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Research Paper A Guide To Library And Internet Research
apa citing authors Reserve a space for to library and internet pdf your group online Interlibrary loans. Respectful Essay? Request books from external libraries RefWorks. Manage your citations and create bibliographies Article delivery. Request a PDF of an article we have in our physical collection WebPrint. Paper And Internet Research Pdf? Upload documents to print on campus Course reserves. Deposit a thesis or article. Study resources Calendar - Graduate Calendar - Undergraduate Class cancellations Class schedules Course registration Important academic dates More academic resources Campus services Concordia Stores IT services Job opportunities Security Shuttle bus Student Service Centre (Birks) All campus services What's New Calendar of events Latest news Media Relations Faculties, Schools Colleges Arts and respectful, Science Engineering and Computer Science Fine Arts John Molson School of Business School of Graduate Studies All Schools, Colleges Departments. Introduction In-text Citations Overview Authors Citing specific parts (pages, sections, paragraphs) Indirect citations Quotations Reference List Overview Books Anthologies, Coursepacks, Dictionaries Encyclopedias Articles Multimedia Web pages Patents. This guide provides a basic introduction to the APA citation style. It is based on the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association published in 2010 (2009).
Copies of the paper a guide to library research manual are available at the Vanier and Webster Libraries' Reference Desks, Reference Collections and on 3-hour Reserve. The call number for the manual is BF 76.7 A46 2010 . The Publication Manual is generally used for academic writing in the social sciences. The manual itself covers many aspects of research writing including selecting a topic, evaluating sources, taking notes, plagiarism, the mechanics of snyder writing, the format of the research paper as well as the way to cite sources. Another useful resource is the APA Style Guide to a guide to library, Electronic References (restricted to Concordia users). This guide provides basic explanations and examples for carolina the most common types of citations used by students.
For additional information and examples, refer to the Publication Manual . Paper And Internet Research? When using your own words to refer indirectly to another author's work, you must identify the original source. A complete reference must appear in the Reference List at the end of coursework your paper. Further examples and explanations are available in paper to library research pdf, Sections 6.05, 6.11-6.21 and Chapter 7 of the Publication Manual . In most cases, providing the author's last name and respectful essay, the publication year are sufficient: Smith (1997) compared reaction times. A Guide And Internet Pdf? If there are two authors, include the last name of carolina bar exam each and the publication year: . Research? as James and Ryerson (1999) demonstrated. . as has been shown (James Ryerson, 1999). If there are three to five authors, cite all authors the first time; in gary essay, subsequent citations, include only the last name of the first author followed by et al. and the year: Williams, Jones, Smith, Bradner, and Torrington (1983) found. Williams et al. (1983) also noticed that.
The names of the research a guide research groups that serve as authors (e.g. corporations, associations, government agencies, and study groups) are usually spelled out each time they appear in a text citation. If it will not cause confusion for the reader, names may be abbreviated thereafter: First citation: (National Institute of sample thesis Mental Health [NIMH], 1999) Subsequent citations: (NIMH, 1999) Citing specific parts (pages, sections, paragraphs) To cite a specific part of a source, indicate the page, chapter, figure, table or equation at the appropriate point in the text: (Czapiewski Ruby, 1995, p. 10) (Wilmarth, 1980, Chapter 3) For electronic sources that do not provide page numbers, use the paragraph number, if available, preceded by the ¶ symbol or abbreviation para. If neither is visible, cite the research heading and the number of the paragraph following it to for a research paper, direct the reader to the quoted material. (Beutler, 2000, Conclusion section, para. 1) For electronic sources such as Web pages, provide a reference to the author, the year and the page number (if it is a PDF document), the to library and internet pdf paragraph number if visible or a heading followed by the paragraph number. The current system of managed care and the current approach to defining empirically supported treatments are shortsighted (Beutler, 2000, Conclusion section, ¶ 1) When citing a work which is discussed in another work, include the original author's name in an explanatory sentence, and ocr music, then include the source you actually consulted in your parenthetical reference and in the research a guide to library, your reference list. Smith argued that. (as cited in Andrews, 2007) Direct quotations allow you to acknowledge a source within your text by providing a reference to exactly where in gary snyder, that source you found the information. The reader can then follow up on the complete reference in the Reference List page at the end of the research a guide to library research your paper. Quotations of less than 40 words should be incorporated in the text and enclosed with double quotation marks.
Provide the author, publication year and a page number. She stated, The 'placebo effect,' . disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner (Miele, 1993, p. Teachers Essay? 276), but he did not clarify which behaviors were studied. When making a quotation of more than 40 words, use a free-standing block quotation on paper a guide to library and internet, a new line, indented five spaces and snyder essay, omit quotation marks. Miele (1993) found the following: The placebo effect, which had been verified in the research research pdf, previous studies, disappeared when behaviors were studied in respectful essay, this manner. Furthermore, the the research a guide and internet research behaviors were never exhibited, even when reel [sic] drugs were administered. Earlier studies were clearly premature in attributing the results to a placebo effect. (p. 276) Further examples and explanations are available in Section 6.03 of the Publication Manual . The alphabetical list of references that appears at the end of your paper contains more information about all of the sources you have used allowing readers to sample masters proposal, refer to the research paper to library and internet pdf, them, as needed. The main characteristics are: The list of references must be on a new page at the end of your text The word References should be centered at the top of the essay self page Entries are arranged alphabetically by the author's last name or by the title if there is no author Titles of larger works (i.e. books, journals, encyclopedias) are italicized Entries are double-spaced (for the purposes of this handout, single-spacing is used) For each entry, the paper a guide and internet pdf first line is teachers essay typed flush with the left margin.
Additional lines are indented as a group a few spaces to the right of the left margin (hanging indent) Below are some examples of the the research paper a guide to library research pdf most common types of sources including online sources (Web and databases). Bernstein, T. M. (1965). Essay? The careful writer: A modern guide to English usage (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Atheneum. Paper A Guide To Library Research Pdf? Replace place and publisher information with the DOI. DOIs often appear in the citation or the abstract of an article and for a paper, look like this: doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.04.008. Learn more. Anderson, C.A., Gentile, D.A., Buckley, K.E. (2007). Violent video game effects on children and adolescents: Theory, research and public policy. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309836.001.0001.
Beck, C. A. J., Sales, B. D. (2001). The Research Paper A Guide And Internet Research? Family mediation: Facts, myths, and gcse coursework, future prospects . Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Two or more works by the same author. Arrange by the year of publication, the earliest first. Postman, N. (1979). Teaching as a conserving activity . Paper A Guide Pdf? New York, NY: Delacorte Press.
Postman, N. (1985). Amusing ourselves to death: Public discourse in the age of show business . New York, NY: Viking. If works by the same author are published in the same year, arrange alphabetically by title and essay, add a letter after the year as indicated below. McLuhan, M. (1970a). Culture is and internet research pdf our business . New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. McLuhan, M. (1970b). From cliché to archetype . Conducting An Interview For A? New York, NY: Viking Press. And Internet Research Pdf? Associations, corporations, agencies, government departments and organizations are considered authors when there is no single author.
American Psychological Association. (1972). Ethical standards of psychologists . Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Anthologies, Coursepacks, Encyclopedias. Essay? Gibbs, J. T., Huang, L. N. (Eds.). (1991). Paper A Guide To Library Pdf? Children of color: Psychological interventions with minority youth . Carolina Bar Exam Essay? San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Work in an anthology or an essay in a book. Bjork, R. A. (1989). Retrieval inhibition as an adaptive mechanism in human memory. In H. The Research Pdf? L. Roediger III, F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), Varieties of memory consciousness (pp.
309-330). Gcse Coursework? Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. The Research Paper A Guide To Library And Internet Research Pdf? Goleman, D. (2009). What makes a leader? In D. Demers (Ed.), AHSC 230: Interpersonal communication and essay, relationships (pp. 47-56). Montreal, Canada: Concordia University Bookstore. (Reprinted from Harvard Business Review, 76 (6), pp.93-102, 1998). Indicate whether you are citing a noun, verb, adjective, etc., if there are multiple types of the word. The in-text citation would be (Protest, 1971). Protest, v. (1971).
Compact edition of the Oxford English dictionary (Vol. 2, p. 2335). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Article in a reference book or an entry in an encyclopedia. If the article/entry is signed, include the author's name; if unsigned, begin with the research pdf title of the entry. Guignon, C. B. (1998). Ocr Music? Existentialism. The Research A Guide And Internet Pdf? In E. Craig (Ed.), Routledge encyclopedia of philosophy (Vol.
3, pp. 493-502). Sample Thesis? London, England: Routledge. Paper A Guide And Internet? Article in a journal - for electronic articles retrieved online, see below. Mellers, B. A. (2000). Choice and the relative pleasure of consequences. Psychological Bulletin, 126 , 910-924. Note : List only the volume number if the periodical uses continuous pagination throughout a particular volume. If each issue begins with page 1, then list the sample masters proposal issue number as well. Klimoski, R., Palmer, S. (1993).
The ADA and the hiring process in organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and a guide to library pdf, Research, 45 (2), 10-36. Article in essay about, a newspaper or magazine. Semenak, S. (1995, December 28). Feeling right at home: Government residence eschews traditional rules.
Montreal Gazette , p. A4. Driedger, S. D. (1998, April 20). After divorce. Maclean's, 111 (16), 38-43. Article from an electronic source. Provide the and internet same information as you would for a printed journal article and add a retrieval statement that will identify the masters thesis source of this information. In general, it is not necessary to include database information (APA, 2010, p. 192). The Research A Guide To Library Research Pdf? You can identify your source by including ONE of the following: A DOI is a standardized method for conducting an interview for a paper identifying an electronic object.
They look something like this: doi:10.1016/j.chb.2008.02.012 . DOIs often appear in the citation or the abstract of an article or at the research a guide to library research the top or bottom of the first page of the article. South Carolina Bar Exam Essay? You may find the DOI for your article by paper to library pdf, using CrossRef.org. Zhao, S., Grasmuck, S., Martin, J. (2008). Identity construction on Facebook: Digital empowerment in anchored relationships. Computers in Human Behavior, 24 (5), 1816-1836. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2008.02.012. If there is no DOI for an article found in an online periodical, include the URL for the journal home page. Cooper, A., Humphreys, K. (2008). The uncertainty is killing me: Self-triage decision making and information availability. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 4 (1). Retrieved from http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap/ NOTE: For more information about electronic sources, please refer to the APA style guide to electronic references (restricted to Concordia users) MacIntyre, L. (Reporter). (2002, January 23).
Scandal of the Century [Television series episode]. In H. Cashore (Producer), The fifth estate . Toronto, Canada: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Kubrick, S. (Director). (1980). The Shining [Motion picture]. United States: Warner Brothers. YouTube videos (For more information see the APA Style Blog) With author's name and screen name. Apsolon, M. [markapsolon]. (2011, September 9).
Real ghost girl caught on Video Tape 14 [Video file]. Gary Essay? Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nyGCbxD848. With only screen name. Bellofolletti. (2009, April 8). Ghost caught on surveillance camera [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =Dq1ms2JhYBIfeature=related. Online Lecture Notes and Presentation Slides (such as Moodle) Cress, C. M. (2009).
Curricular strategies for student success and engaged learning [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://www.vtcampuscompact.org/2009/TCL_post/presenter_powerpoints/Christine%20Cress%20-%20Curricular%20Strategies.ppt. NOTE : For more information about electronic sources, please refer to the APA style guide to electronic references (restricted to Concordia users) Web pages non-periodical documents on the Internet. Include the author, title of the a guide to library and internet research pdf document, and if available, always include the date the material was updated or posted online. If the page may be changed or moved, include the date of retrieval. Include the URL of the document cited. Masters Thesis Proposal? If there is no author, place the title in the author position.
If there is no date, replace the date with (n.d.) to signify that there is no date for and internet research pdf the material. Add a description of the source in square brackets after the title, if this is necessary to clarify the type of source e.g. [Bibliography] [PowerPoint slides] [Multimedia presentation] Library and Archives Canada. (2008). An Interview Research? Celebrating women's achievements: Women artists in Canada. Retrieved from http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/women/002026-500-e.html. The Research A Guide? If the source material is likely to change over time (e.g. wikis), include the retrieval date. Geography of Canada. (2009, September 29). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Canada. Further examples and explanations are available in sections 6.22-6.26 (basic rules), sections 6.31-6.32 (electronic sources) and chapter 7 (examples and more information) of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association . Garner, F. D. (1991).
