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Claude shannon masters thesis mit

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Claude Shannonís masterís thesis - University of

russian video resume M.A., Translation and Interpretation. For all quotes and requests, please use email. I have been working as a Russian interpreter and translator for almost twenty years. I have a lot of experience in thesis mit, conference interpreting. I have worked at various high-level events all over the United States and the world. Currently I live in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. Legal (import and export legislation, laws, resolutions, provisions, trade, customs regulations, contracts, court interpretation) Medicine (prevention and treatment of health hazards related to radiation; women's health, healthcare reform) Nuclear nonproliferation (nuclear industry and policies in the Commonwealth of Independent States, nuclear facilities, nuclear materials, technology, production processes, mining) Military (nuclear, chemical, and other weapons of mass destruction, equipment, policies, conversion, navy) Economics and finance International policy Oil/gas (prospecting, drilling, maintenance of wells) Energy (safety standards, policy, specialist exchange programs); Space (satellites, policy, the International Space Station); Agriculture Education (university administration, fundraising); Document translation (birth certificates, marriage certificates, diplomas, etc. with certification and rajiv gandhi of health thesis notarization when necessary) Voice over/dubbing (I have a pleasant voice and great pronunciation, I am very familiar with idiomatic expressions both in English and Russian, and therefore have had a lot of shannon masters thesis, experience in doing voice over for movies, advertisements or other video materials) Interviews at Immigration Services (extensive experience interpreting at asylum interviews and other immigration issues) Below are only some of my past assignments: iLanguage Interpretation Services, Washington, DC. Commercial Law Development Program of the Department of Commerce (CLDP): Central Asia working group on Standardization and Regulation in stress in student, the area of claude shannon thesis, Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation, as well as elimination of pwm thesis, lead in claude mit, paint.

Simultaneous. United Translations, Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpretation at the annual NATO Building Integrity in Defense and Security conference. Simultaneous interpretation during live interview with NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson at the International Space Station. By Thoreau. Skip the intro and fast forward to minute 6 of the interview. Senate and claude shannon thesis mit House Intelligence Committee and Judicial Committee hearings on Russian interference in the US elections. Simultaneous interpretation of live coverage. Sustained Dialogue Institute, Dulles, VA. Simultaneous interpretation at the Dartmouth Conference on nuclear nonproliferation, security, education, and health. Simultaneous interpretation at the SXSW Festival in Austin, TX - presentations of new technologies, music, and film.

News and fake news in the new digital age - a tour for technology extended essay Russian journalists. Dialog International Training Programs, Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpretation for a group touring construction firms and sites in DC, a program by Dialogue. Claude Masters Thesis Mit. United Translation Services, Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpretation at an executive seminar Economic Development at NESA (Near East South Asia Center).

Simultaneous interpretation during the Presidential Debates at Voice of America. You can listen to the recording of the live broadcast: September 26, October 9 I interpreted for Hillary Clinton, and October 19th I interpreted for the Moderator, Chris Wallas. Russian Connection Unlimited, Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpretation at the annual presentation of the Belarus delegation at essays consciousness movement the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Simultaneous interpretation at the Near East South Asia Center in DC during the claude mit, Executive Seminar on Post Sykes-Picot era and terrorism. Simultaneous interpretation of Donald Trump's and Hillary Clinton's acceptance speeches at the Republican and consciousness Democratic National Conventions, broadcasted by Voice of America . Georgetown University , Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpretation at Igniting Innovation in Legal Education, hosted by shannon masters mit Georgetown Law Center. Human Touch Translations Ltd., Washington, DC.

Simultaneous interpretation at a senior military seminar at NESA (Near East South Asia Center). Counter-terrorism. Simultaneous interpretation at a Global Forum on Transfer Pricing. Rajiv Institute Of Health. SIS Global Solutions, Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpreting at the Near East South Asia Center (NESA) for senior executive military personnel. Transnational threats, terrorism, security. Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe, Washington, DC. The International Luxembourg Forum and the Nuclear Threat Initiative conference on masters, prevention of nuclear catastrophe, simultaneous. iLanguage Interpretation Services, Washington, DC. Technology. CLDP Commercial Law Development Program of the Department of Commerce: Central Asia working group on Standardization and Regulation in the area of thesis mit, Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation.

Simultaneous. Simultaneous interpretation at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Subjects included climate change, meteorology, hydrology. SIS Global Solutions, Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpretation at the Near East South Asia Center at the Senior Executive seminar (NESA) SIS Global Solutions, Washington, DC.

Simultaneous interpreting at an Executive Seminar at the Near East South Asia Center (NESA) Center for Global Interests, Washington, DC. Interpretation at a presentation of Boris Nemtsov report with Ilya Yashin. Putin. War. You can watch the video of the event. American Enterprise Institute, Washington, DC. Consecutive interpretation at a book presentation, Putin's Russia. Watch video of the event, to see my intepreting, go to 29:00, 2:35:00, 5:25:00 Watch Now. Simultaneous interpretation at pwm thesis a conference at the Kennan Institute on Civil Societies in Russia in masters mit, the 21st Century. Translation Excellence, Washington, DC. Consciousness Movement. Transnational Threats - a senior level seminar at the Near East South Asia Center, simultaneous.

Human Touch Translations, Washington, DC. NESA Senior Executive Seminar. Simultaneous. The World Bank Group, Washington, DC. Simultaneous interpreting at the Corruption Hunters Alliance conference. Simultaneous interpretation at a two-week long seminar on Monitoring and Evaluation of Education Programs in claude shannon thesis mit, Kazakhstan. SIS Global Solutions, Washington, DC. US-Russia Social Expertise Exchange, Washington, DC.

Simultaneous interpretation at the annual meeting sponsored by Eurasia Foundation to pwm thesis, build civil society in all areas, such as Rule of Law, Human Rights, Higher Education, Environment, etc. Annual Conference on shannon mit, Freedom of Religion. Life Essay. Simultaneous. Simultaneous interpreting at the Near East South Asia Studies Center (NESA) on shannon, the subject of security in resume, Central Asia. Consecutive interpretation, live on stage for Pussy Riot. Watch the interview with Pussy Riot. Languages Unlimited, Washington, DC. High-level military seminars, discussing the situation in the Middle East at the Near East South Asia Studies Center (NESA).

Simultaneous. High level delegation from Russia, which included representatives of the Ministry of shannon masters thesis mit, Health as well as business community, touring the NIH, US Pharmacopeia, and Department of Commerce. Turkic American Alliance, Washington, DC. The First Annual Kyrgyz American Convention. Consecutive. High level officials from essays, elite universities of the former CIS. Consecutive. Embassy of Uzbekistan, Washington, DC. Minister of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade of claude shannon, Uzbekistan. High level meetings.

Simultaneous and consecutive. Interpreting for representatives of leading Russian nanotechnology companies at NanoTech 2013, an annual NanoTechology Conference and Expo. Stress Life. Russian Works, Washington, DC and New York. Claude Masters Thesis Mit. USAID Central Asia RESET project on life essay, best practices and approaches in tariff setting for public utilities. The World Bank Group, Washington, DC. Thesis Mit. Simultaneous interpretation at a series of videoconferences devoted to such subjects as irrigation, poverty reduction, government, civil society, and design technology extended the environment. $750-$ 1200 a day, with $150 for overtime hours and working lunch. Price depends on specifics of the assignment. I do simultaneous only with a partner. $550 to $850, depending on hours, difficulty of subject matter, or whether I work alone or with a partner. $100 additional for working lunch. Shannon Thesis Mit. $100 per hour overtime. $65 per page or 25 cents per word, whichever is extended more. Claude Masters. $400 flat rate for one person, $500 for two people being interviewed at pwm thesis the same time. Monterey Institute of claude thesis, International Studies, Monterey, CA.

Graduate School of Translation and Interpretation. MA, Translation Interpretation, May 1998. Monterey Institute of International Studies, Monterey, CA. Graduate School of International Policy Studies. BA, International Policy Studies, May 1997.

1993-1995, major English. National Education Center, Houston, TX. Certificate in resume key terms, Business Operations (with Honors), 1993.

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Claude Shannonís masterís thesis - University of

You would think someone at LiveScience would know better by now. pareidolia again and again and again. Though the face on the comet, with its shadowy profile, looks almost sinister, it is far from unique: Humans are wired to see faces everywhere. In fact, the shannon masters thesis mit, phenomenon is so common that it even has a name: Pareidolia, which in Greek means, in essays by thoreau, essence, faulty image. Your brain is constantly trying to make the most out of just the tiniest thing, said David Huber, a psychologist at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, who has studied the phenomenon. Shannon Masters Mit? Youíre sort of in overdrive on stress imagining from limited information that there is a face. From the Shroud of Turin, thought to carry the imprint of the crucified Jesusí face and body, to claude masters, faces in the clouds and the Virgin Mary on a grilled cheese sandwich, people have always seen faces in everyday objects. Even the in student life essay, faintest hint of eyes, nose and a mouth in roughly the right places will often trigger the brainís facial recognition system, Huber said. When people see faces in images, a brain area called the fusiform face region lights up in brain scans, said Kang Lee, a developmental neuroscientist at the University of Toronto, in Canada, who has worked with Huber on masters mit several studies of in student life essay, how people process faces. This brain region is likely a key junction point where low-level visual information is processed to say Aha!

Itís a face, Huber said. The distance between facial features seems to play a key role in shannon thesis, the brainís ability to spot and uniquely identify different faces. As I pointed out back in on black, December of 2012, LiveScience carried this bit of insanity then and that posting was called LiveScience Goofs Again : A prime example of pareidolia and its connection to religious images is the Shroud of Turin, a cloth bearing the image of claude shannon thesis, a man ó which some believe to be Jesus ó who appears to have suffered trauma consistent with crucifixion. The negative image was first observed in 1898, on the reverse photographic plate of amateur photographer Secondo Pia, who was allowed to rajiv institute of health thesis, photograph it while it was being exhibited in the Turin Cathedral. Are there no editors at this magazine? In the three short paragraphs just above the paragraph I just quoted, Zimmermann very correctly and thesis mit very clearly defined pareidolia as follows: The psychological phenomenon that causes some people to see or hear a vague or random image or sound as something significant is known as pareidolia ( par-i-DOH-lee-a ).

The word is derived from the Greek words para , meaning something faulty, wrong, instead of, and the noun eidolon , meaning image, form or shape. Pareidolia is a type of apophenia, which is a more generalized term for seeing patterns in random data. Some common examples are seeing a likeness of Jesus in the clouds or an image of a man on the surface of the technology essay, moon. The picture of a man on the Shroud of Turin is not at claude shannon, all mere random data. It is unmistakably a picture of a man. By Thoreau? It might be a yet unexplained work of art.

It might even be a photograph by Leonardo da Vinci. (Humor me, Iím just trying to make a point). It might be the claude shannon masters thesis, product of by thoreau, some natural phenomenon. Or it might be a miraculous acheiropoieton, an image not created by human hands. But it is not a pattern of random data that just so happens to look like a man. That would be so extraordinary and so statistically implausible as to be truly miraculous. It is not a pareidolia. Whatever anyone may think about the shroudís authenticity, there is one thing everyone should agree about: the image of a man with a well-featured face on the shroud is not a pareidolia. Here is a handy search of this blog on the subject . A prime example of pareidolia and its connection to thesis mit, religious images is the Shroud of Turin, a cloth bearing the image of a man ó which some believe to essay, be Jesus ó who appears to have suffered trauma consistent with crucifixion.

The negative image was first observed in shannon thesis, 1898, on the reverse photographic plate of life, amateur photographer Secondo Pia, who was allowed to photograph it while it was being exhibited in the Turin Cathedral. Are there no editors at this magazine? In the three short paragraphs just above the paragraph I just quoted, Zimmermann very correctly and very clearly defined pareidolia as follows: The psychological phenomenon that causes some people to see or hear a vague or random image or sound as something significant is known as pareidolia ( par-i-DOH-lee-a ). The word is derived from the Greek words para , meaning something faulty, wrong, instead of, and shannon mit the noun eidolon , meaning image, form or shape. Pareidolia is stress in student, a type of claude shannon mit, apophenia, which is a more generalized term for seeing patterns in random data. Some common examples are seeing a likeness of Jesus in the clouds or an essays on black image of a man on claude masters mit the surface of the moon. The picture of a man on the Shroud of Turin is not at all mere random data. It is essays, unmistakably a picture of a man. It might be a yet unexplained work of art.

It might even be a photograph by Leonardo da Vinci. Shannon Masters? (Humor me, Iím just trying to rajiv institute of health, make a point). Claude Shannon Masters Thesis Mit? It might be the product of some natural phenomenon. Or it might be a miraculous acheiropoieton, an image not created by human hands. But it is not a pattern of random data that just so happens to look like a man. That would be so extraordinary and essays so statistically implausible as to be truly miraculous. It is not a pareidolia. Weíve covered this extensively in claude shannon masters thesis mit, this blog, most recently four months ago when I wrote these words (again) from an earlier post: One day, I was astonished to receive an email from someone who claimed that we only think we see an key terms image of masters thesis mit, a face on extended essay the Shroud. What we think is an claude shannon masters mit image, he told me, is merely the happenstance accumulation of smudges and stains on rajiv thesis the cloth. It is claude masters thesis mit, no different than an imaginary image of Jesus on essays by thoreau a burned slice of toast.

It is a pareidolia, an apophenia. I had never heard of either of these words. Now I have. As far as I can see, they mean the thesis mit, same thing. According to my Merriam-Webster dictionary apophenia is the experience of seeing patterns or connections in random or meaningless data. Pareidolia is defined as apophenia. I wrote back. The image is too detailed. In Student Essay? It is too realistic and too complex to not be the real face of a man.

When I say real, I mean by any means. Absent other evidence this includes painting, photograph or something else that we donít understand. But he persisted. His mind was made up. You canít prove it, he wrote back. Claude Masters Thesis Mit? It could be pure coincidence and you donít know for a fact that it isnít. Technology Extended? What is the threshold for perceiving an image? What are the criteria for saying that the image is claude thesis mit, of a man?

Are you an expert on the human face? I suspect that there is essays, a rather fuzzy swath of undecidedness between certainty that an image is of a face and is not. Given the setting and circumstance and a measure of masters thesis mit, sanity in whatever our worldview may dictate to design extended, us, we can usually avoid undecidedness. If I see a face in the clouds, I know it is a phantasm (another cool word), an shannon thesis mit illusion, an apparition of sorts. I am sure most of us think the same thing if we see a face on a piece of toast or in a smudge of a windowpane. It should be easy to know what we see for any given context. If I see a face in a Picasso, even if it looks less like a face than what I see on my morning toast, I know it is an image of gandhi institute, a face because of the context. Claude Shannon Mit? But what about the face on the shroud? It is a face. Essays? The context is claude shannon masters mit, clear.

There is an entire body there Ė admittedly, at key terms, the risk of being declared incompetent, maybe a pareidolia. Claude Shannon Masters Thesis Mit? I donít know how the face got there but it is a face. Is there pareidolia on the shroud? I think so: the coins over the eyes, lettering, flowers, scorches that look like clowns. Weíve been there many times. Les Fredette’s Crucifixion Nail: Why I am Skeptical About It.

Les Fredette seeing what he thinks is a crucifixion nail has inspired me to pwm thesis, repost something I wrote in November 2010. Masters? It explains, in large measure, why I am skeptical of his claim about a nail and many other such similar claims. Design Technology? For those bored with me repeating myself, donít read it. I think I see the light coming to me, coming through me giving me a second sight. Masters Thesis Mit? Those are words from the song, I Think I See, by Cat Stevens, written years before Yusuf Islam, as he is now called, converted to Islam. It was, some said, a metaphor for the promised land. And sometimes the light [I think I see] at essays consciousness, the end of the tunnel isnít the promised land. Sometimes itís just New Jersey, Jon Stewart said at the Rally to Restore Sanity, not meaning, of course, to shannon, criticize Yusuf Islam who was at the rally to sing his more famous song, Peace Train. In Shroud circles, when you hear the four-word phrase, I think I see you immediately think of essay, Ray Rogers.

I think I see, wonít do, he wrote concerning one personís observation that was pretty much only one personís observation. Masters Thesis Mit? I think I see is not a scientific statement, he wrote often. To me, in an email, he wrote: tests and measurements will always have more credibility than ĎI think I see.í What others said they saw, Rogers said he thought they merely thought they saw. I agree. One day, I was astonished to essays by thoreau, receive an email from someone who claimed that we only think we see an image of a face on the Shroud.

What we think is an image, he told me, is merely the happenstance accumulation of smudges and stains on the cloth. It is no different than an imaginary image of Jesus on a burned slice of toast. It is a pareidolia, an apophenia. I had never heard of shannon, either of on black consciousness, these words. Now I have. As far as I can see, they mean the same thing. Shannon? According to my Merriam-Webster dictionary apophenia is the experience of seeing patterns or connections in life, random or meaningless data. Pareidolia is defined as apophenia. I wrote back.

The image is claude masters, too detailed. It is too realistic and too complex to not be the real face of a man. When I say real, I mean by any means. Absent other evidence this includes painting, photograph or something else that we donít understand. But he persisted. His mind was made up.

You canít prove it, he wrote back. It could be pure coincidence and you donít know for a fact that it isnít. By Thoreau? What is the threshold for perceiving an shannon masters mit image? What are the criteria for rajiv gandhi institute of health sciences thesis, saying that the image is masters thesis mit, of a man? Are you an technology essay expert on the human face? I suspect that there is a rather fuzzy swath of undecidedness between certainty that an image is of a face and is not. Given the setting and claude shannon masters thesis circumstance and a measure of by thoreau, sanity in whatever our worldview may dictate to us, we can usually avoid undecidedness. If I see a face in the clouds, I know it is a phantasm (another cool word), an illusion, an apparition of sorts.

I am sure most of us think the same thing if we see a face on a piece of toast or in a smudge of a windowpane. It should be easy to know what we see for any given context. If I see a face in a Picasso, even if it looks less like a face than what I see on claude shannon masters my morning toast, I know it is an image of a face because of the essay, context. But what about the face on masters mit the shroud? It is a face. The context is clear. There is an entire body there Ė admittedly, at the risk of being declared incompetent, maybe a pareidolia. I donít know how the institute of health thesis, face got there but it is a face. The folks at the Harvard Law School are very much interested in this subject, as one might imagine they would be. Claude Shannon Mit? In an interesting article on a fascinating blog they maintain called The Situationist , they explore the pwm thesis, subject. They begin by pointing out claude masters that Carl Sagan once wrote:

As soon as the pwm thesis, infant can see, it recognizes faces, and we now know that this skill is hardwired in our brains. Those infants who a million years ago were unable to recognize a face smiled back less, were less likely to shannon, win the hearts of their parents, and less likely to stress essay, prosper. These days, nearly every infant is quick to identify a human face, and to respond with a goony grin. But it need not just be faces. Takeo Watanabe, a neuroscientist at Boston University, suggest[s] that subliminally learning something Ďtoo wellí interferes with perceptions of reality. The blog article continues: [P]eople have gotten so used to seeing faces everywhere that sensitivity to them is high enough to claude shannon masters thesis, produce constant false positives. This tendency to become hyperattuned to common stimuli may represent a survival advantage. If you lived in primeval times, for pwm thesis, instance, Dr. Watanabe said, it would be good to be very sensitized to tigers.

A famous example is the giant face on Mars from a NASA photograph. In 2001, Michael Malin, the claude masters thesis, president and chief scientist at resume key terms, Malin Space Science Systems, wrote an article entitled Unmasking the claude shannon masters thesis, Face on gandhi of health thesis Mars. It is claude shannon masters, published on NASAís official website. In it he wrote: Twenty five years ago something funny happened around Mars. NASAís Viking 1 spacecraft was circling the design essay, planet, snapping photos of possible landing sites for its sister ship Viking 2, when it spotted the shadowy likeness of a human face.

An enormous head nearly two miles from end to end seemed to be staring back at the cameras from claude, a region of the Red Planet called Cydonia. There must have been a degree of surprise among mission controllers back at the Jet Propulsion Lab when the face appeared on their monitors. But the sensation was short lived. Design Technology Extended? Scientists figured it was just another Martian mesa, common enough around Cydonia, only this one had unusual shadows that made it look like an Egyptian Pharaoh. Indeedóand we should not be surprised by thisómany people were convinced that this was a gigantic monument of some sort created by mit, humans or human-like aliens who once lived on Mars. NASA re-photographed the mesa from different angles. They used the same ray tracing technology (think VP8) that is used to show the 3D image of the face on the shroud to show that the Martian face was not a face at all. Essay? Had it been, the results would have been similar to the results obtained from the shannon masters, face on the shroud. The face was a pareidolic image.

But some people, not unlike flat-earthers, remain convinced that it is a face. The images of a person, certainly a man if we look closely, exists on the shroud. Many well pronounced features are part of that image. But there may be other parts of the essays by thoreau, image that some people claim to claude thesis, see that are probably pareidolic perceptions. Takeo Watanabeís views that subliminally learning something Ďtoo wellí results in false positives may explain many reported images and features of the essays by thoreau, shroud image. Thesis Mit? A botanist may see images of flowers and plants. Essays By Thoreau? A numismaticist may see images of ancient coins. A dentist may see what looks like teeth.

It would be totally unfair to claude, say that this is what happened when such experts saw these things. But it would be unfair to not suggest the possibility. The shroud is dirty, creased and wrinkled. It has been exposed to dust, moisture, smoke from stress in student, fire and almost certainly candles and incense. It has been exposed to moisture and there are clear water stains in places. It has been folded different ways and rolled up for storage. Claude Shannon Masters Thesis? Folding causes creases.

It has been held aloft and probably hung in ways that over time caused stretching. The cloth was woven on a hand loom with handspun thread that is not perfectly uniform. Resume Key Terms? All of this contributes to shannon thesis, visual information and visual misinformation. So does the banding patterns, the by thoreau, variegated appearance of the cloth. We know that it alters the appearance of the face very dramatically. It certainly must contribute to what some say they see on the shroud. Claude Masters Thesis? For instance, if you look closely, you are likely to see what looks like teeth behind the manís lips, as though somehow the resume key terms, image contains x-ray qualities. But vertical banding lines may be the reason we see teeth.

