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California Bar Exam Predictions The Detail. ***Please be sure to read my earlier post: California Bar Exam Predictions The Short List before reading this post. Also, please understand that my enrolled students who have paid for oxbridge our courses, expect to receive this information early and writing as a result, I do not post until closer to the bar exam. Remember, I do not claim to be able to predict what will be tested on the bar exam. Below are simply expanded details for the topics that made the Short List. These essay scenarios are worth thinking about as it is likely that some of it will be tested.
In particular, it can be useful, just from a confidence/psychological standpoint to oxbridge, review possible essay scenarios as a way to get your brain thinking in harvard dissertation database the right mode and being open to possible areas of testing. CRIMINAL LAW/Murder possibly crossed with Criminal Procedure Not many are predicting Criminal Law or Criminal Procedure. Oxbridge. This is likely because Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure were both just tested on the February 2017 bar. However, Criminal Law was tested only lightly (an entrapment issue) and there was no testing of the write an analytical response, 6th or 8th Amendments. It has been several years since the bar examiners have tested murder. Criminal Law has been tested fairly heavily over the years. But, murder has been absent from the essays for nearly ten years now. Typically murder is reviews tested in conjunction with Criminal Procedure, but can also be tested with other topics or alone. Note: the most recent testing of Criminal Procedure and Criminal Law on the February 2017 exam tested 4th and 5th Amendment in conjunction with a criminal law entrapment issue.
The last time Criminal Procedure was tested prior to the February 2017 bar exam, was the July 2015 bar exam and harvard dissertation it was virtually all 4th Amendment (again, leaving 6th and 8th Amendments untested). So, while Criminal Procedure has been tested recently, we have not seen much testing of the 6th amendment in some time and it has been even longer since we have seen testing of the 8th Amendment (death penalty issues, right to bail, cruel and unusual punishment, sentencing as a separate penalty phase). As a result, I do think that if you were to see Criminal Law Murder, that there is oxbridge dissertation a good likelihood that it could be paired up with the and oranges, 6th and/or 8th Amendments. Of course, you may not see Criminal Law or Criminal Procedure. But, testing of Criminal Law Murder on the essays is long overdue, so I am still leaning towards this possibility. Be prepared for oxbridge dissertation it! More on is synthesising data, Criminal Procedure . . . should it show up at all on the essays . . . One of the reviews, areas that has not been tested in a very long time are 6th Amendment jury issues (for example, peremptory challenges, race based challenges, Batson v. Harvard Database. Kentucky challenge, challenges based upon belief against oxbridge dissertation reviews, or opposition to the death penalty and 8th Amendment bail and cruel and unusual punishment issues).
Specifically with cruel and unusual punishment, the bar examiners have not tested the rules regarding capital punishment in many years. This is an easy area, but if and when tested, students are often unprepared because it is what data such a small part of most examinees#8217; outlines. So be aware! Be sure to review these areas. A few additional areas where I would put a bit more effort are: the four tests for insanity defense (see below), and accomplice liability and how it relates to the imposition of the death penalty in felony murder cases (imposition of the death penalty is limited to oxbridge reviews, defendants who were #8220;major contributors#8221;). Obviously, the latter will only come up in the context of a felony murder exam with the death penalty but just keep this in mind. You will want to be able to compare and oranges, point out dissertation this limit on database, the imposition of the death penalty should it come up. Insanity Defense: In addition, know the four tests for the insanity defense this has not been tested in Criminal Law for a very long time.
This typically comes up (when it does come up) as a defense in a murder essay. It does not get tested often, but has not been tested in many years on a Criminal Law essay, so know the four tests for insanity. Dissertation. By the way, if you do get tested on insanity defenses just knowing that there are four tests is important. You will get credit for essay esl telling the reviews, bar grader that: #8220;there are four tests for insanity.#8221; Also, you don#8217;t have to be perfect with respect to these rules (although you should certainly try to what, be, it is oxbridge dissertation reviews not what we see (perfect rules) in the released answers. Instead the focus is on issue spotting and resolving the issues.
Of course the rules are important. But, my point is that they do not have to cover for marketing with, be perfect. Just write, just explain and show that you understand what is going on, why something is or isn#8217;t an issue and do your best to resolve it. Criminal Law alone is just as likely as a cross over with Criminal Procedure or another topic. If you were to get a Criminal Law essay alone (no cross-over with Criminal Procedure or anything else) then you want to recognize that there will be more to oxbridge, it than what you see in Criminal Law exams that are cross-overs. For example, you are more likely to see issues with respect to inchoate liability (solicitation, attempt and conspiracy). As a result, you need to be very clear on these rules and clear as to which merge into the large offense (solicitation and compare and oranges attempt) and which does not merge (conspiracy). In addition, with respect to conspiracy, be sure to oxbridge dissertation, know the minority and majority views this is and contrast and oranges key and it is addressed in the Bar Exam Cram Sheet. Dissertation Reviews. You may also be more likely to have to discuss criminal law defenses in database more detail if you are being tested on Criminal Law alone.
PROPERTY Possibly Landlord/Tenant. If property is tested you should be aware that LandLord/Tenant is one of the most common areas for testing. Other favorite areas for testing in Property are the areas of joint tenancy and oxbridge reviews tenancy in common (when there is a severance of the joint tenancy ) and the rights among co-tenants with respect to recovering rents, profits and letter with in marketing as well as who has to oxbridge, pay taxes and / essay for canadian students #8220;carrying costs#8221; with respect to the property. Finally, something that has been a trend in recent years is to test some of the oxbridge, more minutia based areas of is synthesising, property that were traditionally mostly reserved for the MBEs. Examples of this are: fee simple absolute (easy, just know the language here and what it means), future interests (yes, it is showing up on oxbridge dissertation reviews, the essays three times now in what the past few years) and another favorite has been restraints on alienation. Oxbridge. See the first page of the descriptive, Property Bar Exam Cram Sheet for oxbridge this coverage. Essay Apples And Oranges. And, as always, one of the oxbridge reviews, best ways to prepare for any subject is to see and review past bar essays in that topic. CONSTITUTIONAL LAW Dormant Commerce Clause or 1st Amendment and. Alert: ALWAYS know Article III Case or Controversy Requirements of: State Action, Standing, issue must be Ripe, not Moot and not involve a Political Question. If you were to see Constitutional Law, the following areas are my favorites for dissertation database this round: 1) Dormant Commerce Clause or. Dissertation Reviews. 2) Possibly the compare essay apples, First Amendment speech, religion or association (speech is one of the more heavily tested areas.
If you were to get association, it is typically part of a Constitutional Law exam that tests other areas as well as association is a pretty short issue typically. Be aware that Freedom of Association can also be crossed over dissertation with other First Amendment issues). COMMUNITY PROPERTY Possible Value Enhanced Separate Property Owned Business. Look out for write an analytical response paper Van Camp and Pereira accounting methods. Oxbridge Reviews. This comes up when there is a separate property business that increases in value . Also be on the look out for testable areas of: personal injury award, time rule for determining community property interest of pension, retirement or reimbursement for education or license. Always be on the look out for transmutation issues.
Community Property was last tested on the July 2016 bar exam. The best way to prepare for Community Property is to stewart students, review past exams. Beware of oxbridge dissertation reviews, how the bar examiners test transmutations in Community Property. And Contrast And Oranges. Most often, when the oxbridge dissertation, California bar examiners expect you to discuss transmutations, it is cover letter for marketing assistant with in marketing when there really isn#8217;t a valid transmutation but, they want you to bring it up and dismiss it. This is tested on oxbridge reviews, the essays virtually every bar round. Some bar rounds it has even been tested on more than one essay in the same bar round. In past bar rounds (where the bar examiners tested Professional Responsibility twice on compare and oranges, the same bar round) it was split over reviews day one and day three. Compare And Contrast Essay Apples. Obviously, there is no day three now. So, could the bar examiners test a topic more than once all in day one? Yes, they could. Professional Responsibility, Contracts, Remedies and Evidence are all topics that have shown up on multiple essays within the same bar round.
So be aware of this. It is not necessarily what I am leaning towards, but be aware that they can truly test anything and in oxbridge fact, have tested even the same subject (especially professional responsibility) more than once on the same bar exam. Writing Essay. While anything in Professional Responsibility is fair game, the dissertation, areas that have not been tested in some time include: the attorney advertising rules, rules on perjury and stewart for canadian rules for turning over evidence for example a gun, or the whereabouts of a gun, given to oxbridge dissertation, attorney by client. Be sure to be able to note the ABA Rules and California distinction here. Is Synthesising Data. All of oxbridge, this being said, do not overlook the descriptive, most commonly tested areas of Professional Responsibility (the duties, in particular duty to avoid conflicts and the duty of loyalty). What else could come up in Professional Responsibility? Professional Responsibility in oxbridge reviews the context of a corporation was tested not long ago (July 2016). This could come up again (because truly, the writing students, bar examiners can test anything).
But, what might be more likely is an essay that deals with an attorney assisting a non-attorney in the unlicensed practice of law . This has been a favorite area of testing. If you have something like this it will be in the context of a lawyer going into business with a non-lawyer in a way that provides legal services OR a lawyer who is sharing profits with a non-lawyer . If you see either of these situations, you should call it out reviews as a problem. It would not only / essay writing for canadian create an issue with respect to a lawyer assisting a non-lawyer in the unlicensed practice of law, it would also potentially be a breach of the oxbridge dissertation, duty to provide candid advice . / Essay Writing For Canadian W/readings. Understand that it will not be what the entire essay is dissertation about, but that you will get some points for noting that the lawyer is likely subject to discipline for assisting a non-lawyer in dissertation database the unlicensed practice of law. Another area to be thinking of in dissertation general is writing essay esl Professional Responsibility in the Criminal Law context. Other things to oxbridge dissertation, keep in mind with Professional Responsibility: Always in Professional Responsibility you should be prepared to discuss the issue of an attorney#8217;s withdrawal when must an attorney withdraw, when may an attorney withdraw and cover letter no experience in marketing how must an attorney withdraw properly (assuming the attorney may or must withdraw in the first place). In addition, always be sure to address any potential and actual conflicts of interest on your exam. An example that has not been tested in some time that would generate a discussion of potential and actual conflicts is the scenario where a third party pays the attorney#8217;s fees for oxbridge reviews the client. How To Response. For example, mother pays for son#8217;s legal fees first this is generally discussed as a potential conflict. When and if it becomes an actual conflict (mother starts telling attorney how to handle son#8217;s case) you should discuss the actual conflict. These are the points that passing bar exams are made of when you are able to show the grader that you understand the difference between a situation that is, or could be, a potential conflict of interest and when it becomes an actual conflict of interest you have just informed the grader that you are savvy and dissertation reviews ready.
This is more important than your ability to regurgitate precise rules. Just wanted to make that point. And all of this on Professional Responsibility could be much a do about nothing as some bar rounds the bar examiners leave it off of the essay portion. But, this is not the usual. So I would be prepared for Professional Responsibility. If you get Civil Procedure: Bear in mind that the most common areas for is synthesising testing in dissertation reviews Civil Procedure are jurisdictional issues (personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction and venue). Civil Procedure was tested last on the July 2016 bar exam and for the first time tested California Civil Procedure. The prior time Civil Procedure was tested was on the July 2015 bar exam, and response like many Civil Procedure essays, jurisdiction was tested. Don#8217;t concern yourself with when a subject was last tested (that is my job). I mention it only to give you some background and to oxbridge dissertation, let you know where/why I might be coming from in terms of my #8220;predictions.#8221; Areas that have not been tested in some time include: Class Actions (although this was tested in the context of the Performance Test on the July 2016 bar exam, so it is perhaps not as likely now), Notice and Code pleading distinctions (if tested this would be a tack on issue, not the whole essay.
Remember that Federal courts follow Notice pleading and harvard dissertation database CA follows Code or Fact Pleading). Be sure to know the oxbridge dissertation, rules for Notice and stewart / essay writing for canadian Code Pleading as this includes a California and Federal Rules distinction. As mentioned above in the #8220;short list#8221; of possibles, other testable tack on issues include: remittitur and addittur and the 7th Amendment right to a jury trial. Be sure to know the rules for remittur and addittur as this also presents a nice area of testing distinctions between California Civil Procedure and the Federal Rules. There is no guarantee you will or will not get Civil Procedure. But, be prepared for it (and yes, be prepared for the CA distinctions too)!
I know, this is a lot. But, this is the bar exam, and far better for you to be prepared for the possibilities even if it is to simply know that these ARE the oxbridge dissertation reviews, possibilities than to walk into the exam and freak out because you have an Wills/CommunityProperty/Evidence cross-over exam. What might repeat from the February 2017 bar exam and show up again on cover letter assistant no experience, the July 2017 bar exam? First some topics WILL likely repeat from the oxbridge, February 2017 bar exam and show up again on the July 2017 bar exam. Obviously, you would typically expect to see Professional Responsibility repeat as it usually does from one bar round to the next. However, you should not be surprised to an analytical, see any of the topics that were tested on the February 2017 bar exam show up on the July 2017 bar exam.
EVIDENCE perhaps as a cross-over (marital/spousal privilege, attorney client privilege or hearsay. Evidence makes for a great cross-over subject and can be tested with many different subjects (including the fairly obvious cross-over with Criminal Procedure, but can also be tested as a cross over with Community Property and Wills think about oxbridge dissertation reviews, Marital and Spousal Communications Privileges as well as the California distinction with respect to these privileges. The area of Marital and Spousal Privilege is a highly testable area and comes up frequently on the California bar essay section of the stewart / essay students w/readings, bar exam). So, by now you might quite possibly be getting very anxious about this idea of seeing Evidence with Community Property or Wills or whatever they decide to throw your way. Don#8217;t be.
When the bar examiners combine multiple subjects like this, they rarely do so by sneaking it in or hiding this from dissertation reviews, you. An Analytical. In fact, the examiners will typically provide separate calls asking asking about oxbridge, whether or not the communication between Hal and Wilma (husband and wife) is privileged. This would make it pretty clear that you are to discuss Marital and Spousal Privileges. Evidence as a transcript style essay not as likely, but just in case, take a look: While Evidence is not on my main list in terms of being an entire essay, anything can repeat. While transcript style essays are not as common, this format has not been tested in how to write an analytical response paper some time and is therefore due. If Evidence were to repeat as a full essay, then you should be prepared for the possibility of a transcript style Evidence essay. Remember if you see this type of Evidence exam that you need to look to discuss form objections (like: leading, non-responsive, etc.) and dissertation also, since it is a racehorse exam, you will likely need to discuss relevance in a very truncated way (in other words, get in, get out). TORTS/TORTS REMEDIES While Torts was just tested on the February 2017 bar exam, it was only in the area of Fraud, Misrepresentation and Remedies. Cover Letter In Marketing. This leaves open quite a bit of Torts that has not been tested in a long time. The most common area of testing in Torts is oxbridge negligence. Areas of Torts that have not been tested in some time include: products liability and strict liability.
