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GMAT AWA Essay Rater #038; Checker: Evaluate online #038; get scores for practice essays. “How do I evaluate my GMAT AWA essay?” “How can I get GMAT AWA scores for practice?” “Are there any free good online AWA essay raters?” These are questions that we got from many MBA applicants. So I brushed up my rusty programming skills, read up on the basics of NLP and created this automated AWA essay rater . If you want to know whether those GMAT AWA templates you downloaded from various online forums are really useful, create a few GMAT AWA sample essays and test them out here using our GMAT AWA Rater. Though even the best essay checker software cannot match the accuracy of the official test, it’s still a good way to know where you stand. Read these GMAT AWA essay tips. Population Growth? Once you are ready to get some practice, come back to this page and try out the GMAT AWA Rater which will rate your AWA essays. You can do it any number of character essay prompt times. And yeah, it’s free. How to use the GMAT AWA Rater to evaluate #038; grade GMAT essays. Step 1: Write your GMAT AWA essays in a text editor (like Notepad or MS Word).
Step 2: Organise the AWA essay into paragraphs. Step 3: Enter a blank line to indicate the completion of a paragraph. Step 4: Copy and paste the entire AWA essay in the big text box below. The rating for persuasive essay about population, your AWA essay will be displayed below the button. [For paid subscribers, we display the breakup and additional information as well.
If you are a GMAT trainer and would like your students to access our premium version, get in touch with us.] Parameters on which your GMAT AWA essay samples would be rated. Coherence and connectivity: This rating evaluates how the expressions #038; ideas flow across paragraphs. Whether you are expressing a point of view for or against good chinese essay, an argument, you can increase this rating by effectively using structure words and connectives. About? This strengthens the linkage of good common themes across the essay.
Organization: How you’ve divided the AWA essay into relevant paragraphs is persuasive about, tested under this parameter. You can take this score higher by organizing the essay into paragraphs. It is also desirable to demarcate the essay or trade, ideas by following the regular convention of leaving blank lines to mark the essay growth, logical and physical conclusion of that idea. The next paragraph can then build upon a related by distinct idea. Readability: Your grasp on the language and your ability to display the variety in it is tested here along with the sentence structure. You don’t get brownie points for analysis essay prompt, complicated sentences. Keep it simple and structured. Note: While the GMAT provides scores at intervals of 0.5 only, this GMAT AWA Rater provides scores in persuasive population growth, continuous decimal points so that you can know exactly how you’ve been progressing with every attempt. Essay Checker Limitations: What the GMAT AWA Essay Rater can’t do. The software based evaluator does not comprehend or rate the logical viability of the essay.
The submitted piece is evaluated as an independent argument essay on the above mentioned attributes. Antithesis Synthesis? In the current version, the persuasive, software skips grammatical mistakes. There may be many other limitations as well. Resume Respiratory? Rather than aim for perfection, the objective here is to offer something meaningful and useful. So instead of trying to focus on the shortcomings, use the output as an additional data point and continue using the other GMAT AWA templates or samples that you have, to improve your AWA skills. And while you focus on GMAT prep, make sure you understand the bigger picture of the world you are trying to enter. Read Beyond The MBA Hype. [If you don’t see the text box below this line, refresh the persuasive essay population growth, page] Disclaimer: The GMAT AWA rater uses a proprietary algorithm that has no connection with the official GMAT AWA rating logic.
Neither the and thesis, software nor MBA Crystal Ball are connected with the essay population, official GMAT team. The results aren’t meant to be an accurate indicator of your performance on the real GMAT test. Antithesis? Use it for practice and at your own risk. What do you think about the AWA essay rater? Let us know your thought in the comments below. If you are just starting off, here are some basic articles for essay growth, you: Liked the article? Show us some love.
Share it. The rater is no more accepting the essay I put in the box. Has it stopped working? Does it require any registration process which I need to go through. For security reasons, the of diabetes, AWA essay rater had an upper limit set for the number of essays that could be tested. Population? That number got shattered pretty quickly. Hi.. can you please explain about the and thesis synthesis, accuracy of persuasive population growth this tool?
@Bharath: The tool is only meant to provide an estimation. Read the section on limitations of the AWA rater. Don’t expect the same level of accuracy as the official GMAT AWA evaluation and rating algorithm. Is there any’ minimum number of words requirement’ for or trade, GMAT AWA? Thanks a lot Sameer. Pulkit, the about population, tool doesn’t ask for the code now. Please try again.
This site now requires a code, for a user to be able to take the antithesis and thesis synthesis, test, user needs to register on the website. Site allows max 10 attempts per registration. However, i have a doubt on the efficacy of the tool. I have been constantly scoring 5.5 + in every attempt and i do not consider myself to be that good or consistent :D. Is there any other alternate tool available online?
I tried looking for one but could not find it out. Thanks a ton Sameer! I tried, and it worked! I can practice any number of arguments here without worrying about the code or the number of attempts left! Big thanks =) It says “Unlock the Free AWA essay samples rating tool using your social media account.” I shared it on twitter but still I am not able to access it.
Please let me know how to use it? @jd: Your share hasn’t registered on Twitter. Persuasive Essay About Population? Are you sure you were logged in? According to the author the advertising on radio station helped the Cumquat Cafe to grow up the revenue. Character? In particular he says the business has increased by 10 percent over last year.
However this argument is very weak because its not consider any assumption that not not give the same author’s conclusion. Fist the population, argument ready assumes that the success of character analysis Cumquat Cafe is cased by the only about growth advertising on local radio. But this assumption is questionable because it overlooks a lot of other factors that might influenced the given results. For example the success is the consequence of the change of the menu or thanks to the change of the or trade, Cafe’s staff ( at firstly the chiefs). In addition the persuasive essay about population growth, author does not give any information about the competitors. Infact the increase of the Cafe’s business is due to the come out of any local competitor. As a result give these reasons the review of diabetes, author’s conclusion could not be accepted. In the essay about population, second place the argument claims that the advertising on radio gives more positive prospects in terms of profitable.
Even if it is granted that the advertising on radio helps to increase the visibility the same success is not guaranteed to any and all other business. In fact the success of a advertising compaign depends on the products that we want to sell. Once again the author’s conclusion in unconvincing. In conclusion, the argument is flawed for above-mentioned reasons and it is therefore unconvincing. Mellitus? It could be considerably strengthened if the author has considered more other variables.
Thank you for serving us this amazing thing. Now I scored a 6 upon 6 in a sample essay here even though the number of population growth words I used in the essay was 270 odd. Does that matter in GMAT(the total number of words used in the essay)? In the passage the author arrived at literature review on prevalence mellitus a conclusion that investors are best served by increasing their exposure to precious metals in order to take advantage of unique profit-making opportunity.Support for this claim takes the persuasive about growth, form , primarily , of an assumption that the demand for precious metals, such as gold and or trade, silver, is expected to be strong.On deeper analysis of about population subject at case failure hand, it becomes apparent that certain relevant aspects have not been taken into account, leading to a number of flaws. One such flaw is that demand for these precious metals is persuasive essay about population growth, largely driven by essay the economic growth of large emerging markets–China, India, and Russia , but passage does not indicate whether the economic growth will also increase for these countries. There can be a possibility that economic growth of essay about population these countries will decrease but still the demand for gold will be high.For instance irrespective of country’s economic growth people will still buy gold for study, other reasons other than investment. In order to strengthen the passage , the author should also specify some information about other factors that will make it clear that economic growth is not the persuasive essay about, sole parameter for high demand of growth. There can be a possibility that economic growth of the country is good but investors want to invest in literature review, security bonds instead of persuasive population growth gold as that is analysis essay prompt, considered as dead investment.
Another such flaw which significantly weakens the argument, is the population, assumption that investors who invest in gold will get the best result in comparison with those who have invested in other metals or securities, although it is not mentioned about the case nano failure, later investors. The line of reasoning I have employed points out several flaws in the passage. On closure examination of the matter, I conclude that the about growth, above passage is not logically sound. This is the essay i wrote. Can anyone help me know my rating for the below mentioned essay ? 1. “What really matters in the leadership of business and organizations is getting results, reaching benchmarks, and achieving success.” – In this issue the importance of ways of achieving success have been stated.
The aspirant can agree entirely with it, disagree completely or not take any side and present both sides of the issue. In any case, these need to be substantiated with actual examples of where business organizations either benefit from a result-oriented approach or they did badly because of it. In the respiratory, above argument the author has very correctly stated the formula for growth and success in a company or any organization. Essay About Growth? This theory is not just meant for the employee or an good chinese, individual but also for the growth and development of the organization as a whole. We have seen the real scenarios like the 5 Year Plan, 10 Year Plan which different parties campaign about during elections. Persuasive Essay Population? These target set by the party, makes a citizen to vote for a party and give them an opportunity to form government if the impact and antithesis and thesis synthesis, result of these target are convincing to the audience. As and when the party comes into power, they put in their best effort to persuasive about population achieve the target and antithesis, give results as they very well understand that only results will help them to continue their government else, the party might be voted out ! Competition is everywhere. It may be schools, colleges, firms, organizations etc. One has to get the results within the persuasive essay about growth, set time to prove himself/herself over others . Only then can he/she can expect the organization for an promotion or increment.
A theory which runs very truly in today’s scenario is the: Survival of the Fittest. @Sudesh / Mansi: You need to post your AWA essays in the text box in the main blog, not in the comments. While it may be true that Devis Technologies, a computer chip maker is essay or trade, facing problem of declining sales. The Author’s argument does not make a cogent case based on dropping its selling price. It is easy to understand that the company is having crucial time but this argument is rife with holes and persuasive essay population, assumptions and thus its not strong enough to derived a conclusion. Devis Technologies is having higher selling price of the chips this assumed by the writer and as per him this is the only reason responsible for fall in case on tata failure, sales. Even to essay growth strengthen this argument he has not given any evidence. The writer has also not informed about either by a survey or by previous data he comes to the conclusion that high prices are the only reason. The second thing which is assumed by the writer is based on quality of the product. As per the above statement quality of the product is not having any contribution in reduction of sales. There are possibilities that the literature on prevalence of diabetes mellitus, product is not getting share in the market due to inferior quality.
Moreover Competitors price and essay about, strategy is also not clear from the statement. There are so many so factors like Advertisement, Sales Distribution, Research development Departments are not working in manner which can result into company’s profitability. When it comes to technology things get updated very quickly so it is important for company to keep the pace with it. For Example, It our company have introduce a chip 1 year ago and our competitors have relaunch the same chip with some more advantages it will also effect company’s product. Last the writer has assumed that only this company is facing decline in sale rather than entire market of this product. It may possible that this is recession time for character analysis prompt, this product and every one is facing the same situation. To Conclude, after examining all the factors and angles Devis Technologies should consider above mention points to strengthen the above arguments as it is not justify now. A reminder to essay growth post in the text box in the main blog post (it’ll be visible after you like/share using any of the social media buttons) and not in the comments. The argument in asserting that greater government involvement in regulating the food manufacturing industry and laying emphasis on adding more minerals and literature review, vitamins in it’s products as a counter measure to reduce the essay about population, rate of adult-onset diabetes appears at first glance to be coherent and fairly convincing. However upon further examination of the case failure, argument and population growth, its underlying structure, a number of flaws and dubious assumptions become evident.
Among the pivotal shortcomings of the argument are its inability to back the conclusion with legitimate medical theories and failing to essay in pakistan acknowledge the fact that controlling adult-onset diabetes requires more that regulating the food manufacturing industry. Primarily, there is no statistical backing to the statement that the onset of diabetes is about growth, due to quality of foods available at low prices. The argument fails to answer whether adult-onset diabetes occurs only among people who eat food products available at low prices in comparison with control group, of people who never have food products at low prices. Secondly, the arguments asserts that government intervention in the food manufacturing industry can drastically improve the of diabetes mellitus, nutritional value of food products. Essay Growth? However, the ground reality is analysis essay prompt, that such regulation is usually accompanied by intense lobbying on the part of the persuasive growth, food manufacturers, which ends in a long arbitration process without any practical solutions.
The argument could have included other avenues to supplement government regulation such as creating an awareness among both the food manufacturers and the consumers on the ill-effects of essay on aid in pakistan food quality. Finally, assuming that the government is successful in about, making the character analysis, food industry to about population include more vitamins and resume, minerals, there is no factual data that suggests adult-onset of diabetes occurs due to lack of vitamins and minerals, and an increased intake of these nutrients will curb its rate. It seems equally plausible to say that the same can be achieved by reducing the carbohydrate and sugar content in the existing products will lead to similar results. In conclusion, it is clear that the argument in its current state contains many flaws most have been discussed above. Ultimately, the argument might have been strengthened by explaining the causes for persuasive essay, adult-onset diabetes how the proposed increase in minerals and vitamins will prevent it. Also, the argument, instead of putting all eggs in one basket, could have suggested alternative methods to supplement the government regulation of low-cost food product manufacturers. Awesome man! Thanks and much appreciated! The argument arrives at a conclusion to recommend clients to check all purchasing invoices based on the fact that a check of 10 percent invoices at Windfall Ltd. resulted in literature of diabetes, a $10,000 profit.
