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Apush 1992 Dbq Essays and Research Papers. APUSH DBQ Lexus Weigand 3/3/14 From 1875 to 1900, there was a new kind of city in library, America, one that was based on . industry, and world war 1, industry needs workers. Library. The factories needed hundreds of workers to run machinery and other processes in manufacturing, but these workers were not treated properly and they wanted to do something to improve the way that they were treated. The organized labor, although it showed some minor successes, was overall very unsuccessful in improving the position of workers. History of the United States , Homestead Strike , Industrial unionism 962 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jack Magill APUSH /Period 4 18 November 2014 The Jacksonian Rule The 1820’s in the United States saw a presidential election won on a . “corrupt bargain”, a Yankee Misfit in office, and the end of the era of Good Feelings; the United States was desperate for a fresh new face to take office and restore power to en ligne the people. Andrew Jackson and library, his comrades did what they believed in, what they thought was necessary to uphold the use of the essayer en ligne, constitution to guide the administration and give power to the. Andrew Jackson , Federal government of the United States , Georgia 1423 Words | 5 Pages. DBQ #1 When first founded, The New England and Chesapeake colonies were both very similar because of their English heritage and their . mission to survive in library, the new world in which they had landed. Throughout the 1600’s the immigrants of the two regions longed for a new and better life escaping religious persecution, poverty, and political tyranny. Although their initial goals were the same, the two regions evolved into two very different and unique societies by the 1700’s based off of their social.

Massachusetts , Massachusetts Bay Colony , New England 1402 Words | 4 Pages. DBQ - New England VS the Chesapeake Colonies Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled by people of English origin, by . 1700 the regions had evolved into courseworks support two distinct societies. Uwa Thesis. There were social, political, and economic differences between the two regions. The main reason as to why this development occurred was that the Chesapeake concentrated on obtaining wealth whereas New England had strong religious beliefs. With different goals in mind, the two regions separated due. England , Government , Greater London 902 Words | 3 Pages. Carson Mayes DBQ APUSH During the election of 1800, Jefferson ran for essayer persol the Democratic-Republic party. His philosophy on library . government had always been to support have a strict interpretation of the Constitution along with the strong belief in state rights over a strong central government that his opposing Federalist party wanted. His beliefs on a frugal and uwa thesis library, limited government, reduced army and navy, and the repeal of taxes were all issues that helped maintain his philosophy of hsc english writing questions, government as well as. Alexander Hamilton , Alien and Sedition Acts , Federalism 880 Words | 3 Pages.

Ollie Cunningham APUSH per. 5 October 31, 2010 Civil War and Reconstruction DBQ The United States Civil War was one of . Uwa Thesis Library. America’s darkest hours of nationhood, but resulted in new rights and liberties for African Americans and revolutionized the United States for the better. The war resulted in the freedom of black slaves, and called for essay technology a complex reunification procedure to rejoin the depleted South and the high spirited North. Constitutional and social developments during the uwa thesis library, Civil War and. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Democratic Party 842 Words | 3 Pages. 2003 AP US DBQ The Progressive Era was a twenty year period, between 1900 and belonging, 1920, of much change in the U.S. Uwa Thesis. Many Americans would begin . to stand up for what they believed was right. This would lead to a number of essayer, reforms to help improve American life. Laws passed under Presidents Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson, would dramatically change this country all the way into the present time. As industry became a large part of urban America, many citizens were oppressed.

Unfair and unsanitary conditions. African American , Democracy , Franklin D. Roosevelt 973 Words | 3 Pages. ? APUSH Document-Based Question #3 British rule over its American colonies was selfish and uwa thesis library, unfair. They were over three thousand miles away, . ruling from bibliography, afar. Britain used the colonies to uwa thesis library get ahead economically and didn’t care what happened to the colonies. They taxed the colonists and passed laws that the colonists believed infringed on their human rights of freedom. Many people believe that the Revolutionary War was a result of hsc english belonging, social and political differences and controversies. However, the. American Revolutionary War , British Empire , Colonialism 736 Words | 3 Pages.

990 DBQ Jackson’s followers were common men who believed in the rights for uwa thesis the lower and working classes, strict interpretation of the . constitution,and democracy instead of a republic. Many of of information technology, his followers were inspired when Jackson rose from little education and social opportunity and took President, and they knew he would protect their rights and fight for uwa thesis the “Common man ,” instead of the elite. Supporters and followers of Andrew Jackson believed they were the guardians of the Constitution. Democracy , Second Bank of the technology, United States , Social class 789 Words | 3 Pages. 2002 AP DBQ In the years following the uwa thesis library, War of hsc english belonging creative questions, 1812, the “Era of uwa thesis, Good Feelings” evolved between the years 1815 and 1825. In the step thesis, first half of uwa thesis library, . this period, there was a strong sense of nationalism throughout the first step, United States. Uwa Thesis Library. However, political changes and economic differences between the essay technology, states warped this nationalism into the sectionalism that divided the library, country into north, south and west regions. Celebrations of unity within the United States soon turned into disagreements concerning representation. American Civil War , Louisiana , Maryland 1460 Words | 4 Pages. Follett Support. 9/30/14 A.P. U.S.

History . 240-01 1993 DBQ In the 17th century, all of the 13 colonies in America were under British rule and shared the uwa thesis, same religion, culture, language, and origin. By 1700, different colonial regions were developing different societies. Motivational, economical, and political. Connecticut , Massachusetts , Middle Colonies 923 Words | 3 Pages. ?James Dougherty APUSH Period 1 Mr. Young “p2406From 1781 to essayer persol 1789 the p2407Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an . effective government. Using the documents and your knowledge of the uwa thesis library, period, evaluate this statement. From 1781 up until 1789 the United States government was based off of the principles of the and effect war 1 essay, Articles of Confederation which were created after the Revolutionary War. The articles of confederation created a republic which limited its leaders from much of. Articles of uwa thesis, Confederation , Federal government of the United States , President of the hsc english belonging creative writing, United States 1147 Words | 4 Pages. ?Krista Angeliadis 12/17/14 APUSH Period 8 The era from uwa thesis, 1860 to 1877 was a time of . reconstruction and revolution in America. Many constitutional developments aided the reform movement, such as the ratification of the 13th, 14th, and first, 15th Amendments, which granted African Americans voting and civil rights. Though these changes seemed like a step in the right direction, social values such as white supremacy didn’t allow things to go as planned.

Despite. African American , Black people , Jim Crow laws 1031 Words | 4 Pages. Chapter 10 DBQ The ratification of the constitution in 1788 did not end the debate over the nature and functions of the . government. Majors concerns arose from the ratification mainly involving too much federal power and not enough rights for African Americans. Though the constitution had many critics, I believe that constitution was fundamentally sound but just in need of minor adjustments. In the constitution slaves were given freedom, they just needed citizenship rights. Another. Federal government of the United States , President of the United States , Thomas Jefferson 871 Words | 3 Pages. answer be sure to address the political, social, and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775 to 1800. Notes from Mr. Williams: This . essay was g iven to 2 nd period APUSH on their first in - class essay. Included were 10 documents (if interested in uwa thesis library, seeing them, please come into class).

The DBQ writer needed to take ideas and topics from the documents, and ADD significant outside fact and essayer lunettes en ligne, analysis. Notice that this writer does a complete job. He/she deals with the entire question. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Nationalism 259 Words | 2 Pages. Albert Moncada Jr. Ms.

Oberman AP U.S. History, Period 6 2 February 2012 APUSH DBQ Reform movements in library, the United States . from 1825-1850 greatly benefited to expand democratic ideals that shape our nation today, but they also limited the expansion with some reforms. Reform movements took place in the North to fight off the hsc english creative writing questions, forced labor and cruelty of slavery, and throughout the uwa thesis library, states, religious revivals and women rights movements arose. Follett. These reform movements expanded the democratic ideals by. Democracy , Frederick Douglass , Human rights 729 Words | 2 Pages. DBQ Essay Chesapeake Colonies vs. New England Colonies The English had no desire to colonize the new world prior to uwa thesis library defeating the Spanish . Armada. However, once they defeated the Spanish in 1588, thus ending Spanish colonization, the English became the rulers of the Atlantic and a newly found patriotism flourished in England.

The English had tried desperately to colonize the new world, failing two times before succeeding in Jamestown, Virginia, one of the Chesapeake Bay colonies. The northern most. British America , Chesapeake Bay , Colonialism 856 Words | 3 Pages. DBQ The American Revolution changed the American society between 1775-1800. The areas in the American society that were changed were . economical, political, and social. And Effect World War 1. ways. Uwa Thesis Library. The new country had to set up their own government and essay, deal with the problems that came along with it since it was inexperienced. That brought problems between the uwa thesis library, society and political side. Native Americans and women had their own concerns and opinions. Therefore, the American Revolution changed the American Society. ‘ . American Revolution , Articles of Confederation , John Adams 386 Words | 2 Pages. Adams, Jefferson, Madison, and world war 1, Monroe Newman Schmalbach: Chapters 5 (pg 83) -8 QUIZ DATES (subject to change) Chapter 6 (and part of 5): Tuesday, . October 15 EXAM DATES Chapter 7: Tuesday, October 22 Chapter 8/9: Wednesday, October 30 Unit 2 DBQ : Monday October 28-Tuesday, October 29 Unit 2.1 IDs: Friday, October 25 Unit 2.2 IDs: Monday, November 4 Unit 2 Multiple Choice: Wednesday, November 6 Unit 2 Essay: Thursday, November 7 1. Which of the social changes brought about by the Revolution. American Revolution , Articles of uwa thesis library, Confederation , Native Americans in the United States 558 Words | 2 Pages.

I have been asked to speak on the question how to make the best of life, but may as well confess at once that I know nothing about it. I cannot think that I . have made the bibliography, best of uwa thesis, my own life, nor is it likely that I shall make much better of what may or may not remain to me. I do not even know how to make the bibliography, best of the twenty minutes that your committee has placed at my disposal, and as for life as a whole, who ever yet made the best of such a colossal opportunity by conscious effort and deliberation. Afterlife , Consciousness , Death 2360 Words | 6 Pages. The colonies in New England were settled by a group of separatists called the Puritans, which were a tightly knitted community based on strong faith. . Uwa Thesis Library. This community of New England Puritans influenced religious liberties, education, and obedience in the colonies from the essay on merits and demerits of information, 1630's-1660's by library relating them to their religious morals and beliefs. ` As the belonging creative writing questions, Puritans began forming their governments and rules, much of New England was just beginning to be settled. Although in document E the Puritans. Christianity , Freedom of religion , God 869 Words | 3 Pages. ? DBQ In the time period 1925 – 1950 Chinese peasants, and uwa thesis library, Chinese created a bad relationship with each other.

Peasants were stronger than the . Chinese Communist party supported by documents one, five, and six, peasants were the prime target for attacks instead of the follett, Chinese Communist party supported by documents four, eight, and nine, and the peasants were more willing to fight the Japanese while the Chinese Communist party was not so willing supported by library documents two, and three. Peasants and the. Chen Duxiu , Chinese Civil War , Communism 828 Words | 3 Pages. ?Ariana Biagioni DBQ : Topic A: The Ancient Near East November 24, 2013 Professor Goldman During the time of Dynasty 18 in Egypt, many . religious, economic, and social connections were created amongst the various regions in the Near East. In these regions, new groups of people, religions, and empires were formed. The Near East helped surface civilization. Essayer Persol. It established centralized governments, law codes, and writing systems. The Ancient Near Eastern Empires introduced the methods of agriculture. Ancient Near East , Assyria , Babylon 1120 Words | 4 Pages.

? APUSH – DBQ’s SINCE 1995 1995 – Analyze the changes that occurred during the 1960’s in the goals, strategies, and support of the movement . for African-American civil rights. 1996 – In what ways and to what extent did constitutional and social developments between 1860 and 1877 amount to a revolution? 1997 – To what extent did economic and political developments as well as assumptions about the nature of uwa thesis, women affect the on merits and demerits of information technology, position of American women during the period 1890-1925? 1998 – With respect. American Revolution , Cold War , Democratic Party 529 Words | 2 Pages. Uwa Thesis Library. APUSH - Cornwell FEB 16-24, 2011 1. INDUSTRIAL AMERICA in the LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY • Corporate consolidation of industry • . Effects of essayer lunettes en ligne, technological development on the worker and workplace • Labor and unions • National politics and influence of corporate power • Migration and library, immigration: changing face of the nation • Proponents and opponents of the new order (e.g. Thesis. “Social Darwinism and Social Gospel”) AMSCO pp. 333-347 (CH 17) EV pp. 543-573 (CH 18) ESSENTIAL.

Capitalism , Chinese Exclusion Act , Collective bargaining 495 Words | 4 Pages. Kevin Li 1994 DBQ APUSH To what extent was late 19th century and early 20th century US expansionism a continuation of past US . expansionism and to what extent was it a departure? Over the years the United States expansionism has experienced many different changes. Library. The United States has expanded for many different reasons such as the economy, land, and even God. Expansionism is belonging creative now a continuation of past United States expansionism but was more so a departure.

The United States. Uwa Thesis. Atlantic Ocean , Manifest Destiny , Monroe Doctrine 680 Words | 2 Pages. Making. APUSH DBQ ESSAY From 1775 to 1830, the United States gained their independence and library, began their formation of a new country. . En Ligne. During this period, the ideas of the Revolutionary War had an influence on the African Americans. A number of African Americans were freed but the library, institution of slavery spread due to social and economic reasons. Both the free African Americans and enslaved confronted and endure the challenges they faced as they fought for bibliography rights and equality. The Revolutionary War was a. African American , American Civil War , Black people 712 Words | 2 Pages. APUSH : DBQ ­ 1st Semester Final DISCLAIMER: This is NOT the only way to library do this essay, don’t take any of this as gospel.

We . are people. If you disagree, go ahead and do it your way. That will work too. We are not responsible for your essay, that is your job. We are simply here to get a headstart. What is needed for cause and effect world a better DBQ ? more analysis beyond the basic information from the documents. ? look at relationships (this caused what to happen or emerge as a result of. ) even if the DBQ doesn't ask you to. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Andrew Jackson 757 Words | 3 Pages. Kibby 1 Pierce Kibby Thursday, February 28, 2013 Expansionism DBQ APUSH Expansionism Throughout American . history, growth has always been present in uwa thesis, industry, economics, technology and many other fronts. This of cause world, course began when the first European settlers of uwa thesis library, America came from England.

The most important growth our country has undergone is the growth of size. Starting at a few settlements and evolving into cause and effect war 1 essay a world power in just a few hundred years illustrates the uwa thesis, rate at which. Great power , Louisiana Purchase , Military 925 Words | 3 Pages. Colonial America before 1763 (Brinkley- Ch. 1-3) Mrs. Hedley- APUSH Unit I: Overview Overview of the Time Period: This unit focuses on en ligne persol the . settlement of the New World and early colonial history.

It was during this time period that the original thirteen colonies were founded and began to uwa thesis library evolve into three distinct areas divided by diverse cultural, economic, religious, political, and belonging writing, social differences = SECTIONALISM. Your Objectives: 1. To become familiar with the people, places, and events. British Empire , British North America , Colonial history of the United States 1135 Words | 7 Pages. APUSH 29 November 2012 Slavery DBQ At the end of the Revolutionary war against Great Britain, the United States of America . was created as an independent country. Thus began the roots of an entirely new American identity. Uwa Thesis. Taking influence from its former mother countries, the United States began its own system of representative government. Hsc English Creative Questions. Furthermore, the American identity, shaped in uwa thesis library, the early years of 1775 to support 1830, incorporated the ideals of agrarian farming, laissez-faire economic standpoint.

American Civil War , American Revolutionary War , Native Americans in the United States 944 Words | 3 Pages. Paige Reinfeld Jacksonian DBQ The uproar of the uwa thesis, people of the U.S. was heard after the corrupted elections of 1824. It wasn’t until 1828, . the year the Jacksonians came into power and satisfied the bibliography, popular demand after a mudslinging battle against the aristocrats. Uwa Thesis. The Jacksonian Democrats claimed they were guardians of the Constitution, political democracy, individual liberties, and essay on merits of information technology, equal economic opportunity, but the 1820’s and 1830’s put those claims to the test. The Jacksonian Democrats claimed. Andrew Jackson , Democracy , Democratic Party 599 Words | 2 Pages. Stefanie Boniel Period 2. Uwa Thesis Library. DBQ Essay The Olympic games today have been influenced by many factors that happened throughout history. In . documents 2 and 8, the increases of support, women participants in library, the games show social change of the world. And Effect World War 1 Essay. In documents 3 and uwa thesis library, 4 the hsc english belonging creative questions, influence of nationalism causes countries to uwa thesis library become extremely competitive. In 6 and follett courseworks support, 3 nations show their pride of their home country by proving themselves as top notch.

In 7 and 10, the opinionated views of a Japanese and Pakistani journalist. Ancient Olympic Games , Olympic Games , Russia 930 Words | 3 Pages. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Period 1 15 April, 2013 Mrs. Library. Nelson Civil Rights Take Home DBQ In the years before the cause essay, 60’s, the African Americans . Uwa Thesis Library. living all over the country were treated as less than every white person because of their skin color and their historical background of slavery and hsc english questions, servitude. During the uwa thesis library, era of the 1960’s, the African Americans and part of the white community fought for essay on merits equal civil rights. Average Americans, Black and White, stood up against the opposing population to voice their. African American , Black people , John F. Kennedy 576 Words | 2 Pages. Jimmy Herrmann APUSH DBQ Essay Mrs.

Rudolph The immediate years after the Civil War, 1860-1877, saw the library, United States . Essayer Lunettes. through a revolution. Reform movements and changing states of mind among the American people contributed to the revolution with regards to constitutional and social aspects of life at that time. The passage of Civil Rights Legislation such as the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments; and, ironically, the KKK and other social events helped with the reform. Alone these things couldn’t. Uwa Thesis. African American history , American Civil War , COINTELPRO 585 Words | 2 Pages. 1991 DBQ In the essay on merits and demerits of information, aftermath of World War I, during the years 1917-1921, President Wilson advocated the library, Treaty of Versailles, which called for . the principle of self-determination, the formation of a League of Nations, and general amnesty towards Germany, as the solution for peace. Hsc English Creative Writing. However, his unwillingness to uwa thesis library compromise led to widespread disagreement. The opposition forces in the U.S. senate consisted of the reservationists, who were willing to ratify the Treaty of Versailles with amendments, and. Central Powers , League of and demerits of information, Nations , Paris Peace Conference, 1919 671 Words | 2 Pages. DBQ During the 1800s, the United States more than tripled in library, size, covering the entire width of the continent. Throughout this period, they . united states acquired land through several different methods including the bibliography, Louisiana purchase of 1803, the war of 1812, the trail of tears, the uwa thesis library, Mexican cession, and the compromise of 1850.

Each of which came with its own group of supporters and opponents with different reasons of why or why not. En Ligne Persol. However, every debate ultimately led to the United States government’s. Andrew Jackson , Louisiana , Louisiana Purchase 781 Words | 2 Pages. Zack Seldes 2000 DBQ The Second Industrial Revolution skyrocketed with new inventions and machines and changed how factories and jobs were . Uwa Thesis Library. worked. As the industries grew, so did the need for unions among the workers. Bibliography. To a minimal degree, the uwa thesis, unions were successful in very tiny things but not enough to improve the of information technology, overall position of the worker.

They were not highly successful, as they would be defeated and uwa thesis, have to go back to en ligne persol square one. The ruthless determination of big business to shut down. Capitalism , Collective bargaining , Employment 667 Words | 2 Pages. During the 1600s, British citizens left England and began settling in library, the Chesapeake and New England regions, yet these regions developed differently. . Migrants came to the New World with distinct motives that, in effect made the regions develop differently; the New Englanders came in search of follett, religious freedom while the Chesapeake settlers came in search of economic prosperity. The New Englanders search for uwa thesis library religious freedom caused them to develop a diverse economy, societies with tightly bound. England , Human migration , Massachusetts 1052 Words | 3 Pages. Morgan Ridley APUSH Gold 11/7/14 John Marshall as Chief Justice . America is in a time of follett courseworks support, governmental crisis between the Federal and State governments, and under one branch, the uwa thesis, line between these is on merits and demerits technology dictated by constitutionality.

John Marshall the chief justice under the legislative branch of the united states ruled over many cases which established precedents for national supremacy over states rights, defined the roles of the Supreme Court and Congress, and provided the constitutional foundation for . Federal government of the United States , President of the United States , Supreme Court of the United States 725 Words | 2 Pages. AP US History DBQ Essay Even though the loyalist opposed the American Revolution, Patriots wanted to library create a nation with equality and a . Belonging Questions. complete different society compared to the Great Britain (Doc B). They expressed the uwa thesis library, importance of people’s rights, economic strength, and freedom for every citizen. However, the American Revolution did not meet the needs and hopes that they had expected; they have suffered from economic instability, failed to control their alliances with other countries, political. American Revolution , Articles of Confederation , Native Americans in html, the United States 689 Words | 2 Pages. share. Uwa Thesis Library. We actually had a while to do this, so it's generally much more polished than a timed essay would be, but with my procrastination and essayer lunettes persol, general . unwillingness to edit there are still a few uncomfortable sentences and a rather hasty conclusion. 1992 DBQ - To what extent did the natural environment shape the development of the West beyond the Mississippi and the lives of those who lived there?

How important were other factors? Despite having gained an early reputation as a barren desert, the library, Great. Cowboy , Ecology , Environment 991 Words | 3 Pages. Booker T. Of Information Technology. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois offered different strategies for dealing with the problems of poverty and discrimination faced by Black Americans at library . the and effect war 1, end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries. Using the documents and your knowledge of the period 1877-1915, assess the appropriateness of each of these strategies in the historical context in which each was developed. In reference to the years between 1877 and uwa thesis, 1915, I assessed that, based on between each of. Writing Questions. African American , Black people , Negro 1318 Words | 4 Pages. For many years before the actual Revolutionary War, the Americans and the British already had built up grievances and hate between each other. Some may argue . with such tension, war was inevitable.

In the uwa thesis, famous Declaration of Independence, the Americans not only declared their freedom but also included a list of their grievances addressed to King George III. The events leading to these accusations explain the cause war 1, complaints leveled against the King and prove their validity. One of the uwa thesis, charges against. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Boston Tea Party 1479 Words | 4 Pages. The Labor Movement generated opposition from both the government and bibliography, the public since them both saw unions as violent and lawless. Uwa Thesis. The government used force . to control the unions showing their disgust for the views and actions of follett courseworks, these organizations.

Well- organized and growing businesses took the advantage in the struggle with labor, so the workers started labor unions. The very first labor union, The National Labor Union was started in uwa thesis, 1866. Cause And Effect World War 1 Essay. This union lasted for library six years and had 600,000 members. American Railway Union , Employment , Eugene V. Debs 930 Words | 3 Pages. First Thesis. ?A Discourse to Promote Colonization (1584) 1. Hakluyt’s arguments for colonization included agricultural use of the land, spread of their religion, easy to uwa thesis library . travel to (for trade), it would increase money in the economy because they would stop trade with other countries, they could increase their realm with their wealth that they earn from colonization of America, and essayer en ligne, they could defeat their enemies with their new found wealth. Some of the arguments are more persuasive the uwa thesis library, others after four hundred. Native Americans in the United States 1613 Words | 5 Pages. First Step Making. Ganigan, Li, Wong 1 Anastasiya Li, Kaili Ganigan, Vanessa Wong Miss Conner AP US History 10 December 2014 . Library. Historians have traditionally labeled the period after the War of 1812 the “Era of Good Feelings.” Evaluate the accuracy of this label, considering the emergence of belonging creative writing, nationalism and sectionalism. Use the documents and your knowledge of the library, period 1815­1825 to construct your answer.

The Era of Good Feelings, which took place during James Monroe's two terms serving as President of the United States. Marxism 814 Words | 7 Pages. “From 1781 to thesis 1789 the Articles of uwa thesis, Confederation provided the United States with an effective government.” This statement is essayer lunettes en ligne quite bold considering that the . Articles lasted only library eight years. In some ways this form of government was effective and in some ways it was not. It did provide the newly formed American colonies with the means to govern themselves in the manner that they wished to be governed and set the rules for operations of the United States government. Cause World War 1 Essay. On the other hand, it was ineffective. Articles of Confederation , Massachusetts , Northwest Ordinance 832 Words | 3 Pages. Conflicts Between Great Britain and the North American Colonies During the library, 18th century, many conflicts arose between Great Britain and the North American . colonies. These conflicts are eventually what led to the American Revolution. These tensions between Britain and the colonies were a combination of both economic interests, and political/social differences. Hsc English Belonging Creative Writing Questions. Economic conflicts between the two included “The Navigation Law”, “The Sugar Act”, “The Stamp Act”, restrictions on trade, and more.

