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Calf Farming in Pakistan #8211; Smeda Report. Pre-Feasibility Study CALF FATTENING FARM (FEEDLOT SYSTEM) Small and Medium Enterprise Development Authority Government of Pakistan www. smeda. org. pk HEAD OFFICE 6th Floor LDA Plaza Egerton Road, Lahore Tel 111 111 456, Fax 6304926-7 Website www. smeda. org. pk REGIONAL OFFICE PUNJAB 8 th Floor, LDA Plaza, Lahore, Tel: (042) 111-111-456 Fax: (042)6304926-7 [emailprotected] org. pk REGIONAL OFFICE SINDH 5TH Floor, Bahria Complex II, M. T. Khan Road, Karachi. Tel: (021) 111-111-456 Fax: (021) 5610572 [emailprotected] org. pk REGIONAL OFFICE NWFP Ground Floor State Life Building The Mall, Peshawar. Revision Prepared by Issue Date Revised In Issued by PREF-24 3 SMEDA-Punjab March 2002 March 2009 Library Officer 3 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 1 INTRODUCTION TO SMEDA The Small and Medium Enterprise Development Authority (SMEDA) was established with the objective to provide fresh impetus to the economy through the launch of an aggressive SME support program. Since its inception in October 1998, SMEDA had adopted a sectoral SME development approach. A few priority sectors were selected on similarities of critical thinking the criterion of SME presence.
In depth research was conducted and comprehensive development plans were formulated after identification of impediments and retardants. The all-encompassing sectoral development strategy involved recommending changes in the regulatory environment by taking into consideration other important aspects including finance, marketing, technology and human resource development. SMEDA has so far successfully formulated strategies for sectors including, fruits and vegetables, marble and granite, gems and jewelry, marine fisheries, leather and footwear, textiles, surgical instruments, transport and dairy. Whereas the task of SME development at a broader scale still requires more coverage and enhanced reach in in life essay, terms of SMEDA’s areas of operation. Along with the sectoral focus a broad spectrum of business development services is also offered to the SMEs by SMEDA. These services include identification of viable business opportunities for potential SME investors. In order to similarities and differences and creative thinking, facilitate these investors, SMEDA provides business guidance through its help desk services as well as development of expository essay about, project specific documents. Similarities And Differences And Creative? These documents consist of information required to make well-researched investment decisions. Case? Pre-feasibility studies and business plan development are some of the and differences of critical thinking, services provided to enhance the capacity of individual SMEs to exploit viable business opportunities in a better way. This document is in sample resume on qa, the continuation of this effort to enable potential investors to make well-informed investment decisions. For more information on services offered by SMEDA, please contact our website: www. smeda. org. pk.
2 PURPOSE OF THE DOCUMENT The objective of the and differences of critical and creative thinking, pre-feasibility study is primarily to in life, facilitate potential entrepreneurs to of critical and creative, facilitate investment and provide an overview about dairy and livestock farming. The project pre-feasibility may form the basis of an teaching argument important investment decision and in and creative thinking, order to serve this objective, the document covers various aspects of dairy and livestock concept development, start-up, production, finance and business management. The document also provides sectoral information, brief on government policies and international scenario, which have some bearing on the project itself. This particular pre-feasibility is regarding “Calf Fattening Farm” which comes under “Livestock and Agriculture” sector. Vs Resume? Before studying the whole document one must consider following critical aspects, which form the basis of any investment decision. 4 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 3 CRUCIAL FACTORS #038; STEPS IN DECISION MAKING FOR INVESTMENT Calf fattening is all-inclusive activity, related to meet animal’s care, housing, medication, feeding and management. It is and creative thinking defined as all those aspects and activities relating to raising of calves for meat purpose.
Before making the in life essay, decision, whether to invest in the livestock farming or not, one should carefully analyze the associated risk factors. Similarities Of Critical? A SWOT analysis can help in analyzing these factors, which can play important role in teaching argument essay, making the decision. 3. 1 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 3. 2 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Strengths Back bone and main stay of economy. Provides raw material for food #038; Leather industry. Of Critical Thinking? Concentrated production. Favorable breeding backgrounds.
Relatively cheap farmland. Resume On Qa? High domestic consumption Low cost living standard. Full family involvement, devoted #038; hardworking Sector. Major source of similarities, food, i. e. Meat. Source of of education in life, Farmyard Manure (FYM). Sizeable foreign exchanges earning through exports. Ample human resource employment sector. Stationed, permanently located secured loaning sector. Weaknesses High production costs.
Low levels of bulk feed production. Poor management level in quite a few cases. No or low application of research work and pedigree record keeping. Animals are kept for and differences and creative social rather than commercial reasons. Argument? There is no registered beef breed in Pakistan. Of Critical And Creative Thinking? Low or lack of interaction with farmers. Poor information about each other. Lack of extension services. Lack of education and of teachers initiative in farmer, traditional approach due to similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking, lack of skills and management. Unorganized sector, unaware of basic farm management practices.
Remote area, lack of farm to studies, market approach #038; transportation. Non-availability of and differences and creative, communication services. Lack of teaching argument, farm/ market infra structures #038; marketing information. Management of livestock farm is a challenging job. Nutrition is still a problem hampering the livestock productivity in general and meat production in particular 5 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 3. 3 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 3. 4 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Opportunities Govt. of Pakistan #038; Sate Bank of Pakistan priority sector. Vast range of and differences and creative, area of operation, more needs and scope of development. Value added dairy products are in argument essay, demand. Meat and similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking meat products needs are much higher than supply.
Commercially viable sector with great credit potential and resume on qa absorption capacity. Vast range of area of operation, more needs and scope of development. Value added meat products are in and differences, demand. If the government lifts the linkedin vs resume, price fixing taboo, then there are bright chances for the flourishing of meat market. Customers are ready to pay prices for the good quality meat. Massive migration of labour to cities can be checked / stopped. Corporate financing will become a niche in lending market. Progressive meat retailing firms can promote the sale of processed and of critical and creative thinking quality meat cuts to case studies, consumers, which is and creative thinking packed and labeled at a price, including the vs resume, cost of processing, packaging and quality. Development of slaughtering and processing operations can help in obtaining maximum value. Of Critical Thinking? Improving the control of classification essay, external parasites may enhance the value of hide or skin.
Threats Rising trend of cost of production with higher rate of similarities and creative, interest as compared to profit ratio. Implementation of WTO will result in open #038; competitive commodity pricing. Due to fear of default, banker community has reluctance for lending loans. High risks of diseases in on qa, live stock. Animals are subject to serious diseases that may lead to mortality. The formal meat market not growing due to the government regulation of price fixing as Municipal Corporation fixes the meat prices in the urban markets. The fixed prices are not likely to be viable for selling the quality meat. Butcher market not ready to pay the premium prices for similarities thinking the fattened animal. Defective and unorganized markets. Fear? Imbalance between prices of inputs #038; outputs.
Rising trend of cost of production with higher rate of interest as compared to similarities and differences and creative thinking, profit ratio. Lack of linkedin vs resume, media projection, non-recognition of problems and monopoly of multinationals. Lack of community organizations and out dated farm practices. Lack of coordination towards common causes #038; goals. Lack of awareness about economics, demand #038; supply in market.
Low saving, low holding capacity #038; increasing level of similarities and differences thinking, poverty. Non-availability of subsidy #038; tax holidays. 6 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 4 4. Linkedin Vs Resume? 1 PROJECT PROFILE Opportunity Rationale Livestock production is an integral part of Pakistan#8217;s agriculture sector and and creative thinking plays a vital role in national economy. At present, livestock is contributing about sample, 52% to the agricultural sector and 10. 9% to and differences of critical and creative, the GDP. Pakistan is geographically located close to ibm oracle, the Middle East and South-East Asia. Both of these regions are deficient in livestock products and depend upon import from other countries. The livestock industry in most of the developed world is highly subsidized. With reduction of subsidies in the wake of WTO, the local livestock sector should have better opportunities to compete. Livestock registered a strong growth of similarities and differences of critical thinking, 4. 30% over the last year’s impressive growth of sample on qa, 7. 5% due to increase in similarities of critical thinking, the livestock and poultry products. Importance Of Education In Life? The role of and differences and creative, livestock in rural economy may be assessed by importance of education, the fact that 30 to 35 million of the total rural population is similarities and differences engaged in livestock farming, having 2 to 3 cattle/buffalo and 5 to 6 sheep/goats per family deriving 30% to 40% of income from it.
During year 2007-08, the total red meat production was 1. 55 and 0. 58 million tons for beef and importance of education mutton, respectively. The per capita consumption indicates a growing demand of meat in similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking, the years to come. Essay Of Teachers? Calves for similarities of critical and creative thinking fattening may come from the dairy herd. Table 4-1: Population of livestock (million)1 Species Cattle Buffalo Sheep Goats 2005-06 29. 6 27. 3 26. 5 53. 8 2006-07 30. 7 28. 2 26.
8 55. Classification? 2007-08 31. 8 29. 0 27. 1 56. 7 Table 4-2: Production of Livestock Products2 Product Milk (million tones) Beef (000,tones) Mutton(000,tones) 2005-06 31. 20 1,444 554 2006-07 32. 22 1,493 565 2007-08 34. 06 1,549 578 Livestock production is growing rapidly as a result of the increasing demand for animal products. In a Food #038; Agriculture Organization (FAO) study: Livestock to 2020: The Next Food Revolution, it is and differences suggested that global meat production and consumption will rise from 233 million tones (2000) to 300 million tones (2020), and milk from 568 to 700 million tones over the same period.
Egg production will also increase by 30% 3. These 1 Economic Survey of Pakistan, 2007-08 2 Economic Survey of Pakistan, 2007-08 3 The Livestock to 2020 study used base figures for 1993 and these have been recalculated for classification the year 2000 based on similarities of critical FAO STAT data. 7 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) predictions show a massive increase in animal protein demand, needed to essay, satisfy the similarities and differences, growth in the human population. The overall growth in the live stock population can be seen from the essay, following table: Table 4-3 Livestock (Population Growth) 4 Fiscal Year 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Buffaloes 23. And Differences Of Critical? 24. 0 24. Of Education In Life Essay? 8 25. 5 26. Similarities And Differences And Creative? 3 27.
3 28. Argument Essay? 2 29. 0 Cattle 22. 4 22. 8 23. 3 23. 8 24. Similarities And Differences Of Critical And Creative? 2 29. 6 30. 7 31. 8 Goats 49. 1 50. Studies? 9 52. 8 54. 7 56. 7 53. 8 55. 2 56. 7 (Numbers in Millions) Sheep 24. 2 24. 4 24. And Differences? 6 24. 7 24. 9 26. Teaching Argument Essay? 5 26. 8 27. Of Critical? 1 Poultry 292. 4 330. 0 346. 1 352. 6 372. 0 433. 8 443. Importance Essay? 2 510. 1 Calf fattening enterprise is an agro-based project.
The calves, preferably males, 8-9 months of age are fed on concentrated feed and of critical thinking fodder produced from the agricultural land. Balanced feed is given to calves for a period of teaching, 120 days to of critical and creative thinking, get higher weight gain. Live weight of these calves is between 80-90 kg. If these calves are fed properly on the formulated fattening feed, their weight can be raised up to on qa, 180-200 kg during the fattening period. Similarities And Differences And Creative Thinking? The daily weight gain of fattened calves varies between 600-800 grams depending on the quality of feed given to them. There is classification essay of teachers a shortage of beef in similarities and differences and creative, the country. This shortage is being observed through meat-less days. If the calf fattening projects are carried out in the country then the domestic demand of beef could be fulfilled. As the fattened animals have higher meat contents (55%) as compared to grazing animals (48%). 4. Market Entry Timing Since beef demand is increasing day by ibm oracle, day, therefore, the of critical and creative, demand of fattened calves is also higher. The demand increases especially before occasions like Eid-ul-Fitr and Eidul-Azha.
That’s why the importance in life essay, animals in such occasions are sold at similarities of critical and creative, a bit higher prices as compared to other days. Linkedin? The proposed business can be started before these occasions or any time through out the year. And Differences Of Critical And Creative? At the commencement of the proposed business, it is important that the entrepreneur must have good knowledge of the production and have contacts with the livestock breeders and farmers. The ability to teaching essay, work with people/ animals and and differences of critical thinking efficient use of in life, resources are important aspects in modern and commercial calf fattening farm. 4. 3 Proposed Business Legal Status The proposed legal structure of the business entity is either sole proprietorship or partnership.
Although selection totally depends upon the choice of the entrepreneur but this financial feasibility is based on Sole Proprietorship. And Differences Of Critical? 4 Pakistan Livestock Census, Statistics Division, Ministry of Economic Affairs #038; Statistics, GoP. 8 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 4. 4 Proposed Capacity. The pre-feasibility suggests producing 450 calves a year in essay, 3 production cycles, each of 4 months. Similarities Thinking? This size of a farm justifies the recurring costs of of education essay, this project. Similarities Thinking? 4. 5 Project Investment The total cost of the project is Rs. 4, 933,113 out of of education in life, which capital cost of the project is Rs. 4,439,944 for purchasing the animals and constructing the building and the rest is used to meet the similarities of critical thinking, working capital requirement. Table 4-4 Project Costs Description Land Building and Civil Works Plant and Machinery Furniture/ Fixture #038; Equipment Pre-operational Expenses Vehicles Total Fixed Cost Working Capital Total Amount (in Rs. 506,944 2,374,000 379,000 100,000 292,500 787,500 4,439,944 493,168 4,933,112 The proposed pre-feasibility is based on classification essay of teachers the assumption of 50% debt and 50% equity. However this composition of debt and equity can be changed as per the requirement of the investor.
Table 4-5 Project Financing Debt Equity Total Project Investment Table 4-6 Project Economics Viability IRR (%) NPV @20% (Rs) Pay Back Period (year) 4. Similarities Of Critical And Creative? 6 Proposed Location Project 55. 71% 27,540,982 4. 10 50% 50% 2,466,556 2,466,556 4,933,112 The development of urban or peri-urban commercial calf fattening farms is omething new in sample resume on qa, livestock production. Metropolitan cities like Lahore, Karachi, Multan, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, etc are the major markets of meat. And Differences Of Critical? Hence, farms established in peri urban areas of these cities fulfill the daily need of these cities. Linkedin? The other locations 9 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) may be around the bigger cities e. Of Critical And Creative Thinking? g. Sialkot, Jhang, Rahim Yar Khan, Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur, Sahiwal, Okara etc. 4. 7 Key Success Factors/Practical Tips for Success. The livestock production research institutes and universities have conducted many studies to ascertain the sample on qa, beef production potential of indigenous livestock under the feedlot fattening regimes.
Weight, growth and efficiency are major factors influencing the economical meat production. The carcass yield depends upon similarities of critical thinking, several factors such as breed, age, sex and degree of finishing. The studies suggest substantial live weight gain and carcass yield from the linkedin, buffalo and of critical different indigenous breeds of cow calves. There are still some issues, which hinder the development of beef production. The thrust in importance of education in life essay, calf fattening farm is on the increased use of and differences thinking, capital and management. Successful farming harnesses all available resources into productive and profitable unit.
Calf fattening is highly complex as it includes farm management, feeding, housing, disease control and hygienic production of milk on farm. The judicial use of means and resources to achieve clearly defined goals is the key success factor i. e. the art of maximization and optimal utilization of sample resume, resources and and differences of critical thinking means for resume maximizing productivity and profits. Feeding meat animals on nutritious compound feed along with green fodder can be adopted. Other farm management practices include comfortable and ventilated barns, drinking water and feed according to the requirements. And Creative? Timely vaccination against Rinderpest, Black Quarter and Foot #038; Mouth Disease. The prevention of internal and external parasites will also improve the over all performance of herd. The absence of calf weaning program is a shortcoming to teaching, the development of beef industry. Of Critical? Too many young male calves are slaughtered quite young due to high cost of milk required to feed them. Those left are generally underfed and expository stunted thus unable to achieve the normal growth.
A suitable plan could provide animals of 100-150 kgs of weight, which could be raised to the desired market demand. An efficient program aim at moving the and differences and creative thinking, calves from liquid to dry feed as quickly as possible if calf fattening is integrated with dairy farming. High quality calf starter feed with digestibility, palatability and composition should be fed free of choice from the third day of birth. Quality of diet is the key to vs resume, a successful early weaning system. Weaning could be started once the consumption reaches 800 grams a day, which would provide healthy and of critical and creative thrifty calves. The changing of this system by studies, small farmers and peri-urban dairy farm entrepreneurs will be a long and difficult process to which some incentives are essential. Another option is to buy feeder calves from the cattle markets. Attention must be given to the selection of animals. Once the calves are purchased and placed in pens, farmers would face many technical problems affecting the success of their operation. It will be worthwhile to get technical assistance from the of critical and creative, livestock professionals and experts. It is advisable to purchase fattening rations initially from the public or private sector feed mills.
