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C Tutorial File I/O (using text files) The file I/O functions and types in the C language are straightforward and easy to understand. To make use of these functions and types you have to include the stdio library. (Like we already did in most of the tutorials). The file I/O functions in the stdio library are: The fopen library function is used to open a text file. You also have to use a specified mode when you open a file. The three most common modes used are read (r), write (w), and append (a). Take a look at an example: So let#8217;s take a look at the example: The fopen statement opens a file #8220;output.txt#8221; in vita, the write (w) mode.
If the file does not exist it will be created. But you must be careful! If the masters thesis proposal, file exists, it will be destroyed and a new file is created instead. The fopen command returns a pointer to the file, which is phd dissertation, stored in the variable ptr_file. If the short best government, file cannot be opened (for some reason) the variable ptr_file will contain NULL. The if statement after de fopen, will check if the phd dissertation, fopen was successful. If the fopen was not successful, the program will return a one. (Indicating that something has gone wrong). This for loop will count to ten, starting from democracy best government, one. The fprintf statement should look very familiar to you. It can be almost used in the same way as printf. The only new thing is phd dissertation, that it uses the file pointer as its first parameter.
The fclose statement will close the thesis, file. This command must be given, especially when you are writing files. So don#8217;t forget it. You have to be careful that you don#8217;t type #8220;close#8221; instead of #8220;fclose#8221;, because the close function exists. But the close function does not close the files correctly. Vita! (If there are a lot of files open but not closed properly, the program will eventually run out of file handles and/or memory space and crash.) If you want to read a file you have to open it for reading in the read (r) mode. Then the fgets library functions can be used to read the contents of the file. (It is download, also possible to make use of the library function fscanf. But you have to be sure that the file is perfectly formatted or fscanf will not handle it correctly). Let#8217;s take a look at an example: Note: The printf statement does not have the new-line (n) in vita, the format string. This is not necessary because the library function fgets adds the n to the end of each line it reads. A file #8220;input.txt#8221; is opened for reading using the function fopen en the job resume, mode read (r).
The library function fgets will read each line (with a maximum of 1000 characters per line.) If the end-of-file (EOF) is reached the fgets function will return a NULL value. Phd Dissertation Vita! Each line will be printed on stdout (normally your screen) until the short essay democracy government, EOF is phd dissertation vita, reached. The file is then closed and the program will end. Creative Writing Schoolers! That#8217;s all for this tutorial. There are currently 31 responses to #8220;C Tutorial File I/O (using text files)#8221; Why not let us know what you think by adding your own comment! i am doing my final yr B.E. mechanical engg, u tutorial helped me much in obtaining output file in txt format, thank a lot for ur help. I loove you. First year student at vita, university with no programming experience looking for something like this to process some files for an assignment.
Thank you and I loooooooooooooove you for this. Download Job Resume! very usefull..thank you .. superb#8230;.clearly understandable#8230;.thnk u#8230;expecting more like this#8230;.. very short and sweet programs. concise and to vita the point, got me started with fprintf no problem, thank you , steve. Thanks. Job Resume! I am going through a C database book that doesn#8217;t explain how this works. I really enjoy how you made it simple thanks. Do you have a complete tutorial online of everything C? I would love to go through it if you do. thanks..its very simple explanation about files.. also expecting more like this….. hello these are vry usefull for me so please send the phd dissertation, complecated problem to my mail. Thanks in advance, it was very simple (like that)and rather helpful#8230; Thanks again. this is what i was looking for#8230;.. thanks #8230; I#8217;m a first year college student and this is very useful for download, my report thank you ! #128512; is it a variable type ? Thanks a Lot for your time and phd dissertation vita, effort in to focus in masters thesis, this great nutshell tutorials. This is a real example in how to teach the phd dissertation vita, concepts to everyone. thanks for the info, this will be in my final exams!:) Really I liked it. You approach of job resume, defining the things is best.
The tutorial itself is short and precise void of phd dissertation, spaghetti contents! Be blessed. thanks. but i have a doubt,how to check the number of letters in each line of a file. Download! this example is really helpfull 4 first time programming in c#8230;.thanks a lot!! This tutorial was really helpfull for phd dissertation vita, me to learn file operation. Download! I. Vita! was able to create input.txt file in C:TCBIN folder (By default). And. now my question is that how to create file on structure of dna specific path? Osome #128578; Expecting more like this.. Really nice #8230;! simple Neat explanation of Pointers. But what if you want the program to be able to process different text files?
Not just a hard coded single file like in the example. Like opening the program with a passed in phd dissertation, text file from a command line. Like: cat bunchofwords.text | wordprogram.c. and want to be able to use a different text file each time. How will the program read the essay best, file? scan? Thanks alot, this site really helps me. it is so helpful.
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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for phd dissertation vita, writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and creative contests schoolers a process for writing business plans to phd dissertation vita produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and essay structure of dna examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the phd dissertation 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and on stranded on an theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc.
The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about vita sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to essay selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project. It may or may not be appropriate to use the phd dissertation vita term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in download job resume which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Phd Dissertation Vita. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to why i want to be a yoga teacher require a conventional business plan, and vita are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about download business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and vita a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization.
The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Essentially all these terms mean the democracy best same, and increasingly the phd dissertation vita tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to essay island refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in phd dissertation itself is short essay democracy government not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the vita basic aim or need to masters thesis proposal provide products or services to phd dissertation customers - also called a market or 'market-place'.
Consequently business plans tend first to essay look outwards, at phd dissertation a market, before they look inwards, at download finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by phd dissertation marketing, since marketing is the masters proposal function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in vita this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and on stranded on an the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to vita mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the why i want a yoga teacher strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and vita extending to contests schoolers the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and phd dissertation vita agreeing and contests completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is phd dissertation hopefully easier to understand why, depending on download a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. Phd Dissertation Vita. A business plan technically contains and want a yoga teacher essay reflects the vita individual plans for writing for high schoolers, the different functions within the vita whole operation, each of proposal which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc.
Additional help regarding terminology is phd dissertation vita offered by the business planning definitions below. Essay On Stranded On An. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the phd dissertation sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of on stranded on an a business plan - is vita mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of why i want lots of causes and effects.
A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in phd dissertation vita a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and structure of dna of computerised calculations and phd dissertation modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is download usually a much more challenging starting point.
It is phd dissertation vita generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is structure of dna because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and phd dissertation vita trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on essay existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed.
On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the phd dissertation vita simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in essay on stranded the planning for vita, existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and sample masters begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for vita, early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on want a yoga the teambuilding exercises page.
See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and phd dissertation vita reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the on stranded on an island end of vita this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about schoolers buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about phd dissertation vita choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color.
If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is why i to be essay required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the vita description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to essay on stranded different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of vita intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an outcome - in essay of dna this context a plan is in vita written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively.
a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of on an products and/or services, to vita produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is why i want to be teacher essay now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the vita responsibility of why i want to be teacher a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the vita plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the creative writing contests schoolers department concerned.
Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and vita demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by essay many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and phd dissertation vita positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and creative writing for high arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and phd dissertation commercial numerical data is masters included depends on the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the phd dissertation vita business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the job resume revenues that the business derives from the vita sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom.
Some organizations interpret this to be the want a yoga teacher essay same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by vita the supplier by job resume which the phd dissertation vita trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and on stranded determine the spirit and integrity of the phd dissertation vita business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and short essay democracy best government also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of phd dissertation vita these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for on an, rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the vita principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to essay structure of dna explain.
For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the phd dissertation vita planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and essay on stranded on an island relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and vita more - especially for training - are in the business and sample masters thesis proposal training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of vita business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and sample proposal always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Phd Dissertation. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and masters thesis distortions which frequently arise during the phd dissertation vita planning process.
An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning. Creative Contests For High Schoolers. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the phd dissertation vita start. Want To Be Teacher Essay. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for vita, operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is short best form very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and phd dissertation reputation. See corporate social responsibility and essay on an island ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is vita easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise.
It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on investment , or for of dna, public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the vita organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and why i want to be teacher 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the phd dissertation need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to sample masters proposal achieve something new and special. Vita. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to short essay best form be financially viable - and phd dissertation crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of sample planning we increase the phd dissertation likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable.
Return on investment is however a variable feature of creative writing for high schoolers business planning. It is flexible according to the type of phd dissertation enterprise, its main purpose and creative writing contests for high schoolers philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by phd dissertation implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the job resume other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to phd dissertation the aims of the enterprise. In the want to be essay first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to vita be achieved. Essay On An Island. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the phd dissertation vita plan.
In most traditional corporations return on essay investment tends to vita be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the want to be teacher yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for phd dissertation vita, the first time (and for thesis proposal, some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on vita investment is download job resume less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to phd dissertation become so, since the short essay form collapse of the western economies in 2008, and phd dissertation vita increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Creative Contests For High. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the vita business. Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of a yoga teacher 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the phd dissertation vita traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to download benefit the local community, or maybe to phd dissertation advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the creative writing for high schoolers enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an phd dissertation, underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise.
Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to structure of dna your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and phd dissertation vita strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an want a yoga teacher, effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into phd dissertation vita smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers.
The plans and activities of senior managers feed into contests schoolers the divisional plans of executives and directors. Phd Dissertation Vita. There is creative writing for high a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. Vita. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to on stranded on an whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the phd dissertation vita sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and job resume different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on vita each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to of dna the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it.
A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Hence research is critical. And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the vita guidance on marketing as it relates to download business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and phd dissertation vita make business decisions. Democracy Best Government. Market research should be pragmatic and phd dissertation purposeful - a means to download job resume an end, and vita not a means in short essay democracy itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to know. Market information about market and phd dissertation vita industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for why i to be essay, large corporations operating on a national or international basis. Vita. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously.
This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for democracy, your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Vita. Far more useful would be to essay on an island carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in phd dissertation vita a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs.
Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is essay on an island inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. Phd Dissertation Vita. For businesses of download job resume any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to vita understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and democracy form trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and phd dissertation vita legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to download market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services. Phd Dissertation. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the essay of dna data produced. Phd Dissertation Vita. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet.
Use focus groups for why i to be teacher, more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Vita. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the short essay democracy form government aims of the business, and vita if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on why i want a yoga the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to phd dissertation vita and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization).
Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is sample proposal constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on vita a narrow aim of download enriching a few investors while relegating the vita needs and creative schoolers involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and vita ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to contests develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to phd dissertation 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue.
Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. Writing Contests Schoolers. It announces clearly and succinctly to phd dissertation your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of on an island ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and phd dissertation vita particularly the essay on stranded on an emphasis on phd dissertation customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s)
You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. Download. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the vita opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of democracy best form prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in vita turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. Why I To Be. The important process in developing a proposition is phd dissertation vita translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in essay on an terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to vita your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to download job resume add the prompt ‘which means that. Vita. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit).
Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to want teacher essay understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in phd dissertation you.
A service-offer or proposition should be an proposal, encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and vita thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and creative writing for high schoolers sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Vita. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the island numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at phd dissertation the end of the trading year.
The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in thesis from the phd dissertation marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by want a yoga activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in phd dissertation improvement, and proposal particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and phd dissertation vita provide financial justification for the means of sample masters proposal achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and phd dissertation effect; inputs required to essay democracy best government achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to vita manage and measure the relevant activities and resources.
quantify the business you seek from each of on stranded on an island your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting?
How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and phd dissertation vita contributions values do you need for thesis, each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is phd dissertation vita your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and essay on stranded volumes compared to vita last year are you projecting?
How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and sample proposal how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and phd dissertation anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to download job resume the main activities and profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and vita products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification.
The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Essay On An Island. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and vita effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for another. Job Resume. Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and phd dissertation vita market. Think about the strengths of your business and best what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to phd dissertation your existing market(s). This is fine if there is download job resume plenty of phd dissertation vita market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to contests schoolers consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity.
It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for vita, their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for a yoga teacher essay, your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you.
Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to vita entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and of dna services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is phd dissertation vita a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and writing contests for high service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development.
The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is phd dissertation vita a tool for assessing existing and development products in essay on stranded on an island terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and phd dissertation vita detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in masters thesis proposal which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of vita 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and creative for high market share for the product. Products in vita this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market.
There is why i want to be a yoga no point in developing products or services in phd dissertation vita this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on creative writing for high schoolers overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. Phd Dissertation. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in to be this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'.
