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MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Tips for Writing Research…

How to write a mla

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lovecraft essay Supernatural Horror in Literature. By H. P. Lovecraft. The oldest and strongest emotion of mankind is fear, and how to a mla, the oldest and phd thesis mcnp, strongest kind of fear is fear of the write a mla, unknown. These facts few psychologists will dispute, and their admitted truth must establish for all time the oklahoma state essay, genuineness and dignity of the weirdly horrible tale as a literary form. Against it are discharged all the shafts of a materialistic sophistication which clings to frequently felt emotions and write a mla, external events, and of a naively insipid idealism which deprecates the phd thesis mcnp, aesthetic motive and calls for a didactic literature to uplift the reader toward a suitable degree of smirking optimism.

But in spite of all this opposition the weird tale has survived, developed, and attained remarkable heights of perfection; founded as it is on how to write a mla, a profound and elementary principle whose appeal, if not always universal, must necessarily be poignant and permanent to minds of the requisite sensitiveness. The appeal of the spectrally macabre is generally narrow because it demands from the reader a certain degree of imagination and graphic report, a capacity for detachment from every-day life. Relatively few are free enough from the spell of the a mla, daily routine to graphic thesis report respond to rappings from outside, and a mla, tales of ordinary feelings and contribute to the diversity, events, or of common sentimental distortions of such feelings and events, will always take first place in the taste of the majority; rightly, perhaps, since of course these ordinary matters make up the greater part of human experience. But the how to, sensitive are always with us, and sometimes a curious streak of fancy invades an obscure corner of the very hardest head; so that no amount of rationalisation, reform, or Freudian analysis can quite annul the thrill of the chimney-corner whisper or the design report, lonely wood. There is write here involved a psychological pattern or tradition as real and college research, as deeply grounded in mental experience as any other pattern or tradition of mankind; coeval with the religious feeling and closely related to many aspects of it, and too much a part of our inmost biological heritage to lose keen potency over a very important, though not numerically great, minority of our species. Man’s first instincts and emotions formed his response to the environment in which he found himself. Definite feelings based on pleasure and how to, pain grew up around the phenomena whose causes and effects he understood, whilst around those which he did not understandand the universe teemed with them in the early dayswere naturally woven such personifications, marvellous interpretations, and sensations of awe and fear as would be hit upon by application a winning a race having few and simple ideas and write, limited experience. The unknown, being likewise the state essay, unpredictable, became for our primitive forefathers a terrible and omnipotent source of boons and calamities visited upon mankind for cryptic and wholly extra-terrestrial reasons, and thus clearly belonging to write spheres of existence whereof we know nothing and wherein we have no part. The phenomenon of design dreaming likewise helped to build up the notion of an write, unreal or spiritual world; and in general, all the conditions of savage dawn-life so strongly conduced toward a feeling of the supernatural, that we need not wonder at to the the thoroughness with which man’s very hereditary essence has become saturated with religion and superstition. That saturation must, as a matter of plain scientific fact, be regarded as virtually permanent so far as the subconscious mind and inner instincts are concerned; for though the write a mla, area of the unknown has been steadily contracting for thousands of years, an infinite reservoir of mystery still engulfs most of the outer cosmos, whilst a vast residuum of powerful inherited associations clings around all the phd thesis mcnp, objects and processes that were once mysterious, however well they may now be explained. And more than this, there is an actual physiological fixation of the old instincts in our nervous tissue, which would make them obscurely operative even were the conscious mind to be purged of all sources of wonder.

Because we remember pain and how to a mla, the menace of death more vividly than pleasure, and essay englisch phrasen, because our feelings toward the beneficent aspects of the unknown have from the first been captured and formalised by conventional religious rituals, it has fallen to the lot of the darker and more maleficent side of cosmic mystery to figure chiefly in our popular supernatural folklore. This tendency, too, is naturally enhanced by a mla the fact that uncertainty and oklahoma, danger are always closely allied; thus making any kind of an unknown world a world of peril and evil possibilities. A Mla! When to this sense of fear and evil the inevitable fascination of wonder and curiosity is superadded, there is born a composite body of keen emotion and imaginative provocation whose vitality must of necessity endure as long as the human race itself. Contribute To The Diversity Essay! Children will always be afraid of the dark, and men with minds sensitive to hereditary impulse will always tremble at the thought of the hidden and fathomless worlds of strange life which may pulsate in the gulfs beyond the stars, or press hideously upon our own globe in unholy dimensions which only the dead and the moonstruck can glimpse. With this foundation, no one need wonder at the existence of a literature of cosmic fear.

It has always existed, and always will exist; and no better evidence of its tenacious vigour can be cited than the impulse which now and then drives writers of totally opposite leanings to try their hands at it in isolated tales, as if to discharge from their minds certain phantasmal shapes which would otherwise haunt them. Thus Dickens wrote several eerie narratives; Browning, the hideous poem “Childe Roland”; Henry James, The Turn of the Screw; Dr. Holmes, the subtle novel Elsie Venner; F. How To Write! Marion Crawford, “The Upper Berth” and a number of other examples; Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, social worker, “The Yellow Wall Paper”; whilst the humourist W. W. Jacobs produced that able melodramatic bit called “The Monkey’s Paw”. This type of contribute to the essay fear-literature must not be confounded with a type externally similar but psychologically widely different; the literature of mere physical fear and the mundanely gruesome. Such writing, to be sure, has its place, as has the conventional or even whimsical or humorous ghost story where formalism or the author’s knowing wink removes the true sense of the morbidly unnatural; but these things are not the literature of cosmic fear in its purest sense. The true weird tale has something more than secret murder, bloody bones, or a sheeted form clanking chains according to rule. A certain atmosphere of breathless and unexplainable dread of outer, unknown forces must be present; and there must be a hint, expressed with a seriousness and portentousness becoming its subject, of that most terrible conception of the a mla, human braina malign and papers, particular suspension or defeat of those fixed laws of Nature which are our only safeguard against the assaults of chaos and the daemons of unplumbed space. Naturally we cannot expect all weird tales to conform absolutely to any theoretical model.

Creative minds are uneven, and the best of fabrics have their dull spots. Moreover, much of the choicest weird work is unconscious; appearing in memorable fragments scattered through material whose massed effect may be of a very different cast. A Mla! Atmosphere is the all-important thing, for the final criterion of authenticity is not the dovetailing of oklahoma application a plot but the creation of a given sensation. We may say, as a general thing, that a weird story whose intent is to teach or produce a social effect, or one in which the horrors are finally explained away by natural means, is not a genuine tale of cosmic fear; but it remains a fact that such narratives often possess, in isolated sections, atmospheric touches which fulfil every condition of how to write true supernatural horror-literature. College! Therefore we must judge a weird tale not by the author’s intent, or by the mere mechanics of the plot; but by the emotional level which it attains at its least mundane point.

If the proper sensations are excited, such a “high spot” must be admitted on its own merits as weird literature, no matter how prosaically it is later dragged down. The one test of the really weird is write simply thiswhether or not there be excited in the reader a profound sense of dread, and of contact with unknown spheres and powers; a subtle attitude of awed listening, as if for the beating of black wings or the scratching of phd thesis mcnp outside shapes and entities on the known universe’s utmost rim. And of course, the more completely and unifiedly a story conveys this atmosphere, the better it is as a work of art in the given medium. As may naturally be expected of a form so closely connected with primal emotion, the horror-tale is as old as human thought and how to, speech themselves. Cosmic terror appears as an ingredient of the earliest folklore of all races, and is crystallised in the most archaic ballads, chronicles, and sacred writings. It was, indeed, a prominent feature of the elaborate ceremonial magic, with its rituals for the evocation of daemons and spectres, which flourished from prehistoric times, and which reached its highest development in Egypt and the Semitic nations. Fragments like the design thesis, Book of Enoch and the Claviculae of Solomon well illustrate the power of the weird over the ancient Eastern mind, and upon such things were based enduring systems and traditions whose echoes extend obscurely even to how to write a mla the present time.

Touches of this transcendental fear are seen in classic literature, and there is application writing a winning evidence of its still greater emphasis in a ballad literature which paralleled the classic stream but vanished for lack of a written medium. Write A Mla! The Middle Ages, steeped in fanciful darkness, gave it an enormous impulse toward expression; and East and West alike were busy preserving and amplifying the phd thesis mcnp, dark heritage, both of random folklore and of academically formulated magic and a mla, cabbalism, which had descended to contribute to the them. Witch, werewolf, vampire, and ghoul brooded ominously on the lips of bard and grandam, and needed but little encouragement to take the final step across the boundary that divides the chanted tale or song from the formal literary composition. In the Orient, the weird tale tended to assume a gorgeous colouring and sprightliness which almost transmuted it into sheer phantasy. In the West, where the mystical Teuton had come down from how to a mla, his black Boreal forests and the Celt remembered strange sacrifices in Druidic groves, it assumed a terrible intensity and convincing seriousness of atmosphere which doubled the force of its half-told, half-hinted horrors. Much of the power of Western horror-lore was undoubtedly due to the hidden but often suspected presence of a hideous cult of nocturnal worshippers whose strange customsdescended from pre-Aryan and pre-agricultural times when a squat race of Mongoloids roved over college essay service a winning, Europe with their flocks and herdswere rooted in the most revolting fertility-rites of immemorial antiquity. This secret religion, stealthily handed down amongst peasants for thousands of how to write a mla years despite the outward reign of the Druidic, Graeco-Roman, and Christian faiths in the regions involved, was marked by wild “Witches’ Sabbaths” in lonely woods and atop distant hills on Walpurgis-Night and Hallowe’en, the traditional breeding-seasons of the essay, goats and sheep and cattle; and became the source of vast riches of sorcery-legend, besides provoking extensive witchcraft- prosecutions of which the how to, Salem affair forms the chief American example. Akin to phd thesis mcnp it in essence, and write a mla, perhaps connected with it in fact, was the frightful secret system of inverted theology or Satan-worship which produced such horrors as the famous “Black Mass”; whilst operating toward the papers, same end we may note the activities of those whose aims were somewhat more scientific or philosophicalthe astrologers, cabbalists, and a mla, alchemists of the Albertus Magnus or Raymond Lully type, with whom such rude ages invariably abound. Graphic Design Thesis Report! The prevalence and depth of the mediaeval horror-spirit in Europe, intensified by the dark despair which waves of pestilence brought, may be fairly gauged by the grotesque carvings slyly introduced into much of the finest later Gothic ecclesiastical work of the a mla, time; the daemoniac gargoyles of diversity essay Notre Dame and Mont St. Michel being among the most famous specimens. And throughout the period, it must be remembered, there existed amongst educated and uneducated alike a most unquestioning faith in how to a mla every form of the supernatural; from the gentlest of to the essay Christian doctrines to the most monstrous morbidities of witchcraft and black magic.

It was from no empty background that the Renaissance magicians and alchemistsNostradamus, Trithemius, Dr. John Dee, Robert Fludd, and the likewere born. In this fertile soil were nourished types and characters of how to sombre myth and legend which persist in weird literature to this day, more or less disguised or altered by modern technique. Many of them were taken from the earliest oral sources, and contribute to the diversity, form part of mankind’s permanent heritage. The shade which appears and demands the burial of its bones, the daemon lover who comes to bear away his still living bride, the how to a mla, death-fiend or psychopomp riding the essay, night-wind, the man-wolf, the write, sealed chamber, the deathless sorcererall these may be found in that curious body of mediaeval lore which the late Mr. Baring-Gould so effectively assembled in book form. Wherever the mystic Northern blood was strongest, the atmosphere of the popular tales became most intense; for in the college research, Latin races there is a touch of basic rationality which denies to even their strangest superstitions many of the how to write a mla, overtones of glamour so characteristic of our own forest-born and ice-fostered whisperings. Just as all fiction first found extensive embodiment in poetry, so is it in poetry that we first encounter the permanent entry of the phd thesis mcnp, weird into standard literature.

Most of the write a mla, ancient instances, curiously enough, are in prose; as the college research papers, werewolf incident in Petronius, the gruesome passages in Apuleius, the write, brief but celebrated letter of Pliny the Younger to Sura, and the odd compilation On Wonderful Events by to the diversity essay the Emperor Hadrian’s Greek freedman, Phlegon. It is in Phlegon that we first find that hideous tale of the corpse-bride, “Philinnion and Machates”, later related by Proclus and in how to a mla modern times forming the inspiration of Goethe’s “Bride of Corinth” and Washington Irving’s “German Student”. But by the time the old Northern myths take literary form, and in that later time when the weird appears as a steady element in essay the literature of the day, we find it mostly in metrical dress; as indeed we find the greater part of the strictly imaginative writing of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The Scandinavian Eddas and Sagas thunder with cosmic horror, and shake with the stark fear of Ymir and how to write a mla, his shapeless spawn; whilst our own Anglo-Saxon Beowulf and the later Continental Nibelung tales are full of eldritch weirdness. Dante is a pioneer in the classic capture of online macabre atmosphere, and in Spenser’s stately stanzas will be seen more than a few touches of fantastic terror in landscape, incident, and character. Prose literature gives us Malory’s Morte d’Arthur, in which are presented many ghastly situations taken from early ballad sourcesthe theft of the sword and silk from the corpse in Chapel Perilous by Sir Launcelot, the ghost of Sir Gawaine, and the tomb-fiend seen by Sir Galahadwhilst other and cruder specimens were doubtless set forth in the cheap and how to a mla, sensational “chapbooks” vulgarly hawked about and devoured by the ignorant. In Elizabethan drama, with its Dr.

Faustus, the witches in Macbeth, the ghost in Hamlet, and the horrible gruesomeness of Webster, we may easily discern the strong hold of the daemoniac on the public mind; a hold intensified by the very real fear of living witchcraft, whose terrors, first wildest on the Continent, begin to college essay service echo loudly in how to write a mla English ears as the witch-hunting crusades of James the First gain headway. To the lurking mystical prose of the ages is added a long line of essay englisch phrasen treatises on witchcraft and a mla, daemonology which aid in exciting the imagination of the reading world. Through the seventeenth and into the eighteenth century we behold a growing mass of fugitive legendry and balladry of darksome cast; still, however, held down beneath the surface of essay polite and accepted literature. Chapbooks of horror and weirdness multiplied, and we glimpse the eager interest of the people through fragments like Defoe’s “Apparition of Mrs. Veal”, a homely tale of a dead woman’s spectral visit to a distant friend, written to advertise covertly a badly selling theological disquisition on death. The upper orders of society were now losing faith in the supernatural, and indulging in a period of classic rationalism. A Mla! Then, beginning with the translations of Eastern tales in Queen Anne’s reign and taking definite form toward the middle of the century, comes the revival of romantic feelingthe era of new joy in Nature, and in the radiance of past times, strange scenes, bold deeds, and incredible marvels.

We feel it first in the poets, whose utterances take on new qualities of wonder, strangeness, and shuddering. And finally, after the timid appearance of a few weird scenes in essay englisch the novels of the daysuch as Smollett’s Adventures of Ferdinand, Count Fathom the released instinct precipitates itself in the birth of a new school of writing; the “Gothic” school of horrible and fantastic prose fiction, long and short, whose literary posterity is destined to become so numerous, and in write many cases so resplendent in artistic merit. Englisch Phrasen! It is, when one reflects upon it, genuinely remarkable that weird narration as a fixed and academically recognised literary form should have been so late of how to write a mla final birth. The impulse and atmosphere are as old as man, but the typical weird tale of standard literature is a child of the eighteenth century. The shadow-haunted landscapes of phd thesis mcnp “Ossian”, the chaotic visions of William Blake, the grotesque witch-dances in Burns’s “Tam O’Shanter”, the sinister daemonism of Coleridge’s Christabel and Ancient Mariner, the ghostly charm of James Hogg’s “Kilmeny” , and the more restrained approaches to cosmic horror in Lamia and many of Keats’s other poems, are typical British illustrations of the advent of the weird to formal literature. Our Teutonic cousins of the Continent were equally receptive to the rising flood, and write, Bürger’s “Wild Huntsman” and the even more famous daemon-bridegroom ballad of “Lenore”both imitated in English by Scott, whose respect for the supernatural was always greatare only a taste of the eerie wealth which German song had commenced to provide. Thomas Moore adapted from such sources the legend of the ghoulish statue-bride (later used by Prosper Mérimée in “The Venus of Ille”, and traceable back to great antiquity) which echoes so shiveringly in his ballad of “The Ring”; whilst Goethe’s deathless masterpiece Faust, crossing from mere balladry into the classic, cosmic tragedy of the ages, may be held as the ultimate height to online which this German poetic impulse arose. But it remained for a very sprightly and worldly Englishmannone other than Horace Walpole himselfto give the growing impulse definite shape and write a mla, become the actual founder of the phd thesis mcnp, literary horror-story as a permanent form. Fond of mediaeval romance and mystery as a dilettante’s diversion, and with a quaintly imitated Gothic castle as his abode at Strawberry Hill, Walpole in 1764 published The Castle of Otranto; a tale of the supernatural which, though thoroughly unconvincing and write, mediocre in contribute essay itself, was destined to how to write a mla exert an almost unparalleled influence on design, the literature of the weird.

First venturing it only as a translation by one “William Marshal, Gent.” from the Italian of a mythical “Onuphrio Muralto”, the author later acknowledged his connexion with the book and took pleasure in its wide and instantaneous popularitya popularity which extended to how to write a mla many editions, early dramatisation, and wholesale imitation both in England and in Germany. The storytedious, artificial, and melodramaticis further impaired by a brisk and application essay, prosaic style whose urbane sprightliness nowhere permits the creation of a truly weird atmosphere. It tells of Manfred, an unscrupulous and usurping prince determined to found a line, who after the mysterious sudden death of how to write a mla his only son Conrad on the latter’s bridal morn, attempts to put away his wife Hippolita and wed the lady destined for the unfortunate youththe lad, by the way, having been crushed by the preternatural fall of a gigantic helmet in the castle courtyard. Isabella, the widowed bride, flees from this design; and encounters in subterranean crypts beneath the castle a noble young preserver, Theodore, who seems to be a peasant yet strangely resembles the old lord Alfonso who ruled the domain before Manfred’s time. Shortly thereafter supernatural phenomena assail the castle in divers ways; fragments of gigantic armour being discovered here and there, a portrait walking out of its frame, a thunderclap destroying the edifice, and a colossal armoured spectre of Alfonso rising out oklahoma of the ruins to ascend through parting clouds to the bosom of St. Nicholas. Theodore, having wooed Manfred’s daughter Matilda and lost her through deathfor she is slain by her father by mistakeis discovered to be the how to a mla, son of Alfonso and contribute to the essay, rightful heir to the estate. He concludes the tale by how to write wedding Isabella and preparing to live happily ever after, whilst Manfredwhose usurpation was the cause of his son’s supernatural death and his own supernatural harassingsretires to a monastery for application essay, penitence; his saddened wife seeking asylum in a mla a neighbouring convent. Such is the tale; flat, stilted, and writing service, altogether devoid of the true cosmic horror which makes weird literature. Yet such was the thirst of the how to write, age for those touches of strangeness and spectral antiquity which it reflects, that it was seriously received by the soundest readers and raised in spite of its intrinsic ineptness to a pedestal of lofty importance in literary history.

What it did above all else was to create a novel type of scene, puppet-characters, and incidents; which, handled to college writing service a winning better advantage by writers more naturally adapted to write weird creation, stimulated the growth of an state application essay, imitative Gothic school which in how to write a mla turn inspired the oklahoma state application essay, real weavers of cosmic terrorthe line of actual artists beginning with Poe. This novel dramatic paraphernalia consisted first of all of the Gothic castle, with its awesome antiquity, vast distances and ramblings, deserted or ruined wings, damp corridors, unwholesome hidden catacombs, and galaxy of ghosts and appalling legends, as a nucleus of suspense and daemoniac fright. In addition, it included the tyrannical and malevolent nobleman as villain; the saintly, longpersecuted, and generally insipid heroine who undergoes the major terrors and serves as a point of view and focus for the reader’s sympathies; the valorous and immaculate hero, always of high birth but often in humble disguise; the convention of high-sounding foreign names, mostly Italian, for the characters; and the infinite array of stage properties which includes strange lights, damp trap-doors, extinguished lamps, mouldy hidden manuscripts, creaking hinges, shaking arras, and the like. All this paraphernalia reappears with amusing sameness, yet sometimes with tremendous effect, throughout the history of the Gothic novel; and how to write, is by no means extinct even today, though subtler technique now forces it to assume a less naive and obvious form. An harmonious milieu for a new school had been found, and the writing world was not slow to grasp the diversity, opportunity. German romance at once responded to the Walpole influence, and a mla, soon became a byword for the weird and ghastly. In England one of the first imitators was the online, celebrated Mrs. Barbauld, then Miss Aikin, who in 1773 published an unfinished fragment called “Sir Bertrand”, in which the write, strings of genuine terror were truly touched with no clumsy hand. A nobleman on a dark and lonely moor, attracted by a tolling bell and distant light, enters a strange and ancient turreted castle whose doors open and close and whose bluish will-o’-the-wisps lead up mysterious staircases toward dead hands and animated black statues. A coffin with a dead lady, whom Sir Bertrand kisses, is finally reached; and upon the kiss the scene dissolves to give place to a splendid apartment where the lady, restored to life, holds a banquet in honour of her rescuer. Walpole admired this tale, though he accorded less respect to phd thesis mcnp an even more prominent offspring of his Otranto The Old English Baron, by Clara Reeve, published in 1777.

Truly enough, this tale lacks the write a mla, real vibration to the note of outer darkness and mystery which distinguishes Mrs. Barbauld’s fragment; and though less crude than Walpole’s novel, and phd thesis mcnp, more artistically economical of how to a mla horror in its possession of only one spectral figure, it is phd thesis mcnp nevertheless too definitely insipid for greatness. Here again we have the virtuous heir to how to a mla the castle disguised as a peasant and restored to his heritage through the ghost of his father; and essay phrasen, here again we have a case of wide popularity leading to many editions, dramatisation, and ultimate translation into French. Miss Reeve wrote another weird novel, unfortunately unpublished and write a mla, lost. The Gothic novel was now settled as a literary form, and instances multiply bewilderingly as the eighteenth century draws toward its close. The Recess, written in 1785 by Mrs. Sophia Lee, has the historic element, revolving round the twin daughters of Mary, Queen of college research papers online Scots; and though devoid of the supernatural, employs the Walpole scenery and mechanism with great dexterity. Five years later, and a mla, all existing lamps are paled by englisch phrasen the rising of a fresh luminary of wholly superior orderMrs.

Ann Radcliffe (17641823), whose famous novels made terror and suspense a fashion, and who set new and higher standards in the domain of macabre and fear-inspiring atmosphere despite a provoking custom of destroying her own phantoms at the last through laboured mechanical explanations. How To! To the familiar Gothic trappings of her predecessors Mrs. Radcliffe added a genuine sense of the phd thesis mcnp, unearthly in how to scene and incident which closely approached genius; every touch of setting and action contributing artistically to contribute diversity essay the impression of illimitable frightfulness which she wished to convey. A few sinister details like a track of blood on how to write, castle stairs, a groan from college application essay writing service, a distant vault, or a weird song in a nocturnal forest can with her conjure up the most powerful images of imminent horror; surpassing by far the extravagant and toilsome elaborations of others. Nor are these images in themselves any the less potent because they are explained away before the end of the novel. Mrs. Radcliffe’s visual imagination was very strong, and appears as much in her delightful landscape touchesalways in broad, glamorously pictorial outline, and never in close detailas in her weird phantasies. Her prime weaknesses, aside from the habit of how to prosaic disillusionment, are a tendency toward erroneous geography and history and a fatal predilection for bestrewing her novels with insipid little poems, attributed to one or another of the oklahoma, characters.

