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ESSAY - THE WHITE HOUSE DIET - NYTimes com
Anne Truitt Vs. On The White House? Anne Truitt#8230;and Uncle Clem. Had they been monochrome, the short essay questions hatchet #8220;objects#8221; in essays on the white Truitt#8217;s 1963 show would have qualified as first examples of orthodox Minimal Art and with the essay questions help of monochrome the artist would have been able to dissemble her feminine sensibility behind a more aggressively far-out non-art look, as so many masculine Minimalists have their rather feminine sensibilities. Clement Greenberg , #8220;Truitt: Changer ,#8221; Vogue Magazine,1968. Reprinted: The Collected Essays and Criticism: Modernism with a Vengeance 1957-1969 . Problems in Art Criticism: A Cautionary Tale? From James Meyer#8217;s finely wrought interview in Artforum (May 2002) we learn of Anne Truitt#8217;s double-life: #8220;I worked in between carpools and buying food and cooking and whatever else I had to do. I lived an outside life, but really I was living an inside life.#8221; Divorced at last, she also was lucky enough to on the white have a Guggenheim grant that allowed her to build a separate studio in her backyard. This separation shows in her art.
And there is no doubt that she was an odd duck: passive-aggressive, self-involved. She came from a #8220;good#8221; family, as did her husband. In fact, she admits she was attracted to him because, she says, he looked like her. Later, in and around the D.C. Write Personal Essay? area, they were not exactly an invisible couple. Essays? They were associated with that moment#8217;s Camelot. Term Lab Papers? Perhaps counting on an image of political naivety, she admitted many of her D.C. On The House? friends were in essay the C.I.A . Her husband James Truitt was personal assistant to essays white the publisher of the powerful Washington Post and was even at changing attitudes one point publisher of ArtNews. Thus ensued her curious life, moving here and there wherever hubby was employed, because she was the good and obedient wife and mother #8212; on the surface. Essays White? Of course she never admits that some of the marital problems she encountered may not have been entirely her husband#8217;s fault. She seems quite indifferent.
They divorced; he remarried and moved to Mexico and writer beatles traducida, later committed suicide. Figuratively speaking, she doesn#8217;t bat an essays on the white eyelash. She is also icy about the mysterious love-diary written by a close friend who was one of JFK#8217;s secret flings, or why it was sought by the CIA, or what Truitt or her husband had to do with the scandal. Term Lab Papers? Perhaps that is a mercy. Another Truitt text has been released on online by the Archives of American Art of the Smithsonian Institutions. It is the essays on the white house entire transcript of short essay questions, a long and boring oral-history interview.
Read it and essays on the white house, weep. There is hardly anything about Truitt#8217;s art, and alas, the details of her domesticity are tedious. A life unedited is a life unseen. Even when she starts to make art, we don#8217;t care a fig. Changing Attitudes Essay? And neither does she, or so it seems. I thought I would find more details about her dealings with critic Greenberg or even juicy tidbits about JFK. No such luck.
There is, however, one surprise. When Truitt moved with her husband to Japan for a year or so, one of essays on the white house, her few friends was the Artopia-approved James Lee Byars, who at one point gave her an artwork that required she destroy it: I have not destroyed it. Questions Hatchet? Imagine destroying it. I wasn#8217;t going to do that. Essays On The White? But that was the history whole essence of what his work was about, coming into being and going out of being, and about the passage of on the white, time. But we mustn#8217;t go off on him, because I could talk about him for hours. Term Lab Papers? A very interesting man and a real friend, and essays on the white, the only person in essay all of Japan that I found with whom I could really talk. We used to converse back and forth. Compatible. He was compatible. Essays On The White? Mad.
Quite mad, but compatible. Finally, he ran out of money, but that was usual; he never had any money. Writing Statement Paper? But he ran out of his visa, and that was a serious matter. Then they were going to on the house deport him, so I called Maurice Tuchman at the Los Angeles County Museum. And greatly to his credit and forever to his credit, he met him at the airport.
I put him on the plane in Japan and Maurice Tuchman met him in L.A. and annotation, took him under his wing and launched him into America. And then there are her books of writings. Here#8217;s a sample quote from a sheet produced by the gallery that now handles her work: Having taken off from the houses, trees, fences, and fields of my childhood#8230;I very soon found that I was leaving the literal object behind#8230;I discovered form and color, and on the, ultimately to the work I am doing now, at write personal essay once more austere in white house structure and more expressive in color#8230;. May 3,1975, Daybook. And similar cliches. They have the considered pomposity of short essay hatchet, a nun or a schoolmarm and are in the tiresome Willa Cather declarative mode.
Truitt, alas, seems also to aspire to that pinnacle of pomposity reached by house, Georgia O#8217;Keeffe. Problem: Must a critic consult an artist#8217;s life, statements, interviews? Answer: It may be risky. Beatles? Articulation is not the product of intelligence; it is intelligence. Of course, one may be visually, rather that verbally, intelligent or physically intelligent like a dancer. Essays On The White House? We cannot expect all artists to be verbally intelligent, can we? The MoMA Syndrome Strikes Again! I have never really dealt with Truitt (1921-2004) in any serious way, but, if the truth be known, she has over and over induced in me what everyone now calls The MoMA Syndrome.
As I explained in the last Artopia, we know what The Stendahl Syndrome is: Venice finally seen is simply too much. Newer and bibliography template, less known is The Paris Syndrome: tourists every year faint from disappointment when they finally see The City of Light. In a natural progression, I have identified The MoMA Syndrome as that feeling of disappointment when you finally see real art you have previously known only from reproductions. MoMA itself is not to blame; I merely use it as a symbol because it is lucky to have so many iconic artworks. The MoMA Syndrome can strike in any major museum and in commercial galleries, too. White House? The MoMA Syndrome is not without problems. At the risk of trafficking in paradoxes, there is the attitudes unavoidable deception that occurs when using superior imagery to illustrate art you find wanting. You undercut your text. It only sets up false expectations.
Should illustrations be eschewed? I was going to do that here, but thought better of it. The olive green/khaki monochrome, I reproduce is the best in the exhibition and shown all alone in a small room off the main exhibition space. Also, there is the scary hypothesis that when the reproduction is more attractive than what is being pictured, it might be the essays on the white house image that is really the statement art. Essays On The? Purification is objectification. Template? The virtual could become the fact. I look at slide projections and color reproductions in essays on the white books, magazines and now on bibliography template, the internet and always think that I love Truitt#8217;s work #8212; until I actually see it. In reality, the corners of the four-square columns are not crisp enough. The colors are lame and often pasty.
Those #8220;crowns#8221; and dropped-panty #8220;baseboards#8221; are arbitrary. Oh, how I would like to love her work. Other than Helen Frankenthaler, she was really the only woman in Greenberg#8217;s pantheon. And a Minimalist! Well, almost a Minimalist, as we shall see. On The White? Perhaps a Minimalist by default. And Then There Were Three. Kenneth Noland told David Smith about her, and Smith told critic Greenberg: #8220;And now there will be three,#8221; Truitt remembered Greenberg saying. Personal History? He meant Noland, Morris Louis, and herself. Mind you, I say, not feisty Gene Davis with his vertical stripes.
Not Sam Gilliam with his paint-soaked, unstretched, draped canvase. Not any other D.C. artist of the period. I should like Truitt because I do have a taste for reduced forms and for color, and, I confess, always seek the mystic. I should like her because she seems finally (she later claimed) not to have followed Greenberg#8217;s orders; she thought he wanted her to be less Minimal. I think she should have been more Minimal, but simply did not have the essays on the white house talent or the personal history nerve. I should like Truitt because she is a woman and there were very few female artists who made it through the hoop during the period of the William Rubin/Clem Greenberg autocracy. House? (I almost said #8220;anti-left#8221; autocracy.) Although we know Uncle Clem moved from the left to the right, probably after the Hitler-Stalin Pact, I have no idea what Rubin#8217;s politics were. Of course, many in the #8217;30s just gave up on Soviet Marxism, either transferring to Trotsky#8217;s Permanent Revolution or willfully sinking into history essay denial about the Stalin-Hitler deal, like my old friend Alice Neel. Rubin was curator at MoMA; his brother Lawrence was a successful art dealer with how shall I say it? #8212; overlapping art tastes.
He showed Frank Stella; MoMA showed Stella. In regard to Uncle Clem, what we have against him now is house, that after championing Jackson Pollock and David Smith, he was wrong forever after. Jules Olitski was not a great painter; sugary is not augury. He may have been right about Kenneth Noland (1924-2010), but the jury is still out. The Guggenheim, which hosted a Noland retrospective in 1977, has dredged up a four-painting memorial show in its Monitor Gallery, just off the fourth-floor ramp. And Half , 1959, a #8220;target#8221;, is quintessential. So too The Time (1967) in terms of the #8220;horizontals#8221; #8212; horizontal stripes, always wider than tall that seem vast and preternaturally flat at the same time.
Trans Shift , 1964, is a failure, like most of the short essay questions hatchet dynamic #8220;chevrons.#8221; Strand , 1981, is an irregular, 8-sided shaped canvas that, in my view, is on the, a disaster. While promoting some very minor talents indeed #8212; I am not here referring to Noland #8212; Clem was unremitting in his hatred of Pop and Minimalism. Attitudes Essay? Wrong, wrong. I mean, he was earlier wrong about de Kooning, so how could anyone thereafter trust him? Here is a video that shows Uncle Clem at his most rhetorically deceptive, for essays on the white house who among us would want easy art and who would not want personal taste challenged, along with popular taste? Come on, be a man. Minimalism in many ways developed out of Greenbergian formalism. Term Lab Papers? Without Greenberg, there would not have been a Stella. Why didn#8217;t he see that Stella#8217;s black pinstripes and even his protractor paintings are beautifully inert and self-referring? He could not have known in the #8217;60s that Stella would tank #8212; aesthetically speaking.
And after two MoMA exhibitions. Nor does it make sense that Greenberg was not really sold on Barnett Newman and certainly not Ad Reinhardt. House? Perhaps because Reinhardt stayed with his pre-War social commitments? Was Newman too much of an anarchist for beatles Clem#8217;s Cold War politics? But, oh, not only are we not to on the white house mix art and life, we are not to mix art and politics, unless it is right-wing politics.
In real life #8212; I only met him once Uncle Clem seemed benign and avuncular, and he certainly was not stupid. I had always admired his tough writing style. Here#8217;s a key paragraph that everyone knows by heart. It#8217;s wrong, but convincing because it sounds so good: T he essence of attitudes essay, Modernism lies, as I see it, in the use of characteristic methods of discipline to on the white house criticize the short essay questions discipline itself, not in on the white order to short questions hatchet subvert it but in order to entrench it more firmly in its area of competence. We were the house battling jurors of the Syracuse Scholar/Everson Museum of Art Drawing National in 1985. I was the curator of the Everson Museum upstate. I.M. Pei#8217;s photogenic building was already leaking and sinking.
Syracuse University, on the hill, was Uncle Clem#8217;s alma mater and he still had some roots in that God-forsaken brown-soil town, once a canal hub, once an term lab papers industrial center. What I remember most vividly is that he voted for any female nude, no matter how ineptly drawn. The old satyr. Interestingly enough, as I settled in as resident curator, local painters of a certain sort invited me to on the house make studio visits. Artists are everywhere. I was shocked that they expected me, like Uncle Clem, to tell them what to do. Beatles? There was even a Greenberg exercise they called #8220;Around the Clock.#8221; A painting would be rotated until Uncle Clem decided which end was up. Essays On The White House? I should like Truitt#8217;s work. But then I see the work in the flesh, as it were. There happens to be a goodly sampling now at Matthew Marks (522 W. 22 nd St., to June 26), and I found myself looking forward to it, but it turns out that I had to personal history essay circle and circle to house find the good pieces, separating out far too many failures.
Since Truitt#8217;s work is at least quasi-sculptural, the installation video on attitudes essay, the gallery website is better than most stills. Sculpture needs to be circled, and essays on the white, you need zooms and multiple points of view. But the camera eye always slicks up all surfaces and paper, textural discontinuities. Since we are all photographers, we can translate what we are looking at essays on the white house into the cyclopean view, which is rectangular, flat and divorced from larger relationships. The cyclopean fixed image, however, is difficult to reverse. Writing For Research? It sticks in the mind #8212; a memorial to the death of nuance, the destruction of time. Uh-oh. MoMA Syndrome at work? Or are these pillars really dull? Do I like that most of these cubic columns float an inch or so on on the house, hidden, recessed risers? It makes them less like Minimalist sculptures, that#8217;s for sure.
But does it make them more like paintings? Yes and term lab papers, no. Essays On The White House? And I do like the vacillations between painting and sculpture. Artopia will always be in annotation favor of the interstitial. How Greenberg liked Truitt#8217;s work is still a mystery. It really cannot fit into his evolutionary art-determinism #8212; Picasso leading to white David Smith in write the same way that fish lead to amphibians and amphibians to dinosaurs. Or the essays way feudalism, leads to annotation capitalism, which in turn must lead to communism. The Photogenic Jinx. To cut to the quick, Truitt#8217;s color/sculpture/things, like Pop Art, are photogenic. In real life, however, they disappoint. The works do not look good in groupings either.
She herself never conceived of essays on the white house, them that way. In fact, in the Myer interview she remembers her surprise at the installation of her first New York show at the Andre Emmerich Gallery in New York: Let me go back to annotation template February 1963, with these three menBill Rubin, Clem, and Ken [Noland]arranging the stuff in Andre#8217;s gallery. I was completely floored. I had never thought of the works together. I had simply thought of them as individual sculptures. I was astonished to see how they considered them in on the white house relation to one another. And they put two of them in the back room because they didn#8217;t #8220;fit.#8221; Greenberg lectured all and sundry that each medium should remain true to write essay itself. Painting should be flat and have no illusions #8212; no tin cans or beer cans stuck on. And certainly not be produced by switching a stuffed goat for essays stretched canvas.
He was a ruthless scold. Beatles? Now, of course, it is essays on the white house, easy to paper traducida see that at essays on the white house the root of this was something deeply sexual: his fear of the interstitial. Writer Beatles? Not all Pop artists were gay. Greenberg#8217;s accusation against essays on the white the Minimalists and what he calls #8220; their femininity#8221; (see quote at the top) is totally loony, unless in some backhanded way he wanted to indicate that everyone is both masculine and feminine. Certainly Truitt#8217;s signature artworks are formally interstitial #8212; neither painting nor sculpture, but something in between. But why was she the exception to Greenberg#8217;s dictum?
If her interviews are accurate, she had the charm of attitudes essay, a wet mink coat. Was it David Smith or Greenberg who was impressed by Truitt#8217;s social credentials? Is it permissible for a woman to be interstitial, but not a man? This time #8212; and I think my last time #8212; I determined that Truitt#8217;s least fussy pieces are the white house most successful. Yet I would have liked her to have taken another step. The contrasting horizontal bands at the crown and/or base of the already too figurative pillars are not integral or really very interesting. They are like accents, and whatever oppositions or dialogues they set up with the main color could well be eliminated. She couldn#8217;t take what can only be called the John McCracken leap into totally acompositional color. If she had fully embraced the monochromatic, she might have been able to say something truthful.
Two works by two contemporary women artists also bring up some critical problems, none of which have to paper beatles traducida do with feminist content per se . That content is now a given; we applaud such content. Essays White? Mary Carlson#8217;s Flag , a gigantic, handmade, artificially faded Old Glory now hanging in the strange glassed-in space at paper writer beatles Long Island University in on the white Brooklyn (Humanities Gallery, 1 University Place, to paper June 11), is a knockout. Inspired by faded 9/11 flags she had seen, it is not, however, her first handmade flag. She made all-white #8220;ghost#8221; American flags in the early #8217;90s, and again in #8217;07. Essays On The House? It was the January 2010 Campaign Financing Supreme Court ruling, allowing unlimited corporate political contributions, that caused her to take up needle and short questions, thread and sewing machine again, outdoing herself. The new #8220;old#8221; flag is perfect in scale and placement. I perused the images on her website: yes, there are other flags.
The flags are by essays house, far her strongest work. And if I were to #8220;Clem#8221; her, I#8217;d tell her to term lab papers stick to flags; she needs a little bit of branding. Besides, a giant handmade flag #8212; thank you Betsey Ross #8212; is white house, far different from an encaustic one concocted by Jasper Johns, but continues the argument with great force. Short Questions? Should I, a critic, be telling artists what to on the house do? Well, somebody has to keep them in line. Kate Gilmore#8217;s snazzy Walk the Walk , sponsored by the Public Art Fund, was on display in Bryant Park behind the main branch of the New York Public Library, May 10-14. We have already mentioned Gilmore#8217;s excellent video/performance in the Whitney Biennial. Trapped inside a double-walled, almost ceiling-high column of her own making, Gilmore, in a polka-dot dress, is seen from above kicking at the internal walls with her high heels trying to personal history essay get to the top of the column, revealing glimpses of yellow. Essays On The White? Will she make it to bibliography annotation the top to escape, or at least to turn off the video camera? We looked forward to seeing what Gilmore could do using seven women performers atop a yellow cube in the open air. Unlike Roberta Smith in the New York Times, we were not at essays on the white all disappointed.
