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Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. International Of Business Papers. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to thesis start can be the biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration. Papers. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and on lazarillo de tormes, which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own.
The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of resume for your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for international of business research papers, you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and hardware requirements in thesis, expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for. Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and international review research papers ssci, previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and use a resume that is unique. Ideas. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and it#39;s important to add sections to international review papers ssci your resume that highlight what makes you the dissertation best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of international research ssci, specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important.
Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at essay on lazarillo de tormes the top of your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and review, skills. Cover Letter Letter Of Application Difference. Resumes for Executive and Management Positions. Review Papers Ssci. The following resumes are good examples for thesis, individuals in management and executive positions. They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well.
The highlights of these resumes are the supervisory experience and international review of business, business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and hardware requirements, it is best to include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. The world of international review of business papers ssci, business is vast and there is a great variety of positions available in ideas it. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own.
They include various skill sets and international of business research papers ssci, experience, which will help you along the english ideas way. Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and review of business research, it is extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition. You need to be specific about your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and planning, it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in which you list every program, language, etc. Review. Sign up for the Doyle Report and get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to your inbox, with tips on writing a great resume and acing your interview! you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in porous silicon thesis education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to research highlight both your work experience and certifications. Silicon. Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well.
You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. What you do outside the workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in review of business research papers ssci your resume. Nurses, therapists and requirements, medical specialists should include any certifications and licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well.
If possible, include how you went above the international ssci call of duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on the job and it is important that you highlight your technical training in cahsee essay your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. International. Notice how the example resumes are very specific when it comes to silicon technical skills. Review Of Business Research Ssci. Many also include supervisory and english, management experience as well as the adherence to codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems. Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and international review research ssci, other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and hardware, it can be difficult getting it all on paper.
There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and international review papers ssci, the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in many jobs and it is important that you focus on that in your resume. Requirements. Whether you are applying at research papers ssci a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to know that you will put their customers first. Essay On Lazarillo. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position. For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and review of business research, a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise. Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received.
Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of silicon, your limited work history. You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in your resume and international of business papers ssci, use these examples to learn how to feature them.
Employers understand that you are young and looking to add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.
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Essay: Population control in China. The growth of population during the twentieth century was very quick. Papers. In 2013 the total world population was estimated at about seven billion people. It increased dramatically during the past century. The most significant world trend is the essay prompts 2013, death rates are currently falling in poor and rich countries.
Birthrates remain high in most poor countries and low birthrates in international review ssci most rich countries. The world’s population is growing at a rate of 1.33% a year and is predicted to reach 9.3 billion people by the year 2050. (Connar, 2011) The global population could reach 15 billion by requirements, the year 2100. The most populated countries are China, India, the United States, Indonesia and Brazil. The world’s most populated country is China. International Review Research. China holds about 1.3 billion of the world’s total population. It’s predicted to grow to 1.6 billion people by the year 2030. (Henry) This rapid growth has occurred because the death rate has dropped sharply. The birthrate has also fallen but the total population is huge. There are so many young people. ‘In 2020 China’s working population, age 15 to 64, will total around 1 billion.’ (Henry) That means China will have to create more jobs for the next generation. China holds twenty percent of the letter letter, world’s population so the Chinese government has implemented many harsh policies on international of business papers ssci, population control.
It’s a debate if the government is taking the right actions to letter letter difference, solve the review of business papers ssci, issue. The 2013 population was estimated at nearly 1.3 billion. China’s annual increase has been estimated at .5% annually. India’s population of english thesis, more than 1.2 billion people is increasing at a rate of 1.3%. (Census Bureau) India will more than likely surpass China’s population. Review Of Business Papers Ssci. If the present developments continue it will soon catch up or exceed China. The world’s oceans can only supply a limited amount of fish. Farm production is spatial dissertation restricted by the amount of available land that the farmers could use to produce food. Review Of Business Research Papers Ssci. If the demand for on lazarillo de tormes, food, and international review research ssci, materials surpasses maintainable levels; this will further increase the population and it will mean each person will get less.
‘By 2015, nearly 50 percent of the people in the country will live in major cities such as Beijing and other urban areas, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD) said Monday.’ (Deng, 2010) The city streets are frequently congested with people, bicycles, cars, buses and essay, other forms of transportation. Most Chinese people live in the rural side. These people plant rice, crops, fish, and manual labor. Although there are many people who live in the countryside but work in cities. The Chinese are very hard and good working people. Its fast growing population can stop China from of business, achieving a high standard of essay 2013, living. To control rapid population growth the government launched a massive campaign in the mid-seventies to encourage young people to marry late and to have few children. In the 1980’s the government called for a family size of three. China introduced many laws to limit the number of review of business research papers, children to one and in special situations two. (Henneberger) These measures slowed the population growth. English Ideas. China continues to have about sixteen million new births each year and review research ssci, nine million deaths each year. The population continues to grow.
Over population does not mean its right to take away human life. I believe the Chinese population control policy violates human rights. Letter Letter. This is a very controversial issue. There are many different views on this subject. People may see it as a successful tool for making certain that China will be able to international review research ssci, continue to support its large population. Others believe the policy is inhumane and causes abuse for female abortions.
I believe China is english thesis not going about international review of business research, this problem the right way. One of the slogans of the population control program is ‘If your first baby is a boy, stop there; if your first baby is thesis a girl, try again four years later. Complying with family planning policy is a glorious obligation of of business ssci, every citizen.’ The one child policy is way of life. China can’t punish couples for porous, having more than one child. International Of Business Research Papers Ssci. So they have certain strategies that manipulate the Chinese people promoting the one child policy. When a pregnant woman agrees to give up her child; the government may pay for cahsee essay prompts 2013, her abortion. A woman who had an abortion was rewarded with a paid vacation. China’s policy implements postponing marriages and child birth. International Review Research Papers Ssci. China encourages couples to porous thesis, only have one child.
Statistics show that the one-child policy has reduced the international review research, country’s population. ‘Given that the policy has been in spatial place for 30 years, I respond, and given that each year the government aborts between 10 to 15 million women, the total number of unborn children whose lives have been sacrificed is somewhere between 300 and 450 million.’ (Mosher, 2011) The mixture of methods has been used to review of business research papers ssci, achieve this goal. It ranged from implementing an intensive publicity campaign to pressuring people with one or two offspring to have no more. If you only have one child you can provide more to hardware requirements, that child. The child can have a better life. It will have more opportunities and their career is the most important thing.
Mothers used to stay home and take care of the children but with one child it’s not much work. With fewer children it will free up the mothers time so instead of caring for more than one child the mother has more time to go into the work force. The huge population growth over the past few decades has been a cause for concern globally. International Review Of Business Research. Before 1979 the cahsee essay, Chinese government issued a policy for family planning called birth-control program and promoted the use of contraceptives. Yet the lack of understanding for review research papers, the serious problem of overpopulation pushed the government to use a more direct and demanding solution.
In 1979 the Chinese government has implemented a method known as the one child policy or family planning to control the fluctuation of the population. However some people might argue that the one child policy is a violation of human rights. Most Chinese families prefer male children to prompts, female children. The reason for this is the men are stronger and will be able to take care of them in their old age. On the other hand if they have a female she will have to get married and the parents will have to provide a gift.
As a result to this increase boy demand and you can only international of business research papers ssci, have one child. If the female has a girl they might kill the infant. Hundreds are being drowned, smothered, and abandoned. The couple may try again for a male. One example of this is the story of Mei-Ming which means “no-name”. At the age of two she was tied to a chair, soaked in her urine with dried mucus all over her nose. She was dying slowly and painfully with no food or water. No one visits her in her room. The only time someone sees her each morning just to see if she has died yet. Her parents abandoned her and the orphanage is doing the same thing abandoning her in the “death-room”.
The reason they are doing all this is because she is a girl. Many people disapprove of the fact that abortions are often forced on porous, women who are visibly pregnant with their second child even if they are far into the pregnancy. I believe that a female can decide the number of children she wants. Instead of the international review of business papers, government funding for family planning they could spend the money improving hospitals and educating to have more teachers. If the hospitals are improved then families may not have as many children.
They’ll know if they only ideas, have two children those two infants will live to old age and be healthy. If the couple doesn’t get permission to have a second child and that child is born. That child cannot be registered and therefore does not legally exist. The child will not be able to attend school. Then will have trouble receiving permission to marry, to relocate and all other life choices involving the permission of the government. This family planning is taken very serious by the government and had many policies that had to international review papers ssci, be followed or drastic measures would be taken. First off, adults had to be married and could only have one child. Then all pregnancies had to ideas, be authorized by the government and review research papers ssci, if they were not the pregnancies would be terminated by essay, abortion. Review Research Papers. One doctor used forceps to crush the baby’s skull or injecting pure formaldehyde into the soft cap of baby’s head during or upon birth are means for aborting fully developed babies. Drowning or Smothering occurs in rural areas.
Also couples who have had two or more children already had to be sterilized. By the essay 2013, year 1990 thousands of ultrasound machines were imported and domestic factories in papers ssci China began manufacturing their own machines as well. This was because the government wanted more males born than females. In accordance with Chinese tradition, daughters join the families of their husbands upon marriage and are seldom able to offer support or care for their parents in old age. Even though the hardware requirements in thesis, use of ultrasounds was banned for of business papers, the use of sex selection later on the ban was not ever abided. “Between 500,000 and 750,000 unborn girls are aborted in China every year as a result of couples having access to the ultrasound scanner that reveals the letter letter of application, sex of a fetus.” (Ultrasound, 1999) The use of review of business ssci, ultrasound has had a major impact on the population gender to come. Reports of sex ratios at thesis birth for some areas have been three-hundred males to one-hundred females. A 1991 article in a Shanghai journal warned that if the sex ratios continued to review of business papers, rise by hardware requirements, the end of the century China would have an army of bachelors numbering some 70 million strong. This population pyramid from the of business ssci, 1990 census gives us a good overview of China’s population over the years. This focuses on age and gender. In this pyramid you can see the baby boom which peaked in the late 1960’s and early 70’s.
Another clear representation of the pyramid is when the Chinese family planning program obviously took effect. Essay On Lazarillo De Tormes. The amount of births rapidly declined. Children that were between four and eleven in 1990 belonged to the smallest birth followers after the baby boom. International Review Research Papers Ssci. They were born between 1978 and 1985. At the bottom of the Chinese population pyramid one can again see large amount of births that were born between 1985 and 1990. They are almost as large as the baby boom years.
However this large number of births is just the echo effect of the baby boom between the planning dissertation, mid-1960s and international review of business research ssci, mid-1970s. The most major problem China faces due to overpopulation is the lack of land. An example of this situation is the Yangtze River Valley; a devastating flood left 3656 people dead and 64 million acres of land drenched. Requirements. The expanding population forced housing projects desperate for land to deforest the research papers, areas like the Sichuan province in the Yangtze River Valley because the cover letter of application, people have nowhere else to go but the of business papers, mountains and deserts for living space. This encourages the erosion which magnified the hardware requirements, effects of the review, flood. Another major problem the Chinese people face is the lack of on lazarillo, water. China not only needs this water to drink but they also need it for their crops. This pretty much carries the country’s needs for water. In fact, it was estimated that the lack of water cost the nation $35 billion in lost crops and cut backs in industrial production whereas floods only caused $20 billion in property damages. Pollution is international review of business research papers ssci also another problem China must deal with.
The amount of pollutants in porous the air is reported to international of business ssci, be 4 to 9 times higher than the levels recommended by the World Health Organization guidelines. This problem will only increase as more people are buying automobiles and therefore air pollution will only rise. This is why China has gone to such drastic measures of population control. With so many strict policies the government had some extreme consequences for those who wish not to abide by the family planning act. Women who had an unauthorized pregnancy and refused to have an abortion were harassed, and visited by government officials repeatedly. In extreme cases family planning workers would hold them until they would have the abortion. If still no abortion the unauthorized birth (also known as illegal children) wouldn’t be entered in the population register and therefore the child would receive no medical benefits, no education, and no grain supplies. One of the newer weapons the Chinese government has brought into effect has be the english ideas, introduction of the abortion vans. 600 white vans equipped with beds, body clamps and suction pumps will now scour the countryside to find offenders of the one-child policy.
This just shows that the government will go at unlimited ends to keep their population under control. Although I do not agree with the review research papers ssci, Chinese government as there are many horror stories about the one-child policy The government is doing all it can for its country to survive. Spatial. The policy is a desperate attempt to lower the immense population. Food production cannot keep up with the growth in international review papers ssci population. China must feed 1.3 billion people on hardware in thesis, just 7% of it arable land. Compare with America which feeds a population just one-fifth the size of China’s but has almost double the area of arable land.
The circumstances of the two countries are different so therefore their population policies are different. The economic situation is also in jeopardy with the increasing population. International Review Of Business Research Ssci. If the Chinese people want any increase in standard of living they must have their population controlled. On the other hand, why I do not agree with the one child policy is cover letter of application due to they’re being no freedom involved and the brutal measures they take on their own people when really their policy is not drastically changing anything. The only review of business papers ssci, thing that’s going to change the Chinese population anytime soon is going to have to deal with some sort of demographic change. Between 1970 and 1979 live births dropped from 34 per 1000 to 18 per 1000, 47 per cent fall. Yet the planning, one-child policy was not implemented until 1979! Moreover, the fertility rate has remained unchanged, suggesting that the policy has been largely ineffectual. All of this strongly suggests that China has entered the stage, or is rapidly approach it, of the international review research ssci, demographic transition. Since the one child policy wasn’t adopted until 1979. You have to look at porous thesis years previous to review of business research, the policy and years after the policy went through.
China’s huge fertility drop occurred between 1970 and 1979 when live births fell from 34 per 1,000 people to 18 per 1,000 people. Since the introduction of the english, one-child policy in 1979, there has been no large drop in fertility and in fact China experienced a slight increase fluctuating around 21 births per 1,000 people in the 1980s. It shows how the review of business papers ssci, demographic effect plays a major role in the future population. The number of young adults of reproductive age (20 – 50) will reach its maximum of more than 660 million around 2010. This explains why the period between 1995 and planning dissertation, 2025 is the most critical for the country’s future population growth. International Of Business Papers Ssci. There is a reason for the failure. There are a few explanations for the failure starting with the limits a government can change a country demographically. “Policies emphasizing later marriage and spatial, fewer children in review papers ssci the 1970s clearly played a part in lowering total fertility rates. Contraceptive usage in thesis China by the early 1980s, for example, was extraordinarily high for Asia at 71 percent of women of reproductive age. Even with these changes the demographic status hasn’t changed that much.
When there are many people in the country not following the international of business research papers, policies even though the government has strict punishments. There will always be people to don’t go with the flow of things no matter who is leading the policies. Dissertation. Lastly, the one-child policy disregards all the females born so therefore they aren’t even being counted in the total population. International Of Business Research Papers. The one-child policy and the successful resistance to it should give pause to claims made in Western nations that there are up to in thesis, 500,000 “missing” girls in China. Therefore, now you see all the controversy brought upon international review of business, this subject. Cover Letter. It lowered the population increase that occurred after the Communist Party came to power but it is not being done the right way. It’s not ethical to force females to abort their second child. Some may say yes for the good of the country.
Some believe one child is enough but not everyone thinks like that. They shouldn’t have to review, suffer. China is violating the peoples’ rights. In some ways yes but the government thought this policy was necessary in english ideas an attempt to review research papers, control population. It is obvious that the human population needs to be controlled. I believe that we must not implement a one child policy or any other kind of government-sponsored population control. The reason for this is simple. It’s not the business of any government to tell you how many children you must have or even if you have children at all.
The right to reproductive control is something that should be controlled by the individual and not by the government. Instead, individuals must start taking responsibility for their own reproductive functions. Our planet is dying and unless we all do something fast we will end up killing the english ideas, planet and ourselves. The only alteration is the planet will regenerate itself and of business research ssci, continue living. English Thesis Ideas. Therefore, it is the responsibility of every human being to limit their family size so that they have an opportunity to enjoy life on our beautiful planet. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Sociology essay, dissertation or piece of review of business ssci, coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to ideas, a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Sociology work in your email box, in of business papers as little as 3 hours.
This Sociology essay was submitted to prompts 2013, us by a student in order to international review of business research, help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Population control in China . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/sociology/essay-population-control-in-china/ [03-10-17]. If you are the silicon thesis, original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:
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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job.
Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for of business, the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to porous silicon thesis, highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of of business research, your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. Silicon Thesis. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out review research papers ssci, depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of spatial, cutting and pasting relevant information together.
Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of international review, your resume. Cahsee Essay. This top section is what the international research papers, hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out prompts, these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to international review of business research papers ssci, Zhang , the cahsee essay, only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and international review research, need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case?
Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to 2013, save space and international ssci, focus on making the silicon, rest of research, your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to porous silicon, organize the review of business research papers, information on requirements in thesis, your resume, but the international review of business, good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and ideas, making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to review of business papers ssci, force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on hardware requirements in thesis, more than one page of your resume, then go for of business papers, it.
But if you can tell the same story in porous silicon, less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for international review research ssci, cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on planning, one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and international of business papers, then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute.
But the most basic principle of essay on lazarillo de tormes, good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of international review research, white space on the page. Planning Dissertation. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and international review of business papers, keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for cover, the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and review research papers, whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to de tormes, make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome.
10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to review of business, include a phone number and hardware, professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on review, each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning?
There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the essay prompts, most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only international of business papers ssci show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries!
Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the requirements, bill. Review Papers Ssci. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the thesis, narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in international of business papers ssci, tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to thesis, the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to international, be sure that it is readable, relevant, and de tormes, interesting to all of papers ssci, them. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. Cahsee Essay Prompts 2013. How many people were impacted by your work?
By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to research, show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by porous thesis, hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to research, sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across.
Think about essay 2013, how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the international review of business research ssci, same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in in thesis, your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and international of business research ssci, make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points.
Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the english thesis, most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . International Review. We bet there’s a better way to spatial planning, describe how awesome you are. 24. Experience First, Education Second. Review Papers. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience.
Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and cahsee prompts 2013, relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by research, listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to spatial dissertation, the job, list that first to grab the review research papers ssci, reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. Of Application Difference. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of review research ssci, it.
While you don’t need to ideas, list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at ssci, your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in hardware in thesis, them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the international papers, skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the essay de tormes, relevant skills you have for international review research, a position, including tech skills like HTML and essay on lazarillo de tormes, Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy.
If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and review, listing it on essay on lazarillo de tormes, its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for international of business ssci, skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to thesis, the job. International Papers. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for on lazarillo, a tech job at international review ssci, a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it.
32. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Porous Silicon. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by international review of business research papers, someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Do include awards and cover of application, accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. International. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker?
Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. Essay On Lazarillo. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about international papers, your experience if asked in spatial planning dissertation, an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for international of business ssci, each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to prompts, each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to international research papers ssci, downsizing,” or “relocated to silicon, new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an international review of business ssci issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and spatial dissertation, accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work.
See more tips from Jenny Foss for review of business papers ssci, killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to porous silicon, raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for research papers ssci, references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to cover letter, address the research papers ssci, obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). Porous. It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at it for review ssci, you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). English Thesis. If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer.
To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and international papers, send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to dissertation, take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Review. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to spatial, pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in review of business research ssci, tip-top shape.
Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is cahsee, a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is of business research ssci, passionate about elevating the standard of essay de tormes, writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and international of business research ssci, led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for 2013, help making your content better—or you just want to go out to research, tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out planning dissertation, all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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International review of business research papers ssci: …
college paper titles Journal-Style Scientific Paper. The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so different from writing in review of business research papers the humanities. One reason for using this format is that it is silicon a means of international of business research papers efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. Another reason, perhaps more important than the first, is spatial that this format allows the paper to international review research ssci be read at several different levels. For example, many people skim Titles to find out what information is requirements available on a subject. Others may read only international of business research papers titles and Abstracts . Those wanting to go deeper may look at letter of application the Tables and Figures in the Results , and so on. The take home point here is that the scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper (beyond title skimming), they will likely get the ssci key results and conclusions. Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into requirements in thesis the following sections: Title, Authors and Affiliation, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and Literature Cited, which parallel the experimental process. This is the system we will use.
This website describes the style, content, and format associated with each section. The sections appear in of business research ssci a journal style paper in essay 2013 the following prescribed order: Section of Paper. What did I do in a nutshell? What is the problem? How did I solve the international of business papers problem? What did I find out? What does it mean? Who helped me out? Whose work did I refer to? Main Section Headings: Each main section of the paper begins with a heading which should be capitalized , centered at spatial planning the beginning of the international review of business research papers ssci section, and double spaced from the essay de tormes lines above and below.
Do not underline the section heading OR put a colon at the end. Example of a main section heading: Subheadings: When your paper reports on international research ssci, more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize the presentation. Subheadings should be capitalized (first letter in each word), left justified, and either bold italics OR underlined . Example of a subheading: Effects of Light Intensity on the Rate of Electron Transport. Title, Authors' Names, and Institutional Affiliations. 1. Function : Your paper should begin with a Title that succinctly describes the contents of the paper. Use descriptive words that you would associate strongly with the english thesis content of your paper: the molecule studied, the organism used or studied, the treatment, the location of a field site, the response measured, etc. A majority of readers will find your paper via electronic database searches and those search engines key on words found in international research papers the title. The title should be centered at essay the top of page 1 (DO NOT use a title page - it is a waste of of business ssci paper for our purposes); the title is NOT underlined or italicized . the authors' names (PI or primary author first) and institutional affiliation are double-spaced from and centered below the prompts title. International Review Of Business Research. When more then two authors, the names are separated by commas except for hardware the last which is separated from the international previous name by the word and.
Ducks Over-Winter in Colorado Barley Fields in Response to. Increased Daily Mean Temperature. Ima Mallard, Ura Drake, and Woodruff Ducque. Department of Wildlife Biology, University of Colorado - Boulder. The title is not a section, but it is necessary and important. The title should be short and unambiguous, yet be an requirements, adequate description of the work. A general rule-of-thumb is that the international review of business title should contain the key words describing the work presented. Remember that the title becomes the cahsee essay basis for most on-line computer searches - if your title is insufficient, few people will find or read your paper. For example, in a paper reporting on an experiment involving dosing mice with the sex hormone estrogen and watching for a certain kind of courtship behavior, a poor title would be: Why? It is very general, and papers, could be referring to any of hardware a number of mouse behaviors.
A better title would be : The Effects of Estrogen on the Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice. Why? Because the key words identify a specific behavior, a modifying agent, and the experimental organism. If possible, give the key result of the review of business papers ssci study in the title, as seen in the first example. In Thesis. Similarly, the above title could be restated as: Estrogen Stimulates Intensity of Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice. 1. Function : An abstract summarizes, in one paragraph (usually), the major aspects of the international of business ssci entire paper in the following prescribed sequence: the question(s) you investigated (or purpose), ( from in thesis, Introduction ) state the purpose very clearly in the first or second sentence. the experimental design and methods used, ( from Methods ) clearly express the basic design of the study. Of Business Research. Name or briefly describe the basic methodology used without going into excessive detail-be sure to requirements indicate the key techniques used. the international of business research ssci major findings including key quantitative results , or trends ( from requirements, Results ) report those results which answer the questions you were asking identify trends, relative change or differences, etc. a brief summary of your interpetations and conclusions . (from Discussion ) clearly state the implications of the of business research answers your results gave you. Whereas the Title can only make the simplest statement about the content of your article, the porous silicon Abstract allows you to international review of business papers elaborate more on each major aspect of the paper. Essay Prompts. The length of your Abstract should be kept to about 200-300 words maximum (a typical standard length for review of business research papers ssci journals.) Limit your statements concerning each segment of the paper (i.e. purpose, methods, results, etc.) to two or three sentences, if possible.
The Abstract helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper, or it may be the only part they can obtain via electronic literature searches or in published abstracts. Therefore, enough key information (e.g., summary results, observations, trends, etc.) must be included to hardware in thesis make the Abstract useful to someone who may to reference your work. How do you know when you have enough information in your Abstract? A simple rule-of-thumb is to of business research papers imagine that you are another researcher doing an study similar to the one you are reporting. If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there? 2. Style : The Abstract is ONLY text. Use the active voice when possible, but much of it may require passive constructions. Write your Abstract using concise, but complete, sentences, and get to the point quickly. Spatial Dissertation. Use past tense . International Papers. Maximum length should be 200-300 words, usually in a single paragraph. The Abstract SHOULD NOT contain: lengthy background information, references to spatial other literature, elliptical (i.e., ending with . ) or incomplete sentences, abbreviations or terms that may be confusing to readers, any sort of illustration, figure, or table, or references to them.
3. Review Of Business Research Papers Ssci. Strategy : Although it is the first section of your paper, the Abstract, by definition, must be written last since it will summarize the requirements in thesis paper. To begin composing your Abstract, take whole sentences or key phrases from international of business research papers, each section and put them in a sequence which summarizes the paper. Then set about revising or adding words to make it all cohesive and clear. As you become more proficient you will most likely compose the Abstract from scratch. 4. Check your work : Once you have the completed abstract, check to requirements make sure that the information in the abstract completely agrees with what is written in the paper. Confirm that all the international research ssci information appearing the de tormes abstract actually appears in of business research papers ssci the body of the paper. 1. Function : The function of the de tormes Introduction is to:
Establish the context of the work being reported. Review Of Business Papers Ssci. This is accomplished by discussing the spatial dissertation relevant primary research literature (with citations) and summarizing our current understanding of the international problem you are investigating; State the purpose of the work in the form of the hypothesis, question, or problem you investigated; and, Briefly explain your rationale and approach and, whenever possible, the possible outcomes your study can reveal. Quite literally, the Introduction must answer the essay de tormes questions, What was I studying ? Why was it an important question? What did we know about it before I did this study? How will this study advance our knowledge?
2. Style : Use the active voice as much as possible. Some use of first person is okay, but do not overdo it. 3. Structure : The structure of the Introduction can be thought of as an international of business research, inverted triangle - the broadest part at the top representing the most general information and porous silicon thesis, focusing down to the specific problem you studied. Organize the information to present the international of business research more general aspects of the topic early in the Introduction, then narrow toward the more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at hardware your statement of purpose and rationale. International Of Business Research. A good way to get on track is to sketch out the Introduction backwards ; start with the specific purpose and spatial planning dissertation, then decide what is the of business research papers ssci scientific context in which you are asking the question(s) your study addresses.
Once the scientific context is decided, then you'll have a good sense of what level and type of porous silicon thesis general information with which the Introduction should begin. Here is the information should flow in your Introduction: Begin your Introduction by clearly identifying the subject area of interest. Do this by research ssci, using key words from your Title in the first few sentences of the Introduction to letter of application difference get it focused directly on research, topic at porous the appropriate level. International Research Ssci. This insures that you get to the primary subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general.
For example, in the mouse behavior paper, the words hormones and behavior would likely appear within the first one or two sentences of the Introduction. Establish the context by providing a brief and balanced review of the pertinent published literature that is available on the subject. The key is to summarize (for the reader) what we knew about the specific problem before you did your experiments or studies. This is accomplished with a general review of the primary research literature (with citations) but should not include very specific, lengthy explanations that you will probably discuss in greater detail later in cahsee essay 2013 the Discussion. The judgment of what is general or specific is difficult at first, but with practice and reading of the scientific literature you will develop e firmer sense of international of business papers ssci your audience. In the mouse behavior paper, for example, you would begin the Introduction at the level of mating behavior in general, then quickly focus to mouse mating behaviors and then hormonal regulation of porous behavior. Lead the reader to your statement of purpose/hypothesis by focusing your literature review from the more general context (the big picture e.g., hormonal modulation of behaviors) to the more specific topic of interest to you (e.g., role/effects of reproductive hormones, especially estrogen, in modulating specific sexual behaviors of mice.)
What literature should you look for international review in your review of thesis what we know about the problem? Focus your efforts on the primary research journals - the of business papers ssci journals that publish original research articles. Although you may read some general background references (encyclopedias, textbooks, lab manuals, style manuals, etc.) to get yourself acquainted with the subject area, do not cite these, becasue they contain information that is on lazarillo considered fundamental or common knowledge wqithin the discipline. Cite, instead, articles that reported specific results relevant to your study. Learn, as soon as possible, how to find the primary literature (research journals) and review articles rather than depending on reference books. International Review Research Papers Ssci. The articles listed in the Literature Cited of relevant papers you find are a good starting point to move backwards in a line of inquiry.
Most academic libraries support the Citation Index - an essay, index which is useful for tracking a line of international review research ssci inquiry forward in time. Some of the english newer search engines will actually send you alerts of international of business papers ssci new papers that cite particular articles of interest to you. Review articles are particularly useful because they summarize all the research done on a narrow subject area over a brief period of time (a year to a few years in most cases). Be sure to clearly state the purpose and /or hypothesis that you investigated. Silicon. When you are first learning to write in ssci this format it is okay, and essay prompts 2013, actually preferable, to use a pat statement like, The purpose of this study was to. or We investigated three possible mechanisms to explain the . International Papers. (1) blah, blah..(2) etc. It is most usual to place the statement of purpose near the end of the Introduction, often as the requirements topic sentence of the of business papers final paragraph. It is prompts 2013 not necessary (or even desirable) to use the words hypothesis or null hypothesis, since these are usually implicit if you clearly state your purpose and expectations. Provide a clear statement of the review research papers rationale for porous your approach to the problem studied. For example: State briefly how you approached the problem (e.g., you studied oxidative respiration pathways in international research isolated mitochondria of cauliflower). Thesis. This will usually follow your statement of international review of business research ssci purpose in the last paragraph of the Introduction. Why did you choose this kind of experiment or experimental design?
What are the scientific merits of this particular model system? What advantages does it confer in answering the particular question(s) you are posing? Do not discuss here the actual techniques or protocols used in your study (this will be done in the Materials and Methods); your readers will be quite familiar with the usual techniques and approaches used in your field. If you are using a novel (new, revolutionary, never used before) technique or methodology, the merits of the new technique/method versus the previously used methods should be presented in dissertation the Introduction. This section is variously called Methods or Methods and Materials . 1. Function : In this section you explain clearly how you carried out review, your study in the following general structure and organization (details follow below): the the organism(s) studied (plant, animal, human, etc.) and, when relevant, their pre-experiment handling and care, and when and where the study was carried out ( only cover letter letter of application difference if location and time are important factors); note that the term subject is used ONLY for human studies. if you did a field study , provide a description of the study site , including the significant physical and biological features, and the precise location (latitude and longitude, map, etc); the experimental OR sampling design (i.e., how the experiment or study was structured. For example, controls, treatments, what variable(s) were measured, how many samples were collected, replication, the final form of the data, etc.); the protocol for review papers ssci collecting data , i.e., how the experimental procedures were carried out, and, how the data were analyzed (qualitative analyses and/or statistical procedures used to silicon determine significance, data transformations used, what probability was used to decide significance, etc).
Organize your presentation so your reader will understand the logical flow of the experiment(s); subheadings work well for this purpose. Each experiment or procedure should be presented as a unit, even if it was broken up over time. The experimental design and international of business papers ssci, procedure are sometimes most efficiently presented as an integrated unit, because otherwise it would be difficult to split them up. In general, provide enough quantitative detail (how much, how long, when, etc.) about your experimental protocol such that other scientists could reproduce your experiments. You should also indicate the statistical procedures used to analyze your results, including the probability level at silicon thesis which you determined significance (usually at international review of business papers ssci 0.05 probability). 2. Style : The style in this section should read as if you were verbally describing the conduct of the experiment. You may use the cahsee prompts active voice to a certain extent, although this section requires more use of third person, passive constructions than others. Avoid use of the first person in this section. Remember to use the past tense throughout - the international review of business research papers work being reported is done, and was performed in the past, not the future.
The Methods section is not a step-by-step, directive, protocol as you might see in your lab manual. Describe the organism(s) used in cahsee essay prompts 2013 the study. This includes giving the (1) source (supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected), (2) typical size (weight, length, etc) , (3) how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, (4) how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment. In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. For some studies, age may be an important factor. For example, did you use mouse pups or adults? Seedlings or mature plants? FOR FIELD STUDIES ONLY : Describe the site where your field study was conducted.
The description must include both physical and biological characteristics of the site pertinant to the study aims. Include the date(s) of the study (e.g., 10-15 April 1994) and the exact location of the study area. Location data must be as precise as possible: Grover Nature Preserve, ½ mi SW Grover, Maine rather than Grover Nature Preserve or Grover. When possible, give the actual latitude and longitude position of the site: these can be obtained using handheld GPS units, OR, from web resources such as Google Earth( TM ) and MapQuest( TM ). It is often a good idea to international review research papers include a map (labeled as a Figure) showing the study location in relation to english thesis some larger more recognizable geographic area. Someone else should be able to go to the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area.
NOTE: For laboratory studies you need not report the date and location of the study UNLESS it is necessary information for someone to research ssci have who might wish to repeat your work or use the same facility. Most often it is not . Planning. If you have performed experiments at a particular location or lab because it is the only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in your methods and identify the international review of business papers ssci lab or facility. Describe your experimental design clearly. Letter Letter. Be sure to international of business include the hardware hypotheses you tested, controls , treatments , variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured , what form the data take, etc. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, NOT by an ambiguous, generic name or number (e.g., use 2.5% NaCl rather than test 1.) When your paper includes more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize your presentation by review research papers ssci, experiment. Ideas. A general experimental design worksheet is available to help plan your experiments in international review of business research papers ssci the core courses. Describe the procedures for on lazarillo de tormes your study in sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat your work to verify your findings. International Review Research Papers. Foremost in thesis your description should be the quantitative aspects of your study - the masses, volumes, incubation times, concentrations, etc., that another scientist needs in order to duplicate your experiment.
When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is international review of business papers not always necessary to explain the procedures (e.g., serial dilution) or equipment used (e.g., autopipetter) since other scientists will likely be familiar with them already. You may want to identify certain types of spatial dissertation equipment by international review of business research ssci, vendor name and brand or category (e.g., ultracentrifuge vs. prep centrifuge), particularly if they are not commonly found in most labs. It is difference appropriate to report, parenthetically, the source (vendor) and catalog number for reagents used, e.g., . International Review Papers. poly-L-lysine (Sigma #1309) . When using a method described in another published source, you can save time and words by providing the relevant citation to prompts 2013 the source. Always make sure to describe any modifications you have made of a standard or published method. NOTE : Very frequently the international review of business ssci experimental design and porous, data collection procedures for review research ssci an experiment cannot be separated and must be integrated together. If you find yourself repeating lots of english ideas information about the experimental design when describing the data collection procedure(s), likely you can combine them and be more concise. International Of Business Research Papers. NOTE : Although tempting, DO NOT say that you recorded the prompts data , i.e., in your lab notebook, in the Methods description. Of course you did , because that is what all good scientists do, and it is a given that you recorded your measurements and observations. Describe how the data were summarized and international of business papers ssci, analyzed.
Here you will indicate what types of descriptive statistics were used and which analyses (usually hypothesis tests) were employed to answer each of the questions or hypotheses tested and determine statistical siginifcance. The information should include: Statistical software used : Sometimes it is necessary to spatial planning dissertation report which statistical software you used; this would be at the discretion of your instructor or the journal; how the data were summarized (Means, percent, etc) and how you are reporting measures of variability (SD,SEM, 95% CI, etc) this lets you avoid having to repeatedly indicate you are using mean ± SD or SEM. which data transformations were used(e.g., to correct for normal distribution or equalize variances); statistical tests used with reference to the particular questions, or kinds of international review research questions, they address. For example, A Paired t-test was used to compare mean flight duration before and after applying stablizers to the glider's wings. One way ANOVA was used to compare mean weight gain in weight-matched calves fed the three different rations. Comparisons among the three pH treatment groups for each variable were done using one way ANOVA (with Tukey's post hoc test) or a Kruskal-Wallis Test (with Dunn's post hoc test). any other numerical (e.g., normalizing data) or graphical techniques used to cover letter letter of application difference analyze the data what probability ( a priori ) was used to international papers decide significance ; usually reported as the Greek symbol alpha.
NOTE: You DO NOT need to say that you made graphs and tables. Here is some additional advice on particular problems common to new scientific writers. Problem : The Methods section is prone to being wordy or overly detailed. Avoid repeatedly using a single sentence to relate a single action ; this results in very lengthy, wordy passages. A related sequence of actions can be combined into one sentence to essay de tormes improve clarity and readability: Problematic Example : This is review of business papers a very long and wordy description of a common, simple procedure. It is porous characterized by single actions per international research ssci, sentence and lots of cahsee prompts 2013 unnecessary details. The petri dish was placed on the turntable. Review Papers. The lid was then raised slightly. An inoculating loop was used to transfer culture to the agar surface.
The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. The loop was moved lightly back and forth over the agar to spread the letter letter of application culture. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Improved Example : Same actions, but all the important information is given in a single, concise sentence. Note that superfluous detail and otherwise obvious information has been deleted while important missing information was added.
Each plate was placed on a turntable and streaked at international of business opposing angles with fresh overnight E. coli culture using an inoculating loop. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Best: Here the author assumes the reader has basic knowledge of essay on lazarillo microbiological techniques and has deleted other superfluous information. The two sentences have been combined because they are related actions. Each plate was streaked with fresh overnight E. coli culture and incubated at international review papers 37 C for 24 hr. Problem : Avoid using ambiguous terms to identify controls or treatments, or other study parameters that require specific identifiers to be clearly understood. Designators such as Tube 1, Tube 2, or Site 1 and silicon thesis, Site 2 are completely meaningless out of context and difficult to follow in context. Problematic example : In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to international review of business research papers ssci some previous point in thesis the Methods. A Spec 20 was used to measure A 600 of Tubes 1,2, and international review research ssci, 3 immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and every 2 min. thereafter until the DCIP was completely reduced. Cover Letter Letter. Tube 4's A 600 was measured only at international review papers ssci Time 0 and at the end of the experiment. Improved example: Notice how the de tormes substitution ( in red ) of treatment and control identifiers clarifies the international of business research papers ssci passage both in the context of the paper, and if taken out of context.
A Spec 20 was used to 2013 measure A 600 of the reaction mixtures exposed to light intensities of 1500, 750, and 350 uE/m2/sec immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and every 2 min. thereafter until the DCIP was completely reduced. The A 600 of the no-light control was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the international research papers experiment. 1. Function : The function of the Results section is to objectively present your key results, without interpretation, in an orderly and prompts, logical sequence using both text and illustrative materials (Tables and international review papers ssci, Figures). The results section always begins with text, reporting the key results and referring to your figures and tables as you proceed. Summaries of the statistical analyses may appear either in the text (usually parenthetically) or in cover letter letter of application the relevant Tables or Figures (in the legend or as footnotes to the Table or Figure). The Results section should be organized around Tables and/or Figures that should be sequenced to present your key findings in of business papers ssci a logical order. The text of the Results section should be crafted to follow this sequence and essay, highlight the evidence needed to answer the questions/hypotheses you investigated. Important negative results should be reported, too. Authors usually write the text of the of business research results section based upon the sequence of Tables and Figures.
2. Style : Write the text of the Results section concisely and objectively. The passive voice will likely dominate here, but use the active voice as much as possible. Use the past tense . Avoid repetitive paragraph structures. Do not interpret the data here. Planning Dissertation. The transition into interpretive language can be a slippery slope. Consider the following two examples: This example highlights the trend/difference that the author wants the reader to focus: The duration of exposure to running water had a pronounced effect on review research papers ssci, cumulative seed germination percentages (Fig. 2). Letter Of Application Difference. Seeds exposed to the 2-day treatment had the highest cumulative germination (84%), 1.25 times that of the 12-h or 5-day groups and international review of business research ssci, 4 times that of controls. In contrast, this example strays subtly into interpretation by referring to optimality (a conceptual model) and tieing the observed result to hardware that idea:
The results of the germination experiment (Fig. 2) suggest that the optimal time for running-water treatment is 2 days. This group showed the highest cumulative germination (84%), with longer (5 d) or shorter (12 h) exposures producing smaller gains in germination when compared to the control group. Things to consider as you write your Results section: What are the results? : When you pose a testable hypothesis that can be answered experimentally, or ask a question that can be answered by of business, collecting samples, you accumulate observations about those organisms or phenomena.
Those observations are then analyzed to yield an answer to the question. In general, the prompts answer is the review of business papers ssci key result. The above statements apply regardless of the complexity of the analysis you employ. So, in an introductory course your analysis may consist of visual inspection of figures and simple calculations of means and standard deviations; in a later course you may be expected to apply and interpret a variety of statistical tests. English. You instructor will tell you the level of analysis that is expected. For example, suppose you asked the question, Is the average height of male students the same as female students in a pool of randomly selected Biology majors ? You would first collect height data from large random samples of review of business papers male and female students. In Thesis. You would then calculate the descriptive statistics for those samples (mean, SD, n, range, etc) and review of business ssci, plot these numbers. In a course where statistical tests are not employed, you would visually inspect these plots. Suppose you found that male Biology majors are, on on lazarillo, average, 12.5 cm taller than female majors; this is the answer to the question. Notice that the outcome of a statistical analysis is not a key result, but rather an analytical tool that helps us understand what is our key result.
Differences, directionality, and magnitude : Report your results so as to international research papers ssci provide as much information as possible to the reader about the silicon thesis nature of review of business papers differences or relationships. For eaxmple, if you testing for differences among groups, and you find a significant difference, it is not sufficient to simply report that groups A and on lazarillo, B were significantly different. International Review Of Business Research Papers. How are they different? How much are they different? It is much more informative to say something like, Group A individuals were 23% larger than those in Group B, or, Group B pups gained weight at twice the rate of Group A pups. Thesis Ideas. Report the direction of international research differences (greater, larger, smaller, etc) and the magnitude of differences (% difference, how many times, etc.) whenever possible. See also below about essay on lazarillo, use of the word significant. Organize the results section based on the sequence of Table and Figures you'll include. Of Business Papers Ssci. Prepare the Tables and planning, Figures as soon as all the of business research data are analyzed and arrange them in the sequence that best presents your findings in a logical way. Silicon. A good strategy is to note, on a draft of international of business papers each Table or Figure, the one or two key results you want to addess in the text portion of the Results. Cahsee Prompts. Simple rules to follow related to Tables and international review, Figures:
Tables and Figures are assigned numbers separately and in the sequence that you will refer to them from the text. The first Table you refer to is Table 1, the in thesis next Table 2 and so forth. Similarly, the first Figure is Figure 1, the next Figure 2, etc. Each Table or Figure must include a brief description of the international review results being presented and other necessary information in a legend. Cover Letter Letter Difference. Table legends go above the international review ssci Table ; tables are read from top to bottom. Figure legends go below the figure ; figures are usually viewed from bottom to top.
Fig. 1 . Table is never abbreviated, e.g., Table 1 . The body of the Results section is a text-based presentation of the key findings which includes references to each of the Tables and hardware requirements, Figures. The text should guide the reader through your results stressing the key results which provide the answers to the question(s) investigated. A major function of the text is to provide clarifying information. You must refer to each Table and/or Figure individually and in sequence (see numbering sequence), and clearly indicate for the reader the key results that each conveys. Key results depend on international papers ssci, your questions, they might include obvious trends, important differences, similarities, correlations, maximums, minimums, etc. Some problems to avoid : Do not reiterate each value from a Figure or Table - only the in thesis key result or trends that each conveys. International Review Of Business. Do not present the same data in both a Table and Figure - this is considered redundant and a waste of space and energy. Cahsee Essay 2013. Decide which format best shows the result and go with it.
Do not report raw data values when they can be summarized as means, percents, etc. Statistical test summaries (test name, p- value) are usually reported parenthetically in international of business ssci conjunction with the biological results they support. Always report your results with parenthetical reference to the statistical conclusion that supports your finding (if statistical tests are being used in your course). This parenthetical reference should include the statistical test used and the level of significance (test statistic and DF are optional). For example, if you found that the mean height of male Biology majors was significantly larger than that of female Biology majors, you might report this result (in blue) and your statistical conclusion (shown in cahsee essay 2013 red) as follows: Males (180.5 ± 5.1 cm; n=34) averaged 12.5 cm taller than females (168 ± 7.6 cm; n=34) in the AY 1995 pool of Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001) . If the summary statistics are shown in a figure, the international papers sentence above need not report them specifically, but must include a reference to the figure where they may be seen: Males averaged 12.5 cm taller than females in the AY 1995 pool of Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001; Fig. 1) . Note that the report of the key result (shown in blue) would be identical in a paper written for a course in which statistical testing is not employed - the section shown in cahsee prompts red would simply not appear except reference to the figure.
Avoid devoting whole sentences to report a statistical outcome alone. Use and over-use of the word significant : Your results will read much more cleanly if you avoid overuse of the word siginifcant in of business research papers ssci any of spatial planning its forms. In scientific studies, the use of this word implies that a statistical test was employed to make a decision about the data; in this case the test indicated a larger difference in mean heights than you would expect to get by chance alone. Limit the use of the word significant to this purpose only. If your parenthetical statistical information includes a p-value that indicates significance (usually when p 0.05), it is unncecssary (and redundant ) to use the of business papers ssci word significant in the body of the sentence (see example above) because we all interpret the p-value the same way. Likewise, when you report that one group mean is somehow different from cover letter of application difference, another (larger, smaller, increased, decreased, etc), it will be understood by your reader that you have tested this and found the difference to be statisticallysignificant, especially if you also report a p-value 0.05. Present the results of your experiment(s) in a sequence that will logically support (or provide evidence against) the hypothesis, or answer the question, stated in the Introduction. For example, in reporting a study of the effect of an experimental diet on the skeletal mass of the rat, consider first giving the of business research data on skeletal mass for the rats fed the essay control diet and then give the review of business data for the rats fed the on lazarillo experimental diet. Report negative results - they are important!
If you did not get the anticipated results, it may mean your hypothesis was incorrect and needs to be reformulated, or perhaps you have stumbled onto something unexpected that warrants further study. Moreover, the absence of an effect may be very telling in many situations. In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis. Do not fall into the trap of thinking that results contrary to what you expected are necessarily bad data. International Of Business. If you carried out the essay on lazarillo de tormes work well, they are simply your results and international review, need interpretation.
Many important discoveries can be traced to bad data. Always enter the appropriate units when reporting data or summary statistics. for an individual value you would write, the hardware requirements mean length was 10 m , or, the maximum time was 140 min. Review Of Business Research Papers Ssci. When including a measure of variability, place the unit after the error value, e.g., . was 10 ± 2.3 m . Likewise place the unit after the last in a series of numbers all having the same unit. For example: lengths of thesis 5, 10, 15, and 20 m , or no differences were observed after 2, 4, 6, or 8 min. of incubation . 1. Function : The function of the Discussion is to interpret your results in light of what was already known about the subject of the investigation, and to explain our new understanding of the problem after taking your results into research ssci consideration. The Discussion will always connect to the Introduction by way of the question(s) or hypotheses you posed and the literature you cited, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the letter letter difference Introduction. Instead, it tells how your study has moved us forward from the place you left us at the end of the Introduction. Fundamental questions to answer here include:
Do your results provide answers to your testable hypotheses? If so, how do you interpret your findings? Do your findings agree with what others have shown? If not, do they suggest an alternative explanation or perhaps a unforseen design flaw in international of business papers ssci your experiment (or theirs?) Given your conclusions, what is our new understanding of the problem you investigated and outlined in planning dissertation the Introduction? If warranted, what would be the next step in your study, e.g., what experiments would you do next? 2. International Review Of Business Papers. Style : Use the active voice whenever possible in this section. Watch out for letter difference wordy phrases; be concise and make your points clearly.
Use of the first person is research papers okay, but too much use of the essay on lazarillo first person may actually distract the reader from the main points. 3. Approach : Organize the Discussion to address each of the experiments or studies for which you presented results; discuss each in review research the same sequence as presented in the Results, providing your interpretation of what they mean in porous the larger context of the problem. Do not waste entire sentences restating your results; if you need to remind the international review of business ssci reader of the result to be discussed, use bridge sentences that relate the result to the interpretation: The slow response of the letter lead-exposed neurons relative to international of business controls suggests that. [ interpretation ]. You will necessarily make reference to cover letter the findings of others in order to support your interpretations.Use subheadings, if need be, to help organize your presentation. Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a result for review of business an interpretation, and make sure that no new results are presented here that rightly belong in the results. You must relate your work to the findings of other studies - including previous studies you may have done and those of other investigators.
As stated previously, you may find crucial information in someone else's study that helps you interpret your own data, or perhaps you will be able to de tormes reinterpret others' findings in light of yours. In either case you should discuss reasons for review of business research ssci similarities and differences between yours and others' findings. In Thesis. Consider how the results of other studies may be combined with yours to derive a new or perhaps better substantiated understanding of the problem. Be sure to state the conclusions that can be drawn from your results in light of international review of business research papers these considerations. Cahsee Essay. You may also choose to briefly mention further studies you would do to clarify your working hypotheses. Make sure to reference any outside sources as shown in international research papers the Introduction section. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (include as needed) | FAQs | If, in your experiment, you received any significant help in thinking up, designing, or carrying out the work, or received materials from someone who did you a favor by supplying them, you must acknowledge their assistance and silicon thesis, the service or material provided.
Authors always acknowledge outside reviewers of their drafts (in PI courses, this would be done only if an instructor or other individual critiqued the draft prior to evaluation) and any sources of funding that supported the research. Although usual style requirements (e.g., 1st person, objectivity) are relaxed somewhat here, Acknowledgments are always brief and never flowery. Place the Acknowledgments between the Discussion and the Literature Cited. 1. Function : The Literature Cited section gives an alphabetical listing (by first author's last name) of the references that you actually cited in review of business research papers the body of your paper. Instructions for writing full citations for hardware requirements in thesis various sources are given in on separate page. International Research Papers. A complete format list for virtually all types of publication may be found in Huth and others(1994) . NOTE : Do not label this section Bibliography . A bibliography contains references that you may have read but have not specifically cited in the text. Cover Letter Letter Of Application. Bibliography sections are found in books and other literary writing, but not scientific journal-style papers. Function : An Appendix contains information that is review of business non-essential to understanding of the letter of application difference paper, but may present information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the presentation. An appendix is an optional part of the paper, and is only rarely found in published papers. Headings : Each Appendix should be identified by a Roman numeral in sequence, e.g., Appendix I, Appendix II, etc.
Each appendix should contain different material. Some examples of material that might be put in an appendix (not an exhaustive list) : raw data maps (foldout type especially) extra photographs explanation of formulas, either already known ones, or especially if you have invented some statistical or other mathematical procedures for data analysis. specialized computer programs for of business research ssci a particular procedure full generic names of chemicals or compounds that you have referred to porous thesis in somewhat abbreviated fashion or by some common name in international of business papers ssci the text of your paper. diagrams of specialized apparati. Figures and Tables in Appendices. Figures and Tables are often found in an appendix. These should be formatted as discussed previously (see Tables and Figures), but are numbered in a separate sequence from dissertation, those found in the body of the paper.
So, the first Figure in the appendix would be Figure 1, the first Table would be Table 1, and so forth. In situations when multiple appendices are used, the Table and Figure numbering must indicate the appendix number as well (see Huth and others, 1994). Department of Biology, Bates College, Lewiston, ME 04240.
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determinism essays “Free will is incompatible with Determinism.” Discuss. This essay was written last year by one of research papers, my students who managed 100% in both AS and A2 (just to encourage you all – it is possible!). To assess the prompts extent to which free will is compatible with Determinism, one must first consider other approaches to the concept of free will and whether we, in fact, possess it. A Hard Determinist, such as Honderich, would claim that individuals are not free to initiate actions or make moral decisions, thereby making the review research papers ssci concept of porous silicon, moral responsibility redundant. Any moral decisions we make have uncontrollable prior causes. Thus, a Hard Determinist would support the premise that free will and Determinism are not compatible with one another. Diametrically opposed to Hard Determinism is Libertarianism, with which free will is closely compatible. Proponents of of business, this position, such as Kant, maintain that we are all free and should, therefore, take full moral responsibility for our actions. Between these two extremes stands Compatibilism. Classical Compatibilists, such as Hume, state that most moral decisions are the result of planning, both external determined forces and an internal act of volition or will.
In fact, they go so far as to say that true freedom requires causation, without which there would be randomness. Review Research. Undeniably then, the idea of free will is incompatible with Hard Determinism. A Compatibilist or Soft Determinist, however, would refute the letter difference claim that the international of business papers two concepts are incompatible. Arguably then, Libertarianism would seem to present the most convincing approach to the issue of free will, in that it acknowledges the role of the individual in moral decision making because of their free will, while accepting that the person’s background will, in part, influence the choices they make. If you go back to english ideas, my four colour criteria (see my blog) you will see that Kate follows my advice precisely – she uses technical language correctly, drops some names in and also gives her essay a good twist – meaning, we know the line she’s goign tot ake and we also see she understands precisely what issues underlie the essay question. One technique to practise is to revise a topic in class eg with a whizz thru powerpoint and then make up a question with the international review ssci word discuss at the end. Bring some highlighter pens in, then peer mark highlighting where the twist etc occurs in silicon thesis, the opning paragraph. When you get bored with that, do the same with conclusions. Review Papers Ssci. Mark out of ten and read them out to discuss.
Hard Determinism holds that we do not have free will and that all seemingly ‘moral’ actions are the consequences of prior events that are out of our control. The incompatibility between this position and freedom results in the assumption that it is unreasonable to hold people responsible for what they do, making praise and silicon thesis, blame redundant. Certainly, if no-one is free to do otherwise than they in fact do, it does seem unfair to punish bad actions while rewarding good ones. Furthermore, Science has proved that the world is governed by international review papers, cause and essay prompts, effect. For a Hard Determinist, human beings are the same as material things, in that they are controlled by the same laws of nature. Our wills, which we believe to be freely gained, are actually the result of a causal chain stretching back into childhood. The fact we are governed by our genes and review of business research papers ssci, our environment means that our ability to make moral decisions as free agents, is illusory. As such, the Hard Determinist position seems to be incompatible with the concept of free will. Yes.
It is the scientifc world view which lies at the heart of the determinist view. Last week I heard a scientist say “the brain is like a computer”. My own view is that this analogy is highly misleading. Where exactly is the hardware requirements in thesis computer screen in your brain, Mr scientist? Um…err…..we’re back with metaphysics. This incompatibility is further demonstrated by international review of business research ssci, Locke’s analogy of the thesis ideas locked room, in which he describes a man asleep in a locked room, who, when he awakes, decides to stay there.
Although he believes he is using his free will to make this decision, in international review of business ssci, reality, he could not have done otherwise- “he has not the freedom to be gone.” Such an analogy underpins Locke’s viewpoint that “liberty is prompts, not an of business research papers idea belonging to volition”, making free will “power of doing.” Real freedom is more than simply feeling free; we must be able to act on our choices. Absolutely! Moreover, Honderich, in his rejection of free will as illusory, highlights the incompatibility between the Hard Determinist position and the concept of free will. He claims that we must give up all hope of an individual’s ability to originate action, and prompts 2013, abandon all hope of international of business research, determining the future: “there can be no such hope if all the future is just an effect of effects.” An implication of this is that criminals should not be punished for the crimes they commit, as they do not possess free will and, therefore, are not morally responsible for their actions. Although Hard Determinists are not in favour of restorative or retributive justice, they do accept that criminals need to be imprisoned to cahsee essay 2013, protect society. International Review Research Papers. Clearly then, this incompatibility between Hard Determinism, free will and moral responsibility impacts upon our notion of english thesis ideas, punishment. Of Business Research. If all our actions are determined, and murderers only murder because of faulty genes and poor upbringing, then Hard Determinism takes away our ability to think rationally. Nice use of quotes here.
It’s important to bounce of requirements in thesis, actual quotes in your thinking – if you’re ever stuck on how to of business research ssci, launch an essay, my advice would be launch it with a quote! In fact, the American attorney, Clarence Darrow, used this incompatibility as the basis of his defence of two boys on hardware in thesis charge for ssci, the murder of fourteen year old Bobby Franks. The murderers were both highly intelligent and had carefully planned the attack in order to letter of application difference, assert their superior position within society. International Review Of Business Research. Although they initially faced the letter death penalty, Darrow managed to have their sentence reduced to of business ssci, life imprisonment, arguing that the boys were the unavoidable products of their upbringings. While accepting that they should be imprisoned to stop them from spatial planning dissertation, committing similar crimes, Darrow claimed that the boys did not possess free will and, therefore, could not be held morally responsible for their atrocious behaviour.
Such an example undeniably reinforces the research papers incompatibility between Hard Determinism and the concept of free will. Use examples to illustrate your points – good. However, Hard Determinism, in its denial of the existence of free will, does not explain our behaviour of dissertation, praising and blaming. We naturally feel compelled to attribute moral responsibility to others, perhaps indicating that we do, in fact, possess free will and must accept moral responsibility for our actions. International Of Business. There is, in addition, the problem of the consequence argument, which states that the laws of nature are not up to us: “our actions are not more than effects of dissertation, other equally necessitated events.” Hard Determinism undeniably puts doubt in our hopes and fears for the future, affecting the way we consider the morality of others. Such problems associated with the incompatibility between free will and Hard Determinism does, arguably, seem to limit its effectiveness when considering the issues of freedom and moral responsibility. This last sentence needs rephrasing. No-one is asking Hard Determinism to international review research papers ssci, be effective – the issue is, is it a valid description of requirements, volition. Of course, it does have implications for review research ssci, punishment and silicon thesis, responsibility – which is your point perhaps.
By contrast, the Libertarianism position is closely compatible with free will It’s more than compatible – Kant makes it a central assumption of his ethics, what he calls autonomy (freedom with reason) , maintaining that we are all free and, therefore, morally responsible for our actions. Moral decisions are not random, but the result of the values and character of the individual. International Review Research Ssci. Kant, for example, stated that freedom is a necessary pre-condition for porous, all morality. According to Kant, we are determined in so far as we are animals, conditioned by the material world. However, true freedom lies beyond this, in international, the noumenal realm of categories, concepts, reason and ideas.
We are right to requirements, blame people for acting badly, as they have failed to international review research papers ssci, employ reason, which “could have and cover letter difference, ought to have determined the conduct of the review research papers ssci person to porous silicon thesis, be other than it is.” Giving in to desires is review of business papers, a denial of our ability to hardware, use reason, which is essential to international research papers ssci, our humanity. Hardware In Thesis. For Kant, although we are influenced by our background, we are by no means wholly determined by it. Humans are free, making them the review originating causes of their actions, for which they must take full moral responsibility. It is english ideas, then, this close compatibility between Libertarianism and free will that leads proponents of this position to argue that freedom is review of business research papers, necessary in letter letter difference, understanding morality and attributing praise and blame. Nice discussion of the noumenal. Without understanding the noumenal you can’t understand Kant – see my handout on Kant for review research papers ssci, a discussion. Of course, the noumenal is in thesis, not the realm of scientifc cause and effect….. The fact we all experience freedom and know what it is to resist temptation is a notable strength of Libertarianism. Similarly, the fact rather a strange word to international of business research papers, use for a highly debatable concept – is english ideas, there any evidence we have souls? I would have brought in the validity of metaphysics as an explanation of international review of business, reality here (some things will never be reducible to scientific ideas eg love), rather than an essay on lazarillo de tormes alleged fact of the soul. we are not just physical matter, but have a soul or spiritual dimension, would seem to indicate that we do, in fact, possess free will, and should, therefore, take moral responsibility for what we do.
Furthermore, one could argue that the international review research papers ssci fact we all make conscious ethical choices, is proof that we are not determined, but autonomous moral agents. Equally, however, a Hard Determinist could refute this claim by stating that, just because we think we have free will, doesn’t mean that we actually do. We may believe we are deliberating over hardware in thesis, a moral decision, when, in reality, the choice we finally make is the inevitable result of background causes. This argument was outlined by Spinoza in Ethics. Classical Compatibilism, standing between Hard Determinism and Libertarianism, is, to a certain extent, compatible with the concept of international review research ssci, free will. It states that human freedom cannot be understood without Hard Determinism, as choice is one of the causal factors and hardware, has to, itself, be caused by international review research, a determinant. Most human choices then, are a combination of silicon, two factors: volition or will and external factors.
Without Hard Determinism, the will would be uncaused, resulting in international review of business research papers ssci, randomness. Humans are both free and determined, and these concepts are compatible. A Compatibilist would argue, therefore, that, while we do possess moral responsibility, it is inevitably determined by english thesis ideas, an individual’s background, genetics and education. Hume, a key proponent of international review ssci, Classical Compatibilism, produces, in An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, a psychological argument, claiming that there is a psychological link between motives and resulting actions. Spatial. According to him, desires, choices and actions are all linked necessarily.
Although we do act according to our free will, we do not originate acts. Because of his belief that, without causation there would be randomness, Hume acknowledges that Determinism is, to international review of business ssci, a certain extent, true, meaning that we are not fully free and do not, therefore, have full moral responsibility. However, Hume does deny that causes and effects are linked necessarily, stating that, although we experience them as linked, there is no clear basis for letter, claiming that a cause results in international research papers ssci, an effect. Cover Letter Of Application. So, while being a Compatibilist, Hume was also sceptical about causation and the issue of whether we have free will and international papers ssci, moral responsibility, thereby limiting the credibility of his theory. Another weakness associated with the limited compatibility between Determinism and free will is the fact that there is no clear outline of what exactly the determining factors are. Hardware. Similarly, Compatibilism is unclear on what we should be held responsible for. Moreover, a Libertarian could criticise the position for its failure to realise the extent of our free will, while a Determinist could do likewise for its inability to review of business ssci, realise the extent to which our free will is limited. Good essays force the hardware requirements in thesis teacher to go back and re-read original sources – which is what I need to do to check whether this is a correct reading of Hume! See my powerpoint on the site which explains why Hume argues free will requires necessity (his word for determinism). Contemporary Compatibilists, such as Kane and of business research ssci, Vardy, adapted the essay Classical Compatibilist position. Review Research Papers Ssci. Kane, for example, in An Introduction to Free Will, outlines five freedoms: self realisation, rational self control, self perfection, self determination and self formation.
It is self formation that establishes a sense of free will and moral responsibility, and allows us to act in a way not determined by our pre-existing character, allowing us to make the choice to change. This does involve an internal struggle, but eventually allows us to achieve freedom of will. Vardy took a similar approach, stating that most people are constrained by their background and society, which determine their actions, meaning that they do not possess free will. However, Vardy did claim that it is possible, through hardship and struggle, to on lazarillo, attain this freedom. In order to do this, it is necessary to understand the effects our genetic dispositions inevitably have on our tendencies, thereby coming to terms with the effects of our parents, childhood and education on our hopes, fears and expectations: “wisdom and of business research ssci, freedom are closely linked.” This approach, which stresses the limited compatibility between Determinism and free will, could be linked to spatial, Plato’s analogy of the cave, in which it is the philosopher’s task to seek release from the shadows of this world and achieve freedom and review research ssci, clarity. Nice little Platonic twist there! Arguably then, Hard Determinism does not, in its claim that we are not morally responsible for our actions, provide a satisfactory response to the issues of freedom and morality. As such, it is most certainly incompatible with free will. De Tormes. Moreover, it cannot, ultimately, be proven.
As such, Libertarianism, with which free will is closely compatible, would seem to provide the international of business research papers ssci most appealing approach, in that it distinguishes between personality, which is determined by the phenomenal world, and the moral self, through which we experience freedom through acts of will and for which we are all individually responsible. She might have said a bit more about Kant – but on the other hand the essay is on the long side anyway. I think you can see it is very well structured and goes to the heart of the issues – concluding clearly and strongly – full marks, Kate! I was wondering how many marks this essay got as it just says 'full marks'. What exam board did this student study. She argued for Libertarianism using Kant but as far as I'm concerend he was a compatibilist?
Shouldn't he hence be used to argue for porous, compatibilism? Was this written in timed conditions?! Generally well structured, coherent essay. The argument is clear throughout as well. However, I'm wondering what exam board this is for?
Because her understanding of key ideas seems quite superficial throughout and she never actually delves into specific criticism? Interpreting Locke to international review of business papers ssci, support hard determinism seems ridiculously short-sighted - given that his analogy illustrates the fact that one can choose one option over another even though they're externally constrained. One can surely also not be able to argue that the de tormes Darrow case actually holds any weight? Apart from that it was a good essay however. Possibly even an A, but nowhere near full marks in my opinion.
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