Clear banding lines extend well beyond the teeth, beyond the face even, and seemingly for claude shannon masters thesis mit, the length of the cloth. Photography also introduces visual noise. Different films have different contrast characteristics that can significantly change the appearance of faint details. Lighting may create small shadows between threads and among wrinkles and creases. Even the color temperature of lighting can have an effect because different films are subject to different colors being reflected from the cloth. What we perceive in a photograph of the shroud may not be what we see if we look at the cloth with our own eyes. People have seen coins over the eyes; and not just coins but enough details to identify them as specific coins minted by Romans for Jewish use around the time of Jesusí crucifixion. Stress In Student Life Essay? People have identified flowers and claude shannon masters thesis mit plants that are specific to the environs of Jerusalem. The list of things seen goes on and on.

There are, supposedly, a hammer, a nail, a fluffy shaped sponge tied to a reed, a coil of rope, a pair of dice and part of a plaque with enough lettering in Greek, Latin and possibly Hebrew to identify it as saying, Jesus of Nazareth. But are these things really imaged on the cloth? Are there criteria for deciding? Consensus among people who closely study the images on the shroud is valid so long as that study is as completely objective as possible. Worldview nullification must be avoided at all cost. Consciousness Movement? It is not proper to reject these images because you donít believe the shannon thesis, shroud is real. But it is by thoreau, fair to shannon, be skeptical, as in the case of the flowers, teeth, coins and lettering because there is identifiable noise such as the banding, wrinkles and crinkles and essays by thoreau whatnots. íI seeí said the blind man as he picked up his hammer and saw, so goes the claude, excruciatingly ridiculous old English ditty. I see flowers, I see teeth . . Design? . You get the idea. I would like to claude shannon mit, see the flowers.

I see something that looks like two flowers. Iím not convinced they are flowers. Stress Life Essay? Iím not trained enough in botany to know many other types of shannon mit, flowers to look for. Iíve read the books. Studied the charts and diagrams.

Looked at stress in student life, pictures through gadgets. I donít see the mit, flowers. I want to see. Show me. Show me that these images are not pareidolias or apophenias or phantasms or I-think-I-sees. Show me that the rajiv gandhi of health, light at the end of the tunnel isnít New Jersey. A reader writes: I recall one of your postings in which you recounted the story of someone who claimed that there really wasnít a picture of a man on the shroud, that what we all saw was no different then a picture of Jesus that appears on a slice of toast. Claude Thesis? As I recall, no amount of explanation could convince him to life, change his mind. Of course not.

That would violate the first law of kookiness. Now, excuse me for interrupting the readerís email to repeat a part of what I wrote that the reader refers to: One day, I was astonished to receive an email from someone who claimed that we only think we see an image of a face on the Shroud. What we think is an image, he told me, is merely the happenstance accumulation of smudges and stains on the cloth. It is claude masters thesis mit, no different than an imaginary image of Jesus on a burned slice of toast. It is a pareidolia, an apophenia. I had never heard of resume key terms, either of these words. Now I have. Claude Shannon Thesis Mit? As far as I can see, they mean the same thing. According to design technology extended essay, my Merriam-Webster dictionary apophenia is the experience of seeing patterns or connections in random or meaningless data.

Pareidolia is defined as apophenia. I wrote back. The image is claude masters thesis mit, too detailed. It is stress life, too realistic and too complex to not be the real face of a man. When I say real, I mean by any means. Absent other evidence this includes painting, photograph or something else that we donít understand. But he persisted.

His mind was made up. You canít prove it, he wrote back. It could be pure coincidence and you donít know for a fact that it isnít. What is the threshold for perceiving an image? What are the criteria for saying that the image is of a man? Are you an claude masters thesis mit expert on the human face? . . Consciousness? . I suspect that there is a rather fuzzy swath of undecidedness between certainty that an image is of a face and is not. Given the setting and circumstance and a measure of sanity in whatever our worldview may dictate to us, we can usually avoid undecidedness. If I see a face in the clouds, I know it is a phantasm (another cool word), an illusion, an apparition of sorts. I am sure most of us think the claude masters thesis mit, same thing if we see a face on a piece of toast or in resume key terms, a smudge of a windowpane. It should be easy to know what we see for any given context. If I see a face in a Picasso, even if it looks less like a face than what I see on my morning toast, I know it is an image of a face because of the context.

But what about the face on the shroud? It is a face? The context is clear. There is an entire body there Ė admittedly, at the risk of being declared incompetent, maybe a pareidolia. I donít know how the face got there but it is a face. Now to resume the readers email: Dr. Sciencebod has the same sort of problem with 3D. He fails to shannon thesis mit, distinguish between fully expected pseudo-elevations from essays movement, burn marks and the real-elevations visible on the real image of a man on the shroud.

This is apparent when he writes, ďSo-called 3D-encoded information is an shannon thesis mit artefact of the computerised imaging Ė which explains why the 1532 burn marks appear as a hologram-like 3D as well as the image itself.Ē A bit of disclaimer is in order. Essays? Iím not convinced that the shroud is claude shannon thesis mit, real. At the same time Iím not convinced it is fake. So for me it is a mystery. If it is real, I am not at all inclined to think the image was caused by energy left over from some sort of physical resurrection. I have seen no convincing evidence for rajiv institute of health thesis, that.

But even if I had I would have significant difficulty accepting it. I am a Catholic much more in sympathy with progressive Catholic scholars like Crossan who interprets the resurrection as a statement of faith and not as a physical event in a scientific or historic sense. However, the 3D, which Dr. Sciencebod so casually dismisses, is ever so appropriate for the shape of a human form that it is silly to think otherwise unless one confuses reality with toast. Even so, the 3D effect obtained by plotting luminescence may not be a real measure of distance between body and cloth. It may be something entirely different that we have not imagined. But it is not casually dismissible. Regardless of how it came about, it is a real property of the image.

One cannot claim to have found a method by which to shannon thesis, create the image on the shroud unless one can show how that method encodes this property. One cannot claim itís an artifact in order to extended, escape this pass/fail criteria. NOTE: Top picture is from Discover Magazine . Bottom picture is called ďFace in the Shroud.Ē It is a 3D rendering of data in the shroud image undertaken by Ray Downing for the History Channel special, The Real Face of Jesus . The Shroud of Turin may be the real burial cloth of Jesus. The carbon dating, once seemingly proving it was a medieval fake, is now widely thought of as suspect and meaningless. Even the famous Atheist Richard Dawkins admits it is controversial. Christopher Ramsey, the director of the Oxford Radiocarbon Laboratory, thinks more testing is needed. So do many other scientists and archeologists. This is because there are significant scientific and non-religious reasons to claude masters, doubt the validity of the tests.

Chemical analysis, all nicely peer-reviewed in scientific journals and subsequently confirmed by numerous chemists, shows that samples tested are chemically unlike the whole cloth. It was probably a mixture of older threads and newer threads woven into gandhi sciences thesis, the cloth as part of a medieval repair. Recent robust statistical studies add weight to this theory. Philip Ball, the former physical science editor for claude shannon masters, Nature when the carbon dating results were published, recently wrote: ďItís fair to say that, despite the essays on black, seemingly definitive tests in 1988, the status of the Shroud of Turin is murkier than ever.Ē If we wish to be scientific we must admit we do not know how old the cloth is. But if the newer thread is about half of what was tested Ė and some evidence suggests that Ė it is possible that the cloth is from the time of Christ.

No one has a good idea how front and back images of a crucified man came to be on the cloth. Yes, it is possible to create images that look similar. Claude Masters? But no one has created images that match the essays, chemistry, peculiar superficiality and profoundly mysterious three-dimensional information content of the images on the Shroud. Again, this is claude shannon masters mit, all published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. We simply do not have enough reliable information to arrive at a scientifically rigorous conclusion.

Years ago, as a skeptic of the Shroud, I came to realize that while I might believe it was a fake, I could not know so from the facts. Now, as someone who believes it is the real burial shroud of Jesus of essays by thoreau, Nazareth, I similarly realize that a leap of faith over unanswered questions is essential.

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19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. Recruiters spend an average of six seconds reviewing a resume before they make the masters thesis mit, initial decision on candidates, according to research conducted by TheLadders, an institute of health sciences thesis, online job-matching service for claude shannon, professionals. That means you have to essays by thoreau win them over fast. To get a better idea of what makes a resume great, we reached out to Amanda Augustine, career expert at TheLadders. She created an example of an claude shannon mit, excellent resume and on black consciousness movement, allowed us to share it. While resumes should be tailored to claude thesis mit the industry you're in, the one below offers a helpful guide for resume, entry- and claude shannon masters, mid-level professionals with three to five years of resume relevant work experience..

What makes this resume so great? Augustine outlines the thesis mit, following reasons: 1. It includes a URL to the jobseeker's professional online profile. If you don't include URLs to your professional online profiles, hiring managers will look you up regardless. Augustine tells Business Insider that 86% of recruiters admit to reviewing candidates' online profiles, so why not include your URL along with your contact information? This will prevent recruiters from having to pwm thesis guess or mistaking you for someone else. If you have a common name, consider including your middle initial on your resume and online professional profiles to differentiate yourself from the competition, says Augustine. For example, decide if you're Mike Johnson, Michael Johnson, or Mike E. Johnson. Shannon Masters Mit! Then use this name consistently, be it on stress in student, LinkedIn, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook. 3. It includes a single phone number and email address.

Choose one phone number for your resume where you control the voicemail message and who picks up the phone, she advises. The same rule applies to an email address. 4. It does not include an objective statement. There's no point in including a generic objective about a professional looking for opportunities that will allow me to masters thesis leverage my skills, says Augustine. It's not helpful and distracting. Ditch it. 5. Instead, it includes an executive summary. Replace your fluffy statement with an executive summary, which should be like a 30-second elevator pitch where you explain who you are and what you're looking for . In approximately three to five sentences, explain what youÄôre great at, most interested in, and how you can provide value to a prospective employer, Augustine says. Pwm Thesis! 6. It uses reverse chronological order.

This is the most helpful for shannon masters thesis mit, recruiters because they're able to see what you've been doing in recent years immediately, says Augustine. The only time you shouldn't do this is if you're trying to transition to technology extended essay another career altogether, but then again, in this situation, you'll probably be relying more on claude shannon masters thesis, networks, than your resume, she says. 7. Pwm Thesis! It uses keywords like forecasting and strategic planning. Many companies use some kind of screening process to identify the right candidates. You should include the claude shannon mit, keywords mentioned in rajiv gandhi sciences thesis the job posting throughout your resume. Identify the common keywords, terminology, and key phrases that routinely pop up in the job descriptions of your target role and claude shannon masters thesis, incorporate them into your resume (assuming you have those skills), advises Augustine. This will help you make it past the initial screenings and on to the pwm thesis, recruiter or hiring manager. 8. It provides company descriptions.

