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believe essay format “This I Believe” ESSAY. Excerpt of Original Invitation from 'This I Believe': This invites you to make a very great contribution: nothing less than a statement of your personal beliefs, of the values which rule your thought and action. Your essay should be about three minutes in length when read aloud, written in a style as you yourself speak, and total no more than 500 words. We know this is a tough job. What we want is moot court so intimate that no one can write it for you. You must write it yourself, in the language most natural to you. We ask you to write in essay rubric for middle, your own words…. You may even find that it takes a request like this for you to reveal some of moot your own beliefs to yourself.

If you set them down they may become of untold meaning to others. We would like you to rubric school tell not only what you believe, but how you reached your beliefs, and moot essays, if they have grown, what made them grow. This necessarily must be highly personal. That is what we anticipate and want. It may help you in formulating your credo if we tell you also what we do not want. We do not want a sermon, religious or lay; we do not want editorializing or sectarianism or 'finger-pointing.' We do not even want your views on the American way of life, or democracy or free enterprise. These are important but for another occasion. Great Gatsby Immorality Essay! We want to know what you live by.

And we want it in terms of 'I,' not the editorial 'We.' Although this program is designed to court express beliefs, it is not a religious program and essay sports and games, is not concerned with any religious form whatever. Most of our guests express belief in a Supreme Being, and set forth the importance to them of that belief. However, that is your decision, since it is your belief which we solicit. But we do ask you to confine yourself to court affirmatives: This means refraining from saying what you do not believe. Your beliefs may well have grown in clarity to you by a process of elimination and rejection, but for our part, we must avoid negative statements lest we become a medium for great immorality essay the criticism of beliefs, which is the very opposite of our purpose. We are sure the statement we ask from you can have wide and lasting influence. Never has the need for personal philosophies of this kind been so urgent. Your belief, simply and sincerely spoken, is sure to stimulate and help those who hear it.

We are confident it will enrich them. May we have your contribution? Adapted from the invitation sent to essays essayists featured in essay vocational education, the original 'This I Believe ' series. Excerpted from court essays 'This I Believe 2,' copyright 1954 by Help, Inc. Directions : Since this course focuses on learning about cultural beliefs, values, and behaviors of people in about, various places and times, I would like for you to moot court essays consider your deepest beliefs and how they shape your values and behaviors. D A! Write a personal essay of no fewer than 300 words and no more than 500 words. Include word count. Your finished essay should be replete with an original title, credo, introduction, support for thesis, and conclusion. Moot Court! On one hand, this essay is great gatsby essay informal in that it is essays intended to rubric for middle school be read aloud, which means that you are not required to moot essays use complete sentences. On the other hand, this essay is formal in writing rubric for middle, that you should not use slang, profanity, or text-speak and should capitalize I and the first letter of every sentence.

Submit your finished essay to the following places according to scheduled deadlines (see calendar): printed copy handed in to me at moot, beginning of class, electronic copy to via Backboard, and to discussion board (when submitting to Blackboard discussion area do not include your name; include only the title and essay). Since this essay asks you to expose/explore/express your deepest belief, your essay on the discussion board will remain anonymous so that no one will know who said what. Listen to and/or read the following 5 minute Edward R. Murrow essay (click here) introducing the “This I Believe” essay project launched in writing thesis, 1951. Think about the importance of storytelling, what your purpose and audience is, and what style and tone best suit your topic. Take note of why Murrow began the project, the historical context of this project, and what he says to do and what not to do. Write a credo of your deepest belief. This credo should sum up your beliefs in a powerful, compelling yet succinct, straight-forward manner.

Your credo serves as your thesis statement for moot essays your introduction. Great Immorality! H ere are some credos from the “This I Believe” website to court give you an idea of what I’m looking for: I believe in stories. Stories that live and breathe. Writing! Stories that are fruitful and multiply. That create stories within stories. Bring into being stories of my own. Court Essays! I want stories that provoke a powerful response be it tears, laughter, or thought. I desire a story to style have a gravity of its own. If it’s not worth telling more than once, it’s not worth telling. Moot! It should continue to pull me back again and again . . . I believe that music is a force that stands and beckons the souls of essay writing sports humans to step out of their secret places.

I have seen the power of a guitar’s voice as it draws out the souls of strangers in a crowd from under their superficiality and holds them spellbound as one. I have felt an overwhelming sense of unity fall over a huge crowd of moot court essays people when the insightful artist reveals his sorrow, his frustration, or his overwhelming joy with a melody. I believe in essay, closed eyes and dim lighting, in tapping feet, concert halls, and heads carried up and down by the rolling swells of a melody. . Moot Essays! . Essay In English And Games! I believe in the wisdom of the ages. My happiest place was sitting on court, my grandmother’s counter, while she was cooking, trying to memorize her cornbread recipe. How To Resume! I would sit on her powder blue carpet and run my fingers over moot essays the hand stitches of her many old quilts, while the colored glass hummingbird feeders on how to d a, her porch made patches of purple and green move slowly around her living room.

Her wisdom slipped by essays so many, but I drank it in like sunlight. . . Write your own “This I Believe” essay. This website is designed to help you craft this essay : You may complete the assignment in essay writing in english sports, one of the two following ways: Adhere to moot court essays the guidelines provided for this essay project by Murrow in the following invitation to write a “This I Believe” essay or your may choose the creative option and concession, create your 300-500 word essay formatted as spoken word poetry or as song lyrics for any genre. You may receive a 10 point bonus for moot court essays creating a photo essay using photographs you took and images that illustrate your points. Remember that you must include proper MLA citation for any and all work that is not your own . Click here to read a former student's exceptional This I Believe essay that I provide as inspiration for your own. Click here to read an example of a student who chose to write the creative This I Believe essay.

Click here for an example of Paul Farmer's This I Believe photoessay.

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marc ott resume Bulldog Background Investigation Comes as. by Ken Martin and moot essays Rebecca LaFlure. The Austin Bulldog 2012. Posted Wednesday August 1, 2012, 12:15am. A ustin City Manager Marc Ott is writing, scheduled to walk into essays a closed-door meeting on Thursday, August 2, with a City Council that can praise him, raise his pay, or invite him to find another job . If he’s shown the door, Ott will walk away with a little more than $430,000, based on the compensation and essay for middle school benefits package council members approved last August. However Ott fares in court, his annual job evaluation, there will never be a discoverable written record of it. The Austin Bulldog submitted an open records request for copies of Ott’s performance reviews conducted in essay rubric school, previous years. The city of Austin responded that all evaluations are conducted verbally in moot, closed session, and no written job evaluations exist.

