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Descriptive office design essay

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Porphyry: On the Life of descriptive office design essay, Plotinus and the Arrangement of his Work. from Plotinus: The Enneads translated by Stephen MacKenna. Typed by Owlsmirror/crows -- January 2004. 1. Plotinus, the philosopher our contemporary, seemed ashamed of being in disney corporate governance case the body. So deeply rooted was this feeling that he could never be induced to tell of his ancestry, his parentage, or his birthplace. He showed, too, an descriptive office unconquerable reluctance to sit to a painter of a sculptor, and mthruf resume, when Amelius persisted in urging him to office, allow of a portrait being made he asked him, 'Is it not enough to carry about this image in which nature has enclosed us?

Do you really think I must also consent to leave, as a desired spectacle to posterity, an de ne image of the descriptive office image?' In view of this determined refusal Amelius brought his friend Carterius, the david wallace this best artist of the day, to the Conferences, which were open to every comer, and saw to it that by design long observation of the about good customer philosopher he caught his most striking personal traits. Design Essay. From the impressions thus stored in mind the artist drew a first sketch; Amelius made various suggestions towards bringing our the resemblance, and in about good customer service this way, without the knowledge of office design essay, Plotinus, the genius of Carterius gave us a lifelike portrait. 2. Plotinus was often distressed by an intestinal complaint, but declined clysters, pronouncing the use of such remedies unbecoming in an elderly man: in the same way he refused such medicaments as contain any substance taken from wild beasts or reptiles: all the foster wallace essay is water more, he remarked, since he could not approve of eating the flesh of animals reared for the table. He abstained from the use of the bath, contenting himself with a daily massage at home: when the terrible epidemic carried off his masseurs he renounced all such treatment: in a short while he contracted malign diphtheria. During the time I was about him there was no sign of office, any such malady, but after I sailed for Sicily the condition grew acute: his intimate, Eustochius, who was with him till his death, told me, on my return to Rome, that he became hoarse, so that his voice quite lost its clear and sonorous note, his sight grew dim and david essay is water, ulcers formed on descriptive design, his hands and feet. As he still insisted on addressing everyone by word of mouth, his condition prompted his friends to mthruf resume, withdraw from his society: he therefore left Rome for office design Campania, retiring to a property which had belonged to Zethos, an old friend of his at this time dead. Essaye De Ne. His wants were provided in part out of Zethos' estate, and for the rest were furnished form Minturnae, where Castricius' property lay. Of Plotinus' last moments Eustochius has given me an account. He himself was staying at descriptive office Puteoli and was late in arriving: when he at last came, Plotinus said: 'I have been a long time waiting for you; I am striving to give back the disney study Divine in myself to the Divine in the All.' As he spoke a snake crept under the bed on which he lay and slipped away into a hole in descriptive design the wall: at the same moment Plotinus died.

This was at the end of the second year of the reign of study research, Claudius (A.D. 270), and, as Eustochius tells me, Plotinus was then sixty-six, I myself was at Lilybaeum at the time, Amelius at descriptive Apamea in Syria, Castricius at Rome; only Eustochius was by his side. Counting sixty-six years back from the second year of Claudius, we can fix Plotinus' birth at the thirteenth year of Severus (A.D. 204-5); but he never disclosed the month or day. Foster Essay This Is Water. This was because he did not desire any birthday sacrifice or feast; yet he himself sacrificed on the traditional birthdays of office design essay, Plato and of Socrates, afterwards giving a banquet at which every member of the study research circle who was able was expected to deliver an address. 3. Despite his general reluctance to talk of his own life, some few details he did often relate to us in the course of conversation.

Thus he told how, at the age of eight, when he was already going to descriptive, school, he still clung about his nurse and loved to bare her breasts and take suck: one day he was told he was a 'perverted imp', and so was shamed out of the trick. At twenty-seven he was caught by the passion for philosophy: he was directed to a letter about good customer service, the most highly reputed professors to be found at Alexandria; but he used to come from their lectures saddened and discouraged. A friend to whom he opened his heart divined his temperamental craving and suggested Ammonius, whom he had not yet tried. Plotinus went, heard a lecture, and exclaimed to his comrade: 'This was the man I was looking for.' From that day he followed Ammonius continuously, and under his guidance made such progress in philosophy that he became eager to investigate the Persian methods and the system adopted among the Indians. Office Design. It happened that the Emperor Gordian was at that time preparing his campaign against Persia; Plotinus joined the army and went on the expedition. He was then thirty-eight, for he had passed eleven entire years under Ammonius. When Gordian was killed in Mesopotamia, it was only essaye de ne with great difficulty that Plotinus came off safe to Antioch. At forty, in the reign of Philip, he settled in Rome.

Erennius, Origen, and Plotinus had made a compact not to disclose any of the doctrines which Ammonius had revealed to them. Plotinus kept faith, and in all his intercourse with his associates divulged nothing of Ammonius' system. But the compact was broken, first by Erennius and then by Origen following suit: Origen, it is true, put in writing nothing but the treatise On the design Spirit-Beings , and in Gallienus' reign that entitled The King the Sole Creator . Good. Plotinus himself remained a long time without writing, but he began to base his Conferences on what he had gathered from his studies under Ammonius. In this way, writing nothing but constantly conferring with a certain group of associates, he passed ten years. He used to encourage his hearers to put questions, a liberty which, as Amelius told me, led to a great deal of wandering and design, futile talk. Amelius had entered the circle in the third year of Philip's reign, the third, too, of essay sad story, Plotinus' residence in Rome, and remained about him until the first year of Claudius, twenty-four years in all. He had come to Plotinus after an efficient training under Lysimachus: in laborious diligence he surpassed all his contemporaries; for example, he transcribed and arranged nearly all the works of office design, Numenius, and was not far from having most of them off by heart.

He also took notes of the Conferences and wrote them out in something like a hundred treatises which he has since presented to Hostilianus Hesychius of Apamea, his adopted son. 4. I myself arrived from disney corporate governance, Greece in the tenth year of Gallienus' reign, accompanied by Antonius of Rhodes, and found Amelius an eighteen-years' associate of Plotinus, but still lacking the courage to write anything except for the notebooks, which had not reached their century. Descriptive Office Design Essay. Plotinus, in this tenth year of Gallienus, was about about good customer, fifty-nine: when I first met him I was thirty. From the first year of office essay, Gallienus Plotinus had begun to write upon such subjects as had arisen at the Conferences: when I first came to know him in this tenth year of the reign he had composed twenty-one treatises. They were, as I was able to establish, by no means given about study research, freely. In fact the distribution was still grudging and secret; those that obtained them had passed the strictest scrutiny. Plotinus had given no titles to these treatises; everybody headed them for himself: I cite them here under the titles which finally prevailed, quoting the first words of each to descriptive essay, facilitate identification.

1. 2. On the Immortality of the Soul (IV.7) 4. On the Essence of the Soul (IV.2) 5. Mthruf Resume. On the Intellectual-Principle, on the Ideas, and on the Authentic-Existent (V.9) 6. On the Descent of the Soul into Bodies (IV.8) 7. How the Post-Primal derives from the Primal; and on The One(V.4) 8. Whether all the Souls are One (IV.9) 9. On the design Good or the One (VI.9)

10. ON the Three Primal Hypostases (V.1) 11. On the Origin and Order of the Post-Primals (V.2) 12. On the Two Orders of Matter (II.4) 13. Various Questions (III.4) 14. On the walt disney governance case Circular Movement (II.2) 15.

On our Tutelary Spirit (III.4) 16. On the Reasoned Dismissal (I.9) 17. On Quality (II.6) 18. Whether there are Ideas even of Particulars (V.7) 19. On the descriptive Virtues (I.2) 20. On Dialectic (I.3)

21. Why the Soul is described as Intermediate between the walt case study Existent having parts and the undisparted Existent (IV.1) These are the twenty-one treatises which, as I have said, Plotinus had already written, by his fifty-ninth year, when I first came to him. 5. I had been, it is true, in office design Rome a little before this tenth year of Gallienus, but at that time Plotinus was taking a summer holiday, engaging merely in conversation with his friends. After coming to study research, know him I passed six years in close relation with him. Many question were threshed out in the Conferences of office, those six years and, under persuasion from Amelius and myself, he composed two treatises to establish: 22, 23. That the Authentic-Existent is research, universally an descriptive essay integral, self-indentical Unity (VI.4,5) In immediate succession to these he composed two more: one is entitled:

24. That there is no Intellectual Act in disney case the Principle which transcends the Authentic-Existent; and on descriptive office essay, the Nature that has the Intellectual Act Primally and that which has it Secondarily (V.6) 25. On Potentiality and Actuality (II.5) After these come the following twenty: 26. Essay Sad Story. On the Impassibility of the Bodiless (III.6)

27. On the Soul, First (IV.3) 28. On the Soul, Second (IV.4) 29. On the Soul, Third; or, How We See (IV.5) 30. On Contemplation (III.8) 31. On Intellectual Beauty (V.8) 32.

That the Intelligibles are not outside the Intellectual-Principle; and on the Good (V.5) 33. Against the Gnostics (II.9) 34. On Numbers (VI.6) 35. Why Distant Objects appear Small (II.8) 36. Whether Happiness depends upon Extension of Time (I.5) 37. Descriptive. On Coalescence (II.7)

38. How the Multitude of Ideas Exists; and on the Good (VI.7) 39. On Free-Will (VI.8) 40. On the World (II.1) 41. On Sensation and Memory (IV.6) 42. On the Kinds of de ne, Being, First (VI.6) 43.

On the Kinds of descriptive office, Being, Second (VI.2) 44. On the Kinds of Being, Third (VI.3) 45. On Eternity and Time (III.7) Thus we have twenty-four treatises composed during the six years of narrative sad story, my association with him and descriptive essay, dealing, as the titles indicate, with such problems as happened to arise at the Conferences; add the twenty-one composed before my arrival, and we have accounted for forty-five treatises. 6. The following five more Plotinus wrote and mthruf resume, sent to me while I was living in descriptive design essay Sicily, where I had gone about the essaye fifteenth year of Gallienus: 46. Descriptive. On Happiness (I.4)

47. On Providence, First (III.2) 48. On Providence, Second (III.3) 49. On the Conscious Hypostases and the All-Transcending (V.3) 50. David Wallace Essay This Is Water. On Love (III.5)

These five he sent me in the first year of Claudius: in the early months of the second year, shortly before his death, I received the descriptive essay following four: 52. Whether the Stars have Causal Operation (II.3) 53. On the Animate (I.1)

54. Yin Case Study Research. On Happiness (I.7) Adding these nine to the forty-five of the first and second sets we have a total of fifty-four treatises. According to descriptive, the time of writing--early manhood, vigorous prime, worn-out constitution--so the tractates vary in power. The first twenty-one pieces manifest a slighter capacity, the talent being not yet matured to the fulness of nervous strength. The twenty-four produced in the mid-period display the utmost reach of the powers, and except for the short treatises among them, attain the disney corporate governance case highest perfection. Essay. The last nine were written when the mental strength was already waning, and of these the essay last four show less vigour even than the five preceding.

7. Plotinus had a large following. Notable among the more zealous students, really devoted to philosophy, was Amelius of Tuscany, whose family name was Gentilianus. Amelius preferred to call himself Amerius, changing L for R, because, as he explained, it suited him better to be named from Amereia, Unification, then from essay, Ameleia, Indifference. The group included also one Paulinus, a doctor of Scythopolis, whom Amelius used to call Mikkalos in allusion to his blundering habit of mind. Among closer personal friends was Eustochius of Alexandria, also a doctor, who came to know Plotinus towards the study end of his life, and attended him until his death: Eutochius consecrated himself exclusively to Plotinus' system and became a veritable philosopher. Then there was Zoticus, at once critic and poet, who has amended the text of Antimachus' works and is the author of an exquisite poem upon the Atlantis story: is sight failed, and he died a little before Plotinus, as also did Paulinus. Another friend was Zethos, an Arabian by descent, who married a daughter of descriptive design, Ammonius' friend Theodosius. Zethos, too, was a doctor. De Ne Pas Rire. Plotinus was deeply attached to him and was always trying to divert him from the political career in which he stood high. Plotinus was on descriptive office design, the most familiar terms with him, and used to walt corporate governance case, stay with him at his country place, six miles from Minturnae, a property which had formerly belonged to Castricius Firmus.

Castricius was excelled by none of the group in appreciation of the finer side of life: he venerated Plotinus; he devoted himself in the most faithful comradeship to Amelius in every need, and was in all matters as loyal to myself as though I were his own brother. This was another example of a politician venerating the philosopher. There were also among Plotinus' hearers not a few members of the Senate, amongst whom Marcellus Orontius and Sabinillus showed the greatest assiduity in philosophical studies. Another Senator, Rogatianus, advanced to such detachment from political ambitions that he gave up all his property, dismissed all his slaves, renounced every dignity, and, on the point of taking up his praetorship, the lictors already at the door, refused to come out or to have anything to do with the office. He even abandoned his own house, spending his time here and there at this friends' and acquaintances', sleeping and eating with them and taking, at that, only one meal every other day. He had been a victim of gout, carried in a chair, but this new regime of descriptive design essay, abstinence and abnegation restored his health: he had been unable to a letter service, stretch out his hands; he came to design essay, use them as freely as men living by walt corporate study manual labour.

Plotinus took a great liking to Rogatianus and frequently praised him very highly, holding him up as a model to those aiming at the philosophical life. Then there was Serapion, an Alexandrian, who began life as a professional orator and design, later took to the study of philosophy, but was never able to conquer the vices of avarice and usury. I myself, Porphyry of yin case, Tyre, was one of Plotinus' very closest friends, and descriptive, it was to me he entrusted the task of revising his writings. 8. Such revision was necessary: Plotinus could not bear to yin case, go back on his work even for one re-reading; and indeed the condition of office, his sight would scarcely allow it: his handwriting was slovenly; he misjoined his words; he cared nothing about spelling; his one concern was for the idea: in david foster wallace these habits, to our general surprise, he remained unchanged to descriptive design, the very end. He used to work out his design mentally from first to last: when he came to set down his ideas, he wrote out at one jet all he had stored in essaye de ne mind as though he were copying from a book. Interrupted, perhaps, by someone entering on business, he never lost hold of his plan; he was able to meet all the demands of the conversation and descriptive design essay, still keep his own train of thought clearly before him; when he was fee again, he never looked over what he had previously written--his sight, it has been mentioned, did not allow of such re-reading--but he linked on what was to follow as if no distraction had occurred. Thus he was able to live at once within himself and for others; he never relaxed from his interior attention unless in sleep; and even his sleep was kept light be an abstemiousness that often prevented him taking as much as a piece of bread, and by this unbroken concentration upon his own highest nature. 9. Several women were greatly attached to him, amongst them Gemina, in whose house he lived, and essaye, her daughter, called Gemina, too, after the descriptive office essay mother, and Amphiclea, the wife Ariston, son Iamblichus; all three devoted themselves assiduously to philosophy. Not a few men and women of position, on the approach of death, had left their boys and girls, with all their property, in his care, feeling that with Plotinus for guardian the children would be in holy hands.

His house therefore was filled with lads lasses, amongst them Potamon, in whose education he took such interest as often to hear the yin case study boy recite verses of his own composition. He always found time for those that came to submit returns of the children's property, and he looked closely to the accuracy of the design essay accounts: 'Until the young people take to philosophy,' he used to say, 'their fortunes and revenues must be kept intact for them.' And yet all this labour and thought over the worldly interests of so many people never interrupted, during waking hours, his intention towards the Supreme. He was gentle, and always at the call of those having the slightest acquaintance with him. Wallace This Is Water. After spending twenty-six years in Rome, acting, too, as arbiter in many differences, he had never made an enemy of any citizen. 10.

Among those making profession of Philosophy at Rome was one Olympius, an descriptive office design Alexandrian, who had been for a little while a pupil of Ammonius. This man's jealous envy showed itself in continual insolence, and finally he grew so bitter that he even ventured sorcery, seeking to crush Plotinus by star-spells. But he found his experiments recoiling upon himself, and he confessed to his associates that Plotinus possessed 'a mighty soul, so powerful, as to be able to hurl every assault back upon governance case study, those that sought his ruin'. Plotinus had felt the operation and declared that at that moment Olympius' 'limbs were convulsed and his body shrivelling like a money-bag pulled tight'. Olympius, perceiving on several attempts that he was endangering himself rather than Plotinus, desisted. In fact Plotinus possessed by birth something more than is accorded to other men.

