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Argumentative Essay Against Abortion | Cram
a pocketful of essay 16 October 2002. Reading stories often leads people to find specific similarities and differences between them, whether they are in certain character traits, plot twists, or themes within the abortion stories. Katherine Mansfield’s short story “Miss Brill” makes for research an interesting comparison to William Faulkner’s short story “A Rose For Emily.” Although the stories seem to be very different, the relationships they share are of much more value. The differences in social involvement between Miss Brill and Emily Grierson cannot outweigh the similarities in their lack of genuine social and romantic lives and their tragic states of denial. Against! Normally, people become prideful when they take an interest in their community. It makes them feel as if they are a part of something bigger. An important difference between the characters Miss Brill and Emily Grierson is that Miss Brill took this to purdue an entirely different level.
It is clear that Brill’s home life is boring when an almond slice in abortion, her cake can excite her and when she goes home to her dark cupboard of write claims, a room. Through the depths of her sadness and loneliness she has convinced herself that she was a necessary part of her community, that it would be unable to function properly without her presence. This is demonstrated when she thinks to herself, “They were all on the stage. They weren’t only the audience, not only looking on; they were acting. Even she had a part and came every Sunday. Essays Against! No doubt somebody would have noticed if she hadn’t been there; she was part of the performance after all” (Mansfield 20). She also comments, “Only two people shared her ‘special seat’” (Mansfield 18), meaning she has that seat because she is important, again trying to make herself seem a key component in examples, her surroundings. This contrasts sharply with the way Emily Grierson shuns society. This is essays abortion, first implied when the purdue narrator tells of the town’s reaction to Emily’s death. It says, “When Miss Emily Grierson died, our whole town went to her funeral: the men through a sort of respectful affection for a fallen monument, the essays against women mostly out of curiosity to see the inside of her house, which no one save an old manservant—a combined gardener and write claims, cook—had seen in at least ten years” (Faulkner 32). Essays Abortion! Though her father had kept her locked in the house, she had remained there, a hermit, even after his death, leaving the townspeople curious as to what went on in her life.
The only thing Emily did with people was teach a few children to paint China, which, in itself, was an outdated, useless craft that faded in resume, the interests of the people. Her lack of involvement and complete disinterest in against, society is also shown in how to write, the way she ignored all of the tax notices mailed to against her and, when she spoke with the deputation about her taxes, insistently stating, “See Colonel Sartoris. I have no taxes in Jefferson” (Faulkner 34) she revealed how sheltered she had been living, as Colonel Sartoris had been dead for research purdue about ten years. No matter how much people interact within their society, they need to essays against make relationships to create an actual social binding. Miss Brill and Emily were lacking both prosaic and romantic relationships in their lives. Narrative About My Niece! Though their public practices varied so significantly, neither woman ever ended up with an authentic social life. Upon reading both stories it is essays abortion against, obvious that both women are very lonely. As we know, Brill’s life was not very exciting. She would spend her Sunday outings watching people, in anticipation of hearing their voices. “They did not speak. This was disappointing, for carrie winstanley a dissertation Miss Brill always looked forward to the conversation. Essays! She had become really quite expert, she thought, at listening as though she didn’t listen, at sitting in other people’s lives just for a minute while they talked round her” (Mansfield 18).
Brill lived vicariously through the how to claims characters in her real-life theatrical performance. She encountered a range of boredom, awe, and even happiness from the different things she observed and unconsciously related them to her life. One example of essays abortion, this is, “A beautiful woman came along and dropped her bunch of resume, violets, and abortion, a little boy ran after to write hand them to her, and she took them and threw them away as if they’d been poisoned. Dear me! Miss Brill didn’t know whether to admire that or not!” (Mansfield 19). This example implies that she has passed up several opportunities for love in her youth. She subconsciously parallels herself with the younger woman, not knowing whether or not she should admire her choice to reject the man that gave her the flowers.
She isn’t sure because she knows the girl could end up like the next woman Miss Brill observed. She wore an ermine toque and was flirting with a man, but was disrespected when he “…shook his head, lighted a cigarette, slowly breathed a great deep puff into her face, and even while she was still talking and laughing, flicked the match away and walked on” (Mansfield 19). The woman was old and abortion, unwanted, again making a reference to master Brill’s life. Emily Grierson was left with no relationships because of the unique relationship she had with her father. The story states, “None of the young men were quite good enough for Miss Emily and such. Against! We had long thought of narrative my niece, them as a tableau, Miss Emily a slender figure in white in the background, her father a spraddled silhouette in the foreground, his back to her and clutching a horsewhip, the essays abortion two of my niece, them framed by the backflung front door” (Faulkner 36). This creates the image of Emily’s father chasing off people, and it is confirmed in essays, the quote, “We remembered all the young men her father had driven away, and we knew that with nothing left, she would have to cling to marketing thesis that which had robbed her, as people will” (Faulkner 36). Essays Abortion Against! That is research paper, exactly what Emily did. Essays Against! Her father took away all of her chances to how to claims surround herself with loving people, and so she held tightly to abortion the only man she had, and later, after his death, to his body.
As we know, the cycle continued, and she remained locked in her house alone until her own passing. There are many different ways people handle their problems. Some people deal with their problems right away, some try to run from their problems, and others choose a more extreme approach. They refuse to acknowledge that their problem exists at all. This defense mechanism is known as denial, and master, it is against, a common theme that runs throughout both “Miss Brill” and “A Rose for Emily.” One example of this is the way Miss Brill denies her aging. In the quote, “She felt a tingling in her hands and arms, but that came from walking, she supposed. And when she breathed, something light and how to claims, sad—no, not sad, exactly—something gentle seemed to move in her bosom” (Mansfield 17), she tries to make up an excuse for an obvious sign of poor circulation caused by growing old.
The feeling in essays abortion against, her bosom is the sadness she then suppresses and paper, denies was ever there. When thinking about the band Brill thinks, “And what they played was warm, sunny, yet there was just a faint chill—a something, what was it? —not sadness—no, not sadness—a something that made you want to abortion sing” (Mansfield 21). Here she again changes her wording from sadness to something lighter and happier. Brill most blatantly denies the dulling sadness of her life, however, as she lives vicariously through others. Unwilling to feel her own despair, she makes other people’s feelings her own. She again pushes her feelings back when she says she thinks she hears the fur cry when she puts it away. It is obvious that the cry is her own pain showing through. Emily’s denial is first apparent when she refuses to accept that her father is dead. Though we know she was deeply attached to him, the quote, “Miss Emily met them at narrative about my niece, the door, dressed as usual and abortion against, with no trace of grief on her face.
She told them that her father was not dead. She did that for three days, with the ministers calling on her, and the doctors, trying to persuade her to let them dispose of the body” (Faulkner 36), shows the extremes to which she was willing to research paper go in order to essays against repress her sorrow. She took her fear of losing people to another level when she poisoned Homer. Because she knew deep down that Homer was probably gay, as “Homer himself had remarked—he liked men, and it was known that he drank with the younger men in the Elks’ Club—that he was not a marrying man” (Faulkner 39), she feared him leaving her and poisoned him so he would never have the chance to hr director go. Though the stories “Miss Brill” and “A Rose For Emily” seem to be about two different women living completely different lives, they parallel in abortion, many subtle, but important ways.
Annotated Works Cited. Winstanley Phd Writing For Dummies Uk Edition! Mansfield, Katherine. Essays! “Miss Brill.” A Pocketful of Prose . Vol. 2. Ed. David Madden. Ft. Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace, 1996. Mansfield short story in which an old woman wearing an write old, worn fur sits in a park on a Sunday, watching people and essays abortion against, listening to the band. She sits desperate to hear other people’s conversations and listen in on how to write, their lives. Against! She watches a young woman reject a man by throwing away his flowers and an older woman in an ermine toque trying to flirt with a man who rejects her, both of which she subconsciously relates to her self in resume, how she blew many chances for love in her youth.
A young couple sits next to abortion against her and the girl makes fun of her fur, which deeply hurts her as she relates to it, also. Instead of stopping by the bakery like usual, she drives home forlorn, puts the fur away, and sits in her sadly in narrative my niece, her dark, cupboard-like room. Faulkner, William. Abortion! “A Rose For Emily.” A Pocketful of essay about, Prose . Vol. Abortion! 1. Ed. David Madden. Narrative About My Niece! Ft. Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace, 1992. Essays Abortion Against! Faulkner short story that begins with the winstanley death of Emily Grierson. An anonymous neighbor tells how she had lived with her father her whole life.
He had chased away all of the men that had liked Emily, leaving her with only him. Upon his death, Emily refused to acknowledge he had died and essays, wouldn’t give up his body. She eventually did, though, and spent the majority of her life thereafter locked in her house with only one manservant present. She later met a man named Homer who, being possibly gay, frightened Emily. Fearing that he might leave her, she poisoned him and kept his body so that he wouldn’t be able to.
After her death, the townspeople, curious as to what had gone on in Emily’s life, discovered Homer’s body in an upstairs room with one of Emily gray hairs lying on hr director, the pillow next to it.
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sample essay ads Sample Essays for Advertising Essay. 2. Furniture Depot employed our internet advertising company to help. Since then its businesses increased by abortion, 10% over last year's totals. Furniture Depot's success demonstrates how using our internet services can increase your profitability. Describe how well reasoned you find this argument. In the resume discussion be sure to essays abortion against analyze the line of reasoning and the use of for the death essay, evidence in the argument. Essays Against! For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the how to write claims thinking and what alternative explanations or counter examples might weaken the argument's conclusion. You may also address possible changes in the argument that would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion. This essay has three main flaws:
1) They are taking credit for essays against something they may not be responsible for: other factors could have caused the increase in sales. This is the after this therefore because of this fallacy. 2) Although sales increased, did profits increase? Did the costs of advertising exceed the increase in sales? We don't know. Hr Director Resume! Since the argument concludes that they can increase profitability, this is not valid. This is abortion against similar, but not the same as, a fallacy of eqivocation, where the same word is thesis given two meanings. Didn't get a 6? Try another practice essay Need to abortion learn more tips on structure and essay writing, read the AWA Guide to get tips on essay writing Selected Sample Essays: textfield: The internet advertising company is unsuccesful in promoting its services because it takes credit for Furniture Depot's 10% sales increase without explaining what role it had in this success. The advertising company makes unsubstantiated claims as to hr director resume its effect on Furniture Depot's business success. Abortion Against! The advertiser would have been better served to mention specifically its strategies with the furniture store and how these may have positively influenced the company.
As well, some type of customer information would have been useful in comparing public recognition of Furniture Depot before and after the marketing thesis examples advertisor's involvement. First of all, a potential client for essays abortion against this advertisor would want some type of background as to why, specifically the sales rose. An overall rise in economy will normally lead to business increases, irrespect to what advertising firm is used. Perhaps Furniture Depot recently purchased new and better furniture or reduced its prices. The demise of a nearby furniture competitor would also increase Furniture Depot's sales. Without fully understanding the situation, a client cannot make an informed decision based on the information provided by resume, the advertising company.
In other words, there could be other factors causing the change and they are incorrectly attributing it to themselves. Get to abortion against the heart of the essay logical flaw. In addition, public recognition of the new Furniture Depot's advertisement would have greatly benefited the advertisor's claims. A small survey asking customers why they were in abortion against Furniture Depot and where they were first informed of the store could effectively accomplish this task. For instance, the how to write claims knowledge that the advertisor attracted new customers by against, offering a free T-shirt or poster would at least clarify the detailed strategic intentions of the advertisor. this is fine, but you missed another huge flaw in the reasoning. The argument said that revenues went up by 10%, but what is interest to business is profits. So there are really two main flaws here 1) falsely taking credit and 2) revenues vs. Introduction For The! profits. In conclusion, the advertising company's claims of improving Furniture Depot's sales is unwarrented and unsubstantiated. A business's sales may improve for essays abortion against a number of reasons, one of phd writing uk edition, which may be effective advertising. But without this information, proper analysis of the essays against effect played by research paper, the advertisor on Furniture Depot is not possible.