Written job evaluations of how to d a public employees are often included in the employee’s personnel file, which is considered public record under the Texas Public Information Act. Council Member Bill Spelmanas well as former Mayor Gus Garcia and moot essays former Council Member Brewster McCracken, who between the school three of them served for more than two decades on the councilconfirmed that city council members do not conduct written evaluations of any employees who report to court essays, the council. So in order to educate the public on Marc Ott’s professional background and his more than four years as Austin’s top manager, The Austin Bulldog gathered available public records on Ottincluding his written evaluations from previous jobsand interviewed community leaders about for middle, their thoughts on his performance. Community leaders’ reviews were mixed. While some praised Ott’s ability to successfully guide Austin through a shaky economy, others said Ott has not made an moot court adequate effort to essay about education, build relationships with or understand the concerns of court essays Austin’s environmental community. Ott, through a city spokeswoman, declined to answer preliminary questions e-mailed to him for great gatsby immorality this article or to court essays, grant an for middle school interview.

In February 2008, Ott left his post as assistant city manager of Fort Worth to become city manager of moot Austin. His current annual base salary is nearly $250,000 and he draws additional compensation of more than $50,000. He got a 3 percent pay raise last August after his annual reviewthe only raise since he took the job. Ott has set high standards for himself and the city. He was featured in the winter 2012 issue of Public Sector Digest , an international publication focusing on in-depth analysis of government-related issues. In that article Ott took credit for creating a city transportation department that did not exist when he became city manager, an concession innovative car-sharing program, and for court participating in a regional approach to writing rubric for middle school, transportation planning. He also noted his efforts to create a more transparent budget process and continuing the city’s leadership in “financial planning, performance measurement, and moot essays budgeting.” “When I arrived, the City Council had a vision for Austin to be the most livable city in the country. In support of that vision, my intent is to have Austin known as the best-managed city in the country,” he said in the article. “We will be leaders in green technology, government transparency and accountability.”

But Ott must deal with mounting criticism on several fronts, including citizen discontent over electric rate hikes, the looming possibility of higher water rates, and how to resume growing concern that he is tone-deaf to the environmental values of the community. Some neighborhood leaders and residents are incensed over a proposal that would, in their opinion, allow an invasion of commercial short-term rental houses to erode the character of neighborhoods. Then there’s the ongoing struggle to deal with the city’s rising cost of living, and the upcoming 2013 legislative session, which some people fear will hammer the city over its management of Austin Energy’s electric rates. Mayor Lee Leffingwell has said he strongly supports Ott, who, along with other city executives, traveled with the mayor to England in July to see how a Formula One race is managed. Moot? Austin is set to host its first F1 race in November. Ott has faced criticism from some council members in the past. In April 2010, Council Member Mike Martinez called Ott and Assistant City Manager Michael McDonald “jokes” in essay writing for middle school, one of many highly-publicized e-mails The Austin Bulldog uncovered last year through open records requests. Martinez later apologized for the statement. Bill Spelman Spelman was the moot essays only council member who responded to our written request for comments about d a resume, Ott’s performance, stating that, Over the next few years, Austin will have to deal with two basic challenges: A million more people will be moving to moot essays, town and how to d a resume will need services; and the cost of providing these services has gone up. Moot Essays? I think we’ve been limited and how to resume reactive in our response to both of these issues, and that needs to change.

“The manager needs to tell us how he proposes to continue to moot essays, provide high-level services at a reasonable cost to an increasing population. Gatsby Immorality? Solving Austin’s problems will require innovative thinking, and we need to court, know how he plans to essay writing sports, stimulate and reward innovation among city staff, and moot court solicit and persuasive concession use innovative ideas from the public.” Ott’s lone written evaluation in Austin. Randi Shade The only written record of Ott’s performance The Austin Bulldog located is in an e-mail sent by former Council Member Randi Shade. The Austin Bulldog obtained that messageand hundreds of other e-mails about essays, city business exchanged by the mayor and council members using personal e-mail accountsby filing a lawsuit in March 2011, after the mayor and council members failed to release these e-mails in response to an open records request. In an attached document Shade sent to Ott on his personal e-mail account on June 27, 2010, Shade summarized her take on vocational, the council’s discussion during Ott’s annual review held the court essays month before. “While the city is for the most part running well, frustrations exist that is largely caused by the communication break-downs between council and the city manager,” Shade wrote. “Council members shared examples of when they felt you were defensive and/or unwilling to take their input, and you shared examples of when you felt you did not have clear direction from the council as a body versus the council as individual members and/or factions.” Shade also noted that, “When people disagree with you, you seem to take it as a challenge or an affront rather than as an opportunity to essay for middle school, get useful facts and gain valuable perspective.” These traits are a perceived flaw in Ott’s management style, according to some sources interviewed for this article.

Ott was notably upset when Roger Duncan, who after retiring as general manager of Austin Energy, e-mailed Ott and council members while Ott was in the process of filling that position. Moot Court? Duncan’s June 20, 2010, e-mail informed Ott of the fact that Juan Garza, a respected former Austin Energy general manager, was available for Ott’s consideration. “I am shocked and surprised to receive such a message from you,” Ott replied. “The fact that you choose to copy the Mayor and Council members makes me think that your intent is to place pressure on me to consider your request.” Public perception of Ott’s performance mixed. Council Member Shade stressed the thesis need for solid working relationships in her June 27, 2010 e-mail, and environmental activist Robin Rather expressed a similar sentiment in a February 19, 2008, Austin American-Statesman article about Ott’s first day on the job. “You can't get things done without establishing good working relationships,” Rather said in the article. Moot? “You need to give him (Ott) time to understand the thesis people here and build teamwork inside City Hall and with the rest of the community.” Asked to court essays, comment on writing thesis, Ott’s performance for court essays this article more than four years later, Rather said, “Marc Ott is a smart and competent executive, and I think he takes his job very seriously and great I respect him.

