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Build Your Personal SEO: The 25 Best Keywords for dissenting essay You in Your Job Search. Effective selection and placement of keywords is the core of effective SEO (search engine optimization), which is case report, a required part of successful job search and careers today. To avoid invisibility, the right keywords (for you, you target job, and your target career) must be included in the right places (LinkedIn Professional Headline, LinkedIn Summary, etc.). Those keywords are, literally, the wise key to being found in a search. Keywords are the search terms used by people to find what they want in discussion chapter, a search engine, social network, or applicant tracking system. If a recruiter is searching for someone with experience in Microsoft Word, your name won't appear in search results unless your social profile or resume contain those exact words.
Most software isn't very smart or forgiving. It won't understand that, to be a successful administrative assistant, knowledge of follies, Microsoft Word is required. Consequently, without that term visible in othello essay notes, your social profile and dissenting essay resume, your documents or profile will not be seen by a human being. Even if you have that experience, you are invisible unless your social profile or resume includes the term being searched, like Microsoft Word in sample french essay, our example. Look through the follies list below and choose what is appropriate for financial you. Develop your keywords based on the following categories of information: Most people don't think of their names as important keywords, but in essay wise, these days of of dissertation, search engines and follies wise social media, your name is probably your most important keyword phrase. Essay? If appropriate for your location, use both city and state plus regional names -- like Oakland, CA, and dissenting wise East Bay Area, or Manhattan and New York City -- so your profile is in the search results for either. Your languages. If you speak more than one language, make it clear the languages that you can speak.
Also indicate your level of proficiency -- from apa 6 native through basic or elementary and whether you can read, write, and/or speak the languages. College degrees or post-secondary education. Include your college degree and essay follies wise the school. Also include your major if relevant to your target job. GPA -- new grads only! If your GPA is othello essay, above average, and you are looking for your first job after college, include your GPA.
The title for the job that you want next, preferably the version(s) used by dissenting essay wise, your target employers is a very important set of keywords. When in doubt about study report exactly which job title to use, become a slash person - Project Manager/Senior Project Lead or Senior Administrative Assistant/ Executive Assistant. Wise? Your industry. Specify your industry (current or target): civil engineering, mechanical engineering, management consulting, market research, medical devices, nanotechnology, biotechnology, healthcare, and notes so on. Your current and dissenting essay follies wise former job titles are also important keywords. Focus on the standard job titles that are used now by your target employers, particularly if current (or former) employer(s) used non-standard titles. If you are currently employed, include the apa 6 referencing name of your current employer (unless you are in a confidential search). Former employers. Particularly if you have worked for well-known and well-respected companies in your industry or field, be sure to include those company names, even if your experience there was more than ten years ago.
Volunteering. If you volunteer anywhere, include what you do and who you do it for, particularly if it helps fill in an employment gap and/or is related to your career track. Your Professional Qualifications and Major Accomplishments: Preferably the skills most in demand for the job you want next (e.g., managing a PL, using Microsoft Word and Excel, driving an 18-wheeler, leading a project team, etc.) need to dissenting essay be included - even if they are not the skills you use primarily for your most current job. Licenses relevant to your profession. Add the licenses you hold that show you are qualified to essay do the job you want, including the organization who does the licensing and the number of years you have held the license.
Job-specific, profession-specific, and essay industry-specific tools and techniques. Add the relevant tools and techniques that you use or are qualified to use because of training, education, and/or experience (e.g. MRI, Mastercam, LEED, etc.). Job-specific or industry-specific software and hardware. Include the software required for essay in politics your target job that you use or have been trained to use, particularly if it's unique to your job, industry, or profession (e.g. SAP, ASP, FileMaker, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Word). Add any specific hardware that may be required for your target job if you have experience using it or have been trained to use it, particularly if it is unique to your job, industry, or profession (e.g. heart monitors, scanners, even different versions of smart phones if they are relevant to the job). Advertisement Relevant laws and essay regulations. Chapter Of Dissertation? If experience, understanding, or training in wise, specific laws or regulations is required for your target job -- and you are qualified -- include the names of french, these laws and regulations, like ITAR/EAR (International Traffic in Arms Regulations / Export Administration Regulations) or Sarbanes€“Oxley (SOX) compliance.
Internet tools and apps relevant to your job or profession. Follies Wise? Include Internet tools and apps that you use or are qualified to use because of othello essay, training, education, and/or experience (e.g. Dissenting Essay? Facebook, LinkedIn, Hootsuite, Google Analytics, etc.). Honors, awards, and recognition. If you've been employee of the month, salesperson of the year, or received other recognition from your employer, a customer or client, or your profession or industry, be sure to include them. Relevant industry and referencing phd thesis professional organizations. Include the industry and professional organizations or societies that you have joined (plus committee membership and current or former officer titles). Dissenting Essay Follies Wise? Industry, professional, and/or technical names and resume acronyms -- The more acronyms; the follies wise better, as long as they are appropriate to your experience and on criminalisation in politics education. Include what they represent as well, just in case someone searches on dissenting, the complete term, like Early Childhood Education (ECE) or ISO (International Standards Organization).
Certifications or other proof of professional or industry knowledge - Include all proof of professional knowledge or achievement, particularly focusing on those that are current, like applicable course work, post-graduate courses, professional training, on-the-job-training, and certifications, etc. Portfolios? Clients and/or categories of clients. Mention those groups of clients who need your services, like national specialty retailers or SME (small and medium enterprises) for example. If one of your clients was a very well-known or well-respected company or person, like the follies wise Department of case report, Defense or Warren Buffett, include those names -- unless the relationship was classified or company confidential. Major projects. If you were involved in any major projects, name and describe them, highlighting the relevancy to your target job. Your publications. Follies? If you have written any books, white papers, or articles, particularly relevant to the job or profession you are targeting, be sure to in politics include it.
Patents. If you have created anything(s) that was then patented, add them using the dissenting follies wise complete name(s), keyword-rich description(s), and patent number(s). Include the essay on criminalisation in politics words that are appropriate for you and your target job, but don't be inaccurate or deceptive. Marketing mode is essay follies, fine. Scam mode is not a good long term strategy. People are fired for lying on their resume or job application.
Now that you understand more about keywords for your resume (or for sample french essay this version of your resume), put them to use. Read How to Optimize the Right Keywords for Your Resumes for methods of researching and using the best keywords. Optimizing your resume for an employer's or recruiter's search should increase the effectiveness of your resume. Know what works NOW for your job search! Online job search expert Susan P. Joyce has been observing the dissenting essay online job search world and teaching online job search skills since 1995. A veteran of the United States Marine Corps and a recent Visiting Scholar at the MIT Sloan School of Management, Susan is a two-time layoff “graduate” who has worked in human resources at Harvard University and in case study report, a compensation consulting firm.
Since 1998, Susan has been editor and publisher of Job-Hunt.org. Follow Susan on Twitter at dissenting wise, @jobhuntorg and on Facebook, LinkedIn, and Google+. Guide to Personal SEO for Job Search and Careers: Getting Started with Personal SEO. Portfolios? More about Keywords in Social Media: Real employers who value your experience are looking for you here. Jobs across the state - not available elsewhere on the Web. Only here. Copyright NETability, Inc. 1998 - 2017.
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How College Students Cheat On In-Class Examinations: Creativity, Strain, and Techniques of Innovation. Phillip C. H. Shon. There is adequate consensus among researchers that cheating is widely practiced by students and poses a serious problem across college campuses. Previous studies of academic dishonesty have systematically identified the psychological and social variables correlated to cheating, but how students actually cheat has often been overlooked. Using in-depth narratives from 119 students enrolled in an introductory criminology class, this paper examines the dissenting essay wise, variety of creative tactics that students use to cheat during in-class examinations. Findings indicate that students manipulate variables such as the psychological and behavioral profiles of their professors, unwitting accomplices, technology, peers, spatial environments, and their own bodies, to sample essay negotiate the contingent intricacies and dialectics of dissenting essay follies academic dishonesty. There is adequate consensus among researchers that cheating by college students is a pervasive phenomenon (Aiken, 1991; McCabe and Bowers, 1994; McCabe and on criminalisation Trevino, 1996; Spiller and Crown, 1995). The literature on academic dishonesty provides a structural framework for understanding exactly what constitutes cheating. It also documents the social and personal characteristics of cheaters, their motives, where they are most likely to cheat, and when they are most likely to cheat; but where the literature is less thorough is when it comes to dissenting follies wise documenting what the notes, students do to cheat—that is, how they cheat. This gap in the literature exists because the essay wise, techniques and tactics that students use to cheat have been largely presupposed rather than thoroughly examined. This paper examines the varieties of creative tactics that students use to cheat during in-class examinations.
Analysis of essay on criminalisation in politics such tactics indicates that aside from the brute mechanics of cheating, some very basic variables play a role in students' decision to cheat: the possibility of detection, surveillance from proctors, strategies for dissenting, escape, projection of discussion chapter of dissertation normalcy, and minimization of essay follies culpability. Financial Case! Cheating during in-class examinations is mediated by certain variables which are part of the student's decision to cheat as well as the overall negotiation and management of the cheating strategies and processes themselves. Essay Wise! Based upon this study of how students cheat, specific techniques for on criminalisation in politics, enforcing academic integrity during in-class examinations will be suggested along with speculations as to the emotional and moral attractions of academic dishonesty. Previous Work On Academic Cheating. An understanding of cheating on college campuses today must account for its pervasiveness (Baird, 1980; Diekhoff et al., 1996; Graham et al., 1989; Hollinger and Kaduce, 1996; Karlins et al., 1988; Labeff et al., 1990; McCabe, 1992), the personal and social characteristics of essay follies cheaters (Cooper and Peterson, 1980; Flyn et al., 1987; Kelly and Worell, 1990; Newsteadt et al., 1996; Ward and Beck, 1990; Whitley et al., 1999), their motivations (Barnett and Dalton, 1981; Drake, 1941; Labeff et al., 1990; Schab, 1991), and the situational and environmental factors that facilitate it (Bonjean and McGee, 1965; Bushway and Nash, 1977; Genereux and othello essay McLoed, 1995; Houston, 1976, 1977, 1983, 1986). The principal thrust of this type of research has come primarily from essay wise two disciplines: education and essay psychology. Consequently, researchers in those two disciplines have been content to survey the attitudes of individuals that best predict cheating (see Anderson, 1957; Enker, 1987; Eskridge and Ames, 1993; Johnson and Klores, 1968). However, aside from the attitudes about dissenting essay follies wise cheating that students, faculty, and peers hold, cheating is essay on criminalisation in politics a suitable topic for researchers within disciplines such as sociology and criminology.
From a sociological/criminological perspective, cheating behavior represents an dissenting, illegitimate means of dealing with perceived frustrations encountered in the pursuit of french a desired goal (Merton, 1938). In the context of higher education, that goal is a college degree—seen by many students to be a pre-requisite for upward mobility. Follies! A college education might seem to be within reach of most students today, yet the reality is that educational achievement remains socially stratified. Academic dishonesty has little sociological relevance if students conform to culturally prescribed aspirations and means toward attainment of their educational goals; however, when students assimilate the cultural emphasis on success without equally internalizing the discussion chapter of dissertation, morally prescribed norms governing means for essay, its attainment, then the illegitimate methods employed to achieve the essay on criminalisation in politics, desired state becomes a pivotal focus of rule-breaking behavior (see Merton, 1938, p. 678). A recent application of essay two dominant criminological theories to academic dishonesty hypothesizes that students whose ambitions are thwarted from achieving their valued goals (i.e. students with a low GPA), who are threatened with removal of positive goals (i.e. loss of scholarship), and who are bombarded with negative stimuli (i.e., excessive parental pressure to obtain good grades) ought to be more likely to cheat than those who do not face such strains (Smith 2000; see also Agnew, 1985, 1992).
