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biography of people “Change will not come if we wait for coursework some other person, or if we wait for some other time. Anti Smoking? We are the ones we've been waiting for. We are the change that we seek.” ? Katharine Hepburn, Me: Stories of My Life. Help Coursework? ? George Bernard Shaw, Man and Superman. Positive aspects of the First World War. there was no bitterness at all. There's many a German who helped our wounded people down the financial case, communication trenches, even carried them down. There was no hatred between the forces. Although we were shooting at one another. - Private Harold Startin, Forgotten voices of the Somme' - Joshua Levine. You didn't hate them as individuals, no, no, you felt sorry for them. - Corporal Wilfred Woods Forgotten voices of the Somme - Joshua Levine. Help? Many soldiers on both sides developed an attitude of 'live and let live' - periods where they would try and avoid killing the quoting in an mla, soldiers a few hundred yards in other trenches.
The Generals and politicians on both sides hated this 'live and let attitude' and the bitterness of future battles often ended these periods of calm. But, it was a reminder than even supposed enemies, can at times find a shared humanity. Thomas A Beckett (1118-70) - Archbishop of Canterbury who infuriated King Henry II through placing the Church above the King. Beckett was murdered in help coursework, Canterbury Cathedral on the indirect orders of the King. Letter Applicant? Joan of Arc -(1412 – 1431) Joan of Arc received Divine messages which helped the Dauphin of France to drive out the English from parts of France.
She was arrested for help her 'heterodox religious beliefs'. She was burnt at the stake for refusing to recant her experiences and communion with God. The Oxford Martyrs - Hugh Latimer and write scholarship essay, Nicholas Ridley, and the Archbishop Thomas Cranmer. Help? They were burned at the Stake in Oxford 1555 for refusing to renounce their Protestant faith and essay mccain, accept the Roman Catholic faith of Queen Mary I. Help? St. Stephen as recorded in the Acts 6:8–8:3,the first Christian Martyr James the Great (Son of Zebedee) was beheaded in 44 A.D. Philip the study report, Apostle was crucified in 54 A.D. Matthew the Evangelist killed with a halberd in 60 A.D. Help Coursework? James the Just, beaten to death with a club after being crucified and stoned. Matthias was stoned and beheaded.
Saint Andrew, St. Peter's brother, was crucified. Saint Mark was dragged in the streets until his death Edith Stein (Carmelite nun, died at quoting mla Auschwitz), 1942. World peace can be acheived. When, in each person, The power of love. Replaces the love of power. Chasing after the world. Allowing it all to come to me.
Walk and touch peace every moment. Walk and touch happiness every moment. Each step brings a fresh breeze. Help? Each step makes a flower bloom. A list of the greatest French artists and painters: (1962)” ? John F. Kennedy. The history of all hitherto existing society is the essay john mccain, history of class struggles. Help On Reggae Coursework? “Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery?
Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!” ? Patrick Henry. And see the revolutions of the times. Make mountains level, and the continent. Weary of solid firmness, melt itself. Into the essay on tkam, sea!
William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part II (c. 1597-99) Explorers from the golden ages of exploration. Help? The Elizabethan age of exploration - 15th, 16th Century. The fall of Constantinople made trade with Asia across land very difficult. There was an incentive for Europeans to find direct sea routes to the India continent. This was first achieved by the Portuguese Vasco de Gama in 1498, when he arrived in Calicut, India. Wealth of Europe.
European countries, like Spain, Portugal, Holland and England became increasingly wealthy and good afford to fund exploration. In addition, these explorations became quite profitable due to trade and / or plundering of raw materials. The Spanish monarchy funded Christopher Colombus in 1492 to travel to America. Christian missionary movement. Write? Part of the motive for help on reggae coursework exploration was to share the principles of Christianity and convert 'heathen pagans' Empire rivalry. Of Recommendation For Job? One of the help, biggest motivations was to extend the political, military and how to essay, political power of the on reggae, European nations by claiming parts of the 'new world.' For example, one of England's most famous explorers Sir Walter Raleigh, was executed after fighting the Spanish. Improvements in technology which enabled longer sea journeys. The dark side of the age of exploration.
The Heroic age of exploration - Polar regions. Ernest Shackleton.British Antarctic Expedition 1907 (Nimrod Expedition) Roald Amundsen reaching the letter, south Pole in 1911. On Reggae? Robert F Scott's - Antarctic expedition of 1910-11 - which led to death of all five members, close to the South Pole Ernest Shackleton - Endurance 1914-17 - First transcontinental crossing attempt. Other great periods of exploration. Space Exploration 1950s and 1960s Marco Polo's journeys to Asia in the 13th Century African explorations of the ninenteenth Century. Led by smoking essays David Livingstone's attempt to find the source of the Nile, the help on reggae, late Nineteenth Century saw a 'dash for Africa' Related. Is professional cycling clean or is doping still prevalent?
It wasn't just Lance Armstrong who was doping, numerous other winners and riders were implicated - either failing dope tests or admitting to having doped in their career. Test for EPO which has caught riders Biological passport which looks for evidence of for job, blood manipulation Changed atmosphere in the peleton. The days of bullying riders who speak against doping is hard to imagine. Riders, such as Kittel, have been increasingly vocal in their opposition to on reggae doping. No evidence from letter of recommendation applicant, former employees of Team Sky (unlike US postal where there was a steady drop of former mechanics, riders coming out to help say doping was endemic in the team) Greater transparency in allowing access to team and data. Froome was tested 19 times during the tour. According to Ross Tucker of the sports science institute at how to a winning scholarship the University of Cape Town, the power-to-weight ratio of help coursework, today's top riders is lower than in the EPO era. In the john, late 1990s and early 2000s if you were going to be competitive and win the Tour de France you would have to be able to cycle between 6.4 and 6.7 watts per kilogram at the end of a day's stage. What we are seeing now, in the last three or four years, is that the speed of the front of the peloton [of] men like Bradley Wiggins, Chris Froome and coursework, Vincenzo Nibali, is about 10% down compared to that generation and now the power output at the front is about 6W/kg. (Are drug free cyclists slower?) Some remain sceptical, frequently over the years and there has been good reason to be sceptical after a series of cyclists have later proved to have doped. However, there is good reason to scholarship essay feel the sport is cleaner than before.
Democracy is two wolves and a lamb voting on what to have for lunch. Liberty is a well-armed lamb contesting the vote! “You have to remember one thing about the will of the people: it wasn't that long ago that we were swept away by the Macarena.”
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How to Make a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide (+30 Examples) For most people, writing a good resume is help on reggae tough, and it takes time. Anti Smoking Essays. And the worst part comes when you finally think that you have a great resume, but you're still not getting interviews. Wouldn't it be wonderful if you could figure out how to help coursework make a resume that would get you an interview almost EVERY time you applied for a job? It is if you follow the how to write a winning process that I am about to help on reggae share with you step-by-step.
And BEST of all, this resume writing process is quick, and how to write a winning, it's proven to land you interviews. That's true even if you want to on reggae write your first resume and have no experience, or if you're a professional who wants to know how to write a resume that stands out. Here's what you're going to find: How to write a resume for a job with examples for every section. Quick but little-known tips to follow to get up to 10x MORE INTERVIEWS. Answers to all of your questions about how to make the best resume for a job. How to create a resume online that you can track and send to get more interviews. A checklist that will help you make sure you know how to prepare a great resume.
Here's an example of how to make a good resume for work versus a great resume. What's the difference? Is it the way it looks? Not only. We've optimized the sample resume on the right to follow the advice that I will share with you in quoting, this article. So how do you make a resume? Let me show you step-by-step: Resume vs.
CV. On Reggae Coursework. What's the difference? Hello, blank page. John. Now, what? A resume is on reggae a document that showcases your work experience, education, and skills so that you can apply for a job. What's the difference between a resume and a CV? Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a Latin phrase meaning course of life and letter, is a document that entails much more than a resume. Not only is a CV longer than a resume, but it showcases accomplishments and on reggae coursework, experience in much greater detail. It's the ideal document for academics. So, knowing how to write an academic resume is knowing how to write a CV.
If you need to financial case study know more, read our guide: CV vs. Resume: What is the Difference? When to Use Which (Examples) Once you know if you should write a CV or resume, it's time to coursework choose the right format. How to Choose a Professional Resume Format. What does a resume look like? There are three types of professional resume formats: Most job seekers choose the reverse-chronological resume format. Mla. Here's what a sample resume looks like written in help on reggae, the reverse-chronological format: Traditional Familiar to Recruiters.
Experienced professionals can highlight skills. Career changers can emphasize transferrable skills. Uncommon and not as familiar to recruiters. John. Not suggested for coursework entry-level job seekers. Entry-level job seekers can emphasize skills instead of letter of recommendation applicant experience. Recruiters may think you're hiding something. Still not sure which professional resume format is best for help you? Need to smoking essays see examples of resumes with different layouts? Read our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Contact Information Is Not as Basic as It Seems. Despite the professional resume format you choose, your contact information goes at the top.
Here is how to help on reggae write a resume contact section: Adding your address is optional. It is no longer necessary to add it to a modern resume. Plus, it might be better to quoting essay mla exclude it if you are applying for help coursework a job that isn’t local. Your email address should be professional which means: Choosing a sophisticated email provider. Not using your current work email. Instead, create a professional, private email address.
Avoiding email addresses from when you were in high school. Essay On Tkam. It won’t amuse recruiters to see [email protected] or [email protected] . Okay, maybe it will amuse them a little bit, but they won’t call you for an interview. Adding URLs to your personal website or blog directs recruiters to your portfolio or extra work that you want to help on reggae show without cluttering up your perfect resume. Pro Tip: Make sure you review your social media accounts to check for smoking essays unprofessional content. When you add a link to your social media profiles, make sure they're optimized to give recruiters the best impression. On Reggae Coursework. Not sure how to optimize your LinkedIn profile to attract employers? Read our guide: How to Optimize Your LinkedIn Profile To Get More Jobs Here’s How the Best Candidates Start Their Resumes. Again, what does a resume look like? Well, you know that contact information comes first. But what comes next?
Education? Experience? Does it matter where you put things when you're deciding how to make a resume? The short answer is anti yes, it does matter. That's because your best stuff should go in the top third of your resume. And the help best way to how to a winning essay start any killer resume is with an introduction to help coursework yourself. Think of it like this: The top of your resume is the penthouse - the most important piece of real estate on the document. Letter Applicant. But why? The average recruiter spends six seconds scanning your resume in between reading Facebook messages from help on reggae coursework, grandma, drinking coffee, and deciding what's for quoting in an lunch.
She is looking for very specific information, and she is only going to look for it in the top third of your resume. Help On Reggae Coursework. If you do not grab her attention - game over. That's why a creative resume summary or objective can save the day. Here's a sample resume: What is a resume summary statement?
A resume summary is a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and skill set. Anti Smoking Essays. It should also demonstrate why you'll be a valuable hire. Boyfriend Material experienced at laying coats over on reggae, mud puddles, opening doors, and pulling out chairs. Charming, funny, and a great conversationalist seeking to essays leverage 10+ years of on reggae coursework experience delivering anecdotes to entertain you through boring social events. Has an MA in hand holding and a license to cook romantic dinners. What is a resume objective statement? A resume objective achieves the same thing as a resume summary. The difference is mccain how you write one and who should use it.
Experienced Chef interested in becoming a Zoo Keeper. Tons of coursework experience with picky clients who need to anti essays be fed with the right food at the right time. Want to apply my patience and understanding of coursework complicated clients to taking care of angry lions at the Zoo. This candidate chose an effective resume objective over a summary because he is changing his career from chef to essay mccain zookeeper. Either way, the on reggae point is to focus on letter for job applicant, the employer's needs and not your own. Who should use an objective for a resume? Entry-level Applicants and Students Career Changers Professionals Targeting Specific Positions. You can also choose to write something called a professional profile . On Reggae. When considering how to write a resume profile, think of it as a hybrid that crosses elements of the objective and the summary. A good resume profile lists your qualifications, experience, and education regarding the company’s needs and values. It can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list with resume bullet points.
Wouldn't it be nice to have some resume examples of summaries tailored specifically to your profession? Read our guide: A Resume Summary That Will Get You The Job [7 Secret Steps] How to Write a Resume Experience Section That's More Than a List. The first section that should appear in the body of an excellent resume is the john section that will best show off your skills and accomplishments. For most of you, that will probably be the experience section. Let's say you're learning how to make a student resume, or have little or no work experience. In that case, lead with your education or skills section. But do you know how to help on reggae write a resume employment history? When you start writing a resume experience section you will want to keep a few things in write a winning essay, mind: Write your job history in reverse-chronological order - start with your current position. Include around six bullet points describing the on reggae scope of your responsibilities. Tailor each of these bullets points to financial reflect the skills listed in the job description.
Follow the bullet point format (see below), and include facts and on reggae, figures. You should try to include achievements that show your professional impact. Write Essay. Tell a career story that reinforces your professinal persona. Sample Resume Experience Entry: Spearhead a global brand strategy for our top performing product. Analyze market trends and recommend solutions resulting in a 10% upswing in help on reggae, sales annually. Prepare Portfolio Deployment Plans. Head up a team of 10+ marketing specialists.
Organize marketing materials. Responsible for brand strategy. Responsible for analyzing market trends. Responsible for case report a team of marketing specialists. Now, what if you have career gaps in your job history or a habit of job hopping? Let’s face it.
Not all of us have a pristine job history. And it's difficult to help coursework know how to how to write a winning create a resume that addresses career gaps without cheating. One approach is to help on reggae include a brief explanation next to each job. By briefly stating that your stay became short lived due to downsizing or relocation, you will reassure the recruiter that you're not a risky candidate. Chronic career hoppers may be tempted to quoting a speech in an mla tamper with dates, leaving only the years in their experience section: Excluding the coursework months makes it look like you worked a year instead of quoting a speech essay mla three months.
But it's a dirty trick that employers know well, which makes it a big no, no. Pro Tip: Feel free to list “non-traditional” work in your experience section - like volunteer jobs or freelance work. Is Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. You should also write your education section of your resume in on reggae coursework, reverse-chronological order, with your most recent degree appearing first. Usually, you will want to financial case study report include the type of help on reggae degree, your major, your university, and any honors or awards you received. You can skip your GPA. But if you're a recent college graduate who's making a student resume, it's okay to add your GPA if it's 3.5 or higher. You can also include a coursework narrative. Write A Winning Scholarship. For professionals, the inclusion of a coursework narrative is on reggae coursework another way to reinforce a professional persona. Do you know how to make a resume when you have a GED or didn't graduate?
Not sure how to write a degree on a resume? We can help with that. Check out our article: How To Put Your Education On A Resume [Tips Examples] Why You Need to Focus on Your Skills Section. When you consider how to make a good resume that stands out , it has everything to do with sprinkling your skills throughout your resume. But, it also makes sense to have a big section labeled “ SKILLS .” Use the smoking key skills listed in the job description. This will also help you create a modern resume for a job that will pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. More about that later.
Recruiters should be able to see two things when they look at your skills for coursework a resume: You have the skill set they want and requested in the job post. You have extra skills that prove you are a valuable worker. Do you want to know how to make a great resume for a job that showcases the best resume skills? I thought so. Read our guide: What Skills To Put On a Resume [Examples + 6 Proven Tips] How to Add Other Resume Sections While Making an Effective Resume. Here are some additional resume sections you can consider adding if you don't feel the anti smoking essays traditional resume sections are doing it for you.
Students and help on reggae, fresh graduates - you may want to essay on tkam consider adding a separate section for awards or honors, or a section for extracurricular activities. If you've got a technical background - you might want to on reggae coursework consider an extra section for essay john certificates, licenses, or software. Some professionals who have opted for help making a resume for work over essays, an academic CV might still want to add a section for help publications or conferences. Others may want to a winning scholarship add a section that shows off their command of languages or other achievements and projects. Whatever you decide to add, just make sure that your additions don't overwhelm your resume. You still want everything to fit onto coursework one page if possible. No One Adds a Hobbies Section, But It Works So Well. The hobbies section of a resume is optional.
But, I recommend adding one if you have space. Adding your interests shows off extra skills for a resume, makes your resume stand out, and gives the anti smoking essays hiring manager a fuller image of help on reggae coursework you. Your interests are also a way to make yourself more attractive and memorable to your potential employer. You can always cut this section later if your resume is too long. Not convinced? Well, it's true. Adding a hobbies and interests section can boost a contemporary resume. Find out how: Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) How to Write a Perfect Resume Tailored to study report the Job Description. Did you know that R2D2 might run a scan on your resume before a human does?
On average, a corporate job offer attracts up to 250 resumes . Of those, 4 to help 6 candidates will get invited for an interview. And only one person will get the of recommendation for job applicant job. With that many resumes to sift through, recruiters are using something called Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. The software compares your resume to help the job description based on keywords. How To Write A Winning Scholarship. How to prepare a resume that will make it through ATS? You need to tailor your resume. Tailoring a resume to the job description is adding keywords and information from the job offer. For starters, you're going to want to make a master resume. A master resume is an updated version of all your work experience, skills, and accomplishments.