However, on his watch, our energy strategy is a mess, our water strategy is moot court, a mess, our transportation strategy is a mess, and our public education, while not directly under his purview, is a total catastrophe.” Rather went on to say that, “While all of those problems aren't entirely his fault, the concern that I hear is style thesis, there is just no leadership coming from his office on the way forward.” Roy Waley, vice chair of the Sierra Club’s Austin Regional Group, told The Austin Bulldog that Ott has remained focused on business issues, but has made very little effort to establish relationships with environmentalists. “You can tell communication is taking place with business, but I don’t talk to moot essays, any true green environmental folks who have a real relationship with Marc Ott,” Waley said. Writing Rubric? “You know, he goes to talk to the chamber, to RECA (Real Estate Council of Austin), to the Board of Realtorsof which I'm a memberbut he has never shown up at a Sierra Club meeting, and they’re open to moot essays, the public.” Bill Bunch, executive director of the Save Our Springs Alliance, faults Ott for not backing publicly stated goals with measurable means of determining whether these goals have been achieved. Bunch noted that Ott has said publicly that “Austin will be the best managed city in the country.” But in a meeting with Ott in about vocational, the early summer of 2009, “I asked him twice about moot essays, measurements: What are your benchmarks and thesis measurements and how will you track them to have that statement have any meaning at moot, all beyond being an empty slogan?”

Ott’s reaction, Bunch said: “He just stared at me like he didn't understand what I was saying.” Despite some criticisms in the environmental community, Ott still has many strong supporters in Austin. Mike Rollins, president of the d a resume Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce, said the “fiscal soundness of Austin through the great recession is a testament to the city’s strong leadership team.” “We think that how Austin came through the recession speaks to his strong leadership skills. Moot Court? When most cities had layoffs, Austin was able to manage without layoffs,” Rollins said. “We would be disappointed if there were a change in the city leadership at this time of a still unstable economy in essay about vocational, the world and in moot court essays, the United States.” Nelson Linder, president of the Austin NAACP, echoed a similar sentiment, saying, “I give the city manager very good grades because he has managed the economy very well, doing quite well despite the recession, holding the budget, and essay writing in english sports and games been very fiscally sound.” “He's had a steady hand,” Nelson continued. “He's avoided some of the political problems that other city managers had in the city of Austin. For the most part he's focused on managing the essays city and letting the d a resume mayor and city council run the city of Austin politically.” Linder noted only one shortcoming in Ott’s leadership: While more African American nonprofits have had the court opportunity to work with the city on education, social services under Ott’s leadership, Linder does not think Ott has been as successful in his handling of Hispanic issues. Susana Almanza Susana Almanza, president of the Montopolis Neighborhood Association and director of People Organized in Defense of the moot court Earth and her Resources (PODER), also gave Ott high marks, saying he acted on many of Montopolis residents’ recommendations for changes or additions after touring their neighborhood. “There were some immediate changes made,” she said, noting that Ott has kept his promise that money for construction of a new Montopolis Recreation Center would be included in the recommended November bond package. “There is so much that’s needed for residents in essay about, Montopolis, but I can say since Marc Ott’s visit there have been some changes, and Montopolis is getting some much needed attention.” Michael Wilt, director of government relations for the Real Estate Council of Austin, and Harry Savio, executive vice president of the Homebuilders Association of Greater Austin, said their organizations had no comment regarding Ott’s performance.

Early challenges as Austin city manager. As the court Austin American-Statesman reported on February 19, 2008, Ott faced a number of major tasks from the beginning of his tenure as city manager, including negotiating labor contracts with public safety unions, filling several high-profile city jobs, and the upcoming annual budget process. He wasted no time in asserting his authority, forcing out essay writing sports Fire Chief J.J. Moot? Adame in early May 2008 and in english Gene Acuna, director of communications and public information, in mid-June of that year. Acuna, who previously served as deputy press secretary for moot essays Governor Rick Perry, got the writing school boot largely for essays failing to notify Ott of the rubric for middle fire at essays, the governor’s mansion June 8. Ott had missed the major news coverage and found out about the inferno when the mayor asked about it the next day. In August 2008, the Statesman reported that 10 Hispanic leaders went to see Ott about, among other things, the very public firings of Adame and Acuna. They left even more incensed over what they claimed was Ott’s rude and combative manner. Former Mayor Gus Garcia, who attended the meeting, told The Austin Bulldog , “The issue was (Ott) didn’t like getting together with a large number of vocational education Hispanics.” Another “issue wasand still isthat Hispanics don’t have enough presence in hiring in the city manager’s office.” In later years City Attorney David Smith exited over the city’s failure to make public the KeyPoint Government Solutions investigation of the moot police shooting death of Nathaniel Sanders II. Great Gatsby Immorality Essay? The report was withheld for eight months and wasn’t released until the Statesman reported that a similar independent investigation of moot essays a police shooting in persuasive essays, 2002 had been publicly released.

The belated release of the Sanders report drew heavy criticism from court, council members, including Mike Martinez, who was quoted as saying “There is writing in english sports, no doubt . We need to improve our transparency.” Contentious relationships in Kalamazoo. Our background investigation found that Ott hit some potholes on moot essays, the road to gatsby, success, but earned his spurs while working for five different city governments before getting to Austin, four of them in Michigan. His career took a temporary setback when he was pressured to resign from his first city manager’s job in Kalamazoo, Michigan, in 1997 amid strained relationships with some city commissioners, according to public records and news reports. After serving as assistant city manager and moot essays deputy city manager, Ott was promoted to immorality essay, city manager of Kalamazoo in March 1993his first city manager position.

The Kalamazoo Gazette published a positive editorial about Ott’s performance during his first year on essays, the job. However, city commissioners’ performance evaluations of vocational education Ott conducted in January 1995 revealed concerns about his management style. While some gave Ott positive reviews, four of the seven commissioners indicated they felt Ott managed staff with excessive authority. One commissioner attributed this “to the learning curve for court essays a new manager. Style? I sense there is a need to over-exert authority to essays, assure there is essay sports and games, control.”

Some commissioners also gave Ott low marks in communicating clearly and timely with the commission and responding to moot essays, inquiries, according to evaluations obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request. In a statement following the evaluation, Ott stated he would establish a time to essays, regularly meet one-on-one with each commissioner in an effort to enhance communication. Most of the commissioners declined his invitation. Moot Essays? He also elaborated his views on about, employee discipline, stating that he believed in allowing an “employee several opportunities to succeed by clarifying expectations, coaching and the like.” However, five of the city’s six labor unions echoed similar concerns in 1996 when they charged that Ott managed “like a dictator” and moot essays used “fear and intimidation to control employees,” according to the Kalamazoo Gazette . The Kalamazoo Black Police Officers Association came to for middle, Ott’s defense, and accused the local newspaper and city commissioners of moot essays conspiring against him. In December 1996, the city commission voted to pay a consultant nearly $10,000 to writing for middle, investigate the union’s complaints against Ott, the Gazette reported.

Ott told the Gazette that he felt the unions’ criticisms were tied to anxiety over his cost-reduction program that cut the city’s work force through early retirements and eliminating positions without layoffs. Still, Ott had some supporters on the commission throughout his time as city manager. Moot? Then Commissioner Lance Ferraro wrote a January 24, 1996, recommendation letter for Ott stating that he engaged employees in adopting common values and great immorality essay pride in their work. The letter noted Ott’s success in reducing government costs and improving economic development in Kalamazoo. But Ott continued to face criticism.

According to the Gazette , he resigned in January 1997, just hours after receiving a memo from the mayor and moot court essays vice mayor accusing Ott of trying to intimidate them and having a “fundamental misunderstanding” of his role as city manager. Ott and commissioners quickly agreed upon essays concession, a separation package. The Gazette reported that as a part of the moot court essays agreement, the essay writing city paid Ott about moot, $141,000 over the course of the following year. In the months following his resignation, Ott faced allegations that he failed to register a handgun as required by how to d a resume, Michigan state law. A prosecutor later concluded that Ott’s failure to register was an moot court essays oversight without criminal intent, according to reports in the Kalamazoo Gazette . Michigan court records show that in writing sports and games, July 1998 Ott filed a lawsuit against former Commissioner Zadie Jackson, the City of moot essays Kalamazoo, and in english and games the commission, alleging that Jackson spread false negative statements about him following his resignation. Ott pointed to his separation agreement with Kalamazoo that barred commissioners from disparaging him. Federal Judge Robert Bell ruled in June 1999 that Ott failed to prove two of the five charges outlined in the suit, but gave him the moot court essays opportunity to re-file in Kalamazoo County Circuit Court regarding the other three. Ott refiled the suit, but eventually dropped the charges, according to court records and the Gazette . Ott was unemployed for 15 months after his resignation from Kalamazoo, but in time recovered, and his career resumed a steady and uninterrupted upward arc. In 1998, Ott was hired to be a city administrator and assistant to the mayor of essay in english sports and games Rochester Hills, with a starting annual salary of court $76,000$20,000 less than he was making as Kalamazoo city manager.

The City of Rochester Hills has not yet released Ott’s personnel file in response to writing, The Austin Bulldog ’s FOIA request. Ott stayed in that position until April 2002, when he was hired as an assistant city manager of court essays Fort Worth with a starting salary of $132,000. Ott earned high marks on all of his performance evaluations throughout his time at Fort Worth. In his first evaluation, his supervisor noted that Ott is a “great addition to the city management team.” According to about vocational education, Ott’s resume, he oversaw the city’s water and wastewater utility, transportation, public works, engineering and aviation. Among his special projects was a $975 million Southwest Parkway Toll road. In February 2008, Ott took over Austin’s top city position. Current position : Austin City Manager. Compensation : Totals $299,388, consisting of: Additional Compensation : $50,620, including $22,000 deferred compensation, executive allowance of $7,200, automobile allowance of $8,400, cell phone allowance of $1,620, $6,621 for OASDI (Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance, i.e., Social Security tax), $4,279 for Medicare tax (equal to 1.45 percent of annual salary plus allowances), reimbursement of $500 per year for moot court out-of-pocket expenses for writing thesis one physical examination annually.

Severance package : $282,168. Based on entitlement in City Council Resolution 20110825-078. Court? In the event of gatsby involuntary separation, forced resignation, or change in the form of government, consisting of one annual gross increment for salary, deferred compensation contribution, OASDI tax, and Medicare tax. Additional severance : The resolution also grants Ott 23 hours of paid personal leave per month with no maximum accumulation. That equates to annual paid vacation reimbursement of $33,079 per moot essays, year. Persuasive Essays Concession? Ott has served as city manager four and a half years.

Thus he would be entitled to a maximum reimbursement for paid personal leave $148,856. Total severance possible if terminated now : Approximately $431,024. E-mail address : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Office telephone : 512-974-2200. Office location : City Hall, 301 W. 2nd, 3rd Floor, Austin. Business records : Ott is listed as a registered agent of the Austin Regeneration Fund, according to the Secretary of State: Education : Bachelor’s degree in management and master’s degree in public administration from Oakland University in court, Michigan. Marriage : Ott is married to Pamela Ott, a surgical nurse at Seton Medical Center. Municipal Court record : Ott only has one violation on his local driving record: A traffic ticket issued May 9, 2008, for speeding in essay education, a school zone.

Ott took a driver safety course, paid a $136 fine, and the case was closed. Personnel records and employee evaluations. City of Austin (personnel records only) 22 pages. City of Rochester Hills, Michigan 90 pages ( Pending response to FOIA request ) (Added Thursday, August 9, 2012, 1:11pm) Property records : Ott owns one house, located in Southwest Austin and worth $441,637. Tarrant County Grantee Records (property bought ) Voting record : Ott voted in city elections in 2009, 2011 and court essays 2012. Immorality Essay? He voted in the March 2010 Democratic primary. Links to major Marc Ott stories : Links to stories (most recent first). Note: Many of the Austin American-Statesman articles are linked here through the Austin Public Library online databases. Access is free but requires a library card number to view. You must log in on the library site for these links to essays, work.

Or, alternatively, Statesman articles can be accessed by searching the style newspaper’s online archives and creating a user account. QA With Marc Ott, February 3, 2012, Austin Business Journal. Ott's imprint, June 27, 2008 Statesman archive. This report was made possible by contributions to The Austin Bulldog , which operates as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit to provide investigative reporting in the public interest. You can help sustain our reporting by moot, making a tax-deductible contribution.

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adelphia essay Adelphia Communication Scandal. Moot Court? The field of ethics concerns the distinction of what is good from that, which is bad. Ethics informs the correct action that one ought to take in a particular situation. The field of business ethics has gained much interest in great gatsby immorality essay, recent times as scholars and researchers attempt to find ways of ensuring that businesses operate in court, an ethical manner and that all the stakeholders are protected (Mizzoni, 2010). The essay that follows will attempt to apply the various ethical theories in a bid to writing sports and games, explain how the essays Adelphia communication scandal occurred. The Adelphia Communication scandal is recorded in essays, the annals of audit entry as one of the biggest insider trading fraud of the 21 st Century.

This fraud was perpetuated by a group of moot court essays, six individuals that included the Founder of Adelphia, his two sons, and three other officers of the company. Adelphia was a one of the essays concession leading cable TV providers in the US in the early 2000s. The family business, which was jointly owned by John J. Rigas and his two sons, went public in 1986 but the owners continued to court, function as though the business was still under private ownership. This conduct led to the commission of fraud in the company (Markon, Frank, 2002). As a public company, Adelphia was now expected to operate by the rules that governed listed companies. However, this was not the case at the Cable TV Corporation. The SEC required Adelphia to file audited annual reports and hold annual general meetings. The company contracted Delloite as the company’s external auditors. Both the board and the auditing committee had family representation. Writing? The auditing committee had four members and moot court essays it was chaired by Michael Rigas, the style thesis then CFO of the firm. The composition of these two crucial bodies is the first red flag for what followed (Markon, Frank, 2002).

In March 2002, it was discovered that an extensive financial fraud had been perpetuated by the Rigas family. Investigations launched by the SEC found that the family had been squandering company’s resources. The SEC also found out that the auditing committee had instructed that billions of moot, dollars in liabilities be excluded from the final financial statements presented to stockholders (Markon, Frank, 2002). Another revelation was that the Rigas siphoned money from the company’s cash management system to finance their lavish lifestyle and even used company’s monies to purchase their private stocks in other companies. Two key ethical problems presented by the Adelphia case include the writing request by the Rigas family for the exclusion of the big debt-finance from being listed among the company’s liabilities and the Riga’s family withdrawal of company funds to finance their lavish lifestyle.

The first ethical problem that involved the moot court essays omission of recording multi-billion debt-finance was instructed by the Riga’s family. This problem emerged because the Rigas family had borrowed heavily from the company and other financiers. The family had falsified the financial statements in a manner that it misled the financiers that the company’s financial position was stable. The accumulation of this debts stems from the fact that the family relied heavily on debt financing to finance its rapid expansion in essay writing in english sports, the market. Additionally, the Rigas also used the falsified financial statement to lure stockholders to moot court, buy stocks in subsidiaries while in fact the Rigas used the essay rubric for middle parent company’s funds to buy their stocks. This decision was both egoistic and selfish as it sought to moot essays, maximize the wealth of the Rigas without caring much about the other stockholders. The second ethical problem is about the Rigas withdrawal of funds from the company’s cash management system to finance its lavish expenditure.

At one point, when asked about the extravagant expenditure on the construction of the golf course, John Rigas argued that it was meant to benefit the locals. On its face value, this assertion could be taken to support utilitarianism; a case where a decision is made to benefit many people. However, paralleling the number of people that were to benefit from the golf construction versus the great gatsby immorality number of court, Adelphia’s stockholders, the former looks like an ant in style thesis, front of a giant. This is yet another perfect ensample of selfishness and egoism. Deontology is an ensample of the theories of ethics and it asserts that moral actions are independent of the consequences that follow these actions. This theory supports the idea that individuals have only one possible action and this it calls, the fair thing to do. Deontologists investigate motives behind actions. An action that is moot court essays wrongly motivated is deemed immoral even if it maximizes good. This theory upholds the virtues of trust and honesty. Great Immorality Essay? Persons are expected to uphold these two virtues in truth and avoid lying and dishonesty at all costs.

Deontology ethics is further divided into two branches i.e. act and rule deontology. Act deontology theorizes that every act is an ethical occasion where an individual can draw from his intuition and determine the fair thing to court, do in that situation. Essay Writing In English Sports? This branch argues that there is court essays no need for asset of rules; once conscience is writing sufficient to give direction. Court Essays? On the other hand, the rule deontology asserts that there exist universal rules that set the standard of right and writing rubric for middle school wrong. Rule deontologists believe in moot, the tenet of making the rules universal, and often refer to in english, these rules in moot court, solving moral problems. Common examples of this principle include truth telling, promise keeping, and justice (Barlaup, Hanne, Stuart, 2009). The rules of persuasive essays, duty designed by moot essays, Immanuel Kant require individuals to act in a manner that they expect others to act towards them.

For instance, if one expects another to tell him the truth at all times, and then he should be truthful at all times. Essay Writing Rubric? According to Kant, the ability to universalize an action is the surest test for its morality. Accordingly, if a decision is court essays ethical but the motivation is unethical, then the whole action is unethical. Applying the deontological framework of business ethics. Looking at the first ethical problem that related to the company omitting to report on writing and games, the huge liability then we can apply deontological framework here. This omission of material facts from the books of account was not the fair thing to do. This assertion is informed by the fact that both the stockholders and court financiers were misled into buying more stocks of a sinking ship.

Deontology ethics points this as immoral because this act betrayed the persuasive tenets of truth and honesty upon which the whole theory is coined. Rules concerning the preparation of moot court, published financial statements are clear (Barlaup, Hanne, Stuart, 2009). Any matter that is material needs to be incorporated in the drawing up of the financial statements. Additionally, inflation of financial accounts also served to falsify material fact, this was in contradiction to the provisions of gatsby essay, deontological ethics that requires openness, and moot court truth at all times. The second problem concerned the withdrawal of company funds to finance the lavish lifestyle of the Rigas. As stated before, this action was both selfish and egoistically motivated. Application of the deontological framework requires that the family appreciate the fact that the assets of a public company no longer belongs to the family but to the company. The use of the company jet for private safaris, withdrawal of company finds from the cash management system for personal use, the essay about education use of moot court, company’s money to build a golf-course on a private land, all fail the writing style test of deontological ethics. These actions together with the motive behind them are not only immoral but also selfish. Applying Kant’s Categorical Imperative.

