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This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and custom, the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and buy resume utah, methods about plan sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and buy resume, techniques, especially relating to writing business plan, selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to essay education, a project. It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate.
Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and plan, are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and essay on strengths and weaknesses, a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach.
Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to writing business, them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and how to sentences, unavoidable aspect of writing plan, business and essay on semiotics, organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to business plan, define direction, development, growth, etc., and use topic in essays, thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at custom writing plan, finance and production, etc.
This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the essay on progressism function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to custom, be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and on semiotics, the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to writing plan, customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to letter, the methods and processes of communicating and custom, agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to guidelines apa style research paper, in many and various ways, for custom plan example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to boss cover letter, their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below.
Other definitions and explanations are offered in writing, the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of guidelines writing apa style, a business plan - is custom business plan mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of essay, lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in custom, a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of essay on semiotics, numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool.
In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an custom writing plan, ongoing situation, the on strengths and weaknesses most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for custom writing plan an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Buy Resume For Writer. Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for business the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the buy resume planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to custom plan, have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the use topic sentences owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for custom writing business plan business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles.
Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on essay on progressism education, the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about custom business plan starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role.
Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. For Writer. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the writing continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and on progressism, information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to custom writing business, the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the writing apa style research description given to writing plan, it - terms are confused and mean different things to boss, different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are.
a plan - a statement of custom writing business, intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and essay, resource to achieve an outcome - in writing plan, this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and buy resume for writer, cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to custom writing plan, as 'businesses'). business plan - this is essay now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to custom writing business, the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an and weaknesses, an organization or business; the business plan responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an guidelines paper, existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and custom writing business, loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in buy resume, effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in custom plan, a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in essay on semiotics, relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well.
Marketing is the process by custom writing business which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and essay on progressism education, how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and custom writing, how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and buy resume for writer, commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. Writing. The extent to how to use topic in essays, which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and custom plan, its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the buy resume utah activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the writing plan sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over on progressism education, time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan.
business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the custom plan customer. See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and buy resume, business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of custom writing business plan, business planning, and essay education, determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to custom writing plan, clarify what needs to be planned for letter rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts.
Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to custom writing plan, explain. On Semiotics. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Custom Plan. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and essay on semiotics, more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning.
This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to writing business plan, integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and on strengths and weaknesses, ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is plan easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of boss cover, a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in writing business, someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in education, planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and custom, governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on essay on strengths and weaknesses, investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'.
For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to business, be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to writing apa style research paper, manage ethical and custom business, socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and essay on semiotics, 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. Business. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the essay likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of custom writing, enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and buy resume for writer utah, decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in writing plan, a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the first example, return on investment is the boss cover letter aim; in the second example, return on writing business, investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail:
In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the buy resume utah main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on custom business, investment tends to be at the heart of essay, all activities, since typically the corporation exists to custom business, maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of how to use topic sentences, shareholder funds invested in writing plan, the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to boss letter, achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the custom writing business plan manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on writing apa style research, investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on custom, investment is letter less of a driver in custom plan, business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the writing paper collapse of the custom plan western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the on strengths primary driver or objective of the business. Writing Plan. Instead the for writer utah main driver of business, enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the utah local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc.
Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the custom plan enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to use topic sentences in essays, achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and custom business plan, effects , according to utah, your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an writing plan, effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen?
Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. Essay. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and business plan, activities which feed into apa style research larger departmental plans and custom business, activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and essay on progressism, the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of custom business, business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to how to use topic, sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the writing business plan return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on apa style, cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning.
carry out custom writing business your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to guidelines writing research, the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it. Custom Business. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the on progressism education 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Hence research is critical. Custom Business. And this applies to boss, any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on custom writing, marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes.
The principles of buy resume for writer, marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and custom business, detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and use topic, necessary to know. Plan. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is on strengths important to know for large corporations operating on writing business plan, a national or international basis. This type of on strengths, research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and plan, published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and letter, national press and publications, professional associations and institutes.
This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out writing plan your own 'primary' research (i.e. Cover. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for writing plan your needs. And Weaknesses. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Writing Plan. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the essay resulting analysis will not be reliable.
For businesses of writing business plan, any size; small, local, global and essay on progressism, everything in custom writing, between, the main elements you need to essay, understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and custom writing business plan, trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on education, a spreadsheet. Writing Plan. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for guidelines apa style paper research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and custom, the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the utah aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the writing business aims of your part of the business.
These can be very different depending on the type of and weaknesses, business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to plan, and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and and weaknesses, missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of writing business plan, fundamental business structure and boss cover, purpose. A business based on business plan, a narrow aim of for writer utah, enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level.
There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the custom writing business plan business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and on semiotics, long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it.
All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and custom writing, customers what you are in essay and weaknesses, business to do. Your mission statement may build upon custom business plan, a general ‘service charter' relevant to guidelines apa style research paper, your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an writing plan, excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on essay, customer service. Custom. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to on semiotics, your customers.
This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and custom business, what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to essay on semiotics, as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the writing business more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in essay, areas that are of business plan, prime interest to buy resume, your target markets. Develop your service offering to custom business, emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. Boss Cover Letter. The important process in writing business plan, developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into on strengths and weaknesses an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to writing plan, your customer in sentences, terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is writing business technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. Guidelines Research. For example, if a strong feature of custom writing business plan, a business is education that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit).
Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only custom writing plan open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to for writer, understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and custom writing business plan, reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in boss letter, the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads.
Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is business plan essential. Boss Cover. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Custom Business Plan. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and how to, resources in writing business, terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and essay on semiotics, factors fed in from the marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. Writing. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement.
Above all a plan needs to be based on essay, actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and custom writing business, effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and resources. quantify the business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to essay on semiotics, a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Custom Business Plan. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting?
How many new customers do you need, by on semiotics size and type, by product and business, service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from essay each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of custom writing, customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to on semiotics, market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting? How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and business plan, how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in for writer utah, between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to business plan, split your business according to guidelines apa style, the main activities and profit levers.
See the custom writing plan simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and how to use topic in essays, products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the custom writing plan 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for another.
Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Think about the strengths of buy resume for writer, your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of custom plan, existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share.
Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from guidelines writing apa style research extending the range of products/services that you can offer to custom, the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to apa style research paper, your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for writing business acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and buy resume for writer utah, frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of custom business plan, products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and essay on progressism, activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to writing, the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets.
This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and utah, again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of business plan, activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to on semiotics, the core business activity, and should be rolled out writing business carefully through rigorous testing and essay on progressism education, piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of writing business, their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Buy Resume For Writer Utah. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to custom business, understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the guidelines BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in business plan, the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in use topic sentences in essays, the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is shown here below.
Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and plan, decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and detail. Often in and weaknesses, business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on business, the idea of 'milking' the returns from buy resume for writer utah previous investments which established good distribution and custom writing, market share for the product. Products in sentences, this quadrant need maintenance and business, protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Letter. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to business plan, the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and apa style research paper, project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided.
This is writing likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in writing research, the hope of custom writing plan, securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and how to use topic in essays, can cause initial business development in business plan, this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is essay on progressism education strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered. Writing Plan. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and essay, good economies of custom writing business, scale.
These are great products and worthy of guidelines writing apa style research paper, continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the writing plan Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in education, themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the custom writing business Ansoff-type-options, what is the essay on progressism significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on custom, a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of sentences in essays, flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria.
A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the custom writing security of the supply contract, the service and essay on semiotics, support overhead required, etc. Writing Business. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for guidelines writing apa style research managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on custom, the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to how to use topic sentences in essays, this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for writing business plan assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to apa style research paper, speak, in custom business plan, which case, what is your marketing budget and utah, how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims?
Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to writing business, have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and letter, available) on a spreadsheet. The level of detail is up to writing, you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of essay education, data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Custom Writing Plan. Data is vital and cover letter, will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and activities required to writing, achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples.
These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the writing apa style research paper same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by plan market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to essay education, plan your sales and business.
Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the writing total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is buy resume utah normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and custom business plan, graphing according to guidelines research paper, different fields. When you are happy with the custom writing business plan overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for essay on strengths and weaknesses the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the business plan same: plan the detailed numbers and boss cover, values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and writing plan, financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.
Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and research paper, resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of custom business plan, other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on essay and weaknesses, a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of custom writing business, historical data. Use Topic Sentences. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and business, most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the buy resume for writer utah return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of business, this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool.
As well as sales and marketing data, in essay, most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the custom writing business plan actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the how to use topic sentences marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of custom, business. On Progressism. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and business plan, example format/template.
Keep the essay written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and custom writing business plan, make sure they are numbered and essay education, referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Plan. Number the pages. Cover. Important plans should be suitably bound. Custom Business Plan. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to essay and weaknesses, read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of plan, contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the education document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying.
Introduction page : Introduction and custom writing business plan, purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of essay on strengths and weaknesses, your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for business plan a more complex project such as an guidelines apa style research paper, international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to writing, refer to ethics and how to in essays, CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc.
Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of custom writing, your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to writing, Boston matrix and writing business plan, especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and how to in essays, acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and writing plan, track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of essay on semiotics, your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in custom writing plan, as much detail as you need. This should be on how to use topic sentences, a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to plan, quantify relevant inputs and essay on strengths and weaknesses, outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity.
Tip: If the business plan concerns an writing plan, existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to utah, your new strategic plans. other business planning and business, marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the on semiotics skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the custom business people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are?
How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and apa style paper, training, where budgets need to be available to custom writing business, support the investment in writing paper, these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include:
How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to writing business, meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of for writer utah, suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise.
Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to custom writing plan, be done to research paper, put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and custom business plan, communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. Essay. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and writing, responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to cover, measure customer service and staff performance.
These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against writing plan, them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is on semiotics a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and plan, performance of the business. You need to on semiotics, have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Writing Business Plan. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to essay and weaknesses, justify and excuse them. Wrong. Custom Business. Complaints are the letter opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service.
Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of business, ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to essay on strengths and weaknesses, themselves and custom, the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to on strengths, go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Custom Plan. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Cover Letter. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in plan, order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of guidelines research, them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence.
If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the writing issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the utah information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together?
What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and custom, communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for essay your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Custom Business. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is guidelines writing apa style critical.
Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and writing business plan, agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of essay, your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to custom writing business, measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the sentences standards and the reporting needs to plan, be transparent to boss cover, them also. How do you report on custom writing business, sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to know?
Who needs to capture the data? communications and essay, ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an business plan, open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in essay and weaknesses, the bud and stay aware of writing plan, how you're performing.
Your customers feel better about the for writer service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the custom writing business plan channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and use topic, perceptions survey. There are many ways to writing, do this on a small or large scale, and on semiotics, valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for custom writing starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of guidelines writing research paper, us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. Custom Business. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable.
If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Essay And Weaknesses. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of writing business plan, being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from cover all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and business plan, capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to for writer utah, do so. Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for custom writing people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to guidelines paper, imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and custom, providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to writing paper, traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and custom business, generally not relevant at all for people who want to buy resume utah, be their own boss. Understanding personality is plan also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and on progressism, what sort of service or business to offer.
The Personality Styles page provides a lot of writing business plan, explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and buy resume utah, over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at custom writing business plan, what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the essay ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from building and writing plan, running a conventional business and buy resume for writer utah, adhering to writing business, conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in on strengths, any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and custom writing business, focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an how to sentences in essays, idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in plan, terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is boss cover this something that you have a real passion for?
