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A Short Essay on greatest the Life of a Pianist. After a recent post, I received a request in the form of a comment from a reader, suggesting I might expand on my last paragraph. The last paragraph was as follows: I wonder how many people embark on serious piano studies because they want to be performers or because they are passionate about music, about the how to structure piano and personal about playing the piano? Public performance is quite a different thing, it#8217;s not for the thin-skinned or the faint-hearted. The act of performance is an art in itself, distinct from one#8217;s abilities as a musician or as a pianist. It is like any sort of statement for the death of ivan performance art, be it acting, dancing, or walking the greatest personal essay tightrope. Actually, walking the verb list tightrope is an analogy I often use for performing solo piano works from greatest personal, memory in public.
The only safety nets are the ones we build in mlive, during our practising, and personal strength I reckon I spend a huge amount of time and energy in my own practice securing the memory. This is basically the equivalent of spending a fortune on resume insurance policies you hope you never need to use. In his later years, the great pianist Sviatoslav Richter gave up playing from personal essay, memory and brought his scores, along with a trusted page turner on to the platform with him. He even eschewed the limelight, preferring a muted lamp by the side of the piano. In interviews, he said the thesis of ivan ilych time spent memorising or maintaining the memory was no longer worth it, and that he could learn a multitude of new pieces in the time it would have taken him to strength essay attend to his memory. There are those, it seems, who were born to play the thesis piano in public, and I don#8217;t need to go into strength essay, a list of the greats (past and present) who fulfilled their destinies in this regard.
The people who are on animation the top rung of this particular ladder would need to find playing the instrument, learning and memorising new repertoire and maintaining old repertoire relatively effortless (but not necessarily without a considerable investment of greatest strength time, like any job). Write Hobbies! They would also need to greatest personal strength be adrenaline junkies to some extent, and to essay be able to handle travel and spending chunks of time alone. Are the great solo pianists born, and not made? Whether one is a performer or not comes down to talent (most obviously), but also temperament and personality. The secret of performance is to personal be able to animation get out of one#8217;s own way, and to free up the mind so it is not beset by doubts and insecurities (and therefore tensions) during the process of performing. The performer becomes one with the music, one with the personal strength essay instrument. We all know that a memory slip can cause panic. Errors lead to terrors and then to possible paralysis. There have been those who, after the trauma of a memory slip, never played without the thesis score again for the rest of their careers. For others, a memory slip or momentary lapse in concentration can lead to such acute insecurity that another slip ensues, until it is virtually impossible to carry on. It#8217;s all in strength essay, the mind!
Surely the single biggest fear around public performance is that we will forget. It is perfectly possible to be an verb amazing pianist without being an greatest personal strength essay amazing musician, and to be a great musician and yet have quite average skills at an instrument. I recall the apocryphal story of the debut of Adele Marcus, one of the most significant and brilliant teachers of piano of the second half of the last century. She was responsible for producing an impressive list of pianists, and yet had no real performing career of her own. It is said that at her debut with the Schumann concerto, so nervous was she that she vomited on the keyboard and left the stage, never to return. This did not mean she was not a PHENOMENAL pianist, able to play with ease the how to structure most fiendish pieces in the piano repertoire and to toss off scales in personal strength, double notes at the drop of a hat. It meant that her vocation was as a teacher of the piano, not a performer.
Think of one of the other great teachers of the era, Maria Curcio not known as a performing pianist, at all. A great virtuoso might not make a constructive or insightful teacher because they might never have had to struggle with the instrument. Search! Everything came naturally to greatest them, and they have little idea how to build a pianist. A great teacher may also be a great performer, but very often they are two different animals. When I look at the students who have gone through my hands over the years, I have had the gamut. Do I look at the small handful who are now making careers as concert pianists as being better than, or more successful than others who have thriving piano teaching studios or those who decided to pursue more general musical careers, or those who played for a time and then stopped? No, not at all! The elderly person who wants to keep up their piano playing because it brings them joy and keeps their mind active, the lawyer who can#8217;t live without Beethoven sonatas even though he has very limited time to practise these are just as valid (no more or less so) in the grand (no pun intended) scheme of things than the talented child who absorbs music like a sponge or the tertiary level students about to play their practical exams.
Heaven forbid that everyone who comes to me for lessons has aspirations for a career as a concert pianist. Plant! Imagine a world overtaken by concert pianists! What a nightmare thought! There are very many reasons why people start having piano lessons in their childhood. Those who are destined to be pianists will usually (although not always) take to it like a duck to water and personal strength race ahead. For those others, many find solace in the act of playing, a channel for structure a biography essay self expression, an appreciation of the music, and the deep satisfaction of mastering an instrument. For myself, it was a burning passion to play the piano that, for various reasons, had to wait a bit.
I think I was just as smitten with music itself as I was with the greatest strength essay piano, and perhaps my yearning to play had its roots in the need (yes, need) to in education express music through my fingers. Embarking on tertiary level piano studies at the RCM was in many ways an irrational decision, based on an overriding passion for the subject (not necessarily for performance, though this came later as a necessary evil). I think there is a lot of angst among piano students as they draw to the end of undergraduate studies. Most of them decided to follow this path because of their passion, yet what sort of job will there be at the end of it? Should I be a performer or a teacher, or a bit of both? How will I support a family, or even pay the rent? This crisis of strength identity is common, and there are big decisions to be made. As for the “performer” dilemma, it doesn’t matter how much you may enjoy doing it and feel like this is the how to a biography essay life for you, if you haven’t excelled in exams and greatest strength college competitions by your final year, you need to see this as some sort of essay barometer for how you will stack up against the fierce competition in the professional world. Remember nobody thinking of booking Vladimir Horowitz ever asked his agent if he had a doctorate… Unless you love the idea of teaching piano, then the realities of this path may not always be glamorous. For me, it was a vocation from the greatest personal beginning and it still gives me enormous satisfaction.
Yet we don’t need to be so cut-and-dried about structure things a portfolio career is absolutely the strength way of the how to essay future for conservatory graduates, and modern institutions are preparing their students for this (along with business management and other tools I wish I had learned back then). Some playing, some ensemble work, some teaching, some writing, even something else non-musical. Why not? A freelance career based on mixed activities like this would be the strength envy of many trapped in a more regular job. And in these uncertain times, if one area dried up, you would still have the others. The point I am slowly coming to animation in education essay is that everyone can find their niche in the wider world of the piano. We embark on a career in this area because we love it, and as such we are extremely fortunate already. Personal Strength Essay! Share This Story, Choose Your Platform! Excellent post #8212; thank you. It applies to how to essay all instruments, not just piano.
One thing I find sad or frustrating is that most of the teachers at conservatories are people who have excelled as performers in some way but are not necessarily skilled as teachers. The hiring process seems geared toward obtaining star performers and not great teachers (the latter of personal course being harder to identify). Hobbies! It#8217;s been a while since I#8217;ve been involved in that world, but that was my experience with it. Thanks for your comment, Harriet. Perhaps the personal great teachers are able to choose to be independent? Just a thought#8230; Yes, there is some of that. However, don#8217;t you think it#8217;s troubling that in many cases the animation students on higher levels are not really getting the personal best teaching? I remember seeing very talented students on my major instrument (cello) struggling because they didn#8217;t know how to how to write get better, and their teachers weren#8217;t helping them because they didn#8217;t know how, either.
Perhaps with the piano this is less likely because the standards are higher than for other instruments (repertoire is greatest, more challenging, it must be memorized, there is more competition), so the list piano students who get into the schools are probably more accomplished than those on other instruments. Conservatories are businesses at the end of the day and have to remain competitive in the market place. Strength! It is an enormous draw for them to have a big name performer on the staff. I think it depends on the level of the student the higher level (postgraduate) student secure in their technique can gain a ton from being inspired and guided by a top-flight virtuoso. In my experience, the average undergraduate needs a lot of TLC from an experienced teacher who will be able to deliver on a regular, committed basis. It is the resume verb difference between training and greatest coaching the former dealing with the how to write hobbies construction of greatest strength a pianist from grass roots upwards, the latter concerned with improving or enhancing an end product on a given day. Resume! These activities are poles apart, and should not be confused. After studying classical guitar and getting my repertoire and performance skills up enough to strength play full concerts I have forsaken the guitar and have started again on the piano three years ago and search my goal is to get to the same place.
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How to Write a Masterpiece of a Resume. This award-winning guide to resume writing will teach you to write a resume equal to one done by a top-notch professional writer. It offers examples, format choices, help writing the objective, the summary and other sections. It is one of the most trusted resume-writing guide on the planet, recently updated, and viewed by greatest essay, more than 20 million people. Define your target market Play up transferrable skills Key in on the tribe. First: Focus Your Objective Your Summary Skills and Accomplishments. Own your digital footprint Use social media to structure essay your advantage Leverage keywords.
Visual appeal, format, and personal essay length Consistency Details that matter. Writing a great resume does not necessarily mean you should follow the rules you hear through the grapevine. It does not have to be one page or follow a specific resume format. Every resume is a one-of-a-kind marketing communication. It should be appropriate to your situation and do exactly what you want it to do.
Instead of a bunch of rules and tips, we are going to resume search cut to essay the chase in this brief guide and offer you the essay, most basic principles of strength writing a highly effective resume. Who are we to be telling you how to write your resume? Our specialty at Rockport Institute is career change coaching, counseling and consulting. We help clients design and change to a new career or job, one they will love; work that makes full use of resume search their talents, fits their personality, their values, and personal strength essay is also practical, from write, Fortune 500 C.E.O.s, mid and personal early career professionals, artists, technical people, millenials, and others in nearly every field of endeavor. Our staff has been commended for excellence by two U.S. Death Of Ivan. presidents. Our first book, The Pathfinder: How to Choose or Change Your Career for a Lifetime of Satisfaction and strength essay Success was a top-10 national bestseller. Thesis For The. That is our one and only specialty.
If you think you may be in the wrong career, check out our main website. The most difficult resumes to personal essay write are those of career changers since they depend on thinking out death a clear marketing proposition. So, we are resume experts, but WE DO NOT WRITE RESUMES. A resume for a mid-level professional can easily cost $1000. Personal Strength Essay. With this guide, you can do it yourself. The good news and the bad – The good news is resume verb that, with a little extra effort, you can create a resume that makes you stand out as a superior candidate for a job you are seeking. Not one resume in a hundred follows the principles that stir the interest of greatest personal strength prospective employers. So, even if you face fierce competition, with a well written resume you should be invited to thesis for the death ilych interview more often than many people more qualified than you. The bad news is that your present resume is greatest personal strength probably much more inadequate than you now realize. You will have to learn how to think and structure write in a style that may be new to you.
If you’ve been online trying to make sense of all that’s out there about greatest personal essay, resume writing – much of it conflicting advice – stay right here. We have the final word on those nagging questions (Length? Format? Font? Keywords?). Search. We have clear, no-nonsense guidance based on thousands of real-life success stories. Here’s how to do it yourself, broken down in 10 parts. Our guide is based on one fundamental premise: Your resume is a marketing document. Greatest Personal Strength. It’s not the history of your past; it’s an list ad.
You’re selling yourself to the employer, and greatest personal strength competing against resume verb other people who are attempting to do the same thing. A great resume doesn’t just tell them what you have done but makes the same assertion that all good ads do: If you buy this product, you will get these specific, direct benefits . It presents you in the best light. It convinces the employer that you have what it takes to be successful in this new position or career. It inspires the prospective employer to pick up the phone and ask you to greatest personal strength essay come in. YOU’RE ADVERTISING YOURSELF. Here’s a key thing we know based on deep research: Every resume is resume a one-of-a-kind marketing communication. It should be appropriate to personal strength your situation and do exactly what you want it to hobbies do. The reality is that most resumes fail to stir the interest of prospective employers. Greatest Essay. So, even if you face fierce competition, with a well-written resume you should be invited to interview more often than many people – even people more qualified than you.
A great resume doesn’t only tell the employer what you have done. It makes the same assertion that all good ads do: If you buy this product, you will get these specific, direct benefits. It presents you in the best possible light. It convinces the employer that you absolutely have what it takes to be successful in this new position or career. The very best marketing is research-based marketing. So, do your research. Mlive Resume. Visit the greatest, employer’s website often and follow the mlive resume search, organization on personal strength essay social media. (Do this of how to structure a biography course after doing any necessary cleanup of your social media profile – more on that in greatest essay Section 8 of this guide, WORK ALL THE DIGITAL ANGLES .) What types of accomplishments do they celebrate and how can you weave similar accomplishments into resume search, your resume? What kind of language do they use to describe achievements?
If almost everything is “significant” or “breakthrough,” how do you tactfully place those words in various sections of your resume? You have to greatest know your customer’s needs – and have a very clear sense of the skills they’re looking for in their ideal job candidate. Our experience shows that your resume must demonstrate that you have at least 70% of a job’s requirements to have a legitimate hope of landing an interview. Do all the research you can, from how to write, online searches and social media tracking to networking with people you know. Greatest Personal Strength. If you know anyone who works there, definitely approach them for resume search, a conversation – or better yet, coffee or lunch.
TIP: Avoid HR at strength essay this stage: HR teams are constantly pushing back on unsolicited inquiries from people who want jobs. A sobering fact is that job recruiters spend an average of six seconds on every resume as they sort through digital stacks of applicants. So, focus on the employer’s needs, not yours . Mlive Search. It is imperative that you take what you learn during your research and apply it as you customize your resume. There is no shame in greatest essay adjusting your resume to write hobbies appeal to your target audience; in fact, the opposite is true. Greatest Personal. It would be inadvisable not to adapt your resume – even if slightly – for each job application. Imagine that you are the person doing the hiring. This someone with skin in the game. Often, it’s the person who is responsible for structure essay, the bottom-line performance of the greatest personal strength, project or team you hope to join.
This is someone who cares deeply how well the job will be done. You need to write your resume to appeal directly to him or her: If this person thinks you can be an asset and help make them look good, you have a real shot. To reiterate: Your resume is a very informed, targeted advertisement. At the animation in education essay, end of the day it’s an ad…nothing more, nothing less. 2. YOUR RESUME’S #1 JOB: LAND AN INTERVIEW. It’s critical to always bear in personal mind that your resume is mlive resume search a tool with one specific purpose: to greatest win an interview.
If it doesn’t, it isn’t an effective resume. So how do you prevail? First, embrace some basic truths about the job-seeking landscape. First, let go of mlive any misguided preconceptions about what your resume is: It’s not about you. Like any strong piece of greatest personal strength advertising, it’s not about the solar power plant thesis, product being sold – it’s about the buyer and personal strength what they want. Consider Coke advertisements: They say very little about the soft drink; they say a lot about how people who drink the beverage are happy and have a lot of happy people around them. The focus is on the benefits of drinking Coke. Your resume is about the benefits of hiring you. Your resume is not a place to brag; nor is it a place to for the death be modest.
Its sole purpose is to generate interest in you. What differentiates you from the greatest personal strength essay, competition. In addition to resume search including all relevant information about your skills, background, accomplishments, etc. (see Section 5 and Section 6), find ways to include details that could generate curiosity. Personal Strength Essay. Were you born in a different country? Is there community or volunteer work that’s appealing? Are you fluent in in education essay multiple languages? Did you go through college in personal three years – or later in life? These are real people reading your resume, and maybe there’s a fact about how to hobbies, you they’ll relate to or find interesting. What does that mean?
In The Pathfinder, we discuss how roughly 75% of people have a personality type we describe as Tribal. Personal Essay. They are group workers, usually most successful and satisfied working with and for the of ivan through other people as members of an organization, group, or ‘tribe.’” They are at their best when they are attuned to essay the tribe and contributing to its goals. (For the record, the other 25% are what we call Maestros who identify as specialist – e.g., “I am a software developer” versus “I work for Microsoft” – for plant, more, see The Pathfinder.) Back to the tribe: If you’re selling yourself to an organization, you’re selling yourself to a tribe. The tribe’s members will have to be convinced that you’re “one of them.” Use the research conducted in Section 1 to greatest personal inform your approach in how you construct and write your resume. Consider the scenario of two tribes living on opposite sides of how to hobbies a lake.
If you want to be hired by greatest strength, the tribe across the lake, you want to appear as though you’re already one of them. This will inform everything you put in your resume – from the animation in education essay, adjectives you use to the aspects of your education and work experience that you emphasize, to the outside interests you include. If the employer’s mission statement includes language about personal, “customer focus” and its website talks about animation in education, “innovation,” those words should be reflected in your resume (in a not-too-obvious way). Greatest Essay. If the employer is “results-driven” and cares about “sustainable solutions,” make it clear that you are results-focused and understand the importance of sustainable progress. You have to learn how to thesis death write powerful but subtle advertising copy. An effective way to do this is to personal think of it as telling an introductory story. When you meet someone, you want to know “their story,” right? It’s the same for that hiring manager looking at your resume. It’s important that all of the information you present fits together cohesively, and helps the in education, hiring manager understand your background, skills and capacities, and the educational and greatest strength essay work experiences that have led to you to where you are today. While you are selling a product, you shouldn’t “hard sell” or make any claims that are not true.
Most employers respond to resumes that are both impressive as well as credible. They are not fond of hyperbole; they also have no way of knowing if you’re being overly-modest. Animation In Education. It’s a balancing act. 3. KNOW EXACTLY WHAT KIND OF RESUME YOU’RE WRITING. There are three basic types of resumes: Chronological, Functional, and personal “Combined” Chronological – Functional. Generally speaking, we prefer the how to, Combined approach – but this decision should be informed by personal essay, the type of job you’re seeking and the type of employer you’re seeking to impress. For example, if you’re applying for a job in a more traditional field such as law, science, or engineering, a Chronological approach would be best. In Education Essay. If you are changing your career or returning to the job market after a break, a Functional resume is the way to strength essay go.
A Combined approach offers the most flexibility; and if you’re in a creative field, you might make modifications to a Combined format that showcase your artistic eye or style. Write. At the greatest personal strength essay, end of the day, it’s all about generating the thesis statement death of ivan, best marketing copy to sell yourself. The chronological resume is the more traditional resume structure. The Experience section is the focus of the personal, resume; each job (or the last several jobs) is described in some detail, and there is no major section of skills or accomplishments at the beginning of the resume. This structure is animation in education primarily used when you are staying in the same profession and in the same type of work. Greatest Personal Strength Essay. It is also commonly used in certain fields such as law and academia. Write Hobbies. We recommend that the chronological resume always have an Objective or Summary for the reader. Advantages: This approach may appeal to more traditional readers and may be best in conventional or conservative fields. It makes it easier to understand what you did in what job, and greatest personal essay may help the name of the employer stand out (if it’s impressive). The disadvantage is that it is much more difficult to highlight what you do best.
This format is rarely appropriate for someone making a career change. The functional resume highlights your major skills and accomplishments from the very beginning. It helps the reader see clearly what you can do for them, rather than having to read through the job descriptions to find out. Actual company names and search positions are in a subordinate position, with no description under each. There are many different types of formats for functional resumes. The functional resume is a must for career changers, but is very appropriate for generalists, for those with spotty or divergent careers, for those with a wide range of skills in personal essay their given profession, for mlive resume, students, for strength essay, military officers, for homemakers returning to the job market, and for those who want to make slight shifts in their career direction. Advantages: It will help you most in reaching for a new goal or direction, and it is highly recommended for in education essay, such purposes. The disadvantage is personal strength essay that it isn’t easy for the employer to quickly discern exactly what you did in each job (which could be a problem for some conservative resume reviewers).
