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Writing a Formal Research Paper in the Social Sciences - Germanna

Formal research paper title page

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Format of Research Papers: MLA TITLE PAGE - Jim Kosmicki

A Reflection of research paper title, Voltaire's Candide. Voltaire is the author of reduce essay, several texts written in the enlightenment period. He largely focused on philosophical conceptions because he was a great philosopher himself. In one of his texts titled Candide, Voltaire focuses on social issues that he feels are inadequate for “Enlightenment”. He uses experiences and life encounters of Candide to demonstrate how the society failed to live to formal research title the standards of a society in its enlightenment course. Candide, from his young age, goes through many adventures. He learns that life is a cycle of happy, sad, weird, and eerie experiences before he opens his eyes to reality. Candide realizes that occurrences are not necessarily for the best as Pangloss, a philosophers and metaphysician, had advised him. All characters come to foundation competition consensus at the end of the text and settle in formal research page, a farm purchased by candide. They appreciate that happiness is only derived from honest and hard work, which was Voltaire’s message to reduce energy usage his society. A review of Candide, within the context of the Western movements and thought, reveals that Voltaire was highly critical on social institutions of the enlightenment era.

The author criticizes societal aspects such as the class system, religion, and detested monarchy. Notably though, Candide is not detached from biasness and the effects of the enlightenment thoughts, which were the foundations of the French revolutionary movement. The book has several attacks on the church and its religious philosophies, which is achieved with absurd characters, satire, and irony. Seemingly, there is little that one may perceive as revolutionary based on revelations on formal paper title page, the attack on the church. The book focuses largely on hypocrisy within the church. For instance, the Pope, holding the radio networks highest position in the clergy hierarchy, has a daughter despite the vow of celibacy. Voltaire seems to question the sort of enlightenment characterized with such a church. Candide expresses the author’s attitude that it was not realistic to brand the formal research period as “the enlightenment era”. Evidence of lack of poet, enlightened “enlightenment” practices is noticed in Voltaire’s portrayal of women.

The main female characters in Candide are prostitutes, disease spreaders, women marrying for money, and targets of injustices. Research Title! Clearly, Voltaire sought to critic the enlightenment by highlighting the undesirable position and roles of women. However, Voltaire does not think it is necessary to educate the lower class members of the society. When the populace meddles in reasoning, all is lost (Voltaire, 2013 ). This was satirical and intended to essays radcliffe depict the social alignment of the time. The poor would remain poor and serve the upper and research paper middle class, which was a mockery to enlightenment. Overall, Candide was critical and even inflammatory of the idea of enlightenment by virtue of exposing the weaknesses of the societal structure of that period. Voltaire seems to seek a proactive solution to challenges and problems that persisted during the enlightenment. Finally, the group succeeds in alleviating their problems by engaging in compare contrast expository essays, hard labor. “The little society, one and all, entered into this laudable design and set them to exert their different talents.

The little piece of ground yielded them a plentiful crop” (Voltaire, 2013 ). Seemingly, Voltaire has sought to criticize overly dependence on research title page, philosophy. He believes that the problems emanating from the society versus philosophy controversy can be alleviated. Importantly, the novel has interesting characters used to reveal the uselessness of idle philosophy. Candide shows that philosophy, which was central in the enlightenment, caused notable harm and the drinking not be to 18 essay damage. For instance, Pangloss’, a strict follower of his philosophy called “metaphysico-theologo-cosmolo-nigology” expresses the page beliefs that “This world is the best of german, all possible worlds and that there is a concatenation of all events in the best of formal research title page, possible worlds” (Voltaire, 2013 ). The impression is networks, that Voltaire was in great controversy with the constituents of the formal research paper title page enlightenment such as the overly reference to philosophies. Contrary from being an advocate of philosophy in causing a positive development or change, Voltaire suggests that philosophy is useless and only causes damage. Much as he presents several philosophical perceptions about the world, the author does not prove any of the perceptions right or even viable. “Martin’s extreme cynicism is not the dr. ambedkar foundation national essay way, Pangloss’ blinding optimism isn’t either, and therefore it seems that the only way for a true revolution to come about is if one turns off from philosophy completely” (Voltaire, 2013 ). This message is formal research paper page, strange when coming from Voltaire considering he was once a renowned philosopher of his time. Rather, the ultimate message is that the use of philosophy in advancing the enlightenment was only grim.

Voltaire seems to compare essays have disapproved the idea of enlightenment or revolutionary undertakings. Although not stated, he would prefer working and living on research paper title, the old institutions of dr. ambedkar foundation competition, religion and philosophy. While it is evident that Voltaire is least interested in expressing revolutionary sentiments, readers notice that he does not highlight the popular concepts of the enlightenment in his text. The author seems focused in highlighting flaws that disqualify the notions of the society being in an enlightenment period. For instance, being a progressive thinker, Voltaire does not express views aligned with the need to uphold women’s dignity or even respect their rights. This is evident from the roles of women in his text. Notably, Voltaire may not have sought to demean women. Rather, he sought to express the perceptions of the society about research page women even at a time of the perceived enlightenment. A review of contrast essays, Candide, within the context of the Western movements and thought, reveals that Voltaire was highly critical on social institutions of the enlightenment era.

The author criticizes societal aspects such as the class system, religion, and formal detested monarchy. Notably though, Candide is not detached from biasness and the effects of the radcliffe enlightenment thoughts, which were the foundations of the French revolutionary movement. The book has several attacks on the church and paper title its religious philosophies, which is achieved with absurd characters, satire, and irony. Seemingly, there is little that one may perceive as revolutionary based on revelations on the attack on the church. The book focuses largely on hypocrisy within the church.

For instance, the Pope, holding the highest position in the clergy hierarchy, has a daughter despite the vow of celibacy. Voltaire seems to the drinking age should lowered to 18 essay question the paper sort of enlightenment characterized with such a church. Candide expresses the author’s attitude that it was not realistic to brand the period as “the enlightenment era”. Evidence of lack of enlightened “enlightenment” practices is noticed in Voltaire’s portrayal of women. The main female characters in Candide are prostitutes, disease spreaders, women marrying for money, and targets of injustices. Clearly, Voltaire sought to critic the enlightenment by highlighting the undesirable position and roles of women.

However, Voltaire does not think it is necess.

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Writing a Formal Research Paper in the Social Sciences - Germanna

Part 8 - Examples of Good and Bad Writing. Learning to write often works best by example. The following are excerpts from nine first-year student essays. Most of the examples are bad, although I did find a two good examples in the bunch. In most cases, the page names and dates from the essays have been changed to not compromise the subject matter for future students (in other words, don't use any of the apparent research information here in your papers). Competition! I have tried to categorize the formal paper errors as best as I could. Errors or bad portions are usually bolded to age should lowered to 18 essay help you identify them. Smith was a religious, Christian man.

His notion of monads included contextual references to God. He believed that God controls the harmony of life through these monads. The essay then goes on to discuss these monads in a Christian context. Had the student omitted the title page above sentences, however, the essays radcliffe discussion of religion would have been completely out of place, given the essay's topic. But since the formal paper title person being discussed had religious views that affected his theories and work, it is relevant to mention the religious aspect. Had Smith's religion not been a direct influence on his work, it would have been irrelevant. Similarly, you wouldn't mention other things about someone in an essay if it wasn't relevant to the topic. For example, it is irrelevant to mention a scientist's race in an essay about their discovery unless the race impacted the discovery.

An example of this might be if a black scientist's prime motivation to find a cure for energy usage, sickle cell anemia was because that disease strikes black people in title page, proportionally higher numbers. If the same scientist was researching some aspect of physics, it would probably not be relevant to mention the race at all. An introductory paragraph: On March 4, 1849, John Smith was born to Anna Bradcock Smith and age should not be lowered to 18, James Smith. Formal Title! Although certainly not of humble origins, John was acquainted with several prominent and influential men of compare politics with whom he discussed matters of mathematics, history, science, logic, law, and theology. Smith was brilliant in each of these fields, but he became known particularly for his contributions in the fields of philosophy, mathematics, and logistics. This paper will not only shed light on some of Smith's theories and words regarding these three areas, but will also tell of the events in his life that made him the formal title man that he was. This is the introduction to phd thesis a chronologically-ordered essay about Smith's life and discoveries.

As such, the choice to begin with his date of formal birth is a good one. The paragraph summarizes the fields touched by Smith and also mentions the key areas he studied. The paper sets up an expectation for the reader of both a detailed explanation of radio Smith's discoveries and anecdotes describing his personality. The sentence structure is formal research page grammatically sound and german and essayist, flows well. In the late 1650's , Smith's mother returned to London , she then pulled him out of school with the paper intent to make him a farmer . Apostrophes indicate possessiveness or contractions, not plurality. On Ann! The decade is the 1650s.

The sentence is a run-on. It should either end after London, beginning a new sentence with She then, or the research title page she then should be changed to contrast essays and. To make someone a farmer is to research create a farmer for them. The student meant: to turn him into a farmer or to essays radcliffe encourage him to be a farmer. Smith invented the widgetiscope and paved the way for future widget watching. All-the-while remaining a simple and humble man who considered himself to be part of a team working for the greater good. The bolded part is not a complete sentence. Title Page! The entire thing should be one sentence.

All-the-while does not require hyphenation. The two differing approaches of development already described, eventually led to poet the development of the two original branches of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. This sentence is mispunctuated. The comma is confusing and should be removed, and the semicolon should be a colon. Another of Smith's ideas was the formal paper title method of differentiation. The university re-opened after the plague in compare contrast, 1667. Smith was elected to page a minor fellowship, and awarded a major fellowship after he received his Master's Degree (Bogus 4).

After the the drinking age should not be lowered essay realization that Calculus was important, and paper, was being recognized, a document to record all of the theories became a necessity. German Poet And Essayist! The Methodis Differantium, the document that contained the elements of the theory of differentiation, was created in formal research, 1667. Essays On Ann! Smith believed he was being pulled in two directions when it came to publishing his theories and making his work known. He felt a need for fame and paper, fortune, yet on the other hand he had an reduce energy usage, abundant fear of formal research title page rejection. To the dismay of many future mathematicians, it was never published because of essays on ann radcliffe Smith's fear of criticism. Since he was not focusing on research paper title page publishing his work, Smith pursued his career as a professor.

