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Outline mla format research paper

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big four cpa resume Accounting resume help, interview tips and career guide. Your First Day, First Month and First Client at Big 4. What exactly is the first day at Big 4 like? What happens in the weeks after, and mla format paper, how to get prepared to meet your first client? Your adventure is about to sample proposal begin. Research Paper? You won#8217;t go through anything technical on the first day.

Bring yourself, the necessary paper, and great attitude. In most cases, you will be going through orientation the whole day. This includes introduction to your new peers and colleagues, ice breaker exercises and training seminars. This may last for 1-2 days. Anthropology Essay? First, the admin necessities such as getting your picture taken for your badge, hand in the paperwork, order supplies, and reimburse your expenses. Mla Format Research Paper? HR will issue the laptop, work assignment, schedules and possibly a company credit card. Hypothesis And Research? If they haven#8217;t already, they will provide travel and research, accommodation details for your national training. Depending on the start date, some associates go straight to national training after their first day of sample masters proposal, work, while others linger in paper the office for a few days. Before National Training.

The best you can achieve these few days is to fit in socially. In? This means going to group lunches, group dinners and group social events. Try your best to be outgoing and make friends early, as it will make the experience more enjoyable once real work starts. Outline Paper? Many firms have official programs where they pair you up with a mentor. Chinese Research Paper? I had one of those and it didn#8217;t really work. It#8217;s just like relationships #8212; you parents can#8217;t put a boyfriend on your lap simply because he signs up for it. It#8217;s a good idea to start looking for a second year who has the potential to be your true mentor.

If you know someone from school working there, it would be the best. Otherwise, anyone friendly with a bit of things in common would be a good start. This should be a person whom you feel comfortable asking any questions with. First years across the country take part in 1-to-2-week national trainings held in big cities such as Atlanta, Boston, Chicago and Dallas. Hundreds of people get trained in outline mla format research any given time although in and contrast essays most cases they are divided into groups of 20-30. They get together again in team building activities and social events in the evening.

The most (and probably the outline only) important to essay on culture do is to outline mla format research paper learn about the firm#8217;s accounting software and auditing methodology. Specifically, on how to use the audit database, practice documenting your work and go through various case studies. There will be some team building exercise and depending on the group you are with, could be quite fun, lame or a complete waste of time. The trainers are usually seniors and managers. They are often approachable and essay, helpful, and try their best to make things fun #8212; a mission impossible I have to mla format research paper say. My suggestion during the training week is to take notes. It helps to retain the children photo information much better, and practically, if your trainer (and later on, the audit in charge in your team) sees that you make the effort in taking notes, they are more willing to help and mla format research, answer questions that you may have. Most people zoom out during the actual training, then wake up at where photo extravagant meals and parties afterwards. Don#8217;t go too wild and show up late, hungover, unshaven and without shower the next day. I heard crazy stories of drunk trainees hitting on research, managers and falling over company yacht.

If you aren#8217;t a drinker, you should still go occasionally in order not to look socially awkward. Life is miserable without a friend in Big 4. Research? Depending how busy your office is, you may get assigned to a team right away and sent off to a client site. Otherwise, you remain unassigned and outline mla format research paper, report to the office. Where Children Sleep Photo Essay? I suggest that you show some initiative early on by offering to help. Don#8217;t creep up on people every morning and beg for work though.

People warned you of dreadful hours and mla format paper, you are still excited for the first job. Typically you will be given a keycard or ID badge for sample masters thesis access to the client#8217;s building. Outline? For big clients, there is hypothesis and research, a room for the audit team with printer, a quiet place and use of coffee machine. For smaller clients though expect to outline mla format paper crowd around a table#8230; Look on the brighter side #8212; nothing is permanent in public accounting #128578; Reach for the Star: 5 Ways to Become Top Performer in Big 4. And Contrast Essays? You are super pumped to start your new job. Now, what are the mla format research qualities to medicine research become the top performer in mla format Big 4? Is it through hard work, butt kissing, or pure luck? Here is and contrast essays in, my finding after talking to Big 4 seniors and mangers who have consistently been rated 1 or 2 in their firms.

Everyone agrees that Big 4 is a stressful place to work. Life as first year is pretty intense, but as you approach your second year, you don#8217;t have excuses of a newbie anymore and it will be worse with mountains of outline, things on on culture, your desk staring at you. Outline Mla Format Paper? The thing is, the more you worry about and contrast it, the less you get it done. What you can do is to stop the vicious cycle. Divide the work into mla format, smaller, doable tasks. Tackle one small task at a time. Completing one round of tasks means you get some major work done, and it#8217;s a great feeling. Chinese Medicine? It#8217;s the same strategy for any big challenges #8212; such as the CPA exam, when tackling one study unit at outline a time is the best way to go.

2. Sample Masters Proposal? Improve Efficiency with Technology. In my previous job, I went through an paper, excellent training on sleep photo, how to manage Outlook. It cost my firm $399 for research paper each participant (and we filled a big room), so you can imagine how well-regarded this method is. About My Friends? The main takeaway is effective time management using the #8220;4D#8221; system. Incoming emails are divided into 4 categories: Important + urgent Important + not urgent Unimportant + urgent Unimportant + not urgent. Then, assign action appropriate to outline the categories: Do the important + urgent Delay (file to research task list) the important + not urgent Delegate the unimportant + urgent Dump the research paper unimportant + not urgent. This system has vastly improved my productivity at children sleep essay work and beyond.

I encourage that you find a way to efficiently manage your outlook in terms of paper, email, appointment, to-dos and followups. This way, you can multitask with ease, a crucial skill to excel in professional service environment such as in public accounting and finance. Where Children Essay? Now that you work well under stress (point 1) and are incredibly efficient (point 2), people take notice and request to put you on their teams. You#8217;ll be really busy, and this is great for your long term career, so don#8217;t be jealous of the few who are constantly unassigned. Instead, I suggest the opposite and get more involved in other capacities within the outline mla format paper firm. Volunteer to campus recruiting events such as Meet the anthropology on culture Firms, take part in resume screening and outline mla format, interviewing, lead firm community initiatives, find opportunities to help on sales pursuits, and take advantage of new opportunities and stretch assignments.

As you move on to seniors and managers, there are other unique opportunities such as the international assignments. It isn#8217;t for everyone, but it#8217;s worth to about essay explore. Outline Mla Format Research? Before we get too excited, accept the fact that we are human beings and can#8217;t work 24 hours. So, don#8217;t be afraid to and research paper say #8220;no#8221;. It is easier said than done, but we have to understand what our limits are and what we can feasibly accomplish at the level of quality that we typically deliver. Under-promise and over-deliver, and build your brand one audit at a time. People have different ways to achieve success, but all paths centralize around key themes of hard work, perseverance, dedication, and ability to research paper multi-task and prioritize seamlessly. The same rules apply whether you aim for the corner office in hypothesis and research Big 4, or for C-level positions in Fortune 100.

All the best! Paving Your Way to Big 4 International Assignment. One attraction of working in outline mla format a global firm is the proposal opportunity to work overseas for a few years without disrupting your career. At the Big 4, they are known as international assignments. Are you ready for that? Timing of the International Assignment. Outline Mla Format Research? Big 4 international assignment, also known as international rotation, is arranged when there is and contrast in, a need of technical skills in overseas offices. Because they mostly want US GAAP expertise, only seniors and above are qualified, with most going at manager or senior manager level.

The terms of your global mobility contract is usually negotiated between home country, host country, and possibly also the client. Your home office pays a minimum expat benefits, such as basic relocation and storage expenses. The better your industry and skills match with what is required in the host office, the more likely they will pay for extra benefits. Research Paper? This may include housing (rent and and contrast, agency fees), full relocation expenses, meal allowance, education allowance for children, and assisting your spouse to find work in outline research paper the host country. The higher your level, the sample masters proposal higher the benefits. Given the nature of work, there are more international rotations in assurance than in tax and advisory. There are exceptions, of course. My husband John started at Financial Advisory Services at PwC at the New York headquarters. A few months into his job, he was sent to Tokyo for a 6-month international assignment. He stayed at the Imperial Hotel for the entire time and ate so much sushi (on company#8217;s account) that he got food poisoning#8230; It was however very tedious work.

There was a reason to send him there. There are two types of international assignments: strategic and non-strategic. Strategic Rotation: The Pros. Strategic means value-add in the eyes of the firm, but they try to align your interest. This means the opportunity also matches your industry and technical expertise. Outline? For strategic assignments, the firm will take care of you in the host country and make sure you come back to broadly what you want to do. You may express your preference in terms of sample proposal, location, but for top performers willing to be placed in any office to add the most value, the firm has the most incentive to keep you happy with a generous expat package and a good position when you return to the US.

International assignments are great personal experience, and research paper, may help your career, particularly after the Big Four. The experience is invaluable from about a resume perspective and shows to your firm and prospective employers you are willing to take risks for the right opportunities. Strategic Rotation: The Cons. This isn#8217;t for everybody, especially those with family and kids. At the same time, some people have a hard time integrating back to the US office after a couple of years. Research Paper? Lots of about my friends, client and staff turnover may have happened in past 2 years, and you may not be able to get back to your client and your team. These are more random temporary relocations without much strategic value to outline research paper the firm, nor do they offer long-term career development. John#8217;s Tokyo assignment mentioned above is non-strategic. If you are able to return to your own team after a few months, it could be a cool experience and an interesting stint to mention in the resume.

However, you do run a risk of doing random, mundane and tedious work all day, with local staff whom you don#8217;t click. For most people I talk to, the compensation remains the same, with adjustment due to the difference in and contrast essays cost of living. For strategic assignments, the outline mla format paper adjustment is usually favorable. For example, if your children need to attend expensive English-speaking schools in the host country, the firm will pay for that. Sample? You may be given a driver and housekeeper if that is the local custom. For tax, you won#8217;t be better or worst off. The firm pays your actual tax, then calculate the portion you need to pay them using a tax equalization mechanism.

HR personnel specializing in expat arrangement will take care of this. Outline Mla Format Research Paper? Does Big 4 International Assignment Accelerate My Path to Partnership? It depends. Most strategic international assignments are jobs with large clients, which is always helpful in your track record within the Big 4. If the client is not only big, but also complex and generates lots of revenue, it is the best one you can get. Hypothesis? If you are lucky enough to mla format research work under a popular partner in the host office, even better. On the other hand, if your client isn#8217;t meaningful and you work under an unknown partner in a small office, you are better off just getting to a big market in research paper the US (New York, Chicago, Silicon Valley). From there, get on a high profile client and outline mla format research paper, work as hard as you can.

If you like the idea of traveling, working with large clients give you enough opportunities to essays travel to their regional offices. Short trips to many different places could be a more interesting experience than one big international assignment. Mla Format? How to Increase Your Chance of Success. Okay. You still want to do it. What should you do? 1. Strive to be Top Performer. Your are normally eligible to apply with an above-average rating, but those rated a 1 or 2 have the highest priority for strategic assignments. Once you hit senior (or second year for high performers), discuss with your performance development coach, who can get additional information from on culture HR. 3. Mla Format Research? Make Your Business Case. About My Friends Essay? If you are interested in a specific country or region, identify the strongest industry there.

For example, if you are interested in a Hong Kong rotation and outline research, banks are the highest-profile clients there, you should start manage your career and get financial services experience. The better you prepare, the stronger your business case by the time you are eligible to apply. 4. Brush up the Local Language. Many offices are fine with English alone, but some do prefer you speak (and even read) the local language. Again, it could only chinese research, help your case. 5. Stay in Contact with Your Colleagues in mla format paper Home Office. This is what you should do after getting the assignment, but very important. Keeping regular contact with your team and colleagues in hypothesis and research your home office will help your transition back to the US much easier.

Simple gestures such as emailing to say hi, sending Christmas cards to important people, and outline research, dropping by the office whenever you are back to your home town for and contrast in vacation#8230; there are many ways to mla format keep people from forgetting you. Best of luck to and contrast in your exciting adventure! How to Prepare for Informational Interview over Lunch. Let#8217;s say you met a Big 4 senior manager at a networking event, and mla format, through persistent follow ups, you are finally invited to have lunch with her near the office. You really want to turn this into an opportunity at the firm. How do you make the best use of it? Informational Interview over Lunch. 1. Identify Common Topic(s) in Advance. First, this is a lunch. I bet the senior manager wouldn#8217;t want to essay talk about accounting principals and latest changes in GAAP. You can let her choose a topic, but it#8217;s better if you can initiate a conversation.

During the follow ups, you should have done something right to lead to this lunch. Outline Mla Format Paper? Most likely you two have something in masters thesis proposal common #8212; Did you come from the same town? Do you have common friends, favorite movies, kids, dogs, etc. These are all great places to start the conversation. You never know the paper true purpose and outcome of this meet up. It could simply be a nice gesture on her part, or this could be an hypothesis and research, informal first interview. In any case, present yourself as a likeable person. Everyone wants to outline research paper hire cheerful, easy going and paper, positive people as colleagues. Also, as a client-oriented business, the Big 4 looks for candidates who can carry a good conversation with clients. The last thing you want to do is getting too nervous.

It looks awkward, and gives a bad impression that you are thinking way ahead of yourself. 3. Be Prepared to Talk about Your Career Goals. Assuming she is older than you, it#8217;s pretty normal for her to research ask about hypothesis and research your career aspiration. Outline Research? Be prepared to say something for medium to long term. You should definitely express your desire to work in her firm. For Big 4, the standard would be the training, exposure and prestige. You can also talk about the desire to continue your career in audi, tax or whatever you are doing right now. A good way to take pressure off your shoulder is to turn the table and sample thesis proposal, ask for her advice.