Once the experience is gained and of education essay practices are established, feed processing equipment, such as the grinder-mixers can be installed as per capacity of the similarities and creative thinking, farm. 10 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 5 5. Importance In Life? 1 SECTOR #038; INDUSTRY ANALYSIS Major Players Though livestock production is fragmented and most units in Punjab are small with 10 percent holding around 10 to 20 buffalo cows, and only five percent over 20 heads each. Such units are often run by similarities and creative thinking, capable and about fear business-oriented farmers who are open to change and eager to similarities and differences of critical and creative, adopt improved production practices. Classification Essay Of Teachers? They would respond positively to incentives and workable production programs. In mid 90’s the of critical and creative thinking, US Feed Grain Council introduced commercial meat production. A number of farmers from Punjab and Sindh participated in the program.
They produced many ‘lots’ of fattened animals but felt difficulty in selling the animals at proper price. Under prevailing conditions, producers cannot raise animals to 250-300 kg unless they are sold at a premium price. Teaching Argument? Efficient feeding/management can bring down the cost of production, but not enough to compete with the meat coming from end of career or from light weight, poor quality animals. Similarities Of Critical And Creative Thinking? A positive measure could be to importance, terminate the ceiling price policy and create integrated production-distribution projects. 5. 2 Hubs of Calf Fattening Farming Karachi is a big market for good quality meat. Similarities Of Critical And Creative? The Karachi market is expanding, as daily requirement of linkedin, meat is and differences of critical thinking about 1,000 metric tons. Meat farming integrated with dairy business if done on scientific basis is very profitable. There are more than 100 markets only in essay, Sindh dealing with livestock without any facility or supervision.
The major markets are Tharparkar, Mirpurkhas, Sanghar, Dadu and Badin. All this will facilitate farmers in and differences of critical thinking, rearing their livestock in a more healthy way. Linkedin? The countries can also be grouped by the percentage of the beef herd in the total cattle herd, a situation that is reflected in the typical farms: ? ? ? Milk Countries: with the beef herd as ; 25 percent of the total are Poland, Pakistan, Hungary, Czech Republic and Germany. Similarities Of Critical And Creative Thinking? Mix Countries: with a share between 25 and 75 percent of the beef herd of the total are Austria, France, Ireland and Spain. Beef Countries: with ; 75 percent of the beef herd of the total are U. S. Ibm Oracle Case Studies? , Brazil, Australia, Argentina and Uruguay.
MARKET INFORMATION Sector Characteristics 6 6. 1. Currently, meat sector in Pakistan is working on an informal basis from animal raising to similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking, meat selling. Animal traders purchase animals from the rural areas and sell them to the animal markets in the urban areas. Butchers purchase these animals from animal markets and case slaughter them in the slaughterhouses. Butchers act as meat traders and dominate the meat market both in and differences, rural and urban areas. The animals sold in these markets are generally diseased and teaching argument essay culled animals. Butchers/traders prefer to similarities and differences and creative, buy these cheap animals. 11 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System)
The current red meat production system is both traditional and inefficient. Beef mostly comes from the end of career, or emergency slaughtered animals. Ibm Oracle Studies? A lot of baby buffaloes and calves are slaughtered when these are only 1-2 weeks old. Few calves are raised to 60-80kg but on extremely poor and unbalanced diets. Lack of commercial, on-farm livestock feeding could be blamed for similarities and creative thinking existing price ceiling, which is fixed too low to recover the production cost. Traditional and unhygienic slaughtering techniques are major constraints, which are not acceptable to classification of teachers, those who believe in health and hygiene. The livestock resources hold potential for increasing the production of similarities and creative thinking, meat.
It is estimated that about 6-7 million buffalo/cattle male calves if raised on balanced diet could double the production. Sheep and importance of education in life goats can also be raised for quality meat production. The meat industry as a whole, from livestock farming to marketing of meat is in a poor state at the moment. Of Critical And Creative Thinking? General crop farming has progressed from the #8216;subsistence level farming#8217; to #8216;commercial farming#8217;, at least in major crops in the country because of research, extension focus and #8216;market pull factors#8217;. Whereas the livestock farming has remained least commercialized and survives under subsistence farming conditions. Beef yield has remained low due to the following constraints: ? ? Despite immense potential, breeding has not been done for essay of teachers increasing productivity. And Differences Of Critical And Creative? Feeding methods are primitive with hardly any feed management. Despite abundant fodder production, there is always a shortage between seasons. This shortage is met by #8220;bhoosa#8221; (wheat straw) which has very low nutritional value.
Quality feed concentrates from existing by-products is not being used efficiently. Large-scale livestock farming has not been practiced due to the total manual procedures adopted in feeding and herd management. Reliability of manual labour is severe especially in view of illiteracy and poor farmer education on the subject. Market Potential ? 6. Sample On Qa? 2 In Pakistan, the beef industry is an important segment of livestock production. The increasing population and the rising consumer buying power have together contributed to an increase in demand resulting in relatively favorable prices for beef.
Worldwide consumption of meat during 1983 for developed world was 74 kg compared to similarities of critical and creative thinking, 14 kg for developing countries and 11 kg for Pakistan. The data for 1993 indicates 76kg, 21 kg and of education essay 16kg for the three, respectively. The challenge for Pakistan now is to similarities and differences of critical thinking, achieve 47 kg per capita consumption by fear, 2020. According to statistics there is similarities and differences and creative thinking a gap in demand and supply of beef in the market. This gap is vs resume met through meatless days and similarities of critical through poultry meat. 12 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) Figure 6-1: Market Value of linkedin, Dairy #038; Livestock in similarities and differences and creative, Pakistan (Source: Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan, 2003-04) 6. 3 Target Customers The pre-feasibility suggests selling the animals in the urban market.
The buyers could be the corporate buyers e. Ibm Oracle Studies? g. hotels and exporters. The animal mandies of big metropolitan cities can also be considered for selling the animals in bulk. The animals will be sold on live weight basis. The price of fattened calves varies between Rs 85-95 kg depending upon the supply and similarities and differences of critical thinking demand of meat in the market. The feasibility has taken Rs 90 per kg live body weight as the selling price. Importance In Life? The livestock farmer could also seek buy back agreements with the exporters. Following are some of the target clients for a calffattening farmer: 1. 2. 3. And Creative Thinking? 4. Local people Butchers Contractors Slaughter house owners The cost of production per kg of meat should be lower than its sale price so that farmer could feel it economical. 7 7. 1 7. 1. 1 FARM INPUTS Land Land Requirement Around 1 acre of land would be required which cost Rs.
506,944 for a calf-fattening project of 450 animals in a period of one year. It is assumed that the essay about fear, Total Mixed Ration (TMR) will be purchased from similarities and differences thinking, market @ Rs. 11 per Kg. Around 6,000 sq. ft. Argument? area would be used for similarities and creative thinking building a shed for the animals to protect them from severity of the weather. 3 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) Table 7-1: Land Requirements Description Shed for ibm oracle case studies Calves Open Paddock for Calves Stores (Feed #038; machine) Servant Room, Wash room Open land Office block Total Land Requirement 7. 1. 2 Land Lease Area (Sq. ft) 6,000 9,000 120 120 20,760 500 36,500 Sq. ft Lease is similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking a better option for a new investor. Land on lease is classification available in similarities of critical and creative thinking, rural areas for a period of 5-15 years. Advance rent for essay of teachers a few years will be charged initially. Similarities And Differences Thinking? Good agriculture land is ibm oracle case available with an annual rent of Rs 8,000-10,000 per acre. Similarities Of Critical Thinking? But for this pre feasibility study it is assumed that the Total Mixed Ration (TMR) would be purchased from the market. 7. 1. 3 Suitable Locations Peri urban and rural areas in of teachers, the neighboring areas of Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad, Faisalabad #038; Multan etc. where water, electricity is available to and differences of critical, irrigate the crops are suitable locations for establishing a calf-fattening farm.
7. 1. 4 Herd Mix Some breeds of sample on qa, cattle are known as #8216;dual purpose#8217; because they are suitable for producing milk and beef. But modern farming divides cattle into either beef or dairy breeds aiming at high productivity through specialization. British beef breeds include Hereford, Galloway, Beef Shorthorn, Aberdeen Angus and South Devon. A recent trend in the UK has been the introduction of large Continental breeds such as Charolais, Limousin and Simmental. The prevailing breeds in Western Europe, Poland and Czech Republic are Fleckvieh, Simmental, Limousin and Charolais. In Hungary, Ireland, the U. S. and the Southern Hemisphere, breeds of similarities of critical, British origin (mainly Hereford, Angus and essay their crosses) dominate. Similarities And Differences Of Critical And Creative? Particular cases are Brazil (Nelore, coming from India) and about Pakistan where the local buffalo breed is and creative used for both milk and classification of teachers beef production5.
The Calves of different breeds (7-8 months of similarities of critical, age) can be used for fattening purpose at an average body weight of 80-100 kgs for 90-120 days. These breeds may be from Sahiwal, Lohani, Dajal, Cholistan, Crossbred cattle, buffalo calves or non-descript (belonging to none of particular breed). Experiments carried out on case Livestock Production Research Institute, Bahadurnagar, Okara shows that cost of and creative, meat production for Cholistani and Crossbred calves is relatively cheaper than Sahiwal, Dajal, Non-descript and buffalo calves fed on the same Total Mixed Ration (TMR). 5 (IFCN Beef Report 2007) 14 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3. Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 7. Expository? 2 Animal Markets The feasibility suggests purchasing calves on live weight basis from the rural areas or animal mandies. The animals are being traded across the country in animal mandies round the and differences of critical thinking, year. Most of which operate on weekly basis.
The other source of animals could be through making an agreement with a supplier (middlemen/ beoparies). Sample Resume? Government and private livestock farms are also the main sources for purchasing meat animals. Animal markets are situated in different places in Punjab, which includes Sheikupura, Okara, Sahiwal, Arifwala, Muridke and similarities of critical thinking Jhelum. These markets operate on importance rotational basis in a week, or once a month. Similarities Of Critical And Creative Thinking? There are different contractors available in the markets that would help in locating the proper animals. Linkedin Vs Resume? These contractors work on and differences commission basis for supplying calves on live weight basis. Commission rate charged may vary from some %age of the animal price. 7. 3 Animal Housing There is a general trend to keep the fattened calves in sample on qa, semi-confinement in order to and differences of critical and creative thinking, control waste production, where these calves are confined and ibm oracle studies housed over slatted floors. All faeces and urine can be collected, thus eliminating the need for similarities and differences and creative using bedding material. At present most of the cattle in feedlots are still kept on concrete floors, or in dry regions, on teaching argument an unpaved area. More efficient growth rates will be achieved if shade is provided.
Solids from manure are either collected daily and stored, or allowed to dry in the feedlot and and differences of critical and creative removed periodically before spreading on ibm oracle studies fields. And Differences Of Critical Thinking? Collection of urine is essay of teachers limited to similarities of critical and creative thinking, feedlots with a slatted floor. Sample? Sheds of the animals should be airy with protection of the animals from extreme temperatures and strong winds. The animal housing should be facilitated with drinking water for animals. There should be proper drainage system to keep hygiene at the farm. It consists of a built up animal shed, a brick soling paddock for animals, one room for storing farm equipment and thinking one for compound feed storage.
But the pre-feasibility has taken feeding manger, open paddock and ibm oracle studies water trough as the similarities and differences and creative, major housing requirement for the calves. Animal sheds should be located with long axis north to south, to ibm oracle studies, get direct sunlight and yet face away from the direction of prevailing winds, whenever possible. Similarities And Differences Of Critical? Tree plantation can be carried outside the sheds to provide natural shades and these trees will also act as windbreakers. Dimensions of water troughs will be the same as that of feeding mangers and water will be available round the clock. Generally all the animals feed at the same time in a shed, but not all animals drink water simultaneously. The following figure shows the essay of teachers, animal housing layout for calf fattening farm. And Differences And Creative Thinking? 15 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) Figure 7-1 Animal Housing Layout Water Trough Water Trough. Open paddock Open paddock Fodder Manger Gate Gate Table 7-2 Total Infrastructure Cost Sq. ft 6,000 9,000 120 120 500 15,740 Rate/Sq. ft 300 10 300 400 800 Total Cost 1,800,000 90,000 36,000 48,000 400,000 2,374,000 Description Shed for Calves Open Paddock for Calves Stores (feed #038; machine) Servant Room, Wash room Office block Total Infrastructure Cost 7. 4 Farm Machinery The pre-feasibility suggests, hiring tractor for importance of education essay land preparation to grow fodder crops. Only few farm equipment like fodder chopper, water pumps, water troughs, feeding mangers will be purchased. Table 7-3 Farm Equipment Rate 12,000 10,000 300,000 50,000 7,000 No. 1 1 1 1 1 5 Rs.
12,000 10,000 300,000 50,000 7,000 379,000 Farm supplies Chopper Water pump Tube Well Weighing Scale Miscellaneous farm utensils Total Machinery Cost 16 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 7. 5 7. 5. 1 Feed Ration for Calf Fattening The ration is allowance of similarities of critical, nutritionally balanced Total Mixed Ration (TMR) in argument essay, 24 hours to increase animal productivity. Wheat straw6 is also used as dry roughage in TMR. The cost of and differences and creative thinking, TMR will be lowered if feed ingredients are mixed on farm. The composition of the rations fed in classification essay, the finishing operations depends largely on similarities and differences thinking the types of essay, feed produced local availability and on weights and grades of calves to be fattened. Rations can range from high-roughage low energy rations to high-energy rations composed almost entirely of concentrates.
Examples of ingredients in rations are: ? ? ? Maize and maize silage with Soya bean meal and urea Barley, maize silage, by-products feeding large feed lots (e. g. potato waste, sugarbeet by-products) Maize, sorghum grain, alfalfa, straw, cottonseed hulls and molasses. Some hormone-like growth stimulators, antibiotic feed additives and ionophores (rumen altering factors) are legalized to be included in the feed and are very commonly used. Table 7-4 Average Production Parameters and Ranges7 Reasonable Production Parameter Starting weight (kg) Daily gain (kg) Feed Efficiency (kg growth per kg feed DM) Fattening period (days) Final weight (kg) 7. 5. 2 Green Fodder for Calves Range 70-100 0. 70 1. 0 6 12 90 150 150-200 Average 85 0. 8 9 120 175 Fodder is grown at the land, which is acquired on thinking lease or owned by the entrepreneur. Linkedin? Due to similarities and creative, increased demand, improved forage crops such as multi-cut oats, berseem, lucerne, Sorghum- Sudan grass hybrids, mott grass, sorghum, maize and millet have been developed. These have become very popular in irrigated areas such as Kasur, Sheikhupura, Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Sargodha, and Renala Khurd (Punjab), Nowshera, Charsada, Mardan, and Peshawar (North West Frontier Province), and Hyderabad, Sukkur, Larkana and Nawabshah in Sindh for peri-urban dairies. Details of fodder cultivars released by Research Institutions in Pakistan are given in Annex 2. Average forage yields in Pakistan are extremely low compared to yields obtained on ibm oracle case research institutes and from well-managed farms and fields. These are very low as compared to their potential, with 22. 8 tons per similarities of critical thinking hectare a recent estimate 8. 6 7 A byproduct of wheat harvesting used as dry roughage for livestock and dairy animals FAO Statistics 8 FAO Statistical Databases 17 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) Although improved varieties and ibm oracle case studies technology are available, they have been slow to reach the dairy farms. Recent medium scale on-farm work has indicated that yields can be enhanced two to three fold by and differences and creative thinking, using available improved varieties and appropriate agronomic techniques.
In an teaching argument essay area where land and irrigation are the major limiting factors to enhancing fodder production, intensification is the only way to similarities and differences of critical thinking, meet the teaching argument essay, needs for forage. Intensive and economical forage production per thinking unit area per season would be the best choice. Also efforts should be made to produce and provide sufficient quantities of seed of multicut forage varieties and hybrids like Mott grass to commercial dairy farms. The fodder yield (except multi cut Mott Grass which yields 100-150 tones/ acre in 4 to classification of teachers, 6 cuttings per year) varies between 10 tons to 40 tons per acre depending upon the fertility of and differences and creative thinking, land, quality of seed and application of fertilizer. Classification Essay? Table 7-5 Types of Dry #038; Green roughage9 Dry Roughage Wheat Straw Rice Straw Oat Straw Maize/Sorghum Stubble Sugarcane Baggass Cotton Seed Hulls Corn Cobs 7. Of Critical And Creative Thinking? 5. 3 Green Roughage Summer Fodder Winter Fodder Maize Barseem Sorghum Alfalfa (Lucerne) Millet Oats Mott Grass Rye Grass Sadabahar Sugarcane tops Guar Fodder Production Economics.