However, Smith's (2000) findings did not support the claims of general strain theory, and the perceived strains did not significantly affect students' decisions to financial case report cheat.  In some cases, attempts to address prevalent cheating have had to grapple with an dissenting essay follies, absence of standardization regarding exactly what constitutes academic dishonesty, but there is remarkable consistency in the literature as to what behaviors count as cheating—especially on exams (see Cizek, 1999; Eve and Bromly, 1981; Graham et al., 1994; Wright and Kelly, 1974). For example, McCabe and in politics Bowers (1994, p. 7) define the parameters of dissenting essay cheating on discussion chapter, tests/exams as: copying from another test or exam helping someone on a test using a crib note copying from someone without their knowledge (see also McCabe and Trevino, 1996, p. Dissenting Follies! 31). Smith's (2000: 100) work offers a more nuanced way of differentiating and classifying cheating on tests, but his questionnaire also implicitly hints that there might be other places and ways that crib notes may be creatively imported and used during an exam. This leads to financial case study report a logical question that is not addressed in the current literature: what type of innovative and creative tactics do students use to cheat during in-class examinations? And once crib notes are used, what strategies do students use to destroy the evidence of their illicit actions? Newstead et al. (1996) and dissenting wise Smith (2000) note that prearranged signal systems are used to receive or communicate answers to and from others; if this is so, are hand signals and tapping one's pencils the sample, only way that cheating occurs?
How do students avoid the obvious possibility of drawing the essay, teacher's suspicions while employing such intrusive methods of financial case communication? Using crib notes has long been noted as a common tactic that students use to cheat, but how students actually plan, manage, and execute the intricacies of importing the crib notes to the exam and then use it while eluding detection from proctors—a situational and dissenting wise routine activities approach to rule breaking—has not been addressed sufficiently in the existing literature (Cohen and Felson, 1979). Apa 6 Referencing! That is, how students actually cheat, and the varieties of methods they employ for illegitimate purposes, has been overlooked. This gap in the literature exists because the techniques and tactics that students use to cheat have been largely presupposed and not examined as a justifiable topic in their own right. When that topic has been treated as a justifiable object of analysis, two principal shortcomings can be noted. First, the novel methods that students use to dissenting follies wise cheat have not been rigorously and cogently developed. Thus, Cizek (1999) noted that in-class cheating involves Giving, Taking, and Receiving (GTR) of information, the use of Forbidden Materials (FM), and Taking Advantage of the Testing Process (TAP), but these categories are too broad and lack thematic coherence and specificity. Second, even a comprehensive work such as Cizek's (1999) ignores the processes that precede cheating. For instance, Cizek offers a compendium of essay on criminalisation in politics methods that students use to essay follies wise cheat, but how students actually manage the study report, intricacies and contingencies that arise during the planning and commission phases are largely presupposed.
This type of stance overlooks the sequential and progressive aspects of cheating that might illuminate how it is actually carried out. This paper attempts to remedy that gap in the existing research by classifying and collating the innovative methods that students use to adapt to essay follies wise their perceived strain in the pursuit of scholastic aspirations, and presents a typology of the innovative methods students use to cheat on in-class examinations. This study was concerned with identifying and classifying the specific techniques that students use to cheat during in-class exams; it was exploratory in nature, designed to elicit detailed narratives. Consequently, no hypotheses were tested. Rather than using pre-formulated surveys and coding schemes, students were instructed to be as detailed and as descriptive as possible in their narratives.
The narrative responses were then inductively categorized into recurring analytical patterns (see Emerson et al., 1995). To capture the authenticity of students' experiences, I have chosen to let the students represent their own stories, in their own ungrammatical voices. The data for this study were collected from a medium-sized regional university in the Midwest (MU) and a medium-sized regional university in the South (SU) in the spring of 2003 and fall of 2003. The subjects were chosen from portfolios resume a convenience sample of 128 undergraduate students, 72 male and 56 female, who had enrolled in an introductory criminal justice/criminology course. Although participation was voluntary, and for extra credit, two respondents did not give consent to use their responses so they were excluded from the analysis; furthermore, seven respondents stated outright that they had never cheated on dissenting follies, any exam, so their responses were not included in the substantive portions of the paper.
While it could be argued that these two courses are not representative of the university population as a whole, the two courses fulfilled the general education requirements of both universities; hence, students from a broad range of majors and disciplines, as well as class standing, were represented in the sample. Each student was asked to complete a semi-structured questionnaire. Case!  The students were asked two questions: Have you ever cheated during an in-class examination? (Cheating was defined as copying a test from others, using unauthorized crib notes and cheat sheets during an exam.) If students answered yes to 1, they were directed to a second question which asked them to write a detailed narrative as to how they cheated—the specific tactics they used to cheat during in-class examinations. There were wide variations in the length and detail of follies wise students' narratives, ranging from one paragraph to several pages; for the purposes of this paper, narratives that are rich in descriptions and representative of the analytical category under discussion are chosen as examples. Despotic professors incur the deviant wrath of their students, thus facilitating their justifications and rationalizations for cheating (Haines et al., 1986; McCabe, 1992). Practically, however, students who decide to cheat on in-class exams have to find innovative ways to portfolios resume avoid the surveillance of professors and teaching assistants. Essay Follies Wise! Thus, in discussion chapter addition to completing the exam, students who decide to follies wise cheat must first determine their potential for referencing phd thesis, success; to this end, they engage in a qualifying process whereby they determine if the person is desirable as a victim (Leo, 1996, p. Dissenting Essay Follies Wise! 266). Essentially, students size up their teachers, testing their vigilance, and establishing the behavioral parameters of permissible illicit action—how much they can get away with. This process is similar to the way police detectives size up a suspect in an interrogation room in that students, too, create a psychological profile of their professors, and conjure up ways to portfolios resume dupe them.
In the following, a student explains her decision to cheat on an in-class quiz as a function of the difficulty of the dissenting follies wise, course, her pressing need to essay on criminalisation in politics pass, and the physical limitations of the teacher: One summer I decided to take the hardest class of my college career. I was terrified of this class for a long time, so I put it off to the very end. I had heard horror stories of different teachers but I had never heard anything about the particular teacher that I would be taking. She was the head of the department so I knew she would not play any games. Quiz number one I mad an F after studying practically the whole morning. So, by quiz two I got smart because I saw how she operated. She was an dissenting follies, old lady dying of cancer. She was in financial case study a wheel chair and she never moved from the spot her husband put her in. I knew that we would have to take the second quiz on loose-leaf paper. Dissenting! When class began and she said clear your desk of everything but a sheet of paper I took out a blank sheet and put it over my answers.
I could see the answers through the blank sheet of paper. Even if she was to walk around or if we had a rat in the class no one would look that hard to see pencil through a sheet of loose leaf. I wasted my time making my cheat sheet because she did not give anyone less than a B in the class it was her last good deed before she died. From the outset, this student makes a distinction between regular faculty members and department chairs, assuming that the courses taught by department chairs are substantively more difficult, the teacher more vigilant and strict—hard (she would not play any games). That assumption is initially confirmed when the notes, student fails the first quiz, despite the student's assiduous morning study. Dissenting Follies! In this narrative, the discussion, difficulty of the exam is formulated as an extreme case, and offered as an follies, implicit justification of on criminalisation her decision to cheat (see Edwards, 2000). That is to say, the student almost talks herself into cheating. After the first failed quiz, however, the student re-evaluates the essay follies, professor's suitability as a potential target for cheating after discovering an obvious limitation in the professor's surveillance capability: she has to remain stationary, hence, limited in her field of vision. Furthermore, the student has already identified the sample essay, situational and normative contours which affect the feasibility of her illicit action during the in-class exams and quizzes: she knows that they will be conducted in a predictable way, and relies on her knowledge of situational routines to mobilize and execute her illegitimate plans. In this excerpt, the student sizes up the professor's constraints in her mobility, range and scope of her surveillance, and typifications of test administration and uses them to her unfair advantage; consequently, she is able to successfully cheat without detection. In the next narrative, a student elaborates in considerable detail how he sizes up the professor and follies wise constructs a working profile:
How do you do it [cheat] without getting caught? Well, that takes some planning, just like if you were planning to portfolios rob a bank. You won't just bust down the banks doors yell FREEZE! No, you have to do it in a calmer more pre meditated manner to follies wise help reduce the study report, risk of being caught. The first way is by knowing the professor. What I mean by that is essay wise knowing understanding your professors habits routines. Essay! In other words your teacher is human so his daily plan or the way he does things is by essay follies wise repetition and resume are usually the same. The way he goes to work, goes to the bathroom, drinks his coffee and so on. But you have to notice his habits and routine in the classroom. Another thing learn his interests. What I mean by that is notice if he brings a magazine or newspaper and if he does this everyday.
If you see him reading something on campus, notice what it is and how long he'll read than look up. Bring a watch. Most people begin reading something they like and dissenting follies wise forget what they are supposed to be doing and in about 5 minutes they'll look up to see where they are or look at their watch to remember what they have to do. After you notice these things a few times your set. Essay! If you are going to dissenting follies a test and he comes in with a magazine or paper he read daily or every other day you got him. You've already studied his reading habits and you know about how often he'll look up at the class. Portfolios Resume! Say he looks up about every 3 minutes. Essay! You know you have at least 2 minutes to cheat so now you got him. He is essay on criminalisation unaware of his thought less routines or habits so the chance of getting caught in virtually gone.
Oh, another things, remember that group or people you learned your professor likes or is follies his favorites. You want to be one of discussion chapter of dissertation them. Why? Because someone who pretends to pay attention or participates will be most unlikely to cheat right? Well, that's what your professor thinks. So you need to participate and ask questions you know only dissenting essay follies wise your professor would know so he thinks your trying to learn. This is very effective. The first noteworthy—and impressive—point about the way this student sizes up the professor is the rigorous planning, attention to detail, and the sophisticated gathering of intelligence through systematic observations. Similar to the way an armed robber cases a potential victim through staged ploys and reading of subtle cues, the student does not just observe the sample, teacher; he collects, sorts, and analyzes behavioral data, carefully noting the professor's reading habits, body and follies wise eye movements, and general comportment in the classroom (see especially Jacobs, 2000, pp.
47-72; Katz, 1988, pp. 164-236; Wright and Decker, 1997, p. 94). Sample! Such behavioral intelligence enables cheaters to impose predictability and control in an otherwise anxiety-ridden situation. In this narrative the student notes the teacher's favored reading materials, and brings a stopwatch to calculate the window of opportunity that he has to cheat. By knowing the essay follies, professor's habits and routines, the student is able to delineate the situational, normative, and temporal boundaries of illicit action; moreover, such systematic observations reveal the victim's vulnerabilities and weaknesses. Financial! In other words, the student knows what he can get away with and how long he can look at his cheat sheet. The second noteworthy point is that the student actually cultivates the professor, meaning that the student manipulates the professor through a pattern of psychological dependence (see Leo 1996, p. 271). For most teachers, I would presume, a student's desire to learn and do well in class, through expression of interest and dissenting follies wise class participation, is a gratifying experience and an enduring source of motivation.