After expressing your interest in mla format paper the firm, ask for general advice of getting into the firm as an experienced hire (assuming you are one), or any specific tips you would like to get for your own situation. You can also ask for her experience and how she came to be successful. And Research? A subtle flattery is fine. You can end the lunch by offering help. It could be anything e.g. helping her to follow up on the vet you mentioned earlier. The main purpose is to create a reason to contact her at a later date, and at the same time leave a great impression as a helpful and likeable person. What are your suggestions? Please share your thoughts in the comment section below.

Big 4 CPA Bonus, Reimbursement and Perks at a Glance. You will be getting $5,000 upon passing of the outline mla format research CPA exam within the first year of joining your firm. The amount is my friends, lower if you take longer to complete it. Most Big 4 will give you $3,000 if done within the mla format paper second year, and $1,000 if done within the third year. If you pass the exam before your first day of work, you will receive the CPA bonus 1-2 months after the start date. Here are the chinese exact wordings on the CPA bonus: We offer significant incentives to those who obtain their CPA or other primary credential early, as well as reimbursement and outline, educational programs to help you achieve this goal. For those taking and passing the CPA exam prior to starting or within your first year in Assurance or Tax at the firm, you may be eligible for anthropology on culture a $5,000 bonus.#8221; $5,000 award to Campus hire Associates joining KPMG with CPA exam passed, or who pass all parts of the outline CPA exam within 1st year of essay, employment or CPA exam eligibility, whichever is later. $3,000 award to Campus hire Associates who complete and pass the CPA exam during their second year of employment or CPA exam eligibility, whichever is later. We provide upfront reimbursement for one certification review course and outline, associated exam registration fees for first-time exam takers for required certifications.

We also offer a professional certification bonus to reward you for attainment of required professional certifications early in your career.#8221; (CPA exam bonus information not available on Deloitte#8217;s page) Other CPA Related Perks, Sponsorships and Reimbursement. Sample Thesis Proposal? 1. Exam Fee Reimbursement. Also, the application and exam registration fees are covered as well. Most Big 4 will pay whether you pass or not, but they will only reimburse your first attempt of each part of the exam. 2. Review Course Payment. The Big 4 has direct billing with Becker and you will be given the self-study course. One of the Big 4 gives you the choice of outline research paper, Wiley CPAexcel as well. If you have already paid for the review courses, you should be able to hypothesis and research negotiate a higher signing bonus equivalent to this amount.

The understanding is research, that Big 4 auditors can only be promoted to manager after they pass the CPA exam, and normally, they expect you are done by the time you become senior. 4. In? Special Bonus to Elijah Watt Sells Award Winners. Each year, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants honors a number of individuals with the Elijah Watt Sells award for the highest cumulative scores on the Uniform CPA Examination. PwC awards a bonus of $20,000 to any PwC staff member who receives this prestigious industry recognition.#8221; I found this in the PwC annual report. I heard (but wasn#8217;t able to confirm) that Deloitte and EY don#8217;t have this bonus.

According to the standard rule, you are entitled to the above bonuses and perks if you work for the firm for at least a year (check the disclaimer in your offer letter or contract). Mla Format Paper? What You WON#8217;T Get Immediately after Passing. In Big 4, you don#8217;t get a salary raise right after passing the exam, but you will likely receive a bigger salary bump at and contrast essays the next annual review. 2. Outline Research? Automatic money transfer into your account. You need to take the initiative to contact HR, fill out the sample thesis proposal necessary paperwork and provide proof of your passing. Processing time can range from a few weeks to a few months #8212; please expect 2-3 pay cycles before you get it.

3. Research Paper? Tax exemption of any sort. This bonus is taxable. Period. CPA Bonus in Local and Regional CPA Firms. For mid size to large regional CPA firms, you can expect a bonus of sample thesis proposal, $1,000-2,000. Some firms may choose to outline research offer a salary raise, or even a promotion.

The amount largely depends on the size and location of the firm. You may be able to negotiate the reimbursement of exam fees and and contrast essays, review courses as well. These benefits are repayable if you leave the firm within a certain period, typically within 1-2 years. For small and local CPA firms, you will get a pat on the back. Not too sure about the bonus though.

Salary increase is outline mla format research paper, always negotiable#8230; You don#8217;t need to study for chinese medicine this gruesome exam ever again! For Your Further Reading. Outline Research? How to talk your employer into paying for your CPA exam CPA exam preparation tips. Big 4 Accounting Dress Code: at Training, Office and masters proposal, Client Site. You are about to start your career in the Big 4. Lots of things are going on your mind. What to bring, how to dress#8230; Is There a Big 4 Accounting Dress Code? There isn#8217;t an official #8220;dress code#8221;, but most public accountants dress in a certain way.

There are slight variations across the cities in the US, and the style could be quite different in countries, especially those in Europe. In this post, we focus on mla format, the everyday office wear in the US. You may be told to dress business casual, but I would go a tad more formal, with a tie and masters thesis proposal, a suit. In my opinion, it is prudent to be slightly overdress than underdress. For women, it#8217;s hard to generalize.

I would say dress respectfully, with an outfit that looks good enough in front of partners. You will be shipped out of town for national training for research paper a couple of weeks. Trainings are done in where photo an informal setting and there are parties at night. The trainers are seniors and first year managers, and the rest are your peers. This is definitely business casual. Dress Code in outline paper Office and where children sleep photo essay, Client Site. After the outline mla format paper training, you will start working either at the client site of at hypothesis and research the office. In a typical office in mla format research the US, people usually go with simple button down dress shirt, dress pants, and dress shoes. For first or important client meetings, you may want to masters thesis see how your manager dress on the day, but typically you might want to dress up a little bit #8212; with a tie and full suit.

Junior auditors spend most of their time in the field in client#8217;s offices. For everyday work at the client site, business casual is usually fine. Having said that, depending on the client#8217;s corporate culture and style of your manager, you may have specific instruction to dress otherwise. Mla Format? I have a friend whose general rule for his team is to wear #8220;at the level#8221; of the my friends essay client#8217;s CFO. No matter what the guideline is, it is prudent to have a tie and suit ready for outline paper any ad hoc meeting with the company#8217;s management. Rule number one is to hypothesis and research paper adapt to the culture in which you work. Research Paper? This is true for any job anywhere in the world. If the my friends essay culture only research paper, calls for button down dress shirts and slacks, then do that. If it#8217;s your first day of work and you aren#8217;t sure about the culture, try to sample masters proposal recall how your interviewers dressed.

The juniors, seniors and mla format research, managers you saw around the office are also good reference. About Essay? If you are still not sure, stay on the conservative side. It#8217;s pleasing to dress smart with good style and good fit. But you shouldn#8217;t aim to dress #8220;smarter#8221; than your peers in order to stand out. Most people don#8217;t care; for the few who do, it will likely come out as negative. 1. We have casual Fridays that allow khakis and jeans, but my managers and above always wear suit.

Should I do that? Yes, this could be one exception. Outline Research Paper? Try to medicine research find out the reason #8212; do the mla format research paper managers wear suits because of frequent client meetings, but is where sleep photo essay, this the preferred style of upper management? I would probably dress something in between #8212; a tad more formal than the usual casual friday outfit (i.e. Outline Mla Format Research Paper? no jeans, but khakis and a shirt with nice cut and fabric). As you pass your first year, you may dress more like the managers if you wish to. 2. I love wearing vest suit and I wonder if it#8217;s appropriate in sample masters proposal the office?

If you are a new hire, I would say no, simply because you don#8217;t want to be called #8220;the vest guy#8221;. People may think you are trying too hard to impress. If it were me, I would take it down a notch to a regular suit with a tie, or dress pants with blazer, or something just a step above #8220;business casual#8221;. Alternatively, if you can#8217;t live without your vest, maybe once in a while, on special occasions, it#8217;s ok. 3. I look really young and I might look more better with a full suit in the more #8220;mature#8221; style.

What do you think? I suggest to pick a more conservative color (this usually means the darker color), or go for a slightly more upscale look, but I wouldn#8217;t go all the way to a full suit in the old style. You can#8217;t carry the outline research suit well with a young face. Worse, you#8217;ll look like a clown. As you will be joining the batch with other 22 year olds, I wouldn#8217;t worry about looking too fresh.

Colleagues and clients expect you to be young as a first year associate. 1. Be yourself but stay within the code. 2. Dress to impress but don#8217;t over dress. Sample Proposal? 3. If you want to stand out, stand out as a professional who does excellent work, not one who dresses uniquely.

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Our writers are graduated students from the outline mla format paper best Universities of the world. Lucille Ball Essay, Research Paper. On April 26, 1989, the world lost an extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. There are so many things to learn about this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and her unfortunate death. Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the 20th century. Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, New York on August 6, 1911. My Friends Essay! She spent her first few years in outline paper, Anaconda, Montana and Wyandotte, Michigan. Hypothesis! When Lucy was three and a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. On February 28, 1915, Had died of research paper, his illness.

This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Kathleen Brady in her book The Life of Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. . . hanging out the window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. . . the doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in medicine, the window, a picture that fell off the wall (Brady, 7). That bird became a haunting reminder and decades later stagehands on the I Love Lucy show learned never to put birds on research the set; for she would panic in anger. A month before her fourth birthday on hypothesis July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born.

A few years later Desiree married again. This time to Ed Peterson on outline mla format September 17, 1918. Hypothesis Paper! Ed did not like children and wouldn’t allow Lucy or Fred to outline mla format research, call him ?daddy?. When Lucy was in first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Fred with her own. While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the way she looked, spoke, and walked. With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and a high shrill voice she was easy to mock. Anthropology Essay! Grandma Peterson would dress her in dresses long enough so she would grow into them and outline, shoes so hard that they squeaked. Grandma would also part her hair right down the middle and pull it back so tightly that she had the look of perpetual shock. Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for one in the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at essay on culture her face.

Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for mla format paper her self-importance. Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in school, a shame so searing that in her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for her employees to use. When she was confronted by an executive that asked her where the pencils were going she took him to a back closet and showed him the packages of about my friends, unwrapped pencils. Paper! She only surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the pencils in the company and sample proposal, that she was only stealing from herself. The most important influence on Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park. She would go there with her family and outline, ride on roller coasters or visit the Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. And Research! She was afraid of gypsies who set up their camp under the maple trees at outline mla format the edge of the park every summer.

It was said in Celeron that the gypsies would kidnap local children and take them off to their campgrounds. Essay On Culture! Then their parents would have to pay the gypsies a silver dollar to make them return the kids they had snatched. Mla Format Research! One day Lucy came home and told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to and research paper, let her go. This caused paranoia in mla format research paper, the family. In 1920, she was sent off to about my friends, study singing, piano, and dancing at the Chautauqua Institute of Music. After Lucy came back from school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of cancer of the outline mla format research paper uterus on July 1, 1922. Where Sleep Photo Essay! Even though Ed had been cruel and wouldn’t have anything to do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to the Shriners, he arranged for her to act, dance, and sing at their conventions. In 1923, Ed and Desiree took her to see the celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in the area. After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. . . just this voice, and this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. . Outline Mla Format Paper! . his intonations. Where Children Sleep! . . Paper! which I never, never forgot!

He changed my life. I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to essays, be able to make people laugh and cry, to be able to play on outline mla format research their emotions. . . (Higham, 23). Because Lucy was inspired by Tannen she auditioned for and obtained a part in sample thesis proposal, a local musical given by the Masonic Club. While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the stage that she dislocated her shoulder. Outline! For the rest of her life she had trouble with that shoulder. When she was twelve and about, a half she took a bus to New York and got a job as a chorus girl in outline paper, the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones.

She was soon fired and sent home when her true age was discovered. At the age of 14, Lucy was tall and excessively thin and leggy for her age. She was overly energetic and her friends remember her diving into every activity she could think of from ice-skating to horseback riding. In 1925, she entered Celeron High School. There she began organizing a dramatic club and a school band. She directed and starred in plays and my friends, musicals. On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and the eve of the 4th of July. Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for some of the paper neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from hypothesis and research paper, a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and foolishly gave it to outline, the kids. It had bullets in masters, it to research, practice with in the backyard. Fred fired some shots at a tin can.

Lucy then followed and finally Joanna picked up the gun. At that exact moment, the eight-year-old son of the next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from his yard into the line of fire. Joanna was firing and the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and lodged in his left lung. He fell to the ground screaming and bleeding. His lower limbs, back, and arms were paralyzed. Essays! Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and Joanna rushed forward to do what they could. Research Paper! Then Erickson?s parents came out hysterical with rage and charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to fire at their son. Policed were called and anthropology, a harrowing ordeal followed. Warner was hurried to the hospital unable to move.

The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and willfully giving orders to outline, kill. Einer was insisting on $5,000 so it would fully cover the hospital, legal, and doctor fees. Anthropology Essay On Culture! Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in outline research, prison until the trial took place. The trial was a tribulation for in everyone in concern, since all the children had to give evidence. Even thought the shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Outline Research Paper! Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only a few hundred dollars and his only asset was the hypothesis and research paper house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded.

The house was sold at an auction to the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. Outline Mla Format Research Paper! This left Lucy and her family homeless until they were able to find an where essay, apartment. After this incident it was a total shock to everyone and Lucy was ostracized and that gave her the feeling of nervousness and paranoia about life. After the shooting, Ed?s sister Lola died of cancer and Lucy returned to New York to try find work in Vaudeville. She was not very successful. Mla Format! She struggled as an artist?s model and posed as a Chesterfield cigarette Girl while living at the Kimberly Hotel on 74th and Broadway. Later she worked for Hattie Carnegie who specialized in well- tailored costumes. Many celebrated women came into Hattie?s salon. Among those women was Joan Bennett.

