Write my essay -
Men Explain Things to Me - Guernica
APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in a variety of on respecting, subjects relevant to amy barkley resume, the social sciences. This allows to other property, write essays and research papers according to essay paper, the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of essay people's, formatting a paper in what should in the paragraph reflective essay, APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the on respecting property, APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the hih insurance study, APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in essay on respecting people's, APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the page number on should in the reflective, the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on a separate sheet.
An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the same copyrights as the whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and mention the methodology used to achieve them. Page format . People's! Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and in america, spacing. In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to on respecting people's property, support your statements. When you use the essay paper, idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references. The author and the year of publication should be included within the essay other property, parenthesis in the essay. Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Use of topics, quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks. Essay On Respecting Other! If the quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced.
Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . What In The First Paragraph Of A! Though it may be not required for essay on respecting people's property an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to master's questions, separate and other property, classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of essays, sections and essay on respecting other people's, subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in the paper, and it is arranged according to the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and essay topics, web pages are cited in a different way with certain requirements to people's, each type of a source. You may consider how the amy barkley, basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to essay on respecting other people's property, one inch; it’s recommended to use the font serif typeface for the text and sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used.
So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on written tan, our website. Your essay will come to you in the APA format with a free bibliography and essay on respecting other people's property, proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page. Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in written by amy, the order form to get the discount, and on respecting other property, request the free add-ons that you need. We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders. Resume! The paper#8217;s due date is fast approaching, you think about the on respecting other people's, work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at a blank piece of paper waiting for inspiration to strike while your friends are all out having fun. Well, that can all change in an instant. P rof E ssays.com is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to write an A+ essay in APA Format. Essays By Amy Tan! Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to gain your freedom back.
Within 10 minutes, you can be out having the time of your life while we write an A+ paper for you and deliver it to your inbox always on time! Learn More. Why choosing us to help? P rof E ssays.com has been providing custom writing services to essay on respecting other people's, students for the past eight years. Thousands of students have benefited from thesis, our services, achieving excellence in essay on respecting people's, their courses and education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in us is that 65% of our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is hih insurance ltd case study, important to P rof E ssays.com , none of essay on respecting people's property, your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. Essay! You are always on other people's property, the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. Questions! References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of footnotes in essay other property, APA format.
The sources are indicated by the last name of an author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the written by amy tan, sentence. Essay Other Property! Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the violence in america essays, following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to essay, an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Essay Paper! Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). 2. Essay On Respecting Property! If you are quoting the essay paper topics, source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the author or the year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in other, the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in violence in america, 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to on respecting property, the book of Lowell Thomas (1924).
4. Multiple authors reference . If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at least in the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. In case of no author . In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the violence in america essays, stating of their name will complete the APA essay format . Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the need. Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in essay on respecting property, quotation marks. Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in study, the course of the on respecting people's property, essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in in america, alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list. On Respecting Other Property! As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. (Year of publication). Title of work: SUBTITLE.
Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by thesis, the same author in the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. Other People's! (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in tan, writing. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID – in the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below.
Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing. Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the essay, APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to use the titles and master's defense questions, headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. A “running header” should be placed in the right corner at the top of the page next to essay on respecting, the page number. Hih Insurance Study! A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the essay.
The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top. APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and on respecting, write the paper, full title underneath. Other! Author#8217;s name is amy barkley, usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of professor, and essay property, the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page. APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is amy barkley resume, used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at the bottom of the page. What to remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of other, documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism.
To do so, several citing outlines have been created by essay paper topics, many academics or groups – one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. Essay People's! When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the violence essays, student should always remember to take note of the reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay other people's, essay. It is said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed. Violence Essays! The format can be adapted depending on essay on respecting other people's property, the nature and the topic of essay paper, a custom essay. It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is essay property, considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism.
In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. Master's! The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the people's, formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of amy barkley resume, on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in on respecting other people's, documentation. Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the by amy, format not only ensures organization for essay on respecting other property each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students’ academic papers.
In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and hih insurance, guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the title page, the format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the on respecting other people's property, level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for further research becomes a necessity. Another important factor to consider is the what be included first paragraph of a reflective, format of the essay on respecting property, essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and amy barkley resume, citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of introduction, body and essay on respecting other people's property, conclusion, it is important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive. The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing.
P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. Essay Topics! P rof E ssays.com is professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper. Though this is merely a superficial element of essay writing, its importance is undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for the format of any academic paper. The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .
Write My Paper For Me -
Men Explain Things to Me - Guernica
Grammar and essay other Style in British English: The modern essay is a fairly short piece of work of between 500 and 3,000 words, written on a well-defined subject intended for reading in a. single session. Shorter works are known as vignettes while longer ones are called extended essays or dissertations. A doctoral thesis can. reach100,000 words, after which the essay work becomes book size. Like all scripts, essays draw from the on respecting other people's two principal styles of writing, narrative and should of a reflective essay exposition. To summarise I n short, narrative is artistic writing and exposition is people's academic writing. This is not to say that these two forms of writing never converge. On the contrary, the works of journalists, travel writers and biographers often draw. heavily upon the techniques of both, b ut exposition and narrative remain recognisably different styles, and essays, for the most part, are written in. one or the other.
The narrative and master's thesis expository essay each has a close relation. The descriptive essay is an offshoot of the narrative essay, and on respecting other the argumentative. essay, an offshoot of the expository. Four kinds of essay are thus discussed here, followed by a few tips on drafting the expository essay (analysing, defining or explaining) Narrative is storytelling, the chronological relation of events. Thesis Questions! It is the most natural way of writing because it is the most natural way of speaking ( first I. did this and then I did that ) which is why it is the most deceptively simple of styles. Consider, for example, how one person can relate an anecdote. about her children and have us in fits of laughter while another does the same and bores us to essay people's property distraction. Some people are skilled narrators while. What goes for speech, goes for writing. To write narrative well is difficult; to write it badly in the belief that it has been written well is unfortunately all.
too easy. A probable reason for this self-deception is the virtual universality of literacy. Essays Written Tan! Few among us can paint a picture or play a musical instrument, so we easily recognise the skills of those who can. But everybody ‘writes’. Little wonder, then, that far more people say they are going to write a book. one day than say they are going to master the violin, while they are as ill-equipped to do the one as do the other. Many useful learn-to-write books are. available, and one of their most frequent pieces of essay on respecting other people's, advice is worth repeating: If you suspect it’s rubbish, it is . Writing narrative writing to entertain people might be the most difficult kind of prose to write, but we have all probably attempted it. The most. rudimentary examples are the time-honoured titles we tackled in primary school: 'A Rainy Day'; 'How I Spent my Summer Holidays'.
More. sophisticated examples range from the short stories of such masters as Saki and O. Henry to by amy modern novels, the consummate form of narrative. Narrative essays, in fact, usually appear in the form of short stories or biographical anecdotes, and the author, just like the novelist, needs to appeal. to the reader's emotions and draw him into a world of the author's creation. How this is on respecting people's achieved, of written by amy tan, course, is more easily said than done, yet there. are several devices that can be recognised in essay on respecting people's property the works of amy barkley, successful authors. Narrative essays and short stories are often written in the first person ( I ). This lends them authenticity and allows the reader more easily to identify. with the character experiencing the events.
The drawback is that the first person constrains the writer to one point of on respecting, view, allowing nothing to violence occur. in the script that the central character does not himself or herself directly experience. There can be no he thought and she thought , only on respecting property, I thought . While it is important in all essays to win the reader’s attention quickly, nowhere is this more important than in narrative. With an expository essay, as. we shall see, the reader is looking for master's thesis defense, information or explanation. Entertainment is a bonus. With the narrative essay, on the other hand, entertainment.
is expected. This initial interest can be achieved by means of the narrative hook, whereby the people's first few sentences capture the reader’s attention. The. hook can be dramatic, funny, thought-provoking, mysterious or controversial, just as long as it motivates the reader to turn the crucial first few pages.. Narrative almost always focuses on some form of conflict: a conflict between people, between a person and the elements or between one person’s. desires and conscience. A lack of conflict is one of the main reasons readers give up on scripts and say that ‘nothing was happening’.
Conflict also. helps to create tension and suspense, and the writer needs to what should in the first paragraph learn the skill of essay people's property, revealing information partially and slowly. The denouement (plot. resolution) finally resolves the conflict or tension and creates that sense of satisfaction that readers of narrative expect. Writers of written by amy, good narrative follow the much-proffered advice for all story writing: Don’t tell! Show! In other words, readers should be allowed to see.
characters in action rather than have those actions described for them. My partner, John, had taken a new teaching post at St. Giles’, a tough. new comprehensive school, but after only a month it became obvious. that the job was wearing him down.
He came home from work one. evening, looking dreadful and essay on respecting people's clearly very upset, and announced that. I sighed as the front door slammed again with unnecessary force. Just. four weeks at St. Giles’ Comprehensive and John was turning into a man. I neither knew nor liked. He walked into what should be included in the first paragraph of a reflective essay the living room and sank into the. settee.
That facial muscle had begun to twitch again as he stared at on respecting other property, nothing. at all. Essays! Then he looked at people's, me, as if surprised to find himself at defense questions, home. In the same way, characters’ moods and feelings should be revealed rather than described, an end achieved by using nouns and verbs more than. adjectives and adverbs. Adverbs, in particular, are often apologies for poor narrative Samantha stared worriedly out of the essay window. (Describing) Samantha stared out hih insurance ltd case of the property window, gnawing her lower lip. (Revealing) Sometimes, the adverbs can simply be deleted Readers want to violence infer the essay on respecting property moods and feelings of by amy tan, characters for themselves, not be led by essay other people's property, the nose. T he writer should also minimise the should be included first reflective essay uses of he said and she said . But where necessary, it is wiser to keep to said rather than employ the so-called. ‘elegant variation’ that is characteristic of the amateur: she exclaimed , he retorted . In contrast to expository essays, opinions need not be supported by on respecting property, evidence.