Mrs. Radcliffe wrote six novels; The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne (1789), A Sicilian Romance (1790), The Romance of the Forest (1791), The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794), The Italian (1797), and Gaston de Blondeville, composed in 1802 but first published posthumously in 1826. Of these Udolpho is by far the most famous, and write, may be taken as a type of the early Gothic tale at its best. College Application Essay Writing! It is the chronicle of Emily, a young Frenchwoman transplanted to an ancient and portentous castle in the Apennines through the death of her parents and the marriage of her aunt to the lord of the castlethe scheming nobleman Montoni. Mysterious sounds, opened doors, frightful legends, and a nameless horror in how to a mla a niche behind a black veil all operate in quick succession to unnerve the phd thesis mcnp, heroine and her faithful attendant Annette; but finally, after the death of her aunt, she escapes with the aid of a fellow-prisoner whom she has discovered. On the way home she stops at a chateau filled with fresh horrorsthe abandoned wing where the departed chatelaine dwelt, and the bed of death with the black pallbut is finally restored to how to a mla security and happiness with her lover Valancourt, after the clearing-up of a secret which seemed for a time to involve her birth in mystery.

Clearly, this is only the familiar material re-worked; but it is so well re-worked that Udolpho will always be a classic. Mrs. Radcliffe’s characters are puppets, but they are less markedly so than those of her forerunners. Englisch! And in atmospheric creation she stands preëminent among those of her time. Of Mrs. Radcliffe’s countless imitators, the American novelist Charles Brockden Brown stands the closest in spirit and method. Like her, he injured his creations by natural explanations; but also like her, he had an uncanny atmospheric power which gives his horrors a frightful vitality as long as they remain unexplained. He differed from her in contemptuously discarding the external Gothic paraphernalia and properties and choosing modern American scenes for his mysteries; but this repudiation did not extend to the Gothic spirit and type of incident. Brown’s novels involve some memorably frightful scenes, and how to write a mla, excel even Mrs.

Radcliffe’s in contribute to the essay describing the operations of the how to, perturbed mind. Edgar Huntly starts with a sleep-walker digging a grave, but is later impaired by touches of Godwinian didacticism. Ormond involves a member of a sinister secret brotherhood. That and Arthur Mervyn both describe the plague of yellow fever, which the author had witnessed in research Philadelphia and New York. But Brown’s most famous book is Wieland; or, The Transformation (1798), in which a Pennsylvania German, engulfed by a wave of religious fanaticism, hears voices and slays his wife and children as a sacrifice. His sister Clara, who tells the story, narrowly escapes. The scene, laid at the woodland estate of Mittingen on the Schuylkill’s remote reaches, is drawn with extreme vividness; and the terrors of write a mla Clara, beset by spectral tones, gathering fears, and the sound of strange footsteps in the lonely house, are all shaped with truly artistic force. In the end a lame ventriloquial explanation is offered, but the design report, atmosphere is genuine while it lasts. Carwin, the malign ventriloquist, is a typical villain of the Manfred or Montoni type. Horror in literature attains a new malignity in write a mla the work of Matthew Gregory Lewis (17751818), whose novel The Monk (1796) achieved marvellous popularity and earned him the nickname of “Monk” Lewis. This young author, educated in Germany and college application essay writing, saturated with a body of wild Teuton lore unknown to how to a mla Mrs.

Radcliffe, turned to terror in forms more violent than his gentle predecessor had ever dared to essay a winning think of; and produced as a result a masterpiece of active nightmare whose general Gothic cast is write a mla spiced with added stores of ghoulishness. The story is one of a Spanish monk, Ambrosio, who from a state of overproud virtue is tempted to the very nadir of evil by application writing service a winning a fiend in how to a mla the guise of the maiden Matilda; and who is finally, when awaiting death at the Inquisition’s hands, induced to purchase escape at the price of contribute to the his soul from the Devil, because he deems both body and how to write a mla, soul already lost. Forthwith the mocking Fiend snatches him to a lonely place, tells him he has sold his soul in vain since both pardon and a chance for salvation were approaching at design thesis report the moment of his hideous bargain, and completes the sardonic betrayal by rebuking him for his unnatural crimes, and casting his body down a precipice whilst his soul is borne off for how to a mla, ever to perdition. The novel contains some appalling descriptions such as the incantation in college online the vaults beneath the convent cemetery, the write, burning of the convent, and the final end of the wretched abbot. In the sub-plot where the contribute diversity, Marquis de las Cisternas meets the spectre of his erring ancestress, The Bleeding Nun, there are many enormously potent strokes; notably the visit of the animated corpse to the Marquis’s bedside, and the cabbalistic ritual whereby the Wandering Jew helps him to fathom and banish his dead tormentor. Write A Mla! Nevertheless The Monk drags sadly when read as a whole. It is too long and too diffuse, and to the diversity, much of its potency is marred by flippancy and by an awkwardly excessive reaction against those canons of decorum which Lewis at how to first despised as prudish. One great thing may be said of the author; that he never ruined his ghostly visions with a natural explanation. College Research! He succeeded in breaking up the Radcliffian tradition and expanding the field of the Gothic novel. Lewis wrote much more than The Monk. His drama, The Castle Spectre, was produced in 1798, and write, he later found time to pen other fictions in ballad form Tales of Terror (1799), Tales of Wonder (1801), and a succession of translations from the German.

Gothic romances, both English and German, now appeared in research papers multitudinous and mediocre profusion. Most of them were merely ridiculous in the light of mature taste, and Miss Austen’s famous satire Northanger Abbey was by no means an unmerited rebuke to a school which had sunk far toward absurdity. This particular school was petering out, but before its final subordination there arose its last and greatest figure in the person of Charles Robert Maturin (17821824), an obscure and eccentric Irish clergyman. Out of an ample body of miscellaneous writing which includes one confused Radcliffian imitation called Fatal Revenge; or, The Family of Montorio (1807), Maturin at length evolved the how to, vivid horror-masterpiece of contribute diversity essay Melmoth the Wanderer (1820), in which the Gothic tale climbed to altitudes of sheer spiritual fright which it had never known before. Melmoth is the tale of an how to write, Irish gentleman who, in the seventeenth century, obtained a preternaturally extended life from the Devil at the price of his soul.

If he can persuade another to take the bargain off his hands, and assume his existing state, he can be saved; but this he can never manage to effect, no matter how assiduously he haunts those whom despair has made reckless and frantic. The framework of the story is very clumsy; involving tedious length, digressive episodes, narratives within narratives, and design thesis, laboured dovetailing and coincidences; but at various points in the endless rambling there is felt a pulse of power undiscoverable in a mla any previous work of this kinda kinship to the essential truth of human nature, an understanding of the profoundest sources of actual cosmic fear, and thesis report, a white heat of sympathetic passion on the writer’s part which makes the book a true document of aesthetic self-expression rather than a mere clever compound of artifice. How To! No unbiassed reader can doubt that with Melmoth an enormous stride in contribute essay the evolution of the horror-tale is represented. How To Write! Fear is taken out of the realm of the conventional and exalted into a hideous cloud over mankind’s very destiny. College Research Online! Maturin’s shudders, the work of one capable of shuddering himself, are of the sort that convince. Mrs.

Radcliffe and Lewis are fair game for the parodist, but it would be difficult to find a false note in how to write the feverishly intensified action and contribute diversity, high atmospheric tension of the Irishman whose less sophisticated emotions and strain of Celtic mysticism gave him the finest possible natural equipment for his task. Without a doubt Maturin is a man of authentic genius, and he was so recognised by Balzac, who grouped Melmoth with Molière’s Don Juan, Goethe’s Faust, and Byron’s Manfred as the supreme allegorical figures of how to modern European literature, and wrote a whimsical piece called “Melmoth Reconciled”, in oklahoma which the Wanderer succeeds in passing his infernal bargain on to a Parisian bank defaulter, who in turn hands it along a chain of victims until a revelling gambler dies with it in his possession, and by his damnation ends the curse. Scott, Rossetti, Thackeray, and Baudelaire are the other titans who gave Maturin their unqualified admiration, and there is much significance in the fact that Oscar Wilde, after his disgrace and exile, chose for his last days in Paris the how to, assumed name of graphic design thesis report “Sebastian Melmoth”. Melmoth contains scenes which even now have not lost their power to evoke dread. It begins with a deathbedan old miser is a mla dying of sheer fright because of something he has seen, coupled with a manuscript he has read and a family portrait which hangs in oklahoma application an obscure closet of his centuried home in County Wicklow. He sends to how to Trinity College, Dublin, for his nephew John; and the latter upon arriving notes many uncanny things.

The eyes of the portrait in the closet glow horribly, and twice a figure strangely resembling the portrait appears momentarily at the door. Dread hangs over that house of the Melmoths, one of whose ancestors, “J. Melmoth, 1646”, the portrait represents. The dying miser declares that this manat a date slightly before 1800is alive. Finally the miser dies, and the nephew is told in college service a winning the will to destroy both the how to a mla, portrait and a manuscript to be found in a certain drawer. Reading the manuscript, which was written late in the seventeenth century by an Englishman named Stanton, young John learns of to the a terrible incident in Spain in 1677, when the writer met a horrible fellow- countryman and was told of how to write how he had stared to death a priest who tried to denounce him as one filled with fearsome evil. Oklahoma Essay! Later, after meeting the man again in London, Stanton is write a mla cast into a madhouse and visited by the stranger, whose approach is heralded by spectral music and college application essay writing a winning, whose eyes have a more than mortal glare. Melmoth the Wandererfor such is the malign visitoroffers the captive freedom if he will take over his bargain with the write a mla, Devil; but like all others whom Melmoth has approached, Stanton is proof against temptation. Melmoth’s description of the horrors of essay writing service a life in a madhouse, used to tempt Stanton, is one of the most potent passages of the book. Stanton is at length liberated, and spends the rest of his life tracking down Melmoth, whose family and ancestral abode he discovers.

With the family he leaves the manuscript, which by how to write a mla young John’s time is sadly ruinous and fragmentary. John destroys both portrait and manuscript, but in sleep is visited by phd thesis mcnp his horrible ancestor, who leaves a black and blue mark on his wrist. Young John soon afterward receives as a visitor a shipwrecked Spaniard, Alonzo de Monçada, who has escaped from compulsory monasticism and from the perils of the Inquisition. He has suffered horriblyand the how to write a mla, descriptions of his experiences under torment and in the vaults through which he once essays escape are classicbut had the strength to resist Melmoth the Wanderer when approached at his darkest hour in prison. At the house of a Jew who sheltered him after his escape he discovers a wealth of oklahoma manuscript relating other exploits of Melmoth including his wooing of an Indian island maiden, Immalee, who later comes to her birthright in Spain and is known as Donna Isidora; and of his horrible marriage to her by the corpse of a dead anchorite at midnight in the ruined chapel of a shunned and abhorred monastery. Monçada’s narrative to young John takes up the bulk of how to write Maturin’s four-volume book; this disproportion being considered one of the chief technical faults of the composition. At last the colloquies of englisch phrasen John and Monçada are interrupted by the entrance of Melmoth the Wanderer himself, his piercing eyes now fading, and decrepitude swiftly overtaking him. The term of his bargain has approached its end, and he has come home after a century and a half to meet his fate. Warning all others from the room, no matter what sounds they may hear in the night, he awaits the end alone. How To! Young John and Monçada hear frightful ululations, but do not intrude till silence comes toward morning.

They then find the room empty. Clayey footprints lead out a rear door to a cliff overlooking the sea, and near the edge of the precipice is a track indicating the forcible dragging of some heavy body. The Wanderer’s scarf is found on a crag some distance below the brink, but nothing further is ever seen or heard of him. Such is the story, and none can fail to notice the difference between this modulated, suggestive, and artistically moulded horror andto use the words of phd thesis mcnp Professor George Saintsbury“the artful but rather jejune rationalism of Mrs. Radcliffe, and the too often puerile extravagance, the bad taste, and the sometimes slipshod style of Lewis.” Maturin’s style in itself deserves particular praise, for its forcible directness and vitality lift it altogether above the pompous artificialities of which his predecessors are guilty.

Professor Edith Birkhead, in her history of the Gothic novel, justly observes that with all his faults Maturin was the greatest as well as the last of the Goths. Melmoth was widely read and eventually dramatised, but its late date in the evolution of the Gothic tale deprived it of the how to write a mla, tumultuous popularity of Udolpho and The Monk. Meanwhile other hands had not been idle, so that above the dreary plethora of trash like Marquis von Grosse’s Horrid Mysteries (1796), Mrs. Roche’s Children of the Abbey (1796), Miss Dacre’s Zofloya; or, The Moor (1806), and the poet Shelley’s schoolboy effusions Zastrozzi (1810) and St. Oklahoma Essay! Irvyne (1811) (both imitations of Zofloya ) there arose many memorable weird works both in English and German. Classic in merit, and markedly different from its fellows because of its foundation in the Oriental tale rather than the Walpolesque Gothic novel, is the celebrated History of the Caliph Vathek by the wealthy dilettante William Beckford, first written in the French language but published in an English translation before the appearance of the original.

Eastern tales, introduced to write European literature early in the eighteenth century through Galland’s French translation of the inexhaustibly opulent Arabian Nights, had become a reigning fashion; being used both for allegory and for amusement. The sly humour which only the Eastern mind knows how to state essay mix with weirdness had captivated a sophisticated generation, till Bagdad and Damascus names became as freely strown through popular literature as dashing Italian and Spanish ones were soon to be. Beckford, well read in Eastern romance, caught the atmosphere with unusual receptivity; and in his fantastic volume reflected very potently the haughty luxury, sly disillusion, bland cruelty, urbane treachery, and shadowy spectral horror of the Saracen spirit. His seasoning of the ridiculous seldom mars the force of his sinister theme, and the tale marches onward with a phantasmagoric pomp in which the laughter is that of skeletons feasting under Arabesque domes. Write! Vathek is a tale of the grandson of the Caliph Haroun, who, tormented by that ambition for super-terrestrial power, pleasure, and learning which animates the average Gothic villain or Byronic hero (essentially cognate types), is lured by an evil genius to seek the subterranean throne of the mighty and fabulous pre-Adamite sultans in the fiery halls of Eblis, the Mahometan Devil.

The descriptions of Vathek’s palaces and diversions, of his scheming sorceress-mother Carathis and her witch-tower with the fifty one-eyed negresses, of his pilgrimage to the haunted ruins of to the diversity Istakhar (Persepolis) and of the how to, impish bride Nouronihar whom he treacherously acquired on the way, of college research papers Istakhar’s primordial towers and terraces in the burning moonlight of the waste, and of the terrible Cyclopean halls of Eblis, where, lured by glittering promises, each victim is compelled to wander in anguish for ever, his right hand upon write a mla, his blazingly ignited and eternally burning heart, are triumphs of weird colouring which raise the book to a permanent place in English letters. No less notable are the three Episodes of essay englisch phrasen Vathek, intended for insertion in the tale as narratives of how to a mla Vathek’s fellow-victims in Eblis’ infernal halls, which remained unpublished throughout the author’s lifetime and graphic, were discovered as recently as 1909 by the scholar Lewis Melville whilst collecting material for his Life and Letters of William Beckford. Beckford, however, lacks the essential mysticism which marks the a mla, acutest form of the weird; so that his tales have a certain knowing Latin hardness and clearness preclusive of sheer panic fright. But Beckford remained alone in his devotion to graphic design report the Orient. How To! Other writers, closer to the Gothic tradition and to European life in general, were content to follow more faithfully in the lead of contribute to the Walpole.

Among the countless producers of terror-literature in these times may be mentioned the Utopian economic theorist William Godwin, who followed his famous but non-supernatural Caleb Williams (1794) with the intendedly weird St. Leon (1799), in which the theme of the elixir of life, as developed by the imaginary secret order of “Rosicrucians”, is handled with ingeniousness if not with atmospheric convincingness. This element of Rosicrucianism, fostered by a wave of popular magical interest exemplified in the vogue of the how to a mla, charlatan Cagliostro and the publication of Francis Barrett’s The Magus (1801), a curious and compendious treatise on occult principles and ceremonies, of which a reprint was made as lately as 1896, figures in Bulwer-Lytton and in many late Gothic novels, especially that remote and enfeebled posterity which straggled far down into the nineteenth century and was represented by state application George W. M. Reynolds’ Faust and the Demon and Wagner, the how to write, Wehr-wolf. Caleb Williams, though non-supernatural, has many authentic touches of terror. It is the papers, tale of a servant persecuted by a master whom he has found guilty of a mla murder, and displays an invention and skill which have kept it alive in a fashion to this day.

It was dramatised as The Iron Chest, and in that form was almost equally celebrated. Godwin, however, was too much the conscious teacher and prosaic man of thought to create a genuine weird masterpiece. His daughter, the wife of Shelley, was much more successful; and her inimitable Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818) is one of the horror-classics of all time. Composed in competition with her husband, Lord Byron, and Dr. John William Polidori in an effort to prove supremacy in horror-making, Mrs. Shelley’s Frankenstein was the only one of the rival narratives to be brought to papers online an elaborate completion; and criticism has failed to write prove that the best parts are due to Shelley rather than to her. The novel, somewhat tinged but scarcely marred by moral didacticism, tells of the phd thesis mcnp, artificial human being moulded from charnel fragments by Victor Frankenstein, a young Swiss medical student. Created by how to write a mla its designer “in the mad pride of intellectuality”, the monster possesses full intelligence but owns a hideously loathsome form. Graphic Design Report! It is how to write a mla rejected by mankind, becomes embittered, and at length begins the successive murder of all whom young Frankenstein loves best, friends and family. It demands that Frankenstein create a wife for it; and when the student finally refuses in horror lest the world be populated with such monsters, it departs with a hideous threat ‘to be with him on his wedding night’.

Upon that night the bride is strangled, and phd thesis mcnp, from that time on Frankenstein hunts down the monster, even into the wastes of the Arctic. In the end, whilst seeking shelter on the ship of the man who tells the story, Frankenstein himself is a mla killed by the shocking object of his search and creation of college research papers his presumptuous pride. Some of the scenes in Frankenstein are unforgettable, as when the newly animated monster enters its creator’s room, parts the curtains of his bed, and gazes at him in the yellow moonlight with watery eyes“if eyes they may be called”. Mrs. Shelley wrote other novels, including the fairly notable Last Man; but never duplicated the success of her first effort. It has the true touch of cosmic fear, no matter how much the movement may lag in places. Dr. Polidori developed his competing idea as a long short story, “The Vampyre”; in how to write which we behold a suave villain of the design thesis, true Gothic or Byronic type, and encounter some excellent passages of stark fright, including a terrible nocturnal experience in a shunned Grecian wood. In this same period Sir Walter Scott frequently concerned himself with the weird, weaving it into many of his novels and poems, and sometimes producing such independent bits of narration as “The Tapestried Chamber” or “Wandering Willie’s Tale” in Redgauntlet, in the latter of which the force of the how to, spectral and application writing a winning, the diabolic is enhanced by a grotesque homeliness of speech and write, atmosphere. In 1830 Scott published his Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft, which still forms one of research papers online our best compendia of European witch-lore.

Washington Irving is another famous figure not unconnected with the weird; for though most of his ghosts are too whimsical and humorous to form genuinely spectral literature, a distinct inclination in how to write this direction is to be noted in many of his productions. “The German Student” in Tales of a Traveller (1824) is a slyly concise and effective presentation of the old legend of the dead bride, whilst woven into graphic design thesis report, the comic tissue of “The Money-Diggers” in the same volume is more than one hint of piratical apparitions in the realms which Captain Kidd once roamed. How To A Mla! Thomas Moore also joined the ranks of the phd thesis mcnp, macabre artists in write a mla the poem Alciphron, which he later elaborated into the prose novel of phrasen The Epicurean (1827). How To Write! Though merely relating the adventures of phrasen a young Athenian duped by the artifice of a mla cunning Egyptian priests, Moore manages to infuse much genuine horror into his account of subterranean frights and oklahoma state application, wonders beneath the primordial temples of Memphis. De Quincey more than once revels in grotesque and arabesque terrors, though with a desultoriness and learned pomp which deny him the rank of specialist. This era likewise saw the rise of William Harrison Ainsworth, whose romantic novels teem with the eerie and the gruesome. Capt. How To Write! Marryat, besides writing such short tales as “The Werewolf”, made a memorable contribution in The Phantom Ship (1839), founded on the legend of the Flying Dutchman, whose spectral and graphic thesis report, accursed vessel sails for ever near the Cape of Good Hope.

Dickens now rises with occasional weird bits like “The Signalman”, a tale of ghostly warning conforming to how to a very common pattern and touched with a verisimilitude which allies it as much with the coming psychological school as with the dying Gothic school. At this time a wave of interest in essay englisch spiritualistic charlatanry, mediumism, Hindoo theosophy, and such matters, much like that of the present day, was flourishing; so that the number of weird tales with a “psychic” or pseudo-scientific basis became very considerable. For a number of these the prolific and popular Lord Edward Bulwer-Lytton was responsible; and despite the large doses of turgid rhetoric and empty romanticism in how to write a mla his products, his success in the weaving of a certain kind of contribute bizarre charm cannot be denied. “The House and the Brain”, which hints of Rosicrucianism and at how to write a malign and deathless figure perhaps suggested by Louis XV’s mysterious courtier St. Germain, yet survives as one of the best short haunted-house tales ever written. The novel Zanoni (1842) contains similar elements more elaborately handled, and introduces a vast unknown sphere of being pressing on our own world and guarded by a horrible “Dweller of the Threshold” who haunts those who try to enter and college papers online, fail. Here we have a benign brotherhood kept alive from how to, age to age till finally reduced to a single member, and college application essay service a winning, as a hero an ancient Chaldaean sorcerer surviving in how to a mla the pristine bloom of youth to perish on the guillotine of the phd thesis mcnp, French Revolution. Though full of the conventional spirit of romance, marred by a ponderous network of symbolic and didactic meanings, and left unconvincing through lack of perfect atmospheric realisation of the situations hinging on the spectral world, Zanoni is how to write a mla really an excellent performance as a romantic novel; and oklahoma state, can be read with genuine interest today by the not too sophisticated reader.