A combined resume includes elements of both the chronological and functional formats. It may be a shorter chronology of job descriptions preceded by a short “Skills and Accomplishments” section – or with a longer Summary including a skills list or a list of a biography essay “qualifications”). It can also be a standard functional resume with the accomplishments under headings of greatest different jobs held. There are important advantages to this combined approach: It maximizes the advantages of both kinds of resumes, avoiding potential negative effects of either type. One disadvantage is mlive resume that it tends to be a longer resume. Personal Strength Essay. Another is that it can be repetitious: Accomplishments and skills may have to be repeated in both the “functional” section and the “chronological” job descriptions. 4. GUIDANCE FOR A CAREER CHANGE RESUME. Clearly, career change has become a new norm of working. Essay. As we noted in strength essay Section 3, a career-change job search calls for resume list, a Functional resume. DEFINE YOUR TARGET MARKET.
“Target market” in strength essay advertising refers to people a company aims to turn into customers. Resume Verb List. In your career-change job search, your target is the collection of specific organizations that might hire you to do what you want to greatest personal strength do…where you want to do it. Start with geographic requirements – is the world…. or Seattle? Within that geographic area, target the type of organization that interests you: profit-making, non-for-profit, or government? What kind of business or industry? What size organization? Once you have your parameters, identify specific employers and learn all you can about them. What is their history? What do they emphasize in their messaging? Who are the decision makers?
What is thesis statement for the of ivan their hiring philosophy? What kind of work culture is it? In addition to digging around online and in social media, use your networking skills to learn all you can to help inform how you customize your resume. PLAY UP TRANSFERRABLE SKILLS. Jobs in personal strength very different professional fields can often have a number of how to write similar requirements. Let’s say that you want to go from personal, a marketing position in a pharmaceutical firm to a fund-raising role for a not-for-profit. What are the skills you’ve already demonstrated that are applicable? They may be more than you think. Consider these possibilities: Time management Project management Collaboration Persuasive communicating Strong decision-making Composure under pressure Innovative problem-solving.
You should also be prepared to speak to your motivation for a career change. You can weave a little of this into your Objective, then also be prepared to write about it briefly in your cover letter, and then of course speak to it when you land an how to interview. As a career changer, you are effectively moving from greatest personal essay, one tribe to solar another. Within the greatest strength essay, bounds of integrity, the story you tell has to explain why the tribe you now want to enter is really the verb, right one for greatest strength, you (and not the other one). This is another instance where research is critical.
Go to statement for the LinkedIn and similar sites and take a look at greatest personal strength essay a good number of resumes of people seeking similar jobs. Also, tap into your circle of colleagues, friends, and family. Tune into statement for the death of ivan, the axis we call the Quality of greatest strength Transactions in plant thesis The Pathfinder. The basic premise of this model is that the closer you are to connections that are “hot” (e.g., someone high up in the organization is willing to go to bat for you) versus “cold” (no connections and a basic resume submitted), the more likely you are to have quality transactions that can result in strength getting you hired. Even somewhere in the “warm” range – maybe you know someone who knows someone in a position to help – is highly preferable to coming in cold. And create partners: Scan the connections of animation in education your connections on LinkedIn. Personal Strength. Then follow up energetically (more on this in animation essay Section 7 on strength Digital Angles).
TIP: There tends to be higher scrutiny of career changers, so the extent to which you can gain traction within the tribe is of fundamental importance. 5. THE JUICE: YOUR ASSERTIONS SECTION. In most cases, a great resume has two main sections. In the first, you make assertions about your abilities, qualities, and achievements. You write powerful, but honest, advertising copy that grabs the reader’s attention. Resume. (Exceptions to this are resumes targeting generally conservative fields such as law, science, or engineering.) The second section, the evidence section, is where you back up your assertions with evidence that you actually did what you said you did.
This is strength where you list and describe the resume verb, jobs you’ve held, your education, etc. And if you have opted to pass on an Assertions section, you have to build a powerful evidence-based resume that builds the case for personal essay, you as a candidate – with especially compelling skills and accomplishments summarized in the top half of the first page. The real juice in your resume is what you assert about yourself right up front. This is verb list where you shine. Essay. The hard truth based on research: Only one interview is granted for every 200 resumes received by the average employer. Research also tells us that your resume will be quickly scanned, rather than read. Mlive. You have only seconds to persuade a prospective employer to read further. The top half of the first page of your resume will either make or break your chances. Ask yourself: What does the employer really want?
How would you fill those shoes? What would set a truly exceptional candidate apart from a merely good one? If you are not sure what would make someone a superior candidate, you can gather intel from the job postings you see, and/or from people who work in the same company or the same field. You could even call the prospective employer and ask them what they want. Greatest Essay. Don’t make wild guesses. Write down everything you have ever done that demonstrates that you’re the right fit for in education essay, the job and the prospective employer. You don’t have to confine yourself to work-related accomplishments. TIP: Use your entire life as the palette to paint with. The point is to cover all possible ways of personal essay thinking about and communicating what you do well. What are the talents you bring to the marketplace?
If you are making a career change or are a new to of ivan the job market, you are going to have to be especially creative in getting across what makes you stand out. This initial brainstorming focus will generate the raw material from which you craft your resume. So many resumes we see make a gallant effort to inform the reader. But we don’t want the employer to be informed; we want them to be interested and curious. In fact, it’s best to leave your reader with a few questions they would like to ask you. In your assertions section, state your Objective – your intended job. Greatest Essay. Ideally, your resume should convey why you are the perfect candidate for one specific job or job title. There is a biography essay debate out personal strength there about how to, whether to state an Objective, but generally speaking, we think it’s a good idea. Personal Strength. If you’re in a creative field or have gained insights suggesting that the employer would prefer an outside-of-the-box approach, perhaps you forego an Objective. Keep it to the point, and how to hobbies keep the employer front and center as your write.
Consider this example. The owner of a small software company advertises for an experienced software salesperson. Greatest Strength. A week later they have 500 resumes. The applicants have a bewildering variety of backgrounds, and animation the employer has no way of knowing whether any of them are really interested in greatest personal essay selling software. Then the animation in education, employer spots a resume that starts with the following: “OBJECTIVE – a software sales position in an organization seeking an extraordinary record of generating new accounts, exceeding sales targets and enthusiastic customer relations.” This is a fit . Greatest. Not only mlive search does this candidate want the job, they want to make a real contribution. Job-seekers often make the personal strength, mistake of saying something like, “a position where I can hone my skill as a scissors sharpener.”
Examples follow. In all of these examples, the underlined words and phrases could be interchanged with words and phrases relevant to your expertise, industry, and how to hobbies the type of role you are seeking. In this example, the statement is not preceded by greatest personal, the word “Objective.” Experienced IT professional offering more than five years of hands-on experience in programming , web development , and IT trouble-shooting , and seeks leadership role in resume verb leading digital organization. In this example, you see a collection of brief descriptions versus a formally stated objective in greatest personal strength a grammatically complete sentence. Strategic thinker and communicator . Expert storyteller . A decade of deadline -driven on-air reporting . Ready to pivot to executive producer role. In this example, the applicant uses a first-person approach to solar plant a creative role. “If the client wants a logo people will remember, I give them one people will never forget. If they want their brand to strength communicate , I make it sing .” In this example, the job-seeker approaches a traditional job role with a traditional string of statements.
CPA and CIA with 15 years of experience in financial services for global organizations. Financial strategist with track record for in education essay, onsidered and decisive recommendations , as well as thorough compliance with all federal, state, and internal regulations . Greatest Personal Essay. Excels at individual as well as collaborative efforts. Known for work ethic and integrity. In this example, you see a more traditional approach by a recent graduate seeking an entry-level role in a conventional job sector. OBJECTIVE: A starting position in an engineering organization where leading-edge skills and death deep commitment to every project would be an asset to the company and its people. TIP: The point of greatest strength using an Objective is to create a specific psychological response in solar the mind of the greatest personal essay, reader. If you are making a career change or have a limited work history, you want the resume search, employer to immediately focus on where you are going, rather than where you have been.
If you are looking for another job in your present field, it is more important to stress your qualities, achievements and abilities first. It is sometimes appropriate to include your Objective in your Summary section rather than have a separate Objective section. The “Summary” or “Summary of Qualifications” consists of several concise statements that focus the reader’s attention on your most important qualities, achievements, and abilities. (NOTE: If you are on greatest LinkedIn, it is important that the summary in your resume be reflected in what you have in your LinkedIn summary. You have a lot more space to work with in animation in education LinkedIn, so they needn’t match exactly, but they should be close enough that they show consistency. You should be recognizable as the same person!) The things you mention should be the most compelling demonstrations of why you should be hired – not the other candidates. Greatest Strength Essay. This is your brief window of opportunity to highlight your most impressive qualities – the power plant, spiciest part of your resume. In fact, this may be the greatest personal strength, only section fully read by the employer, so it must be strong and in education convincing.
The Summary is the one place to include professional characteristics (highly energetic, a gift for solving complex problems in a fast-paced environment, a natural salesperson, exceptional interpersonal skills, committed to personal strength essay excellence, etc.). Gear every word in the Summary to your goal: getting that interview. Here are the verb, most common ingredients of a well-written Summary. A short phrase describing your profession Followed by a statement of broad or specialized expertise Followed by two or three additional statements related to any of the following: breadth or depth of skills unique mix of personal essay skills range of environments in which you have experience a special or well-documented accomplishment a history of write hobbies awards, promotions, or superior performance commendations One or more professional or appropriate personal characteristics A sentence describing professional objective or interest. You would not necessarily use all these ingredients in one Summary. Use the ones that highlight you best. The examples below show how to include your objective in greatest personal the Summary section. TIP: If you are making a career change, your Summary section should show how what you have done in the past prepares you to do what you seek to do in the future. If you are new to the job market, your Summary will be based more on ability than experience. A few examples of essay Summary sections:
Highly motivated, creative and versatile real estate executive with seven years of experience in property acquisition, development and construction, as well as the management of greatest personal large apartment complexes. Especially skilled at essay building effective, productive working relationships with clients and staff. Excellent management, negotiation and public relations skills. Seeking a challenging management position in personal essay the real estate field that offers extensive contact with the public. Over 10 years as an organizational catalyst/training design consultant with a track record of producing extraordinary results for thesis death ilych, more than 20 national and community based organizations. A commitment to human development and community service. Energetic self-starter with excellent analytical, organizational, and creative skills. Financial Management Executive with nearly ten years of experience in banking and international trade, finance, investments and economic policy.
Innovative in structuring credit enhancement for corporate and municipal financing. Skilled negotiator with strong management, sales and marketing background. Personal. Areas of power expertise include (a bulleted list would follow this paragraph.) Health Care Professional experienced in personal strength essay management, program development and policy making in the United States as well as in several developing countries. Expertise in emergency medical services. A talent for analyzing problems, developing and simplifying procedures, and finding innovative solutions.
Proven ability to motivate and work effectively with persons from other cultures and all walks of life. Skilled in working within a foreign environment with limited resources. Plant Thesis. Commander – Chief Executive Officer of the U.S. Navy, Atlantic Fleet. Expertise in all areas of management, with a proven record of unprecedented accomplishment.
History of the highest naval awards and rapid promotion. Personal Strength Essay. Proven senior-level experience in executive decision-making, policy direction, strategic business planning, Congressional relations, financial and personnel management, research and development, and aerospace engineering. Solar Plant Thesis. Extensive knowledge of strength government military requirements in animation systems and equipment. Greatest Personal Strength Essay. Committed to the highest levels of professional and personal excellence. Performing artist with a rich baritone voice and unusual range, specializing in classical, spiritual, gospel and rap music. Featured soloist for two nationally televised events. Accomplished pianist. Extensive performance experience includes television, concert tours and statement death club acts. Available for commercial recording and personal strength live performances.
SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. In this final part of the assertions section, go into more detail. In the write, summary, you focused on your most special highlights. Now you tell the rest of the best of your story. Let the employer know what results you produced, what happened because of your efforts, what you are especially gifted or experienced at doing. TIP: Don’t tell them everything you’ve ever done. It’s okay – in fact, advisable – to leave to greatest strength your readers wondering about a thing or two in a positive way. Sometimes the write hobbies, “Skills and Accomplishments” section is a separate section. In a chronological resume, it becomes the personal, first few phrases of the descriptions of the various jobs you have held.
We will cover that in a few minutes, when we discuss the different types of resumes. When it is a separate section, it can have several possible titles, depending on your situation: SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS ACCOMPLISHMENTS SUMMARY OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS SELECTED ACCOMPLISHMENTS RECENT ACCOMPLISHMENTS AREAS OF ACCOMPLISHMENT AND EXPERIENCE AREAS OF EXPERTISE CAREER HIGHLIGHTS PROFESSIONAL HIGHLIGHTS ADDITIONAL SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. There are options for how to structure your “Skills and Accomplishments” section. Whichever you choose, put your skills and accomplishments in in education essay order of importance for the desired career goal. Greatest Strength. If you have many skills, the last skill paragraph might be called “Additional Skills.”
TIP: Be sure to use action-oriented words. These include words such as Delivered; Created; Solved; Boosted; Designed; Transformed; and Elevated (for more see our Section 9 on Power Words). Here are a few ways you could structure your “Skills and statement for the Accomplishments” section: A listing of skills or accomplishments or a combination of both, with bullets. SELECTED SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS.
Raised $1,900 in 21 days in canvassing and advocacy on environmental, health and greatest essay consumer issues. Conducted legal research for four Assistant U.S. Mlive Resume Search. Attorneys, for greatest strength essay, the U.S. Attorney’s office Coordinated Board of Directors and resume Community Advisory Board of community mental health center. Personal Essay. Later commended as “the best thing that ever happened to that job.” A listing of major skill headings with accomplishments under each. The accomplishments can be a bulleted list or in paragraph form. The material under the mlive resume search, headings should include mention of greatest personal accomplishments which prove each skill. National Training Project / Conference Management. Director of Outreach on Hunger, a national public education/training project funded by USAID, foundations and all the major church denominations.
Designed, managed and promoted three-day training conferences in cities throughout the U.S. Planned and managed 32 nationwide training seminars and a five-day annual conference for university vice-presidents and business executives. Program Design: Universities. Invited by Duke University President Terry Sanford to develop new directions and thesis statement of ivan programs for the University’s Office of Summer Educational Programs, first Director of Duke’s “Pre-college Program,” first editor of “Summer at greatest strength Duke.” Designed and successfully proposed a center for resume, the study of creativity at The George Washington University. A list of bulleted accomplishments or skill paragraphs under each job (in a chronological resume). Director of Sales and Marketing. DELAWARE TRADE INTERNATIONAL, INC. Wilmington, DE. Promoted from greatest personal strength essay, Sales Representative within one year of joining company to power plant thesis Director of Sales and Marketing. Greatest Strength Essay. Responsible for how to structure a biography essay, international sales of raw materials, as well as printing and graphic arts equipment. Greatest. Oversaw five sales managers.
Was in charge of solar thesis direct sales and marketing in 17 countries throughout Europe and the Middle East. Recruited, trained and managed sales staff. Developed marketing strategy, prepared sales projections and established quotas. Selected and contracted with overseas sub-agents to achieve international market penetration. Negotiated and finalized long-term contractual agreements with suppliers on behalf of personal essay clients.
Oversaw all aspects of transactions, including letters of credit, international financing, preparation of import/export documentation, and shipping/freight forwarding. Search. Planned and essay administered sales and marketing budget, and maintained sole profit/loss responsibility. Within first year, doubled company’s revenues, and for the death produced $7-9 million in annual sales during the next eight years. 6. THE NITTY GRITTY: YOUR EVIDENCE SECTION. The evidence section includes some or all of the following: experience, education, and possibly additional items such as awards, affiliations, and publications. While this section is secondary to greatest personal your assertions section, it is still incredibly important. TIP: Think of it as the foundation holding up your assertions so they can shine.
If this section isn’t strong enough, the resume doesn’t hold together and the hiring manager will question the credibility of your assertions. List jobs in reverse chronological order. Don’t go into how to hobbies, detail on the jobs early in your career; focus on the most recent and/or relevant jobs. (Summarize a number of the earliest jobs in one line or very short paragraph, or list only the bare facts with no position description.) Decide which is, overall, more impressive – your job titles or the names of the firms you worked for – then consistently begin with the greatest strength essay, more impressive of the two, perhaps using boldface type. You may want to describe the employer in a phrase in search parentheses if this will impress the greatest strength essay, reader. Include military service, internships, and major volunteer roles if desired; because the section is labeled “Experience.” It does not mean that you were paid. Other possible headings here include: “Professional History,” “Professional Experience”–not “Employment” or “Work History,” both of which sound more lower-level. A note about dates throughout the evidence section: Be honest but also strategic. Generally speaking, put dates in italics at the end of the job to de-emphasize them. Hobbies. Don’t include months, unless the personal, job was held less than a year. If you’re old enough to have considered botox, consider what you might “botox” in your resume. The year you earned your degree(s) doesn’t have to be included.
And as you summarize your early career, there is no need to include dates in this information. If there are gaps in your recent professional experience, use years versus months. Don’t put down anything that isn’t true – it’s too easy for employers to check information and discover mistruths. But be prepared to speak to any gaps in a way that supports the overall story you’re telling about yourself. List education in structure a biography reverse chronological order – degrees or licenses first, followed by certificates and advanced training. Set degrees apart so they are easily seen. Put in boldface whatever will be most impressive. Don’t include any details about greatest personal strength essay, college except your major and distinctions or awards you have won, unless you are still in college or just recently graduated.
Include grade-point average only if over thesis for the of ivan ilych, 3.4. Greatest. List selected coursework if this will help convince the reader of your qualifications for the targeted job. Include advanced training, but be selective with the information, summarizing the essay, information and greatest personal essay including only what will be impressive for the reader. Search. No degree yet? If you are working on an uncompleted degree, include the degree and afterwards, in parentheses, the expected date of completion: B.S. (expected 20__). Personal Strength Essay. If you didn’t finish college, start with a phrase describing the field studied, then the school, then the dates (the fact that there was no degree may be missed). Other headings might be “Education and Training,” “Education and in education essay Licenses,” “Legal Education / Undergraduate Education” (for attorneys). If the only awards received were in school, put these under the Education section. Mention what the greatest personal strength, award was for if you can (or just “for outstanding accomplishment” or “outstanding performance”). Solar Power Plant. If you have received awards, this section is almost a must.
If you have received commendations or praise from some very senior source, you could call this section, “Awards and greatest personal strength essay Commendations.” In that case, go ahead and quote the source. Professional Affiliations. Include only those that are current, relevant and ilych impressive. Include leadership roles if appropriate. This is a good section for communicating your status as a member of a minority targeted for special consideration by employers, or for showing your membership in an association that would enhance your appeal as a prospective employer. This section can be combined with “Civic / Community Leadership” as “Professional and Community Memberships.” Languages. Being fluent in more than one language is greatest personal essay definitely something to include. Civic / Community Leadership.
This is good to include if the leadership roles or accomplishments are related to the job target and can show skills acquired, for resume verb list, example, a loan officer hoping to become a financial investment counselor who was Financial Manager of a community organization charged with investing its funds. Any Board of Directors membership or “chairmanship” would be good to include. Be careful with political affiliations, as they could be a plus or minus with an employer or company. Publications. Include only greatest personal strength if published, and provide links where you can if you think the work is impressive and relevant.
Summarize if there are many. Comments from Supervisors, Clients, other Professional Elite. Include only if very exceptional. Heavily edit for key phrases. Personal Interests. Tread thoughtfully here. While personal interests tend to feature prominently on social media platforms such as LinkedIn, you should weigh how much it can help you when applying for a job—ideally on a case-by-case basis. Mlive Search. It you include a section like this, keep the following in mind. Advantages: Personal interests can indicate a skill or area of knowledge that is personal strength essay related to the goal, such as photography for someone in public relations, or carpentry and essay wood-working for someone in construction management. Greatest Strength Essay. This section can show well-roundedness, good physical health, or knowledge of a subject related to the goal. It can also create common ground or spark conversation, and/or help a hiring manager see you as someone who would fit in their tribe.
Disadvantages: Personal interests can be irrelevant to the job goal and resume verb purpose of the resume. Listing such interests can also have unintended negative consequences. For example, if you’re highly athletic and the people interviewing you aren’t physically fit – or perhaps eve self-conscious about that – the fact that you’re super-fit might not play in greatest strength your favor.If in doubt, do not include a Personal Interests section. Your reason for including it is most likely that you want to animation tell them about personal strength, you. But, as you know, this is an ad. If this section would move the mlive, employer to understand why you would be the best candidate, include it; otherwise, forget about it. This section may also be called “Interests Outside of Work,” or just “Interests.” References.
You may put “References available upon greatest request” at the end of your resume, if you wish. This is a standard close (centered at bottom in italics), but is not necessary: It is usually assumed. Do not include actual names of references. You can bring a separate sheet of references to the interview, to be given to resume list the employer upon request. 7. WORK ALL THE DIGITAL ANGLES. Social media venues offer valuable possibilities for powering your job search, as well as a few potential downsides. Be sure your digital footprint is an asset as you prepare your resume. OWN YOUR DIGITAL FOOTPRINT. Social media is a primary vehicle for communication.
You will want to include at greatest personal strength least one of your social media accounts on your resume. Essay. Be sure that any e-mail addresses and social media handles look and sound professional. If not, get new ones. You want to be [emailprotected]; not [emailprotected] Understand that most employers – 65% or more – use social networks to research candidates. Roughly half of them do so to see if the candidate is personal essay likely to solar power be a “good fit” for their culture – in other words, right for their tribe.
It is documented that employers regularly review social media to see if there are reasons not to personal strength hire an applicant. So, it is imperative that you review all of your social media postings and clean up any content that you wouldn’t want a prospective employer to how to write see. And keep an eye on personal your accounts so that you can monitor and remove comments from friends that don’t serve your professional image. Social media posts that employers cite as detrimental include evidence of essay drug use or excessive drinking, bad-mouthing of strength essay previous employers, and discriminatory language. TIP: Be sure that information on your various social media accounts is solar plant consistent. You can’t assume that an employer will only check out your LinkedIn page. Personal. They may also look for you on in education essay Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, or Google+. It is a good rule of thumb with social media posts to ask yourself whether what you are posting is something that you would be delighted for everyone in greatest strength essay the world to how to see. USE SOCIAL MEDIA TO YOUR ADVANTAGE.
Remember that you’re marketing yourself. Owning your digital footprint is greatest also about solar power, taking advantage of an additional opportunity to strength make a good impression. Make an effort beyond any clean-up activity to create a strong social media profile. This is an opportunity for you to appear thoughtful, well-rounded, positive, a strong communicator – the kinds of things employers are generally seeking. In addition, be active on social media in a way that advances your professional interests and animation essay possibilities. Engage on networking sites to increase your visibility and searchabilty with prospective employers. Strength Essay. And while you’re active on social media, to accommodate search engines, be sure that you are using a consistent version of thesis statement your professional name. Greatest Strength. If you’re “Robert L. Smith” on LinkedIn, you should be Robert L. Smith in your resume and on your other social media accounts – not Rob Smith here and there.
Your professional “screen name” is probably your most important keyword. As mentioned earlier, follow your prospective employer on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and the like. Think of resume list what you see as an aggregated news feed about the employer. It doesn’t take long to begin to get a real sense of the organization’s culture, values, and work environment intel can help you prepare the greatest strength, most thoughtful resume possible – and can also help you immensely as you later prepare for an interview. And bear in mind: The beauty of Social Media is animation in education essay that you can gain access to people you otherwise might not. If you see someone within your connections who is connected to a person of interest to you. Greatest Strength. Perhaps they are in the field in which you are seeking work; perhaps they work for animation in education essay, a company you wish to get in to – then ask your contact to introduce you. TIP: LinkedIn offers the greatest personal strength essay, opportunity for people to post recommendations.
Be sure to ask people to provide recommendations for plant thesis, you, in greatest strength particular those people who can speak to the strengths that you most want to be emphasized. In addition to your professional name, there are many other keywords to consider. Many employers routinely digitally scan resumes for keywords relevant to their companies and cultures, as well as field of work. You should assume that this is being done. Use keywords that are customized for the kind of position you’re seeking as well as your job field. For example: Consider that your current title is “Program Assistant.” But when you search online, you don’t see that title much. What you do see with high frequency on Indeed, LinkedIn, etc. is “Administrative Assistant.” It’s not a misstep in integrity to list your current title as “Administrative Assistant” if that’s accurate, and write hobbies it will increase your find-ability for recruiters and hiring managers searching online. Similar guidance holds true for skills and accomplishments. Strength Essay. When customizing your resume for a specific position, take careful note of the skills required and use any number of those words in animation essay your resume.
If you think of strength essay yourself as someone who “leads stakeholder communications,” but the employer uses the phrase “stakeholder engagement” – that’s right, you’re now an resume verb list expert in stakeholder engagement. If you have “increased website and social media traffic” in your current job, but your prospective employer’s website discusses “online presence” – your resume should note that you “elevated online presence.” Then use this same approach to find more keywords that will appeal to that hiring manager. Personal Strength Essay. After conducting your research on the employer’s website and social media pages – as well as media articles about the organization – comprise a list of power words and personal essay phrases that appear regularly. Be sure that these words and phrases appear in power thesis your resume, but in a way that doesn’t seem forced or like overkill. You have a bit of personal strength a fine line to plant thesis walk – these have to be words and essay phrases you can own in the context of selling yourself through your introductory story.
Think of your resume as a visually appealing piece of art. This your masterpiece! No matter how closely you follow the thesis statement of ivan ilych, guidance we’ve delivered here so far, if you fall short on the presentation of what you’ve written you do yourself a tremendous disservice. A note here about using images or video. Of course, there have been instances where applicants have been hired after using creative visuals or creating “video resumes.” This kind of approach is highly situational, and greatest personal strength should be carefully considered based on what you know about the job and the tribe. Hobbies. For instance, if you’re a graphic designer, why not show off your stuff to a certain extent? Or if you’re applying to strength a video production firm or a start-up with a culture that would accommodate a video submission – go for hobbies, it. That said, we also recommend that a more traditional PDF with written information accompany your video. VISUAL APPEAL, FORMAT, AND LENGTH. Everyone freely gives advice on personal strength essay resume length.
There is no universal right or wrong. Our rule of thumb is that shorter is how to write hobbies better, as long as the resume contains all of your most relevant information. If you’ve been in the workforce for a while or have many accomplishments or publications to list, you might need to exceed a page – but only if the content warrants it. Personal Strength Essay. And whether it’s one page or more, the animation in education essay, same rules apply in terms of the front end of the resume being your big, brief chance to greatest strength make an how to a biography impression. Use a simple, clean, symmetrical structure. Don’t make it to crowded with text; conversely, don’t have so much white space that it looks oddly sparse. A good rule of greatest essay thumb is thesis statement for the death of ivan ilych sections of writing that are no more than six lines, and shorter if possible.
Be sure to design elements to your advantage. For example, if there is information you want to highlight, consider using boldface. You can also draw the eye to something by ensuring there is ample white space around it. Greatest Personal. Order information in a way that draw attention to your strengths; readers tend to focus on the first and last items listed. NOTE: If you’re considering an infographic resume, be sure you give it very careful consideration. Structure A Biography Essay. While one might make you stick out in a digital stack of resumes, I have never read one that didn’t make me work harder to get the information I wanted. Unless you are an infographic designer looking for that kind of work (or something close), I would veer away from this route. Your resume must be error-free. There are no spelling errors, no typos. No grammar, syntax, or punctuation errors. There are no errors of fact.
Any recruiter or hiring manager will tell you that such errors make it easy to weed out a resume immediately. List information in personal a consistent way. For instance, every job should list this information in animation in education essay this order: Title, Name of Employer, City and State, and the years. Use boldface, underlining, and italics consistently. If you decide to bold one job title, all titles are in personal strength boldface. If you underline one section heading, underline them all. In addition, there is uniformity in the use of capital letters, bullets, dashes, hyphens, etc. So, if there is a period after one set of job dates, there is a period after all job dates. How To. If one degree is in bold, all degrees are in bold. If one job is lasted as 1999-2001 (versus 1999 – 2001 or 1999 to 2000).
Whatever you decide about strength, such things stylistically, be absolutely consistent. There are any number of details that really matter. Consider all of the following. Font. Use a font that’s universally readable such as Arial, Calibri, Garamond, Georgia, Times New Roman, Helvetica, or Didot (a good choice for creative industry). Whatever font you select, use it consistently. And use a font size that’s readable, but not distractingly large: 12-point is the way to go with some fonts, but sometimes 11-point can get the essay, job done just as well.
PDF. Save your resume file as a PDF. Strength. You don’t want to thesis for the death of ivan risk what can happen if someone opens your Word document using a different version than you have, which can disrupt your careful layout, formatting, and more. Greatest Strength Essay. File name. When saving your PDF file, be sure you give a distinctive and relevant name. How To Structure A Biography. Definitively don’t give it a number (e.g., NickSmith_V3.pdf) and don’t call it NicksResume.pdf. If Nick is applying for a Marketing Director position, a great file name would be NickSmith_MarketingDirectr.pdf). Greatest Personal Strength. Keep track.
As you customize your resume for each application, keep track of for the of ivan ilych which resume you send to which employer. If you’re called for an interview you will want to show up with nicely printed hard copies of that precise document. Don’t mix first-person and third-person. Use either the greatest strength, first person (“I) or third person (“he,” “she”) point of view, but do so consistently. Mlive Search. Watch your verb tense. If the accomplishment is completed, it should be past tense.
If the task is still underway, it should be present tense. If the skill has been used in personal essay the past and will be used again in the future, use present tense – e.g., “conduct presentations on recruitment to mlive professional and trade association.” Experience first. Experience sections should come before Education. This is because your qualifications are more related to personal your experience than your education. Exceptions would be (1) if you have just received or are completing a degree in a new field, (2) if you are a lawyer, (3) if you are an undergraduate student, or (4) if there’s something particularly impressive about your education – for example, a Rhodes Scholarship or an in education MBA from Harvard. Sell yourself – first and foremost. Always bear in mind the needs of your customer – the strength, employer. What do they need to know to verb list assess that you’re right for the job and will deliver for them? Customize your resume for each job application. Use keywords selected with your prospective employer in mind.
Be sure you can back up what you say (pumping up is strength essay fine but within the bounds of integrity). Use dynamic, high-energy language. Tighten up sentences where you can. Space is at a premium. Statement Death Of Ivan Ilych. Use quantitative information when possible as you describe accomplishments (e.g., ($1 million portfolio, increased sales 30%, double revenues). Look at everything you’ve written in greatest personal your resume and add action verbs wherever possible. Thesis Statement Of Ivan. Make your resume long enough to include all relevant information. Be sure any e-mail addresses and social media handles shared are appropriate (not unprofessional).
Use the personal essay, same version of your professional “screen name” consistently. Be unduly modest. You are selling yourself, period. Wing it. How To Structure A Biography. Real preparation and greatest personal strength homework is power plant required – no matter how lucky you’ve been in greatest strength the past. Include information – even if you’re proud of it – that could be construed as controversial or possible be off-putting to the employer (e.g., fringe personal interests, religious activity, political affiliation). List everything you’ve ever done. It’s better to leave an mlive search employer a little curious and more apt to interview you. Include salary information. It is appropriate for you to personal essay provide this information only when asked. Mention reasons for leaving jobs.
You can have tactful, professional reasons ready for interviews. Include references. Provide them when requested, and write hobbies be sure your references know that an personal strength essay inquiry is on the way. Try to be funny or cute – no matter how great your personality, these things don’t translate on plant thesis paper. Include every single piece of strength information about yourself – this is not your resume’s job. If the employer wants to know more about for the death of ivan, you, they’ll ask you for an interview. Get wordy.
Don’t use three examples when one will suffice. Be hyperbolic. Don’t use more than one power word or adjective in one sentence. Underestimate the power of reading the personal, job posting carefully and doing all of structure a biography essay your homework. An astute hiring manager will recognize that you’ve done your advance work and will respect that about you. 10. USE YOUR WORDS (POWER WORDS)
This isn’t about greatest personal, using fancy or unique words. It’s about using words that connect with your customer. Mlive Resume Search. Remember: This is customized ad copy. accelerated accomplished achieved acquired addressed administered advanced advised advocated aligned allocated amplified analyzed answered appeared applied appointed appraised approved arbitrated arranged assembled assessed assigned assisted assumed assured attained audited authored authorized awarded. blocked boosted bought briefed broadened brought budgeted built. campaigned capitalized cascaded cataloged caused changed chaired charted clarified classified closed coached collected combined commented communicated compared compiled completed computed conceived conserved concluded conducted conceptualized considered consolidated constructed consulted continued contracted controlled converted conveyed convinced coordinated corrected counseled counted created critiqued cultivated cut. dealt decided decreased defined delegated delivered demonstrated described designed determined developed devised diagnosed digitized directed discovered discussed distributed documented doubled drafted. earned edited educated effected elevated eliminated endorsed enforced engineered enhanced enlarged enlisted ensured entered established estimated evaluated examined exceeded executed expanded expedited experienced experimented explained explored expressed extended. facilitated filed filled financed focused forecast forged formulated fostered found founded. gained gathered generated graded granted guided. halved handled headed up helped hired.
identified illustrated implemented improved incorporated increased indexed initiated influenced informed innovated inspected inspired installed instituted instructed insured integrated interpreted interviewed introduced invented invested investigated involved issued itemized. launched learned leased lectured led leveraged licensed lifted listed lobbied logged. made maintained managed mapped matched maximized measured mediated merged met mobilized modified monitored motivated moved. named navigated negotiated. observed opened operated optimized orchestrated ordered organized outperformed overhauled oversaw.
participated partnered perceived performed persuaded pioneered planned prepared presented processed procured produced programmed prohibited projected promoted proposed provided published purchased persuaded promoted pursued qualified. qualified quantified questioned. raised ranked rated reached realized received recommended reconciled recorded recruited redesigned reduced refined refocused regulated rehabilitated related reorganized repaired replaced replied reported represented researched resolved responded restored restructured revamped reviewed revised revitalized. saved scheduled secured selected served serviced set set up shaped shared showcased showed simplified sold solved sorted sought sparked spearheaded specified spoke staffed standardized started streamlined strengthened stressed stretched structured studied submitted substituted succeeded suggested summarized superseded supervised surpassed surveyed sustained systematized. tackled targeted taught terminated tested took toured traced tracked traded trained transferred transcribed transformed translated transported traveled treated trimmed tripled turned tutored.
umpired uncovered understood understudied unified united unraveled updated upgraded used utilized. verbalized verified visited. waged weighed widened won worked wrote. ability capable capability capacity competence competent complete completely consistent contributions demonstrated developing educated efficient effective effectiveness enlarging equipped excellent exceptional expanding experienced global increasing knowledgeable major mature maturity nationwide nuanced outstanding performance positive potential productive proficient profitable proven qualified record repeatedly resourceful responsible results significant significantly sound specialist substantial substantially successful stable thorough thoroughly versatile vigorous well-educated well-rounded worldwide. 10124 Lakewood Drive. Rockville, MD, USA.
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1 Oracle Text SQL Statements and Operators. This chapter describes the SQL statements and Oracle Text operators for creating and managing Text indexes and performing Text queries. The following statements are described in this chapter: This section describes the ALTER INDEX statement as it pertains to managing a Text domain index. For a complete description of the ALTER INDEX statement, see Oracle Database SQL Reference . Use ALTER INDEX to make changes to, or perform maintenance tasks for a CONTEXT , CTXCAT , or CTXRULE index. All Index Types. Use ALTER INDEX to perform the following tasks on all Oracle Text index types: Rename the index or index partition.
See ALTER INDEX RENAME Syntax. Rebuild the index using different preferences. Some restrictions apply for personal, the CTXCAT index type. See ALTER INDEX REBUILD Syntax. CONTEXT and CTXRULE Index Types. Use ALTER INDEX to perform the following tasks on power plant thesis, CONTEXT and CTXRULE index types: Resume a failed index operation (creation/optimization). Add sections and greatest strength, stop sections to the index.
Replace index metadata. ALTER INDEX REBUILD Syntax to thesis for the death of ivan ilych, learn more about performing these tasks. Overview of ALTER INDEX Syntax. The syntax for ALTER INDEX is fairly complex. The major divisions are covered in the following sections: ALTER INDEX PARAMETERS Syntaxuse this to modify the parameters of a non-partitioned index, or to modify all partitions of strength a local partitioned index, without rebuilding the index.
ALTER INDEX RENAME Syntaxuse this to rename an statement for the of ivan ilych index or index partition. ALTER INDEX REBUILD Syntaxuse this to greatest, rebuild an index or index partition. With this command, you can also replace index metadata; add stopwords, sections, and stop sections to an index; and resume a failed operation. Power Thesis. The parameters for ALTER INDEX REBUILD have their own syntax, which is personal strength, a subset of the thesis ilych, syntax for ALTER INDEX . For example, the ALTER INDEX REBUILD PARAMETERS command can take either REPLACE or RESUME as an strength argument, and ALTER INDEX REBUILD PARAMETERS ('REPLACE') can take several arguments. Valid examples of ALTER INDEX REBUILD include the solar plant thesis, following statements: ALTER INDEX MODIFY PARTITION Syntax. Personal Essay. Use the following syntax to list, modify the metadata of an index partition: Specify the name of the index whose partition metadata you want to modify. Specify the name of the index partition whose metadata you want to greatest personal strength essay, modify. The only valid argument here is power thesis, ' REPLACE METADATA '. This follows the same syntax as ALTER INDEX REBUILD PARTITION PARAMETERS ('REPLACE METADATA') ; refer to the REPLACE METADATA subsection of the ALTER INDEX REBUILD Syntax section for more information. (The two commands are equivalent.
ALTER INDEX MODIFY PARTITION is personal, offered for ease of use, and resume verb, is the recommended syntax.) ALTER INDEX PARAMETERS Syntax. Greatest Strength. Use the following syntax for modifying the resume search, parameters of a either non-partitioned or local partitioned indexes, without rebuilding the greatest strength essay, index. For partitioned indexes, this command works at verb list the index level, not at the partition level. This command changes information for the entire index, including all partitions. ALTER INDEX PARAMETERS accepts the following arguments for paramstring ; Replaces current metadata. Refer to the REPLACE METADATA subsection of the ALTER INDEX REBUILD Syntax section for more information.
Dynamically adds a stopword to an index. Refer to the ADD STOPWORD subsection of the ALTER INDEX REBUILD Syntax section for more information. ' ADD FIELD SECTION ' Dynamically adds a field section to greatest, an index. Refer to the ADD FIELD subsection of the ALTER INDEX REBUILD Syntax section for more information. ' ADD ZONE SECTION ' Dynamically adds a zone section to an index. Refer to the ADD ZONE subsection of the ALTER INDEX REBUILD Syntax section for more information. ' ADD ATTR SECTION ' Dynamically adds an attribute section to an index Refer to the ADD ATTR subsection of the how to structure, ALTER INDEX REBUILD Syntax section for more information.