The argument further goes on to declare that it can help the consulting firm win the Windfall account. The presented argument has some merit, but it fails to be convincing as the premise seems to persuasive essay about population be insufficient and the logic to arrive at the conclusion seems to be flawed at various levels. First, the essay on aid in pakistan, premise that the checking of ten percent invoices led to $10,000 profit fails to acknowledge the proportion of this gain with respect to the overall monthly payments or the monthly gains of Windfall Limited. For example, if the firm makes about $100 million in essay population, payments every month and achieves about $50 million in net profit, then the $10,000 gain might not be very significant to the firm. Second, the argument also fails to recognise whether the cost involved in checking 10 percent of invoices was less than $10,000. Character Analysis Essay Prompt? The resources spent on checking these invoices could have been used to other productive areas within the persuasive about population growth, company. Thus, there is an angle of cost benefit analysis that the argument fails to address. Thirdly, the recommendation made by the author fails to address the cause of incorrect billings. Instead of recommending its clients to synthesis check invoices, an alternative approach to improving billings systems and processes should have been explored. Finally, the conclusion that this approach will help the consulting firm gain an account of Windfall Limited also seems to follow a weak logic. The client will not be won solely on a recommendation that demonstrates a rigorous approach – instead a sound financial analysis and about population, a strong supporting logic will be appreciated by the client.
Hence, if the argument answers the concerns raised above it can be more persuasive and complete. The assistant manager presents the evidence that when music of analysis essay prompt a particular country is played, the sale of wine from that country is greater than the essay, sale of wine from another country. He then concludes that the speciality food from a particular country should be put on sale for a week and the music from that country should be played. He believes that this will result in an increase in the stores profits and that the store will be able to antithesis synthesis ascertain in advance what items they should stock up on. However, the assistant manager uses non relevant evidence to form his conclusion. The argument lacks any solid evidence and will be refuted with examples. The comparison of essay about population wine sales to the sale of other items is not valid, as the wine is respiratory, not on discount whereas the manager recommends that the other items be put on discount. Persuasive Essay Population? A consumer will buy items on sale, irrespective of the music played. For instance, a store selling german sausages at a discount, will be able to attract customers because of the lower price of the sausages compared to regular rates, irrespective of essay or trade in pakistan whether german music is played. The manager concludes that by selling items on sale through the entire week, the store will make a profit.
Surely, even if this were true it cannot be the persuasive about, best case scenario as an even more substantial profit could be made by selling the items at full price, and hence receiving a larger margin of profit. Further, to sell items on sale for a whole week the store would have to have a phenomenal amount of review on prevalence stock in its warehouse, of items from that particular country whose produce is on persuasive about population, sale. Generally, stores do not have old stock in review on prevalence, bulk from a particular country and population growth, hence will be providing fresh stock on case study nano, sale, which will further dig into what could have been potentially high profit margins. Finally, while the persuasive about population growth, manager cites the effect of music on review on prevalence of diabetes, wine sales, he concludes about the effect of music on sales of all food from a country. This is an invalid assumption.
For instance, while Italian music may uplift a customers mood and edge him or her to reminiscent of good times and persuasive essay about population, purchase Italian wine, it may not make the same consumer purchase everything from Italian Wine to Italian Bread, Italian Cheese, Italian Pasta, Italian Ice cream and so on. Only a very niche customer would be likely to do so, while the resume respiratory, majority will be satisfied with their wine purchase, and population growth, then move on to buy their regular grocery from other countries, while listening to on prevalence of diabetes mellitus the soothing Italian music. The assistant manager, uses vague reasoning and is erroneous in his conclusion. To strengthen his conclusion he would have to cite relevant facts. His recommendation is essay growth, ill-logical and is unlikely to be carried out into action. On Aid Or Trade? The end result he claims to believe would be impossible to achieve via the proposed course of action. The Argument presented here arrives at population the conclusion that to study nano improve the company’s profitability and persuasive about population, enhance the perception of the consumer more reduction in prices should take place.
In order to support this conclusion the author presents a case of one of the energy drink’s reduction in resume respiratory, prices and the effect which it had on the perception of the target consumers.The Author explains reasons of the increase in particular Energy drinks’s Unit sales is comprehended to this changed perception and essay about, the way the promotional offer is study nano, well received by many of the persuasive population growth, customers. The Author in order to come to this conclusion has made many basic assumptions which when negated could actually weaken this argument.Firstly, he tries to antithesis and thesis synthesis assume that the Energy drink market is persuasive about, fairly uniform and equivalent to resume respiratory all sections of essay population growth society. Secondly, he assumes that the Customer base for on prevalence, all the energy drink is comparable and about population, the target groups for all the energy drink is same.Finally, he fails to on prevalence consider the Overall increase in sales of the energy drinks with regards to his competitors by mistakenly assuming that only persuasive about population his energy drink has increase in the sales without considering the market share increase of review of diabetes his drink. These basics assumptions could weaken his argument making him vulnerable to critics.However answering few questions or giving more information about the energy drink and his target market could quite strengthen his argument.Information about the market share of the energy drink is required.Also it would be good basis to give the data of the Competitor’s sales which could make the Unit sales of the essay population, company more comparable and respiratory, more strong with statistics.He could define the word “Perception” and how the persuasive essay about population, customer sees his energy drink and what are the different “Perceptions” about the other energy drinks in market.He could also target and list down what are the other perceptions which could enhance these perceptions about his energy drinks. Thus the argument by the author is analysis prompt, quite on a week platform which has many assumptions and is very vulnerable to critics.
Its lacking many data point and information which could have strengthened the case of the argument.However with some more study of the essay about growth, argument and inclusion of some more viewpoints and data this argument can be made more solid and debatable. Q. The following appeared in a memorandum from the business department of the Apogee Company: “When the Apogee Company had all its operations in one location, it was more profitable than it is today. Therefore, the Apogee Company should close down its field offices and conduct all its operations from a single location. Synthesis? Such centralization would improve profitability by about population growth cutting costs and helping the company maintain better supervision of character analysis all employees.” Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to essay analyse the line of antithesis synthesis reasoning and the use of evidence in persuasive essay, the argument. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and and thesis, what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the essay, conclusion. You can also discuss what sort of character essay prompt evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and essay, what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion. In the passage, the literature on prevalence of diabetes mellitus, business department of the Apogee Company argues that the company should have centralised operations from a single location to improve profits and to maintain a better supervision of all employees.
This argument is essay, based on the premises that centralisation will reduce cost, and that the review on prevalence of diabetes mellitus, reason for the erstwhile profitability of the company has a direct co-relation with its central operations. The argument also seems to population growth rest on good chinese essay, the premise that supervision of the employees is essay population, always done by central agencies, thus rendering it easier and better when the operations are concentrated in one central location. However, on closer examination, it becomes apparent that certain relevant aspects have not been taken into account, leading to a number of mistaken assumptions and logical flaws. One such flaw is the questionable assumption that the company was earlier more profitable because all its operations were in one location. However, no data has been given in support of antithesis synthesis this assumption. It is possible that earlier the cost of its raw material was less due to more availability or that the Apogee Company could command higher prices in the market due to less fierce competition. There could be several other reasons as well. In order to strengthen this assumption, the persuasive essay growth, company should analyse the relevant data to find out exactly what the on prevalence, reason for higher profitability was and whether it had anything to do with centralised operations or some other factors (such as demand, cost of the input material, change in taxation, etc.)
Moreover, the company argues that centralisation will bring down the cost. This may not be true as the company’s logistics and travel cost may go up due to having just one central location. A comparative analysis of relevant data points such as reduction in about population growth, the cost of real estate and maintenance of various operations vis-a-vis increased travel cost and freight cost would help better understand whether the aforementioned assumption is a sound one. The company also argues that supervision of employees will be easier and more effective in character essay, a central location. This assumption is flawed as many employees, especially those involved in sales and market development may need to population be travelling to far off areas and if the company has all its supervisors centrally located, it may lead to poorer rather than better supervision. The company should analyse similar situations in other organisations and the effectiveness of centralised supervision to determine the nature of impact of the centralisation on employee supervision before concluding. After close examination of the passage presented, it is apparent that there are many logical flaws. The recommendations in the essay show how the argument could be strengthened and made more logically sound.
It says failed to load :( Can you copy paste it for me and tell me my result? While the passage provides a valid fact that the Apogee Company was doing well before decentralization, it fails to make a cogent case. There are various compelling evidence that should have been evaluated before reaching the case study nano, conclusion. Firstly, the argument fails to consider various other factors that could have been the about population growth, reason behind the company being less profitable.
Perhaps the macro-economic factors such as the economy facing a decline in the previous year affected profitability. The department might not have accounted for the costs of relocation and on prevalence of diabetes mellitus, the costs to develop the field offices. The argument would be severely weakened if we remove the fixed cost expenses and essay about growth, then compared the profitability as there is essay on aid in pakistan, a significant chance that profits were hurt by opening the satellite offices. Also, if the company closes the field offices and moves back to a single location, it would incur further relocation costs that would continue to affect profitability. It discounts the fact that field offices in multiple location has its merits; diversification lowers risks and would increase the reach of the company. The argument would be weakened if there are figures that reveal how their competitors improved communication with customers and increased brand recall by opening multiple offices. Furthermore, the argument assumes a few factors that might not necessarily be true. One assumption is persuasive about growth, that the case study on tata, company would be profitable if it moves to one spot; there is a significant chance that external factors continue to drain profits.
It also assumes that better supervision of the employees would improve profitability; it is essay population, certainly plausible that the employees are diligent workers and supervision would not have a profound effect. The argument would hold more water if the writer had given figures pertaining to the exact costs that would be cut; also, it would have helped if he had given specific examples of effective supervision. Antithesis And Thesis? The metric behind judging profitability is unclear, and the writer would be able to bolster his claim if the exact metrics are made clear and relevant examples are given to demonstrate how operations from a single location improved profitability. This memorandum is from the business department and a more holistic approach to the issue with input from multiple departments would make the argument more valid. It would have been helpful if the author had mentioned reasons why the company opened multiple locations in the first place; perhaps it was forced by pressing concerns that would render this particular centralization argument void. Thus it can be agreed upon that asserting that centralization is the sole factor behind profitability as the ultimate truth is fallacious. “Education comes not from books but from practical experience.”
The author says that “Education comes not from books but from practical experience”. Persuasive About? First, the argument readily assumes that the education does not comes from or trade, books but from practical experience.This statement is a stretch and not substantiated in any way. There are numerous examples in other areas of education that proves learning is done via books and is rather successful. For instance, mathematics is the subject which can be taught from practical knowledge and learning through books is the best bet. Another example is the subject History. Essay About Population? One cannot travel back in time or to those places to teach through practical knowledge. Books are the most standard and of diabetes, reliable way to essay about growth study history and it’s importance. Clearly with above examples, one can definitely say that it is wrong to assume that education is best fed though practical knowledge.The argument could have been much more clearer if it would have talked about specific field of education where practical experience is more important that bookish knowledge. Second, there are examples where practical knowledge is important to have better understanding of a subject.
But this in no way allows to scrape out the learning from books. For example take MBBS, where practical sessions are key to master that field but for that also, one needs to have thorough theory knowledge that comes from books. In addition , from and thesis, above example it is clear that practical experience is important but it cannot stand strong alone. It has to essay be combined with good theory lessons. In fact there is no direct correlation evidence given to prove that practical knowledge is antithesis and thesis synthesis, directly proportional to better education. If any such cases would have been given or demonstrated, the about population growth, author would have sounded bit more convincing. Finally , what I personally feel that any education without theoretical knowledge is incomplete. Practical experience can polish your skills and literature review on prevalence of diabetes mellitus, make you more professional and expert in persuasive, any field. For that to happen, one’s theory base has to be really strong to excel. Is it possible to make primary school pass out , a manager of respiratory a company ? Or why do every school or education system is designed to persuasive essay about have a theory classes in the beginning of the course followed by respiratory a practical sessions?
Without having convincing answers to these questions, one is persuasive, left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence. “What really matters in the leadership of business and organizations is chinese, getting results, reaching benchmarks, and about, achieving success.” The argument claims that the good essay, “What really matters in the leadership of business and organizations is getting results, reaching benchmarks, and achieving success.” Stated in persuasive essay population, this way the argument fails to mention several key factors, on the basis of on aid or trade in pakistan which it could be evaluated. The conclusion of the persuasive essay about, argument relies on the assumptions for which there is no clear evidence.Hence argument is weak and has several flaws. First, the argument readily assumes that getting results , reaching benchmarks and achieving success are the prime most important factors to define success in business.This statement is the stretch and is not substantiated in any way. There are numerous examples in other areas of business and commerce where these factors vary from person to person and one cannot define the benchmark for success.
For instance, take an example of a small cafe or restaurant which provides good food, elegant ambiance and great customer satisfaction. There may not be many people knowing about this place or it may not be that famous but still,it might have got loyal regular and happy customers and makes enough profit margin. The restaurateur can say that his business is running successfully as hes happy with the on aid or trade in pakistan, customers comments and persuasive population growth, decent profit his cafe is literature of diabetes mellitus, making.On the other hand, take an about population growth, example of McDonalds, we all know how much popular it is across the globe and thousands of customers visit it daily , making the profits in millions. So if that small restaurateur looks at study on tata this success, he may get intimidated and must not have achieved the persuasive essay growth, benchmarks as compared to McDonalds. Thus the argument would have been much more clearer if it explicitly gave examples of a particular company and it’s benchmark considerations. Second,there are many organizations who do not even consider monetary gain to and thesis define their success. The happiness or the pleasure of about population growth giving back to society defines their success.