It is how to write amusing to note that in essay englisch describing an attempted initiation into the ancient brotherhood the author cannot escape using the stock Gothic castle of Walpolian lineage. In A Strange Story (1862) Bulwer-Lytton shews a marked improvement in the creation of weird images and moods. The novel, despite enormous length, a highly artificial plot bolstered up by opportune coincidences, and an atmosphere of homiletic pseudo-science designed to please the matter-of-fact and purposeful Victorian reader, is exceedingly effective as a narrative; evoking instantaneous and unflagging interest, and how to, furnishing many potentif somewhat melodramatictableaux and state essay, climaxes. How To A Mla! Again we have the mysterious user of life’s elixir in the person of the soulless magician Margrave, whose dark exploits stand out with dramatic vividness against the modern background of a quiet English town and of the Australian bush; and application essay, again we have shadowy intimations of a vast spectral world of the unknown in the very air about usthis time handled with much greater power and how to write a mla, vitality than in Zanoni. One of the two great incantation passages, where the hero is driven by a luminous evil spirit to rise at night in his sleep, take a strange Egyptian wand, and evoke nameless presences in the haunted and mausoleum-facing pavilion of a famous Renaissance alchemist, truly stands among the major terror scenes of literature. Just enough is suggested, and just little enough is told. Unknown words are twice dictated to oklahoma application essay the sleep-walker, and write a mla, as he repeats them the design report, ground trembles, and all the dogs of the countryside begin to bay at half-seen amorphous shadows that stalk athwart the moonlight. When a third set of unknown words is prompted, the sleep-walker’s spirit suddenly rebels at uttering them, as if the soul could recognise ultimate abysmal horrors concealed from the mind; and at last an write, apparition of an absent sweetheart and good angel breaks the malign spell. This fragment well illustrates how far Lord Lytton was capable of progressing beyond his usual pomp and stock romance toward that crystalline essence of englisch phrasen artistic fear which belongs to the domain of poetry.

In describing certain details of incantations, Lytton was greatly indebted to his amusingly serious occult studies, in the course of write which he came in touch with that odd French scholar and cabbalist Alphonse-Louis Constant (“Eliphas Lévi”), who claimed to possess the secrets of essay phrasen ancient magic, and to have evoked the spectre of the how to write, old Grecian wizard Apollonius of Tyana, who lived in Nero’s time. The romantic, semi-Gothic, quasi-moral tradition here represented was carried far down the nineteenth century by such authors as Joseph Sheridan LeFanu, Thomas Preskett Prest with his famous Varney, the Vampyre (1847), Wilkie Collins, the late Sir H. Rider Haggard (whose She is really remarkably good), Sir A. Conan Doyle, H. G. Application Essay Service! Wells, and Robert Louis Stevensonthe latter of write a mla whom, despite an atrocious tendency toward jaunty mannerisms, created permanent classics in phd thesis mcnp “Markheim”, “The Body-Snatcher”, and Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. How To A Mla! Indeed, we may say that this school still survives; for to research it clearly belong such of our contemporary horror-tales as specialise in events rather than atmospheric details, address the a mla, intellect rather than the impressionistic imagination, cultivate a luminous glamour rather than a malign tensity or psychological verisimilitude, and take a definite stand in sympathy with mankind and its welfare. It has its undeniable strength, and because of its “human element” commands a wider audience than does the sheer artistic nightmare. If not quite so potent as the latter, it is because a diluted product can never achieve the intensity of writing service a concentrated essence.

Quite alone both as a novel and how to a mla, as a piece of terror-literature stands the application essay, famous Wuthering Heights (1847) by Emily Brontë, with its mad vista of bleak, windswept Yorkshire moors and the violent, distorted lives they foster. Though primarily a tale of life, and of human passions in agony and conflict, its epically cosmic setting affords room for horror of the most spiritual sort. How To Write A Mla! Heathcliff, the modified Byronic villain-hero, is englisch a strange dark waif found in the streets as a small child and speaking only a strange gibberish till adopted by the family he ultimately ruins. That he is in truth a diabolic spirit rather than a human being is more than once suggested, and the unreal is further approached in the experience of the how to write, visitor who encounters a plaintive child-ghost at a bough-brushed upper window. Between Heathcliff and Catherine Earnshaw is a tie deeper and more terrible than human love. After her death he twice disturbs her grave, and is haunted by an impalpable presence which can be nothing less than her spirit. The spirit enters his life more and design thesis report, more, and at last he becomes confident of some imminent mystical reunion. He says he feels a strange change approaching, and ceases to take nourishment. At night he either walks abroad or opens the casement by his bed. When he dies the casement is how to write a mla still swinging open to englisch the pouring rain, and a queer smile pervades the stiffened face. They bury him in a grave beside the mound he has haunted for eighteen years, and small shepherd boys say that he yet walks with his Catherine in the churchyard and on the moor when it rains.

Their faces, too, are sometimes seen on rainy nights behind that upper casement at write Wuthering Heights. Miss Brontë’s eerie terror is no mere Gothic echo, but a tense expression of man’s shuddering reaction to the unknown. In this respect, Wuthering Heights becomes the symbol of a literary transition, and marks the growth of a new and sounder school. On the Continent literary horror fared well. The celebrated short tales and novels of Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann (17761822) are a byword for mellowness of background and oklahoma application essay, maturity of form, though they incline to levity and extravagance, and lack the exalted moments of write a mla stark, breathless terror which a less sophisticated writer might have achieved. Generally they convey the grotesque rather than the terrible. Most artistic of all the essay englisch phrasen, Continental weird tales is the German classic Undine (1811), by Friedrich Heinrich Karl, Baron de la Motte Fouqué. In this story of a water-spirit who married a mortal and gained a human soul there is a delicate fineness of craftsmanship which makes it notable in any department of literature, and an easy naturalness which places it close to the genuine folk-myth. It is, in fact, derived from a tale told by the Renaissance physician and alchemist Paracelsus in his Treatise on Elemental Sprites.

Undine, daughter of a powerful water-prince, was exchanged by her father as a small child for a fisherman’s daughter, in order that she might acquire a soul by write wedding a human being. Meeting the englisch, noble youth Huldbrand at the cottage of her foster-father by the sea at the edge of a haunted wood, she soon marries him, and accompanies him to his ancestral castle of Ringstetten. Huldbrand, however, eventually wearies of his wife’s supernatural affiliations, and especially of the appearances of her uncle, the malicious woodland waterfall-spirit Kühleborn; a weariness increased by how to his growing affection for Bertalda, who turns out to be the fisherman’s child for phd thesis mcnp, whom Undine was exchanged. At length, on a voyage down the Danube, he is provoked by some innocent act of his devoted wife to utter the angry words which consign her back to her supernatural element; from how to write, which she can, by the laws of her species, return only onceto kill him, whether she will or no, if ever he prove unfaithful to her memory. Later, when Huldbrand is about to be married to Bertalda, Undine returns for her sad duty, and bears his life away in tears.

When he is buried among his fathers in the village churchyard a veiled, snow-white female figure appears among the mourners, but after the college application essay service a winning, prayer is seen no more. In her place is seen a little silver spring, which murmurs its way almost completely around the new grave, and empties into a neighbouring lake. The villagers shew it to this day, and write, say that Undine and her Huldbrand are thus united in death. Many passages and atmospheric touches in this tale reveal Fouqué as an graphic report, accomplished artist in the field of the macabre; especially the a mla, descriptions of the haunted wood with its gigantic snow-white man and various unnamed terrors, which occur early in the narrative. Not so well known as Undine, but remarkable for its convincing realism and freedom from Gothic stock devices, is the Amber Witch of Wilhelm Meinhold, another product of the German fantastic genius of the earlier nineteenth century. This tale, which is laid in the time of the Thirty Years’ War, purports to be a clergyman’s manuscript found in an old church at contribute to the diversity essay Coserow, and centres round the writer’s daughter, Maria Schweidler, who is a mla wrongly accused of witchcraft. She has found a deposit of writing amber which she keeps secret for various reasons, and the unexplained wealth obtained from this lends colour to the accusation; an accusation instigated by the malice of the wolf-hunting nobleman Wittich Appelmann, who has vainly pursued her with ignoble designs.

The deeds of a mla a real witch, who afterward comes to a horrible supernatural end in prison, are glibly imputed to the hapless Maria; and after a typical witchcraft trial with forced confessions under torture she is about to be burned at the stake when saved just in time by phd thesis mcnp her lover, a noble youth from a neighbouring district. Meinhold’s great strength is in his air of casual and realistic verisimilitude, which intensifies our suspense and sense of the unseen by half persuading us that the how to, menacing events must somehow be either the truth or very close to the truth. Indeed, so thorough is this realism that a popular magazine once published the main points of graphic thesis report The Amber Witch as an actual occurrence of the seventeenth century! In the present generation German horror-fiction is most notably represented by Hanns Heinz Ewers, who brings to bear on his dark conceptions an how to a mla, effective knowledge of application essay writing a winning modern psychology. Novels like The Sorcerer’s Apprentice and Alraune, and short stories like “The Spider”, contain distinctive qualities which raise them to a classic level. But France as well as Germany has been active in the realm of how to write a mla weirdness. Victor Hugo, in oklahoma application essay such tales as Hans of Iceland, and Balzac, in The Wild Ass’s Skin, Séraphîta, and Louis Lambert, both employ supernaturalism to a greater or less extent; though generally only how to as a means to some more human end, and without the graphic report, sincere and daemonic intensity which characterises the born artist in shadows. It is in Théophile Gautier that we first seem to find an authentic French sense of the unreal world, and here there appears a spectral mastery which, though not continuously used, is recognisable at once as something alike genuine and write a mla, profound. Short tales like “Avatar”, “The Foot of the Mummy”, and “Clarimonde” display glimpses of forbidden visits that allure, tantalise, and sometimes horrify; whilst the Egyptian visions evoked in “One of Cleopatra’s Nights” are of the keenest and most expressive potency.

Gautier captured the inmost soul of aeon-weighted Egypt, with its cryptic life and application essay writing a winning, Cyclopean architecture, and uttered once and for all the eternal horror of how to its nether world of catacombs, where to the end of time millions of stiff, spiced corpses will stare up in the blackness with glassy eyes, awaiting some awesome and unrelatable summons. Gustave Flaubert ably continued the state essay, tradition of Gautier in orgies of how to write a mla poetic phantasy like The Temptation of St. Anthony, and but for a strong realistic bias might have been an contribute essay, arch-weaver of tapestried terrors. Later on we see the stream divide, producing strange poets and fantaisistes of the how to write a mla, Symbolist and Decadent schools whose dark interests really centre more in phd thesis mcnp abnormalities of human thought and instinct than in write the actual supernatural, and subtle story-tellers whose thrills are quite directly derived from the night-black wells of cosmic unreality. Of the former class of “artists in sin” the illustrious poet Baudelaire, influenced vastly by research papers Poe, is the supreme type; whilst the psychological novelist Joris-Karl Huysmans, a true child of the eighteen-nineties, is at once the summation and finale. The latter and purely narrative class is continued by Prosper Mérimée, whose “Venus of write Ille” presents in terse and convincing prose the same ancient statue-bride theme which Thomas Moore cast in ballad form in “The Ring”. The horror-tales of the powerful and cynical Guy de Maupassant, written as his final madness gradually overtook him, present individualities of their own; being rather the morbid outpourings of a realistic mind in a pathological state than the healthy imaginative products of a vision naturally disposed toward phantasy and sensitive to the normal illusions of the unseen. Nevertheless they are of the keenest interest and poignancy; suggesting with marvellous force the imminence of nameless terrors, and the relentless dogging of an ill-starred individual by hideous and menacing representatives of the outer blackness. Of these stories “The Horla” is generally regarded as the masterpiece.

Relating the advent to graphic France of an invisible being who lives on water and milk, sways the minds of others, and seems to be the vanguard of how to a mla a horde of extra-terrestrial organisms arrived on earth to subjugate and overwhelm mankind, this tense narrative is perhaps without a peer in its particular department; notwithstanding its indebtedness to a tale by the American Fitz-James O’Brien for details in oklahoma state essay describing the actual presence of the unseen monster. Other potently dark creations of de Maupassant are “Who Knows?”, “The Spectre”, “He?”, “The Diary of a Madman”, “The White Wolf”, “On the River”, and the grisly verses entitled “Horror”. The collaborators Erckmann-Chatrian enriched French literature with many spectral fancies like The Man-Wolf, in which a transmitted curse works toward its end in a traditional Gothic-castle setting. Their power of creating a shuddering midnight atmosphere was tremendous despite a tendency toward natural explanations and scientific wonders; and few short tales contain greater horror than “The Invisible Eye”, where a malignant old hag weaves nocturnal hypnotic spells which induce the successive occupants of a certain inn chamber to a mla hang themselves on a cross-beam. “The Owl’s Ear” and “The Waters of Death” are full of engulfing darkness and mystery, the college essay service, latter embodying the familiar overgrown-spider theme so frequently employed by weird fictionists. Villiers de l’Isle-Adam likewise followed the macabre school; his “Torture by Hope”, the write, tale of a stake-condemned prisoner permitted to escape in order to feel the pangs of recapture, being held by some to constitute the most harrowing short story in literature. This type, however, is less a part of the weird tradition than a class peculiar to itselfthe so-called conte cruel, in application essay which the wrenching of the emotions is accomplished through dramatic tantalisations, frustrations, and gruesome physical horrors.

Almost wholly devoted to this form is the living writer Maurice Level, whose very brief episodes have lent themselves so readily to how to write theatrical adaptation in the “thrillers” of the Grand Guignol. As a matter of phd thesis mcnp fact, the French genius is more naturally suited to this dark realism than to the suggestion of the unseen; since the latter process requires, for its best and how to write a mla, most sympathetic development on a large scale, the inherent mysticism of the Northern mind. A very flourishing, though till recently quite hidden, branch of phrasen weird literature is how to write a mla that of the Jews, kept alive and papers online, nourished in obscurity by the sombre heritage of early Eastern magic, apocalyptic literature, and cabbalism. The Semitic mind, like the Celtic and Teutonic, seems to possess marked mystical inclinations; and the wealth of underground horror-lore surviving in how to ghettoes and synagogues must be much more considerable than is generally imagined. To The Essay! Cabbalism itself, so prominent during the Middle Ages, is a system of philosophy explaining the universe as emanations of the Deity, and involving the existence of strange spiritual realms and beings apart from the visible world, of which dark glimpses may be obtained through certain secret incantations. Its ritual is bound up with mystical interpretations of the Old Testament, and attributes an esoteric significance to each letter of the Hebrew alphabeta circumstance which has imparted to Hebrew letters a sort of spectral glamour and potency in the popular literature of magic. How To Write! Jewish folklore has preserved much of the essay, terror and mystery of the past, and when more thoroughly studied is likely to exert considerable influence on weird fiction.

The best examples of its literary use so far are the German novel The Golem, by Gustav Meyrink, and the drama The Dybbuk, by write a mla the Jewish writer using the pseudonym “Ansky”. The former, with its haunting shadowy suggestions of marvels and horrors just beyond reach, is laid in writing Prague, and describes with singular mastery that city’s ancient ghetto with its spectral, peaked gables. The name is derived from a fabulous artificial giant supposed to be made and animated by write a mla mediaeval rabbis according to a certain cryptic formula. Contribute To The Essay! The Dybbuk, translated and produced in America in 1925, and more recently produced as an opera, describes with singular power the possession of a living body by how to write the evil soul of essay englisch phrasen a dead man. Both golems and dybbuks are fixed types, and serve as frequent ingredients of later Jewish tradition.

In the eighteen-thirties occurred a literary dawn directly affecting not only the history of the a mla, weird tale, but that of short fiction as a whole; and indirectly moulding the trends and fortunes of graphic design report a great European aesthetic school. It is our good fortune as Americans to be able to claim that dawn as our own, for it came in the person of our illustrious and unfortunate fellow-countryman Edgar Allan Poe. Poe’s fame has been subject to curious undulations, and how to write a mla, it is design thesis now a fashion amongst the “advanced intelligentsia” to how to write a mla minimise his importance both as an artist and as an influence; but it would be hard for any mature and reflective critic to deny the tremendous value of his work and the pervasive potency of his mind as an opener of college research papers online artistic vistas. True, his type of outlook may have been anticipated; but it was he who first realised its possibilities and gave it supreme form and systematic expression. True also, that subsequent writers may have produced greater single tales than his; but again we must comprehend that it was only write a mla he who taught them by example and precept the art which they, having the way cleared for them and given an explicit guide, were perhaps able to carry to greater lengths. Whatever his limitations, Poe did that which no one else ever did or could have done; and to him we owe the modern horror-story in its final and perfected state. Before Poe the bulk of weird writers had worked largely in the dark; without an understanding of the psychological basis of the horror appeal, and hampered by contribute diversity essay more or less of conformity to certain empty literary conventions such as the how to, happy ending, virtue rewarded, and in general a hollow moral didacticism, acceptance of popular standards and values, and striving of the contribute to the essay, author to obtrude his own emotions into the story and how to write a mla, take sides with the partisans of the majority’s artificial ideas. Poe, on the other hand, perceived the essential impersonality of the real artist; and knew that the function of creative fiction is merely to state application essay express and interpret events and sensations as they are, regardless of how they tend or what they provegood or evil, attractive or repulsive, stimulating or depressingwith the author always acting as a vivid and detached chronicler rather than as a teacher, sympathiser, or vendor of opinion.

He saw clearly that all phases of life and thought are equally eligible as subject-matter for the artist, and being inclined by temperament to strangeness and how to write, gloom, decided to be the interpreter of those powerful feeling, and frequent happenings which attend pain rather than pleasure, decay rather than growth, terror rather than tranquillity, and which are fundamentally either adverse or indifferent to the tastes and traditional outward sentiments of mankind, and to the health, sanity, and normal expansive welfare of the species. Poe’s spectres thus acquired a convincing malignity possessed by none of their predecessors, and established a new standard of realism in the annals of literary horror. Phd Thesis Mcnp! The impersonal and artistic intent, moreover, was aided by a scientific attitude not often found before; whereby Poe studied the human mind rather than the usages of Gothic fiction, and worked with an analytical knowledge of terror’s true sources which doubled the force of his narratives and emancipated him from all the absurdities inherent in merely conventional shudder-coining. This example having been set, later authors were naturally forced to conform to it in order to how to write a mla compete at all; so that in this way a definite change began to affect the main stream of macabre writing. Poe, too, set a fashion in oklahoma application consummate craftsmanship; and write, although today some of research papers his own work seems slightly melodramatic and unsophisticated, we can constantly trace his influence in such things as the maintenance of a single mood and achievement of a single impression in a tale, and the rigorous paring down of how to write incidents to such as have a direct bearing on the plot and will figure prominently in the climax. Truly may it be said that Poe invented the short story in its present form.

His elevation of application essay service a winning disease, perversity, and decay to the level of artistically expressible themes was likewise infinitely far-reaching in effect; for avidly seized, sponsored, and intensified by his eminent French admirer Charles Pierre Baudelaire, it became the nucleus of the principal aesthetic movements in France, thus making Poe in a sense the father of the Decadents and the Symbolists. Poet and critic by nature and supreme attainment, logician and philosopher by taste and mannerism, Poe was by no means immune from defects and affectations. How To Write A Mla! His pretence to profound and obscure scholarship, his blundering ventures in stilted and contribute to the diversity essay, laboured pseudo-humour, and his often vitriolic outbursts of how to write critical prejudice must all be recognised and forgiven. Essay Englisch Phrasen! Beyond and above them, and dwarfing them to insignificance, was a master’s vision of the terror that stalks about and within us, and the worm that writhes and slavers in the hideously close abyss. Penetrating to every festering horror in how to write the gaily painted mockery called existence, and in college application a winning the solemn masquerade called human thought and write a mla, feelings that vision had power to project itself in blackly magical crystallisations and transmutations; till there bloomed in the sterile America of the ’thirties and ’forties such a moon-nourished garden of gorgeous poison fungi as not even the nether slope of to the diversity essay Saturn might boast. Verses and how to write, tales alike sustain the burthen of cosmic panic. The raven whose noisome beak pierces the oklahoma application essay, heart, the ghouls that toll iron bells in write pestilential steeples, the vault of Ulalume in the black October night, the shocking spires and domes under the sea, the “wild, weird clime that lieth, sublime, out of Spaceout of Time”all these things and more leer at us amidst maniacal rattlings in the seething nightmare of the poetry.

And in the prose there yawn open for us the very jaws of the pitinconceivable abnormalities slyly hinted into a horrible half-knowledge by words whose innocence we scarcely doubt till the cracked tension of the speaker’s hollow voice bids us fear their nameless implications; daemoniac patterns and presences slumbering noxiously till waked for one phobic instant into a shrieking revelation that cackles itself to sudden madness or explodes in report memorable and how to, cataclysmic echoes. A Witches’ Sabbath of horror flinging off decorous robes is flashed before usa sight the more monstrous because of the scientific skill with which every particular is essay marshalled and a mla, brought into an easy apparent relation to the known gruesomeness of material life. Poe’s tales, of course, fall into several classes; some of which contain a purer essence of spiritual horror than others. The tales of logic and ratiocination, forerunners of the modern detective story, are not to be included at all in weird literature; whilst certain others, probably influenced considerably by Hoffmann, possess an extravagance which relegates them to the borderline of the grotesque. Still a third group deal with abnormal psychology and monomania in graphic thesis such a way as to express terror but not weirdness. A substantial residuum, however, represent the literature of how to write a mla supernatural horror in its acutest form; and give their author a permanent and graphic design report, unassailable place as deity and fountain-head of how to write all modern diabolic fiction. Who can forget the terrible swollen ship poised on the billow-chasm’s edge in “MS.

Found in a Bottle”the dark intimations of her unhallowed age and englisch phrasen, monstrous growth, her sinister crew of how to write a mla unseeing greybeards, and her frightful southward rush under full sail through the ice of the Antarctic night, sucked onward by some resistless devil-current toward a vortex of eldritch enlightenment which must end in destruction? Then there is the unutterable “M. Valdemar”, kept together by hypnotism for seven months after his death, and uttering frantic sounds but a moment before the breaking of the spell leaves him “a nearly liquid mass of loathsomeof detestable putrescence”. In the Narrative of A. Gordon Pym the design report, voyagers reach first a strange south polar land of murderous savages where nothing is white and how to write, where vast rocky ravines have the form of titanic Egyptian letters spelling terrible primal arcana of earth; and thereafter a still more mysterious realm where everything is graphic design thesis report white, and where shrouded giants and how to write, snowy-plumed birds guard a cryptic cataract of mist which empties from immeasurable celestial heights into a torrid milky sea. “Metzengerstein” horrifies with its malign hints of a monstrous metempsychosisthe mad nobleman who burns the stable of his hereditary foe; the phd thesis mcnp, colossal unknown horse that issues from the a mla, blazing building after the owner has perished therein; the state application, vanishing bit of ancient tapestry where was shewn the giant horse of the victim’s ancestor in the Crusades; the madman’s wild and constant riding on how to, the great horse, and his fear and service a winning, hatred of the steed; the meaningless prophecies that brood obscurely over the warring houses; and finally, the burning of the madman’s palace and the death therein of the owner, borne helpless into the flames and up the vast staircases astride the beast he has ridden so strangely. Afterward the rising smoke of the ruins takes the form of a gigantic horse. “The Man of the write, Crowd”, telling of one who roams day and night to mingle with streams of people as if afraid to be alone, has quieter effects, but implies nothing less of essay writing service a winning cosmic fear. Poe’s mind was never far from terror and decay, and we see in every tale, poem, and philosophical dialogue a tense eagerness to fathom unplumbed wells of night, to pierce the veil of death, and to reign in fancy as lord of the how to write a mla, frightful mysteries of time and contribute to the diversity essay, space. Certain of Poe’s tales possess an almost absolute perfection of artistic form which makes them veritable beacon-lights in write a mla the province of the short story. Poe could, when he wished, give to his prose a richly poetic cast; employing that archaic and Orientalised style with jewelled phrase, quasi-Biblical repetition, and recurrent burthen so successfully used by later writers like Oscar Wilde and phd thesis mcnp, Lord Dunsany; and in a mla the cases where he has done this we have an effect of lyrical phantasy almost narcotic in essencean opium pageant of dream in the language of dream, with every unnatural colour and grotesque image bodied forth in a symphony of corresponding sound. “The Masque of the Red Death”, “SilenceA Fable”, and “ShadowA Parable” are assuredly poems in graphic design every sense of the word save the metrical one, and owe as much of their power to aural cadence as to visual imagery. Write! But it is in two of the less openly poetic tales, “Ligeia” and “The Fall of the House of Usher”especially the latterthat one finds those very summits of artistry whereby Poe takes his place at the head of fictional miniaturists.

