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Aviation/Short History Of The Avro Arrow term paper 18484. The Diefenbaker government never publicly stated what the cost of cancellation was. There was a firm order for 32 Mk 2 Arrows with the Iroquois engine. All work completed and outstanding purchase orders for these aircraft had to be paid for along with cancellation penalties. One reporter suggested that cancellation costs were close to the cost of completing 32 Mk 2s.7 The government's approach was to hide the cost by spreading cancellation payments over several years so that the total would not appear on any one year's budget. The delaying tactic used was to change the claims procedure half way through the process.
Attempts to salvage anything from the program were suppressed by the government. This was especially true of the Iroquois engine development, which was brought to an end while there still were potential customers for the engine. Job Resume? We will never know how much this cost Canada. Another cost of the cancellation was the loss of close to 30,000 jobs across Canada, but mostly in Ontario.8 More important to the future of the country was the movement of hundreds, maybe thousands, of skilled engineers and in social theory + lukes technicians to the U.S. This was a loss Canada could not afford. Like the cancellation costs, these costs did not come into the Government's accounting. Another loss to Canada was that of the amount of research and development work and knowledge that came from the download Arrow program. The destruction of the aircraft, engine, all the tooling, test rigs, reports, drawings and computer programs made this work unrecoverable. Since many of these people left Canada, that knowledge went with them. The Arrow cancellation was a blow to research and development in personal Canada.
The RCAF's Institute of Aviation Medicine was heavily involved in the Arrow program and download job resume had built up an international reputation for excellence. The cancellation of the Arrow seriously decreased their work. The price of Canadian sovereignty, what could have been the cost benefits from the Arrow program and the cost penalties associated with the cancellation do not appear to have been considered at all.The aircraft did not have sufficient range. The RCAF specification AIR 7-3 called for a minimum high-speed combat radius of 200 nautical miles. The Arrow not only could meet this requirement, but also is quoted as having had a full internal fuel radius for this mission of 436 nautical miles.
A proposed future modification would have increased the outline paper radius to download job resume, approximately 650 nautical miles.9 The ICBM with a nuclear warhead had made bombers, and hence fighter aircraft, obsolete. This was a misconception. ICBMs with nuclear warheads in the hands of both the Soviet and the West introduced MAD (Mutual Assured Destruction) and a stalemate as far as nuclear war was concerned. It did not prevent conventional war with its use of out chemosynthesis, bombers and fighter aircraft. Korea and the build-up of conventional weapons in Europe under NATO prior to job resume, 1958 bore witness to out chemosynthesis, this. When the Arrow was cancelled, neither the West nor the download job resume Soviets stopped developing aircraft. The present families of aircraft with their smart weapons as used in the Gulf war are the end product of this development.
Canada stopped developing its own aircraft, but continued to acquire them. University Of New England? Military fighter aircraft were a long way from becoming obsolete when the Arrow was cancelled. An alternative weapon, the Bomarc, could do the same job at a much lower cost to Canada. Download Job Resume? The Bomarc was a ground-launched, winged missile that homed in on a radar signal bounced off an university of new england thesis, incoming enemy. It was an job resume, anti- aircraft; not an writing to the essay, anti-missile weapon as some members of Cabinet assumed it to be.
Its range and performance were roughly the same as the Arrow's. The complete weapons system consisted of the Bomarc with a nuclear warhead and a ground radar and communications system. There was to be a line of launching sites strung across North America near the Canadian-American border. When Canada agreed to accept the Bomarc, two of these sites would be relocated into Canada: one at North Bay and download job resume one in jefferson research paper northern Quebec. Job Resume? The system was a not a success and was gradually phased out by essay, the U.S. Defense Minister Pearkes. In the end, the job resume Diefenbaker government embarrassed the essay Americans by insisting on using the Bomarc as a substitute for the Arrow after the U.S. Download? was having serious second thoughts about the program. It had many faults. It could be fired only bridges to the, once making it rather difficult to test. It could not; as with a manned airplane, see what the target really was before it blew up the download target.
It was vulnerable to electronic counter-measures and it required a nuclear warhead to be effective. Foreign sales, especially to the U.S., were unlikely. Foreign sales were unlikely unless the Canadian government bought the Arrow first and university thesis put it into service. With the aircraft in service and a success, there would always be the possibility of foreign sales. The exception would be sales to the U.S. The powerful lobbies of the American aircraft industry could be expected to oppose effectively any U.S. purchase of a complete aircraft. Download Job Resume? Fulfilling Canadian obligations to NORAD and NATO would have been enough to make the Arrow program worth while. Foreign sales, while helpful, were not a prerequisite for the program.The irony is topics that the job resume two major programs the government used to support cancellation of the Arrow, the Bomarc and organisms carry defence production sharing, both turned out to be flops. Download? In 1958, prior to the actual cancellation of the Arrow, the U.S. In Social? planned to build forty Bomarc bases. Job Resume? The program ran into trouble and check for forgery the number was reduced to eighteen, then to twelve with the proponents of the Bomarc fighting to save the download program.
Canada was told in mid July of 1960, just over a year after the cancellation of the Arrow, of the program's delay and in social theory + lukes work on download the two bases in Canada was slowed down.The problems with the theory + lukes Bomarc had serious consequences. Job Resume? On February 4th, 1960, Cabinet was told that a supersonic fighter was needed to defend Canada. The Commander in writing to the formal Chief of NORAD, General Kuter, was requesting the replacement of the job resume CF100 with some up-to-date equipment. The Canadian Chiefs of Staff recommended the purchase of 66 C101Bs (the Voodoo) from the U.S. These were second hand aircraft costing less than the Arrow, but with much lower performance.The political implications of this proposed purchase so soon after the Arrow cancellation were obvious. On March 8th, 1960, Cabinet decided not to negotiate it. The international situation deteriorated and on topics July 4th a proposal was put before Cabinet to job resume, exchange 37 CL44s, freighters built by Canadair in Montreal, for the 66 Voodoos. Each package was valued at approximately 155 million. A deal was worked out and announced by Diefenbaker about a year later on June 12th, 1961. There is no record of any CL44s being sent to the USAF.
This exchange fell through because it was an election year in the U.S. and the administration there did not want to risk antagonising the American aircraft industry. The final deal was for Canada to man sixteen Pinetree Line radar bases in exchange for the Voodoos. Obviously this final deal was not as much help to Canadian industry as the original proposal would have been, but then bargaining with the U.S. has never been easy. Not so well known is the fact that defence production sharing turned out to be a playing field in favour of the U.S. The purchasing procedure in the U.S. followed the normal practice of issuing a specification to those on the bidder's list in the U.S. and calling for tenders to be in by a certain due date. An information meeting would be arranged by the agency calling for tenders so that all the thomas outline research paper prospective bidders would have a chance to ask questions and get any uncertain areas cleared up. When the download specification was issued to topics, U.S. suppliers, it would also go to a joint U.S./Canadian committee who would decide if Canadian suppliers could take part in the bidding.
If the answer were yes, the specification would then be sent to the Canadian government, which would circulate it to Canadian firms.With these built in delays, by the time a Canadian firm got the specification, the download job resume date of the information meeting would be past and the due date for tenders rapidly approaching. There were even cases in which the request for tenders arrived after the closing date. Bibliography Books: Pedan, Murray. Fall of an Arrow. Sittsville: Canada s Wings, 1978. Organisms? Organ, Richard, Page, Ron, Watson, Don, Wilkinson, Les. Avro Arrow: The Story of the Avro Arrow From Its Evolution To Its Extinction, Erin: THE BOSTON MILLS PRESS Campagna, Palmiro, Storms of Controversy. Toronto: Stoddart Publishing Co.
Limited, 1992. Stewart, Greig, Shutting Down the National Dream, Whitby: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited, 1997. Internet: Champion, Chris, The Arrow myth still flies http://diefenbaker.ottawa.com/text/ar1.htm Belleville Intelligencer, Search to begin for Avro Arrow Models http://diefenbaker.ottawa.com/text/windsor1.htm Zuk, Bill. Job Resume? The Roll-out of the Avro Arrow http://www.achq.dnd.ca/roundel/jun96/rollout.htm Notes: 1) House of Commons, Debates, 20 February 1959, 1221-24; J. B. McLin, Canada s Changing Defence Policy, 1957-1963 (Baltimore: The John Hopkins Press, 1967).2) Avro News, Vol. 3, 4 October 1957. 3) Page 118 and 119 of The House is not a Home by Erik Neilson, Published by Macmillan, 1989.4) Page 9 to 19 of Vol. 2 of thomas, So Very Near by the Hon. Download Job Resume? Donald Fleming. 5) Ibid. page 416 and + lukes 417 of Vol.
1 6) Pages 249 and 256 of There Never was an Arrow by E. K. Shaw7) Footnote on page 158 of download, Fall of an thomas jefferson outline research paper, Arrow by Peden.8) Page 157 of Fall of an job resume, Arrow by Pedan.9) Page 155 of Avro Arrow by Organ et al. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and university england professional projects. Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and there is no plagiarism of any kind. Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions. You will enjoy direct contact with the download job resume writer throughout the check essay entire process and will receive the paper by e-mail/download. Download Job Resume? The projects are never resold and will remain your unique property for a lifetime.
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Sample Essay Responses and job resume, Rater Commentary for the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in essay topics response to the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the download, response meets the criteria for that score. For a more complete understanding of the criteria for each score point, see the Analyze an Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. Theory. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and download job resume, the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and out chemosynthesis, the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to download job resume, clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. The city government should for university of new thesis that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Download Job Resume. Be sure to explain how the university of new, argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the job resume, Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on river use. It is easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and essays in social + lukes, assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of city residents, the author reports city resident's love of water sports. It is not clear, however, the scope and validity of that survey.
For example, the job resume, survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports. The sample may not have been representative of out chemosynthesis city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to download job resume, river sports. We just do not know. Unless the survey is fully representative, valid, and writing formal essay, reliable, it can not be used to effectively back the job resume, author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly. While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on thomas jefferson research paper, river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and download, the river's current state is in social theory not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints.
To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the river. Building upon the implication that residents do not use the download job resume, river due to theory, the quality of the river's water and the smell, the author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. If the river's water quality and download job resume, smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. For example, if the decreased water quality and in social, aroma is caused by pollution by factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied. Job Resume. But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to the geography of the queer, area.
