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Action research paper on classroom management

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api testing resume Get via App Store Read this post in our app! I was applying for action paper, QA position and italicize, the SDET asked me this question: How do you test a backend API? In the research paper, interview. I wasn't sure I answered it correctly. Just wondering if I can get some input from someone. How you approach testing an API depends on a lot of things.

Will the API be a public API that will be consumed by in essays some external people/systems, or is it a part of a larger product's infrastructure? API is paper, a general term that is source, sometimes used to describe anything from a COM interface, to a DLL or JAR you can reference, to a REST web service. Different approaches can be applied to research paper management testing these different things. Thesis On Satellite Communications? Often, if the API is part of your infrastructure you can test it pretty thoroughly through unit testing and research paper on classroom, the use of the product that consumes it. Literature Essays Writing? If it is an externally consumable API then you need to on classroom management be much more thorough because people could use it in different ways than you might expect and essays, send data in much different formats, etc. It also usually needs to make sense, be intuitive and be well documented if it is externally consumable. You would also need to action research paper be more cautious about what is private and public, which may not be as important for an API that is only used by a single product.

Testing an API nearly always requires you to create some sort of consumer for testing purposes. You have to be able to interact with the API. The consumer is usually very simple - or an existing tool - and night ex thesis, driven by automated test cases and not manual user interaction, although I have seen cases where people created a complex GUI app for testing purposes, and research on classroom, cases where the testing was still mostly manual through exercising that app. If the API has dependencies, you may choose to mock those dependencies out so you can more thoroughly test all of those interactions and hit all of the in essays, positive and research on classroom management, negative code paths. For instance, if the API interacts with a database and has the italicize plays, ability to create, modify and delete data you may want to action research management mock the interaction with the database to toni morrison more easily test cases such as deleting a record when it does not exist, or when it is the final record, or when it is unable to research be deleted because of dependencies or even when the plays in essays, connection to the database is unavailable - you can then see how your API would handle these situations. In general I think you should not expect a mocked front-end that's hooked up to the API calls for testing (however if you have one lucky you!). Instead, API functions are generally tested with unit and integration tests. You'll need visibility into the API function calls themselves, so the testing will be white-box or at least grey-box. You should be provided with a Specifications Document which should list the signatures of each API function (the input parameters, the function or method name, and research on classroom management, the return type). Then from the Spec Doc you'll write unit tests (in my case I prefer PHPUnit) to sanity check the input and returns for each API function, such as testing for boundary values and null inputs. Lastly, if the API is part of a service you'll also want to to integration testing.

These tests will be similar to summon end to action research management end tests for the service where you test entire features that include calls to the API functions. Source? You'll typically begin an integration test at action research paper, a customer entry point, and plays in essays, verify the return as valid if it's correct for the customer. Personally I prefer Behat Mink or Cucumber for paper, my feature tests. That's my high level overview of toni research how I would go about testing an API, hope that helps! Choosing the tool is not the only decision you need to make when testing an API. As for any testing task you need to decide: What aspects of the program are you testing? What application features do you want to cover with API testing?

Are you going to action research management verify some stateful scenarios (e.g. Essays Brutality? when user is logged in)? Or maybe you want to action research management verify how an API behaves for different configurations? What types of problems are you looking for? What part of application is most probable to fail? In what conditions? Are there functional or performance problem?

This should help you understand what are scenarios that are easier/faster/cheaper to test with API instead of using frontend. How will you tell whether a test passed or failed? How to evaluate whether a system behave correctly after you made a request to the API? Will you evaluate only literature, explicit API response (e.g. Paper Management? it confirms it has sent an email) or you want also to verify whether it actual did what it says (the email was actually sent your account)? Furthermore, how do you know what is an source essay expected result for research paper, a given API call? What tasks, specifically, will you do? Depending on the directions taken in the previous answers, you can think of exploratory testing, when you just explore API behaviour, hunt for some particular bugs, or define thorough test cases in advance?

Whether you perform the manually or you automate them? Whether you will perform some functional tests or rather performance or load testing? Who will do the testing ? Will you be the one who will test API, or maybe you will have some people who will write customer applications to test different parts of the of energy essay, API? How much do you know about API related technologies to automate the tests? The answer will help you to choose the right tools to test. Now you probably have too little information to make definitive decisions that could satisfy you, your interviewer and stakeholders in action on classroom management, a company. So, you could ask interviewer more questions about the nature of the backend API: Who or what is the consumer of the plays in essays, API?

Front-end tier being a part of research paper management SUT or an external client app? Maybe there is no frontend? Is this a public API or internal used only by a few people? The answer will tell you how thoroughly you should test the source essay, API? What scenarios have been covered in end-to-end test with frontend included and what scenarios have not been? What are the challenges when testing via frontend? The answers will guide you to the type of scenarios you should cover and those you should not. Action Research On Classroom? For instance, if invalid input validation functionality is implemented only on the backend side, this is one area to stress in API tests. What technology is english, used to expose an API? SOAP or REST Web service, RMI, CORBA, command-line, COM, etc. The answer will imply what kind of tool or programming language you should use to implement test cases.

Is there some formal specification for action research paper, API? Or you need to guess an expected behavior somehow, e.g., from specification for UI? Does the backend talks to other components in the system? To database? Does it contacts external services? There are a couple of areas that you will have to understand and provide focus in testing. Understand the plays, Purpose of the research, API that you are testing. What is it for? How is plays, this going to be used?

Answering these questions should provide you with test ideas related to your context. Here are Sample Test ideas based on my personal experience in testing: Input Data where is your data coming from? a database, another api, etc.? Data/Application Logic How is the action research paper management, Data Parsed? Is there a required schema or format so the data can be parsed? How is the parsed data stored? Does the data need further massaging for conventional source of energy essay, the output? Data Output What are the API endpoints? What are the value types for each endpoint (string, integer, etc.)? What determines the correctness of the action research paper management, value in each endpoint? What is the english, API protocol that's used? (REST, SOAP, etc.) Delivery Are there special rules regarding account access?

Are there usage limits? There are a bunch of research paper on classroom tools that you can use. English Essays? Various chrome and action research on classroom, firefox plugins will make your life easier when it comes to functional testing. SOAPUI is a pretty handy desktop client as well. Essays On Police? If you are handy with a programming language, Python, PHP and Ruby has really easy to use REST API libraries.

Mocking is also a way to minimize dependencies, but this can get out of hand if not used properly. I've always liked using mocky.io so I can start writing tests even before the developers are done with the code. Actually your question is good but the answer may be too descriptive as it is a generalized one. We are in the domain of Online Media. The part of backend API testing that we used to do includes : First of research all we understood the essays brutality, functionality of the system where the role of API comes in. Then we developed the action research paper, end-to-end tests using JS and those API which are working in night ex thesis, backend.

Once those tests are stable, we used Jenkins as a Continuous Integration to trigger those tests after a specific interval. Then we used to observe the results in paper on classroom management, the output of Jenkins test. If the tests is pass we are green to go, but if it failed then we used to investigate that and then a bug can be filed on that.

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nature essay prose I consider'd long and seriously of you before you. Walt Whitman, Crossing Brooklyn Ferry We live in a dying world of immeasurable beauty. Poetry and the environmental crisis intersect at action research paper on classroom management, a question: what's it like to literature writing abide with beauty that one is indirectly, unintentionally destroying? I surface. It's the research paper on classroom, end of the ex thesis, dusk dive. I inflate my buoyancy vest and, while waiting for the others to ascend, float on my back like an obese otter, off a small fishing village in East Timor called Adara. Blending in research, my ear avatar and morrison, adore, it's a namenoble, otherworldlythat I'd give to the daughter I'll never have. The ocean is calm. So many stars stud the moonless, cloudless sky that I have to action paper on classroom close my eyes.

I imagine I'm a radio-receiving dish, like the english literature writing, ones used by SETI to scan for extraterrestrial signals, and then hear an old meditation teacher in my mind say one word: receptivity. It affects me like the smell of action paper on classroom, a shirt just out of the dryerI relax, I pay attention. There's nothing to conventional essay do, no one to become, she reassures me, in the sometimes-useful platitudes of a mindfulness retreat. Floating here, I'm craving awe, self-forgetting; meanwhile I imagine table coral dissolving in the acidified oceans of 2065. Wonder if there's a box jellyfish beside me or new OkCupid messages in my inbox.

I calculate my debts, worry about my sick father, who recently had a tumor removed from his gut. Have I forgotten to turn off my dive torch? I'm stuck in negative incapability, First-World neuroses. This is not transcendental. Ego persists.

We have promises to keep. Like any other bearded, navel-gazing backpacker with an MFA, I've been reading the action research on classroom management, Transcendentalists this summer, sometimes just before gearing up and entering the water to dive. Plays In Essays? In the first section of Nature, Emerson writes, If the on classroom, stars should appear one night in conventional, a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God which had been shown. What if once a century the research paper management, moon, huge and golden on on police brutality the horizon, showed itself for research management an hour then disappeared? Things taken for granted, by definition, tend not to be experienced as beautifultrue beauty, the sort that makes us literally tremble, is always fleeting and therefore precious. Conventional Source? What follows naturally, unstoppably, is the impulse to praise and record that thing of beauty, which is decidedly not a joy forever. For Shakespeare's male beloved in the first 126 sonnets, time itself doth transfix the flourish set on youth / And delves the parallels in beauty's brow, / Feeds on the rarities of nature's truth. Shakespeare isn't the one gouging wrinkles into the Fair Youth's forehead.

Biological existence in action management, four dimensions means decay. But for our oceans, the main of light, its current degradation is not part of some inevitable aging process. It is anthropogenic, as the scientific euphemism goes. We cause a dead zonethe size of Connecticutnear the Mississippi Delta. We have destroyed half of the english literature, world's coral reefs in the past thirty years. Such a rapid decline in the oceans, along with the peculiar temporal and physiological constraints of scuba diving, has made coral reefs very special to action on classroom me. Each dive is brief: nitrogen builds up in conventional source of energy essay, the blood; the steel tank only holds so much air.

It's expensive. So too is civilization's current mode of existence expensive and paper, increasingly precarious. Plays? One afternoon in the waters off Madang, Papua New Guinea, an enormous swath of scroll coral, riddled with yellow-purple fairy basslets, astounded me, though the big fish that made these waters famous aren't here. Sulfuric acid from the nearby Basamuk Refinery, the worried locals told me, is slowly poisoning Astrolabe Bay. And any day fishermen might dynamite sections of the reef. They'd be looking to feed their communities, aspiring to the kind of action on classroom, high-consumption lifestyle that we enjoy in the developed world. Such a fishing method, common in the African and Asian tropics, ruptures the swim bladders of fish and leaves sections of slow-growing reef in ruins. Even at legally protected reefs in Indonesia, I have seen the dead fish, the ominous rubble. Also blown to bits are peacock-colored squidbejeweled with lapis and turquoise because of morrison research paper, a symbiotic relationship with bioluminescent bacteriaat the base of massive, centuries-old brain coral; wobbegong sharks, carpeted with tawny tassels and whiskers; olive sea snakes, with lungs instead of gills, peering into my mask then swimming up ninety feet to action research management breathe air; potato cod as big as my sofa; three hundred bigeye trevally drifting in on police brutality, a channel, silvery as mica, resolute as sentries; acres of staghorn coral that give way to seagrass, where a hawksbill turtle rests. At Osprey Reef off the Great Barrier Reef, one alcove of purple coral and red anemones had me trying to kneel, embarrassed, in action research paper, the sand to pray. There wasn't enough weight in my belt, and english literature essays, I began to action paper on classroom management float away, my palms unclasping.

These creatures, not just vivid language, were alive in my presence, and they face potential extinction before my generation begins to morrison research paper collect what will be left of Social Security. As Charlie Veron, the world's expert on coral, has said, There is no hope of reefs surviving to even midcentury in any form that we now recognize . as reefs fail so will other ecosystems. Research Management? This is the path of source, a mass extinction event, when most life, especially tropical marine life, goes extinct. It's all the more heartbreaking and morally vexing because we could prevent such a loss. This urgencyas well as the astonishing splendorhas led me for over twenty-five years to the earth's coral reefs. Action Research Paper? All the italicize, while I've been trying to write, even at eleven when I snorkeled the paper on classroom, urchin-infested jetties of Panama City Beach, Florida, less than a five-hour drive from my hometown. Thesis? As a poet breathing compressed air underwater, I've encountered natural beauty while believingknowingthat as the ocean this century continues to warm, rise, and research on classroom, acidify, reef ecosystems will largely crumble away. Thesis On Satellite? The Chinese build two new coal-fired powerplants a week. The United States won't sign the Kyoto Protocol. Action Research Paper On Classroom? My car emits per mile a half-pound of CO2; I wouldn't even want to calculate the hundreds of tons of carbon that my trips abroad have released.

About a third of the released carbon is absorbed into the oceans, creating more H+ ions in communications, naturally alkaline seawater and thereby increasing its acidity to levels not seen in 300 million years. Calcium carbonate, in the form of aragonite, becomes increasingly harder for zooplankton, coral, and mollusks to produce for their shells, and the food web begins to further unravel. Given this context, I'm increasingly turning away from a certain kind of paper, poetry that idealizes the natural world while photoshopping out any hint of italicize plays, our current crisis. Such poems may no longer be defensible. On Classroom Management? They might be Beauty, but they aren't also Truthare they perhaps pretty fabrications, ones with life-and-death consequences? Is the very core of them hollow because their speakers won't even begin to plays in essays turn inward to acknowledge the paper, trashing of a planet? For artists, I tend to think that representationally what was tenablepolitically, socioeconomically, environmentallybefore the globalized carbon economy of over seven billion people is no longer so. I don't mean remotely to suggest that the nature poetry of previous centuries is an italicize plays in essays imaginative failure or a distraction; but given our current situation, for poets writing today it cannot be business as usual. Action Research Management? Like the Norwegian doomsday seed vault on an Arctic island, such poems by the likes of summon night, Wordsworth, Longfellow, and action management, Shelley preserve an innocent ecopoetics to which we wish we could return. William Blake breathed air with only 290 parts per on satellite million of CO2. So did the on classroom management, British Empire's tigers.

The tetrameter lines of Blake's The Tyger conjure not only that animal stalking its prey but also the divine (or infernal) forge of its Creator: Tyger! Tyger! burning bright. In the forests of the night. What immortal hand or eye. Dare frame thy fearful symmetry? When Songs of Experience was published in conventional, 1794, tigers were common throughout Asia.

Today there are only 3,200 remaining [i]n the forests of the night, and it is very mortal hands and management, eyes, through land clearing and hunting, who are responsible for their decimation. We're the apex predator with fearful symmetry, and no immortal being, no avatar, is going come down to italicize in essays save that big cat species or ours from extinction. Though anachronistic, this very twenty-first-century and privileged (an Indian peasant deep in debt could earn a fortune from selling just one tiger paw) interpretation of Blake's poem is research one I can't help but makethe speaker, after all, addresses what's now a critically endangered animal while meditating on the problem of italicize plays, evil, a philosophical question not unrelated to the climate crisis. Like Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey or Cormac McCarthy's Blood Meridian , ultimately his poem is about the essential violence and chaos of life, whether that creature be terrorist or Venus fly trap, Tiger Mom or Bengal tiger. Did he who made the Lamb make thee?: if Homo sapiens were to ask itself that question in some collective bathroom mirrorafter having killed off baiji white dolphins, giant lemurs, and Steller's sea cows, after genocides by the likes of North American colonists, Pol Pot, Hitler, and Saddam Husseinit would have to be with more than a little irony. Might it be enough to praise, to simply let the experience of natural beauty deeply affect, perhaps even transform, poet and reader? A nature poet like Mary Olivera passionate observer of action paper on classroom, starfish, hermit crabs, and humpback whales, best-selling but not drawn to politicswould say yes. Or, now that we've recently hit 400 ppm of CO2, could the nature poems of 2014 and 2275 reflect not only beauty and rapture but also blame-worthiness and grief? The sort of poetry that I'm wanting to write praises nature while on some level mourning the passing of entire species and italicize in essays, ecosystems, not just individual creatures.

It need not be polemical, as Robinson Jeffers is when he declares, It is easy to know the beauty of inhuman things, sea, storm, and mountain . / Humanity has its lesser beauty, impure and painful; we have to harden our hearts to bear it. It need not be sentimental, like William Stafford's Traveling Through the Dark, in which the action paper on classroom management, speaker, who finds a dead deer, could hear the wilderness listen and thinks hard for us all. It might be much more subtle, as in Katie Ford's Colosseum: Somewhere unseen / the ocean deepened then and now / into more ocean . / the bony fish obscuring / its bottommost floor, carcasses of mollusks / settling, casting one last blur of sand, / unable to close again. Or marked by italicize plays in essays, revelatory bathos, as in D. A. Powell's chronic: in a protracted stillness, I saw that heron I didn't wish to disturb / was clearly a white sack caught in the redbud's limbs / / I did not comprehend desire as a deadly force until / daylight don't leave me now. Or it might speak from an imaginary though quite plausible future when Manta birostris is extinctmonths after seeing manta rays for the first time in the cool waters of action paper, Komodo National Park, hearing a late middle-aged version of brutality, myself speaking to his beloved, I wrote: remember the manta winging into the tide? slashes of gills pulsing on underbelly. head fins reaching out paper on classroom past. its open mouth nothing to prove. Three or four of these huge cartilaginous fish, ten feet from wingtip to wingtip, hovered in swift currents to feed, slightly flapping their wings to remain in place. They seemed to me the embodiment of effortlessness and surrender and resolve, qualities that can lessen the fearful ambivalence I've always felt in romantic love. Thesis Communications? Indeed, addressing a lover whose love is research on classroom management terrifying in its purity and intensity, the speaker in my poem ends up identifying with the manta ray, asking this fear of love's drift-net / will it ever die down?

Literal drift netsas well as other irresponsible fishing practicescause large but unknown numbers of manta deaths per year, in english essays, addition to action paper on classroom the senseless targeted hunting of them for plays in essays traditional Chinese medicine: the rakers inside the slashes of gills pulsing are bogusly peddled as an immune booster and cancer cure. What I know first-hand: that morning, in the protected waters between Gili Lawa Laut and Gili Lawa, while I held on to a slimy rock, I watched an animal fed. Such an ordinary act on this planet. Yet it wasthis is a word we'd like to utter in this century and actually mean itmajestic. Unlike, say, watching my now-deceased greyhound Cupid eat ground venison from research paper management a bowl.

The sadness in his eyes never ceased. Though I suspected he was mistreated on essays on police brutality the racetrack, I never imagined his slaughter or the extinction of his breed. I didn't see him as a symbol for the man I wanted to management become. Even so, that dog and that manta's atoms were together with ours in the infinitely dense Big Bang singularity. We were together and then we weren't. This summer I had an literature writing even more extraordinary encounter in West Papua's Dampier Strait, at a dive site called Manta Sandy. The eight of us kneeled side-by-side in the sand at fifty feet, forming a wall of bubbles, and waited. On Classroom Management? Garden eels shyly poked their heads out of their holes and fed on drifting planktonbut I had seen them many, many times before. Goatfish flicked their forked whiskers into the sand looking for buried invertebratesI might as well have been watching a squirrel nosing around for acorns in plays in essays, a park. I tried to get interested in a tiny pipefish, dusky-colored with faded white bands, that darted its concerned seahorse eyes around as I peered into research management them, the equivalent of italicize in essays, King Kong looking into research paper on classroom management a skyscraper windowbut my regulator was irritating my gums; my right foot was cramping. Italicize Plays? Kneeling there for on classroom management twenty minutes, I was beginning to think the dive was hopeless.

Then one manta, and then another, appeared in the distance and glided towards us, swooping above a huge coral head like a pelican passing at an angle over a navigational buoy. Butterflyfish, damsels, and wrasses rushed up to the mantas' white undersides, speckled with black markings, to eat the parasites there. The two rays were here not to feed but to be cleaned, and perhaps to summon night communicatein fact, these creatures have the research on classroom management, highest brain/body ratio of any fish, and preliminary experiments suggest a capacity to recognize themselves in mirrors. Before moving on to another huge coral head, they somersaulted beside one another, soaring. At a certain point while transfixed on the ocean floor, I began to spontaneously recite fragments of Gerard Manley Hopkins' The WindhoverI caught this morning morning's minion . dapple-dawn-drawn Falcon . the rolling level underneath him steady airand underneath my three-millimeter wetsuit my limbs were gooseflesh. Plays In Essays? As was my scalp. Action Research Management? Hopkins, far too skittish and frail to have been anyone's dive buddy, would have called this instress: the morrison, expression of the action paper on classroom, manta's unique divine DNA, its cosmic distinctiveness, its inscape. Source Of Energy? I called it inspiration, though I didn't know where it would take me.

Then I remembered an article that I had read online about Indonesia's Tanjung Luar market, notorious for selling spinner dolphinshauled in on poles like pigs about to be roastedas shark bait. Amid the action research on classroom management, text at one point was a photograph of several dead manta rays laid out on the concrete floor. Each one's huge triangular wings had been sliced off and placed beside the summon night ex thesis, main body. . So neatly laid out and carved up were the mantas that they resembled a squadron of paper management, charcoal-gray stealth bombers seen from above in a vast assembly plant, wings beside fuselages. After the gills are removed, some of the remaining cartilage is sold as cheap filler for shark-fin soup in Asia. As Hopkins writes in his journal about an ash tree cut down in his garden, I heard the sound and thesis communications, looking out and seeing it maimed there came at action research on classroom, that moment a great pang and essays on police, I wished to die and not see the inscapes of the research management, world destroyed any more. Italicize In Essays? As I watched the action on classroom management, mantas soaring in the dapple-dawn-drawn water at 7:30 a.m., I could hearin the conventional source of energy essay, recesses of my minda ray slapping its fins on a fiberglass deck, a club bashing the action research on classroom management, brain and head fins, then a machete slicing off its wings. And I felt a sensation similar to when I was nine and a baseball hit my thumb as I swung a bat. Italicize Plays In Essays? An uncanny wave of pain and sadness and fear, my own great pang, ran down the Lycra length of me.

I could feel it down to my flipper-encased feet. In that moment, why didn't I wish to die? My hybrid is white and dirty. Action Research On Classroom Management? It's parked on the street near my apartment, in an area so liberal that showing up at the checkout line without cloth bags could result in sneers or worse. The car will sit there all weekendI feel too guilty to drive. With every mile driven, a half-pound of trigonal, covalently-bonded molecules is toni morrison spewed out, infinitesimally nudging up the average global temperature with an unknown time lag. By how many nanoseconds does each mile accelerate the management, melting of Kilimanjaro's glaciers, the inundation of italicize plays, Battery Park and Tuvalu and the Niger Delta, the acidification of the Coral Sea so that the Great Barrier Reef is just a memory?

But when I commute to and from Palo Alto on a dangerously narrow freeway, my Honda gets close to fifty miles per gallon, which at paper, first made me feel good. I bought it used from a grouchy Jamaican salesman, and my partner at the time did his best to be happy for me, even though he was a devoted biker who for of energy ethical reasons vowed never to own a car. I did my best to action on classroom make my purchase seem sweeter, less threatening: I draped a juniper rosary, which Navajos hang from cribs to protect infants from nightmares, around the night, rearview mirror; on long car trips Fleet Foxes and Andrew Bird played on the stereo when I'd rather have listened to Dolly Parton; and, trying to associate it with cuddly, sweet pastoralism and on classroom management, rebirth instead of an apocalypse, I christened the car Lambcake, after the traditional sheep-shaped Easter cakes, a name that made us both giggle. For him and for me, it looked as if I had successfully rebranded the italicize in essays, $17,000 arrangement of metal, which annually lets out nine concert grand pianos' worth of CO2, as cute, innocent. But then at a birthday party in downtown Oakland I referred to Lambcake as our car in front of paper on classroom, a mutual acquaintance.

That's not ours, he told this person sternly, his voice quavering uncharacteristically, it's his . We were living together at the time and drove Lambcake to run errands or to go up into the Oakland Hills for hiking. Conventional Source Of Energy? I'd pick him up from spots to where he had biked, and after he'd put his two-wheeled vehicle into Lambcake's hatchback trunk, we'd speed off together. Action Research On Classroom Management? He offered to pay, based on his use, for part of my car insurance and gas. So his correction of my pronoun choice took me aback, and I took it personally. Summon Ex Thesis? But in research on classroom management, retrospect, his reaction wasn't an conventional source essay attack on our relationship or meit was a political and paper, moral reflex with which many of my generation, who instinctively understand that we're on a dying world, can empathize. Oftenalmost alwayscivilization is in denial that in order to live in this world today, we must burn carbon. Of course my partner was embarrassed to be named publicly as an plays accomplice to climate changea name that is, to put it politely, an understatement.

Given that our species is responsible for what should instead be called catastrophic planetary warming, melting, and flooding, how can I blame his defensiveness? Even if we only walk, we're all accomplices. As Scott Russell Sanders remarks about the environmental crisis in Near and Distant Bears: We will not have thousands of generations to work out solutions; we must do so within the lifetime of a child born today . we will need to re-imagine our place in nature, our responsibilities as members of communities, and the meaning of a good lifewhich is to say, we will require a shift in consciousness as radical as any mutation in our evolutionary history. That shift, that mutation, has to be as momentous as humanity learning to make fire or developing spoken language. It would have to involve a hyper-expansion of our capacity for empathy, not just with loved ones or the animals at management, the local pet shelter or strangers across a table, but across continents and centuries.

With a communal mind's eye of stereoscopic vision, we would need to research imagine the suffering of the paper on classroom management, voiceless, the powerless, the unborn: those much less insulated, because of wealth, privilege, or circumstance, from the effects of an italicize plays in essays overheating, flooding planet. Perhaps it could be said that our civilization is an imaginative failure: it hasn't conceived yet in an eidetic and therefore transformative way the consequences of action research on classroom management, its actions and inactions. For instance, what will daily life be like for the tens of millions of Bangladeshi refugees after rising sea levels flood a good part of their nation? If world leaders could imagine, in a blindingly vivid and embodied way, the night ex thesis, felt sense of even a moment as such a refugee, would global environmental policy change? Can sevenor eight or tenbillion human brains undertake such a communal imaginative act and then act decisively to drastically reduce carbon emissions and quickly develop and implement carbon sequestration technology? Are those billions of beings willing to make the necessary economic and social sacrifices along the way? As a speciesnot just as poets and action research on classroom management, readers, or as Americans and Chinesewe must be able manifest the visionary spirit of Whitman in Crossing Brooklyn Ferry, who says, What is the summon, count of the action research on classroom management, scores or hundreds of years between us? // And you that shall cross from in essays shore to shore years hence, are more to research paper management me, and plays in essays, more in my meditations, than you might suppose. Action Management? The you here could be a redwood tree in 2108 that is drying out because fog appears too infrequently along the California coast; or an night eight-year-old boy in 2279 whose mother tells him the last wild orca has starved, and he begins to write a poem. The evolutionary quantum leap that must come soon this century would allow us to make choices with the research on classroom management, entire biosphere in mind, present and future, resensitizing ourselves to ecological pain and human suffering so that they are no longer abstractions. What kind of songs will the nature poems of the 23rd century be?

And could we bear to hear them? Human nature itself has to essays change. Compassionate choices that delay gratification need to research paper provide more of a dopamine hit than compulsive, convenient consumption and pleasure-seeking. In Essays? It is as if the paper on classroom, monolith itself from 2001: A Space Odyssey needs to descend to the earthnot to give apes the thesis on satellite communications, ability to use tools and wage war, but to give us a new human nature, one that inclines to take the long-view, that shares rather than hoards, lets go instead of research paper on classroom management, holds on; that works to care for its unborn great-great-great grandchildren as lovingly as it does its living children. Compared to the latter outlook, my approach to life is positively Neanderthal, analogous to asking a toddler to solve a differential equation. Often I've wished, in vain, to be transformed, transfigured, as a brain, body, and soul. Individual species-wide transformationthere is no app for that.

There are miles to italicize plays in essays go before we sleep. Still floating on my back off Adara, I open my eyes to action paper on classroom management constellations I don't recognize, a quartz macadam stretch of Milky Way my eyes have never traveled. It is an alien sky. English Literature Writing? It is research paper a new sky, magnificent. Communications? I take it in, trying not to compulsively connect these pinpricks of light into new monsters and heroes. On clear Friday nights in action paper, northeast Florida when I felt alone and source, shameful, when my parents were arguing in on classroom, the garaged car, the literature essays writing, Southern Hemisphere's stars never comforted me. Instead it was the action research paper on classroom management, Queen's empty throne and the blue-tinged white star in one corner of the Lyre.

The Orion Nebula's wisps glowed through my mail-order telescope. As I grew older, though, I stopped seeing them. They became celestial television snow. Light pollution increased. Wonder was an idea, not an experience. Now I stir the lagoon's water around me, and toni research paper, my dive buddy surfaces. Bioluminescent plankton, greenish-blue star systems and galaxies, flicker on and off, swirl. I exhale. I cough. It is research on classroom management truly night. We return to essays shore.

Greg Wrenn's first book of poems, Centaur , was awarded the 2013 Brittingham Prize. His work has appeared or is forthcoming in New England Review, The Southern Review, The Yale Review , and elsewhere. A former Wallace Stegner Fellow and a recipient of the Lyric Poetry Award from the Poetry Society of America, he was born and raised in Jacksonville, Florida, and received a BA from Harvard University and an MFA from action management Washington University in morrison paper, St. Louis. www.gregwrenn.com. Copyright © 2014 by Greg Wrenn.

All rights reserved. Reproduced by Poetry Daily with permission. For previous PD Prose Features, visit our Prose Archive.

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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. Action Management! VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Need a great argument topic? Below I give over source 100 ideas. You'll write faster and management, easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about can make research faster and easier. Interest: Picking a question you want to know more about can make this paper more interesting. Available Sources: I give links to many sources. Check those for articles first and if you find some, your work is half done. I also save you time by giving you links to videos and sample student essays. Check out toni morrison my guides for writing papers too.

Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and action paper on classroom, tell me! 1. Toni Research! Instructions for how to (and how not to) pick a topic. Action Management! 2. Lists of topic ideas (in the categories of food and health, obesity and dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and science and technology, with videos and many links to research and student essay examples. 3. Step-by-step instructions for how to write your essay. Choosing a topic that everyone is talking about italicize plays, makes writing an argument essay easier.

Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on. Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir. It also helps if the topic is something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to get examples to back up your essay, either from articles or from people you interview. Finally, you probably want to pick a topic that is action paper management, interesting to you and that you care about. Steer clear of overused topics like abortion, gun control, and italicize, the death penalty. For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of these essays and is not only probably bored with the topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in their ways about these issues and it is hard to think of an argument that might change their minds. Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of cutting down forests outweigh the environmental damage? What is Love?

What kind of love leads to a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to research, raise his children full-time? What causes a man to become a stay-at-home dad and can it work out well for a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the conventional essay hunger faced by people around the world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? What can be done to action paper on classroom, help children maintain a healthy weight?

How can people lose weight and keep it off? Is weight gain caused by genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way? What is the relationship between food, exercise, and weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and other calorie-counting diets often considered the best by conventional source doctors?

Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for a young adult? Can vegetarian diets be healthy? Why are so many people now choosing to go on gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for action research paper you? Does restricting the size of essay soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and other bad snacks?

What can schools do to research paper on classroom management, promote better health in toni morrison research paper students? Does intermittent fasting really help you to be more fit? How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely? Is the T.V. show The Biggest Loser helpful in motivating people to action research management, be healthy? Does the show create negative or positive feelings about morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the contestants? What causes anorexia? How can it be prevented? How can you help an literature essays writing anorexic friend? Why are more young men becoming anorexic? What is morbid obesity?

How does morbid obesity affect a person's health? What should we do about the cost of healthcare for overweight people? Should there be a greater insurance premium for people who are obese? Is surgery a good method for people to lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for dieting? Is fat really bad for you? Is a low fat diet the research best? Research Articles on Obesity and Dieting. Here are some professional articles and websites that can help you start. Many of ex thesis these articles contain links to action research paper on classroom, other sources also. Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by Rena R. Wing and Suzanne Phelan, in American Society for in essays Clinical Nutrition (2005).

The National Weight Control Registry. An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of weight and kept it off for long periods of time. Overweight and Obesity. Research Paper Management! U.S. Conventional Of Energy Essay! government reports from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diet Topic Articles from Psychology Today . What can we do to help people around the world have clean water to drink?

Is hunting good or bad for research paper on classroom the environment? Should the source horns of wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached? Can we protect wild areas and action research on classroom, animals by promoting eco-tourism? Should the conventional government discourage or regulate oil drilling in paper on classroom the gulf of Mexico? What are the night ex thesis dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference? Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and cans in order to promote recycling? Should schools require students to bring refillable containers for water and action research paper, other beverages rather than disposable ones? Should supermarkets charge for plastic bags in communications order to encourage the use of reusable bags? Should your city (or campus) do more to encourage recycling?

What causes people to litter? What could motivate people to clean up after themselves? What causes earthquakes? What can we do to reduce death or damage from earthquakes? Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the environment?

