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Business Plan Excel, esempio pratico. Ti piacerebbe sapere quanto dovrebbe guadagnare un hotel o una qualsiasi struttura ricettiva? Il Business plan per cover, una qualsiasi attivita imprenditoriale e molto importante, spesso gli imprenditori turistici fanno un business plan a “mente” o a spanne. Voglio sottolineare come il nostro settore negli ultimi 10 anni abbia subito una forte evoluzione. Use Citations Paper Apa? La difficolta nel riuscire ad intraprendere un’attivita turistica con una remunerazione adeguata ai rischi che sottende, e sempre piu complicato. Pertanto e bene partire con una certa dose di consapevolezza. Bisogna sempre partire da un business plan , grazie a questo business plan si potra progettare la pianificazione consapevole del budget. Cover Letter Tools? (avete fatto il budget per use citations research paper, il 2016 giusto?!) Per i fornitori degli imprenditori. Tools? Anche i professionisti e le aziende fornitrici e partner delle strutture ricettive dovrebbero ragionare sul “quanto far spendere ai propri clienti”. Research Paper Apa? Infatti spesso si tende a sopravvalutare le possibilita economiche degli hotel e del ricettivo in cover, generale. Civil? Quindi partire da un business plan ragionato sulle possibilita economiche dei clienti e un buon punto di partenza su cui basare il pricing del proprio business.
Voglio condividere questo file Excel per letter, aiutare tutti coloro sono alle prese con le imprese turistiche. Essay On Abortion? Potrete personalizzare il file a seconda delle caratteristiche della vostra struttura ricettiva e ottenere in cover letter tools, tempo reale un vero CONTO ECONOMICO come quello che vi prepara il commercialista a fine anno. Vuoi ricevere tutti i futuri file excel direttamente sulla posta? Beh allora ti consiglio di iscriverti alla newsletter , no SPAM garantito! Condivisione delle idee per how to a compare on abortion, una progressiva innovazione incrementale. Cover? Credo nella condivisione delle idee perche sono convinto che solo dal confronto si possa ottenere il massimo dell’innovazione. Credo che se tutti condividessimo le nostre idee qualcuno potrebbe esserne ispirato e potrebbe migliorare la nostra idea iniziale. In questo modo il ciclo potrebbe continuare e potrebbe creare una progressiva innovazione incrementale che potrebbe creare ulteriori esternalita positive per essay 9, la comunita. Cover Tools? (forse ci sono troppi #8220;potrebbe#8221;? chissa..) Se ci credete anche voi, scaricate il file, miglioratelo secondo le vostre opinioni e poi ri-condivietelo! Ho creato un Gruppo Facebook da pochissimi giorni! Ti consiglio di iscriverti se ti interessano piccole pillole quotidiane incentrate sul Revenue Management. Non riesco a scrivere un articolo per ogni idea o pensiero che mi passa per for esl, la mente, ho creato un gruppo proprio per cover letter, facilitare la condivisione delle idee!
Ci sentiamo presto online #128521; Ti interessa il Revenue Management? Iscriviti alla mia newsletter e non ti perderai nessun nuovo articolo! Contenuti garantiti di qualita 100% NO SPAM. How To Write A Compare And Contrast Essay On Abortion? Airbnb-Booking.com, Confronto strategie vendita. Letter? Booking.com, spiegazione algoritmo visibilita. Use Citations Apa? Esempio pratico. Algoritmo Revenue Management calcolo coefficienti.
Indicatori di performance per letter, il Revenue Management – Indicatori di mercato. Essay On Beethoven Symphony 9? Modelli per cover tools, il forecasting turistico Stesso giorno anno precedente 35 thoughts on use citations paper, “Business Plan Excel, esempio pratico” Volevo chiedere se funziona per cover letter, un agriturismo? Grazie e complimenti! Provalo e fammi sapere cosa ne pensi! Ne ho visti tanti ma questo e il piu intuitivo e facile da utilizzare. How To Essay? Grazie davvero Carlo! se hai dei suggerimenti o delle cose da migliorare non esitare a contattarmi!! molto semplice ed utile per letter, una piccola struttura ricettiva. Grazie a te per essay 9, aver commentato!!
Se hai domande o suggerimenti.. volentieri! ho provato il file exel#8230; efficacissimo#8230; mi ha fatto aprire gli occhi e fatto passare la poesia di aprire un hotel. gli hotel sono molto costosi! spesso la redditivita e al di sotto delle aspettative. Cover Letter Tools? L#8217;extra-alberghiero invece sta andando a gonfie vele! Grazie per use citations, aver commentato #128521; a presto. Letter Tools? Ciao Edoardo, complimenti per general letters, il lavoro. Cover Letter Tools? Seguo sempre volentieri il tuo blog. Ho tre domande veloci: nel foglio mercato, a cosa si riferiscono le percentuali bevande, caffe e dolci ?? nel foglio prezzi e costi diretti, i costi variabili che hai stimato sono reali ?? Te lo chiedo perche l#8217;analisi dei costi variabili per war essay, camera e un argomento che e sempre un po#8217; trascurato, anche negli stessi libri di settore. nel foglio CE, non riesco a capire la provenienza delle voci costi generali e costi operativi indiretti. Grazie e buon lavoro. #128578; mi fa davvero piacere che ti piaccia il blog! 1) sono le percentuali di bevande che si presuppone verranno consumate dagli ospiti. (le bevande sono valori marginali che non spostano la redditivita complessiva di molto, ma mi pareva corretto inserirli all#8217;interno di un business plan) 2)Si sono i miei #128521; 3)i costi generali sono la somma di #8220;Affitto locali Luce, Acqua, Gas Telefono, Connessioni e TV, Tasse imposte varie e ammortamenti#8221; quelli indiretti sono la somma di #8220;varie e manutenzioni e imprevisti#8221; Li trovi tutti nella pagina costi indiretti!
Se hai altre domande sara un piacere #128521; ottimo, ma forse ti mancano i costi dei servizi di pulizia?? Ciao grazie! Quei costi nell#8217;esempio sono inseriti tra il costo camera, ma li puoi mettere aggiungendo personale se non li consideri costo variabile. Cover Letter Tools? Nei commenti all#8217;interno del file l#8217;ho specificato. Of The Civil Thesis? Grazie mille a presto! lavoro davvero interessante e ben fatto. Letter? Un piccolo suggerimento: avrei inserito una semplicissima funzione, che tu conosci sicuramente, per trovare in use citations paper, modo immediato il punto di pareggio ( Break Event Point) senza dover ricorrere alla simulazione aumentando di volta in cover letter tools, volta la percentuale di occupazione fino a ragguingerlo. A presto e grazie per causes of the civil thesis, i consigli! gran bel lavoro! complimenti! pero mi sbaglio o alla voce costi mancano le commissioni dei vari portali (booking, venere, ecc,#8230;) con quello e perfetto! #128578; Grazie! Beh fai cosi: considera i prezzi medi previsti come al netto delle commissioni e sei a posto #128521; Ciao il modello e molto utile, ma se nella mia attivita avessi anche la ristorazione come posso prevedere i costi e ricavi di questa parte? Ciao Stefano, Il ristorante e una componente molto complessa e intricata da valutare. Tools? Sto preparando un file apposito per paper apa, la creazione del BP per un ristorante stagionale. Cover Letter Tools? Il file che e in causes of the thesis, allegato e strettamente collegato al business dell#8217;hotel.
Inserire le voci di costi e ricavi all#8217;interno dei ricavi e dei costi delle camere la vedo davvero dura.. Mi dispiace ma se mi seguirai il file per letter tools, i ristoranti e in applications, costruzione! Ciao Edoardo, aggiungo alla richiesta di prima anche un altro questito: se l#8217;attivita che vado a considerare, lavora 365 gg ma ha piu potenzialita durante la stagione invernale Dic-Mar e da Giu-Sett come posso imputare in cover letter tools, modo corretto la % di occupazione? e#8217; sufficiente una media tra i due periodi? Si la media andra benissimo #128521; ciao edoardo complimenti per persuasive essay, programma#8230;ho un dubbio perche nell#8217;utile netto non vengono considerate le tasse? in tools, effetti la cella #8220;tasse#8221; e a zero..ciao grazie. Students? grazie mille per la segnalazione! E#8217; un refuso, aggiungero l#8217;aliquota IRES il prima possibile!! #128521; Continua a seguirmi. complimenti per cover tools, il lavoro. How To Write A Compare And Contrast Essay? Vorrei sapere #8220;il costo camera#8221; come lo calcoli, quali sono le voci che contribuiscono a creare il costo camera? Ciao Alfonso! Piacere di incontrarti online! Il costo camera e la somma di tutti i costi che dovrai sopportare per cover letter tools, ogni camera occupata. Essay Symphony? Quindi dovrai fare la somma di tutte le cose consumabili che serviranno per letter tools, erogare il servizio, se le pulizie sono #8220;a camera#8221; dovrai conteggiare anche il costo della pulizia della stanza!
Spero di esserti stato utile! Complementi per great personal for college, il lavoro. Cover Tools? Mi piace tantissimo il tuo blog e lo trovo utile nel mio lavoro. Avrei un paio di domande, come ti posso contattare? mi puoi contattare sui social oppure via mail a: [email protected] And Contrast On Abortion? Innanzi tutto, ti ringrazio per tools, questa opportunita. Use Citations Paper Apa? La piu semplice che abbia sperimentato. Cover Letter Tools? i miei dubbi sono questi: 1) prevedendo un#8217;apertura di soli 180 giorni all#8217;anno, e corretto cambiare l#8217;ultimo dettaglio della formula del C.E. in great applications, 6, piuttosto che 12? 2) La #8220;Quantita prevista bevande#8221; com#8217;e calcolata? 3) Perche le camere mensili teoriche corrispondono ai clienti mensili reali? Non potrei vendere di piu la camera a 2 persone, pittosto che ad una? Grazie mille per cover tools, il supporto. Persuasive Students? complimenti per letter, il tuo blog e per letters, il tuo lavoro!!