For some reason, Hattie decided that Lucy resembled Joan. From then on Lucy modeled clothes for her. Sleep Photo! Lucy even dyed her hair platinum blond to match Joan?s hair color. One day Lucy was walking across the floor in a new costume and fell to the floor with severe pains in her legs in front of the costumers and staff. Hattie insisted that she see her own physician. The doctor said her condition was serious and that she should be sent to the Schuster Clinic on 113th Street. She was diagnosed with early signs of rheumatoid arthritis. This was quite rare at her age of seventeen. At that time, Professor Schuster was experimenting with a pregnant horse serum and asked Lucy if she would like to try it. Mla Format Research Paper! She accepted in essays in, an instant. later she credited this treatment for research paper having saved her from being permanently taken over by the disease.

She still had to give up her modeling and go home. She spent most of her time in bed or in a wheelchair. Her legs were so out of about, whack that she had to have twenty pound weights on each foot to straighten them out. For the next two years she was in constant pain. She wondered if she would be able to mla format paper, pursue her acting career again.

Lucy?s best friend in those days was a hair dresser named Gertrude Foote, known as Footie asked if she could go along with Lucy back to New York as Lucy was going to work with Hattie Carnegie again. At almost twenty, Lucy lost her awkward leggy look and was strikingly attractive. Her hair was a mousy brown and her eyes were an intense blazing blue. A designer, Rose Ruth, who was a favorite at Hattie?s was walking with Lucy when she ran into research paper a friend, Sylvia Hahlo, an mla format paper, actors? agent. Sylvia was very impressed with Lucy at various fashion shows and asked her if she would like to chinese, go to mla format, California. Lucy asked what she would do there. Anthropology On Culture! Sylvia told her that James Mulvey, of the Samuel Goldwyn office in new York was seeking models and showgirls for the film Roman Scandals, starring the comedian Eddie Cantor. These girls would be added to the galaxy of beauties known as the ?Goldwyn Girls?, who were chosen for their looks and mla format research, popularity at the time. While Lucy was hesitating with her decision she was offered a tiny, one-day job as a walk-on in the film Broadway Thru a Keyhole.

Sylvia rushed shots of Lucy in the film to Goldwyn. The representatives in New York signed her to and research, a contract. Outline Mla Format Research Paper! But when Goldwyn ran tests on her in Hollywood he didn?t like her at all. By chance the my friends essay dance director, Busby Berkeley who was hired to choreograph the research paper film insisted that Goldwyn hire her. If it hadn?t been for Berkeley, Lucy may have never came to Hollywood. Another break came when a mother of twelve girls refused to let one of her daughters appear in a Hollywood movie. At the same time Lucy was starting out so was Betty Grable. Betty could sing or pretend to quite effectively, but Lucy couldn?t and that made her feel inferior.

Since Betty was more talented then Lucy, Lucy tried to imitate her by dying her hair blond. When Lucy wasn?t working on a picture she would hang around the about set trying to secure better parts for herself. During this time Lucy was dating Mack Gray a friend of George Raft. Gray was Raft?s bodyguard-companion because Raft was a front man for the Mafia in New York. Raft also lent her money responding to the pleas that she was float broke. He allowed her to ride in his limousine with a chauffeur. Years later she tried to repay him but he wouldn?t hear of it.

Roman Scandals was directed by Frank Tuttle in 1933, which Lucy appeared with Kay Harvey. As Kay Harvey remembers one day, I came on the set one day to find ?Queen Lucy,? as we called her, riding a beautiful brown horse. Paper! She was wearing a scanty costume, with a long blond wig floating around her shoulders. Anthropology On Culture! The crew dubbed her Lady Godiva as she elegantly rode that poor, tired horse back and forth before cameras while we were lighted for a shot (Kay Harvey). Mla Format Research Paper! Kay also remembers that while she was riding she almost accidentally crushed a chorus girl who fell in front of the horse. After she completed several more Goldwyn films she was not exactly miserable, but she was not pleased either. She wasn?t happy with her next film, Blood Money, directed by Rowland Brown. Essays In! After that picture she was loaned to United Artists for a tiny part as a chorus girl in mla format research, the Constance Bennett picture Moulin Rouge. Hypothesis And Research! She took no interest in her next few pictures: Bottoms Up, Hold That Girl, Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back, The Affairs of Cellini, or Kid Millions.

Lucy very badly wanted to research, go to Columbia, the essay on culture studio that specialized in knock about comedies. She felt that she could grow there. As an outline mla format, act to sample proposal, get fired she would purposely be late getting to the set from break time in Kid Millions. Lucy finally got her interview with Harry Cohn at Columbia. The casting director looked at her and decided right on the spot she would be perfect as ?a dumb broad.? Instead of being cast in that feature she was thrown into a short twenty minute part in Perfectly Mismatched. In 1934, she found a modest frame house located at paper 1344 North Ogden Drive in Hollywood. She borrowed the down payment of $65 from George Raft.

She hit rock bottom in essays in, Three Little Pigskins, starring the research Three Stooges, whose idea of comedy was tweaking noses, smashing pies into peoples faces, and chinese paper, dumping cans of paint on to people?s heads. She didn?t like this kind of comedy. By this time Lucy was unhappy in Hollywood. Columbia had only signed a contract with her to do bits. She decided to wire her family in Jamestown to tell them to mla format research, come to Hollywood. She told them that she had no career and that she was still poor. Where Children Sleep Photo! They packed their bags and were off to live with Lucy. She sent the fares for outline mla format paper everyone and hypothesis and research paper, was relieved that Ed Peterson would not be joining then and that her mother and him were divorced. No sooner had the family came that Columbia decided to outline, disbanded the on culture comedy team to do more prestigous films. While Lucy was out taking a walk on the street, she ran into outline research paper a friend, Dick Gree, who said there was an opening for and contrast essays in a showgirl at RKO and were paying $50 a week.

RKO needed her to play a model in a fashion show sequence for the Fred Astair/Ginger Rogers picture. Even though she only had to walk down an isle wearing ostrich feathers, it was an honor to her to appear in one of their pictures. Emerging at the same time was Lucy?s RKO rival, Betty Grable, who was more talented than her. Mla Format Paper! To compete with her Lucy dyed her hair red. Not knowing what she was doing on March 19, 1936, Lucy registered with the Los Angeles County Registrar of about my friends, Voters to affiliate with the Communist Party. From this decision, years later during the McCarthy era she was put into the threat of outline research paper, professional ruin and public exposure. She always said that decision was only to please her grandfather.

As Lucy managed to obtain a leave from her contract from RKO she landed a role in a stage musical that was bound for Broadway, Hey Diddle Diddle. After the opening on January 21, 1937 of Hey Diddle Diddle at research paper the McCarter Theater in Princeton, New Jersey she received remarks from the Variety saying: ?Miss Ball fattens a fat part and almost walks off with the outline research paper play. She outlines a consistent character and hypothesis paper, continuously gives it logical substance. Has a sense of timing and, with a few exceptions, keeps her comedy under control.? (Higgings, 43) After the production closed Lucy returned to Hollywood and found herself cast in outline mla format research paper, a movie with exceptional quality, Stage Door. The director, Gregory La Cava, was an alcoholic and every day the crew wondered if he would mess up the production. It wasn?t until she played in 47 films that she met Desi Arnaz on the set of Dance, Girl, Dance in 1940. Desi and Lucy didn?t hit it off at first, but soon they fell in love with each other and were married in Greenich, Connecticut. From 1940 on she continued to my friends, play in movies and films. Sometimes she would be cast with Bob Hope, Henry Fonda, Ginger Rogers, or Katharine Hepburn. Her more successful films include: The Big Street, Du Barry Was a Lady, Best Foot Forward, Ziegfeld Follies, and Lured.

While Lucy was on tour of Dream Girl the cast came down with a virus and could not perform on Christmas 1947. In generosity Lucy paid for the casts hospital bills and wages. Outline Mla Format Research! By the time she got to southern California for opening night, she too was stricken with the virus. Chinese Paper! It was of paper, her own will power that she got through her performance on in January 5, 1948. The review by the Los Angeles Time?s Edwin Schallert was favorable and outline mla format research paper, he wrote: Here is a young lady of the films who could, if she would, have a dazzling footlight career. And what is more‹ though this may be a brash statement to make‹ she is, in a sense, wasting her talents in pictures. . . Miss Ball is a striking presence in my friends, the footlight world. She has efficiency as a comedienne. She can tinge a scene delicately with pathos.

She has special facility in dealing with sharp-edged repartee. She apparently never overdoes the outline mla format research sentimental side of a role. . . (Higham, 89#038;90). Essays In! After that review Lucy went on mla format to complete eight more films before the tragic death of a dear friend of hers. In the spring of 1951, S. Sylvan Simon at the age of forty-one committed suicide for essays in unknown reasons. Lucy told that it was he who inspired the crazy comedy that led to ?I Love Lucy.? Lucy and Desi went on to start their own television series. Mla Format Research Paper! They came up with ideas, but television studios would not accept the show.

After taking out loans, Lucy and Desi founded ?Desilu Productions.? I Love Lucy became the where children sleep most popular television series of its decade running continuously from 1951 to 1957. Mla Format! In 1960, Lucy divorced Desi. About Essay! Later she became head of two major television companies and did more ?Lucy? series; The Lucy show (1962-69), Here?s Lucy (1968-74), and outline mla format paper, last and the least successful 1986 series Life with Lucy. On May 10, 1988, after her television career was finished, Lucy woke up and went to about my friends, the bathroom. Suddenly she felt a heavy object fall into her lap. Outline Mla Format Paper! When she picked it up she realized it was her arm and that she had had a stroke.

Her then husband, Gary rushed her to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and she spent a few hours in intensive care. Essay On Culture! She was then released and a nurse, Trudi Arcudi moved in with her. For the next few months she worked on her partially paralyzed right side and her speech. After her recovery she was pleased to be invited to appear with Bob Hope at the Oscars in late March 1989 to outline mla format, introduce a salute to young performers. Over the next few weeks she felt tired and sluggish, and one morning she woke up with terrible chest pains. She was driven to the hospital by Gary. There doctors performed a six-and-a-half-hour emergency open-heart surgery to replace a torn section of her aorta and children essay, a weakened valve.

As people heard about the news they phoned the outline mla format hospital of her condition. She received flowers and cards by chinese research paper the ton. As she was making a remarkable recovery she was thrilled to hear about outline research paper, all the chinese research paper cards and outline paper, calls she had received. On April 26, 1989, just before she was due to go home, she awoke with a pain in her back. Only Trudi Arcudi was with her as her patched aorta burst and her life came to an end.

Now you know the fascinating life Lucille Ball led being one of the most famous women in thesis proposal, television history. Although her childhood may be shocking to you. It was far from what you think a wonderful lady like her would have been raised. But even the misfortunate live to be extraordinary people. The most important thing to Lucille Ball was that she wanted everyone to love her because she didn?t receive that kind of love as a child. Lucy did die knowing that everyone loved her after all. On April 26, 1989, the world lost an extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. There are so many things to learn about this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and her unfortunate death.

Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the 20th century. Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, New York on August 6, 1911. She spent her first few years in Anaconda, Montana and Wyandotte, Michigan. When Lucy was three and a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. Paper! On February 28, 1915, Had died of his illness. This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Kathleen Brady in paper, her book The Life of Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. Paper! . . hanging out the window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. . . the chinese doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in the window, a picture that fell off the wall (Brady, 7). That bird became a haunting reminder and decades later stagehands on the I Love Lucy show learned never to put birds on outline research the set; for she would panic in children photo essay, anger. A month before her fourth birthday on July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born.

A few years later Desiree married again. This time to Ed Peterson on September 17, 1918. Ed did not like children and wouldn’t allow Lucy or Fred to call him ?daddy?. When Lucy was in first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Fred with her own. While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the way she looked, spoke, and walked. Outline Mla Format Research Paper! With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and a high shrill voice she was easy to mock.

Grandma Peterson would dress her in dresses long enough so she would grow into where photo essay them and shoes so hard that they squeaked. Grandma would also part her hair right down the middle and pull it back so tightly that she had the look of perpetual shock. Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for one in paper, the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at her face. Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for her self-importance. Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in school, a shame so searing that in her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for her employees to use. When she was confronted by an executive that asked her where the pencils were going she took him to a back closet and showed him the packages of unwrapped pencils. She only surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the pencils in the company and that she was only stealing from herself. Essays! The most important influence on Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park.

She would go there with her family and outline mla format paper, ride on roller coasters or visit the Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. She was afraid of gypsies who set up their camp under the maple trees at the edge of the park every summer. It was said in Celeron that the gypsies would kidnap local children and and research, take them off to mla format, their campgrounds. Then their parents would have to pay the gypsies a silver dollar to make them return the kids they had snatched. Paper! One day Lucy came home and told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to let her go. This caused paranoia in research paper, the family. In 1920, she was sent off to study singing, piano, and dancing at the Chautauqua Institute of Music. After Lucy came back from medicine research, school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of cancer of the uterus on July 1, 1922.

Even though Ed had been cruel and wouldn’t have anything to do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to the Shriners, he arranged for her to act, dance, and sing at their conventions. Outline Mla Format Paper! In 1923, Ed and Desiree took her to see the celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in essay on culture, the area. After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. . . just this voice, and this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. . Mla Format Research Paper! . his intonations. . . which I never, never forgot! He changed my life. I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to chinese medicine research, be able to make people laugh and cry, to be able to play on their emotions. Mla Format Research Paper! . . (Higham, 23). Because Lucy was inspired by about Tannen she auditioned for and obtained a part in a local musical given by the Masonic Club.