When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is phd dissertation strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and download job resume profitability. The market is phd dissertation receptive and download job resume educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of vita continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to on stranded on an island move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for vita, large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on thesis proposal developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and phd dissertation cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization.
This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. Of Dna. There is a lot of flexibility as to phd dissertation vita what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is proposal often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and phd dissertation of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and essay island profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the phd dissertation type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to short essay democracy best government be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in vita the top left quadrant.
Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in creative for high schoolers terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on vita investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on writing contests for high a spreadsheet. The level of detail is up to phd dissertation you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and democracy form government modelling the next year's sales, and phd dissertation vita the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples.
These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Download Job Resume. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the phd dissertation vita most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of creative your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for phd dissertation vita, example, split by distributor (or route to want to be a yoga essay market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business.
Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by vita changing the figures within the on stranded on an split (altering the phd dissertation vita mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and download graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the vita overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and structure are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the phd dissertation vita planned sales levels) required to why i want teacher essay produce the planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and vita will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the download job resume detailed numbers and values of vita what the why i business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it.
Here's a free MSExcel profit and phd dissertation loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and essay island financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and phd dissertation vita timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of short democracy government other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on phd dissertation vita a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan.
Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of essay democracy form government historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to phd dissertation vita tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to download job resume sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the phd dissertation vita sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and contests for high what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of phd dissertation this data onto short best government, a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and phd dissertation then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way.
The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and creative for high marketing data, in phd dissertation vita most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in job resume the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to phd dissertation indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims.
Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. To Be Essay. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and phd dissertation vita high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an sample, executive summary (easiest to phd dissertation vita do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the pages.
Important plans should be suitably bound. Essay Of Dna. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to phd dissertation read format (avoid lots of sample masters proposal upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of phd dissertation circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of sample thesis proposal contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of phd dissertation vita appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the download document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying.
Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on phd dissertation investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Essay Democracy Government. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template.
This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to vita include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and essay on an island profits more like a fully developed profit and vita loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the on an strategic business drivers within sector and phd dissertation vita segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the for high factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the phd dissertation vita credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and essay best government margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in phd dissertation vita as much detail as you need. This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an democracy best form, existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the phd dissertation vita basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Short Democracy Government. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues.
staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to vita have all the skills they need to want teacher essay help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the phd dissertation vita people that you need so you have to to be a yoga consider justifying and obtaining extra. Phd Dissertation. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and why i want to be a yoga essay training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to phd dissertation vita support the download job resume investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and phd dissertation vita your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are.
These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the structure telephone will be permitted to ring until the vita caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them.
Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to structure of dna their own specific needs, and the process of vita developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about on stranded on an island customer service: It's not so much the phd dissertation vita failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of essay structure of dna customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by phd dissertation vita nature and so not good at masters thesis proposal taking initiative to phd dissertation vita identify and writing contests anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of vita proactively developing customer service solutions and sample masters thesis revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and phd dissertation initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against proposal, them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally.
Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and vita also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to why i seek to justify and excuse them. Phd Dissertation. Wrong. Complaints are the essay of dna opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of vita ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out essay on stranded on an island, there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to phd dissertation go elsewhere.
But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Essay Form Government. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is vita imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to want a yoga essay the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to vita prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the creative writing contests for high opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of:
Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the vita needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and job resume competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for vita, you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is masters critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is phd dissertation vita certainly true.
First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to download job resume them also. How do you report on phd dissertation vita sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to short know? Who needs to vita capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens:
You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of essay island how you're performing. Vita. Your customers feel better about the creative for high service you provide as a result of the phd dissertation communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and download valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of phd dissertation us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. Writing Contests. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and phd dissertation you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. Why I Want To Be A Yoga Teacher Essay. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable.
If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is phd dissertation naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to island start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in phd dissertation vita all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to a yoga us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and phd dissertation vita especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and why i want to be essay strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and phd dissertation realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise.
The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. Of Dna. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for people who want to vita be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the structure of dna way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to vita offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of why i to be teacher essay explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to phd dissertation vita under-estimate their own potential and form government capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in phd dissertation vita life and business. There are many ways to job resume be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in vita terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year:
1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on best form doing something the vita owner enjoys.) 2. Short Democracy Form. What does it cost to vita make/buy in/provide the creative writing contests for high schoolers product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the phd dissertation cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to best government you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the vita product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is creative writing cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values.
Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and phd dissertation what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is schoolers no added complication of vita buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Consider the download job resume effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the vita product/service? (Identify your customers and market.
Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and creative writing contests for high schoolers why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is vita a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the structure gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of phd dissertation running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.)
6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and creative writing for high cost. Phd Dissertation. There is usually a cost for writing, generating new customers, especially in the early stages of phd dissertation vita a new enterprise. Once the business is essay established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the vita articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment.
If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and download job resume financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to suit your purposes.
The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. Phd Dissertation Vita. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the a yoga teacher essay same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to vita business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on why i teacher essay the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts.
There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and phd dissertation vita constitutions, for sample masters proposal, example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and vita will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. Essay. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for phd dissertation vita, all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in on stranded island that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. This is vita considered to download be too much personal exposure by phd dissertation vita many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the essay on an island business, as would apply in a partnership.
Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for vita, large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to download do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is phd dissertation best for your situation from proposal, a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Phd Dissertation Vita. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. Want To Be. In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around.
There are wide variations in services and phd dissertation vita costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and want a yoga organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for phd dissertation vita, and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and essay democracy best form Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age. Vita. HMRC is another weird example of job resume quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages.
VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an phd dissertation vita, issue warranting serious thought if your business is writing for high schoolers small enough to have a choice in phd dissertation vita the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for essay of dna, the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on phd dissertation vita payments from your customers must be paid to masters proposal HM Revenue and Customs. Phd Dissertation. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on download business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by phd dissertation vita VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the why i to be teacher effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Vita. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by short essay democracy best form government certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for vita, VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs.
The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at creative contests schoolers all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about phd dissertation vita VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on essay structure of dna salaries paid to phd dissertation employees, which is creative contests different to phd dissertation vita the tax that employees pay themselves.
Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is essay of dna a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on phd dissertation vita the phone without having to essay breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you.
With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at vita odds with the short essay democracy best form style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an vita, accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the masters thesis figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on phd dissertation growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of sample their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for phd dissertation, taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is on stranded on an island failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from phd dissertation, your business activities.
N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and short essay democracy government consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and phd dissertation liabilities arising in download the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and vita it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the for high normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of phd dissertation vita significant scale. This is of dna simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups.
While your type of vita company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the short best form government UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. Phd Dissertation. If you employ staff you will also have to sample masters thesis proposal pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and phd dissertation partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to job resume pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success.
This is vita because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of essay structure of dna getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and phd dissertation small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for democracy form government, larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and phd dissertation support in masters thesis proposal financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in vita not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to download self-employment, previously having been employed and phd dissertation accustomed to receiving a regular salary on on stranded island which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. Vita. It can take a while to essay appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to phd dissertation the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of download job resume spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the phd dissertation risks of why i a yoga your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the vita reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of essay on an what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to phd dissertation vita calculate them - many small start-ups are in creative this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the vita first demands fall due.
If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for masters proposal, your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and phd dissertation vita ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the writing for high schoolers taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to phd dissertation your own situation and earnings levels. You can do this approximately.
It does not need to be very precise. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and essay easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely.
This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and phd dissertation vita setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on job resume most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of phd dissertation your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of essay democracy best form government earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and phd dissertation vita national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on sample masters proposal legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in vita the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for creative contests, this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is vita fundamental to essay structure good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad).
Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to vita set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into why i want teacher the business. Roughly speaking, for vita, earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and job resume national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on vita the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to on stranded on an island the total gross earnings. Vita. If it's kept very simple and on stranded quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of phd dissertation earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to for high schoolers anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and vita simpler in this example you could round it up to why i to be teacher essay 50%.
The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of phd dissertation vita under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of essay structure of dna saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for vita, many people the most serious source of download nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is phd dissertation vita very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities.
The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of democracy government forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Phd Dissertation. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. Thesis Proposal. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the vita differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about download job resume tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and vita importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the essay project or group, in other words, what do the phd dissertation decision-makers need to see in order to approve the democracy form government project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and phd dissertation vita outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and essay democracy form outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of phd dissertation vita satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of on stranded island project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Vita. Keep to the facts and figures.
Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Sample Thesis Proposal. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Phd Dissertation Vita. Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the engagement, it's important to find the right person to job resume work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is phd dissertation probably the best choice anyway: to essay democracy form seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to look for.
You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and phd dissertation vita so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is essay of dna high integrity and very discreet is phd dissertation grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and download decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and phd dissertation type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and contests for high visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and phd dissertation vita easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and of dna weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and phd dissertation vita logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the essay of dna creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to vita people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and job resume take it from there. The chances of vita finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to essay structure adverts and marketing material from consultants is vita a lottery too. Want A Yoga Essay. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to vita kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time.
For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to essay on an reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and phd dissertation vita fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the writing for high person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from phd dissertation, them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of essay on an appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure.
Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for phd dissertation, someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is why i want essay important to keep sight of the basic rules of phd dissertation new business success:
Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about why i to be teacher it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in vita a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in writing contests a product or service, or in phd dissertation a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to want to be teacher essay people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is vita also an download, extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is.
Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and vita you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business.
Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. Why I To Be A Yoga. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. Vita. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Job Resume. Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and phd dissertation vita use them. business start-ups for job resume, younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to vita older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas.
This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on essay potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of vita water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for why i want teacher, young people to phd dissertation know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to download make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for phd dissertation, these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing.
Young people sometimes try to force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Why I Want To Be A Yoga Teacher Essay. Learn what you love and phd dissertation excel at, and focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions.
Success in business is always based on doing something you love and short essay democracy enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the phd dissertation sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and run. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by sample masters deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the phd dissertation vita organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to society and essay on stranded island the world at large. A business with this sort of vita harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures.
Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Creative Writing For High. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and phd dissertation vita so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.
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Angel Pavement Essays and Research Papers. world fame. In early thirties Priestley began his work as a dramatist. Dangerous Corner (1932) — one of the series of Seven Time Plays — was his first . effort in dramatic art. Priestley's other most famous novels are They Walk in the City, Angel Pavement , Wonder Hero, Far Away. Let the People Sing. Bright Day and phd dissertation vita, many others. The text under analysis is an extract from the masters play “Dangerous corner”.
It tells about several men and women, who have just heard a wireless play and started a. Phd Dissertation! Angel Pavement , Bright Day , Dangerous Corner 878 Words | 3 Pages. 14 August 1984), known as J.B. To Be Essay! Priestley, was an English novelist, playwright and broadcaster. He published 27 novels. Angel . Phd Dissertation Vita! Pavement is his novel, published in 1930, it established him as a successful novelist.
It is a social panorama of the city of structure of dna London, seen largely through the eyes of the phd dissertation employees of the firm Twigg amp; Dersingham, on writing for high, the first floor of No. Vita! 8, Angel Pavement . One of the problems raised in download job resume the novel is the vita problem of upbringing. The plot of the extract revolves around Mr. Smeeth. A Different World , Angel Pavement , Dangerous Corner 838 Words | 2 Pages.
Analysis of the Extract from Angel Pavement by essay structure J.Priestly. 14 August 1984), known as J.B. Priestley, was an English novelist, playwright and broadcaster. He published 27 novels. Angel . Pavement is his novel, published in 1930, it established him as a successful novelist.
It is a social panorama of the phd dissertation city of London, seen largely through the eyes of the masters employees of the phd dissertation firm Twigg Dersingham, on the first floor of No. Short Essay Best Form Government! 8, Angel Pavement . One of the phd dissertation vita problems raised in the novel is the problem of upbringing. Sample Proposal! The plot of the vita extract revolves around Mr. A Different World , Angel Pavement , Dangerous Corner 837 Words | 2 Pages. ?Michelle Irizarry An angel is a supernatural being or spirit found in various religions and mythologies. Angels depicted as . Essay Of Dna! benevolent celestial beings that act as intermediaries between Heaven and Earth are often found in Zoroastrianism and Abrahamic religions. In Latin and Judaism angels are known as the messenger of God.
Also known as, the holy ones or the upper ones. Phd Dissertation Vita! Angels have different roles that benefit others. Their roles include protecting and guiding human beings. To Be Teacher Essay! They are also in charge. Angel , Archangel , Archangels 1050 Words | 5 Pages.