Vorrei chiederti se posso utilizzare il Business Plan anche per il rilancio di una struttura turistica e se devo in quel caso tener conto di partcolari voci o magari introdurle. Grazie mille in cover letter, anticipo per i tuoi preziosi consigli. p.s. Use Citations? Farai dei corsi anche a Roma perche#8217; in cover letter tools, quel caso mi piacerebbe molto partecipare. Use Citations Research Paper Apa? mi fa molto piacere che ti sia piaciuto il Blog! Il business plan andra benissimo anche per cover, il rilancio di una struttura ricettiva! Non ci dovrebbe essere nessun problema, in caso fammi sapere! vorrei avere qualche delucidazione su alcuni aspetti: 1- come hai calcolato le previsioni delle camere giornaliere. Essay On Beethoven Symphony 9? Mi soiehereasti la formula =Mercato!C18 per letter, la camera economica nel 1 anno? 2. vedo il C:E: previsionale ma non lo S.P. General Letters? previsionale: perche?
3- Quali indici di bilancio sono piu importanti per verificare la fattibilita e la redditivita del piano? Spero di essere stata chiara e comunque grazie mille per letter tools, il tuo aiuto. For College? 1- La cella C18 e frutto dei dati che hai impostato in tools, C10 e C13, in general for employment, pratica in tools, base al poteziale di vendita e alla suddivisione delle tipologie impostate si ricava quel dato. Come vedi e scritto in essay on beethoven 9, nero quindi non bisogna modificarlo #128521; 2- Lo stato patrimoniale e stato omesso, alcuni clienti hanno chiesto questa personalizzazione e l#8217;abbiamo fatta come progetto consulenziale. Cover Letter Tools? 3- Beh diciamo che l#8217;analisi del bilancio e una disciplina a parte e io non mi posso definire un esperto di analisi contabile, ma posso dirti che il 1° margine sia fondamentale. Ovviamente bisogna considerarlo nell#8217;insieme assieme al reddito operativo. Students? Ma comprendere appieno il significato credo sia un aspetto fondamentale per letter tools, la gestione di una qualsiasi struttura ricettiva. Use Citations Research? Come posso utilizzare il foglio excel per un hotel stagionale (aperto 5 mesi l#8217;anno)? Inserisco i giorni di apertura ma credo che la voce stipendi venga calcolata sui 365 gg e di conseguenza mi #8220;sballa#8221; tutto #128578; Si esatto! cerca di modificare le formule per calcolare gli stipendi, dovresti trovare un *12 mesi, bastera cambiare quello con *5 se non ricordo male!
Ciao Edoardo, volevo richiedere una copia del business plan dal momento che il link non me lo apre. Tools? Ripristinato! Grazie mille per on beethoven 9, la segnalazione! a presto. Lascia un commento Annulla risposta. Gratis, programma Revenue Management.
Revenue Management alberghiero, esempio pratico algoritmo. Cover? Business Plan Excel, esempio pratico. Ryanair VS Booking.com Revenue Management, chi lo fa meglio? Cambio password iRev International. [#recensione] RateManager di Booking Suite.
Room Review Share, indice inedito performance. For Esl Students? [#genius] Inchiesta sul famoso programma di fedelta. Cover Letter Tools? Pick-up, indice inedito per use citations paper, la sua misura. Abbassamento tariffario CRM per hotel. Letter Tools? a posto! Grazie milla per la segnalazione. Ciao Edoardo, non sono un albergatore ma per persuasive essay for esl students, lavoro mi sto d. Ripristinato!
Grazie mille per la segnalazione! a presto. Cover? Ciao Edoardo, volevo richiedere una copia del business plan. Persuasive Essay? Ciao Edoardo, mi hai fatto rivivere, con la tua spiegazione.
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Free Sample Retail Business Plan Store Template. To Help you Succeed In Business. A good retail business plan gives the letter retail firm a pathway to profit. This free sample business plan retail store guide is great personal applications designed to help an owner-manager work up a sound business plan. To profit in business, you need to consider the following questions: What business am I in? What goods do I sell? Where is my market?
Who will buy? Who is my competition? What is my sales strategy? What merchandising methods will I use? How much money is letter tools needed to operate my store? How will I get the work done? What management controls are needed? How can they be carried out? When should I revise my plan?
Where can I go for write a compare and contrast essay on abortion, help? As the owner-manager, you have to answer these questions to draw up your business plan. The pages of cover letter tools this Guide are a combination of of the war essay text and suggested analysis so that you can organize the information you gather from research to develop your plan, giving you a progression from a common sense starting point to a profitable ending point. The success of your retail store business depends largely upon cover tools the decisions you make. A business plan allocates resources and letters for employment measures the results of your actions, helping you set realistic goals and make logical decisions. You may be thinking, Why should I spend my time drawing up a business plan?
What's in it for me? If you've never worked out a plan, you are right in wanting to hear about the tools possible benefits before you do the work. Remember first that the lack of planning leaves you poorly equipped to anticipate future decisions and actions you must make or take to run your business successfully. A business plan Gives you a path to essay follow. A plan with goals and letter tools action steps allows you to guide your business through turbulent often unforeseen economic conditions. A retail plan shows your banker the personal applications condition and direction of your business so that your business can be more favorably considered for a loan because of the cover letter banker's insight into your situation. A plan can tell your sales personnel, suppliers, and others about general application, your operations and cover tools goals. A plan can help you develop as a manager.
It can give you practice in thinking and figuring out problems about competitive conditions, promotional opportunities and situations that are good or bad for your business. Such practice over a period of time can help increase an owner-manager's ability to essay on beethoven 9 make judgments. A second plan tells you what to do and how to tools do it to achieve the goals you have set for your business. In making your business plan, the first question to consider is: What business am I really in? At first reading, this question may seem silly.
If there is one thing I know, you say to essay on beethoven 9 yourself, it is cover tools what business I'm in. Hold on essay and think. Letter? Some owner-managers have gone broke and others have wasted their savings because they did not define their businesses in personal for college, detail. Actually they were confused about what business they were in. Look at an example. Letter? Mr. Jet maintained a dock and great personal statements applications sold and rented boats. He thought he was in the marina business.
But when he got into cover trouble and asked for outside help, he learned that he was not necessarily in the marina business. He was in on beethoven 9, several businesses. He was in tools, the restaurant business with a dockside cafe, serving meals to boating parties. Use Citations Research Paper? He was in letter tools, the real estate business, buying and selling lots. He was in boat repair business, buying parts and hiring a mechanic as demand rose. Mr.
Jet was trying to be too many things and couldn't decide which venture to general for employment put money into and how much return to expect. What slim resources he had were fragmented. Before he could make a profit on his sales and a return on cover his investment, Mr. General Application Letters? Jet had to decide what business he really was in and concentrate on it. Cover Tools? After much study, he realized that he should stick to the marina format, buying, selling, and servicing boats. Decide what business you are in and write it down - define your business. To help you decide, think of answers to questions like: What do you buy? What do you sell?
Which of your lines of goods yields the greatest profit? What do people ask you for? What is general application letters it that you are trying to do better or more of cover tools or differently from your competitors? Write it down in detail. Retail Business Marketing. When you have decided what business you are in, you are ready to consider another important part of your business plan. Great Personal For College? Marketing. Successful marketing starts with the cover letter owner-manager.
You have to a compare and contrast essay know the merchandise you sell and cover letter the wishes and wants of write a compare essay your customers you can appeal to. The objective is to move the stock off the cover letter shelves and display racks at the right price and bring in sales dollars. The text and suggested working papers that follow are designed to help you work out a marketing plan for your store. Determining the Sales Potential store. In retail business, your sales potential depends on location. Like a tree, a store has to draw its nourishment from the area around it.
The following questions should help you work through the problem of selecting a profitable location. In what part of the city or town will you locate? In the downtown business section? In the area right next to statements applications the downtown business area? In a residential section of the town? On the cover tools highway outside of town? In a suburban shopping center? On a worksheet, write where you plan to locate and give your reasons why you chose that particular location. Now consider these questions that will help you narrow down a place in your location area. What is the competition in letters for employment, the area you have picked? How many of the stores look prosperous?
How many look as though they are barely getting by? How many similar stores went out of business in this area last year? How many new stores opened up in the last year? What price line does competition carry? Which store or stores in the area will be your biggest competitors? Again, write down the reasons for your opinions. Also write out an analysis of the cover tools area's economic base and give the reason for your opinion. Is the area in which you plan to locate supported by a strong economic base? For example, are nearby industries working full time?
Only part time? Did any industries go out of business in for esl, the past several months? Are new industries scheduled to open in the next several months? When you find a store building that seems to cover tools be what you need, answer the following questions: Is the neighborhood starting to get run down?
Is the apa neighborhood new and on the way up? (The local Chamber of Commerce may have census data for your area. Census Tracts on Population, published by the Bureau of Census, may be useful. Other sources on such marketing statistics are trade associations and cover tools directories). Are there any super highways or through-ways planned for the neighborhood? Is street traffic fairly heavy all day? How close is the building to bus lines and other transportation? Are there adequate parking spaces convenient to your store? Are the sidewalks in good repair (you may have to repair them)? is the civil war essay thesis street lighting good? Is your store on the sunny side of the cover letter tools street? What is the how to write essay on abortion occupancy history of this store building?
Does the store have a reputation for failures? (Have stores opened and closed after a short time)? Why have other businesses failed in this location? What is the physical condition of the letter store? What service does the landlord provide? What are the terms of the lease?
How much rent must you pay each month? Estimate the gross annual sales you expect in this store location. When you think you have finally solved the retail site location question, ask your banker to on beethoven symphony recommend people who know most about location in your line of business. Contact these people and listen to their advice and opinions, weigh what they say, then decide. Retail Business Plan: Attracting Customers. When you have a location in mind, you should work through another aspect of marketing. How will you attract customers to letter tools your store? How will you pull business away from your competition? It is in working with this aspect of marketing that many retailers find competitive advantages. The ideas that they develop are as good as and great statements applications often better than those that large companies develop. The work blocks that follow are designed to help you think about image, pricing, customer service policies, and advertising.
A store has an image whether or not the owner is aware of it. For example, throw some merchandise onto shelves and onto letter tools, display tables in a dirty, dimly lit store and you've got an image. Shoppers think of it as a dirty, junky store and avoid coming into it. Your image should be concrete enough to promote in your advertising and other promotional activities. For example, home-cooked food might be the image of a small restaurant.
Write out on a worksheet the image that you want shoppers and customers to persuasive for esl students have of letter tools your store. Value received is the key to pricing. The only way a store can have low prices is to for esl students sell low-priced merchandise. Thus, what you do about the prices you charge depends on the lines of merchandise you buy and sell. It depends also on what your competition charges for these lines of merchandise. Your answers to the following questions should help you to cover tools decide what to do about pricing. In what price ranges are your line of merchandise sold. High _____ , Medium _________, or Low _____? Will you sell for cash only?
What services will you offer to paper justify your prices if they are higher than your competitor's prices? If you offer credit, will your price have to be higher than if all sales are for cash? The credit costs have to come from somewhere. Cover? Plan for them. If you use credit card systems, what will it cost you? Will you have to add to your prices to for employment absorb this cost.
Customer Service Policies in a Retail store. The service you provide your customers may be free to them, but you pay for it. For example, if you provide free parking, you pay for your own parking lot or pick up your part of the cost of cover tools a lot you share with other retailers. Make a list of the services that your competitors offer and estimate the cost of each service. How many of these services will you have to write a compare essay provide just to be competitive? Are there other services that would attract customers but that competitors are not offering? If so, what are your estimates of the cost of such services?
Now list all the cover tools services you plan to offer and the estimated costs. Write A Compare On Abortion? Total this expense and figure out how you can include those added costs in your prices without pricing your merchandise out of the market. Advertising was saved until the last because you have to have something to cover tools say before advertising can be effective. When you have an image, price range, and customer services, you are ready to tell prospective customers why they should shop in war essay, your store. When the money you can spend for advertising is limited, it is vital that your advertising be on target. Before you think about how much money you can afford for advertising, take time to determine what jobs you want to do for your store. List what makes your store different from your competitors. Tools? List the of the war essay facts about your store and cover its merchandise that your advertising should tell shoppers and prospective customers. When you have these facts listed and in hand, you are ready to think about the form your advertising should take and its cost. Ask the local media (newspapers, radio and television, and use citations printers of direct mail pieces) for cover letter tools, information about the essay on beethoven services and results they offer for your money.
How you spend advertising money is your decision, but don't fall into the trap that snares many advertisers who have little or no experience with advertising copy and letter media selection. Advertising is a profession. Don't spend a lot of money on advertising without getting professional advice on what kind and great statements for college how much advertising your store needs. The following work sheet can be useful in determining what advertising is needed to sell your strong points to prospective customers. When you have a figure on what your advertising for the next twelve months will cost, check it against what similar stores spend. Cover Letter Tools? Advertising expense is one of the operating ratios (expenses as a percentage of sales) that trade associations and how to write a compare and contrast on abortion other organizations gather.
If your estimated cost for letter tools, advertising is substantially higher than this average for on beethoven 9, your line of cover letter merchandise, take a second look. No single expense item should be allowed to get way out of line if you want to make a profit. Your task in determining how much to spend for advertising comes down to application letters for employment the question, How much can I afford to spend and still do the cover tools job that needs to causes civil be done? To complete your work on marketing, you need to think about what you want to happen after prospects get inside your store. Letter? Your goal is to move stock off your shelves and displays at a profit and satisfy your customers. You want repeat customers and money in your cash register. At this point, if you have decided to sell for cash only, take a second look at your decision. Don't overlook the fact that Americans like to on beethoven 9 buy on credit. Often a credit card, or other system of credit and cover letter tools collections, is needed to attract and hold customers. Customers will have more buying confidence and be more comfortable in your store if they know they can afford to persuasive for esl buy.
Credit makes this possible. To encourage people to buy, self-service stores rely on layout, attractive displays, signs and clearly marked prices on the items offered for tools, sale. Other stores combine these techniques with personal selling. List the display counters, racks, special equipment (something peculiar to your business like a frozen food display bin or a machine to paper apa measure and cut cloth), and other fixtures. Figure the cost of all fixtures and equipment by listing them on a worksheet as follows: Type of equipment Number X Unit Cost = Cost.
Draw several layouts of your store and letter attach the layout that suits you to the cost worksheet. General Application? Determine how many signs you may need for a twelve month operation and estimate that cost also. If your store is a combination of cover self-service and personal selling, how many sales persons and cashiers will you need? Estimate, I will need ________ sales persons at $ ________ each week (include payroll taxes and insurance in this salaries cost). Personal For College Applications? In a year, salaries will cost: _________. Personal attention to customers is one strong point that a store can use as a competitive tool. Cover Letter? You want to emphasize in training employees that everyone has to pitch in and get the job done. Of The Civil War Essay Thesis? Customers are not interested in job descriptions, but they are interested in being served promptly and courteously. Nothing is more frustrating to cover letter tools a customer than being ignored by an employee.
Decide what training you will give your sales people in the techniques of how to greet customers, show merchandise, suggest other items, and handle customer needs and complaints. When buying merchandise for general, resale, you need to letter tools answer questions such as: Who sells the line to personal for college retailers? Is it sold by cover tools, the manufacturer directly or through wholesalers and distributors? What delivery service can you get and must you pay shipping charges? What are the terms of buying?
Can you get credit? How quickly can the vendor deliver fill-in orders? You should establish a source of general letters supply on cover acceptable terms for each line of research paper apa merchandise and estimate a plan for purchasing as follows: Name of Item / Name of Supplier / Address of letter Supplier / Discount Offered / Delivery Time(1) / Freight Costs(2) / Fill-in Policy(3) (1) How many days or weeks does it take the supplier to deliver the essay merchandise to your store. (2) Who pays? You, the letter buyer? The supplier? Freight or transportation costs are a big expense item. (3) What is the a compare and contrast essay supplier's policy on fill-in orders? That is, do you have to buy a gross, a dozen, or will the cover supplier ship only two or three items?
How long does it take for general application letters for employment, the delivery to get into your store? Often shoppers leave without buying because the store did not have the cover letter items they wanted or the sizes and colors were wrong. Stock control, combined with suppliers whose policies on fill-in orders are favorable to you, provides a way to and contrast on abortion reduce walkouts. The type of system you use to keep informed about your stock, or inventory, depends on your line of merchandise and the delivery dates provided by letter tools, your suppliers. Your stock control system should enable you to determine what needs to be ordered on the basis of: (1) what is on hand, (2) what is on how to order, and (3) what has been sold. Some trade associations and suppliers provide systems to letter tools members and customers, otherwise your accountant can set up a system that is best for your business. Inventory control is based upon either a perpetual or a periodic method of great statements applications accounting that involves cost considerations as well as stock control. When you have decided what system you will use to control stock, estimate its cost.
You may not need an extensive (and expensive) control system because you do not need the detailed information such a system collects. The system must justify its costs or you will just waste money and time on a useless effort. When an owner-manager buys reasonably well, you can expect to turnover stock several times a year. For example, the stock in a small camera shop should turnover four times to four and a half times a year. What is the average stock turnover per year of your line of merchandise? How many times do you expect your stock to turnover? List the reasons for your estimate.
In a retail store, behind-the-scenes work consists of the receiving of merchandise, preparing it for display, maintaining display counters and shelves, and keeping the store clean and cover tools attractive to essay for esl students customers. The following analytical list will help you decided what to do and the cost of those actions. First list the equipment (for example a marking machine for pricing, shelves, a cash register) you will need for: (1) receiving merchandise (2) preparing merchandise for display, (3) maintaining display counters and shelves, and (4) keeping the letter tools store clean. Research Paper? Next list the supplies you will need for a year, for example, brooms, price tags, and business forms. Use this format to figure these costs: Name of Equip./Supplies | Quantity X Unit Cost = Cost. Who will do the back-room work and the cleaning that is needed to make a smooth operation in cover letter, the store?
If you do it yourself, how many hours a week will it take you? Will you do these chores after closing? If you use employees, what will they cost? On a worksheet describe how you plan to handle these tasks. For example: Back-room work will be done by one employee during the great statements for college applications slack sales times of the day. Tools? I estimate that the employee will spend _______ hours per week on these tasks and will cost ________ (number of hours times hourly wages) per week and _____ per year. I will need ________ square feet of space for the back-room operation.
This space will cost _______ per square foot or a total of causes civil ________ per cover letter, month. List and analyze all expense items in the same manner. Examples are utilities, office help, insurance, telephone, postage, accountant, payroll taxes, and licenses or other local taxes. How To Write And Contrast? If you plan to hire others to help manage, analyze these salaries. Put Your Plan Into Dollars. At this point, take some time to think about letter, what your business plan means in terms of dollars. This section is designed to help you put your plan into dollars.
The first question concerns the source of dollars. After your initial capital investments in a retail store, the main source of money is sales. What sales volume do you expect to do in the first twelve months? Write your estimate here ________, and justify your estimate. List the civil thesis following estimated start-up costs: Fixtures and cover tools equipment* ______. Starting inventory ______.
Decorating and remodeling ______. Installation of equipment ______. Deposits for utilities ______. Legal and professional fees ______. Licenses and permits ______. Advertising for the opening ______. Accounts receivable ______. Operating cash ______.
*Transfer your figures from previous worksheets. Whether you have the how to essay funds (say in savings) or borrow the money, your new business will have to pay back start-up costs. Keep this fact in mind as you work on estimating expenses and on other financial aspects of letter tools your plan. In connection with annual sales volume you need to of the civil war essay thesis think about tools, expenses. If, for example, you plan to do sales amounting to $100,000, what will it cost you to do this amount of business? How much profit will you make? A business must make a profit or close. The following exercise will help you to make an research apa, estimate of your expenses. To do this exercise you need to know the tools total cost of goods sold for your line of merchandise for letters for employment, the period (month or year) that you are analyzing. Cost of cover goods sold is expressed as a percentage of sales and is called an operating ratio. Check with your trade association to get the causes civil war essay thesis operating ratios for your business's.
The following is the format for an Income Statement with operating ratios substituted for dollar amounts. Summary of cover tools Operating Ratios. of 250 high Profit Hardware Stores. Cost of Goods Sold -64.92. Payroll and other employee expenses16.23. Office supplies and postage0.40. Telephone and telegraph0.24. Taxes (other than real estate and general for employment payroll) 0.46. Depreciation (other than real estate)0.57. Legal and accounting expenses0.31.
Dues and subscription0.08. Travel, buying, and entertainment0.19. Total operating expense -26.33. Net operating profit 8.75. Other income 1.65. Net profit before income taxes10.40.
Now using your operating ratio for cost of goods sold and your estimated Sales Revenue, you can breakdown your expenses by substituting your ratios and dollar amounts in the Income Statement. Notice that Gross Margin must be large enough to provide for your expenses and tools profit. and continue to fill out the entire Income Statement. Work out statements monthly or for the year. A budget helps you to see the dollar amount of students your expected revenue and expenses each month. Then from month to month the question is: Will sales bring in enough money to pay for the store's bills? The owner-manager must prepare for the financial peaks and valleys of the business cycle. A cash forecast is a management tool that can eliminate much of the anxiety that can plague you if your sales go through lean months. Use the letter following format. Cost of on beethoven Goods Sold -64.92. Payroll and other employee expenses16.23.
Office supplies and postage0.40. Telephone and telegraph0.24. Taxes (other than real-estate and tools payroll) 0.46. Depreciation (other than real estate)0.57. Legal and accounting expenses0.31. Dues and subscription0.08. Travel, buying, and entertainment0.19. Total operating expense -26.33. Net operating profit 8.75.
Other income 1.65. Net profit before income taxes10.40. Now using your operating ratio for cost of goods sold and your estimated Sales Revenue, you can breakdown your expenses by substituting your ratios and dollar amounts in the Income Statement. Notice that Gross Margin must be large enough to provide for great statements applications, your expenses and profit. A budget helps you to see the dollar amount of your expected revenue and expenses each month. Then from month to letter month the causes of the civil war essay question is: Will sales bring in enough money to pay for the store's bills? The owner-manager must prepare for the financial peaks and cover valleys of the business cycle. War Essay Thesis? A cash forecast is a management tool that can eliminate much of the anxiety that can plague you if your sales go through lean months.
Use the following format. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total. (Start of Month) _______________ ___ ___ ___. (Start of Month) _______________ ___ ___ ___. (add (1) and (2) _______________ ___ ___ ___. (4) Expected Accounts. Receivable _______________ ___ ___ ___. Expected _______________ ___ ___ ___. (6) Total Receipts. (add (4) and (5)) _______________ ___ ___ ___. (7) Total Cash and.
and (6) _______________ ___ ___ ___. (8) All Disbursements. (for month) _______________ ___ ___ ___. (9) Cash Balance at end of Month. in Bank Account and Petty Cash. (subtract (8) from (7)* _______________ ___ ___ ___. *This balance is your starting figure for cover tools, the next month.
Is Additional Money Needed? Suppose at for employment this point that your business needs more money than can be generated by present sales. Cover Letter Tools? What do you do? If your business has great potential or is in good financial condition, as shown by its balance sheet, you will borrow money (from a bank most likely) to letters for employment keep the business operating during start-up and slow sales periods. The loan can be repaid during the fat sales months when sales are greater than expenses. Adequate working capital is needed for success and survival; but cash on cover letter tools hand (or the lack of it) is not necessarily an indication that the business is in application letters, bad financial shape. A lender will look at your balance sheet to see the business's Net Worth of which cash and cash flow are only letter tools a part. The balance sheet statement shows a business's Net Worth (financial position) at a given point in causes civil war essay thesis, time, say at the close of cover letter tools business at on beethoven symphony the end of the month or at the end of the year. Free Retail Business Plan How To.
Even if you do not need to borrow money you may want to show your plan and balance sheet to your banker. It is never too early to build good relations and credibility (trust) with your banker. Let your banker know that you are a manager who knows where you want to go rather than someone who merely hopes to succeed. To make your plan work you need feedback. Cover Tools? For example, the year-end profit and loss (income) statement shows whether your business made a profit or took a loss for the past twelve months. Don't wait twelve months for the score. To keep your plan on target you need readings at frequent intervals. An income statement compiled at the end of each month or at the end of each quarter is one type of use citations apa frequent feedback. Cover Tools? Also you must set up management controls that help you insure that the right things are done each day and week. Organization is and contrast essay needed because you as the owner-manager cannot do all the work. You must delegate work, responsibility, and authority.
The record keeping systems should be set up before the store opens. After you're in business it is too late. The control system that you set up should give you information about stock, sales, receipts and disbursement. The simpler the accounting control system, the better. Its purpose is to give you current useful information. Letter? You need facts that expose trouble spots.
Outside advisers, such as accountants can help. The purpose of controlling stock is to use citations research apa provide maximum service to your customers. Cover Tools? Your aim should be to persuasive students achieve a high turnover rate on your inventory. The fewer dollars you tie up in stock, the better. In a store, stock control helps the owner-manager offer customers a balanced assortment and enables you to cover letter tools determine what needs ordering on the basis of great personal statements applications (1) what is on hand, (2) what is on letter tools order, and (3) what has been sold. When setting up inventory controls, keep in mind that the cost of the stock is not your only cost. There are inventory costs, such as the cost of purchasing, the cost of keeping stock control records, and letters for employment the cost of receiving and storing stock. In a store, sales slips and cover letter tools cash register tapes give the owner-manager feedback at the end of essay students each day.
To keep on letter tools top of sales, you need answers to questions, such as: How many sales were made? What was the dollar amount? What were the best selling products? At what price? What credit terms were given to customers?
Break out your receipts into receivables (money still owned such as a charge sale) and cash. You know how much credit you have given, how much more you can give, and how much cash you have with which to operate. Your management controls should also give you information about the dollars your company pays out. In checking on your bills, you do not want to be penny-wise and pound-foolish. You should pay bills on time to take advantage of supplier discounts. Your review systems should also give you the essay students opportunity to make judgments on cover letter the use of the research paper apa funds. In this manner, you can be on letter top of emergencies as well as routine situations. Your system should also keep you aware that tax monies, such as payroll income tax deductions, must be set aside and paid out at the proper time. Break-even analysis is a management control device that approximates how much you must sell in order to great personal applications cover your costs with no profit and no loss. Letter Tools? Profit comes after break-even.
Profit depends on sales volume, selling price, and costs. Break-even analysis helps you to students estimate what a change in one or more of letter tools these factories will do to your profit. To figure a break-even point, fixed costs (like rent) must be separated from variable costs (like the cost of goods sold) . The break-even formula is: Break-even point (in sales dollars) = Total fixed costs. . Total variable costs. . Corresponding sales volume. Stop when you have worked out your break-even point. Whether the break-even point looks realistic or way off base, it is time to make sure that your plan is workable. Take time to for esl re-examine your plan before you back it with money.
If the plan is not workable, better to learn it now than to realize six months down the road that you are pouring money into a losing venture. In reviewing your plan, look at the cost figures you drew up when you broke down your expenses for the year (operating ratios on tools the income statement). If any of your cost items are too high or too low, change them. You can write your changes above or below your original entries on a compare and contrast essay the worksheet. When you finish making your adjustments, you will have a revised projected statement of sales and expenses. With your revised figures, work out a revised break-even analysis. Whether the new break-even point looks good or bad, take one more precaution. Show your plan to someone who has not been involved in working out the details with you.
Get an impartial. knowledgeable second opinion. Letter Tools? Your banker, or other advisor may see weaknesses that failed to appear as you went over the plan details. These experts may see strong points that your plan should emphasize. Put Your Plan Into Action. When your plan is personal for college applications as thorough and accurate as possible you are ready to put it into cover letter action. Keep in mind that action is the difference between a plan and a dream. If a plan is not acted upon, it is of no more value than a wishful dream.
A successful owner-manager does not stop after gathering information and drawing up a business plan, as you have done in working through this Guide. A Compare And Contrast? use the plan. At this point, look back over your plan. Look for cover letter, things that must be done to put your plan into personal for college applications action. What needs to be done will depend on letter tools your situation and causes of the goals. For example, if your business plan calls for an increase in sales, you may have to provide more funds for this expansion. Have you more money to put into this business?
Do you borrow from friends and relatives? From your bank? From your suppliers (through credit terms?) If you are starting a new business, one action may be to get a loan for fixtures, stock, employee salaries, and letter other expenses. Another action will be to how to write a compare essay on abortion find and to cover letter tools hire capable employees. Now make a list of things that must be done to put your plan into action. Give each item a date so that it can be done at the appropriate time. To put my plan into action, I must: 1. Symphony 9? Do (action) _________ By _________(date) Once you put your plan into action, look out for letter, changes.
They can cripple the best business no matter how well planned. Stay on top of changing conditions and adjust your business plan accordingly. Sometimes the change is within your company. For example, several of your sales persons may quit. Sometimes the change is use citations apa with the customers whose desires and tastes shift and change or refuse to change. Sometimes the change is cover tools technological as when products are created and marketed. In order to adjust your plan to account for such changes, you the owner-manager, must: Be alert to the changes that come about in general letters, your line of business, in your market, and in your customers.
Check your plan against these changes. Determine what revisions, if any, are needed in the business plan. The method you use to letter keep your plan current so that your business can weather the how to write a compare changing forces of the market place is letter up to you. Read trade and business papers and magazines and statements review your plan periodically. Once each month or every other month, go over your plan to see whether or not it needs adjusting.
Certainly you will have more accurate dollar amounts to work with after you have been in cover, business for symphony, a time. Make revisions and cover letter put them into action. General Letters For Employment? You must be constantly updating and improving. Cover Letter Tools? A good business plan must evolve from experience and the best current information. A good business plan is great for college good business. Other Topics in the 'Staring a Business' Section. Business Idea Feasibility Study Starting a Business Checklist Starting a Business Basics What Business to Start Starting the Business Buying a Going Business Buying a Franchise Managing Your Business Special Requirements Making the letter Decision Business Plan Developing a Business Plan Sample Business Plan Planning a Business Planning a Service Business Planning a Home Business Planning a Retail Business Planning a Construction Business Planning a Manufacturing Company Starting a Small Business FAQ The Legal Structure Finding New Products How to Borrow Money Basics of Patents Raising Venture Capital Money Making Money With a New Idea Entering Into a Partnership Basics of Retailing Shopping Center Location Deciding on a Store Location Franchise Business Checklist Selecting a Franchise Business. Sidebar: you are invited to visit our car insurance information section featuring a list of articles that may save you hundreds of dollars on your motor vehicles quotes. In full coverage auto insurance you'll discover helpful tips to getting cheap quotes. For information on how to get cheaper quotes on shorter terms see one month car insurance and causes civil thesis also short term car insurance. For first time drivers information see cheap car insurance for new drivers.
How about obtaining cheaper premium rates for mature women? no problem, look here, best insurance for new drivers over 25 year olds. If you are interested in a half year duration see 6 month car insurance for helpful tips on the topic. How about getting more favorable premiums costs for younger drivers? see car insurance for 17 year olds and motor car insurance for under 21 and vehicle insurance for cover letter tools, male and female under 25 years old. Causes Of The Civil War Essay? Here is another list of drivers insurance useful articles, As for helpful tips regarding no deposit premium payments see car insurance with no deposit and for a list of low cost brokers, agents and cover letter companies see car insurance with no deposit companies. Read the application letters following informative article if you are looking for better rates for the young drivers in your family, cheaper vehicle insurance for young drivers. Now, for discovering new ways to get lower quotes go to general car insurance Read this article if your after high risk car insurance information.
How about getting a better deal on first time driver? just click the cover tools link. It may come a time that you'll be interested in canceling your policy, use this article for the instruction of 9 how to do it. Our drivers insurance hub page features a list of guides that can surely help you get dirt cheap car insurance for teens drivers rates. Cover? For those of you who seek cheap quotes for for employment, a shorter term policy, read this article. and here are tips and letter advice for special interest groups such as young drivers and temporary insurance. Tags: retail business plan outline, retail action plan, retail store business plan template.
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analitical essay on You’ve been staring at tools, your blank computer screen for what feels like hours, trying to figure out how to start your analytical essay. You try to choose between writing the introduction first or getting right into the meat of it. But somehow, it seems too difficult to do either. What you need is is a blueprint—a foolproof way to get your essay structured. Then all you have to do is fill in the blanks. Personal Statements? By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. Cover? What an use citations research apa Analytical Essay Is—And What It Isn’t. Helpful, right? Um, not so much. First, it might be more useful to explain what an analytical essay isn’t before getting to what it is cover tools, . An analytical essay isn’t a summary.
Though this may seem obvious in theory, it’s more difficult in practice. If you read your essay and it sounds a lot like a book report, it’s probably only summarizing events or characters. Persuasive? One way to figure out if you’re summarizing instead of analyzing is to look at your support. Are you simply stating what happened, or are you relating it back to your main point? Okay, so what is an analytical essay, exactly ? Usually, it’s writing that has a more narrowed focus than a summary. Analytical essays usually concentrate on how the book or poem was written—for example, how certain themes present themselves in the story, or how the use of metaphor brings a certain meaning to a poem. Cover Tools? In short, this type of essay requires you to look at for esl, the smaller parts of the work to help shed light on the larger picture. An example of a prompt—and the example I’m going to cover letter, use for how to write a compare on abortion, the rest of this post—could be something like: Analyze the theme of sacrifice in the Harry Potter series. (Note: there might be some spoilers, but I figured everyone who was planning on reading the books has done so already—or at least has seen the letter tools movies.) One Way To Form Your Analytical Essay Outline. There are quite a few ways to use citations research paper apa, organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you choose to write it, your essay should always have three main parts: I’ll get into the nitty-gritty of this soon, but for all you visual learners, here is a nice representation of all the cover tools components that make a great analytical essay outline.
You can see that I’ve added a few more details than just the introduction, body, and conclusion. But hold your horses—we’re getting to those parts right now. Introduction of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The purpose of your introduction is to get the reader interested in your analysis. The introduction should include at general application, least three things—a hook, your thesis statement, and a sentence or two describing how you intend to prove your thesis statement. 1. You gotta hook ‘em from the start. Tools? The first part of your introduction should draw the reader in. This is called the hook. The hook should be interesting or surprising.
You can achieve this by asking a rhetorical question, giving some relevant statistics, or making a statement that’s unusual or controversial. Write And Contrast Essay On Abortion? For my Harry Potter example, I might say, “Since the publication of the first book in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone , some Christian groups have attacked the books for promoting witchcraft. However, one of the main themes of the cover tools books draws inspiration from Christianity itself—that of sacrifice.” Okay, so that’s two sentences. But it’s got a little bit of controversy and of the civil, relates to what the rest of the cover tools essay will discuss. 2. Get to write a compare and contrast essay on abortion, the good stuff—write a killer thesis statement. Okay, so now that you’ve got your reader hooked, you need to start getting to the point. This is where the thesis statement comes in. My thesis might be, “The theme of letter, sacrifice is prevalent throughout the series and personal statements for college applications, is embodied as sacrifice for the greater good, sacrifice for an ultimate gain, and sacrifice to keep a promise.” 3. It’s time to back up your thesis. Let the reader know how you’re going to prove your claim. For my example, I would let the reader know that I intend to analyze the letter instances of Harry’s “death,” Voldemort’s sacrifice of his soul in exchange for immortality, and how Snape sacrifices in order to honor a promise made to Lily Potter. Essay? These points will be the building blocks of the body paragraphs.
Body of Your Analytical Essay Outline. Letter Tools? The body is where you can start to get really creative and play around with formatting. In the flowchart, there are three body paragraphs. Of The Civil? But that’s because I was trained in the 5-paragraph outline. Cover Letter Tools? But you can include as many or as few body paragraphs as you want—as long as you end up thoroughly supporting your thesis. Essay On Beethoven 9? For my outline, each body paragraph includes a topic sentence, followed by three sets of claims, evidence to support those claims, and how that evidence ties back to the topic sentence.
Again, three is not necessarily a magic number here. You could make one claim with a lot of evidence, or five claims to support your topic sentence. But let’s get into it, shall we? 1. Develop a strong topic sentence. Each topic sentence in each body paragraph of your analytical essay outline should tell the reader exactly what that section is going to be about.
My first body paragraph might start with, “Harry Potter is willing to fulfill prophecy and make the ultimate sacrifice—that of his life—in order to save the rest of the wizarding world.” 2. Make your claim. The claim should dive into cover letter tools, a smaller part of the of the war essay thesis overarching topic sentence. The topic sentence I gave can be broken down into letter, several smaller claims—that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, that he was actually willing to die, and application letters, that his death would be of cover letter tools, profound significance. 3. Provide evidence from the text to back your claim. You can’t just go around making claims without any support. Causes Of The? You can use quotes or paraphrase parts of the letter text to add evidence.
For evidence that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, you could cite the instance in the hall of prophecies with the letters quote, “and either must die at letter tools, the hand of the other for personal statements for college, neither can live while the other survives.” 4. Tie that evidence to cover tools, the topic sentence. On Beethoven Symphony 9? You have to cover, make it absolutely clear why you included the great personal evidence. If you don’t, your analytical essay runs the risk of letter tools, being a summary. For example, with the citing of the prophecy, I would tell the reader that Harry and his friends found said prophecy and figured out that it had to be about him (although there are objections that it could’ve been referring to Neville, but we’ll leave that out of this example). Persuasive For Esl Students? They knew that either Voldemort had to cover letter tools, die or Harry did, and he had to be willing to do that. They’re not needed in the outline, but when you write your final essay, be sure you include effective transitions. This will help your essay flow. Causes Civil? Conclusion of Your Analytical Essay Outline. After you’ve built up all of your body paragraphs, given the appropriate evidence to tools, back your claims, and tied that evidence to your awesome topic sentences, you’re ready to wrap it all up.
The conclusion should be a brief restatement of your main points without being a direct copy. For example, “There are many motivations behind sacrifice—to help others, to help oneself, or to keep a promise to general application letters, a loved one—and J.K. Rowling explores several of them through the characters in the Harry Potter book series.” This, of tools, course, does not suffice as a full conclusion. To fill it out and give the causes of the war essay thesis reader a sense of closure, you can relate the letter theme to the real world or end with a final quote from the great personal statements text or the author. Use This Downloadable Analytical Essay Outline as a Guide.
Easy, right? I know you’re pumped to letter, get started, but before you do, I have a template for the analytical essay outline for you to download. Of course, your instructor’s directions will trump mine, so if they say to do something a specific way, I won’t be offended if you take their advice over mine. And don’t forget about the Kibin editors. When your analytical essay is all typed up, they can help you make sure that it’s as good as it can get.
Psst. Write A Compare Essay On Abortion? 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over cover tools, 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for personal for college, English, history and education. You can find her on Google+. dis was absooltelee fantasteec thxc you 4 de owwline. awesome!
Glad you liked it. #128578; @naomi_tepper:disqus Oh my Gosh! this was amazing thank you so much! This helped a lot with my Economics essay for Humanities 6 World Studies! Woot woot! Happy to help. #128578; Thanks for the comment. This is undoubtedly very much helpful#8230; Thanks a lot. You#8217;re welcome!
Thanks for the comment and thanks for reading. #128578; Hi#8230;.Eden thank you for orienting me on how to structure an cover tools analytical essay. because of many reasons which i don#8217;t like to name writing an analytical essay has been my Achilies Hill. Causes Civil War Essay? Your effort in writing this article has thrown much need light as far as I#8217;m concerned. I look forward to tools, your reply on the question of structuring of analytical political essay on persuasive essay for esl issues like say Affirmative Action or Constitutionalism. Thank you for your kind words. In regards to writing a political analytical essay, it varies depending on the course and the requirements of cover letter, your instructor.
However, you can follow the write essay same advice in this post. Introduction with a hook and thesis, body paragraphs that make claims with evidence to support those claims, and a conclusion that wraps it all up. Letter? The main difference is that you#8217;ll have to do more research than reading just one book. (And make sure to cite your sources.) I hope that helped! Thank you, this will help ? This was really useful I went through so many websites the finally got this one. Of The Civil War Essay? Sweet! Glad you found it helpful.
hi this is great. Cover Letter? Fabulous! Happy to help. How would I write an analytic essay using dramatic conventions? I#8217;m supposed to write an essay on The Tempest from use citations research Shakespeare using dramatic conventions and I#8217;m not doing so well at understanding how to do it. basically it#8217;s also asking me #8220;how dramatic conventions make the reader see characters in cover letter tools a certain way. Use Citations Paper Apa? Please respond to this if you can. I think that I would devote one body paragraph to each of the dramatic conventions that you#8217;re covering in your paper. For instance, in one paragraph, if you are writing about the conventions of soliloquy, the play-within-a-play convention, and asides (these are the first three conventions I thought of #8212; I#8217;m not sure which ones you#8217;ve studied in class), then you could devote one body paragraph to letter, each of these topics and their influence on how the audience views the characters. I hope this puts you on the right track! I have two write an students essay about Animals by O#8217;Hara and how it reflects the innocence and simplicity of childhood.
I don#8217;t know how to start. Could anyone suggest the first sentence of the tools introduction? I#8217;ve already got my outline #128578; Hi Lily Awesome that you have your outline ready to go. You might want to start with the quintessential quote from the text that stands out a compare and contrast on abortion as reflecting these qualities of innocence/childhood simplicity. Cover Tools? For more great hook sentence tips visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ This is general letters, amazing and extremely helpful! Thank you author. Hey, thanks for reading and for the nice comment! I#8217;ll be sure to show the author. #128578; do you eat pussy?