Style here is abortion good, this is a fine essay. Structure: 5 very good. Content: 5 good, should have mentioned profit flaw. Style: 5, Good, well-balanced. textfield: The internet advertising company argues that because Furniture Depot used their service and Furniture Depot's business increased 10% over last year's totals, that their internet services can increase your company's profitability. Research! Two serious flaws undermine this assumption. This is a fine intro. You could discuss the flaws in the intro in summary. First, Furniture Depot's 10% increase in business may have been due to other factors than using the services of the abortion against internet advertising company. A mere correlation does not establish causality GOOD LOGIC, Watson! . In fact, Furniture Depot's business may have increased due to new merchandise, a new radio campaign, or a shakeup in the sales department nice examples. The internet advertising company offers no evidence to directly establish that Furniture Depot's increase in resume business was due to retaining their services.
Without establishing causality, the internet. advertising company's argument is abortion against highly suspect. Second, the internet advertising company's success with Furniture Depot may not be directly transferrable to other lines of business EXCELLENT SUMMATION OF A PARAGRAPHS POINT IN ONE SENTENCE. Master! For example, a company that specializes in selling ice cream might cater to a group of customers whose demographics are extremely different than Furniture Depot's customers. Furniture Depot's customers might be highly educated and essays abortion, internet savy; whereas the ice cream company's group might be poorer and less likely to use the internet. Customer groups who use the internet less than Furniture Depot's customers will be less likely to be influenced by internet advertising. In fact, different businesses may find that media other than the internet will appeal more strongly to their. target customer groups.
When people can't find the right flaws in marketing thesis an argument, they try splitting hairs. The problem here is that you argue the internet is only used by some demographics, not too strong in a day of juno.com. Essays Against! Name major markets where the demographics are bad for the internet?? very few. A stonger example would have been that certain industries are not. compatible with the essay internet. The internet is essays abortion against more important with the airline industry than ice cream because you can buy and sell it online. Try shipping ice cream by fedex. This paragraph is an narrative essay about my niece, example.
Sure, that is a problem, but you are missing the major glaring flaw that every bschool candidate should catch. They said they increased sales, but did they increase PROFITS? What's the bottom line. Profits are whats important. In summary, the internet advertising company's argument is essays abortion against not persuasive. It would be more persuasive if it could be demonstrated that Furniture Depot's 10% increase in business was directly related to introduction for the essay internet advertising.
Furthermore, the internet advertising company could more successfully persuade other companies that Furniture Depot's success could be replicated with their target customer groups by demonstrating that the demographics of essays, Furniture Depot's customers closely match that of their prospective customers. Structure here is good, suprisingly good considering you aren't on our. records for buying out awa guide. if you are taking the AWA seriously its a must read. This is a 5 essay. This argument is winstanley a dissertation for dummies not very well reasoned, thought there are some possibilities how it could be strengthened in its line of essays abortion, argumentation. In the intro paragraph you should discuss more about the phd writing uk edition argument and its problems (all sample arguments are loaded with flaws). Essays! This is too short. The internet advertising company presents the evidence that it was employed by Furniture Depot for 1 year and essay about, that afterwards businesses rose by 10 %. Abortion! The internet company than makes the conclusion that this example demonstrates how employing the company would increase everybody's profitability. combine this with Paragraph 1. As one can see there are several assumptions made that are not proven.
The internet company generalizes its success in the furniture branch to all other branches as well. In other branches though it might not be possible or helpful to make advertisement in the internet, like in research paper purdue the car washing industry. Another assumption made is that the 10 % rise in business was only essays abortion against, achieved by introduction for the death essay, the company's advertisements, no benchmarking is abortion presented though how the whole furniture branch developed. If the branch had a 20 % rise in business on average, than the 10 % of claims, Furniture Depot is not that outstanding anymore, whereas it could be considered to be good if the rest of the branch was only capable of gaining 5 % more that last year. Similar to the last assumption is the next one. The arguments say nothing about other actions in the business of Furniture Depot like severe price cuts or extension of the product line. All these action could have contributed to abortion Furniture Depots's success in winstanley for dummies the last year. There are some possibilities how the internet company could make its argumentation more reasonable. They could present additional information proving that their work was a major contribution to essays against the business rise, data how the rest of the furniture branch developed and how it would be possible to generate additional benefit for how to other branches too.
As one can see there are some leaps in the argumentation of the internet advertising company, but there are also ways of how those unproven assumptions could be turned into facts that would actually help the company. Combine the essays abortion last two paragraphs into 1. you have correctly identified the argument's errors, but the structure is lacking. To help you, our online essay guide has standard formats for claims these types of essay questions. In sum, you should have an essays against, intro paragraph that deliniates the problems with the analysis of narrative essay about, argument question followed by 2-3 paragraphs with flaws, then a concluding paragraph that sums it up. This would have been a 5. textfield: The argument made by the internet advertising company in its appeal to attract. business is abortion very weak. First of narrative, all, the internet advertising company states that Furniture Depot employed their. advertising company to essays abortion against help.
It does not mention any of the specifics. For example, we do not. know what the internet advertising company accomplished as a result of being employed by. Furniture Depot. Next, assuming that an aggresive internet advertising project had been. successfully implemented, the advertising company is assuming that the increase of the business. was due entirely to them and their advertising project. Nothing is introduction death mentioned about other.
forms of advertisement that Furniture Depot might have used. Abortion! What if Furniture Depot undertook. an aggressive television campaign that was the real cause of the research paper increase in sales. Another. reason for the increase in sales may have been an overall increase in sales of furniture sales. this is a highly effective essay that addresses the main flaws in the argument. Essays! However, for organization's sake, this paragraph is too long.
It could have been broken up into a few points. Nothing is mentioned about paper purdue, other competitors and their advertising strategy. Also, the. internet company does not say anything about why employing them is better than employing any. other internet advertising company. This is a short side point. This paragraph feels stapled on. Finally, the author is drawing a direct correlation between an increase in sales and abortion against, an. increase in profitability. Since profits take into account costs, it is possible that although. sales increase profitability decreased because of the relative costs of advertising.
In summary, the advertising company could have done a much better job in pursuating us to. employ them by providing more information in these areas. 1) The overall advertising strategy of marketing thesis, Furniture Depot before. and after the advertising project. Essays Abortion Against! 2) Some supporting statitics on sales of other furniture. depots competitors and their advertising strategies. 3) Some evidence as to what they have to.
offer that is different from hr director any other internet service company. The old problem of good content and poor organization. The into is too short, the first body paragraph is rambling and too long, second is unnecessary. You should better define the flaws before you start writing and map out essays abortion your essay better beforehand. The good news is that with some organizational help you could do very well on this section. This is probably a 4.5 score essay. If you haven't already, consider reading the write essay guide at. textfield: The cited advertising copy is essays not effective because it fails to provide even the most basic information that would support the stated conclusion. Hr Director! The internet advertising company suggests that its services can increase the target audience's profitability. It presents the Furniture Depot as an essays, example of its ability.
However, the advertisement provides no information that would lead the reader to winstanley a dissertation for dummies uk edition believe: (1) that the internet advertising campaign caused the Furniture Depot to see a 10% increase in sales; (2)the advertisement refers to the profitability of the essays abortion target audience's business, rather than to the sales; and (3) the advertisement refers to he Furniture Depot's businesses in a way that leaves the reader uninformed concerning the corporate structure of these businesses. Alone, any of these these shortcomings would substantially weaken the stregnth of the logic used in the advertisement. Together, these three shortcomings render the quoted copy virtually meaningless. You are going way, way to far. The argument is NOT meaningless, but weak and tenuous with several major assumptions. Ranting wastes the write claims grader's time and annoys them.
This intro is essays against too long and master, tedious. Pat yourself. on the abortion against back, though, for finding the errors . The greatest weakness of the claim presented in the advertisement is that it fails even to essay about my niece suggest that the internet advertising campaign caused an increase in revenue at the Furniture Depot. Essays Abortion! The targeted reader is thus presented with virtually no information that would logically convince him to consider purchasing internet advertising services. A more compelling advertisement would, at a minimum, assert that The Furniture Depot's advertising campaign caused increased revenues.
The advertisement would be even stronger if the claims copywriter included information indicating that other variables remain constant. For example, the advertisement would be more compelling if it stated that Furniture Deport experienced its first profitable quarter in 5 years after retaining the internet marketing firm. Of course, too. much data in advertising copy can interfere with the message. Therefore, even if the advertising firm did not want to include extensive documentation in the ad itself! These last two are unnecessary. Paragraphs are WAY too long. be more concise. Avoid exclamation marks. You have to boil down these arguments to one or two sentences.
lf, the abortion firm should still be prepared to back up its claim with data excluding other causes of increased revenues. Thus, the advertisement should claim credit for the increased sales experienced by Furniture Depot. Second, the central claim presented in the advertising copy is ambiguous. The reader cannot be certain whether the marketing firm claims to increase sales or profitability. Profitiability can be Aeffected by master thesis, dozens of variables, ranging from production costs to abortion against employee compensation to taxes. The advertisement should clearly state that the hr director internet advertising raises sales. Essays Abortion Against! Advertisers should let management worry about profits.
Last. This is the main paragraph. You caught the main assumption about introduction for the penalty essay, sales and profits (many students will miss this one). Again, writing is not concise enough. Finally, the advertisement refers to the Furniture Depot's businesses. This leaves the reader uncertain as to precisely what it is essays that the marketing firm did for the Furniture Depot. Is the Furniture Depot a retail outlet? A large conglomerate? The reader cannot tell.
Introducing this uncertainty adds no benefit to the effectiveness of the ad. Thus, it should be removed. Here you are splitting hairs. The advertisement's three faults severely weaken the advertisers claimed benefit. An effective ad would (1) assert a causal link between the Furniture Depot's advertsing campaign and its increased revenues; (2) make clear that the firm is indeed claiming that it can increase sales revenue, and not profit; and (3) remove the ambiguity concerning the nature of the Furniture Depot's business.
By addressing these three shortcomings, the advertiser can improve the effectiveness of its advertisement. This conclusion is brilliant. Thesis Examples! Short concise and effective. Write your next essay how you wrote that conclusion. Problem here is that you are not concise enough. The paragraphs are too bloated and you are kicking a dead horse. Essays Against! The good news is that you write reasonably well, can identify arguments, and narrative essay about, follow the last paragraph you will do well. Note: if you haven't already, consider getting our online prep guide. textfield: The advertising company makes a claim that its services were the cause of a client's increased profitability. There are two underlying assumptions in this claim.
First, that the essays abortion 10% figure stated as business increase translates directly into increased profitability. Second, if the hr director resume 10% figure indeed correctly represents increased profitability, then the abortion against statement also assumes that there were no other causes for the increase except for the ad firm's services. How To Claims! Therefore, the entire argument is abortion well-reasoned only if the advertising company is using accurate assumptions to make their claim. this last sentence is probably not needed. Wow, made for the e-rater: short concise and effective. To determine the essay about my niece validity of the against claim, one would first have to investigate the 10% figure. Is this figure an increase in sales volume? In revenues?
In gross or net profit? What does the research paper 10% represent and how was it determined? Indeed, it is vague. If it is discovered that the abortion 10% does in fact represent annual increase in net profits, the next point of research paper, investigation would be to determine how these profits were achieved. Did a competitor go out of business, causing an influx of customers? Did the entire industry have a boon that year, raising revenues for essays abortion all furniture retailers across the board?
Or was the increase in profits due to altered business practices at Furniture Depot, such as lowering costs? Furniture Depot could have switched to another supplier with cheaper rates. They could have altered their delivery policies, making their products more appealing to the consumer. There are a multitude of ways in which internal changes could have impacted profits, and these would all have to be analyzed in order to determine cause and effect relationships. This is the key flaw, an increase of sales is not relevant, profits are what is important. This is death another assumption. Sorry, this may do in abortion normal life, but its not the hr director proper AWA essay conclusion.
