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My Pet Animal Parrot Essays and Research Papers. Don't Take Wild Animals in a case, as Pets Heather Davis Many people in the world get pets every day, but why . Cover Letter For Resumes. blame them? There's nothing wrong with having a friend of another species. Define A Case Study. But, if you want a pet , there is one thing you shouldn't do. You should never take an buy research animal from the study wild, and keep them as pets . Process. The reasons are pretty clear. I, myself, have learned from define, self-experience that they are tougher to take care of than your average cat, dog, bird, or fish. They are not used.
Dog , Domesticated animals , Domestication 1321 Words | 4 Pages. Wild Animals as Pets “Between 13,000 and 2,500 B.C., humans domesticated dogs, cats, cattle, goats, horses, and sheep from . their wild counterparts. Traits Essay. Although the terms taming and domestication are often used interchangeably, they are not the same. Individual wild animals can be tamed to behave in a docile manner around humans. By contrast, domestication is define a case study a process that takes place with an entire animal species over many generations.” (libraryindex.com) Humans began domesticating large animals. Biodiversity , Conservation biology , Domestication 2495 Words | 7 Pages. An Exotic Animal as a Pet ? In the many years of traits essay, my young life (only 16), I have encountered many situations . with exotic animals . The reasons for define these encounters were because people own these exotic creatures. The animals that I have had encounters with were a llama, iguana, macaw parrots , geckos, snakes, and tortoise. These encounters with the good animals were all great experiences, and because of these experiences I decided also to be an exotic animal owner.
This comes to define question, should people. Arianna Huffington , Exotic pet , National Geographic Society 752 Words | 3 Pages. My first pet Convincing a family to social adopt a pet kitten can prove to be quite troublesome. Owning a . Study. pet requires a decent amount of free time and great responsibility. Staying persistent in your endeavors and showing your family just how serious you are can prove to be rewarding in good essay words, the end. A Case. Caring for a pet cat can prove be a major responsibility for an eight year old. Even though I was fully aware that I was far too young to take on the responsibility that comes with owning a pet , I was very.
Cat , Cat coat genetics , Head 1086 Words | 3 Pages. Exotic Animals as Pets Danger, danger! Animals are cute, but not all are domesticated to own as . pets . Dogs are a man’s best friend, people suggest cats are an old lonely lady’s answer to everything, and everyone has a dream to odysseus traits essay own a tiger or lion. However, people should not be allowed to own exotic animals as pets . Owning exotic animals can cause an endangerment to the animal , an define a case study endangerment to syntax thesis the owner, and an endangerment to the community. Many people love and own cats and dogs, but many. Animal , Exotic pet , Genetic pollution 1605 Words | 4 Pages. English 5 December 2012 Exotic Animals As Pets According to HSUS, the human society of the United States, wild . animal trade is a case a multi-billion business, following to drugs and weaponries on odysseus essay the black market. It is a fifteen billion dollar industry in study, America alone. Odysseus. Keeping wild animals as pets not only risks your life but the people around you too. Not to mention, the animal itself and the environment. There has been numerous cases where the animal has been killed, neglected, and where.
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General Purpose: To persuade Specific purpose: To persuade my audience that owning wild animals can be dangerous in the . animal health and the owner’s life. Central idea: Exotic animals should not be kept as pets . More and more people every day would rather have an exotic pet than a domestic animal . I. INTRODUCTION A. Attention getter 1. Show pictures of wild animals . 2. Define. How many of you have ever said you wanted a pet monkey when you were at the zoo last time? Or imagined how neat. Conservation biology , Dog , Exotic pet 877 Words | 4 Pages. Thesis: Research suggests that animals can significantly improve one’s health by helping to fight depression, lower blood pressure, and . improve physical/mental conditioning. Traits. I. A Case. Introduction a. Animals provide love, friendship and companionship; however they can also provide health benefits to people. b. Animal -assisted activities or AAA are activities in which animals are activities that enhance the letter for resumes quality of one’s life by providing educational, motivational, or recreational opportunities.
Dog , Health , Health care 766 Words | 3 Pages. The Voice for a case study the Animals Being a pet owner has to thesis on planning process be one of the best things I could have done in my life. I . learned responsibility, love, and compassion. All of study, my pets I’ve had my whole life, they’ve grown with me. But after years of going to vet appointments and volunteering, I’ve learned there are different types of pet owners, “the hoarders”, “puppy mill owners”, and “the ideal pet owner”. All of these are different examples of what to look for in crazy, unresponisible, pet owner.
I’m sure. Animal , Animal cruelty , Dog 843 Words | 3 Pages. Requirements to have a Dog as a Pet Is it an appropriate choice for people to keep a dog as a pet ? Having any kind of . pet at home has become a really essential part of people’s living due to the different needs they have. There is a variety of pets that people can choose from to keep in odysseus, their homes. Many of them would rather live with different kind of pets ; for example, they have birds, dogs and also cats. Nowadays, most families and a case single people want to have a pet in their apartment or at home. Dog , Dog breed , Dog health 959 Words | 3 Pages. OUR business idea is to open a pet shop.
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AB 1634 , Animal welfare , Castration 634 Words | 3 Pages. why people adopt from an animal shelter. For this question we asked, what the thoughts on obtaining an animal from an . animal shelter were, what factors do they look at when choosing a pet , and what are the benefits and a case study draw backs of adopting an animal from a shelter? Another research question was how the condition of the animal shelter affects people’s decision to adopt. We wanted to know if the condition of the shelter deters or helps a person’s decision to adopt a pet from them because if it does. Adoption , Animal shelter , Dog 2698 Words | 7 Pages.
Do you take care of what to write admissions essays, animals ? Taking care of animals is top priority. The reason why we take care of animals is . because they produce many different kinds of study, foods for us such as milk and meat. Good Words. We also have animals to keep us company like our pets . My favourite animal is a dog. Have you ever wanted a pet ? Well if you get a pet you have to take care of it. I have pet dog. Study. We always take him for walks. We take care of him all the time. Always let your pets be free sometime in the day. They are soft. Dog , Dog health , Dogs 525 Words | 2 Pages.
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Preciado. Pamela Per. 2 Nov. What Admissions. 29, 2013 Stray Animals History A stray animal is basically a domestic animal that . Study. has been lost or abandoned. How To Papers. The stray animal issue is by far one of the most visible animal welfare issues in the world.
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Animal Shelters For The Win! Did you know that there are about 4 to 6 thousand animal shelters in the United States? Also did . Define A Case. you know that there are between 8 to letter for resumes 12 million animals in those animal shelters? Unfortunately each year between 4 to 6 million of a case study, those animals are euthanized due to not being able to find a home. On Planning. That’s almost half of the animals that enter a shelter yearly!
But what If I told you that you can make change for a case those animals , if you can take euthanization completely. Adoption , Alan Price , Andy Summers 979 Words | 3 Pages. Owning Exotic Animals, Is It Ethical? Owning Exotic Animals , is it ethical? Many people have pets in their homes such as dogs and cats. However, some people . Cover Letter. want something a bit more exotic and exciting.
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maybe naturally occurring, the concentration is often the key in determining what is a natural component of water and what is a contaminant. Define A Case. Those may not . only cause damage to about admissions human’s health but also disrupt plant growth, and kill many creatures of animal who living in the water. One more other problem is the air pollution, it has been a serious problem throughout the history. Define. The sources of air pollution can be found from both natural and human-based. Such as the smoke from traffics, factories, waste. Environmentalism , Global warming , Great Pacific Garbage Patch 2350 Words | 6 Pages. ENG101 1p.m.
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These animals have proven to . scientists and a case researchers time and time again how smart they can be, but I would like to focus more on good essay words their ability to bond with humans, and a case how well they understand us. Personal Experience I have my own personal experience with domestic fancy rats and dumbo rats. Syntax. These animals show such drastic changes in their personality from define study, human interaction. I purchased my first dumbo rat. Black rat , Brown rat , Fancy rat 1477 Words | 6 Pages.
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African Grey Parrot , Bird , Budgerigar 2100 Words | 5 Pages. Are Animals Beneficial to our Health? When we think of a case, therapy animals most likely one would think of the service dogs that . assist disabled people with daily activities in life; however is it possible that different animals could be beneficial to someone’s health? There are more than dogs being used for how to therapy in helping people either with a disability or health issues. Animals play an important role in people’s lives. In addition to seeing-eye dogs and dogs that can be trained to detect seizures. Animal-assisted therapy , Dog , Dolphin 1716 Words | 6 Pages. unconditional love. Study. Animals help enhance people’s quality of life, not only by syntax, improving their physical well being, but also improving their . mental state.
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Okay let’s start off with the fact that pets are great listeners. People may go to their pets with their problems because they are reliable and do not judge the how to person. Feeling like someone. Disability , Dog , Emotion 817 Words | 4 Pages. Overpopulation of Animals in Animal Shelters Overpopulation of define, Animals in Animal Shelters Tonia . Letter For Resumes. Lavine Rogue Community College Over Population of a case, Animals in Animal Shelters Millions of companion animals are being euthanized by good essay, animal shelters each year nationwide. Study. One might ask why this is. Is there any one person or persons that is responsible for the over population of animals going to our local shelters? These are all questions that need to syntax thesis be answered. If we as the general public want. Animal euthanasia , Animal shelter , Animal welfare 2391 Words | 6 Pages.
lead to. Exotic animals should not be owned as pets because it can be dangerous for the animals , dangerous for . humans, and it is against the law in define a case study, most of the US. To Write About In College Admissions. If you can all recall the incident that happened back in October of 2011 in define, Zanesville Ohio (which happens to be my hometown) where 56 animals were let lose, and all damages that were caused. Zanesville is very close to us which is all the better reason for us all to agree that exotic animals should not be kept as pets . According to.
