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A series of essay plans for No Sugar. A series of essay plans for good essays, No Sugar, based on thesis of lawvere, workshops with students (Dr Jennifer Minter, English Works Notes) Topic: No Sugar is about the misuse of power. Jack Davis’s play No Sugar depicts the plight of the First Australians during the 1930s and their struggle for survival during the Great Depression in Western Australia. Write Definition! Set on an Aboriginal Reserve, the Munday and Millimurra families are forced to move from the Northam Shire to thesis, the Moore River Native Settlement in the 1930s. Using a variety of real-life incidents, Davis suggests this is a typical pattern of write definition essays dispossession whereby those in a position of power have physically and psychologically abused the First Australians since the colonial settlement period. Not only do the law and order officials, politicians and councillors use false pretences to american essays anne fadiman, forcibly move the Northam residents but many of the Indigenous women are exploited by the men who control their employment. In No Sugar, Mr Neville, the Chief Protector of Aborigines misuses his power by treating the First Australians as second-class citizens. He seeks to “civilise” them and help them “take their place in Australian society”. they are treated disdainfully, and on the same level as the good definition essays, birds and the beasts. he forces the First Australians to thesis, assimilate he controls them through the ration system that denies them a decent lifestyle.
Misusing their power, Mr Neville, politicians and councillors plan the forced removal of the First Australians from Northam Shire to the Moore River Native Settlement. Write Good! Davis suggests that this repeats the pattern of forcible removal and dispossession that completely disempower the First Australians . Mr Neville instigates the procedure to forcibly remove the First Australians from the Northam Shire to Moore River Settlement. In this case, the what mean to me essay, First Australians have no voice and definition, must follow the officials’ orders. No one in Northam Shire wants to be living near the First Australians because they believe it will be unsafe to leave wives and children, despite the fact that many of the neighbours are getting drunk at the Shamrock Hotel “till stumps”. (For political reasons, the government fears that Bert Awkes may upseat Jimmy Mitchell in the forthcoming election. There are a lot of Chinamen working on his farm at Grass Valley which is very unpopular (45).) Jimmy asks Mr Neal if he voted for “Jimmy Mitchell’s lot”. He knows it is just a political stunt; he wishes to protect his power “so he could have a nice, white little town, white little fuckin’ town” (94).
The excuse is that they will be moved until the what to me, “scabies are cleared up” . When the matron examines the natives, only definition, 4 out of 89 have scabies. It is a complete farce. As Davis points out, the thesis of lawvere, Indigenous are meant to be kept in the quarantine camp but there is no need for good essays, it. Essays And Courseworks! (58) Law and good definition, order officials misuse their power through the (indiscriminate and gratuitous) use of essays violence and good definition, brutality. Davis refers to to me essay, the Oombulgarri Massacre that took place during the colonial settlement period and that clearly shows how the policemen and those in a position of power killed Aboriginal families with impunity (without punishment). Good Definition Essays! Davis suggests that this is thesis, a common occurrence and traumatises the First Australians who are unable to write good essays, revisit this site.
Billy relates the story of the what does mean, massacre of his people at Oombulgarri which Davis suggests is typical of the write good definition essays, settlement story whereby violence is used disproportionately to kill the Indigenous peoples. During this particular massacre, Mr George flogged an “old man”, almost to death, who in an act of retaliation, speared the essay on local, “gudeeah” with his “chubel spear”. The police force returns to “shoot ‘em everybody mens, kooris, little yumbahs”. IN addition, contrary to the official version of good definition essays history as narrated in and courseworks Mr Neville’s Australia Day speech, the colonial government with its “big mob politjmans” are the ones to massacre the children and mothers and “chuck ‘em on a big fire”. (62) Davis suggests that this is the story of write good essays settlement that is not included in the early official narrative. Mr Neville refers to the first 70 days of Tasmanian settlement during which only one Indigenous person remained out of “some six thousand natives (who) disappeared”. (81) Clearly, Davis suggests that those in best anne a position of political power used violence to dispossess the First Australians. Their stories are not silenced and marginalised as the stories of the write, Pioneers take priority in the national conscience. Davis depicts Mr Neal as a typical white official or employer/owner who exploits his position of authority and power and assaults the girls in his care. Davis suggests that many white people who own cattle stations or properties that employ an Indigenous “maid” often exploit the women.
For example, one girl was assaulted by the “boss’s sons” who, “you know, force her” and eventually the trackers killed the baby and “buried it in the pine plantation” (57) Even Mr Neville notes in his official papers that 30 out of 80 girls who went into domestic service returned pregnant. Mr Neal is Superintendent of the Moore River Settlement and it soon becomes clear that he assaults many of the essays anne, girls who work in the hospital which is why Mary is so adamant that she does not want to work there. Mr Neal not only definition, intimidates the Indigenous and walks around with a “cat o nine tails”, but he is prepared to use it against the Indigenous women who defy his orders. Mary does not want to work on a farm because many girls are raped. Not only and courseworks, does Mary fear rape, but she is brutally assaulted when she refuses to definition essays, work in thesis of lawvere the hospital which would expose her to Mr Neal’s advances. Neal whips Mary barbarically with a “cat o nine tail” over the bag of flour. After “Neal raises the cat o nine tails” there is a blackout. The audience hears Mary’s heart-rendering and write definition essays, pitiful scream that becomes a powerful symbol of thesis aboriginal resistance in the face of the shameful misuse of violence. Also law and order officials misuse power through the legal system and through the control of their rations.
They policemen treat the Aboriginal Australians much more harshly than the White Australians and make it difficult for them to gain justice in a court system that consists of a foreign language. Also their rations are constantly reduced. In the Moore River Settlement Davis suggests that the Mr Neal unjustly denies the First Australians an education. He threatens to remove Sister Eileen from the Settlement if she insists on good, providing the First Australians with books (90) Topic: No Sugar offers audiences an insight into essays, what it meant to be Aboriginal in the 1930s in WA. The First Australians are forced to write good, live in reserves and daily life becomes a constant struggle because of the racist attitudes of the white officials. That life is a daily struggle for survival is evident in their “bush style” living, their lack of adequate resources, the jesus to me, lack of food and soap… they are subject to the racist attitudes of the white members of the community. The girl is write good definition, given the worst apple. … Also the ration system is a product of the thesis, protection-style policies of the white government that seeks to control and humiliate the write, First Australians . The stage directions relating to the sign alert the audience to the fact that the First Australians are treated like the Australian fauna and thesis, flora. Right from the opening of the play, Milly and Gran are preoccupied with cleanliness, as they are “[sorting] clothes for write essays, washing”, Milly then scolds her son to give his shirt to her because “it’s filthy” so that she can wash it. Thesis Of Lawvere! Davis does this to focus the audience’s attention on essays, the view that Aboriginals … are … This constant reference towards to hygiene and the soap rations reinforce Davis’s point that white people typecasts the First Australians as unclean and essay, dirty. It also encourages readers to understand that First Australians struggle with hygiene due to substandard living condition and constant reductions in their rations.
The First Australians are kept on the fringes of write good definition society and often forcibly removed from settlements because of the unfair racist views held by many white Australians. Sample Master S Thesis Page! ( Through the depiction of the Millimurra family, Davis shows how the First Australians are often forcibly removed from the land and definition, herded into mission areas.) (They are treated as political victims in the attempt to constantly dispossess them and thesis of lawvere, move them to more remote areas. The Millimurra family is moved from the Northam Reserve to the Moore River Native Settlement.) They are also expected to sing the praises of the pioneers and learn the good, biblical refrains that assisted the exploitation of the aboriginal population. Their own stories are minimalised and they have little access to education. In contrast to the myth of the pioneers, Billy presents the story of the massacre which reflects the trauma the First Australians suffered because of the dispossession of their culture and american anne fadiman, land. The First Australians suffer greater hardship during the depression because of their inability to find work and to continue their lifestyle (lack of work) The First Australians suffer more than their white counterparts during the depression. This is shown through the comparison with the itinerant worker, frank Brown, who is typically paid at least double the unemployed subsidy of an aboriginal. When “soap is no longer included as a ration item”, the Sergeant tells Milly that she has got “three healthy men bludging off you, too lazy to essays, work” , however it can be seen that it is not the First Australians who do not want to work but rather is not paid money for it and instead the “cockies want ‘em to work for nothin’ ”. He uses Frank Brown as a comparison to insinuate that if a white man cannot find a decent job, what are the chances of an aborigine finding a job, let alone finding a job with pay. When they do find work, they are typically exploited and american anne fadiman, underpaid. For those who cannot find work, they are often forced to “snowdrop” and good essays, often end up as pawns in a legal system which they do not understand.
Davis shows how Aboriginal woman living on reserves during the and courseworks, 1930s are very vulnerable to the abuse of power by the white officials. The girls are often exploited and sexually assaulted. Mary defiantly resists Mr Neal’s attempt to move her to write definition essays, the hospital to work because it is easier to rape her. Thesis Of Lawvere! At least one third of the girls who are sent into domestic service become pregnant. Mary also fears the write definition essays, story of the baby who is why do a counselor essay, killed. Include reference to the stage directions… There is little access to education and the indigenous peoples experience language problems as they move between cultures. Definition Essays! (Joe reads “falteringly”).
In contrast they often use their dialect to converse among themselves. The indigenous people are forced to what jesus to me, assimilate into the white society, demonstrated early in the play where Joe “falteringly” reads the Western Mail. The legal system and their relationship with the definition, police also proves to be an alienating (strange and foreign) to experience for them. …. This also displays the aboriginals’ lack of education, in which it is believed that “a little knowledge is dangerous” suggesting that the aboriginals should not be trusted. Due to american essays fadiman, this they are forcefully moved to Moore River reserve, thus dispossessing them from their only write definition, source of thesis dependence. Write! Davis reminds us of the harsh discriminatory policies that the white authority Joe’s inability to read fluently when reading the Western Mail in the beginning of the thesis, play reflects the definition, First Australians struggle with the white dominant culture and anne fadiman, shows their exclusion. When the Sister wants to write, start a library for the First Australians Mr Neal states that “a little knowledge is a dangerous thing”. His attitude reflects the views and values of white authorities who do not wish to empower the First Australians through education and knowledge. Davis implies that the authorities restrict their education as it is sample s thesis, much easier to control them if they are uneducated.
Topic: ‘Family, protest and identity are crucial for definition, the survival of the individuals.’ How does No Sugar show this to essay self government in india, be true? In this plan below, include references to the problems, the discrimination, the misuse of write definition power, the humiliating and degrading treatment. Essays! In Davis’ play, family plays a vital role in the survival of Aboriginal people, their traditions and their values. Gran is the backbone of Millimurra’s family. She is a strong traditional matriarchal figure whose humour, good will and courage help the family endure difficult times. When Millimurra’s family is forcibly removed to Moore River Settlement, Sergeant Carrol asks Gran to write definition essays, take the train rather than walking to the new Settlement. However, Gran doesn’t want to be separated from her family and says ‘ I ain’t goin’ on a counselor, no train. You can put me in gaol if you want to’. Also when Gran delivers Mary’s baby, she relies on write, traditional medical techniques that ensure survival. Gran has the american essays anne fadiman, natural skills of a midwife who helps Mary give birth to her baby and protect her from infection.
She uses a “live” and burning firestick and “clean ashes” to deal with the good definition, afterbirth. In many ways, Davis suggests that these natural techniques are more “civilised”, and superior than the use of Johnson’s baby powder in the natural Australian bush setting. When Joe and Mary decide to return to Northam, the Millimurra family provides support, gives them “a bit of Merrang” and tells them to “#8230;jump to rattler’bout half a mile”. Even Billy helps. Furthermore, Davis depicts the fierce determination of the sample master s thesis title page, First Australians to resist the unreasonable and often violent treatment they suffer by white officials. They protest , he suggests, because they are treated unjustly and exploited on a daily basis. Jimmy’s forthright activism is critical to the survival of the Indigenous Australians. During the Australia Day celebrations, Jimmy argues with Mr.Neal and exposes the truth about their forced removal.
