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My Dream Pc Essays and Research Papers. Essay: Dreams From My Father Barack Obama’s Dreams From My Father is exactly what it claims to be . by title, a story of race and identity. Case Study. Barack Obama comes from a diverse background, which he explores throughout the book. Child Thesis. Having a white American mother and black Kenyan father, he has a different experience than the majority of case study people in society when it comes to race and the screwtape letters essay, identity, however still it seems similar to the experience of many blacks as described in William E. Cross’s Black Psychological. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 1303 Words | 3 Pages. Dreams from My Father (Barack Obama)

What is costing case study, My Identity? Dreams from My Father archives Barack Obama’s journey, and struggles, to find his . identity. Obama quickly admits that race is an important part of himself, and it is the screwtape letters essay, that quest of race and kaizen case, identity that pushes him to child labour, question his own uniqueness. Kaizen Study. Ultimately spanning both worlds of the vastly different cultures of his life in America and his roots in Kenya causes Obama confusion and self-doubt. It is through the steady love of his family that allows Obama to truly find acceptance.

African American , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 841 Words | 3 Pages. Obama: Individual in the Community(Dreams of My Father) Alyna Torres QU 101 Professor Matt Tortora September 29, 2010 Dreams from My Father There are many barriers one must . overcome, and to accomplish this, one must find their distinctiveness and take a key role in the community. Throughout the novel, Dreams from my Father by our current president Barrack Obama, Barrack demonstrates the ict coursework project 2 true meaning of being an individual. Kaizen Costing Case. He is highly active in his community, despite the fact that he is health essay, part of the costing study black community. The economic, social, and. A Great Way to Care , Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father 1916 Words | 5 Pages. Presentation: Barack Obama Dreams from My Father Barack Obama – “ Dreams From My Father-A Story of Race and Heritance” Today I want to introduce you United States President . Barack Obama’s first memoir, dreams from child labour, my father. It was first published in July 1995 as he was preparing to kaizen costing case study, launch his political career and republished in August 2004.

Author: Since my book is an autobiography I won’t tell you everything about the author, I just will give some personal facts about him. Barack Obama was born in labour thesis 1961 in Honolulu, Hawaii to Barack Obama Senior. Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Barack Obama, Sr. 1586 Words | 6 Pages. and brain power. One specific example of why Obama is who he is today was because of the study way his mother, Stanley Ann Dunham nurtured him. Dunham was a . woman who had empathy, and worked hard every day to gcse 2, achieve her goals and live the all American dream . She was a tough on Obama because she knew the potential he had. Dunham was hard on him during his high school years. Costing. She often reprimanded him for not putting in a lot of effort in his studies. Mental Promotion. She taught him that you can’t just sit around waiting.

Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Barack Obama, Sr. 1774 Words | 4 Pages. migration. To add on, I will inform you about kaizen case study he migration that occurred through out my relatives lives. And finally, I will speak upon the . migration that occurred through out the movie Scarface that starred Al Pacino that played Tony Montana's role. My parents weren't born in the United States, but they were looking for better lives and opportunities, so they migrated from Haiti to the United States.

My parents growing up in such a poor country that didn't provide much opportunity for them. Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1984 Words | 5 Pages. A Journey of Self-Discovery and Self-Initiation. impossible because no one has just one thing that makes them who they are. Creating one’s identity is a continuous labyrinth of ideas, likes, dislikes, and . other factors that somehow end at one person and affect their whole character.

Having read Dreams From My Father: A Story of child thesis Race and Inheritance by Barack Obama over case study the summer, I found out how he formed his true identity through the mental health promotion knowledge he gained of the different events and kaizen costing case study, episodes of his life. Some people find out who they are at a very. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 2809 Words | 7 Pages. Prepared Remarks of President Barack Obama: Back to School Event. the whole speech, and pathos when he tells about his own experience and expresses how he feels on this matter in the speech, which in general, makes it . easier to earn people's attention. “I know the feeling. When I was young my family lived in Indonesia for a few years, and my mother didn't have the money to send me where all the American kids went to school. So she decided to teach me extra lessons herself, Monday through Friday – at 4:30 in the morning.” Feelings are important to use, especially. 2008 Democratic National Convention , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1117 Words | 3 Pages.

Dreams from My Father: A Story of health essay Race and Inheritance Summer . Reading Assignment 1. Explain the author’s purpose for writing this book? The author of this book is case study, Barack Obama, and the reason I believe he wrote this book is to share his experience growing up and for the screwtape letters people be able to costing case, understand his personal background. Health Essay. He shared experiences from being raised by his mother and grandmother while his father was living in Kenya. 2008 Democratic National Convention , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 530 Words | 2 Pages. why did Barack wrote a book for his father? Dreams for costing my father Barack Hussein Obama was born in student experience 1961, in Honolulu, . Hawaii. His mother was a white American girl from kaizen case study, Kansas and his father a black man from Luo, a Kenyan tribe. At that time their union was unusual, so Barack had to live with that combination of races. He grew up with his mothers family far from 1920, his father and kaizen study, thus to gcse 2, his black origins. Barack had a hard time understanding his situation during his childhood.

He was lost. African American , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 823 Words | 2 Pages. Barack Obama: 'Dreams from kaizen case study, My Father' Personal Response Number One Title: Dreams from My Father ‘A Story of Race and Inheritance’ Author: Barack Obama Genre: . Autobiography, Life Memoir Before Barack Obama was a Politician he was an ict coursework, author. ‘ Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance’ is an Auto-Biography written by Barack Obama. The book describes Obama’s life in three parts, from kaizen case study, his birth in Honolulu, Hawaii up to the final part of the book which includes his emotional and the screwtape letters essay, revealing trip back to his father’s homeland;.

African American , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 765 Words | 2 Pages. MY VACATION AT THE CITY I can still remember the time I went to the city with my family just to case, have a bit of relaxation since . we are over and done with our periodical examinations. 2. Hoping that we can spend some precious time together, I felt so excited while we are on costing case study our way. I expected a lot of jokes and laughter, and full of satisfaction when we get there. Mental Promotion. After a long journey on a muddy and terribly devastated nautical highway, we reach the kaizen costing case city, the only city and the capital of our province. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from My Father 773 Words | 2 Pages. ? In The Life You Imagined and Dreams From My Farther, Derek Jeter and Barack Obama use a . Labour Thesis. variety of writing strategies to costing case, convey their goals.

Both texts describe their childhood dreams and goals, however each author uses different writing styles such as academic vocabulary, cause and effect, colloquial vocabulary and figurative language. Derek Jeter and Barack Obama both used Figurative language and labour, cause and. Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father , High school 385 Words | 2 Pages. Life without Television When my family’s only television set went to the repair shop the kaizen case study other day, my parents, . my sister, and I thought we would have a terrible week. How could we get though the long evenings in such a quiet house?

What would it be like without all the essay filipino writers shows to keep us company? We soon realized, though, that living without television for a while was a stroke of good fortune. It became easy for each of study us to enjoy some activities alone, to mental essay, complete some postponed chores. Anxiety , Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father 606 Words | 2 Pages. people say I cannot achieve something in life my resilience and determination carry me through to kaizen costing, the end. Student Cover Letter. In the face of failure I am not a . person who will crumble and give up as that is the easy way but instead fight as hard as I can to costing case, achieve my goal in life. When people in my life do the wrong thing it is easy to follow in order to be accepted but instead I act against it and my morals say it is wrong and no matter how much they try to gcse project, make me do it my answer is always no. 4. I am a person. Barack Obama , Bill Clinton , Dreams from costing case, My Father 446 Words | 2 Pages.

It is essay, my opinion that Barack Obama is a role model communicator. President Obama has found a way to communicate his thoughts and ideas in a way . that many people find acceptable. Prior to being a presidential nominee, Barack Obama was a senator for the state of Illinois. As senator he was known to be charismatic and an influential speaker. Politics aside, I think his style of communication to case study, be ethical, effective, and honest. Child. President Obama was able to become a modern day celebrity through. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from kaizen, My Father 500 Words | 2 Pages. every scenario would be analyzed and examined. If combat was unavoidable it would be with a reluctant heart. Barack Obama's strengths and weaknesses as the . Democratic candidate for the president Barack Obama would receive my vote if I was eligible to english, vote!

He would receive my vote because his strengths stand out to me more than his weaknesses do and he's an overall better candidate for president then John McCain. His strengths are: 1. Costing Case Study. He pulls the republicans and democrats closer together! Although. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from experience letter, My Father 5095 Words | 14 Pages. Edward Sinigayan 06/26/12 My Life The sun rays from case, my balcony window of my 2 story mansion . Filipino Writers. hit my face as the sun arose over the oceans horizon. I slowly opened my eyes to the beautiful creation God has bestowed upon me also know as my wife. When my mind came to a still, I came to realize that from kaizen study, all of the long hard hours of studying and working at a time was a small step in my long and essays prohibition, relaxing life that I am now continuing. Kaizen Case Study. It feels great to be the owner of the multi-million. Business , Business plan , Entrepreneur 900 Words | 3 Pages. India of My Dreams Introduction William Dement said, “Dreaming permits each and everyone of us to the screwtape letters essay, be quietly and kaizen costing case, . Gcse Project 2. safely insane every night of ourMy India My Pride lives.” He says that sometimes this insanity can be fruitful and sometimes very infectious and sometimes very delectable and delicious.

It is in many ways necessary for a country like India to be insane and dream as it is kaizen costing case study, a bigger crime not to dream than to dare to dream . India of my dreams is a topic, which is as wide and. Drinking water , Government of India , Human Development Index 2255 Words | 7 Pages. worker until I got my CNA certification, then I worked in various nursing homes. Child. It’s easy to kaizen case study, get burnt out essays prohibition when working with elderly, dementia . and Alzheimer’s patients; however, I loved my job. Taking care of others is what I wanted to do. The first nursing home I ever worked at was a small 50 bed facility, where I met my best friend. I have many fond memories from all the places I have worked, but nothing ever felt quite right to me. In July of kaizen costing case study 2011 I got the opportunity of my life! I was job searching. Full-time , Home care , Nursing 1223 Words | 3 Pages.

DREAM COMPANY My Dream company is Hewlett – Packard Co. I would like to see myself in top position as a General . Ict Coursework Project 2. Manager of HP company in near future. HP company is known for its best quality products and great services. This prestigious organization gives me more opportunities like exploring my innovative thoughts in kaizen costing building this organization in mental essay perfect manner. Because of its large scale productivity services all over the world makes any person or customer comfortable. HP company is founded. Compaq , David Packard , Hewlett-Packard 979 Words | 3 Pages. My experience in PC Assembly/Disassembly dates back since 2000 when I first studied Information Technology. From that time till . now I have built many computers from scratch and disassembled many as well for kaizen case hardware upgrading purposes.

The hardware needed in order to make up a PC are and not limited to: - Computer case and components - Power supply - Motherboard - CPU - RAM - Hard Disk Drive - Optical Drive - Floppy Drive - Adapter Cards Most importantly when beginning the health assembly. BIOS , Floppy disk , Hard disk drive 587 Words | 3 Pages. My Dream House House is a place where we can shelter and it gives us a protection from rain, heat, storm etc. Kaizen Costing Case Study. Everyone has . their own choice on what type of house they feel comfortable to essays prohibition, live in, so do I. I enjoy living in a calm and open environment, so house built on small land (I'm not sure what you mean by 'small land' here) won't be my choice. I want a large open space surrounded by kaizen, compound, where I can stroll, especially when I feel bored on prohibition at my job. Kaizen Costing Study. I want a garden in front of my house.

Apartment , English-language films , Feeling 2454 Words | 7 Pages. ?February 7th, 2014 My American Dream “The American Dream is still alive out there, and mental, hard work will . get you there. You don’t necessarily need to case, have an teaching cover letter, Ivy League education or to have millions of dollars startup money. It can be done with an costing, idea, hard work and determination.” Bill Rancic We do not live in gcse 2 a perfect world, not even a perfect country. Kaizen Study. Yet, we still live in a place that gives us opportunity. We live in a place that may not always be equally fair but gives us the . 2006 singles , American Dream , James Truslow Adams 1031 Words | 3 Pages.

My dream is to go on a cruise ship. It would be the sickest thing ever. Cruises just seem so extravagant and beyond this world. . the essays fact that a whole community, per say, can exist in the midst of the sea is just mind boggling. Of course the fear of it sinking still lies within my thoughts, but regardless of my fears i think it would be the trip of a lifetime. Costing Case. I would participate in all the activities, dancing, swiming and games. i would meet some wonderful people and i would share amazing memMy. 2009 singles , Cognition , Cognitive science 1979 Words | 5 Pages. MY DREAM HOUSE I have a dream , you have a dream , she . has a dream , he has a dream , they have a dream , and we have a dream because everyone on this planet has their own dreams . But we have one dream in gcse common.

We insist to achieve that one dream yet we know we cannot. It is because we know only the kaizen costing study selected people can have or those who tries their best to achieve their dreams . We are a dreamer, we dream big. We have been dreaming to be rich for years. Floor , Floors , Need 1231 Words | 3 Pages. soldiers. English Essay Writers. My ideal India is modernised.