In fact, camera in questions hand, yours truly thought it was so good he considered doing his first circumambulation appropriation, snapshoting as he slowly circled the canary-yellow cube. All in yellow skirts and white pumps, the essays on the white house women on top of the statement for research open cube walked aimlessly, randomly, but without being either sullen or sunny #8212; a neat trick. The yellow rhymed with passing taxicabs. The sound of heels could have been clog-dancing done by distracted deer. The spectacle made one think. A septet of secretaries? A paean to the unsung gofers in nearby offices?
A sarcastic comment on voyeurism? Here too it helps to know that a woman was responsible for the artwork. Essays White? Produced by a man, the meaning would be different. We too will congratulate Gilmore on her expansion; but Walk The Walk clearly is up to paper writer traducida her usual level, if not beyond. She is kicking down another wall. Public art is on the house, seen by more non-art audiences than video, which (with the exception of YouTube incarnations) is indeed like #8220;preaching to the converted.#8221; * johnperreault is on Facebook. * follow johnperreault on write history essay, Twitter. Essays On The White? FOR AN AUTOMATIC ARTOPIA ALERT, PLEASE E-MAIL: [email protected] I have written about art for writing a thesis statement for research paper a number of essays on the white house, years, specializing in first-person art criticism as art critic for the Village Voice, then in the Soho News. I have championed. Read More#x02026; ARTOPIA is an art diary featuring my evaluations of the art I see in galleries, museums, public spaces, and sometimes in history essay artists' studios.
I specialize in new art or art that needs to be looked at in a fresh way, in terms of contemporary practice. #x02026; [Read More. ] Examples of John Perreault's art and essays on the white house, his biography: johnperreault.info John Perreault is on help writing a thesis statement, Facebook and Twitter. #x02026; [Read More. ] John Perreault interviewed on WPS1. Now available as a podcast. Click here: PODCAST. #x02026; [Read More. ]
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ESSAY - THE WHITE HOUSE DIET - NYTimes com
HOW TO RESUME ANY DOWNLOAD LINKS USING INTERNET DOWNLOAD MANAGER PT2. November 6, 2012 By: babanature 110 Comments. RESUMING DOWNLOAD LINK USING INTERNET DOWNLOAD MANAGER PT2: The part one of this tutorial “HOW TO RESUME DOWNLOAD LINK WITH IDM”was a bit difficult, because you’ll have to white, do some registry edit and things like that makes some people shake. So with the new internet download manager, you can resume those links that are unresumable without editing codes or messing with your registry. Reason why you should know how to resume download links that can’t be resumed : imaging you’re downloading a file worth of 900mb and while downloading, your modem got disconnected.
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I am a researcher and internet consultant. I love designing web sites, building blogs, doing tutorials, playing with codes, watching cartoons, writing articles, blogging, singing and lots more. You can always hook me up on Facebook, twitter, YouTube and Google+ Yeah thanks mAn. White House. I tried it and it actually worked.
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WHEN I AM RESUME THE DOWNLOAD IDM WILL OPEN WORDPAD INSTEAD OF BROWSER WHAT CAN I DO. I believe i have addressed this same issue in the earlier comments. But i’ll still tell you again; the reason your wordpad is attitudes, opening instead of your browser, is because your notepad is set as the white default browser. Now the write personal history essay simple trick is to turn your Firefox or Chrome to the default browser and all problems will be solved. Hope you understand? when i click on refresh download address it open up a pop up windows but not opening browser. That is essays white house, not the problem of the idm, you should check your default browser to see if it pops up and if it doesn’t, then open it manually. i’m doing a video on write personal essay, it today so you should subscribe to my channel to be updated as soon as its out. Thanks for reply. what video about you are talking… Plz help me out.. check the comment thread and on the white house, you’ll see the youtube link. I am saying that after clicking on refresh download address a dialog box pops up but not opened browser automatically.
My default browser is firefox. then when the dialog box opens, manually open your browser and go to the download page and click the download link. Write History. that should do it. Sorry but not working.. if it still doesn’t work, you will have to uninstall the idm permanently and re-install it back. make sure you also delete its file from the essays on the registry when you uninstall it. Annotation. this must work for essays on the white you. Please Help me with that if you don’t mind. Recently when i open the IDM and i want to refresh my download link , automatically it opens a windows media player instead of opening the webpage. I don’t know what the reason is. watch this video i just made when i was downloading a movie, so you’ll know how it works http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPMIG0Toy-k. Recently when i open the IDM and i want to term lab papers, refresha download in the list , automatically it opened a windows media player instead of opening the webpage. I know how to resume a link but i didnt work in IDM. every time it opend a windows media player page instead of essays on the white house mozilla browser.
My idm version; 6.14 build 5. Ok! then this is what you’ll do make your Mozilla Firefox your default browser, then go to short essay questions, your idm settings. now uncheck the Mozilla and Mozilla Firefox and click save now repeat the white process but this time check the box. hope that’s help. but if tried the above and for research, still didn’t work, just uninstall your idm using revo or ccleaner. I did what you said and essays on the house, I downloaded ccleaner but I still have same problem. You know what when I remove WMP from short windows it will fixed and open a browser correctly but when I have windows media player it refer to WMP instead of browser. I don’t why it happend to me . White. So odd ! I cleaned my registry but the problem is term lab papers, exist still.
Is your WMP the latest version? if not try upgrading it and if it persist go to option in essays white, your cclean and search for your IDM and short hatchet, from there, uninstall it then reinstall it. Essays On The House. but before you go on with the uninstall things first upgrade your WMP to the latest version. i am sure that we are going to solve it together. thanx sir for your helping just keep it up. i have refreshed the link an writer traducida, the pop up appear, then i clicked ok. but then nothing happened. no downloading resumed. so i went to idm, resume the essays on the white house download. but still the message said that i have to term lab papers, download from the on the white beginning. Bibliography Template. whats the problem? what are you trying to download? it would be nice if you could watch tha video i created for the tutorial http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPMIG0Toy-k. its not working.
what’s not working? have you checked the essays on the white video? Try follow the video tutorial. I have tried it. but it can’t resume. watch the video to understand it more if you can’t understand the tutorial. thanks a lot. Write Personal History. superb work. it actually worked #128578; Glad it worked for you. Do have a lovely day. I have problems with IDM Download links.
When I downloaded a file nearly finished 80%, it stopped downloaded file size and speed to 0kbps. So I stopped it and essays on the white, resume the file, it is completed in the type of html(10kbytes) instead of original file size type(900MB, *.001,etc). I want to try to resume it and I got temporary download part files. And then I got the active link for file and then download that file. But file name is start from Filename1, —and I don’t know how to paste the old file to that new temp donload folder for resuming. Please find me a resolution. Then you will need to term lab papers, try this step Kan, you can also watch the video i created for this tutorial. i have a problem with default browser to resume download.when i do the steps the site opens in microsoft word instead other browsers.how can i change this?i use win 8. if you click the essays house refresh button on your idm and essay questions, the browser do not popup, simply open the browser manually when the idm refresh button is still on on the house, and click the download link manually. hope this helps. thanx for helping me.but i’m not comfortable with that.i’m thinking about bibliography annotation template, win recovery if this problem doesn’t solve.do you think removing my office package and reinstall that can help?which one is better if i have to choose? i donno, recovery option might just be the best option… i found what was the problem. default program to open web link was word. to fix that in a save web page properties should change default program to a desired browser.by the essays way thank u for helping the others. Thank God you have finally found the traducida problem and thank you for sharing it with us.
Do have a great day Sam… Can you help me how to essays, do this ” default program to open web link was word. to fix that in essay hatchet, a save web page properties should change default program to white house, a desired browser.” Thanks! Simply make one of your browser the default application and it will work beautifully. friend but my link open in microsoft world so i cant click on the link … can you please tell me how to open resume link in my browser google chrome please tell me friend. Sam also got the term lab papers same problem as you and house, he was able to paper beatles, resolve it. Make your browser the default link opener and it will surely work fine.
You can read Sam comment and essays white house, how to do it. you resume download on idm with. can you resume download when idm says. please.. waiting for reply.. Thanks. Let me give you a simple answer= YES. thank for your quick reply… my problem is like. January 2, 2013 at 9:13 am” with resume capability “no” in red. try download from this site, buddy.
If you follow the short steps, it’s going to work perfectly. Thank you so much brother, helped me so much! Love and peace from Iran! Glad the post was helpful do have a nice day #128539; mohamed alroujbani says. thank you man so much you are a life saver ^_^ Hey! That was great. On The. Worked successfully. Thanx! RESPECT MAN! wow, how I wish I had come across your blog earlier. #128578; i unable to resume the download,when i click on resume, idm says that “can not resume downloading the file ,it’s possible that the addressof the file is help a thesis, not valid anymore or your session has expired ,please restart the download of the essays same file from term lab papers your browser manually, and IDM will try to capture new address or new session data to essays on the house, resume this download.” i press ok ,a windows open, says IDM is waiting for the new address to resume the term lab papers file, but it is taking more time to open and resume the file and unable to on the house, resume after taking long time.please help me.
If the essay hatchet site is taking longer to load, there is nothing anybody can do. On The House. Your network is simply slow, try to change your network to a better one. I did it exactly the way you discribed it and term lab papers, I also watched the video. On The House. Nonetheless it doesn?t work. After getting a new link it asks my again to start from the beginning. If you’ve watched the help paper video and it still doesn’t help, then i am short of essays on the white words because since all my years of using IDM, it has been working wonders for me… brilliant working perfectly thanks mate…nice tip….
I’m currently using Internet download manager version 6.17 to writing for research, download files in a scheduler, but when it is time to start the download ALL DOWNLOADS give me the following error: “Cannot resume downloading the file, It’s possible that the address of the file is not valid anymore or your session has expired, IDM will open a web page in your browser where it captured this download. Please start the white house download of the term lab papers same file from your browser again, and IDM will try to capture a new address or new session data to on the white, resume this download.” It then takes me back to help writing a thesis statement, the original uploaded.net page where I then click on the blue premium download button, and on the white house, the download then starts from 0%. I,ve tried it on bibliography, the following browsers: google chrome, Internet explorer and essays white house, Firefox, and its the same error each time. How can I download files by changing, scheduling it for a later time and then resume the download without error messages? The files do have resume capability, but they don’t want to resume. You’re getting that error message because the site you’re downloading from changes their download address constantly. But you can always resume your download links exactly where you stopped by following the method i have laid down. and if you still find the post confusing, you can still watch the video i created for it. hi i cannot resume download.when trying to resume by essays on the white house, refreshing the attitudes essay link notepad opens instead of google chrome. i know you would tell me make google chrome your default browser and it is my default browser but still it opens notepad please help me.
Aryaman ghosh says. its not working even after i had tried it a no. of times . My IDM show me “resume capacity is unknown” , How to correct this, ?? i have click refresh download address for resume but it still showing stop waiting address from long time ….. so how can i open it manually ? or how can i resume my download. This would be much more better if this thing would work at the background; meaning after clicking on Refresh Download Link, this will not go to the page rather this will refresh the link and start download immediately. Anuj Dwivedi says. I suffer Many Time But Not any more now i have the way to resolve the white issue Thanks for sharing such a helpful Info. SHUBHRODEEP PAL says. it worked u r great man thanks now I can download. Hi… actually i steal can’t download my file. its a video from a porn site. the writer traducida size is 255mb and white, i downloaded at personal, least 180mb of it. I did everything to resume this file but its not working and always show this massage: do you want to download this file from the beginning ? send help to on the house, my email…thanks. Hi Bro..u solved almost every problem addressed over here..but i am facing a differnt kind of prblm..actually i refreshed the address of my expired download ..then got a message “new link address for this file received successfully ..but idm doesn’t grab that new link..when i try to resume it manually it says ‘An unknown error occurred during download.Please try again”..i am stuck at beatles, 50% of 1gb download..pls help.
YOU ARE THE BEST MY BROTHER GOD BLESS YOU.WITH LOVE FROM KENYA. Hi,I follow the steps mentioned above.New address was retrieved successfully.But still it shows the error..It shows the following message ” When trying to resume ……………., Do u want to essays on the white, download the file from the beginning?” Please help.. Its a 2.4gb file..The process stops at term lab papers, 90%.please reply immediately.. HI ONCE I CLICK ON STOP WAITING AND THEN I GO BACK TO IDM TO RESUME DOWNLOAD, ITS AGAIN SAYING IT WILL CATCH FROM BROWSER. I CLICKED ON WE TARNSFER. NOW THE DOWNLOADING BEGAN IN BROWSER. Essays White. BUT ITS NOT INCREASING IN PERCENTAGE IN IDM. From what you’re saying, you did not follow the instruction as prescribe in bibliography annotation, the above post.
I’d like you to go through the post one more time or watch the video on YouTube so you can get a better picture. Hello, when I refresh download address, a browser is essays on the white house, meant to pop-up to term lab papers, pick up the link right but instead its my notepad that pops-up which still leaves me stranded. Please what can I do to make my browser start picking up links for on the house download refresdh instead of my notepad. Thanks. Try to set your browser as default app… Read through the comment and you’ll will see same issue that has been addressed. GameMaster Greatee says. Recently, I was downloading a file from the link :-www46(.)zippyshare(.)com/d/PEg5xl83/1295032/SB-I_Vuze_Hack_5613.rar(end_of_link) This opened up a zippyshare page. It contained an unresumable downoad.I tried many different methods(including yours, proxy sites,file mirrors, etc.) but still I couldn’t get a resumable link for it.Need help. Wow, I was afraid this wasn’t gonna work anymore but tried it anyways because it was the writing a thesis for research paper only thing I found… …and to my surprise, it still works! Good to know that it worked for essays white house you…
Thanks for the comment and letting the world know. Have a good week ahead. I have a problem.. When time I’m click ‘Refresh Download Address’ Option in ‘IDM’, Directly open that file link in short essay questions hatchet, ‘Internet Explorer’ Browser. And I want to essays white house, open file in ‘Firefox’ Browser after clicking that Option in ‘IDM’. The pop up window is term lab papers, internet explorer by default.
Please how do I change it to Mozilla firefox.
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When Women Become Men at Wellesley. Hundreds of young women streamed into on the white house Wellesley College on the last Monday of annotation template, August, many of essays white house, them trailed by parents lugging suitcases and short questions, bins filled with folded towels, decorative pillows and essays house, Costco-size jugs of laundry detergent. The banner by the campus entranceway welcoming the Class of 2018 waved in the breeze, as if beckoning the newcomers to discover all that awaited them. Paper. All around the campus stood buildings named after women: the Margaret Clapp library, the Betsy Wood Knapp media and technology center, dorms, labs, academic halls, even the parking garage. The message that anything is possible for women was also evident at a fenced-in work site, which bore the on the house, sign “Elaine Construction,” after a firm named for one woman and changing attitudes essay, run by another. It was the first day of orientation, and along the picturesque paths there were cheerful upper-class student leaders providing directions and encouragement. They wore pink T-shirts stamped with this year’s orientation theme: “Free to Explore” — an white, enticement that could be interpreted myriad ways, perhaps far more than the college intended. One of those T-shirted helpers was a junior named Timothy Boatwright. Like every other matriculating student at essay, Wellesley, which is just west of Boston, Timothy was raised a girl and essays on the house, checked “female” when he applied. Though he had told his high-school friends that he was transgender, he did not reveal that on his application, in writing statement for research paper part because his mother helped him with it, and he didn’t want her to house know.
Besides, he told me, “it seemed awkward to write an bibliography annotation, application essay for a women’s college on why you were not a woman.” Like many trans students, he chose a women’s college because it seemed safer physically and psychologically. From the start, Timothy introduced himself as “masculine-of-center genderqueer.” He asked everyone at Wellesley to use male pronouns and the name Timothy, which he’d chosen for himself. For the most part, everyone respected his request. After all, he wasn’t the only trans student on campus. Some two dozen other matriculating students at Wellesley don’t identify as women.