Sum up your arguments in essays against 2 to 3 sentences. Narrative Essay! Repeat yourself and essays abortion against, restate the main points. This conclusion is empty. organization 4 (bad conclusion blew the 6) First of all,the internet advertising company states that the Furniture Depot's sales increased by 10% over marketing master thesis last year's totals since it employed their advertising service. There is essays no necessary relation between the sales growth and the effect of the advertising. Because the argument doesn't state when the Furniture Depot started to employ the service in this year.
If the service began by narrative my niece, the end of the year, it is very obvious that there should be other reasons to essays abortion against promote the business. If this argument could include the exact time when the advertising service started, it would be more sufficient. On the other hand, even the service started very early of the year, the internet avertising company should not definetly draw a conclusion that the sales growth of the Furniture Depot only relies on the advertising service. How To Claims! If the argument could provide a deatailed analysis of the reasons behind the essays sales growth, its saying about the advertising effect on how to, the sales growth would be more reasonable for the reader. This is against called splitting hairs that is, finding minor points in an argument rather than missing the big picture. the big picture is that a hundred other things could have boosted sales, such as 10% GDP growth, the bankruptcy of a competitor, so correlation does not prove causality. You found the argument's gaping whole (many student's don't). I like this paragraph! Short, effective, well reasoned and you even say how you could improve the argument. Based on the above analysis, we can say that this argument need more evidence to make it more.
logical and reasonable. Too short. Use the conlcusion to rehash. structure: 2 (lousy intro and conclusion) textfield: The claim that using internet services bolstered the company's sales by 10 percent. is not a well reasoned argument for several reasons.
Although sales did increase by 10% over the previous year, there are no other reasons stated. that could also have caused a ten percent sales improvement. Perhaps the company improved. its' product line and created more demand for its' products. Resume! What if the against sales territory.
had expanded by 10%, resulting in thesis a 10% increase in product sales(?) - this certainly has. nothing to do with internet advertising. This is the essays after this therefore because of essay, this fallacy. Abortion! its' should be its read the grammar section in the awa guide!! Furthermore, the reader is marketing master examples not given any information about what the company had prevously used as an advertising medium. Was it TV, radio, print or some combination of the three?
It is possible that judicious application of those mediums might have resulted in a 20% increase in sales! Since we have not been given his information, we can only essays against, guess. Well, the real point here, and what is missing from your critique is the profit vs. revenue. Carrie Winstanley Phd Writing! I know this is the internet age, but businesses are supposed to abortion make profits. The real issue, and a critical flaw in the argument, is how much was spent on internet marketing to marketing increase sales, i.e., what was the return on abortion against, investment in paper terms of profitability.
This. is a major flaw you didn't address sufficiently. Another fallacy in against the argument is that the statment Furniture Depot's success demonstrates how using our internet services can increase your profitability presumes the winstanley a dissertation for dummies assumption that the statment is true without ever having substantiated the statement's truth in first place. I believe this begs the essays against question. . That is not a premise but the conclusion. First knock the premises. This point is awkward. You need a concluding paragraph which restates the faulty premises, their errors and carrie phd writing a dissertation for dummies, how the conlcusion is wrong, and could possibly be improved. Perhaps this argument would be better supported had there been additional facts regarding the company's sales and advertising picture. For example, Without having significantly changed our product line or increased our marketing reach, Furniture Depot experienced a 10% sales increase which we feel is primaily due to our strategic change from print advertising to internet advertising.
In this approach we are shown comparison from one type of against, advertising versus another. Narrative Essay About! The statement also has the ring of a controlled experiment i.e. 'nothing was changed in our business except the manner in which we advertised our products'. Against! This serves to eliminate possibilities that that could challenge the original premise. This should be paragraph 4, not 5. Marketing Master Thesis! This conclusion is too long. content: 4 : ok, missed profitability flaw.
strucutre: 4 mis-order of against, conclusion and paragraph 4. Paragraph 1 is paper purdue too short. grammar style: 4 Style is very good, but numerous embarassing grammar errors, its' should be its' need a little more work here. textfield: The argument is so simplistic and banal as to essays be laughable. Claims! Any high school student of against, moderate intelligence could see the write enormous whole in the logic of argument's claim between the essays abortion services of an introduction for the penalty, internet advertising company and the increased sales of Furniture Depot. Abortion! As stated, the above argument would need to be modified to reflect its tenuousness, or the relationship between advertisng and sales carefully analyzed, before it could be used as proof of the internet advertising company's abilities. I know its a bad argument, the graders know, you know. be GRACEFUL in how you criticize it. Also, when you get fuming you often miss the write claims biggest flaws, as is the essays abortion case here. Your intro should tactfully point out the problems and address them systematically without this huffy-puffy chest beating. Rewriting the argument is simple, but the effect would be to make the expression ineffectual and effete What is effette (you've been studying vocab lists too hard).
Seriously, don't feel the need to use sophomoric words. Accurately stated, the interent advertising company's effect on sales could be summed up in several different ways, none of them flattering. First, the conclusion could be rewritten as, Furniture Depot's success might have been increased by our interent service.. This option is not convincing. Two Second?, if rewritten it might need to narrative about my niece reflect the fact that the advertising company might have actually hurt the sales of essays, Furniture Depot, rather than improved them. What's the bottom line, in simple statistical terms , confounding factors other than the internet company could be at work here.. That could be stated much more concisely. For example, perhaps GDP grew by 10% last year, or the industry's growth could have been 10% per year, or maybe -10%, these factors would be vital in analyzing the impact of the marketing master thesis examples marketing campaign. They are using the after this therefore because ofthis logical fallacy such as Al Gore claiming responsibility for essays abortion against the booming high-tech economy. An appropriate study would need to control for paper the audience and the effects of advertising. If the essays abortion against advertising company showed that it specifically targeted certain marketing clusters, and after viewing advertising, those clusters were more likely to shop at Furntiture Depot, they could claim a more convincing effect on sales.
More specifically, if specific users, after viewing web advertising, shopped at the store, a most convincing argument could be advanced. That's actually extremely creative. Good essay. Also, an appropriate study would need to examine the market as a whole. The analysis would need to compare Furniture Depot's success to the successes of similar companies, with and winstanley phd writing a dissertation uk edition, without internet advertising. Possibly, the growth in sales of Furniture Depot was less than the growth in sales for comparable companies. Furthermore, if Furnture Depot is new, the sales increase could have been from almost nothing to essays abortion significanlt more than nothing, but still not very much. A better test, one that is more reliable, would be to test an increase in resume name recgnition. Essays Abortion! If after internet advertising there was a measurable increase in name recognition, particulary among interent savvy consumers, the relationship between the carrie winstanley a dissertation for dummies advertising company's program and the benefit to Furnture Depot might be more tangible. As such, only the very gullible could find the above argument convincing evidence to purchase the services of the internet advertising company. Very creative again, but this isn't art class, that is, creativity is not what is abortion judged in AWA essays.
What you need is research purdue a tight structure and good arguments. These paragraphs are too long and could be concisely put into essays abortion against, one paragraph other than rambling. Plus, there is no conclusion. The huge giant hole here is for the death essay that you missed flaw 2, which is revenues and profits are entirely different. Perhaps they increased revenues by 10%, but did they increase PROFITS? Maybe the program cost too much.
Be careful, analysis of argument questions often have two flaws that are large. You are obviousl very intelligent, but ETS' underpaid workers would love to dismiss you as ..AAMBA (another-arrogant MBA). The e-rater would be confused. Writing the AWA section takes DISCIPLINE, as does most concise. and persuasive writing. style: 2 (AAMBA, but no serious flaws in grammar, ) content: 2 (creative, verbose, missed the profit flaw) structure:2 (no conclusion)
You need the awa guide, goto 800score.com/essay.html. You should get a 5-6 if you read it and do a few more essays because you are obviously a very good writer but just need to abortion learn to write in the AWA format. Didn't get a 6? Try another practice essay GMAT | GRE. Need to learn more tips on structure and essay writing, read the AWA Guide to get tips on essay writing GMAT | GRE.
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Argumentative Essay Against Abortion | Cram
open source essay This article has been superseded by a major rewrite, “Open Source” misses the point of essays Free Software, which is hr director resume, much better. We keep this version for historical reasons. While free software by any other name would give you the same freedom, it makes a big difference which name we use: different words convey different ideas . In 1998, some of the people in the free software community began using the term “open source software” instead of abortion “free software” to describe what they do. The term “open source” quickly became associated with a different approach, a different philosophy, different values, and essay, even a different criterion for which licenses are acceptable. The Free Software movement and essays abortion, the Open Source movement are today separate movements with different views and goals, although we can and do work together on introduction for the death penalty some practical projects. The fundamental difference between the two movements is in their values, their ways of abortion looking at the world.
For the Open Source movement, the issue of how to write claims whether software should be open source is a practical question, not an ethical one. As one person put it, “Open source is a development methodology; free software is against, a social movement.” For the hr director resume, Open Source movement, non-free software is a suboptimal solution. For the Free Software movement, non-free software is a social problem and free software is the solution. Relationship between the Free Software movement and Open Source movement. The Free Software movement and the Open Source movement are like two political camps within the free software community. Radical groups in the 1960s developed a reputation for factionalism: organizations split because of disagreements on details of strategy, and then treated each other as enemies. Or at least, such is the image people have of them, whether or not it was true.
The relationship between the Free Software movement and the Open Source movement is just the opposite of that picture. Abortion Against? We disagree on the basic principles, but agree more or less on the practical recommendations. So we can and research paper, do work together on many specific projects. We don't think of the abortion, Open Source movement as an enemy. The enemy is proprietary software. We are not against the Open Source movement, but we don't want to be lumped in marketing master thesis examples, with them. We acknowledge that they have contributed to our community, but we created this community, and we want people to know this. We want people to associate our achievements with our values and our philosophy, not with theirs. We want to be heard, not obscured behind a group with different views. To prevent people from thinking we are part of them, we take pains to avoid using the word “open” to essays against describe free software, or its contrary, “closed”, in paper purdue, talking about non-free software.
So please mention the Free Software movement when you talk about the abortion against, work we have done, and write, the software we have developedsuch as the GNU/Linux operating system. This rest of this article compares the two terms “free software” and “open source”. Abortion Against? It shows why the term “open source” does not solve any problems, and in fact creates some. The term “free software” has an ambiguity problem: an unintended meaning, “Software you can get for zero price,” fits the term just as well as the intended meaning, “software which gives the user certain freedoms.” We address this problem by publishing a more precise definition of free software, but this is not a perfect solution; it cannot completely eliminate the problem. An unambiguously correct term would be better, if it didn't have other problems. Unfortunately, all the alternatives in for dummies uk edition, English have problems of their own. We've looked at many alternatives that people have suggested, but none is essays abortion against, so clearly “right” that switching to hr director resume it would be a good idea.
Every proposed replacement for essays “free software” has a similar kind of semantic problem, or worseand this includes “open source software.” The official definition of “open source software,” as published by the Open Source Initiative, is very close to a dissertation our definition of against free software; however, it is write claims, a little looser in some respects, and they have accepted a few licenses that we consider unacceptably restrictive of the users. However, the obvious meaning for essays against the expression “open source software” is “You can look at the source code.” This is a much weaker criterion than free software; it includes free software, but also some proprietary programs, including Xv, and write claims, Qt under its original license (before the QPL). That obvious meaning for “open source” is not the meaning that its advocates intend. The result is that most people misunderstand what those advocates are advocating. Against? Here is how to claims, how writer Neal Stephenson defined “open source”: Linux is essays, “open source” software meaning, simply, that anyone can get copies of its source code files.
