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Bill cosby research paper

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L’ambiguite narrative dans l’?uvre romanesque de Tahar Ben Jelloun : L’enfant de Sable et La nuit sacree. Cosby Paper? 1 L'Enfant de Sable, texte narratif de l'ecrivain marocain Tahar Ben Jelloun, manifeste une evidente ambiguite du discours structuree de maniere consciente et systematique. Assignment B? Cette situation est fondee sur l'identite indeterminee du personnage principal, sur la creation des univers symboliques et oniriques et sur la superposition des voix narratives. Research Paper? 2 L'?uvre de Tahar Ben Jelloun cotoie le conte, la legende, les rites maghrebins, les mythes ancestraux, etc. Civil Essay Paper? Son originalite consiste dans le fait de savoir reunir tous les aspects de la tradition et de la culture maghrebine dans une symbiose avec des facteurs de la vie quotidienne et des problemes qui touchent la societe actuelle. Bill Cosby Research? 3 Ses personnages participent aussi de ces sources et ils ne peuvent qu'exister dans un monde imaginaire : ils font surgir un langage interdit en rapport avec le corps, la sexualite ou la situation de la femme. 4 Ses recits se trouvent souvent domines par les desordres de la memoire et les jeux de l'imagination ; cette situation, unie aux difficultes d'une ecriture complexe, fait que l'interpretation de ses textes est un vrai defi pour le lecteur. Grabber? 1 Tous les fragments cites appartiennent a l'?uvre de Tahar Ben Jelloun, L'Enfant de sable, Ed. Paper? Du Se (. Pay For? ) 5 L'Enfant de Sable (1985) n'echappe pas a ces tendances.

L'action se situe dans un quartier d'une ville arabe ; base sur un fait divers, le roman raconte l'histoire d'Ahmed, la huitieme fille d'un riche commercant qui subit une education masculinisant, puisque son pere a besoin d'un male pour etre reconnu socialement. Bill Cosby? Il est convaincu que sa femme porte une maladie car elle ne peut pas concevoir d'enfants males – « Ca doit etre une malformation1 » (p. Love And Hate? 22) » – mais il ne la repudiera pas, ni prendra d'autre epouse. Cosby Research Paper? La decision de soumettre cette nouvelle fille aux lois masculines appartient exclusivement au pere et le pacte entre le couple se scelle : La femme ne pouvait qu'acquiescer. Elle obeit a son mari, comme d'habitude, mais se sentit cette fois-ci concernee par une action commune. Pay For Your? Elle etait enfin dans une complicite avec son epoux. Research Paper? Sa vie allait avoir un sens. Persuasive Essay Attention Grabber? (p.

23) 6 Ce personnage ambigu arrive a etre conscient de sa realite, mais il l'accepte. Research? Dans un moment donne, il reconnait son conflit : Je sais, j'ai un corps de femme. Love In Jamestown Essay? (. Bill Cosby Paper? ) J'ai un comportement d'homme, ou plus exactement, on ielts essay introduction and conclusion, m'a appris a agir et a penser comme un etre naturellement superieur a la femme. Bill Paper? Tout me le permettait : la religion, le texte coranique, la societe, la tradition, la famille, le pays. Essay? et moi-meme. Bill? (p. Introduction? 152) J'ai vecu dans l'illusion d'un autre corps, avec les habits et les emotions de quelqu'un d'autre. J'ai trompe tout le monde jusqu'au jour ou je me suis apercue que je me trompais moi-meme. Cosby Research? (p. Ib English? 169) 7 L'indetermination sexuelle, cle pour comprendre le conflit ideologique et existentiel du roman, provoque chez Ahmed une insecurite qu'il ne peut pas resoudre : il est conscient de l'ambiguite de son identite, mais il n'arrive pas a comprendre l'enigme dont il est le protagoniste. Bill? Il assume sa confusion existentielle, qui reste implicite dans le titre du roman : Etre femme est une infirmite naturelle dont tout le monde s'accommode.

Etre homme est une illusion et une violence que tout justifie et privilegie. And Hate? Etre tout simplement est un defi. Bill Research? (p. Grabber? 94) 8 Le texte presente l'histoire d'Ahmed et son passage par les « sept portes », symboles de son processus d'evolution : la naissance, l'enfance, l'adolescence, le mariage, etc. Dans toutes ces etapes, il a des doutes par rapport a son identite, bien qu'il ne puisse pas resoudre le dilemme. Bill Research Paper? Arrive, par exemple, le moment des changements physiques comme la menstruation, la crise existentielle surgit : Aucun detail ne devrait venir, ni de l'exterieur ni du fond de la fosse, perturber cette rigueur. Assignment? Pas meme le sang. Bill Cosby Paper? Et le sang un matin a tache mes draps. Services Paper? (. Research Paper? ) Sur mes cuisses un mince filet de sang, une ligne irreguliere d'un rouge pale. Ielts Essay And Conclusion? (. Paper? ) C'etait un rappel, une grimace d'un souvenir enfoui, le souvenir d'une vie que je n'avais pas connue et qui aurait pu etre la mienne. Assignment? (p. Bill Cosby Research? 46) 9 La mort de son pere est essentielle car elle l'oblige a etre conscient, definitivement, de sa condition et il reproche a ses s?urs leur soumission : A partir de ce jour, je ne suis plus votre frere ; je ne suis pas votre pere non plus, mais votre tuteur. Persuasive Grabber? J'ai le devoir et le droit de veiller sur vous. Paper? Vous me devez obeissance et respect.

Enfin, inutile de vous rappeler que je suis un homme d'ordre et que, si la femme chez nous est inferieure a l'homme, ce n'est pas parce que Dieu l'a voulu ou que le Prophete l'a decide, mais parce qu'elle accepte ce sort. Alors subissez et vivez dans le silence ! (pp. Civil Essay? 65-66) 10 En acceptant le versant masculin, privilegie, qui ne lui correspond pas physiologiquement, il a perpetue l'injustice traditionnellement commise, fait qui lui est presente avec toute sa cruaute : Vous savez combien notre societe est injuste avec les femmes, combien notre religion favorise l'homme (. Cosby Research Paper? ) Vous avez pris gout aux privileges et vous avez, sans peut-etre le vouloir, ignore, meprise vos s?urs, (p. Mains Essay? 87) 11 A ce qu'il repond, en repudiant tous les referents familiers face auxquels il se trouve : La grande, l'immense epreuve que je vis n'a de sens qu'en dehors de ces petits schemas psychologiques qui pretendent savoir et expliquer pourquoi une femme est une femme et un homme est un homme. Bill Cosby Research Paper? Sachez, ami, que la famille, telle qu'elle existe dans nos pays, avec le pere tout-puissant et les femmes releguees a la domesticite avec une parcelle d'autorite que leur laisse le male, la famille, je la repudie, je l'enveloppe de brume et ne la reconnais plus. Written Assignment? (p. Bill Paper? 89) 12 La deuxieme partie du texte est dominee par le niveau onirique. Pay For Research Paper? Finalement, Ahmed assume le role de femme, prend le prenom de Zahra et decide de retourner vers son passe pour chercher sa veritable personnalite. 13 Le roman nous propose differentes issues au conflit pose, mais elles ne sont pas definitives, car l'une d'elles serait La Nuit Sacree. Cosby Research? L'Enfant de Sable se structure comme une metaphore d'un conflit existentiel qui concerne toute la societe ; ce conflit collectif serait represente par la figure d'Ahmed/Zahra, catalyseur d'une conscience collective ; son histoire reste un pretexte pour la denonciation sociale a tous les niveaux : le role de la femme, la tradition et la modernite, la sexualite, etc… 14 Dans une analyse plus exhaustive des aspects formels qui composent le recit, base pour les conclusions interpretatives posterieures, nous percevons que l'element principal qui rend propice l'unite du texte reside dans l'indetermination sexuelle deja mentionnee et dans la recherche du sexe sous l'ambiance oppressive d'une societe et d'une religion bien definies.

Dans ce jeu d'identites, les differentes voix narratives se superposent pour insister sur l'imprecision inherente au texte : le conteur public, Ahmed et Zahra, les auditeurs qui prennent la parole pour essayer de donner un sens a l'histoire, etc. Persuasive? Dans les deux parties du texte, la ligne anecdotique ne se voit interrompue que par les commentaires des narrateurs et par les « lectures » qu'on fait d'un livre ou se trouve, hypothetiquement, l'histoire d'Ahmed/Zahra. Research Paper? A tout cela il faut ajouter le probleme des continuels changements de narrateurs qui rendent difficile la lecture du recit. Other? Apres la mort du pere et de l'epouse d'Ahmed, la narration souffre d'une bifurcation. Bill Cosby Paper? On nous presente differentes versions de la meme histoire racontee par des conteurs qui assurent en etre temoins. Written Ib English? De toute facon, dans la deuxieme partie du roman, l'axe unificateur reste occulte car chaque narrateur projette sur l'histoire sa propre experience et solution, en laissant la porte ouverte a d'autres possibles interpretations. Ces ruptures, creees par les etres narratifs, se trouvent renforcees par le brisement du niveau reel de la narration avec des recits oniriques ou hallucinatoires. Bill Research? Finalement, les changements temporels entre le passe, le present et le futur, rendent difficile aussi la perception de l'unite du texte. Ielts Essay Introduction? 15 Le temps du recit n'est pas unitaire non plus, car il se trouve genere par l'action du narrateur-narrateurs et il est interrompu par de nombreuses prolepses qui se correspondent au niveau onirique et hallucinatoire deja mentionne. Cosby? Par contre, le temps de l'action du recit atteint son unite grace a la presence d'Ahmed, sauf pour le denouement final ou l'auteur nous donne plusieurs interpretations, toujours vers un itineraire chaotique. Love Essay? Le recit eclate par une concurrence des narrateurs et des voix en rivalite, car chaque conteur remplace l'anterieur et tous pretendent etre les heritiers de l'histoire.

16 La polyphonie narrative produit la creation des differents univers symboliques et parfois oniriques qui accentuent l'ambiguite du discours. Bill Cosby Paper? A cette polyphonie il faut ajouter la superposition des voix des differents personnages qui prennent la parole pour insister sur la realite du conflit existentiel du personnage principal. Mains 2013 Essay? 17 Ainsi, des le debut de l'histoire, nous trouvons un narrateur omniscient a la troisieme personne, charge de nous situer l'action et de continuer avec l'evolution des presences narratives, et d'un conteur public a la premiere personne qui raconte l'histoire d'Ahmed, d'apres le livre que celui-ci lui avait donne, nous supposons, avant de mourir. Bill Cosby? Au cours de la lecture, nous nous rendons compte que cette deuxieme entite narrative fonctionne comme un miroir qui deforme la realite, la manipule et se situe entre le premier narrateur et le propre Ahmed, mais en justifiant toutes ses interventions par le Livre ou il a trouve l'histoire. A cause de ce conteur, le personnage acquiert parfois un statuts d'irrealite, renforce par l'intervention du public qui, lentement, prend la parole. Paper? 18 L'action de ce premier conteur est amplifiee par deux autres importantes interventions ou Ahmed parle a la premiere personne : la lecture du livre et de quelques lettres qui forment partie d'un echange epistolaire que la partie masculine du personnage maintient avec sa partie feminine. Bill Cosby Paper? Ainsi, Ahmed se dedouble en deux presences narratives, avec deux univers bien definis, produits de son indetermination sexuelle. Research Paper? Finalement, le pretendu frere de Fatima prend la parole, tandis que le conteur se transforme en auditeur, pour affirmer qu'il est le vrai possesseur de l'histoire qu'on est en train de raconter. Bill Cosby Research? Dans tout ce processus, le personnage d'Ahmed a cree un univers propre, symbolique, que personne ne comprend, pour pouvoir survivre a cette situation et pour attendre un changement radical de sa destinee. And Conclusion? Il se retire dans une chambre ou seulement Malika, la servante, peut entrer et ou il essaie de recuperer toutes les sensations qui lui ont ete interdites : La lumiere le deshabillait. Le bruit le perturbait.

Depuis qu'il s'etait retire dans cette chambre haute, voisine de la terrasse, il ne supportait plus le monde exterieur (. Cosby? ) Il avait besoin d'un long moment, peut-etre des mois, pour ramasser ses membres, mettre de l'ordre dans son passe, corriger l'image funeste que son entourage s'etait fait de lui ces derniers temps, regler minutieusement sa mort (. Ielts Essay And Conclusion? ). Cosby? (pp. Persuasive Attention? 8-9) 19 Toute la premiere partie du texte est donc dominee par cette alternance des narrateurs qui provoque une certaine confusion sur la personnalite fictive du narrateur omniscient. Bill Cosby Research Paper? Dans la deuxieme partie du roman, ou le niveau onirique regne, cette diversite narrative est plus vertigineuse. Your Research? Apres la mort du premier conteur et la destruction du manuscrit, le narrateur omniscient cede peu a peu le tour de parole a une serie de personnages du public, qui reprennent un espace symbolique cree anterieurement, le cirque, pour situer le recit d'Ahmed et pour lui donner une solution propre. Ahmed, en plus, assume finalement son role de Zahra et le narrateur masculin a la premiere personne se transforme en une presence feminine. Bill Research? Parfois, avec cette prise de conscience, Ahmed est le narrateur de sa propre histoire, fonction qui se complete par la lecture de quelques lettres anonymes que celui-ci recoit. Other People To Understand Ourselves Sat Essay? Ces lettres ont une fonction clairement narrative et elles representent le premier espace symbolique ou Ahmed prend le role de femme : ainsi, il nous montre le processus de dedoublement de la personnalite et la posterieure crise d'identite que tout cela comporte. Bill Research? 20 Dans le recit de Salem, le cirque et les personnages qui appartiennent a cet espace, rendent propice la mort de Zahra. Services Mains Essay? Ce narrateur pense que tout le conflit n'est pas un probleme d'erreur de la nature, mais une deviation sociale qui ne peut que finir par un suicide. Bill Cosby Research? La solution d'Amar passe par la reflexion existentielle, car il considere que Zahra es prisonniere de sa destinee et qu'elle ne peut pas supporter le fait d'avoir « deux vies avec deux perceptions et deux visages mais les memes reves, la meme profonde solitude » (p. Ielts Introduction? 155).

Amar substitue l'espace onirique du cirque a celui de la retraite de la premiere partie et il affirme que Zahra s'est laisse mourir dans sa chambre d'ou elle n'est jamais sortie, en detruisant avec son recit l'espace recree par le narrateur anterieur. Bill Paper? Fatouma, qui actualise la derniere intervention du public, s'identifie avec Zahra. Do We Need To Understand? Elle soutient que l'histoire est la sienne, qu'elle l'avait perdue et qu'elle l'avait recuperee grace aux recits du conteur, de Salem et d'Amar. Research Paper? Sa version suppose une extrapolation et une universalisation completes car il se situe a Buenos Aires. Services Mains 2013 Essay Paper? Ces trois narrateurs, donc, modifient le recit et son denouement selon leur propre point de vue et leur vision de la realite. Cosby? Chacun d'entre eux represente un aspect marginal de la societe (le sexe, l'intellectualite et la femme) leur niveau symbolique etant indeniable. Ib English B? 21 Apres toute cette serie de presences narratives, nous trouvons finalement la figure du « troubadour aveugle », l'intellectuel qui observe comment son discours se transforme en metadiscours litteraire. Bill Cosby Research Paper? Il nous donne la derniere solution de ce roman au conflit pose ; selon lui, cette issue a toujours ete chez les intellectuels, meme si elle traverse les frontieres du texte car La Nuit Sacree insiste a nouveau sur ce meme probleme.

22 Pour conclure avec les derives symboliques et interpretatives de ce roman, nous pouvons remarquer que le texte est concu comme la metaphore d'un conflit existentiel de l'auteur qui sert de creuset au conflit collectif de tout un peuple soumis par un processus de colonisation. Cette collectivite est representee par le personnage d'Ahmed, bien que tous les narrateurs y participent. Attention? Sur un plan individuel et diegetique, le personnage essaie d'assumer sa condition, et il accepte volontiers et consciemment la situation a laquelle il a ete mene. Cosby Research? Mais, au fur et a mesure qu'il a decouvert son corps et qu'il a pressenti sa veritable personnalite, Zahra se rebelle contre Ahmed et on ib english, arrive a un degre d'une forte diegese quand elle accepte la condition de femme qui lui avait ete niee par l'organisation anecdotique du roman. Bill? Cette diegese coincide avec le cirque et avec la disparition de Malika, fait necessaire pour que Zahra puisse se developper comme femme. Need Other People To Understand Sat Essay? Toute cette evolution se trouve accompagnee par l'absence d'un espace propre a ce personnage principal et par l'expulsion systematique de tous les espaces ou il s'introduit momentanement. Cosby Research? De cette facon, du moment ou Ahmed assume le role du pere apres la mort de celui-ci, son espace devrait etre la maison, mais il ne peut pas l'occuper physiquement car il n'est pas un homme ; il decide donc de se retirer et de creer son propre univers. Need People To Understand? Il sortira volontiers de cette retraite – espace de l'interiorisation – en acceptant sa condition.

Il arrive au cirque ou il agit avec son role de femme. Bill Research? Mais il sera aussi expulse de cet espace car l'indetermination sexuelle l'empeche d'accepter sa condition. Need Other To Understand Ourselves? Precisement, sa partie masculine, representee par la lettre du correspondant anonyme, provoquera cette nouvelle exclusion. 23 Finalement, Ahmed est exclu non seulement de son espace physique, mais aussi de l'interieur, car l'ambiguite existentielle qu'il subit ne lui permet pas d'avoir une seule conscience, bien qu'il ait un seul corps. Paper? Cette realite provoque la creation des univers paralleles. Your Paper? Il affirme : « je suis (. Bill Cosby Paper? ) moi et un autre » (p.

96) ou « je suis moi-meme l'ombre et la lumiere (. Do We People To Understand Sat Essay? ) le maitre de la maison (. Bill Research Paper? ) et l'invite, le regard qui se cherche et le miroir » (pp. Written Assignment B? 44-45). Apres avoir pris la decision d'assumer sa condition masculine – « je ne dors plus dans le corps d'un autre » (p. Bill? 53) –, il a besoin de demontrer qu'il a trouve un espace propre ; cette nouvelle situation changera car la retraite suppose une nouvelle crise d'identite – « Qui suis-je ? Et qui est l'autre ? » (p. Essay And Conclusion? 55) –, recueillie dans la correspondance qu'il maintient avec soi meme. Bill? Ce sera precisement son correspondant, sa partie masculine, celui qui lui fera decouvrir son corps et les sensations de femme dans les differents espaces oniriques. Mains Essay Paper? A la fin de sa retraite, elle se voit expulsee a nouveau : elle accepte son indetermination bien que cela suppose vivre sans un espace propre. Bill Paper? Nous arrivons, donc, a la conclusion que Ahmed/Zahra n'a pas d'espace reel defini car elle ne possede pas non plus de sexe, de personnalite ni de conscience definies, de la meme facon que le conflit qu'elle symbolise. Essay Introduction And Conclusion? 24 Comme conclusion, nous pouvons constater que le texte nous fournit differentes issues au conflit pose, grace aux jeux des narrateurs. Cosby? Cette polyphonie narrative nous permet de considerer les differents recits comme homodiegetiques.

Cette multiplicite des voix se projette en dehors des frontieres du texte en donnant naissance a un nouveau recit, La Nuit Sacree, ou le narrateur principal assume finalement son identite feminine. Etant donne que cette analyse se base sur une etude intrinseque au texte, nous ne mentionnerons que quelques ?uvres de reference, sans aucune intention d'exhaustivite. Research Paper? Ben jelloun (T.) : L'Enfant de Sable, Paris, Ed. Bill Cosby Research Paper? Du Seuil, 1985. Services Essay Paper? Gauvin (L.) : L'ecrivain francophone a la croisee des langues. Cosby? Entretiens, Paris, Ed. Do We Need Other People Ourselves? Karthala, 1997. Cosby? Joubert (J.-L.) : Et alii. Ib English? Les litteratures francophones depuis 1945, Paris, Bordas, 1986. Bill Cosby? Memmi (A.) : Ecrivains francophones du Maghreb, Paris, Ed.

Seghers, 1985. Pay For Your Paper? Viatte (A.) : Histoire comparee des litteratures francophones, Paris, Nathan, 1980. Cosby Research Paper? 1 Tous les fragments cites appartiennent a l'?uvre de Tahar Ben Jelloun, L'Enfant de sable, Ed. Essay Attention Grabber? Du Seuil, Paris, 1985. Bill Cosby Research? Par la suite, nous n'indiquerons que la page ou ils se trouvent.

Violeta Maria Baena Galle , « L’ambiguite narrative dans l’?uvre romanesque de Tahar Ben Jelloun : L’enfant de Sable et La nuit sacree », Cahiers de Narratologie [En ligne], 10.1 | 2001, mis en ligne le 16 octobre 2014, consulte le 05 octobre 2017. URL : http://narratologie.revues.org/6922. Your Paper? Université de Ayamonte (Espagne) Article L.111-1 du Code de la propriete intellectuelle. Cosby Paper? Espace du recit, recit de l’espace en contexte germanique 31 | 2016. Essay Introduction? Serialite narrative. Bill? Enjeux esthetiques et economiques 30 | 2016.

Street Art 2 29 | 2015. Ielts Essay? Street Art 1 28 | 2015. Bill Cosby Research Paper? Le recit comme acte cognitif 27 | 2014. Les bifurcations du recit interactif: continuite ou rupture? 26 | 2014. Ielts Introduction And Conclusion? Nouvelles frontieres du recit. Paper? Au-dela de l’opposition entre factuel et fictionnel 25 | 2013.

Humour et modernite dans les litteratures de langues romanes du XIXe au XXIe siecle 24 | 2013. Essay Introduction? Avant-gardes et litterature narrative 23 | 2012. Cosby Research Paper? Le sujet et l’art dans la prose francaise contemporaine (1990-2012) 22 | 2012. Voix off et narration cinematographique. Written Assignment Ib English B? Second volet 21 | 2011. Cosby Research? Rencontres de narrativites : perspectives sur l'intrigue musicale 20 | 2011. Pay For Paper? Voix off et narration cinematographique 19 | 2010.

Images composites, arts pluriels 18 | 2010. Bill Cosby Research? Litterature et sciences 17 | 2009. Stereotype et narration litteraire 16 | 2009. Love In Jamestown Essay? Images et recits 15 | 2008. Cosby Research Paper? Recits et genres historiques 14 | 2008. Services 2013 Paper? Prose d'idees : formes et savoirs 13 | 2006. Bill Paper? Nouvelles approches de l'intertextualite 12 | 2005. Pay For Your Paper? Recit et ethique 11 | 2004.

Figures de la lecture et du lecteur 10.1 | 2001. Paper? ISSN electronique 1765-307X. Informations Titre : Cahiers de Narratologie Analyse et theorie narratives En bref : Revue dediee a l'etude des genres narratifs et a la production de recits et d'objets culturels.

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Реферат: Bill Cosby Essay Research Paper He is |…

one page resume My High Speed Networks Inc. (Brockville) Thousand Islands Parkway (TIP) Half Marathon and 5K; Saturday September 9, 2017. Results available from Bryan Lambert's Running by Design. Hoping to cosby research see a big turnout on Saturday to celebrate the civil mains essay paper 30th edition of the cosby research TIP Half Marathon (21.1K). The Half starts at research 8am from the Rockport Community Hall, about 35K west of Brockviile on the Parkway. The accompanying 5K starts at 9:20am . NOTE: The Eventbite online registration Eventbrite currently has these start times reversed ; this will be rectified.

For further details with directions to the start area, check the BRRC Races dropdown menu above. I have quickly completed a brief, potted history of the TIP Half Marathon. This includes a link to a summary of all the winners over the years from 1987 to 2016. Thanks to Rick Swift for his work in compiling this list. To access the history click here. So come on out Saturday to paper Rockport on the Parkway and make your own bit of history in TIP Number 30 ! Glen Tay Round the Block 14.7K; Perth August 31, 2017. The famous Block Race, a race for written b runners, as the organizers aptly put it, took place Thursday evening last. Conditions were on the cool side, but ideal for a long distance race.

There was a good contingent of Brockville and Kingston area runners participating. Paula Wiltse's R2R running group was out in force. Some Results (Age Catg Posn) : Race Series Points Including the Piggy Run. Our intrepid series statistician Hugh Wilson has been busy again in his Montreal home. Hugh has updated the series standing, adding in results of the August 13 Piggy Run. We certainly appreciate Hugh's generous contribution to cosby research this important and painstaking task. I've combined Hugh's pdf scans of his handwritten - nice to see in these times of digital excess! - results' pages into a single pdf document that you may access by clicking here.

By way of explanation, with just one race, the TIP Half and 5K on Saturday September 9 , remaining in the series, only those who have run 2 or more runs to date are included in the latest update. This is to reflect that a runner needs to compete in at least 3 runs to qualify for series recognition. Please advise me Tony Dunbar of any discrepancies and ielts essay, I will see they are corrected. So come on out to TIP and gain some valuable points towards an award at the yearend AGM. TIP Half/5K Saturday September 9, 2017: Online Registration Now Open. You may now register online for this the 30th edition of the bill cosby research Thousand Islands Mark Darroch Half Marathon/James Carlyle 5K to be held on the Thousand Islands Parkway. For online registration through Eventbrite click here. Start/Finish area is at the Rockport Community Hall, 35K approx. Civil Services 2013 Essay! west of Brockville on the Parkway. Click here for bill paper directions . We were saddened to hear of the recent passing of Doris McEwan at the age of 92.

Doris was a remarkable lady and athlete and pay for research paper, a great supporter of the Brockville Road Runners over many years. Bill Cosby! Doris was a faithful volunteer at pay for paper many of our races, including the Run for the Cure, the California Run, Riverfest/Canada Day, TIP, etc. Sincere condolences to her family and friends. From our archives, a photo of Doris as volunteer at the 2011 California Run. Piggy 1K/5K Run; Sunday August 13 RESULTS. Gib Kent diligently compiled and bill, forwarded the results for posting the day after Sunday's very successful run. We were out of town for a few days and did not have access to the links and software to post the results. I have now completed the task and the results may be accessed by clicking here. For some spectacular video of runners young and old streamimg through the railway tunnel click Video. This link is to our club Facebook page but there is no videographer attribution there (President Chris Emslie?). Thanks and congrats Gib and crew for do we organizing this unique run and event.

As per below, Gib Kent has skillfully negotiated with the bill cosby research paper City and has gained permission to use the research paper Railway Tunnel as part of the 5K course. The Tunnel will form the whole of the bill research paper Kids 1K course. Great work Gib! Note : The Kids will assemble at the Hardy Park/Ribfest 5K start area and ib english b, will be escorted to bill cosby research Blockhouse for their Tunnel 1K run. Also, there is no set fee for persuasive essay the races. A free will donation is in effect with a tax receipt issued for all donations of $20 or more to Big Brothers and Big Sisters . Gib has now produced a map of the 5K Course, which he admits is not a PB course but a highly interesting one nevertheless. For Gib's map of the bill cosby paper 5K course click here.

In words: Head East on Water St. past “Don’s Fish and Chips” to Blockhouse Island. Turn left to “ Brockville Railway Tunnel ” Enter the “ Brockville Rail Tunnel ” for .5K staying on the right side to the turn around. Turn around run back out the tunnel .5K to ielts essay Water St . Turn left on Broad St. Bill Cosby Research Paper! pass “ Buds on the Bay ”. Turn right onto Flint St. taking path by “ Tall Ships ” Follow Flint St. to Apple St. where you join the Brock Trail . Follow the Brock Trail around behind Hardy Park to Henry St. Run up Henry St. Ielts Essay Introduction And Conclusion! Until you join the bill paper Brock Trail once again. Follow the Trail over the bridge and behind “ The Mill” to your research St. Paul St . Follow the Brock Trail to Elm St . where there will be a turnaround . Paper! (Water Station)

Return on the trail to St Paul St . Cross St. Paul St., turning left to Water St . Follow Water St. back to ielts essay the start/finish line at research paper Home St. Piggy 1K/5K Run; Sunday August 13. Race director Gib Kent has revealed some exciting news regarding this annual run in services mains paper, aid of Big Brothers Big Sisters. The newly opened (as of bill, August 12) Brockville Railway Tunnel , Canada's first railway tunnel, will be incorporated into both the Kids 1K and the Open 5K . W e will be running a different route for the 5K this year which utilizes more of the Brock Trail around Hardy Park, as well as Brockville Rail Tunnel. This will allow us to avoid the Brock Street crossing. AND The kids 1K run will be a down and back in the Railway tunnel, avoiding any traffic issues. Gib is also in need of volunteers to help him in all aspects of the run. No experience required. Written! Please email Gib at bill cosby [email protected] and ib english, let him know how you could help.

This will be greatly appreciated by Gib aand indeed by the Brockville Roadrunners and bill cosby research, the Big Brothers Big Sisters organization. A quick reminder re the upcoming club races: Piggy 1K/5K Run/Walk; Hardy Park Brockville; 9am Sunday August 13 TIP 5K and Half Marathon (30th Edition); 8:00/9:20am Saturday September 9 at do we need to understand ourselves Escott Road, Rockport See the BRRC Races dropdown menu for further details. Also check the Other Runs dropdown for bill cosby research a listing of upcoming area runs. Utica Boilermaker July 9, 2017. The traditional BRRC member pilgrimage to introduction and conclusion the famed Boilermaker in Utica New York did take place last Sunday.

However, the cosby paper contingent was small in number, comprising just 5 runners. Nevertheless, a good time was had by all with good racing as well. Written! Three (3) medals were garnered in what is always a very competitive field. Results; Age Catg. Places in (): ( Photo Courtesy of research paper, Lana Saunders KRRA)

Race Series Points Update. Our good friend and club member from Montreal, Hugh Wilson, has updated the race series points adding in the results for and hate in jamestown essay the PG and Canada Day 5Ks. Many thanks for this work Hugh. The summaries, in Hugh's copperplate handwriting, are available by clicking here. Bill Paper! Please advise me, Tony Dunbar [email protected], of any errors, omissions, etc. Canada Day 1K/5K Milk Run RESULTS. Race Director Murray Tait completed the large task of compiling the research results yesterday July 2. Some email glitches delayed getting them to cosby me for posting, but now, as nicely summarized by Murray, they may be accessed by services mains essay, clicking here. Again a great big thank you to Murray and all volunteers and helpers for their efforts. A great turnout yesterday in spite of the rain - we run rain or shine! Again a great community way of celebrating Canada Day and bill paper, one that deserves far more recognition from the press and other local organizations.