Of those, a half-dozen or so were trans men, people born female who identified as men, some of whom had begun taking testosterone to change their bodies. The rest said they were transgender or genderqueer, rejecting the idea of on the white house, gender entirely or identifying somewhere between female and statement for research paper, male; many, like Timothy, called themselves transmasculine. Though his gender identity differed from that of most of his classmates, he generally felt comfortable at his new school. Last spring, as a sophomore, Timothy decided to run for a seat on the student-government cabinet, the highest position that an openly trans student had ever sought at essays house, Wellesley. The post he sought was multicultural affairs coordinator, or “MAC,” responsible for promoting “a culture of diversity” among students and staff and faculty members. Along with Timothy, three women of color indicated their intent to run for paper writer the seat. But when they dropped out for various unrelated reasons before the house, race really began, he was alone on the ballot. An anonymous lobbying effort began on Facebook, pushing students to vote “abstain.” Enough “abstains” would deny Timothy the minimum number of votes Wellesley required, forcing a new election for the seat and writing for research paper, providing an opportunity for essays house other candidates to come forward. The “Campaign to Abstain” argument was simple: Of all the write history, people at a multiethnic women’s college who could hold the school’s “diversity” seat, the least fitting one was a white man . “It wasn’t about Timothy,” the student behind the Abstain campaign told me. “I thought he’d do a perfectly fine job, but it just felt inappropriate to have a white man there.
It’s not just about that position either. Essays On The White. Having men in elected leadership positions undermines the bibliography annotation, idea of white, this being a place where women are the leaders.” I asked Timothy what he thought about that argument, as we sat on a bench overlooking the tranquil lake on campus during orientation. He pointed out that he has important contributions to make to the MAC position. After all, at Wellesley, masculine-of-center students are cultural minorities; by numbers alone, they’re about short hatchet as minor as a minority can be. Essays. And yet Timothy said he felt conflicted about taking a leadership spot. “The patriarchy is term lab papers alive and well,” he said. “I don’t want to essays on the white perpetuate it.” In the 19th century, only men were admitted to most colleges and universities, so proponents of higher education for women had to build their own. Write Personal Essay. The missions at these new schools both defied and reinforced the essays on the white house, gender norms of the help writing statement for research, day. By offering women access to an education they’d previously been denied, the schools’ very existence was radical, but most were nevertheless premised on traditional notions: College-educated women were considered more likely to be engaging wives and better mothers, who would raise informed citizens. Over time, of course, women’s colleges became more committed to preparing students for careers, but even in the early 1960s, Wellesley, for example, taught students how to get groceries into essays white house the back of a station wagon without exposing their thighs.
By the late 1960s, however, gender norms were under scrutiny. Amid the growing awareness of civil rights and women’s liberation, academic separation based on gender, as with race, seemed increasingly outdated. As a vast majority of women opted for coed schools, enrollment at women’s colleges tumbled. The number of women’s colleges dropped to fewer than 50 today from nearly 300. In response to changing attitudes shifting ideas about gender, many of the remaining women’s colleges redefined themselves as an antidote to the sexism that feminists were increasingly identifying in white society. Women’s colleges argued that they offered a unique environment where every student leader was a woman, where female role models were abundant, where professors were far more likely to be women and where the message of women’s empowerment pervaded academic and campus life. Paper Beatles. All that seemed to foster students’ confidence. Essays On The. Women’s colleges say their undergrads are more likely to annotation major in fields traditionally dominated by men. Wellesley alumnae in particular are awarded more science and essays white house, engineering doctorates than female graduates of any other liberal-arts college in hatchet the nation, according to government data.
Its alums have become two secretaries of state; a groundbreaking string theorist; a NASA astronaut; and Korea’s first female ambassador. As women’s colleges challenged the conventions of womanhood, they drew a disproportionate number of students who identified as lesbian or bisexual. Today a small but increasing number of students at those schools do not identify as women, raising the question of what it means to on the be a “women’s college.” Trans students are pushing their schools to play down the writer traducida, women-centric message. At Wellesley, Smith, Mount Holyoke and others, they and their many supporters have successfully lobbied to scrub all female references in student government constitutions, replacing them with gender-neutral language. Essays On The. At Wellesley, they have pressed administrators and fellow students to excise talk of sisterhood, arguing that that rhetoric, rather than being uplifting, excludes other gender minorities. At many schools, they have also taken leadership positions long filled by annotation template, women: resident advisers on dorm floors, heads of student groups and white house, members of college government. At Wellesley, one transmasculine student was a dorm president. At Mills College, a women’s school in annotation California, even the president of student government identifies as male. What’s a women’s college to essays house do? Trans students point out that they’re doing exactly what these schools encourage: breaking gender barriers, fulfilling their deepest yearnings and forging ahead even when society tries to a thesis for research paper hold them back. Essays House. But yielding to their request to beatles traducida dilute the focus on women would undercut the identity of a women’s college.
While women in house coed schools generally outpace men in enrollment and performance, the equation shifts after college: Recent female graduates working full time earn far less than their male counterparts, and more experienced women are often still shut out of corporate and political leadership — all of which prompts women’s-college advocates to conclude that a four-year, confidence-building workshop still has its place. “Sisterhood is term lab papers why I chose to go to Wellesley,” said a physics major who graduated recently and asked not to be identified for fear she’d be denounced for white her opinion. “A women’s college is a place to annotation celebrate being a woman, surrounded by women. I felt empowered by that every day. You come here thinking that every single leadership position will be held by a woman: every member of the student government, every newspaper editor, every head of the on the house, Economics Council, every head of the Society of Physics. That’s an incredible thing! This is what they advertise to students. But it’s no longer true. And if all that is no longer true, the intrinsic value of write history essay, a women’s college no longer holds.” A few schools have formulated responses to white house this dilemma, albeit very different ones.
Hollins University, a small women’s college in Virginia, established a policy several years ago stating it would confer diplomas to help for research only women. It also said that students who have surgery or begin hormone therapy to become men — or who legally take male names — will be “helped to transfer to another institution.” Mount Holyoke and Mills College, on the other hand, recently decided they will not only continue to welcome students who become trans men while at white, school but will also admit those who identify on their applications as trans men, noting that welcoming the former and not the latter seemed unjustifiably arbitrary. But most women’s colleges, including Wellesley, consider only female applicants. Once individuals have enrolled and history, announced that they are trans, the schools, more or less, leave it to the students to work out how trans classmates fit into a women’s college. Two of essays white, those students hashed it out last fall after Kaden Mohamed, then a Wellesley senior who had been taking testosterone for seven months, watched a news program on WGBH-TV about the plummeting number of women’s colleges. One guest was Laura Bruno, another Wellesley senior. The other guest was the president of Regis College, a women’s school that went coed in 2007 to reverse its tanking enrollment. The interviewer asked Laura to term lab papers describe her experience at an “all-female school” and to explain how that might be diminished “by having men there.” Laura answered, “We look around and we see only women, only essays on the white house, people like us, leading every organization on for research paper campus, contributing to every class discussion.” Kaden, a manager of the campus student cafe who knew Laura casually, was upset by her words.
He emailed Laura and said her response was “extremely disrespectful.” He continued: “I am not a woman. I am a trans man who is part of your graduating class, and essays on the white, you literally ignored my existence in your interview. . Hatchet. . . Essays House. You had an opportunity to help writing a thesis statement for research show people that Wellesley is a place that is complicating the meaning of white, being an ‘all women’s school,’ and you chose instead to displace a bunch of write essay, your current and past Wellesley siblings.” Laura apologized, saying she hadn’t meant to marginalize anyone and essays on the white house, had actually vowed beforehand not to imply that all Wellesley students were women. But she said that under pressure, she found herself in a difficult spot: How could she maintain that women’s colleges would lose something precious by including men, but at the same time argue that women’s colleges should accommodate students who identify as men? Although it may seem paradoxical, Jesse Austin said he chose to term lab papers attend Wellesley because being female never felt right to him. On The White. “I figured if I was any kind of woman, I’d find it there. I knew Wellesley would have strong women. They produce a ton of strong women, strong in all sorts of ways.” When Jesse arrived on campus in changing essay the fall of white, 2009, his name was Sara. Eighteen years old, Sara wore form-fitting shirts and snug women’s jeans, because growing up in a small, conservative town in short essay Georgia, she learned that that’s what girls were supposed to do — even though she never felt like a girl.
As a child, Sara had always chosen to be male characters in essays on the white pretend plays, and all her friends were boys. Write Essay. In middle school, those boys abandoned her because she was a social liability: not feminine enough to flirt with and not masculine enough to on the house really be one of the guys. In high school, at the urging of well-intentioned female classmates, she started wearing her hair down instead of pulled back and began dressing like they did, even though people kept pointing out that she still acted and carried herself like a boy. “I had no idea that gender was something you could change,” Jesse told me recently. Writing Statement For Research Paper. “I just thought I needed to make myself fit into these fixed places: There are boys, and on the white, there are girls. Personal Essay. I knew I didn’t fit; I just didn’t know what was wrong with me.” Around the middle of essays on the white house, Sara’s first year at Wellesley, she attended a presentation by trans alums, including one who was in write personal history the process of transitioning. White House. As Sara listened, the gender dysphoria she’d always felt suddenly made sense. “It was all so clear to me,” Jesse told me. Paper Writer Traducida. “All I needed were the essays white house, words.” Sara spent the next two weeks scouring the hatchet, Internet for videos and information on becoming a man. On The House. She learned that unlike previous generations, today’s trans young adults don’t consider physical transformation a prerequisite for changing identity.
Some use hormones; some have their breasts removed in “top” surgery; some reject medical interventions altogether, as unnecessary invasions and white, expense. She discovered that sexual orientation is independent of gender: Some trans men are attracted to write women, some to men, some to both. On The. And she learned that trans men aren’t necessarily determined to hide the fact they were raised as girls, or that they once attended a women’s college. Soon after, Sara cut her hair short and bought her first pair of men’s jeans. Sara told friends she was a man.
By second semester, he was using male pronouns and calling himself Jesse, the other name his mother had considered for paper writer her daughter. On The White House. He also joined a tiny campus group for students who knew or suspected they were trans men. It was called Brothers, a counterweight to the otherwise ubiquitous message of sisterhood. That summer, Jesse saw a gender therapist, and early in his sophomore year, he began injecting testosterone into his thigh every two weeks, making him one of the first students to short hatchet medically transform into a man while at Wellesley. He became the administrator of Brothers. On The House. Though he felt supported, he also felt alone; all the other trans men on campus had graduated, and term lab papers, the other students in Brothers were not even sure they identified as men. Outside Brothers, everything at Wellesley was still sisterhood and female empowerment. Nevertheless, he said, “I thought of Wellesley as my home, my community. I felt fine there, like I totally belonged.”
Jesse decided he wanted to have top surgery over winter break, and his parents agreed to pay for it. He returned for spring semester but only briefly, taking a sudden leave of absence to go home and help care for his ill father. When Jesse re-enrolled at Wellesley a year and a half later, in fall 2012, much had changed in Jesse and at school. Having been on house testosterone for two years at that point, Jesse no longer looked like a woman trying to write history essay pass as a man. Essays On The White House. His voice was deep.
His facial hair was thick, though he kept it trimmed to a stubble. His shoulders had become broad and muscular, his hips narrow, his arms and chest more defined. Wellesley was different, too. Term Lab Papers. By then, a whole crowd of people identified as trans — enough for two trans groups. Brothers had officially become Siblings and welcomed anyone anywhere on the gender spectrum except those who identified as women.
Meanwhile, Jesse and some transmasculine students continued to essays on the white house meet unofficially as Brothers, though Jesse was the term lab papers, only one on testosterone. Over all, campus life had a stronger trans presence than ever. House. At least four of the bibliography template, school’s 70 R.A.s did not identify as women. Student organizations increasingly began meetings by asking everyone to state preferred names and pronouns. Essays On The. Around campus, more and more students were replacing “sisterhood” with “siblinghood” in conversation. Even the school’s oldest tradition, Flower Sunday — the 138-year-old ceremony that paired each incoming student with an upper-class Big Sister to support her — had become trans-inclusive. Though the school website still describes Flower Sunday as “a day of sisterhood,” the writer beatles, department that runs the event yielded to house trans students’ request and started referring to each participant as a Big or Little “Sister/Sibling” — or simply as Bigs and Littles. And yet even with the history, increased visibility of trans students on essays white campus, Jesse stood out. Help Writing A Thesis For Research. When he swiped his Wellesley ID card to get into friends’ dorms, the groundskeepers would stop him and house, say, “You can’t go in there without a woman to attitudes essay escort you.” Residential directors who spotted him in the dorm stairwells told him the same thing. In his own dorm, parents who were visiting their daughters would stop him to ask why he was there.
Because bathrooms in the dorms are not labeled “women” or “men” but rather “Wellesley only” and “non-Wellesley,” students who didn’t know Jesse would call him out for essays on the house using the “Wellesley only” bathroom instead of the short essay questions hatchet, one for visitors. When he tried to on the house explain he was a Wellesley student, people sometimes thought he was lying. “Everything felt very different than it had before,” he said of term lab papers, that semester. “I felt so distinctly male, and I felt extremely awkward. I felt like an essays on the white, outsider. For Research. My voice was jarring — a male voice, which is so distinct in a classroom of women — so I felt weird saying much in class. I felt much more aware of essays on the house, Wellesley as a women’s place, even though the college was starting to change.” Once spring semester ended, Jesse withdrew. “I still think of help writing a thesis statement paper, Wellesley as a women’s place, and I still think that’s a wonderful idea,” he said. “It just didn’t encompass me anymore. I felt it was a space I shouldn’t tread in.” Some female students, meanwhile, said Wellesley wasn’t female enough. They complained among themselves and to essays the administration that sisterhood had been hijacked. “Siblinghood,” they argued, lacked the warm, pro-women connotation of “sisterhood,” as well as its historic resonance. Others were upset that even at attitudes, a women’s college, women were still expected to accommodate men, ceding attention and leadership opportunities intended for women.
Still others feared the changes were a step toward coeducation. On The White. Despite all that, many were uneasy: As a marginalized group fighting for respect and clout, how could women justify marginalizing others? “I felt for the first time that something so stable about our school was about to change, and it made me scared,” said Beth, a junior that year, who asked to be identified by only her middle name because she was afraid of bibliography template, offending people she knew. “Changing ‘sister’ to ‘sibling’ didn’t feel like it was including more people; it felt like it was taking something away from sisterhood, transforming our safe space for the sake of someone else. At the house, same time, I felt guilty feeling that way.” Beth went to Kris Niendorf, the bibliography annotation template, director of residential life, who listened sympathetically and then asked: Why does “sibling” take away from your experience? After thinking about it, Beth concluded that she was connected to her classmates not because of gender but because of white, their shared experiences at Wellesley. “That year was an essay, epiphany for me. Essays On The White House. I realized that if we excluded trans students, we’d be fighting on term lab papers the wrong team. House. We’d be on the wrong side of history.” Exactly how Wellesley will resolve the trans question is still unclear. Trans students say that aside from making sure every academic building on campus has a unisex bathroom, Wellesley has not addressed what gender fluidity means for Wellesley’s identity. Last spring, Alex Poon won Wellesley’s 131-year-old hoop-rolling race, an personal, annual spirit-building competition among seniors. On The White. Alex’s mother was the bibliography annotation template, hoop-rolling champion of the Class of ’82 and had long ago taught her daughters the ways of the hoop, on the assumption that they would one day attend her alma mater. (One of Alex’s older sisters was Wellesley Class of ’11; another went to Bryn Mawr.) Alex was a former Girl Scout who attended an all-girls high school.
But unknown to his mother, he was using Google to on the house search for an explanation for short hatchet his confusing feelings. By the time Alex applied to essays on the white Wellesley, he secretly knew he was trans but was nonetheless certain Wellesley was a good fit. Essay Hatchet. For one thing, going there was a family tradition; for another, it was a place where gender could be reimagined. In his sophomore year at Wellesley, he went public with his transgender status. On hoop-rolling day, Alex — wearing a cap backward on his buzz-cut hair — broke through the finish-line streamer. President H. Kim Bottomly took a selfie with him, each with a wide smile.
A small local newspaper covered the event, noting that for the first time in essays white the school’s history, the attitudes essay, winner was a man. And yet the page on Wellesley’s website devoted to house school traditions continues to describe the race as if it involves only women. “Back in the day, it was proclaimed that whoever won the help writing a thesis statement, Hoop Roll would be the first to get married. In the on the, status-seeking 1980s, she was the first to be C.E.O. Now we just say that the winner will be the first to achieve happiness and success, whatever that means to annotation template her.” But Alex isn’t a her, and he told me that his happiness and success includes being recognized for what he is: a man. That page is not the only place on the site where Wellesley markets itself as a school of only female students. White House. Elsewhere, it crows that “all the most courageous, most provocative, most accomplished people on campus are women.” The student body, it says, is “2,300 smart, singular women feeling the power of 2,300 smart, singular women together” on a campus where “our common identity, spirit and pride as Wellesley women” are celebrated.
Those sorts of messages, trans students say, make them feel invisible. “I just wish the administration would at least acknowledge our existence,” said Eli Cohen, a Wellesley senior who has been taking testosterone for bibliography template nearly a year. Essays On The White House. “I’d be more O.K. with ‘We’re not going to cater to term lab papers you, because men are catered to everywhere else in life,’ rather than just pretending we don’t exist.” Some staff and faculty members, however, are acknowledging the trans presence. Women-and-gender-studies professors, and on the white, a handful of others, typically begin each semester asking students to annotation template indicate the names and on the house, pronouns they prefer for themselves. Kris Niendorf, director of campus and attitudes, residential life, recruits trans students who want to be R.A.s., as she does with all minorities. Niendorf also initiated informational panels with trans students and alums. And before this school year began, at the urging of essays white, trans students, Niendorf required all 200 student leaders to attend a trans-sensitivity workshop focused on how to “create a more inclusive Wellesley College.” For the last few years, orientation organizers have also included a trans student as one of the half-dozen upper-class students who stand before the incoming first-years and recount how they overcame a difficult personal challenge. And yet many trans students feel that more needs to essay be done. They complain that too many professors assume all their students are women. Students provided numerous examples in essays courses across subject areas where they’ve been asked their viewpoint “as a woman.” In a course on westerns two years ago, an history, essay assignment noted that western films and novels were aimed at male audiences and white house, focused on masculinity. The professors asked students for their perspective “as a female reader or watcher” — wording that offended the three trans students in term lab papers class.
When a classmate pointed out the problematic wording to the professors, the essays white, instructors asked everyone instead “to explore how your own gender identity changes how you approach westerns.” At times, professors find themselves walking a fine line. Thomas Cushman, who has taught sociology at Wellesley for the last 25 years, first found out about Wellesley’s trans population five years ago, after a student in one of his courses showed up at paper, Cushman’s office and introduced himself as a trans male. The student pointed out that every example Cushman gave in class referred to house women, and every generic pronoun he used was female, as in “Ask your classmate if she. . . . He told Cushman that Wellesley could no longer call itself a “women’s college,” given the presence of trans men, and he asked Cushman to use male pronouns and paper writer beatles, male examples more often, so trans students didn’t feel excluded. Essays On The House. Cushman said he would abide by whatever pronoun individual students requested for themselves, but he drew the line at personal history essay, changing his emphasis on essays on the women.
“All my life here,” Cushman told me, “I’ve been compelled to use the female pronoun more generously to attitudes get away from the sexist ‘he.’ I think it’s important to evoke the idea that women are part of humanity. That should be affirmed, especially after being denied for so long. Look, I teach at on the, a women’s college, so whenever I can make women’s identity central to that experience, I try to do that. Being asked to change that is questions a bit ironic. House. I don’t agree that this is a ‘historically’ women’s college. It is still a women’s college.” On the annotation template, second day of orientation this fall, Eli Cohen arrived on campus in a muscle T and men’s shorts, with a carabiner full of keys hanging from his belt loop.
He was elated to be back to the place that felt most like home. It was the first time in four years that Eli had not been part of orientation — first as a newcomer and then two years as an R.A. We hung out in the Lulu Chow Wang Campus Center, known affectionately as Lulu, and watched the essays on the house, excited first-years flutter by, clutching their orientation schedules and their newly purchased Wellesley wear. Just 12 days earlier, Eli underwent top surgery, which he said gave him a newfound self-assurance in his projection of manhood. Term Lab Papers. It had been nine months since he started testosterone, and the effects had become particularly noticeable over the three-month summer break. His jaw line had begun to square, his limbs to essays on the white house thicken and the hair on his arms and legs to darken. Term Lab Papers. And of essays on the, course now his chest was a flat wall. As his friends caught sight of term lab papers, him for the first time in months, they hugged him and gushed, “You look sooo good!” Though Eli secretly suspected in high school that he was a boy, it wasn’t until after he arrived at Wellesley that he could imagine he might one day declare himself a man. By his second year, he had buzz-cut his hair and started wearing men’s clothes. Essays White. He asked his friends to call him Beckett, which is similar to his female birth name, which he asked me not to mention.
His parents live only 14 miles away and changing attitudes essay, dropped by for short visits. He left his girl nameplate on his dorm door. Essays. His friends understood that whenever his parents arrived, everyone was to revert to his female name and changing, its attendant pronouns. Essays On The House. He was an R.A. at the time and decided not to reveal his male name to his first-year students, figuring it was too complicated to explain which name to use when. Given how guarded he had to be, being Beckett was exhausting and anxiety-inducing. Demoralized, he eventually told his pals to just use his birth name. The summer after his sophomore year, he got an internship at changing attitudes essay, a Boston health center serving the on the white house, L.G.B.T. community, and many of writer traducida, his co-workers were trans.
Their confidence gave him confidence. When the Wellesley office that coordinates internships sent out an essays white house, email to all interns that began, “Good morning, ladies . . . ,” he emailed back to say he did not identify as a woman. The coordinator apologized and explained that all the names on her paperwork from Wellesley were female. By summer’s end, he began introducing himself as Eli, a name utterly unlike his birth name. Eli mustered the courage to tell his parents.
It took a little while for his mother to changing attitudes essay accept that her only white, daughter was actually a son, but she came around. When I asked Eli if trans men belonged at Wellesley, he said he felt torn. “I don’t necessarily think we have a right to women’s spaces. But I’m not going to transfer, because this is a place I love, a community I love. I realize that may be a little selfish. It may be a lot selfish.” Where, he wondered, should Wellesley draw a line, if a line should even be drawn? At trans men? At transmasculine students? What about changing students who are simply questioning their gender? Shouldn’t students be “free to explore” without fearing their decision will make them unwelcome? Other trans students have struggled with these questions, too.
Last December, a transmasculine Wellesley student wrote an anonymous blog post that shook the school’s trans community. The student wrote to essays white house apologize for “acting in the interest of preserving a hurtful system of privileging masculinity.” He continued: “My feelings have changed: I do not think that trans men belong at Wellesley. . . . Questions. This doesn’t mean that I think that all trans men should be kicked out of Wellesley or necessarily denied admission.” He acknowledged he didn’t know how Wellesley could best address the on the house, trans question, but urged fellow transmasculine classmates to “start talking, and short questions hatchet, thinking critically, about the space that we are given and occupying, and the space that we are taking from women.” The reactions were swift and strong. “A lot of trans people on campus felt emotionally unsafe,” recalled Timothy, a sophomore that year. “A place that seemed welcoming suddenly wasn’t. The difficulty was that because it was a trans person saying it, people who don’t have enough of an understanding to essays house appreciate the writing a thesis statement paper, nuance of this can say, ‘Well, even a trans person says there shouldn’t be trans people at Wellesley, so it’s O.K. for me to essays house think the same thing, too.’ ” Students and alums — queer and straight, trans and not — weighed in, sometimes in agreement but other times in attitudes anger. Some accused the blogger of speaking on behalf of women as if they were unable to on the white house speak for themselves. Others accused him of betraying transmasculine students. Term Lab Papers. (He declined to on the white house comment for personal essay this article.) But other students, including several transmasculine ones, were glad he had the courage to start a public discussion about on the white house Wellesley’s deeply conflicted identity. “It’s a very important conversation to essay questions hatchet have,” Eli said. “Why can’t we have this conversation without feeling hurt or hated?” In some ways, students are already having that conversation, though perhaps indirectly.
Timothy ended up easily winning his seat on essays white house the student government last spring, capturing two-thirds of the votes. Given that 85 percent of the student body cast ballots in that race, his victory suggests most students think that transmasculine students — and transmasculine leaders — belong at Wellesley. Another difficult conversation about trans students touches on the disproportionate attention they receive on campus. “The female-identified students somehow place more value on questions hatchet those students,” said Rose Layton, a lesbian who said she views trans students as competitors in the campus dating scene. “They flirt with them, hook up with them. And it’s not just the hetero women, but even people in the queer community. On The White. The trans men are always getting this extra bit of acknowledgment.
Even though we’re in a women’s college, the fact is men and changing attitudes, masculinity get more attention and more value in this social dynamic than women do.” Jesse Austin noticed the paradox when he returned to campus with a man’s build and house, full swath of beard stubble after nearly two years on testosterone. Help Writing Paper. “That was the first time in my life I was popular! People were clamoring to date me.” Trans bodies are seen as an white house, in-between option, Timothy said. “So no matter your sexuality, a trans person becomes safe to flirt with, to bibliography annotation template explore with. But it’s not really the person you’re interested in, it’s the on the white house, novelty. Paper Writer Beatles Traducida. For lesbians, there’s the safety of ‘I may be attracted to this person, but they’re “really” a woman, so I’m not actually bi or straight.’ And for essays house straight people, it’s ‘I may be attracted to attitudes essay a woman’s body, but he’s a male, so I’m not really lesbian or bi.’ ” Kaden Mohamed said he felt downright objectified when he returned from summer break last year, after five months of testosterone had lowered his voice, defined his arm muscles and on the white house, reshaped his torso. It was attention that he had never experienced before he transitioned.
But as his body changed, students he didn’t even know would run their hands over his biceps. Help Writing For Research Paper. Once at the school pub, an intoxicated Wellesley woman even grabbed his crotch and that of essays on the white house, another trans man. “It’s this very bizarre reversal of what happens in the real world,” Kaden said. Bibliography Annotation Template. “In the real world, it’s women who get fetishized, catcalled, sexually harassed, grabbed. At Wellesley, it’s trans men who do. If I were to go up to on the white someone I just met and touch her body, I’d get grief from the entire Wellesley community, because they’d say it’s assault — and it is. But for some reason, when it’s done to trans men here, it doesn’t get read the same way. Changing. It’s like a free pass, that suddenly it’s O.K. to talk about or touch someone’s body as long as they’re not a woman.” While trans men are allowed at most women’s colleges if they identify as female when applying, trans women — people raised male who go on to identify as women — have found it nearly impossible to get through the campus gates. Arguably, a trans woman’s identity is more compatible with a women’s college than a trans man’s is. But most women’s colleges require that all of an applicant’s documentation indicate the candidate is female. That’s a high bar for a 17- or 18-year-old born and raised male, given that so few come out as trans in on the white house high school. (Admissions policies at private undergraduate schools are exempt from Title IX, which bans gender discrimination at schools receiving federal funds.) Two years ago, Calliope Wong, a high-school trans woman from Connecticut, applied to Smith College, but her application was returned because her federal aid form indicated she was male.
She posted the rejection letter online, catalyzing a storm on the Internet and student rallies at Smith. Smith eventually agreed to require that the term lab papers, applicant be referred to as female only in the transcript and recommendation letters, but not on financial-aid documents; by essays on the house, then, however, Wong had decided to attend the University of Connecticut. For its part, Wellesley has never admitted a trans woman, at least not knowingly. Term Lab Papers. Many Wellesley students, including some who are uncomfortable having trans men on campus, say that academically eligible trans women should be admitted, regardless of the gender on essays on the white their application documents. Others are wary of bibliography annotation, opening Wellesley’s doors too quickly — including one of Wellesley’s trans men, who asked not to be named because he knew how unpopular his stance would be. He said that Wellesley should accept only trans women who have begun sex-changing medical treatment or have legally changed their names or sex on their driver’s licenses or birth certificates. “I know that’s a lot to ask of an essays white house, 18-year-old just applying to paper writer beatles college,” he said, “but at the same time, Wellesley needs to maintain its integrity as a safe space for women. What if someone who is male-bodied comes here genuinely identified as female, and then decides after a year or two that they identify as male — and wants to stay at Wellesley? How’s that different from on the house, admitting a biological male who identifies as a man? Trans men are a different case; we were raised female, we know what it’s like to be treated as females and we have been discriminated against as females. We get what life has been like for women.” In May, Mills College became the first women’s college to broaden its admissions policy to write personal essay include self-identified trans women, even those who haven’t legally or medically transitioned and even if their transcripts or recommendation letters refer to them as male.
The new policy, which begins by affirming Mills’s commitment to remaining a women’s college, also welcomes biological females who identify anywhere on the gender spectrum, as long as they haven’t become legally male. The change grew out of on the house, two years of study by annotation template, a committee of on the white house, faculty and help a thesis statement for research, staff, which noted that Mills has always fought gender-based oppression and concluded, “Trans inclusiveness represents not an essays on the white, erasure but an updating of this mission.” Mills also aims to educate students, staff and faculty members to be more trans inclusive, said Brian O’Rourke, who oversees enrollment at the college and was the president’s liaison to writing the committee. House. I asked O’Rourke if that included reducing the focus on changing attitudes women in essays house the classroom. “I honestly don’t know,” he said. “We had a national speaker on short hatchet trans issues join us on campus about a year ago, and one of the things she suggested is that we stop referring to Mills as a women’s college, because that concept is exclusionary. In the auditorium, there was an audible gasp. We’ve had a lot of conversations about essays white how to stress women’s leadership and changing attitudes, women’s empowerment and at the same time, include people who may not identify as women. Essays. The answer is: We don’t know yet.”
Last month, Mount Holyoke College announced a more far-reaching policy: It would admit all academically qualified students regardless of their anatomy or self-proclaimed gender, except for those biologically male at short essay questions hatchet, birth who still identify as male. In a list that reflects just how much traditional notions of on the white house, gender have been upended, Mount Holyoke said eligible candidates now include anyone born biologically female, whether identified as woman, man, neither or “other” and anyone born biologically male who identifies as a woman or “other.” The school president, Lynn Pasquerella, said she and her officers made the decision after concluding it was an issue of civil rights. But Pasquerella said accommodations for trans students will not include changing the school’s mission. “We’re first and bibliography, foremost committed to essays on the white being a women’s college,” she told me. “I’m not going to stop using the language of sisterhood.” She mentioned she taught a class in critical race theory two years ago and told her students, “When I use the term ‘sisterhood,’ I’m using it in a way that acknowledges the fact that not everybody here identifies as a woman. It is a rhetorical device . Help Statement For Research Paper. . . , but it is not intended to on the exclude anybody.” I said her explanation seemed like the one for personal history essay using “he” as a generic pronoun for a male or female. She offered a different analogy, noting the parallel between women’s colleges and historically black colleges and universities. “Isn’t it still legitimate to speak of being a community of color even if you have half a dozen students who aren’t individuals of color?” she asked. Essays On The. “The same might be said about women’s colleges. Our mission was built upon education for women, and while we recognize that not everyone identifies this way, this is paper beatles who we are and how we talk about things.”
Meanwhile, Wellesley continues to on the white house struggle with its own identity. In August, Debra DeMeis, the dean of students, told me the term lab papers, administration had not yet worked out how to be a women’s college at a time when gender is no longer considered binary. President H. Kim Bottomly and Jennifer C. Desjarlais, the dean of admissions, declined to talk to essays house me. But a few days after Mount Holyoke’s announcement, Bottomly released a statement saying that Wellesley would begin to term lab papers think about how to address the trans question. On the last Friday in May, some 5,000 parents, alumnae and soon-to-be graduates streamed onto the rolling field near Severance Hall, named after Elisabeth Severance, a generous 1887 alumna. Essays White House. It was a gorgeous, temperate morning for changing Wellesley’s 136th annual commencement, and essays house, once the last baccalaureate degree was conferred, the personal, audience was asked to stand. Essays White House. As is the school’s tradition, two graduates led an short essay questions, uplifting rendition of “America, the essays white house, Beautiful.” The lyrics, for those who needed them, were printed in the commencement program, including the paper traducida, chorus: “And crown thy good, with brotherhood, from sea to shining sea!”
Those words were penned by Katharine Lee Bates, an 1880 graduate of Wellesley who defied the expectations of her gender, and not just by essays white house, becoming a professor, published author and famous poet. A pastor’s daughter, she never married, living instead for 25 years with Katharine Coman, founder of Wellesley’s economics department, with whom she was deeply in love. Template. When a colleague described “free-flying spinsters” as a “fringe on the garment of life,” Bates, then 53, answered: “I always thought the fringe had the best of it.” As parents, professors and graduates joined in essays on the house the singing of writing a thesis, Bates’s most famous poem, many felt an intense pride in their connection to the graduates and on the house, this remarkable college, which has sent forth so many women who leave impressive marks on traducida the world. As the hundreds of voices rounded the curve on “And crown thy good with . . . ,” the unknowing parents continued to “brotherhood,” the word that was always supposed to stand in for women too, but never really did. Wellesley women long ago learned that words matter, and for decades, this has been the white house, point in the song when their harmonious choral singing abruptly becomes a bellow as they belt out essay “sisterhood,” drowning out the essays house, word that long excluded them and replacing it with a demand for recognition. It’s one of the most powerful moments of term lab papers, commencement, followed every year by essays house, cheers, applause and tears, evoked by the rush of solidarity with women throughout time, and writing statement, the thrill of claiming in one of the nation’s most famous songs that women matter — even if the world they’re about to enter doesn’t always agree. In the last few years, a handful of graduates have changed that word once again, having decided that “sisterhood,” no matter how well intended, is exclusionary, and so they instead call out “siblinghood.” A few trans men find even that insufficient, and in that instant, they roar the word that represents them best: “brotherhood,” not as a sexist stand-in for all humankind, but as an house, appeal from a tiny minority struggling to be acknowledged. In truth, it’s difficult to help writing a thesis for research distinguish in essays house the cacophony each of the write, words shouted atop one another.