It embodies the best in the cultures of the East and the West. Education is wide - spread, and there . is kaizen study, practically no illiteracy. 1920. While India is militarily strong, it believes in non - violence, and spreads the message of peace and brotherhood of man. In this situation, it is kaizen costing case, natural for the youth of the country to turn to the screwtape letters essay, the India of its dreams . A dream often inspires the dreamer to work and strive so that it may come true. In the India of my dreams , everybody.

Asia , Developed country , Dream 901 Words | 3 Pages. ___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed final drafts are due on _______________________ at costing case, the beginning of the period. Your . graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio. Organization of Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the teaching cover letter “hooks” from the kaizen costing six choices on side 2. Don’t forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about labour thesis (career, family, friends, relationships, house, and vehicle). Paragraph #2: Write about your dream job. Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages.

about my Dream about my Country INDIA. Kaizen Costing Case Study. The “I” in India is ‘Me’. ‘I’ am ‘India’ and ‘India’ is in ‘me’. Ict Coursework Project. Thus, if . India, my Country, is costing case study, not doing well in some spheres and is still amongst the Developing Countries of the World is spite of the screwtape essay its man power then we need to ask ourselves as to who is responsible for costing case study it? Dr. Essays. Abdul kalam had once asked a little Girl, what was her dream for India?

She replied “I dream of a developed India”.this impressed him and to be honest this is also ‘ My Dream ’. I dream. A. P. Kaizen Study. J. Prohibition. Abdul Kalam , History of India , India 878 Words | 3 Pages. Nursing: My Dream Profession Nursing as I know is an important component of the health care delivery system that requires a . Kaizen Costing. whole lot of energy and time to put in patient welfare. Thesis. Although, nursing is kaizen, a profession that is rewarding and challenging, I have always admired becoming a nurse someday in the future. As a child, I had my father as a role model. My father was a nurse in Cameroon, central Africa.

When he retired, he settled back in the screwtape the rural area where I and kaizen case study, the rest of my family lived with. Certified Nursing Assistant , Health care , Healthcare 981 Words | 3 Pages. My dream is to live in essays prohibition a big detached house surrounded by a big garden full of flowers and trees. I wouldn't like to live in an . apartment with blocks of kaizen costing flats and rude neighbour’s making noise in the middle of the night. My dream house should be located outside the city, on the outskirts of town where I can find true peace and happiness. Therefore, my dream house should have the the screwtape letters characteristics that represent my spiritual world and personality with its location as well as its inner and outer design. British Columbia Interior , English-language films , Feeling 905 Words | 3 Pages.

My life I was raised in a small town called Joao Pessoa by my grandmother .The town was very small that everyone knew . their neighbors and the town. At this time as was single and kaizen study, living in Brazil. We had a very nice house, which I had my own room and I loved it. I had everything in my room. Letters. But was a especial place that I like about costing case my room, It was where I keep all of my favorite things, my craft supplies, favorite CD’s, books, magazines, cameras, photos, and my diary. A place to escape.

Dream , Family , High school 1460 Words | 4 Pages. India of my Dream The radioactivity of an exploded bomb may linger for years and centuries,But it can never ever equal . radioactivity that my nation India has emitted and emits my life.Radioactivity that does not destroy but builds. Such is my nation, my pride, my India- the abode of mighty Himalayas,land of saints,seers and ict coursework project 2, sadhus, birth place of costing study shri mad bhagvad geetaji and other purana and upnishads,crade of labour thesis religion of Hinduism,Jainism and Buddhism. Kaizen Costing Case. India had many great personalities like mahatma. Akbar the Great , Ashoka the mental health promotion Great , Chandragupta Maurya 730 Words | 3 Pages. My dream school Monday, April 22, 2013 A Dream School in My Mind Have you ever thought about why . Study. you are going to writers, school? Or have you ever talked to kaizen, yourself: “Oh my God, it’s school time again.” The environment keeps changing all the time.

We change houses, jobs, friends and schools. We might often ask ourselves a question: Is there any dream places where we would like to stay? If you have a chance to create a dream school, what is your dream school going to essays prohibition 1920, be? In my mind, a dream school is. College , Education , High school 754 Words | 3 Pages. My Dream I feel like I have a different opinion of college than everyone else. For the most part, I am not excited to go away . to college at case, all. I wish I could stay in high school forever because I enjoy it so much.

My friends are the greatest and the screwtape, I don’t want to make new ones because some of study my best friends I’ve known since first grade, and some others I’ve made throughout my four years at Andrean. Essay Filipino Writers. But most importantly, I want to costing case, stay near my family (besides every teenager’s dream of getting away. 2006 singles , College , Family 1023 Words | 3 Pages. ?THE HOUSE OF MY DREAMS Rosalia’s house If I had money I’d buy the the screwtape flat above mine and I’d build a duplex with a staircase . in case study the living room. Upstairs there would be three bedrooms, two bathrooms, a living-room and english essay filipino, a balcony. Case. Downstairs there would be the kitchen, another living-room, another bedroom a bathroom and a study. I wouldn’t move from my neighbourhood because of mental health promotion essay my mom. She likes it and my friends live nearby. I’d live in kaizen study a kind of terraced house and all the rooms must be very coloured. Apartment , Bedroom , City 1086 Words | 4 Pages. action-- Into that heaven of teaching letter freedom, my Father, let my country awake.

Goes a poem written by rabindranath tagore, renowned . writer, author nd poet, and more importantly, an kaizen study, indian who dreamt of a better india in the future. Well, talking of dreams , a dream is experience cover, a sub-conscious psychic vision of the 'Ideal';coloured by personal affections and framed by the human yearning to reach what one wants.But for all the myriad personal fantasies and dreams ,the only common dream born out of the heart of patriotic. Agriculture , Dream , Economy of costing case study India 1010 Words | 3 Pages. Climbing to My Professional Dream. Climbing to 1920, My Professional Dream “Strength does not come from winning. Your struggles develop your strengths.” (Arnold . Schwarzenegger). Costing Case Study. Most people in the world have goals in mental health essay their life.

However, many of them also think that their goals are too difficult because of numerous obstacles. In the article “A Vision of kaizen case Stars, Grounded in the Dust of essay filipino writers Rural India,” Somini Sengupta writes a breathtaking story about Anupam, a 17-year old Indian boy from a very poor Indian family and his way to his big dream . Kaizen Costing Case. He. Accountancy , Accountant , Accountants 982 Words | 3 Pages. My dream world I slowly drift in essay filipino and out of kaizen costing case sleep as obfuscated images dance in and out of focus. I find myself falling farther . and farther into the darkness of oblivion where nothing is limited. How long will it last? I never know. Experience Cover. Time appears to extend beyond all dimensions. The interstice between reality and fabrication widens, and out of the kaizen study darkness a dim light forms.

Objects begin materializing from beyond the the screwtape ghostly shadows, and a vast new world is created.Looming in kaizen case the infinite mist. World 1632 Words | 4 Pages. Ananda Adhikari Mr. Meixner English 4A, Period 4th 26 December 2012 My Dream to Be a Navy Every teenage has something . common things that their parent has asked them about what they want to be when they grew up. Ict Coursework. Like all these people my friend’s, teachers and relatives have also asked me this questions several times. And the kaizen costing study answers for this question is just simple for me because I have no idea about labour thesis what I want to be in a future so I just end of saying I want to be computer specialist, historian. Coronado, California , Joint Chiefs of Staff , Navy 963 Words | 3 Pages. introduction my dream is to kaizen costing case study, see all schools become green literate across the world.all the students and teachers are green . concious and health, environment lovers.and spread the kaizen case slogan go greenand practically initiate the green mission for mental health promotion essay safety of mankind and kaizen costing, sustenance of the environment for the future generation 29 Apr, 2009 a green literate school my dream school 29 Apr, 2009 why should all shcools be green literate? Our environment teaches us to lead and healthy and cheerful life which.

Ecology , Environmentalism , Natural environment 661 Words | 4 Pages. My dream house would have at least six bedrooms, 4 bathrooms, walk-in closets, a mixture of carpet and hardwood floors, a huge . kitchen, living roon, family room, and fireplace. There will be a bathroom balcony in the master and guest bedrooms. My house would have an indoor swimming pool, with a hot tub. A bowling alley is a must. I think that the family would have soooooooo much fun with that! Also, I would have a theater because I LOVE to watch movies, especially with company. I would also have.

Apartment , Bedroom , House 1069 Words | 3 Pages. MDM SUPARNA [pic] My Dream Job Child’s Dream . Everyone has a dream . I too dream of a job that will make me child’s dream comes true. Gcse Ict Coursework 2. My grandfather and father both traditional Chinese physician. They have excellent medical skill and lofty medical ethic. In China, The doctor is case study, called ‘angles in white’, People respect them. I used to get sick in my childhood. Essay. My father always can cure my disease by kaizen case study, traditional Chinese medical. The Screwtape. I think.

Acupuncture , Chinese herbology , Health 838 Words | 4 Pages. Me, My Dream and Nursing They say that life is not a matter of destiny. It is a matter of choices that we make. . And how we take responsibility for each decision and step that we take. Taking up Bachelor of Science in Nursing is not an easy thing for me. It’s like getting through the eye of a needle. But no matter how hard, I can’t just let myself give up because of the impact that it will make in my life and in the lives of those people who motivates me to kaizen costing case, keep going on. . Nursing , West Visayas State University 1216 Words | 4 Pages. My Dream Job My first day in high school was so overwhelming. Essays Prohibition. My heart was racing and . my legs were shaking. Costing Case Study. I was excited and nervous at the same time. I was so happy to see all my friends after what seem to be a very long, summer break.

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INDIA OF MY DREAM All of us want India to become a respectable super power in the world. India had rich past. it was because of . its riches, that it was invaded innumerable times and its wealth was plundered. The Britishers ruled India for almost two centuries and english writers, exploited the country economically. At the time of independence, the kaizen costing country was in turmoil, its economy had been shuttered and there was unrest all around. However it was time for India to essays 1920, write its own history. A lot of progress has been. Better , Demography , Developing country 928 Words | 3 Pages. m MY DREAM TRIP: BERMUDA ISLAND I couldn’t even sleep last night, because I was so excited for today. Kaizen. . I have been waiting so long for this day to come!

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The Rise of Industrial America, 1877-1900. When in 1873 Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner entitled their co-authored novel The Gilded Age , they gave the late nineteenth century its popular name. The term reflected the combination of outward wealth and dazzle with inner corruption and poverty. Kaizen Costing Case? Given the period’s absence of powerful and child labour charismatic presidents, its lack of a dominant central event, and costing case its sometimes tawdry history, historians have often defined the student teaching experience, period by negatives. They stress greed, scandals, and corruption of the Gilded Age.

Twain and Warner were not wrong about the era’s corruption, but the years between 1877 and 1900 were also some of the most momentous and costing study dynamic in American history. They set in motion developments that would shape the country for generations—the reunification of the South and North, the integration of four million newly freed African Americans, westward expansion, immigration, industrialization, urbanization. It was also a period of reform, in letters essay, which many Americans sought to case study regulate corporations and shape the changes taking place all around them. Reforms in the South seemed unlikely in 1877 when Congress resolved the previous autumn’s disputed presidential election between Democrat Samuel Tilden and Republican Rutherford B. Hayes on the backs of the nation’s freed blacks. A compromise gave Hayes the presidency in return for the end of Reconstruction and the removal of federal military support for the remaining biracial Republican governments that had emerged in the former Confederacy. With that agreement, Congress abandoned one of the greatest reforms in American history: the attempt to incorporate ex-slaves into student teaching experience cover the republic with all the rights and privileges of citizens. The United States thus accepted a developing system of case, repression and segregation in the South that would take the name Jim Crow and persist for nearly a century. The Screwtape Letters? The freed people in the South found their choices largely confined to sharecropping and low-paying wage labor, especially as domestic servants. Kaizen Costing Case Study? Although attempts at the screwtape letters interracial politics would prove briefly successful in Virginia and North Carolina, African American efforts to kaizen study preserve the citizenship and rights promised to black men in english writers, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution failed. Congress continued to pursue a version of reform in the West, however, as part of a Greater Reconstruction.

The federal government sought to kaizen case integrate the mental health promotion essay, West into the country as a social and economic replica of the North. Land redistribution on a massive scale formed the centerpiece of costing study, reform. Through such measures as the Homestead and Railroad Acts of 1862, the government redistributed the vast majority of communal lands possessed by American Indian tribes to railroad corporations and white farmers. To redistribute that land, the government had to subdue American Indians, and the winter of 1877 saw the culmination of the english filipino, wars that had been raging on kaizen study, the Great Plains and elsewhere in the West since the the screwtape essay, end of the Civil War. Following the American defeat at the Battle of the study, Little Bighorn the previous fall, American soldiers drove the Lakota civil and spiritual leader Sitting Bull and his followers into Canada. They forced the war leader Crazy Horse to surrender and child later killed him while he was held prisoner.

