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Dom of speech essay

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Argumentative Essay Topics for dom of essay, Middle School. Every college student will encounter at least one form of argumentative essay for canavan disease, middle school or the dom of speech essay, other. If you are in the arts field, then you may have to do this more often than not. However, this is not a difficult task. You only need to learn the dictates from the research paper, masters. If you do, you will start enjoying the exercise of dom of speech essay writing a persuasive essay.

When you learn how to canavan, write an essay of this type, it will be very useful to you all through your college years. Essay! This is cause effect addiction because it will teach you the skills of presenting relevant evidence to support your arguments in the bid to convince your audience to adopt your stance. If you are good in this, you will need to apply it in many other spheres of life so as to get people to buy your ideas. When you are writing this essay, your main focus will be to offer the reader vast information about the topic under discussion. Some will say that it must give the dom of speech essay, reader an overview that will cover all areas or facets of the topic to make the reader see reasons why you have adopted your stance and why they should also join you in adopting the same view. Essay! A well-written work on argumentative essay topics for middle school must come with the proper format or outline, just the same way our case study examples are given to you with an outline that will guide you in writing yours.

You cannot write as you wish. You must follow the given guideline so that you will come out with an organized work, with arguments made in logical and chronological manner. You have to start the writing of your middle school argumentative essay by understanding the format first. This is where you sit down to read the instruction properly, to understand the purpose of the essay. Some people do not know the importance of this step, but it is actually the most important step, so that you will not derail from the main points. You are supposed to engage in far-reaching research to cover all aspects of the dom of speech essay, topic and all point of views by different people. Canavan Disease Paper! While you provide the summary of the work to your readers, be very clear about your own point of speech essay view or stance. This is like writing debate speech topics, where after explaining the topic to people; you tell them what you think about the topic and the angle you are adopting.

The next important part of writing on argumentative essay topics for middle school is choosing the topic to write on. This is only when you are instructed to make this choice. In most cases, your lecturers may choose the cause essay computer addiction, topic for dom of, you already. If you have the opportunity to choose, start by picking a topic that fits within the format you have been given. You are expected to papers austin, offer other people’s opinions and argue in support of your own opinion, so the speech, first step is for you to pick a topic that is completely debatable. Do not choose topics that do not have two or more equally strong opposing views. You must also pick issues that you have a great interest in. when you choose a topic that interests you, the time and energy you will spend in the research and to buy in singapore, writing will always appear to you as something worth the stress. This will push you to put in more efforts in dom of speech essay the research. In the process of choosing a topic, you should also test your argument. You can do this by coursework picking a friend or peer who is also knowledgeable in the topic and doing a test debate with them.

With this, you can now refine your position and arguments and dom of speech essay, come up with better arguments and points to support your stance too. You should also have your audience in mind while picking. Where Rice In Singapore! Anything you are writing on which does not interest your teacher or audience is actually wrong. Here, you should realize the influence of people’s backgrounds on their way of thinking and what languages is the best in addressing different groups. You should realize that you are not writing for yourself, but for your audience too, so it must interest them too. You must also choose argumentative essay topics for middle school in consideration of the rhetorical situations at hand. Here, you have to consider the author, the text, the audience, the purpose of the essay and the settings of the milieu. This entails all that you will employ in order to persuade them to accept your stance. When you consider all the above five factors, you will come out speech, with a better rhetoric. Our services include helping you with good topics.

We can also teach you other systematic approaches like how to make good rhetoric. People in need of case study research should rush to enjoy our assistance. Free Plagiarism Report Free Unlimited Revisions Free Title Page Free Bibliography Free Outline Free Email Delivery. Structuring your argumentative essay topics for middle school. There are many things involved in the way you structure your essay here. Many people may come up with different formats and outlines, but there is something that is standard to philosophical papers, all, and that is what we teach you. If you need our thesis examples to show you how this works, we will also offer that. You have to start by essay creating a very attractive and catchy title. When you come up with something very creative and beauty essay, original, you will be pegging your reader’s attention on the paper. People who like good write-ups cannot avoid this and they will always want to read it till the dom of, end. Make the austin, title a preview of the main content of the paper and garnish it with a quote or a very useful pun.

The title should be followed by the thesis statement. Dom Of Essay! This is coursework engineering resume another core aspect of what you will present. This is supposed to be the part that will sum up your own point of view. You have to place it immediately after the introductory paragraphs and let it be simple and clear enough to tell your readers what your stance is in dom of essay a short formula. Philosophical! The statement always comes with a claim, either a claim of value, definition, causes and speech essay, effect, policy solutions or any other type of canavan claim. If you need more information on what your thesis statement should look like, you can search for our thesis definition and dom of speech, make use of that. You are now in rice paper in singapore the middle school and must use something standard. You should be free to explore all aspects of the speech, topic and give all necessary points. Don’t just focus on engineering resume, three parts.

The introduction is where the speech essay, topic of the essay is given and an overview or background information on the origin and papers austin, development of the topic so far enumerated. It is at the end of this that you should place your thesis statement. Speech Essay! This should be followed by the body of the coursework engineering, paper where you provide enough information to support your argument. Outline the argument of the essay, opposition and to buy rice paper in singapore, refute it with your evidence. After this comes the conclusion that should also reiterate and dom of speech essay, re-assert your position, making a call to action for the opposition to now accept your view.

There are different ways you can provide your argument, but in all, make sure you cover all the necessary points. You must do enough research when you write this essay because you can never boast of knowing it all. You should always come back and proofread your work very well because of obvious errors and mistakes.

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odyssey essay funny In my estimation we have experienced an essay, epoch in photography. Beauty Opinion? Here is a free spirit, untrammeled by dom of essay tradition and theory, who has gone out and found beauty unparalleled in photography. . . . Edward Steichen, 1962. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Ernst Haas, acclaimed as one of the most celebrated and disease influential photographers of this century, was born in Austria in 1921. He attended medical school, but his strong artistic bent led him to the camera. He was without professional training, twenty six years old, when he shot into dom of essay fame with his first essay, Homecoming Prisoners of War, photographed in his native Vienna. . . . When I saw that first set of pictures, I knew I had stumbled upon a genius and I felt a chill up and down my spine. . . . its editor remembered decades later. With this essay Haas set a new standard for opinion, delicacy of feeling and empathy in photojournalism. Essay? Its publication brought Haas two invitations: one from Robert Capa to join Magnum, the cause effect essay, year-old cooperative of international photojournalists; the other to dom of speech essay join the staff of LIFE magazine, the most prominent popularizer of photography of the era.

Haas chose Magnum, becoming the first photographer to be invited to do so by its founders, Robert Capa, Henri Cartier-Bresson, George Rodger, and David Seymour. Within two years, Haas was working in the United States. While photographing in black and white in the New Mexico desert, he experienced a great longing for papers, color. Thus began a life-long odyssey of speech exploration of the uses and papers meaning of color in photography. Haas's frustration with the limitations of technology pushed him at every turn to be slightly ahead of his time. He was a technological pioneer with the eye of a painter and the soul of a poet. It has been written that before Haas there was no color photography, only colored photographs. Haas's first color essay was on New York, the city he would ultimately make his home. When the editors of LIFE magazine saw it, they gave it an unheard-of layout of essay 24 pages and philosophical papers austin called it Magic Images of a City. Essays on dom of speech Paris and Venice followed.

Ten years later, when the Museum of disease research paper Modern Art held their first color retrospective, it was the work of Haas they chose to feature. Though a Magnum photographer in the heyday of photojournalism, Haas was not interested in color as reportage. Dom Of Essay? He was interested in the super-reality of cause computer dreams. To achieve this he gave commonplace objects and silhouettes new meaning. A reflection brought home the dom of, hidden depths underlying a conventional urban storefront; torn posters peeling off buildings shaped themselves into an art gallery. In his quest to beauty produce feelings, he introduced hues and dom of tones never before seen in printed color.

And at cause essay computer addiction, all times his work was informed and enlightened by a guiding intelligence capable of great and quizzical humor. Having changed color photography permanently, Haas turned his attention to the capture of dom of essay movement. He learned to move with the cause computer addiction, camera, and first showed motion in speech an award- winning color essay on bullfighting: through his lens, a brutal art became a graceful dance. Essay? Later, investigating sports of all kinds, he captured the essay, exhilaration of speed with a previously unseen clarity. He explained: To express dynamic motion through a static moment became for me limited and unsatisfactory. The basic idea was to liberate myself from papers austin, this old concept and dom of speech essay arrive at an image in nj resume which the spectator could feel the beauty of a fourth dimension, which lies much more between moments than within a moment. Dom Of? In music one remembers never one tone, but a melody, a theme, a movement. In dance, never a moment, but again the beauty of a movement in time and space. In 1958 an international panel of 243 eminent critics, teachers, editors, art directors and philosophical austin other photography professionals voted on the world's 10 Greatest Photographers for Popular Photography magazine. They were: Ansel Adams, Richard Avedon, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Alfred Eisenstaedt, Ernst Haas, Philippe Halsman, Yousuf Karsh, Gjon Mili, Irving Penn, and W. Eugene Smith.

Haas later pushed the boundaries of still and motion photography even further, directing The Creation sequence (based on the book of Genesis) for John Huston's 1964 film, The Bible. His belief that a series of images seen together added up to more than the sum of their parts also led him to produce four monumental photographic books. Dom Of Essay? The product of thirteen years of work, The Creation (1971) was the most successful color photography book of its time, selling over 350,000 copies. Cause Effect Essay Computer Addiction? Commissioned for the bicentennial, Haas regarded his second book, In America (1975), as a love letter to his adopted country, a love affair that had begun when he was a boy in Vienna, his imagination aflame with stories of American Indians. In Germany (1976) represented a return to and investigation of his European roots, and dom of speech essay Himalayan Pilgrimage (1978) showed his increasing concern with spiritual matters. In his quest for beauty, a more visually attuned world, he created the four part television series The Art of Seeing.

He felt equally strongly about his black and white photography as about speech essay, his color; each was suitable for different modes of expression. In person, Ernst was a delightful man, quick-witted and funny. He had a profound curiosity about people, coupled with graceful old-world manners. Strong, handsome and possessed of great charm, he made strangers instantly comfortable. His New York apartment was filled with a cross-cultural collection of handmade artworks and sculptural artifacts. Haas traveled throughout the world on assignments for magazines, books, movie coverage, advertising and essay industry. Essay? Everywhere he went, he would seek out sacred sites and rites, from the canavan research, dances of dom of essay American Indians, to the Miracle(?) in Greece, to Holy Year in Rome, to the temples of Angkor Wat and Borobudur, the shrines of to buy paper India, Tibet, Bhutan and Japan. Essay? In his art he often transformed throwaway objects into philosophical sacred symbols, as in the photograph with which he identified most: commonly identified as a crucifix, it was a simple pair of underpants lost in dom of essay the road somewhere in California. Haas said on this subject:

Holy Underwear is the very, very typical double-eight composition. Relevant? It's an underwear. And this underwear was caught somewhere in the rain, somebody must have lost his pants somewhere, very profane, and then time came and nature came and climate came, and in a certain light, you see it and dom of essay it becomes a symbol for which people always have a religious feeling. . Philosophical Austin? . . The gentle character of Tibetans fascinated him so much he devoted the last ten years of his life to the study of Mahayana Buddhism, a religion which he felt satisfied all the senses. Whether he was photographing people, recording disappearing cultures, or concentrating on the marvels of nature and the seasons, Ernst Haas' photography used spontaneity to mirror reality. In the accidental he saw the gift of life. Beginning in dom of speech essay the 1970s he taught workshops all over the world; wildly popular with his students, he encouraged them to express their inner selves. Ernst Haas died in New York of a stroke at age sixty-five. Nj Resume Writers? During his life, his work was shown in more than thirty solo exhibitions in dom of essay the United States, in Europe, in Japan and in South America. Almost every year of his photographic life he was awarded an honor. About the nature of poetry and photography, he wrote:

I see what I think. I see what I feel because I am what I see. If there is where rice paper in singapore, nothing to see and I still see it, If there is something to see and everybody sees it. —Inge Bondi, Easter, 2000. A Painter in a Hurry: The Photography of Ernst Haas. There is no formula—only man with his conscience speaking, writing and singing in the new hieroglyphic language of essay light and time. — Ernst Haas. By 1950, as the scholar Jane Livingston has pointed out, a distinct New York School of photography had emerged, its members including Lisette Model, Diane Arbus, Richard Avedon, Alexey Brodovitch, Robert Frank, William Klein, Weegee, Bruce Davidson, and Helen Levitt. There's a remarkable homogeneity to the work they produced during that period. Collectively, they built on canavan research paper the models of Lewis Hine, Walker Evans and Henri Cartier-Bresson, with Action Painting, film noir and jazz as parallels in dom of speech essay other media; treating the life of the streets as theater, they forged provocative, idiosyncratic ways of describing its dramas.

The late Ernst Haas (1921-1986) was one of their cohorts. Certainly he knew and interacted with them all; Vienna-born, then expatriated to Paris, he immigrated to canavan research New York in 1950, the heyday of the school's activity, and dom of almost immediately made that city his home and workplace. I would have become lazy in Vienna, he wrote three decades later, so I went to New York, the city which makes you work and presses everything out of you. . To Buy Rice Paper? . Speech? . New York, a real metropolis, a world within a world, a solution within a solution, growing, decaying. Haas had attended medical school for a year as a young man in Vienna, then studied painting before turning to photography. Relevant Coursework Engineering Resume? In 1943-1944 he pursued a curriculum in photography at the Graphischen Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt (he cited Henri Cartier-Bresson and dom of Edward Weston, both of disease research whose images he knew from dom of speech essay, books and canavan magazines, as his early influences), taking it up as a profession after the speech, liberation of Vienna in 1945. That year he began working for the American Red Cross and the occupation forces. His reportage on that city's post-war traumas and the drama of returning prisoners of war, some of them published in Life magazine, made Haas's reputation in Europe and the U.S. (On many of those assignments, Inge Morath, subsequently to become a noted photographer herself, was his researcher and writer.) But he had sickened of his homeland during the war, so he left Austria for France in 1948, relocating himself to Paris. In 1949 he accepted an invitation from Robert Capa to join the opinion essay, prestigious Paris-based picture agency Magnum, a photographers' cooperative founded by speech Capa, Cartier-Bresson, and other notable photojournalists; the agency's support enabled him to function as a free lance, a status he would maintain throughout his career. In 1951 he crossed the Atlantic to nj resume writers stay.

Of his adopted home, New York City, he also said, I loved its pulse. Speech Essay? I loved the directness of its people. I loved all races living together, or at nj resume writers, least trying. . Speech Essay? . . Beauty Opinion? There is very little that is obvious in this city, only its constant change going on day by day, forming, transforming, construction, destruction. No more acute synopsis of this city's magnetic pull on photographers has ever been drafted, and many of Haas's images of the city became defining representations of Manhattan at mid-century. At the time Haas arrived in New York, the city's photography community was still small enough that everyone working for the various picture magazines crossed paths constantly. (This was the heyday of the printed page, in newspapers and magazines and books, as the primary presentational space for fine photography of all kinds.) Beyond that, however, Haas and the loose coalition of his New York School peers had much in common photographically. The hallmarks of the group's practice included an attraction to the rapidity and speech essay unobtrusiveness of small-camera shooting under available light; a conception of the urban milieu as a proscenium; a fluid, spontaneous, gestural responsiveness to the constantly shifting scenario; an embrace of the blurs, graininess and slightly skewed quality that resulted from working under those assumptions; and philosophical the attentiveness to nuances of behavior and body language in public spaces characteristic of what Alfred Kazin called a walker in dom of speech the city and Walter Benjamin described as the flaneur.

Like his colleagues, Haas took to the streets with his cameras. But he was not confrontational in the manner of Weegee, Klein, Model, or Arbus, nor documentarian and socially critical in the mode that Robert Frank moved through. In Singapore? Instead, more like Saul Leiter, Louis Faurer, David Vestal, and Sid Grossman, Haas was a lyric poet pursuing a photographic equivalent of gestural drawing, utilizing such photographic effects as softness of focus, selective depth of field, and overexposure to telling effect. Haas at this stage of his work alternated between the twin-lens Rolleiflex with which he had learned to use in Austria (such instruments are held at dom of speech, belly level, and provide 2-1/4-square negatives) and a smaller Leica, the nj resume, 35-mm. Dom Of Speech? camera of choice at coursework engineering resume, the time. Eventually he would abandon the Rolleiflex for the Leica, which he used exclusively for the rest of dom of essay his life.

When he arrived in the States, Haas worked strictly in black white, which was still the rule rather than the exception in reportage and which the philosophical papers austin, members of this group all favored for their non-commercial personal work, monochrome signifying for them (as it has come to for us) authenticity and realism. Yet while he shared in many ways his comrades' gritty, collective vision of the archetypal metropolis in the Fifties, Haas, who first experimented with Kodak color film in 1949, would be seduced gradually by the challenge of color, and dom of speech would start exploring it seriously in 1952, becoming, along with Eliot Porter and a small handful of others, one of the nj resume, earliest exponents of the dom of essay, creative potential of color photography. Eventually he would eschew black white almost entirely, establishing himself as a master of philosophical austin small-camera color photography, building therein the substantial, well-known and influential body of work on which his reputation principally rests today. Haas once wrote, I never really wanted to be a photographer. Speech Essay? It slowly grew out of the compromise of a boy who desired to combine two goals -- explorer or painter. I wanted to travel, see and experience. Cause Effect Essay? What better profession could there be than the one of a photographer, almost a painter in speech essay a hurry, overwhelmed by nj resume too many constantly changing impressions? But all my inspirational influences came much more from all the arts than from photo magazines.

Due perhaps to his early training in the arts, Haas hewed closely to many of the traditions of small-camera photography of his day, which mandated, among other things, a minimum of post-exposure manipulation of the image. Color materials, in any case, allow the photographer far less latitude for darkroom interpretation that black white. Yet within those parameters he experimented diversely within his medium of choice, becoming one of the dom of, first to cause effect essay push color photography into dom of essay the realm of the effect addiction, poetic. What Haas looked for, and began to find, in his last monochromatic work was what he finally realized most fully in color: a photography that was not dominated by dom of essay what Richard Kirstel has called the tyranny of the subject. Like those members of the New York School with whom he had most in common, and like another figure whose explorations must be factored into this equation, the late Aaron Siskind, Haas had grown tired of making pictures of the world and even of making images about it; instead, he'd become desirous of making images that were simply drawn from it. The teacher and theorist Henry Holmes Smith once wrote (in an essay addiction, essay on essay Siskind), The question: 'What was really there?' becomes as irrelevant as what Monet's lily pond really looked like to Mme. Monet when she rode by on her bicycle.

Haas's mature color images come to that same conclusion. What we see in his work, in short, is the evolution of a sensibility grounded in the specificity of effect essay addiction reportage but drawn, even as early as a 1945 image of the walls of bombed buildings in Vienna, to the abstract. Haas mastered the formal structures and speech style of philosophical photojournalism, and of that extension of it loosely called street photography, only to leave them behind. By the dom of, late 1950s he was eminently capable of making intelligent accounts of Montgomery Clift and Marilyn Monroe on the set of The Misfits, one of numerous films on relevant coursework resume which he worked as still photographer. (Others include Little Big Man, Moby Dick, Hello Dolly, and dom of essay West Side Story, as well as The Bible, for which he also served as a consultant.) And he could easily turn from such subjects to generate well-structured images describing the dances of Bali, or a complexly orchestrated street scene. But his interest lay increasingly in writers using film, especially color film, as a tool for transforming an object from what it is to what you want it to be. This meant that he was no longer working in the same territory as Cartier-Bresson; instead, he was positioning himself alongside Siskind, Edward Weston and Minor White, as an exponent of the metaphorical potential of the dom of essay, photographic image. He continued to earn his living by crafting substantial picture stories for major periodicals; between 1952 and 1960, in writers addition to essay his free-lance assignments for opinion, Life magazine, Haas also produced notable essays for Esquire, Look, Holiday, and speech Paris-Match. In 1960 he served as president of the American Society of Magazine Photographers, of which he had been a long-time member. Essay Addiction? His affiliation with Magnum continued through 1962; and, even late into his life, he served as an adviser for speech essay, such traditional magazines as Stern (Germany) and Geo. But by the early 1960s he had begun to papers austin move past the requirements of commissioned reportage and illustrational work, into a realm of his own devising. I am a composer / I compose pictures, he jotted down once, and after it, I photograph fiction / as you can't find what I found.

Elsewhere he asserted, [P]hotography became a language with which I have learned to dom of speech write both prose and poetry. In 1962 the Museum of Modern Art mounted a show of the cream of the first full decade of his color work. The show took place in the year that Edward Steichen retired as director of MoMA's Department of papers Photographs and John Szarkowski replaced him; the Haas exhibition was among the speech essay, last of Steichen's curatorial acts, and also MoMA's first solo exhibition by a photographer working in color. Effect Essay Computer? Ironically, almost a decade and a half later, in 1976, Szarkowski would shock the dom of speech, world of cause effect essay computer photography by essay championing the color work of William Eggleston, hailing Eggleston as the inventor of creative color photography. But, in much the same language as he'd subsequently use to describe Eggleston's approach, Szarkowski had previously written of Haas: The color in color photography has often seemed an irrelevant decorative screen between the to buy paper in singapore, viewer and the fact of the picture.

Ernst Haas has resolved this conflict by making the color sensation itself the subject matter of his world. No photographer has worked more successfully to express the sheer physical joy of seeing. Haas himself proposed that Color is joy, adding, One does not think joy. One is carried by it. He saw his shift from one material to dom of essay another as a symbolic, internal, psychological progression, a response to the outside world, with the war years, including at least five bitter post-war years, as the black white ones, or even better, the gray years. The gray times were over. Opinion? As at the beginning of a new spring, I wanted to celebrate in color the new times, filled with new hope. Concerning the conceptual leap involved in his own transition to dom of speech essay color, he stated, Black white as a subtraction had to be transformed into an abstraction in color.

I still respect both forms . . . But having the possibility to express a world in color through color, I was searching for essay, a composition in which color became much more than just a colored black white picture. As this suggests, an intensified interest in speech the act of visual perception had begun to infuse Haas's thinking, and found its outlet in the pictures he made, in where notes and short statements, and in interviews. Though not much given to theorizing -- A color philosophy comes much closer to the truth, he suggested -- he familiarized himself with current theories of color and sight. I myself love to read theories without ever using them when working, he announced. And, in the same vein: I don't want to declare there are no highways of essay fruitful directions. In learning there are. Follow them, use them, and forget them. Don't park. Eventually, those ideas, insights, and attitudes worked their way into the lectures he began to nj resume give in his short courses at the Maine Photographic Workshops in speech essay Rockport, the Anderson Ranch Foundation in Aspen, Colorado, and elsewhere. In that same year, 1962, a four-part film series for National Educational Television that he wrote and hosted, The Art of Seeing, made its debut.

What Haas was after at that point is best represented by beauty what many consider his magnum opus, the color monograph titled The Creation, published in 1971, almost a decade later -- an speech essay, ambitious attempt to effect essay computer addiction achieve nothing less than a retelling of the Book of Genesis's version of the birth of the world through photographic imagery, made as if imagining himself the first human, opening his eyes to the planet for the first time. The 1970s saw him continuing his investigation of the poetry of light and color, while publishing books that consolidated his achievements in a more informational, subject-dominated mode. He had a chapter to himself in the second volume of Cornell Capa's germinal anthology, The Concerned Photographer (1972), and issued two monographs of his own reportage, In America (1975) and In Germany (1977). In 1979, he published Himalayan Pilgrimage, with a text by Gisela Minke. Late in life, Haas said of himself, I want to be open to everything in this world, and dom of essay I am even willing to unlearn.

That possibility of self-critical unlearning he'd exemplified in his conversion from black white to color and his evolution from journalist to poet. He also wrote, Important is the end result of your work: the opus. Therefore, I want to be remembered much more by a total vision than a few perfect single pictures. He'd begun moving beyond the single image early on, developing that total vision first in the extended form of the traditional photojournalistic picture story, then in his more experimental, impressionistic magazine layouts (such as the opinion, unprecedented 24-page Magic Images of New York layout in Life, which appeared in two installments in the issues of September 14 and 21, 1953), and after that in his carefully structured books and exhibitions. In his later years Haas began exploring what was then called audiovisual form, editing his imagery into long structures of projected slides accompanied by soundtracks.

I love music, he explained, and with my audiovisual presentation I can combine music and photography -- this is what I like to do best. These anticipatory experiments mark him as a pioneer of what we now call multimedia or time-based arts. Though he might never have abandoned his beloved 35-mm. camera and Kodachrome for electronic camera equipment, it seems likely that, had he lived into the era of digital imaging, he'd have taken up the World Wide Web, the CD-ROM, and other such media as vehicles for dom of speech essay, his work, testing them for their potential usefulness in his quest for that elusive new hieroglyphic language of light and time whose promise lured him on relevant resume to the end of his days.

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Writing an Essay? Here Are 10 Effective Tips. Honestly, throughout most of high school and dom of speech essay, college, I was a mediocre essay writer. Every once in nj resume, a while, I would write a really good essay, but mostly I skated by with B’s and A-minuses. I know personally how boring writing an essay can be, and also, how hard it can be to write a good one. Writing an dom of, essay? Don’t pull your hair out. Here are 10 tips to write a great essay. Essay. Photo by dom of, Stuart Pilbrow (Creative Commons)

However, toward the end of my time as a student, I made a breakthrough. Philosophical. I figured out how to not only write a great essay, I learned how to have fun while doing it . Here are a few reasons: You’d rather be scrolling through Facebook. You’re trying to write something your teacher or professor will like. You’re trying to get an A instead of writing something that’s actually good . Dom Of Speech. You want to do the least amount of cause addiction, work possible. The biggest reason writing an essay is so hard is dom of because we mostly focus on those external rewards like getting a passing grade or our teacher’s approval. The problem is that when you focus on research external approval it not only makes writing much less fun, it also makes it significantly harder. Because when you focus on external approval, you shut down your subconscious, and essay, the subconscious is the philosophical austin source of your creativity. What this means practically is that when you’re trying to write that perfect, A-plus-worthy sentence, you’re turning off most of your best resources. Just stop. Dom Of Speech Essay. Stop trying to write a good essay (or even a “good-enough” essay).

Instead, write an interesting essay, write an essay you think is fascinating. And when you’re finished, go back and edit it until it’s “good” according to writers, your teacher’s standards. Yes, you need to follow the guidelines in dom of, your assignment. If your teacher tells you to write a five-paragraph essay, then write a five-paragraph essay! However, within those guidelines, find room to express something that is uniquely you . I can’t guarantee you’ll get a higher grade (although, you almost certainly will), but I can absolutely promise you’ll have a lot more fun writing. Ready to get writing? Here are my ten best tips for having fun while writing an essay that earns you the top grade! Every story is about conflict and change, and the truth is nj resume that essays are about conflict and change, too! The difference is that in an essay, the speech conflict is between different ideas , the change is in the way we should perceive those ideas. That means that the best essays are about surprise, “You probably think it’s one way, but in reality, you should think of it this other way.” See tip #3 for philosophical papers austin more on this. 2. Before you start writing, ask yourself, “How can I have the most fun writing this?”

It’s normal to feel unmotivated when writing an essay. I’m a writer, and honestly, I feel unmotivated to write all the dom of speech essay time. But I have a super-ninja, judo-mind trick I like to use to help motivate myself. Here’s the disease research secret trick: One of the interesting things about your subconscious is that it will answer any question you ask yourself. So whenever you feel unmotivated to write your essay, ask yourself the following question:

How much fun can I have writing this?” Your subconscious will immediately start thinking of speech essay, strategies to make the writing process more fun. Here’s another sneaky question to ask yourself when you really don’t want to write: How can I finish this as quickly as possible? 3. As you research, ask yourself, “What surprises me about this subject?” The temptation, when you’re writing an essay, is to write what you think your teacher or professor wants to philosophical papers, read. Don’t do this . Instead, ask yourself, “What do I find interesting about this subject?

What surprises me?” If you can’t think of anything that surprises you, anything you find interesting, then you’re not searching well enough, because history, science, and literature are all brimming over speech essay, with surprises. When you look at how great ideas actually happen, the paper story is dom of essay always, “We used to think the cause computer world was this way. Essay. We found out we were completely wrong, and that the world is actually quite different from effect essay computer what we thought.” As you research your essay topic, search for this story of surprise, and dom of essay, don’t start writing until you can find it. (By the way, what sources should you use for research? Check out tip #10 below.)

4. Overwhelmed? Just write five original sentences. The standard three-point essay is really made up of just five original sentences, surrounded by supporting paragraphs that back up those five sentences. If you’re feeling overwhelmed, just write five sentences. Here’s what they might look like: Thesis: While most students consider writing an essay computer addiction, essay a boring task, with the speech right mindset, it can actually be an enjoyable experience. Disease Paper. Body #1: Most students think writing an dom of, essay is nj resume tedious because they focus on external rewards. Body #2: Students should instead focus on internal fulfillment when writing an dom of essay, essay. Body #3: Not only nj resume writers, will focusing on internal fulfillment allow students to speech, have more fun, they will write better essays. Conclusion: Writing an where to buy, essay doesn’t have to be simply a way to earn a good grade.

Instead, it can be a means of finding fulfillment. After you write your five sentences, it’s easy to fill in the paragraphs they will find themselves in. Now, you give it a shot! In college, I discovered a trick that helped me go from a B-average student to dom of speech essay, an A-student, but before I explain how it works, let me warn you. This technique is powerful , but it might not work for all teachers or professors. Use with caution.

As I was writing a paper for a literature class, I realized that the effect essay computer addiction articles and speech essay, books I was reading said what I was trying to essay, say much better than I ever could. So what did I do? I just quoted them liberally throughout my paper. When I wasn’t quoting, I re-phrased what they said in speech essay, my own words, giving proper credit, of course. Disease Paper. I found that not only did this formula create a well-written essay, it took about half the time to write. When I used this technique, my professors sometimes mentioned that my papers were very “source” heavy. However, at the same time, they always gave me A’s. Speech. Like the five sentence trick, this technique makes the writing process simpler. Instead of putting the main focus on writing well, it instead forces you to research well, which some students find easier. 6. Write the body first, the introduction second, and the conclusion last.

Introductions are often the where to buy paper hardest part to write because you’re trying to speech essay, summarize your entire essay before you’ve even written it yet. Instead, try writing your introduction last, giving yourself the body of the paper to figure out the papers main point of essay, your essay. 7. Cause Computer Addiction. Most essays answer the question, “What?” Good essays answer the “Why?” The best essays answer the “How?” If you get stuck trying to dom of, make your argument, or you’re struggling to reach the required word count, try focusing on the question, “How?” For example: How did J.D. Salinger convey the theme of inauthenticity in The Catcher In the Rye ? How did Napoleon restore stability in France after the French Revolution?

How does the research prove girls really do rule and philosophical papers austin, boys really do drool? If you focus on how, you’ll always have enough to write about. Essay writing can be a dance. Dom Of. You don’t have to stay in one place and write from beginning to cause effect essay, end. Give yourself the freedom to write as if you’re circling around your topic rather than making a single, straightforward argument. Then, when you edit, you can make sure everything lines up correctly.

9. Dom Of Essay. Here are some words and phrases you don’t want to use. You (You’ll notice I use a lot of you’s, which is great for a blog post. However, in an essay, it’s better to omit the philosophical austin second-person.) Cliches Some That Things To Be verbs. A note about “I” : Some teachers say you shouldn’t use “I” statements in your writing, but the dom of truth is that professional, academic papers often use phrases like “I believe” and “in my opinion,” especially in their introductions. Wikipedia isn’t just one of the to buy paper top 5 websites in the world, it can be a great tool for speech research. However, most teachers and professors don’t consider Wikipedia a valid source for use in essays. However, here are two ways you can use Wikipedia in computer addiction, your essay writing: Background research. If you don’t know enough about your topic, Wikipedia can be a great resource to dom of, quickly learn everything you need to know to get started. Find sources . Check the reference section of Wikipedia’s articles on canavan research paper your topic. While you may not be able to dom of speech essay, cite Wikipedia itself, you can often find those original sources and site them . The thing I regret most about high school and where paper in singapore, college is that I treated it like something I had to do rather than something I wanted to do.

The truth is, education is an opportunity many people in the world don’t have access to. It’s a gift, not just something that makes your life more difficult. Speech. I don’t want you to make the mistake of just “getting by” through school, waiting desperately for summer breaks and, eventually, graduation. How would your life be better if you actively enjoyed writing an essay? What would school look like if you wanted to suck it dry of all the gifts it has to give you? How about you? Do you have any tips for writing an canavan disease, essay? Use tip #4 and write five original sentences that could be turned into an essay. When you’re finished, share your five sentences in dom of essay, the comments section. And remember, have fun! Good pointers, Joe.

I could have used this advice 50 years ago when I was in college. Nj Resume Writers. I’m sure it would have been a great help. Thanks Adelaide! Me too! Ironically, this essay was published right after I completed all my work for my English BA. #128578; Overall, this is pretty good advice– why NOT write a fun essay? You know the professors are reading not only the papers of your classmates, but also the essays of students in their other classes. I have also used wikipedia as a way to find general information or additional citations. I have also tried a variation of #4 and #8, where you jot down some ideas to focus the essay before filling the paragraphs out. Dom Of. It’s how I write in coursework, general. It’s so much easier to write that way, since otherwise if I try to write straight through, I just start editing and stop writing. I do differ on #6, though.

I have to write the introduction first– otherwise, I can’t lay out the speech essay other paragraphs. The intro is where my thesis is, and the beauty of a word processor is that it is easy to go back and where to buy paper, just rewrite the thesis if it’s not totally working. But even with this help, there are professors (in several areas besides English, like history, psychology, and speech, art) who love my writing, and canavan paper, classes where most people including myself are getting Bs, and nobody in dom of speech, the class knows who are getting the nj resume writers As. You could write the dom of speech BEST essay ever, but it’s just not for THAT professor. Sometimes it felt like the trick was learning how to write an essay for a particular professor who wouldn’t really tell you want they wanted, and was just trial and error to figure out what they wanted. Beauty Opinion Essay. Those are just my thoughts since I actually felt like I had something to say on one of speech essay, these helpful articles. #128578;

As anon native English speaker Can I borrow other writers’ phrases , sentences or expressions for my story especially I need to use the effect essay Dictionary sometimes,without being scandalous .or turned down (did I used it correctly ) And while Iam reading I discover a new wide variety of vocabulary which I admire a lot . Unfortunately, that would be plagiarism, Maha. Sorry! So why do we have to dom of essay, read a lot before we start writing ,if it isn’t or couldn’t consider to be a dictionary? I looked for Plagiarism in the dictionary ;I found it is stealing ideas but I didn’t talk about that .I talked about the words that are used , be sure I have my own ideas .Example:stepped away walked; that one ( writer ) used one of the previous verbs to get someone went away from some one else , and I want him to writers, get away from a door for example or a phone ,what’s wrong ? Hi Joe, Great points. I wish I had paid closer attention in school. I did not have the desire or the opportunity to go to college but I have written all of my life and just now realizing I can be a writer and publish on my own. OK – using tip [I can’t remember how to do the hashtag and dom of speech essay, I only have fifteen minutes so I don’t want to where rice in singapore, go and look it up, so…] ‘hashtag’ 4, to write five original sentences that could be turned into an essay… Using an essay writing prompt when you have no need to write an essay can be beneficial in many ways. Writing in dom of essay, any form allows, in engineering, my opinion, the dom of speech writer to express thoughts and resume, create a piece of writing. Personally, I think an essay about writing essays could be interesting and fun, and almost certainly challenging; though it’s possible I’ve had too much coffee this morning and am failing to grasp the purpose of this prompt… either way, I’m writing – and writing is good for me.

It’s making me smile. That was only four sentences but one of them was pretty long and speech, fragmented. And I didn’t use my fifteen minutes up so now I have time to. Thanks for the tips, Joe. I don’t have occasion to paper, write a lot of essays these days, but I do need to write tech specs and internal white papers fairly regularly. Dom Of Speech Essay. Here is a five-sentence skeleton from my “day job.” Information technology as a career has traditionally been considered a bastion for technofiles who have little to offer beyond tweaking computer programs, but true success in modern IT requires a well-rounded world view and the ability to effectively interact with and influence others. While previous generations of technology professionals may have been able to succeed by learning one or more core technologies, today’s fast-changing tech landscape requires a nimble mind in order to remain relevant. Beyond the need to nj resume, learn quickly and often, IT staff in the 21st century must be able to communicate effectively with stakeholders in all areas of the business.

In fact, today’s technology professionals are in a position to positively transform their organizations by translating powerful technological capabilities into consumable information that business influencers can understand and embrace. The days of essay, choosing a career in IT because you want to hide away in canavan disease, an office and dom of, write obscure software are over. Relevant Coursework Engineering Resume. The technology leaders of today must work in partnership with our customers to effect real competitive advantages. This sounds like an essay I would enjoy reading, and dom of, I’m not even an IT person. Thanks, Erica. Maybe I’ll write the full thing some day. Thanks for the amazing post #128578; Really great points .. One more tip – ask the right question and give the right answer. Nj Resume Writers. When it comes to essay writing – asking the dom of speech right questions is austin a main thing. I get many confused looks whenever I tell people I have a degree in English yet hated writing papers in college. I wish I had taken the time to learn how to write one properly, so then they might not have sucked all the fun out of my life back then.

I struggled to get Cs on my papers (granted, I usually waited ’til the night before to write them – such a bad habit for me). Anyway, I took a stab at dom of, the prompt and here are the results: Title: Why The World Needs More Adoptive Families. Thesis: Adoption can be a rewarding and beneficial experience, despite its own unique challenges. Body #1: Even though being raised by where paper in singapore, biological parents is the speech ideal, the reality is that adoption is cause addiction likely the best option for children who are already waiting for a permanent family. Body #2: Thousands of children age out foster care each year without the support system of a stable family. Body #3: Supporting adoption is a Biblical mandate, regardless of one’s personal ministry calling.

Conclusion: Adoption isn’t for everyone, but the need is great enough that more families must step up to meet it. Great post to read, keep on dom of speech essay updating new posts. Nj Resume. I have read similar article on custom essay writing service, just go through with them also. Great tips to creative writing… Writing or composing is a craftsmanship, while composing, put conclusions toward the starting: Think of speech essay, a transformed pyramid when you compose. Paper. Become acquainted with point in the first passage, then develop it. Prepare to dom of speech essay, have your mind blown. I got these tips from computer paper composing administrations which is the reason I have succeeded in life. Dom Of. Joe thank you for disease giving me great deal of help to speech essay, writing an authentic essay. It is hard to find a reliable college essay website these days due to the surge of websites claiming to write the best essay for college admissions.

In my opinion turning an essay into a great story will be the winning point for any candidate. Have you heard about first writing service. It provides a lot of useful papers, and engineering, help students to get higher mark, because here work only a high-qualified writer. Dom Of. Just check it, you might be interested. I think it’s nice to do a checklist for beauty opinion essay those, who a starting to write essay #128578;

And for those who have not enough time to finish -i recommend http://essay4you.net/ Really fast and speech essay, professional. Just grab, all what you already have and nj resume, go there. I’m very happy to dom of, read about college essay papers. online. I’ll be recurring to your blog for extra soon. You can choose a better essay writing website for college essay admissionto get unique contents. You can choose a better essay writing website for college essay admission writings to get unique contents.

you can choose a best essay writing website for cause effect addiction college essay admission writings. If you want tp write well such articles and dom of essay, essay, you can find a lot of paper, themes on this site http://www.bestaessays.com. I hate writing essay’s. Joe, thank you so much for this! I was in a bit of a writing slump and this was exactly the dom of speech read I needed. I want to say that this is philosophical papers austin really good article that helps me to write my essay.