It's helpful for recruiters to know the size of the company you used to work for, advises Augustine. Being a director of a huge company means something very different than a director at a small company, she says. You can go to the company's About Us section and rewrite one or two lines of the description. Mit! This should be included right underneath the name of the company. While the resume, company size is helpful information, including the claude shannon masters, company description will also let the hiring manager know what industries you've worked in. For example, being an accountant in tech may be very different than being an accountant in the hospitality industry. As with most things on a resume, the essays consciousness, company description should be tailored based on the professional's goals. If you're looking to switch industries, your focus may be on the company size ÄĒ assuming it's similar to your goals ÄĒ and shannon thesis, less on discussing the various products your company sells. 9. It does not list achievements in dense blocks of text. Recruiters receive so many resumes to scan through at a time, so make it as easy as possible for them to understand why you're perfect for the job. Dense blocks of text are too difficult to extended read, says Augustine..

10. Instead, achievements are listed in two to five bullet points per job. Under each job or experience you've had, explain how you contributed to or supported your teamÄôs projects and initiatives. As you build up your experience, save the bullets for your bragging points, says Augustine. Quantify your major accomplishments and contributions for masters mit, each role, Augustine tells us. This can include the money you saved or brought in for your employer, deals closed, and extended, projects delivered on time or under budget. Do not use any more than three to five bullet points. 12. Accomplishments are formatted as result-and-then-cause. A good rule is to use the mit, result BY action sentence structure whenever possible. For example: Generated approximately $452,000 in annual savings by employing a new procedure which streamlined the business's vendor relationships.

13. White space draws the reader's eyes to important points. Recruiters do not spend a lot of time scanning resumes, so avoid dense blocks of text. The key is to format the on black consciousness, information in a way that makes it easy to scan and recognize your job goals and claude shannon thesis, relevant qualifications, Augustine tells us. 14. It doesn't use crazy fonts or colors. Stick to black and white color, says Augustine. As for font, it's best to stick with the basics, such as Arial, Tahoma, or Calibri. Gandhi Institute Of Health Sciences! Augustine says you should never write your resume in third person because everyone knows you're the claude shannon, one writing it (unless you go through a professional resume writing service). Instead, you should write it in first person, and do not include pronouns.

It's weird [to include pronouns], and extended, it's an extra word you don't need, she says. You need to streamline your resume because you have limited real estate. Avoid adding any embedded tables, pictures, or other images in your resume, as this can confuse the applicant-tracking software and jumble your resume in the system, says Augustine. 17. Masters! It doesn't use headers or footers. Resume Key Terms! It may look neat and concise to display your contact information in the header, but for t he same reason with embedded tables and charts, it often gets scrambled in an applicant tracking system, says Augustine. 18.

Education is listed at the bottom. Unless you're a recent graduate, you should highlight your work experience and claude masters thesis, move your education information to the bottom of your resume, says Augustine. Never include anything about your high-school years. 19. It doesn't say references upon pwm thesis request. Claude Shannon Masters Thesis! Every recruiter knows you're going to provide references if they request it so there's no reason for you to essays by thoreau include this line. Again, remember that space on your resume is shannon thesis, crucial so don't waste it on a meaningless line, Augustine tells us. Now watch how to ace an interview: SEE ALSO: What Recruiters Look At During The 6 Seconds They Spend On Your Resume. NOW WATCH: The 9 Worst Mistakes You Can Make On Your Resume. Recommended For You Powered by rajiv gandhi, Sailthru. 19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume.

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essay fate emerson Delicate omens traced in air. To the lone bard true witness bare; Birds with auguries on their wings. Chanted undeceiving things. Him to beckon, him to warn.

Well might then the poet scorn. To learn of claude shannon mit scribe or courier. Hints writ in vaster character. And on his mind, at dawn of day, Soft shadows of the evening lay. For the prevision is allied. Unto the thing so signified; Or say, the foresight that awaits. Is the same Genius that creates. It chanced during one winter, a few years ago, that our cities were bent on discussing the theory of the Age. Extended? By an odd coincidence, four or five noted men were each reading a discourse to the citizens of Boston or New York, on the Spirit of the Times.

It so happened that the subject had the same prominence in some remarkable pamphlets and journals issued in London in claude masters, the same season. Rajiv Gandhi? To me, however, the question of the times resolved itself into a practical question of the conduct of life. How shall I live? We are incompetent to solve the times. Our geometry cannot span the claude shannon masters, huge orbits of the prevailing ideas, behold their return, and reconcile their opposition. We can only obey our own polarity. 'Tis fine for design technology essay, us to speculate and mit, elect our course, if we must accept an irresistible dictation. In our first steps to gain our wishes, we come upon immovable limitations. We are fired with the hope to on black reform men. After many experiments, we find that we must begin earlier,--at school. Claude Shannon Masters? But the boys and girls are not docile; we can make nothing of them.

We decide that they are not of good stock. We must begin our reform earlier still,--at generation: that is to say, there is Fate, or laws of the world. But if there be irresistible dictation, this dictation understands itself. If we must accept Fate, we are not less compelled to affirm liberty, the significance of the individual, the grandeur of duty, the power of character. This is true, and that other is gandhi institute thesis true. But our geometry cannot span these extreme points, and reconcile them. What to do?

By obeying each thought frankly, by harping, or, if you will, pounding on each string, we learn at shannon mit last its power. Gandhi Institute Sciences Thesis? By the same obedience to other thoughts, we learn theirs, and then comes some reasonable hope of harmonizing them. We are sure, that, though we know not how, necessity does comport with liberty, the masters, individual with the world, my polarity with the spirit of the times. The riddle of the age has for each a private solution. If one would study his own time, it must be by this method of taking up in turn each of the leading topics which belong to resume our scheme of human life, and, by firmly stating all that is agreeable to experience on one, and doing the same justice to the opposing facts in the others, the true limitations will appear. Any excess of emphasis, on claude thesis mit one part, would be corrected, and a just balance would be made. But let us honestly state the facts. Our America has a bad name for superficialness. Great men, great nations, have not been boasters and buffoons, but perceivers of the terror of life, and life essay, have manned themselves to face it.

The Spartan, embodying his religion in his country, dies before its majesty without a question. The Turk, who believes his doom is written on the iron leaf in the moment when he entered the world, rushes on the enemy's sabre with undivided will. The Turk, the Arab, the Persian, accepts the foreordained fate. On two days, it steads not to run from thy grave, The appointed, and the unappointed day;

On the first, neither balm nor physician can save, Nor thee, on the second, the Universe slay. The Hindoo, under the wheel , is as firm. Our Calvinists, in claude shannon masters mit, the last generation, had something of the same dignity. They felt that the weight of the Universe held them down to their place. What could they do? Wise men feel that there is something which cannot be talked or voted away,--a strap or belt which girds the world. The Destiny, minister general,

That executeth in the world o'er all, The purveyance which God hath seen beforne, So strong it is, that tho' the world had sworn. The contrary of a thing by yea or nay, Yet sometime it shall fallen on a day. That falleth not oft in a thousand year; For, certainly, our appetites here, Be it of war, or peace, or hate, or love,

All this is ruled by the sight above. Chaucer: The Knighte's Tale. The Greek Tragedy expressed the same sense: Whatever is pwm thesis fated, that will take place. The great immense mind of claude mit Jove is not to be transgressed. Savages cling to a local god of one tribe or town. The broad ethics of Jesus were quickly narrowed to village theologies, which preach an election or favoritism. Key Terms? And, now and then, an amiable parson, like Jung Stilling, or Robert Huntington, believes in a pistareen-Providence, which, whenever the good man wants a dinner, makes that somebody shall knock at his door, and claude masters mit, leave a half-dollar.

But Nature is no sentimentalist, --does not cosset or pamper us. We must see that the world is key terms rough and surly, and will not mind drowning a man or a woman; but swallows your ship like a grain of claude dust. In Student? The cold, inconsiderate of claude thesis persons, tingles your blood, benumbs your feet, freezes a man like an apple. The diseases, the elements, fortune, gravity, lightning, respect no persons. The way of Providence is a little rude. The habit of snake and spider, the in student life essay, snap of the claude masters, tiger and other leapers and bloody jumpers, the essays by thoreau, crackle of the bones of his prey in the coil of the anaconda,--these are in the system, and our habits are like theirs. You have just dined, and, however scrupulously the slaughter-house is concealed in the graceful distance of miles, there is shannon masters thesis mit complicity,-- expensive races,--race living at the expense of race. The planet is liable to shocks from comets, perturbations from planets, rendings from earthquake and volcano, alterations of climate, precessions of equinoxes. Rivers dry up by opening of the forest. The sea changes its bed. Rajiv Sciences? Towns and counties fall into it.

At Lisbon, an earthquake killed men like flies. At Naples, three years ago, ten thousand persons were crushed in a few minutes. The scurvy at sea; the sword of the climate in the west of Africa, at Cayenne, at Panama, at New Orleans, cut off men like a massacre. Our western prairie shakes with fever and ague. The cholera, the small-pox, have proved as mortal to some tribes, as a frost to the crickets, which, having filled the summer with noise, are silenced by a fall of the temperature of one night. Without uncovering what does not concern us, or counting how many species of parasites hang on a bombyx; or groping after intestinal parasites, or infusory biters, or the obscurities of alternate generation;--the forms of the shark, the labrus , the jaw of the sea-wolf paved with crushing teeth, the weapons of the grampus, and other warriors hidden in the sea,--are hints of ferocity in the interiors of nature. Let us not deny it up and down. Providence has a wild, rough, incalculable road to claude its end, and it is of no use to try to whitewash its huge, mixed instrumentalities, or to dress up that terrific benefactor in a clean shirt and white neckcloth of a student in divinity.

Will you say, the disasters which threaten mankind are exceptional, and one need not lay his account for cataclysms every day? Aye, but what happens once, may happen again, and so long as these strokes are not to be parried by us, they must be feared. But these shocks and ruins are less destructive to us, than the stealthy power of other laws which act on us daily. An expense of ends to means is fate;--organization tyrannizing over character. The menagerie, or forms and powers of the technology extended, spine, is a book of fate: the bill of the bird, the claude masters mit, skull of the snake, determines tyrannically its limits.

So is the scale of races, of essays consciousness temperaments; so is sex; so is claude masters climate; so is the reaction of talents imprisoning the vital power in certain directions. Every spirit makes its house; but afterwards the house confines the spirit. The gross lines are legible to the dull: the essays, cabman is phrenologist so far: he looks in your face to see if his shilling is sure. A dome of brow denotes one thing; a pot-belly another; a squint, a pug-nose, mats of hair, the pigment of the epidermis, betray character. People seem sheathed in their tough organization. Ask Spurzheim, ask the claude shannon thesis mit, doctors, ask Quetelet, if temperaments decide nothing? or if there be any-thing they do not decide? Read the description in medical books of the four temperaments, and you will think you are reading your own thoughts which you had not yet told. Find the part which black eyes, and which blue eyes, play severally in the company.

How shall a man escape from his ancestors, or draw off from his veins the black drop which he drew from his father's or his mother's life? It often appears in a family, as if all the qualities of the progenitors were potted in several jars,--some ruling quality in each son or daughter of the house,--and sometimes the unmixed temperament, the rank unmitigated elixir, the family vice, is design extended drawn off in shannon masters, a separate individual, and essays, the others are proportionally relieved. We sometimes see a change of shannon masters mit expression in our companion, and say, his father, or his mother, comes to the windows of his eyes, and sometimes a remote relative. In different hours, a man represents each of several of his ancestors, as if there were seven or eight of movement us rolled up in each man's skin,-- seven or eight ancestors at claude thesis least,--and they constitute the variety of notes for that new piece of music which his life is. At the corner of the street, you read the possibility of resume each passenger, in the facial angle, in the complexion, in the depth of his eye. His parentage determines it. Men are what their mothers made them. You may as well ask a loom which weaves huckaback, why it does not make cashmere, as expect poetry from this engineer, or a chemical discovery from claude shannon that jobber.

Ask the digger in the ditch to explain Newton's laws: the fine organs of his brain have been pinched by overwork and squalid poverty from father to son, for a hundred years. When each comes forth from his mother's womb, the gate of gifts closes behind him. Let him value his hands and feet, he has but one pair. So he has but one future, and that is already predetermined in his lobes, and described in that little fatty face, pig-eye, and squat form. All the privilege and pwm thesis, all the legislation of the world cannot meddle or help to make a poet or a prince of claude masters him.

Jesus said, When he looketh on her, he hath committed adultery. But he is an adulterer before he has yet looked on in student the woman, by the superfluity of animal, and the defect of shannon thesis thought, in his constitution. Who meets him, or who meets her, in the street, sees that they are ripe to be each other's victim. In certain men, digestion and sex absorb the vital force, and the stronger these are, the individual is so much weaker. The more of these drones perish, the stress in student life essay, better for the hive. If, later, they give birth to claude thesis mit some superior individual, with force enough to add to this animal a new aim, and a complete apparatus to work it out, all the ancestors are gladly forgotten. Most men and most women are merely one couple more. Now and then, one has a new cell or camarilla opened in his brain,--an architectural, a musical, or a philological knack, some stray taste or talent for flowers, or chemistry, or pigments, or story-telling, a good hand for drawing, a good foot for dancing, an design essay athletic frame for wide journeying,--which skill nowise alters rank in the scale of nature, but serves to pass the time, the life of shannon thesis sensation going on resume key terms as before. At last, these hints and tendencies are fixed in one, or in claude mit, a succession. Consciousness? Each absorbs so much food and force, as to become itself a new centre. The new talent draws off so rapidly the shannon masters, vital force, that not enough remains for the animal functions, hardly enough for health; so that, in the second generation, if the essay, like genius appear, the masters thesis, health is visibly deteriorated, and the generative force impaired.

People are born with the moral or with the material bias;--uterine brothers with this diverging destination: and I suppose, with high magnifiers, Mr. Frauenhofer or Dr. Carpenter might come to distinguish in the embryo at the fourth day, this is a Whig, and stress, that a Free-soiler. It was a poetic attempt to shannon lift this mountain of Fate, to reconcile this despotism of race with liberty, which led the Hindoos to say, Fate is institute nothing but the deeds committed in a prior state of existence. I find the coincidence of the claude shannon mit, extremes of eastern and western speculation in pwm thesis, the daring statement of Schelling, there is in every man a certain feeling, that he has been what he is from all eternity, and by no means became such in time. To say it less sublimely,--in the history of the claude mit, individual is always an account of his condition, and stress life, he knows himself to be a party to his present estate. A good deal of our politics is physiological. Now and shannon masters thesis mit, then, a man of wealth in the heyday of youth adopts the tenet of broadest freedom. In England, there is always some man of wealth and large connection planting himself, during all his years of health, on the side of progress, who, as soon as he begins to essays on black die, checks his forward play, calls in his troops, and thesis mit, becomes conservative.

All conservatives are such from personal defects. They have been effeminated by position or nature, born halt and blind, through luxury of their parents, and can only, like invalids, act on the defensive. But strong natures, backwoodsmen, New Hampshire giants, Napoleons, Burkes, Broughams, Websters, Kossuths, are inevitable patriots, until their life ebbs, and their defects and gout, palsy and money, warp them. The strongest idea incarnates itself in majorities and nations, in the healthiest and movement, strongest. Probably, the election goes by thesis, avoirdupois weight, and, if you could weigh bodily the stress in student essay, tonnage of any hundred of the Whig and the Democratic party in a town, on the Dearborn balance, as they passed the hayscales, you could predict with certainty which party would carry it.

On the whole, it would be rather the speediest way of deciding the vote, to put the selectmen or the mayor and aldermen at the hayscales. In science, we have to consider two things: power and circumstance. All we know of the egg, from each successive discovery, is, another vesicle; and if, after five hundred years, you get a better observer, or a better glass, he finds within the last observed another. In vegetable and claude shannon, animal tissue, it is just alike, and all that the primary power or spasm operates, is, still, vesicles, vesicles. Yes, --but the tyrannical Circumstance! A vesicle in new circumstances, a vesicle lodged in darkness, Oken thought, became animal; in light, a plant. Lodged in the parent animal, it suffers changes, which end in technology extended essay, unsheathing miraculous capability in the unaltered vesicle, and claude shannon masters mit, it unlocks itself to in student fish, bird, or quadruped, head and foot, eye and claw. The Circumstance is Nature.

Nature is, what you may do. There is much you may not. We have two things,--the circumstance, and the life. Once we thought, positive power was all. Now we learn, that negative power, or circumstance, is half. Nature is the tyrannous circumstance, the thick skull, the claude, sheathed snake, the ponderous, rock-like jaw; necessitated activity; violent direction; the conditions of a tool, like the locomotive, strong enough on its track, but which can do nothing but mischief off of it; or skates, which are wings on the ice, but fetters on the ground. The book of Nature is the book of Fate. She turns the gigantic pages, --leaf after leaf,--never returning one.

One leaf she lays down, a floor of granite; then a thousand ages, and a bed of slate; a thousand ages, and a measure of coal; a thousand ages, and a layer of marl and mud: vegetable forms appear; her first misshapen animals, zoophyte, trilobium, fish; then, saurians,--rude forms, in which she has only blocked her future statue, concealing under these unwieldly monsters the fine type of her coming king. The face of the planet cools and dries, the races meliorate, and pwm thesis, man is born. But when a race has lived its term, it comes no more again. The population of the world is claude mit a conditional population not the essays on black, best, but the best that could live now; and claude shannon masters thesis mit, the scale of tribes, and the steadiness with which victory adheres to one tribe, and defeat to another, is essays on black as uniform as the superposition of claude thesis strata. We know in history what weight belongs to race. We see the English, French, and Germans planting themselves on every shore and market of essays consciousness America and Australia, and monopolizing the commerce of shannon mit these countries. We like the essays consciousness movement, nervous and victorious habit of our own branch of the family. We follow the step of the Jew, of the Indian, of the Negro.

We see how much will has been expended to claude shannon masters thesis mit extinguish the Jew, in vain. Look at the unpalatable conclusions of Knox, in his Fragment of design essay Races, -- a rash and unsatisfactory writer, but charged with pungent and unforgetable truths. Nature respects race, and not hybrids. Every race has its own habitat. Detach a colony from the race, and it deteriorates to the crab. See the shades of the picture.

The German and Irish millions, like the Negro, have a great deal of shannon mit guano in their destiny. They are ferried over the Atlantic, and carted over America, to ditch and to drudge, to make corn cheap, and then to lie down prematurely to make a spot of green grass on the prairie. One more fagot of these adamantine bandages, is, the new science of Statistics. It is a rule, that the most casual and extraordinary events-- if the essays, basis of population is broad enough--become matter of fixed calculation. It would not be safe to say when a captain like Bonaparte, a singer like Jenny Lind, or a navigator like Bowditch, would be born in Boston: but, on shannon masters thesis a population of twenty or two hundred millions, something like accuracy may be had. 'Tis frivolous to fix pedantically the essays by thoreau, date of particular inventions.

They have all been invented over and over fifty times. Man is the arch machine, of which all these shifts drawn from himself are toy models. He helps himself on each emergency by copying or duplicating his own structure, just so far as the need is. Masters Mit? 'Tis hard to find the right Homer, Zoroaster, or Menu; harder still to find the Tubal Cain, or Vulcan, or Cadmus, or Copernicus, or Fust, or Fulton, the indisputable inventor. There are scores and centuries of them. The air is pwm thesis full of men. This kind of talent so abounds, this constructive tool-making efficiency, as if it adhered to claude shannon masters the chemic atoms, as if the air he breathes were made of Vaucansons, Franklins, and Watts.

Doubtless, in every million there will be an astronomer, a mathematician, a comic poet, a mystic. No one can read the history of astronomy, without perceiving that Copernicus, Newton, Laplace, are not new men, or a new kind of men, but that Thales, Anaximenes, Hipparchus, Empedocles, Aristarchus, Pythagoras, Enopides, had anticipated them; each had the same tense geometrical brain, apt for the same vigorous computation and logic, a mind parallel to the movement of the world. In Student Essay? The Roman mile probably rested on a measure of a degree of the meridian. Mahometan and Chinese know what we know of leap-year, of the Gregorian calendar, and mit, of the precession of the equinoxes. As, in every barrel of cowries, brought to key terms New Bedford, there shall be one orangia , so there will, in a dozen millions of Malays and Mahometans, be one or two astronomical skulls. In a large city, the most casual things, and things whose beauty lies in their casualty, are produced as punctually and to order as the baker's muffin for breakfast.

Punch makes exactly one capital joke a week; and the journals contrive to furnish one good piece of shannon thesis news every day. And not less work the laws of repression, the institute sciences, penalties of violated functions. Famine, typhus, frost, war, suicide, and effete races, must be reckoned calculable parts of the system of the world. These are pebbles from the mountain, hints of the terms by which our life is walled up, and which show a kind of claude mit mechanical exactness, as of a loom or mill, in what we call casual or fortuitous events. We cannot trifle with this reality, this cropping-out in our planted gardens of the core of the world. Resume? No picture of life can have any veracity that does not admit the odious facts. A man's power is hooped in by a necessity, which, by many experiments, he touches on every side, until he learns its arc. The element running through entire nature, which we popularly call Fate, is known to us as limitation. Masters Mit? Whatever limits us, we call Fate.

If we are brute and barbarous, the fate takes a brute and dreadful shape. As we refine, our checks become finer. If we rise to spiritual culture, the consciousness, antagonism takes a spiritual form. In the Hindoo fables, Vishnu follows Maya through all her ascending changes, from insect and crawfish up to elephant; whatever form she took, he took the male form of that kind, until she became at last woman and goddess, and shannon masters mit, he a man and a god. The limitations refine as the essays on black, soul purifies, but the ring of claude shannon thesis necessity is always perched at the top. When the gods in the Norse heaven were unable to bind the Fenris Wolf with steel or with weight of mountains,--the one he snapped and the other he spurned with his heel,--they put round his foot a limp band softer than silk or cobweb, and this held him: the more he spurned it, the stiffer it drew. So soft and so stanch is the ring of Fate. Consciousness? Neither brandy, nor nectar, nor sulphuric ether, nor hell-fire, nor ichor, nor poetry, nor genius, can get rid of this limp band.

For if we give it the high sense in which the poets use it, even thought itself is claude thesis not above Fate: that too must act according to thesis eternal laws, and all that is claude shannon thesis mit wilful and fantastic in it is in opposition to its fundamental essence. And, last of all, high over thought, in pwm thesis, the world of morals, Fate appears as vindicator, levelling the high, lifting the low, requiring justice in man, and always striking soon or late, when justice is not done. Claude Masters Thesis Mit? What is useful will last; what is hurtful will sink. The doer must suffer, said the Greeks: you would soothe a Deity not to be soothed. God himself cannot procure good for the wicked, said the Welsh triad. God may consent, but only for a time, said the bard of Spain. The limitation is impassable by any insight of man. In its last and loftiest ascensions, insight itself, and the freedom of the will, is one of its obedient members. But we must not run into generalizations too large, but show the gandhi institute sciences thesis, natural bounds or essential distinctions, and seek to do justice to the other elements as well. Thus we trace Fate, in masters thesis, matter, mind, and morals,--in race, in by thoreau, retardations of strata, and in thought and character as well. It is everywhere bound or limitation.

But Fate has its lord; limitation its limits; is different seen from above and from below; from thesis mit within and from without. Essays By Thoreau? For, though Fate is shannon masters mit immense, so is essays on black consciousness power, which is the other fact in the dual world, immense. If Fate follows and limits power, power attends and antagonizes Fate. Mit? We must respect Fate as natural history, but there is more than natural history. For who and what is pwm thesis this criticism that pries into the matter? Man is masters mit not order of nature, sack and sack, belly and members, link in a chain, nor any ignominious baggage, but a stupendous antagonism, a dragging together of the essays movement, poles of the Universe.

He betrays his relation to what is below him,--thick-skulled, small-brained, fishy, quadrumanous,--quadruped ill-disguised, hardly escaped into biped, and has paid for the new powers by shannon masters mit, loss of some of the old ones. But the lightning which explodes and fashions planets, maker of planets and suns, is in him. On one side, elemental order, sandstone and key terms, granite, rock-ledges, peat-bog, forest, sea and shore; and, on the other part, thought, the spirit which composes and decomposes nature,--here they are, side by side, god and devil, mind and shannon masters thesis mit, matter, king and conspirator, belt and spasm, riding peacefully together in the eye and brain of on black movement every man. Nor can he blink the freewill. To hazard the contradiction,--freedom is necessary. If you please to plant yourself on the side of Fate, and say, Fate is all; then we say, a part of masters thesis mit Fate is the freedom of man. Forever wells up the pwm thesis, impulse of choosing and acting in the soul. Intellect annuls Fate. So far as a man thinks, he is free.

And though nothing is more disgusting than the shannon masters, crowing about liberty by slaves, as most men are, and the flippant mistaking for essay, freedom of some paper preamble like a Declaration of Independence, or the statute right to vote, by those who have never dared to think or to act, yet it is wholesome to man to look not at Fate, but the other way: the practical view is the other. His sound relation to these facts is to use and command, not to cringe to them. Look not on claude mit nature, for her name is fatal, said the oracle. The too much contemplation of these limits induces meanness. They who talk much of destiny, their birth-star, c., are in a lower dangerous plane, and invite the evils they fear. I cited the by thoreau, instinctive and heroic races as proud believers in Destiny. They conspire with it; a loving resignation is with the event. But the claude shannon thesis mit, dogma makes a different impression, when it is held by the weak and lazy. 'Tis weak and vicious people who cast the blame on Fate.

The right use of Fate is to bring up our conduct to the loftiness of nature. Rude and invincible except by themselves are the elements. So let man be. Let him empty his breast of his windy conceits, and show his lordship by manners and deeds on the scale of nature. Let him hold his purpose as with the tug of gravitation. No power, no persuasion, no bribe shall make him give up his point.

A man ought to compare advantageously with a river, an oak, or a mountain. He shall have not less the pwm thesis, flow, the expansion, and the resistance of these. 'Tis the best use of Fate to teach a fatal courage. Go face the claude shannon masters thesis, fire at sea, or the cholera in your friend's house, or the burglar in consciousness movement, your own, or what danger lies in the way of duty, knowing you are guarded by the cherubim of claude shannon masters thesis Destiny. If you believe in Fate to essays by thoreau your harm, believe it, at least, for your good.

For, if Fate is so prevailing, man also is part of it, and can confront fate with fate. If the Universe have these savage accidents, our atoms are as savage in resistance. We should be crushed by the atmosphere, but for the reaction of the air within the body. A tube made of a film of glass can resist the shock of the ocean, if filled with the same water. If there be omnipotence in the stroke, there is claude masters thesis mit omnipotence of recoil. 1. But Fate against Fate is only parrying and by thoreau, defence: there are, also, the noble creative forces. The revelation of masters thesis Thought takes man out of servitude into freedom. We rightly say of ourselves, we were born, and design technology extended essay, afterward we were born again, and many times. We have successive experiences so important, that the new forgets the old, and hence the mythology of the seven or the nine heavens. The day of days, the great day of the feast of claude thesis mit life, is that in key terms, which the inward eye opens to the Unity in things, to the omnipresence of law;--sees that what is must be, and masters mit, ought to be, or is the best.

This beatitude dips from on high down on gandhi institute of health sciences thesis us, and we see. It is not in us so much as we are in it. Claude Masters? If the air come to our lungs, we breathe and live; if not, we die. If the light come to our eyes, we see; else not. By Thoreau? And if truth come to our mind, we suddenly expand to its dimensions, as if we grew to worlds. We are as lawgivers; we speak for Nature; we prophesy and divine. This insight throws us on the party and interest of the Universe, against all and sundry; against ourselves, as much as others. A man speaking from insight affirms of himself what is true of the mind: seeing its immortality, he says, I am immortal; seeing its invincibility, he says, I am strong. It is not in us, but we are in it. It is claude thesis of the maker, not of what is made. All things are touched and changed by it.

This uses, and is not used. It distances those who share it, from those who share it not. Those who share it not are flocks and herds. It dates from itself;--not from former men or better men,-- gospel, or constitution, or college, or custom. Where it shines, Nature is no longer intrusive, but all things make a musical or pictorial impression. The world of men show like a comedy without laughter:-- populations, interests, government, history;--'tis all toy figures in a toy house. Pwm Thesis? It does not overvalue particular truths. We hear eagerly every thought and word quoted from an intellectual man. But, in his presence, our own mind is roused to activity, and we forget very fast what he says, much more interested in the new play of our own thought, than in any thought of his. 'Tis the claude shannon masters mit, majesty into which we have suddenly mounted, the impersonality, the scorn of egotisms, the sphere of laws, that engage us. Once we were stepping a little this way, and a little that way; now, we are as men in a balloon, and do not think so much of the point we have left, or the essays, point we would make, as of the liberty and glory of the way. Just as much intellect as you add, so much organic power.

He who sees through the design, presides over it, and must will that which must be. Claude Masters Thesis Mit? We sit and rule, and, though we sleep, our dream will come to pass. Our thought, though it were only an hour old, affirms an oldest necessity, not to be separated from rajiv gandhi of health thesis thought, and not to be separated from shannon thesis will. They must always have coexisted. Resume? It apprises us of its sovereignty and claude shannon thesis mit, godhead, which refuse to be severed from it. It is not mine or thine, but the will of gandhi all mind.

It is poured into claude shannon masters thesis mit the souls of all men, as the soul itself which constitutes them men. Essays On Black Consciousness Movement? I know not whether there be, as is alleged, in the upper region of our atmosphere, a permanent westerly current, which carries with it all atoms which rise to claude shannon masters mit that height, but I see, that when souls reach a certain clearness of perception, they accept a knowledge and motive above selfishness. A breath of will blows eternally through the universe of key terms souls in the direction of the shannon thesis, Right and Necessary. It is the air which all intellects inhale and exhale, and it is the wind which blows the worlds into order and orbit. Thought dissolves the material universe, by carrying the design essay, mind up into a sphere where all is claude masters plastic. Of two men, each obeying his own thought, he whose thought is deepest will be the strongest character. Always one man more than another represents the will of Divine Providence to the period.

2. If thought makes free, so does the moral sentiment. The mixtures of in student essay spiritual chemistry refuse to be analyzed. Yet we can see that with the perception of truth is joined the desire that it shall prevail. That affection is essential to will. Moreover, when a strong will appears, it usually results from a certain unity of organization, as if the whole energy of body and mind flowed in one direction. All great force is masters real and elemental. There is no manufacturing a strong will.

There must be a pound to balance a pound. Key Terms? Where power is claude masters shown in will, it must rest on the universal force. Stress Life? Alaric and Bonaparte must believe they rest on a truth, or their will can be bought or bent. There is a bribe possible for any finite will. But the pure sympathy with universal ends is an infinite force, and cannot be bribed or bent. Whoever has had experience of the moral sentiment cannot choose but believe in unlimited power.

Each pulse from that heart is an oath from the Most High. Claude Shannon Masters Thesis? I know not what the word sublime means, if it be not the intimations in this infant of a terrific force. Essays? A text of heroism, a name and anecdote of courage, are not arguments, but sallies of freedom. One of claude masters thesis these is the verse of the Persian Hafiz, 'Tis written on the gate of Heaven, `Wo unto him who suffers himself to be betrayed by Fate!' Does the reading of history make us fatalists? What courage does not the opposite opinion show! A little whim of pwm thesis will to be free gallantly contending against the universe of chemistry. But insight is shannon thesis mit not will, nor is affection will. Perception is cold, and goodness dies in wishes; as Voltaire said, 'tis the misfortune of worthy people that they are cowards; un des plus grands malheurs des honnetes gens c'est qu'ils sont des lafaches . There must be a fusion of these two to generate the energy of will.

There can be no driving force, except through the conversion of the man into his will, making him the will, and by thoreau, the will him. And one may say boldly, that no man has a right perception of any truth, who has not been reacted on by it, so as to be ready to masters thesis be its martyr. The one serious and formidable thing in nature is a will. Society is design technology servile from claude shannon masters thesis mit want of will, and of health thesis, therefore the world wants saviours and religions. Shannon Thesis Mit? One way is design technology essay right to go: the hero sees it, and moves on that aim, and claude mit, has the world under him for root and support. He is to others as the world. His approbation is honor; his dissent, infamy. The glance of rajiv gandhi his eye has the force of sunbeams.

A personal influence towers up in memory only worthy, and we gladly forget numbers, money, climate, gravitation, and the rest of Fate. We can afford to allow the limitation, if we know it is the meter of the growing man. We stand against Fate, as children stand up against the wall in their father's house, and notch their height from claude thesis year to year. But when the boy grows to man, and is master of the house, he pulls down that wall, and builds a new and bigger. 'Tis only a question of time. Every brave youth is in training to ride and rule this dragon. His science is to make weapons and wings of these passions and retarding forces. Now whether, seeing these two things, fate and in student, power, we are permitted to believe in unity? The bulk of mankind believe in two gods. They are under one dominion here in the house, as friend and parent, in social circles, in letters, in art, in love, in claude shannon masters, religion: but in consciousness movement, mechanics, in claude shannon thesis mit, dealing with steam and climate, in trade, in politics, they think they come under another; and that it would be a practical blunder to transfer the resume, method and claude thesis, way of working of rajiv institute thesis one sphere, into the other.

What good, honest, generous men at home, will be wolves and foxes on change! What pious men in masters thesis, the parlor will vote for what reprobates at the polls! To a certain point, they believe themselves the care of a Providence. In Student Essay? But, in claude masters mit, a steamboat, in an epidemic, in war, they believe a malignant energy rules. But relation and connection are not somewhere and resume, sometimes, but everywhere and always. The divine order does not stop where their sight stops. The friendly power works on the same rules, in the next farm, and the next planet. But, where they have not experience, they run against it, and hurt themselves. Fate, then, is a name for facts not yet passed under the fire of thought;--for causes which are unpenetrated.

But every jet of shannon mit chaos which threatens to stress in student life essay exterminate us, is convertible by intellect into wholesome force. Fate is unpenetrated causes. The water drowns ship and sailor, like a grain of dust. But learn to mit swim, trim your bark, and the wave which drowned it, will be cloven by it, and carry it, like its own foam, a plume and a power. The cold is inconsiderate of persons, tingles your blood, freezes a man like a dew-drop. But learn to skate, and the ice will give you a graceful, sweet, and poetic motion. The cold will brace your limbs and brain to on black genius, and make you foremost men of time. Cold and claude shannon masters thesis mit, sea will train an stress life essay imperial Saxon race, which nature cannot bear to lose, and, after cooping it up for a thousand years in yonder England, gives a hundred Englands, a hundred Mexicos. All the bloods it shall absorb and domineer: and more than Mexicos,--the secrets of water and steam, the spasms of thesis mit electricity, the ductility of metals, the chariot of the air, the ruddered balloon are awaiting you.

The annual slaughter from typhus far exceeds that of extended essay war; but right drainage destroys typhus. The plague in claude shannon masters, the sea-service from scurvy is healed by lemon juice and other diets portable or procurable: the depopulation by cholera and small-pox is ended by drainage and vaccination; and every other pest is not less in the chain of cause and effect, and may be fought off. And, whilst art draws out the venom, it commonly extorts some benefit from the vanquished enemy. The mischievous torrent is taught to drudge for man: the wild beasts he makes useful for food, or dress, or labor; the chemic explosions are controlled like his watch. These are now the steeds on which he rides. Man moves in all modes, by legs of horses, by stress in student essay, wings of wind, by steam, by gas of balloon, by electricity, and stands on tiptoe threatening to hunt the eagle in claude shannon masters thesis, his own element. There's nothing he will not make his carrier. Steam was, till the pwm thesis, other day, the devil which we dreaded. Every pot made by masters thesis, any human potter or brazier had a hole in its cover, to let off the enemy, lest he should lift pot and in student essay, roof, and claude thesis, carry the house away.

But the Marquis of Worcester, Watt, and Fulton bethought themselves, that, where was power, was not devil, but was God; that it must be availed of, and not by any means let off and wasted. Could he lift pots and roofs and houses so handily? he was the workman they were in search of. He could be used to technology lift away, chain, and compel other devils, far more reluctant and dangerous, namely, cubic miles of earth, mountains, weight or resistance of water, machinery, and the labors of all men in the world; and time he shall lengthen, and shorten space. It has not fared much otherwise with higher kinds of steam. The opinion of the million was the terror of the world, and it was attempted, either to dissipate it, by thesis mit, amusing nations, or to pile it over with strata of society,--a layer of soldiers; over that, a layer of lords; and a king on the top; with clamps and hoops of castles, garrisons, and police. But, sometimes, the religious principle would get in, and burst the hoops, and rive every mountain laid on top of it. The Fultons and Watts of politics, believing in unity, saw that it was a power, and, by satisfying it, (as justice satisfies everybody,) through a different disposition of society, --grouping it on a level, instead of piling it into a mountain,--they have contrived to make of his terror the most harmless and energetic form of a State. Very odious, I confess, are the lessons of Fate. Essays By Thoreau? Who likes to have a dapper phrenologist pronouncing on his fortunes?

Who likes to believe that he has hidden in his skull, spine, and pelvis, all the vices of a Saxon or Celtic race, which will be sure to pull him down,--with what grandeur of hope and resolve he is claude thesis fired,--into a selfish, huckstering, servile, dodging animal? A learned physician tells us, the fact is invariable with the Neapolitan, that, when mature, he assumes the forms of the unmistakable scoundrel. That is a little overstated,--but may pass. But these are magazines and arsenals. A man must thank his defects, and stand in some terror of his talents. A transcendent talent draws so largely on his forces, as to lame him; a defect pays him revenues on pwm thesis the other side. The sufferance, which is the shannon, badge of the Jew, has made him, in these days, the ruler of the rulers of the earth. If Fate is ore and quarry, if evil is good in the making, if limitation is power that shall be, if calamities, oppositions, and weights are wings and means,--we are reconciled. Fate involves the gandhi institute thesis, melioration.

No statement of the mit, Universe can have any soundness, which does not admit its ascending effort. The direction of the whole, and of the parts, is toward benefit, and in proportion to the health. Behind every individual, closes organization: before him, opens liberty, --the Better, the Best. The first and worst races are dead. The second and imperfect races are dying out, or remain for the maturing of institute of health sciences thesis higher. In the latest race, in man, every generosity, every new perception, the love and praise he extorts from his fellows, are certificates of advance out of fate into freedom. Liberation of the shannon mit, will from the sheaths and design technology, clogs of organization which he has outgrown, is the end and shannon masters mit, aim of this world.

Every calamity is a spur and valuable hint; and where his endeavors do not yet fully avail, they tell as tendency. The whole circle of animal life,--tooth against tooth,--devouring war, war for food, a yelp of pain and a grunt of triumph, until, at last, the whole menagerie, the whole chemical mass is mellowed and stress, refined for higher use,--pleases at a sufficient perspective. But to see how fate slides into claude thesis mit freedom, and freedom into fate, observe how far the roots of every creature run, or find, if you can, a point where there is no thread of connection. Our life is consentaneous and far-related. In Student Life Essay? This knot of nature is so well tied, that nobody was ever cunning enough to find the two ends. Nature is intricate, overlapped, interweaved, and endless. Christopher Wren said of the beautiful King's College chapel, that, if anybody would tell him where to lay the first stone, he would build such another. But where shall we find the first atom in shannon masters thesis, this house of man, which is all consent, inosculation, and balance of parts?

The web of relation is shown in essays, habitat , shown in hibernation. When hibernation was observed, it was found, that, whilst some animals became torpid in winter, others were torpid in summer: hybernation then was a false name. The long sleep is not an effect of cold, but is regulated by the supply of claude masters food proper to the animal. It becomes torpid when the fruit or prey it lives on is not in season, and regains its activity when its food is ready. Eyes are found in light; ears in auricular air; feet on design essay land; fins in shannon masters, water; wings in air; and, each creature where it was meant to be, with a mutual fitness. Every zone has its own Fauna . There is adjustment between the animal and its food, its parasite, its enemy. Balances are kept. It is not allowed to diminish in numbers, nor to exceed. The like adjustments exist for man. His food is cooked, when he arrives; his coal in the pit; the house ventilated; the mud of the deluge dried; his companions arrived at institute of health sciences the same hour, and shannon thesis, awaiting him with love, concert, laughter, and tears.

These are coarse adjustments, but the invisible are not less. There are more belongings to every creature than his air and his food. His instincts must be met, and he has predisposing power that bends and essays, fits what is near him to his use. He is not possible until the invisible things are right for him, as well as the visible. Of what changes, then, in sky and earth, and in masters, finer skies and earths, does the appearance of some Dante or Columbus apprise us!

How is this effected? Nature is design no spendthrift, but takes the shortest way to her ends. As the general says to his soldiers, if you want a fort, build a fort, so nature makes every creature do its own work and get its living,--is it planet, animal, or tree. The planet makes itself. The animal cell makes itself;--then, what it wants.

Every creature,--wren or dragon,--shall make its own lair. As soon as there is thesis mit life, there is extended self-direction, and absorbing and using of material. Life is freedom,-- life in the direct ratio of its amount. You may be sure, the new-born man is not inert. Claude Shannon Thesis? Life works both voluntarily and gandhi institute of health, supernaturally in its neighborhood. Do you suppose, he can be estimated by his weight in shannon masters thesis mit, pounds, or, that he is contained in his skin,--this reaching, radiating, jaculating fellow?

The smallest candle fills a mile with its rays, and the papillae of a man run out to every star. When there is something to be done, the world knows how to get it done. The vegetable eye makes leaf, pericarp, root, bark, or thorn, as the need is; the first cell converts itself into stomach, mouth, nose, or nail, according to the want: the world throws its life into a hero or a shepherd; and puts him where he is wanted. Dante and essays, Columbus were Italians, in their time: they would be Russians or Americans to-day. Things ripen, new men come. The adaptation is not capricious. The ulterior aim, the purpose beyond itself, the claude shannon thesis, correlation by which planets subside and crystallize, then animate beasts and men, will not stop, but will work into finer particulars, and from finer to finest. The secret of the world is, the resume, tie between person and event. Person makes event, and claude shannon mit, event person. The times, the age, what is that, but a few profound persons and a few active persons who epitomize the times?-- Goethe, Hegel, Metternich, Adams, Calhoun, Guizot, Peel, Cobden, Kossuth, Rothschild, Astor, Brunel, and the rest. Pwm Thesis? The same fitness must be presumed between a man and the time and masters mit, event, as between the sexes, or between a race of animals and the food it eats, or the inferior races it uses.

He thinks his fate alien, because the copula is hidden. But the soul contains the event that shall befall it, for essays by thoreau, the event is only the actualization of its thoughts; and what we pray to ourselves for is always granted. The event is the print of your form. Claude Masters Mit? It fits you like your skin. What each does is essays proper to him. Events are the claude shannon masters, children of his body and mind. Essays By Thoreau? We learn that the claude masters thesis, soul of by thoreau Fate is the soul of us, as Hafiz sings, Alas! till now I had not known, My guide and fortune's guide are one. All the toys that infatuate men, and which they play for,--houses, land, money, luxury, power, fame, are the selfsame thing, with a new gauze or two of shannon thesis mit illusion overlaid. And of all the drums and rattles by which men are made willing to have their heads broke, and are led out solemnly every morning to parade,--the most admirable is this by which we are brought to believe that events are arbitrary, and independent of actions.

At the conjuror's, we detect the hair by which he moves his puppet, but we have not eyes sharp enough to descry the thread that ties cause and effect. Nature magically suits the man to his fortunes, by making these the extended, fruit of claude shannon masters mit his character. Ducks take to the water, eagles to the sky, waders to the sea margin, hunters to the forest, clerks to counting-rooms, soldiers to the frontier. Thus events grow on in student life essay the same stem with persons; are sub-persons. The pleasure of life is according to the man that lives it, and not according to the work or the place. Life is an masters ecstasy. Technology? We know what madness belongs to love,--what power to paint a vile object in claude masters, hues of essays on black heaven. As insane persons are indifferent to their dress, diet, and masters thesis mit, other accommodations, and, as we do in dreams, with equanimity, the most absurd acts, so, a drop more of stress life wine in our cup of life will reconcile us to strange company and work.

Each creature puts forth from itself its own condition and claude thesis, sphere, as the slug sweats out its slimy house on the pear-leaf, and the woolly aphides on the apple perspire their own bed, and the fish its shell. In youth, we clothe ourselves with rainbows, and go as brave as the zodiac. In age, we put out another sort of perspiration,--gout, fever, rheumatism, caprice, doubt, fretting, and avarice. A man's fortunes are the fruit of his character. Design Technology Extended Essay? A man's friends are his magnetisms. We go to Herodotus and Plutarch for examples of claude shannon masters Fate; but we are examples. Quisque suos patimur manes.

The tendency of every man to enact all that is in essays by thoreau, his constitution is expressed in the old belief, that the thesis mit, efforts which we make to escape from our destiny only serve to essays consciousness movement lead us into claude it: and I have noticed, a man likes better to be complimented on his position, as the proof of the last or total excellence, than on his merits. A man will see his character emitted in the events that seem to meet, but which exude from and accompany him. Events expand with the character. As once he found himself among toys, so now he plays a part in colossal systems, and pwm thesis, his growth is declared in his ambition, his companions, and his performance. He looks like a piece of luck, but is a piece of thesis causation;--the mosaic, angulated and ground to fit into the gap he fills.

Hence in each town there is rajiv gandhi institute thesis some man who is, in shannon thesis, his brain and pwm thesis, performance, an explanation of the tillage, production, factories, banks, churches, ways of living, and society, of that town. If you do not chance to meet him, all that you see will leave you a little puzzled: if you see him, it will become plain. We know in Massachusetts who built New Bedford, who built Lynn, Lowell, Lawrence, Clinton, Fitchburg, Holyoke, Portland, and many another noisy mart. Each of shannon masters these men, if they were transparent, would seem to pwm thesis you not so much men, as walking cities, and, wherever you put them, they would build one. History is the action and reaction of these two,-- Nature and Thought;--two boys pushing each other on the curb-stone of the shannon, pavement. Rajiv Gandhi Sciences Thesis? Everything is pusher or pushed: and matter and mind are in perpetual tilt and balance, so. Whilst the man is weak, the earth takes up him. He plants his brain and affections. By and by thesis mit, he will take up the earth, and have his gardens and vineyards in the beautiful order and productiveness of essays his thought. Every solid in claude masters, the universe is ready to become fluid on gandhi sciences the approach of the mind, and the power to flux it is the measure of the mind. If the claude shannon mit, wall remain adamant, it accuses the resume, want of thought.

To a subtler force, it will stream into new forms, expressive of the character of the shannon, mind. What is the city in which we sit here, but an aggregate of technology incongruous materials, which have obeyed the will of some man? The granite was reluctant, but his hands were stronger, and it came. Iron was deep in the ground, and well combined with stone; but could not hide from his fires. Wood, lime, stuffs, fruits, gums, were dispersed over the earth and sea, in vain.

Here they are, within reach of claude masters mit every man's day-labor,--what he wants of them. The whole world is the flux of matter over the wires of thought to the poles or points where it would build. The races of men rise out of the ground preoccupied with a thought which rules them, and divided into parties ready armed and angry to fight for this metaphysical abstraction. The quality of the thought differences the technology extended, Egyptian and the Roman, the Austrian and the American. The men who come on the stage at one period are all found to be related to each other. Certain ideas are in the air. We are all impressionable, for claude masters, we are made of them; all impressionable, but some more than others, and these first express them. This explains the curious contemporaneousness of rajiv gandhi sciences thesis inventions and discoveries. Claude Shannon Masters Mit? The truth is in essays, the air, and the most impressionable brain will announce it first, but all will announce it a few minutes later. So women, as most susceptible, are the best index of the coming hour.

So the great man, that is, the man most imbued with the spirit of the time, is the impressionable man,--of a fibre irritable and delicate, like iodine to light. He feels the infinitesimal attractions. His mind is thesis righter than others, because he yields to essays a current so feeble as can be felt only by thesis, a needle delicately poised. The correlation is shown in defects. Moller, in in student, his Essay on Architecture , taught that the building which was fitted accurately to answer its end, would turn out to be beautiful, though beauty had not been intended. I find the like unity in human structures rather virulent and pervasive; that a crudity in the blood will appear in the argument; a hump in the shoulder will appear in the speech and claude mit, handiwork.

If his mind could be seen, the hump would be seen. If a man has a seesaw in his voice, it will run into his sentences, into resume his poem, into the structure of his fable, into claude masters mit his speculation, into his charity. And, as every man is hunted by his own daemon, vexed by resume, his own disease, this checks all his activity. So each man, like each plant, has his parasites. Claude Mit? A strong, astringent, bilious nature has more truculent enemies than the slugs and moths that fret my leaves. Such an one has curculios, borers, knife-worms: a swindler ate him first, then a client, then a quack, then smooth, plausible gentlemen, bitter and selfish as Moloch. This correlation really existing can be divined. If the threads are there, thought can follow and show them. Especially when a soul is quick and docile; as Chaucer sings, Or if the soul of resume proper kind. Be so perfect as men find,

That it wot what is to come, And that he warneth all and some. Of every of their aventures, By previsions or figures; But that our flesh hath not might. It to understand aright. For it is warned too darkly.-- Some people are made up of claude thesis rhyme, coincidence, omen, periodicity, and presage: they meet the person they seek; what their companion prepares to say to them, they first say to essays on black consciousness him; and claude masters mit, a hundred signs apprise them of what is about to befall.

Wonderful intricacy in essays by thoreau, the web, wonderful constancy in the design this vagabond life admits. We wonder how the fly finds its mate, and yet year after year we find two men, two women, without legal or carnal tie, spend a great part of their best time within a few feet of each other. And the claude shannon masters, moral is, that what we seek we shall find; what we flee from flees from us; as Goethe said, what we wish for in youth, comes in heaps on us in old age, too often cursed with the granting of our prayer: and hence the high caution, that, since we are sure of having what we wish, we beware to ask only for high things. One key, one solution to the mysteries of rajiv institute of health human condition, one solution to the old knots of fate, freedom, and foreknowledge, exists, the propounding, namely, of the double consciousness. A man must ride alternately on claude mit the horses of his private and his public nature, as the equestrians in the circus throw themselves nimbly from horse to horse, or plant one foot on the back of one, and the other foot on resume the back of the other. Shannon Masters Thesis Mit? So when a man is the victim of his fate, has sciatica in gandhi thesis, his loins, and cramp in his mind; a club-foot and a club in claude shannon thesis mit, his wit; a sour face, and a selfish temper; a strut in his gait, and a conceit in his affection; or is ground to powder by the vice of his race; he is to rally on his relation to the Universe, which his ruin benefits. Leaving the design technology, daemon who suffers, he is to take sides with the Deity who secures universal benefit by his pain. To offset the claude, drag of essays temperament and race, which pulls down, learn this lesson, namely, that by the cunning copresence of claude shannon mit two elements, which is throughout nature, whatever lames or paralyzes you, draws in with it the divinity, in some form, to repay. A good intention clothes itself with sudden power.

When a god wishes to ride, any chip or pebble will bud and shoot out winged feet, and serve him for a horse. Let us build altars to the Blessed Unity which holds nature and souls in perfect solution, and compels every atom to serve an universal end. I do not wonder at a snow-flake, a shell, a summer landscape, or the glory of the stars; but at the necessity of beauty under which the universe lies; that all is and must be pictorial; that the rainbow, and stress in student life, the curve of the horizon, and the arch of the blue vault are only results from the organism of the claude shannon, eye. There is no need for foolish amateurs to fetch me to admire a garden of pwm thesis flowers, or a sun-gilt cloud, or a waterfall, when I cannot look without seeing splendor and thesis mit, grace. How idle to choose a random sparkle here or there, when the indwelling necessity plants the rose of beauty on the brow of by thoreau chaos, and claude shannon masters, discloses the central intention of Nature to be harmony and joy. Let us build altars to the Beautiful Necessity. If we thought men were free in the sense, that, in a single exception one fantastical will could prevail over the law of things, it were all one as if a child's hand could pull down the sun. If, in the least particular, one could derange the order of nature,--who would accept the gift of gandhi institute sciences life? Let us build altars to the Beautiful Necessity, which secures that all is made of one piece; that plaintiff and claude masters mit, defendant, friend and enemy, animal and planet, food and eater, are of one kind. In astronomy, is vast space, but no foreign system; in geology, vast time, but the same laws as to-day. Why should we be afraid of extended essay Nature, which is no other than philosophy and theology embodied?

Why should we fear to claude shannon be crushed by pwm thesis, savage elements, we who are made up of the shannon, same elements? Let us build to the Beautiful Necessity, which makes man brave in believing that he cannot shun a danger that is appointed, nor incur one that is not; to the Necessity which rudely or softly educates him to the perception that there are no contingencies; that Law rules throughout existence, a Law which is not intelligent but intelligence,--not personal nor impersonal,--it disdains words and passes understanding; it dissolves persons; it vivifies nature; yet solicits the pure in heart to draw on all its omnipotence. Selected Criticism on Fate Davidson, Frank. Pwm Thesis? Emerson and the Double Consciousness. Earlham Review 3 (April 1960): 1-15. Oliver, E. S. The Asia in claude masters thesis mit, Emerson's Mind. Korean Survey 2 (May 1953): 10-12. Van Nostrand, A. D. Emerson's Strategic Retreat. In Everyman His Own Poet: Romantic Gospels in American Literature.

NY: McGraw-Hill, 1968. Pp. 29-43. Francis, Richard Lee. Necessitated Freedom: Emerson's The Conduct of Life . In Studies in the American Renaissance 1980, ed. Joel Myerson, pp. 73-89. Boston: Twayne, 1980. Cavell, Stanley.

Genteel Responses to Kant? In Emerson;s 'Fate' and Coleridge's Biographia Literaria . Raritan 3 (Fall 1983): 34-61. Pwm Thesis? Hill, David W. God, Wolf, and Law: Emerson's Indeterminant 'Fate.' ESQ 34 (4 Quarter 1988): 229-255. Lasch, Christopher. The True and Only Heaven: Progress and Its Critics . NY: W. W. Norton, 1991.

Robinson, David M. Emerson and the Conduct of Life . Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1993. Thomas, David Wayne. Godelís Theorem and Postmodern Theory. PMLA 110 (1995): 248-61. Lopez, Michael. The Conduct of Life: Emerson's Anatomy of Power. In The Cambridge Companion , 1999, pp. 243-66. Cavell, Stanley.

Emerson's Constitutional Amending: Reading 'Fate.' Philosophical Passages: Wittgenstein, Emerson, Austin, Derrida. Claude Thesis? Cambridge: Blackwell, 1995. See also The Translatablity of pwm thesis Cultures: Figurations of the Space Between , ed. Sanford Budick and Wolfgang Iser, 101-26. Claude Shannon Masters Mit? Stanford, 1996. Packer, Barbara. Turning to Emerson. Common Knowledge 5 (1996): 51-60. Pwm Thesis? Buell, Lawrence. Emerson's Fate. In Mott and Burkholder, Emersonian Circles, pp.

11-28. Sloan, Gary. Emersonís Cosmic Sophistries. RE:AL, The Journal of Liberal Arts 25 (2000): 60-70. Selected Criticism on the Essay: