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Bruce Lee: Authorship, Ideology, and Film Studies Part 2. As discussed at resume length in Part I of this essay, over the last several decades, there has been virtually no diversity within the field of Bruce Lee Studies. The fact that the academic discourse on Lee consists entirely of full text, supratextual deconstruction of his cinematic indexicality has created a sphere wherein there is an acap egregious imbalance in analytic focus. Even in the best textual analyses of Lee#8217;s film work , there is still looming over the exegeses the essay writing education system presence of the acap dominant critical orthodoxy as produced by the cultural studies colonization. Moreover, the vicious paradox of Bruce Lee Studies in assessing its place within film studies is that one of its most serious impediments is Lee#8217;s considerable popularity/familiarity. As Hegel warned, the familiar, because of its very familiarity, can at times be taken for theodore granted as sufficiently understood.  Because of the popularity of acap, Lee and essay writing on present, his films, Hong Kong film festivals, action/martial arts festivals, university screenings, and the like often times do not even bother showing his films, an affronting practice enabled by acap a lack of objections which signifies an acquiescence to essay the tacit implication that everybody has already seen his films and everyone already knows everything there is to know about them, ostentatious and unsophisticated as they are.  It is much more acceptable for resume academic activity involving martial arts cinema to focus on the work of King Hu, the thesis only martial arts filmmaker of the era to be accepted by the film studies community as a #8220;legitimate#8221; auteur.  Only Bey Logan and acap resume, John Little have gone out of their way to praise Lee as a skilled filmmaker, with the former noting the delicacy with which Lee visually structured his fight with Chuck Norris in The Way of the Dragon (Logan, 2006) and the latter evaluating the philosophical density of paper editors, The Game of acap, Death (Little, 2001).
In an effort to build on these isolated appraisals of Lee#8217;s stylistic and essays war one, thematic acumen, this analysis of The Way of the Dragon will be concerned primarily with Lee#8217;s careful construction of a thematically consistent and acap, fecund visual scheme, and not just for essays world started his fight sequences. While the colonization of Lee by the cultural studies institution has led to the routinization of resume, analysis in the form of supratextual deconstruction, so, too, has the film studies community established an writing on present education analytic routine for appraisals of martial arts films: It is standard practice in analyses of martial arts films to focus entirely on fight scenes, with the acap resume rest of the narrative being ignored or, at if you are writing an essay about roosevelt best, marginalized.  In Lee#8217;s case, such neglect/marginalization of the non-combat scenes in The Way of the Dragon can result (indeed, has resulted) in the totality of his filmic artistry being insufficiently recognized/appreciated. As it will be argued here, Lee represents the continuation from King Hu to Chang Cheh of martial arts filmmakers treating the acap camera not merely as a utilitarian necessity in the documenting of extravagant martial arts, but as an artistic tool used equally for dramatic and essays on how war one started, combat purposes. As covered in Part I, as a result of the incredible box-office success of acap, his prior two starring vehicles, Lee was able, in 1972, to editors british form his own production company with Raymond Chow and begin to make his own films. His first film was The Way of the Dragon , a contemporary gangster film that afforded him the acap ability to both practice the craft of filmmaking and, in true starteur fashion, #8220;reshape and break the mold#8221; (Knapp, 1996: 2) that he had established in his previous films. The plot concerns Tang Lung (Bruce Lee), who has traveled to Rome from his home in Hong Kong in order to help a family friend, Chen Ching Hua (Nora Miao), who is being pressured by local crooks to sell her restaurant.
At first, Tang#8217;s country bumpkin ways make Chen and the other employees at the restaurant wonder what help he could possibly offer; through the supreme cultivation of his martial arts prowess, however, Tang proves his efficiency in short order, almost singlehandedly toppling the small criminal enterprise that had been threatening his friend, embracing and essay on ethiopia, mastering his newfound role as the #8220;superiorly built stranger-hero abroad#8221; (Saunders, 2009: 126). Lee#8217;s muscular body as the resume site of masculine potency and nationalistic strength/pride. Essay Writing Education System. Of course, the fact that Lee is Chinese and muscular has led innumerable scholars to devote a disproportionate amount of time to discussing his nationality and acap resume, masculinity, while others have been turned off by what they take to be (ostensibly antinomic currents of) either overt racism on Lee#8217;s part towards non-Chinese in the hyperbolic pedestaling of if you are writing about theodore roosevelt, his own country or a promulgation of stereotypical representations of Chinese meekness/buffoonery.  Not surprisingly missing from these interpretations, considering the lasting disfavor with auteurism, are Lee#8217;s own intentions as the resume presiding author. #8220;Reading into#8221; the films#8217; race/gender politics in search of full thesis article, novel interpretations may make for fun exercise in cultural studies circles, but in striving for a historical poetics of Lee#8217;s martial arts cinema, the starting point for the film scholar needs to be Lee and resume, his filmmaking technique. Thus, the following analysis will offer a #8220;close reading#8221; of the film that seeks to elucidate the themes explored by Lee and essay, the cinematic techniques he employed to reinforce his various thematic concerns. Beginning literally with the very first shot (a close-up of a visibly uncomfortable Tang), which starts off a scene played for comedy with Tang being the object of a perplexed white woman#8217;s curious stare, Lee intentionally positions himself as the acap #8220;to-be-looked-at#8221; object, to employ the famous phrase from Laura Mulvey. Recalling Knapp#8217;s conceptualization of the world war one starteur, Lee, armed with a keen sense of his position as a film star, is here able, as a filmmaker, to acap resume offer a conscious, comedic commentary on his position as a sexualized and fetishized other . While some of the interpretive work with Lee#8217;s films has tried to #8220;place#8221; the ostensibly powerless Lee in the position of the other who is apprehensively scrutinized by the #8220;higher#8221; races, here it is plainly evident that Lee recognized this #8220;subject position#8221; and was using this Western perception as a key ingredient for this particular narrative/characterization. More than once in the hour and a half that follows this brief introduction scene, Lee will have Tang stared at are writing theodore roosevelt by bewitched characters, both #8220;foreigners#8221; (the woman in the airport in the beginning of the film, the prostitute he meets shortly after his arrival, the gangsters) and even other Chinese characters (Chen, the other restaurant employees, and the homosexual character played by Wei Ping-Ao).
A direct result of Lee#8217;s transnational #8220;outsider#8221; experiences, Tang#8217;s characterization #8220;highlights the resume problem of cultural dislocation#8221; and invites the spectator to sympathize with a character forced to live #8220;in a space of anxiety, ambiguity, and contradiction#8221; (Shu, 2003: 52-53) where they are judged even by members of their own race/culture. And speaking even more to essay on present system Lee#8217;s directorial sensibility, his superb skill at acap resume inculcating an abundance of thematic information in essay system his mise-en-scene allows the spectator to share the sense of discomfort and anxiety felt by Tang. Of more interest here than the fact that Lee is positioned as the looked-at other is how this positioning occurs, the technique Lee uses to solicit spectatorial identification. In the opening scene, it is significant that the shots of Tang are never from a subjective point-of-view, i.e., from the point-of-view of the woman staring at him. As opposed to aligning the camera/spectator with the woman looking, Lee positions the spectator outside of the looking/looked at dyad so as to highlight Tang#8217;s experience of being looked at . By starting with a close-up of Tang, Lee cues the spectator, in acap later two-shots or long shots where Tang is not the only one in the frame, to focus on Tang and his reactions (something for which Lee would also use his character#8217;s anomalous costuming), and with this precedent set, Lee can subsequently experiment with more complex blocking and depth-of-field, confident that the spectator will understand the nature of the mise-en-scene as expressive of Tang#8217;s perspective. Following this opening scene, Lee shoots a very similar scene wherein Tang is again made uncomfortable by are writing about theodore his foreign surroundings, only in this second sequence, Lee uses greater depth-of-field and more complex framing. After he is picked up at the airport by Chen and given the rundown on the present problem with the gangsters, Chen takes Tang back to her apartment so he can drop off his things and get situated. Used to living in resume the #8220;New Territories#8221; in text thesis article the Hong Kong countryside, Tang is discernibly uneasy upon entering Chen#8217;s swanky apartment.
The anachronistic Tang uncomfortably seated in a posh apartment. Lou Gaul rightly observes an interior/exterior dialectic as one of resume, Lee#8217;s primary thematic concerns in this film, a concern that proliferates in this scene as Tang, the #8220;fighting animal#8221; whose #8220;primitive fighting prowess#8221; necessitates a #8220;wild, open area where his spirit can soar#8221; (Gaul, 1997: 100-101), is confined to a bizarre and disconcerting interior space. As is evident in the above screenshot, Lee frames himself in great depth so as to make himself seem small and vulnerable, and he positions the two angled chairs in such a way as to make it appear that Tang is literally trapped in this environment. Once Chen reenters the room, she sits down on the couch next to Tang and hands him a glass of water. She then immediately begins to talk, but due to the framing of the scene, with Tang in the foreground, the fact that he is not in critical focus and is receiving less light is of no consequence, for, as mentioned vis-a-vis the precedent set in the opening scene, any shot that includes Tang will be structured so as to make the spectator focus on him. The awkward and intestinally-challenged Tang dominates the frame. Essays Started. The purpose of the framing is to again play up Tang#8217;s awkwardness for comedy. After his ill-fated attempt to get something to eat at the airport , Tang has been plagued by an upset stomach, and now, in the middle of a conversation with Chen, he has to try to find a way to extricate himself and use the bathroom. Too modest to acap resume interrupt, though, Tang simply sits in the exact position seen in the above screenshot, never taking a sip from his glass, just waiting for her to either stop talking or say something that will allow him to interject. On How War One. When he finally gets the opportunity (after she tells him not to be shy about asking her if he needs something), he quickly rushes out of the frame, leaving Chen to shake her head in exasperation. Upon returning from the bathroom, Chen forces Tang to acap resume take a trip to the bank to secure his money.
After a vexatious encounter with an overfriendly banker, Chen takes the thesis article hopelessly boorish Tang to the Piazza Navona and lectures him on resume proper etiquette amongst the locals. She tells him that, when someone puts their arm around him, they are being friendly; that, if someone smiles at him, he should smile back; and that, if there is any doubt, he should just do what the other person is doing. In classic screwball fashion, all during Chen#8217;s lecture, an Italian woman (Malisa Longo) sitting nearby is making eyes at Tang, who is afforded the opportunity to commit yet another faux pas. Paper. A prostitute captures Tang#8217;s attention and gets him in resume trouble. Adroitly controlling frame space, editing, and sound, Lee cuts an editors british accidental, nonverbal solicitation from Tang to resume a prostitute concurrent with Chen#8217;s admonition of are writing about theodore, Tang#8217;s boorish behavior. Off-screen dialogue anchors the humor, while Lee, with Keatonesque stoicism and acap resume, obliviousness, is cut alternately smiling and on ethiopia, winking at Malisa in accordance with the instructions being given him by acap Chen in proper interpersonal interaction, a comedic sequence reminiscent of Cary Grant unwittingly providing Raymond Massey with instructions on how to incapacitate him in Arsenic and Old Lace . Tracking Chen down to her restaurant after his solecism with the prostitute, Tang is full text thesis given more opportunities to make obvious his anachronistic presence (while Lee is given more opportunities to show off his cinematographic ingenuity). After meeting the restaurant staff, including the chef, Uncle Wang (Huang Chung-Hsin), Tang is forced once more to rush to the bathroom. Resume. Predisposed, Tang is not present when the gangsters arrive to paper editors british columbia scare off the acap resume lunch crowd and essay on ethiopia, once again threaten the staff. Acap Resume. When he emerges from the bathroom and bumps into Ho (Wei-Ping Ao), the crime boss#8217; second-in-command, he has no idea that Ho is #8220;the enemy#8221; and just thinks he happens to be a nice, regular customer with whom he engages in innocuous pleasantries. Sensing the anger in the restaurant staff and once more being admonished by Chen for improper behavior, Tang pouts angrily.
He has ostensibly acquiesced to his outsider status, which Lee reinforces with the blocking and british columbia, cinematography in the next scene. After cutting to an exterior shot of the acap restaurant to show that it is now night, Lee cuts to a medium close-up of Tang sitting by himself and writing on present education, pouting at acap resume a corner table in the restaurant, from here attached resume which he pans to a long shot of all of the other employees sitting together in the middle of the resume restaurant. Then, when a group of the gangsters returns to text cause more trouble, the framing shows two distinct groupings, with the gangsters forming one group and the restaurant staff forming the other, Tang noticeably outside of both groups, seated by himself in the same isolated corner of the restaurant. Tang having acquiesced to his outsider status. Jimmy (Unicorn Chan), one of the restaurant employees, asks the thugs to #8220;step outside,#8221; which initiates the first fight sequence of the film. At first, Lee#8217;s framing propagates Tang#8217;s outsider position, in acap spite of the realm of combat being a place wherein Tang might finally be able to text show some usefulness. With the restaurant staff facing off against acap resume the gangsters in the restaurant back alley, Tang is still noticeably at the farthest remove from the camera, isolated at the back right edge of the frame, obviously with much to prove if he wants to be accepted in this environment. Tang obscured and nearly pushed out of the mise-en-scene. After Jimmy proves his inferiority, Tang steps in to establish his dominion. Stopping Tony (Tony Liu) from challenging the gangsters after Jimmy, Tang motions for the staffers to move out of his way. Literally forcing himself from the paper editors british outside edge of the frame to center stage, Tang finally ceases to be intimidated by his environment, asserting his self-confidence and resume, proceeding to dispatch the four overmatched thugs with ease.
After his awesome fighting display, he is here attached jubilantly embraced by the previously contemptuous restaurant staff, finally achieving a social victory. Whereas Gaul#8217;s previously noted observation regarding the centrality of an interior/exterior dialectic occupying Lee#8217;s mise-en-scene is indisputable, what he misses is the resolution of this conflict as a result of acap, this fight scene. With the full text article success of the first fight scene, Tang ceases to resume be inhibited by his surroundings. No longer the essay on present education ignorant outsider, Tang has grown to where he is #8220;neither brutish nor civilized,#8221; but a delicate balance between the two, a #8220;conquistador [#8230;] adapted to the fabric and equilibrium#8221; (Saunders, 2009: 55) of acap resume, his new world, confident in his ability to meet and conquer any subsequent physical or social challenge. In the next several scenes, Tang is significantly never relegated to the boundaries of the frame nor is thesis article he pushed back to its deepest region; instead, Tang frequently occupies the center of the frame space, with characters eagerly hovering around him or pushing him into acap resume, the foreground. An illustrative scene with thus far unappreciated significance to paper editors Lee#8217;s particular characterization of Tang finds him at the breakfast table after a morning workout. Eating with no shirt on obviously does not call to acap mind #8220;civilized#8221; behavior, but more importantly, Tang comes dangerously close to offending Chen by saying he prefers the essay food in acap resume Hong Kong to hers, but he is attached resume able to gracefully regain his social footing and preserve Chen#8217;s feelings. So while he is clearly no James Bond, a suave man-of-the-world with an acap abundance of grace and charm, he is at least making progress from being a hopeless dolt. Essay. Tang making social progress. Acap Resume. Having proven in the previous fight scene that he is #8220;bodily suited to are writing theodore roosevelt a guiding, mythological task#8221; (Saunders, 2009: 133), Tang now occupies the position of the hero. Putting himself (literally, as will be seen in a future sequence) in the line of fire, Tang is also now the acap syndicate#8217;s primary target.
After once more thwarting their strong-arm tactics (in the here attached famed double nunchaku fight scene where Tang decimates nearly the entire gang in the restaurant back alley armed only with his iconic primitive weaponry), the crime boss, tired of Tang#8217;s ubiquity, issues an acap resume ultimatum to the restaurant staff that orders Tang delivered to him by attached resume midnight. In the acap resume case of noncompliance, Tang will be killed. Undoubtedly the sequence offering the most skillful display of cinematography, editing, and sound, it begins with the staff discussing among themselves the pros and cons of complying with the ultimatum and turning over Tang. Motivating the low-key lighting with the lone wall light visible in the master shot, the full text tighter shots take on a high degree of ominousness, particularly those of Uncle Wang, whose relentless pragmatism and constant warnings of danger are beginning to take on a sinister quality. Evincing the mythological archetype of the shapeshifter, the acap #8220;wily#8221; character who #8220;never discloses [#8230;] the whole content of his wisdom#8221; (Campbell,  1968: 381), Uncle Wang is appropriately lit in a fashion that signifies the dual nature of his ultimately back-stabbing character.
It will be discovered at the end of the film that Wang was playing both sides after being corrupted by if you are writing theodore roosevelt greed; in a foreshadowing effect, Wang is acap thus split here between having one side of his face lit normally while the other side catches the malevolently green flickering light emanating from the glass candle holder on the table. Convincing Chen that sending Tang back to essay on ethiopia Hong Kong is the safest move, Lee then cuts from this menacing restaurant scene to an equally foreboding scene set in Chen#8217;s apartment. Acap Resume. Sticking with the world started same noirish lighting scheme, Lee opens the scene with a shot of the resume clock that will propel the suspense reminiscent of High Noon . After the initial close-up of the essays on how war one clock, Lee zooms out to encompass Chen#8217;s entrance into the frame. Her first action is to cast a desperate look at the clock, which reads 11:55 PM, meaning she has five minutes to get Tang to safety. Tang, meanwhile, is acap sitting on the couch, his feet resting on the coffee table, completely aloof and at peace as he talks of the coming Chinese New Year, the contrast in their respective demeanors heightening the tension. Lee then cuts to a shot of world started, a hit man taking a rifle from out of its case and looking through the scope, adjusting the focus to resume better survey the open window into Chen#8217;s apartment. With the classic Hitchcockian #8220;bomb under the table#8221; sufficiently registered, Lee cuts back inside the apartment with a low-angle long shot of essay, Tang on the couch, Chen#8217;s legs entering the camera#8217;s field of vision as she nervously paces through the shot. The startling noise of firecrackers causes Chen to jump, but Tang laughs it off as friendly Chinese residents celebrating the New Year. The sound of the clock#8217;s relentless ticking invades Chen#8217;s consciousness; she casts another nervous glance at the clock and sees it is now 11:57. She sits down and tells Tang that he has to leave, at which point Joseph Koo#8217;s score initiates a persistent ringing sound, which will increase in acap audibility over the course of Chen#8217;s dialogue. On How World War One Started. The ticking overlays the acap ringing, creating a layered soundtrack that contributes to the visuals to heighten the essay on ethiopia suspense until Lee cuts back to the sniper, at which point Koo#8217;s percussion punctuates the danger of his presence as he zeroes in his scope on Tang.
Back inside the apartment, Lee shoots a close-up of the clock#8217;s pendulum before rapidly raising the camera to the clock#8217;s face, which indicates it is now midnight. Acap. The clock starts ringing and are writing roosevelt, Chen starts pulling at Tang#8217;s arm, failing to impress upon him the seriousness of the situation and now simply trying to forcibly remove him from the acap apartment. More firecrackers are heard, prompting Tang to suggest closing the window to block out the world started noise for acap the sake of the visibly agitated Chen. On Ethiopia. Just as he reaches his hand up to resume grab the an essay theodore shudder, however, a shot rings out and a bullet shatters the bottom of the window frame. Tang pulls Chen down out of acap, visibility from the window and tells her to wait in attached resume the apartment as he runs out to confront the sniper. Due to the obvious fact that there is no ideological salience whatsoever in this extended suspense sequence, it is not surprising that it has never once been discussed in extant analyses of the film. But as the acap work done in the prolific field of Hitchcock Studies has amply demonstrated, a lack of ideological salience does not imply a lack of artistic salience, and war one started, scholars operating under such a misguided notion can be/have been blinded to acap the high level of technical craftsmanship that comes from here attached a harmonious linkage between cinematography, editing, and sound, a level of craftsmanship remarkably possessed by first-time director Lee, granting him the ability to imbue his film with a wealth of acap resume, thematic interest and affective power. As more and paper editors columbia, more supratextual film analysis enters the academic discourse, it becomes clearer and clearer the #8220;lack of an analysis of film as aesthetically charged, or functioning affectively on the spectator#8221; (Isaacs, 2008: 3). Resume. There has been, especially in Bruce Lee Studies, a #8220;rush into interpretation before the aesthetic has been [#8230;] clearly apprehended,#8221; which has resulted in #8220;an all too easy dismissal#8221; of much of what constitutes the filmic object #8220;on grounds that it is facile#8221; (Darley, 2000: 6), again recalling the Hegelian trap of familiarity and the Bordwellian warning against #8220;ransacking#8221; film style. One can also see in thesis article the non-combat scenes analyzed thus far the extent to which Lee went, in the move from auteur to starteur, to create a real and relatable character to play. In the tradition of Eisenstein and the nouvelle vague , Lee was as much a theorist as he was an artist, and acap, the time and term paper editors columbia, intensity he devoted to cultivating his skill in the martial arts was matched only by the time and intensity he devoted to his film art.
Believing that #8220;the aim of art is to acap project an inner vision into the world, to state in aesthetic creation the deepest psychic and full text, personal experiences of a human being#8221; (Lee, 1975: 9), and that acting is the #8220;psychic unfolding of the acap resume personality#8221; (Lee, 1975: 10), the impetus to his careful mise-en-scene and authentic performance becomes clear. Lee sought to create, in the construction of the film#8217;s visual space, a window into the mind and text thesis, soul of his character, and acap resume, through his acting, sought to bring to life what he called the #8220;autonomous individual,#8221; a character who is #8220;on his own, striving to realize himself and prove his worth#8221; (Lee, 1975: 206), an undeniably autobiographical but at here attached the same time universal character type. The autonomous individual, in Lee#8217;s conceptualization, is #8220;stable only so long as he is possessed of self-esteem,#8221; the acquirement and maintenance of which #8220;is a continuous task which taxes all of the individual#8217;s power and inner resources#8221; (Lee, 1975: 206). Acap Resume. Tang Lung#8217;s mythological task is thus, in line with the archetypal #8220;hero#8217;s journey,#8221; the mastery of oneself; he must walk #8220;the path of self-realization,#8221; fittingly the most difficult road to travel, in the esoteric #8220;cultivation of the spirit#8221; (Lee, 1975: 206). Essay On Ethiopia. While the non-combat scenes in acap The Way of the Dragon are integral to an understanding of Lee#8217;s characterization of writing on present education, Tang Lung and the visual representation of his thematic preoccupations, the fight scenes are undeniably important, as well. It is through physical action that Tang is able to acap resume prove his worth, both to paper editors himself and to those around him, and finally save Chen and take down the gangsters. In the spirit of the Western, The Way of the Dragon serves as a parable of acap, physical action becoming law (Thomson, 2004: 235). Thus, the deservedly famous showdown between Tang and Colt (Chuck Norris), the American martial artist hired by the syndicate to essay education finally get rid of Tang, can be viewed as constitutionally sacrosanct combat wherein the resume victorious martial artist#8217;s supremacy constitutes legal dominion in the matter at hand. The interested parties#8212;the restaurant staff, on the one hand, and the crime syndicate, on the other#8212;each have their legal counsel, only instead of arguing legalities in a court of if you about roosevelt, law, Tang and Colt will engage in mortal combat on the hallowed ground of the Roman Colosseum, and to the victor belong the spoils. To understand the meticulousness with which Lee visually structured the Colosseum fight scene, a return is necessary to resume the previous two fight scenes that took place in the restaurant back alley.
While discussing the first fight scene, Gaul off-handedly comments on the peculiarity of a particular shot where Lee is seated and looking up at term two approaching thugs, whose point-of-view Lee#8217;s camera has briefly occupied. After pointing out the existence of this shot, Gaul goes no further in theorizing its significance. Based on the earlier instances of characters looking at Tang and making judgments based on his appearance/behavior, it becomes explicit in this particular shot Lee#8217;s subversive efforts in inverting the position of power from resume one looking down to one looking up. Based on his race, culture, class, etc., Tang/Lee may occupy a particular sociological/ideological position in the minds of others, but that position is less a prison and term paper editors british, more a starting block and to attempt to keep Tang/Lee imprisoned in such a constraining sociological/ideological position is to risk being taken by resume surprise by paper editors british the strength within him. Spending his life being alternately ignored, underestimated, or ridiculed, Lee takes the acap opportunity, as Tang, to poke fun at and ultimately rise above this discursive position. The fact that he #8220;stooped to editors british play the fool#8221; highlights not a propagation of weakness/inferiority, as suggested by Teo#8217;s disfavor with Lee#8217;s characterization; more strikingly, it highlights Lee#8217;s #8220;superiority and acap resume, satirical might as a representative#8221; (Saunders, 2009: 119) of the strong transnational outsider. Within the film, he #8220;unmasks, #8216;sees through#8217;, the essay on ethiopia fiction upon which the resume social link of the existing power structure is founded#8221; (#381;i#382;ek, 2005: 229), and the fact that Lee shoots the point-of-view dolly shot with very slow movement signifies the apprehension with which the thugs are approaching this shockingly competent individual. If You An Essay. Their other two friends paid for their ignorant denunciation of the acap Chinese country bumpkin with their consciousness, and even though Tang is seated in education a position of ostensible weakness and inferiority, they have seen what lies behind the facade and are now approaching with respectful caution. Later, in the second restaurant alley fight scene between Tang and the crime faction, Lee includes two similar scenes with Tang playing on his perceived impotence/inferiority. First, when being led out to the alley at gunpoint, Tang is resume walking with his hands up. Eventually, the on present education system thug with the gun tells him he can put his hands down, but Tang blankly stares at him as if he does not understand.
He keeps up the ignorance charade long enough for the thug to let his guard down, put at ease by Tang#8217;s apparent fatuity, at which point Tang quickly strikes him in the groin and removes the gun from his possession. Lastly, during the same fight scene, Tang, approached by one of the knife-wielding gangsters after having already displayed an abundance of combative efficaciousness, flashes him #8220;an obtuse-looking but deceptively passive smile#8221; (Saunders, 2009: 128) before unleashing a vicious torrent of strikes with his nunchaku, a signification to the gang that he has officially invalidated the currency in their perception of him as an unthreatening idiot. Tang/Lee acknowledging, subverting, and mastering others#8217; ignorant perceptions. Clearly, Lee had an resume astute understanding not only of the power of full article, satire and general good humor in the structuring of his narrative and the remolding of his persona through the character of Tang Lung, but also of the resume power of the camera in essays war one started his strategic deployment of various identification#8212;or, more to the point, identification manipulation #8212;techniques. Conceding this assertion, the spectator viewing the final fight between Tang and acap resume, Colt is enabled to essay on ethiopia recognize the subtle Hitchcockian shift in acap perspective at the crucial turning point of the fight, a move executed by Lee in order to condemn the senseless bloodlust overwhelming martial arts cinema at the time, the most brilliant and poignant achievement of his all-too-short career as a filmmaker.
Much has been made in discussions of The Way of the Dragon of the classic Colosseum encounter; as possibly the most famous scene in martial arts cinema, it is not surprisingly the most frequently discussed scene in critical analyses (aesthetic, textual, and supratextual alike) of the film. Yet, because of the lack of authorial context and the indifference to form and paper british, narratology in the extant analyses, there is still much to acap be gleaned from further analysis. Most popularly, especially over the last decade, scholarship on martial arts cinema promulgates an affinity with dance in essay education system the prioritization of the physical movement inherent in martial arts over any alleged supratextual ideological saliency.  As logically attested to by Melanie Morrissette, #8220;before any social and acap resume, political analysis,#8221; for which martial arts cinema #8220;seems to fulfill some needs,#8221; the aesthetic rendering of the physiological #8220;should be the on ethiopia major subject of acap resume, analysis#8221; (Morrissette, 2002). Are Writing. Arguing on acap the same line, Aaron Anderson posits that #8220;mimetically representational fights#8221; seek above all else to #8220;convey a narrative story;#8221; thus, the #8220;aesthetic aspect of this stylization#8221; of combat inherent in cinematic representation must attain primacy in ascribing meaning to a particular fight scene, or as Anderson terms it, a particular #8220;movement-narrative#8221; (Anderson, 1998). Problematically, action scenes are often reduced in theory to pure spectacle, indulgent scenes that are alleged to text thesis article #8220;#8216;freeze#8217; the narrative in its tracks#8221; (Anderson, 1998). Thus, the film studies institution#8217;s codification of martial arts film analysis as purely the province of aesthetic analyses of fight scenes (the only scenes worth looking at acap resume in this condescendingly trivialized #8220;cinema of attractions#8221; plagued by juvenile storytelling) has inculcated the notion that the fight scenes, as spectacles, cannot possibly contain thematic currency, neither intrinsically as a #8220;movement-narrative#8221; nor as a thematic link in the overall narrative chain (which is itself allegedly devoid of thematic acuity). In direct contrast to these widely held assumptions, analyzing the Colosseum fight scene in The Way of the Dragon enables one to recognize both the scene#8217;s relevance to the rest of the film#8212;as previously discussed, its signification of juridical combat in the settling of the restaurant dispute#8212;as well as Lee#8217;s investment in it as a thematically rich #8220;movement-narrative.#8221; The most commonly asserted meaning of this fight scene is its serving as #8220;one of Lee#8217;s performative #8216;lessons#8217; #8216;about#8217; martial arts (Bowman, 2010: 76), and indeed, this is the most explicit of its meanings as offered by essay on ethiopia Lee, the perennial pedagogue of martial arts cinema. Searching deeper, a meaning ascribed to the sequence by acap Leon Hunt vis-a-vis spectatorial identification, endemic of the ideology-inclined cultural studies colonization, places race/culture as the main determinant of identification and emotional impact: Watching [martial arts] films as a white, Western fan [#8230;] may involve a degree of identification with Bruce Lee [#8230;] but it may also lead, at some point, to finding one#8217;s counterpart in the gwailo [#8230;] I may not want to here resume [#8230;] identify with Chuck Norris in The Way of the resume Dragon [#8230;] yet part of me knows that the Lee/Norris [Colosseum] fight embodies a patriotic structure of feeling that is essay writing on present education supposed to at least partly exclude me (Hunt, 2003: 3). Resultant from the cultural studies dogma that #8220;films cannot possibly be thinking,#8221; that they and their makers are helpless prisoners #8220;in the repressive grip of ideology, a grip only theory [re: theorists ] can break#8221; (Rothman, 1999: 35), Hunt falls into the same reductive trap that removes film from the realm of art and resume, the filmmaker from the realm of artist. More beneficial, especially in essay education turning to martial arts cinema, is to work from an acap aesthetic/textual viewpoint that enables one to register, analyze, and appreciate the films#8217; richness and complexity.
For the Colosseum scene in particular, as already asserted, Lee#8217;s continued utilization of if you an essay, identification manipulation techniques provides the greatest salience in the breakdown of acap, how Lee triggers within the spectator the #8220;multiplicity of affects available for stimulation#8221; (Carroll, 2008: 148) beyond the restrictive domain of ideological deconstruction. For Hunt, the notion of #8220;identification#8221; is unproblematic and straightforward, and essay, indeed, this essay has also made use of the term as a signifier of the resume vague psychological connections often made between spectators and characters. For Noel Carroll, the concept of identification represents one of the most frustratingly malleable terms in term columbia all of resume, film studies, to which he has devoted a considerable amount of are writing theodore roosevelt, time and energy interrogating. More productive than using the term #8220;identification#8221; as a catch-all for the #8220;diversity of phenomena#8221; experienced by filmgoers, Carroll prefers discussing the affective system of the acap resume spectator, affect being defined as a broad compass comprised of #8220;hard-wired reflex reactions, like the startle response, sensations (including pleasure, pain, and if you are writing about theodore, sexual arousal), phobias, desires, various occurrent, feeling-toned mental states#8212;such as fear, anger, and jealous#8212;and moods#8221; (Carroll, 2008: 149). Acap. It is also important to note that the specific affective realm with which Lee is concerned in the Colosseum scene is the emotional realm, in which #8220;differential computational appraisals of stimuli#8221; cause the spectator to are writing an essay theodore experience #8220;visceral feelings#8221; (Carroll, 2008: 151).
Lee seeks to take the spectator beyond a sense of detached voyeurism and truly bring the spectator into the fight, to viscerally experience it alternately from the two opposing combatants#8217; perspectives. Acap. Standard martial arts film practice of the era typically saw the protagonist face his/her enemy (who, by the finale, had been sufficiently demonized in what was often a one-dimensional characterization/caricature) with murderous intent, relishing the attached opportunity to inflict bodily damage and unhesitatingly dealing the fatal blow (e.g. Acap. Come Drink with Me , The One-Armed Swordsman , Five Fingers of Death ). About Roosevelt. The predominance of the acap resume revenge trope in this genre can be seen as the british most convenient way of alleviating any moral/ethical concerns for the spectator, who can comfortably enjoy in watching, if not in some sense participating in, the violent and bloody carnage offered up for acap resume their entertainment. And Lee was the first person to if you are writing theodore roosevelt acknowledge that the films he made for Wei made use of this trope. Even though he had twice played avenging angels who, by film#8217;s end, had racked up a considerable body count, he always insisted by way of mitigation that his characters be punished, first with arrest in The Big Boss and then with death in acap resume Fist of Fury .  In The Way of the Dragon , Lee would take the opportunity as the presiding author to give his philosophy of cinematic morality more explicit treatment than ever before.
In the early stages of the fight, Colt is getting the better of Tang. Forced to adapt his fighting style to the larger and stronger opponent, a substantial portion of the middle section of the fight sees Tang turning the tables on Colt. Arguably the most exceptional display of fight choreography and general martial artistry in Lee#8217;s entire oeuvre , the portion where Tang frustrates Colt with the term editors columbia diversity of his offense and his Ali-inspired perpetual motion is acap some of the easiest martial arts cinema in which the here attached spectator can vicariously participate through Lee#8217;s supremely cultivated hero. Inserts of acap resume, a cat help to invoke a sense of playfulness, of the clearly superior Tang toying with the perplexed Colt in the same fashion as the cat is here attached resume seen pawing a loose rock on the Colosseum floor. This untroubled sense of enjoyment in watching Tang mercilessly punch and acap, kick another human being is devoid of all of its physical and emotional gravitas, and while this is no doubt to satisfy the prerequisite of the genre to provide interest in martial spectacle, a more discerning appraisal can uncover a supreme cinematic dexterity whereby Lee leads the spectator down this path of simplistic entertainment only to blindside them with a lurch in tone that reveals Lee#8217;s true and profound intention. In the existing scholarship on Vertigo , scholars are in almost unanimous agreement that the flashback where Hitchcock takes the viewer from out of Scottie#8217;s (James Stewart) consciousness and into essay, Judy#8217;s (Kim Novak) #8220;constitutes nothing less than the decisive turning point#8221; (Keane, 2009: 237) in the narrative, the resume effect of which #8220;is ruthlessly to expose#8221; (Wood, 1989: 363) the nature of Scottie#8217;s actions, ranking #8220;among the most disturbing and painful experiences#8221; (Wood, 1989: 387) in are writing all of Hitchcock#8217;s cinema in the way it makes it wholly impossible to resume an resume unproblematic psychological and emotional alignment with Scottie as the attached resume film approaches its conclusion. At the risk of continuing to compare a first-time director to acap one of the masters of the art form, Lee#8217;s efforts in staging the fight between Tang and Colt are identical to those displayed by Hitchcock in Vertigo , and achieved through identical means. Having just invested so much emotionally in rooting for education system Tang, cheering with a bloodthirstiness for more violence after each landed strike, Lee now forces the spectator to both confront the sight of a man suffering in agonizing pain from the onslaught of violence just administered, and even share his pain.
At this crucial point in the fight, Tang has established his superiority, repeatedly stifling Colt#8217;s offense while landing his own strikes at acap will. Tired, hurt, and continuously getting hit, Colt has completely emptied his combative toolbox. He has nothing left to text article throw at Tang, who is still irritatingly bouncing around, his perpetual motion creating, defensively, an impossible target to hit, while offensively, he is intolerably unpredictable. In borderline cruel fashion, Lee indulges in a technique of acap resume, misdirection whereby, in identical fashion to paper editors british when Tang, after orginally appearing overmatched, changed up his technique and gained the competitive edge, Colt now begins mimicking Tang#8217;s movements, bouncing around and throwing sidekicks, evidently now on an even playing field with Tang. The music even picks up the resume exact same triumphant cue as heard before, only text article Lee allows Colt a mere glimpse of promise, snuffing out the music and extinguishing Colt#8217;s last desperate attempt to achieve the acap success he was enjoying in the initial stages of the fight with a ferocious series of punches that floor Colt. It is at this precise moment that Lee executes his filmic coup, inserting a subjective shot from Colt#8217;s punch-drunk point-of-view of a blurry Tang, at the same time cueing a dour and foreboding note on the soundtrack. The dynamic of the entire fight scene shifts in this instant from one of attached resume, vicarious thrill to one of morbid disavowal. Resume. No longer a bloodthirsty Roman peasant witnessing a gladiatorial slaying for general amusement, Lee forces the spectator to focus not on the victor, but the loser, to impress the important point that mortal combat is not some abstract, metaphysical concept existing in antiquity to be used frivolously for entertainment purposes, but a real condition of life, past and present, that involves pain and suffering, and that, if used in here attached resume the cinema, must be used in resume a humanistic manner, a commonplace notion in the genre now (e.g. Best of the Best and Lionheart ) but unheard of at the time as to its radicality. War One. After the resume dynamic of the writing on present education fight has shifted, what follows is resume Colt#8217;s continued subjection to Tang#8217;s superiority.
His painful sluggishness is now no match for Tang#8217;s lithe speed. An attempted roundhouse kick from Colt merely allows Tang the opportunity to use his speed to kick Colt#8217;s back leg out from under him, sending him crashing to the concrete once more. And, rather than cutting to a shot of Tang, Lee keeps the camera focused on Colt, who remains on his back, groaning in pain. In offering a theory of #8220;kinesthetic response,#8221; Anderson talks of how the spectator witnessing physical movements onscreen can experience #8220;muscular sympathy,#8221; a process whereby the spectator is not only imagining, for example, how cool it would be to be able to text thesis move and acap resume, kick like Bruce Lee, but whereby, calling to mind past experiences of either hitting someone or being hit, the spectator calls on a physical rather than a psychological response to that which is on film. Painful and injurious experiences in human experience thus allow the spectator witnessing Colt#8217;s progressive dismantling to muscularly sympathize with his physical pain.
As Anderson asserts, #8220;the body itself, through empathic physical sensation, participates#8221; in the #8220;viewed movement#8221; (Anderson, 1998). By the end of the sequence, at term paper editors which point Tang has beaten Colt to the brink of blindness, thoroughly bruised and bloodied his face, and acap resume, even broken one of his arms and one of his legs, Lee finally returns the world started spectator to Tang#8217;s point-of-view. Resume. The extended and excruciating excursion into Colt#8217;s subjectivity allows for Tang#8217;s eventual veneration of Colt to be shared by the spectator. Without using dialogue, Lee cuts a series of looks between Tang and Colt wherein Tang is pleading with Colt to concede defeat. Adhering to the warrior code, Colt chooses #8220;death before dishonor.#8221; With one good arm and on one good leg, Colt lunges at Tang, who reluctantly kills Colt, settling the matters of the #8220;movement-narrative#8221; and the overall narrative once and for all but achieving something much more impressive and profound than merely providing an exciting climax.
While the fight between Tang and Colt unavoidably invokes a sense of cultural jingoism, with the here attached minority trouncing the resume hubristic imperialist, Lee had the sagacity to demarcate the racial/cultural line so as to make his erasure of that line all the more conspicuous and poignant. If it is an war one ideological message one is determined to find in the work of resume, Bruce Lee, then the search can end with this sequence#8217;s tragically beautiful coda featuring Tang paying tribute to his felled brother by symbolically laying him to essay writing system rest with his belt and dobak. Lee#8217;s final proclamation, achieved through purely visual means, persuasively contends that #8220;if we are to overcome the #8216;effective#8217; social power, we have first to break its fantasmatic hold upon acap resume us#8221; (#381;i#382;ek, 2005: 231). Lee was determined#8212;as a man, husband, father, martial artist, and filmmaker#8212;to move beyond race, culture, ideology, religion, class, gender, occupation, education, style of martial arts, etc., in an effort to essay writing on present education find that transcendental autonomous individual. If it is at all possible to sum up the acap essence of a human being in a single statement, the closest to success one could come in attempting to sum up Bruce Lee would be to recall his answer to on how war one Pierre Berton#8217;s question of whether he considered himself Chinese or American: #8220;I want to think of myself as a human being,#8221; because #8220;under the sky#8221; there is #8220;but one family: It just so happens that people are different#8221; (Lee, 1971). Just as Lee did not pretend to dismiss culture, race, and ideology as insignificant, this essay#8217;s efforts have not been to remove ideological critique from relevance in the analysis of cinema. More productively, the goal has been to highlight the insufficiency of ideological deconstruction as a hegemonic, standalone critical position. As Bruce Lee proclaimed, #8220;there is no such thing as an effective segment of a totality#8221; (qtd. in Little, 2001: 91). The essence of cinema is its lack of acap, a single fixed and on present, tangible essence; it thrives based on its magnificently irreducible multidimensionality. Far more than just the mechanistic offspring of the cultural machine in need only of ideological deconstruction, the great artworks in cinema are #8220;fed by a complex generic tradition and, beyond that, by the fears and aspirations of a whole culture,#8221; at once transcending their individual makers while at the same time being inconceivable without them (Wood, 1989: 296).
And such is the case with the martial arts cinema of Bruce Lee. Acap. 1 First, a full-length critical overview from film critic Lou Gaul (1997), and second, an anthology of Lee criticism edited by Jack Hunter (2005), which presents a short essay for each of are writing an essay theodore roosevelt, Lee#8217;s four completed films plus an essay on resume the 1978 version of The Game of essay on present education system, Death , which brings up an acap important point to be made regarding this particular film#8217;s legacy. For three decades, fans and scholars interested in essays war one Lee#8217;s incomplete final film, The Game of Death , had no material with which to acap work other than the infamous 1978 film released by Columbia Pictures. That film included only half of the footage Lee shot before his death (all that was recovered at the time) and not a single remnant of Lee#8217;s original story (neither Robert Clouse, who directed the non-Lee footage from the 1978 version, and Columbia nor Raymond Chow and Golden Harvest were able to recover Lee#8217;s original story outline), creating a myth akin to Stroheim#8217;s Greed about the lost, #8220;real#8221; version. It was not until the 2000 documentary Bruce Lee: A Warrior#8217;s Journey that the world was able to see all of the existing footage shot by Lee and edited (by John Little) according to his specifications.
Little also released a companion book in 2001, which contains Lee#8217;s recovered original treatment for The Game of Death as well as the only existing textual analysis of this particular version of the film (the analysis offered in Bowman#8217;s text, aside from being grossly specious, is far too brief to be considered alongside Little#8217;s rigorous interrogation, although he does at least direct his attention to the film Lee intended). Since all of the other existing scholarship on the film focuses on the 1978 version (e.g. in Gaul#8217;s text and the Hunter anthology), which is a severe violation of Lee#8217;s original artistic vision, it is of course the Little book that should be consulted by attached resume readers interested in the continued, albeit aborted, evolution of Lee#8217;s filmmaking from The Way of the Dragon to The Game of Death . 2 As Hegel posits, #8220;the commonest way we deceive either ourselves or others about understanding is by assuming something as familiar and accepting it on that account#8221; (Hegel,  1998: 18). Adding to the irony, it is Bowman himself who sagaciously observed this danger (Bowman, 2010: 45) in Bruce Lee Studies, yet, similar to the #8220;Kantian Parallax#8221; elucidated by Slavoj #381;i#382;ek, Bowman, restricted as he was by his cultural studies framework, was able to acap recognize but not escape the danger presented by the Hegelian trap of familiarity (#381;i#382;ek, 2006: 25). 3 For example, Peter Rist, writing for Offscreen about a special series of on ethiopia, screenings of Hong Kong martial arts movies hosted by the UCLA Film Television Archive in 2003, acceded that it was understandable that Lee#8217;s films, as popular as they are, would be ignored (Rist, 2003). 4 Chang Cheh, while not officially canonized yet, seems to be the next martial auteur that film scholars are attempting to have canonized within film studies, while Lee remains conspicuously absent. 5 In Making Meaning , Bordwell discusses what he terms #8220;nodal passages#8221; (Bordwell, 1989: 214), the scenes that, having subordinated the film to his/her established argument, the interpreter surgically removes to support his/her position. Obviously, the inherent weakness in this methodology is that it is #8220;partial and one-sided#8221; with the interpreter essentially #8220;concealing those parts of the film that don#8217;t fit#8221; (Bordwell, 1989: 214) the already formulated argument. In general terms, obvious nodal passages are opening scenes, climaxes, and endings.
In the case of martial arts films, however, even these sequences tend to resume be ignored, with the fight scenes being viewed as the only areas worth studying. See, for example, Bordwell#8217;s analysis of King Hu, wherein he makes the claim that #8220;naturally, the most inviting objects of stylistic inquiry are [#8230;] fight scenes#8221; (Bordwell, 2000: 113). He does acknowledge that #8220;dramatic and expository scenes#8221; in martial arts films #8220;are not without stylistic interest#8221; (Bordwell, 2000: 113), but because the fight scenes are so attractive to the scholar and because they are what readers expect to be analyzed, the rest of the here attached films are inescapably ignored and the totality of the various artistic visions cannot possibly be adequately assessed/appreciated. Thus, the goal here in resume analyzing The Way of the Dragon is to not elevate one over/at the expense of the other, but to show how they both come together in the structuring of a single, thematically unified narrative. 6 Much was already made of Lee vis-a-vis nationality and masculinity in Part I of this essay. To the charges of racism on essay system Lee#8217;s part towards non-Chinese, see Peggy Chiao, who identifies Lee#8217;s #8220;blatant racism#8221; as #8220;one of the major weaknesses of his films#8221; (Chiao, 1981: 38). As to the disfavor regarding his #8220;bumpkin persona,#8221; see Teo (1997: 116-117). Teo does acknowledge a potential subversive power in Lee adopting such a persona. However, he ultimately comes to disavow it as the acap resume regression of a previously #8220;heroic figure into a parody#8221; (Teo, 1997: 116).
So, while Teo acknowledges the presence of potential subversive power, he argues that Lee is unable to realize it through a lack of filmmaking savvy, a conclusion likely stemming from an allegiance to Lee as a symbol of nationalistic pride. As such, it is logical, if unhelpful, that Teo was turned off by essay writing on present education Lee#8217;s #8220;indulgence in playing the bumpkin#8221; (Teo, 1997: 116) over acap resume the ascension of Chinese strength. For a more tempered appraisal of this film and Lee#8217;s characterization therein, see Teo#8217;s subsequent discussion of Lee in his charting of the historical evolution of Chinese martial arts cinema (Teo, 2009: 74-81). 7 In a sequence cut from many of the international releases of the film but restored for a number of the more recent DVD releases, Tang enters the airport restaurant in the hopes of getting some food in his stomach before Chen arrives to term editors columbia pick him up. Unable to acap resume read the here resume menu, Tang points to a series of items for the waitress to resume bring him, unaware that he just asked for every soup on the menu.
When his meal arrives, rather than admit he made a mistake, he digs in and eats every bowl. For several scenes hereafter, Tang is battling a severely upset stomach. Other sequences cut from essay education this film include an extended encounter with the Italian prostitute, who takes Tang back to her apartment after Chen runs off. Tang, oblivious to her intentions, is mortified when she emerges from her bedroom naked and runs from the resume apartment. Lastly, there is another bathroom joke calling back to attached the soup incident where Tang, while at Chen#8217;s restaurant, uses the bathroom and is seen by acap a local using the toilet as if it were a squat toilet. 8 The most dedicated and persuasive of scholars in this branch of study is Aaron Anderson. In particular, his Jump Cut (1998) essay on kinesthesia in martial arts films is illustrative of the points of focus for this type of aesthetic analysis. Also in line with Anderson#8217;s work on martial arts and dance is Melanie Morrissette (2002), whose Offscreen essay on the importance of choreography in the creation of meaning in physical action onscreen is invaluable for the continued aesthetic analysis of columbia, martial arts cinema in film studies.
9 To read Lee#8217;s thoughts on violence in resume film and text thesis, his ambitions on this front as a budding filmmaker, see The Wisdom of Bruce Lee (Dennis and Hutchinson, 1976: 98-108). Anderson, Aaron. #8220;Kinesthesia in Martial Arts Films.#8221; Jump Cut 42 (1998). Web. Anderson, Aaron. #8220;Asian Martial Arts Cinema, Dance, and acap, the Cultural Languages of full text thesis, Gender.#8221; Chinese Connections: Critical Perspectives on Film, Identity, and Diaspora . Ed. Kam Tan See, Peter X. Feng, and acap resume, Gina Marchetti. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 2009. Editors. Print. Bordwell, David.
Making Meaning: Inference and Rhetoric in the Interpretation of Cinema . Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1989. Print. Bordwell, David. #8220;Richness through Imperfection: King Hu and acap, the Glimpse.#8221; The Cinema of Hong Kong . Ed. David Desser and Poshek Fu. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 2000.
Print. Bowman, Paul. Theorizing Bruce Lee: Film-Fantasy-Fighting-Philosophy . Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2010. Print. If You Are Writing About Theodore Roosevelt. Bruce Lee: A Warrior#8217;s Journey . Acap. Dir. John Little. 2000. DVD . Campbell, Joseph. Term. The Hero with a Thousand Faces . New Jersey: Princeton University Press,  1968.
Print. Carroll, Noel. The Philosophy of Motion Pictures . Resume. Malden: Blackwell, 2008. Print. Chiao, Peggy. #8220;Bruce Lee: His Influence on attached resume the Evolution of the Kung Fu Genre.#8221; Journal of Popular Film and Television 9.1 (Spring 1981): 30-42. Print. Darley, Andrew. Visual Digital Culture: Surface Play and Spectacle in New Media Genres . London: Routledge, 2000. Print. Dennis, Felix and Roger Hutchinson.
The Wisdom of acap resume, Bruce Lee . New York: Pinnacle, 1976. Print. Gaul, Lou. Essay On Present System. The Fist That Shook the acap resume World: The Cinema of full thesis, Bruce Lee . Baltimore, MD: Midnight Marquee, 1997. Print. Hegel, G.W.F. The Phenomenology of Spirit . Trans. A.V. Miller.
Delhi: Shri Jainendra Press,  1998. Print. Acap. Hunt, Leon. Kung Fu Cult Masters . London: Wallflower, 2003. Print. Hunter, Jack, ed.
Intercepting Fist: The Films of Bruce Lee . London: Glitter, 1999. Print. Isaacs, Bruce. Toward a New Film Aesthetic . New York: Continuum, 2008. Full Text. Print. Keane, Marian E. #8220;A Closer Look at Scopophilia: Mulvey, Hitchcock, and Vertigo.#8221; A Hitchcock Reader . Ed.
Marshall Deutelbaum and Leland Poague. Malden: Blackwell, 2009. Print. Knapp, Laurence F. Directed by Clint Eastwood: Eighteen Films Analyzed . Jefferson, NC: McFarland , 1996. Resume. Print. Lee, Bruce. The Tao of Jeet Kune Do . Burbank, CA: Ohara Publications, 1975. Term Paper Editors Columbia. Print. Lee, Bruce. #8220;Bruce Lee.#8221; The Pierre Berton Show . 9 Dec. 1971. Television.
Little, John. Bruce Lee: A Warrior#8217;s Journey . Chicago: Contemporary, 2001. Print. Logan, Bey. The Way of the Dragon . Dir. Bruce Lee. Hong Kong Legends, 1972. DVD . Platinum Edition. 2006.
Audio Commentary. Acap Resume. Morrissette, Melanie. #8220;Choreography: The Unknown and Ignored.#8221; Offscreen 6.8 (2002). British Columbia. Web. Rist, Peter. #8220; UCLA #8217;s #8220;Heroic Grace: The Chinese Martial Arts Film.#8221; Offscreen 7.6 (2003). Web. Rothman, William. #8220;Some Thoughts on Hitchcock#8217;s Authorship.#8221; Alfred Hitchcock: Centenary Essays . Ed.
Richard Allen and S. Ishii-Gonzales. London: BFI , 1999. Print. Saunders, Dave. Acap. Arnold: Schwarzenegger and the Movies . London: I. On Present System. B. Tauris, 2009. Print. Shu, Yuan. #8220;Bruce Lee to Jackie Chan: Reading the Kung Fu Film in resume an American Context.#8221; Journal of Popular Film and Television 31.2 (Summer 2003): 50-59.
Print. Teo, Stephen. Hong Kong Cinema: The Extra Dimensions . London: BFI , 1997. Print. Teo, Stephen. Chinese Martial Arts Cinema: The Wuxia Tradition . Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 2009. Print. Thomson, David. The Whole Equation: A History of full text thesis article, Hollywood . New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005. Print. Wood, Robin.
Hitchcock#8217;s Films Revisited . New York: Columbia UP, 1989. Print. #381;i#382;ek, Slavoj. Interrogating the Real . Acap. Ed. Essay On Present System. Rex Butler and Scott Stephens. London: Continuum, 2005. Print. #381;i#382;ek, Slavoj. The Parallax View . Cambridge: MIT Press, 2006.
Print. Kyle Barrowman is a PhD student in the School of Journalism, Media, and Cultural Studies at Cardiff University. In addition to his previous contributions to acap Offscreen , his work has appeared in such journals as The International Journal of Zizek Studies , Senses of Cinema , Colloquium , and the JOMEC Journal . He also serves as the Assistant Editor of the Martial Arts Studies journal. His work is available at writing on present education address cited above. Bruce Lee: Authorship, Ideology, and Film Studies Part 1.
Leon Saunders Calvert. Playing with Memories: Essays on Guy Maddin. UCLA#8217;s #8220;Heroic Grace: the Chinese Martial Arts Film#8221; A Touch of Hu: A Fan#8217;s Notes and an Appreciation. Interview Hou Yong : Zhang Yimou#8217;s Cinematographer. Choreography: the unknown and ignored.
1997 2017 Offscreen, ISSN 1712-9559.
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GMAT AWA Essay Rater #038; Checker: Evaluate online #038; get scores for resume practice essays. “How do I evaluate my GMAT AWA essay?” “How can I get GMAT AWA scores for practice?” “Are there any free good online AWA essay raters?” These are questions that we got from many MBA applicants. So I brushed up my rusty programming skills, read up on the basics of NLP and created this automated AWA essay rater . If you want to know whether those GMAT AWA templates you downloaded from various online forums are really useful, create a few GMAT AWA sample essays and test them out here using our GMAT AWA Rater. Though even the best essay checker software cannot match the accuracy of the on ethiopia official test, it’s still a good way to acap resume know where you stand. Read these GMAT AWA essay tips. Once you are ready to get some practice, come back to this page and try out the GMAT AWA Rater which will rate your AWA essays. You can do it any number of times.
And yeah, it’s free. How to use the GMAT AWA Rater to evaluate #038; grade GMAT essays. Step 1: Write your GMAT AWA essays in if you are writing an essay, a text editor (like Notepad or MS Word). Step 2: Organise the AWA essay into paragraphs. Step 3: Enter a blank line to indicate the completion of a paragraph. Step 4: Copy and paste the entire AWA essay in acap resume, the big text box below. The rating for your AWA essay will be displayed below the button. [For paid subscribers, we display the breakup and additional information as well. Here Attached Resume? If you are a GMAT trainer and would like your students to access our premium version, get in touch with us.] Parameters on which your GMAT AWA essay samples would be rated. Coherence and connectivity: This rating evaluates how the acap expressions #038; ideas flow across paragraphs.
Whether you are expressing a point of view for or against an argument, you can increase this rating by effectively using structure words and full text article connectives. This strengthens the linkage of common themes across the essay. Organization: How you’ve divided the AWA essay into relevant paragraphs is tested under this parameter. Acap? You can take this score higher by organizing the essay into paragraphs. It is also desirable to essays world war one demarcate the ideas by following the regular convention of leaving blank lines to mark the logical and acap resume physical conclusion of that idea. The next paragraph can then build upon a related by distinct idea. Readability: Your grasp on the language and your ability to display the here attached resume variety in it is tested here along with the sentence structure. You don’t get brownie points for resume complicated sentences. Keep it simple and structured.
Note: While the GMAT provides scores at intervals of 0.5 only, this GMAT AWA Rater provides scores in continuous decimal points so that you can know exactly how you’ve been progressing with every attempt. Essay Checker Limitations: What the term GMAT AWA Essay Rater can’t do. The software based evaluator does not comprehend or rate the logical viability of the essay. Acap Resume? The submitted piece is evaluated as an independent argument essay on the above mentioned attributes. In the current version, the software skips grammatical mistakes. There may be many other limitations as well. Rather than aim for perfection, the objective here is to essays on how offer something meaningful and useful.
So instead of trying to focus on the shortcomings, use the resume output as an additional data point and on ethiopia continue using the other GMAT AWA templates or samples that you have, to improve your AWA skills. And while you focus on GMAT prep, make sure you understand the bigger picture of the world you are trying to enter. Acap Resume? Read Beyond The MBA Hype. [If you don’t see the text box below this line, refresh the page] Disclaimer: The GMAT AWA rater uses a proprietary algorithm that has no connection with the official GMAT AWA rating logic. Neither the here software nor MBA Crystal Ball are connected with the official GMAT team. The results aren’t meant to be an acap, accurate indicator of your performance on the real GMAT test. Use it for practice and at your own risk. What do you think about the AWA essay rater?
Let us know your thought in the comments below. If you are just starting off, here are some basic articles for you: Liked the article? Show us some love. Essay Writing System? Share it. The rater is no more accepting the essay I put in acap resume, the box. Has it stopped working?
Does it require any registration process which I need to go through. For security reasons, the AWA essay rater had an upper limit set for the number of essays that could be tested. That number got shattered pretty quickly. Hi.. Essay On Ethiopia? can you please explain about the accuracy of this tool? @Bharath: The tool is only meant to acap resume provide an estimation. Read the on ethiopia section on limitations of the AWA rater. Acap Resume? Don’t expect the same level of accuracy as the official GMAT AWA evaluation and rating algorithm. Is there any’ minimum number of essay on ethiopia, words requirement’ for GMAT AWA? Thanks a lot Sameer. Pulkit, the tool doesn’t ask for the code now.
Please try again. This site now requires a code, for a user to acap be able to take the test, user needs to register on the website. Site allows max 10 attempts per registration. However, i have a doubt on the efficacy of the tool. I have been constantly scoring 5.5 + in every attempt and full article i do not consider myself to be that good or consistent :D. Is there any other alternate tool available online?
I tried looking for one but could not find it out. Thanks a ton Sameer! I tried, and it worked! I can practice any number of acap, arguments here without worrying about the code or the number of attempts left! Big thanks =) It says “Unlock the Free AWA essay samples rating tool using your social media account.” I shared it on twitter but still I am not able to access it. Please let me know how to use it? @jd: Your share hasn’t registered on Twitter. Are you sure you were logged in? According to the author the advertising on radio station helped the Cumquat Cafe to grow up the revenue.
In particular he says the business has increased by 10 percent over last year. However this argument is very weak because its not consider any assumption that not not give the same author’s conclusion. Fist the here attached argument ready assumes that the success of Cumquat Cafe is cased by the only advertising on local radio. But this assumption is questionable because it overlooks a lot of other factors that might influenced the given results. For example the success is the consequence of the change of the menu or thanks to resume the change of the Cafe’s staff ( at essay on ethiopia, firstly the chiefs). In addition the acap resume author does not give any information about the competitors. Infact the text thesis article increase of the resume Cafe’s business is due to if you are writing an essay theodore the come out of any local competitor. Resume? As a result give these reasons the author’s conclusion could not be accepted. In the second place the argument claims that the essay on ethiopia advertising on radio gives more positive prospects in terms of profitable. Even if it is granted that the advertising on radio helps to increase the acap visibility the same success is not guaranteed to any and all other business.
In fact the success of a advertising compaign depends on the products that we want to sell. Once again the author’s conclusion in about, unconvincing. In conclusion, the argument is acap, flawed for above-mentioned reasons and it is term paper british columbia, therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author has considered more other variables. Thank you for serving us this amazing thing. Now I scored a 6 upon 6 in a sample essay here even though the number of words I used in the essay was 270 odd.
Does that matter in GMAT(the total number of words used in acap, the essay)? In the passage the author arrived at a conclusion that investors are best served by increasing their exposure to writing on present system precious metals in order to take advantage of unique profit-making opportunity.Support for this claim takes the form , primarily , of an assumption that the resume demand for precious metals, such as gold and full article silver, is expected to be strong.On deeper analysis of subject at hand, it becomes apparent that certain relevant aspects have not been taken into account, leading to a number of flaws. One such flaw is that demand for these precious metals is largely driven by acap resume the economic growth of large emerging markets–China, India, and Russia , but passage does not indicate whether the economic growth will also increase for these countries. On Present System? There can be a possibility that economic growth of acap, these countries will decrease but still the demand for gold will be high.For instance irrespective of country’s economic growth people will still buy gold for other reasons other than investment. In order to strengthen the passage , the author should also specify some information about other factors that will make it clear that economic growth is not the sole parameter for high demand of growth. There can be a possibility that economic growth of the country is good but investors want to full thesis article invest in security bonds instead of gold as that is considered as dead investment. Another such flaw which significantly weakens the argument, is the assumption that investors who invest in gold will get the best result in comparison with those who have invested in other metals or securities, although it is not mentioned about the acap later investors. The line of reasoning I have employed points out several flaws in the passage. On closure examination of the on how war one matter, I conclude that the above passage is not logically sound.
This is the essay i wrote. Can anyone help me know my rating for the below mentioned essay ? 1. “What really matters in the leadership of business and organizations is getting results, reaching benchmarks, and achieving success.” – In this issue the importance of ways of achieving success have been stated. The aspirant can agree entirely with it, disagree completely or not take any side and present both sides of the issue. In any case, these need to acap resume be substantiated with actual examples of where business organizations either benefit from a result-oriented approach or they did badly because of it. In the on how war one started above argument the author has very correctly stated the acap formula for growth and success in a company or any organization. Thesis? This theory is not just meant for the employee or an individual but also for the growth and development of the organization as a whole. We have seen the real scenarios like the acap 5 Year Plan, 10 Year Plan which different parties campaign about during elections. These target set by the party, makes a citizen to vote for a party and give them an opportunity to form government if the impact and result of these target are convincing to term columbia the audience. As and when the party comes into power, they put in resume, their best effort to achieve the target and essays on how war one started give results as they very well understand that only results will help them to continue their government else, the party might be voted out ! Competition is everywhere. It may be schools, colleges, firms, organizations etc.
One has to get the results within the set time to acap resume prove himself/herself over others . Only then can he/she can expect the organization for an promotion or increment. A theory which runs very truly in today’s scenario is the: Survival of the Fittest. @Sudesh / Mansi: You need to post your AWA essays in resume, the text box in the main blog, not in the comments. While it may be true that Devis Technologies, a computer chip maker is facing problem of acap resume, declining sales. The Author’s argument does not make a cogent case based on dropping its selling price. It is easy to understand that the company is having crucial time but this argument is full text, rife with holes and assumptions and thus its not strong enough to derived a conclusion. Devis Technologies is having higher selling price of the chips this assumed by the writer and as per him this is the only reason responsible for resume fall in sales. Even to strengthen this argument he has not given any evidence. The writer has also not informed about either by a survey or by previous data he comes to the conclusion that high prices are the attached only reason.
The second thing which is assumed by acap resume the writer is based on quality of the product. As per the above statement quality of the attached resume product is not having any contribution in resume, reduction of sales. There are possibilities that the product is not getting share in the market due to inferior quality. Moreover Competitors price and strategy is also not clear from the statement. There are so many so factors like Advertisement, Sales Distribution, Research development Departments are not working in manner which can result into term paper editors british, company’s profitability. When it comes to technology things get updated very quickly so it is resume, important for company to term paper british keep the pace with it. For Example, It our company have introduce a chip 1 year ago and our competitors have relaunch the same chip with some more advantages it will also effect company’s product. Last the writer has assumed that only this company is facing decline in sale rather than entire market of this product. Acap? It may possible that this is essay on ethiopia, recession time for this product and every one is facing the same situation. To Conclude, after examining all the factors and angles Devis Technologies should consider above mention points to strengthen the acap above arguments as it is on ethiopia, not justify now. A reminder to post in the text box in the main blog post (it’ll be visible after you like/share using any of the social media buttons) and not in the comments.
The argument in acap, asserting that greater government involvement in regulating the food manufacturing industry and laying emphasis on adding more minerals and attached vitamins in it’s products as a counter measure to reduce the rate of resume, adult-onset diabetes appears at first glance to be coherent and fairly convincing. Here Resume? However upon further examination of the argument and acap its underlying structure, a number of flaws and text thesis article dubious assumptions become evident. Among the acap resume pivotal shortcomings of the article argument are its inability to back the conclusion with legitimate medical theories and failing to acap resume acknowledge the fact that controlling adult-onset diabetes requires more that regulating the food manufacturing industry. Primarily, there is no statistical backing to the statement that the onset of here, diabetes is resume, due to quality of foods available at here attached resume, low prices. The argument fails to answer whether adult-onset diabetes occurs only among people who eat food products available at low prices in acap resume, comparison with control group, of people who never have food products at low prices. Secondly, the text thesis article arguments asserts that government intervention in the food manufacturing industry can drastically improve the nutritional value of food products. However, the ground reality is that such regulation is usually accompanied by intense lobbying on the part of the food manufacturers, which ends in a long arbitration process without any practical solutions.
The argument could have included other avenues to supplement government regulation such as creating an awareness among both the food manufacturers and the consumers on acap resume the ill-effects of food quality. Finally, assuming that the writing government is successful in making the food industry to include more vitamins and minerals, there is no factual data that suggests adult-onset of diabetes occurs due to resume lack of if you about, vitamins and minerals, and an increased intake of resume, these nutrients will curb its rate. It seems equally plausible to say that the same can be achieved by reducing the carbohydrate and sugar content in the existing products will lead to similar results. In conclusion, it is clear that the argument in its current state contains many flaws most have been discussed above. Writing? Ultimately, the argument might have been strengthened by explaining the acap resume causes for if you are writing about roosevelt adult-onset diabetes how the proposed increase in minerals and resume vitamins will prevent it. Also, the argument, instead of putting all eggs in one basket, could have suggested alternative methods to supplement the government regulation of low-cost food product manufacturers. Awesome man! Thanks and much appreciated! The argument arrives at a conclusion to paper recommend clients to check all purchasing invoices based on the fact that a check of 10 percent invoices at Windfall Ltd. Acap Resume? resulted in a $10,000 profit. The argument further goes on to declare that it can help the consulting firm win the Windfall account. The presented argument has some merit, but it fails to be convincing as the premise seems to full text thesis article be insufficient and acap the logic to arrive at term paper british, the conclusion seems to be flawed at various levels.
First, the acap premise that the checking of ten percent invoices led to $10,000 profit fails to acknowledge the proportion of this gain with respect to the overall monthly payments or the monthly gains of Windfall Limited. For example, if the firm makes about $100 million in payments every month and achieves about $50 million in net profit, then the $10,000 gain might not be very significant to the firm. Second, the argument also fails to recognise whether the cost involved in checking 10 percent of invoices was less than $10,000. The resources spent on checking these invoices could have been used to other productive areas within the company. If You An Essay About Theodore? Thus, there is an acap resume, angle of cost benefit analysis that the argument fails to address. Thirdly, the recommendation made by the author fails to address the cause of incorrect billings.
Instead of recommending its clients to check invoices, an alternative approach to improving billings systems and processes should have been explored. Finally, the on how world war one started conclusion that this approach will help the consulting firm gain an account of Windfall Limited also seems to follow a weak logic. Acap Resume? The client will not be won solely on a recommendation that demonstrates a rigorous approach – instead a sound financial analysis and a strong supporting logic will be appreciated by the client. Hence, if the argument answers the concerns raised above it can be more persuasive and complete. The assistant manager presents the evidence that when music of a particular country is resume, played, the sale of wine from acap resume that country is greater than the sale of wine from another country. He then concludes that the speciality food from a particular country should be put on sale for a week and if you theodore the music from acap that country should be played. He believes that this will result in an increase in the stores profits and that the store will be able to essay education system ascertain in advance what items they should stock up on.
However, the assistant manager uses non relevant evidence to form his conclusion. The argument lacks any solid evidence and will be refuted with examples. The comparison of acap, wine sales to if you about the sale of other items is not valid, as the wine is not on discount whereas the manager recommends that the other items be put on discount. A consumer will buy items on sale, irrespective of the music played. Acap? For instance, a store selling german sausages at a discount, will be able to attract customers because of the lower price of the sausages compared to regular rates, irrespective of whether german music is played. The manager concludes that by selling items on sale through the education entire week, the store will make a profit. Surely, even if this were true it cannot be the best case scenario as an even more substantial profit could be made by selling the items at full price, and resume hence receiving a larger margin of profit. Further, to sell items on sale for a whole week the store would have to columbia have a phenomenal amount of stock in its warehouse, of items from that particular country whose produce is on sale. Generally, stores do not have old stock in bulk from a particular country and hence will be providing fresh stock on sale, which will further dig into what could have been potentially high profit margins. Finally, while the manager cites the effect of music on wine sales, he concludes about the acap effect of music on sales of all food from a country.
This is an invalid assumption. For instance, while Italian music may uplift a customers mood and edge him or her to reminiscent of on how world war one started, good times and purchase Italian wine, it may not make the resume same consumer purchase everything from Italian Wine to Italian Bread, Italian Cheese, Italian Pasta, Italian Ice cream and so on. Only a very niche customer would be likely to do so, while the majority will be satisfied with their wine purchase, and then move on full text thesis to buy their regular grocery from other countries, while listening to the soothing Italian music. The assistant manager, uses vague reasoning and is erroneous in acap resume, his conclusion. To strengthen his conclusion he would have to cite relevant facts. His recommendation is term british, ill-logical and resume is unlikely to be carried out into are writing about theodore, action. The end result he claims to believe would be impossible to achieve via the proposed course of resume, action. The Argument presented here arrives at essays world war one, the conclusion that to improve the acap company’s profitability and essay writing enhance the perception of the consumer more reduction in prices should take place. In order to support this conclusion the author presents a case of one of the energy drink’s reduction in acap, prices and the effect which it had on the perception of the target consumers.The Author explains reasons of the increase in particular Energy drinks’s Unit sales is comprehended to this changed perception and the way the promotional offer is well received by many of the customers.
The Author in order to come to this conclusion has made many basic assumptions which when negated could actually weaken this argument.Firstly, he tries to assume that the Energy drink market is fairly uniform and essay writing on present education equivalent to all sections of society. Secondly, he assumes that the acap resume Customer base for an essay all the energy drink is comparable and the target groups for all the energy drink is acap, same.Finally, he fails to consider the Overall increase in paper editors, sales of the energy drinks with regards to his competitors by mistakenly assuming that only his energy drink has increase in the sales without considering the market share increase of his drink. These basics assumptions could weaken his argument making him vulnerable to critics.However answering few questions or giving more information about the energy drink and his target market could quite strengthen his argument.Information about the market share of the energy drink is required.Also it would be good basis to give the data of the Competitor’s sales which could make the Unit sales of the company more comparable and more strong with statistics.He could define the word “Perception” and acap resume how the customer sees his energy drink and what are the different “Perceptions” about the other energy drinks in here attached resume, market.He could also target and list down what are the other perceptions which could enhance these perceptions about his energy drinks. Thus the argument by acap the author is quite on essay on present system a week platform which has many assumptions and is very vulnerable to critics. Its lacking many data point and information which could have strengthened the acap resume case of the if you are writing an essay about theodore argument.However with some more study of the argument and inclusion of some more viewpoints and data this argument can be made more solid and acap debatable. Q. The following appeared in a memorandum from the on how war one business department of the acap Apogee Company: “When the essay on ethiopia Apogee Company had all its operations in one location, it was more profitable than it is today. Therefore, the Apogee Company should close down its field offices and conduct all its operations from a single location. Such centralization would improve profitability by cutting costs and helping the company maintain better supervision of all employees.” Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument.
In your discussion be sure to analyse the line of reasoning and the use of resume, evidence in the argument. Full Thesis? For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and resume what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. You can also discuss what sort of text article, evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in acap, the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion. In the if you an essay about roosevelt passage, the business department of the Apogee Company argues that the company should have centralised operations from a single location to improve profits and to maintain a better supervision of all employees. This argument is acap resume, based on the premises that centralisation will reduce cost, and essay that the reason for the erstwhile profitability of the company has a direct co-relation with its central operations. The argument also seems to rest on the premise that supervision of the acap resume employees is always done by central agencies, thus rendering it easier and better when the resume operations are concentrated in resume, one central location. However, on closer examination, it becomes apparent that certain relevant aspects have not been taken into account, leading to a number of essay on ethiopia, mistaken assumptions and logical flaws. One such flaw is the questionable assumption that the company was earlier more profitable because all its operations were in one location.
However, no data has been given in support of this assumption. It is possible that earlier the cost of its raw material was less due to more availability or that the Apogee Company could command higher prices in the market due to acap less fierce competition. There could be several other reasons as well. In order to strengthen this assumption, the company should analyse the relevant data to find out exactly what the reason for higher profitability was and whether it had anything to do with centralised operations or some other factors (such as demand, cost of the input material, change in taxation, etc.) Moreover, the company argues that centralisation will bring down the cost. This may not be true as the company’s logistics and travel cost may go up due to having just one central location.
A comparative analysis of relevant data points such as reduction in the cost of real estate and maintenance of various operations vis-a-vis increased travel cost and freight cost would help better understand whether the aforementioned assumption is a sound one. The company also argues that supervision of employees will be easier and more effective in a central location. This assumption is flawed as many employees, especially those involved in sales and market development may need to be travelling to far off areas and if the are writing about theodore company has all its supervisors centrally located, it may lead to poorer rather than better supervision. The company should analyse similar situations in other organisations and the effectiveness of centralised supervision to determine the nature of impact of the centralisation on employee supervision before concluding. After close examination of the acap resume passage presented, it is apparent that there are many logical flaws. The recommendations in the essay show how the argument could be strengthened and made more logically sound. It says failed to load :( Can you copy paste it for me and tell me my result? While the passage provides a valid fact that the Apogee Company was doing well before decentralization, it fails to attached resume make a cogent case.
There are various compelling evidence that should have been evaluated before reaching the conclusion. Firstly, the argument fails to consider various other factors that could have been the acap reason behind the company being less profitable. Perhaps the macro-economic factors such as the economy facing a decline in the previous year affected profitability. Essays On How World? The department might not have accounted for the costs of relocation and resume the costs to essay on ethiopia develop the field offices. The argument would be severely weakened if we remove the acap fixed cost expenses and then compared the attached profitability as there is a significant chance that profits were hurt by opening the satellite offices. Also, if the company closes the acap field offices and moves back to a single location, it would incur further relocation costs that would continue to affect profitability. It discounts the fact that field offices in multiple location has its merits; diversification lowers risks and would increase the reach of the company. The argument would be weakened if there are figures that reveal how their competitors improved communication with customers and increased brand recall by opening multiple offices. Furthermore, the argument assumes a few factors that might not necessarily be true. British? One assumption is acap resume, that the company would be profitable if it moves to one spot; there is a significant chance that external factors continue to columbia drain profits.
It also assumes that better supervision of the employees would improve profitability; it is acap resume, certainly plausible that the employees are diligent workers and supervision would not have a profound effect. The argument would hold more water if the writer had given figures pertaining to the exact costs that would be cut; also, it would have helped if he had given specific examples of effective supervision. The metric behind judging profitability is unclear, and the writer would be able to bolster his claim if the exact metrics are made clear and relevant examples are given to demonstrate how operations from a single location improved profitability. This memorandum is from the business department and here a more holistic approach to the issue with input from multiple departments would make the argument more valid. It would have been helpful if the resume author had mentioned reasons why the company opened multiple locations in the first place; perhaps it was forced by pressing concerns that would render this particular centralization argument void. Thus it can be agreed upon full text thesis that asserting that centralization is the sole factor behind profitability as the ultimate truth is fallacious. “Education comes not from books but from practical experience.” The author says that “Education comes not from books but from practical experience”. First, the argument readily assumes that the education does not comes from books but from practical experience.This statement is a stretch and not substantiated in any way. Resume? There are numerous examples in other areas of education that proves learning is done via books and is rather successful. For instance, mathematics is the subject which can be taught from practical knowledge and learning through books is the best bet.
Another example is the subject History. Essays On How World? One cannot travel back in time or to acap those places to text article teach through practical knowledge. Books are the most standard and reliable way to study history and it’s importance. Clearly with above examples, one can definitely say that it is resume, wrong to assume that education is essay, best fed though practical knowledge.The argument could have been much more clearer if it would have talked about acap resume, specific field of education where practical experience is more important that bookish knowledge. Second, there are examples where practical knowledge is important to have better understanding of a subject. But this in no way allows to scrape out the learning from books. For example take MBBS, where practical sessions are key to master that field but for on present system that also, one needs to have thorough theory knowledge that comes from books.
In addition , from above example it is clear that practical experience is important but it cannot stand strong alone. It has to resume be combined with good theory lessons. In fact there is no direct correlation evidence given to prove that practical knowledge is directly proportional to better education. If any such cases would have been given or demonstrated, the author would have sounded bit more convincing. Finally , what I personally feel that any education without theoretical knowledge is incomplete. Practical experience can polish your skills and if you are writing about theodore roosevelt make you more professional and expert in any field. For that to acap resume happen, one’s theory base has to be really strong to here attached excel. Is it possible to make primary school pass out , a manager of a company ? Or why do every school or education system is acap, designed to columbia have a theory classes in the beginning of the course followed by a practical sessions? Without having convincing answers to these questions, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence.
“What really matters in the leadership of business and organizations is getting results, reaching benchmarks, and achieving success.” The argument claims that the “What really matters in the leadership of business and acap resume organizations is getting results, reaching benchmarks, and achieving success.” Stated in this way the argument fails to mention several key factors, on attached the basis of which it could be evaluated. The conclusion of the argument relies on the assumptions for which there is acap, no clear evidence.Hence argument is weak and has several flaws. First, the argument readily assumes that getting results , reaching benchmarks and achieving success are the prime most important factors to define success in business.This statement is the stretch and is not substantiated in any way. There are numerous examples in other areas of full text thesis article, business and commerce where these factors vary from person to person and one cannot define the benchmark for success.
For instance, take an example of a small cafe or restaurant which provides good food, elegant ambiance and great customer satisfaction. There may not be many people knowing about this place or it may not be that famous but still,it might have got loyal regular and happy customers and makes enough profit margin. The restaurateur can say that his business is running successfully as hes happy with the customers comments and decent profit his cafe is making.On the other hand, take an example of McDonalds, we all know how much popular it is across the globe and thousands of customers visit it daily , making the profits in millions. So if that small restaurateur looks at this success, he may get intimidated and must not have achieved the acap benchmarks as compared to resume McDonalds. Acap? Thus the argument would have been much more clearer if it explicitly gave examples of text article, a particular company and acap it’s benchmark considerations. Second,there are many organizations who do not even consider monetary gain to define their success. The happiness or the pleasure of giving back to society defines their success. Their benchmark and success would be summed by the no of people who have gained from here it . One such example is Teach for acap India. This organization was not established to make profits like most of the paper other organizations. They help children from all parts of India getting basic education with the aim of making everyone educated and make them stand on acap resume their own legs.
This may be success for them and this would be the case of many other similar organization. Are Writing About? So every person and organization may have different parameters to measure their success and results. For some, it may be money, for some it may be eternal happiness of helping others. If any such particular case would have been given or demonstrated, the author would have sounded bit more convincing. Finally, one cannot simply define the resume parameters of getting success or achieving results. This may vary from individual thinking and cannot be declared as the standard thumb rule.
So author should have specified it more clearly with examples. Essay? Making money may be success for one but not for other. Having satisfied feeling of helping and doing for people even at your own cost can be blissful for one but may be bitter for other. so what is the parameter , that author has assumed to define success or meeting results should have been mentioned explicitly. In conclusion, the argument is flawed for the above-mentioned reasons and is therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts supporting the various parameters he is considering to define success and meeting benchmarks .In order to assess the acap merits of article, a certain situation/decision, it is acap resume, essential to have full knowledge of all contributing factors. Without this information, the argument remains unsubstantiated and full text open to resume debate. Discoveries and inventions are not born from nothingness. If necessity is the mother of invention, then an equally competent father would be a combination of curiosity, scientific temperament, and research skills.
With the firm belief that I possess these skills, I aspire to fulfill my dream of pursuing advanced research in an application-oriented field, by obtaining my Master’s degree in Electrical engineering. As a stepping-stone towards this dream, I am pursuing my Bachelor of Technology degree in article, Electronics and resume Instrumentation Engineering from SRM University, ranked first among many private institutions in India. Writing On Present? This has laid a strong foundation for acap my graduate studies. There are two reasons why I believe that a graduate study in an esteemed university, such as yours, is necessary for a person aspiring for a research career. Firstly, working under the guidance of experts whose work would inspire and mould a student effectively into a creative and liberal thinker and researcher. Secondly, the world war one emphasis on acap resume independent learning is an ideal way of making students capable and knowledgeable in a specialization and essay keeping abreast of the acap latest technological developments. Keeping the aforementioned points in mind, I have chosen Signal Processing as my field of specialization. I believe that graduate studies in here attached resume, this area will help me achieve my career goals. I am fortunate to belong to a family that places my education as a top priority. I hail from an resume, upper middle class Indian family of advanced degree holders.
My late mother was a gazetted officer (high-ranked executive in Indian government and a member of Chamber of term paper editors british columbia, Commerce). My father is an administrative official in the Indian law ministry. My parents have been my role models in the way they have brought up my sister and me in acap resume, a conservative Indian society, with modern thoughts and progressive ideas. They have managed to editors british provide me with top quality education, rich cultural values and sowed the seeds of passion for higher education in me. My elder sister is acap, pursuing her PhD in are writing an essay theodore, Bio-engineering at Chicago and acap resume I have always admired her dedication and perseverance in her area of interest. I also have many cousins in the USA pursuing graduate studies or working as engineers in exciting fields. Their guidance and advice, along with constant motivation by the professor (Dr. Joselin Retna Kumar) who taught me Digital Signal Processing in college, strengthened my desire to pursue graduate studies. Dr. Kumar described his graduate years as one of his most fulfilling times, his passion resonated with me and I knew that conducting research geared towards creating knowledge was the academic and professional path I sought.
My enthusiasm to here participate in research on Signal Processing, and mainly Image Processing stemmed from my love for event photography. My curiosity to understand the gestures, relationships and actions involved in social events spiked my interest. I believe images allow us to store, retrieve, communicate, and acap resume transmit data and also serve as a medium to understand the world around us. In my opinion, one has to essay strike a balance between gaining technical knowledge and translating that into practical applications. Acap? I am confident about my ability and scientific acumen to apply the knowledge I gain and improve myself on a daily basis. Signal processing is the tool that would help us tackle daily challenges and simultaneously convey scientific solutions in universal jargon across varied sections of society. It is said that a picture speaks a thousand words and if you about roosevelt an understanding and analysis of each of them is very important. I wish to study in detail about image processing and computer vision, along with machine learning methods to frame new algorithms. Resume? The mathematics and science involved in this aspect are great in scope, and comprises of abundant uncharted areas for essay writing on present research.
I hope to integrate technologies from various fields, such as machine learning and algorithms, into image processing. With successful image processing, we can automate a lot of tasks such as medical surgeries and acap video surveillance using visuals – this is the driving force of my research. My innate passion to learn new concepts and my enthusiasm to apply them motivated me to seek relevant opportunities and gain hands-on experience. My first practical encounter with Electronics was during my sophomore year, when I built a ‘digital cymometer’ using a zero-crossing comparator. I converted sine, square, sawtooth, and other cycle waveforms to Transistor-Transistor Logic (TTL) form followed by term paper editors british micro-controller-based frequency computing. I optimized the code and algorithm to guarantee accuracy. This boosted my confidence to acap take up more challenging projects that included constructing a ‘traffic light control system’ using 89S51 micro-controller and building an ‘A/D and term paper editors D/A converter’ using basic components such as ICs, diodes, transistors, and resistors. Also, I successfully built an obstacle detector and a line-following robot using Arduino Uno as the acap micro-controller.
Such projects along with courses like Digital Signal Processing, Robotics and Automation, Power Electronics, and Microprocessor and Micro-controller bolstered my idea of pursuing graduate studies in this specialization. My interest in the field of signal processing has been instrumental in conceptualizing two very crucial, interdisciplinary projects that would directly impact our lifestyle and well being. The first one was designing a cost-effective temperature-controlled baby incubator, and incorporating an auditory system that would fill the essays on how world war one incubator with maternal heart sounds, while reducing background noise by employing microphones and speakers to capture and send audio signals. The biggest challenge was to ensure that the product’s efficacy and resume safety is obtained at an economical cost. Roosevelt? Currently, we are in talks with a hospital that would let us experiment with the prototype. The other significant project I undertook was to devise a stress meter using fuzzy logic and Case Based Reasoning (CBR). The concept involved developing a wearable galvanic skin response meter for sweat level monitoring in patients. Resume? This response meter will detect anxiety and stress levels. I analyzed hundreds of patient records to full text thesis article understand the usage behavior based on age, sex, occupation, and other parameters.
After successfully constructing the response meter, I wrote a paper describing my research, which I plan to submit to a relevant journal soon. Presently, I am trying to integrate a control action such as playing soft music when the person is under stress. My undergraduate capstone project is focused on replacing the repetitive pick and place motion performed by humans by an automatic material handling system. The proposed solution employs image-processing techniques along with a robotic arm using a universal gripper to classify and sort the objects on a running conveyor belt. The greatest supplement to my academic experience has been the opportunity to be part of service-learning. Acap Resume? Apart from maintaining my academic position within the top 5% students in my class, I have actively and zealously pursued my hobbies. ”One person’s life can influence the lives of an unbelievable number of people”, this is one of the most important lessons I learnt, being a part of a non-profit organization – Make A Difference (MAD).
I held major positions such as Finance Controller for MAD Chennai, and a mentor for children at risk. I was involved in tutoring underprivileged adolescents, managing finances, and counseling 11th and 12th graders towards a chosen career goal. In addition to if you an essay community service, extra-curricular activities and college clubs were a fundamental part of my education. My extensive involvement in various quizzes, concerts, technical and non-technical fests illustrate this. Along with singing, I am also a keen basketball and a throw-ball player. I have led my team in numerous tournaments and competitions. My interpersonal skills and leadership qualities helped me sustain through the varied roles and emerge out as a team player, every time. Having grown up in a country with a rich potpourri of ethnicity, diverse beliefs and religious practices, I have learned to appreciate the fact that racial harmony requires respect, tolerance and open-mindedness towards accepting cultural differences, rather than drawing comparisons or sensing disparities. Prevalence of a diverse and inclusive culture at SRM University has also improved my ability to work in diverse groups.
Each student brought his or her own unique cultural background and acap experience. Living and learning together instilled. self-confidence and a spirit of camaraderie within me. My undergraduate years have made me experience something similar to a Copernican inversion of war one started, my inner being. My quest for answers drove me towards reading and analyzing different scientific concepts, learn about the latest research in the field and think about the gaps in knowledge.
Seminars and conferences pushed me in the best ways to resume broaden, question, and to evolve my ideas and approaches suitably. I have always striven hard to achieve deep understanding of concepts in here attached resume, all the courses I took and the research projects I pursued. The research carried on signal processing under Dr. Charles Boncelet, Dr. Acap? Kenneth E. Barner and editors Dr. Gonzalo R. Arce and in particular the techniques concocted by them in the field of image processing best suits my pursuits. I believe that I possess the desire, the intellectual ability, and the preparation to do justice to a demanding graduate program and to make significant contributions to the ongoing research at your University as a student, as a researcher and as a teaching assistant. It is my belief that all success stories are built on partnerships, symbiotic relationships between the resume subject and people or entities that come in contact.
Similarly, the essence of university education lies in the success of the symbiotic relationship between the student, and his/her department. With your reputation in the field of my choice, I am sure working under you would be greatly beneficial to me. At the full text article same time, I am confident of acap, contributing meaningfully to the research endeavors at University of on how war one, Delaware. It is with this in resume, mind that I am looking forward to a long and rewarding relationship with you. The conclusion, recent surge in violence in the west of the city is started, because of shortage of police officers could be right, as a neighborhood prone to continuous violence requires an adequate number of police force to keep a check on resume those, who indulge in fomenting tension. However, to conclude that the only way to on present education end the problem of violence is, doubling the police force is resume, a serious mistake. To affect permanent peace requires more than doubling the police force, and essay writing system here the passage-writer makes a series of faulty conclusions about the problems in the west side of the city, and acap resume therefore suggests flawed solutions.
The first major flaw of the argument is comparing two sides of cities, without providing any clue if they are similar or different. If, the two sides of the city are similar, than a reduction in the budget and the police force in the north side, at least for a long time, is not advisable. However, if the north side of the city is not witnessing any violence due to on how war one started composition of the society, than perhaps, its budget and the police force is just adequate to maintain the peace. Therefore, before making a suggestion to acap reduce the budget and the police force in the north side of the city, only because there is no violence, a proper assessment of the term british probable eruption of violence should be conducted. The argument points towards few characteristic features of the west side of the city: lack of political leadership, people of different culture and acap society are living there, and mostly young population. Thus, creates a picture of a place with extremely high likelihood of violence. Further, to say that educational development and creating job opportunities are peripheral issues reinforces image of a place, where violence can be controlled by full force only. The problem with continuous low-intensity violence is acap, that sometimes it surges to a threatening level in very short period of time.
In the case of essay writing system, sudden surge in violence in any place, increasing the number of the police officer is only solution. But to deal with a place, as defined by the passage-writer requires some creative thinking. The lack of political leadership can be substituted by increasing dialogue among communities. The argument, the violence is also due to the lack of leadership is right. Had there been communities’ leaders available at the time of need, violence might not have surged to a threatening level. Thus, the city mayor should take steps to encourage dialogue among people of different culture and different faith. The mostly young population- the word, “young” is misleading, as it hides the actual age composition the society. However, if the word young refers to age group of 15 to 30, than the city mayor is right to acap focus on educational development and creating job opportunities- as idle youths often take to crime and violence. Sometimes, a problem requires multiple solutions; similar is the case of the violence. The argument errs to focus on only one aspect of the violence that is lack of enough police officers.
The city mayor has to look into various aspects of a problem. Thus, the city mayor is right to focus on educational development and creating job opportunities. Columbia? However, the mayor should take steps to increase dialogues among different communities, as only acap trust among communities ensures lasting peace. Get the best-selling MBA Book that the Top B-School Admission Officers are praising. Join thousands who've shattered the hype. Read more. What happens when the Management Consulting world meets the paper british Underworld? Read more. For Top B-schools. What are your chances of getting into the best MBA programs?
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resume writing scam If I told you that I’d critique and revise your resume for just $1, would you believe me? This is precisely what the resume writing service, OneBuckResume, promises. When you hover your mouse over the site’s Resume Builder tab, there’s even the grammatically incorrect promise “Use the patented $1 resume builder, and acap resume, we’ll complete your resume in term paper editors british, less than 5 minutes”. However, when you scroll through the site’s Terms Conditions (TC’s) box, it says the following: Resume Distribution: By clicking the acap resume checkbox below, you signify your acceptance of here attached resume, seven days of resume, free resume distribution services. IF YOU CONTINUE USING THE RESUME DISTRIBUTION SERVICE, YOUR CREDIT CARD WILL BE CHARGED $5.88 ONCE EVERY THIRTY DAYS THEREAFTER, UNLESS CANCELLED.
There is no way to not click the checkbox, since it signifies that you agree to abide by essay on present education the site’s TC’s. There is also no defined way to acap cancel the $5.88/month charge except by essay submitting support tickets through the site; no contact phone number or email is acap resume provided. Essays On How Started! Also, because the extra $5.88 monthly charge is acap resume posted on editors columbia the company’s site, this disclosure allows it to make the “Didn’t you read the acap resume TC’s?” rebuttal. However, as several Ripoff Report testimonials attest, the site also posts fake job postings on Craigslist and asks job applicants to use OneBuckResume to properly format their resumes prior to sending them off to the hiring company. Unsuspecting job applicants pay the $1 fee and send their resumes to the provided email- only to have those emails bounce back to them as unrecognized. On How World Started! After 7 days, the mysterious $5.88 monthly charges begin. Another resume site, TheLadders, was sued in district court on acap March 13, 2013 for not only posting fake, unauthorized and/or misleading $100K job opportunities but for also not delivering on its resume writing service promise.
TheLadders, as noted by Barbara Ward (the Plaintiff), …promised a free “expert resume critique” for its premium members. Writing On Present System! However, TheLadders did not actually review resumes that were submitted by its premium members. Resume! Instead…TheLadders sent its members a form letter that failed to on ethiopia provide any resume criticism responsive to members’ individual resumes. The sole purpose of the form letter was to up-sell members into useless paid resume re-writing services… Resume scams abound because, in this crappy economy, it’s very easy to take advantage of resume, people who are scrambling to find work. The scammers often play on people’s fears, telling them that their resumes lack important “action items” that will prevent them from being hired. Even when professionally written resumes are submitted to if you are writing an essay about these scam sites, they are ripped up and cited as needing extensive work. Of course, a scam site will naturally rip up any resume, even its own generated resume, in order to make a quick buck.
And the acap bucks, in this case, aren’t just $30 or $40; in an essay, the case of TheLadders, members who sent their resumes to be re-written were charged about $700! Where can you find legitimate resume writing services? Hardcore resume writers are often certified members of the National Resume Writers’ Association (NRWA) and/or the Professional Association of acap, Resume Writers Career Coaches (PARW/CC). Term Editors British Columbia! These writers don’t hide behind a resume writing site (although they may be employed by it); typically, you’ll find writer profiles and resume, work examples on the site’s “About Me/Us” page. The better resume writers will be industry-specific and have some kind of education or experience in here resume, their chosen focus (e.g., law). Granted, with almost everyone being online now, you are bound to resume have some online forms to fill out when you start working with a resume writing service. However, the writer working on your resume should contact you personally to obtain additional information from you. This typically includes several phone interviews spanning a total of 3-5 hours for a top-notch resume site.
Local agencies may also schedule you for an in-person session with the writer. Even a budget resume writer should speak with you personally for at least half an hour. Term British! Beware of acap resume, resume sites that are online only and essays on how world started, where you cannot reach anyone over the phone. Typically, this indicates that the acap writers (if any) are being paid slave wages by the site and have limited English language speaking/writing skills. While working with a “resume mill” does not exclude you from obtaining a meaningful resume, it will probably require that you do significant editing and formatting of your own document (this issue has been reported for essay on present education system the resume mill e-resume.net, which pays its writers Taco Bell wages for resumes worth $155). This negates much of the acap resume reasoning behind hiring a resume writer in the first place. Google knows all, as I like to say.
Before you consider working with any resume site, do a quick online search of that site with the essay on present word “scam” plugged into your search query. If you find testimonial after testimonial from dissatisfied customers or even records of a lawsuit, steer clear of that agency. Questions to acap ask before you pay any money. Even “good” resume writing sites can be riddled with issues. Before you hire any resume service to take on your resume, be sure to ask the following questions of the writer: 1. What are all the steps of this process and resume, associated fees?
Alternately: What do you charge per hour and acap resume, what does that cover? 2. What advantages do you personally offer when compared with other resume writers? 3. Can I speak with your previous clients and/or see their “before and after” resumes? If a writer cannot provide either, find another writer/service. 4. What guarantees do you offer (e.g., limitless revisions, money back if not satisfied)? Other things to keep in mind. As the potential client, you should expect a free evaluation of your resume before you plunk down any money. Once you become an actual client, however, up-front payment is required from most resume writing sites. Expect the entire resume critiquing to writing to revision process to on how war one started take anywhere from two weeks to even over resume, a month; good results don’t happen overnight (or in if you an essay about theodore, “less than 5 minutes”).
Finally, be sure to resume keep your receipt; resume writing services are viewed as a legitimate employment-seeking activity through the eyes of the IRS and are tax-deductible. I was offered a resume editing for on ethiopia $79 by paragon resumes? i haven’t seen any red flags, has anybody used them before? I used them last year, they were great. Paragon resumes and Australian resumes are the same company. They operate out of India and resume, they use the same website just with changed names, if you look at their testimonials, they are the same on both sites!!
DO NOT USE OVERSEAS OPERATORS PRETENDING TO BE AUSTRALIAN. I connected with Dillard and Associates about on ethiopia doing my resume. I gave them required documents, payment 11 days ago, and not so much a draft. I’ve emailed and acap resume, called, but they keep making excuses. If You An Essay Theodore Roosevelt! Spoke to owner today he claimed he emailed it, but when I told him there was nothing in acap, my box he changed up.
He keeps trying to hurry up and get off of if you theodore, phone. Trying to stay calm, but getting very irritated. Acap Resume! Unprofessional and I want my funds back. I have been fighting with e-resume for weeks… they simply refuse to make any changes to their first draft, which looks like an apocalypse at an ant farm, there is so much text jammed onto the page. Their response to every request is, “do it yourself”. Meanwhile, several potential employers have specifically told me that the resume e-resume gave me needs to be replaced, as it is unreadable. My advice is to find a local service through yelp rather than use any of the on-line companies. I’m a professional resume writer that worked with JC 3 years ago – just after my certifications. You are expected to maintain a daily quota of 3 or more ‘professional’ resumes per day at a payout of 25.00 per resume. I didn’t work for her very long, or any online company for full article that matter before I opened my own business. Acap! On line companies are a lot of hype.
They overcharge the client for little or no personalized services, such as one-on-one consultations and/or critiques and expect the writer to develop something beneficial to the client. Essays World War One Started! As a professional resume writer I can tell you – that’s ludicrous. Acap! There is NO way you can do that. On Ethiopia! For those serious about resume writing – join a nationally recognized affiliation such as the NRWA and start your own company. Don’t waste time degrading your professional image by being forced to put out shoddy work due to time restraints. Clients deserve our very best – and that’s what they pay for. You will always win by providing top-quality service at acap, a price that everyone can afford…and the referrals will definitely keep you busy. Glad to have learned so I can share with others.
Dawn, what is essay on ethiopia your site and or resume service contact information? I’d like to enquire about your services. You should let others know about it on as many reviews sites as possible. Resume! JC Resumes has morphed into text, TopResume which owned by Talent Inc which also owns JC Resumes which runs offers on Groupon. They contract out their work to freelancers and sometimes people get lost in the shuffle. TopResume is rated “F” by the BBB. Acap Resume! You can see their profile here: Here is an essay another scam.
Amazon, guaranteedresumes.net, Amazon Local, JC Resumes.com, J. Melissa Cooper, Resume2hire.com Discount resume service not such a deal. Company offers same price without offer. Internet. Amazon Local is offering $227 in resume services for $79. Offer tag B00LH56DGM. This may seem like an excellent deal until you look at acap resume, the total package. This offer is a ripoff for the following reasons:
1). The discount is on how war one started not real. You can see multiple resume websites run by resume J. Melissa Cooper here: J. Melissa Cooper created guaranteedresumes.net just for this deal. She sells resumes on resume2hire.com for on how war one started the following prices:
A resume costs $49.99. Cover letters are $29.99. Follow-up letters cost $9.99. Thank you letters are $9.99. So when you compare the regular price to resume the “Amazon” price instead of saving $148 (65%) like the ad says, you are saving $20.96 or 21% and since the term follow up letters and acap, thank you letters are the same for everyone you are really getting $79.98 worth of services for $79! A whopping savings of 98 cents. It’s like saying we give you 50% off of everything that is essays on how world started double priced. 2). The offer is not local. Amazon Local is for Local deals. guaranteeresumes.net is acap located in Naples, Florida although the deals are tagged local for essay New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Boston, Dallas as well as many other cities.
This is a deceptive as those who sign up for emails for these deals enter a city and zip code to receive deals from local vendors. To send them a deal that is tagged as local and resume, really hundreds of miles away creates distrust among users. 3). The offer includes a guarantee that is not a guarantee. It states, get an interview in 60 days or they will make a second new resume for free. First of all, if they can’t figure out thesis, how to create a resume that works and they waste 60 days of potential employment time, how are they going to create an effective resume later. It’s like saying if your plane crashes we will give you a new ticket out on the next flight!
Second of all, the guarantee is not redeemable. In order to qualify, you need to acap prove that you looked for a job. The only term paper editors columbia proof accepted is certified letter receipts or fax receipts. Acap Resume! No one looks for world started jobs using this method and it would cost nearly $200 to send out acap resume, certified letters to meet the requirement for a free rewrite. So in other words there is no real guarantee. They can say no one has used the guarantee because it is unrealistic and attached resume, unreasonable. The Better Business Bureau has indicated that this type of acap, guarantee advertising can be construed as deceptive. A company which offers a similar guarantee was cited by the BBB. Essay! You can see the Advertising Review here: http://www.bbb.org/central-florida/business-reviews/resume-service/azooscom-in-clermont-fl-13005931. 4).
This company does business under multiple names, but you can’t find who is in resume, charge. This company operates under different names and changes tactics when they get bad reviews. They started as Jaime Cooper Resumes, then J. Melissa, then JC Resumes. They operate Jaime Cooper Consulting, R2H, Inc., resume2hire.com, reszoome.com. The do not offer addresses, direct contact information, telephone numbers and register their domain names under proxies so they can’t be identified. 5). No phone support is term british offered. The pricing is acap listed similar to services offering full interview, editing and finalization services.
In this service, you submit your information and deal only by email. You can not choose your writer, discuss your needs or get advice. The information you provide is poured into a template, edited and returned to you with a generic thank you letter and follow up letter. It’s like ordering a discounted grand piano and upon arrival the package is the here attached size of a tissue box (this has happened and acap, was justified because the here picture in the ad said “actual size”). In the resume end, you can imagine the time a writer has to produce 4 documents at full, an average pretax pay of $30.
Beware of resume, potential quality issues. The good news is that Amazon backs all their transactions. If you have any concerns about here attached this purchase, contact Amazon directly to determine your recourse. I recently used the service of a so called SCAM site: They also offered a 14 day-trial for acap 1$ + 3.95$ and in very fine-print say that you will be charged 34.95$ per month if you don’t cancel your auto-subscription. You never receive a warning or receipt for this “additional” auto subscription and after seeing this on my credit card billing, I talked to their customer service who simply refer me to their terms of service and if you are writing, eventually did not even answer me. This is terrible customer service, intentional misdirection and misleading. Beware of acap, resumegenius.com – It’s a scam site that will auto-charge your credit card without your approval and term editors, without notifying you at all. Thanks for the information, Gilad! Hopefully, ITT readers will take note of this site as well.
Offers a 14-day trial for resume $1.95 but charges $34.95 a month unless membership is cancelled. Auto billing is automatic once you sign up for free trial. BEWARE. Thanks for on ethiopia a superb post. I agree that NRWA and resume, PARW/CC membership are definitely a good sign. I would also check the company’s info on the BBB website. Usually, bad resume services tend to leave a long trail of consumer complaints and full article, that’s a huge warning sign. I've Tried That was started in 2007 to help protect consumers from acap resume, falling victim to online scams.
We've written hundreds of resume, articles, received millions of page views, and acap, have stopped a countless amount of money from falling into the wrong hands. 2017 I#039;ve Tried That. All Rights Reserved.
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2017 MBA Essay Questions: Duke Fuqua. 2017 Duke Fuqua Full-Time MBA Essay Questions Class of 2020. They#8217;re keeping the resume, questions the same again which is kinda good, since they#8217;re decent questions, but it#8217;s kinda disappointing, given how all the if you are writing about roosevelt, other schools are working so hard to innovate. It could be said that Duke was an early adopter of the more innovative form of bschool essay, with their 25 Random Things list, and we do concede that that#8217;s a great question which applicants tend to have fun with, and acap resume, which can reveal a lot about a person. But#8230;. keeping the status quo is kinda communicating that Duke is fine with how things are going, and it just seems like they#8217;re a little bit stalled out and stagnant right now.
Granted, they hit #3 on full text article the BusinessWeek rankings in acap resume, 2016, so who is the #8216;Snark to an essay about roosevelt, say? Anyway, here are those questions that you#8217;ll be tackling: Three short-answer questions of up to 500 characters each (please note we said CHARACTERS and not WORDS yes these need to be SHORT): What are your short-term goals, post-MBA? What are your long-term goals? Life is acap full of uncertainties, and plans and circumstances can change. As a result, navigating a career requires you to be adaptable. World. Should the short-term goals that you provided above not materialize what alternative directions have you considered? Duke is pretty much the only school that invites you to present a #8220;Plan B#8221; for your career goals. For most other applications you#8217;ll want to focus on just one set of acap, goals. Two essays; we recommend not going more than perhaps 750 words at essay, the most for each. Please please please don#8217;t go down to acap resume, 10-point font even though they say that you can.
See the an essay, full set of requirements around essay length and formatting and acap, the questions in their entirety as posted on the Duke application website . [A very involved preamble, then:] [T]he Admissions Committee also wants to get to paper editors, know you—beyond the professional and academic achievements listed in your resume and transcript. You can share with us important life experiences, your likes/dislikes, hobbies, achievements, fun facts, or anything that helps us understand what makes you who you are. Share with us your list of #8220;25 Random Things#8221; about YOU. [Another preamble about acap resume Fuqua, then:] Based on your understanding of the writing on present system, Fuqua culture, how do you see yourself engaging in and contributing to our community, outside of the acap resume, classroom? That second question is quite similar to what Wharton is asking, and it#8217;s also got a lot of parallels with Columbia essay 2 as well as with the MIT pre-interview #8220;mission#8221; essay. Duke was the paper, first to start with this type of question, so you can see how they#8217;ve put an emphasis on acap resume culture for a long time. Our Duke 2017 MBA Application Guide is education ready to help you #8212; it covers everything that this school likes to see in an application!
Duke Daytime MBA Deadlines Class of 2020. Remember, regardless of acap resume, which round you intend to apply in you can get on campus from September 11 to October 5 to take advantage of their Open Interview period #8212; which is highly recommended!! Early Action (binding): September 12, 2017 Round 1: October 10, 2017 Round 2: January 3, 2018 (ouch that hurts this one is IMMEDIATELY after the holiday the only one worse is Ross) As with other schools, we don#8217;t suggest apply in Round 3 at Duke and in fact, if you#8217;re an international applicant, they won#8217;t let you due to thesis, visa issues. That being said: In recent years, Duke said they were still accepting applications even after their Round 3 deadline had passed. Acap. Which is weird, and, we feel, not entirely fair. Term Paper Editors. It#8217;s pretty darned difficult to get in then. Were they really trying to resume, say that they didn#8217;t have enough good candidates for their class at that late date? When every other school out on how world started, there was turning away well-qualified applicants right and left all season?
Hmmm. Acap. EssaySnark is not a fan of this. Check out the Duke Essay Guide for 2017 to learn more on here attached rounds, interviewing, and acap, multi-school strategies including Duke Fuqua! Duke has two phases of interviews: the essay on present system, Open Interview Period when anybody can come to acap resume, campus and interview at will; and the By-Invitation Interview Period. If You Are Writing Theodore Roosevelt. EssaySnark strongly recommends that everyone go through the Open Interview; it#8217;s a huge opportunity and acap, if you#8217;re serious about Fuqua you won#8217;t miss out on it! This year#8217;s Open Interview Period is September 7 to October 5, 2017; see details at Duke#8217;s Interview Process page . You do not need to apply in the Early Action round in on how world, order to take advantage of the Open Interview; applicants planning on submitting at any time may do so. You really should consider it. Duke Student Blog this used to be an dedicated admissions blog but now it#8217;s just a topic of posts on resume the student blog. System. It still has some useful info for resume BSers so we#8217;ll leave the link.
Hmmm#8230; Not much there huh? Duke just isn#8217;t the most social media savvy school we#8217;ve ever encountered. We#8217;ve reviewed a number of Duke essays on the blahg: The Duke adcom looks for the same strong career goals and on ethiopia, personal angles as Ross and other schools, so check these reviews out for some additional guidance: In terms of the Fuqua Principles, you might want to acap resume, peruse some posts we#8217;ve written about Berkeley: Haas and culture and A BSer is sick of the #8220;culture#8221; shtick. For Reference: Duke#8217;s Past-Season MBA Essays Analysis. We don#8217;t have every year listed out separately here since Duke has kept nearly the same essays and essay, requirements for many years running. Click to resume, view 2016 info.
Duke used pretty much the same questions, as they have been doing for many years now. Resume. In 2016, they cleaned up the #8220;culture/contribution#8221; prompt which made it easier to tackle for resume Class of 2019 applicants compared to essay writing education, what previous crops of acap, BSers had to deal with. We#8217;ve done lots of posts on essay writing on present system the Duke essays over the years, so that#8217;s an advantage, too! 2016 Early Action and Open Interviews. The most important thing to know about Duke right now?
That they offer OPEN INTERVIEWS on campus in late summer, for acap a rather short window of time. It#8217;s HIGHLY RECOMMENDED that everyone regardless of which application round you#8217;re aiming for makes plans for a trip out to Durham for this opportunity. We discuss the reasons why in our Duke app guide. Duke Early Action is binding, however they have a standard Round 1 that follows only a few weeks later. An Essay Theodore. If you#8217;re not fully convinced that Fuqua is the place for you, then stick with Round 1 but if you are ready to resume, commit, then Early Action can be a real advantage. [end discussion of early-season 2016 info] Click to view 2015 questions. Last year#8217;s questions (these are old) Excellent.
Duke has kept its same questions for 2015 except that they#8217;re giving you more space in the important Career Goals short-answer questions. YAY DUKE!! Our Fuqua strategy guidecovers everything you need to if you an essay roosevelt, know on acap tackling these questions and the essays. Three short-answer questions just 250 characters each #8212; NOW 500 CHARACTERS EACH! THAT#8217;S HUGE! You#8217;ll be able to actually pitch a complete career path now. What are your short-term goals, post-MBA? What are your long-term goals?
Life is full of uncertainties, and plans and circumstances can change. Full Text Article. As a result, navigating a career requires you to be adaptable. Acap. Should the short-term goals that you provided above not materialize what alternative directions have you considered? Two essays, up to two double-spaced pages each: [T]he Admissions Committee also wants to get to know you—beyond the term editors british columbia, professional and academic achievements listed in your resume and transcript. You can share with us important life experiences, your likes/dislikes, hobbies, achievements, fun facts, or anything that helps us understand what makes you who you are. Share with us your list of resume, #8220;25 Random Things#8221; about term british columbia YOU. Acap Resume. Choose one: When asked by your family, friends, and colleagues why you want to go to attached, Duke, what do you tell them? Share the reasons that are most meaningful to acap resume, you. Are Writing About Theodore Roosevelt. [A very involved question asking you to understand the resume, 6 Fuqua Values and then:] At the end of your 2 years at Fuqua, if you were to receive an award for exemplifying one of the paper editors, 6 Principles listed below, which one would it be and why? Your response should reflect your knowledge of Fuqua and the Daytime MBA program and experience, and the types of activities and leadership you would engage in acap resume, as a Fuqua student. Very minor changes to the wording of that option #2 question: They deleted the phrase #8220;should reflect the research you have done.#8221; Hmmm. Interesting, Duke!
For the career goals, Duke is pretty much the only school that invites you to present a #8220;Plan B.#8221; For most other applications you#8217;ll want to stick with just ONE set of goals. It#8217;s tough enough to convey those in the limited space the schools allow!! At least now, Duke has recognized that their requirements were a little overly restrictive before. You have a fighting chance this year, Brave Supplicant! You#8217;re applying at like the best time ever. #128521; Also, that second question sure does have traces of Berkeley-Haas lingering around it! Unsurprising.
Both of these schools have a distinct focus on culture, and both want you to on ethiopia, understand what that culture is about before applying. The risk with the second option for essay 2? You could come across a little stilted if you try too hard. Resume. Check out the Duke Essay Guide to learn more. Early Action (binding): September 15, 2015 (two days earlier than 2014) Round 1: October 14, 2015 (almost a week earlier than last year) Round 2: January 5, 2016 (same day as last season) Even though Round 3 is closed, they#8217;re accepting apps on a rolling basis until April 25 (with decision coming on May 6 are they saying that they would really be able to admit you in if you are writing an essay about roosevelt, that little time. we don#8217;t suggest trying now) [end discussion of Fuqua#8217;s last year questions] Click to view 2014 questions. Duke won our informal Best MBA Questions contest for resume two years in a row (2012 and 2013) their essay questions are awesome! We#8217;ve therefore been thrilled that they#8217;ve kept them exactly as they are for so long including this year! They keep resisting the full thesis article, urge to make changes just because all the acap, other schools are changing. Bravo, Fuqua! #128512; [end discussion of essay on ethiopia, Duke#8217;s 2014 application] We#8217;ve got the 2016 SnarkStrategies Guide for Duke available to help you craft a strong strategy for this great school! 2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from scratch to acap, help you with the full thesis article, 2017 app!
The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to help you with the nine short-answer options and your career goals! The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and the 'introduce yourself' video. Acap. The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the 25 Random Things essay and term british, all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and strategies for your Class of 2020 app. Resume. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on The 'Snark. I think that the reviewer raised a lot of good points, but a) three pages of feedback on a 250 word . Essay. As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to my pitch in order to maximize my . Acap. What were we snarking about at this time in writing education system, past years? 2016 : ($) If you get fired, do you need to resume, tell the adcom? 2016 : Good luck for HBS applicants! 2014 : Did you just discover EssaySnark? 2013 : Success Story!
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Custom Brazil essay paper writing service. Brazil is one of the countries that show stable and resume rapid growth in their promising development. It has a dramatic history of the efforts to build a new country with decent future. This research study discusses the important domestic task of the Brazilian administration. It highlights the position of the country in term paper editors, the 20 th century. It embraces all the movements and political events that took place within the country in the years of economical and social decrease.
It also tells about acap resume, great achievements that were made by the country at the beginning of the 21 st century. It illustrates the country’s road to development through proper measures taken by its president Lula. The paper discusses the resume attempt of modernization policy, which also contributed to increase of Brazil’s international prestige. Position of acap resume, Latin America. It may be the true that Latin America is experiencing one of the essay on ethiopia most fascinating phases in its history. We can state this because the continent witnesses constant economic and stable growth.. Latin America stepped onto the path of modern economic growth in the second half of the 20 th century. In general, that time was a period of unprecedented political stability. South American countries have been able to found their own requirements that meet a specific model of the development. Acap? The result of this process was as follows: the countries of Latin America have strengthened their independence; conducted the reforms in agriculture; established the right direction of the export industry, and displaced the imported goods; created new modern social and economic infrastructures; improved the macroeconomic regulations; managed to mobilize their own resources.
Moreover, they applied the practice of the countries with high developed economy to local experiences. It was achieved by the wide use of the capital and technologies offered by developed countries. Each country specializes in the export of one or two raw materials and products, which directly affects its welfare. Ecuador exports oil and bananas, Bolivia - tin and natural gas, Colombia coffee and oil, Peru - ferrous metals, Venezuela - oil, Chile copper and fruit, Argentina - meat, wool, and wheat, Brazil - iron ore, coffee, cocoa, and soy (Buvinic Mazza, 2004). The industrial development in Latin America has been linked mainly to mining. Also, the production of environmentally unsound and labor-intensive minerals and raw materials has been moved from the thesis developed countries to Latin America. For example, there are major copper smelters in Chile, factories that enrich tin ore and smelters that produce tin in Bolivia, as well as oil refineries in Venezuela. In countries all over Latin America, the acap resume leading sector of the attached resume economy is acap, combined with a backward agriculture. Resume? Despite rapid economic growth, the countries still have a big external debt, which defines the dependent position of the whole continent in the world economy and leads to acap the situation when economic inequalities create intense social conflicts. Brazil in the 20th Century.
Only two countries have managed to build a relatively diverse industry. Essay Writing On Present Education? Brazil is acap, one of them. It managed to develop the automobile and even the aviation industry. Brazil has provided its citizens with the nuclear power plants, it produces computers and military equipment. Brazil is a great example of the country of Latin America that has taken all necessary measures for raising the country from the poverty to leadership in South America and globally. Brazil as a Country with a Huge Stock of Raw Materials. The formation of the world order is accomplished not only by attached developed nations. Acap? Countries which are not included into the world elite, but are growing rapidly are capable of exerting the international influence. On Ethiopia? Brazil is the South American leader that has applied for acap, a new role in the global economy and politics. Its economic dynamics and international hyperactive evidence this.
Brazil is here, a strong leadership in Latin America. Lula, who won the title of world's most popular president, focuses on interaction with other rising giants. However, the socio-economic position of Brazil was not always as we know it today. Acap Resume? It came through different reforms and essays world war one started struggles. Throughoutthe 20 th century, Brazil was looking for solutions in its development.
The country with a huge stock of raw materials and resume a great potential found proper solutions only at the turn of the 20 th and 21th centuries. Brazil in the First Half of the 20th Century. The great influence on the development of the Brazil’s economy had the World War I, in which Brazil participated on the side of the Entente since 1917. The growth of the industry in the country was encouraged by the lack of industrial goods and on how difficulty of resume, obtaining them from abroad. After the thesis article World War I, middle and lower urban strata became more involved in the political life of the country. At that time, there were first major strikes and demonstrations of the urban proletariat. Those years were characterized by activity of the acap widespread political movement organized by the middle and junior officers. They campaigned against the economic and political authority of the traditional oligarchy. The Lieutenants Uprising took place in thesis, 1922, which was during the period of the oligarchic republic. It did not lead to any significant changes in the social structure of Brazil. Yet, it was a warning.
Eventually, the ruling oligarchy could not withstand the acap severe crisis of global capitalism in 1929. As a matter of term paper columbia, fact, the sharp decline in the economic activity was brought by the economic crisis of 1929-1933. The economic crisis led to further aggravation of the social and political contradictions. In October 1930, as a result of the armed rebellion, Liberal Alliance came to power. Resume? It was supported mainly by the bourgeoisie and middle strata of the state. Getulio Vargas Dornellas became the President and kept the position of the on ethiopia Alliance until 1945. By 1940, the industrial production had increased very significantly, but coffee production declined. Yet, in order to save the interests of the old oligarchy, the government invested heavily in the production of coffee, which continued to be the main export product of Brazil.
During the acap World War II, the essays on how war one started Brazilian industry obtained the further growth and development. The population of the country greatly increased. The proportion of people living on wages increased as well. After the World War II, the resume regime of essay writing on present, personal dictatorship of Vargas was destroyed by the raise of the democratic movement. Shortly after this, political parties were re-established and parliamentary and presidential elections were held.
In 1946, a new constitution of the resume liberal-democratic character was adopted. Social Movements and Political Events after the World War II. In the 1950s, Brazil intensified the process of substitution of imported goods by local production. The import was difficult because of the lack of currency. Here Attached Resume? The country managed to create and sustain the development of such industries as automotive, electrical, and electronic. The huge step was done in the manufacture of energy, civil construction, and road construction .A new capital of the country, Brasilia, was built. On the one hand, Brazil had a stable and quick development of its infrastructure and industry. Acap? On the other hand, the development of the economy to a large extent was due to foreign investment, and was accompanied by a huge rise in the external debt. In turn, the domestic investment was low, which generated inflation. All these events and inadequate actions by the government have contributed to the aggravation of class contradictions of the Brazilian society and constant growth of essay on ethiopia, social tension. In the acap country, mass political movements were organized, where the most active position was taken by are writing an essay theodore roosevelt trade union.
Youth also did not want to stand aside from the events within the country. Student leagues and other organizations were seeking to exert greater influence on political decisions. The nationalist movement that fought for social and economic reforms got popular, too. The country was filled with the internal political struggles. As a result, the country faced the change of the authority under the military force. A new political regime, led by the military person, came to power. Brazil in the Second Half of the 20th Century. Since the middle of the 70s, the process of resume, liberalization in politics was gradually gaining strength. During that process, the country saw the recovery of political rights. political refugees were allowed to come back. The pressure increased from people who demanded the return of democracy.
As a result, governors were elected by direct vote in 1982. It was a beginning of the policy based on democratic values. Additionally, a wave of demonstrations in support of the direct presidential elections took place. “Brazil has experienced significant changes in the twentieth century (involving industrialization, urbanization, the integration of previously isolated regions, and patterns of demographic change dominated by essays on how started the population movements), but also confronts historical continuity in the form of trenchant social inequalities” (Davila, Sachs, Wilheim, Pinheiro, 2009). Resume? The organized civil society of the middle class and students played a critical role in the process of the significant changes in the Brazil. They made the contribution to the living spirit of the country’s life. The population began to hope that politics and power can be ethical. They expected great changes. Brazil at the End of the 20th and at the Beginning of 21st Centuries. Brazil Has a Special Place on the International Scene.
Today, Brazil is completely different from the country that we knew in the 20 th century. Brazil is one of the countries that have a special place on the international scene. Brazil’s natural and human resources, its level of economic development , as well as its science and on ethiopia technology equal those found in the leading countries of the acap new world system that has developed in the 21 st century. Moreover, it has a decent place among developed countries in the interaction of the text thesis regional and global affairs. However, the purposeful tendency of Brazil in the world trade, and in resume, economic and political space has been a relatively recent phenomenon, attributed to deep inner transformation and changes that have occurred in the last two decades. It is the economic and full text political changes that ensured the rise and modernization of the country. The latter has become possible due to application of many measures. Above all, this result has been brought by active participation of the country in creation of the modern architecture of international economic and financial relations. Brazil, a country with a great potential, has woken up. The country did it in the geo-economic and geopolitical sense. A lot of facts evidence the success of the development of the country.
It holds the firm position on the key issues of world politics. Resume? It has strong relationship with other countries of Latin America and participation in the Great Twenty. It maintains fruitful cooperation with other potential countries characterized with rapid development such as Russia, India, and China. Achievements of resume, Brazil in the Last Century. Brazil had a lot of achievements during the last century. They were mixed with the positive and negative consequences for acap, the country. However, the country achieved its most significant success in the period between 2003 and2010.
It was during the period of presidency of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. He established clear goals for the development of his country. The president said that by 2020 Brazil would be, as a minimum, the here attached fifth economy in the world (Brainard Martinez-Diaz, 2009). This defines the vector and sets guidelines for acap, the further ascent of the Brazilian State. The great results and output of the current country’s achievements as a new stage of the development were not fast and simple. The time period over 500 years of this country’s existence was full of essay education system, social upheavals and economic failures. By the end of the 20 th century, the outcomes of those events had led to the formation of a difficult situation in which the country faced profound economic imbalances, mass poverty, total corruption, and extreme social inequality. All of those were accompanied by acap resume political instability. However, after those internal problems and dramatic events, the modernization process started that produced tangible positive results for the country over a short period of time.
Brazil’s Way to the Economic Growth. The recent success in economics of the term paper editors british country is the result of the transition to a model with the open economy and structural reforms since the early 1990s. It is also necessary to note that the country made significant transformation in the direction towards modernizing its entire economic mechanism. As a result of the macroeconomic strategic decisions, the national economy has not only acap resume got rid from the uncontrolled inflation, but also acquired a new dimension and quality. It is important to here attached select the main structural changes that have taken place in resume, the last two decades and have shaped the modern look of the Brazilian economy. In 1997-2000, the core of the economic transformation was the privatization of the most inefficient state enterprises. Brazil was ranked first in the world in the amount of income derived from the transfer of state property into private hands.
The biggest act of privatization in Latin America was privatization of the telephone company that brought to paper editors british columbia the treasure 19 billion dollars (Brainard Martinez-Diaz, 2009). Acap? It was the third large privatization in the world. Development of Different Branches of Industry. There was a significant increase in the role of the advanced manufacturing industry. It was a result of the efficient government policy. The government rightfully identified and supported the full strategic direction of development in acap, the sphere of production of war one started, capital goods, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, and software. Special attention was paid to acap the improvement of technological culture production. By the end of the first decade of this century, the local production provided 90% of the demand for industrial products, including more than 80% for machinery and equipment.
There was a rapid development of the high-tech industry, in particular aircraft building. The Embraer is the third largest aircraft manufacturer. It is smaller only to such great corporations as Boeing and Airbus. The significant position was occupied by the mining industry. The country is the essay on ethiopia world's first producer of iron ore.
It has large reserves of acap resume, manganese and tantalum. Writing On Present? As a matter of fact, the weak point of the national economy was the energy sector. The solution to this problem was found by diversifying energy sources and increasing the energy resource base. The development of the new oil fields is resume, going to play a key role in the further development of the country. Brazil became the essays on how world started record for acap resume, deep-water drilling and makes the production at a depth of up to 3 thousand meters.
According to the statement of Lula, Brazil has discovered oil reserves that contain approximately 50 billion barrels. On How World? Through such development of the country, it may become one of the world leaders in the future, as well as the resume largest producer and full text thesis article exporter of hydrocarbons. One of the main advantages of Brazilian economy is a highly developed and acap resume diversified agricultural sector. Since 1991, when there was a liberalization of prices for basic agricultural commodities, agricultural production has been growing at a steady pace. Global Trade and Social Development.
Measures of the Government to Support and attached resume Promote Agriculture. It should be noted that the acap resume government has taken serious measures to support and promote agriculture. It devised a program of agricultural credit on favorable terms. Specific progress has been made in the cultivation of soybeans. On Ethiopia? The collection of soybeans has increased four times for the last two decades. This result is second only to resume that in the USA.
Other impressive results were achieved in production of poultry, beef, citrus and other products. Now, the country covers their food need through the domestic production at 92% (Buvinic Mazza, 2004). This percentage trend is going to grow up. Brazil has become intone of the leaders of the world’s producers and exporters of food. The country has become one of the guarantors of global food security. Involvement of the Country in the International Trade. The important feature of the restructuring of the on how world started Brazilian economy is a significantly increased value of foreign trade in national development strategies.
The liberal economic reforms of the 1990s coincided with the process of globalization. The country became involved in the international trade and economic exchanges, and was forced to adapt to the strict requirements of the global market. This meant that an intelligent and efficient export promotion policy was needed for the compensation of the inevitable growth of import purchases. Acap? The President of the country announced that the growth of the foreign trade was a strategic priority in its macroeconomic policies. The authorities have significantly reduced the number of clearly excessive regulations on export activities in order to simplify the trade (Buvinic Mazza, 2004). Attention of the Authorities to the Urgent Social Problems. The characteristic feature of the President Lula’s activity is the attention of authorities to the urgent social problems. Since 2003, the program whose main goal is to fight hunger has been implemented. The realization of this program is very important for the country. The authorities of the country remember that at the beginning of writing on present education, this century about a third of Brazilian population had lack of food. Half of rural residents had incomes less than one dollar per day.
The situation was particularly unreasonable due to the success of the Brazilian agriculture and increase of the acap food exports. The presence of large hunger, poverty and text thesis article misery in the country divided the nation into two opposing parts. The aforementioned economic chasm generated blatant social inequality, excluded the tens of millions of resume, Brazilians out of the market economy, and full text thesis article caused mass crime. This is why the fight against hunger was written into acap resume, the general policy of the national security and was seen as a necessary tool to promote the country on system, the path of economic and social progress. This program does not mean the usual distribution of acap resume, food. It has a comprehensive and multi-level nature, necessary for changing the face of Brazil and includes three groups of social projects. There were developed programs that were aimed to directly support the most vulnerable families. They included the organization of paper editors british columbia, alternative channels of selling products to resume needy citizens, providing a minimum rent, free school meals, and the establishment of consumer cooperatives. Measures were taken to provide access to the education and health care; eliminate illiteracy; improve pensions and decrease the unemployment rate among the poor and needy (Havighurst, 2008). The growing economic power of full, Brazil has allowed it to speak at regional and global levels in a stronger position and clearly claim to a significant role in global affairs.
Now, there are many reasons to talk about the new geo-economic and geo-political parameters of the international positioning of the Brazilian State. One of the acap resume key political challenges of the country is the consolidation of paper, South American Nations. The prime goal is to deepen the resume bilateral relations with neighboring countries and strengthen the development of effective regional institutions that can enhance the centripetal tendencies. It is if you are writing an essay theodore roosevelt, necessary for the government of the country to give a new impetus to the integration process and to resume increase the influence of Latin America on the world stage. Do you want to get an.
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