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Build Your Construction Resume with Keywords. Did you know that making one change to women, your could improve your chances of aqa gcse literature coursework mark scheme, job search success? Adding keywords will help get your resume noticed and expose you to essays women, more job opportunities. Keywords are terms that hiring managers enter when searching for resumes on speculating causes, Monster. If your resume contains keywords that match those a potential employer is essays, searching for, you have a much better chance of on war for class 10, being found. Essays Society? Your keywords continue to be helpful when an actual hiring manager reviews your resume, showing that person you have the desired qualifications for russian contest, the job. Women Society? Keywords can be categorized as follows: Job titles, especially the dissertation seminar one you are pursuing. Job-specific skills and knowledge areas. Soft skills (such as team player or leadership skills) Tools, equipment and technical applications. Industry credentials, such as certifications, licenses, training and essays women degrees.

Affiliations and columbia question union membership. Society? Keywords can appear anywhere on your resume. Use the russian contest Skills section on your Monster resume to include a comprehensive list of skill-related keywords. Think like a hiring manager: If you were hiring someone with your background, what credentials would you look for? A helpful exercise is to women, search for your target job on Monster and review the postings that come up. University Essay? Look for frequently requested skills, licenses and other useful keywords. The following are sample keywords for essays, various construction specialties. Essay Against Terrorism For Class 10? The lists are not exhaustive, as the essays society keywords you should add to your resume depend on your experience and skills.

Use the aqa gcse coursework mark scheme lists as a starting point for determining important keywords you can integrate into your own resume: Keywords Related to women, All Trades. Columbia? Soft Skills: Professionalism, results-driven, self-starter, goal-oriented, team player, communication skills, interpersonal skills, multi-tasker, honest, organized, dependable, punctual, leader, customer service. Society? Construction-Specific: Valid driver#39;s license, own hand/power tools, safe and clean working environment, regulatory and safety compliance (OSHA, ADA, UBC, HAZMAT), equipment maintenance, available for travel and flexible shifts. Bricklayer: Certified bricklayer, mason, brickmason, blockmason, stonemason, tuckpointer, interior/exterior wall layout and construction, mortar selection, mortar preparation, installation of dissertation, insulation in essays women masonry walls, radial brick laying, stone laying for seminar, industrial/residential chimneys, firebrick application to essays women society, chimneys and smokestacks, acid-resistant brick application to kilns and tanks, precision stone cutting, precision brick cutting, precision block cutting, masonry materials handling/cutting, masonry structure reinforcement, brick alignment, foundation wall layout and columbia university construction, chimney and essays women society fireplace layout and essay construction, layout/construction of women, grouted reinforced masonry walls, pavement and patio layout and contest construction, refractory brick and women society mortar materials. Carpenter: Construction carpenter, bench carpenter, rough carpenter, carpenter#39;s helper, carpenter assistant, lead carpenter, journeyman carpenter, finish carpenter, framing carpenter, general construction, restoration and remodeling, facility maintenance, residential construction, commercial construction, framing, interior/exterior finishing, blueprint reading, cabinetmaking, finish carpentry, commercial flooring, concrete flatwork, painting, construction quality assurance, reading construction plans, tile installation, floor installation, cabinet installation, construction repair, window-frame and eraserhead essay door fitting/installation, building foundation preparation, beam/girder/footing form installation, roof construction, wall and ceiling covering application, trim/door/baseboard/molding installation, wall/ceiling/flooring erection and insulation, materials selection/cutting/shaping. Essays Women Society? Construction Manager: Construction supervisor, construction project manager, project superintendent, construction foreman, assistant construction supervisor, project management, commercial construction, industrial construction, residential construction, construction supervisor#39;s license, plan reading, Work Breakdown Structures (WBS), ground-up projects, subcontractor recruitment/supervision, enforcement of codes and against for class 10 safety regulations, structural engineering drawings, job site supervision safety, project estimating/bidding, workflow project scheduling, Critical Path Methods (CPMs), project funding, materials ordering, budgeting pro-formas, quality control, architectural design, blueprint reading, land acquisition, MS Project, AutoCAD. Essays Society? Construction Worker/Laborer: Construction laborer, construction helper, general laborer, heavy construction projects, construction machines and critical tools, construction site cleaning and prep, demolition, backfill excavations, scaffolding building, asbestos removal, propane/oxygen/acetylene torches, heavy machinery operation, cement mixer, forklifts, backhoes, cranes, cable trucks, hydra-lift trucks, haul trucks, use of levels, repetitive heavy lifting. Electrician: Electric motor/switch assembler and repairer, electronic equipment installer/repairer, electrical power-line installer/repairer, electrician#39;s helper, electrician assistant, commercial electrician, maintenance electrician, certified electrician, journeyman electrician, electric meter installer/repairer, electrical engineer, avionics technician, electrical technician, schematic diagram interpretation, blueprint reading and essays interpretation, control circuit troubleshooting, 120V, 480/277V, VFDs, individual sensors, level probes, thermocouples, RTD, 3-phase AC motors, drive systems, electrical testing equipment, logic schematics, mechanical aptitude, welding equipment, air compressors, HVAC systems, vacuum pumps, programmable logic controller (PLC) systems, Allen Bradley PLC Systems, motor controls, pneumatics, hydraulics, mechanical systems, welding systems, project management (PM), SLC-5 series, rsnetworx, Control Logix, DH+, process control instrumentation, I/P, PID, voltage troubleshooting, standard wiring practices, National Electrical Codes (NEC), AC/DC control circuit troubleshooting. Essay For Class? Ironworker: Steel worker, metal fabricator, presser, production worker, rebar worker, drawing and schematic reading and essays women society interpretation, rigging assembly, heavy equipment moving, cable attachments, steel unit positioning and alignment, pre-fabricated structure assembly, reinforcing bar and tension cable laying and connecting, steel cutting and positioning, concrete reinforcement, ornamental ironwork installation, robotic equipment, mag drills, Hogan drills, grinders, hydraulic tools.

Mason: Stonemason, brickmason, blockmason, bricklayer, tile and mellon seminar marble setter, cement mason, concrete finisher, stucco mason, plaster mason, junior mason, mason apprentice, journeyman mason, cornering, lead construction, course construction, mortar selection and preparation, brick and stone sizing/cutting, natural and manmade stone materials, granite/limestone/marble masonry, concrete masonry, brick masonry, wedges, plumblines, levelers, wall and women floor construction, chimney and fireplace construction, residential and columbia university essay question commercial construction, stone laying, brick laying, precision cutting, brick and essays society stone alignment, blueprint reading. University Essay Question? Painter: House painter, prep painter, industrial painter, commercial painter, residential painter, sheetrock taper, HVLP liquid painting, drywall patcher, interior and exterior surfaces, painting equipment/spray guns, paint mixing ratios, plaster installation, prepare/seal/prime surfaces, cost estimation. Plumber: Journeyman plumber, master plumber, drain technician, plumber gasfitter, industrial plumber, service plumber, residential service plumber, commercial services plumber, licensed tradesman plumber, licensed plumber, plumber#39;s helper, journey license, master plumber#39;s license, equipment maintenance, high-rise, tilt-up, estimating, new construction, plumbing system installation and testing, licensed backflow tester, underground plumbing and piping systems, steam systems, boiler installation, jetter experience, water treatment systems installation, industrial piping, gas piping, sprinkler systems, rough-in, gas lines, emergency service, pipes and essays women pipe fittings, blueprint reading, pipe cutters, cutting torch, threading machine, bending machine, preventive maintenance. Essay? Roofer: Roofer, roofer#39;s helper, roofing assistant, roofing assembler/repairer, sheet metal roofer, roof technician, roof installation, safety and code requirements, equipment/tool maintenance, blueprint reading, roof damage assessment, roof design and society construction, roof repair, material requirements calculations, correcting structural/insulation/waterproofing deficiencies, roof decking preparation, laying insulation and waterproofing materials, flashing and columbia drain installation, conducting drainage and essays waterproofing tests, coordinating with building inspectors, preventive maintenance, project management, quality assurance. Surveyor: Registered land surveyor, surveying technician, cartographer, survey researcher, mapping technician, land surveying, survey computations, subdivision mapping, deed descriptions, GPS/GIS systems and aqa gcse english literature coursework scheme tools, client management, project management, civil engineering, environmental engineering, cost estimates, workplan preparation, permit preparation, excavation drill equipment, subcontractor selection/supervision, geologic and hydrogeologic interpretations, risk assessment, remediation feasibility testing, data analysis, report preparation, AutoCAD, land development desktop software, topographic data collection, CADD mapping, robotic total stations (e.g., Leica, Topcon, Nikon, Geodimeter). Society? Welder: Structural welder, pipe welder, welder/fitter, welder apprentice, journeyman welder, AWS Certified Welding Inspector, ASME certified, Certified Mig Tig Welder, metallurgy testing, arc, tig, mig, resistance, solid state, electroslag, stick, flux core, cutting torches, welding torches, welding guns, steel treatment processes, carbon, sheet metal/tubing fabrication, AWS/ASME guidelines, blueprint reading, JLT sheets, EZ Pipe.

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Society Essays | Free Essays on Society

colgate sample essay Dasani’s Homeless Life data-summary=There are more than 22,000 homeless children in a city with the greatest concentration of wealth in America. data-pubdate=Published: December 9, 2013 S he wakes to the sound of breathing. The smaller children lie tangled beside her, their chests rising and essays society, falling under winter coats and wool blankets. Columbia University Essay? A few feet away, their mother and father sleep near the mop bucket they use as a toilet. Two other children share a mattress by the rotting wall where the mice live, opposite essays society the baby, whose crib is warmed by a hair dryer perched on a milk crate. Slipping out from her covers, the oldest girl sits at the window. On mornings like this, she can see all the russian contest way across Brooklyn to society the Empire State Building, the first New York skyscraper to reach 100 floors.

Her gaze always stops at that iconic temple of stone, its tip pointed celestially, its facade lit with promise. “It makes me feel like there’s something going on out there,” says the 11-year-old girl, never one for patience. This child of New York is columbia, always running before she walks. She likes being first the first to be born, the first to go to school, the first to make the honor roll. Even her name, Dasani, speaks of women, a certain reach. Seminar? The bottled water had come to Brooklyn’s bodegas just before she was born, catching the fancy of her mother, who could not afford such indulgences. It hinted at a different, upwardly mobile clientele, a set of essays, newcomers who over the next decade would transform the against in pakistan for class 10 borough. Dasani’s own neighborhood, Fort Greene, is now one of gentrification’s gems. Essays Women Society? Her family lives in the Auburn Family Residence, a decrepit city-run shelter for the homeless.

It is a place where mold creeps up walls and roaches swarm, where feces and vomit plug communal toilets, where sexual predators have roamed and small children stand guard for their single mothers outside filthy showers. It is no place for children. Yet Dasani is among 280 children at the shelter. Beyond its walls, she belongs to speculating about essays a vast and invisible tribe of more than 22,000 homeless children in New York, the essays highest number since the Great Depression, in the most unequal metropolis in America. Nearly a quarter of eraserhead, Dasani’s childhood has unfolded at essays Auburn, where she shares a 520-square-foot room with her parents and seven siblings. As they begin to eraserhead critical stir on essays women society this frigid January day, Dasani sets about her chores. Her mornings begin with Baby Lele, whom she changes, dresses and feeds, checking that the russian contest formula distributed by the shelter is not, once again, expired.

She then wipes down the family’s small refrigerator, stuffed with lukewarm milk, Tropicana grape juice and women, containers of essay, leftover Chinese. After tidying the women society dresser drawers she shares with a sister, Dasani rushes her younger siblings onto the school bus. “I have a lot on my plate,” she says, taking inventory: The fork and spoon are her parents and the macaroni, her siblings except for Baby Lele, who is a plump chicken breast. “So that’s a lot on my plate with some corn bread,” she says. Literature Coursework Scheme? “That’s a lot on women society my plate.” Dasani guards her feelings closely, dispensing with anger through humor. Beneath it all is a child whose existence is defined by her siblings. Her small scrub-worn hands are always tying shoelaces or doling out seminar peanut butter sandwiches, taking the ends of the loaf for women, herself. The bond is inescapable. Essay In Pakistan 10? In the presence of her brothers and sisters, Dasani has no peace.

Without them, she is essays women, incomplete. Today, Dasani rides the essay on war in pakistan creaky elevator to the lobby and essays, walks past the guards, the metal detector and the tall, iron fence that envelops what she calls “the jail.” She steps into about the light, and is met by the worn brick facade of the Walt Whitman projects across the street. She heads east along Myrtle Avenue and, three blocks later, has crossed into another New York: the society shaded, graceful abode of Fort Greene’s brownstones, which fetch millions of dollars. “Black is beautiful, black is me,” she sings under her breath as her mother trails behind. Dasani suddenly stops, puzzling at the pavement. Its condition, she notes, is clearly superior on this side of Myrtle.

“Worlds change real fast, don’t it?” her mother says. In the short span of columbia university question, Dasani’s life, her city has been reborn. The skyline soars with luxury towers, beacons of women society, a new gilded age. More than 200 miles of fresh bike lanes connect commuters to high-tech jobs, passing through upgraded parks and avant-garde projects like the university essay question High Line and Jane’s Carousel. Posh retail has spread from women society, its Manhattan roots to the city’s other boroughs. These are the crown jewels of Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg’s long reign, which began just seven months after Dasani was born. In the shadows of this renewal, it is about essays, Dasani’s population who have been left behind. The ranks of the poor have risen, with almost half of New Yorkers living near or below the poverty line.

Their traditional anchors affordable housing and jobs that pay a living wage have weakened as the city reorders itself around the whims of the wealthy. Long before Mayor-elect Bill de Blasio rose to power by women society, denouncing the city’s inequality, children like Dasani were being pushed further into the margins, and not just in New York. Mellon Dissertation? Cities across the nation have become flash points of polarization, as one population has bounced back from the recession while another continues to struggle. One in five American children is now living in poverty, giving the United States the highest child poverty rate of any developed nation except for Romania. This bodes poorly for women, the future. Columbia Essay? Decades of research have shown the staggering societal costs of essays women, children in poverty. Mellon? They grow up with less education and lower earning power. They are more likely to essays women society have drug addiction, psychological trauma and disease, or wind up in aqa gcse english prison. Dasani does not need the proof of abstract research. Essays Society? All of about, these plights run through her family. Her future is further threatened by the fact of her homelessness, which has been shown, even in short spells, to bring disastrous consequences.

Dasani’s circumstances are largely the outcome of parental dysfunction. While nearly one-third of New York’s homeless children are supported by essays women society, a working adult, her mother and aqa gcse english coursework scheme, father are unemployed, have a history of women, arrests and are battling drug addiction. Yet Dasani’s trials are not solely of her parents’ making. For Class 10? They are also the society result of decisions made a world away, in the marble confines of City Hall. With the economy growing in 2004, the Bloomberg administration adopted sweeping new policies intended to push the homeless to become more self-reliant.

They would no longer get priority access to public housing and other programs, but would receive short-term help with rent. Eraserhead Critical Essay? Poor people would be empowered, the essays mayor argued, and homelessness would decline. But the opposite happened. As rents steadily rose and low-income wages stagnated, chronically poor families like Dasani’s found themselves stuck in russian essay contest a shelter system with fewer exits. Society? Families are now languishing there longer than ever a development that Mr. Bloomberg explained by critical, saying shelters offered “a much more pleasurable experience than they ever had before.” Just three days before the mayor made that comment at a news conference in essays women society August 2012, an inspector at in pakistan Auburn stopped by Dasani’s crowded room, noting that a mouse was “running around and going into essays women the walls,” which had “many holes.” “Please assist,” the inspector added. “There is infant in room.” Dasani was about to start sixth grade at a promising new school.

This would be a pivotal year of her childhood one already marked by essay, more longing and loss than most adults ever see. A tangle of three dramas had yet to essays unspool. There was the question of whether Dasani’s family would remain intact. Essay Contest? Her mother had just been reunited with the children on the condition that she and her husband stay off drugs. The city’s Administration for Children’s Services was watching closely. Any slips, and the siblings could wind up in foster care, losing their parents and, most likely, one another.

The family’s need for a home was also growing desperate. The longer they stayed in that one room, the women society more they seemed to fall apart. Yet rents were impossibly high in the city, and a quarter-million people were waiting for the rare vacancy in public housing. Families like Dasani’s had been leaving the state. This was the year, then, that her parents made a promise: to russian essay contest save enough money to go somewhere else, maybe as far as the Pocono Mountains, in Pennsylvania. Dasani could close her eyes and see it. “It’s quiet and it’s a lot of grass.”

In the absence of this long-awaited home, there was only school. But it remained to women be seen whether Dasani’s new middle school, straining under budget cuts, could do enough to critical essay fill the voids of her life. For children like Dasani, school is not just a place to cultivate a hungry mind. It is a refuge. The right school can provide routine, nourishment and the guiding hand of responsible adults. But school also had its perils. Dasani was hitting the age when girls prove their worth through fighting.

And she was her mother’s daughter, a fearless fighter. She was also on the cusp of becoming something more, something she could feel but not yet see, if only the essays women right things happened and the right people came along. D asani is a short, wiry girl whose proud posture overwhelms her 4-foot-8 frame. She has a delicate, oval face and luminous brown eyes that watch everything, owl-like. Her expression veers from wonder to mischief. Strangers often remark on eraserhead critical essay her beauty her high cheekbones and smooth skin but the comments never seem to register.

What she knows is that she has been blessed with perfect teeth. In a family where braces are the stuff of fantasy, having good teeth is a lottery win. On the subway, Dasani can blend in with children who are better off. Essays Women Society? It is an ironic fact of being poor in a rich city that the donated garments Dasani and her siblings wear lend them the veneer of affluence, at least from a distance. Used purple Uggs and columbia question, Patagonia fleeces cover thinning socks and fraying jeans. A Phil Teds rain cover, fished from a garbage bin, protects Baby Lele’s rickety stroller. Dasani tells herself that brand names don’t matter.

She knows such yearnings will go unanswered, so better not to have them. Women Society? But once in a while, when by some miracle her mother produces a new pair of Michael Jordan sneakers, Dasani finds herself succumbing to essay contest the same exercise: She wears them sparingly, and essays women society, only indoors, hoping to keep them spotless. It never works. Best to try to blend in, she tells herself, while not caring when you don’t. She likes being small because “I can slip through things.” In the blur of her city’s crowded streets, she is just another face. Essay? What people do not see is a homeless girl whose mother succumbed to crack more than once, whose father went to prison for essays, selling drugs, and whose cousins and aunts have become the anonymous casualties of gang shootings, AIDS and domestic violence.

Dasani speaks with certainty. She often begins a sentence with “Mommy say” before reciting, verbatim, some new bit of learned wisdom, such as “camomile tea cures a bad stomach” or “that lady is a dope fiend.” She likes facts. Contest? She rarely wavers, or hints at women society doubt, even as her life is consumed by it. When strangers are near, Dasani refers to Auburn as “that place.” It is separate from her, and distant. Eraserhead? But in the company of her siblings, she calls it “the house,” transforming a crowded room into an imaginary home. In reality, Auburn is neither. The forbidding, 10-story brick building, which dates back almost a century, was formerly Cumberland Hospital, one of seven public hospitals that closed because of the city’s 1970s fiscal crisis. In 1985, the city repurposed the former hospital into a shelter for families. This was the dawn of the period known as “modern homelessness,” driven by wage stagnation, Reagan-era cutbacks and the rising cost of homes. Women? By the time Mayor Bloomberg took office in 2002, New York’s homeless population had reached 31,063 a record for the city, which is legally obligated to provide shelter. Among the literature mark scheme city’s 152 family shelters, Auburn became known as a place of last resort, a dreaded destination for the chronically homeless.

City and state inspectors have repeatedly cited the shelter for deplorable conditions, including sexual misconduct by staff members, spoiled food, asbestos exposure, lead paint and vermin. Women? Auburn has no certificate of occupancy, as required by law, and lacks an operational plan that meets state regulations. Most of the shelter’s smoke detectors and alarms have been found to be inoperable. There are few signs that children live at Auburn. Locked gates prevent them from setting foot on the front lawn. In a city that has invested millions of dollars in new “green spaces,” Auburn’s is often overrun with weeds. Inside, prepackaged meals are served in a cafeteria where Dasani and her siblings wait in university one line for their food before heading to another line to heat it in one of two microwaves that hundreds of residents share. Tempers fly and fights explode.

The routine can last more than an hour before the children take their first bite. The family’s room is the scene of essays society, debilitating chaos: stacks of contest, dirty laundry, shoes stuffed under a mattress, bicycles and coats piled high. Essays? To the essay left of the door, beneath a decrepit sink where Baby Lele is bathed, the wall has rotted through, leaving a long, dark gap where mice congregate. A few feet away, Dasani’s legally blind, 10-year-old sister, Nijai, sleeps on a mattress that has come apart at the seams, its rusted coils splayed. Hand-washed clothes line the women society guards on the windows, which are shaded by gray wool blankets strung from the ceiling.

A sticky fly catcher dangles overhead, dotted with dead insects. There is no desk or chair in the room just a maze of eraserhead essay, mattresses and dressers. A flat-screen television rests on two orange milk crates. To eat, the children sit on essays women society the cracked linoleum floor, which never feels clean no matter how much they mop. Speculating? Homework is essays women, a challenge. The shelter’s one recreation room can hardly accommodate Auburn’s hundreds of children, leaving Dasani and her siblings to study, hunched over, on their mattresses. Sometimes it feels like too many bodies sharing the same air. “There’s no space to breathe ’cause they breathe up all the oxygen,” Dasani says. She carves out essay on war against terrorism in pakistan 10 small, sacred spaces: a portion of the essays floor at mealtime, an upturned crate by the window, a bathroom stall. The children spend hours at the playgrounds of the surrounding housing projects, where a subtle hierarchy is at essay work.

If they are seen enough times emerging from Auburn, they are pegged as the neighborhood’s outliers, the so-called shelter boogies. Nothing gnaws at Dasani more. A mucus-stained nose suggests a certain degradation, not just the absence of tissues, but of women society, a parent willing to wipe or a home so unclean that a runny nose makes no difference. Dasani and university essay question, her siblings can get hungry enough to lose their concentration in school, but they are forever wiping one another’s noses. When Dasani hears “shelter boogies,” all she can think to say is what her mother always tells her that Auburn is “just a pit stop.” “But you will live in the projects forever, as will your kids’ kids, and your kids’ kids’ kids.” She knows the essays women battle is asymmetrical. The projects may represent all kinds of inertia. Essay Terrorism In Pakistan 10? But to live at Auburn is to admit the ultimate failure: the inability of one’s parents to meet that most basic need. D asani ticks through their faces, the girls from the projects who might turn up at this new school. Some are kind enough not to women gossip about where she lives. University Essay? #9632; The others might be distracted by women, the sheer noise of this first day the eraserhead start of essays women, sixth grade, the about causes essays new uniform, the essays society new faces.

She will hopefully slip by those girls unseen. She approaches the school’s steps on critical essay a clear September morning. Essays Society? Fresh braids fall to one side of university essay, her face, clipped by essays, bright yellow bows. Essay In Pakistan For Class 10? Her required polo and khakis have been pressed with a hair straightener, since Auburn forbids irons. Her heart is pounding. She will be sure to take a circuitous route home. She will focus in class and essays women society, mind her manners in the schoolyard. She only has to climb those steps. “Come on, there’s nothing to be scared about,” her 34-year-old mother, Chanel, finally says, nudging Dasani up the eraserhead essay stairs.

She passes through the metal detector, joining 507 other middle and high school students at society the Susan S. McKinney Secondary School of the against terrorism in pakistan for class 10 Arts. Housed in a faded brick building two blocks from Auburn, McKinney is women, a poor-kids’ version of mellon dissertation, LaGuardia Arts, the elite Manhattan public school that inspired the television series “Fame.” Threadbare curtains adorn its theater. Stage props are salvaged from essays society, a nearby trash bin. Eraserhead? Dance class is so crowded that students practice in intervals. An air of possibility permeates the women school, named after the russian contest first African-American woman to become a physician in New York State. There is Officer Jamion Andrews, the women security guard who moonlights as a rap lyricist, and Zakiya Harris, the dance teacher who runs a studio on the side. And there is Faith Hester, the columbia question comedic, eyelash-batting humanities teacher who wrote a self-help book titled “Create a Life You Love Living” and fancies her own reality show. The children also strive.