Torts remedies is also possible. The bar examiners could also test one of the miscellaneous Tort areas like Abuse of data, Process and Malicious Prosecution, Interference with Contract/Prospective Advantage or Nuisance. If you were to see Nuisance, then you would likely also have coverage of Remedies. Be sure to know your basic approach for Tort Remedies (1. Damages, 2. Restitution and 3. Injunctive relief, know the oxbridge dissertation reviews, specific types of Tort Damages, the specific types of dissertation database, Restitutionary Remedies and oxbridge the elements of Injunction). Also, the harvard, tracing rules have not been tested in some time.
I have included a handout for dissertation this area as well in case it is unfamiliar to write an analytical, you. ALWAYS know your negligence approach very well as this is one of the dissertation, more heavily tested areas of Torts. And, would be required of you if you were tested on Strict Products Liability. The difficulty in #8220;predicting#8221; Torts for this bar round is letter with that most everything has been tested in reviews Torts and write an analytical response paper if you were to simply go with what was longest ago well then Tort Remedies (with Nuisance, Trespass to oxbridge dissertation reviews, Land and Chattels, Conversion and what Remedies with heavy emphasis on the balancing of the reviews, hardships in Injunction). Database. The next most likely in dissertation reviews terms of how long ago it was tested, would be Products Liability.
But, then when you look at the last time Defamation was tested, it was tested in an oddball way. So it wasn#8217;t really a true Defamation exam. So what does all of this mean? Be ready (like you should be with any topic) for stewart / essay for canadian students anything. The fact that when defamation was last tested it was an oxbridge dissertation, oddball type of question doesn#8217;t mean that you will now see a defamation exam. I realize this is harvard dissertation a bit of oxbridge dissertation reviews, a kitchen sink in terms of what could come up in Torts.
But, understand they can test anything. You may not see Torts at all. Harvard Database. But, if you do, keep some of dissertation reviews, these things in how to write an analytical mind. Reviews. If BIZ ORGS were to repeat (not saying it is, but, here is what might be more likely if it does repeat): If you were to get Business Organizations (even though it was just tested): A favorite of the California bar examiners of late has been partnerships and compare and contrast essay apples or corporations that are formed for dissertation reviews the purpose of stewart / essay writing students, providing legal services. The issue that seems to be a hot topic on these exams is: a lawyer assisting a non-lawyer in the unlicensed practice of law. IN GENERAL ALWAYS be mindful of REMEDIES!
Remedies is tested frequently. In general, you should always be prepared to address Remedies even if it is just a minor issue on dissertation reviews, an exam that is mostly testing something else. The bar examiners expect you to think like a lawyer and to resolve legal problems and how to an analytical issues. Dissertation Reviews. Sometimes, this involves your fashioning a remedy (like quasi-contract to prevent unjust enrichment, or constructive trust or equitable lien). You need to be aware that you can not, and should not, think of each subject in a vacuum.
If you are in what is synthesising Community Property you may very well need to discuss the remedy of constructive trust (if even only briefly in a sentence or two to simply explain to dissertation, the grader that one spouse may be able to actually get property back from the harvard dissertation, other or even a third party). Always be aware of the use of constructive trusts and equitable liens these come up frequently on bar exams and should be discussed together (if you see an issue with respect to constructive trust, then endeavor to also discuss equitable lien and oxbridge dissertation reviews visa versa). Remember, anything could be tested and you need to be prepared for that. Each bar round subjects repeat. As a result, you should be prepared for writing students some of the topics that were tested on oxbridge dissertation reviews, the February 2017 bar round to repeat on the July 2017 bar round. The purpose of these #8220;predictions#8221; is to stewart, have you thinking about possible essay scenarios, close in dissertation reviews time to the exam so that if you see any of these topics, you will have given these areas a bit of extra thought (even if all you did was read through the #8220;Short List#8221; and #8220;Detail#8221; posts. I wish all who are studying for the July 2017 Bar Exam the very best of is synthesising data, luck! Stay positive and believe in yourself! California Bar Exam Predictions The Short List. First of all I want to wish you all the very best of luck in your studies and I want to thank you for following my blog.
I am truly humbled by the responses from examinees who have sent emails Ė thank you so much. Reviews. If you would like to reach me directly, please feel free to descriptive essay, send me an email at: [email protected] If you have been following my blog you will know that I do not really like to call my ďpredictionsĒ predictions. I do not claim to be able to predict the bar exam. I have simply come up with what I call essay scenarios that I think might be worth considering. Please understand that my students who pay to take my course do not appreciate it if I release our ďpredictionsĒ weeks in advance to the world. Reviews. They pay for the privilege of our insights Ė at least they see it that way. So it simply isnít fair to how to response, give away part of what they pay for to reviews, everyone else for writing essay esl free.
In past rounds I have not made this available outside of oxbridge dissertation, our course. First of all, I do not claim (nor would I ever claim) that I could predict what is going to be tested on the bar exam. However, I do think it is writing esl worthwhile to think about dissertation reviews, some possible essay scenarios when studying in the coming days. I also think that it makes sense to spend some time on topics that we have not seen on the exam in some time. However, any topic could show up on the bar exam. And, you should expect to see some of the topics that were tested on the February 2017 bar exam, to repeat on the July 2017 bar exam. Typically two or even three subjects will repeat from one bar exam to the very next bar exam. What Data. Also, in the past, out of six essays you would expect to see testing of about 8 topics (this allowed for cross-over essays). With only oxbridge dissertation reviews five essays, I would still expect to see at least one or two (maybe even more) cross-over essays.
Note: if a topic does not make my list, that does NOT mean it is not going to show up on the bar exam. You need to be prepared for EVERY topic. My coverage below is simply a suggested emphasis and by no means should you interpret this to mean that something should be excluded from your studies. ALL subjects are testable and all subjects can repeat, back to back, from one bar round to the next. You can almost bet that if you decide to leave a subject alone, that it will appear on the exam.
Why should I review past exams today? Reviewing past exams Ė right before the actual exam Ė will improve your chances of spotting the an analytical paper, correct issues. Reviews. Anytime you review an essay (and study the esl, answer) it is really is a substantive review. By reviewing 3 or 4 Civil Procedure essays in a row, you will have a much better understanding of oxbridge dissertation, how to approach the subject if it shows up on the exam. By the write, way, I believe Civil Procedure is likely (see #8220;Short List#8221; below). Of course, it may or may not be there. But, if it is, it would probably be nice to dissertation reviews, know that this may be the beginning (finally) of a trend toward California Civil Procedure.
If it is, Notice and Code Pleading create a nice federal and California distinction point. The issue of additur (where a judge increases a jury award) also creates a nice federal and California distinction point. In cases of is synthesising data, additur, it is dissertation reviews available in California but NOT in what is synthesising data federal courts as it violates the 7th Amendment right to a jury trial. Many things are ďdueĒ or ďupĒ. All of this being said Ė no one can predict this exam. Oxbridge Dissertation Reviews. Nor should you direct your studies away from a topic because it isnít on someoneís list of predicted topics. That would be very, very foolish. So all of that being said, here are a few thoughts on an analytical response paper, what I think could be tested: The old, 3-day exam versus the new, 2-day exam and what it potentially means in term of subject coverage: In the past, when there were 6 essays, the dissertation reviews, Bar Examiners historically tested 8 or 9 topics (spread out over the 6 essays). What Data. Now that there are only 5 essays, I think you can still expect to oxbridge dissertation reviews, see 7 to 9 topics tested as the examiners frequently test cross-over exams.
SHORT LIST of possibles (see detail in next post): Criminal Law (Murder) or Torts (If Criminal Law Murder possibly alone or crossed with Criminal Procedure or Evidence. How To An Analytical Paper. If Torts most any area if possible but longest ago in terms of oxbridge dissertation reviews, testing are Negligence and Products Liability. Constitutional Law (Possibly First Amendment or Dormant Commerce Clause) Professional Responsibility (look out for attorney advertising or assisting a non-lawyer in the unlicensed practice of law, and what is synthesising ALWAYS duty to reviews, avoid conflict of interests and duty of loyalty, more details in the #8220;Detail#8221; post) Civil Procedure (jurisdictional issues are most commonly tested, but Res Judicata and Collateral Estoppel are a bit due. Also look out for: issues of remittitur/additur, pleading issues (like notice and code pleading), 7th Amendment right to a jury trial as these issues can come up as short answer, tack-on issues. The last time Civ Prop was tested (July 2016) California Civil Procedure came up for the very first time. This may be the beginning (finally) of a trend toward California Civil Procedure. If it is, Notice and Code Pleading create a nice federal and California distinction point. The issue of additur (where a judge increases a jury award) also creates a nice federal and California distinction point. In cases of additur, it is available in California but NOT in federal courts as it violates the 7th Amendment right to a jury trial. Community Property (Possibly valuation of and contrast essay and oranges, separate property business, personal injury award, time rule for determining community property interest of dissertation, pension, retirement or reimbursement for education or license. Always be on look out for an analytical paper transmutation issue).
If Property: (possibly landlord/tenant or landlord/tenant crossed with covenants and equitable servitudes). Property was last tested on the July 2016 bar exam. At that time, I was predicting either Easements (specifically in the land sale contract area) or Landlord/Tenant. Oxbridge Dissertation. Since the bar tested easements in the land-sale context that round, I am leaning more towards a Landlord/Tenant exam (if you see property at what all on reviews, the essays) and possibly crossed over a non-assignment or non-sublease clause and is synthesising covenants (for example, a covenant restricting what can be done on the land, a sublessee takes possession and starts breaching the covenant. Can the covenant be enforced against the sublessee? Is there another remedy available perhaps enforcing the restriction as an equitable servitude? Don#8217;t freak out. Just know that if there is dissertation a covenant on your exam that you should discuss both covenants and writing for canadian students equitable servitudes as these most always go together.
This is reviews a scenario, in the landlord/tenant context that we have not seen tested in what data a while and as a result, it may be due. If Contracts: While both of these topics are possible, I am leaning towards a possible: #8220;either Property or Contracts#8221; on this upcoming exam. Oxbridge Reviews. Property and Contracts are a bit hard to predict for this bar round given the testing on dissertation, the February 2017 exam. While neither Property or Contracts was really tested outright on oxbridge dissertation reviews, the February 2017 exam essays, the bar examiners sort of tip-toed in the areas of both Property and Contracts (I am talking about the Tort/Remedies exam that tested Fraud and compare and oranges Misrep and Remedies). Possible Repeat topics: (Remember historically the California bar examiners repeat two or three topics from one bar round to the next.
This includes the expected Professional Responsibility essay, which is rarely skipped). Remedies as a possible repeat topic: Say what? Yes, it could repeat, anything can repeat. Remedies is on many bar exams back to back. What was not tested last bar round in Remedies: Injunction or Contract Remedies. Oxbridge Dissertation Reviews. Evidence as a possible repeat topic/crossover topic: Possibly as a cross-over with another topic for example: Marital/Spousal Privilege, Attorney-Client Privilege or Hearsay issue crossed over cover letter for marketing assistant in marketing with another subject. Be sure to reviews, know these privileges and dissertation rules and especially know the California/Federal distinctions in Marital and Spousal Privilege. Oxbridge Dissertation Reviews. Professional Responsibility usually repeats (as listed above) Note: Per the harvard dissertation database, California State Bar Examiners own rules, PR will be on oxbridge dissertation reviews, either the what is synthesising data, essay portion or on the performance test every bar round).
Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure possible repeat topic. Even though this subject made the main list of possibles, it really would be (if tested) a repeat. But, it has been so long since murder has been tested that I believe it is highly likely it will come up within the next year. It may be more likely to be on the February 2018 bar exam. BUT, if it were me taking the exam this July, I would most definitely be prepared for Criminal Law Murder or Criminal Law Murder with Criminal Procedure. Keep in mind that anything can be tested.
Do not dismiss any topic. First Amendment Speech was once tested three times back to back. Many other subjects have been tested three times in oxbridge a row. Anything is dissertation possible. However, the above #8220;predictions#8221; are what I believe may be more probable essay scenarios for the July 2017 bar exam. Oxbridge Reviews. Remember that you can accomplish so much in how to these final hours. Tomorrow, you will be relying in part on short term memory, so make certain that you study well and reviews review writing approaches.
I am always stunned at how some examinees will say: ďIf I donít already know it now, it is too lateĒ. That could not be more untrue. No Experience In Marketing. It is NOT too late. Oxbridge. Study essay approaches and read essays! I wish all who are studying for this exam the very best of luck! Bar None Review and essay esl Bar Exam Cram Session. Bar Exam Cram Session Live Streamed! With fewer than three weeks remaining to dissertation reviews, study for the bar exam, time is critical.
What will you do to ensure success on the exam? One of the main reasons examinees fail is not for stewart writing for canadian lack of studying, but for lack of studying the right material. In order to navigate 6 1/2 hours of testing on dissertation reviews, day one and 6 hours of testing on day two, you need to have a strategy. For success on the essays it requires far more than rote memorization. Approaches (for the essays, the MBEs and for and contrast essay apples and oranges the performance test) are critical. Oxbridge Dissertation Reviews. I will be writing more in what the coming days about how to memorize and prepare in reviews these final weeks leading up to the bar exam. We still have a few spots left in the July 8 and 9 Bar Exam Cram Session (this weekend) in Los Angeles.
If you can not attend in cover person, but do not want to miss out on oxbridge reviews, this bar passing weekend, you can sign up for our live stream! Students who attend this session receive our Digging Deeper into the Bar Exam Series (a weekly email support series) containing additional predictions, study advice and strategy as well as our method and strategies for improving your MBE score, sample essays and harvard dissertation answers based upon the predictions and on the most commonly tested essay scenarios. Students will also receive (as part of the Digging Deeper into the Bar Exam Series) approaches and advice for dissertation reviews the new, 90 minute Performance Test and how to an analytical paper selected videos covering study tips, exam predictions and approaches). In addition, Students will learn how to adapt (their studies, timing and strategy) to the new two-day format. Past students have taken our Bar Exam Cram Session and improved their scaled score by over 200 points by utilizing the techniques and step-by-step essay approaches that are taught not only over the course of this weekend, but leading up through the bar exam. Oxbridge Dissertation Reviews. Each student receives a Ten Day Study Plan to utilize in the final days leading up to what is synthesising data, the bar exam as well as instruction on how to study over the few weeks. Don#8217;t miss out, sign up today! Then sign up for this: The Bar Exam Cram Session. Note: Live streaming must be purchased by Thursday, July 6 to ensure your #8220;seat#8221; in oxbridge dissertation the online program.
For a limited time, use promotional code: BAREXAMGURU and what is synthesising data receive $100.00 off the course fee. For more information, contact Bar None Review at: 213-529-0990. All the dissertation, best in your studies! How to stewart writing w/readings, Pass the California Bar Exam: Part Two. First, I want to thank you for following this blog. To date, we have had over 935, 000 views! I take great pleasure in being able to offer assistance to oxbridge, those who are struggling through the and contrast apples and oranges, grind of bar studies.
It is truly humbling to dissertation, have your readership. The bar exam is now less than a month away. This week is often one of the what is synthesising data, most critical weeks in a July bar examinee#8217;s review period. Many are starting to realize the sheer weight of oxbridge, what has to how to write paper, be done and fear starts to creep in and even take over. Anxiety starts to run high, and if allowed to oxbridge, go unchecked, can be any bar examinee#8217;s demise. It is normal to experience some anxiety and fear during this time especially when you think about how much you might still need to learn, let alone memorize. However, it is important that you put things into letter for marketing, perspective. The bar exam, while now less than a month away, is not tomorrow. You have time to improve and to work on memorization. One of the best ways to eliminate anxiety is to start memorizing the material. One of the most common questions I field every bar round is: #8220;How the oxbridge dissertation reviews, heck am I going to memorize all of this material?
There is so much to compare and contrast essay and oranges, memorize!#8221; One of the challenges of the bar exam is that students often suffer from information overload. Sometimes, the more diligent a student is, the oxbridge dissertation, more they read outlines and the more they try to memorize volumes and volumes of material, t.he more anxiety, and the less sure an examinee is of anything let alone successfully taking the paper, exam on July 25 and 26. While it may seem like the right thing to oxbridge, do, I caution students against getting into the rut of reading extensive and lengthy outlines to the exclusion of other things that should be done (like reviewing and studying past essay exams and apples and oranges answers, practicing and reviews studying past MBEs, writing practice exams under non-timed and timed conditions). Reading outlines that are 1oo to 150 pages for each subject and trying to / essay writing students w/readings, commit these to memory for oxbridge dissertation 15 subjects is not only very difficult, but it is counter-productive. Cover For Marketing With. Instead, start carving out time to reviews, review past exams and answers. By reviewing and learning from the actual past exams, you will help bridge the gap between being able to recite an outline and being able to write an actual essay answer. Students W/readings. SPEND TIME LEARNING BY STUDYING THE TEST (as in the ACTUAL TEST) This is true for oxbridge reviews all aspects of the exam (essay portion, performance test and / essay students MBE section). The only way to really know and understand the material, is to see it in the context of the exam. Will reading essays and completing MBEs alone be enough? Not likely, but without this kind of review, failure is almost certain.
You need to not only put your knowledge to the test and practice the test, you need to learn from the test. Here are some suggestions of what I think you should consider doing in the coming days leading up to the bar exam. If you do these things, it will make the job of memorizing the oxbridge reviews, law much easier. What Is Synthesising. It is imperative that you understand the law you are memorizing. One of the biggest mistakes that examinees make is to fail to truly learn and understand the material. There is sometimes such a focus on memorization that examinees delay reviewing the actual test. This can prove to be disastrous. You do not want to wait until the bar exam to figure out if you actually understand how the oxbridge, issues arise. Rule statements are important, but being able to determine when something is at issue or not, will require that you understand the law and how it is tested. Being able to write rule statements from memory does not necessarily mean that you understand (when faced with a fact pattern) what the issues turn upon. It is and contrast and oranges key that you are able to understand the dissertation, material, and not just being able to recite the rules.
So when you think about memorizing the material think about for marketing assistant, first #8220;understanding the oxbridge, law.#8221; This means: understanding what the terms mean, how the issues are generated and how the issues are tested. Once you understand the material, memorizing it will be much easier. 2. You need to see (and learn) the material in the context of the exam. Again, being able to recite rule statements is something that most examinees strive to do and do so fairly effectively. The problem is that your job on exam day is not going to be to simply write out a Contracts outline or to an analytical, write out a Torts outline. Yet, if you think about it, examinees often spend their time preparing for the exam as though the exam consists of simply reciting rules. Oxbridge Dissertation. While it is certainly a help, it is only part of what is harvard dissertation needed to pass the exam.
Successful examinees not only oxbridge dissertation reviews are able to recite rules, they know how the material is tested and understand the material in the context of the actual exam. To do this, you should review past essays and answers. When reviewing essays, really study the for canadian students w/readings, answers and pay close attention to oxbridge dissertation, which issues were addressed in the answers and stewart / essay writing for canadian how these issues arose from the facts. Reading essays and studying the answers is critical to oxbridge dissertation, passing the California bar exam. There are simply ways that the material is tested that are not intuitive and will be lost on you unless you actually see it in the context of the actual exam. For the MBEs (as well as for the essays) it is critical that you learn how each subject is tested. For example, you need to learn how Torts is tested, how Constitutional Law is tested, Property, etc. This is key.
The best way to accomplish this is to study past MBEs (I recommend that you work on NCBE drafted MBES ONLY). Three sources for what data NCBE released questions are: 1) The Strategies and Tactics for the MBE by Walton and oxbridge reviews Emanuel 6th edition (and no, it is not too late to take advantage of dissertation database, this excellent book), 2) Adaptibar and 3) the National Conference of Bar Examiners. The reason you want to focus your attention and energy on the NCBE released MBEs is dissertation because it will be important for you to stewart / essay writing w/readings, align yourself with what the National Conference of Bar Examiners is testing and how they are testing, as this is will be the closest approximation to the actual test. Think of it this way: you need to know what the NCBE think amounts to oxbridge dissertation reviews, a taking by force such that a robbery occurred rather than what you think factually amounts to a taking by force or what your law professor thought was a taking by force. Focus on completing NCBE MBEs. It is important to work on MBEs under both timed as well as completing non-timed review of MBEs. 3. Work on memorizing a condensed version of the subjects after you have spent time reviewing past exams. It will be so much easier to memorize material once you actually understand it, understand how it is applied and how it is tested. As I suggest above, one of the best ways to gain an understanding of the material is to see how it is tested. Once you have studied how products liability is tested, you will have a much easier time memorizing what you need to write paper, know for oxbridge dissertation reviews Products Liability. What you will ultimately have to memorize will be less when it represents what you fully understand.
Let#8217;s look at an example in Torts, specifically Products Liability. Products liability is a big topic with a lot of harvard, detail. When tested on oxbridge, the essay portion, it is a #8220;race-horse#8221; style exam. When tested on the MBE, you will need to have a solid understanding of all of the aspects of Products Liability in order to make successful distinctions between strict products liability, warranty theories, negligence and all of the defenses that may or may not be available. To successfully navigate a products liability essay exam you will need to have an approach for, and a condensed version of, products liability memorized (and, of for canadian w/readings, course, understood ). For example, the following would be a good approach for dissertation Products Liability:
Introductory statement: The plaintiff may recover under products liability for the following torts: 1) intentional tort (usually battery), 2) negligence, 3) strict products liability (for defective product) and is synthesising data 4) under the warranty theories (implied warranty and express Intentional Tort (here plaintiff may be able to prove the tort of battery if they can show the defendant knew with substantial certainty that a harmful or offensive result would occur look for facts that state percentage rates of failure this suggests the oxbridge dissertation, defendant knew with substantial certainty that _% of the time the product would cause a harmful or offensive result. This is stewart / essay writing for canadian always a quick discussion, but worth points by addressing it quickly this is oxbridge dissertation generally addressed in every released answer for products liability essays, yet many examinees miss this point). Compare Essay. Negligence all in the commercial chain owe a duty to oxbridge dissertation, plaintiff reasonable manufacturer, reasonable retailer etc. Write a normal negligence discussion, but focus on drawing attention to the breach as being a failure to warn or negligent design as these will be easily referred to once you are in your strict products liability discussion. Strict Liability for Defective Product (unreasonably dangerous) strict liability attaches by placing an unreasonably dangerous product in the market place. Your focus will be to an analytical paper, prove that the product is oxbridge dissertation reviews a defective product. There are three ways to prove this: 1) manufacturing defect (rarely tested on the essays), 2) design defect (often tested) and 3) warning defect (often tested). Prove up one or more ways the and contrast essay apples, product is defective (usually both #2 and #3 above), then briefly discuss causation (you can refer back to dissertation, your discussion of causation under your Negligence call if you have already discussed negligence) and an analytical response paper then conclude. Of course discuss any appropriate defenses (i.e., assumption of the risk, learned intermediary, etc.). Warranty Theories Implied Warranty of Merchantability implied into dissertation, every sale that goods are of fair and writing for canadian students w/readings average quality and fit for the ordinary purpose . This is something you will typically address on EVERY products liability essay as it is oxbridge always present. Implied Warranty of Fitness for Particular purpose you may or may not need to writing, discuss this warranty it must be generated by the facts.
Express Warranty you may or may not need to oxbridge reviews, discuss this type of warranty it must be generated by the facts. Note that you can condense this even further and ultimately turn it into a checklist/shorthand approach for products liability. Dissertation Database. We still have room in oxbridge dissertation our upcoming Bar Exam Cram Session on July 8th and 9th. This will be offered both in person and letter for marketing no experience in marketing via live stream. Click here for more information and to register . Getting a handle on dissertation, how the substantive material plays out on stewart, the essay exams (as well as how it is oxbridge tested on the MBEs) is critical to your success.
The above shorthand coverage of Products Liability is an example of how you should be viewing the essay, material. How much easier would it be to dissertation, write a products liability exam if you actually knew, going into the exam, what areas to paper, write on and for oxbridge dissertation reviews how long? Studying past bar exam essays and answers will help you not only with your understanding of the law, but also with your memorization. An Analytical Response. Memorizing a step-by-step approach for each area will enable you to oxbridge, get to writing your answer more quickly because you will know how to start your exam. Your answer will look more organized, your issue coverage will be better and it will look like you know what you are doing because . . How To An Analytical. . you do. This also will help you master the MBEs as well. Often examinees struggle with their MBEs because they do not have an oxbridge dissertation, approach for writing topics within a subject. For example, most examinees have a basic approach for Negligence (duty, breach, causation and damages, defenses).
But, few realize that the dissertation reviews, California bar examiners actually expect quite a bit more than this in terms of what is discussed, head-noted and identified as an issue on essay exam. Having a clear approach for all topics will not only help you to navigate an essay exam, but will also help you to for marketing with in marketing, select the correct answer choice on the MBEs. Our next topic for the blog will include: How do I get started on each essay what do I write? How do I start each essay topic? What should my first sentence be?
What should my headings be? How do I know how to reviews, interpret the call of the question(s)? These are not typically things that will be answered by studying outlines. And, you must know how to start each topic, you must know what to write and what your approach is going to be for each area. This is key to success on both the essays and the MBEs because you can not afford to burn up valuable test taking time with trying to synthesize or sort these things out on exam day!
And, all too often, this is what examinees do find themselves trying to figure all of this out on writing essay, exam day. I believe this is one of the most common reasons examinees fail the exam. Oxbridge. It isn#8217;t as often about not knowing enough law, it is more about not knowing how to apply it, how to organize it and how to write it. There is a form, and order and an embraced approach for every topic. You need to essay and oranges, get to this point, and oxbridge dissertation reviews not simply be a machine that spouts out definitions. You are more than that, much more, you need to is synthesising data, be able to show the examiners that you are able to (and do) think like a lawyer. That is the topic of my next post. Until then, happy studies! How to oxbridge reviews, Pass the California Bar Exam: Part One.
This is Part One of a #8220;How to Pass the California Bar Exam#8221; Series. In each part of this series I will focus on things that you can do in your studies to writing for canadian students w/readings, achieve a passing score on the California bar exam. What is a bar examinee to do when bar exam pass rates are seemingly at an all-time low in California? It is true that the pass rate for the last few administrations of the California bar exam have declined. This is something that is occurring nationally as well (Uniform Bar Exam States have pass rates in the low 40%). To solve a problem it often helps to figure out the root cause. Oxbridge. Declining pass rates are a problem Ė for those taking the compare and oranges, exam and for reviews law schools. There is a lot of blame going on out there. For Marketing With In Marketing. Not only dissertation reviews of students, bar prep courses, but law schools, the ABA and the California State Bar. So whoís fault is is synthesising data it?
I have some thoughts. First of all, these low pass rates have been seen in California before. This is not shocking. I have found that those who are relatively new to dissertation, this industry of bar prep Ė are writing about the ďabysmalĒ California bar pass rates as if it is a brand new phenomenon. It is not. Pass rates on the February bar administrations have been in the mid thirty percentile many times.
It is not unusual. Still, we are seeing an overall decline (if you look at the past couple of years). But, if you look at a twenty or thirty year window (and not just a smaller snapshot of three or four bar rounds) you will see something different. In the how to write paper, past, when we have seen these low dipping pass rates, it has ultimately been followed (eventually) by higher pass rates. This up and dissertation down has not been unusual. I say this, because it is important for you as either an how to an analytical response paper, examinee or a law student, to oxbridge, know that all is not lost. Failing is devastating. Descriptive Essay. But, passing is within reach. So, how do you do that? How do you pass this seemingly un-passable (if you focus on the 65.5% fail rate from February 2017) exam? First, the skill set that is required to pass this exam has not Ė in my opinion Ė changed.
That is not to say that I blame students for failing the bar exam. I do not. But, I do think that many examinees are simply misinformed about what to do to pass. I know this to be a fact actually. I have worked with thousands of oxbridge reviews, students over the years (since 1996) and this has taught me a thing or two Ė not only about students, but about what law schools are doing to prepare students and about what examinees are taught (or not taught) to do by cover assistant no experience in marketing, the national bar prep courses. Over the years, bar prep companies have de-emphasized the practice of the reviews, exam. Some bar prep companies only grade 3 or 4 essays and 1 or 2 performance tests. Back in compare apples my day (yes, I just said that) we were assigned up to 30 or 40 essays Ė ALL OF WHICH WERE GRADED! That is simply not the case anymore.
The problem with only providing feedback on a couple of exams, is that these courses are essentially (in my opinion) telling examinees that practice essay writing (and performance test writing) is not an oxbridge dissertation, important part of your bar study and bar preparation. This could not be further from reality. And, it is in my humble opinion, one of the leading reasons for the low bar pass rate. Law schools are to for marketing with no experience, blame as well. An example from one of my students who took a national bar prep course the first time she took the bar.
She was a graduate of a tier one, ABA law school. Someone from oxbridge dissertation, her law school told her that if she was getting 64% on her practice MBEs on Adaptibar (love their product, by the way) that she ďwas fineĒ because that was higher than the national average on Adaptibar. Well, I can tell you that this is not nearly enough. Her bar prep course told her she was fine and her law school told her she was fine. And, she went to a great law school and achieved high grades (made the deanís list, law review, etc.) and yet she failed on her first attempt.
I truly believe that she failed because she was misguided. Stewart / Essay Students W/readings. Incidentally, she passed on her second time under my tutelage. She was bright before I met her. She simply needed the right information. Being told that getting a #8220;D#8221; on your MBEs is not the right direction or the right information. On her first attempt she spent way too much time memorizing and reviews reading and way too little time on the actual practice of the / essay writing for canadian students w/readings, MBEs and of the written portion of the bar exam. So what gives? Do I think her bar prep provider and law school intentionally mislead her and lulled her into a false sense of oxbridge dissertation, security?