Haha! Awesome. Letter Tools? We#8217;re happy to help, but don#8217;t sell yourself short just because of essay on beethoven symphony 9, your blonde hair. #128578; great site but second para 24th word should be ALWAYS not away. dont take this as offensive but im just trying to improve this site that is all. Letter? Thanks for keeping us on statements for college our toes, Shayan! No offense taken #8212; we#8217;ll get that updated #128578; Great blog post ! Just to add my thoughts if you are wanting a Express Evictions 3-Day Notice to Pay Rent or Quit , my secretary came across a blank version here https://goo.gl/nlOqzY. Hi there! Although this was really helpful for literary analysis, I was wondering if you had an idea as to how to letter, apply this to historical analysis. I have to write about the effects of European migration, warfare, and great personal statements for college applications, disease on Native Americans, and was thinking of tools, finding 3 specific examples of each and explaining the effect that each had on general application Native Americans.
Is this a good plan? You could *definitely* apply this framework to a historical analysis, yes! As Eden mentions, you can have as many body paragraphs as you want, so you could devote a single paragraph to cover letter, each of your examples #8212; giving you 9 body paragraphs. Causes Thesis? Since that would get pretty lengthy, you could add a header before each of your 3-paragraph sections to keep your paper organized. DIOS MIO! this is really helpful. Woot! That#8217;s awesome. So happy you found this post helpful. #128578; Thanks for the kind comment. This is so helpful, thank you. I have to write an analytical essay about The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara and I#8217;m stuck.
This is my second essay and on the first I received a C #128577; I don#8217;t know how to start and it isn#8217;t even about the whole book, its only for half the book. Please help. Starting is definitely the hardest part sometimes :/ thanks so much for your blog. you have made it very easy for me to cover letter, understand this (horrible) essay. Paper Apa? I have to write my first Analytical essay. kind regards to you. And thanks to tools, you for reading!
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essay evolution Links to our Past. THE ESSAY in science is an art form as well as a means of communicating ideas. All scientists publish their findings somewhere, but relatively few produce books or monographs. Even fewer produce essays. Cover Tools! Modern readers who are interested in evolution or natural history usually recognize the names Gould, Zimmer and apa, Dawkins as essayists. But relatively few are those who have read Mayr, Simpson, Dobzhansky and many older writers. Cover Letter Tools! All of these authors are worth reading today. In some cases they are worth reading not only for the beauty of their prose and the forcefulness of their argument, but also to discover what earlier generations of scientists once thought. Darwin and Wallace are omitted here on purpose.
You will find them on students, my Darwiniana Page. Formerly a senior editor at Discover magazine he now writes for National Geographic, Science, Audubon , and Natural History , where he succeeds Steve Gould with a regular column on evolution. His journalism prizes include the Pan-American Health Organization Award for Excellence in International Health Reporting, the American Institute Biological Sciences Media Award, and letter, the Everett Clark Award for science writing. After a Lost Balloon : Chapter 1 from At The Water's Edge : Fish with fingers, whales with legs, and how life came ashore but then went back to sea. The story of vertebrate evolution and the closing of Romer's Gap. Amazon.com book details. A professor of cell biology at Brown University, Dr.
Miller wears a number of other hats. With co-author Joe Levine he has written a series of biology textbooks emphasizing evolution. His book Finding Darwin's God is an causes of the civil thesis excellent response to the creationism and intelligent design movements. His essays, participation in cover, creationism debates, and appearances in PBS and of the, other documentaries on evolution give him a high public profile. Click on books covers for reviews and purchasing details at Amazon.com.
Top Ten Facts about the Human Genome : This is a short course by Professor Miller that might whet your appetite for more information about human genetics and cover tools, DNA. Dr. Gould succeeded Dr. Research Paper Apa! Mayr in the teaching chair at Harvard. Through his many books and monthly essays in Natural History magazine he became the foremost popularizer of evolution in the United States. His incisive wit and pugnacious character, not to mention his polymath brilliance, cast him in the roll of the teacher you had to love or hate. His last book, The Structure of Evolutionary Theory was far too long. His life was far too short. Darwin's More Stately Mansion : A famous Victorian story reports the reaction of an aristocratic lady to the primary heresy of her time: Let us hope that what Mr.
Darwin says is not true; but, if it is true, let us hope that it will not become generally known. To my mind Dr. Dawkins has been to the UK what Dr. Gould has been to the USA, its finest teacher of evolution. Cover Letter! Equally witty and pugnacious, I consider Dr. Dawkins' essay The Forty-fold Path to Enlightenment (in his book Climbing Mount Improbable ) one of the causes civil war essay thesis finest pieces of writing in natural history. Dawkins holds the Charles Simonyi Professorship in the Public Understanding of Science at Oxford University. An Open Letter to Prince Charles : Your Reith lecture saddened me. I have deep sympathy for your aims, and admiration for your sincerity.
But your hostility to science will not serve those aims; and your embracing of an ill-assorted jumble of mutually contradictory alternatives will lose you the respect that I think you deserve. Click on a book cover to see reviews and purchasing details at Amazon.com. Branching Out : Could multiple species of early hominids have existed side by side? This is a review by letter Dawkins of the book Extinct Humans by general letters for employment Ian Tattersall and Jeffrey H. Schwartz. Best known for his books bearing upon the Evolution-Creationism debates, Dr. Ruse is a polymathic philosopher and historian of science, particularly with respect to the history of letter evolutionary thought. Based largely on his testimony, Creation Science was defeated in general application letters, Arkansas in 1981 as being devoid of science.
His book Can a Darwinian be a Christian should be required reading for all fundamentalists. Darwinism and Atheism: A Marriage Made in Heaven? : Somewhat immodestly let me elevate myself up to the status of Wilson, Dawkins, Dennett, and cover tools, Lewontin, and research paper apa, consider a Darwinism-based argument which I have myself put forward against Christian belief. Click on a book cover to see reviews and purchasing details at Amazon.com. Darwin's New Critics on Trial: Irreducible Complexity : from Taking Darwin Seriously . The new Creationists have recently started to break from their strategy of unrelenting attack. Thanks to biochemist Michael J. Behe, author of Darwin’s Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution , they have started to letter lift the veil from personal, their own beliefs about origins qua science. Probably unheard of by most readers of this website, Dr.
Forsdyke is unusual among modern essayists in science. While he has published a great deal in technical journals of science and has two recent books to his credit, his work as an essayist is presented almost exclusively on cover letter tools, his own academic website in well written and highly illustrated pages. It is to be hoped that this body of work will survive his tenure in academia. Pellegrino University Research Professor and Honorary Curator in for college, Entomology at Harvard University, Wilson is the author of 18 books, 2 of which have received the Pulitzer Prize; an ardent defender of the liberal arts; and a promoter of global conservation of species and natural ecosystems. Cover Tools! Founded the discipline of persuasive for esl students Sociobiology, more commonly called Evolutionary Psychology today, and cofounded the cover tools study of island biogeography.
A Global Biodiversity Map : Commentary in use citations apa, Science 289 (5488):2279 . As genomics and biomedicine are to human health, so ecology and cover tools, conservation biology are to the planet's health. Unfortunately, compared with their sister disciplines, ecology and conservation biology are still disadvantaged. Click on a book cover to see reviews and how to write a compare on abortion, purchasing details at Amazon.com. The Biological Basis of letter Morality : in The Atlantic . Causes! Do we invent our moral absolutes in order to make society workable? Or are these enduring principles expressed to us by some transcendent or Godlike authority? Efforts to resolve this conundrum have perplexed, sometimes inflamed, our best minds for centuries, but the natural sciences are telling us more and more about the choices we make and our reasons for making them.
Dr. Mayr helped establish the neodarwinian synthesis and was a tireless teacher of evolution. His work, combined with that of Dobzhansky and Simpson who are also represented here, established the basis for the modern theory of evolution. In addition to careers in Ornithology, Taxonomy and Systematics, he was a Professor of cover Zoology and Evolutionary Biology at Harvard and director of its Museum of Comparative Zoology. Essay On Beethoven Symphony 9! Ernst Mayr died on February 3, 2005, at the age of 100.
What is a Species, and What is Not? : The Old Man of American Biology reviews the variety of species concepts, especially his Biological Species Concept, and responds to his critics. Originally published in Philosophy of Science 63:262-277  and cover, here borrowed from the AAAS website. Click on a book cover to see reviews and purchasing details at Amazon.com. Darwin's Influence on Modern Thought : This article is based on 1999 lecture that Mayr delivered in Stockholm on receiving the Crafoord Prize from the Royal Swedish Academy of Science. Great minds shape the thinking of successive historical periods. Luther and Calvin inspired the Reformation; Locke, Leibniz, Voltaire and Rousseau, the Enlightenment. Research Paper Apa! Modern thought is letter tools most dependent on the influence of Charles Darwin. See my separate page What Evolution Is for commentary about Dr. Persuasive Essay! Mayr, more of his essays, and a complete list of his books.
Dr. Simpson was a paleontologist and tools, taxonomist whose influential text The Principles of Classification and a Classification of the Mammals  remained the standard for treatment of the subject for many years. His was the last of a series of major publications, by authors from several different disciplines, that became known as the neodarwinian synthesis, the foundation for students modern-day evolutionary biology. Born in Russia where he trained as an entomologist, Dr. Dobzhansky emigrated to the USA where his research with fruit flies led to many publications in genetics.
He was one of the principle founders of the neodarwinian synthesis and trained many students in cover tools, biology, genetics and evolutionary theory. In contradististinction to how to write some other noted scientists of his time, Dr. Dhobzhansky never relinquished his religious orthodoxy. Evolution in the Tropics : American Scientist 38 (2): 209-221 . Cover! Natural selection augments the frequency of favorable types and reduces the frequency of unfavorable types. Of The Civil Thesis! Populations thus react to changes in their environment by adaptive modifications. This is one of the rare occasions when evolutionary changes taking place in nature under the influence of natural selection can actually be observed in letter, the process of happening.
A mathematician perhaps best known for Haldane's Dilemma, he was one of the major synthesizers of evolutionary theory in a compare and contrast, the 1930s. Tools! Unfortunately, not many of his writings are currently on the Internet. Those that are tend toward his viewpoints on politics and religion. He has been enshrined in the mythology of science for remarks attributed to him about God's fondness for beetles—He made so many of them.. On Being the Right Size : Haldane's essay is widely anthologized and symphony 9, frequently quoted, at least when the subject of biological scaling crops up. Sir Ronald Fisher was a geneticist and a founder of cover classical statistical analysis. 9! His book The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection in 1930 helped pave the way for the modern Darwinian synthesis, giving it strong mathematical and statistical support. Cover Letter Tools! He was Galton Professor of Eugenics at the University of London and later Balfour Professor of Genetics at the University of Cambridge. How To Write Essay! He ended his career in Australia.
Collected Papers of R. A. Fisher Relating to Genetics, Evolution and cover, Eugenics : These are all large files in .pdf format and are more than 65 papers published in The Collected Papers of R.A. Apa! Fisher edited by J.H. Tools! Bennett and published in five volumes by the University of use citations Adelaide between 1971 and 1974. In most cases the papers are highly technical and might not be of interest to the general reader. One might at least view the cover tools list of titles to see the breadth of research that Fisher conducted.
A tireless advocate of essay on abortion Evolutionary Theory, Professor Huxley took on Richard Owen, Bishop Wilberforce—any and all of Darwin's critics—even though he did not fully accept all of Darwin's ideas. He was also a tireless advocate for cover tools secular public education and the professionalization of science. Like A. R. Wallace he was outspoken on a wide range of issues. Of The War Essay Thesis! He is credited with having coined the term agnosticism . America's leading botanist in the mid-19th century, and Darwin's strongest early supporter in the USA, in 1857 he became only the third scientist (after Hooker and Lyell) to learn of the theory from cover letter, Darwin. He debated L. Application Letters! Agassiz between 1859 and 1861 on variation and geographic distribution. Cover Tools! His discovery of close affinities between East Asian and how to a compare essay, North American floras was a key piece of evidence in favor of evolution.
Natural Science and Religion : I am invited to cover letter address you upon the relations of science to religion, in symphony 9, reference, as I suppose, to those claims of natural science which have been thought to be antagonistic to religion, and to those assumptions connected with the Christian faith which scientific men in our day are disposed to question. . A zoologist and letter tools, paleontologist, Agassiz came to the USA in 1846, becoming a professor at Harvard in 1848. Civil War Essay Thesis! He acquiring funding for and built the Museum of cover Comparative Zoology in 1860. He urged the creation of a National Academy of Sciences, becoming a founding member in causes civil, 1863, and was appointed a regent of the Smithsonian Institution. Yet, until his death, he was passionate in his opposition to Darwinian evolution. Geographical Distribution of Animals : Christian Examiner and Religious Miscellany 48 (2):181-204 . The leading anatomist and paleontologist in England during the period of Darwin's voyage and later writings, Darwin turned over to Owen the fossils he collected for description.
Owen was later a leading opponent of Darwin's ideas about evolution and engaged in lengthy and acrimonious public debates with Thomas Huxley, Darwin's principle defender. Owen's review of On the Origin of Species is available here. In October of 1844, a small bomb went off in the world of British science. Letter Tools! The bomb took the form of a 400-page book with the grand title Vestiges of the Natural History of use citations Creation, presenting a comprehensive account of the history of the Earth, from the letter tools formation of the Solar System through the development of plant and animal life, up to the origins of humankind. Strangely, there was no author's name on the cover.
Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation : [1844 1st ed. in HTML format] : (anonymous). J. Churchill, 390 pp., . This was a book that everyone seemed to criticize. Great Personal Statements Applications! But read it they did, and it sold many more copies than Darwin's On The Origin of Species . A number of noted personalities were evolutionists before Darwin published, based on the reading of this book. Cover Letter! President Abraham Lincoln was one of them. Also available as Vestiges of the Natural History of general letters for employment Creation : [1857 ed. as full-page photos] During Darwin's lifetime Lyell was the world's leading exponent of geology and one of the principle influences on Darwin's thinking. Few people realize that Darwin's original contributions to science were mainly books on geology. Lyell was Darwin's main sounding board during the 20 years he spent developing the letter tools Theory of Evolution, but Lyell never completely agreed with Darwin about natural selection or the descent of man.
The Progress Of Geology : A chapter from Lyell's classic Principles of Geology [1830 and many revisions]. Remembered principally as the inventor of the forerunner of the calculating computer, Babbage was a leader in several scientific societies and he held the Lucasian Chair in Mathematics at Cambridge University. A polymath, he helped establish the modern British postal system and compiled the first reliable actuarial tables. He also participated in the pre-Darwinian debates in natural theology, contributing to the Bridgewater Treatises. The Ninth Bridgewater Treatise : 2nd Ed., London, . The first class of truths then (those of Pure Mathematics) appears to rest on necessity. The second, (the Laws of Nature,) on necessity and our external senses. The third, (those of Natural Religion,) on our external senses and internal consciousness. The last, (those of personal statements for college Revelation,) on human testimony. Cover Letter! I have placed them in the only order which, in my opinion, is consistent with truth; convinced that it is more injurious to religion to overrate, than to undervalue the general application for employment cogency of the evidence on which it rests. Working at the Musee National d'Histoire Naturelle, Cuvier established the fact of past extinction, founded vertebrate paleontology as a scientific discipline and created the cover letter comparative method of organismal biology.
He argued for periodic revolutionary episodes in earth history that replaced whole suites of organisms. Personal Statements For College Applications! His geological study of the Paris basin with Alexandre Brongniart established basic principles of biostratigraphy. William Strata Smith, a civil engineer and surveyor, was well acquainted with areas in southern England where limestone and shales are layered like slices of bread and butter. His hobby of collecting and cataloging fossil shells from these rocks led to the discovery that certain layers contained fossils unlike those in other layers. Using these key or index fossils as markers, Smith could identify a particular layer of rock wherever it was exposed. Strata Identified by Organized Fossils : [1816-1819]. A facsimile edition in four parts with explanatory notes. Known primarily for cover his rejected concept of the inheritance of causes of the acquired characteristics, Lamarck was, nevertheless, one of the most important scientists of his day. He made many contributions to botany, museum curatorship, invertebrate paleontology and taxonomy.
His concept of acquired characteristics was in cover tools, part adopted by Darwin and retained followers within science up to the 1930s, until set aside by discoveries in genetics. Zoological Philosophy . On Beethoven 9! Of the considerations relevant to the natural history of animals; to the diversity of their organic structure and of the faculties which they derive from it; to the physical causes sustaining life in them and producing the cover tools movements which they carry out; finally, to write a compare and contrast essay on abortion those causes which produce feeling in some and intelligence in others endowed with it. For many years Paley's writings in moral and political philosophy served as the basic texts and doctrines at Cambridge University. All students had to read them and Darwin was no exception. Paley's analogy of the letter watch requiring a watchmaker remains the central tenet for those who claim evidence of design in nature (the Intelligent Design movement). Darwin later refuted Paley, and Richard Dawkins et al., continue to do so today. Natural Theology : or, Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity [12th ed. 1809].
Downloadable text file. How To A Compare Essay! Darwin was, during his university years, a student of Paley writings, and much of what Darwin later wrote refuted this work by demonstrating the haphazard and contingent nature of evolution. A Scottish geologist and letter, naturalist, Hutton is recognized as the originator of one of the fundamental principles of geology, that of uniformitarianism, which explains the features of the Earth's crust by means of natural processes operating over geologic time. Hutton's 1785 publication led, within just a few decades, to the almost total abandonment of the concept that the Earth was formed just a few thousand years ago. Theory of the Earth Or an Investigation of the Laws Observable in the Composition, Dissolution, and Restoration of Land upon the Globe . When we trace the general application letters parts of which this terrestrial system is composed, and when we view the general connection of those several parts, the whole presents a machine of a peculiar construction by which it is adapted to a certain end. We perceive a fabric, erected in wisdom, to obtain a purpose worthy of the power that is apparent in the production of it. In the tradition of cover tools science in essay, his time, Gilbert White was a clergyman in the Anglican Church of letter England.
Education in natural history was a normal part of the education of those persons destined to take holy orders, and much of what we think of as published science in that era was the use citations research paper apa recording by clergymen of letter tools observations made in general application letters, geology and field biology. White's Natural History of Selborne is letter tools a classic of the genre. The bulk of the causes work is composed of a series of letters sent to two sponsors over a period of many years. Early Classics in Biogeography, Distribution, and Diversity Studies : Up to 1950, a collection of essays that may be difficult to find elsewhere. A number of them are listed here, but there are many more.
Send suggestions, additions, corrections to Richard White at R. White.
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Review of CHSRA 2016 Business Plan- Part 2. MORE SPECIFICS ABOUT THE BUSINESS PLAN. In the letter tools, first article we talked about initial impressions of the business plan and the lack of credibility in regard to the source of the essay on beethoven symphony 9, capital needed to build the tools, project. The myriad of general letters lawsuits was also outlined as well as the challenges the Authority faces in “moving forward.” Let’s now look a little deeper. Ridership is an extremely important element of the business plan. If you don’t have enough riders, you won’t have the cover, revenue and the high-speed rail program may become a burden to the taxpayers. In addition, unrealistic operating costs add to the real danger of operating subsidy, which is strictly forbidden by Prop 1A. In order to understand the general for employment, Authority’s new ridership numbers, it’s insightful to look at past projections.
In 1996, Charles River Associates conducted the cover letter tools, first statewide high-speed rail ridership study for the Authority’s predecessor – the Intercity High-Speed Rail Commission. Quoting from the essay, Commission’s High-Speed Rail Summary Report and cover letter Action Plan (December 1996): “To ensure investment grade results, the forecasts were subject to extensive peer review.” This investment grade ridership study envisioned 1.9 million riders on the San Francisco to Bakersfield segment. Apa? These riders were forecast when the system connecting Los Angeles to the Bay Area would be fully built out in 2015, meeting the needs of a population of 45.7 million Californians. Hindsight proved that the California Department of Finance’s Demographic Research Unit (DRU), which provided this forecast in May 1993, was wildly optimistic with their population forecast. Now in letter the 2016 Business Plan the Authority envisions 11 million riders a year – 6 times the persuasive, original estimate – for that same segment in 2028, while the DRU now predicts a state population of only 43.4 million. Tools? Mark Powell, a retired oil company executive who performs extensive research and writes a blog, Against California High-Speed Rail, has uncovered these facts. He believes that the on beethoven symphony, Commission’s contractor, Charles River Associates, back in 1996, was more objective than today’s projections because construction costs were expected to be much lower and there would have been little pressure to inflate ridership numbers to justify the project. The ridership numbers went up and down in cover tools subsequent years but always higher than Charles River Associates’ 1996 original 1.9 riders for and contrast, the San Francisco to Bakersfield segment. As a point of reference, California’s population in letter tools 2015 was actually 39 million, not the projected 45.7 million, and is now expected to grow to 52 million by essay on beethoven, 2060.
A critical look at the 2016 Business Plan shows how the Authority envisions ridership of the mature Phase 1 system ramping up at 1.1% per year during the years 2035 and 2060 with no signs of slowing. Cover Tools? In fact, the current DRU forecast (December 2014) shows that California’s population is expected to grow at less than half this rate during this period and slowing to only .3% per year by 2060. “The Authority’s excessive ridership growth rate yields higher profits that play into write on abortion, the Authority’s lie about private capital someday funding construction,” declares Powell. The environmental work is not completed for the San Francisco to San Jose or San Jose to Merced sections, but the reductions in cost in the business plan indicate they are doing “value engineering” in the San Jose area. Removing giant aerial structures for tracks leading into Diridon station account for some of the reduced costs. The business plan explains that the new cost estimates are based on changes in the environmental work that will be covered in tools future meetings, which means they are basing their costs on changes that have not been made public. These changes will be something that San Jose neighborhoods should be watching closely. They were promised protections against at-grade alignments through their areas, given many neighborhoods have already been bisected by previous transportation projects.
Without details about exactly what they are changing to causes civil war essay thesis reduce costs, it is impossible to know what the effects will be. The cost reductions and value engineering reflected in these detailed documents shows that the current estimates reflect the most bare-bones version of the system in cover which they select the persuasive for esl, cheapest alternative in virtually every scenario to cover letter tools keep the costs down. For example, the plan only includes $500 million total to cover the cost of 44 grade separations necessary to run trains between San Francisco and San Jose. Without these grade separations, the number and use citations speed of the trains will be limited, which will impact ridership and tools revenue capabilities of the system. (It will also close the crossings to traffic much longer, but that’s a topic for another day.) However, the $500 million isn’t even included in the $2.8 billion in additional money they would need to causes complete the San Francisco to Bakersfield line. This means that $2.8 billion is letter tools, still a low-ball estimate and it is unclear how much more would be needed to run an attractive schedule that would presumably attract private investors. From an environmental perspective, it is unclear if having interim stations in Madera Acres and the outskirts of Shafter is legal given they weren’t studied under CEQA or NEPA. But again, since only the Authority seems to know the plan, it is hard to speculate what is actually going on or what it would cost. Nadia Naik of Californians Advocating Responsible Rail Design (CARRD), an organization that fights for symphony 9, proper process and open transparency, offered this about the new plan. “It is interesting to note that the biggest complaint of the 2012 and 2014 business plans were that the cost estimates didn’t accurately reflect the engineering work that was being done at the time and being discussed publicly or in consultant reports.
The 2016 business plan seems to cover letter have cost estimates based on engineering work that has not been made public, which of causes of the thesis course makes it difficult for anyone to confirm or dispute.” Friends of Caltrain, a local transit advocacy group in Northern California and advocates for Caltrain’s electrification has concerns. They believe there are a few kinks in the plan. They say without appropriate passing tracks, the cover tools, Caltrain schedule could be less than desirable. The Rail Authority says that this route will fill in the housing gap in personal for college applications the Bay Area, allowing people to live in the Central Valley and commute to Silicon Valley. Letter? However, as pointed out by Friends of Caltrain, “the pricing structure assumed in the revenue model isn’t designed for commuting, with an $83 fare from Fresno to San Jose.” Note: Do the math; that would be over $30,000 a year for use citations research, their commuting expense but of course monthly passes will bring the cost down a bit. But think about it, will these cool twenty and thirty something year old employees of these high-tech companies who are currently willing to ride a bus into Silicon Valley daily in order to tools live in San Francisco choose Fresno as their new home? It’s doubtful. Promises, promises to Southern California:
One wonders how promises can be kept without bond funds using only the cap-and-trade revenues and federal funds. Remember, the cap-and-trade funds must first be spent in essay on beethoven 9 the Central Valley as a match for federal grant dollars. The only money that has been officially appropriated to Southern California is what’s known as bookend spending. $500 million was appropriated to cover tools Southern California, but the rail Authority admits on page 3 of their September 2015 Semi Annual Operations Report that they can’t get the causes civil, bond funds because lawsuits are preventing access. So where is the money for Southern California? Author Susan MacAdams and board member of the cover letter, Train Riders Association of California, a rail advocacy group based in Sacramento, outlines what the Authority is planning to do with state funds in Southern California in this California Rail News article. MacAdams asserts that if HSR comes to the South, those improvements that they are planning to build will have to be torn out to accommodate the high-speed rail trains. As an example in a letter she wrote to the Burbank mayor last month she said, “CAHSRA, Caltrans and Metro are not coordinating the building of infrastructure projects using federal, state and local funding. The new Caltrans bridge, currently under construction along the general application letters for employment, 5 Freeway, will have to cover letter tools be torn down and rebuilt to accommodate HSR. The bridge cannot support the catenary poles for electrification.
New construction also does not accommodate the four track system Metro, Metrolink and CAHSRA agreed upon.” See pages 3-5 of her article in which she reveals the 10 fatal flaws of the plans. A pure waste of money. William Grindley, co-author of many financial reports on the high-speed rail project, believes, “Since the whole document is great applications, nothing more than marketing glitz to have the lazy Legislature let them continue to spend money from 49 other states, they [the rail authority] will say anything so they won’t anger the SoCal legislators who wanted the cover tools, fed $s for pork in their Districts.” Prop 1A Bond funds have been used for planning and environmental work. However, access to the funds has been held up because the general letters, rail authority has not met the terms and conditions of Prop 1A.
A technical point: Prop 1A requires two funding plans. The second funding plan is required right before the Authority begins construction. The Authority produced the first funding plan in November 2011 and it included both the Initial Operating Segment South (IOS) and cover tools the IOS heading north. Though they made a selection later to go south, they still have the first funding plan allowing development either way. They still must come up with Funding Plan #2 regardless of where they build, if, in great personal statements for college fact, they want to use bond funds for construction purposes. This second funding plan requires all environmental work be completed and the identification of the tools, funds to build, in this case, all 250 miles. It’s not a speculative thing, either. They can’t say, we’ve identified the source of the funds but we haven’t figured out how to transfer them into our bank account yet. Seriously, Prop 1A says, among many requirements, that, “The sources of all funds to be invested in the corridor, or usable segment thereof, and the anticipated time of letters receipt of those funds based on expected commitments, authorizations, agreements, allocations, or other means.”
What’s not in the Business Plan: Missing is the explanation of the outstanding lawsuits which includes the devastating result of the tools, partial win of the first Tos/Fukuda/Kings County case. Not everything was overturned when the case was appealed. Use Citations Research Paper? The Authority cannot access bond funds today as a result of the tools, first part of the on beethoven, case, and they have admitted this in writing in their year-end Operations Report. Missing is how the Authority plans to address security of the train. “Imagine the terrorists’ eyes lighting up when they see a beautiful shiny blue and gold bullet train flying down the track at over 200 miles per hour. It is a dream target for letter, them,” says Ted Hart, Sacramento retired business executive in the field of persuasive essay construction and who has spent 30 yrs. as a certified expert and letter tools consultant by California courts in essay 9 construction defect litigation. Missing is letter, a real plan to address the absence of grade separations.
Robert S. Allen, former Bart Director for 14 years, has warned the Authority at several board meetings about what the lack of grade separations will produce. “CHSRA plans to run high-speed rail trains on essay on beethoven 9, Caltrain tracks with their dozens of commuter stations and grade crossings. Letter? This appears to how to a compare and contrast on abortion make HSR vulnerable to accidents, suicides, and ensuing train delays- being neither safe nor reliable. HSR really needs a secure, grade-separated and cover letter tools fenced track.” Missing are the Authority plans to connect to the Transbay Transit Center. Rumor has it, the personal for college applications, costs may have escalated to close to $4 billion just to build a 1.5 mile tunnel to letter the Transbay Terminal from Caltrain’s 4 th and personal statements applications King station. Missing are the cover tools, Phase 2 costs which will eventually service Sacramento and San Diego. These are required to be part of each business plan and they are not included and haven’t been for years. It was never envisioned that state funds are matched with other state funds. Funding was always supposed to be shared responsibility to for employment build the system.
Here is the complete report that Senator Alan Lowenthal’s California Transportation Committee published before the vote. Senator Lowenthal wrote the preamble himself showing the cover letter, intentions of the Senate group who authored the write a compare essay, bond measure language and supported bill AB 3034. “ This farsighted transportation project, however, is not being developed as a conventional public works project to be built with pay as you go funding, or by relying on public debt financing. Instead, the Authority is offering California’s voters a business proposition. Should the voters approve the letter tools, $9.95 billion measure on November’ s ballot, the essay for esl students, Authority is anticipating using the letter, bond revenues and future federal funds to attract a substantial amount of private capital. The Authority’s underlying assumption is that the demand for high-speed rail in California is so strong that it will attract a private consortium with the resources to design, construct, finance, and operate the high-speed project under the terms of a long term franchise.” June 2008.
Suffice it to say, what’s going on today isn’t what the creators of the 9, rail project envisioned in cover tools 2008. The Authority also baked in a “CYA” statement on page 67 of the new business plan just in case history proves the Rail Authority didn’t get it right. “All dates and numbers presented in this Draft 2016 Business Plan are the best estimates we have available at this time but they are subject to how to essay on abortion change based on both internal and tools external factors.” Attorney Mike Brady, co-counsel on persuasive essay for esl students, the Tos/Fukuda/Kings County cases doesn’t mince words about the tools, new plan. “This is a huge setback and admission of defeat on application, the part of the Authority; 8 years after Prop 1A was passed, and after wastefully spending billions, the cover tools, Authority in one fell swoop ABANDONS southern California and switch to a route that starts 25 miles outside Bakersfield and travels to San Jose.
That’s it!” “Why? Because they realized they cannot get over or under the mountains of So California and concealed this for applications, 25 months from the Legislature, from Congress, and from the public. Cover? The fraud continues, and will continue on this new route as well, until this project is stopped in its tracks…forever.” The Authority does seem to for esl be well on their way of espousing the Willie Brown method of building large infrastructure. On July 27, 2013, he wrote: “ In the world of civic projects, the first budget is really just a down payment. If people knew the real cost from the start, nothing would ever get approved.
The idea is to get going. Letter? Start digging a hole and persuasive essay make it so big, there is no alternative to coming up with the money to fill it in.”