What is clear is that whatever word each person is hollering is immensely significant as a proclamation of existence, even if it’s hard to make out what anyone else is saying. Ruth Padawer is a contributing writer for the magazine and teaches at the Columbia School of essays on the, Journalism. I listened to only female singers all summer. Attitudes Essay. Here’s what I learned. Six writers on their favorite cultural experiences of 2017.
After years as the industry’s top African-American talent agent, Charles D. King is building an audacious new production company — with a vision for bringing long-neglected stories to essays on the white house the screen.
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A for essays on the white house and against essay about the internet. Look at the essay and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the text and term lab papers do the other exercises. What's your opinion? Do you think the internet is bad for young people? For young people it is.
They shoud be surervised while accessing the essays on the house internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in is own way, is traducida not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults. White. As in the essay, the young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to help a thesis statement paper the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people. I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate.
On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. On The White House. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to term lab papers play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays house essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in term lab papers, particular that you like on the site?
Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in Study Break. House. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the internet is an amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in bibliography template, the hands of the right person.
One bad aspect of internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime. That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it. Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is essays on the why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children. Writing. I totaly agree. It all depends from essays on the white, parents. If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up.
You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. Template. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the greatest people created. You have an access to billions of libraries from essays white house, your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the term lab papers world. On The. Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an essay hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and white read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of your personal data. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company.
It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for searching the write personal necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is essays included. Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out changing attitudes essay how to essays white house use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is said that the Internet is traducida a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in on the, the humans, as it is us who are using it and writer beatles who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation.
I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the essays house most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. Term Lab Papers. I think the Internet is on the white something that we have to know, and we should know what is good and bad for us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in write essay, any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family. On The White. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do.
It#039;s impossible to bibliography template live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for few informations? Internet is essays on the white house useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on write history the Internet.
We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. On The. ) and a lot of short questions other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in the world. On The. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet.
In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to access to changing attitudes essay lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. On The White House. If young people use the attitudes Internet for studying and relaxing in essays, proper way, internet would be very useful. Paper. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the essays on the white Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the world are using the write personal Internet, including the elderly.
We communicate with each other using the white internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Traducida. Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the essays house perspective to essay hatchet the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well. So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an individual to essays the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for us. Internet is help writing a thesis statement particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on essays house the internet, you can get anything by only searching on essay it.
Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and essays white house doing research for paper writer my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and often forget about time and everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is essays on the white house bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the writer internet. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for it? . On The House. Look carefully. Term Lab Papers. What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and essays on the house educational opportunities.
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compilation thesis Compiled by Brad C. Sparks. W. A. Bartlett 1848, St. Catherine's Monastery and Mt. Sinai. The Bible Puts Mt. Essays White. Sinai in the Sinai. Adventurers Larry Williams and Bob Cornuke in their recently reprinted book claim that the beatles Bible over and over states clearly. that Mount Sinai is in Arabia 1 -- an admittedly crucial point upon which the thrust of our argument will fall if disproved Biblically. 2 Howard Blum has retold their story in a new book, The Gold of Exodus , published by Simon Schuster (1998), and Cornuke has now come out essays house with his own separate book (2000).
There is a certain amount of essay, irony if not implausibility in their argument which in on the house essence tries to bibliography annotation template, take Mt. Sinai out of the Sinai. What they mean by Arabia is modern Saudi Arabia and there is white no statement in the Bible or any other ancient source that places Mt. Sinai in Saudi Arabia by whatever ancient name (in this case Midian). In fact, it is quite the reverse, Mt. Sinai is clearly placed outside of Saudi Arabia and right on the Sinai Peninsula as we would expect.
Exodus 18:27 states that, while the personal history essay Israelites were camped near Mt. Sinai, 3 Moses sent his Midianite (Saudi Arabian) father-in-law Jethro back to his own country of Midian (NIV, emphasis added). Clearly, Mt. Sinai and essays house northwestern Saudi Arabia (Midian) were in short two different locations . The making of the statement signals the essays white house importance of the action, it was not a trivial event or insignificant journey for bibliography annotation template Jethro to essays house, go back to Midian from Mt. Sinai. This incident was repeated about a year hence on a later visit to Mt. Paper Writer. Sinai by Moses' Midianite father-in-law or nephew Hobab (Numbers 10:29-31). Moses asked him to stay and guide the Israelites to essays, the Promised Land, but he declined, saying he would return to my own land (Midian) and help my own people (Midianites) from Mt.
Sinai. (NIV, emphasis added) He did not want to go on a long journey to Moses' land with Moses' people. Essays White. Hobab's land (in what is modern Saudi Arabia) was clearly not the same land where they were at (Mt. Sinai) and term lab papers not the same land where they were going (Canaan), which were national or geopolitical entities spread across a great distance and requiring an expert guide to navigate. The only on the house response to these difficult arguments from the Bible has been to suggest that everything was really happening at Mt. Sinai in Midianite Saudi Arabia and that Hobab merely meant that he was going back to his own tent nearby, which trivializes the watershed decision and is frankly absurd. If this conversation at Mt. Term Lab Papers. Sinai was really taking place already in Hobab's homeland of Midian among his people the Midianites then Hobab would have said to Moses You go on essays your journey but I am staying here in my land with my people. Hobab obviously did not say that. It was a parting of ways with the two going their separate routes.
Another variation of this back-to-his-tent counterargument tries to split the personal difference and elevates Hobab's tent to a city. White. But that makes no sense either, the help writing paper verses are not talking about Moses going to his own city (the Promised City instead of on the house, Promised Land?) and Hobab going back to his own city . This devastating Biblical disproof of Sinai-in-Arabia was first made in a book that Williams and term lab papers Cornuke quote and use as an important reference, yet they never mention the disproof to their readers. It was in Prof. Menashe Har-El's 1983 book The Sinai Journeys: The Route of the Exodus. Essays. It was again repeated to Cornuke and Williams in term lab papers Dec. 1996 when the draft of this article was presented to essays on the house, them in advance of publication on changing attitudes this website in Jan. 1997 and essays house again there was no response, though one was promised in a thesis statement for research paper writing. Four years later an unofficial rebuttal has been presented privately but hasn't been made public as of this date. Biblical geographer Har-El of Tel Aviv University was evidently the first to develop this disproof of Sinai-in-Arabia notion in his critique of house, Charles Beke's theory, which goes back to the 19 th century. Williams and Cornuke got their theory from still another adventurer Ron Wyatt, 4 but they make no mention of the theory's origin in modern scholarly theories (which in turn may originate in medieval Muslim polemics against Christians). In 1834, Beke proposed that the land called Mizraim where Israel was held in bondage was not Egypt but Arabia, that the Israelites crossed the Red Sea over the Gulf of Aqaba instead of write personal, Suez and so Mt.
Sinai was to essays white, be sought in Arabia. By 1871 Beke suggested that Mt. Sinai was a volcano in what is now Saudi Arabia. (5) His posthumously published book in 1878 specified a mountain called Ertowa near Jebel Bagir about personal history essay, five miles northeast of Elath. House. (6) Har-El comments that the passage in Numbers shows that while the Israelites were still at personal essay Mount Sinai, Moses' father-in-law was outside his own country, Midian, to which he wished to return, and it also proves that Mount Sinai was not in Midian [Saudi Arabia] . (7) The latest desperate effort to save Sinai-in-Arabia, the back-to-the-city theory, was in Bible Review magazine for April 2000.
The suggestion is that Midian was a city and white house that Mt. Sinai was close by, thus supposedly solving the term lab papers problem of the essays white house Bible verses in Exodus 18 and Numbers 10, which we just reviewed (above), and again putting Mt. Sinai in help writing a thesis paper Saudi Arabia. However, this flies in the face of the passages in Exodus and Numbers that clearly indicate that Midian was a land not a city and that it was a substantial distance from Mt. Sinai requiring a special effort by Jethro to send word back and forth and to come out and meet Moses (Exod. 18:1, 5-7). There may have been a capital city of Midian with the same name as the land (as indicated in house a few places in attitudes the Septuagint Greek translation of the Bible) and this was often the case with ancient nations and white their capitals. But it is irrelevant to the circumstances in the Bible describing the land of Midian not a city.
As previously noted, if Midian was a city near Mt. Sinai then Hobab should have told Moses he was staying where he was when the Israelites set out for the Promised Land, instead of saying he was returning to his own land (Num. 10:30). The Bible treats locations close to short essay hatchet, Mt. Sinai as interchangeable or virtually identical sites, e.g., Horeb was near Mt. Sinai and the two place names are used interchangeably. (7a)
If Midian was a city near Mt. Sinai then it was effectively the same location in Biblical terms and essays on the so Hobab would have stayed and waved to Moses and the Israelites as they left him behind. Bible archaeologist Gordon Franz has published an outstanding critique of the Sinai-in-Arabia theory in the most recent issue of Bible and Spade journal for Fall 2000, published in February 2001, by the Associates for Biblical Research (see website at http://christiananswers.net/abr/abrhome.html). Franz thoroughly reviews the archaeological evidence of the term lab papers Jebel al-Lawz site and its surroundings, and the lack of house, evidence for the Israelites. He explains very persuasively the seeming anomalies put forward by the adventurers as proof of their claims. He also has learned that the official Saudi archaeologist is soon to release an bibliography annotation template exhaustive site analysis in a formal archaeological survey report. Josephus Puts Mt. Essays On The White. Sinai Between Egypt and Arabia. Jewish historian Josephus, ca. 100 A.D., lauded in the Williams-Cornuke book as perhaps the paper greatest Biblical scholar of all time, (8) vindicates the traditional location of Mt. Essays On The House. Sinai on the Sinai peninsula (9):
JOSEPHUS: Moses went up to a mountain that lay between Egypt and Arabia , which was called Sinai . It has been suggested in rebuttal that Josephus was here quoting Apion whom he was attacking, so therefore everything Apion said was a lie. This is a desperate and absurd argument. Josephus merely objected to a discrepancy in Apion's account of the Israelites' Exodus about the write personal history essay number of days of travel versus remaining camped, and evidently agreed with this statement of essays on the white house, Mt. Sinai's location between Egypt and Arabia otherwise he would either have attacked it as well (especially since it had bearing on the travel time issue) or he would not have quoted it in the first place. Moreover, how on earth did Apion in ca. 40 B.C. even get the idea that Mt. Questions. Sinai was, well, in the Sinai, if as Williams and Cornuke allege, this was actually a fabrication of the 18 th century designed as a tourist scam to attract visitors to essays on the house, the traditional site at bibliography template St. Essays On The White House. Catherine's monastery?
Josephus agreed with Apion on placing Sinai between Egypt and Arabia (Apion 2:2 [2:25]) and nowhere disputes that fact when he could easily have omitted it if he disagreed. Or he could have made a point of disagreeing with it and changing essay counted it as another error by Apion, since he was taking apart Apion's contradictory statements phrase by phrase, including quoting a phrase as short as they came to on the white house, Judea in six days' time. It was relevant to questions hatchet, Josephus' argument against Apion's misinterpretation of the travel time of the Israelites across the Sinai. The full context shows that Josephus had disputed Apion's slur that claimed the Jews' Sabbath was due to their taking 6 days to reach Judea from Egypt then resting on the 7th day because of groin disease. Josephus disputed this slur by pointing out, among other things, a self-contradiction where Apion elsewhere had said the Jews had taken at least 40 days to essays white, cross the Sinai by writer stopping at Mt Sinai for on the white house 40 days between Egypt and essay hatchet Arabia, which statement Josephus agreed with. If Josephus did not agree that Sinai was between Egypt and Arabia but thought that Sinai was in Arabia he should have said so and on the house racked it up as another gross error by Apion, or just omitted that altogether if the only issue was the essay 6 days vs. the essays on the white house 40 days travel. Bibliography. But he didn't.
Mt. Sinai-in-Arabia Started as a Muslim Polemic. Placing Mt. Sinai somewhere in white Arabia is not new, contrary to what has been implied by Williams and write personal history Cornuke, but the specification of a particular mountain is relatively recent. The general idea goes back to about 1225 AD, when Muslim geographers began to essays on the, arbitrarily shift Biblical place names #151; largely because they had been identified by traducida Christians #151; from the Sinai to Arabia, as a kind of polemic against the Crusades. Essays White House. But this Mt. Sinai-in-Arabia concept was purely a product of scholarly theories and propaganda, not of hatchet, long-standing local traditions which often can preserve genuine information about white house, ancient geography and Biblical sites. (10) Nor does not compare in antiquity with the traditions attached to the southern Sinai Peninsula, which can be traced back to paper writer beatles, about 100 A.D. Among modern scholars Charles Beke was the pioneer arguing for Sinai-in-Arabia, starting in white 1834 (without pinpointing a specific peak) and culminating in his book, Mount Sinai a Volcano , published in 1873. (11) But upon his firsthand exploration of the Arabian mountains shortly before his death, Beke retracted his novel thesis of a volcanic origin for changing essay the smoke, fire and rumblings on Mt. Sinai, thus weakening his case for Sinai-in-Arabia. (12) At the turn of the century Pan-Arabianism was popular among critical Bible scholars of the Wellhausen school.
This was a theory, or passing scholarly fad, that put almost the entire Bible story in Arabia, including the Israelite Bondage, Exodus, Wilderness Wandering, etc. The Pharaoh was just an obscure Arab sheikh in on the white house this scheme. Changing Attitudes. Its heyday was the 1880s through about the 1910s. The entire Encyclopaedia Biblica was written with this North Arabian slant. (13) The specific Jebel al-Lawz site for Mt.
Sinai has been occasionally indicated in some scholarly references as a possibility, going back at least two decades prior to the Williams-Cornuke and Blum books. Such references include a map published in an encyclopedia in on the house 1972, a map in changing essay the Har-El book published in on the 1983 (used by Williams-Cornuke without credit for the site location), maps in two popular books in 1975 and 1985, and in a well-known archaeology magazine in 1977. Term Lab Papers. (14) None of on the white house, these sources give any documentation that the Jebel al-Lawz site had a genuine local geographic tradition as Mt. Sinai. No early map or reference has been cited specifically giving Jebel al-Lawz the name Jebel Musa (Mountain of Moses in Arabic). The only evidence is stories allegedly told Williams and Cornuke by local residents and not even claimed by the locals to have come from ancient tradition and is not documented from bibliography annotation ancient sources. Essays. (15) The name Jebel Musa remains strongly attached to changing essay, the traditional site near St. Catherine's monastery, as it has for essays on the nearly 2,000 years (see next section). Traditional Southern Sinai Site is history Ancient. The Williams-Cornuke book is unclear as to when and how the traditional Mt. Essays On The White House. Sinai was supposedly picked, and this of writing a thesis for research, course has a bearing on how substantial and legitimate a geographic tradition it is. An unnamed psychic or seer is said to be responsible for choosing the traditional Sinai site for Emperor Constantine (plate 7 caption of the book).
But elsewhere their book says this myth has arisen only within the last almost 250 years as a long-running tourist scam, and prior to that time [about 1740], numerous other mountains were claimed to essays on the house, be Mt. Sinai though no example is given (pp. 17, 50) and the claim is patently false. Nearly 1,700 years ago it was Constantine's devout Christian mother, Empress Helena, ca. 330 A.D., who chose the site for a church. Paper Writer Beatles Traducida. She did not do it to white, set up a tourist scam but for humanitarian reasons -- to build the write personal church to protect monks from murderous raids by nomads. (16) According to the tradition, the on the church was built at the place where the local monks pointed out what they believed was the Burning Bush. (17) Hence the site was already well known as Mt. Sinai by that time. About 550 A.D., Emperor Justinian built a fortified monastery to replace this church, likewise also dedicated to the Virgin Mary, which still stands today. (18) Much later, the monastery took on the name of St. Catherine, the earliest mentions perhaps about 1244. (19) Contrary to the claim that prior to about 1740 numerous other mountains were claimed to be Mt. Sinai, it was not until Lepsius' proposal in write essay 1845 that any other specific mountain but the traditional Jebel Musa was ever suggested for Mt.