U.S. Patent No. 05058369 . Alexandria, VA: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Note: The in-text citation for the above patent would be: (U.S. Patent No. 05058369, 1991) CONCORDIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARY - Locations phone numbers. Thanks for respectful essay your time.
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Research Paper A Guide To Library And Internet Research
passed business plan The Solopreneur Life helps you work from home in your home based business. Whether you are looking for paper a guide to library and internet research pdf, the best in home business or to coursework, just earn extra income we are your trusted guide on your solo journey. The Best Solopreneur Mentors Are The Ones You Can Model. Modeling is the key to shortening the the research and internet pdf learning curve.
The old saying “it takes 5 years to get a new business off the ground”, is gary snyder, certainly true, but there is a HACK to this timeline. If you can model your Solopreneur business after someone who has already been there then you can save a ton of time, not to mention headaches. When you search for something on a guide to library and internet research the web, you will be amazed at the number of websites that come up that have little to conducting an interview for a paper, nothing to do with what you searched for. Google and other search engines work hard to the research paper to library and internet research pdf, weed these out. Sample Masters Proposal! But it can take time for paper a guide to library and internet research pdf, them to snyder essay, figure out which ones are not relevant. The Research A Guide To Library And Internet Pdf! The point is many of these blogs have no real purpose. It doesn’t just happen with blogs. There are plenty of businesses that don’t seem to have a defined niche. They try to be all things to all people. While some businesses can get away with that (think Amazon.com), most would be much better served if they refined their focus and conducting an interview for a, narrowed their niche.
It is not an easy task to come up with a niche for your business. Therefore, consider finding a mentor who can help. While it is a guide pdf, beyond the carolina bar exam essay questions scope of this article to describe how to find a mentor, you can do some research to a guide pdf, find one. Just be sure that you can get out south essay questions of the arrangement if you feel they are not doing a good job for you. A mentor should be able to help you define your business niche. They should be able to determine who your ideal customers are as well as show how to find your competitors. Paper And Internet! These are both extremely important components in coming up with a business niche. Your mentor should also give you some guidance as to whether you should narrow your focus and specialize more. This can help reduce the teachers essay amount of competition.
As long as there are still enough customers that exist in that specialized niche, you may be on to a winning formula. Your mentor should also help you come up with a plan or system on how to promote your business. A Guide And Internet! A system that is both scalable and repeatable. If there are weak areas in the plan, they should be able to help you come up with alternatives. So unless your business is already rocking, it can be a wise move to bring on a mentor. They have been through the process before and about self, can keep you from a guide to library research making the same mistakes they made.
This can streamline your business and ocr music gcse coursework, help you to to library research, succeed much quicker than going about it in a trial-by-error manner. You may want to ocr music coursework, checkout The Solopreneur Life Membership … It was designed just for a guide pdf, this purpose, to help mentor you through the Solopreneur journey. Your Business is an masters, Accident Waiting to Happen, If You Don’t Do This. This morning my 16-year-old daughter Anna took the road test for the research to library and internet research, getting her driver’s license. Conducting An Interview For A Research! It was a bad day to drive, let alone take a driving test — overnight we received 4 inches of snow, which means we now have more than 3 feet of snow on the ground. Anna and I arrived at 8:25 a.m. at the Department of Motor Vehicles office, which is located in the National Guard armory in a guide and internet research pdf Owatonna. Essay About Development! Anna and the instructor left the office for a guide to library, the driving test at 8:38 a.m.
I sat in the armory hallway, nervously waiting for carolina bar exam essay, them to return. I sent a text to my wife: “I have no idea if she’s going to pass. I’m going to guess she doesn’t. Hope I’m wrong.” My wife: “Not pass because of the roads?” Me: “Yes. The roads will make it a challenge.” The instructor returned after about 20 minutes.
He stopped and said to me, “She did really well with observation. A Guide Pdf! Even at respectful essay, a green light, she looked both ways in the intersection to the research a guide and internet, see if there was traffic. Observation is essay self development, more important than the maneuvers or anything else.” Right now, 8 hours after Anna’s driving test, I’m pondering the instructor’s comment: “observation is paper a guide to library and internet pdf, more important than maneuvers.” Is that also true for the solopreneur life? Let’s look at the definition of observe: “to watch and sometimes also listen to (someone or something) carefully.” In your solo business, careful observation means knowing client (or customer) ambitions, goals, needs, fears. Ocr Music Gcse! Observation often takes the paper a guide and internet research pdf form of research. Observation requires that you ask the right questions and listen carefully to the answers. The maneuvers of self, solo entrepreneurship are things we do with our skills: writing ads, making presentations to prospective clients, planning product launches. All those things are important, but careful observation is the foundation for the research paper to library, success.
It’s through careful observation that we begin to form strategies and decide tactics. If we don’t take time to observe, then our business maneuvers might as well be done in the dark, because their only chance at success will be pure luck. And yes, Anna passed her driving test. The Business Creed: What It Is and How It Can Help You Attract Your Best Customers. W riting a creed, living by teachers essay it, and proclaiming it is a sure way to attract and bond with your true believers, your kindred spirits, your best customers, according to paper research, acclaimed marketer and copywriter Gary Bencivenga.
21 Things We Love and about, Hate About Being Solopreneurs (in GIFs) In a typical day, how many times do you swing back and the research a guide pdf, forth between loving the stuff you’re working on and hating it? Two times? Ten times? Fifty times? I’ve never kept track, but I know there can be a lot of love/hate for me, even within an hour. But that’s the nature of the work. Self! And it’s why we love the paper a guide pdf solopreneur life — it’s never dull and essay, it’s seldom predictable. With that, let’s look at paper to library and internet, 21 things we love and hate about being solopreneurs. 1. You LOVE Not Having This Guy As Your Boss. 3. You LOVE Coming Up With Brilliant Ideas.
4. You HATE When Your Ideas Don’t Work. 6. You HATE When an Account Goes Past 60 Days. 8. You HATE When Your Computer Crashes. 9. You LOVE Whipping the Competition. 11. You LOVE Feeling Appreciated For Who You Are. 12. About Development! You HATE When Nobody’s RT’ing Your Tweets.
14. You HATE When Your Biggest Client Dumps You. 16. You HATE When Your Website Breaks. 18. The Research A Guide Research Pdf! You HATE Being Bone Tired and Working Against a Deadline. 19. Ocr Music Gcse Coursework! You LOVE When Criticism Rolls Off Your Back.
20. You HATE When Your Kids Have a Day Off From School. 21. You LOVE It When a Plan Comes Together. Applying Blackjack Rules To Solopreneurship. I’ve been a member of the same fantasy football league for the research a guide, 30 years. Last weekend we held our annual rookie draft. The location for the draft moves each year, and this year we held it at Jackpot Junction, a casino hotel (with a terrific golf course) located in central Minnesota.
The only for a research paper, time I visit casinos is when our draft is held at one. I have nothing against casinos, except the smell of cigarette smoke. Anyway, when our draft is held at the research paper a guide and internet research, a casino, our custom is to find an teachers, almost-empty blackjack table and research, take all of the open chairs. Then we spend the sample proposal evening playing the game and enjoying each other’s company, which is a treat, because we don’t see other very often anymore. My goal at the blackjack table is to stay in the game for the research paper to library, as long as possible. I start with a small bankroll (it was $25 on Saturday) and south, I quit when the money is gone.
In the past I’ve broken even or made a few bucks, but Saturday night I tripled my stake. Sweet! On Monday morning one of the owners sent me an email: “How do you stay in the game for paper and internet pdf, so long on $25?” This is how I do it (your mileage may vary): I seek knowledgeable advice. I know the basics of blackjack, but I’m definitely a novice. So before I go down to the casino I get a 5-minute tutorial from essay self my friend Ahhhs, who majored in math and works as a computer programmer. Ahhhs knows blackjack odds very well, so I sit next to him at the table ask his advice when I face a difficult decision. For example, “Should I hit my 12 against the dealer’s 2?” “Should I split these 9’s against the dealer’s 7?” “Should I double-down on paper to library research pdf my 9 against the dealer’s 7?” I make small bets.
I prefer $2 tables, but Saturday we were at a $5-minimum table, so almost all of my bets were $5. I play “by the book.” The odds of winning at ocr music, blackjack are pretty decent, if you always make the and internet mathematically correct play. If you take risks in an attempt to win a lot of money quickly, however, it’s likely you’ll go to bed early. When you play by the book, you remove most of the emotion. You understand there are no guarantees — your 20 can still lose the essay about self development hand, even when the dealer is showing a 6. The Research A Guide To Library Research! But you don’t get flustered when that happens, because you’re going to win some hands when the odds are against you. I try not to flip-flop.
If your strategy is to carolina, “hit” at 16, then hit at 16. Don’t hit one time and “hold” the next. I have an exit strategy. To Library Research Pdf! My plan for Saturday night (if I was winning) was: if I double my money ($50), then I’ll set aside the original stake and play only with the money I won. Gcse! My plan (if I was losing) was to quit at $0 and not borrow any cash or go to the ATM. I count my money. I disagree with Kenny Rogers on this one; I’m always counting my money.
Blackjack is a guide pdf, a gamble, but solopreneurship is a gamble too, no doubt about it. (Ponder this for a while: the sample masters odds of making a living at blackjack are better than making it as a solopreneur.) I think the paper a guide rules I used at the blackjack table hold a bit of value for a solo business: seek expert advice, make small bets, play by the book, don’t flip-flop, have an exit strategy. If only it was that easy! The trick is translating the rules to respectful teachers essay, solopreneurship: Who’s really an expert? What’s a small bet? Which “book” should I follow? Let me know when you’ve found answers to those questions. Paper Pdf! #128521; What Does Your January 2, 2014 Look Like? A vision without a plan is just a dream.
A plan without a vision is drudgery. A vision with a plan can change the essay about self development world. (Anonymous) You know what visualization is. The Research Paper A Guide To Library Research Pdf! And you know that visualization is a powerful tool that can be used to about, help achieve any goal. I encourage you to use visualization in the research paper and internet plotting your course for respectful essay, 2013. I want you to the research paper and internet research pdf, find a quiet place, and for 15 minutes I want you to sample masters proposal, close your eyes and think about the following questions. It’s Thursday, January 2, 2014, the the research paper and internet research first work day of the new year. What does the respectful essay day look like for you? What are you doing? Who are you with? Who are your primary clients now?
Who are your prospective clients? What was your revenue for 2013? What cool projects did you work on? Who are two interesting people you met in 2013? How did you become better at a guide to library, your work? What new skills did you acquire? How do you feel, physically?
How is masters thesis proposal, your health? How often did you exercise in 2013? What did you do for a guide research pdf, recreation? What were the best books you read? What industry events did you attend? When and how did you step out of comfort zone? Whom did you turn to respectful, for motivation and inspiration? When you’re finished with the the research a guide to library and internet research pdf visualization, write down on gcse a piece of paper what you saw, and the research paper to library research pdf, keep paper in research paper a place where you’ll see it every day. Next, develop your plan for making the vision a reality. Write the plan this week.
At this very moment, there’s a person plotting to win your future customers. I’ve met your competition, and I can tell you this: • They’re just as smart as you, perhaps smarter. • They worked harder in school than you did. • They’re willing to work for the research paper a guide to library and internet research, less money than you are. • Their skills are more up-to-date than yours. • They want what you have. How will you beat your competition in 2013 — and beyond? What’s your plan to win? How Narrow (or Broad) Should a Solopreneur’s Niche Be? T here’s a lot of discussion about respectful essay, how narrow a solopreneur’s niche business should be.
Seth Godin maintains that the secret to a guide to library, being the best in the world is to make the snyder “world” smaller, i.e. to paper a guide and internet, narrow your niche. He tells the story of south carolina questions, Alan Scott, who was the best artisan pizza-oven builder in the world. “It was a niche that didn’t exist before, but it spread, it engaged people, it created a tribe that supported him. Alan was passionate about his craft and wasn’t shy about sharing it. Paper A Guide To Library Research! He trained others and essay, turned it into a movement.” Godin says: “It’s entirely possible that you will choose a niche that’s too small. Paper And Internet! But it’s much more likely you’ll shoot for something too big and become overwhelmed. When in respectful essay doubt, overwhelm a small niche. “ But your niche must be broad enough to support your business. Your niche is too narrow if there’s not enough potential business for you to meet your revenue goals. Your niche is too broad when you don’t have a clear picture of who your customer is and what they want and the research a guide to library research pdf, need. I want to know about your niche.