I don't think he deliberately sought to death essay reject or dispute the “official” definition. Abortion Against? I think he simply applied the conventions of the English language to come up with a meaning for the term. The state of Kansas published a similar definition: Make use of open-source software (OSS). OSS is introduction essay, software for which the source code is against, freely and publicly available, though the specific licensing agreements vary as to what one is allowed to do with that code. Of course, the open source people have tried to deal with this by publishing a precise definition for for the penalty the term, just as we have done for abortion “free software.” But the explanation for resume “free software” is simplea person who has grasped the idea of “free speech, not free beer” will not get it wrong again. There is essays, no such succinct way to explain the official meaning of “open source” and show clearly why the natural definition is the wrong one. The main argument for carrie for dummies the term “open source software” is against, that “free software” makes some people uneasy. That's true: talking about freedom, about ethical issues, about responsibilities as well as convenience, is asking people to how to write think about things they might rather ignore.
This can trigger discomfort, and some people may reject the idea for that. It does not follow that society would be better off if we stop talking about these things. Years ago, free software developers noticed this discomfort reaction, and abortion against, some started exploring an approach for avoiding it. They figured that by keeping quiet about research paper purdue, ethics and freedom, and talking only about the immediate practical benefits of certain free software, they might be able to “sell” the software more effectively to abortion certain users, especially business. How To Claims? The term “open source” is offered as a way of doing more of abortion against thisa way to be “more acceptable to business.” The views and narrative my niece, values of the Open Source movement stem from this decision. This approach has proved effective, in its own terms. Essays Abortion Against? Today many people are switching to free software for purely practical reasons. That is how to write, good, as far as it goes, but that isn't all we need to abortion against do! Attracting users to free software is not the introduction for the death penalty essay, whole job, just the first step. Sooner or later these users will be invited to switch back to proprietary software for some practical advantage. Countless companies seek to offer such temptation, and why would users decline?
Only if they have learned to value the essays, freedom free software gives them, for carrie phd writing for dummies its own sake. Essays Abortion? It is up to us to spread this ideaand in order to do that, we have to talk about freedom. A certain amount of the “keep quiet” approach to business can be useful for the community, but we must have plenty of marketing thesis freedom talk too. At present, we have plenty of essays against “keep quiet”, but not enough freedom talk. Hr Director? Most people involved with free software say little about freedomusually because they seek to be “more acceptable to essays abortion business.” Software distributors especially show this pattern. Some GNU/Linux operating system distributions add proprietary packages to the basic free system, and they invite users to research consider this an advantage, rather than a step backwards from essays, freedom. We are failing to how to write keep up with the influx of free software users, failing to teach people about freedom and abortion against, our community as fast as they enter it. This is why non-free software (which Qt was when it first became popular), and partially non-free operating system distributions, find such fertile ground. To stop using the introduction for the penalty, word “free” now would be a mistake; we need more, not less, talk about freedom. If those using the term “open source” draw more users into essays our community, that is a contribution, but the rest of us will have to work even harder to bring the issue of freedom to those users' attention.
We have to say, “It's free software and it gives you freedom!”more and master, louder than ever before. The advocates of “open source software” tried to against make it a trademark, saying this would enable them to prevent misuse. This initiative was later dropped, the term being too descriptive to qualify as a trademark; thus, the legal status of “open source” is the same as that of “free software”: there is no legal constraint on using it. I have heard reports of a number of introduction for the death penalty companies' calling software packages “open source” even though they did not fit the official definition; I have observed some instances myself. But would it have made a big difference to use a term that is a trademark?
Not necessarily. Companies also made announcements that give the impression that a program is “open source software” without explicitly saying so. For example, one IBM announcement, about a program that did not fit the official definition, said this: As is common in the open source community, users of the essays abortion, . Essay? technology will also be able to collaborate with IBM . This did not actually say that the program was “open source”, but many readers did not notice that detail. (I should note that IBM was sincerely trying to make this program free software, and later adopted a new license which does make it free software and “open source”; but when that announcement was made, the program did not qualify as either one.) And here is how Cygnus Solutions, which was formed to be a free software company and subsequently branched out abortion (so to about my niece speak) into proprietary software, advertised some proprietary software products: Cygnus Solutions is a leader in essays abortion, the open source market and research, has just launched two products into the [GNU/]Linux marketplace. Unlike IBM, Cygnus was not trying to make these packages free software, and essays against, the packages did not come close to qualifying. How To Claims? But Cygnus didn't actually say that these are “open source software”, they just made use of the term to give careless readers that impression. These observations suggest that a trademark would not have truly prevented the against, confusion that comes with the term “open source”. The Open Source Definition is clear enough, and it is quite clear that the typical non-free program does not qualify. Write? So you would think that “Open Source company” would mean one whose products are free software (or close to it), right?
Alas, many companies are trying to give it a different meaning. At the “Open Source Developers Day” meeting in August 1998, several of the commercial developers invited said they intend to essays abortion against make only a part of their work free software (or “open source”). The focus of their business is on developing proprietary add-ons (software or manuals) to sell to the users of this free software. They ask us to regard this as legitimate, as part of resume our community, because some of the money is donated to free software development. In effect, these companies seek to gain the favorable cachet of abortion against “open source” for their proprietary software productseven though those are not “open source software”because they have some relationship to free software or because the how to write claims, same company also maintains some free software. (One company founder said quite explicitly that they would put, into the free package they support, as little of their work as the abortion against, community would stand for.) Over the years, many companies have contributed to essay about free software development. Some of these companies primarily developed non-free software, but the two activities were separate; thus, we could ignore their non-free products, and work with them on free software projects. Then we could honestly thank them afterward for their free software contributions, without talking about the rest of what they did.
We cannot do the essays abortion, same with these new companies, because they won't let us. How To Claims? These companies actively invite the public to abortion against lump all their activities together; they want us to regard their non-free software as favorably as we would regard a real contribution, although it is not one. They present themselves as “open source companies,” hoping that we will get a warm fuzzy feeling about for dummies, them, and that we will be fuzzy-minded in essays abortion against, applying it. This manipulative practice would be no less harmful if it were done using the term “free software.” But companies do not seem to use the term “free software” that way; perhaps its association with idealism makes it seem unsuitable. The term “open source” opened the door for this.
At a trade show in late 1998, dedicated to the operating system often referred to how to claims as “Linux”, the essays abortion against, featured speaker was an executive from research paper, a prominent software company. He was probably invited on account of his company's decision to “support” that system. Essays? Unfortunately, their form of master thesis “support” consists of releasing non-free software that works with the systemin other words, using our community as a market but not contributing to it. He said, “There is no way we will make our product open source, but perhaps we will make it ‘internal’ open source. If we allow our customer support staff to have access to the source code, they could fix bugs for the customers, and we could provide a better product and better service.” (This is not an exact quote, as I did not write his words down, but it gets the gist.) People in the audience afterward told me, “He just doesn't get the abortion, point.” But is that so? Which point did he not get? He did not miss the point of the Open Source movement. That movement does not say users should have freedom, only that allowing more people to look at the source code and help improve it makes for faster and better development. The executive grasped that point completely; unwilling to carry out phd writing a dissertation uk edition that approach in abortion, full, users included, he was considering implementing it partially, within the company.
The point that he missed is the point that “open source” was designed not to raise: the hr director, point that users deserve freedom. Spreading the idea of freedom is a big jobit needs your help. That's why we stick to against the term “free software” in the GNU Project, so we can help do that job. If you feel that freedom and community are important for their own sakenot just for the convenience they bringplease join us in using the term “free software”. Lakhani and Wolf's paper on the motivation of marketing master free software developers says that a considerable fraction are motivated by the view that software should be free. This was despite the fact that they surveyed the developers on SourceForge, a site that does not support the view that this is an ethical issue. “Our mission is to preserve, protect and abortion against, promote the freedom to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute computer software, and to defend the rights of master Free Software users.” The Free Software Foundation is the principal organizational sponsor of the GNU Operating System. Support GNU and the FSF by buying manuals and gear, joining the FSF as an associate member, or making a donation , either directly to the FSF or via Flattr. Please send general FSF GNU inquiries to [email protected]
There are also other ways to contact the essays abortion, FSF. Broken links and other corrections or suggestions can be sent to [email protected] Please see the Translations README for information on coordinating and submitting translations of this article. Copyright 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2007, 2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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Against Abortion Essay 3 - 537 Words
An Essay On Criticism - Poem by Alexander Pope. Abortion? 'Tis hard to say if greater want of skill. Appear in writing or in hr director resume, judging ill; But of the two less dangerous is th'offence. To tire our patience than mislead our sense: Some few in essays, that, but numbers err in this; Ten censure wrong for one who writes amiss; A fool might once himself alone expose; Now one in verse makes many more in prose. Go just alike, yet each believes his own. In Poets as true Genius is but rare, True Taste as seldom is the Critic's share; Both must alike from Heav'n derive their light, These born to judge, as well as those to write. Let such teach others who themselves excel, And censure freely who have written well; Authors are partial to their wit, 'tis true, But are not Critics to marketing thesis examples their judgment too?
Most have the seeds of judgment in their mind: Nature affords at abortion against least a glimm'ring light; The lines, tho' touch'd but faintly, are drawn right: But as the claims, slightest sketch, if justly traced, Is by ill col'ring but the more disgraced, So by false learning is good sense defaced: Some are bewilder'd in the maze of schools, And some made coxcombs Nature meant but fools: In search of wit these lose their common sense, And then turn Critics in essays, their own defence: Each burns alike, who can or cannot write, Or with a rival's or an eunuch's spite. All fools have still an itching to deride, And fain would be upon the laughing side. If M?vius scribble in Apollo's spite, There are who judge still worse than he can write. Turn'd Critics next, and prov'd plain Fools at last.
Some neither can for Wits nor Critics pass, As heavy mules are neither horse nor ass. Those half-learn'd witlings, numerous in our isle, As half-form'd insects on the banks of Nile; Unfinish'd things, one knows not what to call, Their generation's so equivocal; To tell them would a hundred tongues required, Or one vain Wit's, that might a hundred tire. Claims? And justly bear a Critic's noble name, Be sure yourself and your own reach to against know, How far your Genius, Taste, and winstanley phd writing, Learning go, Launch not beyond your depth, but be discreet, And mark that point where Sense and Dulness meet. And wisely curb'd proud man's pretending wit. Abortion Against? As on carrie uk edition the land while here the ocean gains, In other parts it leaves wide sandy plains; Thus in the soul while Memory prevails, The solid power of Understanding fails; Where beams of warm Imagination play, The Memory's soft figures melt away. One Science only will one genius fit; So vast is Art, so narrow human wit: Now only bounded to essays abortion against peculiar arts, But oft in those confin'd to single parts. Like Kings we lose the conquests gain'd before, By vain ambition still to make them more: Each might his sev'ral province well command, Would all but stoop to what they understand.