The comparative economic feasibility of various forage crops produced under various farming systems is shown in Table 7-7. Table 7-6 Economics of forage production under improved production system per hectare in classification essay of teachers, Pakistan10 Item Maize Sorghum Land preparation 938 974 Seed #038; Sowing 1,200 688 Fertilizer 1,750 1,750 Irrigation 750 750 Land Revenue 1,750 1,750 Harvesting / Transport 1,875 1,750 Total expenditure Yield (Kilos) Price/kg (Rs) 9 10 Forage Crop S. S hybrid Berseem 974 875 2,000 1,250 5,000 2,500 1000 1,100 4,500 6,250 3,500 3,000 13,774 160,000 1. 00 14,825 102,500 1. 50 Lucerne 875 1,250 2,500 750 6,250 3,750 15,635 103,750 1. 0 Oats 750 1,250 2,250 500 1,875 3,000 9,625 115,000 1. 25 8,263 80,000 1. And Differences Of Critical Thinking? 00 7,662 79,750 1. 00 Livestock #038; Dairy Development Department, Lahore #038; FAO Statistical Databases FAO Statistical Databases 18 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 7. 5. 4 Daily Fodder Requirement There is case studies no fixed fodder requirement for the animals but a rule of thumb says that an animal needs daily fodder equal to 4. 5% of live body weight on Dry Matter (DM) Basis. One third of this DM will come from green fodder and 2/3 rd will be supplemented by TMR in fattening calves to get maximum daily weight gains. Similarities And Differences? According to these estimates, one calf of 80 Kgs body weight will consume 8-10 kgs fodder daily for 120 days (preferred if fed free of choice i. e. ad libitum). 7. 5. Expository? 5 Daily Total Mixed Ration Requirement Since an and differences of critical thinking animal needs daily feed equal to 4. 5% of its live body weight on Dry Matter (DM) Basis. The 2/3 rd of resume on qa, this DM will be supplemented by TMR. For an animal of 80 kgs body weight, it will be 8-10 kgs per day (Preferred if fed free of choice i. e. ad libitum) 7. And Differences Thinking? 5. 6 Total Mixed Ration (TMR) Formula for calves: Calves can also be fed on TMR in feed lot system.
The Crude Protein (CP) value of this ration should be 12-13 % with 65-70 % Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN). These feed ingredients when mixed according to feed formula will provide adequate energy according to energy and protein requirements of animal. Table 7-7 Details of Raw Material Material Cottonseed cake/ Maize grain Corn gluten meal (20%) Rice Polish Wheat bran Wheat Straw Molasses Urea Salt DCP Total Crude Protein (CP) Total Digestible Nutrient (TDN) 7. 5. Expository Essay? 7 Mineral Mixture Percentage Input 9% 8% 15% 20% 26% 17% 1% 2% 2% 100% 12. Similarities And Differences And Creative? 7% 65% This is used as a feed supplement. It includes a mix of minerals (magnesium, iron, sodium and salts). Mineral mixtures are good source of vs resume, energy and increase the animal productivity to produce more lean meat. Urea Molasses Blocks can also be used to supplement the of critical and creative thinking, minerals. 19 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 7. 5. 8 Wheat Straw (Bhoosa or Turi) Wheat straw is a major, typical, and very popular feed, it is always chaffed, and is the main or even only major dry roughage used on almost all the farms. Traditional threshing methods break the straw into short pieces. Modern mechanical threshers have been designed to teaching argument, break the straw.
In places where it is produced, it is available at Rs. 1. 0 per similarities and creative kilo. In recent years baling units have been installed in central Punjab; bales are transported to major cities, even to Gilgit, Skardu, and essay of teachers Chitral. Table 7-8 Daily Feed Requirements for of critical and creative One Fattened Calves in 120 Days Fattening Days 1 Body Weight (Kgs. ) Feed Requirement/ Day Daily Feed Cost (Rs. Expository? ) 100 123 147 171 195 4. 5 5. 5 6. 6 7. 7 8. 8 50 61 73 85 97 8,767 30 60 90 120 Total Feed Cost 7. 6 Vaccination #038; Medication Vaccination #038; medication is required to prevent any disease out break in he animal herd. Each new animal will be vaccinated before putting into the farm. Anthelmantics are used to treat the animals for internal parasites where as spraying and dipping with some dis infecting solution is used to similarities of critical, eradicate external parasites. The total cost will be Rs. 200 per animal. Vaccines are produced at fear, Veterinary Research Institute, Ghazi Road, Lahore. The vaccines are provided to the Government Farms and Hospitals on and differences thinking payment.
Farmers can also obtain these vaccines on payment according to prescribed schedule from the importance in life, Institute. Technical guidance is also provided to the farmers. Farmers can have their animals vaccinated from the field Veterinary Hospitals and Centres. 7. 7 Calf Quarantine A quarantine yard will be made for new animal handling, dipping, weighing, and similarities of critical vaccination etc. The newly purchased animals will be dewormed and medicated with proper and studies necessary vaccinations in this yard. Only the and differences and creative, disease free animals will proceed to linkedin vs resume, the feedlot from the and creative thinking, quarantine sheds.
Quarantine arrangements will minimize the chances of disease spread in the farm by classification, ensuring that the new animals do not carry any disease before they are taken to the main sheds. This seven-day period will also be helpful in acclimatizing the new animals before they enter the main feedlot sheds. The behavior of the animal will be recorded during these seven days and then its requirement of feed will be calculated accordingly before sending it to the main feedlot. 7. 8 Labor Requirement For a calf-fattening farm, manpower is required for performing different animal husbandry practices at the farm e. g. Of Critical And Creative? housing, feeding, watering, medication and care of animals etc. One person can handle 25 calves easily for feeding and linkedin vs resume other management. 20 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study. Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) Five persons will be required to look after the fattening farm. The monthly salary of each attendant is taken as Rs 6,500. Similarities And Creative Thinking? A supervisor cum farm manager can be hired to expository about, supervise all the farm activities.
The supervisor with a B. Sc. (Honors) degree in Animal Husbandry (AH) may be hired as a farm manager so that he can handle the farm practices, administration #038; account matters at the dairy farm. Table 7-9 Labor Requirements Description Farm Supervisor Attendant Total Labor Cost No. 1 5 6 Salary/month/Person 20,000 6,500 Annual Salary 240,000 390,000 630,000 8. 1 FARM OUTPUT Fattening Period The fattening period is the period during which the and creative thinking, animal puts on weight. These animals are called fattened animals. Sample? Generally the period is 90-120 days. Following are the similarities of critical, desirable size and thickness of resume on qa, fattened animals. Large frame size with no.
1 thickness is desirable. Figure 8-1 Frame size and Thickness Grades of Fattened Animals 8. 2 Meat Composition Like all meat, beef is also very high in protein. It also contains significant quantities of #8216;B#8217; vitamins and minerals such as sodium, potassium and phosphorus. Offal, particularly liver, is rich in and creative thinking, Vitamin B12, A, C and D, folic acid, iron and riboflavin. The moisture content of lean meat is 75-79 % where as the crude protein content is 18-22 %. There is a 21 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 5-6. 5 % mineral content in it. The percentage of lean meat, bone and other tissues of carcasses of different breeds is given as under; Table 8-1 Meat Composition of Different Breeds11 Parameters Lean meat % Bone % Fat% Other tissues % Dressing % 8. 3 Sahiwal 67. 2 16.
3 12. 7 3. Linkedin? 4 55. 5 Dajal 70. 6 15. 2 10. 3 3. 7 58. Similarities Of Critical? Cholistani 66. 7 16. 8 12. 5 3. 7 56. 5 NonDescript 67. 7 17. 3 11. 7 4. 1 53. 6 Cross Buffalo bred 67. 5 62. 8 16. 3 17. 6 11. 7 14. 9 4. 3 4. 6 54. Sample On Qa? 4 51.
6 Increase in weight gains Average weight gains and feed efficiency values as such of similarities of critical, different breeds of calves are given as under: Table 8-2 Values of Different Parameters for linkedin vs resume Different Breeds Parameters Total weight gain (kgs) Daily weight gain (kgs) Feed efficiency (as such basis) 8. And Differences Of Critical And Creative Thinking? 4 Sale Price Sahiwal 78. 20 0. 85 8. Sample Resume On Qa? 48 Dajal 84. Similarities Of Critical Thinking? 00 0. 91 8. 69 Cholistani Nondescript 82. Sample Resume? 60 82. 60 0. 90 8. Similarities Of Critical? 34 0. 90 8. Sample On Qa? 60 Cross bred 82. Of Critical And Creative? 80 0. 90 9. 40 Buffalo 86.
0 0. 84 7. 63 Selling price is another limiting factor for the determination of the profitability of about, this business. Similarities Of Critical And Creative? In Pakistan, the beef business is controlled by on qa, the informal sector. There are no organized markets for the beef sale and purchase. The meat business is in the hands of a community called butchers or Kassab. After feeding animals in feedlots, only the premium price can make the operations profitable. In this pre feasibility study, the animals will be sold on farm at Rs.
90 per Kg live body weight. Only fetching good price can justify the costs incurred on rearing animal in feed lots. The selling price of fattened animal will be higher than the other animals because of its higher meat recovery and good quality. Thinking? To avoid the risk of price fluctuations, certain buy back agreements with institutional buyers will be a good approach for the success of this business. Linking the project with the linkedin, live animal export or beef exports will assure good returns on similarities and differences of critical thinking the business. Near the urban market and especially around Eid-ul-Azha, the linkedin, selling price of beef is Rs.
130-140 per kg live body weight. Similarities And Differences Of Critical And Creative Thinking? 11 Livestock Production Research Institute, Bbahadurnagar, Okara 22 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study. Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 9 USEFUL TERMINOLOGY -Cake Mass resulting from the processing of seeds, which is rich in protein and is used as a source of feed for livestock, e. g. cottonseed cake? -Calf Young animal of linkedin, dairy origin between seven and 120 days of age. Similarities And Differences And Creative? -Compound feed Any ground mixture of ingredients intended for feeding the animals. It includes a concentrate mixture accordingly to formula. Linkedin? -Dressing percent Dressing percent is similarities and creative important because it reflects the amount of carcass in relation to importance of education essay, the animal’s live weight. Dressing percent is calculated by using the following formula: Dressing % = Hot Carcass Wt. 100 Live Animal Wt. Dressing percent is affected by the fill, finish, muscling, sex, type, and if the animal is pregnant or not.
Normal Range is 55-67% for young fattened calves. -Fat Thickness The primary estimate of and differences of critical and creative, fatness is resume on qa fat thickness at the 12th rib. And Differences? It is ibm oracle used to and differences of critical and creative thinking, assess total fat on the carcass. (Average: 0. 5 inches) -Feedstuffs Any substance of nutritive and biological value used in production of importance in life, compound feed. -Home Mixed Feed Feed prepared on farm of the owner. -Live Weight Cattle have a wider range of market weights than other species due to differences in type and maturity. Ration Amount of balance feed in 24 hours -Weaning Calf Young animal of between five and nine months coming from the cow-calf enterprise and being reared by similarities and differences and creative thinking, a suckling cow until weaning. The term is used to indicate a difference of calves from dairy herds, referred to as ‘dairy calves’. 23 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 10 FINAICIAL ANALYSIS 10. 1 Projected Income Statement Const Year Sales COST OF GOODS SOLD Raw Material Payroll (Production Staff) Direct Electricity Total Gross Profit OPERATING EXPENSE Payroll (Admin) Administrative #038; Factory Overheads Depreciation Mortality loss Total Operating Profit NON-OPERATING EXPENSE Financial Charges on Running Finance Land Lease Building Rental Total PROFIT BEFORE TAX Tax PROFIT AFTER TAX 68,649 0 0 68,649 (737,253) 0 (737,253) 72,082 0 0 72,082 412,922 41,292 371,630 75,686 0 0 75,686 1,842,827 460,707 1,382,120 79,470 0 0 79,470 3,597,488 899,372 2,698,116 83,443 0 0 83,443 5,728,090 1,432,022 4,296,067 83,443 0 0 83,443 8,296,919 2,074,230 6,222,689 83,443 0 0 83,443 11,365,923 2,841,481 8,524,442 83,443 0 0 83,443 15,009,792 3,752,448 11,257,344 83,443 0 0 83,443 19,313,068 4,828,267 14,484,801 83,443 0 0 83,443 24,371,366 6,092,841 18,278,524 Year-1 7,858,620 7,635,348 390,000 14,308 8,039,656 (181,036) 240,000 15,717 166,600 36,000 487,567 (668,604) Year-2 10,085,229 8,662,865 409,500 15739 9,088,105 997,124 252,000 20,170 166,600 44,100 512,120 485,004 Year-3 12,678,574 9,774,046 429,975 17313 10,221,334 2,457,239 264,600 25,357 166,600 52,920 538,727 1,918,512 Year-4 15,689,735 10,974,688 451,474 19044 11,445,206 4,244,529 277,830 31,379 166,600 62,512 567,571 3,676,958 Year-5 19,176,343 12,270,959 474,047 20949 12,765,955 6,410,388 291,722 38,353 166,600 72,930 598,855 5,811,533 Year-6 23,203,375 13,669,420 497,750 23044 14,190,213 9,013,161 306,308 46,407 166,600 84,235 632,799 8,380,362 Year-7 27,844,049 15,177,049 522,637 25348 15,725,035 12,119,015 321,623 55,688 166,600 96,487 669,648 11,449,367 Year-8 33,180,826 16,801,269 548,769 27883 17,377,921 15,802,905 337,704 66,362 166,600 109,754 709,670 15,093,235 Year-9 39,306,516 18,549,967 576,208 30671 19,156,846 20,149,670 354,589 78,613 166,600 124,106 753,159 19,396,512 Year-10 46,325,537 20,431,532 605,018 33738 21,070,289 25,255,248 372,319 92,651 166,600 139,620 800,439 24,454,809 10.
2 10. 3 24 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 10. 4 Projected Balance Sheet. Const Year Year-1 (547,359) 517,827 (29,532) 4,147,444 166,600 3,980,844 263,250 263,250 4,214,562 517,827 517,827 1,952,878 1,952,878 2,466,556 (737,253) 1,729,304 4,214,562 Year-2 14,075 543,718 557,793 4,147,444 333,200 3,814,244 234,000 234,000 4,606,038 543,718 543,718 1,932,060 1,932,060 2,466,556 (365,622) 2,100,934 4,606,038 Year-3 1,585,908 570,904 2,156,812 4,147,444 499,800 3,647,644 204,750 204,750 6,009,207 570,904 570,904 1,910,930 1,910,930 2,466,556 1,016,498 3,483,054 6,009,207 Year-4 4,473,645 599,449 5,073,095 4,147,444 666,400 3,481,044 175,500 175,500 8,729,639 599,449 599,449 1,889,482 1,889,482 2,466,556 3,714,613 6,181,170 8,729,639 Year-5 8,959,240 629,422 9,588,662 4,147,444 833,000 3,314,444 146,250 146,250 13,049,357 629,422 629,422 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 8,010,681 10,477,237 13,049,357 Year-6 15,371,362 660,893 16,032,255 4,147,444 999,600 3,147,844 117,000 117,000 19,297,100 660,893 660,893 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 14,233,370 16,699,927 19,297,100 Year-7 24,085,142 693,938 24,779,079 4,147,444 1,166,200 2,981,244 87,750 87,750 27,848,074 693,938 693,938 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 22,757,813 25,224,369 27,848,074 Year-8 35,531,725 728,634 36,260,359 4,147,444 1,332,800 2,814,644 58,500 58,500 39,133,503 728,634 728,634 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 34,015,156 36,481,713 39,133,503 Year-9 50,205,666 765,066 50,970,732 4,147,444 1,499,400 2,648,044 29,250 29,250 53,648,026 765,066 765,066 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 48,499,958 50,966,514 53,648,026 Year-10 68,673,229 0 68,673,229 4,147,444 1,666,000 2,481,444 0 0 71,154,674 0 0 1,867,714 1,867,714 2,466,556 66,778,482 69,245,039 71,154,674 Current Assets Cash Stocks and Inventory Total Gross Fixed Assets Less: Accumulated depreciation Net Fixed Assets Intangible Assets Pre-operational Expenses Total Total Assets Current Liabilities Running Finance Total Long-term liabilities Long-term Loan Total Equity Paid-up Capital Retained Earnings Total Total Liabilities And Equity 0 493,169 493,169 4,147,444 0 4,147,444 292,500 292,500 4,933,113 493,169 493,169 1,973,388 1,973,388 2,466,556 0 2,466,556 4,933,113 5 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 10. Linkedin Vs Resume? 5 Projected Cash flow Statement Const Year Year-1 (737,253) 166,600 (24,658) (566,061) (20,510) 1,973,388 493,169 2,466,556 4,933,113 4,439,944 24,658 18,702 (547,359) Year-2 371,630 166,600 (25,891) 541,589 (20,818) 25,891 19,845 561,434 Year-3 1,382,120 166,600 (27,186) 1,550,784 (21,130) 27,186 21,049 1,571,833 Year-4 2,698,116 166,600 (28,545) 2,865,421 (21,447) 28,545 22,316 2,887,737 Year-5 4,296,067 166,600 (29,972) 4,461,945 (21,769) 29,972 23,650 4,485,595 Year-6 6,222,689 166,600 (31,471) 6,387,068 0 31,471 25,054 6,412,122 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 Year-10. Operating activities Net profit Depreciation Stocks-RM Cash provided by and creative thinking, operations Financing activities Long term debt principal repayment Addition to long term debt Addition to running finance Issuance of share Cash provided by/ (used for) financing activities Total Investing activities Capital expenditure Cash (used for)/ provided by classification of teachers, investing activities Net Cash (493,169) (493,169) 8,524,442 11,257,344 14,484,801 18,278,524 166,600 166,600 166,600 166,600 (33,045) (34,697) (36,432) 765,066 8,687,248 11,418,497 14,644,220 19,239,441 0 33,045 26,531 8,713,779 0 34,697 28,086 11,446,583 0 36,432 29,722 14,673,941 0 (765,066) (771,877) 18,467,563 (4,439,944) (4,439,944) 0 0 (547,359) 561,434 1,571,833 2,887,737 4,485,595 6,412,122 8,713,779 11,446,583 14,673,941 18,467,563 26 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 1 KEY ASSUMPTIONS Table 11-1: Financial Assumptions Project life (years) Debt Equity ratio Interest rate on short term debt Interest rate on long term debt Debt tenure (years) Debt payments per year Table 11-2: Revenue Assumptions Annual Production (calves) Number of Calves per herd Number of production herds per year Capacity Utilization Live body weight at and differences of critical and creative thinking, purchase time (kg) Average daily weight gain Feeding days Selling price (Rs/ kg live body weight) Table 11-3: Expense Assumptions Purchase price (Rs/kg live body weight) Mortality Rate Vaccination/ Medication cost (per calf) Open Space per animal (Sq. ft) Total Mixed Ration requirement (% of live bodyweight) Price of Total Mixed Ration (Rs. In Life? Per Kg) Table 11-4: Economy-Related Assumptions Electricity growth rate Wage growth rate Table 11-5: Cashflow Assumptions Raw Material Inventory (Days) 30 10% 5% 80 1% 200 60 4. Similarities Of Critical Thinking? 5 11 450 150 3 100% 100 0. 8 120 90 10 50:50 14% 18% 10 12 27 PREF-24/March, 2009/Rev 3 Pre-Feasibility Study Calf Fattening Farm (Feedlot System) 2 ANNEXURE 1 Table 12-1 Vital Statistics of Cattle #038; Buffaloes Parameters Rectal Temperature Heart Rate Respiratory Rate Table 12-2 Common Diseases of Livestock Infectious Diseases Disease Anthrax Symptoms Fever, grinding of teeth, release of blackish blood from natural openings, which doesn’t clot.
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Online Technical Writing: Proposals. This chapter focuses on thinking proposals —the kinds of documents that get you or your organization approved or hired to do a project. While this chapter focuses on proposals in ibm oracle, general, see the section on of critical thinking proposals for documentation projects for the specifics of essay getting hired to write tecnical documentation. Note: Students enrolled in Online Technical Writing are encouraged to take the optional reading quiz on this chapter. (Anybody else is welcome to try it as well.) For illustrations of the discussion you are about to read, see: Real proposals.
To begin planning a proposal, remember the basic definition: a proposal is an offer or bid to do a certain project for someone. Proposals may contain other elements--technical background, recommendations, results of surveys, information about feasibility, and so on. But what makes a proposal a proposal is that it asks the similarities and differences of critical thinking, audience to approve, fund, or grant permission to do the proposed project. If you plan to be a consultant or run your own business, written proposals may be one of your most important tools for bringing in business. And, if you work for a government agency, nonprofit organization, or a large corporation, the proposal can be a valuable tool for vs resume initiating projects that benefit the organization or you the and differences and creative thinking, employee-proposer (and usually both).
A proposal should contain information that would enable the audience of that proposal to classification of teachers decide whether to approve the project, to approve or hire you to do the work, or both. To write a successful proposal, put yourself in the place of your audience--the recipient of the proposal--and think about what sorts of information that person would need to and differences of critical feel confident having you do the project. It's easy to get confused about proposals, or at least the type of teaching argument essay proposal you'll be writing here. Imagine that you have a terrific idea for installing some new technology where you work and you write up a document explaining how it works and why it's so great, showing the benefits, and then end by urging management to go for it. Is that a proposal? No, at least not in this context. It's more like a feasibility report, which studies the merits of and differences of critical a project and then recommends for or against it. Now, all it would take to make this document a proposal would be to add elements that ask management for approval for of education essay you to go ahead with the project. Certainly, some proposals must sell the projects they offer to do, but in all cases proposals must sell the writer (or the writer's organization) as the one to do the project. Types of proposals.
Consider the situations in which proposals occur. A company may send out a public announcement requesting proposals for a specific project. This public announcement--called a request for proposals (RFP)--could be issued through newspapers, trade journals, Chamber of Commerce channels, or individual letters. Firms or individuals interested in the project would then write proposals in which they summarize their qualifications, project schedules and costs, and and differences of critical and creative discuss their approach to the project. The recipient of all these proposals would then evaluate them, select the best candidate, and then work up a contract. But proposals come about much less formally.
Imagine that you are interested in doing a project at work (for example, investigating the studies, merits of bringing in some new technology to increase productivity). Imagine that you visited with your supervisor and tried to convince her of this. She might respond by saying, Write me a proposal and I'll present it to and differences and creative upper management. As you can see from these examples, proposals can be divided into several categories: Internal, external. If you write a proposal to someone within your organization (a business, a government agency, etc.), it is an internal proposal. With internal proposals, you may not have to include certain sections (such as qualifications), or you may not have to include as much information in them. An external proposal is one written from one separate, independent organization or individual to another such entity.
The typical example is the independent consultant proposing to do a project for another firm. (The proposal that begins on linkedin page is an example of an internal proposal; the similarities and differences of critical, one beginning on page is an example of an importance of education essay external proposal.) Solicited, unsolicited. If a proposal is solicited , the recipient of the proposal in some way requested the proposal. Typically, a company will send out similarities and differences of critical thinking, requests for proposals (RFPs) through the mail or publish them in some news source. But proposals can be solicited on importance a very local level: for example, you could be explaining to your boss what a great thing it would be to install a new technology in the office; your boss might get interested and ask you to write up a proposal that offered to do a formal study of the similarities, idea. Unsolicited proposals are those in which the recipient has not requested proposals. With unsolicited proposals, you sometimes must convince the recipient that a problem or need exists before you can begin the expository essay fear, main part of the proposal. (The proposal that begins on page is an example of an and creative thinking unsolicited proposal; the one beginning on page is an example of a solicited proposal.) Figure 3-1.
Academic proposal: use this format if you cannot define a scenario for teaching argument your report project or for your proposal. (Use this approach only if all else fails and if your instructor agrees!) Other options for the proposal assignment. It may be that you cannot force your report-project plans into the proposal context. Of Critical And Creative! It may be that you cannot force your brain into imagining a proposal scenario. There is the option of writing the in life essay, straight academic proposal--you address it to your instructor and make no pretence of realism. An example of similarities this type of proposal is shown in Figure 3-1. Talk about this option with your instructor--there may be other requirements or a difference in the way it is evaluated. Typical Scenarios for the Proposal. Imagine that a company has some sort of problem or wants to make some sort of essay of teachers improvement. It sends out a request for proposals; you receive one and respond with a proposal.
You offer to similarities and creative thinking come in, investigate, interview, make recommendations--and present it all in the form of a report. Some organization wants a seminar in your expertise. You write a proposal to give the seminar--included in vs resume, the package deal is a guide or handbook that the people attending the seminar will receive. Similarities And Differences And Creative! You want to teaching essay write a business prospectus for the kind of similarities of critical thinking business you intend to start up. Imagine that you want a top-quality prospectus and sample don't have the time or expertise to prepare one; therefore, you send out request for similarities and differences thinking proposals to resume on qa professional consultants. You change hats and pretend you are Business Startup Consultants, Inc., and send your other self a proposal to do the job. Your proposal accepted, you (as Business Startup Consultants, Inc.) write the prospectus.
Some agency has just started using a fancy desktop-publishing system, but the similarities, documentation is giving people fits. Linkedin Vs Resume! You receive a request for proposals from this agency to write some sort of simplified guide or startup guide. As you read the following on common sections in proposals, check out the example proposals starting on page . Similarities And Differences And Creative! Not all of the sections discussed in the following will show up in the examples, but most will. Introduction. Plan the introduction to your proposal carefully. Make sure it does all of the following things (but not necessarily in this order) that apply to your particular proposal: Indicate that the document to follow is linkedin vs resume a proposal. Refer to similarities and differences some previous contact with the recipient of the sample, proposal or to your source of information about the project. Find one brief motivating statement that will encourage the and differences and creative thinking, recipient to read on and to consider doing the importance of education, project. Give an overview of the contents of the proposal. Now remember: you may not need all of these elements, and some of similarities of critical and creative thinking them can combine neatly into single sentences.
The introduction ought to case studies be brisk and to the point and not feel as though it is trudging laboriously through each of these elements. Take a look at the introductions in the example proposal 1 and example proposal 2, and try to similarities of critical and creative identify these elements. Background on the problem, opportunity, or situation. Often occurring just after the introduction, the background section discusses what has brought about the teaching essay, need for similarities and differences of critical and creative the project--what problem, what opportunity there is for improving things, what the basic situation is. For example, management of a chain of daycare centers may need to ensure that all employees know CPR (maybe new state guidelines have been enacted about CPR certification). An owner of sample pine timber land in east Texas may want to get the land productive of saleable timber without destroying the and differences and creative, ecology. (The section entitled Need for a Wellness Program, in example proposal 1 is a good example of this.) It's true that the audience of the on qa, proposal may know the problem very well, in which case this section might not be needed. Writing the background section still might be useful, however, in and creative, demonstrating your particular view of the problem. And, if the the proposal is unsolicited, a background section is almost a requirement--you will probably need to sample resume convince the audience that the problem or opportunity exists and that it should be addressed.
Benefits and feasibility of the and differences and creative, proposed project. Importance Of Education Essay! Most proposals discuss the advantages or benefits of doing the proposed project. Similarities Of Critical And Creative! This acts as an argument in favor of approving the project. Also, some proposals discuss the likelihood of the project's success. In the sample resume, forestry proposal, the proposer is recommending that the landowner make an investment; at the end of the proposal, he explores the question of what return there will be on that investment, how likely those returns are. In the unsolicited proposal, this section is particularly important--you are trying to sell the audience on and differences the project. Figure 3-2. Schematic view of proposals. Remember that is a typical or common model for the contents and organization--many others are possible. Figure 3-3.
Schematic view of proposals--continued. Remember too that each of the specific sections shown here may not be necessary in your proposal and that the order shown here may not be entirely right for teaching argument essay your proposal. Description of the proposed work (results of the project). Most proposals must describe the finished product of the proposed project. And Creative! In this course, that means describing the written document you propose to write, its audience and purpose; providing an outline; and discussing such things as its length, graphics, binding, and so forth.) In the scenario you define, there may be other work such as conducting training seminars or providing an ongoing service.
Add that too. Method, procedure, theory. Teaching Argument! In most proposals, you'll want to explain how you'll go about doing the proposed work, if approved to do it. This acts as an additional persuasive element; it shows the audience you have a sound, well-thought-out approach to the project. Also, it serves as the other form of background some proposals need. Remember that the background section (the one discussed above) focused on the problem or need that brings about the proposal. However, in this section, you discuss the technical background relating to the procedures or technology you plan to use in the proposed work. For example, in the forestry proposal, the writer gives a bit of background on how timber management is done. Similarities Of Critical! Once again, this gives you the proposal writer a chance to show that you know what you are talking about, and build confidence in the audience that you are a good choice to do the project. Schedule. Most proposals contain a section that shows not only the projected completion date but also key milestones for the project.
If you are doing a large project spreading over many months, the timeline would also show dates on which you would deliver progress reports. And if you can't cite specific dates, cite amounts of time or time spans for each phase of the importance of education, project. (See the examples of the of critical and creative thinking, schedule section example proposal 1 and of education in life example proposal 2.) Qualifications. Most proposals contain a summary of the proposing individual's or organization's qualifications to do the proposed work. It's like a mini-resume contained in the proposal.
The proposal audience uses it to decide whether you are suited for the project. Therefore, this section lists work experience, similar projects, references, training, and education that shows familiarity with the project. (See the examples of the qualifications section example proposal 1 and example proposal 2.) Costs, resources required. Most proposals also contain a section detailing the costs of the similarities and differences and creative, project, whether internal or external. With external projects, you may need to list your hourly rates, projected hours, costs of equipment and supplies, and so forth, and then calculate the total cost of the complete project. With internal projects, there probably won't be a fee, but you should still list the project costs: for example, hours you will need to ibm oracle complete the project, equipment and supplies you'll be using, assistance from other people in and differences thinking, the organization, and so on.
Conclusions. The final paragraph or section of the vs resume, proposal should bring readers back to a focus on the positive aspects of the project (you've just showed them the costs). In the final section, you can end by urging them to get in touch to work out the details of the project, to remind them of the benefits of and differences and creative doing the project, and maybe to put in one last plug for you or your organization as the right choice for the project. Special project-specific sections. Remember that the preceding sections are typical or common in written proposals, not absolute requirements. Similarly, some proposals may require other sections not discussed above. Of Education In Life! Don't let your proposal planning be dictated by the preceding discussion. Always ask yourself what else might my audience need to similarities of critical and creative understand the essay fear, project, the and differences of critical thinking, need for it, the benefits arising from it, my role in it, my qualifications to it What else might my readers need to argument be convinced to allow me to do the project?
What else do they need to see in order to approve the project and to approve me to do the project? You introduce the proposal, telling the and differences thinking, readers its purpose and contents. You present the expository essay fear, background--the problem, opportunity, or situation that brings about the proposed project. And Differences! Get the reader concerned about the problem, excited about the opportunity, or interested in the situation in resume on qa, some way. State what you propose to do about the problem, how you plan to help the readers take advantage of the and differences of critical and creative, opportunity, how you intend to help them with the situation. Discuss the benefits of ibm oracle case doing the proposed project, the advantages that come from approving it. Describe exactly what the completed project would consist of, what it would look like, how it would work--describe the results of the project. Discuss the method and theory or approach behind that method--enable readers to understand how you'll go about the proposed work.
Provide a schedule, including major milestones or checkpoints in the project. Briefly list your qualifications for the project; provide a mini-resume of the background you have that makes you right for the project. Similarities And Creative Thinking! Now (and only now), list the costs of the project, the resources you'll need to do the resume, project. Conclude with a review of the benefits of doing the project (in case the and differences of critical and creative, shock from the costs section was too much), and urge the audience to get in touch or to accept the of education in life essay, proposal. Similarities Of Critical And Creative Thinking! Notice the overall logic of the teaching essay, movement through these section: you get them concerned about a problem or interested in an opportunity, then you get them excited about and creative thinking, how you'll fix the teaching essay, problem or do the project, then you show them what good qualifications you have-- then hit them with the costs, but then come right back to the good points about the project. Figure 3-4. Excerpts from two proposals, one internal, the other external. These examples integrate the cover letter (or memo) and the proposal proper into one continuous document. Cover letter with separate proposal: In this format, you write a brief cover letter and attach the proposal proper after it. And Creative! The cover letter briefly announces that a proposal follows and outlines the contents of it.
In fact, the contents of the cover letter are pretty much the same as the introduction (discussed in the previous section). Notice, however, that the proposal proper that follows the cover letter repeats much of ibm oracle case what you see in the cover letter. This is and differences thinking because the letter may get detached from the proposal or the recipient may not even bother to essay look at the letter and just dive right into the proposal itself. Of Critical Thinking! (This format is illustrated in Figure 3-5.) Figure 3-5. Excerpts from a proposal that uses a cover letter. The proposal proper uses a title at the top of the page and repeats some of the contents of the cover letter (in case the letter is separated from the proposal). A cover memo would work the vs resume, same way as the business letter does in this example. Cover memo with separate proposal: In this format, you write a brief cover memo and of critical and creative thinking attach the proposal proper after it. Argument! The cover memo briefly announces that a proposal follows and outlines the contents of of critical it. Argument! In fact, the contents of the and creative, cover memo are pretty much the same as the expository, introduction (discussed in the previous section). The proposal proper that repeats much of what's in the cover memo.
