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AP 2005 English Language Free-Response Questions
c pointer homework Get via App Store Read this post in our app! How do pointer to pointers work in and comp essay prompts, C? How do pointers to jen scott curwood dissertation pointers work in C? When would you use them? Let's assume an 8 bit computer with 8 bit addresses (and thus only 256 bytes of memory). This is part of that memory (the numbers at the top are the addresses): What you can see here, is that at address 63 the string hello starts. So in this case, if this is the ap lang argument essay prompts only occurrence of hello in describe childhood, memory then, . defines c to be a pointer to the (read-only) string hello, and thus contains the value 63. Ap Lang Argument Prompts! c must itself be stored somewhere: in the example above at describe essay location 58. Argument Essay Prompts! Of course we can not only point to characters, but also to other pointers. E.g.: Now cp points to on importance of newspaper c , that is, it contains the ap lang and comp argument prompts address of expository frame, c (which is 58). We can go even further. Ap Lang And Comp Essay! Consider: Now cpp stores the address of cp . So it has value 55 (based on the example above), and you guessed it: it is itself stored at address 60. As to why one uses pointers to pointers:
The name of an essay on importance in english array usually yields the address of its first element. So if the array contains elements of ap lang and comp argument, type t , a reference to the array has type t * . Now consider an array of arrays of type t : naturally a reference to this 2D array will have type (t *)* = t ** , and is hence a pointer to a pointer. Even though an array of curwood, strings sounds one-dimensional, it is in fact two-dimensional, since strings are character arrays. Hence: char ** . And Comp Argument! A function f will need to accept an argument of type t ** if it is to expository frame alter a variable of type t * . Many other reasons that are too numerous to list here. How do pointers to pointers work in C? First a pointer is a variable, like any other variable, but that holds the address of and comp prompts, a variable. A pointer to a pointer is a variable, like any other variable, but that holds the address of a variable. That variable just happens to essay frame be a pointer. Ap Lang And Comp Argument Prompts! You can use them when you need to return a pointer to some memory on the heap, but not using the return value. And you call it like this: There are other uses too, like the main() argument of expository essay, every C program has a pointer to a pointer for argv, where each element holds an array of chars that are the command line options. You must be careful though when you use pointers of pointers to point to 2 dimensional arrays, it's better to and comp essay use a pointer to of newspaper in english a 2 dimensional array instead. Why it's dangerous?
Here is an example of a pointer to a 2 dimensional array done properly: You can't use a pointer to a 2 dimensional array though if you want to support a variable number of elements for the ROWS and COLUMNS. But when you know before hand you would use a 2 dimensional array. I like this real world code example of pointer to pointer usage, in and comp, Git 2.0, commit 7b1004b: Linus once said: I actually wish more people understood the really core low-level kind of coding. Not big, complex stuff like the caspa essay lockless name lookup, but simply good use of and comp essay, pointers-to-pointers etc. For example, I've seen too many people who delete a singly-linked list entry by keeping track of the your childhood prev entry, and then to delete the entry, doing something like. and ap lang, whenever I see code like that, I just go This person doesn't understand pointers.
And it's sadly quite common. People who understand pointers just use a pointer to the entry pointer , and initialize that with the address of the list_head. And then as they traverse the list, they can remove the entry without using any conditionals, by just doing a. Applying that simplification lets us lose 7 lines from this function even while adding 2 lines of comment. Expository Frame! Imagine you have a linked list defined as: You need to iterate over it from the beginning to end and remove a specific element whose value equals the value of ap lang and comp argument, to_remove. Essay! The more obvious way to do this would be: What we are doing above is: iterating over the list until entry is NULL , which means we’ve reached the end of the list (line 4).
When we come across an entry we want removed (line 5), we assign the value of current next pointer to the previous one, thus eliminating the current element (line 7). There is a special case above - at and comp the beginning of the iteration there is no previous entry ( prev is NULL ), and so to describe your childhood remove the first entry in the list you have to modify head itself (line 9). What Linus was saying is that the above code could be simplified by making the previous element a pointer to a pointer rather than just a pointer . The code then looks like this: The above code is very similar to the previous variant, but notice how we no longer need to watch for the special case of the first element of the list, since pp is not NULL at the beginning. Simple and clever. Also, someone in that thread commented that the essay reason this is describe your, better is because *pp = entry-next is atomic. And Comp Argument Essay! It is most certainly NOT atomic . The above expression contains two dereference operators ( * and - ) and one assignment, and neither of those three things is atomic. This is a common misconception, but alas pretty much nothing in C should ever be assumed to be atomic (including the ++ and -- operators)! When covering pointers on a programming course at university, we were given two hints as to how to begin learning about them. The first was to view Pointer Fun With Binky. The second was to think about the Haddocks' Eyes passage from Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking-Glass. “You are sad,” the Knight said in on importance in english, an anxious tone: “Let me sing you a song to comfort you.” “Is it very long?” Alice asked, for she had heard a good deal of ap lang and comp, poetry that day. “It's long,” said the Knight, “but it's very, very beautiful.
Everybody that hears me sing it - either it brings the tears to their eyes, or else -” “Or else what?” said Alice, for phd thesis the Knight had made a sudden pause. “Or else it doesn't, you know. The name of the ap lang and comp essay prompts song is called ‘Haddocks' Eyes.’” “Oh, that's the name of the song, is it? Alice said, trying to feel interested. “No, you don't understand,” the Knight said, looking a little vexed. “That's what the name is acknowledgement, called. The name really is ‘The Aged Aged Man.’” “Then I ought to have said ‘That's what the song is called’?” Alice corrected herself. “No, you oughtn't: that's quite another thing!
The song is and comp argument essay prompts, called ‘Ways And Means’: but that's only what it's called, you know!” “Well, what is the song, then?” said Alice, who was by this time completely bewildered. “I was coming to essay that,” the and comp argument essay prompts Knight said. “The song really is ‘A-sitting On A Gate’: and the tune's my own invention.” Hope this helps to phd thesis acknowledgement clarify some basic doubts. When a reference to a pointer is required. Ap Lang And Comp Argument Essay Prompts! For example, when you wish to modify the value (address pointed to) of a pointer variable declared in a calling function's scope inside a called function. If you pass a single pointer in as an argument, you will be modifying local copies of the essay of newspaper in english pointer, not the original pointer in the calling scope. With a pointer to a pointer, you modify the latter. Argument Essay! A pointer to a pointer is also called a handle . Caspa! One usage for it is often when an object can be moved in ap lang essay, memory or removed. One is often responsible to lock and unlock the usage of the object so it will not be moved when accessing it.
It's often used in memory restricted environment, ie the Palm OS. You have a variable that contains an address of something. That's a pointer. Then you have another variable that contains the address of the first variable. That's a pointer to pointer. it's a pointer to the pointer's address value. (that's terrible I know) basically, it lets you pass a pointer to the value of the describe childhood essay address of another pointer, so you can modify where another pointer is pointing from a sub function, like: A pointer to pointer is, well, a pointer to pointer. A meaningfull example of someType** is a bidimensional array: you have one array, filled with pointers to other arrays, so when you write. you access at the array that contains pointers to other arrays in his 5th position, get the pointer (let fpointer his name) and then access the and comp essay prompts 6th element of the essay in english array referenced to that array (so, fpointer). Ap Lang Argument Essay! Consider the below figure and program to understand this concept better . As per the figure, ptr1 is caspa essay, a single pointer which is having address of ap lang argument essay prompts, variable num . Similarly ptr2 is a pointer to pointer(double pointer) which is having the address of pointer ptr1 . A pointer which points to another pointer is known as double pointer.
In this example ptr2 is a double pointer. How it works: It is a variable that can store another pointer. When would you use them : Many uses one of them is if your function wants to construct an jen scott dissertation array and ap lang essay, return it to the caller.
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AP ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION 2014 - …
Sample Essay Responses and Rater Commentary for the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in response to argument essay the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for that score. Acknowledgement! For a more complete understanding of the criteria for each score point, see the Analyze an Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and ap lang prompts the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. The city government should for that reason devote more money in phd thesis, this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities.
Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument prompts, argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on jen scott the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to ap lang and comp essay devote more money to curwood dissertation riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on river use. It is easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is ap lang and comp argument rife with holes and assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of city residents, the jen scott dissertation, author reports city resident's love of water sports.
It is not clear, however, the scope and validity of that survey. Ap Lang And Comp Argument! For example, the acknowledgement, survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports. The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know.
Unless the survey is fully representative, valid, and reliable, it can not be used to effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly. Ap Lang Argument! While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and the river's current state is not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of essay, people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints. To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the and comp argument, river. Building upon the implication that residents do not use the river due to the quality of the essay night, river's water and the smell, the author suggests that a river clean up will result in argument prompts, increased river usage. If the river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. Phd Thesis! For example, if the decreased water quality and aroma is caused by pollution by argument prompts factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied. But if the quality and phd thesis aroma results from the ap lang and comp prompts, natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to the geography of the area. This is essay not something likely to and comp be afffected by a clean-up.
Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. Regardless of whether the river's quality is able to be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to a city's property values, leads to increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of life for residents. For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities. However, this author's argument is not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 6.
This insightful response identifies important assumptions and thoroughly examines their implications. The essay shows that the proposal to spend more on riverside recreational facilities rests on jen scott curwood dissertation three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for budget planning that the river’s pollution and ap lang and comp essay prompts odor are the describe your childhood essay, only reasons for its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the ap lang and comp essay prompts, water and remove the odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the acknowledgement, weakness of the entire argument. For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and might have contained very few questions on water sports. Paragraph 3 examines the tenuous connection between complaints and essay prompts limited use of the river for night market recreation. Complaints about water quality and odor may be coming from only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in and comp, reducing river usage. Essay Frame! Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. For example, note the clear transitions at the beginning of paragraphs 3 and argument 4, as well as the logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4). Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently.
Note the effective word choices (e.g., rife with . . . assumptions and expository frame may have swayed residents). In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of ap lang and comp essay, subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 6. The author of this proposal to increase the budget for jen scott curwood dissertation Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to ap lang and comp prompts move forward on caspa application the proposal would definitely require more information and thought. While the correlations stated are logical and probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the essay prompts, City from diverting resources to phd thesis this project. For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is that such high regard for and comp argument essay prompts water sports will translate into usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior.
Many surveys conducted after the phd thesis, winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and ap lang and comp prompts weight loss as a top priority. Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership. Even the wording of the expository, survey results remain ambiguous and and comp essay prompts vague. Describe Childhood! While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for many other favorites. What remains unknown is the priorities of the essay prompts, general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to sacrifice the municipal golf course for better riverside facilities? Indeed the survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of improved facilities. Closely linked to the surveys is the bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in increased usage. On Importance In English! While it is not illogical to expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the ap lang essay, river?
The answer to this question requires a survey to find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to usage or the essay, lack of docks and ap lang and comp argument prompts piers? Are people more interested in water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the phd thesis acknowledgement, city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget. Likewise, the author is optimistic regarding the state promise to clean the river.
We need to hear the source of the argument essay prompts, voices and consider any ulterior motives. Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the state representative? What is the timeline for essay in english the clean-up effort? Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the misuse of ap lang and comp argument, funds in renovating the application essay, riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the river clean-up. Last, the author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. The current budget situation must be assessed to determine if this increase can be afforded.
In a sense, the City may not be willing to draw money away from other key projects from road improvements to schools and education. The author naively assumes that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from. Examining all the and comp essay prompts, various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the budget. While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is required to warrant any action. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 5. Each paragraph in the body of describe, this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is argument essay crucial to the argument. The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the essay market, river will, in itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is both thoughtful and thorough. For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Thus, if the first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker.
Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate). Thus, the weakness of the third assumption undermines the argument that river recreation will increase and ap lang and comp prompts riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in of newspaper in english, a logical order and considers their connections. Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to the surveys or The answer to this question requires. Ap Lang! ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. The response uses a number of rhetorical questions, but the implied answers are always clear enough to support the caspa application, points being made. Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for a score of ap lang and comp argument prompts, 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6. The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the describe your, Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and ap lang and comp recreation. This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests.
However, even if the writer of the arguement is correct in assuming that the Mason River will be used more by phd thesis acknowledgement the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the ap lang and comp essay, Mason River, why should the phd thesis acknowledgement, city allot more money to fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for themselves, eliminating the need for the city government to devote more money to them. According to the arguement, the reason people are not using the ap lang and comp essay prompts, Mason River for water sports is because of the smell and the quality of water, not because the recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the budget is being cut from some other important city project. Also, if the assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the river for expository recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the money for the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to ap lang argument essay prompts clean up the jen scott dissertation, river to attract more people in ap lang and comp argument essay, the first place. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the Mason River will lead to increased recreational use that existing facilities along the river need more funding. Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the first assumption is questionable (e.g., residents may not have the night market, necessary time or money for water sports). Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and argument prompts may, in fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Thus, the response is adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to show how the argument depends on questionable assumptions.
However, this essay does not rise to a score of 5 because it fails to consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the survey is expository essay reliable or that the efforts to clean the river will be successful). Furthermore, the final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of its own. Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to ap lang argument prompts other projects will not be necessary, and essay of newspaper in english cleaning the river may provide other real benefits even if it is and comp prompts not used more for water sports. This response is generally free of errors in grammar and usage and displays sufficient control of language to support a score of 4. Surveys are created to speak for the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Mason City residents concluded that the residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation. If that is so evident, why has the river not been used? The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department.
The city park department can only do as much as they observe. The real issue is not the residents use of the river, but their desire for a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight. If the city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to go away. If the budget is expository essay frame changed to accomodate the clean up of the Mason River, other problems will arise. The residents will then begin to ap lang essay prompts complain about other issues in their city that will be ignored because of the application, great emphasis being placed on Mason River. If more money is taken out of the budget to clean the river an assumption can be made. This assumption is that the budget for another part of cit maintenance or building will be tapped into to. In addition, to and comp essay prompts the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. Jen Scott Dissertation! The government is ap lang prompts trying to appease its residents, and one can warrant that the role of the government is to please the people.
There are many assumptions being made; however, the government can not make the assumption that people want the river to be cleaned so that they can use it for recreational water activities. The government has to realize the long term effects that their decision will have on the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. Even though much of expository essay frame, this essay is tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the argument’s assumptions. The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the survey might have been flawed. Then the response drifts to irrelevant matters a defense of the city park department, a prediction of budget problems and the problem of ap lang and comp argument prompts, pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the curwood, original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to complain about other issues and argument prompts This assumption is that the budget for dissertation another part of city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Near the end, the response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for recreation. Hence, the proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified. In summary, the language in this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of and comp argument, unstated assumptions remains limited and therefore earns a score of 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is essay of newspaper in english not logical.
First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at the first sentence. However, it seems to have a ralation between the first sentence and ap lang and comp argument essay the setence which mentions that increase the quality of the river's water and caspa the river's smell. This is a wrong cause and essay prompts result to phd thesis solve the ap lang prompts, problem. Second, as a reponse to the complaints from residents, the state plan to clean up the river. Frame! As a result, the state expects that water sports will increase. When you look at two sentences, the result is not appropriate for the cause. Third, the last statement is the conclusion. However, even though residents rank water sports, the city government might devote the budget to another issue. This statement is also a wrong cause and ap lang result. In summary, the statement is jen scott dissertation not logical because there are some errors in it. The supporting setences are not strong enough to support this issue.
Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to and comp essay prompts be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for the assigned task. In his/her vague references to causal fallacies, the writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to essay night market any unstated assumptions. Furthermore, several errors in grammar and sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is and comp argument essay not logical). Because this response does not follow the directions for essay of newspaper in english the assigned task and contains errors in sentence structure and logical development, it earns a score of 2. The statement assumes that everyone in Mason City enjoys some sort of recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. The statement also assumes that if the state cleans up the river, the use of the river for water sports will definitely increase.
Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1. The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient. Sentence 1 states an assumption that is actually not present in the argument, and sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of ap lang essay prompts, its implications. Essay Frame! Although the and comp argument prompts, response may begin to address the assigned task, it offers no development. As such, it is acknowledgement clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an organized response and earns a score of ap lang argument prompts, 1.
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101 College Grants You've Never Heard of: Most college-bound students are looking for ways to argument essay, supplement their education fund. It’s nearly impossible to pay for a college education without some form of financial aid. Loans, both federal and private, help thousands of students every year finance their education, but that money needs to be repaid and with interest. Before considering any form of phd thesis education loan, students need to investigate possible grants for which they may be qualified. Grant money for college never has to be repaid, and there are a wide array of grant programs designed to benefit every kind of student, and every course of study. Thousands of organizations, both public and private, have grant money to award to students who are struggling to cover the costs of their college tuition. Proper Research Will Lead You to the Grants You Need. Finding the right grant programs to help pay for college takes time, research and diligence. You can begin by talking to your high school advisers and teachers, and then continue your investigations on your own.
At this point the argument essay prompts, internet will be a primary tool in curwood dissertation your search for education grants, as will your local libraries. Any successful grant search begins with knowing yourself, your status as a student and argument essay, your academic interests. This will help you narrow your focus, and will allow you to curwood dissertation, eliminate those grant programs for which you are not eligible. Remember, there are need-based grants, merit-based grants and career specific grants, and the first step is understanding the type of program you’re looking for. For example, if you are an Hispanic woman going to college to become an ap lang essay accountant, you will want to search for grant programs that are dedicated to Latin-American female students enrolled in phd thesis acknowledgement business and accounting studies. Ap Lang And Comp Essay. Begin your grant search early, to allow yourself plenty of time to find, and apply to, the various grant programs for dissertation, which you may be eligible. As you begin to ap lang argument, search for possible education grants, you will find that they come in all shapes and sizes.
You will also find that many grant programs may be found in the most unlikely of places. Look deeply, leave no stone unturned, and you may find the necessary education grants that will help meet your college costs. The following list of education grants is essay expansive in ap lang and comp argument the scope of the programs it covers, but it is by no means exhaustive. Some of the 101 listings are for night, single grant programs, while others are a gateway to and comp, a list of further financial aid programs. At the expository, very least, these 101 Grants Opportunities will give you an ap lang argument prompts idea of the your childhood essay, vast array of programs that exist to help deserving students find the money they need for college. It should also, hopefully, give you the confidence to keep searching until you find the grant program that will benefit you. The U.S Department of Education’s Federal grant programs undoubtedly have the highest profile of any of the grants on this list. These grants are the starting point for and college-bound students looking to find financial aid for their post-secondary education. The Federal Pell Grant is available to students who demonstrate the requisite amount of financial need. Ap Lang. It is open to all college-bound students, and application is made by filling out and submitting the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or FAFSA. The Academic Competitiveness Grant is available to students who have already qualified for the Pell grant.
A grant award of $750 is available to freshman students, and a further award of up to $1300 is available to qualifying sophomores. The ACG is open to night market, students majoring in a critical need area, such as math, science, technology, engineering and foreign languages. The National SMART Grant is a continuation of the AC Grant, and is open to undergraduates in their third and fourth year of study. An annual grant award of argument essay $4000 is available juniors and seniors continuing their studies in science, mathematics, engineering and technology. The Boren Awards for International Study offers assistance to undergraduates traveling to phd thesis, study language and culture.
Emphasis is placed on those regions where knowledge of the local language and culture would benefit U.S. national security. The grant is part of the essay, National Security Education Program. The Benjamin A Gilman Award is open to undergraduate students for study abroad. The program is essay open to ap lang and comp argument, students who have already qualified for the Federal Pell Grant. The Gilman Award is a continuing program of the U.S. Department of dissertation State Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. Every state maintains its own college grant programs, and they are typically only available to student residents. While it would be impossible to list every education grant from each state in the union in the space available here, the following examples will give students an idea of the ap lang essay prompts, types of programs that may be available through their own state governments.
College-bound students are encouraged to visit their state’s higher education website for of newspaper in english, detailed information on any and all merit-based and ap lang and comp argument essay, need-based grant programs which may be available. The Central Alabama Community Foundation is a state based charitable organization. One of their main directives is to provide financial aid to eligible college-bound students from disadvantaged counties throughout Alabama. The Arizona Private Post-Secondary Education Student Financial Assistance Grant provides financial aid to resident students who have attended a community college, and wish to pursue their baccalaureate degree at essay a 4 year college or university within the state. The maximum award is $2000 per year. Colorado’s Department of Higher Education offers financial assistance to qualifying students in the form of undergraduate and graduate education grants, work study programs and various tuition assistance initiatives. These programs are open to resident students attending a participating Colorado college or university. The Kansas Board of Regents sponsors a number of grants and scholarships for resident students, including the Kansas Comprehensive Grant, the Kansas Nursing Service Scholarship and the Kansas teacher service Scholarship. Ap Lang And Comp Argument. Award amounts vary according to need and availability.
The state of Michigan offers eligible resident students the Michigan Tuition Grant. The MTG is available to undergraduate students with the requisite financial need. Awards are restricted to the cost of tuition. Jen Scott Curwood Dissertation. Texas offers a large number of financial aid programs for and comp prompts, its resident college-bound students through the College for All Texans initiative. Chief among the many grants and scholarships offered is the Texas Grant.
This need-based grant offers awards ranging from $4400 to $7400 depending on need, academic status and type of essay on importance of newspaper college being attended. The New York State Higher Education Services Corporation offers a wide range of grants, scholarships and loan forgiveness programs. The most notable examples include the NYS Tuition Assistance Program, the NYS Educational Opportunity Program and the NYS Math and Science Teaching Incentive Scholarship. Delaware’s Department of Higher Education sponsors a number of scholarships and grants for residents students including the Scholarship Incentive Program and the Governor’s Education Grant for Unemployed Adults. Awards are based on need as well as merit, and are open to to all Delaware residents.
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The University Film and Video Association sponsors the Carole Fielding Student Grant. Up to $1000 is awarded annually to undergraduate and graduate students pursuing a degree in film and televisual arts. The Academy of Art University offers their annual Portfolio Grant for visual artists. 300 grants are awarded yearly to undergraduate students. Applicants must submit a sample portfolio, and eligibility is dissertation determined by academic merit and artistic achievement. Ap Lang Essay. The Arch and Bruce Brown Foundation awards annual grants to student playwrights.
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Award amounts range from ap lang and comp essay $5000 for Master’s students to $10,000 for describe your childhood, Doctoral students. USTA Serves, the National Charitable Foundation of the United States Tennis Association, provides both scholarship and grant opportunities for tennis playing students from at risk backgrounds. Programs include the annual Okechi Womeodu Scholar Athlete Grant . The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants sponsors a wide variety of grants, scholarships and fellowships for student members. Awards range from $2500 to $5000. The Military Order of the Purple Heart Service Foundation offers scholarships and ap lang and comp, grants to dependent students of military veterans who have been awarded the Purple Heart. Award amounts vary, and applicants must be enrolled in business studies at night an accredited university or college. State Farm Insurance supports a number of grant and scholarship programs for the college-bound dependents of active and retired employees. Applicants must be attending an accredited university or college, and be enrolled in prompts business studies. Award amounts range from $2500 to $8000. The National Science Foundation supports the Computing Education for the 21st Century Grant. The annual award targets undergraduate and in english, graduate students who are pursuing a career in computer technology.
30 grants are awarded annually. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers offers a number of grant and scholarship programs, including the IEEE Computational Society Summer Research Grant for graduate students. This grant funds the research of deserving student scholars into the areas of neural networking and evolutionary computation. Award amounts range from $1000 to $4000. Argument Essay Prompts. The American Hotel and Lodging Educational Foundation sponsors a number of grant and scholarship programs for essay night, students enrolled in a hospitality management program at argument essay prompts a partnering college, university or technical school. The AH LEF awards as much as $390,000 in grants and scholarships annually. The Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University offers fellowships grants for working journalists who are returning to college to expand their education in various journalistic fields. Programs include the Reynolds Fellowship in Community Journalism and the Arts Culture Reporting Fellowship . Award amounts vary depending of course of study. The Council for the Advancement of Science Writing supports a variety of grants and fellowships for journalism students pursuing a career in science and describe your childhood, technology reporting. Fellowships for graduate students are awarded annually in the amount of $5000.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institutionis dedicated to the preservation of the world’s oceans. The WHOI offers the ap lang argument, annual Ocean Science Journalism Fellowship for graduate students pursuing research in oceanographic and ocean engineering-related journalism. Ohio University administers the Kiplinger Program in Public Affairs Journalism Fellowship. This program is aimed at working journalists who are returning to college to pursue further studies in Public Affairs Reporting. Emphasis is on journalism in the age of curwood digital media. The American Statistical Association administers the Gertrude M. Cox Grant for Women. The purpose of the grant is to encourage women to enter the historically male dominated field of statistics. And Comp Argument Essay Prompts. The grant is open to women pursuing their mathematical studies at the graduate level. Alpha Mu Theta, the National High School and Two Year College Honor Society, sponsors merit-based grants and scholarships for low-income students. Eligible students must be able to demonstrate a strong proficiency in mathematics.
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The grant is administered through the University of Wisconsin. The Western Society of Malacolgists sponsors an annual Student Research Grant for graduate students engaged in marine biology research at an accredited university or college. The grant is specific to students who are specializing in the study of mollusks. The Evolving Earth Foundation is and comp dedicated to the research and dissertation, better understanding of the history of the Earth and its environmental future. The EEF sponsors a Student Grant Program for students pursuing their studies in earth sciences at the graduate level. Historically underrepresented groups, such as African-Americans, Native-Americans, Asian-Americans and Hispanics, are often eligible for higher education grants. Funding for these grant programs comes from ap lang prompts a variety of sources, both public and private.
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The Asian American Journalists Association is dedicated to the advancement of Asian-Americans in both broadcast, print and digital media journalism. Ap Lang And Comp Prompts. The AAJA sponsors both the Internship Grant for Broadcasting and the Chicago Tribune Print and New Media Internship Grant . Awards amounts range from $1500 to $2000. The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants sponsors a variety of grants and scholarships for minority students pursuing a career in accounting. The AICPA Minority Doctoral Fellowship awards $12,000 to minority students completing their doctoral program in accounting. Essay Night. The fellowship is open to African-American, Native-American and Hispanic students. Ap Lang Essay. The American Society of Criminology offers it’s annual Graduate Fellowship for Ethnic Minorities. The program is designed to encourage students of essay color to pursue a career in criminology. Applicants are eligible for an annual award of $6000. Women still face many challenges when entering the professional workforce. While progress continues to be made, women remain underrepresented in a number of critical fields including science, medicine and ap lang essay, business.
In an effort to redress this imbalance, many lucrative grant opportunities are made available for phd thesis acknowledgement, female college students. The Margaret McNamara Memorial Fund, supported by ap lang and comp argument the World Bank Group, offers an annual grant of $12,000 to female students from expository developing countries who are studying in the Unites States. Eligible recipients must be planning to return to their home country to use their degrees for the betterment of their homeland. Ap Lang And Comp Argument Prompts. The American Association of University Women supports a number of jen scott dissertation Selected Profession Fellowships designed to encourage women to return to college to ap lang and comp prompts, expand their career opportunities. Grants are available for women pursuing careers in law, engineering, medicine and computer science. The International Federation of University Women sponsors fellowships and grants for graduate students who wish to study abroad as they complete their doctoral research.
Applicants must be student members of the IFUW to be considered for any award. Award amounts vary depending on course of study, and travel costs. The Jeanette Ranking Foundation awards need-based education grants to women 35 and older. Describe Childhood. The foundation’s purpose is to give women the educational power they need to break the cycle of poverty. Zonta International is dedicated to advancing the status of women worldwide.
Zonta sponsors the annual Amelia Earhart Fellowship, which provides a grant of ap lang and comp essay $10,000 to women pursuing their PhD in Aerospace studies. Grants for students with disabilities come from a variety of sources, and address a variety of different needs. Some grant programs are designed to describe childhood essay, help disabled students find their place in a traditional college campus environment, while others may offer financial aid to ap lang essay, students attending a special needs school. Most grants for disabled students are specific to the applicants handicap, though some may be broadly applied to all disabled students. The Chair Scholars Foundation provides grant and scholarship opportunities to students with physical disabilities. The foundation is dedicated to helping low-income students with physical disabilities afford college or vocational training. The Jewish Guild for your, the Blind is one of the longest established advocacy groups for the visually impaired. JGB sponsors the annual Guild Scholar Award for college-bound students who are legally blind. Ap Lang And Comp Essay. Applicants are eligible for up to $15,000 in award money. The Ethel Louise Armstrong Foundation offers an annual scholarship for women with disabilities. Applicants must be currently enrolled in your childhood essay a Masters degree program at an accredited college or university.
Award amounts range from $500 to $2000. Non-traditional students include those people who are returning to college after a prolonged absence, or those students returning for specific training for career advancement. Often women returning to college after raising a family, or single parents pursuing career advancement through education will fall into ap lang, this category. Non-traditional students may also refer to those students who are changing from acknowledgement a technical school to a four year college or university. Soroptimist International of the Americas funds the Women’s Opportunity Awards, which provide financial aid for women who wish to return to and comp prompts, college. Applicants must be the primary financial support for their household, and must be returning to school to improve their career skills. Executive Women International sponsors the Adult Students in Scholastic Transition Award . ASIST is acknowledgement available to adult students who are facing economic and social challenges, and who want to improve their situation through higher education. The annual award is $2500.
P.E.O. International is dedicated to providing educational opportunities to women. P.E.O. And Comp Argument Prompts. supports a number of grants for curwood, women returning to college after a prolonged absence. Emphasis is on ap lang and comp argument career training and advancement in traditionally male dominated fields. Denny’s Single Parent Scholarship Fund provides need-based grants for single parents of Hispanic background who are returning to college to advance their education. Award amounts range from phd thesis acknowledgement $500 to $1500. Students with Severe Medical Conditions/Diseases. All college-bound students face enormous challenges when it comes to financing their education. Students who are fighting, or have survived, a serious disease face an additional emotional challenge as they plan for their college education. Many charitable organizations provide much needed financial support for ap lang and comp essay, students with severe medical conditions, helping them achieve their dreams of a higher education.
The Diabetes Scholars Foundation provides grants and scholarships for college students with Type 1 Diabetes. Phd Thesis Acknowledgement. Awards are decided on a combination of academic merit, community service and financial need. The Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network offers an annual $1500 award for and comp argument essay, students with severe allergies. Applicants must submit an essay on the effect their allergies has had on their lives. This program has been discontinued. The Susan G. Komen Foundation is one of the best known advocates for expository, the treatment and prevention of breast cancer.
The foundation sponsors both grants and scholarships for students who have lost a parent to breast cancer. Awards of argument essay up to $10,000 are available, and are decided on a combination of scholastic achievement, community service and financial need. The Cancer Survivors Fund provides an abundance of financial aid for survivors of cancer, including scholarships and jen scott curwood, grants to help offset the cost of a college education. The search for college grants can lead to some very unique financial aid opportunities. College-bound students looking for education grants will soon find there are programs to ap lang argument prompts, address almost any interest. The following grants are examples of the diverse types of essay financial aid programs that are available to the enterprising student searching for a way to offset the cost of their higher education. Ap Lang And Comp Argument. These examples also prove that focusing on your interests can lead you to financial aid opportunities which could otherwise go overlooked. The Harry S. Truman Library Institute Research Grants Program offers a number of fellowships and scholar awards for graduate students working on research relating to former President Harry Truman.
Award amounts vary depending on the program, anywhere from $2500 to $16,000. The American Association of Cereal Chemists International sponsors a number of annual fellowship grants for graduate students pursuing research into cereal and essay night market, grain-based food science. Awards range from $2000 to $3000. Applicants must be student members of the AACC to be considered for the award. The Massage Therapy Foundation provides grants to students and individuals conducting research in the field of massage therapy. Award amounts are decided by review board, and applicants must submit an outline of their research project for consideration. Team America Rocket Challenge annually rewards ten high school teams for their excellence in model rocket design. Annual awards include $60,000 in cash and and comp essay, scholarships to on importance in english, be shared amongst the ten finalists. The National Make It With Wool Contest is open to college students aged 17 24.
The competition involves the design, manufacture and modeling of an original woolen garment. First prize at the national level is ap lang and comp argument a $1000 education grant. The American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) sponsors the Rhoads Research Foundation Grants. These grants are open to graduate students and post-graduate professionals conducting research into of newspaper, clinical nutrition. Award amounts range from $16,000 to $25,000. The Jewish Vocational Services of Chicago offers grant opportunities to Jewish college students who are residents of Cook County and the Chicago Metropolitan area. Preference is given to those students who are pursuing careers in community service. The Council on International Education Exchange supports the John Bowman Travel Grant for ap lang and comp argument prompts, students who are studying abroad. Emphasis is on non-traditional regions including Africa, Asia and Latin America. All awards are $1000.
Huntingdon College supports a number of grants for essay on importance in english, both undergraduate and graduate students. These programs include the ap lang prompts, Scarlet and Grey Grant for members of the college’s marching band and dance team, and the Cross and Flame Grant for active members of the Methodist church. Award amounts range from $4000 to $10,000. The Endangered Language Fund supports grants for curwood dissertation, graduate and post-doctoral students who are studying ancient languages. Special emphasis is given to the preservation of Native-American languages.
For more information on college grants, and how to find them, see our section on Education Grant Benefits and Opportunities.
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AP Language and Composition Prompts (1981 to 2011)
Introduction to ap lang prompts Musical Theatre Essay. The concept of musical theatre combines the drama and plot of a stage play with a musical component; the essay market, extent of and comp argument, this musical collaboration has changed over essay, the years, from operas to orchestras to ap lang full-fledged plays. From its humble beginnings to its current status as Broadway spectacle, the art form has carried a great influence in the world of performance. In this essay, a detailed history of musical theatre, from its infancy to now, will be explored. Musical theatre has had a long, storied history; the style dates all the way back to ancient Greek theatre, back in the 5th century BCE. In that time, Greek comedies and phd thesis acknowledgement, tragedies almost always had a musical component; songs and dance were common to ap lang argument essay prompts the plays of Aeschylus and Sophocles, who acted as composers and choreographers to phd thesis acknowledgement their own works. In Rome in the 3rd century BCE, Plautus wrote comedies that also had orchestrations and choreographed dances to their songs.
Roman theatre also innovated the process of dancing, creating crude tap shoes called sabilla , which were chips of metal attached to the shoes of performers to make their steps easier to hear and notice in the large theatres they played in. The Middle Ages saw theatre take a much more mobile, nomadic route to performance; with traveling minstrels moving from town to town and ap lang and comp argument prompts, village to village, performing songs and on importance in english, small routines. Small troupes of performers would do the same, offering slapstick-filled, delightful plays they would offer to argument essay prompts those who would watch them. Of Newspaper In English. The 12th and 13th centuries saw the ap lang, musical theatre advent of religious dramas, like The Play of Daniel and The Play of Herod ; these dramatic works would have church chants interspersed within them, offering that musical component. Essay Of Newspaper In English. This would evolve into the mystery play, which told a story of the ap lang argument, Bible in phd thesis acknowledgement a musical manner. The mobility of performing troupes would also be made more efficient through the and comp prompts, advent of pageant wagons. These were mobile stages the dissertation, troupe would bring with them to provide added production value to their plays; they would settle down, perform their show, and pack up. These shows often consisted of poetic forms, prose dialogue, and musical numbers. In the Renaissance, musical theatre took a giant leap forward with the ap lang and comp essay prompts, development of commedia dell’arte, a type of musical theatre where well-known stories were improvised by actors using the art of night market, clown to create broad humor throughout. Music became a large part of Jacobean and Elizabethan plays; lutes, organs, pipes and more would play during these performances in order to enhance a scene.
Often, if a play was a tragedy or a heavier historical, it would be interrupted with short plays filled with music to add levity. This is where the jig was created; jiggs were broad, farcical afterpieces that followed these heavier works. In the Tudor period, court masques were created, where the ap lang and comp essay prompts, first inklings of modern musical theatre were created. In these masques, elaborate set designs were combined with elegant and detailed costuming, as well as performances that combined singing, dancing and acting to music. Curwood. The purpose of these masques were often to flatter a royal patron or nobility that was in the audience at the time.
The masques were popular types of theatre created by playwrights such as Ben Jonson and William Shakespeare. Soon, just the musical components of ap lang and comp argument essay, masques would be made into essay market operas altogether; acting as sung plays that would be the first templates of musical theatre. The famous French playwright Moliere created farces that would have musical components to argument essay them (song and dance numbers interspersed within the work). These developments led to phd thesis the creation of English opera; some of the more famous playwrights were Thomas Shadwell, John Blow, Henry Purcell, and more. By 1685, however, English opera started to lose its luster. In the 1700s, musical theatre in and comp argument England developed into two distinct varieties: ballad operas and comic operas. The Beggar’s Opera by John Gay is the quintessential example of the ballad opera; it offered new lyrics spoofing the popular songs of the time, the olde English equivalent of a jukebox musical. Essay. Comic opera, on the other hand, carried a romantic plot set to original music; The Bohemian Girl by argument prompts Michael Balfe is a fine example of a comic opera. In the meantime, lighter, more fleeting forms of dissertation, opera were being created, like Comedie en vaudeville and opera comique, which led to the notions of burlesque, melodramas, vaudevilla, and the notion of the music hall. Since many London theatres only got a license as a music hall, plays had to have music in them; therefore, musical theatre became a more popular part of theatrical life in ap lang England, and this led to the popularization of melodramas and burlettas. In Colonial America, the first real presence of theatre to be found did not happen until 1752, when a theatre was formed in Williamsburg, Virginia by William Hallam, which performed classic English plays.
Soon after, however, they moved to The Beggar’s Opera and describe your childhood, other ballad operas and farces in New York. This theatrical presence slowly morphed into what would become Broadway in the 1920s and 1930s. Ap Lang And Comp. These early plays were the first to be widely recorded and toured, with hundreds of performances in a single run for in english, many musical plays. The further evolution of and comp essay, musical theatre came with the development of the your childhood, operette, which was created in 1850 by the French composer Herve. These were light musical comedies that would often provide broad satire and wit to the stage, combined with bright melodies and high energy. These would be the model for argument essay prompts, all musical theatre that would come after it. After Jacques Offenbach and Johann Strauss II would develop the style further, it would become popularized in the works of Gilbert and Sullivan, Irving Berlin and Rodgers and Hammerstein. The music hall and musical burlesques would comprise the majority of musical theatre in 19th century England. The Black Crook proved to acknowledgement be the very first play that would fit the argument, modern conception of the musical – this combined dance and original music which would supplement the jen scott curwood dissertation, straightforward story being told. In 1866, this play premiered in New York and became a staggering success.
Other musical comedies came out around this year, and the late 19th century saw comedic musical theatre that spoke to the common man, adding legitimacy to the theatrical proceedings. The stories were no longer broad, royal farce; they were meant to be more legitimate, with complex plotting and significant characters. By landing more reputable singers like Vivienne Segal, Fay Templeton and more, they offered significant credentials to those who put on these plays. Once the modern musical was developed, there were other changes to theatrical procedure that allowed for longer runs. With street lights and electricity, it was safer to come out at night; therefore, night shows became the norm, adding a larger number of performances for ap lang and comp argument prompts, each show. With the money that came from the added revenue these extra shows afforded them, production value of Broadway and West End shows increased substantially. Gilbert and Sullivan began producing large comic opera shows that would become extremely popular around this time; shows like HMS Pinafore and The Mikado , as well as The Pirates of Penzance , were family friendly and very accessible, leading to worldwide success. Due to on importance of newspaper in english their unparalleled success, the standards for theatrical popularity changed dramatically. Gilbert and Sullivan also pioneered several conventions of the and comp argument, modern musical as well; in their shows, the dialogue and the lyrics were combined to phd thesis acknowledgement make the story more understandable and sensible, even with the integration of music into argument prompts the performance. P.G.
Wodehouse, Ira Gershwin, Irving Berlin, Andrew Lloyd Weber and more would take this particular style of comic opera and caspa application, develop it further. The Savoy operas in the 1880s began to ap lang enjoy considerable success in America as well. Jen Scott. Unlike the tawdry sensibilities of previous musicals, these shows were thought to be family friendly and respectable, something that was harder to look down upon. Before these developments, musical theatre was often thought to argument essay prompts be for frame, perverts, a much seedier audience; now, theatre was for everyone, especially musical theatre. Broadway saw its fair share of musicals in essay the 1890s as well; attempting to your ape Gilbert and Sullivan, many copycat productions took place, like El Capitan by John Philip Sousa. Ragtime became more popular as a freeform style of theatre, a different, more fast-paced and modern variety of vaudeville. Musical comedies continued throughout the ap lang prompts, early 20th century, through Tin Pan Alley-composed songs. In Broadway, the runs were shorter than in the West End (never reaching thousands of performances like some Gilbert and Sullivan shows), but often would have longer tours with the essay on importance of newspaper, original cast. In the “Gay Nineties” (the subjectively wonderful 1890s in England, as they were known), musicals were becoming more popular on argument essay, the London Stage. George Edwardes took over the Gaiety Theatre, seeking to change it from the bawdy burlesque show that it was and providing a straightforward, light musical alternative to the heavy, absurdist and politically charged Savoy operas that were the essay, flavor at the time. He decided to ap lang and comp argument try doing family friendly, breezy, lighthearted comic romances, combined with style and spectacle.
While there were burlesque elements to them, there were also comic opera traditions sprinkled throughout, and the replacement of caspa essay, low-class burlesque dancers with respectable dancers and singers. These types of plays were such a success, they would determine the next thirty years of musical theatre in London. Many of these plays, like The Shop Girl and A Runaway Girl , followed the tropes of ap lang, romances where the poor maiden falls in love with royalty, and application, faces many obstacles before finally winning him. These set the tone for and comp argument essay prompts, musical comedies that would sweep across the face of musical theatre in both England and America, as many other theatres would copy these shows with increasing complexity, including Sidney Jones’ The Geisha and San Toy . During this time, the operetta had been essentially removed from the English stage due to describe your childhood essay the prevalence of Edwardian musical comedies, but it made a comeback in the early 20th century with the operetta The Merry Widow, which premiered in 1907 in London and Broadway. This success led to the direct competition of musicals and operettas for the next few years, with new and old operettas being brought out on the stages of ap lang essay prompts, both American and England. New operettas that premiered at this time included the works of Victor Herbert ( Babes in Toyland, The Red Mill, The Fortune Teller ), and modern musical plays that were a bit more intimate. In an attempt to cash in on the still-popular Gilbert and Sullivan-style musical, P.G. Widehouse, Jerome Kern and night, Guy Bolton all came out with “Princess Theatre shows,” which offered light entertainment while remaining continuous with its songs and plot, offering a complete, detailed and complex story throughout. Unlike the broader comedies of the time, and which had come before, situational comedies had a much greater influence, and the characters were more realistic. The songs were actually used to develop the argument essay, characters or move the plot along; this was a breakthrough in the plotting and development of musical theatre.
With the advent of the Princess Theatre musicals, these lighter shows proved they could integrate song and story just as well as Gilbert and Sullivan could. The theatre experienced a boom in business with the start of World War I; given the night market, devastation of the battlefield and the front, audiences flocked to ap lang and comp prompts the stages in order to get some escapism. Irene , a play by frame Harry Tiernet and and comp argument essay prompts, Joseph McCarthy, premiered in 1919 to widespread popularity, holding the Broadway record for longest run (670 performances) for a long time. While those were impressive by American standards, they held nothing to the British capacity for holding a musical run; Chu Chow Chow ran for over two thousands performances. Revues started to become popular, as they incorporated light, multi-act performances that offered variety. As the 20th century chugged along, American musical theatre began to expository essay frame take dominance in ap lang argument essay both popularity and quality. The Theatrical Syndicate, led by Charles Frohman, spearheaded the development of shows like the Princess Theatre shows and many other Tin Pan Alley-inspired musicals.
Jazz and ragtime became a much more popular component of modern musicals at the time, and the Gershwin brothers, as well as Irving Berlin and others, started to get shows produced. This shift in American musical theatre’s popularity was due to the changes in society that were happening at caspa application essay the time; the increase in vernacular and and comp argument, naturalism that was desired by essay audiences of the ap lang and comp essay, modern era led to expository essay a slow death of the broad, the theatrical and essay prompts, the operatic. Shows and musicals were more direct with their plot, their characters and their intentions, and tradition gave way to innovation. The Roaring Twenties saw the advent of the motion picture, and expository frame, its rise in popularity; this proved to be a challenge for theatres. Even though they were silent at first, and argument prompts, so could not offer the audio component of theatre, the creation of talking films like The Jazz Singer meant that it offered a real threat to live theatre. Musicals in that era started to bring in bigger stars and greater spectacle, offering loudness and on importance of newspaper, music hall sensibilities in lieu of complex plotting and character development. Despite the fact that there was not a whole lot tying these glorified revues together, they proved extremely popular and and comp prompts, light entertainment. Theatre writers began to transition into phd thesis popular music, as most of the music people were listening to at the ap lang argument essay, time was what they heard in these reviews and vaudeville shows.
Production values increased substantially during this time, making the musical more expensive to produce than ever. The concept of standards became popular in the 1920s; the lighthearted shows were never that memorable ( Sally, Oh, Kay! ), but their songs would stick in the public’s mind. Night. As a result, they would be covered by a variety of popular music artists, like Cole Porter, Marilyn Miller, Fred Astaire. Operettas also came back into the limelight for a time, and Noel Coward and other composers started to enjoy newfound popularity. Show Boat in ap lang and comp argument essay 1927 proved to be one of the in english, most complex mixes of score and book that there had been to and comp prompts date; even the Princess Theatre musicals lacked this level of expository essay frame, sophistication. There existed dramatic themes that were told with every component of the show, from the movement to the setting. And Comp Argument Prompts. This integration of production value with narrative complexity that rivaled anything that had come before. While this was popular, events like the Great Depression led to people going back to jen scott lighter entertainment. When the Great Depression hit, it left people with little money to entertain themselves with; this mean substantially reduced ticket sales. It was also cheaper to go to the ‘talkies’ than see a show, making it even more challenging for prompts, theatres to essay on importance of newspaper find an audience. Vaudeville was eliminated by musical films, as they agreed to be filmed for argument essay, one-off shows that effectively killed future live performances of their work.
There were still Show Boat -like shows that were great hits for those who could afford the ticket price; Of Thee I Sing was the first musical that was given the Pulitzer Prize. Anything Goes cemented singers like Ethel Merman, who would become the queen of musical theatre due to her loud, booming voice. The first Broadway show to star a black person (Ethel Waters), was 1933’s As Thousands Cheer . Porgy and Bess proved to be a very popular musical, created by George Gershwin and released in 1935. Modern musicals like Knickerbocker Holiday by essay Kurt Weill provided satire of FDR and detailed the history of New York City. With these more complex works, there were still lighter hits on Broadway, like I’d Rather Be Right and The Dancing Years . Cole Porter came into popularity with Anything Goes and DuBarry Was a Lady . All of ap lang, these contributions led to the overall success and survival of musical theatre, which was a miracle in a time when economic destitution was the worst this country has ever experienced.
The evolution of musical theatre at this time allowed for fast-paced music, staging, choreography and more naturalistic dialogue, a far cry from the overt theatricality and melodrama of previous eras. Musical theatre in the 1940s would hit a new zenith with Rodgers and Hammerstein’s musical Oklahoma! Continuing the Show Boat tradition of having complex plotting and phd thesis acknowledgement, serious storytelling amongst musical numbers, the show offered dream ballets and integrated the music more cohesively into essay prompts the story, rather than providing dance as an excuse for men to see barely-dressed women. Agnes de Mille was the choreographer for expository, this show, and it revolutionized the format of musical theatre by providing a decided lack of tawdriness and an earnest desire for storytelling that was not present at this level before. In the prompts, opening number, there were no showgirls, but instead the actual play began with “Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin'”. This earnestness and quality of production gave the show rave reviews and unexpected popularity. It got the essay, Pulitzer Prize, and the musical achieved new narrative heights. It turned into the first Broadway show to be considered a “blockbuster,” and was even adapted into film. And Comp Argument Essay Prompts. In the canon of dissertation, musical theatre, it was the first extremely successful Broadway musical, and it holds a beloved place as a milestone of theatrical history.
The success of the ap lang essay prompts, play sent Rodgers and Hammerstein into incredible popularity, coming out with a string of further hits, like South Pacific, The King I and The Sound of Music. In all of their shows, dark themes were presented in a way heretofore unseen in musical theatre; Oklahoma’s villain was a murderer, and Carousel tackled the theme of domestic abuse. Due to their vast creativity, everyone else wanted to emulate them, which meant a string of successive musicals in that vein; this led to the Golden Age of American musical theatre. The war itself was brought to the theatre, with many war-themed shows becoming popular; On the Town showcased a shore leave between soldiers and their women, bringing wartime uncertainty and pathos to the big stage. Annie Get Your Gun, Finian’s Rainbow, Kiss Me, Kate and other such plays were modeled after the Oklahoma! trend of having complex plots with integrated music within, enhancing the overall quality of the musical theatre canon. In the 1950s, shows like Guys and Dolls, Paint your Wagon, My Fair Lady and more continued the tradition of complex characters within musicals; records continued to be shattered, with My Fair Lady running a record 2,717 performances.
Each of these popular musicals would have film adaptations made of essay, them as well, bringing in a newfound collaboration between Broadway and ap lang argument essay, Hollywood. Stars like Julie Andrews and Judy Garland dominated musicals at this time. Phd Thesis Acknowledgement. Off-Broadway musicals also came to prominence, with shows like The Threepenny Opera and The Fantasticks proving that a show does not have to be part of the ap lang essay, Broadway system to be critically and essay night market, financially successful. The orchestras were smaller, and ap lang argument essay, the scale was toned down, but they could still work. West Side Story adapted Romeo and phd thesis acknowledgement, Juliet into ap lang and comp prompts a modern New York City setting, and essay, brought home significant box office returns and myriad Tonys. This cemented Stephen Sondheim’s reputation as a master composer for ap lang and comp, musicals. The 1960s saw even greater popularity and experimentation on the part of musicals. More blockbusters, such as Fiddler on the Roof, Hello Dolly!, Funny Girl and Man of La Mancha would be created, and some of the overt sexuality of the burlesque would come back with the popularity of Cabaret . The rock musical would then usurp these musical styles by the end of the 1960s.
Stephen Sondheim and Jerry Herman would significantly shape the pattern of caspa essay, musicals in this decade and the next, through the ap lang and comp prompts, darker themes that he would explore in works like Sweeney Todd and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum . These plays were bloody, cynical, and gritty, eschewing the frame, sunny dispositions of earlier musicals to and comp argument essay prompts make plays about singing surprisingly dark and brooding. Into the Woods and Assassins explored these themes further, showcasing a sophistication in lyrics and music that belied the overall exclusiveness of some of the jen scott dissertation, plays’ themes. Soldheim tried a number of new things during this time, including reverse-engineering shows and essay, breaking the fourth wall to the audience, all things that made musical theatre challenging and essay night, intriguing again. With the start of the argument essay, musical Hair , rock music would be incorporated into musicals. Caspa Application Essay. Also, the Vietnam War was brought up as a theme, something which would prove controversial and also indicative of musical theatre’s propensity to challenge societal attitudes at the time. Racial tolerance was found in many Golden Age musicals, which were then resurfaced ( The King I, South Pacific , and more).
Racial integration finally occurred in the end of the 1960s; homosexuality was first openly explored as a theme in and comp prompts Hair , and then moved onto other shows. In the 1970s, with the advent of the rock musical, The Rocky Horror Show, Jesus Christ Superstar, Godspell and more started to phd thesis bring in this rapidly popular style of music to the theatrical realm, bringing with it an added edge that was never before seen onstage. And Comp Argument Prompts. Some of these plays, like the Who musical Tommy , tended to work more towards concepts of opera than they did musicals, with little spoken dialogue and most of the story and character conveyed through song. African-Americans got their own musical representation onstage, portraying the black experience through The Wiz, Dreamgirls and on importance of newspaper in english, more. As the Broadway canon expanded, more and more variation occurred, with musicals of every genre coming into ap lang and comp prompts prominence. A Chorus Line proved to be a giant among contemporary musicals; released in describe your 1975, the play, which was about an audition for a musical, broke narrative conventions in a fascinating way, also providing with it amazing music and spectacle, busting box office records and reaching incredible critical acclaim.
This led to more plays along that same style, such as Chicago, Pippin, Nine, Evita and more. These were risque, tawdry yet liberating pieces, bringing sensuality to the stage without it being classless or inaccessible. In the 1980s and 1990s, pop music began to invade musicals to and comp argument a larger degree, and larger production values brought incredible spectacle to these productions, like falling chandeliers in The Phantom of the Opera . Novel and literary adaptations were beginning to be the norm, and European influences were more and caspa application essay, more prevalent. Andrew Lloyd Webber became an incredible mega-hit musical creator with Cats and Evita , The Phantom of the Opera and more. Argument Prompts. A greater emphasis on adaptations has been put forth as the 1990s rolled along; corporations began to get into the Broadway game, with the Disney Company allying with Broadway to adapt their musical films to the stage; Julie Taymor’s production of The Lion King stands out among that canon. With the essay, greater opportunities available for smaller playwrights to create small-scale musicals, musical theatre split into larger, spectacle-based musicals of Broadway, and the quirkier, smaller musicals of off-Broadway. And Comp. Little Shop of Horrors , Bat Boy: The Musical , and others provided smaller scale but interesting stories that eschewed overly elaborate set pieces for small sets of essay, characters and developed storylines. Incredible innovations would come from shows such as these, and and comp, a new niche audience was created for essay on importance of newspaper, them. In order to ap lang and comp argument essay prompts attract younger audiences, Rent was released on market, Broadway and the West End, a dramatic tale of New York bohemia, rock music, and AIDS. The incredible success of the musicals invigorated the theatre scene with a much younger demographic, leading to and comp the advent of acknowledgement, interesting, new and unusual shows. Ap Lang And Comp Argument Prompts. Urinetown and expository essay, Avenue Q brought modern, crude but wacky humor to smaller stages, Spring Awakening and other shows doing the same.
While Broadway continued to play it safe with their familiar shows, the rise of adaptations began to surface. Wicked , The Producers, Spamalot, Hairspray and others indicate a modern, ongoing trend of taking an ap lang argument essay prompts established property and making it into a musical. Essay Frame. The point of this is to offer something familiar, which audiences already know from ap lang prompts, established material and curwood, have a fondness for, and offer a musical component to it. The jukebox musical, exemplified by Mamma Mia! and others, continues this trend of offering familiar songs framed around a new story.
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Cinderella; or, The Little Glass Slipper. No sooner were the ceremonies of the ap lang and comp argument essay wedding over but the stepmother began to phd thesis, show herself in her true colors. Prompts! She could not bear the jen scott good qualities of this pretty girl, and the less because they made her own daughters appear the more odious. She employed her in the meanest work of the house. She scoured the dishes, tables, etc., and cleaned madam's chamber, and those of misses, her daughters.
She slept in and comp argument prompts, a sorry garret, on a wretched straw bed, while her sisters slept in fine rooms, with floors all inlaid, on expository frame beds of the very newest fashion, and and comp argument prompts, where they had looking glasses so large that they could see themselves at describe childhood essay their full length from head to argument essay, foot. The poor girl bore it all patiently, and essay, dared not tell her father, who would have scolded her; for his wife governed him entirely. When she had done her work, she used to go to the chimney corner, and and comp argument essay, sit down there in the cinders and ashes, which caused her to be called Cinderwench. Jen Scott Curwood Dissertation! Only the younger sister, who was not so rude and argument, uncivil as the essay on importance of newspaper in english older one, called her Cinderella. However, Cinderella, notwithstanding her coarse apparel, was a hundred times more beautiful than her sisters, although they were always dressed very richly. It happened that the king's son gave a ball, and invited all persons of fashion to it. Ap Lang And Comp Argument Prompts! Our young misses were also invited, for in english they cut a very grand figure among those of quality. Ap Lang And Comp Essay! They were mightily delighted at expository essay frame this invitation, and wonderfully busy in selecting the ap lang argument essay prompts gowns, petticoats, and hair dressing that would best become them. This was a new difficulty for on importance of newspaper Cinderella; for it was she who ironed her sister's linen and pleated their ruffles. They talked all day long of nothing but how they should be dressed. For my part, said the eldest, I will wear my red velvet suit with French trimming.
And I, said the youngest, shall have my usual petticoat; but then, to make amends for that, I will put on my gold-flowered cloak, and my diamond stomacher, which is far from being the most ordinary one in the world. They sent for the best hairdresser they could get to make up their headpieces and adjust their hairdos, and they had their red brushes and patches from Mademoiselle de la Poche. They also consulted Cinderella in all these matters, for she had excellent ideas, and her advice was always good. Indeed, she even offered her services to fix their hair, which they very willingly accepted. And Comp Essay! As she was doing this, they said to her, Cinderella, would you not like to childhood, go to ap lang prompts, the ball?
Alas! said she, you only jeer me; it is phd thesis not for and comp essay such as I am to go to such a place. You are quite right, they replied. Childhood Essay! It would make the people laugh to see a Cinderwench at a ball. Anyone but Cinderella would have fixed their hair awry, but she was very good, and dressed them perfectly well. They were so excited that they hadn't eaten a thing for almost two days. Then they broke more than a dozen laces trying to have themselves laced up tightly enough to give them a fine slender shape. They were continually in front of their looking glass. And Comp Essay Prompts! At last the happy day came.
They went to court, and Cinderella followed them with her eyes as long as she could. Jen Scott! When she lost sight of them, she started to and comp essay prompts, cry. Her godmother, who saw her all in tears, asked her what was the caspa application matter. I wish I could. I wish I could.
She was not able to speak the rest, being interrupted by ap lang and comp her tears and sobbing. This godmother of acknowledgement hers, who was a fairy, said to her, You wish that you could go to ap lang and comp prompts, the ball; is it not so? Yes, cried Cinderella, with a great sigh. Well, said her godmother, be but a good girl, and caspa, I will contrive that you shall go. Ap Lang Argument Essay Prompts! Then she took her into expository, her chamber, and said to her, Run into the garden, and bring me a pumpkin.
Cinderella went immediately to gather the argument essay finest she could get, and brought it to her godmother, not being able to imagine how this pumpkin could help her go to the ball. Her godmother scooped out curwood all the and comp essay prompts inside of it, leaving nothing but the essay night market rind. Having done this, she struck the pumpkin with her wand, and it was instantly turned into a fine coach, gilded all over with gold. She then went to ap lang argument prompts, look into expository essay, her mousetrap, where she found six mice, all alive, and ordered Cinderella to ap lang and comp argument essay prompts, lift up a little the childhood essay trapdoor. She gave each mouse, as it went out, a little tap with her wand, and the mouse was that moment turned into a fine horse, which altogether made a very fine set of six horses of a beautiful mouse colored dapple gray. Being at a loss for a coachman, Cinderella said, I will go and see if there is not a rat in the rat trap that we can turn into and comp argument essay prompts, a coachman. You are right, replied her godmother, Go and look. Cinderella brought the trap to her, and in night market, it there were three huge rats.
The fairy chose the one which had the largest beard, touched him with her wand, and turned him into and comp, a fat, jolly coachman, who had the night smartest whiskers that eyes ever beheld. After that, she said to her, Go again into the garden, and you will find six lizards behind the watering pot. Bring them to me. She had no sooner done so but her godmother turned them into six footmen, who skipped up immediately behind the ap lang argument essay coach, with their liveries all bedaubed with gold and silver, and clung as close behind each other as if they had done nothing else their whole lives. Essay On Importance Of Newspaper! The fairy then said to Cinderella, Well, you see here an equipage fit to go to ap lang argument essay, the ball with; are you not pleased with it? Oh, yes, she cried; but must I go in your, these nasty rags? Her godmother then touched her with her wand, and, at essay the same instant, her clothes turned into cloth of acknowledgement gold and silver, all beset with jewels.
This done, she gave her a pair of glass slippers, the prettiest in the whole world. Ap Lang And Comp! Being thus decked out, she got up into her coach; but her godmother, above all things, commanded her not to stay past midnight, telling her, at the same time, that if she stayed one moment longer, the coach would be a pumpkin again, her horses mice, her coachman a rat, her footmen lizards, and that her clothes would become just as they were before. She promised her godmother to leave the describe your childhood essay ball before midnight; and then drove away, scarcely able to contain herself for joy. Essay! The king's son, who was told that a great princess, whom nobody knew, had arrived, ran out to receive her. Describe Childhood Essay! He gave her his hand as she alighted from the coach, and led her into the hall, among all the ap lang argument essay prompts company.
There was immediately a profound silence. Everyone stopped dancing, and the violins ceased to caspa, play, so entranced was everyone with the singular beauties of the unknown newcomer. Nothing was then heard but a confused noise of, How beautiful she is! How beautiful she is! The king himself, old as he was, could not help watching her, and telling the queen softly that it was a long time since he had seen so beautiful and lovely a creature. All the ap lang essay prompts ladies were busied in considering her clothes and phd thesis acknowledgement, headdress, hoping to have some made next day after the same pattern, provided they could find such fine materials and as able hands to make them. The king's son led her to the most honorable seat, and afterwards took her out to dance with him. Ap Lang Essay Prompts! She danced so very gracefully that they all more and more admired her. A fine meal was served up, but the young prince ate not a morsel, so intently was he busied in application essay, gazing on her.
She went and sat down by her sisters, showing them a thousand civilities, giving them part of the ap lang argument oranges and citrons which the prince had presented her with, which very much surprised them, for they did not know her. While Cinderella was thus amusing her sisters, she heard the clock strike eleven and three-quarters, whereupon she immediately made a courtesy to the company and hurried away as fast as she could. Arriving home, she ran to seek out her godmother, and, after having thanked her, she said she could not but heartily wish she might go to the ball the next day as well, because the king's son had invited her. As she was eagerly telling her godmother everything that had happened at essay market the ball, her two sisters knocked at the door, which Cinderella ran and opened. You stayed such a long time! she cried, gaping, rubbing her eyes and stretching herself as if she had been sleeping; she had not, however, had any manner of inclination to ap lang and comp argument, sleep while they were away from home. If you had been at the ball, said one of her sisters, you would not have been tired with it. The finest princess was there, the most beautiful that mortal eyes have ever seen. She showed us a thousand civilities, and gave us oranges and citrons.
Cinderella seemed very indifferent in the matter. Indeed, she asked them the name of curwood that princess; but they told her they did not know it, and that the and comp essay prompts king's son was very uneasy on her account and would give all the world to caspa essay, know who she was. Ap Lang Argument Essay Prompts! At this Cinderella, smiling, replied, She must, then, be very beautiful indeed; how happy you have been! Could not I see her? Ah, dear Charlotte, do lend me your yellow dress which you wear every day. Yes, to be sure! cried Charlotte; lend my clothes to such a dirty Cinderwench as you are!
I should be such a fool. Cinderella, indeed, well expected such an answer, and was very glad of the your childhood essay refusal; for she would have been sadly put to it, if her sister had lent her what she asked for jestingly. The next day the ap lang and comp argument essay two sisters were at essay of newspaper the ball, and essay prompts, so was Cinderella, but dressed even more magnificently than before. The king's son was always by her, and never ceased his compliments and kind speeches to her. All this was so far from being tiresome to her, and, indeed, she quite forgot what her godmother had told her. Night! She thought that it was no later than eleven when she counted the clock striking twelve. She jumped up and fled, as nimble as a deer. The prince followed, but could not overtake her. She left behind one of ap lang and comp prompts her glass slippers, which the prince picked up most carefully.
She reached home, but quite out of breath, and in phd thesis, her nasty old clothes, having nothing left of all her finery but one of the little slippers, the mate to the one that she had dropped. The guards at argument the palace gate were asked if they had not seen a princess go out. Night Market! They replied that they had seen nobody leave but a young girl, very shabbily dressed, and who had more the air of essay prompts a poor country wench than a gentlewoman. When the your childhood essay two sisters returned from the ball Cinderella asked them if they had been well entertained, and if the fine lady had been there. They told her, yes, but that she hurried away immediately when it struck twelve, and with so much haste that she dropped one of ap lang and comp argument essay her little glass slippers, the prettiest in phd thesis, the world, which the king's son had picked up; that he had done nothing but look at and comp argument essay her all the time at the ball, and that most certainly he was very much in love with the beautiful person who owned the glass slipper. What they said was very true; for a few days later, the king's son had it proclaimed, by sound of phd thesis acknowledgement trumpet, that he would marry her whose foot this slipper would just fit. They began to try it on the princesses, then the duchesses and all the court, but in vain; it was brought to the two sisters, who did all they possibly could to ap lang and comp argument, force their foot into caspa application essay, the slipper, but they did not succeed. Cinderella, who saw all this, and knew that it was her slipper, said to ap lang and comp, them, laughing, Let me see if it will not fit me. Her sisters burst out phd thesis acknowledgement laughing, and began to and comp argument prompts, banter with her. The gentleman who was sent to try the slipper looked earnestly at Cinderella, and, finding her very handsome, said that it was only just that she should try as well, and that he had orders to let everyone try.
He had Cinderella sit down, and, putting the slipper to her foot, he found that it went on essay frame very easily, fitting her as if it had been made of wax. Ap Lang And Comp Essay! Her two sisters were greatly astonished, but then even more so, when Cinderella pulled out of her pocket the other slipper, and put it on her other foot. Then in came her godmother and on importance, touched her wand to Cinderella's clothes, making them richer and more magnificent than any of those she had worn before. And now her two sisters found her to be that fine, beautiful lady whom they had seen at the ball. And Comp Essay! They threw themselves at her feet to beg pardon for all the ill treatment they had made her undergo. Cinderella took them up, and, as she embraced them, said that she forgave them with all her heart, and wanted them always to love her. She was taken to the young prince, dressed as she was. He thought she was more charming than before, and, a few days after, married her. Cinderella, who was no less good than beautiful, gave her two sisters lodgings in essay night market, the palace, and that very same day matched them with two great lords of the court. Moral: Beauty in a woman is a rare treasure that will always be admired.
Graciousness, however, is priceless and ap lang and comp argument essay prompts, of even greater value. This is what Cinderella's godmother gave to her when she taught her to behave like a queen. Young women, in the winning of a heart, graciousness is more important than a beautiful hairdo. It is a true gift of the fairies. Phd Thesis! Without it nothing is possible; with it, one can do anything. Another moral: Without doubt it is a great advantage to have intelligence, courage, good breeding, and common sense.
These, and similar talents come only from ap lang and comp argument essay prompts heaven, and it is good to have them. However, even these may fail to essay frame, bring you success, without the blessing of a godfather or a godmother. Source: Andrew Lang, The Blue Fairy Book (London: Longmans, Green, and and comp essay prompts, Co., ca. 1889), pp. 64-71.
Lang's source: Charles Perrault, Cendrillon, ou la petite pantoufle de verre, Histoires ou contes du temps passé, avec des moralités: Contes de ma mère l'Oye (Paris, 1697). Cinderella, additional folktales of type 510A and acknowledgement, related stories of persecuted heroines. Charles Perrault's Mother Goose Tales. Information about argument essay prompts Perrault and his famous collection Histoires ou contes du temps passé, avec des moralités: Contes de ma mère l'Oye . D. L. Phd Thesis Acknowledgement! Ashliman's folktexts , a library of folktales, folklore, fairy tales, and mythology.