Simple and straightforward in graphic thesis report plot, both of these tales owe their supreme magic to the cunning development which appears in the selection and collocation of every least incident. “Ligeia” tells of a first wife of lofty and mysterious origin, who after death returns through a preternatural force of will to take possession of the body of a second wife; imposing even her physical appearance on the temporary reanimated corpse of how to a mla her victim at the last moment. Despite a suspicion of prolixity and topheaviness, the application essay, narrative reaches its terrific climax with relentless power. “Usher”, whose superiority in detail and proportion is how to write very marked, hints shudderingly of phd thesis mcnp obscure life in inorganic things, and displays an a mla, abnormally linked trinity of entities at the end of a long and isolated family historya brother, his twin sister, and their incredibly ancient house all sharing a single soul and meeting one common dissolution at the same moment. These bizarre conceptions, so awkward in unskilful hands, become under Poe’s spell living and phd thesis mcnp, convincing terrors to haunt our nights; and all because the author understood so perfectly the how to, very mechanics and physiology of fear and strangenessthe essential details to emphasise, the oklahoma application, precise incongruities and conceits to select as preliminaries or concomitants to how to horror, the exact incidents and allusions to throw out innocently in college application advance as symbols or prefigurings of each major step toward the hideous denouement to come, the nice adjustments of cumulative force and the unerring accuracy in write linkage of parts which make for faultless unity throughout and report, thunderous effectiveness at the climactic moment, the delicate nuances of scenic and landscape value to select in establishing and sustaining the desired mood and vitalising the desired illusionprinciples of this kind, and dozens of a mla obscurer ones too elusive to be described or even fully comprehended by any ordinary commentator. Phd Thesis Mcnp! Melodrama and unsophistication there may bewe are told of one fastidious Frenchman who could not bear to read Poe except in Baudelaire’s urbane and Gallically modulated translationbut all traces of how to write a mla such things are wholly overshadowed by a potent and inborn sense of the spectral, the morbid, and the horrible which gushed forth from every cell of the artist’s creative mentality and stamped his macabre work with the ineffaceable mark of graphic design supreme genius. Poe’s weird tales are alive in a manner that few others can ever hope to be. Like most fantaisistes, Poe excels in incidents and write a mla, broad narrative effects rather than in character drawing.

His typical protagonist is generally a dark, handsome, proud, melancholy, intellectual, highly sensitive, capricious, introspective, isolated, and sometimes slightly mad gentleman of ancient family and opulent circumstances; usually deeply learned in strange lore, and phd thesis mcnp, darkly ambitious of penetrating to forbidden secrets of the universe. Aside from how to write a mla, a high-sounding name, this character obviously derives little from the early Gothic novel; for he is clearly neither the wooden hero nor the diabolical villain of Radcliffian or Ludovician romance. Indirectly, however, he does possess a sort of essay englisch phrasen genealogical connexion; since his gloomy, ambitious, and anti-social qualities savour strongly of the typical Byronic hero, who in turn is definitely an offspring of the Gothic Manfreds, Montonis, and Ambrosios. More particular qualities appear to be derived from the psychology of Poe himself, who certainly possessed much of the write, depression, sensitiveness, mad aspiration, loneliness, and extravagant freakishness which he attributes to his haughty and solitary victims of Fate. The public for whom Poe wrote, though grossly unappreciative of his art, was by no means unaccustomed to the horrors with which he dealt. America, besides inheriting the usual dark folklore of Europe, had an research, additional fund of weird associations to draw upon; so that spectral legends had already been recognised as fruitful subject-matter for literature. Charles Brockden Brown had achieved phenomenal fame with his Radcliffian romances, and Washington Irving’s lighter treatment of a mla eerie themes had quickly become classic. This additional fund proceeded, as Paul Elmer More has pointed out, from the keen spiritual and theological interests of the first colonists, plus the diversity essay, strange and forbidding nature of the scene into which they were plunged. The vast and gloomy virgin forests in whose perpetual twilight all terrors might well lurk; the hordes of how to write a mla coppery Indians whose strange, saturnine visages and violent customs hinted strongly at traces of infernal origin; the free rein given under the influence of college application essay writing a winning Puritan theocracy to all manner of notions respecting man’s relation to the stern and vengeful God of the Calvinists, and to the sulphureous Adversary of that God, about whom so much was thundered in the pulpits each Sunday; and how to a mla, the morbid introspection developed by oklahoma state an isolated backwoods life devoid of normal amusements and of the recreational mood, harassed by commands for write a mla, theological self-examination, keyed to phd thesis mcnp unnatural emotional repression, and forming above all a mere grim struggle for survivalall these things conspired to produce an environment in which the black whisperings of how to write sinister grandams were heard far beyond the research, chimney corner, and in which tales of witchcraft and unbelievable secret monstrosities lingered long after the dread days of the Salem nightmare. Poe represents the newer, more disillusioned, and more technically finished of the weird schools that rose out of how to write a mla this propitious milieu.

Another schoolthe tradition of college moral values, gentle restraint, and mild, leisurely phantasy tinged more or less with the whimsicalwas represented by another famous, misunderstood, and lonely figure in a mla American lettersthe shy and sensitive Nathaniel Hawthorne, scion of antique Salem and phd thesis mcnp, great-grandson of one of the bloodiest of the old witchcraft judges. In Hawthorne we have none of the violence, the write a mla, daring, the high colouring, the intense dramatic sense, the cosmic malignity, and oklahoma application essay, the undivided and impersonal artistry of Poe. Here, instead, is a gentle soul cramped by the Puritanism of early New England; shadowed and wistful, and grieved at an unmoral universe which everywhere transcends the conventional patterns thought by our forefathers to represent divine and immutable law. Evil, a very real force to Hawthorne, appears on every hand as a lurking and conquering adversary; and the visible world becomes in write a mla his fancy a theatre of graphic thesis report infinite tragedy and woe, with unseen half-existent influences hovering over how to, it and through it, battling for supremacy and moulding the destinies of the hapless mortals who form its vain and self-deluded population. The heritage of American weirdness was his to a most intense degree, and he saw a dismal throng of vague spectres behind the common phenomena of design report life; but he was not disinterested enough to value impressions, sensations, and beauties of narration for their own sake. He must needs weave his phantasy into some quietly melancholy fabric of didactic or allegorical cast, in which his meekly resigned cynicism may display with naive moral appraisal the perfidy of a human race which he cannot cease to cherish and mourn despite his insight into its hypocrisy. Supernatural horror, then, is how to write never a primary object with Hawthorne; though its impulses were so deeply woven into his personality that he cannot help suggesting it with the force of genius when he calls upon the unreal world to illustrate the pensive sermon he wishes to preach.

Hawthorne’s intimations of the weird, always gentle, elusive, and restrained, may be traced throughout his work. The mood that produced them found one delightful vent in application the Teutonised retelling of classic myths for children contained in A Wonder Book and Tanglewood Tales, and at other times exercised itself in casting a certain strangeness and intangible witchery or malevolence over events not meant to be actually supernatural; as in the macabre posthumous novel Dr. Grimshawe’s Secret, which invests with a peculiar sort of repulsion a house existing to this day in Salem, and abutting on the ancient Charter Street Burying Ground. In The Marble Faun, whose design was sketched out in an Italian villa reputed to a mla be haunted, a tremendous background of genuine phantasy and mystery palpitates just beyond the common reader’s sight; and glimpses of fabulous blood in mortal veins are hinted at during the course of a romance which cannot help being interesting despite the persistent incubus of moral allegory, anti-Popery propaganda, and to the diversity essay, a Puritan prudery which has caused the late D. H. Lawrence to express a longing to treat the author in a highly undignified manner. Septimius Felton, a posthumous novel whose idea was to have been elaborated and incorporated into the unfinished Dolliver Romance, touches on the Elixir of Life in write a mla a more or less capable fashion; whilst the notes for a never-written tale to be called “The Ancestral Footstep” shew what Hawthorne would have done with an intensive treatment of an old English superstitionthat of an ancient and accursed line whose members left footprints of blood as they walkedwhich appears incidentally in both Septimius Felton and Dr. Grimshawe’s Secret. Many of Hawthorne’s shorter tales exhibit weirdness, either of atmosphere or of incident, to a remarkable degree. “Edward Randolph’s Portrait”, in Legends of the Province House, has its diabolic moments. “The Minister’s Black Veil” (founded on contribute diversity, an actual incident) and “The Ambitious Guest” imply much more than they state, whilst “Ethan Brand”a fragment of a longer work never completedrises to genuine heights of cosmic fear with its vignette of the how to write a mla, wild hill country and contribute to the diversity, the blazing, desolate lime-kilns, and its delineation of the Byronic “unpardonable sinner”, whose troubled life ends with a peal of fearful laughter in the night as he seeks rest amidst the flames of the furnace. Some of Hawthorne’s notes tell of weird tales he would have written had he lived longeran especially vivid plot being that concerning a baffling stranger who appeared now and then in public assemblies, and who was at last followed and found to come and go from a very ancient grave. But foremost as a finished, artistic unit among all our author’s weird material is the famous and exquisitely wrought novel, The House of the Seven Gables, in which the relentless working out how to write of an phd thesis mcnp, ancestral curse is developed with astonishing power against the sinister background of a very ancient Salem houseone of those peaked Gothic affairs which formed the how to a mla, first regular building-up of our New England coast towns, but which gave way after the seventeenth century to the more familiar gambrel-roofed or classic Georgian types now known as “Colonial”. Of these old gabled Gothic houses scarcely a dozen are to be seen today in their original condition throughout the United States, but one well known to Hawthorne still stands in Turner Street, Salem, and is pointed out college research with doubtful authority as the how to a mla, scene and inspiration of the romance.

Such an edifice, with its spectral peaks, its clustered chimneys, its overhanging second story, its grotesque corner-brackets, and its diamond-paned lattice windows, is indeed an object well calculated to evoke sombre reflections; typifying as it does the essay writing service a winning, dark Puritan age of concealed horror and witch-whispers which preceded the beauty, rationality, and spaciousness of the eighteenth century. Hawthorne saw many in his youth, and write a mla, knew the to the, black tales connected with some of them. Write A Mla! He heard, too, many rumours of a curse upon his own line as the result of his great-grandfather’s severity as a witchcraft judge in 1692. From this setting came the college research, immortal taleNew England’s greatest contribution to weird literatureand we can feel in an instant the authenticity of the atmosphere presented to how to write a mla us. Stealthy horror and college research papers, disease lurk within the weather-blackened, moss-crusted, and elm-shadowed walls of the how to a mla, archaic dwelling so vividly displayed, and we grasp the brooding malignity of the place when we read that its builderold Colonel Pyncheonsnatched the land with peculiar ruthlessness from its original settler, Matthew Maule, whom he condemned to the gallows as a wizard in the year of the panic. Maule died cursing old Pyncheon“God will give him blood to drink”and the waters of the old well on the seized land turned bitter. Maule’s carpenter son consented to build the great gabled house for his father’s triumphant enemy, but the old Colonel died strangely on the day of phd thesis mcnp its dedication. Then followed generations of odd vicissitudes, with queer whispers about the dark powers of the Maules, and peculiar and sometimes terrible ends befalling the Pyncheons. The overshadowing malevolence of the ancient housealmost as alive as Poe’s House of Usher, though in a subtler waypervades the tale as a recurrent motif pervades an operatic tragedy; and when the main story is reached, we behold the modern Pyncheons in write a mla a pitiable state of decay. Poor old Hepzibah, the state application essay, eccentric reduced gentlewoman; child-like, unfortunate Clifford, just released from undeserved imprisonment; sly and treacherous Judge Pyncheon, who is the old Colonel all over againall these figures are tremendous symbols, and are well matched by the stunted vegetation and anaemic fowls in the garden.

It was almost a pity to supply a fairly happy ending, with a union of write sprightly Phoebe, cousin and essay englisch phrasen, last scion of the Pyncheons, to how to write a mla the prepossessing young man who turns out to be the last of the Maules. This union, presumably, ends the curse. Hawthorne avoids all violence of diction or movement, and keeps his implications of terror well in to the essay the background; but occasional glimpses amply serve to sustain the mood and redeem the work from pure allegorical aridity. How To Write A Mla! Incidents like the bewitching of Alice Pyncheon in the early eighteenth century, and the spectral music of phd thesis mcnp her harpsichord which precedes a death in the familythe latter a variant of an immemorial type of Aryan mythlink the action directly with the supernatural; whilst the dead nocturnal vigil of old Judge Pyncheon in write the ancient parlour, with his frightfully ticking watch, is stark horror of the oklahoma state application, most poignant and genuine sort. The way in which the Judge’s death is first adumbrated by the motions and sniffing of how to write a strange cat outside the window, long before the fact is suspected either by the reader or by any of the characters, is a stroke of phrasen genius which Poe could not have surpassed. Later the strange cat watches intently outside that same window in the night and on the next day, forsomething.

It is clearly the psychopomp of primeval myth, fitted and how to a mla, adapted with infinite deftness to phrasen its latter-day setting. But Hawthorne left no well-defined literary posterity. Write! His mood and attitude belonged to the age which closed with him, and it is the spirit of Poewho so clearly and realistically understood the oklahoma state, natural basis of the horror-appeal and the correct mechanics of its achievementwhich survived and blossomed. Among the earliest of Poe’s disciples may be reckoned the brilliant young Irishman Fitz-James O’Brien (18281862), who became naturalised as an American and perished honourably in how to a mla the Civil War. It is he who gave us “What Was It?”, the first well-shaped short story of a tangible but invisible being, and the prototype of de Maupassant’s “Horla”; he also who created the inimitable “Diamond Lens”, in which a young microscopist falls in essay love with a maiden of an infinitesimal world which he has discovered in a drop of water.

O’Brien’s early death undoubtedly deprived us of some masterful tales of strangeness and terror, though his genius was not, properly speaking, of the same titan quality which characterised Poe and Hawthorne. Closer to real greatness was the eccentric and saturnine journalist Ambrose Bierce, born in 1842; who likewise entered the Civil War, but survived to write some immortal tales and to disappear in 1913 in as great a cloud of mystery as any he ever evoked from his nightmare fancy. Bierce was a satirist and pamphleteer of note, but the bulk of his artistic reputation must rest upon his grim and savage short stories; a large number of which deal with the Civil War and form the most vivid and realistic expression which that conflict has yet received in fiction. Virtually all of Bierce’s tales are tales of horror; and whilst many of them treat only of the physical and psychological horrors within Nature, a substantial proportion admit the malignly supernatural and form a leading element in America’s fund of weird literature. Mr. Samuel Loveman, a living poet and critic who was personally acquainted with Bierce, thus sums up the genius of the write, great shadow-maker in the preface to some of his letters: “In ‘The Death of Halpin Frayser’, flowers, verdure, and the boughs and leaves of trees are magnificently placed as an opposing foil to unnatural malignity.

Not the contribute essay, accustomed golden world, but a world pervaded with the mystery of blue and the breathless recalcitrance of dreams, is Bierce’s. Yet, curiously, inhumanity is not altogether absent.” The “inhumanity” mentioned by Mr. Loveman finds vent in a rare strain of sardonic comedy and graveyard humour, and a kind of delight in a mla images of cruelty and tantalising disappointment. The former quality is well illustrated by graphic some of the subtitles in the darker narratives; such as “One does not always eat what is on the table”, describing a body laid out for how to write a mla, a coroner’s inquest, and “A man though naked may be in rags”, referring to a frightfully mangled corpse. Bierce’s work is in phd thesis mcnp general somewhat uneven. Many of the stories are obviously mechanical, and marred by a jaunty and commonplacely artificial style derived from journalistic models; but the grim malevolence stalking through all of write a mla them is essay unmistakable, and several stand out as permanent mountain-peaks of American weird writing. How To A Mla! “The Death of Halpin Frayser”, called by Frederic Taber Cooper the most fiendishly ghastly tale in the literature of the Anglo-Saxon race, tells of a body skulking by night without a soul in a weird and horribly ensanguined wood, and of a man beset by ancestral memories who met death at the claws of writing service that which had been his fervently loved mother. “The Damned Thing”, frequently copied in popular anthologies, chronicles the hideous devastations of an invisible entity that waddles and flounders on the hills and in the wheatfields by night and day. “The Suitable Surroundings” evokes with singular subtlety yet apparent simplicity a piercing sense of the terror which may reside in the written word. In the story the weird author Colston says to his friend Marsh, “You are brave enough to read me in a street-car, butin a deserted housealonein the forestat night! Bah! I have a manuscript in my pocket that would kill you!” Marsh reads the manuscript in “the suitable surroundings”and it does kill him. “The Middle Toe of the Right Foot” is clumsily developed, but has a powerful climax. A man named Manton has horribly killed his two children and his wife, the write a mla, latter of whom lacked the middle toe of the right foot. Ten years later he returns much altered to the neighbourhood; and, being secretly recognised, is provoked into a bowie-knife duel in the dark, to be held in the now abandoned house where his crime was committed.

When the to the, moment of the duel arrives a trick is played upon him; and he is left without an antagonist, shut in a night-black ground floor room of the how to write, reputedly haunted edifice, with the thick dust of a decade on every hand. No knife is drawn against him, for only a thorough scare is college application essay writing intended; but on the next day he is found crouched in a corner with distorted face, dead of sheer fright at something he has seen. The only clue visible to the discoverers is one having terrible implications: “In the dust of years that lay thick upon the floorleading from the door by which they had entered, straight across the room to within a yard of Manton’s crouching corpsewere three parallel lines of footprintslight but definite impressions of bare feet, the outer ones those of small children, the inner a woman’s. Write! From the point at which they ended they did not return; they pointed all one way.” And, of phrasen course, the woman’s prints shewed a lack of the middle toe of the right foot. “The Spook House”, told with a severely homely air of journalistic verisimilitude, conveys terrible hints of how to write a mla shocking mystery. In 1858 an entire family of seven persons disappears suddenly and unaccountably from report, a plantation house in eastern Kentucky, leaving all its possessions untouchedfurniture, clothing, food supplies, horses, cattle, and slaves. About a year later two men of high standing are forced by a storm to how to write take shelter in the deserted dwelling, and in so doing stumble into graphic design, a strange subterranean room lit by an unaccountable greenish light and having an iron door which cannot be opened from write a mla, within. In this room lie the decayed corpses of all the missing family; and as one of the discoverers rushes forward to embrace a body he seems to recognise, the other is essay englisch phrasen so overpowered by a strange foetor that he accidentally shuts his companion in how to write the vault and loses consciousness. Recovering his senses six weeks later, the survivor is unable to find the hidden room; and the house is burned during the Civil War.

The imprisoned discoverer is phrasen never seen or heard of again. Bierce seldom realises the atmospheric possibilities of his themes as vividly as Poe; and much of his work contains a certain touch of naiveté, prosaic angularity, or early-American provincialism which contrasts somewhat with the efforts of how to write a mla later horror-masters. Nevertheless the genuineness and artistry of his dark intimations are always unmistakable, so that his greatness is in no danger of eclipse. As arranged in his definitively collected works, Bierce’s weird tales occur mainly in two volumes, Can Such Things Be? and In the application writing, Midst of Life. A Mla! The former, indeed, is almost wholly given over to the supernatural. Much of the graphic thesis report, best in American horror-literature has come from pens not mainly devoted to that medium.

Oliver Wendell Holmes’s historic Elsie Venner suggests with admirable restraint an unnatural ophidian element in a young woman pre-natally influenced, and sustains the how to write, atmosphere with finely discriminating landscape touches. In The Turn of the Screw Henry James triumphs over his inevitable pomposity and prolixity sufficiently well to phd thesis mcnp create a truly potent air of sinister menace; depicting the hideous influence of how to a mla two dead and evil servants, Peter Quint and the governess Miss Jessel, over diversity, a small boy and how to write a mla, girl who had been under their care. James is perhaps too diffuse, too unctuously urbane, and too much addicted to subtleties of speech to realise fully all the wild and devastating horror in his situations; but for all that there is phd thesis mcnp a rare and mounting tide of fright, culminating in the death of the little boy, which gives the novelette a permanent place in its special class. F. Marion Crawford produced several weird tales of varying quality, now collected in a volume entitled Wandering Ghosts. “For the Blood Is the how to, Life” touches powerfully on a case of moon-cursed vampirism near an ancient tower on the rocks of the lonely South Italian sea-coast. “The Dead Smile” treats of family horrors in an old house and an ancestral vault in Ireland, and introduces the phd thesis mcnp, banshee with considerable force. “The Upper Berth”, however, is Crawford’s weird masterpiece; and is one of the most tremendous horror-stories in all literature. In this tale of a suicide-haunted stateroom such things as the spectral salt-water dampness, the strangely open porthole, and the nightmare struggle with the nameless object are handled with incomparable dexterity. Very genuine, though not without the typical mannered extravagance of the eighteen-nineties, is the strain of horror in the early work of how to write a mla Robert W. Chambers, since renowned for products of a very different quality. Graphic Design Thesis Report! The King in Yellow, a series of vaguely connected short stories having as a background a monstrous and suppressed book whose perusal brings fright, madness, and spectral tragedy, really achieves notable heights of cosmic fear in write a mla spite of uneven interest and a somewhat trivial and affected cultivation of the Gallic studio atmosphere made popular by Du Maurier’s Trilby. The most powerful of its tales, perhaps, is “The Yellow Sign”, in which is introduced a silent and state application, terrible churchyard watchman with a face like a puffy grave-worm’s. A boy, describing a tussle he has had with this creature, shivers and sickens as he relates a certain detail. “Well, sir, it’s Gawd’s truth that when I ’it ’im ’e grabbed me wrists, sir, and when I twisted ’is soft, mushy fist one of a mla ’is fingers come off in me ’and.” An artist, who after seeing him has shared with another a strange dream of phd thesis mcnp a nocturnal hearse, is shocked by the voice with which the watchman accosts him. The fellow emits a muttering sound that fills the head like thick oily smoke from a fat-rendering vat or an how to a mla, odour of noisome decay. What he mumbles is merely this: “Have you found the Yellow Sign?”

A weirdly hieroglyphed onyx talisman, picked up in the street by the sharer of his dream, is shortly given the artist; and after stumbling queerly upon the hellish and forbidden book of horrors the to the essay, two learn, among other hideous things which no sane mortal should know, that this talisman is indeed the nameless Yellow Sign handed down from the accursed cult of Hasturfrom primordial Carcosa, whereof the volume treats, and some nightmare memory of which seems to lurk latent and a mla, ominous at the back of all men’s minds. Soon they hear the rumbling of the black-plumed hearse driven by the flabby and corpse-faced watchman. He enters the night-shrouded house in quest of the Yellow Sign, all bolts and bars rotting at his touch. And when the people rush in, drawn by a scream that no human throat could utter, they find three forms on the floortwo dead and one dying. One of the dead shapes is far gone in online decay. It is the churchyard watchman, and the doctor exclaims, “That man must have been dead for months.” It is worth observing that the author derives most of the names and allusions connected with his eldritch land of primal memory from the tales of Ambrose Bierce. Other early works of Mr.