Their benchmark and literature review on prevalence of diabetes, success would be summed by the no of people who have gained from population growth, it . One such example is Teach for India. This organization was not established to make profits like most of the antithesis, other organizations. They help children from all parts of India getting basic education with the aim of making everyone educated and make them stand on persuasive population, their own legs. This may be success for them and on tata nano, this would be the case of persuasive about many other similar organization. So every person and respiratory, organization may have different parameters to measure their success and results. For some, it may be money, for some it may be eternal happiness of helping others. If any such particular case would have been given or demonstrated, the author would have sounded bit more convincing. Finally, one cannot simply define the parameters of getting success or achieving results.
This may vary from individual thinking and cannot be declared as the standard thumb rule. So author should have specified it more clearly with examples. Making money may be success for one but not for other. Persuasive Growth? Having satisfied feeling of helping and doing for people even at your own cost can be blissful for one but may be bitter for other. so what is the parameter , that author has assumed to define success or meeting results should have been mentioned explicitly. In conclusion, the argument is flawed for the above-mentioned reasons and literature, is therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts supporting the persuasive population growth, various parameters he is considering to define success and meeting benchmarks .In order to assess the literature review on prevalence of diabetes, merits of a certain situation/decision, it is essential to have full knowledge of all contributing factors. Without this information, the argument remains unsubstantiated and open to debate. Discoveries and inventions are not born from essay about, nothingness.
If necessity is the mother of invention, then an equally competent father would be a combination of curiosity, scientific temperament, and research skills. With the literature, firm belief that I possess these skills, I aspire to fulfill my dream of pursuing advanced research in an application-oriented field, by obtaining my Master’s degree in Electrical engineering. As a stepping-stone towards this dream, I am pursuing my Bachelor of Technology degree in Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering from persuasive about growth, SRM University, ranked first among many private institutions in India. This has laid a strong foundation for mellitus, my graduate studies. There are two reasons why I believe that a graduate study in an esteemed university, such as yours, is necessary for a person aspiring for a research career. Firstly, working under the guidance of experts whose work would inspire and mould a student effectively into persuasive essay, a creative and liberal thinker and researcher. Secondly, the emphasis on independent learning is an ideal way of making students capable and knowledgeable in a specialization and keeping abreast of the latest technological developments. Keeping the aforementioned points in mind, I have chosen Signal Processing as my field of specialization. I believe that graduate studies in this area will help me achieve my career goals.
I am fortunate to belong to a family that places my education as a top priority. I hail from an upper middle class Indian family of advanced degree holders. My late mother was a gazetted officer (high-ranked executive in antithesis and thesis synthesis, Indian government and a member of Chamber of Commerce). My father is an administrative official in persuasive essay growth, the Indian law ministry. Of Diabetes Mellitus? My parents have been my role models in the way they have brought up my sister and persuasive essay, me in a conservative Indian society, with modern thoughts and analysis essay prompt, progressive ideas.
They have managed to provide me with top quality education, rich cultural values and sowed the persuasive essay population, seeds of passion for higher education in me. Resume Respiratory? My elder sister is pursuing her PhD in Bio-engineering at persuasive about growth Chicago and I have always admired her dedication and perseverance in her area of of diabetes interest. I also have many cousins in the USA pursuing graduate studies or working as engineers in population, exciting fields. Their guidance and advice, along with constant motivation by the professor (Dr. Joselin Retna Kumar) who taught me Digital Signal Processing in college, strengthened my desire to pursue graduate studies. Dr. Kumar described his graduate years as one of his most fulfilling times, his passion resonated with me and I knew that conducting research geared towards creating knowledge was the or trade, academic and professional path I sought.
My enthusiasm to participate in research on Signal Processing, and mainly Image Processing stemmed from my love for event photography. My curiosity to understand the gestures, relationships and actions involved in social events spiked my interest. I believe images allow us to store, retrieve, communicate, and transmit data and also serve as a medium to understand the world around us. In my opinion, one has to strike a balance between gaining technical knowledge and translating that into practical applications. I am confident about my ability and population, scientific acumen to apply the knowledge I gain and improve myself on a daily basis. Chinese? Signal processing is the tool that would help us tackle daily challenges and simultaneously convey scientific solutions in universal jargon across varied sections of society. It is said that a picture speaks a thousand words and an understanding and analysis of each of them is persuasive about, very important. I wish to study in chinese, detail about image processing and population, computer vision, along with machine learning methods to frame new algorithms. The mathematics and science involved in literature mellitus, this aspect are great in scope, and comprises of abundant uncharted areas for research. I hope to integrate technologies from various fields, such as machine learning and algorithms, into image processing.
With successful image processing, we can automate a lot of tasks such as medical surgeries and video surveillance using visuals – this is the driving force of my research. My innate passion to learn new concepts and my enthusiasm to apply them motivated me to seek relevant opportunities and gain hands-on experience. My first practical encounter with Electronics was during my sophomore year, when I built a ‘digital cymometer’ using a zero-crossing comparator. I converted sine, square, sawtooth, and other cycle waveforms to Transistor-Transistor Logic (TTL) form followed by micro-controller-based frequency computing. I optimized the code and persuasive essay about, algorithm to guarantee accuracy. This boosted my confidence to take up more challenging projects that included constructing a ‘traffic light control system’ using 89S51 micro-controller and building an in pakistan, ‘A/D and D/A converter’ using basic components such as ICs, diodes, transistors, and resistors. Persuasive Essay About Population Growth? Also, I successfully built an obstacle detector and a line-following robot using Arduino Uno as the micro-controller.
Such projects along with courses like Digital Signal Processing, Robotics and Automation, Power Electronics, and Microprocessor and Micro-controller bolstered my idea of pursuing graduate studies in this specialization. My interest in the field of case on tata nano signal processing has been instrumental in conceptualizing two very crucial, interdisciplinary projects that would directly impact our lifestyle and well being. The first one was designing a cost-effective temperature-controlled baby incubator, and incorporating an persuasive essay growth, auditory system that would fill the incubator with maternal heart sounds, while reducing background noise by employing microphones and speakers to synthesis capture and send audio signals. The biggest challenge was to ensure that the product’s efficacy and safety is obtained at an economical cost. Currently, we are in talks with a hospital that would let us experiment with the prototype. The other significant project I undertook was to devise a stress meter using fuzzy logic and Case Based Reasoning (CBR). The concept involved developing a wearable galvanic skin response meter for population growth, sweat level monitoring in patients. This response meter will detect anxiety and stress levels. I analyzed hundreds of patient records to understand the usage behavior based on age, sex, occupation, and other parameters.
After successfully constructing the response meter, I wrote a paper describing my research, which I plan to submit to a relevant journal soon. Presently, I am trying to integrate a control action such as playing soft music when the person is under stress. My undergraduate capstone project is essay, focused on replacing the repetitive pick and place motion performed by humans by essay growth an automatic material handling system. The proposed solution employs image-processing techniques along with a robotic arm using a universal gripper to classify and sort the objects on antithesis synthesis, a running conveyor belt. The greatest supplement to my academic experience has been the opportunity to be part of service-learning. Apart from maintaining my academic position within the top 5% students in my class, I have actively and zealously pursued my hobbies. ”One person’s life can influence the lives of an persuasive, unbelievable number of people”, this is one of the most important lessons I learnt, being a part of a non-profit organization – Make A Difference (MAD). I held major positions such as Finance Controller for MAD Chennai, and a mentor for good essay, children at risk.
I was involved in persuasive about population growth, tutoring underprivileged adolescents, managing finances, and counseling 11th and 12th graders towards a chosen career goal. Study On Tata Nano? In addition to community service, extra-curricular activities and college clubs were a fundamental part of my education. My extensive involvement in various quizzes, concerts, technical and non-technical fests illustrate this. Along with singing, I am also a keen basketball and a throw-ball player. I have led my team in numerous tournaments and persuasive essay about growth, competitions. My interpersonal skills and of diabetes mellitus, leadership qualities helped me sustain through the varied roles and emerge out as a team player, every time. Having grown up in a country with a rich potpourri of ethnicity, diverse beliefs and religious practices, I have learned to appreciate the fact that racial harmony requires respect, tolerance and open-mindedness towards accepting cultural differences, rather than drawing comparisons or sensing disparities.
Prevalence of a diverse and inclusive culture at SRM University has also improved my ability to work in diverse groups. Each student brought his or her own unique cultural background and growth, experience. Living and learning together instilled. self-confidence and a spirit of camaraderie within me. My undergraduate years have made me experience something similar to a Copernican inversion of my inner being. My quest for answers drove me towards reading and analyzing different scientific concepts, learn about the latest research in the field and think about the character analysis prompt, gaps in knowledge. Persuasive About Growth? Seminars and conferences pushed me in the best ways to essay on aid or trade in pakistan broaden, question, and to evolve my ideas and approaches suitably.
I have always striven hard to achieve deep understanding of concepts in all the courses I took and the research projects I pursued. The research carried on signal processing under Dr. Persuasive? Charles Boncelet, Dr. Kenneth E. Barner and Dr. Gonzalo R. Arce and in particular the techniques concocted by them in the field of image processing best suits my pursuits.
I believe that I possess the desire, the intellectual ability, and character analysis prompt, the preparation to do justice to essay population a demanding graduate program and to make significant contributions to the ongoing research at on tata your University as a student, as a researcher and as a teaching assistant. It is my belief that all success stories are built on partnerships, symbiotic relationships between the subject and people or entities that come in contact. Similarly, the essence of university education lies in the success of the symbiotic relationship between the student, and his/her department. With your reputation in population growth, the field of my choice, I am sure working under you would be greatly beneficial to me. At the antithesis and thesis, same time, I am confident of contributing meaningfully to the research endeavors at University of Delaware. It is with this in mind that I am looking forward to a long and rewarding relationship with you. The conclusion, recent surge in persuasive about population growth, violence in the west of the city is because of shortage of police officers could be right, as a neighborhood prone to continuous violence requires an adequate number of police force to keep a check on those, who indulge in fomenting tension. However, to conclude that the case nano failure, only way to end the problem of violence is, doubling the police force is a serious mistake. To affect permanent peace requires more than doubling the persuasive growth, police force, and here the passage-writer makes a series of faulty conclusions about the problems in the west side of the city, and therefore suggests flawed solutions. The first major flaw of the argument is resume, comparing two sides of persuasive cities, without providing any clue if they are similar or different.
If, the good chinese, two sides of the city are similar, than a reduction in the budget and the police force in the north side, at least for a long time, is not advisable. However, if the north side of the about population growth, city is character analysis, not witnessing any violence due to composition of the society, than perhaps, its budget and the police force is just adequate to maintain the peace. Therefore, before making a suggestion to reduce the budget and the police force in the north side of the city, only because there is no violence, a proper assessment of the persuasive essay about growth, probable eruption of violence should be conducted. The argument points towards few characteristic features of the west side of the city: lack of political leadership, people of different culture and society are living there, and antithesis and thesis, mostly young population. Thus, creates a picture of a place with extremely high likelihood of violence. Further, to say that educational development and creating job opportunities are peripheral issues reinforces image of a place, where violence can be controlled by force only.
The problem with continuous low-intensity violence is persuasive essay population growth, that sometimes it surges to a threatening level in very short period of time. In the case of sudden surge in violence in any place, increasing the number of the police officer is case on tata, only solution. But to persuasive population growth deal with a place, as defined by the passage-writer requires some creative thinking. The lack of political leadership can be substituted by respiratory increasing dialogue among communities. The argument, the violence is also due to the lack of leadership is right. Had there been communities’ leaders available at the time of need, violence might not have surged to essay population a threatening level. Resume? Thus, the city mayor should take steps to encourage dialogue among people of different culture and different faith. The mostly young population- the word, “young” is misleading, as it hides the actual age composition the society.
However, if the essay, word young refers to review on prevalence of diabetes age group of persuasive 15 to 30, than the city mayor is right to focus on educational development and creating job opportunities- as idle youths often take to crime and violence. Sometimes, a problem requires multiple solutions; similar is the case of the violence. The argument errs to focus on only one aspect of the violence that is lack of enough police officers. The city mayor has to look into various aspects of a problem. Thus, the city mayor is right to respiratory focus on educational development and creating job opportunities. However, the mayor should take steps to increase dialogues among different communities, as only trust among communities ensures lasting peace. Get the essay about population, best-selling MBA Book that the case nano failure, Top B-School Admission Officers are praising. Join thousands who've shattered the hype. Read more.
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Essay: Using Humor in the Teaching-Learning Process To Improve the Students’ Speaking Skill. It is important for English techniques and strategies to help enhance students’ speaking abilities, among other English skills they also need to develop. Furthermore, realizing that speaking is very important for English learners, it is essential for English teachers to encourage the students to speak. They seem to have difficulties in deciding what material must be used and essay about how to essay on aid in pakistan teach speaking appropriately. Moreover, they must be able to find out the ways of how to make speaking easier and introduce the fun activities for the students to learn. In this case, teachers have responsibilities to guide the students during the learning process and to give motivation to essay population growth them to improve their English especially in the speaking skill. Teachers’ effective use of humor is generally viewed as a positive factor in the classroom (Check 1986:5).
It may even influence the effectiveness of teacher power and compliance-gaining strategies. Wheeless, Stewart, Keamey, #038; Plax (1987) note that compliance is an enactment of power. Likewise, if teachers exert humor in the classroom, they will be seen as more powerful by character analysis essay their students. Possibly, teachers could gain more compliance from students through the utilization of humor. 1.1Statement of the problem.
Teachers come in two types: Boss teacher and persuasive about population lead teacher. Character Essay Prompt! Boss teacher is substantially known as authoritative, imposing, demanding, dominant, and oriented. Undoubtedly, these characteristics lead to learners’ misbehavior, poor self-esteem, and low learning motivation. Conversely, lead teacher is about, known as democratic, open-minded, facilitator and most importantly motivator and friendly; He plays up the emotional growth of learners in an effective classroom environment. Students are entirely influenced by essay in pakistan classroom setting, the content of the persuasive about population syllabi and essay especially the way they are presented. This means that the more inappropriate learning conditions occur the less enjoyable lessons; and persuasive the more bored the and thesis students will be.
Hence, teachers should be aware of how to harmonize students with EFL learning, and hasten to growth look for the suitable strategy that allows them to enhance learning especially speaking skill. Because teachers at Abbes Laghrour university face many obstacles in English language teaching and literature review mellitus as for the students, they lack confidence to speak English with their teachers and classmates because most the of them complain about such difficulties in pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, psychological obstacles as shyness, fears, hesitation They also lack of opportunity to use English in their daily lives.for learning and helps them feel at ease, secure, increases their sense of The study is a suggestion to use humor as a pedagogical and psychological strategy in persuasive essay about, classroom which makes students influenced positively to raise their desire belonging to the class. Case Study! So that allows them to be engaged and get involved into persuasive essay population, the lesson, creates friend-ship between teacher and learners; as well as, facilitates communication between them. Students certainly will get rid of anxiety and boredom; they will get ready to receive information and enhance learning in general and speaking skill in particular. 1.2. Resume! The aim of the study. The researcher aims in essay about, this study to interview EFL learners by increasing their level of speaking skill.
Admitting the fact that students need to chinese essay enjoy learning to persuasive essay growth progress, the study attempts to antithesis synthesis attest to the effectiveness of humor as a pedagogical and psychological strategy through investigating its positive effects on learning. In order to check the validity of the hypothesis, the following questions should be answered: A- Does the use of essay about population humor in resume respiratory, the English foreign language classroom facilitate the persuasive students’ speaking skill? B- How can teachers use humor in chinese, the teaching process? C- What guidelines can be made for the use of humor in about, English as a foreign language? 1.3. The Hypothesis. This work attempts to case test the about population following hypothesis:
Teaching English by using humor can improve the students -speaking skill. Humor is a powerful tool needed by teachers to create a multi-harmony relationship: teacher-teaching, teacher-students, students -students, students-learning. It represents the effectiveness of communicative classroom since it helps avoid classroom monotony and anxiety as well as it allows students’ self-esteem and self-confidence to literature review on prevalence of diabetes arise. Humor not only establishes students’ engagement and involvement in the lesson, but also develops students’ productivity in EFL through providing positive learning atmosphere. Teachers’ mood is essay, one of the major factors that impacts students’ attitudes toward learning. Harmer (1998) claims that teachers’ characteristics like being fed up and in a bad-humor negatively influence their learners, so they should look for enjoyable and invigorating strategies. Humor, for instance, is a pedagogically effective strategy that can be used to avoid the negative impact of the negative characters of teachers since “students enjoy being entertained and amused”(Harmer, 1998, p.1).In other words, the happier learning students feel; the case study failure more successful they will be. Humor is defined by saying what makes the others amused.(Vossler, Sheidlower, 2011)say that in classroom, humor is not only being funny or saying what is laughable, but also is giving the about impression of being friendly and having affinity with learners .Gatt (2000) defines Humor as follows: It is the or trade in pakistan ‘breathing-out of the soul’. When during the lesson the students only listen to the teacher, who may be teaching in the same tone, then it is as if they only breathe in and have no opportunity to breathe out. They need humor, which the teacher can find in very different places.
Therefore the teacher must bring in humor during his lessons and this humor should result from the vitality and momentum of the persuasive essay about population lesson. Students prefer being in classroom situation that stimulates them to learn. Leonard (1968) asserts that the best environment for antithesis and thesis synthesis, learning is the interactive (as cite in Wrench, 2008, p.46) where students participate rather than being merely receptive (Jones #038; Jones, 1981, as cited in Wrench, 2008, p.46).As for the fundamental role humor plays in classroom, it creates active students in a communicative environment. The smooth running of lessons ensues. Essay! Furthermore, (Morrison, 2008) describes humor by tonic for effective teaching.
She states that the case nano purposeful use of humor ignites students’ boredom, stress, depression, shyness, fear, and anger. Persuasive Growth! Humor is the best “brain food”. It is the antithesis synthesis link between brain and learning; it rings the persuasive essay growth brain’s bell to activate “memory” to start storage to push them up for exchange information’ to speak out loud without any fears. So, information presented humorously is extremely memorable. Berk, also, notes that Humor can create an unforgettable image if it is accompanied by the use of” your words plus your physical expressiveness in your eyes, face, hands and literature on prevalence of diabetes arms, and persuasive about growth the rest of your body”(2003, p. Case Study On Tata Nano! 64). Sylwester assumes that emotions are considered as the stimulus of persuasive essay about learning; they attract the attention which is required to learn (as cited in Morrison, 2008, p.2).Emotions can be presented by humor. Literature Review On Prevalence Mellitus! When teacher uses humor, students become enthusiastic to attend the essay about population class for a long time, and feel interested in literature review on prevalence of diabetes mellitus, what is persuasive essay population growth, being said by the teacher. Humor does not only prepare successful learners but also successful speakers whereas, the pronunciation is the most important goals of learning languages. Or Trade! As for teaching, it is necessary to use humor since it retains students’ attendance, improves trust between teacher and learners, and persuasive essay population provides positive energy. This latter maintains high morale and makes flexible learners; it enables them to character analysis prompt be up to different situations and changes by evaporating stress when facing obstacles.
Humor is “catalyst for creativity”. It allows thinking critically which results producing and combining new ideas. Those ideas are necessarily demanded for managing problems-solving .Correspondingly, Morrison (2008) states that humor gives an “optimistic energy” that increases confidence so as to respond to stress and persuasive essay about adapt to review on prevalence of diabetes mellitus difficulties. She distinctly mentions humor is the paramount source of creativity and imagination. Humor positively affects the brain. Essay About! It enables learners create various ideas. Loomans #038; Kolberg #038; Weston #038; Allen go further, arguing that what makes somebody laugh may be is not for another since humor differs according to gender, generation and culture. However, some forms of humor are universal.
Therefore, teachers should apply that latter to suit all learners (2002).Moreover, they confirm that teachers necessarily have positive attitudes toward what they do to character analysis essay fulfill their satisfaction and enthusiasm in order to, at the end, lighten the class. Being humorous as well is one of the persuasive about population essential basics for much more lightened class; it permits learning to be a “joyous experience not a dread one”. Loomans categorized humor benefits. Social benefits: it sparks creativity, improves the respiratory likelihood of belonging to teams, and persuasive essay growth decreases conflicts. Physical benefits: it contacts the internal organs and sends them messages to reduce stress, as well as regulates blood pressure. And most importantly, benefits for learning: it reinforces many learning skills such as critical thinking skill, communication skill, and cooperative learning skill. 1.5. On Aid! Research method.
In this study, the researcher has been looking for a correlation between two variables humor and students’ speaking skill achievements. In other words, this study examines whether humor is an effective pedagogical, and psychological strategy or not; it is a students’ requirement or not. The method adopted has been based on about population growth, two questionnaires delivered to the first year English LMD students and teachers at Abbes Lagrour University. Antithesis And Thesis! The students’ questionnaire results reveal the importance of humor in EFL process as a students’ requirement and its importance to persuasive growth improve their speaking skill achievements. The second questionnaire delivered to English teachers of the same students.
Researcher has been based on students and their teachers requirements, needs and point of antithesis and thesis synthesis view about the persuasive about growth research topic as they considered the main sides of the teaching- learning process .Analysis and the discussions of the resume respiratory results of both questionnaires to decide whether humor is an effective teaching-learning tool to enhance the speaking skill or not. 1.6. Limitation of the study. It is important to indicate some difficulties when collecting background data. Looking for references especially books was the main obstacle the researcher faced. Gathering information for the review of literature took time what hindered the progress of the study conducted. First, this research is conducted through the use of two questionnaires as one procedure which is oriented toward students and teachers only. Classroom observation procedures needs a long period of time to collect information and to watch thoroughly what is going on in the classroom and pay attention to the sudden changes that may take place in essay about population, order to guarantee its reliability. Second, the term humor is very assorted that makes the and thesis researcher has been obliged to use the term humor in its general meaning without precise one kind at the expense of another, in some times the essay researcher use terms as (laugh, amusement), as a synonyms of the essay on aid in pakistan term humor. Chapter 1 (theoretical part) Section 1 Humor.
Humor is the link between effective teaching and successful learning. A side from being a social behavior and an integral part of our humanity, humor is a powerful teaching tool that promotes non threatening learning environment, and breaks the ice down between teacher and students. Then rapport and persuasive essay about population trust Relationship between them are evolved. In that sense, Tom Davis says: “The job of the teacher is to on tata nano get students laughing, and when their mouths are open, to give them something on persuasive population growth, which to literature mellitus chew”. Why humor is solidly related to teaching? “Attitude and behavior are a key part of your role as a tutor, since they can be so influential”(Morss #038; Murray, 2005, p. Persuasive Essay About! 141). Being boring is one of the major sins in teaching (powers, 2005) as boredom and dullness can kill students motivation and negate their desire to learn (Deiter, 2000). In addition, content is firmly connected to pedagogy; what is taught is as important as how it is taught(Chickering #038; Gamson, 1987);the teacher should be able to present the lesson in essay, engaging way (Flanagan, 2007) Humor is the growth demanded strategy.
It helps “to your subject knowledge with influencing social interactions and shaping the climate and motivations of students”(Morss #038; Murray, 2005, p. 141).Appropriate and timely humor in the classroom can foster cognitive processes, affective and emotional processes (Berk, 1996), as well as contribute to over all teaching effectiveness (Kher #038; Molstad #038; Donahue, 1999). Although humor is valuable teaching tool, many teacher underutilize it (Deniere, 1995), and challenge its use in classroom (Berk, 1998).Gravely said, ??This is a time in school history when humor is vanishing and in some instances has disappeared altogether” (Morisson, 2008, p.71). Then, a contradiction has arisen between what is resume respiratory, discovered, about humor, by scholars and about population growth what really happens in good chinese essay, classroom. In general, humor is saying something or acting in a way that makes the others amused. To Oxford Advanced Learners’ Dictionary, since the late 16th century, humor takes the following definition: ‘the quality in persuasive population, something that makes it funny or amusing; the ability to case nano laugh at things that are amusing’.
In Latin, the term derived from ‘umor’ which refers to ‘bodily fluid’ (control human health and emotion). Similarly, in ancient Greek, humor derived from ‘humors’ that means ‘the balance of fluids in the human body’. Persuasive Essay About Population! Webster’s Dictionary defines humor as “quality of imagination quick to perceive the ludicrous or to express itself in an amusing way; fun; caprice; disposition; mood; state of mind.”(As cited in Shade, 1996, p. 9) Apart from tending to good chinese essay provoke laughter and provide amusement, humor has been differently defined by many authors. According to Levine (1969), ‘humor is regarded as trifling, destructive and degrading force to morality, religion, and art. Seen differently, it is essay population growth, liberating, socially constructive, and even ennobling art’ (p.1).Morrison believes that our cognitive emotional growth is mainly influenced by the use of humor in our lives (2002, p.23).Humor is ‘an amusing communication that produces positive emotions and cognitions in the individual or in essay or trade, the group’ (Romero #038; Cruthirds, 2006, p. Persuasive Essay! 59).However, Hurren thinks that humor is any message, verbal or non verbal, communicated by character essay the teacher and makes the students feel amused (2006). ‘At its basic level, humor is an intended or unintended message interpreted as funny’ (lynch, 2002, p423). Vossler #038; Sheidlower go deeper , claiming that humor, at its heart, it is not the behavior of telling jokes, but it is that strategy used to create rapport between teacher and students in a way makes them feel closer to essay growth their instructor (2011) since ‘ laughter is the shorter distance between two people’ (McGhee, 2002 as cited in Role, 2011, p. 4)May ,Humanistic Psychologist states that Humor is the capacity to perceive, appreciate, or express what is funny, amusing, incongruous, ludicrous, etc. It is ‘the healthy way’ that keeps you away from problems; it provides you with the appropriate mood needed to perceive and solve problems (as cited in Lyons, 2005, p. 3). Humor is a basic part of ‘humanity’s unique capacity for language’. It is case nano failure, considered as a universal human experience (Kruger, 1996).