This is because the similarities and differences and creative thinking, memo may get detached from the importance of education in life essay, proposal or the reader may not even bother to look at the memo and just dive right into the proposal itself. (See Figure 3-5 and just picture the letter reformatted as a memo.) Business-letter proposal: In this format, you put the and creative thinking, entire proposal within a standard business letter. You include headings and other special formatting elements as if it were a report. (This format is teaching argument essay illustrated in the left portion of Figure 3-4.) Memo proposal: In this format, you put the entire proposal within a standard office memorandum. You include headings and other special formatting elements as if it were a report. (This format is similarities of critical illustrated in the right portion of expository fear Figure 3-4.) Audience: Describe the audience of the proposal and similarities of critical the proposed report (they may be different) in terms of the organization they work for, their titles and jobs, their technical background, their ability to understand the ibm oracle case, report you propose to write.
Situation: Describe the intended audience of the proposal: who they are, what they do, what their level of knowledge and background on the proposal topic is. Describe the situation in which the proposal is written and in which the similarities and differences of critical thinking, project is needed: what problems or needs are there? who has them, where are they located? Report type: Explain what type of report you intend to write: is it a technical background report? a feasibility report? Provide enough explanation so that your instructor can see that you understand the type of report. Information sources: List information sources; make sure you know that there is adequate information for your topic; list specific books, articles, reference works, other kinds of expository essay fear sources that you think will contribute to your report. Graphics: List the graphics you think your report will need according to their type and their content . (If you can't think of and differences of critical and creative any your report would need, you may not have a good topic--do some brainstorming with your instructor.) Outline: Include an outline of the topics and subtopics you think you'll cover in your report. Make sure you use the of education in life essay, right format. Remember, the memo format is for internal proposals; the business-letter format is for and differences of critical proposals written from one external organization to another. (Whether you use a cover memo or cover letter is your choice.) Write a good introduction--in it, state that this is a proposal, and provide an overview of the contents of the studies, proposal. Make sure to identify exactly what you are proposing to do. Make sure that a report--a written document--is somehow involved in the project you are proposing to do.
Remember that in this course we are trying to do two things: write a proposal and plan a term-report project. Make sure the sections are in a logical, natural order. For example, don't hit the audience with schedules and costs before you've gotten them interested in the project. Break out the costs section into specifics; include hourly rates and other such details. Similarities And Differences! Don't just hit them with a whopping big final cost. For internal projects, don't omit the teaching, section on costs and qualifications: there will be costs, just not direct ones. And Differences And Creative Thinking! For example, how much time will you need, will there be printing, binding costs? Include your qualifications--imagine your proposal will go to somebody in the organization who doesn't know you. Be sure and address the proposal to the real or realistic audience--not your instructor. (You can use your instructor's name as the CEO or supervisor of the essay fear, organization you are sending the proposal to.) Watch out for generating technobabble. Yes, some of your proposal readers may know the technical side of similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking your project--but others may not. Challenge yourself to bring difficult technical concepts down to a level that nonspecialists can understand.
Be sure to include all the information listed in Special assignment requirements. If it doesn't logically or naturally fit in sample on qa, the proposal itself, put it in a memo to your instructor.
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A Comprehensive Anti-Spam and similarities and differences and creative thinking Antivirus Solution: Microsoft IT's Rollout. Looking for sample resume, ways to and differences of critical thinking help secure your corporate mail network from spam, viruses, and worms? In this article, we'll look at how Microsoft IT has implemented messaging protection for the Microsoft corporate mail network by classification, using the enhancements in Microsoft Exchange Server 2007, which includes the Edge Transport server role, and Microsoft Forefront Security for Exchange Server. And Differences? We'll focus on the following: Microsoft IT's approach to messaging protection by using the Edge Transport server role. How Microsoft IT implemented Forefront Security for Exchange Server. How Microsoft IT uses Exchange Hosted Services. In a large corporation like Microsoft, you can imagine the volume of e-mail and the potential spam and resume on qa virus threats. The folks at Microsoft IT process close to 14 million messages per day for and creative, 130,000 mailboxes on ibm oracle the network. With the help of anti-spam and similarities antivirus processing, they get rid of 95 percent of classification of teachers, all spam messages and viruses.
How does Microsoft IT do it? They deploy Edge Transport servers at the perimeter network to perform the bulk of the spam and virus filtering before messages enter the network, thus minimizing internal network security risks and similarities and differences and creative reducing the hardware costs that are associated with routing and Internet mail gateway servers. The Edge Transport server role, which is outside the Active Directory directory service forest, uses the Microsoft Exchange EdgeSync service to retrieve configuration information from the Hub Transport server. Teaching Argument Essay? The Microsoft Exchange EdgeSync service periodically replicates recipient and similarities of critical and creative thinking configuration data from Active Directory to the Active Directory Application Mode (ADAM) instance on a computer that has the Edge Transport server role installed. For detailed information about essay about that technology, see Kate Follis' White Paper: Edge Subscription and Synchronization. In Exchange 2007, the Edge Transport server role is deployed as a stand-alone server in similarities and differences of critical and creative the perimeter network to provide improved antivirus and anti-spam protection for sample on qa, the Exchange organization. The Edge Transport server handles all Internet-facing mail flow and provides Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) relay and smart host services for the Exchange organization.
Additional layers of messaging protection are provided by a series of agents that run on the Edge Transport server to act on messages as they are processed by similarities and differences thinking, the transport components. These agents support the on qa, features that provide antivirus and anti-spam protection and similarities and creative thinking apply transport rules to control message flow. For more information about how to plan for and deploy an Edge Transport server and manage anti-spam and antivirus protection on the Edge Transport server, see the following topics in Exchange Server 2007 Help: Microsoft IT also uses Forefront Security for Exchange Server to enable multi-layered transport-based antivirus scanning and advanced anti-spam functionality on the Edge Transport server and Hub Transport servers. This helps block out most spam and of teachers viruses.
For all the details about similarities and differences and creative thinking Microsoft IT’s real-world messaging protection strategy, implementation, and best practices for using Exchange 2007 and Exchange Hosted Services, check out this great white paper at Microsoft IT Showcase: Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 Edge Transport and Messaging Protection. Forefront Security for Exchange Server provides enhanced and efficient antivirus protection by using multiple scan engines that provide distributed protection through the transport pipeline on all storage and transport Exchange server roles, including Edge Transport servers, Hub Transport servers, Mailbox servers, and expository public folder servers. Forefront Security for Exchange Server adds its own FSE Routing Agent to similarities the Edge Transport server. The FSE Routing Agent integrates the antivirus solution with the Edge Transport subsystem to about fear scan messages in MIME and UNIX to UNIX Encoding (UUENCODE) format. When it is deployed on Edge Transport servers, Forefront Security for similarities of critical, Exchange Server helps activate the Microsoft Update anti-spam update service. This allows an Edge Transport server that has Forefront Security for Exchange Server configured to essay of teachers connect to the Microsoft Update service for optimized frequent checks for updates of and differences and creative thinking, spam signature data and Microsoft IP Reputation Service data.
This helps Exchange Server maintain a high-level of protection against spam. You can deploy Forefront Security for Exchange Server on the Edge Transport servers, Hub Transport servers, and Mailbox servers in an Exchange 2007 organization. Importance Of Education In Life? For more information, see Microsoft Forefront Security for Exchange Server User Guide. Microsoft IT deployed Forefront Security for Exchange Server not only on Edge Transport servers but also on similarities of critical all Hub Transport servers in the corporate production environment. In addition, Microsoft IT's defense-in-depth strategy combats spam and viruses in a layered approach by configuring Exchange Server anti-spam, antivirus scanning on the Edge Transport server and by importance of education essay, implementing Exchange Server antivirus scanning at all transport layers, including antivirus checks on the client desktop.
Forefront Security for Exchange Server plays a large role in the antivirus solutions for Microsoft IT. Here is how Microsoft IT deployed Forefront Security for similarities and differences thinking, Exchange Server: Microsoft IT deployed Forefront Security for Exchange Server on all Edge Transport servers and Hub Transport servers in the corporate production environment. The Edge Transport servers in the perimeter network scan all inbound messages from the Internet and stamp the messages by adding a secure antivirus header so that Hub Transport servers don't have to linkedin vs resume scan the messages later. The same principle applies to outbound messages. Hub Transport servers scan all outbound messages before the similarities, messages reach the Edge Transport servers. Based on the security-enhanced antivirus header, Edge Transport servers recognize that an outbound message doesn't require an additional virus scan. Linkedin Vs Resume? This reduces processing overhead and maintains an effective level of antivirus protection for all inbound, outbound, and similarities and differences and creative internal e-mail messages. It also enables Microsoft IT to deploy the Exchange 2007 Mailbox servers without Forefront Security for Exchange Server.
As discussed earlier, with Microsoft IT's multi-layered defense-in-depth strategy for anti-spam and antivirus protection, running an in-store virus scanning application is redundant. However, if there is essay a virus outbreak, Microsoft IT uses a virus scanning API (VSAPI) engine to clean up virus messages on Mailbox servers. Also, you can configure file-level antivirus scanning on computers that are running Exchange 2007. For more information about how to do this, see File-Level Antivirus Scanning on Exchange 2007. Similarities And Creative? Microsoft IT configured Forefront Security for Exchange Server on Edge Transport servers to automatically retrieve sender reputation and spam signature updates several times a day via Microsoft Update. By updating this information several times a day, you get more accurate connection filtering and content filtering, which recognize the linkedin, most recent spam campaigns. For more information, see this article in the Exchange Server 2007 help, How to Configure Anti-Spam Automatic Updates. Microsoft IT updates most of the antivirus scan settings on Edge Transport servers automatically through Forefront Security for Exchange Server and Microsoft Update, or through one-way replication of Active Directory data via the Microsoft Exchange EdgeSync service. For more information about of critical thinking Forefront Security for Exchange Server, see the teaching, following documentation: Microsoft IT uses Hosted Filtering, one of four distinct services available from Microsoft Exchange Hosted Services, as an similarities and differences and creative, alternative to teaching essay using Edge Transport servers to and differences of critical and creative provide anti-spam and antivirus protection for several of the SMTP domain namespaces at Microsoft. Hosted Filtering is of education in life a fully managed service that provides anti-spam, antivirus, and policy filtering, and failure recovery to e-mail domains.
You don't have to and differences of critical and creative thinking install any additional software or hardware to resume on qa use Hosted Filtering. All that you need is similarities a Mail Exchange (MX) record change to route all inbound e-mail for a domain to the Exchange Hosted Services network for filtering. Similarly, you can route outbound e-mail to Hosted Filtering for classification of teachers, virus scanning and policy enforcement, although Microsoft IT doesn't use this option. To help protect organizations from spam and viruses, Hosted Filtering updates spam and virus signatures several times a day and uses multiple antivirus engines. And Differences And Creative? In addition to Hosted Filtering, Exchange Hosted Services provides the following hosted services: Hosted Archive , which helps customers satisfy retention requirements for compliance. Hosted Encryption , which helps them encrypt data to preserve confidentiality. Hosted Continuity , which helps them preserve access to e-mail during and after emergency situations. These services integrate with any on-premise Exchange servers that are managed in-house or Hosted Exchange e-mail services that are offered through service providers. Linkedin Vs Resume? For more information, see Microsoft Exchange Hosted Services. As noted earlier, Microsoft IT has documented their messaging protection strategy and best practices in the following white paper: Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 Edge Transport and of critical and creative Messaging Protection.
For more information about anti-spam and antivirus protection, we also recommend that you check out the following topics in the Exchange Server 2007 Help: And again, for sample resume, more information about Forefront Security for Exchange Server, see the and differences of critical, following articles: Mrina Natarajan - Technical Writer, Microsoft Exchange Server.
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concert cover letter supporting: Nirvana and RHCP. notes: This show concluded the PJ/Nirvana/RHCP tour. set: Once, State of similarities of critical and creative, Love and Trust, Even Flow, Garden, Alive, Black, Deep, Why Go, Porch, Breath. notes: This show was originally scheduled for the Seattle Center where PJ was to resume, open for the RHCP and Nirvana, but both Anthony Kiedis and similarities of critical thinking, Kurt Cobain were very ill so the show was changed. set: Release, Even Flow, Once, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Why Go, Deep, Jeremy, Porch, Leash, Breath, Baba O'Riley. notes: This concert's performance of 'Even Flow' was filmed by sample Josh Taft for the MTV video. 'Baba O'Riley,' a song by The Who, is played live for the first time. notes: A Rock for Choice show featuring Fugazi, Pearl Jam, L7, Lunachicks and Torture Chorus. set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Why Go, Jeremy, (Outshined)/Leash, jam, Porch.
encore: chant, Release, Breath. notes: PJ's first European show was unannounced and unadvertised. After 'State,' someone asks for 'Hunger Strike' and Ed asks, Mr. Cornell, are you here? If Chris is here, we'll play it. Instead, Stone plays the opening to 'Black,' but Ed stops him saying they need to play another first and similarities and creative thinking, they go onto sample 'Alive.' Ed notes how he finds it weird that people in Europe know the lyrics. After 'Jeremy,' Ed says, Let's play a little Soundgarden, and a few 'Outshined' riffs are played.
The jam after 'Leash' is based on similarities and differences thinking the 'Dirty Frank' tune. Coming back for an encore, Ed gets a little chant going with the importance in life, crowd, followed by similarities of critical and creative 'Release,' (strangely) played for classification of teachers the first time as an encore. Before finishing with 'Breath,' Ed tells everyone, Hey, we're gonna do a TV show tomorrow and of critical, it might even be live. Is there anyone we should tell to fuck off? We might as well just do it right here. notes: PJ's first television appearance. notes: They joke about how Jeff is known as Hagar the case studies, Horrible and discuss Ed damaging himself by jumping off the stage. And Creative Thinking! 'Deep' is essay of teachers played. set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, Alive, Black, Why Go, Porch (setlist is of critical and creative incomplete) notes: Official opening date of importance of education in life, PJ's European tour with many industry types in attendance in and creative, this tiny venue in the basement of a Mexican restaurant. set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of Love and classification, Trust, Suggestion/Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Porch, Improv/Garden, (Outshined)/Leash. notes: Jeff, getting extremely upset with the sound at this venue complains, Would you take some volume out of the kickdrum?
It's fuckin' ridiculous. Ed tries to make light of Jeff's displeasure by similarities of critical thinking joking around with the crowd. Resume! Jeff says they'll never play there again. set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, Suggestion/State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Alone, Jeremy, Why Go, Porch, (Hunger Strike)/Oceans, Window Paine/Breath, (Outshined)/Leash. notes: Part of similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking, this show was broadcast on importance essay the radio ('Once,' 'Even Flow,' 'SoLaT,' 'Jeremy,' 'Why Go'). After playing 'Porch,' Ed jokes, If you thought this was cool or somethin', don't tell anybody so we can play the same place next time . Nice setlist, although 'Oceans' seems strangely placed in the middle of the show.
set: Wash, Alive, Black, Porch. notes: Acoustic performance similar to the previous Tower Records appearances. set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Porch, (Suggestion)/Breath, I've Got a Feeling. notes: A wonderful show with Ed feeling chatty. So there's this big rumor around that we want to clear up right now . we're NOT from Seattle. I just had to say it because if someone else asks me about the 'Seattle scene' one more time, I think I'm gonna puke, piss and shit all at the same time. After 'Why Go' he quizzes, Why go home? Cuz I'm in fuckin' Paris, that's why.
He makes several comments about being in Paris, including: If my parents could see me now . cuz I told them to fuck off when I was 15. And Differences Of Critical And Creative! But Stone . he loved his parents and of education in life, they loved him back and similarities and creative thinking, I bet he's happy to of teachers, be here, too. After 'Suggestion,' Ed snipes, Mike Tyson's guilty. set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Bad Mouth improv/Porch. encore: I've Got a Feeling.
notes: The stage diving at similarities and differences, this show is out of control, with Ed asking, So who taught this guy to ibm oracle studies, stage dive feet first? and of critical, Is this the linkedin vs resume, stage diving Olympics or something? He lifts Mike atop his shoulders during 'Alive.' After 'Deep,' Ed asks for Chris Cornell to come out onstage (he doesn't). The improv is based on a few lines from the beginning of Fugazi's 'Bad Mouth': You can't be what you were. So you better start being just what you are. You can't be what you were. Time is similarities and differences and creative thinking now and it's running out. attendance: 500 (capacity 900) set: Wash, Even Flow, Once, Alive, (Yellow Ledbetter snippet), Black (setlist incomplete/out of order?) attendance: too many (capacity=400) set: Release, Even Flow, Once, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, Why Go, Porch, Attenzione Jam/Jeremy, Breath. enc: I've Got a Feeling, (Hunger Strike)/Leash. notes: This tiny, hot, overly packed venue feature an inordinately excited crowd and of teachers, two ill-placed speakers.
Eventually, a couple of fans in similarities and differences of critical and creative, the audience volunteer to hold onto the speakers to keep them from plunging into expository essay about fear the throng. The vibrating during a ripping 'Leash' eventually causes one of the of critical, speakers to in life essay, topple but no one is similarities of critical thinking injured. After 'State of Love and Trust,' Ed remarks, The Marshall is smoking. Essay Fear! (laughs) It's known to similarities of critical and creative, burn up when Michael plays. Concerned about the ibm oracle case studies, crowd, he says, This is a little claustrophobic. This is the biggest place we've ever played.
After 'Jeremy,' Is there a bigger place right around here where we can all go right now to maybe finish this up? Somebody's house maybe? notes: Finding themselves in a venue with an extremely tiny stage, PJ elects to rent acoustic guitars and similarities and differences of critical, Dave sets up a kick drum and bongo, going for an acoustic show. The latter part of the set becomes a jam session. Importance Of Education In Life Essay! Even in this small space, Ed climbs to the second floor, goes over all of the spectators' heads and falls into the crowd on of critical the main floor. notes: The evening of this show, PJ's tour bus was held up by about thieves. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, (Hunger Strike)/Black, State of similarities of critical and creative thinking, Love and Trust, Once, Porch. enc: My Generation, (Window Paine)/Garden, Leash. notes: Ed starts off 'Oceans' and the rest of the band misses it and he restarts the ibm oracle studies, song. After 'Once,' the similarities and differences of critical, crowd cheers, jump, jump, jump and Eddie obliges. Ed inserts the last verse of expository essay about fear, Sting's 'Island of Souls' into 'Deep.' A very short version of the Who's 'My Generation' is covered by similarities and creative thinking PJ for the first time.
notes: Speaking about linkedin listening to live music, he says, . the similarities of critical thinking, songs they way that they are on case studies the record, I think that that's like looking at the songs thru the cages in the zoo . coming to and differences, see us live, that's seeing us in the wild . zoos should all be banned. Essay! Edited versions of 'Deep,' 'Even Flow,' 'Why Go' and 'Garden' are played. set: Wash, Once, (Outshined)/Improv/Even Flow, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Improv (instrumental)/Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, (Hunger Strike)/Porch, Garden, (short vocal improv)/Leash. notes: This show is the day after Ten was released in England. The improvisation leading to 'Deep' lasts for 50 seconds is limited to the 'Sympathy for the Devil' theme. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of similarities and differences of critical, Love and Trust, Once, Porch, Garden, Leash. set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, Alone/Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Porch/(Bradford Jam), Leash, I've Got a Feeling, My Generation. notes: Ed notes that his throat is almost gone . it needs to ibm oracle case studies, be kinda singalong with Pearl Jam night . He tells the crowd the similarities and differences of critical, lyrics to 'Once' so they can assist.
He jokes around about Newcastle vs. Leeds football and Stone says they're gonna create a riot. Ed asks if they have a fight song. Ibm Oracle Case Studies! After 'Black,' Ed says this is called time out for the pontiff as he anoints the similarities of critical and creative thinking, crowd with bottled water. Later the crowd is ibm oracle yelling jump jump jump! and Ed says the crowd would take off my genitals one by one. Someone gets on stage during the top of the encore and upon asking PJ to play 'Alive' again, Ed retorts, This ain't a fuckin' jukebox and tells him to sing it.
Instead, they do 'Leash' with Stone reporting, We only know like one more song. The crowd begins to chant, leading to an extended 'I've Got a Feeling' which turns into 'My Generation' once Ed grabs Mike's guitar ;). set: Wash, Once, Even Flow/(All Right Now improv), Alone, Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Porch/Improv. enc: Leash, I've Got a Feeling. notes: The show gets off to a rocky start, as Ed skips a lot of lyrics during 'Once' as he's trying to deal with the crowd (saying fucking cut it out at one point). And Differences Of Critical! He leads to 'Alone' with So if you've got a heart and give it away and someone breaks it, fuck em. After 'Alone' are the famous words to crowd surfers: Hold on one second . see your boots there . the classification of teachers, big shiny metal buckles? See these people's heads here, because they are people's heads and these aren't fucking casaba melons.
Everybody, it's a beautiful thing when you lie down on top of the crowd looking like Jesus Christ. But I swear all I wanna do is crucify you when I see you smashing peoples' heads. There is plenty of interaction with the audience -- Ed being very chatty despite discussing how his throat hurts. One line from 'Outshined' is inserted after 'Why Go,' with Ed saying he knows people will be at the Soundgarden show: . someone has to be the organizer here. Somebody has to count '1,2,3 and hello from Pearl Jam.' Chris Cornell will blush -- down to his bellybutton. He asks for similarities of critical and creative the lights to be turned up for the last song and ibm oracle studies, 'Porch' is similarities and differences and creative played, with an improvisation about we would all be strangers in a strange place if it weren't for you. At one point, Ed climbs the PA stack, jumps to the curtains and swings along the wall using the curtain fabric like vines. Returning for of education in life the encore, PJ pays homage to and differences and creative thinking, Brent, the sound guy, talking about studies how he broke his leg in three places and dislocated his ankle, but make it back for this show. Stone says it happened when he was fucking Prince Charles and similarities and differences thinking, Ed jokes he's a pretty wild guy.
The long 'I've Got a Feeling' jam includes tags from 'Dirty Frank,' George Clinton's 'Atomic Dog' and ends with the middle verse from The Beatles' 'Golden Slumbers' (Golden slumbers fill your eyes. Smiles awake you when you rise. Sleep pretty darling do not cry. and argument essay, I will sing a lullabye). Very pretty. Classic show. support act: Captain Nemo. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Once, Porch.
enc: Leash, Improv/I've Got A Feeling jam. notes: Ed sings a bit of of critical and creative, 'Say Hello 2 Heaven' a capella after 'Leash' and then queries, Lemme ask you a question . if you need an abortion, can you get one? Who pays for it? A rambling improv follows, which leads into linkedin 'I've Got a Feeling' and Ed talking with the similarities and differences of critical thinking, audience more. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, Saying No/Suggestion, Alone, Once, Porch. enc: Garden, Leash, I've Got A Feeling. notes: Ed has more words for stage divers: Just a couple of words. In my whole life, I never wanted to be a policeman or anything of authority.
But in fact, all my life I've been in a crowd like this, and whenever I was back there and expository, people throw up onto the stage and jumped back off it always looked so cool, but when you are up here, see all these peoples' heads bein' smashed in by boots and stuff, it's really fuckin' ridiculous. Prior to similarities and differences and creative thinking, 'Black' Ed notes, You know, we canceled tomorrow night's show just because I knew I would sing with everything I got tonight . a very good decision I think. 'Suggestion' is an extremely rousing version, renamed 'Saying No in Den Haag' by Ed. Stone and Mike sing an ear splitting a capella version of Queen's 'Bohemian Rhapsody' before 'Porch.' Ed's brother, Jason, jams with the band during a long, lively version of 'I've Got a Feeling' including parts of of teachers, 'Hunger Strike,' 'Say Hello 2 Heaven' and 'Jane Says' (by Jane's Addiction). Excellent show. notes: Ed's voice problems caused cancellation of similarities of critical, this show. He got his calf tattooed this day. soundcheck: Even Flow (3x), Alive (4x), Even Flow (3x), Alive (2x) set: Release, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Once, (Sympathy for the Devil), Porch.
enc: Jam, Alone, (Outshined)/Leash, (Hunger Strike), Garden, Jam. notes: Incredible amounts of argument essay, stagediving at this show cause Jeff to be concerned for of critical thinking his pedals and expository essay, he warns the crowd to be careful of the equipment. Similarities! Ed also expresses some distress: These heads you see up here . they're human. Ibm Oracle Case Studies! They break. If you wanna break someone's head, maybe you should do it with your head and not your boots, you pussies! 'Deep' is similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking introduced as a four-letter word called 'Deep.' Ed's intro to 'Alive': And maybe, what I think of this song is a world you would be in on linkedin vs resume MTV or something. No, listen, maybe it feels a little weird for me, cause I am a protector of this song as well, cause it's like as you know, your life. So I hope you listen to it in the right way, and I think live is probably the way. During a short 'Sympathy for the Devil' jam, Ed attempts to cool down the similarities and differences thinking, crowd by calling it the 'Waterpouring Song' and linkedin vs resume, pours water on the crowd.
With the crowd yelling for 'Hunger Strike,' Ed asks if there is a political strike going on and differences of critical and creative thinking in Holland cuz everywhere we go we hear people yelling about a hunger strike. He later treats the crowd to a short version of 'Hunger Strike' saying, I can't wait to tell Chris about that) and plays a little drum solo before 'Alone.' Ed tells the crowd he has a new tattoo and now he's a . walking piece of art. I used to be just a loser. He says he really wants to jump in classification, the crowd but is and differences and creative concerned people will grab his sore, tattooed leg. A super show.
set: Release, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Leash, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Once, Porch, Suggestion/Deep, Garden. notes: The show begins when Ed shouts, OK, turn off the fucking music; we are going to play now. Before 'Even Flow,' Ed says, There's a girl here whose mom followed her into the show, just to make sure she is safe! After 'Even Flow,' he talks of how they've played in of education in life essay, Holland for a few nights and how nice the people are. Similarities Thinking! After 'Leash,' Ed says, Eddie, jump in the audience.
That's what they want. I'd love to do that, but I am having a hard time singing . and you can help me . this is one of my favorite things that Stone plays, leading to 'Alive.' After 'Alive: I am sorry that music has to suffer but it was only expository about, just recently that I became one of you. I'm part of the crowd and I care about similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking you and if people are getting hurt, I'm gonna stop, OK? Are you alright? And if they are taken off the stage, please take them gently, sir . even if you're mad (to security). After 'Black,' there is a lot of importance of education in life, dialogue about of critical and creative thinking someone's lost and found spectacles; how they can get them back after the show. Ed says his famous Dutch words: Ik hou van jougoedverdoemeIk hou van jou, Godverdomme . (I love you, God damn it!) leading to 'Porch.' Great show with a lot of vs resume, interaction, despite Ed's sore throat. set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Porch. enc: Rotterdam Improv #1 (Straight to and differences of critical, Hell Now)/Garden, (Outshined)/Leash, Rotterdam Improv #2/I've Got a Feeling. notes: Another wild, fabulous Holland show.
The video guide really tells the story of this show . in other words, it must be seen to studies, be believed. set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of of critical thinking, Love and ibm oracle case, Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy/Jam, Why Go, Porch, Improv/Saying No/Improv, Garden, (Outshined)/Leash. notes: Scully, Stone's guitar tech, joins PJ on guitar during 'Even Flow.' set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Rockin' in and differences, the Free World, Jam/Dirty Frank ramblings, Porch. encore: Garden, Leash. notes: First live 'Rockin' in fear, the Free World' played by PJ, with Ed starting off by saying, If we're gonna play it anywhere, we should play it here.
Returning for the encore, Ed notes, Just one thing, so it's clear . Of Critical Thinking! we are not the vs resume, sound of Seattle. Similarities Thinking! There are many sounds of Seattle. During the 'Garden' jam, Ed tells the vs resume, crowd to pass him to and differences of critical, the back and then thanks them when he returns to the stage. set: Release, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, (I'm Not Crazy)/Once, Rockin' in the Free World, Porch, Suggestion/Improv, Garden, Leash, I've Got a Feeling. notes: 'RitFW' is played with a different, slow intro. The 'I've Got a Feeling' lyrics are modified to, Everybody misses Andy, but he is everywhere . set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, (Improv)/Jeremy, Once, Alive, Black, (Where Do The Children Play)/State of Love and Trust, Deep, Rockin' in linkedin vs resume, the Free World, Porch, Suggestion/Breath, Outshined/Leash. notes: Ed comments, There's a bunch of Americans in the audience.
Hope they're not offending anyone . as they are known to do. Before 'Jeremy' he says, They're building Jeff a special bass for this next song and they're almost done with it. He continues to stall by singing a little song my mom used to sing to me and and differences of critical thinking, sings a song about killing your neighbors . mommy told me to, and resume on qa, then intros Jeremy saying I wish he would have killed his parents. Then maybe he wouldn't have killed himself. The lead-in to 'SOLT' is and differences of critical and creative a Cat Stevens song. This show has a great, 7-minute version of 'Breath.' set: Once, Even Flow, Alive, Why Go, Black, Jeremy, Oceans, Porch, Garden, Deep, Release.
enc: Leash, (Outshined)/State of Love and teaching essay, Trust, Munich Improv/Rockin' in the Free World, I've Got a Feeling. notes: This is the only concert where all songs on Ten are played straight through in order and and differences of critical, PJ is in a very up mood. Ed even notes when the vinyl gets flipped and linkedin vs resume, side two begins. This is the and differences of critical and creative thinking, final European show of this tour and teaching argument, neither the crowd nor PJ can seem to get enough tonight. soundcheck: Oceans, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Jeremy, Porch. set [aired version, 30 min]: Even Flow, Jeremy, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Porch.
set [complete, 51 minute set]: Oceans, State of Love and and differences of critical and creative thinking, Trust, Alive, Black, Jeremy, Porch, Even Flow, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: In a riveting performance, PJ shows the world that their talent is tremendous and case, the songs solid, despite the lack of similarities of critical thinking, electric guitars (and using rented equipment). Ibm Oracle Case! 'Oceans' and 'RitFW' were recorded, but never aired. Mike plays quite a lot of 'Angie' after 'State of similarities and differences and creative, Love and Trust' (during a break) and teaching essay, later, riffs from Deep Purple's 'Smoke on the Water' prior to 'RitFW.' (The PJ Unplugged was originally aired on 5/13/92.) support act: Eleven. set: Wash, (Outshined)/Once, Even Flow, State of similarities, Love and sample, Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, crowd/Ed vocal jam/Suggestion/Jeremy, Why Go, Porch. support act: Eleven. set: Wash, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Improv/Black, State of Love and Trust, Once, Porch. notes: At one point during the similarities and differences of critical thinking, show, Mike silently mumbles on a microphone that Billy Corgan is in on qa, attendance. Similarities Of Critical And Creative! Ed thinking that the audience doesn't hear him, repeats it and the crowd responds with applause. Classification! Corgan doesn't perform, but just hangs out by the side of the stage.
support act: Smashing Pumpkins. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Improv/Black, State of Love and and differences and creative thinking, Trust, Once, Rockin' in the Free World, Porch, (Outshined)/Leash, I've Got a Feeling/(Dirty Frank) notes: Ed's intro to 'Even Flow': Shall we kick ass? Jimmy from the SP and Ed's brother join PJ during 'I've Got a Feeling.' support act: Smashing Pumpkins. soundcheck: Jeremy, Deep. set: Release, Improv (You Tell Me)/Even Flow, Rockin' in the Free World, Once, State of Love and classification, Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Porch. enc 1: Garden, Leash. enc 2: Window Paine, I've Got a Feeling. notes: Part of this show was broadcast on FM radio.
Ed is similarities very upbeat and modifies the 'Release' lyrics to, I am myself in this, your hometown, likely referring to sample resume on qa, his father's hometown (Chicago). He notes, The person the next song is written about is here tonight before an similarities and differences, incredible 'Why Go.' Billy Corgan (wearing a dress) and D'Arcy from linkedin vs resume The Smashing Pumpkins join PJ for similarities of critical thinking 'Window Paine' and 'I've Got a Feeling.' Members of U2 were at the show this night, sizing PJ up as possible tour openers in Europe, and they met up with the band after the ibm oracle case, show. support act: Eleven. support act: Eleven. support act: Eleven. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Once, Porch, Breath, Happy Birthday, Leash. notes: During 'Porch,' Ed climbs up onto the balcony and and differences and creative thinking, starts working his way all the way around the venue on sample resume on qa the edge of the balcony.
About 3/4 of the of critical and creative, way around, two security guards grab him and pull him off the edge. They don't realize who he is, thinking he is a fan climbing. Vs Resume! When they realize their error, they let him go. Ed stands on the edge of the balcony and then drops down onto the crowd below - quite a drop but they catch him! Then he swims to and differences and creative, the stage, picks up the mic and says, I can do . whatever the fuck I want! 'Happy Birthday' is sung to in life essay, Mike. Ed introduces Henry Rollins and and creative thinking, someone (tour manager, Eric Johnson) looking and studies, dressing very much like Henry comes on stage. Of Critical Thinking! Henry has a huge happy face drawn on his back with magic marker. set: Oceans, Improv/Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Once, Porch, Garden. notes: 'Oceans' has an unusual improv ending.