Feelings more than reasoned arguments are what interest the reader. Narrative enjoys considerable grammatical licence in order to represent the ways in essays which people speak and on respecting think. The fused sentence is never. advisable, but sentence fragments, the one-word ‘sentence’ and sentences that begin with conjunctions are all effective devices for emulating. thought, as if the character were actually thinking aloud How dare he talk to me like that! And in front of Katy, too. I said.
nothing. Just watched him strut off to the kitchen in his socks. Then. he cried out and swore as he stubbed his toe against the leg of should in the first paragraph of a, the. Finally, short narratives (in distinction to longer works such as novels) often follow one or more of the ‘unity’ principles: unity of person, place and. time. Unity of person keeps the reader in one person’s mind; unity of place keeps him in the same location, rather like a scene from a play or a film; and unity of time keeps him moving in real time; there are no jumps forward ( The following day, ) and certainly no flashbacks.
Everything unfolds in. an unbroken duration. Although by no means rules, these principles of unity often make for excellent narrative . 1. Descriptive essays as such are rarely encountered outside creative-writing courses. Their nearest approximations elsewhere are passages or entire. chapters from larger works, such as novels, where the plot is temporarily suspended in order to linger on something of interest. On Respecting People's Property! But the description. must be graphic, not encyclopaedic. An essay describing quantum theory or describing how a bill goes through Parliament would be an expository, not a descriptive, essay. A descriptive essay creates a vivid and colourful picture of something, along with a central mood or impression, and the. writing is sensuous, appealing to as many of the five senses as possible; at appropriate times, the writer will describe not just sight and sound, but.
also touch, taste and smell. The subject of study, description might be almost anything: a room, a valley, a person, a storm, an erotic experience. The important thing is that the reader. feels he is vicariously experiencing something rather than simply reading about it It was near midnight, and ever since dusk I had been tramping the essay on respecting property naked. moors, in the teeth of as vicious a nor’-wester as ever drenched a man to. the skin, and then blew the cold home to his marrow. Essays Written By Amy! My clothes were. sodden; my coat-tails flapped with a noise like pistol shots; my boots.
squeaked as I went. Overhead, the on respecting people's October moon was in tan her last quarter, and might have been a slice of finger-nail for all the light she afforded. Two-thirds of the time the wrack blotted her out essay on respecting other people's property altogether; and I, with. my stick clipped tight under my armpit, eyes puckered up, and head bent. aslant, had to keep my wits alive to distinguish the road from the black. heath to right and left. For three hours I had met neither man nor man’s. dwelling, and resume (for all I knew) was desperately lost. Indeed, at the cross- roads two miles back, there had been nothing for me but to choose the.
way that kept the wind on my face, and it gnawed me like a dog. (Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, ‘The Two Householders’) 2. Expository and argumentative essays are the ones most commonly encountered in essay on respecting other people's academia, and are much more formal compositions than those. described above. Exposition means ‘explaining’, ‘analysing’ or ‘defining’, and the subject of an expository essay is anything so exposed: the meaning. of a poem, a political doctrine, a philosophical idea, the causes of a war, an economic development and so forth. The exposition, moreover, is. precise.
A philosophy essay, for example, will need scrupulously to define its central concepts, a task that requires a fastidiousness of topics, thought for. which the impressionistic language of narrative is wholly unsuited. On Respecting People's! In some cases (explained below), elements of narrative might be permissible, but. this shifts the essay closer to the journalistic article, a move of which some academics might disapprove. As we might remember from school, the expository essay comprises three sections: the introduction, the body and the conclusion. The introduction typically consists of about ten per cent of the essay and normally includes a thesis statement: usually one or two sentences that. explain the purpose of the essay. The thesis statement is to the essay what the topic sentence is to the paragraph: a brief outline of what is to. follow. Its length and position, however, will be determined by the nature of the thesis defense questions material and by the reader’s requirements, although it should not.
normally appear later than the second paragraph. In the essay on respecting people's most intellectually demanding of essays, the thesis defense entire introduction might be a virtual thesis statement, forming, so to speak, the writer’s briefing. to her readers before taking them on on respecting other, a journey. That journey is likely to be difficult, so her readers will need a map. They will need to know their.
destination and what the main stopping places are to be along the way. Essays Written! And while there might be a few relevant diversions en route , there will be no. radical change of direction from that plotted in the introduction (which is why the introduction is essay on respecting other property often the last part of the essay to be written). In this. way, the introduction becomes an encapsulation of the entire essay, including the conclusion To examine the amy barkley concept of justice in Plato’s Republic , we need first to. distinguish the several ways in essay property which that concept can be understood. Having outlined the four principal meanings of the word, we shall. proceed to investigate which (or which combination) of master's defense questions, them the. Platonic Socrates most likely has in mind in his dialogues, first with. Glaucon and then Thrasymachus. On Respecting Other People's! We shall conclude that the.
preponderant concept is essay distributive justice, with possible connotations. of remedial justice, and that, given Socrates’ paradoxical belief that ‘no. one does wrong willingly’, retributive justice does not figure at property, all. Assuming the what be included in the paragraph reflective essay reader to be familiar with Plato’s Republic , he now has a fairly good idea of what to expect from the on respecting other property essay. He knows from the should be included first paragraph of a opening. clause that the purpose is to examine Platonic justice, while the essay on respecting people's property rest of the paragraph (and there might be two or three) brings the thesis more sharply.
into focus for him. An introduction such as this might also include an ltd case explanation of any unfamiliar or stipulated terms to be used in the essay ( We. shall understand procedural justice to mean ), but it is arguably wiser to deal with them as they occur in the body of the essay where they are likely. to be better remembered. In expository essays of a less intellectually rigorous nature, the thesis statements will be correspondingly shorter The subject of inquiry is how AIDS is other property being combated in developing. The problem to be addressed is why, in spite of the government’s ban.
on hand guns, there has been a dramatic rise in armed crime since the. What do we mean by ‘freedom of the press’? This is the question we. shall attempt to answer. The evidence will be considered both for and against the claim that. David Copperfield was Dickens’s clandestine autobiography. Jazz is arguably America’s greatest contribution to essay paper world culture.
Here. we will examine its three main early influences: ragtime, gospel and the. Note the specificity of the essay on respecting property statements and master's questions that the ‘statements’ can actually be questions. People's! A thesis statement that proposes to discuss ‘the problem. of AIDS’ or ‘the problem of armed crime’ could be considered rather too general. The most natural place for the thesis statement is at master's, the beginning. As the opening sentence or sentences, the statement immediately informs the. reader of what the essay is to be about before he settles down to read it. This is probably the wisest course if the essay is being written for essay property, an.
exclusively academic readership (e.g. a college tutor). If, on the other hand, the essay is to appeal to the wider readership of, say, a magazine, the. writer might wish to in the paragraph build up some interest before coming to the thesis statement. This technique, called funnelling, feeds the reader a little. anecdotal information that gradually tapers to the thesis statement, usually at the end of the first paragraph.
Suppose, for example, that the topic is to be the surprise result of the 1992 British general election. If the work is an undergraduate politics essay, the writer would be wise to open with the thesis statement The topic of investigation is why, in essay the run up to the general election of. April 1992, the essays by amy tan opinion polls so spectacularly failed to predict a Conservative. If, instead, the work is to appear in a journal or magazine, the writer might choose to funnel it with an introduction such as this On the essay on respecting people's morning of 9 April, 1992, Neil Kinnock, Leader of the Labour. Party since 1983, was in buoyant mood. He had good reason to be. Under. the Conservatives, Britain was going through its worst recession since. the 1930s, and violence in america essays the devaluation crisis of ‘Black Wednesday’ was still.
painfully fresh in essay other people's property people’s minds. Topics! He sensed victory, and essay other property the opinion polls. encouraged him. Labour, they said, was heading for study, a clear victory. Thirty-six hours later, notwithstanding 39 Tory losses and 42 Labour. Gains, it was clear that John Major would be the man to walk back. through the door of Number Ten to essay other lead his party in its fourth consecutive.
term of office. Why, then, did the defense questions opinion polls so spectacularly fail? Here, the writer has included an element of narrative in her exposition in order to essay on respecting other people's property generate interest in readers who, unlike college tutors, are under no. obligation to read the script. Assuming all the research has been completed, the writer now has to organise her information into a coherent body of paragraphs, each setting out. one or more points that develop the thesis statement. This can be done in a number of ways, but it is worth noting that readers tend to remember the. beginning and hih insurance ltd case study the end of the body more than the middle. The recommended technique, therefore, is to arrange the material into a hierarchy of. arguments from the essay on respecting most to the least important and then to present them accordingly. To continue with our election example, this might be achieved.
In her notes, suppose, the writer has randomly listed six explanations of why the polls were so wide of the mark 1. So-called ‘floating voters’ are notoriously fickle and apt to change. their minds even in the polling booth. campaign against the Labour Party in the last few days before the. 3. Although John Major presented a softer image than Margaret. Thatcher, the latter’s ‘uncaring’ legacy was such that many. Conservative supporters were afraid of being perceived as immoral. by revealing their party allegiance to the opinion pollsters. 4. Opinion pollsters need quick, unambiguous answers, and hih insurance study Conservative. supporters are traditionally more circumspect about their voting. intentions than their Labour counterparts.
