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Book Report: The London Eye Mystery. Please log in to add your comment. Toefl Essay? Transcript of where, Book Report: The London Eye Mystery. This novel takes place in London, on the London Eye, and in the Sparks family house and guide neighborhood during current times. The London Eye is a ferris wheel in the middle of London as a tourist attraction. The main idea, or plot of the story is that the buy uk essays, Floods family is toefl essay going to New York and make my assignment is staying with their relatives, the Sparks, in essay, London waiting for their flight to NYC. While they were in London, Salim Flood went onto the London Eye alone. 21 people went on. 21 people came off. But Salim isn#39;t one of the 21 that came off. As usual, the police are no help and it is up to Ted Spark and his sister Katrina, or Kat, to find how Salim got off the Eye, where he was now, and if he was there voluntarily.

Also known as Aunt Glo, she is the mother to. Salim and divorced to Rashid. She smokes alot. and reminds me of Grace Wexler, from the Westing. Game. What is the probability that Salim ran away from make my assignment, Aunt Glo dad? I dunno, but I wouldn#39;t blame him if he had. This shows that she is like Grace because Turtle (also from the Westing Game) would like nothing better to run away from Grace, too. She gives up smoking at toefl essay guide the end because she promised Ted that she would stop if they found Salim, and they did. Essay Abbott? Throw these out. I don#39;t need these again.

She thrust her cigarette lighter and holder at me. Salim is toefl a #39;mosher#39;, or a cool dude at school. I#39;m a mosher now. He#39;s a nice guy, and o brother art thou makes friends easily like Marcus, his friend from school. Essay Guide? But then I got friendly with my mate, Marcus. His niche in the story is the victim. Had he been kidnapped? He changed his mind about leaving.It sounded like he had changed his mind about leaving and coming back to Manchester with me. Quarterly Tony Abbott? His initial plan was to go back home with Marcus and not go to NYC with his mom. He changed his mind because he knew that NYC was his fate and he had to face it. Rashid is the guide, father of Salim, divorced to Aunt Glo, and Rashid hasn#39;t been very nice to Salim lately.

In fact, Salim asked him if he could stay with him instead of going to NYC, and Rashid said no and my guess is that that hurt Salim#39;s feelings. He asked his dad if he could live with him, but he said no. Rashid and Gloria had never really talked since the write thesis definition, divorce, but since Salim was found, they decided to break the silence for Salim#39;s sake. Marcus was the toefl guide, person who smuggled Salim out of the buy uk essays, pod on the London Eye. He was Salim#39;s best friend from toefl essay, school in Manchester. Before Salim went to their school, he was a victim of the bullies. When Salim came, he befriended Marcus and plan dissertation they pulled a prank on the main bully and suddenly became the toefl essay, moshers, northern for quarterly tony abbott cool dudes. Jason Smart threw Salim#39;s sandwich on the ground saying it smelled worse than a yaks bum. The next day, Jason Smart opened his lunchbox and their were thousands of magots heaving in guide, it. turned into where essay mosher Salim supreme and since I was his friend, I guess I was a mosher too.

Katrina is often referred to as Kat throughout this book. I wished that Kat could. and toefl guide You know when mom calls Kat Katrina. Definition? She is the toefl essay, sidekick to the sleuth, Ted, and is also his brother. From the top, Kat my sister says. She is a rebellious teenager that skipped school in the beginning of this book. It says you were missing last week, without a sick note. She is really mean to her brother throughout the book. Oh, grow up Ted. Buy Uk Essays? Ted is a real thinker. Has a brain with a different operating system. He has a syndrome that makes his brain process information faster and put certain things together faster.

Has a brain with a different operating system. In exchange for toefl all those great things, he lost his ability to o brother where art thou, read body language like a smile or a frown. Toefl? I have a basic 5 point code to reading peoples body language. Ted is the sleuth, or detective in where essay, this story. His sister is Katrina and in the end of the toefl, book, he had doubled his friends from 3(Mr. Shepard, his teacher, mom and tony dad) to 6(Mr Shepard, mom, dad, Kat, Salim, and Aunt Grace). Toefl? Ted is the Brains and the Sleuth.

This is how having a brain on a different operating system than others helped me figure it out. His sister is Kat and he has a syndrome that makes his brain run on plan dissertation droit a different operating system. I wished Kat, my sister, would. and This is how having a brain on a different operating system than others. This means that he loses social skills like reading body language but makes up for that by being very methodical. I have a simple 5 point scoring system to toefl, reading body language.

I think that chapter 36 is the most important part of the story. I think this because chapter 36 is where the write thesis essay, sleuth makes his claim and where the mystery is solved. It contributes to the text as a whole because you can#39;t have a mystery and not solve it. (That would be like getting yogurt but no spoon!) In the guide, chapter it describes how Ted figures out how Salim got off the it manager, London Eye, who was in on toefl guide it, and buy uk essays getting a confession about toefl guide any knowledge of where Salim was last seen. Elements of Mystery. O Brother Essay? Salim gets on a pod and doesn#39;t get out. Ted saw in toefl essay, the photograph that someone was changing in the back of the pod. Salim disguised himself so he could exit the pod without being seen. Make My Assignment? Salim got stuck in the Barracks because he had a fascination with big buildings and wanted to take pictures before it was taken down and the demolition crew was locking up that day.

Ted#39;s dad was on the demolition crew so he let them back in to the barracks to find Salim. Marcus and Chris are. was that he was dressed up as a tourist so he could bring in a bag so Salim could change. His. is that he wants his friend back. Finally, his. is when he told his mom that he was going out with the boy scouts. Toefl? is the guy who gave them the ticket. Chris#39;s. was he could have had a second ticket and kidnapped Salim on the way up. Buy Uk Essays? His. is that he might have wanted to have the parents pay a ransom for their son. His. is when he gave them a single ticket so he could get one of them alone. The scene that is essay particularly noticeable to me is all of chapter 31, when Kat and her mom get into a big fight because Kat#39;s mom doesn#39;t want Kat to investigate Salim#39;s disappearance and Kat does.

As you could imagine, this would cause the tone to where essay, plunge downwards into an angry, tense,and even hostile tone. I mumbled sorry mum, because I knew she was angry, but she didn#39;t seem to notice. and guide Don#39;t you swan off like that Katrina, I haven#39;t finished with you!! and She pushed mum out of the way, wailing I HATE YOU I HATE YOU!! -Spontaneously Combusted Had Salim spontaneously combusted? At first I thought this word meant time warp but it meant #39;without apparent cause something bursting into flames.#39; -London Eye My favorite thing to buy uk essays, do was fly the London Eye. At first I thought this word was the name of a tourist attraction in London and I was right. -Morgue This boy. is in the morgue. All I heard next was continued wailing from Aunt Glo.At first I thought this word meant an insane persons#39; home but it actually meant #39;A place where bodies are kept, to toefl, be identified or claimed.#39; My theme is a lost person mystery. Amelia Earhart is an example of this theme because she went missing just like Salim did. People don#39;t know what happened to her, but there were guesses like: if she spontaneously combusted, if there was a time warp, or if she was taken.

The Floods and Sparks didn#39;t know what happened to Salim, but there was a lot of guesses like: if he had spontaneously combusted, if there was a time warp, or if he was taken against his will just like Amelia. Abbott? like the London Eye Mystery. She had the whole world to hide in with billions of people in it, but Salim only had an enclosed pod and toefl 21 people in it. Also, the letter, London Eye Mystery is toefl essay guide focused on London, but Amelia#39;s story takes place across the whole world.

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From the Editors: Common method variance in international business research. JIBS receives many manuscripts that report findings from analyzing survey data based on same-respondent replies. This can be problematic since same-respondent studies can suffer from common method variance (CMV). Toefl Guide? Currently, authors who submit manuscripts to JIBS that appear to suffer from CMV are asked to perform validity checks and resubmit their manuscripts. This letter from the it manager cover, Editors is toefl designed to outline the current state of best practice for handling CMV in international business research.

A large number of papers submitted to write JIBS use data collected from a survey instrument. When self-report questionnaires are used to collect data at the same time from the same participants, common method variance (CMV) may be a concern. Essay Guide? This concern is make strongest when both the dependent and focal explanatory variables are perceptual measures derived from the same respondent ( Podsakoff Organ, 1986 ). CMV is toefl essay “variance that is cover letter attributable to essay guide the measurement method rather than to the constructs the measures represent” ( Podsakoff, MacKenzie, Lee, Podsakoff, 2003 : 879). CMV creates a false internal consistency, that is, an apparent correlation among variables generated by their common source. For example, this could occur if a researcher asks respondents to make evaluate an MNE's organizational capabilities and the firm's international performance in the same survey. Toefl? In such cases, self-report data can create false correlations if the respondents have a propensity to provide consistent answers to survey questions that are otherwise not related. Thus, common methods can cause systematic measurement errors that either inflate or deflate the observed relationships between constructs, generating both Type I and Type II errors.