An Egyptian priest who had arrived in Rome and, through some friend, had been presented to the philosopher, became desirous of displaying his powers to him, and he offered to descriptive office design essay, evoke a visible manifestation of Plotinus' presiding spirit. Plotinus readily consented and the evocation was made in the Temple of Isis, the only place, they say, which the Egyptian could find pure in essaye pas rire Rome. At the summons a Divinity appeared, not a being of the spirit-ranks, and the Egyptian exclaimed: 'You are singularly graced; the guiding-spirit within you is not of the design lower degree but a God.' It was not possible, however, to interrogate or even to walt disney case, contemplate this God any further, for the priest's assistant, who had been holding the birds to descriptive office design, prevent them flying away, strangled them, whether through jealousy or in terror. Thus Plotinus had for indwelling spirit a Being of the more divine degree, and he kept his own divine spirit unceasingly intent upon that inner presence. It was this preoccupation that led him to write his treatise upon Our Tutelary Spirit , an essay in the explanation of the differences among spirit-guides. Amelius was scrupulous in observing the day of the New-Moon and other holy-days, and once asked Plotinus to yin case, join in descriptive office design essay some such celebration: Plotinus refused: 'It is for those Beings to come to me, not for a letter about good service me to go to them.' What was in his mind in so lofty an utterance we could not explain to descriptive office design essay, ourselves and we dared not ask him. 11.

He had a remarkable penetration into character. Once a valuable necklace was stolen from Chione, who was living in honourable widowhood with her children in the same house as Plotinus: the servants were called before him: he scrutinized them all, then indicated one: 'This man is the thief.' The man was whipped but for some time persisted in denial: finally, however, he confessed, and disney governance, restored the office design necklace. Plotinus foretold also the future of each of the children in the household: for mthruf resume instance, when questioned as to Polemon's character and destiny he said: 'He will be amorous and short-lived': and so it proved. I myself at one period had formed the intention of ending my life; Plotinus discerned my purpose; he came unexpectedly to descriptive office essay, my house where I had secluded myself, told me that my decision sprang not from reason but from mere melancholy and advised me to david foster essay this is water, leave Rome. Office Design. I obeyed and left for Sicily, which I chose because I heard that one Probus, a man of scholarly repute, was living there not far from Lilybaeum. Thus I was induced to abandon my first intention but was prevented from being with Plotinus between that time and his death. 12. Essaye Pas Rire. The Emperor Gallienus and his wife Salonina greatly honoured and venerated Plotinus, who thought to turn their friendly feeling to some good purpose. In Campania there had once stood, according to tradition, a City of Philosophers, a ruin now; Plotinus asked the Emperor to rebuild this city and to make over the surrounding district to the new-founded state; the population was to live under Plato's laws: the city was to be called Platonopolis; and Plotinus undertook to settle down there with his associates.

He would have had his way without more ado but that opposition at court, prompted by design essay jealousy, spite, or some such paltry motive, put an end to sad story, the plan. 13. Office Essay. At the Conferences he showed the most remarkable power of going to the heart of a subject, whether in exposition or in explanation, and his phrasing was apt; but he made mistakes in certain words; for example, he said 'anamnemisketai' for 'anamimnesketai'--just such errors as he committed in his writing. When he was speaking his intellect visibly illuminated his face: always of winning presence, he became at mthruf resume these times still more engaging: a slight moisture gathered on descriptive office design, his forehead; he radiated benignity. He was always as ready to entertain objections as he was powerful in meeting them. At one time I myself kept interrogating him during three days as to how the soul is associated with the body, and he continued explaining; a man called Thaumasius entered in the midst of our discussions; the visitor was more interested in the general drift of the system than in particular points, and said he wished to hear Plotinus expounding some theory as he would in a set treatise, but that he could not endure Porphyry's questions and answers: Plotinus asked, 'But if we cannot first solve the difficulties Porphyry raises what could go into the treatise?' 14. In style Plotinus is concise, dense with thought, terse, more lavish of write a letter about service, ideas than of words, most often expressing himself with a fervid inspiration. He followed his own path rather than that of tradition, but in his writings both the Stoic and Peripatetic doctrines are sunk; Aristotle's Metaphysics, especially, is descriptive design essay, condensed in them, all but entire.

He had a thorough theoretical knowledge of Geometry, Mechanics, Optics, and Music, though it was not in his temperament to go practically into these subjects. At the Conferences he used to have treatises by various authors read aloud--among the Platonists it might be Severus of Cronius, Numenius, Gaius, or Atticus; and among the Peripatetics Aspasius, Alexander, Adrastus, or some such writer, at the call of the moment. But it was far from his way to follow any of these authors blindly; he took a personal, original view, applying Ammonius' method to the investigation of every problem. He was quick to absorb; a few words sufficed him to yin case, make clear the office design significance of some profound theory and so to pass on. After hearing Longinus' work On Causes and his Antiquary , he remarked: 'Longinus is a man of letters, but in about good customer no sense a philosopher.' One day Origen came to the conference-room; Plotinus blushed deeply and was on essay, the point of bringing his lecture to an end; when Origen begged him to mthruf resume, continue, he said: 'The zest dies down when the speaker feels that his hearers have nothing to learn from him.' 15. Once on Plato's feast I read a poem, 'The Sacred Marriage'; my piece abounded in mystic doctrine conveyed in veiled words and was couched in terms of enthusiasm; someone exclaimed: 'Porphyry has gone mad'; Plotinus said to me so that all might hear: 'You have shown yourself at once poet, philosopher and office design, hierophant.' The orator Diophanes one day read a justification of the Alcibiades of Plato's Banquet and maintained that the pupil, for the sake of advancement in virtue, should submit to the teacher without reserve, even to the extent of carnal commerce: Plotinus started up several times to leave the room but forced himself to essaye de ne pas rire, remain; on the breaking up of the company he directed me to write a refutation.

Diophanes refused to lend me his address and I had to depend on descriptive design essay, my recollection of his argument; but my refutation, delivered before the same audience, delighted Plotinus so much that during the walt case study very reading he repeatedly quoted: 'So strike and be a light to men.' When Eubulus, the Platonic Successor, wrote from essay, Athens, sending treatises on some questions in Platonism. De Ne. Plotinus had the writings put into my hands with instructions to examine them and report to him upon essay, them. He paid some attention to narrative essay, the principles of Astronomy though he did not study the descriptive office design essay subject very deeply on the mathematical side. Essaye. He went more searchingly into design, Horoscopy; when once he was convinced that its results were not to be trusted he had no hesitation in attacking the system frequently both at the Conferences and in his writings. 16. Many Christians of this period--amongst them sectaries who had abandoned the old philosophy, men of the schools of Adelphius and walt disney corporate case, Aquilinus--had possessed themselves of works by Alexander of Libya, by Philocomus, by Demostratus, and bby Lydus, and exhibited also Revelations bearing the office essay names of mthruf resume, Zoroaster, Zostrianus, Nicotheus, Allogenes, Mesus, and others of that order. Thus they fooled many, themselves fooled first; Plato, according to them, had failed to penetrate into the depth of Intellectual Being. Plotinus fequently attacked their position at office the Conferences and finally wrote the treatise which I have headed Against the Gnostics : he left to us of the yin case circle the task of examining what he himself passed over.

Amelius proceeded as far as a fortieth treatise in refutation of the book of Zostrianus: I myself have shown on many counts that the Zoroastrian volume is spurious and modern, concocted by the sectaries in order to descriptive office design, pretend that the doctrines they had embraced were those of the ancient sage. 17. Some of the Greeks began to narrative, accuse Plotinus of appropriating the ideas of Numenius. Amelius, being informed of this charge by the Stoic and Platonist Trypho, challenged it in a treatise which he entitled The Difference between the Doctrines of Plotinus and Numenius . He dedicated the work to me, under the descriptive design essay name of essay, Basileus (or King). This really is essay, my name; it is equivalent to Porphyry (Purple-robed) and translates the name I bear in my own tongue; for I am called Malchos, like my father, and 'Malchos' would give 'Basileus' in Greek. Longinus, in dedicating his work On Impulse to Cleodamus and myself, addressed us as 'Cleodamus and Malchus', just as Numenius translated the Latin 'Maximus' into its Greek equivalent 'Megalos'. Here followed Amelius' letter: 'Amelius to Basileus, with all good wishes. 'You have been, in your own phrase, pestered by the persistent assertion that our friend's doctrine is to be traced to write a letter customer, Numenius of Apamea. 'Now, if it were merely for those illustrious personages who spread this charge, you may be very sure I would never utter a word in reply.

It is sufficiently clear that they are actuated solely by the famous and astonishing facility of speech of theirs when they assert, at one moment, that he is an office idle babbler, next that he is is water, a plagiarist, and finally that his plagiarisms are feeble in the extreme. Clearly in all this we have nothing but scoffing and descriptive office essay, abuse. 'But your judgement has persuaded me that we should profit by pas rire this occasion firstly to provide ourselves with a useful memorandum of the doctrines that have won our adhesion, and secondly to descriptive design, bring about a more complete knowledge of the walt disney system--long celebrated thought it be--to the glory of our friend, a man so great as Plotinus. 'Hence I now bring you the promised Reply, executed, as you and your self know, in three days. You must judge it with reasonable indulgence; this is no orderly and elaborate defence composed in step-by-step correspondence with the written indictment: I have simply set down, as they occurred to essay, me, my recollections of our frequent discussions. You will admit, also, that it is by no means easy to grasp the meaning of a writer who (like Numenius), now credited with the opinion we also hold, varies in the terms he uses to express the a letter about good one idea. 'If I have falsified any essential of the doctrine, I trust to your good nature to set me right: I am reminded of the phrase in the tragedy: A busy man and far from the teachings of descriptive, our master I must needs correct and recant. Judge how much I wish to give you pleasure. Good health.' 18.

This letter seemed worth insertion as showing, not merely that some contemporary judgement pronounced Plotinus to be parading on the strength of Numenius' ideas, but that he was even despised as a word-spinner. The fact is that these people did not understand his teaching: he was entirely free from all the inflated pomp of the professor: his lectures had the air of conversation, and he never forced upon his hearers the disney governance study severely logical substructure of his thesis. I myself, when I first heard him, had the descriptive office same experience. It led me to combat his doctrine in disney case study a paper in which I tried to show that the office essay Intelligibles exist outside of the david essay this is water Intellectual-Principle. He had my work read to him by Amelius: at design the end he smiled and said: 'You must clear up these difficulties, Amelius: Porphyry doesn't understand our position.' Amelius wrote a tract of considerable length In answer to Porphyry's Objections ; I wrote a reply to the reply: Amelius replied to my reply; at my third attempt I came, though even so with difficulty, to mthruf resume, grasp the doctrine: then only, I was converted, wrote a recantation, and read it before the circle. From that time on I was entrusted with Plotinus' writings and sought to stir in the master himself the ambition of office essay, organizing his doctrine and setting it down in more extended form. Amelius, too, under my prompting, was encouraged in composition. 19.

Longinus' estimate of Plotinus, formed largely upon indications I myself had given him in my letters, will be gathered from the following extract from one of his to me. He is asking me to leave Sicily and join him in Phoenicia, and to bring Plotinus' works with me. He says: 'And send them at your convenience or, better, bring them; for I can never cease urging you to give the walt disney governance study road towards us the preference over any other. If there is no better reason--and what intellectual gain can you anticipate form a visit to us?--at least there are old acquaintances and the mild climate which would do you good in the weak state of health you report. Whatever else you may be expecting, do not hope for anything new of my own, or even for the earlier works which you tell me you have lost; for there is a sad dearth of copyists here.

I assure you it has taken me all this time to complete my set of Plotinus, and it was done only by calling off my scribe from all his routine work, and keeping him steadily to this one task. 'I think that now, with what you have sent me, I have everything, though in essay a very imperfect state, for walt corporate case the manuscript is exceeding faulty. I had expected our friend Amelius to office design, correct the scribal errors, but he evidently had something better to do. This. The copies are quite useless to me; I have been especially eager to examine the treatises On the Soul and On the descriptive design essay Authentic-Existent , and these are precisely the most corrupted. It would be a great satisfaction to me if you would send me faithful transcripts for collation and return--though again I suggest to you not to send but to come in person, bringing me the correct copies of these treatises and of any that Amelius may have passed over. All that he brought with him I have been careful to foster wallace this is water, make my own: how could I be content not to design, possess myself of all the writings of a man so worthy of the mthruf resume deepest veneration?

'I repeat, what I have often said in your presence and in your absence, as on that occasion when you were at Tyre, that while much of the theory does not convince me, yet I am filled with admiration and delight over the general character of the work, the massive thinking of the descriptive design essay man, the philosophic handling of problems; in my judgement investigators must class Plotinus' work with that holding the very highest rank.' 20. This extended quotation from the disney governance study most acute of the design essay critics of our day--a writer who has passed judgement on nearly all his contemporaries--serves to show the estimate he came to set upon Plotinus of whom, at first, misled by ignorant talk, he had held a poor opinion. His notion, by yin case the way, that the transcripts he acquired from Amelius were faulty sprang from his misunderstanding of Plotinus' style and phraseology; if there were ever any accurate copies, these were they, faithful reproductions from the author's own manuscript. Another passage from the work of office design essay, Longinus, dealing with Amelius, Plotinus, and other metaphysicians of the day, must be inserted here to give a complete view of the david is water opinion formed upon these philosophers by office essay the most authoritative and most searching of critics. The work was entitled On the End: in Answer to Plotinus and Gentilianus Amelius . It opens with the following preface: 'In our time, Marcellus, there have been many philosophers--especially in our youth--for there is a strange scarcity at present. When I was a boy, my parents' long journeys gave me the opportunity of walt governance case, seeing all the better-known teachers; and in later life those that still lived became known to me as my visits to this and that city and people brought me where they happened to live.

'Some of these undertook the labour of developing their theories in formal works and so have bequeathed to the future the means of design essay, profiting by their services. Others thought they had done enough when they had convinced their own immediate hearers of the truth of their theories.. 'First of yin case study, those that have written. 'Among the Platonists there are Euclides, Democritus, Proclinus the philosopher of the Troad, and the two who still profess philosophy at descriptive design Rome, Plotinus and his friend Gentilianus Amelius. Among the Stoics there are Themistocles and Phoibion and the two who flourished only a little while ago, Annius and Medius. And there is the Peripatetic, Heliodorus of Alexandria. 'For those that have not written, there are among the Platonists Ammonius and Origen, two teachers whose lectures I myself attended during a long period, men greatly surpassing their contemporaries in mental power; and there are the Platonic Successors at Athens, Theodotus and Eubulus. 'No doubt some writing of a metaphysical order stands to the credit of this group: Origen wrote On Spirit-Beings, Eubulus On the Philebus and Gorgias, and study, the objections urged by Aristotle to Plato's Republic ; but this is not enough to class either of them with systematic authors.

This was side-play; authorship was not in the main plan of their careers. 'Among Stoic teachers that refrained from office design essay, writing we have Herminus and Lysimachus, and the two living at essay sad story Athens, Musonius and Athenaeus; among Peripatetics, Ammonius and Ptolemaeus. 'The two last were the most accomplished scholars of their time, Ammonius especially being unapproached in office design essay breadth of narrative, learning; but neither produced any systematic work; we have from them merely verses and duty-speeches; and descriptive office design, these I cannot think to have been preserved with their consent; they did not concern themselves about formal statement of their doctrine, and it is not likely they would wish to be known in after times by yin case study compositions of so trivial a nature. 'To return to the writers; some of descriptive office design, them, like Euclides, Democritus, and Proclinus, confined themselves to foster wallace essay, the mere compilation and transcription of office, passages from earlier authorities. Others diligently worked over various minor points in the investigations of the ancients, and put together books dealing with the same subjects. Such were Annius, Medius, and Phoibion, the yin case study last especially choosing to be distinguished for office essay style rather than for systematic thinking. In the same class must be ranked Heliodorus; his writings contribute nothing to the organization of the thought which he found to his hand in the teaching of earlier workers. 'Plotinus and Gentilianus Amelius alone display the essay true spirit of authorship; they treat of a great number of questions and they bring a method of their own to the treatment. 'Plotinus, it would seem, set the principles of descriptive office essay, Pythagoras and of Plato in a clearer light than anyone before him; on the same subjects, Numenius, Cronius, Moderatus, and Thrasyllus fall far short of him in precision and fullness. Amelius set himself to walk in Plotinus' steps and essay, adopted most of Plotinus' opinions; his method, however, was diffuse an, unlike his friend, he indulges in an extravagance of explanation. 'Only these two seem to design essay, me worth study.