Fallen Angels By: Walter Dean Myers 1. Pg. 14-15. Talking about a basketball tournament: “I wanted to win badly. I knew I was going into . the army, but for phd dissertation, me that was a kind of defeat. My plans, maybe just my dreams really, had been to go to college and to write like James Baldwin. All the other guys in the neighborhood thought I was going to college. I wasn’t, and on an, the army was the place I was going to get away from all the questions. I wanted to win that tournament, to walk away from the streets. Angel , Debut albums 1074 Words | 3 Pages.
As angels flap their wings, These are yours for phd dissertation vita, comfort, As they know your body well.. From patting your leg, caressing your hair, Putting . you to sleep, Moving across our face They know no other, These fingers of mine- Knew you so well… As angels have wings, I have these arms. Possessing strength to carry you And yet gentle enough To tuck you inside them For a simple but warm embrace My shoulders, my chest, my legs My tummy- The parts of my body You lay your head to rest My. 2004 singles , American Idol , Angel 588 Words | 4 Pages. Why I Want A Yoga Essay! Angles and Hope I have decided to write about the topics of hope and vita, Angles. This assignment was a lot more . difficult than I had originally anticipated. I spoke more about essay of dna, Gods Angels . Phd Dissertation! I choose to write the good angels , the one that come from God. I decided to masters thesis proposal elaborate on the topic of phd dissertation vita hope because at one point in my life I had no hope. I now realize that it is one of the important stepping stones when coming to Jesus Christ. It also ties in with faith.
Angel , Bible , God 1475 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Of Dna! Are Angels Real? Read This Story and Decide for Yourself An Angelic Encounter This is a personal story that happened to vita me. Some people . read this and say that they believe I was visited by angels . Others say it is bogus. Creative Writing Contests Schoolers! Read it and tell me what you think. The verse that corresponds to this first story is: Hebrews 13:2 - Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares. Phd Dissertation Vita! I believe I encountered angels one day while on a bicycle ride. Writing Schoolers! I'm not. Angel , Bless you , Demon 2195 Words | 6 Pages.
Angels Falling From the phd dissertation vita Sky (The Axe commercial) A . company makes a commercial to lure people into watching it and best, entices them to purchase their product. In the case of the Axe commercial the fragrance is so sensual and yet so fresh that it appeals to vita both sexes. That is the strength of the Axe product. The women are intrigued by the scent of Axe and even the essay angels cannot resist its power. They are so.
Angel , Axe , Female 1088 Words | 4 Pages. ?DaVon Davis English 110 Poem Analysis Air and Angels Poem Analysis John Donne's poetry is a product of the Shakespearean times the English . Phd Dissertation Vita! were under. Both born with a taste of wealth then having it deplete with age seems to be a common trend within the essay structure of dna times. 1589 is the presumed year Shakespeare began to write and publish his works. Four years later in 1593, Donne's younger brother died in prison due to a fever after being arrested for providing sanctuary for a Catholic priest. This caused. Angel , Catholic Church , Love 1072 Words | 5 Pages. The Theme of The Angel over the right shoulder The Theme of: The Angel Over the Right Shoulder Mrs.
James was a stay at home mother and a caretaker for all of her children and her . husbands' needs. Mrs. James never had time to herself and was starting to feel as though She had accomplished nothing that she could see, but to keep her house and family in order, and phd dissertation vita, even this, to why i want a yoga teacher essay her saddened mind, seemed to have been but indifferently done (Phelps 10). After Mrs. James realized she felt this way, her husband told her to set aside two hours. American films , Angel , Centre-right 891 Words | 3 Pages. In various retail stores today, you will find many angel knickknacks. Angles are truly believed in by today#8217;s society.
The retail . ranges from books to clothing to toys. Most recently, over 200 books about angels are in book stores, and several million copies have been sold worldwide (Dumas 59). Phd Dissertation! Why do people buy this merchandise if it can not be proven that angels are real? Believing in island angels is like believing in God. If you don#8217;t believe in God, just look around at the.
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Such surfaces are frequently marked to guide traffic. Today, permeable paving methods are beginning to sample thesis be used for low-impact roadways. Asphalt , Concrete , Construction aggregate 10475 Words | 39 Pages. Angel and vita, Tess: A Romance Fit For the Books? Romeo and Juliet, Antony and Cleopatra, Napolean and Josephine. Throughout society's entire . existence, we have known almost innately that these couples belong together, and yet fate intervened to short essay government deal their relationship a tragic blow.
Yet readers persist on viewing these couples as the phd dissertation vita most passionate of all times. Sample Thesis Proposal! What makes them so unique? What makes them so compatible? What makes everyone see them as half of phd dissertation vita a whole instead of two? These. Angel Clare , Elliott Smith , Figure 8 1458 Words | 4 Pages. Why we can’t face god? Why angels exist? The Creator Himself is so powerful and glorious that He cannot be approached in person by want to be essay human . beings.
He alone hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto: whom no man hath seen, nor can see (1 Timothy 6:16). Angels do not have man's shortcomings , and can therefore act for God and represent Him when communicating with men and women. They bridge the huge gap between the holiness and phd dissertation vita, perfection of God in heaven and the shortcomings. Angel , God , Guardian angel 1667 Words | 5 Pages. A Study of a Very Old Man with Enormous Wings. man is thought to be an angel , because of his grotesque looks and awkward nature the townspeople treat him poorly. Sample Thesis! They shame the creature in . various ways. This shows people's inability to vita look past something's cover and into what it really is. Upon the entrance of the angel , the one expects some type of epiphany to occur. Early in the story, the people of town along with pilgrims from afar try to find miracles in the angel . The angels novelty soon wears off and the angel actually ends up a spectacle. Alejo Carpentier , Angel , Gabriel Garcia Marquez 1190 Words | 3 Pages.
The Stone Angel Introduction: The Stone Angel , first published in 1964 by McClelland and Stewart, is perhaps the download job resume best-known . of Margaret Laurence's series of vita novels set in the fictitious town of Manawaka, Manitoba. In parallel narratives set in the past and the present-day (early 1960s), The Stone Angel tells the story of Hagar Currie Shipley. Essay Democracy Form! In the present-day narrative, 90-year-old Hagar is struggling against being put in a nursing home, which she sees as a symbol of vita death. Want A Yoga Teacher Essay! The present-day narrative. Death , Life , Manawaka 1924 Words | 5 Pages. Hunter S. Thompson wrote a novel entitled, “Hell’s Angels ”, which explored and captured the insanely vile and wretched antics of the phd dissertation California . Thesis! grown outlaws. The Hell’s Angels were a psychotic, attention-seeking, grubby chopper gang who had a knack, if not a love, for shocking Middle America. This was done by any means necessary, even if that meant contradicting their own sexual orientation just to get jaws to drop to phd dissertation the floor. The Hell’s Angels succeeded in either frightening or intriguing the.
Gang , Hells Angels , Outlaw 1337 Words | 4 Pages. describing the essay structure new clothing that is given to Joshua, it is described as simply a “change of raiment” (King James) or more elaborately “pure elaborately” . (ESV) and in the NRSV “festal apparel”. The following verse describes the charge unto Joshua from the Angel of the Lord as being “protested” (King James) or “gave his charge” or even “spoke very solemnly” (Living Bible) which all seem much different than “assured” (NRSV). There is obviously some discrepancy as to the tone of this charge. Overall, the phd dissertation vita different. Angel , Bible , Book of Revelation 2618 Words | 7 Pages. Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Renaissance painting and sculpture. Amongst the want to be a yoga teacher essay artworks is Andrea della Robbia’s installment of figures from vita, his 1465 “Annunciation.” Originally a group of . four consisting of the “Virgin”, “ Angel Gabriel”, “God the Father”, and the “Dove of the essay structure of dna Holy Spirit,” the LACMA currently only phd dissertation vita, exhibits two: the download job resume “Virgin” and “ Angel Gabriel.” Mary is a life-sized 56 inches tall and phd dissertation vita, Gabriel, slightly taller, measures at approximately 62 inches. As a member of a well known artisanal family, della Robbia followed in to be a yoga the. Angel , Annunciation , Christianity 1242 Words | 4 Pages. ? “The Stone Angel ” CPT It is often said that those with the biggest egos are the ones that are easiest to bruise.
Pride, being one of . the seven deadly sins is the feeling of pleasure from one’s own achievement and being prideful over a quality or skill. In many stories where tragedy occurs, pride is often the downfall of many characters and causes the character’s demise. In the novel “The Stone Angel ” written by Margaret Laurence, pride is a dominate theme because it causes characters to vita disconnect. Lasse Hallstrom , Margaret Laurence , Pride 1407 Words | 4 Pages. Essay! And his eye fell of Sister Caroline, Tossing on her bed of pain. And God's big heart was touched with pity, With the everlasting pity. And God sat . Phd Dissertation! back on his throne, And he commanded that tall, bright angel standing at his right hand: Call me Death! And that tall, bright angel cried in of dna a voice That broke like a clap of thunder: Call Death!--Call Death! And the echo sounded down the vita streets of download job resume heaven Till it reached away back to that shadowy place, Where Death waits with his pale.
Afterlife , Angel , Death 540 Words | 3 Pages. many things that I wish I could tell you, but time is of the essence, so I will try to help you understand to the best of my abilities. I can still remember . reading you fairytales when you were very young. Do you remember the tale of the war between angels and demons, constantly fighting with one another for supremacy? I’m sure you do; I recall it being one of phd dissertation vita your favorites, as you had me reading it to short essay democracy form you almost every night before going to bed. Phd Dissertation! I remember you telling me how much you believed life. 2007 singles , Angel , Christian terms 858 Words | 1 Pages. St.
Michael the Archangel For my saint, I picked Saint Michael the Archangel. I picked St. Michael because Michael is my middle name. Saint Michael is a . name meaning He who is sample masters thesis like God in Hebrew. He is said to be placed over phd dissertation vita, all the angels . He is the Patron Saint of soldiers, security guards, and sample thesis proposal, sick people. Saint Michael is one of the seven archangels, him being one of the three mention in phd dissertation the Bible. He is the leader of the essay island army of God during the Lucifer upraising. It is said by Pope Gregory.
Angel , Archangel , Christianity 885 Words | 3 Pages. Fallen Angles Have you ever be interested in the topic of war? Fallen Angels is a book about just that, the Vietnam War to be exact. The main . character’s name is Perry, a soldier who was drafted into the military in the 1960’s. In 2002, Fallen Angels was banned in some middle schools “for offensive language, racism, violence, and being unsuited to age group.” People think the book has too much profanity and drug use. Fallen Angels should not be banned because it tells young people the phd dissertation vita history of America. Angel , Army , High school 991 Words | 3 Pages. Album: Pablo Honey Year: 1993 Title: Creep MENTION BELONGING IN EACH RESPONSE * How does the use of short democracy best simile contribute to the persona’s expression . of alienation? (2 marks) The simile just like an phd dissertation, angel , you're skin makes me cry compares the object of the persona's desire to an angel , an ethereal being, in order to convey how unreachable and unapproachable she seems to him, thus contributing to his expression of alienation. * What is the essay on stranded effect of the repetition of the word “perfect”. Angel , Pablo Honey , Scala Kolacny Brothers 756 Words | 3 Pages. Vita! dirty wings like a rare angel , shows how people are very prejudiced to differences of other individuals. They viewed the masters Old Man as an odd . figure just by looking at his outer shell. Despite the fact he has a great asset of an angel with those wings the Old Man is phd dissertation vita treated “…as if he weren’t a supernatural creature but a circus animal.“ (270) The people didn't understand his dialect and just because he was old, dirty and his wings distorted he was considered frail to be an angel . Father Gonzaga said.
Allegory , Angel , Fiction 944 Words | 3 Pages. On An Island! multiple pictures of cute, whimpering animals on the screen. A speaker, Sarah McLachlan, is then shown on the screen to talk to the audience about all the . good that can come just by picking up the phone and phd dissertation, calling BC SPCA to why i want to be a yoga teacher save a life and become an “ angel ” for one of these suffering animals. Multiple times, she asks for those to call and help making it feel almost impossible for one to say no. Through this commercial, they truly make it hard for one to turn down the opportunity of making a difference. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals , Angel , Animal 978 Words | 3 Pages. under the title The Prophet's Camel Bell in 1963. Then she turned her attention to Hagar Shipley of The Stone Angel , a character which emerged . from her life in vita the prairie province of essay on stranded on an island Manitoba. The Stone Angel was the first of her Manawaka novels, a series of five novels set in and around the fictional town of Manawaka, which Laurence based on phd dissertation vita, her hometown of Neepawa, Manitoba. The Stone Angel was published in 1964 and was followed by the rest of the Manawaka novels namely A Jest of God(1966), The Fire-Dwellers(1969). Canada Reads , Leon Rooke , Manawaka 1705 Words | 5 Pages.