Each of the above commands has an equivalent ALTER INDEX REBUILD PARAMETERS version. For example, ALTER INDEX PARAMETERS ('REPLACE METADATA') is equivalent to ALTER INDEX REBUILD PARAMETERS ('REPLACE METADATA') . However, the ALTER INDEX PARAMETERS versions work on strength essay, either partitioned or non-partitioned indexes, whereas the ALTER INDEX REBUILD PARAMETERS versions work only on structure, non-partitioned indexes. ALTER INDEX RENAME Syntax. Use the following syntax to rename an greatest personal essay index or index partition: Specify the name of the index to rename. Specify the new name for schema.index. The new_index_name parameter can be no more than 25 bytes, and 21 bytes for a partitioned index. If you specify a name longer than 25 bytes (or longer than 21 bytes for a partitioned index), then Oracle Text returns an error and the renamed index is no longer valid. How To Structure A Biography. When new_index_name is more than 25 bytes (21 for local partitioned index) and less than 30 bytes, Oracle Text renames the index, even though the strength essay, system returns an error. To drop the index and associated tables, you must drop new_index_name with the DROP INDEX statement and statement for the, then re-create and drop index_name . Specify the name of the index partition to rename.
Specify the greatest personal strength essay, new name for partition. ALTER INDEX REBUILD Syntax. Use ALTER INDEX REBUILD to rebuild an index, rebuild an index partition, resume a failed operation, replace index metadata, add stopwords to an index, or add sections and stop sections to plant, an index. ALTER INDEX REBUILD has its own sub-syntax. That is, its parameters have their own syntax.
For example, the ALTER INDEX REBUILD PARAMETERS command can take either REPLACE or RESUME as an essay argument, and solar plant, ALTER INDEX REBUILD PARAMETERS ('REPLACE') has several arguments it can take. Valid examples of ALTER INDEX REBUILD include the following statements: This is the syntax for ALTER INDEX REBUILD : Rebuilds the index partition partname . Only one index partition can be built at a time. When you rebuild a partition you can specify only RESUME or REPLACE in paramstring. Greatest Personal. These operations work only on mlive resume search, the partname you specify. Greatest Personal Strength Essay. With the REPLACE operation, you can only specify MEMORY and STORAGE for each index partition. Adding Partitions To add a partition to the base table, use the ALTER TABLE SQL statement. When you add a partition to solar power plant, an indexed table, Oracle Text automatically creates the greatest strength, metadata for the new index partition. The new index partition has the same name as the how to a biography essay, new table partition. Personal Essay. Change the how to write, index partition name with ALTER INDEX RENAME . Splitting or Merging Partitions Splitting or merging a table partition with ALTER TABLE renders the index partition(s) invalid. You must rebuild them with ALTER INDEX REBUILD . ONLINE enables you to greatest essay, continue to perform updates, inserts, and deletes on a base table.
It does not enable you to query the base table. You can specify REPLACE or RESUME when rebuilding an index or an index partition ONLINE . Optionally specify paramstring . If you do not specify paramstring , then Oracle Text rebuilds the resume list, index with existing preference settings. The syntax for paramstring is as follows: Rebuilds an index. You can optionally specify preferences: your own or system-defined. Greatest. You can only replace preferences that are supported for that index type. For instance, you cannot replace index set for a CONTEXT or CTXRULE index. How To Structure A Biography Essay. Similarly, for personal, the CTXCAT index type, you can replace lexer, wordlist, storage index set, and memory preferences.
POPULATE is the default and does not need to be specified. If you want to resume verb list, empty the index of its contents, then specify NOPOPULATE . Clear an index of its contents when you need to essay, rebuild your index incrementally. The NOPOPULATE choice is ilych, available for a specific partition of the index, and not just for the entire index. If you are rebuilding a partitioned index with REPLACE , then you can only specify STORAGE , MEMORY , and NOPOPULATE . Chapter 2, Oracle Text Indexing Elements for more information about creating and setting preferences, including information about system-defined preferences. Replaces the existing preference class settings, including SYNC parameters, of the index with the settings from new_preference . Only index preferences and attributes are replaced. The index is not rebuilt. This command is useful for when you want to replace a preference and essay, its attribute settings after the thesis for the death ilych, index is built, without reindexing all data. Reindexing data can require significant time and greatest strength, computing resources. This command is also useful for changing the type of SYNC , which can be automatic, manual, or on-commit. ALTER INDEX REBUILD PARAMETER ('REPLACE METADATA') does not work for solar plant thesis, a local partitioned index at greatest personal the global level for the index. You cannot, for example, use this syntax to change a global preference, such as filter or lexer type, without rebuilding the index.
Use ALTER INDEX PARAMETERS instead to change the metadata of an index at animation essay the global level, including all partitions. Refer to greatest personal strength, ALTER INDEX PARAMETERS Syntax. When should I use the METADATA keyword? REPLACE METADATA should be used only when the change in index metadata will not lead to an inconsistent index, which can lead to resume list, incorrect query results. Greatest. For example, use this command in the following instances: To go from a single-language lexer to statement for the of ivan ilych, a multi-lexer in anticipation of multilingual data. For an example, see Replacing Index Metadata: Changing Single-lexer to Multi-lexer.
To change the WILDCARD_MAXTERMS setting in BASIC_WORDLIST. To change the personal essay, type of SYNC , which can be automatic, manual, or on-commit. These changes are safe and will not lead to an inconsistent index that might adversely affect your query results. The REPLACE METADATA command can result in inconsistent index data, which can lead to incorrect query results. As such, Oracle does not recommend using this command, unless you carefully consider the effect it will have on the consistency of your index data and subsequent queries. There can be many instances when changing metadata can result in inconsistent index data. For example, Oracle recommends against using the METADATA keyword after doing the following procedures: Changing the USER_DATASTORE procedure to a new PL/SQL stored procedure that has different output. Solar Power. Changing the BASIC_WORDLIST attribute PREFIX_INDEX from NO to YES because no prefixes have been generated for already-existing documents. Changing it from YES to NO is safe. Adding or changing BASIC_LEXER printjoin and greatest personal, skipjoin characters, because new queries with these characters would be lexed differently from verb how these characters were lexed at index time.
In these unsafe cases, Oracle recommends rebuilding the personal strength, index. REPLACE [METADATA] SYNC (MANUAL | EVERY interval-string | ON COMMIT) Specify SYNC for automatic synchronization of the CONTEXT index when a DML change has occurred to the base table. You can specify one of the SYNC methods shown in Table 1-1, ALTER INDEX Sync Methods. Table 1-1 ALTER INDEX Sync Methods. No automatic synchronization. This is the default. You must manually synchronize the index with CTX_DDL.SYNC_INDEX . Use MANUAL to disable ON COMMIT and EVERY synchronization. Automatically synchronize the thesis statement death of ivan, index at a regular interval specified by the value of greatest strength essay interval-string . interval-string takes the same syntax as that for scheduler jobs.
Automatic synchronization using EVERY requires that the index creator have CREATE JOB privileges. Make sure that interval-string is resume verb, set to a long enough period so that any previous sync jobs will have completed. Otherwise, the strength essay, sync job may hang. interval-string must be enclosed in mlive resume search, double quotes ('' ''). Synchronize the index immediately after a commit. The commit does not return until the sync is complete. Personal Essay. (Because the how to a biography essay, synchronization is greatest personal strength, performed as a separate transaction, there may be a time period, usually small, when the data is committed but index changes are not.) The operation uses the memory specified with the memory parameter.
Note that the resume list, sync operation has its own transaction context. Greatest Personal Essay. If this operation fails, the animation essay, data transaction still commits. Index synchronization errors are logged in the CTX_USER_INDEX_ERRORS view. See Viewing Index Errors under CREATE INDEX . Each partition of a locally partitioned index can have its own type of sync: ( ON COMMIT , EVERY , or MANUAL ). The type of sync specified in essay, master parameter strings applies to all index partitions unless a partition specifies its own type. With automatic ( EVERY ) synchronization, you can specify memory size and parallel synchronization. The syntax is: ON COMMIT synchronizations can only be executed serially and at the same memory size as what was specified at index creation. This command rebuilds the index. When you want to resume, change the SYNC setting without rebuilding the index, use the greatest strength essay, REBUILD REPLACE METADATA SYNC (MANUAL | ON COMMIT) operation. This parameter enables you to turn the in education, TRANSACTIONAL property on greatest personal essay, or off.
For more information, see TRANSACTIONAL. Using this parameter only succeeds if there are no rows in the DML pending queue. Therefore, you may need to sync the index before issuing this command. To turn on the TRANSACTIONAL index property: To turn off the TRANSACTIONAL index property: RESUME [MEMORY memsize ] Resumes a failed index operation. You can optionally specify the resume list, amount of memory to use with memsize . Greatest Personal Strength Essay. This ALTER INDEX operation applies only to CONTEXT and CTXRULE indexes. Death Of Ivan Ilych. It does not apply to greatest personal strength, CTXCAT indexes. This ALTER INDEX operation will not be supported in future releases.
To optimize your index, use CTX_DDL.OPTIMIZE_INDEX. Optimizes the index. Specify token , fast, or full optimization. You typically optimize after you synchronize the index. When you optimize in token mode, Oracle Text optimizes only power plant, index_token . Use this method of optimization to quickly optimize index information for specific words. Essay. When you optimize in fast mode, Oracle Text works on the entire index, compacting fragmented rows. However, in fast mode, old data is not removed. When you optimize in full mode, you can optimize the whole index or a portion. This method compacts rows and removes old data (deleted rows).
Optimizing in structure a biography essay, full mode runs even when there are no deleted document rows. Greatest. This is useful when you need to optimize time-limited batches with the maxtime parameter. Use the maxtime parameter to specify in minutes the time Oracle Text is to spend on the optimization operation. Oracle Text starts the optimization where it left off and optimizes until complete or until the time limit has been reached, whichever comes first. Specifying a time limit is useful for resume list, automating index optimization, where you set Oracle Text to optimize the index for a specified time on a regular basis. When you specify maxtime unlimited , the entire index is optimized. This is the greatest personal essay, default.
When you specify 0 for maxtime , Oracle Text performs minimal optimization. Log the progress of optimization by writing periodic progress updates to the CTX_OUTPUT log. Animation Essay. An event for CTX_OUTPUT.ADD_EVENT , called CTX_OUTPUT.EVENT_OPT_PRINT_TOKEN , prints each token as it is greatest personal essay, being optimized. This ALTER INDEX operation applies only to CONTEXT and CTXRULE indexes. It does not apply to animation in education essay, CTXCAT indexes. This ALTER INDEX operation will not be supported in future releases. To synchronize your index, use CTX_DDL.SYNC_INDEX. Synchronizes the index. You can optionally specify the amount of greatest personal essay runtime memory to how to write hobbies, use with memsize . Greatest. Synchronize the index when you have DML operations on your base table.
This ALTER INDEX operation applies only to CONTEXT and CTXRULE indexes. It does not apply to CTXCAT indexes. Memory Considerations The memory parameter memsize specifies the amount of solar thesis memory Oracle Text uses for the ALTER INDEX operation before flushing the index to disk. Essay. Specifying a large amount of memory improves indexing performance because there is how to, less I/O and improves query performance and maintenance because there is less fragmentation. Specifying smaller amounts of greatest strength essay memory increases disk I/O and index fragmentation, but might be useful if you want to resume list, track indexing progress or when run-time memory is scarce. Essay. ADD STOPWORD word [language language ] Dynamically adds a stopword word to the index. Index entries for word that existed before this operation are not deleted. However, subsequent queries on word are treated as though it has always been a stopword. When your stoplist is mlive, a multi-language stoplist, you must specify language . The index is not rebuilt by this statement. ADD ZONE SECTION section_name tag tag.
Dynamically adds the zone section section_name identified by tag to the existing index. The added section section_name applies only to documents indexed after this operation. For the essay, change to take effect, you must manually re-index any existing documents that contain the tag. The index is not rebuilt by this statement. Mlive Resume Search. This ALTER INDEX operation applies only to CONTEXT and CTXRULE indexes. It does not apply to ctxcat indexes. Dynamically adds the field section section_name identified by tag to greatest personal, the existing index. Optionally specify VISIBLE to make the field sections visible. The default is INVISIBLE . CTX_DDL.ADD_FIELD_SECTION for solar plant thesis, more information on visible and invisible field sections. The added section section_name applies only to documents indexed after this operation.
For the change to affect previously indexed documents, you must explicitly re-index the greatest strength, documents that contain the tag. This statement does not rebuild the index. Animation. This ALTER INDEX operation applies only to CONTEXT CTXRULE indexes. It does not apply to personal strength essay, CTXCAT indexes. Dynamically adds an attribute section section_name to the existing index.
You must specify the XML tag and attribute in solar, the form [email protected] . You can add attribute sections only to XML section groups. The added section section_name applies only to documents indexed after this operation. Thus for the change to take effect, you must manually re-index any existing documents that contain the tag. The index is not rebuilt by this statement. This ALTER INDEX operation applies only to greatest, CONTEXT CTXRULE indexes. It does not apply to CTXCAT indexes. Solar Power Plant Thesis. Dynamically adds the stop section identified by tag to the existing index.
As stop sections apply only to greatest, automatic sectioning of how to write XML documents, the index must use the AUTO_SECTION_GROUP section group. The tag you specify must be case sensitive and essay, unique within the automatic section group or else ALTER INDEX raises an error. The added stop section tag applies only to documents indexed after this operation. For the change to plant, affect previously indexed documents, you must explicitly re-index the documents that contain the tag. Personal Strength. The text within a stop section is always searchable. The number of stop sections you can add is unlimited. The index is not rebuilt by solar power plant thesis, this statement. This ALTER INDEX operation applies only to greatest personal, CONTEXT indexes. It does not apply to CTXCAT indexes. Optionally specify with n the parallel degree for parallel indexing. This parameter is supported only when you use SYNC , REPLACE , and RESUME in paramstring . The actual degree of parallelism might be smaller depending on your resources.
Parallel indexing can speed up indexing when you have large amounts of data to index and when your operating system supports multiple CPUs. ALTER INDEX Examples. Resuming Failed Index. Mlive. The following statement resumes the indexing operation on greatest personal essay, newsindex with 2 megabytes of write memory: Rebuilding an greatest personal Index. The following statement rebuilds the index, replacing the stoplist preference with new_stop . Rebuilding a Partitioned Index.
The following example creates a partitioned text table, populates it, and creates a partitioned index. It then adds a new partition to the table and then rebuilds the index with ALTER INDEX as follows: The following statement rebuilds the index in the newly populated partition. In general, the index partition name for mlive search, a newly added partition is the same as the table partition name, unless the name has already been used. In this case, Oracle Text generates a new name. The following statement queries the table for the two hits in the newly added partition: Replacing Index Metadata: Changing Single-lexer to Multi-lexer. The following example demonstrates how an greatest personal strength essay application can migrate from mlive search single-language documents (English) to multi-language documents (English and Spanish) by replacing the index metadata for the lexer. Optimizing the Index. Greatest Personal Essay. To optimize your index, use CTX_DDL.OPTIMIZE_INDEX. Synchronizing the Index. To synchronize your index, use CTX_DDL.SYNC_INDEX.
Adding a Zone Section. Verb List. To add to greatest personal, the index the statement for the death of ivan ilych, zone section author identified by the tag author , enter the following statement: Adding a Stop Section. To add a stop section identified by greatest, tag fluff to resume verb list, the index that uses the AUTO_SECTION_GROUP , enter the following statement: Adding an Attribute Section. Assume that the following text appears in an XML document: and that you want to create a separate section for the title attribute and you want to name the personal essay, new attribute section booktitle . To do so, enter the following statement: Using Flashback Queries. If a Text query is flashed back to how to hobbies, a point before an ALTER INDEX statement was issued on the Text index for which the strength, query is being run, then: The query optimizer will not choose the index access path for that given index because the index is treated according to its creation time with ALTER INDEX . Therefore, to the query optimizer, the index is perceived not to exist. The functional processing of the Text operator will fail with ORA-01466 or ORA-08176 errors if the ALTER INDEX statement involves re-creation of DR$ index tables.
To work around this issue, use the DBMS_FLASHBACK package. For example: In previous releases, flashback Text queries using AS OF predicates with Text operators such as CONTAINS and CATSEARCH are not supported. Using DBMS_FLASHBACK Package in Oracle Database Application Developer's Guide - Fundamentals. Add Section Constraints. Before altering the index section information, Oracle Text checks the new section against the existing sections to solar power, ensure that all validity constraints are met. These constraints are the same for personal strength essay, adding a section to a section group with the CTX_DDL PL/SQL package and are as follows:
You cannot add zone, field, or stop sections to a NULL_SECTION_GROUP . You cannot add zone, field, or attribute sections to thesis for the ilych, an automatic section group. You cannot add attribute sections to anything other than XML section groups. You cannot have the same tag for greatest strength essay, two different sections. Section names for zone, field, and a biography, attribute sections cannot intersect. Greatest Personal. You cannot exceed 64 fields per section. You cannot add stop sections to how to hobbies, basic, HTML, XML, or news section groups. SENTENCE and personal strength, PARAGRAPH are reserved section names. ALTER TABLE: Supported Partitioning Statements. This section describes the ALTER TABLE statement as it pertains to solar thesis, adding and modifying a partitioned text table with a context domain index. For a complete description of the greatest strength essay, ALTER TABLE statement, see Oracle Database SQL Reference . Use ALTER TABLE to add, modify, split, merge, exchange, or drop a partitioned text table with a context domain index. The following sections describe some of the ALTER TABLE operations.
Modify Partition Syntax. Unusable Local Indexes. Marks the index partition corresponding to the given table partition UNUSABLE . You might mark an index partition unusable before you rebuild the index partition as described in Rebuild Unusable Local Indexes. If the index partition is resume list, not marked unusable, then the rebuild command returns without actually rebuilding the local index partition. Rebuild Unusable Local Indexes. Rebuilds the personal essay, index partition corresponding to thesis statement of ivan, the specified table partition that has an UNUSABLE status. If the index partition status is already VALID before you enter this command, then this command does not rebuild the index partition. Do not depend on this command to rebuild the index partition unless the index partition status is UNUSABLE . Add Partition Syntax. Adds a new partition to the high end of a range partitioned table. To add a partition to greatest personal strength, the beginning or to the middle of the table, use ALTER TABLE SPLIT PARTITION . The newly added table partition is animation, always empty, and personal essay, the context domain index (if any) status for this partition is always VALID . After doing DML, if you want to synchronize or optimize this newly added index partition, then you must look up the index partition name and resume, enter the ALTER INDEX REBUILD PARTITION statement. For this newly added partition, index partition name is usually the same as the table partition name, but if the table partition name is already used by another index partition, the system assigns a name in the form of SYS_Pn . Greatest Personal Strength. By querying the USER_IND_PARTITIONS view and comparing the resume, HIGH_VALUE field, you can determine the index partition name for the newly added partition.
Merge Partition Syntax. Applies only to a range partition. This command merges the contents of two adjacent partitions into a new partition and then drops the original two partitions. If the resulting partition is non-empty, then the corresponding local domain index partition is marked UNUSABLE . You can use ALTER TABLE MODIFY PARTITION to rebuild the greatest personal essay, partition index. For a global, non-partitioned index, if you perform the merge operation without an UPDATE GLOBAL INDEXES clause, then the resulting index (if not NULL ) will be invalid and must be rebuilt. If you specify the UPDATE GLOBAL INDEXES clause after the operation and the sync type is manual, then the essay, index will be valid, but you will still need to synchronize the index with CTX_DDL.SYNC_INDEX for the update to take place. The naming convention for the resulting index partition is the same as in ALTER TABLE ADD PARTITION . Split Partition Syntax. Applies only to range partition. This command divides a table partition into two partitions, thus adding a new partition to personal essay, the table.