Chambers displaying the write, outré and macabre element are The Maker of oklahoma essay Moons and In Search of the Unknown. One cannot help regretting that he did not further develop a vein in which he could so easily have become a recognised master. Horror material of a mla authentic force may be found in the work of the New England realist Mary E. Wilkins; whose volume of short tales, The Wind in the Rose-Bush, contains a number of noteworthy achievements. In “The Shadows on the Wall” we are shewn with consummate skill the response of a staid New England household to uncanny tragedy; and the sourceless shadow of the poisoned brother well prepares us for the climactic moment when the shadow of the secret murderer, who has killed himself in a neighbouring city, suddenly appears beside it. College Research Online! Charlotte Perkins Gilman, in “The Yellow Wall Paper”, rises to a classic level in a mla subtly delineating the madness which crawls over a woman dwelling in the hideously papered room where a madwoman was once confined. In “The Dead Valley” the eminent architect and mediaevalist Ralph Adams Cram achieves a memorably potent degree of vague regional horror through subtleties of atmosphere and oklahoma application essay, description.

Still further carrying on write, our spectral tradition is the design report, gifted and versatile humourist Irvin S. Cobb, whose work both early and recent contains some finely weird specimens. “Fishhead”, an early achievement, is how to a mla banefully effective in its portrayal of unnatural affinities between a hybrid idiot and the strange fish of an isolated lake, which at the last avenge their biped kinsman’s murder. Phd Thesis Mcnp! Later work of Mr. Cobb introduces an write a mla, element of possible science, as in the tale of hereditary memory where a modern man with a negroid strain utters words in college research papers online African jungle speech when run down by a train under visual and aural circumstances recalling the maiming of his black ancestor by a rhinoceros a century before. Extremely high in artistic stature is the novel The Dark Chamber (1927), by the late Leonard Cline. This is the tale of a man whowith the characteristic ambition of the Gothic or Byronic hero-villainseeks to defy Nature and recapture every moment of his past life through the abnormal stimulation of write a mla memory.

To this end he employs endless notes, records, mnemonic objects, and picturesand finally odours, music, and exotic drugs. At last his ambition goes beyond his personal life and reaches toward the oklahoma, black abysses of hereditary memoryeven back to pre-human days amidst the steaming swamps of the Carboniferous age, and to still more unimaginable deeps of primal time and entity. He calls for madder music and write, takes stronger drugs, and finally his great dog grows oddly afraid of him. A noxious animal stench encompasses him, and he grows vacant-faced and oklahoma essay, sub-human. In the how to a mla, end he takes to research the woods, howling at night beneath windows. He is finally found in a thicket, mangled to death. Beside him is the mangled corpse of his dog. They have killed each other. The atmosphere of this novel is malevolently potent, much attention being paid to the central figure’s sinister home and household.

A less subtle and well-balanced but nevertheless highly effective creation is Herbert S. Gorman’s novel, The Place Called Dagon, which relates the dark history of how to a western Massachusetts backwater where the essay englisch phrasen, descendants of refugees from the Salem witchcraft still keep alive the a mla, morbid and degenerate horrors of the Black Sabbat. Sinister House, by Leland Hall, has touches of magnificent atmosphere but is marred by college research online a somewhat mediocre romanticism. Very notable in their way are some of the weird conceptions of the novelist and short-story writer Edward Lucas White, most of whose themes arise from actual dreams. “The Song of the Sirens” has a very pervasive strangeness, while such things as “Lukundoo” and “The Snout” rouse darker apprehensions. How To! Mr. White imparts a very peculiar quality to his talesan oblique sort of glamour which has its own distinctive type of convincingness. Of younger Americans, none strikes the note of cosmic terror so well as the phd thesis mcnp, California poet, artist, and fictionist Clark Ashton Smith, whose bizarre writings, drawings, paintings, and stories are the delight of how to write a mla a sensitive few. Mr. Smith has for his background a universe of papers online remote and paralysing frightjungles of poisonous and write a mla, iridescent blossoms on the moons of Saturn, evil and grotesque temples in Atlantis, Lemuria, and forgotten elder worlds, and dank morasses of essay englisch spotted death-fungi in how to write a mla spectral countries beyond earth’s rim. His longest and phd thesis mcnp, most ambitious poem, The Hashish-Eater, is in how to write a mla pentameter blank verse; and opens up chaotic and incredible vistas of kaleidoscopic nightmare in the spaces between the stars. Phd Thesis Mcnp! In sheer daemonic strangeness and fertility of conception, Mr. Smith is perhaps unexcelled by how to a mla any other writer dead or living.

Who else has seen such gorgeous, luxuriant, and feverishly distorted visions of infinite spheres and oklahoma state application essay, multiple dimensions and lived to tell the a mla, tale? His short stories deal powerfully with other galaxies, worlds, and englisch phrasen, dimensions, as well as with strange regions and aeons on the earth. He tells of primal Hyperborea and its black amorphous god Tsathoggua; of the lost continent Zothique, and of the fabulous, vampire-curst land of Averoigne in mediaeval France. Some of Mr. Smith’s best work can be found in the brochure entitled The Double Shadow and Other Fantasies (1933). Recent British literature, besides including the three or four greatest fantaisistes of the present age, has been gratifyingly fertile in the element of the weird. Rudyard Kipling has often approached it; and has, despite the omnipresent mannerisms, handled it with indubitable mastery in a mla such tales as “The Phantom ’Rickshaw”, “ ‘The Finest Story in the World’ ”, “The Recrudescence of Imray”, and graphic design report, “The Mark of the Beast”. Write! This latter is of particular poignancy; the pictures of the naked leper-priest who mewed like an otter, of the spots which appeared on the chest of the man that priest cursed, of the growing carnivorousness of the design thesis, victim and of the write, fear which horses began to display toward him, and of the eventually half-accomplished transformation of that victim into oklahoma application essay, a leopard, being things which no reader is ever likely to forget.

The final defeat of the malignant sorcery does not impair the force of the tale or the validity of its mystery. Lafcadio Hearn, strange, wandering, and exotic, departs still farther from the realm of the real; and with the supreme artistry of a sensitive poet weaves phantasies impossible to an author of the solid roast-beef type. His Fantastics, written in America, contains some of the most impressive ghoulishness in all literature; whilst his Kwaidan, written in Japan, crystallises with matchless skill and delicacy the eerie lore and whispered legends of that richly colourful nation. How To A Mla! Still more of Hearn’s weird wizardry of language is shewn in some of his translations from the French, especially from Gautier and Flaubert. His version of the latter’s Temptation of St. Anthony is a classic of oklahoma application essay fevered and riotous imagery clad in the magic of singing words. Oscar Wilde may likewise be given a place amongst weird writers, both for certain of his exquisite fairy tales, and for his vivid Picture of Dorian Gray, in which a marvellous portrait for years assumes the duty of ageing and coarsening instead of its original, who meanwhile plunges into how to write, every excess of vice and crime without the outward loss of youth, beauty, and freshness.

There is essay englisch a sudden and potent climax when Dorian Gray, at last become a murderer, seeks to destroy the how to a mla, painting whose changes testify to his moral degeneracy. Graphic Design Report! He stabs it with a knife, and how to write a mla, a hideous cry and crash are heard; but when the contribute diversity, servants enter they find it in how to write a mla all its pristine loveliness. “Lying on the floor was a dead man, in evening dress, with a knife in his heart. He was withered, wrinkled, and loathsome of visage. Application! It was not till they had examined the rings that they recognised who it was.” Matthew Phipps Shiel, author of many weird, grotesque, and how to write a mla, adventurous novels and tales, occasionally attains a high level of horrific magic. Phd Thesis Mcnp! “Xélucha” is a noxiously hideous fragment, but is a mla excelled by Mr. Graphic Design Report! Shiel’s undoubted masterpiece, “The House of Sounds”, floridly written in the “yellow ’nineties”, and re-cast with more artistic restraint in the early twentieth century. Write A Mla! This story, in final form, deserves a place among the englisch phrasen, foremost things of its kind. It tells of a creeping horror and menace trickling down the centuries on how to write, a sub-arctic island off the coast of Norway; where, amidst the sweep of daemon winds and the ceaseless din of hellish waves and oklahoma application, cataracts, a vengeful dead man built a brazen tower of write a mla terror. It is vaguely like, yet infinitely unlike, Poe’s “Fall of the House of Usher”. In the novel The Purple Cloud Mr. Shiel describes with tremendous power a curse which came out of the arctic to destroy mankind, and which for a time appears to have left but a single inhabitant on our planet.

The sensations of this lone survivor as he realises his position, and design thesis report, roams through the corpse-littered and treasure-strown cities of the world as their absolute master, are delivered with a skill and a mla, artistry falling little short of actual majesty. Unfortunately the phd thesis mcnp, second half of the book, with its conventionally romantic element, involves a distinct “letdown”. Better known than Shiel is the ingenious Bram Stoker, who created many starkly horrific conceptions in a series of novels whose poor technique sadly impairs their net effect. The Lair of the White Worm, dealing with a gigantic primitive entity that lurks in a vault beneath an ancient castle, utterly ruins a magnificent idea by a development almost infantile. The Jewel of how to write Seven Stars, touching on a strange Egyptian resurrection, is less crudely written.

But best of all is the famous Dracula, which has become almost the standard modern exploitation of the frightful vampire myth. State Application Essay! Count Dracula, a vampire, dwells in a horrible castle in the Carpathians; but finally migrates to England with the write, design of populating the country with fellow vampires. How an phd thesis mcnp, Englishman fares within Dracula’s stronghold of terrors, and how the dead fiend’s plot for domination is at last defeated, are elements which unite to form a tale now justly assigned a permanent place in English letters. Dracula evoked many similar novels of supernatural horror, among which the how to, best are perhaps The Beetle, by Richard Marsh, Brood of the Witch-Queen, by “Sax Rohmer” (Arthur Sarsfield Ward), and The Door of the Unreal, by Gerald Biss. The latter handles quite dexterously the standard werewolf superstition. Much subtler and more artistic, and told with singular skill through the juxtaposed narratives of the several characters, is the novel Cold Harbour, by Francis Brett Young, in which an ancient house of strange malignancy is powerfully delineated.

The mocking and college application essay a winning, well-nigh omnipotent fiend Humphrey Furnival holds echoes of the Manfred- Montoni type of early Gothic “villain”, but is redeemed from triteness by many clever individualities. Only the a mla, slight diffuseness of explanation at the close, and the somewhat too free use of divination as a plot factor, keep this tale from approaching absolute perfection. In the novel Witch Wood John Buchan depicts with tremendous force a survival of the graphic design, evil Sabbat in how to write a mla a lonely district of Scotland. The description of the black forest with the evil stone, and of the terrible cosmic adumbrations when the horror is essay finally extirpated, will repay one for how to, wading through the very gradual action and plethora of Scottish dialect. Some of Mr. Buchan’s short stories are also extremely vivid in their spectral intimations; “The Green Wildebeest”, a tale of African witchcraft, “The Wind in the Portico”, with its awakening of dead Britanno-Roman horrors, and to the, “Skule Skerry”, with its touches of sub-arctic fright, being especially remarkable. Clemence Housman, in the brief novelette “The Were-wolf”, attains a high degree of gruesome tension and achieves to how to a mla some extent the atmosphere of authentic folklore. In The Elixir of Life Arthur Ransome attains some darkly excellent effects despite a general naiveté of plot, while H. B. Drake’s The Shadowy Thing summons up strange and terrible vistas. George Macdonald’s Lilith has a compelling bizarrerie all its own; the first and simpler of the two versions being perhaps the more effective. Deserving of distinguished notice as a forceful craftsman to whom an unseen mystic world is ever a close and vital reality is the essay phrasen, poet Walter de la Mare, whose haunting verse and exquisite prose alike bear consistent traces of a strange vision reaching deeply into veiled spheres of how to write beauty and terrible and forbidden dimensions of application essay being. In the novel The Return we see the soul of a dead man reach out of its grave of two centuries and fasten itself upon the flesh of the how to, living, so that even the face of the victim becomes that which had long ago returned to writing dust.

Of the shorter tales, of how to write a mla which several volumes exist, many are unforgettable for their command of essay fear’s and sorcery’s darkest ramifications; notably “Seaton’s Aunt”, in how to a mla which there lowers a noxious background of malignant vampirism; “The Tree”, which tells of a frightful vegetable growth in the yard of a starving artist; “Out of the Deep”, wherein we are given leave to imagine what thing answered the summons of contribute a dying wastrel in a dark lonely house when he pulled a long-feared bell-cord in the attic chamber of his dread-haunted boyhood; “A Recluse”, which hints at what sent a chance guest flying from a house in the night; “Mr. Kempe”, which shews us a mad clerical hermit in quest of the human soul, dwelling in a frightful sea-cliff region beside an archaic abandoned chapel; and how to write, “All-Hallows”, a glimpse of report daemoniac forces besieging a lonely mediaeval church and miraculously restoring the rotting masonry. De la Mare does not make fear the sole or even the dominant element of most of write a mla his tales, being apparently more interested in the subtleties of character involved. Occasionally he sinks to college papers sheer whimsical phantasy of the Barrie order. Still, he is how to write a mla among the very few to whom unreality is a vivid, living presence; and phd thesis mcnp, as such he is a mla able to application service a winning put into his occasional fear-studies a keen potency which only a rare master can achieve. His poem “The Listeners” restores the Gothic shudder to write a mla modern verse. The weird short story has fared well of late, an important contributor being the versatile E. Essay Phrasen! F. Benson, whose “The Man Who Went Too Far” breathes whisperingly of a house at a mla the edge of a dark wood, and phd thesis mcnp, of Pan’s hoof-mark on the breast of how to write a mla a dead man.

Mr. Benson’s volume, Visible and Invisible, contains several stories of singular power; notably “Negotium Perambulans”, whose unfolding reveals an abnormal monster from an ancient ecclesiastical panel which performs an act of miraculous vengeance in a lonely village on contribute, the Cornish coast, and “The Horror-Horn”, through which lopes a terrible half-human survival dwelling on a mla, unvisited Alpine peaks. “The Face”, in another collection, is lethally potent in its relentless aura of doom. Graphic Design Report! H. How To Write A Mla! R. State Application! Wakefield, in his collections They Return at Evening and Others Who Return, manages now and then to achieve great heights of horror despite a vitiating air of sophistication. The most notable stories are “The Red Lodge” with its slimy aqueous evil, “‘He Cometh and He Passeth By’”, “‘And He Shall Sing . . .’”, “The Cairn”, “‘Look Up There!’”, “Blind Man’s Buff”, and that bit of lurking millennial horror, “The Seventeenth Hole at Duncaster”. How To Write! Mention has been made of the weird work of H. Graphic Design! G. Wells and A. A Mla! Conan Doyle. Graphic Design Report! The former, in “The Ghost of Fear”, reaches a very high level; while all the items in Thirty Strange Stories have strong fantastic implications.

Doyle now and then struck a powerfully spectral note, as in “The Captain of the ‘Pole-Star’ ”, a tale of arctic ghostliness, and how to a mla, “Lot No. 249”, wherein the reanimated mummy theme is used with more than ordinary skill. Hugh Walpole, of the to the, same family as the founder of Gothic fiction, has sometimes approached the bizarre with much success; his short story “Mrs. Lunt” carrying a very poignant shudder. John Metcalfe, in write a mla the collection published as The Smoking Leg, attains now and then a rare pitch of graphic design thesis potency; the tale entitled “The Bad Lands” containing graduations of horror that strongly savour of genius. More whimsical and inclined toward the amiable and innocuous phantasy of Sir J. M. Barrie are the short tales of E. M. Forster, grouped under the title of The Celestial Omnibus. Of these only one, dealing with a glimpse of a mla Pan and his aura of fright, may be said to hold the true element of cosmic horror. Report! Mrs.

H. D. Everett, though adhering to very old and conventional models, occasionally reaches singular heights of spiritual terror in her collection of short stories. L. Write A Mla! P. Hartley is notable for his incisive and extremely ghastly tale, “A Visitor from Down Under”. May Sinclair’s Uncanny Stories contain more of traditional occultism than of that creative treatment of fear which marks mastery in this field, and are inclined to lay more stress on human emotions and psychological delving than upon the stark phenomena of a cosmos utterly unreal. It may be well to remark here that occult believers are probably less effective than materialists in delineating the spectral and the fantastic, since to them the phantom world is so commonplace a reality that they tend to refer to it with less awe, remoteness, and impressiveness than do those who see in online it an absolute and how to a mla, stupendous violation of the online, natural order. Of rather uneven stylistic quality, but vast occasional power in its suggestion of lurking worlds and beings behind the ordinary surface of life, is the work of William Hope Hodgson, known today far less than it deserves to be. Despite a tendency toward conventionally sentimental conceptions of the universe, and write, of man’s relation to it and to his fellows, Mr. Hodgson is perhaps second only to Algernon Blackwood in his serious treatment of unreality. Few can equal him in adumbrating the nearness of nameless forces and monstrous besieging entities through casual hints and insignificant details, or in conveying feelings of the to the essay, spectral and the abnormal in connexion with regions or buildings. In The Boats of the “Glen Carrig” (1907) we are shewn a variety of malign marvels and accursed unknown lands as encountered by the survivors of a sunken ship.

The brooding menace in the earlier parts of the book is impossible to surpass, though a letdown in the direction of ordinary romance and adventure occurs toward the end. An inaccurate and pseudo-romantic attempt to reproduce eighteenth-century prose detracts from the general effect, but the really profound nautical erudition everywhere displayed is a compensating factor. The House on the Borderland (1908)perhaps the greatest of all Mr. Hodgson’s workstells of a lonely and evilly regarded house in Ireland which forms a focus for how to write, hideous other-world forces and sustains a siege by blasphemous hybrid anomalies from a hidden abyss below. The wanderings of the college research papers, narrator’s spirit through limitless light-years of cosmic space and kalpas of eternity, and its witnessing of the solar system’s final destruction, constitute something almost unique in standard literature. And everywhere there is manifest the author’s power to suggest vague, ambushed horrors in natural scenery. But for how to write a mla, a few touches of commonplace sentimentality this book would be a classic of the first water. The Ghost Pirates (1909), regarded by essay Mr.

Hodgson as rounding out a trilogy with the two previously mentioned works, is a powerful account of a doomed and haunted ship on its last voyage, and of the terrible sea-devils (of quasi-human aspect, and perhaps the spirits of bygone buccaneers) that besiege it and finally drag it down to an unknown fate. How To Write A Mla! With its command of maritime knowledge, and its clever selection of hints and incidents suggestive of latent horrors in Nature, this book at times reaches enviable peaks of power. The Night Land (1912) is a long-extended (583 pp.) tale of the earth’s infinitely remote futurebillions of state billions of years ahead, after the death of the sun. A Mla! It is told in a rather clumsy fashion, as the dreams of a man in the seventeenth century, whose mind merges with its own future incarnation; and is seriously marred by painful verboseness, repetitiousness, artificial and nauseously sticky romantic sentimentality, and an attempt at archaic language even more grotesque and absurd than that in “Glen Carrig”. Allowing for all its faults, it is yet one of the most potent pieces of phd thesis mcnp macabre imagination ever written. The picture of a night-black, dead planet, with the remains of the human race concentrated in a stupendously vast metal pyramid and besieged by write monstrous, hybrid, and altogether unknown forces of the darkness, is something that no reader can ever forget.

Shapes and college essay service a winning, entities of an altogether non-human and inconceivable sortthe prowlers of the black, man-forsaken, and unexplored world outside the pyramidare suggested and partly described with ineffable potency; while the night-bound landscape with its chasms and slopes and dying volcanism takes on an almost sentient terror beneath the author’s touch. Midway in the book the central figure ventures outside the pyramid on a quest through death-haunted realms untrod by man for millions of yearsand in his slow, minutely described, day-by-day progress over unthinkable leagues of immemorial blackness there is a sense of cosmic alienage, breathless mystery, and terrified expectancy unrivalled in the whole range of write a mla literature. The last quarter of the book drags woefully, but fails to college research papers spoil the tremendous power of the whole. Mr. Hodgson’s later volume, Carnacki, the Ghost-Finder, consists of write a mla several longish short stories published many years before in college writing service a winning magazines. In quality it falls conspicuously below the level of the other books. We here find a more or less conventional stock figure of the “infallible detective” typethe progeny of how to write a mla M. Dupin and Sherlock Holmes, and the close kin of Algernon Blackwood’s John Silencemoving through scenes and events badly marred by an atmosphere of professional “occultism”. A few of the episodes, however, are of undeniable power; and afford glimpses of the peculiar genius characteristic of the author. Naturally it is essay impossible in how to write a brief sketch to trace out all the classic modern uses of the terror element.

The ingredient must of necessity enter into all work both prose and verse treating broadly of life; and we are therefore not surprised to college papers online find a share in such writers as the poet Browning, whose “Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came ” is instinct with hideous menace, or the novelist Joseph Conrad, who often wrote of the dark secrets within the sea, and how to write, of the daemoniac driving power of Fate as influencing the lives of lonely and maniacally resolute men. Its trail is one of infinite ramifications; but we must here confine ourselves to contribute to the its appearance in a relatively unmixed state, where it determines and dominates the work of art containing it. Somewhat separate from the main British stream is that current of weirdness in Irish literature which came to the fore in the Celtic Renaissance of the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Ghost and fairy lore have always been of great prominence in Ireland, and for over an hundred years have been recorded by a line of such faithful transcribers and translators as William Carleton, T. Crofton Croker, Lady Wildemother of Oscar WildeDouglas Hyde, and W. B. Yeats. How To Write! Brought to notice by the modern movement, this body of oklahoma state application essay myth has been carefully collected and studied; and its salient features reproduced in how to write a mla the work of papers online later figures like Yeats, J. M. Synge, “A. E.”, Lady Gregory, Padraic Colum, James Stephens, and their colleagues. Whilst on the whole more whimsically fantastic than terrible, such folklore and its consciously artistic counterparts contain much that falls truly within the domain of cosmic horror.

Tales of burials in sunken churches beneath haunted lakes, accounts of how to write death-heralding banshees and sinister changelings, ballads of oklahoma application spectres and how to a mla, “the unholy creatures of the raths”all these have their poignant and definite shivers, and application, mark a strong and write a mla, distinctive element in weird literature. Despite homely grotesqueness and absolute naiveté, there is essay genuine nightmare in how to write the class of narrative represented by the yarn of papers online Teig O’Kane, who in punishment for how to write, his wild life was ridden all night by a hideous corpse that demanded burial and drove him from churchyard to churchyard as the dead rose up loathsomely in each one and refused to accommodate the contribute diversity essay, newcomer with a berth. Yeats, undoubtedly the greatest figure of the how to write a mla, Irish revival if not the oklahoma application, greatest of all living poets, has accomplished notable things both in original work and in the codification of old legends. The best horror-tales of today, profiting by the long evolution of the type, possess a naturalness, convincingness, artistic smoothness, and a mla, skilful intensity of appeal quite beyond comparison with anything in the Gothic work of research papers online a century or more ago. Technique, craftsmanship, experience, and psychological knowledge have advanced tremendously with the passing years, so that much of the how to, older work seems naive and artificial; redeemed, when redeemed at all, only by to the diversity essay a genius which conquers heavy limitations. The tone of jaunty and write, inflated romance, full of false motivation and investing every conceivable event with a counterfeit significance and carelessly inclusive glamour, is now confined to oklahoma state essay lighter and how to write a mla, more whimsical phases of supernatural writing. Serious weird stories are either made realistically intense by close consistency and perfect fidelity to Nature except in the one supernatural direction which the author allows himself, or else cast altogether in the realm of phantasy, with atmosphere cunningly adapted to the visualisation of englisch a delicately exotic world of unreality beyond space and a mla, time, in which almost anything may happen if it but happen in true accord with certain types of imagination and illusion normal to the sensitive human brain. This, at least, is the dominant tendency; though of course many great contemporary writers slip occasionally into some of the flashy postures of immature romanticism, or into bits of the college application essay service, equally empty and absurd jargon of how to write a mla pseudo-scientific “occultism”, now at one of its periodic high tides. Mr. Machen, with an impressionable Celtic heritage linked to keen youthful memories of the wild domed hills, archaic forests, and cryptical Roman ruins of the phd thesis mcnp, Gwent countryside, has developed an imaginative life of rare beauty, intensity, and historic background.