Sitting Bull would eventually return to the United States, but he died in 1890 at the hands of the Indian police during the Wounded Knee crisis. The defeat of the Lakotas and the utterly unnecessary Nez Perce War of 1877 ended the long era of Indian wars. There would be other small-scale conflicts in the West such as the Bannock War (1878) and the subjugation of the Apaches, which culminated with the surrender of Geronimo in costing, 1886, but these were largely police actions. The slaughter of Lakota Ghost Dancers at english essay Wounded Knee in kaizen study, 1890 did bring a major mobilization of ict coursework, American troops, but it was a kind of coda to the American conquest since the federal government had already effectively extended its power from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The treaty system had officially ended in 1871, but Americans continued to negotiate agreements with the Indians.

The goal of these agreements, and kaizen costing case American land policy in general, was to create millions of new farms and ranches across the West. Student Cover Letter? Not satisfied with already ceded lands, reformers—the so-called “Friends of the Indians” whose champion in kaizen case, Congress was Senator Henry Dawes—sought to divide reservations into individual farms for Indians and then open up most or all of the remaining land to whites. The Dawes Act of health promotion essay, 1887 became their major tool, but the work of the Dawes Commission in kaizen costing study, 1893 extended allotment to the Creeks, Cherokees, Seminoles, Chickasaws, and Choctaws in Indian Territory, which became the gcse, core of the state of Oklahoma. Land allotment joined with the establishment of Indian schools and the suppression of native religions in a sweeping attempt to kaizen costing case individualize Indians and experience cover letter integrate them one by one into American society. The policy would fail miserably.

Indian population declined precipitously; the tribes lost much of their remaining land, and Indians became the poorest group in American society. Between 1877 and 1900 immigrants prompted much more concern among native-born white Americans than did either black people or Indian peoples. Kaizen Case Study? During these years there was a net immigration of approximately 7,348,000 people into the United States. During roughly the same period, the population of the country increased by about 27 million people, from about 49 million in 1880 to thesis 76 million in 1900. Before 1880 the immigrants came largely from Western Europe and China. Kaizen Costing? Taking the period between 1860 and 1900 as a whole, Germans comprised 28 percent of American immigrants; the British comprised 18 percent, the english essay, Irish 15 percent, and Scandinavians 11 percent. Together they made up 72 percent of the total immigration. Costing Case? At the end of the century, the prohibition, so-called “New Immigration” signaled the rise of southern and eastern Europe as the source of costing case study, most immigrants to America. The influx worried many native-born Americans who still thought of the United States as a white Protestant republic. Mental? Many of the new immigrants did not, in costing case, the racial classifications of the day, count as white.

As the century wore on, they were increasingly Catholic and Jewish. Immigrants entered every section of the country in large numbers except for 1920, the South. They settled in northeastern and case study midwestern cities and on western and midwestern farms. The Pacific and essays prohibition mountain West contained the highest percentage of kaizen costing study, immigrants of any region in 1880 and 1890. The immigrants forged networks that shaped how and where they migrated and the kinds of communities they established. Chain migrations linked migrants to prior migrants. Early arrivals wrote home to bring family, friends, and neighbors to health promotion essay the United States. Over large swaths of kaizen costing study, Minnesota, the Dakotas, and essay filipino writers elsewhere German was the primary language of daily life.

Tensions between immigrants and the native born over the language to be spoken in public schools, Sunday closures of kaizen costing case, businesses (sabbatarianism), and temperance reform often put cultural issues and mental health practices at the center of local and state politics. Taken together, immigration and the end of Reconstruction triggered an anti-democratic movement to restrict access to the ballot box. By the 1870s proponents of restricting suffrage, having defeated an early push for women’s suffrage, were calling democracy a mistake. Case Study? They advocated restrictions on voting as a way to check corruption, elevate political culture, and marginalize those—they had in mind immigrants and blacks—whom they thought incapable of meeting the obligations of republican politics. They sought political changes that would make it far more difficult for the poor and essays prohibition immigrants to vote. Over time, through poll taxes, residence requirements, literacy requirements, and more, they would succeed.

The mass politics and high voting rates characteristic of late nineteenth-century America would not outlive the era. Attempts to restrict suffrage were part of a strong political and social backlash against immigrants that developed over the course of the century. The United States welcomed immigrants because they were essential to its growing economy, but nativists opposed immigrants as antithetical to American culture and study society. They thought of child labour thesis, immigrants as exotic and inassimilable. In certain situations, however, nativists had allies who were immigrants or the children of immigrants. Workers, both immigrant and native born, often feared that corporations were using contract labor—workers recruited abroad at lower wages than those paid American workers—to undermine American working conditions and the American family, which they defined as a working man whose wife maintained the home.

They opposed certain kinds of immigration. One of the kaizen costing study, forgotten reforms of the period, the Foran Act of 1885, outlawed contract labor, but the english writers, law proved difficult to enforce. Alliances of some native-born Americans with some immigrants against other immigrants proved most effective in the case of the Chinese. Roughly 180,000 Chinese immigrated to the United States between 1849 and 1882, and case study they became the personification of both the inassimilable immigrant and the contract worker. Although the Chinese came as free laborers, they were often branded as coolies: abject semi-slaves, whose low standard of living allowed them to thrive on wages that could not support white families.

Racists had previously claimed that superior Anglo-Saxons would inevitably replace “inferior” races. Teaching? But in the West, while Sinophobes saw the Chinese as exotic and inferior, they also thought the Chinese would triumph over kaizen costing case, the supposedly superior white men because they were efficient workers. Immigrants and the native born formed mobs that attacked the Chinese at Rock Springs, Wyoming, in 1885 and expelled them from Tacoma, Washington, in 1885 and Seattle in student teaching experience cover letter, 1886. Congress passed ten-year restrictions on Chinese immigration in kaizen, 1882 and 1892 and health promotion essay a permanent exclusion act in 1902. Late in the nineteenth century, those who opposed immigration from Italy, Hungary, and costing case study elsewhere compared those groups to the Chinese. Some immigrants could wrap themselves in the mantle of Americanism if they were “white” and Protestant. Protestant immigrants, particularly Scandinavians and Scots-Irish, joined the American Protective Association in 1887 to essay filipino writers restrict Catholic immigration as it rode a larger wave of anti-Catholicism that swept over the country. Kaizen Costing? Aimed initially at Irish and Catholic schools, anti-Catholicism increased its range as new Catholic immigrants began to arrive.

Agricultural, Commercial, and letters Industrial Development. Although not all of them intended to kaizen costing stay, most immigrants came to the United States for economic opportunity. Cheap land and relatively high wages, compared to essay filipino writers their home countries, were available regardless of costing study, citizenship. The Homestead Act did not require that settlers filing for land be American citizens, and the railroads not only sold their land grants cheaply, they advertised widely in gcse ict coursework project 2, Europe. The results of this distribution of fertile and largely accessible land were astonishing. Everything in the late nineteenth century seemed to costing study move faster than ever before. Americans brought more land under cultivation between 1870 and 1900 (225 million acres) than they had since the mental health promotion, English first appeared at Jamestown in 1607 (189 million acres). Farmers abandoned small, worn-out farms in the East and developed new, larger, and more fertile farms in costing case, the Midwest and West. Student Cover Letter? They developed so much land because they farmed extensively, not intensively. In terms of yields per acre, American farmers ranked far below Europe.

Maintaining fertility demanded labor, which was precisely what American farmers were bent on reducing. They invested not in labor but in technology, particularly improved plows, reapers, and threshers. With westward expansion onto the prairies, a single family with a reaper could increase acreage and thus production without large amounts of hired labor. Arable free lands grew scarcer during the 1880s, forcing more and more land seekers west into arid lands beyond the 98th meridian. In many years these lands lacked adequate rainfall to produce crops. “In God we trusted, in Kansas we busted” written on kaizen, the side of a wagon cover by a family abandoning its homestead summed up the dangers of going too far out onto the semi-arid and arid plains. The expansion of agricultural lands led to what superficially seems a paradox: the more farmers there were—and the more productive farmers became—the smaller was agriculture’s share of the prohibition 1920, economy.

Farmers had the kaizen costing, largest share of the promotion essay, dollar value of American economic output until 1880 when commerce’s 29 percent of the gross national product edged out their 28 percent. In 1890 manufacturing and mining at 30 percent share of the GNP both exceeded agriculture’s 19 percent share. During the same period, the percentage of workers employed in agriculture fell. A majority of the nation’s workers were farmers or farm laborers in 1860, but by 1900 the figure had declined to 40 percent. Such statistics seemed to reflect a decline in the importance of farming, but in fact, they reflected its significance and efficiency. Farmers produced more than the country could consume with smaller and smaller percentages of its available labor. Costing Study? They exported the excess, and the children of english essay, farmers migrated to cities and towns. Where at the beginning of the century exports composed about 10 percent of farm income, they amounted to case between 20 and gcse ict coursework 2 25 percent by the end of the century. What farmers sold abroad translated into savings and consumption at home that fueled the nation’s industry. Kaizen Costing Case Study? Migration from rural to essays urban areas dwarfed both foreign migration and westward migration.

American agricultural productivity allowed it to remain the world’s greatest agricultural economy while it became the world’s largest industrial producer. The rise of industrial America, the dominance of wage labor, and the growth of cities represented perhaps the greatest changes of the period. Few Americans at the end of the Civil War had anticipated the rapid rise of American industry. For the first time in the nation’s history, wage earners had come to outnumber the self-employed, and by the 1880s these wage earners were becoming employees of larger and larger corporations. Kaizen Costing Case Study? As the Massachusetts Bureau of Statistics and Labor declared in 1873, wage labor was universal: “a system more widely diffused than any form of religion, or of government, or indeed, of any language.”[1] Skilled workers proved remarkably successful at labour maintaining their position through the 1880s, but they had to fight to do so. Costing? The relatively high wages for skilled workers led employers to seek ways to replace skilled with unskilled or semi-skilled workers.

Mechanization provided the best tactic for deskilling work and lowering wages. Many of the bitterest strikes of the period were attempts to control working rules and to maintain rather than raise wages. Beginning with the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, through the Great Upheaval of thesis, 1886 that culminated in the slaughter at Haymarket Square, then through the Homestead Strike (1892), Pullman Strike (1894), and more, the largest confrontations often involved violence and the intervention by state or federal governments to repress the strikes. Many of these strikes involved the railroads; the whole economy seemed to revolve around the costing, railroads. At the end of the 1870s the railroads renewed their expansion. With a brief break in the 1880s, expansion continued at a reckless pace until 1890. At the end of 1890 more than 20 percent of the 161,000 miles of railroad in the United States had been constructed in the previous four years. By the end of the century the railroad corporations rivaled the United States government in size. Project? In 1891 the Pennsylvania Railroad had 110,000 employees, almost three times the number of men in all the armed forces of the costing case study, United States.

Its capitalization of $842 million was only $150 million less than the national debt. Nationally, 418,957 people worked for railroads in 1880 and nearly 800,000 in 1890: about 3 percent of the entire work force of the nation. By 1900 roughly one-sixth of all capital investments in United States were in the railroads. The railroads powered the industrial economy. They consumed the majority of iron and steel produced in the United States before 1890. As late as 1882, steel rails accounted for 90 percent of the steel production in essay, the United States.

They were the study, nation’s largest consumer of lumber and a major consumer of coal. They also distributed these commodities across the country. At times, however, railroads threatened to haul the experience cover, American economy into the abyss. Rail corporations overbuilt, borrowed recklessly, and kaizen study were often atrociously managed. They ricocheted wildly between rate wars and gcse project 2 the creation of kaizen costing study, pools to fix prices, and they encouraged other industries to follow. Wheat, silver, timber, cattle, and other commodities flooded the market, sent prices tumbling, and dragged many producers into essay bankruptcy. Case? The signal of every economic collapse in the late nineteenth century was the essays 1920, descent of railroads and the banks associated with them into receivership.

The railroads were typical of the economic contradictions of the era. Over the period as a whole, American industry advanced rapidly. By 1900 the United States had one half the world’s manufacturing capacity. At the end of the century, it had overtaken Great Britain both in iron and steel production and in coal production. The United States made such great gains because it was the fastest runner in a relatively slow race. The entire period from 1873 to the turn of the century became known as the Long Depression in costing case study, western Europe. The United States grew faster than European economies, although no faster than nations with similar British colonial backgrounds—Australia and Canada. Child Thesis? It actually grew more slowly than Argentina.

None of these economies, however, were remotely as large. The growth was not even. Periods of prosperity alternated with deep downturns in kaizen costing case study, a boom/bust pattern. Essays Prohibition? The economy came out of the depression following the case study, Panic of 1873 at the end of that decade, lurched into a short, sharp depression in 1882–1883, and then fell into a much more severe depression from 1893 to 1897. Until the 1930s this was known as the Great Depression.

Such fluctuations in the American economy were linked to the larger world economy. Important sectors of the American economy globalized, putting American businesses and farmers in health promotion essay, competition with other places in the world. One result was a steady downward pressure on prices. The Republican policy of maintaining tariff protection for costing case, American industry mitigated deflation on the domestic market, but the return to the gold standard with the Resumption Act of health promotion, 1875, which later became a major political issue, created compensatory deflationary pressure that contributed to the general decline in prices. This benefitted workers only as long as they were able to maintain their wages.

Economic changes manifested themselves in rates of immigration (which rose during good times and declined during bad), urbanization, types of work, family organization, and more. Social and cultural patterns, in turn, affected the kaizen case study, economy by experience letter, determining who held certain jobs, how those jobs were valued, and where and kaizen case study how work took place. The cumulative effects of 1920, these changes were staggering, and many Americans worried that immigration, urbanization, wage labor, and the rise of large corporations undermined values that they thought defined the country itself. The Civil War had seemed to secure the triumph of kaizen study, a world of small producers and the values of free labor, individualism, and contract freedom. Many Americans desperately wanted to believe that those values survived and still ensured success within the new industrial society. Sometimes they attached the old values to new theories. Herbert Spencer, the British writer and philosopher, had many American disciples, of whom William Graham Sumner of Yale was probably the most prominent. Spencer and his disciples tried to understand human social change in terms of Darwinian evolution, utterly obfuscating the mechanisms of biological evolution in the process.

Other Americans simply tried to portray the new economy as essentially the same as the old. Letters? They believed that individual enterprise, hard work, and free competition in kaizen costing study, open markets still guaranteed success to those willing to work hard. An evolving mass print culture of health, cheap newspapers, magazines, and dime novels offered proselytizers of the old values new forms of communication. Horatio Alger, whose publishing career extended from the end of the Civil War to the end of the kaizen costing study, century, wrote juvenile novels that reconciled the new economy with the old values of individualism. In his novels, an mental promotion essay individual’s fate was still in costing, his hands. Many other Americans did not think so. They formed a diffuse reform movement contemporaries referred to as antimonopolism. Antimonopolists, including farmers, small businessmen, and workers in the Knights of Labor and other organizations, agreed on the problem, but often differed on child labour thesis, the solution. They lamented the rise of large corporations, which to them were synonymous with monopoly.

They worried about the dependence on costing, wage labor, the growth of unemployment, particularly during the frequent panics and depressions, the proliferation of tramps as the poor who wandered in search of work were known, and the decline of individual independence. In the 1870s Walt Whitman lamented the human casualties of the new economy. “If the teaching experience, United States, like the countries of the Old World, are also to grow vast crops of kaizen case, poor, desperate, dissatisfied, nomadic, miserably-waged populations such as we see looming upon us of late years—steadily, even if slowly, eating into us like a cancer of lungs or stomach—then our republican experiment, notwithstanding all its surface successes, is at heart an unhealthy failure.”[2] Antimonopolists agreed that the purpose of a republican economy was to child labour thesis sustain independent and prosperous republican citizens, but how to restore the economy to that condition was the problem. Some, probably a majority in the 1870s, sought government intervention to restore competition. Others, who grew in numbers in the 1880s and 1890s, accepted the inevitability of kaizen study, large corporations but desired that they be more tightly regulated. By the 1890s, the Populists, an antimonopolist third party centered on the South and West, advocated government ownership of the railroads and the telegraphs. In many ways the antimonopolists were successful. They comprised large factions within both the Democratic and labour thesis Republican Parties and created new third parties from the Greenbackers (1874–1884) to the Populists of the 1890s. In 1896, the climactic election of the period pitted the antimonopolist William Jennings Bryan against the Republican William McKinley.

Bryan lost, but many of the reforms antimonopolists advocated would be enacted over the next twenty years. Many others were already in place. The inevitable compromises involved in passing legislation left a contradictory reform legacy. Some measures sought to restore competition by breaking up trusts or holding companies while others accepted the existence of large corporations but enforced regulations to restrain them. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 initiated a movement to kaizen costing case break up the largest trusts. State railroad commissions, the most effective of which were in Iowa and Texas, and the Interstate Commerce Commission created in 1887 represented attempts to regulate corporations. Certain people became better known and better remembered than the english essay, presidents of the period because they came to represent both the economy itself and people’s ideological views of it. Thomas Edison emerged as perhaps the kaizen, most admired American of the age because he seemed to represent the triumph of individualism in an industrial economy.

He built his famous lab at Menlo Park, New Jersey, in 1876. The public regarded Edison as the the screwtape, “wizard of Menlo Park,” but it was ironically the lab—a cooperative enterprise—that produced the inventions from kaizen case study, a workable electric light to the phonograph and more. And when in essay filipino, 1890 Edison merged his lab and other businesses into General Electric, the man who was a symbol of economic individualism became the costing study, head of a large corporation. That the corporate form captured Edison was not surprising because large corporations that first arose with the railroads before the Civil War were coming to dominate the American economy during the Great Merger movement of the essay writers, 1890s. John D. Rockefeller symbolized the darker view of the study, economy. His Standard Oil became the best-known and the best-hated corporation of the day. Rockefeller ruthlessly consolidated a competitive oil industry, absorbing rivals or driving them out of business. He was unapologetic, and he had only disdain for those who still thought of the economy as depending on individualism and competition. Organization and consolidation was the future. “The day of the combination is here to stay,” he proclaimed. “Individualism has gone never to return.”[3]

What was also gone was the United States as a purely continental nation. In many ways, the American acquisition of an overseas empire was a continuation of child labour thesis, its continental expansion at the expense of American Indian peoples. Costing Case Study? But with the annexation of Hawaii (1898) and the subsequent annexation of the Philippines and Puerto Rico following the Spanish American War (1898), the United States extended its military and governmental reach beyond its continental boundaries. The war, like so many things, marked the vast changes that took place in a neglected era. [1] Quoted in Amy Dru Stanley, From Bondage to Contract: Wage Labor, Marriage, and the Market in child thesis, the Age of Slave Emancipation (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998), 62. [2] Walt Whitman, Specimen Days and Collect (Philadelphia: David McKay, 1883), 330. [3] Allan Nevins, John D. Rockefeller [1959], 1:622. Richard White is the Margaret Byrne Professor of American History at Stanford University and a past president of the kaizen study, Organization of American Historians. His books include It’s Your Misfortune and None of My Own: A New History of the American West (1991), The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650–1815 (1991), which won the Parkman Prize, and most recently Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America (2011). Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History. Please click here to login and access this page.

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits. Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students. Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for project, History. Become an study Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features. Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

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Analysis Of Still I Rise By Maya Angelou Essays and Research Papers. college professor, dancer, activist, and movie star, Maya Angelou has overcome much in her life. From being raped by a family . member at a very young age that made her speechless for years (Burns 1) and having to deal with the responsibilities of being a mother in costing case study, her teens (Burns 1), Maya Angelou has risen. Promotion. She was a part of the Martin Luther King Jr. movement serving as the coordinator for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (Burns 1). Maya Angelou has risen from the racism, discrimination, sexism. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 965 Words | 3 Pages. Still I Rise by Maya Angelou: Exploring the Poem. ' Still I Rise ' by Maya Angelou : the poem You may write me down in history With your . bitter, twisted lies, You may trod me in the very dirt But still , like dust, I'll rise . Kaizen Costing Case Study. Does my sassiness upset you?

Why are you beset with gloom? 'Cause I walk like I've got oil wells Pumping in my living room. Just like moons and like suns, With the certainty of student teaching cover letter, tides, Just like hopes springing high, Still I'll rise . Did you want to see me broken? Bowed head and lowered eyes? Shoulders falling down like teardrops. Study. Alliteration , Assonance , Literary consonance 714 Words | 4 Pages. Phenomenal Woman and Still I Rise: Maya Angelou. Bibliography for prohibition, Research Paper Angelou , Maya . And Still I Rise . New York: Random . House, 1978. Print. This is a book which originally published two of Maya Angelou's infamous poems, Phenomenal Woman and, Still I Rise . Kaizen. This book is strong and powerful, filled with many other well-known works done by Maya Angelou . The Screwtape. Kornhaber, Spencer. Kaizen Case. Maya Angelou's Universal Struggle. Essay. The Atlantic.

Atlantic Media Company, 28 May 2014. Web. 11 July 2014. A great overview of costing case, Maya Angelou and mental health promotion who she really was. It. African-American Civil Rights Movement , Bantam Books , Historian 1129 Words | 3 Pages.

Analysis of the poem Still I Rise 2014 An Analysis of the poem Still I Rise by Maya Angelou . Case Study. African Americans have been oppressed for centuries. Despite this discrimination, people of this race have fought hard for their freedom and essay writers respect. This pursuit of equality is evident inMaya Angelou’s poem, “ Still I Rise ”. Kaizen. Angelou integrates numerous literary ideas such as various sounds, poetry forms, and student teaching key concepts.The poetic devices incorporated in Maya Angelou’s work, “ Still I Rise ”,heightens the. Alliteration , Lyric poetry , Maya Angelou 1254 Words | 6 Pages. Still I Rise, Feminist Poem Analysis. Still I Rise is a poem written with Maya Angelou herself as the kaizen case, speaker. She is . speaking to her audience about gcse ict coursework project, how she has overcome racism, criticism, sexism, and personal obstacles in kaizen study, her life with pride and grace. Still I Rise has a positive and strong tone throughout the child labour thesis, entire poem. The words Angelou used also make it seem as though the she is talking to case study, the readers. By doing so, Angelou got the readers to get more personally involved in student teaching experience cover, the poem emotionally which helps to make readers realize. African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 916 Words | 3 Pages.

Maya Angelou , a presence in United States society, has risen against kaizen costing case, formidable odds. After being raped at age eight and after . withdrawing for a couple years, with the help and inspiration of a grade school teacher, Angelou rose to revert herself. Eventually, she became the first African-American street car conductors in experience cover letter, San Francisco. Costing Study. She traveled to Africa and asserted herself in dance. Child. Despite the shortening of a brief marriage, Angelou continued to assert herself, drawing inspiration as the case, mother. African American , Arab slave trade , Black people 2030 Words | 5 Pages. “ Still I Rise ” Poem Analysis “ Still I Rise ” was written . by Maya Angelou , who is an english African-American poet. A majority of her poems are written on slavery and life as a African- American woman. “ Still I Rise ” is one of the many well known.

She discusses how she is treated differently and kaizen costing refers to her ancestry and relates to events they went through during the time of slavery and the events she continues to cover letter, go through during her time period of study, life. “This poem has been an inspiration to people. African-American Civil Rights Movement , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou 1699 Words | 5 Pages. Mental Health Essay. Analysis of Maya Angelou's Still I Rise The poem I have chosen to write a detailed description and interpretation of is Maya Angelou's ' Still . I Rise '. In analysing the chosen poem I will be considering the ways in study, which my own knowledge, experience and mental essay cultural identity might have an influence in the way I have read and interpreted the kaizen costing case study, poem. This poem is very strong and powerful, as a reader I can sense this in the title of the 1920, poem, ' still I rise '. If the reader does not know the origin of the case, author I guess that it will be hard to tell. Black people , Metaphor , Poetry 1873 Words | 5 Pages. An Explication I of student teaching experience cover, Maya Angelou’s “ Still I Rise ” The name Maya . Angelou resonates with an entire race and culture. Of all her poems “ Still I Rise ” should be classified as the most introspective of kaizen costing study, them all. It is a personal journey into a world many of gcse project, us have never seen or known. She speaks to an audience of oppressors and persecutors. She is allowing the reader to truly feel not only her pain but her boldness as well. Case. Maya Angelou’s “ Still I Rise ” uses strong word choice and imagery to essays prohibition 1920, portray.

Black people , Maya Angelou , Race 1237 Words | 4 Pages. Kaizen Case Study. Stacey Miles Ms. Riccardo English Comp II 12 March 2012 “ Still I Rise ” “ Still I . Rise ” is prohibition 1920 a powerful poem written by Maya Angelou addressing her pride in herself and in her African American ancestor’s ability to rise above racism and segregation. The tone of the poem is strong and expresses different hardships that Maya Angelou has been faced with overcame. Angelou uses a wide range of kaizen costing case, similes and metaphors in her poem comparing herself to various natural elements such as the moon, sun and ocean. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , English American 1244 Words | 3 Pages. Maya Angelou : Still I Rise Maya Angelo writes about being a black woman . Teaching Experience Cover. who rises each time she faces tyranny. Angelou tells of how she overcomes the obstacles that she endures on a daily basis, yet still she continues to rise . Kaizen Study. As With an African American woman, she realizes the importance and cruelty of history.

She also mentions how she carries herself, portraying to the world as though she is child labour rich, which she was not rich growing up. The quote, “ Still I’ll rise ” (M. Angelou 13), exemplifies. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou , Roots 866 Words | 3 Pages. Maya Angelou Maya Angelou paved the way for many of today’s black poets. She is famous for costing, her . Health Essay. poems and series of autobiographies. Angelou has had an study interesting life filled with many accomplishments. Maya Angelou was born as Marguerite Johnson on labour thesis April 4, 1928, in St. Costing. Louis, Missouri. (Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd Ed.) Her parents divorced when she was 3, she then lived with her mother. (Shaw, Taylor) At age 8 her mother’s boyfriend, Mr. Freeman, raped her.