Sinai. Essays. (20) (Earlier, when Muslim scholars arbitrarily placed Mt. Sinai in Arabia, they did not single out a particular mountain.) There is evidence of early Jewish pilgrimages that led to identifications of personal history essay, sacred sites later adopted by Christian travelers, though it is in some dispute. One careful scholar of the geography of the Exodus route, Graham Davies of Cambridge, has argued that in essays on the white house the late Tannaitic period (about 100-200 A.D.), for help paper example, rabbinical literature described the essays on the white house distance between Pharan and Mt. Sinai as 36 Roman miles, almost exactly matching Egeria's later figure of 35 Roman miles Pharan-to- Jebel Musa . In other words, Mt. Sinai = Jebel Musa . Write Personal Essay. To Davies this shows that Jebel Musa (the later St. Catherine's) had already been identified as Mt. Sinai by essays Jewish pilgrims around 100 A.D. (21) The current book (pp. 57, 69-70) completely misses the following statement in help writing statement paper quoting from the Sinai entry in Harper's Bible Dictionary: In that reference, it states that among many possible sites one can safely say that Jebel Musa , or another mountain in its immediate [southern Sinai] vicinity, remains the most likely candidate [for Mt. Sinai]. (22)
Many early travelers confirm the monks' tradition locating Mt. Sinai at Jebel Musa, beginning with a visiting Syrian monk Julian Saba who built another church there ca. 360 A.D., then Egyptian monk Ammonius ca. 372-3, and the intrepid Lady Egeria from France/Spain ca. 383. (23) Egeria wrote with such sharp observation of the landscape (23) on her extensive travels through the Holy Land, giving estimated mileages and travel times, that Egyptologists and Bible archaeologists minutely pour over her story for clues to the whereabouts of the Pharaoh's store-cities of Pithom and Raamses, the essays on the house sites along the route of the Exodus, the conquered cities of bibliography annotation template, Bethel and Ai in the Promised Land, and essays on the house other Biblical places. (25) The current book likewise attributes the traditional Red Sea crossing site at the Gulf of Suez to help a thesis statement, an unnamed 16th century mystic who claimed she had a revelation (pp. 140-141). But the identification of the Suez site dates back at least to essays on the, Egeria ca.
383, then Orosius ca. Personal History. 415, Cosmas Indicopleustes (Cosmas the India-Sailor) ca. 550, and Antoninus ca. 570. Even earlier, the name Clysma, given in ancient Greco-Roman days to a place near the modern town of Suez, reflects local tradition of a watery cata clysm (Greek for flood or surging inundation) that overwhelmed the Pharaoh and white his army. (26)
In Paul's Time Arabia Included Sinai Peninsula. In Apostle Paul's time, Arabia covered a wide area that included the Sinai Peninsula as well as what we now call Saudi Arabia, according to Cambridge scholar Graham Davies. Writing A Thesis Statement Paper. (27) A glance at most Bible atlases will show this. Thus, Paul's remark in Galatians 4:25 is quite consistent with Mt. Sinai's traditional placement on the Sinai Peninsula. Too Much Reliance on Strange Methods or Devices.
One investigator of the Jebel al-Lawz site states he discovered the gold from the essays Golden Calf there using a molecular frequency generator (p. 107), which one knowledgeable source (Dr. John Morris) says is a thesis statement paper actually a dowsing or divination rod. (28) A molecular frequency generator is not a familiar piece of scientific equipment, despite the impressive technical-sounding name. The current book refers to site surveying by pendulums (p. 75), another form of dowsing. The Bible cautions against such practices (Deut.
18:10-11; Levit. 19:26, 20:27) or consulting those who use them. (Levit. 19:31; Deut. 18:14). The molecular frequency generator may be the same as the metal detector sometimes mentioned. (29) However, the white metal detector's reported detection of gold from a distance of two miles seems to be an impossible range for the usual electromagnetic induction metal detectors, which are limited to a maximum range of just a few feet. The Sinai was Not Part of hatchet, Egypt in Ancient Times. The current book states in some places that the Sinai in ancient times was part of Egypt (pp. 26, 58). We can call this the Sinai/Egypt territory for simplicity. If so, this would prove that Mt. Sinai was not on the Sinai peninsula because the Israelites would have to house, leave this Sinai/Egypt territory in changing attitudes order to be totally free of Egypt and then to travel to essays on the white house, the holy mountain.
The book quotes the Father of attitudes, Modern Archaeology, William Flinders Petrie, to support this point (p. 56). But the Petrie quote in on the white house the book actually states the exact opposite , that the southern Sinai was, quote outside the territorial border of Egypt ! Elsewhere, the help writing for research book contradicts itself and correctly states that leaving the land of Egypt is necessary to get to the base of Mount Sinai. the traditional site (p. 125). (30) Petrie was supposed to prove that during Moses. On The White House. time the term lab papers traditional Mt. Essays On The. Sinai and environs formed a province of Egypt, and that Egyptian troops patrolled the copper and changing essay turquoise mines in that southern Sinai region (pp. 54-57). However, according to a scholar who was a student of the renowned Dean of Biblical Archaeology, William F. Albright, an Israelite march toward these mines would NOT have brought them into: John Bright : . collision with Egyptian troops, for white the Egyptians did not maintain a permanent garrison at traducida the mines . Except at intermittent periods when mining parties were at work, the Hebrews could have passed unmolested. (31) Traditional Route of the white house Exodus and Traditional Location of Mount Sinai. Climate was Wetter in write essay the Past #150; Sinai Covered in Forests.
The current book states that if you look closely at essays the photographs of the changing attitudes essay St. Catherine's area you will see there is no vegetation (pp. 60-61). But there is an oasis behind St. Catherine's and looking closely one can see the tops of trees towering over the back wall of the monastery even in Plate 7 of the essays on the book.
The book states (p. 62): I don't think there is anyone who will contest that it is impossible to graze a flock of sheep at term lab papers the base of the essays house supposed Mount Sinai [Jebel Musa]. But the Grollenberg Atlas of the Bible has a large photo of writer traducida, just such a flock of essays white, sheep grazing at term lab papers the base of Jebel Musa, the traditional Mt. Essays On The White House. Sinai, in the plain of Er-Rahah. Annotation Template. (32) The shrubbery looks exactly like the vegetation in the photos of the Jebel al-Lawz site (plate 21), which is praised in the book as excellent pasturage and totally different from the supposedly barren traditional site in the Sinai (pp. 66, 158-159). The book inconsistently asserts elsewhere that the great Al-Lawz site itself is in a Saudi Desert more rough and rugged than our U.S. Southwest and is dry and uninhabitable (p. White House. 152). Of course, if the Saudi Arabian site was truly dry and uninhabitable then it could not be the true Mt. Sinai, could it? The truth is that there was a much wetter climate in ancient times, in the Sinai and elsewhere (see Judges 5:4), which sustained much more vegetation than at present. Questions Hatchet. (33) The book claims no brook or dry stream bed can be found around the essays on the white traditional Sinai site (pp.
65, 68-69), which is odd considering that the surrounding wadis themselves by definition are stream beds. Travelers have reported for centuries up to four running streams around the help a thesis for research traditional Sinai. Egeria saw a stream there about 383 A.D. There were bubbling springs seen there about the year 550. (34) Petrie's student and scholar, Lina Eckenstein, in her History of Sinai, has also described the reckless deforestation. which has gone on unchecked for thousands of years, turning a Sinai of great fruitfulness into a vast wasteland. Forests once covered the essays on the white house Sinai valleys. Proof of the heavy forests can be found in the massive, possibly 100,000 tons, of slag-heaps left from the short essay copper smelted by burning huge loads of wood in the Sinai's Wadi Nasb, and in the great bed of essays on the house, ashes from sacrifices burned with tons of wood at the mines of changing, Serabit el-Khadem. (35) The current book concedes these places are not far from the traditional Sinai mountain (p. 54).
Gone are the white house Sinai's extensive tamarish groves , the enormous plantations of palms and short questions hatchet dates, such as the grove of 10,000 date-palms reported in 1335, the numerous fruit and vegetable gardens , and the numerous herds of gazelles, all of which were still in white house existence as late as the Middle Ages, according to Eckenstein. pasture lands which formerly fed sheep and goats were turned into spreading desert by changing attitudes the introduction of the camel, a most destructive animal, she states, like a huge goat. On The. (36) Moses Could Have Wandered Well Outside of Midian. to Reach the Burning Bush at Mt. Sinai. The book argues that Moses could not have wandered outside of Saudi Arabia when he found the personal Burning Bush at Mt.
Sinai because Moses was like the Midianites who were not nomads but, in essays white house fact, were a sedentary culture; they didn't move around, they stayed in changing attitudes one place. They stayed in Midian, which is on the white now associated with Saudi Arabia. Personal Essay. (p. 16) But then the book actually quotes two of essays, its leading reference works (pp. 69-70, 73), the Harper's Bible Dictionary and Smith's Bible Dictionary, both saying the Midianites were nomads . The Bible reports Midianites traveling long distances into Egypt for trade (Gen. 37:28, 36) and into Western and Northern Israel for war (Judges 6-8). Like his Midianite hosts, Moses could have wandered far outside of Midian in reaching Mt. Annotation Template. Sinai. Essays White House. In fact, the Bible seems to say just that: In Exodus 3:1, where Moses is said to have led Jethro's flock to Horeb (Mt. Sinai), the Hebrew verb nahag actually means to forcibly or exhaustingly drive , not gently lead, (37) suggesting Moses traveled a great distance. The Amalekites are another case like the Midianites. The Israelites fought the Amalekites near Mt.
Sinai, while Moses had his arms held up (Exodus 17). Term Lab Papers. The book argues that the Amalekites stayed in Arabia, never venturing as far as the Sinai or Egypt, so the essays on the house battle must have occurred in Saudi Arabia and that must be where Mt. Sinai is to term lab papers, be found (pp. 111-115). But Josephus also located the Amalekites i n the Sinai , the whole district extending from Pelusium in Egypt to the Red Sea, based on 1 Samuel 15:7. (38)
Confusion About Biblical Geographic Clues to Mt. Sinai. At first, the on the book correctly reads Exodus 3:1 to mean Mt. Attitudes Essay. Sinai must be WEST of the wilderness. The book states that the Jebel al-Lawz site for Mt. Sinai in Saudi Arabia meets this condition (p. 62). But elsewhere the on the book claims the al-Lawz mountain lies to help writing statement for research, the EAST of the essays on the wilderness (p. 99).
Melted or Burned Rocks From Jebel al-Lawz are Volcanic. The book contends that God's presence on top of Mt. Sinai supernaturally burned it (Exodus 24:17; Deut. 5:23) -- though the Burning Bush was not burned up (Exodus 3:2-3). The book is inconsistent in doubting at one place whether any evidence of such burning would be left after three millennia (pp. 77-78), but then claiming there is a present-day blackening of the top of Jebel al-Lawz that is unexplained (p. 99) and that analysis of rocks from the base show they may have been burned (p. 98). Plants may have been supernaturally melted right into solid rock, it is said. (39) Geologist Dr. John Morris told me the Jebel al-Lawz rock he examined is bibliography annotation normal metamorphic rock typical for the volcanic area it came from, there was nothing strange about it nor any sign of plants melted into the rock. (40) The book does not mention that Jebel al-Lawz is in a volcanic region.
One of the on the white al-Lawz investigators still maintains that rock from the site has plants melted into it and promises to make available slides and other documentation. (40a) Cut Polished Stones Cannot be from Exodus Israelites. The current book seems to refer to various cut and polished stones as related to the Exodus, yet occasionally admitting they are of much later date (pp. 97, 217). The Israelites were not allowed to cut the stones (Exodus 20:25; Deut. 27:5). Altar at Mt.
Sinai was EARTHEN NOT STONE. The book insists that when Moses built an altar for burnt offerings and fellowship offerings , at Mt. Sinai (Exodus 24:4) it was made of STONE. The Bible states that God instructed Moses on Mt. Sinai to make an altar of paper beatles traducida, earth, not stone (Exodus 20:24, 24:4), for on the house burnt offerings and fellowship offerings: Exodus 20:24: Make an altar of earth for me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and essay questions fellowship offerings , your sheep and goats and your cattle. (Emphasis added.) The Bible then qualifies the instructions for future circumstances at other locations that, Wherever I cause my name to be honored, I will come to you and bless you. if you make an essays house altar of stones for me, do not build it with dressed stones, for you will defile it if you use a tool on it. (Exodus 20:24-25, emphasis added.) Later, the template Israelites did indeed build such an on the uncut stone altar , but in template the Promised Land of Canaan, not Sinai (Deut. 27:5; Joshua 8:31). The book author states, I seriously doubt that an essays altar of earth would have survived all these years (p. 75, emphasis added). But at another place he almost seems to term lab papers, admit the altar on Sinai was made of earth and essays on the white long since destroyed (see p. 96).
In that case, there would be no mystery why the altar has never been found at Mt. Sinai. Bibliography. One flash flood might have washed it away in on the an instant. (41) Over the centuries surely nothing would be left. Paper Beatles. The book states that after many centuries of people searching for Mosesaltar (Exodus 24:4) at on the white house the traditional Mt. Sinai, no one has found anything remotely resembling it. Nor has anyone found Aaron's altar (Exodus 32:5) for the Golden Calf there, we are told (pp. 75-76). But travelers long ago, such as Egeria again, found what they thought were stone altars built by bibliography Moses and Aaron. (42) When stones are not cut it is hard to tell if a given pile is a natural formation or manmade. So, whether travelers were right or wrong in their observations of landscape or in their interpretations of Scripture, it is not quite correct to say that absolutely nothing has ever been thought found at the traditional Sinai.
Because it is certainly not correct that no one has ever claimed , or even discussed the possible finding of altars there as the essays house book insists (p. 109). As for the survival of the 12 pillars of Moses at personal history essay Mt. Sinai (Exodus 24:4), the book author finds it difficult to comprehend that a mountain as important as this one would be defaced or that its stones would be whisked away by essays white someone (p. 75). But one must consider the power of destructive relic-mongering following Constantine's conversion. After Helena's pilgrimage Mt. Sinai was becoming one of the writing paper most favored Christian [pilgrimage] sites. (43) Even the famous supposed Burning Bush, though carefully protected by Helena's church and later the essays white house (St.
Catherine's) fortress monastery, did not survive. By 1216, it was gone, having been taken by relic-seekers. Changing Attitudes Essay. (44) It is often said that pilgrims carried away so many pieces of the true Cross that a warehouse could be filled with them. It is most likely the 12 pillars set up by Moses have been disturbed or removed through the ages so that they are not recognizable as 12 stones set aside in one defined place. PILLARS at al-Lawz are Actually RINGS of Small Stones. The book admits that rather than pillars, these might better be described as low-lying tepee rings of small stones, arranged some 18 feet across and just three or four feet tall or deep (p.
90), possibly only one to two feet deep (p. 210). These sound suspiciously like Early Bronze II-Middle Bronze I rings, which are usually made of small uncut field stones arranged in circles from house 6 to 20 feet in diameter and about 2-1/2 feet high. (45) Since only one or two of the rings were barely visible from under the dirt and rock, and hatchet none of this debris was cleared, it is difficult to see how one can know if any other such pillars existed or that there are exactly 12 of them. Smooth Marble Pillars at al-Lawz are Probably Nabatean. The smooth marble pillars at Jebel al-Lawz are most likely Nabatean. Recall the spectacular ruins of Petra as seen in the recent popular movie Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.
The huge marble-columned Nabatean temple at Petra, ca. 40 A.D., (46) appears out in the middle of nowhere, to paraphrase the current book. Essays On The White. The unexpected appearance of such products of high civilization in a remote place is writer beatles traducida not proof of a link with the Exodus. On The House. In fact, one must consider the help writing for research wetter climate and on the house vastly greater foliage at the time of the Exodus (see Problem No. 8, above). In ancient times, such sites might have been constructed in a green pastureland or forest that has now been rendered a barren desert. Caves of Moses/Jethro near Al Bad, Saudi Arabia, are Well Known. The book under review states that the Caves of Moses or Jethro near Al Bad were previously unknown. Many people in Saudi Arabia were contacted in an effort to find an archaeological site list showing these caves, but nothing was found (p.
183). Writer Beatles Traducida. There appears to be no research on or explanation of this site in any Arabic literature, according to the caption to Plate 19 of the book. However, the Caves of essays on the house, Shoeib near Al Bad are well known, and at least one is sometimes called the Cave of Moses or Moses. Servants. Short Questions Hatchet. (47) A Cave of on the white house, Shoeib is a Cave of Jethro, too, because in the Koran (11:89) Shoeib was an write essay early pre-Islamic prophet often identified in later Arab works as Jethro, Moses. Midianite father-in-law. (48) Bedouins confused the different prophets, Moses, Jethro, Mohammed, Shoeib, Saleh, et al., often recording the on the house same place as having been visited by each. (49) Satellite Photos of Israelites. Trail Not Shown.
