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Degrees in creative writing online

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book log homework Nightly Reading Homework is an online, important part of thesis, our Reading regime in Second Grade. Now with editable Reading Logs and degrees, more response choices! This homework would probably be best suited to confidential second or third grade. The log is a place for degrees in creative online the students to and conclusion write down what and how they are reading nightly. It also has Read like the Animals accuracy strategies at the bottom as a reminder for figuring out unknown words. We send home a new reading log each Monday with some sort of Reading Activity. Reading Log | Homework Reading Log | Reading Response Log. A few years ago, I ditched timers and parent signatures from my nightly reading homework log Ė and Iíve never looked back. This resource was created from a need to in creative writing online engage students in air pollution research paper introduction, their independent reading rather than make it a dreaded chore. This Homework Reading Log product contains two main parts: the reading log and in creative online, a question choice sheet. On the ielts log, students list the degrees in creative writing online book they read each night and then choose a response question to show what they've learned from their reading.

There. Air Pollution Paper? Reading Logs: Homework for the YEAR! These Reading Response Homework Reading logs will give you reading homework for the year! This will give you authentic homework that is differentiated for every student. It incorporates reading, writing and comprehension. You can easily align the in creative writing reading homework with your teaching instruction by statement, simply pulling the comprehension skill that matches.

At the bottom of degrees in creative online, each reading response log is essay motherland, a parent helper piece to help parents assist their children at home. The parent helper component. Writing Online? Monthly Reading Logs and Homework Helpers. *****IF YOU PURCHASED THE BLACK FRIDAY 2015 MEGA PACK SET THIS IS INCLUDED IN THE SET**** This AMAZING packet contains a Reading Log and Homework Helper Calendar for each month September - May. Proposal Hukum? The cute monthly reading logs allow you to in creative online keep track of essay about, your students nightly reading in a fun, creative way. Each night the child reads, they simply color a coordinating picture and at the end of the month, if all of the pictures are colored in, they get a prize! The Homework Helper Calendar's are. This file is in creative writing online, available as a traditional PDF file, AND all student forms are available in air pollution research paper, Google Slides for easy availability to Google Classroom. ___________________________________________________________________ Completing the same reading homework every night can get very monotonous for students.

With this packet, mix it up every week, and keep your students thinking. I've included 4 nightly reading response organizers with a different activity to complete Monday through Thursday. You. Reading Logs and Homework Program: Read to Succeed (Monthly Logs) Kids can now record their at-home reading (with or without minutes) Reading Logs without parent signatures and become more fluent readers. This Read to Succeed Reading Logs is a program Iíve designed to be VOLUNTARY. Writing Online? However, it can be used as your homework with no problem. Once I share my comparison ďRaise a ReaderĒ handout (included) with my parents, almost everyone jumps on board. However, because itís ďvoluntary, I donít feel that anyone gets stressed out about ďhomework.Ē The. Reading Logs Homework Sheets for Kindergarten - Full Year#039;s Worth.

This download includes 54 pre-made weekly reading logs. At the bottom of introduction, each reading log is a small homework portion. Homework portions cover a variety of topics from word wall words, literacy, math, and handwriting. Degrees Writing? You can pick and choose from these reading logs to proposal thesis hukum coordinate with your current week's lesson plans. Included are: -10 word wall flashcard reading logs -10 literacy reading logs (beginning sounds, ending sounds, cvc words, rhyming, letter/word sort, uppercase/lowercase letter. I attach this reading log to my students' homework packets every Monday (see my store for more on homework packets).This particular reading log includes a log for each day of the week (including the weekend), but I only attach one inculding logs for degrees Monday-Thursday since they turn it in on Friday. If that is what you prefer to do as well, white out the days you do not wish to about uzbekistan use and copy! :) Nonfiction Weekly Reading Logs for homework RI5.1,RI5.2, RI5.5 Common Core. These are tthree weeks of reading logs for homework. Each week has Monday-Thursday night with directions and a prompt and a place to record the title and degrees writing online, pages read.

They will turn this in each morning for you to check off and proposal thesis hukum, turn in on Fridays. This is a great way to keep your students accountable and degrees, a way for them to practice the skills they are learning in class at home. Essay About Motherland? These logs are aligned with common core informational objectives RI5.1 and RI5.2. They will be summarizing two or. This is a simple reading log for use with students in grades 3-6 that will help you keep track of your students' at home reading. Students are directed to write a short summary of what they read nightly and they must also get a parent signature. In Creative Writing? If you are like me, I also like to see that the parent is involved in the homework process. So, there is also a place for ielts and conclusion parents to initial each day. My students receive their reading logs each Friday and they are due the following Friday. I. Simple reading log for students to log their nightly reading at home. One sheet can be used per in creative online week.

There is a space to log the book, author and a short summary of the story for Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. Students will be held accountable for their reading homework and you can better monitor their reading. Hold your students accountable with some at home reading with this reading log. This is always the essay front cover of my homework packets each week. I like the AR category so I can monitor whether or not they are reading AR books. Freebie offered under Scrappin Doodle license #TPT4494.

Daily Reading Log for degrees online Homework or Classwork + Metacognitive Responses. This is a daily reading record that can be used for homework or classwork. It also includes a space for thesis students to include a short written response to tell what they are thinking about their reading (metacognitive memos). For my students, I print the reading record back-to-back so that they can complete the front side on Monday and Tuesday and the back side from Wednesday-Friday. I give my students an entire pack of these to cover all the weeks of the school year. With the pack, they. Reading Logs for Homework and Reading Goals Reading Reflection Sheets. Reading Logs This is degrees writing, a set of simple reading logs and reading goals plus reading reflection sheets for your students and parents. Included are the forms necessary to assist students in setting purposeful reading goals, tracking their reading for the school year and making parents more accountable for student performances. Please check the well persuasive preview file for a look at the contents of this resource before. Monthly reading logs for degrees in creative online homework - SUPER CUTE!

This is a set of reading logs for research introduction your students to complete as homework. Each log asks the child to read 15 books (or be read to) a month. Every time they read, they color, until the degrees in creative log is complete. Each month features a different theme to keep things fresh! The logs are for research introduction September-June. I keep August homework-free while the degrees in creative writing students get used to being back at school. :-) Thanks for looking! Monthly Reading Log Homework. Simple, Sweet, Seasonal! Reading logs have taken many shapes and forms over the years, but this is a beautiful, simple, seasonal solution for all your reading homework needs! Families, kids, and teachers all love it!

ALL THE INTERESTING DETAILS ____________________________ All 12 months are included with 28 objects to be colored in each month to encourage children/families to read together at least most nights. Please see the preview for more details and photos. September: Apples October: Pumpkins November: Turkey. For students to plan record their homework reading in! Students write the degrees in creative writing online date, the essay motherland title of their book, and degrees writing, how many pages they have read.

Reading log to keep track of students' reading. I require my students to read 20 minutes a night for homework and they log the date, title of book, author, page started, page ended, total pages read, minutes, genre and confidential, parent initials. Can print multiple copies to in creative writing online use year-round. This one page reading log, provides students with space to express their comprehension is words and statement, pictures. Students demonstrate reading strategies, summary skills, and identify the title, author, and genre of the book read. Alternating Reading and degrees in creative writing online, Math Fact Homework Log (Editable), reading log, homework.

This homework log allows the students to proposal thesis track their reading and math fact practice on one sheet for the week. Each night, the students either read and work on math facts, or read and write about their reading. In Creative Writing? This allows for variety and consistent math fact practice a well. This can be customized to your needs. Ielts Essay? ELA Weekly Reading Log and Homework 34 Weeks. Students fill in this Friday to Friday Reading Log and complete ELA practice. Includes a parent signature at the bottom as well as shorter and longer weeks to adjust for breaks and no-school days. ELA practice includes writing prompts, grammar, reading strategies, vocabulary and degrees writing, more. I put a copy of confidential thesis, this log in my students' homework reading folders. Parents are asked to listen to their child read the assigned book, rate it and initial.

Have you ever wanted to in creative writing make sure that your students were really reading each night at home? Well, you've come to the right place. Essay And Conclusion? This is a monthly Reading log where students can keep a record of the type of activity they use at home each night. It has a place for the students to log the writing online amount of time, type of activity (reading with parents, reading alone, listening to a book on CD/iPad app, etc.), as well as a place for parents to initial the log each night. It goes great with the Math, April Tic Tac Toe Reading Log Homework. In lieu of a weekly reading log homework, I created a weekly reading tic tac toe that allows my students to have choice, creativity and fun! There are four included in this purchase. There were created for first graders to use in April in conjunction with reading workshop but could be used by other grade levels or at other times in research paper, the school year! FREE Weekly Reading Log: Homework or Daily 5 (Read to Self Accountability) This product was designed to not only degrees writing online hold students accountable for their nightly reading, but to provide opportunities for them to apply Common Core Skills such as: -Inferencing -Questioning -Making Connections -Critical Thinking This can be used as Homework or During Daily 5 Pleas enjoy and make sure to check out my other products. This product is a homework reading log.

Students fill out ielts, each night's section for homework and return to degrees writing online school the next day. Each night students must include title of book, author, character, setting, main events, and air pollution research paper introduction, conclusion. This product can be edited to suit the needs of your students, i.e. font made bigger, etc. Student Reading Log: Homework Graphic Organizer. Send home with students to keep track of degrees in creative writing online, their weekly reading! This reading log can be used to keep track of up to 3 books or chapters. Students share the main idea of what they read by research, writing sentences or drawing a picture. Then they write whether they liked the book or not. Degrees In Creative Writing Online? This resource is a great way to chips business keep track of in creative online, your students' reading and encourage reading strategy practice at motherland uzbekistan, home. Degrees In Creative? This reading log allows you to pick how many nights a week your students need to written read and online, how long they need to read each night.

I truly hope this resource helps you in essay and conclusion, your classroom! Please enjoy! This sheet provides an easy weekly record of in creative writing online, your student's at home reading. Provides opportunities for visualizing, questioning, connections, and main idea. Chips Plan? 4th Grade Common Core Reading Log Homework Assignments. Degrees Writing Online? 18 Common Core standards-based 4th-grade reading log homework assignments with 12 standards represented.

The logs are designed to be handed out at the beginning of the school week, and turned in on the final day of the school week. Each reading log is essay, labeled with its core standard and has a response question or inquiry designed to display mastery of the degrees writing online standard. Persuasive Essay? The reading logs are designed to be rotated and reused through the year (these 18 assignments last my entire school year, I chose. Used to track, at home reading minutes. Includes space for reflections, beahvior scale, minutes and pages read, and parent initials.

This a variety of online, three different, but very similar reading logs. All of them require the air pollution research paper introduction following: students are to read four times per week and record the title of their selection. These organizers could be used in the classroom as a reader response form and when you feel comfortable with their quality of responses, release the degrees writing online responsibility for homework. This resource provides a quarterly homework packet for students to complete as they progress through a take-home reading novel. The packet includes a section for parent signatures, summaries, vocabulary, and elements of literature review (setting, climax, conflict, plot, etc). There is also a parent letter that is included in this resource that you may send home explaining the guidelines, due dates, and instructions. Ielts And Conclusion? Both of these resources are in Microsoft Word format so you may edit them as.

FREEBIE 5th Grade Reading Log Homework. Online? This is the front page of my reading homework for 5th graders. It is air pollution research, common core aligned, comprehensive, and obtainable for every student no matter their learning abilities and styles. Degrees Writing? This freebie comes with a note to parents. Essay About Motherland Uzbekistan? In the note to parents, all standards are listed that are covered with this one page reading log.

I am sure this will be hit with students and parents! Be sure to check out my other resources in my store! Please leave me some feedback so I can continue to improve and. This is a Reading Log Homework Sheet that parents must sign nightly. Students are asked to read for degrees writing 20 minutes a night for homework. They must write down the book and confidential statement thesis, have a parent sign it each night.

This is a weekly sheet. This daily reading log can be used to practice reading and language standards for writing grades 3,4,5,6. It's great as a guided reading skill practice for reading homework. There are four versions of this file, but it outlines a daily reading skill to practice at home with extracurricular reading books. *fits perfectly on one sheet of paper, double-sided *includes 1 minute timed reading *Monday through Thursday practice *uses graphic organizers to organize student information Skills practiced: Reading Log - For Homework Folder or Binder. Print this reading log weekly. Your students can keep track of the minutes read and the books they have read.

Students will also have the opportunity to rate the books they have read. Text Dependent Question Weekly Reading Log Homework form. Are you required to have your students provide more in depth responses in statement, reading? Are you guiding your students in ways to in creative writing online supply evidence from the text to support their thinking? Are you having a hard time with this? Me too! It takes a lot of practice on the part of our students to statement become proficient in this task. Here is degrees online, a way to plan have them interact more on a daily basis with the skill. Reading homework log asks them to read nightly and respond with more in depth sentences that show their. This is a simple reading log for your homework routine. I hope you enjoy the freebie!

Stop back again soon. Online? 2-Sided Weekly Vocabulary and Reading Log Homework. Use as homework, in centers, a Daily 5 station, or classwork! This 2-sided worksheet can be used week after week for vocabulary acquisition using any words you choose! The reverse side is a reading log that encourages students to essay about motherland achieve their A.R. goals!

I hope you enjoy this freebie created by Miss Braun! Thanks for stopping by! Bilingual Reading Log for Homework FREEBIE! Use this bilingual reading log to help students keep track of their reading at home. Degrees In Creative Online? Enjoy this item! Monthly Reading Log With Homework Pass Reward.

This reading log is used each month. Each week, students will fill in one table. Essay Uzbekistan? On the table, they (or you) will write in the weeks starting date in the top left corner. Each day, students will fill in the book title, whether it is fiction or nonfiction, the minutes read, the pages read, and their parent's initials. The directions indicate that students should read for online 20 minutes Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday.

On Friday, students turn in the reading log. If a student completed. ELA Weekly Reading Log and Homework. Students fill in this Friday to hukum Friday Reading Log and complete ELA practice. In Creative? Includes a parent signature at the bottom as well as shorter and longer weeks to air pollution research paper introduction adjust for breaks and no-school days.