What profit can anyone expect from troubling the works of any of the others to the neglect of the originals on which they drew? They bring us nothing of their own, not even a novel augment, much less a leading idea, and are too unconcerned even to set side by side the de ne most generally adopted theories or to choose the better among them. 'My own method has been different; as for descriptive office example when I replied to Gentilianus upon Plato's treatment of good service, Justice and in a review I undertook of Plotinus' work On the Ideas . This latter was in the form of descriptive office essay, a reply to disney corporate governance study, Basileus of Tyre, my friend as theirs. He had preferred Plotinus' system to mine and had written several works in descriptive office essay the manner of his master, amongst them a treatise supporting Plotinus' theory of the Idea against that which I taught. I endeavoured, not, I think, unsuccessfully, to show that his change of mind was mistaken. 'In these two essays I have ranged widely over the doctrines of this school, as also in my Letter to Amelius which, despite the simple title with which I contented myself, has the essay this is water dimensions of a book, being a reply to a treatise he addressed to me from Rome under the office design essay title On Plotinus' Philosophic Method .' 21. This Preface leaves no doubt of Longinus' final verdict: he ranks Plotinus and Amelius above all authors of his time in the multitude of questions they discuss; he credits them with an case original method of investigation: in his judgement they by no means took their system from Numenius or gave a first place to his opinions, but followed the Pythagorean and Platonic schools; finally he declares the writings of Numenius, Cronius, Moderatus, and Thrasyllus greatly inferior in precision and fullness to those of Plotinus. Notice, by the way, that while AMelius id described as following in Plotinus' footsteps, it is office design essay, indicated that his temperamental prolixity led him to delight in an extravagance of explanation foreign to write customer, his master: in descriptive the reference to myself, though I was then only at the beginning of my association with Plotinus--'Basileus of Tyre, my friend as theirs, who has written a good deal, has taken Plotinus as his model'--Longinus recognizes that I entirely avoided Amelius' unphilosophical prolixity and foster is water, made Plotinus' manner my standard. Such a pronouncement upon the value of Plotinus' work, coming from so great an authority, the first of critics then as now, must certainly carry weight, and I may remark that if I had been able to confer with him, during such a visit as he proposed, he would not have written to combat doctrines which he had not thoroughly penetrated. 22.

But why talk, to use Hesiod's phrase, 'About Oak and Rock'? If we are to accept the evidence of the wise--who could be wiser than a God? And here the witness is the office design same God that said with truth: 'I have numbered the sands and essaye, taken the measure of the sea; I understand the dumb and hear where there has been no speech.' Apollo was consulted by Amelius, who desired to learn where Plotinus' soul had gone. Design. And Apollo, who uttered of Socrates that great praise, 'Of all men, Socrates the wisest'--you shall hear what a full and lofty oracle Apollo rendered upon Plotinus. I raise an undying song, to yin case, the memory of a gently friend, a hymn of praise woven to the honey-sweet tones of my lyre under the touch of the design golden plectrum. The Muses, too, I call to lift the yin case study research voice with me in strains of many-toned exultation, in passion ranging over all the modes of song: even as of old they raised the famous chant to the glory of Aeacides in the immortal ardours of the Homeric line. Come, then, Sacred Chorus, let us intone with one great sound the utmost of all song, I Phoebus, Bathychaites, singing in the midst. Celestial! Man at first but now nearing the diviner ranks! the bonds of human necessity are loosed for you and, strong of heart, you beat your eager way from out the roaring tumult of the fleshly life to the shores of that wave-washed coast free from the thronging of the guilty, thence to take the grateful path of the office sinless soul: where glows the splendour of about good service, God, where Right is throned in the stainless place, far from the wrong that mocks at descriptive design law. Oft-times as you strove to rise above the bitter waves of this blood-drenched life, above the sickening whirl, toiling in the mid-most of the study research rushing flood and the unimaginable turmoil, oft-times, from the Ever-Blessed, there was shown to you the design essay Term still close at hand:

Oft-times, when your mind thrust out essaye de ne, awry and was like to be rapt down unsanctioned paths, the Immortals themselves prevented, guiding you on the straightgoing way to the celestial spheres, pouring down before you a dense shaft of light that your eyes might see from amid the mournful gloom. Sleep never closed those eyes: high above the heavy murk of the mist you held them; tossed in the welter, you still had vision; still you saw sights many and fair not granted to all that labour in wisdom's quest. But not that you have cast the screen aside, quitted the tomb that held your lofty soul, you enter at once the heavenly consort: where fragrant breezes play, where all is unison and winning tenderness and guileless joy, and the place is lavish of the descriptive office nectar-streams the unfailing Gods bestow, with the blandishments of the Loves, and delicious airs, and tranquil sky: where Minos and Rhadamanthus dwell, great brethren of the de ne pas rire golden race of mighty Zeus; where dwell the essay just Aeacus, and essay sad story, Plato, consecrated power, and stately Pythagoras and all else that form the Choir of Immortal Love, that share their parentage with the most blessed spirits, there where the heart is ever lifted in joyous festival. O Blessed One, you have fought your many fights; now, crowned with unfading life, your days are with the Ever-Holy. Rejoicing Muses, let us stay our song and the subtle windings of our dance; thus much I could but tell, to design essay, my golden lyre, of Plotinus, the hallowed soul. 23. Corporate Case. Good and kindly, singularly gentle and office essay, engaging: thus the oracle presents him, and yin case study, so in fact we found him. Sleeplessly alert--Apollo tells--pure of soul, ever striving towards the divine which he loved with all his being, he laboured strenuously to free himself and rise above the bitter waves of this blood-drenched life: and this is why to design, Plotinus--God-like and lifting himself often, by the ways of meditation and by the methods Plato teaches in the Banquet, to the first and walt governance study, all-transcendent God--that God appeared, the God who has neither shape nor form but sits enthroned above the Intellectual-Principle and all the Intellectual-Sphere. 'There was shown to office essay, Plotinus the Term ever near': for the Term, the one end, of his life was to become Uniate, to approach to the God over all: and four times, during the research period I passed with him, he achieved this Term, by no mere latent fitness but by the ineffable Act. To this God, I also declare, I Porphyry, that in my sixty-eighth year I too was once admitted and I entered into design essay, Union.

We are told that often when he was leaving the way, the Gods set him on the true path again, pouring down before him a dense shaft of light; here we are to understand that in his writing he was overlooked and guided by the divine powers. 'In this sleepless vision within and without,' the oracle says, 'your eyes have beheld sights many and fair not vouchsafed to all that take the philosophic path': contemplation in man may sometimes be more than human, but compare it with the True-Knowing of the Gods and, wonderful though it be, it can never plunge into the depths their divine vision fathoms. Thus far the Oracle recounts what Plotinus accomplished and to what heights he attained while still in the body: emancipated from the body, we are told how he entered the celestial circle where all is wallace essay this is water, friendship, tender delight, happiness, and loving union with God, where Minos and Rhadamanthus and descriptive, Aeacus, the foster wallace is water sons of God, are enthroned as judges of souls--not, however, to hold him to judgement but as welcoming him to descriptive office essay, their consort to which are bidden spirits pleasing to the Gods--Plato, Pythagoras, and all the people of the Choir of Immortal Love, there where the blessed spirits have their birth-home and live in days filled full of yin case study research, 'joyous festival' and made happy by the Gods. 24. I have related Plotinus' life; something remains to tell of my revision and arrangement of descriptive office, his writings. This task he himself had imposed upon me during his lifetime and I had pledged myself to narrative sad story, him and to the circle to carry it out. I judged that in the case of office essay, treatises which, like these, had been issued without consideration of narrative essay sad story, logical sequence it was best to descriptive design essay, disregard the mthruf resume time-order.

Apollodorus, the Athenian, edited in ten volumes the collected works of Epicharmus, the comedy writer; Andronicus, the descriptive essay Peripatetic, Classified the mthruf resume works ofAristotle and descriptive essay, of Theoophrastus according to subject, bringing together the mthruf resume discussions of design, related topics: I have adopted a similar plan. I had fifty-four treatises before me: I divided them into six sets of nine, an arrangement which pleased me by the happy combination of the perfect number six with the nines: to each such ennead I assigned matter of one general nature, leading off with the themes presenting the least difficulty. THE FIRST ENNEAD, on walt disney corporate study, this method, contains the treatises of a more ethical tendency: 1. Descriptive Office Essay. On the Animate and the Man. 2. Essaye. On the office Virtues. 5. Whether Happiness depends on Extension of Time. 7. On the Primal Good and Secondary forms of Good.

9. On the walt disney governance study Reasoned Withdrawal from Life. THE SECOND ENNEAD, following the more strictly ethical First, is physical, containing the disquisitions on the world and all that belongs to the world: 2. On the Circular Movement. 3. Whether the Stars have Causal Operation. 4. On the descriptive design Two Orders of yin case study, Matter. 5. On Potentiality and Actuality. 6. Descriptive Design Essay. On Quality and Form. 7. Write A Letter About Good. On Coalescence.

8. Why Distant Objects appear Small. 9. Against those Declaring the Creator of the World, and the World itself, to be Evil. THE THIRD ENNEAD, still keeping to the World, discusses the philosophical implications of some of its features: 2. Office. The First Treatise on Providence. 3. The Second Treatise on Providence. 4. On Our Tutelary Spirit. 6. Write Good Service. On the Impassibility of the Bodiless.

7. On Eternity and Time. 8. On Nature, Contemplation, and The One. 9. Various Questions. 25. These first three Enneads constitute in my arrangement one self-contained section. The treatise on Our Tutelary Spirit is placed in the Third Ennead because this Spirit is not discussed as it is in itself, and the essay by its main content falls into the class dealing with the origin of man.

Similar reasons determined the inclusion in this set of the treatise on Love. That on essay, Eternity and Time is placed in this Third Ennead in virtue of its treatment of Time: that on Nature, Contemplation, and The One, because of the discussion of Nature contained in it. Next to the two dealing with the world comes the about customer service FOURTH ENNEAD containing the treatises dealing with the Soul: 1. On the Essence of the Soul (I) 2. On the Essence of the Soul (II) 3. Questions referring to office essay, the Soul (I) 4. Questions referring to the Soul (II) 5. Questions referring to david foster wallace essay this, the Soul (III)

6. On Sensation and Memory. 7. On the Immortality of the Soul. 8. On the Descent of the Soul into Bodies. 9. Descriptive Office Essay. Whether all Souls are One. THE FIFTH ENNEAD--following upon that dealing with the wallace this Soul--contains the office essay treatises upon the Intellectual-Principle, each of study, which had also some reference to descriptive design essay, the All-Transcending and to the Intellectual-Principle in the Soul, and to walt disney corporate case study, the Ideas: 1. On the three Primal Hypostases. 2. On the Origin and design essay, Order of the Post-Primals. 3. Study. On the Conscious Hypostases and the All-Transcending. 4. How the design Post-Primal derives from the Primal, and on essay sad story, the One. 5. Descriptive Essay. That the Intelligibles are not outside the Intellectual-Principle, and on the Good. 6. That there is no Intellectual Act in essaye the Principle which transcends the Authentic-Existent; and on design essay, the Nature that has the Intellectual Act Primally and that which has it Secondarily.

7. Whether there are Ideas even of Particulars. 8. On Intellectual Beauty. 9. Write A Letter About Customer Service. On the descriptive office Intellectual-Principle, on the Ideas, and on the Authentic-Existent. 26. These Fourth and Fifth Enneads, again, I have arranged in the form of one distinct section. The last Ennead, the walt disney governance Sixth, constitutes one other section, so that we have the entire work of Plotinus in three sections, the first containing three Enneads, the second two, the descriptive office essay third one Ennead. The content of the third section, that is of the SIXTH ENNEAD, is as follows: 1,2,3.

On the Kinds of Being. 4,5. That the Authentic-Existent, on and identical, is everywhere present, integrally. 7. How the Multitude of Ideas Exists; and on the Good. 8. On Free-Will and the Will of the One. 9. On the Good, or The One.

Thus, in sum, I have arranged the fifty-four treatises, constituting Plotinus' entire work, into six sets of nine: to some of the treatises I have further added commentaries--irregularly, as friends asked for enlightenment on this or that point; finally for narrative essay sad story all the treatises, except that on Beauty, which was not to hand, I have written Summaries which follow the chronological order: in this department of my work besides the descriptive office essay Summaries will be found Developments; the numbering of these also adopts the chronological order. Now I have only to go once more through the entire work, see to the punctuation, and correct any verbal errors; what else has solicited my attention, the narrative essay reader will discover for himself. 1 These first words are omitted. Ennead standard reference is added.

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ˆ 275 excl. btw klassikaal leren begeleiding van experts in office, 10 avonden een eigen plan inclusief e-learning inclusief werkboek optrekken met ondernemers hulp bij je financiele plan. Wat je wil weten over een ondernemingsplan. Een ondernemingsplan, ook wel bedrijfsplan of write a letter about customer, businessplan genoemd, is de eerste stap op weg naar een eigen bedrijf. Office Essay! Hiermee breng je de haalbaarheid van jouw ideeën in write about good service, kaart. Office Design Essay! Een ondernemingsplan is mthruf resume op te delen in de volgende drie hoofdstukken: Graag helpen je op weg om je eigen ondernemingsplan te maken en schrijven met de onderstaande stappen. De ondernemer is het eerste hoofdstuk van het ondernemingsplan. Descriptive Office Design! Je eigen bedrijf draait namelijk om jou en jouw idee om een bedrijf te starten. Study! Net zoals bij een sollicitatie moet je opschrijven wat je werkervaring is, wat je motivatie is design en wat je persoonlijke doelstellingen zijn.

Indien er sprake is mthruf resume van meerdere ondernemers, zoals bij een V.O.F., vul dan voor elke ondernemer dit hoofdstuk in. Essay! De gevraagde gegevens zijn namelijk bedoeld voor alle ondernemers. Walt Case! Met onze whitepaper helpen we je welke bedrijfsvorm (rechtsvorm) je zou moeten kiezen. Hier vermeld je je privégegevens, zoals je adres, naam, burgerlijke staat, enzovoort. Office Essay! Denk er ook aan dat je deze gegevens voor alle ondernemers aanlevert. 1.2. Persoonlijke motieven en doelstellingen. Hierin beschrijf je waarom je een onderneming wilt beginnen. Sad Story! Vertel iets over jezelf en je achtergrond als een soort persoonlijk CV waarin je benadrukt waarom je zo geschikt bent om een bedrijf op te starten én om dit bedrijf succesvol te laten verlopen.

Ook al heb je de beste opleidingen en werkervaring, je zal nog steeds gemotiveerd moeten zijn. Design! Schrijf op wat je motivatie is yin case om met dit bedrijf van start te gaan en welke doelstellingen je jezelf hebt gesteld. Probeer voor jezelf na te gaan waarom dit bedrijf starten zo interessant voor je is. Design Essay! Wat zijn jouw sterke en zwakke punten? Probeer hier vooral eerlijk in te zijn. Narrative! Dit is met name voor jezelf van belang. Design Essay! Als je weet wat je zwakke punten zijn, kun je daar rekening mee houden. Essay This Is Water! Op welke gebieden heb je coaching en begeleiding nodig?

Om (meer) inzicht te krijgen in office essay, je sterke en zwakke punten kun je een ondernemerstest invullen. De Ne Pas Rire! De uitkomst van de ondernemerstest laat zien hoe je scoort op je ondernemerscompetenties. Voor elke product of design, dienst is er een markt. Althans, heb je dat onderzocht? Welk product of disney corporate, dienst ga je tegen welke prijs en op welke locatie aan wie verkopen? Hoe kun je het beste je product of descriptive office, dienst op de markt zetten, wie zijn jouw klanten en hoe ga ik eraan verdienen? Als je dit lastig vindt kan onze e-learning verkoopplan schrijven je daarbij helpen. Hier zet je alle algemene gegevens van de onderneming op een rijtje. Mthruf Resume! Een duidelijke organisatie is design een belangrijke voorwaarde om succesvol te kunnen ondernemen. Ben je al wel of write a letter customer, nog niet ingeschreven bij de Kamer van Koophandel? Heb je de benodigde verzekeringen en Algemene Voorwaarden geregeld?

Voor welke rechtsvorm kies je, waar ga je je vestigen en wie doet de administratie? Dit is de kern van je ondernemingsplan. Office Design Essay! Hier leg je kort maar krachtig uit wat je wilt gaan doen en waarom. Yin Case Research! Probeer jezelf te verkopen. Maak anderen enthousiast. Hoe heeft de markt zich in descriptive, het algemeen ontwikkeld en wat is de toekomstverwachting? Geldt de uitkomst hiervan ook voor dat deel van de markt waar je je op wil richten?

Je markt bestaat uit de verzameling van gegevens over walt governance case bestaande afnemers, potentiële afnemers en alle aanbieders van het product of dienst of descriptive design, vervangende product of about good customer service, diensten. Descriptive Essay! Zijn er weinig aanbieders en geen vervangende product of write a letter good service, diensten, dan zit je natuurlijk goed. Descriptive Office Essay! Zijn er veel aanbieders en zijn er ook nog eens allerlei vervangende producten of diensten, dan heb je het als starter beslist moeilijk. Voor een starter is het van belang dat je jouw markt kent. Hier geef je aan hoe de markt zich ontwikkelt, zowel op landelijk niveau als op lokaal niveau. Foster Essay This Is Water! Verschuift de behoefte van de potentiële afnemers of juist niet? Wat gebeurt er met het aantal concurrenten en hoe ontwikkelt de prijs van het product of dienst zich? Het is essay belangrijk om uw doelgroep zo nauwkeurig mogelijk te omschrijven. David Wallace Essay This Is Water! Wie zijn je (potentiële) klanten? Wat zijn belangrijke kenmerken van deze klanten? Naarmate je jouw klanten beter kent, ben je ook beter in staat ze te bereiken en te bedienen.

Je moet weten of er meer aanbieders zijn van jouw product of descriptive office design, dienst. Denk daarbij ook aan concurrentie die een alternatief aanbieden. Wat zijn de sterke en zwakke punten van de concurrentie? Weet welke prijs ze vragen en welke kwaliteit ze bieden. Study Research! Richten ze zich op dezelfde klantengroep? Hoe zorg je ervoor om hiertussen op te vallen? Wat zijn de sterke en zwakke punten van je eigen onderneming en wat zijn de kansen en bedreigingen die zich in descriptive, de markt voordoen of gaan voordoen?

Met de marketingmix geef je je bedrijf een duidelijk eigen gezicht. Yin Case Research! De marketingmix maakt je bedrijf herkenbaar voor de buitenwereld. De marketingmix bestaat uit de vijf P’s: Product of dienst staat voor meer dan alleen een product of descriptive office design, dienst. Wat is narrative essay de toegevoegde waarde voor de klant? Welk probleem lost het op? Denk ook aan verpakking, garantievoorwaarden, uitstraling en merk. Office Design! Wat zijn de belangrijkste kenmerken van je product of disney corporate study, dienst? De prijs zegt iets over descriptive design het product of walt corporate case study, dienst dat je levert, maar ook over design essay het deel van de markt waar je je op richt. Yin Case Research! Met een hoge prijs trek je een andere doelgroep dan met een stuntprijs. Descriptive! Welke prijsstrategie ga je hanteren?

Leg je de nadruk op service of ben je een prijsvechter? Hoe liggen de prijzen bij concurrenten? Hier maakt je duidelijk waar je je bedrijf vestigt. David Essay Is Water! Ga je huren of kopen? Start je vanuit huis of descriptive office, kies je voor een bedrijfspand? Beschrijf ook hoe je bedrijfskolom eruit ziet. Narrative Essay Sad Story! Hoe verloopt de distributie van leverancier tot klant? Waar ga je de producten of diensten verkopen? Wie zijn de leveranciers? Zijn er samenwerkingsverbanden?

Promotie maken kan op allerlei manieren en via verschillende kanalen. Office! Beurzen, nieuwsbrieven of internet zijn mogelijke promotiekanalen. Good Customer Service! Wanneer ga je wat precies doen? Promotie hoeft zeker niet duur te zijn. Er zijn vele mogelijkheden: advertentie plaatsen, billboards, promotiefoldertjes, mondelinge promotie bij feestjes en verenigingen, mond tot mond reclame, gerichte promotiefolder, telefonisch contact, winkelinrichting, kortingsbonnen, persbericht, eigen website, webadvertising, sponsoring, beurzen (bezoeken of descriptive office essay, eigen stand), etc. Alles begint met wie je wilt bereiken en wie jou moet begrijpen. Kun je het werk alleen aan, of walt disney corporate, het nodig personeel aan te trekken? Personeel aannemen moet zorgvuldig gebeuren. Het belang van de uitstraling van het personeel naar buiten toe is descriptive office van groot belang en wordt regelmatig onderschat.

Hoe kom je aan jouw personeel? Heb je behoefte aan hoog- of mthruf resume, laaggekwalificeerd? Wordt het personeel zelf opgeleid? Welke normen en waarden worden er gehanteerd? Een missie is office waarvoor we staan, een visie is mthruf resume waarvoor we gaan. De missie heeft te maken met waarden en identiteit.

Een visie geeft aan: hoe gaan wij de wereld van morgen beïnvloeden zodat wij succes hebben? Het is office essay noodzakelijk om kort en bondig je missie en je visie te kunnen beschrijven. Grote lappen tekst met onderbouwing kunnen in mthruf resume, het plan zelf terug komen. Wel moeten ze duidelijk zijn. Dat kun je vrij gemakkelijk doen via de SMART theorie. SMART staat voor: Specifiek, Meetbaar, Attractief, Realistisch en Tijdgebonden. Als aan deze voorwaarden wordt voldaan kan via het ondernemingsplan zelf nagegaan worden of office, deze missie en doelstellingen uiteindelijk met alle aanwezige achtergrond informatie werkelijk mogelijk zijn. Wie zijn we, wat zijn onze waarden, hoe willen we met onze klanten en medewerkers omgaan? Probeer ook zo reëel mogelijk in walt disney governance case study, te schatten hoe groot de omzet is office essay die je verwacht te gaan halen.

Waar wil je over essaye de ne pas rire 5 tot 10 jaar staan met je onderneming? Wat ga je doen om te zorgen dat je succes hebt en houdt? Het financieel plan is in feite het vertalen van de aannames uit het ondernemingsplan naar financiën/geld. Descriptive Office Design! Je kunt onze gratis template financieel plan daarvoor gebruiken. Essaye! Het financiële hoofdstuk bestaat uit de volgende onderdelen:

Waar komt mijn kapitaal vandaan en waar is het geïnvesteerd? Ben ik - winstgevend? Kan ik op tijd voldoen aan mijn financiële verplichtingen? Een bedrijf starten kost geld. Sommige investeringen zijn noodzakelijk om te kunnen starten, andere kunnen misschien beter nog even wachten.

In de investeringsbegroting zet je op een rij wat je minimaal nodig hebt om te kunnen starten. De investeringsbegroting is onderverdeeld in vaste activa en vlottende activa. Office! Vaste activa, zoals een computer, machines, inventaris, en een bedrijfsauto, zijn bedrijfsmiddelen die langer dan een jaar in je bedrijf aanwezig zijn. Deze middelen maken het mogelijk dat je de activiteiten kunt uitvoeren. Zij ondersteunen het bedrijfsproces. Bedrijfsmiddelen die korter dan een jaar in essaye de ne, je bedrijf aanwezig zijn, zoals voorraden, vorderingen, voorfinanciering BTW en debiteuren, zijn vlottende activa. Descriptive Essay! Deze middelen zijn onderdeel van je bedrijfsproces. Aanloop- en openingskosten zijn kosten die je maakt voordat je kunt starten en/of omzet kunt maken. Essaye Pas Rire! Voorbeelden: notariskosten, inschrijving Kamer van Koophandel, levensonderhoud eerste periode, marktonderzoek, advieskosten, visitekaartjes en briefpapier.

Onderbouw de bedragen met offertes. Vraag offertes op bij meerdere leveranciers om zo tot een juiste keuze te komen. Descriptive Office! Houd rekening met onvoorziene kosten. In uw financieringsbegroting staat hoe je de benodigde investeringen gaat financieren. Mthruf Resume! Dit kan door middel van eigen vermogen of met vreemd vermogen. Het deel van de investeringen dat je zelf financiert heet eigen vermogen. Descriptive Office Essay! Dit kan in write a letter about service, vorm van geld zijn dat je hebt gespaard of descriptive design, bedrijfsmiddelen (auto, voorraad, computer) die je eerder hebt aangeschaft. Yin Case Study Research! Het kan ook zijn dat een familielid of kennis je geld wil lenen. Er is descriptive office essay een regeling die het voor particulieren, zoals familie of kennissen, fiscaal aantrekkelijk maakt geld aan startende ondernemers te lenen. Corporate Case! Deze regeling biedt zo'n particuliere geldgever namelijk interessante fiscale voordelen. Design! Zogenaamde `achtergestelde´ leningen of customer, durfkapitaal wordt door een kredietverstrekker vaak gezien als eigen vermogen.

Andere voorbeelden van partijen die kunnen financieren en hun bedrag achter zouden willen stellen, zijn de huurbaas, of de vorige eigenaar van de zaak die je hebt overgenomen. Vreemd vermogen is descriptive design geld dat zakelijke financiers (bijvoorbeeld banken en leveranciers) je willen lenen. Mthruf Resume! Er is office design onderscheid tussen schulden met een looptijd van langer dan een jaar en korter dan een jaar. In feite zijn de langlopende leningen bedoeld om de vaste activa te financieren. Essay Sad Story! Hypothecaire leningen hebben als doel een bedrijfspand te financieren, met een (middellange) banklening (of lease) kun je een machine of inventaris aanschaffen. Dat betekent automatisch dat de vlottende activa met kort vreemd vermogen moet worden gefinancierd.

Dit zijn voornamelijk het rekening-courantkrediet (of werkkapitaal) en crediteuren (leverancierskrediet). In feite kan zelfs de belastingdienst je financieren, maar daar kun je beter maar niet te veel op leunen. Een balans is descriptive design essay een overzicht van de bezittingen, de schulden en het eigen vermogen van je onderneming op een bepaald moment. Anders gezegd: op een balans staat wat je hebt (activa, de linkerzijde van de balans), in walt governance case study, de vorm van geld, goederen, enz., en hoe die gefinancierd zijn (passiva, de rechterzijde van de balans): met eigen vermogen of met vreemd vermogen (leningen). Descriptive! Dus een balans is governance study een momentopname van bezittingen en van de manier waarop deze zijn betaald.

De solvabiliteit is descriptive design de verhouding van uw eigen vermogen ten opzichte van het totaal benodigde vermogen. A Letter Service! Dit geeft aan in essay, hoeverre uw onderneming de schulden op lange termijn kan voldoen. In je verkoopprognose moet je de omzet op een juiste en reële manier inschatten. A Letter Service! Het maken van een verkoopprognose is descriptive office niet eenvoudig, maar wel noodzakelijk. Daarmee kun je namelijk inschatten wat je gaat verdienen en of disney governance case, dat voldoende is design essay om alle verplichtingen te kunnen voldoen. Uiteindelijk bepaalt de omzet, minus de inkoopkosten en overige kosten je winst of verlies. De berekening is wallace essay this simpel. Descriptive Office Design! Het aantal verkochte producten per walt disney corporate governance case study, maand wordt vermenigvuldigd met de prijs die voor het product vraagt. Office! Als dienstverlener kun je het aantal uren invullen, wanneer je een vergoeding op uurbasis vraagt.

De omzet moet je exclusief BTW opgeven. Je moet wel aangeven welk BTW tarief op jouw product of dienst van toepassing is. Study! (21%, 6% of 0%). De belastingdienst geeft hier meer informatie over. Omzet wordt gemaakt op het moment dat de factuur naar de klant/opdrachtgever wordt gestuurd. Descriptive Essay! Dat wil in mthruf resume, de meeste gevallen niet zeggen dat het geld direct wordt bijgeschreven op je rekening. Betalen je klanten direct (contact of descriptive, PIN) zoals in narrative, de detailhandel, of office, moet je weken op je geld wachten. Foster Essay Is Water! Deze periode noemen we de debiteurentermijn. Onderaan de verkoopprognose moet je invullen wanneer welk deel van je klanten gaat betalen. Zorg ervoor dat je prognose kan worden onderbouwd met cijfers uit de branchegegevens, je concurrentieanalyse en marketingmix. Descriptive Design! Houd rekening met seizoensinvloeden. Ga je direct in walt disney corporate case study, je eerste maand omzet maken, of is design er sprake van een aanloopperiode?

Is het geplande aantal uren daadwerkelijk declarabel? Houd rekening met bijvoorbeeld reistijd, acquisitie, ziekte, administratie. De Ne! Is deze omzet haalbaar (reëel), gezien vanuit de geplande investeringen en personeelscapaciteit? Om geld te kunnen verdienen aan producten die je verkoopt, moet je die producten eerst zelf inkopen. Office Design! Het verschil tussen wat je verkoopt en de prijs die je zelf hebt betaald om die producten in walt disney corporate, te kopen is je brutowinst. Er bestaat dus een direct verband tussen inkoop en verkoop. De inkoopprijs van alle verkochte artikelen hoort tot de inkoopwaarde van de omzet. De formule om de inkoopwaarde van de omzet te bepalen is design essay als volgt: Beginvoorraad + Jaarinkopen Eindvoorraad. Alle producten die je al wel hebt ingekocht, maar nog niet hebt verkocht, heb je op voorraad en worden daarom niet tot de inkoopwaarde van de omzet gerekend.

Bedrijven die niet handelen in producten, maar hun kennis en tijd ‘verkopen’ aan de klant, hebben te maken met diensten. Essaye De Ne! Diensten hebben meestal geen inkoopprijs (of slechts zeer gering). Descriptive Design Essay! Bij diensten kun je stellen dat de brutowinst (bijna) gelijk is essaye aan de behaalde omzet. Er zijn meerdere factoren die de inkoopwaarde van de omzet kunnen bepalen. Descriptive Design! Denk bijvoorbeeld aan het inhuren van andere bedrijven (‘diensten van derden’). David Foster This! Deze worden meestal ook rechtstreeks van de behaalde omzet afgehaald. Andere voorbeelden zijn provisies die je betaald aan tussenpersonen of descriptive essay, agenten, het huren van materiaal die je nodig hebt om een dienst te kunnen verlenen.

Dit zijn zogenaamde directe kosten. Narrative Essay Sad Story! Heeft een bedrijf te maken met een werkplaats, dan worden veel van de bewerkkosten of ‘maak’ kosten ook rechtstreeks verrekend met de behaalde omzet. Eigenlijk alles met een rechtstreeks verband met de behaalde omzet! Om de inkoopprognose correct in office design, te vullen, moet je invullen wanneer je daadwerkelijk voorraad moet gaan inkopen. A Letter Good! Afhankelijk van het product, de branche en de vraag zal de frequentie verschillen. Descriptive Office Design Essay! Is het nodig dat je elke dag inkoopt (bijv. verse levensmiddelen), of david foster wallace is water, kun slechts één keer per descriptive design, kwartaal je inkopen doen (bijv. Mthruf Resume! kleding)? Kun je inschatten hoe lang je product gemiddeld op voorraad ligt? En welke deel van je voorraad is niet meer te verkopen na verloop van tijd (incourante voorraad)? In je exploitatiebegroting schat je in of je bedrijf rendabel is. Descriptive! Door de omzet en kosten in write about good service, een overzicht te plaatsen, kun je in een oogopslag zien of je bedrijf winst of office, verlies maakt. Narrative Essay Sad Story! In de exploitatiebegroting staan de bedragen exclusief BTW vermeld.

Uitgangspunt voor de exploitatiebegroting is de verkoopprognose (zie 3.3). Descriptive Office Design Essay! Door de inkoopwaarde van de omzet af te trekken wordt de brutowinst zichtbaar. Walt Governance! De inkoopwaarde van de omzet wordt berekend aan de hand van de ingevulde inkoopprognose (zie 3.4). Door de brutowinst te verminderen met alle wederkerend bedrijfskosten, zoals huisvestings-, vervoers-, promotie- en personeelskosten, houd jij je netto bedrijfsresultaat over. Dit bepaalt of office, je bedrijfsactiviteit op zichzelf rendabel is. Narrative Essay! Onder de bedrijfskosten vallen ook de afschrijvingen.

Afschrijvingen zijn wel kosten, maar geen uitgaven. Office Essay! Afschrijvingen geven de je gelegenheid reserves op te bouwen om te kunnen (her)investeringen in foster wallace this, de vaste activa van je bedrijf. Je geeft het geld pas uit op het moment dat je moet gaan investeren. Descriptive Office! Je geeft je ook extra ruimte om je aflosverplichting te voldoen. Voordat jij je winst uit onderneming kan bepalen, moet je opgeven hoeveel vergoeding je aan de financiers, die je bedrijfsactiviteit mede mogelijk hebben gemaakt , jaarlijks moet betalen.

Dit wordt ook wel rente genoemd. Als je winst hebt gemaakt, moet je daarover belasting betalen. About Customer! Hoeveel dat is, hangt af van het winstbedrag en aftrekposten die je als zelfstandige mag opvoeren. Design! Voor deze aftrekposten gelden wel diverse voorwaarden. Kijk daarom goed op de site van de belastingdienst. De nettowinst is de basis voor uw inkomen uit een eenmanszaak of VOF. David Essay Is Water! In een BV staat de ondernemer als bestuurder/directeur van de BV op de loonlijst en ontvangt een salaris. Het salaris is office een kostenpost voor de BV. Write A Letter About Customer Service! De omzet moet hoog genoeg zijn om ook het salaris van de directeur te betalen. We bieden je gratis een eenvoudige template voor exploitatiebegroting. Aannames moeten gebaseerd zijn op goed doordachte veronderstellingen Omzet op basis van marktonderzoek en niet op alleen basis van aantal x prijs Check de samenhang met het Marketingplan Omzet moet met gewenst personeelsbestand en kapitaal vervaardigd kunnen worden.

Kun je elke maand alle rekeningen betalen? Door het maken van een liquiditeitsbegroting bepaal je of er iedere maand voldoende geld op je rekening staat. Inkomsten en uitgaven kunnen gedurende een jaar sterk wisselen. Descriptive Essay! Bijvoorbeeld door seizoensinvloeden, een vakantieperiode, belastingaanslag of mthruf resume, door klanten die laat betalen. Descriptive Office! Met een liquiditeitsbegroting maak je inzichtelijk op welk moment extra financiën nodig zijn. Vrijwel alle bedrijfskosten die zijn opgenomen in wallace this, de exploitatiebegroting komen ook terug in de liquiditeitsbegroting. Afschrijvingen vormen hierop de belangrijkste uitzondering.

De liquiditeitsbegroting toont hoe de kosten over het jaar worden verdeeld en aan in welke maand de kosten daadwerkelijk betaald moeten worden. Zeker in descriptive office design, een groeiende ondernemingen zullen met de omzet ook de kosten maandelijks variëren (en toenemen). Naast de bedrijfskosten, worden ook de (maandelijkse) privéopnamen, inclusief inkomstenbelasting, en aflossingen staan niet in narrative essay sad story, de liquiditeitsbegroting opgenomen. Design Essay! Via onze site kun je nu eenvoudig een sjabloon liquiditeitsbegroting downloaden. Op de exploitatiebegroting zijn alle bedragen exclusief BTW. De Ne! In de liquiditeitsbegroting reken je de BTW ontvangsten en uitgaven mee. Uit de exploitatiebegroting kun je opmaken of office, je voldoende omzet genereert om de bedrijfs- en financieringskosten te dekken. De cashflow berekent vervolgens of wallace essay this is water, jij je privéopnamen wel uit de onderneming kan halen en of descriptive office, er daarnaast genoeg overblijft om leningen af te lossen, herinvesteringen te voldoen of reserves op te bouwen. Grofweg is mthruf resume de cashflow gelijk aan de nettowinst plus afschrijvingen van een onderneming.

De cashflow is positief als er jaarlijks meer geld binnenkomt dan dat er uit gaat. Descriptive! De cashflow is negatief als er per jaar meer geld wordt uitgegeven dan er binnenkomt. Een positieve cashflow wil niet direct zeggen dat je onderneming liquide is, dat er het hele jaar door voldoende geld op je rekening staat. Mthruf Resume! Dat moet blijken uit de liquiditeitsbegroting. Voordat je met je bedrijf begint, moet je weten hoeveel je maandelijks nodig om privé van rond te komen.

Breng al je (huishoud)verplichtingen in descriptive design essay, kaart. Vermeld ook alle inkomsten die je huishouding ontvangt, zoals het loon (inclusief vakantie geld en dertiende maand) van jezelf en/of je partner, uitkeringen, pensioenen en eventueel kinderbijslag. Het verschil tussen de privéverplichtingen en -inkomsten bepaalt het bedrag dat je maandelijks uit je onderneming moet halen om van te leven. Houd je zakelijke betalingsverkeer gescheiden van je privé-inkomsten en -uitgaven door het openen van een aparte rekeningen. Een afschrijving is mthruf resume het in de boekhouding tot uitdrukking brengen van de waardedaling van een bedrijfsmiddel over design een bepaalde periode. Service! Doordat je machines gebruikt zullen ze slijten. Office Design! Ook zal de waarde van je gebouw of essaye de ne, vrachtwagens in de loop van de jaren afnemen. Essay! De waardevermindering van deze kapitaalgoederen wordt ook wel afschrijving of afschrijvingskosten genoemd. Er wordt steeds afschrijving toegepast om de slijtage door het gebruik tot uitdrukking te brengen.

Deze afschrijving vormt een kostenpost in mthruf resume, de Winst- en Verliesrekening en leidt dus tot een lager resultaat. Bekijk de mogelijkheden van Qredits. Ondernemingsplan template downloaden. Als je een onderneming wilt beginnen, is office design het verstandig eerst een ondernemingsplan te maken. Qredits wil je hier graag mee op weg helpen. E-learning Ondernemingsplan Schrijven. Deze e-learning laat jou nadenken over mthruf resume je onderneming. Je krijgt volop inspiratie en voorbeelden.

Na afloop download je een kant en klaar plan. Vind je het moeilijk om je eigen ondernemingsplan op te stellen? Twijfel je of het goed is? Een coach helpt je bij het structureren van je ideeen. Qredits helpt ondernemers bij het succesvol starten van en investeren in descriptive, hun bedrijf.

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10 Modern-Day Heroes Actively Changing The World. As children we all had our favorite superheroes. We loved them, worshipped them, pretended to be them, dressed like them and even talked like them. Now that we’re adults, we are all too well aware that heroes are in high demand but can rarely be found. The overwhelming ugliness and depravity found everywhere in the world today, has desensitized us to the point where hardly anything seems shocking or repulsive anymore. Luckily we don’t need superpowers or a cape to make a difference in descriptive office essay, the world. To accomplish heroic acts, all we need is a willing mind and a willing heart. Many of the courageous, self-sacrificing people on this list were nominated as CNN heroes. They have all proven that an ordinary person can achieve extraordinary feats and make a difference in a letter about good, the lives of others. The absence of clean water and its consequent illnesses kills more children every year than HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined. These and other water crisis statistics encouraged Hendley, who was working as a barman, to design essay, raise money by pouring wine to promote and support water projects worldwide.

As of a letter about customer 2004 his non-profit organization, Wine to Water, has worked in Sudan, India, Cambodia, Uganda, Ethiopia, Peru, South Africa and Kenya and they have implemented sustainable drinking water initiatives for thousands of office design essay people. The organization also responded to the 2010 Haiti earthquake by implementing water purification systems in write good customer service, the disaster areas. The organization also provides training to local workers in office design, installing water purification systems, digging, fixing and maintaining wells and more. To date they have dug hundreds of wells in Cambodia, Africa and Peru—always making use of local workers to stimulate the economy. Jorge Munoz arrived in America as an study research illegal immigrant in the early #8217;80s. He became a citizen in 1987.

One evening as he left a bar he noticed all the descriptive office design essay, destitute and illegal day laborers and the flame in essaye de ne, his heart was lit. He found out that most of the men sleep under a bridge or in descriptive office design, the Elmhurst Hospital’s emergency room and skimped on meals in order to send money to their loved ones at home. Since then, he has been cooking enough food to feed dozens of day laborers in Queens which he delivers at the corner of Roosevelt Avenue and 73rd Street in Jackson Heights every evening at 21:30. Munoz delivers the mthruf resume, warm, cooked meals in rain, snow, thunder and design essay lightning. He estimates that he has served food to more than 70,000 people since 2004. The whole operation is financed from the $600 he receives weekly for driving a school bus and donations. On August 4, 2010, Munoz was awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal by President Barack Obama. Aki Ra was a very young boy when he was chosen by the Khmer Rouge to become a child soldier. He laid thousands of mthruf resume mines and fought for descriptive office the Khmer Rouge until 1983. During his time in the Cambodian army he received landmine clearance training with the walt governance study, United Nations and heard his true calling. Office Design Essay. Without any demining tools, he started to illegally clear and defuse mines and walt disney corporate governance study UXO’s in the areas he had fought with nothing but a knife, Leatherman and a stick.

As his name and work became known, tourists flocked to his home to see the collection of defused artillery. Descriptive Design. Charging a dollar per research person the Cambodia Landmine Museum came into being. To open the museum, Aki Ra had to office design essay, cease his illegal clearing of the mines, but was able to establish a NGO—Cambodian Self Help Demining (CSHD) – and he is now certified to do his life’s work. Yin Case Research. Over the course of time, Aki Ra also adopted many of the injured and abandoned children he found in the villages he visited and today 29 children lives at the Cambodia Landmine Relief Center. Pushpa Basnet was an undergraduate in Social Work when she had to visit a female prison in Kathmandu as part of a college assignment. Descriptive Office Design Essay. The sight of the prisoners’ children living behind bars along with their mothers urged her on to raise enough money to start The Early Development Center (ECDC) and Butterfly Home.

These non-profit organizations provide a day-care program to the children and are a residential home for the older children to live in david foster is water, throughout the year. Descriptive Essay. Pushpa’s organizations also aid and provide these children with school enrollment, meals and medical care. As of 2009 she is also teaching the essaye, incarcerated women handcrafts so as to enable them to descriptive design, generate an income to contribute towards raising their children. Walt Governance. To date she has assisted more than 100 children. Eugene and Minhee Cho have always been aware of the imbalances in the world. Design Essay. It was only when they started traveling and saw with their own eyes the “faces” of the people living in essay sad story, extreme poverty, that they founded One Day’s Wages—A non-profit organization based on the principal of donating one day’s wages to uplift and enable those in need. In 2009 they donated their entire yearly income to their cause just to let people know they wouldn#8217;t ask something of others if they weren#8217;t willing to do it themselves.

To date, they have funded over 40 projects and in design, doing so have given nutritional support, provided HIV treatment and care, improved access to maternal care, provided clean water, funded lifesaving heart surgeries and provided an education to mthruf resume, hundreds of descriptive office design essay individuals globally. Narayanan Krishnan was an this is water award-winning chef on his way to a very bright future when the sight of an old and destitute man eating his own human waste out of hunger put his life on a different course. He quit his job during the next week and within a year he had founded the Akshaya Trust, which feeds and take care of the destitute and mentally disabled people in Mandurai, Tamil Nadu. He prepares and serves three warm and fresh vegetarian meals every day, which he often hand feeds to the people that he seeks out under bridges and other desolate and abandoned spots. Krishnan also carries a comb, scissor and razor with him to provide extra dignity to those he cares for. Today, Krishnan sleeps in Akshaya’s kitchen along with his co-workers, he has no income and scrapes by with the support of his parents. To date he has served more than 1.2m meals to India’s destitute. Design. Whilst traveling in India in essaye pas rire, 1979, Marc Gold met a woman suffering from a terrible ear infection. He paid $1 for her antibiotics and descriptive essay a further $30 for a hearing aid that restored her hearing. It was at that moment that he came to the realization that you can do a lot with almost nothing. On his arrival back home, he sent letters to 100 friends and asked for donations he could use during his next trip.

To date, Marc has been on yin case study research 22 missions in 67 countries; he has raised nearly $600,000 and has purchased everything from bicycles and descriptive office rice to this is water, sewing machines, schools and descriptive office design essay mosquito nets. As founder and director of the mthruf resume, 100 Friends Project he simply goes looking for problems in the slums, at hospitals, clinics and orphanages. His only request is that recipients give back by helping others. In 1984 Dr. Rick Hodes went to essay, Ethiopia to do relief work during the famine. He originally planned on working there for walt disney corporate governance one year, but after realizing the African people’s extreme needs and knowing that he was uniquely qualified to help them, he stayed. After almost three decades, he still practices at hospitals in Addis Ababa and Gondor. He has served tens of thousands of people through immunization, family planning, community health, nutritional support and his specialist field—spine deformities. He was also partly responsible in ensuring the safe immigration of 14,000 Ethiopians via a historic airlift to descriptive essay, Israel in 48 hours. His greatest passion however, remains to volunteer at Mother Teresa’s Mission for the Destitute and Dying where he cares for critically ill children that others have abandoned.

During his time in Ethiopia he has adopted five children and mthruf resume he also supports and houses another fifteen whom he sees as part of his extended family. Raped at the age of six and orphaned by the age of descriptive office nine, Betty Makoni somehow managed to stay strong, survive and put herself through school by selling fruits and vegetables. In 1999 she founded the Girl Child Network (GCN) in response to Zimbabwe’s pandemic of essaye pas rire child sexual abuse, especially that of young girls. Her organization is spread over 35 of Zimbabwe’s 58 districts. Descriptive Essay. She has clubs at essaye de ne pas rire, schools that informs girls and encourages them to descriptive design essay, speak out and report on abuse.

She has also built three “empowerment villages” or homes for abuse victims whom she feeds, provides with medical care and david foster this educates. She has fought against the exploitation and descriptive essay abuse of mthruf resume girls at the highest levels of society, in the process becoming a target of state harassment and receiving many death threats. To date, Betty has saved more than 7,000 (some estimates say as many as 35,000) girls from abuse, child labor, forced marriages, human trafficking and sexual assault. According to the United Nations, there were 185 documented attacks on schools and hospitals in 2012 by armed groups opposed to girls’ education. According to descriptive design essay, Razia Jan, she hears about girls attacked with acid or being poisoned every single day. Despite the threats, she opens the mthruf resume, doors of her Zabuli Education Center every school day. In this 2-storey, 14-room building, 354 girls from the surrounding seven villages are receiving a free education. To keep students safe, Razia’s school is surrounded by a stone wall, there are guards and staff that open and descriptive essay inspect classrooms every day to check the walt governance case, air and water quality. They are so scared of poisoning that children are accompanied to the bathrooms to make sure they do not drink tap water. At the Zabuli Education Center, one year’s tuition fees per girl are $300. Razia covers the school fees through donations made to her non-profit organization, Razia’s Ray of Hope, based in the USA.

Hestie lives in Pretoria, South Africa. She is in absolute awe of the people on this list and the work that they do. Follow us on descriptive design Facebook or subscribe to david foster wallace essay this, our daily or weekly newsletter so you don't miss out on our latest lists.

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CMA Entrance Exam Curriculum by Parts and Topics. In order to become a CMA in office design, the US, you have to go through the CMA entrance exam. What exactly does it cover? Is it very difficult? Let’s take a look. The exam is 100% computerized with 100 multiple choice questions and two 30-minute essay questions. It consists of the following parts: Financial Planning, Performance and Control Financial Decision Making. Candidates are free to foster is water take either one or both parts of the descriptive office design exam within the same test windows.

The exams have to be completed within 3 years, counting from the date the candidates pay the entrance fee. New CMA Exam Format Effective 2015. This page is now updated with the latest syllabus. The 3 major changes are: Additional content related to external financial reporting in Part 1 A new section on strategic planning included in Planning, budgeting and forecasting in Part 1 Professional ethics now tested only in Part 2. Candidates who took the david essay exam before 2015 and would like more details on the changes, please check out the summary on IMA website or detailed version on this site. CMA Exam Part 1. External financial reporting (15%) Planning, budgeting, and forecasting (30%) Performance management (20%) Cost management (20%) Internal controls (15%)

Financial statement analysis (25%) Corporate finance (20%) Decision analysis (20%) Risk management (10%) Investment decisions (15%) Professional ethics (10%) External Financial Reporting Decision. New to the CMA exam covering basis of financial accounting. Descriptive Office? Preparation of yin case study financial statements. Design? Valuation of assets and liabilities. Operating and mthruf resume, capital leases. Impact of equity transactions. Descriptive Essay? Revenue recognition; income measurement; major differences between U.S. Write Good Customer Service? GAAP and office essay, IFRS.

Planning, budgeting, and forecasting. How to narrative sad story annual profit plans and supporting schedules. Different types of budget e.g. Design? activity-based budgeting, project budgeting and de ne, flexible budgeting. Top-level planning and descriptive office essay, analysis. Pas Rire? Forecasting including quantitative methods e.g. regression analysis and descriptive office, learning curves.

How to analyze the finance statement items such as revenue, cost, profit and investment in david wallace essay this is water, assets. Variance analysis based on flexible budgets and standard costs. Responsibility accounting for revenue, cost, contribution and profit centers. Balanced scorecards. Cost concepts, flows and terminology. Alternative cost objectives. Cost measurement concepts. Descriptive Office? Cost accumulation system e.g. job order costing, process costing, activity-based costing. Overhead cost allocation. Operational efficiency and business process performance topics e.g. JIT, MRP, theory of constraints, value chain analysis, benchmarking, ABM and continuous improvement.

Risk assessment Internal control environment, procedures and standards. Responsibility and a letter about good customer service, authority of internal auditing. Types of audits. Assessing the adequacy of accounting information systems control. Financial Statement Analysis. Principal financial statements and their uses. Limitation of financial statement information. Descriptive Office Design? Interpretation and analysis of narrative financial statement e.g. ratio and comparative analyses. Design Essay? Market value vs book value. Fair value accounting.

Major difference between IFRS and mthruf resume, US GAAP. Off-balance sheet financing. Descriptive Office Design Essay? Cash-flow statement preparation, analysis and mthruf resume, reconciliation. Earnings quality. Types of risk. Measures of descriptive design essay risk. Portfolio management. Options and futures.

Capital instruments for long-term financing. Dividend policy. Disney Corporate Governance? Factors influencing the optimal capital structure. Descriptive Essay? Cost of capital. Managing and write a letter about customer, financing working capital. Descriptive? Mergers and acquisitions. A Letter Customer Service? International finance. Relevant data concepts. Cost-volume-profit analysis. Marginal analysis.

Make vs buy decisions. Pricing. Income tax implications for operational decision analysis. ERM. Operational risk, Hazard risk and financial risk and strategic risk. Cash flow estimates.

Concepts of DCF (discounted cash flow), net present value, IRR (internal rate of return). Essay? Non-discounting analysis techniques. Income tax implications for investment decisions. Ranking investment projects. Risk analysis. Real options. Valuation models.

Ethical consideration for both management accountants and the organization. Next Reading: The Exam’s Format. Structure and Duration. Exam content, pass rate trend and mthruf resume, difficulty of: For specific information on descriptive office design essay the CMA entrance exam together with study tips and exam tactics, please consider signing up for our free mini course here: Join us if you want to get tips on how to plan, study and pass your CMA exam… on your first attempt! Hi…i am a Indian CA. Want 2 knw frm whr wud i get study material for CMA. David Foster? And for which exam should i appear 1st CPA or CMA? Hi Hiral, you can check out this page for CMA review courses:

I am working in Eaton corporation since 5 years as a finanacial analyst i am pursuing mba finance and in third sem i am holding a bachelors in accounting .and also doing cfa level 1. so to get exemptions should i first do my masters in descriptive design, accounting ? or do you suggest to do acca or cima ? which one is best ? how cma will help me and how average time does it take to complete cma ?Kindly advise. Hi Mahesh, given there are only 2 papers in the CMA exam nowadays, I don’t think there is any exemption (because it’s kind of david foster wallace essay this hard to waive half of the exam). I would just focus on getting it done based on the knowledge you gained from the other professional exams. CFA level one is especially useful for the CMA exam. Once you are a CMA you can waive 9 papers out descriptive design essay, of the 14 required in ACCA: ‘100% computerized’ means that even the de ne 2 required essays need to be typed? Thanks in descriptive office, advance! That’s correct, and you are welcome!

Stephanie. I already passed Canada CMA Entrance exam, just wonder is that any help on my USA CAM or CPA? Thank you so much for your kind help! Hi Maggie, I am not 100% but sounds like it isn’t helpful to foster wallace essay get prerequisite or waiver form either the US CMA. I am 100% sure it won’t work for US CPA. In fact, CMA Canada is descriptive essay good enough for management accounting qualification. I would say you only need to look for CPA if you want an additional credential. We have a lot more info on yin case research the US CPA exam here:

Do you require work experience to qualify for CMA exam? I am afraid then i won’t be eligible for descriptive, this exam, i have done my Bachelors in Commerce. Hi Monica, if you have bachelors in Commerce, you are qualified! Check out this link and see if your school is on the list: If so, then you can apply any time. More info here: If not, you can go through the david essay is water evaluation agencies to get your transcript evaluated with an extra fee. Both ways should work. Good luck! Stephanie.

Hi, I am from Iran. Would you please tell me where can I sit for the CMA exam? Hi Elala, I don’t seem to descriptive design be able to find a prometric center in narrative essay, Iran, so I won’t be able to give you a direct answer. Please contact either the prometric center (administrator of exam site) or IMA for details. i am a graduate of accounting and design, an ACCA Holder with 3years audit experience in a “BIG 4” professional services firm. Foster Essay Is Water? i am looking to sit for essay, the CMA this year. My questions are: 1. David Foster Essay This? Are there exemptions for ACCA Holders for any of the CMA exam parts?

2. What opportunities are available for CMA holders in USA precisely TEXAS…..I mean are lucrative jobs readily available for CMA Holder in Texas like it is for the CPA Holders. Hello, if you are a ACCA holder then you are automatically qualified to take the CMA exam, but there is design no exemption on the exam itself. Afterall there are only two parts and it’s pretty hard to get 50-100% exemptions. On general job opportunities in Texas, sorry I don’t have an answer since I don’t live in that state, but you can take a look at write this salary report compiled by IMA among IMA members in the US: I will also work on office an analysis based on narrative essay this report shortly. My name is Hanan AK and i have done MBA, am 29 years old and working at descriptive office essay a Chartered Accountancy firm as an auditor junior (Internee). Case Study? Due to my 5 years gap in studies I am confused, all I want to do combination of studies which will ultimately lead me to high paid jobs in finance sector…am interested to do CMA than CFA. please let me know is it a good combination? why am considering CMA because it’s more into management line, you can say advance version of MBA and CFA is a standard. what you think, please guide me.

Also I heard that after completing CMA (USA), CFA level 1 is exempted. Is it true. Please reply me asap. Office Design? so i can join classes for CMA which is going to start after 1 week. CMA is good for management (or general) accounting roles in corporations especially those with manufacturing capacity and deals with costing and inventory. It is also good if you aim for strategic planning or management roles in big multinational corporations. If this is what you are generally aiming for, then CMA is an excellent choice. CFA would make sense if you go for asset management, hedge funds and financial analyst in investment bank.

It is a very different career path. In terms of the exam, there are overlap in Part 2 of CMA and study research, Level 1 of CFA, but I haven’t heard of an exemption… Your work deserves high appreciation for guiding to this extent. I’ve a question. I’m ACCA (finalist) and would like to sit for CMA in descriptive, September. Is it manageable to de ne pas rire sit for both parts in one sitting or do you advise giving one at a time. Office Essay? I believe I’ve above average understanding of all the concepts in both parts. But still need courage for giving both at once.

Your reply shall be appreciated. Keep the hard work up. Hi Ali, thanks for your note! I am sure there were people doing both parts together and succeeded. Disney Governance Case Study? I didn’t do it for CMA, but I took 4 parts of the CPA exam within two days (and passed). It all depends on your time commitment and your dedication, and some luck I guess #128578;

I have completed MBA finance from USA, am in New Delhi. Interested in doing CMA can you please guide me how and essay, were to start and governance case, what will be total fee. Please refer to office design essay these pages for details: Am a BCom graduate from Bangalore university in India. I have checked on study research the url provided on 2013 handbook and my university is listed. I would like to understand what immediate steps do I need to satisfy Educational qualification to be eligible for descriptive, CMA certification. Really appreciate your help on wallace essay this. Hi Sutej, you have pretty much satisfied the qualification requirement, which means you can take the descriptive office essay Part 1 and disney corporate study, 2 of the exam anytime. After that, in order to descriptive become a CMA, 2 years of experience in mthruf resume, the relevant field is required. More info here: MAYANK CHOPRA says.

I am a Chartered Accountant (India) have undergone 3 years of training in the field of auditing, assurance taxation. Further I have 3 years of experience post qualifying my Chartered Accountancy Degree. I want to ask will my above mentioned experience is valid to set off my 2 years experience requirement for CMA. Thanks in advance. Hi Mayank, sounds like you can! (but better check with IMA to confirm) Stephanie. I am a chartered accountant from India and have got 2 years post qualification experience. I am currently based out in design, Hongkong and research, facing the challenges to get a stable job in descriptive, the required field. Thought to pursue CPA US but seems like 2012 have been a bad year for essay, ppl like me as the US CPA rules changed drastically. But now when i saw CMA then just a question. Office Design? If I qualify CMA then Can I get some credit hours in order to walt disney study become eligible for CPA US Uniform exam.

I cant afford to go for regular MBA here in hongkong its too way expensive and i just got married I am looking for something which doesnt hold me for a long. Can you suggest me some better options and ultimately CPA US. Eagerly waiting for your response. Do reply !! I hear you… CMA could be an option but to be honest, this qualification will likely be recognized only in descriptive office essay, big, US based corporations in Hong Kong. Also, CMA cannot be used to waive any requirement for CPA (only these statutory qualifications can:

If you can get hold of essay a HKICPA membership, then yes, there is descriptive design a quick way to become a US CPA… but I would think that process takes even longer. You don’t need a US CPA qualification to work in Hong Kong. It might be hard with an Indian qualification, but talk to headhunters and yin case study, see their suggestions. Office Essay? Can’t think of walt corporate a quick way to find a job for descriptive, you for now, but if I do I will drop a note here again. Mthruf Resume? Best of luck! Stephanie.

Thanks a lot for descriptive office essay, your response. At least I got some clarity in a way that only degree will not make a differences. I am very much depressed at the moment so able to take wrong decision…I was thinking if not CPA then CMA or any other course. but Yeah…that not worth… If possible can you advice me some qualification which can help me improve my CV in terms of qualifications. I might be creating more work for you. Apologies for the same !!

But will be thankful if you can give me a right path. Hi Deepika, can’t really think of a qualification at the moment. Is there a MRA between Indian CA and mthruf resume, ACCA? ACCA is also well recognized in Hong Kong (not as good as it used to be, but good enough). Otherwise, I would just focus on getting started with any accounting job in Hong Kong. Work in smaller company first, then move on to bigger ones if preferred. Qualifications help but in my opinion, a good resume + good interview is equally if not more important in your case. Sorry about office design this…But You know My cousin we both are of same age she also finished here bachelors with me from Delhi university, and joined Deloitte in Delhi, India. Wallace? And she did her CPA than. I am curious to know how can she be eligible for CPA Exams if she also had the descriptive office design same qualification (Eradicating ICAI completely from my education) I remember she did that in 2009 2010. Can you please help me resolve this puzzle.

Hello Deepika, no problem, and it is an easy question for me to answer. Mthruf Resume? The state boards made a lot of changes around 2012. Since then, Indian Charter accountancy and descriptive design essay, ACCA are no longer considered equivalent to mthruf resume a US bachelor degree. Descriptive Design? In other words, they see these qualifications as professional instead of educational. Stephanie. I have a B.S. in narrative essay sad story, Organizational Management, and an MBA specialized in design essay, Accounting with about 5 years of relevant accounting work experience. I have worked primarily in study, the Manufacturing field, so Cost Accounting has been my main focus, although I have had responsibility for most accounting processes at some point. Descriptive Essay? Would I be able to qualify to take the CMA exam with these credentials.

Yes John, you are definitely qualified to take the essaye pas rire exam, and since you are in manufacturing it should be a qualification valued in your company and industry. Office Essay? Please let me know if I can be helpful along the way! Stephanie. sofia iqbal says. I just need to know that I am acca finalist. De Ne? am I eligible for descriptive essay, cma exams and whats the passing criteria for the exam.thanks. Hi Sofia, if you are not a full ACCA member yet, you’ll need to go through the same exam requirement as the others, i.e. having a bachelor degree. For details please check out this page:

Hi…. I have done from India having 2 years experience as an Accounts Payable Associate. Now I was planning to go for either CPA or CMA . I did check out information for narrative sad story, both and I guess for CPA one need to have masters degree. Please advice if part time MBA ( Finance ) would work to get into CPA course . Also if i give CMA exam in India will it be accepted in US ? Thanks in advance for your reply. Hi, I have subscribed to descriptive office essay your CMA course and getting the updates and insight in CMA. I am pursuing Bachelors in foster wallace essay is water, Commerce (Second year) University of Pune(India).

I will finish B.Com around March 2016. So shall I take CMA exam in office design essay, May-June testing window? My University is listed on the said portal. Essaye? I am appearing for Chartered Accountancy(intermediate) second time, had no luck first time inspite of hard work. Design? I look at CMA as a serious option to yin case study research CA in India as I want to go to the US and earn big. Hope CMA lets me do that? About study hours and commitment I am ready. Most of the descriptive design essay syllabus is covered in our CA Inter portion so I dont have to start from a scratch. I read the entire work experience stuff, and wanted to know whether the MNCs or corporations in yin case research, the US are open to CMA’s and CMA’s who are seeking work experience too??

Moreover, where can I get to interact with people (US and Indians) who have become CMAs in the recent past as I want to descriptive essay know about how efficiently one CMA get 2years experience there AND how much the CMA’s are in demand. How much the CMA US is relevant globally. The salary analysis in USA wasn’t that helpful for me. I observed that most people in big companies hold many degrees ALONG WITH CMA… So I just want to reassure. As you know, one wants to be highly aware about mthruf resume In’s and Out’s while chasing ones dreams. Also, one last thing, I wish to join coaching classes for CMA around Oct2015. Descriptive Office? I went through Orbit Institutes(affiliated to Becker USA), Morgan, And Miles (affiliated to WILEY). I am pretty confused because their record and info seems so similar. As you see I have almost an year to join CMA course, take sufficient time and essay, please get back to me. Your website is descriptive design essay very efficient and you are a very knowledgeable person yourself.

I trust you the most and will be in write a letter about good, contact TILL I enroll and office essay, complete my CMA AND after that too. Wallace Essay Is Water? #128578; Thank you very much! See ya! Thanks for office design essay, your note. You can certainly take exam the May-June testing window if you are qualified. The question is more on mthruf resume whether the CMA qualification is beneficial to you. I would say CMA (and any other certifications) cannot guarantee jobs, because it takes a lot more factors when getting a job. Having said that, it is helpful especially if you want to descriptive essay work in big MNCs, and those with manufacturing base and yin case study research, needs to deal with inventory and costing. On the descriptive essay other hand, service oriented companies e.g. Write A Letter Good Customer Service? banks are not as useful. You are most welcome to chat with other on design my facebook page at On coaching classes, I generally recommend online review course.

It isn’t that live classes are not good; but it is hard for me to essaye de ne pas rire evaluate the office essay quality of the instructors because they move around a lot. If you get stuck with a bad one, it’s really frustrating and a waste of time. You are correct that the offering seems so similar, because they are simply using review materials that you can get online yourself anyway. So, if you are like me who are fine with self-study, I encourage you take a look at de ne pas rire the online review courses. Descriptive Office Design? It is not as convenient but you can still ask questions via email through the customer support.

Some providers, such as Gleim, has a personal counselor to handle your questions directly. Here are more details: Note: Becker has stopped providing CMA course since 2006. I am not sure how this Orbit Institute can have an de ne pas rire affiliate with something no longer exist. But they may have affiliation with Becker on other products. In general candidates should be able to pass within a year if put enough time and dedication to the study. There are two parts but 4 testing windows, allowing you to descriptive office design essay retake twice if necessary.

Hope it helps! Stephanie. hi Sorry i just posted almost an essay and bothering again. I have heard the Institute of Cost Works Accountants of India(ICWAI) now know as IMA only, has made a tie up with IMA US. So if I appear for mthruf resume, CMA exams out of india I get the descriptive design essay certification of BOTH. So my one exam is helpful to work in India on a good pay AND USA too.

Kindly ponder over mthruf resume, it and if I’m wrong, please guide me. Design Essay? If I’m right, guide me still. You’re the walt disney governance study best! A one person hub for all related updated info. You are correct.

Please take a look at design this article for details: Hi.. Can you please advice me the corporate complete details for CMA syllabus and descriptive, tests details… Would be great if you could help me… Hi Cheenu, here is the updated information on Part 1 and study research, Part 2 syllabus: Also please advice if Accounts Payable Associate Experience will be counted for design, taking CMA Exam as i went through the handbook of CMA in which it was mentioned that only below mentioned areas will be covered under valid work experience. ” Qualifying experience consists of positions requiring judgments regularly made. employing the principles of write about management accounting and essay, financial management. Such employment includes: • Preparation of financial statements. • Financial planning analysis.

• Monthly, quarterly, and year end close. • Auditing (external or internal) • Budget preparation reporting. • Manage general ledger and balance sheets. • Company investment decision making. Hi Cheenu, it depends whether your role involves analysis or only write a letter about good customer service routine work. I suggest that you email IMA with a detailed description of your job and see if they pre-approve your experience. Please note that ultimately you need to submit a signed verification form so the description has to be accurate.

Good luck! Hi Stephanie… thanks for descriptive office, the information.. need a little help again as i went through the IMA official site but could not find the exact address to which I should contact for my query regarding work experience… Please help me on walt disney corporate governance study that … Hello Cheenu, you can email IMA at [email protected] If you have applied for descriptive design essay, membership, it is helpful to include your membership number. Hanish Manoj says. I took my CMA part 2 exam yesterday. The difficulty level was lesser than I had anticipated thanks to walt corporate study your website and my 20 hours per week – 2 months preparation using Gleim. I am confident that I did pretty well in the MCQs.

The essay section was general in nature and had a total of 9 questions covering 2 scenarios. Descriptive? However I was able to attempt only essay this is water 8 questions for want of descriptive office time which is haunting me now. In a liklihood scenario of a score of 80% plus in MCQs and a satisfactory performance of 8 questions in essay section and 1 question not attempted, do you think the results would go against me? Please provide a frank feedback. Hi Hanish, if you have completed 8 out narrative essay, of the 9 questions in descriptive office design essay, the essay, it’s 89% completion rate. Sounds pretty good to yin case study me.

Give yourself a big hand! Stephanie. what is the new syllabus for CMA in 2015 please provide details. Please find the articles here: Hii, iam a 2 student. With my plus two class itself iam registered for office essay, CMA foundation course to become a cma in my young age. Is it possible to run my cma foundation with my plus two class?? Iam also trying to take my master degree with cma courses.. Is it possible to me in walt disney study, my young age 18. Hi Muhsin, please note that there is no “CMA foundation course” in the US CMA exam.

You can take courses offered by some commercial review course providers, or take the exam right away. For the syllabus of the exam, please refer to these two pages: First of all, thank you for maintaining this informative site. I have a question concerning the criteria to sit for office essay, the exams. Can one still sit and essaye pas rire, write the office essay CMA exams even though their educational requirements status is essaye still shown as “pending” or do students have to have this status shown as “complete” before being allowed to sit and write the exams?

Hi Dave, I believe it is ok if pending means they haven’t received your official transcript. I had the essay situation myself back then and yin case study, was able to register for the exam. But if pending means you do not have a bachelor degree, it’s another story… hope it helps! Stephanie. I AM INDIAN CITIZEN. I HAVE B, SC IN SCIENCE MATHS AND MBA IN FINANCE. SO I DONT HAVE A GRADUATION DEGREE IN COMMERCE BUT A POST GRADUATE DEGREE IN FINANCE. SO I AM ELIGIBLE FOR CMA EXAM OR NOT, SECONDLY I WANT TO KNOW IF I WANT EXTRA CREDIT HOURS (REQUIREMENT FOR CPA) WHICH COURSE I CAN PURSUE SITTING FROM INDIA.

I ALSO WANT TO KNOW IRS ENROLLED AGENT COURSE WILL HELP ME IN GAINING EXTRA CREDIT HOURS OR NOT. ALSO TELL ME CAN I FILE TAX RETURNS US US PEOPLE SITTING IN INDIA AFTER CLEARING SEE EXAM. I am a Graduate (Bachelor in Commerce) from Mumbai University. Descriptive? I want to pursue CMA but I am not able to research make a decision on design essay the fact that whether this certification will land me a good job or not ? Please I would like to write a letter service know your opinion. Hi Anuja, it’s a good question. I would say it depends on where you plan to work, and in which industry / the type of companies. Here is a recent post that you may find helpful: Halan Manoj Kumar says. Hi Stephanie.

Its almost months since I had posted in your valuable site. All because of a combination of pleasant and unpleasant happenings. I would like to share the former first. Office? I passed my Part 2 CMA with a score of 400 and the results came way back in narrative essay sad story, Dec 2014. The unpleasant happening is that I fell ill for almost a month which disruputed my Part 1 study flow for the entire Jan 2015.

For various professional reasons, I somehow wanted to descriptive office design essay finish it off within this window. Last 1 month gave all my energy in my preparation with lots of personal sacrifices as I had to cover the lost time of pas rire Jan. Moreover 50% of the concepts were new to me as I have no experience in costing and budgeting. My performance in Gleim has been fluctuating between 65% to design 75%. Fingers crossed . Today (22/2) I will be giving my Part 1. Thanks so much for your sharing! I hope the exam went well. Yin Case Study? It is amazing that you can get to that level while getting sick and facing lots of design essay new materials. Mthruf Resume? Let’s keep our fingers crossed and see the results in a few weeks. Halan Manoj Kumar says.

Definitely. Office Design Essay? I am glad that my experience is a motivation to de ne pas rire exam takers. I have completed my Bachelors in Commerce degree from India and then did an Indian CPA. As it is mentioned the office design CPA is mthruf resume a bit tough to descriptive design get in and I didn’t want to do CPA immediately. I came across your article. I have an internship and was employed for one year as a part of an Indian CPA – do you think it would count for about good customer service, CMA?Please let me know. Generally internships cannot be counted towards the office essay experience requirement, and IMA requires that you work on 2 consecutive years. You don’t need to essay sad story get this done right away though, because most people take the exam first and then work on descriptive office essay to fulfill the experience requirements afterwards. Regards, Stephanie.

Halan Manoj Kumar says. My Part 1 Exam which I gave on Feb 22, 2015 was not bad. Hoping for the best. Meanwhile I am glad to share that my education (science post graduate) and professional experience have been approved by IMA. Having passed Part 2 in Dec 2014 I am left with the final hurdle of Part 2 results. That’s great! Looking forward to good news from sad story you #128578; Stephanie. I appeared for the cma part 1 and part 2 examination in the month of descriptive design Feb, 2015. when will I be receiving my results?

Halan Manoj Kumar says. Glad to share with you that my CMA part 1 results are out and I have passed with a score of essay is water 370. Office? Albeit was hoping for study research, a pass I was still keeping my fingers crossed as I had to face an acute sinusitis issue during my preparation days on account of which my Gleim practice results were hovering around 65%-70%. Having passed part 2 in descriptive design, Dec 2014 with a score of 400 and utilised the waiting period to get the mthruf resume other formalities like fulfillment of academic and descriptive office design, experience requirement I can have a sigh of relief. My secret to success is consistent study and practice using Gleim and narrative essay, whenever I am held back I get few doses of motivation by going through your site. My heartfelt and sincere thanks to you. Your website has been one of the major contributors towards my CMA success.

Halan that’s wonderful news! Can I move your comment to the success story page? So your story can inspire others #128578; Stephanie. Halan Manoj Kumar says. Definitely yes. I am really honoured to be a part of success story page. Shreeya Sharma says. I wanted to know what is the marking scheme of the descriptive questions, both MCQs and essay questions and whether there is essaye a negative marking. Hello, all questions are positively graded, and for details on how the descriptive office design essay exam is graded, please check out this page: Shreeya Sharma says.

Pl also enlighten me upon the fees structure per attempt including coaching fees and walt study, exam fees in descriptive design essay, total. Please refer to this page for CMA exam cost breakdown: Is there any exemption for icaew or CPA USA after complete cma? Hi Hassnain, the answer is no for CPA exam. Not too sure about ICAEW. Regards, Stephanie. I want to ask what is difference bw a person who have working experience n non experience person who just passed cma both parts. Is experience give addition advantage?

If yes so how? Hi Hassnain, in terms of taking the exam with or without the experience, if you have very relevant jobs e.g. in cost accounting, it does help because the exam questions do cover real business situations. If what you mean is whether the mthruf resume experience or the lack of it has any impact on your CMA certification, then the answer is office design definitely yes because without fulfilling the experience, you cannot call yourself a CMA. Passing the exam is only half way. There is nothing like a “CMA affiliate” for those who only pass the exam. Mthruf Resume? Regards, Stephanie. I have done Bachelor of office Commerce 02 years ( which called pass bachelor degree in international standards ) and my university is right in wallace essay is water, list of approved institutions . Essay? Plus I have MBA – Marketing 02 years onward from private university which is not listed in said list. and I got more than 10 years of accountings experience . my question here will my bachelor degree of 02 years acceptable ? kindly reply me asap , so I can start up to IMA procedure of registration. thank you in advance. Hi ReDa, I believe your BCOM + MBA should be fine, but I suggest to double check with IMA. It’s always good to be prudent #128578;

They can be reached at [email protected] Copying the above and mthruf resume, paste it in your email to IMA is fine. Descriptive Office Essay? Regards, Stephanie. I’m actually studying Gleim part 1. Mthruf Resume? I’m facing difficulties in learning curves. Office? Concept is easy, simple question I can answer no problem. Study? However, when it gets a little complicated it gets really hard for me. First there’s so many different question can be asked from so many different angles. Second the book is no help at all, I tried some youtube videos but still can’t get it well. No worries, as this is descriptive office design a common issue among candidates when they start studying.

If you are fine with the concepts, then the next steps is to work on the practice questions so you know how to apply the concepts to practice, no matter which angle the examiners try to test you. This is a necessary step for candidates to mthruf resume pass the exam. I wanted to know. Will I get cma certificate if I finish my 2 years of work experience from office 2 different well reputed companies. eg:- Upto 1st year from ABC company and mthruf resume, from 2nd year onwards from another XYZ company. Hi Shrinivas, as long as it is continuous (i.e. no breaks in between), it should be ok. Descriptive Office? You can also double check with IMA directly. Cheers, Stephanie.

Good Morning. Pas Rire? I just registered with your Website. pls find below my question. 1.) I graduated in Yr 2002 in Mechanical Engineering. I have been working since Jan 2003. Descriptive? Worked. in various Companies across various streams. Since Yr 2010 till date I am working as a MIS Analyst in Banking. I basically create Reports for management and regulators. In these Six years I have started liking Finance domain and wasn’t sure about which certifcation should I do. After a lot of research I got to know about CMA and I want to write a letter about good customer Pursue a Certification in the same field. of CFA,CPA,CIA and descriptive office, CMA, I feel CMA is the david foster wallace this easiest and flexible. Right Now I am working for a Bank as an descriptive design essay MIS Analyst in walt disney case, Financial control Unit and want to pursue CMA Certification.

I just want to office design know whether I am Eligible for it and study, also is it right to start with CMA Certification. Will it help me in essay, my career in future. What are the types of Jobs that I can land in with CMA in future. It’s great to essaye pas rire know about your interest in descriptive office design, the CMA certification. Pas Rire? I am quite sure your current work as MIS analyst is fine to fulfill the requirements, but it is best to double check with IMA before the application. As for what kind of jobs CMAs do, I have this post on the details. As you see the job nature is very broad: When you sign up for the cma entrance fee, they send you a cma exam support package… what is this for? and is it useful? Yes Rob, I think so from what I remember. I can’t say it is enough to help you pass, but it’s helpful to descriptive office design essay kick start the pas rire process.

tapan patel says. I have just complated my bachelors in engineeering . Will i need any work experiecnce for cma. Yes you do, but you can do it after passing the essay exam. Here is the requirement and you can decide whether you are able to fulfill it sometime later: You will have a better time with the narrative essay cma math questions then those with general business degrees because of the intense math subject matter. I am in the midst of it now. Is it similar to gre or gmat math ……i am pretty good at descriptive that espciespecially data interpretation and statistics. I have never done either of those exams so I don’t know but you can ask if Stephanie if she can compare with those exams and this one. Tapan, I have done GMAT ages ago… I find it very different.

GMAT doesn’t require any knowledge in a subject (other than basic math and service, logic, of course). For CMA you must know accounting and other exam content. Regards, Stephanie. I’m in descriptive office design, th 4th grade of commerce faculty accounting section , and I’m in the first semester ,so I’m thinking about taking cma and study it in the second semester and taking the exam in October 2016 ,, give me some tips. Sure you can do that.

You may want to sign up for my free mini-course for tips: Thanks stephanie , how long can it take to study part 1 and david foster essay this, part 2 for average People and for advanced . Hi Ammar, the IMA suggests around 150 hours for descriptive essay, each part of the exam. In my opinion, if you are familiar with the exam topics, you don’t need as much. David Wallace This Is Water? Regards, Stephanie. hi.i want to ask sh0uld i chose part 2 or part 1? which one is eaiser to pass?? as statics show that part 2 is eaiser. and another i want to as.that i chose gelim or hock for study purpose. i have done MBA finance. Hi Hassnain, you may want to take the descriptive office one that you are more confident in. For example, if you are stronger in corporate finance, Part 2 may be easier and so could be your first one to take. Regards, Stephanie. thanks stephine, i have read part 2 outline. i am familar these concepts but dont have enough grip in it. tell me which book should i chose. Yin Case? gelim or hock? Hi Hassnain, whatever you feel more comfortable with!

The price is similar these days. Gleim has a free trials that you can sign on. Hock doesn’t have free trials (as they aren’t really deliver everything online) but there are samples to descriptive design download. Regards, Stephanie. I am pursuing Bcom final year in India , am I eligible to register for write a letter about good customer, CMA and write the exam before completing or I have to wait till my Bcom gets completed.

Hi Shashank, yes you can take the exam as a current student. In fact you will get discounted price on the exam fee. Having said that, after passing the exam, you will need to accumulate two years of experience, so you won’t be able to office call yourself a CMA at least after two years. narendra balapa says. hey der, this is pas rire narendra from india currently pursuing my final year at chennai. so i just wanna know if i’m eligible to sit for the cma course accredited by descriptive office the ima..and got another question how do i know if my college is recognised by ima. thanks in study, advance, appreciate it. Hi Narendra, you will find a link on this page that list out the “pre-approved” colleges in the eyes of the IMA: In case your school is not on descriptive office the list, it’s still ok as you can simply take an extra step and obtain a credential evaluation. You may sit for essay, the exam before graduation. Can get a student discount #128578; More info here: Monica Tiwari says. I’m CA ipc student have completed my graduation but not from the recognized university( SGBAU ) but I want to pursue CMA course residing in India can I register for the course if yes then what is the procedure to follow?

Hi Monica, you follow the steps here: but you may need to send in a credential evaluation report. Please seek the IMA for details on the report. Regards, Stephanie. Sairam Beeman says. Any body took CMA Part 2 in Jan 2017 window? Hi Sairam, I am sure there is, but what is your question?

You might want to drop a note on our Part 2 page instead: I have a question regarding pursuing CMA vs CPA vs CFA. I am a CA but into IT from last 10 years and currently working for descriptive, US based company. Will there be a benefit of doing any of this certification. Mthruf Resume? My intention is to switch my career to core Finance instead of IT. in Finance it could be costing or finance, I have not decided yet. I would like to know your expert opinion which could help me in descriptive design essay, getting equivalent job opportunities which I am having currently. Also my second ques is CPA and CMA recognized outside US?

CMA PROSPECT says. Thanks for all your support and hardwork! I’m from India and would like to self-study Its been 4 years since I last practised accounts, because of which I’m a little out of essay touch so I would need to work extra hard to brush up the fundamentals too. Rather than just for clearing the exams I would like to actually understand and learn so that I’m prepared to descriptive office essay handle anything practically especially when I would work in a firm. Which review system do you think would prepare me well? (I did try the free trials but still confused) I was thinking I would choose Gleim because of its better test prep software and its tougher practise questions like you mentioned in your blog.

And its much less expensive than Wiley. But I do need help with the essaye de ne basics as well, What would you advice? Which review system can better help us to clear both parts? Also since you said it’s better to register officially only descriptive after you’re prepared to take the exam, I thought of starting my preparation now, register officially with IMA for the course around November 2017 and take the exam in the Jan-Feb 2018 window. Foster Wallace Essay This? What do you think?

Hi CMA Prospect, thanks for your note! Yes Jan-Feb 2018 window sounds like a good timing for you. As for review courses, Gleim is great for office design essay, exam taking purposes. I understand how you’d like to learn the narrative sad story concepts too. I have to say Wiley does a slightly better job in office essay, that. Getting two review courses is expensive (and could be confusing), so I suggest that you go through the foster wallace this is water learning using Gleim as a base, and whenever you run into new or difficult concepts, look it up on Khan Academy or even youtube. Many of my readers are able to do that quite successfully.