Can using LED lights make a difference? How can composting help save the paper on classroom environment? What is conventional source of energy essay, hazardous household waste and why is action on classroom management, it important not to literature essays writing, throw it in research paper the regular trash? What is deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking? Is fracking worth the risks? Does fracking hurt drinking water? What is a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint?

What are the dangers for people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution? Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the in essays best way to handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and action research on classroom management, other alternative energy sources effectively? What is the thesis on satellite communications best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations? Incentives? Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?)

The World Bank on Environment: Information and research about environmental issues around the action research world. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: On the science and technology page, find research and information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems. Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for your topic. Morrison Research! U.S. Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and information. Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work? How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from?

Are teenage marriages a good idea? Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of the friend zone? How can you know you are in an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in abusive relationships? What are the effects of domestic violence on children?

Who should do the chores in a family? What are helicopter parents and how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to paper on classroom, be an only child? Is doing sports together a good thing for families? How have video games impacted family life? Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing?

How important are grandparents to communications, children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for children? How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents? Have cell phones and action paper on classroom, social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship? How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage? Are the expectations raised by romantic movies damaging to real relationships?

Are Beauty Pageants Good for essays Kids? What is nanotechnology and how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in developing new types of research paper on classroom computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Do cell phones cause a cancer risk? What should the laws be concerning the use of conventional source of energy essay cell phones while driving? Have social media and texting hurt or improved the lives of teenagers?

Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to act out violently? Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and paper? Will paper and research, books become obsolete? What is the difference between reading on ex thesis a screen and research paper, reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to avoid identity and credit card theft?

Should parents be able to italicize plays in essays, choose the genetics of on classroom management their children? Are smart watches going to replace cell phones? What is the next big leap in summon ex thesis technology? Which is action paper on classroom, better, the PC or the summon night Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and quality of life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and new technology news and research reports.

MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for explaining new technologies. If you want to research on classroom, write a quick and conventional, easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the action research management lists above. Decide your answer to the question (this is your beginning thesis). Write down everything you know about the topic. Talk to conventional source of energy, your friends or family to find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the action research topic (have them give you the source if they know it).

Look at some of the italicize research articles or web sites about that topic. Look back at your question and refine your answer. After gathering information, you may want to change it. Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for action on classroom management the body of your essay). Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for thesis some evidence to support those reasons (this is the research paper management backup evidence for night ex thesis each topic sentence). Write your outline, then follow it to write your paper.

Do you have to do research for your paper? 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. 100 Great Psychology Research Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 2. by Virginia Kearney 16. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 123.

How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21. This is a great resource. Paper! I've just entered into college, and didn't know where to begin writing my first argumentative essay. Literature Essays! Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to do with the argumentative essay of should smoking be banned because I have to do essays with research and I need some reliable sites. Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from United States. Hi Aashi!

I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too. Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in action on classroom your grade for several years. I will have to put together some topics for primary grade students. Until then, you might want to look at toni morrison research paper my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for your age too. Action Paper On Classroom! I am in primary school in grade 6 and I want some good topics for thesis communications primary students. Good job making this page. I don't know what to do at first. Action Research On Classroom Management! I was clueless and was browsing for answers but none of ex thesis them made sense except for this. Paper On Classroom! Thank you very much! I think the ideas are wonderful and are very helpful!

I am a Junior in high school and I have to thesis on satellite communications, write an argumentative paper. Action Paper Management! Your insight on how to do so has been extremely helpful. I wanted to summon night ex thesis, thank you for your intelligence on how to write an argumentative paper. Thanks! This website was very useful for picking out a topic for my essay. On Classroom! Again, thank you for plays in essays helping me out! King of Stuff 8 months ago. I find this website very interesting and helpful. Thank you for making it! Your tips on writing essays is really helping me out.

Mr. fluffypants 8 months ago. Action Research Paper Management! I love this article. Toni Paper! You have helped me with my school essay. Thank you! letter pile 8 months ago. I LOVE this website. Action Research Paper On Classroom Management! Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Nataly! You are welcome to shift the night ex thesis focus of the questions to whether governments should take action.

My questions and topic ideas are just a starting point. Paper On Classroom Management! I teach my students that there are a variety of ways to solve problems and one of those is by ex thesis having governments or larger groups take action. However, I want my students to focus more on how they and their audience can personally take responsibility and paper on classroom management, action, so often my questions are more locally written. In my class, I focus on having my students address a very particular audience in their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from on satellite really thinking carefully about the viewpoint of the other person and developing points that would persuade that person. In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the student is using other sources as well. However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source. Research On Classroom Management! Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to see if there is an online paper you can cite as well. I find your lists great and really appreciate the idea of providing useful links. Still, I would rather shift the conventional essay focus of some questions so that they ask students to think more globally, from the point of research on classroom view of the state and the society. For example, should the state take actions to prevent high rate of divorces, which ones?

Are people in developed states responsible for providing water and food to the starving people around the conventional source of energy globe?, etc. I also wanted to action research on classroom management, ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources. On Satellite Communications! Have you ever heard of any cases when professors forbid to action paper on classroom, use it? Thank you for a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago.

This helped me so much with my homework, thank you! Great Efforts . Well done. Toni Morrison Research! should guns be allowed on school campus. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from action on classroom United States. This is an interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to hear how you would develop your thesis. preetyradd 14 months ago. i think this is cool i got a good grade on toni research paper my essay thanks. Action Paper On Classroom! Kanwal asif 14 months ago.

Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from United States. Glad this will help you three keys! ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia. Im about to try out your suggestions in this great article. Im excited to morrison research, see what the outcome will be in how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in a written debate so to speak. Thanks so much! Thank you it is really helpful. Thank you so much for the topics. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from Rensselaer, New York. Love the research paper on classroom management great ideas! Absolutely love the list you shared with us.

Thank you so much for this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Night! Sometimes i find that the most easy or obvious topic the hardest to argue about. The less the paper on classroom management words the greater the headache. When we prepare for debates, each word has the ex thesis ability to make or break the case. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia.

What an paper management interesting range of ideas and tips! Massive thanks for writing this, pal! Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales. A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and I vote up. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is very useful to those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them).

I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from essays brutality Illinois. Wow! This is action paper on classroom, a very impressive list and in essays, great instructions. Action Research On Classroom! I like how you were able to write the questions without giving away your position on conventional source of energy essay each topic. - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. Very interesting. Fun ideas and action paper management, great food for thought. Brutality! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and action paper management, respective owners. Essays On Police! Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.

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Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters lay and finish carpet, wood, vinyl, and tile. Installing flooring, tile, and marble is physically demanding, with workers spending much of their time reaching, bending, and kneeling. Those in commercial settings may work evenings and weekends. How to Become a Flooring Installer or Tile and Marble Setter. Although some flooring installers and tile and marble setters learn their trade through an apprenticeship, most learn on the job, sometimes starting as a helper. The median annual wage for flooring installers and tile and research paper management, marble setters was $39,150 in May 2016. Employment of flooring installers and toni morrison research, tile and marble setters is projected to grow 5 percent from 2014 to 2024, about as fast as the average for all occupations. The replacement of older floors, coupled with population and business growth, will drive demand for more workers.

Overall job prospects should be best for workers who can install a wide variety of floors. Explore resources for employment and wages by paper on classroom state and area for flooring installers and tile and marble setters. Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of flooring installers and tile and marble setters with similar occupations. More Information, Including Links to O*NET. Learn more about flooring installers and tile and marble setters by italicize plays in essays visiting additional resources, including O*NET, a source on key characteristics of workers and occupations. What Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters Do About this section. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters lay and finish carpet, wood, vinyl, and tile. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters typically do the paper management following:

Remove existing flooring or wall covering Clean and level the surface to be covered Measure the area and cut flooring material to fit Arrange flooring according to design plans Place flooring, using adhesives, nails, or staples Fill joints with filler compound and remove excess compound Trim excess carpet or linoleum Apply necessary finishes, such as sealants and stains. Nearly every building has a finished floor, and flooring installers and tile and marble setters lay the materials that improve the look and feel of homes, offices, restaurants, and other buildings. Although most of the materials installed by literature essays these workers cover only floors, some materials are also installed on walls and countertops or in showers. A smooth, even base of mortar or plywood is required in action on classroom management order for floors and essays, tile to be installed. The base may be installed by flooring installers and tile and marble setters or by other construction craftworkers. Action Research. When remodeling, workers may need to remove the old flooring and smooth the essays surface. Carpet installers lay lengths of carpet on new floors or over older flooring. They use special tools, including “knee kickers,” to position the carpet and power stretchers to pull the carpet snugly against walls. Carpet seams are joined with special heat-activated tape.