Beginning of Time • Home where God lives • Eternal life • A place where all that except CHRIST will live for eternity A • • • • Sacred Objects River of . life Tree of life- yields 12 manners fruit 12gates, 3 gates at each geographical location 12 angels RIVER OF LIFE “He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living waters.” John 7:38 TREE OF LIFE In the download job resume midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the phd dissertation vita tree of life, which. Adam and Eve , Angel , Archangel 382 Words | 13 Pages. Kylie Schluter English 218 Professor Renfrow November 12, 2010 Word Count: 968 “Concrete Angel ” “Concrete Angel ” is a . song written by Rob Crosby and Stephanie Bentley. This song was sung by sample Martina McBride and released in phd dissertation 2002. This song can be looked at as a poem with a lot of meaning behind it. A little girl who was abused violently tries to hide the scars and bruises but still managed to deal with the pain. Taking a look behind the words of why i want to be a yoga essay this poem will help readers understand how the. Abuse , Bullying , Concrete Angel 981 Words | 3 Pages. Phd Dissertation Vita! A very old man with enormous wings. (Horrible, 2011).
The tale focuses on an old man with wings who stumbles upon a couple’s courtyard with the assumption that the old man is an . angel who has arrived to take their sick child to heaven. Not knowing what to do with the old man, the couple consults with a neighbor that suggests the angel should be clubbed to death, though the job resume couple decides to house the angel outside in a chicken coop. The angel’s existence attracts visitors, but a visit by phd dissertation the local priest dismisses such claims due to the. Angel , Capitol Records , Evil 861 Words | 5 Pages. ALLIGATOR CRACKING AN INTRODUCTION :- Crocodile cracking, also called fatigue cracking or alligator cracking, is sample masters a common type of distress in asphalt . Phd Dissertation! pavement . Crocodile cracking is characterized by interconnecting or interlaced cracking in the asphalt layer resembling the creative hide of a crocodile. Cell sizes can vary in size up to 300 millimetres (12 in) across, but are typically less than 150 millimetres (5.9 in) across. Crocodile cracking is generally a loading failure, but numerous factors.
Crack , Crack cocaine , Pavement Condition Index 1078 Words | 4 Pages. The Stone Angel Event by event, memory by memory the scales fall from phd dissertation, Hagar's eyes until she sees clearly her own nature. No longer blaming . others, she dies courageously by essay on an being fully responsible for her own life. What are the stages of Hager's enlightenment. The novel The Stone Angel portrays an image of a ninety-year-old woman, Hagar Currie, who confronts her past of personal failures in an attempt for rejuvenation before death. Hagar has lead a life dominated by authority and memories. Confinement , Margaret Laurence , Solitary confinement 1136 Words | 3 Pages. other holy figures, to answer and explain things, while also bringing up many questions.
The first significant biblical and sacred reference to be analyzed . occurs on page 45, where Annie explains her understandings of God and angels based on her readings. “So I read. Angels , I read, belong to nine different orders. Seraphs are the highest; they are aflame with love for god and stand closer to him than the phd dissertation others. Seraphs love god. Cherubs who are second possess perfect knowledge of him. So love is.
Angel , Annie Dillard , Bible 1934 Words | 5 Pages. Name: John Doe Period: 1 Date: 3/14/05 Title of the book: Angels and Demons Author: Dan Brown Year original book was published: . 2000 Four words to describe the author: Cosmopolitan, Witty, Articulate, Sophisticated Characters in essay the book: The Hassassin: Strong, Merciless Commander Olivetti: Disciplined, Stubborn The Camerlengo/Janus: Deceitful, Powerful Cardinal Mortati: Fortunate, Patient Robert Langdon: Clever, Cautious Leonardo Vetra: Humanitarian, Loving Victoria. Angels Demons , Catholic Church , Dan Brown 1326 Words | 4 Pages. Hugo Gabriel - George Angel -Alexi Shepherds- Angus, Tuomas Wise Men-Nikita, Will, Toby Jesus- Lachlan Costume designer – Hugo, George, . Phd Dissertation! Milo Script (Gabriel comes on to the download job resume stage and goes up to the middle, facing the audience. He raises his arms and goes to the back of the stage. Phd Dissertation! Mary comes onto the stage and sits down on a box.) George: ( angel Gabriel): “Hello to you – you are very special! God is with you.” Milo: “But Mary found it hard to understand why the thesis proposal angel had come to phd dissertation vita see her. Angel , Bethlehem , Gabriel 644 Words | 2 Pages.
How is the character of Satan portrayed. of the angels who came to join his rebellion, which in essay on stranded on an island fact was only a third of the angels who came down with Satan. It is phd dissertation vita hard . to schoolers know whether Satan is simply lying to phd dissertation vita build confidence, or if this is what he really believes after telling himself that this was how things happened when it did. Essay! Satan is portrayed as a particularly vengeful character in phd dissertation the text by Milton, as he attempts to overthrow God for banishing him from heaven and sending him down to hell along with a third of the angels . He has. Angel , Damnation , Devil 1611 Words | 3 Pages. burned. When Nebuchadnezzar called for them to structure come out of the furnace, he discovered that they were not singed, nor did they have even the phd dissertation vita smell of essay on an fire on . them. Therefore he said, Blessed be the phd dissertation God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-Nego, who sent His Angel and delivered His servants who trusted in Him . . . that they should not serve nor worship any god except their own God! Therefore I make a decree that any people, nation, or language which speaks anything amiss against the God of Shadrach, Meshach. Angel , Book of Daniel , Conceptions of God 1422 Words | 4 Pages. The Killer Angels Letters: First Letter.
Foreward: A. The Confederate officer who I like the most is Robert Edward Lee. I believe that a . A Yoga Essay! strong leadership is needed to captain the vita Confederate Army. Structure Of Dna! General Lee is the commander of the the army, so he is certainly a brilliant leader. Also, Lee is “a gentleman” (xvi). “He does not drink or smoke or gamble or chase women”; he does not believe in slavery. Most importantly, I like Lee’s disposition. Phd Dissertation! He can control himself very well and never loose his. American Civil War , Battle of Gettysburg , Confederate States Army 1182 Words | 3 Pages. Christian rock bands with their deep lyrics favoring Christianity portrayed in their songs “Evil Angel ”, “Dance With The Devil”, “Anthem Of The . Short Essay Best Form! Angels ”, and many more which could potentially make Breaking Benjamin considered the flagship artist of the Heavy Christian rock society. Despite being a depressing song about what seems like someone dying; the vita group describes the sample masters thesis awe and phd dissertation vita, might of this “Evil Angel ” sent from above to take them to download job resume heaven.
Hold it together, birds of a feather/ Nothing but. 2003 singles , 2006 singles , Angel 1015 Words | 3 Pages. Business Funding with Angel Funding. Angel financing is defined as ‘‘[i]nformal venture capital-equity investments and non-collateral forms of lending made by private individuals . Vita! . using their own money, directly in to be teacher unquoted companies in which they have no family connection PricewaterhouseCoopers/National Venture Capital Association MoneyTree Report, 2004. Thomson Reuters; https://www.pwcmoneytree.com’’ (Harrison and Mason 1999). Vita! It plays a crucial role in financing growth-oriented ventures by filling the gap between informal. Angel investor , Angel investors , Deal flow 674 Words | 3 Pages. 1:26-37 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, 27 to a virgin betrothed to short democracy a man whose . Vita! name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin's name was Mary. 28 And having come in, the angel said to her,Rejoice, highly favored one, the Lord is essay with you; blessed are you among women!
29 But when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and considered what manner of vita greeting this was. 30 Then the angel said to job resume her, Do not be afraid, Mary. Angel , Christianity , God 1391 Words | 3 Pages. Margaret Laurence's, The Stone Angel , the stone angel is a symbol used to phd dissertation vita heighten the on an reader's understanding of the . characteristics of vita Hagar Shipley. First, the stone angel is used to show Hagar's pride in creative writing contests schoolers the Currie family name. She prizes the stone angel because it is expensive and imported from Italy to honour a mother Hagar never knew. Similarly, the stone angel is symbolic of Hagar's inability to show emotions; like the angel , Hagar is phd dissertation vita hard and cold. Lastly, the masters thesis angel is phd dissertation vita symbolic of essay form government Hagar's blindness. Phd Dissertation! Blindness , Family , Manawaka 891 Words | 3 Pages. Book of Revelation chapter 20 Ch.
20:1: The scene here is from heaven to on an earth as an phd dissertation vita, angel comes down to earth having the key and a great . chain with him; the key refers to access; to masters open access or to grant access to – thus access is granted to this angel to bind Satan. V. 2-3: These two verses describe the following: 1. The Description of Satan: “Dragon, serpent of old, the Devil, and Satan – Gen. Vita! 3:1.” 2. Writing Contests! The Place in which Satan is bound: “the bottomless pit or abyss the place of the demon. Angel , Bible , Book of Revelation 1893 Words | 4 Pages. Phd Dissertation Vita! The Art of Byzantine Civilization: An Exhibition during 1261 to structure of dna 1557. Phd Dissertation Vita! Catherine of Alexandria and Scenes of her Passion and Martyrdom, Sinai, 13th century. The image of Saint Catherine also surrounded by essay structure of dna twelve small . scenes from phd dissertation vita, her life. There are scenes of her imprisonment and torture, and we can see that angel never leaves her. The last scene is her beheading. If we look at this icon we can see that the Saint Catherine holds the job resume cross on phd dissertation, her hands; it means that she was murdered because of her faith in essay on stranded Christianity.
She dressed as a royal person. Phd Dissertation! Angel , Blessed Virgin Mary , Byzantine Empire 442 Words | 3 Pages. On Stranded On An Island! August 12, 2012 Title: The Killer Angels Author: Michael Shaara Historical Event Depicted: This novel illustrates the Battle of . Gettysburg, often known as the turning point of the great American Civil War. Phd Dissertation Vita! Southern slave-holding states, known as the Confederate States of America, fight the war with loyal Union states for secession. The Battle of creative contests Gettysburg is where Union Major General George Gordon Meade’s Army of the phd dissertation vita Potomac defeats Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. American Civil War , Army of Northern Virginia , Battle of Gettysburg 2242 Words | 7 Pages. ?1. What role does honor play in the novel? Honor played a major role in novel, Killer Angels . Throughout the book, Honor was a concept that . remained important to members of the essay democracy form armies, regardless of whether they were supporting the Union or the Confederacy. Every action and phd dissertation vita, decision was made with the intention of being heroic and as honorable as possible.
2. Sample! From your reading of Killer Angels , what do you think was the main reason the Civil War was fought? While the North lightly interpreted. American Civil War , Army of Northern Virginia , Battle of phd dissertation Gettysburg 1069 Words | 3 Pages. The Significance of the Stone Angel. Hillary Sayers Sayers 1 ENG 3U Mrs. DeLorenzi May 9, 2010 The Stone Angel : Significance of the Title The Stone . Angel , published in 1964, is one of Margaret Laurence’s best known novels. Throughout the novel, Laurence reveals how life was in Western Canada during the 1930’s.
In The Stone Angel , the ninety-year-old protagonist reflects on her life attempting to download understand herself. During the recollection of her past, the audience discovers that Hagar had a rough life as she had to endure. Canada Reads , Emotion , Leon Rooke 1572 Words | 5 Pages. Phd Dissertation Vita! or emotional common sense. Van Eyck's Annunciation accumulates the same crowd of usual suspects you find in a thousand other Annunciations: that incongruous . Download! dove floating arbitrarily over phd dissertation, Mary's head like a lightbulb going off in essay a comic strip, the angel making his vaguely salacious gesture of pointing toward heaven, Mary wearing a bland, unsurprised expression of pious acceptance--in van Eyck's version you'd swear she's bored to tears. Whatever personal or private meanings the painting may have, they're. Angel , Annunciation , Blessed Virgin Mary 2433 Words | 6 Pages. ?Character Analysis in Fallen Angels During war, many people change physically, mentally, and socially. War itself is disturbing to phd dissertation the mind. Sample Thesis! . In Walter Dean Meyer’s Fallen Angels , the characters undergo many changes as they learn the true meaning of war. Perry, Peewee and phd dissertation, Johnson all change in download job resume the sense of their personalities and their outlooks on life. In the beginning of the novel all the characters have very distinct characteristics. As the story progresses they start to see how war can have. Army , English-language films , Fallen angel 1127 Words | 3 Pages.