2- Basic theories about humor. 1.2. Theories of Humor. The different definitions of humor reveal the distinct perspectives the authors rely on when expounding humor and what social function it serves. Those perspectives respond to diverse theories that facilitate the process of explaining humor in more organized way (Martin, 2007) because it is about population growth, crucial to understand theories of resume humor rather than erect its definition (Brooks, 1992). Although each theory focuses on growth, a certain area of humor, the on prevalence of diabetes pioneers allege that their theory is the most reliable. 1.2.1.
Superiority Theory. “Everything is funny as long as it’s happening to someone else!” The superiority theory of humor traces back to Plato and Aristotle. Persuasive Growth! They believe that our feeling of superiority over people we laugh at essay on aid gives us the pleasure of humor. Cornett (1986) cites that humans feel joy at being superior to others. They laugh at inferior people mistakes which they never do and at their own past follies since they feel superior to persuasive population growth who they were in the past.
He adds that what may be funny can be represented by clowns, caricatures, puppets, and impersonators. Also, ‘Defects in essay on aid in pakistan, others are humorous as long as they are not harmful to the victims’ (p. 26). Monro (1988) asserts that ‘humor is population growth, derisive’. Pleasure derives from feeling superior at review mellitus those who have ‘failing’ or ‘defect’; ‘laugher always looks down at whatever he laughs at’. He claims that the originator of this theory named ‘Thomas Hobbes’ (1588- 1679) who states that laughter results from ‘vainglory’, i.e. we laugh at persuasive about population growth others ‘misfortunes’ or ‘infirmities’, at our past mistakes. Monro cites laughter definition according to Bregson (1859-1941), supporter of superiority theory of humor: ‘laughter is case nano failure, society’ defense against the eccentric who refuses to adjust himself to its requirements’. In other words, humor is a reaction to what considered inexplicable. Laughing at inferior and ugly people primarily is caused by feeling superior over persuasive growth, them. Hill (1988) indicates ‘We laugh maliciously when we possess superior knowledge over the people we ridicule.
We laugh at case on tata nano people who have an inferior moral character or at people who are uglier or distorted than ourselves’ (p. 40). This type of population growth humor elevates inequality in society. Differences in religions, nationalities, races, and occupations lead some people to feel superior at others. And Thesis Synthesis! The superiority is the core of finding pleasure when laughing at inferior people. 1.2.2. Persuasive Essay! Incongruity Theory. According to this theory, humor is perceived at the moment of realization of incongruity between what really happen and what is expected to happen.
Berk (2005) voices that incongruity can be called ‘contrast resolution’. Resume! It is “the juxtaposition of the ‘expected’ with the ‘unexpected'”. Deckers #038; Kizers (1975) maintain that the condition for persuasive essay population growth, humor takes place is the divergence between what is expected to happen and what really happens. Kerr (2001, p. 2) notes that “Having a sense of synthesis humor is about having a sense of balance, perspective and proportion. A sense of humor is the ability to recognize the incongruities and absurdities that confront us on a daily basis. In other words, it is the essay about growth ability to look at case study on tata the same thing as everyone else and see something just a little different”. Shade (1996) suggests that successful humor is the outcome of the abrupt changes which occur incongruously. It mainly derives from ‘jokes’ and persuasive ‘riddles’ in which incongruity may be presented by ‘contradiction’, ‘understatement’, ‘exaggeration’, ‘surprise’, ‘reversal’, ‘ludicrous’. He adds that the incongruity in humor results when there is: first a discrepancy between the punch line and the body of essay in pakistan a joke, and second a violation of growth expectancies.
These may involve: a) Two conflicting sets of case on tata nano failure rules, b) Two different frames of reference, or c) The reversal of persuasive about population growth figure and ground. (p.11) Degrading a value is an character analysis essay essential feature of incongruity theory. Monro (1988) states “humorous incongruity consists in degrading something exalted by bringing it into contact with something trivial or disreputable”(p. 351). This idea is supported by Spencer (1820-1903) (as cited in Monro, 1988, pp. 352, 353). Spencer defines humor as “descending incongruity”. Nevertheless, he confirms that incongruity, not degradation, is the paramount source of essay about population humor. German philosophers Kant (in 1790) and Schopenhauer (in 1819), the developers of this theory, proclaim “The basis of this theory is that humor is created when we expect one thing and is (sic) suddenly presented with another .Humor, then, is the literature review of diabetes mellitus result of these unexpected connections” (as cited in persuasive essay population, Shade, 1996, p. 11). For Schopenhauer (1788-1860) (as cited in Monro, 1988, p.352), humor is the pleasure that derives from the “unexpected connections between ideas”.
Kant (1724-1804) (as cited in Monro, 1988, p.351) identifies incongruity by ??frustrated expectation”. He believes that humor comes up when the concept you expect would happen ends into nothing i.e. humor derives from your recognition that your expectation have not realized. In his point of essay view, humor is ‘penetrating’ as long as it connects two completely different attitudes, or it makes a reversal of values. Incongruity encompasses both the intellectual and emotional elements. Kant #038;Schopenhauer phrase that the mental component of humor realized when the unexpected connections between two things come about. Differently stated, pleasure arises as a result of “the rigors of logic, reason, and thinking”. Shade asserts that humor has another imperative component ‘the emotional element’. ‘Attention’, ‘anticipation’, ‘tension’, ‘surprise’ help humor crop up (1996, p. 11).
Furthermore, Spencer declares “laughter is an overflow of about growth nervous energy, and case on tata failure that the abrupt transition from a solemn thought to a trivial or disreputable one leaves us with a fund of nervous energy which needs to be expended in laughter”. It means that emotions we feel as sudden changes take place released by humor. 1.2.3. Relief Theory. In this theory, humor is seen as catharsis. It is the preferable strategy used to challenge pent- up emotions. Seaward (2006) regards humor as a response to stressful situations .Monro (1988) highlights that relief is the core of persuasive about population humor. People laugh as strain removed. He defines humor as the temporary way adopted to get released from the restraint of the conventional social requirements (pp.
353, 354). Freud (1856-1939), the originator of release theory, mentions that through humor, we can trick the ‘censor’, the internal inhibitions, that handicap the essay on aid achievement of our ‘natural impulses’. Essay Growth! He considers his humor theory and his theory of dreams interpretation similar. Humor, exactly like dreams, can beguile censor. Suppressed wishes then may come true.
Through humor, we give ‘vent’ to our ‘repressed desires’ (as cited in Monro, 1988, pp. 354, 355). For Shade, laughter gives us some temporary freedom from the numerous restrictions, such as constrains of conventionality and the rigidity of antithesis synthesis logic, under which we live our daily lives. This theory focuses on the social and behavioral elements of humor. Laughter helps elude the dictatorial social conventions .For example “when someone at a meeting uses humor to add a little levity to a tense situation or discussion. This allows everyone to laugh for a moment, break away from the topic at persuasive about population hand for a minute or two, regroup their thoughts, and begin addressing the issue, perhaps with a new perspective” The most noticeable thing about these theories is that each theory has its own perspective and area of or trade in pakistan focus which means that no theory can fully explain the nature of humor and its social functions. 3-Kinds (types) of humor. Humor is in persuasive about population growth, huge variety of antithesis synthesis more than 20 types .The research focuses on the famous only as below: Types of humor Definitions Examples.
idiom a form of expression peculiar to a language, especially one that has significance other than its literal one. He was as mad as a cut snake means that he was angry. irony a figure of persuasive about population speech or literary device in which the literal meaning is the opposite of that intended Exclaiming, ‘What a beautiful day for a picnic!’ in the middle of literature review on prevalence mellitus a thunderstorm. joke something said or done to excite laughter or amusement; a playful mischievous trick or remark. What does a storm cloud wear under its coat? parody humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing; to imitate in such a way as to ridicule. Scieszka , Jon, The true story of the about population growth three little pigs. Munsch, Robert, The paper bag princess. pun the on tata nano humorous use of a word in such a manner as to population growth bring out different meanings or applications, or of words alike in case failure, sound but different in meaning; a play on words.
Police were called to a daycare centre where a three-year-old was resisting a rest. a puzzling question, problem, or matter David was out for a walk when it started to rain. Persuasive About! He did not have an umbrella and he wasn’t wearing a hat. His clothes were soaked, yet not a single hair on his head got wet. How could this happen? spoonerism a slip of the tongue whereby initial or other sounds of words are transposed My dunny fog is maned Nitsy is a spoonerism for My funny dog is named Mitsy. 4- Forms of Humor in essay in pakistan, Classroom. Humor in the classroom can take many forms. A study of persuasive population growth humor in the college classroom, done by Bryant, Chomsky, and case on tata nano Zillman (1979), leaks that humor in lectures can be classified as jokes, riddles, puns, funny stories, humorous comments. Cartoons and comic verse have been discovered as other creative ways to incorporate humor in classes (Kher et al., 1999). Riddle is persuasive essay population, a question that is good essay, difficult to understand, and that has a surprising answer, that you ask somebody as a game.
The term riddle derives from the old English word “radels” or “radelse; it is related to Dutch “raadsel” and German “ratsel” (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 2008). It is a word game; an enigma; a puzzling fact, it is similar in nature to persuasive essay about population growth a joke but with a specific format (a question- answer format). For instance, ‘Matt: How do you keep fish from smelling? Jenny: Cut off their noses’. Riddles are preferably related to subject matter. The main objective for chinese, utilizing riddles is to essay about population teach students how to analyze and discuss ideas (Shade, 1996). Synthesis! For example, ‘Imagine that you are in a boat, in the middle of the sea. Suddenly you are surrounded by essay population growth hungry sharks, just waiting to feed on you. How can you put an end to this’? (The answer is: stop imagining). Such humorous riddle brings students to on aid or trade in pakistan use their higher order thinking in order to solve it.
Additionally, riddles may aim to teach vocabulary, spelling, even phonology. Shade suggests the use of letter puzzlers: Build on a letter to make a word: What comes after L? Bow (elbow) What comes after E? Z (easy) What comes after B? 4 (before) Pun is the clever or humorous use of a word that has more than one meaning, or words that have different meaning but sound the same (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary).Partingtone describes pun by the “creative use of language” (2006, p. 110). He stresses that pun never play with merely one word but with group of words. In the same line of thoughts, Koestler explains “The pun is the dissociation of a single phonetic form with two meanings ‘ two strings of thought tied together by an acoustic knot”(1964, p. 65). Pun should occur intentionally, Ritchie (2004) holds that spontaneous puns are not very funny and are rarely kept to essay about population growth be used later. According to chinese essay Partingtone, puns can take the essay growth form of: ‘ Reversals, such as spoonerism, for on tata failure, example, a half- warmed fish (i.e. half formed wish) ‘ Blending (or porte-manteau words) for example; anecdotage (anecdote _dotage, that is, how the about population growth aged ramble on) ‘ Anagrams, for example, Mother-in-law ‘ Woman Hitler; Election results ‘Lies, let’s recount. ‘ Re segmentation or meta-analysis, for analysis, example, four candles ‘ fork handles.
‘ Reverse Coinages, for persuasive population growth, example, speakable (from unspeakable), underwhelmed (from overwhelmed) ‘Not-as-They-Seems, for good, example, a cat burglar (stole our best mouser). He further clarifies that puns can be categorized into homonymy puns and homophony puns. Homonymy puns means words alike in sound and spelling. For example ‘club’ refers to two homonyms: ‘association of people’ and ‘heavy weapon’. Whereas, homophony puns are words alike in persuasive about, sound only. For instance, ‘leek’ and ‘leak’. The pleasure takes place when one meaning reinterpreted by the other meaning. Joke is something to say or to do to make people laugh.
The term ‘joke’ emerged in late seventeenth century. It is originally slang; it derives from Latin ‘jocus’ which means ‘jest’ or ‘wordplay’ (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 2008). It is seen by (Morrison, 2001, p. Antithesis Synthesis! 160) as “a short story or short series of words spoken or communicated with the persuasive population growth intent of being laughed at nano failure or found humorous by the listener or reader”. To be perceived laughable, jokes need comprehending the persuasive about population multiple meaning of words, idioms, and metaphors; discovering ambiguity, perceiving and essay or trade in pakistan ultimately comprehending the persuasive essay about population growth incongruity; and appreciating the unexpected or sudden change of perspective (Shade, 1996, p. 3).According to (Schmitz, 2002, p.93), jokes can be classified into three classes: universal jokes, culture jokes, and linguistic jokes. Universal jokes refer to “humor that is chinese essay, obtained mainly from the context and the general functioning of the world; ?? in other words, they are jokes which any one can laugh at. Persuasive Essay About! For example, Teacher: Gwen, come here and point out Africa from this globe.
Gwen: here. And Thesis Synthesis! Teacher: Correct! John, who discovered Africa? Class: Gwen!. Cultural jokes need cultural background knowledge; jokes teller and listener should share the persuasive essay about population growth same culture, or at least, the joke- teller should be aware of the listener culture. For instance, “What do you call a dog at the beach?””A hot dog”. Or Trade! Linguistic jokes “based on specific features in the phonology, morphology or syntax of about particular languages”, such as, Grammar teacher: Sam, can you tell me any two pronouns? Sam: Who, me? Teacher: Good answer, Sam!
Shade illustrates this class the and thesis following examples: ‘ Lexical based on multiple- meanings of words; Dave: What has 18 legs and catches flies. Lynn: A baseball team. ‘ Deep structure involves alternative interpretation for a word or phrase; Sam: What animal can jump higher than a house. About Population! Chris: Any animal. Houses can’t jump. ‘ Metalinguistic focuses on the language form instead of the language meaning; Kathy: What’s at the end of everything? Tim: the literature review on prevalence letter g. ‘ The phonological based on the phonological structure of about words; Rebecca: What is this?
Waiter: it’s bean soup. Rebecca: I don’t care what it’s been. What is it now? (1996, p. 3.4). Berk (1996; 2002) mentions that teachers may present humor in form of funny quotations, questions, examples, skits/dramatizations, exercises and character analysis essay prompt problems. ‘ Humorous questions: they are often used in about population growth, all courses. The teacher asks series of serious questions followed by funny questions in order to capture the students’ attention. For example, a. How many of good chinese essay you think this one is the correct answer? b. How many of you think this one is the correct answer? c. How many of you don’t care?
d. Persuasive About! How many of you want to go back to essay on aid in pakistan bed’? Humorous examples: they are the easiest way the teacher uses to population growth illustrate concrete or abstract content in antithesis and thesis, the subject area. ‘ Humorous problem sets: they may replace the serious textbook problems and practiced as problem- solving exercises or homework. ‘ Skits/ dramatization: they are the best warm- up practice. They can be presented by music, Masterpiece Theater.
‘ Humor forms are sorted into larger groups. (Chee, 2003) identifies four main forms: textual, pictorial, verbal, action/ games. – Textual examples: stories, jokes. – Pictorial examples: cartoons, comics. – Verbal examples: puns, word games, acronyms. – Action/ games examples: theater, video, role play, contests.
‘ Disparately, (Shade, 1996, p.2) classifies them into distinct forms: verbal, figural, visual and auditory. – Verbal humor includes jokes, puns, riddles, anecdotes, wit. – Figural humor includes comic, cartoons and caricature. – Visual humor includes impersonation, impression. – Auditory humor includes mime, impersonation, practical jokes, and sight gags. 5-Benefits of humor. 5.1. Psychological benefits. John F. Essay About Growth! Kennedy was reported to have said, “There are three things which are real: God, human folly, and laughter. The first two are beyond our comprehension.
So we must do what we can with the third” (Hunsaker, 1988). One of the things which can be done with humor is to take advantage of its coping mechanism or psychological benefits. For example, humor is seen as reducing discomfort and easing tension, a way of mitigating failure or coping with defeat (saving face), a way of case study failure disarming an aggressor, coping with adversity, or to make the serious and less interesting more palatable (Linstead, 1985).Humor can serve as an outlet (though temporary) for frustration, apathy, resentment, hostility and anger; it can offer an essay about population growth escape from the harshness of good essay reality and lighten the burdens present in the classroom (Weaver, 1987). The psychological benefits of humor are supported by growth several theories. On Aid Or Trade In Pakistan! The Anxiety Reduction Theory purports the level of humor arousal is essay growth, directly associated with the anxiety level of students which, if true, further buttresses the case for the use of humor as a release valve in the classroom (Herbert, 1991). Review Of Diabetes! The Psychoanalytic Theory contends that humor is a socially acceptable expression of forbidden impulses, often with a release of essay population growth tension through laughter (Coleman, 1992). Another theory of humor, the Arousal Theory, illustrates the stress-reducing effects of humor.
This theory explains the function or laughter as that of reducing built-up tension and energy (Lefcourt #038; Martin, 1986). In accordance with this theory is Martin and Lefcourt’s ( 1988) and Wilson’s (1979)contention of humor as an effective implementation device for reducing stress, anxieties ,and hostilities encountered in everyday life situations. Martin and Lefcourt (1988) contend that nurturing children’s sense of humor may arm them with a coping skill to combat the stresses of life. Freud (1960) labeled humor as, “the highest of the defensive processes (i.e., defense mechanisms).” In his analysis in 1932, Freud went on essay, to explain humor as a reflection of the confidence to reduce stress to a manageable state (Rains berger, 1994). Similarly, laughter was seen as a means of burning off extra energy or tension (Martin #038; Lefcourt, 1986). Martin and Lefcourt attribute this stress reducing effect of growth humor to its capability of allowing people to put distance between themselves and the problem at respiratory hand. Korobkin, (1988); believes that humor may be a classroom advantage by reducing fears and anxieties of essay about growth students. Korobkin (1988) also found that humor decreases academic stress and anxiety toward the subject matter. Another related theory relevant to the use of humor in the classroom is the Relief Theory.
Meyer (1990), a proponent of the Relief Theory, suggests that reduction of tension and anxiety is its central element. Sullivan (1992) contends that by reducing classroom anxiety through the use of humor, test anxiety may be reduced simultaneously. There also exists evidence from on prevalence of diabetes a study conducted by Sarason (1960) that highly anxious students perform better on tests when humor is introduced into the testing situation (Gibbon, 1988). Another psychological implication of humor is the persuasive essay population growth enhancement of learners’ self-esteem (Pollak #038; Freda, 1997). A successful learning process involves the review on prevalence mellitus assumption, “I can do it.” Humor, or taking oneself lightly, can encourage students in the learning process, which often involves risk-taking, temporary setbacks, and persuasive about population embarrassing exposure. Low self-esteem limits a student in the ability to antithesis and thesis take risks beyond the narrow role of perceived competency (O’Connell, 1996). By using humor and the skill of laughing at oneself, a student can be more self- forgiving, thereby allowing him or herself to become lost in the learning process.
5.2. Sociological benefits. The sociological implications of humor are equally telling. The social theory of humor explicates the means both for establishing better group interactions and transmitting cultural mores (Coleman, 1992). One of the persuasive population growth major functions of schools is socialization: To acculturate knowledgeable, understanding, compassionate, and empathic new members to society (Callahan, Clark, #038; Kellough, 1992). Effective teachers are individuals, according to case Hageseth (1995), who can “take themselves lightly, but take their work and life seriously as they encourage others to population growth do likewise.” They are individuals who can modulate a tense, difficult situation into an intriguing challenge, who can interject an uplifting gesture into synthesis, a stressful moment. As such, teachers can encourage students to appreciate the universality of the growth human condition, that all are here to and thesis make the essay world work by complementing one another (Pollak #038; Freda, 1997).Teachers can model achieving power through knowledge and equality, not through exploitation, manipulation, and one-up man ship .Through teaching, teachers facilitate learning through enthusiastic, generous sharing, laughing at literature review on prevalence of diabetes their own foibles, and persuasive growth their encouragement to take risks in the safe environment of the learning situation.
The socialization process involves learning how to case study on tata be with oneself, with others, and population with life’s adversities and challenges. Students learn this valuable skill by using humor as a tool of growth and wisdom. Humor can be used as a binding force through which group members share common experiences, develop group cohesiveness, and play and work together toward common goals (Duncan, 1984). Humor can help bond relationships or be used as the lubricant for healthy competition within or between groups (Herbert, 1991). Literature! In general, humor, when used appropriately, can be an effective tool for socialization and interpersonal relations. 5.3. About! Educational benefits. Humor serves many educational (communication) functions as well. Essay On Aid In Pakistan! Maslow, after all, defines humor and laughter as “education in essay population, a palatable form” (Weaver #038; Cotrell, p. Character Essay! 168).Colwell and Wigle (1984) further believe that humor strengthens teacher-student rapport by enabling students to see teachers have “well rounded personalities”. Other proponents of humor in the role of fostering a strong, positive rapport between student and teacher are Ackerman and Dummer, (1982); Bryant, (1979); and Wilson (1979).
A teacher who shares a warm, genuine sense of humor with the class portrays oneself as being human just like the students (Herbert, 1991). Pollak and essay Freda (1997) ask “If a teacher cannot laugh at what he or she does not know, then how can students be expected to recognize their own educational needs and be truly willing, even anxious to learn?” For example, if an English teacher puts a sentence on the board to label parts of speech and good chinese a student points out a mistake the teacher has made in labeling one of the more complicated components, that teacher has several options. One is to deny the mistake; another is to about growth pretend the resume mistake was made on purpose; another is to own the error, thereby revealing his or her humanness and ability to recover. Students are endeared to that teacher because of the willingness of the essay about growth “authority figure” to dethrone him or herself to model the resume learning process in its reality. The reality of persuasive population learning is chinese, that trial and error, stumble and recovery, are not only inevitable but crucial for real learning to take place. If a teacher can laugh at himself or herself and laugh with (never at) students, the essay about growth teacher is well on the way to establishing a positive climate and eliminating much of the stress that is often present in classrooms today. Students may never give a teacher the chance to share knowledge or brilliant insights if rapport is not first established. Perhaps Weaver and respiratory Cotrell (1987) best summarize the educational role that humor plays in persuasive essay about growth, the classroom:
A warm, genuine, sense of humor can reveal humanness- a comfortable, secure attitude with themselves as instructors, with their course material (knowledge), with their students, and with their relationship with students. Certainly, one of the important benefits of humor is that it breeches the broad gap between instructors and students. It brings them closer together-joining them, in a sense, in a quest for knowledge. When teachers confront negative students with humor, they often find that this use of humor is an effective way to reduce the students’ anger and review hostility (Pollak #038; Freda, 1997). Humor is a powerful tool in education and persuasive essay growth can be used within the classroom to put the students at ease and make the learning process more enjoyable. As educators become active participants in their students’ laughter, they will have an opportunity to become engaged with them (Ackerman #038; Dummer, 1982). A humorous response exerts a powerful force over a tense situation. Students, as a result, feel more comfortable in situations in which they are not entirely in control of their own feelings. Weaver and Cotrell (1987) encourage teachers to establish a climate of reciprocal humor.
Asking students for essay in pakistan, humorous material encourages class interaction and persuasive essay population a more “give-and-take” classroom atmosphere. Humor “…has a central place whether as a natural product or as a life-saving response to the exigencies of the institution – boredom, ritual, routine, regulations, oppressive authority” (Gibbon, 1988). Essentially, the primary value of humor in the classroom is to “stimulate, illustrate, motivate, and ease tension” (Kelly, 1983). The reduced tension affects and creates benefits in other areas as well (Rainsberger, 1994). Harris (1989) contends that frequent laughter in a classroom creates an environment in which the students feel safe to try new things. Students are not bound by the confines of rigorous expectancies, but have freedom from these boundaries to experience true knowledge for its own sake. Kelly (1983) believes that a large reason for increased enjoyment of school is the positive attitude and learning climate created as a result of the reduced stress level. Classrooms with decreased tension and reduced stress foster greater creativity and imagination and contribute to an enjoyable classroom setting in which students portray a positive attitude conducive to enthusiastic learning. By reducing stress, humor can make learning more enjoyable, which leads to a relaxed atmosphere as well as a positive attitude about school in general. Neu liep, (1991); Korobkin, (1988); Perret, (1984); Long, (1983); Ziv, (1976); Ziv, (1983); and Bergen (1990) propose that creativity, imagination, and and thesis ideas are encouraged and persuasive about population enhanced by an enjoyable classroom where the students eagerly await new challenges. Evidence suggests that asking students to use humor in answering test questions improves creativity scores (Ziv, 1983).Creative thinking, a necessary tool for problem solving can also be facilitated by the use of humor.
When employing brainstorming techniques, for example, if a teacher offers a thought that is “incongruous or unexpected or incompatible” (Fry #038; Allen, 1996), that input can help students see a situation in two very rational but drastically different perspectives. Coleman (1992) finds that humor, creativity, and cognition were closely related and like Fry and Allen (1996) determine that the use of verbal, incongruous humor increases the likelihood of students developing more creative thinking processes. The essence of and thesis synthesis creative thinking therefore, is persuasive essay population, that ability to perceive situations from various points of view. Humor is an effective device in interpersonal communication skills. Victor Borgeonce stated that “laughter is the shortest distance between two people” (Sullivan, 1992).One knows that communication and respiratory interpersonal skills are extremely important tools in persuasive population, the academic classroom. These tools can be effectively implemented when students feel comfortable or non-threatened.
Many scholars argue that the use of humor aids in creating an open communication climate in analysis essay, the classroom (Herbert, 1991; Korobkin, 1988; Perret, 1984; Long, 1983; Ziv, 1983; Mogavero, 1979; Ziv, 1976; Dixon, 1973; Gilland #038; Mauritsen, 1971; and Coser, 1960). Laughter can help ensure a rapturous reception of the instructor’s forthcoming prophetic lecture. In addition, laughter is seen to coordinate human interaction as a turn-taking cue, approval and invitation for the hearer to respond in kind, an invitation to elaborate, and persuasive about population growth a resource in affiliation (O’Donnell-Trujillo #038; Adams, 1983).Power struggles often surface in classrooms .When two sides come into conflict, humor can be used to relieve the resume pressure to provide both opponents with the opportunity to cool off (Iapoce, 1990). In such situations, humor provides the teacher with the chance to re think the situation and react with a rational consequence as opposed to a punishment established out of persuasive essay stress and anger (Curwin #038; Mendler, 1990). Such a rational response spares the child’s self-esteem. As a result of the ability to diffuse tension in such situations, humor actually enhances relationships and brings people closer together.”When humor is shared, people feel close and warm with each other” (Chenfeld, 1990). Sullivan (1992) believes the bottom line is that utilizing humor to reduce stress makes school a more enjoyable experience for both teachers and students. 6- Guidelines of on aid using humor in teaching process.
Humor can be a liberating force, or it can be a destroying one. Some guidelines to ensure that humor has a positive effect may include: beginning class with an amusing thought or joke; the use of humorous stories and anecdotes; relating student-oriented activities that often contain comic material; and taking “commercial breaks”(O’Donnell-Trujillo #038; Adams, 1983). The aim here is to actively involve students on essay growth, an intellectual and emotional level- to assume an involved, interested stance .Stat (1988) writes, “To involve your audience emotionally, you must create a drama- comedy (humor) is often the best tool to use.” There are situations in which humor can prove counterproductive. If used at the wrong time, it has the ability to cause distraction. If used in excess, it may become uncontrollable and transform the classroom into a circus. If used inappropriately, it may potentially damage self-esteem, or cause embarrassment (Bariaud, 1988).
Considering the potential of humor to be abused, there is clearly a need for guidelines concerning its use in the classroom. Analysis Prompt! Bryant and Zillman (1988) cite that teachers’ use of humor must be perceived as natural, or else it may backfire. Teachers who normally feel uncomfortable using humor must be wary of attempting to force it into their classrooms. If humor is irrelevant to the subject matter, valuable class time may be wasted and essay population the class may become unruly, thereby contributing to poor classroom management (Sullivan, 1992). Bryant and Zillman (1983) suggest that teachers of children, especially young children, should refrain from using humor unless they are certain that the children have the faculties and knowledge to understand it. For example, irony and other forms of chinese essay “distortion humor” can confuse children and create faulty ideas that are difficult to correct.
The basic component of some humor is ridicule. Some researchers suggest that sarcasm and other forms of persuasive essay ridicule may be useful as a behavior management technique , although most strongly discourage it .Collins (1986) notes that sarcasm is brutal by nature and can severely damage students’ self-esteem, as well as teacher-student relationships. Bryant and Zillman (1988) suggest that although sarcasm and essay ridicule may serve a corrective function, the persuasive population long-term consequence of diminished esteem in literature mellitus, the eyes of students may make the immediate gains in persuasive essay about growth, terms of behavioral correction not worth the costs. In addition to the guidelines previously discussed, a number of researchers offer other suggestions. Sullivan (1992) cautions that: (1) teachers must recognize when humor is not appropriate; (2) teachers should never joke about a student’s name because of the potential damage to the student’s self-esteem; and resume (3) teachers should not simply tell jokes in persuasive about, class, but should keep their humor relevant to the instruction since telling jokes reduces valuable class time and may result in sexist and racist humor that will create problems. The use of non-relevant humor, or that which is not at all related to the subject matter at study on tata hand, is shown to be an population especially effective aid in information acquisition for younger children, those of preschool to early primary school age (Zillman #038; Bryant, 1983).
The effectiveness of nano non-relevant humor diminishes with age so that by adulthood, non-relevant humor is persuasive essay about population, not only acceptable, but can even hinder the literature review acquirement of information. It is also crucial that a student never feels that he or she is being made the object of persuasive essay about growth ridicule. Although the teacher may dominate the student for the moment, often deep and good essay strong resentments result that may last throughout the school year (Quina, 1989). Sullivan (1992) and essay about population Herbert (1991) contend that teachers should be willing to analysis laugh at themselves and should be careful to match their humor to the level of their students. In addition, Herbert (1991) recommends using visual examples of about population humor, opening class with a joke, and telling humorous anecdotes. Review Mellitus! However, he suggests that humor should always serve a specific purpose; it should not be aimless. Cornett (1986) presents a list of forty-nine specific ways in which planned humor can be incorporated in the classroom. Her only guidelines are that teachers should adopt a playful mind, think funny, and persuasive essay about encourage humor from their students. Although a vast array of humor categories exists, one must carefully and cautiously discriminate in the choice of humor being used.
Clearly, the character essay misuse or abuse of about humor in the classroom may have negative effects. Humor arising from resume respiratory a sexual or racial context should have no place in persuasive population growth, the classroom and should be avoided at all times. The victims of such humor may feel that they are being forced to respiratory hear a derogatory statement about their heritage or gender. One might assume that the teacher has a prejudice against essay about growth, that particular group of people, and the classroom environment becomes negative and hostile (Dickmeyer, 1993). Humor may unconsciously allow the on aid or trade in pakistan person to get at the target of persuasive population growth such humor. The “target” is the individual who is placed in one of these situations by humor (Edwards #038; Gibboney, 1992).
The target is on the receiving end of the humorous comment, whether it be joke, pun, or funny story and is focused on when the humor takes place. As mentioned earlier, targets of instructor’s humor can be self, student, or other. Humor may be ineffectively utilized to and thesis promote the superiority of persuasive about population one group or person over another as expressed by the Superiority Theory of humor (Gruner, 1978). Resume! This theory focuses upon the heightened sense of persuasive essay population self- esteem, confidence, and reduced threat that are coupled with a humorous response to a typically stressful experience or situation (Martin #038; Lefcourt, 1988). Respiratory! It is about population, embodied in the slur, the put down, and the barb in which an individual or group laughs at another, supposedly inferior individual or group (Pollio, 1983). Examples of this type of humor are the various ethnic, racist, and sexist jokes which are increasingly becoming taboo in a more enlightened, sensitive society (Coleman, 1992). A major premise of this theory is that people laugh when they feel superior to others (Meyer, 1990). Closely related to the Superiority Theory is the Disparagement Theory of Humor, whereby humor, as disguised aggression, is used at resume respiratory the expense of others to garner a small victory in the midst of defeat (Rainsberger, 1994). A final theory of humor, the incongruity theory, emphasizes the occurrence of two or more illogical or incongruent events, often eliciting the double-take or puzzled look before the essay population laughter (Coleman, 1992).At the end and as a resume these types of humor should be remain out of the antithesis classroom: ‘ Sexual humor: celebrating the fun of sex, mildly flirtatious to outright obscenity and essay population growth lewdness. ‘ Ethnic/Racial -humor: in which a particular ethnic group is demeaned, ridiculed, or made fun of.
‘ Religious -humor: making fun of particular religions or religion in or trade, general. ‘ Hostile -humor: in which an attack on someone’s dignity is the primary focus. These may be insulting, invective, or involve a put-down of someone. ‘ Demeaning to Men/ Women- humor: in which males/ females are discredited or put-down, often by the opposite persuasive about, gender. ‘ Sick-humor: making fun of death, deformity, disease, or handicapping conditions. (1996, p. 87). ‘ Aggressive humor: by saying, showing or make such allusion may provoke students’ anger. Through this chapter, it seems to be clear that humor is advocated as a pedagogical strategy. Many authors recommend the use of respiratory humor in persuasive essay about growth, the academic context. They argue its significance by a variety of studies conducted to survey its supportive role to enhance learning.
No matter how humor has been defined and what principles humor theories are based on, but what worthwhile role it plays in character analysis essay, the teaching- learning process. In addition to its therapeutic function in medicine and persuasive essay about growth psychology, humor has the potential to give rise to successful learners and, thus, to character analysis essay prompt successful workers. In order to be effective, teaching strategies require some rules to be obeyed. The appropriate and timely humor relies on a set of principles. Essay About Population! Following these standards, it will be easy for professors to make humor an integral part of material to be learnt, and then their teaching will be conducive to and thesis optimal learning. Section 2 Speaking skill. Speaking is persuasive growth, one of the most demanding skills in the daily life. Every person needs to communicate with others through speaking. Speaking plays an case study important role in persuasive essay about population, making a social interaction with another people in order to gain information.
Thus, it is necessary for analysis essay, every people to have a good speaking skill. As the needs of essay English increase over the year, people do not only communicate with those who come from the same country, but also with those who come from different countries. In order to be able to antithesis and thesis convey meaning and talk to persuasive essay growth people around the world, they must be able to literature review of diabetes mellitus speak English since it is an international language. Due to its importance, it is very reasonable why the persuasive about growth objective of the English teaching as a compulsory subject at university level is to enable students to communicate in both oral and written forms. As the language is a means of communication, students have to be accustomed to speak utterances orally in the classroom even in the very simplest way, such as greeting, answering, expressing ideas, giving responses, and the like.
The actual situation of students’ speaking English competencies at Abbes Laghrour University insure that the most of students are at low level, despite teachers use hard efforts and many techniques to resume enhance their students’ speaking level. From a daily observation the researcher ‘which is a student at the same university ‘ has been noticed that the majority of students keep silent during lessens; hesitate in the participation, or using humble and persuasive essay about population individual words or short sentences at most by French or Arabic phonetics and pronunciation. In the oral presentation, students read their projects or just memorize what they want to present word by antithesis and thesis word neither more nor less. Also few of persuasive essay about population growth students participate by read the information from Tablets, Computers, or the on prevalence Handout of the teacher himself. Another observation is that students distinguish between teachers based on their reputation; general personality and behavior .That enable to classify teachers into two sets, beloved and persuasive essay about population non beloved .these affection toward teachers’ impact maybe positively or negatively on students’ speaking participation and thus their speaking skill achievements.
1-Definition of speaking. Speaking is of diabetes mellitus, one of two productive skills in a language teaching. It is about growth, defined as a process of building and sharing meaning through the on prevalence of diabetes mellitus use of verbal or oral form (Chaney, 1988:13 and Gebhard, 1996:169). Moreover; Nunan (2003:48) defines that speaking consists of producing systematic verbal utterances to convey meaning. To know deeper what speaking is, Nunan differentiates it from writing. First, in spoken language, speaking must be listened by others. It has temporary and immediate reception. When we do listen from other people, it has special prosody some like stress, rhythm, and intonation. It must be there an intermediate feedback for communicating directly. By speaking activity, orator or speaker have to pay attention of planning and about population growth editing by and thesis synthesis channel.
Whereas the second,in written language, the activity is done as a visual term. About Population Growth! The time for chinese essay, doing it, is permanent and it is delayed reception. The writer uses punctuation as well to make others clearer in vision or reading the meaning. There is no feedback or it is persuasive about population, usually delayed or indirectly communicating. Essay! The planning is unlimited and there are often editing and revision in about, any parts of the written language. Based on the utterances above, they can be concluded that the differences between spoken language and the written one as follow: Spoken language Written language.
Temporary; immediate reception. Prosody (rhythm, stress intonation. Planning and editing limited by in pakistan channel Visual. Permanent; delayed reception. Delayed or no feedback.
Unlimited planning, editing, revision. 2-The importance of speaking. Human being as social creature always communicates to one another. Persuasive! It can be occurred with the process of or trade interchange of the persuasive growth thought or ideas which include interactions. For examples telling information or some news, asking other helps for synthesis, their needs, or etc.
All of them can be done trough speaking to others directly. It means that the activity of speaking itself has a very important role in human life. Ramelan (1992:13) says that all human being whenever they live always speak language, although they do not have any writing system to record their language. From the statement above it can be concluded that speaking is very important in mastering foreign language. Thus speaking capability can be measured whether a foreign language learner in successful in about, learning or not. Essay In Pakistan! But in mastering speaking skill can be seen not only from the performance of learners in spoken, but also we have to see from their competence in using the persuasive essay population language. Speaking competence is not only the theoretical study but also it is essay on aid or trade, daily activities and human’s need for growing. As according to Chomsky in Garnham (1985:23) said linguistic performance is the persuasive essay growth actual use of language in concrete situation. Respiratory! And also according to William O’Grady, et.al (1996:4) states that linguistic competence is the ability in producing and understanding an unlimited number of utterances. From the two definitions above, we can conclude that speaking skill consists of linguistic performance and about linguistic competence.
In other word, we can say that speaking skill is antithesis and thesis synthesis, a mental motor skill, it consist of the coordination of sound, mechanism, which is produce by our muscles and it is also has as a mental aspect .That is the ability in arranging the meaningful words and explain and convey thinking, feeling, and persuasive essay about growth idea. Speaking ability means the ability to think .Based on the explanation above, to measure the students’ speaking, has five competences as follows: Hornby defines pronunciation as the way in which a language is a spoken, way in which a word is pronounced (Hornby, 1974:669). It means that pronunciation is an important of language, including its aspect like accent, stress, and intonation. Grammar and pronunciation has a close relationship. In addition to the sound system learners must be taught by and thesis using structure system of persuasive about population language. Learners must be given insight into word order, inflection and derivation into the other meaningful features of the English language. It will help students to speak fluently.
Hornby (1974:979) defines vocabulary is range of words known or used by a person in trade, profession, etc. If students have many vocabularies, it will be easier for him to express his idea. d. Fluently Hornby (1974:330) defines fluency as the quality of being able to speak smoothly and study nano failure easily. It means that someone can speak without any hesitation. Someone can speak fluently even though he makes errors in pronunciation and about population growth grammar. Self confidence becomes an important factor in speaking learning process. Review On Prevalence Of Diabetes Mellitus! A student with good grammatical and vocabulary master usually has a big confidence to persuasive about population express idea, suggestion or answer the question. He feels like that, so he thinks he knows what will he say and essay on aid how to express. 4 -Aspects of speaking. Eventually, aspects of the speaking skill need to be closely scrutinized and about put into consideration. These aspects pose some challenges and identify some guidelines for understanding this skill and hence design instructional activities to prepare learners to communicate effectively in real life situations.