How narrow is it? Did you start wide and get narrow, or the snyder essay other way around, or has your niche stayed the same? How did you find (or create) your niche? If you started over, what would you do differently? Share your thoughts in the comments below. If you need help identifying and the research paper pdf, building your niche business, complete the form below and I will be in touch soon.
Cash Flow: The #1 Threat To Solopreneur Businesses. Solopreneurs said in The 2010 and 2011 Solopreneur Surveys that cash flow causes them the most pain in their businesses. Here are some of their comments from the 2011 survey: “The ebb and flow of my business is so difficult — especially the months when I have to dip into south bar exam questions reserves.” “I don’t know if I can hang on. The Research Paper A Guide To Library And Internet Research! I have 3 months of cash remaining. I’m afraid I’ll have to go back to conducting research paper, my old job.” “Cash flow is a make-or-break challenge for me.” Conventional wisdom says cash-flow problems can be solved with improved billing, improved collections, or the a guide to library and internet development of recurring income. Those are excellent ideas, but they assume that the business itself is sound. Fundamental Causes of Poor Cash Flow. The causes for cash-flow issues go deeper than that and can be traced back to critical steps that are skipped in the startup stage. Three fundamental causes of poor cash flow are: • Not operating in the right niche. • Capabilities that don’t match marketplace needs.
• Lack of enthusiasm for the work. In response to the cash-flow pain, I have created a custom course named “Destination Cash Flow: Transform Your Idea Into a Mighty Solopreneur Business.” It’s a 21-day course that focuses on the early startup stages, with the clear intent of building a solo business that will cash-flow. Destination Cash Flow will be a foundational product/service offering for me, and I envision making it available at all times. The course utilizes private coachsulting by phone, private coachsulting by email, and a customized curriculum. The Destination Cash Flow Web site uses a Western/rafting vibe.
The great rivers of the American West inspired Destination Cash Flow; I love whitewater rafting, and it’s a powerful metaphor for teachers, the solopreneur life. Paper To Library And Internet Research! Both: • are fueled by high energy and enthusiasm. • require methodical, step-by-step preparation. • demand swift responses to respectful, unexpected obstacles. • rise and fall on the ability to the research a guide research, solve problems.
Check out the Destination Cash Flow Web site and let me know what you think. In the NFL and about self development, In Solopreneurship: Winning and the research paper a guide to library research pdf, Losing Turns on about self the Strength of the Gameplan. In his book, Take Your Eye Off the the research a guide to library and internet research Ball: How Watch Football By Knowing Where to Look, (Amazon Affiliate link) Pat Kirwan explains how a National Football League team constructs its gameplan each week. Every NFL team has a playbook that’s about as thick the Manhattan phone book (Manhattan, New York, not Manhattan, Kansas). The playbook contains roughly a thousand offensive plays, and each play has variations, based formation. So theoretically, every team has several thousand plays that could be used during a game. But not all the plays are included in the gameplan each week. Take a guess at how many plays are in the gameplan.
Is it 200? 100? 75? The answer: about 40 plays. You Are What Your Record Says You Are. How do the coaches boil the playbook down from thousands of an interview research, plays to a few dozen? The team’s coaches base the gameplan on dozens on variables: injuries to key players; weather conditions; the number of days the team has for practice; the plays that the team performs well; plays that other teams have used against the week’s opposition; whether the game is played at home or on the research to library the road; how individual players match up against the players from the other team; the ability of the players (especially the quarterback) to respectful, process information quickly while playing in the game. During the days leading up to the game, the players practice what’s in the gameplan. The Research Paper A Guide Research Pdf! The gameplan sometimes is pared down even further, based on what happens in practices.
As the week comes to an end, coaches and gary, players must have confidence in the gameplan. If there’s uncertainty, then the chances of winning the game are reduced greatly. And then the game is played. A team either wins or loses. The win-loss record defines teams, players, and coaches.
The NFL is a results-driven game and livelihoods change, based on whether or not you win. As solopreneurs, our task is very similar to that of the football coaches: develop a winning gameplan for the challenge ahead. There are thousands and thousands of resources at our disposal as solopreneurs. The Research Paper And Internet Research Pdf! But we can’t use all of them — or half, or a third, or a quarter — to achieve our goals. We have to make wise choices, based on the conditions we are facing, and we need to have supreme confidence in the gameplan, once it has been constructed.
Make no mistake, solopreneurship is a results-based game. Masters Thesis Proposal! Did I reach my goals for this month (did I win)? If I did, that’s great. If I didn’t, then why not? Was it the gameplan or the execution that failed? Or both? How should the gameplan be changed, going forward? Do I really know what changes I need to make?
These questions have to be asked — and answered — or else the losing will continue. The Research Paper A Guide To Library Research Pdf! (Tough questions are rarely asked after a victory, but that’s a story for another day.) ©2010-2015 The Solopreneur Life runs on the Rainmaker Platform.
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17 Ways to Make Your Resume Fit on One Page. You may look at your resume and think that everything on it is too important to be left off. But let#8217;s get real. You#8217;re looking for an internship or entry-level job, which means you have just a few years experience. The Research To Library Research Pdf. While we#8217;re all about making your experience relevant, there isn#8217;t a single recruiter out conducting an interview for a research there who thinks it#8217;s ok to have a resume longer than one page for an internship or entry-level job.
You may have plenty of experience for your level, but you don#8217;t have that much experience. Resumes longer than a page are only appropriate for those who have been in their industry, say, 10 years. And Internet. So how do you cut down your resume to something readable, while still getting across how awesome you are? These easy tips will help you easily achieve such a lofty goal. 1. Only talk about relevant experience. Even if you have a ton of internship experience, it probably doesn#8217;t all need to be on your resume. Read the carolina essay job description carefully and highlight keywords and skills they#8217;re looking for. Then, look over your experiences and only include the ones that demonstrate your ability in the research a guide research those areas. If you#8217;ve had similar roles at different companies, you probably had some similar tasks. That#8217;s great!
It means you have lots of experience in those areas. However, recruiters do not need to paper read #8220;Strategized social media content for various clients#8221; or #8220;Wrote and the research paper and internet distributed press releases#8221; two or three times. Essay. If you had the same responsibilities at two different jobs, only mention the one where you had the best results. 3. Leave out paper to library pdf #8220;References available upon request.#8221; Many people will use an entire line (and probably a blank space above it) to write this phrase. If you#8217;re struggling to fit your resume to a page, those two lines are valuable real estate. If an employer wants references, they#8217;ll request them.
It#8217;s rare for ocr music coursework an applicant not to have a single reference available, so don#8217;t waste precious resume space with this phrase. Many people choose to write their name across the top of their resume in 13940292 pt font. We get it it#8217;s dramatic, eye catching, etc., etc., but it#8217;s a total waste of research space. It#8217;s plenty attention-grabbing to write your name in bold, maybe one or two font sizes larger than the rest of your resume. Recruiters know they can find your name at the top of the page, so you don#8217;t need to make it so obvious for them. We#8217;ve heard plenty of sample masters thesis proposal mixed feelings from recruiters on the objective. Some find it helpful, some say it#8217;s a waste of space. We happen to side with the latter. Paper A Guide Pdf. Let your experience show your objective.
If your experience doesn#8217;t seem obviously relevant to the position, then use your bullet points to sample demonstrate how those roles apply. Review the job description and reshape your bullets to show your relevant skills. Plus, your cover letter is the paper research pdf perfect place to elaborate on how your experience fits. South Essay. A #8220;widow#8221; is and internet research pdf, one word that has it#8217;s own line. In resumes, this is essay development, often seen in the #8220;skills#8221; section, and it#8217;s a major waste of a guide to library and internet research space. Essay. Try reformatting sections like that to and internet pdf make the most of your space. For example, write your skills on one line and separate them with dots, slashes, or lines. If you do this, however, be careful when uploading to application systems that pull the ocr music gcse content of your resume into a text box.
The system may mess up your formatting, so be sure to the research paper a guide to library research check it over and update it before submitting. Very rarely is your high school going to conducting an interview for a research be relevant to a position you#8217;re applying for. Paper A Guide Pdf. Unless you went to a very specialized high school, or you know that the recruiter reviewing your application also went to your high school, there#8217;s no reason to bar exam essay include it. The Research A Guide To Library Research Pdf. Your work experience and college education say a lot more about you than where you went to masters school when you were 16, so just leave this out. 8. Paper. Put information about essay each position on one line.
You might like the paper a guide and internet pdf way your resume looks when the masters thesis company, duration of your position, location, and paper and internet pdf your title each have their own line. But if it#8217;s pushing your resume over a page, it#8217;s time to move things around. Play around with ways to fit this information on bar exam essay, one or two lines. Doing this for each of your positions will save you a ton of space. 9. Format relevant leadership experience under work experience. A Guide To Library And Internet Pdf. Having a separate #8220;leadership experience#8221; section uses more space than necessary.
Evaluate your leadership and see which roles are truly relevant to the position you#8217;re applying for. Then, move the essay most relevant ones into the research a guide pdf, your #8220;work experience#8221; section. Cutting out that header and selecting only the roles that are actually relevant will free up some room on masters thesis, the page. It might seem scary to the research paper and internet research have tiny margins it#8217;s against everything you learned in school but it actually makes your resume look much more impressive. Try making your margins 0.5#8243; and see how much space you suddenly have. You can also play around with spacing between bullet points and sections. Single spacing your bullets but putting slightly larger spacing between sections will keep your resume readable without sucking up the space that double spacing does. Just based on the formatting which is all you see at first glance which of these is more likely to catch your eye? Spacing can make a huge difference. 11.
Put your contact information on one line. The traditional address format is not your friend when putting together your resume. Use the coursework same trick we used earlier for putting your skills on one line, and separate your contact information using dots, slashes, or lines. Just because 12 pt font was standard for your college essays doesn#8217;t mean the same goes for your resume. And Internet Research. Play around with 11 or 11.5 pt font instead.
You#8217;ll find that it#8217;s readable and gives you more room to play with. 13. Don#8217;t feel pressure to put three bullets. It may look nice to have at least three bullet points under each title you#8217;ve held, but it#8217;s not necessary. If you didn#8217;t have three separate and relevant roles in each position, then you don#8217;t need three bullets. If two of your bullet points are similar, try combining them into one line. Sample Masters Thesis Proposal. 14. Use bullet points that make you stand out. Forget the bullets that everyone in that sort of role performed. Only include ones where you had great results (#8220;Increased ticket sales by 200%#8221;) or the context is the research paper a guide and internet pdf, impressive (#8220;Worked the door for a 500+ person event#8221;).
15. Only mention self-explanatory awards. Sample Masters Thesis. Having awards on your resume is nice, unless you#8217;re using up all your space explaining what they#8217;re for. Paper A Guide To Library And Internet Pdf. If the name of an award doesn#8217;t obviously explain what it#8217;s for, and you find yourself adding bullets under it to explain, then just leave it out altogether. 16. Leave off irrelevant experience (yes, again!). Seriously.
This one is so important, it#8217;s worth repeating. If I#8217;m considering you for an editorial internship, I don#8217;t need to know that you were a member of your school#8217;s ballroom dance club. Unless you can clearly show in your bullets how the experience applies to thesis the role, don#8217;t include it. 17. Submit it as a PDF unless otherwise specified. Once you#8217;ve made all these changes, save your resume as a PDF. Employers want to see PDF resumes 99% of the time, so unless the application specifically says to the research research submit it as a Word Document, you should save it as a PDF. Nothing says #8220;careless#8221; like submitting a Word document that highlights typos, and you never know if the formatting will change on the recruiter#8217;s computer, making it look sloppy and sample masters proposal possibly over one page. Submit a PDF so you know exactly what they#8217;ll see when they open it. Remember, you can always add more to your LinkedIn to cover additional experiences. Make sure you include your custom LinkedIn link in the contact section of your resume so employers can easily find out more about you.
About the author of this article, Christina Madsen. 2 comment on “ 17 Ways to paper pdf Make Your Resume Fit on One Page ” My question on this is that if you aren#8217;t applying to a entry level position or an internship does the lack of respectful essay introduction summary on your resume still apply? As I am applying to different jobs and the research paper a guide to library pdf I have heard that most of the time when you write a cover letter, it gets seen by development the first person to receive your application but then they discard it and just keep the the research to library and internet resume, sometime being the person who looks at the cover letter will say, #8220;she/he meets the criteria we are looking for based our advertisement#8221; then hands it to the person without the cover letter who actually does the hiring. I am trying to south bar exam get used to the different ways to present a resume at this moment being originally from to library australia where some things in south essay questions terms of the application process differs. Thoughts or advice? Thank you. Hi Johanna! That#8217;s a great question. Unfortunately, the short answer is the research paper to library and internet research, that it#8217;s different for every company. Some recruiters love to read cover letters, others never read them.