Carpet tile installers lay small, modular pieces of carpet that may be glued into place. Carpet tiles allow for easy replacement and design patterns that are not possible with standard carpet. Floor sanders and finishers perform the final steps in research paper on classroom hardwood floor installation. After carpenters install the hardwood floor, workers use power sanders to smooth it. They apply stains and italicize, sealants to preserve the wood. Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles, install a wide variety of resilient flooring materials. Linoleum installers lay the hard, washable floor material of the same name. The linoleum is cut to size and glued into place. Vinyl installers install plastic-based flooring that includes vinyl ester, vinyl sheeting, and action paper on classroom management, luxury vinyl tile. Installers of laminate, manufactured wood, and wood tile floors are included in this category. Tile and marble setters install ceramic and marble tile.

Tile installers , sometimes called tile setters, cut and place tile. To cut tiles, workers use wet saws, tile scribes, or handheld tile cutters to on satellite create even edges. They use trowels of different sizes to spread mortar or a sticky paste, called mastic, evenly on the surface to action research paper management be tiled. To minimize imperfections and keep rows even, they put spacers between tiles. Spacers keep tiles the same distance from ex thesis each other until the mortar is dry. Tile finishers apply grout between tiles after the tiles are set, using a rubber trowel which is called a float. When the grout dries, they must wipe the tiles for a clean, finished look.

Marble setters cut marble to a specified size with a wet saw. Action Management. After fastening the stone, marble setters polish the literature essays marble to a high luster, using hand or power sanders. Work Environment About this section. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters held about 125,400 jobs in 2014. Approximately 41 percent of them were employed in action paper management the building finishing contractors industry, and about 4 in 10 were self-employed in 2014.

Employment in the detailed occupations that make up this group in 2014 was distributed as follows: Flooring and tile are usually installed after most of the construction has been completed, so the work area is typically clean and uncluttered, although some materials and night ex thesis, tasks may be messy. Installing flooring, tile, and action research paper, marble is physically demanding, with workers spending much of their time reaching, bending, and kneeling. As a result, workers typically wear kneepads for english writing, protection. Workers also wear safety goggles when using grinders, saws, and sanders.

In enclosed areas with poor access to ventilation, workers often use dust masks or respirator systems to prevent the inhalation of dust. Dust is action on classroom management generated from cutting tiles and from sanding adhesives and mortars. Most flooring installers and tile and night ex thesis, marble setters work full time. In commercial settings, installers may work evenings and weekends, often for higher wages, to avoid disturbing regular business operations. About 4 in 10 flooring installers and tile and marble setters were self-employed in research on classroom management 2014. Italicize In Essays. Self-employed workers may have the ability to set their own schedules. How to Become a Flooring Installer or Tile and Marble Setter About this section. Although some flooring installers and tile and marble setters learn their trade through an paper on classroom management, apprenticeship, most learn on the job, sometimes starting as a helper. There are no specific education requirements for essays brutality, someone to become a flooring installer or tile and marble setter. A high school diploma or equivalent is preferred for those entering an apprenticeship program.

High school art, math, and vocational courses are considered helpful for flooring installers and tile and marble setters. Most contractors have their own training programs for flooring installers and tile and marble setters. New workers typically learn by research paper on classroom management working with experienced installers. Although workers may enter training directly, many start out as helpers . New workers usually start by performing simple tasks, such as moving materials. Summon Night Ex Thesis. As they gain experience, they are given more complex tasks, such as cutting carpet.

Some tile installer helpers become tile finishers before becoming tile installers. Some flooring installers and tile and marble setters learn their trade through a 2- to 4-year apprenticeship. For each year of the action research paper on classroom management program, apprentices must complete at least 144 hours of related technical training and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. Some of brutality these programs now include online training. Many new workers begin with 12 weeks of preapprenticeship instruction at a training center to learn construction basics.

This instruction may include mathematics, building code requirements, safety and first-aid practices, and blueprint reading. Several groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs. The basic qualifications for entering an management, apprenticeship program are as follows: Minimum age of on satellite communications 18 High school education or equivalent Physically able to perform the work. After completing an apprenticeship program, flooring installers and tile and marble setters are considered to be journey workers and action research on classroom management, may perform duties on their own. Some flooring manufacturers offer product-specific training for their products.

In addition, some installers attend conferences that offer training sessions in conventional of energy various flooring materials. The Ceramic Tile Education Foundation (CTEF) offers the Certified Tile Installer (CTI) certification for research on classroom management, workers with 2 or more years of experience. Applicants are required to complete a written test and conventional source, a hands-on performance evaluation. Several groups, including the Ceramic Tile Education Foundation, the action research paper on classroom International Masonry Institute (IMI), the International Union of Bricklayers Allied Craftworkers (IUBAC), the National Tile Contractors Association (NTCA), the Tile Contractors’ Association of America (TCAA), and the Tile Council of North America (TCNA) have created the Advanced Certifications for Tile Installers (ACT) program. Certification requirements include passing both an exam and on police, a field test. Workers must also have either completed a qualified apprenticeship program or earned the CTI certification to qualify for testing.

The program offers certifications in five specific areas of tile installation: Large-format tile and substrate preparation Membranes Mortar (mud) floors Mortar (mud) walls Shower receptors. The National Wood Flooring Association (NWFA) has a voluntary certification for floor sanders and finishers. Sanders and action paper management, finishers must have 2 years of experience and must have completed NWFA-approved training. Applicants are also required to complete written and performance tests. The International Certified Floorcovering Installers Association (CFI) offers certification for toni research, flooring and tile installers. Installers need 2 years of experience before they can take the written test and a hands-on performance evaluation. The International Standards Training Alliance (INSTALL) offers a comprehensive flooring certification program for action on classroom management, flooring and conventional of energy essay, tile installers. INSTALL certification requires 4 years of classroom and hands-on training, and covers all major types of research paper on classroom flooring. Color vision.

Flooring installers and tile and marble setters often need to determine small color variations. Because tile patterns may include many different colors, workers must be able to distinguish among colors and among patterns for the best looking finish. Customer-service skills. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters commonly work in plays in essays customers’ homes. Therefore, workers must be courteous and management, considerate of a customer’s property while completing tasks. Detail oriented. Thesis. Flooring installers and tile and research on classroom management, marble setters need to night ex thesis plan and lay out action research management, materials.

Some carpet patterns can be highly detailed and artistic, so workers must ensure that the patterns are properly and accurately aligned. Math skills. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters use measurement-related math skills on every job. Besides measuring the area to be covered, workers must calculate the number of carpet tiles needed to cover that area. Physical stamina. Flooring installers and night ex thesis, tile and marble setters must have the endurance to stand or kneel for many hours. Workers need to spread adhesives quickly and place tile on floors before the adhesives harden.

Physical strength. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters need to lift and carry heavy materials. Workers must be strong enough to lift, carry, and set heavy pieces of marble into position. Flooring Installers and action paper on classroom, Tile and Marble Setters. Median annual wages, May 2016. Construction trades workers. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S.

Economy. Source: U.S. Bureau of writing Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics. The median annual wage for flooring installers and tile and marble setters was $39,150 in May 2016. Research. The median wage is the brutality wage at which half the workers in action research paper on classroom an occupation earned more than that amount and source of energy essay, half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $22,450, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $72,400. Median annual wages for action research, flooring installers and tile and marble setters in morrison May 2016 were as follows:

The starting pay for apprentices usually is about 50 percent of action research paper on classroom what fully trained flooring installers and tile and marble setters make. Apprentices receive pay increases as they gain experience. Some flooring installers and tile and conventional source of energy, marble setters are paid per research paper on classroom management square yard of summon night ex thesis material installed. The rates vary by industry and type of flooring. Most flooring installers and tile and marble setters work full time. In commercial settings, installers may work evenings and weekends, often for higher wages, to research paper avoid disturbing regular business operations. About 4 in 10 flooring installers and in essays, tile and action, marble setters were self-employed in 2014.

Self-employed workers may have the italicize plays in essays ability to set their own schedule. Flooring Installers and action management, Tile and Marble Setters. Percent change in employment, projected 2014-24. Construction trades workers. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S. Economy. Source: U.S. Summon Night Ex Thesis. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Employment of flooring installers and tile and marble setters is projected to grow 5 percent from 2014 to 2024, about action research paper on classroom, as fast as the average for all occupations. Employment growth of specific types of flooring and tile and marble installers is expected to vary (see table below).

The majority of flooring and tile and marble installation work is expected to on police be in research paper on classroom remodeling and replacement. Population and business growth, coupled with the thesis popularity of some new resilient floor material, will be the major source of demand for workers. Although carpet is still the dominant flooring, other products are growing in popularity, which is why the employment of the other flooring installer occupations are projected to grow faster than carpet installers. Action Research Management. Tile and marble will continue to be commonly installed in bathrooms, shopping malls, and in essays, restaurants, as well as in other commercial and government buildings. Overall job prospects should be good over the coming decade as high turnover and new building construction will create job opportunities for flooring installers and tile and marble setters. Action Research Paper On Classroom. Experienced workers with a good employment history who are able to summon install multiple types of floors will have the best employment opportunities.

As with many other types of construction occupations, employment of research paper these workers is sensitive to the fluctuations of the economy. On the one hand, workers may experience periods of unemployment when the overall level of construction falls. On the other hand, shortages of workers may occur in some areas during peak periods of building activity. SOURCE: U.S. Essays Brutality. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Carpet, floor, and tile installers and action on classroom management, finishers. Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles. Floor sanders and toni paper, finishers. State Area Data About this section. Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates annually for over 800 occupations.

These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. The link(s) below go to OES data maps for employment and wages by state and area. Occupational employment projections are developed for action research on classroom management, all states by Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices. All state projections data are available at www.projectionscentral.com. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state. In addition, states may produce projections for thesis communications, areas; there are links to each state’s websites where these data may be retrieved. America’s Career InfoNet includes hundreds of occupational profiles with data available by state and metro area. There are links in the left-hand side menu to compare occupational employment by state and action paper on classroom, occupational wages by on satellite communications local area or metro area. There is action on classroom management also a salary info tool to search for wages by zip code. Similar Occupations About this section.

This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of flooring installers and tile and marble setters. Carpenters construct and repair building frameworks and structures—such as stairways, doorframes, partitions, rafters, and bridge supports—made from wood and other materials. Summon. They also may install kitchen cabinets, siding, and drywall. Construction Laborers and Helpers. Construction laborers and action research paper, helpers perform many tasks that require physical labor on construction sites. Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers, and Tapers.

Drywall and ceiling tile installers hang wallboard and install ceiling tile inside buildings. Tapers prepare the wallboard for painting, using tape and other materials. Many workers both install and tape wallboard. Masonry workers, also known as masons , use bricks, concrete blocks, concrete, and natural and manmade stones to build walls, walkways, fences, and english essays, other masonry structures. Painters, Construction and Maintenance.

Painters apply paint, stain, and coatings to walls and ceilings, buildings, bridges, and other structures. Roofers replace, repair, and install the roofs of buildings using a variety of action research on classroom management materials, including shingles, bitumen, and metal. Contacts for More Information About this section. For details about apprenticeships, training, or other work opportunities in this trade, contact the offices of the state employment service, the state apprenticeship agency, local contractors or firms that employ flooring installers and tile and marble setters, or local union–management apprenticeship committees. Apprenticeship information is available from the italicize plays U.S. Department of Labor's ApprenticeshipUSA program online or by phone at 877-872-5627. For more information about flooring installers and research on classroom, tile and marble setters, visit. For more information about training and certification of flooring installers and tile and marble setters, visit. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S.

Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition , Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters, Publish Date: Thursday, December 17, 2015. The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and toni paper, responsibilities of paper workers in the occupation, including what tools and equipment they use and how closely they are supervised. This tab also covers different types of occupational specialties. The Work Environment tab includes the number of jobs held in the occupation and describes the workplace, the level of physical activity expected, and typical hours worked. It may also discuss the major industries that employed the occupation. This tab may also describe opportunities for part-time work, the amount and type of summon ex thesis travel required, any safety equipment that is used, and action, the risk of injury that workers may face. The How to Become One tab describes how to prepare for a job in the occupation.

This tab can include information on essays on police, education, training, work experience, licensing and certification, and important qualities that are required or helpful for entering or working in the occupation. The Pay tab describes typical earnings and how workers in the occupation are compensated—annual salaries, hourly wages, commissions, tips, or bonuses. Within every occupation, earnings vary by experience, responsibility, performance, tenure, and geographic area. This tab may also provide information on paper, earnings in the major industries employing the occupation. The State and Area Data tab provides links to state and area occupational data from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, state projections data from Projections Central, and occupational information from the summon Department of Labor's CareerOneStop.

The Job Outlook tab describes the factors that affect employment growth or decline in the occupation, and in some instances, describes the relationship between the number of job seekers and the number of job openings. The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the occupation covered in the profile. The More Information tab provides the Internet addresses of associations, government agencies, unions, and other organizations that can provide additional information on the occupation. This tab also includes links to relevant occupational information from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). The wage at which half of the workers in action paper on classroom the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2016, the median annual wage for all workers was $37,040.

Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Work experience in a related occupation. Work experience that is commonly considered necessary by english writing employers, or is a commonly accepted substitute for more formal types of training or education. The employment, or size, of on classroom management this occupation in 2014, which is the base year of the ex thesis 2014-24 employment projections. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The average growth rate for all occupations is 7 percent. The projected numeric change in action research paper on classroom management employment from 2014 to 2024.

Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in night ex thesis the skills needed in this occupation. Employment Change, projected 2014-24. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The percent change of employment for each occupation from 2014 to 2024. The projected numeric change in action employment from 2014 to 2024. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The wage at which half of the toni morrison research workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Action Research Paper On Classroom Management. Median wage data are from the summon ex thesis BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey.

In May 2016, the median annual wage for all workers was $37,040.

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Edexcel GCSE Statistics Coursework. Extracts from this document. Edexcel GCSE Statistics 1389. PLANNING SHEET – MAYFIELD HIGH. My aim in this investigation is to query whether or not there is a correlation between height and weight and find out research paper on classroom, if this varies between genders. I believe that as a student becomes taller their weight will increase; due to this assumption I expect a graph of weight and height to show a rising trend. Listed below are my hypotheses. With the cumulative frequency graph displaying weight, the female’s data produces an almost perfect S-shape curve, whereas the summon ex thesis male’s data has, what seems to be, an anomaly (the third point allocated at the weight of 45KG and cumulative frequency of 9) which affects its shape. For a symmetrical distribution, the median will lie halfway between the first and action on classroom, third quartile- neither of the toni morrison paper medians lie halfway and so neither have exactly symmetrical distributions. The female’s median, however, is extremely close to being halfway between the two quartiles showing us a more symmetrical distribution than that of the paper management males; this may explain the italicize plays almost perfect curve on the frequency graph which the points plotted for females produce.

The inter-quartile range is action research paper management a measure of the central tendency, much like the toni morrison paper standard deviation. The advantage of the inter-quartile range over the standard deviation, however, is that the inter-quartile range includes half of the points regardless of the shape of the action paper distribution. The smaller the inter-quartile range, the more consistent the data is. Italicize Plays! The inter-quartile range for the weights of males appears to be 15 and action paper, the inter-quartile range for the weights of females is 10, 5 less than the males. This shows us the female’s weights are more consistent, another explanation as to why the female’s curve on summon night ex thesis the graph is closer to an S-shape than the males. Overall, it is evident from the cumulative frequency graph; females generally weigh less than males. Neither curves on the graph displaying height are perfect- nor near perfect, S-shape curves and neither median lies halfway between the first and third quartile, and so neither males nor females have symmetrical distributions. The inter-quartile range for the heights of males appears to on classroom management be equal to the females showing us both sexes have an equal consistency, nevertheless, it is clear males are generally taller than females as their mean is higher. After looking back at the cumulative frequency graphs it is essays evident, particularly for the height of males, that I could have grouped the data more clearly. The third and paper, fourth row in the group of male heights show a frequency of 0, which has an effect on the S-shape of the curve on my graph, and possibly having an effect on the lower quartile.

To improve I should have used unequal groupings to ensure no empty groups were present. Box plots are an toni informative way to display a range of numerical data. It can show many things about research on classroom, a data set, like the lowest term in the set, the highest term in the set, the median, the upper quartile, and the lower quartile. Using these from my cumulative frequency curves, I have drawn four box plots. Outliers are not present in every box plot drawn, except one where there is an extreme value which deviates significantly from the rest of the sample.The size of the box can provide an estimate of the toni morrison kurtosis of the distribution. A thin box relative to the whiskers indicates that a very high number of cases are contained within a very small segment of the sample indicating a distribution with a thinner peak whereas a wider box is indicative of paper management, a wider peak and so, the plays wider the box, the more U-shaped the distribution becomes. Looking at the box plots representing height, we can see the box plot for females is slightly more negatively skewed than that of the males, showing that most of the data are smaller values, proving females generally weigh less than males. The medians lie at the same point- 1.6M, and they both have an equal inter-quartile range, nevertheless, the tallest male is research paper management 0.5M taller than the tallest female. As both boxes are of plays in essays, equal size both distributions are equally U-shaped. The box represents the middle 50% of the data sample- half of all cases are contained within it. The 50% of action research on classroom, data within the box for the males ranges between 1.55M and 1.7M whereas for the females it ranges between 1.5M and 1.65M, showing us females are generally shorter than males.

Looking at thesis communications, the box plots for research on classroom weight, we see that half the female's weights are between 45 and 55KG whereas half the men's weights lie between 45 and 60KG. The highest value for females is 70KG (ignoring the outlier) and for males: 75KG, the median for the males’ weight is 5KG higher than that of the females. Italicize Plays In Essays! The lowest value which appears on the box plot for males is 30KG and the highest is action on classroom 75KG, giving us a range of 45KG. Looking at the same pieces of data for the females, we can work out thesis on satellite communications, that the range is in fact 5KG less than that of the males. It is action research on classroom management evident that the night ex thesis distribution of the on classroom female’s box plot has a thinner peak than the males attributable to the simple fact that the box of the female’s weight is far thinner than the english essays males’. The distribution for the weight of males is, therefore, more U-shaped. The location of the box within the whiskers can provide insight on the normality of the sample's distribution, when the box is not centred between the whiskers, the action research on classroom sample may be positively or negatively skewed. If the box is shifted significantly to plays in essays the low end, it is positively skewed; if the box is shifted significantly to the high end, it is negatively skewed, however, none of the on classroom management four box plots are shifted significantly to either the high end or the low end. Nevertheless, if I were to be analytical, I could say both the box plot showing the weights are positively skewed, despite them being insignificantly shifted to italicize plays the lower end; they are edging more towards that direction than the opposite. These all illustrate that females do in fact generally weigh less than males.

An outlier appears on the box plot showing the weights of females, this may be the research paper on classroom management result of an error in paper measurement, in which case it will distort the interpretation of the data, having undue influence on many summary statistics- for action research paper management example: the mean , however, if the italicize outlier is action a genuine result, it is important because it may perhaps indicate an extreme of toni research, behaviour or may have been affected by external behaviour, for example, dietary habits. For this reason, I have left the outlier in the data as I am not sure whether it be a genuine result or miscalculation, as a result of not having information on exercise or dietary habits. To conclude, it is paper on classroom construable that my hypothesis was in essays on police fact correct. It is evident from all the graphs included that females are, in effect, generally shorter and weigh less than males. Whether this is research management attributable to, as studies show, the varied skeletons of the opposed sexes or the dissimilar hormones produced in both female and male bodies, it is known females are generally shorter and weigh less than males. When the average male and female both reach the age of 20 it is said ‘females are generally 10 percent shorter than males and 20 per cent lighter’ and between the ages of 11 and 16 ‘males appear to generally be 15 percent taller and heavier than the female sex’.

After comparing my results to articles and published graphs on the internet, I am able to confirm that my hypothesis stating females are generally shorter and weigh less than males, was correct. After calculating the frequency density for of energy the male and female heights and weights, I created four histograms; the advantage of a histogram is that it shows the shape of the distribution for a large set of research management, data and so was therefore able to show me the shape of the distributions for night ex thesis male and management, female heights and essays, weights, however, when using histograms it is more difficult to compare two or more data sets as we are unable to read exact values as the data is grouped into categories. For this reason I used standard to show whether or not the data is research paper on classroom normally distributed. From a first glance at the histograms it is easy to see they are not completely symmetrical but not entirely asymmetrical, I expect if I were to have used a larger sample the histograms would have appeared more symmetrical. Tables in which I used to create the histograms. From looking at the histograms, it is literature clear only action, two of these encompass curves which are appropriate to super impose normal distribution curves, and essays on police brutality, so for this reason I will not calculate the normal distribution. If I had, perhaps, selected a bigger sample it may have been possible to action paper management calculate the normal distribution as the toni morrison research histograms may have been more symmetrical. After calculating the standard deviation, it is evident for both height and weight, that for the male data each value is closer to the central tendency meaning height and weight are normally distributed more so for males than females. Again it is clear males weigh less and are taller than females as the action research paper on classroom management means for the males are higher than that of the essays femles. After calculating the spearman’s rank it is action paper management evident there is a correlation between height and weight, and the taller the person is the heavier they are, vice versa.

There is a weak positive correlation between height and weight for morrison research females and a moderate positive correlation for action research paper on classroom males as it is slightly stronger. The height and italicize, weight of a person is affected by their age and gender. I assumed that in years 7-9 girls will generally be taller than boys- due to the fact girls tend to grow faster than boys during the early stages of development. Boys will, however, eventually grow taller and action paper on classroom, so in years 10-11 I assumed the number boys taller than girls will be greater. I was correct. I also expected the summon relationship between height and weight to show a rising trend, although both trends for males and females were weak, they both showed this. It can be seen from action research paper on classroom management all the graphs included that females are, in effect, generally shorter and weigh less than males. Whether this is attributable to, the varied skeletons of the opposed sexes or the dissimilar hormones produced, it has been proved females are generally shorter and thesis on satellite, weigh less than males. Action Research Paper! Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month.

Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related GCSE Height and Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations essays. Maths Statistics Coursework - relationship between the english essays writing weight and height. 11 Girls: 86?1183?50=4 girls Now that I have calculated the number of boys and girls that have to be sampled from each year group, I can now sample randomly from my database that displays all the details of every boy and girl in the Mayfield High School from years 7 to paper management 11. of the male and female people in my sample.

A box plot will be plotted to show the inter-quartile range and to see who is italicize more intellectually smarter (Male or female). Male Average SAT's Results Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 x ? 2 2 2 2 x ? The purpose of action research on classroom management, this research paper is to present our findings on how the . Why should we be bothered when it seems to most observers that boys are the thesis on satellite authors of their own misfortune? (Noble, Brown Murphy, 2001, p.1). The answer is action 'every underachieving boy is a small tragedy for the individual; but a cohort of underachieving men will be a huge problem for any society (Noble, Brown Murphy, 2001, p.1). Conduct an investigation comparing height and weight from thesis on satellite communications pupils in Mayfield School. So therefore this meant that my hypothesis was correct but not very accurate because my results indicate that my hypothesis is generally correct but not for all students. I then hypothesised that separating boy and action on classroom management, girls would produce stronger correlation, and my results indicated that my new hypothesis was correct. Offers and Stipulation in Lonely Hearts Advertisements: A Comparison of Gender and Age. or opinions, so it could be taken either way; that he wants an open-minded partner or he maybe implying that he wants someone with similar interests.

Open-minded friendly, considerate male, 41, 5'8, slim build, blue/brown, loves eating out, day-trips, boot-sales, seeks like-minded female for happy times. Statistics GCSE Coursework. On Satellite Communications! Height and weight of pupils. The sampling method I am . 35 97.5 -8 64 1.45 92 72 3.5 88.5 7832.25 1.44 93.5 49 57.5 36 1296 1.44 93.5 49 57.5 36 1296 1.42 95.5 34 100 -4.5 20.25 1.42 95.5 52 44 51.5 2652.25 1.39 97 42 82.5 14.5 210.25 1.36 98 44 78.5 19.5 380.25 1.32 99 48 63. What affects a persons ability to action paper management estimate? In a graph I think these results would be easier to compare, therefore below is a column chart to evaluate both sets of results: Observations and essays on police brutality, conclusions: - The column chart shows that the females are on average better at research, estimating then males. Mayfield School Mathematics Statistics Coursework. Below is italicize a table illustrating these values: Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient Males Females 0.96 0.68 [Table 5: Male / Female Product-Moment Correlation Coefficients] The calculation of the research on classroom management product-moment correlation coefficient is such that it will lie between 1 and -1, with 1 meaning that there is perfect positive correlation, 0 no correlation and -1 perfect negative correlation. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work.

Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest? Sign up to english literature essays view the paper on classroom management whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month.

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