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19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. Recruiters spend an average of six seconds reviewing a resume before they make the initial decision on candidates, according to research conducted by general essays, TheLadders, an essay intro online job-matching service for professionals. That means you have to win them over fast. General. To get a better idea of what makes a resume great, we reached out to Amanda Augustine, career expert at case interview questions TheLadders. She created an telugu essays example of an excellent resume and allowed us to share it. While resumes should be tailored to the industry you're in, the one below offers a helpful guide for entry- and mid-level professionals with three to five years of relevant work experience.
What makes this resume so great? Augustine outlines the associates, following reasons: 1. It includes a URL to the jobseeker's professional online profile. If you don't include URLs to your professional online profiles, hiring managers will look you up regardless. Augustine tells Business Insider that 86% of recruiters admit to reviewing candidates' online profiles, so why not include your URL along with your contact information? This will prevent recruiters from having to guess or mistaking you for telugu general essays someone else. If you have a common name, consider including your middle initial on your resume and cali on resume online professional profiles to differentiate yourself from the competition, says Augustine. Essays. For example, decide if you're Mike Johnson, Michael Johnson, or Mike E. Johnson. Then use this name consistently, be it on LinkedIn, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook. 3. It includes a single phone number and email address. Choose one phone number for your resume where you control the voicemail message and who picks up the phone, she advises.
The same rule applies to an email address. 4. It does not include an objective statement. There's no point in including a generic objective about a professional looking for opportunities that will allow me to studies questions, leverage my skills, says Augustine. It's not helpful and distracting. Ditch it. 5. Instead, it includes an executive summary. Replace your fluffy statement with an essays executive summary, which should be like a 30-second elevator pitch where you explain who you are and what you're looking for . In approximately three to five sentences, explain what you're great at, most interested in, and how you can provide value to associates, a prospective employer, Augustine says. 6. It uses reverse chronological order. This is the most helpful for telugu general recruiters because they're able to see what you've been doing in recent years immediately, says Augustine. The only associates, time you shouldn't do this is if you're trying to transition to another career altogether, but then again, in telugu general essays this situation, you'll probably be relying more on networks, than your resume, she says.
7. It uses keywords like forecasting and teen driving strategic planning. Many companies use some kind of general screening process to identify the right candidates. Resume. You should include the keywords mentioned in the job posting throughout your resume. Identify the common keywords, terminology, and telugu key phrases that routinely pop up in the job descriptions of your target role and incorporate them into your resume (assuming you have those skills), advises Augustine. This will help you make it past the initial screenings and on to the recruiter or hiring manager. 8. Persuasive Essay Tips. It provides company descriptions. It's helpful for recruiters to know the size of the company you used to general, work for, advises Augustine. Being a director of a huge company means something very different than a director at a small company, she says. You can go to the company's About Us section and driving rewrite one or two lines of the description. This should be included right underneath the name of the company. While the company size is helpful information, including the company description will also let the hiring manager know what industries you've worked in.
For example, being an general accountant in tech may be very different than being an associates accountant in the hospitality industry. General. As with most things on doo movie thesis, a resume, the company description should be tailored based on the professional's goals. If you're looking to switch industries, your focus may be on the company size - assuming it's similar to your goals - and less on discussing the various products your company sells. 9. It does not list achievements in dense blocks of text. General. Recruiters receive so many resumes to scan through at a time, so make it as easy as possible for them to understand why you're perfect for the job. Dense blocks of text are too difficult to read, says Augustine. Case Interview. 10. Instead, achievements are listed in general essays two to five bullet points per job. Under each job or experience you've had, explain how you contributed to or supported your team's projects and initiatives. As you build up your experience, save the bullets for your bragging points, says Augustine.
Quantify your major accomplishments and contributions for each role, Augustine tells us. This can include the money you saved or brought in for your employer, deals closed, and projects delivered on scooby doo movie, time or under budget. Do not use any more than three to five bullet points. 12. Accomplishments are formatted as result-and-then-cause. A good rule is to use the essays, result BY action sentence structure whenever possible. Essay Tips. For example: Generated approximately $452,000 in annual savings by employing a new procedure which streamlined the business's vendor relationships. Telugu. 13. White space draws the reader's eyes to important points. Recruiters do not spend a lot of studies time scanning resumes, so avoid dense blocks of telugu general text.
The key is to driving essay, format the telugu general essays, information in a way that makes it easy to scan and recognize your job goals and relevant qualifications, Augustine tells us. Case Interview Questions. 14. It doesn't use crazy fonts or colors. Stick to black and white color, says Augustine. As for essays font, it's best to stick with the basics, such as Arial, Tahoma, or Calibri. Augustine says you should never write your resume in third person because everyone knows you're the resume, one writing it (unless you go through a professional resume writing service). General. Instead, you should write it in first person, and scooby doo movie thesis do not include pronouns.
It's weird [to include pronouns], and it's an extra word you don't need, she says. You need to streamline your resume because you have limited real estate. Avoid adding any embedded tables, pictures, or other images in your resume, as this can confuse the applicant-tracking software and jumble your resume in the system, says Augustine. 17. It doesn't use headers or footers.
It may look neat and concise to display your contact information in the header, but for t he same reason with embedded tables and charts, it often gets scrambled in an applicant tracking system, says Augustine. 18. Education is listed at the bottom. Unless you're a recent graduate, you should highlight your work experience and move your education information to the bottom of your resume, says Augustine. Essays. Never include anything about your high-school years.
19. It doesn't say references upon request. Case Studies Interview. Every recruiter knows you're going to provide references if they request it so there's no reason for you to include this line. Again, remember that space on your resume is crucial so don't waste it on a meaningless line, Augustine tells us.
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Marcus Tullius Cicero, Ethical Writings II (On Old Age) [-44] Marcus Tullius Cicero , Cicero De Senectute (On Old Age), translated with an Introduction and Notes by Andrew P. Peabody (Boston: Little, Brown, and Co., 1887). http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/543. Part of a collection of Cicero’s writings which includes On Old Age, On Friendship, Officius, and Scipio’s Dream. The text is in the public domain. This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc. Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit. Copyright, 1884, By Andrew P. General Essays? Peabody. University Press: John Wilson and Son, Cambridge. #xA7; 1. Introduction, and teen driving essay, dedication. 2. Old age a part of the order of nature.
3. Reasons why old age is complained of. 4. Telugu General Essays? The old age of Quintus Fabius Maximus. Dostoyevski? 5. Examples of men who continued their labors in philosophy and literature to a late old age. #x2014; The specific charges brought against old age. 6. It is alleged that old age incapacitates men from the management of telugu essays, affairs. The contrary shown to be true. 7. Memory and the mental faculties are not necessarily impaired by award age; but may be preserved in working order if kept in exercise. Proved by examples. 8. Old men need not be disagreeable to the young. General? Nor need they be unemployed and scooby doo movie, inert.
9. Failure of telugu general, bodily strength in old age not to be regretted. Persuasive Intro Tips? 10. There is no need of telugu essays, full bodily strength, if there be an increase of wisdom. 11. Failure of strength and of mental vigor may be averted by driving essay a proper regimen of body and mind. 12. It is complained that old age renders one less susceptible of sensual pleasure; but this is to be regarded as an advantage and general essays, a benefit. 13. Moderate and sober conviviality may be still enjoyed by those advanced in years. Cato#x2019;s own example. Edition: current; Page: [ iv ] #xA7; 14.
Examples of old men who have continued to find delight in essay learning, literary labor, or public service. 15. The pleasures of general, agriculture. 16. Examples of honored and essay, happy old age in rural life. Comforts belonging to life on a farm. 17. The horticulture of Cyrus the younger. 18. Honorable old age must be provided for by a virtuous youth. 19.
Death not to be feared. 20. Death easier and less repugnant to nature in old age than in youth. 21. Reasons for telugu general, believing the teen driving essay, soul to be immortal. General Essays? 22. Scooby? The last words of telugu essays, Cyrus the elder, as reported by Xenophon.
23 Immortality anticipated with longing. After the award, death of Julius Caesar, and before the conflict with Antony, Cicero spent two years in retirement, principally at general essays his Tusculan villa. It was the most fruitful season of his life, as regards philosophy. Persuasive Essay? To this period (B. C. 45 or 44) the authorship of the De Senectute is commonly assigned. In his De Divinatione, in enumerating his philosophical works, he speaks of this treatise on Old Age as #x201C;lately thrown in among them,#x201D;1 and Edition: current; Page: [ vi ] as meriting a place in the list.
In the De Amicitia, dedicated also to telugu general, Atticus, he says: #x201C;In the Cato Major, the book on Old Age inscribed to you, I introduced the aged Cato as leading in the discussion, because no person seemed better fitted to cali on resume, speak on the subject than one who both had been an old man so long, and in old age had still maintained his preeminence. . . . Telugu General? . In reading that book of doo movie, mine, I am sometimes so moved that it seems to general, me as if, not I, but Cato were talking. . . Award On Resume? . . I then wrote about old age, as an old man to an old man.#x201D;1 Again, Laelius, who is the chief speaker in the De Amicitia, is introduced as saying, #x201C;Old age is not burdensome, as I remember hearing Cato say in a conversation with me and Scipio, the year before he died.#x201D; Cicero repeatedly refers to this book in his Letters to Atticus. In the stress of apprehension about Antony#x2019;s plans and movements he writes: #x201C;I ought to telugu general, read very often the Cato Major which I sent to you; for old age is making me more bitter. Everything puts me out of temper.#x201D; At a later time he writes, #x201C;By saying that O Tite, si quid ego, 2 delights you more and more, you increase my readiness to write.#x201D; And again, #x201C;I rejoice that O Tite 2 is doing you good.#x201D; In his philosophical and ethical writings, Cicero lays no claim to originality; nor, indeed, did the Edition: current; Page: [ vii ] Romans of his age, or even of a much later time, regard themes of this kind as properly their own. Philosophy was an exotic which it was glory enough for them to prize and cultivate. This fame appertains pre-eminently to Cicero, equally for his comprehensive scholarship, for his keenness of critical discernment, and for his generous eclecticism. Essay? Were it not for general, his explicit statement, we might not learn from his writings to persuasive essay intro, what sect he accounted himself as belonging. Though he disclaimed the Stoic school, he evidently felt a strong gravitation toward it, and we could ask for no better expositor of its doctrines than we find in him. Indeed, I can discover no reason for his adherence to the New Academy, except the general essays, liberty which it left to its disciples to doubt its own dogmas, and to acknowledge a certain measure of scooby thesis, probability in telugu general essays the dogmas of other schools. In this treatise Cicero doubtless borrowed something from Aristo of Chios, a Stoic, to whose work on Old Age #x2014; no longer extant #x2014; he refers, and he quotes largely from Xenophon and Plato. At the same time, thick-sown tokens of driving essay, profound conviction and telugu general essays, deep feeling show that the work, if not shaped from his experience, was the persuasive essay intro tips, genuine utterance of his aspirations.
What had been his life was forever closed.1 He was weary and sad. His home was desolate, and could never again be otherwise. Edition: current; Page: [ viii ] His daughter #x2014; dearer to him than any other human being had ever been #x2014; had recently died, and he had still more recently repudiated her young step-mother for telugu general essays, lack of driving, sympathy with him in his sorrow. His only son was giving him great solicitude and telugu, grief by his waywardness and profligacy. On Resume? The republic to telugu, which he had consecrated his warm devotion and loyal service had ceased to be, and gave faint hope of renewed vitality.
The Senate-house, the popular assembly, and the courts were closed for him, and might never be reopened. Intro? He had courted publicity, and telugu general essays, had delighted in office, leadership, and influence; but there was now little likelihood that any party that might come into Dostoyevski power would replace him, where he felt that he had a right to be, among the guiding and controlling spirits of his time. Old age with him is just beginning, and it may last long. He is conscious of no failure in bodily or mental vigor, #x2014; in the capacity of work or of enjoyment. Yet in all that had contributed to his fame and his happiness, he has passed the culminating point; he is on the westward declivity of his life-way; decrease and decline are inevitable. But shall he succumb to the inevitable in sullen despondency, or shall he explore its resources for telugu general essays, a contented and enjoyable life, and scooby doo movie thesis, put them to the test of experience? He chooses the general, latter alternative, and resume, it is not as the mere rehearsal of what he has read in Greek books, but with the glow of fresh Edition: current; Page: [ ix ] discovery, and in the spirit of one who is mapping out the essays, ground of which he means to take possession, that he describes what old age has been, what it may still be, and what he yearns to make it for essay, himself.
He grows strong, cheerful, and hopeful as he writes, and in coming times of distress and essays, peril he unrolls this little volume for his own support and consolation. In imitation of the Platonic pattern, followed by him in several previous treatises, he adopts the form of dialogue; but after the interchange of a few sentences the dialogue becomes monologue, and Cato talks on without interruption to Dostoyevski, the end. Cato is chosen as the principal interlocutor, because he was the typical old man of general essays, Roman history, having probably retained his foremost place in the public eye, and teen essay, his oratorical power in the Senate and at the bar, to a later age than any other person on record. In his part in this dialogue there is a singular commingling of fact, truth, and myth. The actual details of his life are gracefully interwreathed with the discussion, and the incidental notices of his elders and coevals are precisely such as might have fallen from his lips had he been of telugu essays, a more genial temperament. There is dramatic truth, too, in Cato#x2019;s senile way of talking, with the garrulity, repetition, prolixity, and cali award on resume, occasional confusion of telugu general essays, names, to which old men are liable, and in which Cicero merges his own precision and accuracy in the character which for the time he assumes. But Edition: current; Page: [ x ] as regards the kindly, the aesthetic, and the spiritual traits that make this work so very charming, its Cato is case interview, a mythical creation, utterly unlike the coarse, hard, stern, crabbed ex-Censor, who was guiltless equally of taste and of sentiment. Cicero#x2019;s reasoning in telugu essays this treatise is based, in great part, on case interview questions, what old age may be, rather than on what it generally is; and yet I cannot but believe that, were its cautions heeded, its advice followed, and its spirit inbreathed, the number of those who find in the weight of many years no heavy burden would be largely multiplied. Yet there would remain not a few cases of hopeless inanity and helpless suffering. We are here told, and with truth, that it is general, often the follies and sins of early life that embitter the declining years; yet infirmity sometimes overtakes lives that have been blameless and exemplary, nor does the strictest hygienic regimen always arrest the failure of body and of mind. Undoubtedly the worst thing that an old man can do is to cease from award on resume labor and to cast off responsibility.
The powers suffered to repose lapse from inaction into inability; while they will in most cases continue to meet the drafts made upon them, if those drafts recur with wonted frequency and general, urgency. Yet there is always danger that, as in the case of the Archbishop in Gil Blas, the old man who insists on doo movie thesis, doing his full tale of general, work will be mistaken in thinking that undiminished quantity implies unimpaired quality. Edition: current; Page: [ xi ] But apart from the continued life-work, Cicero indicates resources of old age which are as genuine and as precious now as they were two thousand years ago. While the zest of highly seasoned convivial enjoyment, especially of such as abuts upon the disputed border-ground between sobriety and excess, is exhaled, there is fully as much to be enjoyed in society as in earlier years. Perhaps even more; for cali on resume, as friends grow few, those that remain are all the dearer, and in telugu essays the company of those in early or middle life, the old man finds himself an eager learner as to essay intro tips, the rapidly fleeting present, and imagines himself a not unwelcome teacher as to telugu essays, what deserves commemoration in the obsolescent and outgrown past. The tokens of deference and resume associates, honor uniformly rendered in telugu general society to old age that has not forfeited its title to resume associates, respect are a source of pleasure. General Essays? They are, indeed, in great part, conventional; but for this very reason they only mean and express the more, inasmuch as they betoken, not individual feeling, but the general sentiment of regard and reverence for those whose long life-record is unblotted. Rural pursuits and recreations, also, as Cicero says, are of incalculable worth to the aged. The love of persuasive essay tips, nature increases with added years. In the outward universe there is an telugu general essays infinity of award, beauty and of loveliness.
The Creator englobes his own attributes in all his works. What we get from telugu them is finite, solely because the taste and feeling that apprehend Edition: current; Page: [ xii ] them are finite. But our receptivity grows with the growth of character, and driving essay, our revenue of delight from general field and garden, orchard and forest, brook and stream, sunset clouds and star-gemmed skies, is in full proportion to our receptivity, and is never so rich and so gladdening as in resume associates the later years of life. Cicero evidently felt this. General? There is hardly anything in all his works so beautiful as the sections of associates, this treatise in which he describes the growth of the essays, corn and the vine, and the simple joys of a country home. Indeed, this is almost a unique passage. The literature of nature is, for the most part, of modern birth.
The classic writers give now and then, in a single phrase or sentence, a vivid word-picture of scenery or of driving essay, some phenomenon in the outward world; but they seldom dwell on such themes. Even pastoral poetry sings of the telugu essays, flocks and their keepers, rather than of associates, their material surroundings. But here we have proof that Cicero had grown into an appreciation of the wealth of beauty lying around his villa, far beyond what would have been possible for him when he sought its quiet as a refuge from the turmoil and conflicts of his more active days. Cicero is right, too, in regarding the presence of old men in the state as essential to its safety and well-being. True, their office is, for the most part, that of brakemen; but on a roadway never smooth, and essays, passing over frequent declivities, this duty often demands more strength and skill than are Edition: current; Page: [ xiii ] required to light the fires and run the engine. It is only by a conservatism both wise and firm that progress can be made continuous and reform permanent. Dostoyevski? Nor is there any imminent probability that old age will furnish a larger array of conservative force than the world needs. If in the advancement of physical and moral hygiene the time should come when the hoary head shall be in due season the normal crown of every man, and, according to the Hebrew hyperbole, #x201C;the child shall die an hundred years old,#x201D; society will have attained a summit-level at which there will be need neither of engineers nor of brakemen. Meanwhile, it is well for mankind that old men are so few.
Were they more numerous, and at the same time worthy to general, retain the confidence of their fellow-men, the young would lack the exercise and discipline of their powers which alone could fit them for an honorable and useful old age. Death oils all the wheels of life. It is teen essay, always throwing heavy responsibility on those who do not seek it, but accept it as a necessity, and gird themselves to bear it faithfully and nobly. As in a well-trained army the reserved forces rush in to fill the telugu essays, places of the fallen, so in the battle of life the ranks of the dying are recruited by those who are biding their time. Death is the ripener of manly force and scooby thesis, efficient virtue, which would droop under the dense shadow of thoroughly matured and still active service, but are stimulated into full vitality and working Edition: current; Page: [ xiv ] power as the spaces around them are made void. The very bereavements which are most dreaded and deplored as utterly irreparable, are the most certain to telugu general, be repaired, and often by those who before neither knew themselves nor were known to be capable of such momentous charge and duty.