Because as for essay me essay is so hard. But after reading this I understand that this is not so hard. Philosophical. When I need help to write a paper It can be done byhttp://writepaper4me.com/ I want to say that this is really good article that helps me to write my essay. Speech Essay. Because as for disease paper me essay is so hard. But after reading this I understand that this is not so hard. When I need help to write a paper It can be done byhttp://writepaper4me.com/ Excellent tips you have provided to write an essay.

I used to get worried about writing essay and I was actually looking for essay rewriting services online but after reading your post, I will try myself first. Thanks. Everybody try to speech essay, write best essay.If i write best essay,i will try to best essay help on canavan disease paper myself.So, help of myself is dom of best help. Would you mind if I will make link on your artilce from beauty essay our website – http://custom-essay.ca ? Hi, guys, I’ve released free tool for dom of speech essay generating topics for essays. Can you test it? http://essaytopicgenerator.com/ Writers Celebrate this Halloween week with us. Thank you for your wonderful tips on writing an essay. How do u suggest we gather information for writers an essay for example, a school essay(narrative, argumentative and reflective) how about an opinion essay what advice would you give me.

I am happy I came by this post at the right time. http://www.cutewriters.com. Thank you for the good work. may the Lord bless you. I’m so glad to see you used Wikipedia as source tool. As someone that is more of a technical writer, research scientist/business man and who sells his work in the form of essay, technical reports and occasional publications – I am a huge proponent of nj resume, Wikipedia. There is no better way for the average person to dom of, research a subject (and that is a fact, see below). I am always saddened when I run into some severely handicapped uninformed soul who thinks that Wikipedia is not a valid source because it isn’t on paper. Few people take the time to read the comparison studies that have been done regarding the accuracy of Wikipedia and other encyclopedic sources – and none of which are 100% accurate and or unbiased. The first of such comparisons was done by Nature in 2005: “For its study, Nature chose articles from both sites in a wide range of topics and sent them to what it called “relevant” field experts for opinion peer review. The experts then compared the competing articles–one from each site on a given topic–side by side, but were not told which article came from which site. Nature got back 42 usable reviews from its field of dom of, experts.

In the end, the journal found just eight serious errors, such as general misunderstandings of vital concepts, in the articles. Of those, four came from canavan disease each site. They did, however, discover a series of essay, factual errors, omissions or misleading statements. All told, Wikipedia had 162 such problems, while Britannica had 123.” Since 2005 there have been several other comparisons and Wikipedia fairs very well in all.

One article I found in Forbes also reveals a curious phenomenon, conservative personality types tend to have a general bias against Wikipedia – and are also uninformed as to accuracy. Not unlike conservative college professors who have biases against even high quality online courses. Writers. Never underestimate the limitations of the conservative personality type. Here are some the essay references I’ve found: Conservative bias and beauty opinion essay, Wikipedia. I love your thinking. Wikipedia is a great site.

It provides directions and essay, the general knowledge from a broad perspective. Many thanks for your references. I shall dig deeper and disease paper, develop my writing skills. Do you love mom? You.

really should. Dom Of Speech. Mom is the one who loves you. Here are some reasons why I LOVE. My mom gives me food. She gave birth to philosophical austin, me. She loves me and likes me a lot…. She gives me clothes. She lets me live. She helps me learn how to dom of speech essay, type. She wants me to be smart. She.

gives me discipline. My mom is the best mom in the world. Always look up to your. mom unless she is on nj resume writers drugs or something. You should always love your mom. She’s. the one who went through pain for you. Dom Of Essay. She’s awesomeness thing you could ever. (My son’s hilarious essay for all to view!) Also, bear with him because he is beauty just starting. hahaha, great post. It reminds of me when I was young.

Hey Joe ! Thank you for your wonderful advices. I struggle a lot during essay writings but if I use your tips correctly, I’m sure I will get better results. Thanks a lot Joe #128578; I totally agree with you 100 percent. I hate writing in APA. The citing. The reference page has to be perfect. Speech. Getting my Masters was so frustrating at times. I had to write a 30 page thesis. Papers Austin. At least with essays, you don’t have to if it doesn’t apply. Dom Of Speech. When helping my son with his we had a title page and cited only if necessary and providing a reference page.

His teacher loved that because he is in middle school. Austin. The paper was really professionally written. Essay. He got a solid A. Hey,if you hate APA – feel free to nj resume writers, adress our writing centre https://300writers.com/. We would be glad to provide you with the first-class writing help any style you need. P.S. Hope, I am not late #128578; Thank you, so much! i want you to want me joe. you the real mvp.

This is the best advice on essays I’ve read in a long time. Dom Of. I’m about to write an coursework resume, essay and essay, am a bit rusty. However, I’ve written a few over relevant coursework engineering, the course of my studies and the ones that got the best marks were the ones where I applied the dom of sort of techniques you write about effect essay addiction here… thanks for the refresh! I read the essay whole thing in a woman’s voice oops! But great tips! Will be using those tomorrow! This is great. We just apply the tips together with other sweetness to provide the best writing experience in our work. This is a real inspiration man, keep up that same spirit.

I started reading this instead of doing my essay… i got an essay due tommorow morning and relevant engineering, yet here i am. I am having so much trouble writing my essay and even though these are great points and i can probably use them, I cant get my brain to use them. I really need help and i don’t even know how to begin to speech essay, ask. Thanks this helped a lot.

I like how easily you describe the whole essay writing process. If you are interested at its continuation, you may read one more article pertaining to essay writing. Click on to buy rice paper http://bigessaywriter.com/blog/7-most-effective-essay-writing-techniques to dom of essay, read the entire piece! Great points. Just a question, is it okay if we use let’s give it a try as a suggestion at the end of where to buy paper in singapore, conclusion paragraph?Thanks. Very good points. Speech. Actually writing essay is philosophical papers a very difficult task to students. Dom Of. Your points will help those students. Wikipedia is a good reference. http://academic-essay-writing-service.blogspot.in/ Nice tips Joe!

I would also advise using this nice tool http://elitewritings.com/topic-generator.html to choose a topic of the essay paper. Great article! Helps me get past my fear of speech essay, writing for grad school. Well done, Joe. You’ve successfully made, both my day and essays, better in writers, every way. Speech. Thank you. Hi guys , long time could not understand how to essay writing , and to buy rice paper in singapore, probably would never have been able to if i do not accidentally found this site writingby1click.com/essaywriting.html , who may be interested come in, it really helped me. long time could not understand how to essay writing , and probably would never have been able to speech, if i do not accidentally found this site essaywriting1click.blogspot.com, who may be interested come in, it really helped me. Hello guys) long time could not understand how to essay writing , and probably would never have been able to if i do not accidentally found this site http://goo.gl/xQ1SwD, who may be interested come in, it really helped me.

Amazing details, still students find it difficult to philosophical papers, implement these tips while writing their essay, so they can ask for help from experts. Students can visit http://studentsassignmenthelp.com/ for dom of essay best essay assignment help. We offer the best quality essay writing with guaranteed plagiarism free guarantee and on-time delivery of work. I really enjoyed how amazingly you noticed the micro changes and wrote. them in broader way. I found this as an informative and captivating. post, so I think it is very helpful and acquainted. I would like to. thank you for the endeavor you have made in papers, this piece. Maybe u should help me to writer and essay and how to write a mind map.

It was a wonderful piece of art by you. It is awesome to read. Thanks for the valuable information. I hope you will keep posting such blogs in future. Sometimes it happens that not all the people like writing precis or essays, so what to do? What if i dont know how to write, but if i write bad i will get F for speech essay exam or i will not get my job? Hi Joe, thanks for the pointers they are really helpful with writing an essay (which I struggle with); but what about writing an exemplification essay? Writing an essay is not easy, these are some useful hints and tips on rice paper in singapore how to construct and speech, write the best essay possible. These simple steps will guide you through the essay writing process:

• Decide on your topic. • Prepare an outline or diagram of your ideas. • Write your thesis statement. • Write the body. Write the main points.

Write the sub points. … • Write the to buy paper in singapore introduction. • Write the conclusion. • Add the final changes. • Read More At htpps://essaypeer.com. Writing is a skill that can be learned and essay, with continuous practice it can be mastered and with no time you graduate to be a professional writer. The above ten points forms an important foundation for writing convincing and captivating essays.Academic. Papers Writing Help. Essay writing has been a major challenge to relevant coursework engineering, many students. For one to speech, come up with a great essay, you need to engage experienced writers.

You have shared very helpful essay writing ideas. For reliable Admittance essays writing , contact us and you will never regret. Writing is philosophical papers my favorite hobbie and these tips are very helpful. Thanks! Global warming is being ignored by massive companies who emit most of the carbon dioxide, world leaders must act to stop them or there would not be another future.

These companies emit over half the carbon dioxide over a year period are choosing to ignore Global Warming. Governments must put sanctions on these companies and increase their tax rate unless they switch to essay, another renewable source. Global Warming is getting worse and worse and it is only a matter of time that the governments of paper, these companies started putting a stop to it. Do you accept guest post here? I have a site that I think it’s close related to this post. Would that be possible? Joe, I really like how unique and interesting your angle on essay-writing is. It’s unlike many other “standard” online essay-writing articles. Hear, hear!

If anyone wants to check out an even more thorough analysis of essay-writing, please check us out at speech essay, our YT channel to see us write essays from cause computer scratch to final draft: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hob5hWHv7JM#038;list=PLfgdZqI9ksaigRzvFFXb1_c1BHJoisTQN. this helped. Dom Of. thanks! Great suggestions! I applied your ideas and I got an nj resume writers, A from a super harsh teacher. I’d give this a 9/10! Writing a perfect essay is not a easy task. It is so difficult to write perfect,creative,informative and speech essay, quality essay. Beauty Opinion Essay. The essay also.

reveals what you can do when you have time to think and work on a writing project. Your tips are very helpful for writing a quality essay. Thanks. This is a good piece overall, but leading with the idea of Bs and A minuses as mediocre is so unhelpful. Those are very good grades that most students would kill for. They are good grades if you are a mediocre student. For those striving to get into an Ivy League school or other good colleges/careers, at least an A is needed in dom of speech, every class.

You have made a strong statement here. In our writing service also, we adhere to all these points. Effect Essay Computer. In fact, we strike a positive note to serve our customers with all our facilities and skills buy cheap dissertation available with us. great discussion for your article and speech, giving all knowledge it It Company. I am only at Tip #2 and can already feel my “inner writer” coming back to life. I’ve been torturing myself for so long — many new ideas and perspectives to addiction, share and dom of speech, nothing but dread at the thought of the actual writing. I was always such a “good student”, and by the time I finished grad school I no longer enjoyed either reading or writing. Pretty sad statement, even sadder that the ill effects have lasted three decades.

The only philosophical papers, writing advice I’ve read so far basically boils down to: it’s work, you just have to do it, set aside a specific time and force yourself…. Dom Of Essay. all about as appealing as my mother’s shoe leather lamb chops. I can’t thank you enough for rice paper in singapore your approach. I think it’s going to work for me, and just know I am immensely grateful beyond what words can express. Yes! I love to write an essay but when I get bored uk assignment help. Also I want to advise listening music when you are writing an essay. That’s what I found on dom of speech essay youtube: I think, it will be usefull for everebody ^_^ I want to ask Joe whether it is possible to post this article on our blog? Our readers will enjoy to read these 10 Effective Tips.

I’m struggling with an essay right now, I should have started it like 6months ago and I just couldn’t do it … even with the help of everyone around me. Though, reading your article, it gives me hope ! This is canavan disease possibly the most useful article I have read. After severe procrastination lasting days you have reminded me about what I need to do I have finally managed to get myself into the right mental state for writing. You may not see this but massive thanks #128578; Writing is one of my hobbies as well, but it’s just so frustrating when you brainstorm and then the person that grades your paper returns it to you with a lower score than you deserved. I would like to see them try. One thing I did noticed is that boring topics may reflect the essay writing style. When the topic is interesting that’s when the grades sky-rocket. I was always very difficult to write essays, articles. It became easier to work with your advice, thank you. You can check for plagiarism your unique text on papers austin the blog.

Best Professional Writing Essay Services – Very helpful article. I wrote essays at the university myself. But there were times when for some reason it could not be done.In this situation, I looked for help from friends, teachers, books, the dom of essay Internet or a special writing service. For example – https://essaysduetomorrow.info/. But it’s best to nj resume writers, do it yourself. Dom Of Essay. The main thing is to properly monitor your time. Hey dude, you just “unstuck” me. Papers. Thank you, I was trying to at least set the framework for a Didactics in Philosophy essay and dom of essay, you give me that initual impulse. Thank you ! Thanks for sharing such a great article which is drafted so perfectly. dissertation writing services Hope for austin such more articles from dom of speech you in future. Thanx for beauty opinion essay sharing such useful post keep it up.

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20+ Tips for Writing A Remarkable Resume in Today#8217;s Creative World. Posted by Assaf Avni on speech essay Oct 22, 2011 in Best of | Comments Off on 20+ Tips for Writing A Remarkable Resume in to buy, Today#8217;s Creative World. The title of this post suggests that today#8217;s world is somewhat different from dom of speech essay, yesterday#8217;s world, and that it is relevant engineering resume, more creative. Essay. Before we explore this notion, lets look at the definition of the word creativity. To Buy Rice. Most dictionaries or academic researchers of creativity will agree creativity is the dom of speech process of generating ideas , that are both (a) novel (new) and (b) useful for to buy rice in singapore (c) solving problem s. To be remarkable (i.e. worth making a remark about) your resume should be somewhat different from dom of, everyone else. If you aspire to be remarkable, you have to be different (i.e. novel) and your resume must be useful (for the person reading it) and solve a problem (i.e. Where To Buy. you getting that amazing job).

While most people think about art when it comes to being creative, this post will follow the traditional definition of creativity (novel, useful, solving a problem) to make you shine brighter and your resume, a star. Speech Essay. If on the other hand, you don#8217;t think today#8217;s world is coursework engineering resume, any different than yesterday#8217;s world and that your resume should follow traditional (may I say old-school?) resume-writing-advices you once got from an dom of essay, HR director or a career counselor, watch the following video: Before we start with actual tips, let me suggest a possibility, that every piece of advice you ever got about where paper in singapore how to write a resume (or about anything else really) could be 100% true and 100% false at the same time. Dom Of Essay. What I mean is, for the person who came up with that advice, it might have been a great one. For you, on the other hand, this advice might be a really bad one. Why you ask? (1) They may be different people than you are, (2) working in a different environment or industry, (3) they may be more concerned with practicality (like how your resume will be scanned) vs. likability or remarkability. Tip #1 Don#8217;t Listen To Every Advice You Get (including this one): As a rule of thumb, when someone gives me advice, I always ask why? (as in, #8220;why is that a good advice?#8221;). If their explanation makes sense to me sure, I#8217;ll follow their advice. But many times, the original reasons for that advice may not apply to me or may be irrelevant, outdated or serve someone else#8217;s benefit rather than mine. Be a critical thinker. Always ask why.

If the explanation doesn#8217;t make sense to philosophical austin you, don#8217;t follow that advice. Tip #2 Rethink The Purpose of a Resume: Most people think the purpose of a resume is to get you a job. Dom Of. Wrong; the purpose of a resume is to effect get you an interview. Similarly, most people think the dom of purpose of an interview is to get you the job. Wrong again. The purpose of an interview is to connect with a human being (i.e. the interviewer) on a personal level and austin, leave a remarkable impression on dom of them. Personal connection, remarkable impression and likability will get you a dream job, not the resume or the interview. Read Seth Godin#8217;s little blurb about superpowers and nj resume, tell me what#8217;s your superpower? What#8217;s yor USP (Unique Selling Proposition)?

Come up with that one amazing idea that will make you unforgettable. It’s hard not to speech essay hire someone you can’t get off your mind. The first thing on your resume should be your name (dash) your brand. To Buy In Singapore. BIG. Dom Of. BOLD.

Job titles can be sort of a branding statement (e.g. John Doe Copywriter) but a smarter branding statement would be to actually brand the essence of who you are (in regards to disease research what they need from you, of essay course). Think values and skills rather than job titles. Art Director is a title Visual Thinker is a skill. Canavan Disease Research Paper. Account Planner is a title Cultural Curious or Cultural Maven is a value. Dom Of Essay. People are more likely to nj resume writers hire you for your skills and values, rather than for your title.

Plus, you#8217;re communicating that you are creative, unique, and passionate about dom of speech these values/skills. Instead of papers trying to convey you#8217;re good at everything, emphasize a few areas where you#8217;ve accomplished the most. Tip #4 Leave Something For The Second Date: Most people believe they should write as much information about themselves as possible in a resume. They don#8217;t want to omit anything, thinking #8216;more is dom of, better#8217;. If you agree with tip #2, that the purpose of a resume is to get you an interview rather than a job, then you might want to think of a resume as a first-date.

We#8217;ve all been there a horrifying first date, where the relevant coursework engineering resume other side just won#8217;t stop talking about themselves; and the more they talk, the more you don#8217;t want to see them again. On the other hand, we#8217;ve all experienced an amazing first date, which left us wanting to dom of know more about the beauty essay other person. Similarly, if the purpose of a resume is to get you a second date (an interview) rather than marriage (long-term career), you want to dom of speech essay leave the other side curious and beauty opinion essay, wanting to dom of speech essay know more about coursework engineering you. In addition, the dom of speech essay more information you have on your resume, the more likely you are to decrease the value of brand YOU (by saying something they don#8217;t want to canavan disease research hear, something they don#8217;t care about, in a way they don#8217;t like, etc). If you include very little information about yourself, on the other hand, they might not get the essence of brand YOU, which isn#8217;t a good thing either. The solution: Your resume should have the least amount of information that will make you a star. The same goes for a Portfolio, by dom of, the way (adverting, design, etc).

If I see three amazing campaigns in your portfolio, I#8217;ll think you#8217;re a star. Philosophical Papers Austin. But if I see three amazing campaign, plus two just-ok ones and one bad one, I#8217;d think you#8217;re just ok. Don#8217;t tell me what your objectives or aspirations are, tell me who you are. I often see people (especially students) add an dom of speech, #8216;objective#8217; paragraph to disease research their resume (e.g. #8216;OBJECTIVE: to find a job as a Jr. Speech Essay. Art Director#8217;). Some take it to the next level and use the word #8216;aspiring#8217; (e.g. #8216;John Doe Aspiring Art Director#8217;). Austin. I don#8217;t want to hire someone who#8217;s objective or aspiration is to become something they are not yet. I want to hire someone who has the confidence to see themselves as their brand, even if they don#8217;t have 20 years of experience in that profession. Speech Essay. When I#8217;ll read your resume, I#8217;m likely to effect essay computer see that you don#8217;t have the 20 years experience, but I#8217;ll also perceive you as a passionate person who knows where you#8217;re going.

I#8217;ll know you are determined and speech, focused and that#8217;s the kind of person I want to hire. The metaphor I like to use comes from the world of relevant engineering resume personal relationships. It#8217;s Friday night, you go out and meet an interesting guy/gal. Dom Of Speech Essay. What would you think of them, if they came to you and said: #8216;yeah, um, I think I#8217;m ok in opinion essay, relationships#8217; or #8216;well#8230; I kinda#8217; wanna be great in relationships#8217;#8230; rather than them presenting themselves as someone who#8217;s great in #8216;relating#8217; to other people? You might not know them yet, you#8217;re definitely not in a relationship with them yet, but you#8217;re more likely to go out dom of speech, with them if you#8217;d get the sense their most important value/skill is their ability to opinion essay #8216;relate#8217; to speech essay people. Austin. HR people might tell you #8216;objectives#8217; are important on a resume but that#8217;s only because their job is to file your resume in the right box or put it on the right desk.

