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AP Biology Essay #7 concerning Evolution, created using the grading rubric, so will be an A+ Essay by Infiniti30 , High School, 11th grade , February 2004. discuss the evolutionary relationships between the books two members of each pair you have chosen. In your discussion. Resume? include structural adaptations and their functional significance. a. Green Algae. Vascular Plants. b. Jet Report Books? Prokaryotes. For Integrative Psychosynthesis? Eukaryotes. Green Algae and Vascular Plants have clear evolutionary relationships. Both Green algae and vascular plants have many similarities displaying this fact.

Just a few of these similarities include that both groups have chloroplasts with chlorophyll b and jet report books beta-carotene (for getting food), chloroplasts of similar structure, chemically similar cellulose in cell wall, similar peroxismes (which contain enzymes), alike Mitosis and cytokinesis processes (reproduction), similar sperm ultrastructure, and how to a persuasive five essay similar rRNA structure (shows similarity at a genetic level). These two structures do of course differ, because the vascular plants are much further evolved than the Algae. A few of jet report, these likely acquired traits are Xylem, and Phloem, which transport both water and food throughout the plant much like the veins in our body transport oxygen through veins and national essay examples service arteries, though Xylem unlike Phloem use passive transport to accomplish this. The cuticle, or waxy covering of the jet report vascular plants, allowing them to survive perhaps better, especially when supplied with less water, helps prevent evaporation of water from the vascular plants, allowing them to grow easily away from shallow water, which much of the algae depend on. Of A Person? There are many other evolved traits which the vascular plants possess as well.

Though there are differences, clearly Green Algae has an evolutionary relationship to jet report books Green Algae. The multiple structural similarities, and advancements of the vascular plants clearly show Vascular plants have a somewhat close evolutionary relationship with Greene Algae. Prokaryotes, and Eukaryotes also share evolutionary relationships. Basic similarities between these organisms include, having nucleic acids (genetic connection), Chromosome(s), possession of ribosomes( site for creating of polypeptides), having cell membranes and walls (protection. AP Biology Essay #7 concerning Evolution, created using the psychosynthesis grading rubric, so will be an jet report books A+. (2004, February 01). In Retrieved 02:05, October 03, 2017, from WriteWork contributors. AP Biology Essay #7 concerning Evolution, created using the the perfect grading rubric, so will be an A+, 01 February, 2004.

Web. 03 Oct. 2017. WriteWork contributors, AP Biology Essay #7 concerning Evolution, created using the grading rubric, so will be an A+,, (accessed October 03, 2017) Cell Organelles Interrelationships. The nucleus is the most obvious organelle in a eukaryotic cell. Virtually all eukaryote cells have a nucleus (red blood cells lose theirs and jet report books so are enucleate for how to tag a, most of their life-span of 180 days). It is surrounded by the nuclear envelope, a double membrane with contains a large number of books, pores . 3 pages 36 Jul/2003 0.0.

Compare And Contrast Eukaryotic And Prokaryotic Cells Essay. Re Vision Centre? The cell is the basic functioning unit of organisms in which chemical reactions take place. These reactions involve an energy release needed to support life and build structures. The cell consists of membrane bound organelles, which are responsible for jet report books, the division of tag a in an essay, labour. There are two main . 3 pages 57 Oct/2005 3.7. Darwin's sucess compared to Galileo's faliures Whereas Galileo spent his last days under house arrest and was formally condemned by the Church for his scientific views, the elder Darwin was widely respected by the Anglican Church and was buried at jet report the Westminster Abbey, an honor reserved for national honor essay examples, only . 7 pages 118 Mar/1996 3.5. Two Brains? About the brain's two hemispheres. . and even humerous cues, decoding visual information and books maintaining an integrated story structure. While all of this is going on, the two sides . that working alone would be somewhat lacking and overspecialized, but when functioning together bring different strengths and areas of expertise to make an . 4 pages 168 Jan/1993 3.2. . The Meaning of Evolution. Charles Darwin, a British naturalist has revolutionized biological and genetic studies with his new idea of 'Natural Selection.' His theory on resume . before, Natural History.

In 1831 he graduated from Cambridge with a B.A. He met many connections who were his allies in a ' . 4 pages 175 1 Oct/1996 4.7. . structure for which it is intended. When a cell messes up on jet report a delivery, which doesn't happen very often, is usually the result of a genetic . How To A Persuasive Five? plants . Jet Report Books? level . 6 pages 214 1 May/1996 4.3. . suppress the levels the resume patient needs to be exposed to books sunlight. It is found, that when the patient is exposed to the light there is a significant decrease in narrative essay on teenage pregnancy, depression . have been more detalied about jet report function of hormones Seasonal Affective Disorder Seasonal Affective Disorder, or SAD, is a common . 4 pages 116 Jan/1996 3.7. Tag A In An? Good news: you can turn to other's writing help. WriteWork has over 100,000 sample papers Prof. Jacob Leland, Phd. I turned what i thought was a C+ paper into an A- Dawn S., college student. CNN WIRED EveningTimes Sony NPR Independent The Boston Globe The Virginian Pilot. Rutgers University Marist College Boston College Boston University University of jet report books, Colorado University of Maryland University of Phoenix New York University Indiana University Columbia University Miami Dade College University of Missouri. . Darwin's theory of coral reefs and theory of evolution had some differences. One, the coral reefs . 5 pages 10 Feb/2008 0.0. . of the substrate.

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Why Smart People Defend Bad Ideas. [First published April 2005] We all know someone who’s intelligent, but who occasionally defends obviously bad ideas. Why does this happen? How can smart people take up positions that defy any reasonable logic? Having spent many years working with smart people I’ve cataloged many of the ways this happens, and I have advice on what to jet report, do about it.

I feel qualified to write this essay as I’m a recovering smart person myself and I’ve defended several very bad ideas. So if nothing else this essay serves as a kind of personal therapy session. How To Source? However, I fully suspect you’ll get more than just entertainment value (“Look, Scott is more stupid than we thought!”) out of what I have to say on this topic. I’m not entirely proud to admit that I have a degree in Logic and books, Computation from Carnegie Mellon University. The Perfect? Majoring in jet report books logic is narrative essay pregnancy, not the kind of jet report books, thing that makes people want to talk to you at writing the perfect resume, parties, or read your essays. Jet Report Books? But one thing I did learn after years of studying advanced logic theory is that proficiency in narrative essay on teenage pregnancy argument can easily be used to overpower others, even when you are dead wrong. If you learn a few tricks of logic and debate, you can refute the obvious, and defend the books, ridiculous. If the people you’re arguing with aren’t as comfortable in essay on teenage the tactics of argument, or aren’t as arrogant as you are, they may even give in and agree with you. The problem with smart people is that they like to be right and jet report, sometimes will defend ideas to the death rather than admit they’re wrong. Honor Society Essay? This is bad. Worse, if they got away with it when they were young (say, because they were smarter than their parents, their friends, and their parent’s friends) they’ve probably built an ego around being right, and will therefore defend their perfect record of invented righteousness to the death.

Smart people often fall into the trap of preferring to be right even if it’s based in delusion, or results in them, or their loved ones, becoming miserable. (Somewhere in your town there is a row of jet report books, graves at how to source essay, the cemetery, called smartypants lane, filled with people who were buried at poorly attended funerals, whose headstones say “Well, at least I was right.”) Until they come face to face with someone who is tenacious enough to dissect their logic, and resilient enough to jet report, endure the thinly veiled intellectual abuse they dish out during debate (e.g. The Perfect Resume? “You don’t really think that do you?”or “Well if you knew the insert obscure reference here rule/law/corollary you wouldn’t say such things”), they’re never forced to question their ability to defend bad ideas. Opportunities for this are rare: a new boss, a new co-worker, a new spouse. Jet Report Books? But if their obsessiveness about resume, being right is strong enough, they’ll reject those people out of hand before they question their own biases and self-manipulations. It can be easier for smart people who have a habit of books, defending bad ideas to change jobs, spouses, or cities rather than honestly examine what is at the core of their psyche (and often, their misery).

Short of honor society examples, obtaining a degree in logic, or studying the jet report, nuances of resume of a person, debate, remember this one simple rule for defusing those who are skilled at defending bad ideas: Simply because they cannot be proven wrong, does not make them right. Most of the tricks of logic and debate refute questions and attacks, but fail to establish any true justification for a given idea. For example, just because you can’t prove that I’m not the king of France reincarnated doesn’t make it so. So when someone tells you “My plan A is the best because no one has explained how it will fail” know that there is a logical gap in this argument. Simply because no one has described how it will fail, doesn’t necessarily make it the best plan. It’s possible than plans B, C, D and E all have the jet report, same quality, or that the reason no one has described how A will fail is that no one has had more than 30 seconds to scrutinize the plan. As we’ll discuss later, diffusing bad thinking requires someone (probably you) to construct a healthier framework around the how to write five essay, bad thinking that shows it for what it is. The second stop on jet report our tour of commonly defended bad ideas is the seemingly friendly notion of communal thinking. Just because everyone in the room is smart doesn’t mean that collectively they will arrive at smart ideas. The power of peer pressure is that it works on our psychology, not our intellect. As social animals we are heavily influenced by how the people around us behave, and the quality of our own internal decision making varies widely depending on the environment we currently are in. (e.g.

Try to write a haiku poem while standing in an elevator with 15 opera singers screaming 15 different operas, in 15 different languages, in falsetto, directly at you vs. sitting on a bench in a quiet stretch of open woods). That said, the more homogeneous a group of people are in honor essay examples service their thinking, the jet report books, narrower the range of ideas that the group will openly consider. Narrative Essay? The more open minded, creative, and courageous a group is, the wider the jet report, pool of ideas they’ll be capable of exploring. Some teams of how to write paragraph, people look to focus groups, consultancies, and research methods to bring in outside ideas, but this rarely improves the books, quality of thinking in the group itself. Those outside ideas, however bold or original, are at narrative essay, the mercy of the diversity of thought within the group itself. If the group, as a collective, is jet report, only capable of approving B level work, it doesn’t matter how many A level ideas you bring to how to a persuasive paragraph, it. Focus groups or other outside sources of information can not give a team, or its leaders, a soul.

A bland homogeneous team of people has no real opinions, because it consists of jet report books, people with same backgrounds, outlooks, and write a persuasive, experiences who will only jet report books feel comfortable discussing the safe ideas that fit into those constraints. If you want your smart people to be as smart as possible, seek a diversity of ideas. Re Vision Centre For Integrative Psychosynthesis? Find people with different experiences, opinions, backgrounds, weights, heights, races, facial hair styles, colors, past-times, favorite items of clothing, philosophies, and beliefs. Unify them around the results you want, not the means or approaches they are expected to use. It’s the only way to guarantee that the best ideas from your smartest people will be received openly by jet report the people around them. On your own, avoid homogenous books, films, music, food, sex, media and people.

Actually experience life by going to places you don’t usually go, spending time with people you don’t usually spend time with. Narrative Essay On Teenage? Be in the moment and be open to it. Until recently in human history, life was much less predictable and we were forced to books, encounter things not always of our own choosing. We are capable of more interesting and creative lives than our modern cultures often provide for us. If you go out of your way to find diverse experiences it will become impossible for writing the perfect resume you to miss ideas simply because your homogenous outlook filtered them out. At any moment on any project there are an infinite number of books, levels of problem solving. Part of being a truly smart person is to know which level is the right one at a given time. For example, if you are skidding out of control at how to, 95mph in your broken down Winnebago on books an ice covered interstate, when a semi-truck filled with both poorly packaged fireworks and loosely bundled spark plugs slams on its brakes, it’s not the right time to discuss with your passengers where y’all would like to stop for dinner. But as ridiculous as this scenario sounds, it happens all the time.

People worry about the wrong thing at the wrong time and apply their intelligence in write a persuasive paragraph ways that doesn’t serve the greater good of whatever they’re trying to books, achieve. Essay? Some call this difference in books skill wisdom, in that the resume person, wise know what to be thinking about, where as the merely intelligent only know how to think. (The de-emphasis of wisdom is an jet report east vs. west dichotomy: eastern philosophy heavily emphasizes deeper wisdom, where as the post enlightenment west, and honor essay examples, perhaps particularly America, heavily emphasizes the intellectual flourishes of intelligence). In the software industry, the common example of thinking at the wrong level is a team of rock star programmers who can make anything, but don’t really know what to make: so they tend to build whatever things come to mind, never stopping to find someone who might not be adept at writing code, but can see where the books, value of their programming skills would be best applied. Other examples include people that always worry about money despite how much they have, people who struggle with relationships but invest their energy only in how to a persuasive essay improving their appearance (instead of in jet report therapy or other emotional exploration), or anyone that wants to solve problem X but only source essay ever seems to do things that solve problem Y. The primary point is that no amount of intelligence can help an individual who is books, diligently working at the wrong level of the problem. Someone with wisdom has to tap them on the shoulder and say, “Um, hey. The hole you’re digging is very nice, and resume of a person, it is the right size. But you’re in jet report the wrong yard.” Killed in honor society service the long term by short term thinking. From what we know of evolution it’s clear that we are alive because of our inherited ability to think quickly and respond to change.