The local corresponding index partitions will be marked UNUSABLE if the corresponding table partitions are non-empty. Structure Essay. Use ALTER TABLE MODIFY PARTITION to personal essay, rebuild the partition indexes. For a global, non-partitioned index, if you perform the split operation without an UPDATE GLOBAL INDEXES clause, then the resulting index (if not NULL ) will be invalid and must be rebuilt. If you specify the UPDATE GLOBAL INDEXES clause after the essay, operation and the sync type is manual, then the index will be valid, but you will still need to synchronize the personal strength, index with CTX_DDL.SYNC_INDEX for the update to take place. The naming convention for the two resulting index partition is the same as in ALTER TABLE ADD PARTITION . Exchange Partition Syntax. Converts a partition to a non-partitioned table, and converts a table to a partition of a partitioned table by solar power, exchanging their data segments.
Rowids are preserved. If EXCLUDING INDEXES is specified, all the context indexes corresponding to the partition and all the personal strength essay, indexes on the exchanged table are marked as UNUSABLE . To rebuild the new index partition in this case, enter ALTER TABLE MODIFY PARTITION . If INCLUDING INDEXES is specified, then for every local domain index on the partitioned table, there must be a non-partitioned domain index on the non-partitioned table. The local index partitions are exchanged with the corresponding regular indexes. For a global, non-partitioned index, if you perform the statement, exchange operation without an UPDATE GLOBAL INDEXES clause, then the resulting index (if not NULL ) will be invalid and greatest personal, must be rebuilt. If you specify the thesis for the death ilych, UPDATE GLOBAL INDEXES clause after the operation and the sync type is manual, then the index will be valid, but you will still need to synchronize the greatest personal strength essay, index with CTX_DDL.SYNC_INDEX for the update to take place. Mlive Search. Field section queries might not work the same if the non-partitioned index and local index use different section IDs for personal, the same field section. Storage is not changed. So if the index on the non-partitioned table $I table was in tablespace XYZ, then after the exchange partition, it will still be in tablespace XYZ, but now it is the $I table for an index partition. Storage preferences are not switched, so if you switch and then rebuild the index, then the table may be created in a different location. Both indexes must be equivalent.
They must use the same objects and in education essay, the same settings for each object. Greatest Essay. Note that Oracle Text only checks that the indexes are using the same object. But they should use the same exact everything. No index object can be partitioned, that is, when the user has used the death, storage object to partition the $I, $N tables. If either index or index partition does not meet all these restrictions an error is raised and both the index and greatest personal essay, index partition will be INVALID . The user needs to manually rebuild both index and index partition using ALTER INDEX REBUILD . Truncate Partition Syntax. Removes all rows from a partition in a table. Corresponding CONTEXT index partitions are also removed. For a global, non-partitioned index, if you perform the truncate operation without an UPDATE GLOBAL INDEXES clause, then the resulting index (if not NULL ) will be invalid and must be rebuilt. If you specify the UPDATE GLOBAL INDEXES clause after the operation, the index will be valid.
ALTER TABLE Examples. Global Index on Partitioned Table Examples. The following example creates a range-partitioned table with three partitions. Each partition is animation in education, populated with two rows. A global, non-partitioned CONTEXT index is then created. To demonstrate the UPDATE GLOBAL INDEXES clause, the greatest personal strength essay, partitions are split and merged with an index synchronization. Use the CATSEARCH operator to search CTXCAT indexes. Solar Power Plant Thesis. Use this operator in the WHERE clause of a SELECT statement. The CATSEARCH operator also supports database links. Greatest Personal Strength Essay. You can identify a remote table or materialized view by appending @dblink to the end of its name. The dblink must be a complete or partial name for a database link to the database containing the remote table or materialized view. (Indexing of remote views is not supported.) The grammar of this operator is how to, called CTXCAT . You can also use the CONTEXT grammar if your search criteria requires special functionality, such as thesaurus, fuzzy matching, proximity searching or stemming.
To utilize the CONTEXT grammar, use the greatest, Query Template Specification in the text_query parameter as described in this section. Use the how to, CATSEARCH operator with a CTXCAT index mainly to improve mixed query performance. Specify your text query condition with text_query and greatest personal strength, your structured condition with structured_query . Internally, Oracle Text uses a combined b-tree index on resume search, text and structured columns to quickly produce results satisfying the query. If the optimizer chooses to use the functional query invocation, then your query will fail. The optimizer might choose functional invocation when your structured clause is strength, highly selective. Mlive Search. The structured_query argument of the CATSEARCH operator must reference columns used during CREATE INDEX sets; otherwise, error DRG-10845 will be raised.
For example, the error will be raised if you issue a CATSEARCH query on a view created on top of a table with CTXCAT index on it, and the name of the logical column on the view is different from the actual column name on the physical table. The columns referenced by the structured_query argument of CATSEARCH operator must be the greatest strength, physical column name used during CREATE INDEX sets, not the logical column on the view. Specify the text column to be searched on. This column must have a CTXCAT index associated with it. Specify one of the following to define your search in column . How To A Biography Essay. CATSEARCH query operations. The CATSEARCH operator supports only the following query operations: The following table provides the syntax for these operators. Table 1-2 CATSEARCH Query Operators. Returns rows that contain a, b and strength essay, c. Returns rows that contain a, b, or c.
Returns rows that contain a and not b. Hyphen with no space. Hyphen treated as a regular character. For example, if the hyphen is defined as skipjoin, words such as web-site are treated as the single query term website . Likewise, if the hyphen is defined as a printjoin, words such as web-site are treated as web-site in the CTXCAT query language. Returns rows that contain the phrase a b c. Write Hobbies. For example, entering Sony CD Player means return all rows that contain this sequence of greatest personal essay words. Parentheses group operations. This query is in education, equivalent to strength essay, the CONTAINS query (A B) | C. (right and double truncated) The wildcard character matches zero or more characters. For example, do* matches dog , and gl*s matches glass . Left truncation not supported. Note: Oracle recommends that you create a prefix index if your application uses wildcard searching. Set prefix indexing with the BASIC_WORDLIST preference. The following limitations apply to these operators: The left-hand side (the column name) must be a column named in at least one of the indexes of the index set.
The left-hand side must be a plain column name. Functions and expressions are not allowed. Write Hobbies. The right-hand side must be composed of literal values. Functions, expressions, other columns, and greatest personal strength essay, subselects are not allowed. Multiple criteria can be combined with AND . Note that OR is not supported.
When querying a remote table through a database link, the database link must be specified for CATSEARCH as well as for the table being queried. For example, these expressions are supported: And these expressions are not supported: Query Template Specification. Specify a marked-up string that specifies a query template. Specify one of the a biography, following templates: Query rewrite, used to expand a query string into different versions. Progressive relaxation, used to progressively enter less restrictive versions of a query to increase recall. Alternate grammar, used to specify CONTAINS operators (See CONTEXT Query Grammar Examples) Alternate language, used to specify alternate query language. Alternate scoring, used to specify alternate scoring algorithms. The text_query parameter description for greatest essay, CONTAINS for more information about the syntax for these query templates. Specify the structured conditions and the ORDER BY clause.
There must exist an index for any column you specify. For example, if you specify 'category_id=1 order by bid_close' , you must have an verb index for greatest personal strength, 'category_id, bid_close' as specified with CTX_DDL . ADD_INDEX . With structured_query , you can use standard SQL syntax with only the following operators: AND (to combine two or more clauses) You cannot use parentheses () in the structured_query parameter. Create the Table. The following statement creates the table to be indexed. The following table inserts the values into the table: Create the CTXCAT Index. The following statements create the CTXCAT index:
Query the Table. A typical query with CATSEARCH might include a structured clause as follows to solar power plant thesis, find all rows that contain the word camera ordered by bid_close : The following query finds all rows that contain the phrase Sony CD Player and that have a bid close date of greatest essay February 20, 2000: The following query finds all rows with the terms Sony and CD and thesis, Player : The following query finds all rows with the term CD and personal, not Player : The following query finds all rows with the terms CD or DVD or Speaker : The following query finds all rows that are about audio equipment : CONTEXT Query Grammar Examples. The following examples show how to specify the CONTEXT grammar in CATSEARCH queries using the hobbies, template feature. The following example shows a field section search against greatest, a CTXCAT index using CONTEXT grammar by in education essay, means of a query template in a CATSEARCH query. Strength Essay. Use the CONTAINS operator in the WHERE clause of a biography a SELECT statement to greatest strength, specify the query expression for a Text query. The CONTAINS operator also supports database links. You can identify a remote table or materialized view by appending @dblink to the end of its name. The dblink must be a complete or partial name for a database link to the database containing the how to essay, remote table or materialized view. Greatest Personal Strength Essay. (Querying of remote views is not supported.) CONTAINS returns a relevance score for structure essay, every row selected. Obtain this score with the SCORE operator. The grammar for this operator is called the CONTEXT grammar. Greatest Strength. You can also use CTXCAT grammar if your application works better with simpler syntax.
To do so, use the Query Template Specification in the text_query parameter as described in this section. The CONTEXT Grammar topic in Oracle Text Application Developer's Guide. Specify the text column to be searched on. This column must have a Text index associated with it. Specify one of the following: The query expression that defines your search in resume verb list, column . A marked-up document that specifies a query template. Use one of the following templates: Query Rewrite Template. Use this template to automatically write different versions of a query before you submit the query to Oracle Text.
This is useful when you need to maximize the recall of greatest strength essay a user query. For example, you can program your application to expand a single phrase query of 'cat dog' into the following queries: These queries are submitted as one query and resume, results are returned with no duplication. In this example, the query returns documents that contain the phrase cat dog as well as documents in which cat is near dog , and documents that have cat and dog . This is done with the following template: The operator TRANSFORM is used to specify the greatest personal strength essay, rewrite rules and has the following syntax (note that it uses double parentheses): Table 1-3 TRANSFORM Parameters. Statement For The Death Of Ivan Ilych. Specify the type of terms to be produced from the strength, original query. Specify either TOKENS or THEMES . Specifying THEMES requires an installed knowledge base.
A knowledge base may or may not have been installed with Oracle Text. For more information, see the Oracle Text Application Developer's Guide . Specify the literal string to be prepended to resume list, all terms. Specify the literal string to be appended to all terms. Specify the literal string to connect all terms after applying prefix and suffix. Query Relaxation Template. Use this template to progressively relax your query. Progressive relaxation is when you increase recall by progressively issuing less restrictive versions of a query, so that your application can return an appropriate number of hits to personal strength essay, the user. For example, the query of black pen can be progressively relaxed to:
This is done with the following template. Alternate Grammar Template. Use this template to specify an alternate grammar, such as CONTEXT or CATSEARCH . Specifying an alternate grammar enables you to enter queries using different syntax and operators. For example, with CATSEARCH , enter ABOUT queries using the CONTEXT grammar. Verb List. Likewise with CONTAINS , enter logical queries using the simplified CATSEARCH syntax. The phrase 'dog cat mouse' is greatest strength, interpreted as a phrase in CONTAINS . However, with CATSEARCH this is power thesis, equivalent to a AND query of 'dog AND cat AND mouse' . To specify that CONTAINS use the alternate grammar, enter the following template: Alternate Language Template. Use this template to specify an greatest strength alternate language.
Alternative Scoring Template. Use this template to specify an alternative scoring algorithm. Thesis Statement Of Ivan Ilych. The following example specifies that the query use the CONTEXT grammar and return integer scores using the COUNT algorithm. This algorithm returns score as the personal strength, number of query occurrences in the document. The following example uses the normalization_expr attribute to add SDATA ( price ) into the score returned by the query, and uses it as the final score. The normalization_expr attribute is used only how to a biography, with the alternate scoring template, and is an arithmetic expression that consists of: Arithmetic operators: + - * /. The operator precedence is the same as that for SQL operator precedence. Personal Essay. Grouping operators: (). Parentheses can be used to alter the precedence of the arithmetic operators. Solar Power. Absolute function: ABS(n) returns the absolute value of n; where n is greatest strength essay, any expression that returns a number. Logarithmic function: LOG(n): returns the base-10 logarithmic value of how to structure a biography essay n ; where n is any expression that returns a number. Predefined components: The doc_score predefined component can be used to return the initial query score of a particular document.
SDATA component: SDATA (name) returns the value of the SDATA with the specified name as the score. Only SDATA with NUMBER or DATE datatype is allowed. An error is raised otherwise. Personal Strength. The sdata string and the SDATA name are case-insensitive. Mlive. Numeric literals: Any number literal that conforms to SQL's pattern of NUMBER literal and is within the strength essay, range of the how to, double precision floating point ( -3.4e38 to 3.4e38 ). Date Literals: Date literals must be enclosed with DATE (). Personal Strength. Only the following format is allowed: YYYY-MM-DD or YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS . For example: DATE(2005-11-08) .Consistent with SQL, if no time is specified, then 00:00:00 is essay, assumed. DATE Literal Restrictions. Personal Essay. Only the minus ( - ) operator is allowed between date-type data ( DATE literals and mlive search, date-type SDATA ). Using other operators will result in an error. Personal Essay. Subtracting two date-type data will produce a number (float) that represents the difference in animation in education, number of days between the greatest strength, two dates.
For example, the following expression is allowed: and the following expression is not allowed: The plus ( + ) and minus ( - ) operators are allowed between numeric data and date type of data. The number operand is interpreted as the number or fraction of day(s). For example, the following expression is allowed: and the following expression is not allowed: Template Attribute Values. Animation In Education. Table 1-4 gives the possible values for template attributes: Table 1-4 Template Attribute Values.
Specify the grammar of the query. Specify the greatest strength, type of a biography number returned as score. Greatest. Returns score as integer between 0 and 100. Returns score as its high precision floating point number between 0 and 100. Specify the scoring algorithm to use. Returns scores as the number of structure occurrences in document. Specify the language name. Template Grammar Definition. The query template interface is an XML document. Personal Strength Essay. Its grammar is defined with the a biography, following XML DTD: All tags and attributes values are case-sensitive. Chapter 3, Oracle Text CONTAINS Query Operators for more information about the operators in personal strength essay, query expressions.
Optionally, specify the label that identifies the score generated by the CONTAINS operator. For each row selected, CONTAINS returns a number between 0 and structure a biography, 100 that indicates how relevant the document row is to the query. The number 0 means that Oracle Text found no matches in the row. You must use the SCORE operator with a label to obtain this number. The following example searches for all documents in greatest, the in the text column that contain the word oracle . The score for each row is selected with the SCORE operator using a label of 1: The CONTAINS operator must be followed by an expression such as 0, which specifies that the score value calculated must be greater than zero for the row to be selected. When the SCORE operator is called (for example, in a SELECT clause), the how to hobbies, CONTAINS clause must reference the score label value as in greatest essay, the following example: The following example specifies that the query be parsed using the CATSEARCH grammar: Grammar Template Example. The following example shows how to use the CTXCAT grammar in a CONTAINS query. The example creates a CTXCAT and a CONTEXT index on the same table, and compares the query results: Alternate Scoring Query Template Example. Animation Essay. The following query template adds price SDATA section (or SDATA filter-by column) value into the score returned by the query and uses it as the final score. Query Relaxation Template Example.
The following query template defines a query relaxation sequence. Personal Strength Essay. The query of black pen is solar thesis, entered in sequence as black pen then black NEAR pen then black AND pen then black ACCUM pen . Query hits are returned in this sequence with no duplication as long as the application needs results. Greatest Personal. Query relaxation is most effective when your application needs the top n hits to a query, which you can obtain with the FIRST_ROWS hint or in how to structure essay, a PL/SQL cursor. Query Rewrite Example. The following template defines a query rewrite sequence. The query of kukui nut is greatest strength essay, rewritten as follows: Querying Multi-Language Tables. How To Hobbies. With the multi-lexer preference, you can create indexes from personal strength multi-language tables. At query time, the multi-lexer examines the search, session's language setting and uses the sub-lexer preference for personal strength essay, that language to search, parse the query.
If the language setting is not mapped, then the default lexer is used. When the language setting is mapped, the greatest strength, query is parsed and run as usual. The index contains tokens from multiple languages, so such a query can return documents in several languages. To limit your query to returning document of solar power a given language, use a structured clause on the language column. Query Performance Limitation with a Partitioned Index. Oracle Text supports the personal essay, CONTEXT indexing and querying of a partitioned text table. However, for optimal performance when querying a partitioned table with an ORDER BY SCORE clause, query the partition.
If you query the entire table and use an ORDER BY SCORE clause, the thesis, query might not perform optimally unless you include a range predicate that can limit the query to personal essay, a single partition. For example, the following statement queries the partition p_tab4 partition directly: SCORE in this chapter. This section describes the CREATE INDEX statement as it pertains to creating an Oracle Text domain index and composite domain index. Oracle Database SQL Reference for a complete description of the thesis statement for the of ivan, CREATE INDEX statement. Use CREATE INDEX to create an Oracle Text index. Essay. An Oracle Text index is an Oracle Database domain index or composite domain index of type CONTEXT , CTXCAT, CTXRULE, or CTXXPATH . A domain index is an application-specific index. A composite domain index (CDI) is an Oracle Text index that not only indexes and processes a specified text column, but also indexes and processes FILTER BY and ORDER BY structured columns, which are specified during index creation.
You must create an appropriate Oracle Text index to how to structure a biography essay, enter CONTAINS , CATSEARCH , or MATCHES queries. You cannot create an Oracle Text index on an index-organized table . Personal Strength Essay. You can create the following types of Oracle Text indexes: A CONTEXT index is the basic type of Oracle Text index. This is an death index on a text column. A CONTEXT index is useful when your source text consists of many large, coherent documents. Greatest Essay. Query this index with the CONTAINS operator in the WHERE clause of a SELECT statement. This index requires manual synchronization after DML.
See Syntax for solar plant thesis, CONTEXT Index Type. The CTXCAT type of index is a combined index on a text column and one or more other columns. CTXCAT is typically used to personal strength essay, index small documents or text fragments, such as item names, prices and descriptions found in catalogs. Query this index with the power thesis, CATSEARCH operator in the WHERE clause of a SELECT statement. Essay. This type of index is optimized for mixed queries. This index is transactional, automatically updating itself with DML to the base table. How To Structure. See Syntax for greatest, CTXCAT Index Type. A CTXRULE index is used to build a document classification application. The CTXRULE index is an index created on a table of queries or a column containing a set of queries, where the mlive search, queries serve as rules to define the classification criteria. Greatest Personal Strength. Query this index with the MATCHES operator in the WHERE clause of a SELECT statement.
See Syntax for CTXRULE Index Type. Create this index when you need to speed up existsNode() queries on an XMLType column. See Syntax for CTXXPATH Index Type. You do not need the CTXAPP role to create an Oracle Text index. If you have Oracle Database grants to how to a biography, create a b-tree index on the text column, you have sufficient permission to create a text index. The issuing owner, table owner, and index owner can all be different users, which is consistent with Oracle standards for creating regular B-tree indexes. Syntax for greatest, CONTEXT Index Type.
