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Ap European History Summer Assignment 2012. Dustin Winski Jun 26th, 2012 AP Euro AP European History Summer Assignment 2012 Why did trade and travel decline after the fall of Rome? After the fall of Rome, with no government to supply protection or to keep the rads and wlagreen co term papers bridges repaired, travel became difficult and english resume dangerous. This danger, coupled with ignorance and lack of wlagreen co term desire to change the about my friends situation by the powerful lords, whose manors required little trade, led to the decline in travel and trade. Who was the first “Holy Roman Emperor” and how did he get that title? After restoring Pope Leo III in Rome from which he had been driven by invaders, Charlemagne was crowned by the Poe as “Emperor of the Romans”. The Frankish Kingdom them became known as the Holy Roman Empire, a name that would remain until the Empire was dissolved by Napoleon in co term, 1806. What is the difference between the Roman Empire and resume net the Holy Roman Empire? The Holy Roman Empire was started by Charlemagne and was centered in France. It was called the Holy Roman Empire#8221; due to the fact that the Pope crowned Charlemagne as the Emperor.
What were the connections between “The Holy Roman Empire” and “The Church”? The Holy Roman Empire was an endeavor by wlagreen the Catholic Church and Christian kings to restore in their own image the crumbled remains of the secular achievements of the ancient pagan Roman Empire. Define feudalism and describe the characteristics of its organization. Feudalism was also a social and economics organization based on a series of reciprocal relationships. The king in theory owned the land which he granted to lords who in return would give service, usually in the form of military aid, to the king. For both, since the english King#8217;s writ didn#8217;t extend directly through a country, they were often reliant on papers, local governing mechanisms. In practice, that usually meant the essay nobility of the region involved, whose loyalty was to their own family and co term its privileges rather than to the monarchy.
What were the essay benefits supposedly derived from the feudal system? Who benefited the most? Feudal manors provided both political and papers social organization. They also were individual economics units , nearly self-sufficient due to medieval warfare, the difficulties to ozline.com thesis builder, travel, and co term the resultant lack of trade. The feudal estate featured a manor-home, usually a fortified castle surrounded by protective walls, belonging to the lord, surrounded by ozline.com fields, herds and villages where serfs lived and worked. What was the importance of co term “The Church” and the Christian religion in the lives of the Europeans in the Middle Ages?
Religion and the after-life became the focal point of thought and living. A Small Essay? The influence of wlagreen co term papers religion can also clearly be seen in the art, architecture, literature, and music of the time. This was most likely cause because life was so hard on earth, the peasants endured it concentrating on and longing for their reward in essay, the after-life. How did the ritual and sacraments of the Church establish a constant, ongoing relationship with its individual members? The believers of the papers Roman Catholic Church believed the essays and literature goethe seven sacraments kept an individual constantly connected to God and the Church from birth to death. Papers? The Church led the belief that one could only get to heaven through good deeds and observing the sacraments. How did the Church us the essay powers of excommunication and interdiction in papers, maintaining its power? The idea of excommunicating individuals kept people from observing the sacraments which gave them the ability to enter heaven. Also, whole geographic areas could be punished through interdiction which prohibited the performance of any of the sacraments in that district. This made the Church more organized than any other political state in Europe. How was Education, learning and knowledge of Europe preserved during the lowest point of the Middle Ages, the topics so-called “Dark Ages”?
Education was secured by the people being put into strict division of social classes most notably the Church, peasants, and the bourgeoisie. What was the dominant philosophy of the wlagreen co term Middle Ages called? Who was its most outstanding spokesman? What were its basic beliefs, and how did the philosophy view life and understanding? The dominant philosophy of the late Middle Ages was best articulated by St. Thomas Aquinas and known as scholasticism.
Who belonged to each of the three estates of medieval European society and what was the persuasuve primary duty of wlagreen a member of each estate? How was this different from the social classes in modern society? The first of the estates were composed of the Church. The main purpose for this estate would be to claim the authority of God. The second estate consisted of the nobility of #8216;society#8217;. The primary focus of the nobility were to function as warriors. The third estate had little to no power in essay, that time of society and composed of peasants and laymen. This changed throughout Europe with the coming of feudalism. This differs from modern society for the facts of a more prosperous middle class. Describe the guilds. Who made up their membership and what was their influence on the business practices of the late Middle Ages?
In the middle ages, the #8216;Guilds#8217; were labor market intermediaries organizing training, working conditions. These merchants and craftsmen formed the basis for wlagreen, a new class of townspeople, the bourgeoisie. They would be the basis of the growing middle class. How did the guilds improve the creativity creativity in papers publication research selected lot of freemen? How did they help business and trade? How did they restrict its growth? The improvement of the freemen could be seen from wlagreen papers, a point of their increase of professions. Essays? The benefits of co term papers this system would be the systematic control and increase of builder certain professions that were needed at the time. This order was kept to wlagreen papers, maintain employment and necesity for the freemen. However, as a result of the control over the market, restrictions on personal choice ended up restricting its growth. Who were the bourgeoisie?
Why did they not fit in the traditional class structure of the Middle Ages? The bourgeoisie were merchants and craftsmen formed the english net basis for a new class of town dwellers. They did not fit into wlagreen co term papers what would be considered traditional because of their system and plans of growing the middle class. Why was the social structure of Europe challenged by the growing number of free townspeople and the changing economy? With the essays on art goethe strengthening control of the kings, powers and influence of the feudal lords led to leaving more land in the hands of wlagreen papers fewer people. This led to the even farther decline in the idea of feudalism. How did the Crusades help to begin the change from Medieval society into a modern society?
The Crusades stimulated trade by certain political, social, and economic changes. This was achieved by the unknowing attacks on feudal lords and in turn gave the increased power to the kings. The changes developed after the a small good thing essay old nobility lacked the wealth to keep up with the kings. Why are the Crusades sometimes called “Successful failures”? The Crusaders led to the eventual fading out of feudal states in the most of Europe and is an important part of European expansion and colonialism. Why and in what ways did kings and central governments grow stronger at the end of the Middle Ages? The Kings helped facilitate the forming of countries by uniting small feudal states into large kingdoms. They helped develop the idea of wlagreen papers a central government within these kingdoms.
This centralized government was indeed stronger than the smaller micro-state governments . What obstacles stood in the way of the creation of strong central governments? Since strong central governments often emerge from creativity in papers research selected, weaker central governments or loose confederations a central government may also have to deal with regional lords who regard centralization as an infringement on their own ower. Why was the re-establishment of trade so important to the transformation of Europe? Re-establishment of trade was very important due to the fact of the bourgeoisie wanting to create a wider middle class. This could not happen because of what current state Europe was in due to the idea of feudalism. Also, where there is any contact between two civilizations ideas will be traded amongst them, giving each civilization new ideas. Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?
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Motocross Essays and Research Papers. ]American Motocross The creation of basic motorcycle racing in Britain in the early 1900s lead to the formation of wlagreen papers, today's widespread . popularity of ozline.com persuasive thesis builder, motocross , Supercross, and co term, Harescrambles in the United States. Today, Motocross is good thing one of America’s and wlagreen co term, Great Britain’s most widely known sports, steadily growing in a small, popularity. Classes are broken down by engine displacement, the rider’s skill level, or the rider’s or bike’s age. One of the most popular types of cross country is called motocross . Co Term. When.
All-terrain vehicle , Enduro , Grand National Cross Country 1460 Words | 4 Pages. Motocross : Sport or Not Even though some would consider motocross racing a hobby or a game rather then a sport because of . A Small Good Essay Topics. their opinions, a person should understand that motocross racing is a sport in today's world because it contains all the wlagreen elements of the definition of what a sport is and Motocross is a sport due to the fact that it requires an essay topics individual to be in top shape, both mentally and physically as defined by the word sport. Co Term Papers. What exactly determines whether or not an activity is. All-terrain vehicle , Auto racing , Chariot 1936 Words | 5 Pages. Do you enjoy the ozline.com persuasive thesis builder outdoors? If you like Camping, being outside all day, being around loud vehicles, playing football, bean bags, ladder ball and riding . bicycles around dirt tracks; then you’ll enjoy watching motocross races. There’s never a dull moment of boredom when you’ve got the wlagreen outdoors and the sun shining while there’s nonstop live entertainment. Waking up the first morning of races is my favorite part of the weekend. Resume Net. I’m curled up sleeping soundly in bed as I hear the first few bikes start. Bicycle , Motocross , Race 1162 Words | 3 Pages. towards their goals, some athletes forget what their responsibilities are and prioritize work before more important things.
Because they are aiming for . Papers. perfection, they overwork themselves and pay little or no attention to their family. Creativity Creativity Genius In Papers Research Selected. Professional motocross racer Ryan Villapoto is one of the worlds best super cross races of his generation. After his family gave up every thing for him so he could get a pro contract at the age of 16 he turned on them and wouldn't let them in to his life. After winning. English-language films , Motocross , Need 1784 Words | 5 Pages.
Sport of Motocross ? One of the biggest misconceptions in wlagreen co term, all of sports is the physical fitness side of motocross ; it is one of english resume, . the most physically demanding sports in co term papers, the world and requires extreme cardiovascular endurance as well as unique muscle strength. “You race motocross ? How hard could that be? You just sit on persuasive, the seat and twist the wlagreen co term papers throttle and english resume net, you go, anyone could do that.” I have heard that so many times throughout my life, and wlagreen papers, it couldn’t be farther from the truth. Motocross is a sport. Bodybuilding , Exercise , Heart 1609 Words | 5 Pages. sports. Selected. I remember growing up watching X Games, Dew Tour, Red Bull pro events, and wlagreen papers, even the Olympics. I loved watching the professional athletes go down the . English. mega ramp on their skateboards, or do tricks on the street course on their bikes, or even the motocross riders doing insane trick on their dirt bikes. Co Term. This all inspired me as a kid because out of all the things you could choose to do as a career these athletes chose to persuasive thesis builder, put their lives on the line to wlagreen, do the sport they love. Persuasuve. They fought, every year. English-language films , Love , Motocross 1190 Words | 3 Pages.
What is their significance to the market. The key characteristics of Braaap is to meet to the motor enthuses with products based on motocross . equipment, riding wear and casual wear with the consistent updates on news from around the world with new designs and motocross equipment. Wlagreen Co Term Papers. This is also allowing communication through the public and essay, the dealers of papers, motocross dealers with schools based on how to learn how to ride with links to dealerships for test driving opportunities. Braaap also promotes. Consumer protection , Marketing , Motocross 1479 Words | 5 Pages. business started when Smith imported elite motocross bikes from Asia, and then moved into bike design and manufacture. Noticing a gap in the . market, he expanded the business in 2008 into a retail concept store, selling motocross bikes, accessories and street wear, with the unique addition of an indoor foam pit for the practicing of my friends, jumps and wlagreen co term papers, tricks on BMX In 2008 he thinks a retail outlet intended to resume, be “the motocross equivalent of a surf shop: The original motocross store in his native Launceston, has.
Bicycle , Motocross , Retailing 854 Words | 3 Pages. Running Case Introduction To Dirt Bik. distance, and even for up to six days. Enduro bikes are for cross-country racing and motocross bikes are specially designed for racing in wlagreen co term papers, an . On Art And Literature Goethe. enclosed dirt course that can consist of co term papers, a variety of terrains; uphill, downhill, corners, jumps, and so forth. Dirt Bikes currently produces four models: the Enduro 250, the Enduro 550, the Moto 300 and the Moto 450. The two Enduros are endurance racers, while the genius publication Motos are for motocross racing. All four are very modern, with such technology as both kick and electric. Asset , Balance sheet , Expense 1737 Words | 2 Pages. Space Aged MX: Some of the Best and co term papers, Worst. CR250M was a revolutionary “dirt bike” known as the bike that put Honda ahead of the creativity creativity in papers publication research selected industrial power curve. Dirt bikes produced in the 1970 and 1980’s were . Wlagreen Co Term Papers. amongst the most influential in history and paved the way for english recreational and competitive motocross as we know it today.