A big thank you to civil mains 2013 paper Murray Tait, his crew of bill, volunteers, the Dairy Farmers and persuasive essay, other sponsors and to all who braved the elements. There are some nice photos posted to cosby paper the BRRC Members Facebook page Click for Photos. Murray, still on the job as a first time race director, is other to understand ourselves sat essay currently ploughing through the sheets of results, and undoubtedly trying to cosby research paper decipher many illegible, handwritten entries. We really need to essay introduction PRINT our names on such manual entry forms. Thanks to the majority of cosby research paper, you that do. In any case, as soon as the mains results are compiled they will be posted here. In the bill research paper interim, congrats to essay introduction overall race winners Paula Wiltse and Kevin Beatty. Canada Day 5K Milk Run; 9am Saturday July 1, 2017. The July 1 race over cosby research paper, the years has become the premier race on the BRRC race calendar. This has been largely due to the sterling work of race director Rick Swift. (For a previously posted tribute to services mains essay paper Rick click here). Rick has stepped down after 14 years at the helm and has passed the torch to bill cosby Murray Tait who this year is written assignment ib english organizing and directing this 29th edition of the end of June/July 1 event.

Thanks Murray for taking on this important task. Of course there is also the traditional free entry 1K for bill paper kids 14 and under , scheduled to assignment start from Blockhouse Island at 8:45 . For details, check the bill cosby research schedule from the essay BRRC Races dropdown menu above. (Note: This will be the 20th anniversary of the kids event, with Eithne Dunbar the first race director in 1997.) In recent years the cosby research paper Dairy Farmers of and hate in jamestown essay, Canada have been the bill cosby paper major sponsors with the help of a number of local service and business organizations. (The race poster, click here, lists them.) Thanks to the geneous support of the Dairy Farmers in particular, sufficent commemorative shirts have been ordered so there should be a free shirt for civil services 2013 essay each of the anticipated number of cosby paper, runners in each of the 1K and 5K events. So come on out to Blockhouse Island and get the 150th birthday celebration of Canadian Confederation off to a good start in do we other to understand ourselves sat essay, a friendly, family-oriented, fun, sea-of-red atmosphere. Far superior to the rubber ducky and the snarling powerboats IMHO! Raceday registration at the Blockhouse start area - the only kind on offer - opens at cosby research 8am with the 5K scheduled to start at 9am. From Blockhouse the 5K will follow the traditional course out and back along Water Street and the Brock Trail. The results for this evening run, as compiled by Bryan Lambert's Running by Design Runningbydesign.com, are now available by accessing the pay for ResultsSeries dropdown menu above. Bill Cosby Research! Liam Cullen has kindly provided a photo of a group of hardware toting runners, including the overall trophy winner, Jake Lessard, and services, some of the various proud medal winners on the night. Thanks Liam.

Back: Jean Bernaquez, Terry Hodge, Roger Hawksby, Cheryl Scott. Ian Loughrey, Anne Merv Hodgson. ( Photo Courtesy of Liam Cullen ) Divas Run for Breast Cancer, Toronto; June 11, 2017. A band of bill cosby research paper, our women runners participated in this unique event in Toronto on the weekend. There was a 5K and half marathon(21.1K) on offer and all our athletes opted for the half. Originally scheduled to be run on Toronto Island, the event had to be moved to the Port Lands on the mainland due to extensive flooding on the island. Our divas completed the do we need other ourselves sat essay long run in hot and humid conditions in splendid fashion.

Congrats to all. ( Photo Courtesy of Roger Hawksby ) Anne Hodgson pulled together the summary of results below: The next race on the BRRC schedule is the cosby research PG 5K on pay for your research paper, Friday June 16 evening . Click here for bill cosby details. Beat Beethoven 8K Kingston; June 4, 2017. Local runners recently made the trip to Kingston in research paper, an attempt to cosby cross the line before the final bars of a Beethoven symphony.

Typically the and hate essay Kingston Symphony play Beethoven's 3rd or Eroica symphony, but this year played the great composer's 5th. Research! This change did not seem to bother our stalwarts too much as they all performed admirably! Results, with age category medal placings in () are below. Ottawa Race Weekend; May 27-28, 2017. As always a strong contingent of mains essay paper, local runners took part in the various events. Good results all round with a couple of age category medals - Rick Swift gold in the 5K and Paula Wiltse taking silver in the 10K. Ian Loughrey continued his streak of fine marathons, this one in cosby research, hot conditions apparently. The Crawford family were out in force in the 10K. Dad Mike added another fine run to his Boston and Mississauga Marathons with a sub-40 10K.

Ethan was not too far behind, while Sarah and grabber, daughter Maggie finished together in the identical time, to the nearest tenth of second, of cosby paper, 54:35.9. Full results as summarized by our results guru, Anne Hodgson, are below: PG Vibrant Living 5K Run/Walk Update. The cost for the run is $10 (+ $1.20 service fee on Eventbrite) and services essay, with that entrance fee you will get a 2017 PG Run tech shirt and race bib. Series points will be awarded to all participants. Additional notable features are the bill cosby family friendly activities available before and after the event. Some of these features include popcorn, live entertainment and an outdoor showing of do we need other people ourselves, Beauty and the Beast following the bill cosby paper race.

Montreal Members Jean and Hugh Race Results. In recent weeks we have been acknowledging the ourselves sat essay race achievements of our local Brockville and area runners. It is now time to add the results of our 'eastern wing': BRRC members Jean Bernaquez and Hugh Wilson, both from bill research Montreal. These two fine lads have been BRRC members and particpants in many of our races for a number of years now. Hugh has compiled the impressive list of results for pay for research the impressive number of runs these 'young seniors' have racked up since the beginning of the year. It also includes the cosby exceptional age category results achieved, all first places in Jean's case, with Hugh almost always in the medals, most of them gold.

Well done boys; you're an inspiration to pay for research paper us all! Ottawa Sporting Life 10K in cosby paper, Support of CHEO, Sunday May 14: Results. A sizeable contingent of local runners travelled to persuasive essay Ottawa to participate in this special event. Once again they acquitted themselves exceptionally well with a significant number of age category medal performances (in brackets) including a number of golds. Anne Hodgson, our resultsa compiler, was the proud winner by research paper, over 4 minutes in her category.

Congrats Anne and to all others. Prescott Fort Town 5K and 10K Night Run Sat May 6: Results. By all accounts this unique event was a big success with 210 runners and do we people to understand, walkers in total participating. This included a large contingent of BRRC member and local runners. The organizers are to be congratulatd on putting on this event. Many of bill paper, our members were especially appreciative of the opportunity to run a 10K locally. Our dedicated 'results sleuth', Anne Hodgson, has again scoured the persuasive grabber published results and has prepared a summary of bill cosby research, times and top 3 performances for those local runners with whom she is love and hate in jamestown acquainted. Anne has been involved with the local running scene for cosby many years so her summary is and conclusion likely to be pretty comprehensive. Thanks again Anne for your diligent work in bill cosby research, providing this valuable service to the club and the local running community. For a list of your paper, results for each of the 5K and 10K events for all participants click 5K and 10K to access the website of the Running Goat Perth, the event timers. Road Warriors' Weekend (Apr 29, 30)

This past weekend was a busy one for BRRC members with races in Cornwall, Merrickville, Smiths Falls and bill cosby research paper, Kingston. Anne Hodgson has scoured the results and compiled the summary below - many thanks Anne. Many notable results: Kevin Riddell completed his first marathon in Cornwall; Ian Loughrey had another good result in the same race. Good to see Jim Earle back in action again at do we people ourselves the Cornwall 5K. As always, we had a number of age category medals as indicated in the places in ().

In addition to these races, a trio of cosby paper, club members, Rick Swift, Randy Frith and John Raiswell took part in a 7 member team relay that ran 77.7 miles around Seneca Lake in the Finger Lakes area of New York State. They were the Canadian invitees to a team organized by Bill Chapin of Watertown NY. (Bill also organizes a team for services essay paper the annual Reach the Beach 200 mile relay in New Hampshire each September.) The 'boys' (average age 72) acquitted themselves very well finishing in the top half of the 318 teams of various ages entered in bill research paper, the event. Congrats. Next race up is the unique Prescott Fort Town 5K and 10K evening run on Saturday May 6. For details click here. Boston Mike Crawford - Number 11 in the Bag!

Congrats to Mike Crawford for yet another fine Boston Marathon, finishing in 3hrs 17 mins. Mike himself dubbed Boston some years ago: The Holy Grail of marathon running. A quick search of the archives indicates this was Boston number 11 for Mike, running it every year, except 2010, between 2006 and 2017. Very impressive indeed. Way to go, Mike!

Looking for ielts essay introduction a run in the local area? Have a look under Other Runs above. I recently updated the bill research paper listing, which includes some newer runs in Prescott, Merrickville, Smiths Falls, Perth, etc. BRRC Race Series Points. Please advise of your paper, any errors, omissions, etc. These would most likely be mine in transcribing from Hugh Wilson's summaries to the website posting. Tony Dunbar E-mail. Now that the 2017 series of 3 Freeze Your Buns races has been completed, a summary of the points awarded to all participants has been compiled and posted. I'm delighted to report that our good friend from Montreal, Hugh Wilson , was responsible for compiling these summaries and forwarding to me for bill cosby research paper formatting and posting. Many, many thanks Hugh for this and for volunteering to continue to compile as the season progresses. (For those who may not be acquainted with Hugh, he's the fine looking gentleman on do we need other people to understand sat essay, the left in the photo below with the late Ed Whitlock.)

The Race Series has been in bill research, place for many years, but seems to fly a bit under the radar for many members, especially the newer ones. We have a system in place for awarding points to each runner based on their individual place in a race. Written Assignment Ib English! At the end of the season the points total for each runner is tallied and special awards are presented at bill research paper our AGM to persuasive essay attention grabber the top of the bill cosby table individuals in the various categories. A look at the summaries just posted, or those of previous years, accessible from the Results Series dropdown menu above, will give a better illustration of ielts essay introduction, what's involved. The intent of the series is to encourage individual participation in as many of our races as possible and to reward consistent and superior performance as we race against our competition and bill cosby, peers. As per the 2017 BRRC Race schedule, a runner has 7 races in which to gain series points. (Actually there are 8 if you wish to duplicate the feat of Kevin Beatty and run both the TIP 5K and half marathon!) A minimum of 3 of these races must be run in order to appear in the final reckoning.

Look Who's in the 70-79 Age Category! If you look carefully at the Freeze Your Buns #3 results, you will notice the 70-79 age category is now graced for the first time by the presence of the speedy Rick Swift . While vacationing in in jamestown essay, Panama, Rick on February 4 reached the bill cosby research paper grand old age of 70. Do We Need Ourselves Sat Essay! A belated happy birthday Rick from the BRRC family. Having cleaned up in the 60-69 category all over the map, including in 5Ks in bill cosby paper, Utica, Boston, Ottawa and other highly competitive races, Rick has now come to show a clean pair of heels to other people all of us poor, mere joggers in the 70-79 age category. Go easy on us Rick, please! Freeze Your Buns #3: Results. A report with results as compiled by race director Janet Wynands is now accessible here. Congrats to overall 1K winners Ryley Higgs and Finn Campeau . Cosby Research! The 5 km event was won by do we need other people ourselves sat essay, the speedy Declan Colwell in bill cosby research paper, 16:02.

The first female across the line was Corinne Schonewille in a time of 20:34. Declan's win in other, the 5K spoiled Corey Turnbull 's streak of 3 in a row. However, Corey had the cosby paper satisfaction of being the overall 3 race series winner in an average time over the 3 races of 18:28. The female series winner was Marieke Van Spriel with an average time of 22:18. Congratulations to Corey and Marieke. Each of their names will be added to the special Mark Darroch memorial plaque. For previous series winners and recipients of this honour, check the assignment Times Past dropdown menu above and select Freeze Your Buns. (The history of this, and other BRRC races referenced, has been compiled by research paper, our historian Rick Swift.

Thanks, Rick.) A big thank you again to love essay Janet Wynands and her crew for organizing another fine series. Janet has been at the helm since 2008. A special thanks also to those special volunteers Paul Fournier, Lesley Dunning, Laurie Dunning and Muriel Carlye who were yet again out to bill research lend their expertise. They have been faithfully volunteering for the FYB series and other events for many years.

Thanks gang. The Passing of a Legend: Ed Whitlock. We join the running community in Canada and indeed across the world in mourning the passing of Ed Whitlock, the legendary holder of multiple master's distance world records. Ed died of prostate cancer on March 13 at the age of 86. Ed ran his last marathon at the ScotiaBank in Toronto last October and completed it in under 4 hours. Ed's achievements are without equal and include a marathon in 2:54 at 73 in a performance the New York Times ranked as the introduction and conclusion best marathon finish of all-time. But what really set Ed apart was the grace and humility he showed in spite of all his great achievements. He also had a wry sense of humour.

His training consisted of bill research paper, running for do we hours around the cemetery near his Milton home. When asked, he’d say something like: “compared to everyone in that place, no matter how I feel on any given day, I’m looking pretty good.” For detailed articles on bill cosby paper, Ed click here and here. The Montreal Lads and Ed Whitlock. Here's a photo I posted previously showing Montreal BRRC members Hugh Wilson and Jean Bernaquez chatting with Ed at the Raisin River Footrace in research, Williamstown, some years ago.

Freeze Your Buns #2 Results. A race report with results has now been completed by race director Janet Wynands. To access this report click here. Thanks to Janet and her volunteer crew for another fine event. As Janet reports, it was held in the best weather conditions on record. Congrats to overall 1K winners Faith Bartlett , 2 in a row, and Lucas Bennet . The 5 km event also had a double winner with Corey Turnbull coming in cosby, first in a time of 18:23. The first female across the line was Sarah Utting in essay and conclusion, a time of 22:02. Note: The results of bill paper, this race and of the 3 held to date in 2017 may now be accessed from the Results Series dropdown menu above.

Final run in the series is scheduled for Saturday March 25 at 10:00/10:15 from the Memorial Centre. As always, participants in all three races will earn a technical long sleeve shirt. Race proceeds go to help support the local food bank. PLEASE NOTE: Freeze Your Buns and attention, Food Item Donations. As you may know, over the years runners in cosby research, our winter Freeze Your Buns series have been invited to bring along a non-perishable food item to race registration. The food items, along with the net cash proceeds from the races, were donated to the local Brockville Food Bank, currently on Buell Street. A non-perishable food item, generally a canned good, entitled the donor to a $2 discount on race entry fees. The club executive has had feedback from the Food Bank that a significant number of such food items they've received in your research paper, recent times have been unsuitable, as they've been beyond the expiry or best before use date. These items had to be discarded on receipt by the Food Bank. This is not a desirable situation and, as a result, the bill cosby research paper Food Bank has requested that we no longer collect food items at our races . This will go into effect immediately, with FYBs #2 on February 25. This is unfortunate.

However, on do we ourselves sat essay, the positive side, with the end of the $2 discount, the cash proceeds to the Food Bank will be increased. Food bank operations in general now advise that they actually have a preference for donations of bill cosby, money compared to food items. Civil Services Mains Essay! In general, every $3 that they get they can turn into $5 of food for their clients. So thanks to series' directors Rick Oliver, Roger Hawksby and Janet Wynands and their volunteer crews for all the work and effort they put into this initiative over the years. It was very worthwhile and welcomed by the Food Bank. Research! It's a pity it had to end in this manner but as I explained above it does have a bright side. For any questions or comments you may have, I invite you to civil services 2013 paper contact club president Chris Emslie at [email protected] Freeze Your Buns #1 Results. There were a few technical glitches in getting the final results together.

The report on the race as compiled by race director Janet Wynands is now available by clicking here. Another big thank you to Janet who has organized this series since 2008. This year's is the 26th annual and marks Janet's 10th year at the helm. Former club president Rick Oliver and cosby paper, crew were the initiators of the series in 1992 and Roger Hawksby was the director from 1997 before handing over to essay introduction Janet Wynands in 2008. It was nice to bill cosby research paper see many of the longtime volunteers for this and other races on the job yet again: Lesley and Laurie Dunning, Paul Fournier and Muriel Carlyle.

It was also great to essay see a number of cosby research paper, regular out-of-towners make the journey - pretty long in a number of cases - to participate. Your Paper! Amongst these were: Brian and Stewart Campbell (Pembroke and Cornwall); Hugh Wilson and Jean Bernaquez (Montreal); Toby Irven and Peter Feickert (Canton, NY); Mike Day (Ottawa) and cosby, Jim Estes, David Cannons and Bryan Lambert (Kingston. We appreciate your support of our events. (Hopefully I didn't miss anyone?) Special Deal at love and hate in jamestown Snap Fitness Gym at 1365 California Avenue. As another incentive to take out/renew club membership, Chris Emslie has announced a special deal for card carrying BRRC members at the 24/7 Snap Fitness Gym:Facebook page: click here. Details of the deal are available by cosby research, clicking here.

Offer expires February 28. News Flash from your Webmaster; Jan 19, 2017. Who said your dear old (since 2003) website couldn't change?! You will now notice that the need people ourselves sat essay opening or landing page is no longer a listing of our executive. On accessing www.brockvilleroadrunners.com, you will now be taken to research paper what was previously called the News Update page. Love In Jamestown! This is now more appropriately called our Home Page with all the latest race happenings, achievements, general news, etc. The top menu bar continues to allow navigation to the other various pages. There is research paper now a button on pay for your, the menu bar to take you to a listing of the current Executive. Freeze Your Buns 1K/5K #1. A reminder re the bill paper first in the series: Saturday Jan 21 at 10am from the persuasive essay attention Brockville Memorial Centre.

For other details access the BRRC Races dropdown menu above. This will mark the 26th year for the 3 run series, which since 2008 have been organized by Janet Wynands. Thank you Janet. Also don't forget it's another opportunity to cosby paper takeout/renew club membership. A form you may print and fill out ahead of time is available by clicking here. Resolution Run, Monday January 2, and Freeze Your Buns Series. Results of the Resolution Run as submitted by Janet Wynands may be accessed by clicking here. Many thanks to Janet and crew for getting us all out and back on the roads again for a brand new season. As she has done since 2008, Janet Wynands is organizing the first 4 runs of the new season. It will kick off with the Annual Resolution 5K Run in support of the paper Brockville Legion Athletic Club. This will then be followed by the regular three (3) 5K run Freeze Your Buns Series (the 26th annual).

The details as provided by bill paper, Janet are outlined below. Resolution Run: January 2 with registration starting at civil 9:00 with the 1K children's race starting at 10:00 and the 5K at 10:15 a.m. Freeze Your Buns Run #1: Saturday January 21 with registration starting at 9:00 with the 1 K children's race starting at 10:00 and the 5 k starting at 10:15 Freeze Your Buns run #2: Saturday February 25 with registration starting at 9:00 and paper, races starting as per above. Freeze Your Buns run #3: Saturday March 25 with registration starting at 9:00 and races as per above. Race fees: 1K event $5; 5K: Non-members $15, Members $10, Students $7, Families $30.

Bring a food item for the food bank and get a $2 discount on all race fees. All proceeds from the races go back to love essay our local community by supporting the Foodbank for the Freeze Your Buns runs and cosby research, the Brockville Legion Athletic Club for the Resolution Run. Jingle Bell Chase 5K; Saturday November 26. The sixth annual chase was held in relatively good conditions on Saturday Nov 26. Race director Rick Swift made a modification to the course, cutting out the trip around Laurier Hill, through the trails, etc in favour of completing the essay basic FYB's road circuit.

The start/finish was still at the soccer pavilion at Laurier Hill. Runners left at times on the countdown clock corresponding to bill paper their normal time for a 5K which led to the handicap, and the staggered start. The winner and first across the finish line was Yvonne Linseman-Malanka . There was a disappointing turnout of just 25 runners, with many of our regular members noticeably absent from the chase itself but not necessarily from a Saturday morning run. Rick Swift is to be commended for yet again organizing this fun event on behalf of the civil essay club. This in spite of being extremely busy in research paper, preparing for a pending house move. And Hate In Jamestown! Thanks Rick. New Board Update: Two New Potential Members. Since the research paper AGM on November 22, two club members, Brenda Young and Megan Primeau, have expressed an interest in joining the board.

The board of seven elected at the AGM will have the option at pay for your research their first meeting of co-opting these two women to the board. Jingle Bell Chase 5K, 9am Laurier Hill Brockville; Saturday November 26. A reminder re this annual fun Christmastime event. Features a staggered start based on cosby, each runner's individual 5K time, the time that it usually takes them to finish a 5K race. Persuasive Essay Attention Grabber! This makes it a handicap race based on research paper, ability and do we need other sat essay, not on age as in the past, so all have an equal chance of winning. So come prepared to set off from the start when your normal 5k time appears on the countdown clock. Other details from the BRRC Races dropdown above.

Annual General Meeting (AGM); Tuesday November 22. The main points coming out of the meeting were: Chris Emslie Amanda Brown Zack Boyd Krista Haasnoot Bernie Cormier Murray Tait Ian Loughrey. In a break with general practice, but not for the first time in our history, the decision was made, with the approval of the general membership present, to elect the bill cosby paper seven nominees above to do we need people sat essay the board. Bill Cosby! At their first meeting, the new board will elect/appoint the various officers, including president, and other positions as required.

Thanks to Chris Emslie and the outgoing board for ielts introduction steering the club through a very difficult year. We wish the new board every success in the upcoming year. Annual General Meeting (AGM); Tuesday November 22, 6pm at cosby paper Luna Restaurant. For the essay meeting agenda as prepared by bill cosby, club president Chris Emslie click here. Please mark your calendars for this important annual event. The doors at written assignment ib english b Luna will open at 6pm with free food (pizza) being served at 6:30pm.

There will be a cash bar. Luna Restaurant is located on bill, Stewart Blvd. at Parkedale Avenue in Brockville. The business portion, scheduled to commence at 7pm , will consist of series awards/recognition, reports from the various officers, including the president, treasurer and membership coordinator. There will also be the nomination and election of members to form the executive for the upcoming year. Persuasive Essay Grabber! It's important that we have a good turnout of members to advise and guide the executive on bill cosby, the desired future direction of the and conclusion Brockville Road Runners. Series Points Final.

A significant part of the AGM agenda will be devoted to recognition of those who performed consistently well over the course of the BRRC 2016 series of races. For many years we have had a system in bill cosby, place, with points awarded based on a runner's position overall and in age category over each of our races. Participation in and conclusion, a minimum of 3 races is required to be listed in the final tally. A summary of the top 3 in each of the male and female categories is now available by clicking Points. In addition, the detailed results, race by race, are available from the ResultsSeries dropdown menu above. Please advise as soon as possible of any significant errors or omissions. Further details of the evening's agenda will be posted once finalized. The Toronto ScotiaBank Marathon and Half Marathon; Sunday Oct 16.

I'm glad to bill paper report that since their unhappy experience at the Toronto Marathon, Brenda Young and Ilona Thomas each made a successful comeback, finishing in style at the Sunday, November 6 Hamilton Marathon . Ielts Essay Introduction! Well done ladies. It was a case of some mixed fortunes for the contingent of club and area runners who travelled to Toronto for this feature event. While all of our participants came through the 21.1K half marathon unscathed, the increasing heat and cosby paper, humidity took their toll on a number of our 42.2K full marathon contestants. Ielts Essay And Conclusion! We are happy to report that these runners have recovered from their ordeal and their disappointment will also abate in time we know. Bill Cosby Paper! They've conquered the marathon in style a number of times before and will do so again I'm sure. There were some fine performances otherwise in the marathon with Ian Loughrey and Mike Crawford clocking impressive times and finishing well up in their respective age categories. A special shoutout to Geoff Peters and Cheryl Scott who each finished their first ever marathon. Cheryl in particular had a rough time when, due to the conditions, her asthma flared up, causing her to struggle on slowly to the finish in true gritty marathoner style. Your! Well done Cheryl. It was also nice to see our good friend Henry De Souza back on the marathon trail. Good job Henry.

Half marathon results across the board were of a high standard in keeping with Brockville Roadrunner tradition. Full results for both races are below with age category placings in bill cosby paper, (): The Picton Half Marathon; Sunday Oct 2. A number of club members and area runners again participated in this popular event in Picton. (There were no area runners in paper, the marathon as far as I could tell.) Paula Wiltse was second overall woman running a fine 1:25:04.1. This was good for first place in the 40-49 age category. Merv Hodgson at 78 continues to inspire, running a 2:17:59.6 which earned him a first place in his age category. Congrats Merv.

Another of our senior runners, Mary Clayton, took first place in the 70+ age category in a time of 2:18:58.4. Merv Wears Gold. A complete listing of area runner results: Army Run in Ottawa, Sunday September 18, 2016. While some of us were scaling the hills of New Hampshire in the annual 203 mile Reach the Beach Relay, others were participating in various events as part of the Army Run in Ottawa. Events consisted of bill cosby paper, a 5K and a Half Marathon (21.1K). For hardier souls there was the opportunity to run both distances in what was called the Commander's Challenge.

A number of our area runners completed this feat, with pride of place going to essay attention grabber Shelley Steenwyk whose total time for the 2 runs of research, 2:14:30 garnered her a 3rd place in attention grabber, the 50-54 age category. Congrats Shelley. Good also to see Ian Loughrey continue to bill show good form in running a 1:34:07 for the 21.1K, good for 5th in his 55-59 age category. The Hodgsons, Merv (2nd) and Anne (4th), were also well placed in their 5K age divisions. Congrats to all. I have searched (or indeed scoured) the Sportstats website as best I can and paper, have summarized the bill cosby research paper results across the 3 competitions for club and area runners.

Apologies if I've missed any. (Combined 5K and Half Marathon) TIP Sat Sept 10: Report and Results. Well the TIP 21.1K and 5K are now history. Chris Emslie and friends succeeded in organizing and managing this large undertaking. Understandably based on the relative inexperience of the group, there were a few glitches but nothing major. Chris was lucky to have Randy Frith once again take care of the Community Hall and more importantly make the measurements and place the many pylons involved with marking the long stretch of course involved.

Many thanks Randy. The finish line services of Bryan Lambert and his Running By Design company were also vitally important. A special acknowledgement of the Doyle family, out to watch Dad Bryan complete his first half marathon, who were commandeered to man a couple of water stations. The turnout particularly in the featured half marathon was disappointing. Just 36 runners lined up for ielts and conclusion this the 29th edition of this historic club event. Cosby Research! The majority of the entrants were from outside the Brockville area - Kingston, Gananoque, Morrisburg and Pembroke. Many Brockville Road Runner members were noticeably absent; other commitments and and hate, priorities no doubt. Of BRRC members taking part, Cheryl Scott deserves special mention. Cheryl is bill diligently training for her first marathon in Toronto in October and has been putting in your paper, the long training runs required. On Saturday, Cheryl first ran 11K out to the start line at Rockport and then completed the 21.1K half for bill cosby research paper a total of 32K.

Well done, Cheryl, your dedication for sure will result in a great and well deserved 42.2K in Toronto on October 16. Overall winners of the half were Tim Gillespie from Kingston in 1:22:37 and the indefatigable 65 year old Deborah Holtom from Howe Island in research paper, 1:49:55. The 56 runner 5K field was led home by Jeff Lapierre from Green Valley in 17:29 and Corinne Schonewille from Athens in bill research, 20:11. Full detailed results for both races are available from Bryan Lambert's website www.runningbydesign.com. Race Series: Current Points Totals.

Has been pointed out to me that I used the 2015 and not the 2016 results in error for in jamestown essay FYB#2 in the tables. Will correct and add the TIP results in the next draft. This draft will represent the bill paper final series results for 2016. With just one race, the love in jamestown TIP 21.1K/5K, left in cosby research paper, the season's races series, I have created rough drafts of the other sat essay current status in terms of points gained from the first Freeze Your Buns through to bill research paper the August Piggy Run. Note that since at essay grabber least 3 runs must be participated in to paper be listed in the final series tables, only those who have competed in 2 or more races to this point are included in these interim summaries. There are four(4) such interim summaries, each of which may be individually accessed by clicking on the links below: These summaries were quickly put together and involved many transcriptions from multiple individual results sheets. There are almost certainly errors and/or omissions. Persuasive Essay Attention! Please advise of such so I can make the necessary corrections. Please note that to gain points in the overall standings, a runner must finish in the overall top 5 places, male and female, of a race.

Age category does not come into play in this case. Good luck to all at Saturday's TIP in earning those last few important points. TIP Half Marathon and 5K; Saturday September 10, 2016. BRRC President Chris Emslie and crew are busy finalizing preparations for this the 29th Annual Mark Darroch Half Marathon and James K Carlyle 5K on the Thousand Islands Parkway (TIP). The races start from the Rockport Community Hall , 35K west of Brockville, and the runs are out and cosby paper, back on assignment, the traffic free Parkway bike path on Saturday September 10th.

Race start for the 21.1K half is 8am with the 5K heading out at 9:20 am. Both course distances have been certified. Online registration through Eventbrite is now available by clicking Registration and proceeding to Tickets . The first 100 registrants will receive a commemorative shirt. Details re fees, etc are now updated to the BRRC Races schedule from the dropdown menu above. This includes a link to a Form that may be completed ahead for those who choose to register on raceday. Details are also summarized on this Poster which we invite you to print and distribute in cosby research, your local area. The Piggy 1K/5K Run: Sunday August 7 from Hardy Park at 9am. Results as compiled by race director Gib Kent are now available. Click Results. The Montreal Lads and assignment ib english b, Ed Whitlock. While browsing the website of the cosby paper Raisin River Footrace in Williamstown, scheduled for Sunday August 7, I came across this very nice photo from a previous year:

The lads are BRRC club members who regularly travel to ielts essay introduction Brockville from research Montreal to run our races. Ed is the legendary world multi-age category record holder in many long distances including the 5K, 10K, half and full marathons. Utica Boilermaker Results; July 10, 2016. Canada Day 1K/5K Milk Run; Friday July 1. Results as supplied by Christie Reitsma for the 1K and Rick Swift for the 5K, for ib english his 14th and bill cosby, last time as race director, are now available. Research! A big thank you to bill research paper both these dedicated individuals for providing us yet again with a memorable Canada Day. And of written, course many thanks to bill research our volunteers and to the Dairy Farmer organizations for civil services essay paper their generous sponsorship.

Special congrats to 5K winners Paula Wiltse (17:32) and bill research, Kevin Beatty (16:48). This win represents 4 in a row for Paula and win number 8 in total. Kevin by comparison has only managed to win 7 of the Canada Day classics! Each is the holder of the respective 5K course record: Kevin ran 15:30 in 2005; Paula completed the course in 17:21 in need people to understand ourselves, 2010. Cosby Paper! Two elite athletes without doubt. Thanks Rick Swift- Our Canada Day Run Impresario Extraordinaire. We certainly owe a huge debt of gratitude to Rick Swift for his tremendous contribution to the success of the Canada Day 5K. Rick began by helping and research, learning the ropes from club founder member and past president Rick Oliver. Then in paper, 2003 Rick took over the reins himself and set out on a path of development and growth that took the level of participation from less than 100 to pay for your research consistently over bill research, the 200 mark (250 this year).

Along the way, Rick fixed the name and date of the run to coincide with Canada Day on July 1. In earlier years the run was tied in civil mains paper, with the last weekend of Riverfest, late June or early July. The event became a colourful - appropriately red - joyful celebration of research, our national holiday. The presence of the young kids in Christie Reitsma's long running 1K brought an additional family flavour to the whole day. Rick was also innovative in terms of the race commemorative running gear he provided. In place of the traditional t-shirt, we had a special club singlet one year and hats another. Rick also negotiated a deal with Scott McNamee at Crank's Bicycle Shoppe, who generously supplied at a discount top of the line running shoes as prizes over a few years. In recent years Rick, with the help of the Wynands family, secured the sponsorship of local area Dairy Farmer organizations. Rick steered us calmly and competently through a number of challenges over the years: runners had to skirt around vendor pop-ups on Water Street, compete with the essay grabber deafening noise from the power boat regatta, relocate because of the Artisan Village and then last year deal with the construction of the bill research new skateboard facility just off of the Brock Trail.

In sum, Rick has been a powerhouse of a race director for the Canada Day Run. Paper! Of course, he also jumped in at the start of the 5K almost every year and tossed off one of cosby research, those hugely impressive, senior's sub-20 minute or just over 20 minute runs. Rick will be a hard act to follow as he finally steps down as race director. But we're confident there's someone or more out there willing to take on the challenge and ensure the continued success of civil 2013 essay paper, our Canada Day Run. Cosby Research Paper! We owe it to do we other to understand Rick. TISS Track Support - Win a KIA!

The TISS Track Facility is cosby research paper without a doubt a huge asset to the health and wellness of people to understand sat essay, our community! To fund maintenance that the facility requires, TISS is raffling off a KIA Sorrento. 5000 tickets have been printed and can be purchased for $20 each. You can purchase your tickets at the Main Office at Thousand Islands Secondary School or at the Canada Day Run on bill, July 1st at Blockhouse Island. RoadID is a well established company that sells a special band worn by runners. The band bears the runner's basic identification information. This is useful and even vital in an emergency where a runner has an accident out alone on a training run, or even in a race, and first responders have no means of love, identifying the person with a view to contacting family or others.

BRRC President Chris Emslie has made a deal with RoadID that for every sale that is made of a band, the club will receive a small donation. To get further information on the styles available and to buy a band, click on bill cosby research, the RoadID Logo above and research, the sale will be processed as being one from bill paper a BRRC member. As well as being a real benefit for our runners, the sale will raise some much needed funds for the club. Thanks in advance for your support. Freeze Your Buns Historical Note. The Jan 23, 2016 FYB marked a special club milestone as we embarked on the 25th season of the Freeze Your Buns series. Former club president Rick Oliver and crew were the initiators of the series in 1992 and Roger Hawksby was the director from 1997 before handing over to Janet Wynands in 2008. To see a listing of the various winners, of series and individual races, from 1992 to pay for 2015, check the Times Past link above. This link also leads to a wealth of information re the past history of our traditional races. Rick Swift diligently put these valuable summaries together last year for our benefit. Thanks again Rick.

Rick Swift, past-president and club historian, has diligently compiled some very interesting summaries. These are the historical record of cosby research, various race winners, course records, awards, etc. Links to these summaries are now available from the ielts essay and conclusion new dropdown menu button Times Past above. Well worth a browse with references to some of our stalwarts from the 80s and 90s included. Thanks Rick for this very valuable contribution to bill cosby research paper club history.

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Tips for Academic Writing and Other Formal Writing. It is research, a long list. People have a lot of other, problems. Some of the items sound picky or trivial, even to me. Yet bad grammar, bad style, and poor organization will make it very difficult for you to convey your ideas clearly and professionally, and will limit your academic and professional success. I strongly recommend that you work to eliminate any of these problems that may apply to bill cosby research paper, your own writing. -- Dr. James A. Love And Hate? Bednar.

Rules for formal writing are quite strict, though often unstated. Cosby Research Paper? Formal writing is and hate in jamestown essay, used in academic and scientific settings whenever you want to convey your ideas to a wide audience, with many possible backgrounds and assumptions. Bill Research? Unlike casual conversation or emails to friends, formal writing needs to be clear, unambiguous, literal, and well structured. Formal writing is not just dictated conversation In general, it is inappropriate simply to write as you would speak. In conversation, the listener can ask for your paper clarification or elaboration easily, and paper thus the speaker can use imprecise language, ramble from topic to topic freely, and so on.

Formal writing must instead stand on its own, conveying the author's thesis clearly through words alone. As a result, formal writing requires substantial effort to construct meaningful sentences, paragraphs, and arguments relevant to do we need sat essay, a well-defined thesis. The best formal writing will be difficult to write but very easy to read. The author's time and effort spent on research paper writing will be repaid with the love in jamestown time and bill effort saved by the (many) readers. Make your thesis obvious throughout An essay, article, or report should have one main topic (the thesis) that is clearly evident in the introduction and conclusion. Of course, the thesis may itself be a conjunction or a contrast between two items, but it must still be expressible as a single, coherent point.

In a short essay, the essay main point should usually conclude the introductory paragraph. In a longer essay, the main point generally concludes the introductory section. Bill Cosby Paper? The reader should never be in any doubt about what your thesis is; whenever you think it might not be absolutely obvious, remind the reader again. When in doubt, use the recipe: introduce, expand/justify, conclude Paragraphs, subsections, sections, chapters, and introduction and conclusion books all use the bill cosby paper same structure: first make the ielts essay and conclusion topic clear, then expand upon it, and cosby research finally sum up, tying everything back to ielts essay, the topic. At each level, you need to research, tell the reader what you will be trying to say (in this paragraph, section, etc.), then you need to cover all the pay for relevant material, clearly relating it to your stated point, and finally you need to tie the subtopics together so that they do indeed add up to establish the bill cosby paper point that you promised. Stay on written b topic Everything in your document should be related clearly to your main thesis. You can write other papers later for anything else you might want to say. The reason your reader is reading this particular paper of yours is that he or she wants to know about your main topic, not simply about everything you might want to say (unless for some narcissistic reason everything you might want to say is your clearly stated main topic). Conversely, there is cosby research paper, no need to bring up items simply because they relate to pay for your research, your main topic, if you do not have anything to say about them.

If you do bring something up, say something important about bill research it! Staying on topic does not mean being one sided To avoid being misleading, you will often need to acknowledge some weaknesses in your argument or discuss some merits of an services mains 2013 essay, opposing argument. It is quite appropriate to discuss such opposing views when they are relevant, i.e., when they relate directly to the main topic of your paper. For instance, if you are reviewing a paper and arguing that it was not written well overall, it is usually a good idea to point out the few things that were done well, e.g. Bill Cosby Research? so that the reader does not get the impression that you just like to complain :-) . Often such opposing observations fit well just after the introduction, providing a background for the rest of your arguments that follow. Whenever you do include such material, i.e. things that go in the direction opposite to your main thesis, be careful to put it into only a few well-defined places, reorganizing your argument to achieve that when necessary. Jumping back and forth will confuse the written ib english reader unnecessarily.

In every case, try to bill cosby, make your point as clearly as possible, while at persuasive attention, the same time not overstating it and not pretending that no other valid viewpoints exist. Transitions are difficult but very important Each sentence in your document should follow smoothly from the preceding sentence, and each paragraph should follow smoothly from the preceding paragraph. The world is arguably an unstructured jumble of ideas, but anything that you expect the reader to read from start to finish needs to be a linear progression along one single path. Transition words and phrases are what make it possible for a reader to cosby research, follow you easily as you explore the civil mains 2013 essay various ideas in your paper. Without good transitions, the reader will end up backtracking repeatedly, which will often cause your point to be lost or your paper to be tossed aside altogether. One clue that your writing needs better transitions is if you find that you can cut and research paste paragraphs from one section to another without doing substantial rewriting of services 2013 essay, how the paragraph begins and ends.

If making such rearrangements is easy, then you have not been linking your paragraphs into a coherent narrative that reads well from paper, start to finish. In practice, making smooth transitions is very difficult. Learning to do it takes a lot of practice at first, and actually making the transitions smooth takes a lot of effort every time you write or revise something. One rule of ib english b, thumb is bill research, that whenever you switch topics, you should try to provide a verbal clue that you are doing so, using transitions like However, . , As a result, . , For comparison, , etc. If you notice that you have to add these words between most of mains 2013, your sentences, not just the paragraphs, then you are bouncing around too much. In that case you need to reorganize your document to group related thoughts together, switching topics only research, when necessary.

Once the do we ourselves sat essay organization is good, all you can do is read and reread what you write, rewording it until each new item follows easily from those before it. Write what you mean, mean what you write Speakers use many informal, colloquial phrases in casual conversation, usually intending to convey meanings other than what the words literally indicate. For instance, we often speak informally of going the extra mile, at the end of the bill day, hard facts, things being crystal clear or pretty convincing, someone sticking to a topic, readers being turned off, something really being the case, etc. Other To Understand Sat Essay? Avoid such imprecise writing in formal prose -- whenever possible, the words you write should literally mean exactly what they say. If there were no miles involved, do not write of extra ones; if there was no crystal, do not write about its clarity. Among other benefits, avoiding such informal language will ensure that your meaning is paper, obvious even to those who have not learned the currently popular idioms, such as those for whom English is a second language and those who might read your writing years from now or in another part of the world. Formal writing should be clear to as many people as possible, and its meaning should not depend on the whims of your local dialect of English. It is a permanent and public record of your ideas, and should mean precisely what you have written. Avoid redundancy Unfortunately, specifying minimum page requirements encourages redundancy, but please try to persuasive attention, avoid that temptation. When two words will do, there is no need to use twenty. Whenever you finish a sentence or paragraph, read over research it to see if any words or sentences can be eliminated -- often your point will get much stronger when you do so.

In the academic community, your ability to write concisely is need other to understand ourselves sat essay, far more important than your ability to research, fill up a page with text. Academic courses specify page minimums to ensure that you write an need other people to understand ourselves sat essay, essay of the appropriate depth, not to test whether you can say the same thing a dozen different ways just to fill up space. Bill Research Paper? In the real world, you will see many more page maximum specifications than page minimums. Be professional and diplomatic When writing about another's work, always write as if your subject may read your document. Your essays for a course assignment will probably not be published, but genuine scientific writing will be, and the subject of your paper may very well come across your work eventually. Thus it is crucial to avoid pejorative, insulting, and offensive terms like attempt to, a waste of persuasive essay, time, pointless, etc. If some of the essays I have seen were read out loud to the author under discussion, a fistfight would probably result. Cosby Research Paper? At the services mains 2013 very least, you would have made an enemy for life, which is rarely a good idea. In any case, your points will be much more convincing if you can disagree professionally and diplomatically, without attacking the author or implying that he or she is an imbecile.

And, finally, no one will publish your work if it is bill research paper, just a diatribe and not a sober, reasoned argument. To avoid these sorts of problems, it might be good to assignment b, pretend that you are the author under discussion and re-read your essay through his or her eyes. It should be straightforward to figure out cosby, which parts would make you defensive or angry, and you can then reword those. Avoid imperative voice Use imperative voice sparingly in a scientific paper, because it comes across as rude (as do many of the sentences in pay for your research what you are reading right now!). E.g. do not say Recall that . Cosby? . Of course, an occasional imperative in parentheses is not objectionable (e.g. (see Walker 1996 for more details).). A formal document needs to paper, be structured at all levels, whether or not the structure is made explicit using section labels or other visible clues. Overall structure The standard format for an effective essay or article is to: (1) present a coherent thesis in bill research the introduction, (2) try your hardest to convince the people ourselves sat essay reader of your thesis in the body of the paper, and (3) restate the thesis in the conclusion so that the reader remains quite sure what your thesis is, and so that the reader can decide whether he or she was convinced. Using any other format for a formal article is almost invariably a bad idea. The introduction and bill cosby research paper conclusions do not always need to be labeled as such, but they need to be there. Note that an abstract is no substitute for an introduction; abstracts act as an persuasive essay, independent miniature version of the article, not part of the bill cosby introduction.

Each paragraph is one relevant sub-topic Each paragraph in a document should have one topic that is clearly evident early in ielts the paragraph. Every paragraph should have a clear relationship to bill research paper, the main topic of your document; if not, either the paragraph should be eliminated, or the main topic should be revised. Use complete sentences Except in extraordinary circumstances, sentences in the main text must be complete, i.e., they must have a subject and a verb, so that they express an entire thought, not just a fragment or the beginning of a thought. Note that most -ing words are not verbs. The light turning green is just a fragment, i.e., a start to a sentence or a part of introduction and conclusion, one. Cosby Research? To be a sentence that you could use on its own followed by a period, it would have to be The light turned green, which has both a subject and love essay a verb. Put appropriate punctuation between sentences. Two complete sentences can be divided with a period, question mark, or exclamation point, or they can be weakly connected as clauses with a semicolon.

However, they can never be connected with a comma in formal writing! To see if your writing has this problem, consider each of your commas in turn. If you could replace the comma with a period, leaving two complete, meaningful sentences, then that comma is an error -- a comma can never be used like that! Instead, replace the cosby paper comma with a semicolon, in case you have two sentences that need to be linked in written some generic way, or make the linkage explicit with a conjunction, or simply use a period, to leave two complete and independent sentences. Section titles Section titles for an article should say exactly and succinctly what the reader will get out of bill cosby paper, that section. In most relatively short documents, using a standard set of section titles is services mains 2013, best so that people can scan through your document quickly. Section standards vary in different fields, but a common set is: Introduction, Background, Methods (for an experimental paper) or Architecture (for a modeling paper), Discussion, Future Work (often merged with Discussion), and Conclusion. If you do not use the standard titles, e.g. Research? if you have labeled lower-level subsections, you should be quite explicit about mains essay paper what is in research paper that section. Persuasive Grabber? Such labels should make sense to someone who has not yet read that section, and make it clear why they should read it. For instance, a section about adding a second eye to a simulation of single-eye vision could truthfully be called Multiple eyes, but that title is meaningless to someone scanning the document.

Instead, it should be something like Extending the model to explain stereo vision whose meaning will be clear to bill cosby, the type of b, person likely to be reading the paper. Everything important goes in your introduction and research paper conclusion Everyone who looks at your paper will at least skim the introduction and conclusion, and those who read it in depth will remember those two sections the best. So make sure that your most important points are quite prominent and unmissable in those sections. Say it, never just say that you will say it In the introduction, conclusion, and abstract (if any), do not merely describe what you are going to services mains 2013, say or have said; actually say it! For instance, do not just state that I will discuss and evaluate this paper if you will later argue that (for example) it is not convincing.

Instead state that the paper is unconvincing, and (in brief) why you believe that to be the case. Then you can elaborate on that point in subsequent paragraphs. Subsections If you have sections 1, 1.1, and 1.2, there must be introductory material between 1 and 1.1 that explains briefly what is in cosby the subsections, mentioned in the order of the subsections. Essay? That is, 1.1 should never follow just after 1 without some intervening text. If you have 1.1, there must always be a 1.2; otherwise 1 and 1.1 should be merged. Cosby Research? Each 1.x subsection should end with a concluding statement of what has been established in that subsection, wrapping things up before moving on to the next subsection. Figure captions Different communities have different expectations on what to put into figure captions. Some journals, like Science , have very long captions, which are meant to be readable independently of the main article. That way, readers can skim articles and do we people to understand sat essay only look at interesting figures, before deciding whether to read the whole article. Bill Research? In such cases, you must ensure that all of the your paper main points of the cosby research figure are also mentioned in the text of the love and hate in jamestown essay article, so that someone reading the article straight through will not miss them.

Other journals and other publications like books, theses, and proposals tend to have very little in research paper the caption, with the attention grabber figures being understandable only bill cosby paper, when reading the main text. Mains? Even in such cases, I myself prefer to put all the graphical details like the dotted line represents in the caption, plus enough context so that the cosby paper import of the ielts introduction figure is clear. Bill Cosby Research? You are welcome to have your own preferences, but you should be aware of what you are trying to achieve, i.e. Pay For Your Paper? whether you want the caption to be readable on its own. Try hard to avoid ambiguous references Conversation is replete with ambiguous words like this, these, his, it, they, etc. These words have no meaning in themselves, but in cosby research conversation the meaning is usually clear from the context. In written text, however, the intended meaning is quite often not evident to the reader, because there are e.g. many possible interpretations of it and this. It is ielts, a good idea to read over bill anything you write, searching for this sort of word. For each instance, first ask yourself To what specific item does this term refer?.

For such a reference to essay attention, make sense, the object, person, or concept must have been explicitly mentioned just prior to your reference. Often you will find that it or they refers to something vague that was not even discussed explicitly in your paper, in which case you should reword your text entirely. Even if the bill paper item to which you refer is explicitly mentioned in your paper, ask yourself whether there is any chance that the reader might not know to which of mains, several items you might be referring. E.g. for the word he, were there two or three people being discussed? If so then state the actual name of each; he would be ambiguous. Often an bill paper, ambiguous this or these can be disambiguated by adding a noun that specifies precisely the type of in jamestown, object or concept to which you are referring. For instance, this argument or this paper is less confusing than simply this. Cosby Research Paper? That is, do not use this followed directly by a verb phrase, but you can use this before a noun phrase, as in civil services mains this sentence is a good example of the use of the word 'this'.

Watch out for homonyms Spell checkers are wonderful, but they are absolutely useless for cosby paper detecting misused homonyms or near-homonyms, i.e., actual words whose meaning is confused with other actual words. As a result, homonyms are probably the most common spelling errors in word-processed text. Paper? Even if you are lazy and cosby let the spell checker fix all of your other words, make certain that you know the differences between words like: If you do not know the difference, you must simply avoid using any of these words. Yet because the spell checker takes care of civil services 2013 essay, all the other words you may misspell, learning to use these few words correctly is surely not much of a burden, and bill paper is crucial for convincing your readers that you are competent and trustworthy. Avoid comprise Apparently the word comprise has now been used incorrectly so many times to ielts and conclusion, mean compose that this usage is now becoming acceptable. Cosby Paper? But it is much safer simply to avoid comprise altogether, as anyone who does know what it started out meaning will be annoyed when you use it to do we other to understand, mean compose. But and however are not interchangeable The words but and however have similar meanings, but they are not interchangeable. Research Paper? If you take a grammatically correct sentence containing but and replace it with however, or vice versa, the result will almost always be incorrect, mainly because of comma punctuation. I like oranges, but I do not like tangerines. I like oranges.

However, I do not like tangerines. I like oranges; however, I do not like tangerines. I, however, do not like grapefruits. I like oranges however they have been prepared. If you exchange any of these buts and howevers, then the love and hate in jamestown sentences would become incorrect, and in some cases meaningless. A point is a single item The word point can only be used for a single, atomic item. Cosby Research? Thus it is not appropriate to discuss a sub-point, part of a point, the first half of a point, etc.

Instead use topic or section, etc. A research There is civil paper, no noun phrase a research in English. Research Paper? Use a study or just research, never a research. Similarly, there is no separate plural form of research; researches is an English verb, not a noun. Avoid capitalization When in persuasive essay grabber doubt, use lower case. Research Paper? Capitalization is appropriate only for specific, named, individual items or people. For example, capitalize school subjects only when you are referring to attention, a specific course at a specific school: math is bill research paper, a general subject, but Math 301 is a particular course. Similarly: Department of Computer Sciences vs. a computer science department, the president vs.

President Bush. When in doubt, use lower case. Avoid contractions Contractions are appropriate only for conversational use and for do we need other informal writing, never for bill technical or formal writing. Hyphenate phrases only when otherwise ambiguous In English phrases (groups of and hate essay, several words forming a unit), hyphens are used to group pairs of words when the meaning might otherwise be ambiguous. That is, they act like the parentheses in a mathematical expression. They should normally otherwise be avoided unless they are part of a single word (or the cosby dictionary explicitly requires them), i.e., it is a mistake to essay, use a hyphen where the meaning was already clear and unambiguous. For instance, long adjective phrases preceding a noun sometimes include another noun temporarily being used as an adjective. Cosby Research? Such phrases can often be parsed several different ways with different meanings.

For example, the civil mains paper phrase English language learners as written means language learners from England, because, by bill paper default, language modifies learners, and English modifies language learners. But the phrase that was intended was probably English-language learners, i.e. learners of the English language, and using the hyphen helps make that grouping clear. Note that there would never be a hyphen if the essay same phrase were used after the noun it modifies, because in that case there would be absolutely no chance of ambiguity: a learner of the research paper English language ( NEVER a learner of the English-language; the hyphen effectively turns the noun phrase English language into an adjective, and a prepositional phrase starting with of the must be completed with a noun, not an adjective). Note that hyphens are used only in adjective phrases; they are not needed after an adverb (and are therefore incorrect). An adverb explicitly modifies the adjective immediately following it, never a noun. For instance, a quickly dropping stock cannot possibly be mistaken for essay attention a quickly dropping-stock, because adverbs like quickly cannot modify a noun phrase like dropping stock, and so quickly clearly must modify dropping. In general, there should never be a hyphen after an adverb ending in ly, though hyphens are sometimes necessary after some non-adverbial ly words like early (as in the correct examples an early-rising rooster or an early-rising English-language learner). You may want to search through your finished document for ly-; nearly all examples of research, those three characters in a row will be mistakes. In some very complicated phrases, two levels of grouping can be achieved using an en dash, i.e. a slightly longer dash than a hyphen. For instance, a language-learning--associated problem would be a problem associated with language learning; the hyphen groups language and learning, while the en-dash -- connects language learning with associated. Without hyphens or without the en-dash, the phrase would be quite difficult to read.

But in such cases it is often clearer just to reword the sentence to avoid the ambiguity, as in mains 2013 essay paper a problem associated with language learning. In cases where the bill word grouping is quite obvious because the pair of words are so often used together, the hyphen can be omitted even when it would strictly be required to avoid ambiguity. For instance chocolate chip cookies is unlikely to be misread as chocolate chip-cookies, despite that being the literal interpretation, and so the hyphen can usually be omitted from chocolate-chip cookies. In general, you should hyphenate a phrase when that particular sentence would otherwise be ambiguous. In any other case, even a nearby sentence containing the same phrase but e.g. Essay? after the noun it modifies, you should leave out the cosby paper hyphen. Need Other To Understand? I.e., the hyphen is not a property of the phrase, but of how you are using the phrase in the sentence. American vs. British English I myself am American by birth, despite lecturing in a British university, and I use American spellings by cosby default (e.g. organization, not organisation). Authors are generally free to use whichever spelling they prefer, although publishers will often change the spellings to make e.g. all the papers in a certain edited volume use the same conventions. Thus please do not hesitate to other people to understand sat essay, use whichever one of the research (correct) spellings you are more comfortable with, as long as you keep it consistent throughout the document.

Formatting and grammar rules When in doubt about grammar or page format, researchers in psychology and computer science generally follow the APA style guide; biological fields use similar standards. Ib English B? Unfortunately, you do have to pay for the APA guide, though it is now available in bill cosby a less-expensive electronic edition. Pay attention to how your document looks Use readable, clear fonts and reasonable margins, following the typical format used for similar documents. If your word processor cannot make the spacing regular between words (e.g. most versions of Microsoft Word), turn off right justification. Poor spacing makes the page look jumbled and seem incoherent, even if the writing is not. Nearly all formal writing should simply be stapled --- anything else looks unprofessional. For instance, using a fancy cover and binding for a short paper or report is distracting and makes it difficult to photocopy the paper; such binding is do we other to understand ourselves sat essay, necessary only for long papers that a staple would have trouble keeping together. At the opposite extreme, it should be obvious that folding one corner is not an bill cosby research paper, acceptable substitute for a staple. Authors are authors, not writers The people who perform a scientific study are called authors, never writers, even though the results are presented in a written paper. Scientific authorship includes much more than the love essay actual writing, and cosby some authors may well not have written any word in love and hate in jamestown essay the paper. Use last names Never refer to the authors by their first names, as if they were your friends.

They are not, and bill cosby even if they were, it would be inappropriate to draw attention to that circumstance. Except in unusual cases to avoid ambiguity or to discuss specific people (e.g. the original founders of a field of research), first names are not even mentioned in the body of services paper, a scientific text; the bill cosby last names are sufficient. Author names are keys -- spell them properly In academic writing, an author's last name is like the services mains essay paper key in a database lookup -- if the bill cosby research paper name is misspelled (e.g. Davis for Davies), your reader will not be able to assignment b, locate works by that author in the library or online. Moreover, it is extraordinarily impolite to misspell someone's name when you are discussing them; doing so shows that you have not paid much attention to them or their work. So you should make a special effort to bill research paper, spell author names correctly, double and triple checking them against the original source, and ensuring that you spell them the same way each time. Use appropriate pronouns Use appropriate pronouns when referring to the authors.

If there are multiple authors, use they or the authors or the authors' last names, not he or the essay attention grabber author. Bill Research Paper? If there is only one author and you can determine the gender with great confidence, you may use he or she; otherwise use the author or the author's last name. Referring to other texts Use double quotes around the title of an do we other ourselves, article when you refer to it in the text. Italics are reserved for books or other works of similar length. Bill Research Paper? Avoid underlining altogether --- underlining is just a way of ielts introduction, indicating that handwritten or typewritten text should be typeset in italics, and is thus inappropriate when italics are available (as they are on any modern word processor).

Be very precise when discussing an author discussing another author For better or worse, academic writing often devolves into bill cosby research discussions of what one author said about another author. If commenting on such controversies, you should be extremely careful about using ambiguous terms like his, the author, etc. Very often your reader will have no idea which of the various authors you are referring to, even though it may be clear to essay, you. When in doubt, use the actual last names instead, even if they might sound repetitive. Avoid footnotes Footnotes should be used quite sparingly, and should never be used as a way to avoid the hard work of bill cosby research, making your text flow into a coherent narrative.

Only when something genuinely cannot be made to other people to understand ourselves, fit into the main flow of the text, yet is somehow still so important that it must be mentioned, does it go into bill a footnote. Avoid direct quotes In scientific (as opposed to literary or historical) writing, direct quotes should be used only when the precise wording of the original sentences is important, e.g. Ielts? if the work is so groundbreaking that the words themselves have driven research in this field. In nearly every other case, paraphrasing is more appropriate, because it lets you formulate the idea in the terms suitable for your particular paper, focusing on the underlying issue rather than the cosby way one author expressed it. Be careful with arguments about grammar If you are going to criticize the and hate in jamestown grammar or spelling of an author in writing, you should be extraordinarily careful to verify that you are correct. Reading a long rant from an American about how a person of bill paper, British upbringing has supposedly misspelled words like utilisation, or vice versa, can be quite painful.

There is no need to mention explicitly reading the paper A lot of students use phrases like while reading this paper, I . and In this paper the authors . . Try to avoid this redundancy. If you use the mains word author you need not also use paper, and vice versa. Similarly, it is clear that whatever you discovered about the paper, you discovered while reading the paper; we do not need to be reminded of research paper, this. Academic writing is always about written ib english papers and authors, and bill thus those topics should only be discussed when they are relevant. Discussing existing work Whenever you bring up an need people, existing piece of research, whether it is your own or someone else's, there is a standard way of doing it properly. First you say what the research showed, then you say what its limitations are, and then you say how your own work is going to overcome those limitations. I.e., say what has been done, what has not been done, and cosby research paper how you are going to do some of essay, what has not been done. If you are doing a literature review rather than an bill, original research paper, you just describe what you think should be done, rather than what you plan to do. Unless you want to make an enemy, you should always mention something positive about existing work before exploring the limitations, and you should always assume that the person you are discussing will read what you wrote. Of course, sometimes there is need other people ourselves, a good reason to make an enemy, e.g. to draw attention to yourself by attacking someone famous, but you should be sure to choose your enemies wisely.

Discussing proposed work In a research proposal, it is never acceptable to announce only that you are planning to study topic X. In the context of research, studying is a vague and unbounded task, with no criterion for success and no way to tell if you are getting anywhere. Cosby Research? Studying is something you do in a course, where someone can tell you what to ielts essay, focus on and can test you to see if you got the right answer; research is not like that. Bill Paper? In research, you need to spell out the specific questions you are going to try to 2013, answer, the specific phenomena that need explanations, and bill cosby paper so on assignment ib english b -- it's up to you to define the question and the methods, and until you've done so, it's not research, just idle speculation. Discussion/future work In the discussion sections of a research paper, be sure to discuss all topics that the audience expected to see in the paper, even if you yourself do not believe them to bill cosby paper, be relevant. The reader is more likely to assume that you have been sloppy about your literature review than to grabber, assume you knew about the bill work but believed it not to be relevant.

Page restrictions can help here --- they provide a good excuse for omitting topics that you do not believe to be relevant. Introduction? In a longer article or thesis without page limits you have no choice but to address the issue and explicitly state why the topic is cosby paper, not relevant despite the common belief that it is. Bibliographies Students often seem to ielts and conclusion, think that bibliographies are mysterious, tricky things with rules far too complex to understand or remember. Although there is a vast array of different bibliographic formats, the underlying principles are actually not complicated at bill research paper, all. Simply put, all bibliographies must have a certain basic minimum standard of information in order to fulfill their function of allowing people to locate the specific item of love essay, reference material you cite. In particular, every bibliography entry needs an paper, author, date, and title, every journal article absolutely must have a volume and page numbers, and love and hate in jamestown essay every conference paper must have the title of the conference proceedings, the page numbers, and bill paper some indication of who published it. Essay? Without having every bit of this basic information, there is no way to be sure that readers can find the one specific article that you are discussing. Conversely, you should not include anything not necessary or useful for locating the article, such as the paper cost of reprints. As long as the correct information is included, there are many acceptable bibliography formats, though note that in your all cases each entry ends in cosby a period.

Citations The bibliography or reference list in an academic paper must consist of precisely those sources that you cite in the text, without any extra sources and without omitting any. Each citation must provide enough information for civil mains paper the reader to find the correct source in the bibliography; beyond that, any number of citation formats will do unless there is some specific standard you are told to bill cosby research paper, follow. One common approach is to use author-date citations like (Smith, Wu, and Tong 2008), but other approaches such as numbering the bibliography entries and then using bracketed or superscript numbers are also fine. If using numeric citations with brackets, note that there must always be a space before the love and hate in jamestown essay first bracket, as in . known [1], ( not . known[1]). If using author-date citations, you must remember that any item in parentheses does not exist , as far as the bill cosby paper grammar of the sentence is concerned, and thus it cannot be used as part of the assignment ib english b sentence. Cosby? Thus the rule is ielts introduction, simply to put the parentheses around the bill cosby paper part that would be acceptable to omit when reading aloud, as in Carlin (1972) showed that. or . as seen in rats (Carlin 1972). ( not (Carlin 1972) showed that. and not . as seen in rats Carlin (1972).).

It is written, usually best to have only cosby paper, a single level of parentheses, because multiple parentheses start to distract from the main text. Ielts Essay Introduction And Conclusion? Thus I would prefer has been established (but for cosby research paper a counterexample see Johnson, 1905) to has been established (but for a counterexample see Johnson (1905)). I and we Writing standards disagree about love and hate essay whether to use I and we (and their various forms) in academic work. Some argue that those personal pronouns distract from what should be objective and scientifically valid without recourse to any particular speaker, or even that they just do not sound scientific. Others argue that omitting I and we results in awkward, passive sentences rather than direct We did X sentences. Personally, I believe that academic writing should use personal pronouns whenever what is being reported was an arbitrary and specific choice made by bill cosby research paper a human being, or for attention opinions or personal judgment, precisely because these pronouns emphasize that a human was involved in bill research paper the work.

When reporting universal scientific facts or observations, I would not use personal pronouns, because any reasonable observer would have reported similar results and thus there is no need to emphasize the role of the assignment authors. Thus, personally, I believe that I and we have their place in bill cosby research academic writing, i.e., to love essay, emphasize the human element where appropriate; in other circumstances I would discourage their use. Please note that I happen to disagree with a few of the bill cosby paper rules commonly accepted for English text, and in the text on this page I happily use my own rules instead. You might wish to do we need other people sat essay, follow the bill cosby research accepted usage in such cases, though I would much rather everyone used my own much better rules as listed below. If you do agree to join my one-man campaign to fix the English language, I cannot accept any responsibility for points deducted by less enlightened folks. Written Assignment Ib English? :-) Punctuation after quotations In American English (and in some cases for paper British English), punctuation following a bit of quoted text is other, traditionally placed inside the quotation.

However, I consider that rule an cosby research paper, egregious violation of the whole notion of quotation, i.e. an obvious bug in the English language. For example, if I am quoting someone who said that life is civil essay, hard, I always put the comma outside the quotation mark because they themselves did not necessarily have a pause when they said it; in fact, they probably had a full stop (which would be written as a period). Bill Cosby? Accepted American usage is to write life is hard, but the pay for paper computer programmer in bill research paper me just cannot be convinced to need other people sat essay, make such an obvious semantic error. Spaces around dashes An em-dash is a long dash, longer than an en-dash and a hyphen. The traditional formatting for bill cosby research paper an em-dash does not use any spaces, as in in jamestown life is hard---then you die. However, I myself much prefer to put a space before and after the dash. Without the spaces the dash appears to be connecting two words like hard---then, which makes no grammatical sense. Bill Research? Grammatically, the function of the ielts essay introduction dash is to cosby research, separate and connect phrases or clauses, not words, and I prefer to make that visually clear by putting spaces around the ielts dash.

Again, in my opinion the accepted usage is bill, a bug in the language. Dangling prepositions Officially, it is an error to persuasive essay grabber, end a sentence with a preposition, as in they arrived at the place they were heading to. Cosby Research? However, in practice it is often very difficult and services essay paper awkward to research paper, reword sentences to need to understand, avoid dangling prepositions. Research Paper? Thus I consider this rule to be optional at ielts essay introduction, best. Serial commas In Britain and cosby paper some other less-enlightened countries, the ib english comma is often omitted before an 'and' in a list. For instance, they will write of ham, chips and eggs, rather than ham, chips, and eggs. I consider this an appalling, confusing construction, because it meaninglessly groups the last two items in research paper the list together. Lists are generally meant to be collections of equals, so there should be just as many separators between chips and eggs as between ham and chips. Your Paper? In many cases, omitting the serial comma is ambiguous. Moreover, in the very rare case where adding the bill research paper comma is ambiguous, the sentence should be rewritten anyway.

Oxford University Press, at least, agrees with me; see the written assignment ib english Wikipedia serial comma entry. Again, this insistence on using appropriate syntax is probably driven by the computer programmer in me, but I think all right-thinking people should be offended whenever a serial comma is omitted. Commas after i.e. and e.g. Many grammar books state that a comma is always required after i.e. and cosby e.g. used in a sentence, as in sentences often contain spelling errors, i.e., words spelled incorrectly. The inspiration for essay introduction this rule is that such abbreviations should be mentally expanded to research, the English translation of the Latin phrase for which they stand (i.e. translating to that is, and e.g. translating to do we need other to understand sat essay, for example, which in itself is an bill, important distinction to know). However, these terms come up very often in formal writing, and in many cases I consider it inappropriate to add symbolic pauses (i.e. commas) around them. And Conclusion? Such pauses break up the bill research paper flow of the sentence, and modern readers treat the abbreviations just as they would any other word, without internally translating them to need other ourselves sat essay, Latin phrases and then English phrases.

Thus in many cases I prefer to omit the comma after the abbreviation, and paper sometimes also the written b one before it. Bill Research? Some people, even more pedantic than I, disagree. This document is in the public domain. You are free to copy it, redistribute it, modify it, or use it for any other non-fraudulent purpose. If redistributing a complete copy or a lengthy excerpt, please (1) retain this notice, (2) clearly mark the original author, and (3) clearly mark any changes that you make as your own and not those of the original author.

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Alice Munro Munro, Alice (Vol. Bill Paper? 10) - Essay. Munro, a Canadian short story writer and novelist, is known for her precise recording of personal experiences. Pay For? Her stories chart the search for personal freedom in bill paper nostalgically rural settings. (See also CLC , Vol. 6, and Contemporary Authors , Vols. 33-36, rev. ed.) Access our Alice Munro Study Guide for Free. Alice Munro … writes stories you have to call well-made.… They are journeymen's work. But they are no more than that, and by now … we ought to and conclusion demand that a volume of stories delivers the thrilling economy, the poetry which makes the form so valuable. Alice Munro's subject matter is ordinariness—disappointment, the passage of time—but she doesn't bring to cosby her stories what, say, John Updike or Tillie Olsen do: extraordinary language, a mind in love with the everyday but able to exalt it so that we feel the magic in what is usual. Most of the stories [in Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You] concern the past, hidden from others but told to us … and the stories do seem formulaic.

The book is filled with lots of information on who did what to whom, and when, and where, but there is little emotional tension arising from the events. Everything is thought out, decided upon. Most of the dialogue, even, seems there for the sake of information, not for its own sake. And much of the writing seems to be designed to win our love rather than stun us with character or prose…. When the narrative voice of the story doesn't use winsomeness as a strategy, it takes refuge in Art: I invented loving you and I invented your death. I have my tricks and my trap doors, too. I don't understand their workings at the present moment.

Such a dependency on our sense of the artful paradox of contemporary writing—while the paper, author permits herself to cease responsibility for her characters—is close kin to the childishness of I wouldn't have looked in her drawers, but a closet is cosby research paper open to anybody. That's a lie, I would have looked in assignment drawers, but I would have felt worse doing it and been more scared she would tell. In both cases, as in bill cosby most of civil 2013 paper, these stories, there is the kind of innocence of bill, tone that can make you grin, but the way you grin at someone else's charming child: already forgetting. (p. 54) Frederick Busch, in The New York Times Book Review (© 1974 by and hate The New York Times Company; reprinted by permission), October 27, 1974 . [In Alice Munro's vision there] are those of the world, of society, of the accepted norms, and those from the other country …, people such as Miss Marsalles [in the title story of bill cosby paper, The Dance of the Happy Shades ], whose innocence has made her, at love and hate in jamestown essay, the best, a fondly tolerated anachronism and, at the worst, a social embarrassment. Miss Marsalles, with [a] terrible faux pas , has placed herself in the same category as idiots, seniles, eccentrics, criminals, and the fatally ill, all of bill, whom are uncontrollable, unpredictable, and, therefore, painful, embarrassing, and plainly unacceptable by the world. (pp. 366-67) The prevalence … in Munro's work, of idiots, senile old people, suicides, the fatally ill, and that recurring image of the mother who is attacked by Parkinson's disease are guides to pay for research her controlling vision. Munro sees society and life as cruel and deforming. Those who appear to adapt or cope and survive are, in her eyes, more deformed in an internal, spiritual way, than those who are clearly retarded or maimed and unable to cosby enter the struggle. In some stories, the obviously defective people seem better off and freer than those who have found acceptance in a normal world. In most cases, they work as a symbol or externalization of the suffering and deformity of the apparently healthy and adjusted characters. They are also a deflecting release valve for do we other people to understand ourselves, the tension that builds up from the reader's sense of. (The entire section is bill research paper 507 words.) Get Free Access to this Alice Munro Study Guide.

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. [ Lives of pay for your paper, Girls and Women ] is not, the author says, autobiographical except in cosby form. In fact, in form it more closely resembles a series of short stories, and it is persuasive attention no surprise to see that the author won a Canadian award in this genre. Each chapter of Lives of bill research, Girls and ielts introduction, Women is virtually self-contained; characters who appear in more than one are nearly always reintroduced, however well we might reasonably be supposed to remember them. Yet each protagonist is bill cosby closely connected with the central family; Del Jordan, the pay for your research, daughter, is the narrator throughout and though she is not the heroine of every episode it is very much her story.

The first chapter, it is bill cosby true, is set at a decided angle to the main narrative line; its hero, Uncle Benny, appears only peripherally in love the later chapters—and his vicious mail-order bride never—but the effect is intriguing rather than confusing. The title is bill accurate, for the book presents not only the love, growing up of a girl, her relationships with her family and her approaches and eventual introduction to sexual experience, but also the histories of bill paper, her female contemporaries and older relatives, especially her mother. Ourselves? In other words, we are in Kinflicks country, but whereas Kinflicks tries, too hard for its artistic good, to be a, or even the, Great American Novel, Lives of Girls and Women obeys its own natural range and scope and is consequently much more successful. Bill Cosby Research? (The entire section is 421 words.) Get Free Access to this Alice Munro Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. [Alice Munro is] a writer who has quietly and firmly established herself over the past decade. In a very real sense, she occupies [two] fictional worlds: her fiction is rooted tangibly in the social realism of the rural and small town world of her own experience, but it insistently explores what lies beyond the bounds of empirical reality. Though she has said that she is your research paper very, very excited by what you might call the surface of life, the substance of bill, her fiction to ielts introduction and conclusion date suggests that this excitement must also derive in cosby paper part from her intuitive feeling that there is something else of significance just below that literal surface. This may be one reason why to attention date she has been more attracted to the short story than to the novel…. [That] more concentrated fictional form probably allows her to cosby research explore in a more imaginative and intense way the persuasive essay attention grabber, intangible aspects of her world: those shadowy and shifting areas between the bill cosby research paper, rational and the irrational, between the familiar, comfortable world and sudden dimensions of research paper, terror, and between various facets of uncertainty and illusion.

These metaphysical concerns find their aesthetic and formal complements in the structures of her fiction, where a similar illusory balance operates between the conventional fictional elements of plot and character on the one hand, and on the other, a kind of psychological or even psychic verification or resolution of a particular dilemma. Though emanating from a recognizable sociological reality, the situations that are characteristically depicted in her fiction frequently transcend the literal bounds of our conscious realizations, and leave us with a residual uncertainty, puzzlement, or even despair. (pp. 56-7) Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You … essentially picks up on the same themes and concerns as [Munro's] two earlier works, Dance of the research, Happy Shades and Lives of Girls and Women . In most of this fiction, Munro is the chronicler of persuasive essay, a particular region, that of south-western Ontario…. (pp. 57-8) Alice Munro's fiction could profitably be examined in bill cosby research paper terms of the themes of isolation and rejection, which unfold in situations where human relationships are rarely cemented or consummated…. [For example, in the short story The Peace of Utrecht, home], the past, family ties—forces which are conventionally interpreted as positive forces—are … dramatized as disturbing elements, and the narrator even defines home as a dim world of continuing disaster.… (p.

58) It is [the] intangible or irrational impulses between the protagonist and some other element—other characters, the past or childhood, a code of morality or behaviour—which give Munro's fiction its haunting and disturbing quality…. In Munro's first two books, the love, emphasis was on the youthful protagonist trying to research come to terms with the persuasive grabber, adult world, but in bill cosby her latest collection it is do we need other ourselves frequently the research paper, other way around: grandmothers trying to attention grabber understand granddaughters (Marrakesh), elderly sisters trying to make sense out of their common past (Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You), a sensitive old man just failing to come to terms with the younger generation around him (Walking on Water). Cosby Paper? (pp. Pay For Research? 61-2) [There is] an underlying element in Munro's fiction in. (The entire section is 1360 words.) Alice Munro Homework Help Questions. The first love is hard to get over especially when the bill, love is not reciprocated. Alice Munro’s “An Ounce of Cure” describes a teenager’s reaction to ielts essay and conclusion being dumped by her first. I'll stick with the short story Boys and Girls by Alice Munro. The story is narrated from the bill cosby paper, perspective of an 11 year old girl. Research? She lives on a ranch that breeds and raises foxes. Bill Research? The narrator. “An Ounce of Cure” by Alice Munro explores the theme of civil services 2013 essay, growing up in 1960s America as a teenage girl. Teenagers have choices to make as they become more independent from their parents and. I think that one of the strongest and most unifying themes that comes out of the novel is the idea of taking action.

Life is defined as the reality of needing to take action and not be inhibited. What happens when a girl gets dumped? This is the problem faced by the main character in Alice Munro’s “An Ounce of Cure.” The narration is first person point of view with the.

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Free Essays on Aboriginal Culture. Australian Aboriginal art, song and bill research dance has been the corner stone of culture since the essay attention grabber beginning of research paper their existence. Having no form of written language Aboriginal art, songs, and dances passed down through the generations have been the heartbeat that has kept this ancient culture alive. Even though. Did Male and Females Have Equal and written assignment ib english Complementary Roles in Traditional Aboriginal Society. the view that females and males had equal but complementary roles in traditional Aboriginal life.

The purpose of this report is to paper show that women and persuasive attention men shared many roles in Traditional Australian Aboriginal life. It is cosby paper acknowledged that men and women were given equal and complementary roles. Australian Aboriginal Culture before the arrival of the europeans. Aboriginals lived in Australia for about 40,000 years before European settlement began in 1788. Persuasive Essay Attention. During that time they developed an amazing culture all based on survival. They found all of their food from the land. They developed an amazing religion that is based on the fact that everything was created.

Australian Aboriginal Culture - Essay. Introduction Aboriginals or indigenous Australians are the native people of Australia. Aboriginals were nomadic people who came to Australia about 40,000 – 60,000 years ago from Southeast Asia. Cosby Research. Religion is a great part of assignment ib english Aboriginal culture . The essay answers these questions: What do Aboriginals belief? What. Why Did Forced Separation from the Land Have Such a Devastating Impact on Australian Aboriginal Culture? Essay Question: Why did forced separation from the cosby research paper land have such a devastating impact on persuasive essay attention, Australian Aboriginal culture ? For an estimated sixty thousand years Indigenous people lived, surviving off the land, in what is bill research paper now known as Australia. On January 26th 1788 the first British to. numbered treaties were signed between the Canadian government and the Natives living in the North West territories; in spite of your paper this, many of the aboriginals were never conferred with about the Indian act which was authorized in bill cosby 1876. However, many promises made, were often broken by the government, prejudice. the Federal Council for the Advancement of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders (FCAATSI),[4] and was involved in a number of other political organisations.

She was a key figure in the campaign for pay for your research paper the reform of the Australian constitution to allow Aboriginal people full citizenship, lobbying Prime Minister. undeveloped. One of cosby research these populations is aboriginal peoples, specifically aboriginal peoples living with HIV/AIDS in remote community Australia. In this presentation, central questions are: What are the introduction and conclusion risk factors faced by rural aboriginal peoples?, Are rural aboriginal people more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. Figure 1: Aboriginals on a Reserve 5 Figure 2: Aboriginal girls at home (photo 1936) Figure 3: Aboriginal girls living in civilised conditions 6 Figure 4: Forced Removal of children 8 Figure 5: Advertising little girls 8 Figure 6: Statistics why Aboriginal girls away (in. Aboriginal Society - Complex or Simple? historian Geoffrey Blainey states that the white man dismissed the research paper Aboriginals as “backward (primitive), and barbaric, and their lifestyle appeared haphazard, when really it has pattern and purpose.” Explore the Aboriginal culture and their adaption to the harsh Australian environment, evaluating. system is sometimes difficult for non- Aboriginal people to understand because everyone is related to one another; but it is a natural part of life for Aborigines, and the details of the kinship vary from tribe to tribe.

There are three main features of the Aboriginal social structure. The first part is. Write a Report Outlining Government Policies That Affected Aboriginal People. Aboriginals Australians have been treated maliciously since the White Europeans first claimed this land as ‘terra nullius’. They were killed for doing no wrong, and were treated with disdain for their way of life. The government seemed to care, and put policies in place but truthfully, these policies. Abstract The paper reveals that aboriginal peoples in ib english b the city in Canada live under terrible conditions.

The paper focuses on bill research, the aboriginal people in Winnipeg and explains their condition with a discussion of stereotypes. The paper also looks at the sociological perspective of conflict theory that. European Colinisation in Australia. dispossession of the land, exposure to research new diseases and involvement in violent conflict, resulted in the death of a vast number of the Aboriginal peoples. The small percentage of Aboriginal people who did not die during these early decades of the colony, were not unaffected. The impact of the cosby research white settlers changed. Some prefer Thai takeaways, dining out on perfect Italian pasta, or feast on essay, dumplings in Chinatown. Besides, Australia has the melting pot of cultures in the many colourful festivals such as the samba and capoeira at Bondi’s Brazilian South American festival.

There will also be people dancing behind. defines a religion. Bill. A religion may have the belief of one God (monotheistic), more than one God (polytheistic), spirits, angels demons, ancestors ( Aboriginals in particular) and many other beliefs. Beliefs are often about how earth and humans came into being and essay attention grabber there purpose of life and about the relationship. A Good Look at bill research paper Consumerism and Culture. POPULAR CULTURE POST MID TERM I PERSPECTIVES ON CULTURE CONSUMERISM [pic] CULTURAL STUDIES Associated with the Frankfurt School in the early decades of the twentieth century and the writings of the Birmingham Centre for Cultural Studies (begun in 1964). Both of these groups began to look at culture. Africa Though of many varied origins, African culture , especially Sub-Saharan African culture has been shaped by European colonialism, and is differentiated from North Africa from its lesser influence by Arab and pay for your Islamic culture . Africa is home to innumerable tribes, ethnic and social groups, some representing. belong- discuss how rainbows end portrays aboriginal treatment in the 1950’s. The aboriginal absorption into white society is a mark of the introduction of the assimilation policy, the bill research policy aimed to integrate aboriginals into white society. In integrating aboriginals into white society they learn how to.

Aboriginal Spirituality and Australian Catholicism. ? Aboriginal Spirituality and Australian Catholicism Introduction The indigenous Aboriginal people of Australia are known for their strong connections with nature and culture , which dates back over thousands of years. Need Other People Ourselves Sat Essay. The Catholic religion, another prominent culture in Australia, also has a rich history. every culture attain parenting techniques from their own parents, who in turn acquired from their parents and so on. Research Paper. When it comes to child rearing practices there are a multitude of styles to choose from. Many different cultures have a variety ways to do we raise children. The Australian Aboriginal community. action they made was because of the strong belief they had for their rights, culture and bill cosby research paper people. Pemulwuy, of the Eora tribe, was one of the first Aborigines to civil mains 2013 essay paper stand up for his land and people.

He strongly believed in his culture and fought for his rights as an indigenous Australian. Cosby. He fought against. ustralian Aboriginal music is said to be one of the oldest forms of music on earth, as old as 60,000 years old. It is an important part of the Indigenous Australian culture and is used by Aboriginal people to pass on, stories from the do we need people to understand ourselves sat essay dreamtime, myths and research paper family history from generation to generation. of the Aboriginal people in written assignment ib english Australian society/ culture and bill cosby research their confusion about where or what to belong to as their traditional customs are taken away/forgotten.

The text raises the issues and themes of other to understand ourselves ‘Belonging’ through a mostly-‘defeated’ tone as it shows their loss of tradition and culture in the. Should Prime Minister or Government Say Sorry to the Aboriginal People? the government say sorry to the aboriginal people? The Indigenous people of Australia have had a controversial place throughout Australian history. Bill Research. They have been a racial minority in society and have been the victims of essay cultural conflict. Australian Aboriginal culture is unique and complex. It existed. depend on the white people for help. We moved to the out skirts of the township. This was when I had to work for the troopers. I had to give up my culture and language just to be able to survive.

Even though my people were camped near the towns, they did not build structured buildings like the settlers. Gaita, Noonuccal, Jeunet - Belonging. through one’s relationship with the land, their culture and society. Bill. This is exemplified in the texts “Romulus My Father” composed by Raimond Gaita, the French film “Amelie” directed by Jean-Pierre Jeunet and the free versed poem “The Past” by essay and conclusion Aboriginal poet Oodgeroo Noonuccal. Bill Cosby Research. The biography “Romulus. experiences: • Some Aboriginal people found it easier to be/live on persuasive attention, these missions, rather than to live in the outside world, a place in which they were forced to face more racism, prejudice, a discrimination than actually being on the mission. Bill Cosby. It was like an escape. • Some Aboriginal people found that. will explain how the love and hate essay globalizing of the aboriginals may threaten the last strings attached to cosby Native American cultural revitalization. Aboriginal Cultural is an do we other people to understand sat essay integral part of bill our Canadian identity. Historically it has shaped and formed Aboriginal communities. With the digression away from.

ABORIGINALS , THEIR BACKGROUND, AND ALCOHOL. BY LETITIA WHILD. Traditionally, the Aboriginal family was a collaboration of clans composed of mothers, fathers, uncles, aunties, brothers, sisters, cousins, etc. Life prior to colonisation was simple, loving, and straightforward. It was a way of life. generations and the mass majority has known about the problem and yet, no solution has been made to help these individuals out. Persuasive Attention. Poverty within the aboriginal communities on the other hand is a topic that is recognized geographically however, ignored globally. Research. Little to nothing is known about the welfare. further than just love, she wrote poems expressing the issues that deal with the spiritual and cultural fracture. Her views of the disintegrating culture and the physical environment surrounding her world are portrayed through the various techniques. These elements of techniques are such as Wright’s.

1870’s to create residential schools for civil 2013 essay paper the Aboriginal children. - The reasons for bill cosby the residential school system were to assimilate, integrate, and assimilate Aboriginal people into Canadian society. Civil Mains 2013. - Residential schools were mandatory for all Aboriginal children in Canada and if parents didn’t send. ABORIGINALS AND THE LAND For a non aboriginal person, it is very hard for me to understand how vital the land is to cosby research the survival of the aboriginal culture . The Aboriginal people have a very close relationship with the land. Research Paper. They believe that he land was created by their ancestors for them and is. Studies of Religion Summaries - Post 1945 and Aboriginal. ?Holiday HW- A) Aboriginal spirituality and the dreaming Q1- Kinship is a complex system of belonging and responsibility within a clan based on family and totem relations that govern daily Aboriginal life by determining issues.

The dreaming has in itself prescribed the peoples kinship ties and permeates. ?History essay The Australian aboriginal people had been bullied and oppressed since the European’s settlement. Bill Cosby Research Paper. Their lives changed completely in the 18th and ielts essay 19th century. The European brought diseases to them. They had never been respected by the white people before 1970s.

They were not allowed. Research Paper On First Nations Social Issue. the saddest is the history of our First Nations people of Canada. The aboriginal peoples in cosby research paper North America were a relatively peaceful, self-sustaining community with many positive attributes, beliefs, religion, languages, and civil mains 2013 essay paper cultures . From the Kwakiutl in British Columbia, The Blackfoot in the Prairies. The Canadian Genocide Canada is a country that prides itself on being accepting of other cultures , peoples and religions. The Multiculturalism Act that passed in 1971 affirmed the fundamental belief that all citizens are equal. Cosby. That all citizens can keep their identities, take pride in their ancestry. Aboriginal Sexuality vs. Modern Sexuality Aborigines believe that the natural environment results from the other sexual potencies of cosby research paper metaphysical beings and that these potencies continue to vivify the creatures and processes of nature.

They also believe that the quality, variety, and intensity of human eroticism. Avatars' Na'vi vs Australian aboriginals. indigenous and the Na’vi people of the film Avatar. * Australian indigenous share Dreamtime stories based on the land of ielts and conclusion their people. In a specific Aboriginal Dreamtime story called the ‘Rainbow Serpent’ the Aboriginal’s appreciation and respect for their land is shown; the quote from the Dreamtime story. Aboriginal Spirituality - Smarts Seven Dimensions. Introduction The aboriginals have lived in bill research Australia for thousands of years. They had little outside contact until the do we need other people to understand ourselves sat essay British arrived two hundred years ago. The aboriginals have one of the oldest unchanged religions in the world.

They believe in cosby research paper the Dreaming and respect the environment around them. people in combination with the people to understand sat essay natural landscape of geography. Many of the great stories which can be told about the country’s history, heritage, and culture are set behind the backdrop of bill cosby research paper giant settings such as the Canadian Shield, the your Atlantic Coast, the Rocky Mountains, the Arctic, but not all of Canada’s. The Europeans have felt it has been their right to cosby paper interfere with Aboriginal people, since the essay grabber time they arrived. Edwards and Read (1989) inform us of how children were removed from bill cosby research their families in order to create a class of Aboriginals , who were useful and civilised. It is estimated that 300 children. An Artist's Representation of essay attention Their World. aspects of the world; culture , the environment, society and politics as themes of their artworks, which shows that an artists world is represented in their artwork. The world around John Coburn is the main influence behind his artworks, as he represents the aboriginal culture in research his paintings. Coburn. Australian Indigenous Perspective in Voc Ed.

changing from when Governor Macquarie introduced regulations to limit and control the movements of Aboriginal people in 1816 (Reconciliation Network, 2007). Ielts Introduction And Conclusion. In New South Wales (NSW) in 1982 the first Aboriginal Education Policy was introduced and then updated in research paper 1995 with a further focus on more positive. How Does Consumerism Affect Religion and 2013 Spirituality? or spiritual products for other consumers to buy. Miller (2004) contends that consumer culture has influenced all areas of our lives, including our approach to, and practice of, religion. Cosby. Undeniably, the culture of consumption reduces all things religious – beliefs, values and symbols – into mere objects. A Reflection and Comparative Analysis of the Australian Aboriginals and the Chinese Culture. A REFLECTION AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINALS AND THE CHINESE CULTURE In our society, having good understanding of the different cultural value, rules and beliefs will enable us to love in jamestown effectively analyse situations in both an everyday or business sense. I will be comparing the similarities.

The Australian Aboriginal kinship system has a large impact on how the culture behaves beginning with their creation stories and then onto how children are raised, children entering adulthood, and relationships that are taught. These examples of kinships can differ from culture to culture especially in. SOR DOT POINTS 1. Contemporary Aboriginal Spirituality * Discuss how Aboriginal Spirituality is determined by the Dreaming. * The Dreaming is a term referring to Aboriginal spiritual beliefs about creation and existence. * According to bill research Aboriginal belief, all life as it is today - human. Understanding the Conflicts Between. REPORT ON MASSACRES The European invasion of attention grabber Australia in 1780 impacted on the lives of all the Aboriginal people that lived in and around the invaded areas. The peaceful way of bill cosby research life of the Aboriginal people soon turned into civil mains paper a life of war, dispossession, displacement and massacres. Cosby Paper. There were many. he put more emphasis on attention, the residential schools which are the religious schools supported by government in order to assimilate aboriginal children into Euro-Canadian culture and cosby research these kinds of residential schools were not closed until 1996. Therefore, this article was mainly talking about the negative. Health Sciences Cover Sheet for Assignments Student Name: SHANNON KENNEDY Student Number: 15484246 Unit Name: Indigenous Culture and Health – ICH130 Assignment: Reflective Journal Tutor: DENISE BROWN Date Due: October 10th, 2011, 4:00 p.m. . Aboriginal Culture Australian Aboriginal culture includes a number of practices and ceremonies centered on a belief in the Dreamtime. Reverence for the land and oral traditions are emphasised.

Language groupings and tribal divisions exhibit a range of individual cultures . Australian Aboriginal. Sal, as they claim an area already occupied by the Aboriginal people. As they continue to live on attention, the Hawkesbury River in Australia, discontent grows between the two groups. As Thornhill’s neighbors seem to have hateful feelings towards the paper Aboriginal people, it all leads to love in jamestown essay a major event in the book. kinship system is the social relationships that constitute the bill cosby family connection by blood, marriage, or adoption; family relationship in a particular culture , according to Websters Dictionary. The Australian Aborigines kinship system determines how people interact with each other and it also determines. Heritage Tourism and Indigenous Tourism in Australia.

Culture tourism is attracting more and pay for your paper more interests and concerns in cosby paper the world. Many researchers have different opinions about the definition of culture tourism. Australia, being a cultural state, develops its cultural development rapidly by heritage and indigenous culture . Therefore, this essay is. on the services essay health status of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander people. Bill Cosby Research Paper. There are different factors that impact their health for example social factors and health problems, in the community some of the people fail to civil 2013 essay seek medical attention due to cosby research paper difference in beliefs and culture . This has made majority.

is bitter and services 2013 essay paper distressed, because she has found something that makes her different from the Aboriginal people, a sense of isolation or disconnection, discordance to the identity as one of the bill cosby research indigenous culture . “feel like my own people, own back yard.” “more like family” “We felt protected and safe”. poem mournfully reflects upon the disappearance of traditional Aboriginal ways and the white people’s oppression of the Aboriginal people. Noounccal uses a variety of language and poetic techniques to convey the culture of the Aboriginal experience of 2013 essay modern Australia. The use of the simile “white men. complex belief in creation, spirits and culture , that gives a definite distinctiveness from any other religion in the world.

Thousands of years ago, Australian Aboriginal people were living in accordance with their dreamtime beliefs- today, a majority of the Aboriginal community profess allegiance to Christianity.

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