Among them is a voice that periodically lifts the school with a “Madama Butterfly” aria. When the students hear it, they know that Jasmine, a sublimely gifted junior, is singing in the office of the women society principal, Paula Holmes. The school matriarch closes her eyes as she listens. It may be her only tranquil moment. Miss Holmes is a towering woman, by turns steely and soft. She wears a Bluetooth like a permanent earring and tends toward power suits.

She has been at McKinney’s helm for 15 years and runs the school like a naval ship, peering down its gleaming hallways as if searching the seas for enemy vessels. Students stammer in her presence. Speculating Essays? She leaves her office door permanently open, like a giant, unblinking eye. A poster across the hall depicts a black man in sagging jeans standing before the White House, opposite President Obama. “To live in this crib,” the poster reads, “you have to look the part.” Miss Holmes has no tolerance for sagging sartorial, attitudinal or otherwise. McKinney’s roots run deep.

Dasani’s own grandmother studied there as a girl. Most of the middle school students are black, live in the surrounding projects and essays women society, qualify for russian essay, free or reduced meals. They eat in essays society shifts in the school’s basement cafeteria, watched over by the avuncular Frank Heyward, who blasts oldies from literature, a boombox, telling students, “I got shoes older than you.” For all of essays society, McKinney’s pluck, its burdens are great. In the last six years, the city has cut the school’s budget by essay question, a quarter as its population declined. Fewer teachers share a greater load. After-school resources have thinned, but not the needs of students whose families are torn apart by gun violence and essays women, drug use. McKinney’s staff psychologist shuttles between three schools like a firefighter.

And now, a charter school is angling to move in. If successful, it will eventually claim McKinney’s treasured top floor, home to its theater class, dance studio and art lab. Dissertation Seminar? Teachers and parents are bracing for essays women society, battle, announced by fliers warning against the “apartheid” effects of a charter co-location. Dasani knows about charter schools. Her former school, P.S. 67, shared space with one. She never spoke to dissertation seminar those children, whose classrooms were stocked with new computers.

Dasani’s own school was failing by society, the time she left. At McKinney, Dasani quickly draws the notice of the dissertation older students, and not because she is short, though the nickname “Shorty” sticks. Women Society? It is her electricity. When they dote on her, she giggles. But say the wrong thing and she turns fierce, letting the four-letter words fly. It is still September when Dasani’s temper lands her in the principal’s office. “Please don’t call my mother,” Dasani whispers. Miss Holmes is about, seated in women a rolling pleather chair held together by duct tape. Mellon? She stares at the anguished girl. She has been at women society McKinney long enough to know when a child’s transgressions at school might bring a beating at critical essay home. The principal slowly scoots her chair up to Dasani and leans within inches of her face.

From that day forward, Dasani will be on her best behavior. In turn, Miss Holmes will keep what happens at women society school in school. With that, she waves Dasani off, fighting the urge to smile. She can’t help but like this feisty little girl. D asani closes her eyes and tilts her head toward the ceiling of her classroom. She has missed breakfast again. #9632; She tries to drift. She sees Florida. For a child who has never been to essay against in pakistan the beach, television ads are transporting. Essays Society? She is walking in the sand. She crashes into the waves.

“Dasaaaaaani!” her teacher sings out. She opens her eyes. There is Miss Hester, batting those lashes. Both she and another teacher, Kenya Mabry, were raised in the projects. They dress and talk with a polish that impresses Dasani, who studies them. Miss Hester is also watching Dasani. She does not yet know where Dasani lives, or how hungry she gets. But Miss Hester finds two things striking: how late she arrives some mornings and aqa gcse coursework mark scheme, how capable this girl is in spite of it. Without even trying, she keeps up. Dasani possesses what adults at McKinney consider an intuitive approach to learning, the kind that comes when rare smarts combine with extreme life circumstances. Her intelligence is “uncanny” and “far surpasses peers her age,” one counselor writes. “Student is continuously using critical analysis to reflect upon situations and women, interactions.”

Principal Holmes is also taking note. She can already see in this “precocious little button” the kind of girl who could be anything even a Supreme Court justice if only aqa gcse english literature, she harnesses her gifts early enough. “Dasani has something that hasn’t even been unleashed yet,” Miss Holmes says. “It’s still being cultivated.” For now, Dasani’s most honed skill might be obfuscation. She works hard to society hide her struggles, staying quiet as other children brag about their new cellphones or sleepovers with friends. If there is one place she feels free, it is dance class.

When she walks into McKinney’s studio, and the music starts, her body releases whatever she is feeling. “When I’m happy I dance fast,” she says. “When I’m sad I dance slow. When I’m upset I dance both.” Dasani has been dancing for as long as she can remember, well before she earned her first dollar a few years ago break-dancing in Times Square. But the study of dance, as something practiced rather than spontaneous, this is new. She is learning to point her toes like a ballerina, and to fall back into a graceful bridge. Perhaps it is no accident that amid the aqa gcse english literature scheme bedlam of Dasani’s home life the missed welfare appointments and piles of unwashed clothes she is women society, drawn to a craft of discipline. Here, in this room, time is kept and routines are mapped with precision and focus.

Dasani never tires of rehearsing the same moves, or scrutinizing more experienced dancers. Her gaze is often fixed on on war for class 10 a tall, limber eighth grader named Sahai. Sahai is the women society middle school’s valedictorian. Dissertation? A breathtaking dancer, she has long silky hair and carries herself like a newly crowned queen. She is a girl with enough means to accessorize elegantly. When Dasani looks at women Sahai, she is on war against terrorism for class 10, taking the measure of all she is not.

You can be popular in society one of three ways, Dasani’s mother always says. Contest? Dress fly. Do good in school. Fight. The first option is out of the essays women society question. While Dasani clings to her uniform, other students wear coveted Adidas hoodies and Doc Marten boots. In dance class, Dasani does not even have a leotard. So she applies herself in about essays school. “I have a lot of possibility,” she says. “I do.”

Her strongest subject is English, where a poem she writes is women society, tacked to a teacher’s wall. By October, she is on the honor roll, just as her life at Auburn is coming apart. I t is something of an art to sleep among nine other people. Eraserhead Critical Essay? One learns not to hear certain sounds or smell certain smells. #9632; But some things still intrude on Dasani’s sleep. Essays Society? There is the ceaseless drip of that decaying sink, and the scratching of hungry mice. It makes no difference when the family lays out traps and hangs its food from the ceiling in a plastic bag. Auburn’s mice always return, as stubborn as the “ghetto squirrels,” in Chanel’s lingo, that forage the trash for Chinese fried chicken. Dasani shares a twin mattress and three dresser drawers with her mischievous and portly sister, Avianna, only one year her junior. Their 35-year-old stepfather, Supreme, has raised them as his own. They consider him their father and call him Daddy. Supreme married Chanel nine years earlier, bringing two children from a previous marriage.

The boy, Khaliq, had trouble speaking. He had been trapped with his dead, pregnant mother after she fell down a flight of stairs. The girl, Nijai, had a rare genetic eye disease and was going blind. They were the same tender ages as Dasani and Avianna, forming a homeless Brady Bunch as Supreme and Chanel had four more children. Two of Dasani’s half-sisters, 7-year-old Maya and 6-year-old Hada, share the mattress to her right. The 5-year-old they call Papa sleeps by himself because he wets the bed. In the contest crib is Baby Lele, who is essays society, tended to by Dasani when her parents are listless from their daily dose of speculating about causes essays, methadone.

Chanel and society, Supreme take the synthetic opioid as part of their drug treament program. It has essentially become a substitute addiction. The more time they spend in this room, the smaller it feels. Dissertation? Nothing stays in order. Essays Women Society? Everything is exposed marital spats, frayed underwear, the onset of essay contest, puberty, the mischief other children hide behind closed doors. Supreme paces erratically.

Chanel cannot check her temper. For Dasani and her siblings, to act like rambunctious children is to society risk a beating. By late fall, Chanel and Supreme are fighting daily about money. It has been years since Supreme lost his job as a barber and Chanel stopped working as a janitor for the parks department. He cuts hair inside the dissertation shelter and sells pirated DVDs on the street while she hawks odds and ends from women, discount stores.

In a good month, their combined efforts can bring in a few hundred dollars. This is not one of those times. Supreme is speculating about, keeping tight control of the family’s welfare income $1,285 in food stamps and $1,122 in survivor benefits for his first wife’s death. He refuses to give Chanel cash for laundry. Soon, all of Dasani’s uniforms are stained. At school, she is now wearing donated clothes and her hair is unkempt, inviting the dreaded designation of “nappy.” Rumors are circulating about where she lives. Only six of the middle school’s 157 students reside in shelters. When the truth about Dasani emerges, she does nothing to contradict it. She is a proud girl.

She must find a way to turn the truth, like other unforeseeable calamities, in society her favor. She begins calling herself “ghetto.” She dares the girls to fight her and challenges the boys to arm-wrestle, flexing the dissertation biceps she has built doing pull-ups in Fort Greene Park. The boys watch slack-jawed as Dasani demonstrates the push-ups she has also mastered, earning her the nickname “muscle girl.” Her teachers are flummoxed. They assume that she has shed her uniform because she is trying to act tough. In fact, the reverse is true. A chilly, November wind whips across Auburn Place, rustling the plastic cover of a soiled mattress in women a trash bin outside the shelter. #9632; Chanel and Supreme stand nearby, waiting for english literature coursework mark scheme, their children to come from school. They are still short on cash.

The children had pitched in $5.05, from collecting cans and bottles over the weekend. Chanel inspects the mattress. Clean, it might fetch $10. But it is stained with feces. Janitors wearing masks and society, gloves had removed it from a squalid room where three small children lived, defecating on contest the floor. Essays Women Society? Their mother rarely bathed them, and they had no shoes on the day she gathered them in a hurry and russian essay contest, left. “You can smell it?” Chanel asks Supreme. “No, I can see it,” he says, curling his lip. “Those are the essays people that they need to terrorism in pakistan for class be calling A.C.S. on,” Chanel says. At the shelter, the abbreviation for the Administration for Children’s Services is uttered with the same kind of alarm that the C.I.A. can stoke overseas. “Nasty girl,” Chanel says, scrunching her nose.

Everyone knows Chanel. She weighs 215 pounds and her face is a constellation of freckles lit by a gaptoothed smile. She wraps her copper-hued hair in essays women society a tubular scarf. The street is her domain. When she walks, people often step to the side not in deference to her ample frame so much as her magisterial air.

Chanel is in everyone’s business, scoping out snitches, offering homeopathic remedies, tattling on a girl’s first kiss. A five-minute walk through Fulton Mall can take Chanel hours for mellon, all the society greetings, gossip, recriminations and about causes essays, nostalgia. Women? She has a remarkable nose for literature scheme, people, sniffing out phoniness in seconds. Those who smile too much are wearing “a frown turned upside down.” She is often spoiling for a fight, or leaving people in the stitches of laughter. While others want the essays life of the music mogul Jay-Z, Chanel would settle for being his pet. Aqa Gcse Literature? “Just let me be the dog. I don’t care where you put me.” When Chanel laughs, she tilts her head back and unleashes a thunderous cackle. Dasani can detect her mother’s laugh from blocks away. Today, she returns from school lugging a plastic bag of clothes donated by a security guard at McKinney. Dasani begins rummaging through the bag.

She pulls out essays women society a white Nautica ski jacket and aqa gcse literature mark, holds it up to her shoulders. It is too wide, but she likes it. “It’s dirty,” she says forgivingly. “Look, Mommy!” she says, modeling her new coat. “That fits you real nice,” Chanel coos. Suddenly, Supreme leaps into the air. His monthly benefits have arrived, announced by a recording on his prepaid welfare phone. He sets off to women reclaim his gold teeth from the pawnshop and buy new boots for the children at Cookie’s, a favored discount store in essay on war against in pakistan for class Fulton Mall. The money will be gone by week’s end. Supreme and Chanel have been scolded about their lack of financial discipline in countless meetings with the city agencies that monitor the family. But when that monthly check arrives, Supreme and Chanel do not think about abstractions like “responsibility” and “self-reliance.” They lose themselves in the delirium that a round of ice creams brings.

They feel the women sudden, exquisite release born of wearing those gold fronts again of appearing like a person who has rather than a person who lacks. The next day, Dasani goes to school wearing her new Cookie’s boots. Feeling amped, she gets into against terrorism a verbal spat with some boys in gym class and society, must spend her lunch hour in the principal’s office. Miss Holmes glowers at Dasani, who tries to essay on war in pakistan for class 10 leaven the society mood by bragging about her place on the honor roll. Essay Against In Pakistan For Class 10? The principal is unmoved. Dasani still has a B average. “I want the highest end of the honor roll,” Miss Holmes says. Essays Women? “I want more. You have to essays want more, too.” Dasani stares at her tray. The discussion returns to her behavior in gym class. “While we care for you, we’re not going to essays women take any crap,” Miss Holmes says. “You understand?”

Trying not to cry, Dasani examines her food a slice of cheese pizza, chocolate milk, a red apple. She wrinkles her nose. Miss Holmes has seen it before, the child too proud to show hunger. “Can you hurry up?” Miss Holmes says. “The drama with the pizza is not working for me.” “I’ll feed you,” Miss Holmes says. “I will feed you. You don’t think I’ll feed you? Bring the tray.” Dasani slowly lifts the pizza slice to her mouth, cracking a smile.

Miss Holmes has seen plenty of speculating causes essays, distressed children, but few have both the essays depth of Dasani’s troubles and the height of her promise. There is not much Miss Holmes can do about life outside school. She knows this is a child who needs a sponsor, who “needs to see ‘The Nutcracker,’” who needs her own computer. There are many such children. Here at mellon dissertation seminar school, Miss Holmes must work with what she has. “Apples are very good for you,” she says, smiling. “Bananas are, too.” When Dasani is women society, finished, she brings her empty tray to the principal for inspection.

Miss Holmes gestures at Dasani’s milk-stained mouth. T he tree is covered in columbia university question Christmas lights that mask the lack of women, ornaments. #9632; The children gather around it inside a dilapidated, two-story rowhouse in East New York, Brooklyn the about essays closest thing they have to a home. It belongs to Chanel’s ailing godmother, Sherry, whom the essays children call Grandma. Sherry’s day care center once occupied the first floor, where fading decals of Bambi now share space with empty liquor bottles. Chanel’s two unemployed brothers, 22-year-old Josh and mellon seminar, 39-year-old Lamont, stay in the dark, musty basement. When the children visit, they spend most of their time upstairs, sleeping on society a drafty wooden floor beneath a Roman-numeral clock that is permanently stopped at 2:47. Sherry’s electricity has been cut, but the on war tree remains lit and the heat stays on, via a cable illicitly connected to a neighbor’s power supply. Christmas gifts are scarce: coloring books, a train set, stick-on tattoos, one doll for each girl. A few nights later, the children are roused by shouts and a loud crash. Uncle Josh has punched his hand through a window and essays, is threatening to kill Uncle Lamont. Josh lunges at his brother with a knife.

The men tumble to the floor as Chanel throws herself between them. Essay? Upstairs, the children cower and society, scream. Dasani calls out orders: “Nobody move! Let the adults handle it!” Sirens rattle the block. Josh is taken away in handcuffs as an aqa gcse coursework mark scheme, ambulance races Lamont to the hospital with a battered eye. They had been fighting over a teenage girl. January brings relief, but not because of the new year.

It is the start of tax season, when Dasani’s parents and everyone they seem to know rush to essays women file for the earned-income tax credit, a kind of bonanza for russian essay, the poor. Their tax refunds can bring several thousand dollars, which could be enough to put down a rent deposit and leave the society shelter. On Jan. 7, the family heads to Manhattan for a rare outing. They take the Q train, which barrels high across the East River. The city’s lights shimmer, making Chanel think of opportunity. They will start looking for a home soon, she says.

“I wanna go somewhere where it’s quiet,” Dasani says. “I wanna go somewhere where there’s trees,” Chanel says. “I just wanna see a bunch of aqa gcse literature coursework mark, trees and grass.” “Daddy say that he gonna buy this house with a lot of land with grass,” Dasani says, “so that each of essays women society, us would get a part, so that you can do whatever you want with that part of the land.” Supreme sits far-off, listening to music on speculating essays his phone. Baby Lele wails. Suddenly, Chanel spots Chinatown. Essays Women Society? The children squeal.

Dasani mentions a book she read about the Great Wall of essay in pakistan for class 10, China. “That’s not this town,” Chanel says. “It’s a big wall though,” Dasani says. “That’s the real Chinatown,” Chanel says. Essays Women? “This is the New York Chinatown, where they got Chinese people in Popeyes.” Dasani presses her forehead against the window and cups her hands around her eyes, as if preserving the view for herself. O pportunity comes rarely, but Dasani is about causes, always waiting. She wakes early on Jan. 18, hours in advance of a track competition known for rescuing girls from the society ghetto. #9632; She has no running shoes, just a pair of speculating about causes, imitation Converses.

She is unknown in the rarefied world of society, athletic recruiters and private coaches. But ask anyone in her small corner of Brooklyn, from the crossing guards to literature coursework mark scheme the drunks, and they will say two things about this tiny girl with the wayward braids: She is strong like a boy and can run like the wind. Dasani heads out in the icy cold with her mother and two of her sisters. They walk a mile before arriving at the manicured grounds of the Pratt Institute in the Brooklyn neighborhood of Clinton Hill, which is hosting the Colgate Women’s Games. The amateur track and field series is a magnet for athletic recruiters, and some of its champions have gone as far as the Olympics. Dasani will compete in the 200-meter dash. She heads to the bathroom to change. “She got shorts to put on?” one of the organizers asks. Dasani reaches for women, her leggings. “Those are the sneakers?” the seminar woman frowns.

Wearing no socks, Dasani ties her rainbow laces and walks to the track. Women? When her number is called, she takes her place among four other girls. The blank fires and she is off, ahead of the seminar pack. Win, Dasani tells herself. Win. At the first bend, she trips and essays women, falls behind. By the against terrorism in pakistan for class second turn, Dasani has caught up with the lead runner. They are in a dead heat for essays, the finish line.

Dasani comes in second. It hardly matters that her time is insufficient to make it past the preliminaries. They leave the stadium feeling euphoric. “My baby’s going to the Olympics,” Chanel crows. As they walk west along Willoughby Avenue, they talk of finding a trainer. Chanel starts singing her favorite Luther Vandross song, “A House Is Not a Home.” The girls have heard it enough times to sing along. A chair is mellon seminar, still a chair. Even when there’s no one sittin’ there. But a chair is not a house. And a house is not a home.

When there’s no one there. to hold you tight. They turn north on Carlton Avenue, passing a renovated brick townhouse with sleek, metal window frames. A skinny brunette is society, unloading her station wagon. Essay Question? At the sight of Dasani’s family, she freezes. Essays Society? She smiles nervously and moves slowly to her car, grabbing an infant from the car seat. The mood shifts. “She thinks we gonna jump her,” Chanel says as she keeps walking. The shelter is only three blocks away.

“Why do they feel like they’re so apart? She’s just two steps away from us. If you got jumped out here, a black man would be the first to save your ass. That’s what I feel like telling her.” When they reach Myrtle Avenue, Chanel goes searching for a beer at her favorite corner store. Aqa Gcse English Mark? Dasani trails her. Inside, the essays women short-order cook, a Mexican girl, stares at Chanel suspiciously. “You so nice, that’s why I see you,” the girl responds cockily.

“You better watch that grill,” Chanel says. “I don’t want to scare you.” “You think you scare me?” the on war against for class girl yells. “Let’s fight right now!” Chanel shouts. “Wait for me outside!” the girl calls back. Chanel moves toward her, reaching for women society, a mop. The owner, Salim, races toward Chanel. “I’ll crack her with a stick!” Chanel yells as Salim holds her back. Dasani is frozen. “I’ma wait for your ass when you come out,” Chanel says. “What time she get off?” “You run your mouth,” Salim says, gently leading Chanel away, as he has done before. As they leave, Dasani turns to mellon seminar the cook.

“She gonna knock you stupid, Chinese lady,” Dasani says. “Don’t use those words,” Salim cries out. “You’re not supposed to essays women turn out like your mother.” The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. Andrea Elliott Talks to Chanel About Interviewing.

G racie Mansion is something of an oddity. In a city with a 2 percent vacancy rate and essay, a shortage of public housing, the mayoral residence sits uninhabited on 11 pristine acres of the Upper East Side. #9632; It has been more than a decade since Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg chose to remain in his opulent townhouse, consigning Gracie Mansion to essays women the status of a museum and essay contest, venue for civic events. Dasani knows none of these particulars when she steps through Gracie’s doors on society a school trip in February. Essay On War Against In Pakistan For Class 10? She is looking for the mayor. She wants to see him up close, this mysterious “Wizard of Oz” figure who makes decisions about her life from behind a curtain of political power.

It never occurs to Dasani that the essays women mayor does not live there. University Question? Who could have a mansion and not live in it? “Look at that fireplace!” she marvels as her classmates step into the parlor where Mr. Bloomberg has given news conferences. The tour guide, a woman wearing gold-clasp earrings and tangerine lipstick, moves the society children along, reminding them not to touch. They shuffle into the library. Essay Question? Still no mayor. Dasani scans for clues like the F.B.I. agents of her favorite television show, “Criminal Minds.” She inspects a telephone. “His last call was at 11:15,” she whispers.

The tour guide opens French doors onto the veranda where New York’s mayors have entertained dignitaries from around the world. Women? “It’s a very gracious way of living,” she says. “Very elegant.” What impresses Dasani most are not the eraserhead essay architectural details or the gold-bound volumes of women society, Chaucer and Tolstoy, but the astonishing lack of dust. She runs her hand lightly over the top of a Steinway piano. “I tell you,” she says. “This house is clean.” Dasani was still an dissertation seminar, infant when Mr. Bloomberg took office in 2002. Declaring Gracie Mansion “the people’s house,” he gathered $7 million in essays society private donations much of mellon dissertation seminar, it his own money to rehabilitate the pale yellow 18th-century home, which overlooks the East River. In came new plumbing, floors, lighting and ventilation, along with exquisite touches like an 1820s chandelier and a four-poster mahogany bed. Facing that same river, six miles away on women society the opposite side, is the Auburn Family Residence, the squalid city-run homeless shelter where Dasani has lived for more than two years. She shares a crowded, mouse-infested room with her parents and seven siblings, who sleep doubled up on eraserhead critical essay torn mattresses.

Dasani spends her days in the care of another city institution: her public school in Fort Greene, Brooklyn. The Susan S. McKinney Secondary School of the Arts has suffered its own troubles under the Bloomberg administration: a shrinking budget and essays society, fewer teachers. Dasani shuttles between Auburn and McKinney, just two blocks apart. They form the russian core of her life and women, the bedrock of her future, one that is in peril. Adults who are homeless often speak of feeling “stuck.” For children, the experience is more like a free-fall. With each passing month, they slip further back in every category known to mellon seminar predict long-term well-being. They are less likely to graduate from the women schools that anchor them, and more likely to end up like their parents, their lives circumscribed by eraserhead critical essay, teenage pregnancy or shortened by crime and illness. In the absence of a steady home or a reliable parent, public institutions have an outsize influence on the destiny of children like Dasani. Whether she can transcend her circumstances rests greatly on the role, however big or small, that society opts to play in her life. The question of public responsibility has gained urgency in recent decades.

By the time Mr. Bloomberg was elected, children made up 40 percent of shelter residents. “We’re not walking away from taking care of the homeless,” the mayor said early on. “I have a responsibility, the city has a responsibility, to make sure that the facilities we provide are up to some standards.” The Bloomberg administration set out to revamp the shelter system, creating 7,500 units of temporary housing, a database to track the shelter population and society, a program intended to prevent homelessness with counseling, job training and short-term financial aid. The new system also made it harder for families to be found eligible for shelter. For a time, the numbers went down. But in eraserhead the wake of profound policy changes and a spiraling economy, more children wound up in essays women society shelters than at any time since the creation of the shelter system in the early 1980s.

While the Bloomberg administration spent $5 billion on shelter services, the essays conditions at Auburn remained grim. Dasani and her siblings have grown numb to life at women the shelter, where knife fights break out and crack pipes are left on the bathroom floor. In the words of essay on war 10, their mother, they have “become the essays women society place.” She has a verb for essay in pakistan, it: shelternized. For Dasani, school is everything the provider of meals, on-the-spot nursing care, security and substitute parenting. On the Gracie trip, Dasani wears the women Nautica coat donated by a school security guard and matching white gloves bestowed to her that morning by the principal. A school like McKinney can also provide a bridge to speculating about causes essays the wider world.

It does not matter that Dasani’s entire sixth grade must walk a mile to women society the subway in icy winds, take two trains, then walk another 10 minutes before arriving. Russian Contest? This round-trip journey, which occupies much of the day, is a welcome escape. As Dasani leaves Gracie that afternoon, she refastens her neon-pink snow hat. She has given up on the mayor. “He lives somewhere else,” she says, waving an arm along East End Avenue before heading back to the subway. T here is no sign announcing the shelter at 39 Auburn Place, which rises over essays women, the neighboring Walt Whitman Houses like an accidental fortress. Its stately, neo-Georgian exterior hints at the shelter’s former life as a city hospital. Two sweeping sycamores shade the eraserhead entrance, where smokers linger under brick arches, flicking cigarette ashes onto an empty, untended lawn. A concrete walkway leads to the heavily guarded front door, where residents pass through a metal detector and their bags are searched for forbidden objects like canned food, hair dryers and irons. Visitors are restricted to the bleak lobby.

Upstairs, cries and laughter echo along the dim corridors that Dasani’s legally blind sister, Nijai, has learned to feel her way around. The shelter is ill equipped to handle the needs of its numerous disabled residents, among them premature infants and severely autistic children. Yet the manual given to incoming families boasts a “full complement of professional and support personnel” who are “available to assist you 24 hours a day, seven days per week.” The booklet guarantees residents “protection from women society, harm” and “the right to columbia university question live in a secure, safe facility.” A starkly different Auburn the one to essays women which Dasani is question, witness emerges from stacks of handwritten complaints, calls to women 911, internal staff reports and dozens of inspections over the last decade. It is less a haven than a purgatory. There is the university essay question 12-year-old boy who writes, on Oct. 29, 2012, that a female resident touched “my private area and I didn’t like it.” His mother also files a complaint, saying the woman was showing pornography to children. The police are never notified. Nor do they hear about a 15-year-old girl who says she was sexually assaulted by a security guard one year earlier. The complaint, written by essays, her mother in Spanish, never appears to have been translated. Speculating? The pleas of a 12-year-old girl that same month also go unreported to the police.

She writes of a man who exposes his genitals in a girls’ bathroom, making her too afraid to go back without a parent: “I am still scared that someone will come in.” It stands to reason that the complaints of children would be ignored, given how often the warnings of inspectors go nowhere. Over the essays society last decade, city and state inspectors have cited Auburn for more than 400 violations many of them repeated including for inadequate child care, faulty fire protection, insufficient heat, spoiled food, broken elevators, nonfunctioning bathrooms and the presence of mice, roaches, mold, bedbugs, lead and mellon dissertation, asbestos. Dasani can pick out the inspectors by their clipboards and focused expressions. Society? They work for the State Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance, which supervises homeless housing around the state. Given that Auburn is partly funded by the state, these inspectors should presumably hold sway. Year after year, their reports read like a series of unheeded alarms. Responses by the city’s Department of Homeless Services attribute Auburn’s violations to a lack of money. To the state’s complaint, in 2003, that only one staff member is tending to seminar 177 school-age children in essays society the shelter’s recreation room, the agency responds: “We lack resources for teenagers!” Auburn’s children have yet to assume their parents’ air of defeat. The children’s complaints recount their fear or discomfort as reason enough for action.

The adults write as if no one is listening. Many sound like the parent in April 2012 who has spotted a dead mouse in the cafeteria and asks a janitor to remove it. The next day, the mouse is essay, still there. “A child could have touched it,” the parent recounts telling the janitor, to which the janitor laughs and essays women, responds, “Well then you should have cleaned it up.” There is no place on columbia university question the inspection forms for the most common complaint: the disrespect accorded to residents by the shelter staff. Were there such a box to check, it could never capture how these encounters reverberate for days, reinforcing the rock-bottom failure that Auburn represents. Even egregious incidents are sometimes mentioned in passing.

One mother summarizes her grievance, at the top of the essays society form, as “All of my belongs went in garbbage.” In explaining how her possessions were discarded, she mentions, tangentially, that her caseworker had “groped” her. She ends the complaint on a conciliatory note: “Peace.” The signature at the bottom belongs to Dasani’s mother, Chanel. After she filed the complaint in dissertation September 2011, the worker was taken off her case, but kept his job and society, recently got a raise. Chanel never told Dasani, for fear of passing on the shame she feels whenever she sees the man. Like most children, Dasani absorbs more than her mother would like. She can see how the shelter shrinks Chanel’s self-regard. Dasani is there when the guards rip through her mother’s carefully folded laundry in the name of “inspection,” or when a caseworker dresses her down like a cheeky adolescent. “Sometimes it feels like, ‘Why you guys messin’ with my mom?’” Chanel is not the first woman to aqa gcse literature scheme encounter sexual advances by women society, an Auburn employee. Another resident complains that a security guard is “having sex with clients in the restrooms and in his black Dodge Charger.” A 2012 letter by state inspectors to the Department of Homeless Services mentions a security supervisor and guards having “improper sexual contact” with a resident. This environment is especially punishing considering that some of Auburn’s women have fled violent men.

After a caseworker touched his 46-year-old client on the breast in February 2012, another male employee smiled at essay on war terrorism for class her the next day and society, asked “if I was being good,” she wrote in a complaint, adding, “I walk around every day feeling violated.” Auburn initially suspended the caseworker, Kenneth Durieux, for speculating about, 30 days. Society? But he kept his job for essay on war against in pakistan for class, nearly a year, even after the police charged him with sexual abuse. He was dismissed last January, before pleading guilty to forcible touching. Just this year, there have been some 350 calls to essays society 911 from the shelter including 24 reported assaults, four calls about essay possible child abuse and one reporting a rape. City officials declined to comment on the reports of sexual abuse. They attribute other lapses to the building’s aging infrastructure, saying plans are in the works for essays, an upgraded fire safety system, bathrooms and enhanced security. Since Mr. Bloomberg took office, the city has spent nearly $10 million on repairs and renovations at Auburn.

In the past decade, Auburn’s directors have fared well, receiving raises even as the scheme shelter’s problems persisted. One former director, Susan Nayowith, was promoted to essays women society head of client advocacy at the Department of Homeless Services. These kinds of columbia question, facts are lost on the shelter’s children, who see only essays women, what is before them like the Swedish meatballs that come frozen in prepackaged trays or the Cheerios served one night for dinner. And then there are the elevators, which frequently break down. Speculating Causes Essays? Even when they are working, children cannot ride them unless accompanied by an adult. A month before the essays women trip to Gracie Mansion, when Dasani’s sister Avianna walks into literature coursework mark scheme the shelter gasping from an essays society, asthma attack, a guard refuses to take her up in the elevator.

Dasani lifts her wheezing sister, twice her girth, and carries her up four flights of stairs to their room. Six months later, it will be Dasani who falls gravely ill when the elevators are broken. She rocks and vomits bile one evening, trying to distract herself by watching television. At 3:02 a.m., Chanel calls 911. She helps Dasani down four sets of columbia university, stairs before she collapses on a row of chairs in the lobby. There is women society, no ambulance, so Chanel calls again. One of the eraserhead critical guards gets nervous, making a third call to essays women report that the child “is in severe abdominal pain.” Two more calls are placed. At 4:02 a.m., a full hour later, an ambulance finally arrives to take Dasani to Brooklyn Hospital Center, where her doctor asks what she last ate. Her answer: a shelter dinner of spinach lasagna. In the years that Dasani has lived in Room 449, city and state inspectors have cited at least 13 violations there, including the presence of roaches, mice and a lead paint hazard. Yet when Auburn’s staff members conduct their own inspections of 449, they focus on the family’s transgressions.

The room is found to be chaotic and insufficiently clean. There are few mentions of Auburn’s own lapses the causes essays absence of society, dividers for privacy or assistance with permanent housing. Against 10? Instead, inspectors focus on essays women society the family’s forbidden turtle or hidden microwave. Dasani finds this curious: “They not talking about dissertation putting us in a house; they looking for a microwave that don’t work.” Lately, it is the family’s sink, with its rotting wall and leaky pipe, that fails to get fixed.

For weeks, the pipe drips through the night. Essays Women? Finally, Dasani is fed up. She crouches down and about essays, examines the pipe as her siblings watch. “Nobody thought about pushing it in essays women society and twisting it,” she says in mellon dissertation her cocksure manner. A few quick jerks and she triumphs. Women Society? The children squeal. It goes unremarked that here, in this shelter with a $9 million annual budget, operated by an agency with more than 100 times those funds, the eraserhead critical essay plumbing has fallen to an 11-year-old girl. D asani’s homeroom at McKinney is a cozy haven of book-lined shelves and inspirational words scrawled in essays women society chalk, like “Success does not come without sacrifice and struggle.” #9632; Every morning, she quietly tucks her coat and backpack in the classroom closet, a precious ritual for a girl who has no other closet. Aqa Gcse English Scheme? She then slips into her small wooden desk, opposite her humanities teacher, Faith Hester. Miss Hester can best be described as electric. She paces the room, throwing her arms in the air as her booming voice travels along McKinney’s hallways.

Long after she gave up dreams of acting, her class is the essays society stage and columbia, her students, a rapt audience. Sometimes she arrives in an Audrey Hepburn updo; other days, she dons the brightly patterned prints procured in Senegal on a trip to “learn the truth about society my motherland.” She favors expressions like “Oh my gooney goo hoo!” and “Okie pokie dokie shmokie!” If a student is stumped, she will break into improvised song, with the class soon chanting along: “I know you know it!” clap, clap “I know you know it!” clap, clap. Miss Hester knows that students learn when they get excited.

It bothers her that McKinney lacks the sophisticated equipment of other public schools. She shelled out more than $1,000 of her own money, as a single mother, to give her classroom a projector and document camera. When Miss Hester looks around her classroom, she sees a glimpse of her younger self. She was raised by about, a single mother in the Marcy projects of Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, a monotonous spread of essays women, 27 brick buildings with the singular distinction of being where Jay-Z grew up. She could never quite numb herself, like other children did, to russian essay the addicts shooting up in the elevator or the essays society dead bodies on speculating about essays gurneys. Her salvation came at church and women, school. In 1979, Miss Hester was one of the first black students to be bused from aqa gcse coursework, Marcy to the predominantly white Edward R. Murrow High School in Midwood, Brooklyn. Outside, children would chase after her, yelling, “Go back to your neighborhood!” Inside the school, she applied herself fastidiously. Society? A teacher made all the difference, guiding her to speculating causes essays college applications. She was only 16 when she graduated, bound for SUNY Cortland. Thirty-three years and essays women society, two master’s degrees later, it is Miss Hester who searches for the student in mellon dissertation seminar need of saving.

She sees promise in Dasani, who landed on the honor roll last fall. Essays Women Society? But lately, she is skipping homework and mellon dissertation, arriving moody and tired, if she makes it to school at all. New York’s homeless children have an abysmal average attendance rate of essays society, 82 percent, well below what is typically needed to on war against in pakistan advance to the next grade. Since the start of the school year, Dasani has already missed a week of class and arrived late 13 times. Her attendance is being closely tracked by a social worker in the school whose nonprofit organization, Partnership With Children, offers counseling and other services to some of the society city’s most vulnerable students. Miss Hester told Partnership about Dasani. She saw no point in dissertation seminar turning to the school’s guidance counselor or psychologist, who serves two other schools.

They jump from essays society, crisis to crisis, like E.R. doctors in dissertation seminar triage, treating problems that have become acute or irreversible. Prevention is women society, a luxury reserved for schools with enough counselors. In their absence, McKinney turns to critical essay Partnership, which has weathered its own post-recession budget cuts and layoffs. Graduate students are filling in as interns. This is how Dasani finds herself sitting across from essays society, Roxanne, who is pursuing a master’s degree in social work at Fordham University. She has been assigned to russian contest lead one-on-one counseling sessions with Dasani. Dasani has never had a counselor. They meet once a week, passing the essays women time playing Mancala as Roxanne tries to aqa gcse coursework draw Dasani out, which proves far more difficult than any board game. Women? Dasani knows how to deflect questions with humor, avoiding talk about essay her family and the shelter. She is also studying Roxanne.

There is something soft about this Minnesota native, who uses words like “sweetie” and melts into giggles. Women? Dasani is essay on war against in pakistan for class 10, puzzled by Roxanne’s attire the essays society rumpled shirts and distressed boots that pass for hip in other Brooklyn quarters. Nothing she wears seems to match, and yet her clothes are spotless. This leads Dasani to conclude that Roxanne lives in a clean, suburban home like the kind shown on “Criminal Minds,” where detectives search for murder clues. It is not the murders themselves that intrigue Dasani so much as the enormous, orderly closets of the crime scenes closets big enough to dissertation live in. Miss Hester wonders about these counseling sessions. She finds Roxanne bright and devoted, but worries that Dasani will run circles around the intern, whose overriding quality is sweetness.

B ack at the shelter, Dasani spends countless hours with her siblings playing games on a Nintendo Wii. #9632; If Dasani could design her own video game, she would call it “Live or Die.” The protagonist would be an 11-year-old girl fighting for her own salvation. In the first round, she confronts the society easy villains her chores scrambling to bathe, dress and feed her siblings. She cannot find Baby Lele, who is russian, crying. Essays? The baby’s tears turn into mellon seminar lethal rocks that fall from the sky, which the girl must dodge. Next, she encounters her parents battling social workers in essays the guise of angry pirates. On War Terrorism In Pakistan For Class 10? Chanel tosses magical powers to the girl, who defeats the women society pirates, melting them to the ground. In the third round, she goes to essay for class 10 school, finding danger and deliverance. Society? Her math teacher is a supervillain whose weapon is seminar, numbers. “Ten” turns into 10 charging porcupines.

Down the hall, the girl must rescue Miss Hester from giant, rolling cans. “If she dies, all the kids die, too.” Finally, the essays girl faces off against eraserhead essay, her longtime rival from the projects, a purple hulk who picks up cars and essays society, hurls them. Essay Contest? If the girl survives, she reaches the queen the principal, Paula Holmes who decides her future. Winning brings the prize of a new house. Losing means returning to the shelter, “which is death.” “My goal is to make it to essays the end, but I keep dying,” Dasani says. It is russian contest, easier for Dasani to think of Auburn as the worst possible outcome because the alternative winding up on the street is unfathomable. She knows that if she and her siblings were to essays society lose the shelter, they might land in literature coursework foster care, losing one another. So as bad as it is, the children try to make the place their own. When the lights are on, their room is flatly fluorescent, which prompts them to climb a dresser, remove the plastic lamp cover from the ceiling and color it in with crayons the shades of a rainbow. When the essays women society lights are off, the aqa gcse literature coursework mark scheme room assumes a gray aura not unlike, Dasani imagines, the hospital ward it once was. Essays Women Society? “This was where they put the crazies,” she declares, citing as proof a rusted intercom by the door.

The communal bathroom closest to mellon dissertation Dasani is, indeed, reminiscent of “One Flew Over the women Cuckoo’s Nest.” Tiled in steely green, its centerpiece is an old, industrial bathtub with no partition. English Coursework Mark? A limp plastic curtain divides the essays sole shower from the eraserhead rest of the bathroom, which is marked by society, vulgar graffiti and shared by dozens of women and girls, though men sometimes intrude. The floor is filthy. The children routinely wipe it down with bleach stolen from the janitors, as residents are forbidden to mellon dissertation seminar bring the cleaning solvent into Auburn. Women Society? A changing table hangs off its hinge, pointing to the floor like a slide. At night, the children hear noises. Essay? They are sure Auburn is haunted. Five-year-old Papa calls the ghost in their room “I-it.” When it is dark, they are far too afraid to use the bathroom, so they relieve themselves in women society a bucket. Yet that bathroom has become Dasani’s makeshift sanctuary. She practices hip-hop routines across the floor. She sits alone in the toilet stall, the lid closed beneath her.

Sometimes she reads, or just closes her eyes. Her mind feels crowded anywhere else. Lately, she is worried about her mother, who has been summoned on Feb. 13 to an urgent meeting at the Administration for Children’s Services, the agency tasked with protecting the children. Photographs of mellon dissertation, smiling children line the walls of the agency’s lobby in Bedford-Stuyvesant, where Chanel is greeted by her caseworker, who uses the nickname “Mr. James.” “We’re not having this meeting because we want to take your kids away,” he says cheerfully. “We’re having this meeting because we want you to essays women society move to terrorism an apartment.” Chanel stares at him. “Why don’t you ever tell my lawyer about these meetings?” she asks, even though she cannot recall the name of the last public defender to represent her. “You don’t need a lawyer to attend an A.C.S. meeting,” he responds. They ride the essays women society elevator up to a conference room, where Chanel is jarred to find the literature coursework director of Auburn, Derrick Aiken, waiting.

He is there to issue a warning: If Chanel and her husband, Supreme, do not comply with the essays Department of Homeless Services’ requirements, the family may be forced to on war against in pakistan for class leave the essays shelter system. Mellon Dissertation? At issue is their public assistance case, which has closed because Supreme failed to report to a job placement program, one of dozens of such lapses in the past decade. Essays? Currently, the family receives only food stamps and survivor benefits. An open public assistance case allows the agency to be reimbursed with federal funds, while also making the family eligible for child care and eraserhead critical essay, job training the kind of supports that could help in finding a home. But the problem for Chanel and Supreme comes down to women basic math: Even with two full-time jobs, on speculating causes minimum wage, they would have combined salaries of only $2,300 per month just enough to cover the average rent for essays women, a studio in Brooklyn. New York, it often strikes Chanel, has no place for the poor. Auburn offers plenty of aqa gcse english coursework scheme, proof.

Residents like Jenedra, a home health aide, and her daughter, who works at a Pinkberry in Park Slope, Brooklyn, cannot afford city prices. The gap between income and women society, housing costs was widening when Mayor Bloomberg took office in 2002. The homeless population was also growing. For decades, the city had tried to stem the numbers by university, giving homeless families priority access to women society public housing, Section 8 vouchers and subsidized city apartments. While the policy was in aqa gcse english literature mark place, only 11.5 percent of the families returned to shelters within five years. To Mr.

Bloomberg, priority referrals were an incentive to enter the shelter system. “Our own policies needlessly encourage entry and prolong dependence on essays society shelters,” he said in 2004. Mr. Bloomberg’s approach to homelessness mirrored his views on poverty at large. The mayor’s best-known effort was the Center for Economic Opportunity, which spent $662 million on poverty prevention programs that emphasized education and job training as a means to on war against for class self-reliance. In line with that agenda, the mayor ended the priority-referrals policy in November 2004. Instead, the city began offering homeless families time-limited rental assistance, including through a program called Advantage. Yet more than a quarter of them wound up back in shelters once their subsidies ran out. Among them was Dasani’s family. After their $1,481 rent subsidy expired in women 2010, they returned to a shelter system that spends roughly $3,000 per russian month on essays women every family. It would end up costing the city $400,000 to critical essay house Dasani’s family over essays, a decade.

In 2011, Mr. Essay Question? Bloomberg ended Advantage after the women society state withdrew its funding. Six months later, the city’s homeless population hit a record that included more than 16,000 children, many of whom had been homeless before. These children have come to be known, among the russian city’s homeless advocates, as “the lost generation.” D asani is well versed in city politics, but not because she follows the news. She is essays society, simply forced to notice what other children miss. #9632; When Mr. Bloomberg tried to ban the sale of large, sugary drinks, Dasani began calculating what two sodas would cost in place of the supersize cup that, in her family, is typically passed among eight small mouths. Now it is the citywide bus strike that has called Dasani’s attention, by virtue of the fact that she must walk three of her younger siblings to school.

It is no small feat to corral Papa, Hada and Maya, who form a tempestuous gaggle of untied shoelaces, short tempers and yogurt-stained mouths. Dasani shepherds them five long blocks to essay Public School 287, stepping around used condoms and empty beer cans. “Double up!” she yells in the manner of her mother. The children go silent and reach for each other’s hands, waiting for the traffic to pause. Suddenly, they dash like spirits across the six-lane street that runs under the essays women Brooklyn-Queens Expressway. The strike has worn on aqa gcse english literature mark for a month when, on Valentine’s Day, Dasani stops into a corner store outside McKinney. She scans the aisles before settling on an iced honey bun, a bag of society, nacho-flavored sunflower seeds and some red gummy bears a rare $3 breakfast earned as part of her allowance for essay on war against terrorism in pakistan for class 10, watching Baby Lele all weekend. She glides into class only a few minutes late.

Today’s lesson is about context clues, in essays society preparation for standardized tests that are coming. “You come across an critical, unfamiliar word,” Miss Hester explains. Society? “You look at the surrounding words and mellon dissertation seminar, ideas and you unpack that word.” The theatrics begin. “Flabbergasted,” she says. “I was flabbergasted when I found a million dollars in my purse.” The class erupts in laughter. “A million dollars!” Miss Hester hoots. “I know that that’s a lot of women, money. And it’s in my purse. And I’m supposed to be broke,” she says, batting her long lashes. Eraserhead Essay? “‘Flabbergasted’ means ‘delightfully surprised.’” Dasani is delightfully surprised whenever she is in society Miss Hester’s presence. It does not matter that her mother finds the on war for class teacher “weird.” She makes Dasani want to learn. One can only women, imagine the heights Dasani might reach at a school like Packer Collegiate Institute, just 12 blocks west of the shelter.

Its campus has a theater with computerized lighting, “green” science labs and a menu offering chipotle lime tilapia and roasted herb chicken. Its middle school cultivates the about causes interests of the “whole child,” for whom doors will open to the “public arenas of the world.” Packer’s students might learn something from essays, Dasani, too. Parents from against terrorism in pakistan for class, five private Brooklyn schools recently filed into essays women society Packer, where tuition is over $35,000, to hear a clinical psychologist give a talk on speculating about causes essays how to raise “self-reliant, appreciative children in society a nervous and entitled world.” That world is unlikely to become Dasani’s. She is not the mark scheme kind of child to land a coveted scholarship to private school, which would require a parent with the wherewithal to seek out essays such opportunities and see them through. For the russian contest same reason, Dasani does not belong to New York’s fast-growing population of charter school students. In fact, the reverse is happening: a charter school is coming to McKinney. Approved last December by the Education Department, Success Academy Fort Greene will soon claim half of McKinney’s third floor. This kind of co-location arrangement has played out in essays society schools across the city, stoking deep resentments in poor communities.

The guiding ethos of the charter school movement has been “choice” the power to choose a school rather than capitulate to a flawed education system and a muscular teachers’ union. But in communities like McKinney’s, the experience can feel like a lack of choice. Dasani watched, wide-eyed, during a protest last December as McKinney’s parents and teachers held up signs comparing the co-location to apartheid. Essay On War Terrorism 10? Charter schools, which are publicly funded but privately operated, serve fewer students with special needs, and are sometimes perceived as exclusive. A web posting for women, Success Academy Fort Greene does little to counter that notion. Parents, it says, “shouldn’t have to trek to other Brooklyn neighborhoods or spend $30,000+ on a private school in russian order to find excellence and rigor.”

By late February, Dasani’s grades have plummeted. On her wrist is a bite mark left by women, a classmate whom she had fought after the girl called her “musty.” The next day, Dasani lunges at a girl in gym class. Miss Hester has had enough. “I’m really not happy with the way that you are victimizing others,” she says sternly. “I need it to stop immediately. Do you understand me?” She nods at Miss Hester, her eyes dropping.

For Dasani, school and life are indistinguishable. When school goes well, she is whole. When it goes poorly, she can’t compartmentalize like some students, who simply “focus” on their studies. It is a place to eraserhead critical essay love or leave. Minutes later, Dasani is sitting in McKinney’s packed auditorium for an assembly on Black History Month. She hates Black History Month. “It’s always the same poems,” she says. The new honor roll is called out. Dasani’s name is missing.

It must be a mistake, she tells herself. But when she hears all the other names, the truth sinks in. She slumps in her chair as a group of boys takes the stage to recite Langston Hughes. What happens to a dream deferred? like a raisin in the sun?

Dasani knows this poem well. They read it every year. She stares blankly at the stage. Maybe it just sags. Like a heavy load. Or does it explode? The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and essays, other candid moments. O n the Brooklyn block that is Dasani’s dominion, shoppers can buy a $3 malt liquor in an airless deli where food stamps are traded for cigarettes. Mellon Seminar? Or they can cross the essays women society street for a $740 bottle of chardonnay at an industrial wine shop accented with modern art. It is a sign outside that locale, Gnarly Vines, that catches Dasani’s notice one spring afternoon: “Wine Tasting Tonight 5-8.”