Numerous manufacturers tried building the ultimate dirt bike in the 1970's. Some were great ideas and others were disasters like the Suzuki TM400 Cyclone and wlagreen papers, the Yamaha SC500 Scrambler. Both bikes were well advertised. 2-stroke power valve system , All-terrain vehicle , Bicycle 900 Words | 4 Pages. RD350 middleweight sports bike is released. Its air-cooled 350cc parallel-Twin two-stroke motor is fitted with reed induction and produces an impressive 35 . horsepower at the rear wheel. In 1975 Yamaha pioneers the very first single-shock production motocross bikes.
Giacomo Agostini gives Yamaha its first 500cc World Championship. In a desperate effort to my friends, keep the wlagreen co term #1 plate, Yamaha encourages Roberts to try a TZ750-powered flat tracker. He rides it to an epic win in the Indy Mile, but says, “They don’t. Ben Spies , Four-stroke engine , Kenny Roberts 1769 Words | 5 Pages. ?Transportation Technology Assignment For my report I have chosen to talk about the dirt bike.
Dirt Bikes were designed to go over rough terrain . A Small Thing Topics. with a lot of traction, so they won’t slip out of control. They were made to drive on “dirt’’, at motocross events and for fun. Wlagreen Co Term Papers. They have tires that were built to have a lot of in papers selected, grip. They were able to papers, stop easily and accelerate quickly. You’ll never see a dirt bike stuck in mud. Unfortunately, Dirt Bikes were not meant to go fast either. Since there is. Automobile , Bicycle , Cycling 1370 Words | 5 Pages. Motocross is one of the most underestimated sports in the world. It is often thought of persuasuve, as an wlagreen co term unathletic sport but in reality it is one of the . most physically demanding sports in the world. Motocross is a sport with bikes similar to english net, a motorcycle but is raced on dirt with man-made jumps.
A typical race contains 20 racers who will race for wlagreen papers around 40 minutes. Motocross is physically demanding because the racer is persuasive trying to manhandle a 300-pound vehicle while achieving incredibly fast speeds through. Auto racing , KTM , Motocross 477 Words | 2 Pages. Australian Retail Business of the year. 2. The key characteristics of Braaap is to meet to the motor enthuses with products based on . motocross equipment, riding wear and casual wear with the consistent updates on news from around the world with new designs and motocross equipment.
This is co term papers also allowing communication through the thesis public and the dealers of motocross dealers with schools based on how to learn how to ride with links to wlagreen, dealerships for test driving opportunities. Braaap also promotes. Boutique , Manufacturing , Motocross 721 Words | 2 Pages. ?Stuart L. Thomsen (b. May 20, 1958 in a small thing topics, Whittier, California) was an American bicycle motocross (BMX) racer. Stu Thomsen was one of the . first of the Old School of wlagreen papers, professional BMX racers who gained fame in the early days of the sport beginning in 1974. His prime competitive years were from 1976-1985.
Sometimes called the Babe Ruth of BMX for ozline.com persuasive builder his prolific success and co term papers, domination of BMX racing during the sport's early days from the mid-1970s into the mid-1980s, Thomsen's considerable career. American Bicycle Association , Babe Ruth , Bicycle motocross 753 Words | 3 Pages. up to ozline.com persuasive builder, six days straight. Papers. The Enduro bikes are made for cross country racing and persuasuve essay, motocross bikes are made specially designed for racing in an . enclosed dirt course that can consist of a variety of terrains; uphill, downhill, corners, jumps, and so on. Co Term. Dirt Bikes currently produces for models: the Enduro 250, Enduro 550, Moto 300, and the Moto 450. Creativity Creativity Research. The two Enduros are endurance racers, while the Motos are for motocross racing. All four are very modern, with such technology as kick and wlagreen, electric starters. Customer service , Disc brake , Microsoft 2920 Words | 10 Pages. Power Let's face it, in the eyes of the modern day motocross racer, 2 strokes are a thing of the thesis past. But don’t let anyone fool you . into thinking that a camshaft equipped bike is superior to co term, the modern day 2 stroke though. The 4 stroke equipped dirt bikes have the upper hand thanks to race rules regarding engine displacement.
To help make them competitive they literally doubled the displacement for what is allowed for a 2 stroke. As the 4 stroke evolved and progressed over a few short. Camshaft , Engine technology , Four-stroke engine 447 Words | 2 Pages. Write an opinion essay. Extremely Dangerous Extreme Sports: Extreme sports are high-intensity activities that involve both speed and stunts.
For kids, . these activities include snowboarding, snowmobiling, skateboarding, BMX biking, skiing, and motocross . These sports pack big thrills. But they have also caused more than 4 million injuries since 2000. Many of these are simple fractures and on art and literature, cuts, but more serious injuries are disturbingly common. Two winters ago, snowmobiler Caleb Moore was killed. Bicycle motocross , Extreme sport , Injury 662 Words | 5 Pages. braaap university. Braaap university is committed to wlagreen co term papers, educating and training dirtbike owners about their motocross bikes and well as educating . people that are thinking of essay, buying a dirtbike so that they can learn to co term, ride their dirtbikes in the safest, fastest and topics, most professional manner possible as well as understanding the critical factors you must know about what makes a truly well built mini motocross bike before you buy one. In the braaap university you can join and get access to co term papers, the incredible range.
Brand management , Marketing , Marketing mix 2980 Words | 10 Pages. these dangers put them at risk of being hurt.” This was a quote from Meg Cabot in 2002. This quote fits well with motocross . . Motocross is a way of life for most people that partake in it. The thrill of racing someone so close that you could tap them on their opposite shoulder, 20 feet in the air, is persuasuve essay what we, the motocross racers, live for. For those uninformed of what motocross is, Motocross is competition dirt bike racing which takes place on either large outdoor tracks, or indoor tracks during cold. Bicycle , Competition , Imperial units 653 Words | 2 Pages. My Experience with Dirt Bike Riding. Dirt Bikes Vroooommm. Let's get ready to ride! Well, here we go! Dirt bike riding can be fun and exciting.
There are many different types of . dirt biking on and off the road. Some of the different organized sports are Motocross , Supercross, Trials, and Enduro. Dirt bikes are built differently then regular motorcycles. Dirt bikes are built to handle rough treatment like riding up steep hills and co term, through mud. Now let's take a ride and learn about the history of a small good essay, dirt bike riding. . Bicycle , Motocross , United States 496 Words | 2 Pages. dangers put them at risk of being hurt.” This was a quote from Meg Cabot in papers, 2002. This quote fits well with motocross . Motocross . is a way of life for most people that partake in it.
The thrill of essay, racing someone so close that you could tap them on wlagreen, their opposite shoulder, 20 feet in the air, is what we, the motocross racers, live for. For those uninformed of what motocross is, I will explain. Motocross is persuasive builder competition dirt bike racing which takes place on wlagreen, either large outdoor tracks, or indoor tracks during. Competition , Motocross , Race 938 Words | 2 Pages. Product and creativity creativity genius publication research, Services • Dirt Bike company produces an off road racing type Motorcycle, The four models they produce are : the Enduro 250, the Enduro 550, the . Moto 300 and the Moto 450. The two Enduros are endurance racers, while the wlagreen co term Motos are for motocross racing. Persuasuve Essay. All four are very modern, with such technology as both kick and electric starters, steering stabilizers, and wlagreen, liquid cooling. • Dirt Bike company sells their product using network of persuasive thesis builder, authorize dealer with branches that concentrated in the. Asset , Balance sheet , Current asset 591 Words | 16 Pages. Cole Barton Hour 5 ” Motocross : A Sport like No Other” Everybody that is in a sport says there's is the best . Wlagreen Co Term. And, some people think that . Essay. motocross is wlagreen papers only twisting the throttle and riding a bike- but try roaring off of a starting gate with 20- 40 of the creativity genius in papers publication research worlds best riders, around a tight corner and into 3 foot whoops, over 80 foot doubles, and around corners at 40 mph through any weather and terrain conditions.
Nate Adams once said “Once motocross gets in your blood, it stays with you forever. Competition , Flip , Freestyle Motocross 552 Words | 2 Pages. different size bikes, for co term papers short distances, long distances, and for up to six days. Good Essay. They offer four different models of wlagreen co term, bikes: the Enduro 250, the Enduro 550, . the essay Moto 300, and the Moto 450. Enduros are for endurance racers, while the co term papers Motos are for motocross racing. All four models are very modern, with technologies like, both of kick and electric starters, steering stabilizers, and liquid cooling. They also sell parts and provide repair services for customers. Dirt Bikes does not directly sell its. Better , Enduro , KTM 548 Words | 2 Pages.
Racing success KTM achieved its “racing success” firstly through sponsoring all major off road championships and secondly through that the creativity in papers research majority of the . participants were riding a KTM bike. KTM sponsored over 50 world championship titles in Motocross and Enduro (their two major products) and also had successes in Rally, Supermoto, and US Supercross. KTM was particularly well known for its performance in Paris, France – Dakar, Senegal race (12,000km race through the mountains and deserts over. Brand , Ducati , Honda 3661 Words | 11 Pages. bikes varying in engine size, two for co term trail riding and two for racing. The names of these different types are Enduro 250, the Enduro 550, the ozline.com persuasive thesis Moto 300 and . the Moto 450. Co Term Papers. The tail riding types are more popular, and the company is expanding into the motocross market. They offer a service department that deals with service warranties and persuasuve essay, customer problems with parts of the dirt bikes. The company has a network of 40 distributors that they use.
They are based mainly out of the Western and Midwestern parts. Customer service , Microsoft , Microsoft Office 1873 Words | 12 Pages. in the US. Dirt Bikes USA currently has 4 types of co term papers, dirt bikes including: the my friends Enduro 250, the Enduro 550, the Moto 300 and the Moto 450. Dirt Bikes USA . appeals to mainly Enduro rides and serious trailer riders, however they are expanding into the motocross market.
Dirt Bikes USA also has a service department to co term papers, deal with service warranties and customer problems with parts. Dirt Bikes USA does not sell directly to customers but rather uses a network of 40 distributors, based mainly out of the Western. Costs , Microsoft , Microsoft Office 1992 Words | 8 Pages. way from the bottom to the top of the in papers publication research rev counter and its eagerness, all have been highly praised in the old Karizma, with the new fuel injected version, . Hero Honda have turned up the co term papers level of refinement. The engine has its origins in english net, the CRF230 motocross bikes but comes in papers, a more detuned fashion for Indian riding conditions, also the unit has proved its worthiness on the track and on the roads so far by essay, being outstandingly reliable and cheap to maintain. One of the papers key features is that it is an undersquare. Bajaj Auto , Hero Honda , Honda 7047 Words | 31 Pages. only 3, he started riding on good, dirt bikes. Through 16 years, Jeremy’s talent and wlagreen, skill lead him to becoming pro at age 19.
He was successfully the youngest pro . FMX rider in the United States. Essays And Literature Goethe. He won his first X Games gold medal in wlagreen co term, the freestyle motocross competition last summer at the Home Depot Center, and essay, won a silver medal in the FMX best-trick contest. Also in papers, 2008, Lusk won two gold medals in a small good essay, an X Games Mexico competition; he finished third in the Dew Tour series standings, and he was never. Bronze medal , Freestyle Motocross , Gold 695 Words | 2 Pages. McGrath began racing motocross at the age of 15 after a successful career in BMX. Wlagreen Co Term Papers. He placed 8th in the 125cc West Region Supercross season of . 1989. In 1990 he won his first supercross race and essay, placed 2nd in that season. McGrath won the 125 West Supercross title in 1991 and 1992. Jeremy won a record of seventy-two 250cc Main Events and captured seven 250cc supercross championships between 1993 to 2000, a time now known as the papers McGrath Era.. He also won the 1995 250 Outdoor Motocross Championship and.
2009 AMA Supercross season , KTM , Monster Energy 567 Words | 2 Pages. sort of genius in papers publication research, adrenaline junkie's own Fantasy Island. In this case however, the island is real and it is called Glamis, located in papers, Imperial County, California. . Glamis is the resume net stomping ground to many of the wlagreen papers top motocross riders in the United States. A Small Good Thing Essay Topics. Pioneers of what we know as freestyle motocross have been expressing themselves in Glamis for wlagreen years. Resume Net. Names like Mike Metzger, Seth Enslow, Tommy Tom Cat Clowers, Nate Adams, Brain Deegan and the Metal Militia. All these wild men of motorcycle mayhem come. Crusty Demons , Freestyle Motocross , Jump 555 Words | 2 Pages. Theme: Motocross Topic: The development of motocross Good morning class.
The theme of my IA is motocross but . today I will speak specifically on co term papers, the topic “The development of motocross as an established sport”. What is motocross . Motocross is defined as a timed motorcycle race over about my friends a closed outdoor course consisting of a winding dirt trail with hills, jumps, sharp turns, and often muddy terrain. This sport originated in Britain as an off-road event called scrambling. Wlagreen Co Term. The first known scramble. Chainsaw , Diesel engine , Four-stroke engine 817 Words | 3 Pages. ?William Grimes Professor Farrugia English 1020 April 8, 2014 Transworld Motocross Ever since I was three years old I have been on a . four-wheeler, at that time I was riding around with my dad but ever since I can remember I’ve been addicted. Riding four wheelers has always been my go to thing weather it was just around the house, out essay, with friends or family on papers, a trail ride or out at the motocross track racing or practicing. When I was four I got my first four-wheeler and a small, I was hooked, I would. All-terrain vehicle , American films , Bicycle racing 1414 Words | 5 Pages. Bicycle History When kids wanting to mimic dirt motorcycle racers decided to create their own dirt tracks for wlagreen papers their bicycles. Even the name Bmx itself was . originated from its motorcycle predecessors, B standing for bicycle and MX standing for resume net motocross . I myself recently spoke with a Bmx pioneer.
Back a few weeks ago I was having lunch in a parking lot down the street from the Three Rivers campus. Once I had finished eating I decided to get out co term papers, my bike and ride for a little while, as I had. Bicycle , Bicycle motocross , BMX bike 3197 Words | 8 Pages. to jump. When the 30 second sign turns and we are getting ready to resume net, start, it is just like tunnel vision for co term me. Genius. The best way to look at . motocross is just to co term papers, think it is ozline.com thesis a person and a bike. In order to be a successful racer, the wlagreen rider is going to have practice every day, try not to genius, crash, and make sure the wlagreen co term papers bike is set up the right way. People say that motocross is not that hard, but it is actually one of the most labor intensive sport in the world. People have intense schedules for practice so they. 2006 singles , English-language films , Race 511 Words | 2 Pages. their need for a rush, or just a quick shot of on art and literature goethe, adrenaline.
This is wlagreen co term papers Motocross . Essay. The sport of Motocross is co term papers mostly looked upon as a . death wish although it is very dangerous I think that the excitement and thrill is definitely worth the risk. It all started for me when I was five, my dad told me when I could ride my bike without training wheels he would get me a dirt bike. Soon enough I was waking up on Christmas morning to a motocross bike. After that it was like throwing a match into a bucket of topics, gasoline. 2009 albums , English-language films , Jump 797 Words | 2 Pages. ? Motocross vs Supercross The topic I choose was supercross and motocross , I choose these because I love them both. Co Term. I . used to race myself and, I go to resume net, supercross every year down in Seattle. I know the rules pretty well and love learning about them more and more. First off ill start with how many riders there are in both.
Motocross has 25 riders super cross has 20 bigger track means they can have more riders on the track at papers once. Essay. Next is the type of racing you will see when you watch. Bicycle racing , Environment , I Choose 391 Words | 2 Pages. Pakistan By: John Mayer, Austin Snyder Flag Map of Pakistan Population • 176,745,364 Geography • Pakistan is a profound blend of . landscapes varying from plains to deserts, forests, hills, and plateaus ranging from the coastal areas of the papers Arabian Sea in the south to the mountains of the Karakam range in the north. Pakistan geologically overlaps both with the Indian and the Eurasian tectonic plates where its Sindh and Punjabprovinces lie on the north-western corner of the . Ayub Khan , Benazir Bhutto , Defence Minister of Pakistan 995 Words | 8 Pages. Braaap * executive summary * introduction The Braaap motocross brand has been established by english resume, Breadly Smith. In 2008 Smith launched the . first braaap store, a retail outlet intended to be “the motocross equivalent of a surf shop ”. Braaap has since expanded to four retail outlets across Tasmania and Victoria, with a franchise model to enable further expansion throughout Australia, and wlagreen, the rest of the world. In 2010 braaap signed a deal with NASCAR driver Marcos Ambrose to essays goethe, launch into co term, the.
Boutique , Online shopping , Product 682 Words | 3 Pages. in front of its target audience. Advertising. Red Bull has a diverse international marketing campaign. In Papers Publication Research. The numerous activities range from wlagreen co term extreme . sports like mountain biking, BMX, motocross , windsurfing, snowboarding, skateboarding, kayaking, wakeboarding, cliff diving, surfing, skating, freestyle motocross , rally, Formula 1 racing, and breakdancing to art shows, music, and video games. In keeping with their target market of thesis builder, young males, Red Bull has also enlisted help from celebrities, such. Caffeine , Dietrich Mateschitz , Energy drink 1746 Words | 5 Pages.
customers to grab a can of Monster Energy and unleash the energy within to live life to the fullest. Monster Energy sponsors extreme sporting events like . Wlagreen Co Term Papers. Motocross . Good Thing Essay Topics. “ Motocross has been a key component of our marketing mix from the inception of the Monster brand,” said Monster Energy President Mr. Mark Hall. “We believe our ongoing support of Motocross has been good for the sport and, in return, the fans of the sport have been loyal to us…” (Rizzi, 2010) Marketing Mix 1. Product The world is moving. Alcoholic beverage , Caffeine , Coffee 1201 Words | 4 Pages. Positioning Strategy of Monster Energy. distributing pamphlets of their product by wlagreen co term, attractive young distributors in huge trucks playing music which are their strong promoting strategies.
Ricky . Carmichael, a motocross legend also endorses monster energy. One of the major target markets for Monster Beverages Co. (Murr, 2006) is motocross ; they have used 40 foot posters for motocross fans. There are other means of advertising effectively including enthusiastic, adrenaline rushed TV advertisement. There are some benefits of targeting specific group. Energy drink , Energy drinks , Hansen Natural 1291 Words | 4 Pages. Edwards 1 Amber Edwards English 111 2-3-13 Essay#1 My Father” Dedication, sweat, and english net, a will to be on top is what runs through every athletes veins. . Motocross isn’t like basketball or any other sports in school where it is consisted of refs at every point of perspective eye-balling every move you make. Wlagreen Co Term Papers. It is a moto dog fight from the second the gate drops.
Every successful athlete has not become what they are by themselves. Creativity Genius In Papers Publication Selected. Behind the scenes there are vast amounts of support. The man that. Christmas , Christmas tree , Father 1394 Words | 3 Pages. Before I rode motocross , I thought you just get on the bike and wlagreen, twist the throttle. One year ago, I got my first dirt bike for my birthday. In . the beginning, I just rode on ozline.com persuasive builder, simple trails down the street at my friend CJ’s house. My friend Brett invited me to go to a motocross track one day and I decided to try it out. Wlagreen. I didn’t think anything of it, until after one lap I had to pull off the track because I was exhausted. English Resume Net. That’s when I realized how hard motocross really is.
A motocross rider has to. Hardness , Imperial units 517 Words | 2 Pages. people turned to papers, alternate forms of transportation. One of the most popular forms of transportation is motorcycles. These vehicles can save a lot of money . at the pump. Sports involving motorcycles are also becoming more and good essay, more popular everyday. Wlagreen. Motocross is the second most popular motorsport in my friends essay, America behind NASCAR. Wlagreen Co Term Papers. This growth of the motorcycle industry got me curious about these amazing machines and how they work. The first motorcycles were made in America. In 1867, American, Sylvester Howard.
Connecting rod , Cylinder , Engine technology 1029 Words | 3 Pages. Monster Energy Drink Target Audience and Company Objectives. Strong promotion strategies including product hand-outs by builder, young attractive vendors in powerful trucks blasting music are common ways The Company promotes in . cities. The Company also uses Ricky Carmichael, a motocross legend, to endorse their products. 40 foot posters are used to target motocross fans which are a major target market for Monster Beverages Co. (Murr, 2006). Other effective advertisements include using high contrast, recognizable posters in wlagreen, retail stores and essay, high energy, adrenaline rushed. Drink , Energy drink , Energy drinks 1179 Words | 3 Pages. energy-drink that supports the “cool” aspects of what it is trying to sell and they are known for sponsoring events for different outdoors sports and co term papers, even . extreme sports. Celebrity endorsements include famous athletes such as skaters, snowboarders, motocross , and surfers, which all explain Monster’s target audience. Monster reaches out to men and women ages 18-34 specifically, who they also consider to be their largest “fanbase”. A Small Good Topics. The company focuses on their athletic reputation because their fans.
Advertising , Brand , Energy drink 949 Words | 3 Pages. cliff and when the man looks down it goes miles and miles down of nothing and then he just dives off while doing tricks in the air for cliff diving. After . that it goes to wlagreen papers, a X games scene where there is a huge crowed on creativity creativity genius in papers research, there feet and then a pro wlagreen, motocross athlete does flips up in the air and lands them perfectly. Persuasive Builder. It has the pro soccer Red Bull team, teams brake dancing, red bull airplanes flying in the air. Then goes to a clip of, Blake Griffin throwing it down playing basketball in wlagreen co term papers, California. A Small Good Essay. It. 2009 NBA Draft , Advertising , Energy drink 1175 Words | 3 Pages. Market Segmentation - Power Bike in Thailand.
(McColl-Kennedy Kiel, 2000). In this psychographics segmentation, teenager from high class family for papers example, the teenager will spend more money to . purchase something. When they buy a bike, they will choose bike with specific function such as, bicycle motocross (BMX) this bike can do dirt jumps, mountain bike, or a bike with high speed. Behavioral segmentation is one of the most powerful more then the other of segmentation. Behavioral segmentation is base on a small topics, people attitudes and wlagreen co term, behavior. For example. Bicycle , Market segmentation , Marketing 2024 Words | 7 Pages. REFLECTION PAPER about Kadayawan 2013.
celebrated to thank our creator for the good harvest and blessing. There are lots of events, tourist from around the globe, TV Icons visiting and a small good topics, having Mall . Shows, Sale and many marked down prices on almost all items in the Malls, Sporting events namely Motocross , Fun runs, marathons and many more. There is also street dance and float parade where each participants showcase the culture and creativity of Dabawenyos and many spectators enjoy the colourful costumes and designs. Co Term. I spent the Kadayawan Festival. Classmates , Gratitude , National Mall 551 Words | 2 Pages. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ . _____________________________________________________________________ 7. The name Motocross is derived from a portmanteau of the words “Motorcycle” and my friends essay, “Cross Country.” ____. Alfred P. Wlagreen. Murrah Federal Building , Intransitive verb , Oklahoma City bombing 575 Words | 3 Pages. quickly with what is happening in the environment around them. They have an array of persuasuve essay, outlets in wlagreen co term, which young individuals can immerse themselves in, whether it . is persuasuve essay through art, music, film, or board sports like snowboarding, surfing, skating and even motocross . Papers. Through the many events that Volcom Entertainment provides it supports athletes through competitions and a small good thing essay, contest, or musicians through their record label, or artists with their collaborations.
One of their new contests is the 2012 Volcom Fiji. Boardsport , Brand , Graphic design 2449 Words | 7 Pages. audience, Monster has to think of papers, ways to be able to creativity genius in papers research, reach their audience where they are going to have their attention focused at. Co Term. The way Monster is able . to in papers publication, reach their target audience is by first sponsoring athletes in extreme sports such as motocross , snowboarding, car racing, water extreme sports, etc…The target audience for these extreme sports are young men. When these young men go to these events or see these events on television, internet, mobile device, or their tablets they see the Monster. Advertising , Blog , Energy drinks 438 Words | 2 Pages. should spend their money on, therefore we take each other into papers, consideration. Motocross is an activity we both participate in. Whether we are . Ozline.com Thesis Builder. racing, watching it on co term papers, TV, or talking about it among friends, we are able to relate to each other, think about each other when we’re not present, and continue to be a part of that experience.
The affect present in this dyad is creativity genius publication selected positive, and loving. We share a common love for wlagreen co term papers motocross bringing us very close, and the goal we have to purchase a house together someday. Developmental psychology , Dyad , Dyadic 887 Words | 2 Pages. alternative sports fans. They developed from early on a strong and recognizable identity. Vans catered to topics, skateboarders and “extreme” sports adepts and fans . from the start (Surfing, Skateboarding, BMX, Wakeboarding, Snowboarding, Waterboarding, Motocross ). Their core business has always been focusing on the skateboarding market and they developed a strong culture around this sport. Their customers and the general public would identify the brand with certain sports.
This is a big advantage over the. Customer , Marketing , Shoe 755 Words | 3 Pages. England The aluminium Bickerton portable small-wheeler is papers developed. Followed by the successful Brompton in 1976 and Dahon in 1980. Bmx (Bicycle . Motocross ) 1970 USA The movie On Any Sunday by Bruce Brown debuts. Although it is a motorcycle documentary, a brief scene during the beginning of the movie shows kids on Sting-Ray bikes emulating motocross . This small spark eventually evolves into full-fledged, organized BMX racing by 1974. Mass-Produced Titanium Frame/Fork 1974 USA Teledyne markets.
Bicycle , Bicycle chain , Bicycle parts 1685 Words | 7 Pages. A Visual of Supercross Championships. excellent ways to communicate information (Berger, 2008). About Essay. Especially to papers, someone who does not have a background in the information being presented. I have a . very strong background in the off-road motorcycle world, to include not only Supercross, but Motocross ; Grand Prix’s and Desert off-road racing as well. For someone who has never seen or participated in one of these events, they surely would not understand the my friends history or even the hard work put in by both the riders and wlagreen papers, the factory teams that they. Champion , Championship , Chart 805 Words | 3 Pages. in terms of their use of traditional media (TV, radio, magazine, outdoor)? List the different media and examples of specific media vehicles. They mainly . rely on magazine promotion. Essays On Art And Literature. They put their ads in all of the true skate, surf, snow, and motocross magazines that are available.
Then after magazines are events, for example: skateboard competitions, surfing competitions, etc. Next in the line of media is television and radio. 7. What is their strategy in papers, terms of the my friends role of the internet. Mainstream , Marketing , Mass media 897 Words | 4 Pages. humps all different sizes some being small and some being big! BMX first started in the early 1970s when kids began racing their bikes on wlagreen co term, dirt tracks, in . Southern California drawing inspiration from the motocross superstars of their time. There was no stopping it a new sport was made, bicycle motocross was the my friends essay name it was given but it was quickly shortened to BMX.
It was that good that it grabbed the attention of more than a thousand people in co term, one short summer. BMX has many high points and on net, of the. 2008 Summer Olympics , Athens , International Olympic Committee 521 Words | 2 Pages.
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The Art of the wlagreen co term papers Developer Resume - Improving the Programmer Resume. Programmer resumes may seem like something of a mundane topic, but after spending the last few weeks wading through resumes from software developers, it is clear to me that most developers need help with their resumes. This impression is backed up by many past resume reading experiences. Persuasive! While I have come across very few truly awful resumes, the majority of the software developer resumes I have read in the last week have been substandard. Only a few have been what I would call really well done. Does that mean that the majority of the developers represented by these resumes are themselves substandard? Maybe so, but I would like to think not. Wlagreen Co Term Papers! While I am certain that there is a wide range of skill levels within the ozline.com thesis pool of wlagreen papers available developers, that does not mean that those developers who are not in the top percentiles should be described as substandard. Not at all.
Maybe not all of good essay topics them are as sophisticated as I might be looking for, and maybe not all of them write the best looking code, but they will undoubtedly make some employer happy. My theory, instead, is that, because the majority of papers these developers do not understand the art of the resume (and more specifically, the english net art of the developer resume), their resumes may not do them justice. In the papers paragraphs that follow, my aim is to about, reveal that art to wlagreen co term, you, and to give you my perspective as someone who has often been in good topics the position of sifting through resumes and hiring developers. Before getting into specifics, I would like to co term papers, emphasize one thing: the goal of essay your resume is to land you an interview. Period. If your resume does not get you an co term papers interview for creativity research selected, a job, then it has failed. Keep this thought in wlagreen papers the front of resume your mind as you think about and work on papers, your resume. (Getting the interview is the first step in a four step process: getting the my friends interview, excelling in the interview, deciding whether you want the job, and closing the deal—but I’ll save those last three steps for co term papers, future essays.) Put yourself in the shoes of the a small good thing hiring manager, who is likely a senior developer (or formerly was one): she is sitting there at wlagreen co term, her desk, with a fairly good idea of my friends what sort of developer she needs to hire (or maybe not), and in front of her is a thick stack of resumes. In a slow job market like we are in at wlagreen co term papers, the time of this writing, it might be a huge stack of resumes. Persuasive Builder! I personally know of an wlagreen employer who received 240 resumes for a single job posting.
You can believe it is not a fun job having to creativity creativity genius, sift through those resumes, and this hiring manager knows it. In fact, they’ve been sitting on co term, her desk for almost a week, because she’s been dreading the task. This hiring manager is very busy, and only has time to perform a limited number of phone screenings and interviews, so it’s a given that only a small percentage of these resumes is english resume going to make it into wlagreen co term papers, the keepers pile. The ones that make the keepers pile get a phone call and an interview. The ones that don’t go in the trash. Given this scenario, it is english resume important to realize three things: First, this hiring manager desperately wants to find a sufficient number of stand-out resumes as soon as possible. Wlagreen! Second, the best candidates will not get the interviews—the best resumes will.
The ideal candidate’s resume may very well end up in the trash. Third, since the majority of the developers out there are not good at writing resumes, if you can make yours shine, it will almost always make it into the keepers pile (assuming you are a fit for the position). So how do you make sure your resume stands out? What follows are my guidelines for winning developer resumes. Disclaimers: Take what you like from my suggestions and leave what you don’t like. Many people have very specific ideas about how a resume should look and what it should contain, and about my friends essay, I certainly do not mean to suggest that a resume that does not follow my formula is automatically a bad resume. There is no one-size-fits-all formula. Wlagreen Co Term! Also, I’m not making any claims that any of these tips and tricks are my own unique creation.
My formula is culled from reading several books on job hunting and creativity genius in papers selected, resume writing, reading hundreds of resumes, frequent tweaking and updating of my own resume, and helping friends with their resumes over the years. In my opinion, the ideal resume length is co term two to three pages. If you have several years of experience, three pages is ideal. If you have less experience, then two pages is ideal. On the first page, you should have your identifying information at the top; an Objective section (if you decide to use one; see below); a Summary of Qualifications section (see below); followed by the beginning of your Professional Experience section. The first page should end with the english resume description of your most recent position. Papers! Then the next most recent position would appear at the top of the second page, and so on. If you’re having trouble filling out two pages, chances are you are not digging deep enough or going into enough detail in ozline.com thesis your Professional Experience section (see below). If your resume is longer than three pages, chances are you are either providing too much detail, you have extraneous sections, or you are not using creative layout techniques (such as two-column bulleted lists) to make it fit; gigantic amounts of wlagreen co term white space is a common flaw leading to overly long resumes.
Beware of making your resume go beyond three pages. Remember the harried hiring manager: you want to give enough information to make a strong statement and represent yourself properly, but you don’t want to give so much that you overwhelm or exhaust. In my most recent round of resume shifting, I received several seven and eight page resumes from one agency. Persuasuve! Seven and eight pages! I didn’t read past page three on a single one of them. If your resume goes beyond three pages, does that mean you are dead in the water? Not necessarily. I called a couple of those developers with the excessively long resumes. I am talking here about the ideal resume length. Maybe you have a couple decades of wlagreen papers experience, multiple certifications, a couple degrees, some honors and a small good thing, awards, and papers, magazine and ozline.com builder, book publication to your credit. If that is the case, more power to you: make your resume longer than three pages.
That said, I stick by wlagreen papers my assertion that three pages is good plenty for almost any developer’s resume. On 95% of the resumes that have an Objective section, the section adds no value whatsoever. I know that all the resume books, and your high school guidance counselor, told you to put this section at the top of your resume, but I personally do not use an co term Objective section on my resume. Here’s a typical objective: Seeking a rewarding, challenging position with growth potential in a dynamic company. Well of thesis builder course you are! Who isn’t? Why waste this precious space on something so bland, generic, and co term papers, unremarkable? Remember, you want your resume to stand out, to rise above the sea of substandard resumes.
On my resume, I want the first thing that hiring manager reads to make a strong statement about and literature goethe, me —to hook the reader, so to speak. The goal of my resume is to sell me, to land that interview. I only have a few moments of the reader’s attention. I start my resume off with the heading, Summary of Qualifications. (I’ll go into more detail on this section below.) Each of the bullet points at the beginning of this section makes a strong, specific statement about me, my experience, my skill level, the technologies in which I am proficient, etc. In this way, not only am I making a statement about what kind of candidate I am, my objective is implied: I’m looking for papers, a position that is persuasive builder going to match my skill level and experience, using the technologies in which I am an expert, and utilizing my leadership skills and experience. If you’ve got something within those parameters, let’s talk. Does that I mean I would never use an Objective section on my resume? Does that mean you should not have an Objective section on your resume?
Not necessarily. The Objective section can be useful if you really have some kind of specific situation that you are looking for. Wlagreen! Maybe you only persuasive want to work in co term a specific industry, or on a particular kind of on art and literature goethe project, or only using bleeding edge technology. However, for my own resume, unless I really had a strong feeling about one of these criteria, I’d probably leave the Objective section off—especially in a slower job market, because I’d rather have the opportunity to turn a position down than never know it might have been offered to me because of my narrowly stated objective. As I mentioned above, I start my resume off with a section called Summary of papers Qualifications. The idea is to give a kind of executive summary, like you’d see in a business plan or marketing report. There are a few reasons for this: one, I’m always picturing the harried hiring manager and her huge stack of resumes.
I want to grab her attention as quickly as possible. Two, I know from my studies of marketing and journalism that many (if not most) people will never read past the about first few sentences or paragraphs of anything if they don’t have to. It’s a blow to my ego sometimes, but I know that most people who start reading this essay will never make it this far. The same goes for my resume—maybe even doubly so. For this large percentage of people, I need to get my point across quickly. So there’s reason number three: even for the people who do read the rest of the resume thoroughly, I want to sell them on the idea that I might be their ideal candidate right away, so that they spend the wlagreen papers rest of their time with my resume seeking support and justification for that conclusion.
In other words, I make bold claims in essays on art and literature goethe my Summary of wlagreen Qualifications section, and then I make sure the information in my Professional Experience section (see below) supports those claims. Like most of my resume, the format of the Summary of Qualifications section is bullet points. I like bullet points because they are easy to read, they don’t look daunting on the page like a thick paragraph does, and they appeal to people’s short attention spans. Resume! I start the section off with more general points, and papers, then get more specific. As I mentioned, I like to make bold statements that sell me to the reader. Here is the first bullet point on my resume:
Daniel Read is a well-rounded professional software developer with over persuasuve, eleven years experience developing and maintaining a wide variety of systems for large international corporations and wlagreen co term, small businesses. Daniel’s specialties are working with business experts, designing technical and non-technical solutions to meet the needs of the resume net business, crafting and wlagreen papers, implementing development processes, and leading teams to deliver software. He is also a skilled programmer. From there I start getting more specific. You should, of course, tailor the boldness of these kinds of statements to genius research selected, match your experience and qualifications. Co Term! Don’t make claims you can’t back up. Finally, don’t worry if some of these bullet points are sentence fragments; sentence fragments are permissible in bullet points and on resumes. I end the goethe Summary of Qualifications section with a two-column bulleted list of specific technologies, languages, and tools with which I am proficient. By this point, I have used up at least the first half of the co term papers first page. This is where most developers need the most help on their resumes. You can call this section whatever you like, but on my resume I call it, Professional Experience.
When I read through this section of a job candidate’s resume, I am looking for disqualifiers. In other words, I am looking for reasons not to about essay, put this resume in wlagreen the keepers pile. About My Friends Essay! Remember that as the hiring manager I have a huge stack of resumes, and if I don’t use some kind of wlagreen co term criteria to essay, trim them down, I’ll never get to go home. What has this developer really done? Does her experience back up her claims of what technologies and experience he says he has? Has he worked on similar projects to what I am looking for?
Has she stayed around at jobs long enough to see her code go into wlagreen co term, production and on art and literature, through subsequent releases? Does he jump around jobs too frequently? Was his participation in wlagreen papers these projects substantial or only peripheral? There are many questions such as these, and every hiring manager has different hot buttons. Knowing this, and knowing I cannot hope to thing essay topics, please everyone or be the ideal candidate for wlagreen co term papers, every job, my goal on my own resume is to simply be as specific as possible (within reason, of course) and back up the about essay claims I made in my Summary of Qualifications section. My goal is also to continue to sell. What I am selling are my abilities (which are proven by wlagreen the technologies I have worked on, the types of software I have built) and the positive effect I have had wherever I have been . This latter part is what too many developers miss. Putting it in marketing terms, it’s about selling the benefits. When advertisers promote a car or box of laundry detergent, they don’t just list the facts about the product—they present the on art product so that the consumer imagines the benefits of owning the co term product.
On your resume you don’t want to just say, I wrote code. You want to say, I wrote code, which had the lowest defect rate on the team, resulting in genius in papers publication a shortened testing cycle. Show the reader of your resume the benefits which past employers have enjoyed from your work, and a prospective employer will be able to imagine himself enjoying those benefits as well. Going back to formatting, what I do is make sure that the second half of the wlagreen co term first page of essays on art and literature goethe my resume contains the entirety of co term my most recent position. Then I continue with the rest of my positions on the second and third pages. I start each position description with the company name, location, and date ranges of english resume net employment. Underneath that, I list my job title, followed by a brief description of the type of co term papers company, the project(s) I worked on, and the role I played. Ozline.com Persuasive Thesis Builder! This description should not exceed two sentences. This is a big mistake that I see on co term, many resumes.
Too many people will spend a paragraph or two describing the project and the company, and then barely spend any time at all getting specific about what they did . These developers will go into detail about what type of company it was, what division they worked in, what the purpose of the software was, what technologies were used (whether or not they personally had anything to do with those technologies or not), how many team members there were, etc., etc. Is some of thesis builder this information relevant? Probably—but you have to keep this sort of thing to a bare minimum. Your resume’s job is to sell you , to land you an co term papers interview. When I encounter this technique on a resume, I am left to conclude that this developer didn’t really do all that much on essays on art and literature goethe, this project, and is therefore trying to make it look like he worked on a lot of stuff he really didn’t by describing a lot of wlagreen co term papers stuff he was simply associated with . You can get away with this to a point, depending on the shrewdness of the resume reader, but only if you also follow it up with good specifics about what you did. Another thought regarding this problem: I see this technique often on the resumes of people from other countries besides the United States. I don’t have any facts to prove this, but my sense is that perhaps in some cultures it is considered unseemly to draw too much attention to oneself; in other words, you worked as part of a team, and it would be disrespectful to the team to shine a spotlight on yourself apart from the team. If this is my friends indeed a cultural difference between the US and other countries, then I absolutely respect that. Wlagreen Co Term! If you live and essay, work in a country besides the US, then maybe none of this resume advice of mine applies. Papers! I can’t say, because my view is totally provincial to the US job market.
That said, if you are from another country or culture, and are seeking a job in the US, then you cannot afford on your resume to good thing, be shy. I am not saying you should be boastful, but neither can you afford to be modest. So after this two-to-three sentences of summary, I launch into papers, bullet points. These bullet points are intended to essay, describe what specific things I did for wlagreen, the company and for the project, what technologies I worked with, and good essay, whenever possible, the co term papers benefits that my efforts had for the team and for the company. Here are a few random examples from my resume: Designed a large web-based e-commerce application from scratch, including requirements, database design, object/component design, security design, design of logical and physical tiers, and user interface design. Wrote a 100+ page design document for the entire system. Co-wrote a reusable application framework for state machine/unattended execution type applications.
This framework cuts two weeks from the construction of these types of applications, which were common for essay, this development shop. Also wrote additional applications using the framework. Designed and wrote, from scratch, a large client/server system with a traditional Visual Basic front end. This system was very successful for the company’s largest client, and consists of thousands of lines of code in over 50 files, plus dozens of co term papers stored procedures and triggers. It was written in a combination of Visual Basic for the logical front and middle tiers, and T-SQL for the data tier.
Wrote, edited, and directed a complete rewrite of all program documentation, converting them from bound books and printed release notes to an electronic hypertext publishing system, resulting in my friends essay four book-length on-line manuals and co term papers, a $15-per-unit reduction in deliverables costs. Here are some tips for writing bullet points for your Professional Experience section: Start each bullet with a strong action verb: wrote, designed, researched, compiled, supported, built, led, coordinated, initiated, conceived, etc. Try to avoid using the my friends same verbs over and over. Imagine the word I in front of each bullet: I conceived , I wrote , I built , etc.—only leave out the co term papers actual word I when you write it. Use the active voice. English Net! You do not want to sound wishy-washy or passive.
Here is passive voice: The system was written in C. Wlagreen! And here is english active voice: I wrote the system in C. Your resume is selling you , and the passive voice takes you out wlagreen, of the picture. Persuasive Thesis! Be specific about what you did, and co term, be specific about the technologies you used. Don’t try to be clever by mentioning a lot of technologies that other people worked on, because you will get busted in on art and literature the interview. Co Term! Be specific about the types of projects you worked on, what parts of them you worked on, and what phase(s) you were involved in. Essay! Did you work on GUI elements, the middle tier(s), or the database? Did you participate or lead requirements and/or design, or were you involved mainly in the construction? Did you spec out the hardware? Did you assist or lead the deployment of your software, and see it through into the maintenance phase? Sell success. Don’t be shy about pointing out the wlagreen benefits that the team and company accrued from your efforts.
Did your project have a successful rollout with a very low bug count? Did the software you worked on make a lot of my friends essay money for the company? Did the improvements you made to wlagreen co term papers, the software result in reductions to the help desk staff? Sell that stuff. When selling the benefits of your work, use numbers where possible. Managers, especially, love numbers.
Can you quote a certain percentage of about my friends essay performance gain or reduction in memory usage from your efforts? Can you point to an increase in sales after you added new features to the software? Use relevant buzzwords, but don’t go overboard—and don’t use buzzwords you are not confident you can define and discuss. Don’t leave out non-coding tasks like documentation, training, support, mentoring, etc. These things demonstrate that you are a well rounded individual.
When reading developer resumes, I am always looking for this. As you go from position to co term papers, position on your resume, if you are having trouble keeping within the two or three page limit, you may need to thing essay, start progressively shortening the section for co term papers, each position, even getting really old positions down to one bullet point. On Art And Literature Goethe! How much detail do you really need to go into describing your work with technology that has been virtually obsolete for co term, ten years? Finally, if you have part of your work experience in non-computer-related fields, and do not feel that it is relevant, then just list that period of about my friends time as Non IT-Related Employment and put the date range. This is how I sum up my three years of retail management experience immediately after college. The harried hiring manager does not care that right out of college I spent a year and a half at wlagreen co term papers, a department store building shelf displays in net the middle of the night. So far, I have only described two primary sections, Summary of Qualifications and Professional Experience (plus the optional Objective section). In fact, these two primary sections are the only sections on my resume.
What about co term, some other traditional resume sections? I am not necessarily opposed to other sections, but these two sections serve me well all by themselves, and I suspect they will serve most developer’s resumes equally well. Some other sections you might be wondering about: Education I do not use this section on my resume because I put my single relevant educational fact in my Summary of Qualifications section. I have a Bachelor of Arts degree in Creative Writing, and have never felt that this one modest fact is enough to good thing topics, warrant a whole section on my resume. Even if I had one or two more degrees, I still don’t think I would create a separate Education section on my resume. The main reason for co term papers, this is that education is one of those touchy subjects that people are sensitive to. Many people are insecure about on art and literature, their education level, and this seems to papers, be equally true of people who never went to college as it is good thing topics of people who have a two Bachelors degrees, a Ph.D., and an MBA.
The other reason is that I don’t view education level as a reliable barometer for a developer’s qualifications. I don’t even view a computer science degree as a reliable barometer for a developer’s qualifications. Does this mean you should not put a separate Education section on your resume, or that I would hold it against a resume that did? Absolutely not. I just don’t like to waste the wlagreen papers space on on art goethe, my own resume.
Training and Certification This is another gray area. Wlagreen! Some people might lump training and certification into creativity creativity genius in papers publication selected, the Education section, and co term, others like to essay, break it out into its own section. Co Term! I don’t do either. If I had taken some training that I felt was relevant, than I would put it in my Summary of Qualifications section. I do the same with certifications. If you’ve taken a large amount of training, have a lot of certifications, or are particularly proud of your efforts in these areas, then by all means, add a section for it. That said, be aware that there are many people who have very strong negative feelings, even contempt, for persuasive thesis, certifications. These people are usually fairly irrational about it, in my experience, and I would not advocate hiding your hard-earned certifications from these narrow minded people. But that fact might make you reconsider how much attention to wlagreen co term papers, draw to your certification(s), and publication, also whether or not you would want to embed certification logos in your resume. Other Interests I strongly recommend against papers, this kind of section, where well meaning people like to good thing essay, list things like hobbies and outside interests. Wlagreen! Some people like to also create Professional Affiliation sections in creativity selected which to list memberships in clubs and associations.
The reason I recommend against these kind of sections is wlagreen co term papers that I believe in good essay keeping anything potentially controversial in the background, or preferably off the resume altogether. Remember that harried hiring managers are looking for wlagreen, disqualifiers on your resume—don’t hand them over on a silver platter. Regardless of whether you add these, or other sections, to your resume, I strongly recommend putting them at essay, the end of wlagreen your resume, after the Professional Experience section. I won’t be going into a lot of detail regarding resume layout, but I would like to say that layout is extremely important. Issues such as font choice, margins, white space, and using small blocks of text that are inviting to the reader are crucial in the construction of your resume. I wish I had time to in papers publication research selected, tell you about some of the horrid looking resumes I’ve been reading these past few weeks. If desktop publishing, layout, and word processor magic are not your strengths, then by all means get the help of a friend who is good in these areas. There are also many good resume books that contain layout tips and templates. The bottom line is this: your resume represents you. When I see a developer’s resume that is sloppy and unbalanced, then I have to assume that his code will look that way too.
This is a huge pet peeve of mine. Contracting and placement agencies have this nice habit of taking the perfect resume that you spent hours on wlagreen co term, and totally making a mess of it. On Art Goethe! It’s really shameful. I understand that agencies want to cover up the personal contact info at the top of your resume and that they want to put their logo at wlagreen co term, the top. I have no problem with that, which is why I leave room at the top of my resume for them to do this. But too often (most of the time, really) the agency people who are changing these resumes a) don’t have a clue what they are doing, and b) don’t give a damn about how good the layout on your resume looks.
Worse yet, many agencies require that all resumes be in the same format, so they retype them into some proprietary software, which usually pumps out something that looks like crap, or that comes out seven or eight pages long. I have a policy: before I will let any agency submit my resume for a position, I require final approval on creativity genius in papers publication research, the resume they are going to submit. I play hardball on this one. If an agency won’t work with me on this, then they don’t get to papers, represent me. If they need a copy of essays goethe my resume without my personal info and wlagreen co term, with their logo added, then they can send me the logo graphic, and ozline.com, I’ll be happy to make them one. I have been burned too many times on co term, this: I show up for the interview, get a look at the mess of a resume the creativity genius in papers agency sent over, and wlagreen co term, I end up apologizing for the way it looks. Essays On Art Goethe! Maybe I’m being silly, but the way I look at it is that until a potential employer meets me and gets to know me and my work, the resume is me and wlagreen co term papers, my work.
An often overlooked tidbit: when you have a multi-page resume, make sure you put a footer on all of the resume pages after the first one. In the footer, put the page number, your name, and your phone number and/or e-mail address. The reason for this is wlagreen co term that pages get lost and separated and mixed up. Beware of a small good thing essay topics agency mutilation of your footers (see above). Quickly, here are some things to avoid on your resume: Don’t stretch or otherwise misrepresent the co term truth. On Art! Don’t oversell. Don’t be trivial. By this I mean, don’t include your typing speed and filing skills on your resume, and don’t list every silly third party library or component that you’ve ever worked with.
Trivialities expose or suggest lack of papers experience. Don’t be negative. This tip applies to the whole job seeking process. Don’t put anything negative (such as how you left your last job because your boss didn’t respect you) on your resume. At all costs, avoid misspellings, poor grammar, and builder, technical mistakes on your resume. Have at least two other people read your resume before you send it out to anyone. No disrespect intended to my beloved international readers, but if English is not your first language and you are applying for a job in co term the US, I strongly recommend getting a native English speaker with good writing skills to proofread your resume. To wrap this up, let me say that I realize that all of this may seem overwhelming and intimidating if you do not have a great deal of experience or if you are not overflowing with self confidence.
If you are lacking experience, do not let that discourage you. Everyone starts out with a lack of experience. Put extra effort into your resume and thesis builder, demonstrate that you are a person who cares about quality, is wlagreen papers willing to put in extra effort, has a good attitude, and has a strong interest in research selected software development as a craft and discipline. If you are lacking experience and are not doing a lot of reading and a lot of papers self practice, then you are not helping yourself. Persuasuve! You of papers course need to be reading technical materials about your chosen tools, but you also need to be doing a lot of non-technology-specific general software development reading. There are plenty of companies and essays goethe, teams looking to hire less experienced people who have the right attitude, who show a lot of initiative, and who demonstrate dedication to quality. I myself have hired less experienced developers many times. Wlagreen! Find creative ways to make your resume demonstrate these things about you, and someone will give you a shot at an interview. As for lack of self confidence, the thing essay topics best method I know for wlagreen, overcoming that is to fake it. The first place to start faking it is in a small good essay your resume.
Your resume cannot reveal a lack of confidence. Wlagreen Papers! If you are unsure about your resume, get a friend, colleague, or mentor that you trust to help you with it. A strong resume that you are proud of is a great way to make sure that you can walk into ozline.com, an interview feeling confident. Remember where this essay started: most of the resumes you are competing with are crap, and now you know some techniques for making sure yours will stand out. If you feel like you need more, there is no shortage of resume advice out there. Note: the wlagreen author made minor changes and updates to a small topics, this article on July 20, 2005. No list sharing of any kind. No special offers from partners. No webinars.
No Special Reports. by Robert L. Glass. All content copyright 2000-2006 by co term the individual specified authors (and where not specified, copyright by Read Media, LLC). Reprint or redistribute only essays goethe with written permission from the author and/or developer.*.
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AMCAS Research Personal Statement. For those applying to MD/PhD programs, you will have to complement your MD personal statement with a MD/PhD statement and a research statement. The research statement has a 10,000 character limit and serves to strengthen your argument why you want to do research and why you would be a good researcher. As an example, here is my research personal statement: I initially became interested in research as an alternative to becoming a pharmacist because I wanted to actively search for new information rather than simply apply what is known. My experience volunteering at the University of papers, Minnesota Medical Center (UMMC) helped me gain an interest in about my friends essay, contributing to health care, which led me to wanting to co term papers, do research that would have an impact on human wellness and understanding of the human body. And Literature Goethe? As a freshman in college, I had wanted to work on synthetically designing novel drugs so that I could use chemistry to help improve human health. Although I was planning to do strictly chemistry research, a guest speaker for my genetics freshman seminar said he had availability for undergraduates in his lab so I jumped on the opportunity. This was an important decision that caused my vision for my future research to involve a broader spectrum of science.
My first research lab experience was in Scott Fahrenkrug’s lab in wlagreen, the animal science department at the University of Minnesota, which incorporated quantitative genetics, functional genomics, and genetic engineering to design methods for specifically inducing homologous recombination to create mutations in DNA. This research was applied to the design of transgenic animals such as a pig model for cystic fibrosis and cows lacking the growth hormone inhibitor gene so that they would produce more muscle per about my friends, animal to wlagreen papers, potentially produce more meat to supply the growing world population. I was involved in the research by performing much of the manual lab work for essays on art, the assistant professor and lab supervisor, Dan Carlson. I cloned plasmids and verified their identity by gel electrophoresis, isolated RNA from tissue samples, and grew cells, lysed them and papers, analyzed their DNA by PCR. I was able to learn vast amounts about the process of research and how my work contributed despite my limited knowledge of genetics and biochemistry that made it difficult to completely understand the mechanism by which we were pursuing our goal.
I eventually understood how everything was connected in the lab: I made plasmids that were designed by Dan who would then put them into creativity genius in papers research selected pig or cow cells to express the sequence-specific homologous recombination-inducing restriction enzymes that were either zinc-finger nucleases or transcription activator-like endonucleases (TALENs). The cells modified by these restriction enzymes had the potential to be cloned into animals to determine the effectiveness of the mutations. I volunteered in wlagreen co term papers, the lab for the summer after my freshman year of college and was hired as a lab technician for the remainder of my time in the lab. Working in this lab helped me appreciate biology from a chemist’s perspective almost to the point that I felt like more of a biologist than a chemist. This experience made me excited about my future biochemistry and genetics classes where I was finally able to essays, understand the general mechanisms of the protocols performed in the lab. By having applied a wide range of wlagreen co term papers, protocols, I found it easier to learn the biochemical mechanisms behind the essays on art goethe, research. This also made me more interested in topics related to our work in genetic engineering such as the possibility of using siRNA or miRNA to selectively turn off or reduce translation of papers, certain proteins that could be potential methods for selectively targeting cancer cells based on their mutations. I learned to value the biological techniques involved in a small thing essay topics, the lab’s research even though I do not want to wlagreen co term, focus my research on genetic engineering of transgenic animals. Because I want to persuasuve essay, more directly contribute my work to medical research and utilize my chemistry background, I sought another lab position that would give me an opportunity to begin preparing myself for such a career. Therefore, I joined Natalia Treyakova’s medicinal chemistry research group in co term, the cancer research center at the University of Minnesota in my junior year of college. The primary goal of the lab is to understand the persuasive thesis, role of DNA adducts in carcinogenesis by using the tools of mass spectrometry, organic synthesis, biochemistry, molecular biology, and computational chemistry.
My experience in this lab has helped me grow as an independent researcher because I was able to quickly comprehend concepts due to my strong chemistry background and previous experience in a genetic engineering lab. This experience helped me quickly become more independent in the lab. It has also improved my ability to communicate my results to others and practice creativity by designing my own project, going to wlagreen, lab meetings, presenting my research, participating in journal club, writing reports for Professor Tretyakova, troubleshooting, and receiving feedback from the other lab members. When I started in the lab, I was placed to work with Teshome Gherezghiher, a post-doctoral student, to help him with his work on cyclophosphamide, a prodrug of a DNA alkylating agent, nornitrogen mustard. About Essay? I learned how to co term papers, perform the fundamental techniques used in resume, the lab such as high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry while I was beginning to optimize the synthesis of standards for biological analyses. These standards had already been described in the literature, but I worked for four months to alter the reaction conditions to increase the yield of the reaction.
I also synthesized an additional standard from one of the products of the reaction that had not been synthesized in the lab before and was not well characterized. Over time, I have begun to understand how my work has contributed to wlagreen co term papers, more advanced analytical techniques. These standards are used to not only quantify the adduct formation and repair in persuasuve essay, cell lines in vivo , but they are also being used to quantify adduct formation in leukocytes isolated from donated blood that are treated with the drug. This can potentially be used in an ex vivo test in the clinic. Developing such a test to quantify adduct formation will hopefully contribute to personalized dosing of the drug, which is important because it has been shown that the sensitivity of the drug varies; this is the case in Fanconi Anemia patients who require a much smaller dose than other cancer patients without the disease to have the same amount of adduct formation because there are more defects in their DNA repair mechanisms. Without proper dosing of the drug, higher sensitivity patients may experience more severe side effects. Co Term Papers? In addition to contributing to Teshome’s work on cyclophosphamide, I took on creativity genius in papers publication a project from wlagreen co term a previous graduate student in the lab, Xun Ming, to study the occurrence of protein-DNA cross-links induced by cisplatin and good thing essay, their potential to co term, facilitate mutagenicity and cytotoxicity.
To our knowledge, cisplatin has not been previously shown to goethe, form mutagenic DNA-protein adducts. In his thesis, Xun showed how he had studied a cisplatin cross-link between lysine and guanine; he was successful at synthesizing a standard and was able to observe the cross-link in cells treated with the drug. He also wanted to papers, search for guanine-cysteine cross-links that he determined to persuasive builder, exist. Although he tried to wlagreen, synthesize a novel standard for a small thing, the guanine-cysteine adduct, he struggled with its stability. Since December 2011, I have been trying to optimize a multi-step synthesis and purification method for wlagreen, this molecule. About My Friends? When I synthesize and purify the standard without degradation, I will be continuing my research to search for co term papers, the cross-link in good thing topics, cancer cell lines. Papers? Xun had hypothesized the cysteine-guanine cross-links migrate to guanine-guanine cross-links though the rate is unknown.
The migration is essay, believed to only occur with cross-links involving cysteine, but the formation of the specific adduct has not been confirmed. Observing the wlagreen, stability of the conjugate in cells will help determine whether the DNA-protein conjugates could potentially have a mutagenic effect. Also, verifying the formation of such cross-links in cells could help explain the effectiveness of the drug in certain kinds of tumors such as sarcomas, lymphomas, and about my friends, some carcinomas based on papers protein interactions. My research experiences have motivated me to english net, learn more about cancer and become passionate about wlagreen, understanding its mechanisms and english, improving its treatment. Cancer is an wlagreen co term papers incredibly complex disease; every cancer involves different genetic mutations resulting in alterations in the expression and structure of proteins – these mutations even vary within individual tumors.
I am optimistic about the possibility to take advantage of a small essay topics, these modifications to create personalized medicines that selectively target cancer cells to more efficiently and wlagreen co term papers, effectively treat cancer. I plan on utilizing my undergraduate research experiences to propel myself into more advanced cancer research emphasizing in pharmacology and medicinal chemistry to contribute to the development of more specific anticancer medicines. I am inspired by the development of medicines such as the breast cancer drug Herceptin that targets cells containing a large abundance of the Her2 receptor that is characteristic of some breast cancers. Herceptin uses an antibody and creativity genius selected, has improved the survival rate of patients with Her2+ breast cancer. There have been some great advancement recently in more personalized cancer treatment such as with the design of Herceptin and I want to be a part of the discovery of new drug targets and the design of wlagreen, novel anticancer drugs.
Researching novel ways to research selected, personalize medicines will combine my interests in the biology fostered in the genetic engineering lab and the chemical aspects of my research in the medicinal chemistry lab to contribute to improving the treatment of cancer.
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essay on the arawaks Below is an overview of the Arawak#047;Taino Native Americans, the original natives of the land today called Haiti (and Dominican Republic). Wlagreen Co Term! This is not so much an a small thing topics, original treatment, but I pulled a lot of material together from about a dozen sources, so it's more like an extended report. The topics I treat are#058; Lifestyle of the Arawak#047;Taino Housing and Dress Food and Agriculture Transportation Defense Religion and co term papers, Myth The genocidal end of the Arawak#047;Taino Specific Indian leaders at the time of persuasuve essay, Columbus (The five caciques of the time) I cordially invite comments. If you find that you do not agree with this report in some point, or you wish to wlagreen co term papers add something that I chose not to include, or you wish to ask me and others for further information, please don't hesitate to write and my friends, ask. THE ARAWAK#047;TAINO NATIVES OF THE ISLAND OF HISPANIOLA (HAITI) On December 6th, 1492 Christopher Columbus landed at Mole St. Nicholas in Haiti's north.
Thus began a totally new phase of life on the island of Hispaniola. Wlagreen Papers! Most people are aware that Christopher Columbus landed at on art and literature goethe, San Salvador on October 12th, 1492, thus discovering the New World for Spain. Less known is that his second land fall was at Mole St. Nicholas, Haiti on December 1492, or that the first settlement in the New World was La Navidad, on Haiti's north coast. This settlement, which housed sailors from the papers, Santa Maria which sank off Haiti's coast, was founded on December 24th, 1492.
Columbus did not discover a lost or unknown land. There was a flourishing civilization of native Americas. The primary group was the Arawak#047;Taino Indians. Arawak is the general group to which they belong, and describes especially the common language that this group of native Americans shared. They ranged from Venezuela through the Caribbean and Central America all the way to Florida. However, the particular group of Arawak-speaking people who lived on the island of Hispaniola was the Taino Indians. English Resume Net! To keep both names before us, I'll use the term Arawak#047;Taino to refer to them. The Arawak#047;Taino society was basically a very gentle culture. Wlagreen! It was characterized by creativity genius publication happiness, friendliness and a highly organized hierarchical, paternal society, and a lack of guile. Each society was a small kingdom and wlagreen, the leader was called a cacique. At the time of Columbus there were five different kingdoms on the island of Hispaniola.
The Indians practiced polygamy. Most men had 2 or 3 wives, but the caciques had as many as 30. It was a great honor for a woman to on art and literature goethe be married to a cacique. Not only did she enjoy a materially superior lifestyle, but her children were held in high esteem. The Arawak#047;Taino used two primary architectural styles for their homes. The general population lived in circular buildings with poles providing the primary support and these were covered with woven straw and palm leaves. They were somewhat like North American teepees except rather than being covered with skins they needed to reflect the warmth of the climate and simply used straw and palm leaves. The caciques were singled out for unique housing.
Their houses were rectangular and even featured a small porch. Despite the difference in wlagreen co term, shape, and my friends essay, the considerably larger buildings, the same materials were used. When the co term, Africans came beginning in 1507 they introduced mud and wattle as primary building materials. However, there is creativity publication research no record of the Arawak#047;Tainos having used these materials. The house of the cacique contained only his own family. However, given the number of wives he might have, this constituted a huge family.
The round houses of the co term papers, common people were also large. Each one had about 10-15 men and their whole families. Thus any Arawak#047;Taino home might house a hundred people. The houses did not contain much furniture. People slept in cotton hammocks or simply on mats of banana leaves. Good Thing Essay Topics! They also made wooden chairs with woven seats, couches and built cradles for co term their children. In addition to houses the typical Arawak#047;Taino village contained a flat court in the center of the village which was used for ball games and various festivals, both religious and secular. Houses were around this court. This was a hierarchical society, and while there was only resume net, one cacique who was paid a tribute (tax) to oversee the village, there were other levels of sub-caciques, who were not paid, but did hold positions of honor. They were liable for various services to the village and cacique. Stone making was especially developed among the Arawak#047;Tainos, but they seem not to have used it at all in building houses.
It was primarily used for tools and especially religious artifacts. The men were generally naked, but the women sometimes wore short skirts. Men and co term papers, women alike adorned their bodies with paint and shells and other decorations. The Arawak#047;Taino diet, like ours, centered around meat or fish as the primary source of creativity genius in papers research selected, protein. There never were many wild animals to hunt on Hispaniola, but there were some small mammals that were hunted and wlagreen, enjoyed. Thing Essay! They also ate snakes, various rodents, bats, worms, birds, in general any living things they could find with the exception of humans. They were able to hunt ducks and turtles in the lakes and sea.
The coastal natives relied heavily on fishing, and tended to eat their fish either raw or only partially cooked. Since they did grow cotton on the island, the natives had fishing nets made of cotton. The natives of the wlagreen co term, interior relied more on creativity creativity in papers publication selected, agriculture and de-emphasized meat or fish in their diet. The Arawak#047;Taino had a developed system of agriculture which was virtually maintenance free. They raised their crops in a conuco, a large mound which was devised especially for farming. They packed the conuco with leaves to co term papers protect from soil erosion and fixed a large variety of crops to assure that something would grow, no matter what weather conditions prevailed. (As an aside I would like to comment that many people in the pre-Columbian Americas had virtually work free agriculture. This system meant that people living in a small essay, these materially simple social systems had enormous amounts of free time and often developed elaborate religious rites which took a lot of their time, but also had highly developed systems of games and recreation. Co Term! There are some nice advantages to very simple living and diet!) One of the ozline.com thesis, Arawak#047;Taino's primary crops was cassava.
This is co term papers a root crop from which a poisonous juice must be squeezed. Then it is baked into persuasuve essay a bread like slab. The current method of doing this in Haiti produces a flat bread, sort of wlagreen co term papers, like a stale burrito or pizza shell. The Arawak#047;Taino grew corn (maize), squash, beans, peppers, sweet potatoes, yams and peanuts. They not only had cotton, but they raised tobacco and enjoyed smoking very much. It was not only a part of creativity genius research selected, their social life, but was used in religious ceremonies too. The Arawak#047;Taino had no large animals like horses, oxen or mules to ride or use for co term papers work. Essay! But they did have river and sea transportation. Wlagreen Papers! They used dugout canoes which were cut from a single tree trunk and used with paddles.
They could take 70-80 people in a single canoe and even used them for long travels on the sea. These dugouts allowed fishing the few lakes of Hispaniola as well as fishing out a bit off the coast. The Arawak#047;Taino themselves were quite peaceful people, but they did have to defend themselves from the persuasive builder, Caribs who were cannibals. The Caribs of this area were centered at what is today Puerto Rico, but some did live in wlagreen co term papers, northeast Hispaniola, an area that today is the english net, Dominican Republic. The Caribs were war-like cannibals. They often raided the more peaceful Arawak#047;Tainos, killing off the men, stealing and holding the women for co term breeding, and fattening the children to eat. Please note -- Febrauary 2009: A Caribbean scholar has written in a strong note claiming this passage is in error. Her claims sound quite plausible to about me, however, it was years ago I wrote this passage and I have no idea of my source, nor the energy to seach the passage out at this time.
Thus at the bottom of this essay I include her corrective note to me and appreciate her kindness in taking the wlagreen co term papers, time to raise this issue. See below at end. Thus the Arawak#047;Taino had some weapons which they used in persuasuve, defense. They used the bow and arrow, and had developed some poisons for their arrow tips. They had cotton ropes for defensive purposes and some spears with fish hooks on the end. Since there were hardwoods on the island, they did have a war club made of macana. This was about 1 thick and reminds one very much of the cocomaque stick used in later Haitian days. They did not develop any armor or specifically defensive weapons (shields, etc.) The Arawak#047;Taino were polytheists and wlagreen co term papers, their gods were called ZEMI . English Net! The zemi controlled various functions of the universe, very much like Greek gods did, or like later Haitian Voodoo lwa. However, they do not seem to have had particular personalities like the Greek and Haitian gods#047;spirits do.
There were three primary religious practices#058; Religious worship and obeisance to the zemi themselves. Dancing in the village court during special festivals of thanksgiving or petition. Medicine men, or priests, consulting the zemi for advice and healing. This was done in public ceremonies with song and dance. There are many stone carvings of zemi which have survived. Hugh Cave in his HAITI#058; HIGH ROAD TO ADVENTURE reports that some of the stalagmites of the caves of wlagreen, Dondon were carved into persuasuve zemi. Some of my students on a study trip visited the caves of Dondon but were unable to wlagreen co term papers find and photograph these carvings.
One often sees stone zemi for sale in Haiti, but I have no way of builder, knowing if they are genuine Arawak#047;Taino archaeological finds, or if they have been remade for tourists! (As a footnote to this section I might add that Rev. Wlagreen! Dr. William Hodges in ozline.com persuasive, Limbe, Haiti, is co term papers perhaps the most important of those who have done archaeological work in Haiti, and english net, he bills himself as a amateur who does it on the side for pleasure. However, his small museum in Limbe is simply fantastic, and worth the trip, which is wlagreen co term only about 45 minutes from Cap Haitien by taptap. He also has a wealth of about my friends, materials which he has printed over the years. Dr. Hodges, a U.S. Co Term! citizen, operates a missionary hospital in Limbe and has been in Haiti for more than 40 years.) One account of the religious agricultural feasts which were offered both in thanksgiving and petition, describes the following features#058; People had special dress for the ceremonies that included paint and feathers.
From their knees on down they would be covered in shells. The shaman (medicine man or priests) presented the carved figures of the zemi. The cacique sat on wooden stool, a place of honor. (There are many surviving stone carvings of the cacique on his stool.) There was a ceremonial beating of drums. On Art Goethe! People induced vomiting with a swallowing stick. This was to co term papers purge the body of resume net, impurities, both a literal physical purging and co term, a symbolic spiritual purging. In Papers Publication Research! This ceremonial purging and other rites were a symbolic changing before zemi. Women served bread (a communion rite), first to zemi, then to wlagreen co term the cacique followed by the other people. The sacred bread was a powerful protector. (The interesting similarities between this ritual and on art, the Christian practice of eucharist is obvious!) Finally came an oral history lesson -- the singing of the village epic in honor of the cacique and his ancestors. Co Term Papers! As the ozline.com persuasive thesis builder, poet recited he was accompanied by a maraca, a piece of hardwood which was beaten with pebbles.
There was an afterlife where the good would be rewarded. They would meet up with dead relatives and friends. Since most of the papers, people they would meet in this paradise were women, it is curious to speculate if it was mainly women who were considered good, or if some other reason accounted for this division of the sexes in the afterlife. There are many stone religious artifacts which have been found in Haiti. The zemi take on a small thing topics, strange forms like toads, turtles, snakes, alligators and various distorted and wlagreen, hideous human faces. The zemi, as well as dead caciques, have certain powers over the natural world and must be dealt with. Thus these various services are ways of acknowledging their power (worship and thanksgiving) and at the same time seeking their aid. Because of these powers there are many Arawak#047;Taino stories which account for the origins of some experienced phenomena in myth and persuasive, or magic. Several myths had to do with caves. The sun and co term papers, moon, for example, came out of caves. English Resume Net! Another story tells that the people lived in caves and only came out at night.
One guard was supposed to wlagreen papers watch carefully over people to be sure that they were well divided in the land. However, one day he was late in returning and the sun caught him and turned him into thing topics a stone pillar. (Shades of Lot's wife!) Another Indian became angry at the sun for its various tricks and decided to leave. He convinced all the women to abandon their men and come with him along with their children. But, the children were deserted, and in their hunger they turned into frogs. The women simply disappeared.
This left the men without women. But, they did find some sexless creatures roaming around and wlagreen co term, eventually captured them. (Actually they used people with a disease like mange since they had rough hands and could hold on to these elusive creatures.) However, they tied these creatures up and put woodpeckers on them. The birds, thinking these were trees started pecking on them and carved out the sex organs of ozline.com thesis builder, women, thus re-establishing the co term papers, possibility of survival. A different myth simply tells that once there were no women. Man brought woman from an english resume, island where there were only women. The origin of the oceans was in a huge flood which occurred when a father murdered his son (who was about to murder the father), and wlagreen co term papers, then put his bones in a calabash. The bones turned to fish and topics, then the gourd broke and all the wlagreen, water of the world flowed from the broken gourd. THE GENOCIDAL END OF THE ARAWAK#047;TAINO NATIVES ON THE ISLAND OF HISPANIOLA.
This section of the genocidal end of the Hispaniolan Taino/Arawaks was revised in August 1999 (including the title of the section). There is a great debate as to just how many Arawak#047;Taino inhabited Hispaniola when Columbus landed in 1492. Some of the early Spanish historian#047;observers claimed there were as many as 3,000,000 to 4,000,000. These numbers seem to be based on very little reliable evidence and are thought to creativity genius in papers publication selected be gross exaggerations. However, since nothing like a census was done, the methods for wlagreen co term estimating the numbers are extremely shaky, whether by these early historians or later critics. One long technical article on the population comes in creativity in papers publication research selected, the with the low estimate of 100,000. Several other modern scholars seem to lean more forcefully in co term papers, the area of persuasuve essay, 300,000 to papers 400,000. Whatever the number, what happened to them is extremely tragic. They were not immune to resume net European diseases, especially smallpox, and the Spanish worked them unmercifully in the mines and co term, fields.
By 1507 the Spanish were settled and able to do a more reliable job of counting the Arawak#047;Tainos. It is generally agreed that by 1507 their numbers had shrunk to 60,000. By 1531 the number was down to 600. Today there are no easily discerned traces of the Arawak#047;Taino at all except for some of the archaeological remains that have been found. Not only on Hispaniola, but also across the my friends, Windward Passage in Cuba, complete genocide was practiced on these natives. The next three paragraphs were added in August 1999. It is important to pause and think about what is claimed here. The claim is wlagreen co term not that the entire population of CARIBBEAN (and possibly even Floridian) Taino/Arawaks were wiped out, but that population which was on the island of about, Hispaniola when Columbus arrived. Further, this is not to co term papers say that no drop of Taino/Arawak blood survived, or than not a single word of the language drifted in later Haitian Creole, perhaps even a zemi god influenced Voodoo here or there. Rather, the claim is that the Taino/Arawak as a discernible people with a discernible culture simply disappeared ON THE ISLAND OF HISPANIOLA.
It is clear that the Taino/Arawak survived in others areas of the my friends essay, Caribbean, even in wlagreen, near-by Puerto Rico. The claim I am making is limited to those Taino/Arawaks who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when Columbus arrived in 1492. Disease was a major cause of their demise. However, on Columbus' 2nd voyage he began to require a tribute from the Arawak#047;Tainos. They were expected to yield a certain quantity of gold per capita. Failing that each adult of creativity genius research selected, 14 was required to submit 25lbs. of cotton. For those who could not produce the cotton either, there was a service requirement for them to work for the Spanish.
This set the stage for co term a system of assigning the Arawak#047;Taino to Spanish settlers as effective slave labor. This system contributed significantly to their genocide. In Sidney Lintz's interesting introduction to ozline.com persuasive builder James Leyburn's THE HAITIANS , he argues that not only papers, did the natives die out, but nearly all cultural traces did too. He says this is a very unusual phenomenon. Persuasuve! Haiti's culture is almost entirely African and European. Papers! There are some anthropologists who believe that some Voodoo rites, and especially the Petwo Voodoo rites, might have their origins in Arawak#047;Taino religion, but this is speculative. Regardless, it does seem that the Arawak#047;Tainos disappeared without a trace. Michel Laguerre does caution that despite the early date of the demise of the Arawak#047;Taino, numbers of them did last long enough to have worked alongside the African slaves who were being brought to good thing essay Haiti in increasing numbers. Laguerre suggests that there would probably have been some inter-mating and thus it is co term highly unlikely that Indian blood completely died out in a small good thing topics, Haiti, even though their cultural heritage did disappear without a trace. [Special note#058; Given my focus on papers, the history of Haiti as shaping the current situation in Haiti and using history to understand Haiti today, what is contained in the few paragraphs before this note is very important.
It says, in persuasuve, effect, that the pre-Columbian period has virtually no role at all in shaping contemporary Haiti. This should be noted, since if my analysis is accurate, that important conclusion follows.] SPECIFIC NATIVE LEADERS AT THE TIME OF COLUMBUS. There were five major caciques when Columbus landed and they had various relations with Columbus. These caciques, their provinces and wlagreen papers, relations with the Spanish were#058;
The province of resume net, Marien (Bainoa) This province was on the north east coast + interior, in wlagreen, the area of the bay of Samana in the Dominican Republic. He wanted Columbus to protect him from the marauding Caribs who often came into this area, and he became a friendly advisor to Columbus and a lifelong friend of the Spanish invaders. His own village was about 2 miles SE of my friends essay, Cap Haitien. The province of Ciguayos (Cayabo or Maguana) After the Spanish settlers at La Navidad perpetrated many horrors on local natives, Caonabo led a band which crossed into the province of Maden and killed all the sailors. Caonabo then became the rallying point for resistance to the Spanish. Under a pretext of wlagreen co term, making peace, Columbus lured Caonabo into a trap. The Spaniard Ojeda gave Caonabo a gift of polished iron chains and handcuffs. Mistaking them for english ornaments, Caonabo allowed himself to be chained and taken away. Co Term! Columbus then sent him off to Spain.
Caonabo's brother, Manicatoex, then led an uprising. Creativity Research! The Spanish, with their superior firepower crushed the natives and the defeated Arawak#047;Taino were forced to agree to pay tribute to the Spanish. There seems to be some unclarity among scholars about these natives. Some claim that these Indians were not from the wlagreen co term, Arawak#047;Taino group, but some other tribe. lt does seem that an earlier group, the english, Ciboney, did live in this area. But, it's not clear if at the time of Caonabo these were Arawak#047; Taino or not.
The province of Magua (Huhabo) This was a densely populated area. This was good inland agricultural land. Wlagreen Co Term Papers! In 1494 Guarionex was made to submit, then was imprisoned. English Net! The Spanish raped his wife in wlagreen, front of him, then executed him. They suspected him of being involved in the attack which Caonabo led on La Navidad.
(A brief digression on La Navidad. Columbus landed at Mole St. Nicholas on essay topics, Dec. 6, 1492, his second land fall in the New World. On Dec. 24, 1492 he was sailing away and on Christmas Eve the co term, Santa Maria ran aground and sank off the north coast of Haiti, just near Cap Haitien. The Pinta was lost and the Nina could not accommodate all the sailors. Thus Columbus, with the help of Arawak#047;Taino, salvaged a good deal of the Santa Maria and built a small fort called La Navidad (The Nativity) and left a group of sailors there.)
On his return on the second voyage all the sailors were discovered to have been killed. It seems that they began to violate native women and english net, property and the natives rose up against them.) The province of Xaragua. This was in the southwest peninsula. They grew lots of cotton here and also in the cul de sac, north of where Port-au-Prince lies today. Behechio's sister was Anacaona, widow of wlagreen co term, Caonabo. After the Spanish killed Caonabo and Behechio, she succeeded her husband in Xaragua and was much loved by her people. However, the Spanish were threatened by this popularity and the power that went with it. English Resume! Ovando, a successor to Columbus, went to her village under the pretext of collecting the Spanish tribute. Despite Anacaona's instructions to the people to be fully cooperative and hospitable, and despite her own friendly welcome, the Spanish began a slaughter, burned the village and took Anacaona prisoner.
She was hanged at Santo Domingo. Cacique Cotubanama or Cayacoa. The province of Higuey (Caizcimu) There were rumors of there being gold in Higuey. Wlagreen Co Term Papers! De Las Casas reported that infinite was the number of people l saw burned alive in order that the people tell where the nonexistent gold was. Creativity Creativity! (I'll do a separate piece on De Las Casas, a most interesting fellow.) After the death of Anacaona, Cotubanama too was considered dangerous. The Spanish attacked his province, captured him and wlagreen co term papers, hung him in Santo Domingo. [Another interruption#058; A word about originality. I am not an historian by profession or training.
I gather virtually no data from original archival sources. Rather, I read a great deal of what historians have written about Haiti, and I pull information together. However, I do then build interpretations of in papers research, that data that is sometimes not the same use of the data that the original historian made of it. Thus, while I want to caution you that I am not original in wlagreen, the sense of data gathering, I do accept the responsibility for many of my interpretations of that data, or for other's interpretations which I've come to about my friends essay accept. I'll try, as best I can, to defend controversial interpretations which that controversy is co term brought to my attention.] The word genocide is an interesting term. Etymologically it means the killing of an entire gens, a whole people.
The word is used a good deal in politically charged language these days with people often charging that some group or other is attempting genocide. Certainly Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich of Germany attempted it on the Jews of Europe, and failed. English Net! As far as I know, the only case in history of where complete and total genocide was carried out was here on the island of Hispaniola. The entire GENS , the wlagreen co term papers, whole people of the native Americans of the Arawak#047;Taino people were wiped out. It is a horrible and astonishing story. [My claim of genocide is a controversial interpretation, and is vehemently denied by a group of living Tainos. Now, one may ask, if there was genocide on the Hispaniola Arawak#047;Tainos, then how can their be living Tainos? That's the rub, and that's why I stand behind my claim.] The Tainos were throughout the Caribbean, Bahamas and some areas of the mainland, especially near northern coastal South America. But, from resume net what I have read, the Arawak#047;Tainos of the island of Hispaniola did not survive at co term, all. However, if this topic interests you, then I urge you to get in touch with the active Taino group which has a WWW site and a small good thing, can offer you a contrary view.
In 1997 I explained my case and wlagreen papers, invited them to respond specifically to english net the question of the island of co term papers, Hispaniola, but to date they have not done that. About My Friends! Their home page can be found at#058; From#058; Cacique Ciba Guanikeyu. great grandson of Cacique Orocobix. The Taino Inter-Tribal Council. THE NJ COUNCIL OFFICE Tel#058; 609-825-7776 FAX #038; TAINO BBS#058; 609-825-7922. We Are Still Here! Taino Indigenous Nation of the Caribbean #038; Florida. The head of wlagreen co term, this organization is Peter Torres Torresp#064;algorithms.com. Note added February 2009. I am an indigenous Caribbean scholar (Lokono Arawak) who is doing my doctoral work on the history and culture of the indigenous people of the Caribbean at York University in Toronto.
As a part of my research I came across your page entitled, PRE-COLUMBIAN HISPANIOLA -- ARAWAK/TAINO NATIVE AMERICANS. While the majority of your work regarding the Taino is accurate there are some inaccuracies in persuasuve essay, your paper I felt sufficiently offended by to write to you about. Your information about the Carib (who are actually called the wlagreen papers, Kalinago) is incorrect. The information I am referring to is: . they did have to about defend themselves from the Caribs who were cannibals. The Caribs of wlagreen co term papers, this area were centered at what is today Puerto Rico, but some did live in creativity creativity research, northeast Hispaniola, an area that today is the Dominican Republic.
The Caribs were war-like cannibals. They often raided the more peaceful Arawak/Tainos, killing off the co term, men, stealing and persuasive, holding the women for co term papers breeding, and fattening the children to eat. There is no archaeological, anthropological or traditional cultural evidence to persuasuve essay support this view that the wlagreen co term papers, Kalinago were Cannibals which makes your writings about them inadvertently a part of the resume net, perpetuation of an outdated and unsupported scholarly view.