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The Complete Guide to MLA Citations. This page provides an in-depth overview of MLA format. It includes information related to define, MLA citations, plagiarism, proper formatting for in-text and regular citations, and examples of citations for many different types of sources. Looking for APA? Check out Citation Machine’s guide on APA format. How to Be a Responsible Researcher or Scholar:
Putting together a research project involves searching for information, disseminating and analyzing information, collecting information, and syntax thesis, repurposing information. Being a responsible researcher requires keeping track of the sources that were used to help develop your research project, sharing the information you borrowed in an ethical way, and giving credit to a case study, the authors of the sources you used. Doing all of these things prevents plagiarism. Plagiarism is the act of odysseus, using others’ information without giving credit or acknowledging them. There are many examples of plagiarism. Define Study? Completely copying another individual’s work without providing credit to the original author is a very blatant example of plagiarism. Thesis? Plagiarism also occurs when another individual’s idea or concept is passed off as your own. Changing or modifying quotes, text, or any work of another individual is also plagiarism. Believe it or not, you can even plagiarize yourself!
Re-using a project or paper from another class or time and a case study, saying that it is new is for resumes, plagiarism. Define A Case? One way to prevent plagiarism is to add citations in your project where appropriate. A citation shows the reader or viewer of your project where you found your information. Citations are included in the body of a project when you add a quote into your project. Citations are also included in the body when you’re paraphrasing another individual’s information. These citations that are found in cover for resumes, the body of define, a research paper are called in-text, or parenthetical citations. These citations are found directly after the information that was borrowed and are very brief in order to avoid becoming distracted while reading a project. Included in these brief citations is usually just the last name of the how to buy research author and a page number or the year published. Scroll down below for define a case study, an in-depth explanation and social syntax, examples of in-text and parenthetical citations. In-text and parenthetical citations provide us with a brief idea as to where you found your information, it doesn't include the title and other components.
Look on the last page or part of a research project, where complete citations can be found in their entirety. Complete citations are found on what is define a case, called an MLA Works Cited page, which is words, sometimes called a bibliography. All sources that were used to develop your research project are found on the Works Cited page. Complete citations are created for any quotes or paraphrased information used in the text, but also any sources that helped you develop your research project. Included in complete citations is the author’s name, the title, publisher, year published, page numbers, URLs, and a few other pieces of information. Looking to create your citations in just a few clicks? Try Citation Machine’s MLA formatter! The Citation Machine MLA generator, which is an MLA citation website, will create all of your citations in just a few clicks. Click here to see more across the site.
Also, check out this article to see MLA citation in the news. Citing your sources is an extremely important component of your research project. It shows that you’re a responsible researcher. It also shows that you were able to locate appropriate and a case, reputable sources that helped back up your thesis or claim. In addition, if your work ends up being posted online or in print, there is a chance that others will use your research project in their own work! Scroll down to for resumes, find directions on define a case study how to create citations. How the how to Modern Language Association Helps You Become a Responsible Researcher. The Modern Language Association is an define, organization that was created to develop guidelines on good connecting everything language and literature related. They have guidelines on proper grammar usage and research paper layouts. In addition, they have English and foreign language committees, numerous books and journal publications, and an annual conference. The Modern Language Association is responsible for creating standards and guidelines on define a case how to properly cite sources to prevent plagiarism.
Their style is most often used when writing papers and citing sources in the liberal arts and humanities fields. Liberal arts is a broad term used to how to buy research, describe a range of subjects including the humanities, formal sciences such as mathematics and statistics, natural sciences such as biology and astronomy, and social science such as geography, economics, history, and others. The humanities specifically focuses on subjects related to languages, art, philosophy, religion, music, theater, literature, and ethics. Believe it or not, there are thousands of other types of citation styles. While this citation style is most often used for the liberal arts and humanities fields, many other subjects, professors, and schools prefer citations and define a case, papers to be styled in MLA format. These specific guidelines and standards for creating citations was developed for numerous reasons. When scholars and researchers in the literature, language, and numerous other fields all cite their sources in the same manner, it makes it easier for how to, readers to look at a citation and recognize and understand the different components of a source. From looking at define a case a citation, we can see who the author is, the title of the source, when it was published, and other identifiable pieces of information. Imagine how difficult it would be to odysseus, understand the various components of define study, a source if we didn’t all follow the same guidelines! Not only would it make it difficult to understand the odysseus essay source that was used, but it would also make it difficult for readers to locate it themselves. Study? This streamlined process that was created aides us in understanding a researcher’s sources.
How is the new version different than previous versions? This citation style has changed dramatically over the past couple of years. Currently in its 8th edition, the 8th version is a citation style that is social, much different than the previous formatting style. In the 7th version, which is the define study format, or structure, that was previously used, researchers and how to papers, scholars found it grueling to put their citations together. Why? Each source used a different citation structure. Researchers and scholars were required to look up the citation format that matched the type of source they used. So, if a person used a book, a website, a journal article, a newspaper article, and an e-book, all in one research project, they were required to look up how to a case study, cite each one of those sources because each was structured differently. Now, with the new version of MLA formatting, which is version 8, all source types use the thesis on planning same citation structure.
The Modern Language Association enacted this new format due to the many new and innovative ways of obtaining information. We are no longer receiving information through traditional means, such as books, websites, and articles. Study? We can now obtain information through apps, advertisements, Tweets, other social media posts, and many other creative ways. To make the process of creating citations easier for researchers and scholars, the Modern Language Association decided to buy research, have one MLA citing format, which works for all source types. Other changes were made as well. This includes: removing http:// and https:// from URLs. not including the define a case city where a source was published or the thesis name of the publisher from some source types (such as newspapers). the define a case ability to use a screen name or username in place of an author’s full name. using the abbreviations vol. and no., for volume and number, when including information from a periodical.
There are two types of citations. There are regular or complete citations, which are found at social the end of research projects. These citations are usually listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last names and include all of the define a case study information necessary for letter for resumes, readers to be able to locate the source themselves. Regular citations are generally placed in this MLA citation format: Last name of the author, First name of the author. “Source’s Title.” Container’s Title , roles and names of any other individuals who helped contribute to the source, the version of the source, any numbers associated with the source, the name of the publisher, the date the source was published, the location where individuals can find the source themselves (usually a URL or page range). There are times when additional information is added into define study, the regular citation.
Not sure how to transfer the information from your source into how to papers, your citation? Confused about the term, “containers?” See below for information and complete explanations of each component of the citation. The other type of a case, citation, called an odysseus traits essay, “in text citation,” is included in define a case, the main part, or body, of good connecting words, a project when a researcher uses a quote or paraphrases information from another source. See the study next section to find out cover for resumes, how to create in text citations. What are in text and parenthetical citations?
As stated above, in text citations, also called parenthetical citations, are included in the main part of a project when using a quote or paraphrasing a piece of information from another source. We include these types of citations in the body of a project for readers to define a case study, quickly gain an idea as to essay connecting, where we found the information. These in text citations are found immediately after the quote or paraphrased information. They contain a small tidbit of the information found in the regular citation. The regular, or complete, citation is located at the end of a project. Here’s what a typical in text or parenthetical citation looks like: Throughout the novel, the mother uses a vast amount of Chinese wisdom to explain the world and people’s temperaments.
She states, “each person is made of five elements….Too much fire and you have a bad temper. too little wood and you bent too quickly. too much water and you flowed in too many directions” (Tan 31). This specific in text citation, (Tan 31), is included so that the reader sees that we are quoting something from a case, page 31 in Tan’s book. The complete, regular citation isn’t included in the main part of the project because it would be too distracting for the reader. We want them to focus on social syntax thesis our work and study, research, not necessarily our sources. If the reader would like to what to write essays, see the define source’s full information, and good connecting words, possibly locate the source themselves, they can refer to the last part of the project to find the regular citation. The regular citation, at the end of the a case project looks like this:
Tan, Amy. The Joy Luck Club . Penguin, 1989, p. What To Write About Admissions Essays? 31. If your direct quote or paraphrase comes from a source that does not have page numbers, it is acceptable to define a case study, place a paragraph number (use the abbreviation par. or pars.), sections (sec. or secs.), or chapters (ch. or chs.). If there are absolutely no numbers to good, help readers locate the exact point in the source, only include the author’s last name. More About Quotations and How to define a case, Cite a Quote: Use quotes from outside sources to help illustrate and expand on your own points, but the majority of your paper should be your own writing and buy research, ideas. Include the quote exactly as you found it.
It is okay to pull and use only certain words or phrases from the quote, but keep the study words (spelling and capitalization) and punctuation the same. It is acceptable to break up a direct quote with your own writing The entire paper should be double spaced, including quotes. Example: Dorothy stated, “Toto,” then looked up and took in her surroundings, “I’ve a feeling we’re not in Kansas anymore“ ( Wizard of odysseus, Oz ). If the quote is longer than four lines, it is a case, necessary to odysseus, make a block quote. Block quotes show the reader that they are about to read a lengthy amount of text from another source.
Start the quote on the next line, half an inch in from the left margin Do not use any indents at the beginning of the block quote Only use quotation marks if there are quotation marks present in the source If there is more than one paragraph in the block quote, start the next paragraph with the same half inch indent Add your in-text citation at the end of the block quote. While his parents sat there in surprise, Colton went onto define a case study say. “Cause I could see you,” Colon said matter-of-factly. “I went up and out of my body and thesis, I was looking down and I could see the doctor working on my body. And I saw you and Mommy. You were in a little room by define a case study yourself, praying; and Mommy was in a different room, and she was praying and talking on the phone” (Burpo xxi). Confused about cover, whether footnotes and endnotes should be used? Footnotes and study, endnotes are not used in traits essay, this style. A Case? Use in-text, or parenthetical citations, in the body of your work.
In addition, create full, or regular citations, and place them at the end of your project on words the Works Cited list. If you need help with in text and parenthetical citations, Citation Machine can help. Citation Machine’s MLA citation generator is simple and define a case study, easy to social syntax, use! Specific Components of a Citation. This section explains each individual component of the define citation, with examples for each section. The author’s name is usually the first item listed in the citation. Author names start with the on planning process last name, then a comma is added, and a case study, then the good words author’s first name (and middle name if applicable) is at the end. A period closes this information. Here are two examples of how an author’s name can be listed in a citation: Poe, Edgar Allan.
Wondering how to format the author’s name when there are two authors working jointly on a source? When there are two authors that work together on a source, the author names are placed in the order in a case study, which they appear on the source. Place their names in this format: First listed author’s Last Name, First name, and Second author’s First Name Last Name. Here are two examples of how to cite two authors: Clifton, Mark, and Frank Riley. Paxton, Roberta J., and Michael Jacob Fox. There are many times when three or more authors work together on a source. This happens often with journal articles, edited books, and letter, textbooks. To cite a source with three or more authors, place the information in this format:
First listed author’s Last name, First name, et al. As you can see, only include the first author’s name. The other authors are accounted for by using et al. In Latin, et al. is translated to “and others.” If using Citation Machine’s citation generator, this abbreviation is automatically added for you. Here’s an example of a citation for three or more authors: Warner, Ralph, et al. How to Buy a House in define a case, California . Letter For Resumes? Edited by Alayna Schroeder, 12th ed., Nolo, 2009. Is there no author listed on your source? If so, in define a case study, MLA formatting, exclude the author’s information from the citation and begin the citation with the title of the source. Was the source found on social media, such as a tweet, Reddit, or Instagram post? If this is the case, you are allowed to start the citation with the author’s handle, username, or screen name.
Here is an example of how to cite a tweet: @CarlaHayden. “I’m so honored to talk about digital access at @UMBCHumanities. We want to share the @libraryofcongress collection.” Twitter , 13 Apr. 2017, 6:04 p.m., twitter.com/LibnOfCongress/status/852643691802091521. While most citations begin with the name of the author, they do not necessarily have to. Quite often, sources are compiled by editors. Or, your source may be done by a performer or composer.
If your project focuses on someone other than the in college admissions essays author, it is acceptable to a case, place that person’s name first in the citation. If you’re using Citation Machine’s citation generator, you will be able to choose the individual’s role from a drop down box. For example, let’s say that in what to write in college, your research project, you focus on Leonardo DiCaprio’s performances as an actor. You’re quoting a line from the movie, Titanic , in define a case study, your project, and you’re creating a complete citation for it in the Works Cited list. It is acceptable to show the reader that you’re focusing on Leonardo DiCaprio’s work by citing it like this in the MLA Works Cited list: DiCaprio, Leonardo, performer. Titanic . Directed by letter for resumes James Cameron. Paramount, 1997. Notice that when citing an a case study, individual other than the author, place the individual’s role after their name.
In this case, Leonardo DiCaprio is the performer. This is often done with edited books, too. Good? Place the editor’s name first (in reverse order), add a comma, and then add the word editor. If you’re still confused about how to place the a case authors together in a citation, Citation Machine can help! Our website is easy to use and will create your citations in just a few clicks! The titles are written as they are found on the source, and in syntax thesis, title form, meaning the important words start with a capital. Here’s an example of a title written properly:
Practical Digital Libraries: Books, Bytes, and Bucks. Wondering whether to place your title in italics or quotation marks? It depends on whether the study source sits by cover itself or not. If the source stands alone, meaning that it is an independent source, place the title in italics. If the title is part of a larger whole, place the title of the source in quotation marks and the source it sits in, in italics. When citing full books, movies, websites, or albums in their entirety, these titles are written in italics. However, when citing part of a source, such as an article on a website, a chapter in a book, a song on define study an album, or an article in a scholarly journal, the social thesis part is a case study, written with quotation marks and then the titles of the sources that they are found in traits essay, are written in italics. Here are some examples to help you understand how to define study, format titles and their containers. To cite Pink Floyd’s entire album, The Wall , cite it as this:
Pink Floyd. Letter? The Wall . Columbia, 1979. To cite one of the songs on Pink Floyd’s album, cite it as this: Pink Floyd. “Another Brick in the Wall (Part I).” The Wall , Columbia, 1979, track 3. To cite a fairy tale book in its entirety, cite it as this:
Colfer, Chris. The Land of Stories . Little Brown, 2016. To cite a specific story, or chapter, in the book, it would be cited as this: Colfer, Chris. “Little Red Riding Hood.” The Land of Stories , Little Brown, 2016, pp. A Case Study? 58-65. From the about essays section above, you can see that titles can stand alone or they can sit in a container. Many times, sources can sit in more than one container. Wondering how? When citing an define a case, article in a scholarly journal, the papers first container is the journal.
The second container? It’s the database that the scholarly journal is found in. It is important to account for all containers, so that readers are able to locate the exact source themselves. When citing a television episode, the study first container is the name of the show and the second container is the syntax thesis name of the service that it could be streaming on, such as Netflix . If your source sits in more than one container, the information about the second container is study, found at the end of the citation. Use the following format to cite your source with multiple containers : Last name of the author, First name of the author. “Source’s Title.” Container’s Title , roles and names of any other individuals who helped contribute to social, the source, the define a case version of the source, any numbers associated with the source, the name of the publisher, the date the source was published, the location where individuals can find the on planning source themselves (usually a URL or page range). Title of a case, Second Container , roles and names of any other contributors, the version of the second container, any numbers associated with the second container, the name of the good second container’s publisher, the date the second container was published, location. If the source has more than two containers, add on another full other section at the end for each container. Not all of the fields in define study, the citation format above need to be included in your citation. In fact, many of these fields will most likely be omitted from your citations.
Only include the elements that will help your readers locate the source themselves. Here is an example of a citation for a scholarly journal article found on a database. This source has two containers, the journal itself is one container, and the site it sits on is the other. Zanetti, Francois. “Curing with Machine: Medical Electricity in Eighteenth-Century Paris.” Technology and Culture , vol. 54, no. 3, July 2013, pp. 503-530. Letter For Resumes? Project Muse , muse.jhu.edu/article/520280. If you’re still confused about containers, Citation Machine’s MLA formatter, or MLA cite generator, can help! MLA citing is a case, easier when using Citation Machine’s website.
Many sources have people, besides the author, who contribute to the source. If your research project focuses on an additional individual besides the author, or you feel as though including other contributors will help the thesis reader locate the source themselves, include their names in define, the citation. To include another individual in the citation, after the title, place the role of the individual, the on planning process word by, and then their name in standard order. If the define study name of the contributor comes after a period, capitalize the process first letter in a case study, the role of the individual. If it comes after a comma, the first letter in the role of the individual is lowercased. Here’s an example of a citation for a children’s book with the name of the odysseus traits illustrator included.
Rubin, Adam. Dragons Love Tacos . Illustrated by Daniel Salmieri, Penguin, 2012. The names of editors, directors, performers, translators, illustrators, and narrators can often be found in this part of the citation. If the source that you’re citing states that it is a specific version or edition, this information is placed in the “versions” section of the citation. When including a numbered edition, do not type out the define a case number, use the numeral. Also, abbreviate the word edition to ed. Here is an example of a citation with a specific edition: Koger, Gregory. “Filibustering and odysseus, Parties in the Modern State.” Congress Reconsidered , edited by Lawrence C. Dodd and Bruce I. Oppenheimer, 10th ed., CQ Press, 2013, pp. 221-236. Google Books , books.google.com/books?id=b7gkLlSEeqwClpg=PP1dq=10th%20editionpg=PR6#v=onepageq=10th%20editionf=false.
Many sources have numbers associated with them. If you see a number, different than the date, page numbers, or editions, include this information in a case study, the “numbers” section of the thesis process citation. Study? This includes volume and/or issue numbers (use the abbreviations vol. and letter for resumes, no.), episode numbers, track numbers, or any other numbers that will help readers identify the specific source that you used. Do not include ISBN (International Standard Book Numbers) in define a case study, the citation. In MLA format citing, it is important to buy research, include the name of the publisher (the organization that created or published the source), so that readers can locate the exact source themselves. Include publishers for all sources except for periodicals. Also, for websites, exclude this information when the name of the publisher matches the name of the website. Furthermore, the name of the publisher is often excluded from the citation for second containers, since the publisher of the second container is not necessarily responsible for the creation or production of the source’s content. Publication dates are extremely important to include in citations. They allow the reader to study, understand when sources were published. They are also used when readers are attempting to locate the source themselves.
Dates can be written in one of two ways. Researchers can write dates as: Whichever format you decide to to write about in college, use, use the same format for all of your citations. If using the Citation Machine’s citation generator, the date will be formatted in the same way for each citation. While it isn’t necessary to include the define full date for all source citations, use the amount of information that makes the most sense to help your readers understand and locate the source themselves. Wondering what to do when your source has more than one date? Use the date that is in college essays, most applicable to your research. The location generally refers to the place where the readers can find the define a case source.
This includes page ranges, URLs, DOI numbers, track numbers, disc numbers, or even cities and towns. When MLA citing websites, make sure to remove the beginning of the URL (http:// or https://) as it is not necessary to include this information. For page numbers, when citing a source that sits on only one page, use p. Letter For Resumes? Example: p. 6. When citing a source that has a page range, use pp. and then add the page numbers. Example: pp. 24-38. Since the location is the final piece of the define a case citation, place a period at cover the end. Looking for an online tool to define a case, do the work for you? Citation Machine can help! Our site is simple (and fun!) to use. ALL sources use this format:
Last name of the author, First name of the author. “Source’s Title.” Container’s Title , roles and names of any other individuals who helped contribute to the source, the version of the source, any numbers associated with the source, the name of the publisher, the date the source was published, the cover letter location where individuals can find the source themselves (usually a URL or page range). * Title of Second Container , roles and a case study, names of any other contributors, the version of the second container, any numbers associated with the second container, the name of the good essay connecting words second container’s publisher, the date the define second container was published, location. *If the source does not have a second container, omit this last part of the citation. Remember, Citation Machine’s MLA formatter will help you save time and energy when creating your citations. Check out our MLA Citation Machine page to learn more. Collins, Suzanne. The Hunger Games . Scholastic, 2008. Khan, Maryam. “Co-branding in the Restaurant Industry.” Managing Tourism and Hospitality Services: Theory and on planning process, International Application . Edited by B. Prideaux et al., CABI, 2005, pp. 73-82.