Angelou hid her dirty. Alvin Ailey , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , James Baldwin 1228 Words | 4 Pages. And Still I Rise: Maya Angelou's Feminist Approach. potential meanings in student teaching experience cover, Maya Angelou’s “And Still I Rise ”? Maya Angelou’s “And . Still I Rise ” gives a powerful message to the reader from the kaizen case, start of the collection with the title and essays prohibition the numerous, alternative meanings behind it. One potential meaning could be Maya’s rising up against oppression and her effort to case study, try and escape from health essay, women’s traditional stereotypical roles in society. Another interpretation could be that the collection is kaizen case seen as a rally call directed towards women, to rise up against male. Female , Feminism , Gender 1648 Words | 4 Pages.

Maya Angelou “I've learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget . Essay Writers. how you made them feel.” These are the words of kaizen study, Marguerite Ann Johnson, better known as Maya Angelou , who is child labour known as one of the most influential voices of our time. She is not only a poet but also a novelist, educator, dramatist, producer, actress, historian, filmmaker, and civil rights activist. (http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/87) Although she experienced the negativity. African American , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou 1418 Words | 4 Pages. Maya Angelou You may shoot me with your words, you may cut me with your eyes, you may kill me with your hatefulness. But . still , like air, I'll rise . Costing Case Study. Have you ever been so influenced by such a small amount of powerful words? This brilliant quote extracted from gcse ict coursework project, Maya Angelou's own poem, Still I Rise , basically brings out the kaizen costing case, spirit and student experience nature of each of her publications.

Maya Angelou's works of poetry are seen as inspiration for those who have been discriminated for their public appearances. Kaizen Costing Case Study. As. African American , Black people , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 1001 Words | 3 Pages. An analysis of the Maya Angelou poem , To a man. 'To a man' is written by Maya Angelou , whose first novel was an autobiography of her varied life, (activist, singer, waitress, . dancer etc.) called ' I know why the caged bird sings'. She has written two collections of mental health promotion essay, prose, 'Wouldn't take nothing for my journey now' and 'Even the stars look lonesome'. Costing Study. Angelou has written several famous poems, including ' Still I rise ' and 'On the pulse of the 1920, morning' for kaizen case study, the inaugeration of President Clinton. Maya Angelou now has a lifetime appointment as . Cat , Change , Color 1252 Words | 7 Pages. Maya Angelou: Interpretation of 2, Poetry.

Maya Angelou Dr. Kaizen Costing Case Study. Maya Angelou , born April 24, 1928, was a phenomenal poet, memoirist, novelist, . educator, dramatist, producer, actress, historian, filmmaker, and civil rights activist known as one of the ict coursework project, greatest voices of kaizen case study, renaissance. She experienced harsh racial discrimination throughout her lifetime, and yet in the midst of her trials she never loses self-respect or confidence. Through her powerful delivery of words she dually embodies her captivating personality and demeanor. Altogether, her. I Know Why the essay filipino writers, Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou , Poetry 1107 Words | 4 Pages.

Maya Angelou has dedicated her life to end prejudices faced by many black females in the 20th century. Kaizen Case. As an author, poet, and the screwtape letters essay . Kaizen Costing Case. entertainer, she is gcse 2 known best for her strong portrayal of African-American women. Some of her most outstanding work is the series of autobiographies that she wrote telling about her childhood. Her work has contributed immensely to Americans everywhere. She has also broken many barriers for costing, black women in writing, entertainment, and in film making. Maya Angelou is. African American , Black people , President of the United States 710 Words | 5 Pages. BY; . MAYA ANGELOU Introductory I am going expound on prohibition the differentiating and the looking at of these two lyrics. ALONE and STILL I RISE by kaizen Maya Angelou . I would include my most loved parts I like about these two ballads.

To start with I will advise what ALONE intends to me. The lyric is stating that to make it out of dull, sinking places one can't make only it. You. African-American Civil Rights Movement , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , James Baldwin 1633 Words | 3 Pages. Maya Angelou: Rising Above Social Struggles. Mental Health. ? Maya Angelou : Rising Above Social Struggles Author of an autobiographical series, countless essays and stirring poems, a civil . rights activist, dedicated actor and producer, skillful dancer and singer, and kaizen case study great cook, Maya Angelou is an child thesis inspiration to every person, regardless of his age, gender, race, or status in life. Maya Angelou , an African-American, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, but was sent to case study, Stamps, Arkansas, with her brother Bailey, to live with their grandmother (King 5). During her. The Screwtape Letters. African American , Black people , Race 2298 Words | 7 Pages. more important idea in kaizen case study, the text. “ Still I rise ” a poem by labour thesis Maya Angelou is about a . black woman’s point of view towards a white person in the 1900’s.

Angelou used various language techniques, rhetorical questions, metaphor, and similes to costing, show us her thoughts at the time when she was being ruled over. Self-esteem was the reason that the poet wrote this poem in the first place and it was self-esteem that she overcome the obstacles she faced in life. Essays 1920. Firstly, Angelou uses similes to case, compare herself to. Black people , Maya Angelou , Metaphor 525 Words | 2 Pages. Maya Angelou A Phenomenal Literary Poet. Date: Maya Angelou : A Phenomenal Literary Poet “I’m a woman, phenomenally. Phenomenal woman, that’s me”. This line from . Phenomenal Woman aptly describes the literary giant that is student teaching experience letter Maya Angelou : she is a phenomenal poet. A poet, author, playwright, educator, artist and civil right activist, Maya Angelou is categorized among the most influential Renaissance women of the 21st century.

Famous for her poems and books such as “Gather Together in My Name” and “ I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings”, Angelou is. Family , Fiction , Grandparent 2185 Words | 7 Pages. Expository Essay Dr. Maya Angelou “ Still I Rise ” Cheryl Parker-Fields April 11, . 2010 Franklin D. Roosevelt once said, “Favor comes because for costing case, a brief moment in the great space of human change and progress some general human purpose finds in him a satisfactory embodiment.”(www.brainyquote.com) Throughout many centuries in American history, at essay some point or another there has been a great struggle for kaizen case, African- American people. A struggle filled with many disappointments embodied by raw emotion. African-American Civil Rights Movement , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , James Baldwin 1241 Words | 5 Pages. Dig Deeper It’s a fact that Maya Angelou is cover letter known for writing poetry and novels that empower and inspire many people, . Costing Case. especially African Americans. Critics have different beliefs of the purposes of her poems. This research paper will focus on two of labour thesis, Angelou’s most famous works: “Caged Bird” and “ Still I Rise ”. Critics believe that the main focus on these two poems is reflected on African American history.

They go much deeper. These two poems reflect her life story as well, which is why so. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Bantam Books 1597 Words | 4 Pages. Maya Angelou’s tumultuous childhood in the South and the struggles that come with being black are the kaizen, basis for her autobiographies such as . Ict Coursework Project 2. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. Case Study. Through her rich, insightful literature she is able to health essay, record the black experience and ultimately the costing case, black struggle. She “[is] always talking about the human condition – about what we can endure, dream fail at and still survive.”(Matzu 23) Angelou’s early life was full of thesis, hardships; making her strong and ready to fight for. Black people , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , James Baldwin 887 Words | 3 Pages. Dascia Turner Professor Kimberly Balding English 1010: Composition One 20 September 2010 Truly Inspirational I find Dr. Maya . Angelou to be a very interesting woman. Kaizen Study. She has lived a very productive life. She rose up in the face of adversary and succeeded in making a life for herself.

Her numerous accomplishments testify to this fact. She did not come from a promising background, but she defied all the english filipino writers, odds. During her childhood, she absorbed the faith and values of a traditional African American. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Domestic violence 994 Words | 3 Pages. ? Maya Angelou Abstract Maya Angelou , the prolific African-American author, is best . known for her serial autobiography and her several volumes of poetry, which have generated great interest and critical acclaim because they embody her tenacity in overcoming social obstacles and her struggle for kaizen, self-acceptance. Maya Angelou’s life experience proved to be a repudiation of Euro-American cultural assumptions and an affirmation of thesis, African-American cultural norms. She explores the discrepancy.

Abraham Lincoln , Barack Obama , Bill Clinton 921 Words | 3 Pages. QUICK FACTS ABOUT : Maya Angelou --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Name : . Kaizen Costing Case. Maya Angelou Occupation : Author , Poet Birth Date : April 04 , 1928 (Age : 84) Education : George Washington High School , California Labor School Place of Birth : St. Louis , Missouri Originally : Marguerite Johnson Zodiac Sign : Aries ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Maya Angelou was BEST KNOWN FOR. African-American Civil Rights Movement , George Washington High School , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 844 Words | 3 Pages. Maya Angelou : Poet, Author, Actress and Dancer Maya Angelou : Poet, Author, Actress and Dancer . Noel Alford University of Phoenix Maya Angelou : Poet, Author, Actress and child Dancer On April 4th, 1928 an kaizen study extraordinary woman was born in St. Louis Missouri to the late Bailey Johnson and Vivian Baxter Johnson when they seen her gorgeous face she was given a beautiful name Marguerite Ann Johnson. At the time of her birth no one knew how great she would be in our history of poetry, novels, movies. African-American Civil Rights Movement , Alvin Ailey , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 1551 Words | 5 Pages. Prohibition 1920. Analysis of the poem, “ Still I Rise ” Maya Angelou’s poem, “ Still . Case Study. I Rise ” may contain different meanings depending on the reader who interprets it.

It is a poem that talks about keeping one’s head up no matter how hard the situation they come from and not being affected by the problems on student teaching experience the side. Maya Angelou was part of kaizen case study, a generation wherein the essay, black race was still seen as “inferior”. Kaizen Costing Case. During that time, the “truth” is usually kept hidden favoring the prohibition, more superior groups of people. Kaizen Case. Hence, the. Black people , Child abuse , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 1055 Words | 4 Pages. ? Maya Angelou Biography Poet, Author, Civil Rights Activist (1928–2014) Maya Angelou is a poet and . award-winning author known for essay filipino writers, her acclaimed memoir I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings and her numerous poetry and essay collections. Synopsis Born on April 4, 1928, in St. Louis, Missouri, writer and civil rights activist Maya Angelou is known for her 1969 memoir, I Know Why the kaizen costing, Caged Bird Sings, which made literary history as the first nonfiction best-seller by an African-American woman. In 1971, Angelou. African-American Civil Rights Movement , Barack Obama , Bill Clinton 1473 Words | 6 Pages. I choose “ Still I Rise ”, by Mya Angelou because of the inspiration and strength that . Child Thesis. arises from it when it as it is read, which syncs with that of my own.

The first time I heard it was in an assembly of minority young women during a Black History month celebration presentation. Kaizen Costing. The lights were deeming as a screen of cover letter, Angelou reciting her poem through a projection. It showed of kaizen study, a woman recalling the student teaching letter, struggles of her ancestries, which is something I was not familiar with, these struggles. I understood. Malcolm X , Martin Luther King, Jr. , Southern Christian Leadership Conference 875 Words | 3 Pages.

Close Reading Assignment #2 Christian Jacob The following passage that I have submitted to a “close” analysis shows the . Kaizen Costing. pain and thoughts of the project, author as she replays the feelings she had as she is reflexing and kaizen costing study reminded of the conditions she and other Blacks were going through. “Then I wished that Gabriel Prosser and Nat Turner had killed all the whitefolks in their beds and that Abraham Lincoln had been assassinated before the signing of the ict coursework project, Emancipation Proclamation, and that Harriet. Abraham Lincoln , Black people , Emancipation Proclamation 893 Words | 3 Pages. Sohyun Kim Mr. Sayed ENG 3U0- 7 October 2011 Analysis of “ Still I Rise ” The theme in . Maya Angelou's poem Still I Rise emphasizes a strong African-American perspective to kaizen case study, illustrate how hardships of past events can give confidence for one to overcome them. Angelou has written this poem in an African American’s point of view, and herself as well. She has written this poem in the screwtape essay, first person because it portrays more emotion than a poem in third person point of view.

For example, the second stanza. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 519 Words | 2 Pages. Kaizen Costing Case Study. Essay of Poem Still I Rise by Maya Angelou. understand life and their situations. The purpose of filipino, this writing is to kaizen case, discuss a literary work through a personal experience. Labour Thesis. The poem that will be . discussed in this essay will be “ Still I Rise ” by case study Maya Angelou . English Essay Filipino Writers. This is her famous poem ever known. Kaizen Study. This author is gcse a very good writer, I am reading her poems for the first time and I liked her poems so much.

This poem suggests that we can overcome difficulties in life, despite rejections and injustice. It also discusses racism and all the problems black people. Black people , Literature , Maya Angelou 618 Words | 2 Pages. Still I Rise by kaizen costing study Maya Angelou Literary Analysis Essay. In the poem ‘ Still I Rise ’ by Maya Angelou , the poet uses repetition, metaphors and . similes to the screwtape essay, express to her audience about kaizen, how she has overcome racism in her life through demonstrating a strong, proud and defiant attitude to inspire others. The poet uses repetition of the word ‘ rise ’ to show that she has overcome and risen above racism. In the line, ‘you may trod me in the very dirt but still , like dust ill rise ’ it expresses to the reader one of the key ideas in english, her poem, that no matter how. Analogy , Maya Angelou , Metaphor 741 Words | 2 Pages. Maya Angelou Biography Maya Angelou is an amazing American author, poet, entertainer, actress, . playwright, producer and director, historian and civil rights activist. She is costing case best known for her portrayals of gcse 2, strong African American women.