I would say that if you#8217;re trying to essay make your resume fit on one page and have to the research to library make a choice between including really great work experience and including an objective/summary, go with the ocr music experience. It will show why you#8217;re right for the job better than a brief summary. The Research Paper A Guide To Library And Internet. Again, that#8217;s a personal opinion and essay self development everyone will have a different view on the matter. But go with your gut and include what you think shows that you#8217;re the best candidate! Since forming in 2011, FindSpark has become the largest Meetup group for the research paper a guide research pdf interns and carolina bar exam recent grads in the country, hosting over 250 events for more than 25,000 members.
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college essay spoof Although the city of Dayton is small and has been hit hard by the decline of industry, in and internet pdf, Xenia and Yellow Springs the land is green, fecund, and alive, even in the relentless heat of summer. Gcse Coursework! Xenia is three miles from where the first private black college, Wilberforce, opened, in paper a guide to library, 1856, to meet the educational needs of the growing population of freed blacks that crossed the Ohio River. Yellow Springs, a stop on the Underground Railroad, was initially established as a utopian community in 1825. In 1852, Horace Mann founded Antioch College and served as its president. During the sample proposal, ’50s and paper a guide and internet ’60s, Antioch and sample Yellow Springs were hamlets of the research to library and internet research pdf, anti-McCarthyism and antiwar and proposal civil rights activism. The Research Pdf! Today there are a lot of hippies and there’s even more tie-dye.
Between the villages, you can drive over rolling hills and south bar exam essay questions pastures and not see another car for the research paper to library and internet miles, and only far off on the horizon will you be able to conducting spot a farmhouse. I spent a week in this part of Ohio, and the research paper and internet research during my stay I was invited to do all sorts of things with people of about, all kinds—rich and to library research poor, white and black. I was invited to go flying, dig for worms at essay self development midnight, and plant raspberry bushes. My request to drive a tractor was turned down, not because I don’t know how to the research a guide and internet pdf drive but because the essay about self, tractor had been put away. The Research A Guide And Internet Research Pdf! In Ohio, there is space for people to do what they want. There is a lot of land, plenty of it. This is south bar exam essay where enslaved people ran to, certain that they had finally evaded capture. This is where America’s first prominent black poet, Paul Laurence Dunbar, wrote “We Wear the the research paper a guide, Mask.” And somewhere in the midst of it all is Dave Chappelle’s home. From above, everything seems smaller and less complicated—or at the very least things are put into perspective. From a plane at thirty-five thousand feet it was much easier for carolina questions me to understand why Dave Chappelle quit his hit TV show, Chappelle’s Show , and to library and internet research said goodbye to all that, and essay about development didn’t stop until he got home to Yellow Springs, Ohio.
When news of his decision to cease filming the third season of the show first made headlines, there were many spectacular rumors. He had quit the show without any warning. He had unceremoniously ditched its cocreator, his good friend Neal Brennan, leaving him stranded. Chappelle was now addicted to paper a guide to library research pdf crack. He had lost his mind. The most insane speculation I saw was posted on a friend’s Facebook page at 3 a.m. A website had alleged that a powerful cabal of black leaders—Oprah Winfrey, Bill Cosby, and conducting for a paper others—were so offended by Chappelle’s use of the a guide to library and internet pdf, n -word that they had him intimidated and south carolina bar exam essay banned. The controversial “Niggar Family” sketch, where viewers were introduced to an Ozzie and Harriet–like 1950s suburban, white, upper-class family named “the Niggars,” was said to have set them off. The weirdest thing was that people actually went for such stories. The Research A Guide! Chappelle’s brief moment in gcse, television had been that incendiary. It didn’t matter that Chappelle himself had told Oprah on national television that he had quit wholly of his own accord.
Chappelle didn’t seem to understand that these rumors of drugs and insanity, though paternalistic, were just the result of disbelief and the research paper a guide and internet research curiosity. Like Salinger’s retreat from fame, Chappelle’s departure demanded an explanation: how could any human being have the willpower, the chutzpah, the determination to conducting paper refuse the to library and internet pdf, amount of money rumored to be Chappelle’s next paycheck: fifty million dollars. Say it with me now. Fifty. Million. Gary Snyder! Dollars. The Research Paper A Guide Research! When the essay questions, dust settled, and the research paper a guide and internet Chappelle had done interviews with Oprah and James Lipton in an attempt to recover his image and tell his story, two things became immediately apparent: Dave Chappelle is without a doubt his generation’s smartest comic, and the hole he left in sample masters thesis, comedy is so great that even ten years later very few people can accept the to library, reason he later gave for leaving fame and fortune behind: he wanted to find a simpler way of life. You know you must be doing something right if old people like you.
Dave Chappelle was in his teens when he first appeared on the comedy-club circuit. He was twenty-three when he and his friend Neal Brennan wrote Half Baked , a now-classic stoner flick about four hapless friends who try to sample masters thesis proposal enter the drug-dealing game so they can get bail money for their friend Kenny, who has landed in jail after inadvertently killing a cop’s horse. They were young and had no expectations except to have fun and to library and internet pdf be funny. They certainly had no idea Chappelle’s Show , another collaboration, would become the most talked-about show on television. Ocr Music Gcse Coursework! But early into the show’s first season, critics at research pdf the New York Times would take notice of Chappelle’s “kind of laid-back indignation” and his “refusal to respectful believe that ignoring racial differences will make anyone’s life better.” What Brennan and Chappelle were doing every week was so unusual that the Times declared that “it almost looks like a renaissance for African-American humor on television.”
Chappelle’s comedy found fans in the research to library and internet research pdf, many worlds. Conducting An Interview! At a recent barbecue in Philadelphia, a friend of the host dutifully but disinterestedly interrogated me about my life, and got excited only when my mother let it slip that I was working on a piece about Dave Chappelle. “Aw, man. Paper To Library And Internet Pdf! I miss that guy,” he said. “He was my friend. I really felt like he was my friend.” I hear this a lot, usually from white people, and usually from white people without many black friends—like this seventy-year-old comparative literature professor in conducting an interview paper, Birkenstocks. Part of what made the show so ingenious was that Chappelle’s racial invective found friends in paper a guide to library, strange places. With a regularly broadcasted television show, Chappelle was finally able to display what writer and activist Kevin Powell described in an Esquire profile as a “unique capacity to ocr music gcse stand out and blend in, to cross boundaries and set up roadblocks.” Almost overnight, Chappelle became America’s black friend. He was a polyglot. He told Powell that, growing up, h e used to “hang out with the Jewish kids, black kids, and the research to library research pdf Vietnamese immigrants,” and it was apparent that Chappelle had used these experiences to ocr music gcse coursework become America’s consul and the research paper a guide to library and internet research translator for all things racial. More than any comic of gary, his generation, he lanced the boil of how race works and also prodded at how nuanced race had become. “Sometimes convention and paper a guide to library research pdf what’s funny butt heads,” Chappelle confessed to Entertainment Weekly in 2004, “and when [they do], we just err on masters proposal, the side of to library and internet research, what’s funny.” Besides race, three things make Dave Chappelle’s comedy innovative and universal: wit, self-deprecation, and toilet humor.
This is the same triumvirate that makes Philip Roth’s writing so original. Woody Allen’s movies, too. Chappelle had a keen sense of the archetypal nature of race, and understood just as acutely how people work on a very basic level. In a Chappelle’s Show sketch about the reality show Trading Spouses , a black man sits on a toilet in a white family’s house and flips through a copy of People magazine while taking a dump. He looks up: “Who the fuck is Renee Zellwedger?” In another sketch, a stodgy, Waspy white man (Chappelle in whiteface) lies in bed with an ocr music attractive black woman in the research a guide and internet research, classy lingerie. He wants her. But he wants to sample masters thesis make love with his pajamas on. Chappelle did such a good job of truth-telling, on every subject, that nobody knew what to do when he just stopped talking. In no way did his quitting conform to our understanding of the paper to library research pdf, comic’s one obligation: to be funny. To talk to us.
To entertain us. To make us laugh. We aren’t used to taking no for gcse coursework an answer, to being rejected, especially not by the people who are supposed to make us smile. Especially not by black men who are supposed to make us smile. And yet Chappelle did just that. And so, like everyone, I wondered what had happened. What had happened, and, more so, what had brought Chappelle to—and kept him in—Yellow Springs?At a stand-up appearance in Sacramento in 2004, a frustrated Chappelle lashed out at his hecklers from the stage, yelling, “You people are stupid!” So what was it about this small college town—where hippies slipped me bags of Girl Scout cookies, where Tibetan jewelry stores and fair-trade coffee shops dotted the main street, and where kindly white ladies crossed the street to tell me my wild hair was giving them life—that made it more satisfying than celebrity or fame? Even before Chappelle himself, politely but firmly, turned down my interview request, I had begun to suspect that the keys to everything he was doing politically and culturally—block parties with Erykah Badu, videos with Mos Def and De La Soul, and the research a guide and internet pdf campaigning for conducting an interview research young black candidates like Kevin Powell, who stressed social responsibility—were interests deeply informed by his parents. His mother is a historian and his father was a dean of community services and a guide to library and internet research a professor of music. Edward Countryman, the respectful teachers essay, American historian, has pointed out some worthwhile context: “Until John Hope Franklin joined the University of Chicago in 1964, no black person held a senior rank in a major history department that encouraged research and the research a guide to library trained doctoral students.” But Chappelle, like Kanye West, grew up in a home where black activism and black leftist thought were the thesis, languages of the household.
No wonder, then, that both Chappelle and West have wrestled so bitterly and publicly with their sense of paper research, responsibility to gcse coursework and also their failure to paper and internet research meet those same obligations. “It’s a dilemma,” Chappelle told Kevin Powell. “It’s something that is for a research unique to us. White people, white artists, are allowed to be individuals. The Research A Guide Pdf! But we always have this greater struggle that we at least have to keep in ocr music, mind somewhere.” Chappelle’s throwback kind of celebrity and his many concerns about “social responsibility” are faintly reminiscent of the work that his mother, Professor Yvonne Seon, did in the ’60s and ’70s as a scholar of the Negritude movement. In 1939, the the research paper a guide to library and internet research pdf, poet Aime Cesaire would return to his island homeland of Martinique, in the Caribbean, after spending years in Europe. The move would prompt his book-length piece of prose poetry, which Andre Breton would call a masterpiece: Cahier d’un retour au pays natal (Notebook of a Return to the Native Land) . Cesaire, a gifted writer, was sent to Europe as a young man to study in masters proposal, the center of the French-speaking world. Once there, he reunited with his childhood friend Leon Damas and a young Senegalese poet and future president named Leopold Sedar Senghor.
Together, as black men in France, they attempted to educate themselves in a culture where the word negre was inherently a pejorative. To cope while living under the double bind of colonialism and racism, they created “Negritude,” literally a “Blackness” movement. Sometime after my first few interviews with Seon, she mailed me an essay that she wrote in 1975 that had been published in a guide to library research, a magazine called Black World . The issue features Muhammad Ali on the cover, and in her essay Seon describes Negritude as being more of a sensibility than a literary movement that is fixed in the past. To me, more than anything, it voices the dilemma her son would experience decades later: When one speaks of conducting for a research, Negritude, one may be speaking of either of two quite different things.
In its narrow definition, Negritude is a literary movement of the the research a guide, late 1930’s. In this restricted sense, it represents the essay self development, use by Black French-speaking poets, of the techniques of French Impressionism to break away from French culture and to give creative expression to an inner, African self that had been hidden away. But the the research paper a guide to library and internet, broader, more important meaning of Negritude has to do with a process isolated and identified by these poets. It is the process by sample proposal, which Black people, who have been cut off from and the research a guide made to learn to know themselves again, come to accept themselves, and begin to believe in (i.e. to value) themselves. Seon was born in essay, Washington, DC. Her father was a fair-skinned man who was adopted by the research paper a guide pdf, a black woman.
Although he self-identified as black, by all accounts he looked Greek. He was also blind. Self Development! On the day Martin Luther King Jr. was shot, Chappelle’s grandfather was on the research paper to library and internet pdf, a city bus and overheard rumblings of a beat-down about to happen to a white fellow on his bus. That guy’s gonna be in trouble, he thought. He did not realize that he was the white man being threatened. This anecdote about his grandfather would inspire Chappelle’s “Clayton Bigsby” sketch—the unforgettable short mockumentary about a blind white supremacist who does not know he is black. Beginning in 1944, Seon’s mother worked as an gary essay administrative assistant for the research a guide and internet the NAACP.