Use a CONTEXT index to statement of ivan, create an greatest strength index on a text column. Query this index with the CONTAINS operator in write hobbies, the WHERE clause of a SELECT statement. This index requires manual synchronization after DML. Specify the name of the Text index to create. [ schema .] table ( txt_column ) Specify the name of the table and column to index. txt_column is the name of the greatest personal strength, domain index column on write hobbies, which the CONTAINS() operator will be invoked. Your table can optionally contain a primary key if you prefer to identify your rows as such when you use procedures in CTX_DOC . Greatest Essay. When your table has no primary key, document services identifies your documents by search, ROWID . The column that you specify must be one of the following types: CHAR , VARCHAR , VARCHAR2 , BLOB , CLOB , BFILE , XMLType , or URIType . The table that you specify can be a partitioned table. If you do not specify the greatest personal essay, LOCAL clause, then a global, non-partitioned index is created. DATE , NUMBER , and animation, nested table columns cannot be indexed. Object columns also cannot be indexed, but their attributes can be indexed, provided that they are atomic data types.
Attempting to create an index on a Virtual Private Database (VPD) protected table will fail unless one of the following criteria is greatest personal strength essay, true: The VPD policy is created such that it does not apply to INDEX statement type. Mlive Resume. The policy function returns a NULL predicate for the current user. The user (or index owner) is SYS . The user has the personal essay, EXEMPT ACCESS POLICY privilege. How To Structure Essay. Indexes on multiple columns are not supported with the personal essay, CONTEXT index type. You must specify only one column in the column list. Thesis For The. With the CTXCAT index type, you can create indexes on text and structured columns.
See Syntax for strength essay, CTXCAT Index Type in this chapter. Creates the index while enabling DML inserts/updates/deletes on the base table. During indexing, Oracle Text enqueues DML requests in a pending queue. At the end of the index creation, Oracle Text locks the base table. During this time DML is blocked. You must synchronize the index in order for DML changes to be available. The following limitations apply to using ONLINE : At the very beginning or very end of the ONLINE process, DML might fail. ONLINE is supported for CONTEXT indexes only. FILTER BY filter_column. This is the thesis death of ivan ilych, structured indexed column on which a range or equality predicate in the WHERE clause of a mixed query will operate.
You can specify one or more structured columns for filter_column , on which the relational predicates are expected to be specified along with the CONTAINS() predicate in a query. The cost-based optimizer (CBO) will consider pushing down the structured predicates on these FILTER BY columns with the following relational operators: , = , = , = , , between , and LIKE (for VARCHAR2 ). These columns can only greatest personal essay, be of CHAR , NUMBER , DATE , VARCHAR2 , or RAW type. Additionally, VARCHAR2 and RAW types are only supported if the maximum length is specified and for the of ivan, is limited to no more than 249 . ADT attributes of supported types ( CHAR , NUMBER , DATE , VARCHAR2 , or RAW ) are also allowed. An error is greatest personal strength essay, raised for all other datatypes. Expressions, for example, func(cola) , are not allowed. txt_column is allowed in the FILTER BY column list. DML operations on FILTER BY columns are always transactional. ORDER BY oby_column. This is the structured indexed column on structure, which a structured ORDER BY mixed query will be based. A list of greatest essay structured oby_columns can be specified in the ORDER BY clause of a CONTAINS() query.
These columns can only be of how to structure essay CHAR , NUMBER , DATE , VARCHAR2 , or RAW type. Additionally, VARCHAR2 and RAW types are only supported if the strength essay, maximum length is specified and is limited to no more than 249 . Mlive Resume Search. The order of the personal, specified columns matters. The cost based optimizer will consider pushing the mlive resume, sort into the composite domain index only personal, if the mlive resume search, ORDER BY clause in personal strength essay, the text query contains: entire ordered ORDER BY columns declared by the ORDER BY clause during CREATE INDEX , The cost based optimizer (CBO) will consider pushing the sort into the composite domain index (CDI) only if the ORDER BY clause in the text query contains: entire ordered ORDER BY columns declared by the ORDER BY clause during CREATE INDEX , score followed by plant, the prefix of the ordered ORDER BY columns declared by the ORDER BY clause during CREATE INDEX , or. score following the prefix of the ordered ORDER BY columns declared by the ORDER BY clause during CREATE INDEX . CBO will consider pushing the sort into greatest personal the CDI only if the animation, ORDER BY clause in the text query contains: entire ordered ORDER BY columns declared by the ORDER BY clause during CREATE INDEX, only the prefix of the ordered ORDER BY columns declared by the ORDER BY clause during CREATE INDEX, score followed by greatest personal essay, the prefix of the ordered ORDER BY columns declared by the ORDER BY clause during CREATE INDEX, or score following the list, prefix of the ordered ORDER BY columns declared by the ORDER BY clause during CREATE INDEX. The following example illustrates CBO behavior with regard to ORDER BY columns: Consider the following query: If you set NLS_SORT or NLS_COMP parameters (that is, alter session set NLS_SORT = some lang; ), then CBO will not push the Sort or related structured predicate into the CDI. This behavior is consistent with regular btree indexes. CBO will consider pushing the greatest strength essay, sort into CDI if col_list has the following values: CBO will NOT consider to animation, push the strength essay, sort into CDI if col_list has the following values: score followed by structure, the prefix of the ordered ORDER BY columns declared by the ORDER BY clause during CREATE INDEX , or score following the prefix of the greatest essay, ordered ORDER BY columns declared by the ORDER BY clause during CREATE INDEX . Expressions, for resume verb, example, func(cola) , are not allowed. txt_column appearing in greatest personal strength essay, the ORDER BY column list is allowed.
DML operations on ORDER BY columns are always transactional. How To. The following limitations apply to FILTER BY and ORDER BY : A structured column is personal strength, allowed in FILTER BY and ORDER BY clauses. However, a column that is mapped to resume search, MDATA in a FILTER BY clause cannot also appear in greatest strength, the ORDER BY clause. An error will be raised in this case. The maximum length for CHAR , VARCHAR2 and RAW columns cannot be greater than 249. Additionally, if the VARCHAR2 or RAW column is mapped to statement death of ivan ilych, an MDATA column, then the specified maximum length cannot exceed 64 and 32 bytes, respectively. (Note that MDATA does not support CHAR datatypes.
If a FILTER BY column of CHAR datatype is greatest strength, mapped to an MDATA section, then an error will be raised during CREATE INDEX .) The sum of number of FILTER BY and ORDER BY columns cannot be greater than 32. As with concatenated btree indexes or bitmap indexes, performance degradation may occur in DML as the number of FILTER BY and essay, ORDER BY columns increases. Greatest. Mapping a FILTER BY column to structure a biography essay, MDATA is not recommended if the FILTER BY column contains sequential values or has very high cardinality. Doing so can result in very long and narrow $I table and reduced $X performance. An example is a column of type DATE . For columns of this type, mapping to SDATA is recommended. Strength. An index table with the name DR$ indextable $S is created to store FILTER BY and ORDER BY columns that are mapped to resume list, SDATA sections.
If nothing is mapped to an SDATA section, then the $S table will not be created. Personal Strength. $S table contains the following columns: SDATA_ID number is the internal SDATA section id. How To A Biography Essay. SDATA_LAST number , the last docid, which is analogous to token_last . SDATA_DATA RAW (2000) , the personal strength, compressed SDATA values. Note that if $S is created on a tablespace with 4K db block size, then it will be defined as RAW (1500) . Restriction: For performance reasons, $S table must be created on a tablespace with db block size = 4K without overflow segment and without PCTTHRESHOLD clause. If $S is resume search, created on a tablespace with db block size 4K, or is strength essay, created with an resume search overflow segment or with PCTTHRESHOLD clause, then appropriate errors will be raised during CREATE INDEX . Restriction on Exporting and Importing text tables with Composite Domain Index created with FILTER BY and/or ORDER BY clauses: Regular exp and imp will not support exporting and greatest personal strength, importing of Composite Domain Index. Doing so will lead to the following error: EXP-00113: Feature Composite Domain Index is unsupported . To export a text table with Composite Domain Index, you must use Data Pump Export and Import utilities (invoked with the expdp and impdp commands, respectively), or DBMS_DATAPUMP PL/SQL package. Limitations of using ALTER INDEX and ALTER TABLE with FILTER BY and ORDER BY columns of the Composite Domain Index, which are imposed by Extensible Indexing Framework in Oracle Database: (These limitations are imposed by Extensible Indexing Framework in Oracle Database.) Using ALTER INDEX to add or drop FILTER BY and ORDER BY columns is currently not supported. Solar. You must re-create the index to personal strength, add or drop FILTER BY or ORDER BY columns. To use ALTER TABLE MODIFY COLUMN to modify the datatype of death of ivan a column that has the composite domain index built on it, you must first drop the greatest strength essay, composite domain index before modifying the column. How To Structure Essay. To use ALTER TABLE DROP COLUMN to drop a column that is greatest, part of the composite domain index, you must first drop the composite domain index before dropping the index column. The following limitations apply to FILTER BY and ORDER BY when used with PL/SQL packages: Mapping FILTER BY columns to sections is optional. How To Structure. If section mapping does not exist for a FILTER BY column, then it is mapped to an SDATA section by default.
The section name assumes the greatest, name of the thesis for the of ivan, FILTER BY column. If a section group is greatest personal essay, not specified during CREATE INDEX of a composite domain index, then system default section group settings are used. How To A Biography. An SDATA section is created for strength, each of the FILTER BY and ORDER BY columns. Since section name does not allow certain special characters and is case insensitive, if the column name is case sensitive or contains special characters, then an error will be raised. Mlive. To work around this problem, you need to essay, map the column to an MDATA or SDATA section before creating the index. Resume. See CTX_DDL.ADD_MDATA_COLUMN or CTX_DDL.ADD_SDATA_COLUMN. An error is raised if a column that is mapped to MDATA also appears in the ORDER BY column clause. Column section names are unique to greatest essay, their section group. That is, you cannot have an verb list MDATA column section named FOO if you already have an MDATA column section named FOO . Nor can you have a field section named FOO if you already have an SDATA column section named FOO . This is true whether it is implicitly created (by CREATE INDEX for FILTER BY or ORDER BY clauses) or explicitly created (by CTX_DDL.ADD_SDATA_COLUMN ). One section name can only be mapped to one FILTER BY column, and vice versa. Mapping a section to more than one column, or mapping a column to more than one section is not allowed. Column sections can be added to any type of section group, including the NULL section group.
If a section group with sections added by CTX_DDL.ADD_MDATA_COLUMN or CTX_DDL.ADD_SDATA_COLUMN is specified for a CREATE INDEX statement without a FILTER BY clause, then the mapped column sections will be ignored. However, the index will still get created without those column sections. Greatest Personal. The same is true for a FILTER BY clause that does not contain mapped column(s) in the specified section group. Plant. Specify LOCAL to create a local partitioned context index on a partitioned table. The partitioned table must be partitioned by range. Greatest Essay. Hash, composite and list partitions are not supported. You can specify the list of index partition names with partition_name . If you do not specify a partition name, then the resume search, system assigns one. Personal Strength. The order of the index partition list must correspond to the table partition by order. The PARAMETERS clause associated with each partition specifies the thesis statement for the of ivan, parameters string specific to that partition. You can only greatest personal strength, specify sync (manual|every |on commit) , memory and storage for each index partition.
The PARAMETERS clause also supports POPULATE and NOPOPULATE . Resume Verb. See POPULATE | NOPOPULATE. Query the viewsCTX_INDEX_PARTITIONSorCTX_USER_INDEX_PARTITIONSto find out index partition information, such as index partition name, and index partition status. Query Performance Limitation with Partitioned Index. For optimal performance when querying a partitioned index with an ORDER BY SCORE clause, query the partition. If you query the entire table and strength, use an ORDER BY SCORE clause, the query might not perform optimally unless you include a range predicate that can limit the animation in education essay, query to the fewest number of partitions, which is optimally a single partition. Optionally specify with n the parallel degree for parallel indexing. The actual degree of parallelism might be smaller depending on your resources. You can use this parameter on non-partitioned tables. However, creating a non-partitioned index in parallel does not turn on greatest strength, parallel query processing. Parallel indexing is supported for creating a local partitioned index.
Parallel indexing can speed up indexing when you have large amounts of data to index and when your operating system supports multiple CPUs. A Biography Essay. Using PARALLEL to create a local partitioned index enables parallel queries. Essay. (Creating a non-partitioned index in parallel does not turn on parallel query processing.) Parallel querying degrades query throughput especially on heavily loaded systems. Because of this, Oracle recommends that you disable parallel querying after creating a local index. To do so, use ALTER INDEX NOPARALLEL . For more information on parallel querying, see the Performance Tuning chapter in Oracle Text Application Developer's Guide. The following limitations apply to using PARALLEL : Parallel indexing is how to, supported only for CONTEXT index type. Create an personal essay unusable index. This creates index metadata only and exits immediately.
You might create an unusable index when you need to create a local partitioned index in parallel. How To Write Hobbies. Optionally specify indexing parameters in paramstring . Essay. You can specify preferences owned by another user using the mlive search, user.preference notation. The syntax for paramstring is personal, as follows: Create datastore, filter, lexer, wordlist, and storage preferences with CTX_DDL.CREATE_PREFERENCE and then specify them in the paramstring. When you specify no paramstring, Oracle Text uses the system defaults. For more information about statement for the of ivan these defaults, see Default Index Parameters in Chapter 2. Specify the name of essay your datastore preference. Use the datastore preference to specify where your text is stored.See Datastore Types in Chapter 2, Oracle Text Indexing Elements. Specify the name of your filter preference. Use the filter preference to specify how to thesis statement, filter formatted documents to greatest personal strength, plain text or HTML. See Filter Types in Chapter 2, Oracle Text Indexing Elements. CHARSET COLUMN charset_column_name. Specify the name of the character set column.
This column must be in the same table as the text column, and mlive search, it must be of type CHAR , VARCHAR , or VARCHAR2 . Use this column to specify the document character set for conversion to greatest, the database character set. In Education Essay. The value is case insensitive. You must specify a globalization support character set string, such as JA16EUC. When the document is plain text or HTML, the personal strength essay, AUTO_FILTER and how to a biography essay, CHARSET filter use this column to convert the document character set to the database character set for indexing. Use this column when you have plain text or HTML documents with different character sets or in personal strength essay, a character set different from the database character set. NLS_LENGTH_SEMANTICS = CHAR is not supported at the database level. This parameter is resume search, supported for personal, the following columns: The CHARSET COLUMN , for example: Creating an mlive search index on a VARCHAR2 and CHAR column. Using a VARCHAR2 and greatest personal strength, CHAR column for FILTER BY and ORDER BY clause of CREATE INDEX. How To Hobbies. Documents are not marked for re-indexing when only the charset column changes. The indexed column must be updated to personal strength essay, flag the re-index. The NLS_LENGTH_SEMANTICS = CHAR parameter is supported at column level only, and is not supported at the database level, as described in this section.
Specify the name of the how to write, format column. The format column must be in personal essay, the same table as the text column and it must be CHAR , VARCHAR , or VARCHAR2 type. FORMAT COLUMN determines how a document is resume verb, filtered, or, in the case of the IGNORE value, if it is to be indexed. The AUTO_FILTER uses the format column when filtering documents. Greatest Personal Strength Essay. Use this column with heterogeneous document sets to optionally bypass filtering for plain text or HTML documents. In the format column, you can specify one of the solar thesis, following options: TEXT indicates that the document is greatest, either plain text or HTML.
When TEXT is specified, the document is how to structure essay, not filtered, but may have the character set converted. Strength. BINARY indicates that the document is a format supported by the AUTO_FILTER object other than plain text or HTML, for example PDF. BINARY is the default, if the format column entry cannot be mapped. IGNORE indicates that the row is to be ignored during indexing. Use this value when you need to bypass rows that contain data incompatible with text indexing such as image data, or rows in languages that you do not want to process. The difference between documents with TEXT and IGNORE format column types is that the former are indexed but ignored by the filter, while the latter are not indexed at all. Thus, IGNORE can be used with any filter type. Documents are not marked for animation in education, re-indexing when only the format column changes. The indexed column must be updated to greatest personal essay, flag the re-index. Specify the name of your lexer or multi-lexer preference.
Use the lexer preference to identify the language of solar power your text and how text is tokenized for indexing. See Lexer Types in Chapter 2, Oracle Text Indexing Elements. LANGUAGE COLUMN language_column_name. Specify the greatest personal essay, name of the resume verb list, language column when using a multi-lexer preference. Greatest Personal Strength Essay. See MULTI_LEXER in Chapter 2, Oracle Text Indexing Elements. This column must exist in the base table. It cannot be the same column as the indexed column. Only the first 30 bytes of the language column is examined for language identification. Documents are not marked for re-indexing when only the language column changes. The indexed column must be updated to flag the re-index. Specify the name of resume your wordlist preference.
Use the wordlist preference to enable features such as fuzzy, stemming, and personal, prefix indexing for better wildcard searching. See Wordlist Type in Chapter 2, Oracle Text Indexing Elements. Write. Specify the name of greatest personal strength your storage preference for the Text index. Use the storage preference to write, specify how the index tables are stored. See Storage Types in Chapter 2, Oracle Text Indexing Elements. Specify the name of your stoplist. Use stoplist to identify words that are not to be indexed. See CTX_DDL.CREATE_STOPLIST in greatest personal essay, Chapter 7, CTX_DDL Package.
SECTION GROUP section_group. Specify the name of your section group. Use section groups to create searchable sections in mlive resume search, structured documents. Personal. See CTX_DDL.CREATE_SECTION_GROUP in how to, Chapter 7, CTX_DDL Package. Specify the amount of run-time memory to use for indexing. The syntax for memsize is as follows: where K stands for kilobytes., M stands for megabytes, and G stands for essay, gigabytes. The value you specify for memsize must be between 1M and the value of MAX_INDEX_MEMORY in the CTX_PARAMETERS view.
To specify a memory size larger than the MAX_INDEX_MEMORY , you must reset this parameter with CTX_ADM.SET_PARAMETER to be larger than or equal to memsize . The default is the value specified for DEFAULT_INDEX_MEMORY in CTX_PARAMETERS . The memsize parameter specifies the amount of memory Oracle Text uses for indexing before flushing the index to disk. Specifying a large amount memory improves indexing performance because there are fewer I/O operations and improves query performance and maintenance, because there is less fragmentation. Specifying smaller amounts of memory increases disk I/O and index fragmentation, but might be useful when run-time memory is scarce. Specify NOPOPULATE to create an empty index. The default is POPULATE . POPULATE | NOPOPULATE is the only option whose default value cannot be set with CTX_ADM.SET_PARAMETER. This option is not valid with CTXXPATH indexes. Empty indexes are populated by updates or inserts to a biography, the base table. You might create an empty index when you need to create your index incrementally or to selectively index documents in personal strength essay, the base table.
You might also create an empty index when you require only theme and Gist output from a document set. SYNC (MANUAL | EVERY interval-string | ON COMMIT) Specify SYNC for for the death of ivan, automatic synchronization of the CONTEXT index when there are inserts, updates or deletes to the base table. Greatest Personal. You can specify one of the following SYNC methods: Table 1-5 SYNC Types. No automatic synchronization. This is the default. You must manually synchronize the index with CTX_DDL.SYNC_INDEX . Automatically synchronize the index at a regular interval specified by how to structure essay, the value of interval-string . interval-string takes the same syntax as that for scheduler jobs.
Automatic synchronization using EVERY requires that the index creator have CREATE JOB privileges. Make sure that interval-string is set to greatest personal strength essay, a long enough period that any previous sync jobs will have completed; otherwise, the sync job may hang. interval-string must be enclosed in double quotes, and thesis for the death of ivan ilych, any single quote within interval-string must be escaped with another single quote. Greatest Essay. Synchronize the index immediately after a commit. The commit does not return until the sync is complete. (Because the synchronization is performed as a separate transaction, there may be a period, usually small, when the data is how to write, committed but index changes are not.) The operation uses the memory specified with the memory parameter. Essay. Note that the sync operation has its own transaction context. If this operation fails, the data transaction still commits.
Index synchronization errors are logged in the CTX_USER_INDEX_ERRORS view. List. See Viewing Index Errors under CREATE INDEX . Each partition of greatest personal strength essay a locally partitioned index can have its own type of sync ( ON COMMIT , EVERY , or MANUAL ). The type of sync specified in how to a biography, master parameter strings applies to all index partitions unless a partition specifies its own type. With automatic ( EVERY ) synchronization, users can specify memory size and personal essay, parallel synchronization. That syntax is: ON COMMIT synchronizations can only be run serially and must use the same memory size that was specified at index creation. Specify that documents can be searched immediately after they are inserted or updated. In Education Essay. If a text index is greatest strength, created with TRANSACTIONAL enabled, then, in addition to processing the synchronized rowids already in the index, the CONTAINS operator will process unsynchronized rowids as well. Oracle Text does in-memory indexing of unsynchronized rowids and processes the query against thesis statement death of ivan, the in-memory index.
TRANSACTIONAL is an index-level parameter and does not apply at personal strength essay the partition level. You must still synchronize your text indexes from in education essay time to time (with CTX_DDL.SYNC_INDEX ) to bring pending rowids into the index. Query performance degrades as the number of unsynchronized rowids increases. For that reason, Oracle recommends setting up your index to use automatic synchronization with the EVERY parameter. Personal Essay. (See SYNC (MANUAL | EVERY interval-string | ON COMMIT).) Transactional querying for indexes that have been created with the TRANSACTIONAL parameter can be turned on and off (for the duration of a user session) with the PL/SQL variable CTX_QUERY.disable_transactional_query . This is useful, for thesis statement for the ilych, example, if you find that querying is slow due to greatest personal, the presence of too many pending rowids. In Education. Here is an example of greatest strength essay setting this session variable: If the index uses AUTO_FILTER , queries involving unsynchronized rowids will require filtering of unsynchronized documents. CREATE INDEX: CONTEXT Index Examples.
The following sections give examples of creating a CONTEXT index. How To. Creating CONTEXT Index Using Default Preferences. Greatest Strength Essay. The following example creates a CONTEXT index called myindex on the docs column in mlive, mytable . Default preferences are used. For more information about default settings, see Default Index Parameters in Chapter 2. Creating CONTEXT Index with Custom Preferences. The following example creates a CONTEXT index called myindex on greatest personal essay, the docs column in mytable . Write Hobbies. The index is created with a custom lexer preference called my_lexer and a custom stoplist called my_stop . This example also assumes that the preference and stoplist were previously created with CTX_DDL.CREATE_PREFERENCE for my_lexer , and CTX_DDL.CREATE_STOPLIST for my_stop . Default preferences are used for the unspecified preferences. Any user can use any preference.
To specify preferences that exist in another user's schema, add the user name to the preference name. The following example assumes that the preferences my_lexer and my_stop exist in the schema that belongs to user kenny : Enabling Automatic Index Synchronization. You can create your index and specify that the index be synchronized at regular intervals for inserts, updates and personal strength, deletes to the base table. To do so, create the index with the SYNC ( EVERY interval-string ) parameter. To use job scheduling, you must log in as a user who has DBA privileges and then grant CREATE JOB privileges. The following example creates an index and schedules three synchronization jobs for animation in education, three index partitions. The first partition uses ON COMMIT synchronization. Greatest Personal Essay. The other two partitions are synchronized by animation, jobs that are scheduled to be executed every Monday at 3 P.M.
See the Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for information on greatest personal, job scheduling syntax. Creating CONTEXT Index with Multi-Lexer Preference. The multi-lexer decides which lexer to use for each row based on a language column. This is a character column in the table which stores the language of the thesis death of ivan, document in the text column. For example, create the table globaldoc to hold documents of greatest personal strength different languages: Assume that global_lexer is a multi-lexer preference you created.
To index the global_doc table, specify the multi-lexer preference and the name of the language column as follows: For more information about creating multi-lexer preferences, see MULTI_LEXER in Chapter 2. Creating a Local Partitioned Index. The following example creates a text table that is partitioned into three, populates it, and then creates a partitioned index. The limit for the number of partitions in Oracle Text is the same as the maximum number of partitions per table in Oracle Database. Using FILTER BY and ORDER BY Clauses.
The following example creates an index on table docs and animation essay, orders the documents by author's publishing date. Strength Essay. First, create the table: Create the write hobbies, index with FILTER BY and ORDER BY clauses: Parallel indexing can improve index performance when you have multiple CPUs. To create an index in parallel, use the PARALLEL clause with a parallel degree. Greatest Personal Essay. This example uses a parallel degree of 3: Creating a Local Partitioned Index in Parallel. Creating a local partitioned index in solar power thesis, parallel can improve performance when you have multiple CPUs. With partitioned tables, you can divide the greatest strength, work. You can create a local partitioned index in parallel in two ways: Use the thesis, PARALLEL clause with the LOCAL clause in CREATE INDEX. In this case, the maximum parallel degree is limited to the number of partitions you have. See Parallelism with CREATE INDEX. Create an unusable index first, then run the DBMS_PCLXUTIL.BUILD_PART_INDEX utility. This method can result in a higher degree of parallelism, especially if you have more CPUs than partitions.
See Parallelism with DBMS_PCLUTIL.BUILD_PART_INDEX. If you attempt to create a local partitioned index in parallel, and the attempt fails, you may see the following error message: To determine the specific reason why the index creation failed, query the CTX_USER_INDEX_ERRORS view. Parallelism with CREATE INDEX. You can achieve local index parallelism by greatest strength essay, using the PARALLEL and LOCAL clauses in CREATE INDEX. In this case, the maximum parallel degree is limited to the number of partitions that you have. The following example creates a table with three partitions, populates them, and then creates the local indexes in resume verb, parallel with a degree of 2: Parallelism with DBMS_PCLUTIL.BUILD_PART_INDEX. Personal Strength. You can achieve local index parallelism by first creating an unusable CONTEXT index, and then running the DBMS_PCLUTIL.BUILD_PART_INDEX utility.
This method can result in a higher degree of list parallelism, especially when you have more CPUs than partitions. In this example, the personal, base table has three partitions. We create a local partitioned unusable index first, then run DBMS_PCLUTIL.BUILD_PART_INDEX , which builds the 3 partitions in how to structure a biography, parallel (referred to as inter-partition parallelism). Greatest Personal Strength Essay. Also, inside each partition, index creation proceeds in parallel (called intra-partition parallelism) with a parallel degree of 2. Therefore, the total parallel degree is 6 (3 times 2). How To Structure A Biography. Viewing Index Errors. After a CREATE INDEX or ALTER INDEX operation, you can view index errors with Oracle Text views.
To view errors on your indexes, query the CTX_USER_INDEX_ERRORS view. To view errors on all indexes as CTXSYS , query the CTX_INDEX_ERRORS view. For example, to personal essay, view the most recent errors on your indexes, enter the solar plant, following statements: Deleting Index Errors. To clear the index error view, enter the following statement: Syntax for CTXCAT Index Type. The CTXCAT index is a combined index on a text column and greatest strength, one or more other columns. Query this index with the CATSEARCH operator in the WHERE clause of a SELECT statement.
This type of index is optimized for mixed queries. How To Write. This index is personal, transactional, automatically updating itself with DML to the base table. [ schema .] table ( column ) Specify the name of the table and column to index. The column that you specify when you create a CTXCAT index must be of type CHAR or VARCHAR2 . Mlive Search. No other types are supported for essay, CTXCAT . Resume. Attempting to create an index on a Virtual Private Database (VPD) protected table will fail unless one of the following options is true: The VPD policy is created such that it does not apply to INDEX statement type, which is the default. The policy function returns a null predicate for the current user. The user (index owner) is SYS . The user has the EXEMPT ACCESS POLICY privilege.
Supported CTXCAT Preferences. index set index_set. Specify the index set preference to create the CTXCAT index. Index set preferences name the columns that make up your sub-indexes. Any column that is named in an index set column list cannot have a NULL value in any row of the greatest personal strength, base table, or else you get an how to structure a biography essay error. Always ensure that your columns have non-NULL values before and after indexing. Index Performance and Size Considerations. Although a CTXCAT index offers query performance benefits, creating this type of index has its costs. The time that it takes Oracle Text to create a CTXCAT index depends on greatest personal, the total size of the index. The total size of a CTXCAT index is directly related to: Total text to be indexed. Number of essay component indexes in greatest personal strength, the index set. Number of columns in the base table that make up the solar plant, component indexes.
Having many component indexes in your index set also degrades DML performance because more indexes must be updated. Because of these added costs in strength essay, creating a CTXCAT index, you should carefully consider the query performance benefit that each component index gives your application before adding it to power, your index set. Oracle Text Application Developer's Guide for more information about creating CTXCAT indexes and the benefits. When you create an index of type CTXCAT , you can use the supported index preferences listed in Table 1-6 in the parameters string. Table 1-6 Supported CTXCAT Index Preferences. This preference class is not supported for CTXCAT . This preference class is not supported for CTXCAT . BASIC_LEXER ( index_themes attribute not supported)
Supports single language stoplists only ( BASIC_STOPLIST type). Only Field Section is supported for CTXCAT . Unsupported Preferences and greatest personal essay, Parameters. Resume Verb List. When you create a CTXCAT index, you cannot specify datastore and filter preferences. For section group preferences, only the field section preference is supported. You also cannot specify language, format, or charset columns as with a CONTEXT index. Creating a CTXCAT Index. This section gives a brief example for creating a CTXCAT index. Greatest. For a more complete example, see the Oracle Text Application Developer's Guide . Consider a table called AUCTION with the following schema: Assume that queries on animation in education essay, the table involve a mandatory text query clause and optional structured conditions on strength, price . Results must be sorted based on animation essay, bid_close . This means that we need an index to support good response time for the structured and sorting criteria. You can create a catalog index to personal, support the different types of structured queries a user might enter.
For structured queries, a CTXCAT index improves query performance over a context index. To create the a biography, indexes, first create the index set preference, then add the required indexes to it: Create the greatest personal strength, CTXCAT index with CREATE INDEX as follows: Querying a CTXCAT Index. To query the title column for the word pokemon , enter regular and mixed queries as follows: Syntax for CTXRULE Index Type. CTXRULE is an index on resume list, a column containing a set of queries. Query this index with the MATCHES operator in the WHERE clause of a SELECT statement. [ schema .] table ( column ) Specify the name of the table and rule column to index. The rules can be query compatible strings, query template strings, or binary support vector machine rules. The column you specify when you create a CTXRULE index must be VARCHAR2 , CLOB or BLOB . No other types are supported for CTXRULE . Attempting to create an index on a Virtual Private Database (VPD) protected table will fail unless one of the following is true: The VPD policy does not have the INDEX statement type turned on (which is the default) The policy function returns a null predicate for the current user. The user (index owner) is SYS . Personal Strength. The user has the EXEMPT ACCESS POLICY privilege. Specify the lexer preference to be used for processing queries and later for the documents to be classified with the MATCHES function. With both classifiers SVN_CLASSFIER and RULE_CLASSIFIER , you can use the BASIC_LEXER , CHINESE_LEXER , JAPANESE_LEXER , or KOREAN_MORPH_LEXER lexer. (See Classifier Types and Lexer Types.)
For processing queries, these lexers support the following operators: ABOUT , STEM , AND , NEAR , NOT , OR , and WITHIN . The thesaural operators ( BT* , NT* , PT , RT , SYN , TR , TRSYS , TT, and essay, so on) are supported. However, these operators are expanded using a snapshot of the thesaurus at index time, not when the MATCHES function is entered. This means that if you change your thesaurus after you index, you must re-index your query set. Strength. Specify the storage preference for the index on the queries.Use the resume, storage preference to greatest essay, specify how the mlive resume, index tables are stored. See Storage Types in greatest personal strength essay, Chapter 2, Oracle Text Indexing Elements. Specify the statement, section group. This parameter does not affect the queries.
It applies to sections in the documents to be classified. Greatest Personal Strength Essay. The following section groups are supported for the CTXRULE index type: CTXRULE does not support special sections. Specify the in education, wordlist preferences. This is used to enable stemming operations on query terms. Greatest Strength. See Wordlist Type in Chapter 2, Oracle Text Indexing Elements. Specify the classifier preference.
See Classifier Types in Chapter 2, Oracle Text Indexing Elements. You must use the same preference name you specify with CTX_CLS.TRAIN . Example for Creating a CTXRULE Index. See the Oracle Text Application Developer's Guide for a complete example of using the CTXRULE index type in a document routing application. Syntax for CTXXPATH Index Type. This indextype if provided only for backward compatibility.
Create a CTXXPATH index when you need to speed up existsNode() queries on an XMLType column. [ schema .] table ( column ) Specify the name of the table and column to index. The column you specify when you create a CTXXPATH index must be XMLType . No other types are supported for CTXXPATH . Specify the storage preference for the index on the queries.Use the storage preference to list, specify how the index tables are stored. See Storage Types in Chapter 2, Oracle Text Indexing Elements. Essay. Specify the amount of run-time memory to use for for the of ivan, indexing. The syntax for memsize is as follows: where M stands for megabytes, G stands for gigabytes, and K stands for kilobytes. The value you specify for memsize must be between 1M and the value of MAX_INDEX_MEMORY in the CTX_PARAMETERS view. To specify a memory size larger than the MAX_INDEX_MEMORY , you must reset this parameter with CTX_ADM.SET_PARAMETER to be larger than or equal to memsize . The default is the greatest strength, value specified for DEFAULT_INDEX_MEMORY in CTX_PARAMETERS . Index creation on an XMLType column: Querying the table with existsNode : Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide for information on using the CTXXPATH index type. This section describes the DROP INDEX statement as it pertains to hobbies, dropping a Text domain index. For a complete description of the DROP INDEX statement, see Oracle Database SQL Reference. Use DROP INDEX to drop a specified Text index.
Optionally force the index to be dropped. Use force option when Oracle Text cannot determine the state of the index, such as when an indexing operation crashes. Oracle recommends against using this option by strength essay, default. Use it a a last resort when a regular call to how to structure essay, DROP INDEX fails. Personal. The following example drops an index named doc_index in the current user's database schema. Use the MATCHES operator to find all rows in a query table that match a given document.
The document must be a plain text, HTML, or XML document. The MATCHES operator also supports database links. You can identify a remote table or materialized view by appending @dblink to the end of its name. The dblink must be a complete or partial name for animation essay, a database link to the database containing the remote table or materialized view. (Querying of greatest personal essay remote views is not supported.) This operator requires a CTXRULE index on your set of queries. When the thesis for the, SVM_CLASSIFIER classifier type is used, MATCHES returns a score in the range 0 to 100; a higher number indicates a greater confidence in personal, the match. Use the label parameter and MATCH_SCORE to obtain this number. Then use the matching score to apply a category-specific threshold to a particular category. If SVM_CLASSIFIER is not used, then this operator returns either 100 (the document matches the criteria) or 0 (the document does not match). If the mlive resume, optimizer chooses to use the functional query invocation with a MATCHES query, your query will fail.
Specify the greatest personal strength essay, column containing the indexed query set. Specify the document to hobbies, be classified. Personal Essay. The document can be plain-text, HTML, or XML. Binary formats are not supported. Optionally specify the label that identifies the score generated by the MATCHES operator.
Use this label with MATCH_SCORE. The following example creates a table querytable , and populates it with classification names and associated rules. It then creates a CTXRULE index. The example enters the MATCHES query with a document string to be classified. The SELECT statement returns all rows (queries) that are satisfied by search, the document: The Oracle Text Application Developer's Guide contains extended examples of simple and supervised classification, which make use of the greatest essay, MATCHES operator. Use the MATCH_SCORE operator in a statement to return scores produced by a MATCHES query. The MATCH_SCORE operator also supports database links.
You can identify a remote table or materialized view by appending @dblink to solar thesis, the end of its name. The dblink must be a complete or partial name for a database link to the database containing the remote table or materialized view. (Querying of remote views is not supported.) When the SVM_CLASSIFIER classifier type is used, this operator returns a score in greatest essay, the range 0 to 100. Then use the thesis for the, matching score to personal strength, apply a category-specific threshold to a particular category. If SVM_CLASSIFIER is not used, then this operator returns either 100 (the document matches the resume search, criteria) or 0 (the document does not match). Specify a number to identify the score produced by the query. Use this number to greatest strength essay, identify the write, MATCHES clause which returns this score. To get the matching score, use. Use the SCORE operator in a SELECT statement to greatest personal strength essay, return the score values produced by a CONTAINS query. Resume Verb. The SCORE operator can be used in a SELECT , ORDER BY , or GROUP BY clause.
The SCORE operator also supports database links. Greatest Personal. You can identify a remote table or materialized view by appending @dblink to the end of its name. Power Thesis. The dblink must be a complete or partial name for a database link to the database containing the remote table or materialized view. (Querying of remote views is not supported.) Specify a number to identify the score produced by the query. Use this number to identify the CONTAINS clause which returns this score. When the SCORE operator is called (for example, in a SELECT clause), the CONTAINS clause must reference the score label value as in the following example: Assume that a news database stores and indexes the title and body of news articles separately.
The following query returns all the documents that include the words Oracle in their title and java in their body. Strength Essay. The articles are sorted by the scores for the first CONTAINS ( Oracle ) and write, then by greatest personal strength essay, the scores for the second CONTAINS ( java ).
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Essay on Marriage: Meaning, Functions and Forms. Here is your essay on marriage, it’s meaning, functions and forms! Marriage and family sociologically signifies the stage of greater social advancement. It is greatest indicative of thesis of ivan man’s entry into the world of emotion and essay feeling, harmony and culture. Long before the institution of marriage developed, man and woman may have lived together, procreated children and how to structure a biography died unwept and unsung. Their sexual relations must have been like birds and animals of momentary duration. Image Courtesy : 2.bp.blogspot.com/–Zyo4IJENYk/TtuIdHcjm-I/AAAAAAAACwQ/Rg89UBiMU0A/s1600/lklk.jpg. Marriage as an institution developed over the time. Greatest Essay? It may have been accepted as a measure of social discipline and as an expedient to eliminate social stress due to the sex rivalry. The growing sense and sensibility may have necessitated the acceptance of norms for formalising the list, union between man and woman.
Marriage is the most important institution of human society. It is a universal phenomenon. It has been the backbone of human civilisation. Human beings have certain urges like hungers, thirst and sex. Society works out greatest certain rules and regulation for satisfaction of these urges. The rules and regulations, which deal with regulation of sex life of how to hobbies human beings, are dealt in the marriage institution.
We can say that the greatest personal, Marriage is as old as the institution of family. Both these institutions are vital for resume list, the society. Family depends upon the Marriage. Marriage regulates sex life of human beings. Marriage creates new social relationships and reciprocal rights between the spouses. Essay? It establishes the rights and the status of the children when they are born. Each society recognises certain procedures for how to essay, creating such relationship and rights. Greatest Personal? The society prescribes rules for prohibitions, preferences and prescriptions in deciding marriage. It is this institution through which a man sustains the continuity of resume verb list his race and attains satisfaction in a socially recognised manner.
Sociologists and anthropologists have given definitions of greatest personal marriage. Some of the important definitions are given below. Edward Westermark. “Marriage is structure a biography essay a relation of one or more men to one or more women which is recognised by custom or law and involves certain rights and duties both in the case of the parties entering the greatest essay, union and in the case of the children born of it. As B. Malinowski defines, “Marriage is a contract for the production and maintenance of children”. According H.M.
Johnson, “Marriage is a stable relationship in which a man and a woman are socially permitted without loss of standing in community, to have children”. Ira L. Reiss writes, “Marriage is a socially accepted union of how to write hobbies individuals in husband and wife roles, with the key function of legitimating of parenthood”. William Stephens, the anthropologist, says that marriage is: (1) A socially legitimate sexual union begun with. (2) A public announcement, undertaken with. (3) Some idea of performance and assumed with a more or less explicit. (4) Marriage contract, which spells out reciprocal obligations between spouses and between spouses and their children. William J. Goode, the famous family sociologist has tried to combine the two objectives of marriage i.e. to regulate sex life and to recognize the newborn. Personal Strength Essay? It was perhaps for statement for the, this reason that American sociologists came out with the statement that no child should be born without a father.
Although different thinkers have tried to provide definition of marriage, but there is greatest strength essay no universally acceptable definition of marriage. There seems to be, however, a consensus that marriage involves several criteria that are found to exist cross-culturally and throughout time. For example, Hindu marriage has three main objectives such as Dharma, Progeny and Sexual Pleasure. Individual happiness has been given the power, least importance. It is considered to be sacrament, a spiritual union between a man and a woman in the social status of husband and personal wife. In Western countries, marriage is a contract. Personal happiness is given the animation, utmost importance. People enter into greatest strength essay matrimonial alliances for the sake of seeking personal happiness. If this happiness is-not forthcoming they will terminate the relationship.
Marriage is thus cultural specific. Solar Plant? The rules and personal regulations differ from verb, one culture to another. We can, however, identify certain basic features of greatest personal essay this institution. (1) A heterosexual union, including at least one male and one female. (2) The legitimizing or granting of approval to the sexual relationship and the bearing of children without any loss of standing in mlive resume search, the community or society. (3) A public affair rather than a private, personal matter. (4) A highly institutionalized and patterned mating arrangement. (5) Rules which determine who can marry whom. (6) New statuses to man and woman in personal essay, the shape of husband and wife and father and mother. (7) Development of structure personal intimate and affectionate relationships between the spouses and parent and children. (8) A binding relationship that assumes some performance.
The above discussion helps us to conclude that the personal essay, boundaries of marriage are not always precise and clearly defined. It is, however, very important institution for the society as it helps in replacement of old and dying population. Marriage is an institutionalized relationship within the family system. It fulfills many functions attributed to the family in general. Family functions include basic personality formation, status ascriptions, socialization, tension management, and replacement of members, economic cooperation, reproduction, stabilization of adults, and the like. Many of these functions, while not requiring marriage for their fulfillment, are enhanced by the marital system”. Solar Power Thesis? In fact, evidence suggests marriage to be of great significance for the well-being of the individual. Researchers have shown that compared to the unmarried, married persons are generally happier, healthier, less depressed and personal disturbed and less prone to premature deaths. Marriage, rather than becoming less important or unimportant, may be increasingly indispensable. The functions of marriage differ as the structure of marriage differs. ‘For example, where marriage is specially an extension of the kin and extended family system, then procreation, passing on the family name and continuation of property become a basic function.
Thus, to not have a child or more specifically, to not have a male child, is sufficient reason to replace the present wife or add a new wife. Where marriage is based on “free choice,” i.e. parents and kinsmen play no role in selecting the resume verb list, partner, individualistic forces are accorded greater significance. Thus in the United States, marriage has many functions and involves many positive as well as negative personal factors : establishment of a family of personal strength one’s own, children, companionship, happiness, love, economic security, elimination of loneliness etc. The greater the extent to which the perceived needs of marriage are met, and the fewer the alternatives in the replacement of the unmet needs, the greater the likelihood of how to hobbies marriage and the continuation of that marriage. At a personal level, any perceived reason may explain marriage, but at greatest personal essay, a social level, all societies sanction certain reasons and renounce others. Societies evolved mannerism and method for selection of the spouses, according to their peculiar socio-economic and political conditions, and in accordance with their levels of cultural advancement. This explains on the one hand the origin of the various forms, of marriage and on the other the differences in the attitude of mlive societies towards the personal essay, institution of marriage. Some have accepted it as purely a contractual arrangement between weds, while others hold it as the sacred union between man, and how to a biography woman. Forms of marriage vary from society to society.
Marriage can be broadly divided into two types, (1) monogamy and (2) polygamy. Monogamy is that form of marriage in essay, which at a given period of time one man has marital relations with one woman. On the death of the spouse or one of the partners seek divorce then they can establish such relationship with other persons but at a given period of time, one cannot have two or more wives or two or more husbands. This one to thesis statement for the ilych one relationship is the most modern civilized way of living. In most of the societies it is this form, which is found and recognized. It should be noted that on a societal basis, only about 20 per cent of the societies are designated as strictly monogamous, that is, monogamy is the required form. When monogamy does not achieve stability, certain married persons end their relationship and remarry. Thus, the second spouse, although not existing simultaneously with the greatest essay, first, is sometimes referred to as fitting into a pattern of sequential monogamy, serial monogamy or remarriage.
Keeping in view the advantages of monogamy the world has granted recognition to monogamous form of thesis statement marriage. The following are its advantages: 1. Greatest Personal? Better Adjustment: In this form of marriage men and women have to adjust with one partner only. Power Thesis? In this way there is better adjustment between them.
2. Greater Intimacy: If the number of people in the family will be limited there will be more love and affection in the family. Because of greatest personal which they will have friendly and mlive resume deep relations. 3. Greatest Strength Essay? Better Socialization of Children: In the monogamy the children are looked after with earnest attention of parents. Statement Death? The development of modes of children will be done nicely. There will be no jealously between the parents for looking after their children.
Family happiness is maintained under monogamy which is completely destroyed in other forms of marriage because of jealousy and other reasons. Thus, in this form of marriage, family is defined as happy family. 5. Equal Status to personal strength Woman: In this form of marriage the status of woman in family is equal. How To? If husband works she looks after the house or both of them work for strengthening the economic condition of the family. 6. Equalitarian way of Living: It is greatest essay only under monogamous way of living that husband and wife can have equalitarian way of life.
Under this system husband and wife not only share the familial role and obligations but also have joint decisions. The decision making process becomes a joint venture. 7. Population Control: Some sociologists have the view that monogamy controls the population. Because of one wife children in the family will be limited.
8. Better Standard of Living: It also affects the standard of living within limited resources. One can manage easily to resume live a better life. It helps in the development of independent personality without much constraint and pressure. 9. Respect to greatest strength old Parents: Old parents receive favouring care by their children but under polygamy their days are full of bitterness. 10.
Law is in favour: Monogamy is legally sanctioned form of marriage while some are legally prohibited. 11. Essay? More Cooperation: In such a family there is close union between the couple and the chances of conflict are reduced and there is strength essay cooperation between husband and wife. It is more stable form of marriage. There is better division of property after the resume verb, death of parents. Monogamy is a marriage between one husband and one wife. So if the partner is not of greatest personal strength essay choice then life loses its charm. They have to how to hobbies adjust between themselves but now-a-days divorce is the answer to personal strength their problem. According to Sumner and Keller, “Monogamy is monopoly.” Wherever there is monopoly, there is bound to be both ‘ins and outs’.
Some inpatients can’t have kids or some barren cannot have kids. If one of the partners has some problem couples cannot have children. They have to suffer from childlessness. 4. Economic Factors: Marriage in monogamy does not play part of income. For The Ilych? They have to depend upon their own occupation for personal strength essay, living.
If they are poor they will remain poor. So monogamy effects the economic condition of man and woman. 5. Better status to Women: Monogamy provides better status to women in the society. They are counted equal to men. Some people do not like this form of marriage. When they do not get partner of their own choice they start sexual relations with other people. This also leads to the problem of in education essay prostitution. Distinguished from monogamy is polygamy.
Polygamy refer to the marriage of several or many. Polygamy is the form of marriage in greatest personal strength, which one man marries two or more women or one woman marries two or more men or a number of men many a number of women. According to F.N. Balasara, “The forms of marriage in which there is how to structure a biography plurality of partners is called polygamy”. Polygamy, like other forms of marriage is highly regulated and normatively controlled. Personal Strength? It is likely to be supported by the attitudes and values of both the animation, sexes. Polygamy itself has many forms and variations. Polygamy is of three types: (i) Polygyny, (ii) Polyandry and (iii) Group marriage.
Let us now discuss forms of polygamy in details, Polygyny is a form of marriage in which a man has more than one .wife at essay, a time. In other words it is a form of marriage in which one man marries more than one woman at a given time. It is the essay, prevalent form of marriage among the tribes, Polygyny also appears to be the strength, privilege of the wealthy, in many African societies the rich usually have more than one wife. This type of power thesis marriage is found in Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya and Uganda. In India, polygyny persisted from the Vedic times until Hindu Marriage Act, 1955.
Now polygyny is visible among many tribes of India. Viewing polygyny cross-culturally, poiygynous families evidence specific organisational features: 1. In certain matters, sex particularly, co-wives have clearly defined equal rights. 2. Personal? Each wife is set up in a separate establishment. 3. The senior wife is given special powers and privileges. It has been suggested that if co-wives are sisters, they usually live in solar thesis, the same house; if co-wives are not sister, they usually live in separate houses. It is believed that sibling can better tolerate, suppress and live with a situation of sexual rivalry than can non-siblings. Polygyny may be of two types: (i) Sororal polygyny and (ii) Non-soraral polygyny. Sororal polygyny is personal strength one in which all the wives are sisters. Non-sororal polygyny means the marriage of for the death one man with many women who are not sisters. 1. Disproportion of sexes in the Population:
When in any tribe or society male members are less in number and females are more, then this type of marriage takes place. 2. Out-migration of male Population: To earn the livelihood male members migrate from one society to another. Personal? This way there is a decrease in the number of males than females and polygyny takes place. Hypergamy also gives rise to polygyny. Under this system the parents of lower castes or classes want to improve their social status by marrying their daughters in the higher caste or classes.
4. Desire for how to write hobbies, male Child: Among the primitive people importance was given to make children than females. Thus man was free to strength have as many marriages as he liked on animation the ground to get male children. In some societies number of wives represented greater authority and status. Particularly the leaders of primitive society increased number of essay wives in order to prove their superiority. A single marriage was considered a sign of poverty. So where marriage is taken as sign of prestige and prosperity the custom of polygyny is natural.
6. A Biography Essay? Economic Reason: Where the people of the poor families were unable to find suitable husbands for their daughters they started marrying their daughters to rich married males. 7. Variety of Sex Relation: The desire for variety of sex relations is another cause of polygyny. The sexual instincts become dull by more familiarity. It is stimulated by novelty. 8. Enforced Celibacy: In uncivilized tribes men did not approach the women during the period of pregnancy and while she was feeding the child.
Thus long period of essay enforced celibacy gave birth to second marriage. In uncivilized society more children were needed for agriculture, war and status recognition. Solar Power Plant? Moreover, in greatest, some tribes the birth rate was low and death rate was high. In such tribes polygyny was followed to obtain more children. 10. Absence of children: According to Manu, if wife is unable to have children, man is permitted to have more marriages. He further says if a wife takes her husband then he should live with her one year and take another wife. 11. Religious Reasons:
Polygyny was permitted in the past if wife was incapable of forming religious duties in her periodic sickness because religion was given significant place in social life. 12. Patriarchal Society: Polygyny is found only in the patriarchal society where more importance is given to males and male member is the head of the family. (1) Better status of children: In polygyny children enjoy better status.
They are looked after well because there are many women in the family to thesis statement for the death care. (2) Rapid growth of Population: In those societies where population is strength very less and birth rate is almost zero, for those societies polygyny is best suited, as it increases the population at faster rate. (3) Importance of Males: In polygyny males occupy higher status. More importance is given to husband by several wives. (4) Division of Work: In polygyny there are several wives. Plant Thesis? Therefore, there is personal essay a proper division of work at in education, home.
(5) Variety of Sex Relations: Instead of going for greatest personal, extra marital relations husband stays at home because his desire for variety of sex relations is fulfilled within polygyny. (6) Continuity of Family: Polygyny came into existence mainly because of inability of a wife to structure a biography produce children. Polygyny provides continuity to the family tree. In absence of one wife other women in the family produce children. 1. Greatest Strength? Lower status of Women:
In this form of marriage women have very low status; they are regarded as an object of pleasure for their husbands. They generally do not have a right to take decisions about their welfare; they have to depend upon resume, their husband for fulfillment of their basic needs. 2. Greatest? Jealousy as stated by Shakespeare: “Woman thy name is jealousy”. When several wives have to share one husband, there is bound to be jealousy among co-wives. Jealousy leads to inefficiency in their work. They are not able to socialize their children in a proper manner in such atmosphere. 3. Low Economic Status:
Polygyny increases economic burden on the family because in many cases only husband is the bread winner and whole of the family is dependent on him. 4. Population Growth: This type of marriage is harmful for developing society and poor nations because they have limited resources Further increase in population deteriorates progress and development of thesis statement for the death that society. 5. Fragmentation of Property: In polygyny all the children born from different wives have share in father’s property. Jealousy among mothers leads to property conflicts among children as a result property is divided and income per capita decreases. 6. Uncongenial Atmosphere: Polygyny does not promise congenial atmosphere for the proper growth and development of children. There is lack of affection among the members. As such families have large number of members. They fail to provide proper attention to personal strength all of them.
This gives rise to list many immoral practices in greatest strength essay, the society. It is a form of marriage in which one woman has more than one husband at a given time. According to K.M. How To Hobbies? Kapadia, Polyandry is a form of personal strength essay union in which a woman has more than one husband at how to essay, a time or in which brothers share a wife or wives in common. This type marriage is prevalent in few places such as tribes of Malaya and some tribes of India like Toda, Khasi and Kota etc. Polyandry is of two types: (i) Fraternal Polyandry and. (ii) Non-Fratemai Polyandry. (i) Fraternal Polyandry:
In this form of polyandry one wife is regarded as the wife of greatest strength all brothers. All the brothers in animation in education, a family share the same woman as their wife. The children are treated as the offspring of the eldest brother, it is found in some Indian tribes like Toda and Khasis. This type of marriage was popular in Ceylon (Srilanka at present). (ii) Non-Fraternal Polyandry: In this type of polyandry one woman has more than one husband who is not brothers. They belong to different families. The wife cohabits with husbands in turn. In case of Fraternal Polyandry, the wife lives in the family of her husbands, while in greatest personal strength, case of non-fraternal polyandry, the wife continues to stay in the family of her mother. This type of polyandry is found among Nayars of thesis statement of ivan Kerala. 1. Lesser number of Women:
According to personal essay Westermark, when the number of structure essay women is lesser than the number of males in personal essay, a society, polyandry is found. For The? For example, among Todas of Nilgiri. But according to Brifficult, polyandry can exist even when the number of women is not lesser e.g. in Tibet, Sikkim and Laddakh polyandry is found even though there is not much disparity in the number of men and women. In some tribal societies female infanticide is present; as a result these female population is less than male population. Further males do not enjoy good status. Therefore, one female is married to a group of brothers and polyandry exists. 3. Matrilineal System: Just in contrast to above noted point, it has also been argued that polyandry exists in matrilineal system where one woman can have relationship with more than one man and the children instead of getting the name of father are known by mother’s name. Polyandry exists in such areas where there is scarcity of natural resources.
It is for this reason many men support one woman and her children. In societies where there is bridge price, polyandry exists. Brothers pay for one bride who becomes wife of all of them. 6. Division of Property: To check the division of personal strength ancestral property polyandry is favoured. When all the resume verb, brothers have one wife then the question of division of property does not arise. 7. Production and labour: Polyandry not only avoids division of property but it also increases production in agriculture.
All the brothers work together because they have to greatest personal essay support only one family. Thus production and income increases, further there is no expenditure with regard to labour because all the husbands contribute their share of work. Polyandry exists in some societies mainly because of resume customs and greatest personal traditions of that particular society. Generally, polyandry is found in such areas which are situated far away from modern developed areas. (1) Checks Population Growth: It checks population growth because all the male members of the family share one wife. As a result population does not increase at that rapid rate, the way in which it occurs in polygyny Therefore, it limits the resume verb list, size of the family. (2) Economic Standard: Polyandry helps to strength essay unhold the economic standard of the family. It strengthens the economic position of the family because all the members work for the improvement of the structure, family. (3) Greater Security:
With large number of males working after the family affairs, other members of the family especially women and children feel quite secure. Greater security among the members develop sense of we-feeling among the members of the family. (4) Property is kept Intact: In polyandry family does not get divided. The property of the family is held jointly and thus it is kept intact. (5) Status of Women: In polyandry one woman is wife of large number of husbands. As a result she gets attention of all the members and thus enjoys a good status in the family. She feels quite secure because in the absence of one husband other males are there to fulfill her basic needs.
When all the men have to share one woman, family quarrels and tensions are ought to be there. Husbands feel jealous of one another which adversely effect congenial atmosphere of the family. When children have large number of greatest personal essay fathers they fail to select appropriate model for thesis, themselves. This adversely effects their personality configuration. (3) Health of the Woman: It adversely effects health of a woman because she has to satisfy several husbands. It not only has negative effect on the physical health but also on mental health of the woman. According to greatest biologists if the same woman cohabits with several men, it may lead to sterility, further lack of solar power thesis sex gratification give rise to extra-marital relationship of strength husbands.
In matrilineal system where polyandry is found husbands do not enjoy high status. They do not give their name to the children. (6) Lack of Attachment: In many tribes where polyandry exists husbands do not live permanently with their families. They are visiting husband who visit the animation essay, family for a specific period. They do not get love and affection of greatest personal strength their children because children feel unattached to their fathers. (7) Less Population: This form of marriage decreases population growth. In some tribal societies where polyandry continues to exist may get extinct after a gap of few years.
This is another outcome of this practice. Group marriage is that type of marriage in which a group of men marry a group of women. Each man of male group is in education considered to be the husband of every woman of female group. Similarly, every woman is the wife of every man of male group. Pair bonded or Multilateral marriage are the substitute term for group marriages. This form of marriage is found among some tribes of New Guinea and Africa.
In India group marriage is practised by the Toda Tribe of Nilgiri Hills. Greatest Strength Essay? Except on an experimental basis it is an extremely rare occurrence and may never have existed as a viable form of marriage for any society in in education, the world. The Oneida community of New York State has been frequently cited as an example of group marriage experiment. It involved economic and sexual sharing based on spiritual and religious principles. Like most group marriage on record, its time span was limited. Rarely do they endure beyond one or two generations. Levirate and Sororate: In levirate the wife marries the brother of the dead husband.
If a man dies, his wife marries the brother of her dead husband. Greatest Strength Essay? Marriage of the widow with the dead husband’s elder brother is called Senior Levirate. But when she marries to mlive resume the younger brother of the dead husband, it is essay called Junior Levirate. In Sororate the husband marries the animation in education essay, sister of his wife. Sororate is again divided into greatest personal essay two types namely restricted Sororate and simultaneous Sororate. In restricted sororate, after the death of one’s wife, the man marries the sister of his wife. In simultaneous sororate, the sister of one’s wife automatically becomes his wife. Concubinage is a state of living together as husband and wife without being married. It is .cohabitation with one or more women who are distinct from wife or wives. Concubinage is sometimes recognised by various societies as an essay accepted institution. A concubine has a lower social status than that of a wife.
The children of a concubine enjoy a lower status in the society. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages:
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