Dasani is hardly conversant in the subject of libations, but this much she knows: A little drink will take off her mother’s edge. Essay Contest? Without further ado, Chanel heads into the wine shop on Myrtle Avenue, trailed by four of her eight children. They are lugging two greasy boxes of essays women, pizza and a jumbo pack of eraserhead essay, diapers from Target. The cashier pauses. The sommelier smiles. “Wanna try a little rosé?” she asks brightly, pouring from a 2012 bottle of Mas de Gourgonnier. “I would describe it as definitely fruit forward at the beginning.”

Chanel polishes it. “Not refreshing,” Chanel says. Essays Women Society? “I just think dry.” “No, it’s very dry,” says the sommelier, a peppy blonde in wire-rim glasses. “It’s high acid, a little citrusy.” Chanel sticks out her tongue. She finds the woman’s choice of words unappetizing. To the side of the wine display is a large, silver vase that recalls the family urn, prompting Chanel’s son Khaliq to ask if it contains the russian essay ashes of a dead person. “Oh my gosh, for cremation?” the sommelier asks, shaking her head. “We just use it for essays society, spitting in.” “For spitting?” Chanel says with horror.

“Yeah, it’s got rejected wine in it,” the sommelier says. Chanel scoffs. She might not like the russian essay wine, but she sees no reason to spit it out. She moves on to a Tuscan sangiovese. Ignoring the spectacle, Dasani scans the room, frowning at a sign on the wall: Liqueur. “They got liquor spelled wrong,” she yelps victoriously. Actually, the sommelier interjects, that is the French word for the delicate, liquid spirits derived from essays women, fruits such as pomegranates and raspberries. “But you’re very right,” she offers sweetly. “That is not how you spell liquor.” “Not the hood liquor,” Chanel says. D asani’s neighborhood is one of the in pakistan most unequal pockets of New York City, the most unequal metropolis in America. #9632; Fort Greene occupies less than one square mile. Society? On the map, its boundaries form the essay terrorism in pakistan 10 shape of a pitcher tilting at the northwestern edge of Brooklyn. Just north of society, Fort Greene Park are the projects and, among them, the homeless shelter where Dasani lives. Just south of the park are some of essay terrorism in pakistan, Brooklyn’s finest townhouses and cultural gems, including the essays women society Brooklyn Academy of Music, where theatergoers were lining up to see “Julius Caesar” on the day that Dasani led her mother to the wine shop.

If one thing distinguishes Dasani’s New York from that of about causes, her antecedents, it is a striking proximity to the wealth that eludes her. She routinely walks past a boho-chic boutique on Lafayette Avenue where calfskin boots command $845. Heading north, she passes French bulldogs on leashes and infants riding like elevated genies in Uppababy strollers with shock-absorbing wheels. Three blocks away is an ice cream parlor where $6 buys two salted-caramel scoops. Like most children, Dasani is oblivious to the precise cost of such extravagances. She only knows that they are beyond her reach. Nor can this 11-year-old girl be expected to grasp the subtle gradations of Fort Greene’s elite, whose creative class feels pushed out of a neighborhood it once considered more gritty than tony. Dasani sees the chasms of Fort Greene more plainly, reasoning that wealth belongs to women “the whites” because “they save their money and don’t spend it on literature mark drinking and smoking.” Such perceptions are fed by the contrasts of essays society, this neighborhood, where the columbia university essay top 5 percent of residents earn 76 times as much as the bottom quintile. Society? Dasani spots addicts gathering outside a food pantry a block from $2 million brownstones. Essay Terrorism For Class 10? She notes that few people in essays women the projects use the Citi Bikes stationed nearby.

The celebrated bike sharing program, unveiled this year, requires a credit or debit card for a $101 security deposit. Dasani also knows that not everyone in the projects is poor. English Coursework Scheme? Her Uncle Waverly, who lives in the Walt Whitman Houses across from her shelter, the Auburn Family Residence, works as a supervisor for the parks department and has a Lexus S.U.V. When he drives past Dasani and her siblings, he pretends not to essays women society know them. Dasani charts the patterns of Fort Greene Park by skin color.

The basketball courts are closest to the projects, drawing black children to that northwestern corner. On the russian essay contest rare occasion when Dasani ventures to the opposite quadrant, she sees white women sunbathing in essays bikinis or playing tennis near a water fountain outfitted for dogs. She never finds those women at the nearby Bravo Supermarket for Values, where thieves are photographed in Polaroids that fill the mellon store’s “Wall of Shame.” Wearing naked expressions, they are forced to pose with their stolen items things like Goya beans and Kraft cheese. A woman named Mary holds a can of tuna in a photograph titled “Catch of the Day.” Dasani is essays women society, more likely to contest encounter shoppers of another stratum at the local Target, where they can save on items that for her family represent a splurge. Fort Greene’s two economies are an experiment born of society, meteoric gentrification. Columbia? In the last decade, the neighborhood has been remade, with the portion of white residents jumping by 80 percent as real estate prices more than doubled despite the recession.

Just the word “gentrification” is remarkably divisive. It derives from the Middle English word “gentrise,” which means “of noble descent.” The word has become shorthand for an urban neighborhood where muggings are down and espresso is roasted a place that has been “discovered,” as though no one had been living there. Dasani’s Fort Greene reaches deep into the last century. Her grandmother Joanie grew up in the Raymond V. Ingersoll Houses, next to the Walt Whitman Houses. Both projects opened in essays women society 1944, an columbia university essay question, era of New Deal reforms that gave rise to white flight and urban decay. Essays? Fort Greene, like other black areas, was redlined, allowing banks to disinvest and english coursework mark, property values to plummet.

The neighborhood’s prospects started to essays society change in 1978, after the city declared part of Fort Greene a historic district. By the time Dasani was born there in 2001, a billionaire was preparing to run for mayor. A year after taking office, Michael R. Bloomberg announced an ambitious redevelopment plan for Downtown Brooklyn. Fort Greene’s transformation came swiftly. Through aggressive rezoning and essay on war against in pakistan 10, generous subsidies, the city drew developers who, in the span of three years, built 19 luxury buildings in the surrounding area that catered across racial lines to essays society the educated elite. Dasani and her siblings routinely pass the Toren, a glistening, 38-story glass tower on Myrtle Avenue offering a 24-hour concierge, gymnasium, pool and movie theater. In June, a condominium there sold for $1.4 million. Just blocks away stand the on war terrorism in pakistan for class Ingersoll and Whitman projects, which engulf Dasani’s shelter and, like Auburn, have fallen into disrepair. It is the juxtaposition of these neglected time capsules to Fort Greene’s luxury towers that seems to mock the neighborhood’s effort at ascension. For the women society arriviste investor, the critical projects present a rude visual interruption, an inconvenient thing to walk around, but never through. For Dasani, these faded buildings hold a legacy so intricate and rich it could fill volumes were it ever told.

The homeless shelter where she lives is the very building where Grandma Joanie had been born, back when it was Cumberland Hospital. Just across the way is the fifth-story apartment where Joanie grew up, helping her own mother raise seven other children in the clasp of poverty. Three generations later, little has changed. Even as the essays society fortunes of this neighborhood rose, Dasani’s matrilineal line, from her great-grandmother to her mother, has followed a trajectory of teenage pregnancy, addiction and violence. Fort Greene is now a marker. For one set of people, arriving signals triumph. For another, remaining means defeat. Dasani will do better, she tells herself. “People don’t go nowhere in columbia university essay Brooklyn,” she says.

Chanel promises they will move this spring, after the tax refunds arrive. Yet as Dasani walks through her grandmother’s streets, it is not with the sense of imminent departure so much as melancholic return. C hanel was 8 when she found her mother’s crack pipe in essays women society a jewelry box. Speculating Causes? She held it up to the light and women, showed it to speculating about essays her brother. Society? #9632; We gonna toss it, he said. #9632; They opened the window and watched as the brown glass vial soared through the air, crashing onto the sidewalk. It was the mid-1980s, and crack had swept the literature streets of Brownsville, Brooklyn, where Chanel’s mother, Joanie, now lived. Essays? Chanel visited on weekends. Eraserhead Critical Essay? The rest of the time, she stayed with her godmother, Sherry, who had been the common-law wife of Chanel’s father.

Chanel’s mother was his lover. Stranger things had happened in Brownsville, and now that Chanel’s father was dead, the two women made peace, despite their differences. Joanie relied on welfare to support her habit. Sherry ran a day care center and essays, shunned drugs. “It was like two different people trying to raise one kid,” Chanel says.

At Sherry’s rowhouse in aqa gcse english literature coursework scheme East New York, Brooklyn, Chanel minded her chores and did her homework. At Joanie’s, the child watched dance parties meld into a predawn haze. Worried that Joanie would unduly influence Chanel, Sherry sent the 10-year-old girl to live with a relative in Pittsburgh and attend Catholic school. But Chanel longed for her birth mother and began to essays women society act out. Within a few years, she returned to New York and moved in with Joanie. Aqa Gcse Literature Coursework Scheme? They soon wound up in a shelter in essays women society Queens, where both were exposed to tuberculosis. Over the next few years, they drifted apart. Joanie turned her life around after President Bill Clinton signed legislation in 1996 to english end “welfare as we know it,” placing time limits and work restrictions on recipients of government aid. Women Society? She got clean and english literature coursework scheme, joined a welfare-to-work program, landing a $22,000-a-year job cleaning subway cars for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. “This is the happiest day of my life,” she told Chanel. By then, Chanel had dropped out of high school and was addicted to crack. She had joined a sect of the society violent Bloods gang, tattooing her street name, Lady Red, in curly letters across her right arm.

She was a regular in the crack dens of Bedford-Stuyvesant. Chanel first noticed white people in “the Stuy” after a snowstorm swept Brooklyn in the late 1990s. Columbia University Essay Question? Out of nowhere, two cross-country skiers appeared along Franklin Avenue like “a pair of aliens.” She watched as the skiers coasted by, carving a trail through virgin snow. She sensed that Brooklyn was on women the cusp of aqa gcse english literature coursework mark scheme, change. But she could not have imagined that just five blocks from that spot, people would one day line up to buy blood orange and essays women, hibiscus doughnuts at an artisanal shop called Dough. The first commercial signs of Brooklyn’s transition were simpler. In 2001, Chanel spotted a new brand of bottled water Dasani on the shelves of essay, her corner store.

She was pregnant again, but unlike the miscarriages of her teens, this baby was surviving. Chanel needed a name. For a 23-year-old Brooklyn native who had spent summers cooling in the gush of hydrants, the name “Dasani” held a certain appeal. It sounded as special as Chanel’s name had sounded to her own mother, when she saw the perfume advertised in a magazine. It grasped at something better. Dasani was born on essays May 26 at Brooklyn Hospital Center in Fort Greene. The doll-faced infant weighed only 5 pounds 6 ounces.

She was strikingly alert and had, the nurse noted, a “vigorous cry.” Three days later, Chanel left her with Joanie and took off. Even as a baby, Dasani was awake to the world. She leaned out of her stroller and stared at passers-by, who called her “Batman eyes.” She was tiny, but never frail, and began walking at only 8 months. Chanel would surface from time to time, but Dasani latched on to Joanie. A year later, Chanel had a second daughter by the same man, naming her Avianna, inspired by the more expensive brand of Evian water. Joanie had hit her limit, so Chanel turned to university the city’s shelter system.

With both babies, she reported to the Department of society, Homeless Services intake office in the Bronx. They were sent to 30 Hamilton Place, a family shelter in Harlem. Down the hall, a single father had moved in with his own two children. He called himself Supreme. About Causes Essays? He had sad, knowing eyes that made him look older than his 26 years. Essays Women Society? He never talked about the russian essay past. S upreme was born to heroin addicts in the Cypress Hills projects of essays, East New York.

By age 7, he knew how to literature shop with his mother’s food stamps and cook grits for his four younger siblings. Essays Women? When the pantry was empty, he made sugar sandwiches. He was 9 when he came upon the lifeless body of his baby sister. She had been left near the entrance of the projects, wrapped in a blanket. Supreme stroked her head and kept saying her name, Precious. “She didn’t wake up,” he says. Investigators for Child Protective Services thought the columbia university essay question 2-year-old girl had swallowed sleeping pills, though the medical examiner concluded that she had died of sudden infant death syndrome. The father had left Precious alone when she died. When her mother found her, Supreme recalled, she panicked, leaving the girl’s body outside as she ran for help.

Later that day, the agency’s workers removed Supreme and his siblings from the home. For the next three years, Supreme bounced from women society, foster care to group homes. He soon dropped out of essay question, school and left for North Carolina to join the crack trade. By 17, Supreme had a felony drug conviction and was serving time at a maximum-security prison in Walpole, Mass. It was there that he discovered the Five Percent Nation, a growing movement whose followers believe they are the chosen “5 percent” of humanity. The Five Percenters were shaping urban culture and music, while spreading the word that the black man is God. That message that God was within him filled Supreme with a sense of power over society, his destiny, one that until now had been steered by outsiders. Supreme left prison in 1997 with a high school equivalency diploma.

He married and moved to Washington, finding work as a barber. Six years later, his wife pregnant with their third child had a heart attack and fell down a flight of stairs to essay 10 her death. Chanel took pity on this solemn widower, who came to women the shelter a few months after his wife’s passing. Essay? Dasani and Avianna were the women society exact same ages as his children. He seemed different from the other men. Columbia Essay Question? He was always reading, and had a way with words.

“I fell in love with his brains,” Chanel says. Two incomplete families soon became one. Chanel embraced the Five Percent, wrapping her head in a scarf and vowing to stay off drugs. They married at the city clerk’s office on Feb. 4, 2004. For Chanel, it was a moment of essays women, triumph.

Women in speculating about essays her family almost never married. “We were the product of split-up families,” she says. Essays? “We always wanted a big family. One family. One full family.” But Supreme and Chanel had a temperamental love. Their biggest fights led to brief separations, even as three more children were born. Chanel could not stay off drugs for long. Critical? When she gave birth to Papa in 2007, the hospital detected marijuana in his blood. In an instant, everything changed.

Chanel and Supreme were summoned to the Administration for Children’s Services office in Bedford-Stuyvesant the same brick building where Supreme had been escorted as a child. Standing there, in the lobby, the women memory came rushing back. Essay? Supreme was 9 again, losing his sister, then his parents, then his other siblings, all in society the course of a day. Soon his own children became accustomed to knocks at the door as the mellon agency’s caseworkers, responding to a handful of women society, complaints about columbia possible neglect, began to monitor the family. They inspected the children from head to essays women society toe, searching for signs of abuse. Dasani learned to contest spot a social worker on essays the street by the person’s bag (large enough to hold files).

She became expert at the complex psychic task of seminar, managing strangers of reading facial expressions and interpreting intonations, of knowing when to say the right thing or to avoid the wrong one. “They can use that in a court of law against the parent,” she says, back in the voice of “Criminal Minds.” “I love my parents. They’re tough, but I should not be taken away from them.” Dasani remained tethered to Grandma Joanie, who had proudly kept her job as a sanitation worker. Essays? She now lived in a cozy apartment in Bedford-Stuyvesant.

On weekends, Joanie would fix the essay children B.L.T. sandwiches and meticulously braid their hair before snuggling up to watch Beyoncé videos. Dasani was Joanie’s favorite. With this child, Joanie could finally be a mother. With Joanie, Dasani could be a child. A few months shy of essays, Dasani’s eighth birthday, Joanie fell gravely ill with leukemia. On March 7, 2008, she died in the same hospital where Dasani had been born.

She was 55. “Why she had to go away so quickly?” Dasani asks. At the funeral, mourners gasped as the tiny girl flung herself on the open coffin. Dasani kicked and wailed as Chanel tore her away. Joanie was cremated and her ashes placed in eraserhead critical essay a black and silver urn that remained with Dasani’s family, accompanying them like a talisman. Her death brought a rebirth. Chanel inherited $49,000 of Joanie’s pension savings. At the time, the family had been renting a small apartment in East New York through a city program offering time-limited subsidies to the homeless. That month, the family’s subsidy expired.

Chanel’s inheritance saved them from women, homelessness. Months later, the city began a new rent subsidy program called Advantage. With its help, Chanel leased a duplex on Staten Island, and in summer 2008, boarded the Staten Island Ferry with Supreme and the children. Columbia? It was their first time on a boat. Essays Society? They raced to the back and leaned into the salty mist. Staten Island was quiet and green. Terrorism 10? In their new apartment on women society North Burgher Avenue, the children rolled around on the wall-to-wall carpet. There they lay, pressed together, that first night. It was their first real home.

The children’s euphoria steadily rose with that of their parents. “When they’re happy, I’m happy,” Dasani says. “When they’re sad, I’m sad. It’s like I have a connection, like I’m stuck to them like glue.” Chanel and Supreme talked giddily of essay against terrorism for class, starting a youth center that would teach the Five Percent ethos known as the “Five P’s”: proper planning prevents poor performance. Supreme landed a job at Heavenly Cuts, a barbershop a few blocks away.

Chanel bought a used, cherry-red Dodge Durango and a rolling kitchen island at Home Depot. Women Society? She decorated the girls’ room with pink Barbie curtains, sheets and matching TVs. Columbia University Essay Question? The children ran barefoot in the backyard, racing across a Slip ’N Slide as Supreme grilled burgers. Joanie’s urn occupied a place of essays society, honor in the living room. This was, without question, the high point of their collective life.

It would take years for Chanel to understand why things so quickly fell apart. It was not obvious, in that blinding moment, that money could be useful only mellon dissertation, if they knew how to spend it. Women Society? To think it would bring salvation was as quixotic as expecting a set of essay against terrorism for class 10, keys to drive a car. Money was not going to heal a father who had never been a child. When customers took a seat in Supreme’s chair at the barbershop, they saw a pair of hands expertly at essays society work.

They did not see the boy who, at age 7, had learned that very skill by cutting his brothers’ hair while his parents were strung out on heroin. What money brought was a quick escape from all that. Over the next two years, Supreme and Chanel bobbed and wove through a fog of addiction. Supreme started doing heroin. Essay? Chanel became hooked on painkillers during an extended stay at Staten Island Hospital, where she was being treated for a recurrence of the tuberculosis she contracted in a shelter. Children’s Services hovered over the family, ensuring that Chanel and Supreme submit to random drug tests. Eventually, Supreme and essays society, Chanel stopped working. By August 2010, bedbugs had infested the family’s house, just as their rent subsidy once again expired.

The city’s shelters were filling with former Advantage recipients families who had been homeless before taking the rent subsidy, only to become homeless again. On Aug. About Causes? 20, Dasani’s family boarded the ferry to essays women Manhattan, where they headed to dissertation seminar the Department of Homeless Services’s intake office in the South Bronx. As Dasani’s family approached the entrance, Chanel spotted two abandoned baby turtles in a cardboard box. Women Society? She stuffed them in her pockets. Six days later, the family arrived at Auburn, along with its two forbidden pet turtles and russian essay contest, Joanie’s urn. C hildren are said to be adaptable.

On outward appearances, Dasani and her siblings became inured to the dehumanizing ways of Auburn the security checks at the entrance, the grimy bathrooms, the long waits for rancid food. Yet nothing prepared them for what happened on Sept. 7, 2011, a year after they arrived. Chanel and the children had been “logged out” of Auburn, the women official description of what happens when residents who have been absent for mellon dissertation seminar, more than 48 hours are sent to the Bronx intake office to fill out forms and answer questions. The entire family must make this onerous trip, even on school days.

That evening, tired and hungry, they returned to their room. It looked ransacked. Almost everything was gone: their clothes, shoes, books, television, toys, Social Security cards, birth certificates, photographs, love letters the traces of their existence. Joanie’s urn had also vanished. Chanel raced down to the security guards, Dasani chasing after her. “Where are my mother’s ashes?” she screamed. Essays Women Society? The story soon emerged: An Auburn employee had paid a resident $10 to clean out the room, as other residents looted the family’s valuables. Everything else was tossed in the garbage. Chanel bolted to the back of the shelter, where a large, metal incinerator holds Auburn’s rotting trash.

She waded in, the garbage reaching her waist. She searched frantically. This could not be Joanie’s final resting place, she kept telling herself. She cursed. She wept aloud. Finally, she stopped. The truth was setting in. Fifty-seven years after Joanie had been born, here in mellon seminar this very building, her remains were dumped in the garbage. Upstairs, the room felt cursed.

Joanie had always protected the children, in life and in death. Women Society? Even after the inheritance disappeared, her ashes had remained a steady guardian. But now Joanie was gone. In her absence, a devastating chain of events unfolded. Chanel paced the room that evening, desperate and broke. Aqa Gcse Literature Coursework Scheme? Supreme was gone after another fight. Essays Women Society? She expected no help from Auburn. Still, she had gone to the trouble of filing a complaint, writing in hurried print, “I don’t know what to do my kid start school tomorrow and I have nothing.” The next day, Chanel left the children alone in speculating about essays the room, defying the shelter’s rules, and hit the streets in society search of cash. A man approached her on Myrtle Avenue asking where he could buy drugs.

He did not look like an undercover officer, so she steered him to the projects. She was arrested and later pleaded guilty to drug possession charges, though Chanel maintains she was innocent. When Chanel did not return that night, Dasani felt something in the air. There was a knock at the door. Dasani shushed the kids.

They pretended to be asleep. Then the door opened as an Auburn supervisor and Homeless Services police told the children to get dressed. The Administration for Children’s Services had known for months that Chanel was getting high on essay opiates, but had been trying to keep the family together. After her arrest, a family judge ordered new drug tests for both parents, revealing that Supreme had also been smoking marijuana. With that, the women agency went to court to have the children removed. In a hearing on Sept.

20, the children’s lawyer objected, arguing that to mellon divide them among foster homes “who knows where in the city” would “present a greater imminent risk to the children than remaining where they are.” The judge struck a compromise: Both parents needed to comply with a drug treatment program. The children were to remain with Supreme, but Chanel temporarily lost custody. She had suffered all kinds of losses, but nothing compared with this. Who was she if not a mother?

She had always tried to be there, rarely missing a school play or a parent-teacher conference. On Sunday afternoons she would braid hair until her fingers turned numb. At bedtime each night, she flipped through the family dictionary to teach her children a new “word of the day.” Now, Chanel would be living with Sherry, only essays, seeing the children on supervised visits. She broke the news to the children on a park bench. “Take care of your siblings,” she instructed Dasani. Dasani was silent. Supreme ruled by fear.

If the children laughed too loud, he only had to yell “Shut up!” and they froze, a silent dread passing among them. Mellon Seminar? He had an essays women, old-fashioned approach to child rearing: Break the essay rules and you get the women belt. Chanel’s presence had tempered him. When she left, Supreme wrote two words on the wall in black marker: “King Me!” Under the agency’s supervision, both Chanel and Supreme made steady progress in columbia question a treatment program that required taking daily doses of methadone, a synthetic drug meant to control addiction. Nearly a year later, on Aug. 2, 2012, the women judge allowed Chanel to return to her family at Auburn under supervision from the Administration for Children’s Services. She came with a promise: They would save enough money to leave.

C hanel spreads the cash across her bed, all $2,800. The children stare in awe. #9632; “I don’t know why I feel so happy,” Avianna says. Chanel quickly stashes it, announcing no intention of russian, spending her long-awaited tax refund, which arrived Feb. Society? 13. “Once you start to break them bills, that’s it, they’re gone,” Chanel says the next morning. Question? She is walking through the projects, the money bulging from her pocket. She does not know where to essays women society put it, so she holds onto it and, more than anything, the feeling of having it. She pushes Baby Lele’s creaky stroller toward Downtown Brooklyn, whose street names mockingly suggest riches.

Gold. Tillary. Bond. She takes an inventory of all the things she could but won’t buy: a new stroller, sneakers, a hair-braiding session for the girls. Chanel knows that unless she finds a way to save her money, and persuades Supreme not to coursework mark scheme spend his own tax refund, they will never leave Auburn. And yet, planning has never been their way. Essays Women? “To plan something is to plan to russian contest fail,” she says. Women Society? “My plan is to do some goddamn laundry.” Tax season brings a sudden reprieve for a family that, with food stamps, has about $75 a day to spend. This amounts to $7.50 per mellon person in a city where three subway trips cost as much.

They survive because they live rent-free and have access to essays women three meals a day. Chanel is reminded of this when she stops to look at listings in the window of a real estate office near her methadone clinic. A one-bedroom in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, is going for $1,300 a month. She sees no option but to leave New York. In a show of commitment, Chanel gives $800 of her tax refund to Grandma Sherry in university exchange for women society, a used Chevrolet minivan, which is sitting in the driveway with no permit. Now they must wait for Supreme’s tax refund.

If only life imitated Monopoly, Supreme’s favorite board game, which he plays with the children on a mattress in their crowded room. Essay Contest? “I like building up property and collecting rent,” he says. But becoming a real renter, he finds, is far more challenging than claiming Park Place on a cardboard square. Auburn no longer has a housing specialist on staff the last one died four years ago and was never replaced. Supreme has learned to navigate the web on his prepaid Android from women, Boost Mobile, but the phone is often disconnected. Columbia University Question? Chanel feels like a fumbling fool on society the shelter’s computers. And then there is the problem of Baby Lele.

Investigators have repeatedly cited Auburn for providing no on-site child care, which hinders residents from searching for jobs or housing. Chanel is reluctant to leave Lele with other mothers at Auburn, many of whom have their own Children’s Services cases. If anything were to happen, Chanel’s custody could be in jeopardy. Instead, Chanel begins leaving Lele under the watch of essay, a friendly counselor at her methadone program, where children are not allowed. The counselor stands outside with Lele as Chanel darts in to swallow her orange liquid dose. When a clinic supervisor discovers the arrangement, Chanel is essays women society, exposed. If she keeps leaving Lele with acquaintances on the street, Children’s Services might find out. So Chanel stops going, and the clinic alerts the agency that she has fallen out of treatment. In March, the agency steps up its scrutiny, placing the family with a “prevention worker” who requires twice-weekly meetings. By now, Supreme has learned that his tax refund was seized by the government for child support owed to two other children he had before meeting Chanel.

Dasani knows before her mother says a word. They will not be leaving. D asani has learned to let disappointments pass in silence. Objecting does nothing to change the facts. #9632; But she reveals herself through the questions she asks. “Mommy, if these projects was your only choice, would you take it?” she asks Chanel one day in eraserhead March as they are out walking. Essays Society? Chanel nods reluctantly. Dasani lets it go. She knows not to push. Spring has brought a new set of worries. For the columbia essay wealthier children in Fort Greene, it is a season to show off new wardrobes.

For Dasani’s family, it is a time of essays society, scrambling. Aqa Gcse English Scheme? Appearances are more easily kept when the women same coat is all that people see. The project kids begin to ridicule Dasani’s pink sweatsuit, calling it “pajamas.” On March 19, she agrees to fight a girl from university question, school at nearby Commodore Barry Park. A crowd gathers as they establish the rules: No one can film it or tell a parent. They pull back their hair and Dasani punches her rival as they tumble to society the ground. A man walking his dog pulls them apart. That evening, Chanel inspects the cut on essay Dasani’s lip.

Chanel may fail in all kinds of ways, but she holds Dasani’s esteem in one powerful regard: The woman can fight. Dasani has grown up hearing her mother’s stories of street-battle glory, and watching her in the throes of countless slug matches with anyone who crosses her, including the essays society owner of a local laundromat. Chanel dismisses Dasani’s tussles at school as “kitty-cat fighting.” Back in mellon dissertation seminar her day, girls cracked one another over the head with bottles. No one wasted time pulling back their hair. “You gotta keep your hood credit up,” she tells Dasani. “You take the society biggest, baddest one down first and speculating, the rest of ’em will back up off of you. That’s just how it works.” The next day, Chanel and essays women society, Dasani wander up their favorite block of Myrtle Avenue, passing the Red Lantern, a bike repair shop that sells vegan cookies. They stop at a juice store that serves a hybrid clientele Fort Greene’s organic-forward newcomers and its health-conscious old-timers. There, Chanel spots an old flame.

He wears a long leather jacket and dark shades. She wonders if he is still dealing. Dasani eyes him closely. “That was her name from back when she was in the hood,” she says, forever cataloging the details of seminar, her mother’s past, even as Chanel tries to essays women part with it. “I’m good now, see?” Chanel crows, waving a hand over herself, as if motioning a transformation: clean, married, mother of eight. She nods proudly at her children.

It is Dasani’s belief that she and her siblings are the cause of her mother’s ruin. Literature Coursework Mark? It never occurs to her that, for women, Chanel, the children represent her only accomplishment. The next day, Chanel escorts Dasani to school. In the hallway, she spots the girl Dasani fought in the park. “You can fight my kid,” she says hotly, taking the girl by dissertation, surprise. “I’m with that.” Minutes later, the principal, Paula Holmes, sits Dasani down. Essays Women Society? “I believe you can change, but you’re not showing me that,” she says. Dasani returns to class feeling jaunty. The wrong message Chanel’s permission, rather than Miss Holmes’s prohibition has sunk in. “I’ma fight you,” she tells another girl. “My mother said she’ll let me fight.” With that, Dasani is suspended. Miss Holmes knows it is columbia, a risky move, but nothing else has worked.

The girl needs to be shocked out of essays, her behavior. On War Terrorism 10? The alternative is to fail in school and beyond. “Get your things and leave,” Miss Holmes tells her. Dasani will be out of school for a whole week. She cannot speak.

To be suspended is to be truly homeless. The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. Essays Society? The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. C hildren are not the critical essay face of New York’s homeless. Women? They rarely figure among the panhandlers and bag ladies, war vets and untreated schizophrenics who have long been stock characters in this city of contrasts. #9632; Their homelessness is hidden. Essay? They spend their days in school, their nights in shelters. They are seen only in glimpses pulling overstuffed suitcases in the shadow of a tired parent, passing for tourists rather than residents without a home. Their numbers have risen above anything in the city’s modern history, to a staggering 22,091 this month.

If all of the city’s homeless children were to file into Madison Square Garden for a hockey game, more than 4,800 would not have a seat. Yet it is the adult population that drives debates on essays poverty and homelessness, with city officials and others citing “personal responsibility” as the eraserhead critical essay central culprit. Children are bystanders in essays this discourse, no more to blame for their homelessness than for english literature, their existence. Dasani works to women keep her homelessness hidden. She has spent years of her childhood in the punishing confines of the Auburn shelter in speculating essays Brooklyn, where to be homeless is to be powerless. She and women, her seven siblings are at the mercy of columbia essay question, forces beyond their control: parents who cannot provide, agencies that fall short, a metropolis rived by inequality and indifference. The experience has left Dasani internally adrift, for the losses of the essays society homeless child only begin with the home itself.

She has had to part with privacy and space the kind of quiet that nurtures the mind. She has lost the dignity that comes with living free of dissertation seminar, vermin and chronic illness. She has fallen behind in school, despite her crackling intelligence. She has lost the simplest things that for other children are givens: the freedom of essays, riding a bicycle, the safety of columbia university question, a bathroom not shared with strangers, the ease of being in essays society school without stigma. And from all of aqa gcse scheme, these losses has come the women society departure of faith itself.

God “is somewhere around,” she says. Columbia University Essay? “We just can’t find him.” To trust is to be caught off guard. Dasani is unmoored by her recent suspension from the Susan S. Essays Society? McKinney Secondary School of the Arts. For months, this new school was her only haven. Dissertation? She had grown so attached to essays women society her principal, Paula Holmes, that she expected a measure of tolerance despite her outbursts, the kind of forgiveness she never gets at home. Her forced departure from school overlaps with spring break, plunging Dasani further into the morass of her family’s troubles. Her parents’ resolve to leave Auburn has vanished now that their savings plan fell apart, yet the shelter is pressing the family to leave while offering no assistance in finding a home.

Meanwhile, the Administration for Children’s Services has stepped up its scrutiny of Dasani’s parents, who are increasingly despondent. As pressure mounts from all sides, Dasani braces herself. She has seen this before the storm of familial problems that suddenly gathers force. “It’s a tsunami, just spinning around, nothing going right,” she says. “And I’m like, ‘Put my life back together!’ and it doesn’t happen. Your life doesn’t go the way you want it to go.” O n April 3, Dasani climbs up the steps of McKinney wearing her best cardigan. She lingers in about essays the hallway, keeping an eye on society Principal Holmes’s door. She is eager to try out the script her mother has drilled into her. Aqa Gcse English Coursework Mark Scheme? #9632; How was your spring break, Miss Holmes?

(Pause, wait for Miss Holmes to ask the same question.) Oh, it was good. Essays Women? I’m staying out of trouble! (Wait for Miss Holmes to laugh and then head for the door, showing new determination.) Gotta get to class! Instead, Dasani hangs back. Too many other students are ahead of her, vying for the principal’s attention. In class, she is quiet and focused. Mellon Dissertation? “It’s a new Dasani,” observes Officer Jamion Andrews, the security guard, his eyebrow dubiously cocked.

If she can avoid fights, Dasani tells herself, the women rest will fall into place. It is the taunts that she cannot resist. Her body gets “hyped.” She loses control. And that is mellon, precisely the behavior that Roxanne, her counselor at school, is trying to disrupt. In those moments, Dasani must learn to breathe in for 10 seconds through her nose and women, then breathe out for 10 seconds through her mouth.

Roxanne demonstrates. Dasani practices on her walk home from school. The two blocks of sidewalk between McKinney and eraserhead essay, the shelter can be a minefield. This week, one of Dasani’s classmates, Sunita, begins to essays women society stalk her along the way. Essay Against Terrorism In Pakistan 10? Sunita is a foot taller than Dasani and easily twice her 70 pounds. Their rivalry dates back three years to fourth grade, when Sunita, who lives in women the projects, began teasing Dasani about living at Auburn, prompting Dasani, then 9, to against for class throw her first punch. For days, rumors have been flying that the two will fight again. As school lets out on April 9, Dasani steps onto the sidewalk and is surrounded by a sea of essays women, girls. “You gonna fight her?” one of them asks breathlessly. “No!” Dasani yells loud enough for Sunita to hear. “Miss Holmes says if I get in another fight I get suspended.” Dasani’s restraint only eraserhead, emboldens Sunita, who walks up and slaps Dasani hard across her left cheek.

The crowd is hushed. Dasani tries to breathe. “You think that hurt? I eat those,” Dasani says, using one of her mother’s put-downs. The girl glares at essays Dasani. Breathe in 10 seconds. Suddenly, out of nowhere, Dasani’s 10-year-old sister Avianna jumps between them. “You better back up off my sister’s face before I hurt you,” Avianna yells. The girls might as well be twins. They share the same pillow, the same dresser, the same absent, biological father.

It is usually Dasani who comes to Avianna’s rescue, carrying her up four flights of dissertation, stairs to their room when her asthma strikes. But today, Avianna rises to the occasion, mouthing off fiercely at Sunita as the crowd disperses. Dasani is soon surrounded by all of her siblings, a familial force field. Their bond presents itself physically. When they walk, ride the bus, switch trains, climb steps, jump puddles, cross highways and file into Auburn, they move as a single being. In all things, they are one.

The sheer size of the family draws the notice of strangers, who shoot looks of recrimination at essays women the mother, Chanel. Yet she sees fortitude in terrorism in pakistan for class this small army of essays women, siblings, something she and her husband, Supreme, never had growing up. Essay? “That’s why the street became our family,” she says. “I didn’t want the street to become their family, too.” The children’s solidarity is striking enough that social workers frequently make note of it. “Family close knit,” reads one social worker’s report in March. They live in dread of the Administration for Children’s Services. They survived their mother’s absence for a year and take Supreme’s periodic disappearances almost in stride, but they cannot imagine losing one another. They know the foster care system can split up siblings across the city’s boroughs. Dasani is haunted by the thought of losing her baby sister, Lele, who just turned 1 and essays women society, sometimes calls her Mommy. All the children dote on Lele, but Dasani speaks her language, discerning hunger or a wet diaper in the baby’s cries. The 11-year-old girl responds with the instinct of a mother but not the eraserhead critical essay training. She pours artificially sweetened grape juice into Lele’s bottle as if it were liquid gold.

What would happen to essays women society Lele in the hands of strangers? “Some people don’t know how to take care of babies,” she says. The children have heard their father’s story how Supreme was torn from his siblings and years passed before he was reunited with them in the Marcy projects, in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. Supreme soon left home to join the russian crack trade. By then, another child of the society Marcy projects had also escaped.

She chose an essay against in pakistan, alternate path. “I was different, and I don’t regret it,” Faith Hester says, standing before her class in early May. #9632; She is not one to dwell on the past. But today, a student prompts Miss Hester to talk about her education. She was only 16 and living in the Marcy projects when she won a scholarship to SUNY Cortland. She packed a large orange suitcase. Her mother refused to take her to the train station. Essays? Girls married their way out of the projects. Going to college, the neighbors sneered, was trying to speculating about “be white.” So Miss Hester left alone that day, dragging her suitcase along Park Avenue. Essays Women? In college, she cleaned houses to help pay her way. Her mother did not speak to her for six months. “Sometimes you have to be alone,” she says, looking around the room.

“I don’t regret it for one second,” she says, slamming her hand down on a desk. “That was the essay on war against in pakistan 10 path!” The class is motionless. “Do you understand what I’m saying?” Miss Hester continues, her voice trembling. “There are going to be some places in your life where you feel bizarre. You feel outstanding. And remain that way. Stay just as you are.” Dasani stares at her teacher, mesmerized. “It takes a lot of courage to essays society be different,” Miss Hester says. When Dasani looks into the future, she sees who she won’t be.

She won’t be a dropout. She won’t do drugs or smoke or drink. She won’t get married, unless she finds “a gentle man, not a harsh man.” She won’t have children unless she can support them. She won’t end up on the street. “Spare some change?” she says, mocking a panhandler. “Nuh-uh.

Not me.” It is harder for Dasani to contest imagine who she might become. Society? She has been told she must reach for college if she wants a life of choices, but who will pay? Her mother is quick to ask that question whenever Grandma Sherry tries to encourage Dasani with the shining example of a niece who graduated from Bates College in Maine on scholarship. Other children talk of essays, becoming rap stars or athletes, escaping their world with one good break. Dasani subscribes to the logic of those fantasies. Essays Society? Her life is defined by extremes. In order to transcend extreme poverty, it follows that she must become extremely rich or extremely something. What exactly she cannot see.

To dream is, after all, an act of faith. She believes in what she can see, and Miss Hester is real. Her lecture that day leaves Dasani feeling uplifted. As she walks home with a classmate later that afternoon, they talk about a coming history project on ancient Egypt. Dasani does not see Sunita coming. “I’m gonna fight you!” Sunita calls out from the underpass, shedding her sweatshirt. Dasani pivots and starts walking against the traffic along Tillary Street. This time there are no siblings to russian essay contest come to her rescue. Get back on school property, she tells herself. Essays? She crosses over toward McKinney as Sunita charges up behind her. “Move before I punch you!” Dasani says.

But Sunita grabs Dasani’s shirt and pulls as Dasani takes a roundhouse swing. They fall to the ground, biting and scratching. Suddenly, another big girl piles on, kicking Dasani in the face and essay on war terrorism for class, laughing while Sunita holds her down. Somehow Dasani manages to essays society throw Sunita off balance, scrambling on top and pummeling her face before they pull apart, bleeding and crying. “I’m saying it right in russian front of your face,” Dasani yells, her chest heaving. “You wanna fight me some more ” “I will jump you in your face!” “I want you to!

I want you to!” Sunita’s brother orders her to retreat. “Take your ass in the house!” he yells. She turns obediently toward the Whitman projects as Dasani runs into women Auburn. Minutes later, Dasani emerges with Chanel, who heads to russian essay the projects ready to go. She will wait for society, Sunita’s mother all night if needed, and they can settle this themselves. But as Chanel presses for details, she learns that Dasani is dissertation seminar, hardly innocent: She had thrown Sunita’s book bag on the floor earlier that day and commented unfavorably on her “$2.99 sweater.” Chanel cools down and decides to handle the matter at school. The next morning, the two mothers and their daughters meet with Karen Best, an assistant principal who cuts to the chase.

“Had Dasani been seriously injured, we wouldn’t be sitting here having this conversation,” Miss Best says. “And that’s what you need to understand: Children as young as you go to essays jail. O.K.? Real simple.” The mothers nod. The girls stare at the floor. “She could have had a concussion,” Miss Best says. “You want to essay against terrorism for class 10 do something? Prove how smart you are.” “There you go,” Chanel says approvingly. “Everyone knows the negativity,” Miss Best says, looking at essays society both girls. “You got that down pat.

Show the brains.” B ack at Auburn, nothing is going well. The city’s shelters are packed with families, whose average length of stay 13.5 months is longer than ever. #9632; Dasani’s family is aqa gcse coursework mark scheme, among the outliers. It will soon be three years since they landed at essays Auburn. While the Department of critical essay, Homeless Services cannot limit a family’s time in the shelter system, the society agency can resort to punitive measures when residents are found to causes be uncooperative. On May 14, Supreme and Chanel are called to essays society a meeting at Auburn with two agency officials and the family’s shelter caseworker.

“I’m asking you: What have you been doing to dissertation seminar move out?” one of the officials asks Chanel and Supreme in a recording they made of the essays women society meeting. The official points at the family’s independent living plan with the agency. “You both signed it, O.K.?” the contest official says. Women Society? “It says, ‘This shelter is temporary housing.’ You must look for permanent housing for yourselves.” Violating the plan enough times means a family can be given an “involuntary discharge,” barring them from essay on war terrorism in pakistan 10, returning to women the city’s shelters for 30 days. During the meeting, Chanel and Supreme admit they have not searched for apartments. Eraserhead Critical Essay? They say there is no point, since they cannot afford city rents without the kind of subsidy that the department once offered. They complain that their room is miserable and ask if they can be transferred to a better shelter. “It’s really hard,” one of the essays society officials says. “Listen, you are not the essay only family in shelter.” “Tens of essays women society, thousands,” the official says. “Right, well, I have a different question,” Supreme says. “Do y’all fall under the mellon guidelines of the essays New York City Housing standards?” “Excuse me?” one of the officials says.

A few weeks earlier, the family had been walking the eraserhead essay elegant streets south of Fort Greene Park, searching “white folks’ trash” for discarded books and clothes. A thin, black volume caught Supreme’s eye: “McKinney’s Consolidated Laws of New York Book 52 A.” He began leafing through hundreds of pages of essays society, laws, noting the violations that his living arrangement presents: the lack of eraserhead essay, hygienic conditions, dividers for privacy and sufficient living space. “I think it’s inhumane,” Supreme mumbles. “I think one of essays women society, you all need to try it. Your husband, eight children, all in one room. No bathroom. Critical? I want to see how you all manage that for three years.” He might as well be talking to himself. “With the documentation we can move forward, O.K.?” one of the officials says.

Supreme seems not to society hear her either. “You never got no peace of mellon dissertation seminar, mind. You and your husband can never have a moment because your children are always in your face. You’d go crazy!” The meeting is essays women society, wrapping up. “Even now, they got the eraserhead essay bathrooms closed, so where you gotta go? All the women society way to the next floor,” Supreme continues. “I got a child who is legally blind.

I gotta monitor her every time she go to the bathroom. It’s, like, bananas. It’s really bananas.” T he children’s birthdays come in a mad springtime rush: Lele’s in March, Avianna’s in columbia university question April, the remaining six in essays women society the span of three and a half weeks. #9632; Expectations are calibrated based on columbia university where a birthday falls in the monthly cash flow. Those at the start of the month bring hope, while those at essays society the end of the month are luckless. So it goes for columbia university question, Avianna. Supreme hands her $11, one for each year of her life, but the next day, he asks for $5 back. She waits for essays, a cake. Days pass.

Finally, the children give up and light two small candles. Mellon? Like carolers, they hold them beneath Avianna’s face and sing. Avianna savors everything. While her siblings inhale their food, she will linger over each French fry. She spends her $6 slowly.

A week later, she takes her last dollar bill and folds it delicately, like a Japanese fan. She then places it inside a homemade card that Chanel opens on Mother’s Day. They pass that afternoon at the laundromat. There is only $190 left on Chanel’s debit card, the society balance of a tax refund that was supposed to rescue them from the mellon dissertation seminar shelter. In times like these, Chanel sees fit to steal groceries.

She tells the children to wait for her at essays women society a store’s entrance. She hides the habit from them. They hide their knowingness from her. Except for university essay question, Papa, a gaptoothed 5-year-old buzzing with energy. “You stealin’!” he squeals one day as Chanel makes off with two prepackaged burgers from essays women society, Target. “You crazy!” “Shut up, man!” Chanel says, before composing herself. “Look,” she tries more softly. “It’s not right to steal. But God knows when it’s for a good reason.”

This year, birthday season has the misfortune of colliding with four of the children’s grade-school graduations. They need new outfits, and money for class photos and speculating, parties. Chanel is accustomed to saying no when she has to, but she also recognizes the small luxuries that will separate her children from their peers. By the society time Dasani’s birthday arrives at the end of russian essay, May, she knows better than to expect $1 for essays, each of her 12 years. She has already pressed her mother too many times to pay for a school trip to Washington. Mellon Dissertation? Dasani has never been farther than Pennsylvania. She will hold out for women, that and let the birthday pass quietly. Chanel has no such intention. Dasani is russian, her jewel. Over the weekend, the essays family retreats to the rowhouse in East New York belonging to Grandma Sherry. The mood is light.

The children skip about as Supreme stands over the stove, tending to about causes his honey-barbecue wings. The time has come to sing. Essays? Chanel gently lifts a vanilla sheet cake out of its plastic casing as Dasani stares in wonder. Essay? The top of the cake is still blank, awaiting inscription. Her mother covers it with candles and essays women society, dims the lights. Dasani closes her eyes. If I could grant you three wishes, what would they be? her school counselor once asked her. A house of causes essays, our own, a lot of money and three more wishes, was Dasani’s answer.

She blows out the candles as the children clap. Chanel fetches a long, serrated knife. “Let me show you how to cut a cake,” she says, gingerly placing her hand over Dasani’s. Society? Together, they move the knife through the buttercream frosting. “Doesn’t have to be perfect,” Chanel says. Dasani bestows a sugar-flowered slice on for class 10 each of women, her siblings, taking a plain piece for herself. They race to the basement, where their two uncles are blasting the Black Eyed Peas. Screaming in delight, Dasani and her sisters leap onto essay against 10, a rickety, wooden platform and essays women, dance beneath a disco ball to “I Gotta Feeling” as Papa bounces around them. They barely register the hard-faced young men shuffling through the basement, exchanging elaborate handshakes, their heads hung low. Some play video games. Aqa Gcse English Literature Coursework Mark? Others mill about with girls in their teens wearing too much makeup and too little clothing. One of these girls, a baby-faced Dominican who works at the supermarket across the essays society street, hangs on Uncle Josh, flashing braces when she smiles. To curry favor, she hands Dasani a $20 bill as a birthday present.

Like other things in her life, Dasani could not have predicted such luck. She is still giddy, long after the girl has left in a huff, offended by Josh’s waning interest. It is essay on war in pakistan for class 10, now late and women society, the other children have collapsed on speculating essays a sagging beige couch. Dasani is dancing to Alicia Keys. She’s living in essays society a world and it’s on fire. Filled with catastrophe. But she knows she can fly away.

Dasani reaches up, her arms bathed in blinking lights, as if saluting an imaginary audience. Oh, she got her head in the clouds. And she’s not backing down. This girl is on fire. Dasani has never had a better birthday.

It feels like perfection. It hardly matters that the cake was stolen from Pathmark. T hree days later, it is raining as the children spill down Sherry’s steps. They are hungry and short on mellon dissertation seminar sleep. #9632; In theory, they are heading to the thing they most need psychotherapy. Chanel signed them up after learning that she can reap $10 per child in society carfare through Medicaid, at a clinic in the Kensington section of Brooklyn. Chanel needs the english literature cash. She is still hoping to find a way to send Dasani on her school trip to Washington, and the $75 deposit is due tomorrow. So despite the pelting rain, Chanel instructs the children to meet her at a subway station.

Only Hada is wearing a raincoat. Women? Papa’s hoodie slips off as he tips back to contest catch raindrops on his tongue. Essays Society? The children cross Lincoln Avenue holding hands. Dasani is in a foul mood. Aqa Gcse Literature Coursework Mark? There is no telling how her anger will reveal itself today.

Sometimes it comes as a quiet kind of essays, rage. She will stare at an indefinite point, her eyes blinking, her mouth set. Mellon Seminar? Other times, it bursts like thunder. Nijai trails behind, her glasses fogging over. Women Society? She has always been the odd orchid in this bunch of daisies, the about causes essays most delicate and sensitive child, made more frail by her advancing blindness. She can make out only vague shapes and colors. Essays? Soon she will have to causes use a cane, but for now she often rests a hand on Lele’s stroller to guide her. Today, Lele and the stroller have been left at Sherry’s. “I said move it!” Dasani yells at society Nijai. She starts shoving Nijai, harder and aqa gcse english mark, harder, knocking her sister into a metal fence. Then she punches her in the arm. Essays Women Society? “You stupid!” Dasani screams. “You think you smart, but you stupid!

Now keep walking!” Nijai begins to about sob as Khaliq yells, “Double up!” In pairs, they sprint across a six-lane highway and enter the Grant Avenue subway station, ducking under the turnstile to meet their mother. After they board the essays A train, she hands them a bag of lukewarm Popeyes chicken, furnished by a stranger. By the time they get off at seminar Jay Street, their stomachs are full and the mood is lifted. Essays Society? Dasani spots an about causes, umbrella on essays the ground. It still works, opening to reveal an intricate pattern of white and black flecks.

She twirls it around and, when the contest 103 bus pulls up, carefully closes it. Dasani and essays, Nijai race to the back of the bus, where the motor keeps the seats warm. They sit pressed together, newly reconciled. Dasani is soon asleep. The little ones watch, thumbs in mouth, as their mother closes her eyes. Every time the bus slows, she snaps awake. At Church Avenue, the children and mellon seminar, their mother pile off. The street looks familiar, but Chanel is unsure.

“We got off at the wrong stop,” Dasani announces. Chanel fixes her gaze on Dasani. “Shut the essays fuck up,” she says. “You know, that’s one thing I don’t like about you your negativity. About Causes? You always talkin’ about the problem. You got a solution?” Dasani carries a singular burden among her siblings. Essays Women? Chanel has vested enormous authority in Dasani. Her competence, agility and strength the attributes that could rescue Dasani from her life’s miseries also threaten to causes keep her mired in essays women society the problems that her mother cannot meet alone. At times, Chanel seems taunted by about essays, her dependence on essays women her daughter, which reminds her of her own failings. They walk single file toward Coney Island Avenue. Dasani tries to aqa gcse scheme recover.

“It’s this way, Mommy,” she says, gesturing hopefully toward a florist shop. They take a few steps before Chanel turns on essays women society her heel, remembering the way. “If you want to go somewhere, don’t listen to Dasani,” she says. Dasani freezes under her new umbrella. “I’m sick of your attitude,” she seethes. “There’s only like 15 kids going on this trip because people can’t pay. And me, who got nothing, is trying to send you and on war against terrorism in pakistan for class, you gonna give me attitude?”

Dasani keeps walking. Chanel’s fury mounts. She reaches for the same words every time, the women kind that echo for days in Dasani’s head. Dasani always gotta have the columbia university essay question answer. She think she special.

She think she some-fucking-body. Dasani’s face remains frozen as the tears begin to fall, like rain on a statue. “I don’t give a shit if she’s crying,” Chanel says loudly as they approach a small green house, marked by a gold-embossed sign that reads “Advanced Psychotherapy Behavioral Health Services.” “It’s only essays, one goddamn chief,” Chanel says. “I’m the only chief.” Inside, the children file into on war terrorism in pakistan their fourth “group therapy” session with a woman who asks vague questions like, “What are your hobbies?” She sounds more like a distant aunt than a counselor. Khaliq knows the difference. Earlier in the year, a Children’s Services caseworker had sent him to a therapist after he acted erratically in school. That therapist had asked questions like, “Do you want to kill yourself?” Those sessions felt like they never ended; these lasted only 20 minutes roughly two and a half minutes per essays society child. At the door, Chanel collects her $80 in carfare and the children head back into the rain. The cash instantly settles the family, leaving the eraserhead children calm and Chanel introspective. By the time they reach the bus stop, Chanel’s gray T-shirt is soaked through.

She is thinking about Supreme, whom she could not rouse from women society, bed this morning. “What gets me down is the responsibility,” she says. Essay Against For Class 10? “They got shoes on but no socks. I come all this way, on the bus, in the rain, to get the money so she can go on essays women society her trip.” She is shivering now. “Those are the things you are supposed to provide,” she scolds her absent husband. “You are the essay on war against terrorism in pakistan 10 man. You made this family, but you don’t provide.” Dasani watches her mother silently.

She wants to fix it. She can only feel empty. The day’s weight has passed from her sister to essays women society herself and mellon seminar, now to their mother, who is weeping in the rain. The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and women society, her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. Miss Hester Speaks to Dasani’s Class.

A mob of mellon dissertation seminar, spectators presses in, trying to see the tiny girl. Rap stars circle. The cameras roll. The crowd chants her name. #9632; “Da-Sa-Neee!” #9632; Her heart is racing. She looks up at society the sky and extends her fingers, but cannot reach high enough to essay in pakistan 10 grasp the metal bar. A powerful man hoists her up by the waist. In an women society, instant, she is midair, pulling and twisting acrobatically as the audience gasps at the might of this 12-year-old girl. “She’s a giantess,” the man had announced to the audience. “She’s tomorrow’s success, I’m telling you right now.” Dasani blinks, looking out at university essay the smiling faces. She cannot make sense of the society serendipity that has brought her here to russian Harlem, on this sparkling July day, to make her debut as a member of an urban fitness group teamed up with Nike.

But there is her beaming mother, Chanel; her father, Supreme; and all seven siblings. They are cheering and clapping as well. “I thought it was a dream make believe like this wasn’t happening,” she says. “You know, like in movies, people pinch themselves like this ain’t real.” It was only two months earlier that Dasani stood at the bus stop as her mother wept in the rain. Summer was fast approaching, a season that, in this family, always brings change.

The markers of Dasani’s life her first months in the care of Grandma Joanie, the day her family moved into their first real home, the loss of that home two years later, when they landed in the Auburn shelter these all came in summertime. There was no telling what this summer might bring. Women? Dasani could no sooner predict landing a spot on the Harlem team than she could foretell the abrupt changes that still lay ahead. Already, the court-mandated supervision of the family by essay on war terrorism in pakistan, child protection workers had run its course. Chanel’s nine-month trial period was suddenly over, leaving her custody secure, just as new problems came along. School was winding down when the children learned that their only other refuge Grandma Sherry’s rowhouse in East New York, Brooklyn had gone into society foreclosure. Sherry could end up homeless as well, at english coursework mark scheme a time when New York’s shelter population had surpassed a historic 50,000. As the days grew hotter, Dasani and her family remained stuck in the same miserable room at Auburn. And yet summer, no matter how stifling, also carried a certain promise, the essays women society kind that comes of 10, chance encounters on essays women the street. I t is a muggy night in Harlem, but the speculating causes children do not care.

They savor any chance to visit. #9632; This is the place where, a decade earlier, Chanel and Supreme fell in love. They have returned over the years, pulled by the Five Percent Nation, the movement spawned 50 years ago by a contemporary of essays society, Malcolm X who broke from the mellon Nation of Islam. Tonight, people swarm into the Harriet Tubman Learning Center on West 127th Street for the organization’s annual gathering, pushing past security guards and essays society, a vendor with pins that declare, “I ♥ being God.” Supreme mills about in the foyer, greeting old friends with tight hugs. Chanel trails him, her chin high, her daughters’ hair freshly braided. It is a rare moment of belonging in aqa gcse mark scheme a year of rootlessness. As the essays women society sun sets, Dasani and her family step out for some air. A man brushes past them, walking along West 127th Street. His hooded sweatshirt is pulled low over his face, which is dusted by causes, a salt-and-pepper beard. He moves with the purposeful air of a celebrity in hiding. “I seen your videos,” Chanel says, stopping him in his tracks. For years, Dasani’s family had been watching the women DVDs of this former convict turned fitness guru who calls himself Giant.

His team, Bartendaz, combines pull-up acrobatics on city playgrounds with a militaristic message of self-improvement, steering followers away from russian essay contest, drugs and alcohol to “the bars of health.” Giant looks Chanel up and down, noting the essays open beer she has sheathed in a brown paper bag. “Bud don’t make you wiser,” he observes, flashing a smile that reveals a perfect row of teeth. Chanel ignores the comment. She is already thinking through the possibilities presented by this accidental meeting. She steers Dasani to some empty pull-up bars at a nearby playground. “Show him what ya got!” she calls out. Giant, whose name is Hassan Yasin-Bradley, accepts the impromptu audition the way a famous film director takes the waiter’s latest screenplay. While Giant remains on the fringe of prime-time America, he has his share of acolytes in mellon dissertation seminar Harlem. Dasani springs to essays the bars and begins to knock out an impressive set of pull-ups, her shoulders popping with the muscles of an dissertation, action figure.

Giant is still chatting with Chanel when he looks over and pauses. Chanel senses that she may be on to something. She explains that Dasani has been doing pull-ups in Fort Greene Park for years. Women? She can also dance, do gymnastics, run track. About Essays? All she lacks is training of essays society, any kind. Now it is Giant’s mind that races through the possibilities. The girl is uncommonly strong. She has a telegenic smile. She’s spunky. “She seems like just the kind of girl we could use on critical essay our team,” he says, grinning at Dasani, who grins back.

Giant quickly explains how his team works: It has a limited partnership with Nike that will hopefully lead to bigger things. Essays Women? In the causes meantime, the team earns modest pay in women society exchange for aqa gcse english literature, holding training clinics, and performing at concerts and society, other events. At the very least, he concludes, Dasani merits a proper tryout. “Meet me at the park next Saturday,” he says, leaving his number before disappearing. Dasani lies awake that night. It is the first time in her life she can see a path to essay on war against terrorism in pakistan something else. What exactly, she is not sure. She has not even had her tryout. But for a girl who has spent her life tempering expectations, she cannot stop herself from dreaming just a little. “I’ma save all my money so we can get a house,” she tells her mother.

M oney is especially tight. This might explain why, in Dasani’s words, Mommy goes “loco” during an inspection of the family’s room at Auburn. #9632; There is a knock at the door. Essays? Chanel lets in the inspector, who promptly demands that she surrender the family’s forbidden microwave oven. Chanel refuses. She cannot afford to buy a new one, nor can she fathom having to wait in line every night to russian reheat 10 dinner trays in one of the shelter’s two microwaves. The inspector leaves, and by the time two security officers with the essays Department of Homeless Services arrive to seminar confiscate the microwave, Chanel has hidden it in a friend’s room. As for the inspector, Chanel offers to “punch that bitch in society the face.” Dasani believes that her mother’s biggest problem is her mouth. She reflects on this as her homeroom teacher, Faith Hester, delivers a lesson that week on personal responsibility.

“I don’t ever wanna hear, ‘Well, my mother told me to do this,’ unless you know that that’s the right thing,” Miss Hester tells the class. The teacher has shimmied into an empty desk next to Dasani. “I am telling you, as sure as I’m sitting here,” Miss Hester says, her arm resting across Dasani’s desk, “you’re gonna be held responsible for the choices you make.” Hands shoot up in the air. Dasani recounts how her longtime rival, Sunita, began following her after school, and slapped her. “And so, my mom is a violent parent, so you can’t tell her anything about fights because then she gonna want to get a stick and tell you to eraserhead critical knock the chick out.”

Miss Hester arches her brows. “O.K.,” Miss Hester says. “Now, let me ask you: Do you think that was the right thing to women society do?” The class erupts in chaos. “O.K., O.K.!” Miss Hester yells. “I’ma tell you what I would have told my kid.” They fall silent. “Not everybody has something to lose,” Miss Hester says. “You care about your life,” she continues. “There are people out there who are so hurt they don’t care about leaving here. They are looking for an opportunity to do something crazy and ridiculous.

They have nothing to live for.” Dasani ponders this. “I am telling you to listen to your internal barometer,” Miss Hester says. Essay Terrorism In Pakistan? “Think about essays society your next move before you make your next move.” Dasani is still in bed the speculating about next morning when her mother rises from a fitful sleep and heads to essays society the corner store with her sister Avianna. University Essay? All around, men are leaving the essays projects to report to dissertation early work shifts. Chanel stands in essays women the cold, watching them. “Your father should be doing that,” she says. Just that week she had stopped a flag waver at a construction site. It seemed like a job that Chanel could perform beautifully.

The woman told her about an organization that helps people with G.E.D.’s find work. For Chanel, words like “G.E.D.” end a conversation. It has been 20 years since she sat in a high school classroom. She can feel like a foreigner in her own country, unable to speak the language of bank accounts and loan applications. When filling out medical forms, she stops at the box requiring a work number, frozen by its blankness. “I want my kids to be able to columbia question come see me at my job, pick up my paycheck,” she says that afternoon, standing with Dasani outside Au Bon Pain, where the day’s pastries will soon sell at a discount. “Just be reliant on my money, you know what I’m sayin’?” Dasani stares at her mother anxiously.

“I’m tired of my kids seeing me dull,” Chanel says. “It’s my time to shine.” “I don’t see you dull,” Dasani says quietly. “I see you shine.” D asani spends the week before her tryout for essays, Bartendaz in speculating about essays focused preparation, training on the fitness bars next to the basketball court in Fort Greene Park in essays women society Brooklyn. At night, she replays the team’s DVDs over and over, studying the members closely. At school, she tells no one. This new dream is carried on practical terms. It is less about columbia essay question helping herself than about making her parents whole. In the meantime, Dasani worries about the women most immediate challenge, which is to get to Harlem on time. Punctuality is critical essay, a miracle in her family.

On Saturday morning, there is no sign of Dasani as the Bartendaz start to warm up at the playground at 144th Street and Lenox Avenue. Soon they are causing a commotion that slows the traffic. One after another, they fly onto the bars, whipping through moves that seem to essays women society defy gravity. Some of them wear black T-shirts with the logo of a man bending a bar, his brain lit by a bulb. “Salute that mind!” Giant calls out to his followers. There is Cinderblock, Honey Bee, Sky, Earth, Water, Blaq Ninja, Salubrious and Mel Matrix. Giant’s second in command is Dr. Causes Essays? Good Body, a self-described athletic alchemist (“the library is my alma mater”) who transforms the “base metal” of a person’s character into “gold.” Giant orbits around his team, issuing commands in a lyrical code that is impenetrable to outsiders. He is women, especially fond of abbreviations.

A favorite is “C.A.P.” Character, Attitude and Personality. His nickname, Giant, stands for Growing Is a Noble Thing. It is essay contest, a bold name for a man who stands just 5-foot-7. Born Warren Hassan Bradley, he grew up in the Baruch projects on the Lower East Side, where in his teens he became known as a D.J. and street fighter skilled at hiding razors in his mouth and spitting them out in combat. He started selling drugs, and was sent to prison in 1989 on two felony drug charges. Like Dasani’s father, Giant left prison transformed. He had earned a high school equivalency diploma and devoted himself to Islam. Society? (He looks askance at the teachings of the Five Percent.) He also found a way to capitalize on the pull-up bar routines that he taught himself in prison yards. Columbia University Essay Question? By the women time he started Bartendaz in 2003, he was already drawing crowds to Harlem’s playgrounds. Dasani finally arrives, her mother and columbia university, two siblings in tow, as the team’s practice winds down. Dressed in women bright-pink shorts and matching flip-flops, she is a dwarf among titans. “What’s your name again?” Giant says.

“Like the columbia university water,” Chanel says. He turns to the group. The tryout begins with a set of essays women, pull-ups, demonstrated by essay, Blaq Ninja and Sky. Dasani coasts through the exercise. “Damn!” a team member says as the others whistle. Giant remains cool to the newcomer, telling Dasani “stay there, breathe” as she pedals her feet in the air while holding her head level with the bar.

Her next test comes on essays the parallel bars, where she knocks out a set of dips in university question good form, and then pedals again as Giant counts aloud, shaking his head incredulously. Next, they hit the floor for push-ups. “Do some diamonds!” Chanel calls out. Dasani connects her hands in the shape of a diamond as she dives into a set of flawless push-ups. Then she goes for broke, clapping her hands behind her back, mid-push-up. Honey Bee captures the image on the team’s iPad before Dasani comes crashing to the ground, promptly dusting herself off. “Look at essays women society this!

Look at this!” Giant says, running over to show Dasani the iPad photo. “You tellin’ me I can’t sell this poster for $100?” A young boy sidles up. The team has drawn spectators who live as far away as Norway and Japan. This one is a local. “Excuse me,” he says to columbia university essay question Dasani. “Can you do a pull-up again?” She nods gamely as he calls out to his friends: “Yo! Come here!

She about to women society do it!” “Wait till they see you in three weeks,” he says. The family is ecstatic. Supreme runs to the corner store for causes essays, a dozen roses. Women? He hands them to Chanel. “Dag, I love it here,” he says, looking at her tenderly. Eraserhead Critical Essay? “We should come back to Harlem.” C hanel soon finds reason to be suspicious of Giant. Women? He is charming, she thinks, but confusing on details like payment and a promised contract. Giant, too, can spot a hustler, and he seems wary of Chanel. #9632; On the day of the tryout, he treats her children to lunch at university essay question a local bodega, joined by society, Malcolm X’s grandson Malik, a friend of the team. Eraserhead Critical? Malik congratulates Dasani, handing her a bottle of peach-flavored Snapple.

She carries the bottle with both hands, later writing “Malcolm X grandson” on the label before stashing it in her dresser at Auburn. The next day, when Dasani’s siblings tag along to women society practice again, Giant senses that Chanel expects him to speculating causes essays repeat the essays women society invitation. He skips the meal, but reassures Chanel that her daughter, like his other team members, will be compensated for events. The first one is a training clinic this Thursday. All Chanel needs to do is bring Dasani. The rest is Dasani’s job. “That’s why we got the word ‘responsibility,’” Giant tells Dasani in front of Chanel. “Response” he holds up his right hand “Ability” then his left hand. “So respond to what? Your ability. About Causes? Not your mom’s ability.”

On Thursday afternoon, Dasani asks if her mother has heard from essays society, Giant. Speculating Essays? Chanel is tired after a long day and essays women, cannot imagine taking Dasani all the on war against in pakistan for class 10 way to essays Harlem. “He never called,” Chanel tells Dasani. Up in Harlem, Giant had been calling repeatedly. He checks his phone, looking for a response.

He shakes his head. Dasani goes to sleep feeling crushed. She wakes at 5 a.m. for the long-awaited school trip to aqa gcse english literature scheme Washington. Still feeling glum, she boards the bus on an empty stomach, sitting alone with a thin blue blanket laid carefully across her legs. Five hours later, as they approach the Capitol, Dasani presses her face to the window. It looks different here. People walk slower.

There is space everywhere trees, monuments, water. She can see off into the distance, her view unobstructed by skyscrapers. She is paying special attention, trying to record what she sees so she can describe it later to her sister Nijai. Remember every single detail, Nijai had implored. It is essays women society, not just that her blindness prevents her from seeing it herself. It is that Washington represents Nijai’s roots, the city where she was born and last saw her mother alive. After a tour of the memorials, the bus stops near the White House. Dasani runs to the tall, wrought-iron gate and looks between the bars. On the essay on war terrorism sidewalk, a group of protesters wearing orange suits and essays women society, black hoods are chanting foreign-sounding names.

Dasani has never heard of Guantánamo. But she knows what a jail uniform looks like from visiting her Uncle Carnell. Causes? These people, she concludes, are supposed to be prisoners, and essays women society, they want President Obama to close their jail. She shakes her head. “I don’t know why they protesting in front of Obama’s house like he gonna be in coursework mark here,” she says. There is essays, hardly a trace of the child who had once scoured Gracie Mansion for a glimpse of the mayor. A week has passed with no word from Giant. Critical Essay? Dasani keeps doing her pull-ups. Essays Women Society? Tucked in the top drawer of her dresser is the mellon empty Snapple bottle given to her by essays society, Malcolm X’s grandson. #9632; “It’s all right,” Dasani tells her mother. “I didn’t get attached.”

Detachment is as much a rite of essay contest, Dasani’s summers as sunbaked afternoons in the park. She bids farewell to Miss Hester and the principal, Paula Holmes, bracing herself for a 10-week absence from the essays women society Susan S. McKinney Secondary School of the Arts. Summers also bring more regular visits to aqa gcse english literature scheme Grandma Sherry’s, where the children can ride up and down Lincoln Avenue on rusted bikes. But this year, Sherry has bad news. The bank is coming for her house. Essays Women Society? In another month, a court marshal will see her out the door if she is not gone. Sherry has two bad choices: She can enter the shelter system or she can leave her children and grandchildren behind in New York and move in for class with her sister in Pittsburgh. If Sherry leaves, Chanel will have lost her only women, support, the woman who partly raised her. Chanel copes in a way that puzzles Sherry: She stops taking Sherry’s calls. It is Chanel’s way of detaching, of leaving a relationship before it leaves her. Sherry finally decides to go to english literature coursework mark Pittsburgh.

When she does get the children on the phone, she tells them that she is not sure when she is leaving, but that “the Lord will take care of you.” In the midst of this, Dasani finds herself thinking about Bartendaz. A month after her tryout, she resolves to essays society give it another chance: She will report to mellon dissertation seminar practice by herself, as if nothing has changed. But as she announces her departure one morning, Supreme stops her at essays the door. “Not before this place is straightened up,” he says. By the time Dasani finishes, practice is over. The next morning, she gets up feeling defiant. She looks at Supreme, who is contest, still asleep. How you gonna take my destiny away from me? she thinks. Dasani turns to her mother, and society, Chanel waves at her to leave before he wakes. Accompanied by her siblings Khaliq and Avianna, she jumps the train to Harlem.

“Long time no see,” Giant says by way of a greeting. He gives Dasani a stern lecture: “If you know you’re not gonna be consistent, then I need to know so I can invest in someone else.” Dasani is confused. Her parents say that he never called. His version of events is quite the opposite, but he thinks it best to simply say that “there must have been a miscommunication.”

Dasani does not know what to believe, but she begins training with Giant every weekend, accompanied by her twin in all things, Avianna. They are in Harlem on essay on war against terrorism for class 10 the day a moving truck pulls up to essays society Sherry’s house. Russian? Alerted by phone, Chanel arrives moments before Sherry’s departure. “I’ma hide in society the truck,” 8-year-old Maya says. Chanel walks through the house she has known since she was born. She pauses at the bathroom’s worn wooden door, which reminds her of her father. He is there at that door, some flicker of essay, a memory. Those are the things one loses with a house, not the shelter itself but the irretrievable belonging it brings.

On the stoop, Sherry and Chanel hold each other for women, a long time. Dasani does not get to say goodbye. T he sadness of Sherry’s departure is eclipsed a week later when Dasani makes her big Bartendaz debut. Her routine is captured on video for the opening sequence of Giant’s forthcoming DVD, and aqa gcse english literature mark, Dasani receives her first earnings: $70. She is too excited to society think twice when Supreme asks if he can borrow some of it. Russian? He buys pizza for the children and keeps the rest. Society? Dasani is distracted by the day’s other gifts the cheering crowd, the chance to essay on war against in pakistan for class 10 pose with the rappers Jadakiss and Styles P. She is still floating two days later, when Giant summons her to a basketball clinic for boys. He wants her to “mentor” them. It seems like an society, odd request for a girl who was recently suspended from school. Essay? But that is Giant’s point: She needs to act like a mentor before she can feel like one.

She soon takes to the task, guiding boys several inches taller as they struggle into feeble pull-ups. When Dasani orders them to line up, one of the boys smirks, saying, “You not staff.” “Oh yes I am,” Dasani shoots back. She is bonding with her team most of all with Sky, a nursing student, and Earth, who just got her bachelor’s degree in society psychology at Queens College. “I’ma take all of Sky’s moves,” Dasani says jauntily as she hits the low bars. They laugh and laugh, never ceasing to delight in their youngest member.

But when Chanel comes striding up, offering unsolicited tips, they go quiet. Later that afternoon, Dasani tells Giant about her loan to Supreme. Long after she leaves practice, he is still livid. Can this even work, he wonders. “You’re fixing a child to against terrorism 10 send back to essays society broken parents.” S ummer’s end marks the essay contest third anniversary of Dasani’s arrival at Auburn, on society Aug. 26, 2010. #9632; Three years a quarter of her life most of it spent in one room. She has gotten so used to the smallness of it that she can scarcely recall how to live with more space. To Dasani, sometimes it seems like only tragedy brings change. The next morning, on Aug.

27, she wakes to a high-pitched scream. It is english literature, her neighbor in women Room 445, a single mother named Aisha. Her 3-month-old daughter, Casshanae, has turned blue. “My baby’s not breathing!” she wails. A petite 27-year-old from Pennsylvania, Aisha had come to Auburn in early May, seven months pregnant with Casshanae. She was born premature with respiratory distress syndrome and developed feeding problems, all of which was noted in the records that Auburn received. The infant’s problems were serious enough that a hospital social worker asked the Department of Homeless Services to transfer the baby, Aisha and her 1-year-old son to another shelter equipped to handle medical needs. The agency declined to do so, even after Aisha filed a complaint that a male resident had sexually assaulted her in her room at Auburn on June 18. Nor did the speculating essays shelter’s staff members heed Aisha’s repeated complaints when they gave her a damaged metal crib for the infant, with a loosefitting sheet and a mattress permanently stuck in the lowest position. But now she is screaming, and everyone hears her.

A security guard calls 911. Women? None of the staff members try to resuscitate the baby, even though they are certified in speculating causes CPR. Essays Society? Aisha fumbles to breathe air into her baby’s lungs as paramedics rush into the lobby. They race to Brooklyn Hospital Center, where a doctor pronounces Casshanae dead at 8:10 a.m. Later that morning, Aisha returns to the fourth floor to speculating about essays pack her things. Essays? Her screams rattle the shelter again. As she leaves, Dasani lingers by the door. On War Terrorism In Pakistan For Class 10? She hears a security guard telling a superior that Aisha left the children alone the previous night.

The official asks the guard to file a report. Dasani shudders and closes the door. That will never happen to Baby Lele, she tells herself. The next day, the Administration for Children’s Services takes custody of Aisha’s son pending the results of an investigation into the baby’s death. Soon after, Dasani sees inspectors walking through the shelter as new cribs are delivered to residents and crib-safety posters are slipped under doors. Aisha is summoned back to women Auburn by investigators from the medical examiner’s office. At their request, she re-enacts the morning of her baby’s death, when she says she found Casshanae lifeless in essay against in pakistan for class the crib.

They take pictures of the crib, its sheet still crumpled. An autopsy was unable to determine the cause of death. D asani tries not to think about the dead baby. #9632; Her room is essays society, sweltering. The children want nothing more than to get out and cool off. They put on their bathing suits. English Literature? They have gone swimming only once this summer. First, they stop into Chanel’s methadone clinic in Red Hook, Brooklyn, a dim brick building sandwiched between a highway overpass and a garbage dump. Essays? Chanel waves at Dasani to come inside.

She has been bragging to the staff about Giant, who continues to work with Dasani on the condition that she is paid in kind, not cash. “No one can take a pair of sneakers,” he reasons. “He just stingy,” Chanel says. But she has gone along with it, proud as a stage mother. “So look out for Dasani, man,” Chanel tells a woman behind the eraserhead essay desk. “She gonna be out soon.” “I believe I am already out,” Dasani says. Chanel leads her children three more blocks to the same Depression-era building where she passed her summers as a child. They carry one thin towel to share. Dasani squints at essays women society the Olympic-size pool, a turquoise expanse that glistens in the sun. Columbia University? She dives in first. All is cool and silent. She comes up for air, releasing a rapturous cry.

The uncertainty of Dasani’s life is deepening. Supreme is now gone, having checked into a residential treatment program to try to essays get off methadone. Right before school starts in September, Chanel uproots Dasani from McKinney, reasoning that she will be less likely to fight in the company of Avianna and Nijai at a neighboring school. Dasani is unsettled. Every afternoon, the three sisters turn up at McKinney like stray puppies, passing the mellon dissertation seminar time with Miss Holmes and Miss Hester. Women? The principal offers to enroll all of them. Finally, on Sept. 25, Chanel relents. “Oh my gooney goo hoo,” Miss Hester squeals as Dasani, Avianna and speculating, Nijai skip up the hallway. “I’ve been praying on this.” Back at Auburn, residents begin to women notice small changes.

In the wake of Casshanae’s death, the eraserhead essay shelter is providing a steadier supply of formula, diapers and other items to mothers, and women society, the cafeteria has a few more items on contest its menu. These fixes hardly address the systemic breakdown that state inspectors are uncovering. On Oct. 1, they inform the Department of Homeless Services of society, a devastating litany of violations. The fire safety system is essay, virtually inoperable. The shelter has no certificate of occupancy. Its record-keeping is a mess. The registration cards of 25 of its security guards are expired or missing.

Black mold is spreading in the shelter’s bathrooms, many of which spew exhaust thick with dust and debris. During one visit, inspectors see an asthmatic 3-year-old child coughing and vomiting so much that 911 is called. With no air-conditioning, the rooms reach dangerously high temperatures. Essays? A month before she died, Casshanae was living in a room where temperatures reached 102 degrees. The state’s conclusion: No child with chronic breathing problems should be at the shelter, and no children under age 2 should live there at all “due to the lack of amenities for this young and vulnerable population.” In other words, Dasani’s family with a 1-year-old, two asthmatic children and another who is legally blind should never have been living at Auburn in the first place.

I n the early afternoon of Oct. 17, Chanel is summoned to the office of the shelter’s administrators. #9632; They have stunning news: The family can finally leave Auburn. A space has opened at speculating about causes another shelter an apartment with a kitchen. But they must go today. Essays Women? They have a few hours to pack. University Essay? Other families are also moving, and the Department of Homeless Services has arranged for vans. Chanel has longed for this moment.

But now that it is here, she feels wholly unprepared. Supreme is still in women society rehab. Dissertation? Her food stamps have been stolen. Women? She has $9 in cash. How will she instantly produce three meals a day for eight children? She has no frying pans, dishes, utensils or toilet paper. Essay Terrorism In Pakistan For Class 10? She does not even have the address of this new shelter. “I don’t know what to do,” Chanel says.

She returns to Room 449 and women society, tells the children. Dasani is in shock. Chanel rushes them off to therapy. Russian Contest? Whatever happens, she needs the cash. It is drizzling out, and Dasani’s head is spinning. All she can think about is society, her school. Just after willing her way back to McKinney, she is poised to lose it again. It is strange, this feeling of heading toward an address they don’t yet have, while having to say goodbye in the span of a few hours to the place where they have lived for english scheme, years.

After therapy, it is getting dark. Women? The shelter’s lights blaze from on war in pakistan 10, within. Chanel orders the children to pack only the women society most essential things. Auburn has given them 20 clear plastic bags. That is the limit.

They will have to come back for Turtle. At 9:26 p.m., Chanel and her children board the last van just before it pulls away. An hour later, the columbia essay van approaches their new residence. They are in Harlem. Of the essays women 152 shelters where Dasani’s family could have landed, they have somehow wound up at a six-story brick building on West 145th Street. It is one block from the Bartendaz base. “I am right next to the park,” Dasani tells Giant on the phone, enunciating each word. “I’m here! I’m in Harlem!” Chanel grabs the russian essay phone, eager to hear his reaction. “You see?” Giant tells Chanel. “The Lord sent you right here next to me.”

The children wait on society the front steps as Chanel fills out paperwork in the office. It feels different here. The block is awash in streetlights and teeming with pedestrians. There are fewer trees. But in russian essay contest other ways, Harlem is women, like Fort Greene. Nearby is a new bistro called Mountain Bird that offers a foie gras soup and columbia university essay, a shrimp-bisque mac and cheese. One by one, the children peek in on their mother, anxious for updates. They will be living on the third floor, Avianna announces. She locates the silver button on essays women society the intercom, gently running her finger over speculating essays, it. Finally, Chanel appears with the keys. They climb three flights and step inside.

It is a real apartment, with clean, beige walls and hardwood floors. There are two bedrooms, a full bathroom and a kitchen joined to a living room. Metal blinds hang from the windows, and clean sheets are folded on the bunk beds. Fresh, home-cooked meals again, Dasani thinks to herself as the women children race about maniacally. Hada opens a closet to find a diaper on speculating the floor. Chanel smells it, declares it clean and stashes it for Lele. She inspects the mattresses, which are in good condition.

She opens the refrigerator, looks at the stove and sink, and then turns toward the women living room. She clasps her hands in front of her face, as if in prayer. “Oh, man, I’m happy!” she says, her eyes shining. “I thank God for this. Thank you.” C hanel cannot sleep that first night. #9632; She keeps checking the locks as her children lie deep in slumber. The five older girls share two bunk beds alongside Lele’s crib. The boys sleep in the living room.

Chanel reserves one bedroom for herself and Supreme. It will be their first privacy in years, whenever he comes back. Chanel is feeling more panicked than celebratory. “I got to make sure I provide,” she says. The move has plunged Chanel into the ice-cold waters of contest, independence.

She now has $39, counting the money gleaned from therapy. It will be more than two weeks before her next food-stamp allotment arrives. When the children wake, Chanel drags a rolling cart onto society, the subway and returns to Auburn to retrieve more of their belongings. Thankfully, the room has still not been cleared. Chanel leaves with Turtle hidden in an empty baby-wipes container. By the essay against terrorism 10 next morning, Supreme has left rehab and rejoined the family. Society? Now they are almost broke. Aqa Gcse Literature Mark Scheme? Chanel can think of only one solution. She heads downtown to women society Macy’s, where she tries to university essay question steal a stack of men’s Polo briefs and undershirts, planning to sell them on the street for quick cash. A security guard intervenes, leading Chanel to the store’s private jail, along with Nijai, Avianna and Baby Lele, who toddles about the small, enclosed cell saying, “Out, out.” After Supreme collects the children, Chanel is arrested by the police and spends the essays society night in jail. When she comes home, Supreme declares that the stealing is english mark, over.

If they have to, they can beg. “Better to ask than take,” he says. It doesn’t quite feel like “begging” to Dasani, the way she has seen it in the movies, with peasants holding out women hands for coins. It is a little more dignified, how Supreme stands outside the local Pathmark, his children silently lined up next to him. As shoppers enter the on war terrorism in pakistan for class 10 store, he asks them to buy a few extra groceries “so I can feed my babies.” Dasani runs in with a woman who pays for Froot Loops and Corn Flakes. And so it goes, until a particularly generous man tells them to women just “get what you need,” and critical, they fill up the cart. Back in the apartment, the essays society family’s spirits begin to lift.

It is easy to forget they are still homeless as Supreme hovers at the stove, making corn bread from university essay question, scratch, popcorn shrimp, honey-barbecue wings and glazed turkey bacon. He has joined a new methadone program in Harlem. “They happier now,” Dasani says of her parents, who are fighting less now that they have more space. M iss Holmes is worried. #9632; Dasani and her sisters have been absent for days. Women Society? Under federal legislation, homeless children are granted the right to stay in one school even as their families move around. But in practice, there are no guarantees. Even if the girls were old enough to seminar ride the subway alone, the trek from Dasani’s new shelter to McKinney takes at society least an hour. When Chanel requests a bus pickup, only Nijai is approved because of her blindness.

Chanel has already found new schools for four of her other children. She thinks it best that Dasani and critical, her sisters switch to a Harlem school. If this happens, Dasani will be starting her third school in six weeks. Her sisters also plead. They are learning to play an instrument at women society McKinney. Essay On War In Pakistan 10? If they make enough progress, Avianna can keep her trombone, and women, Nijai, her clarinet.

She shows her mother the eraserhead essay march she is learning for the school band, holding her invisible clarinet aloft as she stomps her feet. Chanel is persuaded when she hears that Miss Holmes and Joshua Goldfein, a lawyer for Legal Aid, are pressing the Education Department to approve a bus for all three sisters. In the meantime, Chanel decides that she will take the girls herself. Early on Nov. 4, they board the No. 2 train, hurtling back to essays women society Brooklyn. In Fort Greene, the children walk along North Portland Avenue, passing Auburn and dissertation seminar, the projects, where they used to be called “shelter boogies.” See?

Dasani thinks to women society herself. I’m gone and you are still in the projects. Minutes later, they enter the warm corridors of McKinney. “Hi, Miss Holmes,” Chanel squeaks to the woman who always makes her feel like a schoolgirl again, back in the principal’s office. Dasani flies into Miss Holmes’s arms.

She feels safe again, “like I was made to be there.” The principal is shocked to essay terrorism in pakistan for class 10 see them. She did not think it would happen without the bus. Essays Society? As the girls are handed new backpacks and sent to class, Miss Holmes makes Chanel an offer: She can volunteer at seminar the school during the society day, whenever she needs shelter. She can even bring Baby Lele. “We always need plenty of help,” Miss Holmes says. “That will work out nice,” Chanel says. “But you can’t make a whole lot of noise,” Miss Holmes warns, back in the posture of principal. At the end of the day, the girls gather in essay on war against terrorism in pakistan 10 Miss Holmes’s office to wait for essays society, their mother.

“You have come home,” Miss Holmes says. “Everybody here is fighting to get you girls back here. There are certain things you have to do. Columbia University Question? Homework.” Soon, Chanel has arrived and is chiming in with the principal. No more bad behavior, she tells her daughters.

“We not gonna have that, you understand?” Chanel says. “Because soon I’m about to essays women be volunteering here.” The girls are silent. “So it’s gonna be a totally different song this year,” Chanel says. As they leave, Dasani turns and races back into for class Miss Holmes’s office. She leans in for another hug before darting out. “Goodbye, Dasani,” Miss Holmes calls after her. “And do your homework.” “Yes!” Dasani shouts over her shoulder. The child skips down the hallway toward her mother and essays women, sisters. The front door swings open, bringing a rush of air. Together, they step out into the cold. The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and critical essay, other candid moments.

Andrea Elliott, an investigative reporter with The New York Times, began following Dasani and her family in September 2012. The series is written in the present tense, based on real-time reporting by Ms. Elliott and Ruth Fremson, a photographer with The Times, both of whom used audio and video tools. Throughout the year, Dasani’s family also documented their lives in video dispatches from the Auburn Family Residence, which does not allow visitors beyond the essays society lobby. Ms. Elliott and Ms. Fremson gained access to the shelter to record conditions there. The reporting also drew from court documents, city and state inspection reports, police records, the contest family’s case files at city agencies and essays society, dozens of eraserhead, interviews with shelter residents. Most scenes were reported firsthand; others were reconstructed based on interviews and essays women, video and audio recordings. The Times is withholding the last names of Dasani and her siblings to protect their identities. The nicknames of some of Dasani’s siblings are used in place of university question, their birth names.

By Andrea Elliott. Photographs by essays women society, Ruth Fremson. Design, graphics and columbia university essay, production by Troy Griggs, Jon Huang, Meghan Louttit, Jacky Myint, John Niedermeyer, David Nolen, Graham Roberts, Mark Suppes, Archie Tse, Tim Wallace and Josh Williams. Reporting was contributed by Rebecca R. Ruiz, Joseph Goldstein and Ruth Fremson, and research by Ms. Women? Ruiz, Joseph Burgess, Alain Delaquérière and Ramsey Merritt .

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Resume Format Guide - Reverse-Chronological, Functional, Combination Styles. By Resume Genius. Making a perfect resume needs more than just error-free spelling and grammar. A resume must be framed and formatted to present you in essays women the best way possible, a process that requires combining creativity, composition, and marketing. Therefore, we’ve written this resume format guide to be a comprehensive resource to essay against for class 10 those looking to format their own resumes. We provide writing tips, expert advice, and sample images covering every resume format for your convenience. Looking for essays, more resume samples? Click the critical essay, link below. How to Choose the essays society, Best Resume Format. Use the chart below to get a quick idea of which resume format will be best for about causes, presenting your unique job experience.

As you may have seen above, job seekers have three options when it comes to formatting their resume: Chronological, Functional, and Combination . Each resume format has their own set of advantages and disadvantages for essays women, different kinds of job seekers, so be sure to choose wisely. Check out the in-depth writing guides below to get every bit of information needed to create the best resume for you: To get inspiration and an idea of what your resume can look like, we’ve created three huge libraries of resume format examples . The links below are separated by resume style and essay contest include industry-specific samples. Society. Visit each library and columbia university question find your industry. As the name suggests, a reverse chronological resume presents your work experience information from newest (most relevant) to oldest (least relevant).

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I shouldn’t use a reverse chronological style if… I have multiple gaps in dissertation my employment history. I am considering working in a new industry I frequently change jobs. To learn more about what should be in included in a reverse-chronological resume, click here. The functional resume format frames the candidate in terms of the skills and essays society abilities he/she believes are most relevant to the job opening . Unlike the russian essay, reverse chronological resume, the functional resume ignores when and where the essays women, candidate learned or performed those skills . The candidate and simply lists them at the top of the resume in order of most relevant to columbia least relevant skills. Even the “least relevant” skill should still be relevant to the job you are applying for. “Least relevant” here really means “the least relevant of your most relevant skills.” Warning: Many human resources professionals have negative impressions of functional resumes precisely because they do not reveal chronological information, making it seem like the candidate is hiding something.

By using the functional format, job candidates can achieve three big goals: provide evidence that they are strong candidates for the job, and women hide work experience gaps (if they haven’t been working for periods of russian essay time.) help hiring managers quickly locate specific skills that are required for a particular position, which is beneficial. I should use a functional resume format if… I have unusually large gaps in my employment history. Women Society. I am in the midst of a big career change into a new industry. I want to promote a specific skill set. I shouldn’t use a functional style if: I want to literature coursework mark scheme highlight my upward career mobility. I am a student or entry-level candidate that lacks experience. I lack relevant or transferable skills.

To learn more about what should be in included in a functional resume, click here. A combination resume is literally a combination of the reverse-chronological and functional resume formats. Combination resumes will often begin with a professional profile or summary of qualifications that includes skills, abilities, and achievements relevant to essays women society the job opening. (This is the functional part.) This introductory section is then followed by aqa gcse english coursework mark scheme, your reverse-chronological professional experience, education, and additional sections. (This is the reverse-chronological part.) I should use a combination resume format if…

I want to showcase a relevant and well-developed skill set. Essays Women. I want to transfer to a different industry. I am a master at what I do. I shouldn’t use a combination resume format if… I am a student or entry level candidate. I want to emphasize my educational experience. I lack relevant qualifications and skills. To learn more about what should be in included in mellon seminar a combination resume format, click here. If you have any specific questions not answered in this guide please feel free to post them in the comments at the bottom of the page and one of our Senior Resume Experts will be glad to answer them for you! PS. Need that job?

Be sure to download our Resume Checklist to essays society ensure that you’ve written a complete, professional resume. Click Here to columbia university essay Download. Our Resume Checklist. If I apply a admin. job but I only have relevant experience several years ago, and now in school learning social service. How can I make my resume? Emphasize old skills and women transferable skills from social service in a combination or functional resume. Good luck on the job hunt!

Yes, if you have several impressive awards/honors then they can definitely be place above your professional experience. Essay. Good luck on the job hunt! We suggest using a combination format. Essays. Best of luck on the job hunt! We suggest that you stick with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Good luck! I did a career shift recently to teaching after having a graduate degree and 10 years experience in contest planning and development. I have recently completed a graduate degree in essays society education and have 2 years of speculating about causes teaching experience in a preschool setting and trying to women now make the shift to elementary age.

Do you think I should use a combination resume? A combination resume should work for your situation. Check out our combination format writing guide for more info: For a chronological resume, if I completed an internship with a past employer — while simultaneously being employed by them — does the internship go above or below the primary employment experience? (E.g., I worked at HSBV from 8/2013 – 12/2015, with my internship — also at university essay, HSBV — from 1/2015 – 5/2015, so right in the middle of my employment with them. Should the internship be listed before, or after?) You should list you internship after your employment. Good luck!

I have what I perceive to be a unique situation (I understand everyone thinks they are different). I am an army veteran of nearly 7 years and now I am studying to get my BS is Homeland Security. I joined the army at essays women, 19 in 2006 and got out in contest 2013. Essays Women Society. From 2013 until January of this year, I have been trying to make my own way as an entrepreneur. I was largely unsuccessful and in columbia essay question order to stay on essays top of my bills I ended up taking odd jobs during the day while working as a bouncer at various bars and clubs at night. I am currently looking for an internship as part of my degree program so i need to create a resume. Russian. I thought a functional resume would be ideal so as to blur the past 3 years. However, I understand from this article that students should use a chronological resume. I need to know how firm that rule is. Essays Society. Also, if anyone has any specific guidance for my resume I am very willing to accept advice. Mellon Dissertation. Thanks.

In your situation, we would suggest using a functional format. This will allow you to focus on your skills that are relevant to the internship you are applying for. Good luck on the job hunt and thank you for your service! Okay so I am a third year college student looking for essays women, a part-time job that fits my class schedule and isn’t in the fast-food industry to help me pay rent next year. I have never had to write a resume for any of my other jobs so I’m at a loss as to eraserhead essay what to do. I am applying as an entry-level applicant but I also didn’t work during my freshman year and about half of my sophomore year. Therefore I’m not really sure how to approach this and I really need this job. Please help! Thanks! Good luck on women the job hunt!

Consider adding a ‘Publications’ section to include your research and writing experience. Good luck on the job hunt. Several positions require a chronological resume be included. I am over 40, most recent position was over russian contest 5 yrs ago as a Seasonal Tax Professional with HR Block. Women. Recently received my AA degree. I do not include employment start – end dates on my resume for many reasons but I am not trying to look like someone who can not or will not follow directions either. Please share your thoughts. Hi I used to be a pediatric nurse for two years till moved to this country on 2012 and have been working at Walmart since then, recently got my RN license and want to about essays start working as a nurse…what type would you recommend me? In your case, we suggest using a functional resume.

Best of luck on essays the job hunt! Hi, I am presently working as Project Manager in construction company and critical essay before this I worked as Operations Manager in women a different company. Now I want to eraserhead critical apply for essays women, a job (Title : Plant Manager). I am confused which format I should choose to post for this job opportunity. Please recommend. We suggest sticking with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Best of luck! Detailing all 18 years of your experience might be overdoing it. With three pages, there is likely some redundant information that you could cut. However, if you truly feel that all of your content is aqa gcse english scheme relevant and of interest to women the employer, then stick with what you have.

Best of luck on the job hunt! I am now trying to mellon dissertation seminar rejoin the full-time workforce after almost a 17 year absence. Prior to marriage mother hood I was a very successful Director of Public relations for a well known beauty company in women society NYC (1990-1996). After that I joined a small firm on english mark Long Island as their first ever Director of essays women PR and advertising (1997-1999). Then babies came. 6 years later I joined a local firm as their Director of Operations (office manager) from 2006-2009. Columbia Essay. Then my family and I moved to Switzerland and essays society just returned after 7 years. I was a teacher of English as a Second Language. I am looking for about causes essays, work in women society almost any capacity: From Communications manager to administrative assistant. I am struggling with how to present my resume.

I’ve been letting my cover letters explain the history and why I would be a good fit for any given position, but I’m sure my resume is holding me back. Speculating About. Any ideas. Thanks in advance! If you’re looking to essays women society get back into communications or office management, then it might be better to use a functional format. This will allow you to eraserhead emphasize your skills instead of the essays women, dates of english literature coursework your work experience. Essays Society. As far as explaining work gaps in on war terrorism for class 10 your cover letter, check out this how-to guide: While I was in essays women high school I did my internship at for State Farm. After I graduated I was offered a job there and stayed there for 2 years.

I have recently worked at the National Instituted of critical Health for a year. I currently want to go back to essays society finding an critical essay, office job or something related and need help deciding what type of resume I should use? Based on the info you’ve given us, a ‘Chronological’ format would still be appropriate. Best of essays women society luck! If the the position you are applying for for class, is also an administrative job, then stick with the traditional Reverse-Chronological resume format. Good luck on the job hunt! Glad you liked it!

Hi there! This is great. I was just wondering, if I’ve been at the same position for 3 years (2014-present) but did a second job for 6 months in 2015 that I would like to essays women list, would I put that first (since technically 2015 is more recent than 2014)? Or would I list that after my current position, since I’m still presently in columbia university this role? Thanks! List your current position first. Best of luck! A combination or functional resume would be suitable.

Best of luck! It sounds like a functional format would be a good choice. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi there Elizabeth, You have a bit of flexibility with the resume format, but when in doubt go with reverse-chronological. Because you’re lacking in transferable skills, I’d recommend working on your resume objective to get your application started on essays women the right foot. Also consider the soft skills you’ve built during your time working in a call center. Mellon. Many of these could potentially be transferable. Good luck with your job application! Yes, a combination resume is perfectly suited to someone of your experience, even with the career change.

Good luck making the shift back into essays, your previous field! If you are aiming for english coursework mark scheme, a new industry, you can’t go wrong with the classic “reverse-chronological” resume format. Good luck landing your fellowship! Share Resume Format Guide – Reverse-Chronological, Functional, #038; Combination Styles Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to society help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. Speculating Causes Essays. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to essays MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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Would You Rather Work for dissertation seminar, a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for society, a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the russian contest, call-out policy. Women Society. These people go above and.

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Women And Their Role In Society …

Does Your Homework Help You Learn? Questions about issues in the news for students 13 and older. New research suggests that a lot of assigned homework amounts to pointless busy work that doesn’t help students learn, while more thoughtful assignments can help them develop skills and acquire knowledge. Essays. How would you characterize the homework you get? In the Sunday Review article “The Trouble With Homework,” Annie Murphy Paul reviews the research on homework: The quantity of students’ homework is speculating about causes a lot less important than its quality. And evidence suggests that as of now, homework isn’t making the grade.

Although surveys show that the essays society amount of time our children spend on homework has risen over the last three decades, American students are mired in the middle of international academic rankings: 17th in reading, 23rd in on war against terrorism, science and 31st in math, according to results from the women society Program for International Student Assessment released last December. In a 2008 survey, one-third of parents polled rated the quality of mellon their children’s homework assignments as fair or poor, and 4 in society, 10 said they believed that some or a great deal of homework was busywork. Speculating About Essays. A new study, coming in essays society, the Economics of literature coursework mark scheme Education Review, reports that homework in science, English and history has “little to no impact” on student test scores. (The authors did note a positive effect for math homework.) Enriching children’s classroom learning requires making homework not shorter or longer, but smarter. She goes on to enumerate some of the aspects of effective independent assignments, like “retrieval practice,” which basically means doing practice tests to reinforce learning and commit it to memory, and essays, “interleaving,” in which problems are not grouped into sets by type, but rather scattered throughout an assignment, which makes the brain work harder to grasp the material. Students: Tell us how effective you think your homework is. What kinds of assignments seem pointless? Which ones are confusing or frustrating? Which ones are most engaging and critical, interesting? Which ones are you fairly sure help you learn and grow?

Students 13 and older are invited to essays women, comment below. Eraserhead Critical. Please use only your first name. For privacy policy reasons, we will not publish student comments that include a last name. Comments are no longer being accepted. “I see homework as a big part that helps me learn and grow” that’s what I always said up till I was moved to a different math class. My old math teacher made math easy and women society, fun as well as understandable. But when I was moved I got confused easily, I found it boring, and I even found paying attention hard. Then there’s my English class.

I love English with all my heart but my teacher makes me feel like I’m in Preschool! She has hand signs for every rule and if we don’t do them we get more homework! She always puts us into groups and so far every group I’ve been placed in I can’t get along in. One group wouldn’t let me talk and when I gave my opion they scolded me and said I was wrong though it was an eraserhead, opion lesson… Another group was lazy and since I ran out of my medicine that helps me focus, I was lost and told them I need their help to help me keep up with what’s going on yet they let me drag along! History was never my strong point from the start even though my dad is a History teacher. But when I got into a certain class I couldn’t stand it! I was miles behind in homework and essays, around every corner was either homework or projects!

I asked for help and I got yelled at! I’m sorry but sometimes homework feels like slave work since I don’t get anything out of good grades except a smile and/or a pat on english coursework, the back and women society, that’s it. Yes homework can be good for you but there is a limit of how much a student can handle before they collaspe underneath all of that work! But I love it when teachers make homework fun or competive (which we normally do now and days)! Cause that’s when I’m having a blast! But when teachers get too interactive with their class I can’t help but feel creeped out by them. (Cough, Cough, English teacher, Cough, Cough) I do love school but right now…its like they don’t want us going out and enjoying life… Back at essay, my old school I was drowning in women, homework! I just couldn’t get the aqa gcse literature chance to sit back and be young! It was just too much!

In every class I had homework! Study this, learn that, solve this, and essays, every where in mellon seminar, between! The bullying was no help either since they stole or destroyed my homework so I failing till I switched schools! My suggestion to all you kids who don’t like homework….DON’T GO TO [name of school removed]. Especially if you’re like me and are considered one of the special kids since the teachers don’t flex to your needs!

At my school , we all think that homework helps people learn in so many different ways. Women. You do your homework to get better grades on test scores because some of the homework you get will have some stuff that can be on test. Another reason is that homework can get you better grades if you just hand it in. You can learn from homework. In my opinion.For example, I had to take notes in algebra yesterday for homework and mellon seminar, only took 10 minutes it really help a lot the next day because we had a little mini quiz on it ! Doing my homework every night helps me learn because it helps me remember the lesson gone over in class that day. It also makes it easier to follow the next lesson, which is essays women society usually an extension from the essay lesson the day before. Homework helps me learn because it’s a review of what we learned in class. Sometimes they give too much work though. I feel like it all depends on if you understand the work. If a teacher taught you a new topic in class and you didn’t understand it, I dont think you would understand it if you did it again. If you understood it, It would help you because you are repeating the problems.

I don’t think homework helps you learn, I think it helps you remember what you learned. Homework is women more of a review of what you did in school during the day, rather than a new subject to learn on a whole. I personally am not a big fan of homework though, I think that some teachers don’t really realize that we have several other classes which also give us homework, and we sometimes end up with a large amount by the end of the day. But I’m sure that my procrastination has a lot to do with it as well. Homework definitely helps me learn. Eraserhead Critical Essay. By the time i get home from school some subjects become unfamiliar and women, homework help reinforce what i learned in class. Better students do their homework and essay, teachers recognize that frequently.

Repetition of your homework also helps memorize which you could benefit from on women, tests and other classwork activities. Depending on the subject or the assigment, homework can either be redundant or effective. Assignments which make you copy straight out of a textbook are redundant. These assignments are redundant because students hardly put all that much effort into critical, it. By copying a textbook, people aren’t focused on the material, because they are just focusing on getting the assigment done. Straight copying is seen as boring or even in some cases ‘annoying’ by essays students, which translates into them not learning what they need to learn. Assigments where students are interactive and aren’t just being taught the textbook are interesting and critical, that’s when students learn the most. Essays Women. Writing samples when students are asked for their opinion and to have their voice heard are deemed the most interesting. Thus, being because students then have the ability to share what they’ve learned in their own words and also get to apply their knowledge in their own voice. On the other hand, when homework is done effectively, the speculating about causes end product will be better grades.

If a student neglects to do homework, whether interesting or boring, it will show in essays society, their grades. Students who do apply their strongest efforts into their homework will ultimately contribute to better grades. I think that homework is speculating about essays pointless when the women society teachers give us homework that is for fun and we have to waist our time doing little projects when we can be doing other more important things like studying. Eraserhead Critical Essay. I think that most homework is important I just don’t like it when teachers give too much and it becomes over society whelming and I can’t have time to study because it would be too late and russian essay, then I wouldn’t be able to sleep. If anything I think teachers should give us homework but give us one big homework a week and we work on society, it for the whole week which it would be due on Friday and then get a test grade for it since it was a big homework. If teachers wouldn’t do that I would love if teachers would give us only essay three days of women society homework a week and Fridays we would get a test. Homework is seminar assigned so that students can practice what they have learned in school and see if they can remember what happened in women, class.

Personally, the homework that has been assigned to me lately has been nothing but busy work that I feel is aqa gcse coursework scheme pointless. The truth is women society most of the russian modern day students don’t see the value in doing homework but the discipline and the practice for women, the real world really are fundamental. The most confusing type of homework assignments that we have come with little to no instructions. When teachers give assignments on things that they haven’t covered yet seems pointless to me since it really isn’t evaluating anything at all. Another type of pointless homework would be the ones in which there is so much repetition that it becomes pointless. In my personal life ive been faced with all types of homework. About. I believe homework is fundamental to the development of the mind and I will keep doing my homework. I go to an American school in Bogota, Colombia. Society. Recently in my school I have been getting exaggerated amounts of homework, and on war terrorism 10, most of it has no impact on my learning.

I say this because the homework I am assigned is essays women just “busywork” and keeps me up until late hours in the night. The homework I am given is also extremely long and about essays, not smart, it is just a very basic review of what we did in class that day. Homework like that is a waste of society time since if the student is good and pays attention in class he should know all of the seminar material and shouldn’t be forced to essays women, demonstrate it through homework. I believe that what should be improved in not the quantity but the quality of the homework we are assigned. I am not saying homework should be abolished but I am saying it should be changed. If a student is mellon overwhelmed with homework his academic development would also be affected. For example if a student has allot of homework he will probably stay up at night doing it. Maybe he will finish his homework around 10 or 11 in essays women society, the night. The next day he will have to wake up very early and essay on war against, will only get about 5-6 hours of sleep.

In order for the teenage brain to develop correctly a kid needs 8 hours of sleep. So. Essays Women Society. excessive amount of homework leads to a very tired, unmotivated and less active student. In my school I think the only homework assignments that help me learn are the math ones. Each subject is different and on war terrorism in pakistan for class, each grade in school requires a different amount of practice. For example, Math is a subject that I believe needs out-of-classroom practice no matter what grade you are in, or what topic you are covering.

It is one of the most essential aptitudes one must acquire in essays women society, order to essay question, be successful in life. Language, whether it be english, spanish, or etc, is also a subject that is vital for an accomplished life. I believe that one must practice in order to women society, become and eloquent speaker and writer, but i only think that a small amount of english mark homework should be given, especially once one reaches the ends of high school. A subject that I feel doesn’t need practice outside of school is history. Women Society. For me, history is more like a gossip story with dates that “should” be remembered than anything else; therefore, I don’t believe that homework would be necessary to university question, enforce a subject like that. The idea of having to work all night, studying for a billion exams the next day, getting the society college applications going, and practicing a sport isn’t something strange for the average senior at CNG. It seems as if the seminar need to excel at essays women, everything might just be the eraserhead COD of essays society many high school students. As college admissions become more competitive, as more and more people take AP exams and contest, admissions tests there is a greater weight on women society, our shoulders. Columbia University Essay Question. But is it really worth it?

I mean, even if everything goes the way we want it to, was it really worth all our time and energy? There are just better things to society, do with my life. I would prefer to go deeper into the sciences, write of some philosophical tendency I’m being carried into, do more social work, etc. But I need to commit to an organized agenda, learn the Standards I’m supposed to mellon seminar, be learning and show my progress through time. These are fancy ways of creating a level playing field so students can be compared. Is this really what learning has become? Practice makes perfect some might say. There is no arguing about that. Success in those specific tasks, such as doing homework or working on a particular project that requires zero creativity clearly needs those levels of repetitive practice and great memory. But are we supposed to do this the rest of our lives?

I don’t think so. Essays Women. Harris Cooper, a professor from Duke University dedicated to speculating essays, homework research states that “even for high school students, overloading them with homework is society not associated with higher grades” (Cooper). Essay. I’m sorry, so isn’t homework even doing what its supposed to be doing? The counter-productivity of too much homework, especially in such a critical moment as in college application season, makes the whole educational system lose credibility. Are we being trained to do something we aren’t going to essays, really do or even need in the future? What is the real purpose of doing homework when we aren’t truly learning from it?

Don’t get me wrong. I do believe homework is critical in developing certain skills. Speculating About. How were we supposed to learn basic arithmetic operations without those tons of worksheets and problem sets? Yes, homework is a useful tool but only when used consciously. Statistical evidence seems to agree with this: “teachers in women society, many of the question nations that outperform the U.S. on women society, student achievement tests–such as Japan, Denmark and the Czech Republic–tend to literature mark scheme, assign less homework than American teachers, but instructors in essays women, low-scoring countries like Greece, Thailand and question, Iran tend to pile it on” (Wallis). Society. The need to assign homework, to put a million grades in is too antiquated in in pakistan for class, my opinion.

What’s the problem with guiding classes to a true educational experience and essays society, leave behind the essay limitations of grading, of classifying students, of women society making them lose all interest, worse yet lose passion for learning and generate hatred towards certain areas of knowledge while capturing valuable time that is needed to explore others? It depends on what type of homework and english coursework, the time that it takes to society, finish it. The homework that I get from English, history, science, and math benefit me and my grades a lot. Eraserhead Critical. From my three band classes, and essays women, P.E. class, I usually do busy work. I love how the eraserhead critical school is run… I learn a lot from the class just itself, and from school assemblies, etc. First, I have to learn before I get my grades… meaning, I don’t care what my grades are like until I actually know and understand the material and knowledge that I learned at school. What we learn from school and essays, from homework are is different. On War Terrorism In Pakistan. We learn more at school and then apply what we learned in our homework.

So most of the essays women society time we don’t learn anything that much from about causes essays, homework. Homework assignments should be provided, but once a month. It allows children to have freedom, and actually feel like life is not all about study and going to a prestigious university. Homework wastes our time, and in recent articles they say that school’s are killing creativity, and now there is an uproar about homework not providing learning material. What homework should be is a subjet, say history, and children can choose one that interests them, and they could research it for essays women society, a month. And after the month is up children can present in class, so that means the child knows thoroughly about their topic and english coursework, can explain well to essays women, their friends, and also they will have an about, opportunity to listen to other peoples’ research. I wish we didn’t have homework, because the learning network is providing us with a great amount of essays women society resources that homework, in a year, can’t accomplish. 40 hours per week, 8 hours a day, is the legal limit of hours an adult can work in aqa gcse literature scheme, California without being payed overtime.

An employee must be payed 150% their usual salary for every hour they work past 8 hours a day. I spend between 34 and essays women, 39 hours per week at school, not counting homework (aprox. 10-15 hours per eraserhead essay week). My suggestion is that any work assigned to students requiring them to spend more than 40 hours a week on academics be graded with a bonus of 50% the women student’s grade. This would encourage students to do well in order to have a higher bonus, and would discourage teachers from assigning so much work (since we all how much giving out essay bonus points pains them!) As for the questions: I think that homework is essays society effective as long as it will help improve a student’s understanding and execution of course material. As a general rule, I don’t think it’s very useful to be assigned more than one assignment in each category of homework to a class (1 chapter to read, 1 exercise, 1 essay). Essay On War Against Terrorism In Pakistan. 5 math exercises is 5 too many if I understand the lesson, and 4 too many if it is the teacher’s goal to find out whether or not I do.

As a student, I have a limited amount of time and love to divide up into my work. I find work that leaves the thinking up to the student to be the most engaging and helpful to my understanding: the essays fewer details on how I should do the assignment, the more I work to make it reflect my understanding of the topic. It is interesting to write your homework in columbia university essay question, your free time at home. Homework and essays society, assignments are important for essay against for class 10, innovation and elaboration. Take your time in doing your homework because this will help you understand the lesson more.

i think this is the best amendment ever. Sense at my school , school just started we do not have that much homework. But I’ve hear a lot of people say that towards the middle of the year is when everyone’s backpack’s become really heavy. Teacher’s start giving more than one homework assignment per class. So I think that homework does not help you learn because you do work at school why do you need to essays women society, do it again at mellon dissertation seminar, home?

I think teacher’s do that because they want to figure out if you are capable to do the same thing at home and also because they just want us to have some type of work to do at home. Society. Once again I do no think that homework helps you learn. I personally don’t think homework helps a student learn. I feel if you don’t get what the teacher teaches in class then I personally don’t get the homework at all. If I don’t get the subject then I personally to english mark scheme, the homework wrong and I’m sure that other people do it wrong too.

My teachers all say that they don’t give so much homework and they really don’t, but since they all give about 20-30 minutes of homework each subject, it piles up.I think that homework is women effective as long as it will help improve a student’s understanding and execution of essay on war terrorism 10 course material. I personally don’t think that homework always helps, but it does. I think that homework is useful sometimes, but not always. Most of the time, it is just the essays same thing we did in class, and columbia question, if we didn’t get it then we still won’t get it at home, primarily because our parents have no clue about how to essays women society, do it either. i think that homework should not in mellon dissertation seminar, are school systems because homework is just practice and essays, i know that practice makes perfect but when you got 5 subjects it add to a lot. I also i believe that all homework (practice) is just studying and essay on war terrorism in pakistan for class 10, unless we have i don’t want to essays society, take the time for nothing but another school day. 1) What kinds of aqa gcse literature coursework scheme assignments seem pointless?

I don’t believe that any assignments are pointless, because teachers always have a reason for women society, giving homework. However, teachers often give homework where the effort on the part of the student outweighs the teacher’s goal. In addition, many homework assignments do not effectively reach their goal. 2) Which ones are confusing or frustrating? Assignments are usually not confusing, although sometimes, when given very easy assignments, I do not understand what the point is (which does not mean that the assignments are pointless — the point is simply mysterious to me).

I get most frustrated by homework when I receive virtually identical assignments at regular intervals, but never get feedback from the teacher. When this happens, I cannot improve because I don’t know what I’m doing wrong. For example, our French teacher has given us this assignment three times this year: Comment on a predetermined stanza of mellon a Baudelaire poem. The first two stanzas earned me 17 (out of 20) with no corrections other than grammatical mistakes. For the essays women third assignment, I have written a very similar analysis and I expect to get a very similar grade. If there are 20 possible points and I didn’t get all of coursework scheme them, why did the teacher not provide any comments?

3) Which ones are most engaging and interesting? Honestly, although I understand the women value of homework, I do not enjoy doing it (unless it involves creativity, but with no art, music or creative writing classes in high school, this is extremely rare). Which ones are you fairly sure help you learn and grow? I believe all homework helps me learn and grow — the question is essay in pakistan for class 10 whether the amount of growth induced by the homework is worth the women society effort involved. Yes, some homework are important. Like learning rhetoric at mellon dissertation, home to be able to talk about it in essays, class. Doing a math problem to make sure the lesson is understood. But is doing ten exercises on a lesson we did not fully go over because the essays teacher did not manage to end the lesson on time and now needs us to try to figure it out on our own useful? Is doing forty little problems with the same math equation over essays women society and over essay again necessary? I believe it is not. Women. I believe some teachers are using a lot of useless homework because they must think in literature, some way that it will be beneficent one day or another.

They are often wrong. Unless a whole class of twenty students decided they want to essays society, be physician, i do not understand why learning what is the eraserhead critical essay kind of relation between the Earth and society, the Moon, over a dozen of eraserhead critical exercises, is in anyway useful. Also, a teacher might think they are doing the right thing, making us practice something that is society already learned in class, by giving its students five exercises. Columbia. Sure, it is not a bad idea. But since all the teachers, or most of them, are looking to do the right thing, five teachers that wants you to women society, practice with some homework exercises, becomes twenty-five exercises for the students. Over something they either understood, or not understood. In any case it’s frustrating. Speculating About Essays. If you understand what it is about then you are just wasting your time doing those exercises. Essays Women. If you did not understand it, you are going to spend ten minutes on each question, usually ending by guessing wrong, when all it could have taken was another clear explanation from the teacher.

So yes, homework can be useful, and dissertation seminar, it often is, but not always. Sign up for our free newsletter. Get the women society latest lesson plans, contests and columbia essay question, resources for teaching with The Times.

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extended essay marks If you are a regular reader of this blog, you’ll know I’m all about finding systems and structures to make challenging things less challenging. Or, to put it more simply, I like to do things the easy way. To that end, I want to show you how to make a few tweaks to your average extended essay and earn top marks for essays women, it. The following are some advanced techniques that many International Baccalaureate (IB) extended essay supervisors might forget to share. And many aren’t aware of them. Before reading this blog post, I suggest reading my post on getting started with your extended essay.

That article explains how to choose a good essay question, among other things. This article is about advanced techniques, the polish that can raise your grades (to a high B or an A). Russian Essay? But if your foundation is off no amount of polishing is essays women society, going to be enough. So again, make sure you get off to a good start. By now your Extended Essay contains the best sources that you could get your hands on. You’ve used them to analyze and draw conclusions. Columbia University? You’re satisfied with them.

But you shouldn’t be. Even though you included the best information you could find (and you don’t want to look lazy) you should be the one (rather than your Extended Essay grader) to point out the weaknesses in society, your research. This defies common sense, but do it anyway. You might think this is rather like going to a job interview and pointing out why you’re a bad employee, but it’s not like that at all. Pointing out the columbia university question, weaknesses in your research shows that you know how to improve next time (which impresses us) and it shows that you’re taking an academic approach (you are able to be objective) rather than a self-conscious approach. Weaker students, students that haven’t put in my effort into society their work, won’t want to essay contest do this because they know there are tons of society weaknesses in their research. But if you’ve done a reasonable amount of work, using primary and secondary sources, it only helps you to be critical. To help you with this, there is russian essay, a great checklist you can use called Test Before You Trust (link here) to essays society help you ask important questions about your sources (i.e.

Is the on war for class, site free of essays society advertising? Is the site one-sided or balanced). You can use the mellon, questions as prompts for your Extended Essay writing. For example, Question 14 asks, “Are sources given for statistics?” If you answer no, you can write in your Extended Essay something like, “Article X was written in an academic way and it was available on a site that was free of advertising and therefore perhaps less likely to be biased. However, the article did not provide the sources or raw data they used to women society calculate their statistics. So it is not possible to verify their accuracy.” See? 2) Dip your toe into some real academic stuff. Few high school students have ever used Google Scholar (their site for research, i.e. from university professors in essay in pakistan, your subject). Why?

Because it can be boring. I’ll give you that. However, it is very, VERY impressive when high school students can read and understand and explain aspects of real academic articles. So try to find just one that relates to essays women your Extended Essay, print it out, take a couple of hours with, Wikipedia, and Google and try to speculating figure out what the article’s talking about. And (intelligently) use a couple of quotes from it in your Extended Essay. It’s perhaps worth asking your parents or an older sibling to help you track down this article, because finding one that directly relates to essays society your Extended Essay can be quite difficult (because you don’t yet know the meaning of all of the related key words).

This might seem like a lot of english mark scheme work, but it sends a strong signal to your marker that you’re as serious as any university student. When you hear the word “proxy” you might think of VPN’s (Virtual Private Networks) that let you surf the web more freely. Proxy sources similarly allow you to research a bit more freely. Let’s say your Extended Essay is about the launch of a new organic lettuce in essays women society, Singapore. You’ve looked around and there isn’t any data about essay lettuce in Singapore at all. Society? In this case, an example of proxy research would be if you could find research on russian contest the sales of organic cucumbers . You can simply point out essays women that no info on lettuce was available, and that you’ve made an essay on war for class 10 assumption that the market for women society, both items is similar. And then you can go on speculating about causes essays to make all kinds of insights into the market for essays, lettuce, using the cucumber data.

Proxies can be used (but rarely are actually used) in critical, most Extended Essay’s. Even if you were able to find a lot of data, there is probably a way to use a proxy to strengthen your analysis. 4) Become an expert on essays the Extended Essay criteria. This one is self-explanatory. Just like on all of your exams, if you want to aqa gcse literature coursework mark earn the top marks, you need to get into the head of the examiners.

-What impresses them? -What are they actually giving marks for? -Is it possible you (and your supervisor) have overlooked (or misinterpreted) one of the criteria? -Could you tweak one of your sections (i.e. your conclusion) to make sure you’re going to get full marks for women, it? Talk to your friends and parents and teachers and your turtle about this. English Literature Coursework Mark? In reality, different examiners are going to have slightly different interpretations of the criteria. So if you really want the grade be as safe as possible. Read the criteria a few times, looking for women, key words that some examiners might focus on and adjust your writing so it would satisfy any marker. (That’s easy for me to on war against terrorism in pakistan say. Obviously, it’s not completely possible to anticipate all different interpretations. So just do a little of this and then go back to enjoying your life.)

I’m about to recommend something shocking. Ready. “ You’re going to essays women society have to columbia university question read your extended essay. ” I’m sorry. I know it’s really long. Every year I read Extended Essay’s that are just horrible. They make almost no sense. They repeast themselves. They bring tears to essays my eyes and not in eraserhead, a good way my friend. As you read your Extended Essay take a pen to essays society it and mark it up like you were me. -Find grammar and spelling mistakes. -Cross out superfluous writing.

Could you say the about causes essays, same thing in fewer words? Yes. This is always true of society your writing. And for mine. Start by deleting most of your introduction, for example.

And then look for times when you say things you’ve already said before. -Look for times when you used sources (even when it’s not for a quotation) but you haven’t cited it. -You know what I’m saying here. Mark it like your teacher would mark it. Don’t think that this is your teacher’s job to eraserhead do this for you. In this case it’s really not. We can’t give you line-by-line advice. Just general feedback. Women? And even if you’re lucky enough to have a teacher who will give you a lot of feedback, you’re wasting their time and yours.

It’s much better to hand in essay contest, a well-written, edited piece of work so your teacher can focus on essays helping you with the smart (rather than the silly) mistakes you’ve made. 6) Read two Extended Essays that are better than yours. Exemplar Extended Essays (ones from previous years) are a great resource. Critical? You’d be crazy to not avail yourself of these. Look for anything they’ve done well that you could emulate.

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