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Bachelor Thesis Format and Outline - Preparing a Bachelor Thesis. Bachelor Thesis Format and Outline - Preparing a Bachelor Thesis. You have now arrived at an important step in your pursuit of an undergraduate education and in for the reichstag fire preparing for your future: writing your bachelor thesis. Your thesis must describe clearly and fully the essay goals of the research, the motivation, theories or hypotheses tested, methods used, target population, findings and the advice derived from responsible for the, your findings along with the on careers and physical conclusions drawn. Accordingly, you have to also acknowledge all sources of information you have used (both written and oral) in writing your bachelor thesis. Your thesis stands for your contribution to the knowledge of your field.
Therefore, the final product must be written in a style and layout, which are acceptable, consistent and understood which is why this handbook has been prepared. Who Was Responsible For The Reichstag Essay! This guide should answer your questions about the final written thesis. We recommend that you read it in its entirety before you begin writing your thesis. If you have specific questions that still are not answered, please contact Dr. Noha El-Baz ( [email protected]).
II. Student Responsibility. Although your thesis supervisor will provide guidance, ultimate responsibility for completing the research and preparing a quality thesis rests on you. You are responsible for gaining the information necessary to prepare a thesis properly, meeting deadlines associated with its preparation and in sports and physical education ensuring that the final copy of your thesis is signed and delivered to the appropriate offices. Responsible For The Reichstag! Because your thesis makes a professional contribution, you are responsible for taking a professional approach. Observation! Do the best job that you are capable of doing. Accomplishing this requires good planning, an early start and familiarizing yourself with the broader protocols of your discipline and the world of responsible reichstag fire essay research in general. In completing your thesis, you are responsible for meeting regularly with your advisor and following his/her recommendations, establishing a realistic timeline, doing your best to follow the objectives of the research goals, maintaining a thesis log, providing your advisor with rough drafts, and preparing a high quality final product. Why Music Is Importance! III. Procedural Information.
The sequence you might follow in responsible for the reichstag completing your senior thesis is as follows: The students can choose their subject of the bachelor thesis and a possible supervisor. 1. The student can choose from a available list or propose an independent subject. 2. The student have to choose a top 3 from sample of a essay, a list of potential supervisors. - a list of possible subjects is available from Nestor. - a list of potential supervisors is available. After you have chosen your supervisor, and topic, you should discuss your research proposal, timeline, feasibility and your advisor’s expectations. Responsible Reichstag Fire! Fill out sports and health, Thesis Proposal and Timetable Form, Establish frequency of meetings and attach a more complete description of your plan. Supervision groups are formed with 5-10 students. Contact between students and supervisors.
Read literature, Refine your approach, and who was responsible for the fire Write your project plan then Submit your project plan for approval. Project plan evaluation committee. Possible revision of non-approved project plan. During your elective period which is the first 10 weeks (first semester) in year 3. The elective period should be used to broaden or deepen the knowledge and insights of the student of an area or subject that is relevant for the personal development of the student into a medical professional. The work performed during the elective period should contribute to the quality of the bachelor thesis. Writing your thesis. - Meet with your thesis advisor to discuss progress.
Submit your rough draft and thesis log for his/her review. Summarize your advisor’s recommendations. - Continue the what parts an essay consist analysis and investigation. Statistical analysis (if warranted). Who Was Responsible For The Reichstag Fire Essay! Write final draft of the thesis. Submission first concept bachelor thesis. Bachelor thesis evaluation committee.
Submission bachelor thesis and Final oral presentation (25-40 minutes). Possible revision of non -approved bachelor thesis. Why Music Education Is Importance! Final decisions on thesis format are left to the supervisor and the student, but general principles follow: 1. Rough draft. The rough draft is meant solely to inform your supervisor (or committee) about who was responsible reichstag essay, your progress and allow him/her to provide feedback. Your supervisor will determine the format and the number and content of rough drafts. 2. Final draft.
The final draft must be typed and double-spaced. As a general rule, most theses are 25-40 pages in length. What Of! In the bachelor thesis a current problem within the international (global) field of medicine has to be addressed. Whether your thesis is based on formulating and testing a hypothesis or collecting and analyzing information, the thesis should results in a well-balanced advice about the problem or subject. 1. A sequence you may follow for a thesis that formulates and who was responsible reichstag fire essay tests a hypothesis is: A. Abstract (200-250 words). This is a synopsis of your work, a condensed version of the entire thesis. It should provide enough information for why music is importance a lay reader to understand the rationale and significance of the work. It includes: • Aim/ Rationale for the study /Target audience. • Advice based on findings derived from literature. • Approach / proposed methodology. B. Background/Literature Review (4-5 pages). This section reviews pertinent literature in sufficient depth that the reader will come to appreciate why you are asking your questions or stating a specific hypothesis.
It needs to be balanced (i.e., considers all relevant opinions). Typically, the introduction leads to a statement: “As a result, the objectives of this thesis were to . . Who Was For The! . . . . . . .” C. Methods (4-5 pages). How did you go about conducting your analysis? This should be described in enough detail for the study to be repeated by the reader. D. Results (4-6 pages). This should include all pertinent results. All data must be presented, not only the data which supports your thesis. Figures and tables may be included in the text or at the end of the education thesis to support the results section.
E. Analysis/Conclusions (4-5 pages). This is the most important part of the thesis because this is your opportunity to interpret your results and make decisions on their significance. You should try to extend your results into uncharted territory! What are the implications of who was fire essay your work? You might consider ending this section with specific recommendations for further studies in sports and health this area. F. Bibliography (3-4 pages) Cite all sources of for the information using a standard and consistent method of citation appropriate to your discipline. An example of format is essay and health included in this manual; however, other formats are acceptable. Remember to cite not only published sources but oral and internet sources as well. 2. For The Fire Essay! A thesis that collects and education essay analyzes information, and who was for the summarizes new insights and perspectives will follow a similar pattern: A. Abstract/Synopsis (200-250 words). This should summarize the goals of your thesis, approaches you used, highlights of information you compiled and a summary of the new insights that you have derived from your work.
It includes: background (1-2 sentences) rationale for should the study. analysis and conclusions. B. Who Was For The Fire! Background/Literature Survey (6-8 pages). This section sets the context for your work. On Careers In Sports And Physical! Literature and responsible reichstag information that is essay son pertinent to an understanding of the broad theme of your work plus the conclusions and insights of other writers regarding your problem area should be highlighted. C. Methods (3-4 pages). How did you go about conducting your analysis? This should be described in enough detail for the study to be repeated by the reader. D. Findings (6-8 pages). Here, you should outline the information you gathered in an organized fashion. This information could include narratives of others’ work, tabular data, figures or photographs.
Again, the nature of who was responsible for the fire your thesis will determine the format needed for essay on careers and physical education this section. E. Analysis and Conclusions (6-10 pages). This section could be integrated into who was, the section above or it may stand alone. Sports And Health! Here, you should integrate the information you gathered with existing knowledge and summarize the analysis which you applied to the information you gathered and presented. Your conclusions and final comments should also be clearly highlighted. F. Bibliography (literature cited). Cite all sources of information using a standard and consistent method of citation appropriate to your discipline. Remember to cite not only published sources but oral sources as well. 3. Sequence of your thesis. The IBMG is not interested in who was essay rigidly enforcing formats for theses. More important to us is that you are creative, make a significant contribution and have some fun in preparing the thesis.
You and your advisor may decide to why music is importance essay follow a different format from who was responsible for the fire essay, that outlined here. In some cases, it may not be possible to follow this format. However, we provide this sample format to you as a point from which to start thinking about your format. Page 1 Thesis cover. This should include the essay on careers in sports and physical education thesis title, your name, departmental affiliation and date of preparation (see example in this package). Page 2 Abstract (250 words; see example in this package).
Page 3 Signature Page (see example in this package) Page 4 Acknowledgment Page. Page 5 Table of Contents. Page 6 List of reichstag Figures and education Tables. Page 7 List of Appendices. For The Reichstag! Page 8- Main Body of Thesis. See examples above. 1. Why Music! Paper. Under most circumstances, you should use standard A4 paper. 2. Who Was Reichstag Essay! Margins. One inch margins on left and right, top and bottom are recommended. 3. Education Essay! Page numbers.
Number sequentially from the first page of the thesis. 4. Spacing. Double space the thesis for ease of reading. 5. Fonts. Use a readable font. Font size should be at least 12 point and be a standard readable format. 6. For The Reichstag Essay! Paragraphs. Indent paragraphs five (5) spaces from the left-hand margin. 7. Footnotes.
A footnote presents material that elaborates the text but would unnecessarily interrupt text flow. Why Music Education Is Importance! Footnotes are indicated in the text by consecutive superscript Arabic numerals. The footnote itself is place at the bottom of the page on who was for the reichstag fire which it is cited but should not invade the bottom margin. Footnote entries should be single-spaced. In some styles, footnotes are instead collected at of a observation essay, the end of the thesis and designated as endnotes.
Discipline-specific formats are acceptable. 8. Citations. Referencing will be done using the Vancouver style. 9. Terminology, abbreviation and symbols. Difficult terminology should be defined. Abbreviations must follow the first unabbreviated version of the phrase and placed in who was responsible reichstag parentheses.
You are encouraged to minimize use of symbols in the text. 10. Figure and tables. Figures and old age tables highlight key points in the text. These may be included in the text or collected at the end of the thesis in for the reichstag a designated section.
Where information might be displayed as a figure or a table, choose a figure as most readers relate more readily to essay on careers in sports and physical education visual material. Figures and tables should be numbered sequentially. Separate sequences are used for figures and tables. Each figure and table should have a clear legend. Sources of figures and tables must be acknowledged appropriately in the bibliography. Who Was Reichstag Fire Essay! 11.
Consistency. Whatever format you choose to is importance use, make sure you maintain this throughout your final product. It will enhance the responsible reichstag essay professional image of your thesis.
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Who was responsible for the …
Investigating Writing Sub-skills in Testing English as a Foreign Language: A Structural Equation Modeling Study. National Institute of Education, Singapore. This study investigates the validity of a writing model proposed as the underlying structure of the writing skill in English as a foreign language (EFL). Four writing prompts were administered to 178 Iranian EFL learners. For The Fire Essay? The scripts were then scored according to writing benchmarks similar to the IELTS Writing criteria but narrower in scope. After inter- and essay son, intra-rater reliability analysis, a three-factor model was posited for validation.
Structural modeling of the sub-skills revealed the who was responsible reichstag fire essay two sub-skills of Idea Arrangement and Communicative Quality are psychometrically inseparable, but the Vocabulary and native, Grammar sub-skills proved to have good measurement properties. Using parcel indicators, a two-factor model was then evaluated which had the best fit and parsimony. The researcher concludes Idea Arrangement and Communicative Quality appear to have similar conceptual and theoretical foundations and should be considered the for the reichstag elements of youth old age essay, one measuring criterion. Further research is required to support this finding.  Measurable sub-skills of second language (L2) essay writing in who was analytic approaches have been extensively researched to youth old age the present day. For The Reichstag Essay? There exist different construct definitions but the models postulated are not entirely homogenous (Weigle, 2002). Proposing and evaluating L2 writing models are not as well-researched as rater reliability and bias studies (Barkaoui, 2007; Knoch, 2007; Schaefer, 2008) or systematic rater training (Weigle, 1994), which are two steps in construct validation. In this light, the present study seeks to investigate the underlying structure of the writing skill and youth essay, its measurable sub-skills.
Writing in an L2 is a complicated process, which may be similar to writing in first language (L1) in some manners (Myles, 2002). Responsible Essay? As highlighted in the theoretical and conceptual frameworks of L2 writing, a host of factors affect writing performance (Friedrich, 2008). For example, Mickan, Slater, and Gibson (2000) contended that syntax, lexicon, and task objectives affect L2 text writing. Their study also showed the role of “socio-cultural” factors in about native son essay writing, a finding re-stressed recently by Lantolf (2008). Research also shows whereas external variables can directly affect the writing style and performance (Ballard Clancy 1991; Lantolf, 2008), the effective underlying factors considered in writing assessment have not exceeded a handful such as vocabulary, grammar, cohesion, and coherence (Leiki, 2008; Ferris, 2002).
It is possible to expand this list, but the measurability and separability of these components will remain uncertain. It has been common practice to responsible for the essay construct analytic writing descriptors, each including several criteria to three parts should an essay consist measure (Shaw Falvey, 2008). An example of lengthy lists to measure writing sub-skills is for the fire essay Weir’s (1990) list which has seven subcategories and an instance of a shorter (perhaps more practical) list is Astika’s (1993) three proposed rating benchmarks. Writing assessment has been largely carried out in two forms: impressionistic (holistic) and analytical. Essay On Careers In Sports And Physical? “In analytic writing, scripts are rated on several aspects of writing or criteria rather than given a single score. Therefore, writing samples may be rated on such features as content, organization, cohesion, register, vocabulary, grammar, or mechanics” (Weigle, 2002, p. 114). This practice helps generating helpful diagnostic input about testees’ writing skills, which is the major merit of analytic schemes (Gamaroff, 2000; Vaughan, 1991). Responsible For The Fire? On a holistic scale, by way of contrast, a single mark is assigned to the entire written texts. The underlying assumption is youth old age essay that in holistic marking raters will respond to a text in the same way if a set of marking benchmarks are to fire essay guide them in marking (Weigle, 2002, p. 72). In relation to the analytic assessment of the writing skill, Aryadoust, Akbarzadeh, and Nasiri (2007) discussed three criteria based on which to score the text, that is, Arrangement of Ideas and observation, Examples (AIE), Coherence and Cohesion (CC) or Communicative Quality (CQ), and Sentence Structure and Vocabulary (SSV). The three areas also belong to the benchmarks in fire pre-2006 International English Language Testing System (IELTS) writing assessment criteria (Shaw Falvey, 2008).
These criteria were modified in 2008 and the current rating practice in the IELTS Writing test is based on of a new exposition of writing performance and assessment (Shaw Falvey, 2008); for example, it was agreed to separate the SSV criterion into vocabulary and grammar. For The Reichstag Essay? Also, the CC was found to be the most difficult area for raters to score. The second difficult criterion to rate was the AIE which is followed by the SSV. Shaw and essay, Falvey (2008) capitalized on for the fire essay the similarity of CC and AIE, which could cast doubts on education the inseparability of these sub-skills in writing. The following section reviews research into writing and proposes a model for the L2 writing construct. The model will be validated via structural equation modeling. Nature of Second Language Writing. The analytic standpoint on L2 writing has supplied much of the fuel for writing research. According to Hedge (2005), one can construct a list of “crafting skills”, which comprise such components as lexis, syntax, spelling, and communicating ideas in assessing writing and yet expand on who was fire essay the list in analytic writing.
Writing researchers have articulated other crafting skills influencing writing performance, that is, overall effectiveness, intelligibility, fluency, comprehension, appropriateness, and resources which influenced writing performance the most (McNamara, 1990, 1996); control over why music is importance structure, organization of materials, vocabulary use, and writing quantity (Mullen, 1977); relevance and adequacy of content, compositional organization, cohesion, adequacy of vocabulary, grammar, punctuation, and spelling (Weir, 1990); content, language use, organizing ideas, lexis, and mechanics (punctuations and spelling) (Jacobs, Zinkgarf, Wormuth, Hartfiel, Hughey, 1981); and sentence structure, vocabulary, and grammar (Daiker, Kerek, Morenberg, 1978). The efficacy of such frameworks has been studied; for example, Brown and Baily (1984) investigated Jacobs et al . ’s (1981) and Mullen’s (1977) frameworks. They found using an analytic framework of organization, logical development of who was responsible for the reichstag essay, ideas, grammar, mechanics of writing, and style is a sound practice in old age assessing writing performance. Responsible Reichstag Essay? In a similar vein, Ahour and Mukundan (2009) recently reported that Astika’s (1993) analytic framework helps diagnosing writing problems of English learners. Another postulated writing assessment framework is the “linguistic/rhetorical” model (Connor, 1991).
The measure entails syntactic features, coherence, and and health, persuasiveness. Harmer’s (2004) writing framework expanded on Connor’s model, bearing genre, text construction, cohesion, and register. Likewise, Moore and responsible for the reichstag fire essay, Morton (1999, 2005) stressed rhetorical functions alongside genre and the source of essay in sports and physical, information in writing assessment. The holistic approach toward writing and its assessment has also been researched to a certain extent. It has been stated that a high portion of variability in holistic writing scores is ascribable to four subclasses of grammar competence, that is, sentential connectors, errors, length, and subordination/relativization (Homburg, 1984). Further, Evola, Mamer, and Lentz (1980) reported meaningful correlation between the correct use of cohesive devices and holistic ratings. Intriguingly, the holistic approach has been advocated by several researchers investigating high-stakes tests. Among IELTS writing researchers, Mickan (2003) suggested that a more holistic approach to scoring writing would be more practical than a very analytical, pedantic approach. For The Reichstag Fire? Also, Mickan and Slater (2003) took issue with the essay on careers in sports and physical education analytic scale since, as they claimed, “Highlighting vocabulary and sentence structure attracts separate attention to discrete elements of fire essay, a text rather than to the discourse as a whole” (p. 86). They proposed a more impressionistic approach to evaluating writing in youth old age lieu of the analytic method.
But their assumption was undermined in who was for the reichstag later research on old age essay writing. Contrary to Mickan and Slater’s (2003) study, recent investigations into the writing indicated that vocabulary and grammar accuracy appear to be complementary and who was responsible reichstag, are possible to on careers in sports education be classified under a single rubric (Banerjee, Franceschina, Smith, 2007). Such a proposal is supportive of the assumption that similarities between writing sub-skills make it possible to have composite sub-skills where two or more categories are accommodated into a single rubric. On the other hand, Banerjee et al. Who Was For The Reichstag Essay? (2007) deemed it practical to essay sports and health reduce the rating criteria by accommodating several rating criteria into more unifying headings. For The Fire? This way, the rater, as they stated, would not get bewildered as how to distinguish effectively, say, intelligibility and comprehension, and effectiveness and appropriateness in McNamara’s (1991) framework. Essay Sports And Health? In this light, the who was responsible for the reichstag present study seeks to explore the convergence and essay native, separability of sub-skills of a writing construct model including grammar and reichstag fire, lexis, cohesion and essay about native, coherence, and responsible reichstag essay, arrangement of ideas. The following table presents the proposed definitions of youth old age essay, writing descriptors in the present study. Table 1. Criterion and Descriptors to Assess and Score L2 Writing Samples. 2) aspects of accurate and effective paragraphing.
3) elaborateness of details. 4) use of different and complex ideas and efficient arrangement. 5) keeping the focus on the main theme of the prompt. 6) understanding the tone and genre of the prompt. 7) demonstration of cultural competence. 2) using logical pronouns and conjunctions to connect ideas and/or sentences. 3) logical sequencing of ideas by use of transitional words.
4) the strength of conceptual and referential linkage of sentences/ideas. 2) correct spelling, punctuation, and capitalization (the density and communicative effect of errors in spelling and the density and communicative effect of errors in word formation (Shaw Taylor, 2008, p. 44)) 3) appropriate and correct syntax (accurate use of verb tenses and independent and subordinate clauses) 4) avoiding use of sentence fragments and fused sentences. 5) appropriate and accurate use of synonyms and antonyms. In summary of the table, the who was responsible for the essay AIE is defined as an aspect of writing which concerns the youth essay appropriate tone of the text and genre, appropriate exemplification, efficient arrangement of ideas, completeness of responses to the prompt, and relevancy.
Therefore, it was made explicit to students in the study that the who was reichstag essay reader of the text would be a university professor or an educated individual. In relation to the SSV, the use of appropriate vocabulary, correct spelling, punctuation, and syntax was considered. The CC (or CQ) encompasses elements of argument where components of causality and coherent presentation of ideas are essential. Essay About? Two important aspects that help raters score the CC of the text are the effective use of cohesive devices and responsible for the reichstag fire, the employment of coherent-makers such as particular transitional words and youth old age, rules. Within this definition are aspects of accurate and effective referencing and paragraphing. This area is who was distinguished from the SSV in the effective use of the essay vocabulary and syntax elements to foster the coherence and cohesion in the entire text.
What measurable sub-skills underpin the writing skill? Is there evidence to advocate rating three sub-skills in rating L2 essays? Participants were 178 Iranian EFL students (74 males and 104 females) who took part in reichstag fire the study. They ranged in essay age from 19 to 34 ( M = 25; SD = 3.34), and Persian was their mother tongue. At the time of the study, the participants had completed general English courses (2 to 2.5 years of learning English) and who was responsible fire essay, were either applying for IELTS preparation courses or were recently enrolled in the course. Old Age Essay? The general English courses offered at the institute where the for the essay study was carried out were based on a curriculum which highlighted the youth communicative needs of the students in four language skills: listening, reading, writing, and speaking. Therefore, the purpose of the courses was to bring up students to the level where they could communicate effectively in English. The main materials used in these courses were Interchange series by Richards, Hull and Proctor (2004), which include three textbooks and additional materials such as videos and audio programs. The textbooks were replaced by who was responsible essay, IELTS materials when students completed them, so that students were involved in more communicative practices and activities. Writing was an indispensable section of why music is importance essay, both stages (Interchange textbooks and who was responsible reichstag fire, IELTS), which was instructed by the teacher.
After Lougheed (2004), Aryadoust et al. (2007) classified essay prompts into four main categories: (a) Agreement-disagreement (AD) (b) Stating a Preference (SP) (c) Giving Explanation (GE. (d) Making Arguments (MA) This classification is not made according to the responses to the prompt or manuscripts; rather it is centered on the wording and requirements of the prompts. Table 2 presents the three of sample wordings representing these prompt types. For example, in an AD task, the writer is required to show his/her dis/agreement with a statement or common belief. It is also important to underscore there is a fuzzy border between some prompt classes which makes it difficult for who was responsible for the reichstag fire essay, researchers decide on the task type (Aryadoust et al., 2007). Table 2. Definitions of Four Tasks Based on what should consist Their Prompts. In selecting tasks, following Mickan, Slater, and Gibson’s (2000) recommendation, prompts were chosen to contain the least socio-culturally biased point and have clear-cut meanings (see Appendix 1). For The Reichstag Essay? In so doing, I presented 12 prompts to four experts who agreed on the clarity and observation, objectivity of who was reichstag, four prompts.
The selected tasks were administered to essay son the testees in the same order as in Table 2. Who Was Reichstag? Each student participated in two exam sessions where two prompts were administered to them (AD and SP in session 1 and GE and MA in session 2). There was a 10-minute interval between each two tasks in each session. Each writing task was allotted 40 minutes and I scored the collected scripts initially. Next, two EFL teachers rated a considerable sub-sample drawn from the three consist main sample. To help participants have a clear idea of the possible readership of their text, I used the instructions similar to the ones formerly used in the IELTS Writing test. The instructions read: “ write an essay in response to who was reichstag fire essay the following question/statement for a university professor or educated person. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer [italics added] .” This instruction helps writers address the text to readers of their texts. Two major rounds of scoring were conducted.
I completed the first round of scoring based on the descriptors introduced by of a observation essay, O’Loughlin and for the, Wigglesworth (2003, pp. Is Importance? 100-113) and Hamp-Lyons (1991a, 1991b, 1991c) as summarized in Table 1. Other sets of useful materials were also used to further study the structure of scoring system and who was reichstag fire, benchmarks in IELTS since a 10-point scale (0-9) like the IELTS Writing rating benchmarks was used, e.g. In Sports And Physical Education? Cambridge practice tests for IELTS 3-6 (2002, 2005, 2006, 2007), Jakeman and McDowell (2004), and Official IELTS Practice Materials (2007). The two recruited EFL teachers were also trained and exposed to the sample writings in these materials. The researcher conducted their training in three sessions over the course of one week, each session lasting approximately two hours. The following table presents the who was responsible for the fire scores descriptions and their meanings.
Table 3. Band Score Definitions of IELTS Used in essay on careers in sports the Present Study. Based on IELTS benchmarks, band levels range from 0 (not taking the test) to 9 (expert user). Because none of the manuscripts was consistent with the for the reichstag essay definitions of the band scores 0, 1, 8, and 9, we did not score any manuscript as 0, 1, 8, or 9. Each text was marked in three areas as displayed in Table 1. On the whole, 178 participants wrote on four prompts, which totals 712 essays (178 ? 4 = 712). A second round of scoring was conducted by sports and health, two EFL teachers (as a measure of inter-reliability) and then the researcher himself (as a measure of intra-reliability) to who was insure the quality of scores. Education Is Importance? Due to time constraints and other commitments of the two assistant raters, the researcher had to randomly draw 240 writing samples out of the manuscripts marked (60 writing tasks in response to each prompt). Both teachers rated this smaller sample and the results were compared to find potential discrepancies. Who Was Responsible For The Reichstag Essay? For the same reason, the native EFL teachers did not perform a second round of scoring, and therefore no measure of their intra-reliability for teachers is available. Inter-rater and Intra-rater Reliability. To investigate the homogeneity and consistency of the ratings assigned by the three raters (the researcher and the two EFL teachers), the who was reichstag fire inter-rater reliability of the consist of scores was investigated. Responsible For The Fire Essay? In a well-constructed writing assessment, inter-rater reliability in implementing a set of rating criteria should be both substantive (in magnitude) and statistically significant (Landis Koch, 1977). In this light, I employed the Cohen’s Kappa, ranging from -1.0 to +1.0, which provides substance and significance of the inter-reliability.
Large reliability indexes indicated that the education is importance essay raters had implemented the responsible fire essay rating criteria homogeneously and essay in sports and physical, consistently, making the ratings highly reliable. Indexes close to zero and below suggested that observed performances of the raters could be attributable to chance or intervening variables which significantly influenced the reichstag fire ratings, such as inconsistent rater severity or leniency. According to Landis and Koch (1977), Cohen’s Kappa values from 0.40 to 0.59 are moderate, 0.60 to what three parts should 0.79 are substantial, and responsible for the fire essay, 0.80 and above are outstanding. In a well-constructed, reliable measurement, significant Kappa values greater than 0.60 ( p 0.05 or 0.01) are desirable. SPSS for Windows (version 16, SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL) software package was used to calculate the Kappa coefficients ( p 0.01).
Composite scores were constructed to report the performance of essay on careers in sports education, each participant on each sub-skill. For example, four scores on, say, CQ sub-skills as obtained from the four prompts made a composite score for CQ. This facilitated the investigation of inter- and intra-rater reliability. Table 4 presents a summary of the inter-rater reliability analysis according to the performance of each rater on each sub-skill. Table 4. Inter-Rater Reliability According to the Cohen’s Kappa and Intra-Rater Reliability Indexes. Note. All indexes are significant at responsible for the reichstag fire essay 1% ( p 0.01).
Cq = communicative quality. Aie = arguments, ideas, and what of, evidence. Ssv = sentence structure and vocabulary. Italicized figures report the who was responsible for the reichstag Kappa coefficients. Bold figures present the interclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for rater 1 (researcher). In Table 4, italicized figures are Kappa indexes that report the essay about native inter-rater reliability. As we observe, these indexes range from 0.67 (substantial) to 0.88 (outstanding) ( p 0.01). I also used interclass correlation coefficients (ICC) to evaluate intra-rater reliability coefficients.
That is, the ratings that were completed twice on two different occasions (by me) were correlated to calculate the ICC for each sub-skill. In Table 4, the ICC’s are displayed in bold figures, which are greater than 0.85 ( p 0.01). For example, the ICC for CQ was 0.89 ( p 0.01). In this study, Kappa and ICC indexes lent strong support to the inter- and intra-reliability of the ratings assigned by the three raters. In this study, a Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), using LISREL computer program, Version 8.8 (Joreskog Sorbom, 2006) was performed. The SEM programs provide a model summary and fit statistics.
Fit statistics are to estimate the fit of the model into the data, which is constructed based on a theory. For example, in the present study, the responsible models presented in Figure 1 are based on observation the literature review reported above. According to McDonald and responsible reichstag essay, Ho (2002), the most common fit statistics reported in SEM studies are: (a) Degrees of freedom ( df ) reported together with the chi-squared (? 2 ) statistic, and the ratio of ? 2 / df. For large sample sizes, the ? 2 value tends to be significant; therefore, other fit indexes have been developed to on careers and physical investigate the fit of the postulated model. (b) Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI), also known as the Non-normed Fit Index (NNFI), which depends on the correlation among variables in the model.
It is used to compare competing models or the initial model with a “null model” (Schumacker Lomax, 2004; Fornell Larcker, 1981). (c) Comparative fit index (CFI), which is an index similar to TLI. However, it also considers the increment in noncentrality (see Schumacker Lomax, 2004). (d) Root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), and standardized root mean residual (RMSR), which is used to who was for the fire essay compare two postulated models for a set of data. These fit statistics show the “badness of fit” (Schumacker Lomax, 2004).
In other words, they should be low enough, so that there is three parts consist some evidence that the model fits the for the essay data well. The first model (M1) on the left side of Figure 1 comprised three correlated latent traits (factors) as three big ellipses, for example, Argument, Ideas, and Evidence (AIE), Communicative Quality (CQ), and native, Vocabulary and Sentence Structures (SSV). Each of these latent traits is measured by responsible, three variables displayed in rectangles. One-headed arrows run from parts should an essay consist of each ellipsis to rectangles, meaning the observed variance in each sub-skill (rectangle) is mainly attributable to (or caused by) the hypothesized latent trait. Fire? Latent traits are hypothetically correlated. Therefore, two-headed arrows have connected them. As expected, in each measurement there are some unsystematic errors, which are presented as small ellipses with an youth, arrow running from them to the rectangles. According to Table 5, the first proposed model (M1) did not capture a good fit since the ? 2 was significant, the who was responsible for the reichstag essay TLI and CFI values were below the tenable constraints, and the RMSEA and SRMR indexes showed the model had high badness-of-fit statistics (? 2 = 296.755 ( p 0.05); df = 51; ? 2 / df = 5.82; TLI = 0.87; CFI = 0.90; RMSEA = 0.144; SRMR = 0.059).
LISREL 8.8 provides a set of modification indexes for models that do not fit the data well. Sample Essay? Modification indexes for this model recommended freeing some error terms in order to augment the fit of the model (i.e., covary errors of measurement from different indicators). Applying modifications to the model needs to responsible essay be theory-driven (Geldhof, Selig, McConnell, 2008) and should not override the of a observation theory. Theoretically, error terms from the same tasks can correlate when they have some features in common such as “common method variance” (Schumacker Lomax, 2004, p. 170). Technically, this denotes knowing residuals of a measured variable helps us know residuals of another variable. For instance, the Halo effect is suspect to have affected individuals answering items on reichstag fire a questionnaire that surveys their social status, that is, they may be inclined to overestimate themselves. We assume, therefore, that items assessing the same trait are influenced by youth, the same Halo effect, and responsible reichstag fire essay, their errors correlate. In the present study, error terms associated with the measured variables in, say, the Making Argument task can correlate. This can neutralize the why music potential influence of the Halo effect that might have been a reason why similar scores on three variables were assigned to students’ performance by raters.
That is, it can be a theoretically sound hypothesis that a rater might assign a high score to, say, CQ, only because other scores assigned by him were high. Responsible Reichstag Fire? In addition, errors on the same items from different tasks may correlate, e.g. SSV in why music essay two task types. Taking heed of this theoretical reasoning, I analyzed the covariance indexes to decide on the best modification indexes to apply. For example, the large modification index generated from freeing the corresponding error covariance parameter between the error terms of GECQ and GEAIE could improve the fit very well and who was responsible for the fire essay, decrease the chi-squared statistics.
This modification is essay and health also theoretically sound since both of these error terms belong to the Giving Explanation task and performance in fire essay one area, say AIE, can correlate with performance in CQ. Model 2 (M2) is the modified form of M1. Figure 1. Three Parts Should Consist? Model 1 (M1) and for the reichstag essay, the Modified Model (M2) with Standardized Parameters. Model 2 (M2) displayed a better fit to the data (? 2 = 136.77 ( p 0.05); df = 47; ? 2 / df = 2.91; TLI = 0.907; CFI = 0.937; RMSEA = 0.076; SRMR = 0.071). The goodness-of-fit indexes (TLI and CFI) were fairly large and the badness-of-fit (RMSEA and SRMR) fell below the essay constraints tenable.
These constraints were proposed by fire essay, Hair, et al. In Sports? (2006) who recommended cut-offs according to the sample size. Nevertheless, the ? 2 index was significant, which can be attributed to for the fire essay the relatively large sample size. Table 5. Fit Indices of the Models Postulated in the Study. RMSEA = Root Mean Square Error of Approximation. GFI = Goodness of Fit Index. TLI = Tucker Lewis Index. Essay Sports? SRMR = Standardized Root Mean Residual. CFI = Comparative Fit Index. Responsible? Df = degrees of freedom. M1 = three-factor model or model 1. M2 = M1 modified. Although M2 showed very good fit indexes, as Figure 1 illustrates, the correlation between AIE and why music education, CQ is greater than unity (1.03).
This occurs when the two traits are so considerably similar that cannot be separated. Therefore, another model was postulated to consider this limitation and remove it. A Limited Study to Evaluate other Models of who was responsible fire, Writing. Vocabulary and essay native, grammar proved to be the elements of for the reichstag, one measuring criterion, yet the statistical separability of AIE and CQ was not established. Therefore, I investigated the validity of a two-factor model in a limited study. Accordingly, parcel scores were constructed from AIE and CQ by aggregating scores from AIE and essay sports, CQ (researcher correction) and responsible for the fire, dividing the sum by sample of a, two to get the arithmetic average ([AIE + CQ]/2 = new variable). This measure was taken to help explore the responsible reichstag essay features of a model comprising two factors (SSV and AIE + CQ) and why music education is importance, compare it with the previous models. This would denote that the AIE and CQ are not theoretically and statistically distinguished and the measured variables have addressed different elements of the trait. This further would mean there should not be any significant difference between the new composite variable and a double scoring of the texts based on SSV and AIE + CQ traits.
The definition for the AIE + CQ trait did not vary from the proposed definition in Table 1. In other words, the AIE and CQ definitions were accommodated into a single trait definition. Next, 60 texts were randomly selected to score. Due to time and budget limitations, I managed to responsible for the fire recruit only one of the assistants (teacher 1) to help rescoring the texts. At the end, there were eight measured variables in youth old age the new model. To investigate the differences between the parcel AIE + CQ and the rescored AIE + CQ within and who was responsible reichstag essay, between raters, a series of t -tests (within and between designs) were performed. A within-subjects design test showed that teacher 1 had significantly higher mean scores (Mean = 4.98) than did the essay native researcher (R) (M = 4.87) in ADAIE + CQ ( t (103) = 3.22, p 0.05) only. A between-subjects design test, however, did not present any significant difference between the means. Then, the following model was generated based on the rescored manuscripts, which is responsible reichstag essay displayed in Figure 2.
Figure 2. A Two-Factor Model of Writing with Standardized Parameters. The hypothesized model in old age essay Figure 2 shows significant goodness-of-fit indexes and who was responsible for the, also captures good parsimony (? 2 = 39.10; df = 19; ? 2 / df = 2.05; TLI = 0.975; CFI = 0.983; RMSEA = 0.07; SRMR = 0.065). There is also a moderate correlation between the latent traits (0.35), which means while the traits are separable, they are relevant and what an essay, parts of the same measurement model. This study set out to responsible investigate the validity of a writing model. To investigate the underlying structure of the writing scripts and answer the study questions, a SEM was performed. It was found a three-factor model and its worldly indicators (shown in rectangles in Figure 1) cannot fit the data due to the difficulty with separability of AIE and CQ. This is in essay on careers part due to the low discriminant validity of the model. Discriminant validity indicates how distinct a construct is from another separated construct by “discounting plausible rival interpretations” (Messick, 1988, p. 13).
A discriminant validity criterion in SEM models is that the correlation coefficients should not be too high to be considered inseparable (Hair et al . , 2006). Excessive correlation coefficients jeopardize the discriminant validity (Brown, 2006) and therefore the model does not capture any discriminability (Kane, 2006). Who Was Responsible Reichstag Fire? Because the correlation coefficient between two latent traits was greater than unity in M1, the youth nomological validity, which is “the degree that the summated scale makes accurate predictions of other concepts in a theoretically based model ” (Hair et al., 2006, p. 136; emphasis in original), is at stake. M1 and M2 failed to show good features of discriminability in terms of who was essay, their traits. This observation concurred with the Shaw and Taylor’s (2008) assumption that Argument, Ideas, and Evidence (AIE) and Communicative Quality (CQ) are very similar and may prove to be non-separable. It may be due to the structure of the AIE which can assume a subcategory of coherence and cohesion under its heading.
For example, to arrange ideas, information, and examples, it is essay necessary to who was for the essay use cohesive devices to make the movement within and through sentences of a text smooth. Therefore, the border of the AIE ad CQ may not be clear-cut to and physical education the raters as assumed by the designers of the assessment. Responsible For The Fire? To isolate CC and AIE may appear conceptually fine, but this study yielded no statistical evidence for such an assessment strategy. A statistical solution offered was to manufacture theory-couched parcels by aggregating scores of the AIE and CC that had correlation coefficients greater than unity (Widaman, 2002). Building parcels is an acceptable practice if we rely on the pragmatic philosophy of science, which holds representing each cause of variance (especially minor causes) in scores is education impossible. But more conservative a philosophy considers the idea of a “transgression” which states that all dimensions that cause the variance should be displayed. This is difficult in social sciences and troublesome in language assessment where the range of skills in performance is very extensive but their separability and measurability may be neither desirable nor possible. Considering this, I constructed the who was for the reichstag fire essay parcel score; however, since this would have a higher range of scores than other variables in the study, the sample essay arithmetic average of the parcel scores was calculated to have similar ranges with other variables. Rescoring within-/between-subjects studies showed that all but one composite score had similar mean scores.
The Vocabulary and Sentence Structures (SSV) variables, on who was responsible reichstag fire essay the other hand, loaded significantly on the latent trait in the three models, which can denote SSV’s measured variables have been on-target items measuring the trait sufficiently. Research shows that using grammar or vocabulary as a criterion in writing can produce constant results (Banerjee et al., 2007), although the range of vocabulary is not always consistent with the band scores and their definitions. Therefore, in analytical rating in L2 writing, it seems theoretically and statistically plausible to rate two major areas of the scripts: sentence structure and vocabulary and arrangement of ideas and examples including the cohesion and coherence of the text. As the present study showed, this strategy can explain a significant amount of variance in essay sports scores and ease the process of who was reichstag fire essay, scoring and why music education is importance, decision making. It is also imperative to note the who was responsible two-factor model still had a significant chi-squared index. There are different viewpoints how to observation essay interpret this index. Kline said of such observations: There are two problems with the chi square statistic as a fit index. Who Was For The Essay? First, although its lower bound is always zero, theoretically it has no upper bound; thus, its values are not interpretable in a standardized way.
Second, it is very sensitive to sample size. That is, if the sample size is large, which is required in order that the index may be interpreted as a significance test, then the chi square statistic may be significant even though differences between observed and model-implied covariances are slight. (1998, p. 128) Schumacker and Lomax (2004, p. 100) also advocated the idea that the chi-squared value can be “erroneous” especially when the sample size increases. Nevertheless, more recently, McIntosh (2007) and Barrett (2007) argued that if the chi-squared value shows the failure of the model, the approximate fit indexes should be banned. This researcher is supportive of this view but would also have reservations to fully overlook Kline’s position.
Therefore, for a more in-depth analysis of the findings from this study, the why music use of a larger sample size and integrated writing criteria which divide the underlying construct into two major parts is deemed useful. This researcher proposes the postulated two-factor model temporarily and apropos the findings of the current study. Last but not least, analytical scoring has long proved helpful, well established, and precise (Banerjee et al., 2007; Brown, 2006). To illuminate this area further, it is recommend that grammar/lexicon and the merged criterion of AIE + CQ, which I refer to as Idea Arrangement and Task Fulfillment (IA-TF), should be further researched in future studies. The issue of statistical and psychometric separability of all proposed criteria is who was responsible fire of a paramount importance in youth old age investigations into the construct validity of the proposed models.
Conclusion and Implications. As this study showed, a good model for assessing L2 writings entails rating criteria for two separate sub-skills: SSV and IA-TF. This implicates that very complicated models of responsible for the reichstag fire, writing assessments may not serve the purpose of assessment well. Investigating the effect of raters within a similar model and other proposed models can provide further evidence for the findings of the present study. It is also helpful for should consist, the L2 writing teachers to focus on such skills as SSV and IA-TF in writing courses by providing different types of exercise for who was for the reichstag essay, their students because, as it appears, a good underlying model for L2 writing must bear at least these two components (see Coxhead Byrd, 2008).  A previous version of this article was presented in the ICELT 2009 Conference in Malaysia, Melacca. S. Vahid Aryadoust is youth essay a PhD candidate in applied linguistics from National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. His areas of responsible reichstag fire essay, interest include assessing language skills, validity theory, and measurement. Ahour, T., Mukundan, J. Essay On Careers Education? (2009). Analytic assessment of writing: Diagnosing areas of strength and weakness in the writing of who was responsible for the essay, TESL undergraduate students. Iranian Journal of Language Studies, 3 (2), 195-208.
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The HTML version contains no page numbers. Youth Old Age? Please use the PDF version of essay, this article for citations. The main prompt for Task 2: You should spend about youth old age 40 minutes on this task. Write an essay in who was for the fire response to the following question/statement for a university professor or educated person.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words. 1. Stating a Preference Hotels, restaurants and businesses do not allow smoking inside. In public places such as airports smoking is banned. On Careers And Physical Education? This is a good idea, but it takes away freedom of choice. Some smokers do not like the bans.
Do you agree or disagree with banning smoking in public places? — Mickan (2003, p. 130) 2. Agreement/Disagreement Some people like to travel with a companion. Other people prefer to travel alone. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. — Aryadoust et al. (2007, p. 74) 3. Giving Explanations Traffic is a very serious problem. Pedestrians and bicycle riders are facing more and more dangers. Responsible Fire Essay? Many gardens are being sacrificed to build highways.
What are the best ways to satisfy citizens? Explain. — Aryadoust et al. (2007, p. 63) 4. Making Arguments Television has had a significant influence on the culture of many Societies. To what extent would you say that television has positively or negatively affected the cultural development of your society? — Aryadoust et al. (2007, p. 74)
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A forgotten knight: Why Sun Yat-sen mentor Sir Kai Ho Kai died penniless and powerless 100 years ago. A Legco stalwart and mentor to Sun Yat-sen, Sir Kai Ho Kai wielded enormous influence in who was for the fire essay, Hong Kong at the turn of the 20th century. So how did the man who put the essay native son, 'Kai' into Kai Tak end up dying penniless and powerless, asks Stuart Heaver. Tomorrow marks the centenary of the death of one of this city#39;s most distinguished statesmen - the man who lent his name to the old international airport and the new Kai Tak Cruise Terminal, located at the same site. Sir Kai Ho Kai was a surgeon, barrister and who was responsible for the fire statesman, and a colossal public figure at the turn of the 20th century. He founded the Alice Memorial Hospital in 1887, protected Chinese interests in colonial Hong Kong as a member of the Legislative Council for 24 years, and youth essay is believed to have been the first Chinese man to who was responsible reichstag essay marry an Englishwoman. He founded Hong Kong#39;s first medical college and was instrumental in the formation of the essay native son, University of Hong Kong.
In 1902, he was awarded the CMG (Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of responsible for the fire, St Michael and parts should of St George) and a decade later was the first Chinese Hong Kong resident to be knighted. He was a teacher and mentor to Sun Yat-sen, a leading figure in the reform movement and a noted political essayist during the establishment of the who was responsible fire, first Chinese republic. Tragically, at sports the height of his influence, this knight of the realm and loyal servant of Hong Kong was ruthlessly dumped by his colonial masters. He died suddenly a few months later, penniless, aged 55, long before the idea of an for the reichstag fire airport or cruise terminal bearing his name had been contemplated. While the names of many hugely impressive Chinese establishment figures from Hong Kong#39;s formative years adorn roads, public buildings and ships, it is essay on careers in sports and physical education, a struggle to find much that commemorates Ho, apart from his tombstone in the Colonial Cemetery in Happy Valley. If he is remembered for anything, it is most commonly as the man who put the who was responsible for the reichstag, Kai in Kai Tak, though, on of a closer examination, even this association is reichstag essay, more a case of accident than it is tribute. If it were not for the fact that the old airport was built on a government site known as the education, Kai Tak Bund, which was a failed property development founded by Ho and responsible reichstag his son-in-law, Au Tak, on newly reclaimed land, his name would have disappeared from the streets of youth, Hong Kong altogether. ON THE ROOF OF THE NEW CRUISE terminal is an expansive public park and, on one sunny day, visitors stroll around the ornate gardens, enjoying the views south across Kowloon Bay.
One of them is Lau Hak-mo, who lives in who was essay, Diamond Hill and is out enjoying a walk with his wife. He has lived in essay in sports education, Hong Kong for more than 60 years but admits he is not sure why the new terminal is called Kai Tak. He has never heard of Ho. Sorry, but I have no idea of the history, he says, shaking his head. I am just interested in looking at this new building. And who can blame him - this impressive structure feels like a giant spaceship from the set of a Hollywood blockbuster. Two elderly men enjoying the view from a park bench show a flicker of reichstag fire, recognition at the mention of the name of should, one of Hong Kong#39;s most influential sons. Ho yan, they say, nodding vigorously with a thumbs-up gesture - indeed, Ho was one of the city#39;s great men. Born Ho Shan-kai in who was responsible reichstag fire essay, Hong Kong on March 21, 1859, he was educated at the Government Central School.
At 13, he was sent to why music is importance essay England to complete his schooling at Palmer House School, in Margate. It is hard to imagine what a 13-year-old Chinese boy would have made of for the reichstag essay, a Victorian seaside town in Kent but Kai (he dropped the Shan because it was common to essay about son all his brothers) was comfortable with Westerners and for the Western ways. Education Essay! His father, the who was responsible reichstag fire, Reverend Ho Fuk-tong, was a well-known Anglican preacher for the London Missionary Society and, like many of his religious colleagues, a successful property speculator. His contemporaries called him a capital English scholar, so it is sports, likely Kai grew up in a Westernised family. As a Christian, fluent in English, he would have dealt deftly with any potential culture clash in England and while qualifying in medicine at Aberdeen University, in Scotland, and who was fire then in law at Lincoln#39;s Inn, in London, before being called to the bar in 1881.
Nevertheless, he must have raised eyebrows when he married Alice Walkden, seven years his senior, in London, in 1881. As his biographer, the late G.H. Choa, delicately put it: This was probably the essay and physical education, first Anglo-Chinese marriage ever and even more unusual in that it took place in racist Victorian society; the essay, Walkden family must have been very liberal-minded. Ho returned to Hong Kong the following year and settled with his new wife in a house called Craigengower, on Bonham Road, ready to essay and health embark on a glittering career in public life, sanctioned by the colonial establishment. At first he went into medical practice, but found that few Chinese were willing to pay for Western services so, having been admitted as a barrister to the Supreme Court in March 1882, he practised law instead. While Choa claims Ho was very much a Chinese at heart, with parents from who was responsible reichstag essay Guangdong province, he wore Western clothes and essay on careers sported a wing collar and a well-waxed handlebar moustache. He was even a member of the Freemasons. Alice died of typhoid fever shortly after the birth of their first daughter, in 1884. Ho later remarried, but his first wife#39;s death must have been an immense loss for him. Who Was For The Reichstag Fire Essay! He founded the Alice Memorial Hospital, in Central, in essay sports and health, her memory (the facility has since been relocated to Tai Po and responsible for the reichstag fire essay renamed the why music education essay, Alice Ho Miu Ling Nethersole Hospital). Ho may have enjoyed the finest of British education, adopted Western ways and married an Englishwoman, but the responsible for the fire, snooty and racist colonial elite still would not allow him to essay join their exclusive clubs.
After Ho and Legco colleague Wei Yuk had been denied membership of the Hong Kong Club and the Hong Kong Cricket Club, they petitioned the government, in 1912, for a piece of land in Tai Hang village on which to start their own club. And thus was born the for the reichstag fire essay, Chinese Recreational Club, where the Chinese bourgeois elite could play cricket and tennis in youth, immaculate starched white flannels. The club still prospers. Who Was Reichstag Essay! They were not trying to be British, they were trying to be Hong Kong Chinese, says Professor John Carroll, whose book Edge of Empires focuses on the relationships between the British colonial elite and the leaders of the essay on careers in sports education, Chinese bourgeoisie. You could find martial-arts classes and games of mahjong at the Chinese Recreational Club and some of the architecture was distinctly Chinese. It all helped to prove, in who was essay, Carroll#39;s words, that Chinese, too, could be respectable modern gentlemen, and men such as Ho employed great agility in keeping a foot in both camps for the sake of their careers. During his four terms in Legco, Ho did much to protect the interests of the Chinese. During the anti-French riots in 1884, when strikers refused to work on the French warships that had sunk the Chinese fleet at Fuzhou, Ho provided legal advice to the strikers. Essay And Physical! In December 1886, he opposed a new public health ordinance aimed at improving sanitation because he deemed it a case of Western methods and who was fire essay standards being imposed inappropriately on the Chinese population. His stance was often to remind Legco and his colonial masters, albeit in highly deferential terms, that the Chinese, be they the business elite or humble rickshaw coolies, were all part of the Hong Kong story, and legislation should seek to accommodate their interests and sensitivities. He could be a champion of the Chinese lower classes but [he] was also careful to distance himself from them, says Carroll, who believes Ho struggled to reconcile his loyalties and his personal priorities.
He was often torn by what was good for the stability and prosperity of the colony, what was good for the Chinese population and what was good for his own wallet. These conflicting priorities came to essay on careers in sports and physical a head after the China#39;s 1911 revolution, when two developments began to unravel the reputation of this widely respected public figure. First, Hong Kong was destabilised by the impact of the revolution. With mass migration to the city and a spontaneous outpouring of patriotic fervour, it was widely assumed by Hongkongers that, once the Manchus had been evicted from China, the British would be next. Fire Essay! Second, the of a observation, paternal and pragmatic governor Sir Frederick Lugard, who had great confidence in who was for the reichstag, Ho and Wei, was replaced by professional career administrator Sir Francis Henry May, who had spent most of his working life in Hong Kong and was far less trusting of the Chinese. Essay Son! His suspicious attitude was exacerbated by an assassination attempt against him in 1912. The would-be killer, a loner with a personal grudge against May, missed his target and the bullet was later found lodged in the seat of Lady May#39;s sedan chair. By this time, Ho - who was knighted in 1912, and who was for the fire chose for himself the title Sir Kai Ho Kai - had withdrawn from in sports his legal practice and devoted himself entirely to public duties and to being a political essayist.
He longed for China to reinvent itself as a constitutional monarchy broadly along Western lines and for the reichstag was an ardent supporter of the new Canton administration being held together by Sun, who Ho had taught physiology and medical jurisprudence at the Hong Kong College of an essay consist, Medicine. The situation deteriorated further for Ho when the government banned the use of Chinese currency on responsible fire public transport in education, 1912. It was a pragmatic policy in response to economic turbulence on the mainland but it provoked a boycott by who was fire essay the Chinese, who were incensed by an apparent insult to the new revolutionary government. The tram boycott of 1912-13 pit his Chinese nationalism against his loyalty to the colonial Hong Kong government and finally ended his political career, says Carroll. Though Ho was instrumental in essay sports and health, breaking the boycott, by riding on the tram himself, later that year, May thought this too little too late and suspected that he had been behind the boycott#39;s inception. Within a toxic atmosphere of revolutionary fervour, rumour and distrust, Ho, the most prominent and respected Chinese citizen of who was responsible for the reichstag, his generation, who had bent over backwards his entire life to uphold British values, was denounced privately by May as a conspirator whose primary loyalty was to essay revolutionary China.
Formerly Sir Kai Ho Kai could be relied on responsible fire essay for information and advice when the government wanted it. Now this is not so wrote May, in a confidential report to the secretary of state. About Son! He might become troublesome to this government if he remained in Hong Kong or obtained office in Canton, reported May, ominously. Who Was Fire Essay! Kai Ho Kai remained loyal to the British Empire throughout. There is sports and health, no evidence of him betraying the institutions of the British government, says Dr Fung Chi-ming, who undertook extensive research into who was responsible for the fire essay Ho during his post-doctorate work at HKU. Even so, May ensured that Ho#39;s term in sample of a essay, Legco was not extended and the public were advised that he was standing down voluntarily, due to health concerns. The health reason was not the real reason he resigned, says Fung. There was a deliberate attempt to mislead the public as to the real reasons for Ho Kai#39;s retirement, at one time the best-kept secret in town. For The Reichstag Fire Essay! Fung believes May perceived the well connected and politically sophisticated Ho as a threat.
He was unfairly treated. That is my opinion, says Fung, who is sceptical about the reported circumstances of Ho#39;s death. It#39;s very speculative, of course, but I am a little suspicious that he died a natural death. Fung notes that Ho, a barrister with countless friends and contacts in the legal sector, died intestate. A lawyer who dies without a will in what three parts an essay consist of, place must have died a very sudden death. If he resigned from Legco due to ill health, why did he not make a will? asks Fung. Conspiracy theories are impossible to validate - or quash - 100 years after the event, but his obituary in the South China Morning Post , dated July 22, 1914, makes for who was for the an interesting read, in light of Fung#39;s remarks. The report states his death occurred at noon yesterday, at his residence in Robinson Road, under painfully sudden circumstances.
It continues, Only the previous evening he accompanied a party of why music is importance essay, bathers to Junk Bay and seemed in no way distressed at the conclusion of the who was responsible for the, trip. It reports that the next day heart trouble set in. The funeral, widely reported in essay and health, the local press, was attended by a full A-list cast of the for the essay, great and of a observation essay the good of Hong Kong, including May, who had orchestrated the end of Ho#39;s political career. Glowing tributes came thick and fast, and with seamless hypocrisy. With respect, we treasure with admiration the example he has set us all of devotion to public duty, said the chairman of Legco. Whatever the who was responsible for the reichstag, exact circumstances of his demise, Ho left his widow, Lily Lai Yuk-hing, and their 17 children in such a perilous financial state (for reasons that are not fully understood) that an appeal was made to the governor to help fund the education of the 10 boys. All the sons would move to Shanghai within four years of Ho#39;s death, to of a observation be cared for for the fire by an influential uncle. Carroll has little time for speculation or conspiracy theories, but he does agree that double allegiance had some part to play in Ho#39;s political downfall. Not following orders and sports and health not being a #39;loyal Chinaman#39; led to his downfall, says Carroll, who sees Ho as the original Hongkonger, split in his allegiance to Hong Kong and the mainland. He is who was fire essay, a good example of the Hong Kong identity and probably not so different to those people you hear today talking about how bad everything is post-1997.
And what would the sports, original Hongkonger have to say about the Basic Law and the uncertain progression to universal suffrage in his birthplace? Today, Ho Kai would be talking about the importance of who was reichstag, Hong Kong values, says Carroll. It seems this Hongkonger, who adopted Western ideals of liberal democracy, free speech and should an essay of free trade but never turned his back on responsible for the essay his homeland or his core ethnicity, was harshly treated by the British. Youth Essay! Ultimately, he was simply not considered one of us. Apparently, his only sin was to who was responsible reichstag fire retain a fierce loyalty to Hong Kong and to essay about son the mainland, so perhaps now, more than ever, this citizen should be honoured a little more prominently. A modest tribute in the pleasant park on the roof of the HK$8.2 billion Kai Tak Cruise Terminal might be a good start.
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essay therapy dogs The Research Paper Factory. therapy. One video was of the therapist alone and the other was with them and who was responsible for the essay, their pet, in this case a dog. Randomly the subjects watched one of the video tapes and where then asked to why music education, fill out questionnaires.
Two of the three hypothesis were confirmed; animals do have a positive effect on self-disclosure and the overall ratings of the responsible fire, therapist were higher than those without the essay about native, dogs present. 2. Three different hypothesis were attempted in this experimental study. Would the who was responsible reichstag essay, therapists with. Words: 974 - Pages: 4. Examining Physical Therapy in essay native son Detail Physical therapy became an existing treatment as early as the 5th century. The earliest documented history of when physical therapy began as both a treatment method but also a career was in the late 1800s, which was when the nurses from who was essay England established the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (Eugene Physical Therapy, 2011). For over more than a century and since its development, physical therapy has expanded with multi-faceted treatment regimens, as. Words: 1172 - Pages: 5.
Running heading: Organizational Change Process Presentation Cornelius Bowman LDR 531 Dr. C Introduction This paper focuses on the various strategies of sports and health, organization change based on the leaders’ pet peeves. It has researched articles from various authors. One of who was reichstag fire, such author is Kowaski, Robin M. in his book, “Complaining, Teasing and other Annoying Behaviors”. The paper has gone further to provide the recommendations on how these organizations changes are carried out. The. Words: 1555 - Pages: 7.
Using the concepts of Reality Therapy, how will you help Ram, a manager in is importance essay an engineering company, who is angry with his colleagues because he is scared of losing his job? Reality therapy is firmly based on who was responsible choice theory and its successful application is dependent on a strong understanding of choice theory. What Three Parts An Essay Of? Reality therapy is centered on who was responsible essay our five basic, genetically endowed needs. These needs are classified under five headings. The first is on careers education our primary and physical need for: • Survival. Words: 776 - Pages: 4. Menageries Owning an unusual pet was a way to show wealth and power to others.
These were known as Menageries. A menagerie is a private collection of animals, which is not open to the public as a zoo is in our times now. When a family decides to buy a family pet, generally they look at reichstag fire fancy fish, sweet little kittens or even a high-spirited puppy. They would not think about going out and why music education is importance essay, buying a lion for their young child to play with. However, many people get unusual pets. Yet, it does. Words: 773 - Pages: 4. Child and Family-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pediatric Bipolar Disorder Citation: West. A. E., Jacobs, R. Who Was? H., Westerholm, R, Lee A., Carbray, J., Heidenreich, J., amp; Pavuluri, M. N. (2009).
Child and Family- Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for of a essay, Pediatric Bipolar Disorder: Pilot Study of Group Treatment Format. Responsible Reichstag? Journal of The Canadian Academy of Child amp; Adolescent Psychiarty, 18(3), 239-246. This article shows the study of a group adaptation of child and family. Words: 263 - Pages: 2. Systems Theories: Strategic Therapy Strategic Therapy or Strategic Family Therapy is one of the oldest theories used in the practice of marriage and sports, family therapy today. It was developed by Don Jackson and others affiliated to the Palo Alto group. Jay Haley and responsible reichstag essay, the Milan Group are also important practitioners of the model Strategic Therapy. This theory is portrayed as focused on altering family dynamics, eliminating problems and focusing on about native son the presenting problems rather than the past, and. Words: 1099 - Pages: 5. I. Business Metric and Key Marketing Problem Statement Zenith Pet Foods has tremendous potential to enter the household dog food market and to essentially introduce a new product, unknown to the general public. Until Show Circuit, Zenith Pet Foods frozen dog food brand, dog food cell into four categories, dry, canned, semimost, and dog treats (82).
Along with this huge market potential come obstacles and for the, problems to overcome. The key marketing problem is to essay and physical education, prove to the frozen-food buyer of. Words: 900 - Pages: 4. PET Scans Julia Savage HCS/320 May 1, 2012 PET Scans PET scans (Position Emission Tomography) are a wonderful addition to present-day health care. PET scans are a type of imaging test that shows the physician, the patient’s organs and tissue in his or her body, and how these organs and tissues are functioning. PET scans gives the physician three-dimensional pictures, and who was for the reichstag fire essay, the physician can see organs, and essay on careers in sports education, tissues from any angle to check for abnormalities. Words: 757 - Pages: 4. care of the pet while providing the necessary care and amenities. Majority of dogs up for adoption are pure breeds, thus possess excellent agility and obedience levels (Banks, 2006). Dogs are beneficial pets especially because of the endless options which a dog can undertake.
There are competitions available for who was for the, the pet dogs for instance they can be useful for therapy purposes or even security services. Such competition avenues are not available to other pets like cats and lizards. As long as. Words: 1099 - Pages: 5. Behavior therapy is a technique that was developed as a response to the psychoanalytical model and emphasized observable behaviors instead of the internal events or client history (Goldfried amp; Davidson, 1994).
The theory is based upon the idea that behavior is learned and can subsequently be unlearned or modified. It is a theory that emphasizes examining current causes of behaviors rather than the individual’s history. The major contributors of this theory include Ivan Pa Both. Words: 290 - Pages: 2. the perfect fit for us. Essay About Native? This brief essay will explain to you why we were exactly correct in the pet that we chose to fire, make our family. At full maturity, a male Rottweiler will reach at least 115lbs.These dogs were actually bred to of a observation, pull carts! The Rottweiler is normally a calm and collected, well confident, and very courageous dog. They are naturally protective of their home and family. The Rottweiler is who was reichstag essay a very strong and powerful dog.
They are big enough and essay on careers in sports and physical education, capable enough to who was, knock any grown. Words: 632 - Pages: 3. Online Therapy The new millennium brought on parts should consist of tremendous changes through the internet. Responsible Fire Essay? Information is accessible easily online along with numerous services. The Human Services realm has begun to offer services via internet. Services offered by online counseling are for anger management, depression, child hood, trauma and HIV and AIDS.
In this thesis I will discuss the services provided by each site, the experts the consist of, form of communication used through the online services and regulations or. Words: 1107 - Pages: 5. The Cutting Edge MLS Laser is one of the most technologically advanced therapeutic Class IV lasers approved by the FDA. The MLS Laser is capable of delivering over 100 times more healing energy than the most powerful devices of the previous generations. More power means shorter treatment times, less therapy needed and immediate relief from pain. The MLS Laser floods the reichstag fire, tissues with photons, energizing the damaged cells and old age essay, increasing circulation to the area in pain.
This increases the. Words: 373 - Pages: 2. Pet therapy Throughout the for the reichstag essay, history, animals played very important role in human existence – protection. People always believe in son animal’s supernatural power: for example, in Egypt people worshiped cats and believed in Bastet – a goddess with cat’s face who protected people from evil spirits (Mark, 2012). In present days, many people still believe in who was responsible reichstag fire essay animal’s supernatural power and think that to have a pet in should consist of the house will help them to fire, keep evil spirits away and keep households safe. Of course. Words: 1232 - Pages: 5. Introduction to about native son, professional practice Historical Paper Adam Monge October 15, 2013 Alliant International University Introduction Skinner is one of the most important historians to psychology, his work led to the development of behavior modification and behavior therapy which is responsible for the fire a model that psychologist continue to apply and modify today. Consist? In the beginning with the social need for efficient psychotherapy soon developed a solid theoretical body of behavioral laws. Words: 2101 - Pages: 9.
Pet Peeves We all have that one thing that really tests our limits and pushes our buttons. Who Was Reichstag Essay? One of my biggest pet peeves is the on careers, use of cell phones in inappropriate times and places. With all the new upgrades in technology people seemed to forget how to communicate without the constant use of cell phones. I am not again cell phone use I just believe there is a time and place for everything. For instance being in the hospitality industry I have served many tables who will talk on the phone as. Words: 301 - Pages: 2. Persuasive Speech The Gerson Therapy Specific Purpose: To convince my audience that The Gerson Therapy is by far a better alternative to who was for the reichstag fire, cancer therapy and control than conventional treatments and therapies. Central Idea: The Gerson Therapy is a natural treatment for cancer and old age, other diseases that activates the body’s extraordinary ability to heal itself through an organic, vegetarian diet as opposed to other conventional treatments that tend to deteriorate the body in hopes of reaching.
Words: 1005 - Pages: 5. intellectual functioning, he does not have a mental retardation diagnosis however, and who was responsible for the reichstag, he has done well in essay supported learning classes at his home school. Brian Still receives therapy from point of light an agency located in who was responsible for the reichstag fire essay Shippenville Pa. for what three should of, sexual abuse victims and abusers. Who Was Reichstag Essay? He has the following axial diagnoses as contained within the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association, (DSM IV TR, 2000). Axis I: 314.01 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity. Words: 3688 - Pages: 15. Therapudeic Therapy In our society there are several forms of behavioral and social development concerns. To help people cope with these psychological concerns there are a wide range of therapies, techniques and education, approaches, such as psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is responsible fire a systematic interaction between a therapist and someone who is suffering from mental or emotional issues, with the goal of providing support or relief to overcome their psychological disorder (Rathus, 2012).
There are several. Words: 739 - Pages: 3. Experiential Family Group Therapy Experiential Family Group Therapy Melanie Davis Columbia College In today’s world, many people seek professional therapy or counseling for a limited amount of time in why music education essay order to who was, deal with different life crises, they may experience. Others seek professional help for the majority of their lives in order to deal with a psychological disorder. Earlier this year I was served with divorce papers. Essay And Health? This entitles me to long hours of counseling, to help me.
Words: 268 - Pages: 2. Pet Adoption Many people have different thoughts on adoption. Such as why adoption is a good thing not only for who was for the fire, the animal but also the owner, if each dog deserves a second chance, and three parts should consist of, if there should be kill shelters. Adoption is good for both the animal and the owner, by adopting an animal is gives them a new home that they deserve. Adoption gives the owner a sense of what the responsible fire essay, animal has gone through, which sometimes helps understand the way the animal may act and can help find ways to. Words: 741 - Pages: 3. Running Head: Written Assignment 1 Written Assignment Author Note This Course Project is being submitted on March 1, 2014 For General Psychology Class. My topic for son, my psychology research report, is the topic of electro convulsion therapy, or what is formally known as electro shock therapy. Who Was For The Fire Essay? In this paper I will describe what it is, how it is. Words: 2064 - Pages: 9. Last class I learned about the Adlerian Therapy established by Alfred Adler, a man who struggled with the family members.
Adler strived to overcome his conflicts within himself and with the society. Essay Sports And Health? His view towards the human nature was that people have unique views of ideal-self depending on responsible for the their personal social interaction. Sample Of A? He believed that people have life goal that they must achieve. The main difference between Adler and Freud was that Freud believed that as long as one could analyze. Words: 374 - Pages: 2.
Online Therapy BSHS/352 February 3,2014 Online Therapy Therapy can be seen as a way for a client to who was reichstag fire essay, work through an issue in their life. A client may find that they don#x27;t feel comfortable sitting in an office with a therapist discussing their issues or concerns but that they would rather obtain therapy by accessing the Internet and sample observation essay, utilizing online therapy. With modern technology it makes it much easier to who was responsible reichstag, access different forms of online. Words: 1421 - Pages: 6. Spiders are amongst the most feared animals by humans because many of youth old age essay, them are poisonous and who was, can cause great injury or even death if bitten by them. Coincidentally many people are fearful of of a essay, spiders, which often time disables them with fear in the presence of this animal. Many people live their entire lives with the fear of spiders. This paper will discuss how these people can learn through exposure therapy to extinct their fear of responsible for the essay, spiders. Personally I am not afraid of spiders; however, my. Words: 892 - Pages: 4.
TYPE OF BUSINESS: Leave your pet for as long as necessary in our 24 hour pet boarding, activity and clinic center. Essay? Executive Summary: This business is for the reichstag essay involved in why music is importance upscale care and overnight accommodations for domestic pets;the focus of who was essay, Jr. Day Spa Center. Providing superb services such as day and overnight care. Services we provide will be above and essay native, beyond what our competition can offer. There is an rewarding benefit of caring, sharing our hearts and homes with our pets. We. Words: 2714 - Pages: 11. The research analyzes the who was responsible reichstag fire essay, case Cat Fight in the Pet Food Industry Parts A and B (Harvard Business School, 1991, pp. 113; Harvard Business School, 1992, p. 1).
The results of this analysis are presented in (1) an industry analysis, (2) an assessment of sample of a essay, company positioning, and (3) a consideration of the implications of the acquisition of the AndersonClayton firm. Porter (1980, pp. 717) considers the conditions of entry in to an industry as one of the keys to both the structure of the industry. Words: 826 - Pages: 4. totally different relationship to who was responsible fire essay, dogs, which are shown by fear and anxiety. It also shows how hard it can be to change one’s attitude towards dogs, as the author of the text signs up for why music education is importance essay, a course on dog behaviour. Who Was Responsible For The Reichstag Fire Essay? In text 3 the focus is on elderly people living in nursing homes. They are experiencing increasing life quality through pet-therapy programs, which are giving the essay, elderly a feeling of being needed. Comment on the statement “People need to be needed and animals need people” People.
Words: 403 - Pages: 2. Yoga Therapy Asanas Back pain Therapy II 1. Folded legs at knee- Lumbar strtch Alternative legs Both legs Cross legs 2. Setubandasana breathing 3. Dorsal stretch 4. Cat amp; cow breathing 5. Sasangasana breathing 6. Bhujangasana breathing 7. Shalabasana breathing – alternative legs 8. Responsible For The Fire Essay? Straight legs raising breathing- alternative legs 9. Side lumbar stretch 10. QRT Asanas 1. Ardhakati chakrasana 2. Ardha chakrasana 3. Prasarita pada. Words: 1145 - Pages: 5. The Use of Forgiveness Therapy for Women Who Are Victims of observation essay, Emotional Abuse Shelia Roberts Liberty University Integration of for the fire, Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Counseling – COUN 506-D11 Dr. Jerry Vuncannon, Jr. Sports And Health? March 22, 2013 The Use of Forgiveness Therapy for Women Who Are Victims of Emotional Abuse There are many methods that can be used to treat an individual’s psychological condition depending on their circumstance or situation. Fire Essay? Relationships between husbands and essay native, wives or.
Words: 267 - Pages: 2. Business Plan A Pampered Pet 101 Pet Care Drive Fishers, IN 46038 Phone 317.555.5555 www.apamperedpet.com Contents Executive Summary 1 Type of Business 1 Company Summary 1 Management 1 Market and Competition 1 Funds Requested 1 Collateral 1 Use of Proceeds 2 Financial Projections 2 Exit 2 Deal Structure 3 Background and Purpose 4 History 4 Current Situation 4 The Resource-based Concept 4 Objectives 5 Market Analysis 6 Overall Market 6 Specific Market 6. Words: 6111 - Pages: 25. Online Therapy-Is it for everyone? Online Therapy BSHS/352 Technology in Human Services 1|Page Online Therapy-Is it for everyone?
There are many reasons people visit therapist, issues ranging from eating disorders, anger problems, relationship issues to psychosis. The levels of therapy that are available may vary and the way in which the therapy is received also varies depending on who was responsible reichstag essay the given situation. E-therapy, e-counseling, cyber-counseling and tele-therapy are all the same. Words: 1222 - Pages: 5. Shock Therapy Shock therapy is when suddenly the national economy changes form state controlled to a free market. Main features of shock therapy include the privatization of public organizations, ending of price control and trade liberalization within a country. The term shock therapy originates from Bolivia#x27;s tackling of essay son, hyper-inflation in 1985. On 29 August, just three weeks after the for the, election of Victor Paz Estenssoro as President, and the appointment of Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada, the. Words: 331 - Pages: 2.
Topic: Pet Therapy and essay, The Elderly I. Introduction: Humans were not destined to live in responsible for the reichstag fire essay isolation, but to establish meaningful relationships and companionships with others. Thesis: Pet therapy has made a substantial and positive impact on about native son the affected elderly since it has improved social stimulation behaviors, provides emotional and physiological stability and responsible for the reichstag fire essay, alleviates the symptoms of observation, depression. II. Body 1.) Pet therapy improves social stimulation behaviors.(Condit, 2010. Words: 515 - Pages: 3. The theory that I felt drawn to most this week was cognitive behavioral therapy.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a structured, systematic way of looking at the negative behaviors and beliefs that control your life. It explains how (with help and practice) new, more appropriate behaviors and beliefs can bring the positive aspects of your life into who was reichstag focus (Henderson amp; Thompson, 2011). Essay? This type of therapy approach can be used in everyday situations where there are unwanted actions or beliefs. Words: 545 - Pages: 3. Marketing 331 – Pet Meds Essay Pet Meds, an online pet pharmacy was founded in 1996 when the Internet just started becoming popular. Responsible Reichstag Fire Essay? Like many companies they saw an and health, opportunity to keep their overhead low so they could over reichstag essay, value to its consumers.
Over the years many websites have come and gone with various levels of success. Running an Internet Business is essay about son more than throwing up a website and hoping people will come and who was for the reichstag essay, buy from you. The same marketing disciplines are needed on the internet as. Words: 699 - Pages: 3. Proton Therapy Name Institution Date Proton Therapy Introduction Proton therapy refers to an advanced as well as effective form of sports and health, treatment for responsible, malignant tumors without causing damage to adjacent body tissue and organs. In the U.S.A cancer stand out sample as the second most common cause of death. In fact, cancer account for approximately one out of every four deaths that occur in the entire nation (Woolfolk, 2011). There are several ways and methods of responsible fire essay, treating cancer; however, proton.
Words: 1438 - Pages: 6. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic approach that addresses dysfunctional emotions, maladaptive behaviors and cognitive processes and contents through a number of goal-oriented, explicit systematic procedures. The name refers to on careers and physical education, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, and to fire essay, therapy based upon and health, a combination of basic behavioral and cognitive principles and research. CBT is responsible fire thought to be effective for the treatment of a variety of conditions, including mood, anxiety. Words: 5278 - Pages: 22. Aidalyn D. Guerrero Period: 4 August 29, 2015 Pet Peeves What is old age Pet Peeve? According to Wikipedia pet peeves or pet hate is who was reichstag essay minor annoyance that an individual identifies more particularly annoying to them self, to a greater degree than other may find. We have different pet peeves that we usually experienced in our life, like people who have bad manners, poor personal hygiene, and an essay consist, bad affair to families, friends and responsible for the reichstag essay, other people. People have experienced pet peeves it depends on their. Words: 1242 - Pages: 5. VOICE THEREPY HAS THE SAME AFFECT AS HIM MEETING FACE TO FACE IN HIS OFFICE AT THE OUT PATIENT BEHAVIORAL HEALTH CLINIC IN THE HOSPITAL THAT HE HAS HIS DAY JOB.
CHAT THEREPY: THESE THERAPY SESSIONS LAST 60 MINUTES INCLUDING TEXT THEREPY SESSIONS, AND INSTANT MESSAGING, ALL THESE SESSIONS ARE SET UP IN A SECURE PRIVATE CHAT ROOM (SKYPE,INSTANT MESSAGEING) THERES IMMEDIATE FEEDBACK ALONG WITH THE SAME FLEXABILITY THAT FACE TO FACE AND ADDRESSING ISSUES. TRANSCRIPTS FROM THESE SESSIONS ARE AVAILABLE. Words: 1108 - Pages: 5. Online Therapy Online Therapy Online therapy is essay on careers in sports and physical a service that helps obtain therapeutic services through an who was essay, online database that is maintained by a therapist or several therapists. In today#x27;s fast-paced society individuals rely on the Internet for many things to assist in their every day lives. Online therapy is sample essay no different. Responsible For The Reichstag? It is just another means of making help more accessible to those in need and less intrusive. Online therapy consists of a therapist providing. Words: 928 - Pages: 4.
Behavior Therapy Naomi R. Wiley AmRidge University Dr. Essay About Native Son? James Kelly Abstract The behavioral approach was a significant departure from the psychoanalytic perspective of the 1950’s and who was responsible reichstag fire essay, 1960’s. What Three Should Of? B.F. Skinner believed all human behavior was a direct result of the environment in the form of stimuli, where human behavior strictly complies with the principle of causality. Skinner felt his ideas were the only true scientific theory of.
Words: 1119 - Pages: 5. is almost never necessary because under ordinary circumstances cats clean themselves. Cats are more particular about personal cleanliness than people are. In addition, cats can be left home alone for a few hours without fear. Responsible For The Reichstag Fire? Unlike some pets, most cats will not destroy the is importance essay, furnishings when left alone. They are content to go about their usual activities until their owners return. Cats are low maintenance, civilized companions. People who have small living quarters or less time for pet care should appreciate these characteristics of who was responsible, cats.
However, many people who have plenty of space and time still opt to have a cat because they love the cat personality. Youth Essay? In many ways, cats are the ideal housepet. Words: 469 - Pages: 2. Breeder#x27;s Own Pet Foods, Inc. Case overview/situation anaylsis: The Breeder#x27;s Mix is a high quality dog food that is made from only the highest quality beef, liver, chicken and fortified cereal. This mix of for the reichstag, food is essay native son proven to responsible for the reichstag, improve the essay sports, dogs coat as well as its health and for the fire, well being.
Due to its affect on dogs the Breeder#x27;s Mix is essay used on various show dogs and dogs in kennels. The dog market is an already large market and who was reichstag fire essay, it is only growing. In 2011, sales from manufacturers totaled $14. Words: 896 - Pages: 4. Gene therapy is the transplantation of normal, healthy genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones in order to of a observation, repair or replace the diseased causing cell, genes. Fire? How it works is correct the genetic disorders, like sickle cell, brain cancer and other cancerous cell and old age, viral infections. Biotechnologist have found that there is still no quick rout to achieving this. Responsible Reichstag? Gene therapy is still at its experimental stages of treatment, but some of their findings have been promising. Words: 705 - Pages: 3. Gustavo Gomez Eng.
101 Murphree 12 February 2016 The life of essay in sports and physical education, a House Pet The world has many interesting things to offer either it be an animal or the most interesting man in the world. But something that I have lived with for years made me grow so much interest in a very odd way. For The Reichstag Fire Essay? Our house pet “Princess” she is on careers in sports a very small dog or what other people might call a toy dog since they are so small and responsible for the reichstag fire essay, fragile. Youth Essay? A house pet might be so simple but have so much to show to someone who doesn’t know. Words: 1239 - Pages: 5. Module 12 See Learning Module 12 You may choose from any of the assignments listed there.
Apr 16th Social Psychology Week 16 Learning Module 13 Psychological Disorders Week 17 Learning Module 14 Last day to withdraw – April 22nd See Learning Module 13 You may choose from any of the assignments listed there. See Learning Module 14 You may choose from any of the assignments listed there. Responsible For The Reichstag Fire Essay? Apr 23rd Apr 30th Therapy Week 18 The End No Exam There is no exam in this class. Sports And Health? See Syllabus on calculation of final grade. Who Was Reichstag? May 7th 3.
Words: 479 - Pages: 2. character intelligence. Prometheus Nemesis Book Co. Is Importance Essay? Kouneski, E. Who Was For The Reichstag Fire Essay? F. and Olson, D. Youth Old Age Essay? H. Responsible Reichstag? (2004). Con?ict and disenchantment: ENRICH couple types. In R. H. Coombs (Ed.) Family therapy review. New Jersey: Lawrence, Erlbaum and Associates. Olson, D. H., Gorall, D. (2003). Circumplex model of marital and family systems. Sports? In F. Walsh (Ed.), Normal families (3rd ed.) New York: Guilford Olson, D. H. and Olson-Sigg, A. (1999).
PREPARE/ENRICH Program: Version 2000. In Rony, B. and Hannah, M. T. (Eds. Words: 5983 - Pages: 24. Family therapy is a type of responsible reichstag fire, psychological counseling that helps family members improve communication and resolve conflicts. Family therapy is why music essay usually provided by a psychologist, clinical social worker or licensed therapist.
With family therapy it may include all of the family members and anyone that is willing to participate. It caters to your specific therapy plan and who was for the essay, often short term. Why Music Education Is Importance Essay? Family therapy sessions will deepen the family connections by who was responsible reichstag fire essay, teaching all the family members skills to.
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IGCSE and GCSE Geography Coursework (Paper 4) Paper 4 is the alternative to coursework paper that is responsible for the reichstag fire essay, worth 27.5% of your final IGCSE grade. The coursework paper tests your understanding of how coursework is carried out. The paper is 1 hour and 30 minutes long and divided into two 30 mark questions. You answer all the questions on the examination paper, most questions are short in length, between 1 and 4 marks. The paper requires a combination of knowledge and sports and health skills. Who Was Responsible For The Reichstag? The questions usually focus on coursework to old age essay, do with; coasts, rivers, settlements or weather.
As a IGCSE geographer it is possible to carry out coursework on responsible for the reichstag, many aspects of the course. Youth? Possible topics and areas of study may include: Changes in river velocity from source to mouth Changes in load (shape and size) from source to fire essay, mouth Changes in channel depth, width, cross-section and on careers education wetted perimeter from source to mouth Changes in discharge from who was responsible for the reichstag fire, source to of a observation essay, mouth Changes across a meanders cross section Changes in for the reichstag river gradient from source to mouth Changes in valley size and and physical education gradient from source to mouth Changes in land use a long a river Changes in pollution along a rivers' course (you need proper equipment for this) Changes in vegetation (cover and variety) moving inland Changes in beach profile and sand dune profile Speed of longshore drift Changes in land use Changes in defences (compare to land use) Changes in beach or dune material (size or shape) Changes in who was responsible land use Changes in traffic (maybe CBD to what three parts should an essay consist, rural-urban fringe) Changes in pedestrians Number and type of tourists Changes in the quality of the who was responsible fire, environment or pollution levels (may look at the impact of industry) Changes in globalisation Changes in cost of youth essay, products Comparison to Burgess or Hoyt Model Changes in wealth or population density (will have to who was responsible fire, use some secondary data) Sphere of influences of essay on careers in sports and physical education, settlements or services. Changes in temperature throughout the day or between seasons Changes in rainfall Changes in who was reichstag fire essay humidity Changes in hours of sunshine or cloud cover Changes in wind speed and wind direction.
Before you choose your coursework you have to decide if you live in a suitable study location. About Native Son? For example it is no use trying to do a piece of coursework on rivers, if you live in the middle of responsible fire essay, a desert. What Should Consist? Before starting your coursework, you should also think about who was responsible essay how you can carry out the coursework safely and definitely carry out a risk assessment. You can make your coursework safer by of a observation essay, doing the following: Protection from the weather (waterproof jacket, umbrella, hat, suncream) Sensible dress (remember you will be representing your school, but you should also wear clothes that don't draw attention to yourself Always carry out coursework in groups Always tell an adult or teacher where you area carrying out coursework Always carry a mobile phone with you Never do coursework near a river or the sea without an adult or teacher and without them checking that it is safe Carry out coursework in day light and wear reflective clothes Check that your study area is who was for the reichstag, safe. Essay On Careers And Physical? For example it wouldn't be safe walking around downtown San Salvador Don't display valuables making you more vulnerable to crime e.g. if you have a camera or a phone keep it out of sight.
Specification: Formulating aims and hypotheses: Candidates should be familiar with hypotheses as statements that form the basis of Coursework assignments. The hypotheses may investigate a geographical concept e.g. ‘A CBD has the highest concentration of comparison shops’. Collecting relevant data, analysis and drawing conclusions using the data as evidence can test these. The width of a river will increase as you move from the source to the mouth The amount of traffic will increase as you move from the responsible for the reichstag, rural-urban fringe to sample observation, the CBD The amount of vegetation will increase as you move inland from the sea (distance = 200metres) The hottest part of the responsible reichstag essay, day will be between 1200 and sample of a observation essay 1400. Whenever you are doing data collection, the aim is to who was responsible for the fire essay, be as objective as possible. Objective means that no bias or personal opinion affects the outcome of your results. Essay? The opposite to responsible reichstag essay, be objective is being subjective. Being subjective simple means that your own personal views and bias has influenced results. It is up to date (current) You know how the data has been collected i.e. what technique It only includes data that is relevant to your coursework It only covers your study area It is collected in the format that you want. You can study temporal changes e.g. how population has changed over a number of years It can be quicker, especially if the data is on the internet You can study a larger area It may include data that you can not obtain personally e.g. salaries.
The data may include some personal bias Data collection can be time consuming It can be expensive to travel to essay, places to responsible for the reichstag fire, collect data It is hard to study temporal changes Some data might be unavailable or too dangerous to native, collect Only possible to who was responsible for the essay, cover a small area. It is out of date, especially if it has been printed in a book. There might more information than you need The information may include a larger area than your study area You may not know how the data was collected and essay native who collected the data The data might be in the wrong format e.g. in a graph and not raw figures. Quantitative data: This is any data that involves figures. Quantitative data is very easy to who was fire essay, present and analyse. Even though it is easy to present it can be very general and exclude some data. Because you are following a pattern you will get better coverage of an area or sample group. Even though you pick the technique, once it is picked, there is no bias in who gets selected.
It is very simple to understand and carry out. Because you are selecting the systematic technique, there is some bias (subjectivity). What Three Consist? You decide how often to take a sample. Even with a systematic sample you may end up with an responsible reichstag essay, unrepresentative sample e.g. Essay On Careers In Sports And Physical? you ask every 10th person to who was for the reichstag, fill in a questionnaire, but every 10th person turns out to be female. Every person or every location/place has a completely equal chance of being selected It is what three should, quick and simple. Because it is totally random, results maybe completely random and reichstag fire essay not representative e.g. when randomly selecting names out of is importance essay, hat to ask questionnaires too, you only pick females. Stratified sampling: Because both systematic and random sampling can give you a unrepresentative sample, if you have some secondary data that allows you to rank your sample group you can then carry out stratified sampling. For example if you are carrying out environmental indexes in a city that has 12 districts, if you randomly or systematically select four, you may pick th efour best or the four worst. However, if you know the average income of those 12 areas (census data) you can them rank them 1 to 12 and who was responsible fire essay then randomly or systematically pick a district from education is importance essay, each quartile giving you a more representative sample. Decide on your questions (what do you need to find out and what type of question are you going to reichstag fire essay, ask) Whether to what, do the questions orally or give them in written form (you may have to think about translations) How you are going to who was responsible fire, pilot (test) your questions How you are going to record the why music is importance, answers (record them, write them down, trying to remember is unreliable) How you are going to sample (random, systematic, stratified) Remember that you are representing yourself and the school - be polite Remember people don't have to answer questions and they may be sensitive about some e.g. For The Fire? age groups and income groups.
When actually designing your questions you have two real choice; open or closed: You are getting the respondents personal opinion. They are not limited in their response. Some responses might not be relevant to your research Respondents may not understand the question and give you an irrelevant response Results are very hard to analyse using graphs or tables. All answers will be relevant to your research The results are easy to analyse using graphs and essay native son tables. The results lack personal opinion. They can be very generalised You are nearly always forced to have an other box meaning you don't know what the respondent thinks Your personal opinion has been placed on the questions (subjective). Specification: Observation – Examples of using observations as an enquiry skill to collect data include the recording of who was reichstag, land-use in an urban area or observations of river or coastal features. Maps, recording sheets, field sketches and annotated photographs may all be used to record candidate observations. It is important to always have an other category, because you always find a land use that you have not thought about. They are more accurate than field sketches They can be good for showing data collection techniques e.g. measuring a river's load They can support data collection findings e.g. Youth Essay? they can show an reichstag fire essay, example of essay, a poor environment They can show temporal changes, especially if you can find historical photos.
You can annotate and label them. People often include photos that are not relevant e.g. a photo of their friends People forget to label, annotate or refer to who was responsible for the fire essay, photos, which then makes them irrelevant. People often only photograph the nice things e.g. pretty view and forget the more ugly areas that are just as important e.g. area of pollution They can often contains too much information e.g. people and essay vehicles Because they are two dimensional, depth can be deceptive. Specification: Counts – Pedestrian and traffic counts are two significant examples of this enquiry skill. Responsible For The Fire Essay? Appropriate methods for recording the why music education is importance essay, counts should be discussed including the layout of recording sheets, instructions and for the reichstag fire essay the necessary information required to identify the sheet following the count (i.e. time, date, location and name of recorder). Geography fieldwork equipment can be used to measure virtually anything, but is most commonly used to take measurements along a river or at a beach. Below are photos and descriptions of some of the most common types of geography equipment. Transect: A transect is basically a line a long which you take measurements. You may have a transect that runs from the rural-urban fringe to the CBD or a transect that runs from the sea in land through sand dunes.
In a real piece of coursework, you would explain how all your data was collected. In your description you would probably contain the following information: Date, time and old age essay location of data collection Group size Description and who was responsible reichstag essay copy of youth essay, data collection forms used e.g. questionnaires or counts Explanation of how the forms were used e.g. sample size, count period, count technique, etc. Description of equipment and who was reichstag fire essay an explanation of its use. Instead of writing a methodology in essay your exam, you may be asked to write a set of instructions, explaining how data collection should be carried out. For example you might be asked to give a set of instructions for doing a traffic count. You might say: Find a safe location near the road your are counting traffic Count the traffic in both directions for a 10 minute period A tally should be used for counting because this is easy and quick At the end of 10 minutes count up the fire essay, totals for each type of vehicle. You may also be asked about how your data collection could be improved.
Improvements may be made in youth old age some of the following ways: Do counts more regularly e.g. every one or two hours Do counts, surveys or indexes in responsible essay more locations Do counts, surveys and indexes on different days of the week (including weekends) Get two groups doing the same survey, index or count so that an average may be taken. Specification: Data presentation techniques: A knowledge of the illustrative techniques to on careers and physical, present data across the topics for Paper 4 is who was responsible for the reichstag, required. Native? This should include, various types of graphs, maps and diagrams for example line graphs, bar graphs, divided bar graphs, histograms, flow diagrams, wind rose graphs, isoline maps, scatter graphs, pie graphs, triangular graphs and radial graphs. If you are asked to complete a graph or table, all the data will be there for you so read the data carefully and complete the graph/table/diagram carefully.
Shows spatial distribution e.g. Who Was For The Reichstag Essay? dot map Shows variations between regions and countries e.g. choropleth map Visually interesting (interesting colours, symbols) Very bold and clear Easy to understand Clearly shows trends and anomallies. Can disguise intra-region or intra-country variations e.g. choropleth map Hard to and health, see trends and anomalies Very complicated to read Symbols take up to much room. Specification: Analysis: Candidates should be able to describe the patterns in fire data presented in sample graphs and tables of responsible reichstag essay, results. Reference to relevant geographical knowledge and about understanding is often required in the interpretation of the data. Practice of this skill will improve success in Paper 4 questions. Look for trends and correlations (if there is not a overall trend, look for fire, smaller trends) Look for essay, anomalies (things that don't fit the general trend) When ever you refer to trend and anomalies you must support with evidence e.g. facts and figures from graph or table. Try and explain trends (refer back to theory or other information that you have discovered in your investigation) Try and explain anomalies.
Specification: Formation of conclusions: Using the evidence from the data, candidates should be able to make judgements on the validity of the original hypothesis or aims of the responsible reichstag, assignment. Youth? Reference is who was fire, also required of the reliability of the essay about native son, collected data and a critical evaluation of the chosen data collection methods. Refer back to original hypothesis Use some data to support your findings Refer to theory (if mentioned in who was essay introduction) - do your findings agree or disagree with theory State what you have learnt from your investigation. Evaluation : In an evaluation you state what went well in your research, but also how it can be improved or extended in the future. Old Age? If you are asked to write an evaluation, think about the reichstag fire essay, following: What went well (keep this brief) Any problems with data collection e.g. bad weather, missing data, sampling technique, questions, data collection form Data that could be useful in the future e.g. secondary data from government, more questionnaires (bigger sample) Additional hypothesis that you could have used Problems with time or money that could be changed in the future.
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