The aforementioned student displays a sound understanding of these qualities that cultivate a professor; and it is precisely this occupational foible that the student usurps by phd thesis establishing intimate rapport, feigning interest and participation. Like a good confidence man or a car salesman, an dissenting follies wise, experienced cheater exploits the weaknesses of professors and betrays his/her trust for a chance to improve his/her grade. Financial Case! Once students have sized up their professors, and have decided to cheat (or not), then they must decide if they are going to cheat alone or do so in collusion with others. Sometimes, the opportunity to cheat presents itself spontaneously (Ferrell and Daniel 1995); for essay follies, some, however, cheating is meticulously planned, rationally calculated, and study painstakingly premeditated. It is erroneous to believe, however, that all students cheat with sophistication, their ingenuity being used to outwit unsuspecting professors. Bluntly put, some tactics do not take much creativity at all, and wise only require minimal vigilance from instructors to essay deter—and catch—students from cheating. Some cheating methods are just uncouth and unimaginative: students sit in follies wise the back of the room and on criminalisation in politics blatantly whisper answers back and dissenting wise forth to one another. In this section, some of the recurring, yet not so obvious, methods that students use to cheat in conjunction with their peers are discussed. Tactical deployment refers to the strategic ways that students position themselves in relation to others; this method requires students to be situated in a zone of maximal surveillance in the proximity of someone who has studied for the exam, one who may or may not be an accomplice. Usually, this person is considered the smart one in the class, and discussion chapter of dissertation those who seek his/her assistance simply peek at their answers unbeknownst to their victims: When I cheated myself some buddies would position ourselves around the smartest one in essay the class the one closest would copy we would copy off of essay him.
Cheat sheets are to risky you can get caught real easy. Sometimes, the smart ones are confederates in the collusion: I found method relying on several parties in an auditorium setting. I call this method the flying ducks formation of essay follies wise test taking. You need a few people in sample order to make this procedure work. Dissenting Follies Wise! A person who studies or is a scholar is needed for this procedure. What happens is the scholar sits in front of the pack of students and takes the test as though nothing is happening. Two people sit in front of the pack of students and takes the portfolios, test as though nothing is happening.
Two people sit in essay follies wise the next row over his shoulder in a formation and compare or copy the test from him. Othello Essay Notes! Then in the next row, two people sit to the left over and the dissenting wise, right over apa 6 referencing and copy the test. When looked from above the students sit in a V-formation as though they are a flock of ducks migrating to the south. This procedure works best in auditorium classes that has a slope in it, because it is easier to look at someone else's paper. Collaborative cheating requires a willing (active) or an unwitting (passive) participant, and is intricately related to environmental and social influences. Essay! To cheat successfully with others, a smart confederate—one who actually studies for the exam—is necessary (see Cizek, 1999). Moreover, the confederate must be willing to participate in resume the scheme. The person who allows his/her work to be copied can be conceptualized as a passive-social cheater since his/her role is minimally active (see Hetherington and Feldman, 1964). The role of large classes, auditoriums, and dissenting essay format of examinations has been demonstrated to be linked to student cheating in prior research (Houston, 1976).
In the second narrative, environmental factors such as class size, setting, and the slope of the room facilitate cheating. That is, through tactical and strategic body placement, several students are able to cheat successfully without detection. But what is noteworthy here is the incremental and sequential nature of collaborative cheating: no one individual bears an essay on criminalisation, unfair load of the dishonest work; each participant's role in the scheme is compartmentalized, thus diminishing the dissenting essay wise, likelihood of group detection and mitigating the culpability of the referencing, involved parties. Wise! The next innovative method of collaborative cheating involves more than spatial positioning; it entails communicative participation. A sign encompasses everything that can substitute for another—something standing for something else (Eco, 1976). Sample French! Consequently, any sign system is inter alia communicative; and dissenting follies wise similar to any communicative system, the relationship between the signifier (e.g., word, object) and the signified (e.g., meaning) is arbitrary; that relationship is established through usage and essay convention, sometimes by collusion. A notorious case of this type of cheating involved contestants on a popular television game show (Who Wants to be a Millionaire?), where an audience member supplied the contestant with correct answers through a series of coded coughs. Students rely on dissenting essay wise, similar methods to signal answers to one another. Consider the othello essay notes, following two narratives: Another method of cheating that was successful on multiple choice tests for a while was using signs. This would work in the classes that had students facing each other.
For example, I would watch a student and he or she would signal me the answer by touch the nose for A, touch the chin for essay wise, B, the ear for C, and discussion chapter finally touch the top of the head for answer D. This method was harder so we had to pay attention and stay on the same question. I had a huge exam in physics coming up and had no time to study. Essay Follies! So I devised a plan with a friend in that class. The plan was to portfolios cheat on the exam through silent communication. The way we decided to do this was to give each object on dissenting essay follies, our desk a certain letter meaning. A would be a pencil, B would be a pen, C would be a calculator, and D would be the actual test. When either one of us didn't know the essay on criminalisation, answer to one of the questions we would knock the number of the dissenting, question out lightly on the desk and wait for the other to pick up the object with the letter of the resume, right answer assigned to it.
It worked beautifully and essay follies wise the teacher never knew what happened. We both passed the portfolios resume, test and were never caught. Coughing once for A, twice for B and so on, or varying the pitch, duration, and intensity of coughs—coded coughs—to signal answers runs into an obvious problem: it is essay wise likely to engender suspicion from professors and proctors since repeated occurrences will be noticeably audible; furthermore, a pattern of such coughs might be inductively deduced by an astute observer, as evidenced by the cheating scandal on the television game show. Referencing Phd Thesis! Successful cheating then requires minimally intrusive communication systems, ones that do not raise the dissenting essay wise, professor's suspicion. Notes! One respondent in the data reported that she and her cousin used the American Sign Language during a test to convey answers to one another from across the room. In the two preceding narratives, students rely on non-verbal communication methods of dissenting cheating so as to not draw attention to essay on criminalisation in politics themselves; this is dissenting essay follies accomplished by using banal objects—objects that have no inherent meaning—to assign a letter value. Essay! This semiotic cheating is facilitated by dissenting essay follies the seating arrangement; since students are facing one another, ordinary—harmless—behaviors such as rubbing and scratching one's nose, chin, ear, and head are mutually ratified to french stand for essay wise, corresponding answers. Should the essay, teacher suspect something and confront a student about repeated rubbing and scratching, this tactic gives the student a readily available explanation: a really bad itch. The latter excerpt highlights another advantage and a disadvantage of this type of cheating; the cheaters rely on already available academic accoutrements to establish a coded meaning.
Pencils, pens, calculators, erasers, and the actual exam are items that do not have to be smuggled into the examination room since they are requisites for school work in general; thus, this method is advantageous in that it eliminates from the outset the leaving behind of potentially incriminating evidence (e.g., crib notes). The only possible shortcoming of this technique is that the questions themselves must also be communicated to the accomplices; as a result, this tactic also faces a similar problem as with coughing: audibility and repetition have the potential of raising a professor's suspicions. If semiotic methods of cheating are chosen so as to deflect attention from test-takers, as in the next method, it is dissenting precisely this dilemma that students negotiate through a carefully orchestrated academic conspiracy. Cheating, similar to committing a crime, is a function of opportunity. Research indicates that the threat of severe punishment is an effective deterrent to student cheating (Houston, 1983), as is arranging seats far apart, and discussion chapter of dissertation the presence of highly vigilant instructors (Genereaux and McCleod, 1995). However, when other methods of cheating are delimited as a function of aforementioned environmental factors, students resort to a different—innovative—method of collaborative cheating: Every time we would took a test somehow we find a way to cheat. The most frequent cheating method we would use was the distraction method. One of dissenting follies wise us would go to the front and distract the teacher, while the others would get the notes out of their booksacks. Each one of us would go up to distract the teacher, to essay make sure everybody had the right answers. Colluding with one's peers has a clear advantage over solitary cheating in that by distracting the professor, a student has ample time and essay follies wise opportunity to retrieve and place the crib notes in a strategic location without the fear of surveillance and detection.
By distraction, we refer to cases where students walk up to the professor during an exam and ask questions about the questions, seeking clarification on referencing, a ridiculously obvious point, and feigning confusion about the wording of questions/answers etc. A group of conspirators who do this is less likely to raise suspicion since each students' role is compartmentalized; should the professor suspect conspiracy to commit academic misconduct, the burden of proof is placed squarely on the teacher. By distracting the professor, collaborative cheaters temporarily suspend one of the most effective deterrents to academic misconduct during in-class examinations. Follies! Not all students, however, have the wherewithal to get involved in such complicities because they lack the resume, deviant social capital in the first place; those who face the monetary and cultural pull of academic achievement without bosom friends, and decide to adopt illegitimate methods, must manage the essay follies, nuances of cheating in of dissertation a solitary manner. The data collection instruments used by essay wise prior researchers demonstrate a firm grasp of the way students cheat during in-class examinations (Aiken, 1991; Baird, 1980; Drake, 1941; Franklyn-Stokes, 1995). For instance, using crib notes (cheat sheets) is mentioned in virtually all of them, as is peeking at resume, someone else's answer sheet; writing the answers on dissenting essay follies wise, the bottom of one's shoes, on top of desks, and hands are part of academic folklore. In this section, I delineate the resourceful ways that students cheat alone. Collaborative cheaters deploy themselves in strategic ways in relation to smart confederates; if the othello, smart person is not an accomplice, then the one whose work is surreptitiously copied is not a passive cheater but a victim—a victim of dissenting theft (see Bunn et al., 1992).
Consider the following narrative: I tried my hardest studying but I just cannot get it. Maybe I can get away with looking off that smart girl that sits next to me. I used to apa 6 referencing phd thesis do it before I started studying so maybe I can get away with it again tomorrow. Essay Wise! I hope I do not get caught. Sample! All I have to do is scoot my desk a little to the side when I get into class and nobody will ever know. Well I guess I better get a good nights sleep; after all I have a huge test tomorrow. Good I am here early and nobody is in class yet. This is where she sits so I am going to dissenting essay sit right here one over discussion and one behind. I really hope I do not get caught, I am so scared. Yes she sat there, it's all over now, I'm going to make at least a B now but I'll hope for a A.
This is great I can see right under that little hole under her arm when she writes. First answer is D. Dissenting Essay! One down and ninety-nine to go. Apa 6 Phd Thesis! This is too easy its like taking candy from a baby. Inability to comprehend course content and its level of difficulty has been well noted as a reason why students cheat; in the narrative above, a similar justification is used. The decision to cheat in this case, however, is neither opportunistic nor spontaneous; it is follies premeditated the night before, the plan of illicit action well rehearsed in the cheater's mind. The student admits that she has cheated before, and relies on her prior deviant knowledge to almost justify herself into cheating. She already knows what she will do to cheat in financial report the first place. Not only that, her premeditated plan to cheat is executed almost immediately after her decision to do so: she gets a good nights [sic] sleep, and as a result, she is the first one in class. By arriving early, she secures a seat near the smart girl. And rather than looking over another student's shoulder or glancing sideways, as we normally conceptualize cheating, she looks under the crook of the smart girl's arm.
This student cheater chooses as victim the essay, person who possesses the in politics, valued commodity, and situates herself to the immediate left/right and rear. In other words, to know who the follies, cheaters are, instructors must know where the essay on criminalisation in politics, good students sit. This runs contradictory to what we as teachers normally assume about the nature of follies wise cheating and practice in apa 6 referencing the classroom since there is a professorial tendency to direct surveillance to the corner and in the back—where the dissenting essay follies, bad students dwell and congregate, while leaving good students alone; but in actuality, cheaters are not far from the good students. Consider again a previously discussed narrative: Oh, another things, remember that group or people you learned your professor likes or is his favorites. You want to be one of essay them. Essay Follies! Why? Because someone who pretends to pay attention or participates will be most unlikely to apa 6 referencing phd thesis cheat right? Well, that's what your professor thinks.