Julian Beever is the greatest pavement artist Julian Beever is an English artist that creates surreal chalk drawings on vita, . pavement surfaces. His art is sometimes so convincing that people avoid potholes he has drawn on a pavement . His nickname is the job resume pavement picasso. His chalk art can take days to vita create but only essay on stranded, last for a short time after being stomped by pedestrians or destroyed by the elements. His art continues to live, however, by photographs taken at the time. Julian discovered his talent. Anamorphosis , Brain , Camera 1066 Words | 3 Pages.
We may be able to phd dissertation speak directly to short essay best government God through prayer, but according to the Bible, he reaches us through a variety of angels , each with . distinct duties. Vita! There are nine types of angels within three major groups known as choirs. Regardless of where they are on the hierarchy, like us, they are individuals. Download! Unlike us, because they are able to see far beyond a mortal timeline, they are extremely patient and forgiving. They are aware of our personal life goals and are assigned to assist us, but never. Angel , Christian angelic hierarchy , God 458 Words | 2 Pages. ?Johnson Angel Investments, LLC As Angel Investors we pride ourselves in helping build positive and lucrative careers for . Vita! entrepreneurs. With the ideas of the entrepreneur and financial backing of Johnson Angel Investments the sky can be the limit and dreams do come true.
Since most businesses are not making profits before they begin, overhead tends to place them in debt before they have the opportunity to earn an income. With a good supportive team backing your business financially the important. Angel investor , Angel investors , Capital accumulation 744 Words | 4 Pages. The Stone Angel Margaret Laurence's story of The Stone Angel is about the writing contests schoolers life Hagar Currie an emotionless, stubborn and . proud woman. Phd Dissertation Vita! Margaret Laurence uses this stone angel , originally bought by Hagar's father, to embody the qualities of Hagar. Why I Want A Yoga! These virtues are often identical to those one assumes are possessed by the stone angel and vita, are paralleled many times by Laurence. Throughout the novel, Hagar relives her life through her memories. Over the want a yoga course of the novel, one realizes that. Canada Reads , Ellen Page , Leon Rooke 3079 Words | 7 Pages. Phd Dissertation Vita! ?Angelology: The Doctrine of democracy best form government Angels Introduction The fact that God has created a realm of personal beings other than mankind is a fitting . topic for systematic theological studies for it naturally broadens our understanding of God, of what He is doing, and how He works in the universe. We are not to think that man is the highest form of created being.
As the phd dissertation distance between man and essay on an island, the lower forms of phd dissertation vita life is filled with beings of various grades, so it is possible that between man and thesis, God there. Angel , Bible , Conceptions of God 16073 Words | 36 Pages. Katie Cline The Killer Angels Book Review June 21, 2012 The Killer Angels by phd dissertation vita Michael Shaara: The Random House Publishing . Group, New York, 1974. The Killer Angels is a stunning recollection of the telltale battle of the Civil War: the Battle of want to be a yoga Gettysburg. Set from vita, June 29 to July 3, 1863 and told from the vantage points of several soldiers and thesis, commanding officers from both sides, including Lee, Longstreet, and Chamberlain, Michael Shaara effectively paints a picture of the vita war that divided. American Civil War , Battle of Gettysburg , Confederate States Army 1654 Words | 5 Pages. ?City of Jacksonville The Killer Angels Written By Michael Shaara Allison Johnson 12/3/2013 Michael Shaara’s book, The Killer . Thesis! Angels , was about the phd dissertation Battle of Gettysburg during the Civil War times through different point of views. The point of views that these people used were from real historical people such as Confederate general Robert E. Lee, General James Longstreet and Union General Joshua Chamberlin. I believe that the author used those certain historical figures because they.
American Civil War , Army of Northern Virginia , Battle of Gettysburg 1103 Words | 4 Pages.
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Essay Of Rizal Essays and Research Papers. Larry S.Esperas One hundred fifty one years hitherto, a substantial Filipino in the illustrious epithet of Jose Protacio Rizal . Mercado y Realonda, extricated our predecessors from being slaves by deploying a taciturn yet strapping apparatus. Phd Dissertation! It was for his exertion that we are anon lodging on the snug threshold of freedom. By dint of download, his literary works ? essays , novels and articles. He brawled for vita, our territory’s liberty hostile to the Spanish settlers who subjugated us for three hundred thirty. El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Manila 1230 Words | 4 Pages. I. Essay Democracy Form! Seven (7) reasons/proof why Rizal is his parent’s child. 1. Vita! He is a religious man like his parent’s; he started reading the Bible at . a very young age. 2. He is a man of independent thought like his father.
3. He also inherited his passion in want to be a yoga essay, rhetoric from phd dissertation vita his mother. 4. He inherited his father’s strength, sturdiness, industry and independence. 5. He also inherited his father’s deep feeling of dignity, self-respect, serenity and poise, and essay democracy best form government, seriousness. . Ateneo de Manila University , El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal 751 Words | 3 Pages. Rizal Notes By fatz18angel | Feb. Phd Dissertation! 2012 Zoom In Zoom Out Page 1 of 5 LECTURE NOTES I. Introduction and why i want to be a yoga, significance of R.A. . Phd Dissertation! 1425 ( Rizal Law) II.
The world during Rizal’s times local conditions during Rizal’s times LECTURE NOTES I. Introduction and significance of R.A. 1425 ( Rizal Law) II. The world during Rizal’s times local conditions during Rizal’s times Chapter 1 Advent of download job resume, a National Hero Chapter 2 Childhood Years in Calamba Chapter 3 Early Education in Calamba and. Ateneo de Manila University , Bankruptcy in the United States , Calamba City 437 Words | 4 Pages. made an vita endeavour, a step towards liberty. Essay! Thousands of phd dissertation, Filipinos died and sacrificed their lives to democracy form satisfy their longing for vita, freedom. Heroes like Andres . Bonifacio and Lapu-lapu offered themselves without hesitation only for our motherland. Writing! Dr.
Jose Rizal was considered the Juan of phd dissertation vita, change; an eye opener for Filipinos who were allured by essay on stranded, all the mendacities of the wolves, but then the eyes was shut when he was killed for unfolding the anomalies of the Spaniards. River of flood gushed into the land before. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language 1250 Words | 5 Pages. 20th century, Rizal in the Philippines in the late 19th century. In an undated essay on education, La Instruccion, whose . manuscript is preserved in the Philippine National Library, Jose Rizal presented a critique on vita, primary instruction in the Philippines during the late 19th century and want to be teacher, provided suggestions for its improvement. Before taking further studies in Manila and Europe, Rizal was taught by his mother, private tutors and a small private school in Binan, thus his essay was based on. Andres Bonifacio , Christianity , Filipino language 856 Words | 3 Pages. ?LETTERS TO THE YOUNG WOMEN OF MALOLOS On February 22, 1889, Rizal wrote the famous letter now known as “To the Young Women of Malolos” . as per the request of Marcelo H. del Pilar. This famous letter was written by phd dissertation vita, Rizal in why i, Tagalog while he was residing in phd dissertation, London. Why I! The story behind this letter is as follows: On December 12, 1888, a group of 20 young women from Malolos petitioned Governor-General Weyler for permission to open a “night school” so that they could study Spanish under Teodoro Sandiko.
Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language , Filipino mestizo 1596 Words | 4 Pages. Birth and Family Life Jose Rizal was born on June 19, 1861. It was a Wednesday evening in Calamba, Laguna, and his mother nearly died in the . process. He was baptized three days later, on June 22, by the parish priest of the Catholic church in phd dissertation, his town, Fr. Rufino Collantes from why i to be essay Batangas. Vita! His godfather, Fr. Pedro Casanas, was a close family friend. Download! Rizal's mother named him after St. Joseph, to whom she was ardently devoted.
He was born in Calamba, Laguna (a few kilometers south of Manila) on. Calamba City , Jose Rizal , Laguna 1125 Words | 4 Pages. AN ESSAY ABOUT JOSE RIZAL Who is Jose Rizal to common people? What is the impact of vita, his life, woks and . writings? When we ask most average persons today these questions, they might answer something like, he is our national hero, he died in Bagumbayan, and he wrote two great novels. Beyond that nothing more is explicitly said about Jose Rizal . As I read through the sample masters thesis, chapters of the book I have come discover many more things that is admirable about this man. In his childhood, he wrote a poem to. El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Manila 1132 Words | 3 Pages. RIZAL : Filipino patriots who were brutally tortured to implicate Rizal : * Deodato Arellano * Dr. Phd Dissertation Vita! Pio Valenzuela * . Moises Salvador * Jose Dizon * Domingo Franco * Timoteo Paez December 29, 1896 – Rizal was formally notified of the court’s verdict: death. “Imitation of Christ” by Thomas a Kempis - always had with him ( Rizal ). Documentary and Testimonial evidence presented against Rizal : * A letter of Antonio Luna to Mariano Ponce * A letter of Rizal to his family . Filipino people , Katipunan , Manila 1159 Words | 5 Pages.
EVENTS Rizal departed for Spain secretly for two reasons and those were (1) to avoid detection by the Spanish authorities and the friars . and essay on stranded island, (2) his parents do not know about his departure. Rizal went abroad to observe keenly the life and culture, languages and customs, industries and commerce, and phd dissertation vita, governments and laws of the European nations in job resume, order to prepare himself in the mighty task in liberating his oppressed people from Spanish tyranny. On his travel to Spain, Rizal had seen and. Cortes Generales , Francisco Franco , Jose Rizal 731 Words | 3 Pages. JOSE PROTACIO RIZAL MERCADO Y ALONZO REALONDA Calle Real, Rizal Shrine Calamba, Laguna 0915-5774925 [email protected] . OBJECTIVE: To share a heart of phd dissertation, a Filipino nationalist and inspire all the Filipino youth today EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND: 1887 Eye specialization course, PhD University of Heidelberg 1885 Philosophy and download job resume, Letters, PhD 1884 Licentiate in Medicine Universidad Central de Madrid 1878-1882 Opthalmology (undergraduate) 1877-1878 Philosopy.
Bachelor's degree , Filipino people , Jose Rizal 278 Words | 3 Pages. GROUP 2 :RIZAL’S ESSAYS ORTEGA, OLLERO PASTRANA PENALOSA PFLEIDER To the young women of Malolos (London, February 22, . 1889) This famous letter was written by phd dissertation, Rizal in Tagalog, while he was reading in essay on stranded island, London, upon the request of M.H. del Pilar. The story behind this letter is this; On December 12, 1888, a group of phd dissertation vita, twenty young women of Malolos petitioned Goveror-General Weyler for schoolers, permission to open a “night school” so that they might study Spanish under Teodoro Sandiko. Andres Bonifacio , Bulacan , Filipino language 851 Words | 4 Pages. Jose Rizal is a 1998 Filipino biographical film of the vita, Philippine national hero Jose Rizal directed by creative, Marilou Diaz-Abaya and phd dissertation vita, . starring Cesar Montano as Jose Rizal . At the time of its release, it was the structure, most expensive film in phd dissertation vita, the history of Philippine cinema with a budget of over contests PhP.80 million. The film was an official entry to the 1998 Metro Manila Film Festival. Upon release, the film met a universal critical acclaim. Plot Imprisoned in Fort Santiago under the abusive Spanish colonization.
Cesar Montano , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 959 Words | 3 Pages. RIZAL IN DAPITAN From June 17, 1892 to July 31, 1896, Dapitan became the bare witness to one of the most fruitful periods in Rizal's life. . His stay in the province was more than he was living in exile. It was the period when Rizal had been more focused on phd dissertation, serving the why i to be a yoga essay, people and the society through his civic works, medical practices, land development, promotion of education and of course, coming accross with his one true love, Josephine Bracken. The part of Rizal's life where he came to know. Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 1084 Words | 3 Pages. the important claims of phd dissertation vita, Renato Constantino, which supports his negative thesis of want to be essay, Rizal , was the refusal of the latter to align with the . Phd Dissertation Vita! Philippine Revolution.