Acoustics are bad, with Ed saying, I know this ain't the greatest room, Brett. Classification Essay Of Teachers! But come on, can't you do something? I wasn't gonna say anything, but these people here came to like see and hear a show. It just sounds like fuckin' crap! By the way, happy birthday you fart, you shithead. Then he sings, Happy birthday to and differences of critical thinking, you, happy birthday to about fear, you, the room it sounds great (sarcastically), happy birthday to you. support act: Eleven.
support act: Eleven. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, Improv/State of Love and Trust, Once, Porch. enc: (Suggestion), Garden/(Outshined), Leash. notes: Packed to similarities and differences and creative, the rafters, Jeff threatens to hurt someone if the equipment is destroyed. Ed comments that the ibm oracle case, band saw the Boston Celtics play that night and similarities, I just want to say . Sample! that the Chicago Bulls suck. 'Dirty Frank' is on the setlist but not played. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Once, Porch, Garden, Leash, Rockin' in similarities and creative thinking, the Free World. notes: Ed sings two lines of 'Release' a capella before 'Alive,' and during Mike's solo at the end he strips off his shirt and dives into the crowd. Ed says the band was thinking about linkedin moving to of critical thinking, Philadelphia, sick of all the linkedin, Seattle hype, and Jeff adds, That's only because [Charles] Barkley lives here. Ed starts asking for Sir Charles, saying he's on the list that night. The fans shout out, 1, 2, 3, 4! for thinking the start of 'Porch.' Ed scales a wall during the jam and edges his way along the balcony.
He makes his way to the other side, where he falls backwards (a la the sample on qa, 'Even Flow' video) into the waiting crowd's hands, who carry him back to the stage just in time for the end of the jam section. During 'Leash,' Ed scales a crew member wearing a cape and hat and sings second half of the and differences of critical and creative thinking, song from sample atop his shoulders. Fantastic show. soundcheck: Alive, Alive, Porch, Porch. notes: A very enthralling TV performance. The band also appear briefly in a Sharon Stone skit. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Suggestion/Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Once, Porch. enc: Leash, Rockin' in the Free World, I've Got a Feeling, Release. notes: Ed drums briefly before 'Leash.' Typically an opening song, 'Release,' closes this show in similarities of critical and creative thinking, an unusual fashion.
04/13/92 - Ritchie Coliseum, University of Maryland: College Park, MD [70m] set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Porch, Garden, (Outshined)/Leash, Rockin' in the Free World. support act: Tribe After Tribe. notes: Fans were given a refund since PJ didn't play due to Ed's laryngitis. Tribe After Tribe did play, with Jeff and Stone in attendance at sample resume, this old warehouse. support act: Follow For Now. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Wash, Porch, Rockin' in the Free World, Alive (setlist incomplete) notes: This show was nearly canceled due to Ed's voice problems.
Ed tells the crowd they will have to help him with the singing because his voice is shot. The show opens with a long version of 'Oceans.' However, he performs like a maniac, hurling himself in the crowd and walking across people's hands to the back soundboard (Legion Field is an outdoor venue) during 'Porch', surfing back to similarities thinking, the stage. The set closes with 'Alive' with members of Follow For Now (a local Athens band similar to Living Colour) joining PJ, An epic performance with the crowd in a frenzy for the entire show. notes: Canceled due to Ed's voice problems. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and linkedin vs resume, Trust, (I'm Not Crazy)/Once, Porch. enc: Improv/Garden, Baba O'Riley, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: Ed remarks, So these are the fancy seats. You guys don't sweat as much up there, huh? I got nothin' against similarities and differences you, but these people down here would probably call you pussies.
But then again, let's not be separatists . we're all people, right? Then he references a kid named Eric who was too young to get in and tells the crowd to yell hi to Eric. Scully is essay wished a happy birthday and the crowd is invited to meet the band later for similarities and differences and creative thinking a birthday party. 'Baba O'Riley' sounds pretty rough still. set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of Love and linkedin, Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Porch. enc: Suggestion/Leash, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: Concert canceled due to and differences of critical thinking, Ed's vocal problems. support act: Swervedriver, Monster Magnet. set: Wash, Once, Suggestion, Even Flow, State of Love and vs resume, Trust, Alive, Improv (including Brass in Pocket)/Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Porch, Improv, Leash. notes: Toward the similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking, end of 'Porch,' the show is stopped when someone in essay about, the crowd appears to be injured and paramedics are called for. Of Critical And Creative Thinking! (MTV has footage of PJ playing 'RITFW' with Soundgarden: check this out.) If the date is in life accurate, PJ must have joined Soundgarden's set to play this.) notes: PJ is thinking just one of many bands featured at this large, free outdoor event. Sample! A handbill from this event lists Tribe After Tribe and the ska band, Let's Go Bowling.
set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of similarities and differences of critical, Love and essay, Trust, Alive, Improv/Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Improv, Porch, Garden, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: After 'Garden,' the band sings 'Happy Birthday' to Smitty. Ed also says something about autographing some carrots for the crowd: Pearl Jam . the band with a message. Stay healthy. Eat your carrots. Of Critical And Creative Thinking! (The Ranch Bowl is actually a large bowling alley with a music club and outdoor patio.) soundcheck: Even Flow, Release. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, (I'm Not Crazy)/Once, Improv/Porch, Suggestion, Garden, Leash, Rockin' in the Free World. support act: Tribe After Tribe.
set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Porch. enc: Suggestion/Garden, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: An enthusiastic performance with Jeff's family in attendance. A bit of Seal's 'Crazy' is heard before 'State of Love and linkedin vs resume, Trust.' Jeff steps up to the mic at the start of the similarities and differences of critical thinking, encore and thanks everyone for coming. 'Porch' is ibm oracle case particularly rocked out and jammy, with Ed asking the crowd to sing the start of the song, which they do, perfectly. 'RitFW' has an unusual intro. Similarities And Differences Of Critical Thinking! This show could be titled Guitars Bite the Dust . Mike pulls the strings off one guitar and two others are tossed to the crowd. support act: Tribe After Tribe. notes: Tickets for the show were $10, which sold out about a week before the teaching essay, show.
Jeff watches Tribe After Tribe's opening set from the of critical and creative, side of the stage. PJ's intro music is 'By The Time I Get To Arizona' by Public Enemy. Ed mentions voting for ibm oracle case studies Martin Luther King Day during their set. 'RITFW' is and differences of critical and creative played (likely a closing song). set: Alive, Even Flow, Footsteps. notes: Interview with recordings of 'Alive' and 'Even Flow' played. First time 'Footsteps' played (live). This version is released later on the 'Jeremy' discs. support act: Tribe After Tribe. set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Improv (Part Where I Play the Pope)/(Crazy)/Porch, Suggestion/Garden, Rockin' in the Free World, Footsteps.
notes: Ed intros 'Footsteps:' I wrote this a long time ago to their [Stone Jeff's] music. There was 'Alive,' and then 'Once,' and then this song, and we didn't play it together until last night, and it kinda came out good so we're gonna try to play it right now . support act: Tribe After Tribe and Rage Against the Machine. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Improv (I Got No Where to Go)/Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Improv (Don't Try to get Inside My Head)/Once, Crazy/Porch. enc: Garden, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: 'Crazy' is a Seal song, but the lyrics are sung to the melody from 'The Part Where I Play the Pope.' set: Wash, Once, Improv (Homeless/My Mama Told Me/You Tell Me), Even Flow, State of Love and Trust, Alive, Improv (I Can't Explain)/Black, Deep, Jeremy, (Sympathy for the Devil), I've Got a Feeling, Why Go, Porch.
enc: Leash, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: A very nice, unusual set including lots of covers and resume on qa, improvs and similarities, PJ in ibm oracle studies, a great mood. 'I Can't Explain' is a Who cover, but the tune is the same as 'The Part Where I Play the Pope.' Corey Glover, Living Colour's singer, joins PJ for thinking 'RitFW.' (Ed gives Living Colour a little nod earlier in the show inserting the first couple of teaching argument, lines from 'Open Letter to a Landlord' in front of 'SoLT.' Quite nice!) 05/16/92 - The Catalyst: Santa Cruz, CA. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Improv/Black, State of Love and of critical, Trust, (I'm Not Crazy)/Once, (Owner of a Lonely Heart), Happy Birthday, Porch. enc 1: Suggestion, Garden, (School's Out)/(Outshined)/Leash.
enc 2: Angel, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: Just before 'Porch,' PJ sings 'Happy Birthday' to ibm oracle studies, Dave, with a few opening bars of 'Owner of a Lonely Heart' played before. Similarities And Creative! Ed starts chatting after 'Leash'. stuff about great audience, really nice to them, etc. Importance In Life! Then he says, It's Dave's birthday and and differences of critical and creative thinking, he's gonna play guitar for of teachers the first time in front of people ever . and usually when we play, I just let people know what's on similarities and differences thinking my mind cuz, I dunno, it usually takes over. Tonight also is importance of education like the night that me and my girlfriend have been together for eight years. It's serious. Similarities Of Critical! It's probably the sole reason that I'm alive. But, ah, that's why I wanna stick around on sample on qa earth. I don't ever wanna be an angel or nothin'. I wanna be right here with her and, ah, so let's try this song. Dave plays guitar while Ed sings 'Angel.' This is the similarities and creative thinking, first, of only resume on qa, a few times, that 'Angel' is and creative thinking played live.
05/20/92 - Gas Works Park: Seattle, WA (canceled) notes: PJ planned this free Rock the Vote show only to have their permit dismissed two days earlier by officials expressing concerns over crowd control issues. Ibm Oracle! Officials felt that the park wasn't large enough for the crowd (25,000 people were expected) that would come and that opening act Seaweed was a punk band which would attract an similarities and differences, undesirable crowd. Importance Of Education Essay! Unable to reschedule, the of critical and creative thinking, band set up skateboard ramps and Ed showed up, apologizing and chatting with fans, and partying and jamming with members of Seaweed and Seven Year Bitch, who did perform. (This show was eventually rescheduled at the end of PJ's Lollapalooza tour at Magnuson Park .) attendance: 4,000 (sold out; venue over sample on qa capacity) support act: Mystery Machine. notes: Originally scheduled for the Town Pump (a small bar), this show moved venues (the Plaza of Nations is outdoors) due to and differences thinking, high ticket demand. The band threatens to quit midway through the set when Stone is hit twice by shoes being thrown.
set: Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Once, Porch. enc: Suggestion/I've Got A Feeling, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: PJ's first large festival concert. support act: Red Kross, L7, Therapy. supporting: The Cult. set: Wash, Once, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Even Flow, Porch.
enc: Rockin' in the Free World. notes: Amazing version of 'Black.' 'Even Flow' is dedicated to Dee from importance of education essay L7 as she . Similarities And Differences Of Critical And Creative! hasn't had her period for nearly two months. Lyrics are modified to . pillows made of Tampax. Ed encourages the linkedin vs resume, crowd to tape shows. Hopping into the crowd during 'Porch,' Ed barely makes it back to the stage as security mistakes him for a stagediver. support act: Eleven. set: Even Flow, Why Go, (Rain)/Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, Leash, Once, Porch, Suggestion/Pulled Up, Rockin' in the Free World.
notes: PJ's largest live audience yet. Show was broadcast on Dutch TV. 'Rain' is and differences and creative thinking a Beatles tune. Resume On Qa! 'Pulled Up' is a Talking Heads cover, perhaps a mini-tribute to David Byrne, who also played at this festival. Awesome versions of similarities, 'Alive' and 'RitFW.' support act: Eleven. set: Release, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, Jam/Once, Porch, Suggestion, Garden, (Outshined)/Leash, Rockin' in the Free World. support act: Eleven. set: Footsteps, Once, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, Part Where I Play the Pope/Even Flow, Porch, Garden, Rockin' in ibm oracle case studies, the Free World. support act: Bad Religion, Sisters of Mercy. set: Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, Leash, Once, Porch. notes: A hot and similarities thinking, dusty arena with a core of linkedin, fans moshing in front of the stage - the rest of the of critical thinking, audience is clearly here to see Bad Religion and the Sisters of classification essay of teachers, Mercy. PJ is seemingly upset about the fact that there is a huge gap between the crowd and of critical, the stage. Importance Of Education In Life Essay! Ed tries to similarities and differences and creative thinking, make up for it by leaving the teaching argument essay, stage multiple times and doing really long and wild crowdsurfs.
Ed does the similarities and differences, 'Crazy' improv before 'Once.' During 'Porch,' Ed climbs the teaching argument essay, very high light scaffolding and dances. A furious and and differences and creative thinking, breathtaking performance. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State, Once, Porch. enc : Leash, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: A large, outdoor event on a very, very hot afternoon featuring many artists including Bad Religion, Concrete Blonde, Sisters of essay of teachers, Mercy and Fury in the Slaughterhouse. Little is known about the setlist. A snippet from The Police's 'Invisible Sun' was played at the start of and differences and creative, 'RitFW.' set: Wash, Once, Even Flow, State of Love and essay, Trust, Alive, Improv/Black, Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Porch. enc: Suggestion, Leash, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: Ed makes many references to the fact that he wishes this venue was smaller. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, State of Love and Trust, (Part Where I Play the and creative thinking, Pope)/Black, Alive, Improv (Once in Our Lives)/Once, Footsteps, (Three Little Birds), Deep, (Oh When the Saints)/Porch.
enc: jam/Suggestion, Garden, Rockin' in classification of teachers, the Free World. notes: There is much audience confrontation/interaction at this show. Similarities Thinking! Apparently some members of the audience are displeased and want refunds. Vs Resume! Ed replies, That's OK . we'll give it to you twice back. This show was broadcast on Italian TV. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, State of Love and Trust, Improv (Love You Hate You), Black, Alive, (I'm Not Crazy)/Once, Footsteps, Deep, Leash, jam (Shower the and differences of critical thinking, People/Brass in Pocket/Meaningless), Porch, Improv/Suggestion/Garden, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: PJ is in importance in life, a good mood and of critical and creative thinking, Ed recalls last time when they played in Switzerland in a very small place with no amps and how cool it was. The Mamasan trilogy is performed and teaching argument, explained as follows: The next three songs . we've never really played them together, but they go together. You wanna hear about it? I never told anybody about this before.
I don't wanna ruin any interpretations of the songs that you have, but it's about incest and it's about murder and all those good things. Similarities! And if you can picture it in your mind, the teaching argument, third song takes place in similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking, a jail cell so this is our own little mini-opera here . and 'Alive' is played. The second song of the trilogy , 'Once,' has a lead in: What you did to me, ain't right . problem child . Linkedin! cuz I ain't crazy. Once upon a time . and Ed screams into a raging 'Once.' And just before Footsteps,' So this is act three. And Differences! 'Shower the People' is a James Taylor cover. 'Brass in Pocket,' is teaching essay a Pretenders song with the and differences thinking, lyrics revised a bit. Studies! (I'll kick the fuck outta you . I don't give a fuck.) Ed refers to 'Suggestion' as, . the same song my dad used to sing to similarities, me when he beat me. Classification Of Teachers! A great show featuring an excellent version of similarities thinking, 'Porch.' set: Oceans, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, State of Love and Trust, Black, Alive, Jam/Once, Footsteps, Deep, Improv/Leash, Porch.
enc: Garden, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: The Mamasan trilogy appears again, broken with an unusual jam after 'Alive' along the lines of essay fear, everybody's somebody in here . Similarities And Creative Thinking! I'm not crazy . just a little bit. Ed talks about how someone who was interviewing him said he thought that fans didn't listen to lyrics and that PJ could just sing blah blah blah and vs resume, the crowd would like it. Ed says he doesn't believe that and similarities, would never sing blah blah blah. A cute improv surfaces after 'Deep': You can do what you want to, don't tell me what I must do . I guarantee I'll do the opposite of teachers . Thinking! don't tell me . I'll say fuck you. set: Oceans, Even Flow, Improv (Selfish Man)/Why Go, Jeremy, State of Love and Trust, Black, Alive, Once, Footsteps, Deep, Leash, Porch/Chants. enc: Improv/Garden, Rockin' in the Free World. notes: The trilogy is ibm oracle studies played in order. set: Driven to similarities and differences of critical, Tears, Throw Your Arms Around Me, Even Flow, Once, State of Love and on qa, Trust, Alive, Improv, Black, (Help Me Rhonda)/Deep, Jeremy, Why Go, Improv (The First Time), Porch. enc 1: Suggestion/Garden.
enc 2: Leash, I've Got a Feeling/(Dolly Dagger)/(Three Little Birds)/Rockin' in the Free World. enc 3: Release, Footsteps. notes: This show, originally scheduled for the Melody Club, was moved to this outdoor venue due to the current popularity of Ten. With no opening act, Ed and Mike took the stage to open with two acoustic songs. Ed is very chatty with the audience, beginning by saying, Today it just feels good . a fast one or a slow one? and playing the Police cover, 'Driven to similarities of critical, Tears.' Then, . it's a song about summer and outdoors and essay, playing the Hunters and Collectors tune, 'Throw Your Arms Around Me.' After the other PJ members take the stage, Let's just have fun tonight. intro's a ripping 'Even Flow.' Ed spies someone taping in and differences of critical thinking, the audience and remarks, This guy's making a tape recording . everybody be careful . don't make too much noise. Importance In Life Essay! No keep it out. I like that idea. He's OK. Similarities Thinking! Let him tape the show, yeah . Essay! we wanna remember this, right? A lot of stuff is and differences of critical being thrown on stage during this show.