What if you find a way for speech your resume to reach the right desk without HR? HR is not your target audience; avoid them as much as possible. Effect Computer. If you want to be an art director or a copywriter, the creative director or the creative recruiter are your target audience. If you want to be an account planner, the group account planner is your target audience. Find out who#8217;s making the final hiring decision, not who#8217;s in charge of filtering, and speech essay, target your resume to beauty them. With that said, the speech cover letter is where, a great place to dom of essay clarify what position you#8217;re applying for. If your resume starts with the headline #8220;John Doe Cultural Geek,#8221; make sure your cover letter clearly states that you#8217;re interested in that Jr. Account Planning position. Relevant Engineering. Tip #7 The FedEx Rule When You Absolutely, Positively Have to Be There on Time: Online sources claim employers spend an average of 20 seconds on each resume they read. I don#8217;t know if this is based on an actual study, but from my experience, if you get more than 30 seconds, consider yourself lucky. I#8217;m pretty sure they spend more time reviewing your resume in details before you come to the interview, but during the filtering process, 10-30 seconds sounds about right to me.

I would go further and say most people don#8217;t even #8216;read#8217; your resume;. #8216;skimming through#8217; would be more like it. Speech. Now, what do you do when you skim through a textbook? You read the headlines, the philosophical papers austin bullet points, right? Well, what if your resume had only headlines and speech, bullet points? Boom boom boom, straight to papers austin the point, easy to read, creative, quick, etc. Dom Of Speech Essay. If you make your resume skimmable, it doesn#8217;t have to be readable. Make it easy for them to get all the rice in singapore information by skimming through your resume. One-liners are best. Think twitter every new bit of information is 140 character or less.

Tip #8 Tell Me First or Last I#8217;ll Remember it Better: Teachers, professional presenters or speech writers, will all tell you people remember best what you present to them first and dom of essay, then what you present to them last; They least remember everything in the middle. That#8217;s why they call it #8216;first impression#8217; or #8216;last impression#8217; but not #8216;middle impression#8217;. The most important element of your resume (the one which makes you shine brighter) should go first (creating a remarkable first impression). Relevant Coursework Engineering Resume. The second most important element should go last (leaving the reader impressed, curious and wanting to know more). Everything else should go anywhere in between. People are more likely to essay remember the nj resume writers first thing and the last things they hear/read about you. If you want to have the essay least amount of information that will make you shine brighter, the philosophical papers austin structure of your resume should be super simple and essay, skimmable. I#8217;d recommend having only four main categories: Education , Experience , Skills , and Life . Writers. If your #8216;education#8217; section is more impressive than your #8216;experience#8217; section, put it first, and vice versa.

In the creative sector (any job focused on generating new ideas), awards are sometimes more important than education. Dom Of Speech. If you won impressive awards, honors or other forms of recognition, which are directly related to the position you#8217;re applying for, I#8217;d add an #8216;Awards#8217; section before education or experience. If the awards are not directly related to nj resume the position, but are worth mentioning, I#8217;d put them under the #8216;Life#8217; section. If you agree with the previous tip, that first and dom of speech essay, last impressions are more important than anything in the middle, a good structure to follow is: What What did you do? (job title, position, etc) Where When Where when did you do it? (name of the company or institution and time frame) Why (in bullet points) Why should I care? That is to essay say, what did you do for them, that you can do for me?

If you agree that a simple and quick structure will help your resume be more skimmable, there#8217;s an speech, easy way to do it visually. English is read from engineering, top-left to bottom-right. Structuring your information in stairs-like shape will help the speech essay reader find the papers information they need, while still being able to skim through it. A good visual structure for every section of your resume will look like this: * Note: the speech actual lines on the left example are to beauty opinion essay show you the indentation; I wouldn#8217;t actually have them in my resume. Following the dom of previous tip, a good structure for papers your education section might look like this: BA in Marketing. Speech Essay. California State University, Fullerton, May 2014. GPA 3.9 President of the Marketing Association Captain of the football team. My assumption is that if you#8217;re applying for a position in marketing, the fact that you have a BA in papers, marketing is more important than where you got it from dom of essay, or when.

The first line in the example above is the philosophical #8216;what#8217;, the second is the #8216;where when#8217; and the 3 bullet points are the #8216;why#8217;. GPA below 3.5 doesn#8217;t make you a star; don#8217;t put it on your resume. Instead, if your #8216;GPA in Major#8217; is 3.5 or above, put that one. If you have (or getting) a BA/BS from a university, don#8217;t list past associate degree or community college education (unless they make you shine brighter than your university education). Same goes for dom of speech high school.

Phrases like: #8220;Expected Graduation Date#8221; or #8220;Graduated in#8221; are redundant. If you write #8220;May 2014#8221; and beauty opinion essay, we#8217;re in speech, 2011, I#8217;ll know you#8217;re still a student. Vice versa, if you write #8220;May 2009#8221;, I#8217;ll know you already graduated. Similarly, spelling out #8220;Bachelor of Arts#8221; is a long way of saying BA. Instead of opinion listing #8216;relevant coursework#8217; under education, list the skills you gained from these courses under the #8216;Skills#8217; sections. I#8217;m not interested in knowing you took a typography class; I want to know you master typography. Dom Of Speech. Don#8217;t tell me only your previous job titles. I can#8217;t learn much about you or your skills from your job titles.

Identify and cause essay computer addiction, quantify your past accomplishments instead of listing a general job descriptions. In other words: Tell me what you did for them, that you can do for dom of essay me. Be specific and quantify as much as you can. For example, instead of canavan research paper writing: Cashier and Shift Manager. Starbucks, Los Angeles, 2001-2006. Was in charge of the cash-register Opened and closed the store daily Served customers. Cashier and Shift Manager. Starbucks, Los Angeles, 2001-2006. Managed a weekly budget of $25,000 Opened the store on time and always stayed until the last happy customer left Served 0ver 50 happy customers daily without a single complaint for 5 years.

See the difference? The second example communicates so much more about you than the dom of essay first one. It tells me you are trustworthy, have a positive attitude, approachable, likable, etc. Most people will write attributes like these under their #8216;Skills#8217; section without even giving examples. By writing them under the beauty #8216;Why#8217; section of each experience, instead of under the speech essay #8216;Skills#8217; section, you are demonstrating your skills rather than just saying you have them. Leave me curious and wanting to resume know more about those skills and how you achieved them. Life experiences are great, even if you didn#8217;t get paid for them. That#8217;s why I suggested the title #8216;Experience#8217; for this category, and not #8216;Work Experience#8217;. If you volunteered for a summer camp, for example, you might be great at multi-tasking, solving problems, dealing with demanding customers (kids in this example, but still customers). All of these are great skills I would love to essay know about.

For each experience listed, add one, two, or maximum three things you did for them, that you can do for me (the Why). Bullet point style, one line for each. Canavan Paper. If you list three, put the speech essay most impressive first, the second most impressive last, and the least impressive in the middle. Tip #13 Use Light Humor to Engage Your Reader: There#8217;s an old-school belief, that a resume must be serious at all times; I#8217;d like to challenge that belief. If you haven#8217;t Netflix it today! It#8217;s a masterpiece.

In any case, the movie was the first ever to present the Holocaust and the Nazi regime in a light and funny way. It wasn#8217;t trying to philosophical papers joke about the speech essay Holocaust or to opinion essay diminish its serious and speech, horrific results. It was attempting to portray the history of events in more humanistic eyes. Beauty. Not only dom of speech was the movie not criticized for philosophical papers austin using humor, it won a gazillion awards and I personally haven#8217;t met anyone who saw it and didn#8217;t like it. Speech Essay. Here#8217;s another example: Washington Mutual was among the first banks ever (if not the first) to use humor in their ads: Before WaMu, advertisers thought banking is a serious business and no one would like a bank to joke around when it comes to austin financial services. Again, wrong assumption.

After the success of dom of speech essay WaMu#8217;s campaign, many banks followed with their own humorous campaigns. These examples are a testimony that as human beings, we connect better when humor is used. And if you subscribe to tip #2, that the purpose of papers a resume is not necessarily to present information, but rather to dom of get people to like you enough to invite you for a second date, humor can definitely make you remarkable. Nj Resume Writers. Back to the resume instead of just having a #8216;What#8217;: Instead of just having a #8216;What#8217;: These can lead to dom of great conversations during your interview and will present you in disease research, a positive way, while communicating the #8216;what you did for them that you can do for me#8217;. IMPORTANT NOTE: You don#8217;t want to come out as a joker, so keep the humor light and the language professional. In general, skills can be divided into three groups: Skills related to knowledge or intellect, like knowledge of a language, computer software, etc. Skills related to ability or intelligence (that is, putting knowledge into use), like design, negotiation, editing, etc, and Skills related to personality traits, like analytical skills, listening skills, etc. Whichever category it is, you want to dom of make sure:

All skills listed on your resume should be useful and relevant to the position you#8217;re applying for. That means, if you#8217;re applying for a number of positions, each version of your resume should only where rice paper in singapore include the dom of essay relevant skills. Why? Remember tip #4 the least amount of information that makes you a star. Microsoft Office or Excel are not a skill; They are software anyone is expected to master these days.

Personally, I#8217;d be embarrassed to list them unless I#8217;m applying for opinion essay a secretarial position. Essay. More advanced software (if relevant to the position you#8217;re applying for) should be listed, but again, they are not a skill. Opinion Essay. You mastering them is a skill. I only want to know about the dom of essay skills that make you a star. If you feel you know Photoshop well enough to talk about it during an interview, tell me you master it. Telling me you#8217;re a beginner doesn#8217;t make you a star. Relevant Coursework Engineering Resume. General human skills such as communication skills, multi-tasking skills, etc are inflated these days. Too many people add these to their resume, making you just like everyone else if you do too. Instead of just telling me you have a certain skill, give me an example of an achievement celebrating that skill. Speech. For example: instead of writing: Communication As the cause effect essay computer membership director of the speech students association, I#8217;ve presented to 100+ participants weekly.

That tells me so much more about where your capabilities, and more important, it tells me what you did for them that you can do for me. This is the one section of essay your resume where you don#8217;t want to use bullet-pointed-one-liners. Nj Resume Writers. Located at the bottom of the page, this section is your opportunity to leave a remarkable last impression. Remember what we said at the beginning of this guide? Personal connection, remarkable impression and dom of, likability will get you a dream job , not the interview. This section should be one or two paragraphs, in the format of story-telling. People connect with good stories and this is your chance to show you#8217;re a human being and canavan research paper, not just another paper resume. You can talk about dom of essay your hobbies, countries you#8217;ve visited, languages you speak (although if relevant to canavan research paper the position, these can also go under skills), anything really, but once again be remarkable. If you tell me you beat anyone you know in speech essay, Guitar Hero, I might conclude from this you are passionate, goal oriented, enjoy challenges, etc. If you tell me you perform at poetry slam open mic gigs every third Tuesday of the month, I might conclude you are a great communicator, a story teller, can present in front of a large audience, risk taker, not afraid of failure, etc.

While this section ends your resume, it should provide a great conversation-starter for your interviewer. Remember: your goal is to make it easier for them to connect with you on a personal level. Some people add a list of references at the end of their resume or write #8220;References available upon request#8221;. If you ask any HR director or a recruiting agent about the process of hiring they will tell you that only after a candidate is seriously being considered for essay computer addiction a job, they call references. Calling references is the very last step in a long filtering process. Adding references to dom of speech you resume is like brining your mom on a first date. Let#8217;s get to disease know each other first before we meet the parents. Speech. It#8217;s redundant to list references early in rice, the process and it adds a bunch of information that does not make you a star. With that said, keep a list of references on a nicely printed sheet of speech essay paper and disease paper, bring it with you to the interview in case they ask for it. And a little secret if you hear from your references (after the interview), that they called them to ask about dom of essay you, there#8217;s pretty good chance you got job.

Most of the time HR will call references to cover their ass and make sure you#8217;re not a criminal. Tip #17 Copywrite and relevant engineering resume, Art Direct your resume: You might want to say a lot of things about yourself on your resume (e.g. you#8217;re creative, you#8217;re trustworthy, you#8217;re goal oriented, etc) and you should, but the speech most important aspect on your resume should be your brand. Canavan Paper. Whether you#8217;re a copywriter or not copywrite every aspect of dom of speech essay your resume. To Buy Paper In Singapore. Choose every word carefully, edit, re-edit and re-edit again, and dom of, again, and then, again. Ask a designer or an art director buddy to help you with the layout, visuals, typography, etc. Unless you#8217;re a designer or an art director, no one is expecting you to essay master these, but in the business of communications, they do expect you to care for how your resume look. Whether you#8217;re an art director or not art direct your resume. Art direction doesn#8217;t mean adding art; it means designing a beautiful and essay, attractive resume. Much like any other brand, your resume can either increase or decrease the value of brand YOU with every word, comma, line or color you add. Before you add any visual element, you should ask yourself: why should it be there?

Is there a reason? Does it make a remarkable point? Does it make me remarkable? Am I/can I/should I communicate some of my skills/values visually rather than using words? Learn the basics of to buy in singapore Typography, know the difference between Serif and dom of, Sans Serif. Use Georgia instead of Times New Roman it#8217;s designed to relevant coursework look better on screen and it#8217;s available on most computers. Join the #8216;Ban Comic Sans Movement#8216; don#8217;t use it! Don#8217;t use font-size 12; most printed materials (books, newspapers) use font-size 9-11 (depending on the font). Instead, adjust the leading (line spacing) to 120% if the speech font size.

Clean Up Your Mess will help you apply the principles of good design to your resume. Watch Simon Sinek#8217;s TED on How Great Leaders Inspire Action and tell me what#8217;s your personal #8216;WHY?#8217; Tell me something about papers how you see the world, about speech essay who you are as a human being, not just as an employee. Effect Addiction. 99% of speech essay resumes don#8217;t tell much about the person#8217;s attitude, quickness, humor, curiosity, personal manner, what makes them tick, and a few dozen other really important traits. Most people assume these will be revealed at the interview but the canavan paper truth is I am more likely to call you for essay an interview if I perceive you as the effect computer addiction human being I#8217;d like to dom of speech connect with. In advertising, we call this #8216;Why#8217; Unique Selling Proposition (USP). What#8217;s your USP? I t#8217;s always better to demonstrate/show your USP rather than telling/writing about it. If you think you#8217;re a great writer, for example, your resume should be a written testimony (instead of writing: #8220;Great writing skills#8221; under the #8220;Skills#8221; section). Beauty Opinion Essay. Similarly, if your USP is a personality trait show it to me using examples rather than telling me about it.

So often I see redundancy in dom of speech essay, resumes, and it#8217;s usually in the small details. We talked earlier about making you resume skimmable and a big part of that is getting rid of any word that#8217;s really not needed. Opinion. Some examples: Writing #8220;Address:#8221; just before your mailing address (as if I don#8217;t know it#8217;s an address), or #8216;Email:#8217;, or #8221;Phone:#8217;, or #8216;Degree:#8217; or, ok, you got the point. In fact, listing a mailing address at all is pretty much redundant these days. All I get in the mail in dom of essay, the last 5 years are bills and I doubt you#8217;ll get any letter of acceptance (maybe a rejection letter, but hey, you probably don#8217;t want to get these any ways #128578; If you got the canavan job, you#8217;ll get a phone call usually and if you were rejected, they can email you.

Listing more than one phone number (like home, cell, work). Why would they need anything other than your cell phone? If they can#8217;t reach you, they#8217;ll leave you a voice mail, not turn you down. Writing #8216;Objective#8217; well, we talked about that in Tip #5. Instead, write your name, dash (-) your title at the very top of your resume. Bold. Having a title like #8216;Relevant Work Experience#8217; if it#8217;s not relevant, why would it even be on your resume?

And why would you want to limit your experiences to only work related ones? Any experience that makes you shine brighter should be on your resume, even if it#8217;s a volunteer experience. The title should just be #8216;Experience#8217;. When the name of an institution you work for (or study at) includes the city it is speech, in, you don#8217;t really need to add the city, do you? For example, I teach at California State University, Fullerton (that#8217;s the paper actual name of the university, CSU have other campuses as well) and it#8217;s located in#8230; You guessed it: Fullerton. Dom Of Essay. No need to write: California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA. Why write Bachelor of Arts, when you can write B.A.? Remember less is GOOD.

Under education, I often see students write: #8220;Expected Graduation Date: May, 2015#8221;. If we#8217;re now in 2014, and nj resume writers, you simply write #8220;May, 2015#8221; believe me, I#8217;ll understand you#8217;re still a student. #8220;References Available Upon Request#8221; If they need them, they#8217;ll ask for them (usually when you come for an interview). Dom Of Speech Essay. Links to relevant coursework engineering your LinkedIn, Facebook, or even MySpace (I swear I#8217;ve seen that one once #128578; profiles. Dom Of Essay. Why? So I can get more information I don#8217;t have time to read? Remember, your goal is NOT to provide MORE information but be likable and relevant, leave me wanting to know more about you (in an interview, not via social media sites). Speech. Words like: #8220;Major in:#8221; / #8220;Minor in:#8221;.

Instead, write: #8220;California State University, Fullerton Communications/Advertising#8221; Listing months under the papers austin dates of your experiences (June 2011 Sept 2014, for example). Dates are on your resume to provide a general time-line and it#8217;s really not important what month you started or finished that job; 2011-2014 is good enough. The only speech essay exception is when you worked somewhere less than a year; than you can write June-Sept, 2013. There are probably many more examples you can think of but the rule of thumb should always be: If I take this word out will they still get what I mean? If the answer is yes, you probably don#8217;t need it. Tip #20 Get Your Own professionally-looking Email Address: Listing a Yahoo, Hotmail or Gmail address on your resume doesn#8217;t make you shine brighter. Get your own domain name with a professional email address. 1and1 always have great deals for $1-$5 per domain name. If you got the relevant coursework domain from 1and1, this tutorial will show you how to set up your email account. Tip #21 Don#8217;t believe everything I just told you without asking why and agreeing with it: Learn from others.

Shop around for options. If three people tell you it#8217;s a horse, try to ride it, but if you get contradicting advise, own your opinion. Read and Use: Really Ugly Resumes: The Seven Deadly Sins of speech Resume Design: Top 10 Ways to Rock Your Resume. The Periodic Table of Typefaces. Give Your Resume a Face-Lift. Papers Austin. If your resume goes online, read Ten Principles for Readable Web Typography: Ten Things that Define a Killer Resume:

Ten Resume Sins: Six Words That Make Your Resume Suck: Six Word That Make Your Resume Rock: How To Create A Great Web Design CV and Resume. Dom Of Speech. 10 Ways Your Resume Irks Hiring Managers. Top 5 mistakes on nj resume writers executive resumes. The 12 Most Relevant Online Resources for Job Seekers.

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Freedom of speech - Topic - YouTube

economics aqa essays 1010 N HANCOCK ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19123, USA. Copyright 2017 ghostwritingessays.com. Economics Aqa - Ghost Writing Essays. This Answers book provides answers for the questions asked in the workbook. They are intended as a guide to give teachers and students feedback. The candidate responses supplied here for dom of speech essay, the longer essay-style questions are intended to give some idea about how the exam questions might be answered.

The examiner commentaries (underlined text) have been added to give you some sense of what is rewarded in the exam and which areas can be developed. Again, these are not the only ways to answer such questions but they can be treated as one way of approaching questions of these types. Topic 1 The firm: objectives, costs and revenues 1Both private and public companies are privately owned capitalist business enterprises. The difference stems from their ownership. Private companies are owned by private shareholders who can choose the buyer of their shares. Public company shares are listed on the stock market, which means that they have to comply with the rules of the stock market and any member of the public can buy shares in the company. An excess of sales receipts over the spending of a business during a period of time, which can be calculated using the formula: profit = revenue – costs. 3At any level of disease, output, revenue is calculated by multiplying output by the price at which each unit of dom of, output is sold. In perfect competition, because it is always possible to increase sales revenue by selling more units of output, the revenue-maximising level of disease research, output does not exist. In other market structures, including monopoly and oligopoly, marginal revenue falls as more units of the good are sold.

Revenue maximisation occurs at the level f output at which marginal revenue is zero (MR = 0). By contrast, in all market structures, including perfect competition, profit maximisation occurs at speech the level of output at which marginal revenue equals marginal cost (MR = MC). 4An entrepreneur decides on beauty, questions such as how, what, where, how much and when to produce. Entrepreneurs decide how to employ the factors of production, and they bear the business’s financial risks. In small businesses, the entrepreneur is often the founder of the firm, building the business by dom of essay investing his/her own time and money. The entrepreneur directly manages the to buy rice in singapore, business and takes the important decisions about its direction and strategy.

5The management could control information and take decisions without the shareholders being able to influence the decision or even being aware of an issue. 6The key difference between the short run and the long run relates to whether factors of production are fixed or variable. In the short run, at least one factor of production (usually assumed to be capital) is fixed. Dom Of Essay. Labour is assumed to be variable. Essay. In the long run, all factors of production are variable and none is essay fixed. This question is the obverse of coursework engineering resume, question 6. A fixed factor of production is one that cannot be increased in the short run, normally land and capital. A variable factor of production, normally labour, can be increased in the short run. 8The law of diminishing returns sets in when units of a variable factor of production, such as labour, are added to fixed factors of production. Dom Of Speech Essay. Eventually the disease research, extra output (marginal returns) produced by the marginal worker falls to dom of be less than the beauty opinion, marginal product of the previous worker added to the labour force. (i)The firm increases the scale of production and experiences a more than proportionate increase in output. (ii)The firm increases the scale of production and experiences a proportionate increase in output. (iii)The firm increases the scale of production and experiences a less than proportionate increase in output. 10 [pic] 11Average variable costs are total variable costs divided by the size of output. Average total costs are total costs divided by the size of output.

A firm’s average total costs can also be calculated by adding its average fixed costs to its average variable costs. 2Technical economies of scale occur when a firm’s production methods benefit significantly from increasing to a larger scale. The productivity increases experienced by a firm in traditional economic theory stem from the larger scale of production allowing for speech, a greater division of research, labour and improved specialisation. Hence the firm experiences a technical improvement in production and more than proportionate output gains. An example is provided by Henry Ford’s adoption of assembly-line production in his car factories in dom of, the early years of the relevant resume, 20th century. A bulk-buying economy of scale occurs when a firm gets a discount as a result of buying raw materials or capital goods in bulk. For example, a school may be able to buy 100 computers at ? 300 each, whereas a single computer would be priced at ? 600. 13(i) If a firm in a perfectly competitive market sets its price above P1, the dom of speech essay, ruling market price, it will not sell any of its products. This is because its products are identical to where in singapore those of its competitors, and buyers who possess perfect market information and will buy from the cheaper rival firms selling at the ruling market price. ii) If the firm sets its price below P1 it will sell all of its output, but it will not be maximising profit.

There is no sense in speech, doing this, given that an infinite number of customers are willing to cause essay computer addiction buy the essay, good at the higher price of P1. Nj Resume. 14You can understand this question by referring back to the answer to question 3. Dom Of Speech Essay. As long as marginal revenue is positive (at all levels of output below Q1), the monopoly can increase sales revenue by producing and coursework engineering selling more. But when marginal revenue is negative (at all levels of output above Q1), the monopoly can increase sales revenue by producing and selling less. Exam-style answers (essay) 01The laws of diminishing returns and speech returns to scale are both parts of production theory. (The law of diminishing returns is also known as the law of diminishing marginal productivity. ) Production theory explains the relationship between inputs into the production process and the output of goods or services that results. The inputs are the services of the factors of beauty essay, production that the firm employs. The basic nature of production is essay shown in the diagram below. [pic] Production theory divides into cause essay addiction, short-run production theory and essay long-run production theory. The law of beauty opinion essay, diminishing returns is a short-run economic law, whereas returns to scale occur in the long run. Dom Of. The law of diminishing returns has the status of an economic ‘law’, because in the short run at least one of the factors of production (usually assumed to be capital) is held fixed. This means that the only way a firm can increase output in the short run is by adding more variable factors, e. g. labour, to fixed capital. Eventually, as labour is added to fixed capital, an beauty opinion, extra worker (the marginal worker) gets in dom of speech, the way of the already existing labour force and the additional output attributable to research paper the marginal worker begins to fall.

This is dom of speech essay when the law of diminishing returns has set in. Returns to scale by philosophical austin contrast occur in the long run when all the factors of dom of speech essay, production increase. The firm increases its scale or size of beauty opinion essay, operation. Speech. If a doubling of all the where to buy rice paper, inputs (factors of production) leads to a less than doubling of output, decreasing returns to scale have set in. (Other possibilities are increasing returns to scale and constant returns to scale. ) To understand the relationship between the law of diminishing returns and short-run cost curves, consider the diagram on speech, the next page. The upper panel of the diagram shows the marginal and average returns (or productivity) of labour. Diminishing marginal returns begin at point A. Increasing marginal productivity of labour (or increasing marginal returns) is shown by the positive (or rising) slope of the marginal product curve, while diminishing marginal returns are represented, beyond point A, by the curve’s negative (or falling) slope. But once the law of diminishing returns has set in, short-run marginal costs begin to rise. This is shown by the upward-sloping section of the cause, MC curve in the lower panel of the diagram.

And as soon as MC rises through the average variable cost (AVC) curve (and later the average total cost (ATC) curve), the two average cost curves begin to dom of essay rise. This means that the AVC and the ATC curves are U-shaped. [pic] Just as short-run cost curves are derived from the short-run law of diminishing returns, so long-run cost curves result from the nature of returns to scale. When a firm changes the scale of all the factors of production in the economic long run, it is philosophical austin usual to assume that to start with it benefits from increasing returns to scale but that eventually decreasing returns to scale set in. Given this assumption, the firm’s long-run average cost (LRAC) curve is speech U-shaped, as shown in the diagram below. However, other assumptions about the impact of returns to scale on long-run production would lead to different possible shapes of the LRAC curve. [pic] The mark scheme for the first part of an papers, essay question is dom of speech ‘issue based’. The mark scheme sets out all the effect, issues deemed to be relevant to the question and indicates the maximum marks that can be awarded for speech, each issue. When added up, the where to buy paper in singapore, total available mark is usually higher than 15 (the maximum mark for the first part of an essay question). Dom Of. When an answer scores more than 15 marks, the actual mark awarded is constrained to the maximum of 15. This is the case with this answer. All four parts of the question are addressed accurately, earning well over 15 marks. Where To Buy Paper In Singapore. The maximum mark of 15 is awarded.

02Large firms are sometimes and perhaps often better than small firms, but they are not always better. The main reason why large firms can be better than small firms stems from the fact that in many industries, e. . mass car production, firms benefit from increasing returns to scale as the dom of essay, size or scale of the firm increases. As the final diagram in the answer to question 01 indicates, increasing returns to scale translate into economies of scale when measured in terms of where rice, long-run average costs of production. Economies of scale are defined as falling long-run average costs of production, whereas diseconomies of scale are rising long-run average costs of production. Essay. Increasing returns to scale mean that as plant size increases, a firm can combine its inputs in where paper, a technically more efficient way. As a result average costs of dom of essay, production fall.

This means that large firms, particularly in canavan disease research, manufacturing, can benefit from technical economies of scale. Many types of plant or machinery are indivisible, in the sense that there is a certain minimum size below which they cannot operate efficiently. A firm requiring only speech, a small level of output must therefore choose between installing plant or machinery that it will be unable to use continuously, or using a different but less efficient method to cause effect essay addiction produce the smaller level of output required. Large firms can also benefit from volume economies of scale. With many types of capital equipment (for example, metal smelters, transport containers, storage tanks and warehouses), costs increase less rapidly than capacity. When a storage tank or boiler is doubled in dom of, dimension, its storage capacity actually increases eightfold.

Since heat loss depends on the area of the writers, container’s walls (which will only have increased fourfold) and not upon volume, a large smelter or boiler is speech technically more efficient than a small one. Volume economies are thus important in industries such as transport, storage and warehousing, as well as in metal and chemical industries, where an increase in the scale of plant provides scope for the conservation of heat and essay energy. Essay. When there are substantial economies of nj resume, scale available to a firm, its LRAC curve will look like the one in speech essay, diagram (a) of the following: [pic] When firms can benefit from substantial economies of scale (and economies of effect computer, large-scale production), this will benefit firms. The gain in productive efficiency achieved from speech essay, a large scale of operation means that profits will be larger for large firms than for small firms. Engineering. However, the opposite will be true if diseconomies of scale set in early on dom of essay, as a firm increases its size. To Buy In Singapore. Economies of small-scale production (as depicted in dom of speech essay, diagram (b)) show that small firms producing at philosophical Q1 are more productively efficient than large firms. This is dom of essay likely to beauty opinion be the dom of essay, situation in personal service industries such as building customised furniture for clients. A range of other issues are also relevant to this question. Firms may grow large in order to exploit the monopoly power that large size often gives to firms. The firms may benefit from monopoly profit, but their consumers suffer from unnecessarily high prices, restricted choice and papers austin general consumer exploitation.

The large profit and market power that large firms often enjoy may be used to finance innovation and the benefits of dynamic efficiency which, if passed on to consumers, means that they also benefit. On the other hand, this might not happen; large firms may simply enjoy an easy life, content with a degree of X-inefficiency (unnecessary costs of production). In conclusion, the essay, answer to the question depends on the assumptions made about whether economies of scale are possible, the motives of firms, and the extent to which they can exploit monopoly power to the detriment of canavan disease research paper, consumers. It is useful to divide large firms with monopoly power into those that are fully unified and technically integrated firms and those that are not. A fully unified or technically integrated firm is one that grows because it organises production in a productively efficient way in order to reduce average costs and dom of increase profits. If monopoly power results, it is paper in singapore almost by accident. Providing it ‘behaves itself’ when large size gives it monopoly power, the firm, consumers and the public interest all benefit.

By contrast, if a firm grows (usually by takeover rather than through organic growth), its main motive may be to exploit consumers. Clearly such firms are not ‘best’. The mark scheme for the second part of an essay question is ‘level of skill based’. Having read the whole answer, the dom of, examiner places the answer in one of five levels. These are: • Level 1 — very weak Level 2 — weak with some understanding • Level 3 — reasonable including some correct analysis but very limited evaluation • Level 4 — good analysis but limited evaluation or reasonable analysis and reasonable evaluation • Level 5 — good analysis and good evaluation This answer has been awarded a mark at the top of level 4 in the AQA mark scheme. The levels descriptors in the mark scheme are used for the second parts of nj resume, all essay questions (and also all part 03 and 06 context data response questions at dom of speech A2).

The level 4 descriptor is: A2 |AO1 Knowledge and |AO2 Application of paper, theories,|AO3 Analysis of economic |AO4 Evaluation of economic | |Levels mark scheme |understanding of theories, |concepts and terminology |problems and issues |arguments and evidence, | | |concepts and terminology | | |making informed judgements | |Level 4 |Good throughout the answer |Good application to issues |Relevant and precise with a |Limited but showing some | |17–21 marks |with few errors and |Where appropriate, good use |clear and logical chain of |appreciation of speech essay, alternative | |(mid-point 19) |weaknesses |of data to relevant coursework resume support answer |reasoning |points of dom of essay, view | | | | |There is good awareness of | | |Good analysis but limited | | |the interrelatedness of | | |evaluation | |Some good application to |economic issues | | | | |issues |Largely relevant and disease research well |Reasonable, showing an | |or |Good throughout much of the |Where appropriate, some good|organised with reasonable |appreciation of alternative | |Reasonable analysis and |answer with few errors and |use of data to support |logic and coherence |points of view | |reasonable evaluation |weaknesses |answer |There is some awareness of | | | | | |the interrelatedness of speech essay, | | | | | |economic issues | | The answer displays both good analysis and good evaluation, but does not quite reach level 5. Although analysis of economies and diseconomies of scale is excellent, the analysis on monopoly is canavan too thin, based on assertion rather than rigorous development and essay application of economic theory. Nj Resume. Hence the answer is placed at the top of level 4 rather than level 5. Topic 2 Competitive markets 1It is impossible for human beings to possess perfect information about what is speech essay happening in a market. With the possible exceptions of in singapore, currency and dom of share markets, it is unrealistic to relevant engineering assume that all goods and services are identical, uniform or homogeneous. 2Motorists can research similar car models in dom of speech, trade magazines and on the internet to get a picture of the price of essay computer addiction, cars depending on age, mileage, condition and availability. 3Whenever marginal revenue exceeds marginal cost (MR gt; MC), selling an extra unit of output always increases total profit. The extra unit adds more to revenue than it does to costs. But whenever marginal revenue is less than marginal cost (MR lt; MC), selling an extra unit of output always reduces total profit. The extra unit adds more to costs than it does to revenue. Dom Of Essay. It follows that only when marginal revenue equals marginal costs (MR = MC) are profits maximised.

Normal profit is the level of profit made by a firm that provides just sufficient incentive to stay in writers, the market. As a profit level, it is not high enough to attract new firms into the industry to compete with existing firms, or low enough to force firms out of the market. Supernormal profit is excess profit over and above normal profit. If there are no significant barriers to market entry, supernormal profit will attract new firms to enter the market and dom of speech compete for customers. This should drive prices down until surviving firms make normal profit only. 5When the relevant engineering resume, price of a good is greater than the dom of speech essay, marginal cost of production, the result is essay allocative inefficiency because the dom of essay, price charged by firms will be greater than the cost of making the last unit. This indicates that the firm is disease research over-charging consumers. Hence not enough of the good is demanded and society’s scarce resources are not properly allocated between competing uses. Dom Of. Allocative inefficiency occurs when P gt; MC or P lt; MC.

For any given employment of resources and opinion essay any initial distribution of income and wealth among the dom of, population, total consumer welfare can increase if resources are re-allocated from markets where P lt; MC into those where P gt; MC, until allocative efficiency is achieved when P = MC in all markets. 6Price competition occurs when firms seek to reduce costs and gain customers by offering products at the lowest possible price. By offering the relevant engineering resume, good at a low price they hope to create an speech essay, incentive for opinion, the consumer to buy the product. Quality competition is when a firm seeks to dom of speech essay sell a product to consumers on the grounds that it is superior quality when compared to rival products. In this case the firm’s product may be more expensive than rival goods but the where to buy rice, firm’s business strategy aims to attract consumers by offering better quality, whether this be in design, materials, service and/or build quality. 7The internet breaks down geographical frontiers, which enables buyers and sellers to engage in dom of speech, national and international markets. This has made some markets bigger and helped fulfil the assumption that there are a large number of buyers and engineering resume sellers.

Internet search engines and comparisons have allowed both business and consumers to move closer to the perfect information assumption. Consumers can more easily compare prices and this has helped to increase competition, although human decision making is still bounded by limited time and constraints on the level of detail that comparison websites provide. Exam-style answers (essay) 01Perfect competition is a market that meets all the six conditions that define the market structure. These are: (i) a very large number of buyers and sellers; (ii) each with perfect market information; (iii) each able to buy or sell as much as it wishes at the ruling market price determined in he market as a whole; (iv) individual buyers and sellers unable to influence the ruling market price through their own actions; (v) a uniform or identical product; and (vi) an dom of speech, absence of barriers to entry into and exit from the market in the long run, i. e. complete freedom of entry and exit. A barrier to entry prevents new firms from entering a market. Taken together, these conditions tell us that a perfectly competitive firm, whose AR and MR curves are depicted in panel (a) of the effect essay, diagram below, faces a perfectly elastic demand curve for its product. The demand curve facing the firm is located at the ruling market price, P1, which itself is determined through the interaction of market demand and market supply in the market as a whole, which is illustrated in panel (b) of the diagram. [pic] The assumption that a perfectly competitive firm can sell whatever quantity it wishes at speech essay the ruling market price P1, but that it cannot influence the ruling market price by its own action, means that the firm is a passive price-taker.

Condition (iii) of the conditions of perfect competition tells us that a perfectly competitive firm can sell as much as it wishes at the market’s ruling price. But, given that it can sell as much as it desires at the market’s ruling price, how much will it actually wish to produce and sell? Providing we assume that each firm’s business objective is philosophical papers solely to maximise profit, the essay, answer is shown in panel (a) of the next diagram: [pic] Panel (a) in the diagram above adds the perfectly competitive firm’s average total cost (ATC) curve and its marginal cost (MC) curve to the revenue curves shown in the earlier diagram. Engineering Resume. Point A in panel (a) (at which MR = MC) locates the profit-maximising level of output Q1. Dom Of. At this level of output, total sales revenue is shown by the area OQ1AP1. Total cost is coursework engineering resume shown by essay the area OQ1BC1. Supernormal profits (measured by essay computer subtracting the total cost rectangle from the total revenue rectangle) are shown by the shaded area C1BAP1. Referring back again to dom of essay the list of the conditions of perfect competition, we can see that although firms cannot enter or leave the market in the short run, they can do so in the long run (condition (vi)). Suppose that in the short run, firms make supernormal profit.

In this situation, the effect computer addiction, ruling market price signals to firms outside the market that an incentive exists for dom of, new firms to enter the market. The next diagram shows what might then happen: [pic] Initially, too many new firms enter the market, causing the supply curve to shift to the right to beauty opinion essay S2 in panel (b) of the diagram. This causes the price line to fall to speech essay P2, which lies below each firm’s ATC curve. When this happens, firms make a loss (or subnormal profit). But just as supernormal profit creates the incentive for to buy rice, new firms to enter the market, subnormal profit provides the incentive for marginal firms to leave the market. In panel (b) the dom of speech essay, market supply curve shifts to the left and effect essay the market price rises. Eventually, long-run equilibrium occurs when firms make normal profit only. For the speech, market as a whole, this is shown at output Q/// and price P3.

This answer is similar to the answer written for the Topic 1 exam-style essay question in that it includes more than enough coverage of issues to earn all the available 15 marks. Where To Buy Rice Paper. The candidate starts the answer with a list of the conditions of perfect competition. Dom Of Speech. Weak answers frequently go no further than this. Cause Effect Essay Computer Addiction. However this answer uses the conditions as prompts for speech essay, developing the analysis required of a good answer to this question. Further good points are devoting more or less equal space to both the whole market and to one firm within the market, and to the use of relevant and accurate diagrams to illustrate the analysis. The maximum 15 marks are awarded. 02In economics the word ‘efficiency’ has several meanings. For example: Technical efficiency.

A production process is technically efficient if it maximises the output produced from the available inputs or factors of production. Productive efficiency or cost efficiency. To achieve productive efficiency, a firm must use the techniques and factors of production that are available, at lowest possible cost per unit of coursework engineering resume, output. In the short run, the lowest point on the relevant short-run average total cost curve locates the most productively efficient level of output for the particular scale of operation. X-efficiency. This occurs when a firm has eliminated all unnecessary costs of production, which means that it must be producing on and not above its average cost curve. Allocative efficiency.

This occurs when it is impossible to improve overall economic welfare by reallocating resources between industries or markets (assuming an speech, initial ‘fairness’ in writers, the distribution of income and dom of speech wealth among the population). Philosophical Austin. For resource allocation in the whole economy to be allocatively efficient, price must equal marginal cost (P = MC) in speech, each and every market in the economy. Philosophical Papers Austin. Dynamic efficiency. All the forms of efficiency mentioned above are examples of static efficiency, i. e. efficiency measured at dom of speech a particular point in time. Cause Essay Addiction. By contrast, dynamic efficiency measures improvements in dom of essay, technical and productive efficiency that occur over coursework resume, time. Improvements in dynamic efficiency result from the introduction of speech, better methods of producing existing products (including firms’ ability to benefit to a greater extent from economies of scale), and philosophical austin also from developing and marketing completely new products.

The diagram below shows that a perfectly competitive firm achieves both productive and allocative efficiency in dom of speech essay, the long run, but only under the assumption that there are no economies of scale. The firm is productively efficient because it produces the optimum output at the lowest point on where rice paper, the ATC curve, and it is allocatively efficient because P = MC. In long run or true equilibrium, a perfectly competitive firm must also be X-efficient. The reason is dom of speech simple. If the firm is X-inefficient, producing at a level of unit costs above its ATC curve, in the long run the firm could not make normal profits. Beauty Opinion Essay. In a perfectly competitive market, to survive and make normal profits, a firm has to eliminate organisational slack or X-inefficiency. [pic] The first sentence in the previous paragraph asserted that perfect competition is efficient provided there are no economies of scale.

Consider now a situation, shown in the final diagram below, in which the market is too small to allow a large number of dom of speech essay, firms each to achieve all the economies of scale that are possible. [pic] For a firm to benefit from economies of scale to the full, and hence to be productively efficient in the long run as well as in nj resume writers, the short run, its short-run cost curve would have to be positioned at SRATCN, or indeed further to the right than this. The problem is that the market is too small to allow both full economies of scale and the large number of firms required for perfect competition to dom of speech be achieved. Beauty. Long-run productive efficiency requires a monopoly market structure (natural monopoly). By contrast, perfect competition requires each of a very large number of dom of speech essay, firms to be producing on a short-run average cost curve such as SRATC1. On such a curve, the perfectly competitive firm is indeed productively efficient in the sense that it achieves short-run productive efficiency, but it is producing way below the level of relevant, output that is essay productively efficient in the long run when scale economies are benefited from to the full. In conclusion, a perfectly competitive firm can be efficient when judged against the criteria of relevant engineering, productive, X, and dom of allocative efficiency, but only in the short run. Unlike a monopoly, a perfectly competitive firm cannot achieve long-run productive efficiency through the relevant engineering resume, pursuit of economies of scale. Finally there is dom of another argument, so far not considered, which may mean that perfectly competitive firms fail to produce the allocatively efficient level of output. Resume. True allocative efficiency requires that the price charged for a good by a firm should equal the marginal social cost of production and dom of not the marginal private cost incurred by nj resume the firm, i. e. P = MSC and dom of not P = MPC.

This means that when externalities, negative or positive, are generated in the course of production, a perfectly competitive firm will not produce an allocatively efficient level of philosophical, output. Nor will the whole market. This is clearly a level 5 answer which earns full marks. The level descriptors for level 5 are: A2 |AO1 Knowledge and |AO2 Application of theories,|AO3 Analysis of economic |AO4 Evaluation of economic | |Levels mark scheme |understanding of theories, |concepts and speech essay terminology |problems and issues |arguments and evidence, | | |concepts and terminology | | |making informed judgements | |Level 5 |Good throughout the where rice, answer |Good application to issues |Relevant and precise with a |Good with a clear final | |22–25 marks |with few errors and |Where appropriate, good use |clear and essay logical chain of |judgement | |(mid-point 24) |weaknesses |of data to support answer |reasoning | | | | | |There is good awareness of | | |Good analysis and philosophical good | | |the interrelatedness of | | |evaluation | | |economic issues | | The question focuses solely on efficiency criteria and not on welfare criteria, namely the consumer surplus members of households enjoy in perfectly competitive markets. Pleasingly, the answer starts with relevant definitions but while a couple of speech essay, marks are available for definitions, this list is really too long. Note that the concept of nj resume writers, X-efficiency is not in the Unit 3 specification, though good answers frequently make use of the concept. Topic 3 Concentrated markets Water companies such as Thames Water are pure monopolies in the supply of tap water since their customers have no other companies from which they can buy tap water. Dom Of. The supermarket industry is oligopolistic because over 90% of market share is controlled by four large firms. 2The John Lewis Partnership is a firm that has grown primarily through organic growth.

Halifax Bank of Scotland (HBOS), which is now owned by the Lloyds Banking Group, is a firm that primarily grew through takeover and merger. 3British Gas and Thames Water. Natural monopoly occurs when there is austin only room in the market for one firm benefiting to dom of essay the full from economies of scale. In the past, utility industries such as water, gas, electricity and the telephone industries were regarded as natural monopolies. Because of the nature of their product, utility industries experience a particular marketing problem. The industries produce a service that is delivered through a distribution network or grid of pipes and cables into millions of separate businesses and homes. Competition in the provision of distribution grids is extremely wasteful, since it requires the rice paper, duplication of fixed capacity, therefore causing each supplier to incur unnecessarily high fixed costs.

Until quite recently, utility industries were generally monopolies. High barriers to entry prevent new firms from entering the dom of speech, market and competing for profits with the monopoly. Barriers to entry will often take the form of high sunk costs, i. e. billions of pounds of capital investment which enable the firm to cause essay computer operate at the bottom of the long-run average cost (LRAC) curve. Essay. Monopoly firms can also be protected by legal restrictions imposed by the government. Relevant Coursework Engineering. For many decades, but no longer today, the speech, Royal Mail enjoyed a privileged position in the delivery of mail.

Patent and copyright law protects intellectual property rights. 5A cartel or price ring is an rice, informal agreement between firms in a market to keep prices artificially high. This allows firms to exert monopoly power through collusion and make supernormal profits by overcharging consumers. This allows poorly managed and inefficient firms to continue to make profits and deprives consumers of the lower prices that could be offered by more efficient firms that have more innovative production methods and are less wasteful. Under UK, EU and dom of essay US law, cartels are often illegal and can be punished with large fines and, in the USA, by imprisonment of company directors. Essay Computer Addiction. Cartels can, however, provide benefits to the public.

If a cartel can protect firms from the pressures of competition and allow firms to invest in research and dom of speech essay development to relevant invent new products, it can be extremely beneficial to essay the public. Large pharmaceutical companies, for example, have argued that pricing agreements have allowed them to raise finance to canavan research paper invest in expensive scientific research and drug development which they could not do if they were constantly fighting aggressive price wars with rivals. 6Cartels are usually illegal because their behaviour results in higher prices for consumers and they allow members of the cartel to operate inefficiently. Speech Essay. In the case of the philosophical papers, cement industry cartel broken up by the European Union competition authorities, firms were able to charge customers artificially high prices for cement, which pushed up the costs of production for the construction and building industry. This meant that government contractors had to spend more of essay, their taxpayers’ money to purchase cement for investment projects such as school buildings, hospitals and roads. Private sector companies also had to pass on higher prices to businesses and households, which depleted levels of household disposable income and reduced households’ ability to opinion essay spend on other goods and services. Most cartel members benefited significantly from the supernormal profits they made. Managers and the owners of the dom of speech essay, businesses would have benefited, but not the general public. Furthermore, the supernormal profit did not encourage managers to look for efficiency savings, invent new products or innovate new production methods. As a result, prices remained high as consumers paid too much for products. These market distortions resulted in consumers facing wrong prices signals, which in relevant coursework resume, turn led to a misallocation of dom of essay, scarce resources.

7In the original ‘prisoner’s dilemma’, two prisoners are jointly charged with a serious crime such as armed robbery and are held in isolation from each other. The prosecutor, hoping to have his task simplified, knows that a confession from one will convict the other, but he also knows that the available evidence is insufficient to ensure a conviction. If both prisoners plead not guilty, they are likely to go free. Hoping to ensure two guilty pleas, the prosecutor visits each prisoner in his cell and offers a deal. The prosecutor informs each prisoner that he will receive one of two possible outcomes, depending on how he pleads: (i) if both prisoners plead guilty, each will go to prison for one year; and (ii) if one prisoner pleads guilty and rice the other not guilty, the dom of speech, prisoner pleading guilty will be freed and receive a reward — if he gives evidence to convict the other prisoner — whilst the other prisoner gets a five-year jail sentence.

Each prisoner faces the dilemma that if he pleads not guilty but the other prisoner pleads guilty and cause effect computer addiction shops him, he will get the worse possible outcome, namely being banged up for five years. Shuddering at this possibility, both prisoners plead guilty and get the second best outcome: one year in jail. However, the best outcome for each prisoner, namely going free and possibly earning a reward, is not achieved. The prisoner’s dilemma scenario can be used to model the behaviour of competitive duopolists, for example those in the arms industry. A British and a French company are competing to secure an arms deal to sell a billion pounds’ worth of weapons to speech essay Iraq. By paying bribes of $100 million to government ministers in canavan research, Iraq, the British company believes it will get the whole deal. However, earning ? 1 billion depends on the actions of the French company, the only other likely supplier of the dom of speech, arms. If both companies bribe Iraqi ministers, the deal is likely to philosophical be shared between the two suppliers. Speech. The British company’s profits will then be much less than if it alone pays bribes and gets all the business. The chief executive officer of the British company thinks it a pity to pay out $100 million, but if they did not and the French company did, the French would get all the business and philosophical papers the UK company would make zero profit. In the absence of collusion, there are two strategies available to each firm: (a)Pay the bribe, while the other firm does not bribe.

Outcome: (i)for the dom of speech essay, firm paying the bribe: a net income of $900 million (ii)for the firm refusing to philosophical papers bribe: nothing (b)Both pay the bribe. Outcome: The sale is shared: each firm nets $400 million. To avoid losing all the business and making zero profit, both rivals decide to pay the bribe. In this scenario, paying the bribe is each firm’s dominant strategy, i. e. the speech essay, strategy to be pursued whatever rival firms do. Paying the bribe makes the British company better off, whatever the French do, and vice versa. 8When natural barriers to cause effect computer addiction market entry are low or non-existent, incumbent firms (i. e. firms already in dom of, the market) may set low prices, known as limit prices, to deter new firms from entering the market. Incumbent firms do this because they fear increased competition and loss of market power. With limit pricing, firms already in the market sacrifice short-run profit maximisation in order to maximise long-run profits, achieved through deterring the entry of new firms. By contrast, predatory pricing occurs when a firm cuts the price of its product to a loss-making level in order to force a rival firm out of business. This strategy is normally used by large firms that can subsidise losses using profits from another part of relevant engineering, their business empire to force smaller rivals out of the market. 9Firms undertake price discrimination in order to maximise profits.

This arises when different customers have different elasticities of dom of essay, demand at beauty essay different prices. Dom Of Essay. If one customer has a highly inelastic demand and another an elastic demand, the firm will be able to sell them the same product but at different prices. Train companies will typically price discriminate by charging different fares to different customers and beauty also varying the essay, price of a ticket at different times of the day to send price signals and create incentives and austin disincentives to travel. Price discrimination occurs when firms charge different prices to dom of different customers based on differences in the customers’ ability and willingness to disease research pay. Those customers who are prepared to pay more are charged a higher price than those who are only dom of, willing to pay a lower price. Price discrimination allows firms to increase profit by where rice taking consumer surplus away from consumers and converting it into extra monopoly profit or supernormal profit. Providing the increase in sales revenue resulting from price discrimination is greater than the extra costs incurred when charging different prices to different customers, it is in firms’ interest to indulge in this form of pricing.

10The gamer’s consumer surplus is ? 0, being the difference between the maximum price he was prepared to pay and the actual price he paid. The store owner’s producer surplus is ? 2, being the speech, difference between the lowest price he was prepared to accept and the actual price paid. 11Expensive capital equipment and sunk costs, and patent and copyright laws. 12A patent is the legal protection given to an inventor or producer which grants exclusive rights to a product for up to 20 years. This legal protection allows firms to make supernormal profits because they are effectively monopoly producers. Relevant Coursework Engineering. Patent protection creates a strong incentive for firms to invent new products and create new technologies or pharmaceutical products which significantly improve social welfare.

Thus patent protection drives dynamic efficiency. Invention and new product design frequently require high levels of research and development which burden firms with significant sunk costs and risk bankruptcy if the dom of, new product fails. Hence the incentive of making supernormal profits over a 20-year period encourages firms to invent, seek dynamic efficiencies and take risks. Essay. Exam-style answers (data response) Competition and monopoly in the EU airline industry 01Air France enjoys a domestic market share of 80%, whereas the domestic market share of Flybe is just under 30%. There is dom of thus a difference of just over 50% between the domestic market shares of the two airlines. A significant feature of the data is that only one airline, SAS, leads the domestic market in more than one country. SAS’s market share in Norway is about 43% while its market share in Sweden is where to buy rice paper in singapore about 37%. The first part of the context data response question in ECON 3 and in dom of, ECON4 will usually be in two parts. The first part requires a calculation (often a percentage calculation). The second part asks for identification of nj resume, one other significant point of comparison, or in this question where there is only one data series in speech, Extract A, one other significant feature of the data.

Some future exam papers may revert to asking for two significant points of comparison (or features), without a preliminary calculation. For this question, the answer picks up 3 marks for the calculation and 3 marks for identifying a significant feature in the data, constrained to the maximum mark of 5 available for the question. 02The term ‘monopoly power’ does not mean quite the philosophical, same thing as monopoly. Dom Of Essay. Whereas pure monopoly occurs when there is only one firm in the market, monopoly power exists even when pure monopoly does not. The term applies to a situation in which firms within the market possess the power to reduce output, raise the price, and make supernormal profit. By using strategies such as product design, brand imaging, persuasive advertising and protecting themselves through patents, firms can exercise a degree of monopoly power even when there are many firms in the market. Although Air France is not a pure monopoly in the French market, it may be a monopoly for flights between particular airports. In any case, even when not a pure monopoly, Air France possesses a large amount of disease research paper, monopoly power which it may choose to exercise.

As the diagram below shows, on routes where its monopoly power is complete, it may hike up the dom of speech, price it charges to P2, compared to essay a competitive market price of P1. It does this by restricting the number of flights to F2, compared to F1, which would be the number of flights if the market were perfectly competitive. [pic] In the latter case, market equilibrium would be determined at point A on dom of, the diagram. But when Air France acts as a pure monopoly, point B (where MR = MC) determines the level of output, with Air France then able to charge a price of P2. Air France could also use its monopoly power in other ways. The airline could indulge in price discrimination, charging higher prices to customers who are prepared to pay more for canavan disease research, a flight. Alternatively, and presumably requiring the support of the French government, Air France might charge limit prices or even predatory prices. A limit price is essay a price set deliberately low to discourage competitor airlines from entering the market.

A predatory price is set even lower, below average costs, with the intention of driving rival airlines that have dared to enter the market, out of the papers, market. However, perhaps the main way Air France might exercise its monopoly power is by gaining control of landing and take-off slots at French airports, to make it uneconomic or impossible for rivals to dom of use the airports. As with the first part of context data response question, in ECON 3 and in ECON4 the second part of the canavan research paper, question divides into two parts. The first part (worth 4 marks) asks candidates to explain the meaning of an economic term (in this case ‘monopoly power’). The follow-on part (worth 6 marks) tests the more demanding skill of economic analysis. An answer is essay constrained to a maximum of 6 marks if only the explanation or analysis is attempted. This answer is more than sufficient to earn all 10 marks. In fact, the candidate is in danger of spending too much time on an 02 question, which would leave too little time to develop an answer to the last part of the question. Coursework Engineering. 03A cartel is a collusive agreement by speech essay firms, usually to fix prices. Sometimes output may also be fixed.

In the diagram below, five firms jointly agree to beauty charge a price to dom of keep firm E, which is the least efficient firm, in the market. Disease Research. In a competitive market, firm E would have to reduce costs or go out of business. Cartel agreements therefore enable inefficient firms to stay in business, while other more efficient members of the price ring enjoy supernormal or monopoly profit. By protecting the inefficient and enabling firms to enjoy an easy life protected from speech essay, competition, cartels display the disadvantages of monopoly (high prices and restriction of choice) without the benefits that monopoly can sometimes bring, namely economies of writers, scale and improvements in dynamic efficiency. Although cartels can achieve a better outcome for all firms concerned, they are not likely to speech be good for the consumer.

For this reason, cartel agreements are usually illegal and writers judged by dom of speech governments as being anti-competitive and against the public interest. Nevertheless, some forms of cooperation or collusion between oligopolistic firms may be justifiable and in the public interest. These include joint product development and canavan disease research paper cooperation to improve health and safety within the industry, or to ensure that product and labour standards are maintained. Such examples of industry collaboration are normally deemed to speech essay be good, in contrast to price collusion, which is regarded as bad. [pic] Currently, within the relevant engineering, European Union, cartels are usually deemed to be illegal, both by dom of national competition authorities such as the Competition Commission in the UK, and by EU competition policy. In both national and EU competition policy, a cartel agreement is treated as an anti-competitive trading restrictive practice, collectively undertaken by rice paper in singapore the member firms of the cartel. Within the UK, the Office of Fair Trading (OFT) can refer collective restrictive agreements and practices to a court of law, the Restrictive Practice Court (RPC). Speech. Arguably, policy towards collective restrictive practices is more effective than other aspects of disease research paper, competition policy because a court enforces the policy. A firm that ignores an RPC ruling may be found guilty of contempt and fined. Nevertheless, the punishments that the RPC can hand out dom of speech are quite weak — usually a fine of just a few thousand pounds.

Restrictive trading practice policy would be much more effective if fines of millions rather than thousands of pounds were imposed, and if the authorities were given more power to detect secretive collusive agreements. European Union competition policy, including policy aimed at cartels, is based on the principle of subsidiarity. This principle means that EU policy is activated only when firms operating within the EU adversely affect or distort trade between EU member states. Where In Singapore. Thus a cartel agreement between a number of (probably small) UK companies, operating solely within the dom of speech, UK and not competing with firms from other EU countries, would not attract the cause essay computer, attention of the EU Competition Commissioner, who is in charge of EU competition policy. In practice, EU and speech national competition authorities complement each other and should not be regarded as alternatives. It is also the case that the EU Competition Commissioner imposes heavier fines and more draconian punishments on firms found to philosophical papers be operating anti-competitive cartel agreements, than do strictly national competition authorities. This is evidenced by the case study in Extract C in the question. The case study reported that the EU fined 11 national airlines about ˆ800 million for fixing the price of dom of speech essay, air cargo between 1999 and 2006. To Buy In Singapore. British Airways was fined ˆ104 million, Air France-KLM ˆ340 million and speech Cargolux Airlines ˆ79.

9 million. The case study also draws attention to the fact that because cartel agreements are usually hidden, they are often exposed by a dissatisfied member of the cartel ‘blowing the whistle’ on other cartel members. Whistle blowers usually get off scot-free (to incentivise whistle blowing in other, as yet unexposed, cartels). Meanwhile, the other cartel members are heavily punished. In conclusion, therefore, I take issue with the word ‘solely’ in the question. National and rice EU policy should reinforce each other and be treated as complements, rather than as substitute policy options. Perhaps a little harshly, this answer is dom of speech essay placed at the top of level 4 (17–21 marks) rather than in level 5. The evaluation is certainly good enough for level 5. However, the analysis is on disease paper, the thin side. To ensure a level 5 mark, the candidate could have included theory (for example the theory of joint profit maximisation) to analyse how price rings can allow all the speech, colluding firms to enjoy monopoly profit. Often the final part of disease research paper, a data-response question or an essay question contains a word such as must, always, inevitably, or in this case solely. Dom Of Speech. Good candidates (such as this one) pick up on these words, arguing (in this case) that EU and UK competition authorities should complement each other and not be seen as alternatives to each other. This is good evaluation.

Topic 4 The labour market 1When households increase demand for goods and services, firms respond by to buy in singapore employing more labour to increase production. Workers are demanded, not for the utility or pleasure their employment gives to employers, but because their labour is necessary for profits to be made when the goods or services that workers help to produce are sold. Perfect competition in the labour market is both similar to, and different from, perfect competition in the goods market. In both markets, the ruling market price is set in the market as a whole through the interaction of all the economic agents operating in the market. However, in a labour market, the ruling market price is in fact the ruling market wage, paid by firms and received by workers. This difference illustrates role reversal in the two sets of markets. Households, which are the source of demand in the goods market, are the source of supply of labour in the labour market. Similarly, firms, which are the source of dom of, supply in the goods market, are the source of demand (a derived demand) in the labour market.

As a result of role reversal, the ruling market price facing each firm in the goods market is its perfectly elastic demand curve for labour, and also the AR and MR curve facing each firm. By contrast, the ruling market wage facing each employer in the labour market is a perfectly elastic supply curve of labour, and also the average cost of labour (ACL) curve and the marginal cost of labour (MCL) curve facing each employer. 3Transport for London (TFL) bargains collectively with ASLEF, the nj resume writers, train drivers’ union, and with RMT, the National Union of Rail, Maritime and essay Transport Workers. The energy company EDF also bargains collectively with its workers’ unions. In 1999, the national minimum wage (NMW) came into force in the UK at a rate of ? 3. 60 an hour for workers aged 22 and over. The current rates (from 1 October 2012) are: ? 6. 19, the main rate for workers aged 21 and essay over; ? 4. 98, the 18–20 rate; ? 3. 68, the 16–17 rate for workers above school leaving age but under 18; ? 2. 65, the apprentice rate, for apprentices under 19 or 19 or over and in the first year of their apprenticeship. 5(i)Income is an economic flow; it is the payments received by an individual or household in a given time period. Wealth is an economic stock; it is the accumulated assets, property and savings owned by an individual or household over time. ii)Welfare benefits are payments transferred to an individual or household by the government via the taxation and social security system, without labour or a factor service being supplied. Earned income is payments received by an individual or household in exchange for labour or interest on saving or the rent of an asset. Exam-style answers (essay) 01Income is a flow while wealth is a stock.

Personal wealth is the stock, or historical accumulation, of everything people own, which has value. By contrast, income is the flow of money received hourly, weekly, monthly or annually, some of which (the part saved) can add to or enlarge personal wealth. This is one of the links between income and dom of essay wealth. Nj Resume. A second link operates in the opposite direction: the wealthier people are, the more investment income they are likely to earn, which adds to their total income. Indeed, the rich benefit from a virtuous circle: wealth increases income, which allows the wealthy to save, and saving adds to wealth, and so on. By contrast, many of the poor suffer a vicious circle: low income means the dom of speech, poor have to papers austin borrow, borrowing adds to personal debt, income is then spent on debt repayment, consumption falls, and any wealth the poor possess disappears. As in other countries, income and wealth have always been unequally distributed in the UK. Even when economic growth creates full employment, the incomes of the rich tend to increase faster than those of the dom of speech essay, poor. Three of the philosophical papers, main causes of inequalities in the distribution of income and wealth in the UK are old age, unemployment, and the low wages of many of those in work.

Old age causes income inequality (and also poverty) largely because many old people rely on the state pension and lack a private pension. Before the early 1980s, the state pension rose each year in line with average earnings. This meant that pensioners, albeit from a lower base, shared in the increase in national prosperity delivered by economic growth and higher real earnings. However, since the early 1980s, the state pension rose first in line with the retail prices index (RPI) (and latterly in line with the speech, consumer prices index (CPI)), rather than with average earnings. This has kept the real value or purchasing power of the state pension at or near its early-1980s level, while the real earnings of those in work have continued to rise. Pensioners reliant solely on the state for a source of income have especially suffered.

The state pension is now regarded very much as a ‘poverty income’. Even though the state pension is index-linked to the CPI, its real value has fallen because the cost of beauty opinion, living of the elderly rises by speech essay more than any increase in the CPI. Unemployment benefits are also now linked to the CPI and, for papers austin, similar reasons as apply to the state pension, have fallen behind average earnings. Until quite recently, even if unemployment remained the same, increases in essay, the incomes of the relevant engineering resume, unemployed generally fell below increases in the incomes of those in work. However, since 2008, unemployment has risen rapidly and stands above two and a half million. This means that more people suffer from low incomes (just as people living longer adds to dom of the number of pensioners on philosophical papers austin, low incomes). (Before moving on to explain how low wages increase income inequalities, it should be stated that recent events have partially offset the conclusions drawn in the previous paragraphs. Since 2009, the wages and salaries of much of the UK population in work have hardly changed at essay all, but the state pension and unemployment benefits have risen by rather more, albeit from a lower starting point. At the same time, because of a series of crises in private pension provision, many people approaching retirement age who had been looking forward to receiving substantial private pensions are now expecting much lower private pensions. Opinion. ) Moving on to low pay as a cause of widening income differentials, an important factor has been the disappearance of middle-ranking jobs in the private sector. An example is in engineering, where skilled jobs have simply disappeared. Many of these jobs have moved overseas, leaving a vacuum in the British labour market.

There is now a worrying gap between low-skilled, low-paid jobs (so called McJobs) at the bottom of the pile, and highly-paid jobs in industries such as investment banking where the rate of pay has risen astronomically in recent years, in both real and nominal terms. This answer scores 14 out of the 15 marks available. It earns the two marks available for definitions. (Because definitions pick up marks, it is always a good idea to speech essay provide two relevant definitions in the answer to relevant the first part of an essay question, or to the second part of a context data-response question). The candidate lists and dom of then explains three causes of income inequality. Relevant Coursework. The effects of old age and essay unemployment are explained well. Beauty. The final explanation of the effect of low wages is dom of speech essay sound but a little thin.

It would have benefited from graphical analysis, showing for example that the widening difference between high and low wages is relevant coursework engineering partially caused by different demand and supply conditions in essay, different labour markets: [pic] 2A tax is progressive if, as income rises, a greater proportion of income is paid in tax. A transfer is the payment of income by the state to a benefit recipient, without the person involved providing any labour in exchange for the income received. Canavan Disease Paper. It is of course possible for the government to use progressive taxation to narrow the dom of essay, gap between pre-tax and post-tax income, without redistributing income. The tax revenue could for example be spent on tanks and disease guns. It is also possible for the tax revenue raised from progressive taxation to be given back to dom of the better-off, for example through subsidies given to already-rich farmers or by giving gentrification grants to people on high incomes to spend on improving their houses. However, usually when we think of progressive taxation and transfers, the implicit assumption is that the rich are taxed more than the poor and that much of the tax revenue is transferred and nj resume given as welfare benefits to the poor. There is no doubt that progressive taxation and transfers provide an obvious way to reduce inequalities in the distribution of income and wealth. Before 1979, UK governments of all political complexions used progressive taxation and a policy of transfers of income to dom of essay the less well-off, in a deliberate attempt — with some success — to reduce inequalities in cause effect essay addiction, the distribution of income. However, there is speech essay a major problem involved if only progressive taxation and opinion essay transfers are used with this aim in mind.

The reason for this relates to the conflict between two of the principles or canons of taxation: equity and efficiency. Equity means that a tax system should be fair, although, of course, there may be different and possibly conflicting interpretations of what is essay fair or equitable. Specifically, a particular tax should be based on the taxpayer’s ability to pay. This principle is nj resume one of the justifications of speech, progressive taxation, since the rich have a greater ability to pay than the poor. Efficiency means that a tax should achieve its intended aim or aims with minimum undesired distortion or side-effects. Writers. Arguably, the high income-tax rates that are necessary to make the tax system progressive have an adverse effect on personal incentives. In particular, they may reduce the incentives to work harder, to be entrepreneurial and to take financial risks.

Free-market and supply-side economists believe these disincentive effects lead to dom of a significant slowing down of the economy’s rate of growth. The economy ends up being more equal, but poorer overall when compared with competitor countries. Supply-side economists believe that greater incentives for nj resume writers, work and dom of essay enterprise are necessary in order to increase the beauty, UK’s growth rate. For free-market economists and politicians, progressive taxation and transfers to the poor mean that people have less incentive to work harder and to engage in entrepreneurial risk. Moreover, the essay, ease with which the poor can claim welfare benefits and the level at which they are available creates a situation in which the poor rationally choose unemployment and state benefits in preference to papers austin low wages and work. In this so-called dependency culture, the unwaged are effectively ‘married to the state’, but some of the poor, obviously not enjoying this marriage, drift into antisocial behaviour, attacking bus shelters and other public property, as well as privately owned property.

Meanwhile, at speech essay the top of the income pyramid, the high marginal rates of taxation, which form a large part of nj resume, progressive taxation, are a disincentive to dom of speech essay the better-off. Cause Effect Essay. They stop working, or work abroad, and many hours are wasted in designing and applying complicated systems of tax avoidance — a paradise for accountants. Tax evasion (the failure to pay legally due taxes) also proliferates, both at the top and bottom of the income pyramid. Illegal tax evasion leads to the growth of the so-called black economy and to activities such as smuggling. Supply-side economists believe that tax and benefit cuts, which are the opposite of progressive taxation and transfers, alter the dom of, labour/leisure choice in favour of supplying labour, particularly for disease paper, benefit claimants who lack the skills necessary for speech essay, high-paid jobs. Disease Research Paper. They also believe that to make everyone eventually better-off, the poor must first be made worse off. Increased inequality is necessary to dom of facilitate economic growth from which all would eventually benefit. Beauty. Through a ‘trickle down’ effect, the poor would end up better off in absolute terms, but because inequalities had widened, they would still be relatively worse off compared with the rich.

Needless to say, by no means all economists agree with this extremely pro-free market analysis. However, virtually all agree that progressive taxation and transfers should not solely be used to narrow income differentials. Dom Of Essay. Apart from the essay addiction, pro-free market view just summarised, some economists believe that other forms of intervention in the free market are necessary. One of these is the national minimum wage, which in recent years has marginally raised low pay rates. They also argue that governments should extend the provision of speech, merit goods such as free state education and healthcare, in order to improve the social wage of lower-income groups. The social wage is effect computer addiction that part of a worker’s standard of living received as goods and services provided at zero price or as ‘income in kind’ by the state, being financed collectively out of taxation. However, such interventionist policies incur a significant opportunity cost. They lead to high taxation, with the disincentive effect this brings about, and they may also lead to adverse unintended consequences and to other aspects of government failure. It is important to read the speech, question carefully.

This question does not ask for a discussion of whether the distribution of income should be made more equal. Unfortunately, the beauty essay, answer deflects a little too much in this direction. Nevertheless, it is still valid to argue that progressive taxation and transfers should not solely be used to reduce inequalities, because of the essay, disadvantages and unintended consequences of beauty opinion, these two fiscal policy instruments. The answer scores 19 out of a possible 25 and has been placed at mid-level 4. To achieve level 5, there should have been more focus on the actual set question and more discussion and analysis of policies such as a national minimum wage, for example discussing whether such policies should be better viewed as alternatives or complementary to progressive taxation and transfers. No marks are awarded for definitions in essay, answers to the final parts of essay and context data-response questions. Nevertheless, it is beauty essay still a good idea to dom of speech essay define key concepts at the beginning of the answer as this acts as a good launching pad for developing the subsequent analysis and evaluation. Topic 5 Government intervention in the market A public good has three characteristics: it is non-excludable, non-diminishable (non-rival) and non-rejectable. Philosophical. These characteristics mean that (if it is a pure public good — see answer to dom of speech essay question 2) it cannot be provided by writers the market mechanism. Dom Of. A merit good is provided by the market mechanism and it has the relevant resume, characteristics of a private good. It is excludable, diminishable (rival) and rejectable. A merit good, however, is often undervalued by households and thus under-consumed when provided at a market price by the free market.

There are two reasons for this. First, consumers do not value the essay, positive externalities that result from consumption which benefit other people. Second, consumers typically suffer from an information problem which causes them to ignore or undervalue the benefits of relevant coursework resume, consumption which will be enjoyed in the future. 2Public goods can be divided into pure public goods and non-pure public goods. Speech Essay. National defence and police are examples of pure public goods — defined as public goods for which it is impossible to exclude ‘free-riders’. However, most public goods (street lighting, roads, television and radio programmes and also lighthouses) are really non-pure public goods (also known as quasi-public goods). Methods can be devised for converting the goods into private goods by excluding ‘free-riders’ (for example, electronic pricing of essay, road use). Non-pure public goods can be provided by dom of speech essay markets, but the second property of non-rivalry or non-diminishability means there is a case for providing all public goods free in nj resume, order to encourage as much consumption as possible.

For public goods, the optimal level of consumption occurs when they are available free of charge. 3For a merit good, the long-term private benefit of consumption exceeds the short-term private benefit of consumption. Essay. However, when deciding how much to consume, individuals take account of short-term costs and benefits, but ignore or undervalue the long-term private cost and benefit. Preventative dentistry provides a good example. Many people ignore the long-term benefit of dental check-ups, and decide, because of the short-term unpleasantness of the experience, not to consume the service. Unfortunately, these people can nd up later in life with rotten teeth or gum disease, saying: ‘If only I had visited the dentist more often when I was younger’. Likewise, school children who undervalue the rice paper in singapore, long-term private benefit of dom of speech, education say later in life: ‘If only cause effect computer addiction, I had worked harder at school, I would now have a better, more enjoyable job with more pay. ’ 4Property rights in a market-based economy stem from the notion that an individual owns land or a good and can exclude other members of dom of speech essay, society from entering the land or using the good, unless they are willing to pay for the privilege. Research Paper. 5Regulatory capture is the dom of essay, notion that a firm can exert undue influence over a government agency charged with regulating the writers, market in which it operates. This can take the form of excessive hospitality, persistent lobbying, aggressive pressure backed up with litigation and, in essay, the extreme, bribery.

This results in the regulator becoming either too friendly or too scared of the firm to fairly regulate its conduct in the marketplace; hence the term ‘regulatory capture’. 6A cartel is generally illegal because it is an anti-competitive trading restrictive practice which protects inefficient firms, raises costs and philosophical austin discourages improvements in dynamic efficiency. Dom Of Essay. As a result of the principle of subsidiarity, UK and EU competition authorities work together. EU policy over-arches UK policy when an rice paper, EU-wide dimension is involved in relation to monopolies, mergers and trading restrictive practices. If the issue is speech strictly national, relating only to the UK, the EU leaves policy implementation to the UK competition authorities. See also the answer to nj resume Topic 3 essay question 03 on pages 15–16 of these answers. 7In 2008 and 2009 many banks in many countries, including the UK, were close to collapse. Some banks did collapse, such as Lehman Brothers in the USA. Banks faced the danger of possible collapse as a result of an unexpected fall in the value of their assets, stemming from the credit crunch and the sub-prime mortgage problem, which particularly affected US banks. Speech Essay. The assets owned by the banks were now much less than their liabilities.

Banks make money by lending out much greater sums than they receive as deposits from customers. Providing customers with deposits in a bank believe that their deposits are safe and can be paid back on demand, the bank is almost completely safe, with a minimal chance of it collapsing. However, in 2008 and where rice paper in singapore 2009, customers began to withdraw their deposits from banks, leading to a fear of dom of speech, a run on the banks, followed by effect computer addiction possible bank collapse. With many industries, government ministers nowadays take the view that failing businesses should be allowed to collapse. However, this is not generally their view with regard to banks. Dom Of Speech Essay. Politicians fear a domino effect in which the collapse of one bank leads to a string of collapses in other banks. This fear, let alone actual collapse, can have a devastating effect on confidence in the economy, which may in turn lead to writers a collapse in essay, aggregate demand and the creation of recessionary conditions.

Government ministers also realise the philosophical papers austin, crucial role of banks in providing liquidity to speech essay both households and firms. When the banking system froze in 2007–08, firms found they were unable to nj resume borrow from banks. As a result, the cash supply to dom of essay perfectly well-run firms dried up and some of philosophical austin, them went out of business. Dom Of Essay. All this helps to explain why the British government bought up a majority shareholding in the Northern Rock bank, RBS and HBOS, to enable these banks to continue trading. It was hoped that state ownership would secure the supply of loans both to business customers and to disease research mortgagees, though this hope was only partially met. At the time of effective nationalisation, the UK government stated that the nationalised banks would be returned to the private sector as soon as possible. Part of the dom of, Northern Rock bank — the so-called ‘good bank’ but not the ‘bad bank’ element which is still state-owned — has been returned to the private sector, rebranded as a part of Virgin Money. 8As the disease paper, answer to question 7 mentions, part of the Northern Rock bank (which had been nationalised in 2008) was privatised in 2011. Many years earlier, British Telecommunications (BT), previously a nationalised firm since it was hived off from the Royal Mail, was privatised when the business was converted into a public limited company (PLC) whose shares were sold to the general public in three tranches, in 1984, 1991 and 1993.

An example of deregulation was a change in the law to allow building societies to dom of essay compete with banks when granting loans to customers. 9In terms of income, equality means that everyone receives exactly the same income. Equity relates to whether the distribution of income between different people is philosophical papers austin fair or just. Equality is thus a positive concept, since people’s incomes can be measured to see if they are exactly equal. Equity, by contrast, is normative since it depends on people’s value judgements as to what is fair or just. 0In the poverty trap, also known as the earnings trap, low-waged people who pay income tax and national insurance contributions (NICs) to the government and who lose welfare benefits, become trapped in relative poverty when their wages rise. The unemployment trap is closely related to the poverty trap, since both affect the poor and result from the nature of the tax and benefit systems. But people caught in speech, the unemployment trap are out of work — at least in terms of engineering resume, officially declared employment.

The unemployment trap contains un-waged social security claimants who ‘choose’ unemployment because they are better off out of work, living on benefits, than in low-paid jobs paying income tax and NICs and losing some or all of their right to claim means-tested benefits. 1Fuel poverty is defined as existing among households who spend more than 10% of speech, their income on fuel. In July 2011, the UK government reported that more than a fifth of all households in the UK were affected by fuel poverty in 2009. Engineering. Higher fuel bills meant the number of speech essay, homes affected rose by one million, or 22%, to 5. 5 million, according to the Department of Energy and cause effect essay computer Climate Change. Exam-style answers (data response) The impact of climate change on the UK economy 01Asian countries emitted 0. 9 billion tonnes of carbon pollutants in 1990. This is forecast to rise to dom of essay 5. 1 billion tonnes in 2050, an increase of canavan disease, 4. 2 billion tonnes. This is a forecast increase of 467%. One significant feature of the data is that, after 2010, the carbon emissions of emerging market countries is expected to continue to rise, whereas the rate of increase of the emissions of richer advanced countries (OECD countries) is dom of speech expected to slow down (flatten), though not to fall. After 2010, the carbon emissions of non-Asian emerging market countries are expected to rise from about 1 billion tonnes to about 2. 7 billion tonnes.

OECD emissions are expected to rise from about 3. 5 billion tonnes to about 3. 7 billion tonnes over philosophical papers, the same period. Although this is an excellent answer, earning all 5 of the available marks, it is worth reminding you of circumstances in which candidates drop marks unnecessarily when answering this type of question. First, candidates often fail to read the data carefully and end up quoting numbers that are too far different from those in the Extract. Second, even when the numbers quoted are accurate, candidates fail to include units of measurement (billion tonnes for both parts of this question, and a % sign for the % change in dom of, the first part of the answer). Third, in philosophical, the answer to the second part of the question, it is vital to select a significant feature of the data rather than an insignificant feature. 02A public good, such as national defence, possesses the dom of, twin characteristics of non-excludability and non-rivalry. Non-excludability means that if the good is provided to one person it is provided to all.

It is canavan research impossible to exclude free-riders, i. e. eople who get the speech, benefits without paying for the public good. Non-rivalry means that when one person benefits from the good, it does not reduce the quantity of the cause, good available for other people. The gases and pollutants that are emitted into dom of speech, the atmosphere and lead to global warming are both externalities and a form of public ‘bad’. (A public ‘bad’ is the opposite of a public good. People are generally prepared to pay for the removal of a ‘bad’, to beauty essay avoid the unpleasantness otherwise experienced. But in the case of public ‘bads’, such as rubbish or garbage, payment can be avoided by dom of essay dumping the disease research, ‘bad’ in a public place, or on someone else’s property. Because of speech, this, polluting gases are also externalities discharged in the course of production and consumption, for example by power stations and motorists. The unwilling victims of global warming cannot opt out of being adversely affected by effect addiction the pollutants and they cannot charge a price which the polluter must pay for the emissions discharged into the atmosphere. Essay. Taxation and regulation can in principle reduce that rate at which global warming is taking place. However, as Extract B explains, the nj resume, emission of global-warming gases is speech essay different from the emission of many other negative externalities, for example traffic congestion. Relevant Coursework Engineering Resume. In the first place, the emission is international.

No one country acting on its own can prevent other countries from continuing to emit gases. In the second place, the problem is historical. Speech Essay. The atmosphere is continuing to warm up as a result of emissions which have occurred in the past, indeed since the beginning of the industrial revolution about two centuries ago. It may be impossible to stop continuing global warming simply by ending any further gas emissions, because pollutants already in the atmosphere will continue to contribute to global warming. And with the rapid growth of the world’s population, it is probably impossible to keep emissions at their current level, let alone to reduce or to stop them.

This is a well-balanced answer, easily earning maximum marks — 4 marks for the snappy explanation of the meaning of a public good and 6 marks for the subsequent analysis of the relevant coursework, issue posed by dom of the question. Nj Resume. It is speech essay important to cause effect computer remember that only the final parts of dom of speech, context data-response questions and essay questions test the philosophical austin, skill of evaluation. Evaluation is not required in the answers to speech essay earlier sections of the questions, including this part. Do not be misled by the word whether, which you may think implies that answers should include some evaluation. This is not the case. 03Extract C lists a number of papers, benefits and costs that the UK economy may experience in future years as a result of continuing climate change. The first of speech essay, these is flash flooding. This will exclusively have adverse effects, for example the destruction of property, agricultural land, crops and where in singapore animals, and the loss of human life.

The second is essay a decrease in heating bills. If this occurs it will benefit every UK household, though as Extract C states, the benefits are likely to be offset by the increased use of disease, energy to provide the power for air-conditioning systems which will grow in use if the climate becomes stiflingly hot in speech essay, summer. Cause Effect Essay Addiction. The extract goes on to mention that ‘with fossil fuels becoming scarcer, the need to find more environmentally friendly methods of producing energy, such as solar, wind and water power, or geothermal energy, will become ever more pressing’. It is possible to take issue with this prediction, on the ground that it is now out of date. In one important way, fossil fuels are not becoming scarcer. Vast quantities of shale gas lie beneath the earth’s crust and the technology now exists to extract and use this quite recently discovered source of dom of, fossil fuel. Methane extracted from shale gas may soon be used in place of the diminishing conventional supplies of natural gas. Shale gas can be extracted at an economic cost, and it will be used for home-heating, to replace petrol and diesel fuel, and for philosophical papers austin, the provision of electricity. But is this a benefit or a cost?

It is certainly a benefit in that it will enable economic growth to continue and standards of living to rise throughout the world. But it must always be remembered that shale gas is a fossil fuel. Its use will allow global warming to continue, perhaps at an even faster rate than currently or in the past, with all the speech, possible adverse effects on economies and on human life that have been predicted. Its growing use may also help to bankrupt renewable energy industries, particularly wind energy. If this is so, shale gas will bring to beauty essay a stop, or at least slow down, attempts to reduce dependency on fossil fuels. Essay. Air temperature rising by beauty opinion 5°C may spell disaster for human-kind and life as we know it on planet earth. Extract C mentions a number of other ways in which climate change may have an impact on the UK economy. These include the decline of ski resorts in dom of, Scotland, the growth of hotel resorts in the south of the UK, and the effects on clothing sales, everyday food purchases, the construction industry, the types of crops grown in the UK, agricultural methods of production, and on how water is used and stored. Philosophical Papers Austin. However, in my view, all of these are relatively innocuous and are changes to which efficient markets, backed up by sensible government policy, can adapt. In conclusion, at dom of the risk of being extremely pessimistic, I wish to return to the argument made in the previous paragraph.

Again in my view, the costs which the UK economy (and indeed most other world economies) may experience in future years as a result of continuing climate change are likely to be far greater, at least in the long run, than any likely benefits. Global warming will almost certainly increase air temperatures to a level at which human life as we have known it cannot continue. It may shift ocean currents in beauty, the North Atlantic so as to make the dom of speech essay, UK climate significantly colder, despite warming elsewhere in the world. Water shortages, if not occurring in the UK, may lead to where to buy paper in singapore attempted mass migration of people from poor to rich countries and to wars which destroy economic activity as countries fight over dom of, water and other resources and fight against inward migration of people trying to escape growing poverty and beauty opinion seeking a better life for speech, themselves. The UK is likely to suffer directly or indirectly from all these results of beauty opinion essay, climate change. This answer scores 16 out of 25 marks and is placed at the top of level 3 (10–16 marks). Although the candidate evaluates throughout the answer, and also in a concluding paragraph, the force of the evaluation is weakened because evaluation is not preceded by strong enough analysis.

The analysis should have focused on diagrams showing the negative and positive externalities produced by global warming. Essay. The candidate draws on the prompts in coursework engineering, the Extracts, but fails to analyse the implications of the prompts sufficiently. The answer veers on the side of being too superficial. Essay. Nevertheless, it is sufficiently sound to merit the top of level 3 and could possibly creep into where to buy rice paper in singapore, the bottom of level 4. The grade descriptor for level 3 is: A2 |AO1 Knowledge and |AO2 Application of theories,|AO3 Analysis of economic |AO4 Evaluation of economic | |Levels mark scheme |understanding of theories, |concepts and terminology |problems and issues |arguments and evidence, | | |concepts and dom of speech terminology | | |making informed judgements | |Level 3 |Satisfactory but some |Reasonable application to opinion |Reasonably clear but may not|Superficial, perhaps with | |10–16 marks |weaknesses shown |issues |be fully developed and is |some attempt to consider | |(mid-point 13) | |Where appropriate, |perhaps confused in places |both sides of the issue(s) | | | |reasonable use of data to |with a few errors present | | |Reasonable including some | |support answer |The answer is quite well | | |correct analysis but very | | |organised with some logical | | |limited evaluation | | |development | |

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Freedom of Speech essays

Impact of Media and Social media on speech, youth Essay. 1 Explore the impact of media and of social media present with today’s youth by beauty essay, providing thoroughly supported detail, and well-documented conclusions. Social media has become an essential part for today’s younger generation. Social media websites such as Facebook, Twitter, My space, Instagram has positive effect on dom of essay, youth but equally it has negative effects as well. The social media websites has effected youth in a way that it is considered to be a great source for professionals. They can be used as a source to start a new business or any profession. For example if a friend is nj resume looking to get hired for a job and speech he posted a status on his profile, so any other friend who know any job related to him, he can send him couple of messages on his profile and that’s how it benefit people. They are many other positive aspects of these social networking websites. It may help in strengthening the relationships between the young generations.

There are lots of people who don’t see their friends for so long. These social websites are a way where they can be connected again. They can connect with the friends no matter they are how long away from them. It has reduced distances. Just by one click and there you go. Send friend request, on the other end your friend will accept it and start chatting. Social networking sites has helped people in connecting people who are too far away and with whom it is impossible to where meet personally, and keeping them informed about your life and the events happening in your life (Johnson et al, 2002). There are negative impacts of social media on youth as well. One of the negative impacts is cyber bullying, which is very common now a days on internet. This is commonly occurs on the sites of dom of essay social media.

Cyber bulling is basically an electronic base communication to tyrant a person, most often by cause essay computer addiction, sending threatening messages. There are also videos on social networking websites that shows violence, these videos could lead to affect the behavior of teens. By watching violence they became more aggressive, their behavior with their family changes and their minds become assertive, this could ultimately affect their living in the society. Speech. Another negative impact of beauty opinion essay social networking sites on speech essay, younger generation is that these sites don’t have strict privacy, many of the personal information has been shared publically. Many of the youth don’t know about the privacy policy of any blog and canavan they don’t actually know that this information will be disclosed to the other persons like advertisements. While as sharing of the personal information like photos and places, teenagers feels safe to share this stuff on social media site and they don’t worry while sharing this stuff on facebook publically.

According to a questionnaire conducted on the privacy of social media websites, 21 percent of the teenagers believed that it is dom of speech safe to share your personal information like photos on facebook to public. Opinion. When people who use these websites for taking photos of teenagers and use them for illegal causes without knowing any disclaimers, so personal information of the teenagers seems to dom of speech be exposed. This is considered to be a very serious matter because of the increasing rates of cyber crimes like theft of identity of disease paper a person. Once you have been a victim of this cyber crime, then there is nothing effective you can do. The best possible way for the avoidance of this theft is that never put your personal information publically on social networking websites. This is a very serious issue and many of the speech, teenagers especially girls has been a victim.

This has badly affected their image. Social networking websites can be very suspicious to your computer as well through a process used by hackers known as social engineering. What happen is, a hacker hacks one of your friend’s account or may make a fake account using the name of your friend send you a friend request, you accept the request knowing that he is your friend, after that they send you a link in a private chat. When you click on that link you are gone, either your account password has been emailed to that person or you system has been affected by many scams and viruses. Impact of Media. In today’s world media has become stronger as ever. Television is the major source for the impact of media. It has positive effect, but on today’s younger generation, their positive impacts have been minimized as compared to their negative impacts. The positive impact of the cause essay addiction, media is that it provides information to speech youth.

Television can be act as a teacher for the youth. Watching programs that gives good lessons of kindness, racial harmony and cooperation has affected very positively on youth. Similarly some of the programs aired on television encourage libraries, zoo visits, visit to bookstores, visit to relevant coursework museum and dom of speech many other refreshing places, and also videos that hold educational purpose can proved to be strong pro-social devices of teachings. Another positive effect is the good advertisements, which can affect the children’s behavior in a positive way. For example, any alcohol company launched their advertisement on television. They spend 10% of their total budget on the damages caused by the usage of alcohol, which includes danger in driving as well. The stage of development of child has played a vital role in effect of advertisements. According to a survey, average child watches almost 20 thousand advertisements per in singapore, year.

Over 60 percent advertisements promote candy, sugared cereals, toys and fatty foods. Programs based on cartoons toy products are very attractive for the children. Watching television can put negative impact on youth. The negative impacts are as follows. Alcohol and Smoking.

Number of programs that consist of violence has been increased in the recent time. According to speech an average a child watches round about 12,000 acts of essay violence in television programs annually, including many cases of extortion, rape and murder. Around 1000 articles based on this study confirm that display of increased doses in the violation of television made aggressive behavior especially in boys. Other studies show that publicity of suicides on newspaper and dom of essay television has increased the risk of suicide by a huge factor. Television is the reason for papers, the lack of play and activities related to speech exercise which are essential for the growth of a child. Paper. Children who waste their time on watching excessive television programs are not fit physically and like to essay take junk food and snacks that gives high energy. Spending much time on watching television may lead to obesity.

Watching advertisement that promotes junk food has affected nutritious died of research a person. Advertisements based on healthy food consist of only 4 percent of the total advertisements shown when a child is watching television. Spending number of hours on watching television programs is directly proportional to speech essay the increased number of cholesterol in a child. It may also result in eating disorders especially in girls of teenage. Eating while, viewing television programs, may lead to canavan disease research paper meaningless communication and poor habits of eating. The programs on televisions have become a top most educator regarding sex. Between the year 1976 to 1996, the interactions that has been sexual, increased by 270 percent. Television plays a big role in revealing the sexual behaviors in children by exhibiting that they are risk free and ordinary. Essay. Sex between the couple who are unmarried has been displayed 24 times greater than it has been shown between the married couples, while the infections caused by sex and the unwanted pregnancy have been mentioned rarely.

Alcohol and smoking. According to a survey, teenagers view 1000 to 2000 commercials promoting bears and depicting a message that real people drink it. This data shows that number of to buy advertising beer is directly proportional to the increased number of beer consumption. Basically television is not the only way through which a child knows about drinking beer, the main point is that it doesn’t show the consequences it can produced. Speech Essay. More than one half of the animated movies shows use of computer addiction bear and tobacco normally, without showing the consequences it can produced if used excessively (Beresin and Eugene, 2009).

2. Compares and contrasts various ways of preventing a selected risk factor from developing into an issue that would require treatment or intervention, by providing thoroughly supported detail, and well-documented reasoning for conclusions. Speech Essay. The risk factor that has been chosen for the analysis is relevant ‘Effect of dom of speech essay violence in media on children’. There are two approaches that lead to the reduction of effects caused by violent media (Murray and John, 2008). Limiting the ways of accessing and use of violent media. It has been found by the researchers that by limiting the philosophical austin, use of media, which includes watching television and playing video games, can result in the reduction of aggressive behavior in children. As many of the children’s involved in the activities of media at their home, so parents plays a big role by limiting the boundaries of excessive watching television programs and playing of video games by keeping an eye on the watching habits of child and also by monitoring what kind of and dom of speech up to which extent they consume media. Nj Resume. Parents should give lessons to their children at their developing stages that they should not watch violent programs, and any content that ultimately leads to the violence. In the year 1996 an act of telecommunication has been passed, whose focus was to provide assistance to the parents or the caretakers of the child in decreasing the child’s focus onto violent media. There has been the dom of essay, introduction of the rating systems through which parents could rate any specific program.

If the coursework engineering, rating has not been good that program will ultimately lead to its end. It has also the option of restricting some channel that includes the violent content. So parents were able to dom of filter the opinion essay, specific television channels that exhibit violence and also the filter of abusive language. This could ultimately provide a parental control on child consuming the media. Creating Media knowledge in Youth and Parents. The second technique used for the reduction of violent media is the knowledge of media through proper training. Parents and the children should be taught to speech assess media and create techniques in a way that may result in the reduction of violence. They should be taught a lesson, so they may able to where paper in singapore find out the speech, difference between the imaginary and real world. By knowing the outcome of violence shown on media in where real life, and appraise the essay, thinking of relevant producers in the creation of a media product, explaining the nonviolent behavior in place of violent behaviors.

After getting the training lessons, still many of the dom of speech essay, people don’t know about the function of blocking channels and content and for those who knows, they don’t bother to use this function. The training of giving knowledge about the media consist of Foundation known as Just think foundation, which emphasizes on children by conveying programs based on beauty opinion, education and that can be adjusted after the essay, school or even between the opinion essay, school timings. Essay. The center for the knowledge of media offers training of canavan paper knowledge related to media for parents, teachers and dom of speech community through activities and exercising. 3. Evaluates the various system supports that will be involved in preventing the selected risk factor, by opinion essay, providing thoroughly supported detail, and well-documented reasoning for conclusions Youth have been affected badly by the violence on media. The age ranges from 12 to 17 years, there is more probability of them to be a victim of violence as compared to the adults, and three times more chance of getting into the victim of attack. There is another cause that leads to the death of people who have ages between 15 to speech 24 years. According to a survey the rate of people who have been a rape victim, sexual attack and robbery are below the age of opinion 25 than any of other groups of age (Bushman et al, 2001). Violence has many types which includes emotional, sexual, verbal or physical violence. Dom Of Speech. In each of papers its form, it has been committed mostly by the person who is a relative of the victim that includes its family member and friends.

Following are the support systems for the prevention of violence media on youth. Promotion of a helping and safe atmosphere at home. By increasing the number of dom of essay parents or caretakers who have nonviolent children, confirming the restriction of promoting alcohol or any other drug by parents or caretakers. Proper training lessons should be conducted and help desk should be created for the facilitation of families who has been a victim of violence and also about the advantages of different ways that restrict media violation. Work with the opinion, training centers that works for the prevention of violence There should be awareness campaign for the prevention of programs that promote violent.

Parents should work with the schools and helped with for this cause, in this way they will learn and on the same time teach this education to others as well. Forbid students for watching the dom of speech, violent programs at where to buy their early age and tell them the risks that possibly could occur as a result of watching these violent programs. Manage the society in a way that it will minimize risks and maximize protection Technically connect with the programs that work on the development of youth. There should be availability of every opportunity that supports in making healthy relationships. Proper campaigns should be launched which describes the awareness among the youth about the damages caused the use of alcohol.

Manage the best practices systems in dom of speech order to reduce violence and to address civil condition Introduction of new policies should made that should meet the initial needs of a family like residence, income, nutrition, food and cause effect essay addiction childcare. Training of the essay, individuals so that they may able to find and give response to opinion the violence on media. One thing must be checked that are your surroundings which includes your neighbors are safe. Promotion of an attractive package of the preventive services regarding health for younger generation age ranges from dom of 11 to essay 21. Provide food and shelter for the people who don’t have their own homes. These are the dom of, ways through which violence on media can be prevented. If a person wants society free from this violation, he should follow these steps in order to develop a better society (Robinson et al, 2001). 4. Categorizes the roles of each system in preventing the selected risk factor, by providing thoroughly supported detail, and well-documented conclusions. Roles of each system.

Promotion of a helping and safe atmosphere at beauty home. This system for preventing the risk of violence shown on media helps in guiding the parents about treating their children related to violence that is shown on media and social media. This system encourages the secure atmosphere at homes of children so that they cannot learn bad things from media. Work with the training centers that works for the prevention of dom of speech essay violence The role of this system is to tell about the importance of cause essay different centers of training through which people can learn about preventing violence. People can learn about the advantage of these training centers related to violence and can prevent this is speech future. Manage the society in a way that it will minimize risks and maximize protection The main role of to buy rice in singapore this system for preventing violence is to dom of speech essay manage the paper in singapore, society in a way that can reduce the level of risks and increase the level of protection. Media channels and social media should be given lessons through which they can learn that what to show on media and what to not. Manage the best practices systems in order to essay reduce violence and to austin address civil condition The role of dom of speech essay this system is to manage the practices that are best for the system for reducing violence in society and for addressing the condition in civil. Johnson Jeffrey G., Patricia Cohen, Elizabeth M. Smailes, Stephanie Kasen, and Judith S. Brook. (2002). “Television viewing and aggressive behavior during adolescence and adulthood.” Science295(5564):2468-2471. Beresin, Eugene V. (2009). Canavan. “The Impact of Media Violence on Children and Adolescents: Opportunities for Clinical Interventions.” American Academy of dom of speech Child Adolescents Psychiatry. [Available Online]

http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/developmentor/the_impact_of_media_violence_on_chi ldren_and_adolescents_opportunities_for_clinical_interventions (Retrieved on 29 Oct 2014) Murray, John P. Nj Resume Writers. (2008). “Media Violence: The Effects Are Both Real and Strong.” American Behavioral Scientist 51(8):1212-1230. Bushman, Brad J., and L. Rowell Huesmann. (2001). Essay. Effects of Televised Violence on Aggression. In: Singer DG, Singer JL, eds.

Handbook of Children and the Media. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Robinson, Thomas N., Marta L. Wilde, Lisa C. Navracruz, K. Farish Haydel, and Ann Varady. (2001). “Effects of cause effect essay addiction reducing children’s television and video game use on aggressive behavior: a randomized controlled trial.” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 155:17-23. Federal Communications Commission. In the matter of speech essay violent television programming and its impact on children: statement of Commissioner Deborah Taylor Tate. MB docket No. Canavan Research. 04-261 [Available online] http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-07-50A5.pdf [Retrieved on speech essay, 29 Oct 2014] University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter.

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