The survival of living creatures, for most of the history of our planet, has been a short term game. Only if you can out-run your predators, and catch your prey, do you have the luxury of worrying about tomorrow. It follows then that we tend to be better at worrying about and solving short term issues than long term issues. Even when we recognize an jet report books important long term issue that we need to for integrative, plan for, say protecting natural resources or saving for retirement, we’re all too easily distracted away from those deep thoughts by immediate things like dinner or sex (important things no doubt, but the driving needs in these pursuits, at least for this half of the books, species, are short term in nature). Once distracted, we rarely return to the long term issues we were drawn away from. A common justification for abuse of short term thinking is the fake perspective defense. The wise, but less confident guy says “hey are you sure we should be doing this?” And the smart, confident, but less wise guy says “of course. We did this last time, and the time before that, so why shouldn’t we do this again?” This is the fake perspective defense because there’s no reason to re vision, believe that 2 points of jet report books, data (e.g. last time plus the time before that) is sufficient to make claims about the future.

People say similar things all the time in defense of the free market economy, democracy, and mating strategies. “Well, it’s gotten us this far, and it’s the best system we have”. Well, maybe. On Teenage Pregnancy? But if you were in that broken down Winnebago up to your ankles in jet report books gasoline from resume, a leaking tank, smoking a cigarette in each hand, you could say the jet report books, same thing. Put simply, the fact that you’re not dead yet doesn’t mean that the national essay examples service, things you’ve done up until now shouldn’t have, by all that is fair in the universe, already killed you. Books? You might just need a few more data points for the law of averages to re vision centre for integrative, catch up, and books, put a permanent end to re vision centre, your short term thinking. How many data points you need to feel comfortable continuing a behavior is entirely a matter of personal philosophy. The wise and skeptical know that even an infinite number of data points in the past may only have limited bearing on the future. The tricky thing about the jet report, future is that it’s different than the past. Our data from the essay on teenage, past, no matter how big a pile of data it is, may very well be entirely irrelevant. Some find this lack of predictive ability of the future quite frustrating, while others see it as the primary reason to jet report books, stick around for a few more years. Anyway, my point is not that Winnebagos or free market economies are bad.

Instead I’m saying that short term bits of data are neither reliable nor a wise way to of a, go about making important long term decisions. Intelligent people do this all the time, and since it’s so commonly accepted as a rule of thumb (last time + the time before that), it’s often accepted in place of actual thinking. Always remember that humans, given our evolution, are very bad at seeing the cumulative effects of behavior, and underestimate how things like compound interest or that one cigarette a day, can in the long term, have surprisingly large impacts despite clearly low short term effects. How to prevent smart people from defending bad ideas. I spent my freshman year at a small college in NJ called Drew University. I had a fun time, ingested many tasty alcoholic beverages, and jet report books, went to lots of great parties (the result of which of national examples service, course was that I basically failed out and had to move back to Queens with my parents. You see, the truth is that this essay is really a public service announcement paid for by my parents – I was a smart person that did some stupid things). But the reason I mention all this is because I learned a great bit of philosophy from many hours of jet report, playing pool in write essay the college student center. The lesson is this: Speed kills . I was never very good at pool, but this one guy there was, and whenever we’d play, he’d watch me miss easy shots because I tried to force them in with authority. I chose speed and power over control, and I usually lost.

So like pool, when it comes to defusing smart people who are defending bad ideas, you have to jet report books, find ways to slow things down. The reason for writing the perfect this is jet report, simple. Smart people, or at least those whose brains have good first gears, use their speed in thought to overpower others. They’ll jump between assumptions quickly, throwing out jargon, bits of logic, or rules of thumb at of a, a rate of fire fast enough to cause most people to books, become rattled, and give in. When that doesn’t work, the arrogant or the pompous will throw in some belittlement and use whatever snide or manipulative tactics they have at how to source in an essay, their disposal to further discourage you from books, dissecting their ideas. So your best defense starts by breaking an how to a persuasive argument down into pieces. When they say “it’s obvious we need to execute plan A now.” You say, “hold on. Jet Report? You’re way ahead of me.

For me to of a person, follow I need to break this down into pieces.” And without waiting for permission, you should go ahead and do so. First, nothing is obvious. If it were obvious there would be no need to say so. So your first piece is to establish what isn’t so obvious. Jet Report Books? What are the narrative on teenage, assumptions the other guy is glossing over jet report that are worth spending time on? There may be 3 or 4 different valid assumptions that need to be discussed one at a time before any kind of decision can be considered. Take each one in turn, and lay out the basic questions: what problem are we trying to solve? What alternatives to solving it are there? What are the tradeoffs in each alternative?

By breaking it down and asking questions you expose more thinking to light, make it possible for others to ask questions, and make it more difficult for of a anyone to defend a bad idea. No one can ever take away your right to think things over, especially if the books, decision at hand is important. If your mind works best in how to tag a source in an 3rd or 4th gear, find ways to give yourself the time needed to jet report books, get there. If when you say ” need the essay service, afternoon to think this over”, they say. “tough. We’re deciding now”. Ask if the decision is an important one. If they say yes, then you should be completely justified in asking for more time to think it over jet report and ask questions. Find a sane person people listen to. Some situations require outside help. How To Tag A Source Essay? Instead of taking a person on directly, get a third party that you both respect, and jet report books, continue the how to write, discussion in their presence.

This can be a superior, or simply someone smart enough that the other person might possibly concede points to them. It follows that if your team manager is jet report, wise and reasonable, smart people who might ordinarily defend bad ideas will have a hard time doing so. But sadly if your team manager is neither wise nor reasonable, smart, arrogant people may convince others to the perfect, follow their misguided ways more often than not. I’m sure you have stories of your own follies dealing with smart people defending bad ideas, or where you, yourself, as a smart person, have spent time arguing for things you regretted later. Given the wondrous multitude of books, ways the universe has granted humans to be smart and for integrative psychosynthesis, dumb at the same time, there are many more reasons why smart people behave in stupid ways. For fun, and as fodder, here’s a few more. If you have some thoughts on this essay, or some more reasons to add, leave a comment: Smart people can follow stupid leaders (seeking praise or promotion) Smart people may follow their anger into stupid places They may be trained or educated into stupidity Smart people can inherit bad ideas from jet report books, their parents under the guise of tradition They may simply want something to be true, that can never be. Check out my related essay, how to how to tag a in an essay, detect bullshit.

This essay was written before I learned about Cognitive Bias, a very important set of discoveries about inherent flaws in human judgement. Jet Report Books? You should learn about it too. Difficult conversations, a book about confronting people in tough situations. The argument clinic, Monty Python (If you’ve never seen it, watch it before reading this script. It’s in the 3rd season, disc 9 of the boxed set). Five? Also see the splunge scene in episode 6. Games people play, Eric Byrne. Jet Report Books? A book on transactional analyis: a model for why people behave as they do in national essay certain situations. The informed argument, Robert Miller. Textbook style coverage of both proper and unfair argument tactics.

With good reason, Morris Engel. a short summary of common logic manipulations, explained with a sense of humor (over a dozen cartoons). Books? Why smart people can be so stupid, If you sign up to national examples service, receive his best posts via email, you’ll get a FREE copy of a preview edition of Mindfire plus free chapters from all of his bestselling books. Over 19,000 people have signed up. Privacy policy enforced by my Rotweiller. 272 Responses to “Why Smart People Defend Bad Ideas” I think it is relatively simple why smart people defend bad ideas.

I read two books fairly recently. Neither of these books made much sence alone; however together they led to the following conclusion: 1. We are all brainwashed or have brainwashed ourselves and that is particularily true if one has been brainwashed into a profession. Jet Report? So the first question we must answer is: How brainwashed am I? (Reference – McGinn, Colin 2008, Mindfucking, A Critique of Mental Manipulation, Acumen). 2. Narrative? What and whose bullshit do I believe? (Reference – Law, Stephen, 2011, Believing Bullshit, How Not to Get Sucked into Intellectual Black Hole, Prometheus Books. Only after having answered these two questions can one look at issues objectively. Your comments are very interesting but I find your article a bit to long for me to read it all I would like to comment on jet report myself. I am not smart but I love to be an egghead.I believe in learning and in how to a persuasive five essay all the intellectual ideas of the jet report, world as history, geography, math, astronomy and especially phillosophy.I suffered thru school not knowing I had a learning disabillity.I have always tried to how to tag a, tackle the jet report, toughest branches of learning especially philosophy.I was thrown out of of a, grammar schoo for being a bad kid and also highschool.I received a Ged diploma and went from there to a lot of reading.

Most of which I do not understand but I have the need to convince people I am smart. On the contrary I very easlly admit I am wrong but I find others I talk to unable to books, do so.I have the bad habit of picking odd unusual things to tell peope. I guess I show people I am smart. For example I might say to narrative, someone that american indians never saw a horse until the europians brought them or that syphillis was given to europeans by the native american indians. These comments inevitally cause arguements. I am not very nice when I have discussions with people and it leads to books, furious argumentation. What really frustrates me is when I show people I am right by showing them reliable sources as say a dictionary or an encyclopedia. So I think I am different in that I am not smart but just like to psychosynthesis, pretend I am. I really love all intellectional things but I find the people I meet up with do not. Books? Any mispellings or grammatical are do to re vision, my poor education. My spell check only tells me a word is mispelled but does not correct the word.

Perhaps it does correct the word but I just don’t know how to jet report, use it. I did go to college even without a diploma from elementary or highschool. My major was philosophy. Yup I picked one of the hardest subjects I was a poor student getting c’s and d’s but I passed and I do have a college diploma from FIU here in fla. Of course I never made a nickel from it but I loved it and essay, I am proud that I accompished this. Jet Report Books? I will go back and read your article in full. I love your truths. “your article is a bit to(o) long” and then you respond with an national society essay essay before reading all of it? LoL. Allan, you are smarter than you think.

Seriously. Next step, keep reading and expanding your knowledge, and focus on reducing your need to defend arguments. When people talk about something you don’t know a lot about (and as mentioned in this article, they might know less than they are leading you to believe!), just relax and ask questions. People who know how to listen and ask questions are truly some of the jet report books, smartest and best at making decisions. Just be patient with yourself, and examples service, know that a lot of people (myself included) have felt the same way you describe at times. ;-) You are a good, humble individual.

Bill and Scott: Now take this one step further and explain to me the disasters of ENRON and Madoff. How did all the professionals schooled in business and finance not see these coming. Your thinking is beyond confused, and jet report books, your writing skills are even worse. How To Essay? Your understanding of science and how it works is as bad as your syntax. I don’t think Scott’s essay wasn’t an invitation to denigrate smart, educated people. Jet Report Books? Your post is nonsense unless you can prove examples to honor society essay service, which you’re referring. Jet Report? What assumptions and what, pray tell, makes you think the for integrative, big bang theory is jet report, rubbish?

Your ideas are very poorly formed. I don’t spend time to review my writings and fix errors on comments. It took almost entire life for me to gain power of independent thinking in true sense. Even though I hate conventional scientific theories nowadays, I love science and technologies. The problem is to have balanced idea or opinion about a fact one must have different explanations.

The great tragic of collective stupidity in human society is educational system is designed to dumb down humans. If I give you serious scientific papers and books written by scientists and of a, engineers, will you personally spend your spare time and energy to jet report books, study alternative theory? For example all text books and journals that public can access on the net or buy in book stores only represent theories and information for mainstream science. Black Holes do exist. Why? As an average Joe like me believe in as truth because the write a persuasive five, scientists say so.

Matter can not travel faster than the speed of light. Again asking why returns simple answer “Mr. Einstein say so.” Big Bang theory of universe is absurd and rubbish hypothesis to any individual who really study alternative theories of books, physics. For instance Big Bang theory assumes our universe is close system that has start and end. Writing The Perfect? How they know our universe is close or open system? To ask this question one has to understand two fundamental approaches for attacking physical problem in sciences: close or open system. Looking at an engine as close system which is completely isolated from external environment probably reasonable. The engine burns fuel and convert part of its energy into mechanical force. Then applying same principal to unimaginably big entity, which is books, our universe, is simply stupid or intellectual masturbation of bad scientists.

It became scientific fact that Sun’s weather change effects Earth’s local/global weather. I didn’t make this up. Then, it’s just beginning of bigger reality Earth belongs to. Our solar system travels extremely fast in space. Changing conditions of how to tag a, space also affect every thing in books solar system. Then there is our galaxy, galaxy cluster, super galaxy cluster, on and on. All laws in physics built upon basic assumptions of its inventors. In mathematics it calls as Axiom. Write A Persuasive? Public education do not offer any space to discuss possible or inherited flaws of these Axioms. Whether it’s a kid in a grade school or student in a college, challenging the teacher’ word comes with punishment.

Why do we have to books, depend on fossil fuels? Because we’ve been taught energy does not exist in empty space. It only exists inside static matter. To extract energy matter – fossil fuel, oil or Uranium or whatever – has to be destroyed. Exact repetition of stupidity when people was believing in “Sun and tag a source in an essay, all stars revolve around the Earth.” To exercise free will and make own decision one needs to jet report, have choices. In science different theories do exist. Do you know who Nicola Tesla was? Nearly seven billions still depend on Tesla’s electric power generation and distribution technologies over writing one hundred years. Nicola Tesla demonstrated how to extract energy in books atmosphere even space, which gave a clue alternative perspective how our universe exists.

Anyway good signs more and resume of a person, more people are beginning to jet report books, embrace Tesla’s perspective. Your entire post smacks of society essay examples service, typical anti-intellectual conspiracy nonsense. As I said, you do not seem to really understand how science works, and your words seem to confirm this. You stated that “For example all text books and journals that public can access on books the net or buy in book stores only represent theories and information for mainstream science.” Mainstream science, are you serious here? What, there’s non-mainstream science? Let me get this straight; in other words, there’s a cover up occurring, right? This is such nonsensical thinking.

Science is tag a in an, imperfect but it is the best we have, and it is self-correcting because of its peer-reviewed nature. I wholeheartedly reject your conspiracy position as it lacks any basis in reality. Next, what you appear to be doing is to confuse issues. Simply because someone cannot tell you why matter cannot accelerate past the books, speed of light does not mean that it is less true. You appear to be attempting to equate one’s faith in psychosynthesis science as being the equivalent as one’s faith in religion. If so then you are committing the fallacy of equivocation. I do not doubt that there have been examples of books, certain scientific theories being initially rejected but proved later. Indeed, vindication for these scientists but it proves that science works. Theories and information are altered as new information arises. Most alternative theories are just that—alternative.

Simply because something is re vision psychosynthesis, alternative doesn’t mean that it’s true. I caution you to be careful as your thinking is bordering on conspiratorial and paranoid… What is your purpose in life Steve? this what i and i guess steve are getting at. your to lazy to jet report books, do the work yet you want to narrative essay pregnancy, tell us how its done YET when we take the jet report books, time to the perfect resume, refute or rebuttal or debate the topic like an adult somewhat versed in that field yall throw your hands up and say “Whats the point. ” and knock the metaphorical jenga tower over. Jet Report? if we pursue further (its hardly worth the effort) we look like assholes cause what you guys cant seem to writing, understand is you are wrong and like the jet report books, author states your stuck in your ways cause you think you are smart…. the cycle. He sounds like one of those insulters from the article. Person? It’s too bad we can’t always have calm and respectful discussion. I just don’t don’t know who to respond to but I think this is a great forum.

Here are some of my ideas and books, they are not necessarilly in the order of most important. 1 We should try to five essay, defend what we don’t believe in.Practice this sincerely and maybe it might improve out prospective. 2 Those who criticize science and those that defend it should realize that scientific theories change over the years as we learn more so why so sure about the jet report books, big bang theory. 3. I think however that logic never changes. Our measurements of things become more accurate over a period of years due to on teenage, improving devices however logic of sentences never change. At least I think so. My sentences may not live up to the above but I try. 4 My theory of science goes something like this. When a new scientific law comes it of course comes from observation and jet report, previous know theories but just what makes them accepted as true.

Isn’t it a majority opinion among the scientists and philosophers? That is e,g if we deduce that the sun is 90 million miles away isn’t it the majority of opinion that makes it an acceptable scientific law? How many opinions or even observations do we need to determine a scientific rule? A further explanation might go something like this. If we observed a volkswagon car smashed up on source essay every corner we might conclude that they were a poor product but just how many smashed up cars would we need to convince us that the volkswagons were no good One, ten 100, How many scientific observations do we need to present it as an eternal truth? Ok I know there are many thousand topics to jet report, be discussed so lets get on with it. High I agree with you, I was just searching google for wondering if some one could enlighten me why I consciously and purposely decide to national society, go with bad decisions even after learning what is more correct or the books, actual thing I’m looking for. How To Write Five Paragraph? Wasting my time and books, resources anyways, this hit spot on with that and resume, and other answers that I had i reasoned for my decisions I appreciate this article, it made me understand I’m just not only making it difficult for jet report others but myself too. This essay is for integrative psychosynthesis, describing typical OCD people when they are wrong ;) I follow what is books, said here, but my friend tries to source in an essay, use rather large words and speak over me.

When i argue back, he just gets mad and starts to call me names or say ” you mad bro”. Books? How do i get out of this situation without creating a fight? @tim Large words is a self defense mechanism to cause you purposely to over react tell him to use lame se terms or is he scared to be proven wrong. An excellent article. Scott Berkun gently points out in everyday language some of the most common logical errors. I was also reminded that although I think I’m smart I have bad ideas as often as, or maybe more often than, people of less intelligence, and resume, because I think I’m smart, I tend to hang onto those bad ideas long after they should have been discarded. The Title of jet report books, Scott’s essay is “Why Smart People Defend Bad Ideas”.

Many here have attacked him for the perfect resume his information on how, not why, they do this. He is discussing ‘smart people’, and jet report books, why they would defend, support, or propose, and idea or position, that the smart person already knows isn’t smart. I do not see this essay as anti-intellectual , but rather that the intellect needs to be combined with wisdom ( knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense, and writing the perfect resume, insight). I think that the books, reference to how to a persuasive paragraph essay, Issac Newton was only to show that smart people, do in fact, defend bad ideas. The only reference to jet report, politics was the narrative pregnancy, economy. The fact that some are debating the big bang, relativity, gravity, and science in general, or arguing that if a smart person supports a bad idea, he must not be smart…… only makes Scott’s point. I can not let this go without comment. Steve , theories are not proven. That does not mean that ALL science is jet report, theory and therefore , without proof. There is no alternative theory for proven science.

From where I sit there are few things which are more irritating than someone entering into a discussion without fully grasping what’s been said hitherto; indeed, thus enters Jax. Like you, I cannot let your inane commentary go without . . . well . . . commenting. I think perhaps you need to grasp what has been said: we all can defend bad ideas—this I do not deny—but it is usually the how to in an, ignorant ones who tend to do this. Books? It is rather ironic that you have entered into this conversation without fully grasping what has been said. Jax, you stated that “[…] theories are not proven.” Oh, really, they’re not?

I suppose you’re the type who states that “Evolution is just a theory.” If so then you are guilty of equivocation. You need to understand what science means when it uses the term “theory.” Here’s a little blurb form Wiki: “A scientific theory is a well-substantiated explanation of tag a source in an essay, some aspect of the natural world that is acquired through the jet report, scientific method and resume person, repeatedly tested and confirmed through observation and experimentation.” It seems to me that you’re using theory in the everyday sense and if so then you are exceptionally wrong. Jet Report Books? Your last statement is entirely meaningless. What did you mean when you wrote “There is no alternative theory for of a proven science.” Alternative theory, huh? It is clear to me that you, like most Americans, have little to no understanding of science or the scientific method. Reread the jet report, entire post and then get back to on teenage, us. You are a perfect example of modern secular humanist thinking, which is 180° wrong.

In 100 years, when our “laws” of physics are shown not at jet report books, all to be “laws” but to the perfect, be rules that apply here in earth, in the Milky Way, in jet report books this particular time period, but which fall completely apart as soon as we go “out there” (I’m pointing at the sky now) you secular humanists will say, “Well we didn’t have all the data.” But here in this time period, you declare the books pure, unadulterated, proven science. Never responsible for being wrong. Always being right. Nothing but fraud coming out of the national service, intellecutals, scientists, university researchers. Theories fall well below the laws so no comment needed there. Someone else posted separating intelligence and wisdom.

Yes, a “wise” person is smart. A 180 IQ person doesn’t necessarily have any smarts whatseover. Jet Report? Unfortunately the populace has this predudice against themselves as individuals and they always assume the high IQ and the PhD is smarter than they are, so they keep deferring to these idiots. The reality is the auto mechanic who sees the world knows knows infiintely more than these isolated intellectuals. The results of the centre, “intellectuals” can be seen everywhere – the bankruptcy of the entire free world, graduates who can’t read and write despite the intellectuals taking over the school system from the top down, from the books, “best” schools in essay the world, downright idiots in the presidency who couldn’t solve their way out of a wet paper bag. The infiltration of this secular humanism everywhere has put us in jet report a precarious dystopia. You think we’re advancing greatly but meanwhile the civilization, like many civilizations much greater before us, is flushing itself down the essay on teenage pregnancy, toilet at the lead of the books, intellectuals. I’m sure no one in the middle of the perfect, a dying civilization, knew what they were seeing.

Just like you: Completely fogged and spreading the fog to others as you go. @steve you are of books, a different kind of re vision, inteligence and do not relate to jet report, this article so, you feel a certain way and feel to easily dismiss it, this article was meant to write five essay, inform not prove anything as jax was saying in the comment you quoted he is saying that science is not a theory the books, universe and science are already a defined system, we all create theories because we are defining a small part of the whole of what we believe to be true. Ps I didn’t read the resume of a person, whole discussion too much to read I was just trying to understand possible counter arguments and other audiences views on this discussion I may or may not read the rest of it but like this article I’m not trying to prove right or wrong but inform of possible ideas and reasons. Correction: i made a reference to Steve and i meant Hughe, concerning science. I was kind of responding to Steve Thomas with the rest of my comment. Jet Report? My point is that Steve and society examples service, others are trying to turn this essay (a personally held view of the author) into an argument or debate. Books? It is not about anti-intellectualism, ignorant people, dumb people, left or right, the dumbing down of america, or any of the nonsense posted here, and it all illustrates Scott’s point. Writing? Everyone is jet report, trying to be right by abandoning the original point and confounding the discussion with points of contention. Narrative Essay Pregnancy? This essay is about why people, who you know are intelligent, support bad (by any definition) ideas, often against jet report their own best interest. Steve, i posted a correction to my first post. Resume? you have only responded to that part of my comments that was in reference to jet report, Hughe.

I am not trying to pick a fight and i have read all of the posts here and i know what a theory is. : the analysis of writing the perfect, a set of facts in their relation to one another. : abstract thought : speculation. : the books, general or abstract principles of a body of fact, a science, or an art. a : a belief, policy, or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action. b : an pregnancy ideal or hypothetical set of facts, principles, or circumstances —often used in books the phrase in in an theory. : a plausible or scientifically acceptable general principle or body of principles offered to explain phenomena.

a : a hypothesis assumed for the sake of argument or investigation. b : an unproved assumption : conjecture. c : a body of theorems presenting a concise systematic view of jet report, a subject. i am interested in the perfect resume this discussion because i have often said that we believe much of what we do because of jet report books, simply where we were born and person, raised, and yet smart people, born hemispheres apart, can be just as sure as each other (in their opposite opinions) that they are correct about something without proof. Did that make sense ? Also it bothers me that we use tradition to promote and accept , unacceptable positions. My only contention with you is that you are only illustrating Scott’s point and also that you seem to have made a judgement on jet report my positions and i don’t think that i’ve taken any except with Hughe. Centre Psychosynthesis? i was simply trying to jet report books, point out what the essay is about. Narrative? All that nonsense about alternate theories was from Hughe and i was telling him that there is no alternative to jet report, the proven truth.

I appreciate that much of what you wrote was directed toward Hughe. Yes, I suppose I did take issue with what you wrote. I have been clear: a smart and educated person knows what they don’t know. Given Scott’s hypothesis, how do you know that you’re not merely another person supporting a bad idea? I assure you that I am not in any way illustrating Scott’s point. Do you not see why? I am not making any claim but rather refuting Scott’s point, so it is impossible for five paragraph essay me to jet report books, be illustrating his point. Moreover, I feel uncertain as to re vision centre psychosynthesis, why you felt the need to post all of those definitions about the word “theory.” I am well aware of jet report, its meaning but it seems that you are not.

For all intent and purpose, scientific theories are facts—at least as close to society examples, fact as we can come. Look up the fallacy of equivocation. With that said, this is not meant as a condemnation of Scott; I think he is a great writer and jet report, makes a lot of great points, but I vehemently disagree with him on this point. Resume? Ergo, I recommend you read carefully what I wrote. I have spent my life debating and thinking carefully about issues and I can tell you unequivocally that it is almost always the loudest and proudest who are certain of their positions; these are usually loudmouthed, poorly educated ignoramuses who spout what they saw on Fox News. One merely needs to jet report, debate with a creationist in order to witness my point. Steve, i know that you’re “pissed off ” and resume of a, find me “irritating” but check yourself. Jet Report? i have a ‘grasp’ on psychosynthesis what has been said. you have not. it is partly my fault because i referenced you instead of jet report books, Hughe, but if you were that smart you should have been able to figure that out. Write Essay? unless YOU have not read all of the posts, in which case the jet report, ‘no grasp’ moniker falls to essay on teenage, you. Books? this essay is not about who ‘tends’ to defend bad ideas , but a specific group of people and WHY they defend bad ideas when they should know better. on writing the perfect resume evolution, i did not offer an opinion and you reveal a lot about yourself in your assumptions. if you read Hughe’s posts you might understand my comments concerning theories. In science, a theory is a rigorously tested statement of jet report books, general principles that explains observable and recorded aspects of the world. A scientific theory therefore describes a higher level of understanding that ties “facts” together. A scientific theory stands until proven wrong — it is never proven correct. Hughe’s assertion was that “a theory is a theory” and since it remains unproven, stands equal in re vision centre psychosynthesis probability with an alternate theory.

Now have you got a grasp ? Tap, Tap, The hole you’re digging is very nice, and jet report, it is the national society essay examples, right size. But you’ve got the jet report books, wrong author. I wondered how long it would take for you to show your nasty side. For Integrative? Here’s what you miss: what I wrote and what Hughe wrote are at different ends of the books, spectrum. Steve, one last thing. National Honor Essay Examples? If you’ve ever been tricked, misled, cheated on, lied to, pranked, suprised, discovered a secret (person,place,or thing), then you don’t know what you don’t know, but when you find out you’ll be wiser. Yes, why are we arguing? I agree with you.

Being smart does not mean one is omnipotent or flawless. Steve, i knew as soon as you used the term ‘anti-intellectual’ that we were alot closer on issues than you might think. i wanted to see how far this would go. Books? i intentionally did not offer opinion on re vision psychosynthesis the issues that were brought up. yes i agree with most of what you have said but am troubled that you do not see how you have illustrated or exemplified Scott’s premise. Jet Report? this essay was not political or derogatory to centre, any group, and jet report, only asked and tried to answer a question about a specific group of people. your argument, as i see it , is centre for integrative psychosynthesis, that everyone (or group) wants to be right and will or has defended bad ideas. maybe, but that is not what this essay is about. My mother is smart. she has a masters and was a teacher for jet report books 25 yrs. she is a financial wizard, an artist, and possesses all homemaking skills. Source In An Essay? when confronted with a new challange she is adapatable and innovative. she is retired now and receives a state teachers pension and SS and medicare. She is in books the hospital as i write. She is anti-union, anti-government, pro-corporation. Resume? she lives on her Union Pension and SS, gets the best health care between her retirement heath care and medicare, and will probably never recover her stock loses from the bush years (she is 85). Why would she defend the policies from the right so ardently ? Scott nailed it , Smart people can follow stupid leaders (seeking praise or promotion) Smart people may follow their anger into stupid places. They may be trained or educated into stupidity.

Smart people can inherit bad ideas from their parents under the jet report books, guise of the perfect resume, tradition. They may simply want something to be true, that can never be. This is jet report books, not to say that only smart people do these things or that all smart people do them , but when they do, why ? and how do they defend them ? and how can i debunk them ? that is how to tag a essay, what this essay is about. Interestingly enough, it sounds like you are describing my own mother—almost perfectly. Jet Report? Admittedly, I do not have much patience any more as I have been at the debating game too long, and I have made many of my own observations about people namely that it so refreshing to read words from someone who is cogent, cautious and thoughtful; these are hardly qualities one sees amongst the ignorant and poorly educated. As such, I do not suffer fools well and can get cranky.

Here is the crux of where I think you and Scott are going wrong: you asked “Why would she defend the policies from the right so ardently ? Scott nailed it , Smart people can follow stupid leaders […].” What then does it mean to be stupid? Such a definition renders the a persuasive, word “smart” as being altogether meaningless. This is books, exactly why I called this anti-intellectual. The Perfect? We live in jet report books an age where people merely rebrand everything. During the Bush years “torture” became “enhanced interrogation” which is, of course, complete excrement. Writing The Perfect? I am sorry but the jet report books, things you describe are not the habits of a smart person.

I do not mean any offense toward your mother or even mine for resume of a that matter. So, I reject your assertion that I am exemplifying Scott’s position because I am not defending a bad idea; I am rejecting one. It troubles me that you don’t see the difference. Jet Report Books? There is an interesting phenomenon called the write a persuasive essay, Dunning-Kruger Effect which, according to books, Wikipedia, is national examples service, “[…] is a cognitive bias wherein unskilled individuals suffer from illusory superiority, mistakenly rating their ability much higher than is accurate. This bias is attributed to a metacognitive inability of the jet report books, unskilled to recognize their ineptitude.” In short, ignorant people fail to see their ignorance. Indeed, this is a point upon how to a persuasive five paragraph essay which Socrates himself might have a lot to jet report, say. Here is a great article I recommend to a lot of people : Steve, i think you just called my mom stupid and me a fool. Re Vision Centre Psychosynthesis? ok, for arguments sake let’s call smart and stupid, high mental capacity and low mental capacity, respectively. my mom is not stupid, but all of the books, reasons listed above , for resume person smart people to defend bad ideas, pertain to jet report books, her, as well as just wanting to resume, be right. Books? this essay was written in colloquial conversation and you know what the author means. you exemplify Scott’s premise by employing every tactic (including belittlement and use of whatever snide or manipulative tactics you have) discussed, trying to be right. Re Vision Centre? it is you who have presented the straw man. this is not an jet report books essay defining ‘smart’, but is about a person, having been already defined as smart, defending a bad (stupid) idea (position, stance, law, whatever). you have made assumptions about the author and me that sparked an how to five anger within you. it is unfounded.

Neither did I call you nor your mother stupid; in fact, I used my own mother as an jet report books example. Even I would never be that rude. I was merely illustrating a point. On a level, I do not disagree that smart people defend bad ideas—it’s part of the human experience—but I do not think it is their “smartness” that has anything to do with the narrative on teenage, underlying cause. In fact, my overarching issue with Scott’s essay is that he, in my opinion, misuses the word “smart” thereby rendering it meaningless.

I know full well what Scott is books, asserting for part of narrative essay on teenage pregnancy, what he has written about is referred to books, as “the argument from ignorance.” I too am a university graduate with a philosophy degree, so I know exactly what he’s talking about. As for me, I take issue with the fact that I have dealt with a horde of narrative on teenage, stupid religious people who continually state: “Well, prove God doesn’t exist,” or “You can’t prove God doesn’t exist.” I don’t have to! These dolts overlook an obvious point that, before anything else, they can’t prove God does exist. Are these people smart or dumb? Or let’s take the average Fox News viewer—the very group who vote against jet report their own self-interests—are these people smart or dumb? I assert that it’s likely the latter but certainly not always. We all can defend bad ideas—both smart and dumb alike—so, that being the case, we have not really answered the root cause of Scott’s query. In the end, generally speaking, we don’t find that it’s usually the educated or smart people defending bad ideas but rather the paragraph essay, opposite. Books? We can go on and on and I do not mean any disrespect to either Scott or you. I simply disagree with this position. P.S.

Yes, I stand corrected on writing resume my use of the word “ignorance.” I was using it as a pejorative term. Books? I do agree that Ignorant is not stupid. Steve, by tag a source definition ignorant people can not know of jet report, their ignorance. that does not make them stupid. Re Vision For Integrative Psychosynthesis? what does that have to jet report books, do with the price of tea in china ? this essay is still not about defining smart or stupid or ignorance, or the political direction of this country, or religion , or ethics, or any of the BS discussed here, except as they influence people with above average IQs to support and defend bad ideas. Re Vision Centre For Integrative Psychosynthesis? If i’ve been rude it is not because you are smart but wrong, but because you poked me first with the rude stick. Steve, you still don’t get what this essay is about and it makes me question….your reading skills. It is NOT about comparing people or groups of people, or labeling people as smart or stupid, or which group of people act stupid more often than another, or the religious right, or fox news. it is about people that have the intellect to come to correct conclusions about what is true or real, and books, solve problems, and national society examples, why they would choose to initiate, support, and/or defend, ideas and books, positions, that they already know, through their intellect, are not beneficial, moral, ethical, fair, or reasonable. FYI, i googled Scott Berkun and although i may be wrong, he appears to be liberal, probably Dem., and is a regular commentator on MSNBC . You are angry (and i don’t really blame you) and coming across like Sean Hannity, trying to make this about something that it is not. Honor? i would rather argue with you than against jet report you if we could stay on topic. i will admit that although i grew up thinking my mom was the smartest person in the world, i have been questioning just how smart she really is , for years. love you mom. Whilst reading this, I was hoping to email you personally. Unfortunately however, a comments box just doesn’t have the same feel to it, and pregnancy, of course, I am much more reserved on books the words I choose to place here – That’s the problem with being famous (by having one best selling book, I think you can deem yourself worthy of some length of fame) Scott, the ordinary person just cannot get hold of writing the perfect, you personally.

While already understanding and being knowledgeable about your topic of books, conversation, I thoroughly enjoyed reading it, and can clearly recall using these tactics during my youth (and I remember both winning and not (however, it’s not necessary to belittle (in my own opinion))). The sole purpose for my comment is to say thank you, for ending a mildly shitty ending to a day with some light reading that lifted my mood. Side note: I must say however, during the process of essay on teenage pregnancy, writing this, I became very lost in reading the comments, which were truly entertaining. Although while two individuals I read arguments from both sound of books, intelligence, a debate between each other is much less productive than developing a document of their own speculations and essay, questions to consider. You are tenacious if nothing else. Come on, Sean Hannity, really? I thought I was more like Rush Limbaugh. Indeed, I am likely one of the most leftwing Americans you could possibly meet.

However, I know this was meant in the pejorative sense, but simply because I have edges that scratch doesn’t ipso facto make my arguments erroneous. We both know that I understand perfectly well what this article is about. Sadly, you have demonstrated what so many others before have done. You simply either don’t understand what I have written or you ignore what I have written. Did you look up the Dunning-Kruger Effect? My initial charge that this was an anti-intellectual rant is simply for the fact that Scott set the tone when he stated “I feel qualified to write this essay as I’m a recovering smart person myself and I’ve defended several very bad ideas.” And my point on this hasn’t changed: smart people usually recognize when they’ve erred and usually correct their mistakes. It is stupid people who don’t and books, it is also stupid people who are arrogant and refuse to change their opinion. To argue otherwise is idiotic; thus my reference to essay, the Dunning-Kruger Effect. Moreover, Scott stated that “if you learn a few tricks of logic and jet report books, debate, you can refute the national honor society service, obvious, and defend the ridiculous.” Strangely, I can think of jet report books, a thousand instances wherein stupid people defend really bad ideas, and despite a plethora of evidence to the contrary they will remain steadfast in their position.

Indeed, evidence bounces from them like water off of a duck (excuse the of a person, exhausted idiom). However, Scott then goes on to refute himself when he states that these “smart people” (who he asserts are really dumb) keep on fooling people “until they come face to books, face with someone who is writing, tenacious enough to dissect their logic, and resilient enough to endure the thinly veiled intellectual abuse they dish out during debate.” Indeed, this sounds like he means someone who is erudite and has the jet report, requisite knowledge to dissect bad ideas. Bullshit is pregnancy, bullshit and no amount of jet report, intellectual sleight of for integrative psychosynthesis, hand will change this. He then goes on to sort of confirm what I am saying when he states that “the wise and skeptical know that even an jet report infinite number of data points in the past may only have limited bearing on the future.” Yes, so true and it is the how to, dumb people who fail to see this. In the end, I am not going to keep going round and round with every newcomer who jumps on this site and wants to take me on. I have said what I have needed to say. I think he used this as a catchy theme but this essay can really only make sense when one replaces the word dumb where Scott means smart. Jet Report? Be well! P.S. This is not meant as a condemnation of Scott but rather my general frustration with America’s perpetual fliritng with the anti-intellectual. Steve, if i had anything better to do i would be doing it. i live in honor society the country with no close neighbors or people to talk to, and i find this topic very interesting. two things: what bad idea are you rejecting ? and… a smart guy is hiking in the woods and comes upon a rushing stream that he wants to jet report books, cross. he evaluates the resume, situation and books, deems it risky. he knows that there is a potential for death by drowning. he attempts to cross anyway. has this ever happened ? why ? none of re vision centre, your posts address this. Jet Report? you keep attacking Scott as being anti-intellectual. even if he is, it is narrative essay pregnancy, not the subject of this essay. also as you say ” smart people usually recognize when they’ve erred and usually correct their mistakes.” i think that scott explained that , that was exactly what he was doing in writing the essay. another point, i don’t think we are talking about mistakes, but deliberately doing something that you know is jet report books, a bad idea. i’m sorry but i do not agree with your assessment of this essay. your anger and for integrative, frustration have lead you down the wrong path to the point that you are arguing politics and social issues with potential allies. probably not a good idea and again an example of jet report books, what Scott is talking about.

Steve, The Dunning–Kruger effect is a psychological effect in which people don’t realize their level of knowledge on a subject. People who know little about a subject think that they know more than they actually know. People who know a lot about of a, a subject think that they know less than they do. The more you know about jet report, a subject, the less you think you know about it. But the source in an essay, more you know about jet report books, a subject, the better you know how well you know the subject. you’ll have to centre for integrative psychosynthesis, tie this all together for me. Books? what are you saying ? this is writing, about specific subjects and doesn’t correlate with an overall IQ. Jet Report? it does explain why dumb or ignorant people might be arrogant and writing resume, inflexible. it does not address why a smart person would behave this way (defending bad ideas), ignoring their intellect and jet report books, common sense. Good God you are frustrating! You read a few sentences and somehow think you now understand the Dunning-Kruger Effect. Writing Resume? On Wiki, under the section titled “Historical Antecedents” why then do they quote the books, late, great Bertrand Russell who said “One of the honor essay examples service, painful things about our time is that those who feel certainty are stupid, and those with any imagination and understanding are filled with doubt and jet report, indecision[?]” I mentioned the Dunning-Kruger Effect because smart people aren’t the resume person, issue but rather dumb people. As I said, essentially everywhere Scott wrote the word “smart” one should replace it with the word “dumb.”

Religious people are a perfect example of books, this. Despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary people just keep on believin’ because Jesus is coming back, and how to paragraph, those pesky scientists will soon see; how about the 911 conspiracy theorists; how about non-GMO foods, or people who reject immunizations? I suppose all of these people are really smart people. Books? Read Russell’s quote, drink it in, think a moment, and ask yourself why Russell wrote what he wrote. oh snap ! i just realized (can you be smart but slow ? ) that Steve totally blew me off in his last post ! who do you think you are Wyatt Earp? i may be a newcomer but i came here looking for answers to a social question, not to take down the local quick draw. you’re funny dude, be well also and if your time is writing the perfect resume, so precious, it is probably a bad idea to waste it here. Steve, first: you can stop responding any time you want. second: i told you that you would have to tie it all together for books me as i didn’t and still don’t get your point (Dunning-Kruger Effect ) as it concerns this essay. i will not repeat this again, this essay is not about national honor society essay examples, dumb (low mental capacity) or ignorant people. i know why they do what they do. and jet report, YES they do behave in the same manner. why do YOU do things that are bad ideas ? BTW you never answer questions but change the subject. your main weapon is “If You Can’t Dazzle Them With Brilliance, Baffel Them with Bull Shit” and is yet another tactic described in this essay. you see i know why people like my mom think the way they do, or i’m learning a lot in that direction. an interesting article is at and explains the southern myth. it goes hand in hand with a couple of Scott’s answers. Psychosynthesis? Tradition and Wanting to books, believe that something was different than it really was. Religion is resume of a person, a huge factor. these are people that are not dumb but choose to ignore their own best interest, logic, intellect, and books, common sense.

Why? if i get you right, you are saying these cultured, educated, high IQ, individuals aren’t actually smart. You’d be an interesting person to have a face to face with. This is not the best way to communicate. We’re simply talking past one another. No, as I have been saying you aren’t getting me at all. I am not saying as you think “if i get you right, you are saying these cultured, educated, high IQ, individuals aren’t actually smart.” No, I am saying they are smart. National Examples Service? Do you now concede you’ve missed what I said? Steve, look i know you can write a long post. Jet Report? i may not be tenacious enough to stick with you. answers from in an, you are hard to come by but you were pretty quick to point a finger. if they are smart, why do they do what they do ? i’m not very educated so you will have to jet report books, speak plainly and state your position clearly and i promise i will read it with an open mind. and yes i must have missed something because i don’t have any idea what you are talking about. except that you feel that america is being dumbed down, religion is how to write, out of control, stupid people are running things and making bad decisions, and books, push one bad idea on top of another, and so on… i get that. Psychosynthesis? i am not asking about those things. BTW we have to hammer this out before monday (or not) cause my new guitar is arriving then and i guaranty i won’t be here. You seem a nice guy. In truth, you have done me a great service.

I don’t mean any disrespect but you have made my point much better than I have. Enjoy that new guitar because that was a skill I desperately wanted but could never master. now the condescension. what are you bailing out ? am i too stupid to bother with ? if you didn’t want to be understood, why did you post in the first place ? i’ll start over. you answer the books, question. why do smart people defend bad ideas ? if smart people are more aware of their deficient knowlegde on any given subject , why then would they defend an idea in which they knew their knowledge was deficient and had huge stakes at a persuasive five, risk? i think that the answer is jet report, that there is a personal pay off of some kind. Honor Society Examples Service? ego, money, social status, religion, tradition, conformism (if that is a word, everybody wants to books, be seen as the writing, exemplary american and are even intimidated into line) , and what have you. if you read the article i posted you will see that a large part is jet report, just wanting things to as you want , not as they are. Resume? i think scott nailed it. so just answer one more question, the title of this essay. Steve, Scott, and anyone who has been following this : I found this site doing a google search using precisely the same question as the jet report books, title of in an essay, this essay. I found it to jet report, agree with what i have been thinking, and thought it might be useful in tag a source practice during conversation at family gatherings. i consider my family to be smart and don’t understand why they think the way they do. we were raised together by the same parents, same schools, same church, many of the same friends, and so on. why am i so different ? and it is jet report books, troubling because i don’t want to of a person, be different. Jet Report Books? i want to fit in but can not accept biased, bigoted, illogical, superior , holier than thou, attitude of my family. of particular trouble is the fact that i was raised in re vision for integrative the deep researching southern antebellum times, is where i started to figure out what was going on. i should say that my saving grace is that i MOVED, to an area with tremendous ethnic and cultural diversity. the confederate ” Lost Cause” and the myth of the old south is jet report books, a perfect example of how my family thinks. How To Source In An? it also fits perfectly with Scott’s premise. so i agree with Scott and thank him for the info on books how to re vision psychosynthesis, deal with them. I jumped into this thread when i read Steve Thomas’s posts. Although i probably agree with him on most political and social issues, i thought he was doing exactly what Scott was talking about. he started his post with “I seem to be one of the books, sole dissenting voices here”. that is not a typo. he went directly to belittlement, and superiority . next came an accusation of straw man tactics and he presented his own straw came preaching from authority and narrative on teenage, name calling. then came anger and jet report books, dismissal . next came a left field comment about america and a hint at the H-G effect (that i believe to be irrelevant to this discussion) which he refers to later many times. this is all in his first post (or at least one post). Tag A? somehow he has interpreted this essay as a shot at jet report books, intellectuals. i decided to try an experiment and try to re vision, use scott’s tactics. i’m afraid i did poorly but i don’t think i am wrong. that brings us to what i learned. i have a need to be right, but more than being right , i need to keep the jet report books, conversation going. i am lonely and bored and think i have an for integrative intuitive sense that lets me see through BS and know what is right. Jet Report? i also think that i know what i don’t know, but also realize that unknown is unknown and therefore i am ignorant on writing the perfect resume many topics and i can and i do, stupid things.

However for me, i always try to default to the least risk, when considering any direction. i already knew i had a short temper. so thanks scott, i think having read this , it will help me. Steve we are simpatico on almost everything but this essay, and jet report books, any who has read these posts, i would really be interested in reading what you might think about it all. Yes, indeed, you are arguing the typical “Sarah Palinesque” folksy, whimsical, appealing to the “smart” common man. Essay On Teenage? The common sense argument which is jet report, more often than not employed as a logical fallacy. Once again, I hold up your post as perfect evidence to my previous points. What you describe as a smart person actually is honor society essay service, considered an ignorant where I come from. Unfortunately ignorance is spreading. Did you realize how fashionable zombie shows have become recently, you see the jet report, connection? Well, I actually typed why people questioned other people on google and on the search results, I clicked on this link instead.

And I must say this is a very interesting read. hey steve, couldn’t stay away i see. it seems that you’ve been at this comment page for three years. How To In An? talk about tenacious. was that palin remark because i compared your arguing to jet report, sean hannity ? the of a person, newness of my guitar has worn off so i checked in. my common sense comes from experience, and i have experienced folks (is that folksy enough ?) like you all too often. It doesn’t hurt that i like to read. i have admitted that i have a need to books, be correct. Re Vision Centre? it makes me feel superior, and while that might be vain, it feels good. i think your need stems from jet report books, your education. it probably cost a lot, time and money, and you would have been stupid to have obtained it if it wasn’t worth the re vision centre for integrative psychosynthesis, cost. your experience in debate does not translate to books, common sense in source essay real situations. that is presumptuous of books, me, but is my guess. in your first paragraph, in how to a persuasive five your first post you say..” Okay, let me get this straight; if another person proved a “smart person” wrong by jet report books using logic then the other person is a smart person, so how do we know that the other person isn’t simply defending another bad idea. “… we don’t , they might both be wrong, using flawed logic, but that is not the question. Five Paragraph Essay? i think that to understand each other we should start over. how would you answer the books, question posed by this essay. without attacking the author or changing the question ? BTW, if anyone is Palinesque, it is you. avoid the writing resume, question, attack, declare everyone unable to comprehend, change the subject, and patronize. this might be the pot calling the kettle black, but you definitely have a superiority complex. It is a rather curious rhetorical device when we accuse our interlocutors of what we ourselves are guilty. Touche my friend, indeed, I see that you could not stay away either. This is akin to when Fox News refers to jet report books, other media organizations as being “main stream.” Right-o . Tag A Source In An? . . and books, the Christian Right is a persecuted minority. You seem to writing resume, think that we’re talking past one another but it is clear to jet report books, me that you’re simply not listening. I have stated and restated my main point. I have simply asserted that in most instances where Scott has written the word “smart” one could replace it with the word “dumb.” In fact, even HongChi noted that “What you describe as a smart person actually is considered an ignorant where I come from.” It seems he is tag a source essay, asserting the same thing I have been.

I don’t know why this is so difficult to jet report books, accept, but the beating I have taken over re vision for integrative this is interesting. I have admitted that I can be brusque and even apologized to Scott, but this hero worshipping is, in itself, reminiscent of the books, mentality of the how to tag a source in an, Jesus-camp fodder. Lastly, the very fact that you, like Sarah Palin and so many of her ilk, like to evoke common sense tells me a lot. Jet Report Books? Let me be unequivocal here: evoking common sense in national honor society examples service an argument is a sure sign of jet report books, bovine excrement. Person? As I have noted repeatedly, this appeal to common sense is jet report, uniquely American and almost always wrong. Honor Society? 800 years ago it was common sense that the jet report books, sun orbited the earth—even our senses are fooled by this astronomical mirage—but science has since proved common sense wrong. If you want a great example of how to source, a smart person defending a bad idea then one need not look any further than Francis Collins who is the director at NIH. P.S.

Here is a good website for jet report you to of a, examine: P.P.S. Please try to use capitals and paragraph spacing as it makes for much easier reading. steve, you first invoked “common sense argument”. The term common sense , based on a strict deconstruction of the term, refers to what people in common would agree on: that which they intuit (“sense”) as their common natural understanding. The term is jet report books, also used to refer to narrative essay on teenage, beliefs or propositions that, in the user’s opinion, would in most people’s experience be prudent and of sound judgment, without dependence upon esoteric knowledge, study, or research, but based upon jet report books knowledge believed, by resume of a person the person using the term, to be held by books people “in common.” common sense IS sometimes wrong, that is why i read opposing opinions, but i know that the tree in of a the forest made a sound when it fell even though i wasn’t there. i was simply stating that i do not need to books, show my credentials ((i.e., I have been at source in an, the debating game too long I have spent my life debating and thinking carefully about issues and books, I can tell you unequivocally that it is almost always the loudest and proudest who are certain of writing the perfect, their positions(could this be you ?); these are usually loudmouthed, poorly educated ignoramuses who spout what they saw on Fox News. I too am a university graduate with a philosophy degree, so I know exactly what he’s talking about)) to make a point. you can not read about BS and jet report books, know how it smells. then you throw out the how to write a persuasive, Dunning-Kruger Effect , told me to read about it, and when i did , you said i couldn’t possibly understand it. well aren’t you special. Books? i realize that we are both evidently liberal, and my reference to hannity was only about your style, not content. the palin thing was uncalled for so i felt compelled to send it back to you. yes, i AM back. i have admitted that i enjoy this, but i will not linger for three years on national honor society examples this. i was , and am still , looking for conversation, as i am starved where i live. i get that you reject scott’s premise. i just wanted to hear your explanation, in your own words, as succinctly as possible , as in your version of the essay. if you really want to be understood, that might do it. i don’t type and am obviously poor at sentence construction, but i use spell check and you should be able to read my posts fine. my last question is, if you ” Admittedly, I do not have much patience any more as I have been at the debating game too long,” why are you here ? I have read this entire thread, and books, I must say your argumentative skills are astounding. I think I’m similar to you, but I don’t posses the in-depth communication skills you have. Essay? I need to study those logical fallacies, though I know some. You seem like a guy with whom I could really converse. steve, the books, antonym for “smart” is stupid … not intelligent : having or showing a lack of ability to learn and understand things.

the antonym for “ignorant” is… informed. both “smart” and “stupid” people can be ignorant, scratch HongChi’s post. now i’m done with this discussion, unless you actually ask me a question. however, to change the subject alittle, i would like to essay examples, say…. you say you are a liberal, yet you are bitter, biased, bigoted, narcissistic, elitist (in your own way), condescending, patronizing, blinded by jet report your own light, and spoiling for how to write a persuasive five paragraph a fight (my assumption based on your posts). you blend right in jet report books with the tag a source, picture people like coulter, hannity, and limbaugh, paint of liberals. knock it off ! if you don’t have something constructive to jet report, say, shut the hell up. yes you have free speech but i am asking for your co-operation. don’t be like them (radical right). everything is not about left or right, like this essay, so why do you drag all the political BS into it. i am sure smart people on both sides have supported bad ideas. in today’s political environment, can liberals afford all the infighting of the kind going on in the GOP ? if you want to writing the perfect resume, discuss something that does not pertain to this essay, say like, manufacturing in america, i will tell you how to jet report books, contact me via facebook. Essay On Teenage? i would also like to books, take this opportunity to apologize for my part in this. i started it with comments intended for national honor service hughe but i apologized right away and we should have been able to put that behind us. we are potential allies in the political arena, and jet report books, it probably not a good idea to piss off your allies. i don’t intend this comment to be mean, or sarcastic, and i will not comment farther unless asked (i’m getting another new guitar so i’ll be away for awhile anyway). peace and no worries brother, jax. Really powerful piece. I’ll definitely be referring to narrative, this one multiple times till I’ve extracted all it’s inherent value.

LOL, the jet report, part on playing pool reminds me of myself as that’s the way I played … Im definitely of the greater fool variety of person, doing silly things, hating my own writing, disagreeing with myself CONSTANTLY! But! I have one definite trait, where I imagine that even though im a silly person, ive got something non silly people dont have, NON HOMOGEONOUS THINKING! Isn’t it great to be truly unique? Question the national essay, Unlogical…. Consider the Implausible. I needed; I found; my experience taught me that finding what I believe is right is as wrong as I can be. Logic is the last seduction of the thinking mind before it topples common beliefs. Logic is simplicity at jet report books, ground-level. For what I read, I’m very grateful. However, always remember that it is necessary to find the person, right level to solve the problem (I read that somewhere): you may NOT be dealing with a smart person at all.

Most people are profoundly shallow thinkers; their thinking is deeply superficial. Hi Jax and Steve, i hope you guys are still alive so that i can help close your argument! Steve’s definition of jet report books, a “dumb/stupid/ignorant person” could perfectly match his interpretation of what the how to write five paragraph, author’s “smart person” definition is. But Jax thinks that Steve is missing the point of the article an i personally think he is jet report, too. Steve, you’re facing someone YOU believe is a smart person based on your own definition of “smart”. Is that absolutely/scientifically impossible that the person you define as smart could take a bad decision? No, it isn’t. Unless you think smart people don’t intentionally take bad decisions. In theory, the of a, only person i see that wouldn’t take a bad decision would be “Jesus”.

If the smart one could indeed take a bad decision, this article is books, proposing strategies that could help them change their mind. It also tries to suggests reasons why they take those decisions. It’s not about any people taking bad decisions, it’s about people seen as smart by the reader.taking bad decisions. For fellows like me and Jax who are trying to deal with people we perceive as smart but take bad decisions, the solutions and reasoning related to this problematic are pretty interesting and seem valid. Maybe you are not interested and the subject and that makes you not read it as it is intended. How To Tag A? But if feel that beyond that, you have an strong emotional reaction toward bad decision making and books, that feeling is narrative essay, taking over, making you unable to understand the purpose of the article. So much talk about being smart. What iis a good definition of smart? is it an accumulation of books, facts memorized by contestants on a quiz show as jeopardy I don’t know. Hpw about someone out tag a source in an essay, there give a definition of smart.

Maybe this discussion might be interesting.As for myself I am not smart but I have a love for intellectual things.I must appologize for bad spelling and grrammer. I hsve spell check but it only seems to underline my mispelled words. Let me raise up a point. lets suppose we get an books Albert Einstein typo fellow whom most of us respect but he decides to plsy a trick on us and very cleverly writes a thesus on a subject but it is centre for integrative, all a clever lie. Would any of you on this forum recognize it. Books? Maybe this scenario might lead us to accept an untruth . Who knows what is going on out there. How many of you have calculated the size of the earh or the distance to the moon and all the other scientific claims out there. Essay On Teenage? After all if the jet report books, scientific community is claiming truth for its theories then we should act like scientists and check them out. There have been frauds made by narrative essay on teenage scientist out jet report books, there.

One I recall is the a persuasive five paragraph essay, piltown man.I won’t elaborate. Look it up. I am sure the other scientists check out claims,They will check the claim over books and over again. How many times does an observanxe have to repeat itself so the the scienrific community accepts ir as truth.Once again how many times does an event have fo repeat ro be a scientic truth. Let me begin by saying upfront that this is not an resume of a person attack on jet report Scott but rather a further elucidation of my initial points. In light of on teenage, some recent comments, I wanted to comment further. As I have noted, Scott seems to be a nice, smart and books, resourceful guy, so in no way am I denigrating him or his work. Resume? As such, Scott’s article has and jet report, continues to writing, generate a lot of books, interest—which is great.

That said, either my initial points were not articulated very well or they were misunderstood—perhaps a little of both. My initial reaction to his article was perhaps a little imprudent because it seemed to be in the vein of American anti-intellectualism. If there are those out there who think anti-intellectualism isn’t a serious problem for essay on teenage our country then there is little I can say to convince you otherwise. Indeed, one need look no further than the notion of “alternative facts.” Let’s begin by looking at Scott’s opening sentence: “We all know someone who’s intelligent, but who occasionally defends obviously bad ideas.” Firstly, yes, of course we do, but how many of us know obtuse people who defend bad ideas? My guess is that there are abundantly more obtuse people defending bad ideas than smart ones.

Secondly, the operative word in this sentence is “obviously” because I think it would be exceedingly rare—certainly not impossible—that a truly smart person would defend an obviously bad idea. On the other hand, let’s consider the number of people who are climate-change deniers, anti-evolutionists, conspiracy theorists, racists, or those who believe that the moon landings were faked. Indeed, the aforementioned are generally not the books, pursuits of the informed. The rejection of how to a persuasive, evidence in jet report favor of belief is how to write a persuasive paragraph essay, pure folly—the “prove-it’s-not-true” crowd. Scott then went on books to state that “if you learn a few tricks of logic and resume of a, debate, you can refute the obvious, and defend the ridiculous,” but then he immediately refutes his own statement by asserting that “if the people you’re arguing with aren’t as comfortable in the tactics of argument, or aren’t as arrogant as you are, they may even give in and agree with you.” What does he mean by the words “as comfortable?” By this does he mean educated in books the ways of logic? It seems that after all “smartness” is the narrative pregnancy, key defeating bad ideas and ignorance is the key to accepting them. As the educated know, science is not perfect but it has something quite powerful: it is self-correcting; its findings are falsifiable. Which brings me to books, my final point. Resume Of A? There is a certain irony in Scott’s article for I contend that he is defending a bad idea here—although, not an obviously bad one. Jet Report? To put it bluntly, I think Scott is resume of a person, guilty of equivocation: indeed, the smart people he describes seem dumb and the dumb ones seem smart thereby rendering either term meaningless. What then does it mean to jet report books, be smart or dumb?

According to Texas State Department of Philosophy, “The fallacy of equivocation occurs when a key term or phrase in an argument is used in an ambiguous way, with one meaning in for integrative psychosynthesis one portion of the argument and then another meaning in another portion of the argument.” This, to jet report books, me, is the irony embedded within Scott’s article, and the reason I felt compelled to a persuasive five paragraph, respond. Most of books, your article is for integrative psychosynthesis, good and informative – I came here looking for jet report answers to re vision for integrative, that very question, not only jet report being admittedly, like you, an intellectual who has ardently defended bad ideas, but also lived around and associated with other smart people who have done the how to tag a source essay, same. Most of the time, it’s harmless nonsense like “water memory”, but where it gets truly dangerous is where we see well-educated people bring forth authoritarian collectivist ideologies that violate the rights of books, other human beings – Lenin, Che, Osama bin Laden, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi – these are/were all very educated individuals who championed vile, murderous ideologies, similarly to the students who brought about the tyrannical reign of Mao in Red China or the Ayatollah in Iran. This is where “I’m smart, so I can never be wrong” turns into writing, zealous, religious self-righteousness (ironically, even among atheists – see every Communist regime ever), and a person who thinks they can never be wrong on moral/ethical matters is a person who can justify the most monstrous atrocities in the name of some “greater good” (how often do we hear *that* b.s. excuse to infringe someone else’s rights these days?). Speaking of, as to your sideswipe at books, “free market economy and a persuasive five essay, democracy”, you know as well as I do that “Well, maybe.” is a weak, lazy argument, and books, considering the rest of the article, I expected better from you. America’s been around for 240 years and yeah, the “points of data” we have from that timespan, as compared to resume of a person, our chief competitors in nations suffering under Marxism or Sharia law show that our way of books, civilization is objectively, demonstratably superior. I don’t say this out of baseless chauvinism for Western Civilization either – look up “nations by quality of life” if you don’t believe me. Or better yet, look at where people are migrating en masse to society service, and where they’re getting the hell out of. Hmm, I wonder if there’s a *reason* why America is still the #1 destination for immigrants like myself? His remedy closely approximates a process I’m aware of called “problems of comparable magnitude” which I think is better used for jet report books when there are those who think they have insoluble problems.

Asking someone “what problem will that create? Oh yeah? Well what problem will that create.. Service? or openly inviting them in using step by step scientific method in conversation etc to a problem someone has gets the creative gears spinning and they will become less stubborn and jet report books, maybe find new solutions with their creativity rehabilitated. But It’s the lessening of stubbornness in covertly asserting ones right to openly speak logically using any sort of problem solving I find will not work in the long run. Essay On Teenage? This will only produce ignorance in someone which will probably provoke more defense of wrongnesses in the future I find.

I don’t have a College degree but what I think is missing from books, this essay is that spiritual beings cannot sometimes admit they are wrong. It’s their only survival. Writing The Perfect Resume? It’s their last line defense (depending on their integrity as a being.) The best remedy to handle someone who keeps doing something the wrong way or defending bad ideas is to rehabilitate their ability to jet report books, be right. But using this reference. You simply ask “what is right about how to tag a source, (wrongness)?” Gently enough and often enough and they will cease completely in their defense of wrongnesses. If you like that article you will like the jet report, one I linked.

Intriguing topic, thank you. But you might have overlooked the following important reason smart peaple defend bad ideas: maybe thet are – sometimes – not capable of having better ideas. So, it is national essay examples, not just that they defend them, they also “have” bad ideas. You consider the limits of our evolved brains, but you do not discuss the inherent complexity of many of the things smart people want to have an idea about (the nature of the universe and jet report, consciousness may be prototypical examples). National Essay? It is jet report, not only the problem of short sightedness and an inability to think long term, it is resume of a person, not only the future that is hard to predict, but it are many aspects of current and past reality as well that are hard to grasp. So it is jet report, a more general problem, of narrative, which the jet report, inability to think long term is just one case. So, if some aspect of reality is hard to how to source, grasp, why just not say “I have no idea”, rather than formulating a bad idea? Well, never a horse couldn’t be rode, never a rider couldn’t be throwed. […] Why smart people defend bad ideas […] […] man’, maybe that is why? Also apparently smart people like to be right even to books, the point of defending bad ideas according to Scott Berkun who considers himself a recovering smart […] […] most people misunderstand human interactions: if a girl is nice to resume, a guy, she’s into him; if you agree with someone, you are TOTALLY disagreeing with the other side of the discussion. Books? There is that misunderstanding because there […]

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Privacy policy enforced by my Rotweiller. Welcome to re vision centre for integrative, the best blog you’ve ever seen at this URL: here are 7 reasons you’ll want to come back. Instant delight awaits in trying one of Berkun’s best posts of all space and time. Dare Berkun to answer a question on any topic, and vote on jet report which one he answers this week. You'll find a lot to national society, steal from this short, inspiring guide to being creative. Made me want to get up and make stuff! - Austin Kleon, author of How To Steal Like An Artist. “Thought-provoking read, and highly recommended…” – Thomas Duff. The Year Without Pants: #038; the Future of Work. “If you want to think differently about jet report, entrepreneurship, management, or life in general, read this book.” — Tim Ferriss. Mindfire: Big Ideas for Curious Minds. “The ideas contained in the essays are persuasive and it’s a fun, well focused read. ” — Simon Moore.

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10 Resume Tips From A Legal Recruiter. Ed. note : This is the latest installment in a series of posts on lateral partner moves from Lateral Link’s team of books, expert contributors. Abby Gordon is a Director with Lateral Link’s New York office. Abby works with attorney candidates on law firm and in-house searches, primarily in New York, Boston, and Europe. Society Essay. Prior to jet report, joining Lateral Link, Abby spent seven years as a corporate associate with Cleary Gottlieb, focusing on re vision, capital markets transactions for Latin American clients in New York and for jet report books, the last five years for European clients in Paris. Centre For Integrative. A native of jet report books, Boston, Abby holds a J.D., cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center and narrative essay pregnancy a B.A. in government and romance languages, magna cum laude, from books, Dartmouth College. Abby also worked with the writing resume, International Rescue Committee as a Fulbright Scholar in Madrid, Spain. She is a member of the New York Bar and jet report is fluent in how to in an essay, French and Spanish (and dabbles in Portuguese and Italian).

As a legal recruiter, I review numerous resumes each week in an effort to assist my candidates with the substance and books presentation of their one-page life summaries. Here are ten tips based on the most common problems I see and questions I am asked: 1. Resume. Assume no one will read your resume word-for-word. Picture your interviewer pulling your resume off the printer and reading only what he can in the time it takes to walk back to his office. You need to books, make the most important stuff jump off the writing resume, page. Use bold. Use bullet points. Use headings. Books. Give some thought to the format that will convey the necessary information in the most logical way.

2. Be concise and make every word count. Society Essay. This is related to Tip #1. You want the most important stuff to jump off the page, but every word on your resume should serve the purpose of showing that you are the best candidate for the specific job. It’s just one page. Jet Report. 3. Tailor your resume to the specific job.

Keep in the forefront of person, your mind that you are applying for a legal job. Do not view “updating” your resume as merely adding to the same document you first created 20 years ago. Delete information that is no longer relevant #8212; remember, every last word should serve the purpose of jet report, getting you this job. If you are applying to 10 general litigation openings, one version may be just fine. How To A Persuasive Five Paragraph. But if you are applying to some general litigation spots and some patent litigation spots, you may want to have two versions of your resume, with each tailored to the specific opening or category of opening. 4. Be sure you can talk intelligently about every last thing you include on your resume. If you can no longer remember the main argument of your senior thesis from college, delete it from your resume or refresh your memory before any interviews.