After 'Once,' Ed, being hit by a shoe, becomes angry, and classification of teachers, holds the shoe up, and similarities and differences of critical, smiles, fills it with his beverage and studies, drinks from it. Wiping the similarities of critical, drops away from his mouth, he says, I'm crazier than any of you fucks (turning a stupid incident into something good). Then he says, This song is called . what's it called? and he passes the importance essay, mic out to the audience and similarities of critical thinking, some guy repeats, I'm crazier than you several times, and then State of love and trust which PJ plays next! Ed sings Help me Rhonda. Vs Resume! I'm in too deep, as a lead-in to similarities and differences and creative, 'Deep.' PJ is upset that this show was for 18+ ages only and later Ed comments, You know of this thing, Roskilde? We're playing tomorrow. After this, I feel like saying 'fuck it, let's just play here again.' This is the size! It's outdoors . About Fear! this is as big as it needs to get . next time it will be at this place, it will be all ages and it will be cheaper than it was today.
This was bullshit and I don't dare say that unless I plan to live up to it so we will live up to it. And Differences! We'll see you there then, OK? 'Release' is played because they forgot to teaching argument, play it earlier and 'Footsteps' is started with the Temple of the Dog version ('Times of Trouble') lyrics and then Ed explains the origin of the song and they restart it. (1,730k) So sad that this very happy night was marred by some of the band's personal items being stolen backstage as they played. set: Redemption Song, Even Flow, Why Go, Jeremy, Deep, Alive, Black, State of Love and Trust, (I'm Not Crazy)/Once, Porch. notes: Noting the similarities and differences, HUGE crowd, Ed jokes, . I made a mistake . I thought 'Roskilde' meant 'small club' . I fucked up. After a fan makes it to ibm oracle studies, the stage, stage dives and begins getting beaten by and differences and creative thinking security, band members and Eric (tour manager) jump into case studies the audience to assist. Security doesn't seem to recognize the band and they have difficulty returning to similarities of critical, the stage, which is fairly far from the crowd. Linkedin! Ed is clearly pissed and says next time they will pass out photos to security. After the thievery of similarities of critical, his journal the night before in Stockholm and this incident (combined with exhaustion from nearly ten months of teaching, solid touring), the balance of the tour is similarities and differences of critical and creative canceled. 06/26/92 - Singles soundtrack (featuring previously unreleased recordings of 'Breath' and 'State of Love and Trust') is released. 06/27/92 - Ruisrock Festival: Turku, Finland (canceled) notes: PJ would have shared the bill with Nirvana.
06/28/92 - Kalvyafestivalen: Oslo, Norway (canceled) notes: PJ would have shared the bill with Nirvana. 06/30/92 - Brixton Academy: London, England (canceled) 07/01/92 - Astoria: London, England (canceled) 07/02/92 - Eurockenes Festival: Belfort, France (canceled) 07/04/92 - Torhout Festival: Belgium (canceled)
07/05/92 - Werchter Festival: Belgium (canceled) Copyright 1996-2004 Jean Bruns, All Rights Reserved.
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How to write a Killer Resume that lands an Interview! Published by Nico Robin Salazar • February 10, 2012. P rofessional resume writing is easier said than done. Many resume preparation services claim that their professional resumes won more interviews. When professional resume writers craft a resume, they know they only have 15 seconds to catch the similarities and differences of critical thinking hiring manager’s attention. As a newbie in resume writing, can you create a professional resume that will land you the interview and eventually get the job?
Your resume is like a product brochure of yourself. Selling yourself to essay your prospect employer is your main goal. Whether you like it or not, you must accept the and creative thinking fact that you are represented by your resume. No matter how hard you try, no matter how you look or dress, Employers will still be looking at on qa, your resume first. Remember, first impressions last. Competition is tight that’s why you have approximately 15 seconds to make your resume noticeable and similarities thinking stand out from the rest. So before you throw out your great speech, build a good resume and make it look good. Here is importance in life our 10 basic things you should do in writing your own resume: Basic rule of writing your resume: Be Brief. The more you write, the of critical thinking longer your professional resume gets, especially if you have running quite long years of career experience. Sample? “Brief” can no longer be achieved.
To resolve this, start by similarities of critical thinking making a plain long version of essay about fear, your resume. Write everything that you can think of which can help you not forget anything that describes your career. Start by similarities and differences thinking listing categories such as Personal Information down to the Work Experiences, Relevant Skills, Honors and Awards, Trainings and Character References. Don’t worry about formatting your curriculum vitae, we’ll come to that later on. Essay? Add another category if you prefer, as long as it adds value to your professional resume. Then fill out every category to complete your list. The next step in your professional resume writing is to trim down your long listed draft resume. Trimming down your long list is a bit difficult.
You want to include everything that you have listed, but that’s impossible! Let go of the irrelevant facts about you. Include only the most important details. Anything that is and differences out-dated should go. Delete those work experiences that has nothing to do with the desired position you’re applying for. So get rid of your five month service on the neighborhood fast food chain if you’re applying for ibm oracle case, the supervisory position of similarities, huge IT Company.
After you have trimmed down your resume, you can now format it to ibm oracle case make it look good. There’s no standard format for a professional resume for and differences, as long as it’s neat, organized and essay about concise. It is easier to read your resume if it is organized. In writing a resume, it is important to similarities and creative thinking be concise with every sentence you have written. HR folks are not fond of spending twenty minutes in reading your professional resume. Your prospect employer has a limited time reading everything you’ve written.
Piece of resume on qa, advice, just cut the crap off and get to the point immediately. Similarities And Differences Of Critical Thinking? If you want to expository about include something in your curriculum vitae, write it but make sure that you polish your sentences. It is and differences of critical and creative easier to read a professional resume that is concise and neat. CV writing will not be complete if you don’t cross to the customization of your personal brochure. Most people prefer to apply one template for all the job application they attend to. Do not settle with only one format for your resume. The same template will not work for all companies. Resume On Qa? Maintain at least two different executive resume formats. Similarities And Differences? Each one will highlight different types of work, skills, and resume experiences that you have gathered from the past. Customize your resume depending on the needs of the position you’re applying for. Resume development is similarities and differences and creative thinking hard if you have no idea on how to do it, but for studies, starters, you can just copy a specific format from the and creative thinking internet.
Avoid the Cliches. Avoid phrases that are heavily used and profanely abused. This will elevate your resume among the others. Avoid the phrases such as: Responsible for Experienced in Excellent written communication skills Team Player Good Leadership Skills Detail-oriented Successful Meticulous to details. Most professional resume writing services uses this approach to in life essay satisfy their customer’s needs and it is similarities and creative proven to be more effective. To level yourself higher, at resume, least come up with an interesting and attention-grabbing phrase like what professional resume writers do, something that can position you at the middle of the stage.
Employers love applicants that jump out of the box. Be more creative. Instead of saying “Successful” or “Good leadership skills”, why not incorporate the similarities and creative thinking phrase to your previous work such as “Successfully spearheaded a team to argument essay transition the production department from regular to contractual employees.” Specify the and creative thinking value of your accomplishments. The best way to handle your accomplishments from your current position is to highlight them in your professional resume by specifying the financial impact, whether cost reduction or raising revenue to the company. Resume with quantifiable accomplishment has a higher value than those without. An accomplishment written like “Decreased the annual production cost by 40%” is more appealing than “develop a production cost savings”. Bear in mind that Employers want to know what you can do for them, how you have contributed in your previous position or company and how you are going to be an asset for them. Employers love catching big fishes, that’s the reality. Keywords, Keywords and about fear More Keywords. In professional resume writing, instead of using cliche words, we suggest that you use keywords that can grab the and creative attention of the importance HR folks.
Consider highlighting good job related keywords in and creative thinking resume so it’s easy for them when they scan your resume. Don’t just put any keyword, match them to the job requirement to be more attractive. If they’re looking for a candidate that have an extensive experience on expository essay, a specific computer software and by chance you’re proficient with it, then you have the right to and differences thinking put it in ibm oracle case your resume. As much as you want to and differences thinking hide the fact that you’ve been job-hopping from quite some time now, you can’t. They will notice it while looking at your professional resume. Companies hate job-hoppers and they are bad for business. If you’re guilty with this crime, you have to do some significant modifications in your resume. Rather than highlighting the dates, divert their attention by importance in life essay putting the of critical thinking years of your employment terms. A professional resume is advisable to linkedin keep it very short, brief and straightforward.
Many claims that a resume can be as short as a one page resume. But what if you have enough experience and credentials to really showcase your career, knock yourself out and add another page. But if not and similarities of critical and creative you just want to write irrelevant stuffs, believe me, stick to a one-paged resume. Sample Resume? Rule of of critical and creative thinking, thumb: Restrict it to two pages maximum. Experts say that it is easier to proofread a document when it is of education in life printed. True.
Start your proofreading by running a wrong spelling and grammar check. Take your time with it, you don’t have to rush. You have one shot to make a first impression and you don’t want to mess it. Similarities And Differences And Creative Thinking? When proofreading your resume, mark all your changes before you go back to your computer. Another proofreading technique is to argument start from the bottom of the page upward. If you’re still in and creative doubt, get someone to review your work. You may get used to reading your resume that’s why you almost memorize every single word written there. Studies? Unfortunately, common errors occur when you reach that state.
More from BenDaggers.COM Download the Latest SSS Contribution Table Reasons Why Nuffnang Ads Is Not Showing Up: The Hibernating Truth About You, Your Blog and Nuffnang. Of Critical Thinking? BIR Withholding Tax Table 2011 Download Survive the 15 Possible Job Interview Killer Questions. is a freelance blogger and college drop out student. He writes about anything that interests him. While being a college drop out student and an unemployed citizen of the ibm oracle case Philippines, he makes his time worth while by similarities of critical doing volunteer works. 28 Responses to How to write a Killer Resume that lands an Interview! Such great advice! I rarely come across advice that is vs resume actually going to help people when it comes to resume writing – but this post is fantastic. Similarities And Differences Of Critical Thinking? We are always talking about resume writing at The best tip, which you include here, is to customize your resume for the job you are applying to. I know it can be time consuming but since recruiters scan your resume in less than 30 seconds, you have to pull keywords and incorporate them in order to stand out.
Thanks for sharing this! a good resume is content-driven, not design driven. About? Good tips. As a recruiter, I would recommend including “non-relevant” jobs, especially if taking them out would leave odd time gaps in your resume. You just don’t need to include a lot of details, or put the similarities of critical and creative thinking non-relevant jobs in on qa a “additional work history” section. If you have employment gaps on your resume, employers will most likely be asking us (the recruiters) why. Much easier to have that information already available! One exception, if you can fill that shorter time periods with other relevant volunteer work/educational opportunities, etc. that could highlight more relevant skills. In reference to Jay Zuniga’s comments about a company requiring a degree, my experience confirms what he says. Similarities And Differences Thinking? I don’t have a degree, but I’m ex military, and I have much more experience, practical experience, than anyone will gain in of teachers a classroom, but I’ve been turned down or completely disqualified from similarities thinking a job, solely because I didn’t have a piece of paper from argument essay some college. For further confirmation, I have years of of critical thinking, hands-on IT experience, but not a degree.
5 years ago I was given the responsibility of creating the IT dept for our company. Essay Of Teachers? I managed everything – PCs, servers, cell phones, aircards, data center… I was recently laid-off so I could be replaced with a person who has a degree. This person is being paid more than I was, has less IT experience than I do, and he doesn’t even have a degree in anything IT related. I can’t express how happy I am to be away from that type of mentality – “if you don’t have a degree you must be stupid unqualified.” How about using a tool like CV Maker?
Great article. Check out to create a free eportfolio. Nice Post. It’s really a very good article. I noticed all your important points. Thanks” LOL.. Similarities And Differences? Nice description of the author.. Nice article!
Quick note… if you are detailed oriented, make sure that you fully read all emails. I started requesting that all resumes be submitted in pdf format. Made it very clear. Not because pdf is great, but because I wanted to see how well people read and execute. Very few people submitted in pdf format, many of the .doc and asci submissions said “detail oriented” or other variations of that concept.
I didn’t automatically exclude non-conforming candidates, but did consider it on some level. Dan: I only that someday you are held up to expository about the scrutiny that you put others through. I always like to see resumes that are accomplishment oriented, especially when they are from people with 10+ years of similarities of critical thinking, experience. That means, don’t just list what you are/were supposed to do at expository essay about fear, an employment, but demonstrate what you are proud of similarities and differences and creative, (and preferably in teaching argument a quantitative way or measurable successes). This is and creative very wise advice, Raymart Montemayor.
An example might be – “Developed database resulting in 73% improvement in inventory accuracy” Haha Video Resume reminds me of an episode of How I Met Your Mother. Studies? It’s pretty hilarious. Similarities And Creative Thinking? On topic, this is very useful. Thanks for the tips! Not a day after I submit my resume for summer employment. Resume? Greatttt. I keep mine to a single page. You’d be surprised to similarities and differences thinking find also that many employers don’t care about your education level unless you’re up against case studies someone with equal experience.
In the and differences of critical IT field especially, degrees are nothing more than a checkbox. About Fear? Completely worthless pieces of paper. If an employer is hell bent on you having a degree in IT, then you don’t want that job. In my experience, that kind of mentality means the workplace is going to be more focused on similarities and differences of critical thinking, politics rather than accomplishing any actual work. what if you don’t have (m)any accomplishments, and you’ve kinda been unemployed for awhile but still want a decent job. what do you put then? If you proofread from the argument essay bottom up then you will find it very difficult to spot any grammar problems.
Sometimes, to get through a company’s e-filter, you need to have those phrases in your resume. Words like Organized, Developed, Expert in similarities and differences of critical and creative thinking are all words that those systems look for, and if your resume is lacking those words – you may be thrown out before a human even looks at your resume. ^^ Exactly, I would suggest using the word only once and then a synonym for importance, it. I do not think that employers will frown upon those words, but repetition will annoy them. I have to totally agree with that one. I have applied with several hospitality positions lately. And Creative Thinking? When I kept getting automated rejection letters I called and ask why.
They said that their( a hotel) establishment chooses fesumes by a red, yellow, and green light system. Those who get a red light never even reach HR. So unfair. There’s a big difference between “proficient in teaching argument essay excel” and “expert in similarities and differences and creative thinking excel”. You’re playing the computer, not being arrogant. I use a C.V. Teaching Argument? instead of a resume, since I’m a freelance professional. And Differences Of Critical Thinking? It’s typically used by potential clients instead of employers and it needs to list all my publications. On Qa? Right now, the full thing runs about 9 pages.
But, I created it so that the top 2 pages are a traditional resume format and include a sample list of similarities of critical thinking, two or three publications. The entire first page is basically a summary of qualifications and those sample pubs. The second page fits in teaching argument education and similarities and differences and creative work experience. My summary of qualifications is done up as an easy-to-read list that I can change up quickly depending on the job I’m applying for. Essay About? And it leaves plenty of and creative, white space in both margins for people to write in. I’ve had more than one person review my resume and comment on essay, how nice it was to have space to write. So, I guess my tip is to build your resume to be adaptable, build it to be modular, and build it with the idea that you are not just listing your qualifications, you are designing a document. Document design is my business, so I approached it that way and and differences of critical and creative thinking it’s been pretty successful. If you aren’t interested in design, find someone who is to teaching help you out.
Do you have any advice regarding skills-based resumes? One job I applied for “preferred” that style and I don’t know a lot about it. They don’t seem to and creative thinking be all that common, at least in my field, and I wondered if there’s any sort of standard for that type. I have to essay about fear say, this article is similarities and creative thinking very timely. I’ve been doing a fair bit of job searching and I really appreciate all these tips. Thanks! I would add – try to become a person which is hunting by employers not hunts for… Let them run for you! Everyone can do something better than others and that’s the way.
Try to become a person who writes clearly so people like me can understand what you are trying to say. I use many job sites to advertise my skills and services, Is there an all round resume that would do the job? [forgive the pun!] Will tailor resume for certain jobs with a custom version which is a good idea. If getting yourself above everyone else is the name of the essay game, could say using fancy fonts, graphics, photos help? If you’re in similarities of critical and creative thinking an interview. Doesn’t that mean they’ve already scanned your resume? BenDaggers.COM is a site about type, typography, lettering, calligraphy and other related things that inspire me. Classification Of Teachers? I am a designer, illustrator and front-end developer with over 20 years experience in web, print and identity and am based on the south coast of England. I love hand-tracing and recreating old designs as vector artwork, and there are many examples of of critical, that in this site. Reproduction without explicit permission is prohibited. All Rights Reserved.
Disclaimer: The editor(s) reserve the right to argument edit any comments that are found to be abusive, offensive, contain profanity, serves as spam, is thinking largely self-promotional, or displaying attempts to harbour irrelevant text links for any purpose.