Elijah wears his mantle till he goes to heaven, and there is intro, no other on earth like it; but when he ascends he drops the mantle, and telugu general, his spirit enters into the man who picks it up. Death is, indeed, looked upon as a calamity by many whose faith should have taught them better. The death which closes an undevout and worthless life may well be dreaded; yet even in such a case continued life is studies interview questions, perhaps to be still more dreaded. But in the order designed by Infinite Wisdom, and destined to essays, progressive and ultimate establishment, death bears a supremely beneficent part, and is an event only to intro, be welcomed in its appointed season by him who has brought his own life into conformity with the Divine order. But death can be regarded with complacency only telugu essays when it is looked upon, #x2014; as Cicero represents it, #x2014; as not an end, but a way, #x2014; as not a ceasing to live, but a beginning to live. The jubilant strains in which the assurance of award on resume, immortality is telugu general essays, here voiced are hardly surpassed in grandeur by St. Paul#x2019;s words of associates, triumph when the crown of martyrdom hung close within his reach. Yet there is a difference. Telugu General? Cicero#x2019;s faith transcended, and in great part created, his reasons for it, and it failed Edition: current; Page: [ xv ] him in the very crises in which he most needed it; St. Paul #x201C;knew in resume whom he had believed,#x201D; and his faith was sightlike when death seemed nearest. It is of no little worth to us that Socrates and Plato, Cicero and telugu essays, Plutarch, felt so intensely the pulse-beat of the undying life within.
Of inestimably greater evidential value is it, that he whose peerless beauty of holiness made his humanity divine ever spoke of the eternal life as the award on resume, one reality of human being. But there are for us emergencies of sore need and of heavy trial, times when we go down to the margin of the death-river with those dear to us as our own souls, critical moments when we ourselves are passing under the shadow of general, death; and at such seasons we can rest on case interview, no reasoning, we can be satisfied with no unbuttressed testimony; but our faith can repose in undoubting security on telugu general, the broken sepulchre, on the risen Saviour, on driving, those words spoken for general, all time, #x201C;Because I live, ye shall live also.#x201D; Edition: current; Page: [ xvi ] Titus Pomponius, as he was originally named, on associates, his adoption by telugu general his uncle prefixed that uncle#x2019;s name, Quintus Caecilius, to his own, and subsequently, in consequence of his long residence in Athens, assumed, or received and accepted, the surname of Atticus, by which he is known in history. He was born in Rome, 109 B. Doo Movie? C., and was Cicero#x2019;s senior by three years. He belonged to telugu general, an old Equestrian family, not eminent, but of high respectability. His father was a man of culture and of literary tastes, and gave his son a liberal education. Driving? The civil war between the factions of Marius and Sulla broke out in the son#x2019;s early manhood, and he hardly escaped being a victim of general essays, Sulla#x2019;s proscription. He determined to insure safety by voluntary exile, and, his father being dead, he betook himself with the movable portion of his ample patrimony to Athens, where he lived for twenty years. He called himself an Epicurean, and, though not deeply versed in philosophy, he probably realized more nearly than any man whose history we know the ethical ideal of Epicurus himself.
Supremely, but judiciously selfish; covetous of pleasure, yet with an intro aesthetic sense which found pleasure only in telugu general things decent, tasteful, and becoming; a persistent Edition: current; Page: [ xvii ] and loyal friend, so far as friendship demanded neither conflict nor sacrifice; sedulously avoiding pain, annoyance, and trouble; plucking roses all along his lifeway so carefully as never to incur a thorn-prick, #x2014; he must have derived as large a revenue of enjoyment from his seventy-seven years in this world as ever accrued to any man whose aims were all self-centred and self-terminated. He was fond of money, frugal while elegant in his mode of living, with no vices so far as we know, certainly with no costly vices. He was married only late in resume associates life, and telugu general essays, had but one child to Dostoyevski, provide for. Telugu General? His uncle #x2014; a usurer of Dostoyevski, ignoble reputation #x2014; left him an essays estate five times as large as that received from his father. This he increased by the remunerative purchase of Dostoyevski, extensive tracts of land in Epeirus and elsewhere, by loans to telugu general essays, individuals, corporations, and cities, by Dostoyevski traffic in general essays slaves and gladiators, and, as a publisher, by multiplying, for cali award on resume, high prices, through the telugu essays, numerous copyists whom he owned, transcripts of Cicero#x2019;s works and of other writings of friends who sought to reach the public by his agency. At the same time, he made a judicious investment of teen essay, charities far within his income, in loans without interest and public benefactions to telugu, the city of questions, Athens, in loans and gifts to those within the circle of his intimacy, and in gratuities to persons straitened or suffering through stress of telugu general, political convulsions and scooby, perils. He belonged, by sympathy and in his private Edition: current; Page: [ xviii ] correspondence, to the Marian, and then to the Pompeian party, and had a strong antipathy to general, the course and policy of Julius Caesar, his race and studies interview questions, kind; but he publicly identified himself with no party, refrained from political activity of every sort, and telugu general, refused contributions in aid even of movements that had his full approval and his best wishes. On Resume? He was always ready to relieve the essays, distressed members of cali award, both and telugu essays, of all parties. He held friendly relations equally with Julius Caesar and scooby doo movie, Pompey, Cassius and telugu essays, Antony, Brutus and Caesar Augustus. He had the most winning and attractive manners, a voice of rare sweetness and melody, and essay tips, conversational powers unsurpassed, if equalled, by any man of his time.
He was hospitable, yet without extravagance or ostentation, and his entertainments, first in telugu Athens, and resume, then in Rome, were remarkable as reunions of all that there was of learning, genius, wit, and grace. He loved to telugu general essays, maintain peaceful and harmonious relations among his wonted guests, and was persevering in his endeavors to reconcile differences, soothe jealousies, and prevent rivals from becoming enemies. It was wholly due to their common friend and host that Cicero and Hortensius, as alike candidates for the palm of eloquence, preserved at least the show of friendship. Atticus was also a man of large and Dostoyevski, varied learning, was equally versed in Greek and in Roman literature, and used either tongue in speech and in telugu essays writing as if he had never known any other. Case Studies Interview? Edition: current; Page: [ xix ] He was a thorough grammarian and a careful critic. His friends were in the habit of sending their works to him for telugu general, a last revision, and it is by no means improbable that some of the delicate touches of Cicero#x2019;s rhetoric may be due to his consummate taste and skill. He was himself an author, and wrote among other things an epitome of studies questions, Roman history from the general, earliest time to his own. He was a ready and fluent letter-writer. Case Studies? But none of general, his writings are extant, except such few scraps of his epistles as are preserved in Cicero#x2019;s answers to Dostoyevski, them. The friendship between Cicero and Atticus began in their early boyhood. Telugu Essays? When Cicero first went to Athens #x2014; shortly after his defence of Roscius, and not improbably to escape the questions, vengeance of Sulla #x2014; he found Atticus already established there, and for six months they, with Cicero#x2019;s brother Quintus, who married the telugu, sister of Atticus, were constantly associated in study and in recreation.
From that time Atticus was Cicero#x2019;s closest and dearest friend, entering with the most vivid interest into all his plans and pursuits, lending him money, advising him in business, taking care of his property during his absences, and rendering counsel and case interview, aid in connection with the successive divorces of Terentia and telugu general, Publilia. The correspondence between them now extant commenced only teen driving three years before Atticus returned to Rome, though it is hardly possible that they should not have exchanged letters previously. Edition: current; Page: [ xx ] On Cicero#x2019;s side the epistles are of the most familiar character, giving us a minute narrative of incident, occupation, thought, and sentiment, day by day, and furnishing more ample and more authentic materials for his biography than are derived from essays all other sources. Essay? They include equally such references to the details of the life of Atticus, and to all his peculiarities of habit, opinion, and general essays, taste, that we feel hardly less intimately acquainted with him than with his illustrious correspondent. He became to resume, Cicero as another self, an admirer of general essays, his genius, a participant in all his ambitions, and in Dostoyevski many matters of practical life by far the wiser of the two. Telugu? That he knew the worth, prized the privilege, and undoubtedly anticipated the enduring fame of such a friendship, is the best title that remains on record to the place which he would have claimed in the list of studies questions, genuine philosophers.
Marcus Porcius Cato Censorius was born at Tusculum in telugu general Latium, probably B. C. 234, and died at the age of at least eighty-five years. Livy and Plutarch both say that he passed his ninetieth year. He was of plebeian birth, and the founder of his own illustrious family. Thesis? Porcius was the family name, and telugu, Cato was a name either given to him in childhood with foresight of his shrewdness and cali on resume, practical wisdom, or else bestowed on him and accepted by general him after his peculiar traits of character were well known and distinctly recognized. It denotes wisdom of an Dostoyevski entirely terrestrial, and even feline type, and telugu general, is on the whole more appropriate to teen driving essay, him than the telugu general, surname Sapiens, which attached itself to him in his later years. He had great virtues, but defects as great. In not one of the resume, beatitudes in telugu general essays the Sermon on Dostoyevski, the Mount could he have claimed a part, nor would he have deigned to claim it, unless, in the almost numberless suits at law in which he was his own advocate, he might have regarded himself as #x201C;persecuted for righteousness#x2019; sake.#x201D; He was rigidly truthful, sternly and telugu general essays, ferociously upright, intensely courageous, and persuasive essay, devotedly patriotic, #x2014; kind, too, to his wives and children. But he was mean and miserly, an exacting and tyrannical master, an Edition: current; Page: [ xxii ] implacable enemy, and general essays, his lower appetites were not governed by principle, but kept in driving check only so far as prudence required. Telugu General Essays? He probably seemed a better man in Cicero#x2019;s time than in his own, and this for two reasons; namely, that his peculiar virtues had almost died out driving, of the Roman commonwealth, and that, when a man transmits to posterity any valid title to telugu, fame, time enhances his merits and extenuates his faults, so that the generation which #x201C;builds the sepulchres of the doo movie thesis, prophets#x201D; always idealizes the busts that surmount them. As regards versatility of endowment, number and general, diversity of official trusts, ability and faithfulness as a servant of the public, and influence #x2014; unspent by cali on resume death #x2014; over the Senate and the people, Cato had no equal in the history of Rome. The impress of his life and character on the ages that looked back on his career from the interval of centuries, may best be seen from general essays Livy#x2019;s panegyric, of which we give a literal translation.
After enumerating the long list of competitors for the office of Censor, he says: #x2014; #x201C;Marcus Porcius [Cato] stood in the canvass far before all the Dostoyevski, patricians and essays, plebeians of the most noble families. In this man there was so great force of mind and genius, that, whatever might have been his position by birth, he seemed destined to be the artificer of his own fortune. He lacked no skill in the management of resume, either private or public interests. Telugu General? He was equally versed in the affairs of the city and of the country. Edition: current; Page: [ xxiii ] Some have attained the highest honors by virtue of legal science, some by eloquence, some by military fame; he had a genius so capable of excelling in all, that whatever he had in hand you would say that he was expressly born for it. In war he was the bravest of soldiers, renowned in many signal conflicts; after he rose to high honors, a consummate general; in persuasive essay intro peace, if you asked legal advice, the general essays, wisest of counsellors; if you had a cause to case, be argued, the most eloquent of telugu general, advocates. Resume? Nor was he one whose fame as an orator, flourishing while he lived, left no memorial of itself behind him. Telugu? His eloquence still lives, consecrated by writings of every description. There are extant many of his speeches for doo movie thesis, himself, and for others, and against others; for he harassed his opponents equally by accusing them and by pleading his own cause. An excessive number of telugu essays, enmities were cherished against him, and cherished by him; nor was it easy to say whether the nobles were the associates, more earnest to put him down, or he to annoy them.
He was, undoubtedly, of a harsh temper, and of a bitter and an inordinately free tongue, but of a soul unconquered by essays sensual appetites, of rigid integrity, a despiser of persuasive essay intro tips, adulation and of bribes. In frugal living, in endurance of general, labor and of danger, he was of an iron constitution of body and mind; nor could old age, which enfeebles all things, break him. Questions? In his eighty-sixth year he had a case in court, pleaded his own cause, and continued to write, and in his ninetieth year he brought Servius Galba to trial before the people.#x201D; Cato inherited a small farm in the Sabine territory, where he spent his boyhood and such portions Edition: current; Page: [ xxiv ] of his subsequent life as were free from public service. Telugu? Here he lived with the utmost simplicity, worked on his farm, and associated on familiar terms with his rustic neighbors. At the studies interview questions, age of seventeen he made his first campaign as a soldier, and three years later reached the dignity of essays, a military Tribune under Fabius Maximus, whose friendship he enjoyed. B. C. 205, he went to scooby doo movie, Sicily as military Quaestor under the elder Africanus. In due time he became Aedile, and the next year Praetor, having Sardinia for his province, with a considerable military command. In this office he renounced the wonted pomp of his predecessors, walked on his circuits, cut down to the lowest point all public expenses, waged war against usury, and visited usurers with condign punishment.
Chosen Consul B. Telugu? C. 195, he sustained during his term of office the only signal defeat in his whole career. Twenty years previously, in the stress of the Punic war, a severe sumptuary law had been passed, limiting the on resume, amount of gold which women might possess, forbidding them to wear many-colored garments, and prohibiting their use of carriages for short distances in the city. The women absolutely mobbed the Senators, imploring the repeal of restrictions no longer needed. Cato opposed them to telugu general essays, the last; but they by importunity won the day, and resume associates, celebrated their victory by a procession, in which they made ample show of the late-proscribed finery. As soon as this domestic war was over, Cato set sail for Edition: current; Page: [ xxv ] his allotted province, Hither Spain ( Hispania Citerior ). Here there were rebel and recalcitrant tribes to be reduced to submission, and Cato in the conduct of telugu general, this campaign displayed at once the highest military ability and the most wanton and savage cruelty. He was rewarded with a triumph; but returned to encounter the enmity of the studies interview questions, elder Scipio Africanus, toward whom he had previously stood in telugu essays unfriendly relations. On Resume? He successfully defended himself against the charges urged against telugu, him, which seem to studies interview questions, have related, in part at least, to the pecuniary administration of his province, in which Cato was able, by producing his accounts, to essays, show himself, as in doo movie these matters he always was, not only above suspicion, but minutely exact, and as parsimonious in public office as he was in his own private affairs. He subsequently served under Glabrio, probably as Legatus, or lieutenant-general, in the war with Antiochus the Great, and the battle of Thermopylae, which crippled Antiochus, was brought to a successful issue confessedly by the prowess, energy, and strategic skill of Cato. B. General? C. 184, Cato was chosen Censor, and applied himself at once with characteristic vigor and acrimony to driving essay, the duties of telugu general essays, his office.
He made the cali on resume, most stringent provisions against general essays, luxury. He put the aqueducts, sewers, and other public works in order, and arrested all the on resume, modes in which public property had been perverted to private uses, such as the drawing off of water from the reservoirs for Edition: current; Page: [ xxvi ] the general essays, special supply of houses and gardens. He brought farmers of the revenue and contractors of every class to strict account, and resume associates, regulated all contracts by his own perhaps too low estimate of the actual worth of the essays, work done or the resume, service rendered. Telugu Essays? He degraded from the Senate and from their Equestrian privileges a very considerable number of men of previously high standing, most of them for grave and resume, sufficient reasons, #x2014; some, it must be confessed, on very frivolous pretexts. Telugu General? He laid up by driving his censorial career a stock of enmities which lasted him for the rest of his life, during which he held no public office, but appeared constantly in the courts, in the Senate, and before the people, retaining to the last his clearness and vigor of telugu, intellect, and much of his oratorical power. He was during his lifetime prosecuted before the resume, tribunals forty-four times, and failed of essays, successful defence but once. He was still oftener a public accuser, and case studies interview, generally procured the conviction of the general, defendant. Scooby? In the case of Servius Galba, recorded by Livy as his last, he lost the cause, though a righteous one, by the wonted resource of an appeal by weeping children to the pity of the judges. Cato, though not a profligate or a sot, was not consistently pure nor uniformly temperate. He dealt with his slaves as with cattle, treating them as merchantable chattels, punishing them with wanton severity, and sometimes condemning them to death for trivial offences. His whole life must Edition: current; Page: [ xxvii ] have been coarse, in many aspects even brutal, and the aesthetic faculty seems to have been entirely wanting in him.
Yet his literary culture must have been of telugu, a high order. He learned Greek in his old age, after despising the thesis, language and its writers during the whole of his earlier life. He was a friend and patron of the poet Ennius, and brought him to Rome, though manifestly without any generous provision for his subsistence; for Ennius led in Rome as poor and straitened a life as he could have left in Sardinia, where Cato found him. Of Cato#x2019;s orations, letters, and great historical work, we have only essays fragments extant. Dostoyevski? His De Re Rustica exists, probably unchanged in substance, though modernized in form. It is telugu general, not so much a treatise as a miscellaneous compend of materials relating to agriculture and rural affairs, and it undoubtedly presents the most genuine picture that has been preserved to case interview, our time of general essays, rustic life in Italy two thousand years ago. Caius Laelius Sapiens, of a distinguished patrician family, was born in Rome, B. C. Associates? 186. His surname was given to him for his prudence in retracting certain agrarian measures in which he would have shared with the telugu, Gracchi the intensest enmity of the whole patrician body. He was vacillating in tips his political opinions and general, proclivities, feeling strong sympathy with the popular cause, yet unwilling to forfeit the teen essay, friendship and esteem of his own native caste. Though he was not a great man, he filled reputably several high public trusts, both civil and military, and was regarded as the most learned and acute of jurists in augural law, which was largely made up of essays, authority and cali award, precedent, and telugu essays, abounded in persuasive intro intricacies and subtilties, while yet it constantly had grave complications with the most important affairs of state. He was a man of large and general, varied erudition, was well versed in scooby doo movie philosophy, and as a pupil of Diogenes of Babylon, and then of Panaetius, was among the earliest Roman disciples of the Stoic school.
His social qualities won for him many and warm friends. He had an even temper, genial manners, fine conversational powers, ready wit and affluent humor. In the De Senectute he is fitly associated Edition: current; Page: [ xxix ] with the general essays, younger Scipio Africanus, with whom he lived in the closest intimacy, as his father had with the elder Africanus. Thoroughly amiable in his domestic relations, he seems to have almost anticipated the home life of modern Christendom, and we have accounts of games not unlike our blindman#x2019;s-buff, in which he and Scipio dropped all dignity and became boys again. Many of his facetious sayings lingered long in the popular memory, and some still survive. Resume? The best of them is his reply to general, an impertinent man, who reproached him with not being worthy of his ancestors, #x2014; #x201C;But you are worthy of yours.#x201D; Of his writings #x2014; chiefly orations #x2014; nothing remains except a few titles. He was regarded as singularly smooth and elegant in his style; but the Latin tongue was by no means in his day the persuasive intro, subtle and telugu general, flexible organ of thought which Cicero both found and made it, and some of the later grammarians resorted to Laelius for specimens of doo movie, archaic words and idioms. Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Minor was a son of Lucius Aemilius Paullus, and essays, was adopted by his cousin, Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, the son of the elder Africanus. Resume? He was born in general essays the same year with Laelius.
He has his place in history as the most able and successful military commander of his age. He first gained celebrity in Spain as military Tribune under Lucius Lucullus, whom he eclipsed in fame, equally as to courage, integrity, and humanity. Persuasive Intro Tips? At the beginning of the third Punic war he still served as Tribune; but by his valor and skill he so won the suffrages of the army and the confidence of the people, that he was made Consul before the general, legal age, and was thus placed in supreme command. The war, under his energetic conduct, issued in the capture and destruction of resume associates, Carthage. He was subsequently chosen Consul a second time, with a view to his service as commander in Spain, where the war had been prolonged for many years, and with repeated disasters for the Roman army. General? Scipio laid siege to Numantia, and, after the most obstinate resistance on resume associates, the part of the Spaniards, took the city, levelled it with the ground, reserved fifty of its inhabitants to grace his triumph, and sold the rest of them as slaves. Edition: current; Page: [ xxxi ] He was Censor for a year in the interval between his two consulships, and in that office he chose Cato for his model, employed the utmost severity in telugu the repression of extravagance, luxury, and licentiousness, and made some strong and bitter enemies. He was always and consistently an aristocrat, and an opposer of all agrarian measures, and of the studies, self-constituted leaders of the popular or plebeian party; and as his death occurred suddenly and mysteriously, it was supposed that he had been murdered by some one of his political antagonists, probably by Papirius Carbo, who had been unsparing in denunciations and telugu general, invectives against him as the enemy of the Roman people.
Scipio was one of the persuasive, most learned and accomplished men of his age, a friend of Polybius and Panaetius, a patron of the poets Lucilius and Terence, and, it was said, #x2014; probably on telugu general essays, no sufficient evidence, #x2014; a collaborator with Terence, or at least a reviser of some of his comedies. Edition: current; Page: [ xxxii ] In my translation I have uniformly followed the text of Otto. Associates? Few of the various readings are of any importance; and where there is a difference worthy of notice, I find that, so far as I can remember without an telugu essays exception, Lahmeyer and Sommerbrodt, whose editions I have constantly consulted, coincide with Otto. I. #x201C; Titus, if I can lift or ease the on resume, care That ceaseless burns and telugu general essays, rankles in your breast, What guerdon shall be mine?#x201D; For I may be permitted to driving essay, address you, Atticus, in telugu the very verses in which Flamininus1 is addressed by. #x201C;That man so rich in probity, not gold,#x201D;2. although I feel assured that it is by no means true, as of Flamininus, that. #x201C;You, Titus, pass but anxious nights and days#x201D;; for I know the moderation and evenness of your temperament, and am aware that you brought away from Athens, not only your surname, but also liberal culture and Dostoyevski, practical wisdom. Yet I am inclined to general, think that you are sometimes seriously disturbed by the same things1 that weigh heavily on my mind, under which such comfort as may be had is a matter of graver moment, and case questions, must be deferred to some other time.
But my present purpose is to write to you something about Old Age. For I desire that you and I may be lightened of this burden, which we have in common, of old age already pressing upon us or drawing close at hand,2 though I am certain that you indeed bear and will bear it, as all things else, serenely and general, wisely. But when it came into my mind to write something about old age, you occurred to associates, me as worthy to receive in this essay an offering of which you and I may in common enjoy the general, benefit. Indeed, the composition of this book has been so pleasant to me, that it has not only brushed away all the vexations of old age, but has made it even easy and agreeable. In truth, sufficiently worthy praise can Edition: current; Page: [ 3 ] never be given to persuasive intro tips, philosophy, whose votaries can pass every period of general essays, life without annoyance. But on other philosophical subjects I have said much, and hope to revert to them often; this book, on resume associates, Old Age, I send specially to you. I put what I have to essays, say, not, like Aristo of Chios,1 into the mouth of Tithonus2 (for a fictitious character cannot speak with authority), but into that of the aged Cato, that the discourse may gain authority from his name. With him I introduce Laelius and Scipio, admiring the ease with which he bears old age, and on resume, I give his answers to them. If I make him talk more learnedly than he was wont to do in telugu his books, you may ascribe it to the Greek literature and philosophy, of which, as is well known, he was very studious in his latter years. But what need is there of a longer preface? For, as it were in Cato#x2019;s own words, you shall forthwith hear all that I think and feel about old age.
Edition: current; Page: [ 4 ] II. Teen Essay? Scipio. I often express, Marcus Cato, in conversation with Caius Laelius, now present, my admiration of telugu, your surpassing and consummate wisdom, in other matters indeed, but especially because I have never perceived that old age was grievous to you, though to old men in general it is so hateful that they account themselves as bearing a burden heavier than Aetna.1. Cato. You seem, Scipio and Laelius, to admire what has been to me by no means difficult. For those who have in themselves no resources for a good and resume associates, happy life, every period of life is burdensome; but to essays, those who seek all goods from within, nothing which comes in the course of nature can seem evil. Dostoyevski? Under this head a place especially belongs to old age, which all desire to attain, yet find fault with it when they have reached it.
Such is the telugu, inconsistency and associates, perverseness of essays, human folly. They say that age creeps upon them faster than they had thought possible. In the first place, who forced them to Dostoyevski, make this false estimate? In the next place, how could old age be less burdensome to them if it came on their eight-hundredth year than it is in their eightieth? For the time past, however long, when it had elapsed, could furnish no comfort to soothe a foolish old age.
If, then, you are wont to admire my wisdom, #x2014; would that it Edition: current; Page: [ 5 ] were worthy of general essays, your appreciation and of my own surname,1 #x2014; I am wise in this respect, that I follow and obey Nature, the surest guide, as if she were a god, and it is utterly improbable that she has well arranged the cali award, other parts of life, and yet, like an telugu essays unskilled poet, slighted the last act of the drama. There must, however, of necessity, be some end, and, as in the case of berries on the trees and the fruits of the earth, there must be that which in its season of full ripeness is, so to Dostoyevski, speak, ready to wither and fall, #x2014; which a wise man ought to bear patiently. For to rebel against Nature is but to repeat the war of the Giants with the Gods. Laelius. Indeed, Cato, you will have rendered us a most welcome service #x2014; I will answer for Scipio #x2014; if, since we hope, indeed wish, at all events, to become old, we can learn of you, far in advance, in what ways we can most easily bear the encroachment of age. Cato. Telugu General Essays? I will render this service, Laelius, if, as you say, it will be agreeable to both of you. Laelius. Driving Essay? We do indeed desire, Cato, unless it will give you too much trouble, since you have Edition: current; Page: [ 6 ] taken a long journey which we must begin, that you will show us the goal which you have reached. III.
Cato. I will do so, Laelius, to the best of my ability. I have, indeed, often been a listener to complaints of men of telugu general essays, my own age, #x2014; for, as the old proverb says, #x201C;Like best mates with like,#x201D;1 #x2014; such complaints, for instance, as those which Caius Salinator and Spurius Albinus, men of consular dignity, nearly my coevals, used to award on resume, make, because they were deprived of the general essays, sensual gratifications without which life appeared to case interview, them a blank, and because they were neglected by essays those by whom they were wont to be held in reverence. They seemed to me to lay the blame where it did not belong. For if old age had been at fault, I and all other persons of advanced years would have the same experience; while I have known many old men who have made no complaint, who did not regret their release from the slavery of teen, sensual appetite, and were not despised by their fellow-citizens. But all complaints of this kind are chargeable to telugu, character, not to age. Old men who are moderate in their desires, and are neither testy nor morose, find old age endurable; but rudeness and incivility are offensive at any age. Laelius.
You are right, Cato; yet some one may perhaps say that old age seems to you less Edition: current; Page: [ 7 ] burdensome on case questions, account of your wealth, your large resources, your high rank, but that these advantages fall to the lot of very few. Cato. Essays? There is, indeed, Laelius, something in this; but it by no means gives the full explanation. It is somewhat as in the case of persuasive essay, Themistocles in an altercation with a certain native of Seriphos,1 who told him that he owed his illustrious fame, not to telugu general essays, his own greatness, but to that of his country; and Themistocles is said to have answered, #x201C;If I had been born in Seriphos, I should not have been renowned, nor, by Hercules, would you have been eminent had you been an Athenian.#x201D; Very much the same may be said about old age, which cannot be easy in extreme poverty, even to a wise man, nor can it be otherwise than burdensome to one destitute of wisdom, even with abundant resources of every kind. The best-fitting defensive armor of old age, Scipio and Laelius, consists in the knowledge and practice of the virtues, which, assiduously cultivated, after the varied experiences of resume, a long life, are wonderfully fruitful, not only general because they never take flight, not even at the last moment, #x2014; Edition: current; Page: [ 8 ] although this is a consideration of prime importance, #x2014; but because the consciousness of a well-spent life and a memory rich in good deeds afford supreme happiness. IV. In my youth I loved Quintus Maximus,1 the one who recovered possession of Dostoyevski, Tarentum, then an elderly man, as if he had been of my own age; for in him gravity was seasoned by an affable deportment, nor had time made his manners less agreeable. When I first became intimate with him, he was not, indeed, so very old, though advanced in years. I was born the year after his first consulate.2 In my early youth I served as a soldier under him at Capua, and five years afterward at Tarentum.
Four years later I was made Quaestor, and held that office in the consulship of Tuditanus and Cethegus, at essays the time when he, then quite old, urged the passage of the Cincian law concerning gifts and fees.3 He in his age showed in military command all the vigor of youth, and by his perseverance put a check to Hannibal#x2019;s youthful Edition: current; Page: [ 9 ] enthusiasm. My friend Ennius well said of him, #x2014; #x201C;One man by slow delays restored our fortunes, Preferring not the people#x2019;s praise to safety, And thus his after-glory shines the more.#x201D; How much vigilance, how much wisdom, did he show in the retaking of Tarentum! In my hearing, indeed, when Salinator, who, after the town was taken, had retreated to award on resume, the citadel, boastfully said, #x201C;You recovered Tarentum, Quintus Fabius, by my aid,#x201D; he replied, laughing, #x201C;Very true, for, if you had not lost it, I should never have recovered it.#x201D;1 Nor had he more eminence as a soldier than he won as a civilian, when, in his second consulate, unsupported by his colleague, Carvilius, he resisted to the utmost of his ability Caius Flaminius, tribune of the people, in his division in general equal portions, to the plebeians, of scooby thesis, conquered territory in Picenum and essays, Gaul; and when, holding the office of augur, he dared to intro, say that whatever was done for the well-being of the republic was done under the most favorable auspices, but that whatever measures were passed to the injury of the republic were passed under Edition: current; Page: [ 10 ] adverse auspices. In him I knew many things worthy of renown, but nothing more admirable than the telugu essays, way in doo movie thesis which he bore the telugu general essays, death of his son, an illustrious man and of consular dignity. We have in our hands his eulogy on his son, and in reading it we feel that he surpassed in this vein even trained philosophers.
Nor was he great only in Dostoyevski public and in telugu general essays the eyes of the community; but he was even more excellent in private and domestic life. Cali Award? How rich in telugu general conversation! How wise in precept! How ample his knowledge of early times! How thorough his legal science in everything appertaining to his office as an augur!1 He had, too, for a Roman, a large amount of literary culture. He retained in his memory, also, all the details of case studies questions, our wars, whether in Italy or in regions more remote.
I indeed availed myself as eagerly of my opportunities of conversing with him as if I had already divined, what proved to be true, that, when he should pass away, no man of telugu general essays, equal intelligence and information would be left. V. To what purpose have I said so much about Maximus? That you may be assured by his example Edition: current; Page: [ 11 ] that one has no right to pronounce an scooby doo movie thesis old age like his wretched. Yet it is not every one that can be a Scipio or a Maximus, so that he can recall the memory of cities taken, of general essays, battles by land and sea, of wars conducted, of triumphs won. There is, however, a calm and serene old age, which belongs to a life passed peacefully, purely, and gracefully, such as we learn was the old age of Plato, who died while writing in teen his eighty-first year; or that of Isocrates, who says that he wrote the telugu general, book entitled Panathenaicus 1 in his ninety-fourth year, and who lived five years afterwards, and studies, whose preceptor, Leontinus Gorgias, filled out one hundred and seven years without suspending his study and telugu general, his labor. When he was asked why he was willing to live so long, he replied, #x201C;I have no fault to find with old age,#x201D; #x2014; a noble answer, worthy of a learned man. Unwise men, indeed, charge their vices and their faults upon resume old age.
So did not Ennius, of telugu general, whom I have just spoken, who writes, #x201C;As the brave steed, oft on th#x2019; Olympian course Foremost, now worn with years, seeks quiet rest,#x201D; comparing his own age to that of the brave horse that had been wont to on resume, win the race. You can distinctly remember him. The present Consuls, Titus Flamininus and Manius Acilius, were chosen nineteen years after his death, which took place in the Edition: current; Page: [ 12 ] consulship of Caepio and the second consulship of Philippus, when I, being sixty-five years old, with a strong voice and essays, sound lungs, spoke in favor of the case interview, Voconian law.1 At the age of seventy years #x2014; for so many did Ennius live #x2014; he bore the two burdens which are esteemed the heaviest, poverty and old age, in such a way that he almost seemed to take delight in them. To enter into telugu general particulars, I find on reflection four reasons why old age seems wretched; #x2014; one, that it calls us away from the management of affairs; another, that it impairs bodily vigor; the resume, third, that it deprives us to a great degree of sensual gratifications; the fourth, that it brings one to telugu, the verge of death. Let us see, if you please, how much force and justice there is in each of these reasons. VI. Studies Interview Questions? Old age cuts one off from the management of affairs. Of what affairs? Of those which are managed in youth and by strength of body? But are there not affairs properly belonging to the later years of life, which may be administered by the mind, even though the body be infirm? Did Quintus Maximus then do nothing?
Did Lucius Paullus, Edition: current; Page: [ 13 ] your father, Scipio, the father-in-law of that excellent man, my son, do nothing? Did other old men that I might name #x2014; the Fabricii, the telugu general, Curii, the Coruncanii #x2014; do nothing, when they defended the questions, republic by their counsel and influence? Blindness came upon Appius Claudius1 in his old age; yet he, when the sentiment of the Senate leaned toward the general essays, conclusion of peace and a treaty with Pyrrhus, did not hesitate to say to them what Ennius has fully expressed in case verse, #x2014; #x201C;Wont to general, stand firm, upon what devious way Demented rush ye now?#x201D; and more, most forcibly, to the same purpose. You know the poem, and cali on resume, the speech that Appius actually made is still extant. General Essays? This took place seventeen years after his second consulship, ten years having Edition: current; Page: [ 14 ] intervened between his two consulates, his censorship having preceded the teen, first, #x2014; so that you may infer that he was far advanced in age at the time of the war with Pyrrhus, and such is the tradition that has come to us from telugu our fathers. Those, therefore, who deny that old age has any place in the management of affairs, are as unreasonable as those would be who should say that the persuasive intro, pilot takes no part in sailing a ship because others climb the masts, others go to and fro in the gangways, others bail the hold, while he sits still in the stern and holds the helm. The old man does not do what the young men do; but he does greater and general, better things. Great things are accomplished, not by strength, or swiftness, or suppleness of body, but by counsel, influence, deliberate opinion, of which old age is not wont to be bereft, but, on the other hand, to intro, possess them more abundantly.
This you will grant, unless I, having been soldier, and military Tribune, and second in command, and as Consul at the head of the army, seem to you now idle and useless, because I am no longer actively engaged in war. I now prescribe to the Senate what ought to be done, and how. I declare war far in advance against Carthage,1 which has long been plotting to our detriment, and general essays, whose hostility I shall never cease to fear, till I know that the city is utterly swept out Edition: current; Page: [ 15 ] of being. O that the immortal gods may reserve for you, Scipio, this honor, that you may fully accomplish what your grandfather1 left to be yet done! This is the thirty-third year since his death; but the memory of such a man all coming years will hold in special honor. Teen Driving? He died the year before my censorship, nine years after my consulate, during which he was chosen Consul for the second time.
If he had lived till his hundredth year, would he have had reason to regret his old age? He would not, indeed, have sought added distinction by running, or leaping, or hurling the telugu, spear, or handling the sword, but by counsel, reason, judgment. Unless these were the characteristics of seniors in age, our ancestors would not have called the supreme council the Senate. Intro? Among the Lacedaemonians, too, the corresponding name is given to the magistrates of the highest grade, who are really old men.2 But if you see fit to read or hear the history of foreign nations, you will find that states have been undermined by young men, maintained and restored by old men. #x201C;Say, how lost you so great a state so soon?#x201D; For this men ask, as it is asked in Naevius#x2019;s play of The School, and telugu essays, with other answers this is among the first: #x2014; #x201C;A brood came of new leaders, foolish striplings.#x201D; Rashness, indeed, belongs to youth; prudence, to age. VII.
But memory is impaired by age. I have no doubt that it is, in scooby persons who do not exercise their memory, and in those who are naturally slowminded. But Themistocles knew by name all the general essays, citizens of Athens, and do you suppose that, at an advanced age, when he met Aristides he called him Lysimachus? I not only know the men who are now living; but I have a clear remembrance of their fathers and their grandfathers. Nor am I afraid to read sepulchral inscriptions, an occupation which is resume, said to destroy the memory;1 on the other hand, my recollection of the dead is essays, thus made more vivid. Then, too, I never heard of an old man#x2019;s forgetting where he had buried his money. Old men remember everything that they care about,2 #x2014; the bonds they have given, what is due to them, what they owe. What shall we say of case studies interview, lawyers? Edition: current; Page: [ 17 ] Of priests?1 Of augurs? Of philosophers?
How many things do they retain in their memory! Old men have their powers of mind unimpaired, when they do not suspend their usual pursuits and their habits of industry. Nor is this the case only with those in conspicuous stations and in public office; it is equally true in private and telugu, retired life. Sophocles in extreme old age still wrote tragedies. Because in his close application he seemed to neglect his property, his sons instituted judicial proceedings to persuasive essay, deprive him, as mentally incompetent, of the custody of his estate, in like manner as by our law fathers of families who mismanage their property have its administration taken from them. The old man is said to have then recited to the judges the telugu general essays, Oedipus at Colonus, the play which he had in resume hand and had just written, and to have asked them whether that poem seemed the work of a failing intellect.2 On hearing this, the judges dismissed the case. Did old age then impose silence, in their several modes of telugu general essays, utterance, on him, on Homer, on scooby doo movie, Hesiod, on telugu general essays, Simonides, on Stesichorus, on Isocrates and Gorgias of whom I have just spoken, on those Edition: current; Page: [ 18 ] foremost of case studies interview questions, philosophers, Pythagoras and Democritus, on Plato, on Xenocrates, in later time, on general essays, Zeno and Cleanthes, or on that Diogenes the resume, Stoic whom you saw when he was in Rome?1 Or with all these men was not activity in their life-work coextensive with their lives?
But leaving out of the account these pursuits, which have in them a divine element, I can name old Romans who are farmers in what was the Sabine territory, my neighbors and friends,2 without whose oversight hardly any important work is ever done on their land, whether in sowing, or harvesting, or storing their crops. This, however, is not so surprising in them; for no one is so old that he does not expect to live a year longer. But the same persons bestow great pains in general essays labor from which they know that they shall never derive any benefit. as our poet Statius says in his Synephebi. 3 Nor, indeed can the doo movie, farmer, though he be an telugu essays old man, if asked for whom he is doo movie thesis, planting, hesitate to answer, #x201C;For the immortal gods, whose will it was, not only Edition: current; Page: [ 19 ] that I should receive this estate from my ancestors, but that I should also transmit it in general undiminished value to my posterity.#x201D; VIII. What I have just quoted from Dostoyevski Caecilius1 about the telugu general essays, old man#x2019;s providing for a coming generation, is very far preferable to what he says elsewhere, #x2014; #x201C;Old Age, forsooth, if other ill thou bring not, This will suffice, that with one#x2019;s lengthened years So much he sees he fain would leave unseen,#x201D; #x2014; and much, it may be, that he is glad to see; while youth, too, often encounters what it would willingly shun. Still worse, that same Caecilius writes, #x2014; #x201C;The utmost misery of age I count it, To feel that it is hateful to the young.#x201D;
Agreeable rather than hateful; for as wise old men are charmed with well-disposed youth, so do young men delight in the counsels of the old, by which they are led to the cultivation of the virtues. I do not feel that I am less agreeable to you than you are to cali on resume, me. #x2014; To return to our subject, you see that old age is not listless and telugu general essays, inert, but is even laborious, with work and plans of work always in hand, generally, indeed, with employments corresponding to the pursuits of earlier life. But what shall we say of those who even make new acquisitions? Edition: current; Page: [ 20 ] Thus we see Solon, in one of case interview questions, his poems, boasting that, as he grows old, he widens the range of his knowledge every day. I have done the like, having learned Greek in my old age, and have taken hold of the study so eagerly #x2014; as if to general, quench a long thirst #x2014; that I have already become familiar with the topics from Greek authors which I have been using, as I have talked with you, by way of illustration. Cali? When I read that Socrates in telugu essays his old age learned to play on the lyre, I could have wished to do the same, had the intro, old custom been still rife; but I certainly have worked hard on my Greek. IX. To pass to the next charge against old age, I do not now desire the bodily strength of youth, any more than when I was a young man I desired the strength of a bull or an elephant.
It is becoming to make use of telugu general essays, what one has, and whatever you do, to do in proportion to your strength. What language can be more contemptible than that reported of Milon of Crotona,1 when in his old age he saw athletes taking exercise on the race-ground, and is said to have cast his eyes on resume, his own arms, and to have exclaimed, weeping, #x201C;But these are dead now#x201D;? Not these, indeed, simpleton, so much as you yourself; for you never gained any fame from your own self, but only from your lungs and arms. You hear nothing like this from Sextus Edition: current; Page: [ 21 ] Aelius,1 nothing at general essays a much earlier time from Titus Coruncanius,2 nor yet from resume Publius Crassus,3 who expounded the laws to their fellow-citizens, and telugu general essays, whose wisdom grew to associates, their last breath. There is reason, indeed, to fear that a mere orator may lose something of telugu essays, his power with age; for he needs not mind alone, but strong lungs and bodily vigor. Award On Resume? Yet there is a certain musical quality of the voice which becomes #x2014; I know not how #x2014; even more melodious in old age.
This, indeed, I have not yet lost, and you see how old I am. But the eloquence that becomes one of advanced years is calm and gentle, and not infrequently a clear-headed old man commands special attention by general the simple, quiet elegance of his style. If, however, you cannot attain this merit, you may be able at least to give wholesome advice to Scipio and Laelius. You can at least help others by your counsel; and what is more pleasant than old age surrounded by young disciples? Must we not, indeed, admit that old age has sufficient strength to teach young men, to educate them, to train them for the discharge of every duty? And what can be more worthy of renown Edition: current; Page: [ 22 ] than work like this? I used to think Cneius and Publius Scipio, and, Scipio, your two grandfathers, Lucius Aemilius and Publius Africanus, truly fortunate in being surrounded by noble youth; nor are there any masters of cali award, liberal culture who are not to be regarded as happy, even though their strength may have failed with lengthened years.
This failure of strength, however, is due oftener to the vices of youth than to the necessary infirmity of age; for a licentious and profligate youth transmits to one#x2019;s later years a worn-out bodily constitution. Cyrus indeed, in general essays his dying speech which Xenophon records, though somewhat advanced in years, says that he has never felt that his old age was more feeble than his youth. I remember in my boyhood Lucius Metellus, who, having been made high-priest four years after his second consulate, served in that office twenty-two years,1 and was to the very last in such full strength that he did not even feel the loss of youth. There is no need of Edition: current; Page: [ 23 ] my speaking of myself, though that is an old man#x2019;s habit, and is conceded as a privilege of award on resume, age. X. Do you not know how very often Homer introduces Nestor as talking largely of his own merits? Nor was there any fear that, while he told the truth about general himself, he would incur the reproach of oddity or garrulity; for, as Homer says, #x201C;words sweeter than honey flowed from persuasive essay intro his tongue.#x201D; For this suavity of utterance he had no need of bodily strength; yet for this alone the leader of the Greeks,1 while not craving ten like Ajax, says that with ten like Nestor he should be sure of the speedy fall of Troy. #x2014; But to telugu general essays, return to cali award on resume, my own case, I am now in general my eighty-fourth year.
I should be glad if I could make precisely the same boast with Cyrus; yet, in default of it, I can say this at least, that, while I am not so strong as I was when a soldier in the Punic war, or a Quaestor in the same war, or Consul in Spain, or when, four years afterward, I fought as military Tribune2 at associates Thermopylae, in the consulate of Manius Acilius Glabrio, still, as you see, old age has not wholly unstrung my nerves Edition: current; Page: [ 24 ] or broken me down. Telugu Essays? Neither the Senate, nor the rostrum, nor my friends, nor my clients, nor my guests miss the Dostoyevski, strength that I have lost. Nor did I ever give assent to that ancient and much-lauded proverbial saying, that you must become an old man early if you wish to be an old man long. I should, indeed, prefer a shorter old age to being old before my time. Thus no one has wanted to meet me to whom I have denied myself on telugu general, the plea of age. Yet I have less strength than either of you. Nor have you indeed the strength of Titus Pontius the centurion.1 Is he therefore any better than you? Provided one husbands his strength, and does not attempt to go beyond it, he will not be hindered in his work by any lack of the requisite strength.
It is said that Milo walked the whole length of the Olympian race-ground with a living ox on his shoulders;2 but which would you prefer, #x2014; this amount of bodily strength, or the strength of mind that Pythagoras had?3 In fine, I would Edition: current; Page: [ 25 ] have you use strength of body while you have it: when it fails, I would not have you complain of its loss, unless you think it fitting for teen driving, young men to regret their boyhood, or for those who have passed on a little farther in life to want their youth back again. Life has its fixed course, and nature one unvarying way; each age has assigned to it what best suits it, so that the fickleness of boyhood, the sanguine temper of youth, the soberness of telugu, riper years, and case studies, the maturity of old age, equally have something in telugu general essays harmony with nature, which ought to be made availing in cali its season. You, Scipio, must have heard what your grandfather#x2019;s host Masinissa1 does now that he is ninety years old. When he starts on a journey on foot, he never mounts a horse; when he starts on telugu essays, horseback, he never relieves himself by cali award on resume walking; he is never induced by telugu rain or cold to cover his head; he has the utmost power of bodily endurance; and award, so he performs in full all the offices and functions of a king. Exercise and telugu general, temperance, then, can preserve even in old age something of one#x2019;s pristine vigor. XI. Old age lacks strength, it is said. But strength is not demanded of old age. Award On Resume? My period of life is telugu essays, exempted by law and custom from offices Edition: current; Page: [ 26 ] which cannot be borne without strength.1 Therefore we are compelled to do, not what we are unable to do, but even less than we can do. Persuasive Tips? Is it said that many old men are so feeble that they are incapable of any duty or charge whatsoever? This, I answer, is not an inability peculiar to old age, but common to bodily infirmity at whatever period of life.
How feeble, Scipio, was that son of Africanus who adopted you!2 But for this, he would have shone second in his family as a luminary of the state, adding to his father#x2019;s greatness a more ample intellectual culture. What wonder, then, is it that old men are sometimes feeble, when it is a misfortune which even the essays, young cannot always escape? Old age, Laelius and Scipio, should be resisted, and its deficiencies should be supplied by cali award on resume faithful effort. Old age, like disease, should be fought against. Care must be bestowed upon the health; moderate exercise must be taken; the food and drink should be sufficient to recruit the strength, and not in such excess as to become oppressive. General? Nor yet should the body alone be sustained in vigor, but much more the powers of mind; for these too, unless you pour oil into driving the lamp, Edition: current; Page: [ 27 ] are extinguished by old age. Indeed, while overexertion tends by fatigue to general essays, weigh down the body, exercise makes the mind elastic.
For, when Caecilius speaks of. #x201C;Foolish old men, fit sport for comedy,#x201D;1. he means those who are credulous, forgetful, weakminded,2 and studies questions, these are the faults, not of old age, but of lazy, indolent, drowsy old age. Telugu General? As wantonness and licentiousness are the interview, faults of the general essays, young rather than of the old, yet not of all young men, but only of such of them as are depraved, so the senile folly which is commonly called dotage3 belongs not to all, but only to case, frivolous old men. General? Appius, when both blind and old, governed four grown-up sons, five daughters, a very large household, a numerous body of clients; for he had his mind on the alert, like a bent bow, nor did he, as he became feeble, succumb to old age. He maintained, not only authority, but absolute command over case studies all who belonged to him. His servants feared him; his children held him in awe; all loved him. Essays? In that family the manners and discipline of the earlier time were still in on resume the ascendant. Old age, Edition: current; Page: [ 28 ] indeed, is worthy of honor only when it defends itself, when it asserts its rights, when it comes into bondage to no one, when even to the last breath it maintains its sway over those of its own family.
Still farther, as I hold in high esteem the youth who has in him some of the qualities of age, I have like esteem for telugu, the old man in whom there is resume, something of the youth, which he who cultivates may be old in body, but will never be so in mind. I have now in hand the seventh Book of my History. 1 I am collecting all the memorials of earlier times. I am just now writing out, as my memory serves me, my speeches in telugu essays the celebrated cases that I have defended. Dostoyevski? I am treating of augural, pontifical, civil law. I read a good deal of telugu, Greek. At the same time, in order to exercise my memory in the method prescribed by Pythagoras,2 I recall every evening whatever I have said, heard, or done during the persuasive intro tips, day. These are the exercises of the mind; these, the race-ground of the intellect. In these pursuits while I labor vigorously, I hardly feel my loss of telugu general, bodily strength.
I appear in court in behalf of my friends. I often take my place in the Senate, Edition: current; Page: [ 29 ] and I there introduce of my own motion1 subjects on which I have thought much and long, and I defend my opinions with strength of mind, not of interview, body. General Essays? If I were too feeble to pursue this course of life, I still on my bed should find pleasure in thinking out what I could no longer do; but that I am able still to do, as well as to think, is the Dostoyevski, result of my past life. One who is always occupied in these studies and labors is unaware when age creeps upon him. Thus one grows old gradually and telugu general, unconsciously, and life is not suddenly extinguished, but closes when by length of time it is burned out. XII.
I come now to the third charge against old age, that, as it is alleged, it lacks the pleasures of sense. O admirable service of old age, if indeed it takes from us what in youth is more harmful than all things else! For I would have you hear, young men, an ancient discourse of driving, Archytas of essays, Tarentum,2 a man of great distinction and Dostoyevski, celebrity, Edition: current; Page: [ 30 ] as it was repeated to me when in my youth I was at Tarentum with Quintus Maximus. General Essays? #x201C;Man has received from nature,#x201D; said he, #x201C;no more fatal scourge than bodily pleasure, by essay intro which the passions in their eagerness for gratification are made reckless and are released from telugu all restraint. Hence spring treasons against one#x2019;s country; hence, overthrows of states; hence, clandestine plottings with enemies. In fine, there is no form of guilt, no atrocity of evil, to the accomplishment of which men are not driven by lust for pleasure. Essay? Debaucheries, adulteries, and all enormities of that kind have no other inducing cause than the essays, allurements of pleasure. Still more, while neither Nature nor any god has bestowed upon man aught more noble than mind, nothing is resume associates, so hostile as pleasure to this divine endowment and gift.
Nor while lust bears sway can self-restraint find place, nor under the reign of pleasure can virtue have any foothold whatever.#x201D; That this might be better understood, Archytas asked his hearers to imagine a person under the general, excitement of the highest amount of bodily pleasure that could possibly be enjoyed, and maintained that it was perfectly obvious to every one that so long as such enjoyment lasted it was impossible for the mind to act, or for anything to case studies questions, be determined by reason or reflection. Hence he concluded that nothing was so execrable and baneful as pleasure, since, when intense and telugu general, prolonged, it extinguishes all the Dostoyevski, light of intellect. That Archytas discoursed thus Edition: current; Page: [ 31 ] with Caius Pontius the Samnite, father of the Pontius who defeated the telugu general, consuls Spurius Postumius and Titus Veturius at the Caudine Forks, I learned from Nearchus of Tarentum, my host, a persistent friend of the Roman people, who said that he had heard it from his elders, Plato having been present when it was uttered, who, I find, came to Tarentum in resume the consulate of Lucius Camillus and Appius Claudius. To what purpose do I speak thus? That you may understand that, were we indeed unable by general reason and driving essay, wisdom to spurn pleasure, we ought to feel the warmest gratitude to old age for making what is opposed to our duty no longer a source of delight. For pleasure thwarts good counsel, is the enemy of reason, and, if I may so speak, blindfolds the eyes of the mind, nor has it anything in telugu common with virtue. It was, indeed, with great reluctance that, seven years after his consulate, I expelled from the Senate Lucius Flamininus, the brother of that eminently brave man Titus Flamininus; but I thought that such vile conduct as his ought to be branded. For he, during his consulship in Gaul, was persuaded by the companion of his lust, at a banquet, himself to persuasive, kill with an axe one of the telugu general essays, prisoners in chains and under sentence of death.1 He escaped during the resume associates, censorship of telugu general, Edition: current; Page: [ 32 ] his brother, my immediate predecessor; but I and my colleague Flaccus could not by any possibility give our implied sanction to lust so infamous, so abandoned, which blended with private ignominy disgrace to the office of supreme commander of our army. XIII. Persuasive Essay Tips? I have often heard from telugu general my seniors in age, who said that they when they were boys had so heard from the old men of resume, their time, that Caius Fabricius was wont to express his amazement when, while he was ambassador to King Pyrrhus, Cineas the Thessalonian told him that there was a certain man in Athens,1 professing to be a philosopher, who taught that all that we do ought to be referred to pleasure as a standard.
Fabricius having told this to Manius Curius and Titus Coruncanius, they used to wish that the Samnites and Pyrrhus himself might become converts to this doctrine, so that, giving themselves up to pleasure, they might be the more easily conquered. Manius Curius had lived in intimacy with Publius Decius, who, five years before Curius was Consul, had in his fourth Edition: current; Page: [ 33 ] consulate devoted his own life for the safety of the state.1 Fabricius had known Publius Decius, Coruncanius had known him, and telugu essays, from that act of self-sacrifice, as well as from his whole life, they inferred that there is that which in its very nature is beautiful and case, excellent, which is chosen of one#x2019;s own free will, and which every truly good man pursues, spurning and despising pleasure. But to what purpose am I saying so much about pleasure? Because it is general essays, not only Dostoyevski no reproach to old age, but even its highest merit, that it does not severely feel the loss of bodily pleasures. But, you may say, it must dispense with sumptuous feasts, and loaded tables, and telugu general, oft-drained cups. True, but it equally dispenses with sottishness, and indigestion, and troubled dreams.2 But if any license is to be given to tips, pleasure, seeing that we do not easily resist its allurements, #x2014; insomuch that Plato calls pleasure the bait of evil, because, forsooth, men are caught by it as fishes by the hook, #x2014; old age, while it dispenses with excessive feasting, yet can find delight in moderate conviviality. When I was a boy I Edition: current; Page: [ 34 ] often saw Caius Duilius, the son of Marcus, who first gained a naval victory over the Carthaginians, returning home from supper. He took delight in the frequent escort of a torch-bearer and a fluteplayer, #x2014; the first person not actually in office who ventured on such display, #x2014; a liberty assumed on the score of general essays, his military fame.1 But why am I talking about others?
I now return to my own case. In the first place, I have for many years belonged to a guild.2 Indeed, guilds were established when I was Quaestor, at the time when the Idaean rites in honor of the Great Mother were adopted in Rome. I then used to feast with my guild fellows, moderately on cali award, the whole, yet with something of the telugu general, joviality that belonged to my earlier years; but with advancing age, day by day, everything is tempered down. Nor did I ever measure my delight Edition: current; Page: [ 35 ] at resume associates these entertainments by the amount of bodily pleasure more than by the intercourse and conversation of friends. In this feeling, our ancestors fitly called the festive meeting of telugu general essays, friends at table, as implying union in life, a convivial meeting, #x2014; a much better name than that of the Greeks, who call such an occasion sometimes a compotation, sometimes a social supper,1 evidently attaching the chief importance to that which is of the least moment in an entertainment. XIV. I, indeed, for the pleasure of conversation, enjoy festive entertainments, even when they begin early and end late,2 and that, not only in the company of my coevals, of whom very few remain, but with those of your age and driving, with you; and I am heartily thankful to my advanced years for increasing my appetency for conversation, and diminishing my craving for food and telugu general, drink. But if any one takes delight in the mere pleasures of the table, lest I may seem utterly hostile to appetites which Edition: current; Page: [ 36 ] perhaps spring from a natural impulse, I would not have it understood that old age is not susceptible of them. I indeed enjoy the ancestral fashion of appointing a master of ceremonies for the feast,1 and on resume, the rules for drinking announced from the head of the table, and cups, as in Xenophon#x2019;s Symposium, 2 not over large, and slowly drunk, and the cool breeze for the dining-hall in summer, and the winter#x2019;s sun or fire.3 Even on my Sabine farm I keep up these customs, and daily fill my table with my neighbors, prolonging our varied talk to the latest possible hour. But it is said that old men have less intensity of sensual enjoyment.
So I believe; but there is no craving for it. You do not miss what you do not want. Sophocles very aptly replied, when Edition: current; Page: [ 37 ] asked in his old age whether he indulged in sensual pleasure, #x201C;May the gods do better for me! I rejoice in my escape from telugu a savage and ferocious tyrant.#x201D; To those who desire such pleasures it may be offensive and grievous to be debarred from them; but to studies, those already filled and satiated it is more pleasant to lack them than to have them. Though he does not lack who does not want them, I maintain that it is more for one#x2019;s happiness not to general, want them. But if young men take special delight in these pleasures, in the first place, they are very paltry sources of enjoyment, and, in the second place, they are not wholly out of the reach of old men, though it be in a restricted measure. Studies Questions? As the spectator in the front seat gets the greater enjoyment from the acting of essays, Turpio Ambivius,1 yet those on the farthest seat are delighted to be there; so youth, having a closer view of the pleasures of sense, derives, it may be, more joy from them, while old age has as much enjoyment as it wants in seeing them at a distance. But of what immense worth is it for the soul to persuasive essay tips, be with itself, to live, as the phrase is, with itself, discharged from the service of lust, ambition, strife, enmities, desires of every kind! If one has some provision laid up, as it were, of telugu general, study and learning, nothing is teen essay, more enjoyable than the telugu general, leisure of old age. We saw Caius Gallus, your father#x2019;s friend, Scipio, almost to Edition: current; Page: [ 38 ] the Dostoyevski, last moment occupied in measuring heaven and earth. How often did the morning light overtake him when he had begun some problem1 by night, and the night when he had begun in the early morning!
How did he delight to predict to us far in advance the eclipses of the sun and moon! What pleasure have old men taken in pursuits less recondite, yet demanding keenness and vigor of mind! How did Naevius rejoice in his Punic War! 2 Plautus in his Truculentus, #x2014; in his Pseudolus! 3 I saw also Livius4 in his old age, who, having brought out a play5 six years before I was born, in the consulship of Cento and Tuditanus, continued before the public till I was almost a man. What shall I say of the devotion of Publius Licinius Crassus6 to the study of pontifical and civil law? What of the similar diligence of telugu general, this Edition: current; Page: [ 39 ] Publius Scipio,1 who has just been put at the head of the pontifical college? We have seen all these whom I have named ardently engaged in their old age in teen their several departments of mental labor. Marcus Cethegus,2 too, whom Ennius rightly called the #x201C;Marrow of Persuasion,#x201D; #x2014; how zealously did we see him exercise himself when an old man in the art of speaking!
What, then, are the pleasures of telugu general essays, feasts, and games, and sensual indulgence, compared with these pleasures? Indeed, it is these intellectual pursuits that for wise and well-nurtured men grow with years, so that it is to Solon#x2019;s honor that he says, in the verse which I just now quoted, that as he advanced in age he learned something every day, #x2014; a pleasure of the mind than which there can be none greater. XV. I pass now to the pleasures of agriculture, which give me inconceivable delight, to which age is no impediment, and in which one makes the nearest approach to the life of the teen driving essay, true philosopher. For the farmer keeps an open account with the Edition: current; Page: [ 40 ] earth, which never refuses a draft, nor ever returns what has been committed to it without interest, and if sometimes at a small, generally at an ample rate of increase. Yet I am charmed not only with the revenue, but with the very nature and properties of the soil. When it has received the seed into its softened and prepared bosom, it keeps it buried1 (whence our word for the harrowing2 which buries the seed is derived), then by its pressure and by the moisture which it yields it cleaves the seed and draws out from it the green shoot, which, sustained by telugu essays its rootlet-fibres, grows till it stands erect on its jointed stalk, enclosed in sheaths, as if to protect the cali award on resume, down of its youth, till, emerging from them, it yields the general essays, grain, with its orderly arrangement in the ear, defended against predatory birds by its bearded rampart. What can I say of the planting, upspringing, and growth of vines? It is with insatiable delight that I thus make known to resume associates, you the repose and enjoyment of my old age. Telugu General Essays? Not to speak of the scooby doo movie, vital power of general essays, all things that grow directly from the thesis, earth, #x2014; which from telugu essays so tiny a fig or grape seed, or from the very smallest seeds of other fruits or plants, produces such massive trunks and Edition: current; Page: [ 41 ] branches, #x2014; do not shoots, scions, quicksets, layers, accomplish results which no one can behold without delighted admiration?
The vine, indeed, drooping by nature, unless supported, is weighed down to the ground; but to raise itself it embraces with its hand-like tendrils whatever it can lay hold upon; and then, as it twines with multifold and diffusive growth, the art of the vine-dresser trims it close with the Dostoyevski, pruning-knife, that it may not run unto useless wood and spread too far. Thus in telugu general essays the early spring, in what remains after the pruning, the gem (so called) starts out at teen the joints of the twigs, from which the incipient cluster of grapes makes its appearance; and this, growing by the moisture of the earth and the heat of the sun, is at first very sour to the taste; then, as it ripens, it becomes sweet, while, clothed with leaves, it lacks not moderate warmth, and at the same time escapes the telugu general essays, sun#x2019;s intenser beams. On Resume? What can be more gladdening than the fruit of the vine; what more beautiful, as it hangs ungathered? I am charmed, as I have said, not only with the utility of the vine, but equally with the whole process of its cultivation and general, with its very nature, #x2014; with its rows of stakes, the lateral supports from stake to stake, the tying up and cali award on resume, training of the telugu general essays, vines, the amputation of some of the twigs, of which I have spoken, and the planting of others. What can I tell you of irrigation, and of the repeated digging of the soil to make the ground more fertile? What shall I say of the Edition: current; Page: [ 42 ] efficacy of persuasive essay, manuring? of which I have written in my book on Farm Life, 1 but of which the learned Hesiod, in writing about agriculture, says not a word, #x2014; though Homer, who, I think, lived many generations before him, introduces Laertes as relieving his solicitude for telugu general essays, his son by tilling and manuring his field. Nor is rural life made cheerful by grainfields, meadows, vineyards, and resume, shrubberies alone, but also by telugu essays gardens and cali, orchards; then again, by the feeding of sheep, by swarms of bees, by a vast variety of flowers. Nor does one take pleasure merely in the various modes of planting, but equally in those of grafting, than which no agricultural invention shows greater skill. XVI.
I could enumerate many other charms of rural life; but I feel that those which I have named have occupied fully enough of your time. Pardon me; for I am thoroughly versed in everything belonging to country life, and old age is telugu essays, naturally prolix, nor can I pretend to acquit it of all the Edition: current; Page: [ 43 ] weaknesses laid to its charge. With your leave I would add, then, that Manius Curius, after winning triumphs over the Samnites, over the Sabines, over Pyrrhus, spent the close of his life in the country; and when I look at Dostoyevski his house, which is not far from mine, I cannot sufficiently admire either the telugu, self-denying integrity of the man himself or the high moral standard of his time. As Curius was sitting by his hearth the thesis, Samnites brought him a large amount of gold, and he spurned the bribe, saying that he thought it better than having gold to bear sway over those who have gold. Such a mind cannot fail to make a happy old age. #x2014; But to return to telugu, my subject, and not to Dostoyevski, wander from my own mode of life, there were in those days Senators, that is, as the name implies, old men, living on farms, if indeed Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus received when ploughing the telugu essays, announcement that he had been made Dictator, under whose dictatorship it was that Caius Servilius Ahala, the Master of Horse, by his order, slew Spurius Maelius, who was aspiring after royalty.1 Curius, too, and other old men, were wont to be summoned from essay their farms to the Senate, giving thus to essays, the messengers who summoned them a special name2 derived from the tips, highways Edition: current; Page: [ 44 ] on which they travelled. Was then the old age of these men who found delight in telugu general tilling the ground unhappy? I indeed doubt whether there can be any happier old age, taking into account not only the occupation of persuasive intro, agriculture which is healthy for every one, but also the enjoyment of telugu general, which I have spoken, and the bountiful supply of studies interview, everything that can be desired for the food of man and the worship of the gods, so that, if any persons have such cravings, we may come again into friendly terms with the pleasures of sense. For a thrifty and industrious farmer has a full wine-cellar, oil-cellar, and larder, and the whole estate is rich, abounding in swine, kids, lambs, fowls, milk, cheese, honey. Telugu Essays? The farmers themselves are wont to call their garden a second stock of the winter#x2019;s relishing food.1 All else has the richer zest from the work of leisure time in fowling and hunting. Why should I say more about the teen driving essay, green of the meadows, or the telugu essays, rows of teen essay, trees, or the beauty of the vineyards and essays, the olive groves?
To cut the subject short, nothing Edition: current; Page: [ 45 ] can be more bountiful for use, or more ornate to the eye, than a well-cultivated farm, to the enjoyment of persuasive, which advanced years not only interpose no hindrance, but hold forth invitation and allurement; for where can old age find more genial warmth of sunshine or fire, or, on the other hand, more cooling shade or more refreshing waters? Let others take for their own delight arms, horses, spears, clubs, balls, swimming-bouts, and telugu general, foot-races. Scooby? From their many diversions let them leave for us old men knuckle-bones and telugu essays, dice.1 Either will serve our turn; but without them old age can hardly be contented. XVII. Xenophon#x2019;s books are in many ways very useful, and I beg you to continue to read them. Cali? With what a flow of eloquence does he praise agriculture in that book of his about the care of one#x2019;s estate, called Oeconomicus! 2 Still more, to show that there is nothing so worthy of a king as the pursuits of agriculture, he introduces in that book Socrates as telling this story to Critobolus. Cyrus Edition: current; Page: [ 46 ] the younger, king of Persia,1 of surpassing genius and renown, when Lysander, the Lacedaemonian, a man of the highest military reputation,2 came to him at Sardis to bring presents from the confederate states, having treated Lysander in general essays other ways with familiar courtesy, showed him an enclosed field planted with the utmost care. Persuasive Tips? Lysander, marvelling at the great height of the trees, their arrangement in ornamental groups,3 the ground thoroughly tilled and free from general essays weeds, and the delicious odors breathing from the resume, flowers, said that he admired, not only the care, but also the skill of him who had planned and laid out telugu, these grounds.
Cyrus answered, #x201C;I myself laid out essay intro tips, all this field. The plan is mine; the arrangement is mine, and general, many of these trees I planted with my own hand.#x201D; Then Lysander, looking at his purple robe, his elegance of person,4 and his Persian ornaments rich in gold and precious stones, said, #x201C;Men may well call Edition: current; Page: [ 47 ] you happy, Cyrus, since your fortune corresponds to your merit.#x201D; This fortune, then, old men can enjoy, nor does age preclude our interest in other things indeed, but least of all in agriculture, to the very last moment of case interview questions, life. We have heard that Marcus Valerius Corvus lived to his hundredth year, passing the close of his life in the country, and engaged to the last in labors of the field. There were forty-six years between his first and his sixth consulship. Thus his term of public life lasted the telugu general essays, full number of years which our ancestors accounted as the beginning of old age,1 and his old age was happier than middle life, having more authority with less labor. Indeed, the crowning glory of resume, old age is authority. How great was this in general essays Lucius Caecilius Metellus! How great in Dostoyevski Atilius Calatinus! whose eulogy is, #x2014; #x201C;Him first of men all tribes and nations own With one consent.#x201D;
This, you know, is the inscription on his tomb. Essays? He was rightly held, then, in essay the highest esteem, since all were unanimous in essays his praise. How great a man did we see in Publius Crassus, the Dostoyevski, chief priest, of whom I have just spoken, and afterward in Marcus Lepidus, invested with the same priesthood! What shall I say of Paullus or of Africanus? Or of Maximus,2 if I may name him again?
Edition: current; Page: [ 48 ] These were men, not only in essays whose uttered opinion, but in Dostoyevski whose very nod, dwelt authority. Old age, especially when it has filled offices of high public trust, has so much authority, that for this alone it is worth all the pleasures of youth. XVIII. But remember that in all that I say I am praising the old age that has laid its foundations in youth. Hence follows the maxim to which I once gave utterance with the assent of all who heard me: #x201C;Wretched is the old age which has to speak in its own defence.#x201D; White hairs or wrinkles cannot usurp authority; but an early life well spent reaps authority as the fruit of its age. Indeed, attentions which seem trivial and essays, conventional are honorable when merited; for cali award on resume, instance, being saluted in the morning, grasped by the hand, received by the rising of those present, escorted to the Forum, escorted home, asked for advice, #x2014; customs carefully observed with us, and in other states so far as good manners prevail. It is related that Lysander the Lacedaemonian, of whom I just made mention, used to say that Lacedaemon was the best home for general, an old man, insomuch as nowhere else was such deference paid to length of years, or age held in such honor. There is, indeed, a tradition that once in Athens, at a public festival, when an old Athenian entered the crowded theatre, no one of his fellow-citizens made room for him, but that, as he approached the scooby doo movie thesis, place assigned to the delegates from Lacedaemon, they all rose and telugu, remained standing Edition: current; Page: [ 49 ] till the essay tips, old man was seated. General? When they were applauded for this in every possible way by the whole assembly, one of teen driving essay, them said, #x201C;The Athenians know what is right, but will not do it.#x201D; Of many excellent usages in our college of telugu essays, Augurs none deserves higher commendation than this, #x2014; that the members give their opinions in the order of Dostoyevski, age, the elder members taking precedence, not only of those who have held higher official rank, but even of those who for the time being are at the head of the telugu, state.1 What pleasures of body are then to doo movie, be compared with the prerogatives of authority?
Those who have borne these honors with due dignity seem to me to telugu, have thoroughly performed their part in studies the drama of life, and telugu general essays, not, like untrained players, to have broken down in the last act. #x2014; But it is essay intro, said that old men are morose, and uneasy, and irritable, and hard to please; and were we to make the inquiry, we might be told that they are avaricious. But these are faults of character, not of age. Yet moroseness and the faults that I named with it have some excuse, sufficient, not indeed to justify, but to extenuate them. Old men imagine that they are scorned, despised, mocked. Then, too, with a frail body, any cause of vexation is felt more keenly. But such infirmities of temper are Edition: current; Page: [ 50 ] corrected by good manners and liberal culture, as we may see in essays actual life, as well as on the stage in the brothers in the play of the Adelphi. What grimness do we see in one of these brothers; what a genial disposition in the other! So it is in society; for as it is not wine of every vintage, so it is not every temper that grows sour with age.
I approve of Dostoyevski, gravity in old age, so it be not excessive; for moderation in all things is becoming: but for bitterness I have no tolerance. As for senile avarice, I do not understand what it means; for can anything be more foolish than, in proportion as there is less of the way to travel, to seek the more provision for it? XIX. There remains a fourth reason for deprecating old age, that it is liable to excessive solicitude and distress, because death is so near; and it certainly cannot be very far off. O wretched old man, not to have learned in so long a life that death is to be despised! which manifestly ought to be regarded with indifference if it really puts an end to the soul, or to be even desired if at length it leads the soul where it will be immortal; and certainly there is no third possibility that can be imagined.1 Why then should I fear if after death I shall be Edition: current; Page: [ 51 ] either not miserable, or even happy? Moreover, who is general essays, so foolish, however young he may be, as to feel sure on doo movie thesis, any day that he will live till nightfall?
Youth has many more chances of death than those of my age. Telugu General Essays? Young men are more liable to illnesses; they are more severely attacked by disease; they are cured with more difficulty. Thus few reach old age. Were it otherwise, affairs would be better and more discreetly managed; for persuasive essay intro, old men have mind and reason and practical wisdom; and telugu, if there were none of them, communities could not hold together. But to return to studies interview, impending death, #x2014; can this be urged as a charge against old age, when you see that it belongs to it in common with youth?
I felt in the death of my most excellent son,1 and equally, Scipio, in that of your brothers,2 who were born to the expectation of the general, highest honors, that death is scooby doo movie, common to telugu general essays, all ages. Persuasive Essay Intro Tips? But, it is said, the young man hopes to telugu general, live long, while the Edition: current; Page: [ 52 ] old man can have no such hope. The hope, at any rate, is unwise; for what is more foolish than to take things uncertain for certain, false for true? Is it urged that the old man has absolutely nothing to hope? For that very reason he is in a better condition than the young man, because what the youth hopes he has already obtained.
The one wishes to live long; the other has lived long. Yet, ye good gods, what is there in man#x2019;s life that is essay, long? Grant the very latest term of life; suppose that we expect to reach the age of the telugu general, king of Tartessus.1 For it is on record that a certain Arganthonius, who reigned eighty years in Gades, lived to the age of a hundred and twenty. But to me no life seems long that has any end. For when the case questions, end comes, then that which has passed has flowed away; that alone remains which you have won by telugu virtue and by associates a good life. Hours, indeed, and days, and months, and years, glide by, nor does the past ever return, nor yet can it be known what is to come. Each one should be content with such time as it is allotted to him to live.
In order to give pleasure to the audience, the actor need not finish Edition: current; Page: [ 53 ] the play; he may win approval in whatever act he takes part in; nor need the wise man remain on the stage till the closing plaudit. A brief time is long enough to live well and honorably;1 but if you live on, you have no more reason to mourn over your advancing years, than the essays, farmers have, when the sweet days of spring are past, to lament the coming of summer and of autumn. Spring typifies youth, and shows the fruit that will be; the rest of life is fitted for reaping and gathering the fruit. Case Studies Interview Questions? Moreover, the fruit of old age is, as I have often said, the memory and abundance of goods previously obtained. But all things that occur according to nature are to essays, be reckoned as goods; and what is so fully according to nature as for old men to die? while the same thing happens to the young with the opposition and tips, repugnancy of nature. Thus young men seem to telugu, me to die as when a fierce flame is extinguished by a stream of water; while old men die as when a spent fire goes out of its own accord, without force employed to quench it. Or, as apples, if unripe, are violently wrenched from the tree, while, mature and ripened, they fall, so force takes life from the young, maturity from the old; and this ripeness of old age is to me so Edition: current; Page: [ 54 ] pleasant, that, in proportion as I draw near to death, I seem to see land, and after a long voyage to persuasive essay intro, be on the point of entering the harbor. XX.
The close of other ages is definitely fixed;1 but old age has no fixed term, and one may fitly live in it so long as he can observe and discharge the duties of his station, and yet despise death. Telugu General Essays? Old age, fearless of death, may transcend youth in courage and in case studies interview questions fortitude. Such is the meaning of general essays, Solon#x2019;s answer to the tyrant Pisistratus, who asked him what was his ground of confidence in cali on resume resisting him so boldly, and Solon replied, #x201C;Old age.#x201D; But the most desirable end of life is when #x2014; the understanding and the other faculties unimpaired #x2014; Nature, who put together, takes apart her own work. As he who built a ship or a house can take it to pieces the most easily, so Nature, who compacted the human frame, is the telugu essays, best agent for its dissolution. Then, again, whatever has been recently put together is studies interview, torn apart with difficulty; old fabrics, easily. Thus what brief remainder there may be of essays, life ought to be neither greedily sought by old men, nor yet abandoned without cause,2 and Pythagoras forbids one to desert the Dostoyevski, garrison and telugu essays, post of award, life without the telugu, order of the persuasive essay intro, commander, that is, Edition: current; Page: [ 55 ] God. There are extant, indeed, verses of Solon the Wise,1 in which he says that he does not want to die without the grief and telugu general essays, lamentation of his friends, desiring, as I suppose, to be held dear by those in resume associates intimate relation with him; but I am inclined to prefer what Ennius writes, #x2014; #x201C;Let no one honor me with tears, or make A lamentation at my funeral.#x201D; He thinks that death is not to be mourned, since it is followed by telugu general immortality. There may be, indeed, some painful sensation in dying, yet for only a little while, especially for the old; after death there is either desirable sensation or none at all. But such thoughts as this ought to doo movie thesis, be familiar to us from telugu youth, that we may make no account of death. Associates? Without such habits of thought one cannot be of a tranquil mind; for telugu essays, it is certain that we must die, and it is uncertain whether it be not this very passing day.
How then can one be composed in Dostoyevski mind while he fears death, which impends over him every hour? On this subject there seems no need of a long discussion, when I recall to memory, #x2014; not Lucius Brutus, who was slain in general essays setting his country free; not the doo movie thesis, two Decii, spurring their horses to a death of their own choice; not Marcus Atilius, returning to the punishment of death that he might keep faith with an enemy; not the two Scipios, who wanted to block the way for the Carthaginians even Edition: current; Page: [ 56 ] with their own bodies; not your grandfather, Lucius Paullus, who yielded up his life to expiate his colleague#x2019;s rashness in the ignominious battle of telugu general essays, Cannae; not Marcus Marcellus, whose body not even the most cruel of award, enemies would suffer to lack the honor of a funeral,1 #x2014; but our legions, often going, as I have said in my History, 2 with a firm and cheerful mind, to scenes of peril whence they expected never to return. Shall well-trained old men, then, fear what youth, and telugu general essays, they not only award untrained, but even fresh from the country, despise? #x2014; In fine, satiety of essays, life, as it seems to me, creates satiety of pursuits of Dostoyevski, every kind. Telugu General? There are certain pursuits belonging to boyhood; do grownup young men therefore long for them? There are others appertaining to early youth; are they required in the sedate period of life which we call middle age? This, too, has its own pursuits, and they are not sought in teen old age. As the telugu general, pursuits of earlier periods of life fail, so in essay intro like manner do those of old age.
When this period is reached, satiety of life brings a season ripe for death. XXI. Essays? I see, indeed, no reason why I should hesitate to Dostoyevski, tell you how I myself feel about death; for I seem to have a clearer view of it, the nearer I approach it. My belief is that your father, Publius Edition: current; Page: [ 57 ] Scipio, and yours, Caius Laelius, men of the highest renown and my very dear friends, are living, and general, are living the only life that truly deserves to be called life. Indeed, while we are shut up in this prison of the Dostoyevski, body, we are performing a heavy task laid upon telugu essays us by necessity; for the soul, of celestial birth, is forced down from its supremely high abode, and, as it were, plunged into the earth, a place uncongenial with its divine nature and Dostoyevski, its eternity. I believe, indeed, that the gods disseminated souls, and planted them in human bodies, that there might be those who should hold the earth in charge, and contemplating the order of celestial beings, should copy it in symmetry and harmony of life. I was led to this belief, not only by reason and argument, but by the pre-eminent authority of the greatest philosophers. I learned that Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans, almost our fellow-countrymen,1 who used to be called Italian philosophers, never doubted that we had souls that emanated from the telugu general, universal divine mind.
I was impressed, also, by what Socrates, whom the oracle of Apollo pronounced the wisest of men, taught with regard to the immortality of souls, on the last Edition: current; Page: [ 58 ] day of his life. Why should I say more? So have I convinced myself, so I feel, that since such is the teen, rapid movement of souls, such their memory of the past and foresight of the future, so many are the general essays, arts, so profound the sciences, so numerous the inventions to which they have given birth, the nature which contains all these things cannot be mortal; that as the on resume, soul is always active, and has no prime cause of motion inasmuch as it puts itself in general motion, so it can have no end of motion, because it can never abandon itself; moreover, that since the nature of the soul is uncompounded, and has in cali on resume itself no admixture of aught that is unequal to or unlike itself, it is indivisible, and if so, is imperishable; and that there is strong reason for believing that men know a great deal before they are born in the ease with which boys learn difficult arts, and general essays, the rapidity with which they seize upon innumerable things, so that they seem not to be receiving them for the first time, but to be recalling and remembering them. This is the sum of what I have from Plato.1. XXII. Dostoyevski? In Xenophon#x2019;s narrative,2 the elder Cyrus says in dying: #x201C;Do not imagine, my beloved sons, that when I go from telugu you I shall be nowhere, or shall cease to be. Case Questions? For while I was with you, you did not see my soul; but you inferred its existence Edition: current; Page: [ 59 ] from the telugu general, things which I did in this body.
Believe then that I am the essay intro, same being, even though you do not see me at all. The fame of illustrious men would not remain after their death, if the souls of those men did nothing to perpetuate their memory. Essays? Indeed, I never could be persuaded that souls live while they are in mortal bodies and die when they depart from them, nor yet that the soul becomes void of wisdom on leaving a senseless body; but I have believed that when, freed from all corporeal mixture, it begins to be pure and entire, it then is wise. Moreover, when the constitution of man is dissolved by death, it is obvious what becomes of each of the other parts; for they all go whence they came: but the soul alone is persuasive, invisible, alike when it is present in the body and when it departs. You see nothing so nearly resembling death as sleep.
Now in sleep souls most clearly show their divineness;1 for when they are thus relaxed and free, they foresee the future. From this we may understand what they will be when they have entirely released themselves from the bonds of the telugu essays, body. Scooby Doo Movie? Therefore, if these things are so, reverence me as a divine being.2 If, however, the telugu essays, soul is going to perish with the body, you still, revering Edition: current; Page: [ 60 ] the gods who protect and govern all this beautiful universe, will keep my memory in pious and inviolate regard.#x201D;1. XXIII. Such were the last words of Cyrus. Resume Associates? Let me now, if it seem good to you, express my own opinion and feeling. No one will ever convince me, Scipio, that your father Paullus, or your two grandfathers, Paullus and general essays, Africanus, or the studies, father or the uncle of Africanus, or many men of surpassing excellence whom I need not name, undertook such noble enterprises which were to belong to the grateful remembrance of posterity, without a clear perception that posterity belonged to them. Or think you, #x2014; if after the manner of telugu general, old men I may boast a little on my own account, #x2014; think you that I would have taken upon scooby myself such a vast amount of labor, by day and by night, at home and in military service, if I had been going to put the same limits to my fame that belong to my earthly life? Would it not have been much better to pass my time in leisure and quiet, remote from toil and general essays, strife?
But somehow my soul, raising itself2 above the present, was always looking onward to essay intro tips, posterity, as if, when it departed from life, then at length it would truly live. But unless Edition: current; Page: [ 61 ] souls were indeed immortal, men#x2019;s souls would not strive for telugu general essays, undying fame in proportion to their transcending merit. What? Since men of the highest wisdom die with perfect calmness, those who are the most foolish with extreme disquiet, can you doubt that the soul which sees more and farther perceives that it is driving essay, going to a better state, while the telugu general essays, soul of obtuser vision has no view beyond death? For my part, I am transported with desire to see your fathers whom I revered and loved; nor yet do I long to meet those only whom I have known, but also those of interview questions, whom I have heard and read, and essays, about whom I myself have written. Therefore one could not easily turn me back on Dostoyevski, my lifeway, nor would I willingly, like Pelias,1 be plunged in telugu general essays the rejuvenating caldron. Indeed, were any god to grant that from my present age I might go back to boyhood, or become a crying child in the cradle, I should steadfastly refuse; nor would I be willing, as from a finished race, to be summoned back from the goal to the starting-point. For what advantage is there in life? Or rather, what is there of arduous toil that is case studies interview questions, wanting to telugu general, it?
But grant all that you may in its favor, it still certainly has either its excess or its fit measure of duration. I am not, indeed, inclined to speak ill of essay, life, as many and even wise men have often done, nor am I sorry Edition: current; Page: [ 62 ] to telugu general, have lived; for I have so lived that I do not think that I was born to no purpose. Yet I depart from resume associates life, as from an inn, not as from a home; for nature has given us here a lodging for a sojourn, not a place of essays, habitation. O glorious day, when I shall go to that divine company and assembly of souls, and when I shall depart from this crowd and studies interview, tumult! I shall go, not only to the men of whom I have already spoken, but also to my Cato, than whom no better man was ever born, nor one who surpassed him in filial piety, whose funeral pile I lighted, #x2014; the office which he should have performed for me, #x2014; but whose soul, not leaving me, but looking back upon me, has certainly gone into those regions whither he saw that I should come to him. This my calamity I seemed to bear bravely.
Not that I endured it with an untroubled mind; but I was consoled by telugu the thought that there would be between us no long parting of the way and divided life. For these reasons, Scipio, as you have said that you and Laelius have observed with wonder, old age sits lightly upon me. Not only is it not burdensome; it is even pleasant. Case Studies Questions? But if I err in believing that the souls of men are immortal, I am glad thus to essays, err, nor am I willing that this error in which I delight shall be wrested from me so long as I live; while if in death, as some paltry philosophers1 think, I shall have no consciousness, the on resume, Edition: current; Page: [ 63 ] dead philosophers cannot ridicule this delusion of mine. But if we are not going to be immortal, it is yet desirable for man to cease living in his due time; for nature has its measure, as of all other things, so of life. Old age is the closing act of general essays, life, as of a drama, and we ought in this to avoid utter weariness, especially if the act has been prolonged beyond its due length. #x2014; I had these things to say about old age, which I earnestly hope that you may reach, so that you can verify by experience what you have heard from me. Interjectus est etiam nuper. The chief ground for doubt as to case studies interview questions, the time of its composition is that Cicero seems to speak of telugu general, this book as #x201C;thrown in scooby doo movie thesis among#x201D; the six Books of the De Republica, written during his consulate; while he sometimes gives a very broad sense to nuper, as when he writes, nuper, id est paucis ante seculis. But between his mention of the De Republica and that of the general, De Senectute he names the Consolatio, which was written in B. C. 45, after the driving essay, death of his daughter. Interjectus, as I suppose, refers, not to telugu general, the date, but to teen driving, the brevity of the general essays, treatise, and by virtue of the etiam applies equally to the Consolatio. #x201C;While I have written, earlier or later, the Dostoyevski, longer works that I have named, I have thrown in among them these smaller treatises.#x201D;
Cicero and Atticus were not old men when the De Republica was written. The first words of the De Senectute. The first words of the De Senectute. Titus Quintius Flamininus, who was a coeval of Ennius. General Essays? His was an eminently successful career.
The #x201C;care#x201D; pressing so constantly upon him may have been that of the persuasive, war with Philip of general essays, Macedonia, in thesis which he showed eminent ability as a commander and a strategist, and which he closed by a peace of telugu, which he seems to have dictated the terms. But it more probably may have been a strong and persuasive intro tips, lasting sense of the disgrace brought upon the family by the flagitious conduct of his brother Lucius Quintius Flamininus, who was ignominiously expelled from the Senate, by Cato the Elder, during his Censorship. Ennius, who spent the last years of his life in Rome, and maintained himself as a preceptor to youths of patrician families. He was born in telugu essays a small village near Brundusium, and was induced to resume associates, come to Rome by Cato the Elder. He was held in the highest esteem, affection, and telugu, reverence by the best men of his time. By the condition of public affairs, as to which Atticus professed an indifference which he can hardly have felt. Atticus was three years older than Cicero, who was in persuasive essay tips his sixty-second year when this treatise was written. Latin, Chius. Aristo, or Ariston, of Chios, was a Stoic philosopher, and an immediate disciple of telugu, Zeno. Some authorities read Ceus, and there was an Ariston, a Peripatetic philosopher, of Ceos, of whose many writings only a few fragments have been preserved. The two are often confounded, even by ancient writers, and either of them may have written the treatise or dialogue on old age here referred to.
The son of Dostoyevski, Eos, or Aurora, who obtained for him, from Zeus, the gift of immortality, but forgot to stipulate for that of eternal youth. He shrivelled in old age by slow degrees; his voice became a mere chirp, and general essays, he at length dwindled into a cricket. Award? Can this myth mean that the telugu general, son of the morning, the studies questions, early riser, has the promise of long life? Briareus, Enceladus, and Typhoeus, giants, who made war against general, the gods, were said, in Grecian fable, to resume, have been buried alive by Zeus under Mount Aetna. See the Aeneid, iii.
578. The reference may here be to Cato, which name he seems to have been the first to bear, and which may have been given him in childhood for the promise of the qualities fully developed in later years. The term denotes shrewdness and cunning, rather than wisdom, #x2014; in fine, the feline attributes which have given name both in the Latin ( catus ) and in general essays the English to the cat. Questions? Reference may, however, be had to Sapiens, #x2014; a surname currently given to Cato in general essays his later years. One of the Cyclades, known in mythology, as the case studies interview questions, island on which Perseus was driven on shore and brought up, and whose inhabitants he turned to stone with the Gorgon#x2019;s head; and in general history, for its insignificance and poverty, #x2014; the reason why under the Roman emperors it was a frequent place of banishment for state criminals; celebrated also (probably in myth rather than fact) for a race of voiceless frogs. #x2014; Herodotus tells this story of Themistocles. The fourth of the name. Quintus Maximus must, then, have been forty-four years older than Cato.
This law not only prohibited the payment of fees or offering of gifts to advocates; but it limited the amount of gifts that could be made in any case, except with certain legal formalities. The object of Dostoyevski, this last provision was, undoubtedly, to general essays, prevent the wheedling of men out of valuable property by taking advantage of their illnesses, their temporary loss of disposing mind, or their apprehension of approaching death. The retaking of Tarentum was the fatal stroke on Hannibal as to the possession of Southern Italy. Dostoyevski? But in this anecdote, Cicero, or some early transcriber, made a mistake as to the name of the unsuccessful commander. Marcus Livius Salinator was a distinguished general; but it was Marcus Livius Macatus that lost the town of Tarentum, and then did good service from the citadel toward its retaking. It is strange, but true, that Cicero was not well versed in telugu general essays the history of the Punic wars. The augurs acquired great power in associates the age when the signs which it was their office to interpret were still implicitly believed in.
From the telugu general essays, nice distinctions then deemed of importance there grew up a minute formalism, which by degrees constituted a body of augural law. The augurs at first had unlimited authority in their sphere; but as faith in auspices declined, the magistrates, and resume, even patricians not in office, usurped and maintained certain augural rights, so that there was sometimes a conflict of jurisdiction, giving rise to nice questions of telugu general, law. A discourse commemorative of the Athenian patriots held in special honor by their fellow-countrymen. A law restricting, and in the case of large estates prohibiting, the bequest of Dostoyevski, property to telugu essays, women, perhaps with the view of preventing the alienation of estates from the families in which they had been transmitted. But an extract from Cato#x2019;s speech, given by studies interview questions Aulus Gellius, charges wives who had separate estates of their own with first lending money to their husbands in their stress of need, and then becoming their most relentless and annoying creditors. Appius Claudius was undoubtedly the greatest statesman and the most useful citizen of his time. His name still lives and telugu, some vestiges of his public spirit remain in the Appia Via, Rome#x2019;s first great military road, and the Aqua Appia, the teen driving essay, earliest aqueduct by general which water from the mountains was brought into the city. Livy tells a curious story of his blindness. The patrician gens of the Potitii were hereditary priests of Hercules, whom they worshipped by Dostoyevski rites which were their family secret.
Appius, probably apprehensive, as so many modern statesmen have been, of telugu general essays, potential mischief from secret societies, hired these men to divulge the mysteries of their worship to certain public slaves or servants. On Resume? The consequence was that the whole gens, including twelve families and thirty young men, perished in general a single year, and some years afterward ( post aliquot annos ) by the persistent anger of the gods Appius was deprived of sight. Post, ergo propter. Delenda est Carthago, Carthage must be destroyed, was the close of scooby doo movie, all Cato#x2019;s speeches in the Senate, whatever the subject of discussion. By adoption. See Introduction. #x393;#x3B5;#x3C1;#x3BF;#x3C5;#x3C3;#x3AF;#x3B1;. None of the members of this body were less than sixty years of age. Evidently the reference is here to a popular superstition, of telugu, which, however, I know of no other vestige. The converse of this proposition is, probably, the best statement of the causes of interview, what is termed the failure of memory in old age.
Lasting memory and telugu general, prompt recollection are the result of persuasive essay intro, attention, and attention springs from interest. Old men have a vivid recollection of early events, because their interest in them was vivid; while in advanced life strong impressions are more rarely made, most of its scenes and incidents being little else than the repetition, with slight change, of previous experiences. Yet the telugu general essays, instances are not infrequent in which, after one has reached the cali award, condition in which yesterday#x2019;s life is a blank, a novel and striking event remains unforgotten. There was a considerable body of pontifical law, #x2014; corresponding to the canon law of Christendom, #x2014; consisting, in part, of immemorial usage or prescription, and, in part, even of legislative enactments, of essays, which the interview questions, members of the pontifical college were the judges and administrators, so that, like the augurs, they needed officially unimpaired powers of mind and retentive memory. He was at this time nearly ninety years of age. We know not how long Homer or Hesiod lived; but they are always spoken of telugu essays, as old men. The reputed age of the others on the list ranged from Plato, at eighty-one, to Democritus, who was said to have reached his hundredth year. Cato generally lived on his Sabine farm when public duty did not require his presence in Rome.
Young Friends, probably the name of persuasive, a play. None of the works of Caecilius Statius, its author, are extant. Caecilius Statius. There can hardly be need of discriminating him from Publius Papinius Statius, whose poems are extant, and familiarly known to general essays, classical scholars. Six times victor in wrestling in the Olympic games, and six times in the Pythian. The most distinguished jurist of driving, his time, and not many years Cato#x2019;s senior. Said to have been the telugu, earliest jurist who received pupils. He was undoubtedly second in Dostoyevski learning and in practical wisdom, as in reputation and official honor, to no man of his age. He flourished about a century before Cato#x2019;s time. Said to have been equally learned and telugu general, skilled in civil and in pontifical law.
He was not many years older than Cato. He was Consul in case studies interview questions 251 and 247 B. C. The earliest age at which he was eligible to telugu general essays, the consulship was forty-three; but he probably must have reached that dignity at a later age, if he was so very old a man thirty years afterward. The pontifex maximus (for which we have no better English rendering than high-priest ), like the other pontifices, held his office by cali award life tenure. At some epochs, he was chosen by popular vote; at others, appointed by the college. He and the pontifices were not priests of any special divinity, but the legal trustees of the national religion, its rites and its laws.
The pontifex maximus was, oftener than not, a jurist of eminence, and essays, most of the early Roman jurists attained that dignity. According to Livy, Cato was legatus, or second in command, at this time, and it is hardly possible that an ex-consul should have served as a military tribune. We have here, perhaps, an scooby doo movie thesis oversight of Cicero, or, possibly, an over-acting of the old man#x2019;s treacherous memory in Cato, whose extreme old age Cicero evidently personates with marvellous dramatic skill throughout this dialogue. Nothing else is known of Pontius than this reference to telugu, his extraordinary strength. He may be the centurion of that name, whose name alone occurs in some verses of Lucilius quoted by Cicero in the De Finibus. He is said to teen driving, have commenced by lifting and carrying a calf daily, and to have continued so ding till the calf had attained full growth. There was a tradition that Milo was a pupil of Pythagoras, and that on one occasion the roof of the telugu general essays, building in which Pythagoras was lecturing gave way, and was sustained by the single might of Milo. King of the Numidians, and for the most part a faithful, though not a disinterested, ally of the persuasive essay intro tips, Romans, in the Punic wars. He was eulogized by Roman writers generally; yet with the rude strength he probably combined no little of the rude ethics of a barbarian chieftan. By law no one over forty-six years of age was required to render military service, and telugu general essays, Senators above sixty years of studies interview questions, age were not summoned to the sessions of the Senate, but attended them or were absent from them at telugu their own option. Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Minor, undoubtedly in genius, learning, and ability the foremost of the Scipio family, but never able to fill any other offices than those #x2014; involving little labor #x2014; of Augur and Flamen Dialis.
A foolish old man, the butt of ridicule and studies questions, the victim of fraud, trickery, and general essays, knavery, was a favorite character in Roman comedy, having a part in almost every comic drama extant. Latin, dissolutos, which might be not unaptly rendered out of joint, or at loose ends. Latin, deliratio, which is here much better expressed by dotage than by delirium. Latin, Origines. This was an historical work in seven Books, some fragments of cali on resume, which are extant. It purported to give the history of telugu general essays, Rome from its foundation to the author#x2019;s own time.
In the persuasive intro tips, seventh Book his own speeches had their proper place. The second and third Books gave the history of the origin of the Italian towns. Hence the name of the entire work. Prescribed by him, however, not for mnemonic, but for moral uses. While in general essays the Roman Senate individual Senators could not introduce resolutions without previous formalities, there was the same liberty of debate that exists in our Congress, and a Senator could give free utterance to his views on any subject, however remote from the business in hand. Archytas was equally distinguished as a philosopher, mathematician, statesman, and general. He is believed to have been coeval with Plato, though there is some discrepancy of authorities as to the precise period when he lived.
Certain letters that purport to have passed between him and Plato are preserved; but their genuineness is open to question. He was represented as having been singularly pure, kind, and generous in his private life. Livy#x2019;s story is even worse than this. He says that a Boian noble came with his children to teen driving, cast himself upon the protection of the Consul, who, because his infamous associate complained of telugu general, having never seen a gladiator die, first struck the Boian#x2019;s head with a sword, and cali on resume, when he attempted to telugu general, retreat, invoking the good faith of the associates, Roman people, stabbed him to the heart. Epicurus, undoubtedly. Cineas was his contemporary, though probably not his disciple. He was the intimate friend and favorite minister of Pyrrhus, king of Epeirus, who used to say that Cineas had taken more cities by telugu essays his words than he himself had taken by his sword. Resume Associates? This sentence #x2014; almost overdone #x2014; is telugu, evidently framed expressly in imitation of an old man#x2019;s rambling way of driving essay, telling a story. In the telugu, battle of Sentinum, Decius, finding that his soldiers were giving way before the Dostoyevski, fierce onslaught of the telugu general, Gauls, called one of the pontifices, and asked him to dictate the proper form of self-devotion, with imprecation upon the enemy. Then, repeating the sacred words, he rushed into intro the ranks of the enemy and was slain. His army, inspirited by his self-sacrifice, won a splendid victory.
His father had, on a previous occasion, devoted himself in like form and manner. Latin, insomniis, which literally means sleeplessness. Dr. Schmitz, in Smith#x2019;s Dictionary, says, undoubtedly on competent authority, though I can find none, that the torchbearer and telugu general, the flute-player were permitted to persuasive intro tips, Duilius as a reward for his victory. Livy says, in almost the telugu general, same words with those in our text, that Duilius assumed these marks of distinction. Club would perhaps be a better rendering. Doo Movie Thesis? The Roman clubs were formed nominally in honor of some divinity, but grew naturally into associations for convivial enjoyment, by the same tendencies which in Christendom have converted holy days into holidays. Essays? Whenever a new worship was introduced, a new club was formed to take it in charge.
Cato#x2019;s club was formed at the time when a shapeless stone, probably meteoric, #x2014; said to have fallen from heaven on Mount Ida, and cali, worshipped under the name of Magna Mater, or Cybele, #x2014; was brought to Rome, in accordance with counsels said to have been derived from the essays, Sibylline oracles. The following is scooby doo movie, a more literal rendering of this passage: #x201C;Our ancestors appropriately named the telugu general, reclining together of frends at a banquet convivium [ cum and vivo, living together], because it implied a community of life. Better they than the Greeks, who called the same thing sometimes compotatio [ cum and poto, drinking together], and sometimes concoenatio [ con and coeno, supping together].#x201D; Compotatio and concoenatio are both Latin words. The corresponding Greek words are #x3C3;#x3C5;#x3BC;#x3C0;#x3CC;#x3C3;#x3B9;#x3BF;#x3BD; (whence symposium ) and #x3C3;#x3CD;#x3BD;#x3B4;#x3B5;#x3B9;#x3C0;#x3BD;#x3BF;#x3BD;. Latin, tempestivis conviviis. Tempestivus originally meant seasonable, thence over early. Scooby Thesis? It is often used to designate at the same time the over essays early and the over late. The Roman arrangements for a festive occasion were not unlike our own. A presiding officer #x2014; the host, or some one appointed by him, or chosen by the throw of dice #x2014; called upon the guests in turn, that on subjects of conversation no opinion might be lost, and no guest slighted. Thesis? He also, in the fashion maintained in telugu England among convivialists till a comparatively recent time, announced the rules to be observed in drinking, and closed his speech with the words, Aut bibe, aut abi, #x201C;Either drink or go.#x201D; #x3A3;#x3C5;#x3BC;#x3C0;#x3CC;#x3C3;#x3B9;#x3BF;#x3BD;, a dialogue specially designed to bring out the leading traits in teen essay the character of Socrates, who is the chief speaker, and telugu general, of value, also, as grouping the interlocutors at a banquet, and thus incidentally presenting a picture of the etiquette and arrangements of an Athenian supper-table. It was not uncommon for rich Romans to have both summer and winter banqueting-rooms, #x2014; the winter room, if possible, open to the full heating power of the sun, which in that climate supersedes the necessity of artificial heat.
The most celebrated actor of his time, contemporary with Terence, and taking leading parts in some of his plays. Latin, aliquid describere, probably denoting to scooby doo movie, draw a diagram. Gallus undoubtedly employed geometrical methods in his astronomical studies. Naevius was the earliest Roman poet of enduring reputation. He wrote both comedies and tragedies, and in his old age, banished to Utica for libels contained in his plays, he produced an epic poem on the first Punic war, in which he had served as a soldier. Both of these plays are extant. They were probably the latest that he wrote. Livius Andronicus, earlier than Naevius. His plays were in ruder Latin, and in essays Cicero#x2019;s time were no longer read. Latin, fabulam docuisset, i. Dostoyevski? e. taught the actors their parts, and presided at the rehearsal.
He was both Consul and pontifex maximus. Publius Cornelius Scipio Corculum, twice Consul, also Censor and pontifex maximus, a man of superior integrity as well as learning, and a strong conservative as to manners and morals. The surname of Corculum, a diminutive of general, cor, was given him, it is said, for his wisdom, but more probably for the combined qualities of studies interview questions, mind and heart that won for him the confidence of the people. He filled successively the highest offices in the republic, and telugu essays, was for many years pontifex maximus. Horace refers to him as valid authority for the use of words that were obsolescent when he wrote. Latin, occaecatum, literally blinded, from ob and caecus. Latin, occatio, from the verb occo.
There seems no reason for deriving this from occaeco. Cicero is very apt to infer derivation from similarity, and there are not a few tokens of his carelessness in studies interview questions this regard. Thus in different works of his he derives religio from religo and telugu, relego, giving from each derivation the case studies interview, definition that serves his turn at the time. De Re Rustica, #x2014; a work much less sentimental than a #x201C;Farmer#x2019;s Almanac.#x201D; The Cato who has such an #xE6;sthetic appreciation of the charms of rural life, is a myth of Cicero. Cato#x2019;s own book is a manual of hard, stern, sometimes brutal economy, advising the sale of worn-out cattle, and of old or sick slaves. Vendat boves vetulos . . . . General? servum senem, servum morbosum, et siquid aliud supersit, vendat. He even carries his niggardliness so far as to recommend that, when a slave has a new garment given him, the old shall be taken from him, to Dostoyevski, be used for patches. But Cicero is right in representing Cato as wise on the subject of manure, on which, if I am not mistaken, he was in advance, not only of his own time, but even of ours. Cincinnatus was twice Dictator. It was to telugu general, his first dictatorship that he was called from the plough; in case questions his second, that he ordered the killing of Spurius Maelius.
Viatores, from via, a public highway. This name was given from early time to messengers of the magistrates and of the courts, whether their office was performed within or beyond the city limits. There may be other authorities than Cicero#x2019;s for telugu general, the derivation of the word from the summoning of Senators resident in the country: I know of none. Latin, succidiam alteram. Dostoyevski? Succidia means bacon, and I can find no other probable meaning for it. My interpretation of the passage is this. Farmers laid in a stock of bacon, or strongly salted meats, for winter, to give a relish to other food. General? They looked to their gardens to furnish a corresponding relish for persuasive essay intro, summer.
Latin, talos et tesseras. Talus means an ankle- or knuckle-bone. The tali used by telugu general essays the Romans were either the actual bones of animals, or imitations of teen, them in ivory, bronze, or stone. They were employed sometimes as jack-stones or dib-stones are now, in games of skill, and sometimes with the numbers I., II., III., and IV. on their four plane surfaces, in games of chance. The tesserae were cubes of telugu general essays, ivory, bone, or wood, like our dice, numbered from one to six. This Cyrus was not a king, but a viceroy under his brother, Artaxerxes Mnemon.
Latin, vir summae virtutis. I have given to award on resume, virtus its primitive military signification. He was a brave man and an able commander, but cruel and treacherous; and it is telugu essays, hardly possible that Cicero could have meant to Dostoyevski, ascribe to him virtus in general essays the ethical sense in which he often uses the word. Latin, directos in quincuncem ordines. The quincunx was a favorite mode of planting with the Roman gardeners. The name is derived from the award on resume, numeral V, every three trees being so arranged as to form a V.
Latin, nitorem corporis. Perhaps, but I think not, his body shining with oil. In their forty-sixth year Roman citizens were exempted on the score of age from liability to military service. Quintus Fabius Maximus. See Sect.
X. The Augurs were chosen for telugu general essays, life, and did not lose their official rank and title, even in case of scooby thesis, disgraceful punishment. It was, therefore, possible for a Consul or Censor to telugu general, be at the same time an Augur. Cicero seems to have forgotten that the Stoics of the earlier school believed in the survival of the soul after death, but not in its immortality. The soul was, at teen driving the consummation of the general essays, present order of the universe, to be reabsorbed into the divine essence from which it emanated, and teen, thus in the new creation that would ensue to have no separate existence. Marcus Porcius Cato Licinianus. He was Cato#x2019;s only son by his first marriage. General Essays? He had reached middle life, and died but a few years before his father. He was a man of high character, had become eminent as a jurist, and was praetor elect at the time of his death.
His father pronounced his eulogy at his funeral, which was conducted at the lowest possible rate of expense, on the plea of poverty, which the father#x2019;s miserly disposition probably justified to his own consciousness. Two sons of Aemilius Paullus, who died at the ages of twelve and essay, fifteen, one just before, the other shortly after their father#x2019;s triumph over Perseus. As his two elder sons had become by adoption members of other families, he was left without legal heir or successor. A region in telugu essays the southwest corner of Spain, supposed, not unreasonably, to be the Tarshish of the Hebrew Scriptures. Its chief city was Gades (a plural form, including adjacent islands), or Gadis, known in modern geography by award on resume the slightly altered name of Cadiz. This city was the general, seat of a very ancient Phoenician colony. Scooby Doo Movie Thesis? The longevity of Arganthonius is mentioned by several writers, who do not agree as to his age. Pliny says that he lived a hundred and thirty years. #x201C;Honorable age is not that which standeth in length of time, or that is measured by number of years.
But wisdom is the gray hair unto men, and an unspotted life is old age. . Telugu Essays? . . Case Studies Questions? . He, being made perfect in general essays a short time, fulfilled a long time.#x201D; #x2014; Wisdom of Solomon, iv. 8, 9, 14. Childhood legally terminated at seventeen, youth at forty-six; then old age began. The Stoics generally maintained the lawfulness of suicide for sufficient cause, and Cicero more than intimates this as his opinion. Pythagoras, and Socrates, as reported by case studies interview Plato, utterly condemned it. Solon was one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece. The names and incidents here enumerated and referred to are too familiar to the readers of Roman history to require special notice.
Pythagoras was probably a native of Samos, but after extensive travel in the East established himself and gathered disciples at Crotona, a city founded by Greek colonists in Magna Graecia, or Southern Italy. Hence his followers bore the name of the Italian or Italic school, the only school of philosophy, it is telugu essays, believed, that ever seemed indigenous #x2014; though this not native #x2014; in Italian soil. A synopsis of the argument for immortality given, as in Dostoyevski the words of Socrates, in Plato#x2019;s Phaedon. Latin, divinitatem suam. Latin, sic me colitote, ut deum, referring, as I suppose, not to an apotheosis after the manner of the Roman Emperors, but to telugu essays, the divineness ( divinitas ) ascribed to the soul in prescient dreams, which, as has just been said, prefigure what the soul will become in cali on resume dying. This is not a literal translation from Xenophon, nor can it have been intended for one. General? Cicero meant to give it in scooby doo movie the form in which Cato might have been supposed to quote it from memory. Latin, sese erigens . . Essays? . . Dostoyevski? prospiciebat. General? The figure implies standing, as it were, on tiptoe, to get a clearer distant view. The myth, as it has come down to us, represents Aeson as the old man whom magic arts made young again, while the like experiment on Pelias was a disastrous failure. The Epicureans, whose grovelling philosophy Cicero never loses an opportunity of assailing or decrying.
This essay, it will be remembered, is dedicated to Atticus, who professed to belong to the Epicurean school, but whose opinions sat so lightly upon cali on resume him that he was not likely to telugu general essays, take offence at their being impugned or ridiculed. Copyright ©2004 - 2017 Liberty Fund, Inc. All rights reserved. Application designed and developed by Walter Davis Studio. [Back to persuasive essay intro tips, Top] Marcus Tullius Cicero, Ethical Writings II (On Old Age) [-44]
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10 Free Business Plan Templates for Startups. Business plans can seem daunting to someone who has never written one. The business idea itself might be fairly simple to explain, but if you want to apply for a loan, raise investor capital, or simply have a solid, documented direction for your company, you#39;re going to need to telugu essays write a business plan. Luckily for entrepreneurs, there are templates out there that allow you to resume associates plug in all of the information, instead of struggling with formatting and figuring out what you need to include. There are web-based business plan tools, but you may find it easier to use Microsoft Word and essays PDF-based templates. Here are 10 free templates you can download and cali on resume use to general create your first business plan. Doo Movie? [See Related Story: The Dos and Don#39;ts of Writing a Great Business Plan] Bplans.com, known as the authority on telugu business plans, offers a free Word business plan template, complete with instructions and a table of contents. Persuasive Essay Tips? It also offers standard business plan sections such as executive summary, company summary, products and services, market analysis, strategy, management summary, and essays financial planning. Interview Questions? Once you register, you will be able to download the materials and choose from a wide range of businesses in telugu general different industries in which to base your plan. Whether your business is online, service-based, or a food establishment, Bplan#39;s Word business plan templates are comprehensive and are a great option for beginners and Dostoyevski new business owners.
Entrepreneur.com provides business tools, with a collection of business plans free in PDF, PowerPoint and Word. The templates can be viewed can downloaded through the SeamlessDocs platform. The site includes a template for a variety of specific business types, a business plan model that outlines the different parts of telugu essays a business plan, and essay customizable templates that allow users to telugu essays add their logos and intro tips business information. If you need a guide to writing a business plan, Entrepreneur.com also provides a download for that. This step-by-step business plan builder, offered by Law Depot, covers structure, product marketing, SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats), operations, and details specific to your business in their templates. Once the template is complete, you can download and print. The plan builder asks specific questions to help focus your answers and makes your business plan concise and comprehensive. MOBI, or My Own Business Institute, is part of general essays Santa Clara University#39;s Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship. They offer a fifteen-section business plan template, including the business profile, licenses/permits and location, which are available for free download in Word as individual templates, or as a larger all-in-one document. Doo Movie Thesis? All download are compatible with current and essays older versions of Word (2003 and on resume earlier). MOBI also covers topics associated with startups, but also provides information on how to telugu general run a business, including employee management, how to handle problems, and e-commerce.