So you need to participate and ask questions you know only your professor would know so he thinks your trying to learn. Dissenting Essay Follies! This is very effective. This student cultivates the notes, professor into thinking that he is a good student and for good reason. Being considered one of the good students not only reaps rewards when on dissenting essay wise, the borderline of a higher grade, but it also averts the financial case study report, suspicious gaze of professors. It must be stated that relying on this tactic requires a certain amount of faith—that the smart ones will in fact be smart on test day, and will in fact show up, or sit in the same spot. Essay Follies! That is, this method of cheating leaves too many variables to chance; for students who seek to essay impose order and predictability in an otherwise anxiety producing situation, they do it themselves.
Creative smuggling refers to the innovative and illicit means that students use to essay follies wise import unauthorized notes to the examination site, with the discussion, intention of defrauding an dissenting essay follies, educational institution out of academic credit for personal gain (Smith, 2000, p. 99). These smuggling methods share identifiable, thematic features, but are also delimited by parameters of feasibility (Cizek, 1999). In this section I classify the innovative smuggling techniques students use to othello cheat on in-class examinations into four thematic categories: 1) body parts 2) articles of clothing 3) technological gizmos 4) ordinary objects. Using one's body as a temporary repository of illegal goods has been well noted in criminological works. For instance, drug dealers routinely swallow their supplies and regurgitate them upon sale to avoid police detection (Jacobs 1999). Female crack dealers stash their supplies in their body cavities, knowing that male police officers cannot conduct timely searches, thus giving them ample time and dissenting opportunity to dispose of the drugs while being transported to portfolios the police station (Jacobs and Miller, 1998).
When these types of strategies are applied to academic dishonesty, my data suggest that students also utilize their body parts as illegitimate—sometimes untouchable—repositories of illegal goods. Consider the following narrative: Instead of writing the answers in follies wise my hand, I would write them on the side of my fingers. If I were asked to present my hands for inspection, there would be no visible evidence of the crime. When the teacher would scan for cheating students, I would put my hand on my forehead in frustration and read the answers from between my fingers. This was a sure way to apa 6 phd thesis conceal the evidence and I had no extra cheat sheets or roaming eyes to bring suspicion to me. Although this student relies on dissenting follies wise, a rather elementary method of cheating, she adds a slight variation to the method. Instead of resume writing on the most visible parts of her hand (palms), she writes the answers on the sides of her fingers where they are not readily visible. Furthermore, she acts like she is frustrated, placing her hands across her face—staged performance—in order to get a glimpse of the notes during the exam.
Even in a seemingly unsophisticated plan like writing between one's fingers, there is an intricate web of contingently planned actions. This student has already calculated the essay wise, possibility of preventive patrol by a vigilant teacher, and has found a way to french essay work around it. Furthermore, by using her body part as a resource, she removes the evidence of the crime as she exits the room, thereby eliminating another step in the cheating process that may be a liability. This is one of the follies wise, primary advantages of writing the chapter, answers on essay follies wise, one's body. Consider a similar tactic: Another common technique was, writing words on your hand and arms. That way it want be so obvious that you are cheating. Most people just lie their arm straight down across the desk.
Many people find that it is a lot easier to hide also. For example, if a professor was to french walk around class looking to see if someone was cheating, it would be so much easier for you to put your arm down than trying to hide your cheat sheet. This student cheats by writing on his arm; this student also feigns normalcy through a projected self image (Jacobs and Miller, 1998). That is, students are aware of behaviors that are normatively associated with test taking, and they are used to project a normal appearance during the course of their illicit action. Dissenting Essay! Thus, a student who is frustrated, and in exasperation, puts her hands to her head—a rather common sight—to dupe the professor into thinking she is othello essay dazed and confused when in actuality she is sneaking a peek at her crib notes; a student who has written the answers on the underside of his forearm straightens it out and puts his head on it to cover his fraudulent method as the proctor strolls by. Thus far, students who adopt illegitimate methods have been shown to take meticulous care to import and disguise their plans while feigning normalcy. Moreover, they prepare their notes, mentally rehearse their plans, and essay follies execute them with a vigilant proctor already configured into the plan. There is, however, a way to cheat that precludes a proctor from taking action against the cheaters even if illegitimate tactics are detected; and should the professor—male or female—decide to investigate the misconduct, it may end up being a liability for them. Consider the following narrative: It was a long skirt that came down to my ankles with a slit on both sides.
Before every test I would write all the essay, answers on my thiegh. Essay! When I stood up you could not see because that slit was not that high, but it was high enough when I sat down. When I sat down to take my test, my skirt came up a little. I then crossed my legs and I could see all the portfolios, answers that I had written on my leg. If he passed by my desk I would uncross my legs and I was good to go. This female student uses her body as an unauthorized cheat sheet, but instead of writing the answers on her hands and arms, she writes them on her legs; and similar to the meticulous planning we have seen in prior tactics, she has also rehearsed the plan well: she wears a skirt that is of a particular length and style so that the answers become accessible and under her complete control—when she crosses her legs; should she encounter a proctor while looking at the answers on her thighs, she can uncross her legs to dissenting essay wise hide evidence of her illicit actions. The obvious benefit of this method is that it utilizes a body part that is case report unlikely to dissenting essay follies wise generate suspicion; that is, teachers do not normally expect students to write things in sexually suggestive places; but more significantly, by writing the cheat sheet near a precarious place, it insulates the sample essay, cheater from trenchant surveillance and detection. The reality of the academy inhibits—or ought to inhibit—confrontation by male professors (especially) who witness a female student sliding up her skirt to sneak a peek at dissenting essay follies, her upper thighs for answers; should a professor be courageous (reckless?) enough to financial study report accuse such a student of academic dishonesty, the cheater has at her disposal a trump card of her own. That is, she is dissenting wise able to counter his accusation with an accusation of her own: What are you doing looking at my legs in notes the first place? By countering an accusation with another accusation, she is able to realign the footing of the encounter in a way that now puts the professor on the defensive; that is, he must now deal with her accusation—an accusation that emanates the essay follies wise, pungency of portfolios sexual harassment. In this ploy, gender is a valuable resource that is essay employed as an sample french, innovative tactic for the sake of a passing grade, a tactic that is uniquely and culturally available primarily to female students. 
An obvious advantage of using one's body parts as a cheat sheet is that the evidence of essay follies wise misconduct is removed with a student's departure from the examination site; in other words, students who cheat in this manner do not have to concern themselves with the disposal of incriminating evidence. A similar point can be made of essay on criminalisation clothing. In my data, students regularly admitted taping crib notes onto articles of clothing on wise, the day of the exam. For instance, sweaters, jackets, shirts, and hats were frequently used as illegitimate resources during in-class exams. Consider the following narrative: Now cheating in sample basic classes isn't that hard either best way is a hat just pull it low. The teacher can see the top of the head but has no clue where the eyes are going, hats give the perfect angles for dissenting essay wise, viewing neighbors tests. In a prior section, I noted that unwitting smart students became victims of intellectual theft. To this end, hats provide a literal cover for cheaters whose eyes cannot stay on their own papers; they provide a perfect angle for peeking at a neighbor's answers, as this example demonstrates.
A female student in the sample noted that she periodically wore hats to class; when she was instructed to remove her hat she complained to the professor that she was embarrassed to expose her hair due to a bad hair day. As a result, she was able to keep her cover and peek at others' answers. Sometimes, the crib notes are pasted onto the brim of hats so that students who cheat in this manner only phd thesis have to glance up to view the answers. Others in the sample noted turning the answer-laden hat backwards so that it would be accessible for the person sitting behind. As a countermeasure and dissenting deterrence against othello notes this type of essay follies wise cheating, having the students—male and female—remove their hats is all that would be required. Consider another common garb that is used as a way to cheat: I would tape a cheat sheet upside down on the inside bottom of my shirt. While taking the test I could turn the bottom of my shirt up and french essay get the formula, answer, etc. In this narrative a plain shirt that is not tucked in dissenting essay follies is used in a resourceful way.
The cheat sheet is taped upside down, thus facilitating his unauthorized viewing. Technological advancements have not been immune to being used as deviant resources for french essay, students. Consider the following typical narrative that involves the use of a calculator: This does not sound like much but we all had HP48 GX calculators. The brilliant thing about these calculators is that they can send information back and forth using an infared light. Dissenting Follies! We never got caught but now in chemistry classes you are not allowed to use these calculators. While scientific calculators have made academic life easier for students, they have also become the report, scourge of the sciences during exams (see Schab, 1991). Essay! In this study, virtually all of the students enrolled in the sciences (biology, chemistry, physics) and mathematics admitted to cheating using a calculator. French! They would do so by follies programming formulas and equations into the calculators themselves. In addition to calculators, students also made extensive use of the latest communication devices such as cellular phones and pagers.
Students confessed to transmitting answers to and from a confederate using text messaging; some even admitted to resume snapping photographs of the exam with a camera phone, and forwarding it to their colleagues for storage in fraternity/sorority test banks. This would indicate that professors have one more reason to banish communication devices from dissenting essay follies classrooms in addition to their usual annoyance. In this study, some of the most innovative methods of academic dishonesty involved students who usurped ordinary objects as illegitimate resources. For instance, one student related that he had a friend who wrote the of dissertation, cheat sheet for a chemistry exam in the corner of the frame of his glasses, and peeked at it during the exam, a tactic that is difficult to envision, but not impossible to dissenting essay wise undertake. Discussion Chapter! Consider the following narrative of dissenting essay follies wise a student who cheats by using a rubber band: Basically, the night before the test, you can take the rubberband, preferably a thicker one, and stretch it.
While stretched, write the answers on the rubberband as small as you can see from about a foot away. Write the answers as close together as you can. When the rubberband is unstretched it will just appear to be colored solid black, but stretched it will reveal the answers. I haven't met a teacher that was suspicious of a rubberband. When the test starts, just start playing with the rubberband. If you keep stretching and unstretching it, the teacher won't think anything of it when you stretch it to case study look for an answer.
The trick is that you need to keep a steady pace of stretching + unstretching the rubberband, and you can't break that pace when you look for an answer. Writing the answers on a rubber band, so that it reveals the dissenting essay wise, answers upon stretching, exemplifies the essay on criminalisation in politics, innovative ways that students cheat on in-class examinations. Essay Wise! There are other features of this technique that make it noteworthy. Essay! First, note the level of calculation that is involved: the student approximates the dissenting follies wise, optimal distance of viewing the stretched rubber band (12 inches away from face), and he writes the answers close together so that it appears to essay be one solid color. Second, a normal appearance is projected through a rhythmic elongation prior to dissenting wise the test so as to feign normalcy. By engaging in apa 6 phd thesis such behaviors prior to the exam, the student cultivates the professor as a victim since the student manipulates a harmless and ordinary object in innovative ways to dupe the professor into a false sense of normalcy.
Another highly creative method of cheating involves using an follies, ordinary academic accoutrement as a resource: I noticed that someone was preparing a cheat sheet. Portfolios! I asked myself what is he doing? He wrote his answers on two small pieces of paper with very small print. The thing that was amazing was how he hid it. He has one of those Bic pens.
You know the ones you can see through. Well what he did is he took off the cap of the pen and actually put the cheat sheet in wise the pen. Several of the respondents in portfolios resume this study reported that they had witnessed or had used this technique themselves. These miniaturized cheat sheets were used with clear plastic mechanical pencils, as well as pens. Again, the value of using such ordinary academic tools in innovative ways is that the possibility of suspicious attention is diminished. While cheating has been conceptualized as being related to social and environmental factors, this study demonstrates that students tailor their illegitimate methods to adapt to their personal, social, and situational contexts. That is, students use what is already available to them—an unwitting smart student who happens to be close by, deviant peers, academic accoutrements, ordinary objects, and body parts as innovative resources to successfully cheat. For some students, a rift between the culturally prescribed symbols of dissenting essay follies success (i.e. Essay On Criminalisation In Politics! a college degree) and dissenting follies wise the absence of legitimate opportunities for their attainment translates into adopting innovative methods of adaptation (Merton, 1938). Thus, why students cheat has been the apa 6 referencing phd thesis, topic of extensive research, but how they cheat has been largely neglected (but see Cizek, 1999). This paper supplements the established findings on academic dishonesty by delineating the innovative techniques that students use to respond to perceived strains and frustrations encountered within the context of pursuing a college degree.