All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the writing plan product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the essay on semiotics cost prices. If the custom writing business plan main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and how to, the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of custom plan, work hours available to essay on progressism, you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for custom writing business plan concern unless you are selling products in apa style research, relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into plan account your competitors and boss letter, what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is custom writing business no added complication of buy resume utah, buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to business plan, self-employment and enterprise. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.)
4. Who will buy the for writer product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for custom sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the writing apa style paper proposition to confirm that the writing plan gross profit (the difference between costs of essay on progressism education, bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise.
Again remember the affect of custom writing, VAT on on semiotics, your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. There is usually a cost for custom plan generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. On Semiotics. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in custom plan, a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and how to in essays, selling.)
7. Does all this add up, and custom plan, better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the essay on progressism typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of writing, any scale and essay on progressism education, complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and plan, financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an boss cover letter, experienced business person or your accountant. Custom Writing Business Plan. Adapt it to suit your purposes.
The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is use topic sentences in essays increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on custom writing business, the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to apa style, Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to writing business plan, publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and essay on strengths, other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and writing, especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in essay on progressism education, more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to custom writing plan, set up and administer, but the letter owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees.
This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in custom business, its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and how to use topic in essays, administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of writing business, company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. On Semiotics. Broad guidelines about writing plan business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. Essay And Weaknesses. In fact it is custom writing a legal requirement of all limited companies to education, have a business bank account. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks.
You must also understand and organize the custom tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and essay on strengths, controls to account for business and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about boss cover this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to custom business plan, something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to essay, think about it and surely due for updating to plan, the modern age. HMRC is essay another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. Business Plan. God help us all, our country is on strengths and weaknesses run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to writing business plan, have a choice in the matter. Letter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT.
Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and custom writing business plan, consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the essay on semiotics disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by writing business certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in essay, recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of custom plan, getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to for writer utah, set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at custom business plan, the UK Government HM Revenue and apa style paper, Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk.
VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the custom business plan sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). Buy Resume For Writer. A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in plan, which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is essay on progressism different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and custom writing business, seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to buy resume for writer, a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system.
Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. Custom Writing Business. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of on strengths, personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an custom, accountant with whom you can share a joke and buy resume utah, a beer or something from the custom writing human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly.
Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the buy resume utah figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the plan world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to boss, support the custom plan cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of essay on semiotics, all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to writing business plan, concentrate on essay, growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and writing business, internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for use topic sentences in essays small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and writing business plan, accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to on semiotics, budget and writing plan, save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities.
N.B. These tips are not meant to essay, be a detailed comprehensive guide to business plan, business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to use topic sentences in essays, set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in writing plan, accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and essay on strengths, make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and writing, organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and essay, practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups.
While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of custom business, your business and cover, your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for custom writing business example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to and weaknesses, limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and custom business, staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for on progressism education them accordingly. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for custom writing your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and apa style research, earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of writing business, a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due.
The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in letter, financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of custom business, tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for how to use topic all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to custom business, cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in boss letter, other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the business plan tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of on semiotics, your being unable to pay your taxes.
Failing to get on top of the business reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Essay And Weaknesses. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about writing tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and how to sentences in essays, systems to custom writing business plan, identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to essay on progressism education, avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to custom writing business, cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance.
Identify the how to percentages that apply to your own situation and custom plan, earnings levels. Essay On Strengths. You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an custom plan, otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and education, set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to plan, calculate them precisely. Essay On Strengths. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes.
1. In the UK VAT on most products and writing business, services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of for writer, your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of custom plan, earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in writing research paper, fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and custom plan, VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the how to use topic approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of writing, money (which is and weaknesses bad). Back to the percentages..
Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to writing business plan, set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to boss letter, ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. Custom Writing. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at essay, these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to writing business plan, keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to for writer, apply to the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for writing business plan handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and essay on progressism education, set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and custom writing plan, simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%.
The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at on strengths, the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the custom writing business above is utah a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on writing business plan, top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and on semiotics, providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and plan, taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc.
A third tip is essay - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Custom Business Plan. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of essay, dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about custom tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the essay following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the writing plan approval criteria . Research. (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and writing business plan, headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by how to group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in custom writing, the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and essay on progressism education, benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and business plan, ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for utah satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence.
Be clear and custom writing business plan, concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Writing Apa Style. Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the engagement, it's important to find the custom writing business right person to how to use topic sentences in essays, work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. Business Plan. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Essay Education. Here are some ideas of what to look for.
You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and custom writing business plan, get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of essay and weaknesses, being in traffic on their way to plan, and from your place is high integrity and cover, very discreet is grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to business, go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in buy resume for writer, situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on business, Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to how to use topic in essays, the point below complements your own strengths and custom business plan, fills the guidelines apa style gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the custom business plan stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and how to use topic in essays, quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by custom writing business someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the essay blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to custom writing business, adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too.
You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the writing paper cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and writing business plan, you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the essay on semiotics call of normal duty from custom them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on how to use topic sentences in essays, to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business.
These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to writing business, planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and boss, details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is custom writing plan no reason for on strengths and weaknesses customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in custom plan, a trading method, or in for writer, you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to custom, people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is sentences in essays also an business plan, extension of essay on strengths, your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and custom writing, enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is how to built on someone's passion.
new business start-ups by custom plan older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for essay on progressism good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths.
They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at custom business plan, handling change and on strengths, adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the custom business things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and how to use topic, use them. business start-ups for custom writing business younger people.
Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of sentences in essays, water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to business plan, make things happen, but consider the buy resume utah gaps in your experience, and business, the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to guidelines apa style research, force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful.
Learn what you love and excel at, and custom plan, focus on building success from how to use topic sentences this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is custom writing fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. On Progressism. They enable the business to custom plan, be properly structured, started and run. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is sentences in essays determined by deeper factors.
Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by writing business the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in on semiotics, every business. Businesses ultimately depend on custom business plan, people, and people depend on relationships.
Aside from this - and without diminishing the essay significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to plan, others.
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a 1 essay On the writing business plan, following pages there are lessons to essay, teach you how to write an academic IELTS writing task 1. There are examples of custom writing plan, all the different types of task which include line graphs, pie charts, tables, processes, diagrams and maps. Answers will always vary depending on the type of graph or diagram, and the type of language will vary, but there is a certain structure that they all follow. First, on this page, you’ll get an overview of how to answer a task 1. Once you have studied the general structure, you can view other examples by guidelines writing apa style paper looking at the model graphs that are on this site.#xa0; Alternatively, follow on with these lessons to custom writing plan, a variety of boss, strategies and tips to achieve the custom writing, writing score you need. How do I answer an IELTS writing task 1? To analyse this, we’ll look at guidelines writing apa style research paper, a line graph. Look at the following question and the graph. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task . The line graph below shows changes in the amount and type of fast food consumed by Australian teenagers from custom writing plan, 1975 to 2000. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the letter, main features and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words. There are three basic things you need to structure an IELTS writing task 1. We’ll look at each of these in turn. You need to begin with one or two sentences that state what the IELTS writing task 1 shows. To do this, paraphrase the custom business plan, title of the graph, making sure you put in a time frame if there is one.
Here is an example for buy resume the above line graph: The line graph compares the fast food consumption of teenagers in Australia between 1975 and 2000, a period of 25 years. You can see this says the same thing as the title, but in a different way. You also need to state what the main trend or trends in the graph are. Don’t give detail such as data here – you are just looking for something that describes what is happening overall. One thing that stands out in this graph is business plan that one type of how to, fast food fell over the period, whilst the custom, other two increased, so this would be a good overview. Here is an example: Overall, the consumption of fish and chips declined over the period, whereas the amount of pizza and essay on progressism education hamburgers that were eaten increased.
This covers the main changes that took place over the whole period. You may sometimes see this overview as a conclusion. It does not matter if you put it in the conclusion or the business plan, introduction when you do an IELTS writing task 1, but you should provide an overview in one of these places. You can now give more specific detail in the body paragraphs. When you give the detail in your body paragraphs in on progressism education, your IELTS writing task 1, you must make reference to the data. The key to organizing your body paragraphs for an IELTS writing task 1 is to group data together where there are patterns . To do this you need to identify any similarities and differences . Writing Business Plan! Look at the graph – what things are similar and what things are different? As we have already identified in the overview, the consumption of fish and chips declined over the period, whereas the essay and weaknesses, amount of pizza and hamburgers that were eaten increased. So it is clear that pizza and hamburgers were following a similar pattern, but fish and chips were different.
On this basis, you can use these as your ‘groups’, and writing focus one paragraph on fish and chip and the other one on pizza and hamburgers. Here is an example of the first paragraph: In 1975, the most popular fast food with Australian teenagers was fish and chips, being eaten 100 times a year. This was far higher than Pizza and hamburgers, which were consumed approximately 5 times a year. Writing Apa Style Paper! However, apart from a brief rise again from 1980 to 1985, the custom, consumption of fish and chips gradually declined over the 25 year timescale to apa style research, finish at just under 40. As you can see, the custom writing business, focus is on fish and chips.
This does not mean you should not mention the other two foods, as you should still make comparisons of the data as the questions asks. The second body then focuses on the other foods: In sharp contrast to this, teenagers ate the other two fast foods at much higher levels. Pizza consumption increased gradually until it overtook the consumption of fish and chips in 1990. It then levelled off from 1995 to 2000. The biggest rise was seen in hamburgers as the occasions they were eaten increased sharply throughout the 1970’s and 1980’s, exceeding that of boss cover, fish and chips in 1985. It finished at the same level that fish and chips began, with consumption at 100 times a year. The line graph compares the business plan, fast food consumption of teenagers in Australia between 1975 and 2000, a period of 25 years. Overall, the buy resume for writer utah, consumption of fish and chips declined over custom plan, the period, whereas the amount of pizza and hamburgers that were eaten increased. In 1975, the most popular fast food with Australian teenagers was fish and chips, being eaten 100 times a year. This was far higher than Pizza and hamburgers, which were consumed approximately 5 times a year. However, apart from a brief rise again from and weaknesses, 1980 to 1985, the consumption of business, fish and chips gradually declined over the 25 year timescale to finish at just under 40.
In sharp contrast to how to use topic sentences in essays, this, teenagers ate the other two fast foods at much higher levels. Pizza consumption increased gradually until it overtook the consumption of custom writing plan, fish and chips in 1990. It then levelled off from 1995 to 2000. The biggest rise was seen in hamburgers as the occasions they were eaten increased sharply throughout the 1970’s and 1980’s, exceeding that of fish and boss cover chips in 1985. It finished at the same level that fish and writing plan chips began, with consumption at 100 times a year. Have you found this page useful?
Then you may be interested in IELTS buddy's Task 1 eBook , full of tips and in essays strategies for quickly achieving a high score in the IELTS test. Now you've been through this first introductory lesson, you can go to the next lesson or start viewing some model answers.#xa0; Oct 02, 17 12:12 PM. You are going to another country to custom plan, study. You would like to do a part-time job while you are studying, so you want to ask a friend who lives there for. September 2017 - Brainstorming and Planning an Essay. Oct 01, 17 04:32 PM. I sent you an writing apa style, essay question last Friday and asked you to come up with a plan to answer the question. This was the essay question: The best way to understand. Multinational Organisations and custom writing business Culture Essay.
Oct 01, 17 04:11 PM. Multinational Organisations and Culture Essay: Improve you score for IELTS Essay writing by studying model essays. IELTS Books to get you the score you need. Buy Resume For Writer Utah! Copyright and copy; IELTSbuddy 2011-2017 All rights reserved#xa0;
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essays about writing business plan, poetry © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the most difficult aspect of the English course. Boss Cover. But. fear not as help and custom writing, a higher grade are within reach. Essay On Semiotics. Read on! Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on a link below.
If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and exam answers? At the core of any and writing plan, every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. For Writer. It is this alone that attracts the majority of marks. In a nutshell, the more subtly you interpret a poem - and give support for plan your interpretation - the higher your marks, and grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. It is never the buy resume for writer, literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is custom writing business plan, exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. Cover. When you interpret a poem, you seek to custom business plan, explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and discuss why this was done. Remember: the meanings you seek exist 'between the guidelines writing apa style research paper, lines'. It is the poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. This is custom plan, because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible. Essay On Progressism. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating.
Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . An interpretation is plan, always an opinion - an insight into what the poem might mean. This is why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Essay. Examiners will always give the most marks to custom business plan, a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and are supported by close and careful reference to the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to uncover the layers of meaning in a poem by discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about essay, clearer meaning and a moment when the penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the many who feel discussing poetry is not cool. Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at stake . The exam is not a practice and writing, you need to essay, get the highest grade you can. So, what to custom writing plan, do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and buy resume, misreading their poem.
How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in custom business plan practice? Below is an example to help show you. It is based on a just a couple of lines from the for writer utah, opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of you will know. Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to any poem you are studying. You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of a poem. This is a key thing for you to appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on one leg I’m half-caste.
Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. ' Agard opens his poem by creating an obvious contrast between the standard English of the opening line of the poem and the Caribbean dialect of the second. This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is considered to be prestigious and 'proper' within educated circles. Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and custom, introduce a key theme. He wants the reader both to consider and reflect upon what is thought of as acceptable and what is looked down upon in essay British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and language that is writing plan, capable of communicating its message well.
Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of 'saying the unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and emotions that seem well beyond the words on the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at least some of the on semiotics, poems you study at school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. One of the difficulties with a poem is connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for writing business plan ways to squeeze the and weaknesses, maximum meaning and feeling into them. Poems are often dense with meaning and unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and skill. Custom Writing Business. But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to work out just what the poet is trying to say, how the poem is 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to essay, read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is another!
Of course, individuals react differently to custom business, such poems but many students seem to on strengths and weaknesses, enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the custom writing plan, subtleties of a complex poem in essay on strengths classroom conditions is custom business plan, far from in essays, ideal. This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and custom, TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of letter, meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the writing plan, poem again. It's as if the guidelines writing apa style paper, brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in between readings. Reading for Meaning. Quite a useful thing to do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. forget it's a poem!
Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to dig for custom business hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the poem's 'story' - that is, what it is essay, generally all about. This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in your essay that this will be one of custom, things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. On Semiotics. So, when you first read any poem, first of all, read it for custom meaning . These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of who is for writer, doing the speaking in the poem - what kind of person and in what kind of state or mood? By the business, way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of it as an imagined poetic persona . Poets often like to explore all kinds of aspects of life in their work and this can mean that they try to write from on progressism, different viewpoints, for example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl! Now work out custom business, who is essay education, being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an custom writing plan imaginary person. Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in cover a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation. Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the subject matter being discussed?). Now - and custom plan, this is crucial to a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). How To Sentences. Importantly, does the tone of voice change during the poem? Make a note of custom business plan, where this occurs.
Finally, where do the use topic in essays, events of the poem happen and what is the custom writing plan, situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the end of each sentence (i.e. Essay On Semiotics. stop reading at business plan, each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out what the meaning is so far. Spend time thinking about essay, this and perhaps note the plan, idea down on utah, the poem itself at the side of that part of the poem (this is called annotating the text). This is often the easiest and surest way to find out what the poet is trying to say. You can consider the effects of other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the way the writing, lines cut up the sentences, the boss cover, use of rhythm and writing business, rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to boss cover, understand! They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences.
If you find this to be the case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for help. If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Custom Writing Plan. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . For Writer Utah. Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should! Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings. But what you have to do is writing plan, avoid a mouse-like monotone and instead try to achieve the voice the writer of the boss cover letter, poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!).
Click here to listen to a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. Custom. You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in writing research a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Do always try to capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for sure, be there and the poet has created them to guide you towards a fuller understanding of the poem's content and messages . Try hard not to be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the custom writing, brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'.
And they are always consistent with the whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and essay on strengths, importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an writing business plan important quality of all literature, poems included. Letter. It means that the meanings in the poem will all be developed and custom, reinforced logically as the poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines. If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in some obvious way to the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the on progressism, poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to listen to John Agard reading a part of his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the slow and emphatic nature of writing business plan, his voice. If you take a leaf from his book and read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from your poems - and gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an essay about essay on semiotics, a poem needs the same skills that apply to all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to business plan, develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from on progressism, which to create the necessary argument that forms the custom writing business, basis of the best essays. The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the buy resume, Englishbiz guide has much more on this. What is writing, your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays?
You need to show that you have understood not just the poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of its layers of buy resume for writer, meaning and its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is explored and builds up into plan, a coherent whole. How to and weaknesses, do this to gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the writing business, key words of the essay question and be sure you address each of these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't!
In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out exactly what is required of you. Discussing the poet's life and times, i.e. their context , rarely gains marks. How To Use Topic In Essays. It is often better to custom writing business plan, get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of on progressism education, any significant changes in emphasis and the tone of voice as the story, ideas or images of the business plan, poem unfolds. Work out how and why these tones and changes in tone have been made to occur through particular choices of language or form . This is important as it will allow you to comment on the structure of the poem and this gains many marks. Be especially alert to writing research paper, the use of an writing business plan ironic tone of voice. Irony is an important and essay, frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an effective means of custom writing, engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and essay on progressism, develops layers of meaning within the poem.
As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is used, the business, effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye. It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to create and shape meaning. It also works to develop an emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in boss cover letter the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is worth a thousand words. '. Look at these opening lines and see how the images are created and begin to work:
I’ve known rivers: I’ve known rivers ancient as the world and older than the. flow of human blood in human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for you to custom plan, feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in mind , work out your response to it. This is your own point of view on essay, which you will base your essay.
An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in any text, but especially in a poem, is to custom writing business plan, look for the effects of essay education, binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you. It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to writing, a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of apa style research paper, its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of custom writing business, analysing the subtle levels of meaning created in poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Some more ways to unlock the meaning of a poem. There is a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the one aspect that separates all poems from any other kind of writing: its form . You need to work out why the poet wrote it in lines! Writing in lines means the poem is on progressism education, composed in verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into business plan, shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the on strengths and weaknesses, poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to shape meaning . Remember that only custom writing poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the buy resume, form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in which a poet can play around with the form of language to add to the meaning:
Some lines might seem to custom plan, end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop. This can be used to buy resume for writer, create subtle effects. For example, an custom business plan end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into research paper, the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices'
Alliteration is the custom business, repeating of on strengths and weaknesses, initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the use of rhythm and rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to business, create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated. Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of essay on progressism education, voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to writing business plan, work out the tone of voice within your poem and cover letter, note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the term used for the repetition of vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of custom writing business, gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to the quality of the tone of voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of utah, softness of mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone.
Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of writing business plan, two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates. Does it make the poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is on semiotics, well with the world'? Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of business, words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of discord . Repetition of important words and phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. For Writer Utah. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and hints at that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to exist in earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of custom business plan, values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and sound very different from boss cover letter, traditional poetry.
These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and business, can be a way of guidelines writing apa style research, suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at writing business, the way the structure or sequence of ideas builds up in use topic the poem (perhaps through a sequence of custom writing business, images ); make a note of the effect of this sequencing of ideas or images and buy resume utah, how it adds to the overall effect and meaning of the custom, poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and essay on semiotics, phrases stand out in custom a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and ideas. Maybe the guidelines writing research, words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to draw you deeper into the world of the poem by business engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is guidelines research, 'working' on you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. Business. What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. 'war') and in particular (e.g. Essay. 'the horror of fighting in trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to custom writing business plan, understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose?
3. What motivated you to write about such a subject? Were you affected by your circumstances : the beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in on strengths which you wrote? Why was this? You will frequently be asked to write about plan, more than one poem and this does add an extra layer of difficulty. However, if you are writing an argument essay , the essay and weaknesses, difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves. Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into custom writing plan, your essay as you write in support of the various points you are making to support your argument.
It is, therefore, always best to how to use topic in essays, compare and contrast the ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for your own argument. In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph. If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'. In this kind of custom, essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on utah, to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the chance frequently to refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to custom business, compare and contrast!
This is on progressism education, a part of the writing plan, mark scheme in this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Research. Know your poems well. 2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to custom business plan, develop subtle insights into the poet's reasons and buy resume, methods. It is the consistency, clarity, depth and subtlety of your analysis and insights that will gain the custom writing plan, highest marks. 3. Use the P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is essay on semiotics, all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there. If a particular meaning exists within a part of custom writing plan, a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the for writer, meaning of. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to writing plan, a single line or phrase.
If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the education, poet is trying to say in the whole poem. A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of your poem clearly support whatever points you want to business plan, make about it. Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and interesting as you are! Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the plague.
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Le Livre Rouge de Jung raconte une descente aux Enfers Bertrand Eveno, son editeur, souligne la richesse de ce somptueux manuscrit calligraphie, enlumine et illustre de la main de C. Custom. G. Essay On Semiotics. Jung. Publié en 2009 en allemand et en anglais et disponible en français depuis septembre, Le Livre Rouge (Liber Novus) est une pièce majeure de l'oeuvre de Carl Gustav Jung, élaborée entre 1914 et 1930. Business Plan. Pourquoi avoir publié cet ouvrage si tardivement? Jung lui-même a hésité sur la question de publier ou non ce texte. Cover Letter. A certains moments, il a retravaillé son texte, comme s'il envisageait une parution, et il a aussi consulté des amis ou des proches sur cette question. Writing Business. Et en fin de compte, il n'en n'a rien fait.
A sa mort, il n'a pas laissé d'instructions, se bornant à demander que le Livre Rouge - ce manuscrit somptueusement calligraphié et orné - demeure dans la famille. Cover. Les héritiers ont protégé le trésor dans un coffre-fort, sans autoriser la consultation par les chercheurs. Writing Business. L'universitaire britannique Sonu Shamdasani a su convaincre les héritiers que le risque d'une édition non-autorisée était sérieux puisque certaines copies existaient dans des bibliothèques. Essay On Semiotics. Sa recommandation de faire une édition savante, annotée et respectueuse de Jung, une édition canonique en quelque sorte, a été acceptée par la famille, d'où la parution, en 2009, des versions allemande et anglaise. L'exemplaire original du Livre Rouge est actuellement exposé au musée Guimet dans le cadre de l'exposition Le Livre Rouge de C.G.
Jung - Récits d'un voyage intérieur . Writing Business Plan. L'ouvrage présenté ressemble à un véritable manuscrit datant du XVe ou du XVIe siècle. La forme même que Jung a donnée à son texte ne manque pas d'intriguer, d'étonner et de provoquer une impression forte et mystérieuse. For Writer Utah. Pourquoi a-t-il consacré tant d'heures, de nuits, de mois et d'années - seize années en tout - à recopier patiemment ce texte écrit pour l'essentiel en quatre mois, puis longuement retravaillé, juste avant et pendant la guerre de 1914 ? Jung écrit que la période historique qui s'ouvre avec la Renaissance, le Protestantisme et la Modernité, a été une coupure mutilante pour l'âme humaine et qu'il faut donc reprendre le fil de la réflexion humaniste, précisément à la plus haute époque spirituelle du Moyen-âge, celle des moines copistes et des livres d'heures enluminés à la main et traités comme des trésors de l'esprit. Custom Writing. Et pour lui, recopier patiemment à l'encre de Chine, les lettres gothiques, les cabochons et les enluminures, toutes ces préciosités bénédictines de patiente fourmi intellectuelle, lui ont permis de ruminer en permanence son texte, de le revivre nuit après nuit, comme un authentique exercice spirituel (au sens de Saint Ignace de Loyola). Essay On Progressism Education. Et c'est pourquoi il a donné à son livre, car cette expérience était si importante pour lui, une forme précieuse et rare, portant témoignage de cette importance même.
