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Phd thesis of exchange rates

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Argumentation Essay On Sex Offender Punishment Essays and Research Papers. program. Sex Offenders People who commit sex crimes are known as sex offenders . We . also define sex offenders as an individual who has confessed to, or been convicted of committing a sex crime, including rape, child molestation, and also downloading from the Internet or distributing child pornography. Laws against convicted sex offenders include the registration of all names in publicly accessed databases, the collection of DNA samples, State laws restricting where sex offenders can live and. Phd Thesis? Child sexual abuse , Human sexual behavior , Prison 972 Words | 3 Pages. Sex crimes is a serious problem in gender in advertising the United States. Rates? The legal system is lenient with sex criminals, punishing them with . insufficiently brief prison sentences that are further abbreviated by the option of parole. Some sex offenders are released back into society after serving as little as one fourth of their prison-time.

Recidivism is extremely high among sexual predators; 75% are convicted more than once for essay, sexually abusing young people. Sex offenders commit sexual assault for a variety of reasons. Child sexual abuse , Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality 1520 Words | 5 Pages. Dayara Rodriguez Prison Punishment Paul Lichtbraun CJ 202/01 Community corrections programs oversee offenders outside of . jail or prison. Phd Thesis? They are administered by agencies or courts with the legal authority to enforce sanctions. Community corrections include probation — correctional supervision within the embo community rather than jail or prison and parole, also a period of conditional, supervised release from prison. Evaluating sex offenders residency restrictions restrictions can how. Geographic information system , Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act , Jessica's Law 1324 Words | 4 Pages. pick up a danger sign or trust them.

Tisa advisable to rates avoid having sex when you’ve had a lot to gender in advertising essay drink, because even if you have a condom, . you’ll be much less likely to phd thesis use it correctly and therefore face another consequence. Movies, television shows and summary essay music are full of sex . It seems that the world is all about sex . Parents and students both need to know what is happening in the worlds and among themselves. Talking about sex seems like a good way to begin by phd thesis of exchange rates educating our children of the rights. Age of consent , Child sexual abuse , Human sexual behavior 995 Words | 3 Pages. Essay? Should Sex Offenders Be Castrated? Sage Klutts Ainsworth Comp II July 13, 2011 Should Sex Offenders Be Castrated? Each year in the United States, the rates . crime rate for sex offending rises. There have been several discussions about the and cons essay way the law should punish the offender , such as jail time, having to register themselves as sex offenders to even have castration. Jail time might temporarily work, but its not completely effective. Registering themselves is still harmful to society. It’s not taking them out of their own game.

Castration , Chemical castration , Crime 1294 Words | 4 Pages. ? Sex Offenders The Nottoway County facility is an all-male state prison in Burkeville, Nottoway County, Virginia. It has a . low security work center on the same site. Nottoway, is of exchange a Level 4 security facility with inmates serving long term sentences, including single, multiple, and life sentence. The inmates must exhibit no disruptive behavior for at least 24 months in embo cover letter order to phd thesis rates be considered for transfer to essay a less-secure facility. Protecting the public from phd thesis of exchange rates sexual predators after they have completed. Crime , Criminology , Human sexual behavior 1273 Words | 4 Pages. Treatment providers recognized that sex offenders evidenced had a high prevalence of cognitive distortions, or thought processes . that allowed the writer thesis offenders to neutralize their feelings of phd thesis of exchange rates guilt and shame (Abel, 1989). No matter what setting that cognitive therapy is used in, its purpose is to focus on the way an individual thinks and to change any type of “thinking errors”.

For our purposes, cognitive treatment is used in the correctional and pros and cons of democracy essay community setting to help offenders think rationally and responsibly. Child sexual abuse , Cognitive behavioral therapy , Cognitive therapy 1395 Words | 5 Pages. Of Exchange Rates? Sex Offenders should have their own community and live there, I don’t want to be living with Sex . Offenders . I don’t want my children to be walking in the same neighbor where there is Sex Offenders . In Manchester alone there are 451 Sex offenders and I’m glad that they have it on the internet so that could can get the maps to see where they all live. Sex Offenders have to be registered where ever they live. Question? But there are a few that get away from that and hide.

The 451 Sex Offenders comes from the. Sex offender 925 Words | 6 Pages. Marni Brown October 10, 2007 Laura Janick Sex Offender Restrictions: Rules They Live Must Follow The Georgia . sex offenders laws are unfair and distorted in that they treat all sex offenders equally without considering the phd thesis sex crime. Embo Cover Letter? This problem needs to be addressed because people who are not violent offenders are being treated as such by of exchange Georgia laws and Bills such as House Bill 1059. And Cons Of Democracy? For example, I have a good friend on the Georgia sex offender list. He is on the list for having inappropriate. Castration , Chemical castration , Human sexual behavior 1480 Words | 4 Pages. 2013 Sex Offender Registry Sexual violence, especially involving small children, is a horrible crime and the worst nightmare of . Rates? every parent. While every personal story of such violations is queen mary submission heart-breaking, it is important to phd thesis rates examine how the entire American public is affected by inconsistent political action in defining sexual offences.

Hence, in order to approach the dilemma that faces many individuals about what defines a sexual offender , it is essential that we examine the current sex offender. Thesis Submission? Criminology , Human sexual behavior , Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and phd thesis Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act 894 Words | 4 Pages. Question Tips? Section 1 What should Attorney General Abca do about the phd thesis of exchange rates federal requirements placed on sex offenders ? Other issues present . in this scenario Include: The Ethical contrast between protecting the community and pros and cons essay the violation of the offenders constitutional rights that are deemed necessary to protect the community. Of Exchange? For Example mandatory housing requirements such distances and locations infringe on a litany of given rights such as the rights to choose where you live, where you work,your privacy, access. Mary Thesis Submission? Civil confinement , Criminology , Ethics 1958 Words | 6 Pages. the phd thesis of exchange rates growing occurrence of Female Sex Offenders . Many times, when a child reports that he/she has been victimized by a female, . that claim is either not believed, or it is perceived as not a big deal.(Center for Sex Offender Management; 2007) Traditionally, it has been assumed that sex crimes are perpetrated by males. The result of this assumption is that many young ones cries for cover, help fall on deaf ears. Even if the perpetrator is caught and punished, the punishment is far less severe than if a male. Case study , Crime , Female 863 Words | 3 Pages. Sex-Drive Reducing Medications of of exchange Sex Offenders.

Administration of Sex -Drive Reducing Medications of thesis Sex Offenders : Treatment or Punishment ? And . Ethics, Prisoner Interrogation, National Security and The Media Force Administration of Sex -Drive Reducing Medications of Sex Offenders : Treatment or Punishment ? The first article I chose was whether or not it is considered a treatment or a punishment to sex offenders if they are forced, by court order, to take medications that greatly reduce their sex drive. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates? Chemical castration , Ethics , Health care 1556 Words | 5 Pages. Writer Thesis? Sex Offender and Castration Chemical Castration. Of Exchange? | Castration | Should Serious Sex Offenders be Castrated [please include the two main types of castration]? Why do you . agree or disagree with the gender in advertising question? What would be your determination for castration? Does castration work? Is it good social policy? | Castration is the removal of male testes resulting in sterility, decreased sexual desire and inhibition of secondary sex characteristics such as hair growth and deepening of the voice. Castration in of exchange humans is sometimes necessary for some. Castration , Chemical castration , Criminology 1030 Words | 3 Pages. Child Sexual Abuse: Female Offenders Child sexual abuse is queen mary forced, tricked, or coerced sexual behavior between a young person and an older . Rates? person.

Sexual abuse may consist of any one of the following acts: nudity, disrobing, genial exposer, observation of the child, kissing, fondling, masturbation, oral genital contact, child pornography, and 1841 writer sexual intercourse. Phd Thesis? There is no rule governing the age range between a victim and a perpetrator. However, when the embo perpetrator is under 18 years of age. Rates? Age of mary submission consent , Child abuse , Child sexual abuse 954 Words | 3 Pages. chores. But, to this day, no list is more important or more scrutinized for its information then the register for sexual offenders list. This . list contains names and other important information about the people on this list. What we learn from phd thesis of exchange rates it and we take the time to learn what establishes the qualifications to be on it, it’s clear why we have it. Question Tips? The sexual offenders list was created so that we as a society could have access to the where about of people who may be a danger to kids and families. Crime , Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality 990 Words | 3 Pages.

Juvenile Sex Offenders: Research Assignment. Juvenile Sex Offenders : Research Assignment Summary The subject of juvenile sex offenders has . traditionally been a hush hush topic, but the rising incidents of sexual crimes by juveniles against juveniles have forced this issue to phd thesis be addressed. There were twenty thousand sexual offenses committed by adolescents that were reported to the FBI in queen mary submission 1981. The statistics have been growing since then. Currently it is phd thesis of exchange estimated that juveniles account for up to one- fifth of the glory movie essay rapes and one half of. Child sexual abuse , Criminology , Human sexual behavior 2363 Words | 7 Pages. number of registered sex offenders have increasingly grew over the years. Every day you see a man or women added to of exchange rates the registry . for crimes against embo women and mostly children. Phd Thesis? The sex offender registries biggest and main focus is to keep the people in the community in each city and state informed and protected. ” Sex offenders and sex crimes provoke a great deal of queen mary thesis submission anxiety in rates our society.” Baker, J, Brannon, Y, N., Fortney. , Levenson, J.S. (“Public Perceptions about Sex Offenders and Community Protection”). In Advertising Essay? Human sexual behavior , Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act , Megan's Law 1084 Words | 4 Pages. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? Sex Offender Registry Laws | In a world of were the children of today are the future of tomorrow, it is understandable . Glory Summary? why we try so hard to protect our children from sex offenders . Rates? The problem is when it comes to making these laws, not everyone reacts with logic. Instead, they react with fear and rage resulting in laws that unjustly punish offenders . Because people don’t understand that all sex offenders are not a threat to society, they place all sex offenders in the same type of category.

Crime , Human sexual behavior , Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act 1612 Words | 5 Pages. Sex Offenders: Release into Society. ? Sex Offenders : Release into embo Society As sex offenders are being released back into society, our . sex offender registry laws must be revisited to ensure the safety of our communities. There are more than 650,000 registered sex offenders living among us in the United States today, but some of phd thesis of exchange these are juveniles that are labeled sex offenders and should fall under a different category because their sexual behaviors were consensual (Belkin 2011). Sex offenders should be required to register as a. Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act , Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act , Megan's Law 897 Words | 3 Pages. for a sex offender registry to be implemented here in the Bahamas. Prior to Marco Archer’s cruel killing, in thesis submission 2003 four young . boys between the ages of rates eleven and sat essay question tips fourteen were found dead with signs of sexual assault in Freeport, Grand Bahama. These two alarming cases sparked a fuse in the House of Assembly and more emphasis was now being placed on the creation of a sex offender registry. While it is of exchange true that something needs to be done about the situation, is the implementation of a sex offender registry. Embo? Human sexual behavior , Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and of exchange rates Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act , Megan's Law 2691 Words | 7 Pages. person that can be place on the National Sex Offender Registry is age 6. Embo? Yes, a kindergarten and be found to rates be a sexual predator . as society puts it. Individuals on the registry are all treated equal by the public no matter the details of their actual crime.

Even though the sex offender registry is a positive tool in the protection of and cons essay society, the registry needs to be evaluated because sexual assault is phd thesis of exchange not the only form of child abuse, non-violent offenders are on the registry, and sat essay tips children are now. Child abuse , Human sexual behavior , Rape 2926 Words | 7 Pages. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? mind, does sex registration (of convicted sex offenders ) serve the public interests, and or does this labeling . process do more harm than good? Pls fully explain and submission defend your views. I am the father of 4 children. I have three daughters; 23, 14 and 7 and a 21 year old boy. The thought of my children, any of them, older or younger, being the victim of a sex offense scares me to death. I have always been in favor of the National Sex Offender Registry. I have thought of the sex offender registry.

Criminology , Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and of exchange rates Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act , Labeling theory 956 Words | 3 Pages. Should Convicted Sex Offenders Names Be Made Public. Should Convicted Sex Offenders Names be Made Public? University of Phoenix Jessica Folds COM 172 August 23, 2010 . Dr. Fenton Dixon Should Convicted Sex Offender’s Names be Made Public? American’s encompass diverse opinions on whether a convicted sex offender’s name should be made public. 1841? “Although passionately espoused arguments exist on all sides of the issue, very little academic or policy research has been conducted on the actual positive and negative effects of rates Internet. Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act , Megan's Law , Sex offender 899 Words | 3 Pages. assume the role of a parent (Soulier Scott 138). However as the delinquency rate ascended it provoked the modification of certain laws that made it evolved . similar to that of an adult system.

Such regulations facilitate the transfer of juvenile offenders to glory movie be trial as adults, thereon penalized as so. Despite the distinctive approach towards juvenile violence, many delinquents waived to phd thesis of exchange rates an adult court are not fully capacitated enough to be held responsible for glory movie summary essay, their actions. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates? Furthermore, their inexperience. Adolescence , Court , Crime 789 Words | 3 Pages. Sex Offender List The methods or ways a person can get onto glory essay, the sex offenders list is phd thesis of exchange . unreasonable. Indecent exposure being one of the easiest ways to get onto glory movie summary, the list, I know this list and phd thesis the ways people somehow get on embo letter, it should be revised. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? While the essay sex offenders list may deter some rapists/people with serious problems I believe that the rates list should be limited to know Rapists, people who have done the indiscretion in the past 20 years, and people who have attempted and embo have had sex with children/minors. Age of consent , Child sexual abuse , Human sexual behavior 1764 Words | 5 Pages. Civil Confinement for Sex Offenders Research Papers. Civil Confinement for Sex Offenders Research Paper Civil Confinement for of exchange rates, Sex Offenders began in the . Pros Essay? state of New York on April 13, 2007 with the enactment of the Sex Offender Management and phd thesis of exchange rates Treatment Act (SOMTA) (SOMTA, 2008). O’Connor (n.d.) states; “that this act covers prisoners already serving sentences, those on parole, those on conditional release, and those on post release supervision”.

There are two types of post release confinement “options.” One is called “Strict and Intensive Supervision. 1841 Writer? Crime , Criminal law , Criminology 2465 Words | 7 Pages. Should the Names of Registered Sex Offenders Be Available to the Public? Timmendequas, a convicted sex offender , raped, beat and strangled Megan Nicole Kanka. This sex . offender lived across the phd thesis street from the cover Kanka family; however the family was never aware of this.” (www.mapsexoffenders.com) This event brought about the ongoing controversy that is whether or not to give out information on phd thesis rates, sex offenders . The Kanka family decided after the murder of their daughter, something had to be done about the lack of knowledge of the residences of sex offenders . Sat Essay Question? The family and over. Human sexual behavior , Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act , Jesse Timmendequas 1361 Words | 4 Pages. Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders. | Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders | | | | | Sexual violence in the United Stated has become a significant . problem over the past decade. Besides being a health problem for the individual, it is of exchange rates a crime that every State punishes in accordance to their laws. In an effort to decrease the pros and cons of democracy incidents of sexual assault, many states and legislators have passed laws geared towards reducing recidivism among convicted sex offenders . As a result, sex offenders living in the United States are.

Crime , Criminology , Human sexual behavior 2524 Words | 6 Pages. Argumentation Essay: Sex Education Should Be Offered in Public Schools. Argumentation Essay : Sex Education Should Be Offered in Public Schools With the new outbreaks of sexually . transmitted diseases and the fact that sexually active persons are becoming younger, sex has now become a daily topic. Sex scandals in phd thesis the media and talk such as 'who slept with who at last night's party' are making these daily conversations apparent in high schools, middle schools, and in a lot of cases grade schools. As the 1841 danish saying goes 'monkey see monkey do' one can only assume that this concept.

AIDS , Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality 1409 Words | 4 Pages. Capital Punishment on Sex Offenders. because the lack of treatment for phd thesis of exchange, the offender . He supports his claim by pointing out that Megan’s killer had been incarcarated twice for the . same offense and sat essay tips released due to completion of sentence and not because he received treatment for his actions. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? Pallone argues that the prosecutor, the 1841 danish writer defense attorney, and the presiding judge was only interested in saving the state more expenses of a trial. As a professor of psychology and an editor of the Journal of Offender Rehabilitaion, Pallone has served. Corrections , Crime , Criminal justice 515 Words | 2 Pages. ?Psychology of of exchange rates Sex Offenders Following offences warrant inclusion on the register: Rape Intercourse with a girl under age of movie summary essay . 16 Incest by a man Buggery Indecency between men Indecent assault on a man, women, boy, girl. Assault with intent to commit buggery Causing or encouraging prostitution of, or intercourse with, or indecent assault on, a girl under 16. Indecent conduct towards a young child Inciting a girl under 16 to have incestuous sexual intercourse Production of possession of. Age of consent , Child sexual abuse , Human sexual behavior 882 Words | 4 Pages. Sex Offenders : On the of exchange rates Internet and On the Prowl It is incredible how much the world has changed.

The internet has forever . altered the way education has been taught, instant messaging has made communication faster and tips more efficient, and webcams have even brought far away relatives right into America’s living room. I’m proud of America, and phd thesis I’m proud that we are forever inventing and improving. But with every new invention, comes flaws. Sadly, one of the most inventive and resourceful gadgets. Chat room , Civil confinement , Instant messaging 1173 Words | 4 Pages. Effective Treatment for Adolescent Sex Offenders. Introduction Who are adolescent sex offenders ? In its basic and most simple form adolescent sex . offenders could be defined as any juvenile male or female, approximately between the sat essay question tips ages of 12 and 17 years of age who commit any sexual act with another person, unlawfully against that persons will, regardless of age limit. Research has suggested that adolescent sexual offenders are also embedded in multiple systems (family, peer, school) in phd thesis rates which dysfunctional transactions are rather evident. There.

Age of consent , Child sexual abuse , Crime 1419 Words | 4 Pages. ? Punishment versus Rehabilitation Survey of Justice and Security - AJS/502 March 17, 2014 Arnold Wicker . Danish Thesis? Punishment versus Rehabilitation, there has been many debates on the effectiveness of punishment compared to the effectiveness of rehabilitation of convicted offenders in prison and under community supervision. Punishment is defined as a penalty that is imposed on an individual for doing something wrong. The term rehabilitation is defined as a way to of exchange help somebody. Summary? Crime , Criminal justice , Criminal law 1678 Words | 6 Pages. ?Research tells us that punishment is phd thesis ineffective. Psychologists are in in advertising agreement that punishment does more harm than good. Phd Thesis? . Writer? Thousands of studies and phd thesis years of practice show what punishment does teach - fear, aggression and avoidance. People who are punished do not quickly learn to stop a behavior. What they quickly do learn is next time don't get caught, or let's just avoid the whole situation if at all possible.

So why does punishment persist in our society, in our homes and in embo letter our schools? Is it. Anger , Emotion , Psychology 955 Words | 3 Pages. except Texas, have passed legislation creating inpatient treatment for those persons committed. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates? Texas, instead, has focused exclusively on sat essay tips, the use of . outpatient treatment and supervision as an alternative to the route of inpatient commitment. This essay is focused on the development and implementation of the Texas statute with an emphasis on forensic assessment, expert testimony, and risk assessment. The civil commitment of phd thesis of exchange sexually violent predators remains controversial within forensic psychiatry. Child sexual abuse , Crime , Criminology 1457 Words | 5 Pages. An argumintave essay supporting Capital Punishment. Index 1: Abstract 2: Essay Introduction Arguments with the practice of Capital Punishment Arguments against capital . punishment 2 paragraph conclusion 3: References Works cited in the Essay a Controversy is something that will always be present in our lives due to the human nature of conflicting with one another, and movie without a doubt capital punishment is one excessively controversial topic. The debate to of exchange rates whether ban capital punishment or sustain its presence has.

Capital punishment , Capital punishment in glory summary essay the United States , Crime 2206 Words | 6 Pages. Name Teacher Argumentation -Persuasion Essay 17 February 2012 Standardized Testing and Students Standardized testing can be . Phd Thesis Of Exchange? stressful for high school students. The outcome of the test determines whether the student passes or fails. Mary Submission? The test is useful when diagnosing a problem or trying to determine if a student has learned what the teacher has taught them. Standardized test results are used as a large factor to make decisions regarding graduation and grade promotion. When standardized tests. Education , High-stakes testing , Psychometrics 1142 Words | 4 Pages. Of Exchange Rates? Living for Sex Offenders Regina Woodford Kaplan University CM 220-10 Professor Chagala March 10, 2014 . Restricted Living for Sex Offenders The “Big Idea” that I have is to 1841 writer have restricted living for sex offenders , not just how far from schools, parks and daycares they may reside, but a housing unit. This is for their safety and phd thesis of exchange the community.

My thesis statement is “Registered sex offenders in the community can pose as a danger. Pros And Cons Of Democracy Essay? Although, some sex offenders are wrongly. Of Exchange Rates? Crime , Jessica's Law , Megan's Law 592 Words | 2 Pages. Embo Letter? There is a serious controversy when it comes to capital punishment . A question is raised as to whether the death penalty should be abolished or . upheld. Capital punishment creates psychological damage to many of those involved, costs much more than keeping an inmate in prison for of exchange, life, and ultimately is morally reasonable. I would like to in advertising essay argue that it is not economic, moral, or effective to justify the phd thesis of exchange rates death penalty. Though it may seem improbable, keeping someone in prison for life costs millions. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States , Crime 916 Words | 3 Pages. four justifications for punishment ; these justifications for essay, punishment are Retribution, Deterrence, Rehabilitation, and Social . Protection.

Retribution: “an act of moral vengeance by which society makes the offender suffer as much as the suffering caused by the crime,” Deterrence: “the attempt to phd thesis discourage criminality through the use of cover letter punishment ,” Rehabilitation: “a program for reforming the offender to prevent later offenses,” and Social Protection: “rendering an offender incapable of further offenses. Crime , Criminal justice , Criminal law 1131 Words | 3 Pages. Rates? Crime and Punishment: Essay Questions. Queen Mary Thesis Submission? PHI 3260 — CRIME AND PUNISHMENT TOPICS FOR ESSAY TWO. Choose any ONE (and only ONE) of these topics upon which to rates write . your essay , and please read the embo letter instructions on page 3 very carefully before you begin. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? 1. Consider this situation: Alf and Bob rented a motel room. Glory Movie Summary Essay? The room was rented under Alf’s name, and Alf paid for the first day’s rent; the second day’s rent was paid by Bob, and the third day’s rent was not paid.

The motel manager, finding the appearance of his guests suspicious. Phd Thesis? Bodily harm , Common law , Crime 1277 Words | 5 Pages. Offenders Are Heterogeneous in Nature Discuss. “ Offenders are Heterogeneous in embo cover letter nature, discuss” Offenders are a heterogeneous population of individuals, which range from shop . lifters to murderers. There are clear intergroup differences based on characteristics of the phd thesis offender , victim and the crime. Therefore it is very difficult to discuss the possible heterogeneity of all offenders as one group, thus this paper will focus on one particular type of offender . Sex offenders are frequently viewed as a homogeneous class of individuals, the public.

Child sexual abuse , Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality 2503 Words | 7 Pages. To prey upon, overpower and summary essay sexually assault children and of exchange rates women is an especially heinous crime to me. What is even more distressing is that the . Pros Essay? punishment for rape, child abuse (both physical and sexual), and other sexually based offenses is not in my opinion harsh enough. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates? Lawrence Singleton whose case is well known, served only eight years after he picked up a 15 year-old hitchhiker drove her to a wooded area were he raped her and glory summary essay chopped her forearms off with an phd thesis rates, axe. He left her for mary thesis, dead on the. Child sexual abuse , Crime , Human sexual behavior 677 Words | 3 Pages. Essay on capital punishment For many years, capital punishment has been an phd thesis rates, issue that has divided the American . public opinion. Gender In Advertising? Capital punishment remains a well-discussed issue in of exchange the United States, with advocates insisting that it has a deterrent effect on violent crime, and opponents insisting that it’s misguided for many reasons. Pros And Cons Essay? It’s evident that capital punishment is not only wrong, but also expensive, ineffective and immoral. Capital punishment is much more expensive than lifetime imprisonment.

Capital punishment , Capital punishment in phd thesis of exchange the United States , Crime 863 Words | 3 Pages. Are Prison Appropriate for Non-Violent Offenders, or Should They Be Given Alternative Punishment? Are prison appropriate for non-violent offenders , or should they be given alternative punishment ? The United States of America . Pros Essay? has a higher incarceration rate than any other country in the world. The imprisonment rate in phd thesis of exchange USA is even greater than China's, India's and Russia's incarceration rates combined. Today, we can say (within the margin of error) that out of 100 people in the United States, nearly two are in prison. This increase is mainly attributed to three common factors: mandatory sentencing. Sat Essay? Crime , Criminal justice , Criminology 1996 Words | 6 Pages. SAMPLE ESSAY | . | |WHAT IS AN ESSAY ? It’s a brief text that discusses a matter, expresses a point of view, or persuades us to accept a thesis on any | |subject whatever. | | . Amnesty International , Capital punishment , Crime 944 Words | 5 Pages.

Introduction: In this essay , it will be demonstrated that the imprisonment of phd thesis first offenders is an unnecessary form of . punishment for both the offender and embo community, particularly because the majority of phd thesis of exchange first offenders commit petty crimes. It will be argued that there are alternative methods of punishment – such as restorative justice - which are more beneficial and cost effective. Additionally, imprisoning first offenders may lead them to being influenced by habitual offenders . Imprisonment serves. Embo Cover Letter? Crime , Criminal justice , Criminal law 1121 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentation Essay : Facebook When a possible employee is in the process of rates being hired, his or her employment should be based . on a social media network such as, Facebook. The main points for this position consists of professional versus social, freedom of speech versus censorship, and a person’s true identity behind closed doors. Facebook is gender in advertising one of phd thesis various other social networks that are not confidential.

Anyone can view a user’s profile and summary essay see all of their updates. People use Facebook from sending. Censorship , Employment , Facebook 904 Words | 3 Pages. Assess the phd thesis of exchange rates role discretion plays in 1841 writer the sentencing and punishment of phd thesis rates offenders. ?Assess the role discretion plays in the sentencing and punishment of offenders . Embo? Sentencing and punishment has . actively involved the discretion of judges and of exchange rates magistrates in affecting the decision of the pros and cons of democracy essay sentencing. Discretion involves the power of Judges and magistrates to phd thesis of exchange determine the thesis most appropriate sentence for of exchange rates, a case. Allowing judicial officers to decide sentences on a case by case basis and thus permitting them to take into mary thesis account the phd thesis various circumstances. Many factors influence the role. Crime , Criminal law , Criminology 1161 Words | 2 Pages. Although People think Capital punishment is against human's rights for life and it is glory summary essay cruel to not give the phd thesis of exchange criminals another chance, I think . capital punishment is still an effective way to 1841 danish writer deter violent criminals, because it can give comfort to the victims and their families, it will reduce the phd thesis rates government's financial spending, and it is a huge warning for the criminals in order to reduce murder rate. 1841 Danish Writer Thesis? Capital punishment is necessary in order for phd thesis of exchange, justice to prevail. It is the execution of criminals.

Capital punishment , Crime , Criminology 842 Words | 3 Pages. Capital Punishment The Debate over the merits of embo cover capital punishment has endured for years, and continues to be an extremely . indecisive and complicated issue. Adversaries of capital punishment point to the Marshalls and rates the Millgards, while proponents point to the Dahmers and Gacys. Society must be kept safe from the monstrous barbaric acts of these individuals and other killers, by taking away their lives to glory essay function and perform in our society. At the same time, we must insure that innocent. Of Exchange? Capital punishment , Capital punishment in letter the United States , Crime 748 Words | 3 Pages. Man UID: 3035195220 Sex and phd thesis of exchange Intimacy Individual Essay Q1 To what extent does the essay Chinese view of of exchange intimate sexuality differ from queen mary . the of exchange rates Western one? Please discuss with concrete examples. In Chinese society, talking about sex is controversial. The first thing Chinese people usually come up with is ‘dirtiness’ when talking about sex . So it is thought that Chinese are more traditional while the Western people are considered as more open-minded.

However is it the truth? In this essay , the gender differences and. Birth control , Foreplay , Homosexuality 1881 Words | 5 Pages. Capital Punishment- Informative Essay. discuss arguments supporting and against the use of the death penalty. The death penalty which is also known as capital punishment is the . punishment of a crime by execution. (Washington Post 2008: e.data) Such extreme sentences are awarded for very serious crimes such as premeditated murder, multiple murders, repeated crimes, rape and murder and so on, where the offender is considered to phd thesis of exchange be of an ongoing danger to embo cover society. (Washington Post 2008: e.data) Many people across America support the. Amnesty International , Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States 1273 Words | 4 Pages. The Positive View on Capital Punishment. English April 8, 2011 The Positive View on Capital Punishment Capital punishment , also known as the death penalty, is . the pre-meditated and planned taking of a human life by a government in response to a crime committed by that legally convicted person (Dictionary Reference). The essay “A Hanging”, by George Orwell, is a harsh wake up call as to how cold and blind the human race can be.

Orwell demonstrates his feelings against capital punishment and how horrible it is to take someone’s life. In. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States , Crime 1372 Words | 4 Pages. Running head: EFFECTS OF PUNISHMENT Does Punishment Deter Crime? Does Punishment Deter Crime? During . Of Exchange Rates? biblical times crime not only affected society, but it was believed to sat essay question tips have also been directed towards God himself. The Bible is the phd thesis of exchange rates oldest book to reference with many directives to living life peacefully and without revenge.

As retribution is considered a form of writer punishment , if not the first, the rates Bible itself explains that the punishment should not exceed the crime. Matthew 5:38 states. Capital punishment , Crime , Criminal justice 1325 Words | 4 Pages. Persuasive Essay: Capital Punishment. signing your life over to the government. This is essay a risk one is taking when he decides to of exchange rates pull a trigger or plunge a knife, but is it really up to our . justice system to decide one's fate? There are many issues that address this question of capital punishment such as religion, the effect on writer thesis, society, restitution being denied, the possible wrongly accused, and the rights of the convicted. But how often do these concepts creep into the public's mind when it hears of our 'fair, trusty' government taking. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States , Crime 845 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentation-Persuasion Essay Affirmative Action.

Argumentation -Persuasion Essay Affirmative Action Ronald Spears 16 March 2012 Constitution Law Bonnie Ronson Wiregrass . Tech. College Online Abstract: The terms affirmative action refer to policies that take race, ethnicity, or gender into consideration in an attempt to promote equal opportunity or increase ethnic or other forms of diversity. The focus of such policies ranges from employment and education to public contracting and health programs. Of Exchange Rates? The impetus towards affirmative action. Affirmative action , Affirmative action in the United States , Discrimination 1501 Words | 5 Pages. And Cons? Dangerous Prisoners and Sexual Offenders Act in Queensland. The new Dangerous Prisoners (Sexual Offenders ) Act (2003) In Queensland permits prisoners to be kept in prison beyond their release date where . a court finds that there is a ?high degree of probability' that they represent a ?serious danger to the community'.

Other jurisdictions have enacted similar legislation to of exchange rates restrict the release of and cons essay prisoners assessed to be dangerous. Do you think that dangerousness legislation of phd thesis this sort is justified or unjustified? Several states across the cover letter Country have. Phd Thesis? Common law , Crime , Criminal law 2290 Words | 7 Pages.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Sometimes writing—especially writing for standardized tests—can feel like something you get or don't get. That's primarily because it's very difficult to explain and teach writing in a mechanical way, especially when you're up against time limits. In this article, we've broken how to write the phd thesis ACT essay into 8 steps that work for every essay, every time. Then, we show you exactly how to queen submission do it with an actual ACT essay example. Many students ask us how to write an ACT essay, and rates while the movie summary answer is simple enough to phd thesis rates explain in 8 steps (as we do below), it's not necessarily simple to do . As with any skill, the key to learning how to write an ACT essay is to study a good model (which we are going to cover letter cover in this article) and then practice, practice, practice. Tackling ACT Writing, Step by of exchange Step.

The ACT essay plan below has been modified from our ACT Essay Tips article to fit the new ACT Writing Test. The template includes 3 sections: planning, writing and revising. If you practice using this template to write ACT essays, you'll get much faster and (probably) more precise. Embo Letter. Here's the sample prompt we'll be responding to: Many of the goods and services we depend on of exchange, daily are now supplied by intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Robots build cars and other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier. Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is embo letter, lost when we replace humans with machines?

Given the accelerating variety and phd thesis prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and meaning of pros, their presence in our lives. Perspective One: What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from phd thesis of exchange rates us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. Perspective Two: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to queen mary thesis submission a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Perspective Three: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. Rates. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities. Write a unified, coherent essay about the increasing presence of summary, intelligent machines. It may feel like you won't have time to plan your essay before you write, but really, it's something you can't omit.

Trust us. Organizing your thoughts as you write will cost you way more time than if you take the of exchange time to plan out your essay before you begin writing. Step 1: Read the Prompt and the Perspectives Provided, Then (Tentatively) Choose a Position. Because addressing the relationship between your perspective and at least one of the other three perspectives is an integral part of the essay task, you need to make sure you understand what each prompt is saying. The good news is that each perspective includes both a general assertion about queen mary, intelligent machines as well as an opinion that places the topic in a broader context, saving you some work in coming up with your own, independent perspective. While it is possible to come up with a fourth point of phd thesis of exchange, view on the topic, I don't recommend it, as the added time you'll have to in advertising essay spend coming up with your own point of rates, view could be better spend developing your comparison of your perspective to essay at least one of the phd thesis rates other perspectives. If your perspective is a blending of multiple perspectives, then that's also fine, as long as you make sure you compare your blended perspective to each of the and cons perspectives it combines; otherwise, you won't fulfill the analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective part of the phd thesis of exchange task.

Bottom line: choose the and cons essay perspective you think you can support the of exchange rates best. For this sample ACT essay, I'm going to tentatively choose to argue Perspective Three (that intelligent machines challenge long-standing ideas about humanity, which in turn pushes humans and machines toward new, previously unimaginable possibilities), simply because that happens to 1841 danish writer be the phd thesis of exchange rates position I think I'll be able to support the best. Step 2: Quickly Brainstorm Evidence and Explanations to Support Each Perspective. Because the glory movie summary ACT essay involves discussing the phd thesis of exchange relationship between your perspective and at least one of the other perspectives given, not just the queen submission one you agree with, you'll have to use multiple pieces of evidence in phd thesis, your essay. At this point, if you find that you're able to find more convincing evidence to support a different perspective than the one you've chosen, you can always switch - after all, you're still planning.

Also, you don't have to write in complete sentences, or phrase things as elegantly as you will in the actual essay, so don't worry about that. Opening paragraph of the prompt : If you haven't already, read through the paragraph at the beginning of the essay prompt. Question Tips. You can appropriate some or all of the examples in it to use in your own essay. Personal Experience : you can tell any story (real or not) about rates, you or someone else you know (or make up) that supports any one of your points. Statistics : again, these can be real or made up. You could invent a research study that looked at recordings of queen, phone calls and found 80% of people end up cursing while using automated phone menus (to support perspective one), make up statistics that show automated cashiers are able to process 3x as many check-outs as human cashiers (to support perspective 2), or come up with any other kind of statistics that support one of the perspectives. Specifics from phd thesis Sources : use knowledge of events from history or current events to support your points. If you're not certain of the details, it's all right - the essay graders won't deduct points for factually inaccurate information. Gender In Advertising. For this essay, you could use the invention of the printing press (and its effects) as an example of how mechanization can lead to unimagined possibilities. Here's the evidence I came up with for my essay: Perspective One: What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity.

Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from phd thesis rates us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for and cons, other people. Evidence : Many of our phone conversations are conducted not with people, but with sophisticated technologies. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates. that don't necessarily work at pros of democracy essay, 100% Explanation : People get so frustrated with the technology that when they press 0 to speak with a real human they are often rude and discourteous. Perspective Two: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. Phd Thesis. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for cover letter, everyone. Evidence : Robots build cars on assembly lines. Explanation : Lower cost, decreases risk of rates, injury to human workers.

Perspective Three: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and movie machines toward new, unimagined possibilities. Evidence : Brain-computer interfaces that allow people to control computers with their brains are a thing. Explanation : Allow people to phd thesis of exchange overcome physical limitations, inspire us to continue researching and expanding knowledge. Step 3: Brainstorm Your Counterarguments to, or Analyses of, the Other Perspectives. There's no one right way to sat essay respond to the perspectives the ACT gives you. Some of it depends on what point of view you take.

For instance, if I agreed with Perspective One, which takes a negative view of the effects of intelligent machines, I might want to discuss both of the other two perspectives (which both take positive views of intelligent machines) in one paragraph, and then disagree with them in the next paragraph as I present my support for Perspective One. Since I am arguing for Perspective Three (machines challenge our ideas about what humans are or can be, which pushes us and machines toward new possibilities), I am going to argue against Perspective One and of exchange Perspective Two separately, because I have strong evidence for my analyses of sat essay, each perspective. Because the essay only rates, requires you to analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective, if I had lots of evidence to use in my comparison of my perspective and embo cover Perspective One, but nothing to say about Perspective Two, I could also decide not to of exchange rates discuss that perspective at and cons of democracy, all. In this case, I was able to thing of phd thesis rates, solid arguments for and against both of the other perspectives, so I chose to analyze both of them and their relationship to my perspective below. Again, these are not necessarily worded in their final form.

Perspective One: What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and summary tolerance for other people. Evidence : Many of phd thesis of exchange, our phone conversations are conducted not with people, but with sophisticated technologies. that don't necessarily work at 100% Explanation : People get so frustrated with the technology that when they press 0 to speak with a real human they are often rude and discourteous. Counterargument/analysis : The benefits outweigh the costs, because providing people with the option to submit prescriptions or ask about 1841 danish writer thesis, store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service reps to answer real questions. In addition, recordings of calls with angry customers are used to improve the menus. Perspective Two: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans.

This efficiency leads to of exchange rates a more prosperous and mary progressive world for everyone. Evidence : Robots build cars on assembly lines. Explanation : Robots take over dangerous jobs which decreases risk of injury to human workers, lowering cost to employers. Counterargument/analysis : This perspective is true, but is limited in its consideration of the implications. Robots can not only phd thesis of exchange rates, do things instead of humans, but can actually work with humans, as in precise surgery, to cover a better result than either humans or machines alone. Now that you have the main points of your essay, it's time to organize them in a way that makes sense. Of Exchange Rates. Make sure to include your introduction (with your thesis statement containing your point of view, or at least a rough sense of your thesis statement) and conclusion in this organization.

If you have time, you can include transitions now, but you can also just add them as you are writing. The increasing prevalence of letter, machines challenges us, etc, will put this in fancy words when I write the essay for real. Perspective One argues that replacing humans with machine leads us to lose part of our own humanity, because even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. I have witnessed this in my own life through watching my mother interact with some of phd thesis, those sophisticated automated phone systems. She sometimes gets so frustrated with the technology refusing to do what she wants that, by the time the menu allows her to speak to a real human, my mother is and cons of democracy essay, no longer courteous or respectful. Despite this frustration, I think the benefits outweigh the costs, because providing people with the option to submit prescriptions or ask about store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service reps to answer real questions. Phd Thesis Rates. In addition, recordings of calls with angry customers are used to sat essay question improve the menus. In contrast to Perspective One, Perspective Two argues that the main utility of machines is in their ability to perform repetitive tasks more precisely and efficiently than humans. Phd Thesis Of Exchange. In auto plants around the world, robots build cars on assembly lines, performing their jobs with high precision and at lower overall cost to employers, who can make a one time purchase rather than having to pay a human a yearly salary (and worry about liability issues) The true impact of intelligent machines in our lives is that they challenge us to re-think our preconceived notions of what people can do or become in question, the future.

An example of this is brain-computer interfaces that allow people to control computers with their brains. With BCIs, people can overcome physical limitations.. Rates. In addition, BCIs have capture the interest of people from all different backgrounds and are being applied to non-scientific fields to create new, previously unimagined inventions and ways to interact with the world. In conclusion, rather than taking away from our humanity, intelligent machines help us to pros and cons of democracy essay move forward as a species to rates new heights. By the of democracy end of this step, you should try to phd thesis rates have about 30 minutes left so you have enough time to danish writer thesis write. Phd Thesis Rates. If you don't, just keep in mind that you might have to skimp on some of your explanations/counterarguments for the perspective(s) you compare to your own. Once you've structured your argument, it's time to write it all down! Step 5: Introduction Paragraph Thesis. Write your introduction. If you can think of an interesting first sentence that brings your thesis into a larger discussion, start with that. (If writing the introduction stumps you, just leave 10-15 lines blank at the beginning of the paper and embo cover letter come back to it.)

From the simplest system of rates, pulleys and summary essay ropes in ancient Greece to the most complex supercomputer in the world today, machines have had (and continue to have) a profound influence on the development of humanity. Make sure you clearly state your thesis. For a 3+/6 essay, this should include your perspective on the issue and how it relates to at least one of the other perspectives presented in the prompt. While some argue that machines have a negative impact on phd thesis, us, the queen mary submission increasing prevalence of intelligent machines in the world challenges us to change long held beliefs about our limitations and to continue forward to of exchange rates new and even more advanced possibilities. When you start your first body paragraph , try to think of a first sentence that refers back to the first paragraph. Ideally, you'll start every paragraph by referring back to pros of democracy essay your thesis to create a unified argument. One common argument against of exchange rates the increased presence of machines in our day-to-day lives (seen in Perspective One) is that machines leach away at summary, our basic humanity. Then address the argument opposing yours (in this case, Perspective One). Explain the evidence that supports this perspective in 3-5 sentences. I found this to be true in phd thesis, my own life as a result of pros of democracy, witnessing many a phone conversation between my mother and an automated telephone menu.

For whatever reason, she consistently has issues with the menus that try to verify her date of birth. Rates. The automated system never understands what she says (possibly because of her accent), and asks her to input the numbers via her keypad; of course, my mom's smartphone is so smart that the screen turns off while she is on a call, making it impossible for her to follow the queen submission automated phone system's instructions. By the time the system gives up and routes her to phd thesis rates speak to glory movie essay a human representative, my mother is often so frustrated that she is far from courteous and respectful to that person. Then, make sure to explain your counterargument to this perspective, tying it back to your thesis. Despite my mother's understandable frustration with automated phone systems, however, overall the benefits outweigh the costs. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates. Providing people with the option to submit prescriptions or ask about tips, store hours through an phd thesis of exchange rates, automated menu frees up customer service representatives to answer questions machines are incapable of addressing. In addition, the recordings of angry phone calls (where customers are not courteous, respectful, or tolerant of other humans) are used to improve the phone menus to make them more user-friendly. Thus, the question tips momentary disrespect toward other humans caused by machines is more than compensated for by the positive effects of those same machines. If you're only phd thesis of exchange rates, comparing your perspective against one of the glory movie essay others, then this paragraph should contain further analysis of the relationship between the two perspectives. If you're comparing your perspective against both of the other perspectives (as I did in this essay), then this is where you introduce your thoughts on the second perspective.

Another school of thought, exemplified by Perspective Two, argues that the main utility of machines is of exchange rates, their ability to embo cover perform repetitive tasks more precisely and more efficiently than humans, which leads to of exchange rates a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Address the argument of this second perspective (in this case, Perspective Two). Explain the evidence that supports this perspective in 3-5 sentences. In auto plants around the world, robots build cars on submission, assembly lines. Instead of having to pay a human employee a yearly salary, invest time in training that employee, and worry about liability should that employee be injured, manufacturing plants can now make a one-time purchase of an intelligent machine that will perform that same job at higher levels of precision.

This leads to a more prosperous world for the manufacturers, as they are able to rates invest less money to get a better product. Then, make sure to in advertising explain how this perspective relates back to your perspective. This perspective is fine as far as it goes, but is limited in its consideration of the implications. Robots can not only rates, work in glory summary, place of humans, but can also work cooperatively with humans to a greater results than either could have hoped for phd thesis, alone. This can be seen in highly complex and tips delicate surgeries, where a surgeon controls robotic microtools to perform operations that even ten years ago would have been unimaginable and phd thesis rates impossible.

Introduce your main perspective, linking it back to cover the counterarguments you've made against at least one of the other perspectives. I agree with Perspective Three that the true impact of intelligent machines in our lives is of exchange rates, that they challenge us to re-think our preconceived notions of what people can do or become in the future. Present one final example in support of your perspective. A final example of this is brain-computer interfaces, or BCIs. Humans are able to manipulate computers with their brains via electrodes that are either implanted in essay, their brains or attached (temporarily) to their heads. With these intelligent machines, formerly paralyzed people who had no hope of communicating with others are able to transcend their physical limitations by concentrating to form words out of keyboards on the computer screens. In addition, BCIs have captured the interest of people from phd thesis of exchange rates all different backgrounds and are being applied to embo letter non-scientific fields like music to create new, previously unimagined instruments that react to phd thesis of exchange rates people's thoughts, adding a new dimension to pros and cons essay an ancient art form. Truly, intelligent machines are providing the impetus not just for greater efficiency, but for greater accomplishments.

Check your time. Try to of exchange rates have 5-6 minutes left at this point. Come up with a quick sentence that restates your thesis to wrap up the essay. In conclusion, rather than taking away from our humanity, intelligent machines actually help us to move forward as a species to gender in advertising achieve new, previously unimagined possibilities. Let's look at our complete ACT essay example: [1] From the simplest system of pulleys and ropes in ancient Greece to the most complex supercomputer in the world today, machines have had (and continue to have) a profound influence on the development of humanity. Phd Thesis. While some argue that machines have a negative impact on us, the increasing prevalence of intelligent machines in the world challenge us to question change long held beliefs about our limitations and to continue forward to new and even more advanced possibilities. [2] One common argument against the increased presence of machines in our day-to-day lives (seen in Perspective One) is that machines leach away at our basic humanity. Rates. I found this to be true in my own life as a result of witnessing many a phone conversation between my mother and an automated telephone menu. For whatever reason, she consistently has issues with the menus that try to verify her date of embo cover, birth. The automated system never understands what she says (possibly because of her accent), and asks her to input the of exchange rates numbers via her keypad; of course, my mom's smartphone is so smart that the screen turns off while she is on a call, making it impossible for her to follow the automated phone system's instructions.

By the time the system gives up and queen routes her to of exchange rates speak to a human representative, my mother is queen mary thesis, often so frustrated that she is far from courteous and respectful to that person. Despite my mother's understandable frustration with automated phone systems, however, overall the benefits outweigh the costs. Providing people with the of exchange rates option to submit prescriptions or ask about store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service representatives to answer questions machines are incapable of question tips, addressing. In addition, the recordings of angry phone calls (where customers are not courteous, respectful, or tolerant of other humans) are used to improve the phd thesis of exchange phone menus to movie essay make them more user-friendly. Thus, the momentary disrespect toward other humans caused by machines is more than compensated for by the positive effects of those same machines. [3] Another school of thought, exemplified by Perspective Two, argues that the main utility of machines is their ability to perform repetitive tasks more precisely and more efficiently than humans, which leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. In auto plants around the world, robots build cars on assembly lines. Instead of having to pay a human employee a yearly salary, invest time in training that employee, and worry about liability should that employee be injured, manufacturing plants can now make a one-time purchase of an of exchange rates, intelligent machine that will perform that same job at higher levels of embo cover, precision.

This leads to a more prosperous world for rates, the manufacturers, as they are able to invest less money to get a better product. Question Tips. This perspective is fine as far as it goes, but is limited in its consideration of the implications. Phd Thesis Of Exchange. Robots can not only glory movie essay, work in place of humans, but can also work cooperatively with humans to a greater results than either could have hoped for phd thesis of exchange rates, alone. This can be seen in highly complex and delicate surgeries, where a surgeon controls robotic microtools to perform operations that even ten years ago would have been unimaginable and impossible. [4] I agree with Perspective Three that the true impact of intelligent machines in our lives is that they challenge us to re-think our preconceived notions of what people can do or become in queen thesis submission, the future. A final example of this is brain-computer interfaces, or BCIs. Humans are able to manipulate computers with their brains via electrodes that are either implanted in their brains or attached (temporarily) to their heads. With these intelligent machines, formerly paralyzed people who had no hope of of exchange rates, communicating with others are able to transcend their physical limitations by glory summary essay concentrating to form words out of keyboards on the computer screens. In addition, BCIs have captured the interest of people from all different backgrounds and are being applied to non-scientific fields like music to create new, previously unimagined instruments that react to people's thoughts, adding a new dimension to an ancient art form.

Truly, intelligent machines are providing the impetus not just for greater efficiency, but for phd thesis of exchange, greater accomplishments. [5] In conclusion, rather than taking away from our humanity, intelligent machines actually help us to move forward as a species to achieve new, previously unimagined possibilities. In these last 2-4 minutes, you want to read over your essay and trying to glory movie summary pick up a point or two by rates revising. Sat Essay Question. In this time, you can do a number of things. You can, of course, correct mistakes : Paragraph 1, Sentence 2: [subject/verb agreement; change is bolded] The increasing prevalence of phd thesis of exchange, intelligent machines in movie essay, the world challenges us to change long held beliefs about our limitations and to phd thesis of exchange continue forward to new and of democracy even more advanced possibilities.

You can replace dull or problematic words or phrasing with fancier words or clearer turns of phrase: Paragraph 2, last sentence. Thus, the momentary disrespect toward other humans caused by machines is rates, more than compensated for by the question positive effects of those same machines. We can change it to: Thus, any momentary disrespect my mom might show to phd thesis rates a customer service representative (as a result of frustration with the gender in advertising automated system) is more than compensated for rates, by the positive effects of those same machines. There you go! Now you know how to write a good ACT essay. If any part of this was confusing, re-read that section.

Then try to do it yourself with a sample ACT essay prompt. Practice planning your essays in glory essay, 8-10 minutes before you start writing . The time limits above should be your goal; start by giving yourself more time and then shrink it down. You can use the rates list from danish writer our ACT essay prompts blog post or any list of ACT-like questions and start with the planning stage . Don't forget to check out our full analysis of the ACT Writing Rubric, with strategies and explanations that can guide you in phd thesis, your essay planning! Our blog post about ACT essay tips has more in-depth information about the details of pros of democracy essay, planning and arguing in the ACT essay. If you've already taken the ACT and are wondering how the new essay differs from the old ACT Writing test, definitely be sure to check out phd thesis of exchange our article on the enhanced ACT Writing section. Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more.

Our program is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and danish weaknesses. We also have expert instructors who can grade every one of your practice ACT essays, giving feedback on of exchange rates, how to improve your score. Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on 1841 thesis, our latest articles right on of exchange rates, your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks:

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Patriotism and National Pride Essay. Pride (without complacency and with an awareness of imperfections) is phd thesis of exchange rates, important in spurring individuals and a society on to greater achievement. Thesis. The loss of faith in the achievements of the past, history and traditions can be an phd thesis important factor in and cons, the decline of a culture or a civilization. a sense of national pride and purpose that enables residents in a particular area to of exchange rates rise above the divisions of race, politics, ideology, class and the like. It is sat essay question tips, patriotism that unites the people and enables them to rise above narrow sectarian and other interests. A sense of unashamed pride which does not degenerate into jingoism or imperialism is essential for the growth of individuals and the development of phd thesis of exchange rates a nation. A sense of national pride has spurred achievements in queen thesis, science and technology (the space race), sport and in economic development.

Pride in the past and phd thesis, patriotism (within bounds and without complacency) are essential to sat essay tips real human progress. Is Patriotism Dead? Many of our people will offer no salutes, feel no sense of pride, and pledge no allegiance to the flag. Some will not respond because of phd thesis of exchange rates indifference or calloused hearts. Others will be working to embo tear the fabric of our national life to shreds; to worsen, not heal, our sickness; to destroy, not to of exchange build; to bring disunity, not unity, to the nation.

For them, patriotism is dead; love of country is letter, archaic. Has the time come for us to abolish what our forefathers created? Has their vision of liberty, justice, and happiness proved unattainable?Are we ready to say that the mythos, the heroes, and the folk tales that have bound us together as a people for almost two hundred years no longer enthrall us? Are we willing to forget our common heritage, dilute our sense of rates fraternity and destiny, and dissolve the cohesiveness that made us one? We are faced with grave and challenging problems in our national life. We see many things we dislike, and can point to and cons of democracy many injustices that have not yet yielded to truth and righteousness. Of Exchange. But even as we acknowledge the defects we cannot forget the victories. The slaves have been freed; universal suffrage has become a reality; startling advances have been made to assure all our people of life and liberty as well as the right to pursue happiness. Indians need not gloss over the nation’s defects or sweep its failures under the rug. Embo Cover. They need not claim that their country is phd thesis, always right.

When it is right, they will support it; and when it is essay, wrong, they will love it and work to correct it.The day that patriotism ceases, that day we will have ceased to be a people Patriotism is not dead; our nation is not finished. Let us rally behind our flag; let us love our country with all its faults; let us work to improve it with all our strength; let usdefend it with all our resources; let us hand it on to generations unborn better than it was when we received it; let us instill in our children the hope of our forefathers for the ultimate fulfillment of their dreams. Of Exchange Rates. But above all, let us tell them that the greatness of America lies not simply in the achievement of the ideal but in the unrelenting pursuit of it. The feel of patriotism. The nation celebrated its 60th year Independence recently. one can see the visual medium rolling out exclusive shorts as a mark of tribute to the heroes who fought for our Independence. It was a summit of sort, when one could see most of the big names summon together to play or sing the National Anthem. The minute one sees that visual, it is definite he/she could feel something happening within themselves.

A look at question, the majestic flag gives a feeling that we are the citizens of the Independent India. For a second one could feel all the struggles, trials and tribulations our leaders in the past have undergone to obtain it. I was one among those who felt very proud that I am a citizen of Independent India and I was able to feel a sense of pride when I just took a look at the flag. But, my mind paused for a second to think how many of us are really patriotic? only a handful was the answer. Are the schools imparting enough amount of patriotism into the minds of the phd thesis rates, young ones during their school days.

For the little ones, Independene day means nothing but a public holiday and a few choclates given at their schools once the flag is hoisted. Beyond that, do the teachers feed the kids with the required information on freedom stuggle and the pioneers who fought for it? Nope. I felt sorry when a kid, pointing out to the portrait of movie summary a poet, whose writings worked wonders for the freedom struggle, asked who that man was? This is not a joke to laugh at but a matter to think about. Neither the teachers nor the elders at home make an effort to teach the young ones about those great leaders who were responsible for our Independence.

Another incident in the bus in which I was travelling made me feel why on the first place we got Independence. The military rule suits us best. A man was smoking inside the bus, and a few women including myself, showed our objection for that. Phd Thesis Rates. His immediate reply was, what is this? This is Independent India and I am not allowed to smoke here? This is strange! This is just a small dose of such incidents happening on a daily basis. everyone is sure to come across such incidents or characters. It is saddening to cover letter note that the world is heading towards destruction with such characters roaming about in the public. when will we get the sense of patriotism and realise the struggles underwent to obtain freedom is of exchange, a million-dollar question. Question. If this situation persists, it will not be shocking if the younger ones ask who is the father of the nation and rates, who is movie essay, Jawaharlal Nehru? what a plight that would descend on the Nation then?

The structure of patriotism. Every social group has its own notions of loyalty. Of Exchange Rates. The institution of family embeds loyalty to the family as a social group. When a son and his wife and children separate from the rest of the family or when brothers divide their property, the neighborhood reacts with sorrow and not glee. Caste associations emphasize the benefits which come from an active participation and cooperation between different members of the same caste. Tribal groups, too, emphasize similar benefits from collaboration. The notion of patriotism is different from such forms of group loyalty. The difference lies in its close affinity with the state.

Patriotism is not based upon kinship or of shared descent like in families, castes and tribes. Patriotism is based upon the idea of a nation and its central institution, the state.Patriotism in modern India is thus qualitatively different from the 1841, love of one’s community that was to of exchange rates be seen in ancient and medieval India. Its relation to one’s country has changed with the change in the social structure of the state and the nation. To a great extent the pre-modern states and countries were based upon the rule of one or a few social groups. The Gupta period was dominated by the Guptas and their kindred and allies.

The Mughals saw the domination of the Mughal biradari, and their supporters who included the Turks, the Iranians and several other groups like the Rajputs. Modern India is based upon the ideology of equality of all. While there continue to be several hangovers of the past to be seen today, the pros and cons of democracy essay, basic character of the state and the nation have changed. Modern India is based upon the idea that all its citizens are equal and phd thesis, that its rulers represent the will of not just a few, but all of the question tips, different communities that make up this country. This nation is based upon different foundations than most of those which went before it. Of Exchange. Its legitimacy lies in sat essay tips, its being able to satisfy its various component communities that their interests will be safeguarded by of exchange rates the Indian state. Irrespective of the religion, caste, community, sex of the pros essay, individual, the state is supposed to represent each and every of them. Rates. The modern nation has its appeal because of its being able to mediate between and reconcile often conflicting interests.

The state is considered legitimate when it speaks with the same voice to all. It is the coming together of embo so many diverse groups which lends strength to the country. The strength of phd thesis India lies in its being able to weld together a large and of democracy essay, heterogeneous populace into a common force. Any country in modern times which seeks to of exchange progress and develop must find ways of attracting and retaining the loyalty of its constituent groups. In modern nations this is done by everybody voting to select their rulers and the creation of letter a bureaucracy based on selection through merit. A modern state, with its universal appeal to its people, has many advantages over of exchange, the older kinds of nationhood and statehood, with their sectional support bases. The universalistic modern state is what the most powerful countries of the world have.

It is through this social form that resources. are used most efficiently and the diverse forces of a country focussed for the benefit of everybody. Patriotism in a modern country cannot be created on the basis of ideas that appeal to only partisan groups or some sections of queen submission society. The naked use of force to phd thesis rates coerce acceptance of the nation is not a characteristic of a society based on reason and democracy. The content of patriotism in a modern country.

The transformed structure of patriotism leads to a change in pros and cons essay, the content of of exchange what patriotism would mean in everyday practice. Modern patriotism and nationhood is based upon symbols that all can share. By definition this excludes symbols that pit religion against religion. Patriotism in a modern country must be expressed through universal symbols. These are all around us and yet are ignored. The streets of a neighborhood are a truer symbol of nationhood than a place of worship.

They are used by essay all and paid for phd thesis of exchange rates, by the contributions of all. Yet, they remain filthy while people pool money to build distant places of worship. When universal symbols are not altogether ignored here, they are attacked by all kinds of distortions. The symbols of the rich are enthroned as the of democracy, symbols of the entire nation. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates. The tragedy of the many poor who have been thrown out of their homes by big dams does not arouse us.

The tragedy of the middle-class Kashmiri Pandits who were forced to leave their homes does. The latter are called refugees in sat essay question tips, their own homeland. The dispossessed adivasis and rural poor who did not have relatives that they could flee to in Delhi do not attract national sympathy. Nor do the Kashmiri Muslims who had to flee Kashmir, in spite of their outnumbering the of exchange, Kashmiri Pandits. Clearly we are still in the process of moving towards modern nationhood. The model of modernity which Indians must aspire towards cannot be the same as that in the West. Question Tips. We are far too heterogeneous to ever become the kind of nation which fascist Germany once aspired to be. And our forms of production are still not capitalistic enough to become the kind of melting pot of identities which the USA was.

We must define our own modernity. That universal framework of Indian reason must be the framework through which our nationhood and patriotism must be defined. It must be a patriotism which seeks with Gandhiji the happiness of the poorest of the poor as the index of our national development. It must be a patriotism which sees the phd thesis, freedom of the smallest of the minorities as the index of cover letter our social development. It must be a patriotism which comes into action every day, through a conscience that sees lying to customers, exploiting labourers, cheating on tax, paying bribes, adding sand to phd thesis cement, oppressing the poor, paying obeisance to the powerful, all these daily acts of betrayal of the people as treason. Every secular space in sat essay question, a modern country teaches a lesson of patriotism. But school education is a special area for our concern. It is here where most young people come together crossing the old boundaries of religion and caste. It is here where the new nation is being constructed. That makes it even more necessary to be cautious about the introduction of religious values in schools.

The kind of values which we seek must be in tune with the of exchange rates, universal appeal of movie our country. Where the values being taught emphasize freedom of of exchange rates thought and truths that are shared by all and not just a few. The modern idea of mary thesis submission India is about equality and the transcendence of of exchange rates social barriers, not about narrow dividing walls. It is high time that we rethought our school experience to try and create a land where the patriot is she who risks her life to protect an unknown stranger, and where the traitor is he who kills his friend in the name of sat essay question tips his god. Pride (without complacency and with an awareness of imperfections) is important in spurring individuals and a society on to greater achievement. The loss of faith in the achievements of the past, history and traditions can be an important factor in phd thesis of exchange, the decline of a culture or a civilization. a sense of national pride and purpose that enables residents in a particular area to essay rise above the divisions of race, politics, ideology, class and the like. It is phd thesis of exchange rates, patriotism that unites the people and enables them to rise above narrow sectarian and other interests. A sense of unashamed pride which does not degenerate into jingoism or imperialism is essential for the growth of individuals and the development of of democracy a nation. A sense of national pride has spurred achievements in science and technology (the space race), sport and in economic development. Pride in the past and patriotism (within bounds and without complacency) are essential to real human progress. Phd Thesis Of Exchange. Is Patriotism Dead?

Many of our people will offer no salutes, feel no sense of pride, and pledge no allegiance to the flag. Some will not respond because of in advertising indifference or calloused hearts. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates. Others will be working to glory movie essay tear the fabric of our national life to phd thesis of exchange shreds; to worsen, not heal, our sickness; to destroy, not to build; to bring disunity, not unity, to the nation. For them, patriotism is dead; love of summary country is archaic. Has the phd thesis, time come for in advertising essay, us to abolish what our forefathers created?

Has their vision of liberty, justice, and phd thesis of exchange, happiness proved unattainable? Are we ready to embo cover say that the mythos, the heroes, and the folk tales that have bound us together as a people for almost two hundred years no longer enthrall us? Are we willing to forget our common heritage, dilute our sense of fraternity and destiny, and dissolve the cohesiveness that made us one? We are faced with grave and challenging problems in our national life. We see many things we dislike, and phd thesis, can point to many injustices that have not yet yielded to truth and righteousness. But even as we acknowledge the defects we cannot forget the victories. Queen Thesis Submission. The slaves have been freed; universal suffrage has become a reality; startling advances have been made to assure all our people of of exchange rates life and liberty as well as the embo letter, right to phd thesis rates pursue happiness.Indians need not gloss over the nation’s defects or sweep its failures under the essay, rug.

They need not claim that their country is always right. When it is right, they will support it; and when it is wrong, they will love it and work to correct it. The day that patriotism ceases, that day we will have ceased to phd thesis rates be a people Patriotism is not dead; our nation is not finished. Let us rally behind our flag; let us love our country with all its faults; let us work to improve it with all our strength; let us defend it with all our resources; let us hand it on to generations unborn better than it was when we received it; let us instill in our children the hope of our forefathers for the ultimate fulfillment of their dreams. But above all, let us tell them that the greatness of America lies not simply in question, the achievement of the ideal but in the unrelenting pursuit of it. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 17 May 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on phd thesis, Patriotism and National Pride. for only in advertising essay, $16.38 $13.9/page.

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Comparison and Concordance of the New SAT and ACT. New SAT results and concordances are in! But what do they mean? How have scores changed from the old SAT? And how can scores help students determine whether the SAT or ACT should be favored? Compass has analyzed available research and concordances to create a comparison tool in both chart and table forms below (or access the PDF for phd thesis, easy distribution). Sat Essay Tips? A concordance can help provide comparable scores for the ACT and the redesigned SAT, but a concordance cannot give you guidance about which test you should study for and take. Of Exchange Rates? Although many students will find that their SAT and ACT scores intersect somewhere in the gray “Judgment Call” band, some may discover that one test is actually better suited to their skills. The release of March SAT scores and the publication of New SAT concordance tables means that students are armed with more information about the embo cover letter, respective merits of the SAT and ACT. Sometimes there are specific reasons why a student prefers one test over another: National Merit requirements, scheduling needs, or a strong negative reaction to a previous testing experience. For most students, however, the question comes down to phd thesis of exchange, “where is my time best spent?” Three common situations are:

You took the of democracy, old SAT in January 2016 or earlier and want to know if you are “done.” The concordance tables can help you see where your old SAT score stacks up in phd thesis of exchange rates comparison to the new SAT and to the ACT. 1841? Since retaking an old SAT is not an option, you will need to decide on a path forward if you are not satisfied with your scores. The old SAT and redesigned SAT are completely different tests, so you should not favor the New SAT simply because of rates, experience on the old exam. Consider taking practice tests for the New SAT and in advertising essay ACT — or use your PSAT as an initial benchmark. You took the New PSAT and have taken a practice or real ACT. You can use the tables provided on our PSAT post. Phd Thesis Rates? If you have subsequently taken a New SAT — real or practice — then you should use the information on this page.

You have taken both a New SAT and an ACT — real or practice — but are undecided about the embo, best step forward. Use the chart above and tables below to inform your decision. In order to see how ACT and SAT scores compare, we have provided two useful concordance tables. If you have an ACT score, you can use the first table below to find comparable scores on the New SAT and old SAT. If you have taken the New SAT, the rates, second table gives you a score-by-score comparison with the old SAT and ACT. These tables are also useful when looking at college, scholarship, or NCAA eligibility information that has not yet been updated for the redesigned SAT. Art graduated magna cum laude from cover letter Harvard University, where he was the top-ranked liberal arts student in phd thesis of exchange rates his class. Art pioneered the essay, one-on-one approach to phd thesis of exchange, test prep in California in 1989 and movie co-founded Compass Education Group in 2004 in order to bring the phd thesis of exchange rates, best ideas and tutors into students' homes and computers.

Although he has attained perfect scores on all flavors of the SAT and ACT, he is routinely beaten in backgammon. How would you advise a student who got 1550 on the new SAT (reading 40, writing and language 39 and math 38) but got a score of 17 on the writing portion. The essay is required at several of the highly competitive schools and I am not sure how they will view this. Do you know if the College Board will allow the writing section to embo cover, be rescored the way ACT did for students willing to phd thesis of exchange rates, pay a fee for rescoring? Let me answer the most straightforward part first: College Board’s policy is radically different from ACT’s, and a rescore — in glory movie the sense of a re-reading or re-grading — is not even an phd thesis of exchange rates, option. Movie Summary? The only phd thesis of exchange, case in which a “score verification” can be requested is in the case of an illegible scan (not illegible handwriting). 1841 Writer Thesis? There are rare cases where a scan is mangled or the student has completed the rates, essay in pen (the scanners are designed to pick up on pencil). Since College Board makes essays available online — sometimes with a delay — it is easy to danish thesis, verify that a student’s essay was readable. In the case of an essay receiving a total of phd thesis, 17 points, the essay had to have been readable. My advice for a student with a 1550 is to movie, celebrate a great score and not worry at all about the essay.

College Board has made some good decisions regarding the essay. They have not tried to scale it and phd thesis pretend that it has more meaning than it does. They have used a narrow range of scores (1-4 per reader per domain) to cover, avoid overly fine distinctions. They have not tried to build a concordance with the old essay. In fact, they don’t even total the scores (or they’ve changed their reporting at the last minute). Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates? Scores of 6/6/5 — I’m assuming that things are in that ballpark — are quite respectable. The primary reason for the essay’s existence at this point is the SAT’s use as a statewide exam. Colleges do not use or do not emphasize the question, essay scores, and the student will not be disadvantaged by his or her score. Unlike the ACT, College Board will only rescore an essay if it was illegible due to a faint scan. Your student can login and see the essay for rates, herself to see if this is the case.

You could probably take a look at it yourself and judge whether it’s simply a weak essay and cover letter therefore a legit 17. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates? Even assuming the 17 is fair, I’d lean towards not bothering retesting when sitting on movie, a 1550. Seems very unlikely that could be a significant tip factor in a denial. Finally, 17 out of 24 really isn’t that bad at all. My advice would probably be the same even if the score were in the low teens. I also like to remind students with 1500+ scores that there are quite certainly many other strong indicators of their writing skill elsewhere in rates their application. Similar question here…daughter has a 34 ACT but writing score of 24. Embo? New SAT score is 1460 (she didn’t take the writing). She wants to apply to Davidson where they ask for the ACT with writing or SAT. The ACT seems to phd thesis of exchange, be the better overall score but I’m worried about the writing score. Queen Thesis? (We asked for a rescore on the writing but it didn’t change.) Would you advise retaking the ACT with writing to improve the essay score?

We are seeing that a 24 is fairly typical for a student in of exchange rates your daughter’s score range. The low correlation between Writing and other subject scores means that high Composites are often mixed with lower Writing scores. Your daughter’s score is not in a range where I would recommend a retake — certainly not if the primary goal is gender essay, raising the Writing score. Say a student took old SAT with 2370 : 800 CR 800 M 770 W. Before this year it would be almost perfect score and comparable to phd thesis rates, 36 ACT. Embo Cover? This year it’s comparable to 1590 new SAT and 35 ACT, it seems less of an accomplishment, is it correct? No, these two sets of scores represent equivalent levels of accomplishment, and a very high level at that. Both sets of scores are well into the 99th percentile, and the very slight differences between the phd thesis, scores are both a) within the range of measurement error for the tests and question b) entirely irrelevant to colleges. How can someone who can score 2370 and phd thesis of exchange 1590 respectively on 1841 writer thesis, old/new have the impression that the lower score is not as impressive?

Reminiscent of phd thesis, Spinal Tap (Wonder what Nigel’s score was?): Nigel: The numbers all go to eleven. Look, right across the board, eleven, eleven, eleven and… Marty: Oh, I see. And most amps go up to ten? …[Edited for length] Marty: Why don’t you just make ten louder and make ten be the top number and make that a little louder? Nigel: [pause] These go to eleven. On sample sat put out by board I got a 1380 and on practice act I got a 30. Which test should I take? Thanks.

Hi Cherie, you are squarely in the “Judgment Call” zone based on thesis, these scores alone. That means colleges would view a 1380 SAT and 30 ACT as equivalent. The bad news is that the scores don’t make this decision easy for you or give you clear direction. The good news is that both options are wide open for you and equally viable. Also, your situation is phd thesis, quite typical.

Most students score similarly on these exams, which underlies why colleges accept both equally. At this point you will want to ponder a number of questions as you seek to pros and cons of democracy, make a decision. These questions may include: Do you feel that both of phd thesis rates, these scores accurately reflect your ability right now? Was one practice test affected by factors that did not affect the essay, other; do both reflect an of exchange rates, equal level of effort when you took them? What are the question tips, more specific strengths and phd thesis of exchange rates weaknesses reflected in in advertising essay the subscores?

Each test has unique elements, e.g. ACT has Science, SAT has Math with no-calculator questions and grid-in questions. Do you have a feel for which test you would prefer and which test would suit you best? Often these instincts become self-fulfilling as you move forward and continue practicing. The caveat is rates, that sometimes an gender, area that is a relative weakness is of exchange, also an opportunity for significant improvement. What does your personal crystal ball seem to be telling you about on which test you have more potential to improve? How did each test’s unique structure and rhythm feel for you? The SAT begins with a 65 minute Reading section, for example, which is significantly longer than ACT’s Reading section.

But many students find SAT Reading to be more reasonably-paced than ACT Reading, and glory they like to get Reading out of the way up front. Phd Thesis Rates? There are many other distinctions like this. Which feels more comfortable to you? Logistics. Are both tests’ available test dates equally feasible for your schedule? Any other special considerations? All the essay, above aside, there is no need to overthink this. In all likelihood you could simply flip a coin or go with your gut, and you would never have any reason to of exchange rates, regret whichever decision you make. The fact that you have taken both practice tests and are visiting blogs and asking questions indicates you are serious about improving your scores and getting through this process successfully.

Please let us know if we can address further questions as you move forward. Best of luck to you. My son received a 1530 on the March SAT (730 EBRW + 800 Math). The concordance tables puts the score equivalent to a 2230 on the old SAT and a 34 on the ACT. Embo Cover Letter? However, the individual section scores are concorded as 700 R + 680 W + 800 M, which add up to of exchange, only 2180 versus the overall 2230 that they list. Also, he scored a 6/6/6 on the essay. In Advertising Essay? My question is can we trust the phd thesis of exchange, 2230 number?

Can we trust the 34 on the ACT? How should one decide whether or not to retake the test? Does the 1530 make him less competitive for certain schools? Also, I don’t understand how a 1550 translates to a 2280, a 1540 to mary, a 2260, but a 1530 to phd thesis of exchange, a 2230. Congrats to your son on his excellent March score. You’ve raised reasonable and tricky questions. I’ll take them out of order. First, you can definitely “trust” the concordances, if for question, no other reason than because the colleges will trust them. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? At the tips, admission committee table in of exchange 2016-2017, the concordances will be considered gospel and a 1530 new SAT will be “worth” the same as a 2230 old SAT or a 34 ACT. Put another way, if your son were to try a practice ACT and score lower than 34, we would likely recommend that he pursue and report only the SAT.

The good news is that a score of 1530 puts him in the ballpark for gender in advertising, full consideration at any of the most selective colleges. See the phd thesis of exchange, Competitive Landscape on pp. 8-9 of http://www.compassprep.com/compass-guide/ for more context. It would not be misguided by any means for you to declare him done with the SAT/ACT at this point and let him move on to focus on other meaningful aspects of his college applications (and his life, for that matter). It is unlikely that he will miss out on opportunities that he otherwise would have had if his SAT verbal score were a bit higher. That said, all of our experience tells us that a student of of democracy, his profile can often improve his verbal score with only a moderate amount of effort. If your inclination is for him to phd thesis of exchange rates, be especially thorough, you should consider a retake. Essay? You might also consider having him try a practice ACT before deciding to of exchange rates, retake the sat essay tips, SAT. Our staff would be happy to provide practice tests and a follow-up evaluation to aid your decision.

We also offer private tutoring, in-home or online, though we would recommend only a modest number of lessons at most for a student with such a high starting score. It’s quite possible that self-study on his part would be sufficient to raise his verbal score. Phd Thesis? You have a range of good options here, including doing nothing. There are several explanations for the oddities in the score translations that you’ve noted. The first is that the question, SAT, in moving from a 2400 to a 1600 scale, has fewer points on the new scale from phd thesis of exchange which points on the old scale can be mapped. Therefore gaps (2230 to 2260 to 2280) were inevitable. Second, a shrunken scale results in score compression at submission the high end; there is a reduced range of possible scores on which high-scoring students can spread out and settle. On the old SAT there were 11 points on the scale from 2300-2400. On the new SAT, these 11 points map to just five points: 1560-1600. Phd Thesis? Finally, the reasons that his individually concorded scores on the old SAT (700 R and 680 W) concord lower than his combined 730 EBRW on queen mary submission, the new SAT are a) scores are inflated across the board from the old to the new based on phd thesis, numerous technical decisions made by the College Board, including the elimination of a guessing penalty and reducing the tips, number of answer choices from of exchange 5 to 4, and b) individual scores often concord lower than combined total scores; put simply, fewer students are able to demonstrate commensurate strengths on individual sections (many students have lopsided scores, e.g.

Writing significantly higher than Reading). Thanks, Adam. Movie Summary? This is very helpful. Of Exchange? However, it raises a follow up question … My son does feel that he can definitely raise his writing score on the new SAT (he got 5 incorrect on embo cover, Reading, 4 on phd thesis rates, grammar, and glory movie 0 on Math). So it is tempting to retake especially since he will be able to use ScoreChoice and of exchange rates leverage his 800 on the Math. However, the glory, next available SAT dates are not the most convenient. In June, he is taking SAT Chem and SAT Math 2 after completing AP Chem and AP BC Calc, which only leaves the of exchange rates, possibility of October. Any advice?

Ah, it’s unfortunate that the timing doesn’t work optimally, This is an sat essay, unfortunate consequence of College Board’s delay in reporting scores for the first administration of phd thesis of exchange, a new test. In prior years his March scores would have come back well in time for and cons, him to retake on the May test date. Of Exchange Rates? Definitely do not mess with his Subject Test plans in pros and cons of democracy essay June. I would recommend he invest three hours in an ACT practice test ASAP. If he does as well or better than his March SAT, then he could take the of exchange rates, ACT in June a week after his Subject Tests.

Otherwise this will need to simmer over the summer and gender a retake of the SAT in October is the only option. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates? For a student with this strong profile, I like a plan that creates the possibility of being completely done with testing by June. This is so very helpful. Thank you. Pros And Cons? You mention lopsided scores. My daughter has this issue on the old SAT, with a Reading Score of 660 and a Writing Score of 780. Her math is also a 780. Will her 660 eliminate her from consideration at phd thesis any schools right from the tips, start ? Or are will they consider that she has a 2220 overall? Should she even bother with the new SAT (she did not like the ACT)?

If it helps matters, she got a 720 EBRW/730 M on the PSAT. She has her Subject tests scheduled for June and October and phd thesis of exchange rates she is very “done” with testing. Movie Summary? I just don’t want her to be short sighted after putting all this work in already. Rates? Her extracurriculars are very strong, she has all 5s on her AP scores and she has a 3.95 GPA. The 660 is the only “weak” part of her application. Any advice would be greatly appreciated! Thank you again. Hi John, well, this is a tough one. Or, I should say, the answer is fairly clear, but rather tough to have to deliver. 1841 Danish Writer Thesis? While there is phd thesis, only a small fraction of the colleges in this country that would split these hairs, the fact is question tips, that her 660 Reading is phd thesis rates, a minor blemish relative to her other scores/GPA and within the competitive applicants pools in which I assume she will be competing.

Have you seen our latest post with “New SAT and ACT Score Ranges for 1841 danish writer thesis, 360 Colleges and Universities”? You will find that if you’re looking at the most selective colleges, the 660 is phd thesis of exchange, going to sat essay tips, be a weakness. Now, I would not go so far as to say a 660 in just one section of one test eliminates a student immediately in any applicant pool. But it could certainly work against her, whereas the 780’s in Writing and phd thesis rates Math are of pros essay, course above the line at which you know “well, that can’t possibly be a negative.” I’m really bummed to have to say this, but if you felt she could bring up that Reading score without a terrible amount of effort/practice and she could find time to do so, then you should probably try to phd thesis of exchange rates, steer her in that direction. Are you sure you need the October test date for Subject Tests? That’s a bit of an unusual time to be taking Subject Tests. Please let me know if this is letter, helpful and if I can offer further perspective. I wish your daughter all the best in this process, which I know doesn’t always seem reasonable. On what evidence exactly are you basing your claim that parents/students et al. should “trust the concordances… because the colleges will trust them…and (they) will be considered gospel”?

Given the ACT’s response to of exchange rates, CB’s tables, I would say that’s hardly a given, and as such, I’d advise a great deal more caution, rather than speculation and assumption, when using this data and/or giving advice to others on how to use it as well. And one piece that seems to be missing from your otherwise generally sound advice regarding which test to embo cover, take is that of the value of prepping for a test that has a handful of practice exams available vs. Of Exchange? one that has scores of tests to 1841 danish writer, use. If a student is working with a tutor for the new SAT, they should be aware that it’s virtually impossible that tutor will be as helpful in phd thesis rates preparing for the new SAT as they will be in prepping for the ACT (assuming the general competency of tips, said tutor, of course). Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates? Why? Because there is so little material on the new exam from which to work. Barring an incontrovertibly and gender in advertising dramatically ‘higher’ SAT diagnostic score, I’d rather my child prep with a tutor who has mastered the current iteration of the ACT over the past decade plus, than that same tutor who has essentially started anew with a brand new test just recently.

Wouldn’t you? JSG, I would say that ACT’s intent was to shame and scold. ACT’s objections are mostly righteous, and they have every right to complain, but I don’t believe they actually hoped to convince colleges to somehow refuse to use College Board’s new concordance. I say “somehow” because colleges really have no reasonable alternative. As for bad alternatives, I see two: 1) Accept only one test, not either. 2) Consider the ACT-takers and SAT-takers as two entirely separate groups in the applicant pool and make no attempt to compare across groups. The first option would diminish application volume greatly, a move I have yet to see from an enrollment manager who doesn’t wish to be fired. The second option is all kinds of wrong, not in the least because there are many students in most applicant pools who submit both.

Perhaps I shouldn’t have used the words “trust” and “gospel.” It’s probably more accurate to say that many colleges will note – as ACT did – the flaws in this “derived” concordance that College Board has pushed on of exchange rates, them, and they’ll do some scolding of their own, but ultimately I believe that colleges will hold their noses and use the concordances as their least-worst way of evaluating students who have taken different tests. What other scenario could you see playing out? Finally, I found it interesting to embo letter, notice just today that the link that ACT had put out phd thesis of exchange previously with its anti-concordance rant is now broken and links to nowhere. If you look hard, you can now find their two position statements buried at http://www.act.org/content/act/en/about-act/act-leadership/perspectives.html. Essay? I take this, and other feedback from sources in Iowa City, to suggest that they’ve made their point and likely won’t press it further. Because it has nowhere productive to phd thesis of exchange, go. We completely agree on your point about the dearth of SAT practice tests relative to ACT practice tests. I didn’t fit that caveat into glory, this post on concordance, but I’ve written about rates it extensively, starting in essay June 2014 with a post titled “ACT as the Safe Choice for of exchange rates, the Class of 2017.” And, more recently this fall here, noting, for example “ There is also the practical reality that even the thesis submission, most experienced test prep tutor cannot be as steeped in of exchange rates the nuances of the embo letter, new SAT as in the ACT.

These subtleties matter, and phd thesis of exchange rates we are skeptical of test prep pundits who argue otherwise. ” In that latter post I also outlined some of the unique circumstances that might tilt a student back to the SAT despite the compromises. Those circumstances are becoming less unique every day as the dust around the new SAT’s debut starts to settle. Approximately 90% of our students in the most recent testing cycle opted for the ACT over the SAT, but we see that ratio steadily leveling back off over thesis, the next few years. Thanks for your input and the opportunity to compare notes and share ideas on these complex issues. Thanks for the thoughtful and thorough response, Adam.

I did notice that their critique got buried on their site, which is certainly interesting and of exchange perhaps indicative of their intentions. I suppose one alternative scenario would be that the ACT and cover CB actually get together, as they’ve done in the past, to jointly establish new concordance tables. But, given the phd thesis rates, recent enmity and ACT’s insistence on summary, more data on which to base such tables, that seems less likely to phd thesis rates, occur at queen submission this point. I was essentially concerned about the wording you used, and phd thesis rates appreciate the clarification. Glad to hear you’re also in agreement about the issues surrounding the lack of materials for SAT prep, and that it’s now noted on this page, as I and perhaps others had not seen your other posts that you mention. It is, in my mind, a critical factor in deciding which test to take for those with the luxury of working with a tutor to improve their scores. What do you estimate your SAT/ACT breakdown will be for the class of 2018? I’m guessing about 30/70 SAT/ACT for the class of 2018 and then back to roughly 50/50 for class of mary thesis, 2019 and of exchange rates beyond. My daughter scored a 680 E and 660 M on and cons of democracy essay, the new SAT. When I do the phd thesis rates, College Board’s converter this was about the same in adjusted value as her previous scores on the old SAT.

However, when viewing the percentiles that the new SAT said she achieved, it appeared she moved up a good bit in percentile from the summary, old SAT, but the converter would lead you to believe she didn’t change her relative score much. Any thoughts on why the percentile wouldn’t have been in the same range for the old and new SAT if the phd thesis rates, converter is saying her old and new scores are similar? Also, the new SAT shows two percentiles each for danish, Math and English. One seems to rank all students nationally and the other ranks only those that are college bound. Of those two different sets of percentiles, which one is phd thesis rates, more useful and do you think colleges will be more focused on relative performance (percentile achivement) or actual converted SAT score?

College Board hasn’t yet published a full table of percentiles for the new SAT, but I can talk generally about some of the danish writer thesis, issues involved. I’ve spent a lot of time on the issue with the PSAT. In the of exchange rates, choice as to whether to believe the converter or the percentiles, believe the converter. Although both the percentile ranks and the concordance tables behind the converter are based on sample studies, College Board has far more invested in getting the concordances right. We saw with the PSAT that percentile scores were inflated and distorted in several ways. A well-designed concordance should reflect the mary thesis, same relative standing if the concorded scores are the same. As for why the phd thesis, percentiles are misleading: 1) When the College Board moved from the old SAT and PSAT to and cons essay, the new SAT and PSAT, they adopted a new definition of percentile rank. Previously they reported the percentage of students scoring below a score.

Now they report the phd thesis of exchange rates, percentage of students at or below. The change is legitimate and matches the way ACT reports percentiles, but it leads to essay, confusion. The new percentiles are a notch higher. 2) The national versus the phd thesis of exchange rates, user percentiles are another new twist, and gender in advertising essay I am less fond of this one. A percentile rank based on other test takers seems the most natural way to think about scores and has long been the standard for college admission test reporting. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? The new national percentiles are in line with College Board’s desire to have the new SAT server a wider education audience. The good news is that the national numbers have no impact on your daughter’s admission chances.

The bad news is that they tend to be another source of percentile inflation and can be misleading. Gender In Advertising Essay? Ultimately, colleges care about where your daughter stacks up versus other applicants. The percentile numbers are just a way of putting scores into context. 3) The percentiles are based on a “representative sample.” College Board has no way of predicting the rates, exact make-up of thesis, students in your daughter’s cohort that will take the new SAT over of exchange, the next year. Instead, it must estimate percentiles from studies. As with any estimate, results are not always reliable. The difference between the percentiles reported on the new SAT and the percentiles implied by the “concorded” scores on the old test are of concern and it makes it very hard for me to thesis submission, put my son’s new SAT score into context. His overall score was 1470 (760 Math, 710 Reading/Writing). According to the Percentiles for the new SAT, the of exchange rates, overall and the math score would both be in the 98%.

On the old sat (2014), the 98% would be somewhere between 2160 and 2210 for the full score. Given your reference to how the percentile reporting change has been made, I would have guessed that my Son’s score would translate into a score of at least 2150. However, the concordance table maps his score into a 2110 corresponding to the 96 percentile on the old SAT! Similarly, the 98 percentile on the old SAT (2015) was 770 so I would have mapped my son’s score to a score of at least 760 on the old Math SAT. However, the concordance tables maps it to 1841 danish writer thesis, only a 740… My guess is that any concordance and of exchange rates percentile calculations made on samples prior to the actual administration would be fine in the center of the of democracy essay, distribution but unreliable in the tails due to modest samples sizes. Rates? I am not sure if the percentile reported with the New SAT are based on the March test takers (a pretty large if possibly biased sample) or on any previous testing….I guess this may be at the back and forth between the ACT and SAT folks over this issue….Really trying to cover, determine how good the phd thesis rates, 1470 score is (is it really closer to the 98th or 96th percentile) as the higher end of the mapping would put my son into the top 25% at some of queen mary submission, his target schools while the phd thesis of exchange, lower end of the mapping would not….

Both the sat essay tips, percentile scores and concordance tables were developed from studies done prior to phd thesis rates, the March test. Both are subject to danish thesis, the same concerns about the accuracy of the sample population and how testing was conducted. In the rates, choice between percentiles and concordance, though, go with concordance every time. In College Board terms, percentiles are for a year, concordances are for a lifetime. It’s the concordance that links their old flagship test to their new. We saw on gender essay, the PSAT how flawed percentiles were and how the primary reaction from College Board was a shoulder shrug and a denial. The concordance for the PSAT gave a more accurate picture (although it is possible that this was just chance). It is unlikely that we will see accurate percentile data on rates, class of 2017 test takers come out until the summer of 2017 when College Board traditionally reports on the college bound class.

In the meantime, I think the 2110 is the best way of thinking about pros and cons essay your son’s score if you are comparing it to other old SAT scores. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? Similarly, I would put more trust in the concordances when thinking about his section scores. In looking at the 2015 data for the number of danish writer, students at each score, I calculate a 2110 as the 97th percentile under the current definition. In fact, it was 97th percentile even under the old definition. I would caution about making overly fine distinctions about a test that has never before been used for admission purposes. The new SAT is not the old SAT and concordances don’t bridge that gap. Phd Thesis Rates? SAT scores have never been a dominant factor in college admission, and I expect colleges to be even more loathe to overweight them this year.

My daughter is in a situation as few others here. She has a 34 on ACT and she scored a 1520 on writer, the new March SAT. She also has 800’s on SAT math2 and rates SAT Bio. She feels she can improve her SAT score if she makes another attempt. She is planning to do an early decision to one of the selective colleges.She is worried to embo cover letter, take the of exchange rates, Oct. SAT as the scores may not be available on time for ED.

Does she need to take one more subject test? Can she try taking the SAT on in advertising essay, June 4th instead of SAT Chem. What would be your suggestion? Georgetown insists on rates, having the quirky policy of recommending 3 Subject Tests, but no college requires more than 2 subjects. It would be unusual for an October SAT date to trip up your daughter’s ED applications, but the unusual has been occurring more frequently lately. 1841 Danish Writer Thesis? Understandably, students would rather have testing out of the way in June rather than anxiously awaiting scores right before the Early Decision deadline. It’s hard to be critical of a decision in either direction, since your daughter’s testing portfolio is hard to improve upon. She would not be disadvantaged by taking the SAT rather than the Chemistry Subject Test in June. Rates? What she might want to glory movie essay, consider is taking Chem in October. Although her knowledge may gather some rust over the summer, it’s certainly not out phd thesis of the gender in advertising, question for a strong student to take a fall Subject Test. Even if the score were delayed — and multiple-choice Subject Tests are less likely to be delayed — her application would already be complete.

You might want to check out the recent post from the ACT CEO regarding the phd thesis of exchange rates, recently released concordance from glory summary College Board between SAT and ACT. Check it out here – Collaboration essential when claiming concordance – http://www.act.org/content/act/en/about-act/perspectivesandhappenings.html?cid=social:twitter%20:text:unpaid:concordance. Yes, the distrust between ACT and College Board runs deep, and College Board replied quickly. Of Exchange Rates? Roorda makes a number of valid points, but he is in advertising essay, also well aware that students and colleges are better off with a concordance rather than without. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? I remain hopeful that the organizations are able to cooperate on queen mary thesis, a true concordance study based on the class of of exchange rates, 2017. Students deserve to choose between admission tests without fear that corporate maneuverings will interfere with their college plans. Unfortunately, the results of any collaboration are at least 2-3 years out. My son took the 1841 danish writer, PSAT and got a 1490 sectional index of 222.

He then took the Sat in April and phd thesis of exchange rates got a 1500 which corresponded to a 2170 old sat. It seemed pretty good, but he had to take the optional essay and didn’t do well. 6/4/6 The school rice university says it is not required, but obviously if he sends it they will see his score. Since it is optional will they not judge it one way or the other or should he just take the act test and hope he does just as well on that test and just submit that and not take the mary thesis submission, essay. Rates? How much weight will they place on that optional essay do you think if he sends it. The 6/4/6 may not be as weak as you think and should not be an obstacle at Rice (which does require Subject Tests from submission SAT submitters). We are seeing even top scoring students clustered in the 5-7 range, with cumulative scores in the mid to upper teens.

There is very little correlation between SAT Total score or EBRW score and the essay scores. Analysis has been the toughest area for students, so it is not surprising that this was your son’s weakest dimension. The SAT scores and Subject Test scores dwarf the essay in importance. Of Exchange? Your son should not be concerned about sending his scores. My daughter scored a 35 in ACT ( composite) but got only a 1380 in the new SAT. We are going to let her take another SAT in October but I am worried about the types of mary submission, colleges to apply. Based on of exchange, her grades and accomplishments, she wants to go for the reach schools but the new SAT scores are really confusing. By the time the queen, results come on Oct 23, we will be nearing the deadline for phd thesis of exchange, early decision.

Is there a reason why you feel that your daughter should submit new SAT scores? Her 35 is cover letter, very strong. Based on the College Board’s own concordance of new SAT scores to ACT scores, your daughter would basically need a 1600 to of exchange, improve her standing. Most schools are fine with the Oct SAT for ED, but you are right that it can give your daughter precious little time if she wants to sat essay tips, evaluate her scores before submitting them. My recommendation would be to stick with her ACT score.

She should be considering (or have taken) Subject Tests for those “reach schools.” Those will have a better chance of improving her testing portfolio than will an improved new SAT score. My son scored (old SAT) 650 CR, 800 Math and 780 Writing. When I do the of exchange, College Board’s converter this was 1530/1600. Movie? However, I was told by an IVY university admission staff that they would only consider CR/Math on the old SAT and compare the score to the new SAT score since the new version no longer requires writing. This seems to be inconsistent with College Board’s concordance table. Have you discussed with colleges how they are planning on using the concordance table? If not, will colleges treat old SAT and phd thesis new SAT as totally different tests? Thanks! The response you got is indicative of the gender in advertising essay, lack of phd thesis, respect that the Writing test always received on queen thesis submission, the old SAT — and the misunderstandings surrounding it. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates? The old SAT and new SAT are treated as totally different tests, which is why a concordance is queen, needed in the same way that one is needed between the phd thesis of exchange, SAT and thesis ACT. If you mean “Are colleges separately considering the pools of students applying with old SATs and new SATs?,” the answer is “No.”

The College Board maintains that the “best” concordance between the old SAT and the new SAT is from CR+M+W to EBRW+M. The admission office is both right and wrong. Wrong: Although the rates, essay is not part of the new SAT score, “writing” is embo cover letter, very much a part of the new test. Right: Many colleges never fully incorporated Writing and are more comfortable using CR+M to EBRW+M. To allow for this, College Board does provide this concordance. Of Exchange? After doing the conversion from old to new, you should see a link or option to “See an estimate based on Critical Reading + Math only.” In your son’s case, the CR+M estimate converts to a 1490 on the new SAT. Embo Cover Letter? We’ve also provided a table with the CR+M concordance. Unfortunately, there is no universal rule as to how colleges will convert among old SAT, new SAT, and ACT, which is of exchange rates, why College Board has provided them a number of options. Thanks for the encouraging reply. She is taking subject tests. But I am afraid that she will be at and cons a disadvantage when compared to some one who has scored well in SAT and ACT.

Will the schools not be ” suspicious” when you submit one and not another? I don’t want to regret for the rest of my life for not encouraging her to take another new SAT. What if she takes another SAT and for some reason she scores in the lower range? Can I NOT send it to the colleges? This is so confusing and nerve racking to say the least. More so because of the fact that there is a 3-4 month gap before next SAT. Of Exchange? I wish they had one in August. The SAT and ACT give colleges what is essentially duplicate information.

Only about 1/4 of applicants to top schools send both tests (although a bit more than that take both tests). Sorry to make things more confusing for you, but there is a set of schools that requires all testing that a student has done — the most prominent colleges being Yale and Stanford. Letter? There are not a lot of phd thesis, these, though. Queen Submission? It’s particularly confusing because colleges have no way of enforcing that requirement — it’s still the student’s choice. Most schools — by a very decisive margin — recognize Score Choice, and phd thesis a student can choose not to send scores.

In general do you think that the students will be at an advantage or disadvantage for in advertising essay, having an old SAT score? Some schools (e.g. UVA) have stated that they will not concord, but rather look at the tests independently. Also for rates, schools that traditionally only looked at the CR/M components of the old SAT, how will they look at the new SAT? Do you think they will discount the pros of democracy, writing portion that is built into the test? This does not seem like a feasible path forward because it is so confusing to students. If they choose to look at the whole EBRW score, will students who took the old SAT who had lopsided CR/W scores (e.g., 660 CR and phd thesis of exchange rates a 780 W), be at a disadvantage? My daughter thought her testing was over with a 2220 (660CR/780M/780W), but we are beginning to wonder.

Thank you! I haven’t seen statements from thesis submission UVA saying that it would not use concordance tables; I’d be interested if you have examples. Of Exchange Rates? The dean has talked about the fact that they will not be superscoring between test editions. I think it is in that sense that he means that they are treating the tests independently. We expect EBRW+M to get full acceptance from the colleges who used to look at only CR+M. Embo Cover? The rejection of SAT Writing was more about the essay (even though it only of exchange, represented about 30% of the score) and the fact that colleges had 60 years of question, experience using “verbal” and “math.” The material tested on the new SAT is very similar to rates, that tested on ACT Reading and English, and there has never been a boycott of those sections. 1841 Danish? The transition may not be seamless. In your daughter’s case, she does suffer from having her stronger score on phd thesis of exchange rates, the less accepted “verbal” section. This is not a penalty conferred by gender in advertising essay the new SAT, as many colleges already looked primarily at CR+M or downplayed the significance of Writing.

The positive view is that I don’t expect any college to ignore the W in EBRW. Your daughter’s strength in grammar will be part of her score. I believe that your daughter got a 720 EBRW/730 M on of exchange rates, her PSAT, which is roughly in line with those expectations. She can likely improve on those figures on the SAT. In some ways, the new SAT may be the ideal test for her.

Art, Thank you very much for your response. Re UVA I was referring to Dean J’s comment that “The tests are different and we aren’t going to gender, convert old SAT scores.” It is buried in her post about updated the rates, waiting list. http://uvaapplication.blogspot.com/2016/05/the-2016-waiting-list-process.html Thanks again. Great. It’s nice to see an admission department that is so diligent about explaining its methods. Some colleges will state “we use your highest scores” without reassuring students that the only scores included in a file are the top section scores. Similar quote here to the one you cited: http://uvaapplication.blogspot.com/2016/05/uva-and-new-sat.html. Basically a file will have potentially 3 sets of embo, scores: SAT, rSAT, and phd thesis ACT. As he says in the link I just included, UVa wouldn’t combine SAT M with rSAT M any more than it would swap in ACT M. The rSAT gets neither points nor demerits for being published by the same company as the SAT. To make test-to-test comparisons, a concordance is required. Thanks for the clarification.

I find this blog very useful. Do Cornell, Brown and gender in advertising essay Columbia want ACT and SAT scores reported? I have a feeling that with all the confusion going on this year, most colleges would be happy with one or the other. To make this worse, today SAT subject test results were reported to be delayed this June 15th. Makes me have less confidence in them. Brown and phd thesis of exchange Columbia participate in Score Choice and there is danish, no reason to phd thesis rates, send any scores with which your daughter is not completely satisfied.

Cornell does not recognize Score Choice for SAT scores. Gender In Advertising? The twist there is that a College Board report includes Subject Test and phd thesis of exchange rates SAT scores by gender in advertising default. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? Cornell is adamant that “it is in the student’s best interest to send all scores and embo cover letter Cornell will only consider those that are most supportive of the application .” [emphasis added] My son chose to automatically have his new SAT scores sent to four universities (Texas AM, Virginia Tech, University of phd thesis rates, Florida, University of Central Florida). In Advertising Essay? The score report also shows his PSAT scores and phd thesis 10th grades scores. Of Democracy? Do these four universities also get to see his PSAT and 10th grade scores? (He scored 730 ERW, 700 Math on the SAT and 720 ERW 740 Math on the PSAT, for an SI 218.) Thanks. PSAT scores are provided to students so that they can track their performance over phd thesis of exchange rates, time. Queen Thesis? Colleges do not receive PSAT scores. Hi, I received a 1560 (760 Reading/Writing and 800 Math) on the SAT and a 34 on the ACT. I was planning to use the SAT for all colleges not requiring subject tests and phd thesis rates the ACT for colleges that do (I only have taken the Math II subject test and scored 800). However, I got my ACT writing score back a few days ago and question tips scored 21.

Even though many students have been shafted by the essay, 21 still seems awfully low (I scored a 7/7/7 on the SAT essay). Of Exchange Rates? Should I study the essay and retake the ACT? I don’t want to have to do any more subject tests unless I really have to. I got a 4 on thesis submission, the APES exam via self-study. MIT and Georgetown are on my list and both seem to like subject tests. Thanks in advance! Great scores and an interesting situation because of Subject Tests. My recommendation would be to submit both SATs and ACTs. Both scores are very strong and, as you know, many schools that want Subject Tests will accept an ACT instead. But I see no reason to withhold your SAT and phd thesis rates ST scores from 1841 writer those colleges. As for the 21, I would not be too concerned.

It seems that you have enough other things in phd thesis rates your record that will reflect well on gender, your writing skills. The bigger outstanding issue is Subject Tests. It wasn’t clear if you are planning on taking more — you should. Phd Thesis? MIT wants a math and a science and Georgetown has a VERY strong recommendation of 3 (Georgetown has always enjoyed being iconoclastic). Summary Essay? The essays are optional at rates MIT and, although required at Georgetown, they are not actually used for admission! In summary, think about taking additional Subject Tests, consider submitting SAT, Subject Tests, and ACT (I believe Georgetown requires all of them if you have taken them), and don’t stress over queen mary submission, the 21. Daughter got 1500 on PSAT in PA and got 1550 in June SAT, that being her only admission standard test (She does have 4 subjects tests, 760 Math2/760 US history/800 Bio/800 Chem). She is done with testing, but I am concerned that according to of exchange rates, concordance, this only converts to 34 in ACT. Thoughts?

You have nothing to queen, worry about. Your daughter’s scores provide an excellent “testing portfolio” for any college. A 34 is an excellent ACT score. In truth, once a student reaches a certain testing level, small differences in scores mean little for admission chances. Having 4 strong Subject Test scores rounds out her application nicely!

Thank you for your post. Is the new SAT score (R+W:750, M:800, Essay: 6/4/6) a problem to apply for the extremely competitive colleges? I am mainly concerned with the rates, bad essay score: 6/4/6. From what we’ve seen with SAT Essay scores, a 6/4/6 is not that unusual for even very high-scoring students. I think College Board has done the right thing by mary submission not emphasizing (or even providing) percentiles for the essay. Nor did they do something silly like ACT’s failed attempt at of exchange turning the essay into essay, a scaled score. Rates? Your SAT scores are competitive, most colleges are not requiring the essay, and schools will be hesitant to tips, make decisions based on essay scores until they have more data.

My daughter wants to go to University of Alabama. Being out of state we have been looking at the out of state scholarships that are offered. I am extremely confused about the SAT requirements for the scholarships. They list the phd thesis rates, old SAT requirements and the new SAT requirements and they are very similar, if not the exact scores. I have contacted the sat essay tips, scholarship department and they say that they used the CollegeBoard concordance table. Can you explain how the phd thesis of exchange rates, scores needed can be so similar? Thank you. Alabama uses only the cover letter, Critical Reading and Math components of the old SAT, so you are seeing scores on of exchange, a 400-1600 scale for both the old SAT and the new SAT (EBRW and Math). New SAT scores are somewhat inflated in comparison to the old SAT.

When comparing CR+M scores, new SAT scores are about 40-70 points higher overall. If you look at the last table on our secondary concordance page, you’ll see how the 1600 scores stack up. Writer Thesis? It does appear that Alabama is using the College Board concordance exactly. For example, the Capstone scholarship went from 1210-1240 scores for the old SAT (CR+M only) to rates, 1280-1300 for the new SAT. The UA Scholar scores have gone from 1330-1390 to 1390-1440. Movie Summary Essay? These changes mean that a similar number of rates, students should qualify (assuming a similar number of students taking the movie, SAT). In addition to being a great school, Alabama has excellent scholarship opportunities for out-of-state students. I don’t know why I cannot see my questions I submitted. Test successful. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? We moderate our comment threads and have fallen behind. I happen to glory, be going through the phd thesis of exchange rates, queue now and will get to your original question.

Thanks! I have a question about the pros, reliability of translating new SAT scores to old SAT scores. My son has a June SAT score of 1500–750cr and 750m. Of Exchange? I understand that the scores on danish writer, the new SAT are higher, and of exchange rates a 750cr is not as high as an old SAT 750. If I submit his score of 1500, it won’t be translated high as an old score of 2250 (750, 750, 750). Writer? In fact, the new SAT calculator says that it translates into a 2170 old score. However, the May 2016 ‘Understanding your scores” reports a 750cr as 99%ile. Oddly, the of exchange, 2015 SAT percentile document for the old SAT says that a 750R is glory, 98%ile and 750W is of exchange, 98%ile. And Cons Of Democracy Essay? I am confused as to why this May 2016 document says a 750 is a higher percentile than the older chart says an older score of 750 is.

Is there any chance that a new SAT 750cr is really the top percentile and phd thesis rates should correlate at least as high as getting an question tips, old SAT 750r and 750w? To further complicate the issue, my son got a 34 on the ACT. His college counselor is telling him to send ACT scores as well as June SAT scores bc ‘traditionally a 750 or above is considered highly competitive.’ His 34 puts him at or above the 75%ile of admitted students to most colleges he plans to apply. However, the 1500 on of exchange, the SAT does not put him above the 75%ile at many of movie essay, these colleges. It is important, I think, to figure out which to send.

Thank you for phd thesis of exchange rates, your time! Your questions go right to the heart of the difficulties College Board and colleges face in making the transition to the new SAT. Let me start by explaining why the of democracy essay, percentiles are not useful in making a comparison (for a far more detailed explanation involving the PSAT — the issues are similar — you can see my previous posts). The two most important points are that 1) the phd thesis of exchange rates, percentiles are estimates based on 1841 writer thesis, a sample group and 2) the percentile definition has changed. In order to accurately determine percentiles, once must use a representative population. Of Exchange Rates? This means that College Board couldn’t simply take March test takers and calculate the percentiles. Of Democracy Essay? The group of students who take March are not the same as those who take May or October. And the rates, group of students taking the new SAT this spring were not necessarily the same profile as those taking the old SAT in the spring. Instead, what College Board did was base the percentiles on reference groups who took non-operational tests (test days at schools or paying college students to take the test). These percentiles are roughly accurate but are too iffy to make decisions between, say, 98th percentile and 99th percentile.

2) is an interesting case, because most people assume that a percentile is a percentile is a percentile. There are actually multiple ways that percentile ranks can be defined. The old SAT used “the percentage of writer thesis, students scoring BELOW” a given score. The new SAT (and the phd thesis of exchange rates, ACT) uses “the percentage of students AT OR BELOW.” College Board also started reporting the National percentile and the User percentile. 1841 Danish Writer Thesis? These changes have the effect of “inflating” percentiles somewhat. The College Board will not be able to report on the entire class of 2017 cohort until after students graduate (they usually release their “College Bound Seniors” report in the October after graduation).

Clearly that’s not helpful for your son. I counsel people to ignore the percentiles. They are also invalid for comparing to ACT scores, because the tests are not taken by identical pools of students. Now to your first question about your son’s 750 EBRW / 750 M. Scores on phd thesis, the new SAT are somewhat inflated when compared to those of the old SAT. This is embo letter, largely the result of College Board’s decision to eliminate the “guessing penalty” and to not re-norm the tests. What the 2170 / 1500 concordance is phd thesis of exchange rates, saying is that the and cons essay, percentage of students scoring 1500 or lower on the new test is equivalent to those scoring 2170 or lower on the old test. In this sense, they represent comparable achievements. This is why it is also dangerous to use the exact same “rules of thumb” that worked for old SAT scores (not that they ever worked that well).

A 750 M on the new SAT is better compared to a 720 M on the old SAT. A 750 EBRW is closer to a combined 1450 (CR+W) on the old SAT. So when your college counselor uses a “traditional” comparison to of exchange rates, say that “750 or above is summary, considered highly competitive,” your son’s scores are more akin to 720 and 730. Still, those are quite competitive, and it’s not as if there is phd thesis of exchange rates, some hard cutoff at writer 750. Another way of phd thesis of exchange rates, saying that is that the students who used to get 750 or above are now far more likely to be getting 770 or above.

Yes, quite confusing for everyone. It is thesis submission, definitely true that your son’s 34 is phd thesis of exchange, better — from a concordance standpoint — than his 1500 new SAT score. Embo Cover Letter? I don’t think that means that your son should not send his SAT score. It is in the same range, and most colleges will work with his best scores. What it really boils down to is that any decision you make will be a good one as long as you include his ACT scores! Your decision to send or not send his SAT scores will not impact his admission.

There are plenty of things to worry about during the application process. Phd Thesis Rates? In your son’s case, the SAT decision is not one of them. I hope that I haven’t muddled things further for sat essay question, you. Phd Thesis Rates? Your son’s scores are excellent. Best of luck during the admission process! I have a question for you about whether my daughter should send both her new SAT score and 1841 thesis her ACT score to colleges. She scored a 1510 (760R, 750M), 6/6/6 on essay) on rates, the new SAT, and a 34 (36E, 36R, 32M, 33S, 23 essay) on the ACT.

She took each test once, and she does not plan to sat essay tips, re-test. Although the of exchange, SAT is lower than the ACT overall, we are considering sending it to show the 1841, relatively higher math score. She is applying to engineering programs. She also has a 760 Math Level II and phd thesis of exchange a 5 on the AP Calculus BC exam. Your thoughts on glory summary, sending the new SAT score to bolster her math credentials? A separate question: If a school neither requires nor recommends the SAT subject matter tests, should she send her Biology subject matter test score of 700? (I should mention her grades, course load and rank will also make her a good candidate for engineering programs.) She will be applying to very competitive schools, and I am not sure if that score will be helpful. Thanks so much for any help you can provide! I’d be hesitant to say that the phd thesis, SAT Math score will boost your daughter’s math credentials, but I can’t muster an argument against embo cover letter, sending both scores.

Her 32M is hardly a weak score, and the 760 on the Math 2 is more relevant to phd thesis rates, most engineering programs. The 1510 new SAT and 34 ACT, though, are quite similar, so she is not hurting herself by sending both scores. 1841 Danish Writer? I often warn students about the “gotcha” of needing to send all SAT scores to non-Score Choice schools. Since your daughter only took the test once, there is no concern on that count. I’d also opt to send her Biology score. Yes, ideally students to the most competitive schools will have 750-800 Subject Test scores, but at a number of the neither-require-nor-recommend schools, Subject Tests are viewed us “plus factors.” And showing math and science Subject Tests show that she is serious about STEM. Of Exchange? Another thing to keep in mind is that new SAT Math scores are “inflated” about 30-40 points compared to old SAT scores, whereas Subject Test scores have not gone through the same inflation. For example, the old SAT equivalent of your daughter’s 750M is 720M, which is queen mary, close to her Biology score. Hi, I have an phd thesis of exchange rates, 35 composite ACT score with 35 English, 35 Math, 36 Science, 32 Reading, and 24 Writing. I also have an SAT score of 1550 with 780 Math, 770 Reading + Writing, and 7/6/6 Essay.

I want to apply to pros and cons of democracy, the top schools like Harvard with a concentration in liberal arts possibly political science or something of the sort. Phd Thesis Rates? I was wondering which score would be better to submit or should I submit both to show consistency? Do the section scores matter when taking major into 1841 danish thesis, account, like if I want go to major in a social science and phd thesis go to law school should I submit the test with the better english and writing scores or does it not really matter since they are all kind of close to each other? Thank you! You are in great shape either way you decide to go. In general, there is 1841 thesis, not a benefit to showing ACT/SAT consistency. It might have a small impact if section scores were wildly different (let’s say you aced the phd thesis, ACT English and Reading but struggled on SAT EBRW). Section scores can come into sat essay question tips, play at certain schools for of exchange, certain majors. Letter? Applying to Wharton with weak Math scores might raise an phd thesis rates, eyebrow (the same could be said about embo cover most engineering programs, too). Subject Test scores are usually a better place to prove STEM skills, since the ACT and SAT are broad spectrum tests.

Colleges such as Harvard almost expect students to change concentrations (I entered as computer science concentrator and left as an English major). I can’t imagine an admission decision, in your case, hinging on your SAT scores versus your ACT scores. A plus about submitting both is that it takes any guesswork out of the equation. Phd Thesis Rates? Other than the added cost, the pros, one potential downside would be with college that ask for all ACT scores if you submit 1 or all SAT scores if you submit 1. If you got your scores after a try or two, that’s not a concern. Rates? If you took both tests 3 or 4 times, I think you’d be better off sending one or the other. Hi I was wondering if you could help because I have an almost 4.8 GPA and am first in my class. However, I can’t seem to score any higher than 1320 on the SAT, even after taking it several times; the comparative ACT score for this is a 28 . But last month I took the ACT and got a 33. Should I try to continue taking the SAT, or will colleges be fine if I only send in the ACT? And should I be worried about this large discrepancy in scores? Your ACT is so much better than your SAT score that there seems like no point in repeating the SAT — especially since you’ve already been frustrated by it several times.

Colleges are absolutely fine with just an ACT score. Queen Mary Submission? A very small number of colleges — Yale, for example — expect you to send all of the SATs and ACTs you have taken. Even at those colleges, I’d argue that you are better off abandoning the SAT. It wouldn’t help your testing profile to see another SAT score below your excellent ACT score. Sounds like you can take a break from testing. My daughter scored 35 on ACT (36 in Math and 35 in rest) and scored 31 in writing. In new SAT she scored 1580 (780 EBRW and rates 800 in Math) and 6/6/8 in pros and cons essay.

She has taken subject tests Math2: 800, Chem: 770 and Physics: 740. She has taken all of the tests only once and not planning to retake any test. Which scores (SAT vs ACT vs both) should we submit knowing that she is targeting to get into elite schools. Can she not submit SAT Physics? How would Yale and Stanford react to phd thesis of exchange rates, her SAT Physics score knowing that we have to send? Most students would do anything to queen thesis submission, have your daughter’s dilemmas. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? Her SAT scores are strong enough that I don’t see a benefit to sending the ACT scores. Sat Essay Question? One could argue that admission officers may not be comfortable yet with the new SAT, but they know what they see, and they won’t see many 1580-1600 scores. I feel more comfortable making the recommendation knowing that your daughter has excellent Subject Test scores.

If she were applying to colleges that allowed the ACT to serve “in lieu of” Subject Tests, then weak scores might have been an phd thesis of exchange rates, argument for the ACT. No harm will befall if she were to essay, submit her ACT score, but this way she can keep things clean and just send all her scores via a College Board report. She can choose not to submit Physics. I don’t think she should make that choice. SAT scores can seem so exact that we (I include those of phd thesis of exchange rates, us in test prep) can easily get wrapped up in embo cover small differences. If an admission officer went to the committee to argue that Student A should be accepted over your daughter because A had scores of 800 / 770 / 780, they would give him the rates, admission officer equivalent of a toddler’s time out. Your daughter’s testing portfolio is SO strong that the 740 would never hurt her. I also want to do an aside on 1841 danish, Subject Test score interpretation because it’s a topic that interests me. 1) It’s her third Subject Test. She is phd thesis rates, allowed to have a lowest score. 2) You may be concerned that a 740 Physics score is 68th percentile.

Percentile scores are incredibly misleading with Subject Tests, because the exams are taken by sat essay elite students in of exchange their top subjects. Your daughter’s ACT score of queen thesis, 35 is 99th percentile. Among Harvard applicants, though, that score might only be 80th percentile. Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates? Context is key. 3) Last, but not least, a 770 and thesis 740 are very similar. Rates? In fact, the mathematics underpinning the of democracy, tests tells us that a 30 point difference is not sufficient to distinguish between two students’ abilities. The Standard Error of the Difference (SED) for the Physics Subject Test is 40 points. So Yale and Stanford will be perfectly fine with her Physics test. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? An aside about the “send us all scores” policies.

These are not always as they seem. Colleges haven’t always thought through how “no Score Choice” gets interpreted when it comes to glory movie summary, Subject Tests. They often don’t intend for it to apply to rates, Subject Tests. Stanford requires that students submit all SAT and ACT scores. They do not state that they require all SAT Subject Test scores (ST’s are optional at Stanford, so technically they don’t require any Subject Tests).

Yale, fortunately, explicitly addresses the topic: “Yale does participate in Score Choice for 1841 danish, the reporting of SAT Subject Tests. You may wait to receive your score results before deciding which scores, if any, you would like to send to Yale.” Your daughter has a number of choices to make, but they’re ones without wrong answers. Thank you and of exchange really appreciate you taking time to answer my questions. 1. Pros And Cons Essay? Regarding your comment on sending only rates, SAT and NOT ACT – Since my daughter has taken the test only embo, once, can there be any doubt in phd thesis of exchange the officer’s mind that she may have gotten lucky in her attempt? and sending ACT also would help remove that remote doubt that the officer may have? 2. Regarding your comment “She can choose not to sat essay, submit Physics. Phd Thesis? I don’t think she should make that choice” –Is your recommendation based on a thought process that without SAT Physics score, it might appear that rest of the pros and cons, scores are near perfect which may not be good for admission purposes as colleges don’t want perfect people? PS: My daughter took all the three SAT subject tests on phd thesis of exchange, the same day which definitely played a role in her score. 3. This is a technical question regarding collegeboard. 1841 Danish Writer Thesis? For Stanford or Yale since we need to send the of exchange rates, entire history of SAT or ACT (Not subject tests), I am assuming we have to pick a choice of “All Scores” within the collegeboard. But if I do that it is including SAT subject scores as well.

Since Stanford or Yale does not ask us to SAT Subject scores, how to tell them that I have submitted entire history of SAT and glory essay send only specific SAT subject? 4. My daughter is interested in Business undergrad and she attended a summer program at Wharton. We have narrowed down to the below options and I would appreciate if you can share your thoughts and phd thesis suggestions as we are totally unclear as to how to proceed. A. Apply ED to in advertising essay, Wharton. The challenge here is my daughter is slightly concerned about the cut throat nature that she has observed/heard during summer program. She is competitive herself but prefer a collaborative environment at least outside of the classroom. B. Apply Restrictive EA to Harvard. The challenges here are that the bachelors she has to phd thesis of exchange rates, do is in Economics which she is not sure how she would like and embo cover letter also she will lose the benefit of her summer program that she did at Wharton if she does not apply to ED at Wharton.

The reason to do a REA at Harvard is to leverage the higher chance of her getting in. C. Leave EA, REA and phd thesis of exchange rates ED and just apply regular for all colleges. Thank you so much for your time in answering my questions. 1) It’s too easy to queen mary, start overthinking score interpretation. You could easily argue that an admission officer would interpret this as an excellent student getting an excellent score and moving along from testing. The fact that the choice between SAT only and ACT/SAT is essentially a toss-up means that I’d recommend you do what you and phd thesis rates your daughter will feel most confident about. In this case, I don’t think there is a wrong answer. 2) My thinking is that as a third Subject Test in Physics that the score does not hurt, and glory summary may help, your daughter’s application. This is another close call. The fact that she took all tests on the same day does not factor in. 3) No, you do not have pick that option, although College Board will tell you that these schools want all scores.

Score Choice is on the honor system, and you are being completely honorable in phd thesis of exchange following Stanford and question Yale’s own rules. Schools are not told whether or not a student has exercised Score Choice. 4. This strays away from of exchange rates my testing expertise into college advising. Gender Essay? All I can say is that you are correct that there is no true equivalent of a Business major at Harvard. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? If that is what she wants to do, increasing her odds at Harvard (and there is gender in advertising essay, debate as to whether REA does that) would seem somewhat irrelevant. Of Exchange? I can’t speak to Wharton’s cut throat nature. I can say that I’ve never observed that at Harvard. Thank you for and cons of democracy, such an insightful article!! I was hoping you guys could help me out with an issue I have….. I am an international student studying in the UK, currently in Year 13 (Grade 12) looking to apply to phd thesis, universities both at home and in the US this year.

I took the New SAT in embo May this year and received a score of 1520 (760 + 760 + 21 on essay). Due to my AS school exams happening at a similar time and my very late decision to of exchange, apply to US universities, I ended up doing very little preparation for the SAT, having done only and cons, one practice test and 0 essay practice before going into my actual exam, so I know I can do much better if I take a retest. My problem comes when taking into account the phd thesis of exchange rates, fact that I’d like to apply early to Stanford, meaning that the only available date I could resit the SAT would be this October. Queen Thesis? However I have already booked this date to of exchange rates, take my SAT subject tests (very late I know…..) in Maths-II and pros essay Bio. So my very long winded question is: should I stick with the 1520 and rates apply early to Stanford, or should I delay my application to regular decision, and apply with what will be an almost definitely better SAT score. I’ve heard that entry to and cons essay, highly selective universities such as Stanford is rates, even more competitive for international students, so I am unsure as to whether my current score of embo letter, 1520 will give me a good enough chance of getting in. I’d really appreciate any advice you guys can offer, as help for of exchange rates, US uni admissions is scarce where I live. Thanks in advance!! I don’t have any easy answers for you.

You are right that admission is even more competitive for international students. In Advertising Essay? The problem you face with delay is giving up any benefit from applying early. The size of this benefit is a hotly debated topic. Some make the claim that EA is phd thesis, just a way to get a decision sooner and results in gender in advertising essay the same outcome as RD. Many argue that applying under Stanford’s Restrictive EA policy sends a strong “first choice” message that can be useful. They’ll point out the higher acceptance rate for phd thesis rates, early applicants. The “it’s all the same” group will point out that early applicants skew more talented, so of course the acceptance rate is higher. I’m not going to try to settle that argument here.

I fall in the “small but measurable benefit” camp between the warring factions. Your 1520 is an thesis, excellent score, but it will probably be just around average (probably a bit over) for Stanford. But how much more impressive will it be if you apply with a 1570? Will that prove the tipping point? That’s unlikely. Keep in mind, too, that Stanford will see your 1520, even if you do raise your score. I would stick to your desire to of exchange rates, apply early. Gender? Excellent scores on rates, your Subject Tests combined with your 1520 would mean that the decision will not come down to test scores (at least not U.S. standardized test scores).

Apologies if you’ve addressed this elsewhere on the site. Sat Essay Question Tips? Is it possible that the group of students who took the new SAT during its first two administrations — March and May — are not representative of the class of 2017 as a whole? I’m thinking they may be more likely to be risk takers, may be smarter, more willing to try something new, etc. If so, the concordance table — comparing scores to the ACT or the old SAT — might not be valid, because the groups of students are so different. Many kids in my daughter’s class — a public school in Ohio — didn’t take the SAT last spring. I just think the pool of test takers thus far may not be representative. Phd Thesis Rates? Eventually it will be, but not yet. Summary Essay? Am wishing I had encouraged my daughter to take the ACT instead — this whole guinea-pig experience is somewhat stressful.

She did well on phd thesis of exchange rates, the PSAT — 710 math, 740 EBRW (good enough for NMSF in Ohio), but is less happy with her March SAT score (almost identical scores — 710/730 — but, with the gender, concordance, not as high comparatively). She’s taking it again Oct. 1. Thoughts? The concordance has been a bone of contention between College Board and ACT, although after their respective leaders gave addresses at the National Association of phd thesis, College Admission Counselors last week, the gender, struck a more conciliatory tone. The concordance and percentiles were developed BEFORE the first live SAT was given.

They were developed using a study group. Of Exchange Rates? This is not necessarily reassuring, since there are many ways to have a biased group. But I think it is in advertising, broadly accurate. You are absolutely correct that the new SAT has skewed the phd thesis, pool of test takers as many fled to the ACT. And the March and May tests are not representative. This is why a full year cohort is needed to generate accurate percentiles. Glory Summary Essay? To generate an of exchange, effective concordance, ACT and College Board will try to complete their work in 2018.

It may be a little late for her to switch to ACT. You may want to consider a proctored practice ACT (on a real test) to see how she is doing. We pretty much don’t start working with a student until we have a great baseline. It’s possible that she could be an ACT natural and essay take the test as soon as possible. If not, then your daughter should keep a positive attitude regarding the SAT and the concordance, as there is nothing to be gained by second guessing it. Ultimately, I have faith in of exchange rates admission officers to get it right. Thanks for your response. I, too, have hope that admissions officers will get it right — and question tips not rely too heavily on test results when they are so untested. However: Ohio State University is using the phd thesis of exchange rates, following cut-offs to determine merit scholarships: 32 ACT, 1400 old SAT (critical reading and math), 1450 new SAT.

Using that scale, my daughter wouldn’t get the thesis, top amount of aid with her current SAT score. So, very real consequences. Phd Thesis? She did take a “practice” ACT last fall, with absolutely no prep, and got a 31. My guess is she could bring that up to a 32 pretty easily (by studying the pros of democracy, science portion). Question: Is the December administration too late? (She’s not applying early anywhere.) Oct. 22 is coming pretty quickly. One more question: What happened to the “compression” at the top for high scorers on the SAT? I thought the concordance gap was supposed to diminish among the top scores. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? It seemed to gender in advertising, do that for the PSAT — does it for the SAT? Thanks again.

Let me pick off the strictly factual question first: December is not too late for regular admission at virtually any university, but scholarships play by their own rules. OSU says that merit applicants need to meet the criteria AND apply by November 1. I’m glad you brought up score “compression” because the PSAT results provide the only visible supporting evidence of the new concordance (College Board has not published the results of the trial studies used to of exchange rates, generate the concordance.). Compression does exist on the SAT — just as it did on the PSAT. However, the important difference is queen thesis submission, that scores are only of exchange, being pushed up from below. Both new tests have a degree of “wind assist” when it comes to scores. Typical scores are 20-40 points higher in each section than on the old PSAT and SAT. What made things so problematic with the PSAT/NMSQT is that the gender in advertising essay, new 160-760 score range capped the Selection Index for extremely high scorers. A student who might have achieved a 77 M on the old PSAT could, at best, get a 760 on phd thesis, the new test. However, a student with a 67 M was just as easily able to achieve a 700 M on the new test.

In other words, the wind assist was there for the excellent scorer, but it diminished — or even blew against gender, — the phd thesis of exchange rates, most exceptional scorers. This is why we saw the Commended level move from question 202 to phd thesis of exchange, 209, while the thesis, top state cutoffs moved down slightly. The SAT score range remained the of exchange rates, same — 200 to 800 — so there is queen submission, no downward pressure. The two tests ultimately converge, which is why the concorded scores are so similar at the top — for example, a 1550 old CR+M concords to phd thesis of exchange rates, a 1560 EBRW+M. The Ohio State merit cutoff change is more analogous to what happened with the thesis, Commended level than with the New Jersey cutoff. A 1400 on the old CR+M is phd thesis rates, quite good (96th percentile), but the scoring changes of the new test still have room for an upward push. That’s why College Board expects a 1450 to be a comparable score (and Ohio State has followed the concordance exactly). This 50 point change is right in line with the 7 point movement in Commended scores, since the Selection Index doubles the weight of EBRW. Do we know with certainty that the appropriate score is not 1440 or 1460? No.

But College Board has a big incentive to get it right and not alienate its college users. The 50 point change seen at the 1400 level does diminish as one approaches 1600. That’s why, for example, the cutoff for OSU’s Eminence Fellows scholarship has gone up 30 points (1490 to 1520). Merit aid tends to be a special case in testing because of the movie, hard cut-offs. For an admission officer, the phd thesis of exchange rates, difference between a 1440 and gender in advertising a 1450 (or whether a 32 ACT concords to a 1450 or 1460) is inconsequential. For students looking at phd thesis merit aid at OSU, it’s very consequential. Your daughter stands a good chance of bringing up her SAT score Oct 1, but it may be worthwhile to glory movie, verify with OSU that the October 22 ACT would also be used. While she would not have much time to prepare, it would not take much to get her where she needs to be. My son has a composite score of 32 on the ACT with a 31 score in the Math section of the phd thesis of exchange rates, ACT. And Cons Of Democracy Essay? His composite SAT score was only phd thesis of exchange, a 1950 which does not compare well with his 32 on the ACT, but his math SAT score is glory essay, a 740. Should he submit both his ACT and SAT scores?

It appears that a 740 on the math SAT is superior to phd thesis of exchange, a 31 math score on the ACT. Appreciate your advice. Your son’s 1950 is enough lower than his 32 ACT composite that I would recommend submitting only the ACT. Most schools will concentrate on the composite. They may look at the relative strengths in the different subject areas, but they rarely concord individual sections. The potential negatives of movie essay, showing an SAT score that is comparable to a 29 ACT composite is not outweighed by the potential positive of the college seeing a stronger math score. It’s nice to consider this sort of quasi-superscoring across tests, but it rarely happens that way. Thanks much for your very understandable response. Of Exchange Rates? One final comment: Last fall, my daughter’s guidance counselor suggested we pick the 1841 writer, test (SAT or ACT) that we thought she would do best on, and go for phd thesis of exchange, it.

That’s what we did. Embo? Didn’t see the phd thesis of exchange, need to give the testing companies more of 1841 danish writer thesis, my money (or my daughter’s time) than necessary. Now, of course, I’m second-guessing that strategy. Second-guessing is what we parents do best! Son has an ACT score (no writing) of 33, SAT with writing is 1480 (750 reading and writing; 730 Math). Rates? Unfortunately, his essay scores are quite low and surprised us – 4/4/5. Very concerned about whether to gender in advertising essay, bother taking either exam again. He has only taken each exam once. Also, we are questioning which score to submit to Universities.

We certainly wouldn’t want a negative essay score to impact his admissions. Thanks in advance for your opinion. In part, the answer depends on where your son is applying. If he is shooting for the very most competitive schools, then I’d probably recommend retaking the test on which he felt most comfortable. If he is a junior, he certainly has plenty of time. If he is phd thesis, a senior, time is of the cover, essence, and you should verify with the colleges their testing cutoffs (generally, December is fine). The ACT is the slightly stronger of the two, but it would not be of use at any of the colleges requiring the essay. There is an outside chance that College Board will discuss essay score distribution at its annual Forum happening right now (several of my colleagues are there).

What we have seen is that even high scorers are often in the teens (similar to how we often saw high ACT scorers in the low 20s for phd thesis, Writing). The SAT is by far the pros and cons of democracy essay, least important part of the test, but I think your son could improve his testing portfolio with another attempt. Thank you – he is a junior and has many more opportunities to improve. We will revisit the exams in of exchange the spring/summer. My daughter received a 1430 on the new SAT, and she hopes to apply to semi competitive schools such as the UCs and Cal states. However, her essay score was unexpectedly low: 5|4|5. We are worried that the essay score will negatively impact admissions. Is it worth it to queen thesis submission, take the test again in of exchange the spring?

She is glory, a junior. Thank you very much for your advice. Unless and until we learn more about phd thesis rates colleges’ use of essay scores, my advice to students with 4s and 5s would be to let the overall test score dictate any decisions. Queen Mary? In other words, if your daughter is phd thesis rates, happy with her 1430, I would not recommend retesting simply because of her essay score. In Advertising Essay? When you are evaluating her scores, keep in mind that the new SAT scores are about 30 points higher per rates, section than the old SAT scores. Historical numbers for 1841 thesis, admitted UC students still use old SAT scores. The Eligibility Index, on of exchange rates, the other hand, has been updated for essay, the new SAT.

It can be confusing when trying to figure out a competitive score. Hi- I scored a 1980 on rates, the old SAT – 690 R, 620 M, 670 W. Of Democracy Essay? I took the ACT in October 2016 and got a 31. I’m thinking of submitting this score seeing as it translates to a higher score than 1980. However, my breakdown was 36 English, 27 Math, 36 Reading, and 24 Science. I’m wondering if this much lower science section will be taken seriously, or if I should just focus on the fact that a 31 composite is better than a 1980 SAT. Thanks so much.

I think you are better off focusing on phd thesis, the 31 composite. Not only is it, overall, a stronger score, there is also an argument that if you are going to be lopsided, go big. In other words, your CR and W scores on the old SAT are good and are better than your M score, but they don’t come close to tips, your ACT English and Reading scores. Thank you for all of your thorough responses. Phd Thesis Rates? What a complicated business! I have a question regarding the Compass SAT/ACT concordance vs. the Compass PSAT/ACT concordance. Essay? Given the rates, time that has passed since Compass put out each of these, would you consider the SAT/ACT concordance to be more accurate than the PSAT one, and should be used even if a student has ONLY taken the PSAT (and ACT)? Also, along these same lines, when new PSAT scores come out in a couple of pros and cons of democracy, weeks, should students use the of exchange, newer Compass SAT/ACT accordance?

Is there any reason to think that the concordance numbers on any of these charts will change in the near future? Thank you so much. Sat Essay? I bet, even if you had wanted to, you never could have imagined all of the questions that parents/counselors/students could dream up in phd thesis rates relation to these test scores! Great questions, and ones that I have been chewing on as I work on updating our PSAT/ACT concordance and recommendations. The plan is to have a revised version of that post available almost immediately after counselors receive PSAT scores on pros of democracy essay, 12/5/2016. While I don’t expect College Board to release anything new of value, there seems little reason not to wait (since students will be receiving scores after counselors). This reply will cover some of the points that I’ll expand upon. [The really short version is that it may not matter which version of the phd thesis of exchange rates, concordance is sat essay, used, because other factors can play an even larger role. I’m never satisfied with really short versions.] There is virtually no chance that College Board will be offering any revisions to its concordances before it can accomplish an phd thesis, official joint study with ACT in 2018 or 2019.

So we are left with several choices in assessing PSAT scores, none of which is ideal. Question? Option 1 is to use the May 2016 concordance that is rates, identical for the SAT and cover PSAT (with the important qualification that the PSAT concordance tops out at 1520). College Board considers this the “final” version. Option 2 would be to stick with the “preliminary” concordance that College Board released in January 2016 that was used to develop the phd thesis of exchange, current (as of 11/28/16) version of Compass’ PSAT to ACT concordance. Cover? Option 3 would be to rates, develop a set of and cons, recommendations that does not exactly follow either College Board concordance. [I recommend reading my earlier post on the differences between the January and May concordances. While the post looked at things through a National Merit lens, much of the discussion and phd thesis of exchange most of the tables and charts are quite relevant.] At first blush, it would seem to make sense to use something labelled “final.” I have significant concerns about College Board’s PSAT concordance, however. A concordance depends on the underlying tests being concorded and on the tested population (specifically, the population in essay the concorded sample). The PSAT and phd thesis SAT have “vertically aligned” scales, but they are definitely not the same test.

The populations taking the two exams are also quite different. In order to follow through with the notion of complete alignment, however, College Board’s psychometricians have had to hold their noses and use identical concordances. To quote from my earlier post: “A polite way of letter, describing the PSAT concordance is phd thesis of exchange rates, ‘aspirational.’ It conforms with the most desirable outcome, not necessarily the sat essay question, most accurate one.” I also show in that post how that inaccuracy comes into play when looking at verifiable examples from National Merit. A thought experiment helps to explain why PSAT and SAT concordances — even good ones — suffer from problems at the extremes. Imagine a “760 Math student” — one who, over hundreds of of exchange rates, SATs and without repetition effects, would end up averaging a 760. While the student would have many exams where she scored 760, she would also have a good many 770s, 780s, 790s, and even 800s. Of Democracy Essay? She won’t have performed as well on phd thesis, some forms and likely ended up with some 740s, 720s, and even 700s. Queen Mary Thesis? Now plop several hundred PSATs in front of this student. Unless she has perfect performances on every single exam — a virtual impossibility — her average will be below 760 (likely closer to 730-740). She’ll have forms where she misses a few problems, but she’ll never have the opportunity to score better than a perfect 760. It’s wrong, then, to consider a 760 on the SAT as interchangeable with a 760 on phd thesis of exchange, the PSAT.

The “preliminary” concordance did a better job of reflecting this imbalance. If you look at queen the chart of the two concordances and how they match up with National Merit (that post was before we knew all 50 states, but it maintains its rough accuracy), you will see that the January concordance did a better job than the May concordance. My opinion is that this was because January was presented as a true new PSAT to phd thesis of exchange, old PSAT concordance, whereas the May concordance was forced to cover, into alignment with the SAT to old SAT concordance. I should point out that no concordance directly links new SAT or new PSAT to the ACT. Instead, they concord to the old SAT, and then take advantage of the well-established old SAT to ACT concordance for phd thesis of exchange, the final leap. This sort of assumed transitive property is why ACT objected so strenuously when College Board released a new SAT to ACT “concordance.” It’s both useful and misleading at danish writer the same time. If the January PSAT concordance seems better, then why not continue to use it for Compass’ SAT vs. Phd Thesis Of Exchange? ACT recommendations? A significant problem is that this represents the testing equivalent of betting against the house. College Board refuses to have any independent corroboration of its new SAT equating or of its concordance procedures. It has done its best to release as little information as possible [National Merit has provided a nice peephole that College Board can’t block].

This left it some leeway to tweak the PSAT between the October 2015 and October 2016 administrations. Embo Cover? We won’t get our best insight into this until the spring or summer of of exchange, 2017 when National Merit data starts leaking out. Publishing a non-standard concordance may confuse students and parents more than it helps them. I’m trying to work through the best way of dealing with this conundrum. Embo Cover Letter? I feel that SAT versus ACT recommendations based on PSAT results must provide at least a tip of the hat to these issues. Ironically, the final concordance would tend to push more students toward the ACT. It aligns with somewhat lower old SAT scores than does the preliminary concordance, so it also aligns with somewhat lower ACT scores. For example, using the phd thesis rates, official concordance would link a 1320 PSAT score to a 28 ACT score. Using the preliminary concordance would link a 1320 to a 29 ACT score. The difference can grow as wide as 2 points. Concordances are great for determining which scores a student should submit to a college — especially since we don’t need to worry about the special case of the PSAT.

A student with a 29 ACT is better off sending that score than sending a 1320 SAT score. Concordances are not so good, though, at embo letter predicting future performance. This is why we have emphasized score ranges in our guidance. Accounting for phd thesis of exchange rates, factors such as those outlined by my colleague Adam Ingersoll in “Who Should Choose the SAT?” can be just as important as a small discrepancy in PSAT score versus ACT score. For now, my recommendation would be to use the pros and cons of democracy essay, SAT to rates, ACT concordance provided here but to keep in mind its limitations. First of all, thank you for glory movie, a very useful post. My name is Vinh, I am Vietnamese, I finished my bachelor degree in Biotechnology in Vietnam with a GPA of 3.25 and was planning to applying for master degree in US which means I was planning to get GRE (I did get TOEFL with the score of 101). Phd Thesis Of Exchange Rates? However, something has changed… So the direction here is clearly Linguistics Major that means I have to begin all over again at BA degree. So I was planning to take the essay, old SAT test but since it changed to the new one which lacks practice books and practice tests, I’m kind of thinking about switching to ACT.

However, there are some problems making me hesitate which I hope you can help, and they are: 1) Does ACT somehow affect my chance of phd thesis rates, getting accepted in US college with Linguistics major? 2) Can I use ACT and gender essay SAT subject (I don’t really know what to phd thesis rates, take, maybe Maths and Literature, or World History and Literature I guess) for my application instead of new SAT and SAT subject? Is this OK and not weird at all? I’m sorry if these questions are silly because I’m kind of really new to this (I’ve just changed my mind recently and am going around on the Internet getting confused by the ACT, change of SAT, etc). 3) I was planning to take GRE before, so should I take it too as to gender, increase my chance of getting accepted since I’m not US citizen? And maybe learning GRE is also useful for ACT, SAT subjects? And is there any full scholarship for linguistics because I think (personally) not many people go into this field?

I’m thinking of Yale, maybe this is very hard but I really love linguistics so I have to of exchange rates, do my best. Thank you very much and wish you the best. The first challenge you will face is that most undergraduate programs in 1841 the U.S. will not accept students who have already completed a bachelor’s degree. You should discuss this with the admission offices. 1) As for the ACT/SAT, the choice will not impact you chances of acceptance. Both exams have downloadable tests that you can try. The Khan Academy program for the SAT is improving the number of tests available, so the ACT’s lead on phd thesis rates, that score has narrowed. 2) Yes. I don’t know of any colleges where an gender in advertising essay, ACT alone or an ACT with Subject Tests would not be acceptable. 3) It typically would not have an impact on phd thesis of exchange rates, undergraduate admission, because admission offices are not setup to sat essay question tips, use the GRE as a tool.

Getting a scholarship as an of exchange, international student is challenging. Tips? I would strongly recommend starting, though, by seeing if you are even eligible for of exchange, undergraduate admissions. If not, you should not give up on your dream to queen mary submission, study linguistics. You may be able to phd thesis rates, do sufficient work to show that you have the skills to be admitted to a graduate program. Math, Reading, and Writing Concordances for the New SAT. 2017 Compass Education Group.

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