You also must be prepared to jet report, talk about the any legal matters you claim to have worked on, including about the society examples service, underlying legal issues. 5. When describing your legal experience, give concrete examples . Instead of jet report books, merely asserting that you are a capital markets lawyer, note that you “Drafted the underwriting agreement as lead associate representing the in an, underwriters in jet report, the offering of $300 million in floating rate notes by a large U.S. A Persuasive Essay. manufacturing company.” Even if you have a separate representative matters sheet, it may be helpful to include a few bullets points showing this experience in your actual resume as well. And remember from jet report, Tip #2, every word counts. Don’t use neutral words where a more positive word could convey more meaning. For example, which is how to five more powerful, stating that you “worked on” a project or that you “successfully implemented” a project? 6. Be sure all information is up-to-date. If you are no longer on a committee, delete it from jet report books, your resume or indicate the re vision for integrative, proper dates. Change the verbs (“represent,” “draft,” “negotiate”) from the descriptions of your prior jobs to the past tense (“represented,” “drafted,” “negotiated”). No longer fluent in French?

Be accurate in the assessment of your language ability as of today, not as of mid-way through your junior year abroad. 7. Additional Information: Space is jet report a commodity, but you should still make room for two or three lines that show you are a human being and not just a robot. Source In An. Include a few interests (but be sure they are real interests of yours and not aspirational hobbies). Maybe you and one of the interviewers will find you have a hobby in common. If nothing else, this “fluff” gives interviewers some material for a few softball questions to break the ice or end the interview on a lighter note. Aside from true interests/hobbies, include language abilities, bar admissions, and memberships/affiliations so long as you are an jet report books, active and not just passive participant in national examples, these organizations. Remember the essential test: “Can you talk intelligently about it if asked?” If someone asks about your membership in jet report, an alumni network, will you state proudly that you assisted in the perfect, raising $500,000 in alumni contributions for jet report, a scholarship fund or will you cower in your chair and confess that you are on the e-mail list for the committee but have yet to attend a meeting? 8. Education first or work experience first? This is a common question.

Remember Tip #1 #8212; you want the most important stuff to jump off the how to paragraph essay, page. Jet Report Books. So if you went to the perfect resume, a top law school, you may want to list education first. Jet Report Books. If your law school was not as highly ranked but you somehow landed a job at Wachtell, list work experience first. In the case of a tie, I’d go with work experience first. 9. The squint test : It seems a bit unsophisticated but it works. On Teenage. Tape your resume to a wall about 10 feet away or just hold it far out in front of jet report books, you and re vision for integrative psychosynthesis squint. Jet Report Books. Does the balance of national society service, black and white on the page make your eyes happy? Is there much too much dense text? Or way too much white space? If you’ve ever strung lights on a Christmas tree, it’s the same principle. Squint and jet report books then follow your instincts.

10. Proofread your resume carefully. Then proofread it again. Then ask a friend to society examples service, proofread it. And another friend. And your legal recruiter. Then proofread it again. Nothing screams “Don’t hire me!” like a glaring typo or spelling mistake. 10?. Here’s a freebie.

It’s not the most important tip unless… well if it is, you know who you are. You know that photo of books, you in the Bahamas in national essay service, your bikini? Shirtless? You remember how you uploaded it to your Google profile? And now you list your Gmail address on your resume? Well guess what… When I am e-mailing you at your Gmail address, yes, I can see that photo of you in the right-hand sidebar on my screen.

If I can see it, so can the recruiting coordinator and so can the partner at the firm where you’re interviewing. Oh, and one more thing: your Twitter feed will also now show up on the right-hand sidebar. I’m not asking you to stop using social media. But if you are indiscriminate about your tweets, think about setting up a separate e-mail address for the job search process. There is not just one right way of designing a resume. But there are wrong ways. Look at models but don’t just copy someone else’s. This singular piece of paper is your key to getting your foot in the door in the next step of jet report, your career… or not. National Honor Society Examples Service. It’s worth spending a few extra hours getting it right. Lateral Link is one of the top-rated international legal recruiting firms.

With over 14 offices world-wide, Lateral Link specializes in placing attorneys at the most prestigious law firms in the world. Managed by former practicing attorneys from top law schools, Lateral Link has a tradition of hiring lawyers to jet report, execute the lateral leaps of practicing attorneys. Click ::here:: to national honor essay, find out more about us. Sign up for our newsletter. Senior Attorney Fired For Cruel Commentary On Las Vegas Shooting. Hey Jeff Sessions, THIS Is How You Deal With Protesters At A Law School. The Ugliest Law Schools In America. Law Firm Partners Face 20+ Years In Prison On Bribery, Wire Fraud And Other Charges. You Can#8217;t Keep A Good Justice Down. Jet Report. What Were You Thinking? Equifax GC Probed For Executive Stock Sales Before Public Learned Of Breach.

How Consultants Recommend Cutting Legal Bills. Attorney Fatally Wounded During Las Vegas Mass Shooting. Interviewing Advice For People Who Hate To Interview. How Yoga Practice Helps You Keep Calm In Stressful Situations. Does The Constitution Apply To Immigrants? Supreme Court Will Start To Sort That Out. Woman Abandons Law Degree To Become Porn Star. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg Still LOVES Being Called #8216;The Notorious R.B.G.#8217; Subscribe and get breaking news, commentary, and opinions on law firms, lawyers, law schools, lawsuits, judges, and more. Breaking Media Editor at Large. Sign up for on teenage, our newsletter.

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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Presentation and Management in jet report books, the Haitian American Child. A case study of a young Haitian American is presented that is illustrative of cultural issues that influence care of those with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Medications are the preferred treatment for ADHD and can be combined with psychological intervention. Resume Person! However, many Haitians and Haitian Americans see psychoactive medications as leading to substance abuse or mental illness. Efficacious psychosocial treatments include contingency management, parent training, and behavior therapy; cognitive-behavioral treatment has not been helpful. Jet Report! Complementary and alternative medicine might have appeal; primary care physicians can help families to assess such treatments and not to be enticed by expensive ones of how to write essay, little benefit. A determinant of the treatment a family pursues is their perception of the cause of the ADHD behaviors.

While there is no term for ADHD in the Haitian-Creole language, in the Haitian culture the behaviors consistent with the books diagnosis might be interpreted as indicating a poorly raised child whose behavior could be modified by parental discipline, an intentionally bad child, or a psychically victimized child suffering from an #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; condition. #x0201c;Natural#x0201d; ailments are attributed to of a person natural forces (e.g., wind, temperature), while #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; ones are attributed to bad spirits or punishment by God. Families may #x0201c;lift their feet#x0201d; ( Leve pye nou : to see a Hougan or voodoo priest) to determine the unnatural cause. Haitian Americans often combine therapeutic foods that are considered cold in jet report books, nature, natural sedatives and purgatives from herbal medicine, religious treatments, and how to write five paragraph Western medicine. Jet Report! Immigrants often lack support of pregnancy, extended families in an environment not supportive of their interpretation of child behaviors and traditionally accepted parental disciplinary style. Stigma, language, cultural conceptions, concerns about governmental agencies, and physician bias can all be barriers to care for immigrant families. Primary care and jet report behavioral integration are useful in managing families from other cultures. More than ever in honor society essay, the United States, it is nearly impossible to jet report find a medical practice with a patient population that does not include cultural and of a person ethnic diversity. While this reality is broadly recognized, clinicians and patients often face challenges in communicating with one another regarding health concerns. Books! These challenges may be due in part to cultural differences in writing, understanding and interpreting illness.

The importance of books, cultural issues on mental health care was highlighted in 2000 in the first-ever Surgeon General's report on mental health. 1 National efforts at education in cultural competency have taken root in various ways in medical centers, practice groups, teaching institutions, and community health centers. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed chronic mental conditions of resume of a person, childhood. Books! ADHD has a large genetic component to its etiology, 2, 3 and alterations in the noradrenergic and dopamine systems lead to dysfunction in higher cortical processing related to attention, alertness, and executive functions (e.g., planning, working memory, abstract reasoning, mental flexibility). 4. ADHD has been reported in all continents of the world. Prevalence studies for many countries do not exist; however, studies have been conducted in China, Thailand, Israel, Turkey, Brazil, India, Puerto Rico, and Mexico. 5 Although the signs and centre psychosynthesis symptoms of ADHD are basically the same in jet report books, these diverse countries, they each represent a different ethno-socio-cultural context in centre, which the condition is interpreted and responded to by patients, their families, caring professionals, and others. 6 Several recent studies demonstrate that in 40#x00025; to 70#x00025; of children, ADHD persists into adulthood. 7, 8. Although ADHD has been well established as a condition in books, children worldwide, the subtler question of how the interpretation of symptoms and write paragraph essay behaviors varies between locales remains elusive.

Studies describing the interpretation of ADHD symptoms in books, different cultures are extremely limited. Narrative Essay! African American parents have been shown to be more unsure of the potential causes and treatments of ADHD and less likely to connect the school system to jet report ADHD issues than white parents. 9 In another school-based study, white children with ADHD were twice as likely as African American children to receive evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment, and the threshold of parental recognition and the perfect resume seeking of jet report, services contributed to this discrepancy. 10 In a third study, African American children were identified with ADHD symptoms at higher rates than white children. 11 Compared to white teachers, African American teachers rated children as presenting more ADHD symptoms. National Examples! 12 A similar study compared Hispanic teachers' and books non-Hispanic white teachers' assessments of person, hyperactive-inattentive behaviors portrayed in standardized tapes of white and Hispanic children. Hispanic teachers were more likely than white teachers to score Hispanic students above the clinical cutoffs for books ADHD. 13 Whether such discrepancies are due to ethnic differences in behavior, limitations in the cross-cultural validity of diagnostic measures, or bias in raters' assessments of behavior is uncertain. More than 2 million Haitian Americans reside in the United States, and this cultural group has a presence in every state.

The following case study of a young Haitian American illustrates the cultural issues that can influence the care of a person with ADHD and the difficulties that can result from culturally based disagreement or inadequate communication between medical professionals, educators, social service personnel, and families. Mr. A is a 25-year-old man with a history of ADHD. He was an overactive child from early infancy, and his parents initially attributed his exuberant behavior to the natural tendencies of the perfect resume, his sex. Jet Report Books! Mr. How To Write Five Essay! A's parents tried their best to keep his behavior under control by books, corralling him in essay, his crib, verbally disciplining him, and occasionally spanking him. From when Mr. A was 3 years of jet report books, age, his parents became increasingly aware of his hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inability to follow directions. Throughout his pre-school years, he was repeatedly suspended from school and write a persuasive five essay was forced to move from jet report books one school to the next. In his community, he developed a reputation for how to tag a being mal #x000e9;lev#x000e9; #x02014;a French term for #x0201c;badly reared,#x0201d; which in turn reflected negatively on his parents within their extended family and community.

At age 5, Mr. A was diagnosed by a specialist as having ADHD. His parents accepted counseling to help manage their son's condition, but declined the use of medication. Later, during his elementary school years, another clinical assessment confirmed the diagnosis of ADHD. This time, Mr. A's mother accepted the jet report books use of medication, but stopped it and refused to consider any other medication when side effects placed Mr.

A into writing resume a #x0201c;zombie-like#x0201d; state that included sluggishness, difficulty sleeping, and jet report loss of appetite. When Mr. A's parents halted his medication, school staff registered their concern with the Department of Social Services by filing a child neglect report. Mr. For Integrative! A's parents were evaluated for social services; however, these services included no interpreter, nor economic or social support. His parents were placed on the defensive all the jet report time and began to feel threatened, stating that #x0201c;the focus was no longer on #x0005b;Mr. How To Write Five Essay! A's#x0005d; condition, but on our parental abilities.#x0201d; As a result, to attend to Mr. A and coordinate his care, his mother stopped working outside the home. Unable to navigate the books different agencies that had become involved with their family, and believing a more disciplinary and controlled environment might help, Mr.

A's parents first sent him to Haiti to live with grandparents and 1 year later sent him to society essay service a Haitian boarding school. Neither environment had an effect on his behavior. Jet Report Books! Two years later, when he returned to live with his parents in the United States, his father built his own life around a tight schedule to tutor, mentor, and supervise Mr. A's school activities. Mr. A eventually graduated from high school, but was unfocused and performed poorly in the classroom. After graduation, Mr. Five! A participated in jet report books, several training programs but has yet to complete one. He continues to be hyperactive and unfocused. At work, he is known as a #x0201c;good guy#x0201d; who regularly jumps to defend coworkers, a behavior that often costs him his own employment.

His parents are finally convinced that medication would be beneficial, but Mr. A refuses to take medications and denies his disorder. WHAT DIAGNOSTIC STRATEGIES ARE USEFUL IN PRIMARY CARE PRACTICE TO CONFIRM THE DIAGNOSIS OF ADHD? Table 1 lists the DSM-IV criteria for the 3 subtypes of ADHD. These are (1) predominantly inattentive (has at least 6 of 9 inattention behaviors), (2) predominantly hyperactive-impulsive (has at least 6 of 9 hyperactive-impulsive behaviors), and (3) combined (has at centre for integrative psychosynthesis, least 6 of 9 for jet report both inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behaviors). Due to their ability to function with ADHD during adolescence, children with the inattentive subtype of ADHD tend to be the how to tag a source essay easiest group to manage and are the least likely to have recurring problems; however, they often are the hardest to diagnose.

Hyperactivity behaviors often start by jet report books, a child's fourth birthday, peak around age 7 to re vision centre psychosynthesis 8 years, and decrease greatly by jet report, adolescence. Impulsive behaviors follow the same early course, but rather than declining in adolescence, remain a problem for life. 7, 14, 15 Impulsive behaviors in national examples, adolescence may result in books, problem drinking and drug use, and impulsive spending in adulthood. In contrast to hyperactivity and national society essay examples service impulsivity, inattention often does not become evident until age 8 or 9 years, but, like impulsivity, then remains a problem for life. By DSM-IV criteria, the onset of symptoms must occur before the jet report books age of 7 years, persist for at least 6 months, be present in more than 1 setting (e.g., school, home, after-school program), and be excessive for the development level of the child. In addition, an individual's behaviors should affect at least 1 aspect of life, such as the school, family, or work environment. As with Mr. A, ADHD commonly disrupts daily functioning and development in multiple areas.

The diagnostic differential for resume many of the behaviors found in ADHD includes emotional and behavioral problems (e.g., depression, anxiety disorders including obsessive-compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder, conduct disorder) developmental problems (e.g., learning disabilities, mental retardation, conditions such as fragile X syndrome), and medical conditions (e.g., sensory deficits, seizures, fetal alcohol syndrome, thyroid disorders). For recent immigrants, these conditions may present at an age beyond that commonly encountered by jet report, American clinicians. Environmental concerns and experiences can also lead to behaviors mimicking ADHD and can be particularly difficult to define in recent immigrants. 16, 17 These include culturally different parenting approaches, parental psychopathology, stressful home environment, lack of experience with the American school environment, inadequate language skills, and child abuse or neglect. 18 A substantial number of individuals with ADHD will also have comorbid psychiatric conditions (e.g., depression, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities).

A variety of rating scales are available and helpful in evaluating children (see; however, most of these have been validated in referral populations rather than primary care settings and may not be generalizable to immigrant populations. These scales include ones for use by clinicians, parents, and teachers. Also, collecting information from other settings (e.g., summer programs, after-school programs) may provide additional helpful insight, particularly if the rater is from how to tag a source essay a background similar to the patient, but not a family member. For older patients who do not recall enough about their childhood, clinicians should have them speak to books relatives to gather their childhood histories. The Perfect Resume! For example, clues to onset before age 7 years might include being held back or suspended in early school years, old report cards indicating behavior problems, or stories of being difficult to control. Scales for adults (e.g., the jet report books Wender Utah Rating Scale, 19 also available in French 20 ; the Copeland Symptom Checklist for Attention Deficit Disorders 21 ; the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale 22 ) can be useful, but yield large numbers of false positives and cannot be relied on for diagnosis without supportive evidence from clinical assessment. 23.

Treatment approaches to ADHD include an array of psychotropic medications, behavioral and psychological treatments, and national society essay examples complementary and alternative medicine approaches. Medications are generally the preferred treatment modality and can be combined with behavioral or psychological interventions, especially in children with behavioral problems or comorbid psychiatric conditions. Stimulant medications and psychosocial treatment have been the major foci of clinical research; however, the duration of most randomized trials has been 3 months or less, and jet report thus the literature on of a long-term treatment is sparse. In general, studies suggest that stimulants and books psychosocial treatments are efficacious. 24, 25 They also indicate that treatment with stimulants is superior to psychosocial treatment. National Honor Society Service! 26. Short-term trials of stimulants support their efficacy, with response rates in the 70#x00025;-to-90#x00025; range. 27 Methyl-phenidate and dextroamphetamine are the most studied stimulants.

While there are longer-acting stimulants, these do not appear to provide any improvement in efficacy. Studies have found that stimulants improve the jet report defining symptoms of ADHD and associated aggression. However, there are not consistent findings that improvement in symptoms leads to improvement in academic achievement or social skills. Write A Persuasive Essay! 28, 29. Aside from studies suggesting the efficacy of using stimulants, there are also studies of antidepressants showing that tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., imipramine, desipramine, nortriptyline) produce improvements over placebo. 30 The primary concern regarding their use is the risk of cardiac side effects, especially in books, overdose. Atomoxetine also has proven efficacy for ADHD 31, 32 ; it is the only medication approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in adult ADHD, is not a controlled medication, and might be particularly useful when possible comorbid substance abuse is a concern. How To Tag A In An! 33 However, it does have a new black-box warning regarding the jet report potential for severe liver injury, based on 2 reports (1 of resume, a teenager and 1 of an adult). Psychosocial treatments of ADHD with demonstrated efficacy include behavioral strategies such as contingency management (e.g., point/token reward systems, timeout, response cost) that is jet report books, conducted in the classroom, parent training (parent is re vision, taught child management skills), and clinical behavior therapy (parent, teacher, or both are taught to use contingency management procedures).

34 In contrast, cognitive-behavioral treatment (e.g., self-monitoring, self-instruction, problem-solving strategies, self-reinforcement) has not been found to be helpful in jet report books, children with ADHD. 35, 36. Complementary and alternative medicine strategies are very commonly used and might have particular appeal to families from re vision centre for integrative other cultures. 37 Such therapies include special diets and supplements, megavitamins, applied kinesiology, and biofeedback; however, their benefits have not been demonstrated in clinical trials. 38 Diet, including reducing sugar, affects behavior in less than 1#x00025; of children. 39 One role in which the primary care physician can be helpful is to help families assess alternative treatments and not be enticed by jet report books, expensive treatments of little benefit.

The treatment of ADHD should be viewed as involving 3 stages of therapy: initiation and titration, maintenance, and termination. 40 During the initial phase of treatment, patients and families should be educated regarding ADHD ( Table 2 for examples of the perfect resume, parental activities that may be helpful), therapeutic goals should be established with the patient and family, and treatment should be initiated. If medications available in short- and long-acting forms are selected, initial titration can best be accomplished using short-acting forms, observing for response and side effects. This can be followed by switching to longer-acting forms if desired. Starting and adjusting medications on a weekend provides opportunity for parents to jet report books observe effects and side effects directly. During the maintenance phase, ongoing family education, dosage adjustment, and monitoring of growth, efficacy, and side effects are appropriate. The duration and approach to termination should be individualized, with regular discussions with patients and families to support adherence to how to write paragraph treatment rather than unsupervised treatment termination. Stimulant medications and atomoxetine may be stopped at jet report, once, while other medications (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants) may need to be tapered. Trials off therapy, for instance during school holidays, may help determine if medications are still beneficial. In summary, although there are a range of treatment modalities that have been tried in the treatment of ADHD in children, the management approach that has proved most effective includes stimulants and the perfect psychosocial treatments focused on books behavioral strategies. Of note, in one large study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, there was no difference in response to treatment between ethnic groups (Latino, African American, and white).

41. ADHD AND ITS CARE FROM A HAITIAN PERSPECTIVE. While there is no corresponding term for ADHD in the Haitian-Creole language, in re vision centre psychosynthesis, the Haitian culture the behaviors consistent with the diagnosis of ADHD might be interpreted as indicating the following: Among Haitians, the interpretation of ADHD-related behaviors varies widely from books family to family depending on religious affiliations, level of education, and experience with school and a persuasive five primary care systems. Stigma, language, cultural conceptions, concerns about governmental agencies, and physician and teacher bias can all serve as barriers to care for immigrant families ( Table 3 ). An important determinant of the treatment or other intervention strategy a family pursues is their perception of the cause of the ADHD behaviors.

Whether the cause is natural or unnatural is jet report books, extremely important in the Haitian belief system. #x0201c;Natural#x0201d; ailments are often attributed to natural forces (heat/cold, gas, wind, temperature), while #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; ailments are attributed to bad spirits or punishment inflicted by God. These are treated using either natural remedies or religious intervention. 42 Such belief systems can influence a family's acceptance of a physician's diagnosis of ADHD and their adherence to Western medical treatments. In the a persuasive five essay United States, as in jet report books, many other countries, the diagnosis of essay, ADHD is mainly a medical one and involves pediatric and family medicine providers, social workers, and books psychologists. However, for most of the population in Haiti, a child would not be brought to a primary care physician for care of a behavioral problem. Doctors are generally seen only for physical illness and emergency care; access to essay primary care is limited and generally available only to the most affluent. Books! ADHD manifesting as a negative behavior usually is handled by parents, extended family, and school teachers through verbal or corporal discipline.

Verbal discipline includes preaching to the child, comparing the child to others, begging the pregnancy child to behave, and humiliating the child. Corporal discipline and jet report books punishment can be inflicted by any member of the family, neighbors, and schoolteachers, all of whom are given full authority to educate and #x0201c;correct#x0201d; the child. Immigration adds a complex dimension to raising children. New families find themselves devoid of the support of the extended family, in resume person, an environment that is books, not supportive of their interpretation of child behaviors and traditionally accepted parental disciplinary style. Like many Haitian American parents living in the United States faced with similar circumstances, Mr.

A's parents chose to send him back to national service Haiti with the books hope that a more authoritative parenting style, the enforcement of discipline in school (schoolteachers are very respected), and removal of the interference of the American social worker would offer a better environment for national society essay examples rearing their child. Mr. A went to live with his grandmother first and then off to a boarding school, a setting seen by many Haitian parents as the ultimate answer to books a child with behavioral problems. There are many beliefs among Haitian Americans surrounding the use of medication. Many in the Haitian American community see the how to five use of psychoactive medications as a gateway to substance abuse or mental illness. Therefore, even parents who agree to jet report books allow their children to try them will most likely have low thresholds for terminating medication and narrative essay on teenage pregnancy be unsupported by family members, friends, neighbors, and even religious leaders. Books! Mr.

A's parents received much unsolicited advice, and some friends wanted them to #x0201c;lift their feet#x0201d; ( Leve pye nou : to see a Hougan or voodoo priest) who might be able to resume determine the unnatural but real cause of their son's problem. Being transnational and having access to both native Haitian medicine and Western medicine, Haitian Americans routinely combine therapeutic foods that are considered cold in nature, natural sedatives and books purgatives from traditional herbal medicine, religious treatments, and Western medicine to treat illness. Examples of folk treatments for psychosynthesis ADHD include mint tea, sweetsop (apple custard), or leaf teas (usually hot drinks); tizanne (usually cold drinks) of lettuce or other refreshing vegetables; and jet report baths with boiled leaves ( bain de feuille ), which are often used as natural sedatives. While it may be difficult to establish trust with Haitian families initially, such trust in tag a in an, the doctor-patient relationship is essential in obtaining their participation in the development of a treatment plan to books which they will adhere. Narrative Pregnancy! Clinicians should work to disarm or to gain acceptance with parents and family members. It may be helpful to learn a few words of books, Creole or tidbits of Haitian history, to be respectful of combining benign natural remedies with conventional Western medicine, and to find ways to show respect for the family's heritage. Engaging families in supportive behavioral management approaches (see Table 2 ) can give them a sense of control and involvement that will help build adherence to other treatments recommended. Cultural sensitivity is essential in dealing with not only narrative essay Haitian patients but also patients from various cultural and ethnic backgrounds. One definition of cultural competency is #x0201c;a set of congruent attitudes, behaviors, and policies that come together in books, a system, agency, or amongst professionals and enables them to work effectively in cross-cultural situations.#x0201d; 43 Haitians, like most immigrant patients, need sympathetic advice and help from their physicians, as they often feel governmental agencies such as the local department of social services place a great deal of pressure on them to source in an essay either medicate their children or move their children to other school systems.

In direct contrast, it is also important not to #x0201c;overemphasize#x0201d; a patient's culture when considering a diagnosis and treatment. Jet Report! While many of the barriers listed above may be relevant for some patients, culture is only one factor in their understanding of their illness. Educational, social, economic, and individual factors may also hold relevance. Because the narrative on teenage pregnancy interface of psychiatric disorders#x02014;in this case ADHD#x02014;and culture is books, complex, it is essay, a useful context for examining the jet report integration of psychiatric and primary care. While there are a number of models of such primary care and behavioral integration, one, called #x0201c;primary mental health care,#x0201d; 44#x02013;47 is particularly useful in managing families from other cultures. The goal of this approach is to resolve problems within the primary care service context: #x0201c;primary mental health#x0201d; is designed to support the ongoing behavioral health interventions of the primary care provider. This model of behavioral health care is consistent with the how to source philosophy, service goals, and health care strategies of primary care. This approach involves making psychiatric consultative services available to primary care providers and allows for behavioral health and primary care comanagement of patients who require more concentrated services, but nevertheless can be managed in books, primary care. Centre For Integrative Psychosynthesis! Both consultative and condensed specialty treatment services are delivered as first-line interventions for primary care patients who have behavioral health needs.

In summary, there are several options for books assisting Mr. A and his family and other Haitian children and adults with ADHD: Drug names: atomoxetine (Strattera), desipramine (Norpramin and person others), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Dextrostat, and jet report books others), imipramine (Tofranil and others), methylphenidate (Metadate, Ritalin, and others), nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl, and others). The authors acknowledge Jean-Robert Boisrond, Coordinator of the Haitian Health Institute at Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., for assistance in preparation of the case and for commitment to the special needs of the Haitian people. Cultural Currents presents clinical experience derived from the practices of clinicians caring for patients and of a families whose cultural backgrounds are outside of the mainstream of society. At times, those very clinicians will be in books, the position to provide rich insights afforded by their own unique cultural backgrounds. These case reports and commentaries provide knowledge and strategies helpful in the clinical encounter with patients from other cultures.

This article is based on narrative on teenage pregnancy a Grand Rounds presented at the Department of books, Family Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., on Sept. Narrative Essay! 16, 2003. The authors received no direct support related to this article. Dr. Culpepper has been a consultant for Eli Lilly. Drs.

Prudent, Johnson, and Carroll report no financial or other relationship relevant to the subject of jet report books, this article.