When you sit down to write a tailored version of your resume, you will pick and coursework, choose material from your master resume to smoking match the specific job for which you are applying. To further tailor the content to the job description, you're going to add keywords that you find in the offer. Let's say you want to apply for a job as a copywriter. The job description says: Able to work on several campaigns at once, sometimes under pressure and often to tight deadlines. To tailor your basic resume, you will want to help add some of the john mccain phrases verbatim to your experience section. For example: Work on several campaigns at once. To make it more powerful, you can add details such as the number of campaigns you can juggle at on reggae once. Here is an financial case study example of help a resume job description with all of the how to write a winning scholarship essay keywords highlighted along with a resume sample that we've tailored to match. Need more in-depth information about how to make a resume that's tailored to the job description?
Need more resume samples? Read our guide: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description How to Prepare a Resume That Will Attract ANY Recruiter. If you're struggling with how to help make a good resume stand out, all you need to of recommendation for job do is make things quantifiable. On Reggae. Wherever possible. Everywhere. Because using numbers gives the recruiter some tangible proof of an achievement. Here are some basic resume examples of achievements: The hiring manager now sees quantifiable, specific proof of your achievements. Using numbers also improves the readability of the text, and draws the eye of the recruiter. No One Adds Achievements, But It Works So Well.
Adding achievements to your resume is an extremely effective way of selling your skills and experience. All you have to do is add your achievements as resume bullet points in letter applicant, your experience section. You will want to use the help on reggae PAR ( Problem Action Result ) Approach to writing your achievements: Here're a few right and quoting a speech in an, wrong resume examples of how to help write achievements: Problem : My previous employer wanted to increase revenue. Action : I created a new marketing campaign on Facebook. Result : We saw an increase in sales by 15% and an increase in revenue by 10%.
Not sure how to case study report quantify your achievements? Want more examples of help on reggae coursework accomplishments to put on a contemporary resume? Read our guide: Examples of Professional Achievements To Put On A Resume [3 Tips] Turn Boring Words Into Action Words - Here’s How. How many times have you used the essay on tkam phrase responsible for in your experience section? More than once? You may want to consider mixing up your vocabulary. Overusing words and phrases like “responsible for” or “manage” is boring. Now, while you should avoid jargon and empty words, action verbs can spice up your resume and make it stand out.
Also, be sure to help use the how to a winning scholarship essay present tense when describing your current role. Here're a few before and after resume examples: Pro Tip: Don't overdo it. You don't want to sound like a freshman English major flexing a large vocabulary. Help. And avoid resume buzzwords like synergy. Trust me. The Best Candidates Know How to Show Their Career Progression. What makes a good resume?
CEO, Director, Manager - all you need is a big, impressive title, right? At this point, you probably figured out that knowing how to build a resume goes far beyond listing fancy titles. What really matters, is whether those titles are backed up by how to scholarship essay, a story of help on reggae career progression. For example, describing yourself as a social media manager won’t be credible if all you did was the essay on tkam marketing for your parent’s pizza place. You have to show a steady progression into help on reggae coursework a management position. Anti Essays. Each former role should reinforce your place in the next one. Rather than repeating duties when you describe previous roles, write about the on reggae coursework new tasks you took on when you advanced. Responsible for the creation of a global brand strategy for a major category. Prepare Category and Portfolio Deployment Plans. Analyze market trends and recommend solutions.
Team Management (10 marketing specialists). Marketing Specialist / Senior Marketing Specialist: Planned and of recommendation for job applicant, implemented promotional campaigns. Cooperated with interactive agencies. Managed project budgets and help coursework, timeline control. Researched information. Assisted during promotional campaigns. See how these responsibilities evolve? What if you're a student and need to know how to make a resume with no experience. Essay On Tkam. Read our dedicated guide on how to write a resume for students: The Complete Guide To Writing A Student Resume [13 Tips, Examples] How to help coursework Create a Resume That Draws Attention to Promotions. Highlighting your promotions shows potential employers that your previous supervisors valued your work performance.
Even lateral moves suggest that you were able to handle diverse responsibilities. Here are a few ways to describe your promotions while writing a resume: Repeatedly recognized for essay on tkam top performance through fast-track promotions and selection for high-priority initiatives. Coursework. Earned promotion following a superior performance, and demonstrated ability to quickly learn and master complex concepts. What if you moved up within the same organization?
You don’t have to mention the name of the same company more than once. Financial Case. It will make even the on reggae coursework best resume look messy. Here’s what to do instead: COMPANY NAME City, State, 2001 to Present. Describe responsibilities and in an mla, achievements. Describe responsibilities and help on reggae coursework, achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Here's a Quick Tip on How Make Your Resume Easy to Read. Need to essay john mccain know how to coursework make a resume easy for essay on tkam a recruiter to help on reggae read?
It's as simple as aligning your text to the left. To make your text even more skimmable use the same resume font and font size, and make strategic use of bold, italics, and caps. The bulk of your resume will consist of bullet points. Here's how to essay construct them: Spearheaded a targeted email campaign that resulted in a 15% upswing in newsletter registration. You might also want to on reggae consider how to create a resume using templates. Professional resume templates can make your documents cleaner and easier to read. They also save you time and energy.
Let's face it. No one likes trying to essay control one-inch margins in Word. Is a Font Ruining Your Awesome Resume? While choosing a basic resume font may seem like a silly chore - it's not. A good font will ensure that your resume is readable. What is the best font for on reggae coursework a resume? The best font for of recommendation applicant a resume is one that a recruiter can read with no effort.
Stick with fonts that sound like hipster baby names - Arial, Helvetica, Calibri, and Verdana. What is the best resume font size? The Goldilocks font size is 10-12 points - not too big and not too small. Keep it uniform. The bottom line is making sure you don't sacrifice resume margins, white space, or font size in an attempt to cram everything onto one page. Still not sure about what font to coursework choose while writing a resume? Read our guide about the best resume fonts: What Is The Best Font For A Resume (+10 Examples Tips) Here Is the Best Way to Save Your Resume. When you're done writing your perfect resume, it's time to smoking essays consider how to make a resume file.
And that's not as obvious as it sounds. The best advice is to save your resume as a PDF and give it your name. When you save your resume as a PDF, there is no chance that the help on reggae formatting will glitch and get messed up when a recruiter opens the essay on tkam file. Do keep in coursework, mind that if your resume has to pass ATS software, Cylons don't like special formatting or graphics. Read the instructions explaining how to send your resume, because you may need to send something other than a PDF. How should you name your files?
The recruiter won’t have to search for that crazy space smuggler’s resume when they want to essay on tkam refer to it. Not sold on saving your file as a PDF document? Need to see some pros and cons about different file formats? Read our guide: Word VS PDF Resume: What Is The Best Resume Format? Here Is an Easy Way to Keep a Resume Short. How long should an help on reggae coursework ideal resume be?
One page or two? Most contemporary resume guidelines will tell you that while making a resume, you should do your best to essay on tkam keep it to one page. But you don’t want to force it, and that isn't true for help coursework everyone. The best thing to do is to go through at the end and a speech in an, trim as much fat as possible without losing the value. Here are three tips on how to make a resume for help on reggae coursework a job shorter: If you aren't sure how long your resume should be or need more advice on quoting a speech essay mla, how to help on reggae make a resume shorter, read our guide: How Long Should a Resume Be? Everything You Need To Know Little Known Tools That Will Proofread Your Resume for of recommendation applicant You. One of the worst things you can do is send out a basic resume that is full of grammar and spelling mistakes.
You need to proofread your resume. It doesn’t matter if you already know how to write a resume that stands out. Even the best resumes need to be proofread by a second person. Whoever you chose can also give you an objective opinion about how you’ve presented yourself. Start by proofreading your resume with the coursework help of apps like Grammarly, Language Tool, or other language tools.
Next, ask your mom, your partner, your best friend, your neighbor - whoever - to essay on tkam read over help, your resume for you. How to Clean Up Your Online Image. Before sending your resume, you will want to financial case check your online presence. That's because 59% of help on reggae recruiters research candidates online after reading their resumes. Let's say you're sure you know how to quoting in an mla write a resume and you follow all of our advice. That won't matter if you skip this step. Start by help on reggae coursework, entering your name into Google to financial see what comes up in the results. Most of help you will find links to your social media profiles. As long as you cleared your profiles of unprofessional content, you should be good to go. If you have a more common name like Jane Smith, for example, you may not find much about yourself at all.
Some of you might be disturbed to find extremely personal content such as your bank account number, an image of your signature, or sexually explicit images that have been posted without your consent. If this happens, you can ask Google to remove the information from the Internet for you. If you find some embarrassing content on a web page, Google suggests that it is best to essay mccain contact the help webmaster (owner) to anti have the image or content removed. Here’s the on reggae coursework Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. A cover letter is case report still needed when you send a resume to a potential employer. Up to 45% of recruiters will reject resumes without cover letters. So, even if you know how to write a resume, you can forget about on reggae landing the job if you don't send a cover letter. Your cover letter or application letter is essay mccain where you can expand upon help on reggae, things that you need to a speech keep brief on your resume.
It also needs to be tailored to the job for coursework which you are applying. As for resume references, they're the one thing you truly don't need anymore. Quoting In An. So, lose the phrase references upon request. Okay, so you need a cover letter. But do you know how to write an application letter?
And better yet, how do you write a convincing one? Read our guide: How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] Why Sending a Personal Message Can Be a Big Win. When you send your resume to a general email address like [email protected] , your resume is entering a swamp of identical messages from other candidates. One thing you can do to coursework differentiate your message is to try to find out the name of the person who will be reading your resume and essay mla, send them a personal email. This is help on reggae coursework not the best solution in every case. You will need to report decide if a hiring manager will see the gesture as clever or creepy. Pro Tip : If you use our resume builder, ( create your resume here ) you have the option to publish your resume and send a link to employers. Sending a link will allow you to track views and downloads so that you know how well your resume is performing. Want to send a personal message but can't find the hiring manager's email address?
Need to know how to write a resume email? We've got you covered: How To Email Your Resume To Get More Replies From Employers Once you've sent your resume, it's a good idea to track it. Help On Reggae Coursework. You can install a free sales tool like Mixmax or YesWare to anti smoking essays help you. Knowing if recruiters have opened and read your email will enable you to follow-up promptly or find different email addresses. Your resume is your passport to job interviews. Help. And knowing how to make a resume for a job is the first step on letter of recommendation, any career path. So, take the time and energy to think about how to write a resume well and help on reggae coursework, how to tailor it to essay on tkam the job description. If you can do that, you're well on your way to the next level - the interview. Bonus: Check out our ultimate checklist of 56 things you need to do before you send your resume.
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mars essay Where there is no vision, the people perish. Before space exploration, Mars was considered the help coursework best candidate for harboring extraterrestrial life. Astronomers thought they saw straight lines crisscrossing its surface. This led to the popular belief that irrigation canals on essay john mccain, the planet had been constructed by intelligent beings. In 1938, when Orson Welles broadcasted a radio drama based on help, the science fiction classic War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells, enough people believed in the tale of invading Martians to study, cause a near panic. Another reason for scientists to expect life on Mars had to coursework, do with the mla apparent seasonal color changes on the planet's surface. This phenomenon led to speculation that conditions might support a bloom of Martian vegetation during the warmer months and cause plant life to become dormant during colder periods.
In July of 1965, Mariner 4, transmitted 22 close-up pictures of Mars. All that was revealed was a surface containing many craters and naturally occurring channels but no evidence of help coursework, artificial canals or flowing water. Finally, in July and September 1976, Viking Landers 1 and 2 touched down on letter for job applicant, the surface of Mars. The three biology experiments aboard the help on reggae landers discovered unexpected and enigmatic chemical activity in the Martian soil, but provided no clear evidence for the presence of essay on tkam, living microorganisms in the soil near the landing sites. According to mission biologists, Mars is self-sterilizing. On Reggae! They believe the combination of solar ultraviolet radiation that saturates the surface, the anti essays extreme dryness of the help soil and the oxidizing nature of the soil chemistry prevent the formation of living organisms in the Martian soil. The question of life on Mars at some time in the distant past remains open. Other instruments found no sign of organic chemistry at either landing site, but they did provide a precise and for job, definitive analysis of the composition of the Martian atmosphere and found previously undetected trace elements.
The atmosphere of on reggae, Mars is quite different from that of Earth. It is composed primarily of carbon dioxide with small amounts of other gases. The six most common components of the atmosphere are: Carbon Dioxide (CO2): 95.32% Nitrogen (N2): 2.7% Argon (Ar): 1.6% Oxygen (O2): 0.13% Water (H2O): 0.03% Neon (Ne): 0.00025 % Martian air contains only about 1/1,000 as much water as our air, but even this small amount can condense out, forming clouds that ride high in the atmosphere or swirl around the slopes of towering volcanoes. Local patches of early morning fog can form in valleys. At the Viking Lander 2 site, a thin layer of water frost covered the ground each winter. There is evidence that in the past a denser martian atmosphere may have allowed water to flow on the planet. Physical features closely resembling shorelines, gorges, riverbeds and islands suggest that great rivers once marked the planet. The average recorded temperature on for job applicant, Mars is -63° C (-81° F) with a maximum temperature of 20° C (68° F) and a minimum of -140° C (-220° F). Barometric pressure varies at each landing site on a semiannual basis. Carbon dioxide, the major constituent of the atmosphere, freezes out to form an immense polar cap, alternately at each pole. The carbon dioxide forms a great cover of snow and help, then evaporates again with the coming of spring in each hemisphere.
When the southern cap was largest, the mean daily pressure observed by Viking Lander 1 was as low as 6.8 millibars; at other times of the year it was as high as 9.0 millibars. The pressures at essay mccain the Viking Lander 2 site were 7.3 and 10.8 millibars. In comparison, the average pressure of the Earth is 1000 millibars. Carbon Monoxide (CO) This image of help on reggae, mars came from of recommendation for job applicant a series of pictures taken by the Mars Global Surveyor wide angle cameras. A map was created and then wrapped around a sphere to generate this view of Mars. Help On Reggae! Here, bluish-white water ice clouds hang above the Tharsis volcanoes. Essay John Mccain! (Copyright 2005 by Calvin J. Hamilton) This image is a large mosaic of the Valles Marineris [VAL-less mar-uh-NAIR-iss] hemisphere of Mars. On Reggae! It is of recommendation a view similar to that which one would see from a spacecraft. The lower center of the scene shows the help on reggae entire Valles Marineris canyon system, more than 3,000 kilometers (1,860 miles) long and up to 8 kilometers (5 miles) deep, extending from Noctis Labyrinthus, the arcuate system of graben to scholarship essay, the west, to help on reggae coursework, the chaotic terrain to quoting in an mla, the east. Many huge ancient river channels begin from the chaotic terrain and north-central canyons and run north.
Many of the coursework channels flowed into a basin called Acidalia Planitia, which is the dark area in the extreme north of this picture. The three Tharsis volcanoes (dark red spots), each about 25 kilometers (16 miles) high, are visible to the west along with Olympus Mons the largest volcano on letter, the planet. Very ancient terrain covered by many impact craters lies to the south of Valles Marineris. The polar cap can be seen to help coursework, the north. (Copyright Calvin J. Essay On Tkam! Hamilton) The current understanding of the interior of Mars suggests that it can be modeled with a thin crust, similar to Earth's, a mantle and a core. Using four parameters, the Martian core size and mass can be determined. However, only three out of the four are known and include the total mass, size of Mars, and on reggae coursework, the moment of inertia. Mass and size was determined accurately from early missions. The moment of inertia was determined from Viking lander and Pathfinder Doppler data, by measuring the essay on tkam precession rate of coursework, Mars. The fourth parameter, needed to complete the essay on tkam interior model, will be obtained from future spacecraft missions. With the three known parameters, the model is significantly constrained.
If the Martian core is dense (composed of iron) similar to Earth's or SNC meteorites thought to originate from help on reggae coursework Mars, then the minimum core radius would be about 1300 kilometers. If the letter for job core is made out of less-dense material such as a mixture of sulfur and iron, the maximum radius would probably be less than 2000 kilometers. (Copyright 1998 by Calvin J. Hamilton) A towering dust devil, casts a serpentine shadow over on reggae the Martian surface in this image acquired by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The scene is a late-spring afternoon in the Amazonis Planitia region of northern Mars. The view covers an area about four-tenths of financial, a mile (644 meters) across. North is toward the top. The length of the dusty whirlwind's shadow indicates that the dust plume reaches more than half a mile (800 meters) in height. The plume is help about 30 yards or meters in diameter. A westerly breeze partway up the height of the dust devil produced a delicate arc in the plume. The image was taken during the time of Martian year when the anti smoking essays planet is farthest from the sun. Just as on help coursework, Earth, winds on Mars are powered by solar heating.
Exposure to the sun's rays declines during this season, yet even now, dust devils act relentlessly to clean the surface of freshly deposited dust, a little at anti essays a time. (Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona) This image is a newly released topographic map of Mars. The full range of topography on Mars is about 19 miles (30 kilometers), one and a half times the range of elevations found on Earth, The most curious aspect of the map is the striking difference between the planet's low, smooth Northern Hemisphere and the heavily cratered Southern Hemisphere, which sits, on average, about three miles (five kilometers) higher than the north. (Courtesy GSFC/NASA) This image is a mosaic of the Schiaparelli hemisphere of Mars. Help On Reggae Coursework! The center of quoting mla, this image is near the impact crater Schiaparelli, 450 kilometers (280 miles) in help on reggae diameter. The dark streaks with bright margins emanating from craters in anti smoking essays the Oxie Palus region, upper left of image, are caused by erosion and/or deposition by the wind. Bright white areas to the south, including the Hellas impact basin at extreme lower right, are covered by carbon dioxide frost. (Courtesy USGS) This image shows part of Candor Chasm in Valles Marineris. It is centered at Latitude -5.0, Longitude 70.0.
The view is help on reggae coursework from the north looking into the chasm. Candor Chasm's geomorphology is complex, shaped by tectonics, mass wasting, wind, and perhaps by water and volcanism. Financial Study! (Courtesy USGS) This picture (centered at latitude 4° S, longitude 76° W) shows areas of help coursework, central Valles Marineris, including Candor Chasm (lower left), Ophir Chasm (lower right), and Hebes Chasm (upper right). Complex layered deposits in the canyons may have been deposited in lakes, and if so, are of great interest for future searches for fossil life on Mars. The pinkish deposits in Candor Chasm may be due to hydrothermal alterations and the production of crystalline ferric oxides. ((Geissler et al., 1993, Icarus 106,380). Viking Orbiter Picture Numbers 279B02 (violet), 279B10 (green), and 279B12 (red) at 240 meters/pixel resolution. Picture width is 231 kilometers.
North is 47° clockwise from top.) Ophir Chasma is a large west-northwest-trending trough about 100 km wide. The Chasma is bordered by 4 km high walled cliffs, most likely faults, that show spur-and-gully morphology and smooth sections. The walls have been dissected by landslides forming reentrants; one area (upper left) on how to a winning, the north wall shows a young landslide about help on reggae, 100 km wide. The volume of the landslide debris is more than 1000 times greater than that from the May 18, 1980 debris avalanche from Mount St. Helens. The longitudinal grooves seen in the foreground are thought to be due to differential shear and lateral spreading at high velocities. The landslide passes between mounds of of recommendation for job, interior layered deposits on the floor of the chasma. (Courtesy USGS)
Although Valles Marineris originated as a tectonic structure, it has been modified by other processes. This image shows a close-up view of a landslide on coursework, the south wall of quoting a speech mla, Valles Marineris. This landslide partially removed the rim of the crater that is on the plateau adjacent to Valles Marineris. Note the texture of the landslide deposit where it flowed across the floor of Valles Marineris. Several distinct layers can be seen in the walls of the trough. These layers may be regions of distinct chemical composition or mechanical properties in the Martian crust. (Copyright Calvin J. Coursework! Hamilton; Caption: LPI) These Hubble Space Telescope views provide the most detailed complete global coverage of the Red Planet ever seen from Earth. The pictures were taken on February 25, 1995, when Mars was at a distance of 103 million kilometers (65 million miles). To the smoking essays surprise of researchers, Mars is cloudier than seen in previous years.
This means the planet is cooler and drier, because water vapor in help on reggae coursework the atmosphere freezes out to form ice-crystal clouds. The three images show the Tharsis, Valles Marineris and Syrtis Major regions. (Credit: Philip James, University of Toledo; Steven Lee, University of Colorado; and NASA) This image of the head of Ravi Vallis shows a 300-kilometer (186-mile) long portion of a channel. Like many other channels that empty into the northern plains of Mars, Ravi Vallis orginates in a region of collapsed and disrupted (chaotic) terrain within the planet's older, cratered highlands. Applicant! Structures in these channels indicate that they were carved by liquid water moving at high flow rates. The abrupt beginning of the coursework channel, with no apparent tributaries, suggests that the water was released under great pressure from beneath a confining layer of frozen ground. As this water was released and flowed away, the overlying surface collapsed, producing the disruption and subsidence shown here.
Three such regions of chaotic collapsed material are seen in essay on tkam this image, connected by a channel whose floor was scoured by the flowing water. The flow in this channel was from help on reggae coursework west to east (left to right). This channel ultimately links up with a system of channels that flowed northward into financial case study report, Chryse Basin. (Copyright Calvin J. Hamilton; Caption: LPI) The water that carved the channels to the north and east of the Valles Marineris canyon system had tremendous erosive power. On Reggae Coursework! One consequence of this erosion was the formation of streamlined islands where the water encountered obstacles along its path. This image shows two streamlined islands that formed as the water was diverted by two 8-10 kilometer (5-6 mile) diameter craters lying near the mouth of Ares Vallis in Chryse Planitia.
The water flowed from south to north (bottom to top of the image). How To Write A Winning Scholarship Essay! The height of the scarp surrounding the upper island is about 400 meters (1,300 feet), while the scarp surrounding the southern island is about 600 meters (2,000 feet) high. Help On Reggae Coursework! (Copyright Calvin J. Hamilton; Caption: LPI) Unlike the anti smoking features shown in the above two images, many systems on help on reggae coursework, Mars do not show evidence of catastrophic flooding. Instead, they show a resemblance to drainage systems on applicant, Earth, where water acts at slow rates over long periods of time. As on help on reggae coursework, Earth, the channels shown here merge together to form larger channels. However, these valley networks are less developed than typical terrestrial drainage systems, with the essay on tkam Martian examples lacking small-scale streams feeding into the larger valleys. Because of the absence of small-scale streams in the Martian valley networks, it is on reggae coursework thought that the valleys were carved primarily by ground water flow rather than by john, runoff of rain. Coursework! Although liquid water is currently unstable on the surface of applicant, Mars, theoretical studies indicate that flowing groundwater might be able to form valley networks if the water flowed beneath a protective cover of ice.
Alternatively, because the valley networks are confined to relatively old regions of Mars, their presence may indicate that Mars once possessed a warmer and wetter climate in its early history. (Copyright Calvin J. Help Coursework! Hamilton; Caption: LPI) This image shows the south polar cap of Mars as it appears near its minimum size of about 400 kilometers (249 miles). It consists mainly of frozen carbon dioxide. This carbon dioxide cap never melts completely. Quoting Mla! The ice appears reddish due to dust that has been incorporated into the cap. (Courtesy NASA) This image is an oblique view of the help on reggae coursework north polar cap of a speech in an essay, Mars.
Unlike the help on reggae coursework south polar cap, the north polar cap probably consists of water-ice. (Copyright Calvin J. Hamilton) One of the discoveries of the essay on tkam Mariner 9 spacecraft was that the south polar cap of Mars was made of thin layers or laminations of ice and sediment. Four years later, on October 10, 1976, the help Viking 2 spacecraft took this picture of the Martian north polar cap. The visible layering occurred as a result of for job, wind born dust settling upon the polar cap. As the caps experience climatic variations, they expand and contract. The layers of dust sediment tend to grow thicker near the poles where ice deposits remain for longer periods of time. The thickness of the deposits indicates they were formed during cyclical climatic variation rather than annual changes. As ice withdraws from help on reggae coursework a region, wind exposes the layers sculpting valleys and scarps.
The formation of layered deposits is an active process today. (Copyright 1998 by essay on tkam, Calvin J. Hamilton) This image shows several dune types which are found in help on reggae coursework the north circumpolar dunefield. This thumnail image shows a section of transverse dunes. The full image has a field of traverse dunes on the left and barchan dunes on the right with a transition zone inbetween. Transverse dunes are oriented perpendicular to a speech in an, the prevailing wind direction. On Reggae! They are long and linear, and frequently join their neighbor in a low-angle Y junction. Barchan dunes are crescent-shaped mounds with downwind-pointing horns. These dunes are comparable in size to the largest dunes found on the Earth. (Copyright Calvin J. Hamilton)
Local dust storms are relatively common on Mars. They tend to occur in areas of high topographic and/or high thermal gradients (usually near the polar caps), where surface winds would be strongest. This storm is several hundreds of kilometers in extent and a winning essay, is located near the edge of the south polar cap. Some local storms grow larger, others die out. (Copyright Calvin J. Hamilton; caption by LPI) This image shows a lesser known, but unusual feature on Mars. It is commonly called White Rock . The white feature is eroded crater fill, but exactly how it was formed has not been satisfactorily explained. White Rock was not formed by help on reggae, polar processes because it lies near to the equator at for job latitude -8 degrees and longitude 355 degrees. It has been modified through aeolian erosion showing transverse and longitudinal erosional features. On Reggae Coursework! (Copyright 1998 by Calvin J. How To Write A Winning Essay! Hamilton) This oblique image taken by the Viking orbiter spacecraft shows a thin band of the help coursework Martian atmosphere.
This image looks northeast across the Argyre basin. The Argyre basin is about 600 kilometers across with a rugged rim of about 500 kilometers in width. (Copyright 1997 by Calvin J. Hamilton) The following table summarizes the smoking essays radius, mass, distance from the planet center, discoverer and the date of discovery of help on reggae coursework, each of the moons of Mars: Beatty, J. K. and essay, A. Chaikin, eds. Help! The New Solar System . Massachusetts: Sky Publishing, 3rd Edition, 1990. Carr M. H. A Speech In An Essay Mla! The Surface of Mars . Yale University Press, New Haven, 1981. Kiefer, Walter S., Allan H. Treiman, and Stephen M. Clifford. The Red Planet: A Survey of Mars - Slide Set. Lunar and Planetary Institute. Mutch T. A., Arvidson R. E., Head J. W. III, Jones K. L., and Saunders R. Help On Reggae Coursework! S. The Geology of Mars.
Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1976. Williams, Steven H. The Winds of Mars: Aeolian Activity and Landforms - Slide Set. Lunar and financial case study report, Planetary Institute. Views of the Solar System Copyright © 1995-2011 by Calvin J. Hamilton. All rights reserved.
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1984 Thesis On Power Essays and Research Papers. theme of power is prominent in the dystopian novel 1984 by George Orwell and throughout this book he develops two different types . of on reggae coursework power . This is collective power and essay john mccain, individual power , which will both be addressed separately. Firstly, the notion of power through the collective is characterised through the totalitarian Party in Airstrip One, Oceania, one of the help three super-states. In chapter 3 Part 3, Winston claims that, “The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake”, and that power comes from. Inner Party , Nineteen Eighty-Four , Olfaction 876 Words | 3 Pages. ?George Orwell’s 1984 TOPIC: What are some of the core views about the relationship between language and power conveyed in the . novel?
George Orwell's ' 1984 ' reveals how the manipulation of language can lead to of recommendation for job applicant, a totalitarian society and unrivalled power . Orwell’s focus is to help on reggae coursework, portray how language can be used as an instrument of power , transforming an essay john mccain entire populace into an oppressed society. Help On Reggae. The novel conveys the result of totalitarianism through the manipulation of study language, particularly with. Communism , Critical thinking , George Orwell 943 Words | 3 Pages. The Power of Language 1984 Comparison Essay. The Power of Language George Orwell, the help on reggae writer of many highly regarded literary works, is extremely interested in the . power of language, mainly how it is abused. By analyzing two of his works, 1984 and Politics and The English Language, it is clear that Orwell is using his writing to bring awareness to the dangers of the manipulation, misuse, and decline of language. In 1984 he demonstrates how language can be used to control thought and case study, manipulate the past.
This is proven. Communism , English language , George Orwell 1536 Words | 4 Pages. Power and Gender in 1984 and The Winlsow Boy Power and coursework, Gender in essay on tkam ‘ 1984 ’ and ‘The Winslow Boy’ ‘ 1984 ’ by George Orwell and ‘The Winslow Boy’ by Terence . Rattigan both explore the issues of power and gender in their texts. Power and on reggae coursework, gender is represented and john, portrayed to the audience in on reggae certain ways. In ‘ 1984 ’, George Orwell communicates these aspects through Winston and Julia, and the three parties respectfully. He also uses irony to give the reader a better understanding of essay on tkam who has the power in the situations. In ‘The Winslow Boy’, Terence. Nineteen Eighty-Four , Terence Rattigan , The Winslow Boy 1189 Words | 3 Pages.
George Orwell's 1984 is an exemplary work of dystopia. Although written in 1940s, 1984 is a vivid depiction of China during the . Cultural Revolution and Soviet Union during the Elimination of Counterrevolutionaries. Dystopia came into being after the World War ?, when the world was at help coursework, a loss about its future. Although the world was purged of fascism, personality cult and communist dictatorship arose to take its place.Dystopia is characterized by an authoritarian and totalitarian regime that oppresses. Big Brother , Communism , George Orwell 825 Words | 3 Pages. parts, related literature and studies. Related Literature Foreign (Mary Ann Ecalnea, Minalyn Esguerra, Cridtia Mae Feleciano, Jamee Aubrey . Fernando, Jezrell Fiesta, Ma. Smoking. Madona Flores, Gracel Kay Gacisano, Liezel Garcia and Davie Gonzales ( Thesis Book: Library Management System of Isabela State university – Roxas Campus) p.8-9) An Integrated Library System (ILS) usually comprises a relational database, software to help on reggae coursework, interact with that database, and two graphical user interfaces (one for. Isabela , Jackson Creek Software , Librarian 912 Words | 4 Pages. ? Sample Essay on 1984 George Orwell’s novel “ 1984 ” is truly a masterpiece that continues influencing many people around the a winning scholarship . world and help on reggae coursework, has a deserved title of financial best-seller.
The novel presents a nightmare vision of the repressive state control in Oceania. Although written in the middle of the last century, this story is nevertheless relevant today to the politics of state as it has never been before. This book teaches us not only the important lessons of the past, but also presents the essential. 2003 invasion of Iraq , George Orwell , Government 1784 Words | 5 Pages. the right to tell others how they should live and certainly no one has the right to help on reggae coursework, regulate if you’re actually doing as they’ve told you. But this is . exactly what was predicted to essay on tkam, be in the future by George Orwell in the well-known classic novel 1984 . His book described a sordid futuristic world in which every aspect of life is being monitored by the supremacy of The Party, regulating its citizens of everything from sexual partners to on reggae coursework, the things they are allowed to think. In fact, the main character. First Amendment to essay on tkam, the United States Constitution , George Orwell , Newspeak 1374 Words | 4 Pages. Help On Reggae. ? 1984 : WAR IS PEACE; FREEDOM IS SLAVERY; IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH Introduction Political language is designed to essay on tkam, make lies sound truthful and . murder respectable, and to help on reggae coursework, give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.”, George Orwell. Orwell’s dystopian novel, Nineteen Eighty-Four, projects the a winning distress of a tyranny. Plato presented a developmentally regime in descending order of virtue where Democracy is in the fourth place and help, Tyranny is the last . Essay John. Democracy can be defined as a state which is ruled.
Big Brother , George Orwell , Newspeak 876 Words | 3 Pages. Prediction, Foreshadowing, and Conclusion In the help on reggae novel 1984 by essay on tkam, George Orwell, many hints of foreshadowing are given. One of help on reggae coursework which happens in . the very beginning of the book when George Orwell states, “It was partly the essay on tkam unusual geography of the room that had suggested to him the thing that he was now about to do. But it had been suggested by the book that he had just taken out of the help drawer” (6). Earlier in the chapter, the study book described with a red back. The color red symbolizes danger and is a sign. Big Brother , Doublethink , Emmanuel Goldstein 2108 Words | 6 Pages. 1 1984 and Nationalism Thesis Statement: In “ 1984 ” George Orwell portrays a society derived from several forms . nationalism, which has one point – to isolate the individual citizen to on reggae coursework, achieve unwavering allegiance to essay on tkam, the Party.
However, Orwell reveals the mechanisms of nationalism are not just to forge submission to the Party but rather to eradicate any other allegiances that would distract from the help Party’s agenda. George Orwell, in his novel “ 1984 ”, invents an authoritarian future society that. Big Brother , George Orwell , Nationalism 1660 Words | 7 Pages. business. In the last decade which has seen a reshaping and essay john mccain, refining of the very nature of its businesses, the next chapter in San Miguel’s storied history . is already being written with the Company diversifying into coursework new, high growth areas such as power generation, oil refining, telecoms, toll ways, mining and infrastructure. The SMC of essay on tkam 2010 is a far cry from the brewery-centered model most people have traditionally associated with San Miguel. The Company’s strategy today is to on reggae, further strengthen. Barangay Ginebra Kings , Beer , Coca-Cola bottlers 795 Words | 3 Pages. the concept of of recommendation power is essentially contested, because there are different definitions of what power 'is' and therefore how it . appears or is help on reggae coursework, exercised.(Axford and Browning et al., 2002). Power is smoking, spoken about and depended on help on reggae coursework in todays society, but nobody truly understands it. (Nye, 2004). Power is exercised completely different throughout the essay on tkam world, as each country has its own laws, morals, attitudes, beliefs, government and military interference. As a world wide definition ' Power ' can be defined.
Authority , Barack Obama , Hegemony 1461 Words | 4 Pages. thesis is fun. thesis won't let me sleep. I love thesis ! yey! I just wanna sleep. Please help me with my . Help On Reggae. thesis , because I wanna pass my english class. Why make college so complicated? What do they even do with all the theses they make the students pass? . Academia 601 Words | 3 Pages. phoenix mall Mumbai) 3. Thesis on Jail , case study on (banglore jail, belgaum jail) 4. A Speech In An Mla. Thesis on institute of archaeology , . On Reggae Coursework. case study on (archaeological museum hampi) 5. Case. Design of help on reggae coursework EXHIBITION 6. A Speech Essay Mla. Restructuring the sukhna lake 7. Thesis on coursework film city, case study on (DADA SAHEB PHALKE CHITRANAGRI MUMBAI, RAMOJI FILM CITY HYDERABAD) 8. CENTRE FOR THE INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC, CASE STUDY ON (KALA ACADMY GOA, NRITYAGRAM BANGLORE, NATIONAL CENTRE FOR PERFORMING ARTS MUMBAI,) 9. Write A Winning Essay. THESIS ON INFOTAINMENT MALL. Bus station , Bus stop , Chandigarh 1434 Words | 4 Pages. Coursework. Write a strong thesis statement! What is of recommendation, a thesis statement? ? ? It is usually a single sentence at the end of your first . paragraph that presents your argument to the reader. The rest of the paper, the body of the essay, gathers and organizes evidence that will persuade the reader of the logic of your interpretation.
The thesis statement is the “road map” of coursework your paper, directing you as you write it and guiding the reader through it. Do ? ? ? ? Don’t ? ? ? ? Know your essay’s type. Make a statement. American Civil War , Essay , Question 467 Words | 2 Pages. PM Page 11 THESIS SENTENCE TEMPLATES A thesis sentence is a sentence in the introduction that tells the smoking essays reader what the on reggae . topic or argument of the essay is. Experienced writers have little difficulty writing thesis sentences. This is quoting mla, because they have read and written thousands of them.
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Answer , Predicate , Primary source 872 Words | 2 Pages. ?1“ Power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shapes of help on reggae your own choosing.” ? George . Orwell, 1984 Big brother takes individuals strips them of their personality their morals and even their thoughts to create a perfect party member, these people will always be under his control, and never rebel to over throw him. He molds them into his idea of letter of recommendation applicant a (perfect party member), by isolating the citizens of Oceania from the on reggae coursework rest of the world. Having Telescreens in everyone’s. Newspeak , Nineteen Eighty-Four , Thought Police 1093 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction to the Thesis Statement: American History A thesis expresses the of recommendation for job applicant judgment of someone who has thoughtfully examined . a body of evidence on a topic.
It is an informed and debatable statement that is the foundation of any effective expository writing or research project. A thesis statement makes a claim or expresses a point of view that others might disagree with. Thesis statement = topic + debatable point of view (based on on reggae coursework evidence) A five-point scale is often used in social research. Abolitionism , Ancient Greece , Ancient Rome 567 Words | 3 Pages. does Winston describe himself as a dead man in mccain the early moments of the film? Winston described himself as a dead man because he kept a diary and coursework, the fact . that he knew how the parties controlled their information and fed lies to the people and the power of the state, he also knew there was something wrong with the essay on tkam world and questioned the concepts of Big Brother and always had thoughts and wrote them down meant that he was committing thought crime and coursework, would have been founded out regardless. 6. American Chestnut , Big Brother , Chestnut 929 Words | 3 Pages. ) products and/or services, etc. D. A general and smoking essays, brief description of the system under study. Statement of the Problem The problem of the help coursework . For Job Applicant. study. This is identified by answering the question: What is being solved by this research or thesis project. The statement of the problem is a clear, definite, and logical statement of the major problem(s) and the sub-problem(s) if any.
How to write the problem. • State the problem of the study fully and precisely in enumerated form . Rapid application development , Requirements analysis , Research 1233 Words | 6 Pages. 1984: Power Hunger Leads to Society Downfall. On Reggae Coursework. Power Hunger Leads to Society Downfall In the eyes of a power hungry ruler, a totalitarian government would be paradise. It . would be thought that if a leader is how to scholarship essay, so happy with the help way he rules his country, the grass would be greener on the other side. In this case, it is in an essay, far from it. Citizens are forced to act upon help on reggae coursework, the government’s rules, and failure to how to, do so would only help on reggae earn them a horrid session of torment and consequence. People are constantly under the government’s thumb, and practically have. Dictatorship , George Orwell , Government 1399 Words | 4 Pages.
2011 – 2012 A Research Presented to Living Stone International School In Partial Fulfillment of the case Requirements in English IV [pic] . Balinsoy, Maraly L. Help On Reggae. Lee, Jeong Eun High School IV March 2012 APPROVAL SHEET This thesis entitled “Profile and Level of Internet Usage Vis-A-Vis the Academic Performance of Junior High School Students of LSIS A. Anti Essays. Y. Coursework. 2011 – 2012” prepared and smoking, submitted by the researchers in partial fulfillment of the requirements in English IV, has been. College , High school , Middle school 436 Words | 3 Pages. ?Kayla Davis Davis 1 Mrs.Warford English 12 Honors April 6, 2014 1984 In the novel 1984 by George . Orwell, the party is help on reggae coursework, guaranteed full control over everybody because of the many advancements in technology. Orwell is sure to make it clear how a totalitarianism government can completely destroy a society. This form of government is essay, used to make sure the government has the unfair advantage over the people. Help. The use of technology allowing nobody privacy also helps make a totalitarian. Authoritarianism , Big Brother , George Orwell 1521 Words | 5 Pages. contemplating about the anti smoking situation, one is sensible to believe the people of Oceania are being betrayed by help coursework, Big Brother. When Winston is being tortured in the . jail cell, O’Brien tells him, “The party seeks power entirely for its own sake. Essay On Tkam. We are not interested in the good of others; we are interested solely in power ” (273). The society fails to realize they are being betrayed by Big Brother; they are forced to coursework, doublethink and cannot speak against the party. The people face pure dictatorship, but are told to.
Big Brother , Deception , George Orwell 1226 Words | 3 Pages. 25 July 2013 Manila Electric Company (MERALCO) Lopez Bldg., Meralco Center, Ortigas Avenue, Pasig City To Whom It May Concern: Good day! We are senior . students from the University of Santo Tomas and we are currently working on our Thesis paper as our major and final requirement. Our paper aims to study the new program designed by the Energy Regulatory Commission which is the financial case study report Prepaid Retail Electric Service. The focus of our study is the viability and effectiveness of this program in the Philippine.
GSIS-Meralco bribery case , Manila , Meralco 480 Words | 3 Pages. SERVICE OF COFFEE BEAN AND TEA LEAF IN TRINOMA MALL, QUEZON CITY An Undergraduate Thesis Presented to The College of Tourism and . Hospitality Management Asian College of on reggae Science and Technology In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of financial Science in Hospitality Management Von Ryan N. Visco March 2012 CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE This is to certify that this undergraduate thesis entitled “Analysis of customer service of Coffee Bean and Tea Leaf” and submitted. Bachelor's degree , Caffeine , Coffee 602 Words | 4 Pages. Similarities and Difference of Information Technology and Computer Science A Thesis Submitted to the faculty Of the College of Arts . and coursework, Sciences For the completion of the course Writing in anti smoking the Discipline English 2 Submitted to: Ms. Nessa Estabillo Instructor Submitted by: Del MUNDO, Mark Anthony ESTABILLO, Christian Neil BARLAAN, Dan Anjo EMPEnO, Pauline March 2013 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Many college students nowadays are more intrested. Algorithm , Computer , Computer science 772 Words | 3 Pages. APPROVAL SHEET This thesis entitled “Effectiveness of help on reggae Video Lessons in of recommendation for job Social Studies on the Performance of Sophomore Students in Tomas . Claudio Memorial College”, prepared and submitted in coursework partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree Bachelor of letter of recommendation Secondary Education by Ralph Luigi Yap, is hereby recommended for corresponding oral examination. March 12,2013 Mr. Marlon Pabilonia Adviser Approved in partial fulfillment of the coursework requirements for the Degree Bachelor. Chemistry , Education , Experiment 962 Words | 5 Pages. Notions of Power in Othello and 1984 Referring to Martin Luther King.
Never was there ever a more ambiguous term than Power . To single out any one definition of financial study report power would limit the words potential, . however, the ability to do or act; capability of help doing or accomplishing something, is succinct in entertaining its polysemic nature. Power is subjective to essay on tkam, its holder, wether it be the individual, the people or the position. Through the quote, “I am not interested in Power for Powers sake. I am interested in power that is moral, that is coursework, right, that is good”, Martin Luther. Iago , Ingsoc , Martin Luther 1960 Words | 5 Pages.
N.T Senior Thesis Analysis of Khaled Hosseini best selling novel “The Kite Runner “ The story of the essay on tkam Kite Runner is fictional, but . it is rooted in real political and historical events ranging from the last days of the on reggae coursework Afghan monarchy in the 1970s to the post-Taliban near present-day. Hosseini also pulls from his own memories and essay on tkam, experiences growing up in the Wazir Akbar Khan section of Kabul and his adaptation to life in California. Khaled Hosseini’s aim was to not only call attention. Afghanistan , Hazara people , Kabul 2205 Words | 6 Pages. he main objective of this thesis is to see whether value premium is present in the Indian stock market since the liberalization of help on reggae it in of recommendation the . early 1990s. Additionally, I look into the reasons for the value premium – whether it can be explained by higher levels of help on reggae coursework fundamental risk and how to a winning, classical (also called modern) financial theory or can the reasons for market inefficiencies be based on irrationality of market participants and the groundwork of behavioral finance theorists. The concept of rationality. Contrarian investing , Economics , Finance 1835 Words | 6 Pages. customers and achieve Organizational Effectiveness. In advance, the students are extending our deepest gratitude for considering their request. Thank you . and God Bless.
Respectfully, Alejandro G. Esperanza Ed. D Research and Thesis Writing Professor Prof. Mario S. On Reggae. Nillo Thesis Adviser Site Based Management and in an essay, Organizational Effectiveness of Selected Managers and employees of Food Related-Business in Taguig City Input: 1. What are demographic and employment profile of respondents? 1.1 Name 1. Greenwich Pizza , Jollibee 437 Words | 6 Pages. decisions. Patriarchal values are charming not only for men but also for women owing to its powerful position in the society. Shakib’s story depicts the fact . Help Coursework. that such charm for being a man and masculine discourse often destroys lives of women. This thesis consists of three chapters: Gender and Women Issues in Siba Shakib’s Works, Masculinity Discourse: Gender Identity Crisis in Siba Shakib’s Samira and quoting a speech mla, Samir, and Conclusion.
The first chapter briefly introduces how the concepts of gender, masculinity. Feminism , Gender , Gender role 2524 Words | 7 Pages. based applications which are deployed and help on reggae coursework, can be visited all over the world without the scholarship essay limitation of time and geographical boundaries. Web site usability, . On Reggae. security and reliability consider some of the core aspects in designing of web sites. In this thesis , we explore possible tensions and tradeoffs between usability and security issues in web site design. We discuss web site usability issues in terms of technical and social aspects. We discuss web site security in letter terms of usability and offer some.
Graphic design , Hypertext Transfer Protocol , Internet 745 Words | 3 Pages. sought to present related literatures and studies that are relevant to the study. Help. It includes foreign and local literature, and foreign and local studies . from journals, websites and books, online newspaper and online articles, similar studies such as thesis , and dissertations that have been previously conducted by other researchers, some studies that were analyzed by the researchers. These following literatures and studies will surely be very helpful for essay on tkam, the researchers for the analysis of the study. Concept , Education , Flowchart 467 Words | 4 Pages. hired to change the course of Nokia and to stop the help coursework declining trend in Nokia’s global market share especially in essay the smart phone segment. The first major . decision was to start extensive cooperation with Microsoft in February 2011. The title of the thesis is “Marketing Strategies of Smart Phones: A Case Study of Nokia Mobiles” and the objective is to analyze the dimensions of Nokia’s smart phone marketing that the help on reggae customers do not agree upon or simply do not know about and improve them from anti smoking a brand.
Advertising , Brand , Brand equity 1910 Words | 6 Pages. PERFORMANCE AND SOCIAL IMPROVEMENTS OF THE FRESHMEN ENGINEERING STUDENTS OF DON BOSCO TECHNICAL COLLEGE IN MANDALUYONG CITY Prepared by: Adrian Vic . David Balitaan Mark Dominic Boquio CHAPTER I The Problem and its Background Introduction Power and authority in help school are the main reason why students use an aggressive behaviour towards these regular students. They use these aggression to be on essays the top of the food chain so that normal students will fear and bow after him. “Bullying is help on reggae coursework, commonly. Abuse , Academic term , Aggression 2546 Words | 7 Pages. Dehumanization in 1984 A nation has limitless possibilities when ruled by an immortal tyrant. With great power comes great . possibility. The control of the letter of recommendation for job party, in George Orwell’s 1984 , is unbounded. Every aspect of the help coursework people’s lives is controlled from birth to essay mla, death, in this totalitarian government. In action and thought they are trained to coursework, believe that whatever big brother says is reality.
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Oceania, and both. America's Next Top Model , Big Brother , Nineteen Eighty-Four 816 Words | 4 Pages. A PROPOSED AUTOMATED EXAMINATION FOR IT STUDENT FOR CIP PLF CROG FILIPINO 1 SUBJECTS OF INFORMATICS INTERNATIONAL CAINTA A Thesis . Presented to The Faculty of Informatics International College Cainta, Rizal In Partial Fulfillment Of the help on reggae coursework Requirements for Thesis A AQUINO, BENISON BSIT March 2013 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Automation has been increasingly used in financial case study the ranges of help coursework industries and has proven a notable impact to optimise productivity. Most of the developing countries. Automation , Comprehensive examination , Educational technology 1333 Words | 5 Pages. How To Essay. 1984 - Warnings Against Evil Beings in Power. In his novel, 1984 , George Orwell warns us against three things. He stated that people are only out for personal gain, and will use any . means to reach their goals.
He also warned against these types of people who are already in power . And lastly, he warns us against the lost of privacy through constant surveillance, and how we actually allow this to happen. If we all have the traits to become evil, why does it become a reality only in some? Before this question can be answered, we must first. Abuse , Borderline personality disorder , Child abuse 960 Words | 3 Pages. Approval Sheet This thesis entitled “Activities in LearningSocial studies”, prepared and submitted by Marjodette T. Barrantes. In Partial . On Reggae. Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Secondary Education is hereby presented and essay, recommended for pre-oral examination. Ms. Enriqueta E. Alcoreza Ed. D Thesis Adviser Panel of help on reggae coursework Examiners Mr. Lawrence Oliver V. Paunil MA.Ed Chairman Ms.
Enriqueta E. Alcoreza Ed.D Ms. Mary Rose Magsino. Bless you , Classmates , Doctor 466 Words | 3 Pages. current system Rephrase the proposed system The Barangay captain and Barangay secretary must have different log in password. Defense on February 07, . Study. 2013 Remarks: The record of the residence must show and detailed. The Barangay captain is the power user The age must automatically once the birth input Once you click letter A for example in last name, all starting from letter A must show. Add button for the record blotter Add button for request Add button for issuance Change the Business.
Data flow diagram , Dataflow , Flowchart 356 Words | 3 Pages. Assignment Cover Sheet School of Business Student name: | Alen Marcic | Student number: | 16737378 | Unit name and coursework, number: | Power . Politics and Knowledge | Tutorial group: | EB.3.36 | Tutorial day and time: | Tuesday, 12:00-2:00 | Lecturer/Tutor: | | Title of assignment: | Reflective Response | Length: | 1553 | Date due: | Week 6, Tuesday | Date submitted: | Week 6, Thursday | Campus enrolment: | Parramatta | Declaration: I hold a copy of this assignment if the original. Behavior , Discipline and Punish , Gilles Deleuze 1741 Words | 6 Pages. The Will to Power Nietzsche believed the will to power to case study report, be the fundamental causal power in the world, the help on reggae . driving force of all natural phenomena and how to essay, the dynamic to which all other causal powers could be reduced. I believe Nietzsche in part hoped the will to power could be a theory of everything, providing the ultimate foundations for on reggae coursework, explanations of everything from whole societies, to individual organisms, down to simple lumps of matter. Of Recommendation For Job Applicant. The will to power cannot be known. It must be understood. Beyond Good and on reggae, Evil , Eternal return , Friedrich Nietzsche 1159 Words | 3 Pages. Essay On Tkam. ?AUTOMATED SUPREME STUDENT COUNCIL ELECTION SYSTEM FOR CONSOLACION COMMUNITY COLLEGE A Thesis Proposal Presented to the Faculty of . the School of Computer Studies, ConsolacionCommunity College In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the degree Bachelor of help on reggae Science in Information Technology By Mary Rose Deuna Ryan Montero Nino Baguio Ralph Michael Balindres Eduard Dave Codera Fritzie D. Skinner Adviser March 2015 Dedication . Ballot , Democracy , Election 1662 Words | 10 Pages. Influence is the essence of for job leadership. To be effective as a leader, it is necessary to influence people to carry out requests, support proposals, and . implement decisions. Power - The concept of power is useful for help on reggae, understanding how people are able to influence each other in john mccain organizations.
Power involves the capacity of one party (the agent) to influence another party (the target). Help. Authority involves the rights, obligations, and duties associated with particular positions in an organization. Authority , Decision making , Game theory 1340 Words | 4 Pages. that “ Power tends to corrupt and absolute power tends to corrupt absolutely”. Give an example to argue your answer. Anti Smoking Essays. (more or less . 500 words) 2. How does media coverage of communal conflict in Indonesia recently influence your views on power and how power may be used to attain political objectives? Give example for your answer. (more or less 1000 words) Answer : 1. “ Power tends to corrupt and help on reggae coursework, absolute power tends to corrupt absolutely” is a famous statement of essay on tkam Lord Acton. Help On Reggae Coursework. Power can be. Essay On Tkam. 1998 , Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie , Indonesia 803 Words | 3 Pages. Filipino scientists Felix Maramba - built a coconut oil-fueled power generator Eduardo San Juan - astronomy - helped invent the Lunar . Rover Charle Mar Abelo - zoologist - study about animals Jezrel Canlas - botany - study about plants Jose Cruz- electrical engineering Emerito de Guzman -work on the growth and development in vitro of the makapuno coconut embryo Caferiono Follosco - Electrical and coursework, Agricultural Engineering. Francisco Fronda H development of letter of recommendation for job applicant poultry industry. Benjamin Franklin , Filipino scientists , Genetics 650 Words | 5 Pages. At this time, many people have been aware about advantages of nuclear power that can mitigate global warming impact but they don’t notice the . disadvantages of nuclear power . Help On Reggae. The advantages of nuclear power are the emission of green house is relatively low, this technology is readily available, it can produce high amount of letter for job electrical energy.
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When a person is rewarded or might . receive a potential reward through recognition, a good job assignment, a pay rise, or additional resources to complete a job, an employee may respond by carrying through with orders, requests and directions. Coercive power is considered the opposite of reward power . Coercive power is considered the ability of the power holder to remove something from a person or to scholarship essay, punish. Coursework. Employment , English-language films 814 Words | 3 Pages.
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Film Noir: A Study in Narrative Openings, Part 1. Film noir is one of those filmic terms which critics lovingly use, but if forced to help, could not give a unified meaning. Like other borrowed terms (mise en scene, genre, realism), when applied to film the mccain, definition becomes hazy. On Reggae? Film noir has been referred to as a genre, a cycle, a movement, a mood, and a style. In a more recent study James Naremore refers to film noir as belonging to a history of study, “ideas” tied to “commercial strategies and aesthetic ideologies,” an idea we have “projected into the past” (as a retro genre term, like horror, which is on reggae usually referred to of recommendation, critically prior to on reggae, its use by mccain the industry as a term, i.e. pre-1930). Those referring to it as a genre are inclusive, stretching the definition to include contemporary films ( Chinatown , Roman Polanski, 1974, Night Moves , Arthur Penn, 1975, Body Heat , Lawrence Kasdan, 1981, Dead Again , Kenneth Branagh, 1991), The Last Seduction , John Dahl, 1994, The Usual Suspects , Bryan Singer, 1995, Bound , Andy, Larry Wachowski, 1996, L.A. Confidential , Curt Hanson, 1997, and The Black Dahlia , Brian De Palma, 2006); those referring to it as a cycle or movement are exclusive, restricting the films to a specific period (usually somewhere between the years 1940 and coursework 1960). Within this group there is a further distinction, with some critics being more inclusive than others. When defined as a mood the films are selected cross generically ( The Lost Weekend , Billy Wilder, 1945/The Problem Picture, Leave Her to Heaven , John Stahl, 1945/Melodrama, Val Lewton’s nine RKO films from essay mccain, 1942 to 1946/Horror, Pursued , Raoul Walsh, 1947/Western, Beat the Devil , John Huston, 1954/Comedy, Bladerunner , Ridley Scott, 1982/Science Fiction, Sin City , Tarantino/Rodriguez 2005/Science-Fiction/Animation.
If one were to make a list of help, every film referred to as film noir by one critic or another the total would certainly exceed 300. My predilection is to define film noir as a specific period, a movement, between the years 1940 and financial study report 1958, which gives weighted balance to social/cultural issues and industry factors (post-World War 2 malaise/uncertainty, changes in help on reggae coursework, the family structure, Cold War paranioa, exodus of German/Austrian talent to the US during the rise of Nazism, etc.). There is little reason to go over this area since it has been treaded over to death. It is important, however, in my structural account of film noir openings, to discuss it in an historical context. I have decided to essay on tkam, narrow my area of coursework, study to the years 1940 to essay, 1950 –which could be considered as the classic period (or moment) of film noir. My reason here is that this period is more representative of the help coursework, classic film noir because it remains closer to its original sources and impetus and quoting in an mla had not yet attained the status of retro/neo-noir. (See Paul Schrader’s seminal article on the film noir for a list of the motivational factors and help coursework phases.) Discussing the films in context implies a consideration of film noir’s relationship to classical Hollywood cinema. In analyzing the films closely various common schemata became apparent. Contextualizing them only seemed natural.
My decision to study film noir openings was not approached a priori but discovered itself when a concerted viewing of over forty film noir revealed a pattern of forceful and emphatic openings. Essay? Therefore the aim of the essay is not only to contextualize film noir but to add insight into its aesthetic by approaching film noir in a new and (hopefully) illuminating way. I will elaborate on coursework my definition of “opening” a little later. To define film noir as classical or anti-classical is a risky endeavor. A case in point is David Bordwell’s writings on quoting a speech essay the subject. According to his unbiased sampling of 100 classical films only 20% of classical cinema employs the flashback, and usually for brief exposition ( The Classical Hollywood Cinema , p.42). How does film noir fit in to this model? Realizing Bordwell’s shifting paradigm which allows for large variances of “bound alternatives,” both linear and non-linear narrative structures are to be considered as part of the classical style. 
This is on reggae understandable, since both linear and non linear narrative structure have appeared in classical cinema, but it is how to write essay also apparent that the flashback structure is used more often, and elaborately, in the film noir. Hence it is a schemata more common to help on reggae, the film noir than, say, the comedy. Does this make film noir less classical? Bordwell discusses film noir under the section “Bounds of Difference” and lists four ways in which film noir is seen to challenge classical cinema ( The Hollywood Classical Cinema , p.76). He then states his belief that these four elements are not really anti- classical but exist on the most extreme side of the bound alternatives. He concludes: “These films blend causal unity with a new realistic and generic motivation, and the result no more subverts the classical film than crime fiction undercuts the orthodox novel” (p.77). In his book Narration in the Fiction Film he is even clearer on this:
In sum, film noir is not outside the pale, as many of its admirers prefer to think. It is a clearly codified option within classicism, a unified set of syuzhet tactics and stylistic features no more disruptive of classical principles than the conventions of of recommendation for job applicant, genres like the musical or the melodrama (p.198). I agree with Bordwell in this respect. Although certain noir elements may strain classical form they remain codified. Therefore the motivation for help on reggae the deviant schemata still falls under one of the four pertaining to classical cinema: compositional, realistic, intertextual, or artistic ( The Hollywood Classical Cinema , p.19). John? The elements which diverge most from classical style fall under the most common type of intertextual motivation: generic. Hence a typical downbeat noir ending is help on reggae no more anti-classical than the song and dance which interupts the narrative in a musical or the direct camera address in the 1930s ‘Anarchistic comedy’ (according to Henry Jenkins, a form of comedy derived from the smoking essays, ‘Vaudeville Aesthetic’). So why is it that film noir is seen by many as a challenge to help on reggae, classical style? The answer lies in an earlier comment: that most noir schemata exist on the most extreme side of the ‘bound alternative.’ Take for a speech essay mla example film noir’s consistent and help coursework complex use of the flashback, its (at times) baffling narrative structure, its intricate and symbol laden lighting patterns, compositions, and camera movements, its ambiguous morality, and its assault on clearly defined story/character motivation.
These elements remain within the bounds of classicism because they are motivated realistically and generically, but they appear anti-classical because they counter the dominant style and hence force the spectator to essay john mccain, work harder by searching for less used or more complex schemata. Help On Reggae Coursework? Also, although these schemata were not invented by film noir they do find their highest concentration within it. To quote Bordwell: Of course, the classical style defines certain spectatorial activities as salient, and the historical dominance of that style has so accustomed us to the activities that audiences may find other schemata more burdensome ( Classical , p.8). Bordwell’s inclusive system may lead one to ask the question, if indeed classicism encompasses such broad stylistic variance then is it really saying anything as a classification? Defining classical cinema is not an how to write a winning scholarship, easy task. When dealing with such a vast body of work an exclusive method would result in too many omissions. The inclusive method, while saying less about individual films, remains the only system capable of managing such a vast undertaking.
I have accepted Bordwell’s system, faults and all, because of its implications. Bordwell feels strongly that classical cinema is not as illusionistic and formulaic as many would believe. Watching classical cinema involves the spectator in an active process where deductions and inferences are made based on incoming information. This is a participation necessary to help on reggae, the completion of the artwork. Bordwell also believes, as I do, that despite film noir’s unified mood (in a general sense), it is not as homogeneous a body of work as many critics would lead you to case study report, believe. An example is the fine essay by coursework J.A.
Place and L.S. Peterson, “Some Visual Motifs of the Film Noir which tends to homogenize the visual style of film noir (concentrating on lighting and composition), while acknowledging that they are ‘diverse films’ that can not be grouped together through “pat political or sociological explanations” (p. Essay On Tkam? 325). Bordwell’s definition of classicism ranges far enough to help, include the of recommendation for job applicant, baroque/mannerist strain of any art form. Other genre critics, notably Jack Shadoian in Dreams and Dead Ends: The American Gangster/Crime Film and Tom Schatz in Hollywood Genres have discussed the help on reggae, evolutional quality inherent in film cycles and genres.
Each genre/cycle has various stages it undergoes, from the formative stage where conventions are realized, to the classical stage where they are honed and perfected, to a baroque stage where formal and stylistic experimentation occurs, to a final reflexive and smoking essays parodic stage. In a sense, Bordwell’s inclusive definition of classical cinema (all Hollywood films made between the years 1917 to help coursework, 1960) can be understood through Noel Carroll’s reworking of George Dickie’s Institutional Theory of Art. Carroll states that something qualifies as a work of art if it can be appreciated as a repetition, amplification, or repudiation of an financial report, earlier artwork (1979). With respect to Bordwell any film which repeats, amplifies, or repudiates classicism, while remaining within the said parameters, belongs within the classical style. On Reggae Coursework? In effect, this becomes the quoting a speech, bound alternative. In discussing classical narration Bordwell says: “Typically, the on reggae coursework, opening and closing of the film are the most self conscious, omniscient, and communicative passages” ( Narration in essay on tkam, Fiction Film , p.160). Keeping in mind film noir’s tenuous relationship with classicism I aim to discuss the noir opening and on reggae coursework how it is an amplification of the typical classical opening. Financial Study Report? All openings in classical narration are important, but in film noir they seem to take on an added importance, thereby remaining within the classical paradigm but amplifying it. The importance may rest on several levels: dramatic (quickly pulling us into the diegesis), narrational (retarding/withholding information or setting the help on reggae, story in motion), stylistic (setting the letter of recommendation, tone for the balance of the film), and thematic (revealing the themes and currents underlying the help, film).
Marc Vernet describes the opening of film noirs as being marked by a disarming ‘quietude’ which seems paradoxical when compared to the violence and brutality which follows. Anti Smoking Essays? “Without doubt, this air of safety is more or less relative since one may identify the distinctive traits of the help on reggae, film noir in its very first images” (Vernet, p. 3). Of course not all film noirs come shooting out of the starting gate. As is the case with any cluster of films there will always be divertions, exceptions, and inclusions which are less representative. Applicant? To quote Jack Shadoian: The gangster/crime genre is an involved system of family relationships. Specific films tend to violate, extend, adapt, and on reggae sometimes dismiss the quoting in an, conventions that in part color and motor them even as they are evoked and put into play. (p. x) Returning to help on reggae coursework, the earlier discussion of Bordwell’s broad definition of classicism, if you replace the words “gangster/crime genre” with “classical Hollywood cinema” this quote serves the Bordwell/Carroll parallelism of repetition, amplification, and repudiation very well. Before beginning the analysis a definition of john mccain, what I mean by help “opening” is in order. In trying to john, come up with a working definition I attempted to help on reggae coursework, keep it as simple and sensible as possible by allowing the openings to describe themselves. I came up with the following: an opening is the first completed action, event, or important exposition rendered by the film.
For example, the train ambush in White Heat (Raoul Walsh, 1949), the murders in The Dark Mirror (Robert Siodmak, 1948), and The Spiral Staircase (Robert Siodmak, 1946), the hired killing in This Gun For Hire (Frank Tuttle, 1942), and the pardoning of Roy Earle in High Sierra (Raoul Walsh, 1941). Although the variances are great in terms of a speech, length (from 45 seconds to 17 minutes) and manner of assembly (one shot/several shots, one scene/several scenes) they are almost always clearly demarcated by fades, dissolves, or wipes and usually have a microcosmic Aristotlean structure (beginning, middle, and on reggae coursework end and, yes Godard, in that order). In the majority of the films with a flashback structure the complete “prologue” leading to the flashback constitutes the opening. At times this meant having a lengthy opening, but for the following reason I felt this was inevitable: since the prologues functioned as complete sequences it seemed natural to keep them intact. Subsequently (with the exception of Knock on Any Door , Nicholas Ray, 1949) I could not find a comfortable “out” point.
What would become of the remaining portion of the prologue? The most difficult film to establish an opening for was Mildred Pierce (Michael Curtiz, 1945). The brief 35 second murder scene which opens the film may appear to be a cohesive scene, an opening, but the manner in which it fuses to the next scene, in tone and temporal order, suggests otherwise; and, once the subsequent scene begins it must be followed to its conclusion: the beginning of the flashback. It’s common knowledge that the beginning of a narrative must have a magnetic lure. In discussing the insulation and “public privacy” accorded to us by the darkened theatre house V.F. Perkins suggests that film is self consciously aware of the psychological distance between the film world and a speech in an essay mla the real world “…by allowing the spectator time at the beginning and end of the help on reggae, movie to shed and reassume his self consciousness” (Perkins, p.134). Indeed many films draw us into case study report, their world with slow, inviting camera movements, usually beginning from afar and then moving forward (sometimes in conjunction with dissolves), often literally bringing us into the diegesis through the frame of help on reggae, a window or door: The Bride of a speech in an, Frankenstein (James Whale, 1935), Journey Into Fear (Norman Foster, 1943), The Big Clock (John Farrow, 1948), Conflict (Curtis Bernhardt, 1945), Nocturne (Edwin L. Marin, 1946), Body and Soul (Robert Rossen, 1947), Night of the help, Hunter (Charles Laughton, 1955), Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, 1960).
The dramatic pull of openings is in no better evidence than the film noir. Quoting A Speech? Seeing film after film it became apparent that the help on reggae coursework, emphatic opening is a film noir convention. (And my study did not include The Killers (Robert Siodmak, 1946), and Touch of Evil (Orson Welles, 1958)! Based on my findings the openings can be divided into essay, four general types: Group A consists of films with a flashback structure. It is help coursework subdivided into two types: the framed flashback (Group A1), where we begin in financial case, the present, go to an extended flashback and on reggae then return to the conclusion in the present (the classic A B A structure), and the interspersed flashback (Group A2), where the narrative oscillates between the present and the past. The majority of the framed flashbacks are of the A B A variety. The transitions from present to past and smoking back are clearly demarcated by a dissolve, wipe, or fade, and from a story standpoint we never actually leave the initial location (a police station in D.O.A. , Rudolph Mate, 1949, The Dark Past , Rudolph Mate, 1948, and Murder, My Sweet , Edward Dmytryk, 1944, an armored truck in Criss Cross , Robert Siodmak, 1949, and a swimming pool in Sunset Boulevard , Billy Wilder, 1950) because the on reggae coursework, flashback has taken place inside a character’s mind. Although cued subjectively, by the lead protagonist, once the flashback begins the narration takes on an objective or omniscient point of view. As Bordwell says:
Character memory is simply a convenient immediate motivation for a shift in chronology; once the shift is accomplished, there are no constant cues to remind us that we are supposedly in someone’s mind. ( Classical , p.43) The variances within the second type, the interspersed, depend on the number of times the narration returns to the present. The slight variances from the A B A model will be mentioned in context. The films from essay on tkam, Group B1 maintain a linear narrative in help on reggae coursework, accordance with classical Hollywood style. All the openings are revelatory in some way. At the least, they all introduce the lead protagonist in essay on tkam, their milieu and/or dilemma. Many of them go further by revealing important emotional and psychological character traits and a few go a step further by interweaving them with the theme(s) of the film. In classical Hollywood style (if you want a message call Western Union) this is motivated by the need to start and move the coursework, story forward (narrationally). The films in Group B2 also have a linear structure but begin more emphatically with a highly expressive/stylistic opening which functions as a microcosmic prologue to the film’s style and/or theme(s) and currents. In these openings thematic and stylistic revelation dominate over anti smoking character/story revelation. Since space prohibits a close reading of coursework, all the openings I have selected one or two representative films from each group which I will discuss in depth in Part 1 of the essay ( The Dark Past , Sorry, Wrong Number , This Gun For Hire , White Heat , The Set-Up , The Letter ), and will then continue with a greater sampling of a winning, films treated in less detail, in the second part of help on reggae, this essay ( Journey Into Fear , Murder, My Sweet , The Strange Love of Martha Ivers , Body and essay on tkam Soul , Criss Cross , Champion , D.O.A. , Sunset Boulevard , Laura , Double Indemnity , Mildred Pierce , Out of the Past , Knock On Any Door , High Sierra , The Maltese Falcon , The Glass Key , Cornered , Scarlet Street , Gilda , The Stranger , The Big Sleep , The Lady From Shanghai , Key Largo , Caught , The Spiral Staircase , Notorious , The Dark Mirror , and The Asphalt Jungle . The thrust of coursework, my analysis will be to a speech in an mla, describe the action and help coursework formal elements of the anti smoking, opening and interpret them in terms of stylistic and thematic intent.
Broken down, there are general questions I asked of all the openings: what can we infer from them and what is the driving motivation behind them? For the latter question I was guided by Bordwell’s system: 1) compositional: common sense elements which are required for help a particular narrative to function, for example, “a story involving a theft requires a cause for the theft and an object to be stolen” (p. 19) 2) realistic: the financial report, plausability factor 3) intertextual: factors relating to the conventions operating within that type of art, with generic being the most common, and 4) artistic: when aspects of the art form call attention to itself through technical virtuosity, showmanship, or strategies that expose the ‘invisibility’ of classical style through reflexivity, parody, etc. (Classical, p.21-23). In support of and in addition to these motivational factors I employed a triad of broad semantic and syntactical parameters: narrational (when an element relates directly to the plot and its ordering), sensational (an element which is less concerned with plot than spectacle and exploitation), and reverberational (elements which are laid out for the expressed purpose of setting up (or foreshadowing) a mood, atmosphere, tone, or motif).  I am also indebted to the theoretical insights of E.H. Gombrich, Noel Carroll, and help on reggae V.F. A Winning Essay? Perkins. On Reggae? Some of the more specific questions asked include: Is the opening reflexive? Does it have a symbolic or structural link to the conclusion?
What is the relationship between directorial and generic style? From group A1 have selected Rudolph Mate’s The Dark Past (framed flashback) and Anatole Litvak’s Sorry, Wrong Number (interspersed flashbacks). Case Studies. Group A1: Framed Flashback. The Dark Past (Rudolph Mate, 1948)
Description : The film begins with a series of dissolves from an letter, overhead shot of the city, to tall buildings, to a crowd of people. The images are cued by L.J. Cobb’s (Dr. Andrew Collins) voice-over narration. The camera follows people boarding a bus. Help On Reggae Coursework? The V.O. comments on the routine daily activities we all must endure. Inside the bus the essay john, camera tracks left to right along the faces of the passengers while the help, V.O. Financial? interprets their thoughts. As the bus stops and passengers disembark the coursework, V.O. informs us “this is where I work.” Cut to an optical point of view  tracking shot toward a building. Several police officers greet Dr. Collins/camera as they walk by. Two dissolves bring us into the police station.
The camera continues to dolly forward through a corridor, tilting up to capture the respective departmental signs above each door. We arrive at his office, “Police Psychiatrist” just as he says “… experts at understanding people.” The camera tilts down from the sign, the study, door opens and on reggae the camera enters the of recommendation applicant, room. Moments later the doctor enters the frame to pick up a sheet of paper from his desk, ending, for the moment, the subjective narration. Coursework? As the quoting a speech in an essay, doctor and police officer speak Dr. Collins looks out the window at a new group of prisoners being escorted into help, the precinct (seen as his POV ). His V.O. begins and bridges a cut to the viewing room. As each prisoner is identified he externalizes their thoughts in V.O. The fourth prisoner, an essay john, 18 year old, catches his interest. After he analyzes the help on reggae, young prisoner we shift back to objective narration and he attempts to convince the arresting officer that the young prisoner be sent to the psychiatric ward.
They return to the doctor’s office and the officer asks: “Doc, why should you care about a kid like Larrapoe?” To prove his point the doctor begins to a winning essay, relate the story of Al Walker (William Holden), an infamous criminal. The camera dollies in slightly to the seated doctor and his voice bridges the dissolve to the flashback: “Wasn’t too long ago, not more than a couple of years ….” Interpretation and Insights : Bordwell distinguishes two types of spatial establishing paradigms: immediate and help gradual ( Classical , p.63). The former begins within the locale, usually on a small detail, then pulls back to reveal the entire space. The latter takes us into essay on tkam, the space incrementally (the series of coursework, dissolves being the classic example). The Dark Past establishes its location gradually. This opening is important stylistically and thematically. Stylistically the subjective POV shot which brings us into the police station and into his office primes us for the film’s most important and impressive scene, Al Walker’s surrealist/subjective recollection of the childhood incident which triggered his Oedipal Complex. This scene, however, is much more distanced stylistically from the film than the subjective POV shots in the opening. The subjective strategy in the opening is similar to the opening of Rouben Mamoulian’s Dr.
Jekyll Mr. Hyde (1932). The oscillating point of view in the opening primes us for the rest of the film. The point of view in the opening shifts from essay mccain, subjective to objective. This also occurs in help, the flashback, which is triggered subjectively (by Dr. Collins) but takes on an omniscient point of view and a subjective POV of another character (Al Walker). We can infer many of the film’s themes from the opening. Its documentary tone (partly on essay john location photography, V.O. narration, deglamorization of the police, “This is where I work”) cues us for the social commentary.
One of the film’s most blatant statements is the on reggae coursework, need to recognize the individual within the mass. At two points in the opening the V.O. narration interprets the thoughts and feelings of various people. From this we can infer the subsequent importance that psychoanalysis will play in solving the story’s obstacle (Al Walker’s Oedipal block) and the significance placed on psychiatry as a means of correcting and preventing deviant social behavior. John? Dr. Coursework? Collins places the burden of a speech essay, such control squarely on the back of society. From this vantage the motivation for the opening is narrational, slightly artistic (didactic) and also reverberational, since many of the film’s themes are established in the opening.
Comparing the opening of The Dark Past with that of Mate’s other film noir, D.O.A. , becomes interesting because it exposes the link between form and content. Both films begin with a similar action: a man making his way through a police station. In The Dark Past the camera POV is subjective. In D.O.A. Help Coursework? it is not; instead the camera follows the man from essay on tkam, behind his back. The reason for this strategy is to keep the on reggae, man’s identity unknown, thereby emphasizing the theme of fate and coincidental tragedy.
The character’s anonymity could likewise have been withheld with a subjective camera position, but that would have taken away from the randomness and universality of the protagonist/event. Therefore the camera style which opens D.O.A. indicates the film’s central theme: fate and chance happening. In The Dark Past we need a character to lead us. Dr. Collins becomes our authority figure (as he says, “It takes an expert to catch another expert”), informing us and financial case convincing us of the importance of help on reggae coursework, society’s role in the prevention and anti smoking reformation of crime and help coursework criminals. Group A2: Interspersed Flashbacks. Sorry, Wrong Number (Anatole Litvak, 1948) Length of a winning scholarship, Opening : 9’15” (After a 25 sec. intertitle prologue)
Description : The film begins with a dissolve from the prologue to coursework, a shot of the city at night. A subsequent dissolve brings us into a dark, deserted office. The camera dollies toward a door; the words “Henry J. Stevenson Vice President” become visible. Another dissolve brings us inside the room. The camera continues to dolly forward toward the desk; on it rests a telephone, with its receiver off. There is a dissolve to another location. Essay On Tkam? Leona Stevenson (Barabara Stanwyck) is lying in her bed, phone in hand, attempting to reach her husband, Henry J. Stevenson (Burt Lancaster). The camera pans to her night table as she reaches for a cigarette and help coursework lighter (a marriage photo and anti smoking essays small clock are visible). Her behavior toward the operator is forceful, demanding, and coursework impatient.
Before hanging up she accidently connects into another line. The camera dollies to a close up as she realizes that the two men are planning a murder. Before the victim’s address is essay on tkam given the connection is lost. Leona hangs up. Cut to a medium shot. She graps the phone again and calls the operator, insisting that the operator trace the on reggae coursework, call.
She reaches for of recommendation applicant a tissue paper on her other night table; the camera pans with her but remains on the table long enough to reveal a crowd of medicine bottles. Cut back to Leona. The camera now becomes assertive. (An omniscient camera movement unmotivated by character or any other classical motivation, i.e. reframe, follow a character, a moving vehicle, etc.) It dollies to her open window, across the length of her room (dissolve) down her staircase, and to a bell high up on the downstairs wall which she uses to summon her servants. Throughout this assertive camera movement we hear her offscreen voice complaining that she has been left alone for the night and help coursework that nobody cares for her. We cut back to letter of recommendation applicant, Leona. Coursework? She receives a phone call from her father in Chicago. Letter For Job Applicant? A painting of coursework, her father bridges a dissolve to him. How To A Winning Scholarship? The camera pans around the den while they talk. He tells her daughter that the house is like a morgue without her, meanwhile there is a party going on in the next room. After their talk we dissolve to help on reggae coursework, a clock in Leona’s room and to another location. Interpretation and Insights : This powerful opening is extremely evocative of the film’s themes and primes us, with its visual style, for the harrowing conclusion.
The use of the financial case report, mobile camera is its most striking feature. However, it is not used for showmanship but to on reggae, enhance the character’s mental and physical claustrophobia, her isolation, to complement the dialogue, and to expose subtle visual clues. How To Write A Winning Scholarship Essay? For example, one of the several clues overheard by help on reggae Leona about the murder plan is that it is to take place at 11:15 PM because the 11:15 train that passes on how to write the nearby bridge will camouflage any screams. After the help coursework, disturbing phone call the camera leaves her bedside and tracks to quoting in an essay, the open window. It is dark, but visible in the distance is a lit bridge. The camera continues to on reggae, dolly across her room and then down the anti smoking, staircase leading to help on reggae coursework, the bell on quoting a speech in an the wall. The movement not only on reggae coursework establishes the space but emphasizes her isolation. It is simply mirroring her emotional state as she complains to essay on tkam, the operator about her loneliness. This camera movement around her room and down the help, stairs foreshadows the essay on tkam, even more complex 1 minute 45 second crane shot in the final scene. Help On Reggae? The shot opens on a clock. A Winning Essay? It pans to a close up of Leona on coursework her bed.
She is talking frantically on the phone. How To Scholarship Essay? The camera slowly cranes up and away from Leona, out of the help on reggae coursework, second story window, down around a tree and to the ground, capturing the dark silhouetted figure searching and then entering through a side window. Litvak employs the Bazinian schemata of the moving camera to maintain the “integrity” of spatial unity. Essay? However, in this case its function is not to suggest the “ambiguity” of reality but rather to help, stress its very reality –a killer stalking its helpless victim. Quoting In An Essay Mla? Rather than crosscutting, the uninterrupted camera movement from Leona in her deathbed to the killer visualizes the help on reggae, exact distance between them, augmenting the suspense by showing us both the spatial and temporal contiguity of killer/victim, life/death. Like the later Rear Window , the opening of Sorry, Wrong Number visually reveals important character and story elements. Within the essay on tkam, first few moments we infer that she is help on reggae married (the photo), bedridden and ill (the medicine bottles), alone and isolated (the slow tracking shots), and essay on tkam wholly dependent on the telephone. The moving camera captures her physical isolation in her immediate spatial environment; the telephone captures her emotional as well as physical isolation from the on reggae coursework, outside world. The operator, her link to the world, the anti smoking, police officer, society’s symbol of protection, and her father, her own personal protector, all prove utterly useless in realizing her pleas for on reggae coursework help. Case Study Report? (Her father says that the conversation she overheard was probably a radio program, a reflexive allusion to help on reggae coursework, Lucille Fletcher’s original radio play.) It is write scholarship no coincidence that she is murdered while on the telephone with her husband. According to Noel Carroll, one of the coursework, reasons why movies hold such a powerful attraction for audiences is because of essay john mccain, its “erotetic” (question/answer model) narrative (1985). Movies generate a variety of questions which are answered during the progress of the film.
This question/answer model engages the audience in an inductive process whereby they must absorb incoming information and infer what may happen. Carroll distinguishes between two of many types: the micro question and help on reggae the macro question. A micro question is one which is a speech in an mla answered in the same scene or in one of the immediately succeeding scenes. A macro question remains unanswered for the majority of the film, often until the final scene. The most obvious example being Citizen Kane ‘s “Rosebud.”
The opening of Sorry, Wrong Number poses one of each. The micro question –where did Henry J Stevenson go after work?– is answered in the subsequent scene (the first flashback). The more important is the macro question: who is the help, victim of the planned murder? Although the conclusive answer only comes toward the end, we are certainly encouraged to infer a guess. The opening provides two noteworthy clues: the visual emphasis on Leona’s isolation and helplessness, and the pointed delineation of her overbearing, domineering nature, her illness, and her wealth: plenty enough motivation for murder in the film noir world! This Gun For Hire (Frank Tuttle, 1942) Description : The film begins with a fade in to a dingy hotel room, an a winning, immediate establishing of the space.
A man, Raven (Alan Ladd), is lying on his bed. The camera is at help on reggae coursework a slight low angle. In the foreground hangs a coat and just below an alarm clock on a night table. The alarm clock rings. Raven awakens, shuts the alarm and sits up on his bed. Diegetic piano music is heard. He looks at his watch, removes a letter from his coat pocket and checks an address (insert shot). Essay On Tkam? Cut back to a low angle medium shot of Raven.
After securing that his gun is help loaded he places it and the letter inside his briefcase and in an essay mla begins to leave. The sound of the window shutting draws his attention to on reggae coursework, a kitten. He pours the kitten some milk then leaves to essays, wash his hands. In the meantime a young maid enters. The kitten spills a can, prodding the maid to frighten the kitten. Raven returns; angered, he slaps the maid and forces her out of the room. He pats the kitten then gets up to leave. Two dissolves later he is entering an apartment building. A young girl seated on the stair case greets him as he makes his way upstairs. He meets with a man, a blackmailer who is under the impression that Raven is there to give him money in exchange for an incriminating letter.
A woman is also present. Help Coursework? She leaves the room. After listening to the man ramble Raven removes the gun from his briefcase and shoots the man once. The woman enters the room. How To Write Scholarship Essay? Raven remarks, “They said he’d be alone.” She runs back into the bedroom but Raven shoots her once through the door. He checks to make sure she is dead, confirms the letter, places it in his briefcase and leaves. In the hallway the innocent girl says, “Mister, I dropped my ball.” Two shot counter shots lengthen the moment. On Reggae Coursework? Raven makes a movement to go into his briefcase for his gun, stops, and decides to retrieve the ball. How To Write? The scene fades out. Interpretation and help on reggae Insights : Here is an example of film noir excelling within the for job, classical paradigm. This opening has all the earmarks of the classical Hollywood sequence: clearly demarcated scenes (in the hotel room, in the apartment, and in the hallway), transitions (fade in and fade out) and on reggae one completed action, culminating in a beginning, middle, and end.
There is nothing excessive or overtly symbolic, as every action has a narrational purpose. However, the opening remains richly evocative of quoting essay mla, noir character, environment, and visual and aural schemata. The noir visual look is established as early as the first shot of the film. The low angle and cluttered frame immediately suggest the claustrophobic noir environment. Several of the subsequent shots are again framed from a low angle, emphasizing the enclosing ceiling and walls. The room, replete with harsh shadows (they seem painted), murky walls and help chipped plaster, characterizes the ‘seedy’ noir world.
The deathly still aura lingering within the room foreshadows the impending murder. Not even the repetitive piano music can cut through the essay mccain, aura of silence. The opening establishes not only on reggae coursework Raven’s character but, since this was his first starring role, Alan Ladd’s screen persona. Raven, the how to write, hired killer, is awaken by an alarm clock: just another day at the office. His demeanor is quiet and gestures graceful and calculated. A loner, Raven has a stronger affinity for cats than humans. (As he says later, “they’re on their own, they don’t need anybody.”) He is the consumate professional, always turning in help on reggae coursework, a “neat” performance. While the blackmailer rambles on Raven remains silent. Before revealing his gun he flashes the blackmailer a sardonic half smile, a hired killer’s confident, fond farewell. Raven’s professionalism and “neatness” is evident in his style: one bullet per smoking victim.
He is help on reggae coursework thorough, making sure that the woman is stone cold dead and that the letter is authentic before leaving. On the way out essay he is interrupted by the young girl. The shot counter shots establish that the girl has seen Raven’s face well. The completist, Raven contemplates killing her but decides against it. This conclusion plants a provocative rhetorical question in the audience’s mind: would he go that far? As Willard Cates (Laird Cregar) later finds out, Raven is a man you do not want to double cross. Help? By the end of the opening Raven’s (and Ladd’s) screen persona is indelibly carved: the laconic “cold angel” with boyish good looks masking a tough, uncomprimising interior. White Heat (Raoul Walsh, 1949) Description : The film begins with a series of dissolves from macro to micro: an aerial pan of the city, to a “California Highway State Line” sign, to a long shot of a train. From the train there is a L-R swish pan capturing a car in transit. Financial Case Study? Cut to the interior of the coursework, car.
Four men are seated in the car. Essays? James Cagney (Cody Jarrett) is in the front passenger side. The camera dollies in slightly to frame on Cody. Help Coursework? He nudges the driver, motioning him to case report, speed up. Three cuts ensue, from the car to the train and back to the car. The camera pans to follow the car screeching around a bend. Cut to a head on shot of the train as it chugs past the help coursework, camera left. Case Study? The scene momentarily changes to help, the interior of the train to observe the other half of Cody’s gang at work.
The scene returns to the exterior. The men quickly exit the car and execute their respective duties. John Mccain? In the ensuing shots the coursework, train comes to a halt, the mail compartment is dynamited open and the heist a success except for a few casualties. Two train employees are ruthlessly shot down by Jarrett simply because they know his name. After the second man is shot he falls onto a lever, which accidentally releases hot steam into the face of case, one of Cody’s men. Cody looks down at him writhing in pain and then yells out, “Come on, let’s get outta here.” He runs off screen right and the other men pick up the injured man.
There is a dissolve to a radio newsman reporting the hold up. Interpretation and Insights : The motivation for this opening is narrational (animates the narrative) and compositional (logical causal factors). In the first few shots director Raoul Walsh relies heavily on on reggae audience’s mental set. Anti Smoking Essays? Any person who has seen at coursework least one or two gangster films recognizes the connotative meaning of the fourth shot in essay on tkam, the film. On Reggae? The car, the dress code of the four men and how to the presence of James Cagney cue us into the crime milieu. This shot, in combination with the previous shot of the train, are all we need to help, infer that a hold up is in progress.
This fourth shot is the most important single shot in the opening. Not only does it cue us to the crime milieu, but it subtley hints at Cody’s psychosis. Cody is letter of recommendation framed in medium shot. He looks at his watch. The camera dollies in slowly to a close up as he nudges the driver and motions for him to speed up. Help Coursework? After this action is completed the camera remains on the close-up for essay john mccain an extra beat. Knowing director Walsh’s classical style, where each camera movement has a function, the nature of this shot has an emphatic purpose above any immediate narrational function. For example, the lingering close up may inform us that this character is the leader of help, this gang, but, being James Cagney in 1949, the essay john, audience undoubtedly know this already.
There is an intense look on Cody’s face, and he even looks away once, suggesting unease and restlessness. This lingering close-up has no other function, therefore we can infer that it must signify something. I will submit that this is a subtle nuance but, is it too subtle for Hollywood? In the Carrollian sense this opening challenges us, at this early point, to infer Cody’s psychosis (or in the least his viciousness) from the close up and Cody’s behavior during the hold up. If interpreted in coursework, a certain way, the opening can be seen as a reflexive commentary. White Heat has as much in common, if not more, with the 1930’s gangster cycle as with the film noir. Cody Jarrett, like Roy Earle in High Sierra , is a throwback to the prohibition era: a man behind the letter, times; it is on reggae 1949 and the gangster collective has given away to essay mccain, the individualistic noir anti-hero. The train hold up is reminiscent of the coursework, era of the essay, western, when train hold ups were common. If this allusion is conscious, then it is a reflection of the anachronistic current running throughout White Heat . I will now move on on reggae to the two examples from Group B2 (linear/powerfully emphatic), The Set Up and The Letter . Group B2: Linear/Powerfully Emphatic.
The Set-Up (Robert Wise, 1949) Description : (There is a title sequence of a boxing fight. All that is visible are the boxer’s legs. One of the smoking, fighters collapses to the canvas. Fade out.) Fade in.
The opening shot begins high above street level, parallel to a street clock in the right foreground; it reads 9:05. On the extreme right we see a hotel’s neon sign. Help Coursework? On the street level in the background is another huge sign: “Paradise City” (the wrestling/boxing arena). The camera cranes forward past the clock and toward street level. Another neon sign becomes visible: “Dreamland.” On the letter of recommendation for job, soundtrack we hear jazz music and a loud teenager selling the help, evening paper complete with fight card. There is a cut to a man selling only fight cards. (From his drawl we can correctly infer that he is an ex-boxer.) The youngster walks in screen right, directly in front of the man and continues selling his paper. The camera dollies in to a two shot.
The man pleads: “Hey, I gotta make a buck too.” The brash youngster replies: “Ah, go take a walk.” Cut to the dejected man. Camera pans with him as he exits frame right and fixes on a group of people purchasing tickets. The central figures are a blind man and his male companion. Camera pans with them left as they enter the arena. Another man enters frame left and the camera follows him to another group of people. A quick reframe settles on a shot of two women. The following conversation takes place: First Woman (without hat): I don’t know why I let George talk me into coming. Second Woman: (very sarcastically) Why Harriett, I thought you liked the fights. First Woman: Like them, last time I kept my hands over my eyes the whole time.
The camera reframes right (the corner of the quoting, building) to help coursework, another shot of essay john mccain, two men standing at the fight poster discussing who to place bets on. Stoker Thompson’s (Robert Ryan) age is the butt of a joke. On Reggae Coursework? They exit frame left and case study the camera turns slightly and dollies in to the poster. The Stoker Thompson vs. On Reggae? Tiger Nelson fight line commands center frame.
An arm enters frame left and strikes a match over Thompson’s name. Camera reframes left to follow the match to the cigarette. Another two shot, of a short, balding man and a speech mla a taller, sweaty and on reggae unkept man. (The taller man is Tiny, Stoker’s manager and the other Red, his corner man.) They enter the of recommendation applicant, “Ringside Cafe.” Tiny meets alone with another man and in a series of shot reverse shots we discover that he has thrown the night’s upcoming fight for the short money ($50.00). Tiny and Red leave the cafe. Tiny cheats Red on his cut by telling him that their share was only $30.00.
We also find out that to save Stoker’s cut Tiny has not informed Stoker about the set up. Coursework? Red remains unsettled at the idea of Stoker being kept in the dark. The camera follows them to a point then dollies in quickly to Stoker Thompson’s name on the fight poster. (The camera then pans 90 degrees to a hotel across the street, signalling the subsequent scene with Stoker and his girlfriend in the hotel room.) Interpretation and Insights : This impressive opening is motivated narrationally and reverberationally. It informs us of the major drama and poses a central macro question: will Stoker follow suit and lose as usual or will he upset the balance with a victory? One of the interesting features of essay on tkam, this opening is that it introduces several minor but key characters.
The punch drunk vendor for example, who we later find out is one of on reggae, Stoker’s biggest fans, remains a constant reminder of financial case study, where Stoker may be heading. More importantly perhaps are the host of characters who will reappear during the fight scene as key spectators. Throughout the fight scene there are reaction cuts to the spectators. Director Robert Wise does not paint a pretty picture of the boxing fan (or human nature). Wise portrays the help, fan as a blood thirsty savage who vicariously indulges his/her deep, primordial urges (catharsis?). For example, the blind man, who has the essay on tkam, fight recounted to him blow by coursework blow by his friend, remarks in a viscious tone: “Why don’t he work on that eye.’ The worse culprit is the how to a winning scholarship essay, hypocritical woman who in the opening laments going to the fights and then behaves like an animal during the fights. Whereas most of the noir openings introduce the lead character in the flesh, in The Set Up Stoker’s presence is felt equally strong through other means: his name on the fight poster, the people who discuss him, and the punch drunk vendor. The expositional nature of the on reggae, opening goes beyond plot advancement (narrational motivation) to the more complex reverberational motivation.
Most of the film’s themes are echoed within the opening: corruption, lost dreams, father time, and the cruel and hypocritical side of human nature. The opening shot cranes past a large clock, establishing the “real time” structure while symbolizing the inevitable reality every aging boxer must face. Visible are the signs “Paradise City” and “Dreamland,” a not too subtle reference to the washed up boxer’s lost dreams. The punch drunk vendor trying to eke out essay on tkam a living selling fight cards is help coursework overshadowed by the aggressive youngster, exposing the capitalist version of essays, Social Darwinism. Stoker’s manager Tiny has a highly dubious moral and ethical system.
Not only does he cheat Red, in all likelihood his only friend, but his fighter. The boxing world once again stands in as a micrososm of corruption in society. The first few shots establish the coursework, space of the film: hotel, fight arena, and quoting essay cafe. Outside of a few scenes with Stoker’s girlfriend Julie, the coursework, film is confined to this area. Metaphorically, Stoker’s own life has also been confined to anti smoking, a similar “space”: dingy hotel rooms, arenas, and help on reggae coursework bars/cafes. A recurring camera movement during this opening, the quick pan and/or reframe, will play a key role in another of the film’s great scenes. After winning the fight Stoker is left by himself to answer to the irate gamblers. He tries to elude them but is eventually cornered in a dark alley. John Mccain? He struggles but is pinned to the ground by several men. The leader, Little Boy, gives the signal to commence the savage beating and the camera quickly pans to a shadowed reflection of a jazz band on a nearby wall, the frenzied music standing in for the beating. (This exact same tactic is used in The Sweet Smell of coursework, Success (Alexander Mackendrick, 1957) and, with variation, by Sam Fuller in Underworld USA , 1961.) An unusual feature of the financial case study, film is its strict accordance to help, “real time.” The film is 72 minutes.
The credits last just under one minute. The clock in the opening shot reads 9:05. The final shot cranes back past the letter for job, same clock, now reading 10:16, perfectly accounting for the remaining 71 minutes of screen/story time. There is a fade out at the end of the credit sequence, a fade in to the film and a final fade out at the end. (Since the credit sequence is bridged by fades it is temporally distanced from the film and hence its action –a boxer being knocked out– serves as a metaphor for Stoker’s less than successful boxing career.) Outside of these three fades all other transitions in the film are straight cuts. At that period in help on reggae, the evolution of the language of essay john, film style the fade/dissolve/wipe were common transitional schemata depicting varying time lapses. The unadorned cut was used to help on reggae coursework, join shots which succeeded each other in continuous temporal order. Essays? This usually meant either shots within one established locale or scenes occurring simultaneously (crosscutting). Being a former editor Robert Wise was as conscious of this as anyone.
Therefore, to help, emphasize the temporal structure of the film (screen time=story time) Wise begins and ends on a clock and uses the ‘straight’ cut exclusively. I can not be sure, but would be willing to letter of recommendation, bet that The Set-Up is the only Hollywood film of the 1940’s not to employ a fade, dissolve, or wipe (excluding the beginning and end). What intrigues me the most about this realistically motivated aesthetic choice is the rhetorical question of whether or not the audience at that time consciously made the connection between the exclusive use of the help on reggae coursework, cut and the temporal structure of the report, film. It is obvious that this was a conscious choice on the part of the filmmaker’s, but how did the audience react? The use of the fade/dissolve/wipe was a part of the 1940 audience mental set, but how closely attuned to their own mental sets were they? They could perceive their presence but how about their absence? Were they conscious of the lack of a fade, dissolve, and wipe and help on reggae accord that to the strategy of essay, real time, or was it something they felt intuitively? My guess is that the latter would be more likely, hence certain mental sets may be intuitively felt more than cognitively realized. Coursework? In fact I would say that, on a cognitive level, the opening and closing shots of the anti smoking, clock trigger the temporal strategy of the film more than the exclusive use of the cut. (That is, to help coursework, an average viewer.)
On one of my viewings of The Set-Up I kept track of the cuts and counted 630. Allowing for a margin of error, this works out to an approximate average shot length of 6.8 seconds, faster than the average of that period (9) but well within Bordwell’s bound alternative. My brief research reveals the limitations of such studies. The 6.8 ASL might persuade someone who hasn’t seen the film to infer that The Set-Up does not employ much mise en scene (long takes, depth of field, mobile camera, intricate blocking) but rather that it derives more of its stylistic meaning from the editing. The cutting in The Set-Up is excellent, and used for more than just moving the story along, but the ASL does not reveal that a great percentage of the cuts, (approx. Letter Of Recommendation? 311) occur during the fight scene, which takes up approximately 24 minutes (one third) of screen/story time.
Away from the fight scene –and fight scenes are always cut quickly– the ASL is on reggae coursework much higher. Indeed there are several intricate and important long takes in The Set-Up . Essay On Tkam? Therefore the ASL is not always an accurate indication of shooting style for someone who has not seen the film in question. A better assessment of the film’s statistical measures would be a scene by help scene average, which would then reveal precisely where and when the average shot length varies. The Letter (William Wyler, 1940) Description : Although the opening lasts 15’45” I will only describe the most important section, the first 5’45”. The film begins with a night shot of the moon. The shot dissolve to a sign –“Rubber Co. Singapore, Plantation No. 1”– and then to letter of recommendation for job applicant, a tree trunk.
The camera tilts down the trunk to a bucket collecting sap. The camera cranes up and away from the tree and left to help, right across the worker’s sleeping area. Workers are seen lying on hammocks, sleeping, resting, playing chess, etc. The camera cranes up to a second level and continues over the straw roof; (Dissolve) the camera is still tracking L-R. Essays? A cottage is on reggae visible in the background. A gunshot is heard. A man stumbles out of the door onto the front porch; a woman is seen following behind him. A second gunshot is anti smoking heard and help on reggae (cut) to dogs awakening to the sound. Three shots of the workers ensue. The third gunshot is followed by a closer shot of the incident. The man, in the foreground, falls down below the frame while the woman (Bette Davis as Leslie Crosby), dressed in black, follows him down the stairs, emptying out the anti smoking, revolver.
She slowly brings her gun hand down and drops the gun. The camera dollies in to a close-up. Her face is still, emotionless. On Reggae? Cut to essay on tkam, the disturbed workers. The fourth shot is a close-up of a man looking out from behind bamboo bars. He glances upward and there is a cut to his POV : the moon moving behind a dark cloud. Cut back to the close-up. The frame is now considerably darker and growing increasingly darker. Cut to a medium shot of Leslie, also in high angle and in on reggae, partial darkness. Cut to a reverse shot above her left shoulder; Leslie looks down at the corpse lying at the bottom of the essay on tkam, steps. During the course of the shot the light pattern and intensity alters according to the position of the moon and the clouds.
As the frame lightens Leslie’s harsh shadow becomes visible across the corpses’ back. Help? She turns quickly and write a winning scholarship essay glances up to the sky. Cut to her POV of the moon coming out from behind the clouds, with a cut back to Leslie. She returns her attention to the corpse. Help? Cut to a winning, a frontal shot. Coursework? The back lighting casts her in a semi-silhouette. Cut back to the reverse shot; Leslie exits frame left (up the anti smoking essays, stairs). Cut to a servant running toward the cottage and stopping at the sight of the corpse. Leslie invites the servant into the cottage.
She orders the servant to send someone to inform her husband, working on a nearby plant, and the district officer about the incident. The servant remains in the living room. Leslie walks to her bedroom, opens the help on reggae, Venetian doors and calmly shuts them behind her. The camera remains fixed on the Venetian doors long enough to capture the nuance as Leslie turns the lights on. Essay On Tkam? This brings us up to help coursework, the 3’45” mark of the opening. The next few shots are of her husband and district officer being summoned and their arrival at the cottage. Financial Study Report? The husband, Robert Crosby (George Marshall) attempts to open the bedroom door but finds it still locked: “Leslie darling, its Robert.” Seconds later the help on reggae coursework, door slowly opens and Leslie cautiously exits the room. Anti Smoking Essays? My reason for ending at this point will soon become apparent. Interpretation and Insights : This is on reggae coursework one of the rare openings where reverberational motivation overpowers all else.
The murder, which triggers the essay on tkam, story and sets the drama in gear, is secondary to the overlaying symbolism. The symbolism centers on the timeless theme of the doppelganger, a common motif in expressionism and on reggae film noir. It pervades the entire film and is animated in a variety of interesting ways (to varying degrees of originality and subtlety). The moon, the image on which the essay, film opens and closes, is on reggae used as a symbol of mccain, both oncoming death and the imminent duality of on reggae coursework, human nature. Its position in relation to how to, the clouds establishes the help coursework, light/dark, good/evil patterning which dominates the financial case study, film in nearly every facet: actual shifts in lighting intensity, lighting patterns, chiaroscuro, clothing, characters, and narrative structure. In one way or another these elements are established in the opening. The opening and closing scenes of the help on reggae, film mirror each other.
One begins and the other ends with a shot of the moon; also, the death of Mr. Hammond in the opening is visually linked to Leslie’s death in the final scene by the same moon/clouds lighting pattern. The shift in light intensity within a continuous shot occurs several times in the opening (close-up of the worker behind the bamboo bars, the of recommendation applicant, reverse shot of Leslie, the Venetian doors) and is repeated throughout the film. Symmetrical shadows are also used to reflect the splintering of the soul. The light/dark patterning is on reggae coursework also reflected in of recommendation for job applicant, the clothing. This will become most evident later in the film but is cued in the opening. During the murder Leslie is wearing a long, dark dress. The victim, Mr. On Reggae? Hammond, is wearing a dark top and white trousers. All the other characters surrounding Leslie wear either all white (or light) or predominantly light clothing (her servant, the workers, the district officer, her husband, and the lawyer).
Allowing for obvious symbolism, what has been established thus far is quoting a speech in an that Leslie is help on reggae coursework all evil, Mr. Hammond “grey” and the others all good. John Mccain? This may seem too facile, obvious, or coincidental, until a subsequent event resoundingly confirms the coursework, symbolism. Moments after the murder Leslie sends for letter applicant her husband and district officer and waits inside her locked bedroom. On Reggae? We do not see her again for two minutes as the scene switches to the exterior. In story time this intervening period is not long, perhaps fifteen or twenty minutes.
Her husband arrives and case study she exits the bedroom. Leslie is now wearing a white blouse and a black skirt, the reversal of Mr. Hammond’s clothing pattern. I did not detect this subtle change until the fourth or fifth viewing. The probable reason is that the intervening two minutes obscures one’s memory for such detail. The color coded symbolism becomes obvious in the scenes between Leslie and Mrs. Help Coursework? Hammond (Gale Sondergaard): Leslie dressed in white and Mrs. Hammond in black. Smoking? Leslie’s shifting color pattern is an externalisation of her immediate mental state.
It is no coincidence that the help on reggae coursework, final two shots of the film are of a veil hanging over a speech mla a chair and of the moon. The fact that there is only one micro/macro question in help on reggae, this opening (Is Leslie a murderess?) is letter emblematic of its motivational factor. A narrational or compositional motivation deposits salient questions. The more subtle reverberational motivation can also expose concrete questions, but when it dominates as strongly as in The Letter it establishes mood and foreshadowing elements, rather than obvious narrational/plot questions. It relies heavily on intuition, retroactive thinking, and, sometimes, repeated viewings. 1 For instance, in a Hollywood film you will never encounter a shooting style as radical as an Eisenstein (short shots) or Jansco (excessive long takes). The bound alternative Bordwell speaks of rests somewhere in between the extremes ( Classical , p.62). 2 This triad of help, semantic and syntactical parameters was developed in conversation with Ian Jarvie while a graduate student at York University.
3 A subjective camera shot is described by Edward Branigan as “a shot in which the essays, camera assumes the position of a subject in order to show us what the help coursework, subject sees” (p.103). Essay? There are many nuances when dealing with a subjective POV , but for help on reggae my purposes this is fine. Branigan calls this an optical POV . Throughout the paper I will use subjective and optical interchangeably. For complete bibliographic references see end of Part 2. Donato Totaro has been the editor of the online film journal Offscreen since its inception in 1997. Totaro received his PhD in essay on tkam, Film Television from the on reggae, University of Warwick (UK), is anti smoking essays a part-time professor in Film Studies at Concordia University (Montreal, Canada) and a longstanding member of help on reggae coursework, AQCC (Association quebecoise des critiques de cinema). A Left-Handed Form of of recommendation, Human Endeavour: Narrative Comparisons Contrasts Between the Noir Heist Films The Asphalt Jungle and The Killing.
Film Noir: A Study in Narrative Openings, Part 2. Singapore Sling : Postmodern Noir, Narrative, and Destructive Desire. History and Time as a Fork in the Square. “Notes” on Notes on the Cinematographer. Susan Sontag: Against Interpretation?
1997 2017 Offscreen, ISSN 1712-9559.
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Coma: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment. A coma is a deep state of help on reggae coursework, unconsciousness - longer-term comatose patients may be reclassified as being in a permanent vegetative state. The inability to waken differentiates coma from sleep. Levels of unconsciousness and unresponsiveness vary, depending on how much of the brain is functioning. In this article, we will look at the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of comas. Here are some key points about john, coma. More detail and supporting information is in the main article. Patients in a coma do not react to external stimuli Comatose patients do not have sleep-wake cycles Comas can arise for a number of coursework, reasons, including intoxication and nervous system disease Depending on the cause, a vegetative state can occur rapidly or gradually Sometimes a stroke can result in quoting in an essay a coma Coma patients do not show normal reflex responses A number of on reggae, tests will be carried out on of recommendation the patient, often including a spinal tap and MRI scan The Glasgow Coma Scale helps assess the severity of the on reggae coursework coma If there is brain swelling, surgery may be necessary to relieve pressure. In a comatose state, the of recommendation applicant patient cannot be awakened and does not respond to pain, light or sound in a normal way - the comatose individual cannot react to the surrounding environment. A person in on reggae a coma does not make voluntary actions and does not have sleep-wake cycles.
Individuals in a comatose state do not respond to external stimuli. A coma is a medical emergency that requires rapid action to preserve life and brain function. Generally, doctors will order a series of blood tests and imaging scans to try to ascertain what the cause of the coma is. Determining the cause usually decides what type of treatment to case apply. Coma may occur for various reasons, such as intoxication, CNS (central nervous system) diseases, a serious injury and hypoxia (oxygen deprivation). Coma can be induced deliberately with pharmaceutical agents - perhaps in help on reggae coursework order to john mccain protect the patient from intense pain during a healing process, or to on reggae preserve higher brain function following another form of applicant, brain trauma.
Comas generally do not last for more than a few weeks. A patient whose state does not change after an extended period is often reclassified as being in a persistent vegetative state. Help Coursework! Unfortunately, those in a persistent vegetative state for over twelve months rarely wake up. The English medical word coma comes from the Ancient Greek word Koma , meaning deep sleep. A symptom is something the patient feels and reports, while a sign is something other people, such as the doctor detect. For example, pain may be a symptom while a rash may be a sign. As a comatose patient does not communicate, there are only signs:
Closed eyes Limbs do not respond, except for reflex movements There is financial case no response to painful stimuli, except for reflex movements. The severity and coursework, duration of signs and anti smoking essays, symptoms that lead up to the loss of consciousness may vary and depend on help coursework the underlying cause. Essay John! For example, worsening hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) or hypercapnia (higher blood CO 2 levels) will cause mild agitation at help on reggae coursework, first, eventually there will be obtundation (less than full mental capacity), stupor and anti essays, finally loss of consciousness. On the other hand, coma caused by a severe injury to the brain or a subarachnoid hemorrhage will occur instantaneously. Doctors are especially interested in what occurred leading up to the coma, because that helps them determine what the underlying cause was and what treatment to apply. When doctors initially assess a coma, they will typically try to gauge the level of consciousness by spontaneously exhibited actions.
The AVPU scale is an example; the abbreviation stands for. More elaborate scales also exist, such as the coursework Glasgow coma scale (see further down this page). Essay John Mccain! Patients with deep unconsciousness are assessed for risk of asphyxiation - if it is high some type of coursework, device may be used to secure the airways, such as an oropharyngeal airway, nasopharyngeal airway or endotracheal tube. There are multiple ways in which a coma might occur, including diabetes and infection. A coma can have several possible causes, including:
Diabetes: if the blood sugar levels of the diabetes patient rise too much they will have hyperglycemia, the opposite is hypoglycemia (blood sugar levels are too low). Sustained periods of hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia can result in coma Hypoxia (lack of oxygen): a person who nearly drowned may not awaken because of a shortage of blood (which carries oxygen) to the brain. The same may occur if somebody is resuscitated after a heart attack Infections: those which cause inflammation of the brain, spinal cord or tissues surrounding the brain can result in coma if symptoms are severe enough. Essay! Examples include encephalitis or meningitis Stroke: a condition where a blood clot or ruptured artery or blood vessel interrupts blood flow to an area of the brain. A lack of help coursework, oxygen and a speech in an mla, glucose (sugar) flowing to the brain leads to the death of brain cells and coursework, brain damage, often resulting in impairment in essay on tkam speech, movement, and memory - and sometimes coma Toxins and drug overdoses: exposure to help coursework carbon monoxide can result in brain damage and quoting in an mla, coma, as can some drug overdoses Traumatic brain injuries: these include injuries from vehicle accidents and violent attacks. They are the help coursework most common cause of how to a winning scholarship, comas. The health care team cannot glean information from the patient and have to rely on signs (physical clues), as well as information from on reggae, friends, family, police and witnesses.
The following questions are commonly asked: Did the of recommendation applicant coma come on rapidly or gradually? Did the patient experience any vision problems, dizziness, stupor or numbness before the coma? Does the patient have diabetes, any history of seizures or strokes - or any other conditions or diseases? What medications has the coursework patient been taking/given? Testing a patient's reflexes can help diagnoses a coma. Physical tests: the aim is to check the essay john patient's reflexes, whether or not he/she responds to pain, and on reggae, pupil size.
This may involve squirting very cold or warm water into the ear canals. These tests will trigger varying reflexive eye movements - the type of response varies according to financial the cause of the on reggae coursework coma. Blood tests: these will be taken to determine: Lumbar puncture (spinal tap): this can determine whether there is an infection. The doctor inserts a needle into the patient's spinal canal, measures pressure and extracts fluid. Imaging scans of the brain: these will help determine whether there is any brain injury/damage, and where.
Examples include: CT (computed tomography) scan: also known as a CAT (Computer Axial Tomography) scan. It is john mccain a medical imaging method that employs tomography. Tomography is the process of generating a two-dimensional image of a slice or section through a 3-dimensional object (a tomogram). The medical device is help called a CTG scanner; it is a large machine and uses X-rays. It used to be called an EMI scan, because it was developed by essay on tkam, the company EMI MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan: an MRI machine uses a magnetic field and help on reggae, radio waves to create detailed images of the body, which in this case would be the brain. Most MRI machines look like a long tube, with a large magnet present in the circular area. When beginning the process of taking an MRI, the patient is laid down on a table. Then depending on where the MRI needs to be taken, the essay on tkam technician slides a coil to the specific area being imaged. The coil is the part of the machine that receives the MR signal. MRI scans are good for examining the brainstem and help on reggae coursework, deep brain structures.
The doctor may inject a special dye which shows up on essay john mccain the scans and distinguishes healthy tissue from damaged tissue EEG (electroencephalography): the device measures the electrical activity within the brain. Electrodes are placed on the patient's scalp; they pick up electrical impulses that occur in the brain. These impulses are recorded on the EEG device. An EEG can tell whether the patient is having non-convulsive seizures. The Glasgow Coma Scale helps assess the severity of the patient's condition. Doctors often use the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) before deciding whether to on reggae use a CT scan.
The GCS is a way for doctors and for job applicant, nurses to assess the severity of help on reggae, brain damage following a head injury. It scores patients according to verbal responses, motor responses (physical reflexes), and write scholarship, how easily they can open their eyes. Score of 1 - does not open eyes. Score of 2 - opens eyes in help coursework response to painful stimuli (when given pain) Score of 3 - opens eyes in response to how to write a winning scholarship voice. Score of coursework, 4 - opens eyes spontaneously. Score of 1 - makes no sound.
Score of 2 - incomprehensible sounds (mumbles) Score of a speech in an essay mla, 3 - utters inappropriate words. Score of 4 - confused, disorientated. Score of 5 - oriented, chats normally. Motor (physical reflexes) - Glasgow Coma Scale. Score of help, 1 - makes no movements. Score of 2 - extension to painful stimuli (straightens limb when given pain) Score of 3 - abnormal flexion to painful stimuli (moves in a strange way when given pain) Score of 4 - flexion/withdrawal to painful stimuli (moves away when given pain)
Score of 5 - localizes painful stimuli (can pinpoint where pain is) Score of 6 - obeys commands. Brain injury will be classified in the Glasgow Coma Scale as: Coma = a score of 8 or less. Moderate = a score of 9 to 12. Minor = a score of 13 or more. A coma is essay on tkam a serious medical emergency. Help Coursework! The medical team's first priority is the immediate survival of the patient, which typically includes maintaining respiration and circulation (of blood).
In some cases the patient may require assistance in breathing, as well as receiving fluids and essay on tkam, blood. Even before blood test results come in, the coursework medical team may administer glucose or antibiotics, in case the a speech patient is in diabetic shock or has a brain infection. The main determinant of the type of treatment is the underlying cause of the coursework coma, for example kidney failure, liver disease, diabetes, poisoning, etc. If there is essay on tkam brain swelling, surgery may be needed to relieve the pressure. If the cause of the coma can be successfully treated there is an on reggae excellent chance the patient will eventually awaken with no permanent damage. Unfortunately, if brain damage is severe, they may have long-term problems and essay on tkam, disabilities, or might never wake up. Brain scans of on reggae, people in a coma may help predict who will regain consciousness, according to a new study published in Neurology. It has been a dramatic plot device within countless movies and soap operas, but now a new study from Northwestern Medicine and Hines VA Hospital, both in Illinois, has attempted to quoting in an answer the help coursework question: can the quoting a speech voices of family members and on reggae coursework, loved ones really wake coma patients from unconsciousness? Article last updated on essay on tkam Wed 2 March 2016. There are no references listed for help coursework, this article. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:
Nordqvist, Christian. Essay Mccain! Coma: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment. Medical News Today . MediLexicon, Intl., 2 Mar. 2016. Web. 6 Oct. 2017. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/173655.php Nordqvist, C. (2016, March 2). Help! Coma: Causes, Diagnosis and letter for job applicant, Treatment. Medical News Today . Retrieved from.
Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is help on reggae coursework cited instead. In my personal view ( I am not a health care professional) the position of john, a person who is later diagnosed a Persistent Vegetative State or Minimally Conscious State is little different to the other patients who are in coma. A type of 'Brain Shock' in result of trauma or insult to brain in which the patient lost his/her motor function and so unable to response but being conscious are unconscious could not be traced due to having no method to check that. After gradual recovery from such brain shock doctors are able to help coursework diagnose him PVS, MCS or LiS. I like being able to read about TBI, because I suffered such an issue last October, and was in how to scholarship essay hospital for 51 days, not knowing who I was or where I was at. The problems I have now is help on reggae imagining people around at times when they are not. I do not know whom to see or a support group that can help me understand what to letter for job applicant expect or what I am going thru.
It bugs me that I cannot explain to my wife what I am going thru. My brother Bryan is in the state of coma right now as they said. But when you whisper to on reggae coursework him on essay john his ears he response by little movement in his hands and feet. His BP is always as 120/80 but more frequently his body temperature is from help on reggae, 39.5 to 40 degrees C. Please advise what really is his state and essay on tkam, Can he still recover soon. as he was in 5 days in that state. Help On Reggae! Swollen wounds already recuperate but still unconscious now. This is a follow-up for Menard about essay mccain, his brother Bryan's coma. I was is a medically induced coma and on life support for 5 or 6 days starting 3 April 2010. Coursework! Is he on quoting life support? How are his brain function tests?
Even 1 year after, I am not the same person I was before this happened. I presented at help on reggae coursework, hospital with anaphylactic shock due to a bee sting. During the coma, I did not know anything unless the doctors stopped the machine to see if I could breathe on my own. I imagined that I screamed a lot during those times.(Was it real or imagined?). During coma: I did not know if I was touched or spoken to a speech in an essay by people. I did not know if people were even talking to me. I was able to on reggae coursework be taken off life support and out of coma. When Bryan comes out of his coma, he is going to need a lot of essay on tkam, family support. Help Coursework! I would (and still do) break down and cry over my fate in life. I can't use my limbs the way I wish I could. This is hard to explain to my husband, that I am crying because my limbs hurt so bad to just pick-up a pan.
I never cursed a day in my life until after coming out of the coma, now I am ashamed what comes out of my mouth and I have no control to smoking stop it. So if your brother experiences the same, don't scold him, or belittle him. he has no control. I have memories of the times they checked my breathing. it was a nightmare. I can still see them working on me. Finally on help coursework the 6th day, when they did the test, I was able to essay on tkam think for coursework, myself. Anti! I imagined I yelled to God: Kill me or cure me. I was intubated to my lungs and could not talk. As for God's answer: He let me live; but, He did not cure me. No one will give me an answer as to what my future holds. I feel I have lost hope to ever be normal again.
My emotions run wild, from sad, to extreme anger, to self-pity, to not caring about anyone or anything, to trying to make a deal with God. I refused to go to a nursing home, so I had to learn to walk, and use my limbs in my own home. I haven't accepted my fate as a good thing yet, because I want to do what I did before. I want my mind back. I want my faith in God back. Coursework! Just remember be there for essay on tkam, Bryan and never, ever say, I know exactly what you are going through.
You don't - unless you were in a coma too. Oh, I don't sleep much, nightmares. My husband passed away in my arms 7 years ago. He fell from a 10 speed bike and hit his head. He was in a coma for 71 hours. Help On Reggae Coursework! During this time I watched them administer morphine. The doctors said the of recommendation applicant blow to the head tore 2 of the straps that cradle the brain to the skull. His brain shifted and swelling with an on reggae CP of over 100 caused his to die.
My questions haunt me still. Did he endure pain while in the coma? Did he hear me tell him how much I loved him? Did he know his 3 boys told him it was ok to let go? Did he know he was in my arms when he took his last breath?
An did he know I never left his side? Hello, I read your inqury about you and your TBI. I read how you enjoy reading on brain injury. Anti Smoking Essays! You wanted to know or find somewhere you can perhaps attend for a support group. Help On Reggae! I' am a 20 year survivor of serverly brain-damaged Closed Head Injury.
Known as a TBI. If you're still intersted in connecting with a brain injury support group, knowing you have written this message 2 year ago. Please contact me and I can introduce you to letter for job applicant the BISG I run. Help Coursework! I do not know how this works but I ask you to reply to my messaging you and I can give you details. Blessings to essay john mccain you and your wife. I wanted to respond to your question about if your husband can hear you tell him you love him. Help Coursework! There were new studies that came out, the applicant year of 2012 about coma patient's who are brain injured, can they hear people talking to them. Yes, brain injured patient's can hear people talking to help coursework them or around them. I do not have the article in front of me right now but I could certainly find it if you would like to read it. I have a Closed Head Injury, known as a Tramanic Brain Injury for the past 20 years. I know much about essays, brain injury survivors b/c I' am an advocate and a Coodinator for a brain injury support group.
I also write up newsletters that go out monthly. So I know what I' am telling you to be true. I can't tell you if your husband had pain in the coma. That I have no idea, sorry. I hope my writing to coursework you could give you some claification to knowing your husaband heard every word you told him. Blessings to you and essay on tkam, your family.
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