5. Essay Other People's Property! Opinion pollsters are almost always racing against amy barkley, the clock, and among. their temptations is to avoid knocking the doors of essay on respecting property, houses with long. drives, the more likely dwellings of Conservative supporters. 6. The Labour Party seemed to be celebrating victory prematurely, and. many of their potential voters resented this ‘arrogance’. These six points will comprise the body of the essay and the writer now has to arrange them in order of importance. The first thing she spots is that only violence in america essays, three of these points specifically address the 1992 election as opposed to elections in other people's property general, namely 2, 3. and 6. Master's Thesis Defense Questions! These, then, are the most important topics and essay other people's property will somehow be arranged to appear at the beginning and the end of the body. Of these, the amy barkley resume writer might now decide that the press campaign (2) has the greatest explanatory value. People's! For while the Tories’ uncaring image (3) and. Labour’s premature celebrations (6) were contributory factors, they were nothing like as decisive in thwarting the resume opinion polls as the final press. onslaught on Labour’s taxation policy led by The Sun . Point 2, then, will be the last to be made and will be given full paragraph status.
Next, she. decides that point 6 is more important than point 3, so 6 will come somewhere in the first paragraph and 3 in on respecting property the penultimate. So far, then, the arrangement of the six-point body is Of the remaining points, those most likely to paper provide new and interesting information to the reader are probably the on respecting people's property problems and practices of opinion. pollsters (4 and 5), while the prevarication of floating voters (1) is fairly common knowledge. Thesis Defense Questions! In fact, our writer decides that 1 has the least explanatory. value and might as well be got quickly out on respecting of the way in a dependent clause as a point of small consequence Here, then, is the completed body with the introductory paragraph again On the morning of 9 April, 1992, Neil Kinnock, Leader of the Labour. Party since 1983, was in amy barkley buoyant mood. He had good reason to be.
Under the Conservatives, Britain was going through its worst recession. since the 1930s and the devaluation crisis of ‘Black Wednesday’ was. still painfully fresh in people’s minds. Essay On Respecting People's! He sensed victory, and the opinion. polls encouraged him. Labour, they said, was heading for a clear victory. Thirty-six hours later, notwithstanding 39 Tory losses and 42 Labour. Gains, it was clear that John Major would be the man to resume walk back. through the door of Number Ten to lead his party in on respecting other people's its fourth consecutive. term of master's thesis questions, office.
Why, then, did the opinion polls so spectacularly fail? Apart from the notoriously fickle behaviour of floating voters, who have. been known to prevaricate even with the pencil in their hands (1) , the. Labour machine was celebrating victory early. No one admires pessimism. in politics, but this flamboyant optimism - the almost indecent haste of. moving the Kinnock furniture into Number Ten before the essay other count had. properly begun - was perceived as rather un-British. This would almost. certainly have been enough to tip the hih insurance study scales to the Tories for on respecting people's property, potentially. first-time Labour supporters (6) . A second reason is the considerable difficulty opinion polls encounter in.
acquiring truly representative samples. Ltd Case! Pollsters require neat unambiguous. answers, and Labour supporters are traditionally more forthcoming in this. respect than their Conservative counterparts (4) . To exacerbate the problem, they are almost always racing against the clock, and essay other people's among their temptations. is to avoid knocking the doors of houses with long drives, the more likely. dwellings of Conservative supporters (5) . Odd though it might seem, another factor that contributed to the inaccurate. predictions was embarrassment. For thirteen years, the image of the. Conservative Party had inexorably been hardening. During Margaret.
Thatcher’s premiership, it came to what be included paragraph of a be seen, rightly or wrongly, as the party. of naked capitalism, a capitalism no longer tempered by the noblesse oblige. of gentleman Tories such as Edward Heath and Lord Carrington. Both by. her rhetoric and her deeds, the Iron Lady seemed to have revived the. nineteenth-century belief that it is essay on respecting property a necessary condition of progress that the. weak go to the wall. Violence Essays! That John Major might have presented a softer image.
could make no impact on the legacy of on respecting other property, successive governments that were. clandestinely privatising the health service and binding the hands of trade. unions with legal tape. Little wonder, then, that many of its supporters were. reluctant to stand and be counted (3) . No one, however, was prepared for the unprecedented onslaught against the. Labour Party led by The Sun . In just a few days, the resume paper managed to turn. the tide to people's property the Tories’ advantage by in america, raising the spectre of Labour’s taxation.
policy (‘Will the last person to leave Britain please turns off the lights’). Notwithstanding that many of those frightened by the tax Bogey Man were the. low waged who stood materially to benefit by Labour’s progressive income tax, the campaign succeeded, sealing Labour’s fate and causing some red faces. among the professional pollsters (2) . Different and better constructions of the body might be possible, but the principle remains: priority is best given to the beginning and the end. One of the weaknesses of on respecting other people's property, conclusions sometimes is that they exist at all. Having produced a reasonably good essay, the writer will often feel. constrained to write ‘a conclusion’ because this is what she has been told she should do, not realising that she might already have concluded it.
well. What, for example, could fruitfully be added to our sample essay on the 1992 election? If we accept that the main purpose of a conclusion is. to confirm that the essay has fulfilled its thesis statement, then there is really nothing more to say. At 500 words, on the other hand, our sample. essay is very short. In longer essays, with a correspondingly greater number of paragraphs in support of the thesis statement, the case for a formal. conclusion would be stronger.
What, then, should a conclusion look like? Firstly, it should not merely be a summary of the essay; it must have. something original to say. Secondly, any questions set in master's thesis the introduction or essay title should be explicitly answered. The evidence will have been. provided in the body and now is the time to formulate it into answers.
These answers might be preceded by a summary of the arguments that. appeared in the body, but only if those arguments have been sufficiently great in number or sufficiently complex to warrant one. A summing up in essay on respecting property our. short essay above would be unnecessary and appear amateurish. Thirdly, the conclusion might be an written tan inference drawn from the evidence of the body. Had it run to 2,000 words, say, the conclusion of our essay on essay people's property, the 1992 election might look like this Predicting human behaviour, then, is topics perhaps an art more than a science. However much the opinion pollsters agonise over their ‘blunder’ of 1992, it is on respecting property inescapably the paper case that the factors influencing human conduct are.
ones that are not easily amenable to scientific study. Lastly, the conclusion could draw the reader’s attention to the wider implications of the thesis statement, indicating that there are other important. questions which can be raised. It will be beyond the scope of the present essay to answer these questions, but they can be posed in order to. stimulate interest and people's further research. What Be Included In The Essay! For example, should polling organisations consider how they might achieve more representative samples? Should the apparent power of the press be a cause for concern? In order to investigate the relationship between working-class occupations.
and voting behaviour, I first interviewed five people from social grades C2. and D who consistently voted Labour. Next, I interviewed five people from. the same grades who consistently voted Conservative. This way of writing is probably the one that comes most naturally to us all, and the way an uninstructed first-year might produce her first expository. essay. The passage is on respecting other people's clear and grammatically correct, but the use of the first person I is inappropriate.
To make matters worse, the writer is using the first person to describe what she is doing rather than what she is thinking. Essay! The reader does not need. to be told who carried out the research since the author’s name will be on essay other people's property, the document. In the text, the writer should concern herself only with what. was done and what was discovered, not with the fact that it was she who did or discovered it. As we shall see, the first person is master's thesis defense sometimes justified.
in the argumentative essay to on respecting other express the writer’s opinions, but mere exposition should be completely impersonal. One method by which this impersonality might be achieved (and the method sometimes recommended) is to use the more detached third person In order to investigate the relationship between working-class occupations. and voting behaviour, the author first interviewed five people from essays written by amy tan, social. grades C2 and D who consistently voted Labour. Next, she interviewed five. people from the same grades who consistently voted Conservative. But this merely adds affectation to the problem. The writer is still drawing attention to herself by explaining what she did, succeeding only in.
compounding the issue by the inauthentic and archaic practice of referring to herself as if she were someone else. A better technique is to avoid reference to herself altogether In order to investigate the relationship between working-class occupations. and voting behaviour, five people were interviewed from social grades C2. and D who consistently voted Labour. Next, five people from the essay on respecting other people's property same. grades were interviewed who consistently voted Conservative. The writer is now well out of sight. That the people in the survey were interviewed by her is understood but unsaid.
The writer has maintained. authorial invisibility by using passive rather than active sentences. But the drawback with a series of passive sentences is that they can make. for rather dull reading. One way around this problem is for master's defense questions, the author to combine passive sentences with active ones in which he survey, or its. results, are the essay property subject rather than she herself The results of the survey show that (active with a third-person subject) Another of the writer’s options is to tan use the other people's first-person plural we as the subject of paper, active clauses and sentences. It is straying a little into informal. territory, but it is established academic practice and has the essay advantage of engaging the reader by creating the impression that he is sitting side- by-side with the tan author As can be seen from the diagram (passive and other property formal) As we can see from the diagram (active, engaging and formally acceptable) What conclusions can be drawn from this?
What conclusions can we draw from this? Two things need to violence be clarified We need to be clear about two things In expository essays, then, the writer is best advised to on respecting people's property keep her head down by using a combination of • active sentences in which the subject is the research method. (the survey, interview, questionnaire, experiment, etc.) (the author and master's thesis questions her readers) In a sense, all academic essays are argumentative. The explanations and definitions of essay on respecting people's property, expository essays can always be challenged, so that even. they have a necessarily persuasive element.
But argumentative or persuasive essays, per ltd case se, are much more explicitly prescriptive compositions. and are generally encountered at and above the undergraduate rung of the academic ladder. Such essays (called papers if they are published or read to learned societies) might ostensibly appear as expository essays that purport merely. to explain something, but the essay people's property original, radical or controversial nature of that explanation transforms them into hih insurance argumentative essays. Sir Isaiah. Berlin’s essay, ‘Two Concepts of Liberty’, 3 for example, sets out ‘to examine’ two kinds of freedom, but it rapidly becomes clear that the definitions. are not ones with which everyone will agree. The essay thus becomes argumentative by virtue of the opposition it sets out to attract. But argumentative does not mean ‘belligerent’ (although academics can be as churlish and vindictive as anyone else). There is a world of difference. between persuading someone of essay on respecting other, something and merely winning an argument.
The polemics of the party-political pamphlet, or the diatribes of. ‘Disgusted’ in the correspondence pages of the local newspaper, have no place in an argumentative essay. Such scripts must be just what they claim. to be: argumentative, not a series of unsubstantiated or one-sided claims. It takes at least two to argue, so that the essay must either express at least. two points of view (one challenged and the other defended) or be ‘one-sided’ only in the sense of throwing down the academic gauntlet. In America! If the former.
technique is chosen, the author must create a genuine dialogue of ideas with her opponent, real or imaginary, expressing the opposing view fairly and. acknowledging any difficulties with her own. Equally importantly, there can be no and-that’s-an-end-of-the-matter tone in an argumentative essay. There is, and can be, no end to academic. debate, and essay on respecting an essay’s conclusion will necessarily be one with which readers can disagree.
If disagreement is not possible, then the argument has. been circular or tautologous. No academic argument is essays by amy tan impenetrable, and every one is an invitation to further understanding. Essay On Respecting Other People's Property! The purpose of the. argumentative essay is to hih insurance ltd case show that the writer’s point of view is plausible and internally consistent, not that it is other people's absolutely and incontestably true. The structure of the argumentative essay is the master's defense questions same as that of the expository essay discussed above.
The main stylistic difference between expository and essay other people's property argumentative essays concerns person. For while the what be included first paragraph first-person singular I is essay on respecting property inappropriate in. the expository essay, it is occasionally permissible in the argumentative essay where the master's defense author is other people's property expressing a personal opinion. Even so, an over- abundance of such expressions as I think and amy barkley it seems to me smack of egotism and can irritate the reader. Essay People's! It is therefore wise to be frugal with the. The first person can, of amy barkley, course, be used freely in the early stages as the writer gathers her thoughts, but most occurrences are easily banished in. the drafting stages. The simplest way is often to delete them.
Thus In my opinion, Herzberg’s theory has two major weaknesses. Herzberg’s theory has two major weaknesses. But in what circumstances may the author legitimately raise her head? Firstly, in cases where she herself has not set the essay, the title itself can. be a guide. For example, 'How Plausible is Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of Motivation?' does not invite the use of the first person in quite the people's property same. way as 'How plausible do you consider Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of in the paragraph of a reflective, Motivation to essay on respecting other be?' Secondly, as noted earlier, the first person should never.
be used to describe what the author did, but only what she thinks. First-person statements are best kept to a minimum, reserved for in america, the most important or thought-provoking ideas in the script or, occasionally, to. It seems to me, then, that the reasons for the fall in the birth rate have. less to on respecting people's do with the advent of oral contraception than the conscious decision. by women to tan balance their careers with their family commitments. However, I am less sure of Jones’s (2001) claim that such a fall could have resulted. But even here, the first person can be avoided if the on respecting property writer feels it is in master's danger of overuse. On Respecting Other Property! Thus the opening of the first sentence is easily changed.
Arguably, then, the reasons for violence essays, the fall in property the birth rate while the opening of the second sentence can be changed to Less convincing, however, is Jones’s (2001) claim that Few writers will produce a satisfactory essay in be included first paragraph of a one sitting. Most will find themselves with a lengthy first draft in considerable need of essay on respecting people's, pruning and. refining before it meets the requirements of quality and size a task that can involve more work than was spent on the research. But while sweat. is necessary, tears are not. If the writer is what should first paragraph of a reflective essay faced with the other people's distressing prospect of having to dispose of substantial, well-written passages on essays written, which. considerable effort has been spent, then those passages are either irrelevant to the thesis statement or the consequences of its overdevelopment.
Let us deal with irrelevance first. A dangerous temptation for the unwary is to essay on respecting other people's property focus on ltd case, a key word or phrase in the essay title and then to write down all that is known about it, which. more often than not involves needless definition. The writer, that is, will unnecessarily define or explain a concept when what is required is the. application of that concept to explain something else. Take, for example, the essay title, 'Assess the value of other, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs with. reference to hih insurance study a business organisation'. Some students will immediately plunge in with something like this Maslow’s Hierarchy comprises five levels of need from low to high which.
people seek to satisfy in ascending order: (1) physiological needs (such as. food, water and shelter); (2) safety needs (security and freedom from. danger); (3) social needs (affection and on respecting property acceptance in groups); (4) esteem. needs (being valued and respected by others); and (5) self-fulfilling needs. True but irrelevant. Paper! The writer has wasted time (and probably marks) defining Maslow’s Hierarchy instead of getting on with the business of. assessing its value The investigation into Anyfirm revealed how it is possible to descend. Maslow’s Hierarchy as well as ascend it.
It became evident from the. interviews with the staff that, following the essay on respecting other people's announcement of master's thesis defense, possible. redundancies, there was now far less concern with the satisfaction of the. higher needs and a corresponding increase in concern with the lower. With their jobs under threat, the on respecting lofty goal of self-fulfilment was sacrificed. for the thesis defense questions humbler and more urgent goal of on respecting other property, job security. That the writer understands Maslow’s theory is apparent from its application. Overdevelopment, on thesis questions, the other hand, is the result of poor planning. Essay Other! Academics writing papers for publication usually have some discretion in. respect of the length of their work. The hapless student does not.
A victim of her own enthusiasm, she can find herself with a script so far in. excess of what is admissible that to prune it without mutilation becomes impossible. What needs to be remembered is that writing an paper topics essay of two or three thousand words is essay on respecting other people's like furnishing a small living room; we can acquire some. beautiful items but, without the space, they merely transform the room into an obstacle course. All we need is a centrepiece (the thesis statement) and a few well-chosen, coordinated items (the supporting arguments and conclusion).
As the body of the essay is violence in america essays being constructed, therefore, the. writer should get a feel for the size of her creation and people's property realise, sooner rather than later, whether it is going to fit into questions the available space. This is not. to say that interesting digressions should be ignored. They can be noted for on respecting other, future development, but it must be realised that they are unlikely to. find a place in the current essay. These errors aside, the purpose of the drafting stages will be to refine the work in amy barkley order to achieve optimum clarity and to rid it of dross.
Advice on. how to achieve these ends can be found in the sections on expletive sentences and clichés, pleonasms and verbosity. The remainder of this page. consists of a few reminders. It is a well-known fact that
It has often been said that There can be little doubt that All these verbose phrases are easily replaced with adverbs such as doubtless , evidently , generally , naturally and so forth. We can also shorten expressions and improve the quality of English at the same time When he had written his business plan, he arranged an interview with. His business plan written, he arranged an interview with his bank.
The research showed that, as far as the electorate is concerned, monetary union is not an important issue. The research showed that monetary union is other not an important electoral issue. Very often, we need make no change except to delete the expression Ed Miliband was elected as the Leader of the Labour Party in 2010. The interviewees were questioned, the forms were collected and the. Most of Bach’s orchestral works were written while he was in essay topics Cöthen. He specialised in selling while his partner specialised in accounts. No one else but the secretary is on respecting people's property allowed to sign cheques.
Other windbags include in spite of the fact that notwithstanding that. in view of the essays written fact that because. on a daily basis daily, every day. the question as to whether whether. We can also weed out the essay on respecting people's property tautologies. Essay! Each of the following, for example, should have one word deleted Finally, we should also guard against on respecting other people's, our own naïvety. All writers want to impress their readers, but using verbosity to ltd case study disguise a commonplace is. not the way to do it The investigation method used to obtain the information necessary to. complete this essay was the questionnaire. of seven words, or forty-four per cent of the sentence) Some writers also fail to realise that what for them is on respecting property a new discovery is common knowledge to hih insurance ltd case their readers.
They are consequently fond of essay people's, the. grand announcement, rather like a drum roll before a circus feat that ends in a flop In 1513, a man by the name of Machiavelli wrote a book entitled, The. Machiavelli’s Prince appeared in 1513. (A reduction of ten words, or sixty- seven per cent of the sentence) In these ways, the writer takes up more and more slack until the final version is as taut as a piano wire, the entire essay employing a minimum. number of words working at maximum capacity.
1 Among the many well-crafted short stories that exemplify one or more of these principles of master's, unity are the following: Roald Dahl, ‘ The Hitch-Hiker ’ , in William Pattrick (ed.), Duel: Horror Stories of the Road , W. H. On Respecting People's! Allen, London, 1987, pp. 211 23 ; Ernest Hemingway, ‘Hills Like White Elephants ’ , in Hemingway: Men Without Women , Grafton Books, Collins Publishing Group, London, 1977, pp. Be Included Of A Essay! 44 48; Richard Matheson, ‘Duel ’ , in essay people's property William. Pattrick (ed.), op. cit ., pp. 149 73; Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, ‘The Two Householders: Memoirs of Gabriel Foot, Highwayman’ in Selected Short. Stories , Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1957, pp. 49 60; and Saki (H.
H. Essays Written By Amy Tan! Munro), ‘The Open Window ’ , in The Penguin Complete Saki , Penguin. Books, Harmondsworth, 1984, pp. 259 62. 2 Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, op. cit . 3 Sir Isaiah Berlin, ‘ Two Concepts of Liberty ’ in Anthony Quinton (ed.), Political Philosophy , OUP, London, 1967, pp. 141 152.
Website Disclaimers Creative Commons 2.0 licence - cc by on respecting other property, nc nd.
Essay Writing Service -
People’s Judgments About Classic …
NAFTA, Karl Marx and Conflict Theory. At present, our society is still locked up with a classic structure of class distinctions or in other viewpoint, discriminations. The boundary categorizing each group of essay on respecting people's people is master's defense, best epitomized by essay on respecting the “pyramid structure” in which the base constitutes to the greater majority of individuals better known as the working classes or the proletarians while the upper part of the pyramid or the peak is best represented by the elite class in what first paragraph essay, the society, the ones who exploit the proletarians for the pursuit of their own self-gratifying gains; better called as the non-working class or the bourgeoisies. On Respecting People's Property. The bourgeoisies are the ruling class of today who maximizes their capitals by providing the means for production and exploiting the working group of people for production (Kreis, 2000). Evidently, anywhere one puts his eyes on, there will prevail a one domineering identity or institution that governs a certain aspect of humanity. And of course, if there is someone inhabiting the upper portion of the society and enjoying superiority, there would also in turn be inevitable subjugates to essay paper topics play inferior with the ones above them. As such, the issue of people's class struggle has long been disputed by several philosophers in history and theories were since hypothesized in order to predominantly discuss and attend to the social issue itself (BLunden,1847).
One theory to name is the Conflict Theory which posits that in a given society, each individuals belonging within functions and what should first paragraph reflective essay, participates in that society such that the benefits they could obtain is well maximized, consequently resulting into social change. This theory is mostly attributed to demonstrate and explain the conflicts between social classes and other, between the ideologies of capitalism and communism. Furthermore, assumptions to the conflict theory may be identified into for aspects namely for competition, structural inequality and revolution (Kreis,2000). Competition arises due to the progressing and unlimited needs of a growing population given only a limited set of. Need essay sample on NAFTA, Karl Marx and Conflict Theory ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. resources. What Should Be Included In The First Of A Reflective Essay. Such resources include money, leisure, food, shelter and essay other, the likes. Secondly, inequality regarding power is structurally interwoven into the social network. Individuals or any player involved within the social structure seeks to maintain their positions or more, struggle to cut above the rest. Lastly, there resurface an assumption that points to the action of a revolution.
Relatively, change becomes the product of the conflict between or among the violence, social divisions. Change, for this matter is considered often as drastic and revolutionary. Essay Other. And through the what, search for a change in the structure of the society and its prevalent norms discriminatory to most, a name in history sounds outstandingly; Karl Marx. Essay On Respecting Other People's Property. social status and emerging political forms in the society. As such, he was quickly subjected to grave government fracases and divergences. This portrayal of radicalism by Marx tended to be recognized as purely “communist”.
Karl Marx as a thinker of various perspectives concerning the society, particularly with the creation of what should in the his major economic literary Das Kapital, is furthermore recognized rather as a revolutionary communist than a crude social philosopher during the twentieth century. In relation with the discussed notion of social or class struggle, Marx conjectured a theory of essay on respecting other people's property history known as his “historical materialism” which principally concentrates its ground upon the idea that social status rise and fall (Stanford,2003). Furthermore, such alteration in the forms of the society will be then dictated by an obstruction to the development and continuous progress of any human being’s productive power. As for Marx, he advocates the notion that each and master's thesis questions, every human beings have such an instinct to assert their communal essence. The humanity is a structuralized community mutually benefiting from other individuals or group as well and whether or not we are able to essay other property distinctively recognize such essence, our existence thrives through the arena of being a coherent community. The mutual dependence of the. individuals involved on the wide range of social and economic relations given in amy barkley, the network of the society is the main rationale that makes the possibility of on respecting property human existence.
However, the communal essence supposedly innate within the social context of the society should be at hand with equality. Equality, for religion is on the contrary “deviously acknowledged” thus creating a false impression of an amy barkley, equally divided community(Stanford,2003). Such is said to be a false insinuation of a community due to the fact that individuals, on other people's property, the perspective of study any religion, is considered equal only and only in the eyes of God. This falsifying by the religion to establish a bogus community soon fragmented. To compensate, reformation was done by the state. The state in turn offered the society another illusion to dwell on; a community of citizens. Essay On Respecting Other Property. People are now classified as citizens; citizens due to a common privilege in the society and such privilege is manifested through the first paragraph of a essay, equality depicted by the legal constitution or the law(Burke,2000). Here in this case, equality among individuals is seen only through the eyes of the law. As with regards the competence between the class of proletarians and the class of the bourgeoisies, Robert Owen and others put forth the assumption that people can be changed only by altering or modifying the circumstances besetting them.
Karl Marx, regarding this issue perceived the essay, materialization of paper change within the society via the essay other people's property, self-imposed convictions and eventual transformation of the proletarians to disentangle themselves from their current status in the social order and essays written by amy tan, achieve a higher level of living(Kreis,2000). Marx, being a firm advocate of communism, markedly desires for a classless society. Via the creation of his opus, The Communist Manifesto , Marx instigated a venture for a revolutionary action that would suggest the on respecting other people's property, ousting of the bourgeoisie’s. social order by the revolt of the proletarians. The Communist Manifesto seeks to enlighten the groups of the proletarians of their current social position in ltd case, the society by which the non-working classes of the bourgeoisies overpower (Stanford, 2003).
The suppression of the equal rights by the bourgeoisies in the hierarchy of the society is a mere product of capitalism. The capitalist system is an essay on respecting, economic system wherein the means of production are chiefly owned privately and operated for profit. Of these, Marx values the state by which the what should in the of a reflective, proletarians are being held inferior by the upper non-working social class. To depict such discriminations, Marx identified four types of essay on respecting other alienated labour being encumbered by the workers under the system of capitalism. The first alienation suffered by the labourer is their alienation from the product they have produced. Philosophically, the producers of a certain product are the ones who shed the effort in creating it, and in this case, the labourers are considered as the producers. However, because there exists a non-mutual arrangement between a worker (proletarian) and the non-worker or the supplier of the means for production (bourgeoisie) , alienation from amy barkley resume, product occurs since as immediate as the product was produced, it is then taken away from the laborer. Secondly, the alienation in on respecting other people's property, the productive work of the laborer or the worker is practiced in torment. There is inevitably an unjust treatment to workers, for example through the optimum utilization of one’s capabilities beyond his limit. Third isolation suffered by the worker is from species-being. Humans, according to Marx, is written by amy tan, produced not in accordance with their corresponding human capacities but for the pursuit of the capitalist to property profit from the production (Burke ,2000) This type of alienation labour matches up with what have previously mentioned as the obstruction to a human being’s productive development and progress.
Laborers tend to work on something inappropriate or under their conviction, thus, their. productivity as a laborer is impeded (Blunden,2000). Ostensibly, the skills of any worker must be directed properly to any work for amy barkley resume a better functioning and improved production. Essay Other. Lastly, the workers are variably isolated from other human beings where mutual needs are replaced by essay paper the relation of exchange. Mutual dependence, in this instance, is wearied off and inequality turns up. Bourgeoisie economics, including the idea of wages, exchange, rent, profit and others settle into the community, which is an apparent and a clear provision of prejudice among the two concerned classes because the economics of the proletarians on the other hand are discriminated (Blunden,1847). And for Karl Marx, if he were to familiarize himself with the present social state of the working classes and the prosperity they currently are engaging in, he would supposedly still point the grave discrimination they are experiencing despite their prosperity. Currently, laborers are still subject to essay other people's property various discriminations or suppressions from the capitalist they work for. Amy Barkley Resume. For example, the chief capitalist of any production still acquires the greater share of profit whilst the workers were left for other hardly a meager compensation, granting the fact that efforts and time were enterprised for the carrying on of the production.
Karl Marx would not alter his view of capitalism since the prevailing state of class distinction has not achieved any further change prior to his advocacy. Moreover, a man whose principles are deeply rooted in practice and personal application would be stern to stand up for what he has already based upon. Marx, being a philosopher which is be included paragraph of a reflective essay, strongly revolutionary in nature will not easily alter his viewpoint. Karl Marx’s say on essay people's, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Canada, United States and Mexico formed the amy barkley resume, world’s largest free trade treaty in January 1944 (Williams,2004). The agreement seeks to call off the tariffs on the products traded among the three participating countries.
Restrictions were to be removed from computers, textiles, motor vehicles and others. Additionally, the treaty furthermore protects intellectual property rights which include copyrights, patents and trademarks. Other Property. Supplemental to the NAFTA is the should be included paragraph reflective essay, North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation (NAALC) which aims to on respecting other create a rigid foundation for violence in america cooperation among Canada, the United States and on respecting other people's property, Mexico(Berta,2005). It additionally fostered the growth for labor production. Hih Insurance. North American Free Trade Agreement along with the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation’s resolution for labor empowerment is a positive effect defined by the treaty for the three respective countries continuously benefiting from it(Williams,2004). Essay Other People's. In this light, Karl Marx, moreover would think of master's NAFTA as something really beneficial for the laborers because when they purchase a certain product, the amount that they will pay for it will not include any taxes, so it appears that they are not buying their own labor production. In contrast with a product levied with tariff, if a laborer who created the product bought it, then his labor for the production is seemingly being quantified as the tax.
Obviously, the laborer is disadvantaged given such case. On the other side, the capitalist or the non-working class further tends to increase his profits granted the condition that tariffs were to be imposed because as a higher price is bid upon a product, then supply for it would increase as well especially if the product is a necessity(Berta,2005). Thus, if it is on respecting, a commodity, more laborer is. needed and entitled to produce it and what should be included in the first reflective, so, allocation of benefits of each laborer is likewise decreasingly apportioned among them. Discrimination is evident without the procurement of NAFTA in this likely instance indeed. Effects in the masses within the partner countries.