While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the stage that she dislocated her shoulder. For the rest of her life she had trouble with that shoulder. When she was twelve and a half she took a bus to New York and paper, got a job as a chorus girl in the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones. She was soon fired and sent home when her true age was discovered. At the age of 14, Lucy was tall and excessively thin and leggy for where children sleep essay her age. She was overly energetic and her friends remember her diving into outline research every activity she could think of from ice-skating to chinese paper, horseback riding. In 1925, she entered Celeron High School. There she began organizing a dramatic club and a school band. She directed and starred in plays and musicals.

On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and the eve of the 4th of July. Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for some of the outline mla format paper neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from medicine research, a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and foolishly gave it to the kids. Research! It had bullets in hypothesis and research, it to practice with in the backyard. Fred fired some shots at a tin can. Lucy then followed and finally Joanna picked up the gun. At that exact moment, the eight-year-old son of the next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from his yard into the line of outline research, fire. Joanna was firing and the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and hypothesis, lodged in outline mla format paper, his left lung. He fell to the ground screaming and bleeding. Sample Masters! His lower limbs, back, and arms were paralyzed. Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and Joanna rushed forward to do what they could.

Then Erickson?s parents came out hysterical with rage and outline mla format research paper, charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to fire at their son. Policed were called and a harrowing ordeal followed. Warner was hurried to the hospital unable to move. The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at chinese research his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and willfully giving orders to kill. Einer was insisting on $5,000 so it would fully cover the hospital, legal, and doctor fees. Research Paper! Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in prison until the trial took place. The trial was a tribulation for and contrast everyone in concern, since all the children had to research paper, give evidence. Even thought the shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only a few hundred dollars and his only and contrast in asset was the house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded.

The house was sold at an auction to the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. This left Lucy and her family homeless until they were able to find an apartment. After this incident it was a total shock to everyone and Lucy was ostracized and that gave her the feeling of nervousness and paranoia about life. After the shooting, Ed?s sister Lola died of cancer and Lucy returned to New York to outline research paper, try find work in Vaudeville. She was not very successful. She struggled as an artist?s model and posed as a Chesterfield cigarette Girl while living at the Kimberly Hotel on 74th and Broadway. Later she worked for Hattie Carnegie who specialized in medicine, well- tailored costumes. Research Paper! Many celebrated women came into essay on culture Hattie?s salon. Among those women was Joan Bennett. For some reason, Hattie decided that Lucy resembled Joan. From then on Lucy modeled clothes for her.

Lucy even dyed her hair platinum blond to match Joan?s hair color. One day Lucy was walking across the floor in a new costume and fell to the floor with severe pains in mla format, her legs in about my friends, front of the outline mla format paper costumers and staff. Hattie insisted that she see her own physician. The doctor said her condition was serious and that she should be sent to the Schuster Clinic on 113th Street. She was diagnosed with early signs of rheumatoid arthritis. This was quite rare at her age of seventeen. At that time, Professor Schuster was experimenting with a pregnant horse serum and asked Lucy if she would like to try it. She accepted in an instant. About My Friends! later she credited this treatment for having saved her from being permanently taken over by the disease. She still had to mla format, give up her modeling and go home. She spent most of her time in bed or in a wheelchair.

Her legs were so out of whack that she had to have twenty pound weights on each foot to straighten them out. For the next two years she was in sleep, constant pain. She wondered if she would be able to research paper, pursue her acting career again. Lucy?s best friend in those days was a hair dresser named Gertrude Foote, known as Footie asked if she could go along with Lucy back to New York as Lucy was going to work with Hattie Carnegie again. At almost twenty, Lucy lost her awkward leggy look and was strikingly attractive. Her hair was a mousy brown and her eyes were an intense blazing blue.

A designer, Rose Ruth, who was a favorite at chinese paper Hattie?s was walking with Lucy when she ran into a friend, Sylvia Hahlo, an actors? agent. Sylvia was very impressed with Lucy at various fashion shows and asked her if she would like to go to outline mla format paper, California. Children Photo Essay! Lucy asked what she would do there. Sylvia told her that James Mulvey, of the outline research Samuel Goldwyn office in new York was seeking models and showgirls for about my friends the film Roman Scandals, starring the comedian Eddie Cantor. These girls would be added to the galaxy of beauties known as the ?Goldwyn Girls?, who were chosen for their looks and popularity at the time. Research Paper! While Lucy was hesitating with her decision she was offered a tiny, one-day job as a walk-on in the film Broadway Thru a Keyhole. Sylvia rushed shots of research, Lucy in research, the film to Goldwyn.

The representatives in where sleep essay, New York signed her to outline mla format research, a contract. Hypothesis And Research Paper! But when Goldwyn ran tests on paper her in Hollywood he didn?t like her at where sleep all. By chance the dance director, Busby Berkeley who was hired to choreograph the film insisted that Goldwyn hire her. If it hadn?t been for Berkeley, Lucy may have never came to Hollywood. Another break came when a mother of twelve girls refused to let one of mla format research paper, her daughters appear in a Hollywood movie.

At the same time Lucy was starting out so was Betty Grable. Betty could sing or pretend to my friends, quite effectively, but Lucy couldn?t and that made her feel inferior. Since Betty was more talented then Lucy, Lucy tried to imitate her by dying her hair blond. When Lucy wasn?t working on a picture she would hang around the set trying to secure better parts for herself. During this time Lucy was dating Mack Gray a friend of George Raft. Gray was Raft?s bodyguard-companion because Raft was a front man for research paper the Mafia in New York. Raft also lent her money responding to the pleas that she was float broke. He allowed her to ride in his limousine with a chauffeur.

Years later she tried to essay, repay him but he wouldn?t hear of it. Roman Scandals was directed by Frank Tuttle in 1933, which Lucy appeared with Kay Harvey. As Kay Harvey remembers one day, I came on the set one day to find ?Queen Lucy,? as we called her, riding a beautiful brown horse. She was wearing a scanty costume, with a long blond wig floating around her shoulders. The crew dubbed her Lady Godiva as she elegantly rode that poor, tired horse back and forth before cameras while we were lighted for a shot (Kay Harvey).

Kay also remembers that while she was riding she almost accidentally crushed a chorus girl who fell in mla format research, front of the horse. Medicine Paper! After she completed several more Goldwyn films she was not exactly miserable, but she was not pleased either. Outline Research! She wasn?t happy with her next film, Blood Money, directed by essay Rowland Brown. After that picture she was loaned to United Artists for mla format paper a tiny part as a chorus girl in the Constance Bennett picture Moulin Rouge. She took no interest in her next few pictures: Bottoms Up, Hold That Girl, Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back, The Affairs of Cellini, or Kid Millions. Lucy very badly wanted to go to about my friends essay, Columbia, the studio that specialized in knock about comedies. She felt that she could grow there. As an act to get fired she would purposely be late getting to the set from break time in Kid Millions.

Lucy finally got her interview with Harry Cohn at Columbia. Outline Paper! The casting director looked at her and decided right on the spot she would be perfect as ?a dumb broad.? Instead of where children photo, being cast in that feature she was thrown into a short twenty minute part in mla format, Perfectly Mismatched. In 1934, she found a modest frame house located at 1344 North Ogden Drive in where sleep photo essay, Hollywood. She borrowed the down payment of $65 from George Raft. She hit rock bottom in Three Little Pigskins, starring the mla format research paper Three Stooges, whose idea of masters thesis, comedy was tweaking noses, smashing pies into peoples faces, and dumping cans of paint on to people?s heads.

She didn?t like this kind of comedy. By this time Lucy was unhappy in Hollywood. Columbia had only signed a contract with her to do bits. She decided to wire her family in Jamestown to tell them to come to Hollywood. She told them that she had no career and that she was still poor. They packed their bags and were off to live with Lucy. Outline Research Paper! She sent the fares for everyone and was relieved that Ed Peterson would not be joining then and that her mother and children sleep essay, him were divorced. No sooner had the research paper family came that Columbia decided to disbanded the comedy team to do more prestigous films. About Essay! While Lucy was out outline mla format paper taking a walk on the street, she ran into a friend, Dick Gree, who said there was an paper, opening for a showgirl at RKO and mla format, were paying $50 a week.

RKO needed her to play a model in a fashion show sequence for the Fred Astair/Ginger Rogers picture. Even though she only had to walk down an isle wearing ostrich feathers, it was an honor to her to appear in paper, one of their pictures. Emerging at the same time was Lucy?s RKO rival, Betty Grable, who was more talented than her. Mla Format Research Paper! To compete with her Lucy dyed her hair red. Not knowing what she was doing on March 19, 1936, Lucy registered with the Los Angeles County Registrar of Voters to essay, affiliate with the Communist Party. Outline Research! From this decision, years later during the and contrast essays McCarthy era she was put into the threat of outline research, professional ruin and public exposure. She always said that decision was only to please her grandfather.

As Lucy managed to obtain a leave from her contract from RKO she landed a role in a stage musical that was bound for Broadway, Hey Diddle Diddle. After the my friends opening on January 21, 1937 of mla format paper, Hey Diddle Diddle at the McCarter Theater in Princeton, New Jersey she received remarks from the Variety saying: ?Miss Ball fattens a fat part and almost walks off with the play. She outlines a consistent character and continuously gives it logical substance. Has a sense of timing and, with a few exceptions, keeps her comedy under control.? (Higgings, 43) After the production closed Lucy returned to essays, Hollywood and found herself cast in mla format, a movie with exceptional quality, Stage Door. The director, Gregory La Cava, was an alcoholic and every day the crew wondered if he would mess up the production. It wasn?t until she played in essay, 47 films that she met Desi Arnaz on the set of Dance, Girl, Dance in 1940.

Desi and Lucy didn?t hit it off at outline research paper first, but soon they fell in love with each other and hypothesis and research, were married in outline research paper, Greenich, Connecticut. From 1940 on she continued to play in movies and films. Sometimes she would be cast with Bob Hope, Henry Fonda, Ginger Rogers, or Katharine Hepburn. Sample Thesis! Her more successful films include: The Big Street, Du Barry Was a Lady, Best Foot Forward, Ziegfeld Follies, and outline research paper, Lured. While Lucy was on tour of Dream Girl the paper cast came down with a virus and could not perform on Christmas 1947. In generosity Lucy paid for the casts hospital bills and wages. Mla Format! By the time she got to southern California for my friends essay opening night, she too was stricken with the mla format virus. It was of about, her own will power that she got through her performance on January 5, 1948. Outline Mla Format Paper! The review by the Los Angeles Time?s Edwin Schallert was favorable and he wrote: Here is sample, a young lady of the films who could, if she would, have a dazzling footlight career. Outline Research Paper! And what is more‹ though this may be a brash statement to make‹ she is, in a sense, wasting her talents in pictures. . . Miss Ball is a striking presence in the footlight world. She has efficiency as a comedienne.

She can tinge a scene delicately with pathos. She has special facility in dealing with sharp-edged repartee. She apparently never overdoes the sentimental side of a role. . . (Higham, 89#038;90). After that review Lucy went on to complete eight more films before the about essay tragic death of a dear friend of outline mla format, hers. In the spring of 1951, S. Sample Masters Thesis! Sylvan Simon at the age of forty-one committed suicide for unknown reasons. Lucy told that it was he who inspired the crazy comedy that led to ?I Love Lucy.? Lucy and mla format research, Desi went on to start their own television series.

They came up with ideas, but television studios would not accept the show. After taking out loans, Lucy and Desi founded ?Desilu Productions.? I Love Lucy became the chinese medicine research paper most popular television series of outline research, its decade running continuously from and research, 1951 to 1957. In 1960, Lucy divorced Desi. Later she became head of two major television companies and mla format, did more ?Lucy? series; The Lucy show (1962-69), Here?s Lucy (1968-74), and last and the least successful 1986 series Life with Lucy. On May 10, 1988, after her television career was finished, Lucy woke up and went to the bathroom.

Suddenly she felt a heavy object fall into research her lap. When she picked it up she realized it was her arm and research, that she had had a stroke. Sample Masters! Her then husband, Gary rushed her to outline research paper, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and on culture, she spent a few hours in intensive care. Paper! She was then released and a nurse, Trudi Arcudi moved in and research, with her. For the next few months she worked on her partially paralyzed right side and mla format research, her speech. After her recovery she was pleased to be invited to appear with Bob Hope at the Oscars in late March 1989 to introduce a salute to young performers. Over the proposal next few weeks she felt tired and sluggish, and one morning she woke up with terrible chest pains. She was driven to the hospital by Gary.

There doctors performed a six-and-a-half-hour emergency open-heart surgery to replace a torn section of her aorta and mla format paper, a weakened valve. As people heard about the news they phoned the hospital of her condition. She received flowers and cards by the ton. As she was making a remarkable recovery she was thrilled to hear about all the cards and calls she had received. On April 26, 1989, just before she was due to go home, she awoke with a pain in her back.

Only Trudi Arcudi was with her as her patched aorta burst and her life came to an end. Now you know the fascinating life Lucille Ball led being one of the most famous women in paper, television history. Although her childhood may be shocking to you. Paper! It was far from what you think a wonderful lady like her would have been raised. But even the misfortunate live to medicine, be extraordinary people. The most important thing to Lucille Ball was that she wanted everyone to love her because she didn?t receive that kind of outline paper, love as a child. Lucy did die knowing that everyone loved her after all. On April 26, 1989, the essays world lost an extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. There are so many things to learn about this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and her unfortunate death. Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the 20th century.

Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, New York on August 6, 1911. She spent her first few years in Anaconda, Montana and Wyandotte, Michigan. Outline Research! When Lucy was three and a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. On February 28, 1915, Had died of his illness. This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Hypothesis! Kathleen Brady in her book The Life of Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. . . Mla Format Research Paper! hanging out the window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. Essay! . . the doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in the window, a picture that fell off the wall (Brady, 7). That bird became a haunting reminder and research paper, decades later stagehands on the I Love Lucy show learned never to sample proposal, put birds on the set; for outline research paper she would panic in anger. A month before her fourth birthday on and contrast essays in July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born. Outline Research! A few years later Desiree married again.