For big sections such as financial or cost accounting, you may consider borrowing a text book (although I find watching online videos a better way to learn in my own case). You can give this a try and if this proves to office design be too much of a hassle, you can always get a Wiley book later. Hope it helps! Stephanie. CMA PROSPECT says. Thanks for your advice Stephanie. Would you say Wiley covers financial or cost accounting well? They claim 9/10 candidates clear the research exam with Wiley. Is that accurate? I was thinking of starting the descriptive office essay exam prep now and register with IMA for the program right before I take the exam, do you think that’s wise? Also thank you for taking the time to prepare a free Mini e-Course for de ne, all of us.

It is a tremendous help for anyone new to CMA. It covers all the necessary aspects we need to think and plan over and makes us well prepared to start our prep towards being a CMA. Hi CMA Prospect, Wiley should cover all syllabus meaning they will cover both financial accounting and essay, cost accounting. On whether 9 out of 10 is correct, I can’t imagine a big brand such as Wiley would lie but there are different interpretations on a letter “9 out of 10” e.g. could it be 8.5 or even 8.1 rounding up to descriptive office 9? No one knows to be honest. Write A Letter? I would say it is overall a solid set of review materials, and we have the pros and cons of major providers including Wiley here:

Yes you can get prepared first and design essay, then register for the exam around one month before the exam. Technically you can register close to the exam date, but the prometric center may run out of space. And glad to know you find the mini course helpful. That’s great and let me know if you have any questions along the way. Mthruf Resume? Cheers, Stephanie. CMA PROSPECT says.

Thanks for your help Stephanie #128578; I want to do cma usa kindly guide me how to enroll cma? may i want to know that is it cma comparatively easy to other professional certificate?. Thanks for your note. First of all I have to office design emphasize that this is not an easier exam. This is a shorter exam with only two parts, but each part is difficult.

Part 1 for walt disney corporate case, example, the pass rate has been around 35% for design essay, years.

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l assomoir resume Gervaise Macquart, fille d’Antoine Macquart, a quitte Plassans et la Provence, avec son amant Auguste Lantier et ses deux batards, Claude et Etienne, pour tenter sa chance a Paris. Office Design Essay! Mais Lantier abandonne la jeune femme pour Adele, une brunisseuse* en chambre. Mthruf Resume! Apres un combat homerique qui l’oppose a Virginie, la soeur d’Adele, au beau milieu du lavoir, Gervaise se retrouve seule a l’hotel Boncoeur, un garni sordide de Montmartre. Descriptive Office Essay! Cependant, pressee par son voisin Coupeau, un ouvrier zingueur, d’accepter la vie commune, elle consent au mariage. Write A Letter About Customer! Mais Mme Lorilleux, la s?ur de Coupeau, reprouve cette union et fait un accueil glace a Gervaise.

La noce se deroule sous de funestes auspices : il pleut. Office Design! Pour tromper l’ennui, on research se refugie au Louvre, sous la conduite de M. Office! Madinier, un ancien ouvrier devenu patron. Study Research! Deplaces au milieu des ors et des chefs-d’?uvre qu’ils ne comprennent pas, les forgerons, les blanchisseuses et les concierges errent lamentablement dans le labyrinthe des salles, ponctuant leur visite de commentaires naifs ou egrillards qui offusquent jusqu’ aux gardiens. Apres un repas minable au Moulin d’Argent, les noceurs se separent, furieux d’avoir du payer des supplements et ce mariage bacle laisse a Gervaise le gout amer de l’echec. Descriptive Design Essay! Cependant le menage est uni.

Travailleurs, les deux jeunes gens gagnent une petite aisance et peuvent s’installer dans leurs meubles, rue Neuve-de-la-Goutte-d’Or, tout pres de chez Goujet, un jeune forgeron qui vit avec sa mere. Yin Case Study! Bientot nait une petite fille, Nana. Descriptive Design! Mais Cou- peau, jusqu’alors bon mari et bon pere, tombe d’un toit et voila l’ouvrier zingueur gate par l’oisivete forcee a laquelle le contraint son accident. Gervaise, qui a depense toutes ses economies pour eviter l’hopital a son homme, desespere de jamais ouvrir la boutique de blanchisseuse de fin* a laquelle elle revait. Foster! Mais le forgeron Goujet, secretement amoureux d’elle, lui prete cinq cents francs qui lui permettent de s’installer au rez-de-chaussee de la grande maison de la rue de la Goutte-d’or, avec trois ouvrieres. Voulant prendre sa revanche sur ses pauvres noces ou les Lorilleux l’ont humiliee, elle s’endette pour les regaler d’un formidable gueuleton. Descriptive Essay! Mais la fete qui consacre son triomphe marque le debut de sa chute. Mthruf Resume! Depuis des semaines en effet, Virginie, qui a fait mine de se reconcilier avec elle, l’entretient de Lantier. Descriptive Design! Quand le chapelier fait irruption dans la boutique ou l’on a dresse la table, Gervaise est deja prete a ceder a ses anciennes amours. Bientot Coupeau, aveugle ou complaisant, installe Lantier dans la blanchisserie et Gervaise, ec?uree par l’ivrognerie de son mari, redevient la maitresse du chapelier.

De plus en plus gourmande et paresseuse, ruinee par ses deux hommes oisifs qui lui mangent sa boutique, elle doit ceder son bail a Virginie et rejoint le coin des pouilleux, au sixieme etage. Rejetee de tous, elle sombre a son tour dans la boisson tandis que Nana, d’abord apprentie fleuriste, quitte le bouge familial et devient fille de joie. Foster Essay Is Water! Gervaise tombe alors dans l’hebetude epouvantable de l’absinthe : apres avoir assiste a la mort de Coupeau, victime d’une crise de delirium tremens, elle sombre peu a peu dans la folie et meurt de faim et de misere. « Le premier roman sur le peuple qui ne mente pas » Accuse par Hugo de montrer « comme a plaisir les hideuses plaies de la misere et de l’abjection a laquelle le pauvre se trouve reduit », l’auteur s’en defend dans la Preface du volume : « L’Assommoir est le premier roman sur le peuple qui ne mente pas et qui ait l’odeur du peuple », affirme-t-il. Vigoureusement oppose a l’idealisme de Hugo , chez qui l’ancien forcat Jean Valjean devient tout a la fois un saint laic et un chef d’entreprise riche a millions, Zola entreprend une ?uvre de verite sans complaisance. La pauvrete, il la connait pour avoir habite les mansardes du Quartier latin au temps de sa jeunesse, il connait la danse devant le buffet vide et les vetements portes au mont-de-piete ; il connait aussi les m?urs populaires par sa famille maternelle et par sa femme, Gabrielle-Alexandrine Meley, qui fut peut-etre lingere ou fleuriste ; il connait surtout la vie ouvriere par une abondante documentation et, en particulier, par le livre d’un ancien ouvrier devenu fabricant boulonnier, Denis Poulot, auteur du Sublime ou l’Ouvrier tel qu’il est en 1870 dont on descriptive office retrouve ici bien des echos. Mais, au-dela du realisme documentaire, on yin case research trouve dans L ‘Assommoir une illustration de la theorie du roman experimental : prenons des ouvriers ni pires ni meilleurs que d’autres, plongeons-les dans le milieu deletere des faubourgs, soumettons-les a une epreuve (l’accident qui condamne Coupeau a l’oisivete, le retour de Lantier qui reveille les fantomes du passe), et voyons comment ils reagissent en fonction de leur heredite et de leur temperament.

II - LE MILIEU, L’HEREDITE ET LE TEMPERAMENT DANS L'ASSOMMOIR. Le Paris de L’Assommoir, c’est celui des barrieres, des murs d’octroi qui entourent la ville d’une bande de desert propice a tous les trafics du plaisir et du crime : le bal du Grand Balcon et les « cris d’assassines » qu’on y entend parfois en temoignent. Descriptive! Ce faubourg pestilentiel ou souffle la puanteur des abattoirs, ou l’on construit l’hopital Lariboisiere, installe au debut du roman un sombre horizon d’attente : abandonnee par Lantier dans le trou sordide de l’hotel Boncoeur, Gervaise a le pressentiment de son destin, « comme si sa vie, desormais, allait tenir la, entre un abattoir et un hopital ». Et Gervaise a vu juste. Write A Letter About! Comme les betes qu’on assomme dans les abattoirs, elle va etre assommee par le milieu putride du faubourg. Office! L’Assommoir du pere Colombe resume a lui seul les influences malefiques qui vont s’acharner contre elle. Disney Corporate Governance Study! Avec sa « mine sombre » et ses « serpentins descendant sous terre », avec ce ronflement sourd, ce « souffle interieur » qu’aucune fumee ne denonce, l’alambic est l’embleme demoniaque des causalites souterraines du milieu. Descriptive Essay! D’emblee, Gervaise est prise d’un frisson devant « la cuisine du diable» de la machine a souler.

«Travailleur morne, puissant et muet », infatigable, l’alambic capture la force de travail de ceux qui se laissent prendre a son air bonhomme, a « ce gros bedon de cuivre » qui fait l’orgueil de la maison. Study! Mais l’Assommoir, ce n’est pas seulement le cafe du pere Colombe ou l’on s’assomme a coups d’absinthe, c’est aussi le lavoir, ou Gervaise et Virginie s’assomment a coups de battoir, c’est encore la grande maison insalubre de la Goutte-d’or, c’est enfin la boutique surchauffee ou s’entasse le linge sale avec ses puanteurs et ses malpropretes morales. Un sou jete en l’air, retombant pile ou face. Au determinisme du milieu, Gervaise et Coupeau opposent d’abord un beau courage, mais, victimes d’une heredite gatee, ils abdiqueront bientot. Office Essay! Fille de l’ivrogne Macquart, Gervaise boite d’avoir ete concue dans l’ivresse brutale de son pere mais c’est surtout la volonte, en elle, qui est boiteuse : « elle se comparait a un sou lance en l’air, retombant pile ou face, selon les hasards du pave », ecrit Zola. Walt Disney Corporate Governance! Quant a Coupeau, avec sa face de « chien joyeux et bon enfant », avec « son adresse et son effronterie de singe », il garde quelque chose de l’animalite primitive. Descriptive Design! Or, pour Zola, lecteur de Darwin, seuls les etres les plus evolues sont capables de volonte. III - DU PEUPLE LABORIEUX AU PROLETARIAT CORROMPU.

De leur ascension sociale a leur decheance, les Coupeau vont donc parcourir tous les degres qui vont du peuple laborieux au proletariat corrompu : l’installation du couple rue Neuve-de-la Goutte-d’or, aupres des Goujet, s’accompagne d’une longue periode de temperance. Mthruf Resume! La temperance, c’est le refus de tous les exces, c’est aussi un usage moral du temps. Descriptive Office Essay! Le culte religieux que Gervaise voue a sa pendule, « comme si le marbre de sa commode [s’etait] transforme en chapelle », symbolise les vertus proletariennes du temps de travail accumule, capitalise sur le livret de caisse d’epargne cache sous le globe de verre. Yin Case Study Research! Lorsque la blanchisseuse, retombee aux bras de Lantier, aura fait son deuil de la dignite, la pendule sera portee au mont-de-piete dans le minuscule cercueil d’une caisse a chapeau. La fete de l’oie est le premier pas vers l’intemperance : c’est dans la boutique que l’on dresse la table et deja les taches de graisse et de vin souillent l’etabli. Essay! Voulant ecraser les Lorilleux de ses largesses, la blanchisseuse n’hesite pas a envoyer Maman Coupeau au clou pour emprunter sur son alliance ; et, dans ces ripailles rabelaisiennes ou le vin coule comme « un vrai ruisseau, lorsqu’il a plu et que la terre a soif », ou l’on voit les bedons se gonfler a mesure, tout s’inverse brusquement: leurs « faces pareilles a des derrieres », les convives, deshumanises, devorent a belles dents l’animal du sacrifice, Gervaise elle-meme, dont chacun semble emporter un morceau. De Ne Pas Rire! Car, avec sa belle « peau de blonde », l’oie n’est qu’une metaphore de la blanchisseuse: les Lorilleux « auraient englouti le plat, la table et la boutique afin de ruiner la Banban d’un coup et, toute la nuit, un chat, croquant les os, acheva d’enterrer la bete avec le petit bruit de ses dents fines. Office Design Essay! ». Reintroduit dans la boutique a la fete de Gervaise, Lantier va y apporter le ferment de la corruption de l’espace et du temps. Yin Case Research! Prenant la chambre d’Etienne, il oblige d’abord la blanchisseuse a « fourrer le linge sale », entasse dans la chambre du petit, sous son propre lit: des lors, accoutumee a l’odeur du vice, Gervaise se laisse aussi aller a la paresse, a l’adultere et a la dette.

La puanteur du linge, metonymique* de toutes celles du faubourg, la penetre par tous les pores de la peau. Descriptive Office Design! Desormais, son plaisir est de «rester en tas , ses outils filent au mont-de- piete, tandis que Lantier, sous pretexte de refuser l’exploitation, entraine Coupeau dans d’interminables bordees de cafe en cafe. De Ne! Peu a peu, la flane devient l’obsession du couple : fetant « la Saint Lundi » des semaines entieres, « invent[ant] des saints au calendrier », ils descendent au dernier degre de l’abjection. Les Coupeau se transforment alors en types de carnaval pathetiques pris dans l’hallucination de la fete. Descriptive Office Design Essay! Fascinee par son ombre qui danse un chahut de tous les diables sur le boulevard (ch. Essaye! XII), Gervaise retrouve Coupeau, « deguise en un qui va mourir », agonisant a l’hopital Sainte-Anne (ch.

XIII). Descriptive Office! Elle le voit en « vrai chienlit de la Courtille » danser « en cavalier seul » dans une « engueulade continue de carnaval ». Narrative Essay Sad Story! La perception de Gervaise est ainsi remarquablement accordee au delire de Coupeau car lui aussi revit cette mascarade de barriere «Tiens [. Descriptive Essay! j c’est la bande de la chaussee Clignancourt, deguisee en ours V1a la cavalcade. Essaye De Ne Pas Rire! » Tous les loisirs populaires, le cirque, la menagerie, les bals de barriere, le guignol, la foire sont convoques : Coupeau, s’approchant du mur, y voit son double grimacant, une tete de singe pret a le devorer comme dans un miroir deformant tournant le dos a Gervaise, il la voit aussi se « ficher de lui en public» avec le chapelier comme dans un miroir magique. Design! Et bientot Gervaise va reprendre elle-meme, en miroir, la gesticulation frenetique de son homme, tremblant des pieds et des mains, faisant Coupeau pour les voisins. IV - LA CULTURE POPULAIRE ET LE TRAVAIL DU STYLE DANS L'ASSOMMOIR. Cette derniere fete acheve l’exploration de la culture populaire qu’a tentee Zola dans un roman de l’alcoolisme qui est aussi une etude ethnographique : on narrative essay y apprend comment on office design essay se marie, comment on foster is water vit et comment on descriptive meurt dans le petit peuple des faubourgs. Yin Case Study! On y apprend aussi comment on descriptive parle. Foster Wallace Essay! Certes, l’argot est un fait litteraire massif au XIX siecle : Hugo prete a Gavroche « cet idiome abject qui ruisselle de fange » (Les Miserables) et Balzac analyse « la langue des grecs, des filous, des voleurs et des assassins » (Splendeurs et Miseres des courtisanes). Design! Pourquoi donc s’etre fache contre les mots de L’Assommoir ? Le coup de gosier de Paris et le style indirect libre. C’est que Zola n’a pas la prudence de distinguer comme eux la voix du personnage et celle du narrateur.

Bafouant toutes les conventions, il ose « couler dans un moule tres travaille la langue du peuple ». Walt Governance Study! En effacant les marques de subordination, le style indirect libre donne a la troisieme personne une valeur flottante qui confond toutes les voix : « Elle en arrivait, les matins de fringale, a roder avec les chiens [.1 », lit-on au chapitre XII ; « ca repugne les delicats, cette idee mais si les delicats n’avaient rien tortille de trois jours, nous verrions un peu s’ils bouderaient contre leur ventre ; ils se mettraient a quatre pattes et mangeraient aux ordures comme les camarades. Office Design Essay! » Qui parle ? Est-ce Gervaise, est-ce Zola ? La lecon n’a pas ete du gout des nantis. Nous avons 118#160invites et aucun membre en ligne.