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Literature/ Morrie's Aphorisms term paper 16399. Using Morrie's Aphorisms as Teaching Tools. No bubble is so iridescent or floats longer than that blown by the successful teacher. Sir William Osler (1849-1919), 4 Oct. 1911, Glasgow (quoted in: Harvey Cushing, Life of barney resume Sir William Osler, vol. 2, ch.
31, 1925). Mitch Albom wrote Tuesday’s with Morrie as a final tribute to his old college professor, Morrie Schwartz, who intended that his death should be his final thesis. Grim and fascinating, Professor Schwartz’s courage in the face of a painful death is truly inspiring. The lucidity and wisdom which Professor Schwartz gained over the years became increasingly pronounced and focused as he contemplated his life and imminent death, as well as his place in the Cosmos while his frail body melted away through A.L.S. (Lou Gehrig's disease). This paper will discuss five of Professor Schwartz aphorisms (or proverbs), which would facilitate learning in subject- specific -and other educational venues. Research Papers On Assessment Quality. The Meaning of resume Life. “So many people walk around with a meaningless life. Reflective Essay You Should. They seem half-asleep, even when they’re busy doing things they think are important.
This is because they’re chasing the wrong things. The way you get meaning into barney frank, your life is devote yourself to loving others, devote yourself to your community around you, and devote yourself to creating something that gives you purpose and meaning.” (emphasis added) (p. 43) Professor Schwartz’s analysis of the meaning of life is particularly appropriate for teaching philosophical views and sociological concepts. Essay. Since time immemorial, man has contemplated why he is on the Earth and what his place is in the ‘Greater Scheme of Things’. While students rush through the educational process in a pinball-like attempt to learn what they need to barney thrive and survive, they frequently overlook those aspects of their education, which are the depression most important. When people become self-actualized, as Professor Schwartz did, they are better able to view humanity from a broader angle. This better view of mankind involves a commitment to barney others and to the community in which one lives, but it is more elemental than that.
Material possessions, according to the professor, mean little when you are lying on your deathbed. What is truly important is that an individual’s life is given meaning and purpose by the degree to which that individual has served and loved others. Admittedly, Professor Schwartz had the wisdom of essay years and the insight provided by decades of resume philosophical research; however, the quest for the meaning of life is xen scholarship essay a universal aspect of mankind and finding the right answer is like finding the Holy Grail -- many have looked but few have seen. Barney. Therefore, Professor Schwartz’s thought process concerning devoting oneself to xen scholarship essay loving others and their community is particularly appropriate in a philosophical and sociological learning environment. A better learning experience could be gained by a requirement that all college students perform a certain number of hours of service to the community: painting and repairing low-income housing, or volunteering at nursing homes or veteran centers, for example. Barney Frank Resume. This giving back to the community would reinforce Professor Schwartz’s view that we are all part of the human family and we gain meaning in our lives through service to others. An activity using this aphorism in the classroom was completed by my sixth grade Literature class at Greenwich Catholic School. On Importance Of Discipline And Good. The grade decided to express the ‘true meaning’ of Christmas by bypassing the holiday gift giving and donating their gifts to barney resume a local charity of the children’s choice. Then, each child wrote an essay on the ‘true meaning’ of Christmas and related their experience to the activity performed. This truly put Morrie’s proverb to work.
Faith and Trust. Language Resume. “You see,” he says to barney the girl, “you closed your eyes. That was the difference. Sometimes you cannot believe what you see; you have to believe what you feel. And if you are ever going to have other people trust you, you must feel that you can trust them, too -- even when you’re in the dark. Even when you’re falling.” (p. 61) There is an old saying concerning trust and great depression, faith: Fake it till you make it. This means that trust and faith can be learned. Trusting others is more difficult for some people than others. Resume. Trust, then, is the basis for all human endeavors, which involve others, since we must accept on faith that people will act in certain ways in order to live our daily lives.
For example, in a learning environment, trust is the basis for the effective transmission of knowledge from language resume teacher to student. Moreover, it is the essence of living in a civilized society, for, if we cannot trust the driver approaching us in the other lane to not swerve and hit us head-on. Barney Frank. If we do not trust the essays great police to resume uphold the law, there is anarchy; if we do not trust our spouses to language resume be faithful, there is infidelity; if we do not trust our teachers when they teach, there is ignorance. Therefore, the application of this aphorism would be appropriate in practically any classroom setting, but particularly appropriate in a philosophical environment in which universal truths are discussed. More specifically, encouraging students to trust each other (which does not, of barney resume course, mean to essay naively accept everything people tell you) will enhance their ability to barney frank learn and to interact with their peers, their family members and society in general.
An activity that could enforce this trust would involve partners. One person would stand directly behind the essay of discipline and good manners other and support their partner’s weight. Then, they would let their partner fall backward with the promise they will catch their partner before he/she hits the floor. This would provide a difficulty for the partners and would reinforce the fact that it is imperative to trust others in all situations. Learn How To Die So You Can Learn How To Live. “The truth is Mitch,” he says, “once you learn how to barney frank resume die, you learn how to reflective essay live.” (Emphasis added) (p.
82). A scene in Remarche's All Quiet on resume, the Western Front described a grizzled old sergeant advising his men that they might as well consider themselves as already dead. This motivated the troop to language resume find the courage required to continue to frank fight. While Professor Schwartz was not saying to history on the great depression consider oneself already dead, he was saying that by accepting the nature of life and barney resume, its ultimate conclusion, you are then able to make the most of life. Dreams, which may well go unrealized, are achieved when you realize that life is short and ultimately precious. If you let society dictate your dreams, those are the dreams you will die with. About Working. From a motivational standpoint in frank resume, a learning environment, this aphorism is exceptional since it will encourage students to research papers move beyond the barney frank resume institutional structures, which press heavily on civilized societies.
From an woolf's essay working women, educational standpoint, learning how to die so you can learn how to live would be applicable in classroom discussions. For example, let’s examine the problems associated with aging and coping with loss. When people are able to accept their own mortality, they are then able to make the most of their lives by realizing their ambitions, trying new things and taking chances they would not have otherwise. In a classroom setting, taking chances and trying new things are what it is all about: rote learning will not provide an individual with the insight needed to achieve all that may be possible. An example of an activity that could be used in the classroom is a creative writing project. You tell the students to go home and get a list of things from an adult (preferably a parent) that did not exist thirty years ago. Then, the students can make a list of things that they use all the time. The students can group ideas from each list and write an essay on barney frank resume, the similarities of their parents and themselves. This activity can point out the changing of time and the mortality of life. Additionally, it will improve the student’s writing skills through drawing inferences and making conclusions. Xen Scholarship Essay. “Here’s what I mean by building your own little subculture,” Morrie said. Barney. “I don’t mean you disregard every role of your community. I don’t go around naked, for example.
I don’t run through red lights. The little things, I can obey. But the big things -- how we think, what we value - those you must choose yourself. Essay. You can’t let anyone -- or any society -- determine those for frank resume you.” (p. 155) Values clearly are the guiding principles of research life and teachers are in a position to barney frank teach them; however, values are accumulated over a lifetime through parental guidance, other family members, and pressure from peers, religious leaders and educators. Furthermore, it is possible for teachers to encourage students to question the validity of the status quo -- to push the limits -- to achieve the unachievable -- by writing you should, recognizing that what other people believe to be important may not be appropriate or even relevant. Teaching students to create a culture of their own, encourages individual values and thought and barney frank, will provide them with the ability to think about things differently and to research papers on assessment of groundwater live their lives based on a solid foundation of personal integrity. Barney Frank. Professor Schwartz insight in this regard would be well suited for educational settings, which require an woolf's essay working, analysis of an individual’s place in barney resume, society and the values associated with various religions. Research. This aphorism can be used in many venues such as History, Philosophy, Sociology and Literature. An activity done by an eighth grade class at my school reinforced Morrie’s aphorism well.
The class studied many different cultures and created list of each culture’s attributes. Next, the students took what they most admired about each culture and created a list of their own. Then, they organized that list into their own personal culture they could live by. Each student created a poster board of their culture’s values and attributes. These students also did an oral presentation describing their new culture to the class.
We’re All Part of the Human Family. Frank Resume. “ I heard a nice little story the other day,” Morrie says. “He closes his eyes for and good manners a moment and I wait. Okay. Resume. The story is about a little wave, bobbing along in the ocean, having a grand old time. He’s enjoying the wind and the fresh air -- until he notices the other waves in front of him, crashing against the shore. My God, this is terrible, the writing reflective essay you should wave says. Look what's going to barney happen to me! Then along comes another wave. It sees the first wave, looking grim, and it says to him, why do you look so sad?
The first wave says, You don't understand! We’re all going to crash! All of us waves are going to on importance and good manners be nothing! Isn’t it terrible? The second wave says, No, you don’t understand. Frank Resume. You’re not a wave, you’re part of the ocean.” (Emphasis added) This Morrie-ism is perhaps the most important lesson contained in Tuesday’s With Morrie. The concept of being part of the ocean reflects Professor Schwartz view of accepting our mortality so we can live more fully. It is actually more fundamental than that -- it means that we accept the fact that although we must die physically, in a spiritual sense, we continue to exist in the hearts and history great, minds of those we knew and barney frank resume, loved. This concept would be an effective adjunct to a course on Maslow's hierarchy of needs. As people gain experience and wisdom, recognition that we are all part of a continuous circle of life is woolf's essay about women achieved and an appreciation for the part we all play in frank resume, the Cosmos is attained.
At the high school level, this aphorism would be effective for Creative Writing, History and language resume, the Sciences. Barney Frank. An activity effectively using this aphorism could be describing to the students the effect of the food chain. As the students build the chain, the essay you should teacher can point out the resume need for all creation, especially the lower species, in language resume, order for more developed species to exist. Another effective activity can be the creation of a ‘family tree’. The student can see the importance of all who exist on a personal level. The aphorisms of barney frank resume Professor Schwartz could be applied to numerous learning environments in which values and humanity are discussed. The insights contained in Tuesdays With Morrie took the professor a lifetime to history on the great depression develop and by communicating them to us, he truly achieved his self-written epitaph of Teacher to the End. One last Morrie-ism which might be extrapolated from the many he provides is Knowledge can be learned but wisdom must be earned. Professor Schwartz certainly earned his knowledge and wisdom.
By devoting his remaining days on Earth to imparting this knowledge to us, he walked the walk instead of just talking the talk. The Columbia Dictionary of barney resume Quotations is on the great licensed from Columbia University Press. Copyright 1993, 1995 by Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. Tuesday’s With Morrie is barney frank published by Doubleday Books. Copyright 1997 by Mitch Albom. Word Count: 2167. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on about, any level under time constraints.
Well-versed in most subjects and frank resume, citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Research On Assessment Of Groundwater. Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and there is no plagiarism of frank resume any kind. Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions. You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the essay working women entire process and will receive the paper by e-mail/download. The projects are never resold and will remain your unique property for a lifetime.
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How Did Economists Get It So Wrong? I. MISTAKING BEAUTY FOR TRUTH. It’s hard to frank believe now, but not long ago economists were congratulating themselves over woolf's essay working women, the success of their field. Those successes — or so they believed — were both theoretical and resume, practical, leading to a golden era for the profession. On the theoretical side, they thought that they had resolved their internal disputes. Thus, in a 2008 paper titled “The State of Macro” (that is, macroeconomics, the language resume, study of big-picture issues like recessions), Olivier Blanchard of M.I.T., now the chief economist at the International Monetary Fund, declared that “the state of macro is good.” The battles of yesteryear, he said, were over, and there had been a “broad convergence of resume vision.” And in the real world, economists believed they had things under control: the essay, “central problem of barney resume depression-prevention has been solved,” declared Robert Lucas of the University of woolf's about women Chicago in his 2003 presidential address to the American Economic Association. In 2004, Ben Bernanke, a former Princeton professor who is now the chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, celebrated the Great Moderation in economic performance over the previous two decades, which he attributed in part to improved economic policy making. Last year, everything came apart.
Few economists saw our current crisis coming, but this predictive failure was the least of the field’s problems. Barney! More important was the language resume, profession’s blindness to the very possibility of catastrophic failures in a market economy. During the golden years, financial economists came to barney believe that markets were inherently stable — indeed, that stocks and other assets were always priced just right. There was nothing in the prevailing models suggesting the possibility of the kind of essay about working collapse that happened last year. Barney Resume! Meanwhile, macroeconomists were divided in their views.
But the main division was between those who insisted that free-market economies never go astray and those who believed that economies may stray now and then but that any major deviations from the research of groundwater, path of prosperity could and would be corrected by the all-powerful Fed. Resume! Neither side was prepared to cope with an economy that went off the rails despite the Fed’s best efforts. And in the wake of the woolf's essay about, crisis, the fault lines in the economics profession have yawned wider than ever. Lucas says the frank, Obama administration’s stimulus plans are “schlock economics,” and his Chicago colleague John Cochrane says they’re based on discredited “fairy tales.” In response, Brad DeLong of the University of California, Berkeley, writes of the “intellectual collapse” of the Chicago School, and I myself have written that comments from Chicago economists are the product of a Dark Age of macroeconomics in language resume, which hard-won knowledge has been forgotten. What happened to the economics profession? And where does it go from resume, here? As I see it, the economics profession went astray because economists, as a group, mistook beauty, clad in about working women, impressive-looking mathematics, for barney, truth. Until the Great Depression, most economists clung to a vision of capitalism as a perfect or nearly perfect system. Language Resume! That vision wasn’t sustainable in the face of frank resume mass unemployment, but as memories of the Depression faded, economists fell back in love with the old, idealized vision of an economy in which rational individuals interact in perfect markets, this time gussied up with fancy equations.
The renewed romance with the idealized market was, to be sure, partly a response to shifting political winds, partly a response to financial incentives. But while sabbaticals at the Hoover Institution and job opportunities on Wall Street are nothing to sneeze at, the central cause of the profession’s failure was the desire for an all-encompassing, intellectually elegant approach that also gave economists a chance to show off their mathematical prowess. Unfortunately, this romanticized and sanitized vision of the on assessment of groundwater, economy led most economists to frank ignore all the things that can go wrong. They turned a blind eye to the limitations of human rationality that often lead to bubbles and busts; to the problems of research of groundwater institutions that run amok; to the imperfections of markets — especially financial markets — that can cause the economy’s operating system to undergo sudden, unpredictable crashes; and to barney frank the dangers created when regulators don’t believe in regulation. It’s much harder to say where the economics profession goes from here. But what’s almost certain is that economists will have to papers on assessment learn to live with messiness. That is, they will have to acknowledge the importance of irrational and often unpredictable behavior, face up to the often idiosyncratic imperfections of markets and accept that an elegant economic “theory of everything” is a long way off. Barney Frank Resume! In practical terms, this will translate into more cautious policy advice — and a reduced willingness to dismantle economic safeguards in the faith that markets will solve all problems. II. FROM SMITH TO KEYNES AND BACK. The birth of research of groundwater economics as a discipline is usually credited to Adam Smith, who published “The Wealth of Nations” in 1776.
Over the next 160 years an extensive body of frank resume economic theory was developed, whose central message was: Trust the market. Yes, economists admitted that there were cases in which markets might fail, of which the most important was the case of research of groundwater quality “externalities” — costs that people impose on resume others without paying the price, like traffic congestion or pollution. But the basic presumption of “neoclassical” economics (named after the late-19th-century theorists who elaborated on the concepts of their “classical” predecessors) was that we should have faith in the market system. This faith was, however, shattered by the Great Depression. Actually, even in the face of total collapse some economists insisted that whatever happens in reflective essay, a market economy must be right: “Depressions are not simply evils,” declared Joseph Schumpeter in 1934 — 1934! They are, he added, “forms of something which has to be done.” But many, and eventually most, economists turned to the insights of John Maynard Keynes for both an explanation of what had happened and a solution to future depressions. Keynes did not, despite what you may have heard, want the frank resume, government to run the research on assessment of groundwater, economy. Frank! He described his analysis in his 1936 masterwork, “The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money,” as “moderately conservative in its implications.” He wanted to fix capitalism, not replace it.
But he did challenge the notion that free-market economies can function without a minder, expressing particular contempt for financial markets, which he viewed as being dominated by short-term speculation with little regard for fundamentals. And he called for active government intervention — printing more money and, if necessary, spending heavily on depression public works — to fight unemployment during slumps. It’s important to understand that Keynes did much more than make bold assertions. “The General Theory” is a work of frank resume profound, deep analysis — analysis that persuaded the best young economists of the day. Yet the story of economics over the past half century is, to of discipline manners a large degree, the story of barney resume a retreat from Keynesianism and a return to neoclassicism. The neoclassical revival was initially led by Milton Friedman of the University of Chicago, who asserted as early as 1953 that neoclassical economics works well enough as a description of the way the economy actually functions to be “both extremely fruitful and deserving of research of groundwater much confidence.” But what about resume depressions? Friedman’s counterattack against Keynes began with the doctrine known as monetarism. Research Of Groundwater! Monetarists didn’t disagree in principle with the barney resume, idea that a market economy needs deliberate stabilization. “We are all Keynesians now,” Friedman once said, although he later claimed he was quoted out of context.
Monetarists asserted, however, that a very limited, circumscribed form of history essays on the depression government intervention — namely, instructing central banks to keep the nation’s money supply, the sum of barney resume cash in circulation and bank deposits, growing on a steady path — is all that’s required to prevent depressions. Famously, Friedman and his collaborator, Anna Schwartz, argued that if the Federal Reserve had done its job properly, the papers of groundwater, Great Depression would not have happened. Later, Friedman made a compelling case against barney frank any deliberate effort by government to push unemployment below its “natural” level (currently thought to be about about 4.8 percent in barney frank resume, the United States): excessively expansionary policies, he predicted, would lead to a combination of inflation and high unemployment — a prediction that was borne out by the stagflation of the 1970s, which greatly advanced the credibility of the essay, anti-Keynesian movement. Eventually, however, the anti-Keynesian counterrevolution went far beyond Friedman’s position, which came to seem relatively moderate compared with what his successors were saying. Among financial economists, Keynes’s disparaging vision of financial markets as a “casino” was replaced by “efficient market” theory, which asserted that financial markets always get asset prices right given the available information. Meanwhile, many macroeconomists completely rejected Keynes’s framework for understanding economic slumps. Some returned to the view of barney resume Schumpeter and other apologists for the Great Depression, viewing recessions as a good thing, part of the economy’s adjustment to change. And even those not willing to go that far argued that any attempt to fight an economic slump would do more harm than good. Not all macroeconomists were willing to go down this road: many became self-described New Keynesians, who continued to research papers on assessment of groundwater believe in barney, an active role for the government.
Yet even they mostly accepted the notion that investors and consumers are rational and history depression, that markets generally get it right. Of course, there were exceptions to these trends: a few economists challenged the assumption of rational behavior, questioned the belief that financial markets can be trusted and pointed to the long history of frank financial crises that had devastating economic consequences. But they were swimming against the tide, unable to make much headway against essay a pervasive and, in retrospect, foolish complacency. In the 1930s, financial markets, for barney resume, obvious reasons, didn’t get much respect. Keynes compared them to “those newspaper competitions in which the competitors have to pick out the six prettiest faces from a hundred photographs, the writing reflective you should, prize being awarded to the competitor whose choice most nearly corresponds to the average preferences of the competitors as a whole; so that each competitor has to barney frank resume pick, not those faces which he himself finds prettiest, but those that he thinks likeliest to catch the fancy of the other competitors.”
And Keynes considered it a very bad idea to writing essay you should let such markets, in barney resume, which speculators spent their time chasing one another’s tails, dictate important business decisions: “When the capital development of about working a country becomes a by-product of the activities of a casino, the job is likely to barney be ill-done.” By 1970 or so, however, the study of financial markets seemed to have been taken over by Voltaire’s Dr. Pangloss, who insisted that we live in the best of research papers all possible worlds. Discussion of investor irrationality, of bubbles, of destructive speculation had virtually disappeared from academic discourse. The field was dominated by barney resume the “efficient-market hypothesis,” promulgated by Eugene Fama of the University of research on assessment quality Chicago, which claims that financial markets price assets precisely at their intrinsic worth given all publicly available information. (The price of a company’s stock, for example, always accurately reflects the company’s value given the information available on barney resume the company’s earnings, its business prospects and so on.) And by the 1980s, finance economists, notably Michael Jensen of the Harvard Business School, were arguing that because financial markets always get prices right, the best thing corporate chieftains can do, not just for themselves but for the sake of the economy, is to maximize their stock prices. In other words, finance economists believed that we should put the capital development of the nation in the hands of what Keynes had called a “casino.” It’s hard to argue that this transformation in the profession was driven by events. True, the memory of 1929 was gradually receding, but there continued to be bull markets, with widespread tales of speculative excess, followed by bear markets. In 1973-4, for example, stocks lost 48 percent of history essays on the their value.
And the 1987 stock crash, in which the Dow plunged nearly 23 percent in resume, a day for no clear reason, should have raised at least a few doubts about market rationality. These events, however, which Keynes would have considered evidence of the unreliability of markets, did little to blunt the force of a beautiful idea. Essays Depression! The theoretical model that finance economists developed by assuming that every investor rationally balances risk against reward — the so-called Capital Asset Pricing Model, or CAPM (pronounced cap-em) — is wonderfully elegant. And if you accept its premises it’s also extremely useful. CAPM not only tells you how to choose your portfolio — even more important from the resume, financial industry’s point of view, it tells you how to put a price on financial derivatives, claims on claims. The elegance and apparent usefulness of the new theory led to a string of Nobel prizes for its creators, and many of the essay on importance of discipline, theory’s adepts also received more mundane rewards: Armed with their new models and formidable math skills — the more arcane uses of CAPM require physicist-level computations — mild-mannered business-school professors could and did become Wall Street rocket scientists, earning Wall Street paychecks.
To be fair, finance theorists didn’t accept the efficient-market hypothesis merely because it was elegant, convenient and lucrative. They also produced a great deal of statistical evidence, which at barney frank resume first seemed strongly supportive. But this evidence was of an oddly limited form. Finance economists rarely asked the seemingly obvious (though not easily answered) question of whether asset prices made sense given real-world fundamentals like earnings. Instead, they asked only whether asset prices made sense given other asset prices. Language Resume! Larry Summers, now the top economic adviser in the Obama administration, once mocked finance professors with a parable about “ketchup economists” who “have shown that two-quart bottles of ketchup invariably sell for exactly twice as much as one-quart bottles of ketchup,” and conclude from this that the ketchup market is barney frank resume perfectly efficient. But neither this mockery nor more polite critiques from language resume, economists like Robert Shiller of Yale had much effect.
Finance theorists continued to believe that their models were essentially right, and so did many people making real-world decisions. Not least among these was Alan Greenspan, who was then the barney, Fed chairman and a long-time supporter of financial deregulation whose rejection of calls to rein in essay of discipline and good, subprime lending or address the ever-inflating housing bubble rested in frank resume, large part on the belief that modern financial economics had everything under control. There was a telling moment in 2005, at a conference held to honor Greenspan’s tenure at the Fed. One brave attendee, Raghuram Rajan (of the University of Chicago, surprisingly), presented a paper warning that the financial system was taking on potentially dangerous levels of risk. He was mocked by almost all present — including, by the way, Larry Summers, who dismissed his warnings as “misguided.” By October of last year, however, Greenspan was admitting that he was in a state of “shocked disbelief,” because “the whole intellectual edifice” had “collapsed.” Since this collapse of the intellectual edifice was also a collapse of about working women real-world markets, the result was a severe recession — the worst, by many measures, since the Great Depression. What should policy makers do?
Unfortunately, macroeconomics, which should have been providing clear guidance about how to address the slumping economy, was in its own state of disarray. “We have involved ourselves in a colossal muddle, having blundered in the control of a delicate machine, the working of which we do not understand. The result is that our possibilities of barney resume wealth may run to waste for a time — perhaps for language resume, a long time.” So wrote John Maynard Keynes in an essay titled “The Great Slump of 1930,” in barney frank resume, which he tried to explain the catastrophe then overtaking the world. Woolf's About! And the resume, world’s possibilities of wealth did indeed run to waste for a long time; it took World War II to history depression bring the Great Depression to barney resume a definitive end. Why was Keynes’s diagnosis of the essay about, Great Depression as a “colossal muddle” so compelling at first?
And why did economics, circa 1975, divide into opposing camps over the value of barney frank resume Keynes’s views? I like to explain the essence of Keynesian economics with a true story that also serves as a parable, a small-scale version of the messes that can afflict entire economies. Consider the travails of the essays, Capitol Hill Baby-Sitting Co-op. This co-op, whose problems were recounted in a 1977 article in The Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, was an frank resume, association of reflective essay about 150 young couples who agreed to help one another by baby-sitting for one another’s children when parents wanted a night out. To ensure that every couple did its fair share of baby-sitting, the co-op introduced a form of scrip: coupons made out of frank resume heavy pieces of paper, each entitling the bearer to writing reflective essay you should one half-hour of sitting time. Initially, members received 20 coupons on joining and were required to return the resume, same amount on departing the group. Unfortunately, it turned out essays depression, that the co-op’s members, on barney average, wanted to hold a reserve of more than 20 coupons, perhaps, in case they should want to go out several times in a row. As a result, relatively few people wanted to spend their scrip and go out, while many wanted to baby-sit so they could add to their hoard. But since baby-sitting opportunities arise only when someone goes out for the night, this meant that baby-sitting jobs were hard to find, which made members of the language resume, co-op even more reluctant to go out, making baby-sitting jobs even scarcer. . Barney Resume! . Woolf's Essay Women! . In short, the co-op fell into a recession.
O.K., what do you think of this story? Don’t dismiss it as silly and trivial: economists have used small-scale examples to shed light on big questions ever since Adam Smith saw the roots of economic progress in a pin factory, and they’re right to do so. The question is whether this particular example, in which a recession is a problem of inadequate demand — there isn’t enough demand for baby-sitting to provide jobs for everyone who wants one — gets at the essence of resume what happens in a recession. Forty years ago most economists would have agreed with this interpretation. But since then macroeconomics has divided into two great factions: “saltwater” economists (mainly in coastal U.S. universities), who have a more or less Keynesian vision of history great depression what recessions are all about; and “freshwater” economists (mainly at inland schools), who consider that vision nonsense.
Freshwater economists are, essentially, neoclassical purists. They believe that all worthwhile economic analysis starts from the premise that people are rational and frank, markets work, a premise violated by the story of the baby-sitting co-op. As they see it, a general lack of sufficient demand isn’t possible, because prices always move to match supply with demand. If people want more baby-sitting coupons, the value of those coupons will rise, so that they’re worth, say, 40 minutes of essay on importance and good manners baby-sitting rather than half an hour — or, equivalently, the barney frank, cost of an reflective essay, hours’ baby-sitting would fall from barney, 2 coupons to xen scholarship essay 1.5. And that would solve the problem: the barney, purchasing power of the coupons in circulation would have risen, so that people would feel no need to hoard more, and writing you should, there would be no recession. But don’t recessions look like periods in which there just isn’t enough demand to employ everyone willing to work? Appearances can be deceiving, say the frank, freshwater theorists. Sound economics, in their view, says that overall failures of demand can’t happen — and that means that they don’t.
Keynesian economics has been “proved false,” Cochrane, of the University of Chicago, says. Yet recessions do happen. Why? In the 1970s the leading freshwater macroeconomist, the Nobel laureate Robert Lucas, argued that recessions were caused by temporary confusion: workers and companies had trouble distinguishing overall changes in the level of prices because of inflation or deflation from changes in their own particular business situation. And Lucas warned that any attempt to fight the business cycle would be counterproductive: activist policies, he argued, would just add to the confusion. By the 1980s, however, even this severely limited acceptance of the idea that recessions are bad things had been rejected by papers on assessment quality many freshwater economists. Instead, the new leaders of the movement, especially Edward Prescott, who was then at the University of Minnesota (you can see where the freshwater moniker comes from), argued that price fluctuations and barney resume, changes in demand actually had nothing to do with the history essays great depression, business cycle. Rather, the business cycle reflects fluctuations in the rate of technological progress, which are amplified by the rational response of workers, who voluntarily work more when the environment is favorable and frank, less when it’s unfavorable.
Unemployment is woolf's essay about women a deliberate decision by workers to take time off. Put baldly like that, this theory sounds foolish — was the Great Depression really the Great Vacation? And to be honest, I think it really is silly. But the basic premise of Prescott’s “real business cycle” theory was embedded in ingeniously constructed mathematical models, which were mapped onto real data using sophisticated statistical techniques, and the theory came to dominate the frank, teaching of essay on importance macroeconomics in barney, many university departments. In 2004, reflecting the theory’s influence, Prescott shared a Nobel with Finn Kydland of Carnegie Mellon University.
Meanwhile, saltwater economists balked. Where the freshwater economists were purists, saltwater economists were pragmatists. While economists like N. Gregory Mankiw at great depression Harvard, Olivier Blanchard at M.I.T. and barney, David Romer at the University of California, Berkeley, acknowledged that it was hard to reconcile a Keynesian demand-side view of recessions with neoclassical theory, they found the essay on importance and good manners, evidence that recessions are, in fact, demand-driven too compelling to reject. So they were willing to deviate from the assumption of perfect markets or perfect rationality, or both, adding enough imperfections to barney accommodate a more or less Keynesian view of history essays depression recessions. And in the saltwater view, active policy to fight recessions remained desirable. But the self-described New Keynesian economists weren’t immune to the charms of rational individuals and perfect markets. They tried to keep their deviations from neoclassical orthodoxy as limited as possible. This meant that there was no room in the prevailing models for barney, such things as bubbles and banking-system collapse. The fact that such things continued to writing essay you should happen in frank resume, the real world — there was a terrible financial and macroeconomic crisis in writing essay you should, much of Asia in 1997-8 and a depression-level slump in Argentina in 2002 — wasn’t reflected in the mainstream of New Keynesian thinking.
Even so, you might have thought that the barney resume, differing worldviews of freshwater and saltwater economists would have put them constantly at loggerheads over economic policy. Somewhat surprisingly, however, between around 1985 and xen scholarship, 2007 the disputes between freshwater and saltwater economists were mainly about theory, not action. Barney Resume! The reason, I believe, is that New Keynesians, unlike the essay of discipline and good manners, original Keynesians, didn’t think fiscal policy — changes in government spending or taxes — was needed to fight recessions. They believed that monetary policy, administered by the technocrats at the Fed, could provide whatever remedies the economy needed. At a 90th birthday celebration for Milton Friedman, Ben Bernanke, formerly a more or less New Keynesian professor at Princeton, and by then a member of the Fed’s governing board, declared of the barney frank, Great Depression: “You’re right. We did it. We’re very sorry. But thanks to you, it won’t happen again.” The clear message was that all you need to avoid depressions is a smarter Fed. And as long as macroeconomic policy was left in the hands of the maestro Greenspan, without Keynesian-type stimulus programs, freshwater economists found little to complain about. (They didn’t believe that monetary policy did any good, but they didn’t believe it did any harm, either.)
An error has occurred. Please try again later. You are already subscribed to this email. It would take a crisis to woolf's essay about working women reveal both how little common ground there was and how Panglossian even New Keynesian economics had become. In recent, rueful economics discussions, an all-purpose punch line has become “nobody could have predicted. . . .” It’s what you say with regard to disasters that could have been predicted, should have been predicted and actually were predicted by barney resume a few economists who were scoffed at for their pains. Take, for example, the research papers quality, precipitous rise and barney frank, fall of essay housing prices.
Some economists, notably Robert Shiller, did identify the bubble and warn of painful consequences if it were to burst. Yet key policy makers failed to see the obvious. Frank! In 2004, Alan Greenspan dismissed talk of a housing bubble: “a national severe price distortion,” he declared, was “most unlikely.” Home-price increases, Ben Bernanke said in 2005, “largely reflect strong economic fundamentals.” How did they miss the bubble? To be fair, interest rates were unusually low, possibly explaining part of the xen scholarship essay, price rise. It may be that Greenspan and barney, Bernanke also wanted to working women celebrate the Fed’s success in pulling the economy out of the 2001 recession; conceding that much of that success rested on the creation of a monstrous bubble would have placed a damper on barney frank the festivities. But there was something else going on: a general belief that bubbles just don’t happen. What’s striking, when you reread Greenspan’s assurances, is that they weren’t based on papers on assessment evidence — they were based on the a priori assertion that there simply can’t be a bubble in housing. And the finance theorists were even more adamant on resume this point.
In a 2007 interview, Eugene Fama, the father of the efficient-market hypothesis, declared that “the word ‘bubble’ drives me nuts,” and went on to explain why we can trust the housing market: “Housing markets are less liquid, but people are very careful when they buy houses. It’s typically the about, biggest investment they’re going to make, so they look around very carefully and they compare prices. The bidding process is very detailed.” Indeed, home buyers generally do carefully compare prices — that is, they compare the price of their potential purchase with the prices of barney frank resume other houses. But this says nothing about whether the overall price of great houses is resume justified. It’s ketchup economics, again: because a two-quart bottle of ketchup costs twice as much as a one-quart bottle, finance theorists declare that the price of ketchup must be right. In short, the belief in efficient financial markets blinded many if not most economists to the emergence of the biggest financial bubble in history. And efficient-market theory also played a significant role in essays on the great, inflating that bubble in the first place. Now that the barney resume, undiagnosed bubble has burst, the true riskiness of supposedly safe assets has been revealed and the financial system has demonstrated its fragility.
U.S. households have seen $13 trillion in wealth evaporate. More than six million jobs have been lost, and the unemployment rate appears headed for its highest level since 1940. So what guidance does modern economics have to offer in our current predicament? And should we trust it? Between 1985 and 2007 a false peace settled over the field of macroeconomics.
There hadn’t been any real convergence of views between the saltwater and history essays, freshwater factions. But these were the years of the Great Moderation — an extended period during which inflation was subdued and recessions were relatively mild. Saltwater economists believed that the Federal Reserve had everything under control. Freshwater economists didn’t think the Fed’s actions were actually beneficial, but they were willing to let matters lie. But the crisis ended the barney frank, phony peace. Suddenly the narrow, technocratic policies both sides were willing to accept were no longer sufficient — and woolf's working women, the need for frank, a broader policy response brought the essay, old conflicts out into the open, fiercer than ever. Why weren’t those narrow, technocratic policies sufficient? The answer, in barney frank, a word, is zero. During a normal recession, the Fed responds by buying Treasury bills — short-term government debt — from banks. This drives interest rates on government debt down; investors seeking a higher rate of writing reflective essay return move into frank resume other assets, driving other interest rates down as well; and history on the, normally these lower interest rates eventually lead to an economic bounceback.
The Fed dealt with the recession that began in 1990 by frank driving short-term interest rates from 9 percent down to 3 percent. It dealt with the recession that began in 2001 by driving rates from essay on importance of discipline, 6.5 percent to 1 percent. And it tried to deal with the barney frank resume, current recession by driving rates down from 5.25 percent to zero. But zero, it turned out, isn’t low enough to end this recession. Papers Of Groundwater! And the Fed can’t push rates below zero, since at near-zero rates investors simply hoard cash rather than lending it out. So by late 2008, with interest rates basically at what macroeconomists call the “zero lower bound” even as the recession continued to deepen, conventional monetary policy had lost all traction. Now what? This is the second time America has been up against the zero lower bound, the previous occasion being the barney frank, Great Depression. And it was precisely the observation that there’s a lower bound to papers interest rates that led Keynes to frank resume advocate higher government spending: when monetary policy is reflective essay you should ineffective and the private sector can’t be persuaded to spend more, the public sector must take its place in supporting the economy. Fiscal stimulus is the barney frank, Keynesian answer to the kind of depression-type economic situation we’re currently in. Such Keynesian thinking underlies the Obama administration’s economic policies — and the freshwater economists are furious.
For 25 or so years they tolerated the xen scholarship, Fed’s efforts to manage the barney, economy, but a full-blown Keynesian resurgence was something entirely different. History Essays On The Great Depression! Back in frank, 1980, Lucas, of the University of Chicago, wrote that Keynesian economics was so ludicrous that “at research seminars, people don’t take Keynesian theorizing seriously anymore; the audience starts to whisper and giggle to one another.” Admitting that Keynes was largely right, after all, would be too humiliating a comedown. And so Chicago’s Cochrane, outraged at the idea that government spending could mitigate the latest recession, declared: “It’s not part of what anybody has taught graduate students since the 1960s. They [Keynesian ideas] are fairy tales that have been proved false. Language Resume! It is barney resume very comforting in reflective, times of stress to go back to frank resume the fairy tales we heard as children, but it doesn’t make them less false.” (It’s a mark of how deep the on assessment of groundwater quality, division between saltwater and barney frank, freshwater runs that Cochrane doesn’t believe that “anybody” teaches ideas that are, in fact, taught in places like Princeton, M.I.T. and Harvard.) Meanwhile, saltwater economists, who had comforted themselves with the belief that the woolf's working women, great divide in macroeconomics was narrowing, were shocked to frank resume realize that freshwater economists hadn’t been listening at all. Freshwater economists who inveighed against the stimulus didn’t sound like scholars who had weighed Keynesian arguments and found them wanting. Rather, they sounded like people who had no idea what Keynesian economics was about, who were resurrecting pre-1930 fallacies in writing essay, the belief that they were saying something new and profound.
And it wasn’t just Keynes whose ideas seemed to have been forgotten. As Brad DeLong of the University of California, Berkeley, has pointed out in his laments about the Chicago school’s “intellectual collapse,” the school’s current stance amounts to frank a wholesale rejection of Milton Friedman’s ideas, as well. Friedman believed that Fed policy rather than changes in government spending should be used to stabilize the economy, but he never asserted that an increase in essay you should, government spending cannot, under any circumstances, increase employment. In fact, rereading Friedman’s 1970 summary of resume his ideas, “A Theoretical Framework for Monetary Analysis,” what’s striking is how Keynesian it seems. And Friedman certainly never bought into the idea that mass unemployment represents a voluntary reduction in work effort or the idea that recessions are actually good for the economy. Yet the current generation of freshwater economists has been making both arguments. Thus Chicago’s Casey Mulligan suggests that unemployment is so high because many workers are choosing not to take jobs: “Employees face financial incentives that encourage them not to work . . . decreased employment is explained more by reductions in the supply of great labor (the willingness of people to work) and resume, less by the demand for labor (the number of xen scholarship essay workers that employers need to hire).” Mulligan has suggested, in particular, that workers are choosing to remain unemployed because that improves their odds of receiving mortgage relief. And Cochrane declares that high unemployment is actually good: “We should have a recession. People who spend their lives pounding nails in Nevada need something else to barney frank resume do.”
Personally, I think this is crazy. History On The Great! Why should it take mass unemployment across the whole nation to get carpenters to move out of Nevada? Can anyone seriously claim that we’ve lost 6.7 million jobs because fewer Americans want to resume work? But it was inevitable that freshwater economists would find themselves trapped in this cul-de-sac: if you start from the assumption that people are perfectly rational and markets are perfectly efficient, you have to conclude that unemployment is voluntary and recessions are desirable. Yet if the crisis has pushed freshwater economists into absurdity, it has also created a lot of soul-searching among saltwater economists. Their framework, unlike that of the Chicago School, both allows for the possibility of essay involuntary unemployment and barney resume, considers it a bad thing. But the New Keynesian models that have come to dominate teaching and research assume that people are perfectly rational and financial markets are perfectly efficient. Writing! To get anything like the current slump into their models, New Keynesians are forced to introduce some kind of fudge factor that for barney frank, reasons unspecified temporarily depresses private spending. Writing You Should! (I’ve done exactly that in some of my own work.) And if the barney frank, analysis of where we are now rests on this fudge factor, how much confidence can we have in the models’ predictions about essays great where we are going? The state of macro, in short, is not good. So where does the resume, profession go from here? Economics, as a field, got in on assessment, trouble because economists were seduced by barney frank the vision of on assessment quality a perfect, frictionless market system.
If the profession is to redeem itself, it will have to reconcile itself to a less alluring vision — that of frank a market economy that has many virtues but that is also shot through with flaws and frictions. The good news is that we don’t have to reflective start from scratch. Even during the heyday of perfect-market economics, there was a lot of barney frank work done on the ways in which the real economy deviated from the theoretical ideal. What’s probably going to happen now — in fact, it’s already happening — is that flaws-and-frictions economics will move from the periphery of economic analysis to its center. There’s already a fairly well developed example of the kind of economics I have in mind: the xen scholarship, school of thought known as behavioral finance. Practitioners of this approach emphasize two things. Barney Frank! First, many real-world investors bear little resemblance to the cool calculators of efficient-market theory: they’re all too subject to herd behavior, to bouts of essay irrational exuberance and unwarranted panic. Second, even those who try to base their decisions on cool calculation often find that they can’t, that problems of trust, credibility and frank, limited collateral force them to run with the essay of discipline, herd. On the first point: even during the heyday of the efficient-market hypothesis, it seemed obvious that many real-world investors aren’t as rational as the prevailing models assumed. Larry Summers once began a paper on finance by resume declaring: “THERE ARE IDIOTS.
Look around.” But what kind of idiots (the preferred term in the academic literature, actually, is great “noise traders”) are we talking about? Behavioral finance, drawing on the broader movement known as behavioral economics, tries to answer that question by relating the apparent irrationality of investors to known biases in human cognition, like the barney frank resume, tendency to care more about small losses than small gains or the tendency to extrapolate too readily from small samples (e.g., assuming that because home prices rose in the past few years, they’ll keep on rising). Until the xen scholarship essay, crisis, efficient-market advocates like Eugene Fama dismissed the frank resume, evidence produced on great behalf of barney frank behavioral finance as a collection of “curiosity items” of no real importance. That’s a much harder position to maintain now that the collapse of a vast bubble — a bubble correctly diagnosed by behavioral economists like Robert Shiller of Yale, who related it to past episodes of “irrational exuberance” — has brought the language resume, world economy to its knees. On the second point: suppose that there are, indeed, idiots. Barney Frank Resume! How much do they matter? Not much, argued Milton Friedman in an influential 1953 paper: smart investors will make money by buying when the idiots sell and essay, selling when they buy and barney frank, will stabilize markets in essay on importance and good, the process. But the second strand of behavioral finance says that Friedman was wrong, that financial markets are sometimes highly unstable, and right now that view seems hard to reject. Probably the most influential paper in frank resume, this vein was a 1997 publication by language resume Andrei Shleifer of Harvard and Robert Vishny of Chicago, which amounted to a formalization of the old line that “the market can stay irrational longer than you can stay solvent.” As they pointed out, arbitrageurs — the people who are supposed to buy low and frank, sell high — need capital to do their jobs. Essay On Importance Of Discipline Manners! And a severe plunge in asset prices, even if it makes no sense in terms of fundamentals, tends to barney frank deplete that capital.
As a result, the smart money is forced out great, of the market, and prices may go into frank resume a downward spiral. The spread of the current financial crisis seemed almost like an object lesson in essay, the perils of financial instability. And the barney frank, general ideas underlying models of financial instability have proved highly relevant to economic policy: a focus on the depleted capital of financial institutions helped guide policy actions taken after the fall of Lehman, and writing reflective, it looks (cross your fingers) as if these actions successfully headed off an even bigger financial collapse. Meanwhile, what about macroeconomics? Recent events have pretty decisively refuted the idea that recessions are an optimal response to fluctuations in the rate of technological progress; a more or less Keynesian view is the resume, only plausible game in town. On Assessment Quality! Yet standard New Keynesian models left no room for a crisis like the one we’re having, because those models generally accepted the efficient-market view of the financial sector. There were some exceptions. One line of work, pioneered by barney frank none other than Ben Bernanke working with Mark Gertler of New York University, emphasized the way the lack of sufficient collateral can hinder the papers on assessment of groundwater, ability of resume businesses to raise funds and history essays on the depression, pursue investment opportunities.
A related line of barney frank work, largely established by research papers of groundwater my Princeton colleague Nobuhiro Kiyotaki and frank, John Moore of the London School of Economics, argued that prices of assets such as real estate can suffer self-reinforcing plunges that in turn depress the economy as a whole. But until now the impact of dysfunctional finance hasn’t been at the core even of Keynesian economics. Clearly, that has to change. So here’s what I think economists have to papers on assessment of groundwater do. First, they have to face up to the inconvenient reality that financial markets fall far short of perfection, that they are subject to extraordinary delusions and the madness of crowds. Second, they have to admit — and this will be very hard for the people who giggled and whispered over Keynes — that Keynesian economics remains the best framework we have for making sense of recessions and resume, depressions. Third, they’ll have to writing do their best to incorporate the barney resume, realities of finance into macroeconomics. Many economists will find these changes deeply disturbing. It will be a long time, if ever, before the essay about women, new, more realistic approaches to finance and macroeconomics offer the same kind of clarity, completeness and sheer beauty that characterizes the full neoclassical approach.
To some economists that will be a reason to cling to neoclassicism, despite its utter failure to make sense of the greatest economic crisis in three generations. This seems, however, like a good time to recall the words of H. L. Mencken: “There is always an easy solution to every human problem — neat, plausible and wrong.” When it comes to the all-too-human problem of recessions and resume, depressions, economists need to abandon the on the great, neat but wrong solution of barney resume assuming that everyone is rational and markets work perfectly. The vision that emerges as the profession rethinks its foundations may not be all that clear; it certainly won’t be neat; but we can hope that it will have the essay on importance and good, virtue of being at barney least partly right. Because of an editing error, an article on Page 36 this weekend about the failure of economists to anticipate the latest recession misquotes the economist John Maynard Keynes, who compared the xen scholarship, financial markets of the 1930s to barney frank newspaper beauty contests in which readers tried to correctly pick all six eventual winners. Keynes noted that a competitor did not have to pick “those faces which he himself finds prettiest, but those that he thinks likeliest to catch the fancy of the other competitors.” He did not say, “nor even those that he thinks likeliest to catch the fancy of other competitors.”
Paul Krugman is a Times Op-Ed columnist and winner of the 2008 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science. His latest book is “The Return of Depression Economics and the Crisis of 2008.” A version of this article appears in print on , on Page MM36 of the Sunday Magazine with the headline: How Did Economists Get it So Wrong?. Today's Paper | Subscribe. We’re interested in your feedback on this page.
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Will Your Resume Land the barney resume Interview? Looking for a job can be overwhelming. Reflective Essay You Should! There are more people than ever before competing for the same positions. For that reason, it’s more important than ever to ensure that you make an excellent first impression. Of course, your resume will almost always be your first impression. But different companies collect resumes in different ways. If a company asks specifically for barney, applicants to writing you should email their resumes, it’s important to know how to do so elegantly. In addition, if you would like to target specific individuals within a company, you should also know how to email a resume.
First, we will go over the easy part. How to email a resume if you’ve been specifically asked to do so. After that, we’ll dive into the harder part. How to reach out to hiring managers within a company you’re targeting in your job search, without any prior communication. How to email a resume for a job listing.
You’ve been asked to submit your resume via email. How do you do that in the most professional manner? Make sure your email address is resume professional. Sending a resume with an unprofessional email address will disqualify you from job contention. Woolf's Essay Working Women! This is barney frank resume true across the board. It shows both a lack of research papers of groundwater, effort and being totally uninformed about the professional world. An impactful, professional email will have a professional email address. If you’re scared you may accidently forget about or miss emails to your new address, set up email forwarding. Here are some links to barney forwarding instructions for the most popular email services today:
Make sure your email subject line is perfect. After your email address, the papers on assessment quality subject line is the first thing the frank resume hiring manager will see. A subject line will often be the determining factor as to whether the working email will be opened. Barney Frank Resume! Why? Hiring managers receive hundreds of woolf's, emails. So much that they often sort them using a search function. If they search “software engineer” when looking for applications for that open position and your resume doesn’t show up, you’ve pretty much lost your chance. According to frank a study by Convince Convert, 35% of email recipients open emails based solely on the subject line. That’s insane!
It truly demonstrates to us how important the email subject line really is. Some employers will give you specific instructions for constructing your email subject line. If they don’t, include the following: The format will look something like this: Software Engineer, Job ID# 3399 – John Smith. That’s it! It’s really that simple and straightforward.
For more information and a more in-depth look at email subject lines in different scenarios, check out our blog post on the best subject lines when sending a resume . Name and save your resume/cover letter files appropriately. Don’t name your resume “resume”. Don’t name your cover letter “cover letter”. Hiring managers receive dozens, if not hundreds of applications for research papers of groundwater, the same position. Barney! When sorting through the resume files later, vaguely named files must be renamed. If a hiring manager needs to rename your application files, you’ll most often be left aside.
No reason to research papers on assessment quality make it complicated. Just put your first and last name in the file name. For example, “John Smith Resume” or “Jane Smith Cover Letter”. Irresponsibly naming your resume is a big turnoff to resume hiring managers. It demonstrates a lack of critical thinking and organization. So, make sure you name it correctly, it’s super easy!
There are a lot of contradictory opinions about the resume file format on the internet. It can get really confusing! Let’s discuss the two most popular resume file formats and the positives and negatives of each. – Microsoft Word (.doc OR .docx) PDF files are great because they display the same way on nearly every operating system. That means your resume will look exactly the same no matter what computer is used to open it.
That is a major plus. The problems are: PDFs are more difficult to edit or take notes on. Older applicant tracking systems are unable to properly read PDF files. In short, PDF is a great format to use in most cases. Papers Of Groundwater Quality! It will always display beautifully. The biggest issue to keep in mind is the ATS readability. There will be a small percentage of resume, companies (usually the big boys) that still use old ATS systems that will be unable to read your PDF resume.
Word files are the most popular. First, they can be properly scanned by every applicant tracking system. So you’ll avoid disqualifying yourself for a reason as petty as resume file type. Second, although not as perfect as PDF, Word files will display nicely across all systems. Overall, both file types are fine.
You should judge which type to use on a company by company basis. On Importance Of Discipline Manners! Large companies should always get a .doc file. Small companies can go either way. If you want to choose just one, go with Word. Don’t be afraid to send both! (just make it clear in the body of the email to barney resume avoid confusion) Check out history essays on the great, our blog for more details on frank resume choosing a resume file type. You’ve taken care of all the technicalities, now it’s time to write the body of the email. It’s easy to on importance of discipline and good shrug off this part of the process. After all, you already attached a cover letter. What more do you have to write?
Well, you want to stand out. Your email will NOT stand out even if the rest of your email is formatted perfectly and the body says something like: Dear Hiring Manager, My resume and cover letter are attached for your review. Looking forward to your reply. The above email body is barney resume way too generic. It will not make your email pop or help the xen scholarship hiring manager remember you. More likely, it will put you in the same pile as the rest of the candidates with bland emails.
Remember, communication skills are highly valued across all industries. Frank Resume! You want to demonstrate your adeptness at communication at every given chance. You can keep it short and simple, just don’t forgo formal language. Here is a great example of a formal resume email body from Monster: I am very interested in research on assessment quality, applying for barney resume, the Graphic Designer position. My qualifications and history essays on the depression, experience match your specifications almost exactly. Please take a moment to review my attached Application Documents: – Customized Cover Letter.
It would be a sincere pleasure to hear back from you soon to discuss this exciting opportunity. As you can see, the content of this resume email isn’t much more detailed than the first example. Frank Resume! But, it is history essays great depression written very formally and conveys a professionalism that is lacking in the first example. A resume email similar to resume this will be perfect in nearly every scenario. However, if you’d like to put a bit more detail, that’s great too and research on assessment quality, can even help improve your chances. Remember, if you’re also including a cover letter, a long resume email is unnecessary. Summarizing and reiterating points from your formal cover letter is all you need to resume do.
CsuiteAssistants provided a very good example: For more detail, this example is perfect: My name is John Smith and I’m writing in response to reflective your ad seeking an Executive Assistant. I have over 3 years of diversified business experience in office procedures involving liaison with executive staff, preparation of results and barney frank, correspondence, and language resume, project and event management. I am currently seeking work as an administrative or executive assistant.
For further review of my qualifications and experience, please see my attached resume. As I welcome the frank resume opportunity to research meet in-person to detail my experiences and discuss my ability to meet your employment needs, I hope to hear from barney frank resume you. Thank you for essay of discipline and good manners, your time and review of my credentials. The above example can be used to replace a cover letter or even to supplement it by reiterating its key points. Your signature is what you put after the “Sincerely,”. It’s important because it makes it easier to get in contact with you.
It can also look very professional if put together correctly. The format is pretty simple. All you really need to do is place each bit of information directly under the barney resume last. What information should you include? Name Phone Number Address (OPTIONAL, check out our blog on resume addresses ) Social media profiles (LinkedIn, Twitter etc.
OPTIONAL) Link to personal website/portfolio (OPTIONAL / IF APPLICABLE) Don’t include so much information that it looks sloppy. You want a crisp signature that conveys just the right amount of you should, information. Barney Resume! Check out essays great, this example: OK, so now you understand how to reply to a job listing asking for an emailed resume. But, what if there is no job listing and you want to target a specific company? How would you go about soliciting attention from that company’s hiring managers or recruiters? We’re covering that in the next section… But, what if there is no job listing and you want to target a specific company. How would you go about barney soliciting attention from xen scholarship essay that company’s hiring managers or recruiters? We’re covering that in the next section…
How to frank resume email a resume without prior correspondence. This is on the great depression a totally different ball game people. Instead of shooting off your resume into the abyss and competing with (probably) hundreds of other applicants, you can do a little research and email the hiring manager directly. The benefits of this go without saying. Of course, this approach is a lot more difficult. It requires research and grit to find the relevant email addresses that you’re going to need to be successful. But, it’s totally doable. And if you do it right, you’ll have a huge leg up on the competition. According to barney frank uptowork.com, nearly 80% of Americans start their job search on job boards. The problem is, just sending out essay, blind resumes to dozens of listings will only barney resume get you placed in the pile with the hundreds of other applicants.
In addition, a study by Jobvite estimates that 39.9% of hires come from employee referrals while only woolf's working 7% of applications come from those referrals. That’s a HUGE increase in your chances of landing the barney job! Let us show you how to avoid blending in with the rest of the 80% and get yourself into working, the 7%. Don’t wait for a job opening to send your first email. If there are specific companies that you would like to barney work for, don’t wait. About Women! Find a contact within the frank resume company and start emailing them right away. By doing this, you’ll be putting yourself in a great position. Research Papers Of Groundwater! When an opportunity opens up, you’ll be on barney frank the front of the hiring manager’s mind. Reach out to the hiring manager (or anyone else in reflective essay, the company) If you are connected to the hiring manager, perfect. Frank Resume! If not, find a way to language resume make the connection.
Start reaching out to barney frank resume friends, colleagues, fellow alumni etc. You never know who will know who. There’s a great chance that you’ll eventually find a connection who can get you the information you need. A great resource for finding mutual connections is LinkedIn. Search for your target company on LinkedIn and language resume, browse the employee list. More likely than not, you’ll see at least a few 2nd-degree connections. Barney Resume! That’s an awesome start! Send a personalized message to papers those connections and start the dialogue there. Uptowork provided a great example for a LinkedIn “break-the-ice” message: I am amazed by (growth of resume, company/ achievements in . ). I would love the opportunity to and good manners connect with you.
Short, simple and to the point. Keep up your networking efforts until you’re able to secure a referral or a hiring manager’s email address. Alternative methods of securing email addresses. Instead of scouring through LinkedIn making connection after connection, you can take another approach. There are a variety of techniques and frank resume, online applications that can give you solid guesses at an individual’s email address. As long as you have the of groundwater name of the hiring manager and the name of the frank company, you’ll be able to make an educated guess. First off, there is an awesome Chrome extension that guesses email addresses based on linked in profiles. It gives you a confidence meter and a few different options. Writing Essay! It’s called Email Hunter and frank resume, you should definitely check it out. A guy named Rob Ousbey from research quality Distilled.net put together an frank resume, awesome email permutator . You just put in the individual’s name and woolf's essay about women, company and the program will respond with a massive set of possible email addresses.
You can also make good guesses at email addresses using Google. Searching for “#x2a;#64;#x63;o#109;#x70;#97;#x6e;y#x65;m#x61;i#108;#x2e;c#x6f;m” will bring back a list of that company’s email addresses. While you probably won’t be able to directly identify the resume hiring manager’s email, you should be able to find out how they format their email address. Knowing the format by which the company assigns email addresses, along with the hiring manager’s name will give you an awesome idea of what the email address is likely to be. If you have a few good possible addresses, test them out! MailTester is a very easy to use website that allows you to writing reflective check if an email address is currently active. Now that you’ve secured the relevant information, it’s time to send the email. Much of the rules we covered above stay the barney frank same. To quickly review, that includes:
Professional email address Resume and cover letter file names includes your name Subject line Email body. The first two should remain identical to papers on assessment those in barney resume, the standard job application. It’s the xen scholarship subject line and email body that need to be a little different. Since this isn’t an barney resume, actual job application, the subject line should be different from that discussed above for emails directly regarding job listings. You want the email subject line to be an language resume, interesting and engaging call for discussion. “My experience in XXX will boost company growth” “Renowned developer with 20 years’ experience” Both are attention grabbing and speak to your strengths. Use your imagination and come up with something that emphasizes your strengths and makes you pop out.
The body of the email must be detailed. Barney Frank! Explain who you are, why you are emailing and why you want to work for language resume, the company. Attach your resume. This time, instead of directly asking for a job opportunity, tread lightly. Ask for a conversation.
See if you can get a good idea of what the company is looking for. Most importantly, express a deep interest in frank, the company. Your goal is to reflective essay put your name on the hiring manager’s mind. Resume! That way, when an on importance and good, opportunity opens up, you’ll be at the top of the list of candidates. Sometimes, it can be months before a new position opens up.
Keep in touch with the hiring manager. Frank! Send out friendly emails every month or so. These emails should be light. Include a relevant news story, a congratulatory message or something similar. One thing that remains the same regardless of the context: if you are attaching a file to research papers on assessment the email, mention it in the body of the email. There are 2 basic scenarios in which you’ll find yourself needing to email a resume: A job listing specifically asks for it. You are targeting a specific company for employment. In the first scenario, emailing a resume and/or cover letter in response to a job listing, follow our 5 steps to barney resume really stand out from the crowd. Professional email address Detailed subject line (pay close attention to any specific instructions) Save your resume and cover letter under appropriate names Formal body. Essay Working! Even a detailed one if you’re using it to replace the cover letter Signature.
Your name, number and websites. In the second scenario, we discussed finding ways of targeting specific companies, obtaining hiring manager email addresses, and making connections with the company. How do you get in contact with these people? We discussed a few creative ways: LinkedIn Applications and permutations Email validity checker. After you’ve obtained the resume email, the reaching out process is a bit different than that of an invited resume. There are 2 main differences: Subject line is more of a catchy personal advertisement. History Great! The body is more detailed and less aggressive. By now, you’re an expert in resume, using email effectively during a job search.
Never again should you wonder how to xen scholarship essay email a resume. That’s great because effective emailing is often the difference between a 7-week job search and a 7-month job search. Thanks for reading and happy job hunting! Want to see if the resume you’re sending is in good shape? We offer a free resume review here. Wouldn’t it be nice to frank resume know if that hiring manager you spent all that time chasing read your email? Thankfully, you can. Some wonderful programmers put together some great browser extensions for that. Essays Great Depression! Here are some good ones: It was very important for barney frank, me ! Will your Resume Land you the Interview? See how ZipJob uses Professional Writers and Technology to Get Your Resume Noticed.
Zipjob uses technology and professional writers to get resumes to the top of the pile. An ATS (Applicant Tracking System) is an automated resume scanner used by over 90% of employers which reject over 76% of resumes submitted on woolf's about working average. In addition to having one of our experts write your resume, we scan it with the same ATS technology to ensure your resume gets through.
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Procedural Democracy Procedural . democracies have free and frank resume fair elections. Substantive Democracy Citizens are free and they have certain rights in history great depression, addition to having a procedural democracy. Democratization It is the process of a government becoming more democratic. Barney. Level of Economic Development Level of economic development refers to writing reflective you should, the stage of the economy of a country. Democratization.
Communist state , Democracy , European Union 1294 Words | 5 Pages. the government treated education as a basic right for every Kenyan child. Education has ever since been regarded as a fundamental factor for frank, . human capital development. Language Resume. In response to frank resume, this urge, government developed policy documents that sort to expand access to education for its citizens. It is internationally recognized that everyone has a right to education, as agreed upon at various international conferences. Essay Of Discipline And Good Manners. Kenya tried to take the declarations seriously by ensuring that children have free access. Education , Elementary school , Government 2044 Words | 6 Pages. great arguments, points, and responses to the question but history definitely plays a role. Barney. Aristotle born in 384 BC in essay, Stagira, Greece. . Aristotle was a philosopher who believed that the frank resume government should be ruled by middle class men and that people should be trusted to research papers quality, govern themselves but only the properly educated middle class men. Aristotle analyzed all forms of government and found both good and bad examples but he preferred and favored a constitutional government . Aristotle even feared that.
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AP Government: How Public Policy is made. ?Period 1 AP Government : How Public Policy is made Reforming Obamacare The . Affordable Health Care for America Act (or HR 3962) was a bill that was shaped by the United States House of Representatives in November of 2009. Essay. Over the course of history there have been countless reforms to be proposed but they have rarely been accomplished or even looked at. In 2010, landmark reform was passed through two federal statutes enacted in 2010: the Patient Protection. Health , Health care , Health economics 811 Words | 3 Pages. Barney Frank. Thomas Jefferson could not attend the Philadelphia Convention; therefore he sent Madison a letter. The enclosed letter said that the omission of a Bill of . Rights was a major mistake: A bill of rights is what the people are entitled to against every government on earth. (Kelly, Martin. Thomas Jefferson Quotes - Quotes by language resume, Thomas Jefferson. American History From About. Version 1. About.com, 15 Oct. 2010.
Web. 29 July 2013. lt;http://americanhistory.about.com/cs/tho). After receiving the letter from. Barney Frank. 1791 in American politics , 1791 in law , Amendments to the United States Constitution 1818 Words | 5 Pages. Essay Of Discipline And Good Manners. AP Biology Free Response Question. APBIO5._____________________.FR23 2014 December 3, Respond to barney resume, the following.
1. Distinguish genetic drift from about women, gene flow in terms of how they occur and . their implications for future genetic variation in a population. Genetic drift, defined as the process in which chance events cause unpredictable fluctuations in allele frequencies from one generation to the next, can increase or decrease variability within particularly small populations. Certain genotype/phenotype frequencies, for example, may. Allele , Allele frequency , Evolution 1158 Words | 3 Pages. MatthewResearch Paper Government Responses to Poverty.
Research Paper: Government Responses to frank, Poverty For my research paper, I chose the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance . Program, aka Snap. I know much of the basic of essays great, SNAP, but I know nothing to in depth about it. A lot of people I know have it and its such a big part of mine and those I know lives so I feel it's my duty to find out more about it. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program provides individuals and families with food stamps which can be used to purchase select food. Food stamps. Frank. Eating , Electronic Benefit Transfer , Family 912 Words | 3 Pages.
GOv Victoria Musilek AP Government and Politics Essay # 3 19 November 2012 Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Essay After . watching the movie Mr. Xen Scholarship Essay. Smith Goes to frank resume, Washington, many of the government activities that we learned so far this year were represented in the film. This film was about history on the great depression how a senator died and the events leading to the appointing of the new senator. Also the movie displayed how a man would go to any length to resume, pass a bill he believe in and how he held the longest filibuster.
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Defining The Bibliography Reference Types For An Output Style. The Bibliography area of the output style editor is where you determine exactly which fields are included for a specific reference type (i.e., book, journal, web page) and you determine the placement of the fields, the punctuation, any formatting and indicate under what conditions the field should print (always, only for barney, source types that are electronic, or always for source types that are print). You can also include comments about each field in each reference type to research serve as a reference or reminder of barney frank resume details for that output style. Use any examples in the Instructions to Authors or Style Guide when creating your style. Important Note: every output style MUST have at least a generic reference type defined in the bibliography area.
The generic reference type is used as a default and will be used by any reference in your database that does not find its appropriate reference type. Xen Scholarship! If possible, we recommend defining each reference type that you store in your database. To create a bibliography definition: Verify that the Bibliography tab is resume displayed in the main area of the output style editor. By default, your bibliography formatting will be created for references that are in a single language. Research! You have the option to barney add additional language formats if your bibliography will have references in more than one language). To create a bibliography that supports multiple languages, click here to learn about adding alternate languages. Under Reference Type , select Generic . Different reference types often require different types of formats so you must evaluate each one and make changes as necessary. For example, a Journal may require the essay on importance of discipline manners Periodical Name be italicized and a Book reference may require the frank Title be underlined. Once you define the Generic reference type, you can copy the formatting from the Generic type to the other types. From there you only need to make modifications as necessary.
• In the Reference Type list, select the reference type you want to create. Notice that the Output Field Order box is now empty. • Verify that Generic appears in the Copy Fields from list. Use this feature as a quick way to define various reference types. Copy from the reference type that most closely matches the type you are defining. For example, if you have already defined Book, Whole and you want to define Book, Section you can copy from Book, Whole then make any needed modifications.
Tip: If you are creating the output style for a publication in the Humanities, we suggest making the Generic format similar to a Book example. If you are creating an output style for research papers on assessment, the Sciences, we suggest making the Generic format similar to frank a Journal example. The Fields for this type box shows all the fields available for research papers of groundwater, the Reference Type, Generic . Barney! (The fields change depending on history great depression, the type of barney frank resume reference you have chosen.) Select the Authors, Primary field and click the right arrow icon to move it to the Output Field Order box. Continue selecting each field that you need, in the order you want it to appear. Under Preview of Bibliography Output , click the Update button to see the fields you have added. You need to click the Preview button every time you make a change to woolf's essay about women the particular reference type in order to barney frank resume see the updated information. Under Output Field Order , select a field and look at the Field Settings displayed to the right of the window.
Click through the various fields and xen scholarship essay, notice how the barney resume Field Settings change to guide you through the xen scholarship format defining process. The first group of settings determines the formatting of the barney resume field itself as opposed to research papers quality the format of the elements within the field. You also designate in the Field Settings when that particular field should print -- always, when the barney frank resume source type in the reference is set to print or when the source type is set to electronic. In some cases, such as Volume , there is very little to establish. On Assessment Of Groundwater Quality! In others, such as Author , there are many specific characteristics that need to be defined. Note: Under Field Settings, if you want to precede or follow particular fields with a tab or carriage return (i.e., a new line), enter the appropriate t (tab) or n (carriage return) character. Tip : Detailed information about Field Settings typically used for defining a periodical are listed below.
This will help you become familiar with the different types of options available for the various fields. Tip : A word about resume, punctuation used throughout a reference type – punctuation is research of groundwater normally included with the field it is used with, however, in some instances you will need to include the barney frank resume punctuation with the field that precedes or follows. RefWorks will automatically omit a defined field if there is and good no information for the field in barney frank a particular record. If you have defined the field setting to include the history punctuation, that punctuation will still appear, even though there is no information for it. So, when you generate your bibliography, you will see stray punctuation marks. You may need to modify your format to include punctuation for barney frank, a particular field with the language resume field that follows it (The page number field is a good example. Barney! It generally appears at the end of a format and if your record does not have this information to display, your format may end with stray punctuation, so include the punctuation for the field before page number in papers on assessment the “precede with” area of the page field setting.).
You can always manually edit your bibliography using your word processor, but this may be time consuming. We do recommend you thoroughly check your final bibliography, as the information you have imported into RefWorks may be inaccurate or incorrect, but you should also check for frank, odd punctuation as well. Author Fields (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Compiler and Translator) Enter any information you would like to include about this field. This field is information only and does not affect the formatting or output. Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the field should print and you should, enter any preceding or following text/punctuation. The number of author names to be included in the bibliography. You can include all of the barney resume names or some portion of them. Selecting Include All overrides the other settings. Enter 2 in essay the If more, show first box and select Italic. Click Update and see the display change to two authors and display the et al in italics.
By default, RefWorks inserts the barney word Anonymous in place of author names if the author field in a reference is left blank. If you want to insert another word, such as Unknown, delete Anonymous and type Unknown. If you want the field left blank, delete Anonymous and don't replace it with anything. On Importance! If you want to replace the frank author with the title, click the Use Title box. Varies depending upon where the essay separator is located (i.e., between first and second author or between the second and barney frank resume, third author, etc.). In our example under If only 2 use , press the spacebar type and (without the quote marks) then press the spacebar again. It will display as ( and ). You need to include a space on each side of the and or the result will be John JonesandBob Smith.
Leave the comma in the If more than 2 use box and in the Before Last box. Notice that there are spaces after the comma and before and after the and. These settings may be different than the on assessment of groundwater settings for subsequent authors. Barney Resume! Under Name select the correct order of the on importance of discipline manners names for the output style. Barney! For example, if the style requires names to be last name first followed by a comma and space, then the first name and language resume, middle name, select Last, First Middle. Barney Frank Resume! The Initial box determines the format of the name. Writing! For example, if the first name should be a full name and middle name an initial only, you should select First M . Under Case Setting , select any casing requirements (Last name in uppercase or Entire name in uppercase). These options determine the setting for all names after the first author.
In many formats, the first author is frank resume Last, Middle First but all other authors are First Middle Last. The Precede With and reflective, Follow With fields determine what comes before and after the author in a reference that contains only one author. If, as in our case, author is the first field in frank resume the reference, you do not want a preceding character so leave this box blank. If you want to follow the author with a period, leave the period in essay of discipline and good the Follow With box. Keep in mind that all fields in resume the Field Settings area have a Precede With and xen scholarship, Follow With option. Barney Resume! If you have Follow With characters of a period and a space and a Precede With in the very next field of a space what will actually show between the two fields will be a period and two spaces. The Precede With and Follow With fields determine what comes before and after the author field in a reference that contains multiple authors. Title Fields (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary) Enter any information you would like to include about this field. This field is information only and does not affect the formatting or output. Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the field should print and xen scholarship, enter any preceding or following text/punctuation.
To leave the title as it is in your database, under Case Setting , select None. To change it to Uppercase, Lowercase, Title Case or Sentence Case, select the appropriate option from the Case Setting box. Uppercase capitalizes the entire title (e.g., THIS IS THE ENTIRE TITLE), and resume, Lowercase format all of the research quality characters as lowercase, even the first word in the title (e.g., this is the entire title). Barney Resume! Title case capitalizes the papers on assessment quality first letter of the resume first word and all significant words in the title (e.g., This is the Entire Title). Words not capitalized in Title case include certain articles, prepositions and conjunctions such as a, an, and the. Sentence case capitalizes the xen scholarship essay first word of the frank resume title only (e.g., This is the entire title). Note: If you have proper nouns or specific words that MUST be capitalized or italicized in your bibliography, we recommend leaving the case setting option as None . When None is selected, RefWorks will print the title EXACTLY as it is entered in your database including casing and font attributes (bold, italic, underline, etc.).
Enter any information you would like to essay about working women include about this field. This field is information only and does not affect the formatting or output. Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the barney field should print and enter any preceding or following text/punctuation. To leave the title as it is in your database, under Case Setting, select None. To change it to Uppercase, Lowercase, Title Case or Sentence Case, select the appropriate option from the Case Setting box. Periodical Name Format:
Some Periodicals have both a full name and an abbreviated name. For example, Journal of Biology may be abbreviated J.Biol. There are several options for the periodical name format. To choose to have a preference in using the full name or abbreviated name, select Full if present, otherwise abbreviated or Abbreviated if present, otherwise full. Or, you may specify using only one, full or abbreviated, by selecting Full Only or Abbreviated Only. If you use the abbreviation and want a particular mark to follow it add the writing essay you should mark to barney frank the Follow abbreviations with box. Follow abbreviation with: Any entry in this field would be in addition to what you defined in xen scholarship the Field Settings area. Volume, Issue, Pub Year, and barney frank resume, Pages Fields. Enter any information you would like to include about this field.
This field is information only and does not affect the formatting or output. Options for these fields are very similar. Language Resume! Because they are numeric fields, you may choose to add a numeric suffix to the field. RefWorks adds the barney frank appropriate suffix for the number. Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the field should print and enter any preceding or following text/punctuation. Determine any text formatting and if any information needs to precede or follow the field (for example, if it should appear as Vol. Of Discipline And Good Manners! 10, you need to include the barney resume Vol. in the precedes area).
Make sure you include any blank spacing or punctuation that should appear before the essay about women next field. Determine any text formatting and if any information needs to precede or follow the field (for example, if the issue should appear as (1), you need to barney frank include a left parentheses ( in woolf's essay working women the Precedes With area and a right parentheses ) in the Follow With area. Frank Resume! Make sure you include any blank spacing or punctuation that should appear before the writing reflective you should next field. Determine any text formatting and frank, if any information needs to research precede or follow the field. Make sure you include any blank spacing or punctuation that should appear before the next field. Enter any preceding characters (fore example “p.” might be used -- make sure include a blank space after the p. Barney! if needed) . About Women! Select the Page Range Setting (If you wanted the output to show 149-159, select Full End Page, for barney, the output to be 149-59, select Abbreviated End Page and for 149, you would select Start Page Only.) The program assumes you want to separate pages with a dash. Adding this field to an output style allows you to type in your own text and format it as bold, underline, italics, superscript or subscript. Simply type the text in the Text to women insert box and barney resume, click the box next to essay the appropriate format. One common use for this is in the Book, Section reference type. A book section frequently requires you to resume include information on the book itself as well as the language resume section information.
You may need to create a format like: Book Section Title. In Book Title. In this case, you would type In in the Text to insert box and select Italic as the formatting option. All other fields with the barney exception of Descriptors have just the women basic Field Settings. Resume! The Descriptors field also has an option for the separator between the words. Some of these fields may be useful for various reasons. For example, if you are printing a bibliography from a reference list for a particular class you may want to include the notes field for reference.
If you do not define a reference type, Report for language resume, example, and you import a reference that is a Report, RefWorks automatically uses the definition you created for the Generic type. In general the Generic type is the same as the Journal reference type in the already defined formats. You can easily change this using the Copy feature discussed above. If you selected Book for example, the Generic Reference is now patterned after the Book Reference Type. In the barney frank Bibliography Settings area you specify the woolf's essay working overall layout of the bibliography. Verify that you are in the Bibliography area (the bibliography tab should be grey and prominent). Click Bibliography Settings to expand and display the settings options. Select the appropriate sort order for the bibliography.
In Order They Are Cited. References are listed in the order they are cited in the paper. All Authors, Year Title. References are sorted by the entire Author field first, then by year. References with the exact same authors and year are then sorted by title. All Authors Title. References are first sorted by the entire Author field.
References with the same authors are then sorted by title. First Author, Year Other Authors. References are sorted by the first author only, then, for references with the same first author, by year. References with the same first author and year are then sorted based upon all other authors. First Author, Number of Authors Year. References are sorted by the first author only and then by the number of authors in the reference. For example, if the frank first author is the same, references with three authors sort before references with four.
References with the same first author and the same number of authors are then sorted by year. Author, Year Ascending Title. References are sorted by the entire Author field first, then by year with the essays on the great depression oldest first. References with the exact same authors and year are then sorted by title. All Authors Title (MLA) This sort combines all authors and titles (for references with no author) into frank resume one sort.
Other sorts place references without authors at the top of the list. Title, Year descending. References are sorted first by history essays, title and then by year with most recent articles at the top. Periodical, Year descending. Sorts by periodical name and barney frank, then by year with the most recent at the top. Year descending, Author. Sorts first by year with the most recent at the top and within the same year by author. Year descending, Title. Sorts first by year with the most recent at the top and within the same year by title. Year descending, Periodical. Sorts first by year with the most recent at writing reflective essay the top and within the same year by periodical name.
Year ascending, Title. Sorts first by year with the barney oldest at the top and within the same year by essays on the, title. Sorts references by the ID number. If the bibliography should have a title before it begins, type the title in frank the Reference List Title box. The title is automatically centered on the page when you view or print the xen scholarship document. Select Include empty fields in frank resume the reference output if, for example, you want the page number field included in the bibliography even if there is no page number in the reference. If you do not select this option, RefWorks automatically takes out empty fields. Most output styles do not call for empty fields to be included, so this option should be cleared. Select Apply APA Rules for Electronic Source field inclusion if your style should follow the new APA guidelines that require inclusion of a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) if available, in the bibliography. When this option is selected, RefWorks will look for Digital Object Identifier (DOI) information for the reference and print that first. If there is no DOI in the reference, then the RefWorks will print the information in the Links and the Retrieved Date fields.
If there is no DOI or Links information, RefWorks will print the Database information for a particular reference. This applies to all reference types except Unpublished Material and Web Pages. For Unpublished Material the Database and woolf's working women, Retrieved Date will print if there is barney resume no DOI or Links. Language Resume! For Web Pages, the Accessed Date and barney resume, Database will print if there is no DOI or Links. Note: This setting only applies to references where the Source Type field is set to woolf's essay about women Electronic . Under Indent Setting select the appropriate indent. Barney Frank Resume! Select Normal if the first line of each reference should be indented, Hanging if all lines except the on importance first should be indented or None . Under Line Spacing , select the spacing to apply to all lines within the reference. Your choices are Single , Double , or Triple . RefWorks automatically inserts one blank line between references in the bibliography.
Make the appropriate selection from the barney drop-down box for consecutive works by essay, the same author. In some cases it may be appropriate to substitute dashes for the author names. Enter the appropriate Precede with and Follow with characters for each reference. For example, you may want to barney follow each reference with a period. Text After Bibliography could be used to history great specify punctation for all bibliography entries.
Placing the ending punctuation in the bibliography settings would eliminate the need to include ending punctuation for barney resume, every defined reference type.
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Dear Resume: You’re Not Fooling Anybody. I wanted to spend some time today talking about an particular irritation that a (un-named) buddy shared with me. After he mentioned it I realized that I also see it all the time, and those that do it probably think that it is helping them out. I think they do it because they realize the barney resume, number of years of experience they have is so important in the business of being a landman. At first I thought that it was a very simple thing, and maybe not worthy of a blog post all its own, but on some reflection I think it’s an important conversation to have. I’m sure I’ll get a few comments at the end of the article on both sides of the fence. A few examples of things I’ve seen on resumes, cover letters and essay postings from people looking for work: I have ten years of experience in leasing and management. I have seven years of title research experience. I have been in the oil gas industry for over 20 years. Now, as you might guess when you read these examples, these individuals don’t have all of their experience as a land professional in frank the oil gas business.
The first one was a manufacturing manager, the second did title searches for a mortgage company, and the third was on pipeline construction crews. While all of research on assessment of groundwater quality these things may have helped the person develop applicable skills, I feel they are (at a minimum) misrepresenting their level of barney frank experience. I’m sure that a few of history essays you are saying “Now Randy, it’s not that big of barney frank a deal, the experience section of the resume should tell the whole story.” Many times it does. My issue isn’t really with the fact that these folks aren’t telling me up-front with open language about their experience level. My issue is language resume that for many of those who review resumes — it might make them feel like the applicant thinks the reviewer is barney stupid. Or, at a minimum, that the applicants thinks they are putting a positive spin on their experience – but are really turning off the reviewer. When you use these tools in your resume it can backfire on you, like when you go to a website and it immediately starts talking to on the great, you or playing music (90% of people will immediately hit the ‘back’ button on their browser).
That isn’t to say that there isn’t a way to spin that experience, so I’ll offer some suggestions as to barney resume, how I might handle it: For the previous 2 years I have been leasing minerals in Ohio, I leased over 6,000 acres. Language Resume. Prior to that I managed a production facility with 45 employees. That experience will allow me to grow with your brokerage and take on new tasks as I gain experience. I’ve been performing patent to present mineral research for barney frank the last 3 years. In the about working women, four previous years I worked for a mortgage company clearing title to real estate loans. While the real estate loans were typically surface title, I do know my way around the courthouse and have working relationships with several abstract companies in the area. Barney Frank Resume. I’ve been purchasing rights-of-way for the past 18 months, and for the rest of the last twenty years I’ve worked right of way construction projects performing a variety of tasks. History Essays On The Great. I’ve found landowners appreciate the barney frank, fact that I can talk with them about what to expect on their property from a realistic perspective.
Now, if you were the one doing the hiring would you feel better about the first set of examples or the second set? Obviously I’d pick the second because I wrote them. What is the take away? Be honest, be truthful, be direct. Tell me how you would represent the experience in these examples in the comment section. Why Am I in the Energy Business? Giving Back to essay working women, the Land Profession. The Young and the Restless: Old Hands vs New Blood. Into the Deep: Who is Chesapeake without Aubrey McClendon?
Have You Gone to Work at barney frank, 2 AM? Chesapeake CEO Aubrey McClendon Steps Down. Randy is a land consultant with experience in xen scholarship field and in-house land work, land administration, and software consulting with systems used in the land management business. Barney Resume. He is an active member of the AAPL, HAPL, and NHAPL and papers of groundwater is a regular attendee of industry functions. Frank Resume. Randy's latest projects have included land data systems integrations, with a focus on Quorum Land System. Click Here to Leave a Comment Below.
We see it so much that I expect it out of non AAPL members, so we usually ask them in on assessment of groundwater quality the phone interview to tell us about frank resume, that period the essays on the depression, Who What Where Questions. If we don’t get that warm fuzzy from the barney frank, interview and do not know anyone who knows them to vouch then we will pass. Research Papers On Assessment Of Groundwater Quality. Those who do come onboard are highly encouraged to join the AAPL as an affirmation to the code of ethics. I’ve noticed it is resume becoming more common for brokers (and operators) to require their field people to be AAPL members. I don’t see anything wrong with it. I’ve heard it is not as common up north in places like Ohio, but I suppose that is a function of time. Thanks for the input! I believe that to be correct as well, for the people we have hired in Ohio many of history on the great them coming in were not members however they had verifiable work experience in the area.
After coming on board they joined the AAPL. Joining the AAPL doesn’t automatically give someone ethics. Agreeing to abide by their professional code of barney ethics as per membership doesn’t mean that they will. If they falsify/mislead in a resume, how much will the code mean to them. I have worked very diligently to have my years of experience, one week at writing essay you should, a time. (Almost 20) and resume when joining a new broker, they phone interview me. It only takes a few minutes of conversation to know that I am for woolf's real. You can’t fake that! So the faked resume only barney resume works when brokers are in a hiring frenzy and desperate. I agree that those faked resumes fool NO ONE. Thanks for the comment Jenn.
I think that folks with many years of experience really aren’t the focus of about working these “AAPL Membership Required” efforts. It’s for frank resume the newer folks that might not really understand what is history on the great appropriate to do or not do. In addition, it’s good for public relations for barney frank an operator to have their field personnel be a member of a professional organization. As independent contractors, we should not even be required to provide a resume or cover letter for a new assignment with a broker. When was the last time you asked a mechanic or painter for his resume or a cover letter before you would hire them?
Independent contractors acquire work by language resume, recommendations, advertising or previous working relationships. Comments like “I’ve found landowners appreciate the fact that I can talk with them about what to resume, expect on their property from a realistic perspective” should not be of interest for research on assessment quality a contractual relationship between a broker and sub-broker (contracted Landman). It should be about barney frank resume, “if” the Independent Contractor can explain what is about happen to the landowners property and how the Landman is going to writing reflective, go about explaining the resume, procedure. AAPL membership on the other hand should be considered! Using the example above, wouldn’t you feel more comfortable if your mechanic an independent contractor was a member of the Automotive Service Association or your painter was a member of the Painting and Decorating Contractors of America or at the very least certified (RL, RPL, CPL)?
We are not employees applying to be hired, we are Independent Contractors looking for work. We have to advertise (sell) our work ethic, products, skills, certifications and use websites (music/talking or not)to get the point across to our market (the placement Broker) JUST as Landman Insider.com and the Brokerage Companies have done in language resume their market. Just an opinion! Thanks for barney frank taking the on assessment, time to respond Hypatia. The only barney frank resume thing I wouldn’t be in agreement with is your example about contractors not providing resumes. Car mechanics, for instance, typically provide a warranty. That doesn’t really exist in the field landman world, most field landmen don’t carry their own E#038;O insurance.
I’d submit that some examples of contractors who provide resumes are computer programmers (tech contractors more generally), attorneys (who quite often work on a contract basis), and even geologists. Xen Scholarship Essay. If you have enough experience to make phone calls to movers and shakers and barney frank get hired via an on importance and good manners informal process you probably don’t need a resume. However, most field landmen don’t have those types of connections and have to rely on barney frank some amount of canvassing. That means using a resume as part of a larger ‘marketing’ system. Again, thanks for xen scholarship essay the comment! It let’s me know people are reading, and that’s why I write. If everyone agrees with me then it means I’m being too ‘safe’.
Hey Randy, I liked this. Frank. It actually helped me. I have sent out quite a few resumes and I, for the most part never even get a reply via email, which is puzzling to history, me as if they are reading the email why not take the time to at least say, “we do not have a spot right now, we will let you know, even tell me you are not interested” Anyway, that said I see I have been sending the wrong, for barney the most part, cover letter. I have done this for almost 17 years and I have not worked for a lot of different brokers as when one job ended I just got sent somewhere else, or my husband would make a couple of calls and off we would go. We are not working the same job now because of the language resume, if the job ends in one place, the other will have a job. Anyway, after all that rambling, this helped. Is the above what people want to read in a cover letter? Or if not I wish someone would post one that they want to see because as I said, I have never had to frank, send resumes, I just went from job to job.
I will put an article on cover letters on my list of aeticles to writing you should, write. Barney Resume. In the language resume, meantime, email me a copy of barney frank your resume and cover and I will give you a review of it. PS: I also agree,I think all landmen should belong to AAPL. I really do have 25 years of language resume experience and barney frank will often put that in the Re: when emailing a resume and in my cover letter, but I can back it up. Yet I still can’t seem to writing reflective, get an barney frank resume interview. Any suggestions?
Do you specify a dayrate in writing your initial cover letter/resume? Does your resume accurately specify your experience (i.e. Resume. It shouldn’t just say “Joan’s Land Service Company” From 1980 – Current, Performed x,y,z. That isn’t verifiable, or informative information.)? Good article and fresh perspective, Randy. Writing Reflective. Ms. LaCour invoked some provocative points to the discussion. I believe in professional affiliations, for reasons obvious to me.
However, I understand the thinking of the very independent and to resume, their lack of my goals within the industry. Too, I’ve even heard that affiliating with an organization, like AAPL, leans towards joining a union; that thought alone within the research papers on assessment quality, OG Industry can be a ‘spark’. I haven’t ever really thought of the resume, AAPL as a union, but I can see the thought process. Thanks for the insight. Thank you for the advice on job descriptions with a CV.
I have always had difficult finding my vioce so that I can communicate what I want to say in writing. The examples you provided certainly help me with the woolf's essay working women, structure and purpose of what I am trying to communicate. This is very helpful and I would greatly appreciate a review of my resume. I’ve even had brokers say they received my resume and barney frank would look it over and give me a call today — then I never hear back from research, them. I believe that it is all about barney frank, your resume being on the right desk/inbox at the right time. Timing is very important in this industry!
Should the cover letter say what our day rate is? I think that is a very fact-specific question and could go either way. It is really your call. If you are asking for reflective a very above-market rate then your resume better reflect that rate. If you are asking for frank a below market rate that could also work against you. If you are right in the ‘market rate’ area, it might be unnecessary to even mention it.
Many people would like to see it so they know if you are in the ‘ball park’ or not. If you are a little high that isn’t a big deal, if you are $100/day high then you might get thrown out of the pile. Yes Randy, everyone appreciates all your articles and they are good. I have 2 points on this one I agree with. On Importance Manners. 1)With reference to your comment doing title abstracting as being surface only. That is totally untrue. If you sought to resume, purchase a tract of history land, a home or a business, would you feel you had the right to know both the barney, surface and subsurface estate of the property? Yes, everything that has to essays great, do with that piece of property has to be reported. If you did not own minerals to the property you sought to purchase and the title company did not report that to you a lawsuit is in order.
2) As you listing your company’s name and frank resume the services that you perform as being incorrect. I disagree. One of the xen scholarship, first reasons of “why” you want to do that is you are an independent landman…you own your own business. That is how a business resume is barney set up. Continually setting up instruments such as a resume like an woolf's essay about employee where it lists dates with names of barney frank who you did work for only further gives rise the IRS’ possibility of deeming you an employee. The resume should be set up as a business resume and then the reference sheet should be set up with the brokers or other people who have had direct contact with your work product. Hi Lisa, thanks for the comment. Xen Scholarship Essay. Of course you can’t address every single situation in a ‘generic’ article. In many states mortgage title does not examine mineral interests, and does not certify it either. I know in Louisiana and barney frank Texas this is ‘typically’ correct, but other states may have different practices. As to a ‘business resume’, I think your approach is language resume fine if you include a reference sheet showing who you’ve worked for (brokerages, direct contracts with operators, etc) — but most people who use this approach don’t do this.
They just say that Jane Doe worked for JD Research LLC for 12 years. Again, in my experience, the typical industry standard for field landmen is to list the people they have contracted to and dates. Hi Randy, I have to beg to differ again as to what a title researcher would be required to obtain in a title search. Frank Resume. While emphasis is on the surface estate, in Texas all minerals are considered a part of the research papers on assessment of groundwater, real property and, therefore, must be reported. While it is barney frank resume true that it is usually shown as an exception to title on Schedule B to history essays on the depression, a title policy, it is searched and frank resume reported and listed therein. Title researchers in their career would also be subjected to many commercial searches which are normally not only full abstracts of title but also include environmental searches on the property as well.
The only thing that a title researcher would not encounter in woolf's about working that a landman would do is actually calculate the interest of the mineral owner and prepare the Mineral Owner Report. Here is an article by an attorney where it is not only important to report it on the title report, but in frank resume the contract of sale as well. Also in recent years, with the mortgage companies having mortgages that require royalties to research of groundwater quality, paid over to the mortgage company to reduce the loan amount, it would be imperative for them to have the barney resume, knowledge of writing whether or not the mortgagor has mineral rights or not. You are certainly allowed to disagree Lisa, and I’ll agree to frank resume, disagree with you on this #128521;