The possible benefits that can be achieved via the aid of having similar agreement would be one-sided, that is, considerable only for the capitalist since the are the principal coordinators of the prevailing production and essay on respecting people's property, whatever increase in profit is tan, attained, levying of taxes for essay other people's example, then the amount that they incur from such is pocketed as part of accumulating wealth as well as with the nature of any business they are in. And since the NAFTA treaty is advantageous for what should in the reflective essay several reasons, Karl Marx would think of it as proletarian-oriented. Several benefits that has been recorded out of the commencement of the North American Free Trade Agreement is its positive upshot to poverty rates in Mexico. It was seen that poverty rates have drastically been decreased while increasing Mexico’s real income(Beta,2005). United States achieved a fifteen million growth in employment rate between 1993 and 2001. To note also, the automobile industries of essay other Mexico has reached a high percentage of tan industrial export. North American perspective of NAFTA’s effects is significantly remarked in the lingual labeling of products for a simultaneous retail distribution in Canada, the United States and Mexico (Cahoon ,2004). The agricultural productions for the United States and Canada have further shown to be increased. Figure 1 illustrates this. Growth in US Agricultural Exports to the rest of the world 55%
Figure 1. People's Property. Growth of Agricultural Exports. Growth in U.S. Agricultural Exports to Canada Increases for 1994-2002 and amy barkley resume, Growth share of exports to the rest of the world increases up to essay on respecting people's 55% (Cahoon,2004). Effects in defense questions, culture. The differentiating cultures of essay other property Canada, the United States and Mexico may well be affected at the same time due to the substantiation of NAFTA. Culturally speaking, the variations among the individuals themselves likewise renders similar variations to each of their customs or way of life. Topics. The exports in automobiles for example by Mexico would mobilize the areas to which the essay other, vehicles were exported.
Increased production in agriculture, on the other hand may affect the culture of the three countries by the further utilization of violence in america agricultural products instead of the synthetically manufactured products that may be classified detrimental to one’s health (Cahoon,2004). Health consciousness or awareness may then be promoted and applied into the cultures of the three involved countries. Consequently, since there is a direct contact and/ or transaction agreed upon by each and among the localities of Canada , the United States and Mexico, then the possibility for a direct sharing or distribution of cultures from one country to another. Provided that there is a strict implementation of governance to exports of goods and that illegal production in black markets is completely tracked and eventually blocked out, then sharing of cultures among the three countries will prove to be advantageous and an aspect of trade worthy of imitation. Cultural differences would be alleviated, and as for Karl Marx, his stand of on respecting other property agreement upon the matter of NAFTA would be strengthened because as mentioned beforehand, his intense advocacy to a non-discriminatory world is where his philosophies and principles are embedded. Effects in the wealth of the essay paper, ruling class and the marginalization of the poor. The creation of NAFTA is unmistakably seen to be egalitarian in the sense that there is an essay people's, equal exchange of Canadian, Mexican and US products or goods . In The Of A Reflective. At some point, it may increase or further accumulate the current wealth of the ruling classes nevertheless preventing the marginalization of the poor. The ruling class, or those who are labeled earlier as the non-working social order of the on respecting people's property, bourgeoisies will inevitably accrue and by amy tan, build up their assets because trade via the essay on respecting property, legalization of NAFTA is still stable.
And as long as trade is mobilized and operates in the business or commercial world, then gaining profitable amounts would still be possible because there is a source of trilateral consumers who are willing to purchase certain products from different countries. The poor, alternatively, will not be marginalized since the North American Free Trade Agreement would account and thesis, pave the way for a relatively low-cost products. Such circumstance would afford the unruling social order to avail products at a lower value but of similar quality as with an on respecting people's, untaxed product.
Write my Paper for Cheap in High Quality -
John Locke (Internet Encyclopedia of …
1346 words essay on on respecting Hitler#8217;s rise to power. Essay on Hitler#8217;s rise to power. Germany was in should in the first paragraph essay, an exceedingly unpleasant state after the WWL. The Treaty of Versailles, to take full blame for the war, had forced it. This meant that Germany would have to pay reparations for all of the other countries. Reparations were even harder to essay other people's pay since Germany was in the midst of one of the worst stagflation epidemics in history. Not to mention a brand new government, one that had nothing to do with the signing of this treaty, had taken over should be included in the first of a reflective power. All of the people of this once superpower of a country was in a state of perplexity because they had lost a war at had been fought entirely on enemy soil. Germany was searching for an answer to its insurmountable problems, and found that answer in a Nazi named Adolf Hider. Hitler was born in Austria, into a troubled house.
He had aspirations of becoming an artist, but those subsided when he was rejected from the college of art he planned on attending. He had started listening to essay on respecting people's property a man named Lueger who was at that time the mayor of Vienna. Lueger was a Nazi, with strong anti-Semitic views, which seemed to be a logical answer for Hider and his problems. It was around this time that Hitler was drafted by the army. Instead of going to fight for his country, he chose to flee to Germany. Which is a bewildering thought seeing as how he voluntarily joined the German army when he got there. After the essays written tan war, Hider joined up with a right wing campaign whose job was to property spy on other government groups. Upon spying on one of the parties, the resume N.S.D.A.P. or Nazi party, he found that he had a lot in other property, common with their views. He decided this was his calling so he ended up joining that particular party.
While in this party, he found out about his abilities to draw a crowd and make them believe what you are saying. It was at this time he started his famous speeches that could captivate and somewhat hypnotised whoever happened to listen in. He started speaking in beer halls, and gaining a lot of hih insurance ltd case attention. He would speak on many topics, giving his ideals as the basis for what Germany should be. Essay Other People's Property! He wanted to make Germany the great dynasty it had once been. The party was growing at an astounding rate, mostly attributed to Hitter#8217;s use of the #8216;gift of gab#8217; in the taverns. Hider started organising groups known as the S.A., or storm troopers to cause havoc for opposing parties, mainly the communists.
He had modeled this militia after Mussolini#8217;s Fasci. Image Source: i.ytimg.com. In November of 1923, Hider ordered the SA to arrest the mayor of Munich, and the leader of the garrison, in an attempt to start a coup of Germany#8217;s Weimar Republic. Should Be Included First Of A Reflective Essay! When the SA does get to other property Munich, they are halted, and opened fire on by the garrison. A lot of them were either killed, or sent to hih insurance ltd case prison, as was Hider#8217;s case. While he sat in confinement serving a five-year term for treason (a capitol offence), he wrote his thoughts out in the infamous book, Mein Kompf. Upon his release from lockup, he came to find the Nazi party was not as powerful as it had been before his incarceration. It is then that Hitler realised that it would be impossible to overthrow the government in violence. Instead of seizing power through bloodshed, Hider was going to rise to essay on respecting people's property power politically, once he found a way to get in. This way was lit when the great depression hit the United States.
When the in america essays depression came about, Germany stopped receiving funds. On Respecting Property! That in turn sent Germany#8217;s economy on a downward spiral. Throughout all of this chaos, Hitler unlocked the path. He started becoming friendly with wealthy business owners who liked his philosophies, and started funding his cause. He started heavy campaign tactics to win support for the Nazi Party. Essay! This was made evident when in 1929 they had only had 12 representative is essay other, Reichstag, but in 1931, just two years later, they had 107, approximately one quarter of Germany#8217;s Parliament were Nazis. With his Nazi underlings in place in the Reichstag, it seemed only perfect to what paragraph Hider that the presidential elections were coming up. So he focused all of his attention on campaigning for the 1932 elections.
Hitler#8217;s political stands on current issues involving Germany were extremely vigorous. He had started pointing the #8216;Stab in the back#8217; theory at the Jews, he promised to get revenge on on respecting Great Britain and tan, France, and he wanted to make Germany the great nation it once had been. Essay People's Property! When the elections came around, it was Hider against Hindenberg, another WWI veteran. Hindenberg was counting on the support from master's questions business owners and on respecting other, from the respect he had earned in resume, the war. People's Property! With that support he came out of the elections as president. Even though he was defeated, Hider was not deterred in the least in his quest for conquest on the German government. He opened a new course of action, which focused on be included in the reflective the parliament. Whichever party in parliament had the most leaders usually meant their party leader would be chancellor? So the N.S.D.A.P. focused on getting the majority of parliament to be its own members. With intense campaigning, their plight was successful. The Nazi party in the Reichstag went from its former 107 party members, to 230, which was over half of the seats.
Although they did hold the majority, they did not get the chancellor of essay other people's their choice. Instead, Von Papen had been appointed in the place Hider was hoping for. With the amount of Nazi influence over the government, it was possible for thesis defense questions, the new-fangled chancellor to essay on respecting other property get anything approved by die governing body. Von Papen tried to lower the amount of control the Nazis possessed by calling for now elections of the parliament. This tactic failed when the final count after the elections showed the Nazis with 250 members. Hindenberg decided to defense questions appoint a new chancellor, Von Scheicher, who immediately called for re- elections. However, these elections were a success for the new chancellor, and Nazi affiliates within the Reichstag dropped to 196. Essay On Respecting Other! Even with this decrease in the major party, it was still impossible to get something done. This situation compelled Von Scheicher to go to Hindenberg and thesis, request that Hitler should take over as chancellor in hopes that this will progress towards a cure for the countries many severe problems. Hindenberg did not like the on respecting idea at first, but realised that it was die only way.
Hindenberg placed conservatives in other posts, in hopes of keeping Hider#8217;s power at a minimal but substantial state. So in January of hih insurance study 1933, Hitler took what is quite possibly the decisive factor in his assumption of power, because it put him, for the first time, in a position of political power. With his strong inhibitions, and poise to maintain goals he was after, this was the gateway to his dictatorship. After Hitler#8217;s reception of essay on respecting other Chancellor of Germany, the Reichstag building somehow burnt down, with the resume only Person around being a mentally deficient #8216;communist’. Essay On Respecting Other People's! Hitler used this scenario to make the commies out to be a flaw of society, and was granted the right to suspend all of in america communists civil rights, and send them to prison camps. Hider planned to essay on respecting property kill all of the old S.A. leaders, and form the S.S. These were his own personal bodyguards, but now the army was pleased with his actions and took a personal oath to Hider, not Germany. Now that everything was coming together for his supreme rule over Germany, there still remained some obstacles. These were dealt with in each of their respected ways.
The chancellor prior to violence in america essays Hitler, Von Scheicher, was assassinated along with the leader of the garrison in Munich. This left only one obstruction in Hitler#8217;s path, President Hindenberg. Since he was nearing his own demise, Hider decided to on respecting other people's just wait it out. Once Hindenberg passed away, the gateway to autocracy appeared, and Hitler was about to unlock it. Welcome to Shareyouressays.com!
Our mission is to written tan provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about essay other, Essay. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Before publishing your Essay on this site, please read the essays written tan following pages:
Academic Proofreading -
Men Explain Things to Me - Guernica
Dehydration of 2-Methylcyclohexanol Formal Report Essay Sample. A dehydration reaction of an alcohol results in an alkene. This type of other people's reaction requires an questions, alcohol, an acid catalyst and heat. Generally strong concentrated acids, like sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid, are used as the people's property, acid catalyst.The acid catalyst protonates the alcohol, to make a much better leaving group. Weakest bases make the best leaving groups, so once the alcohol is protonated the leaving group leaves and produces in a carbocation and water. In order to form the double bond, one of the beta hydrogens, hydrogens on a carbon adjacent to the carbocation, must be removed or eliminated. Therefore, another name for a dehydration reaction is beta elimination. Water acts as a nucleophile and attacks the resume, carbocation, removing a beta hydrogen; the electrons from the C-H bond move to on respecting other property, make a C-C pi-bond. The general mechanism is displayed by equation (1.0)Equation (1.0) shows a reaction with a primary alcohol. Usually primary alcohols form primary carbocation. However, primary carbocations are too unstable to form as intermediates, so they can undergo a rearrangement or E2 mechanism.
A rearrangement occurs when an alkyl group or a hydrogen on the neighboring carbon of the carbocation shift to delocalize the positive charge to hih insurance ltd case, result in a more stable carbocation. A rearrangement almost always occurs whenever a carbocation can form a more stable molecule. An E2 mechanism means that the on respecting, reaction is an elimination and the rate-determining step is written bimolecular, two species are involved in one step of the essay on respecting, mechanism. If the alcohol in equation (1.0) were to undergo an E2 mechanism then the beta hydrogen would be eliminated (the nucleophile would attack the electrophilic carbocation), C-C pi bond would be formed, and hih insurance study, the leaving group would leave all in the rate determining step. Additionally, equation (1.0) only people's property, shows one product, which is not true for violence in america all alcohols. Certain alcohols can produce more than one product when they undergo dehydration, such as 2-methylcyclohexanol, structure shown on right. The minimum number of products resulting can be determined by the number of groups of beta carbons on the molecule.
For example, after the alcohol is protonated and leaves, the on respecting property, carbocation will have two groups of beta hydrogens, so 2-methylcyclohexanol will have at least two products as a result of beta elimination. The products of 2-methylcyclohexanol show regioselectivity, meaning products are not produced in equal amount. Zaitsev’s rule can predict which product will be the major, most favored product. Zaitsev’s rule states that the more substituted alkene will the favored product; the double bond containing the most non-hydrogen substituents will be the major product. In this lab, 2-methylcyclohexanol will undergo a dehydration with the acid-catalyst, phosphoric acid. The products will be contained in the same flask because they will be produced at the same time. Gas chromatography will be used to separate the essay paper, mixture of products into property its components. Because each compound has a different affinity to the GC column two separate peaks will appear in the chromatograph. The compound that produces the peak with the master's, greatest relative area will be the major product. The gas chromatograph is connected to the mass spectrometer, so the identities of the two compounds can also be determined.
A mass spectrometer measures the essay property, mass of ions of the sample and matches it with its built in database to determine the compound(s) present. There is no need for running GC’s of known compounds. Additionally IR spectra will be run on the starting material and final product to what should, determine the functional groups present. Finally potassium permanganate will be used to determine unsaturation. Potassium permanganate (KMnO4), deep purple in color, acts an oxidizing agent in a reaction with alkenes or alkynes to essay on respecting other people's property, produce a diol and a reduced form of manganese (MnO2), which is essays written brown. Equation (2.0) shows a generic example of this reaction. Alkanes and aromatic compounds do not react with KMnO4; therefore, no color change occurs. Lack of color change indicates that no alkene was present in the reaction. The purpose of this lab is to determine the products of the dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol via distillation and establish if Zaitsev’s rule holds true in this reaction by analyzing results from gas chromatography and on respecting people's, the mass spectrometer, performed prior to the experiment. IR spectroscopy will be used to analyze the amy barkley resume, products obtained from the experiment.
The products will also be tested with KMnO4 to confirm that 2-methylcyclohexanol had undergone a dehydration to form unsaturated compounds. Given the structure of 2-methylcyclohexane it will probably form two products, methylcyclohexene and 3-methylcyclohexene, as shown by equation (3.0). If Zaitsev’s rule holds. true, methylcycloxhene will be the major product as it is more substituted than 3-methylcyclohexene. The test for unsaturation will be positive, color change visible. ExperimentalThe powermite was set to 6 to heat the sand bath, placed on an extended jack.
To a 25 mL round bottom flask 5.0 mL (4.21 g or 0.0369 moles) of 2-methylcyclohexanol (from Acros Organics with 99 % purity) was added to essay other people's, the flask. What Should Be Included Paragraph Reflective Essay! To the round bottom flask, 2.0 mL of 85% phosphoric acid (from Fisher Scientific) and two boiling stones were added. The flask was swirled to mix. The apparatus for distillation, shown in Figure 1 was set up. Essay On Respecting! A 10 mL receiving flask was used, and should be included of a, the 25 mL round bottom flask with 2-methylcyclohexanol, phosphoric acid and boiling stones was used for the boiling flask. Both receiving and essay other, boiling flasks were attached.
Water tubing was connected and the boiling flask was placed in a sand bath. The thermometer read 27 °C at the beginning of the distillation. Because the temperature rose very quickly three minutes into amy barkley the distillation, the powermite was turned down to on respecting, 3. Hih Insurance Study! The first drop occurred at on respecting 90 °C. Six minutes later, the temperature began to drop so the powermite was increased to 6. Thesis! However, the other, temperature did not rise significantly. At approximately 79.5 °C, fourteen minutes after the distillation began, the majority of the contents in the boiling flask had distilled so the by amy tan, distillation was stopped. Contents of the receiving flask were cloudy. The boiling flask, whose contents were bright yellow, was cooled before discarded.
The result of the on respecting property, distillation weighed 3.84 g. Contents from the receiving flask were transferred to a centrifuge tube, to which 2 mL of 10% sodium carbonate solution (lab sample) was added. Upon transfer to the centrifuge tube, separate layers were visible. Paper Topics! The tube was swirled slowly to mix. The centrifuge tube was capped and inverted once.
The cap was then removed to expel any gas pressure. Again the cap was replaced and the tube inverted several more times. The tube was placed in on respecting other people's property a beaker after the cap was removed to allow layers to separate. The top layer was cloudy but the bottom layer was clear. Hih Insurance Study! The organic layer was pipetted to a smaller beaker, to which a small amount of anhydrous sodium sulfate (from Acros Organics) was added to absorb excess water. The beaker was then swirled and essay people's, allowed to sit for 10 min. A clean dry distillation apparatus was set up with a 10 mL boiling flask and a 5 mL receiving flask. The power mite was turned to 8 to heat the sand bath. When the organic solution in the beaker was clear, the solution was decanted into the boiling flask and two boiling stones were added.
The flask was then attached to the distillation set up. Water tubing was connected and heat was applied to the boiling flask. What Be Included In The First Of A Reflective! The thermometer read 30 °C at the beginning of the essay other people's property, distillation. The contents of the what should be included essay, boiling flask distilled in less than a minute, the thermometer read 79 °C. Because the essay on respecting other people's property, only distillation product to topics, be collected was between 102 -111°C, the distillation was repeated. The sand bath was allowed to cool, and a small amount of the hot sand was replaced with cool sand. The thermometer read 31 °C at people's the beginning of the distillation. The contents of boiling flask were the essay paper, contents of the receiving flask from the previous distillation, massed at 1.1 g. The powermite was set to 4.5. On Respecting People's Property! The first drop occurred at 73 °C. Violence! The distillation took approximately five minutes, finishing at 90 °C. Essay! The receiving final product was massed at 0.88 g or 0.00917 moles.
An IR was run on this sample as well as on the dry sample (done previously by another group). A small sample of the final product was combined with about three drops of 0.8 M KMnO4 in a disposable test tube to test for unsaturation. The tube was agitated, and small brown and red spots appeared. The test tube was allowed to sit as a negative control was run. In another test tube, cyclohexane was combined with three drops of KMnO4.
The tube was agitated but no change in resume color observed. This tube was allowed to sit as well. After five minutes, the tube containing the sample from the essay, distillation had turned brown and separated into two layers with the sample on top. The negative control was still purple, also separated with the sample as the top layer. Finally the GC-MS data was analyzed to determine the master's thesis, validity of essay other Zaitsev’s rule in violence this reaction. Table 1.0 Summary of on respecting other GCRetention TimeRelative Area (100 %)2.7624.02.803.502.8972.5Figure 2.0 shows the GC, done by the instructor. What First! Only the significant peaks were identified in Table 1.0. The area was calculated assuming, total area equaled the sum of the areas of the three peaks (retention time = 2.76, 2.80, and 2.89).
Table 2.0 IR spectral information of 2-methylcyclohexanolPeak Frequency (cm-1)Peak Assignment3356-OH2927CH stretch1449-CH21372-CH3Table 3.0 IR spectral information of products of dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanolPeak Frequency (cm-1)Peak Assignment3356impurity3002C=C2925-CH32857-CH32836-CH21440CH bendingDiscussionAfter the first distillation, two layers formed in the receiving flask. The top layer was the organic layer, and contained the products of the dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol. The bottom layer was the acidic layer and contained the property, byproduct of the essays, reaction, H3O+. In order to neutralize the layer acid sodium carbonate was added. Since the expected organic products were alkenes, it was important to neutralize the acid to on respecting people's, prevent a reverse reaction.
The second distillation served as a purification step in case any water was present after the separation of the layers. Presence of master's thesis questions water can cause impurities and extra peaks in IRs. The most significant peak on the IR of 2-methylcylohexanol, Figure 4.0, is the broad alcohol stretch from 3200-3500 cm-1. Peaks in the 3000-2800 cm-1 area usually indicate CH stretch present in essay other people's alkanes; there is a significant broad peak at 2927 cm-1. Violence In America! A peak at 1372 indicates the presence of a methyl group. The data from this IR is consistent with the structure of 2-methylcyclohexanol. The IR of the essay people's property, final products of the amy barkley resume, dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol indicates the essay other, presence of a double bond; there is a peak at 3002 cm-1. Peaks ate 2925 and 2857 cm-1 indicate the presence of a methyl group. Peaks in violence in america the 1500-1200 cm-1 usually indicate CH bending due to -CH2-; there are several small peaks in that range.
This data is consistent with the structure of the expected products from the dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol. In addition to these peaks, Figure 5.0 shows a minor stretch at 3356 cm-1. Generally stretches in this area indicate the essay other property, presence of -OH groups. The purpose of the study, dehydration was to remove the alcohol group and replace it with a double bond. It is likely that the peak at 3356 cm-1 is due to the presence of water. However, water was not expected to be in the final product becasue the second distillation. This error is on respecting people's property probably because the products acquired from the second distillation were from a temperature range below 90 °C. The first time the purification distillation was run, the temperature didn’t even reach 80 °C. Amy Barkley Resume! Because the final temperature changed by 10 °C after running a second distillation, it is possible that running the distillation two more times would have given the desired results ( no water). The results of the test for unsaturation confirmed the dehydration of an alkane to an alkane.
In the reaction with KMnO4, the other people's, alkene (the product) was oxidized to produce an alcohol and MnO2. Be Included In The Of A! KMnO4 is a deep purple color and MnO2 is a brown color, making the on respecting other people's, presence of the alkene more noticeable. Resume! The purpose of the negative control was to confirm there was nothing wrong with the starting material. The negative control determined that there were no alkenes already present in the 2-methylcyclohexanol that could cause the reaction with KMnO4 to essay property, proceed. The results of the negative control indicated that there were no alkenes present in paper the starting material as there was no color change. The final percent yield shows that only 24% of the final products were actually recovered. The major source of error could have occurred during the separation of the organic layer and aqueous layer. It was difficult to tell when all of the organic layer had been removed from the centrifuge tube to beaker so, less of the organic layer may have been removed then perceived. Additionally, because there was still material left in the boiling flask, some of the product may have not been distilled. Table 1.0 shows a summary of the three main peaks on the GC, all others are irrelevant.
The peak with retention time of 2.76 had a relative area of 24.0 %. Property! The peak with a retention time of 2.80 had a relative area of what be included in the first paragraph essay 3.50 %. The final peak, with a retention time of 2.89 had a relative area of 72.5 %. The two peaks with the greatest area represent the two major products, while a more insignificant peak probably represents the minor product. The mass spectrometer was consistent with this data as the machine identified two compounds with retention times of 2.76 and other, 2.89. The compound with a retention time 2.76 had the structure of 3-methylcyclohexene. The compound with a retention time of 2.89 had the structure of methylcyclohexene. Summarizing data from the GC and the mass spectrometer, two products resulted from the dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol: methylcyclohexene and 3-methylcyclohexene. Methylcyclohexene was present in greatest amount, therefore it must be the major product. Methylcyclohexene is more substituted than 3-methylcyclohexene, thus Zaitsev’s rule holds true for this reaction. Dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol followed Mechanism 1.0 to give methylcyclohexene and 3-methylcyclohexene.
In the first step, the hih insurance, -OH was protonated to make a better leaving group. In step two the leaving group left, resulting in a carbocation. Beta hydrogen elimination took place in other people's step three. There were two sets of beta hydrogen. If the defense, nucleophile, water, attacked the hydrogen on the carbon attached to the methyl group, methylcyclohexene was produced (A). People's! If water attacked the other beta hydrogen, shown by written by amy B, 3-methylcyclohexene was produced. The GC also showed another minor product. This is the product produced if a 1,2 hydride shift occurs.
Mechanism 2.0 shows that the hydride shift would take place at step when the formation of the on respecting, carbocation takes place. Thesis Defense! The hydride shift would take place to form a tertiary carbocation, a more stable carbocation. However, it is important to keep in mind that any carbocation is unstable. In step 3 of Mechanism 2.0, the nucleophile could attack either of the two sets of beta hydrogen. Notice, the beta hydrogens are different from the essay on respecting people's property, ones seen in essays written by amy tan Mechanism 1.0. Elimination of a beta hydrogen, seen in A1, results in methylcyclohexene.
However elimination of essay people's property a hydrogen attached to the methyl group results in topics methylene cyclohexane. Because methylenecyclohexene is the least substituted compound, it is the minor product. Other! Additionally, double bonds inside the ring are more stable than double bonds outside of the in america essays, ring. Therefore though a tertiary carbocation is more stable than a secondary carbocation, the product is the least substituted and essay people's property, least stable. Zaitsev’s rule favors Mechanism 1.0 over amy barkley resume Mechanism 2.0.
However some of the molecules undergo a hydride shift, so a small amount of methylene cyclohexane is produced. In the GC, the peak with a retention time of 2.80 is essay property 2-methyl-methylene cyclohexane and paper, makes up 3.50 % of the products. Essay On Respecting Other Property! The prediction holds true for the dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol as methylcyclohexene was the major product. ConclusionThe two major products of this dehydration were methylcyclohexene and essays tan, 3-methylcyclohexene. Methylcyclohexene constituted most of the other people's, final product, approximately 73%, and 3-methylcyclohexne made up 24 % of the final product (obtained via analysis of a previously done GC and mass spectrometer).
The two major products were formed mostly by following Mechanism 1.0, although one of the products of Mechanism 2.0 was also methylcyclohexane. The other product of Mechanism 2.0 formed a minor product, methylene cyclohexane, making up about 4 % of the essay paper topics, final product. As predicted, Zaitsev’s rule held true for this reaction since the most substituted product, methylcyclohexene, was the major product. The test for essay property unsaturation confirmed the reliability of the starting material. The IR’s of the starting material and final products were consistent with structures of the compounds. However, there was contamination by water in the IR of the final product. The percent yield was also very low, which can be accounted for loss in distillation as well as during separation of in america essays organic layer from the aqueous layer. A very important lesson was learned from this experiment: dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol is a special case in carbocation rearrangement. On Respecting Property! Although the formation of a tertiary carbocation from a secondary carbocation, via hydride shift, was possible, most of the molecules did not undergo a shift. The shift resulted in two products where one (methylcylclohexene) was the amy barkley, most substituted of all three products resulting from a dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol, and another (methylene cyclohexane) which was the least stable of the three products. This reaction followed Zaitsev’s rule and other property, so the majority of the molecule did not undergo a hydride shift, but formed two more stable products than methylene cyclohexane.
• “Introduction to IR Spectrum Interpretation,” Elizabethtown College, Department of violence in america essays Chemistry and essay other people's, Biochemistry, Chem 113, 2009. •”Dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol,” Elizabethtown College, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Chem 113, 2009. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Dehydration of 2-Methylcyclohexanol Formal Report. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Dehydration of 2-Methylcyclohexanol Formal Report. Abstract: We treated 4-methylcyclohexanol with phosphoric acid, and after purification we produced the end product 4-methylcyclohexene. We determined we had a pure product based on the results of the amy barkley, tests…
Reactions of butanols with hydrbromic acid. In this experiment, 1-butanol or 2-butanol will be converted to the corresponding alkyl bromide with HBR, while using sulfuric acid as a catalyst. The sulfuric acid will accelerate the chemical… Separation of Organic Liquids Report. Introduction: In this experiment, a mixture of two compounds, cyclohexane and toluene, was separated into fractions by the techniques of simple and fractional distillation. The individual fractions that were gathered… Alkenes by Elimination.
Abstract: The objective of this experiment is to successfully perform a dehydration of essay other a 2-butanol and a dehydrohalogenation of 2-bromobutane to hih insurance study, form the products 1-butene, trans-2-butene, and cis-2-butene. It was… Esterification – Synthesis of Methyl Benzoate. ABSTRACT This experiment was conducted to synthesize methyl benzoate form benzoic acid and methanol by using the Fischer esterification method. The Fischer exterification technique is utilized in on respecting other property the academic and… AP Bio pGLO Transformation Formal Lab Report.
Abstract: The topic of in america this research involved the occurrence of genetic transformation in bacteria (E. Coli). More specifically, a previously prepared pGLO plasmid–which consisted of the gene to be cloned–was…