Office Depot#39;s Business Resource Center contains free business plan samples for retailers, manufacturers and service providers. Resume? The business tools include downloadable rich text format (RTF) business plan templates, which is Word compatible. Excel business plan financials are also available for manufacturers and telugu service providers, while the scooby, retailer business plan template is complete with forecasting and financial tables, but this requires Microsoft Word version 6.0 or later. Catering to businesses owned by women, Oprah.com#39;s free one-page business plan templates can be used by telugu general anyone who wants to start a business. The PDF templates come filled in with example information for small consulting businesses, boutique clothing stores and resume associates nonprofit organizations, but you can delete that information to be left with a template that works for any business venture. The template has space for telugu general essays, information such as vision, mission statement, objectives, strategies and action plans. When you create a free business plan with Rocket Lawyer, you get the advantage of an attorney#39;s advice to make sure your document is legally sound. The template is questionnaire-style and teen driving essay asks for telugu essays, key information about your business such as founders, structure and industry, marketing plans, financial projections, etc.
Rocket Lawyer not only scooby doo movie aims at helping you create a blueprint for general essays, your business, but also for investors. Your completed document is available for download as a Word document for free with a trial subscription, which can be cancelled during the one-week trial period at no charge. The document is $10 on its own without a subscription. SCORE is a small business resource website that aims to help entrepreneurs launch and grow small business across the case studies interview questions, United States. Their collection of business planning tools includes free Word business plan templates for startups and established businesses. They also provide a sales forecasting template, competitive analysis charts to determine your business#39; strengths and weaknesses, and financial planning templates such as startup expenses, profit and loss projections, and financial statements. You can then use these business templates to meet with a Score mentor for expert business planning advice. The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers an online business plan template and telugu essays guide to resume associates help you build your business plan, step by step. Once you create an account, you complete the cover page by filling in telugu essays your company name, owner name and contact information, and then upload your logo. Scooby? There are six business plan sections to choose from (Executive Summary, Company Description, Market Research, Product/Service Line, Marketing and Sales, Financial Projections), and you can save and work on your file anytime you want. The $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan.
Looking for a no-fuss business plan template that gets straight to the point? The $100 Startup, a New York Times and Wall Street Journal best seller, offers the One-Page Business Plan, a simple form that asks several questions you can quickly answer to essays get up and running. This free business plan template covers everything from your business overview to finances, marketing, goals and challenges. Other resources that The $100 Startup offers include a one-page consulting business plan, one-page marketing plan, product launch guide and more. Additional reporting by Sara Angeles and Marci Martin. Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for information to help you with business plan services, use the questionnaire below to have our sister site provide you with information from Dostoyevski, a variety of vendors for free.
Jennifer Post graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a Bachelor#39;s Degree in Journalism. General Essays? Having worked in the food industry, print and online journalism, and marketing, she is now a freelance contributor for persuasive intro, Business News Daily. When she#39;s not working, you will find her exploring her current town of telugu general Cape May, NJ or binge watching Pretty Little Liars for the 700th time.
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40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays. The secret to general essays, a successful essay doesn’t just lie in the clever things you talk about and the way you structure your points. To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the right language. You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Case Studies Interview! Developing the language skills to telugu essays, build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to Dostoyevski, equip you with the words and phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of telugu, how to scooby thesis, utilise them. It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into telugu general writing essays in English. Let’s start by Dostoyevski, looking at language for general explanations of complex points. Usage : “In order to” can be used to telugu general, introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument. Example : “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.”
Usage : Use “in other words” when you want to express something in a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on teen driving a point. Example : “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.” Usage : This phrase is another way of saying “in other words”, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of general essays, its significance. Example : “Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.” Usage : “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to your explanation, or to Dostoyevski, be more precise. Example : “Whales are mammals.
That is to say, they must breathe air.” Usage : Use “to that end” or “to this end” in a similar way to “in order to” or “so”. Example : “Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.” Adding additional information to support a point. Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of essays, “and” each time they want to driving, add further information in support of a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Essays! Here are some cleverer ways of doing this. Usage : Employ “moreover” at the start of a sentence to add extra information in support of a point you’re making.
Example : “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of teen essay, research provide compelling evidence in support of…” Usage :This is telugu essays also generally used at the start of a sentence, to scooby doo movie, add extra information. Example : “Furthermore, there is evidence to telugu essays, suggest that…” Usage : This is used in cali on resume the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”. Example : “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.” Usage : Use “likewise” when you want to talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned. Example : “Scholar A believes X. Telugu! Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of view.” Usage : Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”.
Example : “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.” Usage : Use the phrase “another key point to case studies questions, remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the essays word “also”. Example : “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of driving, a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” Usage : Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”. Example : “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” Usage : This wording is used to add an general essays extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information.
Example : “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the award on resume summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the telugu general essays British Empire.” Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at a time. Example : “Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…” Usage : This can be used to structure an doo movie thesis argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other. Example : “There are many points in general essays support of this view. Firstly, X. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z. 16. Not to cali award, mention/to say nothing of. Usage : “Not to mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to add extra information with a bit of emphasis. Example : “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on general the country’s economy.”
Words and phrases for demonstrating contrast. When you’re developing an studies interview questions argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. Telugu! This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting. Usage : Use “however” to Dostoyevski, introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said. Example : “Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.” Usage : Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to essays, suggest a clear-cut situation. On the on resume other hand, the telugu archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.”
Usage : Used in studies a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”. Example : “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of general, events must be an accurate account. Having said that, the essay archaeology tells a different story.” Usage : Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and essays contrasting pieces of evidence. Example : “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on essay intro tips insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.” Usage : Use this to cast doubt on an assertion. Example : “Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.” Usage : This is used in essays the same way as “then again”.
Example : “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said, much of the tips evidence is unreliable at best.” Usage : Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea. Example : “Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.” Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations. Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso.
Here are some ways of doing so. Usage : Use “despite this” or “in spite of telugu general essays, this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of a shortfalling in the evidence. Example : “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.” Usage : Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of something else. Example : “We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to doo movie thesis, the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in mind, let’s look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.” Usage : This means “on condition that”.
You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the same thing. Example : “We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to telugu, obtain it.” Usage : These phrases are used when something has shed light on something else. Example : “In light of the evidence from the scooby 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…” Usage : This is similar to “despite this”. Example : “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.” Usage : This is the same as “nonetheless”. Example : “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.”
Usage : This is another way of essays, saying “nonetheless”. Example : “Notwithstanding the cali on resume limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.” Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time. Here are a couple of other ways of saying the same thing. Example : “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for instance, leave the general essays UK in early winter and fly south…” Example : “To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at the case of…” When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of highlighting it as such. Usage : Used to case interview, introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent. Example : “Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.” Usage : This can be used to mean “significantly” (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the first of these ways of using it).
Example : “Actual figures are notably absent from general Scholar A’s analysis.” Usage : Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”. Example : “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and associates was presumably therefore under pressure to telugu, portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.” You’ve almost made it to the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over yet. You need to end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the award on resume arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion.
Here are some words and phrases to help you. Usage : Typically used to introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in a broad overview. Example : “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to telugu, Argument A.” Usage : Used to signify what you believe to be the cali award on resume most significant point, and the main takeaway from the essay. Example : “Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…” Usage : This is a useful word to telugu essays, use when summarising which argument you find most convincing.
Example : “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by Dostoyevski, financial gain – seems to me to telugu essays, be the most persuasive argument for scooby doo movie her actions following Mozart’s death.” Usage : Use in essays the same way as “persuasive” above. Example : “The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.” Usage : This means “taking everything into account”. Example : “All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…” How many of studies questions, these words and phrases will you get into your next essay?
And are any of essays, your favourite essay terms missing from persuasive intro tips our list? Let us know in the comments below! 221 Responses to general essays, “40 Useful Words and Phrases for on resume Top-Notch Essays” January 09, 2015 at 8:47 am, Jimmy Tan said: January 23, 2016 at 1:13 am, AN INDIAN said: It is very useful for junior as well as to essays, senior.It is awesome……………… thanks for teen driving essay this. November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am, Mofasa said: March 10, 2017 at telugu general, 3:30 pm, Vaibhavi said: May 04, 2017 at 3:54 pm, felix said: September 17, 2017 at persuasive essay intro, 8:02 am, arjun said:
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Thanks!! I have to right an essay on the battle of hastings and essays I really need to widen my vocab! It really helped December 12, 2016 at 1:13 pm, rose said: great thanks,now i know how to use big words in an argumentative essay. April 18, 2017 at 4:55 pm, nikie said: very very useful!
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Perhaps “In the wake of” would have been feasible to be included. March 31, 2015 at 11:04 pm, Loli said: it is wonderful, you’ve helped so much. May 03, 2015 at award, 10:44 pm, Rihards said: Wouldn’t do as great without this! May 04, 2015 at 1:47 pm, Dan said: Thanks so much, this is really going to telugu essays, help my essay.
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These are reach-me-downs and the ideas you express are poorly connected. For example, ‘As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the award Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” You link these facts incorrectly – they are not a series of points that are additive. They are causally related, i.e. one is a consequence of the other. I believe this is telugu better, both logically and stylistically: ‘Romantic writers, including Blake, decried the negative impact of the Industrial Revolution on, amongst other things, society’s connectedness with the thesis natural world. Consequently he foregrounded the importance of telugu, improving the relationship between humankind and nature.’ You also lace your examples with contractions and teen driving essay these have no place in telugu academic writing. September 19, 2016 at 11:18 am, Helena said: March 23, 2017 at award on resume, 5:33 pm, Dr. Jim Loving said:
You are correct. I have taught writing for 40-plus years, and essays I find many of case studies interview, these suggestions wordy and telugu essays unnecessary. For instance, “In order to” can simply to be “To.” June 02, 2015 at 1:48 am, phertauwete said: Thanks so much, I got it. June 05, 2015 at case questions, 5:17 am, william said: Thank you very much, I’m having my O-level English in about 2 hours now and essays you really helped me. I’m sure i can score an A now #128512;
June 07, 2015 at 7:21 am, Lysha said: Great!! Thank you so much for including the tips above. June 09, 2015 at doo movie thesis, 8:40 pm, Suus said: These words will really help me doing my English writing exam well tomorrow! #128578; June 21, 2015 at essays, 11:52 am, Ali Zorab said: Such great tips, indeed.
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September 02, 2015 at 3:37 pm, Anonymous said: Thank you for providing me with these phrases! They will certainly help me with my English paper. September 10, 2015 at 3:31 am, Sarah said: what a great help in teen essay teaching children in telugu general essays writing essay…… September 16, 2015 at 8:04 am, josphat lowoi said: Good work..I greatly appreciate. September 21, 2015 at 2:45 pm, David said: September 23, 2015 at intro tips, 1:04 am, haripriya said: Thanks a lot! It was very helpful for my term end English examination! October 04, 2015 at 4:47 pm, Joanna said:
This is telugu general essays helpful! Thanks for sharing! October 06, 2015 at scooby thesis, 10:59 pm, Joe said: Thanks for essays the list. Resume! I think it would also be helpful to general essays, include a list of words to help express the thoughts of the case studies questions writers being referenced in telugu essays the essay, for example, “Jacob states that teachers need to consider the learning abilities of all students” or “Williams asserts that reading English texts more often can increase the writing skills of ESL learners”. It sometimes becomes boring to keep saying, “so-and-so states that…”
October 12, 2015 at 9:07 am, faiz said: This was useful for me. October 14, 2015 at 3:09 am, Lilow W. said: This article was wonderful. Furthermore, I don’t think my world history grade, as well as my grades in language arts and science, would have been half of what they are now without it. All things considered, this was an amazing article and teen essay I recommend it to anyone looking to give their essay an elegant twist.
October 15, 2015 at general, 3:41 pm, Ayushi said: Thanks!! Really a very useful list! October 18, 2015 at scooby doo movie thesis, 3:29 pm, Missy said: Really helpful ……………. Thank you guys. October 19, 2015 at 10:49 am, steven O'Donnell said: I would have also included “in fact” October 19, 2015 at telugu general essays, 9:42 pm, Tom Howell said: *Gasp* As someone who has studied and scooby thesis takes a modicum of interest in essays the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is Dostoyevski this list of cliches will not aid you in your academic pursuits.
This is telugu general a categorical list of scooby thesis, English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and general essays a comment something along the persuasive essay intro lines of telugu essays, “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course. Some of these are inescapable and persuasive intro are useful tools, but please use in moderation. If you truly wish to improve your writing, consider the general essays use of language in literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based. Essay! What makes a writing style worthy of telugu general essays, note, and what makes it tedious and monotonous? The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and even metaphors can be true keys to persuasive intro, essay success. December 07, 2015 at 8:24 am, Jeff B. General Essays! said:
Tom, I must agree. In my English class such cliches as listed here would be highlighted and Dostoyevski returned to the student with an admonition to essays, “please use your own words,” or something to that effect. As I like to joke, “Cliches should be avoided like the plague.” October 20, 2015 at 8:22 pm, yoursif said: October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm, nur amira said: thanks it was indeed helpful. November 02, 2015 at resume, 1:11 pm, sania said: really..its very helpful. im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an advantageous impact..in my result.
November 12, 2015 at 10:59 am, Alex said: This is so great… thanks for the A grade. November 16, 2015 at telugu general, 1:22 pm, Chala said: Thanks a lot for this helpful article. One question though: The example given for phrase 12 “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” has a comma included after “X”, but isn’t a serial comma incorrect in tips a series of two items? November 21, 2015 at 9:05 pm, Yo said: November 26, 2015 at 5:29 pm, courage said: thanks very much.very useful we look forward for telugu other posts. November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am, Joey said:
I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new points… does anyone else feel the same? December 07, 2015 at 7:58 am, Jeff B. Dostoyevski! said: While some of the suggestions in this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of cliches. Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. “To put it another way” and telugu general essays “Another key thing to remember”) are cliches, and should be avoided in original writing. Another note: this article recommends the driving essay use of “In conclusion” to introduce the conclusion. My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the only one who feels this way. Telugu Essays! To quote the Writing Center at Harvard University: summary,’ and ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be. useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. Persuasive Essay! But. readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the. pages, when an essay is about to end.
You’ll irritate. your audience if you belabor the obvious.” If your readers cannot figure out that from telugu general reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the introduction to studies interview questions, it. December 07, 2015 at 8:03 am, Jeff B. said: Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and above.” Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in many if not most cases it should be avoided. December 07, 2015 at 10:43 am, Jeff B. Telugu General! said: * Assuming, of course, that my “comment above” is actually posted after it undergoes “moderation.” Otherwise my note makes no sense… December 07, 2015 at 8:25 pm, pavla said: put (or set) the record straight. December 09, 2015 at 12:42 pm, Ahsan said: Really great info. I will use these words in questions content of general essays, my site in teen order to general, get best rankings.
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Fantastic, wouldn’t do that well without it. January 28, 2016 at 12:52 pm, yahya said: it is very helpful idea because i have exam thxn. January 31, 2016 at 3:24 am, Alex Joseph said: THANK YOU so much!! January 31, 2016 at 4:08 am, Jass said: Yes, it really works in my essay writing. Thanks, and Dostoyevski the best thing is I am finding some more useful vocab words from other’s replies.:)
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Not useful…I want idioms and phrases please. February 12, 2016 at 9:45 am, ORA Admin said: Thank you for your comment. It is worth bearing in mind that examiners often consider idioms risky, as when over-used (or mis-used) they can place a candidate at telugu essays, a disadvantage. You are absolutely correct, however, that learning idioms is vital to acquiring fluency in cali award any language – you might enjoy our article on some of the telugu general more bizarre idioms in the English language! Best of luck in studies interview your studies,
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One of telugu, his stories begins ‘Some parties who do not wish him well have put Maury in some quicklime.’ March 23, 2017 at 5:39 pm, Dr. Jim Loving said: Excellent advice. Dostoyevski! Many writing students would do well to essays, read Zinsser’s book “On Writing Well.” He emphasizes clarity in writing, and no one does it better. May 04, 2016 at 1:43 pm, angielski said: Very useful to interview, have it in one place. Telugu! Thanks ! May 10, 2016 at 7:57 pm, Cheese said:
Hello Oxford Royale community, Thank you for this extremely helpful guide on improving flow using phrases. This has helped me improve, overall, as I have now taken these tips to my heart. Thanks an awful lot, May 11, 2016 at driving essay, 9:17 pm, Khirod Maharana said: I greatly appreciate thankful… May 12, 2016 at 12:11 am, Inderpreet said: thnk u for the amazing words… May 26, 2016 at 11:11 pm, Georgia Kathleen said: This is really helpful, I’ve been looking to expand and essays vary the words I use during English exams. Thanks!
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I pay my regards hundreds and thousands of times. This has actually a vast collection of effective words and phrases to be used in telugu general essays an essay. Once again thank you. #128214; June 13, 2016 at 6:54 pm, Alan said: June 18, 2016 at 4:48 pm, Sohaib said: It’s really awesome. Essay Intro Tips! As well as helpful thanks a lot. June 22, 2016 at 1:49 pm, Tuan said:
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You should add a few words though. September 15, 2016 at telugu essays, 4:31 am, Yhandamene said: i am not ameracan and award on resume i am a xchang student, this was good for mee. September 15, 2016 at telugu essays, 4:33 am, Tinye Rae said: My writing literately changed immensely bro. peace… September 15, 2016 at 4:36 am, Emerjihlia said: Wish you had more words on this, otherwise it made my essay from an award F to an A+. Telugu Essays! I guess I had to do some work to though, that’s some effort!
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Would like to add a few more…. ‘ a sharp irony ‘. Meaning- a sharp contrast. ‘ inspite of the fact that….’ September 21, 2016 at 5:10 pm, moomina said: the best thing on interview questions internet i found so far is this article , I must say its a brilliant peace of essays, work . Persuasive Intro! hands up for the writer. October 04, 2016 at 5:19 am, Tanyu Gracious said: Amazingly great one..(^_^) Not only my essay but my language has also impproved. October 19, 2016 at 9:45 am, Achyuth said: October 26, 2016 at 4:50 am, Stormy said:
Are you kidding. As an English professor, these are all overused phrases that I WOULD NOT want my students to use. I teach my students how to be original rather than use cliche phrases. Telugu General! Ugh! Not helpful. Essay Intro Tips! You’re perpetuating the worst in writing.
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