Application of Kant’s categorical imperative framework to moot, the problem of omission of material details from the financial records places the perpetrators of this fraud on the receiving end. Kant asserts that people should act in a manner they expect others to reciprocate. Having said that, then we can say that the family should expect managers of other companies where they have significant shareholding to act as fraudulently as they did. However, this is a wrong thing and universalizing a wrong is not possible. Since this action by Adelphia cannot be universalized then it means that the action fails the test of morality.

Applying Kant’s framework to writing, the second ethical problem reveals the immoral nature of the action taken by the perpetrators of the fraud (Robert, 2004). It was immoral for the company to put their own interest in front of the interests of the shareholders. Additionally, it was also wrong and immoral to use company money to moot, construct a golf course on Rigas’ property. This unethical and immoral move cannot be universalized because it generally unacceptable. Barlaup, K., Hanne, I. D., Stuart, I. (2009). Restoring trust in auditing: Ethical discernment and the Adelphia scandal. Managerial Auditing Journal, 24(2), 183-203. Retrieved on November 19, 2012 from ProQuest.

Mizzoni, J. (2010). Ethics: The basics. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K: Wiley-Blackwell. Essays Concession? Markon, J., Frank, R. (2002, July 25). Moot? Adelphia officials are arrested, charged with ‘massive’ fraud – three in the Rigas family, two other executives held, accused of mass looting. The Wall Street Journal . Retrieved November 19, 2012 from ProQuest. Robert, J. J. (2004, February 23). Kant#8217;s Moral Philosophy . Stanford University. Retrieved November 11, 2013, from Are you looking for a similar paper or any other quality academic essay?

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Carl Sagan Sagan, Carl (Edward) - Essay. Carl (Edward) Sagan 1934– American nonfiction writer, scriptwriter, and editor. Most widely known for his television series Cosmos, Sagan is Professor of Astronomy and Space Sciences and director of the Laboratory for Planetary Studies at Cornell University. While he has written many articles for scientific journals, Sagan is also concerned that scientific theory be accessible to the general public. Toward this end he has written books for moot court essays, nonscientists, contributed to popular magazines and encyclopedias, and essay vocational made frequent appearances on television talk shows. Sagan's attempt at writing practical explanations is evident in moot court essays The Cosmic Connection: An Extraterrestrial Perspective (1973), The Dragons of Eden: A Speculative Essay on the Origin of Human Intelligence (1977), Broca's Brain: Reflections on how to d a the Romance of Science (1979), and Cosmos (1981). In these works Sagan presents scientific theories and philosophizes about the effects of scientific inquiry on social, political, religious, and historical events. The Dragons of Eden was awarded the 1977 Pulitzer Prize in nonfiction.

Sagan has received several other awards for his work, including two from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Sagan's interests center on the origins and evolution of life on earth, the nature of the court essays, physical universe, and the possible existence of extraterrestrial life. Gatsby Essay. Convinced that there is life on other planets, Sagan advocates interplanetary communication; as a consultant to NASA, he helped design the plaque bearing a message to alien life which was launched with the spaceships Pioneers 10 and court 11. Using information about the atmosphere on planets in our solar system and elsewhere, Sagan suggests that amid the billions and billions of stars and galaxies in great gatsby immorality the universe, millions of essays planets may support civilizations like our own. He outlines this probability in The Cosmic Connection, Cosmos , and some of the essays in resume the collection Broca's Brain . In these works he also emphasizes the essays, importance of space travel. According to essays concession Sagan, humans require exploration for their psychological well-being, and since earth has been thoroughly searched, space offers the next frontier.

In addition, Sagan believes that contact with extraterrestrials will give humans a wider, less egocentric outlook, an attitude which Sagan refers to moot court essays as the cosmic perspective. In both The Dragons of Eden and Cosmos Sagan recounts the hypothesis of the triune brain, claiming that the human brain is an evolutionary combination of writing thesis reptilian, prehuman mammalian, and uniquely human aspects. Moot. According to Sagan, each of these three parts, which are referred to as the R-complex, the limbic system, and the neocortex, accounts for certain aspects of writing style human behavior: our aversion to reptiles, our base instincts, and our rational thoughts. Sagan also attributes human intelligence to the physical evolution of the brain. From his central arguments, Sagan goes on to speculate about the goals of past civilizations and the effects on future civilizations of potential scientific advances. Many critics conclude that Sagan's underlying message throughout his works, and especially in Cosmos , is that in moot order to continue evolving intelligently, humans must utilize scientific discovery. Much controversy surrounds Sagan's theories and his presentation of them. Some critics object to Sagan's glorification of rationality and to his categorical dismissal of a godlike creator. Others find his factual information about evolution and psychology faulty or oversimplified. Many commentators are dissatisfied with Sagan's lack of gatsby immorality essay distinction between assumption and fact, an absence which they judge misleading. Moot Court Essays. The television series Cosmos has been criticized for its confusing structure and its emphasis on essay visual effects rather than argument.

Nevertheless, Sagan is praised for moot essays, his attempt to unite science and philosophy and for his ability to simplify complex concepts while preserving their awesome implications. Many critics consider Sagan's arguments both inspired and logical. Persuasive Essays Concession. With a direct, factual style, a dry wit, and an enthusiasm often described as contagious, Sagan continues to provide thought-provoking material for scientific and general discussion. (See also Contemporary Authors , Vols. 25-28, rev. ed.; Contemporary Authors New Revision Series , Vol. Essays. 11; and Contemporary Issues Criticism , Vol. 2) Access our Carl Sagan Study Guide for Free. Carl Sagan is a scientist of writing thesis quality who is also a writer of quality. Moot Court Essays. He has often shown that he can write better than most science writers, and he proves it again with The Cosmic Connection , a book that is very nearly perfect. If The Cosmic Connection has a fault, it is that it derives a good deal from Sagan's previous books….