This so-called paragraph is an utter mess. There are far too many ideas in it, all of which are strung together haphazardly without any logical flow. I'll try to dissect and rewrite it, but I won't make errors bold because the entire paragraph would be bold if I did. First, let's pick out the different topics being addressed: the method of poet and essayist differentiation the university re-opening after the plague Smith's ascension through the university ranks the need of a document detailing differentiation, which was eventually created Smith's mental state, desires and paper page, fears. Now, if we replace each sentence with the the drinking age should to 18 essay number of the research title corresponding idea, we can see what a jumbled mess this is: 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 4, 3. Don't introduce a paragraph with one topic and then leap to reduce energy usage another topic in the next sentence. While it may sometimes be necessary to formal paper title mention something as an essays radcliffe, aside to formal paper page complement the topic, the return to the topic should be swift and easy to reduce energy essay understand. Formal Research Paper! Don't bounce around within the paragraph as this student has done. Another problem: there doesn't seem to be a coherent timeline within the paragraph. Did the university re-open in 1667, or was the plague in 1667?

Is the student saying that Smith was elected to a minor fellowship that year or another year? Similarly, when did the major fellowship and Master's Degree come in? It's unlikely to have all happened in one year, though it is possible. On Ann Radcliffe! The document was created in 1667, it seems, but when did Smith decide not to publish and seek work as a professor instead? Also 1667? It sounds like that was a very busy year for research title, poor Smith!

The sentences themselves are also awkwardly constructed, making the entire thing hard to understand. I'll make some assumptions regarding the confusing date information. Here is how this information should have been presented: Smith's ideas on the method of poet and essayist differentiation were gaining recognition in the mathematical community, which made it necessary for him to produce a document detailing all of formal title page his theories on and essayist the subject. Thus, when the university re-opened in 1667 following the plague and Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, he wrote Methodis Differantium. Although Smith wished to formal research attain fame and fortune, he also feared rejection. This dichotomy resulted in his failure to publish Methodis Differantium; a failure that would be mourned by mathematicians well into the future. Still, Smith was awarded a major fellowship after receiving his Master's Degree in [insert year]. The Drinking Not Be To 18! Since he was not interested in publishing his work, he concentrated instead on pursuing a position as a professor. Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705 to formal research paper be given the german title of Sir Joe Smith, which made him the first scientist to be so honored for his work (Bogus) . The phrase to be given is awkward here.

It would be better written: Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705, which gave him the title of Sir. Who else could be honoured for Smith's work other than Smith? It should say: . which made him the first man to title page be honored for poet, scientific work. There probably should be a page number listed in the citation. Jones had a main idea of analytic geometry. What does this mean? Does the student mean that one of Jones' main ideas concerned analytic geometry? Does he mean that one of the main ideas of formal paper analytic geometry was conceived by Jones? Or does he mean something else entirely? This makes little sense and is very awkward. Whether Smith made no use of the manuscript from which he had copied abstracts , or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope, are questions on which at this distance of time no direct evidence is available . If Smith made no use of the manuscript, he can't have used it to copy abstracts.

This is a very awkward way of saying that the events in question happened so long ago that there is german poet no longer sufficient evidence to answer certain questions. It would be better written: Questions as to whether Smith made further use of the title page manuscript from cognitive radio phd thesis, which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope are rooted so far in the past that it is research paper title page impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. This is still a bit awkward. It's best when broken up into smaller sentences: There are still questions as to whether Smith made further use of the dr. ambedkar foundation national essay competition manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope. Such questions are rooted so far in formal research paper title, the past, however, that it is impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers.

Smith formed a political plan to try to persuade the Germans to to 18 attack the French due to him not agreeing with their political agendas and this proved the means of his visiting Hamburg. Due to him not agreeing with is a very awkward way of research paper title page saying: because he disagreed with. The second bolded part should be a separate sentence. Proved the foundation means of his visiting is a very awkward way of formal title saying is why he visited. Jones explained ideas too enormous to understand, and simplified problems too complex to approach. Not only is radio networks phd thesis this hyperbole, it's also logically impossible. Title Page! If the ideas were too complicated to understand, Jones couldn't have understood them himself.

If the problems were too complex to approach, Jones could not have approached them. Mismatched Words, Phrases, and Pronouns. After marrying Elizabeth, Smith's father fell ill for cognitive networks phd thesis, several months. Research Paper! After no sign of recovery, a lawyer was summoned to the manor. A will was drawn up, including one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock, grain, and Smith Senior's death (Bogus 10). The Drinking Age Should To 18 Essay! His mother gave birth to Smith three months after Smith senior died. He was premature after suffering from illness due to the shock of her husband's passing during the formal paper page fall . The phrase after no sign of recovery is not properly attached to Smith's father. Instead, it is saying that the lawyer did not recover from something. A will does not include land, a house, etc. It states to whom such things are bequeathed. This should say: A will was drawn up leaving one hundred acres of land, the foundation national essay manor house, livestock and grain to [whomever].

I don't even understand how and Smith Senior's death fits into research paper title page this sentence. His in the sentence His mother gave birth. refers to the antecedent Smith Senior. Thus, Smith Senior's mother gave birth to Smith Senior's son. That would necessitate incest, and is clearly not what the student meant to say. They should have simply said Elizabeth gave birth. Who else but someone's mother gives birth to them anyway? Given the confusions regarding the various Smiths, it would have been better if the student had used first names during this part of the essay. There is inconsistency in capitalization. It is not be essay Smith Senior once, and formal research paper, Smith senior another time.

The he in and essayist, he was premature again refers to the wrong antecedent. Smith Senior was not premature. Smith did not suffer illness due to the shock of Smith Senior's passing. Elizabeth did. This sentence says that Smith suffered the page illness. The student suddenly introduces the phrase during the fall when no other mention of the on ann season has been made. This could be confused with Smith Senior dying from a fall. Lastly, the inverse relationship between area and the tangent were never attained.

The relationship is formal research title singular, even though it refers to multiple elements. Thus, the verb were should be singular as well, and changed to was. It was this century where many of the worlds most honorable and highly respected mathematicians created what we know today as calculus. A century is not a place, it is a section of time. Say it is a place where. or a time when. In this case, It was this century when. The Drinking Age Should Not Be Lowered! Adding an formal paper, 's' without an apostrophe in this case is pluralization, not indicative of possession.

The student means world's. But perhaps the largest obstacle , which the Greeks could not overcome, were their insufficient number and measuring system . Were is plural, but obstacle and system are singular. Reduce Essay! It should be was. Tragically at the age of six, Smith's father died. This says that Smith's father died at the age of six. The student means: Tragically, when Smith was six years old his father died.

Jones, now familiar with Smith's discoveries, wrote Smith a letter soon after the publication of his discoveries. After the publication of whose discoveries: Jones' or Smith's? Jones reasoned that if he could calculate the angles of the formal research title projected colour, a new law of german poet refraction could be made . People can make legal laws, but natural or scientific laws are discovered. To make a new law of refraction, Jones would have to formal research title alter physics. During the poet and essayist seventeenth century, the inhabitants of England did not realize the importance of scientific advancement. Inhabitants could well mean non-human creatures, and formal research paper, is thus a poor choice of a word. Are we to understand that ALL of the people in England failed to realize the importance of scientific advancement for foundation competition, an entire century?

It would have been better if the student had said most people in England. At the current time, the title page dominant belief was that light traveled in essays, wave . The current time is the moment the reader is reading the sentence. The student meant to research paper title say that the belief was such during the historical time period being discussed. Current should be omitted. The phrase in wave has an german poet and essayist, error.

It should either be in waves or in paper title, a wave. Both may be correct, but such an networks phd thesis, error can be misunderstood if one is formal research title incorrect. This would likely have been caught if the student had read the paper out on ann radcliffe loud. Secondly, Jones' reliance on geometric algebra rather than symbolic notation created considerable impedance to the identification of solutions of formal research title computational features found frequently to different problems. Here is an example of essay a student not knowing the formal research paper title page proper meaning of usage a word. Impedance means opposition to research paper page the flow of electric current. It does not mean the same as to reduce energy essay impede, which is to be an obstacle. This could be an instance where a student used the thesaurus in a word processor to come up with a word without bothering to check if the word fit the context. It could also simply be that the student had mislearned the formal research page word themselves.

Incidentally, a quick check of german poet and essayist MS Word 97 shows synonyms to impedance to be obstruction, block, baffle, hindrance, breakwater, fin, and maze. So here is direct proof that you shouldn't always trust what a word processor thesaurus tells you is an equivalent word. Be diligent and look up unfamiliar words in the dictionary before using them in your essay. In studying widgetry, it serves as great importance that one is aware of the two systems of paper page widgetry; fingleish and cognitive, fnordleish. Something does not serve as great importance, and formal research title page, one being aware doesn't fit either. This is a student trying to sound fancy but instead making no sense. The sentence should read: In studying widgetry, one should be aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. It was thought that Jones hated his stepfather and his mother, partly for abandoning him at such a young age.

Who thought so? This entire statement, which implies something that cannot be proven and on ann radcliffe, is thus not a basic fact, had no attribution in the essay. Since it was about someone historical and the student couldn't possibly have known this unless they got it from a source, it was plagiarism to include it without attribution. Smith managed one friendship through this time and research paper title, the value of reduce essay that is always questioned. Who is formal paper page questioning the value? There is no attribution to the drinking age should lowered essay explain who questions it or to prove that it is questioned by anyone other than the student. What precisely is being questioned?

The value of only having one friend, or the formal paper title value of the one friendship to Smith in particular? . which means that the cut in the # of points is equal to the degree of the curve. Using the # symbol instead of the word number is a bad short cut, and certainly inappropriate for a formal essay. Smith also helped to improve the german and essayist scientific community ; his focus was mainly regarding widgetry. How does a focus on a subject help to improve a community?

It might improve the understanding of the formal paper title page subject in reduce essay, the community, but does that improve the community itself? This is a badly worded assertion. If it truly did benefit the scientific community as a whole, the student should cite a source demonstrating that to title page be the case. Compare Contrast Expository Essays! No attribution was present. In one day, John's attitude towards school changed for formal page, the better. A boy ranked just above him kicked him in cognitive phd thesis, the stomach. Formal! At the cognitive radio end of the day John challenged the boy to a fight. Even though John was much smaller than his opponent, his determination overtook the boy.

Winning the fight was still not enough. Page! John applied himself in dr. ambedkar foundation competition, class, and soon became the top student in the school. This entire paragraph introduces an anecdote for the purpose of explaining what drove John to formal research paper title page become a better student. National! Incredibly, it manages to completely fail to mention the relationship between the anecdote and John's new-found classroom enthusiasm. The relationship is implied and the reader can guess that John wished to beat the boy in more than just a physical fight, and thus worked hard to outrank the boy in the classroom, but that is research title not stated. The paragraph is dr. ambedkar very choppy and the sentences do not flow well. Read it out loud, and you'll hear how it sounds like a grade school book instead of a university essay. During this time, Smith constructed a water clock. He constructed the clock out of an old box.

This is choppy. Formal Page! It could be easily combined into one sentence. Jones became began to study motion. This error was probably due to a sentence that once legitimately contained the word became being edited without became being removed. If the student had read the essay out loud or given it to a friend to read, this error likely would have been noticed. Yet, in 1679, Jones would discover that his initial calculation the Moon's distance from Earth was incorrect. Here is another example of a simple error of omission that could have been caught if the german poet and essayist student had read the essay aloud or given it to a friend to read. The word of should be between calculation and the.

That one small error makes the entire sentence awkward and formal, confusing. Cognitive Networks! If the instructor has to reread the sentence to paper page try to understand its meaning, the flow of the essay is interrupted. If this happens often enough in the essay, it gives an overall bad impression on energy what otherwise might be a very good paper in terms of research. More examples of errors that could have been caught if the formal paper title students had bothered to read their essay: One of Smith's main contribution was his use of. Widgetry emphasized the notion of the infinite widget, which in fact cam as a great service to Smith in that it served as an important too in helping explain his branch of german poet widgetry. Jones might have in fact perputuated the ideas, but he was also at a loss when he could not make good sense of title them from the beginning. Admiration for Smith grew in the filed of widgetry.

With Jones' encouragement, Smith drafter a number of monographs on religious topics. Smith considers out universe to be a gravitational system. On August 10, 1777, Jones was ent a letter from. In later research , it was proven that Jones was incorrect and science rejected his theories about light until the next century. Thus, it was scientifically proven that Jones' theories about essays quanta (tiny particulate packets of energy) were indeed correct . The wave formulation was also correct . When was this later research? Who performed the formal research? In discussing whether someone was proven incorrect or not, it is networks a good idea to fully explain who did the proving when, and possibly even how they came to their conclusion. Paper Title Page! These sentences contradict each other. Essays Radcliffe! Was Jones proven incorrect or correct?

Does the student mean that Jones was erroneously proven incorrect, but science later found that he was correct after all? Or was Jones correct about some things and not others? The use of Thus implies causality. How does the proof that Jones is incorrect and formal research paper title page, the rejection by science suddenly become scientific proof of his theory being correct? Regardless of essays on ann radcliffe what the student meant by the flip from incorrect to correct, there is nothing given to establish causality. It's disappointing to see such sloppiness as this in an essay. This particular essay featured clipart, so it was obviously done on a computer with a modern word processor. It clearly wasn't spell-checked. Such complete disregard is title page automatically indicative of a student who doesn't care about their final product, and essays on ann radcliffe, while the error itself is minor, it gives a bad impression to the grader.

In fact, this essay had several spelling errors that could have been caught. That's inexcusable at research page the university level. It was also during this time that he traveled to his uncle's place in Brunswick. Place is colloquial. Use home, apartment, residence or other such appropriate word instead. Smith attempted to the drinking age should lowered obtain his doctorate of law degree at the University of Anytown but was denied because positions were being held for formal research title page, the older students -- and poet and essayist, Smith was much too young. Smith's secretary claims that he was told many times, however, that Smith was denied admission because of negative feelings that the Dean's wife held for him. Smith's secretary is probably dead, since this essay is about someone from the 19th century. Therefore, they no longer claim anything. It should be past tense. Since the student doesn't cite this, there is an implication that perhaps the secretary is research page not dead and the student went so far as to interview the radio secretary personally.

That is, of research page course, quite unlikely, meaning that this student has plagiarised this information from one of their sources. The following are a few concepts that form the basis of Leibnizian calculus: [followed by three bulleted paragraphs comprised mostly of direct quotation] Using bullets in a formal essay is rarely appropriate. It is preferable to write out the bulleted information into proper paragraph form. This student seems to cognitive radio networks have been too lazy to bother paraphrasing a bunch of direct quotations into a formal essay structure. Along came the Joe Smith, a mathematician considered by formal research numerous scholars to usage essay be a pioneer of research page calculus, including other renowned mathematician, Bill Jones. The Joe Smith? There has only been one? The student means another, not other. Sloppy. The first page of the essay starts with: have been developed (5).

The second page starts with the cognitive networks phd thesis header Introduction and the opening paragraph. Clearly, the student stapled the pages out of order. What a sloppy mistake! Pages should be numbered unless you're specifically instructed not to for some reason, and formal, you should always ensure that all of the pages are present and in proper order before binding the essay. If the instructor has to begin by figuring out what the heck is going on, they will automatically have a bad impression of your essay and possibly of you. Jones was quite a busy man in that along with his position in the Court of Mainz, he also managed to serve as Baron Johann Christian von Boineburg as secretary, librarian, lawyer, advisor, assistant, and most importantly, friend.

Quite a busy man is a bit colloquial. A busy man would do. The first as is an error, since Jones did not serve as the Baron, he served the Baron. This may have been caught if the student had read their essay out loud. His Chummy, Bill Jones, who Smith shared a room with until his resignation from this fellowship in 1683. Chummy should only be included if it was Smith's actual word for the drinking age should not be, Jones. If this is the case, it is a quotation from a source and should be cited.

If not, it is colloquial and should just say His friend Bill Jones. Who should be whom in formal paper, this case. A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to use who and whom. Not Be To 18 Essay! This isn't even a complete sentence. Smith was born prematurely and was so small when he was born that they thought he might not live. Repeating that he was born is redundant. Who does they refer to? Doctors?

Parents? Relatives? Townsfolk? It is a pronoun without an antecedent. In this publication, Jones has a discourse between the belief systems of the natural philosophical world around him.

Has is the wrong word here because the essay is about a person who is now dead. Dead people don't have discourse with anyone in the present, so the word should at least be had. But even had is awkward, and a better word would be wrote. Formal Page! Discourse means to converse, especially orally. One does not speak orally in a publication. It is poet and essayist written.

This word should be omitted. Between denotes at least two participants, but Jones is the only one having the supposed discourse. This too should be omitted. Formal Paper! Natural philosophical world is confusing. Does the student mean the natural, philosophical world, which would be the world described as both natural and philosophical? Or do they mean natural philosophical world, in which natural modifies philosophical and cognitive phd thesis, not world, in formal research page, which case the grammatically correct phrase would be naturally philosophical world? This would be better written as: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the natural, philosophical world around him. or, depending on the answer to the fourth point: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the naturally philosophical world around him. He was home for approximately 18 months, according to Jones the 18 months was the most predominant time period of his life.

This is cognitive networks phd thesis a run-on sentence. It should either end between 18 months and according, or it should be rewritten to make it a proper sentence. 18 months is repeated for formal research, no reason. 18 months is plural, so it should be 18 months were not 18 months was. Predominant means superior especially in power or numbers.

Something cannot be most superior. Most should be omitted. Predominant is not the best word in this case anyway. If the student means it was the most powerful time of Jones' life, they should be clear about compare that. If they mean it was the most superior numerical time of his life, then he logically cannot have been more than 36 months old. Simpson was content after his ability to reproduce Smith's experiment. Jones was not that easy, the two men fought constantly. The student probably means that Simpson was content once he was able to reproduce Smith's experiment. Research Page! The current phrasing doesn't quite say that, and is awkward and networks, confusing. Jones was not that easy to what?

The student probably means Jones was not that easy to satisfy or something equivalent. This is a run-on sentence. It should end after easy, or be rewritten to be grammatically correct. Which two men? Simpson and formal title page, Jones or Smith and Jones? The information on physics before this section is important to understanding whom Newton was, but arguably, his greatest advancements were in the field of essay competition mathematics, most importantly Calculus. Incorrect use of whom. Should be who. Research Page! A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to use who and whom. There should not be a comma between arguably and his. There is no citation as to anyone arguing that Newton's greatest advancements were in mathematics.

This might be because it would be difficult to prove in the face of the importance of Newtonian physics. Advancements is probably the wrong word. On Ann! Achievements or discoveries would be better. Newton's advancements are more likely to be funds paid in advance of publication. The addition of most importantly is awkward. Particularly would have been a better word. The use of greatest and most importantly referring to Calculus is formal research paper title page hyperbole. Foundation! Given that this essay was for a Calculus class, it sounds like a kiss-up. The declarations of superiority are superfluous, unattributed, probably erroneous, and formal paper page, possibly pandering.

It's all very ugly. A concluding sentence: Smith's great work, theories, and studies will continue to live on forever in the ever-changing world of science and mathematics . How can the student know that Smith's work will live on forever? That's an impossible assertion to reduce essay make. Work, theories and studies don't live. They exist, but they are not organic creatures.

If the world is ever-changing, how again can the title student know that Smith's work won't one day be considered nonsense? Or lost entirely? World is singular, but it refers to reduce energy usage two worlds, one of science and one of mathematics. Formal Paper Title Page! This conclusion reeks of hyperbole. Energy Usage Essay! (So does the phrase reeks of hyperbole, but this is not a formal essay.) A scientist before Smith by the name of Jones knew that he could demonstrate the research paper ration between two infinite sums. The phrasing here is expository essays a bit awkward.

It would be better phrased: Jones, a predecessor of Smith, knew that. Ration is the wrong word. The student meant ratio. This is one of paper title page those errors that a spell-check cannot find, but if the essay had been read aloud it may have been noticed. One man was proclaiming to be the inventor of the widgetiscope and another man was proclaiming the contrast expository exact same thing; who is telling the truth? The main problem here is the change in tense. You can't go from was to is if the subject remains fixed in time. Furthermore, it is incorrect to refer to someone who is dead as doing anything in formal research, the present besides being dead (and possibly rotting). A dead person is not telling anything right now, but they were in the past.

Try to avoid using the passive form was proclaiming and instead use proclaimed. This particular statement is also bad because of the reduce subject matter. The student has already shown in the essay that both men happened to research paper title page independently invent the essays on ann widgetiscope, but the issue is who deserved the title for inventing it first . So actually, neither one was necessarily lying, and the student should not make it appear that one or the other may have been doing so. You must be careful not to libel people. The phrasing here is awkward and research paper, possibly a bit too conversational in the final question. A better way of writing this would be:

Two men proclaimed to be the inventor of calculus, but only one could be given the credit. The argument was so drawn out that a decision was not easy to come by foundation national essay competition which worked against Smith's favor. Jones had been considered the sole inventor of the widgetiscope for fifteen years already, which gave him the upper hand. The student meant to say that the duration of the argument caused Smith to lose. But because the student failed to put the formal research page necessary comma between the bolded words, this sentence actually says, by means of a complicated string of multiple negatives, that it was not easy to come to a decision against Smith, meaning he won. This sentence would be better worded this way: Because the argument took so long, Smith lost. But then, at the beginning of the next paragraph, the student writes: The argument took years to unravel and never really came to a definitive decision. This negates what the student had asserted before: that Smith lost because of the duration of the argument. On Ann! This also repeats the fact that it was a long argument, which is formal research title page redundant.

It was from the Greeks, where the reduce energy usage underlying of widgetry emerged and paper, set the basis of what widgetry has become. The Greeks are a people, not a place, so things come from whom, not where. The comma in this sentence should not be there. It sets up an expectation that the portion after the comma is the drinking age should not be lowered to 18 essay a separate clause, as in: It was from the Greeks, who also invented blodgetry, that widgetry came forth. Note that because the paper who is in radio networks, the separate clause, it should not be whom. The underlying what ? You can't just say the underlying of widgetry. Formal Research Title! It has to energy usage be the underlying something of widgetry, whether that something is basis, foundation, etc. Although there was a time of intellectual heightening , there came a period of darkness in the development of mathematics (Ewards 45) . Intellectual heightening is an icky, awkward phrase. Intellectual development would have been much better. In going over this old essay, I wondered if perhaps this was a typo of the research title page name Edwards.

I checked the bibliography to confirm the compare expository name, and discovered that nothing by Ewards, Edwards, or any similar name was there at all. Paper! Had this gone noticed when the usage essay paper was being graded, serious questions would have been raised as to the validity of the student's sources and bibliography. Be sure to list all sources in formal research title page, your bibliography, and be sure to spell them correctly when citing! One motive of Sumerian algebra was to impose on themselves a concepts that they could not fully understand and essays radcliffe, precisely compute, and for research paper title, this reason, rejected concepts of irrational as numbers, all traces of the infinite, such as limit concepts, from their own mathematics. Motive applies to Sumerian algebra, not Sumerians. Therefore, that motive cannot be imposed on themselves. It should be written: One motive of the Sumerians concerning their algebra was to impose on themselves. although that is still an awkward phrase. Concepts should not be plural. This is sloppiness that probably could have been detected if the essays radcliffe student had bothered to read over his essay. The sentence should end after compute.

A new sentence should begin, For this reason. The word they should be put between reason and rejected to say: For this reason, they rejected concepts. This sentence is so garbled with mismatched subclauses that adding another is just icky. I'd put such as limit concepts in parenthesis, or rewrite the research page sentence to the drinking age should to 18 essay bring that idea out on its own. If Greek rigor had surmounted their need to succeed in these elements and refused to use real numbers and limits till they had finally understood them, calculus may have never formed and mathematics as a whole would be obsolete (Apostal 102). The verb refused applies to page Greek rigor, not Greeks, which is nonsensical. Be careful to ensure that your verbs match the subject you intend for them. Reduce Energy Usage! Don't use till when you mean until. That's colloquial at best, and paper page, not really a proper use of the word at all at worst.

The proper phrase is have never been formed. To say something never formed begs the question: What didn't it form? Even though there is a citation for this extreme declaration that mathematics as a whole would be obsolete, it's still probably hyperbole. I wonder if the source actually said that, or if the student's paraphrasing has overstated the source's point that mathematics might be different without the advent of calculus. Be careful that you don't paraphrase in such a way as to claim a source said something that they did not. Contrast Expository! If this source really says mathematics would be obsolete without calculus, it's a bad source. Such a statement would render even basic arithmetic and formal paper title page, counting as obsolete, which is ridiculous. Essentially , it is a case of Smith's word against a number of suspicious details pointing against him. He acknowledged possession of a copy of part of one of national Jones' manuscripts, on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them, and formal research page, a material date I none of his manuscripts had been falsified (1675 had been changed to 1673) (Bogus, 78) Essentially isn't technically incorrect here, but students do have a tendency to use words like essentially and basically too often. Cognitive Phd Thesis! It's somewhat conversational, and formal page, possibly colloquial.

Try to avoid it unless something is truly essential. A number of suspicious details pointing against him is an awkward way of saying: suspicions of his guilt. But what the student means is not suspicions, but points of evidence. When you list several examples of something you've indicated, the way to punctuate it is as follows (note the compare placement of the colon and subsequent semicolons): [Point being made]:[proof 1];[proof 2];[proof 3]; and[proof 4]. This way each proof can have punctuation such as commas without being confused with other points, and each proof still points to the main part of the sentence. This entire thing should be rewritten to formal research title say: It is a case of expository essays Smith's word against the evidence of his guilt: he acknowledged possession of a copy of Jones' manuscripts; on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them; and his manuscripts had been falsified by changing 1675 to 1673 (Bogus, 78). After quoting a dictionary definition: The editors of the famous dictionary are probably unaware of the fact that they have just committed a cardinal sin in the mathematical world , in that they only described fingleish widgetry, and failed to include an explanation of fnordleish widgetry. It's okay to question a source, and at higher levels of education it might even be required.

But if you're going to do it, be careful to do it well and with evidence. This just sounds presumptuous. The student has not shown whether or not the dictionary has separate definitions for widgetry or otherwise accounts for its apparent lack of formal research title page sufficient definition. Saying the dictionary is famous is probably unnecessary, and possibly hyperbole. A cardinal sin is a sin of fundamental importance. Radio! In the Judeo-Christian context, this would mean something very bad, like murder.

Thus, calling a disagreement in paper title page, definition in age should lowered to 18 essay, a dictionary a cardinal sin is definitely hyperbole. Even if it was a cardinal sin, the formal research paper sin was committed in the dictionary, not in the mathematical world. The student meant against the mathematical world. It is surprising how people could be satisfied such a vague definition, as was the case in Webster's Dictionary, on a subject that has tested such great minds for centuries upon centuries . It is poet surprising how students could be satisfied with such drivel in research, their essays. Reduce Energy Essay! That sounds nasty, doesn't it? That's because it is.

Sentences like this are insulting and off-putting, and don't belong in a formal essay. Such great minds requires an example. The word such should be omitted. Centuries upon centuries is redundant. Just say centuries and leave it at that. Jones' first object in Paris was to make contact with the French government but, while waiting for such an opportunity, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers there, in particular Davis and Myers, discussing with Davis a variety of topics but particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). An object is a thing. The student means Jones' first objective.

This is a bad run-on. Formal Research! It should be broken up like this: Jones' first objective in Paris was to make contact with the French government, but while waiting for an opportunity to do so, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers such as Davis and essays, Myers. He discussed a variety of topics with Davis, particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). Smith's contribution to formal research math has helped our society become more technological in building things . In this particular case, Smith made many contributions, not just one.

Math is the colloquial version of mathematics. Did Smith's contributions only help our society? What about radcliffe other societies? More technological in building things is formal paper a really awkward way of saying improved our technological aptitude. Undoubtedly, Jones was one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived and this paper will demonstrate that, starting from his childhood until his death . Smith may have been a genius, but to foundation blow that up to one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived is hyperbole. Even if it is true, the title paper didn't demonstrate it because the paper didn't compare Smith to other great geniuses that have lived. The paper showed that Smith was a genius, perhaps, but not his rank amongst all of the geniuses that have ever lived. If you start from something, you go to or follow through to another something.

The phrase starting from his childhood until his death actually means you're starting from the section of time inclusively between his childhood and cognitive networks phd thesis, death and not saying where you're going. Furthermore, the paper does not start from Smith's childhood because it was not being written when Smith was a child. The student means, starting with his childhood and research title page, following through to his death. That is still awkward, and the sentence would be best written: Undoubtedly, Jones was a genius, and this paper will demonstrate that by examining his entire life. So John lived for seven years with his mother's parents who did not really show him any affection . So in cognitive radio networks phd thesis, this context is colloquial and should be omitted. This really should be cited.

John's address may be a matter of public record and therefore doesn't have to be cited, but comments on formal title page the emotional quality of the household imply research, and usage essay, the student should give credit to formal paper title the source. On Ann Radcliffe! Really is colloquial, and should be omitted. While at Cambridge, Smith's genius was most productive in formal research paper title, his dedication to math . Who is Smith's genius? The student means Smith's intellect, but an the drinking not be lowered to 18 essay, intellect cannot be productive. It facilitates productivity, but it is not productive itself. Formal Paper! A better way to write this would be: Smith's intellect was best displayed in his dedication.

Math is colloquial. It should be mathematics. This information helps us to understand how we, as humans stay on the ground; we are matter as well and do have an invisible force weighing us down as we push against the drinking essay it and it pushes back against us . This hand full of knowledge has helped our scientist understand our universe of heavenly bodies and their movement. It has also allowed scientist to delve further in exploring our galaxy. Does gravity only affect humans? Granted, the student is trying to make the science seem more personal, but this is an awkward way of doing it.

It is also something that seems to indicate an essay geared to children. While you should usually write essays so they can be understood by laypersons, you can assume those laypersons are your age and research paper, intellectual peers. Essays Radcliffe! The description of the invisible force is very awkward. A better wording would be: do have an invisible force that we push against as it pushes back against us. Gravity does not, in fact, weigh people down.

The student's own definition of it earlier in the essay mentions this, and here too it is accurately described as a push, not a pull. To add in the bit about it weighing us down is contradictory. The student means handful. This is a bad description anyway, since the research paper page student is trying to show how this knowledge is on ann monumental to scientists. Both instances of scientist should be pluralized. One delves further into paper title page something, not in it. The Royal Society always had someone coming in the drinking not be, each week they met to show off their invention . Always had someone coming in is colloquial and awkward. Formal Research Paper! It should say: The Royal Society hosted a guest each week. Not Be To 18! The second part of this is page a separate sentence and should be capitalized and punctuated accordingly, or else brought into the first sentence with appropriate conjunctions.

Show off is colloquial. Demonstrate would be better. Since more than one invention was demonstrated, invention should be plural. A concluding paragraph: Jones was a great man who made an impact in all of reduce usage our lives . Formal Paper! He is recognized as one of the cognitive radio networks phd thesis centuries brilliant-minded people who helped to further math along. This intellectual man has created something which has and page, will be used for reduce energy usage, years to come.

This is an title, important part of history which will and poet, should never be forgotten. The essay has shown that Jones was brilliant and invented some useful things. It has not, however, demonstrated that he was a great man. A great man is one that embodies greatness in all things, including attitude, relationships with others, and their contributions to their society. Jones may have been all of this, but the essay did not reflect it, so it is hyperbole to declare it in the conclusion.

It is also a highly subjective comment; what makes someone great to one person may not for another. Paper Page! Centuries is the plural of century, not the possessive. The student means century's. But Jones was not of our current century, so the student should define which century they mean. Radio Networks! Impacts are made on, not in. If by all of us the student means everyone on title the planet, this is incorrect.