He has absorbed the mediaeval mystery of dark woods and ancient customs, and is a champion of the Middle Ages in all thingsincluding the Catholic faith. He has yielded, likewise, to the spell of the Britanno-Roman life which once surged over write a mla, his native region; and phd thesis mcnp, finds strange magic in the fortified camps, tessellated pavements, fragments of statues, and kindred things which tell of the day when classicism reigned and Latin was the language of the write a mla, country. A young American poet, Frank Belknap Long, Jun., has well summarised this dreamer’s rich endowments and wizardry of expression in the sonnet “On Reading Arthur Machen”: “There is a glory in the autumn wood; The ancient lanes of England wind and design thesis, climb. Past wizard oaks and how to write, gorse and tangled thyme. To where a fort of oklahoma state essay mighty empire stood:

There is a glamour in the autumn sky; The reddened clouds are writhing in the glow. Of some great fire, and there are glints below. Of tawny yellow where the embers die. High-rais’d in splendour, sharp against the North, The Roman eagles, and write, thro’ mists of gold. The marching legions as they issue forth:

I wait, for I would share with him again. The ancient wisdom, and research papers, the ancient pain.” Of Mr. Machen’s horror-tales the most famous is perhaps “The Great God Pan” (1894), which tells of a singular and terrible experiment and its consequences. A young woman, through surgery of the brain-cells, is made to how to write see the vast and monstrous deity of Nature, and becomes an idiot in consequence, dying less than a year later. Years afterward a strange, ominous, and foreign-looking child named Helen Vaughan is placed to board with a family in rural Wales, and haunts the woods in unaccountable fashion. A little boy is thrown out of his mind at sight of someone or something he spies with her, and a young girl comes to graphic a terrible end in similar fashion. All this mystery is strangely interwoven with the Roman rural deities of the place, as sculptured in write antique fragments. After another lapse of years, a woman of strangely exotic beauty appears in society, drives her husband to horror and death, causes an englisch phrasen, artist to paint unthinkable paintings of Witches’ Sabbaths, creates an epidemic of suicide among the men of her acquaintance, and how to, is finally discovered to be a frequenter of the graphic, lowest dens of vice in London, where even the most callous degenerates are shocked at a mla her enormities.

Through the clever comparing of notes on the part of those who have had word of her at various stages of her career, this woman is contribute discovered to be the how to, girl Helen Vaughan; who is the childby no mortal fatherof the young woman on whom the englisch phrasen, brain experiment was made. She is a daughter of hideous Pan himself, and at the last is put to death amidst horrible transmutations of form involving changes of sex and a descent to the most primal manifestations of the life-principle. But the charm of the tale is in the telling. No one could begin to describe the cumulative suspense and ultimate horror with which every paragraph abounds without following fully the how to write a mla, precise order in which Mr. Machen unfolds his gradual hints and revelations. Melodrama is undeniably present, and coincidence is stretched to a length which appears absurd upon analysis; but in the malign witchery of the tale as a whole these trifles are forgotten, and contribute to the essay, the sensitive reader reaches the end with only an appreciative shudder and a tendency to repeat the words of one of the characters: “It is too incredible, too monstrous; such things can never be in this quiet world. . . Write A Mla! . Why, man, if such a case were possible, our earth would be a nightmare.” Less famous and contribute to the diversity essay, less complex in plot than “The Great God Pan”, but definitely finer in atmosphere and general artistic value, is the curious and dimly disquieting chronicle called “The White People”, whose central portion purports to be the diary or notes of a little girl whose nurse has introduced her to how to write a mla some of the forbidden magic and soul-blasting traditions of the noxious witch-cultthe cult whose whispered lore was handed down long lines of peasantry throughout Western Europe, and whose members sometimes stole forth at night, one by college writing service one, to meet in black woods and lonely places for the revolting orgies of the Witches’ Sabbath. Mr.

Machen’s narrative, a triumph of skilful selectiveness and how to, restraint, accumulates enormous power as it flows on in a stream of innocent childish prattle; introducing allusions to strange “nymphs”, “Dôls”, “voolas”, “White, Green, and Scarlet Ceremonies”, “Aklo letters”, “Chian language”, “Mao games”, and the like. The rites learned by the nurse from her witch grandmother are taught to the child by oklahoma application the time she is three years old, and her artless accounts of the a mla, dangerous secret revelations possess a lurking terror generously mixed with pathos. Graphic Design Thesis! Evil charms well known to anthropologists are described with juvenile naiveté, and finally there comes a winter afternoon journey into the old Welsh hills, performed under an imaginative spell which lends to the wild scenery an added weirdness, strangeness, and suggestion of grotesque sentience. The details of this journey are given with marvellous vividness, and form to the keen critic a masterpiece of fantastic writing, with almost unlimited power in the intimation of potent hideousness and how to, cosmic aberration. At length the graphic report, childwhose age is then thirteencomes upon a cryptic and banefully beautiful thing in the midst of a dark and inaccessible wood. She flees in awe, but is permanently altered and write a mla, repeatedly revisits the wood. Essay Englisch! In the end horror overtakes her in a manner deftly prefigured by how to an anecdote in the prologue, but she poisons herself in time.

Like the mother of Helen Vaughan in The Great God Pan, she has seen that frightful deity. She is discovered dead in the dark wood beside the oklahoma state application, cryptic thing she found; and that thinga whitely luminous statue of Roman workmanship about which dire mediaeval rumours had clusteredis affrightedly hammered into dust by the searchers. In the episodic novel of The Three Impostors, a work whose merit as a whole is how to a mla somewhat marred by an imitation of the jaunty Stevenson manner, occur certain tales which perhaps represent the high-water mark of Machen’s skill as a terror-weaver. Here we find in its most artistic form a favourite weird conception of the author’s; the notion that beneath the mounds and contribute to the diversity, rocks of the wild Welsh hills dwell subterraneously that squat primitive race whose vestiges gave rise to our common folk legends of fairies, elves, and the “little people”, and whose acts are even now responsible for certain unexplained disappearances, and occasional substitutions of strange dark “changelings” for normal infants. How To Write! This theme receives its finest treatment in the episode entitled “The Novel of the Black Seal”; where a professor, having discovered a singular identity between certain characters scrawled on Welsh limestone rocks and those existing in essay englisch a prehistoric black seal from Babylon, sets out on a course of discovery which leads him to unknown and terrible things.

A queer passage in the ancient geographer Solinus, a series of mysterious disappearances in the lonely reaches of Wales, a strange idiot son born to a rural mother after a fright in which her inmost faculties were shaken; all these things suggest to the professor a hideous connexion and write a mla, a condition revolting to any friend and application, respecter of the human race. He hires the idiot boy, who jabbers strangely at times in a repulsive hissing voice, and how to a mla, is subject to odd epileptic seizures. Once, after such a seizure in essay phrasen the professor’s study by night, disquieting odours and evidences of unnatural presences are found; and soon after that the professor leaves a bulky document and how to write, goes into the weird hills with feverish expectancy and strange terror in his heart. He never returns, but beside a fantastic stone in the wild country are found his watch, money, and ring, done up with catgut in a parchment bearing the same terrible characters as those on the black Babylonish seal and the rock in the Welsh mountains. The bulky document explains enough to bring up the most hideous vistas. Professor Gregg, from the massed evidence presented by the Welsh disappearances, the application essay, rock inscription, the write, accounts of ancient geographers, and the black seal, has decided that a frightful race of oklahoma state dark primal beings of immemorial antiquity and wide former diffusion still dwells beneath the hills of unfrequented Wales. Further research has unriddled the message of the black seal, and proved that the idiot boy, a son of some father more terrible than mankind, is the heir of monstrous memories and possibilities. That strange night in the study the professor invoked ‘the awful transmutation of the hills’ by the aid of the black seal, and how to write, aroused in research online the hybrid idiot the horrors of his shocking paternity. He “saw his body swell and become distended as a bladder, while the face blackened. . . .” And then the how to, supreme effects of the invocation appeared, and Professor Gregg knew the stark frenzy of cosmic panic in its darkest form. He knew the abysmal gulfs of design report abnormality that he had opened, and went forth into the wild hills prepared and resigned. He would meet the unthinkable ‘Little People’and his document ends with a rational observation: “If I unhappily do not return from my journey, there is no need to conjure up here a picture of the awfulness of my fate.”

Also in The Three Impostors is the “Novel of the White Powder”, which approaches the absolute culmination of loathsome fright. How To A Mla! Francis Leicester, a young law student nervously worn out by essay seclusion and overwork, has a prescription filled by an old apothecary none too careful about the state of his drugs. How To! The substance, it later turns out, is an unusual salt which time and varying temperature have accidentally changed to phd thesis mcnp something very strange and terrible; nothing less, in short, than the mediaeval Vinum Sabbati, whose consumption at the horrible orgies of the Witches’ Sabbath gave rise to shocking transformations andif injudiciously usedto unutterable consequences. Innocently enough, the youth regularly imbibes the powder in a glass of water after meals; and at how to a mla first seems substantially benefited. Gradually, however, his improved spirits take the form of dissipation; he is absent from home a great deal, and appears to have undergone a repellent psychological change. One day an odd livid spot appears on his right hand, and he afterward returns to his seclusion; finally keeping himself shut within his room and admitting none of the household. Essay Writing Service A Winning! The doctor calls for an interview, and departs in a palsy of horror, saying that he can do no more in that house. Two weeks later the patient’s sister, walking outside, sees a monstrous thing at the sickroom window; and servants report that food left at the locked door is no longer touched.

Summons at the door bring only how to a mla a sound of shuffling and a demand in college research papers a thick gurgling voice to write be let alone. At last an awful happening is reported by a shuddering housemaid. The ceiling of the room below Leicester’s is englisch stained with a hideous black fluid, and a pool of viscid abomination has dripped to the bed beneath. How To Write A Mla! Dr. Research Online! Haberden, now persuaded to return to the house, breaks down the young man’s door and strikes again and again with an iron bar at the blasphemous semi-living thing he finds there. How To Write A Mla! It is “a dark and putrid mass, seething with corruption and hideous rottenness, neither liquid nor solid, but melting and changing”. Burning points like eyes shine out of its midst, and college papers online, before it is despatched it tries to lift what might have been an arm. Soon afterward the physician, unable to endure the memory of what he has beheld, dies at sea while bound for write, a new life in America. Mr. Machen returns to the daemoniac “Little People” in oklahoma application essay “The Red Hand” and “The Shining Pyramid”; and in The Terror, a wartime story, he treats with very potent mystery the effect of man’s modern repudiation of how to a mla spirituality on the beasts of the world, which are thus led to phd thesis mcnp question his supremacy and to unite for his extermination.

Of utmost delicacy, and passing from mere horror into true mysticism, is The Great Return, a story of the Graal, also a product of the write, war period. Too well known to need description here is the phd thesis mcnp, tale of “The Bowmen”; which, taken for authentic narration, gave rise to the widespread legend of the “Angels of Mons”ghosts of the how to write, old English archers of Crécy and Agincourt who fought in 1914 beside the hard-pressed ranks of England’s glorious “Old Contemptibles”. Mr. Blackwood’s lesser work is marred by college papers several defects such as ethical didacticism, occasional insipid whimsicality, the flatness of benignant supernaturalism, and a too free use of the trade jargon of modern “occultism”. A fault of his more serious efforts is how to a mla that diffuseness and long-windedness which results from an excessively elaborate attempt, under the phd thesis mcnp, handicap of a somewhat bald and journalistic style devoid of intrinsic magic, colour, and vitality, to visualise precise sensations and nuances of uncanny suggestion. But in spite of a mla all this, the major products of Mr. Blackwood attain a genuinely classic level, and evoke as does nothing else in literature an papers, awed and convinced sense of the immanence of strange spiritual spheres or entities. The well-nigh endless array of Mr. Blackwood’s fiction includes both novels and shorter tales, the latter sometimes independent and sometimes arrayed in a mla series. Essay Englisch Phrasen! Foremost of all must be reckoned “The Willows”, in which the nameless presences on a desolate Danube island are horribly felt and recognised by a pair of a mla idle voyagers. Here art and restraint in narrative reach their very highest development, and college research papers, an impression of write a mla lasting poignancy is produced without a single strained passage or a single false note.

Another amazingly potent though less artistically finished tale is “The Wendigo”, where we are confronted by horrible evidences of a vast forest daemon about which North Woods lumbermen whisper at evening. The manner in which certain footprints tell certain unbelievable things is really a marked triumph in craftsmanship. In “An Episode in a Lodging House” we behold frightful presences summoned out of black space by a sorcerer, and “The Listener” tells of the awful psychic residuum creeping about an old house where a leper died. In the graphic design thesis, volume titled Incredible Adventures occur some of the finest tales which the author has yet produced, leading the fancy to wild rites on nocturnal hills, to secret and terrible aspects lurking behind stolid scenes, and to unimaginable vaults of mystery below the sands and pyramids of Egypt; all with a serious finesse and delicacy that convince where a cruder or lighter treatment would merely amuse. Some of these accounts are hardly stories at all, but rather studies in elusive impressions and half-remembered snatches of dream.

Plot is everywhere negligible, and a mla, atmosphere reigns untrammelled. John SilencePhysician Extraordinary is a book of five related tales, through which a single character runs his triumphant course. Marred only by traces of the graphic design thesis, popular and write a mla, conventional detective-story atmospherefor Dr. Silence is one of those benevolent geniuses who employ their remarkable powers to aid worthy fellow-men in difficultythese narratives contain some of the author’s best work, and produce an illusion at once emphatic and lasting. The opening tale, “A Psychical Invasion”, relates what befell a sensitive author in a house once the scene of dark deeds, and how a legion of fiends was exorcised. “Ancient Sorceries”, perhaps the finest tale in the book, gives an college research papers online, almost hypnotically vivid account of an old French town where once the unholy Sabbath was kept by all the people in the form of how to write a mla cats. In “The Nemesis of Fire” a hideous elemental is evoked by new-spilt blood, whilst “Secret Worship” tells of a German school where Satanism held sway, and where long afterward an evil aura remained. “The Camp of the Dog” is a werewolf tale, but is weakened by moralisation and professional “occultism”. Too subtle, perhaps, for definite classification as horror-tales, yet possibly more truly artistic in essay an absolute sense, are such delicate phantasies as Jimbo or The Centaur.

Mr. Blackwood achieves in these novels a close and palpitant approach to the inmost substance of dream, and write a mla, works enormous havock with the conventional barriers between reality and imagination. Beauty rather than terror is the keynote of Dunsany’s work. Phd Thesis Mcnp! He loves the vivid green of jade and of copper domes, and the delicate flush of sunset on the ivory minarets of how to a mla impossible dream-cities. Humour and irony, too, are often present to impart a gentle cynicism and modify what might otherwise possess a naive intensity. Nevertheless, as is inevitable in a master of triumphant unreality, there are occasional touches of cosmic fright which come well within the authentic tradition. Phd Thesis Mcnp! Dunsany loves to write hint slyly and adroitly of phrasen monstrous things and incredible dooms, as one hints in how to a mla a fairy tale. In The Book of Wonder we read of Hlo-hlo, the phd thesis mcnp, gigantic spider-idol which does not always stay at home; of what the Sphinx feared in how to write a mla the forest; of Slith, the englisch, thief who jumps over the edge of the world after seeing a certain light lit and knowing who lit it; of the anthropophagous Gibbelins, who inhabit an evil tower and a mla, guard a treasure; of the Gnoles, who live in the forest and from whom it is not well to steal; of the City of Never, and the eyes that watch in the Under Pits; and report, of kindred things of darkness.

A Dreamer’s Tales tells of the mystery that sent forth all men from Bethmoora in the desert; of the vast gate of Perdóndaris, that was carved from a single piece of ivory; and of the voyage of poor old Bill, whose captain cursed the crew and paid calls on nasty-looking isles new-risen from the sea, with low thatched cottages having evil, obscure windows. Many of Dunsany’s short plays are replete with spectral fear. In The Gods of the Mountain seven beggars impersonate the seven green idols on a distant hill, and enjoy ease and honour in how to write a city of worshippers until they hear that the real idols are missing from college research, their wonted seats. A very ungainly sight in the dusk is reported to them“rock should not walk in the evening”and at last, as they sit awaiting the arrival of a troop of dancers, they note that the approaching footsteps are heavier than those of good dancers ought to be. Write A Mla! Then things ensue, and in englisch the end the presumptuous blasphemers are turned to green jade statues by the very walking statues whose sanctity they outraged. But mere plot is the very least merit of write this marvellously effective play.

The incidents and developments are those of a supreme master, so that the whole forms one of the most important contributions of the present age not only to drama, but to literature in general. A Night at an Inn tells of four thieves who have stolen the emerald eye of Klesh, a monstrous Hindoo god. They lure to their room and succeed in slaying the three priestly avengers who are on their track, but in essay writing service the night Klesh comes gropingly for how to write, his eye; and having gained it and departed, calls each of the despoilers out into the darkness for an unnamed punishment. College Essay Service A Winning! In The Laughter of the Gods there is a doomed city at the jungle’s edge, and a ghostly lutanist heard only by those about to die (cf. Alice’s spectral harpsichord in Hawthorne’s House of the Seven Gables ); whilst The Queen’s Enemies retells the anecdote of Herodotus in how to which a vengeful princess invites her foes to a subterranean banquet and phd thesis mcnp, lets in the Nile to drown them. But no amount of mere description can convey more than a fraction of Lord Dunsany’s pervasive charm. His prismatic cities and unheard-of rites are touched with a sureness which only mastery can engender, and how to a mla, we thrill with a sense of actual participation in his secret mysteries.

To the truly imaginative he is a talisman and a key unlocking rich storehouses of dream and research online, fragmentary memory; so that we may think of write a mla him not only as a poet, but as one who makes each reader a poet as well. The art of Dr. James is by phd thesis mcnp no means haphazard, and in the preface to one of his collections he has formulated three very sound rules for write, macabre composition. A ghost story, he believes, should have a familiar setting in the modern period, in order to approach closely the reader’s sphere of experience. Its spectral phenomena, moreover, should be malevolent rather than beneficent; since fear is the emotion primarily to be excited. And finally, the technical patois of “occultism” or pseudo-science ought carefully to graphic thesis be avoided; lest the charm of casual verisimilitude be smothered in unconvincing pedantry. Dr.

James, practicing what he preaches, approaches his themes in a light and often conversational way. Creating the illusion of every-day events, he introduces his abnormal phenomena cautiously and gradually; relieved at every turn by touches of homely and prosaic detail, and sometimes spiced with a snatch or two of antiquarian scholarship. Conscious of the write, close relation between present weirdness and accumulated tradition, he generally provides remote historical antecedents for his incidents; thus being able to phd thesis mcnp utilise very aptly his exhaustive knowledge of the how to write a mla, past, and his ready and college a winning, convincing command of archaic diction and colouring. A favourite scene for a James tale is some centuried cathedral, which the author can describe with all the how to write, familiar minuteness of a specialist in phd thesis mcnp that field. Sly humorous vignettes and bits of how to write a mla life-like genre portraiture and characterisation are often to be found in Dr. James’s narratives, and serve in his skilled hands to augment the general effect rather than to spoil it, as the same qualities would tend to do with a lesser craftsman. In inventing a new type of ghost, he has departed considerably from the conventional Gothic tradition; for where the older stock ghosts were pale and stately, and report, apprehended chiefly through the sense of sight, the write, average James ghost is report lean, dwarfish, and hairya sluggish, hellish night-abomination midway betwixt beast and write, manand usually touched before it is seen. Sometimes the spectre is of still more eccentric composition; a roll of flannel with spidery eyes, or an invisible entity which moulds itself in bedding and shews a face of crumpled linen.

Dr. James has, it is clear, an intelligent and scientific knowledge of human nerves and feelings; and knows just how to apportion statement, imagery, and subtle suggestions in order to secure the best results with his readers. He is an artist in incident and arrangement rather than in atmosphere, and reaches the emotions more often through the intellect than directly. This method, of course, with its occasional absences of sharp climax, has its drawbacks as well as its advantages; and many will miss the thorough atmospheric tension which writers like Machen are careful to essay build up with words and scenes. But only a few of the tales are open to the charge of tameness. Generally the laconic unfolding of abnormal events in adroit order is amply sufficient to produce the desired effect of cumulative horror. The short stories of Dr. James are contained in four small collections, entitled respectively Ghost-Stories of an Antiquary, More Ghost Stories of an Antiquary, A Thin Ghost and Others, and A Warning to the Curious. There is how to also a delightful juvenile phantasy, The Five Jars, which has its spectral adumbrations.

Amidst this wealth of material it is hard to phd thesis mcnp select a favourite or especially typical tale, though each reader will no doubt have such preferences as his temperament may determine. “Count Magnus” is write a mla assuredly one of the best, forming as it does a veritable Golconda of suspense and suggestion. Mr. Wraxall is an English traveller of the middle nineteenth century, sojourning in Sweden to secure material for a book. Becoming interested in the ancient family of De la Gardie, near the village of Råbäck, he studies its records; and finds particular fascination in the builder of the report, existing manor-house, one Count Magnus, of whom strange and terrible things are whispered. The Count, who flourished early in the seventeenth century, was a stern landlord, and famous for his severity toward poachers and delinquent tenants. His cruel punishments were bywords, and there were dark rumours of influences which even survived his interment in the great mausoleum he built near the churchas in the case of the two peasants who hunted on his preserves one night a century after his death.

There were hideous screams in the woods, and near the tomb of how to write a mla Count Magnus an unnatural laugh and the clang of a great door. Next morning the essay englisch, priest found the two men; one a maniac, and the other dead, with the flesh of his face sucked from the bones. Mr. Wraxall hears all these tales, and a mla, stumbles on more guarded references to a Black Pilgrimage once taken by essay the Count; a pilgrimage to Chorazin in Palestine, one of the cities denounced by Our Lord in the Scriptures, and in which old priests say that Antichrist is to be born. No one dares to write a mla hint just what that Black Pilgrimage was, or what strange being or thing the Count brought back as a companion. Meanwhile Mr. Englisch Phrasen! Wraxall is increasingly anxious to explore the write a mla, mausoleum of Count Magnus, and service, finally secures permission to do so, in a mla the company of a deacon. He finds several monuments and three copper sarcophagi, one of oklahoma state which is the Count’s.

Round the edge of this latter are several bands of engraved scenes, including a singular and hideous delineation of a pursuitthe pursuit of a frantic man through a forest by a squat muffled figure with a devil-fish’s tentacle, directed by a tall cloaked man on a neighbouring hillock. The sarcophagus has three massive steel padlocks, one of which is lying open on the floor, reminding the write a mla, traveller of a metallic clash he heard the day before when passing the mausoleum and wishing idly that he might see Count Magnus. His fascination augmented, and the key being accessible, Mr. Wraxall pays the thesis report, mausoleum a second and solitary visit and finds another padlock unfastened. The next day, his last in Råbäck, he again goes alone to bid the a mla, long-dead Count farewell. Once more queerly impelled to utter a whimsical wish for a meeting with the buried nobleman, he now sees to his disquiet that only one of the graphic thesis report, padlocks remains on the great sarcophagus.

Even as he looks, that last lock drops noisily to the floor, and there comes a sound as of creaking hinges. Then the monstrous lid appears very slowly to rise, and Mr. Wraxall flees in panic fear without refastening the door of the mausoleum. During his return to England the traveller feels a curious uneasiness about his fellow-passengers on the canal-boat which he employs for the earlier stages. Cloaked figures make him nervous, and he has a sense of being watched and how to, followed. Of twenty-eight persons whom he counts, only phrasen twenty-six appear at meals; and the missing two are always a tall cloaked man and a shorter muffled figure. How To Write A Mla! Completing his water travel at Harwich, Mr.

Wraxall takes frankly to flight in a closed carriage, but sees two cloaked figures at state essay a crossroad. Finally he lodges at a small house in a village and a mla, spends the time making frantic notes. On the second morning he is found dead, and research papers online, during the write a mla, inquest seven jurors faint at sight of the body. The house where he stayed is never again inhabited, and upon its demolition half a century later his manuscript is discovered in a forgotten cupboard. In “The Treasure of Abbot Thomas” a British antiquary unriddles a cipher on some Renaissance painted windows, and thereby discovers a centuried hoard of gold in a niche half way down a well in application writing service a winning the courtyard of write a German abbey. But the crafty depositor had set a guardian over that treasure, and something in the black well twines its arms around the searcher’s neck in such a manner that the quest is abandoned, and a clergyman sent for. Each night after that the research papers online, discoverer feels a stealthy presence and detects a horrible odour of mould outside the write a mla, door of his hotel room, till finally the clergyman makes a daylight replacement of the stone at college papers online the mouth of the treasure-vault in the wellout of which something had come in write a mla the dark to avenge the disturbing of old Abbot Thomas’s gold. As he completes his work the cleric observes a curious toad-like carving on the ancient well-head, with the Latin motto “Depositum custodi keep that which is committed to thee.” Other notable James tales are “The Stalls of Barchester Cathedral”, in which a grotesque carving comes curiously to life to avenge the secret and oklahoma state application essay, subtle murder of an old Dean by his ambitious successor; “‘Oh, Whistle, and I’ll Come to You, My Lad’”, which tells of the horror summoned by a strange metal whistle found in how to write a mediaeval church ruin; and phd thesis mcnp, “An Episode of Cathedral History”, where the dismantling of write a pulpit uncovers an archaic tomb whose lurking daemon spreads panic and pestilence. Dr. James, for all his light touch, evokes fright and hideousness in their most shocking forms; and to the essay, will certainly stand as one of the few really creative masters in his darksome province.

Startling mutations, however, are not to be looked for in either direction. In any case an approximate balance of tendencies will continue to exist; and while we may justly expect a further subtilisation of how to technique, we have no reason to think that the general position of the spectral in literature will be altered. It is a narrow though essential branch of human expression, and will chiefly appeal as always to a limited audience with keen special sensibilities. Whatever universal masterpiece of to the tomorrow may be wrought from phantasm or terror will owe its acceptance rather to a supreme workmanship than to a sympathetic theme. Yet who shall declare the dark theme a positive handicap?

Radiant with beauty, the Cup of the Ptolemies was carven of onyx.

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RN Resume #038; Job Application Advice. Once nursing school is complete and the graduate has passed the NCLEX-RN exam he or she will receive a nursing license issued by the State. This makes the how to write a mla, graduate eligible for employment in essay, that state. So, now the fun really begins by how to write, building an college research online amazing resume and a focused and write purposeful job search. The graduate can work on dazzling the contribute to the, interviewer in-person, during the RN interview, but first, he or she needs to get noticed by submitting an exceptional resume. First and foremost an how to write a mla outstanding nursing resume is professional and graphic thesis report concise . These are required and absolutely mandatory to write, apply for any nursing position, even though filling out an online application is also required. Essay. The key to a successful resume is to how to write, keep it simple yet persuasive while always remembering to create the essay, best possible image of oneself on paper.

Many graduates choose to browse at images of resumes online before committing to a resume style. The style will affect which sections and words are bolded, centered, underlined, and other formatting variations. Choosing a format that makes a strong impression is write a good place to start. Here are a few guidelines to follow, whichever format is chosen: Make your name stand out The top of the resume states name and contact information, this should be either bold, have a big font size, be underlined, or all three and if your middle name is phrasen unique it may be wise to add it as this may catch the attention of the HR Representative Be sure to list an write a mla email address as well as phone number, address, and name Avoid listing any social media links for a nursing position It must be free of graphic thesis report, grammatical and spelling errors Have a friend proofread the resume and read it out loud more than once to yourself Hire a professional to proofread, usually for write a mla, a nominal fee Keep it simple and concise Unless there are a lot of extras to college writing, list a new graduate nurse should not need more than one page Stick to basic fonts The preferred font is Times New Roman because it is easy to read and fits well on a page. The resume should be short and concise and portray the graduate's attributes in a positive and professional manner. The new graduate registered nurse without healthcare experience should not be overly concerned about his or her lack of experience as a nurse. Employers are expecting this and look forward to teaching the new graduate nurse the policies and procedures of the organization.

Many employers embrace new graduates and appreciate the opportunity to mentor. The image portrayed should be that of an eager and how to write a mla humble new nurse who wants to learn from experienced nurses who are smarter and better at nursing he or she is. The arrogant new graduate does not get very far in nursing neither during the resume and interview process nor on the job. The nursing resume usually consists of these sections. Objective Education Experience Licensure and Certifications Technical Skills Optional sections may include: Honors and Awards Achievements Languages Professional Memberships Volunteer Experiences. This is a general statement about the directive of the graduate. These have evolved over the years from a brief phrase stating the graduate's intent to something similar to an abbreviated cover letter. Some objective statements may be as long as a short paragraph. It needs to be a clear and concise statement about the goals of the graduate and a quick sales pitch addressing accomplishments and education.

Labeling this section with Objective is acceptable but using an attention-provoking section title is more desirable. Eager New Graduate Registered Nurse (section label) Dedicated BSN graduate with honors from design thesis report Brown University, GPA 3.5. How To A Mla. Licensed registered nurse holding ACLS and BLS certifications and over 600 hours clinical experience. Most cherished clinical experience in fast paced teaching hospitals on the Medical-Surgical and Intensive Care Units. Excels in multitasking and communication and technically proficient in electronic medical records including Epic and Cerner. Proven ability to quickly establish rapport with patients, families and staff. Consistently demonstrates attention to detail, compassion, and perseverance. The education section should list high schools and colleges, including nursing school.

These are best organized chronologically with most recently graduated school at the top of the graphic thesis, list. Please include name of school, degree earned, and year of write, graduation. Phd Thesis Mcnp. Adding geographic location and a mla areas of phd thesis mcnp, study is how to write a mla also acceptable. For any other nursing programs, such as Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) or Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN), please add to this section as well, and be sure to highlight these accomplishments as they may prove to make the graduate stand out above others. Bolding, italics, or underlining may be a good method of doing so. Brown University, Bachelor's of Science in application essay, Nursing (BSN), 2016 Pruitt Nursing Aide School, Nurses Aide Diploma (CNA), 2015 Charleston Community College, Associate's Degree in Nursing (ADN), 2014 Phoenix High School, High School Diploma, 2012. The new graduate without healthcare experience may list clinical experiences and any work experience during or prior to write a mla, graduation.

Employers who hire new graduates understand this section will be smaller than that of an application essay writing a winning experienced nurse. The new graduate with healthcare experience may use this section as an opportunity to list these and any details about the position which may help relate them to the desired job. Any experience listed should contain the company name, geographic location, job title, area of experience within the company, dates, and a description. The description should be short and concise, however if the how to write a mla, graduate needs to research, fill space on how to write a mla, the page, creating multiple lines of experience descriptors may be wise. University Hospital Seattle, WA March to August 2015. Registered Nursing Student-­Medical Intensive Care Unit Care of septic, alcohol and drug withdrawal, cardiac, and CVA patient populations during clinical rotation Participated in Mock Code Blue and received ACLS/BLS certification Created good rapport and working relationships with patients, families, and staff. Cook Medical Center Seattle, WA January to March 2015. Registered Nursing Student-Neuro Intensive Care Unit Care of CVA, aneurysm, traumatic brain injury, and alcohol and drug withdrawal patient populations during clinical rotation Developed appropriate and effective rhythms for workday Able to critically think through and prepare for worse-case scenarios. In this section, the graduate should list the state in which he or she is essay phrasen newly licensed as a registered nurse as well as CPR certifications earned during the how to write, nursing program, or otherwise. To The Diversity. While listing the expirations dates is acceptable it is not required, so if space is write a mla limited it's fine to leave those out. All nursing programs require Basic Life Support (BLS) certification to participate in research papers online, clinical hours and provide the class during school.

Some programs may offer or require Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) certification towards the end of the nursing program when clinicals may be in critical care areas, such as the intensive care unit, labor and delivery, or operating rooms. If hired into a critical care position, the how to, ACLS certification is a job requirement and graphic design thesis report many employers will provide the class during the internship. Write A Mla. However, to appear as a more desirable candidate, the graduate may become certified in ACLS prior to being hired. Other certifications are also available to an RN without experience, see Certifications in Nursing for graphic design report, more on this. Licensure and how to write a mla Certifications. Washington State Nursing Licensure, expires October 2017 Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Certification, expires October 2017 Basic Life Support (BLS) Certification, expires October 2017. This section is college application service intended for electronic medical records (EMR) programs used during clinical hours, other computer software experience, and any medical equipment with which the graduate has had exposure.

Epic and Cerner experience, proficient in Microsoft Word and Outlook, and Alaris IV pumps. Some optional sections include Honors and Awards, Achievements, Languages, Professional Memberships, and Volunteer Experiences, if applicable. Example of Nursing Graduate Resume. Now that we've discussed each piece of the nursing graduate resume, let's put it all together in this example resume using a simple format, 555 Main Street Seattle, WA 98052 • (555) 555-5555 • [emailprotected] Eager New Graduate Registered Nurse. Dedicated BSN graduate with honors from a mla Brown University, GPA 3.5. Licensed registered nurse with ACLS and BLS certifications and over 600 hours clinical experience. Most cherished clinical experience in college application essay writing service, fast paced teaching hospitals on the Medical-Surgical and Intensive Care units.

Excels in multitasking and communication and technically proficient in electronic medical records including Epic and Cerner. Proven ability to quickly establish rapport with patients, families and staff. Consistently demonstrates attention to detail, compassion, and perseverance. Brown University, Bachelor's of Science in Nursing (BSN), 2016 Charleston Community College, Associate's Degree in Nursing (ADN), 2015 Pruitt Nursing Aide School, Nurses Aide Diploma (CNA), 2014 Phoenix High School, High School Diploma, 2012. University Hospital Seattle, WA March to August 2015. Registered Nursing Student-­Medical Intensive Care Unit Care of septic, alcohol and write a mla drug withdrawal, cardiac, and CVA patient populations during clinical rotation Participated in design, Mock Code Blue and how to write received ACLS/BLS certification Created good rapport and working relationships with patients, families, and staff. Cook Medical Center Seattle, WA January to March 2015. Registered Nursing Student-Neuro Intensive Care Unit Care of CVA, aneurysm, traumatic brain injury, and alcohol and design drug withdrawal patient populations during clinical rotation Developed appropriate and effective rhythms for workday Able to critically think through and prepare for worse-case scenarios. Licensure and Certifications. Washington State Nursing Licensure, expires October 2017 Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Certification, expires October 2017 Basic Life Support (BLS) Certification, expires October 2017.

Epic and Cerner experience, proficient in Microsoft Word and Outlook, and Alaris IV pumps. While this is how to a mla just an example the basic sections should be included on the resume but some may be added or changed to fit the stylistic approach the new graduate wishes to present. Cover letters, if the graduate chooses to submit one, are meant to college writing, be a one page summary of the write a mla, graduate's intentions in seeking the college papers online, position. Each cover letter should be customized to the individual facility and not use generic terms. Write A Mla. For example, instead of writing, seeking a job in healthcare, the graduate should write, seeking a job at thesis a fast-paced teaching hospital, or even, seeking a job at write Brown University Hospital. A well-written Objective statement may take the place of a cover letter for many facilities. Once the resume is perfected and graphic design has been proofread, either by a professional resume assistant or a grammatically-gifted friend, it is ready for submission. The best method to how to write a mla, find an RN job is to search online for a suitable position. Application. The days of pounding the pavement by write, going door-to-door from one human resources office to essay englisch, another, are over. Now the graduate can streamline the process by simply applying online.

The only exception to how to write, this rule may be small non-hospital facilities. It's best for the graduate to find local facilities which he or she would love to work in and go down the list from there. Most graduates have an idea of what area of nursing they prefer from attending clinicals. For example, if you loved your clinical rotation in the busy intensive care unit at the large teaching hospital, apply there first then go down the desirables list until you've found a job. When searching hospital websites keywords to search for englisch phrasen, a new graduate registered nurse position include: Nurse Intern New Nurse Graduate Registered Nurse Intern Registered Nurse Graduate Critical Care Intern Medical-Surgical Intern Graduate Nurse RN Intern. Remember that when using hospital search engines less is more. Simply searching, intern may list non-nursing positions along with nursing positions but having this broad scope to write a mla, read through is better than a scope which is contribute essay too narrow and missing a potential position.

Starting with a narrow search term, such as Medical-Surgical Intern, then moving to broader terms, such as, intern, may produce good results. Large hospital chains, meaning one large company with many hospitals, will often allow for a user profile to be created and a resume and job application on file. How To A Mla. This profile can be used for multiple positions. The most sought after new nurse graduate positions in hospitals include: medical-surgical orthopaedics oncology mom/baby emergency room intensive care unit operating room labor and papers online delivery. The best ways to find non-hospital jobs is to how to write, search online, however, small facilities may not have up-to-date websites. Begin by searching for facilities in the area and checking out oklahoma essay their websites. A Mla. Apply online, if able, but if nothing is posted, call the facility to find out if any openings are available or drop by with a resume. With hospitals this usually won't work because the busy human resources departments rarely return phone calls of phd thesis mcnp, this sort and seldom accept resumes for positions which are not posted online.

For the new graduate not seeking employment in a hospital highly desired positions include: skilled nursing facilities home health outpatient surgical centers physician's office aesthetics offices, such as laser hair removal or botox injections adult family homes. Like hospital positions for write a mla, new graduate nurses non-hospital jobs will also require and provide training programs. Most nursing graduates have some experience in skilled nursing facilities and home health from clinical rotations. So if the oklahoma, new graduate is hired into how to, these positions he or she will likely not need as much training as something totally new and different. Facilities should always be sure the graduate is properly trained and safe before he or she is able to work alone. And if, after orientation and training is over, the graduate does not feel ready, do not be shy about saying so. Diversity. While it's normal to feel nervous about how to write a mla, starting as a new nurse the graduate should understand whom to go to with questions and have a basic understanding of how to phd thesis mcnp, work as a safe nurse in the chosen specialty. LinkedIn and Facebook are some popular sites to write, find nursing recruiters or job postings. Graphic. Be sure to delete any questionable pictures or comments from write your social media accounts.

Facilities have been known to browse candidates before asking them to to the, interview. Bring a Resume and how to write Show up in Person. This can work for big facilities with Human Resources departments but also for essay writing service a winning, small facilities where the how to write, hiring manager may be available to meet. If the facility isn't hiring, don't be discouraged, simply leave a resume and fill out an application. A position may open up the following day! Keep in research papers, touch with fellow nursing students.

All nursing graduates are going to write a mla, looking for a new job and phd thesis mcnp keeping in touch with them will let you know which facilities are hiring.

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2017 MBA Essay Questions: MIT Sloan. 2017 MIT Sloan Full-Time MBA Application Class of 2020. As expected, MIT has retained their cover letter for the 2017 MBA application #8212; and they#8217;ve also added a video component! It has a prescribed question and how to write, they#8217;re calling it a #8220;video statement#8221; #8212; you have to record your video and upload it to the app like another essay, as part of the essay phrasen submission. The question is deceivingly simple: Please introduce yourself to your future classmates via a brief video statement. This one is going to how to write a mla, require some introspection and self-examination in order to answer well! You#8217;ll want to treat this more like a second essay not to the extent that you#8217;ll literally write out your answer, since that would seriously backfire on you if you were to sit there and read it while you were being filmed. Instead, you#8217;ll outline and prepare your content for both the video statement, and the cover letter, and college online, the optional essay if you need it. Then, you#8217;ll write the cover letter (and write it again the how to write revision process is critical) and review and adjust your ideas for college research, the video statement. After the cover letter and resume (and optional essay) are all done, when you submit the app, then you#8217;ll also record your video statement too. You need to how to write a mla, know how you#8217;re going to handle it before you send it all in!

This requires a concentrated approach. Design Thesis Report! For the cover letter, which is how to write, another assignment that Brave Supplicants have found challenging, they#8217;ve thankfully given you BSers a break this year by expanding the max length of that cover letter by 50 words. You may not think that 50 words is state application essay, very much but believe the write #8216;Snark, 300 words is WAY more than 250. This is still going to be an exceedingly challenging essay to write (mostly because it#8217;s really not an essay) however you won#8217;t have quite as tough a time as last year#8217;s crop of applicants did. Here are the phd thesis mcnp full instructions for the written components these also have been greatly expanded and further explained so you know what you#8217;re getting int. They are helping you significantly here! MIT Sloan seeks students whose personal characteristics demonstrate that they will make the most of the incredible opportunities at MIT, both academic and non-academic. We are on a quest to find those whose presence will enhance the experience of other students. We seek thoughtful leaders with exceptional intellectual abilities and the drive and determination to put their stamp on the world. We welcome people who are independent, authentic, and fearlessly creative — true doers. We want people who can redefine solutions to conventional problems, and strive to preempt unconventional dilemmas with cutting-edge ideas.

We demand integrity and respect passion. How To A Mla! Taking the above into consideration, please submit a cover letter seeking a place in the MIT Sloan MBA Program. Your letter should conform to a standard business correspondence, include one or more examples that illustrate why you meet the desired criteria above, and be addressed to Mr. Rod Garcia, Senior Director of Admissions (300 words or fewer, excluding address and salutation). Please submit a resume that includes your employment history and academic record in phd thesis mcnp reverse chronological order. Other information appropriate to a business resume is welcomed and encouraged. (no more than 1 page in how to length) The cover letter at MIT is actually a long-standing tradition that they resuscitated last year, after previously having it as recently as 2012 (when it was but one of a suite of essays). Research! Well offer you this from Twitter#8217;s Professor Snarky (no relation): Dear student: A job cover letter needs to say what they#39;ll get out of hiring you, not what you#39;ll get out of being hired. Because of the video question, which is pretty open-ended, then the Additional Information submission for MIT has moved back to write, text only; it can now be up to 200 words, which means you should use it as you would any other school#8217;s optional essay (meaning, only if specifically needed to explain something that you can#8217;t otherwise explain elsewhere in the application, like low GPA, gaps in employment, etc.). Please note: For several years, it was highly recommended to do the Additional Info submission for Sloan!!

That has now changed. You will need to evaluate your circumstances very carefully and see what you#8217;re conveying with the application writing a winning cover letter + resume + video statement! Do NOT include the Additional Info only because you think you should or you read somewhere that everyone should do it for Sloan! That advice is how to write a mla, now outdated. College Papers! If you#8217;re researching posts here on the blahg about your app strategy for MIT, please pay careful attention to the date; anything that does not say 2017 is not likely to be accurate with this year#8217;s application instructions. A Mla! But wait! There#8217;s more! #128578;

MIT has a unique element to phd thesis mcnp, their process: If you get invited to write, interview then you#8217;ll need to submit a separate essay as part of oklahoma state application that process. The essence of this question is that they#8217;re asking for a story where you#8217;ve being successful in some capacity in your career that demonstrates how you#8217;re in a mla sync with their mission (note that as of 7/31/17 we#8217;ve been informed by a sharp-eyed BSer that it#8217;s a change to the actual prompt from essay what they had before): The mission of the MIT Sloan School of how to write a mla Management is to develop principled, innovative leaders who improve the world and to generate ideas that advance management practice. We believe that a commitment to college, diversity, inclusion, equity, and well-being is a key component of both principled leadership and sound management practice. In 250 words or less, please describe how you, as a member of the MIT Sloan community, would work to create a campus that is welcoming, inclusive and increasingly diverse. This is now in line with many other schools that are not just focusing on their own culture but also on how to how each applicant will actually contribute to it in a civil way, to foster growth and change productively (in contrast with the polarized politics a lot of people are fostering in the #8220;real world#8221; right now). This is not an easy question! There#8217;s a lot to parse here and you could go in many different directions with it #8212; which is both a grand opportunity and diversity essay, also a very big challenge. Most people don#8217;t do so well in articulating how they feel they#8217;re a fit through this (it is NOT asking you for the standard info of #8220;I want to take this course or be in this club#8221; stuff that so many applicants use in how to write a mla other essays). This one needs to oklahoma application, be part of your full strategy. We actually suggest you write it when you write your cover letter. Our essay guide explains why, and how to write, how).

One advance tip: Often BSers start with Story A in college essay service a winning the CL and Story B in the Mission essay, and how to a mla, after tearing their hair out for a week or so, finally realize that the two stories should be swapped. Which is yet another reason why it#8217;s so strategic to work on them together. Essay Phrasen! Be open to how to write, totally juggling around your ideas as you go through this. Essay Englisch Phrasen! Dang, lots of changes again this year, Sloan! The recommenders#8217; requirements also have been changed! And they shifted their Round 1 deadline out till later in September, which takes the how to pressure off when you#8217;re scrambling to get other top schools done earlier in the month. Graphic Report! And yes there#8217;s more! they now have two rounds for LGO, instead of just one which was a tough process for how to, many BSers. These are all awesome improvements; they#8217;re streamlining, clarifying, and contribute to the diversity, otherwise changing for the better. How To A Mla! Yet Sloan is still Sloan!

You will not be able to reuse anything you#8217;ve done for any other school (except for the parts that capture YOU; those parts won#8217;t need to be changed!). We have revised our MIT SnarkStrategies Guide to reflect all of this and how it impacts your strategy as a Class of 2020 MBA applicant. There#8217;s also been a number of posts on the EssaySnark blahg about the MIT Sloan cover letter and graphic report, resume this year see the write Snark Info on Sloan section below for some highlights. We also definitely recommend getting up to Boston to application, experience Sloan for yourself, and if not, then be sure to get in front of the adcom in one of their traveling sessions if at all possible. How To! This really will help you quite a bit. For some additional insights into MIT Sloan, we live-tweeted an college, MIT admissions chat in how to a mla late August 2015.

From @MITSloanAdcom: Common mistake is people who don#39;t follow instructions-seems like common sense but happens more often then you think. From @MITSloanAdcom: It can certainly be a challenge for intl student to work in the US but many of our intl grads work abroad for US cos. Service! Someone asked how recent is recent for essay: the how to write a mla choice is yours but we typically recommend that the experience be w/in the last 3 yrs. Here#39;s a good Q: Do you expect managerial experience from candidates or will demonstrated leadership experience in essay service a winning other roles suffice ? The @MITSloanAdcom#39;s answer: Leadership in other roles is perfectly fine. The average work experience is typically 5 years.

At least they#39;re still consistent on this! We would prefer a one page resume. All schools do BTW. From @MITSloanAdcom: The only advice I have for how to write a mla, interview is to diversity essay, print your application and think of new examples to talk about! Confirming what we#39;ve been saying for years now: From @MITSloanAdcom: I always encourage people to apply in round 1 if possible. Pick up the 2017 MIT essay guide to learn how to approach the app! It#8217;s been completely revised for this year#8217;s requirements.

Your approach for MIT must be different they evaluate your application based on write specific criteria that are unique to them. Contribute To The Diversity! If you want to understand how this works, please pick up the SnarkStrategies Guide for MIT it will help you grasp what#8217;s so very unique about this school#8217;s admissions criteria, compared to how to a mla, other top MBA programs. MIT 2017 FULL-TIME MBA Dates and Deadlines. Regular MBA and graphic design thesis, LGO Round 1: September 25, 2017 More applicant-friendliness from MIT this year! First, they moved their Rd 1 date out a mla, so that deadlines are going to be more staggered for many of you in September. Essay Englisch Phrasen! Big win! Second, they#8217;re now letting you apply to LGO in write a mla Round 1, too! Used to be, LGO apps were due in December and there was only college application essay service one deadline, and it was definitely not optimized if you were trying for other schools in write Round 1. This is way better. Remember that while Rd 1 is graphic thesis, always recommended, it is how to, REALLY recommended at MIT based on graphic design report how they manage their process. Rd 1 interview invitations will start going out on October 5th and write, then come on research every Thursday until November 2nd, when applicants they won#8217;t be moving forward with will be released.

For those being interviewed, a final decision comes in mid December like other top schools. LGO Round 2: December 4, 2017 if you#8217;re interested in LGO then this can work too but for how to a mla, most of you, Round 1 will be better due to timing of decisions with other schools. (LGO is oklahoma state application essay, a joint degree with MIT Engineering, you can find out more here .) Regular MBA Round 2: January 17, 2018 yay thank you also MIT for keeping your Round 2 date later. OMG jumping up and down you make the a mla #8216;Snark happy on behalf of college research all future BSers everywhere. We expect Round 2 interview invitations will go out in waves starting February 21, with Round 2 release to a mla, happen on March 3. Interviews will be conducted by the adcom in international locations from February 27 to March 27. Please note that MIT had only thesis report two rounds for admission up through the 2015-2016 application cycle, so it#8217;s very possible that you could read posts from the #8216;Snarchives that are outdated in how to a mla how they talk about timing of an application strategy for this school. College Research! Always check to see that the write a mla information you#8217;re consuming here and elsewhere is current and applicable to the current year! There are a lot of changes with the MIT admissions requirements! The 2017 MIT Application Guide is now available, with a full discussion of what to do and state application, how to maximize your chances in light of the new application.

For Reference: MIT#8217;s Past-Season Questions. How To! Included in case anyone wants to oklahoma state application, see what Sloan asked before. A Mla! Click to view last year's questions. 2016 MIT Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. They are officially going retro! MIT has restored their classic #8220;cover letter#8221; question, which was the very first form of an #8220;introduce yourself#8221; type essay that any school ever instituted.

Good news: We#8217;ve got lots of experience in college helping successful applicants work through this important deliverable! Cover Letter: Please submit a cover letter seeking a place in the MIT Sloan MBA Program. How To A Mla! Your letter should conform to a standard business correspondence and be addressed to college application essay writing service a winning, Mr. Rod Garcia, Senior Director of Admissions. (250 words or fewer for the body of the write letter) Resume: Please submit a resume that includes your employment history and phd thesis mcnp, academic record in how to reverse chronological order. Other information appropriate to design thesis report, a business resume is how to, welcomed and encouraged. (no more than 1 page in contribute length) Thankfully they#8217;ve clarified now that the 250 words is the body of the cover letter only! On each of write these EssaySnark school essay question and info pages, we always retain our commentary from past seasons#8217; app requirements at the bottom and in the case of MIT Sloan, we#8217;re going to graphic design report, recommend you actually go through and read all of that.

The info on last year#8217;s app can give some context into the changes that the adcom has been making. Also, to fill you in, the cover letter requirement was a staple of the MIT app through 2012 when it was but one of a suite of essays. This 2016 MIT Sloan MBA application is write a mla, a hybrid of phd thesis mcnp tried-and-true requirements that have been updated to the modern era of MBA applications. As an example of the modern era, they#8217;ve again kept their #8220;Additional Information#8221; optional submission, which we actually say is how to a mla, not optional this is report, one of the write a mla very few schools where you really do want to phd thesis mcnp, submit something for this: Optional Question: The Admissions Committee invites you to write, share additional information about yourself, in any format. Papers Online! If you choose a multimedia format, please host the information on a website and provide us with the URL. Please keep all videos and media limited to a mla, 2:00 minutes total in length. Please keep all written essays to college application writing service, 500 words or less. If hosting your submission on a website, please ensure you provide an unprotected link (no password required). How To A Mla! Instead of this being a traditional #8220;optional essay#8221; which we typically suggest you DON#8217;T submit unless you have to in order to explain something, in this case, for MIT, we suggest you DO come up with something to include here particularly this year when there#8217;s only the single essay for the app.

Our MIT essay guide goes into all the strategy behind this suggestion. We have revised our comprehensive MIT SnarkStrategies Guide to reflect all of this and how it impacts your strategy as a Class of contribute 2019 MBA applicant. We do NOT recommend buying any previous season version of how to this school#8217;s guide; it will NOT help you with the core application and the details involved with this year#8217;s strategy. They#8217;ve also kept their post-interview-invite essay where they want you to tell a story about being successful in the context of their mission a classic #8220;culture#8221; type question: The mission of the MIT Sloan School of graphic Management is to develop principled, innovative leaders who improve the world and to generate ideas that advance management practice. Please share with us something about your past that aligns with this mission. (250 words or fewer). Only those who are lucky enough to get invited to the interview stage will need to do this additional essay (we actually suggest you write it when you write your cover letter though! our essay guide explains why, and how to, how). How long and in what capacity have you known the applicant?

How does the applicant stand out from others in a similar capacity? Please give an example of the applicant#8217;s impact on a person, group, or organization. Please give a representative example of report how the how to write applicant interacts with other people. Which of the applicant#8217;s personal or professional characteristics would you change? If you are an phd thesis mcnp, academic/technical recommender, please tell us how well the applicant mastered the subject you taught or supervised and in how to write what ways did the writing service a winning applicant demonstrate this mastery. (LGO only?) Please tell us anything else you think we should know about this applicant. Our Recommender#8217;s Instruction Sets can be especially useful for a mla, this school! [end discussion of MIT#8217;s last-year questions] 2015 MIT Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. Update 3/9/16: MIT says that 5% of the class will be admitted in Round 3, but they’re discouraging international applicants due to potential visa timing issues. MIT WAS PICKY IN ROUND 1. They#8217;re clearly going for an improvement to their rankings based on a strengthening of the class profile. We expect average GMAT score to go up even further at diversity essay, MIT for the Class of how to write a mla 2018, based on phd thesis mcnp the outcomes we#8217;re seeing from them so far this season. How To Write A Mla! (We did predict that, back in May#8230;) Thankfully (. ) MIT has modified its application this year. Their essay questions the past two cycles were straight-up awful for BSers to phd thesis mcnp, deal with.

This year they#8217;ve gone down to ONE main question which normally we#8217;d be rather unhappy about, except that they#8217;re also introducing a system sort of similar to HBS, where you submit a second essay if you#8217;re invited to interview. (Harvard#8217;s Post-Interview Reflection is write, not the same, but it#8217;s the same idea: get another submission from the applicant at research papers online, the interview stage.) AND while on first glance it appeared that MIT retained the worst of the worst of its essay prompts from last year (see below), actually they changed that too! All around positives. The other big change? They#8217;re EXPANDING their admissions cycle to three rounds. For a very long time, MIT has had just two rounds yet for several years running, we#8217;ve heard that they accepted #8220;late#8221; applications after their January Round 2 date was past. So they sort of kind of let you apply after their final deadline anyway. They#8217;re now standardizing to do what every other top school does. Three Rounds.

September, January, April. Cool. The main application essay question is how to write, what we#8217;re most pleased about. Here it is: Tell us about a recent success you had: How did you accomplish this? Who else was involved? What hurdles did you encounter? What type of impact did this have? (500 words or fewer). To The Essay! This is such a classic #8220;significant achievement#8221; question that we#8217;re practically rejoicing here in Snarkville. Such questions let applicants communicate in ways that are revealing at least, provided the applicant does a good job with the question! The question itself is absolutely awesome: It has subparts that guide you on what to how to a mla, focus on, it#8217;s a reasonable length to graphic design, convey what#8217;s needed, and how to a mla, it#8217;s unambiguous. Essay Writing Service A Winning! Thank you, Sloan!

We have a category for posts here on the blahg called #8220;essay types #8216;achievement#8217; essays#8221; which you may want to investigate if you#8217;re researching how to approach this. Write! Our wait for it Accomplishments Achievements App Accelerator may also be useful in phd thesis mcnp hashing through your possible topics and figuring out which #8220;recent success#8221; is going to be most effective for you to how to write, present. What other goodness is coming from the MIT announcement? Well, they’re retaining their “Additional Information” optional submission, which we have always liked. To The Diversity! Here’s the wording for that: Optional Question: The Admissions Committee invites you to write a mla, share anything else you would like us to know about you, in phd thesis mcnp any format.

Good stuff already coming @MITSloanAdcom chat: It is highly recommended you also submit optional essay (tho it#39;s schoolspecific advice!) They#8217;re also introducing a post-interview-invite essay requirement which looks remarkably similar to what they asked as a main essay prompt for how to, the past two years, except that they fixed the awkwardness of it and design report, now they#8217;re just asking you to how to a mla, tell another story about being successful somehow: The mission of the MIT Sloan School of Management is to graphic, develop principled, innovative leaders who improve the world and to generate ideas that advance management practice. Please share with us something about a mla your past that aligns with this mission. (250 words or fewer). MIT had a near-identical question as its Essay 1 for two years and almost entirely because of that, had been recognized here in Snarkville as having the application essay worst essay questions. A Mla! This new version of the prompt is state, much better though 250 words is very short. If you are in how to write the lucky position of being invited to interview at MIT, you definitely will want to avail yourself of the benefits in our Sloan essay strategy guide #8212; though hopefully you will get the guide right away so that you can benefit from the entire strategy we lay forth! As of that early May 2015 announcement of the new essay questions, their app requirements page had NOT been fully edited and updated (once again, MIT exhibits sloppiness as of this writing on 5/10/15, they have the new essay questions listed at the top but then the discussion of Letters of oklahoma state application essay Recommendation talks about an how to write a mla, #8220;essay #2#8221; which is a leftover comment from last year#8217;s app).

We#8217;re not saying that we never have errors on our site but on a school#8217;s app requirements page? Proofread, Sloan Adcom, proofread. Thesis Report! 7/16/15 Good news! MIT continues to how to write, introduce applicant-friendly changes. We#8217;ve now discovered that they ditched the ridiculous suggestion that applicants submit a resume in Sloan#8217;s own resume format, and that the resume could be only #8220;50 lines.#8221; These restrictions were just silly, and created undue stress for candidates. You still should only be submitting a one-page resume (that#8217;s true for graphic design thesis, any school) but now you don#8217;t have to worry about a particular format for a particular school (especially when that format did not even demonstrate best practices for MBA applicants). Thank you, Sloan Adcom, for coming around!! MIT 2015 Dates and Deadlines. MIT now has three rounds! That means: Be careful about a mla any posts you read here on phd thesis mcnp the blahg about #8220;two rounds#8221; and MIT.

We have discussed the implications of this change to three rounds in the 2015 MIT Application Guide but we have not gone back over our historical posts here on write this site to offer warnings or corrections what we may have said in the past about application strategy at MIT may not apply to this new world of design report a standardized admissions cycle. Round 1: September 17, 2015 almost a week earlier than Rd 1 was last year. A Mla! Traditionally this has been the most advantageous at MIT but we don#8217;t know if that will hold true quite in the same way this year (Rd 1 is always recommended but it used to be REALLY recommended at MIT based on how they managed their two-round cycle; Rd 1 will still be an essay, advantage, but it#8217;s a TBD on how big of an how to write, advantage it will be going forward at this school). Based on essay a 10/7/15 announcement on the MIT blog , interview invitations this year will work the same as they did last year in Round 1: They#8217;ll start going out in how to write mid-October, through the college #8220;week of November 9th#8221; (not sure why they can#8217;t name the actual day?). That#8217;s when the Round 1 #8220;release from consideration#8221; happens, which is a nice way to how to write a mla, say #8220;no#8221; to phd thesis mcnp, you if they#8217;re not interested. For those being interviewed, a final decision comes in mid December like other top schools. A Mla! Round 2: January 14, 2016 . This jives with what happened last season, which actually was not what was originally planned. State Application Essay! They had set Round 2 to be January 8, 2015, but then at how to, the last minute, it was EXTENDED TO JANUARY 13th. Round 2 is always viable at MIT. Round 2 interview invitations will going out the week of February 15th (same as last year), with Round 2 release to state essay, happen somewhere around March 1st.

Round 3 THIS IS NEW: April 11, 2016. We don#8217;t generally post Round 3 deadlines here on the blahg because it#8217;s typically near-impossible to get in then. HOWEVER: Since Round 3 is NEW at MIT, then we can only write a mla expect that they have modified their internal admissions processes to leave spots open for candidates at that stage. We still believe it will be difficult to get in on a Round 3 app but in this case, it may not be quite so difficult as it would be elsewhere. YMMV. Whew! That#8217;s a lot of change! If you want to understand how this works, please pick up the SnarkStrategies Guide for MIT (2015 version) it will help you grasp what#8217;s so very unique about this school#8217;s admissions criteria, compared to state, other top MBA programs. And of course, you get a full discussion of the how to a mla impact of the contribute to the changes with the addition of Round 3 and everything else. The 2015 guide was totally overhauled from how to a mla 2014; this is not an edit or refresh, it#8217;s a completely new book! [end discussion of MIT#8217;s 2015 questions] Click to view 2014 questions.

2014 MIT Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. Here#8217;s what we said when the 2014 questions came out#8230; remember this analysis is from a previous year. The mission of the phd thesis mcnp MIT Sloan School of Management is to develop principled, innovative leaders who improve the how to a mla world and to generate ideas that advance management practice. Discuss how you will contribute toward advancing the mission based on examples of past work and activities. (500 words or fewer) Write a professional letter of recommendation on essay englisch phrasen behalf of yourself. Answer the following questions as if you were your most recent supervisor recommending yourself for admission to write, the MIT Sloan MBA Program: (750 words or fewer) How long and in what capacity have you known the applicant? Really, MIT? REALLY.

How does the college application essay applicant stand out from others in a similar capacity? Please give an example of the applicant#8217;s impact on a person, group, or organization. Please give a representative example of how the how to a mla applicant interacts with other people. Which of the phd thesis mcnp applicant#8217;s personal or professional characteristics would you change? Please tell us anything else you think we should know about write this applicant. At least they kept the Optional Information thing (see the 2013 Questions section below on contribute to the essay that; we recommend everyone submit something). They also kept essentially the how to same deadlines as they had in phd thesis mcnp 2013. [end discussion of MIT#8217;s 2014 questions]

Click to view 2013 questions. 2013 Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. Here#8217;s what we said when the 2013 questions came out. Wow! No cover letter. [They had this cover-letter thing as part of how to their app for graphic design, YEARS.

Decades, maybe. They ditched it in 2013.] They really switched things up! Bschool admissions peeps seem to be in a contest to do more things differently in 2013. Write! Here#8217;s the Sloan 2013 essay questions: The mission of the graphic design thesis report MIT Sloan School of Management is to develop principled, innovative leaders who improve the world and generate ideas that advance management practice. Discuss how you will contribute toward advancing the how to write a mla mission based on examples of past work and phd thesis mcnp, activities. (500 words/one page max) Describe a time [within the how to a mla last three years] when you pushed yourself beyond your comfort zone. (500 words/one page max) Optional Question: The Admissions Committee invites you to share anything else you would like us to know about you, in any format. First note: ESSAY 1 IS HARD. State Application Essay! Second note: While most every school allows an how to a mla, #8220;optional essay#8221;, in most cases, we advise to only write it when you have something important to explain that you can#8217;t cover elsewhere in oklahoma application the app (typically a gap in employment, not getting a rec from a current supervisor, what happened during college and a mla, that low GPA, etc.). For MIT, we recommend that EVERYONE submit the #8220;Optional Question#8221; and in particular that you do so using a non-written format if possible e.g., video or something snappy.

Note though: They don#8217;t allow uploads. It must be posted somewhere on the web, but not behind a password (no protected Dropbox links); and no Flash. We talk about all this in the Sloan SnarkStrategies Guide which has been totally revamped to help you with these very unique essay challenges. [end discussion of 2013 questions] Click to to the diversity, view 2012 questions. How To A Mla! A cover letter and design report, two essays: Please prepare a cover letter (up to how to, 500 words) seeking a place in the MIT Sloan MBA program. Your letter should describe your accomplishments, address any extenuating circumstances that may apply to your application, and englisch, conform to standard business correspondence. Your letter should be addressed to Mr. Rod Garcia, Senior Director of Admissions. Essay 1: Please describe a time when you had to convince a person or a group of your idea. Essay 2: Please describe a time when you overcame a personal setback. Write A Mla! [end discussion of 2012 questions] MIT Links, Important App Info, and Some Snark. official school pages:

EssaySnark#8217;s posts on MIT: We haven#8217;t reviewed too many MIT essays on the blahg, however there#8217;s plenty of other schools with similar-enough questions that we have covered: We go into great detail in the Sloan essay guide on how to graphic design thesis, handle the questions that this school asks. How To Write A Mla! Start there. Then, if you want an MIT essay reviewed for free! on the blahg, try sending it over! If you#8217;re looking for research, personalized and private help, then our standard Essay Decimator is ideal (we strongly suggest writing BOTH ESSAYS together at once; that way, you can get your entire pitch critiqued, and you#8217;ll be ahead of the game when it#8217;s time for that interview invite to come along!). How To! 2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from scratch to essay englisch, help you with the 2017 app! The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to help you with the write nine short-answer options and your career goals! The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and the 'introduce yourself' video.

The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the 25 Random Things essay and to the diversity essay, all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and strategies for how to, your Class of 2020 app. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on The 'Snark. I think that the reviewer raised a lot of good points, but a) three pages of feedback on a 250 word . Oklahoma State Application Essay! As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to my pitch in order to maximize my . A Mla! What were we snarking about at this time in past years? 2016 : Round 2 Countdown has started 2016 : Being prepared for your MBA interview 2016 : ($) If you get fired, do you need to tell the adcom? 2016 : Good luck for HBS applicants! 2015 : ($) The wanderer wants to application essay writing a winning, use bschool to find a new path. 2014 : Did you just discover EssaySnark?

2013 : Success Story! A Journey to the Center of America: A Saga (Part 2: The First Year) 2013 : More on visiting schools 2012 : ($) What about a lower-ranked program? (No, lower than that) 2011 : essay critique: Columbia essay 2 life experience EssaySnark® is how to write, a registered trademark. All content copyright 2010-2017 Snarkolicious Press · Privacy Policy.

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The definition of how to a bipartite graph ensures that no arc connects any nodes where both nodes are in the same partition. This is because in an undirected graph, the relationship being expressed is not necessarily symmetric. The solution to a maxFlowProblem represented by a flow network represented as digraph H is optimal if: Formal mathematical definition[ edit ] The formal definition of the contribute to the assignment problem or linear assignment problem is Given two sets, A and how to a mla T, of equal size, together with a weight function C: This graph will have will have the graphic same set of nodes as G, but it will have more arcs than G. How To Write A Mla? Each arc a in contribute the image has a label, these labels are a. Here’s code for the label updating function: You don’t prove NP-hardness by reducing the problem to how to write, an NP-hard problem, you prove it by phd thesis mcnp reducing an NP-hard problem to the problem you’re trying to solve. Step 1 According to a mla, this step we need to check whether the matching is already perfect, if the answer is positive we just stop algorithm, otherwise we need to clear S, T and alternating tree and then find some exposed vertex from the X part. In other words a feasible maximum flow solution can be represented by a digraph, which: This can be shown to lead from phd thesis mcnp, a maximum matching to write, a minimal node cover by a proof by contradiction , take some arc a that was supposedly not covered and consider all four cases regarding whether a. The algorithm continues until a perfect matching is produced. An augmenting path is defined as one which terminates at the terminal node of the max flow problem for which it is an contribute essay augmenting path. If the process reaches a point that it knows that no other improvement is possible, the process can terminate and it will return the optimal maximum flow solution. First, we need to generate a new digraph H. None of the operations on arc weights modify the final assignment returned by the algorithm. Unfortunately, this concept only makes sense when we are solving a minimization if rather than maximizing the how to write profits of our worker-task assignments we were instead minimizing the cost of such assignments. My labels for the proofs are the same as in the Sedgewick book.

The first set is arcs a in graphic thesis report matching, with the how to write a mla change that if a. At last, here’s the function that implements Hungarian algorithm: In its most general form, the problem is college essay service a winning as follows: Other methods work as well. A maximum matching matching is how to a mla a perfect matching if every for node n in G. Papers Online? We will do this using breadth-first search algorithm. Cut Capacity The cut capacity of an s-t cut stCut with source node s and a mla terminal node t of a flow network represented by a digraph G is: This seems like a significant condition what if these sets are not equal! In the above example, suppose that there are four taxis available, but still only contribute to the essay, three customers. The algorithm is how to write pretty difficult to implement and college writing service a winning I haven’t seen any implementations around, especially if you want the minimum cost. G is how to a mla connected if every node n in G. Condition 1 is called a conservation constraint.

Additionally, all flow exiting n will eventually directly or indirectly flow into the terminal node proved earlier. W4, J4, W3, J3, W2, J2 — augmenting alternating path A tree which has a root in some exposed vertex, and a property that every path starting in college the root is alternating, is called an alternating tree. How To A Mla? If digraph H represents a feasible maximum flow solution: For example, W4, J4, W3, J3, W2, J2 and contribute W4, J1, W1 are alternating paths If the first and last vertices in alternating path are exposed, it is called augmenting because we can increment the size of the matching by inverting edges along this path, therefore matching unmatched edges and vice versa. I wanted to how to write, know if there were any other solution smarter than my sort of “constrained brute force”, that avoids the adaptation to englisch, another NP-hard problem, given the small amount of nodes. Condition 2 is called a capacity constraint.