It is “nothin’n to do with bloody scabies. And that’s why we got dragged’ere, so them wetjalas”. Symbolically, Davis honours Jimmy’s voice of protest which he believes is critical for the First Australians in their fight for justice. This voice is evident in descendants such as Joe Millimurra. Mary Dargurru’s defiance is also significant. She resists Mr Neal’s orders. When Mr.Neal asks Mary to work in the hospital at write good, Moore River Settlement, Mary says, “you can belt me if you like, I’m not workin’ in the hospital.” She is is beaten shamefully, but refuses to give in.
Neal belts her with the to be a counselor essay, “cat-o-nine tails”. The scene ends in a “blackout” and “a scream”, which represents Mary’s suffering, but she does not yield. She leaves with Joe, full of hope as symbolised by the birth of the baby. So, protest is definition essays, a significant way for thesis of lawvere, Aboriginal to stand up for themselves and fight with the racism from the whites. Furthermore, Davis suggests that the First Australians must fiercely protect their cultural and indigenous identity if they are to survive. Jimmy is angry at the very violent act of dispossession which makes it difficult for his family to gain a living. He is angry also at the Indigenous Australians who are helping the definition, white people in positions of master authority.
He tries to remain fiercely independent and resists the attempts to control him. Davis depicts how the two families are determined to remain true to their cultural identity and practice their language and cultural customs. Culturally, Davis also suggests that the First Australians must remember the sacrifices made by good, their own ancestors. (Hence the use of the North West Aboriginal language.) Topic: Overall the play is about the sample master, strength of family, not the power of racism. Main contention: No Sugar is about the write essays, strength of the family, which is critical to survival of the First Australians, precisely because of does to me institutionalised racism. Write Essays! The First Australians suffer from discrimination and Davis suggests that those who do have strong family and cultural links are more likely to survive.
Paragraph 1: strength of the family and daily struggle for survival because of racist policies of government institutions and discrimination. (The good will of the family stands them in good stead as they struggle to cope with injustice.) Paragraph 2: strength of family and community with regards to cultural pride/history/ stories and survival of culture (despite racist attempts to denigrate the culture). Master! Paragraph 3: strength of family provides hope and the courage to resist. Despite policies that seek to dispossess and exploit the aborigines, Mary and Jim become a symbol of survival. The play concerns both the strength of the family and racism. Good Definition Essays! Davis suggests that the family needs to be strong and resilient to withstand the racist and patronising policies of sample s thesis title those in power. The family is stoic, proud and resilient in their attempt to withstand the good definition, racist policies that discriminate against the Aborigines on a daily basis. Constant fight to american, maintain and preserve their dignity and fight against good, the unjust official attitudes that perpetuate the stereotypes of the unclean savage. Struggles of daily life; ration system Have to be resourceful and inventive; rely on their own bush skills and innovation and warmth and generosity to succeed They constantly have to deal with the humiliation of a ration system that seeks to control them, undermine their rights and freedoms and make life difficult.
As a family group, the to be a counselor essay, aborigines must also be strong and resilient to maintain their cultural pride in the face of policies that lead to dispossession and write good essays, forced dispersal. Their cultural stories are ignored Instead – the historical narrative relating to the pioneers / Christian songs of the. Ultimately Davis critiques the racist system that undermines the aborigines’ independence and seeks to dispossess and eradicate them. The strength of the family also emerges in their proud and rebellious spirit against and courseworks, the injustices of write good definition essays those in a position of power. Mary and her resistance to rape/exploitation Jimmy – comments against the policemen and the lawyers… Also degradation for those who are complicit in the system that works against them, Billy. Davis suggests that with strong reliance on family ties, however; one can manage to withstand adversity and survive. The strength of a family is best captured in the incredible love and what does, courage of Gran who serves as an admirable role model. It is her job to maintain peace within the household and to essays, pass on traditional values. She takes pride in their ancestry.
Gran’s capacity to survive, endure and thrive provides enormous strength and support for her family. Gran’s strong links to the family’s past allows her to essays, pass on her knowledge of definition and, take pride in, Indigenous culture and traditions. This is evident in the attitudes of the Millimura and Munday families, where no one ever complained about being an Aborigine. What Mean To Me Essay! Gran comforts Mary by ensuring her that “nobody’s goin’ to take Baby” and good essays, then helps Mary give birth because she is terrified of the missionary hospital. Gran’s use of ashes instead of “Johnson’s baby powder” is a symbol of essays and courseworks keeping the Indigenous culture alive despite of the racist society they live in. Definition! Similarly, Joe’s act of returning “back to sample s thesis title, Northam” shows a strong sense of family and place.
Davis suggests that not even the good essays, constant threats by Neal can stop him from master s thesis title, breaking the restriction order and returning. Also, Frank Brown shows close family ties, despite the hardships that he has to endure. He is struggling with the write good, depression but still sends whatever he can earn home to his “wife and two kids staying in … Leederville”. Although family ties enable individuals to survive hardships, losing it can have its repercussions. Billy’s help: Billy’s tribe was massacred by “big mob gudeeah…big mob politjmans, and essay self, big mob from stations”, forcing him to work for the white people in order to write good, survive. Essays And Courseworks! Although Billy works for Neal, Neal is still racist towards him by “[throwing] a stick of tobacco onto the floor” for him to write essays, pick up, treating him as a slave.
Billy is also hated by other Aborigines, such as the children who call him “black crow” – a traitor. However, Billy tells Joe to “back sit down” in his country and gives Joe his whip as a parting gift to to be a counselor essay, help him catch rabbits, snakes and “bungarra”. This symbolizes his connection to his race – his “family”, which even the power of racism cannot break. ‘ In No Sugar, Davis shows that the bonds of family and community are necessary for survival.’ Discuss. Paragraph 1: the immediate family. Paragraph 2: the wider aboriginal family/community (culture and history) Paragraph 3: how some aborigines working for good, the whites undermine family and why do essay, community. Davis foregrounds the Millimurra’s daily fight for survival despite the adverse social, political and racial circumstances. Write Essays! Family bonds, based upon their shared cultural experiences, reinforce their cultural identity and help members of the family endure the does jesus, physical hardship and social isolation. Narrative devices/techniques/positives (first): The family’s daily struggle… opening scene/soap/humour/reading. (despite hardships) Granny’s attitude and humour: she walks the three day trek to the mission rather than opt for the official transport The family also extends their hospitality to essays, other social outcasts such as Frank Brown Joe and of lawvere, Mary’s baby symbolises the unbreakable family bonds: (despite the write, efforts of Mr Neal to literally whip Mary into submission) she remains faithful to Joe and Granny delivers their baby. (bush-medicine style): sense of hope and continuity despite deaths of other family members.
The obstacles: they are “booted out” from their cultural land. Link sentence: Through the depiction of the Millimura family, Davis conveys to the audience how their unbreakable family bond. helps them survive and conquer difficult times. Davis also suggests that, on a collective level, the thesis, aborigines must proudly cling to their cultural traditions and celebrate their heritage which, during these testing times of social and political upheaval, provides the best hope of survival. Narrative devices… (about celebration/cultural differences) Through the use of their “nyoongah” language and their strong connection to their culture and land, the good essays, playwright reinforces, proudly their cultural differences. (examples): source of self in india celebration. Billy’s story about the massacre contrast to the white historical narrative about pioneers (that seek to write good essays, denigrate and of lawvere, marginalise the write good definition, aborigines) Collectively, the playwright suggests that they must band together to master s thesis title, resist the official policies to dispossess the aborigines, eg. moving them from the land to the reserve (Joe : the pull of the land) Jimmy’s fight for good definition, equality results in his death at the Australia Day celebrations while “clutching at the flagpole”, which reflects Davis’s criticism of the hypocritical and contradictory actions of government officials. Link sentence: It is essays and courseworks, only when they have a sense of who they are through family and write definition essays, community bonds do they realise that they are not an inferior race. This knowledge, Davis suggests, fundamentally allows them to american essays anne, preserve their dignity and pride and write good definition, therefore survive in a world that has turned against the “natives”. Davis suggests that those who work for the white officials become complicit in a system that degrades them and works towards their annihilation. Davis compares characters such as Jimmy and Joe, refuse to stay silent, with characters such as Topsy and Billy, who subserviently let the “wetjala’s” control them, to show the importance of maintaining a strong stance. Mary also refuses to give into Mr Neal’s demands. Jimmy’s comments about “dancing for ‘em” The whites official treatment of the aborigines Billy Kimberly is an why do to be a counselor, example of such character who is “savage[ly]” and cruelly mistreated by Superintendent Neal, a white authority figure who repeatedly treats aborigines with disrespect and stereotypically defines them all as “trouble makers”.
Davis suggests to the audience that they may not have a family that can help them on their quest to survival. Due to this they create bonds with the good definition essays, white community hoping to grab that chance. Davis indicates to the audience that Billy ultimately has no choice but to fall into the hands of Neal. S Thesis Title Page! By conforming to good essays, Neal and thus white society, Davis represents Billy’s approach of trying to sample master, survive, Davis repeatedly demonstrates throughout his play the hardship and definition, difficulties faced by the aborigines. It is through Davis’ depiction of the thesis of lawvere, reliance and support from members of family and the community does it show the greatest survival technique. Topic: How does Davis show the affect of prejudice? Paragraph 1: life is very difficult for the aborigines because of institutionalised racist policies (daily life/struggle/ constant struggle with discrimination) Paragraph 2: alienation and isolation from mainstream society; the loss of write pride and dignity struggle with little education (struggle to of lawvere, maintain pride in their own cultural traditions) Paragraph 3: humiliation and exploitation: the write good definition, officials rape and american anne fadiman, exploit the indigenous with impunity because of their racist policies. Write! The discriminatory policies perpetuated by the white government are based on the premise that the aborigines are an inferior race. Because of the extreme prejudice that is practiced at an official level the aborigines are constantly treated as “savages” which reinforces the stigma associated with aboriginality. They are culturally isolated and dehumanised which has humiliating consequences. Treated like “dog”#8230; Billy by Mr Neal and Jimmy by american essays anne, Mr Neville ticket Symbolism of the hygiene: soap The stereotypes evident in the white community.
The discriminatory polices lead to a constant struggle for survival. The Mill family is write good definition, controlled by the inadequate ration system that dehumanises them and treats them as a nuisance. Ration system: Comparisons: the treatment of the aborigines with Frank Brown (during the depression) They suffer much more hardship during the depression than the white people and are constantly battling for basic resources, without which they are undernourished and often unhealthy. (physical deprivation) Daily life: Cissie in hospital; jail – Davis shows how the aborigines often become criminals despite themselves; the sample master title, daily struggle for survival often leads to criminal acts such as theft#8230; snowdropping#8230; There are no rations for definition essays, those who return to Northam from the Moore River Settlement which Davis believes becomes a deliberate attempt at dispersal. Davis shows how another consequence of the jesus mean to me, discrimination is the cultural degradation which overlooks and marginalises their cultural myths, which leads to a loss of good pride. Davis compares the historical narratives: indigenous versus white settlers In the opening scene Joe reads a passage from the newspaper that depicts the priority of the essay on local self, history of white settlement; Davis shows throughout the play how this history takes priority and write definition, the aborigines’ culture is disregarded. Davis deliberately draws attention to and courseworks, the fact that they are speaking a “foreign” language that reinforces their exclusion from the mainstream culture.. . The Happy Land parody on Australia Day. Another effect of prejudice is the degradation of the women who are treated contemptuously and exploited by the white officials. They are often raped and if they resist they are whipped. Scene about Mary and the whipping Injustice – exploit the girls in the mission#8230; Mr Neal is typical of the superior white officials who exploit their position and take advantage of the girls. He believes #8230; Mary also is fearful of becoming pregnant in this situation#8230; Ironically, Davis does show that in many ways it is the white man who is the savage, and who hides his bestiality and brutality behind his official superior views#8230; abuse of power.
Topic: “Overall, the play suggests that there is no hope for the Aborigines.” Discuss. The aborigines appear to have no hope because of the official policies that discriminate against them and that seek to systematically dispossess them. Davis suggests that it is difficult to find hope in a society that legally and socially marginalises the aborigines and treats them as second class citizens. Legally and culturally they are estranged from the dominant society. Pick and choose a variety of narrative devices: Legal alienation: a cycle of despair.
Davis deliberately structures the play so that events repeat themselves, symbolising that the struggle faced by Aborigines will continue regardless of resistance. Early in Act I, Gran and Milly argue with the Sergeant over rations cuts, and do so again later in Act I, suggesting that the rations will not improve, but lessen. Jimmy is sent to prison for write, three months in 1929 and is later depicted in Act II as leaving prison in 1932. Davis implying that he has been at least one more time since his 1929 prison visit. Joe gets supposedly arrested in Act III for “absconding with [a minor]” when he is essays, really being sent to jail so that ‘no natives remain in the Northam area.’ Just like the Millimurra family, who get forced to move to the Moore River Settlement for “health reasons” when they are really being moved for political reasons, Joe is definition essays, moved because of the ‘Royal Commission.” At the end of the play, Joe plans on disobeying Neal and returning the Northam with Mary and their baby, suggesting that he will be sent to jail again. Davis uses this cyclical pattern style within No Sugar to capture the feeling that there is best american essays anne fadiman, no hope the Millimurras’ lives will change and improve, as highlighted by good, Gran’s song of ‘woe, woe, woe.’ The stereotypes that treat them as inferior savages (as perpetuated by those in a position of power) Aborigines cannot “walk down the street after sundown” or be “under [the] influence of liquor,” the latter of which they can be arrested and imprisoned for by a “politjman” who drinks “down the Federal every night.” The Millimurras cannot live of the land like they used to, because the “wetjalas cut all the trees down.” Because of this, they are forced to rely on the Government for a meagre supply of rations every week, leaving them malnourished and in poverty.
Constrictive rules such as these do no change throughout the play, so Davis is suggesting that they maybe never will and the Aborigines will continue to live their lives without the freedom to choose or freedom from poverty. The aborigines also suffer because of the attempt to marginalise their culture and traditions. Cultural alienation: the sample s thesis, stories of the pioneers are favoured. Billy’s story of the massacre Corroboree: Jimmy sings his “grandfather song”, showing his connection with land and the stories of his ancestors. Jimmy’s death is a potent symbol of despair and shows the difficult of the voice of resistance.
Jimmy proudly resists the government’s attempt to good definition essays, control the family. He systematically exposes the hypocrisy of the Government, but his addiction to alcohol acutely captures their loss of faith, their soul and master s thesis title page, their degradation. Jimmy’s willingness to stand up for himself is shown when Neville tries to dismiss him and he replies “I’m not wait’ ‘round here all day.” On Australia Day, he insightfully and courageously announces to the entire assembled company at the Moore River Settlement that the write good definition, transfer of master title page his family and other Aborigines to said settlement was “nothin’ to write good, do with bloody scabies” but so “them wetjalas vote for [Jimmy Mitchell],” showing that he is a voice for the Aboriginal people. When he dies of a heart attack after this outburst, it symbolically represents the and courseworks, death of the voice of protest amongst Aborigines and sense of loss of hope for essays, the fight for Indigenous rights. No blankets (no decent burial): symbolic of dehumanisation. Although Davis shows how disheartening life can be for the Aborigines, he also suggests there is hope. One symbol of hope is Joe and Mary’s baby which is named after Jimmy, suggesting that despite the difficulties, the aborigines do survive through sheer determination and cultural pride. Cissie and David also represent the hope for Aborigines in ‘joining’ white society while maintaining their Indigenous heritage through use of English interspersed with Nyoongah words. Gran’s insistence on Cissie and David attending school shows that she understands the importance of and power that comes with learning the dominant language. Sense of humour and fortitude (Gran) and attempt to assimilate as best they can (soap and hygiene/rations) Humour and parody. As Joe and master s thesis title, Mary bid farewell to “each member” with the “fire  burning” and a “magpie squawk[ing]”, Davis suggests that there is hope through reconnecting with their cultural land and origins/spirit (cultural identity through the land) As Billy “hands [Joe] his whip”, Billy seems to redeem himself through the help he offers.
He subverts the white authorities attempts to dehumanise and control him. Topic: How does Jack Davis use language/dramatic techniques to explore cultural differences? the use of good definition essays Aboriginal terms to relate to their own specific lifestyle and subsistence culture. North West Aboriginal language and Billy#8217;s use of creole to best american, relate the massacre. the language of discrimination and prejudice used by white officials to humiliate the aborigines and make them feel inferior and to reinforce cultural superiority of the white society. the language of write good definition power: the legal terms / words that reflect discrimination and differnece: These words show how the laws alienate the aborigines in their country. They do not understand many of the terms that are used to exclude them and shut them away.
Colloquial terms such as #8220;give girl#8221; are used in a derogatory way to refer to the patronising practice of “giving” aboriginal girls to elderly white men; they were used exploited virtually as sex slaves.
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resume thomas rea Cases - assaults - actus reus. D went to write good essays, a railway station looking for V there had been animosity between the two of them. Of Lawvere. There was evidence that V feared serious violence if D found him. Good Definition. V left his train and thesis, was electrocuted trying to good, cross the tracks. There was no evidence that D had issued any threats or that as a result of his demeanour V could have naturally assumed that he was at risk.
Held : There was no unlawful act in i want to be essay, standing on good definition essays a platform looking into essay on local government, trains, and the conviction could not be sustained even if V's belief were true. There was insufficient evidence for a jury to conclude that an assault had been committed. [Assault – exceeding rules of game not always an assault] D caused a serious leg injury during a tackle during an write good essays, amateur football match. The tackle was said to best essays anne, have been late, unnecessary, reckless and write good essays, high up on title the legs.
D stated that that whilst the tackle may well have been ‘hard’, it was a fair sliding tackle in good definition essays, the course of play, resulting in unintended accidental injury. Most sports had their own disciplinary procedures that would cater for improper behaviour on pitch. Physical injury was an inevitable risk of sport, and essay on local self government in india, those participating consented to such injury. Even conduct outside of the rules of the game may not be criminal. An instinctive error, reaction or misjudgement in the heat of a game was not to good definition essays, be equated with criminal activity. ^[Assault – mens rea - specific intent needed for Sec 18] D pushed a girl to of lawvere, the ground, and he and an accomplice attacked those who came to help her. D slashed one man with a razor, causing severe wounds to his head and chest, and definition, was charged with wounding with intent. Per curiam: In directing a jury in relation to a charge under s 18 of 1861 Act it is unnecessary for the judge to explain the meaning of ‘intent’.
He should direct the jury that what has to be proved is. (2) the of lawvere, wounding was deliberate and without justification; (3) it was committed with intent to cause really serious bodily harm, and. (4) the test of the good, intent is i want a counselor essay, subjective. ^[Assault - Sec 18 drunken intent – drunken mens rea] D1 and D2, cousins severely beat D1's father who had gender reassignment and caused the good essays, young men embarrassment. Essay. They had been drinking, and caused her nasty injuries.
Held : Intention to be judged objectively. Not subjectively from the definition essays, stand point of the victim. In a case requiring a specific intent, such as a s 18 offence. Did D have specific intent? D was drunk and that if, because he was drunk, he did not intend or may not have intended to cause the requisite degree of harm, then the defendant is thesis of lawvere, entitled to be acquitted. ^[Assault – jury to write, decide if foresight sufficient to why do i want to be, be intent] D wounded, with intent to cause grievous bodily harm, by write good essays, driving his car directly at american essays anne fadiman, three men. Held : Foresight that serious harm would probably happen is not the same as intention to good essays, cause grievous bodily harm and following R v Moloney , the step from foresight to intention was one of inference to be taken by jesus mean to me essay, the jury not by the judge. On the write good essays, facts of the instant case no reasonable jury could have come to any other conclusion. ^[Assault – inflict GBH includes psychiatric harm] D a naval petty officer inflicted grievous bodily harm to V after she broke off their relationship.
D refused to accept this and best american essays anne, began to follow her, telephone her, write menacing letters to her, and call at write good, her home. V suffered severe clinical depression as a result. Held : Lord Steyn said inflict includes inflicting psychiatric rather than physical injury. Even where no physical violence is applied directly or indirectly to the body of the victim. ^[Assault - ABH - includes psychiatric harm but not emotions – escape case] D subjected V to questioning about the theft of a ring belonging to best essays, D's fiance. D then dragged V upstairs to a room and locked him in. V feared D's return and injured himself when he fell to write essays, the ground escaping through a window.
Actual bodily harm includes psychiatric injury but does not include emotions, such as fear or panic. ABH does not include states of sample master page mind that are not themselves evidence of good definition some identifiable clinical condition. Essay In India. Only expert evidence to write essays, this effect should be made to why do i want, the jury regarding psychiatric injury. Per curiam : the phrase state of mind is unscientific, confusing and should be avoided when considering whether psychiatric injury has been caused. ^[Assault - transmitting disease - not an definition, offence by husband] D knew, but his wife did not know, that he was suffering from gonorrhoea, he had connection with her, that the result was that the disease was communicated to her, and that, had she been aware of his condition, she would not have submitted to american essays anne fadiman, the intercourse. Held : D's conduct did not constitute an offence. ^[Assault - definition of - apprehension of immediate force - mens rea is recklessness or intention - everyday jostling is not assault] D refused to speak to a policewoman. The WPC took hold of D's arm to restrain her. D scratched the WPC's arm.
'An assault is an act which causes another person to apprehend the write good, infliction of what jesus mean to me immediate, unlawful, force on his person; a battery is the actual infliction of unlawful force on another person . any touching of another person, however slight, may amount to battery.' Consent is a defence to battery; and most of the physical contacts of ordinary life are not actionable because they are impliedly consented to by all who move in society and so expose themselves to the risk of bodily contact… it is more common nowadays to treat…everyday jostling…as falling within a general exception embracing all physical contact which is write definition essays, generally acceptable in to be a counselor, the ordinary conduct of daily life. The vicissitudes of everyday life were also considered in Wison v Pringle . ^[Assault - Sec 47 - actus - sufficient proximity -psychological damage from fear of violence - – lose interpretation of good definition ‘immediate’ – can include words alone] D wished to form a relationship with V who did not reciprocate. D followed V sent her more than 800 letters, telephoned her on numerous occasions, only speaking sometimes, watched her house from master s thesis title his car and wrote on her door. V suffered from a clinical state of depression and anxiety. Held : It was not essential that the victim was able to see the potential perpetrator of the definition essays, violence. Conduct accompanying words was capable of making the words an s thesis title page, assault. The fear was of violence sufficiently immediate to write definition essays, be described as the fear of immediate violence.
[Assault - continuing acts, no need to what jesus, specify particular event] D had ended his relationship with Sandra he made silent phone calls, frequently lurked or prowled around outside her flat and allegedly left underneath a dustbin lid on write good definition essays the front doorstep a severed chicken's head on thesis of lawvere a bible. He threatened her by drawing his finger across his throat twice. Before she was due to go on holiday, he telephoned her telling her that she was going to her death and that he could smell burning. The calls could be traced to Lymington and New Milton, not far from where Sandra worked. Medical evidence showed it had caused her actual bodily harm in the forms of write anxiety, depression, distress, insomnia and loss of weight. Held : It is absurd to suggest that the jury should have to consider each telephone call, one by i want, one, but might that the majority of them were made by D, the jury must be asked to apply their common-sense. [Assault - slashing clothes on person is an write definition, assault]
D slashed P's clothes with a knife. Held : It is an assault on a man's person to why do a counselor, inflict injury to the clothes on essays his back. In the ordinary case of a blow on the back there is clearly an assault, even though the blow is received by the coat on the person. ^[Assault - biological GBH] D infected two women with HIV. Why Do I Want To Be Essay. Knowing he was infected he persuaded them to have unprotected sex; he did not warn them that he was infected.
Held : Guilty of causing grievous bodily harm. Sentenced to 8 years. [Assaults – GBH – inflicting HIV is GBH, although consent should be considered by the jury] D was convicted on a retrial because he infected a woman with HIV – so called biological GBH – (s 20). His appeal in 2004 resulted in the retrial, the Court of Appeal ruling that the original trial judge should have allowed the jury to consider consent as a defence. Definition Essays. At the retrial the essay on local, judge followed the Court of essays Appeal ruling at the earlier appeal. 4 ½ years imprisonment was held not to be excessive. ^[Assault – Sec 20 - recklessness and malice (intention) are not the same] D shot V with an air rifle believing that it had run out of pellets.
Magistrates said that he genuinely believed that he had used the essay on local self, last pellet. He ignored the write essays, risk that it might be loaded and so D was reckless. Held : In Caldwell, malice and recklessness were clearly distinguished. To prove malice the prosecution must show D actually foresaw that a particular kind of harm might be done to his victim, in this case he had not. ^[Assault – malicious wounding – mens rea need be proximate to injury – indirect force] D wounded a police officer by releasing his dog and told it to kill that man. The dog went up to P, knocked him over, and bit him on the leg. Best American Fadiman. D argued that the dog's act was the result of its natural exuberance. Held : A charge of write definition essays malicious wounding might in principle be appropriate in thesis, such a case, there is write good definition essays, a need to find some act of the and courseworks, defendant, committed with the necessary mens rea, that had been the write definition, proximate cause of V's injury. The actions of D were not connected to on local, the actions of the dog, if they were the write good essays, dog could be viewed as a weapon. ^[Assault – some actions are not hostile]
Doctors sought permission to on local self government in india, sterilise a 36-year-old woman with a mental age of five, who had become sexually active but who because of her condition she was incapable of giving informed consent; other forms of write definition contraception were inappropriate. ….a man who seizes another and essay on local, forcibly drags him from the path of an oncoming vehicle, thereby saving him from injury or even death, commits no wrong. He doubted any requirement of hostility such as was suggested in Wilson v Pringle : a prank getting out of hand, or an over-friendly slap on the back, or surgery carried out by a doctor who mistakenly thought he had the patient's consent - any touching without lawful excuse, in fact - was capable of being an assault. The vicissitudes of everyday life. Again it is well settled that most of the almost inevitable physical contacts of everyday life: the jostling experienced by travellers on write definition essays public transport or indeed by thesis, pedestrians on busy pavements, the touching to definition essays, obtain attention, the congratulatory slap on the back and the unwelcomely firm handshake: all are lawful. ^[Assault - phone calls - apprehension of immediate force] D's (separate trials) made a large number of telephone calls to women and i want essay, remaining silent when they answered. Definition Essays. A psychiatrist stated that as a result of the repeated telephone calls each of them had suffered psychological damage. Held : Inflict bodily harm as used in sections 20 and 47 included the and courseworks, infliction of psychiatric injury on good another and did not mean that whatever caused the harm had to be applied directly to the victim. An assault might be committed by thesis, words or gestures alone, depending on good essays the circumstances; and that where the of lawvere, making of a silent telephone call caused fear of immediate and unlawful violence; the caller would be guilty of an assault. an assault can consist of any act causing the write good, victim to apprehend an immediate application of government in india force upon her.
The views expressed in Meade Belt's Case , were expressly rejected. The proposition that a gesture may amount to an assault, but that words can never suffice, is unrealistic and indefensible. A thing said is write good, also a thing done , and what to me, there is write good definition, no reason why something said should be incapable of causing an apprehension of immediate personal violence. A telephone caller who says in a menacing way I will be at your door in a minute or two can certainly be guilty of an assault if he causes the victim to apprehend immediate personal violence, and there is no reason why a caller who creates the same apprehension by remaining silent should not also be convicted. ^[Assault - wounding or GBH - actus reus ] D shot V with an air gun. Thesis. The pellet hit V near the eye, resulting in write definition, a bruise below the eyebrow and fluid filling the front of his eye. Held : A wound is sample master s thesis page, a break in the continuity of the write, whole skin; an internal rupturing of the blood vessels is not a wound. Not Guilty of wounding.
[Assault - causing GBH with intent – sentence] Held : Six months' imprisonment, imposed on a rugby player who bit another player's ear during a match between two police teams. ^[Assault - ABH - harm caused indirectly – indirect force] D placed acid in a hot air drier (the nozzle was pointing upwards) to hide it from his teachers at s thesis page, Stowe School. V then used the drier and good essays, the acid caused burns on american anne fadiman his face. Held : Parker LJ: D had. . just as truly assaulted] the next user of the write good definition essays, machine [V] as if [D] had himself switched the machine on. If the jesus mean essay, charge was simply battery, it is not necessary to prove harm.
[Assault – if none, no unlawful act - actus Reus of battery] D and a friend V were playing with a revolver. Good. In the best essays anne fadiman, chamber there were two bullets, but neither was opposite the hammer when D, in jest, pointed the gun at definition essays, V and pulled the trigger. The chamber rotated and V was killed. Held : Since V shared in the joke and did not feel threatened (since both believed the gun to be safe) there was no assault and hence no unlawful act to support D's conviction for manslaughter. ^[Assault - wilfully - action not aimed at police - mens rea ] D wilfully obstructed a police constable in and courseworks, the execution of his duty by good definition, opened the rear door of police van to ask his friend where he was being taken (D and his friend were drunk). Held : A person wilfully obstructed a police constable in the execution of his duty if he deliberately did an act which, though not necessarily aimed at or hostile to the police, in fact prevented a constable from carrying out his duty or made it more difficult for him to do so, and if he knew and intended that his conduct would have that effect; Not Guilty but would be now.
^[Assault and battery - correct indictment] Information alleged that: 'D . did unlawfully assault and batter V.' Held : D's conviction was quashed for duplicity (meaning two bites at the cherry). Section 39 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988, provides that 'common assault and battery shall be summary offences,' deals with two offences, one of assault and the other of i want battery. An allegation that the defendant did 'assault and batter' was, in respect of one event, bad for duplicity. Write Good. The word 'assault' must, by virtue of the what, contrast with 'batter' be taken as used in its pure sense of putting in fear of force Obiter, that in section 47 [Parliament employed] 'assault' as including the write good, use of force, for without force it would only be in a most unusual case that an assault could occasion actual bodily harm. [Assault – threat sufficient – even if means not present] D showed V, a customs officer a replica gun that would not fire in a drawer and told her he would hold her prisoner until money owing him was repaid.
Held : It was enough that V had reasonable cause to fear that force was about to anne fadiman, be inflicted on her; the conditional nature of the implied threat, and the fact that D had neither the means nor the intention of carrying it out, were irrelevant. [Assault includes battery] D detained for shoplifting struggled in the manager's office, and good definition, spat in a police officer's eye. D argued that s40 (power to join in indictment count for common assault) did not cover battery. drafting of the why do i want to be, 1988 Act is a mess, and good definition, they must have meant to include battery in s40 as well as in of lawvere, s39. Battery is essays, hard put to exist independent of assault; there isn't even a verb to express it. So assault in s thesis title page, normal usage includes battery. Henry LJ; stated that the present state of the law concerning non-fatal offences against the person ‘is yet another example of how bad laws cost money and clog up the courts with better things to do’ ^[Assault - wounding or GBH - actus reus ] D returned home in write good essays, a bad temper and in frustration, threw a container containing cleanser at his wife. The cleanser was acid based and badly injured her face. In my opinion . . I Want Essay. . the word 'cause' is wider or at least not narrower than the essays, word 'inflict. Essays. .' Thus, 'causing grievous bodily harm under s 18 … includes 'inflicting grievous bodily harm' under s 20; it was open to a jury to write definition, convict a defendant charged under s 18 of the alternative offence of inflicting grievous bodily harm, contrary to s 20.
Not Guilty of Section 18 Guilty of and courseworks Section 20. [Assault - actus reus of battery = inflicting unlawful personal violence - intentionally or recklessly – indirect force] D, as a joke, placed an iron bar in a theatre across an exit, turned out the lights on a staircase and yelled 'Fire!'. As a result, several people were injured. Lord Coleridge CJ:
The prisoner must be taken to have intended the natural consequences of that which he did. An assault as such was not essential to the offence; some unlawful act and the foresight of harm would be enough. Inflict meant no more than cause and write good definition essays, did not require a face-to-face assault. [Assault – words and thesis, singing not sufficient] D1 and D2 fired a pistol killing V. D1 had angered local boatman by informing the Customs of their smuggling. Definition. The smugglers threatened to come at night and burn down his house. In the middle of the night they came singing songs of menace; Held : No words or singing alone could amount to an assault justifying shooting in self-defence, but invited the best american, jury to consider whether any actions were also performed. D2 was acquitted. Write Good. D1 Guilty manslaughter. ^[Assault - ABH - actus reus - includes injury to state of mind]
D had non-consensual sexual intercourse with his wife, after which she was in a hysterical and nervous condition. 'Actual bodily harm includes any hurt or injury calculated to interfere with the health or comfort of the prosecutor. There was a time when shock was not regarded as bodily hurt, but the does jesus to me, day has gone by when that could be said. It seems to me now that, if a person is write good, caused hurt or injury resulting, not in essays anne, any physical injury, but in an injury to the state of write his mind for the time being, that is within the definition of actual bodily harm. Not Guilty of rape.
^[Assault - amount of force] D a publican wounded V during an attempt to throw him out. Held : A wound was excessive force. ^[Assault - GBH - actus reus - assault, battery – indirect force] D was seized by a woman police officer. The WPC told D she was arresting him. D then dived through a windowpane dragging the WPC through the glass. The WPC suffered serious facial cuts.
Held : Sect 18 requires an unlawful and malicious wounding with intent to resist the lawful apprehension of the person. Not Guilty of Section 18. ^[Assault - GBH - mens rea - intentional or reckless causing of some physical harm] D struck V several times, knocking him unconscious. D's companion had taken money from V. V had seized D by the lapels and thesis, demanded to know where D's companion was. Held : Intention or recklessness as to the wound or GBH need not be proved.
It is enough that [D foresaw] . Good Essays. that some physical harm to some person, albeit of a minor character, might result. The intent expressly required by s 18 of the Offences against the Person Act 1861 is more specific than the element of foresight of consequences implicit in best american essays fadiman, the word 'maliciously' in write good definition, that enactment, and in directing a jury on this offence the word 'maliciously' is best ignored; in the offence of unlawful wounding (Offences Against the Person Act 1861 s 20), the word 'maliciously' imports, on the part of the person who unlawfully inflicts the american anne fadiman, wound or other grievous bodily harm, an awareness that his act may have the consequence of causing physical harm to some other person. Guilty of wounding. [Assault – transferred malice – cannot be transferred to a different offence] D broke a pub window. D picked up a stone and write definition essays, threw it at essays, the group of write men he had been fighting, missed them and broke the window behind them. Held : His malice in intending to strike another person could not be transferred to an intention to break the window. Obiter: He could have been convicted had it been proved that he was reckless, having foreseen the risk of damage to the window. [Assault - mens rea - intention as to consequences] D attacked V with a hammer and strangled her, causing injury.
You must feel sure that the sample page, defendant intended to cause serious bodily harm to the victim. Essays. You can only decide what his intention was by considering all the relevant circumstances and in particular what he did and what he said about it . There is no restriction to cases of virtual certainty.' (citing Lord Bridge in Moloney ) Guilty of Sec 18. [Assault – words accompanied by actions sufficient] D and his men surrounded P, rolling up their sleeves, and threatened to break P's neck if he did not leave. P was a rent collector who entered D's workshop and refused to best, go until the rent was paid. Held : This was an assault: the condition attached to write essays, the threat was not enough to thesis of lawvere, nullify it. [Assault – mens rea – did D (or would D, if sober) foresee the consequences] DD two students lifted another over a balcony and dropped him about 12 feet to the ground, causing him serious injuries. During horseplay following an evening's drinking.
Held : Clarke LJ said that the question was not what another person would have foreseen but what DD themselves would have foreseen had they been sober. ^[Assault - escape cases - ABH - occasioning refers to write good, causation - not the assault] D in thesis, a car with V a not inexperienced 21 year old woman. They were travelling between two parties. D made advances towards V who then jumped out of the write definition, car (travelling at 20 mph), sustaining injuries. Occasioning in ABH relates to causation, and is an objective test. If the (common assault) was intentional there is no need to consider Recklessness. The proper test for occasioning is thesis of lawvere, not whether D actually foresaw the good essays, conduct of the victim which resulted in the actual bodily harm, but whether that conduct could have reasonably been foreseen as the consequence of what he was saying or doing. ABH requires proof of an assault together with actual bodily harm occasioned by the assault. The prosecution are not obliged to on local self, prove that D intended to cause some actual bodily harm or was reckless as to whether such harm would be caused.
The victim's reaction does not break the good definition, chain of causation if it was reasonably foreseeable, that is it was not. . so daft . or so unexpected . that no reasonable man could be expected to foresee it' thereby constituting a novus actus interveniens. ^ [Assault - actus reus - inactivity by essays fadiman, D - an omission can amount to the actus reus of an write good definition essays, assault] D injured a woman police officer by allowing her to search him, knowing he had hypodermic needles in sample master s thesis title page, his pockets which stabbed her. Good Essays. D denied having any needles or sharps when asked. D had “ created a danger by an act … that act was a continuing act ”. The risk of injury was foreseeable. Not guilty but would be now. Comment : The police woman was not infected by HIV or hepatitis present in the defendant's blood. [Assault - meaning of essay self government grievous bodily harm] D, on a road at night, approached a stranger who was sitting resting at the roadside, asked him what the problem was and, when the victim said that there was no problem, D said that he would give him one and write good essays, punched him in the face.
The victim suffered a broken nose and other injuries. Held: The origin of the why do to be essay, phrase really serious injury was DPP v Smith : Bodily harm needs no explanation. ‘Grievous’ means no more and no less than really serious.. A broken nose on any view was serious bodily harm, Commentary (L. Write. Norman Williams, Barrister.)
The word really is, as the Oxford Dictionary has it, used to emphasise the truth or correctness of an on local self government in india, epithet or statement. It means no more than actually or as a matter of fact. In the write good definition essays, context it does not add anything to serious but emphasises to sample master s thesis, the jury that the harm caused must be - actually or really - serious. ^[Assault - ABH - actus reus of ABH and mens rea of common assault - not intention or recklessness] D intentionally threw beer at V (a former girlfriend of good essays her husband). Best. The glass left her hand and struck V, causing a cut. P roughly handled his child, causing the breaking of good essays arms and legs. Held : Throwing the beer would clearly have been an assault. The offence requires an actus reus of assault causing bodily harm and the mens rea for common assault. The intent required in s 47 relates not only to the assault, but also to the consequences of the assault, . maliciously in a statutory crime postulates foresight of consequence.
the physical harm which the defendant intended or foresaw might result to thesis, some person need only good be of a minor character for him to essays and courseworks, be Guilty and it is unnecessary for the Crown to show that he intended or foresaw that his unlawful act might cause physical harm of the gravity described in s 20, ie either wounding or grievous bodily harm. Essays. P Not Guilty of GBH. Guilty of ABH. ^[Assault – actus reus – cutting hair is ABH] D caused actual bodily harm to V by cutting off her pony tail. D went to the home of his ex-partner and sample master s thesis title, cut of her pony tail with kitchen scissors. The magistrates accepted that there was no actual bodily harm; the DPP appealed.
Held : Cutting off a person’s hair amounted to ABH. Harm was not limited to injury to the skin, flesh and bones and extended to hurt and damage. That the write good definition, hair cut was dead tissue was not relevant. Obiter: If paint or some other unpleasant substance were to be put on why do i want to be essay a victim’s hair that would to could amount to actual bodily harm. R v Donovan ; R v Chan-Fook ; R v Stephen Cook (unreported, 28 July 1994, CA) and R (on the good definition essays, application of T) v DPP  considered. ^[Assault - meaning of grievous bodily harm] D trying to escape from the what does jesus to me essay, police in a car was signalled to stop. He did not do so. A PC jumped onto the car’s bonnet. D drove at high speed, swerving from side to good essays, side, until the officer was thrown off and killed.
Held : Viscount Kilmuir LC; I can find no warrant for giving the words “grievous bodily harm” a meaning other than that which the words convey in their ordinary and fadiman, natural meaning. “Bodily harm” needs no explanation and “grievous” means no more and no less than “really serious”. We consider that the essays, same is true of the phrase “actual bodily harm”. These are three words of the English language which require no elaboration and in the ordinary course should not receive any. The word “harm” is a synonym for essays and courseworks, injury. The word “actual” indicates that the injury (although there is no need for it to be permanent) should not be so trivial as to be wholly insignificant. In the first place, the write definition, word bodily does not limit harm to the flesh, skin and title page, bones. The body of the victim includes all parts of his body, including his organs, his nervous system and brain. Bodily injury therefore may include injury to any of those parts of his body responsible for his mental and other faculties.
The phrase actual bodily harm is capable of including psychiatric injury, but it does not include mere emotions such as fear or distress or panic, nor does it include, as such, states of mind that are not themselves evidence of some identifiable clinical condition. The phrase which is often used to write definition essays, explain actual bodily harm – interference with the of lawvere, health or comfort of the victim – is likely to good definition essays, result in the jury thinking that this is sufficient, whether or not any injury has occurred; it should not be used. Guilty of murder. ^[Assault - apprehension of immediate force] D frightened V by essays, looking through her bedroom window late at night. V a policewoman was absolutely terrified, to the extent that she was very nervous and good, jumpy for a few days afterwards. Held : D assaulted V as V apprehended unlawful personal violence. [Assault – mens rea – recklessness – Cunningham] D caused ABH by shooting a 7-year-old girl with an air pistol.
He was firing from the window of his flat, aiming at a target in the yard below. V was playing in the yard D had not known she was there. Held : Recklessness as envisaged in Venna was clearly subjective recklessness (that is, that D foresaw the risk but went ahead regardless), because the judgement in best fadiman, Venna speaks of recklessness and intention as being often almost indistinguishable. [Assault – threatening actions sufficient] D advanced towards V with his fists raised but was stopped by write definition, another person before coming within striking range. Following an argument.
Held : It was enough that V was put in apprehension even though the essay, battery (the actual striking) never occurred. [Assault – no mens rea because of drunkenness] D, in a drunken state stabbed V causing GBH, during a fight outside a pub. He was charged under s.18, but the prosecution and the Recorder accepted a plea to s.20. Held : Although the absence of write good definition mens rea due to sample s thesis title page, drunkenness would be a defence to a crime of specific intent, that drunkenness would have to be very extreme to justify reducing a s.18 offence to write essays, s.20. [Assault – must be indecent - assault is - merest touch] D, a school caretaker assaulted a 12-year-old after taking hold of the hem of her skirt. Held : The act was not inherently indecent and there was no evidence of fadiman circumstances making it so. There could be no dispute that if you touch a person's clothes while he is wearing them, that is good essays, equivalent to essays and courseworks, touching him.
^[Assault - apprehension of good essays immediate force] D struck V causing him to loose an why do a counselor, eye. D had placed his hand on his sword and said to V that, If it were not assize-time, he would tell him more of good his mind. V ‘defended himself’ when there had been no assault, D's response was to and courseworks, remove V's eye. Held : As the judges were in town D would not have used force on V.
No assault, finding for definition, D. [Assault - actus reus of battery] D a schoolboy, in what does mean essay, fun seized the bag over C's shoulder, causing him injury, and C sued for the tort of assault. Held : C must establish an intentional and good essays, hostile touching of one person by another, though not necessarily an intent to injure. A claimant who cannot prove hostility on the defendant's part is likely to fail, because in what does mean essay, a crowded world people must be considered to take upon themselves some risk of injury from the lawful acts of others. ^[Assault - mens rea is write definition, recklessness or intention] D struggled with the police officers who were arresting him. D fell to the ground and lashed out best american essays fadiman wildly with his legs, fracturing a bone in the hand of an officer.
The offence of good definition essays battery is satisfied by proof that the defendant intentionally or recklessly applied force to the person of another. [Assault - words and essays, actions sufficient] D threatened and kicked gatekeeper, calling out Get out the knives. D was found poaching and the gamekeeper tried to arrest him. Obiter: Lord Goddard CJ; Words such as those were capable of being an assault on their own, even without any accompanying acts. Guilty of common assault.
[Assault - ABH. sec 20- actus reus ] D, whilst driving, nearly ran down V. D got out of his car and write essays, punched V in sample master s thesis, the face. Held : An infliction of grievous bodily harm contrary to s 20 may be committed without establishing first an assault. Lord Roskill, citing Salisbury (1976). [G]rievous bodily harm may be inflicted . either where the write good, accused has directly and violently inflicted it by assaulting the victim, or where the accused has inflicted it by doing something, intentionally, which, though it is not itself a direct application of force to s thesis page, the body of the victim, does directly result in force being applied violently to the body of the victim, so that he suffers grievous bodily harm.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and good definition Tips. The SAT has recently undergone some major revisions, and one of the self, biggest changes is good, that its previously required essay is now optional. This can be confusing for some students and master s thesis page parents. Should you take the essay? Will colleges require the essay or not?
Will taking the good essays, essay make your application stronger? Read on and courseworks for answers to all these questions. This guide will explain what the SAT essay is, what the pros and cons of taking it are, and how you can make the good definition, best choice for you. The SAT essay is one of the sections of the SAT. After being required since its inception, the College Board has now decided to what does jesus, make the essay optional. This is similar to the ACT, whose essay has always been optional. During this section, students will be given 50 minutes to write good essays, write an essay. The essay for the new SAT is very different than it was for the previous version of the SAT. You can read all about the changes to thesis, the SAT here, but, as a brief overview, the essay will give you a passage by an author who is essays, taking a stance on an issue.
Your job will be to analyze how the author built that argument. If you choose to take the essay, it will be its own section of the thesis, SAT, and the score you get on the essay will be separate from your score on the rest of the write good definition, exam. Your main SAT score will be out of 1600 while your essay will be graded across three different categories: Reading, Analysis, and page Writing. For each area, your essay will be given a score from 2-8. Below is a sample prompt from one of the official practice tests released by the College Board. Here you can read the entire prompt, including the passages you would need to analyze. Will Colleges Require the SAT Essay Now That It's Optional? So, the good essays, College Board has now made the essay an optional part of the SAT, but does that change how colleges view the thesis of lawvere, essay (or if they even view it at all)? Because the College Board’s decision to make the essay optional is so recent, we can’t be sure exactly how colleges will react.
Some schools have never taken essay scores into consideration while others will still require them. Good! Some schools that used the essays before may no longer require them now that both the american fadiman, ACT and SAT have made the essays optional. Definition! Each school makes this decision individually, so there are no patterns to follow to try and guess who will require the essays fadiman, essay and who won’t. Even top schools like the Ivy League are divided on whether to require the essay or not. This can make things confusing if you’re applying to college soon and don’t know if you should take the SAT essay or not. The following sections of this guide will explain the benefits and drawbacks of write definition essays taking the essay on local self government, essay and write good walk you through different scenarios so you can make an informed decision.
The #1 Consideration: Do Any of the Schools You're Interested in Require the Essay? The absolute most important factor, the factor that matters more than anything else in the rest of this guide, is if any of the schools you’re applying to or thinking of applying to require the best american essays fadiman, SAT essay. The best way to good definition essays, get this information is to Google “[school name] SAT essay requirement” or look directly on what does mean each school’s website, typically under its Admissions page. There the school will list its admissions requirements, including whether or not it requires, recommends, or doesn’t use the SAT essay. If you have trouble finding this information online, just call the good essays, Admissions office; they’ll be able to quickly tell you if the school requires the SAT essay or not. Find this information for every school you plan on applying to, even schools you’re not sure you want to apply to, but are considering. If even one school you’re interested in requires the SAT essay, then you should take it, regardless of any other factors. There is essays, no way to take just the SAT essay by itself, so if you take the SAT without the essay and then, later on, realize you need an essay score for a school you’re applying to, you will have to retake the entire test. So, if a school you’re interested in requires the SAT essay, your choice is clear: take the essay when you take the SAT. However, what if the schools you’re interested in don’t require the essay? If that’s the case, you have some other factors to consider.
Read on! If none of the schools you’re thinking of applying to write, require the essay, SAT essay, why would you want to take it? The two main reasons are explained below. Taking the write definition essays, SAT essay means that, no matter which schools you end up applying to, you will absolutely have all their SAT requirements met. If you decide to apply to why do, a new school that requires the SAT essay, that won’t be a problem because you’ll already have taken it.
If you already are absolutely certain about which schools you’re applying to and none of them require the essay, then this may not be a big deal to essays, you. Master Title! However, if you have a tentative list of schools, and you’ve been adding a school or removing a school from that list occasionally, you may want to be better safe than sorry and take the SAT essay, just in case. Taking the SAT essay means you have all your bases covered, no matter which schools you end up applying to. A Good Score May Boost Your Application Slightly. While it’s highly unlikely that your SAT essay will be the good essays, deciding factor of essays your college application, there are some cases where it can give you a small leg up on the competition. This is the case if a school recommends, but doesn’t require the essay, and that school is particularly competitive. Having a strong SAT essay score to submit may strengthen your application a bit, especially if you are trying to show strong English/writing skills. Drawbacks to write good definition, Taking the thesis, SAT Essay. There are also costs to taking the SAT essay; here are three of the most common: If you choose to take the essay, that means you have an entire extra SAT section to study and prepare for.
If you already feel like you have a ton of SAT prep to do or have doubts about staying motivated, adding on definition more work can make you feel stressed and end up hurting your scores in the other SAT sections. I Want To Be Essay! Taking the essay will, obviously, increase the total time you spend taking the SAT. You’re given 50 minutes to write the essay, and, including time needed for students not taking the essay to leave and things to get settled, that will add about an hour to write definition essays, the test, increasing your total SAT test time from about three hours to four hours. If you struggle with keeping focused or staying on your A game during long exams (and, let’s be honest, it’s not hard to lose concentration after several hours of answering SAT questions), adding an additional hour of test time can reduce your test-taking endurance and make you feel tired and distracted during the essay, likely making it hard for what to me essay, you to get your best score. Taking the SAT with the write definition, essay will also cost you a bit more money. Taking the why do to be a counselor essay, SAT without the essay costs $43.00, but if you choose to take the essay, it costs $11.50 extra, raising the total cost of the SAT to $54.50. However, if you're eligible for an SAT fee waiver, the waiver also applies to this section of the exam, so you still won't have to pay anything if you choose to take the essay. Taking the essay likely means the cost of write good taking the SAT will be slightly higher for you. Should You Take the SAT Essay?
Five Scenarios to Help You Decide. Now you know what the SAT essay is and the pros and cons of taking it. So, what should you decide? Five scenarios are listed below; find the one that applies to your situation and follow the advice in order to make the best decision for you. Essay Self Government! Scenario 1: You're planning on applying to at least one school that requires the essay. As mentioned above, if even one school you’re thinking about write essays applying to sample s thesis title, requires the SAT essay, you should take it in order to avoid retaking the entire SAT again at a later date because you need an essay score.
Scenario 2: None of the schools you're applying to look at write good definition essays essay scores. If none of the schools you’re thinking about applying to even look at essays and courseworks SAT essay scores, then you shouldn’t take it. Even if you get a perfect score, if the schools don’t consider essay scores, then taking it will have no benefits for you. Scenario 3: The schools you're applying to don't require the SAT essay and good aren't highly competitive. In this case, you don’t need to take the SAT essay, unless you’re trying to make up for i want to be essay, weak writing skills in other parts of your application. Scenario 4: The schools you're applying to recommend the SAT essay and are more competitive. For this scenario, you should take the SAT essay in order to give your application an good essays extra boost, unless you really think you’d perform poorly or preparing for and taking the essay would cause your scores in other sections to decline. Scenario 5: You aren't sure where you're going to apply yet.
If you’re not sure which schools you want to apply to, then you should take the SAT essay, just to i want essay, be safe. This way you’re covered no matter where you end up applying to college. If the thought of figuring out which colleges to good essays, apply to what does jesus mean to me essay, has you as confused as this blue panda, your safest option is to take the SAT essay. Because of the College Board’s recent decision to make the SAT essay optional, students are now faced with the decision of write good definition whether they should take it or not. The best way to decide is to sample master title page, learn the essay policy for each of the good, colleges you're interested in applying to.
Some schools will still require the essay, some won’t even look at an applicant’s essay scores, and other schools don’t require the essay but will look at essay on local self government your score if you do take it. Use these school policies to good, help decide whether you should take the essay. Remember, if you end up needing to submit an essay score, you will have to retake the entire SAT, so make sure you have accurate and up-to-date information for best, each school you are thinking of applying to. Want to learn more about how the new SAT is different from the previous version? Check out our complete guide to the new SAT! Want more examples of write essays sample prompts?
Here are all of the real SAT essay prompts that have been released by and courseworks the College Board. Write! Want to improve your SAT score by fadiman 160 points? We've written a guide about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at write good essays improving your score. Master Page! Download it for definition essays, free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University.
In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on what does jesus to me the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on good Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep?
Check out master title our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the good essays, latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved. SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board TM . The College Entrance Examination. Thesis! Board TM does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in write good, any way with the owner or any content of this site.
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Essay On Indian Cricket Team Essays and Research Papers. Mr. Consistent-Rahul Dravid, the man at the helm of write good definition essays, Indian cricket is the cynosure of all eyes with the Indian . cricket team eyeing the 2007 World Cup title this March in of lawvere, the West Indies. Born on 11 January 1973 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, he grew up in write good definition essays, Bangalore and hit the headlines when he scored a century on debut for his school team and essays, a double century for the Karnataka under-15 cricket team against write good definition essays, the Kerala under-15 cricket team . Why Do A Counselor! He made his Ranji debut in 1991 against write essays, Maharashtra. Chemistry , Cricket , Cricket World Cup 1390 Words | 6 Pages. relationship between cricket and thesis, politics is clearly portrayed in South Asia from write good definition, 1880 to 2005 through the easing of the tension between . different caste members, although the tension eased was not always from a religious aspect between the Pakistanis, Indians , and and courseworks, the British. The different problems that arose in good essays, South Asia was mostly class or caste systems (Docs 2, 3, 4), rivalry (Docs 1, 6, 10), and religious tensions (Docs 5, 7, 8, 9) against the different countries and cricket teams . Cricket in many ways. Caste , Cricket , Hinduism 1303 Words | 4 Pages.
Cricket and the Indian Woman Women’s interest in cricket is best essays anne fadiman, a sudden development, propelled mostly by the . advertisements projecting cricketers as demigods. In the year 2003, model and actress Mandira Bedi became popular for good hosting a cricket -discussion program during the World Cup cricket matches. Her immense popularity had little to best american essays anne fadiman do with her knowledge about cricket and more with the plunging neckline of her saris and the unavoidable amount of good essays, cleavage on exhibit. Today, women are seen cheering. Bowling , Cricket , Cricket ball 1275 Words | 4 Pages. ? CRICKET - A RELIGION IN INDIA Cricket : It is the word that gives my whole body an adrenaline rush. It is not just a game. It’s . a religion. There’s only on local government in india, one religion that I follow, and good, that’s Cricket . I believe in only one god, that’s Sachin Tendulkar.
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Overview Twenty20 cricket , often referred to as the “short game” involves each team only playing a single innings, batting each . for a maximum of what jesus essay, 20 overs. Essays! The timespan of a typical Twenty20 game is just under 3 hours, each innings therefore lasting 75 mins, and this brings the what jesus mean, game more in line with other popular sports such as football or rugby. The game was conceived by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) with the aim of creating a faster and write definition, more exciting version of cricket . Why Do I Want To Be A Counselor! The board stressed. 2007 ICC World Twenty20 , Cricket , ICC World Twenty20 1273 Words | 4 Pages. article on Cricket Vs Other Games in India ” will boost your confidence to be successful in Essay Writting Test: It’s bitter . but very true that one single game blotting many others games in India. Cricket fever overshadowed our national sport Hockey. There is no question of any debate that cricket is killing other sports in our country. Indians eat, live, sleep, talk and walk cricket . Theoretically we all know that hockey is our national game but in practical vision its cricket maniac all over.
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Cricket , Cricket World Cup , Dismissal 1901 Words | 5 Pages. between cricket and West Indian Social and good definition essays, Political life” Cricket has been intertwined in the life of West . Indians since it arrived in the islands. It has been a representation of injustice and prejudice as well as a conduit for essays social and political triumph in good definition essays, the West Indies. The development of i want a counselor essay, cricket , as not just another game, mirrors the question for decolonization from Britain and also the write essays, struggles of essays anne, nationalist and independence endeavors. Throughout its lifespan, the West Indies cricket team. British West Indies , Caribbean , Cricket 983 Words | 3 Pages.
Cricket (game), a high-scoring outdoor bat-and-ball game played between teams of 11 players that originated in England over 500 . years ago. A team sport exceeded in popularity worldwide only by soccer and basketball, cricket can be found in over 120 countries. The game has been played in the United States since the early 18th century. II. EQUIPMENT AND PLAYING AREA Cricket Basics Cricket Bowler Bob Willis Cricket Pitch Cricket Bowler Bob Willis.
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This issue could be better. Cricket , Cricket World Cup , England cricket team 1296 Words | 4 Pages. Cricket , also called the Gentleman's game, is a bat-and-ball team sport that is first documented as being played in southern . England in the 16th century. The sport's earliest definite mention was in a 1598 court case which referred to a sport called cricket being played by boys at the Royal Grammar School, Guildford around 1550. It is believed that it was originally a children's game but references around 1610, indicate that adults had started playing it and the earliest reference to inter-parish. Batting , Cricket , Cricket World Cup 1372 Words | 4 Pages. of this version of cricket shows, in the country which is now called to be the Mecca of cricket , IPL with its star lit, glamour . rapped extravaganza is likely to become the write essays, talk of the time. This year after the heavy crash of jesus mean essay, Indian squad's fighter jet in Australia, there had been a sudden drop of public interest in cricket but once the write, news of the auction of the on local self, players reached the good essays, media, the cricket fever started to spread.
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Chennai Super Kings , Deccan Chargers , Delhi Daredevils 1634 Words | 5 Pages. Slogans On India Of My Dreams Essays. ?Top of Form Bottom of Form Slogans on India Of My Dreams Essays and Term Papers Top of Form Bottom of Form Top of Form Bottom of write good definition, Form My . India My Dream the dream of every citizen of a country, to see that the country develops with no negative systems or ideas or beliefs. It is my dream and my vision that India would be the most powerful and developed nation in the world in near future. India will be a golden bird of the coming years. What Mean To Me! In my dreams more. Definition Essays! Vision of My Dream India International. Artificial intelligence , Carl Jung , Cricket 1194 Words | 4 Pages. India Winning the 2012 Cricket World Cup. West Indies and unknown in most parts of the essays fadiman, world.
But in India, cricket is definition essays, religion. here may be many religions in what, this secular . country called India, but it is write definition essays, said that cricket unites Indians better than any religion can ever do.it is cricket that enjoys supremacy in terms of on local self government in india, fan following. Good Essays! With millions of ardent followers, cricket is the ‘religion’ of essays anne fadiman, India. ‘Men in write good definition essays, Blue’ are absolutely adored by the crazy cricket fans and their fame outshines the popularity of any other celebrity. Of Lawvere! From. 2007 Cricket World Cup , Cricket , Cricket World Cup 1145 Words | 3 Pages. Cricket Between British and Indians. think that a game like cricket would play into definition essays the politically life? Well in South Asia it played a major role. What Essay! Cricket gave the . people a way out to stop thinking of the hard ships but rise up and play against the upper classes and good definition essays, play them as equals and essay self in india, many cases beat them which bought pride to the people. Write Definition! By them having cricket it was a bit of a stress reliever and a barrier to hold off fighting.
This game gave people something to look up to and be happy about. From cricket players and experts. Cricket , Game , Government 663 Words | 2 Pages. Olympics and world meets. Essay On Local! Even the hockey crown has slipped out of India’s hands in recent years. India cast its spell of hockey supremacy over a period . Write Definition Essays! beyond three decades. The sports-minded European and other nations subsequently caught up with the Indian techniques. With partition Pakistan emerged as a formidable rival in the sub-continent itself. Earlier, between the Amsterdam Olympiad in 1928 and the Rome Games in 1960 India had a monopolistic hold on the World’s hockey crown.
Hockey The name. Caribbean , Cricket , India national cricket team 1365 Words | 5 Pages. Is This Cricket World Cup a Balance of thesis, Power?? The game of cricket , played at a leisurely pace then at good, the Test and of lawvere, county level, was on verge of going through a transition with the . introduction of limited-over’s games at the county level. Just about then, the first ever One-day International was played between England and Australia at the MCG in 1971.
The popularity of this shorter format of good definition, cricket was catching at such a brisk pace that the authorities controlling the game had to bring in something different to make the game a lot more entertaining. Cricket , Cricket World Cup , FIFA World Cup 1452 Words | 4 Pages. Bend It Like Beckham Essay KaTsun Tsang Gurinder Chadha has used dialogue to show the difference posed by opposing cultures. And most . Does Mean! particular, Jesminder Bhamra (or ‘Jess’ as she is commonly known), is good definition, made to overcome the complications of wanting to both appease her traditional Sikh family, and her constant internal struggle as she tries to achieve her goal of becoming a football player, like her idol David Beckham. Gurinder Chadha’s dialogue is used to show the resistance Jess has to essays and courseworks face. Bend It Like Beckham , Gurinder Chadha 765 Words | 3 Pages. Indies during the first half of the 20th century. Cricket today, as it has been said many times, is not what it used to be. Unfortunately . many young West Indians know very little of what is once was and what it stood for, they take for granted the techniques and its origins.
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2007 Cricket World Cup , 2011 Cricket World Cup , Cricket 1181 Words | 5 Pages. French and Indian War Essay The French and Indian War (or the Seven Years War), one of the why do i want to be a counselor, bloodiest wars in the . 18th century, took place from 1756 to 1763. This war was the product of an imperial struggle between France and England over colonial land, wealth, and some say to write definition even prove dominance within their rivalry. France and England were the thesis of lawvere, “world leaders” at this time and write good definition essays, with the start of the and courseworks, 13 colonies in North America, they both saw a great opportunity to expand land holdings and to spread. Canada , Europe , French and Indian War 731 Words | 2 Pages. | |Nationality: | Indian . | |Language Known: |English, Hindi, Gujarati | |Hobbies: |Reading books,playing Cricket ,Photography, Listening Music. Write! | |Strengths: . Microsoft , Microsoft Windows , Operating system 269 Words | 3 Pages. 20-20 Will Eclipse Traditional Cricket.
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2008 Summer Olympics , Better , Cricket 1256 Words | 4 Pages. How Race effects participation in write good definition essays, cricket. ? Research Project How Race effects participation In Cricket This . Essays Anne! project will explore the good definition essays, impact race has on competitive male club cricket . Sample Master S Thesis Title! Race is write good essays, defined as: “A concept which signifies and symbolizes social conflicts and interests by sample master title page referring to different types of human bodies”. Racial groups in society are based on write, certain biological or cultural characteristics, which are labelled as inferior by dominant groups in society. Anthropology , Bangladesh national cricket team , Cricket 2315 Words | 9 Pages. BEYOND the BASICS: CRICKET STRATEGIES The Art and Strategy of Batting Just as Pitching controls the game of baseball, BATTING controls . the game in cricket . So, you must start with batting to essays understand cricket strategy. Recall that, in good definition essays, cricket , the batter (or BATSMAN) can hit in every direction, all around him. I Want To Be A Counselor Essay! He uses many different kinds of strokes to do this. driving with a full golf-like swing to hit straight ahead or slightly to left or right, pulling or hooking to write good definition essays hit the. Baseball , Baseball positions , Batting 2621 Words | 7 Pages. HST 219 Bend it like Beckham Term Essay HST 219 Bend it like Beckham Essay What a blonde!
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Written by: - SHAHZAD IFTIKHAR Contact # 0313-7891989, 0333-5319544 e-mail: [email protected] website: www.onlineislamabad.com ENGLISH FOR CLASS 6TH . TO 8TH CLASS ( ESSAYS ) ============================================================ QUAID-E-AZAM Date of Birth: Quaid-e-Azam was born on 25th December 1876 at Karachi Fathers Name: His father name was Jinnah Poonja. He was a rich merchant of Karachi. Early Education: He received his early education from Karachi. He passed his Matriculation. Islam , Karachi , Lahore 1068 Words | 3 Pages. ?PE ASSIGNMENT TOPIC: CRICKET DONE BY: NEETHI T. 9B INTRODUCTION Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two . teams of 11 players each on a field at the centre of which is write definition, a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. Each team takes its turn to bat, attempting to score runs, while the other team fields. Essays And Courseworks! Each turn is known as an innings. Cricket was first played in southern England in write definition essays, the 16th century. Essays! By the end of the definition essays, 18th century, it had developed to be the national sport of England. Baseball , Batting , Cricket 2574 Words | 8 Pages.
? Team Work Team work is does, defined as the process of working collaboratively with a group of people in order to definition achieve a goal. A . successful team involves individuals who can work well together, trying their best in any circumstance to achieve that one main goal that they have set out to achieve. Teamwork means that people will try to cooperate, using their individual skills and providing constructive feedback, despite any personal conflict between among themselves. In every team , all members should. 1035 Words | 4 Pages. ? Team Building Team building is american essays anne fadiman, very important for many reasons and there are certain things that a team must . have to work efficiently. A team is a group of good essays, people that have common goals and work together effectively to achieve them.
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This event tests all their physical and emotional boundaries of endurance (Max, 2006). This is a very popular program among Seagate. Queenstown, New Zealand , Seagate Technology , Team 1449 Words | 4 Pages. East Indian Culture Course Number: 1409 Instructor: Melanie K. Hail February 12, 2013 The term culture has many definitions depending . upon and courseworks, the type of culture that you are referring to. In this situation; culture, is defined as the integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief and behavior that depends upon the capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to future generations. I believe that culture of an essays, ethnic group starts at anne fadiman, the beginning of write essays, time before people understood that their. Extended family , Family , Health care 861 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis of Downfall of Pakistan Cricket- by Adnan Khalid Chemical Engr- Mba( Operations Management), Ibm-Uet, Lahore.
of Pakistan cricket Submitted By ; Chemical Engr Adnan Khalid Submitted to : Prof Suhail Rizvi . Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) : is the publicaly owned, governing authority for the regulation of Cricket in of lawvere, pakistan. A Brief History of good, Pakistan Cricket and Pakistan. Cricket , Cricket World Cup , ICC World Twenty20 2525 Words | 7 Pages. to work together as a team . This could be an what does jesus mean to me essay, informal event, like a social or a group, or at formal work. The formal work environments often . need to write good definition essays co-operate with each other, linking individuals who have some different techniques or similar skills in order to achieve a common goal. Sample S Thesis Page! In the team , the members need communicate with other team member frequently. Communication is an good, essential activity that can exchange of thoughts, messages or information through the whole team . What Mean! Sometimes, if the member. Human resource management , Leadership , Management 1867 Words | 6 Pages. Erik Wilson Indian Culture Paper History Ms. Saliche 2/11/12 The Art of Indian Dance: Bharatanatyam “Dance is . the hidden language of the soul.” Dance is something way more than just fist-pumping at some party. Dance has deep meaning; it is an art form that can range from the write essays, simplest of essay self government in india, steps to the most intricate set of moves.
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Racism and. Education , High school , Indigenous peoples of the write essays, Americas 998 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Indian constitution:- The Indian Constitution, which stands for national goals like Democracy, Socialism, Secularism and . National Integration, was framed by the representatives of Indian people after a long period of debates and discussions. It is the most detailed constitution in the world. No other constitution has gone into such minute details as the Indian Constitution. Essays And Courseworks! The Constitution of India was framed by a Constituent Assembly which was established in 1946.
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Conservation of natural resources Essay. The term “resource” means anything that we use from our environment to write definition essays achieve our objective. For example, we require bricks, cement, iron, wood etc. to construct a building. All these items are called the resources for construction of building. Are source can be defined as „any natural or artificial substance, energy or organism, which is used by best essays anne, human being for its welfare.
These resources are of two types: 1.Natural resources. CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES the write essays human population is continuously growing the consumption of natural resources is also increasing. With the increasing industrialization and urbanization of the modern human society, the use of all the resources is rising. If they are not properly used and well managed, a serious scarcity will result. Therefore we need to conserve the natural resources. This will also upset the of lawvere ecological balance. Conservation is the proper management of good definition, a natural resource to prevent its exploitation, destruction or degradation. Conservation is the sum total of activities, which canderive benefits from natural resources but at the same time prevents excessive use leading to destruction or degradation. Need for essay self, Conservation of Natural Resources We know that nature provides us all our basic needs but we tend to overexploit it. If we go on exploiting the nature, there will be no more resources available in future.
There is an urgent need to conserve the nature. Some of the needs are: ?to maintain ecological balance for supporting life.?To preserve different kinds of species (biodiversity).?To make the resources available for present and future generation.?To ensure the survival of human race. Conservation of Natural Resources and Traditions of India. The need for conservation of natural resources was felt by our predecessors and in India; there was a tradition of respecting and preserving the nature and natural resources. Natural resources were conserved in the form of sacred groves/forests, sacred pools and lakes, sacred species etc. In our country the conservation of write good definition, natural forests is known from the time of Lord Asoka. Sacred forests are forest patches of different dimensions dedicated by i want to be a counselor, the tribal to their deities and ancestral spirits.
Cutting down trees, hunting and other human interferences were strictly prohibited in these forests. This practice is wide spread particularly in peninsular, central and eastern India and good definition essays has resulted in the protection of a large number of plants and animals and. Similarly, several water bodies, e.g., Khecheopalri Lake in of lawvere Sikkim was declared sacred by write definition essays, people, thus, protecting aquatic flora and fauna. Thesis Of Lawvere. Worshipping certain plants like banyan, peepal, tulsi etc. has not only preserved them but also encouraged us for their plantation. History recalls numerous instances where people have laid down their lives in protecting the trees. Recent Chipko movement in India is write definition, one of the best examples. This movement was started by the women in Gopeshwar village in Garhwal in the Himalayas.
They stopped the felling of trees by hugging them when the lumbermen arrived to cut them. This saved about 12000 square kilometers of the sensitive water catchment Conservation of Soil In the previous section we learnt about the various causes of soil erosion. Soil loses its fertility due to erosion. So we need to conserve the soil. Why Do I Want A Counselor. Soil conservation means checking soil erosion and improving soil fertility by adopting various methods. Let us know some of thesemethods.1. Maintenance of soil fertility: The fertility can be maintained by write definition essays, adding manure and fertilizers regularly as well as by rotation of crop.2. Control on grazing: Grazing should be allowed only on the areas meant for it and on local self in india not on agricultural land.3. Definition Essays. Reforestation: Planting of trees and vegetation reduces soil erosion by both water and wind.4. Sample Master S Thesis Page. Terracing: Dividing a slope into several flat fields to control rapid runoff water.
It is practiced mostly in hilly areas.5. Contour ploughing: Ploughing at good essays right angles to the slope allows the furrows to trap water and check soil erosion by rain water. And Courseworks. Conservation of Water Conservation and management of water are essential for the survival of mankind, plants and animals. This can be achieved adopting the following methods: 1. Growing vegetation in the catchment areas, which will hold water in the soil and allow it to percolate into write good essays deeper layers and contribute to formation of why do i want a counselor essay, ground water.2. Constructing dams and reservoirs to regulate supply of water to the fields, as well as to enable generating hydroelectricity.3.
Sewage should be treated and only the clear water should be released into the rivers.4. Industrial wastes (effluents) should be treated to prevent chemical and thermal pollution of fresh water.5. Judicious use of water in our day-to-day life. Rainwater harvesting should be done by storing rainwater and recharging groundwater. Conservation of Biodiversity Now you have an idea of the importance of biodiversity for our survival and how it is destroyed. Let us know how to protect the biodiversity. There are two basic strategies for conservation of biodiversity:(i) In-situ conservation(ii) Ex-situ conservation(i) In-situ (on site) conservation includes the protection of write definition essays, plants and animals within their natural habitats or in what does jesus mean essay protected areas.
Protected areas are areas of land or sea dedicated to protection and maintenance of biodiversity. For example: e.g., National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Biosphere Reserves, etc. (ii) Ex-situ (off site) conservation is the conservation of plants and animals outside their natural habitats. These include Botanical Gardens, Zoo, Gene Banks, DNA Banks, Seed Banks, Pollen Banks, Seedling and Tissue Culture etc. Definition Essays. Conservation of thesis, Forests is an important part of the write definition essays environment, because trees clean the what jesus essay air and keep the atmosphere cool. We cannot live without plants, because the essays oxygen need for breathing is produced by plants. Trees absorb sunlight and reduce the heat. Plants provide fodder for why do to be essay, animals, firewood, timber, medicines, honey, wax, gum, lac and write good food for us. Tree roots penetrate deep into the soil and from cavities in the ground. The dry leaves which fall on ground cover the soil and absorb more rain water, which slowly percolates through the and courseworks soil. Thus, a large portion of the rain water can be retained in the field, by planting more trees. Flooding or rivers can be prevented by protecting trees in the forest.
For the good definition conservation of forests, following methods can be taken: (a) Conservation of forest is why do i want to be a counselor, a national problem so it must be tackled with perfect coordination between forest department and other departments. (b) Peoples participation in the conservation of forests is of vital importance. So, we must get them involved in this national task.(c) The cutting of trees in write the forests must be stopped at all costs.(d) Afforestation or special programmes like Van Mahotsava should be launched on grand scale.(e) Celebrations of american, all functions, festivals should precede with tree-plantation.(f) Cutting of timber and other forest produce should be restricted.(g) Grasslands should be regenerated.(h) Forest conservation Act 1980 should be strictly implemented to check deforestation.(i) Several centers of definition, excellence have been setup and awards should be instituted. LEGISLATION FOR CONSERVATION various acts and laws have been passed in Indian constitution for conservation of natural resources. Some of them are: Environment Protection Act, 1986. Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980? National Forest Policy, 1988. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 and amended in essay on local government in india 1991 13. What is Environment? Our Environment is our surrounding.
This includes living and essays non-living things around us. The non-living components of environment are land, water and air. The living components are germs, plants, animals and people. All plants and animals adjust to the environment in essays which they are born and live. A charge in any component of the essays environment may cause discomfort and affect normal life. Any unfavorable change or degeneration in the environment is known as ‘Environmental Pollution. We need to protect our environment to live happily. 14. How to Maintain a Good Environment? For better environment, all its components should be protected from pollution and the surroundings should be clean. We need to take good care of of lawvere, our land, water resources, forests and atmosphere.
It is also necessary to ensure a balance between these resources and living creatures, to meet our needs. Good Definition Essays. 15. What Role can Children Play in thesis Preventing Environment Pollution? Children in write definition essays rural and master s thesis urban areas can play an important role in preventing environment pollution very effectively there is great satisfaction in doing it ourselves. Good. 16. What Can Rural Children do? Children in essays village can persuade their parents to: Use smokeless chulhas or install biogas plants; Provide smoke outlets and ventilation in the kitchen; Tie livestock outside the house and reduce their number. Feed livestock in their sheds without letting them out for grazing;
Plant trees around the house, on field bunds and along roadsides; – Develop filed bunds across the slope the write good essays retain more water and and courseworks prevent the soil being washed away. Plough the field across the write essays slope; Keep tanks, canals and other water sources clean; Use the sewage water for growing trees; Keep the surroundings of the essays and courseworks house and well clean;
Prepare compost by using garbage, dung and other wastes; Select a suitable site for the toilet, away from water sources and houses. It can also be connected to the biogas plant; Use agro-chemicals carefully and try to avoid them. Plant products may be preferred wherever effective to protect crops; protect wildlife like frogs, snakes, mongoose, birds, etc. 17. What Can Urban Children do? Urban children can do a lot to reduce environment pollution.
Plant tress in school and home premises. Even if you are staying in a flat, plants and write creepers can be raises in pots and wooden boxes, in the balcony; Protect the trees planted along roadsides; Keep public areas clean and avoid littering; Plant trees along roadsides, near bus stops, around playgrounds, and in self parks to provide shade; Avoid dumping garbage on the street. Dispose them in a garbage dump; you can also make a compost pit to convert garbage into manure;
Waste paper, plastic, glass and metal pieces can be recycled this would reduce the pollution and write good essays conserve our resources; Avoid using plastic materials such as plates and essays and courseworks carry bags which cannot be used again. Moreover, when plastic is thrown away, it does not degrade but remains in write the soil, polluting the surroundings; Do not make noise in public places; every likes quiet surroundings; Request your family members to use automobiles only when necessary; walking or cycling can be a pleasure when the distance is short; If someone is causing pollution in your area, inform the authorities through your teachers or parents. 18. We can protect our environment in many ways. Let us act now and government persuade others to join us.
This will ensure safety for our future generations. Nature has provided bountiful resources surrounding us for sustenance of a better life. Write. Thus, any part of our natural environment such as land, water, air, minerals, forest, grassland, wildlife, fish or even human population that man can utilize to promote his welfare, may be considered as Natural Resources. These resources, along with human resources and on local self government capital, play a crucial role for expansion to national output which ultimately drives towards economic development. Hence, the existence or the absence of definition, favorable natural resources can facilitate or retard the process of economic development. Natural resources include land, forests, wildlife resources, fisheries, water resources, energy resources, marine resources, and mineral resources. These resources are usually known to essays and courseworks man. But nature possesses more in its bosom which is still undiscovered.
For example, the vast resources of write essays, solar, wind, tidal and geothermal energy are yet to be fully discovered and utilized. Man is required to master title develop scientific techniques for their proper utilization. Out of all those natural resources, some are exhaustible or nonrenewable type such as minerals and oils which can be used only one time. Once exhausted, they are depleted completely. But some others, like land, water, fisheries and essays forests are renewable or non-exhaustible in nature. If proper care is taken, they can be utilized endlessly. Hence for sustainable development, careful use of the exhaustible resources and maintenance of the quality of renewable resources are needed. For that, certain objectives should be followed.
Objectives for Natural Resources Development. (i) Conversation of renewable resources and economic use of exhaustible resources for sustainable development. (ii) Multipurpose use for resources, (iii) Much emphasis should be given on development of non-conventional energy resources, (iv) Economic use of resources to achieve minimum waste. (v) Environmental impact assessment for new projects. (vi) Nature of balance should not be disturbed through exploitation of natural resources. (A) Land Resources. The total land area of why do i want to be, India is of 32, 87,262 sq. km. But statistical information is available for only 93 per cent of total area.
Out of this the productive or cultivable land is only 47 per write good definition essays, cent. Rest 19 per of lawvere, cent comes under forest, 9 per cent as fallow lands, 11 per cent as cultivable waste land and essays others. Figures of availability of sample s thesis page, arable land per capita reveal that India is not favorably placed in this respect. When India accounts for 15 per cent of world population, it possesses only write good definition essays 2.4 per essays and courseworks, cent of the land surface of the world. Hence efforts should be taken to increase cultivable area. Good Essays. Now it is trying to add fallow lands and cultivable waste lands which account for 20 per cent to net area sown and to increase the area under double cropping using modern scientific techniques. (B) Forest Resources. Forests are an important renewable natural resources that contribute substantially to economic development.
They provide raw materials to a number of important industries, namely, matchboxes, paper, newsprint, rayon, furniture, construction, tanning etc. Apart from timbers and woods, forests are rich sources of varieties of valuable plants for medicine, spices, dyes, bamboo, canes, grasses, lac, gums, tanning materials etc. From checking of in india, wood and soil erosion to wild life protection, rainfall, human recreation, water sheds and balance of essays, nature, forests play a major role in enhancing quality of environment. Anne. The total area under forest is of 752.9 laky hectares which is 19 per cent of the total geographic are. This area is gradually decreasing year after year due to deforestation. On the basis of legal status forests are classified into (i) reserved (53%) (ii) protected (30%) and write (iii) unclasped (17%) forests. Forest area is concentrated in few States like Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and a few union territories, but it is deficient in northern India.
There is a need to develop forest areas in the entire country. (C) Forest Policy. The forest area is decreasing very fast day by day. Hence the Government of and courseworks, India declared its forest policy in 1952 to increase the forest areas. According to this policy, it was decided to raise steadily the forest area to 33 per cent for the country as a whole, 60 per cent area under the forests for hilly regions and for plains to bring this area to 20 per write good definition, cent. And Courseworks. The 1952 forest policy was again revised in 1988 and the main objective of the revised forest policy of 1988 is. Protection, Conservation and Afforestation. It emphasizes on: (i) Substantial increase in forest/tree cover through massive forestation and social forestry programmes. (ii) Maintenance of environmental stability through preservation and restoration of ecological balance. Good Essays. (iii) Conservation of natural heritage. (iv) Check on soil erosion and denudation in catchment areas of rivers, lakes and reservoirs. (v) Check on extension of sand dunes in desert areas of Rajasthan. (vi) Steps to what mean essay meet requirements of fuel wood, fodder and minor forest produce of rural and tribal populations. (vii) Increases in definition productivity of forests to meet national needs. (viii) Steps to generate massive people’s awareness to achieve objectives and minimize pressure on existing forests. The Department of Forest, Government of India has given much emphasis on Afforestation and development of waste lands, reforestation and plantation in the existing forest, prohibition of grazing and elimination of forest contractors. University/College: University of does mean, Chicago.
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