Of course not. But, neither of / essay, these resources (both of which she paid a lot of money for) had the right answers or the right directions. Oxbridge Reviews. That is a problem. Here is compare apples what I tell my students regarding the MBEs (which are now even more significant given it is now 50% of the oxbridge dissertation, new two-day California bar exam): You need to reach 85% on your practice MBEs to for canadian students w/readings, have a reasonable chance (okay, a really, really good chance) of oxbridge, passing the California bar exam. You CAN do this, you CAN achieve this score and when you do, your odds of passing are much, much greater. You need to use the NCBE release questions and stick to these only! Sources for letter assistant no experience these questions are: the NCBE (there website is here at: www.ncbex.org) You really need to spend some time on their site), Adaptibar, and The Strategies and Tactics Book for the MBE. Of all of these sources, the one that I think no examinee should ever do without is the Strategies and Tactics Book, by oxbridge reviews, Walton and Emanuel (6 th Edition, Volume I) Note: I do not personally care too much for their Volume II. Volume I is descriptive esl a goldmine for oxbridge dissertation examinees. It is why I was able to letter in marketing, pass the bar exam on my first try (I read every line of dissertation reviews, it, completed every question and studied every answer) and it is why my students who use it and follow our instructions do well.
You can achieve 85% on the practice MBEs. And, in my opinion, you have to paper, do this in order to have a good chance of passing. Note: I do not have any financial interest in the above resources. Further, these are not the only resources available for the National Conference of Bar Examiner#8217;s questions (other courses have a license to use the NCBE questions). But, these are the sources I trust and know the most about and can, without a doubt, recommend to dissertation, you.
I will be posting free handouts on how to write response, how to improve your MBE score this weekend and some additional guidance about how to oxbridge dissertation, approach the MBEs (how many do you need to what is synthesising, do, how to do them, timing, flash cards etc.). As space is filling up quickly, you don#8217;t want to miss the first live (or streaming live if you can#8217;t make it in person) Bar Exam Cram Session geared to helping you begin your preparation for the new 2 day California Bar Exam. For more information, contact us at: 213-529-0990 or use the this link to register .
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Section 5. Oxbridge Dissertation Reviews! Collecting and Analyzing Data. The Tool Box needs your help. to remain available. Your contribution can help change lives. Sixteen training modules. for teaching core skills. The Tool Box needs your help.
to remain available. Your contribution can help change lives. Sixteen training modules. for teaching core skills. What do we mean by collecting data? What do we mean by / essay for canadian students w/readings analyzing data? Why should you collect and dissertation analyze data for your evaluation? When and by whom should data be collected and analyzed? How do you collect and essay analyze data? In previous sections of oxbridge reviews this chapter, weíve discussed studying the issue, deciding on a research design, and dissertation creating an observational system for gathering information for dissertation reviews your evaluation.
Now itís time to collect your data and analyze it Ė figuring out what it means Ė so that you can use it to draw some conclusions about is synthesising data your work. Oxbridge Dissertation Reviews! In this section, weíll examine how to do just that. What do we mean by what is synthesising data collecting data? Essentially, collecting data means putting your design for oxbridge reviews collecting information into operation. Youíve decided how youíre going to get information Ė whether by dissertation direct observation, interviews, surveys, experiments and testing, or other methods Ė and now you and/or other observers have to implement your plan. Dissertation! Thereís a bit more to collecting data, however. Descriptive Essay Esl! If you are conducting observations, for example, youíll have to define what youíre observing and arrange to make observations at the right times, so you actually observe what you need to. Youíll have to record the observations in dissertation reviews, appropriate ways and organize them so theyíre optimally useful. Recording and organizing data may take different forms, depending on the kind of information youíre collecting. The way you collect your data should relate to how youíre planning to analyze and an analytical use it. Regardless of what method you decide to use, recording should be done concurrent with data collection if possible, or soon afterwards, so that nothing gets lost and memory doesnít fade.
Some of the things you might do with the information you collect include: Gathering together information from all sources and observations Making photocopies of all recording forms, records, audio or video recordings, and any other collected materials, to guard against loss, accidental erasure, or other problems Entering narratives, numbers, and other information into a computer program, where they can be arranged and/or worked on in various ways Performing any mathematical or similar operations needed to dissertation reviews, get quantitative information ready for analysis. These might, for instance, include entering numerical observations into a chart, table, or spreadsheet, or figuring the mean (average), median (midpoint), and/or mode (most frequently occurring) of a set of numbers. Transcribing (making an exact, word-for-word text version of) the contents of audio or video recordings Coding data (translating data, particularly qualitative data that isnít expressed in numbers, into a form that allows it to be processed by a specific software program or subjected to statistical analysis) Organizing data in ways that make them easier to work with. How you do this will depend on your research design and your evaluation questions.
You might group observations by the dependent variable (indicator of success) they relate to, by individuals or groups of participants, by cover letter with in marketing time, by activity, etc. You might also want to group observations in several different ways, so that you can study interactions among different variables. There are two kinds of oxbridge dissertation reviews variables in research. An independent variable (the intervention) is a condition implemented by the researcher or community to see if it will create change and improvement. This could be a program, method, system, or other action. A dependent variable is what may change as a result of the independent variable or intervention. A dependent variable could be a behavior, outcome, or other condition. A smoking cessation program, for example, is an independent variable that may change group membersí smoking behavior, the primary dependent variable. What do we mean by analyzing data? Analyzing information involves examining it in ways that reveal the stewart / essay w/readings, relationships, patterns, trends, etc. that can be found within it.
That may mean subjecting it to statistical operations that can tell you not only reviews what kinds of relationships seem to exist among variables, but also to what level you can trust the answers youíre getting. It may mean comparing your information to that from other groups (a control or comparison group, statewide figures, etc.), to help draw some conclusions from the data. The point, in terms of writing for canadian w/readings your evaluation, is to get an accurate assessment in order to oxbridge reviews, better understand your work and its effects on those youíre concerned with, or in letter for marketing with no experience, order to better understand the overall situation. There are two kinds of data youíre apt to be working with, although not all evaluations will necessarily include both. Quantitative data refer to the information that is collected as, or can be translated into, numbers, which can then be displayed and analyzed mathematically. Oxbridge Dissertation! Qualitative data are collected as descriptions, anecdotes, opinions, quotes, interpretations, etc., and are generally either not able to be reduced to numbers, or are considered more valuable or informative if left as narratives. As you might expect, quantitative and how to write qualitative information needs to be analyzed differently. Quantitative data are typically collected directly as numbers. Some examples include:
The frequency (rate, duration) of specific behaviors or conditions Test scores (e.g., scores/levels of knowledge, skill, etc.) Survey results (e.g., reported behavior, or outcomes to environmental conditions; ratings of satisfaction, stress, etc.) Numbers or percentages of people with certain characteristics in oxbridge, a population (diagnosed with diabetes, unemployed, Spanish-speaking, under age 14, grade of school completed, etc.) Data can also be collected in forms other than numbers, and turned into quantitative data for analysis. Researchers can count the number of how to an analytical response times an event is oxbridge, documented in what is synthesising data, interviews or records, for instance, or assign numbers to the levels of reviews intensity of an observed event or behavior. For instance, community initiatives often want to document the amount and intensity of environmental changes they bring about Ė the new programs and policies that result from their efforts. Essay Apples! Whether or not this kind of translation is necessary or useful depends on the nature of what youíre observing and on the kinds of questions your evaluation is meant to answer. Quantitative data is usually subjected to statistical procedures such as calculating the mean or average number of times an event or behavior occurs (per day, month, year). These operations, because numbers are ďhardĒ data and not interpretation, can give definitive, or nearly definitive, answers to different questions. Various kinds of quantitative analysis can indicate changes in a dependent variable related to Ė frequency, duration, timing (when particular things happen), intensity, level, etc.
They can allow you to compare those changes to one another, to changes in another variable, or to reviews, changes in another population. They might be able to tell you, at a particular degree of reliability, whether those changes are likely to have been caused by your intervention or program, or by another factor, known or unknown. And they can identify relationships among different variables, which may or may not mean that one causes another. Unlike numbers or ďhard data,Ē qualitative information tends to be ďsoft,Ē meaning it canít always be reduced to something definite. That is in cover for marketing no experience, some ways a weakness, but itís also a strength. A number may tell you how well a student did on a test; the look on her face after seeing her grade, however, may tell you even more about the oxbridge dissertation, effect of that result on her. That look canít be translated to a number, nor can a teacherís knowledge of that studentís history, progress, and experience, all of which go into writing, the teacherís interpretation of that look. And that interpretation may be far more valuable in helping that student succeed than knowing her grade or numerical score on oxbridge dissertation reviews the test. Qualitative data can sometimes be changed into numbers, usually by counting the cover letter for marketing assistant no experience in marketing, number of times specific things occur in the course of dissertation observations or interviews, or by assigning numbers or ratings to dimensions (e.g., importance, satisfaction, ease of use).
The challenges of write response paper translating qualitative into quantitative data have to do with the human factor. Even if most people agree on what 1 (lowest) or 5 (highest) means in reviews, regard to rating ďsatisfactionĒ with a program, ratings of for marketing 2, 3, and 4 may be very different for different people. Furthermore, the numbers say nothing about why people reported the way they did. Oxbridge Dissertation Reviews! One may dislike the program because of the content, the facilitator, the time of day, etc. The same may be true when youíre counting instances of the mention of an what is synthesising, event, such as the reviews, onset of a new policy or program in a community based on cover letter for marketing no experience in marketing interviews or archival records. Oxbridge Dissertation! Where one person might see a change in program he considers important another may omit it due to perceived unimportance. Qualitative data can sometimes tell you things that quantitative data canít. It may reveal why certain methods are working or not working, whether part of how to an analytical paper what youíre doing conflicts with participantsí culture, what participants see as important, etc. Dissertation Reviews! It may also show you patterns Ė in response, behavior, physical or social environment, or other factors Ė that the numbers in your quantitative data donít, and occasionally even identify variables that researchers werenít aware of. It is often helpful to dissertation, collect both quantitative and qualitative information.
Quantitative analysis is apples and oranges, considered to be objective Ė without any human bias attached to it Ė because it depends on the comparison of numbers according to mathematical computations. Analysis of qualitative data is reviews, generally accomplished by methods more subjective Ė dependent on peopleís opinions, knowledge, assumptions, and inferences (and therefore biases) Ė than that of how to write an analytical paper quantitative data. The identification of patterns, the interpretation of dissertation reviews peopleís statements or other communication, the spotting of trends Ė all of these can be influenced by essay and oranges the way the researcher sees the dissertation, world. Be aware, however, that quantitative analysis is influenced by a number of subjective factors as well. What the / essay writing students, researcher chooses to measure, the accuracy of the oxbridge, observations, and the way the research is structured to ask only particular questions can all influence the results, as can the researcherís understanding and for canadian w/readings interpretation of the oxbridge, subsequent analyses. Why should you collect and writing descriptive esl analyze data for your evaluation? Part of the oxbridge reviews, answer here is what, that not every organization Ė particularly small community-based or non-governmental ones Ė will necessarily have extensive resources to oxbridge dissertation reviews, conduct a formal evaluation. They may have to be content with less formal evaluations, which can still be extremely helpful in providing direction for letter with a program or intervention. An informal evaluation will involve some data gathering and analysis. This data collection and sensemaking is critical to an initiative and its future success, and has a number of oxbridge reviews advantages. The data can show whether there was any significant change in letter assistant with in marketing, the dependent variable(s) you hoped to influence . Collecting and analyzing data helps you see whether your intervention brought about the oxbridge reviews, desired results.
The term ďsignificanceĒ has a specific meaning when youíre discussing statistics. The level of significance of a statistical result is the level of confidence you can have in descriptive esl, the answer you get. Generally, researchers donít consider a result significant unless it shows at least a 95% certainty that itís correct (called the .05 level of significance, since thereís a 5% chance that itís wrong). Oxbridge Reviews! The level of significance is built into the statistical formulas: once you get a mathematical result, a table (or the software youíre using) will tell you the level of significance. Thus, if data analysis finds that the independent variable (the intervention) influenced the dependent variable at the .05 level of significance, it means thereís a 95% probability or likelihood that your program or intervention had the how to write response, desired effect. The .05 level is reviews, generally considered a reasonable result, and the .01 level (99% probability) is considered about writing esl as close to certainty as you are likely to dissertation, get. A 95% level of descriptive esl certainty doesnít mean that the dissertation, program works on 95% of compare and contrast apples and oranges participants, or that it will work 95% of the time. It means that thereís only a 5% possibility that it isnít actually whatís influencing the dependent variable(s) and causing the changes that it seems to be associated with. They can uncover factors that may be associated with changes in the dependent variable(s).
Data analyses may help discover unexpected influences; for dissertation instance, that the effort was twice as large for those participants who also were a part of a support group. This can be used to write an analytical, identify key aspects of implementation. They can show connections between or among various factors that may have an effect on the results of your evaluation . Some types of statistical procedures look for connections (ďcorrelationsĒ is the research term) among variables. Certain dependent variables may change when others do. Oxbridge Reviews! These changes may be similar Ė i.e., both variables increase or decrease (e.g., as childrenís proficiency at reading increases, the essay apples, amount of reading they do also increases). Or the opposite may be observed Ė i.e. the two variables change in opposite directions (as the oxbridge dissertation, amount of exercise they engage in increases, peoplesí weight decreases). Correlations donít mean that one variable causes another, or that they both have the same cause, but they can provide valuable information about associations to how to, expect in an evaluation. They can help shed light on the reasons that your work was effective or, perhaps, less effective than youíd hoped . By combining quantitative and qualitative analysis, you can often determine not only what worked or didnít, but why. The effect of cultural issues, how well methods are used, the appropriateness of your approach for the population Ė these as well as other factors that influence success can be highlighted by oxbridge dissertation reviews careful data collection and analysis.
This knowledge gives you a basis for adapting and writing essay changing what you do to make it more likely youíll achieve the desired outcomes in reviews, the future. Apples! They can provide you with credible evidence to show stakeholders that your program is successful, or that youíve uncovered, and are addressing limitations . Stakeholders, such as funders and community boards, want to oxbridge dissertation, know their investments are well spent. Showing evidence of intermediate outcomes (e.g. new programs and policies) and longer-term outcomes (e.g., improvements in education or health indicators) is assistant in marketing, becoming increasingly important to receiving Ė and retaining Ė funding. Reviews! Their use shows that youíre serious about evaluation and about improving your work. Being a good trustee or steward of community investment includes regular review of data regarding progress and improvement. They can show the field what youíre learning, and thus pave the way for others to implement successful methods and approaches . In that way, youíll be helping to improve community efforts and, ultimately, quality of harvard dissertation life for people who benefit. When and by whom should data be collected and analyzed? As far as data collection goes, the oxbridge, ďwhenĒ part of this question is relatively simple: data collection should start no later than when you begin your work Ė or before you begin in order to establish a baseline or starting point Ė and continue throughout.
Ideally, you should collect data for a period of time before you start your program or intervention in order to determine if there are any trends in the data before the onset of the intervention. Additionally, in order to gauge your programís longer-term effects, you should collect follow-up data for a period of is synthesising time following the oxbridge, conclusion of the program. The timing of stewart / essay for canadian students analysis can be looked at in at least two ways: One is that itís best to analyze your information when youíve collected all of dissertation it, so you can look at it as a whole. How To An Analytical! The other is that if you analyze it as you go along, youíll be able to oxbridge dissertation, adjust your thinking about what information you actually need, and to adjust your program to respond to cover letter for marketing assistant with no experience, the information youíre getting. Which of these approaches you take depends on your research purposes. If youíre more concerned with a summative evaluation Ė finding out whether your approach was effective, you might be more inclined toward the first. If youíre oriented toward improvement Ė a formative evaluation Ė we recommend gathering information along the dissertation reviews, way. Both approaches are legitimate, but ongoing data collection and review can particularly lead to improvements in is synthesising data, your work. The ďwhoĒ question can be more complex.
If youíre reasonably familiar with statistics and statistical procedures, and you have the dissertation reviews, resources in cover letter assistant with, time, money, and reviews personnel, itís likely that youíll do a somewhat formal study, using standard statistical tests. (Thereís a great deal of for marketing assistant with no experience in marketing software Ė both for sale and free or open-source Ė available to help you.) If thatís not the case, you have some choices: You can hire or find a volunteer outside evaluator, such as from oxbridge, a nearby college or university, to take care of stewart / essay writing for canadian students data collection and/or analysis for you. You can conduct a less formal evaluation. Your results may not be as sophisticated as if you subjected them to rigorous statistical procedures, but they can still tell you a lot about your program. Just the numbers Ė the number of dropouts (and when most dropped out), for instance, or the dissertation, characteristics of the letter assistant in marketing, people you serve Ė can give you important and usable information. You can try to oxbridge, learn enough about statistics and statistical software to conduct a formal evaluation yourself. (Take a course, for example.) You can collect the data and then send it off to someone Ė a university program, a friendly statistician or researcher, or someone you hire Ė to process it for you.
You can collect and rely largely on qualitative data. Whether this is an option depends to a large extent on what your program is about. You wouldnít want to conduct a formal evaluation of effectiveness of / essay students w/readings a new medication using only qualitative data, but you might be able to oxbridge dissertation, draw some reasonable conclusions about use or compliance patterns from qualitative information. If possible, use a randomized or closely matched control group for how to write response paper comparison. If your control is properly structured, you can draw some fairly reliable conclusions simply by comparing its results to dissertation reviews, those of your intervention group. Again, these results wonít be as reliable as if the comparison were made using statistical procedures, but they can point you in writing esl, the right direction. Reviews! Itís fairly easy to tell whether or not thereís a major difference between the numbers for for canadian students w/readings the two or more groups. If 95% of the students in your class passed the test, and oxbridge dissertation only 60% of those in a similar but uninstructed control group did, you can be pretty sure that your class made a difference in some way, although you may not be able to tell exactly what it was that mattered. What! By the dissertation reviews, same token, if 72% of your students passed and cover letter for marketing assistant no experience in marketing 70% of the control group did as well, it seems pretty clear that your instruction had essentially no effect, if the groups were starting from approximately the same place. Who should actually collect and oxbridge reviews analyze data also depends on the form of your evaluation.
If youíre doing a participatory evaluation, much of the data collection - and analyzing - will be done by community members or program participants themselves. What Is Synthesising Data! If youíre conducting an dissertation reviews, evaluation in which the observation is specialized, the data collectors may be staff members, professionals, highly trained volunteers, or others with specific skills or training (graduate students, for writing essay esl example). Reviews! Analysis also could be accomplished by a participatory process. Even where complicated statistical procedures are necessary, participants and/or community members might be involved in sorting out what those results actually mean once the math is done and the results are in. Another way analysis can be accomplished is by professionals or other trained individuals, depending upon the nature of the data to be analyzed, the methods of analysis, and the level of sophistication aimed at in the is synthesising data, conclusions. How do you collect and analyze data? Whether your evaluation includes formal or informal research procedures, youíll still have to collect and analyze data, and there are some basic steps you can take to do so. Implement your measurement system. We've previously discussed designing an observational system to gather information.
Now itís time to oxbridge, put that system in place. Clearly define and describe what measurements or observations are needed . And Contrast Apples! The definition and description should be clear enough to enable observers to reviews, agree on what theyíre observing and reliably record data in the same way. Writing Descriptive Esl! Select and train observers . Particularly if this is part of a participatory process, observers need training to know what to record; to recognize key behaviors, events, and conditions; and to dissertation, reach an acceptable level of inter-rater reliability (agreement among observers). Conduct observations at the appropriate times for the appropriate period of time . Writing Students! This may include reviewing archival material; conducting interviews, surveys, or focus groups; engaging in direct observation; etc. Record data in the agreed-upon ways . These may include pencil and oxbridge dissertation paper, computer (using a laptop or handheld device in the field, entering numbers into a program, etc.), audio or video, journals, etc. Organize the data youíve collected.
How you do this depends on stewart / essay for canadian students what youíre planning to do with it, and on what youíre interested in. Enter any necessary data into the computer . This may mean simply typing comments, descriptions, etc., into a word processing program, or entering various kinds of information (possibly including audio and video) into a database, spreadsheet, a GIS (Geographic Information Systems) program, or some other type of software or file. Transcribe any audio- or videotapes . This makes them easier to work with and copy, and allows the opportunity to clarify any hard-to-understand passages of oxbridge dissertation reviews speech. Score any tests and compare and oranges record the scores appropriately. Sort your information in ways appropriate to oxbridge reviews, your interest . This may include sorting by category of observation, by event, by write place, by individual, by group, by the time of observation, or by a combination or some other standard. Dissertation! When possible, necessary, and appropriate, transform qualitative into quantitative data . Harvard! This might involve, for oxbridge reviews example, counting the number of times specific issues were mentioned in interviews, or how often certain behaviors were observed. Conduct data graphing, visual inspection, statistical analysis, or other operations on the data as appropriate. Weíve referred several times to statistical procedures that you can apply to quantitative data.
If you have the right numbers, you can find out a great deal about harvard whether your program is oxbridge reviews, causing or contributing to change and improvement, what that change is, whether there are any expected or unexpected connections among variables, how your group compares to another youíre measuring, etc. There are other excellent possibilities for how to write an analytical response analysis besides statistical procedures, however. A few include: Simple counting, graphing and visual inspection of oxbridge frequency or rates of behavior, events, etc., over time . Dissertation Database! Using visual inspection of patterns over time to identify discontinuities (marked increases, decreases) in the measures over time (sessions, weeks, months). Calculating the mean (average), median (midpoint), and/or mode (most frequent) of oxbridge reviews a series of measurements or observations . Writing! What was the average blood pressure, for instance, of people who exercised 30 minutes a day at least five days a week, as opposed to that of dissertation people who exercised two days a week or less? Using qualitative interviews, conversations, and participant observation to observe (and track changes in) the how to an analytical response, people or situation . Journals can be particularly revealing in this area because they record peopleís experiences and oxbridge dissertation reflections over time. Finding patterns in qualitative data . If many people refer to similar problems or barriers, these may be important in understanding the write, issue, determining what works or doesnít work and why, or more. Comparing actual results to previously determined goals or benchmarks . Reviews! One measure of success might be meeting a goal for what data planning or program implementation, for oxbridge reviews example. Take note of any significant or interesting results. Depending on the nature of your research, results may be statistically significant (the 95% or better certainty that we discussed earlier), or simply important or unusual.
They may or may not be socially significant (i.e., large enough to cover letter for marketing assistant no experience, solve the problem). There are a number of different kinds of results you might be looking for. Differences within people or groups . If you have repeated measurements for dissertation individuals/groups over time, we can see if there are marked increases/decreases in compare and contrast apples and oranges, the (frequency, rate) of behavior (events, etc.) following introduction of the program or intervention. When the effects are seen when and oxbridge only when the intervention is introduced Ė and / essay writing w/readings if the dissertation, intervention is staggered (delayed) across people or groups Ė this increases our confidence that the intervention, and not something else, is producing the observed effects. Differences between or among two or more groups . If you have one or more randomized control groups in a formal study (groups that are drawn at random from the same population as the group in your program, but are not getting the same program or intervention, or are getting none at all), then the statistical significance of differences between or among the writing, groups should tell you whether your program has any more influence on oxbridge dissertation the dependent variable(s) than whatís experienced by the other groups. Compare And Oranges! Results that show statistically significant changes . With or without a control or comparison group, many statistical procedures can tell you whether changes in dissertation reviews, dependent variables are truly significant (or not likely due to writing descriptive essay, chance). These results may say nothing about the causes of the oxbridge dissertation, change (or they may, depending on how youíve structured your evaluation), but they do tell you whatís happening, and give you a place to for marketing assistant, start. Correlations . Correlation means that there are connections between or among two or more variables. Correlations can sometimes point to important relationships you might not have predicted. Sometimes they can shed light on the issue itself, and sometimes on the effects of a groupís cultural practices. In some cases, they can highlight potential causes of an issue or condition, and reviews thus pave the letter assistant with no experience in marketing, way for future interventions.
Correlation between variables doesnít tell you that one necessarily causes the other, but simply that changes in one have a relationship to changes in the other. Among American teenagers, for instance, there is probably a fairly high correlation between an increase in body size and an understanding of algebra. This is not because one causes the other, but rather the result of the fact that American schools tend to begin teaching algebra in the seventh, eighth, or ninth grades, a time when many 12-, 13-, and 14-year-olds are naturally experiencing a growth spurt. On the other hand, correlations can reveal important connections. A very high correlation between, for instance, the dissertation reviews, use of with a particular medication and the onset of depression might lead to the withdrawal of that medication, or at least a study of its side effects, and increased awareness and caution among doctors who prescribe it. A very high correlation between gang membership and having a parent with a substance abuse problem may not reveal a direct cause-and-effect relationship, but may tell you something important about who is more at risk for dissertation reviews substance abuse. Patterns . In both quantitative and qualitative information, patterns often emerge: certain health conditions seem to cluster in particular geographical areas; people from a particular group behave in writing for canadian, similar ways; etc. These patterns may not be specifically what you were looking for or expected to find, but they may either be important in themselves or shed light on the areas youíre interested in. In some cases, you may need to dissertation, subject them to statistical procedures (regression analysis, for with no experience in marketing example) to see if, in fact, theyíre random, or if they constitute actual patterns. Obvious important findings . Whether as a result of oxbridge statistical analysis, or of examination of essay apples and oranges your data and application of logic, some findings may stand out. If 70% of oxbridge a group of overweight participants in a healthy eating and physical activity program lowered their weight and blood pressure significantly, compared to only 20% of a similar group not in the program, you can probably assume that program may have been effective.
If thereís no change whatsoever in education outcomes after two years of your education program, then youíre either running an compare apples, ineffective program, or youíre simply not reaching those who are most likely to have poorer outcomes (which can also be interpreted to mean youíre running an ineffective program.) Not all important findings will necessarily tell you whether your program worked, or what is the most effective method. It might be obvious from your data collection, for instance, that, while violence or roadway injuries may not be seen as a problem citywide, they are much higher in one or more particular areas, or that the oxbridge dissertation reviews, rates of diabetes are markedly higher for particular groups or those living in cover letter with, areas with greater disparities of income. If you have the resources, itís wise to look at oxbridge reviews, the results of your research in a number of different ways, both to find out how to improve your program, and to learn what else you might do to affect the how to paper, issue. Once youíve organized your results and run them through whatever statistical or other analysis youíve planned for, itís time to figure out oxbridge dissertation reviews what they mean for your evaluation. What! Probably the most common question that evaluation research is directed toward is whether the oxbridge reviews, program being evaluated works or makes a difference. In research terms, that often translates to ďWhat were the effects of the independent variable (the program, intervention, etc.) on the dependent variable(s) (the behavior, conditions, or other factors it was meant to change)?Ē There are a number of possible answers to harvard dissertation database, this question: Your program had exactly the effects on the dependent variable(s) you expected and hoped it would . Statistics or other analysis showed clear positive effects at a high level of oxbridge significance for the people in your program and compare and contrast apples Ė if you used a multiple-group design Ė none, or far fewer, of the oxbridge dissertation, same effects for a similar control group and/or for a group that received a different intervention with the same purpose. Your early childhood education program, for instance, greatly increased development outcomes for how to an analytical paper children in the community, and also contributed to an increase in the percentage of children succeeding in school. Your program had no effect . Your program produced no significant results on reviews the dependent variable, whether alone or compared to other groups. With No Experience! This would mean no change as a result of your program or intervention.
Your program had a negative effect . For instance, intimate partner violence increased (or at dissertation, least appeared to) as a result of your intervention. (It is how to write an analytical response, relatively common for reported events, such as violence or injury, to increase when the oxbridge, intervention results in improved surveillance and ease of reporting). Your program had the effects you hoped for and other effects as well . These effects might be positive . Database! Your youth violence prevention program, for instance, might have resulted in greatly reduced violence among teens, and might also have resulted in significantly improved academic performance for the kids involved. These effects might be neutral . The same youth violence prevention program might somehow result in youth watching TV more often after school. These effects might be negative . Dissertation! (These effects are usually called unintended consequences.) Youth violence might decrease significantly, but the incidence of teen pregnancies or alcohol consumption among youth in the program might increase significantly at how to response, the same time. These effects might be multiple , or mixed .For instance, a program to reduce HIV/AIDS might lower rates of unprotected sex but might also increase conflict and instances of partner violence. Your program had no effect or a negative effect and other effects as well. Oxbridge! As with programs with positive effects, these might be positive, neutral, or negative; single or multiple; or consistent or mixed.
If your analysis gives you a clear indication that what youíre doing is accomplishing your purposes, interpretation is relatively simple: You should keep doing it, while trying out ways to how to write paper, make it even more effective, or while aiming at other related issues as well. As we discuss elsewhere in the Community Tool Box, good programs are dynamic -- constantly striving to improve, rather than assuming that what theyíre doing is as good as it can be. If your analysis shows that your program is oxbridge, ineffective or negative, however Ė or, for that matter, if a positive analysis leaves you wondering how to make your successful efforts still more successful Ė interpretation becomes more complex. How To An Analytical Paper! Are you using an absolutely wrong approach? Are you using an oxbridge dissertation, approach that could be effective, but is poorly implement?
Is there a particular contributing factor youíre failing to take into account? Are there barriers to success Ė of stewart / essay writing students w/readings culture, experience, personal characteristics, systematic discrimination Ė present in the population from which participants are drawn? Are there particular components or elements you can change to make your program more effective, or should you start again from scratch? What should you address to make a good program better? Careful and insightful interpretation of your data may allow you to answer questions like these. You may be able to use correlations, for instance, to generate hypotheses about oxbridge dissertation your results. If positive or negative changes in how to write an analytical paper, particular variables are consistently associated with positive or negative changes in dissertation reviews, other variables, the writing descriptive essay, two may be connected. (The word ďmayĒ is important here.
The two may be connected, but they may not, or both may be related to oxbridge dissertation, a third variable that youíre not aware of or that you consider trivial.) Such a connection can point the way toward a factor (e.g., access to support) that is descriptive essay esl, causing the changes in dissertation reviews, both variables, and that must be addressed to and contrast essay and oranges, make your program successful. Correlations may also indicate patterns in reviews, your data, or may lead to an unexpected way of looking at what data, the issue youíre addressing. You can often use qualitative data to understand the meaning of an intervention, and peopleís reactions to the results.The observation that participants are continually suffering from a variety of health problems may be traced, through qualitative data, to nutrition problems (due either to poverty or ignorance) or to lack of access to health services, or to cultural restrictions (some Muslim women may be unwilling Ė or unable because of family prohibition Ė to accept care and treatment from oxbridge reviews, male doctors, for example). Once you have organized your data, both statistical results and anything that canít be analyzed statistically need to harvard, be analyzed logically. This may not give you convincing information but it will almost undoubtedly give you some ideas to dissertation, follow up on, and some indications of connections and avenues you might not yet have considered. It will also show you some additional results Ė people reacting differently than before to the program, for example. The numbers can tell you whether there is change, but they canít always tell you what causes it or why (although they sometimes can), or why some people benefit while others donít.
Those are often matters for logical analysis, or critical thinking. You have to become a cultural detective to understand your initiative, and, in is synthesising data, some ways, every evaluation is an oxbridge dissertation, anthropological study. The heart of evaluation research is gathering information about the stewart writing, program or intervention youíre evaluating and analyzing it to determine what it tells you about the effectiveness of what youíre doing, as well as about how you can maintain and improve that effectiveness. Collecting quantitative data Ė information expressed in numbers Ė and subjecting it to a visual inspection or formal statistical analysis can tell you whether your work is oxbridge reviews, having the desired effect, and may be able to tell you why or why not as well. Compare Apples! It can also highlight connections (correlations) among variables, and call attention to factors you may not have considered. Collecting and analyzing qualitative data Ė interviews, descriptions of oxbridge reviews environmental factors, or events, and circumstances Ė can provide insight into how participants experience the write response, issue youíre addressing, what barriers and advantages they experience, and what you might change or add to dissertation, improve what you do. Once youíve gained the knowledge that your information provides, itís time to start the process again. / Essay Writing For Canadian Students! Use what youíve learned to continue to evaluate what you do by collecting and analyzing data, and oxbridge continually improve your program.
My Environmental Education Evaluation Resource Assistant (MEERA) provides extensive information on how to Analyze Data . Within their guide, they answer various questions such as: What type of analysis do I need?, How do I analyze qualitative/quantitative data?, and What software can I use to analyze qualitative/quantitative data? The Pell Institute offers user-friendly information on how to Analyze Qualitative Data as a part of their Evaluation Toolkit. The site provides a simple explanation of qualitative data with a step-by-step process to collecting and analyzing data. Through the harvard, Evaluation Toolkit, the Pell Institute has compiled a user-friendly guide to easily and efficiently Analyze Quantitative Data . In addition to explaining the basis of dissertation reviews quantitative analysis, the site also provides information on data tabulation, descriptives, disaggregating data, and harvard dissertation database moderate and oxbridge advanced analytical methods. CDCís Analyzing Quantitative Data for with Evaluation provides steps to planning and conducting quantitative analysis, as well as the dissertation, advantages and disadvantages of using quantitative methods. Charts and Graphs to Communicate Research Findings , from the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center (MSKTC), will provide guidance on which chart types are best suited for which types of data and for which purposes, shows examples of preferred practices and practical tips for each chart type, and provides cautions and examples of misuse and letter assistant with no experience in marketing poor use of each chart type and how to make corrections. Collecting and oxbridge Analyzing Evaluation Data , 2 nd edition, provided by / essay writing for canadian students the National Library of Medicine, provides information on collecting and analyzing qualitative and quantitative data. This booklet contains examples of commonly used methods, as well as a toolkit on using mixed methods in evaluation. Compiled for the Adolescent and School Health sector of the CDC, Data Collection and oxbridge dissertation reviews Analysis Methods is an extensive list of harvard articles pertaining to the collection of various forms of data including questionnaires, focus groups, observation, document analysis, and interviews. Free Statistics is a guide to free and dissertation open source software for statistical analysis that includes a comparison, explaining what operations each program can perform. Provided by the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services, this HRSA Toolkit offers advice on successfully collecting and analyzing data. An extensive list of both for collecting and analyzing data and on computerized disease registries is available. This Human Development Index Map is a valuable tool from what is synthesising data, Measure of America: A Project of the Social Science Research Council . It combines indicators in three fundamental areas - health, knowledge, and standard of living - into a single number that falls on oxbridge dissertation reviews a scale from 0 to is synthesising, 10, and is presented on an easy-to-navigate interactive map of the United States. Research Methods Knowledge Base is a comprehensive web-based textbook that provides useful, comprehensive, relatively simple explanations of how statistics work and how and when specific statistical operations are used and help to interpret data. Bazeley, P. Dissertation! (2013). Qualitative data analysis: Practical strategies.
New York, NY: SAGE. Brown, M. Hale, K. (2014). Applied research methods in public nonprofit organizations. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
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Middle School Writing and Paired Texts. Please log in to add your comment. Transcript of Middle School Writing and oxbridge Paired Texts. different than anyone else's work, making its author identifiable. It is cover letter for marketing assistant with in marketing a writer's unique style and personal touch. Organization is how the oxbridge dissertation written work is set up; the flow of ideas makes sense to the reader and creates a clearer message. Word choice helps the writer to convey an intended meaning and to harvard database creatively communicate ideas to oxbridge dissertation the reader. Sentence fluency is defined by the way words are organized into a sentence.
Poor sentence fluency can obscure the writer's ideas and make their work difficult to read. If conventions and organization are the skin and bones of writing, Ideas are the heart. The effective communication of ideas will depend on the other traits of writing, but being proficient in those other traits cannot make up for data lack of well thought out ideas. Conventions are sometimes made to oxbridge dissertation reviews be the main focus of writing by writing, some teachers, and oxbridge dissertation although they are important, conventions must not be mistaken for the purpose of writing. Communication of ideas is the main point of writing, but conventions help to make those ideas clear. Stewart / Essay Writing For Canadian! Poor use of oxbridge dissertation, conventions can change the meaning of words entirely and thus change the ideas. 5 Truths about Middle School kids. -Talking is how most students process information and make sense of the world. -Must be incorporated as often as possible. Now go make great writers! Writing feels complete when it is organized well, having a beginning, middle, and end, or an intro, body, and conclusion.
A surprise here and there can help the impact of the written work when organization leads the reader into it. A writer's ability to choose specific words for their meanings can alter the tone of their writing and draw the reader in. / Essay Writing Students! Words can paint mental pictures for the reader, making ideas clearer and more interesting. After the writer chooses their words, they must organize them in a way that flows and oxbridge dissertation reviews makes their ideas clear. Poor word choice can result in poor sentence fluency. Even when writers have right-fit words, they still must put them together in a way that is understandable to their specific audience. After organizing ideas into specific words, and words into flowing sentences, the an analytical paper next step in writing is organizing those sentences into paragraphs, and those paragraphs into a paper. Idea generation is the first step to great writing. The idea(s) must be established before writing begins because they will be the main focus of the writing. Conventions refer to the correct application of the rules of Standard English spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and grammar and usage. SYMS - [Stories You Might Start]
MASP - Morphological Approach to Story Plotting. Dix it board game. This narrative tool helps writers take it one sentence. at a time by asking them to simply come up with a character name, character age, a place, and a time of day. The first sentence must REVEAL character name and a place, the second reveals age and dissertation time of time. From there, the character must tell the story. This approach asks students to cover assistant with no experience in marketing generate a random list of interesting characters, a list of interesting places, and a list of dissertation reviews, any kind of problem. Students may choose one item from is synthesising each list and mix them into a story. Using the pictures from dissertation reviews this game, students write their own story to describe the pictures. Have students listen to / essay writing the musical scores of oxbridge dissertation, different kinds of movies and write certain kinds of stories based on the music. Have students listen to different songs and identify the main ideas in how to an analytical them.
It's in the Details. In one developed paragraph, students will describe the essence/ personality of someone they know and like very much. Students write a first person paragraph about the weather today and how it makes them feel. They will observe and think about what it looks like outside and the mood it puts them in. Students will describe the mood in a room or another place right after people have just left it as if they are peeking at it through a crack in the wall, unseen. Oxbridge Reviews! This could be a dining room, classroom, theater, place of worship, anywhere. What does the room look like and feel like at the moment when it is empty; peaceful, eery, stirred up? Students should use similes. Students explore ways that details create images in the reader's mind. After reading a paragraph from Harper Lee's How to Kill a Mockingbird, students will record metaphors and similes they found and compare and contrast practice writing their own to dissertation describe things around them.
Students can choose a topic and brainstorm sights, sounds, smells, feelings, and tastes that they associate with that topic, and writing then use some of their ideas to write a poem or short story. Students will write about the most exiting thing that ever happened to them (or make something up) and they will choose words that really convey how exciting it was so that the reader will feel excited too. First students can practice alter 'tell sentences' to make them 'show sentences', and then they will practice this in their own writing. Variety is the Spice of Life. Playing with Sentences.
Dialogue with Sentence Focus. This exercise plays with literal and figurative meanings of puns. Students will go to a website that lists popular puns and then will attempt to create a unique list of their own: http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-funny-puns-and-punny-funs.html. Students will listen to Martin Luther King's famous speech and with the refrain I have a dream and then without it, and dissertation reviews discuss what difference it makes. Students will then think about what they hope for in their future or for the world and will write a series of paragraphs that begin with I dream or I sometimes dream. Students will look for how to write an analytical response paper figurative language in a passage of text and sort it into categories of oxbridge, simile, metaphor, or personification. Students are given a passage with three common mistakes: unnecessary repetition of key nouns, sentences that are all the same length, and flat language.
Students will discuss what is wrong with the passage and harvard dissertation database be explicitly directed to rewrite the paragraph using fewer words, and then rewrite their new paragraph to make it more interesting. Students are given examples of a 'when/then' sentence, a sentence beginning with 'to', and a sentence with a strong sense of dissertation reviews, contrast. After reading each the how to an analytical paper students will each write their own sentence that imitates the examples. Students will write a dialogue between two very different people; one who speaks in oxbridge reviews long sentences, and letter for marketing assistant one who speaks in oxbridge short sentences. Writing Descriptive Essay Esl! The characters will have an argument, and by the end of the story, the argument should be resolved. Blueprint for the Future. Home Sweet Home. The teacher will give the students a selection of oxbridge dissertation, intriguing sentence starters to choose from and students will practice writing an introduction.
Students will practice writing a strong concluding sentence. Students will be introduced to transitions such as, In conclusion, and In light of this evidence, and they will write a paragraph describing how they feel about a 'new' fictional homework policy requiring at least six hours of homework every weekend. Students will write two sharply focused paragraphs about the place where they live; one about the stewart for canadian outside environment, and one about the inside environment. This can be done in dissertation reviews tandem with a sense chart. These two paragraphs be linked together using transitions. Using a worksheet, students will unscramble the order in which sentences should go that have been extracted and reordered from two pieces of writing.
Students should sort them into columns A and B, and decide what the topic sentence and concluding sentences are for each group. Writing Esl! On a separate piece of paper students will put the paragraphs together again, paying attention to the flow of logic and viewing transitions as clues. In a five paragraph essay students will discuss the merits of three kinds of candy or favorite snacks. The body of the paper will devote a full paragraph to a description of oxbridge dissertation, each kind of candy, using their five senses. Harvard Database! In the conclusion, the student should identify which kind of candy is the oxbridge reviews best. Students will write a five paragraph essay about something that they believe needs improvement. What Data! They will propose changes. Reviews! They could write about something in their hometown, school, in a sport, in a food, a store, something on television.
They should use what they've learned about brainstorming topics before writing an stewart writing students w/readings, outline and writing. Stream of Consciousness. Same Theme, Different Reader. Students will hear a story with strong voice, such as The True Story of the Three Little Pigs by Jon Sciezka, and discuss what makes the voice sound like the wolf's voice. Oxbridge Dissertation Reviews! Students will discuss how they know it's the wolf talking, and discuss the wolf's audience and an analytical response paper word choice. Ask students to write a sentence on their own describing what they think happiness is, and what they think sadness is (encourage use of similes, metaphors, and personification). Ask students to share and record their responses on a T Chart for the class to see, then compare and contrast the student answers. Make sure they understand that although they all wrote about the same subject, they all described it a different way, and oxbridge that's voice. Students will use a formal voice (not first person), to harvard dissertation state an oxbridge dissertation, opinion about why their town/city/area/neighborhood, is a good or bad place to live. They will back up their opinion with examples.
The students will write a first person narrative about. a character who confesses to doing something. It can be a major crime or a minor crime. It can be humorous or dramatic. Students will write about anything on what is synthesising, their mind until told to stop, not worrying about paragraphing, spelling, or grammar. They will write as quickly as they can, trying to get every thought on reviews, paper. If students get stuck, tell them to keep repeating their last word in their mind until a new image or thought comes. Some prompts may be I always remember, I hate, Yesterday I dreamt about. . This is to free them from structured writing and stewart / essay writing for canadian w/readings help them experience idea generation and language in a new way. Students will experiment with diction by writing about the same topic in two ways, in two paragraphs, for oxbridge two different audiences.
The first paragraph they should use formal diction, and the second they should use informal diction. They can describe something they have done recently. Writing Descriptive Essay Esl! First, the teacher should read some sentences and have class discussion about which sentences are formal and which are colloquial. Capital Letters Search. Twenty Odd Ducks. Eats, Shoots, and Leaves. Students will understand that adjectives describe nouns with this memorable activity. Students will choose noun at random, and then choose a fun adjective from a bag, and the students will create a picture of that adjective noun combination. This activity will require 3 people. A sentence will be provided with several verbs missing. The student will then choose a secret word to fill it in, whisper the verb to oxbridge dissertation another participant, and for marketing then it out for the 3rd person will then guess.
Students will listen to the story Eats, Shoots, and Leaves by Lynne Truss and then after class discussion, they will have pictures photocopies from the oxbridge dissertation reviews book and sentences to accompany them and they will try to stewart / essay students w/readings fill in reviews the punctuation to stewart writing for canadian students fit the picture. The teacher will read Twenty Odd Ducks by Lynne Truss to the students and the class will discuss what punctuation is for dissertation and why it's important. Students will go through a newspaper or some text and find the capital letters. They will then explain why those words had capital letters. Students will read a paper of theirs from the bottom, up, to better find errors. Middle School ELA. By: Tyler Phipps. 1. They have a hard time remembering. 2. They don't like to do ordinary, repetitive tasks. 3. They must talk to learn.
5. They aren't high school students yet. Give us a common language for feedback. It encourages students to get into a process mindset. It gives criteria for setting a standard. What have you seen not work with your kids when it comes to writing?? How students do not learn to write. Filling out / essay writing students w/readings work sheets and responding to isolated drills. By writing infrequently.
By only oxbridge reviews completing assignments. By using only pencil and how to write an analytical paper. By focusing exclusively on product. By writing about topics that they don't care about. By writing every day.
By using technology. By practicing in content. By writing for real purposes and on oxbridge, TOPICS that matter to them. By writing to incorporate their EMOTIONS. What successes have you experienced with your kids. in terms of compare essay apples and oranges, writing? A. Finding the topic. B. Focusing the oxbridge topic. C. Developing the topic.
D. Using details. A. Applying strong verbs. B.Selecting striking words or phrases. C. Using specific and how to an analytical response paper accurate words. D. Choosing words that deepen meaning. A. Crafting well-built sentences.
B. Varying sentence types. C. Capturing smooth and rhythmic flow. D. Dissertation! Breaking the Rules to create fluency. A. Creating the lead. B. Using sequence words and and oranges transition words. C. Structuring the body. D. Dissertation! Ending with a sense of resolution. A. Establishing a tone.
B. Conveying purpose. C. Cover Letter For Marketing! Creating a connection to the audience. D. Taking risks to create voice. A. Checking spelling. B. Dissertation! Punctuating effectively and paragraphing accurately. C. Capitalizing correctly.
D. Applying grammar and usage. A different approach, Paired Texts is typically done in stewart writing for canadian one of two ways. A different approach where the dissertation focus is placed on the reading to develop your middle schoolers writing.
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50 Examples of Title Tags That Rock at Local SEO. Title tags have been around forever (at least in Web years), and theyíre not particularly sexy. But theyíve always been a big influence on rankings, and probably will be for at least a while. Dissertation? People ask me how Iíd write a title tag. Itís a good question, but Iíd rather explain with examples than blabber on about best-practices. Stewart Writing For Canadian Students W/readings? Iíve rounded up 50 examples from 50 ďlocalĒ businesses. I went to all that trouble because youíll need to go to a little trouble, too: Your title tags can affect your local rankings big-time probably more than they should. It#8217;s worth taking the time to write good ones. Some of oxbridge dissertation reviews these examples belong to cover for marketing no experience in marketing clients of mine, but most examples I found just by oxbridge reviews, poking around. Most of these title tags arenít flawless (not that thereís such a thing as a ďperfectĒ title tag anyway).
And Iím not saying theyíre the reason these businesses rank well. Cover Letter Assistant With No Experience? But these title tags do seem to pull their weight. All the businesses rank well as of this writing usually both in the Google+ Local results and in the local-organic results. By the oxbridge dissertation, way, all the title tags are for homepages, not that that makes a difference: Youíd go about writing a title tag for a subpage in the same way. Flip through these 50 examples of database good title tags, and oxbridge, see how you can make yours a little better: Carpentry Boston Tile Installer RJT Carpentry and Tile. Cover Letter Assistant With No Experience In Marketing? An Sen Acupuncture in Portland Oregon.
Concrete Driveways, Patios New Brighton MN Creative Concrete Inc. Criminal Defence Lawyers Edmonton | Pringle Chivers Sparks Teskey. Nashua Dentist | Todd G Pollack DMD | Cosmetic Dentistry | Nashua NH 03064. Reviews? Furniture Store Northern NJ, Bergen County Princeton | Design Spree. Chandlee Jewelers: Your Trusted Source for Diamond Gemstone Jewelry in Athens since 1980. Is Synthesising? Barbara Oliver Co Jewelry: Engagement Rings, Diamonds, Design, Appraisals | Buffalo Jewelers. Farzad Family Law Top Orange County Divorce Lawyers Family Law Attorneys.
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Santa Barbara Chimney Cleaning Montecito Chimney Service. Do you have any very solid examples of title tags? Leave a comment and let me know! (Please donít include a link; just the name of the page.) Thanks for sharing Phil. Can you tell me in your opinion what makes an response, effective Title Tag? (I know you said you aren#8217;t going to blabber on dissertation reviews, about it, lol) Just trying to see some consistencies in compare and oranges, these and see a pattern. Dissertation Reviews? Some mention company name, some don#8217;t.
Some have a zip code in them, some don#8217;t. Some use and writing descriptive essay, others use | Some have short, some have long TT. Some have their kw once, others have it multiple. And at oxbridge reviews least one of them doesn#8217;t mention their location at all. Writing Students W/readings? (CSRoofing) Thanks, Tyson. Oxbridge Dissertation? I#8217;d suggest reading Danny Sullivan#8217;s piece (which I linked to in the letter with, first paragraph). Oxbridge Dissertation Reviews? Again, the what is synthesising data, whole point of this post is to show examples and let you draw your own conclusions. So my lips are sealed #128578; Yep, I#8217;ve read it, I#8217;ll read it again.
Just wanted to reviews get your .2c. Mission accomplished. Conclusions have been drawn. #128578; Yeah, title tags are more an art than a science, IMHO. Awesome blog and very cool to see a site on database, here that i built! I must say sslimousine.com website does look cool especially that it uses the Google Photospheres to see inside the limos.
It#8217;s all about oxbridge dissertation making a website user friendly. Damn , that is cool. Thanks, Sam. Assistant With In Marketing? Anyone who#8217;s interested: here#8217;s what I#8217;m referring to a very nice #8220;Google Business Photos#8221; shoot: Whoa Sam that is cool. I see Mark Goho did your shoot. Here is example of how they incorporate the Business Photos right into the site: http://www.sslimousine.com/limos/buses/level-1/ Great post, Phil!
It#8217;s always nice to get a perspective on how others do things. This post got me thinking about something. A lot of local businesses will run radio ads (and this applies to Tv a little also) and reviews, they never take into consideration of adding or modifying title tags to how their business is mentioned or positioned in the ad. I have found it very useful to have the write response paper, voice over dissertation reviews modified to the term you would like people to search or tweak a tag to what is writing descriptive essay esl, running already. Seeing all these example reminded me of this for some reason. Again thanks for putting this together.
That#8217;s a great point, Mike. Thanks. It sounds like you#8217;d say that the oxbridge dissertation, title tag needs to mention the #8220;brand#8221; (or whatever people think of as #8220;the brand#8221;). If so, I totally agree. What do you think about adding the local phone number to the title tag? I think generally it#8217;s a bad use of space, but APlusCS.com (one of my examples) does it cleverly. I#8217;d say there#8217;s zero SEO benefit in including the what, phone number; only do it if it helps get the right people to click. You are absolutely right. Plenty of room in the title tag. Got to the party a bit late:) Trying to oxbridge build a list of resources/audit template for what is synthesising staff. This collection of title tags is quite varied in format.
Quite a number of them have the main keyword at reviews the front of the title, which usually helps, I find. Compare Apples And Oranges? It would be interesting to know how each of the sites compare, ranking-rise, for the keywords in their title. I agree about the importance of the title tag. It still holds a lot of weight! They all rank well, but not necessarily for the exact phrase(s) in the title tags. As you say, they#8217;re a pretty varied bunch. Nice examples. Amazing how the right title tag can trump so many other local seo ranking factors. Yeah, although I wouldn#8217;t say title tags #8220;trump#8221; other factors; they#8217;re simply a big factor. Reviews? Thanks for the love on Design Spree. Writing Esl? It#8217;s true that it#8217;s an art, not a science#8230; Thanks for stopping by.
My pleasure: you guys and Design Spree absolutely nail the reviews, on-page stuff. I really appreciate the nice article, it#8217;s a great read. I honestly had no idea how important Title Tags were while I was getting my website put together for me by harvard, No1WebDesign. I got my hosting done through Go Daddy and oxbridge, I#8217;m curious whether or not hosting with a different company would adversely affect my potential SEO? I#8217;m really just getting into the whole SEO thing and it looks like I might need to how to write an analytical paper do a bit of dissertation reviews redesigning beforehand. Thanks again for the great read, it helps alot!
Good question, fellow Phil. Dissertation Database? Nah, assuming your site doesn#8217;t have any downtime during the move to new hosting, you should be fine. Also, if you want to check out BraenStone . com. This is one of our clients, the on-page SEO is basically perfect, except for oxbridge dissertation reviews some schema stuff#8230; Pretty good stuff #128578; Thanks Phil. One of my first managers thought #8220;sentenced#8221; title tags were best#8230;. (nearly 6 years ago!) #8220;Sentenced#8221; title tags might work in a situation where you get extra points for cleverness #128578; Interesting ideas Phil, probably I am not good in harvard database, dealing with the title tags or anything like this but the dissertation, thing is while doing on-page SEO title tags must relate to the content we have on writing, the page but people use their keywords in it. Oxbridge Reviews? My question is #8220;should we make the title with our brand name or the keywords#8221; which one is better or either we use both with a ( ) or a ( | ). Good question. Ideally you have both the brand name and 1-2 #8220;keywords#8221; in there. If that#8217;s too lengthy, maybe the brand name is already pretty keyword-relevant, in which case I#8217;d include that and maybe 1 keyword. Writing Descriptive Esl? It#8217;s a juggling act.
Great info Phil. Working on two sites right now that are re-branding and this will help. First, thank you for this example as many #8220;how to write title tags#8221; articles don#8217;t list several local examples! Next, you had the oxbridge, example of the Nashua business which included the zip code in the title tag. For Marketing Assistant With No Experience? Has there been any recent evidence of oxbridge dissertation reviews this being beneficial (or considered spammy) by Google, assuming that the keyword planner tool says that there actually are searches for local phrases which have the what data, #8220;zip code#8221;? Finally, with the increase in people using their voices to say a root keyword phrase (NON-long tail) into their smart phones, Android evidently appends #8220;near me#8221; to such phrases. Oxbridge Dissertation? Has anyone gone back to add #8220;near me#8221; to either the title or meta description tag? Or (dare I say) add it to the old (now usually empty) meta keywords tag?
Thanks for your thoughts. Thank you for harvard dissertation database this awesome article. Most of the above small biz owners have keywords in their domain name. Dissertation Reviews? I am aware of the fact that keyword in a domain name can make a difference in ranking. So do you recommend small biz owners to buy domains with keywords? Do you insist on letter with no experience in marketing, it? I just found this post through a link in dissertation reviews, your updated Local SEO Guide v3. I notice a lot of the titles are well beyond the 60 characters others seem to recommend for a title otherwise it gets cut-off when displaying in the search results.
I see its written in letter assistant no experience in marketing, 2014 but not sure things have changed that much but wondering if you have guidelines for oxbridge reviews length Phil on how to an analytical response, the title tag in 2016? [#8230;] 50 Examples of dissertation reviews Title Tags That Rock at Local SEO, LocalVisibilitySystem.com [#8230;] [#8230;] 50 Examples of cover letter with no experience in marketing Title Tags That Rock at Local SEO me [#8230;] [#8230;] oder gar komplett zu ersetzen, was auch nicht immer im Sinne des Erfinders ist. Unter diesem Link gibt es 50 Beispiele fur Seitentitel. Diese sind zwar in englischer Sprache, aber trotzdem [#8230;] [#8230;] again. Iím talking about things like accurate categories, consistent citations, many reviews, good title tags, and meaty [#8230;] [#8230;] 50 Examples of dissertation Title Tags That Rock at Local SEO by Local Visibility System [#8230;] [#8230;] the title tag, just do the best you can in terms of getting city names in there. Stewart Writing? In my experience, itís more important to dissertation reviews make [#8230;]
[#8230;] the title tag of one page that ranks in cover with no experience, the [#8230;] [#8230;] Title tags. Most people (especially SEOs) write horrid title tags. Ignore them and just write a good one. [#8230;] [#8230;] If a page isnít ranking #1 then you should consider looking to reviews see if that term is in the title tag. If not, add it. And make sure they are still optimized for and contrast essay apples and oranges humans. Oxbridge Dissertation Reviews? If you need an example of what that means, check out these 50 examples Phil Rozek gives. [#8230;]
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critical essays 1984 There are relatively few good essays concerning 1984 specifically, and to date there has, at least in dissertation reviews the opinion of the author of the present study, been no definitive critical biography or critical study of George Orwell. The material on the relation of James Burnham's The Managerial Revolution to 1984 is of major significance, and the reader should consult the note on this subject above. The most elaborate studies of Orwell available, each of how to write an analytical response paper, which has a chapter on 1984, are the books by reviews, John Atkins, Christopher Hollis, and letter assistant with no experience in marketing Richard Rees. The latter two writers were personal acquaintances of dissertation, George Orwell, and their books contain first hand reminiscences of some value which no doubt will assist in the writing of a definitive study some day.
Perhaps we have been too close to Orwell, since his death a decade and a half ago, to writing essay esl have the kind of oxbridge dissertation, perspective which leads to a major work of criticism being written about him. So far the assistant with in marketing criticism is potential, not actual. Yet he is an important writer; perhaps the major English writer of the 1940s and oxbridge reviews early 1950s, though this is an extreme claim to make. His place in literary history today is by is synthesising data, no means settled, and there are good reasons why this should be so. For in considering the ultimate reputation and relative worth of a man of reviews, letters, the local and topical is inevitably separated out from that which is more universal, more appealing to what data all ages and conditions of oxbridge dissertation reviews, men. Were Animal Farm and what is synthesising 1984 the great successes they were because of the immediacy of their appeal, for they were published just at the point where the full chaos and danger of the postwar world, with its confrontation between former allies of East and West, was becoming clear?
Or do these books have a more timeless appeal? Just as Swift's Gulliver's Travels contains much local satire of English political and religious controversy of the oxbridge early part of the eighteenth century, so Orwell's writing contains similar material. How To Response? But what of its universality? This is the question which a critic must answer at some point when dealing with Orwell. Put another way, was Orwell a brilliant but ephemeral journalist, or did the body of oxbridge dissertation reviews, his work have more solidity than is represented by even brilliant journalism, which after all, by definition appeals to the moment and not to for marketing assistant no experience the long view of history? Orwell was written about during his lifetime, and John Atkins attempted to summarize some of the views expressed about him in oxbridge reviews his book, George Orwell: A Literary and Biographical Study, which is a rather ambitious work, and this may be consulted. Lionel Trilling, in his well-known essay, George Orwell and the Politics of Truth, said with economy and restraint what many have said about Orwell: that he was an dissertation honest and honorable man as well as an honest man of letters. The entire point of the essay, which Professor Trilling originally wrote as an introduction to Homage to Catalonia, may be summed up in the words of one of his students which Trilling himself quotes: He [Orwell] was a virtuous man. For Professor Trilling, Orwell was not a genius.
He was committed man, in the sense that he lived his vision, as have Thoreau, Mark Twain, Walt Whitman, and perhaps Henry James, among major American writers of the past century. Orwell, in fact, was more modern than these; he was engaged in the sense that some of the Existentialists have been engaged and committed to political thought and action for the betterment of human life, whether or not they believed at dissertation reviews the time that betterment was possible. All of Orwell's writing, as Professor Trilling and others have indicated, was directed to political ends which would have as their final result the promotion of human decency. Perhaps there is a lack of really enlightening critical writing about 1984 and other works of Orwell because he was so clear and writing esl precise as a writer. Valuing clarity, simplicity, and precision of expression over anything else in the technical craft of writing, Orwell may have said what he had to oxbridge dissertation say in what such a forceful way that interpretation was not as necessary as it might be in dealing with more complicated, allegorical, literary writers. Sir Richard Rees was a close friend of George Orwell, and it has been said that he is reviews one of the characters, Ravelston, in Keep the Aspidistra Flying, though this has not been proved. It is stewart / essay writing w/readings significant that the oxbridge dissertation title of Sir Richard's book is George Orwell: Fugitive from the Camp of Victory. Harvard Dissertation? For Orwell, the just man would not be found in the camp of victory, perhaps because in dissertation a state of perfect justice (the opposite of 1984, which is a state of perfect injustice), there would be no camps of letter for marketing assistant in marketing, strong and weak. Thus, the interpretation of Orwell by Sir Richard involves his always standing up for the weak against the strong, which has occasionally led to the misrepresentation of his real political position. Special Interpretive Problems.
Special problems in the interpretation of 1984 have been dealt with in appropriate sections of this study. But the critical axioms with which the reader should approach Orwell seem reducible to the following: Orwell's biography is very important, as he was above all a writer who lived his work. Second, Orwell's work is a seamless garment in which every part of it has a bearing on every other part, and all of his work leads up to 1984 and serves as the best background we have for the interpretation of that great political satire. And third, Orwell's purpose in writing was not only to dissertation record what was happening in the world and to project ahead in order to make men realize what was likely to happen; it was as much or more his purpose to change the world. Stewart / Essay For Canadian? He hoped that if he painted political evil vividly enough, men would turn from that evil. Animal Farm, as a political allegory, of course needs more interpretation than does 1984 in terms of the historical meanings of particular characters and events. The difference between the two best-known and most powerful works of Orwell is that they are not only of different literary kinds, - the beast fable and the anti-Utopian fiction - but also 1984 seems to have more universal satirical meanings. Both books deal with what Orwell called the central question - how to prevent power from being abused.
Orwell has no easy answers to this overwhelming question. But he could at least ask it in such a way that his contemporaries could see the absolute importance of the question, and this he did, in language too clear for conventional criticism. A Selection of Views on oxbridge 1984. John Atkins: In his work, George Orwell, cited below in the Bibliography, Mr. Atkins correctly assesses all of Orwell's previous work as preparation for stewart / essay for canadian students 1984, which book is considered to be Orwell's masterpiece. Mr.
Atkins, like Sir Richard Rees and others, attributes the gloom of the ending of 1984 less to ideology than to the fact that Orwell's health had markedly deteriorated as he was writing 1984. The point which Atkins makes is that the best analysis of the basis of oxbridge, society in Oceania and indeed the best critique of 1984 may be found in the work itself, in Goldstein's book The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism. Compare And Contrast Apples And Oranges? Atkins accepts the thesis of dissertation, Goldstein's book as one held by Orwell himself: that the end of power is power, that revolutions corrupt those who lead them, that the perpetual state of apples, war which is maintained by the Party is really Peace, as it leads to a sort of bizarre social stability. While much of oxbridge dissertation, what Atkins says about 1984 is really summary of the work's contents, the point that Orwell himself believed what he embodied in Goldstein's book as far as politics were concerned is a well-taken one, probably correct. Atkins sees the how to response paper Party's great secret as its discovery that the dissertation sense of reality of an analytical paper, most human beings could be dislocated by skillful propaganda, by the process which Orwell called Doublethink. Atkins also gives examples both from Orwell's previous writing and from contemporary political and social history about the oxbridge dissertation dislocation of writing, reality and the deliberate falsification of the past.
Atkins pays especial attention to oxbridge reviews the Party's debasing of stewart / essay w/readings, human sexuality in 1984. Finally Atkins makes what seems to the author of the present study the perfectly valid point that Orwell wrote 1984 not as a prediction of things to come so much as a warning to his contemporaries and immediate successors in Western society that these things - the horrors he described in 1984 - were probabilities if men did not become aware and seek to oxbridge reverse the trend toward totalitarianism. Christopher Hollis, in A Study of George Orwell, includes a chapter on 1984 which, while it makes essentially the same point as does Atkins about the importance of Goldstein's Book in data the understanding of the structure of the work, has a slightly different emphasis than does Atkins. Dissertation? He seems correct in his analysis of Julia's character: she has no metaphysical notion of freedom, and no center to her life other than the physical revolt which she engages in with Winston and others-so nothing else can be expected, given her character, than the quick betrayal of Winston which she does under torture. Mr. Hollis also observes that 1984 is not meant as a definite prophecy; Orwell expected and hoped that the book would be a warning so that the society ruled by Big Brother could not come about. Hollis sees that the Party has destroyed virtue and a sense of honor in the men of the writing society of Oceania, and done its work so well that even if the Party collapsed the system would continue.
If the materialism of the Party is oxbridge true - and Hollis in his interpretation denies that it can be true, on theological and philosophical grounds - then O'Brien is right and Winston Smith is mad: a flaw in the pattern. O'Brien's premises are thoroughly materialistic. Materialism is a philosophy with a history at esl least extending back to the pre-Christian, pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, Democritus; thus it is nothing new, and it should be obvious that it can only be opposed on philosophical and religious grounds. Reviews? This Orwell did, indirectly, in what is synthesising data the view of Mr. Hollis; satire, of course, is indirect but nevertheless can be effective, as 1984 was enormously effective and influential, at least in alerting people to certain political dangers. Hollis makes another important point; that 1984 has as one of its chief literary ancestors an anti-Utopia written by a Russian writer, Eugene Zamyatin.
The name of oxbridge reviews, Zamyatin's book is We, and it was published just after the Second World War. Zamyatin wrote his book in Paris after the Russian Revolution, being disgusted with what he saw as the excesses of the extremists among the compare essay and oranges Russian revolutionaries, the dissertation Bolshevists. We purports to be a picture of society as it exists in 2600 A.D. Not only are there parallels between We and 1984, but, as Mr. Hollis points out, Orwell wrote an essay in January, 1946 [See Tribune, January 4, 1946] in which Orwell praised Zamyatin and demonstrated his familiarity with We.
This was relatively close to the time when he began to compose 1984. Hollis observes that Orwell was indeed familiar with Zamyatin, but that he adapted the philosophy and world-picture of descriptive essay, We to the depiction of English society. Hollis ends with a point consistent with the outlook of his book; he, like Orwell, perceives the decay of religious belief and religious values in twentieth-century Western society, but he makes it clear that he does not accept the unreligious or anti-religious attitudes which Orwell in his view seems to have embraced. Sir Richard Rees sees Animal Farm as more obviously a masterpiece than was 1984. His interpretation of oxbridge dissertation, 1984 does not differ in compare and contrast essay apples too many particulars from those of Atkins and Hollis, because, as previously observed, the oxbridge book is so lucid in its satire that wide divergence in interpretation is difficult if not impossible. However, Sir Richard has a slightly different view of Julia's character; he does not see it as totally shallow, and he is compare and contrast and oranges probably correct in describing her as intelligent but not intellectual. But Julia does not seem a particularly sympathetic character as Orwell drew her; it would be more correct to say that Julia represents life lived only for itself on a physical level which, lacking a philosophy, must fall prey to those who at least hold to some consistent set of beliefs, good or bad. Sir Richard stresses in oxbridge his interpretation the ways in which the Party hierarchy is made adoptive and non-hereditary; he also indicates that it was difficult for Orwell to draw characters from the lower classes, in view of descriptive esl, his own training and oxbridge dissertation reviews background so that the message of Goldstein's Book, and of Orwell himself: If there is hope, it lies in the Proles, is not entirely convincing in terms of cover letter for marketing assistant with no experience in marketing, 1984.
Implied in the interpretation of Rees is the thought that Winston Smith is George Orwell-also a fugitive, ridden by guilt. And this is oxbridge reviews a valid point. As pointed out in the present study, Winston's dreams are heavily tinged by feelings of guilt, and it may be that the psychological roots of his revolt involve his wishing to be caught, so that his feelings of guilt especially toward his mother may receive their proper punishment. The idea of Orwell as a fugitive from the camp of victory - e.g. from the privileged classes in England, which is advanced by descriptive esl, Sir Richard Rees, should be treated with caution; it is by no means the whole explanation of 1984, and ought not to be taken as such, though it does explain something about the source of many of Orwell's ideas and interests. Lionel Trilling's well-known essay, George Orwell and the Politics of reviews, Truth, is really part of an introduction to Homage to Catalonia, and writing descriptive essay thus deals with 1984 only indirectly. The suggestion of Professor Trilling is really that Orwell was a very unusual man in his political outlook and in his essential decency-in fact, that he was a sort of modern-day saint, who not only wrote of his vision, but lived it, like Mark Twain, Thoreau, Whitman, Henry Adams, and Henry James. Orwell was not a genius, said Trilling, but what genius is - the sense in which he used the term, he does not say. He does credit Orwell not only with great imagination and decency, but with a sense of actual participation in the world of affairs so that, unlike many liberal intellectuals in Trilling's view, Orwell knew what he was doing when he wrote of government and administration, of Communism, Nazism, and dissertation other political forms.
Trilling establishes Orwell's relation to Communism and his disillusion with it - this is also important as one considers what precisely Orwell was satirizing in 1984. In his final estimation of Orwell as a decent man, and an honest one, Trilling echoes the view held by writing for canadian students w/readings, most who have written about Orwell or known him-indeed, his essay helped to formulate this view. The Relation Of Other Works Of Orwell To 1984. As has been pointed out by at oxbridge least one critic, everything which Orwell ever wrote was preparation for 1984. However, in addition to certain essays which have been mentioned in the biographical or the critical commentary sections of this study, two of Orwell's books stand out as worthy of consideration in this context: Down and Out in Paris and London (1933), and Coming up for Air (1939). Assistant With? These books are rather different in purpose and in kind, the first being a somewhat fictionalized autobiography, and the second a novel. Oxbridge Reviews? But we will discuss each in turn. Down and Out in Paris and cover assistant with London was written out of impressions Orwell gained during the period from 1927, when he resigned from the dissertation reviews Indian Imperial Police while on leave in England, and stewart writing students w/readings 1933, when he re-emerged from the state of deprivation that he had evidently volunteered for. It would take as much closer study of this period of oxbridge reviews, Orwell's life than has previously been done to account for it fully. What? The most convincing explanation seems to be that Orwell wished at least temporarily to sink to oxbridge the level of the poor and compare and contrast apples and oranges find out what they were really like and what the quality of their daily life might be.
His theory was that very little is reviews known about lower-class life; as he says of the Proles in 1984, nobody knew much about the way they lived. Orwell seems to have undergone feelings of guilt at his privileged position as a white sahib in the British Government Service in Burma, and the guilt feelings may have given rise to a desire to be punished by suffering what the lower classes suffer. But all this is speculation. Orwell said that everything in essay this remarkable book actually happened to reviews him, beginning in Paris when he ran out of money, but that he took certain liberties with the cover for marketing order of the dissertation reviews events. In the book he describes his work as a Paris plongeur or dish washer, working at least six twelve-hour working days a week (and sometimes seven) in an analytical response paper the kitchen of a fasionable Paris hotel, at wages of five hundred francs a month, a mere pittance. Reviews? The unsatisfying, and indeed stupefying quality of write an analytical response paper, this life, and the reasons why men do such work, undergo close analysis by Orwell. Oxbridge Reviews? It is a description of the sordid. Still, he has not touched bottom, for he is at least employed and as the hotel provides food and drink free, he is able to live, though he has no time to read, to travel, or to / essay writing for canadian do anything except eat, sleep, drink, and work - the drink being a fortification against the dulling fatigue of such work. A plongeur is dissertation reviews one of the slaves of the modern world, he wrote, and one is database utterly convinced of the truth of this statement by oxbridge, the time that the stewart students w/readings section of the book comes to an end. Subsequently Orwell does touch bottom, as he quits his job as a dishwasher to work in a highly questionable Paris bistro where the proprietor is always on the edge of bankruptcy. Oxbridge? Leaving this for his return to England, he runs completely out of funds; the job he had signed up for, as he says, to take care of an idiot, had been postponed, and he has nothing to cover letter assistant with live on.
Orwell therefore becomes a tramp, and walks across England from one spike to another (spike being a slang term for poorhouse, where men who were not residents of the parish in which the reviews poorhouses were located could spend only one might in each and then had to move on). He also spent time on the Embankment in London, where men and women who were literally homeless would spend the night attempting to sleep out of esl, doors, as the Embankment-dwellers did not have the price of a bed. Finally, Orwell is rescued from this situation by a friend, and sets out to write about oxbridge, it. This book contains some of the write paper most graphic descriptions of poverty written in the twentieth century. Dissertation? One assumes that Orwell could have contacted school friends and acquaintances to obtain employment, even during a Depression. Harvard Database? But he did not; he was, while suffering dire poverty, soaking up impressions of lower-class life.
The result of this study was not only Down and Out In Paris and London, but also parts of 1984. The account of the lives of the Proles, the oxbridge description of the smelly close quarters in which most people are forced to live by the Party's deliberate edict - these were dividends from his years among the poor, and 1984 may profitably be read with this book as background. Essay Apples And Oranges? Orwell attempted to describe the life of the poor honestly, and oxbridge because he went to such great lengths to study his subject, he succeeded to an unsual extent. The sympathies of most educated people, Orwell said, are not with the dissertation poor; they do not understand them. He at least attempted to understand, though he was not and never became a member of the dissertation reviews submerged classes in terms of his outlook; his education and family background made this impossible. Coming Up for what Air (1939) is that novel of Orwell which most resembles 1984. Its central character, George Bowling, is, when we meet him, forty-five years of age, a commercial traveler (salesman-actually sales supervisor) for an insurance company. Dissertation? He is intended by Orwell to be the epitome of the English lower middle class. But George Bowling is, in a way, Winston Smith, in that he is the man who is just a little bit more perceptive and intelligent than is called for by his environment. Descriptive Esl? George Bowling is a shopkeeper's son who is drafted into the British Army at the start of the First World War, and dissertation who becomes an letter assistant no experience in marketing officer and finds his life spared through several rather absurd coincidences. He has an opportunity to dissertation read, and he is naturally quick with his wits, so that he has in a sense moved somewhat apart from dissertation his class and environment and can therefore see these more clearly while remaining a part of them.
The book is set in 1939, and Mr. Bowling is aware of the kind of reviews, world that is coming: Fear! We swim in it. It's our element. This is compare a prediction of things to come; there is the sub-world of hatred and fear to which Bowling and all of his contemporaries are heading. This novel, like 1984, was more a warning than a prediction. This is the dissertation reviews chronicle of the slightly ordinary extraordinary man in writing descriptive essay a society which is changing, probably for the worse, who is self-aware and who knows that things will never be the same.
George Bowling is dissertation reviews a fat man, in contrast to Winston Smith, who seems almost emaciated. Writing Students? But the two are one in their outlook on many things, especially in reviews their pursuit of the Golden Country. Is Synthesising Data? Both George and Winston (note the heroic first names and the ordinary last names) are constantly seeking what they call the Golden Country. This appears to be a state before the Fall; a state of innocence into dissertation, which they can retreat but which is an illusion. For Winston the Golden Country is the rural scene, akin to the Garden of Eden, in which he meets Julia.
For George Bowling, when he returns to Lower Binfield, his home town, is also seeking this state of descriptive essay esl, innocence. Reviews? Thus, Coming Up for Air is also valuable background for a further understanding of 1984 in general and of Winston Smith in particular.
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