This new book could be described as a carefully watered-down summary of the previous writings, arranged for in english and games, a general audience. But that description would be unfair. What Sagan has done is to leave out the mathematics, insert a good deal of philosophy and let himself roam freely. For a lesser writer, that could be a disastrous combination. But since Sagan is a man of great intelligence, wit and insight, it is a success on every level. To illustrate this with specific quotes is moot court difficult because of writing style thesis Sagan's style. He builds to his effects with care; his paragraphs, not his sentences, are the basic unit. A reviewer must paraphrase instead of quoting. Sagan starts by describing his theme—the possibility of communicating with other intelligent civilizations in the universe.

He defends the court, necessity of space exploration in the most convincing terms that I have encountered…. [His real point is that] space exploration is psychologically important for the human race, now that the earth has become a small, well-trodden enclave. (The entire section is 542 words.) Get Free Access to this Carl Sagan Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more.

Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. Numerous scientists have important ideas, some even more profound than Sagan's; yet he is probably the most famous astronomer since Hoyle or even Hubble. The Cosmic Connection shows why: His speculations provoke and stimulate on truly arresting topics, described in fluent prose, sprinkled with wit and sarcasm.

Although his syntax is straightforward, his articulation easily rivals that of Asimov or Clark. Essay Rubric For Middle. In the art of making science understandable and court essays enjoyable for essay about education, specialist and lay person alike, he is a modern James Jeans. This book's 39 brief chapters, delivered like fireside sermonettes, center on their author's principal professional interests—exploration of the solar system and essays search for extraterrestrial life. Sagan weds these pursuits as well as disparate disciplines, including astronomy, biology, chemistry and anthropology. For Middle. Then he wisely steps back and appraises the moot essays, synthesis, thereby perceiving mankind's symbiotic relationship with the whole. Style Thesis. How we exist because of the arduous processes of stellar, chemical, and biological evolution and, reciprocally, how we affect the universe. Voila, the court essays, cosmic connection!…

Sagan warns that although I am not by essay writing in english sports, training a philosopher or sociologist or historian, I have not hesitated to moot draw philosophical or social or historical implications of astronomy and how to d a resume space exploration. That he does, opening himself to essays potential criticism. His forceful defense of space exploration, for instance, will inform and touch almost any reader, but it probably will not convince the thoughtful skeptic. Sagan points out that the fraction of the gross. (The entire section is in english sports 678 words.) Get Free Access to this Carl Sagan Study Guide.

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and moot court essays thousands more. Like squids, scientists protect themselves with clouds of impenetrable ink. Not Carl Sagan. His jargon-free book The Cosmic Connection … involved thousands of readers in the search for life beyond earth. Last year, during the how to, Mars probe, he became a TV celebrity with plausible descriptions of the creatures that might be populating outer space. The Dragons of Eden should involve thousands more in moot the exploration of inner space—the human brain. Sagan, 42, occupant of a chair in astronomy at Cornell University, is not a neuroscientist. But he writes about the brain with uncommon sense and even humor…. The Dragons of Eden begins with a summary of how and when intelligence developed in various terrestrial species. In detail, Sagan describes the process of natural selection working toward the emergence of the concession, creature Shakespeare called the paragon of animals. Essays. Sagan also explains differences in the structure of the paragon's brain and those of other animals.

He offers some idiosyncratic thoughts on why man's neurological legacy makes him behave the way he does. The human brain, he points out, evolved from the brain of the reptile, one of whose species the Bible holds responsible for the Fall. According to Sagan, the reptilian brain, which forms the most primitive part of the human brain, still influences man's behavior and may help explain one of his oldest fears—the apparently inherent. (The entire section is 440 words.) A better understanding of the nature and essay school evolution of human intelligence just possibly might help us to deal intelligently with our unknown and perilous future, writes Dr. Carl Sagan…. To help achieve this understanding Sagan begins [The Dragons of Eden] by looking at the evolution of moot essays intelligence in lower animals.

Since larger brains can store more information, a critical point in evolutionary development occurred with the emergence of an organism that for the first time in the history of the world had more information in its brain than in its genes. Subsequent development led to writing thesis the gradual (and certainly incomplete) dominance of brains over genes; human intelligence resulted from court, a particular property of. (The entire section is 920 words.) Like many non-specialist popularizers of psychology, Professor Sagan [in The Dragons of Eden ] overestimates our physiological knowledge and underestimates our psychological knowledge. Writing School. I'll get back to this point later. First, I must acknowledge that Professor Sagan has taken the first hard step in learning psychology. The first step in studying psychology is to essays convince yourself that there is something to study, above and beyond common sense and common knowledge. Professor Sagan likes the theory of the triune brain, as formulated by a neurophysiologist named Paul MacLean in the early 1950's.

Not an style thesis, active theory in the technical literature these days, it nevertheless appeals to popularizers…. The theory. (The entire section is 996 words.) Versatile though he is, [Sagan] is simply not enough saturated in court his subject [in The Dragons of and games Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of moot essays Human Intelligence] to speculate; what he can do is summarize and, to writing for middle a limited degree, correlate the moot essays, results of scattered and tentative modern research on the human brain. The research, from electroencephalograms of dreamers to endocranial casts of fossil skulls, is in progress, and Mr. Sagan, like the rest of us, must wait for sweeping conclusions. If this result is essays concession confirmed, it would be quite an important finding, he writes in one iffy spot, and, in another, complains, Very little work has been done in this field to date. Essays. He speaks of many potential near-term developments. (The entire section is 426 words.) In presenting [the theory of the triune brain in The Dragons of how to d a Eden ], Sagan encourages the reader to examine human intelligence and behavior in terms of the essays, elements they have in common with other living animals.

While this is, in essay itself, appropriate, the association of court our behavior with that of great immorality other living animals distorts the modern concept of moot essays evolution. Humans did not evolve from contemporary snakes (nor even from extinct dinosaurs). Rather, all currently living beasts had, in the unfathomable past, common ancestors who gave rise to many different evolutionary lines. Reptiles—extinct or alive—are not our evolutionary precursors. If anything, they are evolutionary siblings that have grown in a different. (The entire section is 401 words.) Subtitled Speculations on about vocational education the Evolution of Human Intelligence, [ The Dragons of Eden ] is a superlative work: erudite, facile, fascinating, and eminently readable. Court Essays. In it, Sagan speculates about what is going on vocational education inside the human head. Fundamentalists had better not get into this book; it's liable to cause a fundamentalist fit. Central to Sagan's speculations (which qualify him as a latter-day Renaissance man, so wide is his range of references) is the fact of human evolution from earlier forms of moot essays life on spaceship Earth.

In order to say anything about what might be going on between our ears, Sagan has to style thesis describe the court, process of brain evolution. (p. 88) (The entire section is 280 words.) With the verve and accessibility which have made Dr. Sagan one of the most widely known scientists of his time [the essays in Broca's Brain] range across such topics as planetary systems (which are his speciality), the writing style thesis, search for extraterrestrial intelligence, pseudo-science, science fiction, and religion—something for moot, everybody who is at all interested in science. Dr. Sagan sees us as living at writing thesis a unique transitional moment. He thinks the past 50 years have raised questions that could not even have been asked before and that the next 50 years will have answered most of them….

Agreeing that the next 50 years will answer a vast range of questions, probably including whether we are living in a. (The entire section is 285 words.) The subtitle of [ Broca's Brain ], Reflections on the Romance of Science, encapsulates its blend of accepted fact with personal conjecture. In Sagan's world the romance is court not monogamous; it is a flirtation with virtually every branch of thought and study. Science qua science lies at its heart, but other relationships provide zest and perspective. Essays Concession. In the introduction, Sagan warns that, as is court essays his wont, he has not hesitated to interject social, political, or historical remarks. If he had, this might become his last popular book. His core topics—planetary exploration, the quest for extraterrestrial intelligence, cosmic evolution—are intrinsically fascinating, but other writers address them too. Sagan's. (The entire section is 1052 words.) What can you say about a young civilization inhabiting the third planet of an ordinary G2 star found out in the sparse suburbs of the galaxy?

What pictures would you show to wholly alien eyes, and what music would you play for alien ears? How would you go about packaging all this information so that it will last for millions of years? These were the tasks facing a small group of persons with limited time and an even more limited budget when the opportunity arose to how to include something more than a plaque aboard the essays, two Voyager spacecraft, bound for interstellar space via the style thesis, outer planets. Murmurs of Earth is a beautiful and fascinating account both of the process of decision and of what was. (The entire section is 632 words.) Broca's Brain is the most recent production of Sagan's brain, and moot court essays after justifying the title (a reference to a French neuroanatomist's celebrated cerebrum), the remainder of the book tells more of Sagan's involvement in the scientific enterprise than it does of the late Paul Broca's…. [The coverage] on out-of-body type thanatological experiences seems far-fetched both factually and theoretically. On points of theology, his arguments from higher criticism are dated, and essay writing sports and games his archeology suffers from a similarly outdated singlemindedness. Moot Court. Nonetheless, the volume's strengths far surpass any weaknesses, making reading it a sheer vacation. James H. Booth, in a review of. (The entire section is 117 words.)

Carl has a keen sense of humor, an incisive intelligence. He's just as intelligent in his speaking as he is in his writing…. I've learned a great deal from his articles. I like to think I have read just about everything he has written. Virtually everything I know about the possibility of extraterrestrial life was inspired by his writings on the subject.

On that question our minds have the same set. I find it very easy to great gatsby immorality essay agree with Carl. I don't agree with those who criticize him as a popularizer. I happen to think that the popularization of science is the most important thing a scientist can do, next to actually broadening science itself. (The entire section is moot court essays 128 words.) As a speculative skeptic, a lucid popularizer of science, and thesis a belles-lettrist eager to bridge the gap between the humanities and court science, Sagan stands as the latest practitioner in an illustrious tradition which, because it is fundamentally British, remains too little known among American readers. His forebears include Thomas Henry Huxley, Alfred North Whitehead, Bertrand Russell, James Jeans, Arthur Stanley Eddington, Julian Huxley, J. Essays. B. S. Moot Essays. Haldane, and Fred Hoyle. All shared the view that science was accessible to the common man and woman, intellectually both disturbing and great immorality essay exciting, yet emotionally and philosophically significant. All were capable of turning a popular prose essay into, at once, a work of art and. (The entire section is 272 words.) [In Cosmos Carl Sagan] is an enormously gifted juggler, at one time keeping aloft a dizzying melange of balls, dishes, Indian clubs, dinosaurs, and Dopplered red shifts.

His ability to explain the complex in terms of the commonplace is mesmerizing; his encyclopedic knowledge is moot humbling; his articulateness captivates. His staff of illustrators and technicians is skilled and how to inventive. On camera or in print, Dr. Sagan is artfully at moot court ease with the arcane and writing his love affair with the cosmos is essays infectious. He is an irresistibly stimulating teacher. And there's the rub. Dr. Sagan and the televised Cosmos series reached a vast audience. He intrigued adults, who since college have. (The entire section is 1824 words.) In dispensing [ Cosmos 's] heady intellectual mixture on TV, Sagan displays a virtuoso command of audio-visual techniques.

During his comparatively straight exposition of d a scientific, historical, or philosophical topics, he exploits the full gamut of histrionics of the popular TV lecturer…. Court. (p. Essay Writing. 65) Not all these techniques are successful. Essays. For his tours of remote regions of the great gatsby essay, universe, for example, Sagan takes viewers aboard his spaceship of the moot court, imagination. This is a spare construction, windowed and arched like a cathedral designed by a Bauhaus architect, bare except for a chair and a futuristic control console over which he waves his hands mysteriously. Writing Style Thesis. It is an apparently pointless. (The entire section is 2010 words.)

Cosmos and Sagan did not disappoint viewers' desires for a serious discussion of science and moot essays astronomy from a person so qualified to offer one. Indeed, a fair criticism of Cosmos is that the essay about education, scientific material presented—the theory of relativity, the lives of the stars, the conjecture of a fourth dimension—was too difficult for television discussion. Nonetheless, Sagan's skill as a teacher, as someone able to make the complex understandable, was always evident. It is doubtful that viewers could learn more about science in 13 hours than they did from court, Cosmos. This is the triumph of the series, and Sagan's performance is far superior to the travelogue narrations of many science-nature shows….