Jones' contributions to mathematics hardly impact the life of someone living in a non-literate, non-industrialized society. Even if the student merely means her peers, it is still hyperbole to cognitive radio networks phd thesis declare that everyone has been impacted. Formal Title Page! If you're going to mention that the person did something in your conclusion, mention what that something is. While it is unlikely that Jones' history will be forgotten, the student cannot effectively predict the future in this way. Some of reduce energy usage essay these comments may seem nitpicky, but the fact of the matter is errors such as these reflect poorly on formal title page you and your essay. No one is perfect, and an essay with one or two awkward phrases won't be marked down just for those instances. But an essay that is full of the errors listed above prevents the reader from understanding the content. If the instructor doesn't know what you mean, they can't possibly give you a good grade. Last updated in February 2005. Copyright #169 2000-2005 Kimberly Chapman. All rights reserved.

This original work is available for distribution, provided the following: it is only distributed in this complete form, it contains my name and copyright, it is not altered during distribution without my consent, and it is not used to compare contrast essays generate income for anyone without my consent. I would strongly appreciate knowing if anyone is distributing this in printed form. If you want to formal research paper title page receive notification of updates on any portion of this site, simply enter your email address here and cognitive radio networks, click/select the button to enter. You will be required to formal sign up for a free Yahoo! account to complete registration. Please note that Yahoo!'s privacy policy and other management are outside of's responsibility.

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My Little Devotional #141: “Carry On Wayward Son” Inspiration for Today’s Devotional: “Filly Forever” Sometimes for better, sometimes for worse, sometimes it’s praiseworthy, sometimes it’s worth condemnation, sometimes it’s little, sometimes it’s big, and, in my opinion, belief in formal paper title, it is what measures your degree of faith in humanity: people change. On Ann! And nowhere is that change felt more prominently by a parent or family member than in the change in research paper page, a loved one from child to foundation national essay competition adult. Rarity, as an older sister, had to face that in this episode when, in her attempt to spend some quality time with her little sister Sweetie Belle, she found out the hard way she wasn’t exactly the same pony she grew up with anymore. Yet as any long-time parent will tell you, staying connected with your loved ones as they get older isn’t always as simple as getting into their new interests, such as this episode presented. I myself don’t have children so I won’t presume to paper title page know the reduce energy full impact of what it’s like to have my kids grow up, but I’ve known some people for years as I’ve watched them grow and paper, seen them become parents themselves.

I can still recall the one point in my life where I took a look at usage, a certain individual and came to the realization that I didn’t even recognize them anymore…and, sadly in this case, it wasn’t a better person than the title old one. At first I was merely in denial, surprised by certain changes but assuming it was just a bad day or a weird mood, but as the years went on and I saw the compare contrast essays relationship with his parents change, I grew more uncomfortable about it as I realized it was a personality shift. Formal Research Paper Title Page! I spoke with the to 18 essay parents as well and I could see that they realized the same thing I realized, and it was devastating to them. They had tried their best to be good parents, sometimes succeeding and sometimes failing as many parents do, but I knew they had brought him up with a great deal of love, affection, and formal, emphasis on responsibility. To watch them turn so different was a true shock to them, especially when he reached the point of reduce energy usage his life that all teenagers did and started exerting his own independence, which led to, as expected, several broken rules, violations of trust, and eventually heated arguments. Yet now I’m old enough to see individuals like this one have their own children, and I see even when their kids are barely moving into 1st grade the concerns are the same throughout the life of title all parents. They’re always worried about them, especially when they misbehave or throw tantrums. On Ann Radcliffe! All parents have times when they need to put their foot down and exert discipline…but there’s no parent, in my opinion, who wants to be in formal research paper page, a position where their child is misbehaving so much that that’s all they do for an entire day. No parent, deep down inside, wants to “be the bad guy/gal”. Whether I’ve seen married couples or single parents, I’ve seen times when they’ve had to step out of the room so their children can’t see them lose their composure out of frustration as to what they’re doing wrong that their children are reacting to them this way, and they hate how they’re responding in dr. ambedkar foundation national essay, turn.

Children are often seen as symbols of innocence, but that means they can also be very cruel because they feel anything not directed at them doesn’t impact anyone else’s feelings. The most thoughtless thing a small child can do, thinking it’s a meaningless phrase or because they’re throwing a tantrum, is yell “I hate you” to their parents. I see these same parents, after hearing those words, fearing the years ahead and what it will mean when they become teenagers. Much like their parents before them, they’re worried that their rebellious streak will lead to a much greater rift or, as is formal research title, often sensationalized by media stories, a host of nightmarish negative outcomes. The good news is that the far majority of teenagers, for all the temptations and troubles out there and all the fears their parents experience, do make it through and to adulthood. Not Be To 18 Essay! The bad news is that doesn’t diminish the fear at the time, and, as part of growing up, everyone is going to have a point where they assert their independence and stop listening to mom and dad. In fact, there will probably be a long phase in the lives of most people, usually from late teens through mid-20s, where they’ll simply fully enjoy their “freedom” as adults and indulge in paper page, all of their fantasies while they’re young and have the ability to do so. It’s likely family will not figure into that very much. However, I’ve also noticed in most cases that with age comes maturity. Things like marriage and childbirth force the old children, if they haven’t already, to start focusing on the important things in essays radcliffe, life and realize that they themselves are no longer on top.

They start finding themselves overwhelmed with new problems and no experience, and then they start remembering they have people who aren’t their younger friends who have gone through the same things they now find themselves facing. Formal Paper! As they sit around in houses of essay their own or tend to formal research paper families of their own, they start feeling like something is missing that they only got from home. Parents and siblings slowly grow less annoying and essays on ann radcliffe, more interesting. Formal Research Page! And it’s around these times, when a person grows wise enough to start making educated decisions and finds themselves faced with new problems, I see (if they came from a good family) these same individuals start to think back to what their parents or siblings would do, or how they taught them when they grew up. The Bible says there is a season for all things. “There is a time for everything, and a season for every activity under the cognitive networks phd thesis heavens: a time to be born and a time to die, a time to plant and a time to uproot, a time to kill and a time to formal title page heal, a time to tear down and a time to build, a time to essays weep and a time to laugh, a time to mourn and a time to dance, a time to scatter stones and a time to gather them, a time to formal research paper embrace and a time to refrain from embracing, a time to search and dr. ambedkar foundation national, a time to give up, a time to keep and a time to throw away, a time to tear and a time to mend, a time to be silent and a time to speak, a time to love and research paper title, a time to hate, a time for war and radcliffe, a time for peace.” (Ecclesiastes 3:1-8) To supplement King Solomon’s famous dichotomy, I would add things like a time to be a child and a time to formal research page be an adult; a time to be rebellious and expository essays, a time to be obedient; a time to research paper title page run away from family and a time to come back to them; a time to be by energy, oneself and a time to seek the company of others. As I said to research start with, people change. Sometimes it’s something late in life, but as part of compare expository essays growing up people change normally.

They go from small, innocent, and yet self-interested and centered children to rebellious and experimental teenagers to (God willing) sensible and more empathetic adults. And we can’t always expect an individual in one phase to behave like an formal research paper individual in another. Knowledge and good upbringing will only essays on ann radcliffe, take one so far. Experience is formal title, something someone can only gain for themselves, and that is a “fruit” that one has to endure a long growing season to see become ripe. We can’t know what the future holds for our children, but they also can’t be small and reliant on us forever. The day will come when they have to dr. ambedkar foundation national competition be on their own, and, on our part, we will have to let go and trust God. And that won’t always be easy. When that day comes, all we can do is hope in the years ahead that they’ll come back.

But before that day comes, the best thing we can do is bring them up to be the formal page best people they can be, holding true to a good example and promoting the Word. There are many testimonies with a common theme out there of people who recommitted their lives to Christ as adults after “seasons” of waywardness and poet, sin–what began to turn them around was remembering how much their families tried to impress on them the importance of the Bible, church, and Lord Jesus, and they decided to go back once they hit bottom. Likewise, in cases not so severe, on the day an individual gains experience and maturity to formal research paper title page go along with their independence, people will remember what their families told them and contrast expository, showed them though they might have ignored such instruction for formal paper years. In conclusion, my suggestion is to “sow your seed” well and be patient through the reduce “growing seasons”. In due time, with commitment and formal research paper title, trust to God, it will likely blossom. Suggested Prayer: “Lord God, thank you for the gift of my loved ones each and every day; both in the days in phd thesis, which we embrace and the days in which we’re at each others throats. Formal Paper Page! If I am going through a season where I find myself unable to connect with them, or I find myself forced to energy usage essay watch them from afar, I choose to commit my relationship with them to you with hope and faith that, with your divine assistance, we will come back together. And if I am fortunate enough to formal paper title page still have my loved ones close at essays radcliffe, hand, especially if I am a parent, please help me to encourage them every day to be good people who pursue eternal values…and grant that I let them know so that they remember every day of their lives that I love them. Formal Research Page! Gratefully in Jesus’ Name, Amen.” Why Does Education Look A Lot Like Not Learning?

A couple years back, since I retained most of reduce energy my knowledge of Biology from formal paper page, my master’s degree, I tried to see if I could get a teaching certification for older public school grading levels (6-12). I eventually had to abandon it close to the end due to traits of my personality not suitable for teaching, but not before I learned a great deal about teachers and teaching in the United States of America in public schools. Don’t listen to any of cognitive that hogwash about teaching being an easy job. It’s only easy if a teacher has pretty much “given up” on trying to teach anything, and I haven’t met that teacher in a public school yet, even with tenure. College is another matter…but I won’t get into that. The basic idea is that the typical layperson who has never taught a class in page, their life and doesn’t know the slightest thing about the “overhead” involved in teaching a class thinks every problem with every public school everywhere can be fixed just by german and essayist, “trying harder” on formal research page the part of the contrast expository essays teachers. The student too…but the teachers are expected to be the ones to motivate and/or “crack the whip” on students to formal research paper get them to learn. (And, to a degree, that’s true, but only effective insofar as a student is willing to respect the teacher’s authority, which is a whole other issue.) This thinking was passed onto government representatives who attempted to enact one of the worst pieces of education legislation ever, the No-Child-Left-Behind Act which is the essays on ann radcliffe purest example of government-thought-completely-divorced-from-reality that I have seen in years. Research Title Page! Yet people continue to complain that education in the USA stinks…that we’re spending the most but getting relatively little return compared to other countries. (Which, by radio phd thesis, the way, is an erroneous distinction because all education systems are not created equal and formal paper title, it is, in fact, an “apples-to-oranges” comparison.) So what’s the problem?

There’s no easy answer…and, more importantly, no easy fix. Ideas for compare reforming education were presented decades ago and are still circulating around with no real “implementation” case that can be observed on a large scale…all for the simple fact that they’re incredibly hard to paper implement. And no, not because they mean more work for the teachers…but they mean more work for EVERYONE, including the administration and the parents…possibly the school system in general. It would essentially mean everything needs to change. No one wants that. They want to keep as much as they can of the dr. ambedkar essay old stuff because it’s “tried and true”…and by “tried and true” that means it’s been done for decades so there’s already systems and “precedents” in place that make it easy to implement instead of research title requiring a lot of usage thought and planning. Unfortunately, very little of what is “traditional” can be combined with newer ideas, which is why they remain simply “ideas” and “theories” as opposed to reality. However, there is one major problem I can point out that is formal research title page, probably the main reason that “modern education” doesn’t seem to meet its objectives… Bear with me, because when I first heard that myself, I had the snap judgment that goes with it. “Oh, so you want no standards?

You want a free-for-all? You want chaos in the classroom?” In other words, the traditional “straw men”. But the fact is you cannot have a classroom that is responsive to and essayist an individual student’s needs and growth and encourages them to learn life-long skills at an early age and have too many rigid, specific standards. That’s not to say we shouldn’t have any standards at all. Just the fact that a standard should be, at research page, best, a guideline and not be essay, an ideal not to formal title aspire to but to meet. Something that “guides” the classroom in a proper direction.

Yet that’s not what our current educational standards are. Our current educational standards were the “tradeoff” to creating public schools. When the government started providing for education, naturally parents wanted a way to verify their students were getting an education that would prepare them for the workforce as opposed to learning some chore like sewing uniforms for the army. In other words, they wanted a way to “measure” progress in education. What eventually came from that was today’s educational standards…specific things that a parent can look at, see whether or not the student learned how to do it, and then evaluate quantitatively to assess child performance. The last part is critical. Compare Expository Essays! Consider the following as a basic example.

History Objective: Understand the national climate and the circumstances that led up to the Revolutionary War. Now…here’s two different assessments… “The student’s viewpoint on the historical setting was incomplete. Paper Title! Although he grasped the state of phd thesis how there were both radicals and loyalists at research page, the time, with the radicals wanting a system where the colonial economy remained independent from Great Britain while the loyalists believed the colonies could not survive without an radio networks overarching nation, he failed to account for the background of the aftermath of the formal page French and Indian Wars which gave rise to the push for colonial taxation. He is familiar with the major events (the “Boston Tea Party”, the “Intolerable Acts”, the dr. ambedkar foundation national “Boston Massacre”, etc.), but failed to coherently place how it escalated tensions. However, he produced a very lucid and informative understanding of the importance of the Second Continental Congress having all 13 colonies represented, as opposed to the First, and how the formal research page skirmishes at Lexington and Concord eventually helped sway opinions to draft the Declaration of poet and essayist Independence.” So…did the student learn or didn’t they? From this evaluation, it seems the student didn’t understand the background at first but, as the unit progressed, he eventually began to unite more than just “dates” and “events” into formal research page, genuine understanding. But how so?

It would likely need a larger, more detailed evaluation for that. Compare it to this: “French and Indian War Aftermath Quiz – D” “The Second Continental Congress Quiz – A” This is even less informative as far as details are concerned than the cognitive first…but it has an important distinction. It assigns a cold, hard number to formal page the student’s understanding. And, in the end, that’s all that matters to statisticians and government surveys…whether or not the student got a number or value that translates to “understood most of it”, no matter how those two compare. A lot of cognitive networks phd thesis you will disagree with me at first, just as I did, but I’ll tell you the basic problem with this situation: grading. Grading is a terrible way to assess things. It would be better if we could get rid of grades all together.

Again, some of you probably have the “straw man” response. Formal Paper Page! “Then how are we supposed to know how students are doing?” First of cognitive networks all…I said no grades. Not “no assessment”. Second…if the reason for retaining the grading system is to inform how a student is doing, then the grading system needs to be scrapped. Paper Title Page! Depending on poet the situation, it’s meaningless and getting more meaningless. Grades are nothing more than teachers attempting to assign a quantitative value to formal title page learning.

Unless you’re a “trivia master”, there is little to no quantitative aspect to learning, so the energy essay system is useless. Exactly how much of your tests from grade school and high school can you remember? Even ones you pulled “all-nighters” for? Not many. Odds are you “information dumped” them and then moved onto the next topic. That’s because grades and “low-level” learning go hand in hand. “Learning” is not uniform.

There are different ways of learning that can tell whether or not you really know your stuff. On the lowest level, “learning” is formal paper title page, little more than being a parrot, simply waiting for the right question to be phrased and then spitting out the answer. Dr. Ambedkar Foundation National! This is the lowest form of learning because it requires minimal understanding. All the formal research paper title page teacher would have to poet do is formal research paper, rephrase the question slightly and the student would get it wrong because it’s no longer the “right question”. It’s also a level of on ann learning very easy to grade as well as to get high scores on formal research paper title even if you don’t understand anything. “Higher” levels is where you can apply your knowledge to a completely new situation or evaluate something novel from the perspective of on ann what you learned. It’s the goal of all “true” teaching, and once the title page student has reached this point, it’s likely the material will stick with them in some form. Take something basic for example: division. When you first learn, you have those long “math worksheets” that just have one simple division problem after another for you to work on. If you never got past that, what would happen is you would eventually simply memorize the equation and poet, put out an answer without thinking…and when a new instance emerged your thinking would be noticably slower.

However, the formal research paper teacher would start giving out on ann, questions with word problems. He or she would rephrase them, forcing you to really understand “what’s being asked” before you could use your new knowledge. Perhaps there would be a multi-level problem that requires successive or partial division. Finally, the teacher might ask the student: “What if you couldn’t have a remainder? How might you divide 1 in three ways?” or “If you divide 8 by 8, you get 1. If you divide 8 by 4, you get 2. If you divide 8 by 2, you get 4. If you divide 8 by 1, you get 8. Suppose we could get a number that was ‘half of 1’. What would be the answer if we divided by 8 by that value? Based on formal research paper title previous answers, can you imagine what would happen if we could divide by 0?” This is where we see if the student “really gets it” or not…if they can answer 16 and “a really, really, really, REALLY big number” for expository the last two questions. However, those last two questions are not things that can just be thought of at the drop of a hat. They require the research paper title student to not only sit down and think, possibly even swap ideas, but to cognitive radio phd thesis have the “idea of freedom” to research paper think of an answer.

Yet this is uncommon in a math class. Math classes have math problems…things that are either right or wrong…and that’s it. Not things that require a lot of thought and perhaps writing and are more “conceptual” in nature. Why? Simple…they’re hard to grade. The answer to “dividing by 0” is infinity, but a low-grade-level student couldn’t be expected to essays radcliffe know that. Yet even if they get the idea that the number is research title page, “really big”, that’s a bit step in the right direction.

They’ve at reduce energy, least recognized a pattern to formal division…that so long as the number on the bottom gets smaller and smaller, the answer gets bigger and bigger, which is a general concept important to get early on in division as opposed to knowing: “If I see an 8, a division symbol, and a 2, the the drinking to 18 essay answer is 4.” Yet that’s hard to grade and to give a good assessment to, especially if the student doesn’t get it in title, a “nice time frame” but it only slowly comes to them later. Foundation Essay! Hence, the teacher will prefer to heavily-bias with “formulaic” types of questions because they’re easier to assess…and also quicker to answer. Just one good “analysis” or “synthesis” question on formal paper page an exam can easily eat up over half the national essay period in a typical public school. Furthermore, what is the incentive to the student? What is the “payoff”? A letter grade. And, as mentioned before, that letter grade can be obtained simply by formal research paper title, knowing how to answer a question, not necessarily understanding why an answer is what it is. In my own experience, it’s not uncommon for students to ask for the format of a test. Obviously, tests that are multiple choice are better than tests that have short answers, which is the drinking lowered to 18 essay, better than tests that have essay answers. Easier on the teacher too, because a “good, meaty test” could take weeks to grade, and public school systems are geared to keeping students up-to-date and continuously learning new things as fast as possible. Even the government knows well-thought responses are too hard to formal paper page grade.

That’s why all standardized tests are multiple choice. The end result? Students learn how to take tests more than anything. They learn how to “cache” content knowledge just long enough for a test, and then dump it for the next load. If you’re a teacher and and essayist, you’re reading this, consider what would happen if you gave the students the following assignment: “Write a one page typed paper on what you think science is.”, and say it’s worth a third of their grade. Research Title! The students would likely panic. The “good” students would come up to you and ask if it should be five paragraphs, ask if you want examples, ask if you want an overview of history, ask if you want a theory of why we do science or what it accomplishes, etc., etc.

In other words…the students are too used to contrast essays having “structured” assignments with “measureable” goals. They want to know what they’re going to be evaluated on so they can focus and formal title, make sure those attributes are good. They don’t want to waste any time writing a “wrong” paper. They want to know what they have to do to poet be guaranteed a good grade. And one day, if they get into a “good job”, they’ll learn the hard way that the world doesn’t work in formal paper page, such a way that so long as you do A, B, and C, everything will be excellent. “But can’t you use grades even for ‘deep thought’ questions?” Yes.

It’s harder and more time consuming to reduce energy put a value on that, of course. Formal Research! It also fails to account for a student’s individual progress. On Ann Radcliffe! If an ESL student went from barely being able to say “hello” to carrying on third-grade conversations within one semester in a fifth grade English class, that’s fantastic. But according to standardized tests and NCLB, the teacher is page, doing a horrible job. But here’s the poet and essayist rub… Educational standards keep increasing in number. We keep expecting teachers to teach more and title page, more to usage essay students. In a sense…they have to. Paper Title! Human knowledge is exploding, not contracting. Every year, there’s “more to learn”…and it is completely impossible for any school to teach everything, but, as my old professor used to tell me, “You better damn well try.” I defy any non-teacher out there to try and classroom of 20 students, each one a diverse and unique individual, anything worthwhile in 45 minutes in a way the kids remember it…because that’s how long a class period is. Perhaps now you realize why teachers give progressively more homework.

There is reduce usage essay, no “reasonable” test that can assess anything in research title page, 45 minutes, or a quiz that needs only german poet and essayist, 5. Yet teachers have to give them and have to teach more and research paper title, more, because let’s be honest. Will anyone in this country ever say “we need less educational standards”? No…they’ll want even more. Phd Thesis! So a teacher is formal paper, forced to constantly use “formulaic” assessment with easy answers. They simply won’t have time for anything “meaningful”. There are a handful of german poet and essayist things that are more important than anything else that a child should learn in school.

Namely…how to study, how to take good notes, and how to formal research paper page fix a gap in essays on ann radcliffe, knowledge on their own time. In other words… how to teach yourself something. Because if you become involved in anything science and/or engineering related (like all the people who release those education statistics want you to), you have to know how to research page TEACH YOURSELF things. The days of national competition Thomas Edison are long gone. There is paper, no scientist or engineering who knows everything . It’s getting to age should not be to 18 the point where pretty much there won’t even be “specialists” in areas of science and engineering…just “sub-specialties”. Hence, there is no university that can teach you everything , especially if they intend to formal title page keep having four-year degrees. People are having to go to graduate school nowadays just to the drinking to 18 essay learn what they needed to learn in undergrad.

At some point, if a student wants to be successful, they will have to formal research title not only poet and essayist, learn how to teach themselves whatever they don’t know, but will also have to have a drive for “independent excellence”…saying something is good because they KNOW it’s good, not because it meets certain numbers on a checklist. Unfortunately, none of title this is energy usage, about to change and is likely to get far worse. The only hope a student has nowadays lies in their teacher, who, if my own experience was any indication, is being counted on to “pick up the slack” in formal page, every area. And for contrast expository 200 or so students a day, each their own individual person, that’s no easy feat. Formal Research Paper Title Page! What can a parent of a student do?

One of the best things they can do is encourage their child to take initiative and not “shy away” from a teacher. The teachers I have met were all willing to networks phd thesis be helpful and do whatever “extra” was necessary in their power to help a student succeed…but the student has to help them out here. Their minds are in a hundred places, including all their other students, and formal research page, though they’re trying hard to and essayist make sure a student doesn’t “slip through the formal research title page cracks”…you have to german help them out. Also encourage your child to formal research page have a good attitude and the drinking not be lowered essay, a desire for formal title learning. I’ll tell you what…that makes a tremendous difference. Teachers love to hear that a student enjoys learning and is trying to learn more.

It makes their day all worthwhile and encourages them to ensure your child succeeds. Cinema Sins Knockoffs Final Fantasy Ramblissida Honest Fake Trailers My Little Devotional: Christianity is Magic My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic Reviews My Little Pony: Fiendship is Magic My Little Pony: Friendship is expository, Magic. Equestria Girls My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic. IDW Comic Friends Forever Series My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic. IDW Comic Main Series My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic.

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essay right womens From Past to Present. A World Wide Movement. In spite of this recognition of the fundamental importance of page women achieving the vote, attention paid to compare contrast expository essays the history of its long struggle has been marginalized. And, the reasons for the depth of its opposition ignored. Why, for example, did it take until May, 2005, for women in Kuwait to finally achieve their full voting rights in their national elections? It is commonly believed that female suffrage was desired and fought for only in England and the United States.

Yet dynamic struggles for women#146;s basic democratic right appeared in many countries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Though these movements differed in their reasons and tactics, the fight for female suffrage, along with other women#146;s rights concerns, cut across many national boundaries. By exploring the following topics, this essay attempts to help rectify the narrow and unexamined view of female suffrage. By the turn of the twentieth century women#146;s reform was truly an international movement, one in which ideas and tactics used in one country served as models for use in another. The strength of the 19th/early 20th century struggle for women#146;s suffrage was its transnational nature. Cooperation between women of various nations gave each the resources they needed to overcome their marginalisation in the politics of their own nations. In the later decades of the 19th century, the expansion of the telegraph and growth of formal research paper page women#146;s press allowed the discussion about energy women's status and roles to be communicated from country to country. Improvements in formal research paper page, transportation facilitated like-minded women and men to attend international gathering where they met and organized. The momentum of women#146;s suffrage was bolstered by radcliffe such international movements as:

The International Woman Suffrage Association: The International Woman Suffrage Association, established between 1899 and 1902, held its first meeting in Berlin in 1904. A series of Congresses followed, each with the aim of improving women#146;s rights, and each providing a stimulus for similar transforming movements throughout the world. At the Alliances#146; seventh meeting in Budapest in 1913, euphoria about success was in the air, causing American Carrie Chapman Catt to claim: #147;Our movement has reached the last stage. Research Paper. Parliaments have stopped laughing at woman suffrage, and politicians have begun to dodge!#148; World-Wide Temperance Movement: Perhaps no other cause helped the women suffrage movement as much as temperance. The Women#146;s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) was established in the United States in 1874 as a Protestant reform movement. In 1884, its powerful, influential leader, Frances Willard, formed the radio networks, World#146;s Women#146;s Christian Temperance Union, which was spearheaded mostly by missionaries working in non-western and paper page, southern countries. When Willard saw the the drinking not be to 18 essay, link between women voting and research title, temperance, and encouraged her membership to work for the vote, the competition, WCTU leadership skills and organizational resources everywhere provided an enormous boast to formal research paper title page sometimes flagging suffrage causes. International Socialism: In 1907 international socialism decided to support women#146;s suffrage. Socialists were bent on organizing working class women.

Since bans against female party membership existed within most traditional political parties, Socialists, having to the drinking age should not be to 18 organize women separately from men, managed to create successful female oriented movements in some countries. Most Socialists went beyond civic issues to link suffrage to a fundamental challenge to research paper page gender relations. German Socialists, for example, demanded sexual emancipation and essays, more control for women within their families as well as the vote. Socialist tactics also influenced militant suffragism after the 1890s. Most effective was a section within the British movement, the Women#146;s Social and Political Union (WSPU), which used aggressive tactics of political confrontation to bring attention to the suffrage cause.

Groups in other nations imitated the British, such as the suffragettes in Argentina and the United States. And, in 1912 in Nanking, the research title page, Chinese Woman Suffrage Alliance broke windows and stormed the age should essay, parliament building demanding equality of the sexes and women#146;s right to vote. The League of Nations and United Nations: The establishment of these international bodies significantly forwarded the goal of universal female suffrage. Paper Page. In 1946 a Commission on Women was established, and the Convention of the Political Rights for Women was adopted in 1952. Inter-regional and Pan-national Organizations: Region specific coalitions also strengthened individual movements. Although Latin American women participated in reduce essay, several inter-American and European conferences, they had more success when they formed supportive alliances within the formal research title page, South American continent. The first South American International Feminine Congress took place in Buenos Aires in the drinking age should not be lowered to 18, 1910. And, although the 1928 founded Inter-American Commission of Women at first was driven by formal research title page North American issues, it increasingly geared itself to the needs of Latin American women. By the 1940s, the Commission had become an almost exclusively Latin American organization. Pan-Pacific women#146;s networks also became effective advocates of reduce essay women#146;s political equality, as did those within countries with great regional diversity. Research Paper Title Page. As an example, women in India by the end of the nineteenth century were forming their own organizations.

The first all-India organization, the Women#146;s Indian Association was established in 1917, and by 1918 was holding gatherings all over India in support of women#146;s franchise. International Council of Women, Berlin, 1904. Women#146;s struggle for suffrage was long and sometimes bitter. Networks Phd Thesis. In most cases women won the right to vote in uneven stages. Full suffrage occurs when all groups of paper title page women are included in national voting and can run for any political office. In most cases women won the right to cognitive networks vote in uneven stages. New Zealand in 1893 was first. Liberalism was a strong force in this pioneering land which increasingly rejected what it viewed as archaic attitudes from the #147;Old World.#148; The support of social reform issues, including temperance, gave New Zealand suffragists the edge they needed.

The now famous #147;Women#146;s Suffrage Petition#148; is credited with being a major force for this success. Signed by close to one quarter of the research, female adult population, the petition was the largest of its kind in New Zealand and german and essayist, other western countries. Paper. It is comprised of 546 sheets of paper, all glued together to form one continuous roll 274 metres long, with the signatures of over 10,000 adult women. A few Maori women signed, but at this time they mainly were concerned with achieving political participation rights for the whole tribe. The New Zealand breakthrough sent ripples throughout the on ann, world. New Zealand women suffrage supporters were invited to many countries to visit, lecture, and even join in demonstrations. Contingent of New Zealanders. Supporting British Suffragists in a Parade.

In Europe, Finland, Norway and research title page, Iceland were among the first to grant female suffrage. Most other western governments only extended suffrage to german and essayist women during or just after WWI, even though women#146;s rights had been widely debated in their societies for formal, many decades. Even though suffrage movements in the United States were large and vigorous in dr. ambedkar competition, the early twentieth century, it took women there seventy-two years from first claiming the franchise in 1848 to achieving it in formal research paper title page, 1920. It was an essays, equally long process in Britain where women#146;s important work in WWI provided an opportunity for the government to act on suffrage without seeming to capitulate to the tactics of the more militant arm of England's #147;suffragette#148; movement. France was one of the last in Europe to enfranchise women, even though the demand for women#146;s rights was first voiced by Olympe de Gouge during the French Revolution, and it was in France that the research title, most radical critique of women#146;s subordination was developed. French suffragists, however, throughout the early part of the 20th century faced opposition from politicians, many of whom were Socialists who feared women would support Catholicism and right-wing political conservatism. French women won the vote as late as 1944. French women, nonetheless, fared better than the Swiss.

It took efforts of the Swiss Federation for german, Women#146;s Suffrage from page 1909 to expository 1971 before women in Switzerland were allowed to vote in national elections, and research paper title page, not until 1989 could women in cognitive, the Appenzell Interiour Rhodes canton vote in their local elections. In colonized countries, women demanded the right to vote not just from paper title stable republics, but from colonial powers. Anti-colonial nationalist movements in some cases encompassed women#146;s suffrage. For example, in India in 1919, poet and political activist Sarojini Naidu headed a small deputation of radio women to England to page present the case for female suffrage before a select committee set up to networks phd thesis create a proposal for constitution reforms aimed at the inclusion of some Indians in government. Although the British committee found the proposition preposterous, they allowed future Indian provincial legislatures to grant or refuse the franchise to women. To the formal page, British surprise, many did, making it possible within a short span of usage time for women to be represented, however limited, on a par with men. Research Page. Universal suffrage for all adults over 21 was not achieved, however, until it became part of India#146;s 1950 Constitution.

Women in the drinking lowered, newly independent states in Africa typically won the vote around the year 1960. On winning national independence, most of the ex-colonized countries created constitutions which guaranteed the franchise to both men and women. In other countries, like South Africa where only whites were allowed to vote for members of the research page, central government, white women gained the right to vote for central government in 1930, while black and colored women voted for the first time in 1994. Today only a few countries do not extend suffrage to women, or extend only limited suffrage. In Bhutan there is only one vote per family in village-level elections. In Lebanon women have to cognitive radio phd thesis have proof of title page education before they vote. In Oman, only 175 people chosen by the government, mostly male, vote, and dr. ambedkar foundation essay competition, Kuwait only in 2005 granted women the right to vote in the 2007 elections. Some countries, like Saudi Arabia, which have denied the vote to men as well as women, recently opened the vote in provisional elections to men.

Women in Bahrain Voting for the First Time. Reasons for granting female suffrage have varied. Sometimes responses to political change, or to societal anxieties, forwarded the cause. In Sweden, for example, women#146;s suffrage seems to have been an attempt to ward off more radical changes. In Germany, the formal title, ending of imperial rule in german and essayist, 1918 opened the door for women to push for the vote. In Canada, the federal government used female suffrage as a political tool, enfranchising army nurses and female relatives of soldiers serving overseas in order to secure an paper page, election victory. A #147;nativist#148; argument also influenced the opinion of some in Canada, and in other parts of the world with large non-Northern European immigrant ethnic and radio networks, racial minorities. One pro-suffrage argument in Canada was that white British Canadian women deserved the vote because the franchise had already been entrusted to naturalized male immigrants from Central Europe. In the United States the same argument was used, as was the fact that African American males had already won the vote before white women. The same reasoning was used by some white settlers in New Zealand, anxious about indigenous peoples#146; access to political rights when it was denied to white women. More common was the incorporation of female suffrage into general reform movements.

The push for female political power sometimes occurred when it was clear that without political power little would change for women, even with the passage of substantive reforms. Concepts of the inherent equality between men and women, however, were not the dominate reasons given for suffrage. Most believed that women, as women, had different and special contributions to make. Being most concerned with the welfare of their families, women would best bring this special knowledge into the political arena. Formal Research Paper. A principle temperance argument was that women were more likely to vote for german poet and essayist, prohibition as a way to safeguard the family. Economic reasons for female suffrage were utilized as well. One stressed that once women were full citizens they would be in a position to press for equal salaries. Also, women#146;s economic independence depended on their ability to have a say in laws regarding their right to formal paper title work and improvement in networks, their working conditions.

In the colonized states, the colonizers used the research title, #147;woman question#148; to essays justify their dominance, claiming that women in their subject nations were #147;backward#148; and in need of #147;uplifting.#148; Ignoring the demands of women in their own countries, they were sometimes more willing to push for women#146;s reforms abroad. On the other hand, nationalistic movements in colonized and other non-western nations began to title page link attempts at modernization with an improvement in the status of women. German Poet. In many instances, liberal nationalists, many of them male, needed the active support of women to help fulfill their dream of an independent, modern state. Kimura Komako in New York City studying. methods of American women suffragists. The question of why female suffrage was so difficult to achieve has been answered in different ways. #149; Suffrage Challenged the Existing Order: Custom and research page, laws in many countries had placed men as supreme in public sphere and within the german poet, family. Deep cultural beliefs in male/female differences in formal, altitudes and abilities supported this situation, and giving the women the vote posed a direct threat to male powers and privileges. Changes in women#146;s reforms, such as access to education or property rights, were justified because they were viewed as an improvement in women#146;s social position. Suffrage, on the other hand, challenged the existing order by dr. ambedkar foundation national essay competition threatening the basis of women#146;s subordination in society. Granting suffrage was a revolutionary act.

Conservative Kuwait lawmakers recently blocked women#146;s vote by arguing that giving women would essentially double women#146;s power. Citing claims that Islam and Kuwaiti custom bar women from holding office, the head of the Parliament#146;s human rights committee in May, 2005, said that men #147;are technically the formal paper, head of the nation here.#148; #149; Many Women didn#146;t Want it. This rationale swayed many a male legislator. Essays On Ann. It is research page true that at compare contrast, times even well educated women in countries with high percentages of female illiteracy joined men who claimed that as long as the majority of women were still illiterate and ignorant, it would be dangerous to formal paper extend them the vote. The anti-suffrage groups in the U.S., for example, were mainly led by women. New York City, 1920. #149; Fear of a Lose of Female rights.

Some women and men worried that if the concept of male #147;protection#148; of women were broken, women would be forced to compete with men in areas which they were not prepared to. Giving women political independence would even change male/female roles in contrast essays, the family structure, severely damaging it. #149; Women#146;s Essential Femininity would be Sacrificed. Most women did not want to research title give up what they saw as essential characteristics of their female nature if voting meant that they would have to enter the rough and disorderly realm of radio phd thesis politics. Page. There were fears that when women entered the public arena their #147;natural#148; roles of foundation national competition wife and mother would be undermined. In South America, feminists were most successful when they developed ideas for paper title, improving women#146;s condition that did not challenge some basic social values.

Suffrage became only one part of the process of social change which recognized the need first to usage essay address women#146;s problems associated with their health and work. Feminist and suffrage supporters in non-western regions tended to be accused of blindly imitating Western women, who were perceived as aggressive and shameless. Japanese women#146;s internationalism was attacked using this very argument. In the years leading up to World War II, members of the Japanese Diet increasingly portrayed women#146;s suffrage as immoral and as running counter to Japanese customs. #149; National Needs Come First: In countries fighting for their independence from colonial rule there was pressure on women to wait their turn. Even Gandhi, who had brought women into the public struggle for self sufficiency from Great Britain, stated that although he wanted women to take their proper place by formal paper title page the side of energy usage essay men, the timing was wrong for a #147;votes for women#148; campaign; women instead should use their energies #147;helping their men against the common foe.#148; Women suffrage supporters, too, tended to formal research paper be more nationalistic than feminist, arguing that votes for women were necessary so that they could imbue their children with ideas of nationalism.

#149; Resistance of Liberal/Left Politicians: Some supporters of progressive legislation worried that acts by women#146;s militant suffrage would harm the #147;larger#148; cause of and essayist progressive politics. Title Page. There further was concern that once given the vote, women might all vote for compare contrast, conservative parties. Women in Mexico sadly missed the formal research page, chance to competition gain suffrage in 1930s because of these fears. In 1934, General Lázaro Cárdenas drafted a bill to implement female suffrage, which was passed by both the Senate and Chamber of Deputies, was ratified by the states, and only needed formal declaration to be made into law. That declaration never came. Formal Title Page. The presence of a number of street demonstrations, a threatened hunger strikes by feminists, and fears that women would be unduly influenced by the clerical vote, unnerved Cárdenas at the last moment.

Since the suffrage campaign was not a mass movement, it was easy to let the needed declaration slip away. Mexican women did not receive federal vote until 1958. #149; Suffrage Granted and the Denied: Suffrage, or its promise, has been granted and reduce energy essay, then retracted at various times. During the research paper, liberalization phase of Japan#146;s Meiji government in the 1880s, it seemed that Japan#146;s #147;first feminists#148; were going to achieve their goal of on ann radcliffe political participation. But all was ended in 1889 with the passing of title page laws which not only denied women voting rights, but even the right to join political parties. In the 1920s, Japanese feminists campaigned again, but the growing imperialism of the Meiji state and rising tide of Japanese militarism in the early 1930s turned Japanese suffragists back. When the Japanese military took control of the country in the 1930s, all democratizing movements were suppressed.

It took people like Ichikawa Fusae decades of compare contrast expository essays arguing that women#146;s suffrage was a fundamental human right before it was enshrined in the new Japanese constitution of 1945. In 1956 in Egypt, thirty-three years after feminists had first demanded suffrage, the revolutionary government granted women the page, right to vote. And Essayist. But from the formal research page, start, the reduce energy essay, state and official Islam obstructed women#146;s political rights by research title page banning feminist organizations and suppressing the poet and essayist, public expression of their views. Thus the same year that the state granted women the right to research paper title vote, women were suppressed as independent political actors. Similarly Iran, which had granted women suffrage in 1963 and passed numerous women#146;s equal rights legislation in the 70s, repealed all these gains when the revolutionary government of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini came to power in 1979. Women were eliminated from all decision-making positions within the cognitive phd thesis, government, dress requirements were enforced, and women#146;s organizations were declared corrupt and disbanded. The future looks brighter today.

A growing urban, middle class is formal research page making some progress by situating women#146;s rights within the cultural framework of Iran, and noting that in order to modernize, Iran must improve the german poet, status of women. Irish Cartoon, 1913. Suffrage has not been an formal research page, automatic stepping stone to full equality for women. One problem was that once suffrage was achieved, the common ground among women fighting for it was lost. Fears that participation in politics was #147;unladylike#148; remained, as did the on ann, old resistance and hostile attitudes against it.

This means that major changes in women#146;s political activities, other than exercising their right to vote, have been long in coming. Today, women are struggling to gain equal participation in political office alongside men. Of interest is the use in over 41 countries of parity quotas and quota laws to achieve political gender balance. Responding to strong pressure by women#146;s organizations, gender quotas have appeared in many new constitutions, like the one of Rwanda, and recently in the constitution of formal research title Iraq. This means that a certain number of parliamentary seats are reserved for women.

The seats are distributed among the essays, political parties in proportion to the number of research paper title seats awarded in parliament. In South Africa, a municipal law stipulates that 50 percent of all candidates for the local office have to poet and essayist be women. India in 1992 enacted a 33 percent policy to reserve seats for women in research paper page, Parliament and throughout the State Government. The final effectiveness of this policy is unknown, but so far, as many as one million women have gotten an opportunity to enter institutions as members and office bearers; many more have participated in energy usage, elections and as campaigners for state legislatures. Most dramatic has been the change in the landscape of local politics. In some cases, women for the first time have sat with village leaders, and sometimes even had a turn heading village affairs. Demonstration for parity in the Lower House of Parliament.

Ellen Dubois, #147;Woman Suffrage: The View from the Pacific,#148; Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 69, No. 4, Marlene Le Gates, #147;Making Waves: A History of Feminism in Western Society,#148; Copp Clark, Ltd., 1996. Robin Morgan, editor, #147;Sisterhood is Global: The International Women#146;s Movement Anthology,#148; Anchor Press, Doubleday, 1984. Karen Offen, #147;European Feminism: 1700-1950: A Political History,#148; Stanford University Press, 2000.

#147;Suffrage Beyond: International Feminist Perspectives#148;ø, edited by Caroline Daley Melanie Nolan, New York University Press, 1994. A History of the Women's Rights Movement (Suggested by research page Barbara Kelley's Middle School Students) Lyn Reese is the author of essay all the information on this website.