None of the alleged satellite photos that are supposed to show the ancient Israelite marching trails and campsites along the Exodus route (pp. 220-221) have been published as far as I know. This makes it difficult to study the assertions that have been based on the photos, or even to verify whether the photos exist. Israelites Marched in One Direction from bibliography Mt. Sinai--Direct to Kadesh Barnea. The book asserts that the Israelites. trail can be followed in the (unpublished) satellite photos from the Sinai peninsula, then into Saudi Arabia, and it just disperses at the Jebel al-Lawz site, the claimed Mt. Sinai. On The White House. It does not continue on in any one direction from Jebel al-Lawz (pp. 220-221). The explanation is that from Mt.
Sinai the annotation Israelites supposedly started their aimless wandering in the wilderness for 40 years (see p. 57). However, there is a misconception and essays misreading of the Bible here as the Israelites did march on in one direction from changing attitudes Mt. Essays On The White House. Sinai. It was to questions, Kadesh Barnea, from where they sent out the spies into the Promised Land. Only at Kadesh-Barnea were they condemned to wander in the wilderness for the next 38 years (Deut. Essays White. 2:14) for their rebellion, not at Mt. Sinai . (Deut.
1:19-2:1; 9:23; Numbers 10:12, 33; 13:26; 14:25.) If the short real Mt. Sinai is at Jebel al-Lawz then there must be a continuation of the trail at least to Kadesh Barnea. But admittedly there isn't. No satellite pictures are shown of the allegedly inferior trails around the traditional Mt. Sinai. No scientific explanation is on the house given, or technical reference cited, for the high-tech space photography method of precisely dating these traditional-site trails at only 300 or 400 years old, at most (p.
221). Seven Days. Travel to Red Sea Most Likely. The book states that Bible scholars and archaeologists have poor math in misplacing Mt. Sinai in questions hatchet the Sinai (p. On The White. 71). A glaring math error has been committed for thousands of years in figuring that the Israelites reached the Red Sea from Goshen in only three days. march (p. 118). This mistake is said to be due to personal history essay, the widespread assumption that Moses. request of essays house, Pharaoh for three days. journey into the wilderness to write personal essay, worship God (Exodus 5:3; 8:27) also represents the travel time to the Red Sea upon the Israelites. escape. However, the real reason scholars have thought (mistakenly) that it took three days to get to the Red Sea is that the Bible lists three stops (Succoth, Etham, and Pi-ha-Khiroth) and essays on the white house it is assumed each stop represented one overnight rest. Personal History Essay. (5) But it cannot be simplistically assumed that the essays white Israelites always camped at night since the pillar of cloud that led them by day was a pillar of fire by night so that they could travel by day or night according to Exodus 13:21 (emphasis added). Ancient Jewish tradition identifies the eating of unleavened bread in haste for seven days in the Passover (Exodus 12:11-19, 37-39; 13:6-7) as the time occupied in hasty travel to the Red Sea.
For seven days eat unleavened bread, the bread of affliction, because you left Egypt in haste , states Deuteronomy 16:3. If so, the Israelites took seven days to get to the Red Sea. (51) The current book concedes the possibility that the Israelites reached the Red Sea in as little as only five to seven days . (p. 125). Midian Partly Overlapped into the Sinai Peninsula. The book states (p. 70, emphasis added): There is NO mention in any work we have been able to writer beatles traducida, uncover that the land of Midian was ever reputed to on the white, be in the Sinai Peninsula. Attitudes Essay. It was always to the east of the Sinai Peninsula across the Gulf of Aqaba, where the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is now found. The argument is that if Mt. Sinai is in Midian, and Midian is on the white house only in Saudi Arabia, then Mt. Write. Sinai had to be in Saudi Arabia, too.
But as we have seen, Mt. Sinai and Midian were in two different places according to the Bible (Exodus 18; Numbers 10). The book's highly praised ancient author Josephus wrote that the essays on the white land of Midian was located in the Sinai , in the whole district extending from Pelusium in Egypt to the Red Sea, where kinsmen of writer beatles, Moses. Midianite father-in-law had settled. Essays. (52) (Notice that Josephus does not make Sinai part of Egypt.) Midian was placed at least partly in the Sinai by later authors (Antoninus of Placentia, Italy, ca. 570 A.D., Arab historian Makrizi, d. 1441). (53) So have some of the leading Bible archaeologists and traducida scholars of modern times-William F. Albright, H. Essays. H. Rowley, G. Ernest Wright, Roland de Vaux, Avraham Negev, and others-who overlap Midian part way into write history essay, the Sinai. (54) Yet the current book says one would be e xtremely hard put to house, find an archaeologist or Biblical scholar who would locate Midian in the Sinai (pp. 16, 70, emphasis added). The book author challenges the write personal history reader to check one's own Bible atlases and see if he is on the house right (p. 69). But he is not.
See for example the Grollenberg Atlas of the Bible, Westminster Historical Atlas of the Bible, the map section of the revised Hastings. Dictionary of the Bible, and the Jewish History Atlas, all showing Midian partly in paper beatles traducida the Sinai. Essays On The White. (55) The Harper's Bible Dictionary is not correctly quoted in changing the book to essays white, support the idea that Midian was limited to Saudi Arabia (pp. 69-70). The correct quote only refers to the center of Midian as located in Saudi Arabia, as it includes the following capitalized portion omitted from the book under review here: The Land of Midian (Exodus 2:15) probably refers to the center of the Midianite territory , that part of northwestern Arabia bordering the bibliography template Gulf of Aqabas eastern shore. On The White. (56) This distinction between a center of Midian and an outlying territory of Midian does not preclude the outlying Midian region from overlapping into the Sinai peninsula, contrary to what the book would lead one to believe with its selective quotation. The map in another key source for the current book, the Harper's Bible Commentary, puts Mt. Sinai (Gebel Musa) at the traditional spot without the question mark that the term lab papers book claims is essays on the house used in almost every Bible atlas (p. 49) -- and term lab papers without showing any alternative site in Saudi Arabia. The book mentions neither of these facts.
Jebel al-Lawz is unquestionably an interesting archaeological site worthy of further investigation, if Saudi authorities will allow it. The identification of this site as the true Mt. Sinai needs to overcome a host of problem areas outlined above. I remain interested in reviewing the evidence for this site and am in the process of gathering further data. Copyright 1990-2001 by Brad C. Sparks All rights reserved. (1) Larry Williams, The Mountain of Moses: The Discovery of Mount Sinai (Wynwood Press, New York, 1990; reprinted as The Discovery of Mount Sinai , 1997) p. 182. (2) Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) p. 70. On The. It will be assumed here that the place where Moses fled after killing the Egyptian (Exodus 2), the land of Midian, roughly corresponds to Saudi Arabia's northwest quarter (see PROBLEM NO. 20 regarding some overlap into the Sinai).
(3) Near the mountain of God (Exodus 18:5). The Israelite camp at Rephidim was literally within a short walking distance of Horeb (Mt. Sinai), where Moses struck the rock to get water (cp. Exodus 17:1, 5-6). Mt. Horeb = Sinai approximately (cp. Template. Exodus 33:6, 34:29-30).
See the main text for discussion of the similar incident located directly at Mt. Sinai (Numbers 10). (4) Har-El's book is quoted in Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) pp. 61, 223. (5) Charles T. Beke, Origines Biblicae (London, 1834) vol. 1, cited in Thomas K. Cheyne, Exodus sec. On The. 5, in Cheyne and J. Sutherland Black (eds.), Encyclopaedia Biblica (Macmillan, New York, 1901) vol. Attitudes Essay. 2, col. 1434. See also Beke, Egypt not the Mizraim, nor the essays white Gulf of Suez the Red Sea, of term lab papers, Scripture, Asiatic Journal, new series, vol. 13 (1834) p. 258; On the localities of Horeb, Mount Sinai, and Midian, connexion with the hypothesis of the distinction between Mizraim and Egypt, letter in The British Magazine (1835), cited in Ibrahim-Hilmy, The Literature of Egypt and the Soudan (Routledge Kegan Paul, London, 1886 [Kraus Reprint, Nendeln, Liechtenstein, 1966]) vol.
1, p. 58. Beke, The Idol in Horeb: evidence that the Golden Image at essays white house Mount Sinai was a cone, and not a calf (London, 1871); Mount Sinai a Volcano (Tinsley, London, 1873). (6) Charles T. Beke (ed. Help Writing Paper. Emily Beke), The Late Dr. C. On The House. B.'s Discoveries of Sinai in writer beatles traducida Arabia, and of Midian (London, 1878) p. 404, cited in Menashe Har-El, The Sinai Journeys: The Route of the Exodus (Ridgefield Publ.
Co., San Diego, Calif., 1983 rev. Eng. transl.) = [ Mase Sinai (Am-Oved Publ. Ltd., Tel Aviv, 1968)] pp. 252, 294 n. 441. Upon his firsthand exploration of the Arabian mountains in 1873-4, Beke seemed to retract his novel thesis of a volcanic origin for the smoke, fire and on the white rumblings on write personal history essay Mt. House. Sinai, but without repudiating the general Arabian locale. Beke, Sinai in Arabia (1878) p. Writing A Thesis Statement For Research Paper. 436, as partly cited in Ian Wilson, Exodus: The True Story (Harper Row, San Francisco, 1985) [= The Exodus Enigma (Weidenfeld Nicholson, London, 1985)] pp.
128, 195. (7) Har-El, Sinai Journeys (1983) p. On The White House. 250. (7a) See note 3 (above). (8) Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) pp. 62, 84. (9) Josephus, Against Apion 2:2 [2:25]: William Whiston (transl.), Josephus: Complete Works (London, 1734 [Kregel Publs., Grand Rapids, Mich., 1960 reprint]) p. 623b; Henry St. J. Thackeray (transl.), Josephus (Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1926) vol.
1, pp. 301-303. (10) Graham I. Davies, The Way of the Wilderness (Cambridge Univ. Press, London, 1979) pp. 51-55. (11) Exodus entry, Cheyne-Black, Encyclopaedia Biblica (1901) vol. 2, col. 1434. (12) Beke, The Late Dr. C. B.'s Discoveries (1878) p. 436 as cited in Wilson, Exodus (1985) pp. 128, 195, and in Ibrahim-Hilmy, Literature of Egypt/Soudan (1886) vol.
1, pp. 58-59. (13) Cheyne-Black, Encyclopaedia Biblica (1899-1903). (14) Oded Bustanay, Exodus, Encyclopaedia Judaica (Keter Publ. House, Jerusalem, 1972) vol. 6, p. Annotation. 1043; Har-El, Sinai Journeys (1983) pp. 357, endpapers; David Daiches, Moses: The Man and his Vision (Praeger, New York, 1975) pp. 84, cf. 90, 98; Wilson, Exodus (1985) pp. 154, 196; Siegfried H. Essays House. Horn, What We Dont Know About Moses and the Exodus, Biblical Archaeology Review, vol. 3, no.
2 (June 1977) pp. 22a-31b at 30, cf. 29a. Har-El's book is quoted in questions hatchet Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) pp. 61, 223. (15) Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) pp. 13, 56. (16) Nectarius, Bishop of Sinai at St. Essays. Catherine's Monastery ca. 1658, drew on the monastery's vast manuscript collection (which included the now famous Codex Sinaiticus) to history, write the monastery's official history and he is the authority for essays Helena's role in building the original church ca. 330.
Lina Eckenstein, A History of Sinai (London New York, 1921 [AMS Press, New York, 1980 reprint]) pp. 99 fn. 1, 178-179; James Bentley, Secrets of Mount Sinai (Doubleday, New York, 1986 [Orbis, London, 1985]) p. Essay Questions. 58; Edith Deen, Great Women of the Christian Faith (Harper Row, New York, 1959 [Barbour Co., Westwood, N.J., reprint]) pp. 7-10. (17) Bentley, Secrets/Sinai (1986) p. Essays White. 58; Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) p. 99. (18) Contrary to the arbitrary dating of attitudes essay, Justinian's accession in 527 that is sometimes cited, the monastery must have been built after Empress Theodora died in 548 as a roof inscription still extant is on the white house dedicated to annotation template, her posthumously (Bentley, Secrets/Sinai, pp. 64-67). White. Justinian's building activity began ca. 535 and a decree of Justinian dated to 551 guarantees political independence of the monastery (Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai, pp.
121-122, 177). Though the decree is help writing a thesis for research paper probably an ancient forgery, it nevertheless may reflect early information on the construction date of the monastery. (19) Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) p. 147. A SHRINE for St. Catherine on an elevated portion of Mt. Sinai (Jebel Musa) had been mentioned as early as ca. Essays House. 1096 ( ibid., p. 140) but the name evidently was not yet applied to term lab papers, the MONASTERY itself, located in the wadi next to Mt. Sinai. (20) Davies, Wilderness (1979) pp. 63, 109.
Karl Richard Lepsius in a letter of April 6, 1845, suggested for the first time that the Onomasticon of Eusebius, ca. Essays On The White. 330 A.D., revised by essay Jerome ca. 390 A.D., had identified a mountain AT a place called Paran (not a Mt. Paran), three days. journey from Eilat (Elath), as Mt. Sinai. But his theory was based on a misreading of the text, which clearly distinguished Paran and Mt.
Sinai as separate locales. Lepsius also believed this Mt. Essays White. Sinai-at-Paran meant Jebel Serbal near Pharan or Feiran, about 20 miles northwest of Jebel Musa, but this is much farther than three days. travel from Elath. Lepsius (transl. Charles H. Cottrell), A Tour from Thebes to the Peninsula of Sinai (London, 1846 Eng. transl.) pp.
65, 74; Briefe aus Aegypten, Aethiopien und der Halbinsel des Sinai (Berlin, 1852) pp. 345-354, 416, 447-451; as cited in the critiques below: Henry Hayman, Sinai, in William Smith (ed.), A Dictionary of the Bible (Murray, London, 1863) vol. Writer Traducida. 3, pp. 1325a-1328a at 1326b-1327a; James G. Murphy, A Critical and essays house Exegetical Commentary on the Book of personal essay, Exodus (T. T. Clark, Edinburgh, 1866 [Klock Klock, Minneapolis, Minn., 1979 reprint]) pp.
204-205; C. F. Keil and Friedrich Delitzsch, Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament (T. Essays White. T. Clark, Edinburgh, 1878) vol. 2, p. Personal History. 90 fn. 1 [on Exodus 19:1, 2]; J. Rendel Harris, Sinai, Mount, in James Hastings (ed.), A Dictionary of the Bible (T. T. Clark, Edinburgh; Scribner's, New York, 1898 [Hendrickson Publ., Peabody, Mass., 1988 reprint]) vol. 4, pp. 536b-538a at 537b; Eckenstein, Hist.
Sinai, p. 4; Davies, Wilderness, pp. 43-44, 63, 109 nn. 5, 6. Davies refutes the mistaken notion of Hare-El, and a J. Baker Greene writing in 1883, that Burckhardt also had advocated Serbal as Sinai prior to on the white house, Lepsius. Davies, p. Changing Attitudes. 109 n. 6. Essays White House. (The same mistake was made still earlier in the Smith Bible Dict., 1863; see Hayman, ibid. ) (21) Davies, Wilderness (1979) pp. 14-28, esp. 23-24. (22) Paul J. Achtemeier (ed.), Harper's Bible Dictionary (Harper Row, New York, 1985) p. 957, emphasis added. (23) Eckenstein, Hist.
Sinai (1921) pp. 98-101, 104, 119; Davies, Wilderness (1979) pp. 100-101 n. 23; John Wilkinson, Egeria's Travels to the Holy Land (Aris Phillips, Warminster, Eng. Ariel Publ. House, Jerusalem, 1981 rev.) pp. 29, 237-239; see A. Thomas Kraabel review in BAR, vol. 9, no. 2 (March/April 1983) pp. 20-23.
Egeria is also known in the literature as Etheria or Silvia, but the name and spelling as Egeria has been fairly well established. George E. Gingras, Egeria: Diary of a Pilgrimage (Newman Press/Paulist Press, New York, 1970) pp. 6-7; Wilkinson, Egeria's Travels, pp. 235-236. (24) Davies, Wilderness (1979) p. 42. (25) Alan H. Gardiner, William F. Albright, Edouard Naville, and changing attitudes essay others, cited in: John Van Seters, The Hyksos (Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, Conn., 1966) pp. 148-149; Gingras, Egeria, pp.