This time to Ed Peterson on September 17, 1918. Ed did not like children and wouldn’t allow Lucy or Fred to call him ?daddy?. And Research! When Lucy was in first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Fred with her own. While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the way she looked, spoke, and walked. With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and a high shrill voice she was easy to mock. Grandma Peterson would dress her in mla format research, dresses long enough so she would grow into them and essays, shoes so hard that they squeaked. Grandma would also part her hair right down the middle and pull it back so tightly that she had the outline research look of perpetual shock. Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for one in the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at her face. Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for her self-importance. Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in school, a shame so searing that in her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for essay her employees to use.

When she was confronted by paper an executive that asked her where the pencils were going she took him to a back closet and showed him the packages of unwrapped pencils. Anthropology On Culture! She only surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the research paper pencils in the company and that she was only medicine paper stealing from herself. The most important influence on Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park. She would go there with her family and ride on roller coasters or visit the Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. She was afraid of outline mla format paper, gypsies who set up their camp under the maple trees at the edge of the park every summer. It was said in Celeron that the sample thesis gypsies would kidnap local children and take them off to their campgrounds. Then their parents would have to pay the research gypsies a silver dollar to make them return the kids they had snatched. One day Lucy came home and told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to let her go. This caused paranoia in anthropology on culture, the family.

In 1920, she was sent off to study singing, piano, and dancing at the Chautauqua Institute of Music. Outline Research! After Lucy came back from my friends, school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of cancer of the uterus on research paper July 1, 1922. Even though Ed had been cruel and wouldn’t have anything to do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to sample thesis, the Shriners, he arranged for her to mla format research paper, act, dance, and about my friends essay, sing at their conventions. In 1923, Ed and outline research paper, Desiree took her to see the celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in the area.

After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. Essay On Culture! . . just this voice, and this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. . . his intonations. . . which I never, never forgot! He changed my life. I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to be able to make people laugh and cry, to be able to play on their emotions. . . (Higham, 23). Because Lucy was inspired by Tannen she auditioned for and obtained a part in a local musical given by the Masonic Club. While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the stage that she dislocated her shoulder. For the rest of her life she had trouble with that shoulder. When she was twelve and a half she took a bus to New York and got a job as a chorus girl in the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones. She was soon fired and sent home when her true age was discovered.

At the age of 14, Lucy was tall and excessively thin and leggy for her age. She was overly energetic and her friends remember her diving into every activity she could think of from ice-skating to horseback riding. In 1925, she entered Celeron High School. There she began organizing a dramatic club and a school band. She directed and starred in plays and outline mla format research, musicals. On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and paper, the eve of the 4th of July.

Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for some of the neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and foolishly gave it to the kids. It had bullets in mla format research paper, it to sample proposal, practice with in the backyard. Fred fired some shots at outline mla format a tin can. Lucy then followed and about my friends, finally Joanna picked up the gun.

At that exact moment, the paper eight-year-old son of the next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from his yard into the line of fire. Joanna was firing and medicine, the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and lodged in outline mla format research, his left lung. He fell to the ground screaming and where children sleep essay, bleeding. Research Paper! His lower limbs, back, and arms were paralyzed. Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and Joanna rushed forward to do what they could.

Then Erickson?s parents came out hysterical with rage and charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to fire at their son. Medicine Research! Policed were called and a harrowing ordeal followed. Warner was hurried to the hospital unable to move. The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and willfully giving orders to kill. Paper! Einer was insisting on $5,000 so it would fully cover the anthropology on culture hospital, legal, and doctor fees. Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in prison until the trial took place. The trial was a tribulation for everyone in paper, concern, since all the children had to give evidence. Even thought the shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only hypothesis and research a few hundred dollars and outline mla format research paper, his only asset was the house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded. And Contrast In! The house was sold at an auction to the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. Outline Research! This left Lucy and essay, her family homeless until they were able to find an apartment.

After this incident it was a total shock to everyone and Lucy was ostracized and that gave her the feeling of nervousness and paranoia about research paper, life. After the research shooting, Ed?s sister Lola died of outline paper, cancer and Lucy returned to children sleep photo essay, New York to try find work in Vaudeville. She was not very successful. She struggled as an artist?s model and posed as a Chesterfield cigarette Girl while living at the Kimberly Hotel on outline mla format research 74th and Broadway. Hypothesis Paper! Later she worked for Hattie Carnegie who specialized in well- tailored costumes. Many celebrated women came into Hattie?s salon. Among those women was Joan Bennett. For some reason, Hattie decided that Lucy resembled Joan. From then on outline mla format Lucy modeled clothes for her. Lucy even dyed her hair platinum blond to match Joan?s hair color.

One day Lucy was walking across the floor in a new costume and fell to the floor with severe pains in her legs in front of the costumers and staff. Hattie insisted that she see her own physician. The doctor said her condition was serious and paper, that she should be sent to the Schuster Clinic on mla format 113th Street. She was diagnosed with early signs of rheumatoid arthritis. This was quite rare at her age of seventeen.

At that time, Professor Schuster was experimenting with a pregnant horse serum and asked Lucy if she would like to try it. She accepted in an instant. later she credited this treatment for having saved her from being permanently taken over by the disease. Where Children Essay! She still had to give up her modeling and go home. She spent most of her time in bed or in a wheelchair. Her legs were so out of whack that she had to outline, have twenty pound weights on each foot to straighten them out. Where Children Photo! For the next two years she was in constant pain. She wondered if she would be able to pursue her acting career again.

Lucy?s best friend in outline mla format research, those days was a hair dresser named Gertrude Foote, known as Footie asked if she could go along with Lucy back to New York as Lucy was going to work with Hattie Carnegie again. At almost twenty, Lucy lost her awkward leggy look and was strikingly attractive. Paper! Her hair was a mousy brown and research, her eyes were an research, intense blazing blue. A designer, Rose Ruth, who was a favorite at outline research Hattie?s was walking with Lucy when she ran into chinese research a friend, Sylvia Hahlo, an actors? agent. Sylvia was very impressed with Lucy at various fashion shows and outline, asked her if she would like to my friends, go to California. Lucy asked what she would do there. Sylvia told her that James Mulvey, of the Samuel Goldwyn office in new York was seeking models and showgirls for the film Roman Scandals, starring the comedian Eddie Cantor. These girls would be added to the galaxy of beauties known as the ?Goldwyn Girls?, who were chosen for their looks and popularity at the time. While Lucy was hesitating with her decision she was offered a tiny, one-day job as a walk-on in the film Broadway Thru a Keyhole. Sylvia rushed shots of Lucy in the film to Goldwyn. The representatives in New York signed her to a contract.

But when Goldwyn ran tests on her in mla format research, Hollywood he didn?t like her at all. Proposal! By chance the dance director, Busby Berkeley who was hired to choreograph the mla format film insisted that Goldwyn hire her. If it hadn?t been for Berkeley, Lucy may have never came to Hollywood. Another break came when a mother of sleep photo, twelve girls refused to let one of her daughters appear in mla format paper, a Hollywood movie. Where Children Sleep! At the same time Lucy was starting out so was Betty Grable. Betty could sing or pretend to quite effectively, but Lucy couldn?t and that made her feel inferior. Since Betty was more talented then Lucy, Lucy tried to imitate her by research dying her hair blond. Anthropology Essay On Culture! When Lucy wasn?t working on a picture she would hang around the research paper set trying to secure better parts for herself.

During this time Lucy was dating Mack Gray a friend of essays, George Raft. Outline Research! Gray was Raft?s bodyguard-companion because Raft was a front man for the Mafia in New York. Children Sleep Photo Essay! Raft also lent her money responding to the pleas that she was float broke. He allowed her to ride in his limousine with a chauffeur. Outline Research! Years later she tried to repay him but he wouldn?t hear of it.

Roman Scandals was directed by Frank Tuttle in chinese research paper, 1933, which Lucy appeared with Kay Harvey. Outline Mla Format Paper! As Kay Harvey remembers one day, I came on the set one day to find ?Queen Lucy,? as we called her, riding a beautiful brown horse. She was wearing a scanty costume, with a long blond wig floating around her shoulders. About My Friends Essay! The crew dubbed her Lady Godiva as she elegantly rode that poor, tired horse back and forth before cameras while we were lighted for outline paper a shot (Kay Harvey). Kay also remembers that while she was riding she almost accidentally crushed a chorus girl who fell in front of the horse. Hypothesis! After she completed several more Goldwyn films she was not exactly miserable, but she was not pleased either.

She wasn?t happy with her next film, Blood Money, directed by Rowland Brown. After that picture she was loaned to United Artists for a tiny part as a chorus girl in the Constance Bennett picture Moulin Rouge. She took no interest in her next few pictures: Bottoms Up, Hold That Girl, Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back, The Affairs of Cellini, or Kid Millions. Lucy very badly wanted to go to Columbia, the studio that specialized in knock about comedies. She felt that she could grow there.

As an act to get fired she would purposely be late getting to outline paper, the set from break time in Kid Millions. Anthropology Essay On Culture! Lucy finally got her interview with Harry Cohn at Columbia. The casting director looked at mla format research paper her and decided right on the spot she would be perfect as ?a dumb broad.? Instead of being cast in hypothesis, that feature she was thrown into a short twenty minute part in Perfectly Mismatched. Mla Format Research Paper! In 1934, she found a modest frame house located at 1344 North Ogden Drive in sample proposal, Hollywood. She borrowed the down payment of $65 from George Raft. She hit rock bottom in outline mla format research, Three Little Pigskins, starring the anthropology essay Three Stooges, whose idea of comedy was tweaking noses, smashing pies into peoples faces, and dumping cans of paint on to people?s heads. She didn?t like this kind of comedy. Outline Research! By this time Lucy was unhappy in Hollywood. Columbia had only signed a contract with her to sample masters thesis proposal, do bits. She decided to wire her family in Jamestown to tell them to come to Hollywood.

She told them that she had no career and that she was still poor. They packed their bags and were off to mla format research paper, live with Lucy. She sent the fares for everyone and was relieved that Ed Peterson would not be joining then and that her mother and him were divorced. No sooner had the family came that Columbia decided to disbanded the essay comedy team to do more prestigous films. While Lucy was out taking a walk on the street, she ran into a friend, Dick Gree, who said there was an outline mla format paper, opening for a showgirl at RKO and were paying $50 a week.

RKO needed her to play a model in a fashion show sequence for the Fred Astair/Ginger Rogers picture. Masters Thesis! Even though she only had to outline paper, walk down an isle wearing ostrich feathers, it was an honor to essays, her to appear in one of their pictures. Emerging at the same time was Lucy?s RKO rival, Betty Grable, who was more talented than her. To compete with her Lucy dyed her hair red. Not knowing what she was doing on outline research paper March 19, 1936, Lucy registered with the where children sleep photo Los Angeles County Registrar of Voters to affiliate with the Communist Party. From this decision, years later during the McCarthy era she was put into the threat of mla format, professional ruin and public exposure. Where Photo! She always said that decision was only to please her grandfather.

As Lucy managed to mla format research paper, obtain a leave from her contract from and contrast in, RKO she landed a role in a stage musical that was bound for Broadway, Hey Diddle Diddle. Research! After the opening on January 21, 1937 of Hey Diddle Diddle at the McCarter Theater in Princeton, New Jersey she received remarks from the Variety saying: ?Miss Ball fattens a fat part and about my friends, almost walks off with the play. She outlines a consistent character and continuously gives it logical substance. Research! Has a sense of timing and, with a few exceptions, keeps her comedy under control.? (Higgings, 43) After the production closed Lucy returned to Hollywood and found herself cast in a movie with exceptional quality, Stage Door. The director, Gregory La Cava, was an alcoholic and every day the crew wondered if he would mess up the production. It wasn?t until she played in in, 47 films that she met Desi Arnaz on paper the set of Dance, Girl, Dance in 1940. Desi and Lucy didn?t hit it off at first, but soon they fell in love with each other and were married in essays in, Greenich, Connecticut. From 1940 on she continued to play in movies and films.

Sometimes she would be cast with Bob Hope, Henry Fonda, Ginger Rogers, or Katharine Hepburn. Paper! Her more successful films include: The Big Street, Du Barry Was a Lady, Best Foot Forward, Ziegfeld Follies, and essay on culture, Lured. While Lucy was on tour of Dream Girl the cast came down with a virus and could not perform on Christmas 1947. Outline Research! In generosity Lucy paid for the casts hospital bills and wages. By the time she got to southern California for anthropology essay opening night, she too was stricken with the virus. It was of her own will power that she got through her performance on January 5, 1948. Research! The review by about essay the Los Angeles Time?s Edwin Schallert was favorable and he wrote: Here is outline mla format, a young lady of the films who could, if she would, have a dazzling footlight career. And what is more‹ though this may be a brash statement to where children sleep photo essay, make‹ she is, in a sense, wasting her talents in pictures. . Outline Research! . Miss Ball is a striking presence in the footlight world. My Friends! She has efficiency as a comedienne. She can tinge a scene delicately with pathos. She has special facility in dealing with sharp-edged repartee.

She apparently never overdoes the sentimental side of a role. . . (Higham, 89#038;90). After that review Lucy went on to complete eight more films before the tragic death of a dear friend of hers. Outline Paper! In the spring of 1951, S. Sylvan Simon at the age of forty-one committed suicide for unknown reasons. Lucy told that it was he who inspired the crazy comedy that led to ?I Love Lucy.? Lucy and Desi went on about my friends to start their own television series.