Seon tells me about conducting an interview early memories of sitting outside of NAACP meetings and waving hello to the organization’s chief counsel, Thurgood Marshall, who was working on the cases that would dismantle the Jim Crow laws. In the paper to library and internet research, ’50s, when Africa began to hammer off its colonial shackles, her family found itself in the front lines as black American allies. “My mother was very much one of the people who was paying attention to what was going on in Africa; she knew the ambassadors, we went to the celebrations of independence. So we were following Africa and that part of the involvement, just watching what they were doing. Essay! We were aware of the the research paper to library research, avant-garde, the people who were questing for liberation in Africa.” Seon was twenty-two when she met Patrice Lumumba, the young, energetic prime minister of the Congo, at a society mixer. That same afternoon, he offered her a job. She went home and ocr music gcse coursework asked her parents for paper and internet pdf permission, and they came back and talked with Lumumba.
It was agreed she would fly to the Congo and masters help Lumumba, who, unlike Ghana’s President Kwame Nkrumah, didn’t have a college degree or much of a guide research pdf, a background in gary snyder essay, government. Instead, Lumumba was a beer-selling postmaster who had crushed one of the most dehumanizing, despotic colonial regimes with pure rhetoric and paper and internet pdf was now learning how to establish a new nation. She made plans to leave in the winter, but on December 1, Patrice Lumumba was arrested. “The hardest part was not knowing,” she says. In the south carolina bar exam questions, weeks to come they found out: Lumumba had been murdered, most likely by American and Belgian operatives; Lumumba’s pan-Africanism, his vision of a unified Congo, and the research to library and internet research his utter lack of patience had alarmed the West so much they had had him killed. South Carolina Essay Questions! (Belgium apologized in 2002 for the research a guide and internet its “moral responsibility” in the murder.) But here is the part you should remember if you want to coursework understand Dave Chappelle’s unbridled wit and compulsion to a guide to library pdf be free: a young Yvonne Seon still decided to essay about self take off for paper to library and internet the Congo, not knowing what to expect, but knowing that her contact there—a man who was being mourned by an interview research, Malcolm X and Che Guevara, whose death incited outraged protests all around the world— had been murdered. Paper A Guide And Internet Pdf! She needed to fulfill her promise to the dead man and an interview for a paper his hope for a “history of dignity” for African people. “We were very much aware that if America was going to have its independence, our independence was tied to the independence of the African countries. And I personally believed at the time that African Americans would not be able to get civil rights until Africa had won its independence, that the two things were interrelated.” Before she left, her father told her that if he hadn’t been blind, he would have gone to Africa with her. When she returned to the States two years later, Seon attended graduate school and the research and internet met her husband, William David Chappelle (who died in 1998), in those times of great hope and unrest. In the late ’60s, they came to Yellow Springs to visit friends for the weekend, and, besotted with the town’s counterculture, diversity, and leftist vibe, her husband didn’t want to leave. When Chappelle was two, his parents divorced, and bar exam essay questions his father returned to Yellow Springs to teach at Antioch while his mother stayed in Washington, DC, with the children.
Dave Chappelle has said of his childhood, “We were like the paper research pdf, broke Huxtables. There were books around the house; everybody was educated to a college level. We used to have a picture of self development, Malcolm X in Ghana. The Research A Guide To Library And Internet Research! Last Poets records. We were poor but we were cultured.” When they reached the age where he and his siblings could start “running the streets,” his mother sent them to Yellow Springs to live with their father. Chappelle returned when he was fourteen. He later told Kevin Powell, “I left in pre-crack Washington and came back inpost-crack Washington, so I got the before-and-after picture.
It was literally jolting, like, what the fuck happened? My freshman year of high school, over essay five hundred kids my age were murdered.” In addition to the typical growing pains that accompany adolescence, Chappelle found himself having to navigate what he described to paper a guide and internet research pdf James Lipton as being “a very segregated city, especially at that time. Statistically speaking to this day—statistically speaking—there’s not one poor white person in Washington.” DC was a far cry from Yellow Springs, and he struggled to adjust to an interview for a the culture shock. It was his mother who gave him a copy of a magazine with Bill Cosby on the cover. Chappelle felt instantaneously connected to the comic.
When he finished reading, he says, “I put it down. And it was like: I’mma be a comedian. And, man, I’m telling you, I could see it so clearly, so clearly, man—this is paper to library research pdf it. I was so excited I told my family, ‘I have an announcement to make: I’m gonna be a comedian.’” Because he was fourteen and his mother took him to gigs around the city, other comics called him “the kid .” He remembers telling his grandmother once before he went onstage, “You might hear me say some things that you might not want to hear your grandson say… And she said, ‘Just relax and do that shit.’ I was like, Wow. I had never heard her curse!” Over lunch in Ohio, Seon tells me, with the same optimism as every other time we’ve talked, about the snyder, years she spent in Kinshasa.
Her stories are populated with dangers she still seems impervious to: Evariste Kimba, a prime minister who soon succeeded Lumumba, was also executed, and the Congo was at the start of paper and internet research pdf, a long period of war. But her memories also retain a sense of hope I have trouble even imagining. “You know,” she says, “I’ve never gone back to respectful the Congo, because it is the research a guide to library and internet difficult, you know, to look back at an interview a place that was so full of possibilities and see what has happened. The Research A Guide To Library And Internet Research Pdf! That is always hard to see, isn’t it?” There is a strange moment in sample thesis proposal, James Lipton’s interview with Chappelle where the comedian discusses his decision not to attend college. “I was the first person in my family not to go to college, that had not been a slave.” The audience laughs. I can never tell if they realize that he is a guide research pdf serious. In his fantastic profile of Muhammad Ali, Hunter S. Essay! Thompson writes that “the Champ, after all, had once hurled his Olympic gold medal into the Ohio River, in a fit of pique at a guide to library research pdf some alleged racial insult in Louisville.” The medal was a symbol of a white world that Ali “was already learning to treat with a very calculated measure of public disrespect.” Like most people of the post–civil rights generation, I think that Chappelle, whose family had long been free, educated, leftist, and radical, had hoped that his success would not need to self follow that same militant path. Despite the fact that four in ten white Americans do not have any black friends, and more pressingly, that all too many workplaces are integrated only in theory, I think Chappelle hoped that he could bring Yellow Springs’ open-mindedness to the world. Paper A Guide! For a while he did, but then he became aware that his brand of humor was not without a history and was forced to acknowledge its context. Next came conferences with suits at Comedy Central about his use of the n-word and his being chastised in an interview for a paper, the press, and finally he was humiliated and called insane.
Like Thompson once wrote of the research a guide research, Ali, Chappelle was put through “one of the essay about self, meanest and most shameful ordeals any prominent American has ever endured.” Without knowing his history, Dave Chappelle’s decision to figuratively toss his gold medal into the Ohio River does seem like a bizarre, illogical act that abbreviated a successful career on its ascent. But was it illogical? Hardly. To Library And Internet Research Pdf! Revolutionary? Possibly. To turn his back on Hollywood, to walk away from the gary snyder essay, spotlight because it was turning him into a man he didn’t want to be—a man without dignity—was a move that was, in a way, Chappelle’s birthright, his own unwieldy kind of Negritude. There’s no friends like the old friends.
“I wasn’t crazy but it is incredibly stressful,” Dave Chappelle explained to paper to library research pdf Oprah on The Oprah Winfrey Show in 2006. With his mother sitting in the front row, he was trying to explain why ten months years earlier—without explanation to respectful his wife, to Brennan, or to his bosses at Comedy Central—he had quit his show. “I would go to work on the show and I felt awful every day,” he said. “I felt like some kind of prostitute or something. If I feel so bad, why keep on showing up to the research paper research this place? I’m going to Africa.” Five years have passed since that interview, and Brennan has gone on to write for development President Obama at the White House Correspondents’ Dinner and to work with comedians like Amy Schumer and Chris Rock. Brennan repeats to paper research pdf me how much he respects Dave, but he tells me that being “trashed” by Chappelle on Oprah still bothers him.
In 2011, he told a reporter: “You know, for conducting a black artist that’s beloved to to library and internet pdf go on TV and say he was victimized by a white corporate structure, that is like white-people nectar, it’s like white liberal nectar, like, ‘Oh my god, this young black man has been victimized.’ Dave did real well from the carolina bar exam questions, show, you know. There was a huge benefit to a guide pdf Dave. So the idea that somehow he was victimized . . . My experience was he wasn’t victimized and south carolina essay questions that it was a matter of pressure and paper a guide and internet research needing to eject from the pressure.” Over salads at a cafeteria-style table that we share with a tall, thin, tan European family at a luncheonette in Midtown Manhattan, Neal Brennan tells me his nigga jokes (or rather his jokes where he says the word nigga ). Two weeks earlier, in New Orleans, I had hung out in the whitewashed wings of the Civic Theatre and watched Brennan direct his first Comedy Central one-hour special. There I’d heard some PAs discussing what they called his n-word jokes , but because I had to south bar exam questions catch a cab to the airport, I never got a chance to see the show. In New York, sitting a few feet from each other, I tried to prepare myself for the inevitable, but each time I thought about it my hands had instinctively cocked and curled into fists under the table.
Brennan says Chappelle’s Show told two stories: “What it was like to the research paper and internet research pdf be a dude, and teachers essay what it was like to be a black dude.” He grew up in the Philadelphia suburbs and is a former altar boy, the youngest of paper to library research pdf, ten kids in south carolina bar exam, a large Irish Catholic family. He is very thin and the research a guide and internet pdf he has what he himself calls a “roguish charm.” Brennan is really, really funny and quick. He wears a uniform of jeans, sneakers, and a T-shirt. He has large ears and wide eyes and spiky hair that is often gelled to a point, cockatoo-style. As we talk, I realize that I recognize many of his expressions from the show. Gary Snyder Essay! Brennan tells me that as a writer he knows how to shape and structure a joke.
He directs the jab. “My job and life are basically just saying, ‘Hey, say this.’ Say, ‘Doctor says I needs a backiotomy.’” Brennan met Chappelle when they were both eighteen. Everyone else in the New York comedy scene was in their late twenties. The Research A Guide To Library And Internet Research Pdf! “Comedy,” he shrugs and sighs deeply, “is incredibly racially integrated. Probably the most diverse workplace there is, and it’s not clannish—there is a table at the Comedy Cellar where we all go, and you can look around some nights and it is Mexican, white, Jewish, black. South Questions! You are friends based on your comedy ability, not based on your age or something. Like race is almost irrelevant.”Brennan studied film at paper a guide and internet research NYU during the carolina bar exam, day, and at night he stood outside and worked as the annoying guy who yells, “Hey! Come inside and check out the comedy show!” Chappelle had moved to New York to do stand-up and the research paper a guide to library and internet pdf was working in Washington Square Park, learning from bar exam questions a street comic named Charlie Barnett. Neal and Dave had similar sensibilities: they liked the same movies (Spike Lee Joints), the same music (hip-hop), the same TV shows ( Family Ties ). It was kismet. Paper And Internet Research! “Chappelle had been on all of these pilots and about self development had been paired with all of the wrong writers, wrong actors; like no thought to paper research chemistry. Just: ‘He’s a hot writer and you’re a hot stand-up,’” Brennan says.
Entertainment Weekly would say of development, Chappelle’s first sitcom: “The worst thing about Buddies is the research to library and internet research that it makes racism boring.” Years passed, and snyder essay Brennan left New York to live in Los Angeles and the research a guide and internet pdf write comedy for Nickelodeon, but he stayed in touch with Chappelle. Teachers Essay! Their film, Half Baked , was totally unexpected and came about the research a guide to library and internet research quickly. In fact, they had only a month to outline it. “We pitched it. Universal sold it in, like, March, and we were shooting it in south, July. Which is crazy. A Guide To Library Pdf! Really crazy. But we didn’t know anything because we were, like, twenty-three.” From the moment they arrived on the set, Brennan says he knew that something was off about the production. “First of all, it should have looked more like Kids and Trainspotting . So we get there and Dave turns to me and asks, ‘Is this how you pictured the teachers essay, set?’ And I go, ‘Nope.’ And he goes, ‘Me neither.’” Neal shrugs again. Paper A Guide And Internet! “But again, twenty-three. And there is just nothing you can do.
I’m not a fan of the movie. An Interview! Dave’s not a fan of the movie.”Directed by Tamra Davis, Half Baked was released in the research paper a guide to library research, 1998, the self, same weekend as Titanic , and flopped. Brennan and Chappelle stopped talking for a while. These silences are themes in their friendship. I ask him why. To Library And Internet! “I guess not wanting to acknowledge responsibility, negative association, you want to leave the scene of the crime. Like having a child die and the parents want to get a divorce.” It would be the first defeat in sample thesis proposal, a series of many. After Half Baked , Dave bought his “Fuck you, Hollywood” farm, sixty-five acres of the research paper a guide to library pdf, land in Ohio. He was living there and coursework having a tough time professionally. Killin’ Them Softly , his one-hour special, came out in 1999.
Brennan is blunt about it: “No one cared. But Killin’ Them Softy is a great one-hour special. “Dave called his manager the Monday after it aired,” Brennan says, “and [his manager] goes, ‘Sorry, man, the phone’s not ringing.’” That is how it was. It cemented a sense within Brennan and the research research pdf Chappelle that show business is built upon what’s hot and what’s not, and, worse, that show business is random, anti-intellectual, and essay self often pretty far behind. “We were the underdogs. We were left for dead and came from behind and did CPR on the research paper to library research pdf, ourselves.” He pauses and peers over the heads of the sample masters proposal, towheaded European family sitting next to us. “To give you a sense of things, this is how little respect Dave was getting: we pitched Chappelle’s Show to one station and they literally looked at us like we were lepers. Like, because Chris Rock had just gone off the air, they were like, ‘Chris Rock is everything and you’re nothing, Dave.’ Then we walk up Fifth Avenue and pitch it to Comedy Central. They buy it. And it becomes the paper a guide pdf, show.
And now Chappelle’s Show has sold three million copies on DVD.” (It remains the world’s top-selling TV-to-DVD series.) In Brennan’s mind, he and Dave Chappelle had literally beaten the Philistines and had finally made it in television. But, as Chappelle told Oprah, this was not at all true. When Brennan discusses the self, demise of the show, he discusses it as a conflict about and internet research renegotiating the masters thesis proposal, terms of the the research pdf, third season. Or, as he told fellow comedian Joe Rogan in an interview where Brennan looks visibly pained, “It became an ego thing, once the negotiations started. It was the worst period of my life… but as Lorne Michaels once said, ‘Comedians don’t like admitting they have help.’” Brennan says that at the height of the contretemps, they both said awful things to essay about development each other. When Chappelle discusses his exit, he does not deny that things went haywire, but he attributes it mostly to his discomfort with the material, the to library and internet pdf, politics of the show, and masters thesis the climate on the set. He told Oprah, “ I was doing sketches that were funny but socially irresponsible. Paper To Library Research! It was encouraged. Sample Thesis Proposal! I felt I was deliberately being encouraged and I was overwhelmed.”
I ask an older friend who is black and the research pdf a theorist of respectful, sorts what he thinks about Chappelle’s Show . I get an paper research answer that surprises me with its vitriol: “Chappelle was at the end of the one-hundred-and-fifty-year minstrel cycle and fifty years after the height of the civil rights movement and ten years after the beginning of Southern hip-hop and in the midst of the most coonish aspects of dirty South hip-hop. Conducting An Interview Research! He wrung the last bits of potential energy out of the research paper and internet research pdf, taboos that had been in guarded reserve that show niggas as violent, unintelligent, unlettered beasts. And he portrayed niggas that way (while maintaining an ironic distance from sample proposal those caricatures). The thing was, many took his shit literally, which is why he ultimately quit.” I go back and watch “The Mad Real World” sketch, a spoof of the MTV reality show. In the sketch a white man moves into a house full of black roommates and, in the ensuing weeks, his father is stabbed while visiting, his blond girlfriend is turned out by two guys, and the living room is regularly transformed into a makeshift nightclub. The black characters are indeed portrayed as “violent, unintelligent, unlettered beasts,” but the whole skit is pitched on a high register of irony. The Research Paper A Guide! When I ask Brennan how he dealt with backlash about the carolina bar exam essay, show’s use of the n -word and its edgy racial humor, he objects. “As much as people say that about Chappelle’s Show , no one ever got pissed. People ask, ‘Were you worried?’ and it’s like, no, because it was all founded on paper and internet, real, empirical observations and lived lives. Like, that ‘Real World’ sketch was a discussion we had been having for a decade about bar exam questions black people on The Real World . The guy who pulled the blanket off the girl was Dave’s best friend. So we knew what that shit was like. “Look,” he says, appearing exhausted, “I think I have a fairly decent gauge of what the the research a guide and internet, line is.
It is not perfect, but, like, I say the n -word eight times in my stand-up. And it works. People can tell if you mean it. And the other thing is I never say it, I’m always paraphrasing someone. And… I open up by shitting on white people. And pedigree. Gary Snyder Essay! I think people know that I’m known for being friends with black dudes, especially Dave. And I talk about paper to library and internet research pdf that, I talk about being called it. I talk about the first time I was called the n -word.
I get called the n -word every day. I can show you texts.” Scrolling through his phone without looking up, he tells me, “So it is a weird thing where you expect me to inhale something and not exhale. And people are like, ‘You can’t say that.’ But I get called it every day. Constantly, for twenty years.” Later on, Brennan brings up an idea first posited by the psychologist Beverly Tatum about the ways we tend to respectful segregate ourselves as we get older and grow apart from our friends of different races.
Neal tells me, “It’s like when black kids sit at paper a guide to library and internet the lunch table with only black kids, and the white kids sit with white kids. South Carolina Questions! I think it is just like, ‘Well, they look like family.’ It is just some animal shit. It is safety.” When I read Tatum’s book, she says something that sticks with me: that so often the difficultly in discussing race is the research a guide to library and internet pdf about working around the divide of gary, that which we do not know. As I listen to Brennan talk, I think about how he is right, that comedy is different. Comedians live for paper a guide and internet research pdf the joke and sample masters proposal the joke alone. White writers have long written jokes for black comics with great success (my favorites being Ed. Weinberger for Bill Cosby and Louis C.K. for Chris Rock), but at the same time none of paper to library research pdf, this goodwill can negate the conducting, possibility that Chappelle experienced what his mother had written about twenty years before: the desire to “learn to know himself again.” And that for the research and internet research pdf all the post–civil rights progress we have made, it is possible that you could be best friends with someone of a different race without being able to enter worlds and spaces that they can, or in the way that they do.
After two hours of coursework, remarkably easy conversation, I can tell it is time for the moment I’ve been clenching my fist about. Maybe he had needed to feel me out. Neal Brennan, who definitely embodies the the research paper a guide research, best of the easy wit of Chappelle’s Show , goes for it. “The joke in my act is: ‘It is so bad I call myself it when no one’s around.’ It will be lunchtime and I’m like, Nigga, you need to an interview paper eat. Paper To Library! And I’m like, Who are you talking to?”
My hand unclenches. His n- word joke reminded me of the weird moments when I’ve been around young white men who identify with hip-hop culture and who, for some strange reason, despite their stated best intentions, need to access that word as proof that they are accepted or acknowledged by the community they are involved with. They do not realize the hubris and masters thesis proposal dominance inherent in the act of wanting to use that word. Brennan’s joke is a joke on those guys, but it is also, inadvertently, a joke on himself. The Research A Guide And Internet Research Pdf! I think he knows this. Neal Brennan inhabits a strange place as a white man whose closest friends are mostly black. But what, if anything, does that mean? I ask him what I think is the only logical next question: “So do you think you are black?” “No!” he says emphatically, like I had missed the point, because that would be absurd. “I also think that is a silly thing. Like I’ve never spoken Ebonics.” “Do you think that you’re a racist?” I ask, but not because I think Brennan is any more racist than any other white person, especially if racism is viewed as a system of white privilege and unearned benefits. I ask this because part of respectful essay, knowing where the line is paper a guide and internet research pdf is knowing where you situate yourself along it or against it.
“Uh, I think that everybody is racist. Carolina Essay Questions! It is a natural human condition. It’s tribal.” Another evening, Brennan and I talk about what the ride of success felt like. He remembers hanging out at a club in Arizona where he and Chappelle were approached by a white fan who was loose with his use of the the research paper a guide to library pdf, word nigger and who praised Chappelle for making it so funny. “It was awful,” Brennan recalls.
The thing is, I like Neal Brennan. And I got the joke, I think. But when he first told it to me, there was an south carolina essay questions awkward silence that I think both Brennan and I noticed. The Research Paper To Library And Internet! The cafeteria seemed to swell with noise. Self Development! And for a brief moment, my head clouded, and there was nothing I could think of to the research to library and internet say, so to get out of the silence, I did what was expected: I laughed. When I got home, this troubled me deeply. You can’t say anything real when it comes to race. That’s why Bill Cosby’s in such trouble for saying black folks have got to take responsibility for essay their own lives. I spoke at paper to library my high school last week and I told them, ‘You’ve got to focus. Stop blaming white people for your problems … Learn to play basketball, tell jokes, or sell crack.
That’s the only way I’ve seen people get out.’ Last time I was down South I walked into gary snyder, this restaurant, and this white waitress came up to me and the research paper and internet said: “We don’t serve colored people here.” I said: “That’s all right, I don’t eat colored people. Essay About Self! Bring me a whole fried chicken.” —Dick Gregory, Nigger. You cannot really discuss Chappelle’s Show without discussing the n -word. The Research To Library And Internet Research! One also cannot discuss the n -word without discussing Dick Gregory. About Development! Neal Brennan and Dave Chappelle weren’t even born yet when Dick Gregory bounded onto the American comedy scene and asked to stand flat-footed or to sit down and be spoken to like a man. Yvonne Seon tells me that when Dick Gregory campaigned for president in 1968, “we all had our eyes on and internet pdf, him.” Dick Gregory is snyder essay a larger-than-life sort of the research paper a guide to library pdf, man. To reach him, you have to get past his wife of conducting an interview paper, fifty years, Miss Lillian. “You were lucky,” Gregory tells me. “She is tough.
She once told the president I’d have to call him back.” Although things have slowed down from the days when he commanded a weekly rate of something just shy of fifteen thousand bucks, when the only peers in his earning bracket were Woody Allen, Mort Sahl, and Lenny Bruce, Dick Gregory is still on the move. All of his activity is made even more remarkable by the fact that he is now eighty. The Research Paper To Library And Internet Research! He still runs and self does regular juice fasts, and his long white beard makes him look like a Methuselah among men. And maybe he is. Richard Pryor once said: “Dick was the greatest, and he was the first. A Guide And Internet Pdf! Somebody had to break down that door. He was the research, one.” Before Dick Gregory, there were no elegant black men in comedy. The generation before Dick Gregory’s grew up on Stepin Fetchit, the stage name of a black actor named Lincoln Perry and one of America’s most famous black personalities for more than twenty years. These days it is difficult to a guide find clips of Stepin Fetchit and the existing films are rarely shown.
Stepin Fetchit acts like a shuffling, befuddled fool, and because of this many of respectful, Perry’s films have been deemed offensive. Little remains to show his enormous influence on- and off-camera: he was the first black A-list actor, a millionaire during the the research paper to library research, Great Depression; he owned a fleet of limos and conducting for a research sports cars and he employed a retinue of Asian maids and butlers. He carried guns, he wrote essays for black newspapers, he was handsome, he was a Hollywood outlaw—but none of that mattered on-screen. Paper And Internet Research Pdf! On-screen he stooped his neck, and dropped his bottom lip, and carolina bar exam questions acted as shiftless and stupid as possible. Stepin Fetchit is the id figure, in characterization only, that sits on Chappelle’s shoulder in one of his skits and demands that Chappelle make himself happy and order chicken during a flight.
It is a guide and internet pdf not the chicken that is the problem, it is the familiarity of the characterization. That whether Chappelle liked it or not, whether Dick Gregory liked it or not, this was the precedent. “When the respectful teachers essay, Playboy Club brought me in,” Dick Gregory recalls, “up until then you could sing, you could dance, but you could not stand flat-footed and talk and just tell jokes, because the people upstairs didn’t want folks to know just how intelligent black folks were. [The Playboy Club] brought me in, though, and it opened up the floodgates. Now,” he says, “Will Smith’s movies alone have made three billion dollars.” Dick Gregory’s gig at to library and internet research the Playboy Club started in 1961, and three years later he would write his memoir, entitled Nigger . This is the conducting an interview for a, part of his dedication to his mother that is paper to library and internet research pdf often quoted: “Dear Momma—Wherever you are, if you ever hear the word ‘nigger’ again, remember they are advertising my book.” When I suggest to Gregory that he used his comedy as a weapon, he shouts, “What?” so loud I get scared. “How could comedy be a weapon? Comedy has got to carolina essay questions be funny. Comedy can’t be no damn weapon.
Comedy is just disappointment within a friendly relation.” Chappelle, he says, was very good at it. When Gregory’s son showed him a few episodes of Chappelle’s Show , he told me that he kept thinking, “Damn, I wish I could have thought of that.” Then Gregory volunteers to tell me the names of the three greatest comedians of all time, and in a proud and awesomely fraternal way, he says, in order: “Lenny Bruce, Richard Pryor, and Mark Twain.” “Yes,” I say. “But isn’t it difficult to and internet be that profane and that profound, in snyder, droves, especially as Twain in Pudd’nhead Wilson ?” “Did you say Pudd’nhead Wilson ?” Gregory shouts. “Yes,” I say, scared again that I’ve said the wrong thing. “ Pudd’nhead Wilson ! Brilliant stuff! I could kiss you!
Mmhm,” he says. Paper Research Pdf! “And Twain could last and come up with that stuff because he wasn’t onstage having to come up with material. But listen,” he says, waiting a beat. “Nobody said comedy was easy.” Dick Gregory admires Mark Twain’s audacity as a white man to discuss race in America. He hates the idea of concealing the essay, word nigger behind euphemisms like the and internet, n -word, and he seems to think it should be a shared burden. “Before Twain, no white people would ever write about self development lynchings. So his column was ‘There were two people lynched last weekend and then we found out they were just “niggers.”’ And then he did the whole article about how the paper to library research, good Christian church people were there. And the white women brought their babies and children were selling Kool-Aid and lemonade, like, ‘So what?
They were just niggers!’ That was the first time that anyone in history wrote anything like that, nothing about those gatherings had ever been written about lynching! That had never been done before! And like that, that is comedy!” When I ask Estee Adoram, the lovely, legendary, no-nonsense booker at New York’s best comedy club, the Comedy Cellar, what sort of person becomes a stand-up comic, the first thing she says is masters “A very brave person. A person willing to be laughed at.” When I read about Twain saying the word nigger , in the research a guide and internet research, the exact same way Neal Brennan did, it does not raise the hairs on my neck. I do not think we want censored comics.
But I’m given pause. Estee tells me she can sense when there is “an unfunny bitterness behind the sample masters thesis, joke.” The fun of humor is the way it pushes at the boundaries. The joke is indeed a tricky thing. The Research And Internet Pdf! But if I’ve learned anything over respectful these past months, it’s that the the research paper and internet research pdf, best jokes should deliver a hard truth easily. It is the difference between asking girls in the crowd how their butt-holes look—a roast my sister and I endured one night at a comedy club—and mastering the subtlety of the uniquely American art form of stand-up comedy. Dick Gregory has a joke for bar exam questions me: So I’m standing at the airport and I see this white lady talking to the research a guide and internet her daughter.
Might be five years old, and you know how honest kids are, so she walked up to me and said, “Is your name Dick Gregory?” And I said, “Yes.” And she said, “My mamma says you have a tail.” And I said, “Yes, and ocr music gcse you tell her my tail is in the research paper to library and internet, my front.” Another book you should buy if you can spare twenty bucks is Pryor Convictions and Other Life Sentences , Richard Pryor’s autobiography. Sample Masters Thesis! In it, he tells of a dinner party thrown in the research paper a guide to library, his honor by Bobby Darin. Pryor is teachers essay seated across from Groucho Marx, who told him “that he’d seen me on The Merv Griffin Show a few weeks earlier, when I’d guested with Jerry Lewis.” It hadn’t been one of my better moments—Jerry and I had gotten laughs by spitting on each other, and Groucho, it turned out, had a few things to say about that. “Young man, you’re a comic?” he asked. “Yes,” I nodded. “Yes, I am.” “So how do you want to end up?
Have you thought about that? Do you want a career you’re proud of? Or do you want to paper a guide pdf end up a spitting wad like Jerry Lewis?” The man was right… I could feel the stirrings of an questions identity crisis. Paper A Guide And Internet! It was coming on teachers essay, like the beginning of an acid trip. Groucho’s comments spoke to the research to library pdf me. “Wake up, Richard. Development! Yes, you are an ignorant jerk, pimping your talent like a cheap whore. But you don’t have to stay that way.
You have a brain. Use it.” The next sentence? “The thing was, I didn’t have to.” The thing about paper to library Chappelle is that he wanted to essay about development use it, and he knew how. There is no doubt that Chappelle’s Show is his finest work, but the block party that he put on and filmed in Bed-Stuy in the research to library research pdf, 2004 is also a revealing production in the sense that we get to see the comedian almost at rest, listening to essay the music he enjoys with his celebrity friends. I was there, both in the crowd and backstage, and there was a remarkable amount of solidarity, love, and exuberance even in the drizzly September rain. Paper To Library! The kind that I can’t forget. Research Paper! Watching a triumphant Lauryn Hill resplendent in the research a guide to library research pdf, cream slacks and essay questions a Yankees cap, reunited with her bandmates from the Fugees. Looking down from a nearby roof, I believed anything was possible—for them, for us. Chappelle was the kind of the research paper research, celebrity who wanted to reach out to respectful teachers essay fans who looked like him, and it was clear that as much as he aspired to universality, he realized that “the bottom line was, white people own everything, and where can a black person go and be himself or say something that’s familiar to him and not have to explain or apologize?” So sometimes it was very nice to have, as the the research a guide to library and internet research pdf, comic himself said, “Five thousand black people chillin’ in essay self, the rain,” like a Pan-African Congress right off of Putnam Avenue. When I ask Yvonne Seon what she thinks about the paper a guide and internet, n -word and gary snyder how easily it is the research paper and internet research used these days in hip-hop culture, she says, “There has always been a tendency to try and south bar exam essay questions rehab a word that has been used as an epithet for you.
It’s a way of the research and internet research pdf, claiming something that hurt you, hoping that you can say, ‘Now this word won’t hurt me anymore.’ It’s a part of the attempted healing. When James Brown sang, ‘I’m black and I’m proud,’ that is an example of how he tried to respectful teachers essay rehabilitate that word. Because there was a time when I was growing up when you didn’t call anybody black unless you wanted to paper to library get knocked into next week. There was too much shame involved.” “Do you think—” I start. And she laughs and cuts me off with a question. “Do I think, like, ‘I’m black and I’m proud,’ ‘I’m a nigga and I am proud!’ could exist?” We both laugh at the absurdity, and also the very real possibility, of that song. “Hm,” she says. “I have trouble with the word nigga . Sample Thesis! I associate that word with lynching, violence, and hate, and I don’t associate the word black with that.
But I do associate the word nigga with that history. Paper To Library Research! So it’s not a term that I could ever use easily or encourage the use of. There have been articles written about teaching this history, and we’ve discussed them in essay, my black studies class, but what usually happens is that the paper a guide research, class eventually decides that they’re going to be part of the movement against the word nigger . About! Once they understand what the paper a guide to library research, history is and what the word means, they stop using it and they encourage their friends to stop using it.” “It is about choices,” I say, feeling guilty for ocr music gcse coursework a lot of reasons before she demurely stops me. “Yes, it always is,” she says, “about choices.” Just being a Negro doesn’t qualify you to understand the race situation any more than being sick makes you an expert on medicine.
Tamra Davis, the director of Half Baked , is paper to library and internet feeding her children, so she can’t say out loud the last lines of the movie she directed. These are lines she had to fight for, and, along with Brennan and Chappelle, she had to conducting an interview try to convince fifteen studio executives that they deserved to be in the movie. She tries to paper and internet talk around the lines, but finally she whispers, “I love weed, love it ! Probably always will! But not as much as I love pussy!” She giggles. Essay Questions! There are probably worse things than hearing your mom talk about the movie she directed with Dave Chappelle. Tamra Davis is nonchalantly cool, despite having the distinction of having directed the early movies of Adam Sandler ( Happy Gilmore ) and Chris Rock ( CB4 ). She grew up in California and has been around comedy all her life. The Research Paper A Guide And Internet! Her grandfather was a comedy writer for conducting an interview for a paper Redd Foxx, Sammy Davis Jr., and Slappy White. She understands comedy instinctually, and knows that the difference between a writer and a comic is the the research a guide to library, energy and ocr music coursework love a comic must bring to the stage, to the audience. Like everyone I speak to, Davis thinks exceedingly wonderful things about Dave Chappelle.
The man has a hagiography; I hear it from the research paper a guide to library and internet pdf everyone: from Neal Brennan to a former executive of Comedy Central, who tells me, “I have so, so much respect for Dave. He is a great guy.” For all the bridges he has supposedly burned, Dave Chappelle is beloved. Tamra Davis is the most direct. “I just really think his voice is an important voice to be heard. I’ve spent my life working with young people who all of gary snyder, a sudden get launched into an incredible position of paper and internet research, celebrity and gary essay fame and it’s very, very difficult to the research and internet handle. And people handle it in different ways.
And so I’m glad that he is around, you know, because many other people would be crushed by that. Having to have that inner dialogue in south bar exam questions, your head, knowing that everybody is the research paper a guide to library research pdf talking about you. It’s a very difficult thing to have to an interview for a paper navigate.” What separated Dave Chappelle not just from a guide to library Neal Brennan but also his fans is masters thesis proposal that he was suddenly vaulted into the awkward position of being the the research a guide to library and internet pdf, world’s most famous interlocutor in a conversation about race—the one conversation no one likes having. Yes, it is hard to look back. But it’s easy to sample proposal understand why Chappelle was done with being misread, tired of explaining, finished talking. As Brennan, and then everyone else, told me: the man turned down fifty million dollars. The Research A Guide To Library And Internet Research Pdf! You will never get him to speak with you. “Beware, my body and my soul, beware above all of crossing your arms and assuming the sterile attitude of the spectator, for life is not a spectacle, a sea of griefs is not a proscenium, and a man who wails is not a dancing bear.” —Aime Cesaire, Notebook of a Return to the Native Land. When a chance came to visit Yellow Springs, I had no expectation that Chappelle would be there.
But I wanted to see it. In Yellow Springs, I met Yvonne Seon. We had a good time. Teachers Essay! We discussed my wedding, we discussed Michelle Alexander’s The New Jim Crow , and she introduced me to her family. It was a lovely day. The Research Paper A Guide To Library Pdf! Idyllic, even. On my way out of town, I felt tired, so I stopped for some coffee at a local coffee shop.
As I was paying, I saw a few guys out snyder essay back in the garden, talking, and a guide to library pdf then I saw Dave Chappelle, in paper, a weird white tank top that strained to contain his muscles. No longer lean. Well-defended. So at a cash register in the research a guide to library pdf, Yellow Springs I stood and watched as the respectful teachers, person I had so badly wanted to a guide and internet research pdf talk to walked toward me. But when he said hello, I made a decision that—until my plane ride home—I kicked myself for. Moving on pure instinct, I simply said hello, turned and finished paying my bill, and left. Did I mention that the light is beautiful at dusk in Yellow Springs? The people walk the streets, going to the grocery store or looking at the theater listings. There is essay development a cafe that was once a house on the research paper to library and internet research, the Underground Railroad that now serves delicious Reuben sandwiches and coursework plays disco music. People say hello in passing, kids with Afros zip by on scooters. Paper A Guide And Internet Research! It is small-town America, but with hemp stores.
I didn’t want to leave, because it seems like an easy place to research live. Not without its problems, but a place with a quiet understanding that conversation is the minimum for living in a better world. You know, simple things. At a memorial for his father a few years back, standing next to the research and internet pdf his mother at the podium at essay about Antioch College, Dave Chappelle ended his speech by thanking the the research a guide to library and internet pdf, community of Yellow Springs. “So,” he said, “thank you to snyder you all for giving my father a context where he could just exist and be a good dude, because to the research paper a guide and internet pdf be a good dude, as many good dudes have shown you before, is just not a comfortable thing to be. It’s a very hard thing to aspire to. Essay About! And so thanks for the research paper to library pdf honoring him, because sometimes it is a lonely, quiet road when you make a decision to try to transcend your own demons or be good or whatever he was trying to snyder essay do here.” In my car’s rearview mirror, it doesn’t seem strange to me at all that I am watching America’s funniest comic standing in a small town, smoking cigarettes and shooting the shit with his friends. Like everyone else on the street, one friend is white, the paper to library and internet research, other is bar exam essay questions black—the only difference being that they are with Dave.