This argument was based on the documentary evidence’s such as Rizal’s manifesto to the Filipino people, and Dr. Pio Valenzuela’s 1896 testimonial. Download Job Resume! Quibuyen’s article, Rizal and the Revolution the same core Constantino evidences were used to debunk the anti- Rizal thesis and phd dissertation vita, further prove Rizal’s participation of the Revolution. Essay Structure! Discuss thoroughly. Colonialism , Emilio Aguinaldo , Katipunan 1147 Words | 4 Pages. Carezza Marie P. Phd Dissertation! BS Architecture Life and Works of Rizal MWF | 4:00-5:00 Is Rizal a hero, saint or martyr? Who is . Rizal ? Jose Rizal , the national hero of the Philippines and pride of the Malayan race, was born on June 19, 1861, in the town of writing for high, Calamba, Laguna. He was the seventh child in a family of 11 children. Both his parents were educated and belonged to distinguished families. Phd Dissertation! His father, Francisco Mercado Rizal , an industrious farmer whom Rizal called a model of fathers, came from Binan, Laguna;.
Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Jose Rizal 808 Words | 3 Pages. Rizal’s Journey in island, Hong Kong and vita, Macao Hounded by powerful enemies, Rizal was forced to leave his country for the second . time in contests for high, February 1888. He was then a full-grown man of phd dissertation, 27 years of age, a practicing physician, and a recognized man-of-letters. • February 3, 1888 - after a short stay of six months in his beloved Calamba, Rizal left Manila for for high, Hong Kong. He was sick and sad. Phd Dissertation Vita! To aggravate his discomfiture, he was sick during the creative for high schoolers, crossing of the choppy China Sea. • February 7. China , Chinese language , Chinese New Year 871 Words | 3 Pages. RIZAL Chapter7-Paris to Berlin Chapter 7 Paris to Berlin (1885-87) ? Rizal went to Paris and Germany in order to phd dissertation vita . specialize in ophthalmology. Download Job Resume! ? He chose this branch because he wanted to cure his mother’s eye ailment. Phd Dissertation! In Gay Paris (1885-86) ? After studying at essay structure the Central University of Madrid, Rizal , who was then 24 yrs old, went to vita Paris to acquire more knowledge in essay island, ophthalmology. ? Maximo Viola – a medical student and a member of a rich family of phd dissertation vita, San Miguel, Bulacan ? Senor. Anthropology , Baden-Wurttemberg , Berlin 876 Words | 4 Pages. Relevance of Jose Rizal Today Dr Jose Rizal , national hero of the on stranded, Philippines The following article about Dr Jose . Rizal is vita, widely circulated on the Internet in celebration of Rizal Day which is essay structure, observed every 30th day of December, the vita, day he was executed in Bagumbayan by sample masters thesis proposal, Spanish authorities, more than 100 years ago. To preserve the originality of the vita, report,I am presenting it the same way it is sample thesis proposal, found on the Internet and as written by two sources of information, for which I express my indebtedness.
Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 1964 Words | 7 Pages. administration in the colony. In 1853 to 1898, there were 41 political dictum who held office in the Philippines. In 1885 to phd dissertation 1896, during the regency of . Download Job Resume! Queen Ma. Cristina there were four assign to vita the colonial government and two acting capacity. Rizal observes in sample thesis, his Noli Me Tangere that Governor-General was talking to Crisostomo Ibarra about his burdens he weigh in his shoulder. About his hardship of pleasing the King Minister and worst is when he consult the mother country about phd dissertation, his proposal which.
Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Jose Rizal 932 Words | 3 Pages. ? 1. Rizal as a lover ----- was he a womanizer or a chick boy? Defend your answer. Rizal had the impression of being a . Writing! womanizer because if his past relationships with many women. Vita! (Segunda Katigbak, Leonor Valenzuela, Vicenta Ybardaloza, Leonor Rivera, Consuelo Ortiga, Nelly Boustead, Suzanne Jacoby, Usui Seiko, Gertrude Beckett, and Josephine Bracken). Truly, these were just serial relationships which mean most of them were not serious. Only Josephine Bracken was the essay, only one he lived within. Antonio de Morga , British Empire , Filipino people 1498 Words | 5 Pages. Rizal Submitted by: Jose Marcko Durano Submitted to: Sir Parawan Rizal , American sponsored Hero . Phd Dissertation! | Rizal was an thesis proposal American-sponsored hero | Rector’s Bill |Claro M. Recto Foundation | Why is Rizal the National hero? |Jose Rizal | Discovery in Binyan Jose Rizal |Jose Rizal . Andres Bonifacio , Honore de Balzac , Jose Rizal 413 Words | 5 Pages.
quibuyen's rizal ; by: joyce anne tuliao A Nation Aborted By Floro Quibuyen What was Rizal’s vision? Rizal’s vision was of the nation as . an ethical community, a vision of an inclusive nation without borders, and not of phd dissertation vita, a sovereign nation demarcated by a territory and want teacher, protected by the armature of the state. He was convinced that the vita, road to national liberation, to freedom and justice, was not via the violent seizure of state power—wherein today’s slaves become tomorrow’s tyrants. The Historians… . Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 894 Words | 3 Pages. Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896) is the most venerated and sample thesis proposal, acclaimed patriot in the . Philippines recognized for his unselfish and non-violent contributions to the historical and social transformations in phd dissertation vita, the country. He is one of the national heroes of the Philippines regarded by download job resume, the National Heroes Committee, together with Andres Bonifacio. He was the most prominent advocate for reform in phd dissertation vita, the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era that led. Andres Bonifacio , Calamba City , Jose Rizal 780 Words | 3 Pages. CHAPTER 5 : Rizal in Paris and Germany * Rizal went to Paris and Germany in order to specialize in ophthalmology, - a . branch of medical science dealing with the anatomy, functions and diseases. * Rizal was just only 24 y/o when he went Paris to on stranded on an study ophthalmology.
STOPOVER AT BARCELONA * To visit his friend MAXIMO VIOLA, a medical student and a member of a rich family in San Miguel, Bulacan. Phd Dissertation Vita! November 1885-February 1886 * Rizal worked as an assistant to Dr. Louis de Weckert. Berlin , East Germany , Germany 741 Words | 3 Pages. Works and Writings 1. Brief . 3. Rizal Life Works Writings Summary 1 - Scribd . www.scribd.com/doc/68182467/ Rizal -Life-Works-Writings-Summary-1? * Oct 10, 2011 - Rizal Life Works Writings Summary 1 - Download as Text file (.txt), PDF File (.pdf), Word Doc (.doc) or read online. 4. Summary of writing, Rizal's Life, Works and Writings 220.127.116.11:8080/course/info.php?id=195? * This course presents a historical-thematic account of the life of vita, Rizal , the want to be a yoga teacher, society he lived and the works he. Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 543 Words | 3 Pages. Synopsis Jose Rizal was born on June 19, 1861, in Calamba, Philippines. While living in Europe, Rizal wrote about the . discrimination that accompanied Spain's colonial rule of his country. He returned to the Philippines in 1892, but was exiled due to his desire for reform.
Although he supported peaceful change, Rizal was convicted of phd dissertation, sedition and essay of dna, executed on December 30, 1896, at age 35. CONTENTS Synopsis Early Life Writing and Reform Exile in the Philippines Execution and Legacy QUOTES . Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 504 Words | 3 Pages. M. Cecilio B .Jose Rizal C. Silvestre Ubaldo D. Doctor Uliman 2. Who wrote the German poem that Rizal translate into . Vita! Tagalog? A. Fray Rodriguez B. Lt. Jose Taviel de Andrade C. Father Rector Gregorio Echavarria D. Von Wildenath 3. He is a liberal-minded Spaniard, who knows that Rizal life was in Jeopardy because the on stranded on an, friars were powerful. A. Fr.
Francisco de Paula Sanchez B. Von Wildenath C. Governor General Terrero D. Lt. Jose Taviel De Andrade 4. Rizal wrote down the findings. Andrade , CALABARZON , Calamba City 803 Words | 3 Pages. RIZAL IN PARIS After completing his studies in Madrid, Rizal went to phd dissertation vita Paris and Germany to structure of dna specialize ophthalmology. He studied . this field to be able to cure his mother’s eye ailment. He served as an assistant to famous ophthalmologists in Europe. He also continued his travels and observations on European life and customs, government and laws in Paris and Germany. * In Gay Paris * 24 years old, already a physician * On his way to phd dissertation vita Paris, he stopped at on stranded island Barcelona to meet his friend, Maximo.
Berlin , Calamba City , Germany 2149 Words | 7 Pages. CHAPTER 1 : ADVENT OF NATIONAL HERO JUNE 19, 1861 – the day when Jose Rizal was born JOSE RIZAL - The greatest hero of the . Philippines - “many – splendored genius” - dowered by God superb “intellectual”, - “moral” and “physical qualities” - a man of phd dissertation, many talents - a martyr and a patriot ? WORLD WHEN RIZAL WAS BORN 1861 PAX HISPANICA – reigned over the archipelago GOV. Of Dna! JOSE LEMERY – the phd dissertation vita, governor general – a good militarist amp; established politico military over sample masters thesis Visayas amp; Mindanao . Calamba City , Family , Grandparent 1120 Words | 5 Pages. know what happened to Leonor Rivera. His education, work and writings of Rizal including his associations with professors, scholars and vita, . Why I To Be A Yoga Teacher Essay! scientist made him famous in Europe. He may wanted to phd dissertation see the effect of the ” Noli Me Tangere” in first hand to his people and the abusive Spanish authorities. He had a delightful trip from Europe to Manila. It was also a happy homecoming in Calamba, Laguna . However, the thesis, family of Rizal knew that they were plotting to be killed because of his writing in “Noli. Calamba City , Dominican Order , Filipino people 3334 Words | 7 Pages. Summary: The film started with a scene showing Jose Rizal writing while narrating about Spanish abuses during his time. The film shows how . the friars mistreat Filipino women, how they beat children and phd dissertation, students when being disciplined and democracy, how they drag Filipino workers when they are being punished.
In the film, he also narrated how he put himself as a character, Crisostomo Ibarra and Elias, in his novels because like what Ibarra portrays in the novel, he also wants revolution. When his novel was. Andres Bonifacio , Complutense University of Madrid , Jose Rizal 2282 Words | 6 Pages. The film starts with Dr. Jose Rizal (Cesar Montano) in Ghent, Belgium, supposedly writing his second novel, El Filibusterismo. As the phd dissertation vita, narration . during the opening minutes continued, scenes that illustrate Rizal’s first novel, “Noli Me Tanger” was shown and Crisostomo Ibarra and his alter ego, Simoun, (Joel Torre) was introduced. This stood more as a second story of the movie as the said scenes progress throughout the want teacher essay, movie as Rizal’s thoughts.
As the two novels spread throughout the Philippines. Andres Bonifacio , Cesar Montano , Jose Rizal 1048 Words | 3 Pages. ophthalmologist in Hong Kong Rizal gained many clients •December 1, 1891 -He wrote to his parents asking there permission to return to the . Phd Dissertation! Philippines - on short, the same date he receive news from his brother-in-law That Don Francisco, neneng, sisa, and Paciano and other calambeno were rusticated. Christmas 1891 -He was visited by his family in Hong Kong but he was saddened because of his mothers situation. •His family saw the difference in the life of Rizal when he was in the Philippines. Calamba City , Filipino people , Hong Kong 409 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- Rizal sa Dapitan From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | This article does . not cite any references or sources. Phd Dissertation Vita! Please help improve this article by adding citations to essay on stranded on an reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Phd Dissertation Vita! (March 2011) | Rizal sa Dapitan (lit. Rizal in Dapitan), is a 1997 film adaptation of life of the Filipino national hero Dr.
Jose Rizal , starring Albert Martinez as Jose Rizal and writing contests, Amanda Page as Josephine Bracken, the phd dissertation vita, screenplay. Creative Commons , Jimmy Wales , Jose Rizal 477 Words | 3 Pages. ? Archaeologist Rizal studied monuments and antique currency everywhere he went. He drew most of the monuments he saw. An archaeologist is . one who investigates the relics of Ancient Peoples and Civilizations, such as old jars, tools, weapons, jewelries, and ruins of buried cities and temples. Rizal acquired his knowledge of archeology from his reading books on history and archaeology. During his exile in Dapitan, Rizal explored the caves, inlets, and mountains near the town. Want A Yoga Teacher! He made his greatest. Andres Bonifacio , Archaeology , Jose Rizal 853 Words | 5 Pages. in Binan, Laguna, a year before the nation celebrates the 150th birth anniversary of the vita, national hero, Jose Rizal . At the center of the . brewing controversy is an ancient bahay na bato (Spanish colonial stone house) known as the Alberto House. Obscured by the controversy over the house's sale and heritage value is the family relationship between Rizal and the Albertos of short essay democracy best, Binan.
All Rizal biographers agree that there is a blood relationship but disagree on the exact nature of the relationship. Jose. Ambeth Ocampo , Calamba City , Consanguinity 965 Words | 2 Pages. Reform movement did not cause the Revolution DICHOTOMY: REFORM REVOLUTION Renato Constantino Echoed Agoncillo Accepts: Essentialist characterization of . Agoncillo DICHOTOMY RIZAL BONIFACIO 3. Phd Dissertation! NOT based on historical FACTS FACTS: (REFORMIST) Province of Spain NOT for INDEPENDENCE Anti-Friar NOT anti-SPANIARD Not for short democracy government, Armed Revolution RIZAL : El Fili and Manifesto to the Filipino People Denounced the Revolution Antonio Luna: x Katipunan 4. MIDDLE CLASS Illustrados Economic interest Cautious and conservative. Andres Bonifacio , El filibusterismo , Filipino people 1083 Words | 3 Pages. 1. What do you think is the contribution of phd dissertation, Rizal’s parents’ qualities of the shaping of his personality that made him later hero? When Jose . Democracy Best Government! Rizal is still a child his mother taught him to read a book even if he is only 3 years old of age at phd dissertation vita that time. His father is called to be “haciendero”, “mercado” and capitanes of the why i a yoga teacher, town which they were born. Rizal described his father as “a model of fathers” because his father Don Francisco gave all their needs just to phd dissertation vita have a good life even if building.
Filipino people , Jose Rizal , Manila 1395 Words | 4 Pages. Town): * A poem wrote by Rizal when he was 15 years old and was a student of Ateneo De Manila. * B. Earliest Childhood Memories . * At the age of three, Rizal was a frail, sickly and undersized, so he was given the tenderest care by his parents. During childhood memory, he was know how to pray the angelus. The imaginary tales by aya (nurse maid) makes Rizal enduring interest in download, legends and folklore. * C. Hero’s First Sorrow * The first sorrow of Rizal was brought by the death of. Angelus , CALABARZON , Jose Rizal 1116 Words | 4 Pages. ”The leading authority among the oculist of France” It was from him that Rizal learned various types of surgery, including the cataract-surgery . technique he used to treat his mother. * Dr.
Otto Becker (1828–1890) was a pioneer in ophthalmic pathology who wrote numerous works about the phd dissertation, eye. He wrote a text on the anatomy of the normal and diseased lens and collected more than 1,800 pathologic specimens. Sample Masters Thesis! From him Rizal learned the basics of ophthalmological examination and diagnosis. Phd Dissertation! . El filibusterismo , Filipino language , Jose Rizal 581 Words | 3 Pages. social unrest among the natives. Jose Rizal , at age 35 was the greatest political enemy of Spain in masters thesis, the Philippines with his . Phd Dissertation! exceptional linguistics ability and interest in to be essay, the science and arts Rizal was most effective in his campaign for freedom as a writer. Phd Dissertation Vita! His novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo were scratching indictments of short democracy best form government, Spanish Tyranny and church which came to acquire immense political power.
In Ghent, Belgium 1891 as Rizal narrates while he is writing the chapter. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Jose Rizal 1368 Words | 5 Pages. Paris to Berlin (1885-87) * Rizal went to Paris and Germany in order to specialize in ophthalmology. * To cure his mother’s illness. Vita! . Short Essay Democracy Government! * Barcelona - stopped in Barcelona to visit, Maximo Viola - Befriended Eusebio Corominas – editor of La publicidad. Don Miguel Morayta (owner) - Article on vita, the “Caroline’s Question” * In Gay Paris November 1885 (four months) - Worked as an assistant to Dr. Louis de Weckert , leading French Opthalmologist - Visited his friends: Tavera’s. Anthropology , Berlin , Germany 766 Words | 4 Pages. would also be a blessing/ to the future generations.// We remember today/ the short essay democracy government, legacy of the writer,/ the linguist,/ the anthropologist,/ the journalist,/ . the biologist,/ the phd dissertation, artist,/ the son,/ the Filipino icon,/ our national hero,/ Dr. Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonzo Realonda.// He was a fighter.// He fought /and died for short democracy form, a nation.// But when he died,/ he left his heart/ and gave his spirit back/ for the people he loved so dearly.// He is our liberator.// Intelligent that he was,/ at a young. Filipino people , Jose Rizal , Luzon 1027 Words | 3 Pages.
When Rizal Left New York for London From May 13-16, 1888, Dr. Phd Dissertation Vita! Jose P. Rizal stayed at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. It was one of . the best hotels in New York City at creative writing contests the time and phd dissertation, the building is job resume, now the location of the International Pencil Factory located at vita the Madison Park (incidentally where the Filipino Independence Day festival is held every year.) On May 16th, Jose Rizal gathered enough funds for a trip to London onboard the short essay government, luxurious liner CITY OF ROME. The Statue of Liberty was only 2 years. Jose Rizal , Manila , Philippines 894 Words | 3 Pages. A three-hour epic on the life and struggles of poet and patriot Jose Rizal , the national hero and martyr of the vita, Philippines, this film was . commissioned to download job resume mark the 1998 centennial of the country's independence from vita Spanish colonial rule. Rizal was a remarkably educated man; not only was he a writer, but he was also a painter, sculptor, doctor and surgeon, teacher, natural scientist, economist, engineer and theologian. He was an excellent fencer and marksman; he studied at colleges in Europe, America.
Cesar Montano , El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal 687 Words | 3 Pages. Tangere is structure of dna, Latin for Touch me not. According to Jose Rizal , the prevailing culture of injustice and oppression during that time was a . 'cancer' that was killing the Philippine society and culture. As we know, cancer growths should not be touched lest they metastasize to fatal (end-stage) proportions. Phd Dissertation Vita! Jose Rizal was a medical doctor after all. Noli Me Tangere laid the ground work for the two novels. There was actually a third one in the works but Rizal died before finishing it.
In Noli, he gave the reader. El filibusterismo , Harriet Beecher Stowe , Jose Rizal 1956 Words | 4 Pages. frame that says “National Hero – Jose Rizal ” (Figure 1). The narrator introduces two main characters – a director and a screenwriter – . brainstorming on a Rizal film project. It becomes clear that this is a meta-film, a film within a film. The two filmmakers embark on an investigative research to explore the creative writing contests schoolers, cinematic potential of Rizal’s biography.
We see a series of eclectic flash-cuts as the filmmakers review the phd dissertation, “omnipresence” of Rizal in Philippine culture. Rizal had been canonized as a saint by. Cannes Film Festival , Edgardo M. Reyes , Film crew 2001 Words | 6 Pages. stint as a town doctor in Calamba, Jose Rizal made changes in the plot and edited some chapters of the novel. * Gregorio Zaide noted that . Sample Thesis! Rizal finished the original manuscript of El Fili in Biarritz. Ambeth Ocampo, on the other hand, wrote that Rizal completed the manuscript in Brussels, Belgium. * It took three years for vita, Dr. Jose Rizal to finish El Fili. PUBLICATION OF EL FILIBUSTERISMO * Two Views * Gregorio Zaide * It was Jose Rizal who canvassed printing shops to why i to be teacher essay print.
El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Laguna 1163 Words | 4 Pages. Written Report Mariella Mae Corral Vergara II-BEED Rizal in London (1888-1889) Lived in vita, London May 1888 to Mar. A Yoga Essay! 1889 3 reasons why he . stayed there: 1)To improve the his knowledge of theEnglish Language 2)To study and annotate Morga’s Sucesosde Las Islas Filipinas 3)London was a safe place for him to phd dissertation carryon his fight against Spanish Tyranny Filipiniana studies, completing annotating Morga’s books, wrote many articles in download, La Solidaridad Penned Young Women of Malolos Life in London . Calamba City , Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language 592 Words | 3 Pages. RIZAL’S ANALYSIS OF THE CAUSES OF THE INDOLENCE OF THE FILIPINO PEOPLE Rizal pointed out that long before the vita, coming of the essay on an, Spaniards, the phd dissertation, . Filipinos were industrious and hardworking. It is the Spanish reign that brought about a decline in economic activities because of job resume, certain causes. Phd Dissertation! First, the establishment of the Galleon Trade cut off all previous associations of the short democracy, Philippines with other countries in Asia and the Middle East. Vita! As a result, business was only conducted with.
Emilio Aguinaldo , Faith , Filipino people 1715 Words | 5 Pages. ?Biarrritz Vacation and Romance with Nelly Boustead (1891) (CHAPTER 18) To seek solace for his disappointments in Madrid, Rizal took a . Why I Want To Be! vacation in theresort city of Biarritz on the fabulous French Riviera. He was a guest of the phd dissertation vita, richBoustead family at essay structure of dna its winter residence- Villa Eliada. He had befriended Mr.Boustead and his wife and phd dissertation, the two charming daughters Adelina and Nellie. Hewas used to structure of dna fence with the Boustead sisters at vita the studio of Juan Luna. It was inBiarritz where he had a serious romance. El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Philippine Revolution 1998 Words | 6 Pages. First Homecoming From 1882 to 1887, Rizal was in Europe studying.
There he was allured, fascinated and have all the masters, beautiful memories . throughout his sojourn. But this will not make Rizal forget his fatherland and his nationality. After 5 years of memorable adventure in Europe, he returned to the Philippines in August 1887 and practiced medicine in Calamba. Although his life is threatened because his Noli Me Tangere caused uproar especially among the friars, he insists on returning home. He has.
Calamba City , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 1918 Words | 6 Pages. what evil things they’re making out. Unite as one and light up the fire in our mind and soul. Through the vita, elements of the strong, powerful, and very . Masters Thesis Proposal! influential books of Dr. Vita! Jose Rizal , we Filipinos, are able to wake up in our long time of sleeping. It is true that pen is island, sharper than a sword.
It’s been 150 years when Rizal gave his life to our country for us to be awaken in the abuses, wrong doings, and treats of Spaniards to the Filipinos. It’s been a very long time but his advocacy of opening the. Jose Rizal , Manila , Paciano Rizal 1268 Words | 3 Pages. press Berliner Buchdruckrei-Action-Gesselschaft F. MEYER- VAN LOO PRESS 11. Token for vita, the financer Galley proofs of the creative schoolers, Noli carefully rolled around the . Phd Dissertation! pen that Rizal used in why i to be a yoga essay, writing it and phd dissertation vita, a complimentary copy. Original Manuscript and job resume, an autographed printed copy. 12. Critics of the vita, novel ? In citing the Biblical source, Rizal made a mistake. It should be the Gospel of St. John not St.
Luke. ? Unlike many works of fictional literature, Noli Me Tangere was a true story of Philippine conditions. El filibusterismo , Harriet Beecher Stowe , Jose Rizal 486 Words | 3 Pages. it will be from the hands of the essay on stranded on an, oppressed But, are these people ready for a change like his? Are they free? Or even independent . individuals?
Can they handle a very huge responsibility of taking care of a country. Rizal saw the phd dissertation, condition of the download, world… ***Other countries (super powers) might colonize us … England – in phd dissertation, India, Singapore, Hong Kong and Shanghai Germany- doesn’t want any conflict with other Super Powers France- in schoolers, Vietnam . Colonialism , Future , Manila 431 Words | 3 Pages. Reaction About Rizal the Movie - Essay. Reaction about vita, Rizal the movie: First of all, I want to criticize the whole movie first, the movie was great so is the sample masters thesis, stars who acted upon . the phd dissertation, characters who was born on late 1800’s when Dr. Essay On An Island! Jose Rizal lived as a hero, a champion to all Filipino from the Spanish tyranny. This movie really portrays the all the different kinds of emotion exerted by all filipinoes in phd dissertation vita, the hands of the Spanish government. In terms of Rizal’s life, although they didn’t exactly tell all of essay on stranded on an island, his exploits, we can see through. Cesar Montano , Filipino people , Filipinos of Spanish descent 963 Words | 3 Pages. allowed to hold parishes.
June 1872 The hero’s mother was accused and arrested on malicious charge that she aided her brother, Jose Alberto, in trying to . poison Alberto’s wife. She was forced to walk on foot from Calamba to Santa Cruz. Jose Rizal experienced the injustice of the Spanish authorities. This event in phd dissertation, his life was inculcated in his mind and creative for high schoolers, opened his eyes to reality and dreamed to have equality between Filipinos and Spaniards before the vita, law. This event shows how Spaniards manipulate. Ateneo de Manila University , Calamba City , Education in Scotland 725 Words | 3 Pages. Philippine Revolution and creative for high schoolers, Premium Rizal. An Essay On Rizal's Juventud flying. Phd Dissertation! The writer exhorts the reader to smash these chains and see the light.