ELA practice includes writing prompts, grammar, reading strategies, vocabulary and in creative writing online, more. Differentiated Reading Logs for Homework. Reading logs help students to remember their nightly reading, and to process the text, which aids in research paper introduction, comprehension. Students have varying abilities--these three reading logs all have a different approach for completing the in creative online homework, ensuring that all students have an opportunity for success. They are presented in 3 formats: Word, Pages, and essay motherland uzbekistan, .pdf. I hope you enjoy using these reading logs. If so, please follow me for alerts about new products. Reading Log Homework - Goal Setting. The students set a goal for the end of the week for pages read.

They write a summary of what they read at the end of each time they read. On the back of the page, the students write down five new words they learned, the sentence that it was used in and what they think it means. Reading Log for Homework. Space for title, how book was read, space for parent initials. Student Reading Logs for Homework.

Teachers can make sure that students are reading nightly. Weekly Reading Log Homework Template. Here is degrees writing online, a weekly reading log template that I created for my class. Feedback is appreciated! Daily reading log to help hold students accountable for confidential statement their nightly reading. A weekly homework assignment that puts students and parents accountable for reading 40 minutes per week. I hand this sheet out Monday and it's returned each Friday. Works very well!

This is a great way for students to degrees writing keep track of their reading at home. Whether they have to read for 15 minutes or longer. They will be able to well written persuasive organize their reading as well as being responsible for recording what they read (genre, questions, etc.) I created this log to hold my students accountable for degrees in creative reading every night. They write the title author, start finish time, total minutes, and get it signed by written persuasive essay, a parent. There is also a column with a different task to complete each night. The tasks are: summarize, make a connection, determine genre and ask a question.

I plan to change these tasks throughout the year to degrees mix it up. Please note that you're heading to essay a part of our site that's not yet optimized for mobile.

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The decisions of the Sponsor on this and all matter relating to degrees online the Contest are final and air pollution paper introduction, binding. Entries will be rated from March 20, 2017 to April 18, 2017. Daniel Jones, Editor, Modern Love, will serve as judge (ďJudgeĒ). Judge will select the degrees in creative, Winner based on talent, writing ability, style, creativity and originality of well written entry. Deciding factors may include clear composition and relevant subject matter. Degrees In Creative Online. The essay selected by Judge as the best essay will be the grand prize winner (ďWinnerĒ).

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Creative writing degree online

Mathematics#8212;Historic, Contemporary, and degrees online Its Relation to Physics. The title of this post does look very ambitious, but in fact the post itself isn#8217;t. I mean, I am not going to even attempt to integrate these diverse threads at all. Chips! Instead, I am going to either just jot down a few links, or copy-paste my replies (with a bit editing) that I had made at some other blogs. In Creative Writing! 1. About (not so) ancient mathematics: 1.1 Concerning calculus: It was something of a goose-bumps moment for me to realize that the historic Indians had very definitely gotten to essay uzbekistan that branch of degrees in creative writing mathematics which is known as calculus.

You have to understand the context behind it. Some three centuries ago, there were priority battles concerning invention of calculus (started by business plan Newton, and degrees online joined by Liebniz and his supporters). Echoes of these arguments could still be heard in popular science writings as recently as when I was a young man, about three decades ago. Against this backdrop, it was particularly wonderful that an Indian mathematician as early as some eight centuries ago had gotten to statement thesis the basic idea of calculus. The issue was highlighted by Prof. Abinandanan at writing online the blog nanpolitan, here [^]. It was based on an article by Prof.

Biman Nath that had appeared in the magazine Frontline [^]. My replies can be found at Abi#8217;s post. I am copy-pasting my replies here. Well Essay! I am also taking the in creative writing, opportunity to rectify a mistake#8212;somehow, I thought that Nath#8217;s article appeared in the Hindu newspaper, and not in the Frontline magazine. About Uzbekistan! My comment (now edited just so slightly):

0. Degrees! Based on motherland uzbekistan my earlier readings of the subject matter (and I have never been too interested in the topic, and online so, it was generally pretty much a casual reading), I used to paper believe that the Indians had not reached that certain abstract point which would allow us to say that they had got to calculus. They had something of a pre-calculus, I thought. Based (purely) on Prof. Nath#8217;s article, I have now changed my opinion. Here are a few points to note: 1. In Creative Writing! How #8220;jyaa#8221; turned to #8220;sine#8221; makes for a fascinating story. Business Plan! Thanks for its inclusion, Prof.

Nath. 2. Aaryabhata didn#8217;t have calculus. Neither did Bramhagupta [my spelling is degrees writing online correct]. But if you wonder why the latter might have laid such an about motherland uzbekistan emphasis on the zero about the same time that he tried taking Aaryabhata#8217;s invention further, chances are, there might have been some churning in Bramhagupta#8217;s mind regarding the abstraction of the infinitesimal, though, with the evidence available, he didn#8217;t reach it. 3. Bhaaskara II, if the evidence in the article is correct, clearly did reach calculus. No doubt about it. In Creative Online! He did not only reach a more abstract level, he even finished the concept by giving it a name: #8220;taatkaalik.#8221; Epistemologically speaking, the concept formation was complete.

I wonder why Prof. Nath, writing for confidential statement, the Frontline, didn#8217;t allocate a separate section to Bhaaskara II. The #8220;giant leap#8221; richly deserved it. Degrees In Creative! And, he even got to the max-min problem by uzbekistan setting the derivative to zero. IMO, this is a second giant leap. Conceptually, it is so distinctive to calculus that even just a fleeting mention of it would be enough to permanently settle the issue. You can say that Aaryabhata and Bramhagupta had some definite anticipation of calculus. And you can#8217;t possible much more further about degrees online Archimedes#8217; method of ielts introduction exhaustion either. But, as a sum total, I think, they still missed calculus per degrees writing say. But with this double whammy (or, more accurately, the one-two punch), Bhaaskara II clearly had got the calculus. Yes, it would have been nice if he could have left for the posterity a mention of the limit.

But writing down the process of reaching the invention has always been so unlike the plan, ancient Indians. Online! Philosophically, the atmosphere would generally be antithetical to such an research introduction idea; the scientist, esp. the degrees in creative writing online, mathematician, may then be excused. But then, if mathematicians had already been playing with infinite series with ease, and were already performing the calculus of finite differences in the context of these infinite series, even explicitly composing verses about essay about motherland their results, then they can be excused for degrees writing online, not having conceptualized limits. After all, even Newton initially worked only persuasive essay with the degrees in creative, fluxion and Leibniz with the infinitesimal. The modern epsilon-delta definition still was some onetwo centuries (in the threefour centuries of modern science) in the coming. But when you explicitly say #8220;instantaneous,#8221; (i.e. Thesis! after spelling out the correct thought process leading to it), there is no way one can say that some distance had yet to be travelled to reach calculus. The destination was already there. Online! And as if to paper introduction remove any doubt still lingering, when it comes to the min-max condition, no amount of merely geometric thinking would get you there. Reaching of that conclusion means that the degrees, train had not already left the first station after entering the calculus territory, but also that it had in fact gone past the second or the third station as well. Ielts Introduction And Conclusion! Complete with an application from online, astronomy#8212;the first branch of physics. I would like to chips business plan know if there are any counter-arguments to the new view I now take of this matter, as spelt out above.

4. Maadhava missed it. The 1/4 vs. 1/6 is not hair-splitting. It is in creative online a very direct indication of the fact that either Maadhava did a #8220;typo#8221; (not at all possible, considering that these were verses to be by-hearted by repetition by the student body), or, obviously, he missed the idea of the repeated integration (which in turn requires considering a progressively greater domain even if only infinitesimally). Research Introduction! Now this latter idea is at the very basis of the modern Taylor series. If Maadhava were to perform that repeated integration (and he would be a capable mathematical technician to be able to do that should the idea have struck him), then he would surely get 1/6. He would get that number, even if he were not to know anything about the factorial idea. And, if he could not get to 1/6, it#8217;s impossible that he would get the degrees, idea of the entire infinite series i.e. the Taylor series, right. 5. Going by ielts essay introduction the content of the writing, article, Prof.

Nath#8217;s conclusion in the last paragraph is, as indicated above, in part, non-sequitur. 6. But yes, I, too, very eagerly look forward to what Prof. Nath has to say subsequently on this and related issues. But as far as the issues such as the existence of progress only in fits here and there, and indeed the absence of a generally monotonously increasing build-up of knowledge (observe the partial regression in Bramhagupta from introduction and conclusion, Aaryabhat, or in Maadhav from degrees writing, Bhaaskar II), I think that philosophy as the fundamental factor in human condition, is essay introduction relevant. 7. In Creative Writing! And, oh, BTW, is #8220;Matteo Ricci#8221; a corrupt form of the original #8220;Mahadeva Rishi#8221; [or #8220;Maadhav Rishi#8221;] or some such a thing? #8230; May Internet battles ensue! 1.2 Concerning #8220;vimaan-shaastra#8221; and estimating : Once again, this was a comment that I made at Abi#8217;s blog, in response to air pollution paper his post on the claims concerning #8220;vimaan-shaastra#8221; and all, here[^]. Degrees In Creative Writing Online! Go through that post, to know the context in which I wrote the following comment (reproduced here with a bit of copy-editing): I tend not to out of essay uzbekistan hand dismiss claims about the ancient Indian tradition. However, this one about the #8220;Vimaan#8221;s and degrees in creative writing all does seem to exceed even my limits.

But, still, I do believe that it can also be very easy to paper introduction dismiss such claims without giving them due consideration. Yes, so many of in creative online them are ridiculous. But not all. Indeed, as a less noted fact, some of the defenders themselves do contradict each other, but never do notice this fact. Let me give you an example.

I am unlike some who would accept a claim only if there is air pollution paper a direct archaeological evidence for it. IMO, theirs is a materialistic position, and online materialism is research paper introduction a false premise; it#8217;s the body of the mind-body dichotomy (in Ayn Rand#8217;s sense of the terms). And, so, I am willing to degrees in creative writing online consider the astronomical references contained in the ancient verses as an chips business plan evidence. Online! So, in that sense, I don#8217;t dismiss a 10,000+ old history of India; I don#8217;t mindlessly accept 600 BC or so as the starting point of civilization and culture, a date so convenient to the missionaries of the Abrahamic traditions. IMO, not every influential commentator to come from the folds of the Western culture can be safely assumed to have attained the levels obtained by air pollution introduction the best among the Greek or enlightenment thinkers. And, so, I am OK if someone shows, based on the astronomical methods, the in creative online, existence of the confidential, Indian culture, say, 5000+ years ago. Yet, there are two notable facts here. (i) The findings of in creative different proponents of this astronomical method of dating of the past events (say the dates of and conclusion events mentioned in RaamaayaNa or Mahaabhaarata) don#8217;t always agree with each other. And, more worrisome is the fact that (ii) despite Internet, they never even notice each other, let alone debate the soundness of their own approaches.

All that they#8212;and their supporters#8212;do is to pick out Internet (or TED etc.) battles against the materialists. Writing! A far deeper thinking is required to even just approach these (and such) issues. But the proponents don#8217;t show the required maturity. It is essay far too easy to jump to conclusions and writing online blindly assert that there were material #8220;Vimaana#8221;s; that #8220;puShpak#8221; etc. were neither a valid description of business a spiritual/psychic phenomenon nor a result of a vivid poetic imagination. It is degrees in creative online much more difficult, comparatively speaking, to think of a later date insertion into a text. It is most difficult to written essay be judicious in writing online ascertaining which part of which verse of which book, can be reliably taken as of ancient origin, which one is a later-date interpolation or commentary, and and conclusion which one is a mischievous recent insertion. Earlier (i.e. decades earlier, while a school-boy or an undergrad in degrees writing online college etc.), I tended to think the plan, very last possibility as not at all possible.

Enough people couldn#8217;t possibly have had enough mastery of degrees in creative writing Sanskrit, practically speaking, to chips fool enough honest Sanskrit-knowing people, I thought. Over the decades, guess, I have become wiser. Writing Online! Not only have I understood the possibilities of the thesis, human nature better on the up side, but also on writing the down side. For instance, one of my colleagues, an engineer, an IITian who lived abroad, could himself compose poetry in Sanskrit very easily, I learnt. No, he wouldn#8217;t do a forgery, sure.

But could one say the same for every one who had a mastery of persuasive essay Sanskrit, without being too naive? And, while on degrees in creative writing online this topic, if someone knows the exact reference from which this verse quoted on Ramesh Raskar#8217;s earlier page comes, and statement thesis drops a line to me, I would be grateful. raskar/ . As usual, when I first read it, I was impressed a great deal. Until, of degrees online course, other possibilities struck me later. (It took years for me to think of these other possibilities.) BTW, Abi also had a follow-up post containing further links about this issue of #8220;vimaan-shaastra#8221; [^]. Proposal Thesis! But, in case you missed it, I do want to degrees in creative online highlight my question again: Do you know the reference from which this verse quoted by Ramesh Raskar (now a professor at MIT Media Lab) comes? If yes, please do drop me a line. Air Pollution Research Paper Introduction! 2. An inspiring tale of a contemporary mathematician: Here is an inspiring story of a Chinese-born mathematician who beat all the odds to achieve absolutely first-rank success. I can#8217;t resist the temptation to insert my trailer: As a boy, Yitang Zhang could not even attend school because he was forced into manual labor on vegetable-growing farms#8212;he lived in the Communist China. As a young PhD graduate, he could not get a proper academic job in the USA#8212;even if he got his PhD there. He then worked as an accountant of sorts, and still went on to solve one of mathematics#8217; most difficult problems. Alec Wilkinson writes insightfully, beautifully, and degrees writing online with an authentic kind of admiration for man the heroic, for The New Yorker, here [^]. (H/T to Prof. Phanish Suryanarayana of about uzbekistan GeorgiaTech, who highlighted this article at degrees writing online iMechanica [^].) (Hindi) #8220;Picture abhi baaki nahin hai, dost!

Picture to khatam ho gai#8221; #8230; Or, welcome back to chips business the #8220;everyday#8221; reality of the modern day#8212;modern day physics, modern day mathematics, and modern day questions concerning the relation between the two. In other words, they still don#8217;t get it#8212;the relation between mathematics and physics. Degrees In Creative Online! That#8217;s why FQXi [^] has got an essay contest about air pollution introduction it. They even call it #8220;mysterious.#8221; More details here [^]. (H/T to Roger Schlafly [^].) Though this last link looks like a Web page of some government lab (American government, not Indian), do check out the second section on that same page: #8220;II Evaluation Criteria.#8221; The main problem description appears in this section. Let me quote the main problem description right in this post: The theme for this Essay Contest is: #8220;Trick or Truth: the in creative, Mysterious Connection Between Physics and Mathematics#8221;. In many ways, physics has developed hand-in-hand with mathematics.

It seems almost impossible to imagine physics without a mathematical framework; at the same time, questions in physics have inspired so many discoveries in mathematics. But does physics simply wear mathematics like a costume, or is math a fundamental part of and conclusion physical reality? Why does mathematics seem so ďunreasonablyĒ effective in fundamental physics, especially compared to mathís impact in other scientific disciplines? Or does it? How deeply does mathematics inform physics, and in creative writing physics mathematics? What are the tensions between them ó the subtleties, ambiguities, hidden assumptions, or even contradictions and paradoxes at the intersection of well written persuasive essay formal mathematics and the physics of the real world? This essay contest will probe the mysterious relationship between physics and mathematics. Further, this section actually carries a bunch of thought-provocative questions to get you going in your essay writing. #8230; And, yes, the important dates are here [^]. Degrees Writing! Now, my answers to a few questions about the contest: Is this issue interesting enough?

Yes. Will I write an essay? No. Why? Because I haven#8217;t yet put my thoughts in a sufficiently coherent form. However, I notice that the contest announcement itself includes so many questions that are worth attempting. Chips! And so, I will think of degrees in creative online jotting down my answers to these questions, even if in essay motherland a bit of a hurry.

However, I will neither further forge the answers together in a single coherent essay, nor will I participate in the contest. Degrees In Creative Online! And even if I were to participate#8230; Well, let me put it this way. Going by Max Tegmark#8217;s and others#8217; inclinations, I (sort of) #8220;know#8221; that anyone with my kind of about uzbekistan answers would stand a very slim chance of actually landing the prize. #8230; That#8217;s another important reason for me not even to degrees in creative writing online try. But, yes, at least this time round, many of the detailed questions themselves are both valid and interesting. Essay Motherland! And so, it should be worth your while addressing them (or at least knowing what you think of them for degrees writing online, your answers). #8230; As far as I am concerned, the only issue is ielts essay and conclusion time. #8230; Given my habits, writing about such things#8212;the deep and writing online philosophical, and therefore fascinating things, the things that are interesting by essay and conclusion themselves#8212;have a way of totally getting out of control. That is, even if you know you aren#8217;t going to interact with anyone else. And, mandatory interaction, incidentally, is another FQXi requirement that discourages me from participating. So, as the online, bottom-line: no definitive promises, but let me see if I can write a post or a document by just straight-forwardly jotting down my answers to those detailed questions, without bothering to explain myself much, and without bothering to statement thesis tie my answers together into a coherent whole. Ok. Enough is enough.

Bye for now. Writing Online! [May be I will come back and add the #8220;A Song I Like#8221; section or so. Not sure. May be I will; may be I won#8217;t. Thesis! Bye.] I am not participating in this FQXi competition. Actually, I had more or less reached this decision right by the middle of this month, but still, just because there was some time in hand, kept on degrees indulging in aimless, useless, baseless, energy-less vacillations about it. Until it was the evening of August 31st, anyway. Motherland Uzbekistan! #8230; Yes, yes, I know there still is some more time in hand, even if only because India is ahead of writing USA in terms of the time of the time-zone. The time still in hand (about 15 hours) is ielts enough to write a mere nine-page essay anyway. Online! However, read on to get to know why I would still not be writing. #8230;

The reason, ultimately, turns out to air pollution research introduction be grounded in the competition topic itself, viz., the degrees in creative writing online, question: #8220;Which of our basic physical assumptions are wrong?#8221; Loosely speaking, the nature of essay introduction and conclusion this question makes it a #8220;negative#8221; topic, not a #8220;positive#8221; one. #8230; That could take some explanation. Degrees In Creative! #8230; OK. No. About Motherland Uzbekistan! I am not a New Age idiot. So, I don#8217;t mean to say that the reason I decided to keep away from this competition is because the topic invites some of kind of a criticism of others . Online! That#8217;s not what I mean by the adjective #8220;negative#8221; here. What I mean by #8220;negative,#8221; here, is: the (logical) compliment of #8220;the positive.#8221; And, by essay #8220;positive,#8221; what I mean is: a direct existential kind of a statement. #8230; More detailed explanation is called for. OK.

For example: #8220;The Sun exists#8221; is degrees in creative a positive statement. It directly captures a fact of reality. Another example: #8220;The Sun shines brightly,#8221; again, is a positive statement. Not primarily because the word #8220;brightness#8221; has a connotation of clarity, efficacy, joy, happiness, etc., all supposedly positive things, but simply because the adjective #8220;brightly#8221; does not logically negate the research paper, sense of the basic truth contained in the rest of that sentence. On these lines, the statement: #8220;A black hole sucks in everything, even light#8221; also is a positive statement. Its purpose is to identify the nature of an writing online existent rather than to deny, qualify, or question one. In Ayn Rand#8217;s way of putting it: The positive statements are of the kind: Existence is identity. Or: A is A. They are not concerned with what possibly might belong in the non-A. They are not concerned with the essay about uzbekistan, logical complement of in creative writing online A. Alright. #8230; What#8217;s that to do with not participating in the essay competition?

I think I have already ended up hinting at this aspect, right during my last post. The FQXi competition question does not ask: #8220;What new, foundational thing have you got right?#8221; It asks: Where did physicists got it wrong? Answering the first question is always easier; the statement, second one is in creative not. Physics is air pollution research paper introduction a science. Online! It establishes its truth via a laborious process, one that proceeds through observations, analysis, hypotheses, experimentation, analysis of data, validation, integration, etc. And, it#8217;s a cyclic or iterative process; the parts of motherland uzbekistan it are interdependent. You don#8217;t begin thinking of degrees writing online integration only after conducting the experiments; considerations of integration are part of the context of analysis and hypothesis generation as well.

You don#8217;t do analysis only research paper before experimentation; you need it right during validation, too. So on in creative online and so forth. About Uzbekistan! All in all, establishing a new truth requires a whole lot of real, hard, work. Naturally, the progress is slow. Naturally, therefore, there is very little to show in any annual/biennial essay contest, if at all one has produced anything in degrees in creative writing that time period. Naturally, therefore, it is very easy to identify what one does have to show, if one has it. However, precisely due to the nature and extent of the hard-work involved, it is very difficult to even summarize what all things one does not have. In a way, it#8217;s a matter of teleology#8212;and the crow-principle of epistemology. The goals are few. But they lead to a whole big #8220;tree#8221; of confidential statement issues, factors, possibilities and considerations to manage. It#8217;s always possible to tell the goals#8212;and it#8217;s even easier to tell the actually achieved goals from among them (which are even fewer than the goals).

But it#8217;s always too complex to even indicate the extent and scope of the #8220;tree#8221;s directly involved in it: the teleological one, and the epistemological one (by which, here, I mean: the #8220;tree#8221; arising out of the basic meanings of the concepts, generalizations or issues at hand). Beyond these complex trees, there also is that biggest of all considerations, when it comes to all matters concerning knowledge, viz., the consideration of integration . Integration of the new knowledge with the sum total of all of the rest of the knowledge. Statements of in creative writing online goals and achievements are easier to make. But since the process of knowledge creation is so intricate, difficult and laborious, statements of what went wrong are far more difficult to chips plan make. The #8220;A#8221; is in creative easy enough to identify if it involves the goals and the achievements; the #8220;non-A#8221; is far too voluminous for the mind to separately deal with. That#8217;s the basic reason why mere polemics never succeeds. Even if a polemics (the non-A) is objectively valid, and even if it#8217;s done very neatly or sharply, the listener#8217;s mind still is simply unable to hold on to much of it, unless the positive part#8212;the #8220;A#8221; of it#8212;is not explicitly identified. So, you get the idea of why I couldn#8217;t get much past that question. Plan! Of course, as I stated in my last post, I could still have written something on degrees in creative online some one important issue and simply dumped it.

I did try. Confidential Thesis! #8230; As it so happens, I was participating in in creative writing a LinkedIn discussion on the nature of randomness (#8220;Is anything truly random?#8221;). I wrote a lot there, and also got misunderstood#8212;at least some, if not a lot. Business Plan! (Expectedly so.) So, it seemed like a good topic on in creative writing which to essay motherland uzbekistan write the FQXi essay. I did try along this direction. However, as soon as I finished my initial take on writing the #8220;outline#8221; part of it, I realized the essential dissonance. What I was addressing was an identification of the confidential statement, basic nature of randomness. But what I was supposed to be addressing was a survey of the physical assumptions that are not only wrong but also obvious enough in their wrongness as to be ripe to be acknowledged by degrees in creative online the (astro)physicist community (at MIT) as indeed being wrong.

Too much of research a chasm in there. Too much of dissonance. The essay indeed would have carried some (what I think are) good contents. In Creative Writing Online! Indeed, I should sincerely try to bring it all together, give it some good, additional touches#8212;specifically, the essay introduction, scholarly kind of touches (doing a real serious lit search etc.). And, then, submit it to degrees writing a suitable journal (e.g.

Foundations of Physics/AJP/The Physics Teacher/Whatever; not Nature/Science/PRL). However, just the fact that it can make for a good essay, doesn#8217;t mean that it makes for a good essay for this competition . Chips! Could anyone have written a good essay to address that particular question? For the reasons indicated above, I don#8217;t think anyone could have. There is just too much that is bad with the present-day physics. The situation is in creative online so (or such) bad that, as mentioned in my last post, in one#8217;s attempts to condense it all, the ielts essay and conclusion, first things to strike one happen to be all philosophic in in creative nature. And, rational philosophic principles are not always well-known to people. So, you also have to face the thesis, issue of having to degrees online explain even simpler among the written persuasive essay, terms, as you go along.

Further, things have gone bad to such extent that not just the Platonic intrinsicism but even classical subjectivism looks brightly rational in comparison. For example, in in creative writing the so-called Many Worlds Interpretation, originated in an American#8217;s 1950#8217;s PhD at Princeton, people don#8217;t just create their own reality, as a classical subjectivist would have you believe. Confidential! The Many Worlds Interpretation#8217;s point is that no people are basically necessary to create world, not even a creator god (the idea of it). Physical processes, occurring in the universe , by themselves, are enough to spawn infinity of universes . Yes, you read it right. That#8217;s the actual thesis. (And, idiots at degrees in creative online places like Princeton, Berkeley, MIT, etc., have by ielts essay introduction and conclusion now developed a tradition of writing taking such nonsense seriously.) So, in short, there indeed is a lot of nonsense out there. (It#8217;s precisely because the situation is so bad philosophically that it also is so bad quantitatively.) But there still is that nine page limit. So, you can#8217;t possibly both write well and thesis comprehensively enough to actually address the essay question. There are objective principles because of which an essay of the kind that the competition question demands, is degrees in creative impossible to business plan write. So, no, I don#8217;t think that anyone else could possibly have a good essay that also actually addresses the degrees in creative writing online, actually posed question.

They may have good essays that don#8217;t address the question or bad essays that do. But they can#8217;t possibly have both. Now, that#8217;s something that looks like modern physics, doesn#8217;t it, FQXi? No ďA Song I LikeĒ section, once again. I still go jobless. Keep that in mind. [This is well written essay initial draft, published on August 31, 2012, 6:31 PM, IST. May be I will make some minor corrections/updates later on] So, you think physicists got it wrong? So, you think physicists got it wrong? If so, why not tell them#8212;or, even if they wouldn#8217;t listen, at least to the world #8212;what precisely it is?

The obvious reference is to the latest FQXi essay contest. The topic they have selected for this edition of the essay contest is: #8220;Which of Our Basic Physical Assumptions Are Wrong?#8221; For more details, see here [^]. In Creative Online! Note that the last date of submitting your essays is August 31, 2012. There also is a chance that #8220;proper#8221; physicists may end up reading your essay; see the about motherland, #8220;Who is FQXi#8221; page here [^]. However, in case you didn#8217;t know about degrees in creative writing FQXi, also note that this is not the ielts introduction and conclusion, first time that they are conducting such an essay contest. Check out the winning essays from the earlier contests: 2008 (on #8220;The Nature of Time#8221;) [^], 2009 (on #8220;What Is Ultimately Possible in in creative writing Physics?#8221;) [^], and 2010-11 (#8220;Is Reality Digital or Analog?#8221;) [^]. To read the essays already submitted for proposal hukum, the current (still open) contest#8212;and the ongoing public discussions on them#8212;follow this URL [^]. In case you are curious to know my opinion of this essay contest, the reason why I didn#8217;t participate in it so far, whether I would participate at least now, etc.: Why I didn#8217;t participate thus far. Well, there are different reasons for it, not a single one.

As to the very first contest, I would have liked to participate in it. However, I simply wasn#8217;t even aware of the FQXi itself at that time. In fact, despite my fairly extensive browsing of writing physics-related sites, I didn#8217;t come to know of the first edition of the essay contest any time before it was already over. What would I have written for the first contest (#8220;The Nature of Time#8221;)? I would have written about the nature of space before coming to that of time. If further curious, my position would have been in ielts introduction many ways quite similar to Ron Pisaturo#8217;s [^].

A few asides: (i) I didn#8217;t know about Pisaturo or his position at that time. (ii) Pisaturo, in his articles, addresses more points than I would have. In fact, some of these points existed only faintly on my radar; it was he, who, in degrees writing online addressing them, highlighted their existence/importance to ielts introduction and conclusion me. (iii) Regarding the degrees, nature of space itself (not to mention other issues like the finitude or otherwise of the physical universe), my position was (and remains) independently arrived at. In fact, I found out via an exchange of a few emails with him that there could be some differences in essay about our positions, may be even some essential ones, esp. at the level of details. In particular, it#8217;s concerning whether space is a concept of mathematics, physics, or both. Now, as far as my own position is concerned, I had been jotting down my points in degrees in creative writing online small pocket notebooks (the paper version!) that I usually carry around. I hope to find the confidential, time, and more importantly, the in creative, right frame of mind, to convert these into thesis, an essay.

I would certainly like to do that, but only after I am more than halfway through writing my QM book. Which means: after about writing online a year or more. Ok. Enough about the first contest. For the immediate next contest (#8220;What Is Ultimately Possible in ielts introduction Physics#8221;), while the topic selection here was rather smart, I personally didn#8217;t think that it was well focused enough. And so, in all probability, I wouldn#8217;t have participated in it. However, it didn#8217;t matter one way or the other because I happened to in creative writing online miss the proposal hukum, deadline once again. (FQXi contests are not held periodically i.e. regularly.) As to the last contest (#8220;Is Reality Digital or Analog#8221;), I thought that the topic was, at least at degrees in creative writing the very first sight, a bit frivolous.

However, as it happened, what I thought of it on the second thoughts also didn#8217;t matter anyway because I once again missed the deadline, this time round by just a few days or so. I think there was some discussion on written HBL on a related topic roughly around that time, and I, in fact had a subscription to the HBL at that time. That topic, I think, began with the discussion on in creative writing whether 0.999999#8230; equals 1.0 or not; then went a bit on to series and infinitesimals in a geometrical context; and then, another related thread made appearance: whether, as we go #8220;all the essay and conclusion, way down,#8221; does the physical stuff at writing online that level have sharp boundaries or not. BTW, this is a far, far better way of formulating what the paper, FQXi contest topic had merely hinted at. #8230; My answers, without providing full justifications here: the stuff #8220;all the in creative, way down#8221; cannot have (infinitely) sharp boundaries, because infinity does not exist in the physical reality (HB had this same position); 0.9#8230; does equal to essay introduction and conclusion 1.0, but only in the limiting sense#8212;the former does not #8220;go to#8221; the latter. Here, surprisingly, HB differed from in creative, me, in the sense, he didn#8217;t at least immediately agree with me; he kept quiet#8212;perhaps was thinking about it. (In case you missed the persuasive, reason why I might have found it surprising: the infinitesimal is nothing but the infinitely small. Degrees In Creative Writing Online! Just the way the infinitely large does not physically exist, similarly, the infinitely small also does not physically exist. Both are mathematical concepts#8212;concepts of methods.) #8230; Anyway, coming back to the FQXi contest, notice the difference that the thesis, FQXi topic had from that discussed at the HBL: both digital and analog are, primarily, mathematical concepts, not physical. The fact that they can be successfully applied to physical reality does not, by itself, make them physical. That#8217;s the reason why I said that the terms in which the issue got discussed at HBL were better#8212;the formulation there captured the essential issue more directly, in degrees in creative writing online fact, quite explicitly. Essay About Motherland! However, as far as I remember, even as these related discussions were going on, none had even mentioned the FQXi contest at HBL, while I was there.

So, I missed that edition too. So, this is the first time that I have run into degrees in creative, a FQXi contest while there still is thesis some time left for it. In Creative! Would I participate now? As of today, frankly, I don#8217;t know. #8230; As you can see by now, as far as I am concerned, it#8217;s the topic that matters more than anything else, actually. Come to uzbekistan think of it, I am not afraid of putting even the inchoate among my thoughts, in an essay contest like this. And, that#8217;s to degrees in creative writing online a large extent because, I am most certainly not at all afraid of participating in it and also not winning anything#8212;not even a fourth prize. One doesn#8217;t enter an essay contest in order to win a prize (just the way one does not take an examination to score the thesis, highest marks/ranks). In case you are sufficiently idiotic to degrees in creative not get it, notice that what I said in the last line is not an argument against having prizes in contests (or taking them home if you win them).

It is about uzbekistan merely a way of highlighting the fact that prizes do not deterministically elicit better responses (just the way top examinations ranks do not necessarily always go to the best guy). (If you are not convinced, substitute #8220;fatalistically#8221; in degrees in creative online place of #8220;deterministically.#8221;) The main function of about uzbekistan prizes is to attract publicity, and thereby, possibly increase one#8217;s chances of finding, or reaching out to, the right people, the right minds. Prizes serve to attract a better audience rather than a better set of participants . Degrees Online! That is, statistically speaking, of course. You don#8217;t necessarily have to win prizes in air pollution research paper order to reach out to a better audience. Degrees In Creative Writing! (And, what#8217;s a better audience, you ask? Obvious. It#8217;s an audience that is itself capable, employs you, pays you, respects you, etc.#8212;overall, values you on a rational basis.) That is the reason why participation matters more than winning. (The Olympics participants usually get it right#8212;and most of the written essay, humanities folks, never do. For example, consider: If it were to degrees in creative be just a matter of exceeding one#8217;s own past performances, or to proposal thesis hukum see the limits of one#8217;s abilities, why not go to a secluded place, exceed your abilities to your heart#8217;s content, and then, never let anyone else get even the wind of degrees in creative writing online it? Ditto, even if your motivation is less exalted, and consists solely of exceeding others#8217; abilities#8212;beating others.

Here, suppose that there are just the two of you, you and your opponent (or the ten of you, or ten teams ), and well written essay suppose that you (or your team) win (wins) over (all) your opponent(s)#8212;but strictly under the degrees in creative online, condition that no one else ever gets to know of it. None. You continue to know that you exceeded your past records, or that you beat others, but there is well persuasive essay no audience for it, no better consequences to follow in your own life, out of it#8230; And, now, also consider a contrasting scenario: What if you do get to connect to writing online the right kind of an audience even if you don#8217;t win a contest in which you participate. What would it be like? Here, I am tempted to written persuasive essay speculate: It would be just like any of our (India#8217;s) sports teams, especially, our cricket team. #8230; So, either way, it is the participation that matters more than the winning. QED, nah?) So, the idea of participating in a contest like FQXi is degrees in creative online quite OK by me. So, coming back to the topic for the current edition of this contest: As soon as I read about the business, contest (which was something like the last week or so), I got the sense that the topic selection was, once again, rather smart#8212;but also that the topic was a bit too open-ended, though probably not too broad. Reading through the vast variety of the essays that people have submitted so far only confirmed, in a way, this apprehension of in creative mine. If a well-informed physicist friend were to ask me in an informal but serious chat the question of the topic (#8220;Which of our basic physical assumptions are wrong?#8221;), the essay about uzbekistan, first set of things to strike me would have been rather philosophical in nature.

But then, this is not an essay contest in philosophy as such, though, I guess, certain parts of philosophy clearly are not out of place here#8212;in fact, dealing, as the contest does, with questioning the foundations, philosophy of physics, and in creative writing online also relevant principles from general philosophy, are clearly welcome. However, the main part that philosophy can play here would be limited to identifying the broad context; the essay cannot be concerned with expounding philosophy itself, as such. And, so, if this friend were then to further insist that I narrow down my answer to some specifically physics-related ideas, I would really begin to wonder what reply to give back. Chips Business Plan! That, in particular, was the degrees in creative online, position in motherland which I found myself for degrees in creative writing, the past few days. Chips Business! I found that, if I have to think of some issues or ideas specifically from writing, physics to answer that question, I could easily think of not just one or two but at least five-six issues, if not ten or more of them. And, I found that I could not really pick out chips one over degrees writing, the other without also substantially involving general philosophy as well#8212;comparing and contrasting these issues in the light of philosophy, i.e. using philosophy to put every one of them in a common broad context embracing them all#8212;in which case, it would become (at least a small) book and cease to ielts essay introduction and conclusion be just an essay i.e. an article. So, honestly speaking, this essay contest has, in a way, foxed me. In a way, it had become a challenge for me to see if I could find just one or two issues out of all those numerous issues. Without there being adequate space to put all of those issues in context, treating just one or two of them would come to mean, I thought, that I consider the in creative writing online, selected issues to be at least more pertinent if not more foundational than the others left out of the essay. And, there, I realized, my home-work is not yet well done. I don#8217;t have a very clear idea as to why I should pick out this issue over that one.

That#8217;s why, at least as far as I am concerned, the proposal, essay topic had, in fact, become a challenge to degrees in creative online me. I then decided to see if I could challenge the challenge (!). Namely, what if I pick up a few issues almost at random, and write something about them, without thereby necessarily implying that these selected issues must be taken as the hierarchically more foundational/at the core/important than the others? Would it then be possible for me to write something? BTW, there would have been another point against chips plan, participating, which no longer matters: Sometimes, the discussion at FQXi seemed to in creative online digressed too much into about uzbekistan, inconsequential matters.

Submitting an essay is to commit to having discussions. But inconsequential/petty digressions could easily get too laborious for the essay author. Here, however, I have noticed that as the contest and its management matures, the degree of such largely pointless digressions seems to be going down. Writing Online! I think you now can more easily ignore the issues/folks you don#8217;t want to thesis tackle/answer, especially so if you really don#8217;t care much about winning the prize. So, that#8217;s another point in favor of participating. So, the churning in my mind regarding the topic, regarding whether to participate in it or not, is still going on, even as I write this blog post. However, I think I am getting increasingly inclined towards the idea of in creative online writing something anyway and dumping it there. Well Written Persuasive! #8230; Let me see if I can do something along that line. Degrees In Creative Online! And, the research paper introduction, only way to writing see whether that is doable or not is to introduction and conclusion actually sit down and degrees in creative writing online start writing something. I will do that. #8230; If something #8220;sensible#8221; comes out it, you will see me submitting an entry by August 31. If not, here is a promise: I will at least share a bit from whatever that I wrote (and decided not to submit for the contest), here at my personal blog, and research paper introduction possibly also other blogs/public fora. No #8220;A Song I Like#8221; section, once again.

I still go jobless. Keep that in mind. [Minor corrections and updates were made on July 23, 2012.] The way people use language, changes. Degrees In Creative! In the mid- and late-1990s, when the Internet was new, when blogs had yet to become widespread, when people would often use their own Web sites (or the and conclusion, feedback forms and #8220;guestbooks#8221; at others#8217; Web sites) to express their own personal thoughts, opinions and feelings#8212;in short, when it still was Web 1.0#8212;one would often run into expressions of the title sort. For example: XYZ is a very great course#8212;NOT! XYZ university has a very great student housing#8212;NOT! XYZ is a very cute product#8212;NOT! #8230; You get the idea#8212;you really do! (NO not!!)#8230; That#8217;s the sense in which the title of this post is to in creative be taken. Proposal Thesis Hukum! For quite some time, I had been thinking of degrees online a problem, a deceptively simple problem, from engineering sciences and mechanics. Actually, it#8217;s not a problem, but a way of modeling problems. Consider a body or a physical object, say a piece of research chalk. Break it into two pieces.

Easy to do so physically? #8230; Fine. Now, consider how you would represent this scenario mathematically. Degrees Writing Online! That is the chips, problem under consideration. #8230; Let me explain further. The problem would be a mere idle curiosity but for the fact that it has huge economic consequences. I shall illustrate it with just two examples. Example 1: Consider hot molten metal being poured in sand molds, during casting. Degrees Online! Though #8220;thick,#8221; the liquid metal does not necessarily flow very smoothly as it runs everywhere inside the mold cavity. Hukum! It brushes against mold-walls, splashes, and degrees in creative online forms droplets.

These flying droplets are more effective than the main body of the hukum, molten metal in abrading (#8220;scrubbing#8221;) the mold-walls, and thereby dislodging sand particles off the mold walls. Degrees Writing! Further, the well persuasive essay, droplets themselves both oxidize fast, and cool down fast. Both the oxidized and solidified droplets, and the sand particles abraded or dislodged by the droplets, fall into the cooling liquid metal. Due to degrees writing oxidized layer the and conclusion, solidified droplets (or due to the high melting point of silicates, the sand particles) do not easily remelt once they fall into the main molten metal. The particles remain separate, and thus get embedded into in creative writing online, the casting, leading to defective castings. About! (Second-phase particles like oxidized droplets and sand particles adversely affect the mechanical load-carrying capacity of the in creative, casting, and also lead to easier corrosion.) We need the flow here to be smooth, not so much because laminar flow by itself is a wonderful to have (and mathematically easier to proposal handle). We need it to remain smooth mainly in degrees in creative writing online order to prevent splashing and to reduce wall-abrasion.

The splashing part involves separation of a contiguous volume of liquid into several bodies (the main body of proposal hukum liquid, and all the splashed droplets). If we can accurately, i.e. mathematically, model how droplets separate out from a liquid, we would be better equipped to handle the task of designing the flow inside a mold cavity. Degrees! Example 2: Way back in mid-1980s, when I was doing my MTech at IIT Madras, I had already run into some report which had said that the economic losses due to unintended catastrophic fractures occurring in the US alone were estimated to be some $5 billion annually. #8230; I quote the figure purely from my not-so-reliable memory. However, even today, I do think that the quoted figure seems reasonable. Just consider just one category of fractures: the ielts essay, loss of degrees online buildings and human life due to introduction and conclusion fractures occurring during earthquakes. Fracture mechanics has been an important field of research for more than half a century by now. The process of fracture, if allowed to degrees in creative continue unchecked, results in a component or an object fragmenting into many pieces. It might surprise many of you (in fact, almost anyone who has not studied fluid mechanics or fracture mechanics) that there simply does not exist any good way to mathematically represent this crucial aspect of droplets formation or fracture: namely, the fact of one body becoming several bodies. More accurately, no one so far (at least to my knowledge) has ever proposed a neat mathematical way to represent such a simple physical fact.

Not in any way that could even potentially prove useful in building a better mechanics of essay motherland fluids or fracture. Not very surprising. After all, right since Newton#8217;s time, the degrees writing, ruling paradigm of building mathematical models has been: differential equations. Differential equations necessarily assume the confidential, existence of degrees in creative writing online a continuum. The region over which a given differential equation is to be integrated, may itself contain holes. Now, sometimes, the existence of holes in a region of space by itself leads to some troubles in thesis some areas of mechanics; e.g., consider how the compatibility criteria of in creative writing elasticity lose simplicity once you let a body carry holes.

Yet, these difficulties are nothing once you theoretically allow the original single body to split apart into well written persuasive, two or more fragments. The main difficulty is the following: A differential equation is degrees in creative online nothing but an equation defined in terms of hukum differentials. (That is some insight!) In the sense of its usage in physics/engineering, a differential equation is an equation defined over degrees writing online, a differential element. A differential element (or an infinitesimal) is a mathematical abstraction. It begins with a mathematically demarcated finite piece of a continuum, and systematically takes its size towards zero. Introduction! A #8220;demarcated finite piece#8221; here essentially means that it has boundaries. Degrees! For example, for a 1D continuum, there would be two separate points serving as the end-points of the finite piece. Such a piece is, then, subjected to the mathematical limiting process, so as to yield a differential element.

To be useful, the differential equation has to be integrated over the entire region, taking into consideration the boundary and initial values. (The region must be primarily finite, and it usually is essay about motherland so. However, sometimes, through certain secondary mathematical considerations and tricks involving certain specific kinds of boundary conditions, we can let the region to be indefinitely large in extent as well.) Since the basic definition of the differential element itself refers to in creative a continuum, i.e. to a continuous region of space, this entire paradigm requires that cuts or holes not existing initially in the region cannot at all be later introduced. A hole is, as I said above, mostly acceptable in mathematical physics. However, the hole cannot grow so as to actually severe a single contiguous region of space into two (or more) separate regions. A cut cannot be allowed to run all the ielts essay introduction, way through. The reason is: (i) either the differential element spanning the two sides of the cut must be taken out of the model#8212;which cannot be done under the differential equations paradigm, (ii) or the entire model must be rejected as being invalid.

Thus, no cut#8212;no boundary#8212;can be introduced within a differential element. A differential element may be taken to degrees in creative online end on a boundary, in a sense. Persuasive! However, it can never be cut apart. (This, incidentally, is the reason why people fall silent when you ask them the in creative writing, question of one of my previous posts: can an infinitesimal carry parts?) You can look at it as a simple logical consistency requirement. If you model anything with differential elements (i.e. Proposal! using the differential equations paradigm), then, by the logic of the way this kind of mathematics has been built and works, you are not allowed to in creative writing online introduce a cut into a continuum and make fragments out of it, later on. In case you are wondering about a logically symmetrical scenario: no, you can also not join two continua into one#8212;the differential equation paradigm does not allow you to do that either. And, no, topology does not lead to any actual progress with this problem either. Topology only helps define some aspects of the problem in mathematically precise terms. But it does not even address the problem I am mentioning here. Such a nature of essay about continuum modeling is indeed was what I had once hinted at, in one of degrees in creative online my comments at iMechanica [^]. I had said (and none contradicted me at that forum for it) that: As an aside, I think in classical mathematics there is no solution to this issue, and there cannot be#8212;you simply cannot model a situation like #8220;one thing becomes two things#8221; or #8220;two infinitesimally close points become separated by a finite distance#8221; within any continuum theory at all#8230; In other words, this is a situation where, if one wishes to think about it in mathematical terms, one#8217;s mind stops. Today, I happened to idly go over these thoughts once again.

And then, a dim possibility of appending a NOT appeared. The reason I say it#8217;s a dim possibility is proposal thesis because: (i) I haven#8217;t yet carefully thought it through; (ii) and so, I am not sure if it really does not carry philosophic inconsistencies (philosophy, here, is to be rather taken in in creative writing online the sense of philosophy of science, of physics and mathematics); (iii) I already know enough to know that this possibility would not in any way help at least that basic fracture mechanical problem which I have mentioned above; and (iv) I think an application simpler than the basic problem of fracture mechanics, should be possible#8212;with some careful provisos in place. May be, just may be. (The reason I am being so tentative is that the idea struck me only this afternoon.) I still need to go over the matter, and so, I will not provide any more details about that dim possibility, right here, right today. However, I think I have already provided a sufficiently detailed description of the problem (and the supposed difficulty about it) that, probably, anyone else (trained in basic engineering/physics and mathematics) could easily get it. So, in well essay the meanwhile, if you can think of degrees writing any solution#8212;or even a solution approach#8212;that could take care of this problem, drop me a line or add a comment. #8230; If you are looking for a succinct statement of the problem out of this (as usual) verbose blog-post, then take the air pollution introduction, above-mentioned quote from my iMechanica comment, as the problem statement. #8230; For years (two+ decades) I thought no solution/approach to that problem was possible, and even at degrees writing online iMechanica, it didn#8217;t elicit any response indicating otherwise. #8230; But, now, I think there could perhaps be a way out#8212;if I am consistent by essay about motherland basic philosophic considerations, that is. It#8217;s a simple thing, really speaking, a very obvious one too, and not at all a big deal#8230; However, the point is, now the (or my) mind no longer comes to a complete halt when it comes to that problem#8230; Enough for the time being. I will consider posting about this issue at iMechanica after a little while. #8230; And, BTW, if you are in a mode to think very deeply about it, also see something somewhat related to in creative writing online this problem, viz., the 2011 FQXi Essay Contest (and what its winners had to say about that problem): [^]. Though related, the two questions are a bit different. For the purpose of this post, the main problem is the one I mentioned above.

Think about it, and have fun! And if you have something to say about it, do drop me a line! Bye for now!! (Hindi) #8220;nahin nahin koee tumasaa hanseen#8230;#8221; Singers: Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosale. Music: Rajesh Roshan. Lyrics: Anand Bakshi. [PS: Perhaps, a revision to fix simple errors, and possibly to add a bit of content here and there, is still due.] I am an engineer from Pune, India---more like a computational engineer-cum-physicist. (This blog is in about copyright. (I should easily give you the permission to use the material here, but you have to ask me first.))

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Complete Guide to online Ethics Management: An Ethics Toolkit for Managers. (This guide is essay about motherland located at in creative on the Web.) The profession of business ethics has long needed a highly practical resource that is designed particularly for leaders and managers -- those people charged to business plan ensure ethical practices in their organizations. Unfortunately, far too many resources about degrees in creative business ethics end up being designed primarily for philosophers, academics and essay social critics. As a result, leaders and managers struggle to really be able to make use of the resources at all. Also, far too many resources about in creative business ethics contain sensationalistic stories about proposal thesis businesses gone bad or prolonged preaching to businesses to do the right thing. These resources often explore simplistic ethical questions, such as Should Jane steal from the company? The real world of leaders and managers is in creative often much more complex than that. This guide is a straightforward and highly practical tool designed to help leaders and managers implement comprehensive ethics management systems in their workplaces -- systems to deal with the complex, ethical issues that can occur in well written essay the day-to-day realities of leading and managing an degrees in creative online, organization.

This free guidebook is about 20 pages long (8 1/2 x 11 pages). If you are reading the document on the World Wide Web, please wait until the proposal hukum document is fully loaded before attempting to link to its sections listed below. The best approach to using this guidebook may be to print it out for ongoing reference. The Free Management Library provides additional information about ethics and a great range of other free information about in creative writing management. For a complete list of library topics, see The author, Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD, makes no warranty, express or implied, nor assumes any legal liability for accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information from this guide.

Another Tool to Effectively Infuse Ethical Principles: If you are planning to well written infuse strong, ethical principles throughout your company or want to change the culture of in creative writing online your company, then you might take the advice of Bob Kniffin, Vice President of External Affairs, at business plan Johnson and Johnson (JJ) company. The way that JJ handled an ethical issue (the Tylenol scare crisis) in the 1980s is probably one of the degrees in creative most inspiring and enlightening examples of how to successfully deal with a major ethical issue in business. Kniffin was one of the key players in air pollution research paper introduction helping JJ to handle the crisis so effectively. Kniffin said that it was not the JJ Credo (a form of a code of ethics) that helped JJ to handle the crisis so well. Rather, it was the ongoing challenge sessions that the company regularly held in in creative online order for proposal, each person to clarify their own perspective and commitment to the JJ Credo. Authenticity Consulting's peer coaching groups are a powerful, yet straightforward, means to organize, facilitate and evaluate challenge sessions. For more information about the peer coaching groups, go to our publications site ( and consider the Program Planning Kit. · This free guidebook aims to fill a large void of in creative writing practical, realistic ethics information for leaders and thesis managers, whether nonprofit or for-profit. · This guidebook takes about two hours to read.

It is degrees in creative writing online concisely written and well organized as a step-by-step guidebook for handy reference. · This guidebook is free in order to make its contents highly accessible to organizations , particularly those with limited resources. The free nature of this document does not in any way indicate that its content are of low value -- high fees and impressive presentation do not necessarily imply high value. · The author hopes the online form of chips business this document remains a dynamic community resource that is writing online continually modified and improved by plan, feedback, particularly from leaders and managers -- those people in the trenches who are charged with applying business ethics techniques in the workplace. Particular Thanks! goes to writing online Twin Cities-based consultants, Doug Wallace and Jon Pekel, of the Fulcrum Group (651-714-9033; e-mail at [email protected]), for contributing key information to this document. I have referenced their copyright where I included their key materials in well written persuasive this guidebook.

Document Fills a Void of writing online Practical Business Ethics Information for Leaders and Managers. Current Literature is Focused on Needs of Philosophers, Academics and uzbekistan Social Critics -- Leaders and Managers Require More Practical Information About Managing Ethics. Managing ethics in the workplace holds tremendous benefit for leaders and in creative writing managers, benefits both moral and practical. This is particularly true today when it is critical to understand and manage highly diverse values in the workplace. But it isn't from lack of examples that managers aren't better at managing ethics in the workplace -- they require more practical information about managing ethics. This problem was explained very well by Stark in his article, What's the Matter with Business Ethics? published in the Harvard Business Review (1993, May/June, pp. 38-48). Brenner (Journal of Business Ethics, V11, pp.

391:399) notes while much has been written about individual components of ethics programs, especially about codes of essay ethics, the literature is much more limited on ethics programs. Wong and writing Beckman (Journal of Business Ethics, V11, pp. 173-178) note that researchers are claiming that current literature is filled with strong arguments for more ethical corporate leadership and incorporation of ethics in business curriculum, but what is conspicuously missing is the how to in actually putting ethical goals and theories into practical action. Lack of involvement from leaders and managers in the field of hukum business ethics (again, this is the fault of no one or of everyone) has spawned a great deal of confusion and misunderstanding among leaders and managers about business ethics. McDonald and degrees writing Zepp, in their article What Should Be Done? A Practical Approach to Business Ethics (Management Decision, 28, 1, 1990, pp. 9-13), note that when someone brings up the statement topic of business ethics . Degrees In Creative Online. it tends to bring up cynicism, righteousness, paranoia, and laughter.

Many leaders and about motherland managers believe business ethics is religion because it seems to contain a great deal of preaching. Or, they believe it to degrees writing online be superfluous because it seems to merely assert the obvious: do good! Stark notes that often ethicists advance a kind of motherland uzbekistan moral absolutism that avoids many of the difficult and most interesting questions. Case studies to explore ethical dilemmas are often far too simplistic, presented as if every real-life situation has a right and wrong e.g., should I lie, cheat or steal? Consequently, many managers believe business ethics is irrelevant because too much business ethics training avoids the real-to-life complexities in leading organizations. (This document contains samples of real-to-life, complex ethical dilemmas, in a subsection, Examples of Real-to-Life Complex Ethical Dilemmas in the upcoming section Ethics Tools: Resolving Ethical Dilemmas.) Bob Dunn, President and CEO of San Francisco-based Business for Social Responsibility, explains, Ethical decisions aren't as easy as they used to be. Now, they're the writing online difference between right -- and right. Preston Townley, in persuasive essay his speech Business Ethics: Commitment to in creative online Tough Decisions (Vital Speeches, January 1992, pp.

208-211), states that . it ought to be fairly easy to choose between right and wrong by thesis hukum, relying on principles, but business activity often demands that we select from degrees alternatives that are neither wholly right or wholly wrong. Simply put, ethics involves learning what is right or wrong, and about uzbekistan then doing the right thing -- but the right thing is not nearly as straightforward as conveyed in a great deal of business ethics literature. Degrees In Creative. Most ethical dilemmas in the workplace are not simply a matter of Should Bob steal from Jack? or Should Jack lie to his boss? (Many ethicists assert there's always a right thing to do based on moral principle, and others believe the right thing to do depends on the situation -- ultimately it's up to the individual.) Many philosophers consider ethics to be the science of conduct. Twin Cities consultants Doug Wallace and John Pekel (of the Twin Cities-based Fulcrum Group; 651-714-9033; e-mail at [email protected]) explain that ethics includes the fundamental ground rules by which we live our lives. Philosophers have been discussing ethics for at least 2500 years, since the time of Socrates and Plato. Many ethicists consider emerging ethical beliefs to essay motherland uzbekistan be state of the art legal matters, i.e., what becomes an ethical guideline today is often translated to a law, regulation or rule tomorrow. Values which guide how we ought to online behave are considered moral values, e.g., values such as respect, honesty, fairness, responsibility, etc. Statements around how these values are applied are sometimes called moral or ethical principles. The concept has come to mean various things to various people, but generally it's coming to know what it right or wrong in the workplace and doing what's right -- this is in regard to effects of products/services and in relationships with stakeholders. Statement Thesis. Wallace and degrees in creative writing online Pekel explain that attention to business ethics is critical during times of fundamental change -- times much like those faced now by businesses, both nonprofit or for-profit.

In times of fundamental change, values that were previously taken for granted are now strongly questioned. Essay. Many of these values are no longer followed. Consequently, there is no clear moral compass to guide leaders through complex dilemmas about what is right or wrong. Attention to ethics in the workplace sensitizes leaders and staff to how they should act. Perhaps most important, attention to ethics in the workplaces helps ensure that when leaders and managers are struggling in times of crises and confusion, they retain a strong moral compass. Online. However, attention to proposal hukum business ethics provides numerous other benefits, as well (these benefits are listed later in this document). Two Broad Areas of Business Ethics. 1. Managerial mischief.Madsen and writing online Shafritz, in their book Essentials of Business Ethics (Penguin Books, 1990) further explain that managerial mischief includes illegal, unethical, or questionable practices of individual managers or organizations, as well as the causes of such behaviors and remedies to eradicate them.

There has been a great deal written about managerial mischief, leading many to believe that business ethics is merely a matter of preaching the essay about basics of what is right and wrong. In Creative Online. More often, though, business ethics is a matter of dealing with dilemmas that have no clear indication of what is proposal right or wrong. 2. Moral mazes. In Creative. The other broad area of business ethics is well moral mazes of management and online includes the numerous ethical problems that managers must deal with on a daily basis, such as potential conflicts of interest, wrongful use of resources, mismanagement of contracts and agreements, etc. Business Ethics is Now a Management Discipline. Business ethics has come to be considered a management discipline, especially since the birth of the social responsibility movement in the 1960s. In that decade, social awareness movements raised expectations of businesses to use their massive financial and essay introduction and conclusion social influence to address social problems such as poverty, crime, environmental protection, equal rights, public health and improving education.

An increasing number of people asserted that because businesses were making a profit from using our country's resources, these businesses owed it to our country to work to in creative improve society. Many researchers, business schools and managers have recognized this broader constituency, and in their planning and operations have replaced the word stockholder with stakeholder, meaning to include employees, customers, suppliers and the wider community. Business ethics in the workplace is confidential statement thesis about prioritizing moral values for the workplace and ensuring behaviors are aligned with those values -- it's values management. Yet, myths abound about business ethics. Some of these myths arise from general confusion about the notion of ethics. Degrees In Creative Online. Other myths arise from motherland uzbekistan narrow or simplistic views of ethical dilemmas. 1. Myth: Business ethics is more a matter of religion than management. Diane Kirrane, in Managing Values: A Systematic Approach to Business Ethics, (Training and Development Journal, November 1990), asserts that altering people's values or souls isn't the aim of an degrees writing, organizational ethics program -- managing values and conflict among them is . 2. Myth: Our employees are ethical so we don't need attention to business ethics. Most of the ethical dilemmas faced by business plan, managers in the workplace are highly complex. Wallace explains that one knows when they have a significant ethical conflict when there is presence of a) significant value conflicts among differing interests, b) real alternatives that are equality justifiable, and c) significant consequences on stakeholders in the situation. Kirrane mentions that when the topic of business ethics comes up, people are quick to speak of the Golden Rule, honesty and in creative online courtesy.

But when presented with complex ethical dilemmas, most people realize there's a wide gray area when trying to apply ethical principles. 3. Myth: Business ethics is a discipline best led by philosophers, academics and theologians. Lack of involvement of leaders and managers in business ethics literature and discussions has led many to believe that business ethics is a fad or movement, having little to paper introduction do with the day-to-day realities of running an degrees in creative, organization. They believe business ethics is plan primarily a complex philosophical debate or a religion. However, business ethics is a management discipline with a programmatic approach that includes several practical tools. Ethics management programs have practical applications in other areas of management areas, as well. (These applications are listed later on in this document.) 4. Myth: Business ethics is in creative writing online superfluous -- it only asserts the obvious: do good! Many people react that codes of ethics, or lists of ethical values to which the organization aspires, are rather superfluous because they represent values to which everyone should naturally aspire.

However, the value of essay a codes of ethics to an organization is its priority and focus regarding certain ethical values in degrees in creative online that workplace. For example, it#146;s obvious that all people should be honest. However, if an organization is struggling around continuing occasions of deceit in the workplace, a priority on honesty is very timely -- and honesty should be listed in that organization#146;s code of ethics. Note that a code of ethics is an organic instrument that changes with the needs of society and the organization. 5. Myth: Business ethics is a matter of the good guys preaching to the bad guys.

Some writers do seem to paper introduction claim a moral high ground while lamenting the poor condition of business and its leaders. However, those people well versed in online managing organizations realize that good people can take bad actions, particularly when stressed or confused. (Stress or confusion are not excuses for unethical actions -- they are reasons.) Managing ethics in the workplace includes all of essay motherland uzbekistan us working together to help each other remain ethical and to work through confusing and stressful ethical dilemmas. 6. Writing. Myth: Business ethics in about the new policeperson on the block. Many believe business ethics is a recent phenomenon because of increased attention to the topic in popular and management literature. However, business ethics was written about even 2,000 years ago -- at least since Cicero wrote about the topic in his On Duties.

Business ethics has gotten more attention recently because of the social responsibility movement that started in the 1960s. 7. Myth: Ethics can't be managed. Actually, ethics is always managed -- but, too often, indirectly. For example, the behavior of the in creative writing organization's founder or current leader is a strong moral influence, or directive if you will, on behavior or employees in the workplace. Strategic priorities (profit maximization, expanding marketshare, cutting costs, etc.) can be very strong influences on morality. Laws, regulations and rules directly influence behaviors to essay about motherland be more ethical, usually in a manner that improves the general good and/or minimizes harm to the community. Some are still skeptical about business ethics, believing you can't manage values in an organization. Donaldson and Davis (Management Decision, V28, N6) note that management, after all, is a value system.

Skeptics might consider the degrees in creative writing tremendous influence of several codes of ethics, such as the 10 Commandments in essay and conclusion Christian religions or the U.S. Constitution. Degrees Writing Online. Codes can be very powerful in smaller organizations as well. 8. Myth: Business ethics and social responsibility are the same thing. The social responsibility movement is essay one aspect of the overall discipline of business ethics. Madsen and degrees in creative writing Shafritz refine the definition of business ethics to be: 1) an application of ethics to the corporate community, 2) a way to determine responsibility in business dealings, 3) the identification of important business and social issues, and 4) a critique of business. Items 3 and 4 are often matters of social responsibility. (There has been a great deal of public discussion and writing about items 3 and 4. However, there needs to be more written about items 1 and 2, about how business ethics can be managed.) Writings about social responsibility often do not address practical matters of introduction managing ethics in the workplace, e.g., developing codes, updating polices and procedures, approaches to degrees resolving ethical dilemmas, etc. 9. Myth: Our organization is not in trouble with the law, so we're ethical. One can often be unethical, yet operate within the limits of the well persuasive law, e.g., withhold information from writing online superiors, fudge on budgets, constantly complain about others, etc.

However, breaking the law often starts with unethical behavior that has gone unnoticed. The boil the frog phenomena is a useful parable here: If you put a frog in hot water, it immediately jumps out. Confidential Statement Thesis. If you put a frog in cool water and slowly heat up the water, you can eventually boil the frog. The frog doesn't seem to in creative writing online notice the adverse change in its environment. 10. Myth: Managing ethics in the workplace has little practical relevance. Managing ethics in the workplace involves identifying and prioritizing values to guide behaviors in the organization, and business establishing associated policies and in creative writing procedures to business ensure those behaviors are conducted. One might call this values management. Writing Online. Values management is proposal thesis hukum also highly important in other management practices, e.g., managing diversity, Total Quality Management and strategic planning. 10 Benefits of Managing Ethics in the Workplace. Many people are used to reading or hearing of the degrees in creative writing online moral benefits of attention to business ethics.

However, there are other types of benefits, as well. Written. The following list describes various types of benefits from writing managing ethics in the workplace. 1. Attention to ielts essay business ethics has substantially improved society. A matter of decades ago, children in in creative our country worked 16-hour days. Workers#146; limbs were torn off and confidential thesis disabled workers were condemned to poverty and often to in creative writing starvation. Trusts controlled some markets to the extent that prices were fixed and business small businesses choked out. Price fixing crippled normal market forces. Employees were terminated based on personalities. Influence was applied through intimidation and harassment. Then society reacted and demanded that businesses place high value on fairness and equal rights.

Anti-trust laws were instituted. Government agencies were established. Unions were organized. Laws and regulations were established. 2. Ethics programs help maintain a moral course in turbulent times. As noted earlier in this document, Wallace and Pekel explain that attention to business ethics is critical during times of fundamental change -- times much like those faced now by businesses, both nonprofit or for-profit. During times of change, there is degrees in creative online often no clear moral compass to guide leaders through complex conflicts about what is right or wrong. Continuing attention to thesis ethics in the workplace sensitizes leaders and staff to in creative how they want to act -- consistently.

3. Ethics programs cultivate strong teamwork and productivity. Ethics programs align employee behaviors with those top priority ethical values preferred by leaders of the organization. Usually, an organization finds surprising disparity between its preferred values and air pollution the values actually reflected by behaviors in the workplace. Ongoing attention and degrees in creative writing online dialogue regarding values in the workplace builds openness, integrity and community -- critical ingredients of strong teams in the workplace. Employees feel strong alignment between their values and those of the organization. They react with strong motivation and performance. 4. Ethics programs support employee growth and meaning. Attention to confidential statement ethics in writing online the workplace helps employees face reality, both good and bad -- in the organization and themselves.

Employees feel full confidence they can admit and deal with whatever comes their way. Bennett, in his article Unethical Behavior, Stress Appear Linked (Wall Street Journal, April 11, 1991, p. B1), explained that a consulting company tested a range of executives and about managers. Their most striking finding: the more emotionally healthy executives, as measured on a battery of tests, the more likely they were to score high on in creative writing online ethics tests. 5. Ethics programs are an insurance policy -- they help ensure that policies are legal. There is an increasing number of lawsuits in regard to personnel matters and to effects of an proposal thesis, organization#146;s services or products on stakeholders. Degrees In Creative. As mentioned earlier in this document, ethical principles are often state-of-the-art legal matters. These principles are often applied to current, major ethical issues to become legislation. Attention to ethics ensures highly ethical policies and procedures in the workplace.

It#146;s far better to incur the cost of mechanisms to ensure ethical practices now than to incur costs of litigation later. A major intent of well-designed personnel policies is to ensure ethical treatment of employees, e.g., in air pollution research paper matters of hiring, evaluating, disciplining, firing, etc. Drake and Drake (California Management Review, V16, pp. 107-123) note that #147;an employer can be subject to degrees writing suit for breach of motherland contract for failure to comply with any promise it made, so the degrees online gap between stated corporate culture and actual practice has significant legal, as well as ethical implications.#148; 6. Ethics programs help avoid criminal acts #147;of omission#148; and can lower fines. Ethics programs tend to detect ethical issues and violations early on so they can be reported or addressed. In some cases, when an organization is aware of an actual or potential violation and does not report it to proposal hukum the appropriate authorities, this can be considered a criminal act, e.g., in degrees in creative writing business dealings with certain government agencies, such as the Defense Department.

The recent Federal Sentencing Guidelines specify major penalties for chips plan, various types of major ethics violations. However, the guidelines potentially lowers fines if an organization has clearly made an effort to operate ethically. 7. Ethics programs help manage values associated with quality management, strategic planning and diversity management -- this benefit needs far more attention. Ethics programs identify preferred values and ensuring organizational behaviors are aligned with those values. This effort includes recording the degrees in creative online values, developing policies and procedures to align behaviors with preferred values, and then training all personnel about the policies and procedures.

This overall effort is very useful for several other programs in the workplace that require behaviors to statement thesis be aligned with values, including quality management, strategic planning and diversity management. Total Quality Management includes high priority on certain operating values, e.g., trust among stakeholders, performance, reliability, measurement, and feedback. Eastman and writing Polaroid use ethics tools in their quality programs to ensure integrity in their relationships with stakeholders. Ethics management techniques are highly useful for managing strategic values, e.g., expand marketshare, reduce costs, etc. McDonnell Douglas integrates their ethics programs into their strategic planning process.

Ethics management programs are also useful in chips plan managing diversity. Writing. Diversity is ielts and conclusion much more than the color of people#146;s skin -- it#146;s acknowledging different values and perspectives. Diversity programs require recognizing and applying diverse values and perspectives -- these activities are the basis of a sound ethics management program. 8. Ethics programs promote a strong public image. Attention to in creative online ethics is also strong public relations -- admittedly, managing ethics should not be done primarily for chips plan, reasons of public relations. In Creative. But, frankly, the fact that an ielts essay introduction and conclusion, organization regularly gives attention to writing online its ethics can portray a strong positive to the public. People see those organizations as valuing people more than profit, as striving to operate with the utmost of integrity and honor. Aligning behavior with values is research introduction critical to effective marketing and public relations programs.

Consider how Johnson and Johnson handled the degrees in creative Tylenol crisis versus how Exxon handled the about motherland uzbekistan oil spill in Alaska. Bob Dunn, President and CEO of San Francisco-based Business for Social Responsibility, puts it best: #147;Ethical values, consistently applied, are the cornerstones in degrees writing online building a commercially successful and socially responsible business.#148; 9. Written Essay. Overall benefits of ethics programs: Donaldson and Davis, in #147;Business Ethics? Yes, But What Can it Do for the Bottom Line?#148; (Management Decision, V28, N6, 1990) explain that managing ethical values in the workplace legitimizes managerial actions, strengthens the degrees in creative writing coherence and thesis balance of the organization#146;s culture, improves trust in relationships between individuals and groups, supports greater consistency in standards and qualities of products, and cultivates greater sensitivity to the impact of the enterprise#146;s values and messages. 10.

Last - and most -- formal attention to ethics in the workplace is the right thing to do. One Description of a Highly Ethical Organization. Mark Pastin, in The Hard Problems of Management: Gaining the Ethics Edge (Jossey-Bass, 1986), provides the following four principles for highly ethical organizations: 1. They are at ease interacting with diverse internal and external stakeholder groups. The groundrules of these firms make the good of these stakeholder groups part of the organizations' own good.

2. They are obsessed with fairness. Their groundrules emphasize that the other persons' interests count as much as their own. 3. Writing. Responsibility is individual rather than collective, with individuals assuming personal responsibility for actions of the organization. These organizations' groundrules mandate that individuals are responsible to themselves. 4. They see their activities in terms of purpose. This purpose is a way of operating that members of the uzbekistan organization highly value. And purpose ties the organization to its environment. 1. There exists a clear vision and picture of degrees in creative writing integrity throughout the organization. 2. The vision is owned and embodied by top management, over time. 3. The reward system is aligned with the vision of integrity. 4. Policies and practices of the organization are aligned with the vision; no mixed messages.

5. Air Pollution Research Introduction. It is understood that every significant management decision has ethical value dimensions. 6. Everyone is expected to work through conflicting-stakeholder value perspectives. Ethics Management Programs: An Overview. About Ethics Management Programs Organizations can manage ethics in their workplaces by establishing an ethics management program. In Creative Writing Online. Brian Schrag, Executive Secretary of the Association for Practical and Professional Ethics, clarifies.

Typically, ethics programs convey corporate values, often using codes and policies to guide decisions and behavior, and can include extensive training and introduction and conclusion evaluating, depending on the organization. Degrees. They provide guidance in ethical dilemmas. Plan. Rarely are two programs alike. Benefits of Managing Ethics as a Program. There are numerous benefits in formally managing ethics as a program, rather than as a one-shot effort when it appears to be needed. Ethics programs: · Establish organizational roles to manage ethics. · Schedule ongoing assessment of ethics requirements. · Establish required operating values and behaviors. · Align organizational behaviors with operating values.

· Develop awareness and degrees in creative writing online sensitivity to air pollution introduction ethical issues. · Integrate ethical guidelines to decision making. · Structure mechanisms to resolving ethical dilemmas. · Facilitate ongoing evaluation and updates to the program. · Help convince employees that attention to ethics is not just a knee-jerk reaction done to get out of trouble or improve public image. 8 Guidelines for Managing Ethics in in creative writing online the Workplace.

The following guidelines ensure the ethics management program is business operated in a meaningful fashion: 1. Recognize that managing ethics is a process. Ethics is a matter of values and associated behaviors. Values are discerned through the process of ongoing reflection. In Creative Writing. Therefore, ethics programs may seem more process-oriented than most management practices. Managers tend to be skeptical of process-oriented activities, and instead prefer processes focused on deliverables with measurements.

However, experienced managers realize that the deliverables of standard management practices (planning, organizing, motivating, controlling) are only motherland tangible representations of degrees online very process-oriented practices. For example, the process of strategic planning is much more important than the plan produced by the process. The same is true for ethics management. Ethics programs do produce deliverables, e.g., codes, policies and procedures, budget items, meeting minutes, authorization forms, newsletters, etc. However, the most important aspect from an ethics management program is the process of reflection and dialogue that produces these deliverables. 2. The bottom line of an air pollution research paper, ethics program is degrees writing online accomplishing preferred behaviors in the workplace. As with any management practice, the most important outcome is behaviors preferred by the organization. The best of ethical values and intentions are relatively meaningless unless they generate fair and just behaviors in the workplace. That's why practices that generate lists of ethical values, or codes of ethics, must also generate policies, procedures and training that translate those values to appropriate behaviors. 3. The best way to confidential statement thesis handle ethical dilemmas is to avoid their occurrence in in creative the first place. That's why practices such as developing codes of ethics and chips business codes of conduct are so important.

Their development sensitizes employees to degrees in creative writing online ethical considerations and minimize the proposal chances of unethical behavior occurring in in creative writing the first place. 4. Make ethics decisions in groups, and make decisions public, as appropriate. This usually produces better quality decisions by including diverse interests and business perspectives, and degrees in creative online increases the credibility of the research decision process and outcome by reducing suspicion of unfair bias. 5. Integrate ethics management with other management practices. When developing the writing values statement during strategic planning, include ethical values preferred in the workplace. When developing personnel policies, reflect on what ethical values you'd like to be most prominent in essay motherland the organization's culture and then design policies to writing produce these behaviors. 6. Use cross-functional teams when developing and implementing the ethics management program. It#146;s vital that the organization#146;s employees feel a sense of participation and ownership in essay about motherland the program if they are to adhere to its ethical values.

Therefore, include employees in developing and operating the program. 7. Value forgiveness. This may sound rather religious or preachy to some, but it#146;s probably the most important component of any management practice. An ethics management program may at first actually increase the number of ethical issues to be dealt with because people are more sensitive to their occurrence. Consequently, there may be more occasions to address people#146;s unethical behavior. The most important ingredient for degrees writing online, remaining ethical is trying to be ethical.

Therefore, help people recognize and paper introduction address their mistakes and then support them to continue to try operate ethically. 8. Note that trying to operate ethically and making a few mistakes is better than not trying at all. Some organizations have become widely known as operating in a highly ethical manner, e.g., Ben and Jerrys, Johnson and Johnson, Aveda, Hewlett Packard, etc. Unfortunately, it seems that when an writing, organization achieves this strong public image, it's placed on a pedestal by some business ethics writers. All organizations are comprised of people and chips business plan people are not perfect. However, when a mistake is made by any of these organizations, the organization has a long way to fall. In our increasingly critical society, these organizations are accused of being hypocritical and they are soon pilloried by social critics. Consequently, some leaders may fear sticking their necks out publicly to announce an ethics management program.

This is extremely unfortunate. It's the trying that counts and in creative writing brings peace of mind -- not achieving an heroic status in proposal society. 6 Key Roles and Responsibilities in degrees in creative writing Ethics Management. Depending on the size of the organization, certain roles may prove useful in managing ethics in business plan the workplace. These can be full-time roles or part-time functions assumed by someone already in degrees in creative writing online the organization. Small organizations certainly will not have the resources to implement each the following roles using different people in chips the organization. However, the following functions points out responsibilities that should be included somewhere in the organization. 1. The organization's chief executive must fully support the program. If the chief executive isn't fully behind the program, employees will certainly notice -- and this apparent hypocrisy may cause such cynicism that the organization may be worse off than having no formal ethics program at all. Therefore, the chief executive should announce the program, and degrees champion its development and implementation. Most important, the confidential chief executive should consistently aspire to lead in an ethical manner.

If a mistake is made, admit it. 2. Consider establishing an degrees in creative writing, ethics committee at the board level. The committee would be charged to oversee development and ielts essay and conclusion operation of the ethics management program. 3. Consider establishing an ethics management committee. It would be charged with implementing and administrating an ethics management program, including administrating and training about policies and procedures, and resolving ethical dilemmas. The committee should be comprised of senior officers.

4. Consider assigning/developing an ethics officer. This role is becoming more common, particularly in larger and more progressive organizations. The ethics officer is usually trained about matters of online ethics in the workplace, particularly about resolving ethical dilemmas. 5. Consider establishing an ombudsperson. The ombudsperson is responsible to help coordinate development of the paper introduction policies and degrees writing procedures to institutionalize moral values in the workplace. Ielts Introduction. This position usually is directly responsible for resolving ethical dilemmas by interpreting policies and procedures. 6. Note that one person must ultimately be responsible for managing the ethics management program. According to in creative writing online Wallace, A credo generally describes the highest values to which the company aspires to operate. It contains the `thou shalts.' A code of ethics specifies the ethical rules of operation. It's the `thou shalt nots. In the latter 1980s, The Conference Board, a leading business membership organization, found that 76% of corporations surveyed had codes of ethics.

Some business ethicists disagree that codes have any value. Usually they explain that too much focus is put on the codes themselves, and that codes themselves are not influential in managing ethics in the workplace. Many ethicists note that it's the developing and continuing dialogue around the code's values that is most important. Occasionally, employees react to proposal hukum codes with suspicion, believing the in creative online values are motherhood and apple pie and codes are for ielts introduction and conclusion, window dressing. But, when managing a complex issue, especially in a crisis, having a code is critical. More important, it's having developed a code. In the mid-70s, Johnson and Johnson updated their credo in a series of challenge meetings. Bob Kniffin, Vice President of External Affairs, explains, We pored over each phrase and in creative writing online word. We asked ourselves, `Do we still believe this?' Our meetings resulted in some fine tuning, but basically we didn't change the values. The meetings infused the values in the minds of thesis hukum all of us managers. Many believe this process guided them in in creative their well-known decision to business pull Tylenol bottles off the shelves and repackage them at a $100 million expense.

Kniffin offers some sound, practical advice. In a crisis, there's no time for moral conclusions. Get those done beforehand. But also realize there's no substitute for writing online, sound crisis management. For example, have a list of people with fundamental knowledge, such as who transports your products where and when.

Note that if your organization is quite large, e.g., includes several large programs or departments, you may want to develop an overall corporate code of ethics and then a separate code to guide each of your programs or departments. Optional: Also see in plan the Free Management Library at 1. Organizational Culture - review to degrees in creative online get a basic understanding of personalities of organizations. 2. Strategic Planning - specific to ielts essay developing a Values Statement. 3. Valuing Diversity- to consider that there are other values and perspectives. Consider the writing online following guidelines when developing codes of ethics: 1. Review any values need to adhere to relevant laws and regulations; this ensures your organization is not (or is not near) breaking any of confidential statement thesis them. (If you are breaking any of degrees in creative writing online them, you may be far better off to report this violation than to try hide the problem. Often, a reported violation generates more leniency than outside detection of an unreported violation, particularly per uzbekistan the new Federal Sentencing Guidelines.) Increase priority on values that will help your organization operate to degrees in creative writing avoid breaking these laws and to follow necessary regulations. 2. Review which values produce the ielts top three or four traits of a highly ethical and degrees online successful product or service in your area, e.g., for accountants: objectivity, confidentiality, accuracy, etc.

Identify which values produce behaviors that exhibit these traits. 3. Identify values needed to address current issues in your workplace. Appoint one or two key people to interview key staff to collect descriptions of about major issues in in creative the workplace. About Uzbekistan. Collect descriptions of behaviors that produce the issues. Consider which of these issues is ethical in degrees writing online nature, e.g. issues in regard to respect, fairness and honesty. Identify the thesis behaviors needed to resolve these issues. Identify which values would generate those preferred behaviors. There may be values included here that some people would not deem as moral or ethical values, e.g., team-building and promptness, but for managers, these practical values may add more relevance and utility to a code of ethics.

4. Identify any values needed, based on findings during strategic planning. Review information from your SWOT analysis (identifying the organization's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats). What behaviors are needed to build on strengths, shore up weaknesses, take advantage of opportunities and guard against threats? 5. Consider any top ethical values that might be prized by stakeholders. For example, consider expectations of employees, clients/customers, suppliers, funders, members of the local community, etc. 6. Collect from the above steps, the top five to ten ethical values which are high priorities in your organization (see item #7 below for examples). 7. Examples of ethical values might include. (the following list is the writing Six Pillars of uzbekistan Character developed by The Josephson Institute of Ethics, 310-306-1868): a) Trustworthiness: honesty, integrity, promise-keeping, loyalty. b) Respect: autonomy, privacy, dignity, courtesy, tolerance, acceptance. c) Responsibility: accountability, pursuit of degrees in creative excellence.

d) Caring: compassion, consideration, giving, sharing, kindness, loving. e) Justice and essay introduction fairness: procedural fairness, impartiality, consistency, equity, equality, due process. f) Civic virtue and citizenship: law abiding, community service, protection of environment. 8. Degrees Writing. Compose your code of ethics; attempt to associate with each value, two example behaviors which reflect each value. Critics of codes of ethics assert that they seem vacuous because many only list ethical values and don't clarify these values by proposal hukum, associating examples of behaviors. 9. Include wording that indicates all employees are expected to conform to the values stated in the code of ethics.

Add wording that indicates where employees can go if they have any questions. 10. Obtain review from key members of the in creative online organization. Get input from as many members as possible. 11. Thesis. Announce and distribute the new code of degrees ethics (unless you are waiting to announce it along with any new codes of conduct and associated policies and procedures). Ensure each employee has a copy and post codes throughout the proposal facility. 12.

Update the code at least once a year. As stated several times in this document, the in creative online most important aspect of codes is developing them, not the code itself. Continued dialogue and reflection around ethical values produces ethical sensitivity and statement thesis consensus. Therefore, revisit your codes at degrees writing online least once a year -- preferably two or three times a year. 13. (Note that you cannot include values and hukum preferred behaviors for every possible ethical dilemma that might arise. Your goal is to focus on the top ethical values needed in your organization and to avoid potential ethical dilemmas that seem mostly likely to occur.) Codes of conduct specify actions in the workplace and codes of ethics are general guides to decisions about those actions, explains Craig Nordlund, Associate General Counsel and Secretary at Hewlett Packard. He suggests that codes of conduct contain examples of in creative writing online appropriate behavior to be meaningful. The Conference Board found that codes of conduct are increasingly sophisticated and focused at lower levels in confidential statement thesis companies. Departments frequently have their own codes.

Be careful, though. An organization could be sued for breach of contract if its practices are not in accord with its policies. In Creative Writing Online. That#146;s why legal departments should review codes of conduct and essay other ethics policies. Also, that#146;s why it#146;s critical for organizations to review their policies at in creative online least once a year to ensure they are in accordance with laws and regulations. Optional: also see in the Free Management Library at ielts essay and conclusion 1. Employee Law - review major issues and topics to discern what behaviors to avoid in the workplace. 2. Policies (Personnel) - review more specifics about what behaviors to avoid. Note that if your organization is quite large, e.g., includes several large programs or departments, you may want to in creative writing online develop an overall corporate code of conduct, and then a separate code to guide each of your programs or departments. Consider the confidential thesis following guidelines when developing codes of conduct:

1. Degrees In Creative. Identify key behaviors needed to adhere to the ethical values proclaimed in your code of ethics. , including ethical values derived from review of hukum key laws and regulations, ethical behaviors needed in degrees your product or service area, behaviors to address current issues in your workplace, and persuasive behaviors needed to reach strategic goals. 2. Include wording that indicates all employees are expected to conform to the behaviors specified in the code of conduct. Add wording that indicates where employees can go if they have any questions. 3. Obtain review from key members of the organization. Be sure your legal department reviews the drafted code of conduct. 4. Announce and distribute the new code of conduct. (unless you are waiting to announce it along with any associated policies and procedures). Ensure each employee has a copy and degrees writing post codes in each employee's bay or office. 5. (Note that you cannot include preferred behaviors for every possible ethical dilemma that might arise.)

6. Examples of topics typically addressed by codes of conduct include : preferred style of dress, avoiding illegal drugs, following instructions of superiors, being reliable and prompt, maintaining confidentiality, not accepting personal gifts from stakeholders as a result of ielts essay introduction company role, avoiding racial or sexual discrimination, avoiding conflict of degrees in creative interest, complying with laws and plan regulations, not using organization's property for personal use, not discriminating against race or age or sexual orientation, and reporting illegal or questionable activity. Go beyond these traditional legalistic expectations in your codes -- adhere to in creative online what's ethically sensitive in air pollution paper your organization, as well. (Note that, as with codes of degrees writing online ethics, you may be better off to generate your own code of persuasive conduct from scratch rather than reviewing examples from other organizations.) Ethics Tools: Policies and online Procedures. Optional: also see in the Free Management Library at Policies (Personnel) - review to understand how to essay about motherland uzbekistan develop and apply personnel policies. including, e.g., personnel, job descriptions, performance appraisal forms, management-by-objectives expectations, standard forms, checklists, budget report formats, and other relevant control instruments to ensure conformance to the code of conduct. In Creative Writing. In doing so, try to ielts introduction avoid creating ethical dilemmas such as conflicts-of-interest or infringing on employee's individual rights. 2. There are numerous examples of degrees in creative online how organizations manage values through use of policies and procedures. For example, we're most familiar with the value of social responsibility. To produce behavior aligned with this value, organizations often institute policies such as recycling waste, donating to local charities, or paying employees to participate in community events. In another example, a high value on responsiveness to customers might be implemented by instituting policies to return phone calls or to repair defective equipment within a certain period of time.

Consider the role of job descriptions and performance appraisals. For example, an advanced technology business will highly value technical knowledge, creativity and systems thinking. They use job descriptions and performance appraisals to encourage behaviors aligned with these values, such as rewarding advanced degrees, patents, and analysis and design skills. 3. Include policies and procedures to address ethical dilemmas. See the next section, Ethics Tools: Resolving Ethical Dilemmas, to select a method which is most appropriate to your organization's culture and operations. 4. Include policies and well written persuasive essay procedures to ensure training of employees about the ethics management program. See a following section, Ethics Tools: Training.

5. Online. Include policies and essay about motherland uzbekistan procedures to reward ethical behavior and impose consequences for unethical behavior. 6. Include a grievance policy for employees to use to resolve disagreements with supervisors and staff. 7. Consider establishing an ethics hotline. This function might best be provided by in creative writing online, an outside consultant, e.g., lawyer, clergyperson, etc. Or, provide an anonymous tip box in proposal which personnel can report suspected unethical activities, and do so safely on degrees writing an anonymous basis. 8. Once a year, review all personnel policies and about motherland procedures. If yours is a small organization, consider including all staff during this review. Degrees Writing Online. Take a full day for all staff to review policies and procedures, and suggest changes. 9. For guidance in establishing personnel policies, see the. Ethics Tools: Resolving Ethical Dilemmas (with Real-to-Life Examples)

Perhaps too often, business ethics is portrayed as a matter of resolving conflicts in which one option appears to be the clear choice. For example, case studies are often presented in which an ielts introduction, employee is faced with whether or not to lie, steal, cheat, abuse another, break terms of a contract, etc. However, ethical dilemmas faced by managers are often more real-to-life and highly complex with no clear guidelines, whether in law or often in religion. An ethical dilemma exists when one is faced with having to make a choice among these alternatives. Real-to-Life Examples of Complex Ethical Dilemmas. · A customer (or client) asked for in creative writing online, a product (or service) from us today. After telling him our price, he said he couldn't afford it.

I know he could get it cheaper from a competitor. Proposal Thesis. Should I tell him about the in creative writing competitor -- or let him go without getting what he needs? What should I do? · Our company prides itself on its merit-based pay system. One of thesis my employees has done a tremendous job all year, so he deserves strong recognition. However, he's already paid at the top of the salary range for his job grade and our company has too many people in the grade above him, so we can't promote him. What should I do? · Our company prides itself on hiring minorities. One Asian candidate fully fits the degrees job requirements for our open position.

However, we're concerned that our customers won't understand his limited command of the well English language. What should I do? · My top software designer suddenly refused to use our e-mail system. Degrees Writing. He explained to me that, as a Christian, he could not use a product built by a company that provided benefits to the partners of essay introduction and conclusion homosexual employees. He'd basically cut himself off from our team, creating a major obstacle to our product development.

What should I do? · My boss told me that one of my employees is among several others to be laid off soon, and that I'm not to tell my employee yet or he might tell the whole organization which would soon be in an uproar. Meanwhile, I heard from my employee that he plans to buy braces for his daughter and degrees online a new carpet for his house. What should I do? · My computer operator told me he'd noticed several personal letters printed from a computer that I was responsible to manage. While we had no specific policies then against personal use of company facilities, I was concerned. I approached the letter writer to discuss the situation.

She told me she'd written the letters on her own time to practice using our word processor. What should I do? · A fellow employee told me that he plans to quit the chips business plan company in two months and start a new job which has been guaranteed to online him. Meanwhile, my boss told me that he wasn't going to air pollution introduction give me a new opportunity in our company because he was going to give it to my fellow employee now. What should I do? Optional: also see in in creative writing online the Free Management Library at 3 Methods to Resolve Ethical Dilemmas. Organizations should develop and document a procedure for dealing with ethical dilemmas as they arise. Ideally, ethical dilemmas should be resolved by a group within the organization, e.g., an ethics committee comprised of top leaders/managers and/or members of the board. Consider having staff members on chips business plan the committee, as well. The following three methods can be used to address ethical dilemmas.

Methods include an ethical checklist, a ten-step method and a list of key questions. (Note that The Golden Rule is probably the most common method to resolve ethical dilemmas. Degrees In Creative. The rule exists in various forms in many of the essay introduction and conclusion world religions.) Twin Cities-based consultants, Doug Wallace and Jon Pekel, suggest the following ethical checklist to address ethical dilemmas. If necessary, revise your decision and action plan based on results of the this test. Method Two - Ten-Step Method of Decision Making.

Wallace and Pekel also provide the following ten-step method. Method Three - Twelve Questions to degrees writing online Address Ethical Dilemmas. Laura L. Nash poses 12 questions to air pollution introduction help managers address ethical dilemmas. 1. Have you defined the problem accurately? 2. How would you define the problem if you stood on the other side of the fence? 3. How did this situation occur in the first place? 4. To whom and to what do you give your loyalty as a person and as a member of the corporation? 5. What is your intention in making this decision? 6. Degrees In Creative Writing Online. How does this intention compare with the probable results? 7. Whom could your decision or action injure? 8. Can you discuss the problem with the affected parties before you make your decision?

9. Are you confident that your position will be as valid over a long period of time as it seem now? 10. Could you disclose without qualm your decision or action to your boss, your CEO, the board of directors, your family, society as a whole? 11. Introduction And Conclusion. What is the symbolic potential of in creative writing online your action if understood? misunderstood? 12. Under what conditions would you allow exceptions to your stand?

(adapted from: Nash, L. Thesis Hukum. (1981). Ethics Without the Sermon. Harvard Business Review, (59)) The ethics program is essentially useless unless all staff members are trained about what it is, how it works and their roles in it. The nature of the system may invite suspicion if not handled openly and in creative honestly. In addition, no matter how fair and well persuasive up-to-date is a set of policies, the legal system will often interpret employee behavior (rather than written policies) as de facto policy. Therefore, all staff must be aware of and act in full accordance with policies and procedures (this is true, whether policies and procedures are for ethics programs or personnel management). Writing Online. This full accordance requires training about policies and ielts essay introduction and conclusion procedures. Optional: Also see in the Free Management Library at

1. Orient new employees to the organization's ethics program during new-employee orientation. 2. Review the ethics management program in management training experiences. 3. Involving staff in review of codes is strong ethics training. 4. Involving staff in review of degrees in creative online policies (ethics and personnel policies) is strong ethics training. 5. One of the strongest forms of paper ethics training is practice in resolving complex ethical dilemmas. Have staff use any of the in creative writing three ethical-dilemma-resolution methods in this guidebook and apply them to any of the real-to-life ethical dilemmas also listed in this guidebook. 6. Include ethical performance as a dimension in performance appraisals.

7. The best ethics trainer: Bill Goodman, Chief Human Resource Officer at Aveda, describes, We start our training even in written essay our job ads, then adds, but the best trainer is the behavior of our leaders. 8. Give all staff a copy of this free Complete Guide to Ethics Management. Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD, is a Twin Cities-based consultant in the areas of leadership development, board development and strategic planning. He has managed in a wide variety of organizations including startup, public-private, small and in creative large nonprofit, and large corporation. He received comprehensive ethics training as an employee in a large defense contractor, various ethics classes and continuing research in business ethics. Statement Thesis. In addition, as a manager, he has struggled through several major ethical dilemmas (one was quite public) so he knows and understands the experience. He has led development of several codes of ethics and conduct, as well. Carter holds a BA in Social and online Behavioral Sciences, BS in essay about motherland Computer Science, an degrees online, MBA, and a PhD in Human and Organization Development. Bibliography of Practical Resources. The following references are to hardcopy documents that provide information about managing ethics in the workplace: Berenbeim, R. E. (1992, Spring).

The Corporate Ethics Test. Paper. Business and degrees writing Society Review, 31(1), 77-80. Brenner, S. N. (1992). Ethics Programs and Their Dimensions. Journal of Business Ethics, 11,391-399. Buchholz, R. A. (1989). Fundamental Concepts and Problems in Business Ethics. In Madsen, P., Shafritz, J. M. (Eds.) (1990). Uzbekistan. Essentials of Business Ethics. New York: Penguin Books.

Carroll, A. B. (1990). Principles of Business Ethics: Their Role in in creative writing Decision Making and in well essay Initial Consensus. Management Decision, 28(8), 21-23. Dean, P. J. (1992). Making Codes of Ethics 'Real'. Journal of Business Ethics, 11, 285-290. Deborah, B. Degrees In Creative Online. (1991, January/February). Asking for Help: A Guide to Using Socially Responsible Consultants. Business Ethics Magazine, pp.

24-29. Francis, David R. (1991, June). Prevent Trouble by Improving Ethics. Christian Science Monitor, p. 9. Fulcrum Consulting Group, 1093 Snelling Ave. South, Saint Paul, MN 55116. Chips Plan. Phone 1-800-55-ETHIC. Gandz, J. Bird, F. Degrees In Creative Writing. G. (1989, Autumn). Designing Ethical Organizations.

Business Quarterly, 54(2), 108-112. Genfan, H. Air Pollution Research. (1987, November). Formalizing Business Ethics. Training and Development Journal, pp. 35-37. Josephson Institute of Ethics, 310 Washington Boulevard, Suite 104, Marina del Rey, California. Phone 310-306-1868. Kirrane, D.E. (1990, November).

Managing Values: A Systematic Approach to Business Ethics. Training and degrees in creative online Development Journal, pp. Proposal. 53-60. Madsen, P., Ph. D., Shafritz, J. M., Ph. D. (Eds.). (1990). Essentials of Business Ethics.

New York: Penguin Books. McDonald, G., Zepp, R. (1990). What Should Be Done? A Practical Approach to degrees in creative online Business Ethics. Confidential. Management Decision, 28(1), 9-13. Nash, L. Degrees Writing. (1981). Ethics Without the Sermon. Harvard Business Review, (59). Navran Associates Management Consultants, 3037 Wembley Ridge, Atlanta, GA. Phone 404-493-8886. Reynolds, L. (1992, July/August).

The Ethics Audit. Business Ethics Magazine, pp. 20-22. Sims, R. R. (1991). Institutionalization of Organizational Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 10, 493-506. Strong, K. C., Meyer, G. (1992). An Integrative Descriptive Model of Ethics Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics, 11, 89-94.

Thompson, T. (1991, Spring). Managing Business Ethics. Canadian Public Administration, 34(1), 153-157. Toffler, B. (1991, Winter). Essay And Conclusion. Doing Ethics: An Approach to Business Ethics Consulting. Moral Education Forum, 16(4), 14-20. The following are links to Websites about business ethics. To round out your knowledge of degrees in creative writing this Library topic, you may want to motherland review some related topics, available from the degrees writing link below. Each of the related topics includes free, online resources. Also, scan the Recommended Books listed below.

They have been selected for their relevance and highly practical nature. The following books are recommended because of their highly practical nature and essay motherland often because they include a wide range of information about this Library topic. Degrees In Creative Writing Online. To get more information about each book, just click on the image of the about book. Also, a bubble of information might be displayed. You can click on in creative online the title of the book in business plan that bubble to get more information, too. The following books are recommended because of their highly practical nature and often because they include a wide range of information about this Library topic. To get more information about each book, just click on the image of the book. Also, a bubble of information might be displayed.

You can click on the title of the book in that bubble to get more information, too. Social Enterprise -- Recommended Books. Free Management Library, Copyright Authenticity Consulting, LLC ® ; All rights reserved.

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