By her just standard, which is still the same; Unerring Nature, still divinely bright, One clear, unchanged, and carrie winstanley a dissertation for dummies, universal light, Life, force, and essays against, beauty must to all impart, At once the source, and end, and test of Art. Narrative My Niece? Art from that fund each just supply provides, Works without show, and against, without pomp presides. In some fair body thus th'informing soul. With spirits feeds, with vigour fills the penalty essay, whole; Each motion guides, and every nerve sustains, Itself unseen, but in abortion, th' effects remains. Some, to whom Heav'n in wit has been profuse, Want as much more to carrie phd writing uk edition turn it to its use; For Wit and Judgment often are at strife. Against? Tho' meant each other's aid, like man and wife. My Niece? 'Tis more to guide than spur the Muse's steed, Restrain his fury than provoke his speed: The winged courser, like a gen'rous horse, Shows most true mettel when you check his course. Are Nature still, but Nature methodized; Nature, like Liberty, is against but restrain'd. By the same laws which first herself ordain'd. When to repress and winstanley a dissertation for dummies uk edition, when indulge our flights:
High on Parnassus' top her sons she show'd, And pointed out abortion, those arduous paths they trod; Held from master examples afar, aloft, th'immortal prize, And urged the abortion against, rest by equal steps to rise. Write Claims? Just precepts thus from abortion great examples giv'n, She drew from purdue them what they derived from Heav'n. The gen'rous Critic fann'd the poet's fire, And taught the essays abortion against, world with reason to carrie winstanley phd writing uk edition admire. Then Criticism the Muse's handmaid prov'd, To dress her charms, and make her more belov'd: But following Wits from that intention stray'd: Who could not win the against, mistress woo'd the maid; Against the Poets their own arms they turn'd, Sure to hate most the men from whom they learn'd. So modern 'pothecaries taught the art. By doctors' bills to play the doctor's part, Bold in the practice of mistaken rules, Prescribe, apply, and call their masters fools. Some on the leaves of ancient authors prey; Nor time nor moths e'er spoil'd so much as they; Some drily plain, without invention's aid, Write dull receipts how poems may be made; These leave the sense their learning to display, And those explain the meaning quite away. Hr Director Resume? Know well each ancient's proper character; His fable, subject, scope in essays abortion, every page;
Religion, country, genius of write, his age: Without all these at once before your eyes, Cavil you may, but never criticise. Be Homer's works your study and delight, Read them by day, and meditate by night; Thence form your judgment, thence your maxims bring, And trace the Muses upward to their spring. Still with itself compared, his text peruse; And let your comment be the Mantuan Muse. A work t'outlast immortal Rome design'd, Perhaps he seem'd above the critic's law, And but from Nature's fountains scorn'd to draw; But when t'examine ev'ry part he came, Nature and Homer were, he found, the same. Convinced, amazed, he checks the bold design, And rules as strict his labour'd work confine. As if the Stagyrite o'erlook'd each line. Learn hence for ancient rules a just esteem; To copy Nature is to copy them. For there's a happiness as well as care. Music resembles poetry; in essays abortion, each. My Niece? Are nameless graces which no methods teach, And which a master-hand alone can reach.
If, where the essays against, rules not far enough extend, (Since rules were made but to hr director resume promote their end) Some lucky license answer to the full. Th'intent proposed, that license is a rule. Essays? Thus Pegasus, a nearer way to take, May boldly deviate from the common track. Winstanley Phd Writing A Dissertation Uk Edition? Great Wits sometimes may gloriously offend, And rise to faults true Critics dare not mend; From vulgar bounds with brave disorder part, And snatch a grace beyond the against, reach of Art, Which, without passing thro' the judgment, gains. The heart, and all its end at once attains. In prospects thus some objects please our eyes, Which out of narrative about my niece, Nature's common order rise, The shapeless rock, or hanging precipice.
But tho' the against, ancients thus their rules invade, (As Kings dispense with laws themselves have made) Moderns, beware! or if you must offend. Against the resume, precept, ne'er transgress its end; Let it be seldom, and compell'd by essays, need; And have at least their precedent to plead; The Critic else proceeds without remorse, Seizes your fame, and puts his laws in force. Those freer beauties, ev'n in research, them, seem faults. Essays Against? Some figures monstrous and misshaped appear, Consider'd singly, or beheld too near, Which, but proportion'd to their light or place,
Due distance reconciles to form and grace. A prudent chief not always must display. His powers in for the death essay, equal ranks and fair array, But with th'occasion and essays against, the place comply, Conceal his force, nay, seem sometimes to fly. Those oft are stratagems which errors seem, Nor is it Homer nods, but we that dream. Above the reach of introduction for the death penalty essay, sacrilegious hands, Secure from flames, from Envy's fiercer rage, Destructive war, and all-involving Age. See from each clime the abortion, learn'd their incense bring!
Hear in narrative about, all tongues consenting Paeans ring! In praise so just let ev'ry voice be join'd, And fill the abortion against, gen'ral chorus of mankind. Hail, Bards triumphant! born in marketing, happier days, Immortal heirs of essays, universal praise! Whose honours with increase of ages grow, As streams roll down, enlarging as they flow; Nations unborn your mighty names shall sound, And worlds applaud that must not yet be found! O may some spark of your celestial fire. The last, the meanest of about, your sons inspire, (That on essays weak wings, from far, pursues your flights, Glows while he reads, but trembles as he writes) To teach vain Wits a science little known, T'admire superior sense, and carrie phd writing a dissertation for dummies, doubt their own.
Of all the causes which conspire to blind. Man's erring judgment, and against, misguide the winstanley, mind, What the weak head with strongest bias rules, Is Pride, the essays against, never failing vice of fools. Whatever Nature has in worth denied. She gives in hr director resume, large recruits of needful Pride: For as in bodies, thus in essays abortion against, souls, we find. What wants in blood and spirits swell'd with wind: Pride, where Wit fails, steps in to our deference, And fills up all the mighty void of Sense: If once right Reason drives that cloud away, Truth breaks upon us with resistless day. Trust not yourself; but your defects to know, Make use of master, ev'ry friend--and ev'ry foe. Abortion Against? Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring: There shallow draughts intoxicate the brain, And drinking largely sobers us again. Marketing Master Thesis? Fired at first sight with what the essays abortion, Muse imparts, In fearless youth we tempt the heights of arts, While from the bounded level of our mind. Short views we take, nor see the how to write claims, lengths behind: Bur more advanc'd, behold with strange surprise.
New distant scenes of endliess science rise! So pleas'd at against first the my niece, tow'ring Alps we try, Mount o'er the vales, and essays, seem to write tread the sky; Th'eternal snows appear already past, And the first clouds and mountains seem the last: But those attain'd, we tremble to survey. The growing labours of the lengthen'd way; Th'increasing prospect tires our wand'ring eyes, Hills peep o'er hills, and Alps on Alps arise! With the same spirit that its author writ; Survey the essays abortion, whole, not seek slight faults to find. Where Nature moves, and thesis, Rapture warms the abortion against, mind: Nor lose, for that malignant dull delight, The gen'rous pleasure to be charm'd with wit. But in such lays as neither ebb nor flow, Correctly cold, and regularly low, That shunning faults one quiet tenor keep, We cannot blame indeed--but we may sleep. In Wit, as Nature, what affects our hearts. Is not th'exactness of peculiar parts; 'Tis not a lip or eye we beauty call, But the marketing, joint force and full result of all.
Thus when we view some well proportion'd dome, (The world's just wonder, and ev'n thine, O Rome!) No single parts unequally surprise, All comes united to th'admiring eyes; No monstrous height, or breadth, or length, appear; The whole at once is bold and abortion, regular. Carrie Winstanley? Thinks what n'er was, nor is, nor e'er shall be. In every work regard the writer's end, Since none can compass more than they intend; And if the means be just, the conduct true, Applause, in spite of trivial faults, is due. As men of essays abortion, breeding, sometimes men of wit, T'avoid great errors must the less commit; Neglect the how to write, rules each verbal critic lays, For not to know some trifles is a praise. Most critics, fond of essays against, some subservient art, Still make the whole depend upon hr director, a part: They talk of against, Principles, but Notions prize, And all to research one lov'd folly sacrifice. A certain bard encount'ring on the way, Discours'd in terms as just, with looks as sage, As e'er could Dennis, of the essays, Grecian State; Concluding all were desperate sots and fools.
Who durst depart from purdue Aristotle's rules. Essays? Our author, happy in a judge so nice, Produced his play, and begged the knight's advice; Made him observe the carrie a dissertation, Subject and the Plot, The Manners, Passions, Unities; what not? All which exact to essays abortion against rule were brought about, Were but a combat in the lists left out. Marketing Master Examples? ``What! leave the essays abortion, combat out?'' exclaims the knight. ``Yes, or we must renounce the Stagyrite.'' ``Not so, by how to claims, Heaven!, (he answers in a rage) Knights, squires, and steeds must enter on the stage.'' ``So vast a throng the essays against, stage can n'er contain.'' ``Then build a new, or act it in a plain.'' Curious, not knowing, not exact, but nice, Form short ideas, and offend the Arts. Master? (As most in Manners), by a love to essays abortion parts. And glitt'ring thoughts struck out at every line; Pleas'd with a work where nothing's just or fit, One glaring chaos and wild heap of wit. How To Write? Poets, like painters, thus unskill'd to trace. The naked nature and abortion against, the living grace, With gold and jewels cover every part, And hide with ornaments their want of marketing examples, Art. True Wit is Nature to advantage dress'd, What oft was thought, but ne'er so well express'd; Something whose truth convinced at abortion sight we find, That give us back the image of our mind. As shades more sweetly recommend the light, So modest plainness sets of sprightly wit: For works may have more wit than does them good, As bodies perish thro' excess of blood. Marketing Thesis Examples? And value books, as women men, for essays abortion against, dress: Their praise is still--the Style is excellent; The Sense they humbly take upon content.
Words are like leaves; and where they most abound, Much fruit of sense beneath is rarely found. False eloquence, like the prismatic glass, Its gaudy colours spreads on every place; The face of Nature we no more survey, All glares alike, without distinction gay; But true expression, like th'unchanging sun, Clears and improves whate'er it shines upon; It gilds all objects, but it alters none. Research Paper? Expression is the dress of thought, and still. Essays Abortion Against? Appears more decent as more suitable. A vile Conceit in pompous words express'd. Is like a clown in carrie for dummies, regal purple dress'd: For diff'rent styles with diff'rent subjects sort, As sev'ral garbs with country, town, and court. Some by essays, old words to fame have made pretence, Ancients in phrase, mere moderns in their sense; Such labour'd nothings, in so strange a style, Amaze th'unlearned, and make the learned smile; Unlucky as Fungoso in the play, These sparks with awkward vanity display. Hr Director Resume? What the fine gentleman wore yesterday; And but so mimic ancient wits at best, As apes our grandsires in their doublets drest. Abortion? In words as fashions the how to write, same rule will hold,
Alike fantastic if too new or old: Be not the first by whom the new are tried, Nor yet the last to against lay the old aside. And smooth or rough with them is phd writing for dummies right or wrong. In the abortion against, bright Muse tho' thousand charms conspire, Her voice is all these tuneful fools admire; Who haunt Parnassus but to please their ear, Not mend their minds; as some to church repair, Not for the doctrine, but the music there. These equal syllables alone require, Tho' oft the ear the open vowels tire, While expletives their feeble aid to join, And ten low words oft creep in one dull line: While they ring round the same unvaried chimes, With sure returns of resume, still expected rhymes; Where'er you find ``the cooling western breeze,'' In the essays abortion against, next line, it ``whispers thro' the trees;'' If crystal streams ``with pleasing murmurs creep,'' The reader's threaten'd (not in vain) with ``sleep;'' Then, at the last and only couplet, fraught. With some unmeaning thing they call a thought, A needless Alexandrine ends the song, That, like a wounded snake, drags its slow length along. Leave such to tune their own dull rhymes, and know. Hr Director? What's roundly smooth, or languishingly slow; And praise the abortion against, easy vigour of a line.
Where Denham's strength and Waller's sweetness join. True ease in writing comes from Art, not Chance, As those move easiest who have learn'd to marketing master dance. 'Tis not enough no harshness gives offence; The sound must seem an echo to the sense. Soft is the strain when Zephyr gently blows, And the abortion, smooth stream in smoother numbers flows; But when loud surges lash the essay about my niece, sounding shore, The hoarse rough verse should like the torrent roar. When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to throw, The line, too, labours, and the words move slow: Not so when swift Camilla scours the plain, Flies o'er th' unbending corn, and skims along the main. Hear how Timotheus' varied lays surprise, And bid alternate passions fall and essays against, rise! While at each change the son of resume, Libyan Jove. Now burns with glory, and then melts with love; Now his fierce eyes with sparkling fury glow, Now sighs steal out, and tears begin to abortion flow: Persians and Greeks like turns of nature found, And the world's Victor stood subdued by sound! The power of music all our hearts allow, And what Timotheus was is introduction for the death Dryden now. Who still are pleas'd too little or too much.
At ev'ry trifle scorn to take offence; That always shows great pride or little sense: Those heads, as stomachs, are not sure the best. Which nauseate all, and abortion against, nothing can digest. Yet let not each gay turn thy rapture move; For fools admire, but men of introduction essay, sense approve: As things seem large which we thro' mist descry, Dulness is ever apt to abortion magnify. The ancients only, or the moderns prize. Thus Wit, like Faith, by each man is applied. Resume? To one small sect, and all are damn'd beside. Meanly they seek the blessing to confine, And force that sun but on a part to shine, Which not alone the abortion against, southern wit sublimes, But ripens spirits in cold northern climes; Which from the first has shone on ages past,
Enligths the present, and shall warm the last; Tho' each may feel increases and decays, And see now clearer and now darker days, Regard not then if wit be old or new, But blame the False and value still the True. But catch the spreading notion of the town; They reason and conclude by precedent, And own stale nonsense which they ne'er invent. Some judge of authors' names, not works, and then. Research? Nor praise nor blame the writings, but the men. Abortion Against? Of all this servile herd, the worst is he. That in proud dulness joins with quality; A constant critic at the great man's board, To fetch and carry nonsense for marketing examples, my lord. What woful stuff this madrigal would be. In some starv'd hackney sonneteer or me! But let a lord once own the happy lines, How the Wit brightens! how the Style refines!
Before his sacred name flies every fault, And each exalted stanza teems with thought! As oft the learn'd by being singular; So much they scorn the essays abortion, crowd, that if the thesis examples, throng. By chance go right, they purposely go wrong. So schismatics the plain believers quit, And are but damn'd for having too much wit. Essays Abortion? Some praise at morning what they blame at night, But always think the last opinion right. A Muse by these is like a mistress used, This hour she's idolized, the next abused; While their weak heads, like towns unfortified, 'Twixt sense and nonsense daily change their side. Ask them the research paper, cause; they're wiser still they say; And still to-morrow's wiser than to-day. We think our fathers fools, so wise we grow; Our wiser sons no doubt will think us so.
Once shool-divines this zealous isle o'erspread; Who knew most sentences was deepest read. Faith, Gospel, all seem'd made to be disputed, And none has sense enough to be confuted. Scotists and essays abortion, Thomists now in how to, peace remain. Amidst their kindred cobwebs in Ducklane. Essays Against? If Faith itself has diff'rent dresses worn, What wonder modes in Wit should take their turn? Oft, leaving what is natural and fit, The current Folly proves the ready Wit; And authors think their reputation safe, Which lives as long as fools are pleas'd to laugh. Still make themselves the measure of mankind:
Fondly we think we honour merit then, When we but praise ourselves in other men. How To Claims? Parties in wit attend on essays abortion those of introduction death essay, state, And public faction doubles private hate. Pride, Malice, Folly, against Dryden rose, In various shapes of parsons, critics, beaux: But sense survived when merry jests were past; For rising merit will bouy up at last. Might he return and bless once more our eyes, New Blackmores and new Milbournes must arise. Nay, should great Homer lift his awful head, Zoilus again would start up from the dead. Essays Against? Envy will Merit as its shade pursue, But like a shadow proves the substance true; For envied Wit, like Sol eclips'd, makes known.
Th'opposing body's grossness, not its own. Thesis? When first that sun too powerful beams displays, It draws up vapours which obscure its rays; But ev'n those clouds at last adorn its way, Reflect new glories, and abortion against, augment the day. His praise is lost who stays till all commend. Short is the date, alas! of modern rhymes, And 'tis but just to let them live betimes. No longer now that Golden Age appears, When partiarch wits survived a thousand years: Now length of fame (our second life) is lost, And bare threescore is research purdue all ev'n that can boast: Our sons their fathers' failing language see, And such as Chaucer is abortion against shall Dryden be.
So when the faithful pencil has design'd. Some bright idea of the master's mind, Where a new world leaps out at his command, And ready Nature waits upon his hand; When the ripe colours soften and unite, And sweetly melt into narrative about my niece, just shade and against, light; When mellowing years their full perfection give, And each bold figure just begins to live, The treach'rous colours the fair art betray, And all the bright creations fades away! Atones not for that envy which it brings: In youth alone its empty praise we boast, But soon the sort-lived vanity is hr director resume lost; Like some fair flower the early Spring supplies, That gaily blooms, but ev'n in blooming dies. Abortion? What is hr director resume this Wit, which must our cares employ? The owner's wife that other men enjoy; Then most our trouble still when most admired, And still the more we give, the essays abortion against, more required; Whose fame with pains we guard, but lose with ease, Sure some to vex, but never all to please, 'Tis what the vicious fear, the virtuous shun; By fools 'tis hated, and by knaves undone! Ah, let not Learning too commence its foe!
Of old those met rewards who could excel, And such were prais'd who but endevour'd well; Tho' triumphs were to gen'rals only due, Crowns were reserv'd to narrative about my niece grace the soldiers too. Now they who reach Parnassus' lofty crown. Employ their pains to against spurn some others down; And while self-love each jealous writer rules, Contending wits become the winstanley phd writing a dissertation, sport of fools; But still the worst with most regret commend, For each ill author is as bad a friend. To what base ends, and by what abject ways, Are mortals urged thro' sacred lust of praise! Ah, ne'er so dire a thirst of essays abortion, glory boast, Nor in the critic let the man be lost! Good nature and essay, good sense must ever join; To err is essays abortion against human, to forgive divine.
Not yet purged off, of research purdue, spleen and sour disdain, Discharge that rage on more provoking crimes, Nor fear a dearth on these flagitious times. No pardon vile obscenity should find, Tho' Wit and Art conspire to move your mind; But dulness with obscenity must prove. As shameful sure as impotence in essays abortion against, love. In the fat age of pleasure, wealth, and ease.
Sprung the rank weed, and thrived with large increase: When love was all in easy monarch's care, Seldom at narrative my niece council, never in a war; Jilts ruled the state, and statesmen farces writ; Nay wits had pensions, and young lords had wit; The Fair sat panting at essays a courtier's play, And not a mask went unimprov'd away; The modest fan was lifted up no more, And virgins smil'd at what they blush'd before. The following license of a foreign reign. Did all the dregs of bold Socinus drain; Then unbelieving priests reform'd the nation, And taught more pleasant methods of salvation; Where Heav'n's free subjects might their rights dispute, Lest God himself should seem too absolute; Pulpits their sacred satire learn'd to spare, And vice admired to find a flatt'rer there! Encouraged thus, Wit's Titans braved the skies, And the press groan'd with licens'd blasphemies. These monsters, Critics! with your darts engage, Here point your thunder, and exhaust your rage!
Yet shun their fault, who, scandalously nice, Will needs mistake an author into vice: All seems infected that th'infected spy, As all looks yellow to hr director the jaundic'd eye. Essays Against? Learn then what morals Critics ought to penalty show, For 'tis but half a judge's task to essays abortion know. Hr Director? T'is not enough Taste, Judgment, Learning join; In all you speak let Truth and Candour shine; That not alone what to your Sense is due. Essays? All may allow, but seek your friendship too. And speak, tho' sure, with seeming diffidence.
Some positive persisting fops we know, Who if once wrong will needs be always so; But you with pleasure own your errors past, And make each day a critique on the last. Research? Blunt truths more mischief than nice falsehoods do. Men must be taught as if you taught them not, And things unknown proposed as things forgot. Without good breeding truth is disapprov'd; That only makes superior Sense belov'd. For the worst avarice is against that of Sense. With mean complacence ne'er betray your trust, Nor be so civil as to prove unjust. Fear not the anger of the wise to research paper raise; Those best can bear reproof who merit praise. But Appius reddens at each word you speak, And stares tremendous, with a threat'ning eye, Like some fierce tyrant in essays abortion, old tapestry.
Fear most to tax an honourable fool, Whose right it is, uncensured to how to write be dull: Such without Wit, are poets when they please, As without Learning they can take degrees. Essays Against? Leave dangerous truths to unsuccessful satires, And flattery to fulsome dedicators; Whom when the narrative about, praise, the world believes no more. Than when they promise to give scribbling o'er. 'Tis best sometimes your censure to restrain, And charitably let the dull be vain; Your silence there is better than your spite, For who can rail so long as they can write? Still humming on their drowsy course they keep, And lash'd so long, like tops, are lash'd asleep. False steps but help them to essays abortion against renew the race, As, after stumbling, jades will mend their pace. How To Write? What crowds of essays against, these, impenitently bold, In sounds and jingling syllables grown old, Still run on research paper purdue poets, in a raging vein, Ev'n to the the essays abortion, dregs and how to, squeezings of the brain, Strain out the abortion, last dull droppings of their sense, And rhyme with all the rage of impotence!
There are as mad abandon'd critics too. The bookful blockhead ignorantly read, With loads of learned lumber in how to write, his head, With his own tongue still edifies his ears, And always list'ning to himself appears. All books he reads, and abortion against, all he reads assails, From Dryden's Fables down to Durfey's Tales. With him most authors steal their works, or buy; Garth did not write his own Dispensary. Master Thesis Examples? Name a new play, and he's the poet's friend; Nay, show'd his faults--but when would poets mend? No place so sacred from such fops is barr'd,
Nor is Paul's church more safe than Paul's churchyard: Nay, fly to altars; there they'll talk you dead; For fools rush in where angels fear t tread. Distrustful sense with modest caution speaks, It still looks home, and essays abortion, short excursions makes; But rattling nonsense in hr director resume, full volleys breaks. And never shock'd, and never turn'd aside, Bursts out, resistless, with a thund'ring tide. Still pleas'd to essays teach, and yet not proud to know? Unbiass'd or by favour or by spite; Not dully prepossess'd nor blindly right; Tho' learn'd, well bred, and tho' well bred sincere;
Modestly bold, and humanly severe; Who to narrative essay about a friend his faults can freely show, And gladly praise the merit of a foe; Bless'd with a taste exact, yet unconfin'd, A knowledge both of books and humankind; Gen'rous converse; a soul exempt from pride; And love to praise, with reason on essays abortion against his side? Such once were critics; such the happy few. Athens and Rome in better ages knew. The mighty Stagyrite first left the shore, Spread all his sails, and durst the deeps explore; He steer'd securely, and a dissertation for dummies, discover'd far, Led by essays abortion, the light of the resume, Maeonian star. Poets, a race long unconfin'd and free, Still fond and proud of savage liberty, Receiv'd his laws, and essays abortion against, stood convinc'd 'twas fit. Who conquer'd Nature should preside o'er Wit.
And without method talks us into introduction penalty, sense; Will, like a friend, familiarly convey. The truest notions in the easiest way. He who, supreme in judgment as in wit, Might boldly censure as he boldly writ, Yet judg'd with coolness, though he sung with fire; His precepts teach but what his works inspire. Our critics take a contrary extreme, They judge with fury, but they write with phlegm; Nor suffers Horace more in essays against, wrong translations. By Wits, than Critics in as wrong quotations.
See Dionysius Homer's thoughts refine, And call new beauties forth from ev'ry line! Fancy and art in write, gay Petronius please, The Scholar's learning with the courtier's ease. The justest rules and clearest method join'd. Thus useful arms in essays abortion, magazines we place, All ranged in order, and disposed with grace; But less to about my niece please the eye than arm the abortion, hand, Still fit for use, and ready at command. And bless their critic with a poet's fire: An ardent judge, who, zealous in his trust, With warmth gives sentence, yet is always just; Whose own example strengthens all his laws, And is himself that great sublime he draws. License repress'd, and useful laws ordain'd: Learning and Rome alike in empire grew, And arts still follow'd where her eagles flew; From the same foes at last both felt their doom, And the same age saw learning fall and Rome.
With tyranny then superstition join'd, As that the body, this enslaved the mind; Much was believ'd, but little understood, And to be dull was construed to be good; A second deluge learning thus o'errun, And the monks finish'd what the winstanley for dummies uk edition, Goths begun. (The glory of the priesthood and the shame!) Stemm'd the wild torrent of against, a barb'rous age, And drove those holy Vandals off the death penalty essay, stage. Starts from her trance, and trims her wither'd bays. Rome's ancient genius, o'er its ruins spread, Shakes off the dust, and essays abortion against, rears his rev'rend head. Then sculpture and her sister arts revive; Stones leap'd to form, and resume, rocks began to abortion live; With sweeter notes each rising temple rung; A Raphael painted and a Vida sung; Immortal Vida! on whose honour'd brow. The poet's bays and critics ivy grow:
Cremona now shall ever boast they name, As next in place to Mantua, next in fame! Their ancient bounds the banish'd Muses pass'd; Thence arts o'er all the how to claims, northern world advance, But critic learning flourish'd most in France; The rules a nation born to serve obeys, And Boileau still in right of Horace sways. But we, brave Britons, foreign laws despised, And kept unconquer'd and uncivilized; Fierce for against, the liberties of write claims, wit, and essays, bold, We still defied the Romans, as of old. Yet some there were, among the death essay, sounder few. Of those who less presumed and better knew, Who durst assert the juster ancient cause, And here restor'd WIt's fundamental laws. Such was the essays against, Muse whose rules and for the death penalty, practice tell. ``Nature's chief masterpiece is writing well.'' Such was Roscommon, not more learn'd than good, With manners gen'rous as his noble blood; To him the wit of Greece and abortion, Rome was known, And every author's merit but his own. Narrative Essay About? Such late was Walsh--the Muse's judge and friend, Who justly knew to blame or to commend; To failings mild but zealous for essays, desert, The clearest head, and the sincerest heart.
This humble praise, lamented Shade! receive; This praise at least a grateful Muse may give: The Muse whose early voice you taught to research paper purdue sing, Prescribed her heights, and pruned her tender wing, (Her guide now lost), no more attempts to essays abortion against rise, But in low numbers short excursions tries; Content if hence th'unlearn'd their wants may view, The learn'd reflect on what before they knew; Careless of censure, nor too fond of fame; Still pleas'd to marketing thesis examples praise, yet not afraid to essays against blame; Averse alike to flatter or offend; Not free from faults, nor yet too vain to mend. Comments about carrie An Essay On Criticism by Alexander Pope. Dear Poem hunter, Pope was far ahead of essays, his peers. He rightly summarised the role of literary critics. It is sad to reckon that many self professed ''experts'' pretend to be experts, as a result, budding poets find themselves at odd. Literary criticism is not a play thing! In a nutshell, they must be made to narrative essay my niece read Alaxander pope and his remarkable work, before they can sermonise on poetic expressions! Read this poem in other languages.
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Essay on Marriage: Meaning, Functions and Forms. Here is your essay on marriage, it’s meaning, functions and forms! Marriage and essays abortion against, family sociologically signifies the stage of hr director resume, greater social advancement. It is indicative of abortion, man’s entry into marketing the world of emotion and feeling, harmony and culture. Long before the institution of marriage developed, man and essays against, woman may have lived together, procreated children and for dummies uk edition, died unwept and unsung. Their sexual relations must have been like birds and animals of momentary duration. Image Courtesy : 2.bp.blogspot.com/–Zyo4IJENYk/TtuIdHcjm-I/AAAAAAAACwQ/Rg89UBiMU0A/s1600/lklk.jpg. Marriage as an institution developed over the time. It may have been accepted as a measure of social discipline and as an expedient to essays abortion against, eliminate social stress due to the sex rivalry. The growing sense and sensibility may have necessitated the acceptance of norms for formalising the union between man and woman.
Marriage is the most important institution of human society. It is a universal phenomenon. It has been the backbone of hr director resume, human civilisation. Human beings have certain urges like hungers, thirst and sex. Society works out certain rules and regulation for satisfaction of these urges. The rules and regulations, which deal with regulation of sex life of abortion against, human beings, are dealt in uk edition, the marriage institution.
We can say that the against Marriage is as old as the institution of family. Research Paper Purdue. Both these institutions are vital for the society. Family depends upon the Marriage. Marriage regulates sex life of abortion, human beings. Marriage creates new social relationships and reciprocal rights between the spouses. Write. It establishes the rights and the status of the children when they are born. Each society recognises certain procedures for creating such relationship and rights. The society prescribes rules for prohibitions, preferences and prescriptions in deciding marriage. It is this institution through which a man sustains the abortion against continuity of his race and attains satisfaction in a socially recognised manner.
Sociologists and anthropologists have given definitions of carrie a dissertation uk edition, marriage. Some of the important definitions are given below. Edward Westermark. “Marriage is a relation of one or more men to one or more women which is recognised by custom or law and involves certain rights and duties both in the case of the parties entering the union and in the case of the children born of it. As B. Malinowski defines, “Marriage is abortion against, a contract for the production and maintenance of children”. According H.M.
Johnson, “Marriage is a stable relationship in which a man and a woman are socially permitted without loss of standing in community, to have children”. Ira L. Reiss writes, “Marriage is a socially accepted union of individuals in husband and wife roles, with the key function of legitimating of parenthood”. William Stephens, the anthropologist, says that marriage is: (1) A socially legitimate sexual union begun with. (2) A public announcement, undertaken with. (3) Some idea of performance and assumed with a more or less explicit. (4) Marriage contract, which spells out reciprocal obligations between spouses and between spouses and their children. William J. Goode, the famous family sociologist has tried to combine the two objectives of marriage i.e. to regulate sex life and to recognize the newborn. It was perhaps for this reason that American sociologists came out with the statement that no child should be born without a father.
Although different thinkers have tried to provide definition of marriage, but there is no universally acceptable definition of marriage. There seems to be, however, a consensus that marriage involves several criteria that are found to exist cross-culturally and throughout time. For example, Hindu marriage has three main objectives such as Dharma, Progeny and Sexual Pleasure. Individual happiness has been given the least importance. It is considered to be sacrament, a spiritual union between a man and a woman in the social status of husband and hr director resume, wife. In Western countries, marriage is a contract. Personal happiness is given the utmost importance. People enter into matrimonial alliances for the sake of seeking personal happiness. If this happiness is-not forthcoming they will terminate the relationship.
Marriage is thus cultural specific. The rules and regulations differ from essays against, one culture to another. We can, however, identify certain basic features of this institution. (1) A heterosexual union, including at least one male and hr director, one female. (2) The legitimizing or granting of approval to the sexual relationship and the bearing of essays, children without any loss of standing in the community or society. (3) A public affair rather than a private, personal matter. (4) A highly institutionalized and patterned mating arrangement. (5) Rules which determine who can marry whom. (6) New statuses to man and woman in the shape of hr director, husband and wife and father and mother. (7) Development of personal intimate and against, affectionate relationships between the spouses and parent and children. (8) A binding relationship that assumes some performance.
The above discussion helps us to conclude that the write claims boundaries of marriage are not always precise and clearly defined. It is, however, very important institution for the society as it helps in replacement of old and dying population. Marriage is an institutionalized relationship within the family system. Abortion. It fulfills many functions attributed to the family in general. Family functions include basic personality formation, status ascriptions, socialization, tension management, and master, replacement of members, economic cooperation, reproduction, stabilization of adults, and the like. Many of these functions, while not requiring marriage for their fulfillment, are enhanced by the marital system”. In fact, evidence suggests marriage to be of great significance for essays abortion against, the well-being of the narrative essay about my niece individual. Researchers have shown that compared to the unmarried, married persons are generally happier, healthier, less depressed and disturbed and abortion, less prone to premature deaths. Marriage, rather than becoming less important or unimportant, may be increasingly indispensable. The functions of marriage differ as the structure of marriage differs. ‘For example, where marriage is specially an extension of the kin and extended family system, then procreation, passing on the family name and hr director resume, continuation of property become a basic function.
Thus, to not have a child or more specifically, to not have a male child, is sufficient reason to replace the present wife or add a new wife. Where marriage is essays abortion against, based on “free choice,” i.e. parents and kinsmen play no role in selecting the partner, individualistic forces are accorded greater significance. Thus in the United States, marriage has many functions and involves many positive as well as negative personal factors : establishment of a family of one’s own, children, companionship, happiness, love, economic security, elimination of loneliness etc. The greater the extent to which the perceived needs of marriage are met, and the fewer the alternatives in the replacement of the unmet needs, the greater the likelihood of marriage and for the death essay, the continuation of that marriage. At a personal level, any perceived reason may explain marriage, but at a social level, all societies sanction certain reasons and renounce others. Societies evolved mannerism and essays, method for selection of the spouses, according to their peculiar socio-economic and political conditions, and in accordance with their levels of cultural advancement. This explains on the one hand the origin of the various forms, of marriage and on the other the differences in the attitude of societies towards the institution of marriage. Some have accepted it as purely a contractual arrangement between weds, while others hold it as the sacred union between man, and woman. Forms of marriage vary from society to purdue, society.
Marriage can be broadly divided into two types, (1) monogamy and (2) polygamy. Monogamy is that form of marriage in which at a given period of essays abortion against, time one man has marital relations with one woman. On the death of the spouse or one of the partners seek divorce then they can establish such relationship with other persons but at a given period of how to claims, time, one cannot have two or more wives or two or more husbands. This one to one relationship is the abortion against most modern civilized way of living. Purdue. In most of the against societies it is this form, which is found and resume, recognized. It should be noted that on a societal basis, only about 20 per cent of the essays against societies are designated as strictly monogamous, that is, monogamy is the marketing thesis examples required form. When monogamy does not achieve stability, certain married persons end their relationship and abortion, remarry. Thus, the second spouse, although not existing simultaneously with the first, is sometimes referred to carrie phd writing, as fitting into a pattern of sequential monogamy, serial monogamy or remarriage.
Keeping in view the advantages of monogamy the world has granted recognition to monogamous form of abortion against, marriage. Hr Director. The following are its advantages: 1. Essays. Better Adjustment: In this form of marriage men and women have to essay about, adjust with one partner only. In this way there is abortion, better adjustment between them.
2. Greater Intimacy: If the number of people in the family will be limited there will be more love and affection in the family. Because of which they will have friendly and deep relations. 3. Better Socialization of Children: In the master thesis monogamy the children are looked after with earnest attention of parents. The development of modes of children will be done nicely. There will be no jealously between the parents for looking after their children.
Family happiness is maintained under monogamy which is completely destroyed in other forms of marriage because of jealousy and other reasons. Thus, in essays abortion against, this form of marriage, family is penalty essay, defined as happy family. 5. Equal Status to Woman: In this form of marriage the status of woman in family is equal. If husband works she looks after the house or both of essays abortion against, them work for strengthening the economic condition of the family. 6. Equalitarian way of Living: It is only under monogamous way of living that husband and wife can have equalitarian way of life.
Under this system husband and wife not only share the familial role and obligations but also have joint decisions. The decision making process becomes a joint venture. 7. Population Control: Some sociologists have the view that monogamy controls the population. Because of one wife children in the family will be limited.
8. Better Standard of Living: It also affects the standard of living within limited resources. One can manage easily to live a better life. It helps in the development of independent personality without much constraint and pressure. 9. Respect to old Parents: Old parents receive favouring care by their children but under polygamy their days are full of bitterness. 10.
Law is in favour: Monogamy is legally sanctioned form of marriage while some are legally prohibited. 11. More Cooperation: In such a family there is close union between the couple and the chances of conflict are reduced and there is cooperation between husband and wife. It is carrie winstanley for dummies uk edition, more stable form of marriage. There is better division of property after the death of parents. Monogamy is a marriage between one husband and one wife. So if the partner is not of choice then life loses its charm. They have to adjust between themselves but now-a-days divorce is the abortion answer to their problem. According to Sumner and Keller, “Monogamy is monopoly.” Wherever there is about my niece, monopoly, there is bound to be both ‘ins and outs’.
Some inpatients can’t have kids or some barren cannot have kids. If one of the partners has some problem couples cannot have children. They have to suffer from childlessness. 4. Economic Factors: Marriage in essays abortion, monogamy does not play part of essay, income. They have to depend upon their own occupation for living.
If they are poor they will remain poor. So monogamy effects the economic condition of man and woman. 5. Better status to Women: Monogamy provides better status to women in the society. They are counted equal to men. Some people do not like this form of marriage. When they do not get partner of their own choice they start sexual relations with other people. Essays Abortion. This also leads to the problem of prostitution. Distinguished from monogamy is research, polygamy.
Polygamy refer to the marriage of several or many. Polygamy is the form of marriage in which one man marries two or more women or one woman marries two or more men or a number of men many a number of women. According to F.N. Balasara, “The forms of marriage in which there is essays, plurality of how to write claims, partners is abortion against, called polygamy”. Polygamy, like other forms of marriage is highly regulated and normatively controlled. It is likely to introduction for the death essay, be supported by the attitudes and abortion against, values of both the sexes. Polygamy itself has many forms and variations. Polygamy is of three types: (i) Polygyny, (ii) Polyandry and (iii) Group marriage.
Let us now discuss forms of polygamy in details, Polygyny is a form of marriage in which a man has more than one .wife at a time. In other words it is a form of marriage in which one man marries more than one woman at a given time. It is the prevalent form of marriage among the tribes, Polygyny also appears to carrie winstanley uk edition, be the privilege of the wealthy, in many African societies the against rich usually have more than one wife. This type of marriage is found in Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya and Uganda. My Niece. In India, polygyny persisted from the Vedic times until Hindu Marriage Act, 1955.
Now polygyny is visible among many tribes of India. Viewing polygyny cross-culturally, poiygynous families evidence specific organisational features: 1. In certain matters, sex particularly, co-wives have clearly defined equal rights. 2. Each wife is abortion against, set up in a separate establishment. 3. The senior wife is marketing master thesis examples, given special powers and privileges. It has been suggested that if co-wives are sisters, they usually live in the same house; if co-wives are not sister, they usually live in separate houses. It is believed that sibling can better tolerate, suppress and live with a situation of sexual rivalry than can non-siblings. Polygyny may be of two types: (i) Sororal polygyny and essays, (ii) Non-soraral polygyny. Sororal polygyny is one in hr director resume, which all the wives are sisters. Non-sororal polygyny means the marriage of essays abortion against, one man with many women who are not sisters. 1. Disproportion of sexes in the Population:
When in any tribe or society male members are less in introduction death penalty essay, number and females are more, then this type of marriage takes place. 2. Out-migration of male Population: To earn the livelihood male members migrate from one society to another. This way there is a decrease in the number of males than females and polygyny takes place. Hypergamy also gives rise to polygyny. Under this system the parents of lower castes or classes want to improve their social status by marrying their daughters in the higher caste or classes.
4. Desire for male Child: Among the primitive people importance was given to essays, make children than females. Thus man was free to have as many marriages as he liked on the ground to get male children. In some societies number of wives represented greater authority and status. Particularly the leaders of primitive society increased number of wives in order to prove their superiority. A single marriage was considered a sign of poverty. So where marriage is taken as sign of hr director, prestige and prosperity the custom of polygyny is abortion, natural.
6. Economic Reason: Where the people of the poor families were unable to how to claims, find suitable husbands for their daughters they started marrying their daughters to rich married males. 7. Variety of essays abortion, Sex Relation: The desire for variety of sex relations is another cause of polygyny. The sexual instincts become dull by hr director resume, more familiarity. It is stimulated by novelty. 8. Enforced Celibacy: In uncivilized tribes men did not approach the women during the period of pregnancy and while she was feeding the child.
Thus long period of abortion, enforced celibacy gave birth to second marriage. In uncivilized society more children were needed for agriculture, war and status recognition. Moreover, in some tribes the birth rate was low and death rate was high. In such tribes polygyny was followed to obtain more children. 10. Absence of resume, children: According to Manu, if wife is unable to have children, man is permitted to have more marriages. He further says if a wife takes her husband then he should live with her one year and take another wife. 11. Religious Reasons:
Polygyny was permitted in the past if wife was incapable of forming religious duties in her periodic sickness because religion was given significant place in social life. 12. Patriarchal Society: Polygyny is found only in the patriarchal society where more importance is given to males and male member is the head of the family. (1) Better status of children: In polygyny children enjoy better status.
They are looked after well because there are many women in the family to care. (2) Rapid growth of Population: In those societies where population is abortion against, very less and birth rate is almost zero, for those societies polygyny is best suited, as it increases the population at faster rate. (3) Importance of Males: In polygyny males occupy higher status. Essay. More importance is given to husband by several wives. (4) Division of Work: In polygyny there are several wives. Therefore, there is essays, a proper division of marketing thesis, work at home.
(5) Variety of essays, Sex Relations: Instead of going for resume, extra marital relations husband stays at home because his desire for variety of sex relations is fulfilled within polygyny. (6) Continuity of against, Family: Polygyny came into existence mainly because of inability of research, a wife to produce children. Polygyny provides continuity to the family tree. Abortion. In absence of one wife other women in the family produce children. 1. Lower status of Women:
In this form of resume, marriage women have very low status; they are regarded as an object of pleasure for their husbands. They generally do not have a right to take decisions about their welfare; they have to depend upon their husband for fulfillment of essays abortion, their basic needs. 2. Jealousy as stated by Shakespeare: “Woman thy name is jealousy”. When several wives have to share one husband, there is bound to be jealousy among co-wives. Jealousy leads to inefficiency in their work. They are not able to socialize their children in a proper manner in such atmosphere. 3. Introduction For The Essay. Low Economic Status:
Polygyny increases economic burden on the family because in many cases only husband is the bread winner and whole of the family is dependent on him. 4. Population Growth: This type of against, marriage is harmful for developing society and poor nations because they have limited resources Further increase in for the death penalty, population deteriorates progress and development of that society. 5. Fragmentation of abortion, Property: In polygyny all the children born from different wives have share in father’s property. Research. Jealousy among mothers leads to property conflicts among children as a result property is divided and income per capita decreases. 6. Uncongenial Atmosphere: Polygyny does not promise congenial atmosphere for essays abortion against, the proper growth and development of children. Research Paper. There is lack of affection among the members. As such families have large number of members. They fail to provide proper attention to all of them.
This gives rise to many immoral practices in the society. It is a form of marriage in which one woman has more than one husband at abortion, a given time. Introduction Penalty Essay. According to K.M. Kapadia, Polyandry is a form of essays abortion, union in which a woman has more than one husband at a time or in which brothers share a wife or wives in common. This type marriage is prevalent in few places such as tribes of Malaya and some tribes of for the, India like Toda, Khasi and Kota etc. Polyandry is of two types: (i) Fraternal Polyandry and. (ii) Non-Fratemai Polyandry. (i) Fraternal Polyandry:
In this form of polyandry one wife is regarded as the against wife of all brothers. All the brothers in a family share the same woman as their wife. The children are treated as the offspring of the eldest brother, it is found in some Indian tribes like Toda and for the essay, Khasis. This type of marriage was popular in essays, Ceylon (Srilanka at present). (ii) Non-Fraternal Polyandry: In this type of polyandry one woman has more than one husband who is not brothers. They belong to different families. The wife cohabits with husbands in marketing examples, turn. In case of Fraternal Polyandry, the wife lives in the family of her husbands, while in case of non-fraternal polyandry, the essays against wife continues to hr director resume, stay in the family of her mother. This type of polyandry is found among Nayars of Kerala. 1. Lesser number of Women:
According to essays against, Westermark, when the number of women is how to, lesser than the number of males in a society, polyandry is found. For example, among Todas of Nilgiri. But according to Brifficult, polyandry can exist even when the number of women is not lesser e.g. in Tibet, Sikkim and Laddakh polyandry is found even though there is not much disparity in the number of men and women. In some tribal societies female infanticide is present; as a result these female population is less than male population. Further males do not enjoy good status. Therefore, one female is married to a group of brothers and polyandry exists. 3. Matrilineal System: Just in contrast to above noted point, it has also been argued that polyandry exists in essays abortion, matrilineal system where one woman can have relationship with more than one man and the children instead of getting the name of father are known by mother’s name. Polyandry exists in such areas where there is scarcity of natural resources.
It is for this reason many men support one woman and her children. In societies where there is bridge price, polyandry exists. Brothers pay for one bride who becomes wife of all of them. 6. Division of Property: To check the division of ancestral property polyandry is my niece, favoured. When all the brothers have one wife then the question of division of property does not arise. 7. Production and labour: Polyandry not only avoids division of property but it also increases production in agriculture.
All the brothers work together because they have to support only one family. Thus production and income increases, further there is no expenditure with regard to labour because all the husbands contribute their share of work. Polyandry exists in some societies mainly because of essays, customs and traditions of that particular society. Generally, polyandry is found in such areas which are situated far away from modern developed areas. (1) Checks Population Growth: It checks population growth because all the male members of the family share one wife. As a result population does not increase at that rapid rate, the way in how to write claims, which it occurs in polygyny Therefore, it limits the size of the family. (2) Economic Standard: Polyandry helps to unhold the essays abortion against economic standard of the family. It strengthens the economic position of the family because all the members work for paper purdue, the improvement of the family. (3) Greater Security:
With large number of males working after the family affairs, other members of the family especially women and children feel quite secure. Greater security among the members develop sense of we-feeling among the members of the family. (4) Property is essays, kept Intact: In polyandry family does not get divided. The property of the family is held jointly and thus it is kept intact. (5) Status of Women: In polyandry one woman is wife of large number of husbands. As a result she gets attention of all the members and thus enjoys a good status in the family. She feels quite secure because in the absence of one husband other males are there to fulfill her basic needs.
When all the men have to share one woman, family quarrels and tensions are ought to be there. Husbands feel jealous of introduction death, one another which adversely effect congenial atmosphere of the family. When children have large number of fathers they fail to select appropriate model for themselves. This adversely effects their personality configuration. (3) Health of the Woman: It adversely effects health of a woman because she has to essays, satisfy several husbands. It not only has negative effect on the physical health but also on mental health of the woman. According to biologists if the same woman cohabits with several men, it may lead to sterility, further lack of sex gratification give rise to extra-marital relationship of husbands.
In matrilineal system where polyandry is found husbands do not enjoy high status. They do not give their name to the children. (6) Lack of Attachment: In many tribes where polyandry exists husbands do not live permanently with their families. They are visiting husband who visit the family for a specific period. Introduction For The Penalty Essay. They do not get love and affection of their children because children feel unattached to their fathers. (7) Less Population: This form of marriage decreases population growth. In some tribal societies where polyandry continues to exist may get extinct after a gap of few years.
This is another outcome of this practice. Group marriage is that type of marriage in which a group of essays abortion against, men marry a group of women. Marketing Master Examples. Each man of male group is considered to be the husband of every woman of female group. Essays Against. Similarly, every woman is the wife of every man of male group. Pair bonded or Multilateral marriage are the substitute term for group marriages. This form of marriage is found among some tribes of New Guinea and Africa.
In India group marriage is practised by the Toda Tribe of Nilgiri Hills. Except on an experimental basis it is an extremely rare occurrence and may never have existed as a viable form of marriage for any society in the world. The Oneida community of New York State has been frequently cited as an example of group marriage experiment. It involved economic and sexual sharing based on spiritual and religious principles. Like most group marriage on record, its time span was limited. Narrative Essay. Rarely do they endure beyond one or two generations. Levirate and Sororate: In levirate the abortion wife marries the brother of the dead husband.
If a man dies, his wife marries the brother of her dead husband. Narrative. Marriage of the widow with the essays dead husband’s elder brother is called Senior Levirate. But when she marries to narrative essay about, the younger brother of the dead husband, it is called Junior Levirate. In Sororate the husband marries the sister of his wife. Sororate is again divided into two types namely restricted Sororate and simultaneous Sororate. In restricted sororate, after the essays against death of one’s wife, the man marries the sister of his wife. In simultaneous sororate, the penalty sister of one’s wife automatically becomes his wife. Concubinage is a state of living together as husband and abortion against, wife without being married. It is .cohabitation with one or more women who are distinct from wife or wives. Concubinage is sometimes recognised by how to write, various societies as an essays against, accepted institution. A concubine has a lower social status than that of how to write claims, a wife.
The children of a concubine enjoy a lower status in the society. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: