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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and henry essays, Tips. One of the best ways to prepare for the DBQ (the “document-based question” on the AP European History, AP US History, and AP World History exams) is to look over sample questions and example essays. This will help you to get a sense of what makes a good (and what makes a bad) DBQ response. That said, not all DBQ essay examples are created equal. I’ll briefly cover what makes a good DBQ example, then provide a list of example essays by course. Essay About? Lastly, I’ve provided some tips as how to best use sample essays in your own preparation process.
Without a doubt, the essays, best sample resources come from the College Board. How To? This is because they are the ones who design and administer the AP exams. This means that: Any DBQ essay example that they provide will include a real DBQ prompt. All samples are real student responses from previous years, so you know that they were written under the same conditions you will be working under when you write your DBQ. Henry Essays? In other words, they're authentic! They not only have scores, they have explanations of essay of prophet each essay's score according to the terms of the essays, rubric. Event? Each prompt includes several sample essays with a variety of scores. However, there are some examples outside those available from the College Board that may be worth looking at, particularly if they highlight how a particular essay could be improved. But in general, a superior example will:
Include the prompt and documents. Henry Essays? It will be much easier for you to see how the information from the documents is integrated into the essay if you can actually look at the documents. Have a score. Seems simple, but you'd be surprised how many DBQ examples out there in the uncharted internet don't have one. Without a real, official score, it's hard to gauge how trustworthy a sample actually is. With that in mind, I have below compiled lists by exam of high-quality example DBQs. Don't spend all your study time sharpening your pencil.
Every DBQ Example Essay You Could Ever Need, by Exam. Here are your example essays! We'll start with AP US History, then move to AP European History, and finally wrap up with AP World History. Management Dissertation Questions? AP US History: Official College Board Examples. Because of the recent test redesign, the essays, College Board has only posted sample responses from 2016 and 2015. This means there are only two official College Board set of sample essays that use the current rubric. Look here for the free-response questions from 2015 and the ones from 2016 with no analysis (so you can look at the question separately from the scoring guidelines). When you're ready for thesis the sample responses, here are the DBQ samples from 2015 and the samples from 2016.
If you want to see additional sample sets, you can also look at v and essays, older College Board US History DBQ example response sets , all the way back to 2003. For A Essay Paper? To look at henry v and essays, these questions, click “Free-Response Questions” for about homeless to harvard a given year. For the corresponding DBQ examples and scoring guidelines, click “Sample Responses Q1.” Note that these use the old rubric (which is integrated into the Scoring Guidelines for a given free-response section). General comments about the quality of the essay, outside information, and document analysis still apply, but the score is on a nine-point scale instead of the new seven-point scale, and some of the particulars will be different. Older DBQs had up to 12 documents, while the new format will have six-seven documents. If you do look at older DBQ examples, I recommend using the new rubric to henry essays “re-grade” the essays in on life, the sample according to the new seven-scale score. I'll also give more advice on how to henry use all of these samples in intermountain paper, your prep later on. Mr. Bald Eagle is an AP US History DBQ Grader in his spare time. AP European History: Official College Board Examples.
Unfortunately, sample resources for the AP Euro DBQ are a little sparse than for the other essays, because this past year (2016) was the first year the test was administered in the new format. This means that there is only one set of henry v and essays official samples graded with the current seven-point rubric. For A Argumentative Essay? The rest of the existing available samples were graded in the old, nine-point format instead of the seven-point format implemented this past year. In the old format there were six “core” points and henry essays, then three additional points possible. The old rubric is integrated with the sample responses for each question, but I’ll highlight some key differences between the for a argumentative essay, old and new formats: In the old format, you are given a brief “historical background” section before the v and essays, documents. There are more documents—up to twelve.
The new format will have 6-7. Management Questions? There is an emphasis on “grouping” the documents that is henry v and essays, not present in the new rubric. There is intermountain, also an explicit emphasis on correctly interpreting the v and, documents that is not found in the new rubric. The essential components of the DBQ are still the same between the essay on life of prophet, two formats, although you should definitely look at the new rubric if you look at any of the old AP European History samples. You may actually find it useful to henry v and look at the old essays and score them according to the new rubric.
Samples by year: You can get samples in the old format all the way back to on obesity in malaysia 2003 from the College Board . (Click “Free-Response Questions” for the questions and v and essays, “Sample Responses Q1” for the samples.) If you want to check out some additional DBQ sample responses that were graded by the College Board with the new rubric, look at in malaysia, the 2015 AP US History samples and the 2016 AP US history samples . The content will of course be different, but the structure and scoring are the same as they will be for the AP Euro 2016 test. AP European History: Unofficial Samples. Because of the henry essays, rubric revision, other European History-specific samples are also in elkins intermountain, the old format. This means there’s not much to be gained by looking outside the College Board’s extensive archives. However, the New York State Regents exam also has a DBQ on v and essays, it. The format is not identical and it is paper, scored out of 5 under a different rubric, but I do like this European-History themed example from Regents Prep because it has highlighted sections that show where the documents are used versus where outside information is referenced. Henry? This will give you a good visual of how you might integrate outside information with the essay to harvard, analysis of your documents. Consider how you might integrate this castle into the DBQ that is your life. AP World History: Official College Board Examples.
The World History AP exam has just been transitioned to a new format to more resemble AP US History and essays, AP European History for elkins the 2017 test. This means that all currently available samples were graded in henry, the old, nine-point format instead of the seven-point format to be implemented this year. In the old format there were seven “core” points and then two additional points possible. The old rubric is integrated with the sample responses for each question, but I’ll highlight some key differences between the old and new formats: There are more documents—up to ten. The new format will have 6-7. There is an emphasis on “grouping” the documents on the old rubric that is not present in essay of prophet, the new rubric.
There is also an explicit emphasis on correctly interpreting the documents that is essays, not found in for a, the new rubric. In the old rubric, you need to identify one additional document that would aid in your analysis. The new rubric does not have this requirement. The essential components of the DBQ are still the same between the two formats, although you should definitely look at v and essays, the new rubric if you look at any of the old AP World History samples. You may actually find it useful to look at the old essays and score them according to outline essay the new rubric. For whatever reason the henry essays, questions and the samples with scoring notes are completely separate documents for essay homeless World History, so you’ll need to v and essays click separate links to get the elkins paper, question and documents and then the responses. If you want to take a look at some DBQs that have been graded with the new rubric, you could check out the 2015 and 2016 samples from AP US History and henry, the 2016 samples from essay of prophet muhammad, AP European History. The historical content is different, but this will give you an idea of how the henry v and essays, new rubric is implemented. Don't worry, the old format isn't as old as this guy right here.
How Should I Use DBQ Examples to Prepare? So, now that you have all of these examples, what should you do with them? I'll go over some tips as to for a argumentative how you can use example DBQs in henry essays, your own studying, including when to start using them and how many you should plan to review. College Board sample essay sets are a great way to test how well you understand the for a paper, rubric . This is why I recommend that you grade a sample set early on in your study process—maybe even before you've written a practice DBQ. Then, when you compare the scores you gave to the scores and scoring notes for the samples, you'll have a good idea of what parts of the rubric you don't really understand . If there are points that you are consistently awarding differently than the henry v and essays, graders, you’ll know those are skills to work on.
Keep giving points for intermountain paper the thesis and henry essays, then finding out the sample didn't get those points? You'll know that you need to work on your thesis skills. Thesis On Obesity In Malaysia? Not giving points for historical context and then finding out the AP Grader gave full credit? You need to work on henry, recognizing what constitutes historical context according to the AP. You can check out my tips on building specific rubric-based skills in my article on how to thesis on obesity in malaysia write a DBQ. Once you've worked on some of those rubric skills that you are weaker on, like evaluating a good thesis or identifying document groups, grade another sample set. Essays? This way you can see how your ability to grade the essays like an AP grader improves over time!
Obviously, grading sample exams is a much more difficult proposition when you are looking at in malaysia, examples in an old format (e.g. Henry? AP European History or AP World History samples). The old scores as awarded by the College Board will be helpful in establishing a ballpark—obviously a 9 is still going to be a good essay under the 7-point scale—but there may be some modest differences in grades between the on life, two scales. Henry V And? (Maybe that perfect 9 is now a 6 out of 7 due to outline essay rubric changes.) For practice grading with old samples, you might want to pull out henry v and two copies of the new rubric, recruit a trusted study buddy or academic advisor (or even two study buddies!), and each re-grade the samples. Then, you can discuss any major differences in on life muhammad, the grades you awarded. Having multiple sets of eyes will help you see if the scores you are giving are reasonable, since you won’t have an official seven-point College Board score for comparison. How Many Example DBQs Should I Be Using? The answer to henry this question depends on your study plans! If it's six months before the exam and you plan on transforming yourself into a hard diamond of DBQ excellence, you might complete some practice grading on a sample set every few weeks to a month to check in on your progress towards thinking like an on obesity in malaysia, AP grader. Henry? In this case you would probably use six to essay paper nine College Board sample sets. If, on the other hand, the exam is in a month and you are just trying to get in some skill-polishing, you might do a sample set every week to 10 days.
It makes sense to check in on your skills more often when you have less time to study, because you want to be extra-sure that you are focusing your time on the skills that need the most work. So for a short time frame, expect to use somewhere in the range of three to v and four range College Board sample sets. Either way, you should be integrating your sample essay grading with skills practice, and doing some practice DBQ writing of elkins your own . Towards the end of your study time you could even integrate DBQ writing practice with sample grading. Read and complete a timed prompt, then grade the sample set for that prompt, including yours! The other essays will help give you a sense of henry v and essays what score your essay might have gotten that year and any areas you may have overlooked. There's no one-size-fits-all approach to using sample sets, but in general they are a useful tool for making sure you have a good idea what the DBQ graders will be looking for thesis on obesity in malaysia when you write your DBQ. Hey, where can we find a good DBQ around here? Example DBQ essays are a valuable resource in your arsenal of study strategies for the AP History exams. Henry V And Essays? Grading samples carefully will help you get a sense of how to write your own blind spots so you know what skills to focus on in your own prep. Henry V And Essays? That said, sample essays are most useful when integrated with your own targeted skills preparation. Grading a hundred sample essays won't help you if you aren't practicing your skills; you will just keep making the essay about, same mistakes over and over again.
And make sure you aren't using sample essays to avoid actually writing practice DBQs--you'll want to henry v and essays do at least a couple even if you only have a month to practice. There you have it, folks. With this list of DBQ examples and how to write invites, tips on how to use them, you are all prepared to v and essays integrate samples into event management questions your study strategy! Still not sure what a DBQ is? Check out my explanation of the DBQ. Want tips on how to really dig in and study?
I have a complete how-to guide on preparing and writing the DBQ (coming soon). Henry V And? If you're still studying for elkins AP World History, check out our Best AP World History Study Guide or get more practice tests from our complete list. Want more material for AP US History? Look into this article on henry v and essays, the best notes to use for studying from how to write invites, one of our experts. Also check out her review of the best AP US History textbooks! Want to improve your SAT score by henry v and essays, 160 points or your ACT score by essay on life of prophet, 4 points?
We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to v and essays helping students succeed in how to write, all areas of life. V And Essays? She received a BA from how to write invites, Harvard in Folklore and henry v and, Mythology and is currently pursuing graduate studies at Columbia University. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed.
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Porphyry: On the Life of v and essays, Plotinus and the Arrangement of his Work. from Plotinus: The Enneads translated by Stephen MacKenna. Typed by Owlsmirror/crows -- January 2004. 1. Plotinus, the philosopher our contemporary, seemed ashamed of being in the body. So deeply rooted was this feeling that he could never be induced to tell of his ancestry, his parentage, or his birthplace. He showed, too, an unconquerable reluctance to sit to a painter of a sculptor, and when Amelius persisted in urging him to allow of a portrait being made he asked him, 'Is it not enough to elkins intermountain paper, carry about this image in which nature has enclosed us?
Do you really think I must also consent to leave, as a desired spectacle to henry v and essays, posterity, an image of the image?' In view of this determined refusal Amelius brought his friend Carterius, the best artist of the day, to the Conferences, which were open to every comer, and saw to essay about homeless, it that by long observation of the philosopher he caught his most striking personal traits. From the impressions thus stored in henry, mind the artist drew a first sketch; Amelius made various suggestions towards bringing our the resemblance, and in this way, without the knowledge of Plotinus, the elkins paper, genius of Carterius gave us a lifelike portrait. 2. Plotinus was often distressed by an intestinal complaint, but declined clysters, pronouncing the henry essays, use of elkins intermountain, such remedies unbecoming in an elderly man: in the same way he refused such medicaments as contain any substance taken from v and wild beasts or reptiles: all the more, he remarked, since he could not approve of eating the flesh of animals reared for the table. He abstained from the use of the bath, contenting himself with a daily massage at home: when the terrible epidemic carried off his masseurs he renounced all such treatment: in a short while he contracted malign diphtheria. During the paper, time I was about essays him there was no sign of any such malady, but after I sailed for Sicily the thesis on obesity, condition grew acute: his intimate, Eustochius, who was with him till his death, told me, on my return to Rome, that he became hoarse, so that his voice quite lost its clear and sonorous note, his sight grew dim and ulcers formed on his hands and feet. As he still insisted on addressing everyone by word of mouth, his condition prompted his friends to withdraw from his society: he therefore left Rome for Campania, retiring to a property which had belonged to Zethos, an old friend of his at this time dead. His wants were provided in v and essays, part out of Zethos' estate, and for the rest were furnished form Minturnae, where Castricius' property lay. Of Plotinus' last moments Eustochius has given me an account. He himself was staying at Puteoli and was late in arriving: when he at last came, Plotinus said: 'I have been a long time waiting for you; I am striving to invites, give back the Divine in henry, myself to the Divine in the All.' As he spoke a snake crept under the bed on which he lay and slipped away into a hole in the wall: at the same moment Plotinus died.
This was at the end of the second year of the how to write invites, reign of Claudius (A.D. 270), and, as Eustochius tells me, Plotinus was then sixty-six, I myself was at Lilybaeum at the time, Amelius at Apamea in Syria, Castricius at Rome; only henry v and Eustochius was by his side. Counting sixty-six years back from the second year of Claudius, we can fix Plotinus' birth at the thirteenth year of Severus (A.D. 204-5); but he never disclosed the month or day. Argumentative Essay Paper! This was because he did not desire any birthday sacrifice or feast; yet he himself sacrificed on the traditional birthdays of Plato and henry essays of Socrates, afterwards giving a banquet at which every member of the circle who was able was expected to deliver an address. 3. Paper! Despite his general reluctance to v and, talk of his own life, some few details he did often relate to us in the course of conversation.
Thus he told how, at the age of eight, when he was already going to school, he still clung about intermountain his nurse and loved to bare her breasts and take suck: one day he was told he was a 'perverted imp', and so was shamed out of the trick. At twenty-seven he was caught by essays, the passion for philosophy: he was directed to the most highly reputed professors to be found at Alexandria; but he used to come from their lectures saddened and outline for a argumentative discouraged. A friend to whom he opened his heart divined his temperamental craving and henry v and suggested Ammonius, whom he had not yet tried. Plotinus went, heard a lecture, and exclaimed to thesis, his comrade: 'This was the man I was looking for.' From that day he followed Ammonius continuously, and under his guidance made such progress in philosophy that he became eager to investigate the Persian methods and the system adopted among the Indians. It happened that the Emperor Gordian was at that time preparing his campaign against essays Persia; Plotinus joined the army and went on the expedition. He was then thirty-eight, for he had passed eleven entire years under Ammonius. When Gordian was killed in Mesopotamia, it was only with great difficulty that Plotinus came off safe to Antioch. At forty, in intermountain, the reign of Philip, he settled in v and, Rome.
Erennius, Origen, and Plotinus had made a compact not to disclose any of the doctrines which Ammonius had revealed to them. Plotinus kept faith, and in all his intercourse with his associates divulged nothing of Ammonius' system. But the compact was broken, first by Erennius and management dissertation then by henry, Origen following suit: Origen, it is true, put in writing nothing but the treatise On the Spirit-Beings , and in Gallienus' reign that entitled The King the Sole Creator . Event Dissertation Questions! Plotinus himself remained a long time without writing, but he began to base his Conferences on what he had gathered from his studies under Ammonius. Henry! In this way, writing nothing but constantly conferring with a certain group of associates, he passed ten years. He used to encourage his hearers to put questions, a liberty which, as Amelius told me, led to a great deal of wandering and thesis in malaysia futile talk. Amelius had entered the circle in the third year of Philip's reign, the third, too, of Plotinus' residence in Rome, and remained about him until the first year of Claudius, twenty-four years in all. He had come to Plotinus after an efficient training under Lysimachus: in laborious diligence he surpassed all his contemporaries; for example, he transcribed and arranged nearly all the works of Numenius, and was not far from having most of henry v and essays, them off by elkins paper, heart.
He also took notes of the Conferences and essays wrote them out in something like a hundred treatises which he has since presented to Hostilianus Hesychius of Apamea, his adopted son. 4. I myself arrived from Greece in the tenth year of intermountain paper, Gallienus' reign, accompanied by Antonius of Rhodes, and found Amelius an eighteen-years' associate of Plotinus, but still lacking the courage to write anything except for the notebooks, which had not reached their century. Plotinus, in this tenth year of Gallienus, was about fifty-nine: when I first met him I was thirty. From the henry v and essays, first year of Gallienus Plotinus had begun to about to harvard, write upon v and essays such subjects as had arisen at the Conferences: when I first came to know him in this tenth year of the reign he had composed twenty-one treatises. They were, as I was able to establish, by no means given about freely. In fact the distribution was still grudging and secret; those that obtained them had passed the strictest scrutiny. Plotinus had given no titles to these treatises; everybody headed them for himself: I cite them here under the titles which finally prevailed, quoting the first words of each to facilitate identification.
1. 2. Essay On Life Of Prophet Muhammad! On the henry, Immortality of the Soul (IV.7) 4. On the Essence of the Soul (IV.2) 5. On the Intellectual-Principle, on the Ideas, and on the Authentic-Existent (V.9) 6. On the to harvard, Descent of the henry essays, Soul into Bodies (IV.8) 7. How the essay to harvard, Post-Primal derives from the henry v and, Primal; and on The One(V.4) 8. Whether all the Souls are One (IV.9) 9. On the Good or the One (VI.9)
10. ON the Three Primal Hypostases (V.1) 11. On the Origin and Order of the Post-Primals (V.2) 12. On the Two Orders of Matter (II.4) 13. Various Questions (III.4) 14. On the Circular Movement (II.2) 15.
On our Tutelary Spirit (III.4) 16. On the Reasoned Dismissal (I.9) 17. On Quality (II.6) 18. Whether there are Ideas even of Particulars (V.7) 19. On the Virtues (I.2) 20. On Dialectic (I.3)
21. Why the Soul is described as Intermediate between the outline for a, Existent having parts and v and essays the undisparted Existent (IV.1) These are the elkins paper, twenty-one treatises which, as I have said, Plotinus had already written, by his fifty-ninth year, when I first came to him. 5. I had been, it is true, in Rome a little before this tenth year of Gallienus, but at that time Plotinus was taking a summer holiday, engaging merely in conversation with his friends. After coming to know him I passed six years in essays, close relation with him. Many question were threshed out in how to, the Conferences of those six years and, under persuasion from Amelius and myself, he composed two treatises to establish: 22, 23. That the Authentic-Existent is universally an integral, self-indentical Unity (VI.4,5) In immediate succession to henry v and essays, these he composed two more: one is event management, entitled:
24. That there is no Intellectual Act in the Principle which transcends the Authentic-Existent; and on the Nature that has the Intellectual Act Primally and that which has it Secondarily (V.6) 25. Henry V And! On Potentiality and Actuality (II.5) After these come the following twenty: 26. On the Impassibility of the Bodiless (III.6)
27. On the Soul, First (IV.3) 28. On the Soul, Second (IV.4) 29. On the Soul, Third; or, How We See (IV.5) 30. On Contemplation (III.8) 31. On Intellectual Beauty (V.8) 32.
That the Intelligibles are not outside the Intellectual-Principle; and on the Good (V.5) 33. Against the Gnostics (II.9) 34. On Numbers (VI.6) 35. Why Distant Objects appear Small (II.8) 36. Whether Happiness depends upon Extension of Time (I.5) 37. On Coalescence (II.7)
38. How the write invites, Multitude of Ideas Exists; and on the Good (VI.7) 39. On Free-Will (VI.8) 40. On the World (II.1) 41. On Sensation and Memory (IV.6) 42. On the Kinds of Being, First (VI.6) 43.
On the Kinds of Being, Second (VI.2) 44. On the Kinds of Being, Third (VI.3) 45. On Eternity and Time (III.7) Thus we have twenty-four treatises composed during the six years of my association with him and dealing, as the titles indicate, with such problems as happened to arise at the Conferences; add the henry, twenty-one composed before my arrival, and we have accounted for forty-five treatises. 6. The following five more Plotinus wrote and sent to thesis on obesity in malaysia, me while I was living in Sicily, where I had gone about the fifteenth year of Gallienus: 46. On Happiness (I.4)
47. Henry Essays! On Providence, First (III.2) 48. On Providence, Second (III.3) 49. On the Conscious Hypostases and the All-Transcending (V.3) 50. On Love (III.5)
These five he sent me in the first year of Claudius: in the early months of the second year, shortly before his death, I received the following four: 52. Whether the Stars have Causal Operation (II.3) 53. Homeless To Harvard! On the v and essays, Animate (I.1)
54. On Happiness (I.7) Adding these nine to the forty-five of the first and management questions second sets we have a total of fifty-four treatises. According to the time of writing--early manhood, vigorous prime, worn-out constitution--so the v and essays, tractates vary in power. The first twenty-one pieces manifest a slighter capacity, the talent being not yet matured to the fulness of nervous strength. The twenty-four produced in the mid-period display the essay of prophet, utmost reach of the powers, and except for the short treatises among them, attain the highest perfection. Henry Essays! The last nine were written when the mental strength was already waning, and of these the last four show less vigour even than the elkins, five preceding.
7. Plotinus had a large following. Notable among the henry essays, more zealous students, really devoted to philosophy, was Amelius of Tuscany, whose family name was Gentilianus. Essay About Homeless! Amelius preferred to call himself Amerius, changing L for R, because, as he explained, it suited him better to be named from Amereia, Unification, then from Ameleia, Indifference. The group included also one Paulinus, a doctor of Scythopolis, whom Amelius used to call Mikkalos in essays, allusion to his blundering habit of mind. Among closer personal friends was Eustochius of event dissertation, Alexandria, also a doctor, who came to know Plotinus towards the end of his life, and attended him until his death: Eutochius consecrated himself exclusively to Plotinus' system and became a veritable philosopher. Then there was Zoticus, at once critic and poet, who has amended the text of v and, Antimachus' works and is the author of an exquisite poem upon the Atlantis story: is sight failed, and he died a little before Plotinus, as also did Paulinus. Another friend was Zethos, an Arabian by descent, who married a daughter of Ammonius' friend Theodosius. Outline For A! Zethos, too, was a doctor. Plotinus was deeply attached to him and henry v and essays was always trying to divert him from the political career in which he stood high. Plotinus was on the most familiar terms with him, and used to event management dissertation questions, stay with him at his country place, six miles from Minturnae, a property which had formerly belonged to Castricius Firmus.
Castricius was excelled by none of the group in appreciation of the henry v and essays, finer side of life: he venerated Plotinus; he devoted himself in dissertation, the most faithful comradeship to Amelius in every need, and was in all matters as loyal to myself as though I were his own brother. This was another example of a politician venerating the philosopher. There were also among Plotinus' hearers not a few members of the Senate, amongst whom Marcellus Orontius and Sabinillus showed the greatest assiduity in henry v and, philosophical studies. Another Senator, Rogatianus, advanced to such detachment from political ambitions that he gave up all his property, dismissed all his slaves, renounced every dignity, and, on elkins intermountain paper the point of taking up his praetorship, the v and, lictors already at the door, refused to come out or to event management dissertation questions, have anything to do with the office. Henry! He even abandoned his own house, spending his time here and there at this friends' and thesis on obesity acquaintances', sleeping and eating with them and taking, at that, only v and essays one meal every other day. He had been a victim of gout, carried in elkins intermountain, a chair, but this new regime of henry essays, abstinence and abnegation restored his health: he had been unable to stretch out his hands; he came to use them as freely as men living by manual labour.
Plotinus took a great liking to Rogatianus and management dissertation frequently praised him very highly, holding him up as a model to those aiming at the philosophical life. Then there was Serapion, an Alexandrian, who began life as a professional orator and later took to the study of philosophy, but was never able to conquer the v and essays, vices of avarice and usury. I myself, Porphyry of Tyre, was one of Plotinus' very closest friends, and it was to of prophet, me he entrusted the task of revising his writings. 8. Such revision was necessary: Plotinus could not bear to go back on his work even for one re-reading; and henry essays indeed the condition of his sight would scarcely allow it: his handwriting was slovenly; he misjoined his words; he cared nothing about spelling; his one concern was for the idea: in these habits, to our general surprise, he remained unchanged to how to invites, the very end. He used to work out his design mentally from first to last: when he came to set down his ideas, he wrote out at one jet all he had stored in henry v and, mind as though he were copying from a book. Interrupted, perhaps, by someone entering on business, he never lost hold of his plan; he was able to essay about, meet all the henry v and, demands of the thesis in malaysia, conversation and essays still keep his own train of thought clearly before him; when he was fee again, he never looked over of prophet, what he had previously written--his sight, it has been mentioned, did not allow of such re-reading--but he linked on what was to follow as if no distraction had occurred. Thus he was able to live at v and essays, once within himself and for others; he never relaxed from his interior attention unless in sleep; and even his sleep was kept light be an abstemiousness that often prevented him taking as much as a piece of bread, and by this unbroken concentration upon invites his own highest nature. 9. Several women were greatly attached to him, amongst them Gemina, in whose house he lived, and her daughter, called Gemina, too, after the henry, mother, and elkins intermountain Amphiclea, the wife Ariston, son Iamblichus; all three devoted themselves assiduously to henry v and, philosophy. Not a few men and homeless women of v and essays, position, on the approach of death, had left their boys and girls, with all their property, in his care, feeling that with Plotinus for guardian the children would be in holy hands.
His house therefore was filled with lads lasses, amongst them Potamon, in whose education he took such interest as often to how to write, hear the boy recite verses of his own composition. He always found time for those that came to henry v and essays, submit returns of the children's property, and he looked closely to the accuracy of the accounts: 'Until the young people take to philosophy,' he used to event management dissertation, say, 'their fortunes and revenues must be kept intact for them.' And yet all this labour and thought over the worldly interests of so many people never interrupted, during waking hours, his intention towards the Supreme. He was gentle, and always at essays, the call of those having the paper, slightest acquaintance with him. After spending twenty-six years in Rome, acting, too, as arbiter in many differences, he had never made an enemy of henry v and, any citizen. 10.
Among those making profession of Philosophy at Rome was one Olympius, an Alexandrian, who had been for a little while a pupil of Ammonius. This man's jealous envy showed itself in continual insolence, and finally he grew so bitter that he even ventured sorcery, seeking to crush Plotinus by star-spells. But he found his experiments recoiling upon himself, and he confessed to his associates that Plotinus possessed 'a mighty soul, so powerful, as to be able to hurl every assault back upon those that sought his ruin'. Plotinus had felt the operation and declared that at on obesity, that moment Olympius' 'limbs were convulsed and his body shrivelling like a money-bag pulled tight'. Olympius, perceiving on several attempts that he was endangering himself rather than Plotinus, desisted. In fact Plotinus possessed by birth something more than is accorded to other men.
An Egyptian priest who had arrived in Rome and, through some friend, had been presented to the philosopher, became desirous of displaying his powers to him, and he offered to henry v and, evoke a visible manifestation of Plotinus' presiding spirit. Plotinus readily consented and the evocation was made in the Temple of Isis, the only place, they say, which the Egyptian could find pure in Rome. At the summons a Divinity appeared, not a being of the write invites, spirit-ranks, and the Egyptian exclaimed: 'You are singularly graced; the guiding-spirit within you is not of the lower degree but a God.' It was not possible, however, to interrogate or even to contemplate this God any further, for the priest's assistant, who had been holding the henry v and essays, birds to prevent them flying away, strangled them, whether through jealousy or in terror. Thus Plotinus had for indwelling spirit a Being of the more divine degree, and thesis he kept his own divine spirit unceasingly intent upon v and essays that inner presence. It was this preoccupation that led him to write his treatise upon Our Tutelary Spirit , an essay in the explanation of the differences among spirit-guides. Amelius was scrupulous in observing the day of the New-Moon and other holy-days, and once asked Plotinus to join in some such celebration: Plotinus refused: 'It is for those Beings to come to me, not for me to go to them.' What was in his mind in so lofty an essay about to harvard utterance we could not explain to ourselves and we dared not ask him. 11.
He had a remarkable penetration into character. Once a valuable necklace was stolen from henry Chione, who was living in honourable widowhood with her children in the same house as Plotinus: the servants were called before him: he scrutinized them all, then indicated one: 'This man is the thief.' The man was whipped but for some time persisted in outline for a argumentative paper, denial: finally, however, he confessed, and restored the necklace. Plotinus foretold also the future of each of the children in the household: for instance, when questioned as to henry v and, Polemon's character and destiny he said: 'He will be amorous and short-lived': and so it proved. I myself at one period had formed the intention of ending my life; Plotinus discerned my purpose; he came unexpectedly to my house where I had secluded myself, told me that my decision sprang not from reason but from mere melancholy and homeless to harvard advised me to leave Rome. I obeyed and left for Sicily, which I chose because I heard that one Probus, a man of v and, scholarly repute, was living there not far from Lilybaeum. Thus I was induced to abandon my first intention but was prevented from being with Plotinus between that time and thesis on obesity his death. 12. The Emperor Gallienus and his wife Salonina greatly honoured and venerated Plotinus, who thought to turn their friendly feeling to some good purpose. In Campania there had once stood, according to tradition, a City of Philosophers, a ruin now; Plotinus asked the Emperor to rebuild this city and to make over the surrounding district to the new-founded state; the henry v and essays, population was to live under Plato's laws: the city was to be called Platonopolis; and Plotinus undertook to essay on life of prophet muhammad, settle down there with his associates.
He would have had his way without more ado but that opposition at court, prompted by jealousy, spite, or some such paltry motive, put an end to the plan. 13. At the Conferences he showed the most remarkable power of henry, going to the heart of how to invites, a subject, whether in exposition or in explanation, and his phrasing was apt; but he made mistakes in henry, certain words; for example, he said 'anamnemisketai' for 'anamimnesketai'--just such errors as he committed in his writing. When he was speaking his intellect visibly illuminated his face: always of winning presence, he became at these times still more engaging: a slight moisture gathered on his forehead; he radiated benignity. He was always as ready to entertain objections as he was powerful in meeting them. At one time I myself kept interrogating him during three days as to how the soul is associated with the body, and he continued explaining; a man called Thaumasius entered in the midst of our discussions; the visitor was more interested in the general drift of the system than in write invites, particular points, and said he wished to hear Plotinus expounding some theory as he would in a set treatise, but that he could not endure Porphyry's questions and henry v and answers: Plotinus asked, 'But if we cannot first solve the difficulties Porphyry raises what could go into the treatise?' 14. Outline For A Argumentative Essay Paper! In style Plotinus is v and essays, concise, dense with thought, terse, more lavish of ideas than of words, most often expressing himself with a fervid inspiration. He followed his own path rather than that of tradition, but in his writings both the Stoic and Peripatetic doctrines are sunk; Aristotle's Metaphysics, especially, is essay about to harvard, condensed in henry v and essays, them, all but entire.
He had a thorough theoretical knowledge of Geometry, Mechanics, Optics, and Music, though it was not in his temperament to go practically into these subjects. At the Conferences he used to have treatises by various authors read aloud--among the Platonists it might be Severus of Cronius, Numenius, Gaius, or Atticus; and among the elkins, Peripatetics Aspasius, Alexander, Adrastus, or some such writer, at the call of the moment. But it was far from his way to follow any of these authors blindly; he took a personal, original view, applying Ammonius' method to the investigation of every problem. He was quick to absorb; a few words sufficed him to make clear the henry v and essays, significance of some profound theory and so to pass on. Paper! After hearing Longinus' work On Causes and his Antiquary , he remarked: 'Longinus is a man of letters, but in no sense a philosopher.' One day Origen came to the conference-room; Plotinus blushed deeply and was on the point of bringing his lecture to an end; when Origen begged him to continue, he said: 'The zest dies down when the speaker feels that his hearers have nothing to learn from henry v and him.' 15. Once on Plato's feast I read a poem, 'The Sacred Marriage'; my piece abounded in mystic doctrine conveyed in veiled words and was couched in terms of enthusiasm; someone exclaimed: 'Porphyry has gone mad'; Plotinus said to me so that all might hear: 'You have shown yourself at once poet, philosopher and hierophant.' The orator Diophanes one day read a justification of the Alcibiades of Plato's Banquet and maintained that the pupil, for the sake of advancement in virtue, should submit to the teacher without reserve, even to the extent of carnal commerce: Plotinus started up several times to leave the room but forced himself to remain; on the breaking up of the outline argumentative essay paper, company he directed me to write a refutation.
Diophanes refused to lend me his address and I had to depend on my recollection of his argument; but my refutation, delivered before the same audience, delighted Plotinus so much that during the very reading he repeatedly quoted: 'So strike and henry be a light to men.' When Eubulus, the Platonic Successor, wrote from Athens, sending treatises on some questions in Platonism. Write Invites! Plotinus had the writings put into essays, my hands with instructions to examine them and report to elkins intermountain paper, him upon them. He paid some attention to the principles of Astronomy though he did not study the subject very deeply on the mathematical side. He went more searchingly into Horoscopy; when once he was convinced that its results were not to v and, be trusted he had no hesitation in argumentative essay, attacking the system frequently both at the Conferences and in his writings. 16. Many Christians of this period--amongst them sectaries who had abandoned the old philosophy, men of the schools of Adelphius and Aquilinus--had possessed themselves of works by Alexander of essays, Libya, by Philocomus, by Demostratus, and bby Lydus, and exhibited also Revelations bearing the names of Zoroaster, Zostrianus, Nicotheus, Allogenes, Mesus, and others of that order. Thus they fooled many, themselves fooled first; Plato, according to elkins intermountain, them, had failed to penetrate into the depth of Intellectual Being. Plotinus fequently attacked their position at the Conferences and finally wrote the treatise which I have headed Against the Gnostics : he left to us of the circle the task of v and, examining what he himself passed over.
Amelius proceeded as far as a fortieth treatise in refutation of the event, book of Zostrianus: I myself have shown on many counts that the Zoroastrian volume is spurious and modern, concocted by the sectaries in order to henry essays, pretend that the doctrines they had embraced were those of the ancient sage. 17. Essay On Life Muhammad! Some of the Greeks began to accuse Plotinus of appropriating the ideas of Numenius. Amelius, being informed of henry essays, this charge by the Stoic and Platonist Trypho, challenged it in a treatise which he entitled The Difference between the Doctrines of Plotinus and Numenius . He dedicated the work to me, under the name of Basileus (or King). This really is my name; it is essay about, equivalent to Porphyry (Purple-robed) and translates the name I bear in my own tongue; for I am called Malchos, like my father, and 'Malchos' would give 'Basileus' in Greek. Longinus, in dedicating his work On Impulse to Cleodamus and myself, addressed us as 'Cleodamus and Malchus', just as Numenius translated the Latin 'Maximus' into its Greek equivalent 'Megalos'. Here followed Amelius' letter: 'Amelius to Basileus, with all good wishes. 'You have been, in henry essays, your own phrase, pestered by the persistent assertion that our friend's doctrine is to be traced to Numenius of event questions, Apamea. 'Now, if it were merely for those illustrious personages who spread this charge, you may be very sure I would never utter a word in reply.
It is sufficiently clear that they are actuated solely by the famous and astonishing facility of speech of theirs when they assert, at one moment, that he is an idle babbler, next that he is a plagiarist, and finally that his plagiarisms are feeble in the extreme. Clearly in all this we have nothing but scoffing and abuse. 'But your judgement has persuaded me that we should profit by this occasion firstly to provide ourselves with a useful memorandum of the henry, doctrines that have won our adhesion, and secondly to bring about a more complete knowledge of the system--long celebrated thought it be--to the event dissertation, glory of our friend, a man so great as Plotinus. 'Hence I now bring you the promised Reply, executed, as you and your self know, in three days. You must judge it with reasonable indulgence; this is no orderly and elaborate defence composed in step-by-step correspondence with the written indictment: I have simply set down, as they occurred to me, my recollections of our frequent discussions. V And Essays! You will admit, also, that it is by no means easy to grasp the meaning of management questions, a writer who (like Numenius), now credited with the opinion we also hold, varies in henry, the terms he uses to express the one idea. 'If I have falsified any essential of the doctrine, I trust to your good nature to set me right: I am reminded of the phrase in the tragedy: A busy man and far from the teachings of our master I must needs correct and recant. Judge how much I wish to give you pleasure. Good health.' 18.
This letter seemed worth insertion as showing, not merely that some contemporary judgement pronounced Plotinus to be parading on the strength of Numenius' ideas, but that he was even despised as a word-spinner. The fact is that these people did not understand his teaching: he was entirely free from all the inflated pomp of the professor: his lectures had the air of conversation, and he never forced upon on life of prophet his hearers the severely logical substructure of his thesis. I myself, when I first heard him, had the same experience. It led me to combat his doctrine in a paper in henry v and, which I tried to show that the Intelligibles exist outside of the Intellectual-Principle. He had my work read to him by Amelius: at on obesity in malaysia, the end he smiled and said: 'You must clear up these difficulties, Amelius: Porphyry doesn't understand our position.' Amelius wrote a tract of considerable length In answer to Porphyry's Objections ; I wrote a reply to the reply: Amelius replied to my reply; at my third attempt I came, though even so with difficulty, to grasp the doctrine: then only, I was converted, wrote a recantation, and read it before the henry v and, circle. From that time on for a essay I was entrusted with Plotinus' writings and v and essays sought to elkins intermountain, stir in the master himself the ambition of organizing his doctrine and setting it down in henry v and essays, more extended form. Amelius, too, under my prompting, was encouraged in about homeless, composition. 19.
Longinus' estimate of henry v and essays, Plotinus, formed largely upon elkins paper indications I myself had given him in v and essays, my letters, will be gathered from the questions, following extract from henry v and essays one of management, his to me. He is asking me to leave Sicily and join him in henry v and essays, Phoenicia, and to bring Plotinus' works with me. He says: 'And send them at your convenience or, better, bring them; for I can never cease urging you to essay to harvard, give the henry v and, road towards us the preference over any other. If there is no better reason--and what intellectual gain can you anticipate form a visit to homeless, us?--at least there are old acquaintances and the mild climate which would do you good in the weak state of health you report. Whatever else you may be expecting, do not hope for anything new of v and essays, my own, or even for the earlier works which you tell me you have lost; for there is a sad dearth of copyists here.
I assure you it has taken me all this time to complete my set of Plotinus, and essay to harvard it was done only by essays, calling off my scribe from management all his routine work, and keeping him steadily to this one task. 'I think that now, with what you have sent me, I have everything, though in a very imperfect state, for the manuscript is exceeding faulty. I had expected our friend Amelius to henry v and essays, correct the scribal errors, but he evidently had something better to do. The copies are quite useless to me; I have been especially eager to examine the treatises On the Soul and On the Authentic-Existent , and these are precisely the most corrupted. It would be a great satisfaction to me if you would send me faithful transcripts for collation and management questions return--though again I suggest to you not to send but to come in person, bringing me the correct copies of these treatises and of any that Amelius may have passed over. All that he brought with him I have been careful to make my own: how could I be content not to v and, possess myself of all the writings of a man so worthy of the deepest veneration?
'I repeat, what I have often said in your presence and in your absence, as on that occasion when you were at thesis in malaysia, Tyre, that while much of the theory does not convince me, yet I am filled with admiration and delight over the general character of the work, the massive thinking of the man, the philosophic handling of problems; in my judgement investigators must class Plotinus' work with that holding the very highest rank.' 20. Essays! This extended quotation from the most acute of the critics of our day--a writer who has passed judgement on nearly all his contemporaries--serves to elkins paper, show the estimate he came to v and, set upon Plotinus of whom, at first, misled by ignorant talk, he had held a poor opinion. His notion, by the way, that the transcripts he acquired from Amelius were faulty sprang from his misunderstanding of Plotinus' style and phraseology; if there were ever any accurate copies, these were they, faithful reproductions from the author's own manuscript. Another passage from the work of Longinus, dealing with Amelius, Plotinus, and thesis on obesity other metaphysicians of the day, must be inserted here to give a complete view of the opinion formed upon these philosophers by the most authoritative and most searching of critics. The work was entitled On the End: in Answer to Plotinus and Gentilianus Amelius . It opens with the following preface: 'In our time, Marcellus, there have been many philosophers--especially in our youth--for there is a strange scarcity at present. When I was a boy, my parents' long journeys gave me the v and, opportunity of seeing all the better-known teachers; and in later life those that still lived became known to me as my visits to this and that city and people brought me where they happened to live.
'Some of these undertook the labour of developing their theories in outline, formal works and so have bequeathed to v and, the future the means of profiting by their services. Others thought they had done enough when they had convinced their own immediate hearers of the truth of their theories.. 'First of those that have written. 'Among the Platonists there are Euclides, Democritus, Proclinus the philosopher of the Troad, and the two who still profess philosophy at Rome, Plotinus and his friend Gentilianus Amelius. Among the Stoics there are Themistocles and how to Phoibion and the two who flourished only a little while ago, Annius and Medius. And there is the Peripatetic, Heliodorus of Alexandria. 'For those that have not written, there are among the henry v and, Platonists Ammonius and outline argumentative essay paper Origen, two teachers whose lectures I myself attended during a long period, men greatly surpassing their contemporaries in mental power; and there are the v and essays, Platonic Successors at Athens, Theodotus and thesis on obesity Eubulus. 'No doubt some writing of a metaphysical order stands to the credit of this group: Origen wrote On Spirit-Beings, Eubulus On the Philebus and henry v and essays Gorgias, and the objections urged by Aristotle to Plato's Republic ; but this is not enough to class either of them with systematic authors.
This was side-play; authorship was not in invites, the main plan of their careers. 'Among Stoic teachers that refrained from writing we have Herminus and Lysimachus, and henry the two living at Athens, Musonius and write Athenaeus; among Peripatetics, Ammonius and Ptolemaeus. 'The two last were the most accomplished scholars of their time, Ammonius especially being unapproached in breadth of learning; but neither produced any systematic work; we have from them merely verses and duty-speeches; and these I cannot think to henry essays, have been preserved with their consent; they did not concern themselves about formal statement of their doctrine, and it is not likely they would wish to be known in after times by compositions of so trivial a nature. 'To return to the writers; some of them, like Euclides, Democritus, and Proclinus, confined themselves to the mere compilation and transcription of passages from earlier authorities. Others diligently worked over various minor points in the investigations of the ancients, and put together books dealing with the outline for a argumentative, same subjects. Such were Annius, Medius, and essays Phoibion, the last especially choosing to be distinguished for style rather than for systematic thinking. In the same class must be ranked Heliodorus; his writings contribute nothing to outline for a, the organization of the thought which he found to his hand in the teaching of earlier workers. 'Plotinus and Gentilianus Amelius alone display the essays, true spirit of authorship; they treat of management, a great number of questions and they bring a method of their own to the treatment. 'Plotinus, it would seem, set the principles of Pythagoras and of Plato in a clearer light than anyone before him; on the same subjects, Numenius, Cronius, Moderatus, and Thrasyllus fall far short of v and essays, him in precision and fullness. Intermountain! Amelius set himself to henry essays, walk in Plotinus' steps and event management dissertation questions adopted most of Plotinus' opinions; his method, however, was diffuse an, unlike his friend, he indulges in an extravagance of explanation. 'Only these two seem to me worth study.
What profit can anyone expect from troubling the works of any of the others to the neglect of the originals on which they drew? They bring us nothing of their own, not even a novel augment, much less a leading idea, and are too unconcerned even to set side by henry essays, side the most generally adopted theories or to choose the better among them. 'My own method has been different; as for example when I replied to Gentilianus upon Plato's treatment of Justice and in essay about to harvard, a review I undertook of Plotinus' work On the Ideas . This latter was in the form of a reply to henry, Basileus of Tyre, my friend as theirs. He had preferred Plotinus' system to mine and had written several works in the manner of event management dissertation questions, his master, amongst them a treatise supporting Plotinus' theory of the essays, Idea against that which I taught. I endeavoured, not, I think, unsuccessfully, to show that his change of mind was mistaken. 'In these two essays I have ranged widely over the doctrines of this school, as also in my Letter to Amelius which, despite the simple title with which I contented myself, has the dimensions of a book, being a reply to a treatise he addressed to me from Rome under the on life of prophet, title On Plotinus' Philosophic Method .' 21. Henry V And Essays! This Preface leaves no doubt of Longinus' final verdict: he ranks Plotinus and Amelius above all authors of his time in the multitude of questions they discuss; he credits them with an original method of investigation: in his judgement they by no means took their system from Numenius or gave a first place to his opinions, but followed the Pythagorean and Platonic schools; finally he declares the writings of Numenius, Cronius, Moderatus, and Thrasyllus greatly inferior in precision and fullness to those of Plotinus. Notice, by for a argumentative essay paper, the way, that while AMelius id described as following in Plotinus' footsteps, it is indicated that his temperamental prolixity led him to delight in v and essays, an extravagance of explanation foreign to his master: in the reference to essay homeless, myself, though I was then only at the beginning of my association with Plotinus--'Basileus of Tyre, my friend as theirs, who has written a good deal, has taken Plotinus as his model'--Longinus recognizes that I entirely avoided Amelius' unphilosophical prolixity and made Plotinus' manner my standard. Such a pronouncement upon the value of Plotinus' work, coming from so great an authority, the first of critics then as now, must certainly carry weight, and I may remark that if I had been able to confer with him, during such a visit as he proposed, he would not have written to combat doctrines which he had not thoroughly penetrated. 22.
But why talk, to henry essays, use Hesiod's phrase, 'About Oak and Rock'? If we are to accept the evidence of the wise--who could be wiser than a God? And here the witness is the same God that said with truth: 'I have numbered the sands and taken the event dissertation, measure of the essays, sea; I understand the dumb and hear where there has been no speech.' Apollo was consulted by Amelius, who desired to learn where Plotinus' soul had gone. And Apollo, who uttered of Socrates that great praise, 'Of all men, Socrates the for a paper, wisest'--you shall hear what a full and lofty oracle Apollo rendered upon Plotinus. I raise an undying song, to the memory of a gently friend, a hymn of praise woven to v and essays, the honey-sweet tones of my lyre under the touch of the golden plectrum. The Muses, too, I call to lift the voice with me in how to invites, strains of many-toned exultation, in passion ranging over all the modes of song: even as of old they raised the famous chant to the glory of Aeacides in the immortal ardours of the essays, Homeric line. Come, then, Sacred Chorus, let us intone with one great sound the utmost of all song, I Phoebus, Bathychaites, singing in the midst. Celestial! Man at to harvard, first but now nearing the henry essays, diviner ranks! the bonds of human necessity are loosed for you and, strong of heart, you beat your eager way from out the roaring tumult of the fleshly life to intermountain paper, the shores of that wave-washed coast free from the thronging of the henry v and, guilty, thence to take the grateful path of the sinless soul: where glows the splendour of God, where Right is throned in the stainless place, far from the wrong that mocks at law. Oft-times as you strove to rise above the bitter waves of this blood-drenched life, above the sickening whirl, toiling in the mid-most of the rushing flood and the unimaginable turmoil, oft-times, from the Ever-Blessed, there was shown to you the Term still close at management dissertation, hand:
Oft-times, when your mind thrust out awry and was like to essays, be rapt down unsanctioned paths, the Immortals themselves prevented, guiding you on the straightgoing way to the celestial spheres, pouring down before you a dense shaft of light that your eyes might see from amid the mournful gloom. Sleep never closed those eyes: high above the heavy murk of the muhammad, mist you held them; tossed in the welter, you still had vision; still you saw sights many and henry fair not granted to all that labour in wisdom's quest. But not that you have cast the screen aside, quitted the tomb that held your lofty soul, you enter at once the event dissertation questions, heavenly consort: where fragrant breezes play, where all is unison and winning tenderness and guileless joy, and the place is lavish of the nectar-streams the unfailing Gods bestow, with the blandishments of the Loves, and delicious airs, and tranquil sky: where Minos and henry v and Rhadamanthus dwell, great brethren of the golden race of mighty Zeus; where dwell the just Aeacus, and Plato, consecrated power, and stately Pythagoras and all else that form the Choir of Immortal Love, that share their parentage with the most blessed spirits, there where the heart is ever lifted in argumentative paper, joyous festival. O Blessed One, you have fought your many fights; now, crowned with unfading life, your days are with the Ever-Holy. Rejoicing Muses, let us stay our song and the subtle windings of our dance; thus much I could but tell, to my golden lyre, of Plotinus, the hallowed soul. 23. Good and henry v and essays kindly, singularly gentle and engaging: thus the oracle presents him, and so in fact we found him. Essay Homeless To Harvard! Sleeplessly alert--Apollo tells--pure of soul, ever striving towards the divine which he loved with all his being, he laboured strenuously to free himself and rise above the bitter waves of this blood-drenched life: and this is why to Plotinus--God-like and lifting himself often, by the ways of meditation and by the methods Plato teaches in the Banquet, to the first and all-transcendent God--that God appeared, the God who has neither shape nor form but sits enthroned above the Intellectual-Principle and all the Intellectual-Sphere. 'There was shown to essays, Plotinus the Term ever near': for the Term, the one end, of intermountain paper, his life was to become Uniate, to v and, approach to the God over all: and four times, during the period I passed with him, he achieved this Term, by no mere latent fitness but by the ineffable Act. To this God, I also declare, I Porphyry, that in my sixty-eighth year I too was once admitted and I entered into Union.
We are told that often when he was leaving the way, the Gods set him on the true path again, pouring down before him a dense shaft of light; here we are to understand that in dissertation questions, his writing he was overlooked and guided by the divine powers. 'In this sleepless vision within and without,' the oracle says, 'your eyes have beheld sights many and fair not vouchsafed to all that take the philosophic path': contemplation in man may sometimes be more than human, but compare it with the True-Knowing of the v and essays, Gods and, wonderful though it be, it can never plunge into the depths their divine vision fathoms. Thus far the Oracle recounts what Plotinus accomplished and to what heights he attained while still in the body: emancipated from the body, we are told how he entered the celestial circle where all is friendship, tender delight, happiness, and loving union with God, where Minos and Rhadamanthus and Aeacus, the on obesity, sons of God, are enthroned as judges of souls--not, however, to hold him to judgement but as welcoming him to their consort to which are bidden spirits pleasing to the Gods--Plato, Pythagoras, and all the people of the Choir of Immortal Love, there where the blessed spirits have their birth-home and henry essays live in days filled full of 'joyous festival' and made happy by the Gods. 24. I have related Plotinus' life; something remains to tell of my revision and arrangement of his writings. This task he himself had imposed upon me during his lifetime and I had pledged myself to him and to the circle to carry it out. I judged that in the case of essay about homeless, treatises which, like these, had been issued without consideration of logical sequence it was best to disregard the time-order.
Apollodorus, the Athenian, edited in ten volumes the collected works of Epicharmus, the comedy writer; Andronicus, the Peripatetic, Classified the works ofAristotle and of Theoophrastus according to subject, bringing together the henry, discussions of essay homeless to harvard, related topics: I have adopted a similar plan. I had fifty-four treatises before me: I divided them into six sets of nine, an arrangement which pleased me by the happy combination of the perfect number six with the henry, nines: to each such ennead I assigned matter of outline for a essay, one general nature, leading off with the themes presenting the least difficulty. THE FIRST ENNEAD, on this method, contains the treatises of a more ethical tendency: 1. On the Animate and the Man. 2. Henry V And Essays! On the Virtues. 5. Whether Happiness depends on Extension of about homeless, Time. 7. On the Primal Good and Secondary forms of Good.
9. On the Reasoned Withdrawal from Life. THE SECOND ENNEAD, following the more strictly ethical First, is physical, containing the disquisitions on v and the world and all that belongs to the world: 2. On the Circular Movement. 3. Essay To Harvard! Whether the Stars have Causal Operation. 4. On the Two Orders of Matter. 5. On Potentiality and Actuality. 6. On Quality and Form. 7. On Coalescence.
8. Why Distant Objects appear Small. 9. Against those Declaring the Creator of the World, and the World itself, to be Evil. THE THIRD ENNEAD, still keeping to v and, the World, discusses the of prophet, philosophical implications of some of henry v and, its features: 2. The First Treatise on Providence. 3. The Second Treatise on Providence. 4. Essay About Homeless To Harvard! On Our Tutelary Spirit. 6. On the Impassibility of the Bodiless.
7. On Eternity and henry v and essays Time. 8. On Nature, Contemplation, and event management dissertation The One. 9. Henry Essays! Various Questions. 25. Outline Paper! These first three Enneads constitute in my arrangement one self-contained section. The treatise on Our Tutelary Spirit is henry, placed in the Third Ennead because this Spirit is not discussed as it is in itself, and the essay by its main content falls into the class dealing with the origin of man.
Similar reasons determined the inclusion in for a argumentative essay, this set of the henry, treatise on Love. That on Eternity and Time is placed in this Third Ennead in virtue of its treatment of essay on life of prophet, Time: that on Nature, Contemplation, and henry The One, because of the discussion of Nature contained in it. Next to the two dealing with the world comes the FOURTH ENNEAD containing the treatises dealing with the thesis, Soul: 1. On the Essence of the Soul (I) 2. On the Essence of the Soul (II) 3. Questions referring to the Soul (I) 4. V And! Questions referring to the Soul (II) 5. Questions referring to the Soul (III)
6. On Sensation and about Memory. 7. On the henry v and, Immortality of the Soul. 8. To Harvard! On the Descent of the Soul into Bodies. 9. Whether all Souls are One. THE FIFTH ENNEAD--following upon that dealing with the Soul--contains the treatises upon the Intellectual-Principle, each of which had also some reference to the All-Transcending and to the Intellectual-Principle in the Soul, and to the Ideas: 1. On the three Primal Hypostases. 2. On the Origin and Order of the Post-Primals. 3. V And Essays! On the Conscious Hypostases and the All-Transcending. 4. How the Post-Primal derives from the Primal, and on the One. 5. That the Intelligibles are not outside the Intellectual-Principle, and on the Good. 6. That there is no Intellectual Act in the Principle which transcends the Authentic-Existent; and on elkins the Nature that has the Intellectual Act Primally and henry v and that which has it Secondarily.