Scholarly views of CMV differ. Plan Dissertation? Campbell (1982 : 692), a former editor of the Journal of Applied Psychology , provides a strongly negative assessment (italics added): “If there is no evident construct validity for the questionnaire measure or no variables that are measured independently of the questionnaire , I am biased against the study and guide, believe that it contributes very little”. On the other hand, some scholars argue that the CMV problem may be overstated ( Crampton Wagner, 1994 ; Lindell Whitney, 2001 ; Spector, 1987 ), and even an “urban legend” ( Spector, 2006 ). A recent exhaustive review of research on where art thou essay CMV in essay, behavioral research reaches a more balanced conclusion: “common method variance is definition essay often a problem and researchers need to do whatever they can to control for it” ( Posdsakoff et al., 2003 : 900). The specific details of the research methodology are clearly relevant in determining the toefl essay, likelihood and degree of common method bias. Podsakoff et al. (2003) explore four general sources of CMV: the use of constitutionnelle, a common rater, the manner in which items are presented to respondents, the toefl essay guide, context in which items on a questionnaire are placed, and the contextual influences (time, location and media) used to measure the where art thou essay, constructs. 1 Some CMV sources may be more problematic than others, for example, perceptual data from essay single raters may be more worrisome than the manner in quarterly, which items are presented in the survey instrument. A manuscript that suffers from more potential sources of CMV should, in general, be more problematic than one with fewer sources. The most worrisome example of CMV, according to the authors (2003: 885), occurs when “the data for toefl both the predictor and criterion variable are obtained from the same person in the same measurement context using the same item context and similar item characteristics”. The JIBS editors see CMV as a potentially serious concern for researchers using survey-based data, 2 especially where the dependent and independent variables are perceptual and it manager cover letter for resume, from the toefl, same source. 3 JIBS editors and reviewers must therefore assess not only for resume whether CMV exists, but also how likely it is to generate Type I and Type II errors. Our position is to inform potential contributors that they should, prior to toefl essay guide journal submission, deal with potential CMV biases in their research both seriously and explicitly.

HOW CAN CMV BE ADDRESSED BY RESEARCHERS? The obvious strategy is, of course, to avoid any potential CMV in the research design stage by using other sources of information for some of the buy uk essays, key measures. In particular, if possible, the dependent variable should be constructed using information from different sources than the independent variables. A number of procedural remedies in designing and administering the questionnaire, from mixing the essay guide, order of the questions to art thou essay using different scale types, can reduce the likelihood of CMV. Complicated specifications of regression models reduce the guide, likelihood of CMV. Specifically, respondents are unlikely to o brother where be guided by toefl essay guide a cognitive map that includes difficult-to-visualize interaction and non-linear effects. This is less likely the more complicated the model. There are several statistical remedies to detect and control for any possible CMV.

A post hoc Harman one-factor analysis is often used to check whether variance in the data can be largely attributed to droit constitutionnelle a single factor. Additionally, other statistical procedures can be applied to partial out toefl guide, common factors or to buy uk essays control for them. Remedies 1 and 2 are ex ante approaches implemented in the research design stage. Remedy 1 is clearly the best option since, by definition, spurious correlations due to CMV cannot occur. Remedy 2 can also ex ante reduce the likelihood of the consistency motive and theory-in-use biases in the informant responses. Remedies 3 and 4 are ex post approaches implemented after the research has been conducted. Remedy 3 implies that the essay, likelihood of CMV can be reduced by specifying complex relationships that are unlikely to be part of the respondents’ cognitive maps, while remedy 4 corrects for CMV through a variety of statistical procedures. We first discuss these four basic remedies below and then offer our advice to international business scholars on write thesis essay how to toefl essay guide handle the possibility of quarterly, CMV in their research. REMEDIES 1 AND 2: AVOID CMV IN THE EX ANTE RESEARCH DESIGN STAGE. The best way to avoid or minimize any potential CMV bias is to collect measures for different constructs from different sources (remedy 1).

Ideally, the essay, dependent variable(s) are collected from quarterly tony abbott a different source than the independent variables are collected from. 4 For example, subsidiary-level autonomy or decision-making power of a subsidiary-level manager could be measured with a local survey, whereas a subsidiary performance measure could be constructed from information provided by essay guide the multinational headquarters or from a local archival source. If it is not possible to obtain data from different sources, another possibility is to collect data at different points in time. Preferably, all this is part of the ex ante research design. For Resume? A second best strategy would be to collect such additional information ex post . Another ex ante research strategy involves the way the questionnaire is designed and administered (remedy 2). Respondents should be assured of the guide, anonymity and droit constitutionnelle, confidentiality of the study, that there are no right or wrong answers, and that they should answer as honestly as possible. 5 Moreover, more fact-based questionnaire items are less likely to be associated with CMV. Podsakoff et al. (2003 : 888) state that “these procedures should reduce people's evaluation apprehension and make them less likely to edit their responses to be more socially desirable, lenient, acquiescent and consistent with how the researcher wants them to respond”. Additionally, great care must be taken to essay systematically examine the construction of items so as to ensure that ambiguous, vague and unfamiliar terms are not included, and that the questionnaire as a whole and buy uk essays, the individual items are formulated as concisely as possible (see Harrison, McClaughlin, Coalter, 1996 ; Lindell Whitney, 2001 ; Podsakoff et al., 2003 ). These methods reduce problems in the comprehension stage of the response process. Of course, these strategies reflect standard survey practices in any case, whether or not CMV is an issue. Specifically related to CMV, Podsakoff et al. (2003 : 888) suggest that “another way to diminish method biases is to use different scale endpoints and formats for the predictor and criterion measures”.

This should reduce method biases caused by commonalities in scale endpoints and anchor effects. In a recently published JIBS article on the international location decision, for instance, Galan, Gonzalez-Benito, and Zuniga-Vincente (2007) measured the dependent variable in essay guide, two different ways so as to avoid potential CMV with independent variables that were operationalized as perception-based measures. Moreover, counterbalancing the order of write essay, questions relating to different scales and constructs makes CMV less likely, as the respondent cannot then easily combine related items to cognitively “create” the toefl guide, correlation needed to produce a CMV-biased pattern of responses ( Murray, Kotabe, Zhou, 2005 ). One option is to for resume randomize the essay guide, order of the art thou essay, questions using survey software. For instance, in a JIBS article examining the influence of parent control on conflict in international joint ventures, Barden, Steensma, and Lyles (2005) used different response anchors across measured constructs, separated measurements in time, and manipulated the order of questionnaire items in essay guide, such a way that CMV across dependent, independent and essay, control variables became very unlikely. REMEDIES 3 AND 4: DEAL WITH CMV IN THE EX POST STATISTICAL ANALYSES. CMV is more likely to emerge in toefl guide, models that are overly simple. A third approach is my assignment therefore to specify relationships among the dependent and independent variables that are not so simple that these relationships are likely to essay be part of the individual raters’ cognitive maps. Plan Dissertation Droit? In this context, Harrison et al. Guide? (1996 : 248) refer to the cognitive miser principle. For instance, take a questionnaire in which local subordinates are asked about the effect of the frequency of their expatriate leader's communication with his or her subordinates on the subordinates’ stress level.

Suppose that the theory predicts that this effect is non-linearly moderated by the subordinates’ locus of control trait. Including a non-linear interaction term in the model is likely to reduce CMV because such a complex relationship is, in all likelihood, not part of the respondents’ theory-in-use. A problem with this approach is that interpretation of the empirical results is made more difficult by the complexity of the arguments. As a result, the my assignment, remedy of overcomplexity could be worse than the disease of CMV. 6 Basically, adding complexity such as mediating, moderating and/or non-linear effects makes sense only if guided by a good theory. In the essay, end, sound theory that directs design and method is, of course, the bottom line that characterizes all good research, be it survey-based or not. The fourth remedy is to apply ex post statistical approaches. Buy Uk Essays? Indeed, there are quite a few of them; here, we only toefl briefly refer to some of the buy uk essays, more popular ones since there are several other papers with more details (please refer to the references attached to this Letter). Perhaps the essay guide, most common but ineffective response by authors to address CMV (other than ignoring it) is to rely on Harman's single-factor test to assert that their research is where art thou not pervasively affected by CMV. Toefl Guide? This method loads all items from each of the write definition essay, constructs into an exploratory factor analysis to see whether one single factor does emerge or whether one general factor does account for a majority of the covariance between the measures; if not, the claim is that CMV is guide not a pervasive issue. Thesis Essay? However, Podsakoff et al. (2003) explain that this claim is likely to be incomplete because Harman's test is essay guide insensitive.

It is unlikely that a single-factor model will fit the quarterly essay tony, data, and there is no useful guideline as to what would be the guide, acceptable percentage of explained variance of a single-factor model. The JIBS team therefore believes that simply reporting seemingly reassuring outcomes from Harman's single-factor test is insufficient to prove that CMV is not a pervasive issue. Lindell and Whitney (2001) , Podsakoff et al. (2003) and Malhotra, Kim, and Patil (2006) review several statistical methods that are more sophisticated than Harman's test, which can be used to test and possibly control for CMV. Different statistical remedies are available for different types of research settings and different sources of CMV. Promising statistical remedies include a partial correlation procedure and a direct measure of my assignment, a latent common method factor.

The former method partials out the first unrotated factor from the exploratory factor analysis, and then continues to toefl guide determine whether the theoretical relationships among the variables of interest do still hold. The latter method allows questionnaire items to load on their theoretical constructs, as well as on where essay a latent CMV factor, and examines the essay, significance of theoretical constructs with or without the common factor method. Both methods have their own limitations, however, one of my assignment, which is the assumption that the sources of CMV can be well identified and validly measured. Essay Guide? 7 A recommended solution is to use multiple remedies, not just one remedy, in order to assuage the various concerns about CMV. JIBS receives many manuscripts that report results from estimating models that use same-source surveys and thus may suffer from common methods problems. However, while psychology journals have worried about CMV since the early 1980s, and have implemented techniques to handle this problem since at least the mid-1990s, the common methods issue has been slow to be recognized, and is much less addressed, by international business scholars.

Best practices in the “macro” disciplines appear to have lagged behind those in the “micro” disciplines, probably because the micro areas (e.g., organizational behavior and it manager cover letter, human resource management) rely most heavily on surveys, whereas the macro areas (e.g., strategic management and organizational ecology) are more likely to toefl use archival datasets. In March 2009, we reviewed all the articles published in JIBS between 2000 and the present for evidence of potential sources of CMV. Of the 430 articles examined, 40% (173 articles) relied on either primary surveys and/or quantified interviews as the data source. Make My Assignment? The 173 articles were then characterized by essay guide potential sources of common methods bias. Almost all the articles (167 articles) contained one or more sources of CMV, and most appeared to have multiple sources. Only 65 of the 167 articles (about one-third) mentioned or addressed common methods in their paper. Of this group, half the articles (32) used Harman's single-factor test or something similar to test for buy uk essays CMV. Fifteen articles used another approach. Only nine articles used both Harman's test and at toefl guide, least one other correction method to control for CMV.

These statistics, of course, tell us only how frequently common methods appear in recently published JIBS articles, not the magnitude of the buy uk essays, potential bias from toefl CMV in these articles. My Assignment? Previous research estimating the magnitude of the guide, effects did not include JIBS articles; see for example, Doty and Glick (1998) and Cote and Buckley (1987) . So, the most we can say is there may be a problem based on frequency of usage of common methods, but at where, present we have no estimates of the magnitude of the problem. Based on this short survey, it appears that common method bias has not been recognized nor addressed by most IB scholars, even in JIBS , the top journal in toefl essay guide, the field of international business. We recognize, of course, that standards for rigor in plan dissertation constitutionnelle, empirical work are continually rising. What were acceptable methodological practices even five years ago can easily and rapidly become unacceptable as social science scholars better understand the toefl, limitations of their empirical techniques and it manager cover for resume, develop more rigorous methods for identifying and correcting for potential biases in their work. The purpose of our Letter from the Editors is therefore not to criticize earlier research, but rather to toefl essay guide encourage IB scholars to implement current best practices in research methods. We argue that the buy uk essays, hurdle barrier must now be set higher in JIBS vis a vis CMV. It is time for IB scholars to address, and reduce or offset where feasible, the use of common methods in their empirical work. We conclude that many JIBS submissions in the past, when the data came from surveys (and/or “quantified” interviews, for that matter), have ignored the issue of CMV. Essay Guide? Where the authors have addressed CMV, the typical response has been to report seemingly reassuring results from Harman's single-factor test. The JIBS editors believe this approach has been insufficient.

For the current editorial team, it is now standard practice to return a manuscript to the author when it appears to suffer from plan dissertation droit constitutionnelle common method bias and the issue has been ignored in the manuscript. The desk rejection letter asks the author to essay guide perform validity checks and resolve any CMV issues before resubmitting the it manager letter for resume, manuscript. Addressing CMV only after desk rejection is not the ideal strategy, of course. The first-best strategy is to prevent potential CMV at the research design stage using remedy 1, that is, by collecting data from multiple sources. Ex ante , before running any analyses, the collection of key information from toefl essay other sources should be planned, using where possible archival data and multiple respondents. Alternatively, additional information can be collected afterwards. O Brother Where Art Thou? An example of remedy 1 is Carraher, Sullivan, and Crocitto (2008) , who surveyed expatriate employees but obtained their expat performance measure from company records filed by the individual's supervisor rather than from the expat respondents themselves. Approaches for handling common method variance (CMV). More often than not, a perfect solution is out of reach.

If ex ante methods are not doable, the JIBS editors recommend that IB scholars use multiple ex post procedural remedies including possibly a more complex model specification, and partialing out or controlling for CMV (remedies 2, 3 and 4). What we ask for is that CMV-related methodological issues should be discussed carefully and explicitly in any manuscript submitted to JIBS that uses single-respondent data. Essay? This will often imply the make, need to apply a number of the remedies referred to toefl above. Plan Dissertation Droit Constitutionnelle? While the problems with CMV were not well understood by IB scholars in toefl guide, the past and, as a result, there were many JIBS articles published that might suffer from multiple sources of art thou, common methods bias, the standards have changed and IB scholars must adopt current best practices. Of course, all other validity and reliability tests should also be conducted and reported in the manuscript. Guide? In singling out write thesis definition essay, CMV in this Letter from the Editors we do not want to give JIBS authors the toefl essay, impression that they should ignore other validity and reliability tests of their quantitative and qualitative research methods – they should not. We advance the field not only through theory development, but also through careful and thorough empirical work using best practices. As international business researchers, we also recognize that sometimes common methods cannot be totally avoided, for example, if the research probes into dissertation droit constitutionnelle, difficult waters where data of any kind are scarce such as in severely understudied parts of the world (Africa, the Middle East), or where the research undertaken is toefl so novel or insightful that this may be considered over standard methodological considerations. Editors and reviewers should not reject innovative manuscripts that push the boundaries of our knowledge of international business solely on the grounds of common methods.

In such situations, the gains in creativity and impact might outweigh the loss of methodological purity. Another example where CMV may be tolerated is large-scale research projects involving multiple countries where obtaining separate data sources for all the countries is impossible. Such large-scale projects typically deal with potential national differences in response bias by using within-subject standardization, mean centering the dissertation droit constitutionnelle, scores of individuals, or using regression approaches to control for national differences in response biases. Toefl Guide? These studies also typically link some sort of it manager cover letter, aggregate nation scores to a separate source archival predictor or criterion. Cross-country comparative studies where the intent of the study is to treat cognitive structures and processes of toefl essay, a population as a dependent variable might well want to use same-source correlations as a good indicator of shared aspects of cognition, with a national indicator as a separate-source predictor of art thou, these same-source correlations. Lastly, we want to make it clear to the JIBS community that it is not our intent in toefl essay, this Letter from the Editors to privilege IB researchers who use large, readily available datasets such as Compustat, Orbis or SDC Platinum. Rather, we want to encourage primary and qualitative research in international business – including surveys – but at the same time increase awareness among IB researchers of potential CMV biases so that they can be avoided in the design stage. Except for o brother where several special circumstances as illustrated above, if common method bias is a potential issue in toefl guide, an IB research project, the abbott, authors should address this issue – as they already do for other validity issues – before submitting their research to JIBS . We are looking for more careful examination from guide all IB researchers in proving the o brother art thou, robustness of toefl, their results, and art thou essay, hope this Letter from the toefl, Editors will help raise the thesis, quality standards for empirical research by future IB scholars. For example, a researcher may be interested in a hypothesized relationship between constructs A and B (for example, A can be an organizational characteristic of an MNE and B the firm's international performance).

If the measures of A and B are derived from essay information provided by a single rater within each MNE, aggregated across multiple MNEs, there may be spurious systematic correlations between these two measures. In this instance, the tony, correlations are superficial connections imposed by using the same source rather than demonstrating “actual” patterns in practice. Essay Guide? As a consequence, without any appropriate correction for CMV, estimates from questionnaires could well be spurious. The estimates may not reveal any real underlying theoretical relationship, but rather the artificial cognitive maps of reality that are hidden in the respondents’ minds. Consequently, the reported analyses are likely to suffer from o brother where art thou essay Type I and guide, Type II errors. CMV is by no means a problem only for primary researchers. Buy Uk Essays? Many large archival datasets, including official government statistics, are also gathered through same-source surveys and thus can also suffer from essay CMV and other methodological biases. Thus, researchers using archival data sources should also be aware of potential biases and address them in tony, a proper manner. Many journals routinely desk reject papers with any type of sloppiness.

For good advice on this, albeit from guide a different discipline, see http://www.math.ucla.edu/ Method 1, however, faces a potential ethical barrier if the survey respondents were anonymous since survey data (e.g., leadership perception) must be matched with information from other sources (e.g., employee appraisal) that could compromise the respondents’ anonymity. We recognize that researchers who have promised anonymity must ethically provide it, even though doing so increases the difficulty of finding external corroborative sources. Note that providing anonymity, however, creates ethical dilemmas for method 1, as discussed in my assignment, the previous endnote. See, for instance, McClelland and Judd (1993) , who point out difficulties in detecting and interpreting interactions and moderator effects. Note that a complete identification of all sources of CMV is not necessary. For instance, partial correlation adjustment works if a variable theoretically unrelated with others, preferably the dependent variable, can be identified and used in the adjustment ( Lindell Whitney, 2001 ; Malhotra et al., 2006 ).

This letter reflects the toefl, opinion of the make my assignment, JIBS editors. We thank Wendy Boswell and Duane Ireland for helpful early discussions about CMV. Toefl Essay Guide? We particularly appreciate the empirical work by Li Dai (PhD student at the Department of my assignment, Management at Texas AM), who browsed through many issues of JIBS in toefl guide, search of CMV best practices, and Les Graham (Durham Business School, UK), who provided an excellent overview of the literature. We gratefully acknowledge the quarterly essay tony, excellent suggestions made by other JIBS editors and members of the JIBS Consulting Editors and Editorial Review Board. This letter went through two rounds of single-blind review. In total, we received about 30 reports from editorial board reviewers, many of them providing multiple pages of detailed comments. We tried to accommodate as many comments as possible, within the constraints of the Letter format. In particular, we thank Laurence Booth, Roger Calantone, Dave Gilliland, Klaus Meyer, Mark Peterson, and Arndt Sorge for extensive comments; any remaining errors or omissions remain the toefl essay guide, responsibility of the authors.

For those interested in the underlying conceptual and technical details, please consult the articles and their bibliographies that are referenced in this Letter. Sea-Jin Chang Arjen van Witteloostuijn Lorraine Eden 1 Email author 1. Department of Management Mays Business School, 415D Wehner, TAMU 4221, Texas AM University College Station USA. Published in cooperation with. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips.

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2012 GCSE / IGCSE / A Level Art Exam Paper: Help, Ideas #038; Interpretation. Toefl. February 8, 2017 by Amiria Gale. The GCSE, IGCSE and A Level Art exam paper contain topics which must be used to stimulate ideas for a portfolio of make my assignment artwork. For some students, a set starting point makes life easier; for others, it throws up a mental block: a paralysing fear that they will not be able to produce anything original, or – worse –that they will be forced to draw/paint/photograph/design/sculpt something that is horrendously boring and essay guide which doesn’t interests them at all. What follows is a list of essay thoughts, ideas and responses to the 2012 GCSE and A Level Art exam topics from a range of different examination boards. They are intended to spur creative thought and to toefl essay guide, aid the brainstorming process. It is worth remembering, before you begin, that no topic is plan dissertation constitutionnelle inherently boring and that even the toefl, most mundane can result in beautiful work. It Manager. What matters is not the thing or even the idea, but the way it is interpreted; the essay guide, way you respond to it, what it means to you and whether it wriggles inside and kicks at your soul. It is important to tony abbott, remember that the best art topics are those which: Are significant and important to guide, your life in some way You know about or have first-hand experience of it manager You have access to quality first-hand source material. It should also be noted that ideas on toefl essay guide this list are provided as an plan droit constitutionnelle, aid to the brainstorming process. Toefl Essay Guide. They may or may not be appropriate for you, depending on your circumstance.

Selection and exploration of ideas should occur only in buy uk essays conjunction with advice from essay your teacher. Some artist model ideas have been included with the lists below. For additional ideas, please look through our Pinterest Boards. Cover Letter For Resume. Encounters, Experiences and essay guide Meetings. A beautiful image from a Year 12 (Level 2) NCEA Printmaking folio (sourced from the NZQA website): This beautiful mixed media image could be the result of an A Level Art exam theme such as #8216;encounter with nature#8217;.

The meeting between mother and child / adoption / birth; The clashing of those who despise each other; Friends in dissertation droit constitutionnelle a bustling and toefl crowded restaurant; SEX and other forbidden encounters in a teenage world; The shields we put up in our brains: the filter between ourselves and those we meet; The joining (or meeting) of two halves; Meetings between strangers…The million people we pass on make my assignment a daily basis, but never connect with; Drunken encounters; Encounters with god; Online encounters and the changing social landscape of the essay, world; The clashing of cultures; Meeting someone who has suffered a great loss; Shameful encounters / those you regret; A meeting room, filled with business people who go about buy uk essays their daily lives in a trance; A boisterous meeting between children; A birthday party; Meeting at a skateboard park; Reunion at an airport; Meeting for toefl essay guide the last time; A life-changing moment; Focus on the senses (an event experienced through sight / audio etc); Something that made you cry; A deja vu experience; Remembering an essay tony abbott, experience a long time ago: the toefl essay, passing of time / generations; The meeting of truth and buy uk essays lies; The meeting of guide fiction and reality; Encountering animals: the interaction between human and animal kind and our influence upon them (for good or bad); Meeting your childhood self or yourself fifty years in the future; The meeting of land and sea; Physical meetings between two things: the boundaries and edges, perhaps at plan droit constitutionnelle a cellular level (plunging into / stabbing / tearing apart); The meeting of theory and practicality; How our own biases, backgrounds and guide modify/influence every experience we have: the cover letter, influence of the mind; Truly seeing yourself as you really are; Conception; The aftermath of essay a meeting that never happened; Meeting temptation: the battle of essay wills; The meeting of technology and nature; Ancient man meeting the modern world: the conflict between genes and the modern environment; Terrorist encounter (see image below). More exceptional Year 12 (Level 2) NCEA Printmaking work, sourced from the NZQA website: Terrorist encounters: This striking Year 12 folio offers inspiration for the A Level Art exam topic #8216;Encounters, Experiences and Meetings#8217;. A young child holding the hand of their mother; Bad influences (combinations of friends) and peer pressure; A family unit, in alliance against toefl essay guide, the world; The butterfly effect (how a combination of essay actions / behaviours leads from one thing to another until every tiny moment in a life is interwoven with all the moments that came before); Political alliances; How ‘good’ people can complete horrific acts when lead on guide by the wrong situation and the wrong company; Still life combinations: salt and pepper, sweet and sour, fish chips, apple and cinnamon; peanut butter and jam; the literal combination of ingredients used to make a meal; Unpleasant combinations we would rather not be reminded of: chocolate and obesity; that cute lamb and plan constitutionnelle the juicy steak; The legal binding (combination) of essay lovers: marriage / civil unions; Combination of genes: Darwin’s theory of write evolution – how traits are passed on etc; A study of two people (or animals), or people who care about each other; A person and essay guide something that they use to embellish their identity (i.e. It Manager Cover For Resume. fast car, makeup, fashion accessories, label clothing, iPhones); You and toefl essay guide the one thing that defines you; Twins; Siblings; Mismatched couples; Unfortunate combinations: drugs and celebrities; childbirth and pain; cats and water; sugar and tooth decay; Discipline and being cruel to be kind; Combinations of exercises / sets / routines; Mixing of light (light streaming through coloured glass windows etc); Lock combinations; Combinations of numbers – gambling, addiction; An uneasy alliance: a dog about to break its chain; Things that depend on each other for survival: a plant growing in o brother where essay dirt trapped in essay a hole in the rocks; tiny creatures that live in on it manager letter for resume the fur / skin of others – ticks on cows / hair lice / germs; Vaccinations and the alliance of toefl ‘good’ germs fighting against buy uk essays, bad… Eco-systems – the interconnection of water / life etc; A trusted alliance: horse and rider; blind person and guide dog; Business networks that rely on one another; Uniting against a common enemy. Highly accurate, scientific records; The layering of time; Disintegration and guide memory; Bones: the structure of life – the architecture of a living form; Fish skeletons; Archaeology and the documenting of fossils; Unexpected items as fossils (i.e. a fossil of an iPod or other contemporary object – remnants of a modern existence); Dinosaurs / extinction. Note: this topic lends itself perfectly to printmaking, rubbings and layered, mixed media works.

Modern diet / processed food; Digital technology and the impact it has on our lives; Soaring depression levels / the psychiatric torment of modern man; Soaring caesarean rates; Drugs and mind-numbing forms of escape; Slowing down; More, more, more: ever increasing consumption; The mechanised processes involved in make my assignment the production of meat: pigs in essay tiny cages / battery hens / images from an abattoir; Disconnection from the whole: i.e. Buy Uk Essays. a factory worker who spends his/her whole life assembling one tiny part of a product, without having any input into guide, the big picture: disillusionment with life purpose. Framing / windows; Blurring of the essay, boundary between inside and out; Prisons / loss of guide freedom; Breaking in the exterior barrier of things i.e. injuries in flesh resulting in the spilling out of insides; Autopsy; Opening a can of plan droit preserved fruit; Pregnancy /birth; Shelter from the toefl guide, rain; The inconsistency between what is buy uk essays going on in the outside world and the inner turmoil of someone’s brain; The change in state as something moves from outside to inside the human body (i.e. food energy); An environment that is devoid of ‘outside’ i.e. fluorescent lights / poor ventilation…lacking in essay plant life…unable to o brother art thou, see nature outdoors…the dwindling human condition etc; Apocalyptic future: what will happen if humans destroy the outdoor conditions; or a wall is erected to keep an infected virus-ridden population ‘outside’; The peeling back of toefl essay guide interesting things to expose what is underneath (inside)…i.e. banana skins, seedpods, envelopes. Vegetables or interesting fruit sliced through to expose the insides (things with lots of seed / pips / bumpy skin etc); Something opening to reveal something unexpected (i.e. Definition. inside a cardboard box); The Impossible Staircase: indoors blending into toefl essay guide, outdoors in where art thou an indeterminable fashion / a blurring of dimensions; Inside the human body: complex, organic form: the miracle of life (human anatomy drawings / x-rays; Inside an guide, animal carcass; The human ‘outside’ – an exterior presented to those around us. It Manager Cover. The fixation we have on creating the best exterior possible: weight control/dieting; makeup; cosmetic surgery; latest fashions; Inside the toefl essay, earth: minerals / geology / the underworld; Sectional views through a landscape (i.e. showing a slice through the ground / inside the earth): mines / slips / erosion / quarries, with trucks and machinery taking soil and rocks away; The soul: inside / outside – leaving the body; Plays upon plan dissertation, storage and scale, i.e. miniature ‘scaled down’ items inside other items, like large wild animals stored inside tiny jars; Castings of the insides of objects – things you don’t normally think about – that are then exposed for toefl essay guide all to buy uk essays, see; Walls / divisions / outsiders; Deterioration that has occurred to guide, something as a result of make being left outside (i.e. an toefl, ice sculpture that is left in the sun or a decayed, rusted, weathered structure showing the long term effects of the elements); Light streaming in a window from outside; Kids in a daycare facility looking longingly outside; Animals in a small enclosure: a sorry life in essay tony abbott comparison to those wild and free outside; Looking outside from an unusual perspective, i.e. as if you are a mouse looking through a small crack into a room; Inside a bomb shelter; Inside is meant to equal haven / shelter: what if inside is not this at all: a crime scene / an inside that has been violated; In the toefl essay guide, palm of plan droit constitutionnelle your hand; The contents of something spilling out; Shellfish or snails inside their shells. Love and hate relationships / fighting between families and loved ones; The human mind, swinging from toefl joy to droit constitutionnelle, misery and despair / schizophrenia / the meddling mind: our own worst enemy; A whole lot of similar things, with one different thing that clashes with the rest; Disturbing of the peace: a beautiful scene which is rudely interrupted (i.e. a hunter firing a bullet into a grazing herd of animals or someone pulling out essay guide a gun in letter a crowded shopping mall); Musical interpretations: jazz bands / instruments / broken instruments; Money: the root of good and evil; The broken family / divorce / merged families; The clashing of humans with the environment; Something beautiful and ugly; Meditation to essay, escape the discord of modern day life; Prescribed medication (happy pills) to minimise the discord in life – but eliminates the harmony? 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Sky High: Aerial views of cover letter for resume swirling motorways by New Zealand painter Robert Ellis. Black holes / stars / solar systems / the toefl essay, big bang; Skateboarders or snowboarders; A drug induced high; Cloud formations / the science of rain; Flying in sleep; Views from an aeroplane window; Sky High: Aerial landscape by Wayne Thiebaud. Patterns humans have made in the landscape – i.e. motorways / city grids; Hang-gliding / hot air balloons / free fallings / parachuting; Insects / birds flying; Wing structures; Airports; Aftermath of a plane crash; Superman / superheroes; Things blowing into where art thou, the air (old newspapers / an open briefcase / seed pods / dandelion seeds); Falling off a high rise building; Paper aeroplanes; Giants / over-scaled items; A inner cityscape of high rise buildings – glimpses through windows to toefl guide, people living lives contained in tiny capsules in skyscrapers; Athletes / sports people leaping through air. Write Thesis Definition. Sky High: Australian artist Joel Rea produces amazing paintings of dogs, people and toefl other objects flying or free-falling through the air. His paintings have a surrealist element, often including over-sized elements. It Manager Letter For Resume. Brilliant work! Sky High: Simple and symmetrical compositions showing scenes out essay guide aeroplane windows by Jim Darling. A beautiful photograph of a skateboarder and essay his shadow. An intricate still life that creates shadows which become an integral element of the composition; Translucent sculptures; Images containing only shadow (without the source object); Woven shadows; Overlapping shadows from toefl multiple light sources; Crumpled pieces of plan droit paper: manipulation of shadow. Shadows that are not of the object shown; A dark alleyway or other location where the toefl, lighting conditions are dramatic; Photographs of paper sculptures: artificial manipulation of quarterly abbott form to toefl, explore light and make my assignment shadow; Skin colour; A monochromatic subject, with the emphasis on tone (light shade) rather than colour; Sunhats and sunscreen / skin cancer; Buildings with visible shading screens built into the facade.

Symbols in airports with crowds of people of toefl guide multiple ethnicities (i.e. icons communicating without language); An absurd aspect of plan constitutionnelle a pop star’s life; The worship of a pop star by an ordinary teen (posters peeling off a crowded bedroom wall etc); Religious icons – relevance in toefl a modern world; Someone using icons to communicate; The lie of the buy uk essays, icon: a pop star with a public image that is nothing like they really are; Sex symbols: the disparity between ‘real’ bodies and those portrayed in guide magazines… An obsessed fan’s memorabilia collection relating to a particular famous person; Objects related to something negative that you don’t want to remember: i.e. a night out on the town (cigarette butts, empty beer bottles); Memorabilia related to buy uk essays, a famous wedding (i.e. Prince Charlies and Diana); A collection of tacky plastic characters from toefl essay guide a particular film, that lie forgotten and dusty in buy uk essays the bottom of a box; War memorabilia, interspersed with photographs. ‘Sleazy’ signs from a dodgy part of town…with litter / other traces of human life / dark alleyways underneath; A inner cityscape crowded with brightly lit signs – perhaps exploring things to do with the clutter of human life / overpopulation of space etc; An decrepit sign (on an entertainment park or tired motel, for example) with broken bulbs / peeling paint; Disassembling old neon signs and reassembling different signs together in tongue-and-cheek ways; Inspiration drawn from the Neon Boneyard – where old neon signs go to die; Focusing on essay guide the eye-catching aspect of neon colour to draw attention to unexpected subjects… Young children playing with toys; A family playing a card or board game; Playing in water – or at the beach, with a bucket and spade in the sand; Sports – competitive playing; ‘Playing the field’; Dress up games; A young child putting up make-up in the mirror (playing at the imitation of adults); Wendy houses; An early childhood education scene; Playing gone wrong: an injured child / fighting children etc… A graphite drawing of a paper aeroplane by Christina Empedocles. Drawings of cover for resume folded paper provide ample opportunity for practising the rendering of form. Origami; Paper aeroplanes (see Christina Empedocles and Ali Page) Paper bags (see the painting below by essay, Karen Appleton) Architectural models; Folding architectural structures; Tents; Beach chairs; Weaving. Essay Abbott. Folded paper bags by Karen Appleton. Elevating the status of the ordinary: a printed folded paper aeroplane by Ali Page. Guide. A physical journey from a particular destination to another (i.e. the cover letter, mundane drive between your home and school…seeing beauty in the ordinary etc; your first visit to see something that moved you); The transformational journey from old to new (old structure demolished for essay guide something new / old technology making way for new etc); A journey through time, such as a person aging / physical changes, or a record of memorable occasions in a life; Childhood to adulthood; Getting through an emotional circumstance, such as a loved one passing away or overcoming illness; Conception/pregnancy/birth; A miniature journey (i.e. walking down your garden path – with viewpoint at quarterly essay tony your feet etc; brushing your teeth in the morning – the journey from arrival at toefl guide the sink to buy uk essays, bright white smile); Achieving a goal; An academic journey – through school etc (ambition / academic goals / failure / success / test papers / assignments / grades etc…as in the hurdles you need to get to university); On a bus or a plane or a train; Memorabilia related to toefl, a particular journey (i.e. an overseas trip); A still life made from tickets, maps, timetables; The journey of an animal (i.e. a bird or fish, swimming upstream); The journey of an abbott, insect walking a short distance over interesting surfaces; Terrorism and the journey you will never forget. dishwasher drawing by artist Jo Bradney. A family argument; Domesticated cat or other animal; Domestic chores – focus on toefl essay a mundane ordinary task such as doing the dishes (see Sylvia Siddell and Jo Bradney); Housewives / the female role / feminism etc; Wild versus Domestic; The ‘perfect’ home situation illusion and what bubbles below the surface… Domestic versus foreign / invading / other; Domestic goods = items made in your own country…a still life featuring country-specific items… A dripping painting of essay tony a building facade by Uwe Wittwer. Deceptive facades, and toefl essay the walls we put up to hide our true emotions; Decaying wall surfaces / peeling away; Reflective windows, mirroring a busy street or some other interesting scene (fragmented reflections); A decorative facade – old church walls etc; Old fashioned shop fronts / signage; Secrets hidden behind facades / the my assignment, things nobody talks about; Sunshades / light streaming through facades / window openings; Masks / dress-ups; Abstraction of a building facade (see work above by Uwe Wittner). The merging of toefl guide reality and our ‘online’ lives; The fictional online persona (the person we craft in our Facebook profiles and so on); iPods / digital devices and brightly lit screens; Cyber dating / online love; Brain waves and digital imaging of human brains while dreaming.

Windows / frames – from unexpected locations / unexpected angles or in places where the outside scene contrasts the inside scene; Transparent layers / glass / distortion / interesting views through things; X-rays; Old overhead projector transparencies; Flicking through an old recipe book or photo album; Looking through small gaps between leaves in the foreground at make a natural scene; Trains / tunnels; A child looking through cracks in a jetty at the water below; Invisibility, and the feeling you get when someone ‘looks through’ you – i.e. doesn’t notice you at all; Kids playing hide and toefl essay guide seek, peeking out from a hiding place; Inappropriate snooping through someone else’s personal belongings… An emotive NCEA folio by it manager for resume, Lizzi: This outstanding NCEA Level 1 Art board (the equivalent of a Year 11 GCSE or IGCSE Art folio) perfectly fits the #8216;Looking Through#8217; theme. People – Ordinary and/or Extraordinary. Toefl Essay. People engaged in ordinary mindless actions, i.e. Where Essay. brushing teeth, doing one’s hair, eating breakfast; Scars / tattoos / deformities that are out toefl guide of the ordinary; The vices of ordinary people (cigarette smoking, alcoholism, food addiction etc); Portraits of really ‘plain’ people – seeing the buy uk essays, beauty in essay the ordinary; The facades / layers people build up around themselves to make themselves seem extraordinary – make-up, fashion accessories etc; A person of extraordinary importance in your life (your mother or grandmother etc); Ordinary people who have extraordinary roles (i.e. a firefighter); The extraordinary; Merging images of people with other objects to make fantastical creatures; A portrait of an ordinary stereotype: the gossip or the cheerleader etc; The desperate attempts or lengths someone will go to become extraordinary; Depictions of ordinary people, so that they look eerie and extraordinary, like the awesome artworks by Loretta Lux; Sculptures of the it manager for resume, ordinary, at extraordinary scales, like Ron Mueck (viewer discretion advised). Toefl Guide. A grandmother or other elderly person holding a baby; Meeting your childhood self or yourself fifty years in the future; Ancient man meeting the it manager letter for resume, modern world: the essay guide, conflict between genes and the modern environment; Ancient artefacts, alongside modern instruments; Discarded outdated computers / technology, to make way for new (things that become rapidly obsolete); Fresh fruit alongside rotted and decaying produce; Plastic surgery: an attempt to make old into write, new; A decaying structure alongside a new, contemporary form; New posters overlaid onto an outdoor wall layered with old, peeling posters; An old architectural form demolished for toefl essay guide something new / old technology making way for new etc). The impact of art thou essay digital technology on modern lives; Advances in preventative health and medicine; The prevalence of natural disasters in recent times; Terrorism; Time; The mechanics of an old clock; A topical issue, such as food addiction.

Birth; Death; Train stations / Airports / Looking out windows at that which is left behind; Divorce / departure of a parent; Parents who leave their children; Recovering from a departure / coping mechanisms; First day at toefl essay school (or some other place); Feet walking away; A decaying, decrepit building after the make my assignment, departure of the occupants; A look at essay guide building entrances and exits; Motorway exits; Maps / subway routes / directions for travellers… Fruit, vegetables and droit constitutionnelle gardening tools placed in essay guide a setting of your choice. A freshly harvested outdoor setting; A farm-like scene with wooden crates / indoor wooden shed; Vegetables stored for animals; Vegetables hanging to dry, i.e. onions / garlic with tools leaning nearby; A kitchen scene; A fruit and vege shop; A bustling marketplace; Preserving fruit – knives / chopped fruit / preserves in glass jars; Fruit, veges and tools in an unexpected location, i.e. hanging in plastic bags; Abstract works derived from the letter, patterns on the skin of fruit and vegetables or the interiors that have been sliced open with knifes; The brutal smashing of a watermelon or some other fruit or vegetable with a hammer; The hanging of decaying fruit and vegetables. Wedding traditions; Birthday celebrations; Religious rituals; Guy Fawkes; Christenings; Coming-of-age rituals; Graduation ceremonies. This post is toefl guide a work in progress. For more help with selecting a topic, you may like to make, read this blog post about essay what makes a good A Level Art idea. You may also be interested in make my assignment the article about the 2013 Art exam topics. This article was written by Amiria Gale. Guide. Amiria has been a teacher of Art Design and a Curriculum Co-ordinator for make my assignment seven years, responsible for the course design and toefl guide assessment of Art and Design work in two high-achieving Auckland schools. Art Thou. Amiria has a Bachelor of Architectural Studies, Bachelor of toefl guide Architecture (First Class Honours) and a Graduate Diploma of Teaching. She is a CIE Accredited Art Design Coursework Assessor. Follow Student Art Guide on Pinterest.

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Free Essays on Parvana Deborah Ellis. Cultures- How does Parvana explore aspects of different culture? Texts often give us an toefl essay, insight into aspects of different cultures. The novel Parvana by Deborah Ellis explores various facets of the Afghani culture. Buy Uk Essays! One of the prominent features of this text is the impact of war. In addition, Ellis looks into. “ Parvana is a story of toefl guide hope” Discuss The story Parvana is a lot about hope.

Deborah Ellis has created Parvana and the other characters to be hopeful. Deborah Ellis has made the story Parvana to make my assignment be hopeful and optimistic not about fear even during the essay guide, terrible things they face. Parvana’s father gets. In Deborah Ellis ’ novel Parvana , Parvana and constitutionnelle her family struggle to live under the harsh rule of the essay, Taliban in Afghanistan. Parvana becomes an increasingly aware adolescent as she attempts to meet challenges. Parvana demonstrates emerging maturity when she dresses up as a boy, acknowledges the realities.

What Are the Three Most Important Themes Raised by the Novel Parvana by Deborah Ellis? What are the three most important themes raised by the novel Parvana by Deborah Ellis ? In the novel, Parvana , it has been suggested that there are a number of themes, however there are three themes which are more significant than the others. Having to masquerade as a boy to gain access to the outside. ? Deborah Ellis novel Parvana explores how human can survive in thesis definition, near to impossible situations and misfortune, however Parvana not only essay, survives but thrives. O Brother Essay! The novel is set in Afghanistan at the height of the theocracy where her father has lost a leg her brother has been killed by a mine and essay her mother. people don't say out buy uk essays, loud —blacks don't swim —and Jim Ellis , portrayed by Terrence Howard, paired with gruff Bernie Mac as a janitor hanging around the run down rec center, challenges those pre-conceived notions. Guide! Howard plays the role right, slipping Ellis into a job beneath his ability, quietly aching with. ? Parvana This essay is about the book Parvana written by Deborah Ellis and it’s about gender inequality in Afghanistan and how it has a major affect on the women especially Parvana is an 11 Year old girl growing up in Afghanistan and faces everyday. Is There Any Place for buy uk essays, Teaching Grammar in a Formal Manner? Give Reasons for Your Answer and Include a Discussion of What You Mean by ‘a Formal Manner’.

facilitative in all ease, and may be necessary for adult acquisition of unnecessary grammatical features. Formal grammar teaching can improve accuracy [ Ellis (1989); Pica (1985); Lightbown and Spada (1990)], it can accelerate acquisition when learners are ready (Pienemann, 1987), it can help eliminate inappropriate. therapy (REBT) was the first distinct therapeutic approach to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and was developed in the mid 1950’s by Albert Ellis ( Ellis , 2002). Toefl Essay Guide! The client mentioned above would most likely be a good candidate REBT. A REBT therapist would encourage this client to replace his irrational. move from Mexico to America(Los Angeles) and why her mother is the most influential person in her life. Sandler plays as John Clasky ,whose wife Deborah (Tea Leoni) hires Flor as a housekeeper/nanny to watch over the Clasky household and make my assignment their two kids: the troublesome Georgie (Ian Hyland) and the. Robert Gaudiosi A New England Nun In this story, A New England Nun by Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman, Louisa Ellis (the new England nun) waits for essay guide, a man for where art thou essay, fourteen years to marry her Louisa holds the guilt of guide having Joe Daggat as her first lover. Thesis! In these 14 years, she is stuck in a spotlessly. Parvana is a novel written by Deborah Ellis . Parvana and Shauzia are 2 young girls who life in a Taliban ruled country, known as Afghanistan.

Both girls are faced with many difficulties throughout the novel. Toefl Guide! The 2 girls are given the o brother where art thou essay, chance to leave the war-torn country and Shauzia immediately takes. The Kallikak family was the subject one of his many publications based on his field research and toefl guide was based on the family of a Vineland student named Deborah . Kallikak is a pseudonym created from the Greek words kallos (beauty) and kakos (bad). Goddard divided the family into two groups. One was considered. Deborah Sampson: America's First Woman Warrior. Deborah Sampson: America's First Woman Warrior By Alma H. Bond, Ph.D. Definition! Http://alma_bond.tripod.com The first woman who officially served in the American army during. SOC 305 WEEK 5 FINAL PAPER ASHFORD A++ GUARANTEED. [email protected] SOC 305 WEEK 5 FINAL PAPER ASHFORD 100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEED Effects and Solutions to Drug Abuse Name SOC 305 Crime Society Deborah Tremblay Introduction SOC 305 Week 5 Final Paper Ashford.

Drug abuse is continuous use of substances like alcohol in quantities or with ways unacceptable. Judaism Death and Mourning Rituals. considered an avel. The anniversary of the deceased's passing is known as Yahrzeit. Toefl! Each year on the day of the funeral, Kaddish is recited. O Brother Where Essay! Deborah Lipstadt's father was a member of the Chevra Kadisha, and hence played a very important role in the Jewish religious community. Toefl Essay Guide! He was constantly. founding brothers by joseph j ellis. disagreements and arguing. Joseph Ellis depicts the start of our nation and how it needed patience and buy uk essays countless hours.

In order for this to happen, everyone needed to be on the same page and work together instead of toefl trying to build everything their own way. In this book, Ellis tries to buy uk essays tell the essay guide, story of. were seated and who were eating and it manager cover for resume listening to guide a woman who said, “Hello my name is Sheila and I’m a addict. Here to speak for quarterly tony abbott, Sheila tonight is Deborah .” A woman dressed in a black knit dress began to essay approach the front of the room. She stopped to give a bunch of balloons that said “Congratulations”. Choose Three Major Incidents and Explain What Each Incident Says About Elli’s Qualities as a Leader. realise that noone is around, when Elli blows up the soldiers with the lawnmower and the rescue of Lee. Make My Assignment! 'Rack off guys! I’ll never get this done. I haven't got a clue where to start and essay I can't concentrate with all this noise.' this was one of the first lines written by Elli that caught my eye. From those. EPH L WASINGER CRAIG M WASTELL SAMUEL WASYLIN BOGUSLAWA WASZKIEL TRACY L WATANABE ROBERT W WATERFIELD ROBERT DANIEL WATERMAN DEBORAH WATERS KENNETH WATERS MARCENA WATERS MICHAEL J WATERS TIMOTHY WATERS ANTHONY W WATFORD BENJAMIN R WATFORD DONALD B WATFORD . important point is not the end goal, but all the experiential lessons that are overcome on the way.

We call that life. In the Breadwinner, written by it manager letter, Deborah Ellis , this story tells the reader about one little girl and her family’s struggles fighting against the Taliban, a group who want to make new rules in. concepts Plot- the main events of a play, novel, film, or similar work, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence The book Parvana is about an 11-year-old girl living in Afghanistan, under the extreme Taliban regime. Toefl Essay Guide! The Taliban ban women from essay, going outside without a man and Afghan. the charming and handsome stranger” (Church 21). Contrary to Sylvia, the protagonist Louisa Ellis in, by, alienates herself “from the community of human experience” (Csicsila 2) according to “Louisa Ellis and the Unpardonable Sin: Alienation from the Community of Human Experience as Theme in guide, Mary Wilkins. Melena Rimsky The History of essay abbott NYC Course No. GHS 306QM Ellis Island Professor Brown Spring 2013 April 15, 2013 1 Ellis Island: Portal to the American Dream We all came to this country in search for something. Something that we hoped will bring us incredible freedom: from our past, in guide, our present.

Pakistan and Real Life Afghanistan. Parvana by Deborah Ellis Parvana is thesis essay, a book that is closely based on guide real life Afghanistan. The book is about a young girl’s fight to survive. Parvana is a 12-year-old girl and she lives in an area that is under the control of the Taliban Regime, a group religious extremist. They enforce violent. Alienation The two books that have been examined thoroughly are the Kite Runner by Khalid Hussein and Parvana’s journey by Deborah Ellis . “They called him flat-nosed because of Ali and Hassan’s characteristic Hazara Mongoloid features.” (Hosseini 9) Being alienated from society through poverty and. Biography of quarterly essay abbott Deborah Sampson: Early Life Deborah Sampson was born on the 17th of December, 1760 to Jonathan and Deborah Bradford Sampson.

She had seven more siblings. Her family was poor and their father left them when Deborah was just 5 years old. At the age of 10, she was indentured as a servant. The Interesting Fishing Experience. memory. I want to thank my father for giving me such a meaningful present. Website: http://picture-book.com/users/ deborah -zemke The designer: Deborah Zemake The picture’s name: Baiting the hook It published on That’s What Granpas Are For (2008-06).

particularly in toefl guide, their spoken discourse. In my investigation, I hope to incorporate and challenge the previous studies made by Linguists such as Deborah Cameron and Deborah Tannen. These will also be aligned with traditional and modern voting behaviour in art thou essay, the UK to assess the contexts and responses Politicians. BSHS 312 Week 3 Team Assignment Behavioral Cognitive Tools Beck Depression Inventory. interventions are a set of toefl guide techniques and therapies practiced in counseling. Cognitive intervention is based largely on the social learning theory. Albert Ellis and essay Aaron Beck are largely the ones given credit to cognitive intervention. Cognitive interventions emphasize the role of toefl essay guide learning and adaptation to.

Book Review of Parvana's Journey in the Form of a Letter. ?Dear Mr IDon’tKnow, I am writing to quarterly essay abbott you to essay tell you about it manager letter for resume, a fantastic book called Parvana’s Journey written by guide, Deborah Ellis in 2002. Make My Assignment! It is set in essay guide, war-torn Afghanistan in 2001-2002 when the Americans invaded. Write Thesis! Houses have been bombed and villages abandoned. I t was a terrifying place to live because. traditionally cooked turtle meat.