Additionaly, Rizal . sees mother Spain as one who tries to make the youth see the light. Premium Essay On Rizal's Reforms if even those who made it do not know what they are implementing? If they are to put into action Rizals reforms regarding human rights, they should be appropriate. Premium Essay Of Rizal could read and write at the age of five. 10. At the on an island, age of vita, eight, Jose Rizal. Calamba City , Essay , Jose Rizal 647 Words | 3 Pages.
?JOSE RIZAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE COURSE SYLLABUS SUBJECT (3 units): History 23 COURSE TITLE: Life and Works of Rizal I. . Course Description Objectives A study of the life of why i teacher, Dr. Jose Rizal , national hero and martyr, and of his important works, particularly the Noli Me Tangere and the El Filibusterismo in their unexpurgated editions. Phd Dissertation! At the end of the course, the student is short essay democracy form government, expected to: 1. Phd Dissertation Vita! Understand the masters thesis, life, works and writings of Rizal particularly his moral and intellectual legacies. Andres Bonifacio , El filibusterismo , Filipino people 504 Words | 2 Pages.
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Edexcel GCSE Statistics Coursework. Extracts from this document. Edexcel GCSE Statistics 1389. PLANNING SHEET – MAYFIELD HIGH. My aim in this investigation is to query whether or not there is phd dissertation vita a correlation between height and weight and find out essay structure of dna if this varies between genders. Phd Dissertation. I believe that as a student becomes taller their weight will increase; due to this assumption I expect a graph of weight and height to show a rising trend. Listed below are my hypotheses.
With the cumulative frequency graph displaying weight, the female’s data produces an almost perfect S-shape curve, whereas the male’s data has, what seems to be, an anomaly (the third point allocated at on an island, the weight of phd dissertation, 45KG and cumulative frequency of 9) which affects its shape. For a symmetrical distribution, the median will lie halfway between the first and third quartile- neither of the medians lie halfway and so neither have exactly symmetrical distributions. The female’s median, however, is extremely close to essay best government being halfway between the two quartiles showing us a more symmetrical distribution than that of the males; this may explain the almost perfect curve on the frequency graph which the points plotted for phd dissertation, females produce. The inter-quartile range is a measure of the central tendency, much like the standard deviation. The advantage of the inter-quartile range over the standard deviation, however, is download job resume that the inter-quartile range includes half of the points regardless of the shape of the phd dissertation distribution. The smaller the inter-quartile range, the more consistent the data is. The inter-quartile range for the weights of download job resume, males appears to phd dissertation be 15 and the inter-quartile range for the weights of females is 10, 5 less than the males. This shows us the female’s weights are more consistent, another explanation as to why the download job resume female’s curve on the graph is phd dissertation vita closer to short democracy best government an S-shape than the males. Overall, it is phd dissertation evident from the cumulative frequency graph; females generally weigh less than males. Neither curves on the graph displaying height are perfect- nor near perfect, S-shape curves and neither median lies halfway between the why i want teacher essay first and third quartile, and so neither males nor females have symmetrical distributions.
The inter-quartile range for the heights of males appears to be equal to the females showing us both sexes have an equal consistency, nevertheless, it is clear males are generally taller than females as their mean is phd dissertation higher. After looking back at the cumulative frequency graphs it is evident, particularly for the height of males, that I could have grouped the data more clearly. The third and fourth row in the group of male heights show a frequency of 0, which has an download, effect on the S-shape of the curve on my graph, and possibly having an effect on the lower quartile. To improve I should have used unequal groupings to ensure no empty groups were present. Box plots are an phd dissertation vita, informative way to display a range of numerical data. It can show many things about a data set, like the lowest term in the set, the highest term in the set, the median, the upper quartile, and the lower quartile. Using these from download job resume my cumulative frequency curves, I have drawn four box plots. Outliers are not present in every box plot drawn, except one where there is an phd dissertation, extreme value which deviates significantly from the rest of the sample.The size of the box can provide an estimate of the kurtosis of the distribution. A thin box relative to the whiskers indicates that a very high number of cases are contained within a very small segment of the sample indicating a distribution with a thinner peak whereas a wider box is essay structure indicative of a wider peak and so, the wider the box, the more U-shaped the distribution becomes.
Looking at the box plots representing height, we can see the box plot for females is slightly more negatively skewed than that of the males, showing that most of the data are smaller values, proving females generally weigh less than males. Vita. The medians lie at the same point- 1.6M, and they both have an equal inter-quartile range, nevertheless, the why i want to be a yoga teacher tallest male is 0.5M taller than the tallest female. As both boxes are of equal size both distributions are equally U-shaped. The box represents the middle 50% of the data sample- half of phd dissertation, all cases are contained within it. Want Teacher. The 50% of data within the box for the males ranges between 1.55M and 1.7M whereas for the females it ranges between 1.5M and 1.65M, showing us females are generally shorter than males. Looking at the box plots for weight, we see that half the female's weights are between 45 and phd dissertation 55KG whereas half the men's weights lie between 45 and 60KG. The highest value for females is sample masters proposal 70KG (ignoring the outlier) and for phd dissertation, males: 75KG, the median for the males’ weight is on stranded on an island 5KG higher than that of the females. The lowest value which appears on the box plot for males is 30KG and the highest is 75KG, giving us a range of 45KG. Looking at the same pieces of phd dissertation vita, data for sample masters thesis proposal, the females, we can work out that the range is in fact 5KG less than that of the males.
It is evident that the distribution of the female’s box plot has a thinner peak than the males attributable to the simple fact that the phd dissertation box of the female’s weight is download job resume far thinner than the males’. The distribution for the weight of males is, therefore, more U-shaped. The location of the box within the whiskers can provide insight on the normality of the sample's distribution, when the box is phd dissertation not centred between the whiskers, the sample may be positively or negatively skewed. If the box is shifted significantly to the low end, it is positively skewed; if the box is shifted significantly to the high end, it is essay structure negatively skewed, however, none of the four box plots are shifted significantly to either the high end or the vita low end. Nevertheless, if I were to be analytical, I could say both the on an island box plot showing the vita weights are positively skewed, despite them being insignificantly shifted to the lower end; they are edging more towards that direction than the opposite. Essay On An Island. These all illustrate that females do in fact generally weigh less than males. An outlier appears on the box plot showing the weights of females, this may be the result of an error in measurement, in which case it will distort the interpretation of the vita data, having undue influence on many summary statistics- for example: the mean , however, if the outlier is writing schoolers a genuine result, it is important because it may perhaps indicate an extreme of behaviour or may have been affected by external behaviour, for example, dietary habits. For this reason, I have left the outlier in phd dissertation vita, the data as I am not sure whether it be a genuine result or miscalculation, as a result of not having information on exercise or dietary habits. To conclude, it is construable that my hypothesis was in fact correct. It is thesis evident from vita all the graphs included that females are, in sample thesis, effect, generally shorter and vita weigh less than males. Whether this is attributable to, as studies show, the varied skeletons of the opposed sexes or the dissimilar hormones produced in creative writing for high schoolers, both female and male bodies, it is known females are generally shorter and weigh less than males.
When the average male and vita female both reach the age of 20 it is said ‘females are generally 10 percent shorter than males and 20 per writing contests, cent lighter’ and between the ages of 11 and phd dissertation 16 ‘males appear to generally be 15 percent taller and heavier than the female sex’. After comparing my results to essay structure of dna articles and published graphs on the internet, I am able to confirm that my hypothesis stating females are generally shorter and weigh less than males, was correct. After calculating the phd dissertation frequency density for the male and female heights and weights, I created four histograms; the advantage of sample thesis, a histogram is phd dissertation that it shows the shape of the distribution for a large set of data and so was therefore able to show me the shape of the masters thesis proposal distributions for phd dissertation, male and female heights and weights, however, when using histograms it is more difficult to compare two or more data sets as we are unable to read exact values as the data is writing for high grouped into categories. For this reason I used standard to show whether or not the data is normally distributed. From a first glance at the histograms it is easy to see they are not completely symmetrical but not entirely asymmetrical, I expect if I were to have used a larger sample the histograms would have appeared more symmetrical. Tables in which I used to create the histograms. From looking at the histograms, it is clear only two of these encompass curves which are appropriate to super impose normal distribution curves, and so for this reason I will not calculate the normal distribution. Vita. If I had, perhaps, selected a bigger sample it may have been possible to calculate the normal distribution as the histograms may have been more symmetrical.
After calculating the standard deviation, it is evident for both height and weight, that for the male data each value is closer to the central tendency meaning height and weight are normally distributed more so for on stranded on an island, males than females. Phd Dissertation. Again it is sample thesis clear males weigh less and are taller than females as the means for the males are higher than that of the vita femles. After calculating the spearman’s rank it is evident there is a correlation between height and weight, and writing for high the taller the person is the heavier they are, vice versa. There is phd dissertation a weak positive correlation between height and weight for females and a moderate positive correlation for males as it is slightly stronger. The height and weight of a person is download job resume affected by phd dissertation vita their age and gender. I assumed that in democracy best government, years 7-9 girls will generally be taller than boys- due to the fact girls tend to grow faster than boys during the early stages of development. Boys will, however, eventually grow taller and so in years 10-11 I assumed the number boys taller than girls will be greater. I was correct. Vita. I also expected the relationship between height and weight to masters show a rising trend, although both trends for phd dissertation, males and females were weak, they both showed this.
It can be seen from all the graphs included that females are, in effect, generally shorter and weigh less than males. Whether this is attributable to, the want essay varied skeletons of the opposed sexes or the dissimilar hormones produced, it has been proved females are generally shorter and weigh less than males. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related GCSE Height and phd dissertation Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations essays.
Maths Statistics Coursework - relationship between the weight and height. 11 Girls: 86?1183?50=4 girls Now that I have calculated the number of boys and girls that have to be sampled from each year group, I can now sample randomly from my database that displays all the details of every boy and girl in the Mayfield High School from years 7 to 11. of the job resume male and female people in vita, my sample. Short Government. A box plot will be plotted to phd dissertation show the inter-quartile range and to see who is more intellectually smarter (Male or female). Male Average SAT's Results Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 x ? 2 2 2 2 x ? The purpose of this research paper is to present our findings on how the . Why should we be bothered when it seems to most observers that boys are the authors of their own misfortune? (Noble, Brown Murphy, 2001, p.1). The answer is 'every underachieving boy is a small tragedy for the individual; but a cohort of underachieving men will be a huge problem for any society (Noble, Brown Murphy, 2001, p.1).
Conduct an investigation comparing height and weight from pupils in Mayfield School. So therefore this meant that my hypothesis was correct but not very accurate because my results indicate that my hypothesis is generally correct but not for all students. I then hypothesised that separating boy and girls would produce stronger correlation, and my results indicated that my new hypothesis was correct. Offers and Stipulation in Lonely Hearts Advertisements: A Comparison of Gender and Age. or opinions, so it could be taken either way; that he wants an want to be a yoga teacher, open-minded partner or he maybe implying that he wants someone with similar interests. Open-minded friendly, considerate male, 41, 5'8, slim build, blue/brown, loves eating out, day-trips, boot-sales, seeks like-minded female for happy times. Statistics GCSE Coursework. Height and weight of pupils.
The sampling method I am . 35 97.5 -8 64 1.45 92 72 3.5 88.5 7832.25 1.44 93.5 49 57.5 36 1296 1.44 93.5 49 57.5 36 1296 1.42 95.5 34 100 -4.5 20.25 1.42 95.5 52 44 51.5 2652.25 1.39 97 42 82.5 14.5 210.25 1.36 98 44 78.5 19.5 380.25 1.32 99 48 63. What affects a persons ability to estimate? In a graph I think these results would be easier to compare, therefore below is a column chart to evaluate both sets of results: Observations and phd dissertation vita conclusions: - The column chart shows that the essay females are on average better at vita, estimating then males. Mayfield School Mathematics Statistics Coursework. Below is a table illustrating these values: Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient Males Females 0.96 0.68 [Table 5: Male / Female Product-Moment Correlation Coefficients] The calculation of the product-moment correlation coefficient is such that it will lie between 1 and -1, with 1 meaning that there is perfect positive correlation, 0 no correlation and -1 perfect negative correlation. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and creative writing feedback to. improve your own work. Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest?
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