A. Speaking is face to character essay face: Most conversations take place face to face which allows speakers to persuasive essay population growth get immediate feedback, i.e. ‘Do listeners understand? Are they in agreement? Do they sympathize (Cornbleet #038;Carter, 2001: 16) . Thus communication through speaking has many assets, such as facial expressions, gestures and even body movements. Speaking also occurs, most of the time, in situations where participants or interlocutors are present. Such factors facilitate communication (Widdowson, 1998 #038; Burns, 1998).
B. Speaking is interactive: Whether we are speaking face-to ‘face or over the telephone, to one person or a small group, the wheels of conversation usually turn smoothly, with participants offering contributions at appropriate moments, with no undue gaps or everyone talking over each other (Bygate, 1998: 30 and Cornbleet #038; Carter, 2001: 27) Turn taking, a main feature in interaction, is an resume respiratory unconscious part of normal conversation. Turn takings are handled and signaled differently across different cultures, thus causing possible communication difficulties in conversation between people of persuasive essay population different cultures and languages (Mc Donough #038; Mackey, 2000: 84). C. Speaking happens in real time: During conversations, responses are unplanned and resume respiratory spontaneous and the speakers think on their feet, producing language which reflects this (Foster et al., 2000: 368).These time constraints affect the speaker’s ability to plan, to organize the message, and to control the language being used. Speakers often start to say something and change their mind midway; which is termed a false start. The speaker’s sentences also cannot be as long or as complex as in writing. Similarly, speakers occasionally forget things they intended to say; or they may even forget what they have already said, and so they repeat themselves (Miller, 2001: 27). This implies that the production of speech in real time imposes pressures, but also allows freedoms in terms of compensating for these difficulties. The use of formulaic expressions, hesitation devices, self correction, rephrasing and persuasive about repetition can help speakers become more fluent and cope with real time demands (Bygate, 1987: 21; Foster et al., 2000 and Hughes, 2002: 76). Actually, exposing students to these spoken discourse features facilitates their oral production and character helps them compensate for the problems they encounter.
It also helps them sound normal in their use of the foreign language. 5- Purpose of persuasive essay population speaking. It was argued that the essay prompt purpose of speaking can be either transactional or interactional. Apparently, there are some differences between the spoken language used in both transactional and interactional discourse. In transactional discourse, language is used primarily for persuasive essay about population growth, communicating information. Language serving this purpose is ‘message’ oriented rather than ‘listener’ oriented (Nunan, 1989: 27).
Clearly, in this type of antithesis and thesis synthesis interaction, accurate and persuasive growth coherent communication of the message is important, as well as confirmation that the message has been understood. Examples of language being used primarily for a transactional purpose are: news broadcasts, descriptions, narrations and instructions (Richards, 1990: 54- 55). Speaking turns serving this purpose tend to be long and involve some prior organization of content and use of linguistic devices to character essay prompt signal either the organization or type of information that will be given (Basturkmen, 2002: 26). On the other hand, some conversations are interactional with the purpose of establishing or maintaining a relationship. This latter kind is sometimes called the interpersonal use of language.
It plays an important social role in oiling the wheels of social intercourse (Yule, 1989: 169). Examples of persuasive about growth interactional uses of language are greetings, small talks, and essay on aid compliments. About Population! Apparently, the language used in the interactional mode is listener oriented. Speakers’ talk in this type tends to be limited to good chinese quite short turns (Dornyei #038; Thurrell, 1994: 43 and Richards, 1990: 54-55). However, in spite of the distinctions between the persuasive essay population growth two types, in most circumstances, interactional language is combined with transactional language. This helps to ease the character analysis prompt transactional tasks to be done by keeping good social relations with others.
In, other words, we can say that speakers do one thing by doing another (Brazil, 1995: 29). So both purposes can be viewed as two dimensions of spoken interaction. Analyzing speaking purposes more precisely, Kingen (2000: 218) combines both the transactional and interpersonal purposes of speaking into an extensive list of twelve categories as follows: 1- Personal – expressing personal feelings, opinions, beliefs and ideas. 2. Descriptive- describing someone or something, real or imagined. 3. Persuasive About Population! Narrative-creating and telling stories or chronologically sequenced events.
4. Instructive-giving instructions or providing directions designed to produce an outcome. 5. Questioning-asking questions to analysis obtain information. 6. Persuasive About Population! Comparative-comparing two or more objects, people, ideas, or opinions to essay on aid or trade in pakistan make judgments about essay population, them. 7. Imaginative-expressing mental images of people, places, events, and objects. 8. Predictive-predicting possible future events. 9. Interpretative-exploring meanings, creating hypothetical deductions, and considering inferences. 10. Persuasive-changing others’ opinions, attitudes, or points of case on tata failure view, or influencing the behavior of others in some way.
11. Explanatory-explaining, clarifying, and essay about population growth supporting ideas and case study opinions. 12. Persuasive Population Growth! Informative-sharing information with others. This list corresponds closely to the language functions explained by Halliday (1975). 6-Main Factors That Hinder Students from Speaking. It has been mentioned earlier that there are some psychological factor that hinder students from practicing their speaking in analysis essay, English class.
Each of them is explained below. 6.1. Fear of mistake. As argued by many theorists, fear of mistake becomes one of the main factors of students’ reluctance to about growth speak in English in case study nano, the classroom With respect to the fear of making mistake issue, Aftat, (2008) adds that this fear is linked to essay about the issue of correction and character analysis negative evaluation. In addition, this is also much influenced by the students’ fear of being laughed at about population growth by other students or being criticized by the teacher. As a result, students commonly stop participating in the speaking activity (Hieu, 2011).Therefore, it is important for teachers to case study on tata nano failure convince their students that making mistakes is not a wrong or bad thing because students can learn from essay growth their mistakes.
Shyness is an emotional thing that many students suffer from at some time when they are required to speak in English class. This indicates that shyness could be a source of good essay problem in students’ learning activities in persuasive population growth, the classroom especially in the class of speaking. Therefore, paying attention on this aspect is resume, also quite important in order to help the students do their best in their speaking performance in the classroom (Gebhard, 2000). In line with this, Baldwin (2011) further explains that speaking in front of people is one of the persuasive essay about more common phobias that students encounter and feeling of shyness makes their mind go blank or that they will forget what to say. This theory is also supported by the result of this research in which most students fail to perform the character speaking performance at their best. As they say, their inability to persuasive population show their ability in case study, speaking is also influenced much by their feeling of shyness. In other words, it can be said that shyness plays an important role in speaking performance done by the students. Anxiety is a feeling of tension, apprehension and nervousness associated with the situation of learning a foreign language (Horwitz et all cited in persuasive essay about, Nascente, 2001). And Thesis! Further Nascente writes that, among other affective variables, anxiety stands out as one of the main blocking factors for effective language learning. In other words, anxiety influences students in learning language.
Therefore, paying attention to this factor of about growth learning should also be taken into consideration. The fact that anxiety plays an important role in students’ learning is also shared by antithesis and thesis other researchers like Horwitz (1991) as cited in Sylvia and Tiono (2004). He believes that anxiety about about, speaking a certain language can affect students’ performance. Respiratory! It can influence the quality of oral language production and make individuals appear less fluent than they really are. This explanation suggests that teachers should make an essay attempt to or trade in pakistan create a learning atmosphere which gives students more comfortable situations in essay population, their learning activity. 6.4.
Lack of Confidence. It is commonly understood that students’ lack of confidence usually occurs when students realize that their conversation partners have not understood them or when they do not understand other speakers. In this situation, they would rather keep silent while others do talking showing that the character essay students are lack of confidence to communicate. In response to this, Tsui cited Nunan (1999) says that student who lack of confidence about persuasive, themselves and their English necessarily suffer from communication apprehension. This shows that building students’ confidence is an important part of teacher’s focus of attention. This means that the teacher should also learn from both theories and study nano practical experience on how to build the students’ confidence. 6.5. Persuasive Essay About Growth! Lack of Motivation. It is analysis, mentioned in the literature that motivation is a key to students’ learning success (Songsiri, 2007). Persuasive! With regard to the issue of motivation in learning, Nunan (1999) stresses that motivation is important to essay on aid in pakistan notice in that it can affect students’ reluctance to speak in English.
In this sense, motivation is a key consideration in determining the preparedness of learners to essay about population communicate. Antithesis Synthesis! Zua (2008) further adds that motivation is an persuasive essay about growth inner energy. She says that no matter what kinds of motivation the learners possess it will enhance their study interest. It has been proven in many studies that students with a strong motivation to succeed can persist in learning and gain better scores than those who have weaker motivation of success showing that to learn is urgent for of diabetes mellitus, every teacher. 7- Ideas about using humor in speaking lessons. Humor as we have seen is an open ended teaching tool , it may be just a small smile with students till make them laughing out population growth, loud or giggling; between this and that; the researcher proposes some thoughts to essay or trade in pakistan introduce humor in the teaching process.
7.1. Persuasive Essay! Tongue twisters are a great way to practice and improve pronunciation and in pakistan fluency. Persuasive Population! They can also help to improve accents by using alliteration, which is the repetition of one sound. Examples: ‘ Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked. If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. Where’s the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked’? Betty Botter bought some butter. But she said the butter’s bitter. If I put it in my batter, it will make my batter bitter.
But a bit of better butter will make my batter better. So ’twas better Betty Botter bought a bit of on tata failure better butter. ‘ How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood? He would chuck, he would, as much as he could, and chuck as much wood As a woodchuck would if a woodchuck could chuck wood. ‘ She sells seashells by the seashore. ‘ How can a clam cram in a clean cream can’? I scream, you scream, we all scream for ice cream. ‘ I saw Susie sitting in a shoeshine shop.
7.2. Students always have difficulty expressing what they want to say, no matter how advanced their vocabulary is .Teacher has to downloaded short jokes from the persuasive about Internet, cut them into strips, and distribute them randomly. The goal is to express the short joke in students’ own words, without reading or memorizing. Teacher should be sure to model how a person tells a joke (like telling a story, with facial expressions or everything).He might need to help them with understanding some jokes, as some are contextual /cultural. A: I have the perfect son. B: Does he smoke? B: Does he drink whiskey? B: Does he ever come home late? B: I guess you really do have the essay on aid or trade in pakistan perfect son. Essay! How old is he? A: He will be six months old next Wednesday.
Girl: You would be a good dancer except for essay or trade in pakistan, two things. Boy: What are the two things? A family of mice was surprised by a big cat. Father mouse jumped and said ‘Bow- wow!’ The cat runs away. ‘What was that father’? asked baby mouse. Population Growth! ‘Well, son, that’s why it’s important to learn a second language. 7.3. Create dialogue comic strip. This is a simple worksheet with single comic strips for students to use their imagination and fill the speaking bubbles freely. There are no conditions except that they have to write at least 2 sentences, but the idea of the exercise is to give them the freedom to find their own words (or ask for them) and at the same time have fun inventing something crazy to fill the bubbles with. There is no right and wrong in terms of content.
This is to check grammar and vocabulary. From: busy teacher .org. 7.4. Essay! Psychology quiz. Teachers in persuasive, ESL classes can practice this fun quiz with students’ .quiz to make them think about their priorities in life in a fun way. Nice way to relax the class. Antithesis And Thesis Synthesis! It takes 5 minutes to population use it.
From: busy teacher .org. Teaching and learning English in Abbes Laghrour University have faced many difficulties. As for students, they wish to speak English fluently, but face with language barriers such as pronunciation and grammar usage. Moreover, they lack of opportunity to respiratory speak or use language in daily lives. They are too shy to speak with their classmates or teachers because they are being passive and have little speaking activities to practice. In addition, all of four skills, teaching and learning of essay about speaking skills seem to respiratory be the most crucial part, because in the classroom almost of instructions are given in essay about, the university as many as teachers who are non-native speakers, and having no interaction occurs in the classroom. These difficulties in chinese essay, primary and secondary schools, where the English curriculum and environment do not meet the demand of the learners, and do not focus on speaking, have affected on learning English in university level where listening and speaking skills are most used. Persuasive Essay Population Growth! Therefore, to help the learners improves speaking skills, various kinds of strategies should be considered. One of them is good, probably using pedagogical humor during the teaching learning process because it strengthens the relationship between the education parties in order to persuasive about create fun, confidence and boldness in students’ personalities to enhance all their language kills achievement especially speaking. Search our thousands of essays:
If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Linguistics essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to analysis help you. Essay Population! Each of us is analysis essay prompt, qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and persuasive we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Linguistics work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Linguistics essay was submitted to us by literature of diabetes a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Using Humor in the Teaching-Learning Process To Improve the Students’ Speaking Skill . Persuasive Essay Population Growth! Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/linguistics/essay-using-humor-in-the-teaching-learning-process-to-improve-the-students-speaking-skill/ [04-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on good chinese, our website then please click on the link below to request removal:
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