This implies that they share the toefl, belief, tradition, and the history. Deborah Mailman said that she felt embarrassed to her ancestors for not throwing a boomerang properly. Deborah would felt it is bitter and abbott distressed, because she has found something that makes her different. ? The novel Parvana is set in Afghanistan and shows the difficult life of a family, who live in a war torn country. The family in focus consists of Parvana , Mrs Weera and Nooria. The members became distraught as their father was taken from their house by the Taliban, a violent religious military group. concepts is personality. In our E-book, Personality can be defined as an toefl essay guide, individual inherent personal way of life or way of thinking and doing things ( Deborah Licht, 2014). Everybody has their individual personality. Letter! Understanding people’s personality is very relevant and important to essay my career and my future. Parvana’s Essay Parvana’s Essay Parvana by Deborah Ellis is a brave girl, do you agree?

Yes I agree that Parvana is a brave girl because she has a great skill using things and she has a great imagination of planning things out and also she’s a survivor. Parvana has to do it for the family because. PARVANA In the novel “ Parvana ,” by Deborah Ellis Parvana faces a lot of challenges because of the Taliban and their laws. The theme of family courage and hope are used throughout the entire novel and are demonstrated in different ways by Parvana , her family and her friends. Parvana and buy uk essays her. Cleisthenes and his father was a famous general.

Pericles was a Great leader who made a difference to the past and the present culture of life today. ( Ellis , Esler 112) The Age of toefl guide Pericles lasted from 460 B.C. to o brother 429 B.C. and is also called the Golden Age. Pericles had a powerful family with a ruling. think that New York’s Ellis Island is the only immigrant port but there are other ports in Boston and guide San Francisco. Buy Uk Essays! About twelve million people went through Ellis Island which is a small island in New York located just off the New Jersey coast, near the Statue of Liberty. Ellis Island used to be. Social Issues in toefl essay guide, Parvana by Deborah Ellis. the novel Parvana by Deborah Ellis there were many characters who were affected by the war in Afghanistan and my assignment one of them is Parvana . Parvana had many experiences some of them were cruelty of war, cruelty of the Taliban, the discrimination against women and essay guide friendship. Firstly, parvana experiences. Overcoming adversity means overcoming a hard time or circumstance and buy uk essays moving forward in a positive way.

The novel, Parvana’s Journey was written by toefl, Deborah Ellis and letter published in 2002 and the film, Rabbit Proof Fence was directed by Phillip Noyce and released in 2002. Parvana’s Journey is fiction yet based. Ellis Island and toefl essay Angel Island WORDS OF AWESOMENESS PROCESSING OF ELLIS ISLAND A. Step 1 1. In 1892, new arrivals were taken by ferry to the main building at Ellis Island. 2. The first immigrant to plan arrive was a 15-year-old girl from Ireland named Annie Moore who had joined her parents in New. Speak and the Breadwinner: Coming of Age in Literature. of the most important in literature. Toefl Essay Guide! The coming of age theme is found in write, many pieces of literature, such as Laurie Halse Anderson’s Speak and Deborah Ellis ’ The Breadwinner. The main characters in both of these young adult novels experience growth and change in their own ways. In Laurie Halse Anderson’s.

Forgotten Ellis Island Throughout this extremely information movie I learned a lot of essay guide new things about Ellis Island and how much these poor immigrants risked for a dream of a better life. From 1880-1924 twenty five million immigrants left home and travel across seas to letter for resume come to Ellis Island due to toefl essay such. Is Criminal Behavior Determined Biologically (Outline) maternal self-reported alcohol use associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 25, 283-287. Plan Dissertation Constitutionnelle! Ellis , L., Walsh, A. (1997). Gene-based evolutionary theories in criminology, Criminology, 35(2). Fishbein, D.H. Essay! (2001). Biobehavioural Perspectives. Response 1 The Breadwinner by Deborah Ellis is thesis definition, set in essay guide, war-ravaged Kabul, Afghanistan during the cover for resume, Taliban’s rule of the country.

The quote, “There had been a war going on in Afghanistan for more than twenty years”(13) indicates that it probably took place in the Taliban’s early rule between 1996 and 1998. Afghan Refugees and Topic Sentence. ?QUESTION: In The Breadwinner, Parvana goes from being a normal kid to taking on guide her father's role as the chief supporter of her family. In the letter for resume, process, she has to mature much faster than she expected. Toefl Essay Guide! Write an essay in which you describe how Parvana's experiences forced her to grow up quickly. . computer. The same was realized about her friend Ralph. Cover For Resume! He was in love with the computer. Everything about the computer fascinated him. Essay Guide! (Author Deborah Tannen; paragraph 1, pg.

630 Reasoning Writing Well A Rhetoric, Research Guide, Reader, and Handbook 4th edition) She is not; it just serves her. Introduction. O Brother Where Art Thou! Within the Novel Parvana , Deborah Ellis demonstrates and establishes how to and how not to toefl cope with terror and terrible events, living under the antagonist, Taliban. The novel Parvana is written within the context of Afghanistan being a war-torn, difficult country to live in where discrimination. also within the Song of Deborah where Shamgar is described as having been one of the prior rulers in whose days roads were abandoned with travelers taking winding paths and village life collapsing. Shamgar served for ten years during which are shown in Judges 3:31. Deborah was a prophetess and the. provides a 167-horsepower 2.0-liter inline four-cylinder engine, a five-speed manual transmission, available in write, a hard or soft top. The stylish Perry Ellis inspired interior, features a functional, driver-focused control layout.

Matched with great fuel economy, versatility and reliability, this compact. analyses and puts into toefl perspective the behemoth that became synonymous with high-flying dealmakers and aggressiveness on make Wall Street. Charles D. Ellis , who for 30 years was a managing partner of Greenwich Associates, an international strategy consulting company, has attempted a-first-of-its-kind and. SOC 305 WEEK 5 FINAL PAPER ASHFORD A++ GUARANTEED. [email protected] SOC 305 WEEK 5 FINAL PAPER ASHFORD 100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEED Effects and Solutions to toefl essay guide Drug Abuse Name SOC 305 Crime Society Deborah Tremblay Introduction SOC 305 Week 5 Final Paper Ashford. Drug abuse is continuous use of substances like alcohol in quantities or with ways unacceptable. takes place in o brother where art thou essay, Los Angeles. Toefl Essay! It is about a house cleaner named, Flor who came from Mexico, a single mother who has to support her daughter, Cristina. Thesis Definition Essay! Deborah hires Flor to be her housekeeper. Neither woman is perfect but both try to toefl be perfect in buy uk essays, their own way, they do not take each other criticism, And. Simone Mann Ms.

Gutestein Deborah Ellis Deborah Ellis started writing at age 11-12 inspired at a young age she grasped her talent. As a kid she was constantly moving from place to place due to her father’s work, and used writing as a coping method. Toefl Essay! When she grew up, her work and writing was mainly. nursing? The ultimate nursing goal emphatically must be to keep individuals, families, and communities as healthy and whole as possible. McEwen and Ellis (2014) emphasized that the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 has contributed to health care challenges, to include health care financing. to India. Britain’s main goal for India was originally to make money ( Ellis and Esler.

World History: Connections to today. Prentice Hall, 2001). Other things that Britain did like outlawing sati, and working to end slavery ( Ellis and Elser. World History: Connections to today. Prentice Hall, 2001) weren’t. this novel, which is one of thesis definition her most popular novels.

In the novel, Joanne Greenburg tells about a teenager named Deborah that deals with her schizophrenia she obtained at age five. Deborah did not want to deal with the toefl guide, real world. This is quarterly essay tony abbott, why she acquired her schizophrenia. She created her own world. man inherently good or inherently bad”. Deborah believes that all human beings live in a world of good and evil (Zimbardo, 2007). Deborah believes that just because a person is essay guide, raised in where art thou essay, a bad environment does not mean that that person will be bad. Deborah believes that a person could be raised in. Parvana Parvana is set in Kabul, Afghanistan under the extreme Taliban. Toefl! The Taliban banned women from going outside without a man and declare that all women must be covered up with a burqua.

Deborah Ellis described that Afghanistan is a very brutal and terrifying place to essay tony live, in the books she also. boutique in New York City. Toefl! It was there where he was introduced to Perry Ellis who gave Marc a lot of hope. Write Definition! When he graduated high school, he studied at toefl guide the Parsons School of Art and Design in New York where he won the it manager for resume, Perry Ellis Golden Thimble award in 1984. Jacob designed and sold his first line of.