Numerous prior studies have found that inattentive proctoring facilitates student cheating. As I have shown here, however, determined cheaters find ways to circumvent the surveillance of vigilant proctors. Thus, students take painstaking measures qualifying their professors as a candidate, a potential sucker, distracting them at dissenting essay follies wise, opportune moments, and apa 6 referencing phd thesis devising idiosyncratic communication systems (semiotic methods). This means that students' decisions to cheat are significantly dictated by the victimization potential of their professors, not necessarily by the relative strengths of their strains and frustrations. Previous studies of academic dishonesty have systematically identified the psychological and dissenting essay wise social variables correlated to cheating, based primarily on subjects' responses to surveys. For instance, prior researchers have adamantly maintained that students' propensity to cheat is influenced by portfolios the attitudes of their peers. However, my analysis indicates that peers are integral and collusive agents in the cheating processes, in the way academic dishonesty is dissenting essay wise manifested. Notes! Moreover, the variety of tactics used to cheat illustrates the creativity and ingenuity of students today (that is, the ones who decide to essay cheat).
Even a macro-level variable such as gender has been observed to be adapted as a micro-level situational tactic in essay on criminalisation in politics cheating scenarios. This paper also offers practical suggestions to deter academic dishonesty and enforce academic integrity during in-class exams. Traditional criminological thought suggests that the severity and swiftness of sanctions would serve as adequate deterrents (Gottfredson and Hirschi, 1990). Some institutions have adopted honor codes to deter cheating while maintaining academic integrity, a tactic that has generally been regarded as successful (McCabe and Trevino, 1993). My data, however, suggest a more routine activities approach to follies crime prevention strategies (Cohen and Felson, 1979); the first step in formulating and implementing such policies involves knowing how rule-breaking behavior is conducted (see Wright and Decker, 1994). My data suggest that cheating is either done solitarily or collusively. In the of dissertation, latter instance, paying attention to in-class group dynamics (i.e., individuals who sit and essay follies congregate together) may serve as invaluable intelligence in spotting cheaters. Teachers may want to be especially alert to recurring patterns of behavior (touching one's nose, head etc.) from students during in-class examinations. Discussion! In the former instance, it may be prudent for professors to wise know who the good students are and where they sit in order to phd thesis cast a vigilant eye on the students who sit near them (see Cisek, 1999, p. 40-43).  As my data indicate, cheaters are never far from the good students. It may also be practical to inspect ordinary items (e.g., drinks and dissenting drink containers, rubber bands) and other academic accoutrements (e.g., pens, calculators), along with non-trouble-rousing body parts (e.g., hands, arms) since they may be used as cheat sheets. Of course, certain body parts cannot—for obvious reasons—be visually inspected.
It is impossible to implement dress codes without offending the social, cultural, and perhaps, religious, sensibilities of some students. Enforcing academic integrity by limiting the opportunity for academic fraud in on criminalisation the first place is no small task, but it is essay wise one that is manageable: professors can do simple things such as making sure that desks are free of scribbled notes, that book bags are closed, that hats are removed. Further, they can look for gazes that repeatedly veer off into areas other than the test; multiple versions of exams can be administered in french small classrooms rather than auditoriums; instructors can also employ additional proctors during exams, adopting wide and essay follies fixed space seating. Referencing Phd Thesis! While fixed seating flies in the face of student autonomy, and reeks of professorial despotism, it functions as a protector of meritocratic ideology since it reduces situational opportunities for unprepared students to cheat from the beginning; that is, it hinders students from strategically placing themselves around a smart student.  It robs potential cheaters from victimizing an dissenting essay, unwitting student, a student who has—ideally— diligently toiled for the grade. Finally, I speculate as to why cheating may be so attractive to college students. Cheating, like criminal behavior in general, represents the adoption of illegitimate means of responding to a perceived frustration in the pursuit of a valued goal. As critics of strain theory have noted, however, explaining the prevalence of cheating as a function of materialistic motives ascribes an of dissertation, overly instrumental view of human behavior, and neglects the moral and emotional dimensions of rule breaking (Katz, 1988). So what non-material gain does cheating provide? We can begin by noting that the origins of students' strains and frustrations are irrelevant to the psychological and social reality of the consequences which may result. The result of dissenting wise having an overly active social life, numerous extracurricular activities, a demanding work schedule, and consequently being unable to devote the chapter of dissertation, necessary study time, is a highly stressful and anxiety producing condition.
Individuals who face such stress have at their means two alternative responses: effectuate changes in the self or the environment (Halleck, 1967). Dissenting Essay Follies Wise! Cheating represents an adaptation to that stress. The most effective way to reduce tension and stress in one's condition, according to Halleck, is through motoric activity/physical action; and portfolios resume if we apply this conceptual framework to student cheating, we can begin to see the non-material allure of cheating. As outlined in this paper and evident from my data, cheating involves a significant investment of one's time, energy, and resources; moreover, it involves a considerable amount of physical action prior to and during the essay follies, exam. That is, students have to sift through their assigned readings and notes and determine which ones they will place in the cheat sheet; not only that, they must expend great care and cunning while cramming such information into their cheat sheets; next they have to devise where and how they will store their unauthorized notes and othello essay how they will retrieve them. For a standard fifty minute exam, it is possible to spend three to four times that much time thinking, writing, and preparing to cheat. And during this process they actively—physically and mentally—become engrossed in the task at hand. That is, frustration, a highly noxious and tension producing state, is dissenting essay follies wise incrementally transformed into discussion chapter of dissertation, physical action; it is precisely during this corporeal metamorphosis that an individual senses the tingling sensations of hope (obtaining a high/passing grade), along with a non-negligible heaping of excitement and the possibility of danger (O'Malley and Mugford, 1995). But most significantly, these actions provide creative outlets for students to transform their impotent and frustrated existential situation into an autonomous mode of being in the planning, preparing, and execution of their deviant plans (see Halleck 1967, p. 77). Students who are caught cheating face embarrassment, shame, and possibly, expulsion.
Thus, the risks associated with cheating are very real. Yet, despite such formal and informal sanctions, research indicates that an astounding 60-70% of college students admit to cheating. Dissenting! I am almost certain that most (if not all) instructors have wondered why students spend their time planning, rehearsing, and executing illegitimate plans when they could spend that same time devoting themselves to their studies. A simple answer would be to say that they are lazy; that cheating constitutes an easy and immediate gratification to an otherwise pressing need. However, to view cheating as an impulsively conceived and executed form of academic dishonesty, and conceptualizing cheaters as persons lacking self control as a result of poor parenting and deficient moral training, overlooks a socio-structural fact (Gottfredson and Hirschi, 1990): cheating persists across class, race, gender, and national boundaries (Cizek, 1999). The cheating act itself is suffused with an unmistakable tinge of portfolios resume existential boundary crossings that are manifested in the corporeal, emotional, and moral experiences of cheaters (Katz, 1999). Thus, a more troubling—and theoretically titillating—answer would be to explore how cheating presents a set of morally fun challenges that students attempt to work through, that somehow, the possibility of outwitting authority figures provides an unfathomable moral and sensual delight for those who commit such acts (Forsyth and Marckese, 1993). As I have shown in this paper, students are capable of using highly innovative methods to respond to the perceived frustrations of in-class examinations, tailoring their illicit methods to their personal, social, and situational appurtenances, relying on their wits, peers, and even their sexuality. It is perhaps the allure of these moral and follies emotional challenges and gains through illegitimate means that is perhaps even more worthy of further investigation than the allure represented by the more material challenges and discussion chapter gains so often represented as underlying students' motivations to cheat. Acknowledgments: Thanks to Steve Doblin, Marilyn Hudson, Marina Klich, John LaVelle, John P. Lesko and the Plagiary referees, James Lindgren, Ralph Luker, Brenda Nichols, Leah Sims, Kevin Smith, Russell Thornton, and Kevin Vaughan.
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Machiavellianism and essay follies wise spontaneous cheating in competition. Journal of Research in Personality, 14 , 70-76. Diekhoff, G. M., E. E. LaBeff., R. E. Clark., L. E. Williams., B. Francis. and V. J. Haines. Apa 6 Referencing! (1996). Essay Wise! College cheating: Ten years later. Research in Higher Education, 27, 487-502. Drake, C. A. 1941. Why students cheat. The Journal of discussion chapter Higher Education, 12 , 418-420. Eco, U. (1976).
A Theory of Semiotics . Bloomington, IN: University of Indiana Press. Edwards, D. (2000). Extreme Case Formulations: Softeners, Investment, and dissenting essay Doing Nonliteral. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 33 (4), 347-373. Emerson, R. M., R. I. In Politics! Fretz., and L. Shaw. (1995). Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Enker, M. S. (1987). Essay Follies! Attitudinal and normative variables as predictors of cheating behavior. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 18 , 315-330.
Eskridge, C. and G. A. Portfolios! Ames. (1993). Attitudes about cheating and self-reported cheating behaviors of criminal justice majors and non-criminal justice majors: A research note. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 4, 65-78. Eve, R. A. and D. G. Bromley. (1981). Scholastic dishonesty among college undergraduates: Parallel tests of two sociological explanations.
Youth and Society, 13, 3-22. Ferrell, C. M. and L. G. Daniel. (1995). A frame of reference for understanding behaviors related to the academic misconduct of undergraduate teacher education students. Research in Higher Education, 36, 345-375. Flynn, S., M. Reichard and S. Slane. (1987). Cheating as a function of task outcome and Machiavellianism.
The Journal of Psychology, 121 , 423-427. Forsyth, C. and T. Essay Follies Wise! A. Markese. (1993). Thrills and skills: A sociological analysis of poaching. Deviant Behavior, 14 (2), 57-172. Franklyn-Stokes, A. and study report S. A. Newstead. (1995). Undergraduate cheating: Who does what and Why? Studies in Higher Education, 20, 159-172. Genereux, R. L. and dissenting essay follies wise B. A. Mcleod. (1995).
Circumstances surrounding cheating: A questionnaire study of college students. Research in Higher Education, 36 , 687-704. Gottfredson, M. Essay! R. and T. Hirschi. Dissenting Follies! (1990). A General Theory of Crime . Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Graham, M. A., J. Monday, K. O'Brien and essay S. Steffen. (1994). Cheating at small colleges: An examination of dissenting follies wise student and apa 6 referencing faculty attitudes and behaviors. Journal of College Student Development, 35, 255-260. Haines, V. J., G. M. Diekhoff, E. E. Labeff and R. E. Clark. (1986).
College cheating: Immaturity, lack of follies commitment, and of dissertation the neutralizing attitude. Research in essay follies Higher Education, 25, 342-354. Halleck, S. (1971). Psychiatry and the Dilemmas of Crime . Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Hetherington, E. Case Study Report! M. and S. E. Feldman. Dissenting! (1964). College cheating as a function of subject and essay situational variables. Journal of essay follies Educational Psychology, 55, 212-218. Hollinger, R. C. and L. Lanza-Kaduce. (1996).
Academic dishonesty and apa 6 referencing the perceived effectiveness of countermeasures: An empirical survey of cheating at a major public university. NASPA Journal, 33 , 292-306. Houston, J. Dissenting Essay Follies! P. (1976). Phd Thesis! The assessment and prevention of answer copying on essay, undergraduate multiple-choice examinations. Apa 6 Referencing! Research in dissenting essay Higher Education, 5, 301-311. Houston, J. P. (1977). Chapter Of Dissertation! Learning, opportunity to cheat, and amount of reward. Journal of Experimental Education, 45 , 30-35. Houston, J. P. (1983).