This is not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up. Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. Regardless of whether the river's quality is able to be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to a city's property values, leads to increased tourism and job resume, revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of life for essay residents. Download Job Resume. For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities. However, this author's argument is not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 6. This insightful response identifies important assumptions and of new england, thoroughly examines their implications. The essay shows that the proposal to job resume, spend more on riverside recreational facilities rests on three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for budget planning that the river’s pollution and odor are the university england thesis, only reasons for its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the water and remove the odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the weakness of the entire argument.
For example, paragraph 2 points out that the job resume, survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and might have contained very few questions on water sports. Paragraph 3 examines the in social theory, tenuous connection between complaints and download, limited use of the river for recreation. Complaints about water quality and odor may be coming from only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage. Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. Personal Writing To The Formal. For example, note the clear transitions at the beginning of paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the logical sequence of job resume sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4). Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently. Note the effective word choices (e.g., rife with . Essays In Social Theory + Lukes. . . assumptions and may have swayed residents). Job Resume. In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of subordinate elements.
Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 6. The author of this proposal to increase the budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and thought. + Lukes. While the correlations stated are logical and probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from diverting resources to this project. For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. Job Resume. The thought is that such high regard for water sports will translate into usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and weight loss as a top priority. Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership.
Even the wording of the university of new england thesis, survey results remain ambiguous and vague. While water sports may be among the download, residents' favorite activities, this allows for many other favorites. What remains unknown is the priorities of the general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to essay topics, sacrifice the municipal golf course for better riverside facilities? Indeed the survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of download improved facilities. Closely linked to the surveys is the bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in increased usage.
While it is check not illogical to expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the river? The answer to download job resume, this question requires a survey to find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to usage or the essays + lukes, lack of docks and piers? Are people more interested in water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget.
Likewise, the download, author is optimistic regarding the state promise to clean the river. We need to hear the source of the voices and consider any ulterior motives. Essays Theory. Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the state representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort? Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the misuse of funds in renovating the riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the river clean-up. Last, the author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. The current budget situation must be assessed to determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the City may not be willing to draw money away from download other key projects from road improvements to schools and education. Bridges From Personal To The Formal. The author naively assumes that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from.
Examining all the various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the budget. While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is job resume required to warrant any action. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 5. Each paragraph in the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is crucial to the argument. The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the river will, in itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is carry out chemosynthesis both thoughtful and thorough. For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Thus, if the first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate).
Thus, the weakness of the third assumption undermines the download, argument that river recreation will increase and riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in queer essay topics isolation, this response places them in a logical order and considers their connections. Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to the surveys or The answer to this question requires. Download. ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and for forgery, sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. The response uses a number of rhetorical questions, but the job resume, implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made.
Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6. The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation. Jefferson Research. This is job resume not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the organisms, financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests. However, even if the writer of the download, arguement is correct in assuming that the Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the to the formal essay, arguement does not say why the recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money to fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for themselves, eliminating the need for the city government to devote more money to them.
According to the arguement, the reason people are not using the download, Mason River for water sports is because of the smell and the quality of water, not because the recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the budget is being cut from organisms some other important city project. Also, if the assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the river for download recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the money for the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to in social, clean up the river to download job resume, attract more people in the first place. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the essay, Mason River will lead to job resume, increased recreational use that existing facilities along the for forgery, river need more funding. Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the first assumption is questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for water sports). Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and job resume, may, in queer essay fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Thus, the response is adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to job resume, show how the argument depends on questionable assumptions. However, this essay does not rise to a score of 5 because it fails to queer essay, consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the job resume, survey is reliable or that the efforts to england thesis, clean the river will be successful). Furthermore, the final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of its own. Download Job Resume. Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to other projects will not be necessary, and cleaning the thomas outline, river may provide other real benefits even if it is not used more for water sports.
This response is generally free of errors in grammar and usage and displays sufficient control of language to support a score of 4. Surveys are created to job resume, speak for the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Mason City residents concluded that the residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation. If that is so evident, why has the river not been used? The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department. The city park department can only of new england, do as much as they observe. The real issue is not the residents use of the river, but their desire for job resume a more pleasant smell and queer essay topics, a more pleasant sight. If the download, city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to essays in social theory, go away. If the budget is download job resume changed to accomodate the bridges writing to the formal essay, clean up of the Mason River, other problems will arise.
The residents will then begin to complain about download job resume, other issues in their city that will be ignored because of the great emphasis being placed on Mason River. If more money is taken out of the budget to clean the river an check, assumption can be made. This assumption is download that the budget for outline paper another part of cit maintenance or building will be tapped into to. In addition, to the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. The government is trying to appease its residents, and one can warrant that the role of the government is to please the people. There are many assumptions being made; however, the government can not make the assumption that people want the river to be cleaned so that they can use it for job resume recreational water activities. Outline Research. The government has to realize the download job resume, long term effects that their decision will have on the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. Even though much of this essay is tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the organisms out chemosynthesis, argument’s assumptions.
The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the job resume, survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the survey might have been flawed. Then the response drifts to irrelevant matters a defense of the city park department, a prediction of budget problems and the problem of pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the of new, original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to complain about job resume, other issues and This assumption is bridges from writing formal that the budget for another part of download city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Near the end, the response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for recreation. Hence, the proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified.
In summary, the language in this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of unstated assumptions remains limited and bridges writing, therefore earns a score of 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical. First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at the first sentence. However, it seems to have a ralation between the first sentence and job resume, the setence which mentions that increase the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. Thomas Research Paper. This is a wrong cause and result to solve the problem. Second, as a reponse to the complaints from residents, the state plan to download job resume, clean up the river. University England. As a result, the state expects that water sports will increase. When you look at two sentences, the result is not appropriate for the cause. Third, the job resume, last statement is the conclusion.
However, even though residents rank water sports, the city government might devote the bridges writing to the, budget to another issue. This statement is also a wrong cause and result. In summary, the statement is not logical because there are some errors in it. The supporting setences are not strong enough to support this issue. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for download job resume the assigned task. In his/her vague references to causal fallacies, the writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to any unstated assumptions.
Furthermore, several errors in grammar and bridges personal writing to the formal essay, sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in download it which is not logical). Because this response does not follow the directions for the assigned task and contains errors in thomas jefferson outline sentence structure and logical development, it earns a score of 2. The statement assumes that everyone in Mason City enjoys some sort of recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. The statement also assumes that if the state cleans up the river, the use of the river for water sports will definitely increase. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1.
The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient. Sentence 1 states an assumption that is actually not present in the argument, and sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of download job resume its implications. Although the response may begin to bridges from personal writing to the formal, address the assigned task, it offers no development. As such, it is clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an organized response and earns a score of 1. Register for the GRE General Test. Get never-before-offered official GRE practice tests, scores within minutes for all three measures and explanations for correct answers! Show schools only the scores you want them to see only with the ScoreSelect ® option. Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Tests and Products. ETS Measuring the Power of Learning. Download Job Resume. ®
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Management Consulting Resume Sample. In order to reach your goal of becoming a management consultant, you need to strike a tone in your resume. In one of the most competitive fields in the working world, breaking into management consulting requires substantial work and a perfect resume. Recruiters assume that your management consulting resume is an download job resume accurate representation of who you are. If it’s too superficial and commonplace, it might suggest that you won’t be able to make a valuable contribution to the consulting firm and essays in social theory your resume will therefore be put aside after a short assessment. Breaking into management consulting is a serious goal and you have to craft your resume with quality, value and uniqueness. It must be effective enough to pique the interest of the recruiters and convince them to schedule you for testing, interviews, and other assessments. Before Writing: Know Your Target Firm. Before you turn on the computer and start typing, allot some time to investigate your target firm.
Your knowledge will guide you in download, writing your management consulting resume; it will help you build a connection between you and your potential employer and enable you to construct a unique and personalized marketing tool. Below are some techniques on out chemosynthesis, how to do this: How do these activities distinctly help you tailor your resume? First, you will be able to phrase your resume so it resonates with the individual company. Two firms may have the download job resume same values, stated in different terms. Alternate the terms in bridges from personal writing to the formal essay, your resume to correspond with each firm you apply with. Moreover, you can emphasize content based on an individual firm’s goals. For instance, if a particular firm values leadership, it’s wise to list previous work experience and accomplishments highlighting your achievements in this area. Your cover letter serves as a knock at the consulting firm’s door.
It may be key to your invitation to interview, but your resume deepens the download picture your resume reviewer gets of your experience and in social background. The reviewer will probably only job resume, look at this document for a short time. All consulting firms receive many applications – this includes both boutique consulting firms as well as top tier consulting firms such as McKinsey, Bain, Boston Consulting Group and Booz. Out Chemosynthesis! Therefore, your management consulting resume needs to provide high impact and job resume be of a high quality. Check For Forgery Essay! The key is preparation and outline work before you get started with the writing process. Go through the full resume preparation and planning process. Download Job Resume! Craft a structure of your resume by brainstorming about your educational, work and volunteer (or other relevant) experiences and listing them. From there, start to narrow down the experience that is pertinent to your desired career path. Then come up with something like our resume outline (as shown below). Check For Forgery! This outline is our suggestion, based on our experience with successful management consulting applications.
You can, however, use a structure that best highlights your experience in the most compelling way for you. The most important point is to offer clarity and download strong, action-oriented results and carry out chemosynthesis achievement descriptions. Parts of Your Management Consulting Resume. Management consulting resumes can be organized in job resume, many different ways, and many follow a pattern similar to the diagram shown. The way you choose to thesis organize it will depend on several factors. Your personal experience and what you want to emphasize in your resume will come into play.
New graduates will probably place greater emphasis on education, academic performance and involvement in relevant extracurricular activities and internships. Experienced consultants will rely heavily on professional experience and download skills. Some of in social + lukes what you write may depend on download, the firm to from personal writing formal essay which you are applying. Some firms have preferences about what you should highlight in your resume. Job Resume! Tailor your management consulting resume to follow any guidance you have about essays in social theory + lukes what the firm wants to see. Edit and revise your resume multiple times in the process. Tailor and virtually rewrite it for job resume each new application. Your resume is a living document that changes as you gain more experience but also when you apply for from writing different positions. This is the section where you will provide basic information about yourself. It may sound easy, but here are a few techniques and reminders you may find useful:
A summary is a brief statement of your major qualifications, expertise, and experience; an job resume objective refers to your career goals and motivation. The former is often utilized by applicants with professional experience, while recent graduates employ the research paper latter. When you write this section, make sure that: It is written concisely but substantially. It should not exceed two to three sentences. Job Resume! It must be related to bridges from personal writing to the formal essay the desired position and target firm.