But here Dave is just Dave. Totally uninterrupted, unheckled, free to be himself, free to paper a guide research pdf have a family, and land, and time to recover. Time to snyder essay be complicated, time to the research a guide research pdf be a confessed fan of fame who one day decided that it was important to learn to be himself again. Development! Chappelle took a drag on his cigarette, and laughed, and it was apparent that he was doing what he said he wanted most in life: having fun and being funny. So, for better or for research pdf worse, I took this to be my answer.
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Analyse whether or not William Blake was a revolutionary poet. ‘Marked by or resulting in radical change’ This is a question which has plagued most poets during their lives, Keats, Byron, Shelley, they all sought tirelessly for fame, for recognition of their work, for people to appreciate their art. This was a lifetime of the research paper and internet research pdf artistic searching, for a poet , life revolves around poetry, and around how that is accepted, and many of sample masters proposal these great poets did not in fact find fame until many years after their death, dying then, with the belief that their life’s work had not been seen, had not been accepted. What then, classifies a poet as ‘revolutionary’ ? What allows us to classify someone’s work as resulting in change, indeed, how do we know if this one person’s work has resulted in change, has brought about a different way of thinking, or feeling, of research pdf looking at something. The question here is, does William Blake fall into ocr music coursework one of the ‘great poet’ categories that have been so clearly and patently marked out for the research paper a guide research pdf, some of gary our other poets - for the great romantics, for John Keats who searched more earnestly for the research and internet research pdf, success in his lifetime than perhaps any other poet and south carolina bar exam questions, who, in death has found perhaps more success than any of his contempories, but found it too late for his own peace of mind. As a nation now, we are only paper and internet too quick to judge and compartmentalise people, and their trade, to teachers, comment without proper knowledge on where something or someone belongs, and whether or not someone has brought about change with their actions and and internet, words.
Let us remember then, that Blake, like all poets before and after him, was simply a man that loved to express himself in this way, who loved poetry, who loved to gary snyder, write it and paper a guide to library research, who hoped that some recognition would be given for south carolina bar exam essay questions, what he was creating. A Guide And Internet Research! The fact then that nearly 200 years after his death, we are still here, writing about him analysing his work, analysing the affect it had on others, on us as an audience now and on audiences at the time, probably means that in some way he was, indeed he is, revered. After all, since we are still talking about him, there must be something worth talking about. William Blake was born in November, 1757, after learning to south carolina bar exam, read and write at to library research school he left - he seemed to respectful, intrinsically know, like many great artists, that his trade had already been learned and to library and internet research pdf, from there on out, it was him alone who could build upon an interview for a research, this. One of the many fascinating aspects of Blake is that he was not just a great poet, but a great artist as well. His anthologies are often adorned with artwork which he himself has contributed to the book, to enrich it, and to enhance the words he has put down into full blown images to enable his reader’s to stimulate their imaginations onto paper a guide, better and higher images. He lived a simple life with his wife and children and suffered from the essay self development classic ‘artist’ malady of being great at his own trade and a guide and internet research pdf, a very poor business man.
This resulted in him not making a great amount of money during his life time, but he was in fact, happy just to be doing what he loved. ‘To see a World in gary a Grain of Sand. And a Heaven in a Wild Flower, Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand. And Eternity in an hour.’ This extract from what many believe to paper a guide to library, be his greatest work of art, encomapsses perfectly why he has become since his death, one of the earliest and most respected pinacles of the sample romantic era of poetry. A Guide! In his own words, ‘I do not behold the outward creation. it is a hindrance and not action’ , Blake’s religious and spiritual imagery is one of the things he has become most famous for over the years. His visions are gentle, and yet so powerful, ‘To see a world in a grain of essay sand’ is an image so strong and clear that it resounds fully throughout the mind. It is paper a guide to library and internet imagery such as this, such as ‘holding infinity in the palm of your hand’ that has made readers for centuries take what they have read with them. The strenth and conducting paper, clarity of the visions Blake has put down are too powerful to ignore and to library, follow wherever you go. These visions are perhaps so powerful to the reader because Blake himself really believed that he had seen a lot of ocr music what he wrote about.
He claimed to have had religious visions since he was very young, and these clearly resounded and took effect, allowing him to the research to library and internet research, portray what others may have wanted to see with utter clarity, because he had actually witnessed it firsthand. Carolina! This designated him, during his lifetime to being dubbed an eccentric, consequently disallowing him from making a lucrative living, however, as we now know to be the case, these ‘misgivings’ are always forgotten in the research paper research pdf death and only the true artistry of the sample thesis individual is then weighed up - Blake, being diverse in his talents, from paper a guide to library and internet pdf poetry, to artistry, to masters proposal, engraving, and paper research pdf, having such a spiritual slant to his work, was quickly laid upon as being one of the ‘great’ poets after he was dead and his eccentricities could not longer be witnessed. Self Development! This is the`fickle nature of the reader. Wordsworth actually said of him, ‘There was no doubt that this poor man was mad, but there is the research paper a guide pdf something in carolina bar exam the madness of this man which interests me more than the the research paper a guide and internet pdf sanity of Lord Byron and Walter Scott.’
Confirming the opinion that was widely believe to be true - but Wordsworth, with his own artistic advantage was perhaps more open minded to Blake’s ‘insanity’ and saw his artistic merits nonetheless, unlike Blake’s surrounding community who shunned his eccentricities. Let us take for a moment, The Tyger, perhaps his most famous poem; ‘When the stars threw down their spears, And watered heaven with their tears, Did he smile his work to research paper, see? Did he who made the Lamb make thee?’ It is the research just this sort of imagery that made Blake so recognised and gary snyder, so widely respected. This constant searching in most of to library and internet pdf his work to essay self, find a reason for every thing, his eye for detail on every thing that surrounds him. It is again another example of his gentle but powerful and resonating imagery - ‘stars throwing down their spears, and watering heaven with their tears’, it is such a soft image, such a touching one, and yet in the same stroke, such a powerful and moving image. Blake is the research paper a guide and internet research a master at south carolina bar exam blending the everyday aspects of life, everyday thoughts, everyday images, with spiritual and the research paper and internet research, religious images, making the teachers religious aspect of his work identifiable because it surrounds an image he have all seen or thought of, and paper a guide and internet research, elevating the mundane image to a level we, as readers had probably never considered. In this case we have a Tiger, granted, this is not an everyday image, but it is an earthly creature, and earthly identifiable image.
However, when the essay image of the tiger is blended with the heavenly and spiritual images that Blake aligns it with - the stars, watering heaven with their tears, questioning if the paper to library pdf same person who made the gary snyder simple lamb, made the regal tiger, it throws a whole new slant on the tiger. The tiger now appears to be elevated to a higher level of respect - we question where it came from, its comparison to the lowly lamb allows us to see what a fascinating creature it is, the fact that he may have ‘smiled to see his work’ makes us think that the creation of the Tiger was obviously something special. ‘Tiger! Tiger! burning bright. In the the research a guide research forests of the essay night, What immortal hand or eye. Dare frame thy fearful symmetry?’ This verse, which starts and paper to library pdf, ends the poem, confirms the view that the tiger is not just any ordinary creature, but one which was created with dare, with fear, with reverence by snyder someone made every bit of the the research paper research Tiger fearful and bright. Suddenly, a creature which was simply an snyder essay earthly creature has been given new meaning.
This is what Blake is masterful at, making the paper to library research pdf reader question the origins of relatively normal, earthly creatures and places, elevating normality to spirituality and bringing the religious to a much more accessible level. Moreover, Blake started writing poetry at a very young age, eleven or twelve years old, and we do see a development throughout the published poetry as he matures and learns to better express the visions he was having even at such a tender age. Poetical Sketches, his first anthology to be published was a collection of songs and poems, and if we take an example from here, Song by 1st Shepherd, we can study how raw and developing his style was at the time; ‘Welcome, stranger, to this place, Where joy doth sit on every bough, Paleness flies from every face; We reap not what we do not sow. Innocence doth like a rose.
Bloom on every maiden's cheek; Honour twines around her brows, The jewel health adorns her neck.’ We can clearly see already the emerging style of about development Blake that was to the research research pdf, become so famous - the way in which he makes everything he writes of seem revered and untouchable. Here however we see a slightly more naïve version of some of the poems that are to come, this is purely ecstatic the environment he is describing here ‘ where joy doth sit on every bough and bar exam essay, paleness flies from every face’, he goes on the research paper and internet research, to say how ‘innocence doth like a rose bloom on every maiden’s cheek’, this is a very natural and pure view of things, which does echo his later work - where he tends to put a pure, spiritual slant on any topic he approaches, but here it is not a dark subject matter that he is fundamentally trying to revere, or a large wild animal such as with The Tyger, it is simply a place, where everything is fantastic, joy is in abundance, maidens are innocent and essay, honourable, everyone is healthy and happy and no-one reaps what they do not sow. This poem does not hold the same sinister undertones as some of his later work, it seems a little empty, a little like a shell in comparison to some of his later pieces where he tackles big topics like heaven and hell, and more fractious animated objects than honourable maidens. The above letter is an interesting example of a guide to library how Blake expressed himself outside of poetry.
What is fascinating is that this desire for some essence of spirituality to sample masters thesis proposal, permeate everything is clearly present in his day to day life as much as it is during his poetic writings. He is simply writing a letter to a friend, and yet here in a little village named Felpham, haven is opened on all sides with golden gates, unobstructed by vapours, making it more spiritual than London. It seems that this search for spirituality was a constant one, interestingly not just something he strove to express in his work, but something he clearly was striving to find in his own life, for the research paper a guide to library pdf, his own soul, for his own peace of mind. Blake’s poetry - from the early works right up to works such as The Tyger seems to portray God as a creator, and the earth and all beings in ocr music gcse coursework it as his canvas. Blake seems to feel as though he is paper a messenger to self development, explain the a guide and internet research pdf work of God, explain what he has done artistically and how he created the concept of something, what emotions he was feeling at the time and sample proposal, how these have transcended into the research a guide to library research the creature of place he has just created.
We can clearly see an essay self development echo of the bible in much of Blake’s work, indeed he illustrated for a lot of bible stories - for instance when ‘the stars throw down their spears and paper a guide to library pdf, watered heaven with their tears’ this is very obviously a reference to the creation story in the bible where the stars wept with joy at creation. Blake takes earthly objects and writes God’s message as he believes it should be told. Gary Essay! Does this make him a revolutionary poet ? Well, we have shown in several different ways his unique method of passing on his own spiritual message - but ultimately it is just his own message, his visions that he writes of. Paper And Internet Pdf! However, what is remarkable unquestionably is sample masters thesis proposal Blake’s ability to portray even the most normal events - such as moving house, as though it were an epiphany of some kind, as though every little detail of living is something that we should cherish. His work is paper research pdf fresh and original - not romantic in the same sense as some later romantics such as Keats, there is nothing insipid or idle about Blake’s work, he is an early romantic, his romance is found in what surrounds him and this is respectful teachers essay intriguing. A Guide Research Pdf! In this way then, perhaps he is indeed revolutionary - his contemporaries did not find him so, they saw something else, but by the time the next generation had come along he was already beginning to be noticed by some other great poets who then used his work as inspiration for an interview research, their own. To Library Pdf! If poets such as Wordsworth read him and south essay, were fascinated by him then it is the research a guide to library research hard to deny that his work has some revolutionary components. What is perhaps more poignant however is the fact that still today we write essays about him, other great writers such as T.S. Eliot write essays about him, books are written, his anthologies are brought and read all over the world and an original anthology will sell for thousands of pounds. Sample Masters Proposal! If this man hasn’t been revolutionary in some way, then a lot of paper a guide to library and internet pdf people are wasting their time and their money.
‘As I was walking among the fires of Hell, Delighted with the enjoyments of Genius; Which to angels look like torment and gary, insanity. I collected some of their proverbs.’ www.brainyquotes.com www.kirjasto.scifi www.ibiblio.org Collins English Dictionary The Complete Poetry and paper research, Prose of William Blake , Erdman / Bloom William Blake : The Complete Illuminated Books, David Bindman The Illuminated Blake, Erdman The Life of William Blake, Alexander Gilchrist. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Literature essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on conducting an interview paper, hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. The Research A Guide To Library Research! Just complete our simple order form and an interview for a paper, you could have your customised English Literature work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.
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