College classroom cheating, threat, sex and prior performance. College Student Journal, 17 , 229-235. Houston, J. P. (1986). Dissenting Essay Wise! Survey corroboration of experimental findings on classroom cheating behavior. College Students Journal, 20, 168-173. Jacobs, B. (1999). Dealing Crack: The Social World of Streetcorner Selling . Resume! Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press. Jacobs, B. (2000).
Robbing Drug Dealers: Violence Beyond the Law . Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press. Jacobs, B. and J. Miller. (1998). Crack Dealing, Gender, and Arrest Avoidance. Social Problems, 45, 550-566. Johnson, R. E. and M. S. Dissenting Essay Follies! Klores. (1968).
Attitudes toward cheating as function of classroom dissatisfaction and peer norms. The Journal of Educational Research, 62 , 60-64. Karlins, M., C. Discussion Of Dissertation! Michaels and dissenting essay follies wise S. Podlogar. (1988). An empirical investigation of actual cheating in a large sample of undergraduates. Research in Higher Education, 29 , 359-364. Katz, J. (1988). Seductions of Crime . Financial Study Report! New York: Basic Books.
Katz, J. Dissenting Essay Wise! (1999). Apa 6 Referencing Phd Thesis! How Emotions Work . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Kelly, J. A. and L. Worrell. (1978). Personality characteristics, parent's behaviors, and dissenting follies wise sex of subject in relation to cheating. Journal of Research in Personality, 12, 179-188. LaBeff, E. E., R. E. Clark, V. J. Haines, and G. M. Diekhoff. (1990). Apa 6 Referencing Phd Thesis! Situational ethics and college student cheating. Dissenting Essay Follies! Sociological Inquiry, 60 , 190-198. Leo, R. A. (1996).
Miranda's revenge: Police interrogation as a confidence game. Law and Society Review, 30 (2), 259-288. McCabe, D. L. 1992. Sample! The influence of situational ethics on cheating among college students. Sociological Inquiry, 62, 365-374. McCabe, D. L. and W. J. Dissenting! Bowers. Discussion Of Dissertation! (1994).
Academic dishonesty among males in college: A thirty year perspective. Journal of College Student Development, 35 , 5-10. McCabe, D. L. and essay wise L. K. Trevino. (1993). Academic dishonesty: Honor codes and other contextual influences. Journal of study report Higher Education, 64 , 522-538. McCabe, D. L. and L. K. Trevino. (1996). What we know about cheating in college: Longitudinal trends and recent developments. Change, 28 , 28-33. Merton, R. K. (1938). Social structure and anomie.
American Sociological Review, 3 , 672-682. Michaels, J. W. and T. D. Miethe. (1989). Applying theories of follies wise deviance to sample academic cheating. Social Science Quarterly, 70, 870-885. Newstead, S. E., A. Follies! Franklyn-Stokes and P. Armstead. Report! (1996). Wise! Individual differences in student cheating. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88 , 229-241. O'Malley, P. and S. Mugford. (1995). Crime, excitement, and modernity. French! In Varieties of wise Criminology (pp. Sample French! 189-211).
Westport, CN: Praeger. Schab, F. (1991). Essay Wise! Schooling without learning: Thirty years of cheating in high school. Adolescence, 26, 61-69. Smith, T. (2000). Challenging Academe's Mystique: Applying Criminological Theories to College Student Cheating.
Ph.D. Dissertation. Chapter Of Dissertation! University at Albany, State University of New York: School of Criminal Justice. Spillar, S. and D. H. Essay Wise! Crown. (1995). Changes over time in academic dishonesty at the collegiate level. Essay! Psychological Reports, 76 , 763-768. Ward, D. A. and W. Essay Follies Wise! L. Beck. (1990). Gender and dishonesty.
The Journal of Social Psychology, 130, 333-339. Whitley, B. E. Jr., A. B. Jones and discussion chapter of dissertation C. Dissenting Essay! J. Jones. Notes! (1999). Gender differences in cheating attitudes and classroom cheating behavior: A meta analysis. Sex Roles 41 (9/10), 657-680. Wright, R. and S. Decker. (1997).
Armed Robbers in Action: Stickups and Street Culture . Dissenting Essay Wise! Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press. Wright, R. and discussion S. Essay Wise! Decker. (1994). Burglars on the Job: Streetlife and Residential Break-ins . Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press. Wright, J. C. and R. Kelly. (1974). Cheating: Student/faculty views and responsibility. Improving College and University Teaching, 22 , 31-34.
1. Portfolios! Smith (2000: 160) concludes: Among all variables examined low self-control possessed the greatest predictive power. This study finds encouraging support for the theory's ability to explain another form of dissenting follies misconduct among the many that have already been investigated. Thus, the predictive breadth and othello notes scope of self-control lends further credence to its claims of theoretical generality. 2. The respondents were asked to dissenting essay identify only their gender to examine if tactical differences existed between the case report, two sexes. 3. When I initially mentioned this technique to colleagues, they seemed to be genuinely impressed. In fact, some female colleagues expressed chagrin that they had not thought of it when they were in school. Dissenting Essay! But more importantly, when they were asked—both male and female—what they would do if they witnessed such behavior in their classes, most replied that they would do nothing. And for good reason: they stated that gathering evidence to support their accusations (e.g., asking them to lift up their skirt to check for answers) would be nothing short of french essay sexual harassment. Practically, I am not sure what can be done to prevent such cheating except to institute a dress code on exam days, forbidding females from wearing skirts; but such a code would encounter obvious legal problems. Theoretically, male students could do the dissenting wise, same to female professors; but in my data, I encountered no such creativity on the part of the male students. One female colleague stated that she would confront male students who wrote cheat sheets near their sensitive areas.
4. I am aware that this recommendation leads to another theoretical quagmire, one that now merely adds a label as a function of spatial proximity, not necessarily independent behavior. 5. Of course, this suggestion is financial report based on the assumption that the exams will not be administered in a large auditorium that seat 500 plus students; moreover, it assumes that students who are forced to sit in a certain order will not form alliances and collusions of sorts. Phillip C. H. Follies! Shon is an apa 6, Assistant Professor of Criminology at Indiana State University.
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50 Inspiring Resume Designs: And What You Can Learn From Them. Essay! Your resume or CV may be one of the most important projects you ever design. It can make or break job applications, open doors to new careers, make a great (or dismal) first impression. When you send out your resume, you’re really sending out a piece of yourself. So make sure it’s representing you to portfolios, your best advantage. Essay Wise! Just like how you dress your best for an interview, it’s important to give your resume the referencing phd thesis same treatment — to make sure it’s polished and presentable. The 50 resume designs below span a wide range of styles, from strictly businesslike to ultra creative — browse through them to get some ideas for updating your own resume. Designing your own is easy with our wide collection of beautiful resume templates. Click the image to dissenting essay follies wise, see more resume templates.
Starting off your resume strong with a bold header, like in this design by Shed Labs for Loft Resumes, draws attention to your name and apa 6 referencing makes it more memorable. You can also include a few keywords or descriptors under your name that sum up who you are as a candidate. Dissenting Essay Follies! This chessboard-style layout is certainly striking, giving each category its own distinct space. But Mikha Makhoul’s resume is still somewhat subdued thanks to the simple black-and-white color scheme; it doesn’t sacrifice professionalism for visual interest. Some well-placed shadows can make your resume pop, literally — giving it a 3D appearance and creating the illusion of french essay, depth.
Errol Veloso explains how he chose the essay wise colors of his design purposefully: blue to symbolize his creative side and referencing phd thesis red to symbolize his analytic side. Try using shapes and frames for emphasis. Dissenting Follies! You can experiment with geometric shapes (circles, squares, rectangles), ribbons, or solid or dashed lines. Here, Michael Long frames his name and essay his role to help them stand out. A cohesive color scheme of cool blues and minty hues gives this information-packed, infographic-style resume by Joseph Acena a visual theme and an orderly, coordinated look. Using a horizontal orientation (instead of the traditional vertical format) immediately gives your resume an edge in terms of attracting attention.
Other strong points of dissenting wise, this design by Justin Schueler include a balanced, un-crowded layout and plenty of negative space. There seems to essay on criminalisation in politics, be a trend, at least in industries where you can take some risks with your resume, to essay follies, forget the stuffy business lingo and show that there’s a human behind the piece of paper. Using a more conversational tone, as David Elgena has done with his “Hello, nice to french, meet you. Here’s a little about me” header at dissenting follies wise, the top of this resume, may help you create rapport with the person who’s reviewing your application before you even meet them. This resume by Kyle Robertson features a custom crest with Kyle’s name and othello essay a catchy tagline. Creating a distinctive personal brand or style for yourself (such as a personal logo, a color scheme, a nice selection of fonts, etc.) gives your work an extra sheen of professionalism (and an opportunity to show off your abilities). Plus, once you put the essay work in, this “brand” is on criminalisation, something you can use over and over again — on letterhead, business cards, social media profiles, you name it. For a unique take on dissenting traditional resume colors, try light text on a dark background, as Abdullah Al Mamun has done here.
Just make sure that your font is weighty enough to be easily readable and not get lost against the background. This clean resume by essay, Patrick Rogan uses a bright splash of color and whittles down the information to wise, only the basics (skills and past positions). Icons in the skills section provide a visual reference that still complements the discussion chapter of dissertation simplistic style. Printing your resume on textured paper can give an impression of quality, craftsmanship, or luxury. Follies! If a color other than white seems inappropriate for on criminalisation, your industry, try a white or cream-colored paper with a slight texture for an ultra-professional, upscale look. Dissenting Wise! This example by S.N. Carter, printed on a recycled or kraft-style paper, gives the resume a custom, hand-printed feel. When applying for apa 6 referencing phd thesis, a position where a more creative approach isn’t appropriate, it’s always a safe bet to opt for a simple, text-based resume with clean fonts.
Here, Frank Schamhart has embellished his resume slightly with minimal use of an accent color and follies wise a small personal portrait. If you’re after a job in the arts or some other highly visual industry, make your resume a mini portfolio like illustrator Rianti Hidayat has done here. Bradley Brooks keeps his resume businesslike with a classic black-and-white color scheme, but livens things up with a modular layout and a personal logo. Case Study! Infographic-style resumes have become popular, and they can be effective when done well. But they should be more than a collection of pretty pictures; the images should, at a glance, tell something about you and complement or enhance the text, like in this resume design by Rachel Winter. Essay Wise! If you’re seeking work in financial study an industry where appearance is dissenting, important, or the job has asked you to include a portrait, try integrating it into your resume.
It doesn’t have to be the case study center of attention, though — you can make it a bit more subtle by dissenting essay, using a small picture or placing it behind a colored screen, like in Egotype’s resume template. Othello Notes! Mailing out some resumes? Make opening yours up a memorable experience, like Amber Van Mieghem has done with this clever folding resume. Wishing you could infuse a little creativity into your plain, corporate resume? Try a monogram with your initials, like Bill Mawhinney has done for wise, this resume template. It adds a little style while still keeping the overall presentation very businesslike. You can use the portfolios resume same graphic on your cover letter to give your application a polished, pulled-together look. If you have some creative leeway in creating your resume, using a non-rectangular shape will be sure to attract attention, like John Mujica’s round resume does here. If you do format your resume in essay follies wise any unusual shape, just make sure all the phd thesis text is essay follies, readable.
You’ve only got one name. Make it memorable. If it’s unique, highlight it. Notes! Make it big and bold, like Fredrik Andresen did on follies his resume. Give the french hiring manager something to zero in on. Your font choices can change the whole character of your resume. For instance, the rounded fonts with soft edges that Louis Omari has used for his resume have a more casual, friendly feel than sharper, serif fonts might have. Need to dissenting wise, show your qualifications on the run? Post your resume online and make it mobile-friendly, like Julien Renvoye has done. Financial Case! You can include your resume on your personal website or even post it to networking platforms like LinkedIn. Use blocks of color and/or lines to separate different sections of your resume, give it structure, and follies wise make it easy to navigate visually.
This template from Beautiful Resumes features vibrant colors, but you could just as easily get the same effect with a more subtle color scheme. If you’re going the infographic route, think of effective ways that you can use different types of referencing phd thesis, graphs to represent your skills, experience, or background, like Martin Suster did here. Organizing your resume with columns, like this three-column layout Anton Yermolov used, keeps the dissenting follies information tidy, creates clear divisions between sections, and helps you keep everything sharply aligned. Use a sidebar in your resume to call attention to extra (or extra important) information that you want to highlight. Here, Ola Hamdy used a colored sidebar to othello, separate her personal and contact information from her educational and professional details. Although this resume design is text-heavy, Gershom Charig mixes things up with a two-color scheme and dissenting essay follies a word cloud to creatively represent the breadth of his skills and experience. Similar in function to the word cloud above, various sizes of circles represent Silviu Schiau’s proficiency in various areas, such as management and othello essay notes design. Dissenting Essay! The size of the circles corresponds with his amount of experience — a fresh way to illustrate core competencies. Give the person looking at your resume an sample french essay, excuse to find out dissenting wise, more about you. Including a link to your website or portfolio (or even a QR code, as Krysten Newby has done here) acts as a good prompt.
If your job history includes working for on criminalisation, big companies with recognizable logos, feature them on your resume. Dissenting Essay Follies! Tamas Leb has included space to apa 6 referencing, do so on this resume template, and dissenting follies it makes an impressive statement, even at apa 6 phd thesis, a glance. For creative resumes, a theme can give you a starting point to build a one-of-a-kind design and essay think about innovative ways to present your information. Discussion Chapter Of Dissertation! Here, Peter Kisteman’s laboratory theme makes a strong visual statement and gives his artistic background a scientific, experimental dimension. Putting your resume in a folder or other kind of holder gives you more space to showcase your experience and accomplishments, plus the extra tactile feature makes it memorable, as with this design from S1M. Follies! The vertical timeline on the outside offers an immediate visual representation of the candidate’s career history. This traditional black, white, and gray design by Brice Seraphin brightens up quite nicely with some turquoise as an accent. This can be done with any color (and you may want to tone it down depending on your industry), but vibrant hues have particular impact.
Besides being another nice example of using an accent color, this design by Adam Rozmus keeps things clean and simple, showing that resumes don’t have to be fancy to make a good impression. If competition is stiff, try standing out with a resume package that gives you some space to demonstrate your abilities, develop a personal brand, and include more information than the limited area of a one-page resume allows for. Sample Essay! Here, Sabrae Precure uses a distinct color scheme and custom illustrations to stand out from the crowd. Dissenting Follies! This resume by Gabriel Valdivia combines a traditional format (the typical positions, dates, and short descriptions) with pictorial elements that provide a more personal touch. As if to say that a normal paper resume just won’t cut it, Alison Root got clever with her resume presentation, which demonstrates that she thinks outside the box. This sample resume from Rahul Chakraborty features bold typography and french bright colors for a high-impact look that will make people take notice.
There may be times when it’s ok to let your sense of humor shine through in your resume; it makes you more relatable, more likable. For instance, check out the pronunciation guide Nick Iannuccilli provided for his difficult last name. Using a border is dissenting follies wise, a good way to add a little bit of apa 6 referencing phd thesis, color to your resume, as Evelien Callens has done here, without worrying about dissenting essay wise, looking unprofessional. Stylistically, this design is a good compromise between customary and more creative resumes. The two-color, mostly traditional layout uses graphic elements sparingly but purposefully. As a nice touch, Dan Hernandez has branded his cover letter with the portfolios resume same style, which is a smart idea if your job application involves submitting multiple documents. Sometimes you have to do what you can to get noticed. For an illustrator like Lucia Paul, hand-drawing her resume is essay wise, both appropriate for her industry and gives her a standout way to display her skills. Study Report! Big, bold typography, a high-contrast color scheme, and a well-organized presentation all combine to make sure Joao Andrade’s resume gets looked at.
No long-winded explanations of essay follies wise, job roles here. Just the essentials — enough to get someone interested in wanting to know more about Gianina Santiago and her background. French Essay! Clean, sans-serif fonts, relatively little text, and lots of white space give Maxat Malbekov’s resume a sleek look that’s easy to dissenting follies, achieve if you condense your resume down to othello, only the most relevant information. Dissenting Follies Wise! If you have a lot of essay notes, information you need to fit on one page, take a tip from this design by Halle Rasco and use easy-to-read fonts and clear headings for each section. Dissenting Wise! Need to keep your resume fairly conservative?
A two-column layout with a businesslike blue-gray accent color gives this otherwise traditional resume from ResumeBaker some extra interest. Syril Bobadilla’s illustrations are whimsical and kid-friendly, and her resume reflects that style. Notice how she also created matching business cards for a cohesive personal brand. Even if your industry doesn’t allow as much creative expression as someone in apa 6 the arts, you can express your personality in more subtle ways, like through font choices or an accent color. Resumes don’t always have to read from left to dissenting essay follies, right, top to bottom. Resume! You can play with the layout of your resume to dissenting essay wise, make the best and most visually interesting use of the space you have available, like Milena Filipova has done here. You can use a grid structure to organize your resume and make it easier to navigate, similarly to how Orlando Silva designed this template. Essay! If applicable, you might also try including some pieces from your portfolio right on the resume (so your abilities are on display at first glance). As you can see from the examples above, there are many approaches you can take to designing your resume. Dissenting Essay Wise! But no matter what style or format you choose, there are a few things you want to make sure to case report, get right: Readable text Industry-appropriate style (if unsure, play it safe with a conservative design.) Updated and accurate information No spelling/grammar errors.
Now it#8217;s your turn. Dissenting Essay Follies Wise! Put these skills into othello, action! Bring great design to your entire workplace. Janie is a freelance writer and graphic designer and wise the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on referencing her background in dissenting wise art to resume, explore design. and loved it. Now, she enjoys finding ways to combine the craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of graphic design. Design The Perfect Google+ Banner Image With Tips And E. Dissenting Follies! 50 Unique and Engaging About Us Pages to Inspire You. These Are Some of The Most Beautiful Album Covers We#8. Resume! Graphic Design From Around the World: Spanish Design. Follies Wise! 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for Contemporary Desi.
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Yahoo!-ABC News Network | 2017 ABC News Internet Ventures. All rights reserved. Read the Official Rules for the Great 'GMA' Car Giveaway Contest. We know you love starting your day with Good Morning America. Now tuning in could really pay off … as you could drive off in a shiny new Mazda. How's that for Zoom Zoom! Just watch Good Morning America every day between Nov.
4 and follies, 8, 2013. Then, go to Goodmorningamerica.com to essay on criminalisation, enter The Great GMA Car Giveaway Contest. Correctly answer one question about each of dissenting essay wise those five shows, and tell us why you or someone you're nominating deserves to win one of three 2014 Mazdas. Three selected winners from eligible finalist entries will each be surprised with a Mazda live on Good Morning America this November. NO PURCHASE NECESSARY TO ENTER OR WIN . Contest sponsored by portfolios resume, Good Morning America (GMA) and American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. (ABC), (collectively, the Sponsors). Entrants to, Nominees for, and Winners of Good Morning America's THE GREAT GMA CAR GIVEAWAY Contest (Contest) must be currently legal residents of the dissenting essay follies, 48 contiguous United States or the financial case, District of dissenting wise Columbia, and 18 (eighteen) years old or older. Winners must have a valid driver's license and be available to receive notification of winning in a live appearance on Good Morning America on or about November 18 – 20, 2013.
Any individuals (including but not limited to employees, consultants, independent contractors, and portfolios resume, interns) who have, within the past six months, performed services for the Sponsors, any organizations responsible for dissenting follies, sponsoring, fulfilling, administering, advertising or promoting the Contest or supplying the prize, and their respective parent, subsidiary, affiliated and successor companies, and immediate family and household members of such individuals, are not eligible to discussion of dissertation, enter. Dissenting Follies! Immediate family members shall mean parents, step-parents, children, step-children, siblings, step-siblings, or spouses. Household members shall mean people who share the same residence at least three months a year. Contest Period and Contest Entry Period : THE GREAT GMA CAR GIVEAWAY Contest begins at portfolios resume, 7:00 am Eastern Time (ET) on essay, November 4, 2013 and ends at othello essay notes, 8:00 p.m. ET on November 8, 2013 (the Contest Period). Each of the 7 – 9 am Good Morning America broadcasts from Monday, November 4 through Friday, November 8, 2013 will contain one piece of information that Entrants will need in order to correctly answer the dissenting wise, multiple choice questions on the Entry Form. Good Morning America will signal viewers during each broadcast which segment (Key Segment) will contain this information in one or more of the following ways: a) an on-air graphic which might include a sound effect, b) a verbal mention by one of the Good Morning America anchors and/or c) a physical prop such as a key or remote control car. The Contest Entry Period begins as soon as the Key Segment on Friday, November 8, 2013 has been completed in the Eastern Time Zone (ET) and ends at 8:00 p.m. Resume! ET on November 8, 2013 (the Contest Entry Period).
Sponsors' computer is the official clock for this Contest. To enter the contest on wise, Friday, November 8, 2013, navigate the Internet to www.goodmorningamerica.com and click on the link for on criminalisation, THE GREAT GMA CAR GIVEAWAY Contest which will take you to essay wise, the Contest home page. There you will find instructions on french essay, the appropriate and acceptable file formats and sizes for essay, submitting your entry electronically. You must answer all five multiple choice questions on the Entry Form, each of which is based on one day's broadcast of resume ABC-TV's Good Morning America from November 4 through November 8, 2013. Essay Follies! Enter, in order, the letter or number corresponding to each of your answers into the Trivia Code box on the Entry Form. You must also submit an portfolios resume essay, no more than 300 words, stating why you or the essay wise, person you are nominating deserves to win a Mazda vehicle on a live broadcast of Good Morning America. You warrant and represent that all of the Materials submitted by you are original to you (and not based on or derived from any other materials), that you own all necessary rights in and to the Materials which are fully transferable, and that you are not subject to essay notes, any agreement which would interfere with your ability to enter into this Contest or grant all of the rights to be provided hereunder.
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essay on reflexivity Reflexivity as said by Timmins is “Critical reflexiveness informs critical action and dissenting essay follies wise analysis. and essay in politics contributes to the overall apprehension of a situation” ( Timmins. 2006. p. 53 ) . There are many events and experiences that I would wish to believe about reflexively but I think the 1 that sticks out in my head the follies most was my relationship with Joe* . and how bad it ended. Although the case report relationship did terminal. there were a batch of dissenting, things that I learned from it. I guess I truly should hold known from the start that things were non traveling to travel swimmingly. The lone ground I had this feeling is because I frequently feel like I have a 6th sense about cats and the state of affairss I seem to acquire myself in. The intent of portfolios, this paper is to analyse this experience reflexively and use constructs learned this semester to it. Written Analysis: Reflexivity of an Experience. It all started on a confab line that was provided by MSN in 2003.
I had merely moved to BC non excessively long before the chatting started. and was experiencing truly lonely. particularly populating on Salt Spring. Since I did non turn up at that place I did non hold a friend base and had to trust on dissenting follies the cyberspace for amusement for portfolios, the clip being. So I started speaking to some random people and one of them was Joe. a 21 twelvemonth old 6’4 ruddy caput cat. ne’er thought I would wish a ruddy headed cat but I did. He was so charming and truly nice. and shortly the essay wise speaking on the computing machine turned into speaking on the phone. The lone job was that he lived in Delta. This would intend that one of us would hold to transpose if we were to get down a relationship. and since he did non hold a driver’s license that person would be me. After a few months of transposing we decided that it would be for the best if I moved to case study report Vancouver and dissenting follies wise live at that place with him. My move was to go on sample at the terminal of February. as I had to give notice at my current employer and happen a new one in Delta. The first mark that there would be problem in our relationship was a twosome of weekends before I moved to dissenting essay follies wise Delta. It was Valentine’s Day and we were acquiring ready to travel out for dinner when the phone rang.
It happened to in politics be his “friend” who was holding problem in wise, her relationship. and she was disquieted that he could non remain and speak to her. I got truly upset that he was speaking to referencing another miss on Valentine’s Day. non because I was covetous. but because it was our vacation and we ended up being late for our reserves at dissenting follies wise, the eating house. All was forgiven largely because I do non look to hold a back bone when it comes to relationships so I merely allow it skid. This decidedly ended up coming back to seize with teeth me large clip. because a five months down the route I happened to read a conversation he had with the same “friend” and the conversation sounded nil like it would if he had a girlfriend. The “friend” was non even cognizant that a girlfriend existed at portfolios resume, the clip. about a twelvemonth into our relationship. I confronted him and dissenting essay follies besides sent her a message stating her that he has a girlfriend who would appreciate that they stopped speaking like they did. In Politics. He did non deny anything alternatively he apologized and acted like prince capturing for the following twosome of months. I feel that my biggest error happened at this clip for even giving him another opportunity. particularly since my trust had been broken so severely. The sap in love that I was once more I gave him a opportunity and ended up acquiring burned for it. Three months after that incident my ma offered to take me back to Yugoslavia for a visit to essay follies my grandparents whom I had non seen since 1995.
I was more than excited and thought that things were traveling good between Joe and me. Again I could non hold been more incorrect. From this relationship I learned that non merely am I a door mat for case, people to pass over off their soiled pess but besides person who can be lied to over and over once more because I would maintain giving opportunities. Since we were coming back on Wednesday I had decided to name Joe on the Friday earlier merely to see how things were and to allow him cognize what clip I would be coming back. When he picked up the phone I could state something was wholly long.
Siting in the phone booth at follies, the station office. watching the metre go up every 2nd I felt as though my bosom and tummy may come out of my pharynx. The ill feeling came over notes me when he said that he was out essay follies wise with his “friend” and case she had come over to the house where we lived. At this point I was speechless. and he said to me “this is non working for me and dissenting essay follies I merely do non desire a girlfriend any longer. ” My first reaction was why he waited until now to state me this alternatively of merely stating me before I left for essay notes, my trip. Wise. When I asked him his response was “I wanted you to hold a good holiday! ” At this point I had racked up a phone measure of approximately 50 Canadian dollars. and had said “fine I will come back and travel out. Discussion Chapter. ” I cried the whole manner back to my grandmother’s house. non because I was said that it ended but because of how it was handled by essay follies wise him. I had to name my foreman and state him that Thursday would be my last twenty-four hours at work. which I felt atrocious about because I truly loved working at that place.
There were a batch of feelings that I felt besides choler. I felt ashamed that I would hold to be traveling back into my parents topographic point after populating off from place. Sample French Essay. I felt that they would keep this over my caput for a long clip. They have the wont of utilizing I told you so. whenever I did the antonym of what they told me to make. That was the dissenting essay follies last thing I needed from them at discussion, this clip. I needed their support and apprehension. In the terminal. the terminal of this relationship meant a whole new get downing for my life. and had it non happened I would non be populating the life that I presently have. A immense portion of me felt betrayed. and essay another portion of me learned that I should non swear people so easy. Othello Essay. or be speedy to give them 2nd opportunities. Besides I learned that sometimes it is better to be entirely so be in a toxic relationship.
Critical Scrutiny. As stated in Doane #038; A ; Varcoe. self-observation and paying attending to the ideas. emotions. and bodily responses one is holding at any minute. the opportunity to reflexively look at dissenting wise, those responses and expression at how you would move or react is portfolios resume created ( Doane #038; A ; Varcoe. Dissenting. 2005. p. Apa 6 Referencing Phd Thesis. 204 ) . This acquisition has helped me to critically look back on dissenting essay the experience and it allowed me to better analyse the emotions I was experiencing at the clip. Because self-observation and self-awareness is non frequently viewed as something that can be wholly attained. it is of import to see it as changeless journey of find ( Jack #038; A ; Smith. 2007. p. French. 50 ) . The lessons learned in this semester have allowed me to invariably turn in my journey to dissenting essay detect myself through self-observation. The three chief constructs that resonate in this journey are values and beliefs. emotional responses. and bodily esthesiss that are being experiences because of events or experiences. Not merely can these points be applied to my nursing pattern but besides to on criminalisation the experience which I described antecedently. The beliefs and values that I gained a stronger appreciation of because of essay follies wise, my acquisition in Nursing 160. is to resume be true who you are and to travel with your initial inherent aptitude when it comes to people. Dissenting Follies Wise. Since this experiences occurred I have tried to make my best and notes non to dissenting follies wise allow my bosom lead the manner. Sample Essay. but alternatively to essay wise listen to the voice deep inside me that said that possibly this was non the greatest thought. and that I would acquire burned if I continued on discussion chapter the way.
My beliefs besides tell me that I should non allow this experience ruin all the other fantastic times that I had with Joe. Although he did ache me really much. I believe in Karma and wise it all came back around to french him. My values after I am no longer in a relationship with person. biased in a manner because I am so blinded by choler. I need to take clip for follies, myself and for my mental health in order to sample french essay be able to dissenting wise be okay with speaking to that individual once more. My emotional responses have besides been enhanced. and looking back now. the responses that I had may hold all been legitimate but they were non decently channelled.
There was a clip that after the essay on criminalisation experience I had felt commiseration on myself and that I would ne’er be good plenty for anyone to handle me decently. I think that this response was jaded by essay wise the fact that I was so wounded. From the cognition I have gained. Discussion Chapter Of Dissertation. I now see that no affair how severely you are treated I am deserving holding the best relationship possible. So my new response to dissenting essay follies wise the result of this experience would be that I am happy that I do non hold to be in a state of affairs where I am made to experience bad about myself and bad about caring for others more than they may care for me.
As mentioned before the feeling of my bosom being in my pharynx was a manner that my organic structure felt when the experience was at the flood tide. I feel that this may be the apa 6 phd thesis lone response that would non alter based on the cognition gained about self-observation. The ground being. in dissenting follies, my sentiment. is that everyone needs a manner that they deal with sad or horrifying or heartbreaking intelligence. I feel that whenever something bad happens to phd thesis me I have a reaction where I lose my appetency. and all I would desire to make is kip. No affair what experience I have had since so or in dissenting essay follies wise, the last few yearss even this is how I would respond. so I do non needfully think that I would make things otherwise. Conscious engagement in chapter, the nowadays has allowed me to follies look deeper into the experience that I have had and has besides taught me non to do the same errors once more. I think that if this state of sample french, affairs were to go on once more I would be a batch more self-aware and besides I would be a batch more unfastened to inquire inquiries of follies, my spouse and discussion of dissertation non merely let them to dissenting essay wise brush things under the phd thesis carpet as if everything was O.K. . Dissenting Essay Wise. There are three constructs that tie together to organize the case study report umbrella that is the witting engagement of the events which occur in people’s lives. Those consist of dissenting follies wise, self-knowing. heedfulness. and intentionality. Although heedfulness is an ancient Buddhist pattern it does non merely use to that civilization or faith.
It merely means we have to analyze who we are. with inquiring what is discussion of dissertation our position of the universe and where and how we fit into it. while at the same clip we appreciate the fact that we are alive and good ( Kabat-Zinn. J. . Essay Follies Wise. 1994 ) . At this clip being aware of my past experience to me means that there is a ground that things worked out the othello essay notes manner they did. and even though there are things I would make otherwise this clip about. does non intend that it will wipe out what has already happened. I think that this accomplishment will come in dissenting, ready to study report hand when covering with certain clients in the infirmaries every bit good. The manner I think this would use is follies wise that I need to larn how non to brood on past experiences when faced with new challenges. These challenges could besides show themselves in the ways of self-knowing. In my sentiment the significance of on criminalisation in politics, self-knowing has a batch to make with being in the minute now and non seeking to dissenting essay follies look excessively far into the hereafter or excessively far into othello essay notes the yesteryear. Looking at myself today I can state that I have grown up since the experience. Dissenting Essay Wise. but at the same clip I feel that the experience has made me the individual who I am today. You have to be able to swear yourself whenever you are faced with a tough determination or come across an experience that may alter you. Apa 6 Referencing. Trust in the fact that I will do the right determination. and even if I do non the lone individual that it is traveling to impact is me. The construct of intentionality seems sort of foreign to me and I truly do non cognize if I understand it wholly.
The manner I would hold felt about the experience now that I am in dissenting follies, the present I do non believe would alter from what I was experiencing at the clip. What I was feeling was there was jobs but I feel that I did non desire to believe that things could stop so I avoided the issue. Had I non avoided the issue would things hold worked out french essay otherwise? It makes me experience really powerless when it comes to the control factor of the dissenting essay wise state of affairs. I was overseas so there was nil that I could make to protract the inevitable. The things that I do know are that I felt like a sap and I felt that I had been taken advantage of for a twelvemonth of my life.
As stated in Doane and Varcoe. “reflexive procedure and the information it affords has served as an chapter of import compass alarming me to when I need to halt and essay follies wise reflect” ( Doane #038; A ; Varcoe. 2005. p164 ) . Decision. In decision this paper discussed a personal experience which I reflexively analyzed based on the cognition that I gained in my Nursing 160 class. I feel that it has given me great insight into the manner I dealt with the state of affairs and besides the things I would make otherwise or the same should the state of affairs re-occur. I besides believe that these covered subjects will be important to my nursing pattern and it will merely move as great leaping platform in my ability to cover with client’s demands and essay in politics their ain tests and trials. Doane. G. H. . #038; A ; Varcoe. C. ( 2005 ) . The accomplishment of reflexiveness. Dissenting Essay. Family Nursing as Relational Inquiry: Developing Health-Promoting Practice. ( pp. 149-171 ) . Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams #038; A ; Wilkins.
Doane. G. Resume. H. . #038; A ; Varcoe. C. ( 2005 ) . Relational pattern in context. Family Nursing as Relational Inquiry: Developing Health-Promoting Practice. ( pp. 240-242 ) . Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams #038; A ; Wilkins. Dissenting Essay Wise. Jack. K. . #038; A ; Smith. A. ( 2007 ) . Promoting self-awareness in french essay, nurses to better nursing pattern. Nursing Standard. Wise. 21 ( 32 ) . 47-52.
Retrieved November 12. 2010 from essay on criminalisation hypertext transfer protocol: //libsecure. camosun. bc. ca:2443/login? url=http: //search. ebscohost. com/login. aspx direct=true #038; A ; db=c8h #038; A ; AN=2009571771 #038; A ; login. asp #038; A ; site=ehost-live Kabat-Zinn. Dissenting Essay Follies. J. ( 1994 ) . Resume. Wherever you go. there you are. ( pp. 3-13 ) . New York: Hyperion Shafir. R. Z. Dissenting Essay. ( 2000 ) . The Zen of listening: aware communicating in portfolios, the age of dissenting follies wise, distraction. ( pp. 13-23 ) . Wheaton.