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arabic homework ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ???. - Write a half page of the tow patterns of essay letter Raa’a ( ? - -? ) attached in your homework book. The demonstration for both patterns can be found at the following links : - Write a full page of tow patterns of letter D’aad ( ?? - ? ) as attached in your homework book. The demonstration for both patterns can be found at : - Write a full page of the patterns of letter Daal ( ? - ?????? ) on P.74 from Kitabi 1 with the strokes (Fatha ,Damma, Kassra), as well as with the long vowels ( ? , ? , ? ) as attached in your homework book. - Write a full page of the patterns of letter Raa’a ( ? - ?????? ) on P.91 from Kitabi 1 with the strokes (Fatha, Damma, Kassra), as well as with the research papers, long vowels ( ? , ? , ? ) as attached in your homework book. - Write a full page of the patterns of letter Zaa’a ( ? - ?????? ) on scholarship application P.101 from Kitabi 1 with the strokes (Fatha, Damma, Kassra), as well as with the un application, long vowels ( ? , ? , ? ) as attached in your homework book. Essay? The demonstration for drawing different patterns of the above letters can be found at the following links; 1 - Read and join the following letters as shown in the example below and write them in your homework book: ?? + ? + ?= ???? Bread. ?? + ? + ? = Molar. ?? + ?? + ?? = He hit. ?? + ??+ ??= He came. Essay On Pedagogy? ?? + ? + ?? + ? = Green. 2- Do the exercise written in scholarship application essay your homework book. Algebra Research? - Prepare the following words which are on P.24 from My Book3 for spelling with the strokes (short vowels) to develop listening and writing skills: ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????????. - Revise the written grammar subjects in your school work book (A4) to discuss in the classroom to scholarship verify learning and understanding. - Do the writing exercises on of life P.8-10 in My Book 3 -Writing Book. Scholarship Application Essay? - Do the exercise written in your homework book. - Read the words in section (I look and read) P.29 from My Book4 and write them in your homework book to develop reading and writing skills. - Prepare the following words for dictation in the classroom: - Prepare the following words or terms on P. Black? 48 from My Book5 for spelling in the classroom: - Read text (Parts Of My Body) on P.45-46 from scholarship application essay My Book 5 to develop reading and understanding, skills. - Write P.48-49 from text (Part Of My Body) from My Book 5 in your homework book to develop writing skills. Online Masters In Creative Writing? - Do the essay, exercise attached in your homework book. - Complete the exercise attached to your homework book. - Prepare the spelling text on P.10 from your handouts of the subject ( Kaana and its sister ) for dictation in the classroom . - Write minimum of (70) words in your homework book about the subject (The best day in my life) using the following questions. ( when? , where? , how? ,What ? ,Whom? ) - Revise Surah (AL-IKLAS) on P.08 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to recite in model un application essay the class to verify memorization and essay, understanding. Black Sox Scandal? - Revise the application, subject (Allah is the one) on P.33 in Islamic Education Book-KG to discuss in the classroom to answer the following questions: Who is the only God we should warship? - Revise Hadeeth 2 (Best of you who ) on P.26 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to recite in essay on pedagogy the class to application verify memorization and understanding. Essay? - Revise the subject (Manners of the scholarship application, Raod) on P.84 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to discuss in the classroom to answer the following question: How should we treat other road users? - Revise Hadeeth 11 (Not from us who doesn’t ..) on masters writing P.40 in the Islamic Education Book-KG, to recite in application essay the classroom and discuss the model un application, following: - How to scholarship respect who is older than us. - How to mercy who is writing, younger than us.

1- Revise the subject of essay (Prayer) on P..38 39 in the Islamic Education Book 2 . 2 - Answer the following questions in your homework book; - What must you do before Prayer ? - How many times a day must a Muslim pray? - List the five daily Prayers in order with the number of Rak’as in each Prayer ? - Revise subject “The Good Model” from the Islamic Education Book 3 to algebra research discuss in the classroom and answer few questions to verify understanding. - Review and memorize the vocabulary written in you School Book (A4) that are related to subject (The Best Model) to develop speaking and understanding skills. - Revise Ayas (1- 11 ) from Surat Ad- Duha P. Scholarship Essay? 596 in online masters Juza’a Amma to recite in the classroom to verify memorization and understanding. - Revise subject: (Islam, Iman, Ihsan) on P.(32-33) in the Islamic Education Book 3 to scholarship application essay discuss in the classroom, then answer the sox scandal statement, following question in scholarship essay your homework book: - Give a short definition for the following words in your homework book: Islam - Iman - Ihsan. Algebra Research? - Read the essay, subject (At-Tawheed) from your Islamic Education Book 4 on P.3-5 to make an idea about the new subject. - Read the subject (The Results Of Tawheed) from your Islamic Education Book 4 on P.6-7 to make an sox scandal, idea about the new subject. Essay? - Read the Dua’ (When a favour is Done UntoUs) from your Islamic Education Book 4 on P.107 to make an idea about the new subject. - Give the meanings of the following words and write them in your homework book: - Revise the subject of writing ( Al-Taharah ) on P.21-22 from the Islamic Education Book 4, and answer the following questions in your homework book . - What does Al-Taharah mean? - How do we keep our bodies clean? - How do we keep our hearts clean and free of sins? - Write a half page of the tow patterns of letter Daal ( ? - ??? ) as attached in your homework book. Scholarship Application? The demonstration for both patterns can be found at the following links : - Write a half page of the ( number Zero) in Arabic . - Write a full page of the tow patterns of essay letters Seen and Sheen ( ? - ? ) as shown in your homework book. - Write a full page of application essay letters (Baa’a-Taa’a-Thaa’a) as shown in your homework book. - Write a full page of letter Daal ( ? ) with the Fatha stroke De ( ?? ) , as well as with the long vowel Alif ( ? ) Daaa ( ?? ) as attached in your homework book. - Write half a page of number one (1) P.120 in My Book 1 in the homework book. - The demonstration for drawing different patterns of letter Daal can be found at the following link; - Write a full page of the following words in your homework book in essay preparation for spelling assessment in the classroom :- ?? ?? He caught. Scholarship Application Essay? ???? ?? He shouted. Algebra? - Do the exercise written in your homework book. - Prepare the following words for application dictation in the classroom: ???? ( He walked ) - Choose the correct letter to complete each word below and black sox scandal statement, write them in your homework book : ????????. ( ? ? - ? - ???? ) ??????? . ( ? ? - ? - ???? ) - Do the exercises written in your homework book. - Read text (My Family) P.17 -18 from scholarship essay My Book 4 and write it in your homework book to develop reading and writing skills. - Prepare the papers, following words for dictation in the classroom: ) My sister ( ?????. (My neighbour) ??????. - Prepare the scholarship, following words or terms on P. ( 40 ) from My Book5 for spelling in algebra papers the classroom: (???????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???? ???? - ????) - Revise text (I buy my food and my things) on pages (34-35) from My Book5 to develop reading and scholarship, understanding skills. - Write page (34-35) from text (I buy my food and my things) from My Book 5 in your homework book to model un application develop writing skills. - Give the opposites for the following words and application, write them in your homework book: - Give the singular for each of the following plural noun and write them in your homework book; ( ?????? schools ( ? ) ?????? ( friends ? (???? swords ) ? (????? windows ) ? (???? dishwashers ) ?( ?????? prophets ) ? (????? streets ) ? (????? papers ) - Indentify the algebra, type of plural ( Masculine Plural or Feminine Plural or broken plural ) for the following words and write them in your homework book. ( ?????? ? ?????? ? ????? ? ?????? ? ?????? ? ????? ? ????? ? ?????? ? ????? ? ????????? ) - Prepare the scholarship application, spelling text on P.22 from My Book (6) to dictation in masters the classroom. - Revise the subject ‘Shahada’ P.40 in application the Islamic Education Book-KG to discuss in the classroom to verify understanding. - Revise subject ‘Allah is the creator of sox scandal everything’ P.41-43 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to scholarship application discuss and answer the following question in the classroom top verify understanding; What has Allah (SWT) created for us? - Revise Surat Al-Falaq on P.10 in the Islamic Education Book KG to recite in the classroom to verify memorization and understanding. - Revise the subject of (The Pillars of Islam) P.87 in the Islamic Education Book 2 to discuss and answer the following questions in the classroom: 1- What are the Five Pillars of Islam? 2- What is Al-Shahada in Islam? - Revise Hadeeth 4 **Islam was built on statement five** P.32-33 to recite in the classroom to application essay verify understanding and memorization and model essay, discuss to answer the following questions in the classroom: 1. How many times should a Muslim pray daily? 2- In which month do Muslims fast?

3- What is Zakaah? 4- Where do Muslims go to perform Hajj? - Explore and read subject (Al-Taharah and Al-Wudu’) on essay p.31 35 in masters in creative the Islamic Book 2 . - Answer the scholarship essay, following questions and write them in your homework book; - What does ( Al-Taharah ) mean ? - What does ( Al-Wudu’ ) mean ? -Why should a Muslim be particularly clean for in creative writing Salah ? - Revise the names of Allah P 11 -15 from the Islamic Education Book 3, and answer the following questions in your homework book: Give brief definition of Allah’s name (Al Kareem) What does Allah want us to do to be good Muslims? - Revise subject: (Eidul -Adha P.93+ Salatul Eid P. Essay? 96) in the Islamic Education Book 3 to discuss in the classroom, then answer the following questions in your homework book: 1- When does Muslims celebrate Eidul-Adha? 2- What are the in creative, days of Tashreeq (Ay yaamut -Tashreeq) ? 3- How many Rak’as are there in Eid Praey? and who should perform it? - Read the subject (Our Role Model Muhammad) from your Islamic Education Book on P. (111-112) to make an idea about the new subject. - Revise Ayas (1-6) from Surat ( Al - Mutaffifeen) P.5 87 from Juzu’ Amma to recite in the classroom to confirm memorization and understanding. - Revise Ayas (1-9 ) from scholarship application essay Surat ( Al - A’la) P.591 from Juzu’ Amma to recite in the classroom to purpose of an confirm memorization and application essay, understanding . - Read the topic of (AL-Taharah) from algebra research papers your Islamic Education Book 4 on P. (21-22) to make an idea about the new subject. - Write a half page of the tow patterns of letter Daal (? - ??? ) as shown in your homework book. The demonstration for scholarship essay both patterns can be found at essay on pedagogy, the following links : - Write a half page of the tow patterns of letter S’aad (? - ??? ) as shown in your homework book. The demonstration for both patterns can be found at the following links : - Revise subject (The Bleesed Eid Ul - Adha) on P.51-52 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to scholarship discuss in on pedagogy the classroom what usually Muslims do during Eid . Essay? - Read and essay, join the following letters to make words as shown in the example and write them in your homework book :- ?? + ? + ? + ? = ???? Pear. ? + ? + ?? = He caught.

?? + ?? + ?? = He shouted. ?? + ? + ? = Eye sight. The following link provides demonstration of writing different patterns of scholarship essay letter S’aad: - Write Text ( ???? ) (My name) P.9 from on pedagogy My Book 3 in your homework book. - Fill the correct letter in the blanks and write them in your homework book : ??. ( ? ? - ???? ) Huda (girl’s name ) ????. (???? ?? ) Cakes. Essay? ???????. ?? (? ? - ???? ) Salim (boy’s name) ??????. (? ? - ???? ) He walked. ??. ???????? ( ??????????????? - ? - ????????? ) Peppers. - Do the exercise written in your homework book. - Read text (Let’s go to school) P. 8 from My Book 4 and write it in of an plan your homework book to develop reading and writing skills. Application? - Prepare the model, following words for dictation in the classroom: ) His face ( ??????. Application? - Prepare the following words or terms on P. (38-39) from My Book 5 for spelling in the classroom: (?????? ???????? ????? ????? ???????_ ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? -?????????) - Read text (I buy my food and my things) on pages (34 -35) from My Book 5 to develop reading and understanding, skills. Essay? - Write pages (38-39) from text (I buy my food and my things) from My Book 5 in your homework boo k to develop writing skills. - Write in English the meanings of the following words in your homework book: - Prepare the scholarship application, Vocabulary in Arabic English languages on P.( 20-21) from My Book (6) for dictation in the classroom . - Convert each underlined word below to Sound Masculine Plural changing what is needed and write the whole sentences in your homework book : - ??????? ?????? ?? ????? . - ????? ????? ??????? . - ?????? ??????? ?? ????? . - ????? ???????? ??????? . - Give the Sound Feminine Plural for each of the following words, then , put them in meaningful sentences and write them in your homework book : - Revise subject (The Bleesed Eid Ul - Adha) on P.52 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to discuss in the classroom what usually Muslims do during Eid . - Revise subject (The Bleesed Eid Ul - Adha) on model P.51-52 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to discuss in the classroom what usually Muslims do during Eid . Scholarship Application Essay? - Revise subject (The Bleesed Eid Ul - Adha ) on P.51-52 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to discuss in the classroom what usually Muslims do during Eid . Papers? - Revise the story of prophet Ibraheem (PBUH) and the Bulding of scholarship Kaaba page 153 in the Islamic education book 2 and answer the following questions in the homework book :- 1 What did the prophet Ibraheem (PBUH ) build ? And why? 2 Who did help Prophet Ibraheem (PBUH ) in building?

5 On which day is Eid ul-Adha ? - Revise the online writing, names of Allah P.11 -15 from the Islamic Education Book 3, and answer the following question in your homework book: - Give brief definition of Allah’s following names: Alrahman Al-Raheem - Al Wadood - Al-Razzaq. - Revise subject: (Al- Hajj) on P . ) 79-82 ( in the Islamic Education Book 3 to scholarship essay discuss in the classroom, then answer the black sox scandal statement, following question in your homework book: 1- What are the FOUR main Manasik’s ( (????? of Hajj ( (???? ? - Read the subject (Al-Hajj P. 79 + Salatul Eid P. 96) from your Islamic Education Book 3to make an idea about the new subject. - Revise Ayas (1-6) from Surat ( Al - Mutaffifeen) P.5 87 from Juzu’ Amma to recite in the classroom to confirm memorization and understanding . - Read the topic of (AL-Hajj) from your Islamic Education Book 4 on P. (62-65) to make an idea about the new subject. - Revise the subject “Al-Hajj” on P.(62-64 ) from Islamic Book (4) and write the answers for scholarship essay the following questions in masters in creative writing your homework book.: - What are the four pillars of ” Hajj” ?

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Nursing Internship Essays and Research Papers. Cesar Ritz Colleges Internship February 13 2013 by: Carlos Iyorgui Florez Arango 203574 523 Submitted to: Angharad Williams . English composition HOW TO BE PREPARED Carlos Iyorgui Florez A. Everybody is looking for internships nowadays, some because is an obligation in the university program and other ones because of the great opportunity offer, but they don`t really know what is the internship about. Scholarship Essay? Is it worth it? What should they know? What are the employers looking for.

Employment , Intern , Internship 647 Words | 3 Pages. October 22, 2012 Internship Argumentation Internships are opportunities that many students take before graduating from . college. Whether paid or unpaid, they’re beneficial to students, nonetheless. They provide experience that can’t be learned elsewhere, and also gives them an edge in comparison to students that don’t take the opportunity. Of course, internships can have their downfalls in which they may not be taken as seriously as a ‘real world’ job but the pros that internships offer outweigh. Employment , Intern , Internship 752 Words | 3 Pages. ? 08/06/2012 [ Company representative] [Company Name.] [Address] Dear [ Company representative] Thank you for offering a work experience . Internship for our Diploma in Information Technology (Level 7) student, [YourName ], for the period 16th Sep 2013 to 11th November 2013. The internship is the final part of the diploma programme and is a very important part of the programme [YourName ], is enrolled on andto provides the student withhim an opportunity, prior to graduation, to. Cooperative education , Education , Employment 749 Words | 4 Pages. The Impact of of life, Internships on scholarship application essay, Graduate Employability. The Impact of Internships on Graduate Employability Executive Summary Are internship programs an opportunity for students and purpose . fresh graduates in the search of employment or are they a corporate excuse to optimise a cost-effective, pro-active, and eager human resources’ capital without fees and benefits?

Are internship programs beneficial and relevant for students and scholarship application fresh graduates to origin of life essay, leverage themselves to limited opportunities in a highly competitive market? This paper is a critical review. Cooperative education , Employment , Intern 1766 Words | 6 Pages. ? Bus- 489 Report On Internship Introduction Internships provide real world experience to those looking to . Scholarship Application Essay? explore or gain the relevant knowledge and skills required to enter into writing a particular career field. Internships are relatively short term in nature with the primary focus on getting some on the job training and taking what’s learned in application, the classroom and applying it to online masters in creative, the real world. Interns generally have a supervisor who assigns specific tasks and evaluates the scholarship essay interns overall. Cooperative education , Employment , Intern 1963 Words | 16 Pages. THE IMPORTANCE OF INTERNSHIPS Growing up in thesis, school, students are constantly reminded that a college education is necessary to make a . decent salary. Scholarship Essay? Over the sox scandal thesis years, it has become evident to application essay, many young adults that this statement is black thesis indeed true. However, as the need for jobs increases, so does the necessity of being more competitive in a work field.

Since our generation has grown up knowing that graduating from scholarship application, college is a necessity, a college education is purpose essay no longer enough to be competitive in. Educational stages , Employment , Intern 1017 Words | 3 Pages. Health Care Management Internship Experience Labovitz School of Business and Economics University of Minnesota Duluth Description of the . Program The purpose of the internship program is to essay, provide juniors and online masters in creative writing seniors with an opportunity to enhance and apply what they learn in their academic program while working in a health service organization. Students are pursuing a degree in business administration and are majoring in application essay, health care management. Those that enroll in the Labovitz School of Business.

Cooperative education , Education , Employment 1360 Words | 5 Pages. Page 1 of 2 Tips and Thoughts for your Internship Journal Your journal entries do not have to be lengthy, but should capture your general . thoughts and reactions to masters in creative writing, your work. Ideally, you should maintain your journal on a daily or weekly basis to ensure that you capture details as well as your feelings and application reactions to the day-to-day events and your responsibilities while interning. Benefits of keeping a journal • Your journal entries will prove quite useful when updating your resume in the fall. A Good Day , Experience , Feeling 613 Words | 3 Pages. ?COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore Department of Management Sciences Internship Report Format Report should be composed and . written in M.S. OFFICE (Microsoft word, Excel etc) Report writing instructions: Page size: A4 Font size: 12 Font name: Arial Font color: Black Line spacing: 1.5 Margins: 0.75” (Left Right) Header Footer: 0.75” Gutter: 0.5” Footnotes: Where ever applicable Index: Must include copy of the original forms used in the organization. Intern , Internship , Report 552 Words | 4 Pages. Form A Internship Proposal Or Endorse. English Program of the TSU-College of algebra research papers, Arts and Social Sciences, students are required to have an on-the-job training (OJT) or internship of two . hundred (200) hours in a company; and we have chosen Tarlac State Universityfor this purpose. The objective is to expose the application students to an actual work environment and learn to algebra papers, apply what they have learned in the academe.

The internship experience that we propose involves activities or tasks where our students are provided with a better idea of application essay, what they can. Carlos P. On Pedagogy? Romulo , Central Luzon , Employment 444 Words | 1 Pages. 1.1 Introduction The internship was completed at scholarship application essay Adfactors PR Pvt. Writing? Ltd, to give a firsthand experience of client servicing in a Public . Relations firm and thereby enhancing my professional skills. Adfactors PR is one of the world’s top public relations firms with more than 20 years of scholarship application essay, experience in the Indian marketplace. 1.2 Objective of the internship ? To provide a firsthand experience at a Public Relations firm. ? To know about the young and developing PR market in India. ? To be trained. Communication , Intern , Internship 943 Words | 3 Pages.

Internship abroad is good for students. ?Introduction. (Monique) In the latest centuries a lot of students are going abroad to purpose of an essay, do an internship for scholarship, their study. They go (for example) . to Spain, America, England or Australia and work (approximadiatly) for 5/6 months to gain experience in the work field. When they get back to the Netherlands they will start their 'normal study life' again. An internship abroad is good for the students because it is good for their development, it is good to black sox scandal thesis, get knowledge, and last but not least it is good. Cooperative education , Employment , Intern 1389 Words | 4 Pages. Module Manual: Summer Internship Academic Year: PGP 2010-12 CONTENTS Summer Internship Policy 1. Scholarship Application? Summer . Internship 1. Pre-Requisites 2. Objectives of Summer Internship 2.1 Orientation in purpose of an, the Company 2.2 On Job Training 2.3 Summer Training Report 2.4 Expectations from the summer intern 2.5 Documentation and Presentation of the Final Report 3. Interns – In the Organization 3.1 Attendance Policy 3.2 Conduct of interns 4. Role. Cooperative education , Employment , Intern 1409 Words | 6 Pages. was just around the scholarship application corner. My internship reaffirmed my decision to essay, become an accountant. Application Essay? I found that nobody expects you to know . Essay On Pedagogy? everything and that mistakes can be tolerated if learned from.

The experience has given me confidence in myself that was severely lacking beforehand. I have realized that I want to scholarship essay, continue working in the area of online masters in creative writing, auditing. Experience And Academic Benefits. Application Essay? Experience is always an model, advantage when seeking employment. Scholarship? An internship provides a relatively nurturing.

Academia , Accountant , Cooperative education 1262 Words | 5 Pages. ?“Progress Report #1 – 40 hours” Submitted by Romalyn Lintag BA482 Business/Research Internship “Hyatt Regency Guam” . On Pedagogy? Spring 2015 I. Application? Name and title of supervisor I am interning under the Sales Marketing department at the Hyatt Regency Guam. I am under the primary supervision of Mrs. Medel Cosico who is the ap biology Director of Sales and Marketing. Scholarship Essay? Besides Mrs.

Cosico, I am also being guided by Miss. Susan Navarro who is the secretary of the department, alongside Miss. Shasta Cejoco. Hotel , Hotel chains , Hyatt 776 Words | 4 Pages. Internship Evaluation Form Student: ________________________ Field Supervisor: ________________________ 1 Unsatisfactory – never . demonstrates this ability/does not meet expectations 2 Uncomplimentary – seldom demonstrates this ability/rarely meets expectations 3 Fair – sometimes demonstrates this ability/meets expectations 4 Commendable – usually demonstrates this ability/sometimes exceeds expectations 5 Exceptional – always demonstrates this ability/consistently exceeds expectations . Communication , Intern , Internship 527 Words | 3 Pages. ?Are Unpaid Internships ethical?

Slide 1: Background Many Interns are constantly being abused. Many employers see internships . Ap Biology? as a way to use college kids to scholarship application, do the work that no one else wants to do for free. Companies take full advantage of college students in need of internships because they know that it today’s world it is nearly impossible to algebra research, get a job without having some type of prior experience in their field. A majority of unpaid internships are legal, but are they ethical? This is. Employment , Intern , Internship 690 Words | 3 Pages. REPORT: associates degree in nursing date: 12/4/2012 Descriptive Abstract This investigative report will go into detail about application, associate’s . degree in nursing . Papers? Nursing is the largest health care profession in scholarship essay, the U.S. Over 2.5 million strong, nurses make up the online masters writing largest workforce within the clinical healthcare industry.

Nursing careers offer a wide variety of application essay, roles and purpose essay a broad scope of scholarship application, responsibility. Online Writing? This report will also show graphs and steps to get into a nursing program as well as job titles. Academic degree , Associate's degree , Bachelor of Science 927 Words | 4 Pages. nation has been the focus of the National Academies, Institute of Medicine (IOM). It turns out to scholarship application essay, be that clear from their research that . nursing plays an important role in the conveying health care. Origin Of Life Essay? Robert Woods Johnson Foundation (RWJF) was appointed by IOM the essay Committee through the interdisciplinary practiced that depend upon the initiative on the Upcoming of Nursing . Sox Scandal Thesis Statement? The aim was to create an achievement in favor of plan for anything that would let nurses to scholarship application essay, principal alteration in the direction to.

Health , Health care , Health economics 1333 Words | 4 Pages. Five benefits of completing an internship Internships are where higher education meets employment; they allow students to algebra papers, gain . experience working in an organization while studying at university. They can be paid or unpaid and allow you to work in application essay, an organization for a set period, which could be anything from one intensive week, to interning once a week for twelve months. On Pedagogy? In some courses, such as medicine, nursing and education, which require access to hospitals and schools, industry placements are. Career , Cooperative education , Employment 2299 Words | 7 Pages. Nursing Essay: Sample Reflecting on one’s Communication Skills Introduction Nursing students can enhance their learning . Application? through reflection that is, reflecting on a situation that involves nursing care (Parker 2006, p.115). Model Essay? In line with this thought, I shall reflect on an experience and discuss the communication skills I used or should have used during the scholarship application essay patient encounter. Sox Scandal? I will use the three what model based on the work of Borton (1970) and Boud (1985) to help structure my reflection. Before. Communication , Health care , Health care provider 2075 Words | 7 Pages.

IJCDSE, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2012 . Application? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ A Win-Win Dual internship model for plan, turning graduates employable Rajesh Subramanian Botho College, Botswana Aarthi Nagappan Botho College, Botswana Abstract There seems to be a growing concern about the skill set needed in university graduates which is a factor inhibiting numerous students from acquiring . Cooperative education , Employment , Intern 5635 Words | 10 Pages. The field of nursing is very broad. With a degree in nursing , someone could enjoy a range of experiences. With a degree in . nursing from NCCU State University, there are a number of career paths I could follow such as, becoming a Registered Nurse Case Manager, Nurse Practitioner, or Patient Advocate. Within this research paper, I will explore the nursing job field and application also give statistics on the nursing field. Nursing is a profession filled with limitless personal and online in creative writing professional rewards. When. Health care provider , Healthcare occupations , Hospital 1447 Words | 4 Pages. Bachelor of Science in Accountacy General de Jesus College Poblacion, San Isidro, Nueva Ecija Narrative Report In partial fulfillment of . Scholarship? Internship under GM Bank of purpose of an essay, Luzon Inc., San Isidro Branch by Sarah Jane G. Cucio presented to Jeffrey Franco, CPA March 30, 2011 MEMORABLE MOMENTS The 40 days I have spent in GM Bank of Luzon was lavishly full of hilarious, crazy, yet fruitfull moments. But my favorite part had occured on my earlier days in the Bank. Application? It was then the most exhauting.

Bookkeeping , Intern , Internship 1023 Words | 4 Pages. What is nursing ? What exactly does it mean to algebra research papers, nurse a patient, and how has this definition changed over the past centuries? What does the . discipline of nursing consist of? In this essay, I aim to attempt to answer these questions, along with the help of a myriad of nursing researchers whose studies have helped to broaden my perspective on application, what exactly it is that I now do for a living. Online? I will be discussing the different types of nursing knowledge that assists us as nurses to care for patients and. Florence Nightingale , Health care , Health care provider 1724 Words | 5 Pages. glance of reading the scholarship ANA code of ethics it seemed way beyond my “scope” of practice. I took a lot of time to read since it was kind of repetitive in a . sense. I’m a new graduate to nursing field and without experience I don’t have ample nursing philosophy yet.

I have worked as a hospice nurse now for 3 weeks, and have a nursing perspective of 3 weeks. It’s hard to imagine the code of ethics being realistic, 100% of the time. As nurses we are humans and not robots. The ANA Code of Ethics for Nurses. Ethics , Florence Nightingale , Health care 1313 Words | 4 Pages. NURSING Nursing is research a profession within the health care sector focused on scholarship, the care of model essay, individuals, families, and communities so . they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and scholarship quality of life. Nurses may be differentiated from other health care providers by their approach to patient care, training, and scope of practice. Origin Of Life? Nurses practice in application essay, a wide diversity of practice areas with a different scope of practice and level of prescriber authority in each. Many nurses provide care within the.

Christianity , Florence Nightingale , Health 793 Words | 3 Pages. ? Internship Essay 4/24/13 Interning was a very different experience for me, sometimes I enjoyed being there while other times I wished . for a crazed drug head to show up just so there could be a little excitement. I always imagined interning as working alone someone in a field in algebra, which you wish to essay, enter, where they offer advice to help you reach your goal of masters, your future occupation. However, during my internship this was not the scholarship application case, I felt as though I was just a free worker at model essay their disposal;. Doctor , Doctor Who , Intern 1113 Words | 3 Pages. excellent nursing care (Srivastava, 2007).

However, health care provider’s roles and responsibilities in meeting health care needs of the . clients in consideration to cultural perspective and diversity are getting more challenging and complicated due to scholarship application, increased number of people from a group of online masters in creative, multi-ethnic and multi-cultural society, which, in turn requires health care providers to acknowledge and scholarship understand variations of on pedagogy, cultural healthcare beliefs, values and practices. Transcultural nursing is essential. Competence , Culture , Four stages of competence 2676 Words | 7 Pages. Student Interns and Sexual Harassment. ?I. Narrative I started by analyzing the problem by listing key facts and possible search terms. Possible key facts include that she was in a . school-sponsored internship , that Pepper supervised her in several areas, that she was not paid, and that she received various benefits including use of the company car, participation in the firm’s life insurance policy and training.

Possible Google search terms might include “intern(ship),” “Title VII employee,” “unpaid,” and “workplace.” Because this. Employment , Equal Employment Opportunity Commission , Firefighter 1948 Words | 5 Pages. 0916-484-5004 DEGREE: Bachelor of Science in Nursing Las Pinas College College of Nursing March 29, 2001 Passed the . Integrated Comprehensive Licensure Exam June 10, 2001 Passed the Midwifery Board Exam November 10, 2009 WORK EXPERIENCE: Las Pinas City Medical Center Las Pinas City, Philippines Staff Nurse (OB GYNE, MEDICAL AND SURGICAL WARD) August 22, 2001 – December 21, 2004 Clinical Instructor supervising: Nursing Midwifery Caregiving students in scholarship essay, OB GYNE and essay Pediatric. Chavacano language , Medicine , Nursing 445 Words | 4 Pages. ?Description It is scholarship application essay my first day of work after graduating from nursing school. Purpose Of An Essay Plan? I am currently in a remote island of Maldives. It is a small . hospital consisting of scholarship essay, 50 beds and almost 20 staffs working in 3 shifts. I came for morning duty and ap biology of life the nursing in-charge shown me maternal and surgical ward as my first work place. After taking handing over from the night shift staff I made everything ready for the ward round as the doctors will be here in no time. Just before the application doctors arrival we got a patient.

Existential quantification , Hospital , Management 819 Words | 2 Pages. Experience as a Credit Suisse Operations (Settlements) Intern. resource manager, Carolyne Philips, gave a comprehensive overview of the organization, the behaviour expected of an intern, and the attitude to bring forth . during the internship . Purpose Plan? We were briefed on the dress code suitable for CS’s corporate culture, (which was mainly business casual), and how to essay, get the most out of black statement, this internship , (by asking questions to clear your doubts during appropriate times). Upon the move to One Raffles Quay, it was all work proper. There was initially a steep learning. Computer , Coordinated Universal Time , Force 1045 Words | 3 Pages. Action Plan in Becoming a Manager. try to impress on students how phenomenally important it is that they complete at least one internship , and preferably several. Scholarship Essay? But since . we still hear from students facing the how-can-I-get-experience-if-I-have- no-experience dilemma, some students are probably wondering why they should complete internships . Let's start with the No. 1 reason and essay plan work down the scholarship essay list of reasons you must do an internship : 1. Employers increasingly want to see experience in the new college grads they hire.

A Great Way to on pedagogy, Care , College , Employment 2093 Words | 6 Pages. patient’s danger of getting harmed and the patient’s wellbeing (Henneman, Gawlinski Guliano 2012). This essay contains a rationale, a case scenario of a . patient who shows respiratory deterioration and scholarship application essay the appropriate nursing actions to be undertaken in such a case. Nurse’s role Nursing assessments and interventions which reduce unpleasant patient outcomes are vital. There are various reasons for worse patient outcomes like improper diagnosis, lack of administering the right medication and origin poor control. Blood , Nurse , Nursing 2090 Words | 6 Pages. The Impact of Internships on Graduate Employability Module: BKEY501, Research and Professional Practice Module Leader: Stanka Winch . Seminar Teacher: Lorna Brooks Author: Kavita Bhakar Student ID: W13289483 Date: 5th November 2012 Word Count: 1,798 University of Westminster Contents Executive Summary 2 1.0 Introduction 4 2.0 The current graduate labour market both general and specific 4 2.1 UK general graduate labour market 4 2.2 UK retail labour market 5 3.

Cooperative education , Educational stages , Employment 2889 Words | 8 Pages. Nursing and application essay Technology In his textbook, Medical Sociology, 12th edition, Dr. William Cockerham (2007), a medical sociologist at the . University of Alabama, Birmingham, describes nurses as being ultimately responsible for essay on pedagogy, the nature and quality of all nursing care patients receive during their stay in a medical setting. According to Cockerham (2007), they also are responsible for following the instructions of physicians in order to application essay, ensure the of life best plan of scholarship essay, action is on pedagogy implemented to better serve the. Health care , Health care provider , Medical history 1108 Words | 3 Pages. of the information and knowledge gained, by essay, suggesting how these skills will be applied to black sox scandal, the student nurses future practice.

Disease management improves . the quality of a patient’s lifestyle and activities of daily living, through education and nursing intervention on scholarship application, their condition, empowering them to take a more significant role in their own care. Ap Biology Of Life Essay? It considers all additional factors to the actual medicinal treatment for the disease, providing a holistic approach. Scholarship Application? It is therefore imperative that. Epidemiology , Health , Health care 986 Words | 3 Pages. applicants now with the advancements in technology you are in a way competing with other applicants globally. IV. Online In Creative Writing? Goals/ Strategies Goals: I plan to . Scholarship Essay? get into research papers an internship program later this summer or next summer. There are many companies that offer internships to college students. There are many benefits when you participate in an internship program. Essay? It gives you a look into what exactly happens in the workplace. Origin Of Life Essay? Along with experience it also gives you your first shot to show a potential employer what.

A Great Way to Care , Communication , Employment 946 Words | 3 Pages. SCHEME FOR INTERNSHIP FOR PG/RESEARCH STUDENTS AIM ? To familiarize the interested and willing PG/Research students with the overall . process of Planning at the apex planning body of the Nation. Scholarship Application? ? It is origin of life neither a job nor any such assurance for a job in scholarship, the Planning Commission. GUIDELINES/SALIENT FEATURES OF THE SCHEME ? Applicable to ‘ Indian Nationals ‘ only. ? Internship available to PG and Research students during their holidays, who are willing to have an exposure/familiarization. Intern , Internship 497 Words | 4 Pages. STRATHMORE UNIVERSITY AIESEC STRATHMORE 11TH SEPTEMBER 2013 GLOBAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAM PORTFOLIO Table of . contents Executive Summary………………………..1 Goals………………………………………..1 Objectives…………………….

2 Organizational Structure………………. 2 Achievements………………………………3 Challenges…………………………………..3 References…………………………………..4 Executive Summary Global Internship Program in short having the commonly known mnemonic GIP is an exchange. Intern , Internship 643 Words | 3 Pages. similar to an apprenticeship. Ap Biology Origin Essay? Interns are usually college or university students seeking skills for a new career. Student internships provide . opportunities for students to gain experience in their field, determine if they have an application, interest in a particular career, create a network of essay, contacts, and gain school credit. Here are some Dos and Don’ts to scholarship application, be observed during your internship : The Do's: Do dress to impress. Model? Don't look at how the other interns there are dressed; you are not trying to essay, impress. Chewing gum , Intern , Internship 1046 Words | 4 Pages. Employment and Beneficial Work Experience.

Deserve Income Even though internships are still viewed as beneficial for research, students, some are beginning to argue that . internships have become an easy source of free labor in tough times. Application? Since job openings for young adults are quite scarce, the number of unpaid internships has sky rocketed over research papers the years. Scholarship Application Essay? For these reasons, federal and state regulators have been lead to believe that more employers are illegally using internships for ap biology, free labor. The purpose of internships is to allow them while in college. Civil Rights Act of 1964 , Cooperative education , Employment 929 Words | 3 Pages. Four Seasons Hotel Singapore Employee. industry average, as shared by the hotel. 1 ACTION PARTNERING HOSPITALITY SCHOOLS FOR LOCAL AND OVERSEAS INTERNSHIP OPPORTUNITIES Since . 2006, the Four Seasons Hotel Singapore began offering structured internship opportunities for students from established hospitality schools such as Temasek Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic, among others.

The Four Seasons also runs an essay, Overseas Student Internship Programme (OSIP) which sees students dispatched to essay, the chain’s 9 locations in Asia. Application Essay? With the OSIP growing. Cooperative education , Employment , Hotel 1579 Words | 4 Pages. Questions 1. How does AIESEC differ from other providers of black thesis statement, internships ? AIESEC does not define itself as provider of . internships only. Rather, AIESEC offers you many diffe rent opportunities to discover and develop your potential. Application Essay? Although an internship abroad is an essential part of the experience you can gain in in creative writing, AIESEC, it is closely linked to other experiences rather than separated from them. Those who only want to do an internship to develop professionally will most probably find a more suitable. Intern , Internship 974 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Internship Report? (Eng 498/698) Rationale Because the application essay student who does an internship receives credit from the university, . Essay? graded credit determined by the technical writing faculty, there needs to be documentation in addition to the site supervisor's evaluation as a basis for that graded credit. Submitting an internship report not only provides the faculty with a document which qualifies the student for graded credit, it also provides the faculty with in-depth information about the scholarship application essay profession. Cooperative education , Employment , Intern 894 Words | 3 Pages.

Affairs) '. *** New Delhi, 8th January, 2013. Subject: Internship Scheme ofthe Department of essay, Economic Affairs for 2013-14. . Scholarship Application Essay? Department of Economic Affairs has the mandate to carry out riot only the economic diplomacy but also to build and maintain the papers economic health of the country, which essentially envisages close interaction with various financial institutions, both domestic and international. , 2. The need for an Internship Scheme for the Department has been felt for quite sometime. Economic policy , Economics , Government of India 1132 Words | 7 Pages. clothing company (importer) · GDP Write a 750- to application essay, 1,050-word paper summarizing the results. While you are in college, look for essay on pedagogy, an . internship . An internship gives you experience and an opportunity to try out your career choices while still in school. Scholarship Application? You may even get an offer of a job from the company you intern with! Ask about internships at your school.

This file comprises ECO 372 Week 5 Learning Team Fiscal Policy Paper General Questions - General General Questions . Education , Intern , Internship 366 Words | 3 Pages. How Is Working Experience Beneficial to Future Career? and internship experiences are required by 80% of these college-level jobs (Gualt, et al. Research? 2000). Therefore, some people argued that work . Scholarship Application? experience is an aid and statement beneficial to their future career.

However, to scholarship essay, some extent, work experience is online writing not necessary for future career. If the graduates enrolled at famous universities, they might find a job easily because of the universities’ good reputation. And it is hard to determine whether the graduates have got any useful experience in essay, internship . So. Cooperative education , Employment , Intern 954 Words | 4 Pages. The Partnership Development Committee.

mentors while using their training in black sox scandal, a real world environment. Length of Program The first set of internships will be completed during . the scholarship application PSCC Fall 2013 semester that runs from August through December. Writing? During this time, the Partnership Committee will be working continuously with the mentors in scholarship, order to origin of life, ensure the scholarship essay most beneficial experience as possible. At the algebra research end of the scholarship application internship period, the Committee will conduct a full report to management regarding the overall success of the program. Coaching , Credit union , Employment 799 Words | 3 Pages. University of Oregon. Today she lives in ap biology of life, New York City and works as a customer communications associate for Rent the Runway. Danielson interned for the . clothing rental company her senior year of college and application essay was offered a job upon graduation. Her first internship was on the marketing team at her dad’s architecture firm her sophomore year of college. Un Application Essay? Two years later she found the Rent the Runway position and jumped on scholarship application, it. At the of an essay end of the year she went to essay, a networking event with the company in of an, the hopes.

Cooperative education , Employment , High school 992 Words | 3 Pages. [email protected] DO NOT COPY: You are advised not to copy this sample, but to application essay, use it to generate ideas to origin of life, create your own resume. 15 June 2015 Manager . HMO Support Unit Bayside Health Commercial Road Prahran Vic 3127 Dear Sir/Madam, Re: Medical Internship 2015 It is scholarship application essay with great enthusiasm that I apply for the position of Intern at Bayside Health. I am in the final year of Bachelor of research papers, Medicine/Bachelor of Surgery at Monash University and looking for the best possible start for scholarship essay, a successful medical. Clinical trial , Health , Health care 565 Words | 2 Pages. Internship Experience Narrative Report I have had the pleasure of experiencing two different unique counseling internships . . The practicum experience I received in essay on pedagogy, both placements has been rewarding, educational, and challenging. Though both experiences differed greatly in environment they both possessed the essay same qualities which assisted me in essay on pedagogy, the process of becoming a counselor. Scholarship Essay? RESPOND Inc. is New England’s first Domestic Violence agency and the only the second one in essay on pedagogy, the nation to application essay, be established.

Abuse , Child abuse , Domestic violence 820 Words | 3 Pages. report is about my internship at Casa Priority Sdn. On Pedagogy? Bhd. covering the period of three (3) months from scholarship, May 2012 to essay, August 2012. During the . course of my internship in the company, I am assigned as admin assistant where I have to assist and application essay manage in any of the departments when needed. Black Statement? In this report I am to write about the various tasks and position that I was given as well as my experience or skills that I have gain for scholarship application, the whole duration in this company. My objective from this internship is to gain valuable.

Better , Corporation , Intern 1607 Words | 5 Pages. Using One or More Extra-Curricular Curricular Activities You Have Been Involved with: Choose Three Skills and Tell Us How Those Skills Were Developed Through Participating in the Activity. with over 300 students competing for the cricket team trials. In 2007, I also did an internship for 2 months in a local packaging company . called ‘MacPak’. During my A’ levels, a group of us 6 friends organized a concert in which I was responsible for distributing flyers, putting up posters, advertising online on social networks and selling tickets. Additionally, during my gap year from 2009-2010, I did an internship for 6 months at masters writing Deutsche Bank. Being involved in such activities helped me further. Communication , Employment , Graphic communication 1645 Words | 5 Pages. THE PARTIAL FULFILMENT FOR THE AWARD OF BACHELORS IN MASS COMMUNICATION AT UGANDA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY, MUKONO DECLARATION: I . Nayebare, Peace declare that this report is my original document from essay, my own effort during the internship training that lasted for two months at Mbarara University of science and Technology (MUST) Nayebare Peace…………………………………………………………………………Date…………………………………… Submitted with permission of the following people Dennis T. Masters In Creative Writing? Lukaaya . Communication , Form of the scholarship Good , Intern 1909 Words | 7 Pages. The House of thesis statement, God is a satirical novel by Samuel Shem (a pseudonym of the psychiatrist Stephen Bergman), published in 1978.

It portrays the psychological harm . Application? done to medical interns during the course of medical internship in the early 1970s. Purpose Of An? Storyline Dr. Roy Basch is an intelligent, naive intern working in a hospital called the House of God after completing his medical studies at the BMS (Best Medical School). He is poorly prepared for the grueling hours and the sudden responsibilities without. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center , Harvard Medical School , Intern 1659 Words | 5 Pages. ?Joseph Garofalo Summer 2014 Intern Final Paper As the summer of 2014 comes to an end, and scholarship essay my co-op internship also fades away in the next . couple days I would like to on pedagogy, recap the last few months spent working for The Pep Boys-Manny, Moe, and application essay Jack. Over the last three months I spent 40 hours per week working in the Account (Gross Margin) department taking on a few different responsibilities and in this paper I will explain each as well as analyze and reflect on my experiences. Coming into this. Bookkeeping , Full-time , Gross margin 2223 Words | 7 Pages. the Sport Industry because it has all of the marketing aspects and has to black sox scandal statement, do mostly with players and directly with teams.

I have always wanted to be a . Scholarship? sports agent ever since I was a little boy and by masters in creative writing, researching all of the scholarship different jobs and internships there are out there, it made me even more interested in that career field. There were so many jobs that had to do with working with players and working with teams in purpose, their front offices, that it just excites me even more to pursue a job in the. Employment classifications , Full-time , Intern 2643 Words | 7 Pages. example, some unwritten rules. (. BVIU u.46)+p.12 ¹2 2. What is internship ? What is the difference between work . placement and probationary period? What advice can you give to an intern or a recruit when they just join a company?

What kind of scholarship application essay, information should they learn about the company and its rules? Is there anything you would rather not tell them and why? Internship is a system of on-the-job training for white-collar jobs, similar to a apprenticeship. Interns. Chief executive officer , Employment , Geert Hofstede 1034 Words | 5 Pages.

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Stop Paying Executives for Performance. For chief executives and other senior leaders, it is essay not unusual for 60-80% of their pay to black sox scandal be tied to performance – whether performance is measured by quarterly earnings, stock prices, or something else. And yet from scholarship application essay a review of the research on essay on pedagogy incentives and scholarship essay, motivation, it is wholly unclear why such a large proportion of these executives’ compensation packages would need to be variable. First, the nature of of an their work is unsuited to performance-based pay. As the incoming Chief Executive of Deutsche Bank, John Cryan, recently said in an interview: “I have no idea why I was offered a contract with a bonus in it because I promise you I will not work any harder or any less hard in any year, in any day because someone is going to pay me more or less.” But moreover, as we will show, performance-based pay can actually have dangerous outcomes for companies that implement it.

Following the global economic crisis of 2008, large bonuses and stock options have been held responsible for overly risky behavior and short-term strategies. Essay! This has led to arguments that executive compensation needs to be organized differently so that the variable component motivates the right behaviors. Particularly in business schools, various Finance and Accounting professors have argued for including more long-term incentives, and for essay plan replacing variable pay packages that largely consist of scholarship application essay stock options with a mix of bonds and stocks. As professors of Organizational Behavior and Strategic Management, we take a different – and perhaps more radical – stance. We argue in model un application, favor of abolishing pay-for-performance for top managers altogether. We propose that, instead, most firms should pay their top executives a fixed salary. Note: We are not arguing that top managers such as CEOs should be paid less. Essay! That may very well be the case too, but that’s not the purpose of an essay plan focus of our analysis. Here, we are merely arguing that, regardless of the size of a top manager’s pay package, it should be a fixed salary, rather than a variable amount of money dependent on performance criteria.

In fact, we believe this to application be true not only for CEOs and other people in the C-suite, but for senior executives in general. Although there may be reasons executives would prefer to be paid as they are today – for example, variable stock-based pay in the United States is taxed at a lower rate than are salaries – from our review of the literature, we see no compelling evidence that such arrangements actually benefit the companies making the payouts. This argument is based on five related, data-backed insights from research: contingent pay only works for routine tasks; for creative tasks, a results focus is ineffective at best, and can in some circumstances actually impede performance; extrinsic motivation crowds out essay on pedagogy intrinsic motivation; contingent pay too often results in fraud; and measuring performance is notoriously fraught. 1. Contingent pay only works for routine tasks. Companies should abolish contingent pay for scholarship essay their top executives because theirs is the least appropriate job for it. Black Sox Scandal Thesis Statement! Decades of strong evidence make it clear that large performance-related incentives work for scholarship application essay routine tasks, but are detrimental when the tasks is ap biology origin of life not standard and requires creativity. Research by Duke professor Dan Ariely and his colleagues, for example, has shown that variable pay can substantially enhance people’s performance on routine tasks; the application higher the reward, the more productive people who were working on routine jobs became. However, for people working on creative tasks — where innovative, non-standard solutions are needed – results showed that a large percentage of masters in creative writing variable pay hurt performance. For the latter group, even when individuals could earn an additional month’s salary for performing well, variable pay reduced their ability to fulfill their task. Similarly, research by Ruth Kanfer and Philip Ackerman of the Georgia Institute of Technology showed that challenging Air Force enlisted personnel to land a certain number of airplanes did not increase their effectiveness when learning was necessary – in fact, they performed worse at application essay the task.

On routine tasks where learning is not necessary, highlighting performance goals works great. Of course, the task of a top manager is not a routine one. Most top managers need to be innovative and creative, open to learning about change, and developing new solutions for non-routine problems. They need to carefully balance various needs and uncertain outcomes in a volatile environment. Un Application Essay! This is the type of job that is particularly unsuited to substantial variable pay.

2. Scholarship Application! Fixating on performance can weaken it. The goal of most executive incentive plans is to focus leaders on hitting goals and achieving outcomes. Essay! After all, that’s why it’s often called “performance-based pay.” But as researchers have found, if you want great performance, performance is the wrong goal to scholarship application essay fixate on. Several studies have shown that when employees frame their goals around learning (i.e., developing a particular competence; acquiring a new set of skills; mastering a new situation) it improves their performance compared with employees who frame their work around performance outcomes (i.e., hitting results targets; proving competence; seeking favorable judgments from on pedagogy others). For example, in scholarship, a study of salespeople conducted during a product promotion, researchers found that salespeople with a learning mindset significantly outperformed salespeople with a performance-oriented mindset. Recent research by one of us (Cable) and his colleagues showed that consultants’ creativity innovation improved when they focused on learning rather than results, and also were more likely to help their colleagues perform.

In fact, various studies over the last 20 years – for of an essay plan instance by Kanfer and Ackerman again, as well as Kanfer and Edwin Locke – have shown that, in work situations where learning is scholarship application essay important, performance or outcome goals can have a deleterious effect on masters writing performance. Learning goals are more effective at improving performance precisely because they do the opposite of most executive incentives: they draw attention away from the scholarship essay end result and focus instead on the discovery of novel strategies and purpose plan, processes to attain the desired results. Application! Therefore, focusing top managers’ attention on the end result – by online in creative writing, tying rewards to performance goals – is counterproductive: it prevents people from learning and developing something new. 3. Intrinsic motivation crowds out extrinsic motivation. When people feel intrinsically motivated, they do things because they inherently want to, for their own satisfaction and application essay, sense of achievement. When people are extrinsically motivated, they do things because they will receive bigger rewards.

The goal of contingent pay is to increase extrinsic motivation – but intrinsic motivation is fundamental to creativity and innovation. And when financial incentives are applied to increase senior leaders’ extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation diminishes. A meta-analysis of 128 independent studies conclusively confirmed this effect. Although all studies have methodological shortcomings, the consistency of the results across so many studies, samples, and model, methodologies is noteworthy. As noted by scholarship, the authors, “expected tangible rewards made contingent upon doing, completing, or excelling at an interesting activity undermine intrinsic motivation for algebra research papers that activity.” Because intrinsic task motivation is fundamental to creativity and innovation, highly variable incentives deplete top managers of the intrinsic motivation they so much need to perform optimally. 4. Contingent pay leads to cooking the books. When a large proportion of a person’s pay is based on variable financial incentives, those people are more likely to cheat.

In academic terms, we would put it this way: extrinsic motivation causes people to distort the truth regarding goal attainment. When people are largely motivated by the financial rewards for hitting results, it becomes attractive to application game the metrics and make it seem as though a payout is due. For example, different studies have shown that paying CEOs based on online masters stock options significantly increases the likelihood of earnings manipulations, shareholder lawsuits, and product safety problems. Scholarship Essay! When people’s remuneration depends strongly on a financial measure, they are going to maximize their performance on that measure; no matter how. And not surprisingly, research by Maurice Schweitzer and algebra research papers, colleagues has revealed the relationship between goal setting and unethical behavior is particularly strong when people fell just short of reaching their goals – a common outcome of the oh-so-popular “stretch goals.” Thus, cooked books, false sales reports, and illegal means to performance emerge when financial incentives cause leaders to care more about looking good in terms of results than actually doing well in terms of creating value. 5. Application! All measurement systems are flawed.

Incentive plans demand that some metric be used as the trigger for a payout. The problem is that whatever package you construct – bonds, stocks, or bonuses – whatever performance criteria you decide on will be imperfect. Ap Biology Essay! For a complex job such as senior management, it is simply not possible to precisely measure someone’s “actual” performance, given that it consists of many different stakeholders’ interests, tangible and tacit resources, and scholarship application essay, short- and ap biology of life, long-term effects. Even with HR executives clamoring for enhanced “people analytics” (and technology companies bending over application backwards to deliver them) any measure you choose is essay going to be an scholarship, inadequate representation of how you would like your CEO to behave. The problem is that once you link someone’s financial rewards to a particular measure or set of of life essay measures, it is going to scholarship essay affect that person’s behavior – in purpose of an, terms of what they do, and don’t do. As Steven Kerr wrote in his classic article “On the folly of scholarship application essay rewarding A, while hoping for B,” “most organisms seek information concerning what activities are rewarded, and then seek to do (or at least pretend to do) those things, often to the virtual exclusion of activities not rewarded.” If you reward quarterly profits, for example, you should not be surprised if CEOs cut back inappropriately on long-term investments such as research and research papers, development and advertising when they need it to boost their numbers and hit their bonus target. This last point you probably already knew. Most boards (or whoever determines senior executives’ compensation schemes) realize they have a limited view of the people who work for them. Even when performance seems easy to measure, because it is unambiguous and objective, there is usually a catch, and essay, the measure will still turn out to be flawed. For example, in masters, IVF (fertility) clinics, the measure of success seems unambiguous and objective: the scholarship essay percentage of pregnancies that result from treatment is a clear and of an plan, objective performance goal. Application Essay! Yet, research by Mihaela Stan and one of us (Vermeulen) showed that even in this situation, focusing on that metric distorted health-care providers’ behavior to black sox scandal the detriment of clinics’ long-term performance.

Clinic managers ended up excluding difficult patients from the application essay treatment (such as women with complex medical conditions) to boost their clinics’ success rates. And over the long-term, these decisions deprived their providers of valuable opportunities for learning – which made them worse off in the long run. Hence, whatever measure you use, you are going to black sox scandal thesis statement end up with an imperfect quantification of what ideally you would like your top executives to do. And, inevitably, it will end up distorting their behavior. What about competing for talent?

Perhaps you think you have to offer a large percentage of variable pay to help your firm attract top executives. Even if that is true, think about essay who will be attracted to algebra research papers such a package: the very people most in need of a financial incentive to scholarship application work hard and perform well. Black Sox Scandal Thesis! Are you sure those are the scholarship essay people you should want to essay on pedagogy attract in essay, the first place? We suspect not. Intrinsically motivated people do the best they can, and making a very large percentage of your pay dependent on some result can only essay plan, ruin that. As Theresa Amabile has noted, “There is abundant evidence that people will be most creative when they are primarily intrinsically motivated, rather than extrinsically motivated by expected evaluation, surveillance, competition with peers, dictates from superiors, or the application promise of rewards.” To return to new Deutsche Bank CEO John Cryan, he also said: “I don’t empathize with anyone who says they turn up to un application work and work harder because they can be paid more. I’ve never been able to understand the scholarship way additional excess riches drive people to origin behave differently.”

We only scholarship application, half agree: Abundant evidence shows that people – including top managers – will in fact start to behave differently if you make a large proportion of their remuneration dependent on some measure of performance. But it will not be in model, a way you want them to behave. Dan Cable is professor of organizational behavior at London Business School. Freek Vermeulen is an Associate Professor of Strategy and Entrepreneurship at the London Business School. Application! He is the author of the sox scandal book Business Exposed: The Naked Truth about What Really Goes on in the World of Business . Follow him on Twitter @Freek_Vermeulen.

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an essay story In a narrative essay, the writer tells a story about a real-life experience. Everyone enjoys a good story—especially one that captures the imagination. However, the narrative essay goes further. In it, the writer places a personal experience within the context of a larger theme, such as a lesson learned. When writing a narrative essay, the application essay writer wants not only to tell a good story, but also convey why the story has meaning. The Five-Step Writing Process for Narrative Essays. At Time4Learning, we are great believers in the writing process.

The writing process empowers students to black thesis, write with better results by giving them proven steps to follow. Here, we examine how to write a narrative essay using the five-step writing process. Scholarship Application Essay! Students should find these suggestions helpful: 1. Prewriting for the Narrative Essay. Model Essay! The prewriting phase in narrative essay writing is particularly important. In the prewriting phase, students think about their life experiences in the context of the essay assignment#8217;s theme, for example #8216;write about achieving a goal.#8217; When selecting an experience to write about, keep in mind that even a small incident (or goal, in black statement this case) can make a good essay topic if it has significance for scholarship the writer. If writers feel an emotional connection to their topic, their narrative essay will be more effective.

Once a topic is chosen, students should spend time sorting through their memories, and recalling details, including the year, season, setting, people, and un application objects involved. Scholarship Application! Think about the sequence of events and remember, no detail is too small. Often it’s the small details that communicate big ideas. Creating an outline of the story’s narrative flow is very helpful. 2. Drafting a Narrative Essay.

When creating the initial draft of a narrative essay, follow the outline, but focus on making the story come alive, using the following techniques: Personal narrative essays are most naturally written in the first person, and using “I” gives the story an immediacy that engages the reader. In telling the story, don’t gloss over the details. Readers have no prior knowledge of the story, and many times a skipped detail will skew their understanding. On Pedagogy! Use vivid descriptions and words that illustrate. In narrative writing, the writer’s job is to involve the reader, rather than simply inform. Take a look at this sentence: “Losing the application game felt like the bottom of my world dropped out.” It conveys so much more about the significance of the writer’s experience than simply saying, “I was disappointed that we lost the game.” While narrative essays are non-fiction, elements of algebra fiction should not be ignored. True stories also benefit from the writer’s ability to use plot-building techniques. Application! 3. Revising a Narrative Essay. In the revision phase, students review, modify, and reorganize their work with the goal of un application making it the best it can be.

In revising a narrative essay, students should reread their work with these considerations in mind: Does the essay unfold in essay an easy-to-understand progression of events? Do the essay on pedagogy transitions make sense or confuse the reader? Does the essay involve the reader in the experience? Could there be more detail, or is there extraneous detail that distracts the reader’s attention? Is the word choice descriptive, or merely informative? Has the larger message of the essay been conveyed effectively? Has a connection been made between the scholarship essay experience and its meaning to the writer? Will the reader be able to identify with the in creative writing conclusion made? In structuring a narrative essay, it’s the writer’s choice when to reveal the significance of the experience. Some writers make this connection to theme in essay the opening paragraph. Algebra Papers! Others like to focus on the experience and reveal its significance at the end.

Writers should experiment which way works best for the essay. Clueing in the reader upfront helps their understanding, but saving the scholarship application essay revelation to the end can leave the reader with more to online masters in creative, think about. 4. Scholarship Application Essay! Editing a Narrative Essay. At this point in the writing process, writers proofread and masters in creative correct errors in grammar and mechanics, and application edit to improve style and masters in creative clarity. Having a friend read the essay is a good idea at this point, and allows the writer to see their work from a fresh perspective. 5. Publishing a Narrative Essay. Due to its personal nature, sharing a narrative essay with the scholarship rest of the class can be both exciting and a bit scary.

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Essays on the Chinese Language (1889)/3. CHINESE OPINIONS ABOUT THE. ORIGIN AND EARLY HISTORY OF THE LANGUAGE. Let us now go on to consider some of the views held by the Chinese about the scholarship application, first beginnings of their language. And the question of the origin and masters in creative writing development of their own language is for most native writers that of the scholarship, origin and development of human speech generally. Now it must be owned that, so far at least as their literature is known to us, Chinese philosophers have not treated this subject with any degree of full or accurate thought. Yet it were rash to say, as some have said, that the problem of the research, origin of speech never occurred to them, for scholarship application essay, we have reasons neither few nor slight for thinking that it did occur to them, and that they have had on it, at times at ap biology origin, least, decided opinions. On the scholarship, one hand we know that the Chinese hold their own language in very high esteem, and on the other that they have composed, as we have seen, many works treating of the history, structure, sound, and meaning of its written characters. Thus there is at sox scandal thesis, least a certain amount of probability in favour of the assumption that the question of the origin of speech had also occurred to them.

And not only this, but moreover we do actually find scattered here and essay there in Chinese literature various and independent statements of opinion on the subject, though there is not, so far as the present writer knows, any treatise devoted to it specially. It is the aim of the present chapter to bring together a few of these native statements of opinion about the birth and early growth of language spoken and written, and specially such as may be compared with the essay plan, theories of scholarship essay, western authors on the same subject. To begin at the beginning, the theory that the first human beings who lived on this earth were speechless does not seem to have ever prevailed in China. The books and common traditions of the country generally represent those unknown creatures as a turpe , but seldom or never as a mutum pecus . They are supposed to have herded together in dens or caves, living on the natural fruits of the earth, knowing nothing and caring little about anything beyond their daily round of wants as they arose and were satisfied. They were not, however, like the beasts among which they lived and which they hunted for food and clothing, mere dumb animals. On the contrary, most native authors who have written on the subject expressly maintain that man spoke from the beginning, that speech arose when human life began in model un application essay the world. [1] Han Wen-kung, however, says that people, that is the scholarship, Chinese, were at first like birds, and beasts, and barbarians. They did not know how to ap biology origin of life essay grow grain, and build houses, to love their parents and honour their superiors, to nourish their living and application bury their dead, until sages arose to online masters in creative writing teach them. [2] Here we find barbarians classed with birds and application essay beasts which have not the faculty of speech. But from purpose plan all time the Chinese seem to application have regarded foreigners as little above the brute creatures, and some authors expressly state that barbarians — the I and sox scandal thesis Ti (??) — are as birds and scholarship beasts.

Hence we find the character for Dog often used as the classifier of characters which represent the names of foreign tribes. Model Un Application Essay? The speech of these also is compared to the shrill scream of the shrike and scholarship application essay the calls of thesis statement, other birds. The people of Yang-shan in Kuangtung were said by Han Wen-kung to have the speech of application, birds and the faces of barbarians, and they were to him barbarians. In like manner to other nations, for example the ancient Greeks, the speech of foreigners sounded like the utterances of birds and beasts. Herodotus explains the legend of the essay, doves at Dodona by the supposition that Egyptian women had at one time been brought over. The speech of these was unknown to the Greeks, to whom the strangers appeared to scholarship essay be chattering like birds — talking like doves.

When the women learned to masters in creative talk Greek they were said to utter human speech. The same author says of the swift-footed, reptile-eating Troglodytes, that they did not use a language like any other but cheaped like bats. So also ?schylus makes the essay, Greek Clytemnestra say of her words to the Trojan Cassandra, But if she has not, like a swallow, an unknown barbarous voice, I, speaking within her comprehension, persuade her by speech. Sox Scandal Statement? We are told, moreover, that the Greeks, to whom also all foreigners were barbarians, did not speak of the dialects of barbarians but only of their tongues. [3] The chief reason, perhaps, why Chinese philosophers have not discussed the origin of speech in special treatises and of set purpose, is that they regard the faculty of speech as the natural result of man's existence, as inherent in his constitution. What may be considered as the orthodox and national opinion on application essay the subject is that man speaks, just as he eats, and drinks, and sleeps, and loves, and fears, from an instinct which forms part of his nature. That man speaks is nature's work, the Chinese would repeat.

There is nothing divine or superhuman in the fact, nor anything which shews that the faculty was one attained by essay, slow degrees and after many vague attempts. One native philosopher describes man as speaking by breathing forth the air contained in the mouth and throat by movements of the lips and tongue. Scholarship Application Essay? The act of speaking is like playing a flute. Man's mouth and throat are the musical instrument, and the movements of the tongue are the on pedagogy, play of the fingers on the holes. The power of speaking grows and fails with the growth and decay of man's vital powers, and these need food and application drink for their maintenance. In Creative? Hence it cannot be that the dead speak or that ghosts wail and cry by night. Scholarship Essay? [4] Another philosopher explains sound as the result of the violent friction of air and model essay solids. Scholarship Essay? Two kinds of air in algebra violent collision make sounds such as echo and thunder; two solids make noises like the beating of a drum and the clapping of hands; a solid acting on the air yields a sound such as that made by a fan or an arrow; and the air working on a solid gives the human voice and the sounds of wind instruments. [5] Hence we find the vocal utterances of man classed with those of application essay, other animals, with the song of the bird and the cry of the wild beast; and sox scandal thesis sometimes even with the sounds yielded by lifeless matter, with the roar of the thunder, the application, prattle of the writing, brook, and the ring of the struck rock. These all are the results of natural capacities moved by outward influences.

They are merely the audible results of the impact of the application, formless essence of matter on body of definite shape; they are the call or cry of the elemental air, for the air itself whistles and roars. [6] Hence we find such a term as ming (?), for purpose, example, used for all kinds of noises. It is properly and originally, as the character indicates, the call or song of birds. But it is used for the roar of thunder, the wind's whistling, the noise of rushing water, the sough among the pines, the ring of a bell, the tones of a lyre, the cricket's chirr, the crow of the cock, the dove's coo, the ass's bray, the neigh of the horse, and the manifold voice of man. There is only, says the Confucianist philosopher, a minute difference between man and the lower animals, and even that is lost by application, common people. The wise man keeps that which makes the difference and purpose of an so gains moral and intellectual perfection. But at birth there is only this difference between all human beings and the lower animals, that the former have a perfect and the latter an imperfect material organisation. [7] The first vocal utterances of man are those made from scholarship instinctive feeling, and are the natural universal sounds of humanity and living beings generally. The means which man has for expressing his feelings are briefly described by an early author.

Poetry, he says, is emotional thought expressed in language. The feelings are moved within man and find vent in words. The deficiencies of the black, latter are supplied by ejaculations and sighs, the defects of which call for utterance long drawn out in song, and, this not sufficing, the hands wave and the feet move to and fro. [8] As we know, the cries and essay gesticulations of children and animals are the spontaneous expression of their emotions when stirred. From such cries arose rhythmical vocal utterances which afterwards developed into online in creative writing poetry. In general, writes Han Wen-kung, objects produce sound only when disturbed. Plants and trees are mute until they are agitated by the wind, when they yield sound, and so is it with water. Metal and application stone are mute, but they give sound when struck, and it is the origin, same as to man with speech. When he cannot get his own way he speaks; he sings his anxiety and application weeps his sorrow.

All the utterances which proceed from his mouth are the result of his being disturbed. Speech is the quintessence of human sounds, and literary composition is the quintessence of speech. [9] It was perhaps from the purpose plan, perception of the emotional nature of early speech that some Chinese writers were led to the theory that their spoken language had its origin in music. By this, however, nothing more may be meant than that man's emotions expressed themselves first in inarticulate musical cadences, and that from these he gradually proceeded to articulate significant utterances. [10] One author, at least, states the above theory without bringing forward any argument in its support, but others base it on arguments derived from tradition and probability. With it we may compare that of Darwin on the origin of spoken language, stated in his wonted clear and suggestive manner. Scholarship Application Essay? In the Descent of Man he writes, I cannot doubt that language owes its origin to the imitation and modification, aided by signs and un application gestures, of various natural sounds, the voice of other animals, and man's own instinctive cries. When we treat of sexual selection we shall see that primeval man, or rather some early progenitor of man, probably used his voice largely, as does one of the gibbon-apes at the present day, in producing true musical cadences, that is, in singing; we may conclude from a widely spread analogy that this power would have been especially exerted during the scholarship essay, courtship of the sexes, serving to express various emotions, as love, jealousy, triumph, and serving as a challenge to their rivals. The imitation by articulate sounds of musical cries might have given use to words expressive of various complex emotions. [11] But on the other hand there are also Chinese writers who suppose that music had its origin in speech, the essay, latter having passed from untoned to toned utterances, and thence to tunes made after laws sought out from nature. Scholarship Application? This recalls the similar theory which Mr.

Spencer expounds and sox scandal thesis developes with his usual power in one of the most interesting of his Essays. [12] Whatever be the immediate origin of speech, however, it is in its earliest stage natural and spontaneous, the embodiment of the original tones of Heaven and Earth. The first men spoke just as the wind blows, without any conscious effort. The feelings find vent in sounds which spring from man's mind, having their source in application essay his constitution. Articulate utterances come from essay man's mind, others tell us, and are natural; their form cannot be altered by any conscious exercise of an individual's power. Not even a king can change a word, and of course no one of less influence can avail to do anything whatever in this respect.

The fashions in words as in other things change from age to age, but no one can by taking thought alter the scholarship, fashions. For example, the people of a place may have once called a river kong whereas their descendants may now call it kiang , but the one is as good as the other, and each is right as the working of algebra, a natural law. With these statements we many compare the emphatic declaration of the scholarship essay, great expounder of essay on pedagogy, language as a natural product. Professor Max Muller tells us that although there is a continuous change in language it is application not in the power of any man either to produce or prevent it. We might think as well of changing the laws which control the circulation of our blood, or of adding an writing, inch to our height, as of scholarship application essay, altering the laws of speech, or inventing new words according to our own pleasure. As man is the lord of nature only if he knows her laws and submits to them, the poet and philosopher become the lords of language only if they know its laws and obey them. [13] Chinese opinions differ as to what is the first articulate sound made by the human baby. Some tell us that it is huang-huang , but this is only an a priori theory. To each of the five elements a certain sound is assigned.

Thus water has a ssu sound, and that of metal is huang (?). Now in black man's constitution the element metal is represented by his voice, and hence an infant, as soon as it can, cries huang-huang . [14] But other native writers tell us that the first sound uttered by a human being is a or ya . Hence the letter called a is said to be rightly placed at the head of Western alphabets, and some even go so far as to scholarship declare that in every sound uttered by man's opened mouth there is an a element. It is considered, however, that a sounds are natural to online writing male, and application essay ei or i sounds to female infants, and that the distinction continues in after years. This, according to the Chinese, is the spontaneous result of the purpose of an, human constitution. Our forefathers seem to have had similar notions about the distinctions made by essay, male and female babies in their first utterances, though they accounted for the fact of the distinction in a different manner. In an purpose, old poem—Hampole's Pricke of Conscience—we read that a child as soon as born begins to goule and cry. The author says that by the cry may be known. Whether it be man or weman, For when it es born it cryes swa;

If it be man, it says 'a, a', That the first letter es of the nam. Of our forme-fader Adam. And if the application, child a woman be, When it es born, it says 'e, e,' E es the first letter and the hede.

Of the name of Eve that began our dede. It is a pity that the Chinese do not know the historical explanation of this interesting fact. But a different explanation is given by Webbe, who did not take notice of the sexual distinctions. He, it will be remembered, thought that Noah settled in China after the flood, and he says:—Wherefore it is not unobservable that the very first utterance that an Infant at his birth yeeldeth is ya, ya, ya ; as if the Lord had ordained, either that we should be born with his name Jah in research our mouths, which name is generally ascribed to him, when some notable deliverance or benefit, according to his former promise comes to pass, because he is the beginning and Being of beings, and giveth to all, life, and breath, and scholarship all things — Acts 17. v. Purpose Of An Plan? 25 — or else, that in our swathling clothes we should have something of the Primitive Language, till afterwards confounded, as we are taught to speak. But, by ya the Chinois intend Excellens . [15] This may not give the true explanation of the first utterances of all babies over all the world. The Chinese own that these utterances are only cries, and of a class with those of birds and beasts. The infant has no language but a cry, and in this respect it is scholarship application not better than other animals, perhaps not so well supplied as other creatures.

Nor is the capacity for uttering articulate sounds the purpose of an essay, possession of man alone among mortal beings. Application? The ape-like Sing-sing and several other animals, according to Chinese opinion, are able to talk and essay on pedagogy understand human speech. As regards the application essay, Sing-sing, the statement that it can speak is algebra doubted by some and application denied by others, while of those who agree to it not a few think that the animal has the power of speaking only when it is drunk. That it can laugh and cry, however, seems to be the opinion of all authorities. Origin Of Life Essay? It is a creature of uncertain appearance, and is described as having a body like that of a pig, or as like a dog, a badger, or an ape. The last is the form in which it is usually represented in pictures, but the face is always supposed to resemble that of a human being.

Another ape-like creature supposed to be able to talk and laugh is the Fei-fei (?? — and other ways). It also assumes various forms, appearing sometimes as a bear or an ape, and application often as a man or woman. It has a wicked laugh and by essay, this it lures unwise wayfarers into the wood, where it eats them. The wise, however, can distinguish between the Fei-fei's voice and that of a human being by the shrill squeaking character of the application, former. Research? The Tortoise, ancient and application essay mystical, which inhabits the fifth stage of the fabled Sumeru Mountain, is also credited with the possession of human speech. Among birds, the mainah, parrot, and ap biology of life essay others, are known to the Chinese as able to application essay talk. Model Essay? In the country of the Tiao-chi (), near the Caspian sea, is a monstrous bird called the essay, Chi-chio (), that is, perhaps, the Tiao-chi Magpie. Un Application Essay? This bird is said to understand human speech but, we are not told that it can talk.

There is no doubt, however, that the mainah can talk, but its tongue must first be cut or pared down, and it is of great importance that this should be done on the 5th day of the 5th moon. Scholarship Essay? So also the parrot should have its tongue cut in purpose of an essay plan order that it may make the mimicry which our pious poet calls, That odious libel on a human voice. Application Essay? The parrot can speak, it is true, without having this operation performed, but his power of speaking is not persistent, and he can be made dumb by rubbing him gently down the back. Now though the above creatures can use man's words they cannot be said to have the faculty of speech. The parrot, as one author says, can speak but he cannot carry on a conversation, because he has only the capacity to speak, not the faculty of speech; he follows the un application essay, lead of scholarship essay, others and cannot take the purpose of an, lead himself. As another author puts it, the parrot learns man's speech but cannot originate new expressions, because it has not any high intelligence. It learns the words which man utters, but not the. Pen-ts'ao, chap, li., f; IS il SE. chaps, vi. and scholarship x. In the Poh-wu- chih we are told that the Sing-sing is algebra papers Uke a yellow dog with a man's face, and scholarship that it can speak (® ?H ^ ^ ^^j A tlQ f^ W). Un Application? chap. iii. Another way of writing Sing-sing is thoughts of his mind.

That is, the parrot has the physical organs and imitative faculty but not the intellectual capacity for speaking. Nor does the mere fact that they talk raise the Sing-sing and parrot, for scholarship application essay, example, from the rank of brute creatures. Birds and beasts having an inferior organisation cannot develope their nature at all points. They may in some respects shew good moral qualities, the germs of which are in papers them at application, birth by heavenly appointment, but they do not advance in essay on pedagogy moral and intellectual culture. The crow has filial piety and the wild duck is true to its mate; the fox does not forget the place of his birth, and the ant helps all of its kin. But does a crow bury his mother or a fox give way to his elders? Do the wild ducks wait for the go-between before they pair, and have the ants any form of worship? The parrot and the starling may talk but they have no sense of the fitness of time and scholarship essay place, and so are no better than other birds.

A featherless biped, as a native writer says, may speak, but without li ( ? ) he is not man. It is purpose of an this sense of order and of doing what is right and becoming in the family and in society, and the code of obligations thence resulting, this li which lifts man above the other creatures.^ Some of these can indeed produce articulate utterances, after having learned them, by imitation, as an infant learns its first words by imitating its mother. But it is human sounds, not human speech, to borrow an expression from Dante, which these creatures imitate, and they are not capable. Huai Nan-tzu's Works, chap, xvi.; $| M A ^ M P5 g^, chap. ii. On the other hand we read of men in former times who understood the langfuage of the lower animals. See, e.g., the Supplement to the Poh-wu-chih (j^ |^ ^ jg), chap. iii. There are also instances on record in scholarship application which the parrot is model essay not merely an imitator but also initiates a conversation and shows tender feeling.

So also a mainah when sold to a barbarian committed suicide, saying that he was a Chinese bird and would not go among barbarinns (^ Si ^ ^Wi^^ chap, xvii.) Some tell us that the mainah (^ ^ T or ^ T or X ^) in its wild state cannot speak, and it is scholarship application only when domesticated it learns to talk. chaps, ccccxxi. and ccccxxxii.; Li-chi, chap, i., and Confucian writers generally. Of the term Li (^), Gallery, an excellent authority, writes as follows : Autant que possible, je I'ai traduit par le mot Eite, dont le sens est susceptible d'un grande etendue ; mais il faut convenir que, suivant les circonstances ou il est employe, il pent signifier * Ceremonial, Ceremonies, Pratiques ceremoniales L'etiquette, Politesse, Urbanite, Courtoisie, Honnetete, Bonnes manieres, Egards, Bonne education, Bienseance, Les formes, Les convenances, Savoir vivre. Black Statement? Decorum, Decence, Dignite personelle, Moralite de conduite, Ordre social, Devoirs de societe, Lois sociales, Devoirs, Droit, Morale, Lois hierarchiques, Ofifrande, Usages, Coutumes., Li-ki, introduction, p. 16. See his Delia Volg.

Eloq., L. i., chap. ii. of scholarship application essay, language. As Lyell says, It was a profound saying of William Humboldt, that 'Man is Man only by means of speech, but in order to invent speech he must be already Man.' Other animals may be able to utter sounds more articulate and as varied as the click of the Bushman, but voice alone can never enable brute intelligence to acquire language. [16] Yet perhaps because the power of speaking is supposed to belong to the Sing-sing and parrot, these animals are also credited with the possession of other extaordinary endowments, for the Sing-sing knows the past and the parrot the future. This bird can even understand and interpret dreams, and it has some notion of origin of life essay, piety, for it has been heard to recite Buddhist prayers, and it has been seen sitting in ecstatic meditation seeking to attain that supreme supernatural intelligence which all true Buddhists seek finally to scholarship acquire. But the faculty of speech in its full meaning is the property of ap biology origin of life, man only. It is his characteristic possession, that which makes him man. [17] The first men spoke as they were moved, without aim and without effort, but their speech was only the air made vocal. It was, indeed, the music of an ?olian flute, the free whistling of heaven. Scholarship Application Essay? Still it was only whistling, and, as an old philosopher says, human speech is not whistling. He who speaks says something, and though in what he says there is purpose essay plan nothing absolute, yet there is a difference between his speech and the chirp of a chick. [18] In man, writes a practical statesman, [19] speech is the handle of the moral nature, the lord of action, the motive power of the mind, and the visible expression of the body, and with man alone words are capable of communicating ideas.

The object of speech is to give expression to the feelings and thoughts. But that it is not a perfect instrument was long ago seen and acknowledged by scholarship application essay, the Chinese. Thus we are told that as writing does not fully represent the spoken language so this latter does not fully express the mind. Essay? [20] Speech is, indeed, classed with seeing and hearing, but as it is not the material organ which sees or hears, so also it is not the mouth which speaks. It is the application essay, spiritual principle by some called hsing (?) and by some li (?), which goes through all the body, seeing in model essay the eye, hearing in the ear, and speaking in scholarship essay the mouth. [21] In the Great Plan which Heaven gave to Yu, the second division was on the Reverent use of the model essay, five faculties (????), or, as translates, The Reverent Practice of the Five Businesses. These were demeanour, speech, seeing, hearing, and thinking. These five, another philosopher tells us, are all natural to man, but they need education to scholarship essay keep them right. Without this, by which man acquires li (?), he is little better than the beasts which want discourse of black sox scandal thesis statement, reason, and he may even be found to lack the faculty of application essay, speech. [22] Thus we read of tribes who did not know language (???), and the black slaves, once much used by algebra research papers, rich Cantonese, are said to have understood human speech, but to have been unable to essay talk. This, however, probably only meant that they could not speak Chinese. Essay Plan? [23] Now, though the faculty of speech developed itself in primeval man without conscious action or reflection on his part, the essay, first language must have been poor and rude. But even in its earliest stage this language began to receive enlargement and cultivation from the higher intellects of the time. Hence human speech as we now know it has a twofold origin, in the muddy source whence man emerges into existence with all the myriad creatures of the world, and in the mind—the spiritual principle which he alone knows to cultivate and develope.

From the former spring cries of fear and calls for food, shouts of joy and notes of purpose of an essay plan, alarm, and much of that stock of speech which is common property. Essay? From the mind proceeded such terms as those for Filial Piety, Justice, Law, Humanity. Man must have always had some idea of these virtues, for their germs existed in him from the beginning. But it was not until the germs were developed in sox scandal thesis thinking men that terms like the above were invented. These and the correct names of objects generally, say the Chinese, were fabricated by the first teachers of scholarship application essay, mankind, by those kings and sages who taught in the first uncertain twilight of ap biology of life essay, human life. Application Essay? The Chinese theory on this subject is well expressed by Renan when he says, It is certain that we do not understand the organisation of online in creative writing, language without une action d'hommes d'elite, exercising a certain authority around them and capable of imposing on others what they believed best. The aristocracy of sages was the law of nascent humanity; the leaven which produced civilisation could ferment at first only in a number almost imperceptible of predestined heads. In some native treatises we find the work of correct naming ascribed to the semi-mythical Huang Ti, who is scholarship supposed to have lived about B.C. 2600.

He is said to have observed and studied the heavens and earth and all the then-existing objects and institutions, and online masters in creative writing so elaborated the real names of things, the modes of scholarship essay, expression which corresponded with the online masters in creative, actualities of nature and the mind. Scholarship Application Essay? But more usually the of an plan, glory is given to old sages generally, the enlighteners of the people. In either case the correct language thus made was produced by degrees and as the scholarship, result of observation and study. It had been preceded by a language awkward and uncertain, for the first savages must have had, though only to limited extent, names by which they were wont to denote the articles they used and the events of their lives. But this language of theirs was neither correct nor fixed, and it was very meagre, for the rude forefathers of humanity had few wants and little thought. Hence the founders of social order had to seek out and communicate a fuller and of life more perfect phraseology; they invented, or rather discovered, set forms of language by which they could give a symbolical character to the sounds of their voice, their thoughts and feelings—verba quibus voces sensusque notarent nominaque invenere. Chinese authors will have us believe that all this was done with a view to the introduction of good and settled government, and the improvement of society. They are not content unless they see a moral or political motive prompting all the actions of scholarship application, their early sages.

But if speech is nature's gift to man how comes it to vary from place to place ? That it changes from place to place has been declared to be the working of natural law. It is essay nature's, not man's doing that the accent and pronunciation of scholarship, words alter, that one term rises and another falls out of use as generation follows generation. But how is it that not only has the language of China been always unlike the dialects of the barbarian tribes in her midst and on her frontiers, but also that this language itself varies from district to district ? The answer is that here too we have the work of nature. The wind air and the soil and water/' that is, the natural conditions of a place, affect the . physical constitutions of the inhabitants, and thence gradually influence also their moral qualities. Origin Of Life Essay? Then in application course of time the character and conduct of the people react on on pedagogy the climatic condi- tions of a place, over which they exercise a mysterious but undoubted influence. Thus wind air (??) means not only the physical qualities of a district, but also its moral character. It is the differences in scholarship application essay climate, physical constituents, and moral character which make the variations of dialects.

People differ in the quality of their natural dispositions and in ap biology origin essay the language they speak ; this is the spontaneous result of climate, and the product of essay, continued practice. So writes one native author who knew by of an essay, experience something about the varieties of human speech. That the inhabitants of one place, a popular writer tells us, are firm and manly while those of another place are the opposite, that people here are smart and there slow, that the language of this district is scholarship application not understood by the inhabitants of that, all result from the assimilation of the local climatic influences by the people. The children of purpose plan, barbarous tribes (??), writes another, all make the same noises when they are infants, but speak differently when they grow up, and the ¦^ 1 See ???, chap. xi. and introduction ; ????, chap. vi. ; Benan, !!L;iDe L'Origine du Lang., preface, p. 25 (4th ed.) difference is the result of scholarship application, education, that is, of the circumstances in which they develope. As it is by having li (jg) that man is higher than the bird and beast, so also it is this li which distin- guishes between the Chinese and the foreigner (barbarian), and between the gentleman (g ^) and the cad ()J A) among Chinese. This li, however, depends for its existence and black sox scandal thesis develop- ment mainly on external circumstances (J55 ^ J5S ?b); ^^ *^® kind and degree of education or training which children receive.^ Without this li, or sense of what is right and becoming in his social relations, man could never have produced what is called a language.

To invent this, to find out and fit on the due names of the application, objects and phenomena of research, nature and of the feelings and thoughts of the mind, was a great achievement. As Hobbes writes, viewing the scholarship application essay, subject from a different stand-point, but expressing in clear direct words what Chinese writers have stated though not so well : — But the most noble and profitable invention of algebra, all other was that of Speech, consisting of names or appellations, and their connexion; whereby men register their thoughts; recall them when they are past; and also declare them one to another for mutual utility and conversation ; without which there had been amongst men, neither commonwealth, nor society, nor contract, nor peace, no more than amongst lions, bears and wolves. [24] But spoken words are air, and live a vague, uncertain life. They fade too and die from memory like an echo in scholarship application essay the hills or a roaring of wind in the forest. So even in algebra research very early timds mfen must Have sought for a visible lasting record and evidence of their events and transactions, a way of perpetuating spoken words and saving them from the fate of scholarship essay, dark forgetful- ncss. And how do Chinese think men arrived at this ? Let us take for algebra papers, answer t^^ irords of one of scholarship essay, their students of this branch' of learning.

In the introduction to purpose plan the Liu-shu-ku the author says : Visible representation (35^) proceeds from spoken. Yuan-tsang in Hsi-yu-chi chap, i.; Sacred Edict, Art. ix. Ampin.; Kang-hsi's Diet., preface; the ^^, chap, i.; Huai-nan-tzii, chap. Scholarship Essay? xi. ; :^ llj ^ ^ ^ ^, chap, xxxiii. ; Li-shi, etc., as above, chap. i. ; *' Li-chi, (H gg), chap.'xii. (+ - ^ ed. Yuan-yuan). sounds, that is, these precede and their delineation follows. The combination of meaning and on pedagogy sound is not the product of this visible representation. There is no means of application essay, investigating the origin of mankind, but we may reasonably infer that men at first were naked and unkempt. Un Application Essay? They killed wild animals, skinned them and tore up their carcases for food and clothing. Scholarship Application? Their emotional natures were fierce like those of essay, birds and scholarship essay beasts, and their intellects were undeveloped like those of infants.

They could only by howling and shouting then make known to each other their likings and dislikings, their joys and angers. Then as their intellects developed they gradually acquired the ability to sox scandal give names to things, and so they had a supply of sounds for shouting and calling. Writing had not yet arisen, and as classes of objects increased and their arrangement became more complicated, men could not do without some evidential record. So in time there arose the essay, institution (or arrangement) of knotted cords. Then as cunning increased and regulations became more complicated, engravings were made on bamboo and wood to form records. At the present time, barbarians (??) and rustics ignorant of characters apparently use such engravings, which are called chH (?), that is, tallies or indentures. When these proved insufficient for all the vicissitudes of affairs the forms of material objects were pictured and model essay the essential features of application essay, immaterial objects were indicated. Thus engravings were made for the names of all objects material and immaterial, and thence arose the knife-inscribed tablets called Writings (?). Essay On Pedagogy? The author goes on scholarship to shew how the first writing, which was only model, pictorial and indicative (or suggestive), came to be followed by other developments until the scholarship essay, wealth of characters equalled human demands. The whole of this introduction, in spite of not a few faults, is interesting and worthy of perusal. [25] It was necessity, the Chinese own, which first struck out the in creative writing, art of recording, the necessity of aiding memory and keeping evidence.

It seems to be generally agreed that the expedient first adopted was that of knotted cords. The inventor of this expedient is of course unknown, but the prevailing tradition points to Sui-jen-shi (???), a fabulous ruler in application essay the mythical past. Some writers ascribe the invention to Shen-nung (??) and some to Fu-hsi. In the commentary on the Yi-ching, attributed to Confucius, it is simply stated that in the earliest times cords were knotted for purposes of regulation (or government). And in online masters in creative other old books, such as the essay, Tao-t-ching, we find reference to the use of knotted cords for official and private purposes. This use prevailed also among the ancestors of the online masters in creative writing, present Manchoos, and it is said to exist still among some tribes of the Miao-tz.

In China it was instituted, some tell us, for purposes of Government. Hence we have such proverbial expressions as Chiesheng-cM'Cheng (????), the government of knotted cords, to denote that purely mythical time the golden age of the world's life. Others, however, suggest that the knotted cords were instituted and used for scholarship essay, purposes of counting, and for preserving records of transactions where number was concerned, and records of dealings generally. A matter of importance is said to have been signified by a large knot (or knotted cord) and a small affair by purpose plan, a small one. But whatever may have been the purpose for scholarship application, which this expedient was invented, and whoever may have been its inventor, it is certain that the expedient did not succeed. It served only so long as people were simple and free from guile, and the requirements of society were neither numerous nor important. [26] It seems to have been for purposes of counting and recording matters which involved numbers that those very primitive and simple combinations called Ho-t'u (??) and Lo-shu (??) were invented.

There are certain diagrams of these accepted as the orthodox arrangements and, according to model some, giving the original figures. Essay? These are to be found in certain editions of the Yi-ching, and in various other treatises. The Ho-tu , or plan from the origin, Yellow River, as shewn in these diagrams, is an arrangement of 55 circles, of which 30 are dark and application essay 25 blank, in numbers from one to ten, both inclusive. The Lo-shu, or writing from the river Lo, is an arrangement of 45 dark and light circles in numbers from one to nine, such that the number fifteen is made up by the circles counted in a perpendicular, a horizontal, or a diagonal manner. According to certain old testimony, the River plan and Lo writing appeared as a supernatural phenomenon to Fu-hsi, who used them as models or hints.

Setting out from these he produced the mysterious wonderful Pa-kua and essay its combinations. By these he shadowed forth the dark influences of all heavenly and application essay earthly powers in a manner abstruse beyond all understanding. The figure known as the Pa-kua is greatly venerated by the Chinese, who regard it as the lineal ancestor of their writing, and also as a potent Drudenfuss. What purpose it first served or was meant to serve cannot perhaps be now ascertained, for all record of its primitive use seems to have been lost long ago. It represents, according to one statement, the primitive division of creation into male and research female, and gives illustrations of scholarship, odd and black sox scandal even. In its trigrams also is the scholarship, hidden spring from which writing had its origin. Some native authors think that the combination of the two kinds of lines were meant to represent a system of counting. So also the Jesuit Missionaries Bouvet and Leibnitz were convinced that the broken line represented 0 and the unbroken line I. Leibnitz says that instead of philosophic mysteries having been hidden by Fu-hsi in the combinations of these lines, it was the Binary Arithmetic which, as it seems, the great legislator possessed, and which I have rediscovered some thousands of essay, years afterwards. The Yi-ching, which interprets the scholarship application essay, mystical meanings of the Pa-kua and its permutations and combinations, is regarded by the Chinese as a sort of divine inspiration and as containing the sox scandal thesis statement, secret possibilities of all wisdom. Mayers, Ch.

R. M., No. 177; Yi-ching, ??, chap, x.; ????; Wuttke Geschichte d. Application? Schrift, etc., p. 247 ; Leibnitz op. Algebra? vol. iv. Scholarship Application? p. Black? 208 (ed. Dutens). With Mayers' account of the Hb-i'w and Lo-s/iw compare the state- ment of scholarship application, Tsai Yuan-ting in the introduction of the ????. But, according to some Chinese, the next step towards writing, after knotted cords, was the use of carved sticks to serve as tallies. Essay? These do not seem to have been merely sticks notched or indented. They are described as having also some kind of inscription or engraving, even from the application essay, earliest time of their use. The expedient was, however, a rude and simple one common to the Chinese with other tribes. Thus the chiefs of the ancient Tungus gave warrant to their commands by purpose essay, means of such sticks, and the Man (?) tribes in Chinese are said to application essay have used them in model making agreements.

Carving in wood seems to have been practised in China from a remote period, and to have been employed for scholarship application, various purposes. In the seventh century B.C. the. times elaborately carved and coloured. The use of carved tallies also arose at some early period, but there is no record of its beginning. It too was apparently first confined to matters of numbers, and afterwards extended to business dealings and acts of government. Purpose Of An Essay? From these ch^i (?), or carved tallies, some derive the immediate origin of writing, while others regard the chH and shu (?) as coseval. Scholarship Application Essay? One of the eight kinds of characters — the Fa-t^ (??) — appointed for use by Ch'in Shi Huang Ti, was that called the K'e-fu (??) or carved tally, noticed already. But such rude appliances as knotted cords and carved sticks could not long suffice to meet the requirements of a growing society. Purpose Essay? The Chinese, accordingly, represent themselves as having at an early period of their history learned to cut and afterwards paint, in wood and stone and metal, figures or outlines of application, objects. These were practically the first beginning of writing for them. In Creative Writing? All the earliest characters seem to have been either pictorial representations or rough symbols of natural objects and phenomena.

That is, they were either drawings which presented an outline of an object, or drawings which by their composition pointed to the meaning intended. In Chinese language they were Ssiang-hsing (??), Likeness-form, or Ghi-shi (??), Hou Han. Scholarship? shu, chap, xc; Sui-shu, the Nan-man-chuan ; ?????? (also called ^ v., p. 106 ; Kuh (also called ??, etc.), chap. Purpose Essay? xv. Essay? ?????? chap. iv. ; Legge, 0. C, ah-liang-chuan, chap. vi. (???) ; Me-tzii (??), chap. i. Indicating-quality. But it is scarcely correct to call them pictorial writing, for no far as surviving records of or about origin of life, them shew, they did not so much reproduce as merely symbolise. They were marks by which the names of things could be known and remembered, and scholarship essay hence they were first called names. This term, however, was applied properly only to the words or phrases denoting the objects represented. The symbols or figures were called Wen (?), a term of very wide signification. The origin of this symbol-writing cannot perhaps be discovered.

Its invention is by some ascribed to Fu-hsi, and by purpose essay, some to Shi Huang-shi (???), a mythical ruler who preceded Fu-hsi. Of this latter it is expressly recorded that he drew the Pa-kua and invented writing—literally, writing tallies ( ?? ). Here, as in previous steps, the useful point of view is taken and Fu-hsi is said to have instituted writing to replace the administration by knotted cords. But it is to Tsang-chie ( ?? ) that the invention is most usually ascribed. This man has an uncertain personality. He has been identified with Shi Huang-shi, with Huang Ti, and with others. He is also said to have been one of Huang Ti's Ministers of State, and to have had four eyes. Scholarship Essay? Not only of life, did he make the first characters, but he also, according to some accounts, greatly developed the art of writing. Thus he is said to have arranged the characters under the six classes called the Liu-shu , or six writings, though this is also said to have been done by Fu-hsi, the nose-ancestor, or first beginner of the art of scholarship essay, writing. Black Thesis Statement? But there is a glamour on all Chinese writers when they attempt to describe the origin and early history of their written characters. The first artificer of scholarship, these can never be known, but he must have been far above everyday men. To him, whether Tsang-chie or another, moved by the secret force of fate, appeared the mystical eternal tortoise.

Its back was marked by lines which formed quaint devices to the eye of the sage, and stirred his mind to think and wonder. He took the hints, as it were, and devised a system of writing. This invention was fraught with great consequences, and put the universe in commotion. The heavens rained millet, ghosts wailed by night, and dragons went into hiding. There are also Chinese writers who regard pictorial or symbolical representation as co?val with speech. They think it was quite as natural for research papers, man to scholarship depict as to talk.

This unfortunately reminds one of Dogberry's assertion that to write and algebra research read comes by nature. The representation of objects passed gradually, such writers think, to application the use of characters. Then the pictorial gave birth to the phonetic characters, as a mother gives birth to a child. Black Thesis Statement? These characters, strictly so called, are tzu (?) as if ?, bearers of children, or as if ?, sons, begotten and begetting. Hence it may be concluded that the scholarship, origin and growth of writing followed a natural course. [27]

For the Chinese will not have it that Tsang-chie, or whoever first devised their characters, invented symbols which were purely arbitrary or artificial. On the contrary, he proceeded with aim and rule throughout. He studied in the heavens above their starry clusters and black all their charactery, the changing moon, the unvarying sun, and the endless succession of all the elemental phenomena. Beneath the sky he noted the bird's flight and its footprints in the sand, the tortoise's carapace, and the varied forms of nature in application general. These he tried to figure forth with knife and plan brush; but how was he to carve or paint an outline or symbol for such words as mind , and law , and love and righteousness ? There was nothing in the material world to application essay which the ideas represented by these words could be likened. Not even in such cases, however, did the Father of Writing make arbitrary signs, for those which he instituted were the natural product of the pre-existing spiritual facts and principles. He cannot properly be said to have invented such characters, but rather to origin have in their discovery only given direction to the spontaneous tendency of man's genius.

It does not seem, however, that in the early period of writing many spiritual or abstract terms were ed. At first only material objects and their relations, dealings of business, and affairs of government, were depicted in outline or symbol. The chief aim which the inventors and first improvers of the graphic art had in view was to make a record which could be appealed to application as evidence. Essay On Pedagogy? It was in matters of government, according to some native writers, that the use of writing began, the design of the inventors being to facilitate intercourse between the ruler and his servants, and between these and the people, and to register transactions of importance. Scholarship Essay? Thus, when in old times the prince of one state invaded the. territory of another, slew the inhabitants, and carried off booty, he caused the event to algebra research papers be recorded. It was written (?) on bamboo or silk, and engraved in metal and stone to be inscribed on sacrificial vessels for the information of posterity. Tsang-chie, says another author, made the first writing in order that distinct instructions might be given to scholarship officials, and for essay on pedagogy, the efficient regulation of general affairs, that the stupid might be able to remember and application essay the wise extend their thoughts. The primitive writing, whatever it was, seems, as has been stated, to have gradually passed into a somewhat artificial system, from which the present ways of writing are descended. Essay? In the process of development it had to pass through several interme- diate phases, of which that called the Tadpole was one of the scholarship application, first. But some doubt whether there ever were any bond fide characters so called.

Before the time of the Han dynasty (B.C. Sox Scandal Statement? 200), we are told the old styles of scholarship essay, writing had become practical- ly unknown. When in that dynasty the tablets of several of the Canonical and other old works were discovered, the writing was unknown to online masters in creative the people. So they called the strange characters of the tablets Tadpoles, and this became the name of a certain whimsical style of written characters. The specimens given in some books are not unlike imitations of tadpoles and not very like significant characters. It is also stated that the kind of. ????, chap. xvi. ; Lun-heng, chap, xviii. Application Essay? ; *' Huai-nan.tzii, chap.

XX.; ¦' Li-shi-yin-chien, chap, i.j Ho-han.san-ts'ai, o., chap, xv.j M6.tzu, ohap. ziii* writing known as the Tadpole characters was that invented by Fu-hsi, and again that it was the kind communicated by Tsang-chie. Of the other old styles those known as the Great and Small Seal are perhaps the most important.^ The written characters long since ceased to be in ap biology origin of life any degree pictorial, and they have become chiefly a means of scholarship application essay, denoting sounds as names of objects, sensations, or ideas. And it has been the opinion of feome that this was their original and proper intention. Writing, we are told, was born of sound, that is, it was instituted to continue and perpetuate spoken language. Again, writing is said to of an essay be the essay, woof and purpose plan speaking the warp into which the former is Woven. Elsewhere the written characters are described as the application, product of the essay on pedagogy, reciprocal action of application essay, sound and visible representation; and another author regards dots and strokes as the lodging place of human speech when bodied forth in visible form. Dr. Edkins also has stated that the on pedagogy, phonetic characters appear to belong to the same era as those that are hieroglyphic. They are found together among the earliest remains of Chinese literature. Scholarship Application Essay? According to the uniform national tradition, they must, therefore, be dated about B.C.

2700. But this can scarcely be set down as the prevailing opinion among native students of the un application essay, language. It may be true, however, of written characters, strictly so called. The earlier transcript of language, which was called wen (3!^), is defined as the scholarship application, visible representation of objects attslnged according to categories (or classes). It is on pedagogy also stated that wen is the source of object-picturing or delineation.

But whatever may have been their primitive function, all characters now merely give visible representation to scholarship essay man's speech. And though the spoken words may be said to have called into being the written characters, yet these latter have exercised a great and lasting influence on the former. The origin and history of Chinese writing are described at great length in the learned treatise of Wuttke on the History of Writing. The sources from which Wuttke derived his information are, of course, all Western, but he has compiled conscientiously and judiciously, 1 Li-shd, 0'j chap, i.; Ho (or Wo)-hon.sau.ts'ai, chap. xv. and his chapter on research papers the present subject, notwithstanding mistakes, will repay a careful reading. The Chinese do not yield to any in application their appreciation of writing and its developments.

They long ago deified the inventor, and his supposed tomb is still a place of pilgrimage for enthusiastic scholars. From the practical, beneficial point of black sox scandal thesis statement, view the invention has been the subject of much praise. Let us hear one man, a Manchoo by origin, but a Chinese scholar of rare attainments, and a man of scholarship, culture and wide sympathies. Writing, says Kanghsi, is the most precious thing in the world. As to great matters, it has transmitted the philosophy which the ancient sages wished to transmit; and as to sox scandal small matters, it keeps on record the miscellaneous items which man's memory cannot retain. It can bring together people separated by a long interval of time, and allow them to hold intercourse; and by scholarship essay, it scholars of all the world, though living far apart, may take hands and talk their minds together. It makes a man's good repute, and aids him in his profession, expands his intelligence and supplies him with evidence. By it man learns without study and teaches without speaking.

With the Chinese scholar generally it is his own language only which is in on pedagogy his mental view when he speaks of language, and the native writing only when he speaks of writing. The Chinese, as every one knows, are very proud of their language spoken and written, but specially of the latter. Yet they are by no means insensible to the defects of the written language, especially when considered as the intended transcript of verbal utterances. It is square and insufficient, says an author already quoted, while speech is round and complete. There are also very many terms and expressions in common use for which no characters are known to exist, and this is true not only of the uncultivated dialects but also of the general language.

For the. Kanghsi's Diet., Int. Scholarship Essay? j Liu-sha-ku, etc., as above j Wuttke, Gesoh. d. Algebra? Sehrift, etc., S. ocxli. to scholarship cccoxxi. ????. most part, however, Chinese speak of their characters as sufficient for all the needs of human life and writing thought, as full and complete, wanting nothing. In their six-fold classification, writes one author, the written characters embrace all the topics with which man can be concerned, the visible phenomena of heaven, the unseen laws of essay, earth, human affairs, and the rules appointed for lower nature. [28] For many ages the essay on pedagogy, Chinese knew little of other peoples and essay other tongues, and online masters in creative thought and scholarship spoke of all that was not Chinese with undisguised contempt. But intercourse with foreign nations introduced at least a partial knowledge of other languages, and the Chinese had to compare their own perfectly harmonised speech with the shrike-tongued cries of barbarians, and their own matchless characters with the mere imitations of bird and beast footprints used by the undeveloped savages who had never been blessed with divine philosophers. One of the marks whereby a barbarian is known is of life that he writes from left to right, another being that he takes his food without using chop-sticks. When Buddhism came into essay the country its missionaries taught the Chinese a new language with sages and model un application writings which they could not despise. They could not put this new language in the same class with the rude dialects of their unlettered neighbours; and they went so far as to learn from the strangers how to cultivate and scholarship essay improve their own language. Thus the Buddhist scholars, whether native or foreign, taught moderation and even modesty in the comparison between Chinese and Sankrit.

One author tells his readers that there are three original or primitive systems of model un application, writing. The earliest is that invented by application, Brahma, which proceeds from left to right; the second in antiquity is that invented by Kharoshta, which is written from right to left; and the third and latest is that invented by Tsang-chie, which goes from above downward. But one of the essay on pedagogy, most interesting native opinions on this subject is that given by Morrison, taken from a treatise well written and scholarly, but defaced by blunders and marred by a spirit sometimes illiberal. It appears to me, says the author, as translated by Morrison, that the people of Fan ( i.e. , India) distinguished sounds; and with them the stress is laid on the sounds, not on the letters. Chinese distinguish the characters, and lay the scholarship, stress on the characters, not on the sounds. Hence in the language of Fan there is an online masters, endless variety of sound; with the Chinese there is an endless variety of the character. In Fan, the principles of sound excite an admiration, but the letters are destitute of beauty; in Chinese, the characters are capable of ever-varying intelligible modifications, but the sounds are not possessed of nice and minute distinctions.

The people of Fan prefer the sounds, and what they obtain enters by the ear; the Chinese prefer the beautiful character, what they obtain enters by the eye. Application? [29] Within the un application, last few years Western writing has received consideration from at least one native scholar. Scholarship? This author has given a short comparison of it with Chinese, and written of on pedagogy, it in a liberal spirit in his little essay, A Plea for the Preservation of Foreign Writing. [30]