Zak, Elizabeth. “Do You Believe in define a case study, Magic? Exploring the Conceptualization of for resumes, Augmented Reality and define a case, its Implications for the User in the Field of Library and Information Science.” Information Technology Libraries , vol. 33, no. 3, 2014, pp. 23-50. Online Scholarly Journal Articles: Kuzuhara, Kenji, et al. “Injuries in Japanese Mini-Basketball Players During Practices and how to buy research, Games.” Journal of Athletic Training , vol. 51. no. 2, Dec. 2016, p. 1022.
Gale Health Reference Center Academic , i.ezproxy.nypl.org/login?url=http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=HRCAsw=wu=nyplv=2.1id=GALE%7CA484460772it=rasid=91b1a34dda62a32f4cd82c768e8a6a97. When citing a website, individuals are often actually citing a specific page on a website. They’re not actually citing the entire website. Here is the most common way to cite a page on a website: Start the citation with the a case name of the author who wrote the information on the page. If there isn’t an author listed, do not include this information in the citation.
Start the citation with the title. The title of the individual page is placed in quotation marks, followed by a period. Next, place the words name of the website in a case study, italics, followed by odysseus traits essay a comma. If the name of the publisher matches the name of the author or the a case study name of the title, do not include the publisher’s information in the citation. The date the page or website was published comes next. End the citation with the URL. Thesis Process? When including the URL, remove http:// and study, https:// from the URL. Since most websites begin with this prefix, it is not necessary to include it in the citation. Last name, First name of author. “ Title of on planning process, Web Page .” Title of Website, Publisher, Date published, URL. Rothfeld, Lindsay. A Case? “Smarter Education: The Rise of letter for resumes, Big Data in the Classroom.” Mashable , 3 Sept. 2014, mashable.com/2014/09/03/education-data-video/#hViqdPbFbgqH.
(When citing websites, remember to remove http:// and https:// from the URL.) Bloomgarden-Smoke, Kara. “Medium Cool.” New York Observer , 2 Mar. 2015, pp. 14-17. Skiba, Katherine. “Obama To Hold First Public Event Since Leaving Office in Chicago on Monday.” Los Angeles Times , 24 Apr. 2017, www.latimes.com/politics/la-na-obama-speech-20170424-story.html. “Three Turkeys.” Modern Family , produced by define a case study Steven Levitan and Christopher Lloyd, ABC, 19 Nov. 2014. Home Alone . Performance by Macaulay Culkin, directed by what about in college admissions essays Chris Columbus, 20th Century Fox, 1990. DJ Mag. “Skream b2B Solardo Live from Claude VonStroke Presents The Birdhouse Miami.” YouTube , 29 Mar.
2017, youtu.be/4Q448x-LHGg. Gates, Melinda. “Today, Bill and I were deeply humbled to accept France’s Legion of define study, Honour award on behalf of odysseus traits, all our foundation’s partners and a case study, grantees.” Twitter , 21 Apr. 2017, 2:36 p.m., twitter.com/melindagates/status/855535625713459200. There are a variety of ways to cite an image. This section will show how to cover, cite a digital image found on a website and an image in print. How to cite a digital image:
Use this structure to cite a digital image: Last name, First name of the creator (if available). “Title or Description of the Image * . Title of the Website , Publisher ** , Date published, URL. * if the digital image does not have an official title, create a brief description. Do not place the description in quotation marks or italics. A Case Study? In addition, only capitalize the first letter in what to write about in college essays, the description and any proper nouns. ** If the name of the publisher is the same as the a case study author or the good essay connecting same name as the a case website, do not include the syntax thesis publisher in the citation. “NFL Red Zone Usage Sleepers: Identify Undervalued Players and Team Offenses.” RotoBaller , www.rotoballer.com/nfl-fantasy-football-cheat-sheet-draft-kit?src=bar. Wondering how to cite an image found through a search engine, such as Google?
Head to the site where the image “lives,” by clicking on the link that leads you to the website. Cite the image using the information from the original site. How to cite an image in print: Last name, First name of the creator (if available). A Case? Title or Description of the Image * . Title of the Container, such as a the Book Title, Magazine Title, etc ., Publisher ** , Date published, page or page range.
* if the digital image does not have an official title, create a brief description. Do not place the description in quotation marks or italics. In addition, only capitalize the first letter in the description and any proper nouns. ** If the name of the publisher is the same as the author or the same name as the website, do not include the publisher in the citation. Photograph of Kate Middleton.
Metro New York , 19 July 2017, p.17. To cite a magazine in print, you’ll need the following pieces of information. They can be found on the cover of the magazine and on the article itself: The name of the magazine The date the magazine was published The title of the magazine article The name of the author of the article The page or page range the article is found on. On the cover of what to write about admissions essays, most magazines, you can find the a case study title of the magazine as well as the date the magazine was published. On the odysseus article itself, you can find the name of the define article’s author(s), the title of the article, and the page or page range that the article is found on.
If the article appears on nonconsecutive pages, include the page number for the first page the article is what about in college admissions essays, found on, and then add a plus sign after it. Example: 61+ Place the information in this format: Last name, First name of the Article’s Author. Define? “Title of the Article.” Title of the Magazine , Date published, page range. Example for the print magazine article above: Gopnik, Adam. “A New Man: Ernest Hemingway, Revised and Revisited.” The New Yorker , 3 July 2017, pp.
61-66. An essay is an analytic writing piece that is generally short in length (compared to books and words, journal articles) and define a case study, focuses on a specific topic or subject. Citing an essay is traits, similar to citing a chapter in a book or a story in an anthology. Include the name of the individual author or the group of authors, the study title of the essay (placed in how to buy research papers, quotation marks), the title of the book, collection, or site the essay is found on define a case (in italics), the name of the editor (if there is thesis on planning process, one), the volume and issue number (if they are available), the publication date, and the location. The location can be either a page range or a URL. Here is an a case, MLA formatting example of how to cite an social thesis, essay:
Hasen, Richard L. “Race or Party? How Courts Should Think About Republican Efforts to Make it Harder to Vote in North Carolina and Elsewhere.” Harvard Law Review Forum , vol. Study? 125, no. 58, 7 Jan. 2014, harvardlawreview.org/2014/01/race-or-party-how-courts-should-think-about-republican-efforts-to-make-it-harder-to-vote-in-north-carolina-and-elsewhere/. Place the name of the how to buy research person being interviewed at the beginning of the citation, in the author’s position The title or description of the interview comes next. If there isn’t a formal title, only use the word Interview as the title and do not place it in quotation marks or italics. If found online or in a book, include the title of the website or book after the title. After the title, it is acceptable to define a case, include the to write in college essays name of the interviewer.
Include this information especially if it will help readers locate the define interview themselves or if it’s relevant to cover for resumes, the research paper. Include the define a case study publisher if it is a published interview and if it differs from any other information already found in the citation. Include the date that the interview was either published or the date that the interview occurred. If found online, include the URL. Or, if found in a book, magazine, or other print source, include the page range. Here are two examples:
Gutman, Dan. “Interview with Children’s Author Dan Gutman.” The Washington Post , 9 Mar. 2011, www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/03/08/AR2011030805468.html. Lin, Brenda. Interview. By Michele Kirschenbaum. 17 July 2017. Check to see if the the PDF is written by an individual, set of authors, or an how to buy research papers, organization or company.
If it is not written by an individual or a set of authors, use the name of the organization or company responsible for creating the PDF in place of the author’s name. Continue with the title of the PDF, version (if there are different versions available), the publisher (only include if the name of the publisher is different than the name of the define study author or the title), the publication date, and the location (usually a URL if found online). Notice that in the example below, the name of the publisher (The American Podiatric Medical Association) is omitted since the name of the publisher is the same name as the author. MLA format example: American Podiatric Medical Association. The Real Cost of Diabetes: Diabetic Foot Complications Are Common and Costly . apma.files.cms-plus.com/ProductPDFs/APMA_TodaysPodiatrist_Infographic_8.5x11.pdf. To cite a full textbook in print, you’ll need to find the following pieces of information:
The name of the author(s) or editor(s) The title of the textbook, including any subtitles The version of the textbook (such as a numbered edition or revised edition) The name of the publisher The year the textbook was published. Place the pieces of information in this format: Last name, First name of the author or Last name, First name, editor. Title of the Textbook . Version, Publisher, Year published. If the cover textbook was compiled by an editor, use this format at the beginning of the citation: Last name, First name, editor. Examples of how to cite a textbook in define a case study, print: Lilly, Leonard S. Braunwald’s Heart Disease: Review and Assessment . 9th ed., Elsevier Saunders, 2012. Cherny, Nathan, et al., editors.
Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine . 5th ed., Oxford UP, 2015. How to Cite a Chapter from a Textbook in Print: To cite an individual chapter, you’ll need to find the following pieces of information: The name of the author(s) of the individual chapter or section The title of the individual chapter or section The title of the textbook The name of the editors of the textbook The version of the textbook (such as a numbered edition or a revised edition) The name of the to write admissions essays publisher The year the textbook was published. Place the a case pieces of information in this format: Last name, First name of the what to write chapter author. A Case Study? “Title of the chapter or section.” Title of the Textbook , edited by First name Last name of editor, version, Publisher, Year published, page or page range. Example of how to cite a chapter from a textbook in print: Riley, Simon C., and Michael J. Odysseus? Murphy. “Student Choice in the Undergraduate Curriculum: Student-Selected Components.” Oxford Textbook of Medical Education , edited by Kieran Walsh, Oxford UP, pp. A Case Study? 50-63. Surveys can be found online or in print. Good Essay Connecting? Find the format below that matches the type of survey you’re attempting to cite.
To cite a survey found on a website, follow this structure: Last name, First name of survey’s creator(s) OR organization responsible for study, its creation. “Title of the Survey.” Title of the Website , Publisher (if different than the on planning process author or website title), Publication date, URL. International Food Information Council Foundation. Define A Case? “Food Decision 2016: Food Health Survey.” Food Insight , International Center of Excelled in Food Risk Communication, 2016, www.foodinsight.org/sites/default/files/2016-Food-and-Health-Survey-Report_%20FINAL_0.pdf. To cite a survey found in print, follow this structure: Last name, First name of process, survey’s creator(s) OR organization responsible for its creation. Study? “Title of Survey.” Title of Publication , Publisher (if different than the author or website title), Publication date, page or page range that survey is found on. Don’t see your source type on this guide? Citation Machine’s citation generator can create your citations for good connecting words, you!
Our website will help you develop your works cited page and in text and define, parenthetical citations in just a few clicks. Looking for APA? Check out good essay connecting words, Citation Machine’s guide on APA format. Check out this article to define a case, see it in the news. When it comes to formatting your paper or essay for academic purposes, there are specific guidelines to follow. The section that follows will answer the following questions: How to format an MLA paper , How to create papers , and How to syntax thesis, write in MLA format . Define A Case Study? If you’re trying to learn how to format your essay, this section will help you too. Use paper that is 8?-by-11 inch in size. Syntax Thesis? This is the standard size for copier and printer paper Use high quality paper Your research paper or essay should have a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, left, and right sides of the a case study paper While most word processors automatically format your paper to syntax, have one-inch margins, you can check or modify the margins of a case, your paper by going to the “Page setup” section of your word processor. Click here for more on margins. Use an easily readable font, specifically one that allows readers to see the difference between regular and italicized letters. Times New Roman, Arial, and Helvetica are recommended options Use 12 point size font.
Should I double space the paper, including citations? Double space the essays entire paper There should be a double space between each piece of information in the heading Place a double space between the define study heading and the title Place a double space between the title and the beginning of the essay The Works Cited page should be double spaced as well. All citations are double spaced. Text should be left-justified, meaning that the text is aligned, or lies flush, against the left margin New paragraphs should be indented half an inch from the left margin Indents signal to the reader that a new concept or idea is about to begin Use the “tab” button on your keyboard to create an indent Add one space after all punctuation marks. Include a proper heading and title The heading should include the following, on social syntax separate lines, starting one inch from the top and left margins: Your full name Your teacher or professor’s name The course number Date Dates in define study, the heading and the body of your essay should be consistent. Use the same format, either Day Month Year or Month Day, Year throughout the entire paper Examples: 27 July 2017 or July 27, 2017 The title should be underneath the heading, centered in the middle of the page, without bold, underlined, italicized, or all capital letters. Number all pages, including the Works Cited page Place page numbers in the top right corner, half an connecting words, inch from the top margin and one inch from the right margin. Include your last name to define a case, the left of the syntax thesis page number. The Works Cited list should be at the end of the paper, on its own page.
If a citation flows onto the second line, indent it in half an define study, inch from the left margin (called a hanging indent). For more information on the Works Cited list, refer to “How to Make a Works Cited Page,” which is found below. According to the Modern Language Associatin’s official guidelines for formatting a research paper, it is not necessary to create or include an individual title page at the beginning of a research project. Instead, follow the directions above, under “Heading Title,” to create a proper heading. This heading is featured at how to buy research papers the top of the first page of the a case research paper or research assignment. If your instructor or professor does in social thesis, fact require or ask for a title page, follow the directions that you are given. They should provide you with the information needed to create a separate, individual title page. If they do not provide you with instructions, and you are left to create it at your own discretion, use the header information above to help you develop your research paper title page. You may want to a case study, include other information, such as the name of good essay words, your school or university. The MLA Works Cited page is generally found at the end of a research paper or project. It contains a list of all of the citations of sources used for define a case, the research project.
Follow these directions to format the syntax Works Cited list to match the Modern Language Association’s guidelines. The Works Cited list has its own page, at define a case study the end of a research project Include the same running head as the rest of the project (Your last name and then the page number). The Works Cited List has the good essay connecting final page number for the project. Name the page “Works Cited,” unless your list only includes one citation. In that case, title it as “Work Cited.” The title of the page (either Works Cited or Work Cited) is define study, placed one inch from the top of the page, centered in the middle of the document. Double space the entire document, even between the title of the page and good essay connecting, the first citation. A Case Study? Citations are listed in alphabetical order by the first word in the citation (usually the last name of the author or the first word in the title if the citation does not include the author’s name.
Ignore A, An, and The if the title begins with these words.) All citations begin flush against about in college essays, the left margin. If the citation is long in length, and rolls onto a second or third line, the lines below the first line are indented half an inch from the left margin. This is called a “hanging indent.” The purpose of a hanging indent is to make the citations easier to read. Wai-Chung, Ho. “Political Influences on Curriculum Content and Musical Meaning: Hong Kong Secondary Music Education, 1949-1997.” Journal of Historical Research in define a case, Music Education , vol. 22, no. 1, 1 Oct. 2000, pp. 5-25.
Periodicals Index Online , search-proquest-com.i.ezproxy.nypl.org/pio/docview/1297849364/citation/6B70D633F50C4EA0PQ/78?accountid=35635. Works Cited pages can be longer than one page. Use as many pages as necessary. Copyright © 2000 - 2017 by Citation Machine™, a Chegg Service. Citation Machine™ uses the 7th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of cover, Chicago (8th ed.
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Advantages and disadvantages of the civil war Essay. In 1861, when the define Civil War broke out, the social syntax thesis Confederacy and the Union both had numerous advantages and disadvantages and there were multiple women and slaves that contributed to the war. To begin with, the Confederacy had its significant advantages that helped it push through the define a case study war, one of which was its strong leaders. Many believed “Stonewall” Jackson and Robert E. Lee were some of the best officers even before the war. Also, they had the advantage of fighting on on planning process, their own soil. They knew the terrain better that of their counterparts. Define A Case! A psychological aspect could be that fighting for their land, for their families, could have been the driving force or motivation.
Moreover, they have longer coast lines which increased the travel time and decreased the chances of blockade or capturing of ports and major cities. On the other hand, the Confederacy did have several disadvantages as well. First, they were not recognized by Europe at all which limited their foreign aid. The Confederacy also had minimal factory production and industry. At the beginning of the good essay words war, the Confederacy had only one-ninth the industrial capacity of the Union. But that statistic was misleading. In 1860, the North manufactured 97 percent of the country#8217;s firearms, 96 percent of its railroad locomotives, 94 percent of its cloth, 93 percent of its pig iron, and over 90 percent of its boots and shoes. There was not even one rifleworks in define the entire South. The railroad system that the Union had was far more sophisticated than that of the Confederacy, having over ten thousand more miles of railroad tracks that were, in letter for resumes itself, more modern. Due to the large amounts of manufacturing businesses and the railroad system to a case study, move the products, the Union, unlike the Confederacy, could produce and ship weapons, clothing, and buy research food at a much more efficient rate than their counterparts.
Also, because they were a newly founded #8220;sovereign state#8221;, the Confederacy did not have a professional, organized standing army and navy. The army and navy of the Federal United States were already organized and ready for war. Since, The Union had a naval advantage and the confederacy had Long Coastlines that were hard to defend,the union could block the Confederate#8217;s ports for supplies. Furthermore, the economy of the Confederacy was destroyed by the Union. Second, the Union also had its many advantages as well as some disadvantages. One of the North’s significant advantages in fighting the war was that the industrial, urbanized Northern states held a significant edge in the population and manpower. The North had over twenty-two million people whereas the define South had just over nine million (three and a half million of letter whom were blacks). Additionally, the Union had already an more experienced government since it was around for a case study some years, when on the contrary, the Confederate government was fresh and new. Also, as mentioned before the Union was far more industrialized with its vast networks of factories, railroads, and ships which exceed any amount of industrialization in the south.
This aspect gave the Union of to write about in college being able to transport supplies and equipment faster and finance the war much better than the Confederacy. Finally, as it was also mentioned previously, the Union did have a large navy that allowed them to define study, block major southern ports. During the odysseus traits horrible four years of the Civil War, women who did not own property, did not have the right to vote, or did not have many civil liberties came together in support of the define war efforts. Women were so eager to help that they hid their identity by dressing as men, taking up masculine names, and took up arms of their own. They cared for sick and dying soldiers, risked their lives to process, gather information as spies, cooked, cleaned and care for children. The tenacity and love with which these women served their country was astounding, and a case study yet often overlooked.
About 3,000 women served as Union army nurses. Dorthea Dix was one women who was acknowledged for being the Nation’s first superintendent of in college essays women nurses. Define A Case! Clara Barton was recognized for being the first women to work in the U.S. In College! Patent Office and was given the name “Angel of the a case study Battlefield.” Sally Tompkins was a Confederate army nurse commissioned as captain because she performed her hospital duties so heroically. Finally, Belle Boyd was honored for being a brave Confederate nurse and spy. After President Lincoln presented the Emancipation proclamation, which held a section for the enlistment of what about admissions essays African Americans into the Union Army, African American men rushed to enlist.
This time they were accepted into all-black units. The first of these was the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Colored Regiment, led by white officer Robert Gould Shaw. Their heroism in define a case study combat put to rest worries over the willingness of black soldiers to fight. Soon other regiments were being formed, and in May 1863 the War Department established the odysseus essay Bureau of Colored Troops. Define A Case Study! Black recruiters, many of them abolitionists such as Frederick Douglass, Henry Highland Garnet, and in college admissions essays Mary Ann Shadd Cary, brought in define a case study troops from throughout the North. Douglass proclaimed, #8220;I urge you to syntax thesis, fly to arms and smite with death the power that would bury the define government and your liberty in the same hopeless grave.#8221; Others, such as Harriet Tubman, recruited in the South. On March 6, 1863, the Secretary of War was informed that #8220;seven hundred and fifty blacks who were waiting for an opportunity to join the Union Army had been rescued from slavery under the leadership of Harriet Ross Tubman#8230;.#8221; By the end of the war more than 186,000 black soldiers had joined the Union army; 93,000 from the Confederate states, 40,000 from the what border slave states, and define a case study 53,000 from the free states. They participated in about 500 Civil War battles and skirmishes. Although they were treated unequally they continued to volunteer. For example, white privates in the Union army were paid $13 monthly with and extra $3.50 clothes allowance, while black privates in cover the Union were only paid $10 monthly WITHOUT an extra clothes allowance. It wasn’t until 1864 that Congress equalized the pay for the black and define a case study white soldiers.
Also, the mortality rate of social syntax blacks were higher than that of whites due to the fact that they were assigned to labor duty in the germ-ridden garrisons where they were likely to ctach typhoid, pneumonia, malaria, or other diseases. University/College: University of define California. How To! Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 21 April 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Advantages and disadvantages of the civil war. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.
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Essay on Religion: Meaning, Nature , Role and other details (5931 Words) Here is your essay on religion, it’s meaning, nature, role and other details! Religion is an almost universal institution in human society. It is found in all societies, past and present. All the define preliterate societies known to us have religion. Religion goes back to the beginning of the culture itself. It is a very ancient institution. There is no primitive society without religion. Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9d/Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg/1280px-Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg. Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of how to papers, men.
While most people consider religion as universal and therefore, a significant institution of societies. It is the foundation on which the normative structure of a case study, society stands. It is the how to buy research papers social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. It has influenced other institutions. It has been exerting tremendous influence upon political and study, economic aspects of syntax thesis, life. It is said that man from the earliest times has been incurably religious. Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Semitic religions), Hinduism and Buddhism; Confucianism, Taoism and Shinto (Chinese-Japanese religions) etc. are examples of the great religions of the define a case study world.
Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings. It is the human response to those elements in thesis, the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. Religion is pre-eminently social and is found in a case study, nearly all societies. Majumdar and Madan explain that the word religion has its origin in the Latin word Rel (I) igio. This is derived from two root words. The first root is Leg, meaning “together, count or observe”. Cover! The second root is Lig, meaning ‘to bind’. The first root refers to belief in and practice of “signs of Divine Communication”.
The second root refers to the carrying out those activities which link human beings with the supernatural powers. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and a case, practices which are generally the main characteristics of social, all religions. Central to all religions is the concept of faith. Religion in this sense is the organisation of faith which binds human beings to their temporal and define a case study, transcendental foundation. By faith man is distinguished from other beings. It is essentially a subjective and private matter. Faith is something which binds us together and is therefore, more important than reason. Pfleiderer defined religion as “that reference men’s life to a word governing power which seeks to grow into a living union with it.” According to good essay words, James G. Frazer considered religion as a belief in “Powers superior to man which are believed to direct and control the course of nature and of human life”.
As Christopher Dauson writes, “Whenever and wherever man has a sense of dependence on external powers which are conceived as mysterious and higher than man’s own, there is religion, and the feelings of awe and self-abasement with which man is filled in the presence of such powers is essentially a religious emotion, the root of worship and prayer.” Arnold W. Define! Green defines religion as “a system of beliefs and symbolic practices and objects, governed by faith rather than by knowledge, which relates man to an unseen supernatural realm beyond the known and beyond the what about in college controllable.” According to Maclver and Page, “Religion, as we understand the term, implies a relationship not merely between man and man but also between man and some higher power.” As Gillin and Gillin says, “The social field of religion may be regarded as including those emotionalized beliefs prevalent in a social group concurring the a case study supernatural plus crest and behaviour, material objects and symbols associated with such beliefs.” Thus, there are numerous definitions of religion given thinkers according to their own conceptions. Thesis! As a matter of a case, fact the forms in which religion expresses itself vary so much that it is difficult to agree upon a definition. On Planning Process! Some maintain that religion includes a belief in supernatural or mysterious powers and that it expresses itself in overt activities designed to deal with those powers.
Others regard religion as something very earthly and materialistic, designed to achieve practical ends. Sumner and define, Keller asserted that, “Religion in history, from the earliest to very recent days, has not been a matter of morality at all but of rites, rituals, observance and ceremony”. Religion, in fact, is not a mere process of mediations about man’s life; it is also a means of preserving the values of life. While it is possible to define religion as belief in what essays, God or some super-natural powers, it is define study well to thesis on planning, remember that there can also be a Godless religion as Buddhism. In sociology, the word religion is define study used in a wider sense than that used in religious books. A common characteristic found among all religions is that they represent a complex of emotional feelings and attitudes towards mysterious and perplexities of life. According to Radin it consists of two parts: (a) Physiological and (b) psychological. The physiological part expresses itself in such acts as kneeling, closing the eyes, touching the feet. The psychological part consists of supernormal sensitivity to certain traditions and beliefs.
While belief in supernatural powers may be considered basic to all religion, equally fundamental is the presence of a deeply emotional feeling which Golden Weiber called the “religion thrill”. If we analyse the great religions of the world, we shall find that each of them contains, five basic elements: (1) belief in supernatural powers, (2) belief in the holy, (3) ritual, (4) acts defined as sinful and (5) some method of salvation. The first basic element of essay, religion is the belief that there are supernatural powers. These powers are believed to influence human life and control all natural phenomena. Some call these supernatural forces God, other call them Gods. There are even others who do not call them by any name. They simply consider them as forces in their universe. Thus, belief in the non-sensory, super-empirical world is the first element of religion. There are certain holy or sacred elements of religion. Define Study! These constitute the heart of the religion. There are certain things which are regarded as holy or sacred.
But a thing is holy or sacred not because of a peculiar quality of thing. An attitude makes a thing holy. The sacred character of a tangible thing is essay not observable to the senses. Sacred things are symbols. They symbolize the things of the unseen, super-empirical world, they symbolize certain sacred but tangible realities. When a Hindu worships a cow, he worships it not because of the kind of animal the cow is, but because of a host of super-empirical characteristics which this animal is imagined to represent. Religious ritual is “the active side of religion. Define A Case Study! It is behaviour with reference to super empirical entities and sacred- objects”.
It includes any kind of behavior (such as the wearing of special clothing and the immersion in certain rivers, in the Ganga for instance), prayers, hymns, creedal recitations, and other forms of reverence, usually performed with other people and in public. It can include singing, dancing, weeping, crawling, starving, feasting, etc. Failure to perform these acts is considered a sin. Each religion defines certain acts as sinful and profane (unholy). They are certain moral principles which are explained to have a supernatural origin. How To Buy Research! It is believed that the powers of the other world cherish these principles. The violation of these principles creates man’s sense of define a case study, guilty. It may also bring upon him the disfavour of the supernatural powers. If the behaviour is not in social, accordance with the religions code, the define study behaviour or act is considered as sinful. A method of salvation is the fifth basic element of on planning, religion.
Man needs some method by which he can regain harmony with the Gods through removal of guilt. In Hindu religion Moksha or Salvation represents the end of life, the realisation of an inner spirituality in man. The Hindu seeks release from the bondage of Karma, which is the joy or suffering he undergoes as a result of his actions in his life. Define! The ultimate end of life is to attain Moksha. The Buddhist hopes to attain Salvation by being absorbed in the Godhead and entering Nirvana. The Christian has a redeemer in Christ who gave his life for good essay words, man’s sins. In short, religion is the institutionalised set of beliefs men hold about a case study, supernatural forces. It is more or less coherent system of beliefs and practices concerning a supernatural order of beings, forces, places or other entities. Religion is interwoven with all aspects of human life: with kinship systems, economic and political institutions.
Prior to the advent of what may be called as “the age of reason”, religion has been the chief supporter of the spiritual and moral values of life. It has shaped domestic, economic and political institutions. Hence, it is obvious that religion performs a number of cover letter, functions both for the religious group and for the wider society. These functions of religion are discussed bellow. 1. Religion Helps in the Struggle for Societal Survival: Religion may be said to help in the struggle for societal survival. Rushton Coulborn has shown that religion played a crucial role in the formation and early development of seven primary civilisations: Egyptian Mesopotamian, Indian, Cretan, Chinese, Middle American and Andean. Religion in each of these societies gave its members the a case courage needed for papers, survival in an unfavourable environment, by giving explanations to certain aspects of the human conditions which could not be explained in a rational manner. In present societies religion also performs this role. By relating the empirical world to the super-empirical world religion gives the individual a sense of security in this rapidly changing world.
This sense of security of the individual has significance for define a case study, the society. Since religion helps man to forget the suffering, disappointments and thesis, sorrows in this life’, social dissatisfaction and social unrest become less frequent and the social system continues functioning. 2. Religion Promotes Social Integration: Religion acts as a unifying force and hence, promotes social integration in several ways. Religion plays an important part in crystallising, symbolising and reinforcing common values and norms.
It thus provides support for social standards, socially accepted behaviour. Common faith, values and norms etc. are significant in unifying people. As the individuals perform rituals collectively their devotion to group ends is enhanced. Through a ritual individual expresses common beliefs and define a case, sentiments. It thus helps him to identify himself more with his fellows, and to distinguish himself more from members of other groups, communities or nations. By distinguishing between holy and unholy things, religion creates sacred symbol for the values and this symbol becomes the rallying point for all persons who share the same values. The cow as a sacred symbol of the Hindus, for papers, example, is a rallying point which gives cohesion to Hindu society. Religion performs its function of integration through social control.
It regulates the conduct of individuals by enforcing moral principles on define a case them and by prescribing powerful sanctions against them for violation. 3. Religion helps to good connecting, knit the Social Values of a Society into a Cohesive Whole: It is the ultimate source of social cohesion. The primary requirement of society is the common possession of social values by define a case study which individuals control the actions of self and others and through which society is perpetuated. These social values emanate from religious faith. Religion is the foundation upon which these values rest. Children should obey their parents, should not tell a lie or cheat, women should be faithful to men; people should be honest and virtuous are some of the social values which maintain social cohesion. It is traits religion that asks man to renounce unsocial activities and requires him to accept limitations upon define a case study, his wants and desires. All the religions have preached love and non-violence. They have emphasized sacrifice and forbearance. 4. Religions Acts as an Agent of Social Control:
It is one of the means of informal means of social control. Religion not only defines moral expectations for how to, members of the religious group but usually enforces them. It supports certain types of define a case study, social conduct by placing the powerful sanctions of the supernatural behind them. It makes certain forms of social behaviour as offences not only against society but also against God. Hence, any violation of the acceptable norm is punishable not only by God but by society. Hinduism gives sanction to the caste system which regulates social relations of various classes in India. 5. Religion Promotes Social Welfare: Religion encourages people to render services to the needy and poor and promote their welfare. It develops philanthropic attitude of people. Help and assistance are rendered to poor and destitute persons due to religion inspiration. It is admissions essays believed that one can obtain the cherished goal of religion by study way of giving alms and assistance to the helpless and needy persons.
In this way religion promotes the letter for resumes welfare of a case, individuals, groups and community. The priesthood often was dedicated to art and culture. The priests laid the foundations of medicine. Magic supplied the roots of good essay words, observation and experimentation from which science developed. It also inculcated the habit of charity among the people who opened many charitable institutions like hospitals, rest houses, temples to help the needy and the poor. 7. It Rationalizes and Makes bearable Individual Suffering in study, the known World: Religion serves to social thesis, soothe the define man in times of his suffering and disappointment.
In this world man often suffers disappointment even in the midst of essay, all hopes and achievements. The things for which he strives are in some measure always denied to him. When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to console and compensate him. When a son dies man seeks to assuage his grief in ritualistic exchanges of condolence. On God he puts faith and entertains the belief that some unseen power moves in mysterious ways to make even his loss meaningful. Faith in God compensates him and sustains his interest in life and define study, makes it bearable. In this way religion helps man to bear his frustrations and encourages him to accept his lot on earth. 8. Religion Enhances Self-importance:
It expands one’s self to infinite proportions. Man unites himself with the infinite and feels ennobled. Through unity with the how to infinite the self is made majestic and triumphant. Man considers himself the noblest work of God with whom he shall be united and his self thus becomes grand and luminous. Besides this, religion shapes domestic, economic and political institutions. Religion supports institutional pattern more explicitly. All the great religions of the world have attempted to define a case, regulate kinship relations, especially marriage and family. Political institutions are often sanctioned by religion: the emperor of China or Japan was sacred; the ruling caste of India was sanctioned by Brahmanism; the kings of France were supposed to rule by divine right. Religious rites are performed on syntax thesis many occasions in a case study, relation to vital events and dominant interests: birth, initiation, marriage, sickness, death, hunting, animal husbandry and so on; and how to papers, they are intimately concerned with family and a case study, kinship interests and with political institutions. Religion is the central element in the life of civilisation. Religion has also performed some other services to humanity among which Sumner and Keller included the provision of good essay, work, the spread of education, the accumulation of capital and the creation of a leisure class.
For thousands of years, religion has exerted a great influence over economic and political life. Even today religion is called upon to support rulers, contacts and other legal procedures. In addition to study, positive functions of papers, religion, there are some negative aspects of its social functions. Although religion is an integrative force, it may be disruptive for the society as a whole. Sumner and Keller, Benjamin Kidd, Karl Marx, Thomas F. O’ Dea and others have pointed the dysfunctions of religion. The dysfunctions of religion are as follows. 1. A Case! Religion Inhibits Protests and Hinders Social Changes: According to cover letter for resumes, Thomas F. Define A Case Study! O’ Dea, religion inhibits protests and impedes social changes which may even prove to be beneficial to the welfare of the society. All protests and conflicts are not always negative.
Protests and conflicts often become necessary for bringing out changes. Some changes would certainly lead to positive reforms. By inhibiting protests and how to papers, preventing changes religion may postpone reforms. 2. Study! Hampers the Adaptation of thesis, Society to Changed Conditions: Social values and norms emanate from a case study, religious faith. Some of the norms which lose their appropriateness under changed conditions may also be imposed by religion. This can “impede a more functionally appropriate adaptation of society to changing conditions.” For example, during the medieval Europe, the cover letter Church refused to define, grant the ethical legitimacy of money lending at interest, despite the great functional need of syntax thesis, this activity in a situation of developing capitalism”. Even today, traditional Muslims face religio-ethical problems concerning interest-taking. Similar social conflict is evident in a case, the case of birth control measures including abortion, in the Catholic world. 3. Religion may Foster Dependence and Irresponsibility:
Religion often makes its followers dependent on religious institutions and leaders. But it does not develop an ability in them to to write in college, assume individual responsibility. For example, a good number of people in India prefer to take the define study advises of social thesis, priests and religious leaders before starting some ventures. But they do not take the suggestion of those who are competent in a case, the field. In its course of development religion has supported and promoted evil practices such as cannibalism, slavery, untouchability, human and animal sacrifice etc. As religion interprets misfortune and suffering in this world as manifestations of the supernatural order itself, it sanctifies the syntax existing social structure.
Religion preaches submission to the existing socio-economic condition and to fate. It is a case this control function of religion that caused Marx to on planning, call religion as “the sigh of the oppressed creature, the define sentiment of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the traits opiate of the people.” By sanctifying norms and legitimizing social institutions, religion serves as a guardian of the status quo. Religion is the source of many superstitions. These superstitions have caused harm to human being. Superstitions like evil spirits and ghosts cause diseases; poverty is the desire of the God etc. hinder the welfare of human beings. Religion results in inter-group conflicts by dividing people along religious lines.
It is define a case deeply related with conflicts. Wars and battles have been fought in syntax, the name of define a case, religion. Sumner and Keller are of the opinion that religion often causes economic wastes. For example, investing huge sums of money on building temples, churches, mosques, etc., spending much on religious fairs, festivals and ceremonies, spoiling huge quantity of food articles, material things etc., in cover letter for resumes, the name offerings. It leads to waste of human labour, energy and time. Religion creates diversities among people. It creates a gap among them. In the name of God and religion, loot, plundering, mass killing, rape and other cruel and inhuman treatments have been meted out to people. Religion has made people blind, dumb and a case, deaf to the reality. They have faith without reasoning which is blind.
On the contrary, it has often made people to become bigots and fanatics. Bigotry and fanaticism have led to persecution, inhuman treatment and misery in the past. Religion preserves traditions. It preaches submission to the existing conditions and maintenance of status quo. Religion is not readily amenable to social change and progress. 12. Religion Retards Scientific Achievement: Religion has tried to social thesis, prevent the scientists from discovering new facts. Study! For example, it tried to suppress the doctrines of Darwin, Huxley and others. By placing high premium on cover letter for resumes divine power religion has made people fatalistic.
They think that all events in life is define a case study due to some divine power and hence due to fate. As a result, his power and potentiality is undermined. Letter! Thus, religion affects the creativity of man. Marx has strongly criticised religion. For Marx all that was fundamental in define, the science of society proceeded from the material and especially the economic sphere.
For him therefore religion is, to be sure, superstition, but to stop at this point is to limit religion to merely abstract belief. It leaves the cover letter for resumes impression that religion may be dislodged simply by define study new, rational belief. Marx’s sense of the matter is more profound. Merely changing beliefs is not enough. The transformation of an how to buy research, entire social order is required, for belief is deeply rooted in the social relations of men. Religion, writes Marx, “is the ‘self-consciousness and define a case, self-feeling of man who either has not yet found himself or has already lost himself. But man is no abstract being, squatting outside the world.
Man is the world of man, the state, and good words, society. This state, this society produce religion, a perverted world consciousness, because they are a perverted world. Religion is the compendium of that world, its encyclopedic, its enthusiasm, its moral sanction, its solemn completion, its universal ground for consolation and justification. It is the fantastic realization of the human essence because the human essence has no true reality. Marx believed, like Luduig Feuerbach, that what man gives to God in the form of worship, he takes from himself. That is, man is persuaded through suffering or through false teaching to project what is his to a supernatural being. But he was convinced, unlike Feuerbach, that what is fundamental is not religious forms – against which Feuerbach had urged revolt-but the economic forms of existence.
The abolition of religion as the “illusory happiness” of the people is required for their real happiness, declared Marx. But before religion can be abolished the conditions which nurture it must be done away with. “The demand to give up the illusions about its condition is the demand to give up a condition which needs illusion”. Marx’s criticism of religion is thus deeply connected with the criticism of right and the criticism of politics. As Marx put it… “The criticism of a case study, heaven transforms itself into syntax, the criticism of earth, the criticism of religion into the criticism of law and the criticism of a case, theology into the criticism of politics”. Marx was an atheist as well as a great humanist. He had profound sympathy for all who look up to religion for salvation.
This is amply clear from his following observation: “The criticism of religion ends with the teaching that man is the thesis highest essence of man, hence with the categorical imperative to overthrow all relations in which man is debased, enslaved abandoned…” Change is the very essence of a living thing. A living religion must grow, must advance and must change. No form of religion is static. In some cases the change may be slow and minor, in others relatively rapid and major. Every religion claims its first principle supreme, original and eternal. Hence, there is also an element of censure for change. Broadly, there are three types of changes in religion: (i) from simple to complex, (ii) from complex to simple and (iii) mixing forms. Contact with complex form of religion adds many new elements in the simple form of tribal religion. For example, with the gradual spread of Vaishnavism in chhotanagpur, the Oraons tribe which lives in that region, began to define study, reorganise traditional faith. There are also examples of simplification of complex form of religion, specially of rituals and ceremonies.
Buddhism for instance, came as a revolt against the Vedic ritual which was both complex and expensive, and odysseus, also beyond the a case study common man’s reach. In the 19 century, Brahmo Samaj again tried to on planning, simplify the complex nature of Brahmanic Hinduism. Mixing of more than one form has caused development of new religious organisation. The most excellent example is of Sophism. It has evolved from Persian, Zoroastrianism and define a case, Arab Islamism. Letter! Sikhism, Kabirpantha and many other Santa-Sampradayas of their kind are Sanatan Hinduism, modified by Buddhism and Suphism. The history of the development of define a case study, religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated village towards large, complex, urban, industrialised society the character of influence of religion on man and his life changes.
In the earlier phases of religion the essay connecting words primary needs of mankind, those concerned with the necessities of define a case, life, played a dominant part. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by in college rational scientific explanations and various group activities (such as politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastical to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as a power over man and his society loses its importance. This movement is sometimes referred to define, as secularisation. Thus secularisation as Bryan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. In Europe, secularisation is held to be the for resumes outcome of the social changes brought about by urban, industrial society. It means that religious beliefs and study, practices have tended to essay connecting, decline in modern urban, industrial societies, particularly among the define a case working class in Western societies. Religion in Western societies has tended to place less emphasis on dogma and more on social social values. It has tried to define a case, reconcile its doctrine with scientific knowledge.
As Barnes has pointed out religion adapted to our changed conditions of life is worth preserving and it must seek to organise. The masses and guide their activities for the benefit of the society rather than for the purpose of pleasing the God. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from simple repudiation of religion and the rise of rationalism. How To Buy Research Papers! However, the study process of on planning process, secularisation has affected the domination of religious institutions and symbols. The process of secularisation was started in India during the British rule. But the process of secularisation took its course unlike Western Europe renaissance and reformation in the fifteenth and sixteenth century. The process was very slow. However, this worldly outlook, rationality and secular education gradually affected various aspects of religion in India. Various laws of define, social reformation, modern education, transport and on planning process, communication contributed towards decline in religiosity among the Hindus. No doubt we are moving from religiosity to secular way of life. But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in our society.
First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and North America. Second, the vitality of Zionism, militant Islam (Islamic fundamentalism), radical Catholicism in define study, Latin America and odysseus, Sikhism, fundamentalism and communalism in define a case study, India suggest that no necessary connection exists between modernisation and secularisation. All these criticisms are formidable indeed. But it should be noted that the diversity of religious sects and cults in modern societies demonstrates that religion has become an individual matter and not a dominant feature of social life. It can also be argued that, while religion may play a part in ideological struggles against colonialism (as in Iran), in the long run modernisation of society brings about secularisation. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated villages towards large, complex, urban, industrial society; the influence of religion on man and his life changes. In the thesis on planning earlier phases of define a case, religion the primary needs of mankind were very much influenced by it. To Write! As man’s knowledge of a case study, natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions.
As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastic to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as power over man and his society loses its importance. This movement is sometimes referred to on planning, as secularization. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the dialectic of modern science and study, Protestantism, not from a simple repudiation of religion and the rise of rationalism. ‘Secularisation’, in the words of Peter Berger, refers to odysseus, ‘the process by which sectors of define a case, society and culture are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols. Brayan Wilson argues that the following factors encouraged the development of rational thinking and a rational world view. Firstly, ascetic Protestantism, which created an ethic which was pragmatic, rational controlled and anti-emotional. Secondly, the rational organizations, firms, public service, educational institution, Government, the State which impose rational behaviour upon them. Thirdly, the greater knowledge of social and physical world which results from the odysseus development of physical, biological and social sciences. Study! He says that this knowledge is based on reason rather than faith. He claims that science not only explained many facts of good connecting, life and the material environment in a way more satisfactory (than religion), but it also provided confirmation of its explanation in define, practical results. The term ‘secularisation’ has been used in different ways.
Some have misunderstood, misconceived and misinterpreted the meaning of the social thesis concept. Others have included discrete and define a case study, separate elements loosely, put them together that create confusion. The range of meaning attached to the term has become so wide, that David Martin advocates its removal from the sociological vocabulary. There are two meanings of the word current in modern and modernizing India and even in social syntax, the whole of define, this subcontinent. One of the two meanings is found by consulting any standard dictionary. But there is the difficulty in finding the other, for it is non-standard, local meaning which, many like to believe, is typically and distinctively Indian or South Asian. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of secular trends in history or economics, or when they speak of secularizing the State. The word secular has been used in this sense, at least in the English-speaking West, for more than three hundred years. This secularism chalks out an area in public life where religion is not admitted. How To Buy Research! One can have religion in one’s private life.
One can be a good Hindu or a good Muslim within one’s home or at one’s place of worship. But when one enters public life, one is expected to leave one’s faith behind. In contrast, the non-Western meaning of secularism revolves round equal respect for all religions. In the a case study Indian context the word has very different meaning from its standard use in the English language. It is syntax held that India is not Europe and hence secularism in India cannot mean the same thing as it does in define, Europe. What does it matter if secularism means something else in Europe and American political discourse?
As long as there are clear and commonly agreed referents for the world in the Indian context, we should go ahead and address ourselves to the specifically Indian meaning of secularism. Unfortunately the matter cannot be settled that easily. The Indian meaning of secularism did not emerge in process, ignorance of the European or American meanings of the word. Indian meaning of define a case study, secularism is debated in its Western genealogies. New meaning is acquired by traits the word secularism in India. The original concept is named by the English words, Secular and secularism in a case, the Indian languages, by neologisms such as ‘Dharma-nirapekshata. This is translation of traits essay, those English words and dharma-nirapekshata is used to refer to the range of meanings indicated by the English term.
The term dharma-nirapekshata cannot be a substitute of secular or secularism which is standardly used in talking about the role of religion in a modern State or society. Define Study! Dharma-nirapekshata is the outcome of vested interests inherent in our political system. Dharma-nirapekshata is understood in terms of practice of any religion by any citizen. Besides, the State is not to give preference to any religion over another. Cover Letter! But this term is irrelevant in a case study, a democratic structure and it bears no application in reality because three principles are mentioned in the liberal-doctrine (Liberty which requires that the State, permits the practice of for resumes, any religion, equality which requires that State not to give preference to any religion and the principle of define a case, neutrality). Indian secularism has been inadequately defined ‘attitude’ of goodwill towards all religions, ‘Sarvadharma Sadbhava’. In a narrower formulation it has been a negative or a defensive policy of religious neutrality on the part of the State. Hence, the original concept will not admit the Indian case with its range of references.
Well-established and what essays, well-defined concept of secularism cannot be explained differently in terms of Western or Indian model. To Herberg, ‘authentic religion’ means an emphasis on the supernatural, a deep inner conviction of the reality of supernatural power, a serious commitment to religious teaching, a strong element of the theological doctrine and a refusal to compromise religious beliefs and values with those of the wider society. If there is any trend of decline in any aspect of religion mentioned above, then it is indicative of the process of secularisation. Thus secularization, as Brayan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. Religion in America is subordinated to a case, the American way of life. It means that religious belief and practices have tended to decline.
Secularism is taken to thesis, mean that one’s religious ideals and beliefs should not interfere in general with social, economic and political field. Paying equal importance or constitutional guarantee for coexistence of religions does not mean secularism. There are other aspects of secularism. A Case! Secularism is related to rationalism and empiricism. Secularisation involves reduction of religious influence on men, elimination of some aspects of it which are not beneficial to human welfare, elimination of superstitions and blind beliefs. In this manner, the process of secularisation implies the following assumptions. The process of secularisation implies the transformation of religious institutions as a whole. There is the syntax need to secularise the religious institutions. This means less emphasis on supernatural power, lack of theological doctrine, and desirability to compromise with religious beliefs and a case, values. The religious institutions undergo a process of change in the context of changing society.
In a modern society sacred has little or no place, that a society undergoes a process of ‘desacrilisation’ . Social Syntax Thesis! This means that supernatural forces are no longer seen as controlling the world. Action is a case not directed by religious beliefs. People in a modern society increasingly look upon the world and their own lives without the benefit of religious interpretation. As a result there is a ‘secularisation of consciousness’. Berger argues that the ‘decisive variable for secularisation is the process of rationalisation’.
That is the pre-requisite for any industrial society of the modern type. Secularisation also implies rationality. Wilson argues that a rational world view is the energy of good connecting words, religion. It is based on testing of arguments and beliefs by rational procedure, on asserting truth by means of factors which can be quantified and define, objectively measured. Religion is based on faith.
Its claim to truth cannot be tested by rational procedures. A rational world view rejects faith which is the basis of religion. It removes the mystery, magic and authority of odysseus traits, religion. A secular man lays more emphasis on physical laws rather than supernatural forces. The process of secularisation as the a case study most important component of the process of modernisation is odysseus essay occurring in different forms in a case study, various contemporary societies. Like modernisation, this process is good and papers, desirable for the welfare of mankind. Finally, it is a case study both a product and a process.
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