It must be catchy enough to encourage the recruiters to read the rest of your management consulting resume. Here’s an example of a summary: Here’s an example of an objective: Here’s an job resume example of a longer summary: A key consideration when you write about your professional experience is to measure whether or not it is relevant. Is the personal writing formal essay experience you list directly relevant to the desired position?
Activities that are unnecessary to download job resume your career path only waste the organisms carry out chemosynthesis limited space you have to job resume make your case for being hired. It adds nothing and from personal writing to the formal erases prime “application real estate”. For every position you mention, describe your key responsibilities, followed by quantifiable accomplishments in bullet form. Hiring managers want results first and foremost. Use powerful terms such as verbs and numbers—they make your statements more results-oriented. Some of the suggested action words are listed in the table below: Management consulting resume for experienced professionals would most probably state the experience section this way: Executive Vice President, B2B Sales and download job resume MarketingManaged a team of 65 sales and jefferson paper marketing executives in a B2B sales structure. Guided product sales and download job resume marketing development efforts and managed sales operations. Led expansion to Southeast Asian market and selected and managed a sales team for developing Asian operations.
Increased annual revenue by 22 percent year over year over three years. Essay! Expanded market for download software products from Europe to North America and Asia and increased sales by 27%. Increased annual revenue by 1.3 million USD and achieved profitability and market share. Here’s an check for forgery example for fresh graduates: Project Analyst, Internship Program, STU Consulting Firm, August – September 2012. Assisted a team of management consultants in collecting, analyzing, and presenting market-related information to the client. Brainstormed with experts in creating the design for download job resume market researches. Analyzed industry trends and customer preferences on women’s apparel. University Of New Thesis! Notable accomplishments are the following:
Designed a questionnaire that yielded a 80% response rate within one week. Conducted a field interview in shops and boutiques with only 1% data collection error. Wrote a qualitative analysis of research results after thorough brainstorming. For recent graduates, education plays an important role in the resume. Showing stellar academic achievement and involvement in activities that conferred new strengths and job resume skills will help show preparation for a career in management consulting. It serves as your foundation for essays theory + lukes entering the competitive industry of management consulting. Download! It’s the queer essay indicator of your knowledge, competencies, and values.
You can include the following information in download, this section: Here is a good example: Master of Business Administration/Master of Public Administration. Key achievements: Graduated summa cum laude. Focus on relevance when adding skills.
You may have a number of practical skills, but they might not be practical for management consulting. Think carefully about what skills you have, such as languages, software, negotiation/communication, and how they fit into your future career. Consider how and why a consulting firm would need or want these skills. If in doubt, find tangible examples of how a less obvious connection can be made between your skill(s) and the consulting career or leave that particular skill out of thomas outline research paper your resume. Operations: Teambuilding, human resource management, strategy planning, competitive analysis, conflict and problem resolution, project management, risk assessment and management. Financial organization: PL management, financial reporting, budgetary management. Communications: Developing and conducting seminars, negotiation, community outreach. Languages: Native English, native Spanish, fluent French, intermediate business Mandarin Chinese. Personal interests do not need to job resume be included in university england thesis, a management consulting resume, especially if you are running short on space.
Interests are more often included in European CVs than American ones. You will not be penalized for failing to add personal interests. Some personal interests and hobbies, though, illustrate a certain level of perseverance, motivation and passion that may set you apart from other applicants. Being a lifelong competitive marathon runner who trains consistently may have very little to do with consulting but does display a level of discipline and tolerance for hard work. A history of job resume community service and voluntary work displays personal integrity and commitment. Of New Thesis! These personal traits may not fit neatly into download, a “skills and experience” box, but you do not want to check for forgery essay fit too neatly into a box either. Briefly show interests where you feel it strengthens your application and makes you stand apart from your competition. One line for download interests will do, such as the in social theory + lukes example below:
Personal Interests: Animal illustration, playing the guitar, and landscape photography. Once you have written your resume, proofread it to perfection. You may be able to think of better ways to represent yourself the second time you go over it. Never send out a resume without checking the download content and form; your candidacy is at stake. Below is a short checklist to ensure that your resume is perfect: Does it communicate the out chemosynthesis message you want to convey? Ensure that it proves you will be an asset to the firm. If you miss this part, the answers to the rest of the questions are fruitless. Is it tailored to the goals and requirements of the management consulting firm?
It is critical that the recruiter sees that your qualities and personality match the download position and the corporate culture. Is the data accurate? Remember that some recruiters validate the information. They sometimes enter your name in the search box, check your LinkedIn profiles, or call your previous supervisors to confirm what you’ve written. Is it free of typos and grammatical mistakes? These embarrassing blunders reflect poor communication skills and organisms carry lack of attention to detail. Job Resume! Don’t give the impression that you don’t possess these basic qualities every consultant must have. Check For Forgery! Is the text legible?
Don’t use a small font size to accommodate everything on one page, but don’t make it too large because then it occupies too much space. Fancy fonts are highly discouraged. Arial, Tahoma, Times New Roman, Calibri, and other conventional font styles are recommended. Does it have the correct margins? The white space around the job resume text and in jefferson paper, between categories makes your document reader-friendly. Is the length sufficient? One page is ideal, two is acceptable, but anything more than that is job resume too long. If possible, ask a friend or professional to read your management consulting resume. Sometimes, a fresh set of essays eyes can give you objective feedback. Exercise care when writing a management consultant resume, otherwise you might commit the following mistakes:
Some resumes end up in the trash because applicants do not consider this as a critical step or they find it too troublesome to follow the aforementioned guidelines. As a result, they end up preparing an updated, generic resume they can readily print whenever they send out an download application. Is this a good idea? Yes and no. Yes, to having an updated, generic resume ready in theory, your hard drive because it can serve as your main reference source each time you tailor your resume to fit the firm you apply to. No, to the one-size-fits-all approach because your application will always have an impersonal tone and therefore won’t catch the recruiter’s attention. Misrepresentation of Competencies. Another common mistake is misrepresenting oneself.
True, you must project your best self in your resume, but it doesn’t mean you can make up stories in order to be noticed. If you do, you are fabricating information, a violation against honesty and integrity. Even if you are successful in the preliminary screening, your capabilities will still be evaluated during the job resume interview. Carry Out Chemosynthesis! If you fail to prove you possess the abilities you say you do, you will be rejected and you will realize that you have wasted your and download the recruiter’s time and effort. Even if you follow all the guidelines in this post, there is still a probability that you might not be invited to bridges personal essay interview.
Unfortunately, it’s a sad reality that there’s an abundance of applicants in this industry. You are competing against candidates as qualified as you, so after sending out your job application, you may want to: Remember to always be proactive in your application. Nobody said that breaking into this industry is an download job resume easy venture. Just take things one step at a time and you will get there one day. For detailed guidelines on organisms out chemosynthesis, how to write management consulting resumes, download the Guide to Cover Letters and Resumes. It was written from download a recruiter’s point of essays in social theory + lukes view, after intensive research and download job resume coordination with many applicants. Download Free Guide: How to theory Get a Consulting Job. Copyright © 2010-2017, ConsultingFact.com. All Rights Reserved. Google+.
Do you want to break into consulting? Download our free PDF guide, which will show you the necessary steps and best practices on how to prepare.
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10 Tips to download Write an Essay and Actually Enjoy It. Writing an essay may not be easy. It may not come to you naturally. Check Essay! After all, writing is download a skill, and skills take practice, whether it#8217;s playing a sport, performing an instrument, or playing video games. But writing an essay can be fun, if you have the right attitude. With that in check for forgery, mind, here#8217;s an infographic with ten tips to write an essay without hating every moment of the job resume, process.
Click the image below to see a larger view: To make it through high school and college, you#8217;re going to have to write essays, but that doesn#8217;t mean you can#8217;t enjoy the england, time you write them. The secret is to stop trying to job resume write a good essay. Instead, write an essays theory + lukes interesting essay, write an essay you think is fascinating. In other words, start by writing what you think is interesting about the topic you#8217;re assigned. Then, when you’re finished, go back and edit with your teacher or professor in mind. How about you? Do you like writing essays? Do you hate writing essays? Let me know in download, the comments section. Use tip #3 and essays + lukes, ask yourself, #8220;What surprises me about this topic?#8221; Then, spend fifteen minutes writing an answer to that topic (here#8217;s a handy tool to job resume help you keep track of thomas jefferson research, your time). Just write whatever comes to mind.
Write for you, not for your teacher or professor. When your time is up, share your answer in the comments section as a way to download get feedback encourage others to have fun writing essays, too. Essay! This is excellent! I#8217;ve been struggling with my essay for two days and I already know that this is going to help me tremendously! Thank you so much, for writing this at download the perfect time:) Awesome! Good luck! These are great tips, not only for theory those writing essays, but also for download job resume bloggers too. Thank you!
Very true, Em. Thanks for reading! You#8217;re welcome Joe. Thank YOU! Although the article is geared toward school essays, I found some good tips to use in bridges personal to the formal, my personal essay. Thanks. Great!
Glad you found it helpful, Jayne. This came at the perfect time! I#8217;ve been putting off writing an essay for a week now since I dread writing them. This post helped me have a new perspective; I can#8217;t wait to try these tips out on my work. Job Resume! #128578; That#8217;s so great, Dara. What#8217;s the essay about? This essay is about the power of silence.
It filters through our culture being so #8220;noisy#8221; that many of us don#8217;t have time for for forgery essay quiet or solitude anymore. Those 10 tips are great and they all say writing is for fun and relaxation so stop stressing and I guarantee you will bring that inner you to the top and your reader will be dazzled and job resume, amazed at the mind-blowing and interesting essay you have developed. My hardest goal in writing an essay is I can do the research as a matter of fact I love the research, but until I have determined by target audience, I can#8217;t seem to essay put a word on paper and I decided that my professor and his colleagues are not my target audience. That#8217;s a great point, Parker. It#8217;s much harder to write when your target reader is your teacher/professor. I love essay writing! I have always done all of the download, tips you mentioned naturally. To me it is a way to organize what I know about organisms carry a subject. Essays are usually done because they are required for download some reason, but when you relax and thomas jefferson research paper, start organizing your thoughts they(essays) can be very enjoyable.
That#8217;s so cool! I#8217;m glad these principles are working for you (also, I wish I had this perspective when I was writing essays!). I love making my 13 year-old write them. They are pretty funny. Um, can you please post one of them! I had never thought of essay writing in the way you have described.
Many thanks. These are really helpful! Great! Thanks for reading! This couldn#8217;t have come at a better time! I have a rough draft of a surprise paper due Monday about Rhetoric in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, and that is literally all we have discussed for download three weeks. Outline Paper! Pathos, Ethos, Logos, Fallacies#8230; ugh. I#8217;ll give the out-of-order method a try and job resume, see how it goes.
Ha, I hear you Laren. Just remember all those Latic words are just code for intense and emotional situations and ideas. Formal! People like to dress them up in download, serious sounding words, but they#8217;re the same emotions you see in england, your own life and on TV. Don#8217;t take them too seriously. Job Resume! Okay, here#8217;s my essay: Inspired by a young man#8217;s account of being thrown out of work in 1930 and surviving through the Great Depression, I started studying that history and the facts behind the Stock Market Crash in October 1929. I was intrigued by the similarity between conditions leading up to the 1929 Crash and conditions leading up to the economic recession the university of new england, US went through in the 1990s.
I guess what surprised me most is download how little we seem to learn from history. Even some of the greatest man-made tragedies get repeated. Historians tell us that in the #8220;roaring Twenties#8221; the organisms carry out chemosynthesis, stock market was booming. Share prices were rising and job resume, everyone and his pup wanted in on in social + lukes, the action. The market seemed so secure that banks began making collateral-free loans to individuals wanting to buy stocks. So many people with money to buy drove the demand and the price of stocks through the roof. Download! Then the building collapsed. In the 1980s the builders unions started putting pressure on to the, US banks to make home mortgages more readily available, even to home buyers with no collateral. This was to boost home sales and stimulate building.
Great idea in theory. Bank loans officers started handing out job resume, #8220;no-down payment#8221; mortgages. People started buying houses on spec. Essays In Social Theory + Lukes! But when these mortgages came up for download job resume renewal, reality hit home. Owners tossed their keys on the bankers#8217; desks and walked away.
Collateral-free loans didn#8217;t work for long in the 1920s and they didn#8217;t work for long in of new england thesis, the 1990s either. Were there not a few historians saying, #8220;Wait a minute here#8221;? There are other events of those years that we would do well to remember. Sometimes I fear we lack the connection to history that would spare us further grief. Maybe It#8217;s time we delve into our past again so we can avoid repeating bad history?
A couple of friends (who remains “friends” despite reading my most private documents without permission or even a good excuse) have described my journal entries as “like little snippets of download, David Foster Wallace’s essays, except not quite as good” (which to me is still a great compliment, apart from, you know, the total rape of my privacy and peace of mind). If that’s the case, I find essay-writing cathartic, rather than painful (and probably ought to writing to the essay write an job resume essay on encryption, in the interest of finding a better way to store my files). Check! When you think as much as I do—and, that probably sounds like boasting, but it’s not; I should say, when you *ruminate* as much as I do—trying to put your inchoate, rambling, chaotic thoughts into a more-or-less coherent and cohesive form, without the impetus for perfection attendant to publication, imparts a certain freedom to just *riff* … and riff, and riff, and job resume, riff, occasionally for hours at a time, talking at length about nothing, or something, or something ex nothing. Trying to explain this sort of Vesuvian vernacular vehemency to a normal, functional human being is an exercise in vanity; people don’t care, and organisms carry out chemosynthesis, aren’t interested in being convinced to care. It’s easy for me, with sedulous attention to detail and a few shots to loosen the download, nerves, to make basically anything interesting, if you can get into it—my trouble lies in getting people into it. I’m bad at marketing.
It’s not that I think it’s not important, mind; I just suck at essays in social theory it. As easily as I understand how people work in my absence, I’m totally incapable of comprehending their behavior before my own work. The biggest surprise, that being the point of this little exercise, comes in the ease of writing it: being a complete narcissist, I can make absolutely anything about myself, which makes anything easy to download write about. It’s probably the ultimate source of Gonzo journalism; when you like talking about yourself too much not to include yourself in the content of essay topics, your writing. When your head races a mile a minute, the trick is not in coming up with things to write about download something, but in figuring out what *not* to essay topics write, and trying to find ways to download include all the little prosodical gems you uncover in the course of your excursus—there’s a million different little ways to impress people, which is, ultimately, the point, far and above convincing anyone of anything.
And that, in itself, reveals so much about the process: at this point, in the blither[^1]-saturated internet media, the subject of the essay becomes a secondary concern, at best; in the traditional fashion of celebrity culture, the jefferson outline research paper, author of the essay is the paramount concern; the validity of the job resume, opinions therein are of, at bridges from writing best, second concern—everything now revolving around the self, the informative nature of the essay falls short of the opinions and personal anecdotes conveyed thereby. It isn’t that people don’t care about facts or perspectives or reality, it’s merely that it is no longer possible to discern truth from fiction, or reality from download job resume, fantasy, at least not without a Ph.D. in the subject matter: maybe an M.D. could tell the difference between a legit article in the Lancet or the NEJM, but I sure can’t, and it’s true across all professions, even scientists between disciplines—a molecular biologist is no more apt to descry the falsities of essay topics, any essays or articles written on the Alcubierre drive than I am, and the same holds true for pretty much anyone, across any field. Personality has supplanted information; entertainment has supplanted enlightenment. Download! The spin doctors of the nineties and early 2000s got smart—verisimilitude is the key to england belief, and download job resume, with everyone believing everything they write (and they write it because they believe it), the truth is, at best, an abstract principle. It’s a philosophical issue, one totally unrelated to the vagaries and vicissitudes and check for forgery essay, batshit insanity of download job resume, modern living. Essays! And but the point of all this remains unknown to me—somehow it related to essay-writing, and download job resume, the attempt to convey opinions or state of mind (cf. actual facts, which are few and far between), but the relation thereof to the subject of today’s practice—whatever the hell it is—remains elusive, or illusory, or something, and I don’t know where I stand anymore. I think that’s the end point of most supposedly illuminating pieces, anyway. : Here synonymous with “information.” It’s probably hard to believe I wrote that in essay, fifteen minutes but I promise I did; I was (am) drunk and not really thinking about it and I type like 150 wpm and etc. This will probably be a total embarrassment tomorrow morning. I could never figure out the difference between an essay and an opinion piece.
I’ve hesitated before submitting to publications that welcome essays but say things like “please, no opinion pieces.” I thought an essay was, basically, an opinion piece, in which you try to convince the reader that your way of download, interpreting or evaluating an event or series of essay, events or life or whatever is the job resume, most objectively correct or least painful interpretation. I guess essay-writing could be hard if you’re being forced to write about things you could care less about. I think the solution, there, is to find a way to be unboreable. If you can make yourself interested in anything, you will thrive no matter where you are or what ringers they put you through. Since my pet peeve is fiction writing, I never thought about university of new thesis essay writing yet now that I#8217;m reading about it, it makes sense that I need to keep in download, mind a few basic tips. I like journal writing, and to an extent, I can say it#8217;s similar to queer essay essay writing since I make it a short writing on a particular subject, not just random thoughts.
What surprises me about this subject is that some people might actually hate the process, especially in a writing group. Perhaps someone does not like it, or realises that it#8217;s not their strong suit . These ten tips are simple and download, useful, and of course, I am going to use Wikipedia, who wouldn#8217;t? But I if I were to boil it to one tip would be tip number seven. Whatever I write, I want it to be best in research paper, class. Super cool info graphic!
Good tips too. I actually love writing essays too (as long as I#8217;m interested in download, the topic) but I#8217;ll keep your graphic in my downloads to help me out sense it#8217;s got some great, well organized advice. Being a writer I#8217;ve loved these tips, because they not only for those writing essays. I#8217;m a contributor to many websites and I#8217;m finding helpful this infographic for me. Yeah post it here! I#8217;m so glad to see you used Wikipedia as source tool. As someone that is more of a technical writer, research scientist/business person and who sells his work in the form of technical reports and university of new england, occasional publications I am a huge proponent of Wikipedia. There is no better way for the average person to research a subject (and that is a fact, see below). Download Job Resume! I am always saddened when I run into some severely handicapped and uninformed soul who thinks that Wikipedia is bridges writing to the formal essay not a valid source because it isn#8217;t on download job resume, paper. Few people take the time to read the comparison studies that have been done regarding the accuracy of Wikipedia and other encyclopedic sources, none of which are 100% accurate and of new, or unbiased.
The first of such comparisons was done by Nature in 2005: #8220;For its study, Nature chose articles from download job resume, both sites in a wide range of topics and sent them to what it called #8220;relevant#8221; field experts for peer review. The experts then compared the out chemosynthesis, competing articlesone from each site on a given topicside by side, but were not told which article came from which site. Nature got back 42 usable reviews from its field of download, experts. In the end, the journal found just eight serious errors, such as general misunderstandings of vital concepts, in the articles. Of those, four came from each site. They did, however, discover a series of factual errors, omissions or misleading statements. All told, Wikipedia had 162 such problems, while Britannica had 123.#8221; Since 2005 there have been several other comparisons and Wikipedia fairs very well in all. One article I found in Forbes also reveals a curious phenomenon, conservative personality types tend to have a general bias against Wikipedia and are also uninformed as to accuracy. Not unlike conservative college professors who have biases against even high quality online courses. Never underestimate the bridges personal to the formal, limitations of the download job resume, conservative personality type.
Here are some the + lukes, references I#8217;ve found regarding Wikipedia accuracy: Conservative bias and Wikipedia. Thanks so much for this. I teach 12th grade English and download job resume, will share this info-graphic with them tomorrow. They have an essay coming up and I#8217;m always looking for new ways to push the idea that essays really aren#8217;t so evil. I completely agree with you that they can be fun. I would#8217;ve loved to see you add an example of an essay you#8217;ve written or one you find to be a well-written piece as well.
Thanks again for the great post! I#8217;m on Facebook a lot, but Facebook can be a true learning experience. For instance, I learned something truly amazing. The universe began at midday on the 23rd of thomas jefferson outline research paper, October 4004 BC. I never knew that. That makes the universe, that#8217;s the universe mind you, all those millions and millions of stars you see on a dark and download, starry night, are only a maximum of 6,000 years old.
It seems that in 1650 Archbishop James Ussher conducted his own literalistic exegesis of all those begets and begots in the book of Genesis, and check essay, determined that time and date. So close all those science books, put away all those instruments of job resume, measurement because the Holy Bible says they ain#8217;t so. Really? Absolutely and positively it tain#8217;t possible for the center of the galaxy to be 25,000 light years away, #8216;cuz da Bilbe say da universe be only 10,000 years old. The Andromeda spiral galaxy cannot possibly be 2.1 million light years away because the universe tain#8217;t old enough for the light to organisms out chemosynthesis get here. #8216;Cuz da Bible says it#8217;s so. Einstein was WRONG. The speed of light cannot possibly be a constant, #8216;cuz da Bible says da universe is only 6,000 years old and if Andromeda appears to be 2.1 million light years away dat means light had to move ever so much faster to download job resume get here long long ago. Why did it slow down. I dunno, da Bible don#8217;t say.
See there, Facebook can be such a front, or is that fount of information. Wow, impressive infographic and great tips, Joe! Practice part is also awesome, I like the way you advice to think about. Truly, it#8217;s so simple write about essay your thoughts on this topic without trying to adapt them to your professor. In your infographic, you mentioned some words and phrases which are highly desirable to avoid. Adding cliches is not a good choice for job resume making your essay more wordy. Everyone is sick of organisms carry, them already, and foremost teachers and download job resume, professors.
Reading similar and not pure writing daily could simply lead to bridges from to the essay educators#8217; contempt of all students. Besides, one of modern problems in writing is lack of originality. Job Resume! It#8217;s easy to google and find some short reviews of any more or less well-known book. University Of New! Some ignorant people without any slight doubt could use that material. Or articles from download, Wikipedia. Or some other resources on the web, without any citations or with incomplete quotations. It is called plagiarism. Essay! For discernable reasons, being part of such situations, it#8217;s extremely undesirable both for download the students and for any creative person writer, blogger, content creator.
Because easiness of taking credit of the personal writing to the essay, other#8217;s person proceedings transforms into job resume the complexity of getting out of this situation. Sometimes, plagiarism problems could even destroy a starting writing or academic career. Moreover, occasionally students face with unintentional plagiarism when they have non proper citation they didn#8217;t intend to commit plagiarism, but it happened. What are the thomas, best ways to prevent such situations? Do more deep research, learn how to make proper quotations, use plagiarism detection tools. These tools could be free of job resume, charge (as PlagTracker) and those you have to pay for (as Unplag plagiarism checker). If you have career connected with writing is more rational to choose a more proficient tool. Or use both, if they had a different working algorithm. In Social + Lukes! Personally, I prefer software for a fee, because using it, I could be sure that the team of professionals is working for me. Love the download job resume, tips!
I never liked writing essays. But, I have grown to learn my own tricks to make sure I do it right the first time. Thanks for the tips! Just in time to jefferson outline paper work on my second essay!! I write plenty of download, essays for school, all the queer essay topics, time. I have actually learned to job resume enjoy them. The best thing about an essay is essay that although you have a question and a style in which it likely has to be written, the approach you take to it is all yours. Download Job Resume! And I have fun being creative and inventive with the way in which I approach the subject and essays theory + lukes, support my opinion. Not even sure if this is an essay, but neither is it fiction.
After listening to the webinar I had to download job resume get up out of bed zzz to check out The Write Practice… so, if this is an essay or not, here#8217;s 593 words: Morning Musings. Christmas your way. Theory + Lukes! So beautiful, sitting here in the half dark of download, early morning, fire already lit, candles and lamps making puddles of yellow light in corners and on of new england, floors and against download, walls. Feels like Christmas. Christmas. When beauty hangs in the house, it having been decorated in seasonal favourites speaking of all those other years, leaning back into of new england the comfortable familiarity of job resume, my children#8217;s childhoods, when the world was often tired, frequently stretched, sometimes stressed but always simpler. And full of the joy of children emerging, little people growing into their next surprising iterations. Christmas at home not the bridges to the formal, manic version on the city streets. This Christmas, the download job resume, one you make yourself within your four walls, be they big or small, literal or metaphorical.
Be they the walls you want, or the walls you don’t. Within them: its yours to essays in social theory make. Even if that means starting in your own head. This Christmas, the one you make yourself. When the air seeps with good will and we can set aside the conflicts and irritations and it seems easier, somehow, to have grace for everyone#8217;s shortcomings. When you steal precious moments away from the distractions and sit in the candlelight and with the lamps throwing yellow puddles on the floor. When forgiveness comes easier and peace, as Yeats so famously said, comes dropping slow.
And when, despite the financing of it all which could darn near break the bank if you weren#8217;t wise, at job resume least somewhat planned and decidedly restrained, there is the joy of plotting and finding something just right for someone and anticipating their face when they get it. A joy for every sorrow. Other times, it seems there is a sorrow for every joy, that every good thing is marred with a disappointment or a difficulty. Of New Thesis! What’s the download job resume, difference? What my eyes see?
Both are there. How come sometimes I see only one, and other times I see the other? What if we were to live life with eyes wide open, knowing that sorrow abides in jefferson paper, every corner, pain is rife out there and often in here, and job resume, difficulty or trouble is just the nature of everyday stuff. LIke men of old might say, it is a fallen world. And then, then look for the joy, look at, look for, the childhood that’s emerging not the exhaustion of accompanying it. Look for the grace to overlook the outline research, shortcoming, not the fact of the shortcoming being there. Job Resume! (Of course its there, duh!). Look for the potential in from to the formal essay, the problem. Looking for, creating, enjoying, the mastery of managing the budget despite the pain and strain and limitation of the budget. I have a premise and its this.
If we quit (if I quit) moaning about the problem and start being grateful for download job resume what’s good about it, we will (I will ) actually become more able to actually tackle the check, darn problem in job resume, the first place. Jefferson Research! The real problem#8230; is that my problem with the problem binds me to it#8230; rendering me unable to tackle it: therein lies its power. The problem is definitely a problem in download job resume, the first place. Giving it power by not accepting it enough to actually tackle it constructively#8230; not that just takes the biscuit. Givin’ that up this year!
Gonna make this Christmas my Christmas. The one with the joy for every sorrow and the lift for every drag the one full of wonder and people and loving them and ourselves and loving life and the beauty nestling hidden within it#8230; however we are able to. Thanks, Joe. I will keep this handy to share with my students! Awesome tips, Joe. But I#8217;m just curious about the number 8 if you write about too many things, won#8217;t your essay be messy?
For example, if you check this discrimination essay out, you#8217;ll see there are many points and nothing concrete about either of bridges from personal writing, them. But if the download job resume, author wanted to go more deeply into each and every of university of new thesis, them, he may have ended up with a research paper. Besides, when it comes to editing, lots of things are crossed out because 90% have nothing to do with the topic. Download Job Resume! So, I guess this tip may be good for those who are writing big papers but if you have to write a one or two page essay, isn#8217;t it better to out chemosynthesis stick to job resume the topic?
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History Department – Essay Writing Guide. This guide is intended to provide you with information about the skills of download essay writing, including how and when to use footnotes or endnotes, presentation requirements and how to reference different kinds of sources (books, articles or web pages, for university of new, instance) and download job resume with more general advice about planning, introducing and developing your essays as coherent and effective arguments. The most important point to remember in working through this guide is england thesis, that writing good essays and communicating your ideas effectively are skills you can learn, develop and build. One of the job resume most important skills developed in an Arts degree is the ability to communicate your ideas in writing clearly and effectively. Queer Topics. This involves numerous other skills, including the ability to summarise and paraphrase the work of other writers, the development of arguments and conclusions, and the effective use of evidence to support a case. Essay writing in download job resume History is particularly aimed at helping you progressively develop your skills in research, analysing different forms of source material, using different kinds of evidence, and writing strong, critical and clear arguments.
In most History subjects, you will be asked to produce different kinds of writing. Short tutorial and document exercises usually address specific skills or tasks (locating sources, analysing a documents point of thomas jefferson outline view, or assessing how particular images or words help us understand historical context, for instance), while examinations assess your knowledge of the content covered in download job resume particular subjects. Essays provide you with an opportunity to explore a particular issue or theme in more depth. In general, the functions of an essay are: to introduce an argument, or contention, based upon the question or problem you choose to tackle; to develop and defend that argument or contention by discussing and analysing a range of appropriate evidence, and by critically assessing the organisms out chemosynthesis interpretations of other historians; and to propose conclusions. The best essays have a clear line of argument, and they present a thesis. Job Resume. In other words, they state a position, defend that position, and arrive at strong, clear conclusions.
They have a well-defined introduction which identifies the central problem or issue and introduces the organisms carry argument, a body which logically develops the download argument point-by-point, and a conclusion which sums up the argument. There are no simple instructions for out chemosynthesis, good essay writing. Job Resume. As you progress through your university course, you should be developing skills in research, analysis and communication which will not only outline research, allow you to write good essays, but to effectively communicate your ideas in other situations as well. The tutors assessment of your essays provides you with feedback on your progress in these different skills. The desired outcomes of essays in third-year subjects include formulating research projects and acquiring independent research skills; presenting a sustained argument, based mainly on substantial primary sources; placing secondary sources in their cultural, ideological and epistemological context by showing where they fit into the current state of historical knowledge; and greater awareness of the ongoing debates about the download philosophy and practice of jefferson outline history. The desired outcomes of download job resume essays in second-year subjects include developing skills in queer essay topics the use of bibliographies and other reference material, critical reading, putting more independent thought and reflection into download essays; greater understanding of documentary criticism and interpretation, and the critical analysis of secondary interpretations by other historians. The desired outcomes of for forgery essays in first-year subjects include: helping you learn to argue your own position against other points of view; development of the download job resume conventions of organisms carry good historical essay writing, such as rigorous documentation and footnoting; awareness of the variety of representations of the past; familiarity with the different ways historians use evidence; and the ability to recognise, analyse and summarise an historical argument. Do not assume that you should target your arguments for particular lecturers or tutors.
For a start, your predictions may be inaccurate. Moreover, arguing what you think you ought to argue is a lot more complicated and a lot less interesting than arguing what you come to believe as you gather information, review different interpretations, and form your own perspectives on an issue or problem. Job Resume. Any teacher can tell you that some of the best essays they read develop arguments they don’t agree with at all, or arguments which challenge their own interpretations. Writing is queer topics, easier if you imagine an audience: a person you want to convince of something, a person who wants to download know about your ideas and perspectives. Your task, however, is thomas jefferson outline paper, not to tell your audience what they think, but to tell your audience what you think, and give them reasons and evidence which show why your conclusions are significant, interesting and convincing.
3. Choosing and comprehending the download job resume question or topic. Choose a topic or question you find interesting and challenging: it is easier and much more enjoyable to develop and defend a strong argument on something which interests and intrigues you than on essays in social theory + lukes something you find boring or simple. Writing is not the outcome or the finished product of learning: it is a vital part of learning. It is a way of sorting out and clarifying your interpretations, trying out your ideas, and discovering new ways of thinking about an issue. Think about the question or topic in these ways: what is the problem it suggests? what is the ‘angle’, the issue, which makes it interesting? what is my first reaction to the question: yes, no, maybe? do I agree or disagree with the contention or interpretation the topic suggests? what ideas and issues can I explore by answering this question? is there a simple answer, or might it be more complex than it looks? what kinds of information is the question asking me to use? what themes can I explore? It is also important to look at the question and ask yourself: do I understand what the question or topic is asking me to do? Have I interpreted the question correctly?
If you are not sure, or if you want to check that the approach you are taking does address the question, talk to your tutor. Essay topics are designed to draw on the subject content developed in lectures and tutorials, and on reading you have completed. Reading the works of download other historians, such as those suggested in reading lists, will help you see how others have approached that problem or issue. Historians often disagree on the importance or the meaning of events of evidence, or use different kinds of evidence to essays theory + lukes challenge and amend prior interpretations. They will take different approaches to the same question, and suggest different ways of download examining an issue, be it gender relations in medieval Europe or the reasons for the collapse of the essay Soviet Union or the impact of job resume colonial rule in India. What you will see, however, is that all of from personal to the formal essay these writers state a position. They address a problem.
They answer a real or implied question. You should trace their strategies for developing arguments and drawing conclusions. As you do your introductory reading, review your lecture notes, and read more widely, think about your point of view, your own position in relation to other writers, and your own response to a problem. Examine and evaluate the evidence: what conclusions can you draw? Which interpretations do you think best fit the available evidence? Your interpretations and conclusions do not have to job resume be new to be original, challenging, and convincing. You should argue the case which you think emerges most clearly from the evidence and from your critical review of other historians work.
You’ve read the books and articles recommended in the handbook or by your tutor. You’ve come up with some ideas about how you might approach the university of new england thesis question, and you’ve got a pretty good idea about how other historians have interpreted the issues and addressed the topic. You’ve collected some evidence from a range of different sources and you’ve tried mapping out some preliminary ideas and arguments on paper. You’ve looked again at download job resume the major themes of the essay subject and thought about how you might address them in download this essay. In order to plan your essay, you now need to come up with an argument, a point of view which will guide your writing towards a conclusion. Would you agree with the argument that respect for the natural environment is a recent discovery for residents of Mars? Having read a variety of sources, you should be able to essay topics state your thesis (your answer) in a sentence or two. Yes, because prior to the environmental movements of the 1960s, the job resume majority of Martians were more interested in exploiting than respecting the natural environment. No, because Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in essays in social + lukes a romanticised and idealised form.
No, it is difficult to draw a simple, general conclusion on this issue, as the job resume evidence suggests that different groups of Martians have interpreted and viewed the environment very differently over time, and no clear trend is visible even now. When you begin planning your essay, you should always be able to state your thesis in a fairly straightforward way, based on your initial reading and research for the topic. This sentence or two states your case. Queer Essay Topics. Broadly, your essay is the exposition and defence of that case: it shows the reader how, and why, you have arrived at job resume those conclusions. To write a good essay, you must first decide what your central argument is for forgery, going to be, and then plan your essay to develop that argument. Of course, as you write your first draft, you may find that the argument changes and develops in a direction you did not anticipate. Few writers are completely sure of their final conclusions before they begin drafting: the download task of writing down and defending the argument often reveals unanticipated problems, or challenges and university of new england changes your first thoughts, or leads you toward one interpretation more than another. Often, too, you might need to go back to your sources, read through some of your notes, or do some further reading to clarify and expand an emerging point. However, the basic thrust and content of download your argument or thesis should be clear enough to allow you to plan the stages of from personal to the essay your argument before you begin drafting. Perhaps the single best way of download ensuring a successful essay is having a good plan . The plan should lay out your argument, for instance in point form, and you can also use it to indicate where you will use certain items of evidence and supporting arguments.
introduction: state the case for no: Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in a romanticised and idealised form explain the thrust of the argument : dispute recent discovery, my essay focuses on previous century to show that respect for environment is always based on historically variable assumptions and preconceptions about queer essay beauty, usefulness and worth of nature explain idealisation/romanticisation of the download natural environment (summarise Smith’s theory of idealisation, discuss paintings, use examples from Connor and for forgery essay Jones) list and job resume give examples of different idealisations of natural environment in the nineteenth century and show different assumptions about beauty and usefulness behind each one (use examples from Green and Brown) show how these different ideals were sometimes contradictory or came into conflict (use example of forestry in Mars Forest) case study: the Martian garden legend (discuss the garden stories); argue that an environment under exploitation also increasingly romanticised (review the different interpretations of Green and university thesis Red, show why I think Green fits better with the download evidence) summarise above points about previous century; what is respected in the recent past: argue that this is essay, another idealisation (evidence: Martian tourist brochures); conclusion: restate the case , and argue that understanding respect for download job resume, natural environment always means analysing the idealisation of natural environments. In the short essays common in check first year, your plan is download, likely to be less complex, and may only have four or five main points. As you progress into second and third year, you are expected to develop more sophisticated arguments, which makes good planning even more important. 6a. Jefferson Paper. Introducing and developing the job resume argument. In your introduction , you should state your case and, as in the example above, set out the basic structure of thomas jefferson research your argument . You might also briefly summarise two or three of download job resume your main points. If you have decided to adopt a particular focus (for instance, using case studies from a particular time or place, or narrowing the topic to university concentrate on a particular theme), you should explain this in download the introduction as well. Developing the argument : The example above shows how an argument is then developed towards its conclusion.
Basically, each stage of your argument should be developed and defended in carry out chemosynthesis turn, by download, showing your interpretation of the appropriate evidence, by critically reviewing the work of university of new england other historians, and by using example, case study and explanation. A good way of thinking about this is to job resume imagine that you are building your argument in blocks . From Personal To The Formal Essay. Each paragraph is job resume, a block which builds your argument towards a conclusion. Each block is introduced and described, and then its place in the whole structure is shown. Block 1: stage of the argument. On Mars in the 1850s, the jefferson research beauty of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Painters rarely drew human figures.
If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandt’s Martian Mountains. Download. In her book Environmental Perception on Mars, Joan Brown argues that painters in of new thesis the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered. However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians usually depicted an idealised nature which was to be protected from the threats posed by civilisation. Block 2: next stage of the argument. The most crucial changes occurred after the Martian titanium rushes of the download job resume 1870s showed the potentially lucrative returns of bridges from personal writing formal mineral exploration and exploitation.
Certainly, by the 1880s, most representations of the natural environment showed nature being tamed and civilised. Even mining sites appeared in download nature paintings, and the work of Joseph Smith is a good example of how even the organisms most intensive forms of exploitation were represented as beneficial intrusion for the landscape. Block 3: brief summary, and introducing the next stage of the argument. By the 1880s, therefore, the idealised untouched nature of the 1850s had been invaded by humans, and an ideal natural landscape was now represented as one which was productive and bountiful. Download. Humans did not threaten nature; they unleashed its potential. It was important for Martians, Smith argued in 1883, to feel relaxed and comfortable about the past and future of the Martian environment. Yet representations of an ideal environment as one conquered and populated by humans never completely replaced the older tradition of mourning the essays theory degradation of another form of ideal environment, the Martian garden. Download Job Resume. This alternative version became popular again in the 1890s.
The body of your essay, therefore, uses evidence, examples and explanation to develop your case point by point. Each paragraph has a point to make, and check occasional summary sentences guide the reader through the argument. 6b. Using different kinds of download evidence. In developing your case, you will need to make decisions about the kinds of sources you will refer to, and the best ways to use them.
Sources can generally be defined into two broad types: primary or documentary sources (usually written at thomas jefferson outline the time by an eyewitness, direct participant or close observer) secondary or scholarly sources (usually interpretations and download job resume explanations written after the fact by england, someone analysing the download primary or documentary sources) For example, a book containing the collected speeches of Charles de Gaulle is a primary source; an analysis of them by a political scientist or historian is a secondary source. An article in the Age of 30 June 1900 about the topics bubonic plague epidemic which affected Sydney during that year is a primary source; an article in the Age on 30 June 1990 discussing the download impact of the epidemic on public health policy in Australia is a secondary source. Broadly, the primary or documentary sources are the raw material used by historians , the subject of your argument, while the secondary or scholarly sources provide examples of how others have analysed and interpreted the problem or issue at hand. The distinction is check for forgery essay, not hard and fast, and there will always be exceptions. For instance, if you are writing an essay about historians’ representations of download job resume race in Britain, the secondary sources of the historians are in fact your primary documentary source. In most essays, you will be expected to critically analyse the interpretations of other historians in this way. In any event, these different types of sources should both be read critically: analysed for their point of view, for outline research, the assumptions, ideas and download understandings which inform them, and for + lukes, the strategies writers use to advance their arguments. Job Resume. Don’t take anything on trust: be a critical reader of all kinds of sources and texts , and use your critical analysis of both primary and secondary sources in your essay. You also need to make decisions about organisms carry out chemosynthesis how to use evidence: in the form of quotation, or in download the form of summarising. It is best to carry use quotation strategically and sparingly : quote phrases or passages which best illustrate the download job resume point you are trying to make, or which really help you give your reader the flavour of the evidence you are using.
If you use a quotation, make sure it fits with the stage of the argument you are advancing. Refer to the language, analyse the assumptions or strategies it reveals. In other words, use quotation when the actual words are the single best way of providing the evidence and theory developing your case. Job Resume. If the quotation is less than about thirty words, combine it with your text, as in this example where I am quoting the following phrase which is in social + lukes, not very long. “You must always use quotation marks to indicate the separation between your words and the words of someone else.” If it is job resume, longer than this, you should separate it from the text, and jefferson outline research indent it: This is an download example of a much longer quote. It contains a few sentences, and needs to bridges from writing be distinguished from the body of the essay. When you are indenting a quote like this, note that you do not have to use quotation marks; as it is download, already separated, there is no need to indicate that by the use of such symbols. In general, use very little quotation from secondary or scholarly sources. It is better to for forgery say what you mean in your own words, quoting another historian or interpreter only where the phrase is particularly wonderful or where you need to show precisely how that writer made their point in order to criticise, defend or develop it. In all other cases, it is best to summarise.
Write reflective summaries of what others have written, relating those interpretations to your argument. Download Job Resume. You might find that the example paragraphs on the previous page gives you a more concrete idea of how a writer can use a mix of queer summary and direct quotation from different kinds of sources to develop their argument. In your conclusion, you should restate your case strongly and clearly by summarising your main points. It is also possible to raise issues and problems in your conclusion, especially broader questions which are beyond the scope of your essay. You might reflect on what your interpretation implies for contemporary debates or discussions, write briefly about the broader implications of your position, or consider what your interpretations tells us about the role and nature of download job resume history itself.
Use your conclusion to argue for the significance of thomas jefferson research paper your argument and download job resume your interpretation. Be careful, though: a poorly developed argument followed by queer essay topics, sweeping speculations on the nature of the universe or the human condition is unlikely to be either effective or convincing. Again, as you develop your skills in formulating, developing and download job resume defending arguments, you will also develop your ability to write more reflectively and to use essays to open up these kinds of complex questions. 7. Writing clearly and effectively. The best single rule is to always use clear expression: write simply and with clarity and avoid complex sentence constructions . Use definite, specific and outline research paper concrete language. Don’t use unnecessary words, and make sure you understand the words you are using.
Writing problems often occur when people try to use very complex language and syntax. Job Resume. A better idea is to establish a simple and clear style first, and then gradually develop more complex sentence forms and means of organisms carry expression. As you develop your writing skills, vary your sentence structures and download lengths to add variety. Short sentences often add emphasis to a particularly important point. Spelling, punctuation and grammatical errors detract from an argument, whatever its quality: careful editing of your draft is very important. It is also important to use accurate language, which is one good reason for using non-discriminatory language. For instance, the check statement that men adapted themselves to job resume these new conditions should lead any critical reader to ask what women were doing at that time. It is university thesis, a reasonable and accepted convention that all forms of public communication, including journalism, business language and academic writing, should use non-discriminatory language. There are at least five effective ways of improving your writing. Always read your own work.
what is my main idea, my contention, my argument? am I getting it across to the reader? Take responsibility for critically assessing your own writing . Look at the comments made on your previous essays, and work out whether this one repeats the strengths and overcomes the download weaknesses of your previous work. If you need to, speak to the person who assessed your work, and ask them for more guidance. Reading other writers. As you read, evaluate the styles of for forgery essay different writers. What makes them more or less effective? What is most important to you as a reader, and what makes good writers better to read? Practice. Like any other set of skills, writing improves with practice and download job resume with constructive assessment, by yourself and by others. Read your own work out loud . You do not need to comprehend the rules of grammar or the intricacies of syntax to of new know when something sounds clumsy, or when a sentence needs punctuation, or when a long paragraph has completely lost its drift. Reading your draft out loud is also a good way to add variety and oomph to your language.
If its boring you to job resume tears, or if you have no idea what it means, it might be time for redrafting. Let other people read what you write . It is particularly good to give your essay to bridges from personal writing essay someone who is job resume, not an essay topics expert in the area you are writing about. If it doesn’t make sense to them, your argument might need clarification. If they struggle to read it, you might need to edit more carefully. University teachers will not usually be able to read drafts of students work, but there are plenty of other people who can give you feedback.
Swap essays with fellow students. Get the people you live with to read them. Distribute them on buses. 8. Referencing Instructions for Essays. Decisions about when to cite sources can be difficult. Download Job Resume. Effective referencing is another writing skill your university work aims to develop. The reader should, in theory, be able to retrace your steps in gathering evidence for your argument. In other words, you provide citations as a kind of road map that shows readers how you came to these conclusions, shows readers where you derived your information and, if relevant, shows readers where you derived the ideas or interpretations that you are paraphrasing, adopting or challenging. Therefore, you need to provide citations in the following instances: where you directly quote someone else’s words; where you are directly summarising someone else’s argument and ideas; where you are summarising arguments and ideas derived from a number of university of new england sources; to point your readers to the source of job resume information; to translate words or phrase in outline a foreign language that a reader cannot reasonably be presumed to understand. In general, you need to provide sources for download job resume, statements that are problematic or debatable in the context of your argument, or that a reasonably well-informed person would not be expected to know.
Again, the ability to successfully make these judgements is a skill you will develop with practice and experience. If you offer a translation of a word or phrase in a foreign language, the basis of organisms carry your decision should be whether a reader could reasonably be presumed to know the meaning of the phrase or word already. There is no need to download job resume translate coup d’etat or Sultan or Blitzkrieg, for instance. The use of queer essay citation to refer readers to the work of other writers is occasionally useful, but for the most part, your citations refer only to books, articles and other material you have used directly. Only cite information that you have actually looked at yourself, or: always SIGHT what you CITE . It is fine to use a second-hand reference (like a quotation or a summary in a book from a source to which you do not have access), but you should indicate that in download job resume your citation. An example of how to do this is provided in the next section. You can also use citations to clarify specific points, or add a small amount of essay additional information or supporting evidence. You should not use footnotes or endnotes as a sort of second argument, nor to provide paragraph after paragraph of new information. Download Job Resume. If it is not important enough to put into the body of the essay, then leave it out.
8b. Numbering and placement of footnote and endnote numbers. When providing footnotes or endnotes, number notes consecutively throughout the text. Put these numbers at the end of in social sentences, if at all possible, and distinguish them from the text either by superscripting (raising above the line) or placing them in brackets. If you use material from two different sources in download job resume the same sentence, it is often possible to combine the two citations in one footnote, using a semi-colon to separate them. Bridges From Personal Writing Essay. Usually, you will refer to information or material at particular places in a larger work so you will need to show the page (p.) or pages (pp.) on which the material is located. This text produces the following footnotes: On Mars in download job resume the 1850s, the ‘beauty’ of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Painters rarely drew human figures. If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandt’s ‘Martian Mountains’.
1 In her book Environmental Perception on Mars , Joan Brown argues that “painters in topics the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered”. 2 However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians respected an idealised nature which was to be kept separate from civilisation. 3. 1 K. Download. Float (ed.), The Magical World of Ken Rembrandt , New York, 1965, p. 68. 2 Joan Brown, Environmental Perception on Mars , Sydney, 1995, p. 13. 3 Ann Ash, Joan Brown is Wrong , Sydney, 1996, pp. 1-23. 8c. Citing different kinds of organisms carry sources. The following rules should help you through most situations.
The absolute rule is to be consistent. Inconsistency drives readers crazy, and is not a good tactic when you are attempting to convince those readers of the job resume accuracy of your interpretations and arguments. There are also specific rules for the citation of classical texts like the Bible, the Koran and so on. If you are studying subjects in which these texts are used, your tutor will provide you with the essays information you need to cite correctly. Please note: Some areas of history, especially those published by European and English publishing houses (and now more often Australian publishers), follow the conventions set out in the MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Association’s) Style Guide (available electronically at http://www.mhra.org.uk/Publications/Books/StyleGuide/download.shtml, see section 10.2.2). The guide differs to the above in that it adds the publisher to the publication details, and is formatted differently. For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp. 54-56. It is now common practice to download job resume use full stops only where the abbreviation of the word does not contain the last letter of the word.
So, editor becomes ed., but editors becomes eds. Doctor is Dr, but Professor is Prof.. Also, where an abbreviated title is used very commonly, you do not need to put in out chemosynthesis full stops: for job resume, instance, ALP, ACTU or UNESCO . Primary or documentary material cited by another author. If you need to refer to a quote or to in social + lukes a piece of evidence which you accessed in download job resume a secondary or scholarly source rather than the original source, use these examples as a guide: R. University England Thesis. G. Menzies, speech in the House of Representatives, 23 March 1943, cited in Judith Brett, Robert Menzies Forgotten People, Melbourne 1992, p. 47. Letter from Lewis Mumford to download Frederic Osborn, 2 April 1937, cited in Alison Ravetz, Remaking the Urban Environment, London 1980, pp. 148-9. The general rule is that if the queer original source is available, you should go to and use that original source, rather than borrowing your evidence from another writer. Author of document (first name, last name), name of document (use italic or underline), in editor (ed.) or editors (eds), title of job resume collection (use italics or underline), place and date of publication, page or pages. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans.
J. Dickinson, in J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader , Harmondsworth, 1977, pp. 251-2. (Note: ‘trans.’ is the abbreviation for ‘translated by’.)
If your area of history follows the MHRA Style Guide , this item in your bibliography would follow the same convention outlined earlier, namely: John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Dickinson, in The Portable Medieval Reader , ed. by J.B. Bridges From Personal Writing Essay. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977), pp. Download. 251- 2.
If the for forgery document was not published but has a title (for instance, an download unpublished paper or a speech or an article), use single inverted commas around the university england name of the document. If it was not published and has no title (a letter, for instance), there is download job resume, no need for any marking. For instance: Friederich Engels, ‘The evils of capitalism’, in K. Kharkov (ed.), The Collected Speeches of Engels , Moscow, 1954, pp. Organisms Carry. 23-8. Yves of download Narbonne, letter to queer Gerald of Mallemort, c. 1241, in job resume Walter L. Wakefield and Austin P. Evans (eds), Heresies of the High Middle Ages , New York, 1991, pp. 185-7.
If you are going to university of new england thesis be using documents in archives, or other unpublished material, consult your tutor for assistance with citation rules. If you are referring to normal newspaper writing (news of job resume events, editorials, and queer essay topics so on), you need only provide the name of the newspaper and the date: The Age , 25 April 1996. If you wish to refer to download a specific article, usually by an invited contributor, or to a significant special feature (say, a four-page special report or a report in queer essay a weekly magazine), use the same format as for articles in journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title (use either italics or underline), place and date of publication, page (p.) or pages (pp.) of the information to which you are referring. So: Tim Bonyhady, The Colonial Earth , Melbourne, 2000, p. 13. These publication details are always on one of the download job resume first pages of the book (and usually on the page after the main title page): these details list the publisher and the place of publication, and give other information, most of which you don’t need to essays in social + lukes provide (though see the note below). It is important to check if this is the download job resume first edition of the book, as subsequent editions may contain major revisions, which your reader will need to essay know in order to follow your research trail. If the book is a second or subsequent edition, put that information behind the title. Some further examples: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies , Britain and the Great War, London, 1996, pp.
98-104. John Kasson, Houdini, Tarzan, and job resume the perfect man: the white male body and bridges from personal writing to the the challenge of modernity in America , New York, 2001, p. 231. Thompson, Paul, The Voice of the Past: Oral History , 2nd ed., Oxford, 1988, pp. 53-76. Again, for those following the MHRA style of referencing (see above), the publisher is download job resume, included in the publication details. For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and for forgery Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp. 54-56. Place of publication is always a city or town, not a state, province, region, nation or continent.
Author (first name, last name), title of chapter (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), in download job resume editor (ed.) (or editors (eds)), title of book (use either italics or underline), place and date of publication, pages to which you are referring. Roger Cooter, ‘War and Modern Medicine’, in W. Check For Forgery. F. Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the download job resume History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156. E. Zinkhan, ‘Louisa Albury Lawson: feminist and patriot’, in organisms D. Adelaide (ed.), A Bright and Fiery Troop , Melbourne, 1988, 27-8. Estelle Freedman, ‘”Uncontrolled Desires”: The Response to the Sexual Psychopath, 1920-1960’, in Kathy Peiss Christina Simmons (eds), Passion and Power: Sexuality in History , Philadelphia, 1989, pp. 187-99. Please note: for those following the MHRA Style Guide (see above), and are including the name of the publisher, a footnote reference would be styled like this example: Eve Salisbury, ‘ “Spare the download Rod and queer essay Spoil the Child”: Proverbial Speech Acts, Boy Bishop Sermons, and Pedagogical Violence’, in Speculum Sermonis , ed. by Georgiana Donavin, Cary J. Nederman, and download Richard Utz (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. 141-55 (p. 153).
(Here ‘pp. 141-55’ indicate the page span of out chemosynthesis Salisbury’s contribution to job resume the volume, and the bracketed ‘(p. 153)’ indicates the topics specific page reference.) Articles in journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title of article (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), title of journal or magazine (use either italics or underline), volume or number, year of publication, pages covered by the article, specific page(s) to which you are referring. Phil Scraton, ‘Policing with Contempt: The Degrading of Truth and Denial of download job resume Justice in the Aftermath of the theory + lukes Hillsborough Disaster”, Journal of download job resume Law and Society , vol.
26, 1999, pp. 273-97, p. 275. Emily K. Abel, ‘Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and Women Clients’, Journal of from writing essay Women’s History , vol. 10, 1998, pp. 32-52, pp. 34-5. You will find information about volume number on download the title page of each journal. If there is both a volume and an issue number, just the organisms out chemosynthesis volume number will usually do (for instance, American Historical Review , 102 (1995), or Australian Historical Studies , 26 (1994-5)). Most journals continue numbering pages throughout one volume, even if that volume has several separate issues or numbers. So a reference would read: Katherine Lowe, ‘Elections of Abbesses and Notions of Identity in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice’, Renaissance Quarterly , 54 (2001), 389-429 (p.
390). Director (last name, first name), dir, Name of the film (use either italics or underline), year of release. Hicks, Scott, dir, Shine , 1996. Hitchcock, Alfred, dir, The Birds , 1963. Name of the program (in single inverted commas) and, if this program is part of a series, the specific title of the job resume program and the name of the series (use either italics or underline), location of the program, date of the organisms out chemosynthesis program.
Aboriginal Land Rights: A Special Report, ABC Radio National, 11 December 2002. Interview with John Howard, 3LO, 8 February 2003. ‘Golly Gee, I’m Interviewing a Famous Person’, Sixty Minutes , Nine Network, 13 February 2001. ‘The Reckoning’, The Frontier House , ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Author of the document (if known), name of the document (if relevant), date of the document (if known), at download full WWW address, date on organisms which you accessed the page.
‘Social Conditions in Seventeenth-Century France’, at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/17france-soc.html, accessed 31 March 2003. ‘Suffragists Picketing the White House, January 1917’ (photograph), at http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/thumbnail291.html, access 17 April 2003. Sojourner Truth, Narrative of job resume Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by organisms carry, the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. Using Resources From the Internet and WWW. While there are some very useful sites for historians, including homepages describing research, or containing documents, photographs and interpretive materials, or providing primary documents like speeches, transcripts or debates, you need to be as critical and careful in download your use of WWW resources as in your use of any other kind of evidence . A good deal of the material on the web is not ‘screened’ in any way: it is thomas outline, not edited, reviewed by job resume, others, or subject to any control. This is its greatest strength and its greatest weakness as a medium, and makes the essay task of job resume critically assessing and using sources even more important. For the queer citation, you need to give your reader enough information so that they can easily locate your source: in this case, the full web site information. You also need to tell your reader when you accessed the page: because web pages are updated, the information may have changed location or been removed. In fact, it is a good idea to print out a copy of the page(s) you are using: you can use them more easily, and you have a copy of the job resume information should it subsequently disappear from the web. Citing something for the second time: use of abbreviations and thomas research paper short titles.
Once you have given full information in job resume the first footnote, you should use abbreviations and university england short titles to refer to the same source again. What will usually suffice is the authors last name and a short title (i.e. the first few significant words of the job resume title, as below). Ibidem (always abbreviate as Ibid.) indicates in the place just described, but it must follow directly from the previous citation. 1 Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and the Great War , London, 1996, pp. 98-104. 3 Roger Cooter, ‘War and Modern Medicine’, in W. Jefferson Research Paper. F. Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the download job resume History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156. 4 Bourke, Dismembering the Male , pp. 126-9. 5 Cooter, ‘War and Modern Medicine’, p. 158. In endnote 6, the organisms carry out chemosynthesis information is contained on the same page as endnote 5, and therefore you do not need to repeat the page number.
Again, keep in job resume mind the principle of giving the check essay reader the amount of information they would need to find the material for themselves. There may be particular conventions which you should observe for job resume, particular units: you will be provided with these where necessary. In general, historians do not use the Harvard referencing system. Archaeology students, whose discipline does employ this system when referencing, should follow the norms of history referencing when writing history essays. Similarly, history students should use the Harvard referencing system when writing archaeology essays. Students need to be aware that in organisms carry archaeology/ancient history a variety of styles is download, used: Harvard, Oxford and MHRA. Students in the Centre for Archaeology and Ancient History must be able to use all of organisms out chemosynthesis them correctly; they also use unpublished materials of the types outlined for history and reference them in footnotes. Download. In the theory + lukes end, it is a matter of job resume communicating your understanding of check essay your evidence in the style appropriate for download, your discipline and task. Unit coordinators will advise you if you are unsure. 9. Forming a bibliography and an annotated bibliography.
Your essay should include a bibliography of all sources. If you have used a wide variety of different types of sources, it is helpful to put them into different sections: for instance, the thomas jefferson outline research paper documents or texts (primary sources) you have used might be separated from the historical scholarship (secondary sources). In general, follow the same conventions described above with the exception that authors’ surnames precede their forenames/initials to allow for easier alphabetisation (as in the example below). List your sources alphabetically within each section. However, you do not need to include the page numbers for specific information or citations in your bibliography. Films, television and radio shows and documents from web sites should be included: if there is no author, put them at download job resume the front of the list and england order them alphabetically by title. Newspapers should be listed, but you do not need to provide the job resume dates. Note: those following the MHRA conventions will include the publisher’s name, along with slightly different formatting, as given in examples above (e.g. Burke, Peter, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)).
Contemporary documents and texts. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Dickinson, in J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader, Harmondsworth, 1977. Truth, Sojourner, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. The Birds, dir. Alfred Hitchcock, 1963. ‘The Reckoning’, The Frontier House, ABC Television, 27 April 2003.
Abel, Emily K., ‘Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and Women Clients’, Journal of Women’s History, vol. 10, 1998, pp. Jefferson Paper. 32-52. Kasson, John, Houdini, Tarzan, and the Perfect Man: The White Male Body and job resume the Challenge of carry Modernity in America, New York, 2001. All sources which you have used in order to assist your interpretation of your evidence (the historical scholarship, or secondary sources), should be annotated, when an annotated bibliography is required in job resume the unit. Annotation tells the reader what role a particular source played in developing your argument. A statement of two or three sentences is usually ample.
For instance: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and the Great War, London, 1996. Bourke’s argument about the of new england thesis changing meaning of ‘disability’ provided a very important perspective on download job resume the links between wartime and postwar debates over masculine vulnerability. Her interpretation of what ‘shell-shock’ taught doctors about manhood was particularly valuable for my argument, as was her discussion of dress reform movements during the 1920s. One of the most important skills in effective communication is formatting and presenting your work in ways which help rather than hinder your reader. The impression of clarity, fluency and organisation created by good formatting is very important; conversely, a good essay written without regard for the eye as well as the mind is an ineffective piece of communication.
Some general guidelines: observe the word length, or at least a margin of error of about 10 per cent: one of the skills of writing is to england write to a target, and to tailor your argument to suit the demands of that target. A short 1500 word essay on wartime politics in Nazi Germany or criminality in nineteenth-century Australia is meant to be a short essay, not a major thesis. Adapt your case, and job resume the ground you will cover, so that you can write something effective and convincing within the of new word length; include a word count with your essay. type, print or handwrite the essay on job resume one side of the paper only, using standard A4 paper, and writing to the number each page. Download Job Resume. For essays of out chemosynthesis 1500 words or more, it is reasonable for your tutor to expect a typed or printed copy, though handwriting is fine for shorter exercises; double or one-and-a-half spacing is required, because it leaves more room for comments and job resume corrections; leave a 4cm margin on thomas jefferson paper the left hand side, and a 1.5cm margin on the right, again for comments and ease of reading. Ensure that you use at least a 12-point font. attach a cover sheet (standard cover sheets are available in the pigeonholes under the counter of the School of Historical Studies’ General Office, W604).
You must tick all the download boxes on the reverse side of the cover sheet before signing off under the plagiarism and collusion statement on organisms out chemosynthesis the front of the job resume sheet. ensure that your essay stays together: staples, paper clips, a plastic folder, whatever (we do not grade essays by weight, so go easy on the staples).