Political. American Revolution , Boston Tea Party , British Empire 1147 Words | 4 Pages. The American Revolution shocked the world; no one had ever expected a small group of colonies to fight for and win their own independence from the seemingly . greatest and most omnipresent country on earth. Americans had worked for and thought about the moment of uwa thesis library, their freedom for years, and their sense of individuality ran deep. By the eve of the American Revolution, colonists in America had developed a strong sense of identity as Americans, but only somewhat of unity as a single country. In events. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Boston Tea Party 969 Words | 3 Pages. During the lunettes en ligne, Washington, Adams, and uwa thesis, Jefferson administrations (from 1776 to 1807) neutrality was America’s main foreign policy. In determining that neutrality . Essay And Demerits. was the library, overall focus of American diplomacy, one must assess the deviations from, as well as the success, of neutrality. Neutrality was originally implemented by George Washington in and demerits technology, order to maintain the young country’s best interests. However, lapses in neutrality occurred when the government was forced to favor one foreign power, either Great.

American Revolutionary War , Europe , George Washington 1401 Words | 4 Pages. ?Throughout America’s history, few things have left the nation in such controversial turmoil as the Vietnam War. Uwa Thesis Library. With an American death toll of almost . 60,000 troops, the cause and effect war 1, Vietnam War has gone down in infamy as one of the most tremendous struggles Americans have faced both overseas and on the home front. Because of the tumultuous controversies caused by the war, Americans split into two social factions – those against the war and those who supported it. During the years of 1961-1975 - the era in. Cold War , Gerald Ford , John F. Kennedy 884 Words | 3 Pages. Democracy on a Leash (Wethersfield DBQ) Connecticut. Above observation could not be brushed off as the comments from an Anglican clergyman, as the laws of 1770 clearly spell these. In essence, the . religious freedom was severely curtailed from 1750-1780. Source: ( DBQ ) http://teachers.dphs.org/ Congregational church , Connecticut , Connecticut General Assembly 919 Words | 3 Pages.

APUSH DBQ As World War II was coming to an end during 1945, the creation of uwa thesis library, one of the most destructive weapons known to . humanity occurred within the United States. Hsc English Writing Questions. This weapon, known as “the atomic bomb,” was used on the two Japanese cities: Hiroshima and Nagasaki, resulting in a death toll unprecedented by any military weapon used before and an immediate, unconditional surrender. Some historians believe President Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb in order to intimidate the Soviet Union whereas. Atomic bombings of library, Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Cold War , Franklin D. Roosevelt 949 Words | 3 Pages. ?Caleb Aleshire Mr. First Making. Miller APUSH February 2, 2015 Native Americans DBQ (1877-1900) In the late 1800s, Americans were continuing . to expand Westward as they “worried that the Northeast was overpopulated and that, as a result, the country would face the same problems as Europe—class conflict, poverty, and urban ills” (Document I). From 1850 to 1890, the Native lands ceded went from Midwest America to the Pacific Coast (Document A).

This presented a similar problem that they had faced in the past with. Uwa Thesis. Dawes Act , Hawaii , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 998 Words | 4 Pages. Miki Zaganjor APUSH (Matson) 9/19/13 Era of hsc english creative questions, Good Feelings: DBQ The Era of Good Feelings: America's Glory Years In an . aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, feuding powers across the nation, and a general chaos, the Era of uwa thesis, Good Feelings marked a period in the political history of the United States that reflected a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans. In the era, the collapse and downfall of the Federalist party was seen, thus an end to the bitter partisan disputes. Democratic-Republican Party , Era of Good Feelings , Henry Clay 896 Words | 3 Pages. Sam Maney APUSH 10/24 Block C Both nationalism and sectionalism increased during the Era of Good Feelings, however, nationalism became . of greater importance in economics and follett courseworks, politics. This is shown in many documents from this time period.

They talk about “Our Country” and the US as a whole instead of uwa thesis, individual states. The documents also talk about “Us” not just states individually. Also about bibliography creating a “American System” and and American identity, which helps to prove nationalism was of. Economics , Free trade , Henry Clay 317 Words | 2 Pages. Bandie Ouch APUSH , Period 2 December 3, 2013 Chapter 13 Study Guide People/Terms: Seneca Falls Convention- A convention on July 19th and . 20th in uwa thesis, the year of 1848 that discussed the social, civil and religious condition and rights of women. This meet up was organized by men and women to boost the rights of follett support, women. The main focus of this event was the Declaration of Sentiments. Declaration of Sentiments- Written at the Seneca Falls Convention to uwa thesis library announce the rights women should have. It is lunettes en ligne persol modeled. Declaration of Sentiments , Elizabeth Cady Stanton , Lucretia Mott 899 Words | 2 Pages.

Annotated DBQ Rubric: Buddhism in China Sample DBQ Question: Based on the following documents, analyze the uwa thesis, responses to en ligne the . spread of Buddhism in China. What additional kind of document(s) would you need to evaluate the extent of Buddhism’s appeal in China? Point # Generic Description Explanation/ Commentary Examples and Commentary 1 Has acceptable thesis. Thesis addresses the specific focus of the question. The thesis should reflect a sophisticated understanding of the complexities. Uwa Thesis. Buddhism , China , Document 1658 Words | 6 Pages. New England and Chesapeake Region Apush Dbq. Monique Pitre Mr. Hsc English Writing. Watson APUSH 9/6/11 DBQ The settlers of library, New England and the Chesapeake region may have migrated from the . same origin, but that’s where the similarities end; by the 1700s, they differed socially, economically, and politically. As people began to migrate over to the New World, they started to on merits and demerits adapt to the regions around them. This being said, it only makes sense that the settlers would adapt to the strengths of their geography, meaning that regions obviously differed.

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How to Write a Cover Letter 40+ Free Templates. Writing a smart cover letter can get your foot in the door, even if you have a weak resume. Library? This guide will help you to write the best letter possible. Cover Letter Examples. Professionally-written cover letter samples.

Cover Letter Designs. Beautifully arranged cover letter designs. Cover Letter Builder. Create your cover letter in 15 minutes. How to Write a Resume. Learn how to write a resume in 3 Steps. Are you looking for a follow up email or letter instead? Check out first, our comprehensive Follow Up Guide. This is a very simply written guide — follow it, and you will land interviews faster. Don’t forget to double check! Be sure to use our checklist to easily find out what you may be missing on your letter.

It is free to download. Click Here to Download. Our Cover Letter Checklist. Cover letters are one page documents that you send with your resume when applying for a job. It is meant to: Introduce yourself to the hiring manager. Argue why you’d be a good fit for uwa thesis library, the job Fill in places your resume cannot describe Further explain other aspects of and effect world your resume. By hitting those 4 aspects, your letter can be a convincing and powerful companion to a well-written resume. If you want to library, see how a cover letter in your field should be written, then browse through our cover letter example library. To begin, include both the employer’s and your contact information. See the example below:

While the example above demonstrates the information you need to include in the section, there are various ways to format it. Check out the cover letter designs below to get more ideas on how you can structure this section. No spelling or grammar errors! This one really goes without saying. Html? Spelling mistakes make an awful first impression. Put yourself in the hiring manager’s shoes for uwa thesis, a second. Would you like to be addressed as “Dear Sir or Madame?” or “To whom it may concern?” “Dear Sir or Madame” makes you sound like you’re from the year 1865, and “to whom it may concern” is very irritating to hiring managers. You can easily avoid this problem by doing your research. Look through the company’s website, LinkedIn, or even give the company a call to ask for the hiring manager’s name.

Even if you get it wrong, it still looks like you’ve made an html bibliography effort. In the library first paragraph, begin by telling the bibliography employer the position you are applying for uwa thesis, and how you learned about the opportunity. The rest of this paragraph should briefly present basic info about yourself, including: degree, area of study/expertise, and your career goals in terms of how they align with the goals of the company. The second paragraph should respond directly to the job description written by the hiring manager. Describe how your previous job experiences, skills, and abilities will allow you to meet the company’s needs.

To make that easier, you can (and should) literally include words and phrases from the job description in your cover letters. No bombast! The rule of thumb is first step thesis, that you’re allowed to be as boastful as you want – so long as you have the evidence to uwa thesis library, back it up ! To go the on merits and demerits of information technology extra mile, do some research about the library company, and try to find out what they are doing — and why — given the current state of their industry. In a third paragraph, explain how you can fit into belonging that schema, and uwa thesis, help push the company forward and bibliography, achieve any goals you suspect they may have. The final paragraph is called the “call to action.” Inform them that you’d love to get interviewed. Tell them that you’ll be in contact with them in uwa thesis library a week if you don’t hear back. Courseworks Support? Thank them for uwa thesis, spending the time to html bibliography, read your letter. Aside from the content on the page, the actual look and uwa thesis library, feel of the document is also an important aspect of the your letter. First Making Thesis? Elements such as margins, font size and style, and alignment all factor in to the hiring manager’s overall impression of you. Here are a few quick tips when styling your own: 1” – 1.5” margins are always a safe bet.

If you are having trouble fitting everything on one page, there is some wiggle room, but be careful not to make the content look crammed together. Don’t go below a 12-point font unless absolutely necessary. Anything below 12 can strain the eyes. Font style is really a matter of preference. Try to choose one that looks professional or that matches what the employer uses on their website. Keep in mind that different styles will change the uwa thesis library size of the font. War 1? Maintain a uniform alignment throughout. We suggest keeping all paragraphs left-aligned. Formatting For Applicant Tracking Systems. If you don’t know what an ATS is, you absolutely must read up on it before sending in your next job application.

Applicant tracking systems are mostly designed to read through resumes, sifting through keywords and key-phrases to statistically determine whether to let you through to uwa thesis, the next stage. 70% of jobs are filled via an applicant tracking system. Some ATS software is designed to read through letters as well, while others are not. You might as well be completely prepared. The good news is that simply by following the instructions we’ve written above, your letter should already be in good shape. Essay On Merits And Demerits Technology? If you’ve responded directly to library, the hiring manager’s job description, and included language from it in your own your letter, you already have a high likelihood of cause and effect world war 1 essay hitting statistically important keywords and phrases. Yes, someone will read it.

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When the posting doesn’t include a name of the company or hiring manager, try copying some of the job description and searching for it on Google. You may find the library job ad with the cause and effect essay names included. If this doesn’t work, then it is library, acceptable to cause and effect, address the cover letter with “Dear Hiring Manager.” Good luck on uwa thesis, the job hunt, I normally just put Dear Hiring Manager. I’ve had issues where you call and there are multiple people who do the hiring, so I don’t know who will be doing my interview until the day I have my interview. If I ask the employee there like, “Oh I’m not sure.” I’m going to forward this to a client of mine I was just talking to making, him about this. Now he’ll know that I’m not just trying to make his life miserable. Great!

We hope they find our resources helpful. I have done my resume and now I’m preparing myself to do CL, but I have problem with it, because everything is wrote in resume – especialy introduction. It would be the best if I could copy my introduction from resume to CL, because there is almost the same to write. Library? please advise. Some of the contents from your resume intro should be used in you CL, but should not simply be copied. If you read the above guide and download the template pack, you will learn exactly what information should be included. Also, be sure to check out our CL samples to belonging creative questions, give you a better idea on how you can word your cover letter. Good luck on the job hunt! I am trying to write a cover letter for a managerial position in the hospitality field. Uwa Thesis Library? However, I do not see any examples. We are in the process of adding new cover letter samples and have included your suggestion in the list. In the meantime, follow the guide above and download one of cover letter templates.

Good luck on the job hunt! Basically, a cover letter is a letter of introduction. Usually I state the name of the position I’m applying for and why I am qualified for the position. At the on merits technology end of the letter, I’ll write something like “If you have any questions or to schedule an appointment for an interview, please contact me at ***-**-****.” Then double space and type “Sincerely” and then space 4 times and type your name. You’ll be signing in the space above your typed name. This has been most helpful. GBU. Glad you liked it. Share it with you your friends.

GBU, too! I am working on a resume for an experienced welder, One of the requirements is uwa thesis, a valid drivers license, which I do not possess at this time , but if I was hired, I could pay the traffic fine and get my license back with my first paycheck. Should I explain this on my resume or by telephone or in person or not at mall. In all honesty, your best bet is to find a way to pay the traffic fine and get you license back before applying for the position. Thanks for the advice. I was thinking that very thing or appearing at traffic court and setting up a payment plan which would clear the way for a re issue.

All about the money. which I happen to be in step making thesis short supply of. Thanks again. We know the library struggle. Hang in there brother! Try add figures that will impress an employer and bibliography, that pertain to the position you are applying for. Best of luck!

I live in Thailand and odd numbers here are auspicious so it probably won’t hurt to throw some of library them in. I’m still not sure what you all are referring to with bullet point ‘numbers’. Can someone explain? Thank you. thank you so much RG you really shade light on follett courseworks support, cover letters, i was clueless wat it was so mostly i would ignore it and send my applications without one from today i will do thngs differently. Download our cover letter template pack and use the tips written above.

That should get you started. Uwa Thesis Library? Best of luck! How to follett courseworks, address gaps in employment. My mom passed away unexpectedly in 2005. I was incapacitated by depression and unable to uwa thesis library, work from 2005-2008.

Got a job in courseworks support 2008 was employed until 2012 when I had a baby. i have been a stay at uwa thesis library home mom. Follett Support? Ready to go back to work again. How do I address the uwa thesis library gaps when posting my resume on job resource sites? I have spent the war 1 past six months working reworking my resume. I’ve searched hundreds of resume websites; Resme Genius is, by far, the best. Would appreciate any advice. Thanks for library, the kind words.

One of the easiest ways to of information, mask your work gaps is to use a functional format: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Give it a try and library, see what you think. Good luck on the job hunt! How do explain a reason for on merits, leaving a company when you hate your job/employer, more management than the job itself. We always recommend not to burn any bridges with former employers and to leave on a positive note. So in that case, we suggest that you explain that you are looking for an opportunity in uwa thesis library a new industry or a different position. And Effect World? Although it may sting, make sure to also thank management for uwa thesis, the opportunity you were given.

Good luck! Struggling with how to address a cover letter for lunettes en ligne persol, a summer internship. I’m not applying for a posted internship, just going to show up at an organization that my school advisor suggested I reach out uwa thesis library, to. I have no idea who I’ll be giving my cover letter to, but I don’t want to say “dear hiring manager” because technically they wouldn’t be hiring me… right? Aside from that, this guide was still very helpful. We’re glad that you found our advice helpful. Essayer En Ligne? In your case, “Dear Hiring Manager” or “Dear Madam or Sir” would be appropriate. Good luck!

So i have been asked to uwa thesis, email my salary requirements, Here is on merits of information technology, my situation though, I previously worked with this company in the same exact role. Uwa Thesis? I left for another job opportunity ( which built my skill set and experience) about a year ago this month. They have asked me to come back and fill that position again. How do I compose a salary requirement. In this situation you have the leverage, so it would be fair to ask for 10-20% more than you were paid before. The skills and experience you gained over the last year make you more valuable than you were before.

Good luck! Hi, I am trying to essayer, help a friend who is looking to move into uwa thesis a completely different line of bibliography work, he has only had 1 job since high school, which has nothing to do with what he really wants to do. How do you approach that in a cover letter, since he has no experience in the field? Your friend will have to discuss their general skills or traits that are relevant to the job. I just turned 62 and want to retire from my current job, but not ready to retire. Any suggestions on how to “put my best foot forward” when applying for a new position in an industry I’ve never worked in before? When applying for uwa thesis library, a position in an industry that you’ve never worked in before, the world war 1 essay first thing you should do is come up with a list of the relevant skills that you can transfer over to that industry. From there, you can work on ‘selling’ those particular skills in your cover letter and resume. Good luck! So glad I stumbled upon this.

Glad you found it helpful! I’m applying for uwa thesis library, a new job but the step making mining company has different projects. Would I have the company’s address or the project site address? We recommend that you use the address that the uwa thesis library cover letter is essayer lunettes en ligne persol, being sent to. If you are not sure, then use the company’s address. Good luck! Some cover letter here have helped me move on to another level.

Through this i had to pay bills for library, my ailing child . Thanks you have been of great help through the way to write a winning cover letter. Great information! My question is I have been out of the work force for about a year and a half due to birthing children and staying home for them. I am wondering if this is something i should include on my CL to explain my gap in work history or is this information to cause war 1, personal to include? Great question! If your work gap is library, longer than a couple of first step months, then you should certainly include an explanation in your cover letter. Don’t spend more than 1-2 sentences on your explanation though. Remember that you want to keep the focus of your cover letter on your experience and qualifications. You can say something like “After taking some time at home with my family,” then express how excited and enthusiastic you are to library, return to the work force and essay, how this position is exactly what convinced you that now is the time to do so.

You can use that phrase for maternity leave, or caring for older family members, or even your own issues. Shoot, you can use that even when you didn’t choose to take a break, so to uwa thesis, speak. Belonging Questions? Good luck! I’m a college dropout and uwa thesis, I couldn’t decide on which template to essay on merits and demerits technology, use for uwa thesis library, my cover letter. I quit school during my sophomore year.

We suggest using the ‘Non-Student’ templates. If your college experience is world essay, relevant to the job you are applying for, you might consider including it your cover letter. Best of luck on uwa thesis, the job hunt! Thank you Resume Genius! what if there is no job description given? how do you start of with the cover application in such a scenario? Even without a job description you can still follow the template above. Look up job descriptions for html bibliography, the same position from other companies to get an library idea of what the employers is looking for. Unless requested in the job ad, leave your salary requirements off your cover letter.

Good Luck! Fair point – it’s always good to html, be careful when sending out uwa thesis library, personal information. On Merits And Demerits Of Information? Thanks for the suggestion! Share How to Write a Cover Letter #038; 40+ Free Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to uwa thesis, your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for cause world essay, a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for uwa thesis, a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs.

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Resume Fonts, Margins, Style #038; Paper Selection. Building a resume is a process that requires finesse. If it’s stuffed with good content but formatted poorly, it will often get tossed into the “no” pile; leaving many job candidates confused as to why they never received a call back. On the other hand, if it’s clean and uwa thesis professional ( even if it’s filled with fluff ), it will frequently catch the eye of a hiring manager and land you an interview. Although content is ultimately the most significant element of your resume, it’s important to not underestimate the essayer persol, power of appearance. Uwa Thesis Library? The reason we need the first step making thesis, adage “don’t judge a book by its cover” is because we do judge things by their appearance frequently , whether we like it or not.

This guide will help you take advantage of that fact . Library? Finding the best aesthetic font , outlining ideal margins and even discussing your paper selection —we will cover it all. 1.) Best font for a resume: Style, size color. Creating a clear, succinct resume requires multiple elements working in harmony. For this to happen, one thing is certain: don’t use Comic Sans . Choosing an html aesthetic font might seem daunting, but it doesn’t need to be. People often ask us: is there a best style? We’ve crunched the numbers, and we have an answer. Uwa Thesis? The best font for a resume is… Tricked you—there isn’t truly a single best font, but there are several options that stand out amongst the rest! We will give you some solid choices and you can take it from there. Consider downloading some resume templates and belonging creative writing questions see which ones are most attractive to you.

Select your favorite, and library try out that font! First, consider this: how will you be sending your resume? Printed fonts and those read on cause and effect world, a computer monitor appear differently to the reader. There are two key groups of fonts used globally: serif and sans-serif (i.e. Uwa Thesis Library? “non-serif”). Serif fonts have accentuated corners that make them appear more distinct, especially when printed. Sans-serif fonts simply don’t have these accents, which make them clearer at essay on merits and demerits technology, smaller sizes as well as on a computer screen.

Example of library, serifs on a capital F, using Garamond Sans-serif capital F, Calibri. Keep these ideas in mind when constructing your resume. Here’s a breakdown of our top three serif and sans-serif options: Top 3 serif choices: Times New Roman : Times New Roman is a classic serif that looks good both on paper and on a computer screen. It’s a safe, standard choice for any resume.

Garamond : Garamond is an attractive option for people who enjoy a classic, graceful font. Georgia : Georgia is also a popular choice. Clear, familiar and functional, it’s a nice change for people who like Times New Roman but want something a little different. Top 3 sans-serif choices: Arial : An excellent choice if you prefer the sans-serif style. It is easy to read, and familiar to courseworks support many people due to library its appearance on follett courseworks, commonly used web applications like gmail. Calibri : Popular amongst professionals. If you’ve ever opened a Microsoft Word document, you’ve used Calibri—its use as a Word default makes it palatable for most readers. Verdana : The spacing of Verdana is uwa thesis slightly wider than Arial and quite more so than Calibri. Choose this style if you’re aiming for hsc english writing ease-of-reading. Font size is another area that you’ll need to play with to find your ideal option.

Each style handles sizing differently– for example, Garamond is noticeably smaller than Arial at 12. Many experts consider 11 to be the perfect size, but this depends on uwa thesis library, the font. The most important thing is essay and demerits that it’s clear and large enough to read . A rule of thumb is to library choose between 10 and 12; adjusting it according to your style. If you’re leaning toward a smaller font, consider selecting a sans-serif option. The simpler design will help keep visual clarity, which serif styles lose at smaller sizes. Before you shrink your words too much though, try changing the wording to html bibliography see if you can organically make it smaller. This should be your first course of uwa thesis, action, but if necessary, it’s acceptable to bibliography make minor changes to the font size margins.

The majority of resumes use a standard black and white format. There is uwa thesis library a reason for this– bright colors are distracting and take away from your actual content. With that said, you are allowed to use some color if you want, just make sure it complements your content rather than detracts from it. Essay And Demerits? Your name, as well as the headers throughout your resume can be modified– but make sure you use the same color here to keep things uniform. A dark red, blue or green can be a nice touch, but using neon colors is a surefire way to make the hiring manager take you less seriously. 2. Resume margins, length alignment. The size and shape of your resume are just as important, if not more so, than the font. At a glance, the structure already expresses certain ideas to the reader– for example, larger margins make your content seem lacking, whereas smaller margins make things feel cluttered. You don’t want your resume to get noticed for its formatting. Playing it safe is uwa thesis library advisable. Avoid extremes and essay you’ll be in good shape (pun intended).

Standard one inch by one inch margins are a good choice , but you do have some flexibility. The smallest margins considered to be acceptable are half an inch by half an inch (.5 by .5), but even this format will appear a bit heavy on the words unless done correctly. A good visual balance would be keeping your top and bottom margins between .5? and 1? , and moving between .6? and 1? for your left and right margins . Library? This will help decrease reader fatigue and make your resume more palatable for whoever is looking at follett courseworks support, it. Take a look at the following sample to library get an idea of good, balanced margins: The next image is a snippet of a resume with extremely narrow margins.

Notice how they push to the very bottom of the page– this gives a cramped feeling to the reader. Narrow margins can make reading anything a chore. For most people the ideal resume length is one page, using reasonable margins as discussed above. Occasionally two pages is acceptable, but three pages is almost always in danger of being too wordy. Here are some reasons you may need to first step making thesis make yours longer than one page: You have a large quantity of uwa thesis library, relevant experience. Many candidates can fill a resume with work experiences, but it’s usually possible to narrow them down to the most relevant ones and fit them onto world war 1 essay a single page. If you have many examples of related experience that make your application stronger, don’t be afraid to include them! You are a published scientist or academic . Proper citations can take up a lot of space, so hiring managers in these fields expect this.

Landing an executive position is uwa thesis your goal . These posts require large amounts of html bibliography, relevant experience, so it’s alright if they’re a bit extensive. Before deciding upon library, a multi-page resume, ask yourself: is the information you’ve added worth the additional page? Or will the hiring manager find it unnecessary? Your resume is a tool to first step making efficiently convey your qualifications to a potential employer so you can proceed to the interview process– you don’t need to list every piece of work you’ve ever performed. Quality is more important than quantity. If you really do need to cut the uwa thesis library, length down, you could try using a resume profile instead of html bibliography, a career objective or qualifications summary. Here’s a table to uwa thesis library check if you’re okay at your current page length, or if yours could do with a little trimming.

The best alignment makes your resume easy to read. We learn to read English from the left, therefore left alignment is always a safe bet . Your name and contact information is usually centered , but the headers (“Professional Experience”, “Education”, “Additional Skills”) and your introduction/objective can be left aligned or centered. Hsc English Creative Writing Questions? This depends on the template you’re following, as well as your personal taste. Left-aligned Resume Sample. Center-aligned Resume Sample. Left-aligned Resume Sample. Center-aligned Resume Sample. You don’t need your resume to be as stylish as this guy, but it doesn’t hurt to try! Another way to accent yours is to uwa thesis library use style elements like lines, symbols and text boxes . If implemented effectively, these can help direct the reader’s attention to your stronger sections, and make the html, overall reading experience more pleasant. If used haphazardly though, they can hurt your chances at getting an interview. Uwa Thesis Library? There are some general rules to follow if you want your style game to be on point.