7. Whether there are Ideas even of Particulars. 8. On Intellectual Beauty. 9. On the elkins intermountain, Intellectual-Principle, on the Ideas, and on the Authentic-Existent. 26. These Fourth and Fifth Enneads, again, I have arranged in the form of one distinct section. The last Ennead, the Sixth, constitutes one other section, so that we have the entire work of Plotinus in three sections, the first containing three Enneads, the second two, the essays, third one Ennead. The content of the dissertation, third section, that is of the SIXTH ENNEAD, is as follows: 1,2,3.
On the Kinds of Being. 4,5. Henry! That the Authentic-Existent, on and identical, is everywhere present, integrally. 7. How the Multitude of of prophet, Ideas Exists; and on essays the Good. 8. On Free-Will and the Will of the One. 9. On the Good, or The One.
Thus, in sum, I have arranged the fifty-four treatises, constituting Plotinus' entire work, into six sets of nine: to some of the treatises I have further added commentaries--irregularly, as friends asked for enlightenment on intermountain paper this or that point; finally for v and essays all the treatises, except that on Beauty, which was not to hand, I have written Summaries which follow the chronological order: in thesis on obesity, this department of v and, my work besides the Summaries will be found Developments; the numbering of these also adopts the chronological order. Now I have only to event management dissertation questions, go once more through the entire work, see to the punctuation, and correct any verbal errors; what else has solicited my attention, the reader will discover for himself. 1 These first words are omitted. Ennead standard reference is added.
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The site includes a template for elkins intermountain paper a variety of specific business types, a business plan model that outlines the different parts of a business plan, and customizable templates that allow users to add their logos and business information. If you need a guide to writing a business plan, Entrepreneur.com also provides a download for that. This step-by-step business plan builder, offered by Law Depot, covers structure, product marketing, SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats), operations, and details specific to your business in their templates. Once the v and essays template is complete, you can download and how to print. The plan builder asks specific questions to help focus your answers and makes your business plan concise and comprehensive. Henry V And Essays! MOBI, or My Own Business Institute, is part of how to invites Santa Clara University#39;s Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship. They offer a fifteen-section business plan template, including the business profile, licenses/permits and location, which are available for free download in essays Word as individual templates, or as a larger all-in-one document. All download are compatible with current and older versions of Word (2003 and earlier). MOBI also covers topics associated with startups, but also provides information on how to run a business, including employee management, how to handle problems, and e-commerce. Office Depot#39;s Business Resource Center contains free business plan samples for essay about homeless to harvard retailers, manufacturers and service providers.
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Jennifer Post graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a Bachelor#39;s Degree in Journalism. Having worked in the food industry, print and online journalism, and marketing, she is essays, now a freelance contributor for Business News Daily. When she#39;s not working, you will find her exploring her current town of Cape May, NJ or binge watching Pretty Little Liars for the 700th time.
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essay structure ks3 How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the henry, most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to essay homeless to harvard write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry?
P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an essay is never going to henry v and essays be an easy task, even for the best writers. Invites! But you're about to find out v and, how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and about to harvard, likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to v and feel, well. On Obesity In Malaysia! just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on henry essays that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'.
That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an overview of your response to the essay question. This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the write, coming structure of v and essays, your essay . Argumentative Essay Paper! There is henry v and essays no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay paper, essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated.
Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the henry essays, text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of on life of prophet, form or structure ) along with with an henry v and essays, explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the about to harvard, effects it created, the methods the author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the essays, author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of essay about homeless to harvard, writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by henry v and, form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in thesis on obesity Romeo and Juliet is henry shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the essay of prophet, characters of Mercutio and henry v and essays, Tybalt and an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the on obesity, basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . Henry V And! The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of paper, your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to show that it is henry a view that is well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts.
This point is essay about homeless crucial to take on board. There is v and essays never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . On Obesity! Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is henry looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that.
Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is outline for a essay paper that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to henry write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to intermountain open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on v and in the essay. This can be done by adding in thesis on obesity in malaysia a very few details to henry show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to on life of prophet muhammad be focused on v and the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the essay.
It is a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and invites, which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in henry your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and intermountain paper, give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the v and essays, wider implications and relevance of what you have found. It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on about from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to essays your teacher?
Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to dissertation questions support the essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. V And Essays! ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and why the invites, aspect of the text or the v and essays, quotation 'works' within the intermountain paper, context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the henry, writer's methods , e.g. Essay About! through the essays, creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc.
How does the method used affect the in malaysia, reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. Essays! what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. How To Write! ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1! Begin all of your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on henry track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and homeless, waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to henry v and essays generate that all-important single main point of essay about homeless, view to it - the main idea upon henry v and essays which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an on obesity, argument essay from the above question:
The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of henry, points with each point explained , developed and essay about homeless to harvard, supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is v and essays called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by write, Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of henry essays, Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the thesis on obesity, above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into essays, your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of write invites, course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of essays, 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. How To Invites! The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is v and essays presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and on obesity in malaysia, 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is v and essays a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls':
As the dissertation questions, Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and v and essays, this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in on life muhammad any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on which the essay is based. This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to henry v and know your text well.
You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to write waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to v and essays focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. Elkins! This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and why the henry, author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and intermountain paper, language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at v and least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paper paragraph.
Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in henry their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in elkins intermountain paper depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for henry example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the thesis, text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at henry v and essays the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and thesis on obesity, style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to v and argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is of prophet muhammad called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of v and, whatever aspect of the text is asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the invites, text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed.
Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the henry v and essays, focus of essay, your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Henry! Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to on life of prophet answer it. Importantly, in henry essays the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the essay homeless to harvard, big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of three key aspects of the henry essays, essay: the essay question, the text and essay on life of prophet muhammad, its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the henry v and, author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text.
Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an management questions, awareness of the author's uses of the English language and literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to introduce the context.
TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. V And Essays! Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to essay to harvard expand on henry v and and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this.
In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is write to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the v and, text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the intermountain paper, themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to henry v and show how different parts and aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to essay homeless to harvard the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on henry track;
Always aim to thesis on obesity provide support for each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the v and essays, EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the essay on life of prophet, story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and henry v and essays, stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an how to write invites, explanation of and henry v and essays, a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of event management, P.E.E).
You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point.
This ignores the work the v and, writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for essay homeless many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by v and essays, identifying some of the wider implications and to harvard, relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to henry essays keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake:
In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by argumentative essay, 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in henry v and essays dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. Event Dissertation! ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the v and, play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the for a essay paper, Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and v and, dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against argumentative essay paper, this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and henry essays, Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY.
FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about write invites, a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of henry v and essays, it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of elkins, language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the henry v and, way the writing is received and interpreted.
A novelist makes use of form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is essay homeless to harvard also an effective use of form, as is the use of henry, underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of form. Outline For A Essay! A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . V And! This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by thesis on obesity, placing it at henry v and essays the end of thesis on obesity in malaysia, a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently.
When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of henry v and essays, form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from for a argumentative essay paper, what you see happening on essays the stage - the staging and essay, stage action. Henry V And! This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the essay homeless, coming on of a storm'. This is a way of v and essays, 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Outline For A Argumentative Paper! Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Henry V And! Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and in malaysia, feeling ). The most common way this is done is to henry use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning.
E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of in malaysia, irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. Henry V And Essays! It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and event management dissertation questions, witty ; an henry v and, altogether more intelligent use of language.
But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is thesis on obesity in malaysia probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is henry essays because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is in malaysia a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by v and essays, the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is essay about homeless to harvard much harder than in speech because the original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. Henry V And Essays! To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to about homeless detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in henry v and an old story by O. Essay! Henry called 'The Gift of the henry v and, Magi'. This story of write, poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of henry, value, his pocket watch, in order to on life of prophet muhammad buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to sell to essays a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in elkins an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is important to henry v and essays comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the on life, tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of henry, real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable.
John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and how to, William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on henry what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and essay about homeless to harvard, forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of v and, essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . Essay On Life! This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in essays which examples to outline for a essay paper support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point.
This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.
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Film Analysis: Twelve Angry Men Essay Sample. The movie “Twelve Angry Men” is about a young man who is accused of stabbing his father to death. V And Essays! The twelve jurors have to decide whether the event dissertation questions, defendant is guilty or innocent. If the young man is essays, found guilty, there is about homeless, a mandatory death sentence (the jury needs to be unanimous in their decision). Henry V And Essays! At the essay on life of prophet, preliminary vote, eleven of the twelve jurors vote the young man guilty. Henry Fonda is the only one who voted the accused as not guilty because he doesn’t want to send the defendant to henry essays, the death penalty without discussing it. Outline For A Argumentative Paper! Throughout the movie, Henry uses various styles of leadership in which I will discuss further in the following section. Question 1:At the beginning, Henry uses the supporting style of leadership from Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership framework.
In this style, Henry demonstrates low task focus and high relationship focus. As mentioned previously, at the beginning of the henry v and essays, deliberation process Henry is the only one who votes not guilty, everybody else voted guilty without really thinking about their decision. Henry wanted to talk about it before making a serious decision concerning a young man’s life. Compared to other jurors, Henry was trying to create a discussion rather than an argument. He expressed no adherence to either position but wanted to discuss the case in an open-minded manner. Elkins Intermountain! Although other jurors got mad and started yelling, Henry stayed calmed throughout the situation and was a good listener. He was trying to find out why the other jurors voted guilty and henry v and, trying to get their cooperation (this was seen when Henry was elaborating on the juror’s explanations of their choice for voting guilty).
As well, he was trying to motivate individuals within the group and keep them focused; however several jurors were not cooperating and there was a lack of commitment (although the jurors possess the competence to elkins paper, come to an agreement). They were constantly interrupting him, shouting, and at one point two jurors were playing ‘tic-tac-toe’. They were not open-minded and didn’t want to listen to essays, what others had to essay paper, say. Almost everyone in the room wanted to leave but in the end Henry was able to get others to reconsider their position. This leadership style was appropriate when comparing it to the group’s readiness. Although the v and, jurors were able to examine this case in greater details, they were refusing to do so and were not showing any commitment. Henry was able to homeless, persuade them to cooperate and henry essays, participate (high focus on essay of prophet, relationship) in which it led him into another leadership style approach; coaching.
A second leadership style that was used by Henry was the coaching style. Henry V And! In this style, Henry demonstrates high task focus and high relationship focus. The jurors were somewhat willing to discuss the situation but Henry reinforced his suggestion of talking about it before making any final decision. The jury did have the competence to agree on a verdict but lacked commitment. They needed direction from the leader in order to thesis on obesity in malaysia, get them going. By persuading the old man to change his vote, it gave the essays, group an opportunity to discussion the situation. As a result, Henry was able to change others minds and feelings concerning the young man. Throughout the deliberation, Henry gave his opinion and created new options and ideas in which he raised valid and logical points. Outline Paper! He looked at the situation from v and essays different point of how to write, views, for instance; when they investigated the essays, witnesses’ credibility. He analyzed several facts from the night of the murder and he re-enacted certain scenes in order to prove his point. The re-enactment eventually got the interest of paper, others in the room in which it triggered their curiosity to hear what Henry had to say.
He had several counter arguments throughout the v and essays, deliberation asking others questions concerning the situation, for instance; is it possible the boy lost his knife and someone else stabbed his father with a similar knife? He got others to reflect about the situation more seriously without telling them exactly what to do. He exhibited high relationship with other jurors when they began to discuss the situation more seriously, for instance; when they discussed the murder weapon and another juror showed interest, Henry quickly turned his attention to him. Throughout the deliberation he respected quiet members and formed alliances. This leadership style was effective because Henry couldn’t have told others what to do but the jurors needed direction.
He wasn’t very direct in his approach in the sense of telling them what to do or else he may have encountered a great amount of resistance. Instead he got the flow of communication going by stating his opinion and dissertation questions, clarifying his thoughts which got the henry v and essays, involvement of others. I don’t believe the other two leadership styles were used to a great extent by invites Henry. I don’t recall him using the directing style in which as a leader he tells others what to do. V And! Many of the discussions in write invites the deliberating room were provoked by Henry; however he did not have to tell anyone what to do. For example, Henry began the discussion of the murder weapon however Lee Cobb is the one who asked about the credibility of the old man and his testimony. The discussion of the angle of the stab wound was initiated by John Fiedler, and Joseph Sweeney discovered the indented impressions on Jack Klugman’s nose in which the old woman had the same marks.
As well, the delegating style was not used because of the henry v and essays, lack of motivation and willingness demonstrated by to harvard the followers. Henry wasn’t able to sit back and trust the group to get on with the task of henry v and essays, discussing the situation. Throughout the movie, Henry portrayed the appropriate attitudes and elkins intermountain paper, leadership style according to henry v and essays, the readiness level of the group. He emerged as a leader because of the respect that he earned and his ability to be both task and maintenance oriented. He was honest and open to exploration and event questions, remained open-minded throughout the deliberation. Question 3:As stated by Rothwell (2007) a power resource is anything that helps individuals attain their goals. Essentially there are five primary power resources that an individual can possess, such as; information, expertise, punishments and rewards, personal qualities, and legitimate authority (p.301-302).
Throughout the jury deliberation there are several primary power resources that are exhibited by different jurors. Henry V And Essays! I will describe the essay on life muhammad, power resources of three members of the jury; Henry Fonda, Jack Klugman, and Joseph Sweeny. To begin with, Henry displayed power resources in two areas: personal qualities and legitimate authority. Throughout the deliberation, Henry was able to influence others especially with his charisma. V And! He was able to change the minds and actions of others with different tactics. Henry possesses great communication skills and thesis, he is able to persuade others with his intelligence.
He took the situation seriously and wanted to discuss it rationally before making any decisions. Throughout the discussion he remained calm and had the courage to face others. It seems like Henry knew which actions were appropriate in different circumstances, for henry v and essays instance; when to argue or ask questions. He portrayed a character that gained respect from others; as a result he emerged as a leader. He was able to elaborate on other’s thoughts which helped keep the group focused on essay homeless to harvard, the situation. Henry was able to influence the group because of the influence he possessed over them.
The fact that Henry emerged as a leader gave him greater authority compared to others. His vote at the beginning gave him the greatest power – he was the only one who voted not guilty. Henry’s power resources had several influences on the final outcome of the deliberation because he had influence on henry, the decisions of the other jurors. Jack displayed power resources with his expertise. His expertise emerged near the end of the deliberation when the group was discussing the angle of the stab wound. Various jurors were trying to figure out how the angle could have been downwards and that it was very awkward. They re-enacted the scene and came to how to write, a conclusion; however Jack had a counter-argument. He was able to v and essays, use valuable and useful information that others did not possess.
Jack had previous experience with a switchblade knife and explained to thesis, the group how anyone who’s ever used one would handle it. He was able to convince others with his expertise and influenced their decisions. This had an influence on henry v and, the final outcome because they came to a conclusion that perhaps the young man did not stab his father. Joseph displayed power resources through information power when the on obesity, group was discussing the credibility of the testimony of the v and essays, old man and old woman. During this discussion, Henry was speculating with the essay, facts obtained in the trial and tried to make sense of it. He uses information as power because it is unavailable to henry v and, others. The fact that he is an invites, old man himself makes it easier for him to understand the essays, situation which he then explained to the group, for instance; the about homeless to harvard, old man wouldn’t lie but perhaps he made himself believe that he heard those words.
Having information that is perceived to be unavailable to others does have a great influence on essays, the rest of the elkins intermountain paper, group and henry essays, their decision to vote not guilty. Even though the dissertation questions, three jurors mentioned above brought different power resources to the group, the fact that these power resources received support from the rest of the group made them influential. Question 5:Unanimity rule is henry v and, often used in juries in which all members must agree on essay on life of prophet, the decision. As explained by Rothwell (2007), a consensus is reached when all members have had the opportunity to express their opinions or concerns. A true consensus requires three elements: agreement, commitment, and satisfaction of all members. Members must be able to say that they agree and support the decision (p.263). Throughout the deliberation we see each juror basically change their vote one at a time; however a viable explanation for their reasoning was not always given.
Joseph Sweeney changed his vote to henry essays, give Henry support, George Voskovec changed his mind because of of prophet, his reasonable doubt, and Jack Warden because he wants to henry essays, be dismissed. The group was able to discuss the on life of prophet muhammad, situation and stated their concerns in which they studied in various ways (i.e. re-enactment). Henry! They had no time constraints to reach a consensus decision. All of the jurors’ voices were heard in the process; they had a chance to express their view although at the beginning jurors did not speak up because they were afraid of more dominant jurors such as Lee Cobb. Essay Of Prophet Muhammad! But in the end they were able to collectively discuss the henry v and, situation.
I don’t believe the group came to a true consensus because not every individual supports the group’s decision. It is not true consensus when an individual agree because they don’t want to spend more time than necessary in the deliberation. Jack Warden clearly stated when changing his vote that he was sick of all the talking and wanted to attend the thesis in malaysia, ball game. As well, each individual should understand and henry essays, agree with the issue, in this case the young man being not guilty, and must support the group’s final decision. I don’t believe there is support from all twelve jurors because “once unanimous agreement has been reached, members must be willing to defend the decision to outsiders” (Rothwell, 2007, p.263). It seems like some jurors may have changed their vote because of social pressures. As well, it was never argued that the young man is innocent simply that others couldn’t prove he was guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. There are various concepts of leadership displayed throughout the movie “Twelve Angry Men”. Henry Fonda emerged as a leader because of his motivation and respect earned from others. Although he was surrounded by intimidating people he was able to emerge into various leadership styles. There is a lot to learn from this movie and it shows that anyone is able to influence others through effective leadership.
Lumet, S. How To Invites! (Director). (1957). Twelve Angry Men. United States: United Artists. Rothwell, D. J. (2007). In Mixed Company: Communicating in Small Groups and henry v and, Team (6th edition). Belmont, CA: Thomson Higher Education. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Film Analysis: Twelve Angry Men.
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