They came up with ideas, but television studios would not accept the show. Outline Research! After taking out loans, Lucy and Desi founded ?Desilu Productions.? I Love Lucy became the medicine research most popular television series of its decade running continuously from 1951 to 1957. In 1960, Lucy divorced Desi. Later she became head of two major television companies and did more ?Lucy? series; The Lucy show (1962-69), Here?s Lucy (1968-74), and last and the least successful 1986 series Life with Lucy. On May 10, 1988, after her television career was finished, Lucy woke up and went to the bathroom. Suddenly she felt a heavy object fall into her lap. When she picked it up she realized it was her arm and that she had had a stroke.

Her then husband, Gary rushed her to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and she spent a few hours in intensive care. She was then released and a nurse, Trudi Arcudi moved in with her. For the next few months she worked on her partially paralyzed right side and outline research, her speech. After her recovery she was pleased to in, be invited to appear with Bob Hope at the Oscars in late March 1989 to introduce a salute to young performers. Over the next few weeks she felt tired and sluggish, and mla format paper, one morning she woke up with terrible chest pains. She was driven to the hospital by Gary. There doctors performed a six-and-a-half-hour emergency open-heart surgery to replace a torn section of her aorta and a weakened valve. In! As people heard about the outline research paper news they phoned the essays in hospital of her condition. She received flowers and cards by the ton.

As she was making a remarkable recovery she was thrilled to hear about mla format research paper, all the cards and calls she had received. On April 26, 1989, just before she was due to go home, she awoke with a pain in her back. Only Trudi Arcudi was with her as her patched aorta burst and her life came to an end. Now you know the fascinating life Lucille Ball led being one of the most famous women in television history. Although her childhood may be shocking to you. It was far from what you think a wonderful lady like her would have been raised. But even the misfortunate live to be extraordinary people. Where Children Sleep Photo! The most important thing to Lucille Ball was that she wanted everyone to outline research paper, love her because she didn?t receive that kind of masters thesis, love as a child.

Lucy did die knowing that everyone loved her after all. On April 26, 1989, the world lost an extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. Mla Format Research! There are so many things to learn about this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and essays in, her unfortunate death. Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the outline paper 20th century. Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, New York on August 6, 1911. She spent her first few years in Anaconda, Montana and and contrast essays in, Wyandotte, Michigan. When Lucy was three and a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. On February 28, 1915, Had died of outline, his illness.

This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Medicine Paper! Kathleen Brady in her book The Life of Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. . . hanging out the window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. . . the doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in the window, a picture that fell off the wall (Brady, 7). That bird became a haunting reminder and decades later stagehands on the I Love Lucy show learned never to put birds on the set; for she would panic in anger. A month before her fourth birthday on July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born.

A few years later Desiree married again. This time to Ed Peterson on September 17, 1918. Ed did not like children and outline paper, wouldn’t allow Lucy or Fred to call him ?daddy?. When Lucy was in first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Fred with her own. While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the way she looked, spoke, and walked. With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and a high shrill voice she was easy to mock. Grandma Peterson would dress her in dresses long enough so she would grow into them and shoes so hard that they squeaked. Grandma would also part her hair right down the middle and pull it back so tightly that she had the look of perpetual shock. Hypothesis And Research Paper! Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for one in the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at her face. Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for research her self-importance.

Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in school, a shame so searing that in her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for her employees to use. When she was confronted by and contrast essays in an executive that asked her where the pencils were going she took him to a back closet and mla format paper, showed him the packages of unwrapped pencils. She only surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the pencils in hypothesis paper, the company and that she was only stealing from herself. Outline Mla Format Research Paper! The most important influence on Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park. She would go there with her family and ride on roller coasters or visit the Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. She was afraid of in, gypsies who set up their camp under the maple trees at the edge of the park every summer. Outline! It was said in anthropology on culture, Celeron that the gypsies would kidnap local children and take them off to their campgrounds. Then their parents would have to pay the gypsies a silver dollar to make them return the kids they had snatched.

One day Lucy came home and told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to outline, let her go. This caused paranoia in the family. Medicine Paper! In 1920, she was sent off to study singing, piano, and mla format, dancing at the Chautauqua Institute of hypothesis and research paper, Music. After Lucy came back from school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of cancer of the outline mla format paper uterus on essay on culture July 1, 1922. Even though Ed had been cruel and research paper, wouldn’t have anything to do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to the Shriners, he arranged for her to essays in, act, dance, and mla format paper, sing at their conventions. In 1923, Ed and Desiree took her to see the celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in the area. After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. . . Hypothesis And Research Paper! just this voice, and this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. . Paper! . his intonations. And Contrast In! . . which I never, never forgot! He changed my life. I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to be able to make people laugh and cry, to be able to play on their emotions. Outline Paper! . . (Higham, 23). Because Lucy was inspired by Tannen she auditioned for and obtained a part in a local musical given by the Masonic Club.

While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the stage that she dislocated her shoulder. Paper! For the rest of outline research paper, her life she had trouble with that shoulder. When she was twelve and a half she took a bus to New York and about, got a job as a chorus girl in the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones. She was soon fired and sent home when her true age was discovered. At the age of mla format research paper, 14, Lucy was tall and excessively thin and and contrast essays, leggy for her age. She was overly energetic and her friends remember her diving into every activity she could think of from ice-skating to horseback riding. Outline Mla Format Research! In 1925, she entered Celeron High School.

There she began organizing a dramatic club and a school band. And Contrast Essays In! She directed and starred in plays and musicals. On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and the eve of the 4th of July. Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for some of the neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and outline mla format research paper, foolishly gave it to the kids. It had bullets in it to practice with in the backyard. Fred fired some shots at a tin can. Lucy then followed and finally Joanna picked up the gun. About! At that exact moment, the eight-year-old son of the next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from his yard into the line of fire.

Joanna was firing and the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and lodged in his left lung. He fell to the ground screaming and bleeding. Research Paper! His lower limbs, back, and arms were paralyzed. Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and Joanna rushed forward to do what they could. Then Erickson?s parents came out essay on culture hysterical with rage and charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to mla format research paper, fire at their son. Policed were called and a harrowing ordeal followed.

Warner was hurried to the hospital unable to move. The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at masters thesis his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and willfully giving orders to kill. Einer was insisting on $5,000 so it would fully cover the research paper hospital, legal, and doctor fees. Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in prison until the trial took place. The trial was a tribulation for everyone in concern, since all the children had to give evidence.

Even thought the shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only a few hundred dollars and his only asset was the house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded. The house was sold at an auction to the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. This left Lucy and her family homeless until they were able to find an apartment. Hypothesis Paper! After this inci.

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Mla research paper outline format

MLA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used in outline research, writing custom essays, research and term papers in many fields. Anthropology! MLA essay format is most widely used in the field of humanities and liberal arts. The Modern Language Association recommendations to formatting essays were updated in 2009. Outline Mla Format! Among the new rules of formatting, the essays, Works Cited or References list is the mla format research, requirement of my friends indicating the medium of mla format research publication for every cited source.

It could be a Print source for medicine research paper, books and outline articles or a Web source for on-line sources. MLA referencing can be a bit confusing because it can be used with either Chicago/Turabian style footnotes or APA / Harvard style in-text referencing. Since it can be used with either one, the writer must choose which reference style to use. Medicine Paper! In MLA formats, using in-text referencing is the more popular choice. Outline Research Paper! By doing this, in-text references will be provided, as will the source list at the end of the essay. However, if you use footnotes instead of anthropology on culture in-text citations, you may be allowed to do without Bibliography page. You may follow MLA template to easily adjust your paper to format requirements. Following this MLA template you may easily accustom your paper to MLA format requirements . You can use the mla format research, MLA template for making your work look like a professional one. The text in MLA style essay format is masters proposal typed with a double space. This rule concerns the basic text of outline mla format research your essay, along with the formatting of and research paper in-text citations and the Works Cited page.

12-font size is mla format preferable. Times New Roman or any other standard typeface is hypothesis used in the MLA format essay . One-inch margins are used on all sides of your essay, research or term paper. Remember that the mla format research paper, headings in the MLA essay format are no longer underlined. According to the recommendations of the Modern Language Association, the headings have to be italicized or typed in bold. The first line of each paragraph has to be indented a half inch from the left side. You should put page numbers at the top, and thesis proposal justify it to the right.

It is not a mandatory requirement, but it is outline research paper recommended that you type your last name before the page number, if the paper is several pages.Using this MLA template for Word simply change the editable fields and follow the guidelines within the text. Here you may find an example of proper MLA essay formatting. While citing a book, periodical, electronic source, etc. in and research paper, an essay written in outline, MLA style , you should provide a reference after each citation. Otherwise, it would be seen as plagiarism, which is absolutely unacceptable. The same concerns indirect in-text references. Be very attentive while formatting your essay. Remember that your research may fail if MLA citations are formatted in an improper way. The following rules must be observed while writing an essay in MLA style.

Short citations If a citation used in the text of a MLA style essay is short, it should be indicated in double quotation marks. At the end of the citation, you have to sleep photo essay, state the author’s name and outline paper the page number where the MLA citations are from in the text. This information should be enclosed in round brackets (parenthesis) . Example : If you want to quote from chinese medicine paper, a book Greenmantle of John Buchan from 1916. It will look like this: “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (Buchan 154). Note : there is outline mla format paper no comma or full stop between the authors’ last name and page number. In cases when the author of a book has been already mentioned in the sentence , just indicate the page number in reference. Example: As Buchan wrote “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (154). Long citations. When a citation takes more than three lines of a typed text, it is in called a long citation and has to outline mla format paper, be placed separately from a new line.

Quotation marks are not used in sample masters, this case. However, the author’s name and the page number should still be indicated in round brackets. Example: One of the outline paper, characters in Kipling’s novel Kim describes the Mutiny in the following way: A madness ate into all the Army, and they turned against their officers. That was the first evil, but not past remedy if they had then held their hands. But they chose to kill the Sahibs’ wives and essay children. Then came the Sahibs from over the sea and called them to most strict account (Kipling 77). Reducing of citation If the original citation in a MLA essay is reduced or you simply omit some words in the cited sentence, you should place three periods in place of those words.

The omitting of words in outline mla format research, MLA citations is hypothesis paper used in cases when you are directly interested in only part of the statement of the author in the original source, which is located in research paper, the middle of the quoted sentence. In this situation, you can preserve the key information and medicine research paper omit the details that you do not need. Example: Lawrence was compared to “a caliph . . Outline Mla Format Research! . who had stepped out sample masters, from the pages of ‘The Arabian nights’” (Thomas 16) Adding information . In the MLA essay , it is allowable to add your own commentaries or notes within MLA citations, but they should be enclosed in square brackets. Example: When discussing civil rights, it is hard to not mention Martin Luther King Jr., who was a man who was passionate about the words of the Emancipation Proclamation: “…a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice” (King 813). More than one source of reference If you cite more than one book in a sentence of a MLA essay , then at mla format the end of the sentence indicate in brackets all references, dividing them with a semicolon. Example : David Lloyd George characterized Lord Kitchener as a a controversial figure who was admired as “a legend of the British empire, to whom the Orient added its greatness”, but at the same time as a man whose “brain has dried out about, under the hot sun of the desert” (15; 47).

Books with no author mentioned When you cite this type of work, indicate the title in outline mla format research paper, italics and the page number in the parenthesis. Example: As stated by the presidential commission … (Report 4) In-text citations in a MLA essay usually provide brief information about the reference and chinese medicine research they have to correspond to the information indicated in the Works Cited list at the end of mla format research essay. To get detailed information about the formatting of Works Cited list in a MLA style read the paragraph devoted to MLA Works Cited List Format at my friends essay P rof E ssays.com. The formatting of your research or term paper may become rather difficult. In the MLA format essay, both the footnotes and in-text citations may be used. If you are not sure which you should choose, you may ask for professional help from P rof E ssays.com. Our writers are ready to assist you in writing and formatting your MLA essay, 24 hours a day/7 days a week. P rof E ssays.com is outline mla format research paper just one click away when you want to order a custom essay, research or term paper that will comply with all your requirements. The process of gathering and where photo essay formatting the information for your custom essay, research or term paper is quite exhausting.

Improper formatting of citations may spoil the results of your hard work. Order you paper at P rof E ssays.com and mla format paper be sure to get a custom essay, research or term paper that will correspond to chinese medicine paper, the latest recommendations of formatting a MLA Style Essay P rof E ssays.com is outline mla format research a custom essay writing service provider that will guide you in sample thesis, writing your MLA format essay . Be sure that our custom essay will correspond to all requirements of mla format research formatting both in-text citations with the Works Cited List and footnotes. P rof E ssays.com is the chinese paper, best place to buy MLA format essays of the highest quality. The title page in the MLA essay format is not compulsory, so when there is no special requirement of writing it, never do it. However, there are specific requirements to the first page in MLA essay. Learn how to format your MLA Title Page properly with us. Type your name, the name of your instructor, the mla format research, title of the anthropology essay on culture, course and the date in the upper left-hand corner of the first page. The title of your essay should be indicated within a double spaced interval in the middle of the mla format research paper, title page.

Remember that the chinese research, title of mla format your MLA essay is never underlined, italicized or enclosed in quotation marks. The text of your MLA essay comes next to the title with a double space. If your instructor asked you to write an MLA title page , then you should comply with all the rules of formatting the cover page in a MLA style. MLA Format Outline (Click on Image to Enlarge) There might be a working outline , that is usually done and children photo essay even submitted before writing an essay and a final outline that is submitted together with the essay. Needless to say that both can be done in mla format paper, MLA format . MLA outline should be done on a separate page. The title of the essay should be typed at the top of the page and centered. Introduction and conclusion are numbered in the MLA format outline . Use different types of numbers/letters for different levels of MLA outline . If you want to reflect your sub-points in essay, MLA outline , remember that the section of outline can’t have only one sub-section. So, logic requires that at each level of the outline if you have sub-section “A” in outline paper, your paper, you need to have a “B”; or if you have point “1”, you need point “2”, etc.

MLA Works Cited List Format (Click on Image to Enlarge) The detailed information about the author, the title, the chinese medicine paper, year of paper publication, the publishing house and the overall number of pages in a book, periodical, etc. is on culture provided at research paper the end of and contrast in your research in the part called Works Cited, References or Bibliography. The MLA format sets specific rules of formatting the Woks Cited list. Every essay or manuscript written in MLA style has to mla format, implement these rules. All books, periodicals, electronic sources, etc. in thesis proposal, cited within the MLA essay format must be arranged in alphabetical order by the last name of the author. Outline Mla Format Paper! In cases when there is no author, the photo essay, references must be listed alphabetically by their titles. Research Paper! When you are citing several books by the same author , arrange them in and contrast in, the Works cited list alphabetically by their title. When you do the references of this kind, you should put the mla format, author’s last name in front of his first name which shouldn’t be shortened. The title of the sample masters, book is listed after the author’s name, and then the place of publication, the publishing house and the year of publication.

Do not forget to italicize the title of a book. Example: Buchan, John. Greenmantle. London: Abacus, 1916. Print. Note: According to the update in 2009 for the rules of formatting MLA style essays, the medium of publication has to be represented too (for example, print or web sources). Referencing a publications of several authors. When you deal with a book that has more than one author, the name of the first author in the MLA essay format must be inverted and the names of the second and the third ones have to be placed in the direct order. So be attentive to research, how you place the first name and then only the last name of the second author. In cases when there are more than three authors of the book, you can choose to list all names in about, the Works Cited list of your MLA essay or just indicate the outline mla format research paper, inverted name of the first author and add et al . Example: Lowi, Theodore, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Steve Jackson.

Analyzing American Government: American Government, Freedom and Power. 3rd ed. New York: Norton, 1994. Print. Some books are published by organizations, commissions, associations, committees and other corporate authors. When there is no single author distinguished on the cover page of a book, put the name of the about my friends, corporate organization in the first place.

Example : Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art. A Guide to research paper, the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY: Cornell U, 1973. Anthropology! Print. Referencing newspaper/journal articles. The formatting of newspaper articles in a MLA essay differs a lot from the formatting of outline mla format research paper cited books.

The general scheme of citing a newspaper article is the following: at first you should indicate the author’s inverted name, then the title of article enclosed in double quotation marks, then the title of newspaper, magazine, journal or any other periodical, then the day, month and year of publication, followed by and contrast in, the number of pages. Additionally, the medium of the publication has to be indicated in the Works Cited list in outline research paper, regards to the MLA style. Example : Smith, Lewis. “Leading scientist urges teaching of creationism in schools”. The Times. London, 2008, Sept 12. 6. Print. Note: Do not forget that while you are listing a book cited in your MLA essay, you have to italicize the about, title of a book, and in research, the case of a periodical, italicize the title of the periodical and children sleep essay not the title of the article. The month of publication has to be abbreviated (For example, Jan., Dec., etc.).

Only May, June and July are never abbreviated. Mla Format Paper! The qualified writers of medicine research paper P rof E ssays.com will help you to format your MLA essay according to the adopted rules. The general rules of formatting on-line sources in MLA style written essays coincides with that established to formatting books and periodicals. The former requirement of representing the URL address of cited on-line source is simplified in the last edition of the MLA format rules. However, if your instructor still wants to see the URL in your MLA format reference list, you may include this information. The URL has to research, be indicated as additional information after the author’s name, article title, publisher’s name and year of edition. Some on-line sources may not provide all the above-mentioned information.

In such cases, list the available information. When indicating the medium of publishing, put Web for on-line sources. Example : “MLA Format: Help with Writing Your Essay.” ProffEssays.com.. 2011, January. http://www.professays.com/info/mla-essay-format/ . Web. Note: Be sure the essays, on-line source provides reliable information that will not mislead you. Paper! The preference in the choice of on-line sources is given to the official web sites of organizations, associations, libraries, museums, art galleries, etc. URL is indicated in angle brackets. P rof E ssays.com can easily assist you in writing and sample masters thesis formatting MLA essays . Our professional writers always use reliable sources of information and format MLA essay in accordance with the standard rules.

Though the preferable format of a MLA essay includes the in-text citation, the Footnotes and Endnotes may still be used in the custom essay, research or term paper that is written in mla format research paper, the MLA style. Essays! Footnotes and Endnotes are marked out in the text by Arabic numbers in superscript. The footnotes are indicated at the foot of every page and the endnotes are indicated at the end of your paper on a separate page. Custom essay writing service providers, such as P rof E ssays.com , will help you to mla format, format the MLA footnotes and endnotes and to write an excellent custom essay, research or term paper. Please do not confuse headings with a header ! A header with author’s name is typed next to the page number at the top of each page. While heading refer to the title of your paper and the the titles of its sections. MLA does not have strict regulations regarding the use of headings, just some general norms: The headings of the MLA essay are usually typed in essays in, same font and size as the rest of the paper, however you are free to italicize them or type in bold.

The title of the MLA paper should be centered. Each word in the title should start with a capital letter. All headings of the outline research paper, sections in MLA essay should be numbered, including Introduction and Conclusion .

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essay contest war In the summer of 2017, we partnered with one of Washington’s top foreign-policy outlets to bring college students’ voices into outline research, our nation’s foreign policy conversation and to medicine research paper, take a small step toward restoring a healthy, balanced civic debate on the proper scale of research paper our nation’s ambitions and actions abroad. We received a deluge of excellent submissions from young voices all across the country, all answering this question: “What benefits could a more restrained, careful foreign policy strategy offer to the United States?” First prize went to Andrew Beddow , who is also president of essay on culture our University of Michigan chapter. In his essay, Beddow calls for America to set a clear grand strategy that recognizes the paper, world’s complexity and and contrast in, thus does not treat international problems as separate and readily fixable. Outline Research? Thus, “Intervention is occasionally justified, and the United States both improves the condition of mankind and benefits itself through its continued participation in international humanitarian efforts and chinese paper, multilateral cooperation. However, intervention must be guided by mla format research, a grand strategy, one that explicitly enumerates the core interests of the United States and about my friends, limits activity abroad to the securing of outline mla format research paper these interests. American policymakers must consider whether or not foreign adventures, e.g. taking a moral stand against my friends essay, Russian annexation of Crimea, are sufficiently important all-things-considered to outweigh the plausible negative consequences that will result from this action. In light of the dynamic nature of the international order, we must also recognize the inherent unpredictability of intervention. Research Paper? Prudence, not beneficence, should be the where essay, guiding virtue of foreign policy.”

One of our runners up was Enea Gjoza of the Harvard Kennedy School. Gjoza’s essay examines our current strategy of global primacy – of “seeking to shape the world through frequent military intervention and by maintaining and exercising overwhelming dominance over potential competitors.” He argues that this strategy has come at a high price in blood and treasure, and yet has failed to make America safer. Research Paper? And this strategy is a departure from America’s traditional posture of thesis restraint. Under that approach, Gjoza writes, “As the outline mla format, other great powers of the thesis proposal, day exhausted themselves in conflict against each other throughout the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, the United States developed its economy and society in relative peace, intervening substantially only to tip the balance in the World Wars. This allowed the outline mla format research, United States to emerge as an masters thesis proposal, unmatched superpower after the wreckage of the Second World War, with an unscathed homeland and approximately half of the world’s GDP. Today, however, the United States is on outline research paper, the other end of the spectrum, taking upon itself the sample masters, burden of paper maintaining the global order while other nations enjoy the benefits of where children photo essay peace and commerce.” Our other runner up was Matthew Petti of Columbia University.

Petti challenges the conventional view in mla format paper Washington that America needs to double down on support for one of chinese research our most problematic allies, the mla format research, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia – to treat their enemies as our own and to accept their account of the problems in anthropology their region. Petti’s essay highlights the failures of such an approach, calling the research paper, current U.S.-Saudi relationship “a valuable case study of allied nations’ sometimes detrimental effect on essay, U.S. Research Paper? foreign policy.” Thus, he writes, “U.S. support has essentially shielded Saudi Arabia from the negative effects of its campaign, removing incentives the where, kingdom has to restrain its own actions. From the beginning of Saudi Arabia’s intervention in Yemen, the Obama administration supported the Saudi-led coalition with mid-air refueling and advanced munitions. This aid hasn’t quite made up for poor military leadership, but it has passed the mounting economic costs onto a foreign guarantor, allowing Saudi forces to maintain their technological edge despite a budget crisis in the kingdom. Consequently, American calls for outline mla format paper a political solution have fallen on about essay, deaf ears; as the Trump administration considers removing some restrictions on mla format paper, support to the Saudi-led coalition, Riyadh will only be encouraged to pursue the disastrous status quo.” He adds that the war has enabled Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, one of the most dangerous branches of the terrorist group, to take advantage of the chaos, meaning that “while attempting to please a U.S. ally, America is essentially undermining its own domestic security, giving a geographic base to the people responsible for where sleep essay the USS Cole bombing and the Charlie Hebdo shooting.” We received many other excellent submissions that highlight the growing number of talented young leaders across the political spectrum who are eager to bring prudence and restraint back into outline mla format research paper, our foreign policy. We at on culture the Society are here to outline mla format research, help them.

Below is the original prompt for the essay contest, along with rules for submission. It’s clear that the foreign policy conversation here inside the Beltway is sleep photo essay, too narrow. No matter what the question is, the answer always seems to be that the United States needs to do more – even after fifteen years of war, even with massive national-security expenditures, and even with our already-huge network of alliance commitments and overseas bases. We need your voice to help change the outline research paper, conversation. That’s why we’re partnering with The National Interest – one of Washington’s most important foreign policy magazines – to launch a new essay contest for college students. The winners will run in TNI, meaning they’ll be read by many of anthropology those who make the decisions and shape the discussions that set our country’s course in outline mla format research paper the world. And by sleep, appearing in such a respected forum, you’ll help make a name for yourself as a thoughtful, professional voice in outline research international affairs. It’s a tremendous opportunity to restore balance to the discourse in DC – and to build your own personal brand.

Moreover, winners will receive a hefty cash prize, and the first twenty submissions will receive a free subscription to TNI. Undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral students who will be attending institutions in anthropology the United States in the Fall 2017 semester are welcome to participate. The winning essays will run on TNI’s website and be promoted on social media by both TNI and JQA. Prizes are as follows: • First prize: $1000, essay featured on TNI, two year subscription to TNI. • Runner up (two): $250, essay featured on TNI, one year subscription to TNI. Additionally, the first twenty submissions will receive a free one-year subscription to the National Interest . Submissions shall answer the outline paper, following question: What benefits could a more restrained, careful foreign policy strategy offer to the United States?

Submissions shall be between 1000 and and contrast in, 1500 words, and outline mla format paper, are due by 11:59pm Eastern Time on Sunday, June 18, 2017, by following the instructions at this link. Medicine Research? Sources should be hyperlinked, rather than footnoted, when possible. Complete rules follow: Student Foreign Policy Essay CONTEST RULES. 1. Outline Mla Format Research? SPONSOR: The sponsor of the Student Foreign Policy Essay Contest (the “Contest”) is the John Quincy Adams Society. (the “Sponsor”). 2. ELIGIBILITY: Contest entrants must be legal residents of the fifty (50) United States and the District of chinese medicine Columbia aged 18 years or older, except where prohibited. Employees, officers, and directors of the Sponsor, and its subsidiaries, affiliates, and divisions (“Related Entities”) and their immediate families (parents, children, siblings and outline, their spouses) and household members (whether or not related) of each are not eligible to enter. Children Essay? Anyone serving as a contest judge is ineligible for the Contest. The Contest is void outside the fifty (50) United States, the District of Columbia and where prohibited and restricted by any federal, state, or local law, rule, or regulation (“Law”). The Contest is subject to all Law. 3. HOW TO ENTER: The Contest begins on April 26, 2017 at 12:00PM ET and ends at outline mla format 11:59PM ET, Sunday, June 18, 2017 (the “Contest Period”).

To be eligible for the Contest, you must: • Before the end of the Contest Period, go to the Contest entry page at this link, and submit an essay between 1000 and 1500 words in length on the topic of “the benefits of a more restrained, careful foreign policy for the United States.” To be eligible to submit a Contest entry, you must be enrolled as of the fall of 2017 in an accredited postsecondary institution or program listed in chinese the U.S. Mla Format Research Paper? Department of Education’s most recent database (http://ope.ed.gov/accreditation/GetDownLoadFile.aspx). No person may submit more than one Contest entry. Attempting to submit multiple Contest entries will result in your disqualification from the Contest.

Your participation in the Contest is optional and at your sole and absolute discretion. 4. PROHIBITED CONTENT: By entering the Contest you agree not to create or submit a Contest entry that: • Infringes on any patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright, or other proprietary or property rights of any party; • May be deemed, within the children essay, meaning of Law, to be electioneering communications, intervention in a political or electoral campaign, or lobbying; • Is unlawful, threatening, harassing, abusive, obscene, vulgar, harmful, tortious, defamatory, libelous, false, invasive of another’s privacy, hateful racially, ethnically, or otherwise, or in any other way objectionable; • You do not have the legal or contractual right to make available pursuant to any Law, or under any contractual or fiduciary relationship (such as inside information, proprietary information, and confidential information, learned or disclosed as part of mla format research employment relationships or under nondisclosure agreements); • Harms minors in any way; or. • Violates any Law, intentionally or unintentionally. The Sponsor reserves the right to disqualify any and all Contest entries that violate the above conditions, or for any other reason at any time without prior notice. 5. JUDGING AND SELECTION OF PRIZE WINNERS: All contest entries will be judged based on hypothesis and research paper, the following criteria: • Originality in thought (40%) • Demonstrated understanding of foreign policy (40%) • Composition and style (20%) 6. PRIZES : On or about outline mla format research paper June 23, 2017, three prize winners will be announced (the “Prize Winners”). The Prize Winners shall receive the following (the “Prize(s)”): • First Prize – $1000.00, two years’ subscription to The National Interest.

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essays model Model Reviews: Best Practice or Process Smell? A model review, also called a model walkthrough or a model inspection, is a validation technique in which your modeling efforts are examined critically by a group of mla format research your peers. The basic idea is that a group of in qualified people, often both technical staff and project stakeholders, get together in a room to evaluate a model or document. The purpose of this evaluation is to research paper determine if the models not only sleep fulfill the demands of the user community, but also are of sufficient quality to be easy to develop, maintain, and mla format, enhance. When model reviews are performed properly, they can have a big payoff because they often identify defects early in the project, reducing the cost of fixing them. In fact, in the book Practical Software Metrics for Project Management and Process Improvement Robert Grady reports that project teams taking a serial (non-agile) approach that 50 to 75 percent of all design errors can be found through technical reviews. This article discusses: There are different flavors of model review.

A requirements review is a type of model review in which a group of users and/or recognized experts review your requirements artifacts. The purpose of a user requirement review is to hypothesis ensure your requirements accurately reflect the outline mla format research paper needs and and research, priorities of outline mla format paper your user community and to ensure your understanding is sufficient from which to develop software. Similarly an architecture review focuses on reviewing architectural models and a design review focuses on reviewing design models. As you would expect the hypothesis and research reviewers are often technical staff. Regardless of the type of model review, the mla format research paper basic steps are the same. The steps of a formal review (informal reviews will be discussed later) are: The team prepares for review . About Essay. The artifacts to be reviewed are gathered, organized appropriately, and packaged so they can be presented to the reviewers. The team indicates it is ready for outline mla format paper review . The project team must inform the review facilitator (often a member of your quality assurance department, if you have one) or another project manager when it is ready to have its work reviewed as well as what the team intends to have reviewed.

The review facilitator performs a cursory review . The first thing the about my friends essay review facilitator must do is determine if the project team has produced work that is ready to be reviewed. The manager will probably discuss the team's work with the team leader and do a quick rundown of what it has produced. Outline. The main goal is to ensure the work to be reviewed is good enough to warrant getting a review team together. The review facilitator plans and organizes the medicine research review . The review facilitator must schedule a review room, any equipment needed for the review, invite the proper people, and distribute any materials ahead of outline time that are needed for the review. Masters Thesis. This includes an agenda for the review, as well as the artifacts to outline be reviewed. About Essay. The review package may also contain supporting artifacts - artifacts the reviewers may need handy to understand the artifacts they are reviewing.

Supporting artifacts are not meant to be reviewed; they are only used as supplementary resources. The review often includes the standards and guidelines your team is following in the package, so the reviewers can understand the development environment of your team. The reviewers review the package prior to the review . This enables the reviewers to become familiar with the material and prepared for outline research the review. Reviewers should note any defects, issues, or questions before the essays in review takes place. During the review, they should be raising previously noted issues, not reading the outline mla format research material for the first time. The review takes place . Reviews can take anywhere from several hours to several days, depending on sample, the size of the material being reviewed. Mla Format Paper. The best reviews are less than two hours long, so as not to overwhelm the people involved.

The entire development team should attend, or at least the people responsible for what is medicine paper, being reviewed, to answer questions and to explain/clarify their work. There are typically between three to five reviewers, as well as the review facilitator, all of whom are responsible for the review. Outline Mla Format Research Paper. All material must be reviewed because it is too easy to look at something quickly and my friends essay, assume it is correct. Outline Research Paper. The job of the review facilitator is to ensure everything is essay, looked at research and everything is questioned. The review scribe should note each defect or issue raised by the reviewers. On Culture. Note most reviews focus on the high-priority items identified by outline mla format research paper, the reviewers. Low-priority defects are written down and handed to the authors during the review and are not even discussed during the review. The authors then address these less critical defects without taking up review time.

At the where children sleep end of the review, the paper artifacts are judged, the typical outcome being one of: passed, passed with exceptions, or failed. For reviews where several artifacts were looked at - perhaps you reviewed your use-case model and user interface prototype simultaneously - the and contrast essays in outcome may be broken down by artifact, so the model may pass, but the prototype fail. The review results are acted on . Research. A document is produced during the review describing both the strengths and weaknesses of the work being reviewed. And Contrast In. This document should provide a description of any weakness, why it is a weakness, and provide an indication of what needs to outline research paper be addressed to fix the weakness. This document is then given to the requirements team, so it can act on it, and to the review facilitator to be used in and research, follow-up reviews. Research. The work is inspected again in follow-up reviews to verify the weaknesses were addressed. As you can see, formal reviews can be a time consuming process. Informal reviews take a more streamlined approach, typically distributing the artifacts to several reviewers and anthropology, asking them for their comments. The comments are then gathered and acted on by the team, who then release a new version of the artifact.

Minimally reviews lengthen your project schedule while you wait on the reviewers. In the worst case they increase your cost of change if you decide to go at risk and not wait for outline paper the feedback - because when the defects are finally detected by your reviewers you've already done work based on those defects that will also need to be fixed. The fundamental reason why you should question the practice of holding reviews or inspections is that their feedback cycle is much longer than agile approaches for detecting potential defects. As a result, the average cost of fixing that defect is and contrast in, much higher, as you see in Figure 1. Outline Research. Furthermore, all a review says is that it is the opinion of the reviewers that the artifact being reviewed is correct, you don't actually know that it's correct. That's important to understand: reviews reflect opinion, not fact.

Figure 1. Comparing the chinese research paper effectiveness of defect detection strategies. Just as source code can have bad smells (Fowler 1999) that indicate a problem may exist that you need to address, the outline paper desire to hold a model review may similarly be considered a process smell indicating that you need to on culture rethink your process. Here are some potential problems that model reviews may be hiding: Serial development . Model reviews often make sense in traditional environments when you are handing-off a model from one group to another, often when the requirements model is provided to paper the design team or the design model is where children sleep photo essay, provided to the programming team. Hand-offs are a leading indicator that you're following an overly serial approach or that your team has too many specialists on it (instead, you want people to be generalizing specialists ). Poor communication/collaboration within the team . When people do not work with one another effectively, when they work on outline mla format research, their own or when they do not share their work with others, then there is potential for them to unknowingly inject defects into their work. Agile modelers follow the practices model with others and collective ownership , effectively holding mini reviews in progress as they work.

You're not producing working software . Children Sleep Photo Essay. Teams that are unable to produce working software quickly become desperate to show that they're getting something done, and when all you've accomplished is a bunch of paperwork then reviews of that paperwork start to sound like a good idea. You don't have the right people involved with the project . Model reviews make sense when people outside of your team exist that could provide valuable insights to your team. Outline Research Paper. Wouldn't it be better to have those people involved your modeling efforts in sample masters thesis, the first place? Bureaucrats need to justify their existence . Reviews are easy opportunities for people not directly involved with software development to justify their existence - they can spend days or weeks preparing for a review, they can attend the review, and they can then spent more time writing reports after the review. If these people actually have value to add then they should be part of the project team, if they don't then they should get out of the way of the people who are actually doing the work. It seems clear to outline research paper me that whenever model review seems like a good idea that you should step back and ask yourself if you really have a process problem that can be better resolved another way. You should also question whether the and contrast in model/document is even required, because it's fairly likely that the outline mla format research paper TAGRI (they ain't gonna read it) principle applies. There are several situations where it makes sense to hold reviews: Regulatory requirements . About My Friends Essay. When your project is subject to regulations, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)'s 21 CFR Part 11, you may by mla format, law be required to hold some reviews. My advice is to read the relevant regulations carefully, determine if you actually are subject to them, and in, if so how much additional work do you actually need to do to conform to the regulations.

If you let the mla format research paper bureaucrats interpret the regulations you will likely end up with an overly bureaucratic process. A work product wasn't created collaboratively . In. I'm eager to review artifacts where only one or two people have actively worked on them AND which can't be proven with code (e.g. user manuals, operations documents, …). These situations do occur, perhaps only one person on your team has technical writing skills so they've taken over the majority of your documentation efforts. Or, perhaps your team is distributed/dispersed and you simply can't overcome this environmental challenge. Yes, they should still work with others to mla format research paper accomplish this but there often isn't as many eyes on these artifacts and therefore you're at risk. In. Furthermore, the cost of outline producing and deploying documentation may be much higher than that of software so the motivation is higher to get it right the first time. To prove to stakeholders that things are going well . I don't mind holding requirements reviews early in the development of a major release of a system to help the sample overall audience for outline mla format my system to gain confidence in the development team. Although we may have several project stakeholders working directly with the essay team we could have hundreds or even thousands that don't know what's going on. A review can be a good way to show everyone that we're doing great work, and that it in fact is possible to produce working software on a regular basis (assuming that you're also reviewing your work to date as well as your requirements artifacts). Initial reviews such as this can also go a long ways to showing the traditionalists that reviews aren't as effective as they think when there isn't much in the way of outline paper solid feedback produced. Proposal. Furthermore, initial reviews such as this provide your team with an opportunity to mla format assess whether your project stakeholders who are actively participating with your team truly do represent the overall community - if not, you need to change your team.

To ensure your overall architectural strategy is viable . At the beginning of a project an architecture review, at least an informal one, can be invaluable. When your system potentially needs to interface to other systems you want to make sure that what you're proposing is possible. Of course, it would be more effective to simply work with the proposal owners of that system to begin with as you're formulating your architecture. An interesting side effect of architectural reviews is political in outline research, nature - it sends out a loud and clear message to the rest of your IT organization that your team has a handle on the technical aspects of what it is that you're trying to accomplish. You honestly need outside guidance . Another viable situation is when your team is new to agile development and you want to make sure that you're doing it right. In this case you would want to involve reviewers who are experienced at agile development, you may need to bring in and contrast essays in, consultants if your organization is completely new to agility, to get their feedback. However, you'd still be better off involving these experts directly in your project to begin with. 5. Holding Effective Reviews (If You Can't Avoid Them) If you are going to mla format research hold a review, the following pointers should help you to make it effective: Hold a review as a last resort . The reality is that model reviews aren't very effective for agile software development. Teams that are co-located with an on-site customer have much less need of a review than teams that are not co-located.

Get the hypothesis right people in the review . You want people, and only those people, who know what they're looking at and can provide valuable feedback. Better yet, include them in your development efforts and avoid the review in the first place. Review working software, not models . Outline Mla Format Research Paper. My belief is that model and documentation reviews are popular with project stakeholders because the about my friends traditional, near-serial development approach currently favored within many organizations provides little else for them to outline mla format look at during most of a project. However, because the iterative and incremental approach of agile development techniques tightens the development cycle you will find that user acceptance testing can replace many model review efforts. Sample Thesis Proposal. My experience is that given the choice of validating a model or validating working software that most people will choose to work with the software. Stay focused . This is related to maximizing value, you want to keep reviews short and sweet. The purpose of the outline mla format review should be clear to everyone, for anthropology on culture example if it's a requirements review don't start discussing database design issues. At the same time recognize that it is okay for an informal or impromptu model review to research devolve into and contrast essays a modeling/working session as long as that effort remains focused on the issue at hand. Understand that quality comes from mla format research paper, more than just reviews . Reviews are one of many ways to anthropology on culture achieve quality, but when used alone, they result in little or no quality improvement over the long run.

In application development, quality comes from developers who understand how to mla format paper build software properly, developers who have learned from experience, and/or have gained these skills from children sleep photo essay, training and education. Reviews help you to outline research identify quality deficits, but they will not help you build quality into your application from the outset. Reviews should be only a small portion of essay your overall testing and quality strategy Set expectations ahead of time . The expectations of the research reviewers must be realistic if the where sleep photo essay review is to mla format research paper run smoothly. Issues that reviewers should be aware of essay are The more detail a document has, the easier it is to mla format research paper find fault. With an evolutionary approach your models aren't complete until the software is ready to ship. Agile developers are likely to be traveling light and therefore their documentation may not be complete either. The more clearly defined a position on an issue, the easier it is to find fault.

Finding many faults may often imply a good, not a bad, job has been performed. The goal is to find gaps in medicine research, the work, so they can be addressed appropriately. Understand you cannot review everything . If you do not have time to inspect everything, and you rarely do, then you should prioritize your artifacts on a risk basis and review the ones that present the outline research highest risk to your project if they contain serious defects. The implication is where children sleep photo essay, you need to distinguish between the mla format research critical portions of your requirements model that must be formally reviewed and the portions that can be informally reviewed, most likely by about essay, use-case scenario testing or an informal walkthrough. Focus on communication . Reviews are vehicles for knowledge transfer, that they are opportunities for people to share and discuss ideas. Research Paper. However, working closely with your coworkers and project stakeholders is even more effective for and contrast in this.

This philosophy motivates agile developers to avoid formal reviews, due to their restrictions on how people are allowed to interact, in favor of mla format paper other model validation techniques. Hypothesis Paper. Put observers to work . Research Paper. People will often ask to observe a review either to become trained on the review process or to get updated on chinese, the project. These are both good reasons, but do they require the person to simply sit there and do nothing? I don't think so. If these people understand what is being reviewed and mla format, have something of value to masters thesis add, then let them participate.

Observers don't need to outline mla format research be dead weight. We actively work with clients around the world to improve their information technology (IT) practices, typically in the role of and contrast essays in mentor/coach, team lead, or trainer. Outline Research Paper. A full description of what we do, and how to contact us, can be found at Scott Ambler + Associates.