Lines, like many things, must be enjoyed in moderation. Placing a strategic line after your objective makes the reader subconsciously linger on your objective. This is step thesis a good tactic if you want them to give your objective that additional attention. Lines can also be used in a functional resume to uwa thesis draw the reader’s attention toward your skills section and away from your work history. Functional resumes are great if you have are trying to and demerits mask your 1) lack of or 2) abundance of experience. They are also helpful if you have large gaps in your work history or have been jumping from library company to company, which are two things hiring managers don’t like to hsc english belonging writing questions see. Whether you’re inexperienced, over-experienced or just have a tendency to job-hop, you can use our wide range of uwa thesis, free resume templates to cause and effect world essay learn how to cover employment blemishes and emphasize your strongest areas. Pugs are cute, but this is uwa thesis library not the html bibliography, time to put a clip art image of an adorable little Pug puppy on your Veterinarian resume. The only library, flashy aspect should be your relevant work experience ; others are used to make this experience clear to essay and demerits of information technology the reader . This holds true for symbols. Bullet points come in different shapes and library sizes, and are the primary symbol used in hsc english belonging questions a resume because they draw the hiring manager’s attention to your achievements and skills. Library? If there’s a time to get a bit creative, it’s here– just remember to keep things clear.

You can’t go wrong with the step making thesis, circle bullet, but arrows diamonds are also nice choices for the less conventional job applicant. Mantis Resume Template (arrows) Lynx Resume Template (squares) Mantis Resume Template (arrows) Lynx Resume Template (squares) Some experts advise against text boxes because they are worried the uwa thesis, Applicant Tracking System (ATS) will skip over essay on merits and demerits of information technology the content placed inside, but this bias is library a bit outdated. As ATS software improves, text boxes have become a viable stylistic option for your resume. If you’re feeling conservative then feel free to steer clear of them, but if you do want to follett courseworks support use a text box or two (or several), go for uwa thesis it! Text boxes can be an ally in lunettes persol your quest to uwa thesis library achieve aesthetic harmony.

One way a well-placed text box can help your resume stand out is by emphasizing certain pieces of information , like your name. Cause And Effect War 1 Essay? Notice in the following image how a text box around the applicant’s name, “Chris Jones,” makes it jump off the page. A hiring manager is much more likely to remember this applicant as a result, which helps later on uwa thesis, in the hiring process. An applicant’s name in html bibliography a text box. Text boxes also make your content clearer to the reader because they help break information into reasonable chunks. This makes you appear organized and thoughtful, which are valuable traits in a job candidate. They also improve overall readability.

Check out how these headers are highlighted through the use of each text box. Each header included in a text box. Text boxes can also give your resume some personality and make it stand out, but don’t go overboard! They have the power to strengthen and uwa thesis library weaken your application, so use every text box responsibly. 4. Resume paper: Color, weight, size texture.

Woah, now. Of Information Technology? Your draft is uwa thesis looking pretty solid, but don’t lose control– it’s not the right time to use that Egyptian papyrus you’ve been saving as printing material. I’d also advise against essay of information, spraying it with cologne or perfume– that only works in the movies. Legally Blonde might not be the uwa thesis, place to look for bibliography job application advice. With that said, it’s still important to uwa thesis consider what impressions different types of paper may give your hiring manager. Bring a printed copy of and effect world essay, your resume to uwa thesis the interview! Even if you already emailed a copy to the hiring manager, it’s courteous and first thesis professional to have physical copies on hand. The paper color of uwa thesis, your printed resume should be some shade of cause and effect war 1 essay, white or off-white; avoid colors like baby blue or hot pink unless you’re applying to be the Easter Bunny. Plain white is library definitely acceptable for most people, but if you’re feeling adventurous you could dabble in the realm of follett, ivory or cream-colored paper. These colors stand out a bit from run-of-the-mill white paper, without standing out too much. They are like adding cuff-links to a nice dress shirt– they catch the library, eye and follett look nice, but aren’t needed to look stylish.

Have you ever felt 100% cotton, 32lbs linen paper? It’s the library, Rolls Royce of the first making thesis, paper world, and it will instantly make your resume appear more important than its 24lbs counterpart. Uwa Thesis Library? It’s soft yet sturdy, and gives the essayer en ligne, holder a strong urge to uwa thesis library never let go. Paper quality so good, you can’t help but hold it in two hands. If that paper weight texture is too inconvenient to find, see if you can still land a 32lbs option. 24lbs is better than your standard printer paper, but not by first making, much. Use some serious paper to show that you’re a serious job applicant. There are many factors that can make or break your resume, and we’ve just covered the visual elements. If it’s well-honed, it can be a valuable tool during the job hunt. Uwa Thesis Library? Try not to follett support underestimate the importance of good aesthetics ! If you’re ready to start, you can take a look at our templates pages or use our builder to construct a professional resume in minutes.

Get more interviews with our Free Resume Builder. Our software has everything you need, including industry-specific bullet points, templates formatted to fit every type of job seeker, and exportable PDFs and uwa thesis library Word docs.

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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and library easier. Need a great argument topic? Below I give over 100 ideas.

You'll write faster and easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about can make research faster and easier. Interest: Picking a question you want to know more about first step making thesis, can make this paper more interesting. Available Sources: I give links to many sources. Check those for articles first and if you find some, your work is half done. I also save you time by giving you links to videos and sample student essays. Check out my guides for writing papers too. Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and library tell me! 1. Instructions for how to cause and effect (and how not to) pick a topic. Uwa Thesis Library. 2. Lists of follett topic ideas (in the categories of uwa thesis library food and health, obesity and follett courseworks support dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and science and uwa thesis technology, with videos and many links to research and student essay examples.

3. Step-by-step instructions for how to on merits write your essay. Choosing a topic that everyone is talking about uwa thesis, makes writing an argument essay easier. Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on. Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir. It also helps if the topic is something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to get examples to essayer lunettes persol back up your essay, either from articles or from people you interview. Finally, you probably want to uwa thesis library pick a topic that is interesting to you and that you care about. Steer clear of follett overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty. For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of these essays and is not only probably bored with the uwa thesis topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in and demerits of information their ways about these issues and it is hard to think of an argument that might change their minds.

Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of cutting down forests outweigh the environmental damage? What is Love? What kind of love leads to a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to uwa thesis library raise his children full-time? What causes a man to become a stay-at-home dad and can it work out well for a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and html do more about the hunger faced by people around the world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight? How can people lose weight and uwa thesis library keep it off?

Is weight gain caused by genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way? What is the relationship between food, exercise, and weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and other calorie-counting diets often considered the questions best by doctors? Is controlling weight really a matter of library calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for on merits and demerits of information a young adult? Can vegetarian diets be healthy? Why are so many people now choosing to go on library gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for you?

Does restricting the courseworks size of uwa thesis library soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and other bad snacks? What can schools do to promote better health in students? Does intermittent fasting really help you to and effect essay be more fit? How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely? Is the T.V. Uwa Thesis Library. show The Biggest Loser helpful in motivating people to be healthy? Does the show create negative or positive feelings about morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the contestants? What causes anorexia? How can it be prevented?

How can you help an html bibliography anorexic friend? Why are more young men becoming anorexic? What is morbid obesity? How does morbid obesity affect a person's health? What should we do about the cost of healthcare for uwa thesis overweight people?

Should there be a greater insurance premium for people who are obese? Is surgery a good method for people to lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for making dieting? Is fat really bad for uwa thesis you? Is a low fat diet the best? Research Articles on Obesity and en ligne persol Dieting.

Here are some professional articles and websites that can help you start. Many of these articles contain links to other sources also. Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by uwa thesis library, Rena R. Wing and Suzanne Phelan, in American Society for Clinical Nutrition (2005). Making. The National Weight Control Registry. An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of uwa thesis weight and kept it off for on merits and demerits of information technology long periods of time.

Overweight and Obesity. U.S. government reports from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diet Topic Articles from Psychology Today . What can we do to uwa thesis help people around the world have clean water to drink? Is hunting good or bad for the environment? Should the horns of wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached?

Can we protect wild areas and essayer lunettes persol animals by promoting eco-tourism? Should the uwa thesis government discourage or regulate oil drilling in the gulf of Mexico? What are the dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference? Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and cans in order to belonging questions promote recycling?

Should schools require students to bring refillable containers for library water and other beverages rather than disposable ones? Should supermarkets charge for essayer persol plastic bags in order to encourage the use of reusable bags? Should your city (or campus) do more to encourage recycling? What causes people to litter? What could motivate people to clean up after themselves? What causes earthquakes? What can we do to reduce death or damage from uwa thesis library, earthquakes? Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the environment? Can using LED lights make a difference?

How can composting help save the environment? What is hazardous household waste and why is it important not to throw it in the regular trash? What is follett deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking? Is fracking worth the risks? Does fracking hurt drinking water? What is a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint?

What are the dangers for people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution? Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the best way to library handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and other alternative energy sources effectively? What is the best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations? Incentives?

Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?) The World Bank on Environment: Information and creative writing research about environmental issues around the world. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: On the library science and technology page, find research and information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems. Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for your topic. U.S.

Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and hsc english information. Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work? How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from? Are teenage marriages a good idea? Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of the friend zone? How can you know you are in an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in abusive relationships? What are the effects of domestic violence on library children?

Who should do the html chores in a family? What are helicopter parents and how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to uwa thesis library be an courseworks only child? Is doing sports together a good thing for families? How have video games impacted family life?

Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing? How important are grandparents to uwa thesis library children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for children? How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents? Have cell phones and social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship? How long should people date before they become engaged?

What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage? Are the expectations raised by romantic movies damaging to real relationships? Are Beauty Pageants Good for Kids? What is nanotechnology and first step how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in developing new types of computers, cell phones, or data storage?

Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Do cell phones cause a cancer risk? What should the laws be concerning the use of cell phones while driving? Have social media and texting hurt or improved the uwa thesis lives of cause and effect world essay teenagers? Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to act out violently? Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and uwa thesis library paper? Will paper and books become obsolete? What is the en ligne difference between reading on a screen and reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to uwa thesis avoid identity and and effect essay credit card theft?

Should parents be able to choose the genetics of uwa thesis library their children? Are smart watches going to replace cell phones? What is the next big leap in technology? Which is step better, the PC or the Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and quality of life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and new technology news and research reports. MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for explaining new technologies. If you want to write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the lists above.

Decide your answer to the question (this is your beginning thesis). Write down everything you know about the topic. Talk to your friends or family to find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the topic (have them give you the library source if they know it). Look at some of the research articles or web sites about that topic. Look back at your question and refine your answer. After gathering information, you may want to and effect war 1 essay change it. Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for uwa thesis the body of your essay). Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for some evidence to support those reasons (this is the essayer lunettes persol backup evidence for library each topic sentence). Write your outline, then follow it to write your paper. Do you have to do research for your paper? 100 Great Psychology Research Paper Topics. by on merits of information technology, Virginia Kearney 2.

Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas and Writing Prompts. 100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. Uwa Thesis Library. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and follett Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. This is a great resource. Uwa Thesis. I've just entered into college, and on merits and demerits of information didn't know where to begin writing my first argumentative essay. Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to do with the argumentative essay of uwa thesis library should smoking be banned because I have to do essays with research and lunettes I need some reliable sites.

Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from United States. Hi Aashi! I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too. Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in your grade for several years. I will have to put together some topics for primary grade students. Until then, you might want to look at my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for your age too. I am in primary school in uwa thesis grade 6 and I want some good topics for primary students. Courseworks Support. Good job making this page.

I don't know what to do at first. I was clueless and was browsing for answers but none of them made sense except for uwa thesis library this. Thank you very much! I think the ideas are wonderful and are very helpful! I am a Junior in high school and I have to write an argumentative paper. Hsc English Creative Questions. Your insight on how to do so has been extremely helpful.

I wanted to thank you for uwa thesis your intelligence on cause essay how to write an argumentative paper. Thanks! This website was very useful for picking out a topic for my essay. Again, thank you for helping me out! King of Stuff 8 months ago. Uwa Thesis Library. I find this website very interesting and helpful. First Making. Thank you for making it! Your tips on writing essays is uwa thesis really helping me out. Mr. fluffypants 8 months ago. I love this article. You have helped me with my school essay.

Thank you! letter pile 8 months ago. I LOVE this website. Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Nataly! You are welcome to shift the focus of the questions to whether governments should take action. My questions and topic ideas are just a starting point.

I teach my students that there are a variety of cause and effect world war 1 ways to library solve problems and follett support one of those is by having governments or larger groups take action. Uwa Thesis Library. However, I want my students to courseworks focus more on how they and their audience can personally take responsibility and action, so often my questions are more locally written. In my class, I focus on having my students address a very particular audience in uwa thesis library their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from really thinking carefully about the viewpoint of the other person and developing points that would persuade that person. In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the student is using other sources as well. However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source.

Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to see if there is an online paper you can cite as well. I find your lists great and on merits and demerits of information technology really appreciate the idea of providing useful links. Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to think more globally, from the point of view of the state and the society. Library. For example, should the state take actions to prevent high rate of divorces, which ones? Are people in developed states responsible for essay on merits providing water and food to the starving people around the globe?, etc. Uwa Thesis. I also wanted to ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources. World. Have you ever heard of any cases when professors forbid to use it? Thank you for uwa thesis library a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago. This helped me so much with my homework, thank you!

Great Efforts . First Step Making Thesis. Well done. should guns be allowed on school campus. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. This is an uwa thesis library interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to follett hear how you would develop your thesis. Uwa Thesis. preetyradd 14 months ago. i think this is cool i got a good grade on my essay thanks. Essayer Persol. Kanwal asif 14 months ago. Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from United States. Uwa Thesis. Glad this will help you three keys! ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia.

Im about to try out essay on merits of information, your suggestions in uwa thesis this great article. Im excited to see what the follett courseworks support outcome will be in how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in a written debate so to speak. Thanks so much! Thank you it is uwa thesis library really helpful. Thank you so much for the topics. First Step Making. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from Rensselaer, New York. Love the great ideas! Absolutely love the list you shared with us. Thank you so much for this Article!

Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Sometimes i find that the most easy or obvious topic the hardest to argue about. The less the words the uwa thesis greater the headache. When we prepare for debates, each word has the ability to make or break the case. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia. On Merits Technology. What an interesting range of ideas and tips!

Massive thanks for writing this, pal! Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from uwa thesis, Wales. Follett Support. A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and uwa thesis I vote up. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is very useful to those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them). I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from courseworks support, Illinois. Wow!

This is a very impressive list and great instructions. Uwa Thesis Library. I like how you were able to write the questions without giving away your position on each topic. - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. Very interesting. Fun ideas and creative questions great food for thought. Uwa Thesis Library. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and lunettes en ligne company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and uwa thesis library Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on html bibliography this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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cognos cover letter Glossary of uwa thesis Book Publishing Terms. AP Advertising and html promotion, part of the work of the sales and uwa thesis marketing department. A3, A4, A5 etc Standard size cut paper sheets used throughout Europe and the Far East. ISO A0 paper is hsc english belonging creative questions 1189 ? 841mm in library, size ( ie one square metre, with an aspect ratio of 1:v2), A1 is half that size, A2 is a quarter of A0, A3 an eighth, so A4 is one sixteenth of a square metre, 297 ? 210mm. B-size sheets are used for posters etc, and C-sizes for envelopes. RA and SRA paper sizes are for essayer en ligne untrimmed paper sheets, and uwa thesis library are about 5% or 10% larger in cause and effect, area than the corresponding A size, so SRA4 is 320 ? 225mm (remember, A4 is 297 ? 210). Library! These ISO 216 paper sizes are not used in North America, where Letter paper – shorter and slightly wider than A4 – is follett more common. A-format Standard book format (TPS = 178 ? 111mm), typically used for uwa thesis most mass market paperbacks; (US: equivalent typical mass market size is called rack size). AAC Advanced Audio Compression.

Improved system for compressing audio files to save storage or reduce download time. Used for files in html bibliography, the iTunes store. Sacrifices a little less quality than MP3 compression. AAs (Author’s Alterations) Also known as ACs, Author’s Corrections. Changes in copy or artwork after it has been typeset. Additional costs incurred for uwa thesis library AAs are in general charged to the client, not the supplier, though most typesetting quotations have a certain level of ‘allowable AAs’ built in. ABA American Booksellers Association; UK equivalent is the BA. Accessible editions General term for large print, Braille editions, e-books and audiobooks that can be used by the blind and partially-sighted, by dyslexics or others who cannot use a conventional physical book. Acid-free paper Higher quality paper treated so it doesn’t yellow as quickly as normal paper. Acquisition Beginning of the publishing process – agreeing the contract and on merits and demerits of information purchasing the rights to publish a work. Acrobat Computer application for viewing PDF files.

Some versions of Acrobat allow (very) limited editing of PDFs. This can include the annotation of the PDF with virtual sticky notes, the combination of multiple PDFs into a single file (called 'consolidation') or deletion of pages from the PDF. Most edits are at page level – the uwa thesis content of essayer lunettes persol individual pages can usually not be edited. Acrobat Distiller Computer application for ‘distilling’ or translating Postscript files into uwa thesis, PDF files. The PDFs can then be viewed with Acrobat.

Addendum Extra agreements or clauses added to the end of an existing contract. Adobe RGB An improvement on the sRGB colourspace. Courseworks Support! It allows for a wider gamut, and library particularly extends the range of greens that can be described, but at the expense of a little precision. However, monitors that support the full Adobe RGB gamut are rare and very expensive in on merits of information technology, comparison to normal (sRGB) monitors. Adshel Poster placed on bus shelter, often illuminated.

Advance Money paid to an author once the author’s book is acquired but before it is published. Library! The advance is follett courseworks support normally paid in several instalments: on signing of the contract, on delivery of the final typescript, on hardback publication and/or on paperback publication. Advances are paid against library future earnings (royalties), which means the author doesn’t receive further royalty payments until the advance has been earned out. Advance copies (Advances) Early finished copies of step thesis a book, arriving before the main print run and often used for library publicity purposes, reviews etc . AI The native file format of Adobe Illustrator. Preserves all features of Illustrator files, and usually saves faster and is smaller than an equivalent EPS file, but cannot be imported into Quark layouts. AIFF Common type of audio file. Uncompressed, so the step thesis files are large, but like WAV, they retain the full quality of the audio. cf mp3 and AAC. AIR 1) See OPI; 2) Adobe Integrated Runtime – a sort of super-Flash for building highly functional websites.

Airside An edition of a book only for uwa thesis library sale in cause world war 1, bookshops in the duty-free area of an airport. This effectively counts as an open market territory. Occasionally. special editions (particularly TPBs) are produced specifically for airside retailers. AIS Advance Information Sheet. Gives outline information about future publication of uwa thesis a book, including details of the title, author, ISBN, pub date, format, price, a description of the first making contents and uwa thesis library marketing information; (US: title sheet). ALA American Library Association. The largest library association in the United States; UK equivalent is CILIP.

ALCS Authors’ Licensing and Collecting Society. The company that collects and distributes fees to authors whose works have been borrowed ( eg from libraries), copied, broadcast etc . APA American Publishers Association. US equivalent of the UK’s PA. Application file Computer data stored in a format used only by a specific application rather than a standard, interchangeable format. Examples include Quark, Word, Excel files. Application files are often more editable and essayer persol reusable, and store features that cannot be retained in library, more portable or generic formats – for belonging writing questions example a PDF file will not retain the uwa thesis library flow of text as a Quark file will, and a TIFF image will not retain the ‘layering’ stored in a native Photoshop PSD file.

Artwork Any illustration or typeset material suitable for reproduction. On Merits! Often abbreviated to a/w. Generally applies to physical material rather than computer files. Ascender Part of a lower case letter that goes up to the general height of upper case letters – b, d, f, h, k etc have ascenders. cf descender. ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

Simple computer character set (alphabet) comprising 0–9, A–Z and a–z, plus a few basic symbols and punctuation characters. An ‘Ascii’ text file is one that contains plain English text only (‘words and uwa thesis library spaces’). There’s no fonts, no formatting, and and effect no accented characters, specialised symbols or fancy punctuation – Ascii does not even allow for proper quotation marks “ and ”. Uwa Thesis! cf Latin-1, Unicode, RTF and other rich text. Assets 1) In finance, items the company owns. Essayer Lunettes En Ligne! This can be stock (books in the warehouse are assets), or fixed assets ( eg computers, furniture). Each asset has a value, recorded in the general ledger, and the value decreases as they get older (this reduction in value is ‘depreciation’); 2) See digital asset management. Asterisk The * character, occasionally also called ‘star’. Used to indicate a footnote, or (esp. in computing) mathematical multiplication. Asterism Character looking like three asterisks, often arranged in a triangle like this: ? (your browser may not show this character properly). Usually used to indicate the presence of library a text break.

More generally, may refer to any ornamental character used to indicate a text break. Assignment (of copyright). Where a publisher buys out all the html bibliography author’s rights in library, their copyright, so the publisher owns the lunettes work outright for the full term of the copyright. This gives the publisher the freedom to uwa thesis library, use the material in any way it chooses. Buy outs can be based on a one-off fee or a royalty contract. Essay Of Information Technology! cf Licensing. At, Commercial At The @ symbol, most commonly used in e-mail addresses and uwa thesis library occasionally used to indicate unit prices (4 bananas @ 41p = ?1.64). ATM Adobe Type Manager. Software installed on old OS 9 Macs (and more rarely on old Windows PCs) that allows them to use high-quality Postscript fonts on screen. There is no ATM for OS X on newer Macs, as compatibility with Postscript fonts is built in to the system. Attachment File sent enclosed inside an bibliography, e-mail.

Attachments are limited to only 1 or 2MB in size, so are quite poor as a method of uwa thesis file transfer. cf FTP. Audible Dominant online retailer of downloadable audiobooks, now owned by Amazon. Also refers to the proprietary DRM software used to control copying of these audiobooks. Audible has an arrangement with Apple to be the sole supplier of audiobook material through the and effect essay iTunes store. Audiobook Spoken word on tape or CD, often abridged to library, fit on a reasonable number of bibliography cassettes or discs. Some audiobooks are also available as downloadable e-audio files to play on an mp3 player or iPod. Author Person or corporate body responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of a book. Is often specific to the writer of the textual content – a looser and uwa thesis library more inclusive term is contributor.

Author’s copies Free copies given to the author on publication. Normally, the contract specifies six free copies. Bibliography! Further copies can be purchased at a special ‘author’s discount’. B-format Standard book format (TPS = 197 ? 130mm), slightly larger than A-format, typically used for uwa thesis library more upmarket or literary paperbacks. BA The Booksellers Association. The Book Tokens company and essayer en ligne Batch are subsidiaries of the uwa thesis library BA; (US: equivalent is the ABA). Backad Promotional page added at the end of a book (usually a mass market paperback), advertising books by the same author or other similar titles. Backads use up any spare pages left when the courseworks support te ? t of the book doesn’t exactly fill the extent (because the extent has to be a multiple of uwa thesis 16).

Backlist Books published in previous years that are still in print. Especially in children’s publishing, a book can remain on the publisher’s backlist for lunettes persol many years. Children’s backlist books often outsell new titles and for that reason, many bookshops carry more backlist than frontlist titles. Uwa Thesis! Thorsons is another good example of strong backlist performance. In HC’s financial analysis, products become backlist titles 9–12 months after publication.

Backmatter Material printed after the main copy of the book – notes, supplementary material, index etc , and backads. More usually termed endmatter. Barcode 1) A conventional ‘Bookland’ barcode on a book has the ISBN printed above the stripes, with the courseworks support EAN at the bottom. The barcode stripes actually represent the EAN, not the ISBN, and the barcode ‘symbology’ is EAN-13. See also UPC barcode, a different symbology that sometimes appears on book products for the US market. Library! Why ‘Bookland’? EANs typically have short prefixes that indicate the lunettes en ligne country of issue of the EAN ( eg a 50 prefix indicates a British EAN – though it doesn’t mean the item was manufactured in the UK). All ISBNs are by uwa thesis library, nature international, so a 978 prefix is used in the EAN to indicate a fictitious country called Bookland; 2) Other types of barcode (different symbologies) can appear on cartons containing multiple products, and on pallets, shipping labels etc , for example ITF-14 and EAN-128 barcodes. Barcoder Intranet-based system to create Bookland barcodes (as EPS graphics files), for incorporation on cover layouts. Baseline Imaginary line along the bottom of step making thesis all characters in a line of typeset text. Characters with descenders – g, j, p, q and uwa thesis so on cause world war 1 – extend below the baseline.

Batch Online service company that provides an aggregated invoice and payment system, with the library aim of allowing small book retailers to deal with publishers more efficiently. Batch aggregates invoices and payments, allowing the bookshop to bibliography, view a single invoice and make a single payment: Batch then pays all the uwa thesis library individual publishers. On Merits Of Information! Batch is owned by the Booksellers Association. BDS Bibliographic Data Services, a company that provides bibliographic cataloguing data and services to the library community. Responsible for maintaining CIP data on behalf of the British Library. Uwa Thesis Library! cf Nielsen BookData. BEA BookExpo America, Chicago-based book fair held in late spring by the ABA. Best endeavours Legal term indicating a very thorough effort to accomplish something, irrespective of any commercial or logistical considerations. cf Reasonable endeavours, which allow for other considerations ( eg the overall cost or difficulty of the effort) to be taken into account.

Bibliographic data Information about our products including title, author, ISBN, pub date, price, which is used in brochures, catalogues, stocklists and order forms, and is supplied to Bookdata and passed on cause and effect world to the uwa thesis library rest of the trade. Without this metadata, no one would know what we have available to and effect world war 1, sell. BIC Book Industry Communication, an industry-wide standards setting body, funded jointly by the PA, BA, and CILIP (formerly the LA). BIC is best known for uwa thesis library ‘BIC Subject categories’, the UK’s standard system of book subject classification, but acts as an umbrella organisation setting and maintaining technical standards for writing questions EDI, for library bibliographic data including ONIX and for other e-commerce-related data exchanges within the follett courseworks UK book trade, and acts as an ‘evangelist’ and facilitator for other industry-wide initiatives; (US: equivalent is library BISG, the Book Industry Study Group). BIC subject categories Hierarchy of classifications used to describle what a book is essay of information about. In principle, similar to the the Dewey system used in many academic libaries. BIC subject categories are standard across the UK book trade, and are used in Plan G, and in ONIX; (US: equivalent is the BISAC subject classification). BIDS Business Information Decision Support system. On-screen database providing sales information, stock holding and library other product and customer-related data.

The original BIDS has now beensuperseded by BIDS II; (US: equivalent is ISIS). BIDS II Current Intranet-based replacement for the original BIDS, which was retired in early 2007. Binding 1) Action of folding a printed sheet (a signature), then sewing, stapling or gluing several folded signatures into belonging creative questions, a book block, trimming the pages and attaching the cover. Uwa Thesis! 2) Material and method used to bind a book ( eg hardback or paperback). BISAC Book Industry Standards and Communications, the follett standards setting forum within BISG, best known for BISAC subject classification, equivalent of UK's BIC subject categories. Blackberry PDA-like handheld computer providing mobile e-mail and uwa thesis library mobile phone functions. Blad A booklet produced by binding sample pages of a book in the intended cover, used for publicity and promotional purposes, most often for illustrated books. Blanket Rubber-coated roller in a litho printing press, see offset litho. Bleed Off-page area printed to lunettes en ligne, allow for minor inaccuracies in trimming.

Generally anything intended to uwa thesis, print right up to the edge of the page is extended, and bleeds about belonging creative writing questions, 3mm beyond the intended edge of the library trimmed page area. Blurb A short quote or text used to promote a book, often meaning the hsc english creative questions cover copy, or AIS text. Board Stiff cardboard rather than paper, generally more than 200gsm. Board book Short book where each page is stout cardboard rather than paper, for infants and toddlers. Uwa Thesis! See also rag book. Body copy The main text portion of cause war 1 a page, excluding the running head or footer. BOGOF Buy One Get One Free. A common sales promotion.

Book block Semi-bound book without cover attached. Book packager Book packagers create new titles from concept to bound book for publishers, as opposed to publishers using in-house staff and existing authors to do the same. Packagers do not have their own manufacturing and distribution – they rely on publishers for library that part of the process. Book proof/Bound proof Page proofs bound together with a thick paper cover, usually for essayer lunettes persol promotion/publicity purposes. Book proofs are generally uncorrected. If largely corrected, they are advance copies. BookData (Nielsen BookData) Bibliographic services company, now a part of Nielsen Entertainment, which is itself ultimately owned by Dutch media and market info company VNU.

Formed through the merger of the uwa thesis library two major UK-based bibliographic companies (the formerly independent BookData company plus Whitaker) in 2003. Follett Support! Nielsen BookData takes bibliographic information from publishers and supplies it to the rest of the trade – wholesalers, retailers etc . BookData is the library primary data supplier to hsc english creative questions, Amazon, Waterstones, Play and virtually all other book trade companies. Bookdata’s database of library bibliographic information – for our titles and those of persol other publishers – can be checked directly via its BookData-Online service. The most direct US equivalent is Bowker, though US wholesalers Baker and Taylor and Ingram also collect and disseminate bibliographic data. Nielsen Entertainment also includes Nielsen BookScan and library Neilsen BookNet (operator or TeleOrdering). BookScan (Nielsen BookScan) Service that monitors book sales at point of sale throughout the essayer en ligne UK, providing valuable market information, including bestseller lists. Uwa Thesis! Represents best estimate of sell-out (or sell-through) ( cf sell-in). Originally a part of Whitaker and previously called BookTrack, BookScan is courseworks now owned by uwa thesis library, Nielsen Entertainment. It relies on the BookData bibliographic database, and aggregates data collected from EPOS systems in a wide sample of retailers.

BOSS Computer-based warehouse management system, responsible for tracking physical stock in the warehouse. Bowker Leading US-based supplier of bibliographic services, roughly the equivalent of Bookdata. And Effect! Bowker also owns and operates Pubeasy. BPIF British Printing Industries Federation. Brackets Correct term for square brackets [ and ], esp. in US, though also loosely refers to round brackets ( and ) in UK. Often used to surround a section of quoted text that is not in fact verbatim. Library! cf braces and parentheses. Bradbury Phillips Rights and royalties management software, formerly used in html bibliography, the UK for rights and subrights sales, and still in use in HarperCollins US. British Library Main UK ‘copyright library’, in St.

Pancras, London. A copy of each book published must be lodged with the BL (‘legal deposit’); US equivalent is the Library of Congress. Broadband Connection (usually from your home computer) to the internet. Much faster than a conventional ‘dial-up’ modem, always on, and allows you to use the phone at the same time. It’s usually connected up through an ‘ADSL modem’ or ‘ADSL router’ fitted between your PC or Mac and uwa thesis your old phone line, but sometimes available via a ‘cable modem’ as an addition to support, your cable TV service. Brochure Monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced around 5 months ahead of library pub. Created by first step, Home Sales dept, as part of library subscription process and essay on merits and demerits of information technology sell-in, but not that widely used these days. See also Sales CD. Browse Inside HarperCollins’ name for an internet application that allows you to see and read the pages of a book online.

The first Browse Inside application was Flash-based, and launched in August 2006. As well as appearing on HarperCollins own website, Browse Inside application can be embedded in retailers’ websites and even on consumers’ blogs or MySpace pages. The current version is much improved, JavaScript-based, and offers full text search as well as page-by-page browsing. There is even a version of Browse Inside for the Apple iPhone. Uwa Thesis! Browse Inside is the major application based on HarperCollins’ digital repository at NewsStand.

Other publishers have similar applications – for example, Random House have ‘InSight’, and generically, they are often called book widgets. Bulk 1) The book bulk is the thickness of a book, excluding the binding. cf Spine width; 2) Bulk can also be used to describe the thickness of a single paper sheet, generally measured in cause world war 1 essay, microns ( 1 / 1000 ths of a millimetre); (US: caliper, measured in mils [ 1 / 1000 ths of an inch]). Uwa Thesis! See also GSM. Bullet A large dot ( • ) used for ornamentation, lists etc . A ‘mid-dot’ is much smaller, like a full stop raised off the essayer en ligne persol baseline. Business Objects Software tool to extract and analyse data and create structured data reports from the BIDS database and the data warehouse. Buy-in Where finished copies are imported ( eg from the US) for HC to sell/distribute in the UK. C-format Generally a large-format paperback, though there’s no universal agreement on exact size (commonly it’s Royal-sized, though in uwa thesis, Thorsons, it often means TPS = 216 ? 159mm).

Camera-ready copy (CRC) . Material – text or illustrations – ready to be photographed as part of the lunettes en ligne persol printing process. With the increasing use of computer-to-plate setting (CTP), this is now not so commonly used. Cap height Height of the upper case letters in typeset text, most easily measured from the baseline to the top of the cap H. Caret In copy-editing, a mark-up symbol ? looking like a reversed Greek lamda or upside down y, indicating place to insert new text or correction. Cash flow The balance of actual cash received and paid out during a month or year. Cast-off An estimate of the number of uwa thesis library lines of lunettes en ligne persol a column or printed pages that the text will occupy when set in a given typeface and measure. Catalogue Annual/six-monthly illustrated catalogue of library future publications, produced 6–12 months ahead of pub. Used primarily by Publicity and International Sales depts. CE 1) In fonts, indicative that the font contains characters and diacritics necessary for Central European languages; 2) The CE logo on a product is a declaration by creative writing questions, the manufacturer that the product meets all the appropriate provisions of the uwa thesis library relevant legislation implementing certain European Directives; 3) In dates, Common Era (secular equivalent of AD). Chapbook Also Chapter book.

Short booklet, often a children’s book. Originally a small book or pamphlet of popular, sensational, juvenile, moral or educational content sold by street merchants, known as ‘chapmen’. Check digit Final digit of an ISBN or EAN. The check digit is hsc english belonging creative based mathematically on a combination of the library other digits, so it can be used to verify the number – if the check digit isn’t what it’s ‘supposed’ to be, you know there’s an error in the number somewhere. Children’s Book Marketing Code (CBMC) Five-character classification attached to courseworks, children's titles, developed by BIC and the PA to enable industry-wide market analysis. The code includes elements that indicate the format of the book, the target age and subject matter, whether it’s illustrated, and whether it is character-led or tied to uwa thesis, TV or a film. Chromaticity Colour, without any relation to brightness. Slightly bizarrely, black and white have the same chromaticity, because they differ only in that black has zero brightness.

CIE Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage. International organization founded in 1932 that developed a set of follett courseworks support universal colour standards and colourimetry techniques. Best known for developing the standard CIE chromaticity diagram on library which the gamuts of various colourspaces can be plotted. Follett Support! See also ICC. CIP3 In printing, specific instructions about how to print a job, embedded into the Postscript or PDF file, a type of electronic ‘job ticket’. It specifies the amount of ink needed on the press, for uwa thesis example, and the folding sequence needed to match the imposition, and in lunettes persol, principle – with the most modern robotic presses – allows the automation of uwa thesis make ready and binding setup. Citrix Software used to provide thin client services to computers in the office and – via Nfuse – on the internet.

CJK Chinese, Japanese, Korean. Shorthand term for those languages and world war 1 essay scripts, and loosely of other east Asian languages and scripts. CMYK Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (or ‘key’, hence the ‘K’). Uwa Thesis Library! Cyan is first making thesis a turquoise blue, magenta a deep pink/fuchsia colour. The four ‘process colours’ used in four-colour printing to simulate all other colours, by halftoning them together. In fact there are many colours that cannot be properly matched by combining CMYK, eg metallics and many strong oranges, greens and uwa thesis library blues (the gamut of the CMYK colourspace is quite small) – hence the essay of information need for library special spot colour inks. Co-edition Usually a highly illustrated book, for which the bibliography production costs are shared with other publishers in different markets, most often with foreign language publishers. Co-op US: Co-operative advertising, when a bookseller and a publisher share the cost of advertising and promotion.

The publisher usually pays the larger percentage. Coated paper Paper treated to improve its whiteness, opacity and/or smoothness. Codec Compressor/decompressor. Software for compressing or decompressing and reproducing compressed files. Library! JPEG for on merits images, mp3 and AAC for audio and H.264 (which is part of MPEG4) for uwa thesis video are all varieties of codec. Cognos ‘Business intelligence’ software for analysis of sales and customer data held in the data warehouse. Cognos PowerPlay is the main analysis/reporting part of the Cognos suite. Collate 1) In editing, to transfer corrections from two or more sets of page proofs – eg the proofreader’s set and html author’s set – on to one set; 2) In binding, arranging the printed signatures in order to make the book block. Colophon 1) Logo of publisher or imprint; 2) A statement, often on the copyright/imprint page or occasionally at the end of a book, giving information about the uwa thesis library publisher, printer, typography and design, and follett production materials and methods used. Colour Management System Software which takes account of the colour profiles embedded in images and the colour profile of the uwa thesis library display or printing device, modifying the colours in the image before display to essayer en ligne, compensate for the characteristics of the output device and ensure the uwa thesis final displayed or printed image is as faithful as possible to the original.

Colour Profile ICC colour profiles attached to images in html bibliography, TIFF or EPS files define how the numerical data in the image file should be interpreted – effectively, they define the colourspace for uwa thesis the image. Profiles attached to output devices indicate how that device will interpret data sent to it. Html Bibliography! See also colour management. Colourspace The scale on which colour data (such as that in TIFF or EPS files) should be interpreted. The colourspace defines how red is red, how bright is white, what gamma to use and so on, and so defines the gamut of the colourspace and uwa thesis the precision with which colours within the and effect gamut can be described. The colourspace a particular image is defined in uwa thesis library, can be described with an on merits, ICC colour profile.

The most commonly used standard colourspaces include sRGB, Adobe RGB, and Euroscale. Commissioned work Editors commission or acquire work from authors, often on uwa thesis the basis of an abstract or sample chapter. The author signs a contract and receives an advance, then writes and delivers the manuscript later. cf slush pile. Commonwealth In territorial rights, the list of courseworks countries included in the ‘Commonwealth’ varies wildly – check the contract! Typically covers Canada, Australia and library New Zealand, India, South Africa and much of the Caribbean. Follett Support! But Canada is a frequent exclusion, Mozambique an unexpected inclusion. Composite 1) In Postscript or PDF files, where the C, M, Y and K data for a page (and possibly also data for other plates on that page) is held together in a single page image. cf preseparated; 2) In graphic design, overlaying two images so one can be seen ‘through’ the other. The images are usually composited together in Photoshop. Compositing 1) Action of typesetting text; 2) In graphics, overlaying multiple images into a single design.

The use of uwa thesis library semi-transparent images or soft edges and step making transitions between images distinguish it from simple overlaid cutout images (which have hard edges). Computron In-house purchase ordering and financials system. Content management Software that allows you to manage the text and graphical content of websites in a highly structured way, usually witin a database. Contract The contract between author (and/or agent) and the publisher gives the publisher the rights to publish a work, perhaps in a limited set of territories, and specifies the uwa thesis royalties due. Rights licensed or assigned to cause, the publisher can be exclusive ( ie the author cannot license the same rights to anyone else), or non-exclusive. Contributor Person or corporate body responsible for uwa thesis library part of the intellectual or artistic content of a book. Hsc English Belonging Writing Questions! A looser and more inclusive term than author, contributors can include photographers or illustrators, compilers, translators, abridgers, indexers and writers of introductions or forewords. Copy-editing Checking a typescript for uwa thesis spelling, grammar and first step content errors, and marking up corrections to uwa thesis library, be made when typesetting.

Can be done on-screen or on paper. Html! cf Proof-reading. Copyright The right to perform, reproduce, display, sell, transform into uwa thesis, anoter medium or otherwise use original work or other intellectual property that is expressed in text, images, sound – a right enshrined in the Universal Copyright Convention (the ‘Berne Convention’, originally agreed in essay on merits and demerits of information, 1886 and subsequently revised by uwa thesis, the United Nations in Berlin in 1952 and in Paris in 1971). The copyright in a work is held by the author or creator, and can subsequently be passed on ( eg to the author’s estate), or licensed or assigned to publishers (and others) in a contract. Unlike a patent or a trademark, copyright is automatic – you don’t need to register it to and demerits of information, gain protection. Copyright in a work persists for up to 70 years after the death of the original creator, and prevents exploitation of the work by those other than the copyright holder or a licensee. Certain groups, eg VIPs, hold a copyright exception and can make copies for library their own use without obtaining permission. Copyright notice Every book should contain a copyright notice, usually on the title verso, consisting of the copyright symbol ©, the html date of publication and the copyright owner.

However, as copyright is automatic, this isn't a necessity for uwa thesis any legal reason – it’s largely convention, and a courtesy to those seeking permissions. Copyright page Also called the imprint page, generally the title verso, often page 4. Core stock List of titles that a retailer tries to keep in stock at all times. Cover 1, 2, 3, 4 US: Cover 1 is the front cover, cover 4 the questions back cover. Covers 2 and 3 form the uwa thesis library cover reverse (the IFC and IBC). Cover boards Cardboard forming the covers of a hardback book, usually hidden by covering them with Wibalin or decorative paper (and on the inside, with the endpapers). Cover copy The text that is to essay on merits of information, appear on the cover of a book, usually written by the editor and/or marketing copywriter. Varieties include ‘flap copy’ and ‘jacket copy’. Cover proof/jacket proof An early printing of the uwa thesis cover or jacket of a book, produced for sales and publicity purposes. Cover reverse The inside covers of a paperback book, esp. when illustrated in some way, eg with author photo, backlist covers.

See also IFC/IBC; (US: covers 2 and 3). Coverage Total amount of ink on the paper, generally as a total percentage of each of the coloured inks. Essayer Lunettes En Ligne Persol! Particularly dark coloured areas may have more than about 250% coverage, and library make the paper dry too slowly, causing offset. CPM Cost per mille. Cost of advertising/promotion per 1000 viewers, copies, impressions, page views etc (depending on of information technology medium). Creep In binding, where the middle pages of a folded signature extend slightly beyond the outside pages. Uwa Thesis! When trimmed, the essayer lunettes persol text is too close to the foredge. The cure is ‘shingling’, where the inner pages in the section are deliberately printed offset slightly toward the uwa thesis library spine fold, so that as the signature is folded they will creep back to their correct position.

Critical path The series of processes and tasks leading up to publication of a book, and the idealised timetable for completion of those tasks. Plan G and first PM present this as a series of milestone events (ms received, ms to typesetter, page proofs to editor etc ), together with target and deadline dates for each milestone. Uwa Thesis! Also called that title’s ‘schedule’. Lunettes Persol! (Strictly, the critical path is the series of latest possible milestone dates that can lead to library, on-time publication, but schedules are constructed to ensure each stage is creative writing questions completed in good time, with some allowance for uwa thesis contingencies.) CRM Customer Relationship Management, software that provides Customer Services staff with an integrated view of customer information, order, dispatch, delivery and payment history, contact history and follett courseworks support other details allowing enquiries and orders can be dealt with effectively, and enabling proactive one-to-one marketing. Cromalin A brand name for a system producing a one-off colour proof of a jacket or illustration from separated film using coloured powders, as opposed to a full litho print run of cover proofs. Used to check colour only, not content. Uwa Thesis! Because it is made from separated film, a Cromalin proof duplicates the halftone dot structure that will in the final job, so it can be used to test for moire. Though it shares a brand name, ‘Digital Cromalin’ is cause and effect quite different – a digital ink-jet proof that does not require film or powders, similar to an Iris proof.

See also CTP. Library! cf Wet proof. Crop Select part of an image for reproduction, rather than the lunettes en ligne whole of the original. CRR Contracts, Rights and Royalties. HarperCollins is uwa thesis library currently implementing a comprehensive new CRR database system built around an application called PPM from German software company Klopotek. It handles all aspects of contract creation, royalty payments, ISBN issuing and subrights sales. Cryptography Branch of hsc english questions mathematical relating to codes and codebreaking. Cryptographic codes lie behind the security of computer systems like VPN and DRM. CTP Computer-to-plate, ie platemaking without film, using a laser to uwa thesis library, ‘draw’ directly onto the metal printing plate. Requires publisher or repro house to bibliography, supply material to the printer as Postscript or PDF instead of film. No cromalin or ozalid proofing stage, because there is no film, but digital colour proofs of cromalin-equivalent quality are available ( eg Iris).

Custos rotulorum In latin, ‘keeper of the scrolls’ – archiving working application files and finished PDFs is an uwa thesis, important job. Cutout An image isolated from its background. Essayer Lunettes Persol! The line cut around the image is called a ‘clipping path’. Dagger The † symbol sometimes used to indicate footnotes in text. Also comes in uwa thesis, ‡ (double dagger) flavour. DAM Digital Asset Management. Making! A networked database system for storing, managing, retrieving and distributing digital content files – individual ‘digital components’ or ‘assets’ like scans, logos, text files, through to complete layouts, documents and finished, ready-to-print PDFs. Uwa Thesis Library! Most DAM systems integrate to some extent with content creation applications like Quark, Illustrator, Photoshop and simplify workflow while the work is in step making, progress, as well as managing storage and easing the location and reuse of assets after they are finalised and archived. HarperCollins’ DAM system is called Telescope. See also DDR, which is closely linked to DAM.

Note that DAM is a purely internal system, whereas DDR is a purely external system. DAM contains final files for uwa thesis library all types of product plus the components that were used to create them, whereas DDR contains only html bibliography, final PDFs. Data warehouse Database that consolidates business information from several sources including Vista, Plan G, and uwa thesis enables analysis with tools such as Business Objects, BIDS II and Cognos. ‘Day and date’ Film industry term for hsc english creative simultaneous release of a media property in different forms, as when releasing a film to DVD at the same time as the theatrical release (in a normal ‘tiered release’ the DVD would be released several months later). In books, it suggests a film tie-in book should be carefully timed to uwa thesis, publish on the same day as the film opens in cinemas (and possibly be embargoed to prevent early sales from bookshops).

DCS Desktop Colour Separations. A version of the standard EPS format, developed by Quark, used for preseparated colour images, particularly those including spot colours. DDR Digital Distribution Repository. Developing system to build a global database of hsc english creative writing HarperCollins products, so that you could search for and view the uwa thesis actual pages of HarperCollins books via the internet. Intended to essay of information technology, be a promotional tool, accessible via Amazon, Google etc , though with access restrictions to prevent searchers seeing so much that purchasing the book becomes unnecessary.

HarperCollins has teamed with NewsStand, a Texas-based company to develop the uwa thesis library repository. See also DAM, which is belonging creative questions closely linked to uwa thesis, DDR. Deckle edge Foredge of a book block left rough and untrimmed, or more likely, carefully trimmed to make it look rough and untrimmed. Defamation Any statement, written or spoken, which tends to lower a person’s reputation or expose them to dislike or ridicule. If untrue and lunettes en ligne intentional, defamation can be either libelous or slanderous. Demy (occasionally Demi) A standard book format (TPS = 216 ? 135mm), usually hardback, often used for library edition hardbacks and more literary hardback fiction ( cf trade paperback). Slightly smaller than the uwa thesis more common Royal format. Html! Pronounced as in uwa thesis, ‘deny’. Die Metal stamp with a raised pattern, used to emboss eg a cover, apply metallic foil, or to cut out an irregular shape in paper or board.

Dingbat A non-alphabetic character such as a bullet, star, tick, arrow or flower, usually relatively simple rather than highly stylised or ornamented. Lunettes En Ligne Persol! ‘Dingbats’ is the name of a particular pi font consisting entirely of useful dingbat characters. Library! cf ornament. Discount (retailer discount) Books generally do not have a wholesale price, but are sold to retailers based on a discount from the final recommended retail price. The discount varies from retailer to retailer (bigger retailers get more discount) and from list to list (there’s a bigger discount on mass market fiction than on high-value non-fiction). See also PPG. Discretionary hyphen (soft hyphen) Hyphen inserted into a word to follett, improve the word spacing on a fully justified line of text.

Distributor Company that holds the primary stock of books, to which the library printer delivers manufactured books, and html bibliography from which wholesalers and retailers are supplied. Some publishers (including HCP) act as distributors too. Uwa Thesis Library! Generally, distributors are exclusive distributors, at least within one territory, whereas wholesalers are not exclusive. DocBook An XML DTD used for creative structuring book texts. Uwa Thesis Library! The text of the book contains XML markup that divides it up into essay on merits of information technology, parts, chapters, paragraphs, tables, lists, footnotes and so on. The markup is structural and semantic, rather than having anything to do with how the text content should be presented, and the docbook can be processed automatically to create e-books, large print, conventional print, synthetic audio versions of the book. Similar to OEB format.

DOI Digital Object Identifier. System of library alphanumeric identifers for bibliography intellectual property, combining identification (like an ISBN) and uwa thesis library resolution (like a URL). Unlike ISBNs, they can be applied at any scale – whole works, chapters, paragraphs, illustrations, photos – and provide an electronic way of on merits of information searching for that asset. Dot gain Printing defect, where the dots in a halftone print larger than they should because the ink spreads a little on uwa thesis the paper, creating darker greys or colours than intended. Belonging Creative! Printers compensate for library dot gain in platemaking: if you want a 50% tint of black, they make a plate with eg 45%, and lunettes persol the dot gain on uwa thesis the press brings it back up to 50% ink coverage. DPI Dots per Inch. The resolution – the amount of detail – in a TIFF or JPEG file. Measured in dots (or pixels) per inch. En Ligne Persol! Note that the dpi of a scan should be at uwa thesis library least twice the halftone screen, so 300 dpi for reproduction as a 150 LPI halftone. DPS Double-page spread.

A layout or proof showing a pair of facing pages. DRM Digital Rights Management, software which uses some form of encryption to protect intellectual property from cause and effect, copyright infringement, and seeks to uwa thesis library, prevent material being exchanged freely over the internet (as music or film files are with LimeWire or BitTorrent, and once were with Napster). The basic idea is that important files are encrypted so that only one computer can decrypt the file, and it can never be saved in its unencrypted form – so you can freely copy the encrypted data around, but it will only be of essayer lunettes en ligne any use to the one original purchaser. Drop cap (capital) Large decorative capital letter at the beginning of an opening paragraph. Drop ship Dispatching a book direct from the uwa thesis library printer (or perhaps from the distributor) direct to the consumer, without physically passing through the retailer. DTD A Document Type Definition specifies the range of mark-up tags allowed in an XML document.

Dues 1. Essay And Demerits Of Information! Unfulfilled orders – books ordered by wholesaler or retailer but not yet supplied by library, publisher. War 1 Essay! Most often this arises before publication, where subscription orders are held as dues – and are also known as ‘forward orders’ – but it also happens when a title is out of stock and awaiting reprint (RUC); 2. Can also refer to stocks of books in the warehouse that are set aside to uwa thesis library, supply these unfulfilled orders. Dummy Handmade mock-up of a book, usually folded together or bound from unprinted pages. Dumpbin Temporary, free-standing decorative box, usually cardboard, produced by essay, the publisher to display face-out copies of uwa thesis books in a retail environment. See POS.

Duotone A two-colour halftone reproduction from a black-and-white photograph. Generally used to improve contrast or bring out detail in making, the shadows and highlights. Uwa Thesis Library! Tritones also exist, but are rare. E-audio Downloadable version of an audiobook. First Making! Generally an library, mp3 file (or similar) with the same audio content as the physical CD or tape audiobook. The file is encrypted with DRM software to prevent casual copying of the courseworks file. The dominant retailer is Audible. E-book A book that is available in electronic format for distribution over the internet and for uwa thesis reading on screen (of a laptop, desktop computer, PDA, or a dedicated e-book reading device). These books are usually available as data files in Adobe Acrobat, Palm format or Microsoft Reader format, but there are many other formats.

All include DRM encryption to stop them from being copied and pirated. E-book reader Handheld electronic device suitable for – or solely dedicated to – viewing e-books. Examples of dedicated devices include the unsuccessful 2001-vintage Rocketbook and the slightly more successful 2006 Sony Librie e-book reader. Most PDAs, PCs and Macs can also be used as e-book readers, with appropriate software. For example Microsoft Reader software runs on Windows Mobile PocketPC PDAs and some Windows Mobile phones. Epub One particular standard format of essay of information technology e-book file. Has no wide support as yet (2007) but is likely to become the uwa thesis library single standard format, superseding more proprietary formats such as Palm reader or Microsoft Reader format. The standard was developed by the IDPF (replacing its original Open E-book [OEB] format), and Epub files can be read by Adobe Digital Editions software. ERRP Recommended retail price for a downloadable electronic product such as an e-book or e-audio. Generally set at around 70% of the price of an hsc english belonging creative, equivalent ‘traditional’ or physical product on paper, tape or CD.

EAN European Article Number. Now officially called the EAN.UCC. The 13-digit number at uwa thesis library the bottom of the barcode, which is related to the ISBN. All EANs linked to ISBNs (ISBN-10s) start 978… – the 978 prefix identifies a so-called ‘Bookland’ EAN. Essay On Merits And Demerits! Why? Because many other EAN prefixes identify countries. ISMNs and future ISBN-13s start with 979…, and library ISSNs link to 977… prefixed EANs. Earn out A book earns out when enough copies have been sold for html bibliography the royalties to cover the advance.

No actual per-sale royalties are paid until a book earns out (or rather, they have already been paid in advance). EDI Electronic Data Interchange. Method for exchanging business-to-business messages such as orders, invoices, dispatch notes, receipt notes through a computer network. Uwa Thesis Library! Also used for updating BookData, wholesalers and major retailer customers with the latest PA (price and availability) information on bibliography our products. EDItEUR International umbrella group coordinating development of technical standards for electronic commerce in library, the book and essayer en ligne persol serials industries. BIC and BISG are affiliates of library EDItEUR. Edition A group of cause and effect books printed without changes to uwa thesis library, the content (originally from a single set of printing plates). A second edition would incorporate significant revisions (and so would need new plates) and first making thesis should get a new ISBN. Originally one edition meant a single print run, but these days an library, edition may consist of several separate printings, or impressions. EEA European Economic Area, a free-trade area made up of the 25 EU countries plus a few extra (specifically, three of the step making four EFTA countries, Norway, Iceland and uwa thesis library Lichtenstein). The EEA agreement provides a ‘uniform internal market’ across these 28 countries – the internal market provides for freedom of movement of people, goods, services, capital, and great uniformity in regulations relating to trade, including social policy, consumer protection, the environment and company law).

In territorial rights, the EEA is often what’s meant by ‘Europe’ – at other times Europe implies the continent, which would additionally include Switzerland, the Balkans, EU candidate countries like Romania and Turkey, plus Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and (possibly) the trans-Caucasus (Georgia etc ). EFTA European Free Trade Association – Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (though several other countries were previously members and follett courseworks are now members of the European Union). EFTA countries are not EU members, but all except Switzerland have signed the EEA agreement. ELC Electronic Learning Credit. Earmarked money given to uwa thesis library, schools specifically to step, fund purchases of educational software. To be eligible for purchase with ELCs, products must be registered on the Curriculum On-Line (COL) website. The ELC scheme ends in mid-2008. Ellipsis Three dots ( … ) used to indicate an omission or elision. Em 1) Traditional measurement equivalent to 12 points ( ie approximately one sixth of an inch, or a bit more than 4mm). Uwa Thesis! Properly called a ‘pica em’, and occasionally termed a ‘mutt’; 2) Less often, a distance equal to the point size of the type – an em space in 9pt type is bibliography 9 points of space. Of course, these two meanings are the same, because 12-point type used to be called ‘pica type’.

Em-dash/Em-rule Long dash character ( — ) about 1 em long, mainly used in the UK for interrupted sentences (a construction called an anacoluthon). ‘Where was that—Aha, here it is!’ See also en-dash. Embargo Instruction to retailers indicating a book must not be sold before the nominal publication date. Usually an embargo aims to protect the value of a serialization deal. Library! See also Release date, Publication date. En Half an em, traditionally 6 points, or these days, half the point size. Occasionally called a ‘nut’. En-dash/En-rule Dash character ( – ) mainly used for a punctuation dash – like this – normally with a space either side. Usually indicates a parenthetical phrase within a sentence. First Thesis! Also used without spaces, to uwa thesis library, indicate ranges of numbers, eg 77–85.

En-dashes are longer than normal hyphens, but shorter than em-dashes (see -, – and —); (US: parenthetical phrases are usually typeset using an em-dash without spaces, where UK typographical usage would be an en-dash with spaces). Endmatter Printed material found in html bibliography, the back of a book after the main text, eg notes, appendix, bibliography, index; (US: backmatter). Endnotes Notes that come after the main text of the book or at the end of uwa thesis library each chapter. cf footnotes. Endpapers In a hardback book, a folded sheet, one half of which is pasted to the front or back of the cover boards. The other half, the hsc english belonging writing questions flyleaf, is pasted along the folded edge to the first or last page of the book block. Endpapers can be plain, coloured or illustrated.

Epigraph A quotation in the prelim pages or at the beginning of a part or chapter. EPOS Electronic Point Of Sale. Point-of-sale computer systems used in bookshops – essentially cash tills linked to a computer. Can also cover retail systems that keep track of what’s in stock in the shop and what has to library, be ordered/reordered from the distributor or wholesaler. EPS Encapsulated Postscript file. Computer image data consisting of persol a set of lines, shapes and text described in uwa thesis, Postscript. EPS files come in several different ‘flavours’, depending on the version of Postscript, whether or not they also contain a ‘preview’ for on-screen viewing and so on.

EPS files are often used when saving data from Illustrator as they can be imported directly into Quark layouts, in contrast to AI files. Epson 1) Brand of ink-jet printer, generally quite cheap and belonging creative questions cheerful; 2) See ink-jet proof. ERP Enterprise Resource Planning. Computer system covering all commercial applications – financials, stock control, sales order processing, warehouse management etc . Library! During 2007–09, HarperCollins will be installing J D Edwards ERP software to replace its various Vista sales order processing applications in Canada, USA, UK and Australia. Errata A loose sheet in which the errors found in essayer en ligne persol, a printed book are listed. EU The 27 countries of the European Union: UK, Ireland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus plus from 2007, new members Romania and Bulgaria. Library! Croatia and Turkey are candidates for accession in the future. Euro The ˆ symbol represents the currency used across many of the countries of the EU. Hsc English Belonging Writing Questions! Unfortunately, not every typeface contains a proper ˆ symbol, so it doesn’t always print properly (you may not even be able to uwa thesis library, see it on screen…).

Euroscale 1) Set of industry-standard specifications for inks, separations, proofing, and process colour printing in general use in Europe. Derived from standards set by FOGRA (the Graphic Technology Research Associations of belonging creative writing Germany). cf SWOP; 2) A CMYK Colour profile that describes the colour gamut and characteristics of a press conforming to Euroscale standards. Excel Microsoft Excel is the de facto standard application for creating spreadsheets. There are versions for uwa thesis library both Mac and thesis Windows PCs. Exchange The e-mail/diary/contacts system HarperCollins uses. Uwa Thesis Library! You read your e-mails, calendar etc with Outlook, but the central server is Microsoft Exchange. Expert set Supplemental font software containing extra, more rarely used characters ( eg lining figures or small caps), variations of shape for normal characters ( eg swashed capitals) and extra ligatures. Extent The length of a book in terms of number of pages.

Usually a multiple of 16, because the book block is made up of several 16-, 32- or 48-page sections or signatures bound together. Extranet Range of HarperCollins computer services provided to on merits and demerits technology, external customers or suppliers via the internet. Examples include Plan G and Pubeasy. Uwa Thesis! cf Intranet. Fair use Limited exception to thesis, copyright, allowing others to library, use short excerpts or quotations from a copyrighted work without formal permission or payment. FIBF Frankfurt International Book Fair, held in the autumn. cf LIBF. Filemaker Software application to manage simple databases. Generally used to access Plan G. Film Stage in making a plate where individual pages of a/w are photographed (or these days, more likely to html, be drawn by library, laser in an imagesetter) onto transparent film. Belonging Creative Writing! Can be single pages or imposed signatures. Film is uwa thesis library used to make a cromalin or ozalid proof, and/or a printing plate. Firewall Barrier protecting the connection between the company’s internal computer network and the global internet.

The firewall controls messages crossing the border, preventing unwanted outsiders getting into the system. A home broadband connection should also be protected with a firewall, with either a hardware firewall built into the ADSL modem/router or firewall software running on your PC or Mac (or both). Flash Graphic file format developed by Macromedia for the web. Macromedia is now owned by cause and effect, Adobe. Library! Uses vector graphics, and cause essay is capable of simple animation and (generally low quality) video too. cf SVG. Flattening The process of reducing a layered, composited document or image (typically a PSD) down to a single layer (which could be a TIFF, for example). This gets rid of any transparency in the image. Flattening should be left as late as possible in any workflow.

Flyleaf The half of the endpaper not glued to the cover board. Library! The flyleaf forms the first (but generally unnumbered) leaf of the first step making thesis book. Foil Coloured and/or metallic foil used (esp. to highlight lettering) on covers and jackets. Foil blocking Process for library stamping a design on a book cover or jacket, or simple lettering on a hardback spine, using coloured foil with pressure from a heated metal block known as a ‘blocking die’. Folio 1) the printed page number on a book’s page; 2) a sheet of typescript. Font 1) See typeface; 2) Computer file(s) which must be licensed and installed on your system to use a particular typeface on screen or in printouts. Html! Macs and Windows PCs can use both Truetype and Postscript fonts, though most Windows PCs stick to just Truetype as they don’t have the library necessary ATM software to use Postscript fonts. Postscript printers – despite the name – always support both flavours of font software. OpenType is a new font file format that is not as yet widely used. The range of follett courseworks support characters or glyphs available in a font may be limited to uwa thesis, just plain Ascii characters, or even just upper case letters, but more usually it will cover the whole Latin-1 character set or more.

A related Expert set (which is a separate font, but not a separate typeface) may extend this range. World War 1! The most modern fonts – especially OpenType fonts – may use Unicode and contain a wide range of expert and multi-language glyphs in a single font file. Font library The complete set of fonts available or licensed for use on library a Mac or PC. Step Thesis! HarperCollins licenses the Linotype font library, and library supplements this with fonts licensed from other suppliers. Font Reserve Font management application for Mac OS, allows individual fonts to be activated or de-activated at will, so that HarperCollins’ full library of several thousand fonts does not need to be active at the same time.

Home Macs may use the Suitcase application, which is similar. Footer (Running footer) . Text running across the bottom of every page. Belonging! Usually just a folio number. Footnotes Notes that appear at the foot of a page, as opposed to Endnotes. Force Majeure Legal term, French for ‘greater force’, used in contracts to define a circumstance when something is out of the control of either party to the contract and may prevent them from library, delivering some part of their contractual obligations – things like flood, fire, war etc . In general, force majeure relieves the party (at least temporarily) of the duty to first making, carry out that obligation. Foredge The outer vertical edge of the library page or book, away from the spine. Format 1) Loosely, the trimmed page size of a book, but can sometimes instead mean the physical form – hardback, paperback etc . See A-format, B-format; 2) Used to indicate the readability of computer discs or data – ‘PC-format discs’, ‘Mac-format discs’, ‘that file is in Word format’, ‘Epub e-book format’. Four-colour Almost the follett support full range of uwa thesis colours can be simulated by mixing the four CMYK process colours using halftoning.

Some Pantone colours cannot be adequately matched using four-colour process. FPO For Position Only. A low-quality placeholder image, often used in a Quark layout where using the full quality, high-resolution image – potentially a very large file – would slow your computer down too much. See also OPI. Free software Computer software that can be used by anyone, modified and redistributed to others (generally without restriction, or with certain well-defined restrictions that must pass down to derivative software). Free as in ‘freedom’, not necessarily as in ‘free of charge’. Also called ‘open source software’ as the programming code is available to anyone, or ‘GPL software’ after the hsc english belonging creative General Public Licence that is used to place some restrictions on derivative works.

Free stock Stocks of books held in the warehouse that is available to supply customer orders. cf reserved stock and frozen stock. Frontispiece An illustration facing the title page, or more generally anywhere before the library first page of the main text. Frontlist Books published or due to be published in the current year. cf Backlist. Frozen stock Stocks of bibliography books in the warehouse that are not to be dispatched or used at all. Generally, they are being reserved for a particular customer or deal in uwa thesis, negotiation. FSC Forest Stewardship Council, international organization promoting responsible management of the world’s forests. It provides accreditation and html certification standards for forest management and forest products such as pulp and paper. FTP File transfer protocol, a good method for transferring large computer files across the internet, without the size limitations of e-mail attachments. See Porter. Full-colour Colour throughout a book, not just in library, a small section. G3, G4, G5 Types of Apple Mac produced from essay of information technology, 1999–2006, G5 being the most recent and fastest, though now eclipsed by the latest Intel-based Mac Pros.

Galleys/Galley proofs Typeset text proofs that have not yet been divided into pages; (US: ‘galleys’ is often used for uwa thesis library what we would call page proofs – which are divided into pages). Gamma Loosely, how bright is a 50% grey? Adjusting the gamma of a display or printer brightens or darkens the follett midtones of the uwa thesis library image without affecting the shadows and highlights. See also colour profile. Gamut The whole range of colours that can be produced by essayer en ligne persol, a device or a process.

RGB monitors can only produce a part of the gamut that can be perceived by the human eye, and CMYK printing can reproduce an even smaller gamut. Gamuts are described using the CIE chromaticity diagram. Gem Collins’ range of library small reference books. Also used to mean the size of Gems (not all that useful, since this has varied over the years). General ledger Combines the purchase ledger (money the and demerits technology company owes to suppliers), the sales ledger (money the company is owed by customers), plus a record of the company assets (stuff we have bought and paid for, or made, and uwa thesis library still own, plus cash or bank deposits) and liabilities ( eg loans, or other future commitments we have already been paid for). Taking the and effect world war 1 purchase ledger and liabilities as negative numbers, and the sales ledger and assets as positive, the total of the four amounts is the ‘net book value’ of the company. GIF Graphic Image File. Pronounced as in ‘gift’. Low-quality raster image file, suitable only for use on uwa thesis library the web. See TIFF and JPEG for higher quality image file formats.

Glyph Loosely, a letter or other character in a particular font. Technically, a single glyph may represent more than one letter: a ligature is one glyph but two or more characters. GRN Goods Received Note. Process within Computron purchasing system that authorises payment for courseworks goods ordered and uwa thesis library received. GSM Grams per square metre, a measure of the ‘weight’ of paper or cardboard; (US: paper weight is measured differently, in pounds per en ligne persol, ream – but the library size (‘basic size’ or ‘basis size’) of the sheets in the ream varies according to the type of paper.

60gsm paper for html the text pages of a book is approx 40lbs per uwa thesis, ream, and essayer lunettes en ligne persol 230gsm cover board is library approx 85lbs). See also bulk. Nothing to essay and demerits, do with GSM mobile phones… Gutter Blank space between two columns of type or, more often, the blank margins in the fold between left and right pages. HJ Hyphenation and Justification. HJ rules control how text is typeset into lines of type, how words are broken at line ends and whether the column edges are ragged or straight (justified). Half-title Normally in a hardback book, the first printed page, containing only the title of the book.

Can also be used for a similar page appearing later in uwa thesis library, the prelims. Html Bibliography! Can also mean a page separating major parts of a book (generally each part would comprise several chapters). Half-title verso The page following the half-title. It often contains a list of other books by the same author. Halftone 1) An illustration in which the original’s continuous variations of library tones are reproduced by patterns of varying sizes of dots. Black ink can be used to simulate a range of essay grey shades, or CMYK to uwa thesis, simulate almost the full range of colours.

The (usually photographic) original is termed a ‘contone’. Bibliography! A halftoned illustration is also called a screened illustration. The dots are generally around 1 / 150 th inch apart (150 lpi or ‘150 screen’) though this depends on uwa thesis the quality of the paper, and they vary in size. Of Information! Big dots give dark grey, small dots give pale grey. cf Line drawing; 2) The pattern of dots can also be used to print a pale colour with a dark ink ( eg a grey area printed with black ink). Hard copy Material that is on paper rather than on disk. Hard return A permanent return that is uwa thesis library typed at the end of a line of text and marks the end of a paragraph ( cf soft return, which starts a new line but not a new paragraph). The method of typing a soft return varies. Hash The # character, occasionally called ‘gate’, often an essay on merits of information, abbreviation for uwa thesis library ‘number’; (US: # is often called the ‘pound’ sign. That’s pound avoirdupois , not ? Sterling – it really doesn’t help that # and ? often share a key on follett courseworks the keyboard…). Head/tail band A narrow decorative strip of plain or striped material stuck to the top and/or bottom of the spine of library a hardback book block. Header (Running header) The heading set at essayer en ligne the top of each page of some books, often the title of the book or chapter, and the author’s name. cf footer.

Hi-fi colour A printing process using more than the four basic CMYK process colours. For example Hexachrome, which uses two additional process inks, a bright orange and a bright green, to uwa thesis library, create a wider and richer range (or gamut) of bibliography printed colour. Library! Hi-fi colour systems require FM screening, because using conventional AM screening with more than four colours would produce unacceptable moire patterns. Hi-fi colour is used mostly in fine-art printing – it’s expensive and rare in book work. Hi-res (High resolution) Full-quality scanned image, usually a TIFF, required for any image manipulation ( eg retouching, compositing, colour correction). If no image manipulation is required, a lo-res FPO can be used in step making, place of the hi-res, relying on OPI to put the hi-res in place later. Holding fee Fee paid (usually to a picture library) for keeping loaned material beyond the agreed date. Holographic laminate Thin transparent matt or gloss film incorporating a hologram pattern, to give a sparkly 3D or metallic effect to a cover or jacket.

Home market ‘Home market rights’ generally comprise the United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales) plus the Republic of uwa thesis library Ireland. House style 1) A guide for spelling, punctuation, grammatical style and usage produced by a publisher to help maintain consistency in copy-editing and persol proof-reading; 2) A standard text or cover design, also called a series style. HTML Hypertext Markup Language. Uwa Thesis! The system of mark-up used in belonging creative writing, documents and websites on the internet. ICC International Colour Consortium. Industry body set up in 1993 to create standardised colour management software, building on the work of the CIE. ICC colour profiles are used in software such as Quark XPress or Adobe Photoshop to uwa thesis library, enable consistent colour across different applications, computers, monitors, scanners and printing equipment. IDPF International Digital Publishing Forum, formerly the OeBF (Open eBook Forum), a trade and standards association for the e-book and digital publishing industry. Step Thesis! Developed the Epub e-book file format.

IFC/IBC Inside Front/Back Cover. The ‘back’ of the front cover, and the ‘front’ of the back cover. See also endpapers and library cover reverse; (US: Cover 2 and Cover 3). Illustrator Adobe Illustrator, application software for follett drawing maps, diagrams, logos and uwa thesis other complex mechanical illustrations. These are saved as AI files, or as EPS files for incorporation into page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and lunettes en ligne Windows PCs, though the Mac version is far more widely used in professional publishing. Imagesetter (filmsetter) Type of uwa thesis library RIP which uses a laser to en ligne, expose photographic film. In CTP, being superseded by uwa thesis library, ‘platesetters’ which draw directly onto the printing plate. Imposition Pages (esp. Of Information Technology! pages of library film) arranged so they can be folded together to create part of a book.

Page 3 will not be imposed next to page 2, but will sit next to it after folding (folding is part of on merits and demerits of information technology binding processs). Uwa Thesis Library! Page 1 will be printed on creative the back of sheet where page 2 is printed. While pages 2 and 3 are a ‘reader’s pair’ or a ‘spread’, in that they lie together after folding – pages 2 and 15 could be a ‘printer’s pair’ in that they lie together in uwa thesis library, the imposition. See also signature. Imposition of Postscript or PDF files implies modification of the html bibliography files so that the text and graphics in uwa thesis, the files are rearranged into an imposed pattern.

Impression A single print run of a book, as in ‘third impression’, the third batch of copies to be printed and world war 1 bound. The impression number is usually marked on uwa thesis the copyright/imprint page, often with a sequence of numbers such as ‘4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3’, where the lowest number indicates the html bibliography impression (in this case, the third). All books in uwa thesis library, an impression are manufactured at the same time and are identical. There can be several impressions in first making, an edition, all sharing the same ISBN. Imprint ‘Brand name’ used for a range of books, eg Voyager, Flamingo.

Imprints are the ‘public face’ of a publishing company, and uwa thesis are much more visible to consumers than the company name. cf list or business unit, which are purely internal to the publishing company. In print The book is available, though it may be temporarily out of stock at cause and effect the warehouse (awaiting a reprint). Indemnity Contractual agreement which agrees to compensation should a particular situation arise, eg breach of any warranties given in the contract. InDesign Adobe’s InDesign software application is a competitor to Quark XPress, though is has a smaller market share. Inferior/Superior In typography and design, archaic (but perhaps more correct) names for subscript and superscript. Ink-jet 1) Printing system where text and graphics are printed by firing tiny drops of liquid ink at uwa thesis library the paper, an alternative to offset litho; 2) A kind of essay and demerits of information proof, sometimes also known as an Iris, Digital Cromalin or Epson. Ink-jet can be very high quality, and colour fidelity to the final litho-printed work can be excellent, but they do not reproduce the halftone dot structure of the final job so cannot be used to judge the likelihood moire, for example. Integrated An integrated book has text and illustrations printed together on the same pages, rather like the page layout of a magazine – as opposed to having illustrations in uwa thesis library, separate plate sections. Intellectual property A bundle of rights held over hsc english writing questions, information or ideas, something intangible ( cf property, which is uwa thesis library a bundle of rights conveying ownership of something tangible). Intellectual property rights give their owners some exclusive rights to exploit the underlying information or ideas. Essay On Merits And Demerits Technology! IP rights can take the form of uwa thesis library patents, designs, trademarks and copyrights.

A good overview is given in the recent Gowers Review of Intellectual Property. Internet Worldwide computer network, used for inter-company e-mail, web browsing and FTP. Intranet Collection of computer services available via a web browser to staff within the company ( ie on the internal company network). Examples include the Your HC intranet magazine, Plan G, Barcoder. Follett Courseworks Support! cf Extranet. IP 1) Intellectual property; 2) In print; 3) Internet Protocol, a technical standard in computer networking. IRI Industry Returns Initiative.

New(ish) set of conventions and processes aimed at simplifying and automating the uwa thesis library handling of essayer en ligne persol returns, which have been widely adopted across the library book trade since 2002. IRI covers the authorisation of returns, the bibliography issuing of credit notes, the physical handling of the returned products etc . Iris Brand name for high-quality ink-jet colour proofing system from Scitex. The digital equivalent of a Cromalin, and similar to Digital Cromalin. ISBN International Standard Book Number. Unique identifier for a book, or more specifically, of a tradeable item within the uwa thesis library book trade. A different ISBN is required not only for each title (or work), but for essay on merits each edition and binding (or manifestation) eg hardback, paperback, revised second edition all need different ISBNs. Different impressions, however, share the same ISBN. Uwa Thesis Library! ISBNs use hyphens (or sometimes spaces) to divide the identifier up into fields – one field indicates the first making thesis language group, another the publisher or imprint, and the last digit is a ‘check digit’. Uwa Thesis! See also EAN and world war 1 essay barcode, and ISTC. ISBN-10 Old-style ten-digit ISBN, used to distinguish the previous system (pre-2007) from the new ISBN-13 scheme. ISBN-13 Revamp of the ISBN numbering system introduced in uwa thesis library, January 2007, where the old-style ISBN-10 has been replaced with its equivalent Bookland EAN – 978 EANs as at present, plus a new range of 979 EANs.

Since EANs are 13 digits, the of information new scheme is called ISBN-13. By convention, the thirteen digit number is library called an ISBN-13 or just an ISBN if it is hyphenated, and an EAN if it consists of digits only. ISDN Obsolete type of digital telephone system, used in the past (1990s) to lunettes, transfer files from publisher to printer. Faster than a home modem, but much slower than today’s home broadband or corporate internet connections. Has generally been replaced by FTP for file transfer. ISMN International Standard Music Number – ISBN-like system for numbering published sheet music. ISSN International Standard Serial Number. While ISBNs are for monograph publications, ISSNs are their equivalent for serial publications (magazines and periodicals). See also EAN. ISTC International Standard Textual Work Code. Proposed standard identification scheme for works, will come into use during 2008.

ISTCs are 16 hexadecimal digits long (the digits themselves can include 0–9 and A–F). All versions of a particular work – hardback, paperback, versions by different publishers etc – share an ISTC, whereas their ISBNs vary. Abridgements, translations and revisions (new editions) acquire new ISTCs, but also retain the ISTC of their ‘parent’ work. Italic Slightly sloped type, usually used for emphasis or for uwa thesis foreign words. Oblique is synonymous with italic: serifed typefaces have italic weights, whereas oblique is sometimes preferred with sans serif typefaces. Typically, the characters in lunettes, an italic serifed typeface are not quite the same shape as normal roman or upright type. cf Slanted type. Jacket Illustrated dust cover wrapped around a hardback; (US: wrapper). JDE (J D Edwards) HarperCollins’ planned new ERP system, due for rollout in 2007–09. JDE will be a shared system with HarperCollins US, and will replace the Vista order-to-cash system.

JPEG Common data file format for a scanned image. Uwa Thesis! It’s compressed, so usually a much smaller file than a TIFF, but sacrifices some quality – JPEG is a ‘lossy’ format, whereas TIFF is ‘lossless’. JPEG 2000 is belonging questions a completely different and uwa thesis library incompatible format for lossy image compression. JPEG 2000 Less common, more modern image file format. Not many applications can yet read JPEG 2000.

Generally makes smaller files than ordinary JPEG for en ligne a given image quality, and does not show the typical ‘quilted’ artifacts that JPEGs are prone to display. Justified (fully justified) Text typeset so that both left and right edges of the uwa thesis library column are straight. Html Bibliography! See also HJ. cf ragged text. Kerning Reducing the space between letters that fit together, to improve the look of the setting. As in ‘WAVE’, where the uwa thesis A fits nicely between the W and the V, so the three letters can be closed up a little. One of the essay of information technology distinguishing marks of uwa thesis better-quality typesetting is the number of ‘kerning pairs’, combinations of support letters that have been individually spaced like this. cf tracking, which is reducing the space between all letters equally, to reduce the uwa thesis library length of a word or line. Key account One of the major retailers or chains – WHSmith, Waterstones, Amazon, Tesco etc . Bibliography! We generally focus sales effort at the chain’s head office rather than upon individual retail branches. Key title One of the most important titles published by a division. A division will publish – at most – a handful of Key titles per month, and these will receive significant AP spend, marketing and sales support. Key titles are more critical than Lead titles.

Laid Paper retaining a textured finish from the wires or rollers used in the papermaking process. cf wove. Large print Books printed in bigger than normal type and often in a specially-designed typeface, one type of uwa thesis accessible edition intended for visually impaired readers. There is no widely accepted definition of how large the type has to be, as the degree and nature of impairment varies from reader to reader. ‘Traditional’ large print is often 12–14pt in an open typeface like Plantin, but this is barely suitable for many VI readers and is perhaps more properly termed ‘clear type’. The RNIB recommends ‘large print’ is least 16pt in a specially designed, high-contrast typeface like Tiresias LP, which covers most VI reader’s needs (only a very small proportion of VI readers would actually need Braille). Latin-1 ISO-standard for enhanced version of the first making thesis Ascii computer character set. Uwa Thesis Library! In addition to the usual Ascii characters, Latin-1 includes all the main alphabetic and first thesis puntuation characters required for major western European languages such as French, German, Italian, Spanish ( eg a, ?, e, i, o, n, ?), but not for Welsh, Scandinavian, central and library eastern European – Latin-2, -3 and -4 cover those – or for Cyrillic scripts. Note that many Mac and Windows applications use character sets that are close to but not identical to Latin 1 – MacRoman and Windows-1252. cf Unicode. Launch 1) External event ( eg party) to mark publication of the book; 2) Internal meeting to brief Marketing and Sales departments on plans for book. Layout The overall design of a page or a cover, including typeface, running heads, page number and graphics, showing how the page will look when printed; a guide for cause world war 1 essay the repro house or junior designer.

Can also refer to the fully-finished page. Creating layouts using Quark XPress is the main work of the design and art depts; (US: scamp if only a sketch, comp or mechanical if fully finished). Lead title One of the more important titles published by a division. Typically, a division will publish only a handful of uwa thesis Lead titles per month. Cause World War 1 Essay! Lead titles get significant promotion and uwa thesis publicity effort, but no large AP spend. Hsc English Belonging Writing! cf Key title. Leading The (extra) spacing between lines of type. Pronounced ‘ledding’. Library! Typical body copy in a book might be ‘10 on follett courseworks 12 point’, meaning 10 point text with 12 points spacing between lines, measured from baseline to baseline.

In common usage, this is 12 point leading, though strictly it’s just 2 points of leading. Type set without leading ( eg 10 on 10 point) is library said to follett courseworks support, be ‘set solid’ – very rare in books, as it’s difficult to library, read with a wide measure. Legal, Letter paper Common US paper sizes for office use. Letter is world 8 1 / 2 ? 11 inches (or 216 ? 279mm), roughly equivalent to A4 but shorter and wider. Uwa Thesis! The US Legal size is 8 1 / 2 ? 13 1 / 2 inches, taller than A4 (and roughly the same as the obsolete ‘foolscap quarto’ beloved of those who also fondly remember pre-decimal currency, the Light Programme, and rickets). The difference between Letter and html A4 paper can cause problems in formatting and printing documents. LIBF London International Book Fair, held in library, the early spring. cf FIBF, BEA. Libel Publication of an intentionally untrue statement about hsc english belonging writing, a person that will harm their reputation, or tend to make them the library target of ridicule, scorn, dislike or contempt. cf slander, which is the oral equivalent. Library edition Book supposedly (or actually) printed on a better quality of paper or with a stronger binding than the essay standard edition. Often, a hardback edition printed in library, small numbers at the same time as a mass-market paperback or trade paperback edition, where the hardback is html bibliography primarily produced for the library market (but is otherwise unremarkable). Library supplier A wholesaler that specialises in selling books to libraries (both academic and public), such as Askews.

Licensing (of copyright). Where an author or other copyright holder grants a publisher limited rights to exploit a work, rather than assigning all rights to the publisher. Licensed rights can be limited by library, territory, by belonging creative writing, time period ( eg audio rights are often for seven years only), by format ( eg book rights only, excluding digital or other rights) etc . Ligature Character groups like fi, ffi or fl, redesigned as a single symbol (or glyph), where the library conventionally-shaped individual letters may overlap in an ugly way despite careful kerning. The number of ligatures varies from essay on merits and demerits technology, typeface to typeface. Ligatures are much more important in eg Arabic typesetting, where the library individual letters change shape radically depending on the letters on thesis either side – as if an library, ‘s’ at hsc english the end of a word was a completely different shape to an ‘s’ in the middle of a word. Limp Limp covers include paperbacks and other flexible bindings in uwa thesis library, vinyl etc ; not hardback. Line art 1) An illustration that consists of black lines and solid areas, but no greys; 2) You can also have coloured line art, so long as there are no tints – the on merits and demerits of information technology important factor is that all the process colours are printed solid and it can be reproduced without halftoning. Uwa Thesis! cf Halftone. Lining figures Arabic numerals of cause world essay equal height, usually same size as cap X. Numerals also usually have the uwa thesis library same width, to make tabular material look neat. Cause World Essay! cf Non-lining figures. List The books a publisher or imprint has available for uwa thesis purchase or soon to be published.

Within a publishing house, there are usually separate lists for different types of books. cf Imprint. Literary agent People who represent authors and illustrators for a percentage of their client’s income. Logotype, logo Graphical device, emblem or text used to identify a company, brand, imprint etc , usually printed on the spine or title page. Long grain Paper where the majority of the fibres line up parallel to the longest edge of the sheet or web. cf short grain. Lorem ipsum Latin sample text used in an design for bibliography a page layout. Traditional versions of the Lorem ipsum text are based on a passage from Cicero, but Quark XPress can produce mock Latin automatically (via a feature called Jabberwocky). Loupe Magnifying glass on uwa thesis small folding stand, generally providing about 5x magnification. Essayer Persol! Sometimes (and maybe more correctly) called a linen tester.

LPI Lines per uwa thesis, inch. Cause! The fineness of the uwa thesis screening in a halftone, a measure of how far apart the courseworks halftone dots are. Typically images are printed at 133 to library, 175lpi (depending on the quality of the paper). Courseworks! cf DPI. LZW Lossless data compression technique named after its inventors (Terry Welch, Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv), used in TIFFs, mathematically making files smaller without sacrificing any quality. LZW TIFFs are almost always much smaller than the uncompressed originals, but do not lose any quality. Uwa Thesis! cf lossy compression systems such as that used in html, JPEG or mp3, which sacrifice quality in order to make files smaller. Mac, Macintosh Apple Macintosh computers are widely used in graphic art and design, particularly to run the three main graphic art and design applications, Quark XPress, Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop.

Macs use Mac OS 9 or OS X as their main system software (‘operating system’), instead of Windows on other PCs. cf MAC (in upper case), 48-bit Ethernet hardware address. Mac OS 9, X The main system software used by Apple Macintosh computers. Uwa Thesis! The OS provides the software framework within which applications such as XPress, Illustrator or Photoshop run. Mac OS X is courseworks support very different from its predecessors: not all older Macs can use it and it cannot run all software originally written for OS 8 or 9. Library! Newer Macs (G5s and Mac Pros) will only run OS X. Essentially all Hammersmith and Glasgow Macs run OS X; as yet, a couple of Cheltenham Macs do not. OS X comes in versions including 10.3 (‘Panther’), 10.4 (‘Tiger’) and 10.5 (‘Leopard’). These major versions are further divided into releases like 10.4.5, 10.4.11 and creative questions so on, where the differences are minor and relate mostly to security and uwa thesis library bug fixes.

MacRoman Character set used generally by older Mac software applications, similar to Latin-1. Newer OS X applications tend to use UTF-8 instead. Make ready Time spent preparing the printing press for the next job – wash-up (cleaning), changing the plates and adjusting the press to optimise print and colour quality for the new run. Manifestation In the context of intellectual property, technical term for ‘different versions of the same work’. For example, a hardback, paperback and e-book of the follett courseworks same title are all different manifestations. Manuscript Unedited text delivered by uwa thesis library, an author, these days usually a Word file on bibliography disk, but may be typewritten or even handwritten. Abbreviated MS or ms ( pl MSS or mss).

These days, the term is being replaced by Typescript. Mark-up 1) Marks made on a typescript or page proof to indicate typographical instructions, corrections, insertions and deletions. BS-5261 part 2 (1976) describes the standard set of marks to be used for copy preparation and correcting typeset proofs. Library! Download a good reference for the most common marks; 2) tags inserted into text to indicate its structure. For example a heading may be surrounded by tags like this: headHere is the heading/head. See also HTML and XML.

Mass market Small-format paperback edition of a book, usually commercial fiction, intended to sell in large numbers. Generally a US term, but is increasingly applied to A-format paperbacks in the UK. Matt laminate Thin film coating used to give covers and jackets a matt finish. Also available in and effect war 1 essay, gloss, and with holographic patterns. Library! cf UV varnish. Measure The width to of information, which a complete line of type is set, or the width of a single column on library multi-column pages.

MECS Marketing Expenditure Control System, computer application for tracking AP costs. Memory In computing, the amount of space within your computer for temporary storage of data while your applications are running. cf storage – note that when people say ‘My computer has run out of memory’, they often mean they have no permanent storage space left. Metadata Literally, data about data. In the context of the hsc english creative book trade, refers to bibliographic data, title, author, ISBN etc , as well as richer, more descriptive data such as found on an AIS. Moire pattern An unwanted striped or checkerboard pattern in uwa thesis library, halftoned images, frequently caused by lunettes en ligne, halftoning something that already has a halftone pattern. Akin to the distracting interference patterns seen in rows of railings ( eg on motorway bridges) or when someone on library TV wears clothing with a small pattern ( eg a check jacket). Also loosely called ‘screen clash’. Mono (Monochrome) A book published in black and white only, with no colour (though it can still have line drawings and halftones). Monograph A publication that’s complete in and demerits, one part (or occasionally, in a small number of separate parts). Individual books (or occasionally, series of books) are monographs. cf serial publication.

Moral rights protect the author’s integrity and reputation, and are separate from copyright which protects the author’s commercial interest. Moral rights include the right to library, be identified as the author. MP3 Common computer file format containing sound data, for example music or an audiobook – the audio equivalent of JPEG: lossily compressed to save storage space or reduce downloading time, but sacrificing quality. cf AAC. MPEG A range of data file formats for moving images (video). For example, MPEG2 is the data format used on commercial DVDs, MPEG4 is used in some cable TV systems and on and demerits technology mobile phones. Library! MPEG files are very complex, and each version has may different flavours, so an courseworks, MPEG4 file is not just playable on all MPEG4 players – you need to uwa thesis library, ensure the ‘profile’ and particularly the ‘codecs’ used are appropriate. Note that mp3 is not MPEG3 (it's actually subsection 3 of MPEG1). NBA Net Book Agreement, former retail price maintenance agreement to prevent discounting of lunettes en ligne persol books. Uwa Thesis! Inoperative since the mid-1990s. Books are now widely discounted from their RRP to encourage sales, albeit at a lower profit per copy.

Net receipts Author’s royalty based on percentage of publisher’s income, not the retail price. Uncommon for and effect world main volume rights, but fairly common for subrights and audiobooks. New cover reissue/reprint A book reissued/reprinted in a new cover design, but with no other substantial changes ( ie the library size and binding stay the first same and the content of the book remains unchanged), often as part of the repackaging of an author’s backlist. Does not need a new ISBN, as there is no change to the content of the uwa thesis library book. News Corporation (News Corp, NWS) Originally Australian, but now US-based company that is the ultimate owner of lunettes en ligne HarperCollins.

Though it’s a public company with many other shareholders, News Corp is controlled by Rupert Murdoch and library other Murdoch family members. News Corp also has interests in satellite and cable TV, film, newspapers and essay on merits of information technology online, via Sky (satellite TV in Britain and Italy), Star TV (satellite TV in uwa thesis library, India and China), DirecTV (satellite TV in on merits of information technology, US, in process of being sold off to Liberty Media), Fox (US film and TV programming, plus news), News International (UK newspapers), News Ltd (Australian newspapers), New York Post (US newspaper), News America Marketing (newspaper and magazine promotions), TVGI (EPG data for cable and satellite systems and uwa thesis library TV Guide Magazine, sold 2007 to Macrovision), NDS (smartcards and set-top boxes for cable and satellite systems) and Fox Interactive (which includes MySpace). For more information about News Corp, you can register to essayer persol, use TheNewsCore website (NB only available to HC and other News Corp employees). NewsStand Company that runs HarperCollins’ digital distribution repository, through its Libre Digital division. Library! Other publishers ( eg Bloomsbury, Faber). NewsStand also provides e-book conversion and first other services to HarperCollins and many other publishers. Nfuse System that allows you to connect to the HarperCollins network from anywhere with internet access. Requires an ‘RSA keyfob’ to enhance security. Uwa Thesis Library! You get – in effect – the same thin client system as you would have if you were physically in the office. cf old-style RAS access and newer VPN access which is gradually replacing both Nfuse and RAS.

Oblique Synonymous with italic, but oblique is sometimes preferred for sans serif typefaces. cf Slanted. OCR Optical Character Recognition. Turning a printed page back into plain text, by scanning the page and using computer software to lunettes persol, inspect and library recognise the essayer lunettes en ligne shapes of each letter. Generally not very successful… OCR-A, OCR-B Fonts optimised for uwa thesis library OCR readability. Used as part of the hsc english creative barcode on a book, even thought the text above and below the bars is not intended to be machine-read.

OEB format An XML DTD sponsored by the OeBF and used for structuring e-book texts. Conceptually similar to DocBook, but simpler, as it’s based on uwa thesis XHTML. Superseded by persol, Epub format. Office Suite of uwa thesis Microsoft applications – Word for wordprocessing, the Excel spreadsheet and Powerpoint for follett courseworks presentations. Offset 1) To produce a book by reproducing from an already-existing book – eg an uwa thesis library, American edition – as opposed to cause and effect world, typesetting the text from scratch. Originally offsetting was done using a duplicate copy of the film used to create printing plates, but now involves a set of application files or PDFs; 2) Printing fault where ink rubs off one page onto another, caused by too much ink coverage or poor drying; 3) see offset litho. Offset fee Fee paid to the originating publisher when publishing an offset edition.

Part of the fee covers a share of the original typesetting costs, and a (small) part pays for library delivery of the material used to create the offset edition ( eg the PDF file or application files). Offset lithography (litho) The printing process used to create almost all our book products. The distinguishing feature is that after ink is applied to support, the plate, the plate does not then touch the paper directly – ink is transferred from plate to paper via an intermediate rubber roller known as the ‘blanket’. Uwa Thesis! See also sheet and web. ONIX Standard XML data format defined by EDItEUR for transmitting bibliographic data, for example to BookData, Bowker and elsewhere. OP Out of Print. An out-of-print book is no longer in stock in the warehouse, will not be reprinted in future, and cannot be ordered. See RUC.

Opacity Different grades of paper have different degrees of opacity of persol show-through. Open market Parts of the world where the normal territorial sales rights and restrictions do not apply – any publisher with rights to a title can sell its copies in uwa thesis library, the open market. This means countries outside the essayer major controlled markets of North America and the Commonwealth, though often Europe is considered a controlled market too. Uwa Thesis Library! Important OM countries for English-language books include Japan, Singapore, Malaysia and much of the Middle East. OpenType Latest computer font format that combines the features of Truetype and of Postscript fonts. Only OpenType fonts work fully with Unicode. Mac OS X supports OpenType fonts as well as original Postscript and hsc english creative questions Truetype, whereas OS 8 and 9 did not. However, note that not all OS X applications support OpenType or Unicode, even though the uwa thesis underlying OS does – for example Quark XPress 6. OPI Open Prepress Interface, also termed APR or AIR (Automatic Picture or Image Replacement). A system whereby designers can use FPO images while designing the layout, which are then replaced automatically with the first making hi-res versions when making film or plates. OPS Out of Print, Substitute.

A book that’s OP, but where another equivalent book ( eg a revised edition with a different ISBN) can be substituted. Option Clause A clause in a publishing agreement that requires the author’s next work to be offered to the same publisher before being offered elsewhere. An option must usually be exercised by uwa thesis library, the publisher within a short period of essayer persol time, or the author is then free to offer it to a new publisher. Ornament Decorative character or design, often an ornate star or flower ( cf Dingbat), or a patterned border or rule. Orphan The first line of a paragraph falling at the foot of library a page or column of type. To be avoided in hsc english creative writing questions, high-quality typesetting.

See also Widow. Outdoor Outdoor advertising on posters and uwa thesis billboards. Overprint In four-colour printing, where two inks are printed one over the other. For example, to print a dark blue circle inside a pink box, a cyan circle would overprint a larger magenta square (cyan + magenta = dark blue). The opposite is knockout, where the cyan circle punches a hole in the magenta box, resulting in a pale blue circle in the pink box. See also trapping. Overs/Unders The amount of bibliography printed materials that is over or under the originally specified print run.

Ozalid Proof for uwa thesis library checking imposition only, as the content should have been signed off before the film was made. Originally an ozalid was a blue dyeline proof made from imposed film, but these days is persol often used loosely to mean an library, inkjet print produced (without film) immediately prior to platemaking; (US: blue). PA updates The latest Price and Availability information on our products. Generally distributed daily to bibliographic agencies ( eg BookData), wholesalers and major customers by EDI. PL Profit Loss. On-screen system for raising costings and first making evaluating likely sales for potential acquisitions. PAF Postcode Address File. Data file available from the Royal Mail containing postcodes and all 27 million postal addresses in the UK. Library! Used to verify delivery addresses etc . Page proofs The text of a book typeset and laid out in pages (but not bound), ready for proof-reading and collating. Pantone Proprietary colour matching system consisting of many hundred individually numbered colours, eg PMS 546 C is follett a particular shade of teal green. Used to specify spot colours and inks.

Many Pantone colours cannot be matched accurately using halftoned CMYK process colour inks. A better match, but still not perfect, is possible with hi-fi colour systems. Paper over boards Using plain or printed paper to cover the cover boards of a hardback, rather than the more common clothlike material known as Wibalin. Paperback Book with a paper or flexible card cover. Sir Allen Lane, founder of Penguin Books, was credited with inventing the modern paperback when he published Ariel by Andre Maurois with a paper cover in 1936. cf Hardback, with rigid board covers.

PBO Paperback Original. Book published straight into paperback, without a previous hardback edition. PDA Personal Digital Assistant. Small handheld computer providing diary and uwa thesis contacts functions. The most common PDAs are Palm Pilots, Psion Organisers and Blackberries. PDF Portable Document Format. Computer language for describing printed documents, like Postscript but generally more sophisticated (and usually smaller files too). PDFs can be previewed on screen using Acrobat, and are a common format for delivery of finished work to printers. Cause And Effect War 1! PDF comes in uwa thesis library, various ‘flavours’, PDF 1.3 being the most common and PDF 1.7 the most recent. PDF files can be composite or preseparated, and may include just one or multiple pages.

PDF files are in many ways similar to EPS files, and increasingly are used instead of EPS as images that can be imported into Quark layouts. PDF/A Proposed variant of standard PDF aimed specifically at follett archival applications. PDF/X Highly standardised variant of PDF, which ensures the uwa thesis library PDF file contains all data required to print the product. Essay And Demerits! PDF/X-1a is based on PDF 1.3. Perfect binding Binding method in which the pages are bound together with glue (as opposed to being sewn with thread or stapled). PerfectBound 1) HarperCollins’ global e-book imprint, which also has its own e-book shop. Currently being phased out in uwa thesis library, favour of a plain ‘HarperCollins eBooks’ branding; 2) Rather imperfect way of binding paperbacks, by glueing the leaves together along the spine. Perfecting Type of printing press which can print on both sides of the hsc english belonging writing paper at once. Permissions Acquisition of a right in return for a permission fee, in order to reuse all or part of existing, copyrighted material within another work. Permissions are typically sought, for instance, when a publisher wants to excerpt part of a book to use in an anthology, or when a teacher wants to compile part of a book into uwa thesis library, a coursepack. Authors who wish to incorporate a portion of someone else’s work in their own creation are obliged to secure permissions.

Contracts normally require such authors to obtain and pay for permissions, and to warranty that they have done so. Photoshop Adobe Photoshop. Computer software for manipulating scanned images and saving as TIFF or JPEG files for use in page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and follett courseworks Windows PCs, though the Mac version is library more widely used in professional publishing. Pi font Typeface consisting of non-alphabetic characters, or sorts. They can be useful or decorative, usually with a particular theme eg a collection of chess piece and playing card characters, arrows, road signs. Dingbats is one particular pi font which contains a general collection of useful symbols. Picture library Photographic agency that collects images and licences photographs for use in books, newspapers and en ligne persol magazines.

Hulton-Getty and Corbis are the two largest. Pilcrow Correct name of uwa thesis library paragraph symbol ( ¶ ) looking like a backwards P. Plan G On-screen database of en ligne bibliographic data, used to uwa thesis, manage publication schedules, AISs, catalogues, and to send data to BookData. Plan G data is accessible using Filemaker, or in a more limited read-only way via the intranet. Some of our major customers also have limited access to Plan G data via our extranet; (US: near equivalent is PIX). Plant Up-front costs of creating a book – editing, typesetting, repro and so on. cf PPB costs. Plate 1) Metal printing plate, usually a thin sheet of aluminium with a special surface coating. Oil-based ink sticks to cause and effect essay, part of the plate (‘oleophilic’), and is repelled from other parts (‘oleophobic’), and this forms the patterns of letters or halftone dots on uwa thesis the surface of the plate. The ink is then transferred onto follett courseworks the paper to print the text or image (see offset litho).

In CTP, the oleophilic and oleophobic patterns are drawn onto the plate by a laser. Formerly, the patterns were formed on the plate photographically by exposing the chemical coating on the plate to strong light through the film; 2) A halftoned illustration, usually bound into a book in a separate plate section. Plate section Set of uwa thesis library pages bound into a book containing halftoned illustrations. Usually printed as a separate signature on and demerits technology better quality coated paper; (US: insert). cf Integrated. PLC Printed Laminated Case, a decorative variation of a plain paper over boards hardback. The printed design on the cover boards is varnished or laminated. PLCs often don’t have separate jackets. PM Vista Production Manager. Software system used by Production department to manage physical manufacturing of books and delivery into warehouse. Also provides costings to PL system, and interfaces with Computron to create purchase orders. Not to be confused with Vista’s sales order processing system.

PO Purchase Order. These are created within the uwa thesis library Computron system, but POs can also be created within PM. POD Print on demand. Generally implies very-short-run printing – a print run of fewer than about 200 copies – using xerographic rather than litho printing. In the extreme case, can be a print run of one copy to fulfill a single customer order, drop shipped from the follett courseworks printer to uwa thesis, the consumer. Point 1) (also Full point) A full stop; (US: period); 2) Traditional typographical unit used to measure the size of type, equivalent to essay on merits of information technology, about 1 / 72 nd of an inch. Library! Typical body copy might be 10 or 11 points high, measured from the thesis lowest descenders to the highest ascenders. Porter The friendly face of FTP (file transfer protocol), used to uwa thesis library, send large files to suppliers over the internet. E-mail attachments can only html, cope with files up to around 1 or 2MB, whereas Porter can easily do 500MB. Used instead of ISDN. Portrait Page oriented normally, so that it’s taller than it is wide. cf landscape.

POS 1) Point-of-sale – ultimately, the library retailer’s till; (US: POP, point of purchase); 2) Point-of-sale promotional material such as posters, dumpbins, bookmarks. Postscript Computer language used to describe pages containing images and text, or more specifically, the instructions sent to a laser printer or CTP platemaker, to make it ‘draw’ the images and text on world war 1 the page. The Postscript instructions are interpreted by a RIP. Postscript files cannot be edited (easily), so any corrections must be made in the original application files, and then the Postscript recreated. Postscript comes in different ‘flavours’ known as Level 1, Level 2 and library Level 3, with 3 being the most sophisticated. Beware – many existing devices (laser printers, RIPs etc ) are limited to Level 2. Postscript is a close relative of PDF. See also EPS. Postscript font One kind of step making font software. Helvetica and uwa thesis library Times are two common Postscript fonts – Arial and Times New Roman are the Truetype equivalents.

Postscript fonts come in two parts, a ‘screen font’ and a ‘printer font’, and essay of information are often of higher quality than their Truetype counterparts. Sometimes called Type 1 fonts. PowerPoint Microsoft PowerPoint is the uwa thesis library de facto standard application for creating on-screen presentations. First Making Thesis! There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs, though because of library differences in fonts, there are significant compatibility problems if a presentation is moved from first, Mac to uwa thesis, Windows, or vice versa . PP 1) 384pp means 384 pages; 2) per html bibliography, pro Signed on behalf of. PPA Periodical Publishers Association, trade body for magazine publishers. PPB Paper, print(ing) and bind(ing), used to describe one of the uwa thesis major areas of cost in on merits and demerits technology, manufacturing a book. cf plant costs. PPG Product Price Group, or discount category. Uwa Thesis Library! Different product categories such as trade hardback fiction, paperback fiction, illustrated non-fiction etc attract different discount rates, and of course different retailers may get different discounts on the same product. Each product belongs in one PPG, and essayer lunettes persol a retailer’s standard terms link each PPG to the discount that the retailer receives on products in that category; (US: equivalent is TDC, title discount code). Preflighting Checking all details of an application file (esp.

Quark or PDF file) to ensure it’s technically complete, correct, and is ready to go to the printer. An essential quality assurance step before dispatch of application files to repro house or printer. Premium sales Sales of library customised versions of existing products, usually to customers outside the normal book trade. Unlike normal book trade sales, premium sales are not on a sale or return basis. Thesis! cf special sales. Prepress Taking application files and making them ‘press-ready’.

This can include pre-flighting and corrections to the application files, creating final Postscript or PDF, imposition and making the uwa thesis library printing plates. World War 1 Essay! Most prepress work is uwa thesis library carried out at repro houses, but a growing proportion of essayer en ligne printers are incorporating prepress departments to support CTP. Preseparated Data file or files (esp. Uwa Thesis Library! Postscript or PDF) where the C, M, Y and K data for a single page is held in separate page images. cf composite. Essayer! A preseparated PDF file of uwa thesis library say, four pages would contain sixteen images, p1 C, p1 M, p1 Y, p1 K then p2 C, p2 M and bibliography so on. Uwa Thesis Library! This is more common than having the CMKK data seperately in four separate files. Presenter Folder or single sheet, usually colour and illustrated with the cover image, containing information on a particular book and possibly some sample pages, produced for sales purposes. cf blad.

Press marks Trim and registration marks, colour bars used for belonging creative questions press calibration, marks used for checking the collation of folded signatures before binding, etc . All are printed outside the page bleed area on each signature. Print run The number of copies of a book printed at one go in an impression; that printing considered as a whole. Printer Company that operates a printing press and manufactures books (and generally does binding too). Progressives A set of colour proofs where each of the CMYK process colours is printed separately and in combination with the other colours – so you get a C proof, a C+M proof, a C+Y, a C+K, and uwa thesis so on. With four process colours, there are 15 combinations in a full set of and demerits of information technology progressives, but you don’t often get all 15 though – just the set that mirrors the order inks are applied on the press (often K, then K+C, K+C+M, and uwa thesis a full K+C+M+Y). These proofs are used to determine the density of each colour and html each colour’s effect on the other colours. Proof Printed test version of material for checking and correction. Proofs are produced for uwa thesis different purposes – Cromalin proofs for checking colour quality, page proofs for html checking and uwa thesis library correcting typesetting, ozalids for checking impositions. Proof-reading Checking and correcting typeset material such as page proofs or cover/jacket proofs for typographical errors, and marking up to indicate the essay and demerits corrections that need to be made. cf Copy-editing. PSD Photoshop’s native file format.

It contains layer and transparency information, but isn't as widely compatible as image formats like TIFF. Pub date/Publication date The date, fixed by the publisher, on which a book can supposedly first be sold to the public. In reality, most books go on sale in retailers as soon as they arrive, usually only a day or so after they are dispatched from the uwa thesis warehouse, and support frequently up to uwa thesis, a fortnight before the nominal pub date. Only in the case of a serialization do books first go on creative questions sale to the public on uwa thesis the actual publication date, simply because there is an thesis, embargo on uwa thesis library sales prior to the serialization appearing. cf Release date, Bound stock date. Pubeasy Extranet system allowing customers to check book availability, place and track orders via the internet. Essayer Lunettes En Ligne! Originally set up by Vista and Whitaker, now under the ownership of Bowker. Publisher Person or organization responsible for library the production and dissemination of a book.

Pulp 1) To destroy unsold books that are no longer wanted. Hsc English Belonging Creative! The final alternative to remaindering the copies; 2) The raw material for making paper, made from uwa thesis, wood or recycled paper. Purchase ledger Financial record of all money owed by first step making, the company for goods or services we have bought. Purchase orders generated in Computron create entries in the Purchase Ledger. Quark XPress Dominant computer application for on-screen design and layout. Uwa Thesis! Pronounced to rhyme with ‘dark’, not with ‘quart’ (“…three quarks for Muster Mark.” Finnegan’s Wake by James Joyce). The latest version is lunettes en ligne XPress 7. Quark XPress Passport is the multi-language version, and there is uwa thesis library also a separate US English edition and others for Arabic and CJK languages.

There are versions for both Mac and Windows, though the follett support Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Often just called ‘Quark’, although XPress is not the company’s only library, product. Not to be confused with a German brand of soft cheese. Quire 1) Twentieth of a ream ( ie 25 sheets). Support! Originally, a quire was 24 sheets; 2) Library quire, semi-bound book block, sold to specialist library suppliers who add a more durable than normal binding. Quotes Quotation marks, inverted commas. Can be double or single. The preferred choice is one of the common elements of a house style. In Europe, the usual rule is ‘Double within single’: ‘I heard him shout “Help!” as he fell,’ said Gerald. Common US typesetting style would be different: “I heard him shout ‘Help!’ as he fell”, said Gerald. Note also the difference in placement of the comma.

Rack size US equivalent of A-format, used for mass market paperbacks. Usually 6 3 / 4 ? 4 3 / 16 ths inches. Rag book Short book for library infants and toddlers, where each page is printed on textile rather than paper. See also board book. Rag paper Expensive paper made from textile fibres (cotton, linen) rather than from weed pulp. Ragged left, ragged right Unjustifed text. Courseworks! Ragged right text is ranged against a straight left margin, and vice versa . cf justified text. RAS Remote Access Server. Library! Computer system through which you can dial a Glasgow phone number with your computer and modem, and connect to lunettes en ligne, the HarperCollins network. Generally poor performance because of the uwa thesis slow speed of and effect world war 1 modems, and replaced by speedier internet-based NFuse access.

However, unlike NFuse, RAS gives you the library option to synchronise files or e-mails – effectively this copies them on to your laptop so you can access them off-line later ( ie without having to dial in). RAS is lunettes en ligne persol used less frequently now, having been replaced by BlackBerries, by NFuse and by VPN. Raster Computer image data consisting of a regular grid of library pixels, generally stored as a TIFF or JPEG file. cf vector. A vector illustration such as a logo, diagram or map can be rasterised to turn it into a grid of pixels. Ream 500 sheets of paper. Originally, a ream was 480 sheets – 20 24-sheet quires. Recommended retail price (RRP) The price put on the cover or jacket of a book by the publishers. These days, not necessarily the price for which it is sold to the customer – though it used to be, when the NBA was in force. Royalties are generally based on the RRP rather than the follett courseworks discounted price. Recto A right-hand page.

Always carries odd number. See verso. Reflow Undesirable occurrence in which the line breaks in uwa thesis library, typeset copy change due to alterations in the layout, the fonts used, or some other factor. Register In four-colour printing, the four CMYK images need to be aligned exactly so that combined multi-coloured images look natural. Registration is the and effect essay action of ensuring this precise alignment. To print a red circle, for example, you need to print a yellow circle and a magenta circle exactly in the same place – ‘in register’. Any mis-registration would cause a pink fringe to show on uwa thesis library one side of the circle where the yellow doesn’t quite overlap with the magenta. Registration marks Target marks (often a cross) printed outside the page area, beyond the bleed area, to aid registration.

The reg marks must appear on all plates, so the essay of information individual crosses printed in each colour can be lined up. Uwa Thesis! cf trim marks. Reissue As a reprint, but usually with additional AP, renewed efforts to cause and effect world war 1, sell the book in, and usually after the book has been unavailable (out of stock, or even OP) for a period. Most reissues are in uwa thesis library, fact new cover reissues. Relaunch Like a new cover reissue, but the book is additionally given a new ISBN (contrary to best practice). This is done to encourage the belief that it is a new product and to stimulate sell-in, when in fact it is simply a new cover reissue of an existing or old product. Relaunches cause problems with retailer’s core stock lists, and make longitudinal sales analysis more difficult. Release date The date on step making thesis which books can be released from the library warehouse and sent to customers. Generally around three weeks prior to the nominal publication date. See also bound stock date. Remainder Dispose of unsold books by selling at a low price to specialist bookseller (who cannot return them). An alternative to pulping.

Reprint Manufacture a new print run, identical to the previous impression, to replenish stock in the warehouse (does not get new ISBN). cf new cover reprint. Repro house Company that turns illustration a/w or trannies into film separations or data, usually a TIFF; (US: engraver). Repro houses scan, do colour proofs, retouching, colour correction, and often are responsible for turning illustrated page layouts into world, Postscript or PDF data required for CTP printing. Many repro houses can also do printing, and conversely, many printers also have prepress departments that are repro houses in library, all but name. Rerun To typeset a book by taking the electronically-held text of a book that has already been set and reflowing it into a different layout. So, for example, the text of a hardback book is often rerun for html bibliography the smaller paperback edition. Reserved stock Stock in the warehouse set aside for purposes other than fulfilling dues or new customer orders. It may be reserved for uwa thesis an anticipated large order or special deal, for example. cf free and follett support frozen stock. Resolution Loosely, the quality of the image or printing process, expressed in dots per library, inch (dpi). A laser printer is generally 300–600 dpi, typeset and litho printed material is generally 1200–2540 dpi.

Also used to essayer lunettes en ligne persol, describe the quality of TIFF and uwa thesis library JPEG files. cf halftoning and lpi – the resolution is not the same as the bibliography halftone screen (it must be much higher). For a printing device such as a laser printer, the resolution in dpi should be at several times greater than the lpi so that the halftone can reproduce an adequate range of uwa thesis grey shades – so a 600dpi laser printer can do decent halftones at 106lpi, but cannot reproduce subtle grey shading at essayer persol 150lpi. An offset litho press working with plates made at 2540dpi can easily produce good halftones at library 150 or 175lpi. And Effect Essay! For printing an image such as a TIFF or JPEG, you should aim for dpi about twice the lpi – 300dpi for 150lpi printing. Returns Unsold books returned by retailers to the publisher, resulting in a credit to the retailer. See also Industry Returns Initiative. Reverse out For example, white text on a dark background image or solid colour area. Revert, Reversion A publisher’s rights to publish a work revert back to the author on uwa thesis termination of the contract.

The contact may terminate at the end of a fixed time, or it can lapse when a book goes out of on merits and demerits of information print. Revises Revised proofs. Page proofs in which the corrections marked on the original page proofs have been made by uwa thesis, the typesetter. Revises (or second proofs) have to be checked against the marked-up page proofs (or first proofs). RFID Radio Frequency Identification. A tiny programmable computer memory chip bound into a book at manufacture, carrying data about the html bibliography book – its ISBN, price etc . The data on the chip can be read, modified or added to, without physically touching the uwa thesis library book, as the chip can communicate by radio. This could simplify many supply chain processes: for example, the chip could be programmed with the essayer en ligne sales order number and the actual discounted price as it leaves the uwa thesis library warehouse, then the price read and credited to html bibliography, the customer if the book is returned, or the contents of a carton could be checked without even opening the library box. The technology is not yet in cause and effect, use in library, the book trade, but has already caused privacy concerns in other industries. RFIDs are in use to track library books in some libraries. RGB Red, Green and Blue. Html Bibliography! Colours used on computer screen to simulate full range of possible colours.

But an on-screen RGB image can never properly match the final printed effect created by using CMYK inks on uwa thesis paper. Rich black In colour printing, large solid black areas are printed ‘blacker-than-black’: in CMYK, 100K plus between 60–100C, or possibly 100K plus 60–100M for a ‘warmer’ effect. Making a rich black with more than about 250% total ink coverage means the ink will not dry properly, causing offset. Rich text Generic term for a text file that contains accented chararacters, proper punctuation such as curly quotes, en- or em-dashes and other non-Ascii characters. The important thing with any rich text file is to understand the character encoding or character set – UTF-8, UTF-16, Latin-1, MacRoman or Windows-1252 are all relatively common, and first step a rich text file in one character set will not look right if displayed in library, a system that uses a different character set. Save an follett courseworks, apostrophe ’ on a Mac, and then display it on a PC: unless you control the character set properly, you would see i instead. Rights Conditions and uwa thesis terms of a licensing agreement (the contract) between a copyright owner (generally the author) and a publisher.

See also volume rights and first thesis subrights. Generally, these rights will be limited to specific territories, eg the Home market, Commonwealth countries, or to market sectors like the Educational market. RIP Raster Image Processor. Device that takes Postscript or PDF and creates film or plates. A laser printer is uwa thesis a kind of small scale RIP too, except it transfers the image to paper. Royal A standard book format (TPS = 234 ? 153mm), usually hardback, used for most hardback fiction and general non-fiction. Slightly larger than Demy size. See also trade paperback. Royalty The payment specified in the contract that’s made to an author for every copy sold, usually based on a percentage of RRP but occasionally on a percentage of the publisher’s net receipts. Part of the royalty is usually paid in bibliography, advance. RTF Rich Text File.

A particular type of uwa thesis library rich text file format that contains additional formatting such as font, colour and limited page layout information in addition to the wide character support of cause and effect essay other rich text formats ( cf Ascii files). Uwa Thesis Library! It’s sometimes suited to converting documents between applications and platforms, but isn’t as useful as it sounds. RUC Reprint Under Consideration. Creative Writing Questions! Indicates book is unavailable: orders may still be taken and uwa thesis build up as dues, and may result in a future reprint or reissue. See OP. S/S (Same size) Reproduce at first step thesis the same size as the original. Sale or return Most books sold by publishers are on sale-or-return terms. Non-returnable books are ‘firm-sale’. Sales CD Monthly on-screen ‘multimedia’ presentation of new products, formerly created around 5 months prior to publication and used primarily by Home Sales dept as part of the subscription and library sell-in process.

No longer used. First Step Making! See also the monthly brochure. Sales Ledger Financial record of all money owed to the company for goods we have sold. Invoices generated in Vista create entries in the sales ledger. SAN 1) Standard Address Number, unique seven-digit number used to identify the address of library a company in cause world essay, the book distribution trade. HarperCollins’ SAN in Glasgow is library 0091073. The GLN, or Global Location Number is like the and effect world essay SAN but is uwa thesis expressed as a 13-digit EAN, and is a more modern global system rather than being limited to html, the book trade. UK-based GLNs can be derived from the SAN by adding 503067 to the front and recalculating the library final check digit, so HarperCollins’ Glasgow GLN is 5030670091072. The list of all UK-based SANs and GLNs is administered by Nielsen BookData; 2) Storage Area Network, a huge central pool of hard disc storage used by essay on merits and demerits of information technology, various servers on uwa thesis library the computer network. Scale out Retailer’s head offices allocate order volumes to essay on merits and demerits of information, their branches depending on uwa thesis library the branch’s profile – its size, customer base etc . A small branch may be told to cause world essay, order ten copies, and a larger branch 15 copies. Scan 1) Action of turning artwork or trannie into a separation or data file; 2) The resulting data file, usually a TIFF or JPEG.

Scatterproof A (colour) proof where images are not ‘in position’ on the page, but arranged together without regard to the (eventual) page layout and library without the surrounding text. Screen reader Test-to-speech software that reads text on a computer screen aloud, so the computer can be used by cause world, blind, visually-impaired or other reading-impaired users. Screening Conventional halftoning where the dots are all the uwa thesis same distance apart in a regular grid, but vary in size to simulate dark and light tones. This is called ‘AM screening’. Specified in ‘lines per inch’ (LPI), the number of halftone dots per inch in the grid. cf FM screening (also called ‘stochastic screening’), where the dots are all the same small size but are varying distances apart in a random pattern. Lunettes Persol! FM screening is rare in offset litho printing (though you see it in uwa thesis, domestic ink jet printers), but can give very good quality results, as it’s completely free of moire and can be used with more than the basic four process colours.

Section 1) In binding, see signature; 2) In typography, the bibliography correct name of the § symbol. Self cover Bound without a separate cover, so the first page of the book block is the front cover. The cover is of the same material as all the other pages. Sell-in 1) Wholesale sales to bookshops – not real sales, as books are still returnable. In principle, sell-in = sell-out + returns; 2) Frequently used to mean subscription sales to bookshops, ie sales specifically in uwa thesis, the pre-publication period.

Sell-out Retail sales from bookshops to customers – real sales as books cannot then be returned. Also occasionally termed ‘sell-through’. Sell-through 1) Ongoing sales of frontlist titles after the initial sell-in period ( ie during the first few months following publication); 2) See sell-out. Separation (colour separation) 1) Single film or plate element (or the equivalent data) making up a set of separations, each containing the part of the first making image to be printed with one of the process inks. Four plates are used to print a full-colour CMYK image; 2) The action of creating these separations by scanning. Library! Originally this was a photographic process using coloured filters. Serial publication Regularly published items such as monthly magazines, scientific journals and other periodicals. cf monographs and series.

Serialization Where extracts of a book are licensed to a newspaper or magazine for publication, usually immediately prior to the publication date. If a book is follett courseworks support serialized, publishers and booksellers must prevent copies going on sale prior to uwa thesis library, the agreed pub date. Series Group of linked titles sharing a common series title ( eg seven titles in C. S. Lewis’ Chronicles of Narnia ). Technically a set , not a serial, because there is (or will eventually be) a fixed number in a set whereas serials are ongoing publications. Series style Graphical design or typographic style used throughout a series or set of hsc english belonging questions books. Serif A serif is a small line at the extremities of uwa thesis a main stroke in a type character.

Serifed typefaces include Times, Sabon, Baskerville etc . cf Sans serif. Server A computer offering some centralised service to cause and effect war 1, other ‘client’ computers on the same network. Library! So a file server stores client’s files, a web server delivers a website, and an e-mail server provides e-mail services. SGML Stanardized General Markup Language. Html! Highly complex technical standard for mark-up. Effectively the library predecessor of XML, but rarely used because of its complexity. Sheet Paper cut into single sheets before printing, and each sheet passed through the press individually. Each sheet is the same size as the printing plate, and is folded and trimmed to create one signature or section of a book. cf web. Sheet-fed press Printing press using cut sheets rather than printing on a continuous web of paper. Short A-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 165 ? 111mm), the same width as standard A-format, but reduced in height. And Effect War 1 Essay! Does not mean A-format printed short-grain.

Short B-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 185 ? 130mm), the library same width as standard B-format, but reduced in height. Short Demy Non-standard book format (TPS = 203 ? 135mm), the html bibliography same width as standard Demy, but reduced in height. Short grain Paper in which the library majority of the fibres lie parallel to the shortest edge of the sheet, or across the web. cf long grain. Short Royal Non-standard book format (TPS = 221 ? 153mm), the same width as standard Royal, but reduced in height. Shoutline Promotional text added to front cover of a book.

Often a review quote, or ‘By the author of…’. Show through Where text or images are visible through a page, because the paper is too thin or not sufficiently opaque. Sic In Latin, sicut , ‘Just as is’. On Merits Technology! Mark inserted in text (often in brackets in quoted text) to show that an apparent error is deliberate. Signature 1) The pattern in which pages are imposed, a characteristic of the uwa thesis library press and essay on merits and demerits technology binding system used; 2) the uwa thesis folded section that you get after the sheet has been printed and folded ( eg a 48-page section of a book). SIT StuffIt file, a type of compressed file.

StuffIt is suitable for compressing both Windows and Mac files, and is used by Porter. SITX files are a special form of SIT file that can only be used by courseworks support, OS X. cf Zip files. SKU Stock Keeping Unit. Library! Unique number associated with a product, used for warehouse and inventory management. For books, the ISBN or EAN can act as an SKU, though finer-grained control may be required ( eg where the same ISBN is used for a new cover reissue, the warehouse control system would have to use an extra ‘lot control’ number to identify the en ligne two batches of books). SLA Service level agreement, the agreed quality of service (often quoted in terms of uwa thesis library time to react, time to complete a job, acceptable technical standards etc ) to be provided by a service department or an external supplier to the company. Slanted Faux italic type produced by cause and effect world, skewing normal roman type slightly. Slipcase Box to hold book(s), often containing a complete series of books. Slippage 1) An unexpected delay in publishing a title, due to late delivery from the author, for example; 2) the uwa thesis library cost of this delay in postponed cashflow rather than any loss of sales. Slush pile Unsolicited typescripts that are received from authors, sometimes more politely called ‘speculative submissions’. Slush pile material almost never gets published. cf work commissioned from an html bibliography, author.

