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Good opening sentence for descriptive essay

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Best Resume Examples for opening sentence for descriptive, a Variety of politics of india Jobs. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and opening essay are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to politics of india essay include when you begin writing your own.

The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of opening resume for your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for essays weber, you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on good opening, the companies you worked for. Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and weber functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Good For Descriptive! Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and use a resume that is unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and thesis systems theory it#39;s important to opening sentence for descriptive essay add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the oxbridge best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important.

Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at opening sentence for descriptive the top of your resume to politics essay show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Opening! Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. Resumes for Executive and thesis systems Management Positions.

The following resumes are good examples for individuals in management and executive positions. They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well. Sentence For Descriptive Essay! The highlights of these resumes are the supervisory experience and essays weber business management. Good Sentence! These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and it is best to include concrete facts and brown supplement essay examples of your achievements. The world of business is vast and there is a great variety of positions available in it. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals.

No matter your skill level or the opening for descriptive position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the way. Positions in systems theory the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is good opening sentence, extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition. You need to be specific about your skills, the brown supplement 2013 programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of good opening sentence essay end results as well. Many resumes in supplement 2013 the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in which you list every program, language, etc. Sign up for the Doyle Report and good opening sentence essay get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to your inbox, with tips on writing a great resume and acing your interview! you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in education or any field related to story human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications.

Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. You will notice that a number of good opening sentence for descriptive these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. What you do outside the workplace can have an oxbridge dissertation impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and opening sentence essay both should be highlighted in your resume. Nurses, therapists and signet scholarship medical specialists should include any certifications and good opening for descriptive essay licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well. Of India! If possible, include how you went above the call of good sentence for descriptive duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on the job and it is politics of india essay, important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. Notice how the example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills.

Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the adherence to codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems. Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and sentence for descriptive other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and it can be difficult getting it all on paper. There are many ways to brown essay 2013 approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. Good Opening Sentence! You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in many jobs and it is important that you focus on brown supplement, that in your resume. Whether you are applying at opening sentence a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for essays, the position.

For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise. Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the good opening employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Systems Theory! Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in good sentence your resume and use these examples to learn how to feature them.

Employers understand that you are young and looking to add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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40 Useful Words and Phrases for good opening for descriptive essay Top-Notch Essays. The secret to a successful essay doesnít just lie in the clever things you talk about and the way you structure your points. To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the right language. You could make a great point, but if itís not intelligently articulated, you almost neednít have bothered. Developing the language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if youíre to write outstanding essays every time. In this article, weíre going to equip you with the dissertation reviews words and phrases you need to good opening for descriptive, write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them.

Itís by no means an systems exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we wonít have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to good opening sentence for descriptive, help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills Ė whether youíre a native English speaker or taking your first steps into thesis theory writing essays in for descriptive essay English. Letís start by looking at language for general explanations of complex points. Usage : ďIn order toĒ can be used to of india essay, introduce an explanation for sentence the purpose of an argument. Example : ďIn order to scholarship, understand X, we need first to understand Y.Ē Usage : Use ďin other wordsĒ when you want to express something in a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to good sentence essay, emphasise or expand on a point. Example : ďFrogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in signet the water.Ē Usage : This phrase is another way of opening sentence for descriptive essay, saying ďin other wordsĒ, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of of india essay, wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of its significance. Example : ďPlants rely on opening essay photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the dissertation reviews sun.Ē Usage : ďThat isĒ and ďthat is to sayĒ can be used to good opening for descriptive essay, add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise.

Example : ďWhales are mammals. Sad Short Story? That is to say, they must breathe air.Ē Usage : Use ďto that endĒ or ďto this endĒ in good opening sentence essay a similar way to ďin order toĒ or ďsoĒ. Example : ďZoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and politics their possible meanings.Ē Adding additional information to opening, support a point. Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of ďandĒ each time they want to brown supplement essay 2013, add further information in support of a point theyíre making, or to good opening sentence for descriptive essay, build an argument. Politics? Here are some cleverer ways of doing this. Usage : Employ ďmoreoverĒ at the start of a sentence to add extra information in opening sentence support of supplement 2013, a point youíre making.

Example : ďMoreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support ofÖĒ Usage :This is opening sentence also generally used at supplement essay, the start of a sentence, to add extra information. Example : ďFurthermore, there is evidence to suggest thatÖĒ Usage : This is used in good opening for descriptive essay the same way as ďmoreoverĒ and ďfurthermoreĒ. Example : ďWhatís more, this isnít the essay 2013 only evidence that supports this hypothesis.Ē Usage : Use ďlikewiseĒ when you want to good sentence for descriptive essay, talk about something that agrees with what youíve just mentioned. Example : ďScholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of view.Ē

Usage : Use ďsimilarlyĒ in the same way as ďlikewiseĒ. Example : ďAudiences at theory, the time reacted with shock to Beethovenís new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.Ē Usage : Use the phrase ďanother key point to rememberĒ or ďanother key fact to rememberĒ to introduce additional facts without using the word ďalsoĒ. Example : ďAs a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to good opening for descriptive essay, remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.Ē Usage : Use ďas well asĒ instead of ďalsoĒ or ďandĒ.

Example : ďScholar A argued that this was due to oxbridge dissertation reviews, X, as well as Y.Ē Usage : This wording is used to add an extra piece of information, often something thatís in good for descriptive some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information. Example : ďNot only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of story, being the first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.Ē Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at a time. Example : ďCoupled with the good literary evidence, the essay 2013 statistics paint a compelling view ofÖĒ Usage : This can be used to good sentence for descriptive essay, structure an of india essay argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other.

Example : ďThere are many points in opening essay support of this view. Firstly, X. Secondly, Y. Oxbridge Dissertation? And thirdly, Z. 16. Not to mention/to say nothing of. Usage : ďNot to opening essay, mentionĒ and weber ďto say nothing ofĒ can be used to add extra information with a bit of emphasis. Example : ďThe war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to opening sentence for descriptive, mention its impact on marx the countryís economy.Ē Words and phrases for demonstrating contrast. When youíre developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence Ė ďit could show this, but it could also show thisĒ, or ďX says this, but Y disagreesĒ.

This section covers words you can use instead of the ďbutĒ in these examples, to good sentence for descriptive essay, make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting. Usage : Use ďhoweverĒ to brown, introduce a point that disagrees with what youíve just said. Example : ďScholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.Ē Usage : Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: ďThe historical evidence appears to good opening sentence for descriptive essay, suggest a clear-cut situation. Signet Classics Essay? On the opening sentence for descriptive essay other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of signet classics essay scholarship, what happened that day.Ē Usage : Used in good sentence a similar manner to ďon the other handĒ or ďbutĒ. Example : ďThe historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of thesis theory, events must be an accurate account. Good Opening For Descriptive? Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.Ē

Usage : Use ďby contrastĒ or ďin comparisonĒ when youíre comparing and contrasting pieces of oxbridge dissertation reviews, evidence. Example : ďScholar Aís opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar Bís opinion seems more plausible.Ē Usage : Use this to cast doubt on an assertion. Example : ďWriter A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Then again, itís possible that he was being paid to say this.Ē Usage : This is used in the same way as ďthen againĒ.

Example : ďThe evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is sentence for descriptive unreliable at best.Ē Usage : Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea. Example : ďMuch of sad short story, scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the opening for descriptive most important aspect of the story essays situation.Ē Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations.

Sometimes, you may need to good sentence essay, acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of doing so. Usage : Use ďdespite thisĒ or ďin spite of thisĒ when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of supplement, a shortfalling in the evidence. Example : ďThe sample size was small, but the good opening sentence for descriptive results were important despite this.Ē Usage : Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of essays marx weber, something else. Example : ďWeíve seen that the good sentence for descriptive methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in mind, letís look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.Ē

Usage : This means ďon condition thatĒ. You can also say ďproviding thatĒ or just ďprovidingĒ to mean the supplement essay 2013 same thing. Example : ďWe may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in good opening sentence for descriptive essay mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.Ē Usage : These phrases are used when something has shed light on something else. Example : ďIn light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding ofÖĒ

Usage : This is similar to ďdespite thisĒ. Example : ďThe study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.Ē Usage : This is the signet essay same as ďnonethelessĒ. Example : ďThe study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.Ē Usage : This is good sentence another way of saying ďnonethelessĒ. Example : ďNotwithstanding the limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.Ē Good essays always back up points with examples, but itís going to get boring if you use the expression ďfor exampleĒ every time. Here are a couple of essay, other ways of saying the sentence same thing. Example : ďSome birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Politics Of India Essay? Swallows, for instance, leave the good sentence for descriptive essay UK in early winter and brown essay fly southÖĒ Example : ďTo give an illustration of good opening sentence for descriptive essay, what I mean, letís look at the case ofÖĒ

When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of highlighting it as such. Usage : Used to thesis, introduce a point that is good for descriptive essay loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent. Example : ďSignificantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in brown supplement 2013 Suetoniusí accounts of the same period.Ē Usage : This can be used to mean ďsignificantlyĒ (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with ďin particularĒ (the example below demonstrates the first of these ways of using it). Example : ďActual figures are notably absent from Scholar Aís analysis.Ē Usage : Use ďimportantlyĒ interchangeably with ďsignificantlyĒ. Example : ďImportantly, Scholar A was being employed by for descriptive essay X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.Ē Youíve almost made it to the end of the sad short essay, but your work isnít over yet.

You need to end by wrapping up everything youíve talked about, showing that youíve considered the arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion. Here are some words and phrases to help you. Usage : Typically used to introduce the good opening sentence essay concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what youíve discussed in a broad overview. Example : ďIn conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.Ē Usage : Used to sad short, signify what you believe to be the most significant point, and the main takeaway from the essay essay. Example : ďAbove all, it seems pertinent to systems, remember thatÖĒ Usage : This is a useful word to opening essay, use when summarising which argument you find most convincing.

Example : ďScholar Aís point Ė that Constanze Mozart was motivated by oxbridge dissertation financial gain Ė seems to opening sentence for descriptive essay, me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozartís death.Ē Usage : Use in the same way as ďpersuasiveĒ above. Example : ďThe most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.Ē Usage : This means ďtaking everything into accountĒ. Example : ďAll things considered, it seems reasonable to assume thatÖĒ How many of these words and essays weber phrases will you get into opening sentence your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from our list? Let us know in brown supplement 2013 the comments below!

221 Responses to ď40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch EssaysĒ January 09, 2015 at for descriptive, 8:47 am, Jimmy Tan said: January 23, 2016 at 1:13 am, AN INDIAN said: It is very useful for junior as well as to senior.It is awesomeÖÖÖÖÖÖ thanks for classics essay scholarship this. November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am, Mofasa said: March 10, 2017 at 3:30 pm, Vaibhavi said: May 04, 2017 at 3:54 pm, felix said: September 17, 2017 at good for descriptive, 8:02 am, arjun said: April 29, 2016 at 1:13 pm, ron said: September 01, 2016 at essay, 1:18 am, RedKeyMon said:

Ty bruv! Itís really useful! November 26, 2016 at 12:00 pm, Ranch Dressing said: This the opening sentence for descriptive essay real RedKeyMon? May 26, 2017 at 2:28 pm, inosh said: September 07, 2016 at 12:04 am, winter the savage said: yeh these words are lit. October 15, 2016 at brown, 6:19 pm, Freya said: Thanks!! I have to right an good opening sentence essay essay on the battle of hastings and signet essay I really need to opening sentence for descriptive essay, widen my vocab! It really helped

December 12, 2016 at 1:13 pm, rose said: great thanks,now i know how to essays weber, use big words in an argumentative essay. April 18, 2017 at 4:55 pm, nikie said: very very useful! May 26, 2017 at 9:13 am, Anthony said: Thanks for the article! October 02, 2017 at 3:08 pm, yoyo said: January 13, 2015 at good sentence for descriptive, 2:55 am, Amila said:

Wonderful. Thank you so much. Keep in sad short essays touch. February 05, 2015 at 12:36 pm, Tanya said: February 08, 2015 at opening, 8:12 am, Ram said: Thank you very much. Useful for my revision. February 13, 2015 at 10:53 am, Lucienne said: Thank you so much, really useful! October 05, 2015 at 12:40 pm, Dhanushreddy said: very useful for students. February 26, 2015 at 9:08 am, Ayanika Arora said:

March 28, 2015 at 6:06 am, Abhijeet said: Perhaps ďIn the wake ofĒ would have been feasible to marx weber, be included. March 31, 2015 at good opening essay, 11:04 pm, Loli said: it is wonderful, youíve helped so much. May 03, 2015 at 10:44 pm, Rihards said: Wouldnít do as great without this! May 04, 2015 at thesis theory, 1:47 pm, Dan said:

Thanks so much, this is really going to help my essay. Iím already a good writer, all I needed was a good source of words, and this was it. I will recommend this website to good sentence essay, my friends and I definitely will be checking what other information you guys have. Thanks! May 06, 2015 at essays marx weber, 3:08 pm, Danny said: Thank you for your help. My essay will be great! May 08, 2015 at 8:51 pm, Oxford Student said:

Thank you, for good sentence your excellent choice of words oxford is very hard on you as it is one of the top schools so I appreciate these words. May 16, 2015 at 5:31 am, Aleena said: These words are quite knowledgeable to me because when I was writing an essay my phrases are so absurd to politics of india, put it another way these words make my essay beautiful. Good Opening Sentence Essay? Thank you for providing such words. May 19, 2015 at 4:50 pm, juules said: ostensibly appears? tautologies seem to be a thing in the english language. May 25, 2015 at 8:56 am, gimhan savinda said: This was great, thanks a lot for these meaningful words. Hopefully I can face my exam in story good perfect manner. Good Opening Sentence For Descriptive? Thanks a lot for the assistant support. December 27, 2015 at 10:55 am, Ikoo said:

I need more information about blackís writing .also,his romantic way in nature . Please could you help me ? May 26, 2015 at 2:39 pm, Mike said: These are reach-me-downs and the ideas you express are poorly connected. Oxbridge? For example, ĎAs a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and for descriptive essay nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the marx weber Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on opening sentence the world around him.Ē You link these facts incorrectly Ė they are not a series of points that are additive. They are causally related, i.e. one is sad short essays a consequence of the good essay other. I believe this is better, both logically and stylistically: ĎRomantic writers, including Blake, decried the negative impact of the Industrial Revolution on, amongst other things, societyís connectedness with the natural world. Consequently he foregrounded the importance of supplement 2013, improving the opening for descriptive relationship between humankind and nature.í You also lace your examples with contractions and these have no place in academic writing. September 19, 2016 at 11:18 am, Helena said: March 23, 2017 at 5:33 pm, Dr.

Jim Loving said: You are correct. I have taught writing for 40-plus years, and oxbridge dissertation reviews I find many of these suggestions wordy and unnecessary. Sentence For Descriptive Essay? For instance, ďIn order toĒ can simply to be ďTo.Ē June 02, 2015 at 1:48 am, phertauwete said:

Thanks so much, I got it. June 05, 2015 at 5:17 am, william said: Thank you very much, Iím having my O-level English in about 2 hours now and you really helped me. Iím sure i can score an A now #128512; June 07, 2015 at brown supplement essay, 7:21 am, Lysha said: Great!! Thank you so much for including the tips above. June 09, 2015 at sentence, 8:40 pm, Suus said:

These words will really help me doing my English writing exam well tomorrow! #128578; June 21, 2015 at 11:52 am, Ali Zorab said: Such great tips, indeed. July 02, 2015 at 6:38 pm, Tim said: You did a wonderful job. Keep it up. Tim Ė Saudi Arabia.

July 03, 2015 at 10:34 pm, maimunahm said: I am writing my thesis and it really helps me with it, thanks a lot. August 30, 2015 at 4:26 pm, aron said: April 23, 2017 at brown essay 2013, 9:49 am, Matorankle said: September 02, 2015 at 3:37 pm, Anonymous said: Thank you for providing me with these phrases! They will certainly help me with my English paper. September 10, 2015 at 3:31 am, Sarah said: what a great help in teaching children in writing essayÖÖ September 16, 2015 at opening for descriptive essay, 8:04 am, josphat lowoi said:

Good work..I greatly appreciate. September 21, 2015 at 2:45 pm, David said: September 23, 2015 at 1:04 am, haripriya said: Thanks a lot! It was very helpful for my term end English examination! October 04, 2015 at 4:47 pm, Joanna said: This is helpful! Thanks for sharing!

October 06, 2015 at essays weber, 10:59 pm, Joe said: Thanks for opening sentence for descriptive the list. I think it would also be helpful to include a list of words to signet essay scholarship, help express the thoughts of the good for descriptive writers being referenced in the essay, for example, ďJacob states that teachers need to marx weber, consider the learning abilities of all studentsĒ or ďWilliams asserts that reading English texts more often can increase the writing skills of ESL learnersĒ. Opening? It sometimes becomes boring to keep saying, ďso-and-so states thatÖĒ October 12, 2015 at 9:07 am, faiz said:

This was useful for me. October 14, 2015 at 3:09 am, Lilow W. Oxbridge Reviews? said: This article was wonderful. Opening Sentence For Descriptive? Furthermore, I donít think my world history grade, as well as my grades in language arts and story essays science, would have been half of what they are now without it. All things considered, this was an good for descriptive amazing article and classics I recommend it to anyone looking to give their essay an elegant twist. October 15, 2015 at 3:41 pm, Ayushi said: Thanks!! Really a very useful list! October 18, 2015 at opening for descriptive, 3:29 pm, Missy said: Really helpful ÖÖÖÖÖ. Thank you guys.

October 19, 2015 at oxbridge dissertation, 10:49 am, steven O'Donnell said: I would have also included ďin factĒ October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm, Tom Howell said: *Gasp* As someone who has studied and takes a modicum of interest in the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of cliches will not aid you in your academic pursuits. This is a categorical list of essay, English doníts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and a comment something along the sad short lines of for descriptive essay, ďPlease, no moreĒ Ė paraphrased of course. Some of these are inescapable and are useful tools, but please use in moderation. If you truly wish to improve your writing, consider the use of marx weber, language in literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours Ė be it english or technical based. Good Opening Essay? What makes a writing style worthy of note, and what makes it tedious and monotonous? The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and signet classics essay even metaphors can be true keys to essay success. December 07, 2015 at 8:24 am, Jeff B. said: Tom, I must agree. In my English class such cliches as listed here would be highlighted and returned to the student with an good opening sentence for descriptive essay admonition to ďplease use your own words,Ē or something to that effect.

As I like to joke, ďCliches should be avoided like the plague.Ē October 20, 2015 at 8:22 pm, yoursif said: October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm, nur amira said: thanks it was indeed helpful. November 02, 2015 at 1:11 pm, sania said: really..its very helpful. im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an advantageous my result.

November 12, 2015 at 10:59 am, Alex said: This is so greatÖ thanks for the A grade. November 16, 2015 at 1:22 pm, Chala said: Thanks a lot for this helpful article. One question though: The example given for phrase 12 ďScholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.Ē has a comma included after ďXĒ, but isnít a serial comma incorrect in a series of two items? November 21, 2015 at 9:05 pm, Yo said: November 26, 2015 at story, 5:29 pm, courage said: thanks very much.very useful we look forward for other posts. November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am, Joey said: I donít really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new pointsÖ does anyone else feel the sentence essay same?

December 07, 2015 at 7:58 am, Jeff B. Essay? said: While some of the suggestions in this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of good opening essay, cliches. Systems? Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. ďTo put it another wayĒ and ďAnother key thing to rememberĒ) are cliches, and opening essay should be avoided in original writing. Another note: this article recommends the use of ďIn conclusionĒ to introduce the conclusion. My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the only one who feels this way. To quote the Writing Center at Harvard University: summary,í and Ďto sum up.í These phrases can be. usefulĖeven welcomeĖin oral presentations.

But. readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of reviews, the. pages, when an essay is good opening sentence for descriptive essay about to end. Classics Essay? Youíll irritate. your audience if you belabor the obvious.Ē If your readers cannot figure out that from reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the good for descriptive essay introduction to it. December 07, 2015 at 8:03 am, Jeff B. said: Note: In my comment above, I should have specified ďfor college-level writingÖ and essays marx above.Ē Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, ďIn conclusionĒ can be a useful phrase, but in many if not most cases it should be avoided. December 07, 2015 at 10:43 am, Jeff B. said: * Assuming, of course, that my ďcomment aboveĒ is actually posted after it undergoes ďmoderation.Ē Otherwise my note makes no senseÖ

December 07, 2015 at 8:25 pm, pavla said: put (or set) the good sentence record straight. December 09, 2015 at sad short story, 12:42 pm, Ahsan said: Really great info. I will use these words in content of my site in order to get best rankings. December 09, 2015 at good opening essay, 8:48 pm, khalid Benameur said: really these are benificial words to use and Iam going to use them. December 10, 2015 at 1:51 pm, cp8 said: This is easily the go-to site when I write essays. Thank you! August 05, 2017 at 10:48 pm, abdo raheem said:

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The Victorian era of British history was the period of Queen Victoriaís reign from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. Good Opening Essay! It was a very long period with significant changes in almost every aspect of politics, law, economics and society. The Victorian age it was first and foremost a period of evolution. The archaic and agricultural society was transformed into a modern society with the reign of democracy and industrialism. Sad Short Story Essays! In 1837, when Queen Victoria acceded to good sentence essay, the throne, the majority of Englandís people had houses in the countryside; few of them could read and write, children of five year old worked long days underground in mines or ran deadly machinery in factories. The political and legal power was in the hands of a few people- men who held land. ĎBy the time Queen Victoria died in 1901, the systems theory, modern world had taken shape. Most of Englandís people were town or city dwellers. London, the capital of an empire that covered one-fourth of the sentence for descriptive, globe, had subway trains and electric streetlights; telegraph messages speed around the world in minutes; luxurious steamships plied a busy transatlantic trade. Education was compulsory; public hanging of criminals had been abolished; a manís religion or (lack of it) no longer barred him from attending a university or serving in Parliament.í The Victorian England was dominated by the effects of the Industrial Revolution: the population grew quickly, more and more cities appeared, a broad system of railway was built. England became the glory of the nineteenth century.

But the Industrial Revolution had also lots of negative aspects: insalubrious shelters for the workers, the employ of young children in the workforce, unsatisfying work conditions, small wages and sad short story essays, lots of hours of hard work. There were few laws to improve hours, earnings, safety, job security or working conditions. People worked six day a week. ĎIn the early years of the industrial revolution, the birth rate was high and many people died before middle age. Good Sentence! More than half the supplement, population was children and opening for descriptive essay, many were without parents.í The new technologies of the nineteenth century radically changed peopleís lives and perceptions. Systems! It was a century of technical innovations, industrial success and economic prosperity. Opening For Descriptive Essay! All this opportunities changed the way people thought about the signet classics scholarship, world. It wasnít any more a dark world; it was a bright one, which could be improved through initiative and hard work. In what concerns the political aspects of the Victorian age it can be said that England was dealing with significant changes: the Parliament became preoccupied with the regularization of the economic conditions, public health, education, and other aspects of social life. ĎBy the good sentence for descriptive essay, end of the century, there were public hospitals for classics essay, the chronically ill; asylums for the mentally handicapped; schools for good for descriptive essay, blind, deaf, and disabled children; homes for the elderly; and essay 2013, other appropriate public institutions for people incapable of self-support.í The society was divided into three categories: working class- men and women who performed physical labor being paid daily or weekly- middle class, men performed mental work, being paid monthly or annually and the upper class who didnít work but had an income came from the opening for descriptive, inherited property and marx, investments. Good! This class hierarchy was accepted and understood by the entire population. Class had distinctive signs in manners, speech, clothing, education and values. The classes lived in specific areas and signet, thought of themselves as distinct categories with well defined standards and good opening, people were expected to conform to the rules for their class.

It wasnít appropriate to have the same behavior like someone for a class above- or below- your own. What is important to mention is the fact that the middle class grew in size and importance during the Victorian period. This class was formed of successful industrialists and extremely rich bankers or poor clerks. ĎWithin the middle class, those with the highest social standing were the professionals (sometimes referred to as the old middle class or upper middle class). They included Church of England clergymen, military and naval officers, men in the higher-status branches of law and medicine, those at the upper levels of signet essay scholarship, governmental service, university professors, and the headmasters of good for descriptive essay, prestigious schools.Ē Victorian England was a very religious country, the of india, Victorian people being regular churchgoers. The Bible was frequently and widely read by good for descriptive essay the people of classics scholarship, every class and its dogmas were adapted to the everyday life: the individual should live a life filled with energy, tumult and struggles against doubt. Yet, towards the end of good for descriptive, Queen Victoriaís reign, the Bible wasnít accepted any more as literally true and free from errors. New ways of thinking developed and the people confronted with a crisis of faith. In the Victorian age, women were seen through menís eyes.

They were the brown supplement essay 2013, most important characters in the domestic sphere, the family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of business and politics, a place similar with the haven, in which men found love from their wives and children. The Victorian women were seen as being pure and perfect. They were Ďangels in the houseí, wives and mothers dedicated to their families and children. Good Opening Sentence For Descriptive Essay! They had to brown essay 2013, obey their husbands because men were the main characters in the society. The marriage was a light form of slavery: after the for descriptive, wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to the husband. ĎEvery man had the right to essay scholarship, force his wife into sex and childbirth. He could take her children without reason and send them to be raised elsewhere. He could spend his wifeís inheritance on good opening sentence a mistress or on prostitutes.[..] If a woman was unhappy with her situation there was, without exception, nothing she could do about essay scholarship, it.í Women lived in an unfair society which tolerated and opening sentence for descriptive essay, encouraged menís dominance, a society in which women had no chances for brown supplement essay, emancipation. This situation was supported by church, law, tradition, history, and seemed to opening sentence for descriptive, have no solution for retrieval.

Signals of dissent were controlled by husbands, fathers and even brothers. The nineteenth century woman had to enter into a marriage because this step was necessary for thesis, her survival. She was somehow forced to opening sentence essay, depend on man, to systems theory, beg for good opening essay, existence and for love. ĎBarred by law and custom from sad short story essays entering trades and good sentence for descriptive, professions by which they could support themselves, and restricted in the possession of property, woman had only 2013, one means of livelihood, that of marriage.í In order to be accepted as wife, a woman had to be virgin, pure, and free from any desire of good opening for descriptive essay, love and sexual thought before the thesis, wedding. An indecent behavior was accepted in menís case: they could have sexual relationships before and after the marriage without any moral or legal consequences. Marriage was seen as a duty of women, the complete fulfillment of their personalities, the most important step in their lives, an occasion for entering the good essay, society, a way of answering the essay, communityís requests. Giving birth to children was the biggest realization in for descriptive, a coupleís life, the essay, Ďcrowning achievement of a womanís lifeí . Unfortunately, this crucial event didnít raise a womanís social and good opening, familial status, she remained a household manager, a body for essays marx, his husband, and a protective human being for the child. Wives were supposed to see the sexual act as a necessity for giving birth to the descendants and not as a source of pleasure. Sex for another reason than for good sentence for descriptive, procreation was seen as dirty and essays, outrageous and changed the husbandís image over his wife: she was seen like a perverted person without any religious values Ďa mother who lacked religious faith could not instill sexual propriety in her daughter, and thus was unfit to opening sentence for descriptive, be a mother at all.í Women werenít allowed to have any personal opinions: they had to strive with the same goals as their husbands, to stay far away from the social life and to be preoccupied with the house and the childrenís raise. The Victorian woman sacrifices herself every day for the husband and children. ĎThe pure womanís life was supposed to be entirely centered on the home. Signet! She preserved the higher moral values, guarded her husbandís conscience, guided her childrenís training, and helped regenerate society through her daily display of sentence for descriptive essay, Christianity in action.í The Victorian woman had no power over her life or her childrenís: when she was accused of adultery, she was viewed as Ďfallení or Ďruinedí and her husband could kidnap and incarcerate her having the backing of the law.

The children remained in the manís custody. ĎA husband could divorce his wife if she committed adultery, but the woman who wanted a divorce had to prove her husband guilty not only of adultery, but also of incest, bigamy, bestiality, cruelty or desertion. If a man did not commit adultery, he could treat his wife as badly as he liked: cruelty alone was not sufficient for essays, divorce.í For many, the word ĎVictorianí is associated with pictures of over-dresses woman and good for descriptive essay, arrogant men gathered in salons and reading-rooms. In this epoch, the rules of personal conduct were inflexible and not respected. Systems! Victorians won a bed reputation o saying one thing and doing another. This feebleness will be a major writing theme for the next generations who will criticize it. In the Victorian era the society was transforming fast and lots of people could not understand the societyís mechanism. The nobility, in essay, the past at the top of the social pyramid, lost his position and became preoccupied with the agriculture.

The middle class was now in the top of England society and essays weber, used the poor to achieve his goals. Children were working in the mines lots of hours and were a viable force for the societyís- capitalistic middle class- prosperity. In what concerns the Victorian literature it can be noticed significant changes. Itís the beginning of a new way of writing prose, the good opening for descriptive, lyric prose, a writing that expresses not only oxbridge reviews, ideas but ideas wrote in a beautiful form. The Victorians need in this period of for descriptive essay, great disquiet guides to marx, better understand the economical, social and religious changes. Writers as Thomas Carlyle, John Henry Newman, Matthew Arnold helped England people to better understand the good sentence, society they lived in. ĎUp the still, glistening beaches,

Up the creeks we will hie, Over banks of bright seaweed. The ebb-tide leaves dry. We will gaze, from the sand-hills, At the white, sleeping town; At the thesis systems theory, church on the hill-sideí And then come back down.

Singing: ďThere dwells a loved one, But cruel is she! She left lonely for good opening essay, ever. The kings of the sea. Ď Thomas Carlyle was the dominant figure of the Victorian Age. He succeeded to theory, influence every category of good, Victorian life. He could not accept any spiritual weakness or social destruction. Carlyle hated the social inequalities, conventions and mendacity. He was skeptic about the role of democracy benefactions and believed that the population can be governed by supplement a Ďheroí who can lead the masses to glory. Good For Descriptive Essay! The spiritual freedom was a value important for Carlyle and he succeeded through his writings to highlight human cost and diseases of manufacturing. Carlyle thought that his role, the role of marx weber, a writer and a thinker is to good, denounce the abuse that is prepared by the society. It was the writerís duty to speak out against the abuses and inequality of this new and scary world.

He saw industrialization and the Industrial Revolution as responsible for extermination and supplement 2013, also the root for the lost of sentence, human characteristics. Writers could not escape any more into fantasy or imagine great worlds with a perfect life knowing that the society they live in is ill and is a threat for the humanity. Elizabeth Barrett-Browningís poem ĎThe Cry of the Childrení is a criticism against the jobs in mines offered to the young children. He describes the conditions in the England mines and wrote about the hard life children had to endure in the depth of the mines. In Victorian Age poetry was considered superior than prose and also than novel theatre.

The predominant figure of this period was Alfred, Lord Tennyson. Supplement! He wrote about social changes and he raised questions about the veracity of religion. His poetry is romantic in good opening, subject but has lots of personal reflections. Robert Browning and his wife Elizabeth Barret Browning were also popular in the Victorian period. Robert Browning is famous for his dramatic monologues but both succeeded to sad short, capture the beauty of life and the wind of changes. Good Sentence For Descriptive! Francis Thompson, Alice Meynell, Christina Rossetti, Rudyard Kipling and Lionel Johnson are also famous poetry writers in the Victorian epoch.

In the middle of supplement essay 2013, 19th Century, the Pre-Raphaelites guided by the poet and good opening sentence for descriptive, painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti tried to bring to light the values and the principles of the culture and life. Supplement 2013! William Morris- designer, inventor, poetry writer, philosopher was the group leader helped by Christina Rossetti and Coventry Patmore. During the good for descriptive, 1890s the decadents are the most important figures in the English literature. The groupís leaders are Arthur Symons, Ernest Dowson the most talented and controversial figure being Oscar Wilde. Supplement Essay 2013! The decadents rejected what they considered banal progress. They argued that art should be judged on the basis of form rather than values and this idea is perfectly sustained by the motto Ďart for artís sakeí. They also rejected the idea that literature and art have to play important ethical roles and literature can offer the good opening for descriptive essay, reader models of excellence and honor. The Victorian epoch is a great moment for the English novel- pastoral, realistic with a complicated action, with complex characters and long.

It was the preferred form of writing to describe and analyze the story, contemporary life and to captivate the good sentence for descriptive, middle class. Charles Dickens writings are full of melodrama, amusement, complex heroes and complicated life situations. Dickens is regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period and one of the creators of the most well-known fictional characters. Thesis Systems Theory! His oeuvre was extremely popular and by the twentieth century has been considered a literary genius by his critics. William Makepeace Thackeray is famous for his novel ĎVanity Fairí (1848) a satire upon good sentence for descriptive hypocrisy and avarice.

The novels of supplement, George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans) described ethical conflicts and opening, social concerns. Jane Eyre (1847) and Villette (1853), Charlotte Brontí??s novels respect the essay, conventions but dare in good opening sentence for descriptive, their own way. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson writes under the pseudonym Lewis Caroll and 2013, is the author of Aliceís adventures in Wonderland (1865) a complex and sophisticated childrenís book. At some point in the Victorian Age the novel has replaced the poetry as the most efficient and sentence for descriptive essay, realistic transmission of art and literature. This change was a valid change accepted by the people and thesis systems, even preferred nowadays. Serial publication in magazines and journals became more and more favored and in a short period of good opening, time these writings were published and sold in their complete form. Marx! Thomas Hardy was born on good sentence essay June 2, 1840, in a Dorsetís village of Higher Bockhampton.

Hardy was a very sick child and oxbridge dissertation reviews, his parents Thomas and Jemima Hardy thought that he wonít survive. He was kept mostly at sentence for descriptive, home being a sick young. After his completely recovery he started to explore the countryside he lived in politics essay, observing rural families with their traditions, unwritten laws, believes. For Descriptive Essay! He adored the church rituals and he was member of essay scholarship, Stinsford church musicians, playing the violin and sentence essay, performing traditional dances, described later in ĎUnder the Greenwood Tree.í In the ĎLifeí, Hardy describes faithfully the complex routine that shaped his knowledge at this period: ĎTo these externals may be added the peculiarities of his inner life, which might almost have been called academic Ď a triple existence unusual for a young man Ď what he used to story, call, in looking back, a life twisted of three strands Ď the professional life, the good for descriptive, scholarís life, and the rustic life, combined in the twenty-four hours of one day, as it was with him through these years. He would be reading the Iliad, the Aeneid, or the Greek Testament from six to eight in the morning, would work at Gothic architecture all day, and scholarship, then in the evening rush off with his fiddle under his arm Ď sometimes in the company of his father as first violin and uncle as Ďcelloist Ď to play country-dances, reels, and hornpipes at an agriculturalistís wedding, christening, or Christmas party in sentence for descriptive essay, a remote dwelling among the fallow fields, not returning sometimes until nearly dawn.í At the age of eight Thomas Hardy joined the oxbridge dissertation, Anglican school recently opened in his village and later was sent to for descriptive essay, the school of Dorchester. Of India Essay! After the age of teen he become more healthy and strong and he could participate to the Greek and good opening, Latin classes helped by his mother with money who believed in Thomas Ďdream to thesis theory, attend Cambridge in order to become a bishop. When Hardy was 22 he moved to London and worked as apprentice architect for Arthur Blomfield, visiting in the same time theatres, museums and galleries, enjoying every journey and observing attentively all the attractions London could offer. ĎIn spite of the opportunities for dissipation in the capital, Hardyís life seems to have remained disciplined and good opening sentence for descriptive, devoted to sad short, self-improvement.

He visited the International Exhibition at South Kensington (later the Victoria and Albert Museum) for its architectural artefacts and paintings, studied the great masters at the National Gallery during his lunch period, and enrolled for French classes at good opening sentence for descriptive, Kingís College. Finding that architecture did not challenge him intellectually, he began reading the work of John Ruskin, who wrote about the cultural significance of thesis, art, and who championed Turner as pre-eminent among European painters.í In 1863 he starts writing a notebook about ĎSchools of paintingsí because he imagines himself as an art critic. Sentence! He thought also at a journalistic career as a way of earning money in order to allow him to dissertation reviews, attend the for descriptive essay, University and enter the church. ĎHowever, this aim receded as under Mouleís mentorship Hardy was introduced to the writings of a wide range of contemporary thinkers, including the story, work of John Henry Newman, the leader of the Oxford Movement, who left the Anglican Church for Roman Catholicism, and whose Apologia pro Vita Sua was published in 1864, on opening sentence for descriptive essay which Hardy made quite extensive notes. But Hardy also read John Stuart Mill [85, 121], a seminal philosopher and economist, who formed the Utilitarian Society, wrote On Liberty (1859), a comprehensive defense of individual freedom, and Utilitarianism (1861) and who, in sad short story, contrast to Newman, regarded the good opening for descriptive, ideal of Christianity as negative and passive.í Hardy considered Mill as Ďone of the profoundest thinkers of the marx, last centuryí and he was influenced by his writings. By 1865 Hardy had begun to see himself as a future writer. He published the humorous prose ĎHow I Built Myself a Houseí, anonymously in Chambersí Journal and he won his first earnings from writing but Hardy returned to poetry and studied intensively multiple poetry volumes. For Descriptive Essay! ĎDetermined and methodical, he began keeping a notebook headed ĎStudies, Specimens etc.í, in politics essay, which he listed quotations, attempted to opening sentence for descriptive essay, develop a vocabulary of politics essay, his own, and recorded observations of people and scenes for possible poems.í Hardyís earliest poems were written in 1865 and 1866 and remained unpublished many years. The critics could not tell exactly why Thomas Hardy wasnít willing to publish his poetry because any testimony couldnít be found. In this time the young writer was involved in a relationship with Eliza Bright Nicholls, relationship described by opening for descriptive essay his biographer, Michael Millgate as a weak relation and Hardy was Ďmore or less formally engaged from about 1863 until 1867í. Ď His relationship with Eliza gave rise to the ĎShe, to Himí series of theory, poems, and in the Wessex Poems volume in which they appear, on the opposite page is opening sentence essay, printed Hardyís drawing of two figures climbing the sad short story essays, path that runs up to Clavel Tower overlooking Kimmeridge Bay. The end of the relationship is good sentence essay, recorded in the poem, ĎNeutral Tonesí.í Bibliography Chapter One. 1. Harvey, G., ĎThe complete critical guide to essay 2013, Thomas Hardyí, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003.

2. Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., ĎMaternal Instincts: Visions of motherhood and sexuality in Britain, 1875-1925í, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. 3. Jennings, A., ĎStranger than Fiction. Life and Literature in the Late Victorian Ageí, Black Cat Publishing, 2001. 4. Kent, Susan.íSex and Suffrage in Britain 1860-1914?. For Descriptive! Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 5. Matthew, A., ĎThe Forsaken Mermaní in Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000.

6. Millgate, M., Thomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelist, London: Macmillan, 1994. 7. Mitchell, S.,íDaily Life in Victorian Englandí, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 8. Wojtczak, H., ĎWomen of Victorian Sussexí, Hastings Press, 2003. Tess, the tragedy of an unfair existence. Is Tess a victim or a blemished woman? Is Tessís tragedy inevitableí?Tess of the DíUrbervilles is the product of sad short story, Hardyís fascination with women of good opening, beauty, energy and intelligence who find themselves trapped between these gifts, the aspirations such gifts justify, and their societyís assumption that respectable women must be either submissive or obtrusively and harmlessly aspiring. With few exceptions, Hardyís most interesting characters are his unconventional women including Tess who, so unconventional both before and after, is, predictably both the conventional ruined maid of fiction and a ruined maid like no other that has existed in British fiction.í Tess of díUrbervilles appears regularly in the literary magazine ĎThe Graphicí thorough the 1891.

This was an original method of Hardy. Systems! First, the author published his novels, serialized, in a magazine, and then, the for descriptive, novel is published in the book form. Essays! The bookís subtitle, ĎA Pure Woman Faithfully Presented Ďis the good essay, first evidence that Hardyís novel will shock his readers. Essay! The heroine will definitely reject the Victorian rules and will act independently and not in a predictable way as a Victorian heroine. The novelís readers were certainly impressed by the Hardyís creation: the author reveled in a candid manner the Tessís suffering and he is full of empathy and sympathy for the young girlís history. It was not easy for Thomas Hardy to find a publisher.

The novelís plot and also the heroine were full of sexiness. Episodes full of good sentence, passion were described, Tess was too sexy and in reviews, spite the sentence essay, rape willingness presented, Thomas Hardy insists that his heroine remains pure. All these elements made the novel a controversial work difficult to put in print. In 1890, Hardy succeeded to find a magazine willing to politics, publish his novel but he had to censor the most debatable episodes. ĎTess of the Durbervillesí was first published in good opening for descriptive essay, a censored edition and after a few years in its original form. The author also revised later editions of his novel and was somehow forced to modify or even erase some problematic scenes due to contemporary reviews. Politics! Modern critics admit that the 1891 edition is the closest to the original version of Hardyís novel. Probably the readers are asking themselves why this novel was so important to print for sentence, Thomas Hardy and what changes brought this writing in the Victorian age.

After a carefully reading and a harshly analysis the answer can be easily found- Hardy is trying to demonstrate that not all the Ďfalling womaní are prostitutes or ended up having sex outside of marriage. His heroine, Tess, is a victim of an archaic society which does not accept the womanís mistakes. This society is entirely dominated by systems men and accepts only the menís actions full on injustice, immorality and decadence. Thomas Hardy is opening sentence for descriptive, trying to raise some questions about the values of the society he lives in. He is a modern writer because has the ability to brown, attest the good opening essay, validity of the Victorian age values. Itís a significant discrepancy between the standards applied to men and essay scholarship, the rules the good opening sentence for descriptive essay, women had to respect in order to avoid the public humiliation and the lack of essay 2013, respect. The rape was a sensitive subject in good sentence, the epoch and always considered as determined by the womanís conduct. Signet Essay Scholarship! No presumption of innocence was given to the poor women who were not involved in a sexual relationship with a man, who was not protected by any legal or natural law. Thomas Hardy has structured his book in seven phases (novel division) which present the short and tragic life of his heroine, from her childhood to womanhood. ĒPhaseí is an interesting demarcation in itself. Unlike the sentence for descriptive essay, customary Ďbookí or Ďpartí or ĎsectionĒeach a spatial marker, none temporalĒphaseí signiíes a stage of change or development as well as unobtrusively linking Tessís growth to womanhood with the rhythms of the lunar cycle. ĎSevení is, in turn, redolent of signet essay scholarship, universal meanings: it is given as the Age of Reason, the good opening essay, Seven Ages of classics essay scholarship, Man (Shakespeare), and the Seven Pillars of Wisdom.

And, of course, the seventh day is the opening sentence for descriptive, Christian Sabbathíthe sacred day of fulfillment in the Genesis story of Creation; the day of rest from labor and of thanksgiving.í The seven phases are also divided cyclically and thematically. The novel begins with ĎThe Maidení which presents the young Tess in a difficult situation, he feels very culpable and also responsible for the death of Prince. In ĎThe Chaseí, when she is sexually abused she realizes that she her virginity is politics, lost and she is damned to sentence for descriptive, live a sadly life, with no respect or understanding from the community she lives in. She knows she is now Ďanother girl than the sad short story, one she had been at homeí A new stage of Tessís life starts with The Second Phase, ĎMaiden No Moreí. Now she is expectant a baby and decides that she canít stay any more in Trantridge. Opening Sentence Essay! Tess has tried to help his parents to resolve the financial problems they had at home and struggled to make Alec understand that she is not in love with him but she has lost his innocence trying to sad short essays, defend it. The heroine does not want a life full of lies and a marriage without love and sentence essay, he decides to essay, leave Alec and the life he can offer her. ĎOf all things, a lie on this thing would do the most good for me now; but I have honour enough left, little as ítis, not to tell that lie.

If I did love you I may have the best oícauses for opening for descriptive essay, letting you know it. But I donít.í Tess does not accept the weber, marriage with Alec because she cannot be with someone she is not in love with. She cannot accept this marriage even though it can be the good sentence, solution for a misery life, it can be the Ďsocial salvationí. Analyzing the decision Tess makes it can be concluded that Hardy wants to sacrifice Tess and to offer to his British readers an example of morality, integrity and honor. Hardy transforms his heroine into a model of sad short story, perfection knowing that greatness can be achieved but not perfection. ĎYet, in breaking the popular stereotype, Hardy was accused by some contemporary critics of misrepresenting womankind.

The ideal was preferable to the real if only to set a good example for the young British person, but Hardy refused to employ his art to such an end. Ď On the Phase the Third, ĎThe Rallyí readers can meet a new Tess who is willing to forget his past and to opening, start a new life. In this phase Tess is essays, enthusiastic and even though her past is still alive in her soul and her mind she can start over full of confidence and hope for the future. The heroine is prepared to good sentence for descriptive essay, embrace the new and unknown and involves in of india essay, a relationship with Angel Clare. Is for good opening sentence for descriptive, the first time when Tess feels the true love, loves and is loved. Sometimes she does not know how to react when Angel shows her that he is in love.

When Angel tried for the first time to take Tess in essays, his arms to kiss her, the girl is very scared and good for descriptive essay, does not know how to react. Brown 2013! She starts crying. Opening Sentence For Descriptive! ĎWhy do you cry, my darlingí? he said. ĎOíI donít know!í she murmured regretfully. Angel misunderstands his reaction and strongly thinks that he determined this powerful emotion being Ďtoo quick and unreíectingí . Brown Supplement Essay! Instinctively Tess puts a barrier between her and opening sentence for descriptive, the man she loves still being traumatized after the experience she had with Alec. She is not used to be in the arms of a man she has feelings for, the politics of india, heroine being forced in the past to reject every unwanted embrace offered by her Ďcousiní. After a few minutes of distance and defense she realizes that in Angelís arms she is safe, she does not have to be afraid anymore because Angel will protect her. Definitely she has to for descriptive essay, confess Angel the essay, sin that changed her and isolated from the opening for descriptive essay, community she lives in but the brown, girl knows that isnít the right moment. Tess does not know how Angel will react, she knows that is a sensitive subject and she can obtain forgiveness only if Angel has true and strong feeling for good sentence, her. ĎThe Consequenceí is the title for the Phase the sad short story, Fourth. Tess is good sentence essay, living a beautiful love story with Angel but her happiness is alloyed because the thesis, girl knows that she will have to tell Angel the ugly truth about her past. ĎShe makes several attempts but either she is sidetracked or she sidetracks herselfíagain, psychologically plausible self-protective behavior.

And when she Ďnally writes him an explanatory note, it accidentally slips under the carpet as she pushes it under his door. The cycle of intention undermined by accident seems unbreakable. Tessís resolve is challenged; she feels quite overwhelmed.í The things are easy neither for Angel nor for Tess. Essay! Angel has to face his parentsí attitude, disapproval and to convince them that Tess is the essays, best choice for him and not the young lady who he is supposed to marry with. Opening Sentence Essay! Even though Angel does not admit directly that he has his own prejudices in what concern the Tessís situation her soul struggles with his own doubt and his parentís opposition. ĎIndeed, his idealization of Tess is partly the cause of sad short essays, her failure to confess. The more he elevates her (she is a goddess, she is a pure daughter of good opening sentence for descriptive, Nature), the more she freezes at having to tell him that sheís none of these things. On the contrary, she is what his Evangelical family at the parsonage might call a fallen woman (and there are even uglier phrases than that).í Phase the fifth, ĎThe woman paysí presents another chapter in Tessís life, an episode full of thesis systems, sorrow and pain.

Tess revealed Angel all the truth about her situation, she told the man she loved the truth about the essay, sexual assault, the child she gave birth to, his short live, the baptize and the burial. The truth freed her but from Angel she did not receive understanding or unconditional love, only misery and pain. In Angelís eyes Tess is another woman, a woman with Tessís body but with a different story, with different values, a human being that he cannot forgive for his past and essays, have a happy marriage with. Phase the sixth, ĎThe convertí, represents the story of Alec who is now a Ďpreacherí and is religious converted. The meeting between Alec and Tess is unwanted by the girl but is seen by the man as a cure for his soul. Alec sees Tess, runs after her and tries to persuade her that he is changed, he succeeded to communicate with the divinity and is now aware of the good opening sentence, pain he caused her. He makes Tess promise that she will never tempt him again. In Phase the reviews, seventh, ĎFulfillmentí Alec becomes the good sentence, man that took Tessís virginity replacing the love for God with a sick love for Tess.

The sexually desire is stronger than ever and succeeds to transform the man into a sexual exploiter. Angel can now see the signet essay scholarship, truth about the Tessís personality, he can now distinguish the good opening for descriptive, essences and appearances but is too late. ĎIn accordance with the fulfillment of the seventh day of creation, Tess will now rest. Turning her life around for the very last time, she stands to face her prosecutors with that readiness of will and pure, undaunted spirit from which heroes, not victims, are made. Thesis Theory! Where Christís words were Ďit is done,í Tessís words are ĎI am readyí.í Was Tess the victim of the inevitable fate? Could the heroine change her destiny or was she damned to self-destruction by the society in which she lived? Since the beginning of the novel, Thomas Hardy, the good essay, author, describes Tess as a beautiful and signet essay scholarship, innocent girl, cheery, energy with a big smile on her face: ĎShe was a fine and handsome girl- not handsomer than some others, possibly- but her mobile peony mouth and large innocent eyes added eloquence to color and shape.

She wore a red ribbon in her hair, and was the only one of the good sentence, white company who could boast of such a pronounced adornment.í Using the adjectives Ďfineí and Ďhandsomeí the author suggests that Tess is not just a peasant girl who can pass unnoticed, on the contrary, she is a charming girl having all the necessary physique resources for making a man, a rich man maybe, falling in love with her and saving her poor existence. Brown! She also seems to be Ďthe oneí because is the only one wearing a red ribbon. Tess is the most beautiful heroine Hardy has created. Good Sentence For Descriptive! It is the first novel in which the author describes so deeply the feminine beauty, he is brown supplement, entirely focused on all the femininities the young girl was blessed with and good opening essay, revels all these features step by step. ĎFailures to see Tess rightly are everywhere in the novel, however, for the opportunity to look at her is offered again and again to one pair of eyes after another, as if it were a test, a measure of value. Angelís two brothers, for example, are both short sighted thought they wear the latest fashion in spectacles (XXV, 134). Blindly, they pass right by Tess, on the day she walked fifteen miles to Emminster Vicarage to ask for help from oxbridge dissertation her father in law. To them, she is good for descriptive essay, invisible.í ĎTess herself is almost less a personality than a beautiful portion of nature violated by human selfishness and over intellectualizing. She is the politics of india essay, least flawed of Hardyís protagonists, but also the least human.í The mixture between red and white (Tess is wearing a red ribbon and a white dress) used by Thomas Hardy isnít an good opening sentence accidental choice-it has a deep signification and systems, seems to be the authorís way of saying that this girl wonít have a common destiny, she will have a different existence, a scintillating life. The contrast between white-purity- and red-sexual experience- shows that Tess is not like the other girls, is the authorís warning signal and his modality of saying that his heroine will break down the Victorian society rules. At the May Day festivities Tess first meets Angel.

He stops to good opening sentence for descriptive essay, dance with the women in the village garden although his brothers want to keep traveling but he doesnít choose Tess to of india essay, be his dance partner observing her too late. This initial event isnít just an artifice of writing is also the authorís first sign that Tess and Angel arenít meant to be together. Angel doesnít observe Tess even though sheís the prettiest girl from the green garden because he canít notice the essences, only the appearances. Good Essay! And this is probably the reason for sad short, which he cannot forgive Tess after he discovers her big secret and condemn her to self-destruction. Opening Essay! Tessís fate is decided by the men in her life. The first male who has a great word to say about her destiny is Tessís father. After he discovers that is the descendant of an ancient and noble family he sends his eldest daughter to claim kin. And this is the beginning of sad short story, a terrible life for Hardyís heroine who doesnít manage in meeting Mrs. DíUrbervilles but chances to meet her debauched son, Alec. ĎHardy keeps the opening for descriptive, Ďman against natureí conflict as central in his novels, yet, he deals with the Victorian theme of social stratification through Ďman against maní conflict. With the importance attached to class in the late nineteenth century society, Hardy shows why human altruism cannot be achieved in the Victorian world. In a society in which the concept of class has already been established to essay 2013, form the individual relations of conflict and for descriptive essay, contract, John Durbeyfield is under the illusion that his Ďaristocratic backgroundí is significant since this background connects him to the rich díUrbervilles.

It is the illusion, the anticipation that causes him to commit the fatal mistake of signet essay, sending her daughter to the díUrbervilles.í About the first meeting between Alec and Tess, Hardy says: ĎShe had an attribute which amounted to a disadvantage just now; and it was this that caused Alec DíUrbervilles eyes to rivet themselves upon her. It was a luxuriance of opening for descriptive, aspect, a fullness of growth, which made her appear more of a woman than she really was. She had inherited the feature from signet her mother without the quality it denoted. It had troubled her mind occasionally, till her companions had said that it was a fault which time would cure.í Later, when Alec runs into Tess again he observes her beautiful mouth and describes it with lot of passion: ĎSurely there never was such a maddening mouth since Eveís!í Hardy describes all this physiques details because he wants to demonstrate that Alecís fascination with Tess is for descriptive, only physical. Alec is fascinated by signet her ravishing beauty and opening sentence, ĎAs the text progresses, Tess is once again described more than once, by her looks. This shows that Tess is being objectified by the author who seems very fascinated by her. He talks about thesis, her mouth and her lips as though he wants to kiss her.í Angel is also fascinated by good opening for descriptive Tessí physical features: ĎHow very lovable her face was to him. Yet there was nothing ethereal about it; all was real vitality, real warmth, real incarnation. And it was in her mouth that this culminated. Eyes almost as deep and speaking he had seen before, and cheeks perhaps as fair; brows as arched, a chin and throat almost as shapely; her mouth he had seen nothing to essays marx weber, equal on the face of the earth.

To a young man with the least fire in him that little upward life in the middle of her red top lip was distracting, infatuating, maddening.í For Angel Clare Tess is a very beautiful girl, with angelic features, lovable in spite of her beauty and not because of it. The character sees, in general, the metaphysical aspect of the things and values the ideal aspect of every action, event, and person. His name, ĎAngel Clareí is a significant clue of his personality: His last name ĎClareí is the English translation for the French word ĎClairí and good sentence essay, defines a person with a real capability of understanding the world, a person who lives in mind and is preoccupied with the mystical face of the essays, humanity. The adjective Ďclareí is opposed to Ďheatí and this opposition is shown in narratorís confession of Angelís love for the heroine: ďThough not cold-natured, he was rather bright than hot Ď less Byronic than Shelleyan; could love desperately, but his love more especially inclined to the imaginative and good opening sentence, etherealĒ. Angel loves Tess, whom he idealizes as a Ďfresh and virginal daughter of Natureí so deeply that he finally marries Tess without caring about his familyís strong opposition. He particularly appreciates her words: ĎI do know that our souls can be made to go outside our bodies when we are aliveí . When he discusses his marriage with his family, he mentions Tess as Ď a woman who possessed every qualification to politics of india, be the helpmate of an agricultureí , Ďshe was a regular church-goer, of simple faith, honest-hearted, receptive, intelligent, graceful to a degree, chaste as a vestal and in personal appearance exceptionally beautifulí . Hardy indicates: ĎIt was for her that he loved Tess, her soul, her heart, her substance-not for her skill in opening sentence, the dairy, her aptness as his scholar, and theory, certainly not for her simple, formal faith-professionsí. Although Angel has liberal visions and is more open minded than his father and his brothers, he is categorical and intransigent.

When Tess confesses her sin, Angel is inflexible and canít forgive the opening sentence essay, heroine for her only failing: ĎIn the name of our love, forgive me! I have forgiven you for the same! Forgive me as you are forgiven!í But Angel answered cruelly: ĎTess, forgiveness does not apply to the case! You were one person; now you are another.í ĎI will obey you, like your wretched slave, even if it is to lie down and die.í ĎYou are very good. But it strikes me that there is sad short, a want of opening sentence for descriptive, harmony between your present mood of self-preservation.í At the beginning of the novel Thomas Hardy presents a Tess Durbeyfield who is not aware of her beauty. She is just a country girl, with little education, living in the domestic sphere with her parents and brothers. Tess lives happily on her native heath and suffers a real shock when is forced to abandon her house. When Tess goes to the DíUrbervilles mansion she meets with young Alec who is fascinated by her beauty. And this is, probably, the moment which makes Tess aware of her charm perceived by the heroine as a curse and not as a gift from God.

Men in Tessí life have the wrong impression that they own Tess and can change her entirely. Alec reveals his feeling of superiority since the very beginning when he proclaims: Ďwhat am I, to essays marx, be repulsed so by a mere chit like you!í Alec is the opening, perfect image of the Victorian oppressor dominated by the ordinary custom and the bourgeois view of thesis systems theory, morals. Opening Sentence For Descriptive Essay! He is a sexual predator without an inner life, having a superficial existence and any moral values. The character is narcissistic, individualistic and heartless. Because Thomas Hardy doesnít mention anything about his childhood, the reader cannot say that Alecís personality is the result of a sad infancy. The reader is, somehow, forced to internalize the essay, idea that society perverts humankind and human beings pervert any society. For Descriptive! ĎAlec, the archetypal seducer in Victorian melodrama, after his violation of Tessís virginity, does not realize his sin; whatís more, he blames Tess for essay 2013, tempting him with her beauty. He does the wrong and shifts it onto the victim. Opening Essay! The social consensus does not condemn or punish Alec.

Instead it disdains and hunts Tess wherever she goes. The innocent pays for the guilty; the sinned suffers for the sinner.í Tessís badluck is related to male dominance and the idea of essay, male supriority. The heroine is just an good sentence essay innocent girl who is traped in politics of india, a male-centered society. She doesnít now anything about the sentence, world she lives in. Classics! She has the pure belief that human beings are kind and canít hurt honest people. She knows little about love because she has never been in love. For her love is: Ďpatient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud.í Tess has a real respect for her family and respects his fatherís will and not her own senses when leaves to sentence for descriptive essay, claim kin. She accepts any job Alec offers to her because knows very well that her family needs a new horse to survive. It can be said that the heroine is like an angel for her family, a spotless soul which is damned to live among monsters with human faces. Essays! Alec is the first master of disguises Tess meets.

Since the very beginning Tess dislikes Alec but endures his permanent undesirable attention because the girl has a clear purpose: to earn money. Good Sentence Essay! Alec calls Tess Ďcozí (cousin), wanting to thesis systems theory, worm girlís confidence but thereís nothing real in this appellative because the libertine young man has dark plans for opening sentence essay, Hardyís heroine. Tess is barely answerable for her actions: even though he does not like Alec and does not want a relation with him the obsession the man gets for the young girl will destroy her life. Her Ďdumb and vacant fidelityí to Angel would rather characterize a poor animal than a thoughtful human being. Tessís sensitivity is obviously the result of emotions and brown, not of judging. Opening Sentence For Descriptive! Hardy reveals that the adoration the girl has for signet essay scholarship, Angel is intense maybe extreme, but the author sees in her feelings something pure, emotions that translate generosity, self-sacrifice, forgiveness. The Hardyís protagonist has a great capacity of loving and understanding the human beings. With Alec she discovers that physical beauty can be a weight and not a blessing gave by God. She is a beautiful Ďobjectí that Alec wants to add to his collection. Good Opening Sentence For Descriptive Essay! He is not in love with the poor girl, he is attracted by her appearance and is the object of marx, his powerful sexually desire. ĎThe wicked inhabitant of the opening, díUrbervilles hall, the permanently smoking Alec, offers Tess the red roses and the fresh strawberries. He does this, actually, in reviews, a very bizarre way; he puts the strawberries directly into the Tessís mouth and presses the roses onto her breasts.

The reader recognises that Alec is haunting Tess physically as well as mentally, he acts as her persecutor, who is good opening, gifted by the supreme power of reducing her not only into systems, tears, but, more importantly, into good opening for descriptive, the unconscious state.í Alec personifies the unjust moralities on politics essay women and is the reflexion of a society which encourages injustice toward marriage and sexuality. For Descriptive Essay! Tess is a pure woman but becomes Ďfallení because the Victorian age has a certain opinion about chastity and signet classics scholarship, virginity. The girl becomes Alecís obliged mistress and THE murderess who has to die. Even though she was moral oppressed and psysical assaulted, the sentence essay, heroine is the only culpable and has to signet classics essay, pay for her mistakes. She canít live any more in a patriarchal society which only accepts manís mistakes and condamns women to have a pure conduct and a martyr life. Tess is doomed to tragedy.

She is trapped in good sentence essay, a strange society where social prejudice meets male-dominance. ĎTessís story, to some extent, reflects the rigidity of convention, the harshness of social law and the prejudice of morality in maledominated patriarchal society. Tess deserves the reputation of Ďthe best tragedyí the highest tragedyí, which is defined by the author. In the politics, worldly view, Tess is a Ďfallení woman; however, she is essentially pure and naturally unstained. Tess is a pure woman as Hardyís subtitle describes. Tess is tragic but pure.í ĎYou ask why Tess should have gone with Clare and Ďlive happily ever after.í Do you not see under any circumstance that they were doomed to unhappiness? A sensitive man like Angel Clare could never have been happy with her. After the first few months he would inevitably have thrown her failings in her face. He did not recoil from her after the murder is true. Good Opening For Descriptive! He was in love with her failings then I suppose; he had not seen her for of india, a long time; with the inconsistency of human nature he forgave the good sentence for descriptive essay, greater sin when he could not pardon the lesser.í Tess had a tragic fate. Of India Essay! All she ever wanted was little happiness, to love and to be loved. Good For Descriptive! Thomas Hardy describes her as a romantic character, with no social aspirations but with a great desire of spiritual fulfillment.

She is to a great extent an ignorant human being who will learn that life means injustice, sufferance, male dominance centered on the Ďdouble moral standardí of sexuality applied to essay, man and woman in the Victorian age. The heroineís indecisiveness, her frequent failures to mantain her resolve, condemn her to death. Opening For Descriptive Essay! For example, when Tess is watching the peasants of oxbridge dissertation reviews, Tantridge dance, she is good sentence essay, offered a walk home from Alec but refuses, a decision she will review later. Because she is raped by Alec, Tess swears she may never marry, confessing the dairymaids she wonít accept Angelís proposal Ďas I should refuse any maní , but she marries Angel. When Alec offers to make her his wife she refuse the proposal, before consenting to thesis systems, become his mistress. Tessí final uncertain decision is related to Angel Clare: when he comes to take her home with him the girl immediately refuse and advice him to Ďkeep awayí because is ĎToo late! Too late!í but, in the end, she murders Alec and runs to embrace her husband. Tess canít keep her promises and every time she does not truly mean what she says. Bibliography Chapter Two. 1. Blathway, Taymond, A Chat with the Author of Tess, Black and White, IV.

Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. Casagrande, P., ĎTess of the DíUrbervilles unorthodox beautyí, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Danielova, M., ĎThe concept of purity in Thomas Hardyís Tess of the DíUrbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 4. Ertu??rul, Ko. ĎTess of the DíUrbervilles, the tragedy of a Godless human existenceí, Journals of Arts and good opening sentence for descriptive essay, Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya. 5. Freeman, J., Studies in Philology, 1982 University of North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 6. Politics Of India Essay! Hardy, T., Tess of the DíUrbervilles, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983.

7. Holmberg, Mona, ĎTess, a victim of sentence for descriptive essay, her societyí, in Thomas Hardyís Tess of the DíUrbervillesí, Lulea University of reviews, Technology, Department of Language and good opening for descriptive, Culture, 2003. 8. Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, London, 2007. 9. Rogers, Katharine, The Centennial Review, Vol 19, No. 4, 1975 Michigan State University Press. 10.

Zhen, C., ĎTess in Thomas Hardyís Tess of the DíUrbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal societyí, society RAPE OR SEDUCTION? Was Tess raped or lied and signet essay, seduced? Is Angel an ĎangelĒ?Hardyís odyssey with Tess had involved five different namings: Love, Cis, Sue, Rose-Mary, and Tess. The various overwritings and textual layerings in the manuscript testify to the indecision and lack of single-minded vision in the author. Equally, the overlaid bowdlerizations testify to good opening, media or editorial censorship not only of Tessís sexuality but also of the controversial issues of illegitimacy and private baptism.í Tess is a complex character who has an evolutional destiny from her growth to essays marx, womanhood. She develops over time and good opening sentence for descriptive essay, according to chance, events, fate, intelligence, risk taking and becomes an example of adaptation. Tess is the object of of india, Alec díUbervilleís shameful purposes. He uses all the methods to seduce the innocent and naive girl: he compliments her excessively, he helps her family in order to win her appreciation, and the man is annoyed when Tess nonetheless continues to reject him.

And because Alec knows very well how to manipulate people around him he succeds to make the poor and ignorant Tess feel unsure about whatís wrong and whatís right. The heroine has deep rooted moral precepts in her poor education. Even though she has little school instruction, she knows that is very important to sentence for descriptive essay, remain poor and chaste in order to be accepted in a society ruled by males. Oxbridge! And the girl succeeds to achieve this objective until one fatal night when, through Alecís stratagem, they are lost together in a forest and the man rapes Tess changing her life forever. About this episode of a significant meaning for the entire novel Hardy does not go into detail but rather, he reflects: Ďwhy it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the opening for descriptive, wrong woman the man, many thousand years of analytical philosophy have failed to explain to our sense of order.í Tess becomes pregnant by Alec in politics of india, that fatal night and her life will be different from now on. ĎEventually, since Hardy is not one for good opening sentence, halfway measures, sorrow turns to violence, and the loss of oxbridge dissertation reviews, her virginity leads to Alecís murder and Tessís death on the gallows. Even without knowledge of the dire consequences Alecís pursuit of good sentence essay, Tess had, however, we can judge Alexís character to be frivolous, insensitive, and selfish. The question here, however, is whether he is also a rapist.í We do not know what exactly happened under the tree.

It is essays weber, very probably that Alec, while Tess slept, took the opening sentence for descriptive essay, opportunity to abuse her. And the fragile girl was unable to defend herself because a girl canít measure her force with a manís force. But is also possible that, given Tessí tiredness and disorientation, he could persuade the poor girl to agree to have sex with him. Theory! Alec, possibly, used once more his tricky words he had been using for the past months and opening sentence for descriptive essay, succeded to convince Tess that she loved him and the scene under the tree was just the expression of that love. ĎThis is a question of factí insofar as fictional narratives have factsíto which we cannot know the politics of india, answer. The issue here, however, is whether it makes any difference. [Ö] If physical force or the threat of physical force is used to get a woman to agree to have sex, that is good opening sentence for descriptive, rape. If psychological force is used, can that also be rapeĒ?We define verbal sexual coercion as a womanís consenting to unwanted sexual activity because of a manís verbal arguments, not including verbal threats of physical force. Men use many types of verbal coercion to obtain sex: threatening to end the relationship or to dissertation, find someone else to satisfy their sexual needs; telling a woman that her refusal to have sex was changing the way they felt about her; asserting that Ďeverybody does ití or questioning the good opening sentence for descriptive, womanís sexuality . . . making the woman feel guilty; . . . calling a woman a name angrily and pushing her away when she would not have sex; and threatening to do bodily self-harm.í Although the young Tess is dependent economically on Alec and has another social position- she is brown supplement essay, a country girl without money and with little education- she has resisted his flirting. The girl was honest with Alec telling him she disliked his way of good, watching her, his advances, the gifts offered to her family, the attention she didnít require. Sad Short! She has real moral values and cannot be bought with words or with money.

She wants to essay, fall in thesis systems, love with a real gentleman who is able to be patient, to for descriptive, conquer her, in time, with nice gestures and to appreciate and value her. But sometimes she is indecisive in weber, giving an answer to opening sentence for descriptive essay, his proposal to treat her as a lover. She says: Ď I donít know- I wish-how can I say yes or no when-Ē . Is that a flirt, an unconsciously encouraging? It tranlates fear caused by his economic and thesis systems theory, social power or young Tess has feeling for Alec but she is not aware of them? The writer gives few clues about this situation causing the reader a great confusion. He doesnít know what to believe about the poor girl, he canít find her guily for the situation but has doubt about her moral integrity. Is she an angel or a seductive and indecisive woman? Is she in essay, love with the Ďbastardlyí womanizer, the man with his crude, full lips, his bold eye and signet, his dark moustache? The weather conditions work against sentence Tess.

The fatal night is a foggy one. Alec loses his way in such circumstances and the moonlights appear only when he returns to Tess who is sleeping, there, in the wood. Brown Supplement 2013! Is Tess less rational because she is sleepy and she cannot defend her physical integrity? The reader knows very well Alecís personality and can drop the sad conclusion that the good opening sentence, man took sexual advantage of her. ĎHardy takes for granted that Tess becomes the target of the victimization simply because she is Ďstill aliveí and Ďof the essay, female sex.í Alec puts himself into the position of the wild hunter, who waits till everybody stops dancing to catch Tess and seize his power over her. The following atmosphere resembles the tranquillize state caused by taking some sleeping pills. Alec with Tess on the same horse passes through the Chase. Tess, feeling tired after the good opening for descriptive, dayís work, quickly disappears in the state of the signet scholarship, unconsciousness in the moment when she falls asleep.í Rather than describe the sexual scene, Thomas Hardy talks about its inevitability, brutality and good opening sentence essay, irrationality : ĎWhy it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissues, sensitive as gossamer and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man, many thousands years of analytical philosophy have failed to explain to our sense of politics of india, order.í The meaning of good opening sentence for descriptive essay, this paragraph is crystal clear: sometimes people cannot control the fate. Some people are born to suffer, the universe has strange plans for them. They can fight against the destiny but that is a short battle, with no victory.

Hardy uses a fatalistic expression to state the way destiny functions: Ď It was to brown essay 2013, be!í but he rejects the idea that children are punished for the mistakes of their ancestors Ď is scorned by average human natureí. Good Sentence! When Tessís mother presents her daughter the idea about getting Alec to marry her, the heroine is offended: ĎShe had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to weber, adroit advantages he took of good for descriptive essay, her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by his ardent manners, had been stirred to confused surrender awhile, had suddenly despised and disliked him, and brown supplement essay 2013, had run away. Good Sentence For Descriptive! That was all.í The Victorian society is cruel with the girl who canít do nothing to change her fate and has to face the essay, social rejection. Opening Sentence Essay! She is seen now as an immoral woman, a sinner who must be punished. She seems to be culpable for signet essay, breaking societyís rules and religionís conventions. But Hardy doesnít agree and says: Ď It was they that were out of harmony with the actual world, not she. Walking among the sleeping birds in good opening, the hedges, watching the skipping rabbits on a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence. But all the while, she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in antagonism, she was quite in thesis systems theory, accord. She had been made to break an accepted social law, but no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly.í Throughout the entire book Hardy speaks about the two types of law: natural versus social/religious.

Natural laws are known as Ďa system of right or justice held to be common to all humans and derived from opening sentence for descriptive nature rather than from the rules of society, or positive law.í ĎWalking among the sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the skipping rabbits on a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence. Essays! But all the good sentence for descriptive, while she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in sad short story essays, antagonism she was quite in accord. She had been made to good opening, break an accepted social law, but no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an essay anomaly.í According to the natural laws, what happened to Tess is Ďnaturalí, in synchronism with the nature and good opening sentence for descriptive essay, shouldnít be regarded as a mistake which leads to oxbridge dissertation, the total social rejection. Hardy associates the social law with convention and focuses on good sentence for descriptive essay the riguros Victorian sexual convention which he describes as unnatural and oppressive.

According to the natural laws, Tess is a pure woman. She remain pure because although her body is blotched, her soul continues to be pure. But, is Hardyís claim valid? If his argument is valid then Alec cannot be accused of rape because, according to politics of india essay, these natural laws, the sentence for descriptive, man, as an alpha male, made everything possible to preserve his species. In conclusion, Hardyís argument canít be valid. Besides the social rejection, Tessí loss of virginity Ďchanged her from simple girl to complex woman. Symbols of reflectiveness passed into her face and a note of tragedy at times into her voice.

Her eyes grew larger and more eloquent. She became what would have been called a fine creature; her aspect was fair and sad short story essays, arresting; her souls that of good opening for descriptive essay, a woman whom the turbulent experiences of the last year or two had quite failed to demoralize. But for thesis, the worldís opinion those experiences would have been simply a liberal education.í The inevitable meeting between Tess and Alec is predicted from the earliest chapters of Phase the First. Hardy gives clues about the good opening sentence for descriptive, imminent encounter using symbols and politics essay, symbolic events: the colors red and white, the virginsídance, Alecís giving Tess strawberries and the death of Prince. This is the authorís way of preparing the reader for the terrible event which will change Tessí life forver. Hardy describes the moment very carrefully: ĎTess!í said díUrberville. There was no answer.

The obscurity was now so great that he could see absolutely nothing but a pale nebulousness at his feet, which represented the white muslin figure he had left upon the dead leaves. Everything else was blackness alike. DíUrberville stooped; and heard a gentle regular breathing. Sentence Essay! He knelt, and essays marx weber, bent lower, till her breath warmed his face, and in a moment his cheek was in contact with hers. She was sleeping soundly, and upon good opening her eyelashes there lingered tears.í Analysing the description, William A. Davis, Jr. observes that the agression upon Tess begins without any verbal communication between Alec and supplement 2013, Tess. The heroine is asleep and good for descriptive, doesnít give an essays marx weber answer to Alecís accost. ĎThe silence ruled everywhere aroundí says Hardy. The physical contact is at opening for descriptive essay, first kind and caressing Ďher breath warmed his face , and in a moment his cheek was in contact with hersí and this affirmation is followed with the statement that the heroine Ďwas sleeping soundlyí . ĎSubsequent descriptive details- the narrator mentions Tessí absent Ďguardian angelí , the Ďcoarse patterní about to be traced upon Tess, Ďthe possibility of theory, a retribution lurking in the present catastropheí , and the certainty that Tessí Ďmailed ancestors rollicking home from a fray had dealt the same measure even more ruthlessly towards peasant girls of for descriptive essay, her timeí Ė all suggest the reviews, violent nature of Alec assault.

To an alert Victorian reader, however, these details would have confirmed rather than introduced the idea of rape. The rape of Tess actually begins with the passage that describe Tessí sleep and her lack of verbal response- the passage, in short, that establishes her lack of consent to Alecís advances.í ĎRape is the offence of good sentence essay, having unlawful and carnal knowledge of a woman by systems theory force, and against good for descriptive her will.í Mewsí Digest of English Case Law further explains that: Ďto constitute rape, it is not necessary that the connection with the woman should be had against classics her will; it is sufficient if it is without her consent.í And also the law specifies that: ĎIf the woman is asleep, when the connection takes place, she is incapable of consent, and although no violence is used, the pisoner may be convicted of rape, if he knew that she was asleep.í Because Alec does not receive any answer to his address, the reader can say that Tess is not a conscious woman in that crucial moment under the tree. She doesnít communicate with Alec because she is asleep and the reader can assume that Alec knows that the heroine is sleeping because he hears her breathing and receives no answer to his accost. Hardy intentionally introduces that episode full of signification at the beginning of the woods scene: he tries, in a subtle manner, to opening sentence, inoculate to his readers the idea that Tess is supplement essay 2013, raped and opening sentence for descriptive essay, not seduced. The girl isnít awake, her consciousness is completely or partially lost. This sleep is crucial for the poor girl because does not allow her to thesis, return to her former condition and brings her to a new stage- the girl is obliged to start a new chapter in her poor existence.

With the beginning of good for descriptive, Phase the Second Hardy gives another signification to the scene under the tree: he seems to essay, replace the idea of rape with the idea of seduction: Tess isnít any more a victim of Alecís desire, she is an accomplice in a romantic relationship of several monthsí duration. ĎIn his personal comments on the novel, Hardy tended to opening for descriptive, emphasize the seduction rather than the sexual assault that prededes it. For example, in a letter written in sad short story essays, 1891 to good sentence for descriptive, thank Thomas Macquoid for his praise of the serial Tess, Hardy refers to the seduction (but not the marx, rape) of Tess in the forthcoming volume edition: ?? Clareís character [in the serial] suffers owing to good sentence for descriptive essay, a mock mariage having been substituted for the seduction pure #038; simple of the original MS.- which I did for thesis, the sake of the Young Girl. The true reading will be restored in the volumes. Good! Thus, Hardy saw seduction as a major part of the true reading of Tess.í Why does Thomas Hardy offer few details about the scene under the tree? The reader cannot tell for essay, sure the reason why , but he can draw the conclusion that this is an artifice of writing used by the author to maintain his readersí curiosity about Tessí sexuality and purity. In his readersí mind will be a fight between two thoughts: Tess is an innocent young girl raped by a beast; Tess is not a pure girl, she fell in love with Alec, had a sexual relationship with the man and deserves everything that happened to her. ĎAs I have suggested, Hardyís writing (and rewriting) of the first of these events- the assault upon Tess in Phase the First- grew out of his knowledge of English rape law. The legal premise that a sleeping woman is incapable of consenting to for descriptive essay, sexual intercourse was routinely upheld in Victorian courts. A sleeping womanís purity- purity in the sense that she cannot consent to a sexual relationship and her will cannot be known- is beyond question in essay 2013, the eyes of the good, law; therefore Hardy turns his attention from rape to seduction and to the more complicated question of Tessí purity as an apparently consenting woman.í Alec is a dishonest character, he knows how to manipulate Tess, to play with her mind. Essays Marx! When the good opening for descriptive, girl discover that they are lost in the forest she says: Ď How can you be so treacherous?Ö.just when Iíve been putting such trust in youí . Politics Of India Essay! Before Alec goes to try to find a way of leaving the wood, he makes Ďa sort of couch or nest for herí with dead leaves, checking that they are dry. He also tells the sentence, girl that he has bought a new horse for her father and her siblings have now toys to play with.

Alec covers her Ďtenderlyí with his coat and brown essay 2013, goes to find the good for descriptive essay, way. What can the reader notice now is the fact that the entire forest is wrapped in fog. The fog has a deep signification in this episode and translate the signet essay, fact that Tess is opening for descriptive, absorbed into story, the natural environment. Fog symbolizes confusion, danger, and good sentence, the unseen. But here, in the phase two, Maiden no more, the reader can find important clues about the seduction and not the rape of Tess. The heroine admits that Ďher eyes were a little dazedí by Alec and that the tragic event was a moment of vulnerability. And this is the oxbridge reviews, first sign that Tess agreed to be involved in a sexual relationship. She accuses Alec for seducing her and not for an sexual assault.

Writing about Tessís drama, Ellen Rooney says that if the reader has no declaration about truth from Tess herself, he cannot precisely say whether or not she is good opening essay, sexual assaulted or seduced. But even though Tess never tells her story entirely, the reader has her thoughts on of india essay what she lived with Alec: ĎShe had never wholly cared for him, she did not care for him now. She had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to adroit advantages he took of her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by his ardent manners, had been stirred to good opening for descriptive, confused surrender awhile: had suddenly despised and theory, disliked him, and had run away. That was all. Hate him she did not quite; but he was dust and ashes to her, and even for good opening sentence essay, her nameís sake she scarcely wished to marry him.í ĎTemporarily blinded by his ardent mannersí the heroineíhad been stirred to brown supplement, confused surrender awhile.í From Tessí declaration the reader can draw the conclusion that for a little period of time the girl was superficially attracted to opening for descriptive essay, Alec and sexually stirred by brown supplement essay 2013 him. She never Ďwhollyí loved the sentence for descriptive essay, man and this is a strong reason to believe that the heroine could not have consented to have sexual relations with him. When leaving Alecís house Tess confesses that she now Ďloathe (s) and hate (s) herself for sad short story essays, (her) weaknessí. But why the girl hates herself and blames her for good opening for descriptive essay, her weakness if she was raped and not seduced?

Why doesnít she hate Alec for his cruelty? When Tess says that she Ďsuccumbed to adroit advantages Alec took of her helplessnessí , William Davis argues that she refers to the sexual assault of her while she slept. Because a sleeping woman cannot consent to sexual relation, under the Victorian Law this was rape. Sad Short! And surely Thomas Hardy knew about this law and wrote this scene under the influence of such law. To conform Hardyís intentions to Victorian law on rape, Davis argues that what the author calls Ďseduction pure #038; simpleí was rape followed by seduction. Thomas Hardy does not offer much information about the tragic event from that night but he argues that his heroine was very tired that night: ĎShe was inexpressibly weary. She had risen at five oíclock every morning of that week, had been on foot the whole of each day, and on this evening had, in addition, walked the three miles to Chaseborough, waited three hours for good for descriptive, her neighbours without eating or drinking, her impatience to start them preventing either; she had then walked a mile of the way home, and essays, had undergone the excitement of the quarrel, till, with the slow progress of essay, their steed, it was now nearly one oíclock. Only once, however, was she overcome by actual drowsiness. In that moment of oblivion her head sank gently against him.í Tess of brown supplement 2013, DíUrberville felt offended when Alec tried to take her in his arms. The girl knows that she is not safe, alone, with this man in the woods but she can do nothing to change this situation: ĎDíUrberville stopped the horse, withdrew his feet from the stirrups, turned sideways on the saddle, and good opening for descriptive, enclosed her waist with his arm to support her.

This immediately put her on the defensive, and with one of those sudden impulses of reprisal to which she was liable she gave him a little push from her. In his ticklish position he nearly lost his balance and only just avoided rolling over into the road, the horse, though a powerful one, being fortunately the quietest he rode.í Alec DíUrbervilles, the master of tricks, embraces Tess although he knows very well that the politics of india essay, girl has no feeling for him. He isnít dissapointed that Tess doesnít love him because Alec doesnít look for good opening sentence for descriptive essay, love, he wants to take Tessí virginity. ĎHe settled the matter by clasping his arm round her as he desiredí and Tess expressed no further negative. Thus they sidled slowly onward till it struck her they had been advancing for an unconscionable timeí far longer than was usually occupied by the short journey from Chaseborough, even at this walking pace, and that they were no longer on hard road, but in a mere trackway.í After Tessís fall Hardy asks himself: ĎBut, might some say, where was Tessís guardian angel? where was the Providence of signet, her simple faith? Perhaps, like that other god of whom the ironical Tishbite spoke, he was talking, or he was pursuing, or he was in good opening sentence, a journey, or he was sleeping and not to be awaked. Signet Scholarship! Why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the sentence essay, wrong woman the man [Ö]í Due to politics, Tessís first fall, her sexual experience with Alec, the girl is seen as a fallen woman who must be despised and discredited wherever she goes.

When she comes back to Marlott she is gossiped and sentence for descriptive essay, indirect attacked. Story! In the church Ďthe people who had turned their heads turned them again as the service proceeded; and at good sentence for descriptive essay, last observing her they whispered to each other.í She knows what the people were talking about and feels so hurt that she takes the decision she wonít go to classics scholarship, church anymore. Good Opening Sentence For Descriptive Essay! Working in her village, on a field, to earn her living Tess still cannot escape from the weber, rumor about her sexual relation with Alec and sentence for descriptive, her child is the real proof of that sin. She is really unhappy in her village and thinks Ďshe might be happy in some nook which had no memories. To escape the past and sad short, all that appertained thereto was to annihilate it; and to do that she would have to get away.í Under the great social pressure Tess is sentence, forced to reviews, leave her house and to try to start a new life somewhere else. She resembles with the rabbits, hares, rats, mice and snakes Ďretreating inwards as into a fastness, unaware of the good sentence essay, ephemeral nature of their refuge and of the doom that awaited them later.í ĎShe cannot escape the censure and condemnation, which company her like her own shadow. She is hunted everywhere. Hardyís poem, Tessís Lament vividly portrays the dilemma Tess is plunged in. I would that folk forgot me quite, Forgot me quite! I would that I could shrink from sight,

And no more see the sun. Would it were time to say farewell, To claim my nook, to need my knell, Time for them all to stand and tell. When Tess meets Angel Clare the essays, heroine has a certain sexual experience. The love story lived with Angel, the sentence, love confessions they make to each other, the certainty in Angelís confessions, all these good things in her life determine Tess to accept Angelís proposal without a better prudence and understanding of the facts. The heroine proved that she is capable of sustaining herself, she is fearless and self-determined. Signet Essay Scholarship! She can live without being married, she can feed herself just with love and he can live respectiong only the sentence for descriptive, natural laws. ĎCulture alone insists on marriage just as society insists on virginity and the church insists on the subordination of the woman in matrimony.í In the bridal night, when Angel confesses his sins Tess has an innocent belief that she will be forgiven.

She also has a dishonorable past but she is willing to forgive the man she loves and to live free in a happily marriage. Her mother does not agree with her decision of confessing Angel his past because she is classics scholarship, a woman with experience and knows that in a society dominated by men, in a patriarchal society she will be found guilty. ĎDespite her obsessive fear of Angelís learning her history, Tess is unrealistically unable to predict his response when he doesíimprobably na??ve in her jubilation that her transgression is Ďjust the good sentence for descriptive essay, sameí as hisí. Theory! She will not use sex to good sentence, win Angel over politics of india essay during their honeymoon, although the opening sentence for descriptive, narrator tells us that it might have worked.í Garson tries to determine if Tess is classics essay scholarship, characterized by lack of for descriptive, competence or honesty taken to extreme. She decides that Tess could act completely different this action having another end but Hardy does not want a happy end for his heroine, he wants to prove that Tess acts having in oxbridge dissertation, mind her own moral values and not the societyís. Angel confesses to good opening essay, Tess his sin, his Ďdissipation with a strangerí and after listening with great attention the girl concludes that her fall is not bigger than Angelís mistake and sad short story, he can obtain forgiveness. ĎIt can hardly be more serious, dearest,í says Angel, condescendingly, smilingly. ĎIt cannotíO no, it cannot!í She jumped up joyfully at the hope. ĎNo, it cannot be more serious, certainly,í she cried. ĎI will tell you now.í She sat down again. Good Opening Essay! Their hands were still joined. The ashes under the grate were lit by the Ď re vertically, like a torrid waste. Her imagination beheld a Last Day luridness in oxbridge dissertation reviews, this red- coaled glow, which fell on his face and hand, and on sentence for descriptive essay hers, peering into the loose hair about her brow, and Ď ring the delicate skin underneath. According to signet essay scholarship, Rosemarie Morgan (Student Companion to Thomas Hardy, p.93) in a later version for the 1912 Wessex Edition Hardy writes out Tessís words. After the sentence, statement ĎNo, it cannot be more serious,í he adds, Ďbecause ítis just the 2013, same!í Saying these words she tries to convince herself and the man she is in love with that she Ďcannotí, Ďcannotí, Ďcannotí be condemned by him because their situation is Ďjust the sameí. The repetitions prove that Tess is making a considerable effort to convince Angel and to good opening essay, convince herself that her mistake is not bigger than his.

Tessí belief that Angel will love her and will forgive her sin is expressed in some words of a great innocence: ĎI thought, Angel, that you loved meíme, my very self! If it is I you do love, O how can it be that you look and speak so? It frightens me! Having begun to thesis, love you, I love you foreveríin all changes, in all disgraces, because you are yourself. I ask no more. Then how can you, O my own husband, stop loving meí? Angel has annihilated the image of woman he was in love with- Ēthe woman I have been loving is not youí . Tess is scared and terrified; ĎTerror was upon her white faceí and good for descriptive essay, her full and beautiful mouth that once charmed Angel and reminded him of Ďroses filled with snowí is cursed Ďa round little holeí ĎAngel, to essays, a far greater extent than Tess, is formed and shaped by his past. She, with her rebounding spirits, vibrant sexuality and self-determination, had created herself anew, had risen above her past where Angel is still victim of his.

Significantly, the fallen woman is rendered dumb, mute, and prone, not by the seducer but by the lawful husband.í Thomas Hardyís heroine is not killed by her past but by good opening sentence essay the man she is married to. Even though her sin is essays marx weber, still alive in her soul, Tess succeeded to forgive herself and to start a new life far away from the good opening for descriptive essay, man who raped her and away from the family that did not succeed to understand her sorrow and to cure her wounds. In a menís world, Tess is just a victim who cannot live in a lie and decides to tell all the truth to the man who convinced her to essay, marry him and who will kill her soul slowly and gently. The heroine is punished because she is a woman in for descriptive, a menís society and is married to a man caught in Victorian conventions. How can she be a real human being if the menís world decides to reduce her to an objectĒ?Thus humanity is male and man defines woman not in herself but as relative to him; she is not regarded as an autonomous beingí.she is simply what man decreesí.she is defined and differentiated with reference to man and not he with reference to her.

She is the incidental, the unessential as opposed to thesis theory, the essential. He is the Subject, he is the Absolute- she is the Other.í Bibliography Chapter Three. 1. Conly, Sarah, ĎSeduction, rape and coercitioní, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of Chicago Press. 2. Danielova, M., ĎThe concept of purity in sentence, Thomas Hardyís Tess of the DíUrbervilles, Faculty of signet classics essay, Education, Brno, December 2010. 3. Davis, W., Thomas Hardy and the law, Legal Presences in Hardyís Life and good for descriptive essay, Fiction, Rosemont publishing and and printing corp, 2003. 4. Garson, M., Hardyís Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text, Oxford University Press, 1991. 5. Hardy, T., Tess of the DíUrbervilles, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 6. Hardy, T., ĎLetter to Thomas Macquoid Ď, 29 Oct 1981, in classics scholarship, The collected letters of Thomas Hardy, ed. Richard Little Purdy and Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246).

7. Morgan, R., Women and Sexuality in opening sentence for descriptive essay, the novels of Thomas Hardy, Routledge London and New York, 2006. 8. Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2007. 9. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., ĎNonviolent sexual coercitioní, in Acquaintance rape, the hidden crimeí, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991. 10. Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, trans. H. N. Parshley, New York, 1953, p. xiv. 11. Zhen, C., ĎTess in Thomas Hardyís Tess of the DíUrbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal societyí. Anna Karenina and oxbridge dissertation reviews, Tess of DíUrberville- a tragic destiny.

Anna Karenina is a novel wrote by the russian writer Lev Tolstoy, published in serial installments from 1873 to 1877. Since the good opening sentence, novelís publication, Anna Karenina has been seen as Ďevery manís tragedyí or considered as a Bovarian banality by sad short story essays any masculinist critical view. Iuri Lotman, said: Ď The plot of Anna Karenina reflects, on the one hand a certain narrow object- the life of the heroineÖ..We can regard the life of the heroine as a reflection of the life of any woman belonging to a certain epoch and a certain social milieu, any woman, any person. Otherwise, the tragic vicissitudes of her life would only be of local interest.í Lotmanís affirmation translates once again the idea that menís problems are more important than the essay, womenís problems. Signet Classics! Itís not quite important that a woman is not happy in her marriage, that she does not feel love and affection for the men she lives with, because the most important problems in any society are menís problems: war, government, etc Once again, also in Anna Karenina as in Tess of DíUrbervilles it can be seen the preoccupation for a society which is dominated by opening men, is a patriarchal epoch concerned exclusively with menís situations. Signet Classics Essay! The question regarding the womenís position in society was initially formulated in the Victorian England and later this preoccupation could be also found among the Russian elite after the translation of Millís oeuvre, ĎThe subjection of womení in 1869. Essay! The beginning of the nineteenth century did not come with major ideas about thesis theory, womenís condition and life, but it can be seen as a start of reconsidering the role of women in a society governed by good opening men and which needs a change. Russian womanís emancipation had been initially treated in literature- the novels of Ivan Turgenev, the oeuvres of Alexander Druzhininís ĎPolinka Saksí (1847), or the Nikolai Nekrasovís play, ĎSashaí. Essays! Early Russian writings concerning the idea of oppressed women were influenced by the novels of George Sand, whose feminine characters suffer because cannot be free in choosing the man they want to love and to be happy with.

Anna Karenina is a very beautiful, noble, married woman from St. Petersburg who lives a life full of bitterness because she is good opening sentence essay, married with a man she does not love and she is in oxbridge, love with a young officer. This passion, these strong feelings will be the reason for his exile from the society she belongs to and will bring her death. Even though Tess of DíUrbervilles is not a rich woman, on the contrary, is a very poor girl with a family that will sign her death conviction- she is good opening sentence, sent to claim kin and she is not advised that out there is a big world and she has to be very careful because men might want to oxbridge dissertation, harm her and to take advantages of her- the opening, both heroines are guided by the same noble feeling and have the genuine belief that a woman can be happy only through love, loving and be loved. The both characters are very beautiful women- Tess is poor but beautiful, she does not have an elitist education but she cannot be seen as a simple peasant girl; Anna Arkadyevna Karenina is reviews, a model of beauty and good sentence, perfection. Sad Short Story Essays! He has a selective education, she is very intelligent, a big reader of English novels and she also writes books for children. Anna is very elegant and is considered a perfect woman who can make any man fall in love with her. Her life with a cold and passionless government official taught her to play the role of cultivated, noble, perfect wife. She is also a good hostess and plays all these roles with style and refinement.

The tragedy of sentence for descriptive essay, beautiful women comes from the fact that they are considered as a trophy every respectable man must obtain. And if the woman is married then the battle will be more powerful: the competitor will try to conquer someoneís Ďgoodí in classics scholarship, order to prove to good for descriptive essay, himself that he has the real qualities to essays marx weber, win, he is opening sentence, better than the husband and he can really understand the heroineís needs for love and support. Anna is brown supplement 2013, not a simple aristocratic woman who plays the role of the perfect and happy wife who is good opening sentence for descriptive, still in love with her husband, is only preoccupied with the raise of her children and obeys entirely her husband because he is marx, always right. Anna has an ardent spirit and is determinate to live her life on her own terms. ĎAll the girls in the world were divided into two classes: one class included all the girls in the world except her, and for descriptive, they had all the oxbridge, usual human feelings and were very ordinary girls; while the other class Ď herself alone- had no weaknesses and was superior to all humanity.í Tolstoy writes ĎAnna Kareninaí in order to opening sentence, explain the great changes occurring in the Russian society during the late nineteenth century. The novel presents a battle between the old patriarchal values which characterize the old society, the aristocracy and thesis theory, the new, modern values, the West values. The landowning aristocracy believe in traditions like servitude, and autocratic government, while the West brings values like technology, democracy, rationalism. This major theme can be seen in the difficulty Levin has with his workers when he tries to introduce a new way of farming. Sentence For Descriptive! His peasants refuse to of india, implement the new technology having the strong belief that the traditional Russian way of farming should not be changed. ĎTess of DíUrbervillesí presents the changes brought in the nineteenth century in the Victorian Age, also the importance of social class in England and in the same time the complication of defining class in the Victorian England. A proof for this affirmation is sentence, offered by the fact that Durbeyfields are no longer considered in the Victorian Age as a dominant symbol as it would have been in the Middle Ages. Alecís father, Simon Stokes was able to use his money and to buy a very important, aristocratic name, being another proof that in the Victorian period money are more important than the origin and family history.

In the both novels, ĎAnna Kareninaí and ĎTess of DíUrbervilles the changes brought in the society are presented by the main heroines. Alexei Karenin, the weber, government official with a weak personality is playing the role of an educated and sophisticated man who is capable to forgive his wife for her infidelity and to offer her the chance at a respectful life despite her adventure with the young officer. What Karenin does not understand is the power of sentence, love that can make people to choose the complicated way and not the simple and known path. Sad Short Story Essays! Anna Karenina, like Tess, is not just a simple woman, who can leave in conventionalism, she has another perception of live and she wants to love, to be appreciated as a special woman and not just as wife and mother. She craves for a life of ardent emotion and noble passions. Kareninís entire life is characterized by formalism, he knows which his duties are and he respects the good opening, professional obligations of his function.

Alexei is sad short essays, a very good government official because this role defines him and in fact is the ratio of his life- a life without grand passion and excitement. Sentence Essay! Anna and Karenin have a marriage of convenience. Thereís a big age gap between the two characters and classics essay scholarship, also different ways of living and seeing the life and lifeís values. Anna craves for sentimental devotion and good opening sentence essay, sincerity while Alexei is happy with the essays, monotonous work and family life. ĎAll happy families are alike; each unhappy family is good opening sentence, unhappy in its own wayí is the first line of the Tolstoyís novel and reveals the signet classics essay scholarship, fact that the novel is concerned with the happiness, is a declaration for good sentence, the need of happiness. Is it Anna Karenina happy? Why did the essay, heroine immediately fall in love with Vronsky and renounced to her comfortable and respectful life?

Why is a mother ready to sacrifice her child for a man? These are the questions Tolstoy tries to answer and his explanation is that women are capable of great and powerful feelings. They can live in opening sentence for descriptive essay, misery but a domestic one, not a sentimental failure; they can have a conventional marriage but will always crave for the real love and for essays marx weber, fervent feelings and when they will meet the love they will be capable of leaving everything for that noble feeling. Anna Karenina has an unhappy marriage, her husband does not appreciate her as a woman, he can only see the sentence, mother Anna and the wife Anna but not the woman Anna who needs love, appreciation, adventure and politics, emotion. Anna is ready to defend her love for Vronsky, she can accept the social rejection, the fact that she will never be respected and she will be seen as a sinful women. But thatís the essence: a woman, who has the courage to love and to openly live with a man that is not her husband, is good for descriptive, not captive in a formal arrangement that could have offered her protection and could have been the institutionalization of a lie is what defines a heroine. Systems! Tess of DíUrberville is not an sentence essay unfaithful married woman, she is thesis systems theory, just an innocent peasant girl who is opening, convinced that two people that are meant to be together will meet and will live a beautiful love story like in the novels she used to read. Politics Of India Essay! She is not a sinful woman because is not her choice to be raped but is considered by the Victorian society as a decadent human being and convicted to opening sentence for descriptive essay, the social rejection. Essays Marx! ĎAnna, Eustacia, [Vye], Tess [Durbeyfield] or Sue [Bridehead] Ė what was there in sentence, their position that was necessarily tragic?

Necessarily painful it was, but they were not at politics of india, war with God, only with Society. Yet they were all cowed by the mere judgement of man upon opening sentence for descriptive them and all the while by their own souls they were right. And the judgement of men killed them, not the judgement of their own souls or the judgement of essay scholarship, Ethernal God. Good Opening For Descriptive! Lev Tolstoy chose to essay, analyze the ďwoman questionĒ enclosed in a comparison: He puts in opposition Annaís search for sense in opening sentence, life with that of Levin, the Tolstoyís other main character. And Tolstoy chose to do something scandalous for his epoch: He converted Anna in an unfaithful woman- a sensitive character. Oxbridge! Anna wasnít miserable because she disobeyed her unbearable, suffocating husband and had to be punished; she was unhappy because she didnít find, in Tolstoyís opinion, meaningful love and the lifeís signification. Tolstoyís belief that true love and opening for descriptive, happiness could be accomplished only through a love marriage means represents the heroineís drama. Anna finds for a short period of time happiness outside marriage, in Vronskyís arms but her lack of autonomy and social rejection brought by a forbidden relationship causes her sorrow. Tolstoy puts in opposition Annaís story with the story of Levin, an open-minded man who succeeded in his search for meaning in life by choosing a marriage partner he considered his equal rather than his inferior. Tolstoy also presents the hypocrisy that characterizes the nineteenth society, the fact that men could cheat his partners without punishment whereas women could not. He also highlights the idea that lots of systems theory, woman had relationships outside the marriage including discreet women who blames Anna for her actions similar to their own.

The Victorian controversy of good essay, grand importance in ĎTess of DíUrbervilleí is also Ďthe Woman questioní or how woman should be seen and what roles they should play in society. Many writers thought that woman should stay at home and work in the house, being unable to learn and to work for marx, the society. The Victorian women were meant to be Ďan angel in the houseí and good sentence, also for their husbands and nothing more. If the woman lost her virginity and honour, before marriage, she was convicted to live a life full of oxbridge dissertation reviews, shame and sorrow. If the husband was unfaithful, the society wonít blame him for the sexual behaviour.

R.G. Christian says: ĎIt was people not God who threw Anna under the good sentence, trainí highlighting the power of the society which can determine the destiny of a human being. Vladimir Nabokov, in systems theory, his work on Russian literature, characterized Anna as Ďa young, handsome, and good opening sentence for descriptive essay, fundamentally good woman, and a fundamentally doomed woman.í Nabokov also protects her role as a foreigner of the classics essay scholarship, society she lives in: Ď[Anna] is a woman with a full, compact, important moral nature: everything about good for descriptive, her character is significant and striking, and reviews, this applied as well to her love. She cannot limit herself as another character in the book, Princess Betsy, does, to an undercover affair. Her truthful and passionate nature makes disguise and good opening, secrecy impossible.í Tolstoy makes Anna almost completely a human being of passion and then allows that passion to kill her. After the heroine meets Vronsky, all of her actions are concerned with keeping a loving relationship with him. Anna is also ready to renounce to her existence in signet, order to feel and to enjoy the for descriptive essay, full love. Her passion for signet classics essay scholarship, Vronsky causes a separation between herself and Kitty and opening essay, also between herself and the domestic sphere. After the social rejection also the supplement, position of mother is soon denied her, and later she is not enough concerned in developing a relationship with her daughter and make this relationship essential part of her life. Even her outfits limit the character.

She wears only opening essay, black clothing expressing the fact that she is in a profound grief and she seems convicted to die for essays, the fact that she was capable to good opening for descriptive, renounce to dissertation, her family for good, living the politics of india, love story of her life. Tess of DíUrberville is not a rich, aristocratic girl, on the contrary, she is put under immense pressure by good sentence essay her family to improve their economic position and brown essay, reputation. She grows in a small village being protected from the influence of an aristocratic society with decadent values. Good Essay! She is a genuine young girl who wants to have a happy marriage, to love and to be loved. She is not interested in having a certain social position because she believes in love as a way of reviews, being happy. But the society is cruel with the Thomas Hardyís heroine and signs her conviction to for descriptive essay, dead. Even though she cannot be found guilty because she did not consciously commit a mistake she is blamed by essay 2013 a superficial society which cannot see under the appearances. Anna Karenina is found guilty because she had the courage to admit that her marriage is for descriptive essay, a formal one and she is theory, not happy. She discovers another Anna when she is with Vronsky and she is very happy. Her guilty is that she refuses to sentence essay, live a love story outside her marriage in a society in which the relationships outside a marriage are accepted and formal alliances are protected. Tess of DíUrberville was found guilty because her family couldnít protect and defend herself against a world dominated by men and she had the courage to tell Angel that she was raped and he had a little baby.

She did not want to marry with Alec, to have a formal marriage because the hypocrisy dominated in the Victorian society did not affect her perception about does a marriage mean. Vronsky is a good looking character, rich, and also a charming man who is signet essay, as willing as Anna is to sentence for descriptive essay, renounce to his social status and professional position for finding the real love. Systems! His involvement in his hospital-building project shows a carrying person who wants to protect the good opening, weak people. But the Tolstoyís work also shows a Vronsky with defects and blames. His strange hair, his mistake in calculating the horse race, his ambitions of military fame these entire characteristics make a Vronsky human and not a romantic character. Anna finds Alexei an exceptional man who could make her very happy and could offer her a completely rescue and a burial into a seductive passion.

The heroine is supplement essay 2013, very disappointed when she discovers that Vronskyís passion is good sentence, limited and politics, he is just another man and good sentence, not THE man. The Tolstoyís choice to essay, give Vronsky the same name as his husbandís suggests that Anna is doomed to repeat the failure of her first relationship. ĎAnna had been preparing herself for this meeting, had thought what she would say to him, but she did not succeed in saying anything of it; his passion mastered her. Opening Sentence Essay! She tried to calm him, to calm herself, but it was too late. His feeling infected her. Her lips trembled so that for a long while she could say nothing.í Vronskyís commitment to Anna seems to decrease in later chapters of Tolstoyís novel but the brown essay 2013, reader cannot be convinced that this is the true situation because he finds out about this wane of devotion from Annaís confessions which betrays the fear that the man she loves and for whom she has sacrificed her marriage and her social position, becoming a mistress, is good opening, not any more in love with the heroine. Brown Supplement Essay 2013! The events related to this episode seem to indicate that Vronskyís love hasnít faded: he takes Anna to his country home which is luxurious, elegant, he stays with the heroine and refuses to visit his old friends and even mother, he is still fascinated by her beauty and personality. He occasionally misses the old fame and military glory especially when he meets his old comrades but he does not blame Anna for this situation.

Vronsky accepts Annaís paranoia and her whims but for good for descriptive, Tolstoyís main character these proves are not enough, are just signs of duty and not actions indicating true love. The reader cannot decide is right in this situation because Vronskyís thoughts are not exposed. Angel Clare is Tessí Vronsky, the essays marx, man full of passion who can kidnap the heroineís present and can project a whole new world outside the mediocrity of an irrational and hypocritical society. When Tess first meets Angel she realizes that she definitely has seen him before, at the May-dance and he did not choose Tess to be his dance partner. But because the destiny wants to good sentence for descriptive, bring together Tess and Angel and also to determine, Tessí dead conviction, they meet again at the dairy. The love the marx weber, both characters feel for good sentence for descriptive essay, each other is genuine, pure, without being jealous or proud. ĎIt was then, as has been said, that she impressed him most deeply. She was no longer the milkmaid, but a visionary essence of woman- a whole sex condensed into story, one physical form. He called her Artemis, Demeter, and good opening essay, other fanciful names half teasingly, which she did not like because she did not understand them. ĎCall me Tessí, she would say askance; and he did. In this quote from the novel the oxbridge dissertation, reader can clearly see that Angel is in love with the image of a perfect woman and not exclusively with Tess herself.

She is compared with the Greek goddesses and good opening sentence for descriptive, that means that she has to be the ideal of feminine beauty and story essays, perfection in order to good sentence for descriptive essay, be loved by Angel. And Tess is not a goddess, sheís a simply peasant young girl who just wants to love and to be loved. In the critical essay ĎWhy women are oppressedí Anna Jonasdottir says: ĎMan is willing to accept woman as an equal, as a man in skirt, as an angel, a devil, a baby-face, a machine, an instrument, a bosom, a womb, a pair of legs, a servant, an encyclopaedia, an ideal or an marx weber obscenity; the only thing he wonít accept her as is a human being, a real human being of the real sex.í Angel seems to be a character that wants to be surrounded by sentence for descriptive angels and canít accept that human beings have a past, made mistakes, he cannot forgive and story essays, forget even though he asks for forgiveness. He is an example of a fallen angel who couldnít remain pure and also failed in being a good Christian by confessing Tess his sin. His mistake is also Tessís mistake but the influence of the Victorian society does not allow him to see clearly and to only after the longue journey he realizes that Ďthe beauty or ugliness of a character lay not only in its achievements, but in its aims and impulses; its true story lay, not among things done, but among thinks willed.í Tess of good sentence essay, DíUrbervilles and Anna share also another pattern-fog, haziness, mystery. Scholarship! When Tess of DíUrbervilles is good essay, raped, the scene is surrounded by mist and the reader does not exactly knows what to think about thesis systems, this situation: ĎShe was silent, and the horse ambled along for a consider- able distance, till a faint luminous fog, which had hung in sentence essay, the hollows all the essays, evening, became general and good opening sentence for descriptive, enveloped them. It seemed to hold the moonlight in suspension, rendering it more pervasive than in clear air.

Whether on this account, or from absent-mindedness, or from sleepiness, she did not perceive that they had long ago passed the oxbridge, point at which the lane to Trantridge branched from the essay, highway, and that her conductor had not taken the politics of india, Trantridge track.í Anna herself speaks of a certain haze which in associating it with the purity of first love: ďI remember that blue haze, like the haze on the mountains in Switzerland. That haze which envelops everything at that blissful time when childhood is just coming to an end and opening sentence for descriptive, its huge merry circle narrows to a path which one treads gaily yet with dread into lifeís corridorĒ . Dissertation! . . Kitty smiled Ö ďHow did she go through it? How I should like to know the essay, whole romance of her life!Ē she thought, recalling the unromantic exterior of Annaís husband.í The patter appears again when Kitty realizes the visible sympathy between Anna and Vronsky at the ball and ďa mist spread(s) over her soulĒ Anna and Tess are two heroines who have lots o resemblances but also dissimilarities. Tess of DíUrbervilles is an innocent peasant girl who takes care of her family being fascinated with the novels she reads. She is not selfish, she does not to marry with an aristocratic men and to be part of the oxbridge, aristocratic society. Anna is also intelligent, cultivated, simple, honest, and a devoted mother.

But the sentence for descriptive essay, relationship with Vronsky changes her completely. Tessís downfall is caused by marx weber her lack of education in what concern such a complicated subject for the society she lives in- sexual relationships and it can be said that her trust in men is determined by good opening reading romantic novels and identifying with their heroines in a specifically sensual and innocent way. Brown Supplement 2013! Anna, on good essay contrary, is dissertation, unable to read her novel on her train ride home after flirting with Vronsky. ďShe was too eager to good opening, live herself. If she read how the heroine of the novel nursed a sick man, she wanted to be moving about brown essay, a sickroom with noiseless tread herselfĒ. When she discovers, it is to make an instinctual moral perception: ĎThe hero of the novel had nearly attained his Englishmanís idea of happiness Ö and Anna was wishing she could go to the estate with him, when she suddenly felt that he must be feeling ashamed and good essay, that she was ashamed for the same reason.í Anna Karenina and Tess DíUrbervilles are honorable women. Even though Anna has a sexual relationship outside her marriage she does not accept Kareninís proposal when he decides that they can stay into a formal marriage and forget Annaís infidelity. The heroine is not ashamed that she has a relationship with Vronsky because this relationship represents her entire life-love, fantasy, eternity, nobles. ĎAlexey Alexandrovitch! What is it you want of meĒ?I want you not to meet that man here, and to conduct yourself so that neither the world nor the servants can reproach youÖnot to see him. Thatís not much, I think. And in return you will enjoy all the privileges of a faithful wife without fulfilling her duties. Thatís all I have to say to you.

Now itís time for me to go. Story Essays! Iím not dining at home.í He got up and moved towards the door. Anna got up too. Bowing in good sentence essay, silence, he let her pass before him.í Tess of DíUrbervilles also refuses Alecís proposal to essays, be his mistress because she cannot have a relationship with a man she is not in love with, a man who harmed her. ĎVery well,í he said, laughing; ĎI am sorry to wound you. I did wrongíI admit it.í He dropped into some little bitterness as he continued: ĎOnly you neednít be so everlastingly flinging it in my face. Good Opening Essay! I am ready to pay to the uttermost farthing. You know you need not work in the fields or the essays, dairies again. You know you may clothe yourself with the best, instead of in the bald plain way you have lately affected, as if you couldnít get a ribbon more than you earn.í ĎI have said I will not take anything more from you, and opening sentence, I will notíI cannot!

I SHOULD be your creature to go on doing that, and essay, I wonít.í Bibliography Chapter four. 1. Hardy, T., ĎTess of the DíUrbervillesí, edited by sentence for descriptive Juliet Grindle and classics scholarship, Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 2. Jonasdotti, A., ĎWhy women are oppressedí, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994. 3. Lotman, Iuri, ĎThe structure of the good opening for descriptive, artistic textí, translation by Ronald Vroon, University of Michigan, 1977. 4. Mandelker, A., ĎFraming Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question, and the Victorian novelí, The theory and interpretation of narrative series, Ohio State University Press, 1993. 5. Nabocov, V. ĎLectures on Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981. 6. R.G. Christian, ĎTolstoy: An Introductioní, Cambridge 1969.

7. Tolstoy, L. ĎAnna Kareninaí, translated by Louise Shanks #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. In the Victorian age, women were seen through menís eyes. They were the most important characters in essay, the domestic sphere, the sentence for descriptive, family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of business and politics, a place similar with the haven, in which men found love from their wives and children. The Victorian women were seen as being pure and perfect. Oxbridge Dissertation! They were Ďangels in the houseí, wives and mothers dedicated to their families and children. They had to obey their husbands because men were the main characters in the society.

The marriage was a light form of slavery: after the wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to the husband. 1. Blathway, Taymond, ĎA Chat with the Author of Tess, Black and White, IVí. Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. Sentence! Casagrande, P., ĎTess of the DíUrbervilles unorthodox beautyí, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Conly, Sarah, ĎSeduction, rape and brown supplement, coercitioní, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of Chicago Press. 4. Danielova, M., ĎThe concept of purity in Thomas Hardyís Tess of the DíUrbervillesí, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 5. Good Sentence For Descriptive! Davis, W., ĎThomas Hardy and the lawí, Legal Presences in sad short story essays, Hardyís Life and Fiction, Rosemont publishing and and printing corp, 2003. 6. Ertu??rul, Ko. ĎTess of the DíUrbervilles, the tragedy of a Godless human existenceí, Journals of Arts and good opening for descriptive essay, Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya. 7. Freeman, J., ĎStudies in Philologyí, 1982 University of North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 8. Garson, M., Hardyís Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Textí, Oxford University Press, 1991. 9. Hardy, T., ĎTess of the DíUrbervillesí, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983.

10. Hardy, T., ĎLetter to Thomas Macquoid Ď, 29 Oct 1981, in The collected letters of Thomas Hardy, ed. Essays Weber! Richard Little Purdy and Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246). 11. Harvey, G., ĎThe complete critical guide to Thomas Hardyí, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003. 12. Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., ĎMaternal Instincts: Visions of motherhood and sexuality in Britain, 1875-1925í, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. 13.

Holmberg, Mona, ĎTess, a victim of her societyí, in Thomas Hardyís Tess of the DíUrbervillesí, Lulea University of Technology, Department of opening sentence for descriptive, Language and sad short essays, Culture, 2003. 14. Jennings, A., ĎStranger than Fiction. Life and Literature in the Late Victorian Ageí, Black Cat Publishing, 2001. 15. Jonasdotti, A., ĎWhy women are oppressedí, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994. 16. Kent, Susan.íSex and Suffrage in Britain 1860-1914?.

Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 17. Lotman, I. ĎThe structure of the artistic textí, translation by Ronald Vroon, University of Michigan, 1977. 18. Mandelker, A., ĎFraming Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question and good opening for descriptive, the Victorian novelíThe theory and interpretation of narrative series, Ohio, State University Press, 1993. 19.

Matthew, A., ĎThe Forsaken Mermaní in Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000. 20. Millgate, M., ĎThomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelistí, London: Macmillan, 1994. 21. Mitchell, S.,íDaily Life in Victorian Englandí, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 22. Morgan, R., ĎWomen and Sexuality in the novels of Thomas Hardy,í Routledge London and New York, 2006. 23. Morgan, R., ĎStudent companion to Thomas Hardyí, Greenwood Press, London, 2007. 24. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., ĎNonviolent sexual coercitioní, in Acquaintance rape, the essays, hidden crimeí, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991.

25. Nabokov, V. ĎLectures on Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981. 26. R. G. Christian, ĎTolstoy: An Introductioní, Cambridge, 1969. 27.

Rogers, Katharine, ĎThe Centennial Reviewí, Vol 19, No. 4, 1975 Michigan State University Press. 28. Simone de Beauvoir, ĎThe Second Sex,í trans. H. N. Parshley, New York, 1953. 29. Tolstoy, L. ĎAnna Kareninaí, translation by opening Louise Shanks Maude #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. 30. Zhen, C., ĎTess in Thomas Hardyís Tess of the brown supplement essay, DíUrbervilles- victim of social prejudice and opening sentence for descriptive essay, male dominance in brown supplement 2013, Victorian patriarchal societyí, society

31. Wojtczak, H., ĎWomen of Victorian Sussexí, Hastings Press, 2003. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Literature essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.

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