Born April 4, 1928 in St. Louis, Missouri. Maya Angelou's given name was Marguerite Johnson, Maya and her brother Bailey spent most of their childhood living with their grandmother in rural Arkansas. Maya grew up in Stamps and learned what it was like to. Case. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 951 Words | 3 Pages. Still I Rise - Maya Angelou (Reading Log) Still I Rise Maya Angelou The poem ‘ Still I . Rise ’ written by American author Maya Angelou is gcse project written from the perspective of costing study, Maya herself. She is speaking to her audience of oppressors about how she has overcome racism, criticism, sexism, and personal obstacles in mental health promotion, her life with pride and grace. Kaizen Costing Case Study. It describes her personal struggle through life and how she managed to pull through and how she will continue on her life journey. This poem is mental health promotion essay historically rooted with mentions of slavery, a “past of costing study, pain”. African American , Black people , Maya Angelou 885 Words | 2 Pages. Maya Angelou : A woman of hope “ I decided many years ago to invent myself.

I had obviously been . invented by teaching letter someone else – by a whole society – and I didn’t like their invention”, said Maya Angelou , a subaltern woman with strong determination to costing case, overcome all the obstacles in her life. A Subaltern is a primarily British military term for a junior officer, literally means “subordinate”. In critical theory and post colonialism, subaltern is a social group who is socially, politically, geographically. African-American Civil Rights Movement , Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 1463 Words | 4 Pages. Maria Alejandra Silva Ms. Bailey English I Block A 17 January 2013 Maya Angelou , within amazing stories has . Gcse Project 2. revealed the importance of perseverance, staying strong in costing, moments of struggle, having the will to overcome difficulties, as well as having dreams that sometimes seem unreachable and 2 yet believing that it is a gift to survive.

In many of her motivating quotes, she expresses, “I’m always inspired by men and women who rise …That ability to kaizen costing case study, rise is nobleness of the human spirit.” This clearly. Cotton , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , Life 1257 Words | 4 Pages. Maya Angelou Maya Angelou , born Magarite Johnson, was and ict coursework project author, playwright, . professional stage and screen performer, and kaizen case a singer. She has written five volumes of autobiography, four volumes of poetry as well as written plays, screenplays, and mental promotion essay numerous periodical articles. She has overcome a difficult and traumatic childhood to become a prize-winning poet and kaizen costing study author of several best-selling autobiographies. “Dr. Maya Angelou is one of the english, most renowned and costing case influential voices of our. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Barack Obama 1027 Words | 3 Pages. Legacy of Maya Angelou Maya Angelou , an inspirational American author, poet, and civil rights . activist, was born on April 4, 1928 in St. Louis, Missouri, and died on mental promotion essay May 28, 2014 at the age of 86. Growing up, Angelou endured an kaizen costing case abounding number of hardships from racism to sexism and poverty.

However, regardless of the numerous hardships she encountered throughout her life, she still managed to be successful. Angelou received several honors for her outstanding literary work. Maya Angelou is a significant. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Barack Obama 706 Words | 3 Pages. ? Maya Angelou was a black child living with her grandmother in the American south in english essay, the 1930’s. In her autobiography . “ I know why the caged bird sings” she takes the reader on a journey throughout her childhood, growing up where racism towards the black people was rife. The opening lines introduce a crucial theme heavily laced with rhythm, dialect, alliteration and imagery. Kaizen Costing Study. It shows Maya’s natural gift on her use of language and her use of upbeat, gentle self-deprecation that she uses when she writes. Black people , Child , Love 1941 Words | 5 Pages. Gcse Ict Coursework 2. Smith Language Arts 10 – Period 6 8 December 2011 Maya Angelou Maya Angelou is a black female . who had a tragic childhood, but fought through it and kaizen ended up extremely influential, prestigious, and successful. She spent her childhood being tossed back and forth between California and Alabama with her older brother.

During her middle years she had to learn how to grow up fast and make a living on her own. American poet/writer Maya Angelou pulled through a difficult life to write beautiful poetry. African-American Civil Rights Movement , George Washington High School , I Know Why the student teaching cover letter, Caged Bird Sings 1173 Words | 4 Pages. Study. Maya Angelou and Langston Hughes, pillars of society. Hughes nor Maya Angelou were just poets in health promotion, the world of the twentieth century but instead heroes and leaders who showed the world . Costing Study. that race wasn't what made you but whom you are instead. Though both grew up during times and events in the screwtape essay, the world, both have similar ideas while also different. Though both poets were put down by society, neither let what people said get to them. Both instead wrote poems about how what people say doesn't matter. Maya told those people that despite what you say, I will still. Kaizen Study. African American , African American writers , African-American Civil Rights Movement 1016 Words | 5 Pages.

Maya Angelou Marguerite Ann Johnson was born on April 4, 1928 in St. Louis, Missouri. After her parents divorced, she and her . older brother Bailey lived with their grandmother in the racially segregated town of ict coursework, Stamps, Arkansas. Kaizen Costing Study. In this town and english essay filipino during this time, African Americans depended on one another for social, economic and religious sustenance. Marguerite and Bailey formed a strong bond; it was during their youth that he gave her the nickname Maya . At the age of seven, Maya was molested. Costing Case Study. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Bantam Books 1108 Words | 3 Pages. Song Flung Up to Heaven”, which was published in 2002, begins with Maya Angelou’s return from Africa in 1965, shortly before the assassination . of Malcolm X, with whom she had intended to work with.

The book covers those devastating periods of her life in 2, civil rights work as the kaizen costing case, northern coordinator for Marin Luther King, as well as other events of the 1960s. People died and get injured, and thousands of people got arrested. Angelou vividly recalls scenes of rioting in english essay filipino, the Watts area of Los Angeles. Kaizen Costing Case Study. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 839 Words | 3 Pages. Sujet Maya Angelou , an African American writer, is visiting Ghana, in Africa, for the first time. After a few . seconds of studying me, the woman lifted both arms and lacing her fingers together clasped her hands and put them on the top of her head. She rocked a little from side to side and issued a pitiful little moan. In Arkansas, when I was a child, if my brother or I put our hands on our heads as the woman before me was doing, my grandmother would stop in her work and come to remove. Maya Angelou , Slavery , Woman 2146 Words | 6 Pages.

Maya Angelou is one of the most famous African-American women figures. As well as an inspiring figure as a poet, . Maya is also well known to have been a great actress, educator, historian, author, playwright, director and producer. At the time of Dr. Gcse. Martin Luther King Jr., Maya was also inspired to become involved in the civil rights movement. Maya Angelou's former name was Marguerite Ann Johnson. Case Study. Maya got the nickname from her older brother bailey, which had a speech issue and couldn't pronounce. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Bayard Rustin 925 Words | 3 Pages. Maya Angelou: A Remarkable Renaissance Woman. ? Maya Angelou : A Remarkable Renaissance Woman Maya Angelou : A . Mental Health Essay. Remarkable Renaissance Woman Maya Angelou is a poet, educator, historian, best-selling author, actress, playwright, civil-rights activist, producer and director. Throughout Angelou’s writings, she expresses the kaizen costing case, realities of letters, growing up in difficult circumstances and has now become one of the most influential figures of American literature. The works of Angelou reflect the kaizen, strength of student cover, womanhood and. African American , African American poets , African-American Civil Rights Movement 1356 Words | 4 Pages.

Maya Angelou is a phenomenal woman. Kaizen Costing. She was born into a devastating decade, that suffered numerous tragedies. Not only had . society shaped her as a woman, she has also shaped our society and influenced many lives. She is still living today, yet I believe her legend will never die. Promotion. Furthermore I will share with you what motivated her and kaizen costing study some of her gratifying experiences. How she was effected by society, and what she did about it. Also how the time period she was born into made her the extraordinary. Prohibition. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou , Oprah Winfrey 1248 Words | 3 Pages. Poetry Analysis Poor Girl by Maya Angelou. can love you like I love you! Maya Angelou , the kaizen costing case, author of the poem, “Poor Girl,” wrote a poem illustrating her . English Essay Filipino. loneliness and costing study hurt from the loss of an ex-boyfriend.

This poem is about Maya , who also went through similar experiences of loss with an ex-boyfriend. Now it seems like the man is essay just using this new love as a rebound to forget about Maya ; however, Maya knows that he is going to break the girl’s heart, just like he broke hers, and costing case study she is going to prohibition 1920, feel the pain Maya feels. Kaizen. The poor girl. American films , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles , Debut albums 878 Words | 3 Pages. Mental Health Promotion. The Importance of Determination: Comparison Between “Mother to Son” by: Langston Hughes and case study Still I Rise by: Maya Angelou. overcome the obstacles that stand in their way. “Mother to Son” by Langston Hughes and “ Still I Rise ” by health promotion essay . Maya Angelou are two different works written by two different authors yet they both convey the costing case, same message. Together, the two authors stress the significance of pushing harder when faced with conflicts rather than simply giving up. Labour. Using figurative language and kaizen costing case study repetition, Langston Hughes and Maya Angelou effectively emphasize this message in both of their poems. Essays Prohibition. In both poems, both authors. James Baldwin , Maya Angelou , Metaphor 686 Words | 2 Pages. Maya , a Poetic Angel Just one person can have an evident effect, good or bad, on the lives of many people.

One person who has influenced . the lives of millions is Maya Angelou , a world-renown African-American author and costing case poet. She has battled with struggles such as racism, sexism, and gcse project 2 prejudice all of her life. Angelou quotes, “I've learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.” With her courage and determination. African American , Afro-Latin American , Black people 2338 Words | 6 Pages. How Do Maya Angelou and Grace Nichols Communicate What It Means to Be a Black Woman in Today's Society? How do Maya Angelou and kaizen case Grace Nichols communicate what it means to english filipino writers, be a black woman in kaizen costing case study, today’s society? In this essay . I will compare two poems. The two poems I will compare is Maya Angelou’s ‘ Still I rise ’ to Grace Nichols’ ‘Of course when they ask for the screwtape letters, poems about the ‘realities’ of costing, Black women’. I think Maya Angelou’s ‘ Still in rise ’ has a rather different message to Grace Nichols’ poem. I think they are interesting to the screwtape essay, compare because Maya Angelo is lively and spirited about writing a poem about.

Black people , Miscegenation , Race 3219 Words | 7 Pages. This poem is costing case written with Maya Angelou herself as the speaker. She is speaking to her audience of oppressors about gcse ict coursework project, how she has . Case. overcome racism, criticism, sexism, and personal obstacles in her life with pride and child grace. This poem is kaizen historically rooted with the student teaching experience cover letter, mentions of slavery, a “past of pain,” and “gifts of ancestors,” however she is kaizen case speaking in the present having overcome all of the hardships of her past and embarking on the rest of her journey with the knowledge that she is a strong African. African American , Black people , Race 600 Words | 2 Pages. And Still I Rise/Presents from My Aunt in Pakistan Comparrison. The poem `and still I rise ` was written by Maya Angelou in the 1960’s in America. Child Labour Thesis. . During which time the black civil rights movement was very prominent and Dr Angelou was a very prominent part of it. Costing Study. Coming off the back of years of slavery of her people due to there skin colour and years of oppression she herself may have faced due to essays prohibition 1920, her gender Dr Angelou had a lot to say. The poem `presents from costing case, my Aunt in Pakistan` was written by Pakistani born poet Moniza Alvi who currently resides in London.

Bangladesh , Feeling , Maya Angelou 1094 Words | 3 Pages. Maya Angelou - Yet to be United States. When Dr. Maya Angelou read her poem, On the Pulse of mental health promotion, Morning, written especially for President Bill Clinton's inauguration in . Case. 1993, the 'best kept secret in literary circles' was thoughtfully revealed to the whole world. She is child labour arguably the most influential woman of her race, but there is more to costing, Maya Angelou than being an African American female. Prohibition. Born Marguerite Johnson in St. Costing. Louis in 1928, she has lived many lives in one, escaped a torturous and impoverished childhood to become a performing. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou 1194 Words | 4 Pages. Still I rise Introduction: Good morning, Mrs. Roberts and experience classmate.

Today I am going to perform . the poem” Still I rise ” by Maya Angelou . Firstly, I would like to costing, talk briefly the experience cover, poet. Maya Angelou was born in 1928. At a young age Maya had to deal with many issues such as rape her identity as a black person. Kaizen. However, encouraged by her grandmother, who introduced her to literature and she gradually emerged as a talented artist. In the labour thesis, 1960s, Angelou began to focus on costing study writing. She became one. African American , Metaphor , Meter 716 Words | 2 Pages. ENC 1102 16 October 2012 Still I Rise In the child thesis, poem “ Still I Rise ” by . Kaizen Costing Case. Maya Angelou , Angelou uses strong words to describe how she feels. She uses words like sassiness, haughtiness, and sexiness, to describe herself. Mental Promotion Essay. She asks her enemy does her sassiness, haughtiness, and sexiness upset or offends them. Angelou is speaking to kaizen case, her audience of oppressors about 1920, how she had overcome racism, criticism, sexism, and personal obstacles in her life with pride and costing grace.

Angelou uses literary elements such. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou , Poetry 636 Words | 2 Pages.

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essays about values Strategic Leadership and Decision Making. Values and ethics are central to any organization; those operating in the national security arena are no exception. What exactly do we mean by values and ethics? Both are extremely broad terms, and we need to focus in on the aspects most relevant for strategic leaders and decision makers.

What we will first discuss is the distinctive nature of kaizen costing ethics for public officials; second, the experience cover letter, forces which influence the ethical behavior of individuals in costing organizations; and third, explore the actions strategic leaders can take to build ethical climates in teaching cover their organizations. THE CHARACTER OF VALUES AND ETHICS. Values can be defined as those things that are important to kaizen costing case study, or valued by someone. That someone can be an individual or, collectively, an essays prohibition 1920, organization. Kaizen Costing? One place where values are important is in relation to vision. One of the imperatives for mental health, organizational vision is that it must be based on kaizen costing, and consistent with the organization's core values.

In one example of a vision statement we'll look at experience cover letter, later, the organization's core values - in this case, integrity, professionalism, caring, teamwork, and stewardship - were deemed important enough to be included with the statement of the kaizen costing, organization's vision. Dr. John Johns, in an article entitled The Ethical Dimensions of National Security, mentions honesty and loyalty as values that are the ingredients of integrity. Prohibition? When values are shared by all members of an organization, they are extraordinarily important tools for making judgments, assessing probable outcomes of contemplated actions, and choosing among alternatives. Perhaps more important, they put all members on the same sheet of music with regard to what all members as a body consider important. The Army, in 1986, had as the costing case, theme for the year values, and listed four organizational values -loyalty, duty, selfless service, and integrity-and four individual values - commitment, competence, candor, and courage. Student Teaching Cover Letter? A Department of the Army pamphlet entitled Values: The Bedrock of Our Profession spent some time talking about the importance of values , and included this definition: Values are what we, as a profession, judge to be right.

They are more than words-they are the moral, ethical, and professional attributes of character . . . there are certain core values that must be instilled in members of the U.S. Army-civilian and uniformed soldier alike. These are not the only values that should determine our character, but they are ones that are central to our profession and should guide our lives as we serve our Nation. Values are the embodiment of what an organization stands for, and should be the basis for case, the behavior of its members. However, what if members of the organization do not share and have not internalized the organization's values? Obviously, a disconnect between individual and organizational values will be dysfunctional. Additionally, an prohibition 1920, organization may publish one set of values, perhaps in an effort to push forward a positive image, while the values that really guide organizational behavior are very different. When there is a disconnect between stated and kaizen costing study operating values , it may be difficult to determine what is acceptable.

For example, two of the essays prohibition, Army's organizational values include candor and courage. One might infer that officers are encouraged to have the courage of their convictions and speak their disagreements openly. Kaizen Study? In some cases, this does work; in english essay filipino others it does not. The same thing works at the level of the society. The principles by which the society functions do not necessarily conform to the principles stated. Those in power may covertly allow the use of kaizen costing force to suppress debate in order to remain in power. (death squads are an ict coursework project 2, example.) In some organizations, dissent may be rewarded by termination-the organizational equivalent of death squad action. In others, a group member may be ostracized or expelled. Group members quickly learn the operating values , or they don't survive for long.

To the costing, extent they differ from stated values , the organization will not only suffer from writers, doing things less effectively, but also from the cynicism of kaizen costing case study its members, who have yet another reason for mistrusting the filipino, leadership, or doubting its wisdom. VALUES PROVIDE THE BASIS FOR JUDGMENTS ABOUT WHAT IS IMPORTANT FOR THE ORGANIZATION TO SUCCEED IN ITS CORE BUSINESS. So, there are some disconnects, and these disconnects create problems. However, the case study, central purpose of values remains. They state either an actual or an idealized set of criteria for evaluating options and deciding what is appropriate, based on long experience. The relevance of the Army's values , for example, is apparent.

When soldiers may be called upon to expose themselves to mortal danger in the performance of their duty, they must be absolutely able to trust their fellow soldiers (to do their fair share and to help in gcse 2 the event of costing case study need) and their leaders (to guard them from unnecessary risk). So the Army's values prescribe conditions that facilitate trust, a necessary element in willingness to face danger. Without trust, risk tolerance will be low, as will combat effectiveness. TO BEHAVE ETHICALLY IS TO BEHAVE IN A MANNER THAT IS CONSISTENT WITH WHAT IS GENERALLY CONSIDERED TO BE RIGHT OR MORAL. ETHICAL BEHAVIOR IS THE BEDROCK OF MUTUAL TRUST. So how do values relate to ethics , and what do we mean by ethics? One of the keys is in the phrase we quoted above from the DA pamphlet: Values are what we, as a profession, judge to be right. Individually or organizationally, values determine what is right and what is wrong, and doing what is essay filipino right or wrong is what we mean by kaizen costing study ethics. To behave ethically is to filipino, behave in kaizen costing case a manner consistent with what is right or moral . Student Experience? What does generally considered to be right mean? That is a critical question, and part of the kaizen costing study, difficulty in prohibition deciding whether or not behavior is ethical is in determining what is right or wrong.

Perhaps the first place to look in kaizen study determining what is right or wrong is society. Virtually every society makes some determination of morally correct behavior. In Islamic countries, a determination of what is right or moral is tied to religious strictures. In societies more secular, the influence of religious beliefs may be less obvious, but still a key factor. In the United States much of what is believed to be right or wrong is based in Judeo-Christian heritage. The Ten Commandments, for many people, define what is morally right or wrong.

Societies not only regulate the the screwtape essay, behavior of their members, but also define their societal core values. Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness represent core American values. Experience often has led societies to develop beliefs about what is of value for kaizen costing, the common good. Child? (Note that societies differ from one another in kaizen costing case the specifics, but not in english filipino the general principles.) One example is the case study, notion of reciprocity. (One good deed deserves another.) Another is the notion of good intent. The Screwtape Letters? (A gentleman's word is his bond.) Yet, a third is the notion of appreciation of merit in others regardless of kaizen study personal feelings. (Give the Devil his due.) These all contain implied shoulds about how people interact and behave toward one another in groups, organizations, and societies. These shoulds define collective effort because they are fundamental to trust and to team relationships that entail risk. The greater the potential risk, the more important ethical practices become.

Organizations, to some extent, define what is right or wrong for thesis, the members of the organization. Ethical codes, such as West Point's A cadet will not lie, cheat, or steal, or tolerate those who do, make clear what the organization considers to be right or wrong. To quote again from the DA Pamphlet, Values: The Bedrock of Our Profession, statements such as : Loyalty to kaizen costing, the Nation, to the Army, and to the unit is essential. Selfless service puts the welfare of the essays prohibition 1920, Nation and the accomplishment of the assigned mission before individual welfare. All who serve the Nation must resist the temptation to pursue self-gain, personal advantage, and self-interest ahead of the kaizen costing study, collective good. [Integrity] is the basis for trust and confidence that must exist between the leaders and the led. Furthermore, integrity is demonstrated by propriety in one's personal life. are unequivocal statements of what the Army considers to be ethical behavior.

What does generally considered to be right mean? All one needs to do is to look at the positive values of letters society and costing study the organizations one belongs to, and what is right or wrong should be evident. There is another aspect to be considered, however, and that is the influence of societal or organizational norms. Norms are the unstated rules, usually informally reached by the members of a group, which govern the behavior of the group's members. Norms often have a greater effect on what is and isn't done by the members of a group than formal rules and regulations. The reason norms are important for a discussion of ethics and mental health essay values is that norms may allow or even encourage certain behavior as OK that is not in keeping with society's or an case, organization's stated values. When there is thesis a disconnect between stated and operating values, it may be difficult to determine what is right. An example might be a company that has among its stated values to study, treat everyone with dignity and respect, but whose norms have permitted and perhaps even encouraged a pattern of sexual harassment over a number of years. Do those in the organization know that the behavior is wrong, but condone it nevertheless? Is it clear to letters, the Bosnian Serbs that ethnic cleansing is unethical and wrong, or would it fall under the costing, mantle of behavior that is considered to the screwtape, be acceptable in case study that society? Listen to the arguments in support of ethnic cleansing that have been made, and you will find that many of the perpetrators argued that they did nothing wrong, and were only righting previous wrongs done to them.

If ethics and morality are important for groups and essays prohibition 1920 organizations, they should also be important for public officials, and for very much the same reasons. York Willbern, in an article entitled Types and case study Levels of Public Morality, argues for six types or levels of morality (or ethics) for public officials. By public officials, he means those who are in essays prohibition policy making positions in public institutions; in other words, strategic decision makers in the government, including the national security arena. Case? The six levels he differentiates are: basic honesty and conformity to law; conflicts of interest; service orientation and procedural fairness; the ethic of democratic responsibility; the ethic of public policy determination; and the ethic of compromise and social integration. WILLBERN'S LEVEL OF PUBLIC MORALITY. ETHIC OF COMPROMISE AND SOCIAL INTEGRATION ETHIC OF PUBLIC POLICY DETERMINATION ETHIC OF DEMOCRATIC RESPONSIBILITY SERVICE ORIENTATION AND PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS CONFLICT OF INTEREST BASIC HONESTY AND CONFORMITY TO LAW. BASIC HONESTY AND CONFORMITY TO LAW.

The public servant is essay writers morally bound, just as are other persons, to tell the truth, to keep promises, to respect the person and the property of others, and to abide by the requirements of the case, law (Willbern). Prohibition 1920? In many ways, this level only describes the basic adherence to moral codes that is expected of all members of a group or society. There are some basics of case behavior that are expected of all if a society is to function for the collective good. For public officials, there is an additional reason why it is important to adhere to 1920, these basic moral codes and laws: they have more power than the average member of the study, society, and hence more opportunity for violation of essays prohibition 1920 those codes or laws. There also is the negative example that misconduct by public officials provides. CONFLICT OF INTEREST.

This relates to public officials, because it deals with the conflict between advancing the public interest, which a public official is charged to do, and advancing one's self-interest. The duty here is to ensure that the kaizen case study, public interest comes first, and that one does not advance his own personal interest at the expense of the public. Willbern uses embezzlement of public funds, bribery, and contract kickbacks as examples of pursuing personal interests at the expense of those of the essays, public. The requirements for public officials to divest themselves of kaizen case investments that might be influenced by the performance of their duties (or put them in trust) and to recuse themselves in situations where they have a personal interest are designed to help public officials avoid conflicts of interest. Ultimately, it still comes down to the screwtape essay, the individual making an ethical decision. Avoidance of conflict of kaizen costing interest is promotion essay often difficult because it is often hard to separate personal and public interests, and because individuals as private citizens are encouraged to pursue private interests through any legal means. Kaizen Costing Study? One of the areas where there is the greatest potential for conflicts of interest is where public officials deal with private organizations which are pursuing their private interests, and where any decision by a public official on mental health essay, allocation of resources will favor some private interest. The fields of government contracting and acquisition are two areas where the possibility of conflicts of kaizen case interest is high.

SERVICE ORIENTATION AND PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS. This level relates closely to the last, and deals with the responsibility of public officials to ensure their actions serve the public, and that the power they wield is used only for that purpose. It is easy to abuse the power that comes with public office. Labour Thesis? Procedural safeguards are designed to prevent that abuse. The moral obligation of public servants is to costing study, follow established procedures, and project 2 not to use their power to circumvent those procedures for their own convenience or benefit. Power must be used fairly and for the benefit of the public. One can again think of examples of public officials who have violated this moral charge by using their influence and power for their own benefit or for the benefit of special interest groups, or who have circumvented established procedures for their own benefit or convenience. One frequent example is the use of study government vehicles or aircraft for nonofficial business.

These first three levels of public morality share one important characteristic: they all relate to the behavior or conduct of public officials. These three levels are the areas that get most of the attention in essays 1920 discussions of ethics, this is where public officials are most likely to get in trouble. However, there are three additional levels of public morality equally important. These deal with the content of what public officials do, the moral choices involved in costing case deciding what to prohibition, do, in pursuing the purposes of the kaizen costing, state and labour thesis the society (Willbern). THE ETHIC OF DEMOCRATIC RESPONSIBILITY. Study? Given that public officials are operating within a democratic system, they either are elected by the people or appointed by letters essay an elected official.

This confers upon them the obligation to carry out the kaizen costing, will of the people. However, public officials also have the responsibility to make moral choices consistent with their own values, and that may be in conflict with what they perceive to be the will of the people. Willbern contends that the public official acts according to essays prohibition, his or her own judgment, rationalizing that it would be the will of the people if they were well enough informed on the issue. To give one example of this level of public morality, consider whether or not the representative in Congress is kaizen study morally bound to support policies and legislation which his constituents overwhelmingly support but he personally opposes. THE ETHIC OF PUBLIC POLICY DETERMINATION. This level involves the the screwtape letters, most difficult ethical choices, because it concerns making moral judgments about public policies. The responsibility is to make moral policies; the difficulty is in determining how moral a policy is. Kaizen Costing Case? Public policies almost always deal with very complex issues, where ethical choices are rarely clear, and it is often difficult to determine if a policy is essay right or wrong. For example, many public policies deal with the distribution of limited resources. Is it right or wrong to slash funding for one program, or to increase funding for another? In almost any decision, there will be winners and losers, and case there will be some benefit for some and cost to others.

Right and wrong may not apply. Equity and fairness are important considerations, but not always easy to discern. The determination of teaching cover how much funding to provide for national security, and study which social programs to fund, involves ethical choices of the most difficult type. What is the difference between equality and equity? Consider the controversy around affirmative action programs: are they examples of moral public policies?

THE ETHIC OF COMPROMISE AND SOCIAL INTEGRATION. This final level deals with an area not as salient as some of the others. Child Labour? It deals with the necessity for compromise in a society. A society with irreconcilable differences on fundamental issues will be torn apart. Hence, it becomes a moral obligation of public officials to kaizen study, engage in give and take, working toward compromise in gcse ict coursework the policies they develop.

One often sees legislators in our political system establishing positions where they may not get all they want from study, particular legislation, but will settle for some of what they want. Willbern contends that compromise, rather than standing on principle, is moral, because without compromise there will be discord and conflict, and disintegration rather than integration of the child labour thesis, society. Public officials are given the trust of the public to develop and carry out policies that are in costing case the public's best interest. Living up to this trust has a significant impact on the national will; public confidence is essential to the exercise of national power. English Writers? Public officials have a moral duty to act in a trustworthy manner. Why, then, do individuals behave unethically? One reason is the costing study, complexity of the issues leaders deal with, and the difficulty in many instances of determining which is the most ethical alternative. There are several systemic factors.

One is the competition for scarce resources. It is easy to slip into unethical acts to gain a competitive advantage in the race for position or power. A second is conflicting loyalties, which Johns labels the most troublesome ethical dilemma facing public officials. The Iran Contra affair is a case of unethical behavior on the part of North, Poindexter, Secord, and McFarlane because of misplaced loyalty to the executive chain of command. Johns also identifies systemic factors in groups and teams which can lead to unethical behavior. One is groupthink , which can occur in a homogeneous group with a strong leader. A second is the presence of idealogues: individuals who view their own extreme positions as right and any opposing positions as wrong.

A third is the organization's response to dissent. Ict Coursework Project? There are few incentives for whistleblowers or those who try to expose unethical behavior in organizations. Organizational norms encourage going along and discourage questioning the unethical actions of others. This can quickly compromise ethical standards in any organization. CAUSES OF UNETHICAL BEHAVIOR. COMPLEXITY OF STRATEGIC ISSUES OBSCURES ETHICS COMPETITION FOR SCARCE RESOURCES/ POWER/POSITION CONFLICTING LOYALTIES. GROUPTHINK PRESENCE OF IDEALOGUES NEGATIVE ORGANIZATIONAL RESPONSE TO DISSENT. Kenneth R. Andrews, in Ethics in case Practice, contends that there are three aspects to ethical behavior in organizations: the development of the individual as an 1920, ethical person, the costing case study, effect of the organization as an ethical or unethical environment, and the actions or procedures developed by the organization to encourage ethical behavior and discourage unethical behavior. INFLUENCES ON ETHICAL BEHAVIOR.

PRIOR DEVELOPMENT OF INDIVIDUAL AS ETHICAL PERSON. THE ORGANIZATION AS AN ETHICAL ENVIRONMENT. PROCEDURES THAT ENCOURAGE ETHICAL BEHAVIOR. Most of an individual's ethical development occurs before entering an organization. The influence of family, church, community, and labour thesis school will determine individual values.

The organization, to a large extent, is dealing with individuals whose value base has been established. This might imply that ethical organizations are those fortunate enough to bring in ethical individuals, while unethical organizations brought in unethical people. Kaizen Costing Case? But it is not that simple. 2? While the internalized values of individuals are important, the organization has a major impact on the behavior of its members, and can have a positive or negative influence on their values. Kaizen Costing? One example of the development of ethical individuals is the service academies. Gcse Project? In their admissions processes, the academies attempt to get individuals of good character with the values integral to case, the military profession. However, the student teaching experience cover letter, academies also recognize that their core values may be different than those prevalent in society, and costing they devote considerable effort to the development and internalization of their core values. Gcse Project 2? As is case evident from periodic breaches of integrity at the academies, e.g., cheating scandals, these attempts to english filipino, instill core values do not always succeed. There are three qualities individuals must possess to make ethical decisions.

The first is the ability to recognize ethical issues and to reason through the ethical consequences of decisions. Kaizen Costing Study? The ability to see second and third order effects, one of the elements of strategic thinking, is very important. The second is the ability to look at alternative points of view, deciding what is ict coursework 2 right in kaizen case study a particular set of circumstances. This is similar to the ability to reframe. And the third is the project 2, ability to deal with ambiguity and uncertainty; making a decision on the best information available. ATTRIBUTES FOR ETHICAL DECISIONS. SEEING SECOND- AND THIRD-ORDER CONSEQUENCES-WARGAMING ETHICAL CONSEQUENCES OF DECISIONS SEEING ALTERNATIVE POINTS OF VIEW-REFRAMING DEALING WITH AMBIGUITY AND UNCERTAINTY-MAKING DECISIONS WITH BEST INFORMATION AVAILABLE. As important as these individual characteristics are, the kaizen costing case study, influence of the organization is ict coursework project 2 equally important. The ethical standards that one observes in the organization will have a significant effect on individual behavior.

People will do what they are rewarded for doing (Andrews). The organization has its greatest impact in the standards it establishes for ethical and unethical conduct in its formal reward systems. Informal norms also have a strong influence on individuals' behavior as do the actions of the leaders of the organization. Strategic leaders must understand that their actions, more than words alone, will determine the kaizen costing study, operating values in the organization. The influence of the organizational context is letters underscored in Why Be Honest If Honesty Doesn't Pay? In this article, Bhide and Stevenson note that there often are no economic or other incentives to encourage ethical behavior and discourage unethical behavior.

They contend that it most often is the dishonest individual who gets ahead, and that cases where unethical behavior was punished are far outweighed by those in which there either were no consequences or unethical behavior was rewarded. The Gordon Ghekkos of the world (the unethical corporate executive played by Michael Douglas in the movie Wall Street) often get ahead, because they rarely are held to account for their actions. While these observations might lead one to a cynical view of ethics in organizations, Bhide and Stevenson come to a different conclusion. They see room for optimism despite the lack of financial gain for ethical behavior, or the absence of negative consequences for unethical behavior. Kaizen Costing Study? Their reasoning is based in the fact that so many people do behave ethically, in essays spite of the apparent lack of kaizen case study gain. Ethical behavior must be intrinsically rewarding; and most people behave ethically because it's the health promotion essay, right thing to kaizen, do. People are guided by their personal value systems. They often choose the harder right instead of the easier wrong specifically because of child their intrinsic values of what is right. Bhide and Stevenson make this caveat: We should remember, however, that this. works only as long as most of us live by an honorable moral compass. Since our trust isn't grounded in self-interest, it is fragile.

And, indeed, we all know of organizations, industries, and even whole societies in which trust has given way either to a destructive free-for-all or to inflexible rules and bureaucracy. Only our individual wills, our determination to do what is right, whether or not it is costing study profitable, save us from promotion essay, choosing between chaos and stagnation. Chaloupka, in Ethical Responses: How to Influence One's Organization, asserts that organization members have only three choices when confronted with unethical behavior: exit, voice, or loyalty. Exit is the kaizen costing case, most direct response: if you can't live with behavior that does not meet your own ethical standards, leave. Thesis? However, exit is not only a direct response, it is kaizen costing case study a final one, so the personal and organizational consequences must be considered. The most important personal consequences are the costs. Where do you go from there? What other options are available? How marketable are you?

Can you afford the financial loss? There are specific organizational consequences as well. Will the ethics of the organization's leaders change? Will they do business with someone else who doesn't have the ict coursework, high standards you do? In leaving, one gives up the ability to influence the organization directly. When considering exit, one must ask, Could I have had more of an impact by remaining in the organization and kaizen trying to change it from within? Voice . This means expressing discomfort with and opposition to the observed unethical behavior. To whom do you voice your objections? The obvious choice is gcse ict coursework project your supervisor. Case Study? But what if your supervisor condones the unethical behavior, or worse, is its source?

You may be jeopardizing your position, and maybe your membership in english essay filipino writers the organization. A second choice is to go to senior management. Study? This also has potential risk. The senior leadership may be condoning or even directing the unethical behavior. This action may bring your loyalty into question. If so, your objections may be covered up or ignored, and you may end up being forced out of the organization. On the other hand, it may be that the senior leadership is unaware of the unethical behavior, and essays prohibition you may have initiated an organizational response eliminating unethical behavior and restoring ethical standards. A third option is to go public, to engage in whistleblowing.

This is also risky, because it can lead to reprisals with negative consequences. The level of risk depends on the commitment of the organization to high ethical standards and on its willingness to encourage whistleblowing in case its own best interests. Student Cover Letter? Many organizations have shown commitment to ferreting out unethical individuals and study maintaining high ethical standards by 1920 establishing procedures for anonymous reporting of case ethical breaches and safeguards to protect whistleblowers. Exit and voice may be combined. An individual resigns in protest and goes public with his or her reasons for gcse project 2, leaving. This leaves the case study, individual vulnerable to the label of an employee who quit before being fired, but it also can lead to increased credibility as someone acting on conviction in spite of personal cost. Exit combined with voice is most effective if taken by someone at the upper levels of the organization. An organization can more easily ignore the exit + voice of a lower level employee than it can the resignation of a strategic leader, followed immediately by a press conference. The widely publicized resignation of former President Bush from the National Rifle Association over what he viewed as extreme actions is an example of project 2 exit combined with voice. Costing? It undoubtedly had a much greater effect on the NRA than the letters, resignation of someone less well known and respected. The resignation of James Webb as Secretary of the Navy is another example of effective exit combined with voice.

Loyalty . The final response to unethical behavior in an organization is loyalty. This is the alternative to exit. Instead of leaving, the individual remains and tries to change the organization from within. Loyalty thus discourages or delays exit. Loyalty also may discourage public voice, since being loyal to the organization means trying to solve problems from within without causing public embarrassment or damage. Loyalty can also encourage unethical behavior, particularly in organizations which promote loyalty above all. These organizations discourage exit and voice, and basically want their members to go along with organizational practices.

An interesting question is, Can an individual be loyal to an organization by costing engaging in exit or voice as a response to unethical behavior? Chaloupka maintains that both exit and voice must exist for continued organizational effectiveness. Additionally, an organization cannot maintain high ethical standards without mechanisms for eliminating unethical behavior. English? Also, loyalty is not always a virtue. Loyalty should be predicated on the organization's ethical demonstration that it is worthy of loyalty. If the organization condones unethical behavior, it relieves the individual of any responsibility to be loyal. BUILDING AN ETHICAL CLIMATE. How can the strategic leaders of an organization build an ethical climate? Andrews suggests a number of steps that foster corporate ethics. First are the kaizen case, actions of the strategic leadership and the way they deal with ethical issues. The Screwtape Letters Essay? The pattern of costing study top leaders' behavior determines organizational values.

A second step is to make explicit ethics policies. Ethical codes are one common example. The next step is to increase awareness of how to apply those ethical codes. Training on how to deal with situations with an ethical dimension, and how to anticipate situations that involve ethical choices, can go a long way toward ethical institutional practices. Another step to increase the salience of ethics is to expand the information system to letter, focus on areas where ethics may come into play. Knowing what actually is going on in the organization is essential to understanding the ethical principles which govern behavior. The information system should also support ethical behavior, and allow the strategic leader to kaizen, know when or where there are potential ethical breaches so that corrective action can be taken. The real danger is that when unethical behavior is unnoticed, or not punished, members will assume it is condoned by the organization's leadership. Establishing moral principles means determining the teaching experience, core values which should guide the organization.

O'Brien suggests four for consideration: localness, merit, openness, and leanness. By localness, he means adopting a philosophy of pushing power down to the lowest level possible, and encouraging initiative and autonomy. By merit, he means directing actions toward the overall goals of the organization, and costing case what is best for all. English Filipino? By openness, he means being forthright and honest in all dealings. And by leanness, he means efficient use of resources and economies when possible. ULTIMATELY, THE QUEST FOR ORGANIZATIONAL TRANSFORMATION MUST BEGIN WITH A PERSONAL COMMITMENT WITHIN EACH INDIVIDUAL TO PURSUE MORAL EXCELLENCE. Encouraging leaders to pursue their own moral development is critical at kaizen study, higher levels because strategic leaders set the moral climate for the organization.

O'Brien believes that moral development is mental even more important than professional development. Creating a culture based on moral excellence requires a commitment among managers to kaizen case, embody and student teaching develop two qualities in kaizen costing study their leadership: virtue and wisdom. The Screwtape? However, creating an organization characterized by moral excellence is a lengthy process. Kaizen Study? It involves changing organizational culture, discussed in the next chapter.