Small caps Capitals the same height as normal lower case letters. Proper small caps are slightly bolder than they would be if they were simply proportionally reduced from upper case characters, but they are often simulated using normal capitals at two-thirds size. Soft proof On-screen display that mimics the appearance of a printed proof. Library! Generally, text and layout issues can be proofed this way, but colour issues cannot, as computer screens are not colour-accurate enough. Solidus Correct name for / sign (especially when used in fractions), more commonly called a slash. cf the character, usually called a backslash. Solus Alone, separate, dedicated, as in ‘solus advert’ or ‘solus review’ (major review of a single book, rather than an article containing shorter reviews of several works). Special sales Sales of existing books through non-traditional book outlets. Unlike normal trade sales, special sales are often not on a sale or return basis. cf Premium sales. Spine brass Metal die or stamp that impresses the foil lettering onto the spine of a hardback book, ie onto hsc english belonging the board itself, not onto library the jacket. Spinner A free-standing, usually metal, rotating display stand used to hold books in retail environment.

Spot colour Premixed ink colour ( ie colour not made up of four-colour halftoning). This is on merits and demerits technology usually specified as a specific Pantone colour. sRGB ‘Standard RGB’, the colourspace that Windows assumes all RGB images are in. See also Adobe RGB. Stet An instruction that countermands a previously-marked correction, usually indicated by a broken underline. In Latin, ‘Let it stand’. See mark-up.

STM Scientific, Technical, Medical – HarperCollins is not an uwa thesis, STM publisher. Stock 1) As-yet-unsold books in warehouse; 2) Paper or board to be printed on. Stocklist List of all products in print, used by persol, sales depts to administer and encourage backlist sales. Does include titles that are RUC, but not OP titles. Storage In computer terms, this is generally the amount of uwa thesis library space on your hard disc or network for permanent storage of first documents and other files. cf memory.

Strip and bind To remove the uwa thesis cover from courseworks, a bound book and rebind it in a new cover. Strippable In the US, low-value books that can be returned by stripping off the cover and returning only the cover instead of the whole book, thus saving on shipping. Strippable books carry an library, S in a triangle printed next to essayer, the barcode. Stripping Assembling, especially imposing, film ready for uwa thesis library platemaking. Structural editing The first stage of editing, paying particular attention to overall style, pacing, plot etc. cf Copy-editing. StuffIt Files can be compressed with Allume StuffIt, a software application to bibliography, make files smaller (and thus easier to e-mail or send via FTP) and to uwa thesis library, combine multiple files into follett courseworks support, a single ‘.SIT’ archive file. StuffIt Expander is used to reconstitute the original files. There are versions of StuffIt for Windows, Mac OS and Linux. Submission A book or project submitted to uwa thesis library, a publisher, normally by questions, an agent or author, for possible acquisition. Subscription Initial pre-publication sales process.

Orders taken at this stage build up as dues, and are fulfilled upon publication. Occasionally also termed sell-in. Subscription orders taken can be used as guidance for uwa thesis setting the initial print run. Subsidiary rights (subrights) Rights set out in hsc english creative questions, the contract allowing the publisher to exploit the work in ways other than the main book form, eg audiobook, serialization, translation, book clubs. Uwa Thesis! cf Volume rights. Superior/Inferior In typography and design, the correct names for essayer superscript and subscript.

SVG Scalable Vector Graphics. Library! Graphic file format developed for making thesis the web that uses vector graphics, can be thought of as ‘a simplified version PDF expressed in XML’. Not yet as popular as Flash. Swatch Colour sample, sometimes printed on a small square of uwa thesis card, called a ‘chip’. En Ligne Persol! Pantone colour samples are available in booklets of swatches, and some booklets contain many chips to library, tear out and attach to layouts. SWOP Specifications for creative writing questions Web-Offset Publications. A (generally American) industry standard that provides the specifications for separations, proofing, and printing process colour using web-offset. cf Euroscale. TeleOrdering System whereby bookshops submit orders to publishers electronically (not on internet but via a private computer network). Formerly administered by Whitaker but now a part of Nielsen BookNet.

Telescope DAM software from North Plains Systems. Telescope is used by uwa thesis, HarperCollins in bibliography, both the uwa thesis UK and US. Territory A geographical limitation on the extent of the rights covered in cause war 1 essay, a publishing contract. Text black Text set in a special spot colour, so that it appears on an extra separation, separate from the normal black used in any illustrations, rules, folios etc . But the ‘text black’ is not printed with a spot ink – the separation is combined with the uwa thesis library ‘graphics black’ in order to make the black plate. A text black or fifth black is generally used in illustrated co-edition books.

The advantage of keeping text separately is that the war 1 essay graphics black film need not be remade (or more specifically in uwa thesis library, a CTP scenario where there is no film, the cause war 1 graphics black does not need to be repeatedly proofed for colour quality) for each translated edition – only the text black needs to be changed for each different language edition. And if several co-editions are printed at the same time as the main edition, only the single black plate need be changed for each subsequent language. Thin client PC connected via network to powerful Windows server system, on uwa thesis library which you can use all the major PC applications. The thin client provides only follett, display and keyboard, while the processing is uwa thesis done on the server. May look old, but can be faster and more reliable than thick clients. cf Thick client.

Thin client software can also be run on step thesis a Mac, so the uwa thesis Mac can be used to run PC software. Third party In ‘third party’ business, HarperCollins acts as a distributor for hsc english other publishing companies ( eg Simon and Schuster, Letts and several others). Their books are kept in the Glasgow warehouse, and distributed to wholesalers and retailers alongside our own titles. Tie-in Special version of a book produced to uwa thesis, benefit from promotion of other media products, eg a film tie-in may use an image from the thesis film on the cover. TIFF Tagged Image Format File – a high-quality (‘lossless’) data format for scanned images. Can be mono, greyscale or colour, and can be a very large file. A single A4-size colour TIFF at suitable resolution for printing can be up to 48MB. TIFFs can be uncompressed, or can contain LZW-compressed image data to make the file smaller. cf JPEG, which creates much smaller files by sacrificing some image quality (‘lossy’). accent, the uwa thesis library diacritical mark used in Spanish señor , and courseworks also (loosely) of a ‘swung dash’.

Tint Pale version of a colour: grey is a tint of uwa thesis black, pink is a tint of and demerits of information red, generally specified by percentage of the base colour and printed with a halftone. You can also have tints of spot colours, eg 50% of a teal colour such as Pantone 2476 is uwa thesis a pale minty green, but unless your choice of Pantones is severely limited, it’s better to html, avoid halftoning by library, using 100% of a similar hued but paler spot colour like PMS 5493. Tip-in Extra leaf glued into a book after it’s bound, often used for separately-printed illustrations or plates, errata sheets, gatefolds and other pages that are not the same size, or sometimes for forms to be removed and essay on merits and demerits returned. Title ISBN Sometimes also called the ‘head ISBN’. ISBN of the uwa thesis library primary version of first step thesis a book, usually the uwa thesis library initial hardback. All the essay and demerits of information different bindings and uwa thesis library editions of a particular book – hardback, paperback, audiobook and so on – share the same title ISBN. It is, in effect, an identifier for the work, though it’s imperfect because audiobooks and special sales often do not share the same head ISBN as the main trade versions of the work. The ISTC is a much better work identifier, when it is courseworks support introduced. Title page Page in the prelims (often the third page and always a recto) on which the author’s name, the uwa thesis title of the book, the series title and subtitle (if any) and support the imprint logotype all appear. Title verso Page in the prelims backing the library title page (often the fourth page) on creative which the copyright notice, publisher and library imprint details, the ISBN and impression number, and other details about the html publication of the book appear. Also called the uwa thesis library copyright page or imprint page.

Tivoli Software application used to make tape backups of computer data stored on our servers and SAN. TPS Trimmed page size (also trim size and trimmed leaf size). The outer dimensions of and demerits a page of a finished book, so for A-format, 178 ? 111mm. Trade paperback (TPB) A large-format paperback, usually Royal or Demy size, with the implication that there is (or will be) a separate smaller A- or B-format paperback for uwa thesis library the mass market. In fiction publishing, a trade paperback version is often published after the hardback but before the main mass market paperback version.

In Australia, a trade paperback is world war 1 essay often published instead of a hardback. Although a paperback, a TPB often earns the author royalties more in uwa thesis, line with a hardback; US: trade paperback is step often used to mean what in uwa thesis library, the UK would be a B-format paperback, and contrasts with an rack-sized mass-market edition. Trademark The rights to the use of and effect a specific symbol or words connected to uwa thesis, a specific product or service, to differentiate one business, product or service from another. Essay And Demerits Technology! In the UK, trademarks can be registered with The Patent Office, and unlike copyright, trademark rights can be renewed indefinitely. Trademark owners object strongly if their mark is uwa thesis used to mean a generic business, product or service ( eg Hoover, Filofax, Coke, Xerox still defend their trademark rights, whereas nylon and escalator have lost their former trademark status). Trademarks can be noted as such with the ™ symbol, and registered trademarks with the ® symbol. Trapping Range of methods to first thesis, prevent obvious printing errors caused by imperfect registration between the process colours. Uwa Thesis! If you wanted to print a light blue circle within a pink box, and the cyan circle were exactly the same size as the knocked out ‘hole’ in the magenta, any mis-registration between cyan and magenta would show as a white line around half the circle. Since a narrow dark blue halo around the circle where magenta and cyan overlap is less visually intrusive than a white line, the circular ‘hole’ in the magenta is choked – made slightly smaller, typically reducing it by less than 0.25 point – to create a deliberate overlap (overprint), so that any mis-registration between cyan and yellow does not create a white line. Alternatively, the size of the cyan circle could be spread. Whether to choke or spread depends on the visual strength of the colours – generally the weakest colour is increased in first thesis, area.

Transparency (trannie) 1) Photographic slide; 2) Objects in some Postscript, PDF, EPS and application files can be ‘coloured’ as semi-transparent. Library! These can only be printed after flattening. Html! Transparency is supported from Illustrator version 10, Quark XPress 7, PDF 1.4. Trim marks L-shaped marks printed just outside the page area showing where the page should be cut to the correct trim size after printing. Also called crop marks, and uwa thesis occasionally cut marks and essayer en ligne tick marks. Uwa Thesis Library! To allow for some tolerance in the trimming, items intended to print right to the edge of the page don’t just stop at essayer lunettes en ligne persol the trim marks, but extend out into the bleed area. cf Registration marks. Strictly, trim marks need only be printed in uwa thesis, one colour ( ie they only need appear on one plate, usually black) but if they are printed on all plates, the same marks can be used for both trim and registration. Truetype One kind of font software that can be used on both Macs and PCs.

Arial and Times New Roman are common Truetype fonts – Helvetica and Times are the on merits Postscript equivalents. They can provide better cross-platform compatibility than Postscript fonts, but Truetype fonts are often of library lower quality. Typeface A set of characters (glyphs) that share a distinctive and consistent design, eg Times Roman, Helvetica Oblique or Stempel Garamond Italic. Support! These days, synonymous with ‘font’, though originally font (or fount) meant the characters were also all the same size ( eg Times Roman 12 point). Uwa Thesis Library! Typefaces come in families of differing weights – Times Roman, Times Italic, Bold, Bold Italic, Condensed, Bold Condensed etc . Typescale Special ruler for measuring type sizes, marked in points and ems instead of inches or centimetres. Typescript Unedited text delivered by an author, usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten. Abbreviated TS or ts. The term is follett courseworks support now used more commonly than Manuscript, though they are synonymous. Typesetter Company or person that typesets text and lays out library pages, creates proofs, does revisions etc (US and traditional UK: compositor). UCC 1) Universal Copyright Convention (the ‘Berne Convention’ as agreed in 1886, and belonging creative writing questions revised in Geneva in 1952 and Paris in 1971) gives legal protection to authors or originators of text, photographs or illustrations etc , to prevent reuse without permission or acknowledgment. The publication should carry the uwa thesis copyright mark , the name of the originator and the year of publication, although this isn’t vital as copyright is automatic – it doesn’t have to be ‘applied for’ or registered with any central agency.

For further details, see The Patent Office website; 2) Uniform Code Council, company that administers the UPC barcode system. See also EAN. UCR/GCR Undercolour removal/grey component replacement. In CMYK printing, removing cyan, magenta and yellow ink from areas where all three overlap and replacing the dark area with black. This reduces the ink coverage and speeds up drying of the ink. Unders/Overs The amount of printed materials that is under or over the originally specified print run. Unicode Computer character set. Hugely improved over Ascii and Latin-1, because it includes accented characters, fancy punctuation and a wide range of specialised symbols ( eg for first making maths). Uwa Thesis Library! In principle – and in contrast to Latin-1 – it also includes all the characters required for technology all other written languages, including non-European scripts like Arabic, Devanagari or Chinese, and a vast range of mathematical and other symbols.

Obviously this is font-dependent too – your data may be in Unicode, but if your font does not contain the right characters, you still can’t see it! Again in principle, a single font file could contain glyphs for all the Unicode characters, but in uwa thesis, practice only cause and effect war 1 essay, a subset are included. OpenType fonts are based around Unicode, and generally contain a much wider selection of uwa thesis glyphs than older Postscript T1 fonts based around the Latin-1 or MacRoman character sets. Unicode is and demerits relatively new, so not all software can use it. This web page is composed in Unicode, which allows it to include special characers like v (square root symbol), (Cyrillic letter de), ? (Arabic character sheen) or ? (Chinese word fang) – but you might not see them correctly if your web browser, font and operating system don’t all support Unicode. Each character in Unicode has a 32-bit number (cf Ascii, which allows 8 bits per character), so Unicode files are four times the size of Ascii files for the same text content. UTF-8 and library UTF-16 are special forms of Unicode that reduce the and demerits file sizes to something more manageable. UPC Universal Product Code.

Special barcode used on books for the US mass market. Uwa Thesis Library! Generally these books have a conventional ISBN/EAN barcode as well. UPCs on books have been deprecated since the beginning of 2005 and have mostly disappeared – they’ll be phased out completely over the next couple of years. Upper case Capital letters, so called because when type was cast blocks of metal, the capitals were kept in essay technology, a wooden case on the top shelf, and lower case letters were kept in a case on library the lower shelf. URL Uniform Resource Locator, the internet's equivalent of an address – what you type in the location field in a web browser.

Typically starts http://… but other protocols can also be included in URLs ( eg ftp://…). UTF-8, UTF-16 Practical encodings of the Unicode character set. A rich text file could be saved in UTF-8 and be understandable on bibliography any machine that can deal with UTF-8. Library! More useful than ascii because of the inclusion of accented characters and proper punctuation marks, yet UTF-8 files are roughly the same size as ascii files. Follett Courseworks! UTF-16 is more practical for CJK and other Asian text: it’s rarely used for uwa thesis English text because the lunettes persol files are unnecessarily large (twice the size of the UTF-8 equivalent). UV varnish / UV coating Often just ‘UV’ or ‘spot UV’. Uwa Thesis Library! Varnish coating used to add shiny finish and make colours richer on html bibliography covers and jackets. It’s dried using ultraviolet light. Spot UV is applied only to parts of the cover, to highlight part of an uwa thesis library, image or some text.

See also matt laminate. VAT Value Added Tax: the standard rate is currently 17.5% in essay of information technology, the UK. Books are zero-rated, whereas e-books, audiobooks and uwa thesis other products such as CD-Roms carry standard rate VAT. Tax on packs containing a mixture of zero-rated and standard-rated items ( eg a book-tape pack) are part-vattable: the proportion of the bibliography price that is vattable should generally be worked out from the relative production costs of the items. The exception to this is where one of the items can be considered a ‘free gift’ promotional item ( eg includes free CD), or is of no value whatsoever without the accompanying zero-rated product ( eg an audio CD intended for read-along use with a children’s book). Vanity publisher Publisher who charges (rather than pays) the library author to publish the author’s book; (US: subsidy press). Variance Difference between budgetted amount and hsc english creative questions actual amount. Negative if sales didn’t meet budget or if costs were greater than expected. Vector Computer image data consisting of lines and library shapes, such as (typically) maps, diagrams, logos. Generally quite small files, often stored as an cause world war 1 essay, EPS file. cf raster. Vignette 1) illustration in which the background fades gradually away; 2) gradual change of colour, also called graduated fill, graduated tint or blend; (US: fountain fill).

VIP Visually Impaired Person. Blind, low-vision and partially-sighted people. See accessible editions. Note that VIPs hold a legal exception to copyright – they can make copies, scans or other electronic version of books for uwa thesis library their own use. Vista 1) Sales order processing system used to control stock levels and and demerits technology generate invoices; 2) Software company responsible for this sales order processing system and for Production Manager, and original developer of PubEasy. Volume rights Loose term indicating the main rights to publish a book in hardback and paperback acquired in a contract. cf subrights. Voucher copy Free copy of a book given to uwa thesis, a contributor, editor or agent. Voucher proof Single proof sent by first, or to the printer, for confirmation purposes rather than for correction. cf proof. VPN Virtual Private Network.

A way of securely connecting your computer to HarperCollins’ internal network, via the uwa thesis library internet, so that while physically you can be at home, or in a hotel or some other company’s office, your computer acts just as if it were connected to the network in Hammersmith or Glasgow. Through the VPN, you have access to and demerits technology, the intranet or the main servers ( eg Pickup), which are not normally accessible from ‘outside’. Has generally replaced RAS and increasingly is replacing Nfuse as a method for accessing the internal company network remotely. Warning level Stock level set within a stock control application such as BIDS, which triggers an alert and ensures a decision can be made to reprint in a timely fashion, ensuring new deliveries ( ie a new impression) can be delivered to the warehouse before going out-of-stock. Warranty A guarantee given in a contract, usually that an uwa thesis, item or service is follett courseworks as stated in library, the contract. For example, an author usually warranties that they are the original author, that they have the legal power to essay technology, license or assign the uwa thesis copyright to the publisher, and that they agree to writing questions, indemnify the uwa thesis publisher against this not being the first step thesis case. WAV Wave file, a common type of uncompressed audio file. Library! Like AIFF and essay and demerits technology unlike mp3 and AAC, it retains the full quality of the library audio.

Web 1) Very long roll of essay on merits paper used on a printing press where the paper is drawn through the press continuously, and only cut into sheets after printing. The web of uwa thesis library paper is the on merits of information same width as each printing plate. cf sheet; 2) The ‘world wide web’ – one of the library main uses of the Internet. Web-fed press Printing press which uses a continuous roll (web) of paper rather than individual pre-cut sheets. Generally print much faster than sheet-fed presses. Weight A single member of a typeface family. Belonging Writing! Times Roman and Times Bold are two weights within the Times family. Wet proof Proof printed on a printing press, often a specialised proofing press rather than a litho press, and generally on the stock to be used in the final product. cf Cromalin, Iris. As wet proofing requires making plates, it’s more expensive than Cromalin or digital proofs. Whitaker Formerly independent bibliographic data aggregator, now merged with Nielsen Bookdata.

As well as supplying bibliographic data to (among others) WH Smith, Whitaker ran BookScan, was publisher of library The Bookseller magazine, and operator of TeleOrdering. Whitaker’s online bibliographic information service, LibWeb, can be checked via the intranet – both for our titles and those of other publishers. Whitaker was purchased by VNU in 2002, and in early 2003 combined with its former competitor BookData to form Nielsen Bookdata, under the ownership of Nielsen Entertainment. Wholesaler Intermediary between publisher (or primary distributor) and smaller bookshops, whose orders are generally too small for the primary distributor to deal with efficiently. Wibalin Brand name for the clothlike material used to html, cover the boards of a hardback book.

Widow The short last line of a paragraph at uwa thesis the top of a page or column of type. Follett Courseworks Support! Sometimes used more generally, any very short last line of a paragraph (esp. a single word). To be avoided in high-quality typesetting. See also Orphan. Windows Microsoft Windows is the main system software (or ‘operating system’) used by most PCs (but not by Macs). Windows comes in uwa thesis, different flavours, including 95, 98, NT (all obsolete), 2000, ME, 2003 and Vista, and writing provides the framework within which applications such as Word and uwa thesis library Excel work. Windows-1252 Character set used by default in most Windows software, similar to first, Latin-1.

Wire stitched Simple binding method where folded sheets are stapled together where they fold. Wiro Type of uwa thesis library spiral wire binding. Useful for manuals/atlases as it allows a book to open flat. Without prejudice Legal term used during negotiations between parties. Step Making! Statements made ‘without prejudice’ cannot generally be held against uwa thesis the party making them – for example, offering to make a payment to settle a claim without prejudice cannot be used as an indication that the claim is valid. WOB White out of black. White text on black background.

See also reverse out. Wood-free Type of paper made from chemical pulp only. Word Microsoft Word, the de facto standard software application for word processing. There are versions for both Mac and essay Windows PCs. Work The single element of uwa thesis library intellectual property from which several products (or manifestations in html, intellectual property terms) may be derived; roughly synonymous with ‘title’. For example, hardback, paperback and uwa thesis library e-book manifestations all represent the same work. While ISBNs identify manifestations (at least loosely), there is no equivalent, standardised, global identification scheme for works yet, though see also title ISBN which gets close, and ISTC, which is intended to be such a global work identifier. Work and turn Imposition method. Involves passing paper through a (non-perfecting) press twice, but using the essay on merits and demerits technology same plate each time, to print two complete signatures on each sheet. The sheets are split before being folding into sections.

Wove Type of paper with a smooth finish ( cf laid). The process that produces the smooth finish is calendaring. X-height In typography, the uwa thesis height of the step making lower case letters in a font, measured from the baseline to the top of the x character. cf Cap height. Xerography Printing technique using toner rather than ink, such as in a laser printer or photocopier, or in library, a ‘digital press’ such as a Xerox Docutech or IBM InfoPrint – presses which are used in of information technology, POD applications. XHTML A more developed type of HTML used to mark up modern web pages on the internet, but redefined slightly in a more rigorous XML form. A simple example of the difference is that the br tag in uwa thesis, HTML becomes br / in XHTML. XML eXtensible Markup Language. Modern technical standard for hsc english mark-up, allows highly structured, granular documents, and makes data easily reusable.

Often used to communicate data between databases. Originally conceived as a simplified and more usable subset of SGML. See also DTD and XSL. XSL eXtensible Stylesheet Language. Stylesheets ( ie specifications for the appearance – fonts, sizes, colours and so on – of the data) used to typeset XML-structured data. XSLT XSL Transformation – method for processing XML documents, for example translating from one DTD to another or into an XHTML format for output on the internet. Yapp binding Soft cover that extends a few mm beyond the uwa thesis library edge of the page (like hardback boards do), often used for bibles, vinyl-cover dictionaries. Can also be fitted with a zip, to keep the book closed. Your HC 1) Umbrella term for HarperCollins’ corporate communication and cultural change project; 2) more specifically, the Your HC intranet news magazine and portal site, gateway to all that is world essay HarperCollins. Your Product Intranet-based business information system and replacement for BIDS, now more usually known as BIDS II. Your Product shows product and sales information, and uwa thesis library allows direct linking into Cognos for more detailed analytic work.

Zero-rated Books do carry VAT, but are zero-rated – the rate of tax is 0%. This is different from being VAT-exempt. And Effect Essay! Audiobooks and library e-books are not zero-rated, and carry standard rate (17.5%) VAT. Zip 1) In computing, type of removable storage disc a bit like a thick floppy disc. It holds 100MB or (in more recent versions) 250MB of data. En Ligne Persol! Not ultra reliable, but a reasonable way of transferring large files between systems; 2) Type of compressed file, generally created with the library PKZIP or WinZip applications. Usually only suitable only for Windows files, not Mac files, but Mac OS X can use a special form of Mac-compatible Zip file. cf SIT files. 2-colour 1) Printing in black plus a spot colour; 2) In graphics, see duotone.

2-up, 4-up 1) Printing two or four copies of first something ( eg a cover) at once. This halves the effective print run, but can make more efficient use of larger presses; 2) More generally, printing two or more items at once ( eg two different covers). 2-for-10, 3-for-2 Common retail promotions, two mass market paperbacks for uwa thesis ?10 or three books for the price of two. 4-sheet Common advertising poster size. It’s 1524mm high and essay on merits of information 1016 mm wide, pasted together from four sheets 762 ? 508mm. Why such a seemingly odd size? The individual sheets are 30 inches by 20 inches. 48-sheet Billboard-sized advertising poster, also the largest sized poster used on the London Underground, pasted together from 48 762 ? 508mm sheets. In total, it’s 3048mm high and 6096mm wide. 48-sheets is also the most common large outdoor billboard size, but 96-sheets also exist.

5-colour, 5th colour, 5th black 1) In co-editions, see text black; 2) More loosely, printing in CMYK plus a spot colour. approx 700 entries. Last updated 18/6/2007. Uwa Thesis Library! Please report embarassing errors and essay and demerits of information suggestions for useful words and definitions to include to uwa thesis library, [email protected] Desperately seeking definitions – (none at present)

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