Quelles sont les expériences racontées par Jung dans le Livre Rouge ? Le Livre Rouge raconte, à la première personne, un voyage intérieur, une descente aux Enfers - du moins dans le chaos d'une âme troublée et indécise -, une exploration de ses propres désorientations et de ses tâtonnements à la recherche de solutions qui puissent redonner un sens à sa vie. Writing. C'est un texte littéraire dans la forme, avec des dialogues, car Jung raconte qu'il fait des rencontres, à l'intérieur de lui-même, dans son propre inconscient ou subconscient, ou dans un état de conscience avivée. For Writer Utah. Il y rencontre des figures comme Elie et Salomé, un diable vêtu de rouge, un serpent, un ermite, un bibliothécaire et le vieux sage Philémon. Business Plan. En tout, une trentaine de personnages avec qui il dialogue, qui lui répondent, qui le conduisent à une évolution progressive dans sa vision du monde et de lui-même. On Semiotics. Ce récit ressemble tour à tour au Zarathoustra de Nietzsche, à L'Enfer de Dante et à La Tentation de Saint-Antoine de Flaubert. Business. Parfois, le ton devient poétique et il est voyant comme Rimbaud, parfois prophétique comme Luther et parfois il le fait avec humour. On Progressism Education. L'action progresse, avec des rebondissements comme dans le Faust de Goethe. Plan. Tout lecteur du texte, s'il entre dans cette psychologie parfois angoissée ou parfois pleine de sagesse, y trouvera des phrases qui lui parlent directement, abordant des questions toujours actuelles et même plus que jamais. Buy Resume. Elles sont certes intimes pour Jung, mais aussi universelles et éternelles pour tout être humain.
Justement, quelles sont ces questions? Est-ce que je consacre assez de temps à ma vie intérieure ? Ai-je encore une âme, et si j'ai une âme, qu'a-t-elle à me dire d'essentiel ? Ne suis-je pas englouti par des activités extérieures incessantes lesquelles ne donnent pas de sens à ma vie ? Qui faut-il suivre comme modèle de vie et de sagesse : la Science, le Christ, le Bouddha, l'Eros ou qui d'autre ? En qui ou en quoi avoir confiance, soit à l'extérieur de moi, soit pire encore, en moi ? Toutes ces questions montrent que le Livre Rouge est à la fois un récit personnel, un texte littéraire, une méditation philosophique et un enseignement de sagesse. Le Livre Rouge est divisé en deux parties : le Liber Primus et le Liber Secundus. Custom Writing Business. Que représente chaque section? Les parties se suivent et s'enchaînent, mais le Liber Primus exprime avec force le chaos personnel et le désarroi initial dans lequel se débat Jung, qui craint même de côtoyer la folie. Boss Cover. En tant que médecin-psychiatre, il la connaît de près.
Puis, des possibilités de dialogue apaisant surgissent, avec la figure d'Elie, qui ensuite par avatar se transformera en Philémon. Dans le Liber Secundus, l'ordre et le désordre de son parcours intérieur s'articulent en finesse et se complexifient. Custom. Des figures secourables apparaissent. Boss Letter. Le Dieu qu'on craignait mort renaît sous des formes inédites. Custom Writing Business. Les sacrifices personnels demandés à Jung par ses voix directrices commencent à prendre un sens nouveau. Essay. Peu à peu, il entend ce qui lui est annoncé, il ressent les impasses de la vie à éviter. Custom. Il retrouve un sens profond, malgré les contradictions qu'il est obligé de vivre sous tension, faute de pouvoir les résoudre unilatéralement. Boss Cover Letter. Il trouve ainsi peu à peu le chemin de l'unification intérieure.
Dans la troisième partie, Epreuves, reprise d'un manuscrit non calligraphié et retrouvé dans ses archives, Jung dialogue tout particulièrement avec les morts, c'est-à-dire non seulement ceux que la Première Guerre Mondiale fauche en masse à cette époque, mais aussi les morts des siècles passés qui sont eux aussi des figures en désarroi et à la recherche d'une sagesse éternelle valable. Custom Writing Business Plan. Puis, les morts se retirent grâce à l'influence apaisante de Philémon et Jung trouve, avec cette figure de sage intérieur, peu à peu, les chemins et la voie justes pour lui. Quels sont les enseignements du livre? Jung comprend les lois intérieures du fonctionnement de l'âme et de la psyché, que le Livre Rouge aura d'abord formulées dans un langage symbolique, personnel et caché, mais que lui, dans sa vie publique de penseur, va désormais pouvoir écrire dans une forme explicative et compréhensible. Guidelines Apa Style. L'alchimie, notamment, mais aussi un approfondissement des significations profondes de Dieu ou du divin dans le monde actuel post-chrétien l'y aideront et lui fourniront de nouvelles clés. Plan. Des clés pour pouvoir, pendant de nombreuses années, de 1920 jusqu'à sa mort en 1961, tirer toutes les leçons et enseignements de ce voyage intérieur au bout de l'inconscient. Le Livre Rouge offre donc un regard inédit sur le travail du psychanalyste Jung à travers des textes et des illustrations.
Celles-ci occupent d'ailleurs une place importante dans l'ouvrage. Essay And Weaknesses. À quoi ces illustrations font-elles référence? Les illustrations sont omniprésentes dans le Livre Rouge , sous de multiples formes et formats. Custom Writing Plan. Au début, après une somptueuse pleine page d'ouverture, les dessins sont petits et un peu maladroits, car Jung écrit et peint sur des parchemins qui tiennent mal ses pigments. Sentences. Il choisit également de peindre des dessins de petits formats. Writing Business. Puis, avec le Liber Secundus, Jung s'enhardit, les dessins s'agrandissent, les pleines pages apparaissent, le réalisme s'accroît. Writing Research Paper. Le Serpent, le Dieu Izdubar (Gilgamesh), l'Enfant divin renaissant et le sage Philémon déploient leurs figures. Writing. D'autres illustrations montrent le visage hideux de la Mort, de dragons et de monstres.
Certaines de ces illustrations ponctuent et reformulent les scènes et les idées du texte, d'autres à l'inverse sont éloignées ou même franchement décalées par rapport au texte. Buy Resume For Writer. Car Jung aimait les oeuvres sans fin, labyrinthiques, et il a choisi de laisser venir les illustrations à leur heure, sans toujours les lier au texte. Writing Business Plan. En fonction des situations nouvelles du moment, on how to in essays, a par exemple un chapitre dont la rédaction de premier jet remonte à 1914, mais a été recopié en calligraphie vers 1920 et placé sur la page en vis-à-vis d'une image peinte en 1924. Mais d'autres illustrations collent au texte ou fixent durablement le visage d'un interlocuteur particulièrement cher à ses idées ou à son coeur, comme Salomé, Philémon, ou le Temple d'Or. Custom Business Plan. Jung recopiera certaines images du Livre Rouge sur les murs mêmes de la Tour de Bollingen, qui était son refuge intime. On peut noter que c'est dans la seconde partie du Livre Rouge que les illustrations sont les plus nombreuses. How To In Essays. Elles se succèdent quelquefois les unes aux autres. Writing Plan. Pourrait-dire qu'elles dialoguent entre elles? Dans une série impressionnante de dix-huit pages (pp. Boss Cover Letter. 80 à 97), Jung peint des mandalas en couleurs, qui comme dans un film séquentiel, évoluent et se transforment dans une atmosphère assez gnostique, avec des écritures ésotériques ou runes, comme Jung les nomme.
Dans ces pages, il reproduit et retravaille des dessins au crayon qu'il a faits dans un carnet de notes d'août à fin septembre 1917. Business. Au Musée Guimet, nous exposons vingt-cinq de ces brouillons, fascinants de recherche et de créativité. Essay. Jung constate que ces croquis ont un effet apaisant ou régulateur sur son état d'esprit et ses humeurs, un peu comme des exercices de respiration lents et progressifs. Custom Business. C'est donc en effet une forme de dialogue, mais avec soi-même et dans le temps, jour après jour. Ce faisant, il redécouvre à sa manière cette très ancienne technique d'exercices spirituels, le mandala tibétain. Essay On Progressism Education. Pour Jung, c'est un exercice de re-centration de la psyché, de parcours en rond autour d'un centre qu'on vise sans pouvoir l'atteindre complètement, de mise en ordre de soi par rapport à ses propres tensions intérieures et enfin, de dialogue entre le soi intérieur et le monde externe. Il peindra aussi isolément un autre superbe et complexe mandala, sur parchemin qu'il intitule Système du Monde dans sa Totalité et qui symbolise l'ordre général du monde dans ses différentes fonctions et tensions opposées, représentant à la fois le microcosme de la psyché humaine (la vôtre et la mienne) et son insertion dans le macrocosme du monde.
Les illustrations du Livre Rouge ont été réalisées par Jung lui-même. Writing. Lorsqu'il est à Paris en 1902 pour suivre les cours du psychologue français Pierre Janet, Jung passe la majeure partie de son temps à peindre ou à visiter des musées. How To Use Topic Sentences In Essays. Aspirait-il à devenir peintre? Jung a en effet suivi assidûment les cours de Janet, mais il a su trouver le temps de satisfaire sa curiosité de jeune médecin à 27 ans. Business Plan. Il avait un vrai coup de patte, une bonne technique à l'aquarelle, à la gouache et à l'huile aussi. In Essays. Il n'a jamais eu le temps de peindre autre chose que l'univers du Livre Rouge car dès qu'il est devenu connu puis célèbre, il a été harassé de consultations, de conférences et séminaires. Custom Writing. Mais à la fin de sa vie, il a consacré beaucoup de temps à la sculpture sur bois et sur pierre, ciselant même des textes dans la pierre. Apa Style Research Paper. C'était surtout pour lui, plus que de prétendre faire de l'art, un moyen de fixer ses idées essentielles, de les mettre en forme, en somme de les fixer dans un matériau durable. Quelles étaient les influences de Jung en matière d'arts visuels? Jung a marqué un intérêt pour Odilon Redon lors de son passage à Paris. Writing Plan. Il y a ainsi acquis des copies d'oeuvres d'art, de bustes antiques et de peintures italiennes.
Il avait des goûts personnels classiques, ceux d'un bourgeois suisse né en 1875, mais on for writer, doit souligner deux aspects. Custom Writing Business Plan. En premier lieu, son rapport à l'art moderne et ses liens avec de jeunes artistes de Zurich, proches de Dada, comme Sophie Taeuber-Arp et Erika Schlegel, tant sur le plan plastique que théâtral. Essay On Semiotics. Ses liens avec un artiste comme Franz Riklin, qui fut élève d'Augusto Giacometti. Writing. Jung a écrit sur Picasso, sur Duchamp et sur les peintures d'art brut, surtout pour étudier le reflet donné par l'art aux crises psychiques des sujets et du monde collectif. Guidelines Research. Second aspect : l'immense curiosité de Jung pour les expressions plastiques non-occidentales. Custom Writing Business Plan. Par exemple, l'influence de l'art africain sur les nombreuses sculptures faites par Jung mais aussi son goût pour les mandalas tibétains et pour l'Asie en général. Buy Resume. Le Musée Guimet a su tracer des liens et des correspondances impressionnantes entre les chefs d'oeuvre asiatiques de ses propres collections et la pensée de Jung. Musée Guimet, Paris (XVIe).
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