21-23, 149-150 nn. 96-102, 183 n. Essays On The House. 103; Wilson, Exodus, p. 47; John Bimson, Exodus and Conquest-Myth or Reality? Journal of the Ancient Chronology Forum, vol. 2 (London, 1988) pp. 37, 39; Itzhaq Beit-Arieh, Fifteen Years in help writing statement Sinai, BAR, vol. 10, no. 4 (July/August 1984) p. 28; Aviram Perevolotsky and on the white house Israel Finkelstein, The Southern Sinai Exodus Route in Ecological Perspective, BAR, vol. 11, no. 4 (July/August 1985) pp. Paper Beatles Traducida. 28-32.
(26) Davies, ibid., pp. 40, 43, 46; Eckenstein, Hist. White. Sinai (1921) pp. 93-94, 115; Wilkinson, Egeria's Travels (1981) pp 28-29, 100-101, 205-207. Etymology of Clysma: J. Rendel Harris and Arthur T. Paper Beatles. Chapman, Exodus and Journey to on the house, Canaan, in essay questions hatchet Hastings, Dict. of the Bible (1898) vol. 1, p. 803b; Joseph Henry Thayer, Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament (Associated Publs., Grand Rapids, Mich., reprint 1889 rev.) pp. 332a, 350b. (27) Davies, Wilderness (1979) pp. 30, 99 n. 1, emphasis added. In Herodotus ca. 450 B.C., not only was the Sinai Peninsula considered PART OF ARABIA but, surprisingly, so was all of the essays on the white eastern desert half of term lab papers, what WE now call EGYPT on the continent of AFRICA.
In Greek and Roman Empire days, the bulk of the on the Sinai Peninsula was left to the Nabateans as Arabia Petrea, until their conquest by the Romans in 106 A.D. The southern and central Sinai were then merged into writer traducida, the new Province of Arabia. Essays On The White. Even in modern times, Wilhelm Gesenius listed both MT. SINAI and the Sinai Peninsula as PART OF ARABIA, in his famous 1834 Hebrew Lexicon. Writing Paper. (Herodotus II:8, 11, 158; Michael Avi-Yonah, Sinai, Encycl. Judaica, vol. Essays On The White. 14, p. 1595; Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai, p. 91; Davies, Wilderness, p. 30; Avraham Negev (ed.), The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land [AEHL] (Thomas Nelson, Nashville, Tenn., 1986 rev.) pp. 65, 221-223, 276, 292, 351; Samuel P. Tregelles (transl.), Gesenius' Hebrew and bibliography template Chaldee Lexicon (Baker, Grand Rapids, Mich., 1979 reprint [London, 1847, 1857]) p. On The White House. 584 (Strong's no. 5514).) (28) Telephone interview with John D. Morris, ICR, Oct.
26, 1990; Morris, The Search for Noah's Ark: Status 1992, Impact, no. 231 [ Acts Facts, vol. 21, no. 9] (Sept. Bibliography Template. 1992) p. iii. (29) Bob Cornuke slide presentation, Calvary Chapel-Costa Mesa, Santa Ana, Calif., Oct. Essays. 25, 1990 (tape transcript). See also Cornuke, Trinity Broadcasting Network television program, Dec. 18, 1991 (audio tape available from TBN, Tustin, Calif.). (30) Also Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) p. 123 (to go out of Goshen is to go OUTSIDE OF EGYPT), emphasis added. (31) John Bright, A History of Israel (Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1959) pp.
114-115. (32) Louis Grollenberg, Atlas (Thomas Nelson, London, 1956, 1965) p. 51. (33) Alessandra Nibbi, Ancient Egypt and Some Eastern Neighbours (Noyes Press, Park Ridge, N.J., 1981) pp. 1-5, 9, 11; William H. Stiebing, Out of the Desert? (Prometheus Books, Buffalo, N.Y., 1989) pp. 184-186. (34) Frederick W. Holland in Charles W. Essay. Wilson, et al., The Recovery of Jerusalem (R. Bentley, London, 1871) p. 524, quoted in Claude R. Conder, Sinai, in James Orr (gen. ed.), International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Mich., 1929 rev. [1986 reprint]), vol. 4, p. 2804; Samuel C. Bartlett, From Egypt to Palestine (Harper Row, New York, 1879) pp.
270-272, as cited in Wilbur Fields, Exploring Exodus (College Press, Joplin, Missouri, 1976) p. Essays. 394; Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) pp. 118, 122-123. (35) Eckenstein, ibid., pp. 6-7, 39-40. (37) R. Laird Harris (ed.), Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (Moody Press, Chicago, 1980) vol.
2, pp. Annotation. 558-559 (no. 1309); Gesenius Lexicon, p. 536 (Strong's no. 5090). (38) Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 6:7:3 ; edition of Henry St. J. Essays White. Thackeray and Ralph Marcus (transls.), Josephus (Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1934) p. 237. See also Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai, p. 45. (39) Cornuke presentation, Oct. 25, 1990 (tape transcript).
Cf. Personal History Essay. Williams, Mountain of Moses (1990) pp. 77-79. See also Cornuke, TBN television, Dec. Essays House. 18, 1991 (audio tape). (40) Telephone interview with John D. Bibliography Template. Morris, ICR, Oct. 26, 1990; Morris, Search for Noah's Ark, Impact [ Acts Facts ] (Sept. 1992) p. iii.
(40a) Bob Cornuke telephone interview, Dec. 30, 1996. (41) Flash floods at St. Catherine's or southern Sinai generally: Eckenstein, Hist. Essays White House. Sinai (1921) pp.
5-6; George H. Forsyth and Kurt Weitzmann, Saving the Mt. Sinai Mosaics, BAR , vol. 4, no. 4 (Nov/Dec 1978) p. 20. (42) Egeria 2:2, 4:4; Eckenstein, ibid., pp. 117-118; Gingras, Egeria (1970) pp.
50, 54-55; Wilkinson, Egeria's Travels (1981) pp. Paper Beatles. 91, 95-96. (43) Bentley, Secrets/Sinai (1986) p. 58, emphasis added. (44) Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) p. 151; Bentley, ibid., p. 67. (45) Negev, AEHL (1986) p. 351. Eckenstein, ibid., p. 118. Interestingly, Egeria (5:5) saw low-lying circular stone foundations near the traditional Mt. Sinai, which she thought were remains of houses built by the Israelites under Moses. Egeria also saw the so-called Nawami stone huts (Eckenstein, p. 90; Wilkinson, pp.
209-210, 213, 216, 328) on essays white house her way to Mt. Write Personal. Sinai. House. These have been found in various spots across the Sinai and Negev, some with the stone roofs amazingly still intact. Based on pottery chronology, they are dated to the Chalcolithic age. (Beit-Arieh, BAR , July/Aug 1984, pp. 34-36.) (46) Avraham Negev, Understanding the Nabateans, BAR , vol. Writer Traducida. 14, no. House. 6 (Nov/Dec 1988) pp. 32, 34. (47) Davies, Wilderness (1979) pp.
49, 106 n. 2, 110 n. 17. (48) Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) pp. 81-82. Arab historian Masoudi ca. 951 A.D. disputed this identification of Shoeib with Jethro. (50) Exodus 12:37; 13:20; 14:2; Numbers 33:3-8. See Keil-Delitzsch, Comm. Exodus (1878) pp.
26-27 (on Exod. 12:37-42). (51) Ancient Hebrew tradition of 7-day travel on Abib/Nisan 15-21 from Egypt to the Red Sea: Johann David Michaelis, Essai physique sur lheure des marees dans la Mer Rouge, comparee avec lheure du passage des Hebreux (Paris, 1755; rev. Gottingen, 1758) as partly cited in Alexander Wheelock Thayer, The Hebrews and the Red Sea (Warren F. Draper, Andover, Mass., 1883) p. 11 fn. 1; see also Howard B. Paper Beatles. Rand, Primogenesis (Destiny Publishers, Haverhill, Mass., 1953) pp.
166-167, as quoted in John J. Essays White House. Davis, Moses and the Gods of Egypt (Baker, Grand Rapids, Mich., 1986 rev.) p. 174; Fields, Exploring Exodus (1976) pp. 260, 289 (3 days to Succoth then 4 days to Red Sea). (52) Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 6:7:3 ; Thackeray-Marcus, Josephus (1934) p. 237. (53) Eckenstein, Hist. Sinai (1921) p. 81; Davies, Wilderness (1979) p. 46.
(54) Grollenberg, Atlas (1965) pp. 44, 157; G. Ernest Wright and F. Term Lab Papers. V. Filson, Westminster Historical Atlas (Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1956 rev.) p. 33; James Hastings (ed.), Frederick C. Grant and H. H. Rowley (rev. White House. eds.), Dictionary of the attitudes essay Bible (Scribner's, New York, 1963 rev.) map 5; Negev, AEHL (1986) p. 262. (55) Ibid.; Martin Gilbert (ed.), Jewish History Atlas (Weidenfeld Nicholson, London, 1985) map reprinted in Martin Gilbert (cons. ed.), Illustrated Atlas of house, Jewish Civilization (Macmillan, New York, 1990) p. 15. (56) Achtemeier, Harper's Bible Dict. (1985) p. Attitudes. 634. Essays On The White. Harper's next sentence confusingly talks about the Midianites roaming far beyond this ancestral homeland as far as the Sinai , which might suggest to personal essay, a cursory reader that the Sinai was outside of Midian but apparently means the Sinai was outside of the ancestral center of essays on the white house, Midianite territory. However, there is no Biblical basis for distinguishing between a central Midian and an outer Midian.
(57) Ibid., p. Paper Beatles. 957; James L. Mays (gen. ed.), Harper's Bible Commentary (Harper Row, San Francisco, 1988) map 2. Copyright 1990-2001 by Brad C. Sparks. Addendum: Prof. On The House. K.A. Short Hatchet. Kitchen addresses the possible routes of the Exodus and the overwhelming evidence that the traditional location at the South end of the Sinai Peninsula is correct. See his new book, On the Reliability of the Old Testament , Wm. B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2003. See especially pages 241-274.
Route Maps, from K.A. Kitchen. Another Traditional route map with major place names. (added 3/18/04). Online version created January 30, 1997. Modified January 31, 1997, April 21, 1997, February 9, 1999, Last revision April 23, 2001.
Formatting changes: Thursday, February 6, 2003. January 1, 2004. April 17, 2004. October 7, 2004. March 24, 2005. April 2, 2005. August 7, 2006.
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essay structre Tristanne Connolly, Department of essays on the white house, English, St. Jerome's University. You can skip ahead to advice on: Essays usually begin with one introductory paragraph. The first section of this paragraph eases the reader in. Paper Writer Beatles Traducida! You could be writing about essays white, anything at this point, so use your introduction to let readers know what you are writing about, and get them interested. Possible ways to do this are: Find a quotation that reflects your ideas, or sums up what you want to say in an interesting, snappy way. You have a ready source for quotations in the piece of write personal, literature you're writing about.
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Make sure your thesis makes a claim . For instance, if you say there are many similarities and differences or this essay will address the characteristics of. , you could get more specific. What similarities and paper writer traducida, differences? What characteristics? What do they have in common? And what does it all mean? Are there any interesting contradictions involved, e.g., are there opposite characteristics working together, or characteristics that could have the opposite effect? Make sure your thesis is not obviously true: a statement of on the white house, fact or a clich. Term Lab Papers! Instead, can you put a new twist on essays on the white house, an old idea, or contest received wisdom? You are not really proving anything if you are restating common knowledge. Make sure your thesis can be proven within the constraints of the questions hatchet assignment.
Know what kind of evidence to use for a particular assignment, and make sure your thesis fits. For instance, when you are writing a literary essay, you must make sure your main point focuses on the text itself, and can be supported by textual evidence, rather than some other kind, such as personal experience, or statistics. These might be helpful for house, some small points, but if they're necessary to attitudes the main idea, then it's no longer a literary essay. When your essay assignment requires research, you must make sure your point can be proven reliably using sources you are able to find. Make sure your thesis is not based only on opinion.
Particularly, judgments such as good or bad, true or false, are hard to prove for this reason. Could you say something about the significance of the essays on the topic instead? Or examine why you think something is true or false, good or bad? Iif you are automatically stating your opinion without considering it, you are not thinking very deeply and may be in the realm of help statement for research paper, clich. Essays On The House! Dealing with a text, think about how the writer seems to feel about the topic, and be aware that she or he may not agree with you (or even the essay speakers in the text!).
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The thesis is like a preview of your essay. This means that it helps a lot to have an idea of what you are going to say before you begin to write a first draft -- and that if your idea changes as you write and experiment, you should go back and change the bibliography annotation template thesis to essays white fit. Writer! Do not save your main point for on the white, your conclusion: essays are not suspense stories or poker games. Lay your cards on the table in the introduction. However, remember that in annotation template, your body paragraphs you will prove and essays white, expand on your main idea: the introduction shows exactly where you are going, and in the body paragraphs you go there. You can have as many body paragraphs as you wish. However many sub-topics you have to prove your thesis, that is how many body paragraphs you will have. You can place them in writer beatles, any order, so long as it makes sense. For instance, you can: *place the strongest argument last. *move in chronological order.
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*offer full explanation of how and why your evidence proves your point , and how and why that point relates back to your thesis. If any of your paragraphs are lacking either of these things, something is wrong with them and they must be fixed. Bibliography! E.g., a paragraph that is essays on the white house all evidence or summary with no explanation indicates no brain work on annotation, your part: you need to analyze your evidence and explain what it means, particularly in relation to your main idea. Conversely, a paragraph that is all assertions gives the reader the impression you are talking through your hat. Essay readers will not take your word for it. If you are arguing something reasonable, you should be able to prove it, and white house, if you don't it will look like you can't. For every assertion you make, give proof and explanation. Topic sentences can also help you make sure your paragraphs are all unified . Each paragraph should be about only one thing . If there is any sentence in a paragraph which is not on topic, it should either be moved to the paragraph where it belongs, or thrown out. If nothing in the paragraph can be clearly related to your essay's main idea, the whole paragraph has to go. Your body paragraphs must all work to prove your thesis: this makes your essay coherent . To assure your reader that your essay is coherent or hangs together, you need to annotation have smooth transitions between paragraphs. A formulaic way to move from one paragraph to the next is to on the house say something like, Another example. or The third point is. , but this is very mechanical and so doesn't have the finesse of an A paper!
Using such formulae is handy for a first draft, but as you improve your paper, try to replace mechanical transitions with more interesting ones. Think about the term lab papers ideas you are trying to express: what do they have in common? What is the white house difference between the last idea and this one? You can use the similarities and differences to short essay compose interesting transition sentences which help you show why you decided to on the white organize your paper the way you did, and also give more significance to your points. Handy comparison and contrast words can assist you here: (of course you will fill in write personal history essay, the details!) Although/While this last idea is like this, this next idea is like that; This last idea is like this, and this new idea is also/similarly like this with these important differences or further details. You can also use time sequence (e.g. On The! Next/Meanwhile ), or cause and effect (e.g. Consequently/If. then ). The conclusion of an essay wraps things up. It reiterates the personal history main idea in different words, and looks back over how the thesis was proven. This is white not just repetition: it gives you an opportunity to writer beatles traducida show how you have developed your idea, to essays indicate what the reader has learned by reading your essay.
As well as summing up , the conclusion should leave the reader satisfied that the changing time it took to read the essay was well spent. So, remember Miles Davis and answer the question, So What? Why is all this important? What are the implications of essays on the house, what you have argued? What does it mean in the big world? As in personal history, your introduction, though, be careful not to over-generalize , making a claim that your essay is more important than it is or has proven more than it has.
No new information should be offered in the conclusion; only the ideas already presented, seen in a new light. Some ways to put a sting in the tail of your essay: Quotation. Find one that reflects or sums up your point in a clever and memorable way. Figurative language. Metaphors and on the white house, images can leave a striking idea or picture in the reader's mind, and you can use them to elaborate on your insight. Especially if you use one in the introduction, bring it up again and see how you can use it a bit differently. Example or anecdote.
A brief story or example can make the implications of help writing statement for research paper, your point more vivid, and place your ideas in on the, a wider context. Predictions or speculations. Term Lab Papers! What follows from what you have argued? Make sure you don't speculate too far; stick to what seems plausible from essays on the white, what you said previously. And a finishing touch: a great title. A good title is not too vague, yet not too long either. A good way to think about it is, if a person were trying to find articles on your topic in a database, would your title have enough of the right keywords to pop up? Be sure to mention the writer beatles traducida text and/or author you're writing about, and white, include words which reveal something about the statement paper main drift of your argument. These are the mechanics of an appropriate title; of course, you also want it to be interesting. A unique or clever turn of essays on the white house, phrase can do this for you. You can also take a short phrase from the text which you think particularly relates to what you have to say, and place it before your main title, with a colon to connect them.
Here's an example. Wild Ecstasies and Sober Pleasure: The Relationship between William and Dorothy Wordsworth in Lines Written a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey