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c resume tcl tk vhdl Resume keywords summary: Senior Digital ASIC/ FPGA design Engineer. Profile/Cover Letter: MUTHANNA A. ABDULHUSSEIN. 977 54, Lule, Sweden, Born in paul schrader 23/11/1980. Research Engineer, Senior Digital Design Engineer, NOC Technical Support. About Trade. Summary of Qualifications. Paul Schrader Notes On Film Noir Essay. 4 Years experience in ASIC/FPGA design, ASIC verification, ASIC back-end, board design and making decision, embedded software development. Extensive experience in video/imaging/graphics technologies and architectures.
Strong knowledge in schrader notes noir digital video and essay- wedding, graphics hardware IP design. Designing, testing, debugging ASICs, FPGAs, DSPs, Microprocessors, providing technical leadership and critical technical ASIC/FPGA projects. Hands on the steps required by the ASIC/FPGA flows, as front end work, in order to properly tape out a design - system architecture, RTL design, RTL coding and verification, synthesis, STA analysis, running verplex, CDC, nLint, scan insertion, BIST logic integration, gate level simulations, lab bring-up/debugging etc. Good knowledge on 2D/3D graphics, LCD algorithm, Northbridge, Southbridge, superIO, SOC, digital camera interface chips and analysis using Verilog and SVA. Front-end RTL Design, Development, Simulation, Synthesis, Verification for both ASIC and FPGA designs.
I have extensively used Verilog and notes, VHDL for designing CPU-GPU Processor, MPEG Decoder, and PCI/PCI-Express. Experience in Front end hardware RTL design, simulation, synthesis, timing analysis, verification using Verilog, VHDL,C/C++, SpecmanE, SystemC ,Perl ,Tcl/TK for ASIC/FPGA. VHDL design and verification of a visual 2D Renderer hardware IP. VHDL design of the DSP functions (multi-channel Digital down Converter, CORDIC core, CIC FIR filters, on-board processing of GMSK-modulated AIS messages, etc.). Essay Trade. .General RTL development (design of notes noir essay a NAND Flash controller including Error Code Correction, external controller for a 1553BRT Actel IP Core, etc.). Descriptive Wedding. Design RTL core for GPU-CPU processor, DSP Processor, ARM Processor, MPEG chip, CDMA/UMTS Technology, Wireless Networking, Power PC, ALU, USB ,Crossbar Switch, FIR filter, FFT, ROM, RAM,FIFO, Ethernet, TCP/IP,PCI Express, Fiber Channel, SATA and paul notes, UTOPIA interface for ATM software. Taped out gates, high frequency chips using Magma, Synopsys, Cadence, Mentor Graphic tool sets. Integration of RFIC/transceiver and Baseband IC. Interacting with lead customers, driving architectural design, implementation, writing specifications, design, verification, and leading more junior members of making the.
Domain knowledge of schrader notes on film RISC processors, ARM architecture, JPEG image processing, Digital Baseband ASICs, Vector Floating point (VFP) architecture. Good experience in C/C++ designing, developing, debugging using CVS, RCS and Clear Case. ARM architecture and implementation (device) verification at top level and block level. Good background in SIP and all IP technologies and hands on essay about international trade subscriber management, IP Edge Routing, Ethernet Aggregation. 2010-2012 M.Sc in computer Science/Engineering and Mobile Systems, Lule University of paul schrader notes on film essay Technology Lule-Sweden. Networking. 1998 2002 B.Sc in Electronic Engineering, University of Technology Baghdad-Iraq. Research on Heterogeneous Networks in paul LTE-Advanced (Release 10 and wedding, beyond). Paul Schrader On Film Noir. Performed a master thesis to maintain the QoS of video telephony users in Heterogeneous Networks considering different configurations, user patterns and user loads.
Digital Design Team Leader. Formal verification by using Cadence LEC, Cadence Voltage storm for essay international power analysis and Cadence Celtech for SI analysis. Senior Design Consultant Jan07-Aug08. Schrader On Film Noir Essay. Specman Verifications ASIC verification of a DSP using Specman, ASIC design and verification using VHDL and everlost report, Specman, ASIC verification of a VC-1 video encoder chip using Specman. Paul Noir Essay. Make file, eVC plug (OCP, AXI, VIA), Debug accesses, DDR Controller configuration, DPLL locks, Develop AXI wrappers around the eVC transaction, Regression flow, Developed Specman test cases generating concurrent data cache and thesis, DMA accesses (stress test case), Development of eVC eRM compliant (BFM, monitor, sequence driver, coverage implementation), Creation of tests plans and RTL/GATE verification, GPON OLT Media Access Controller verification (in Specman/eRM), building the Specman environment (test bench, eVC, libraries test cases), creating the Verification plan Test plan (with VPlan tool) and managing TCs regression coverage with eManager tool, Implementing an automatic flow in Specman (from specification to checkers) for notes essay IO cells verification. OMC-R/Ran Technical Support May06-Dec06. Alcatel-Lucent A9156 RNO Preliminary Pc installation. Alcatel-Lucent B8/B9/B10/B11 OMCR declaration on ALU A9156 RNO/A9159NPO. Alcatel-Lucent- OMC-R Network day to day Administration tasks Implementation. Commissioning, Maintenance of All Alcatel-Lucent BSS Equipments RBS, BSC, TC.MFS (9100, 9200, 9125, 9135) respectively. Installation/reconfiguration of 3600-3700 Cisco routers.
Acting as OMC-R Technical Support Engineer for Different operations in public land mobile network. Thesis Paper. Integration/Configuring of the GPRS on the BSC. Integration/Configuring of the microwave links. Dimensioning of Atermuxes (E1) needed for paul notes essay BSC toward the MSC. Advanced troubleshooting and technical specialist in essay IMS common system, gateways and enablers. Integration of paul schrader notes on film noir IMS solutions with customers network, Alcatel-Lucent and Ericsson partners and descriptive essay- day, 3PP vendors. Participation in IMS commercial projects, First Office Application (FOA), trials, demos and proof of concepts. On Film Noir. Responsible for project requirement specification, technical risk analysis and essay, solution design for IMS solutions. Responsible for technical competence development and mentoring of paul schrader on film noir essay IMS team. Associate Field Professional Dec04-Dec05.
Halliburton Energy Services-KuwaitVenezuela. Involve in the logging interpretations of cased- hole logging. Powering up of open hole logging tools and performing preventive maintenance for descriptive essay- wedding day it. 3D Graphics technologies OpenGL ES 1.x/2.0, GLSL, COLLADA, Blender, VRML. Paul Schrader Notes. GPU Tools Graphics Remedy gDEBugger, Mali developer tools, PowerVR OpenGL ES SDK, ARM Mali Qualcomm Adreno SDK. Mentor Graphics ModelSim, Leonardo, Precision, FormalPro. Cadence Verilog-XL, NC Verilog, Leap-Frog, Voltage storm, Verifault-XL, Verplex (LEC), Specman, RTL Compiler, Encounter Timing System, Nanorouter. Magma TALUS, Blast RTL, Blast Fusion, Blast Plan, Blast Rail, Blast Noise, Blast Pro.
Mentor ModelSim/ QuestaSim, Exampler Leonarodo Spectrum, Caliber, Fast Scan. FPGA Xilinx Foundation series for networking paper VirtexE, Altera FPGA (Max Plus) tool and Lattice tool set. Paul Schrader Essay. Microcontrollers CPUs 68x, 8051, PIC ARM7/9/11, IcyFlex2. Ethernet TCP/IP, SONET, ATM, GFP, HDLC, GPON Diffserv, ATM. Operating Systems UNIX, Solaris 10, Windows Xp, Vista, Windows7, Windows 2003 Server, Android. Programming Languages JAVA/C/C++/Objective C, Pearl, Python , VHDL, OpenCL and CUDA.
RAN Technology GSM/GPRS/E-GPRS (EDGE)/ 3G/UMTS/HSPA+/WCDMA/LTE/LTE-Advanced. Software Development Tools Eclipse, Visual Studio 2005/2008/2010. Software Technology Agile, Scrum , Software Testing. Networking Paper. Database MySql, Oracle, Sybase. Ability to work under pressure and meet deadlines. Good Communication Skills and task-oriented.
Positive attitude, analytic, willingness to take responsibility. Reshaping ideas and doing my best to sort out problems, I am able to schrader notes on film essay, work independently, as well as a team member.
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Notes on Film Noir (1972) by Paul Schrader – A Crime is Afoot
oberlin essay After high school was over, I was tired. I felt like I had spent four years (and possibly even more) in on film noir essay a haze of SAT prep, extra-curricular activities, and social engagements. I was excited for college, but at the same time, exhausted. I think college education today, like in the ’60s and ’70s, is a national obsession however, the obsession is in the acceptance and not in the actual experience. A family story told over and over in my house is the time when my grandparents dropped off my aunt for the first time at her college campus just outside of Lancaster, PA. My grand mom would exclaim how my aunt pleaded to come home to Philadelphia (it’s still under debate whether or not my aunt actually chased the car as my grandparents drove away). This was the 1970s; it was the time before computers were in every home and not everyone went to college. My aunt had never been away from her family before, and descriptive wedding day, I think that was the case with most of her college peers. Paul Schrader Noir! They were moving from their neighborhoods (sometimes where they had lived their entire lives) to a new neighborhood, where everyone was different and excited about the possibilities.
Nowadays, high school students build homes in Latin America and take summer classes at descriptive essay-, Oxford. Traveling and learning about schrader notes noir essay, cultural differences firsthand doesn’t always begin in college. For those that haven’t traveled, the baccalaureate extended internet had obviously played a part in shrinking the world. My generation has grown up surfing the web, and we are better than most of our baby-boomer parents at schrader, finding information. We’ve browsed countless Myspace and Facebook profiles, been to chat rooms, and played online chess or scrabble with people all over the world. For the requirements eighteen-year-old student of today, college is not going to be the first time we are introduced to the radical antiwar girl or the dreamy loner poet. We’ve seen his or her type before–online. College is notes noir no longer an exclusive club of misfits and activists. When we hit college today, we aren’t blown away by the different personalities; therefore, we are not as changed or as inspired.
That is one reason we are not the groundbreaking loudmouth college students of essays yesterday; we don’t have anything propelling us to schrader notes be like that because college isn’t as illuminating. The college brochures began arriving in essay international my mailbox right after I graduated 8th grade, and they kept appearing steadily for the next four years. My parents never pressured me about attending college they have always just wanted me to be happy. However, I think they are the exception in that they don’t necessarily equate happiness with a B.A. Neither of schrader on film them went to college, and I am the essay international trade first in my family, besides my aunt mentioned earlier, to attend. In high school, I often grew frustrated with my parent’s nonchalance towards college. At the time, while other parents seemed so involved in their teenager’s education and paul on film essay, college preparation, my parents’ position seemed almost felonious. Essay About International Trade! Sure, they attended my student council inaugurations and read my articles in paul schrader essay the school paper, but we never discussed how my C in Geometry would hurt my chances of getting into so-and-so school. They were delighted when I brought home ant farms for my science fair experiment, but not because I’d appear well-rounded on my college resume. Often, I think today’s preparation for college is overshadowing the fundamental objective of education.
When senior year came, they trusted me enough to baccalaureate essay let me apply where I wanted. First, they explained that they really didn’t have much money to give me for college (something I already knew), but that they would help and support me the best they could (something I’ve always known). I was slightly jealous of people I knew who had spent the summer touring colleges with their parents. These were some of the schrader notes noir same parents who helped their offspring fine-tune their college essay and who were already clad in school attire from their son or daughter’s first choice college. By the end of the essay about year, everyone seems excited for college, but at the same time, a bit sick of it. What is the matter with college today? I think it is that college has become the norm it has become something you do, like getting braces or learning to drive a car. Of course, it is a wonderful thing that college is available to more people. Paul Noir! Everyone deserves an education if they want it. However, the international trade question is: do we want it? I don’t think that college is the answer for everyone.
College is paul schrader notes on film noir essay supposed to be about finding yourself, but by the time college rolls around, most of us have been groomed to be the perfect college candidate for so long that it is extremely difficult to shake off. When college comes, we become fixed on preparing ourselves for adulthood because we have been taught to be one step ahead. Therefore, it is almost impossible to immerse yourself in wedding day your college’s campus. Your attention is always divided: one part is trying to secure your future, while the notes noir other is dabbling in college life. We are multi-tasking our lives to the point where the college experience of yesterday is not possible. Today, going away to college, no matter how far you go, is not as far as it was forty years ago. Everlost Book Report! We are connected through our phones and our email constantly. If our parents are overly curious about paul notes essay, our college lives, they can simply make their own Facebook and friend us.
Needless to say, because we are so connected with back home, we are not fully present at baccalaureate essay extended, our new home our campus. People walk through quads on their cell phones and sit at coffee shops on their laptops. I imagine there is not as much discussion and protesting going on because we not as fully rooted at our college campus as we had been in the past. A part of us is still back home (email, phone), a part of essay us is in the future (outside internships, jobs), and thesis, the little part that is left is on campus however, that part is probably pretty wiped out still from the on film noir admissions game. The college experience that the descriptive nation used to think vital seems to schrader noir be evaporating; however, I am not entirely sure that it is a completely bad thing. We are more connected then ever with the world, so it makes sense that we no longer want to remain under some campus bubble for four years.
I certainly chose my school, NYU, because I didn’t want the campus feel. I don’t regret my choice. Still, sometimes I wonder if I am missing out on the normal college experience but perhaps it’s my entire generation that is missing out. Just like high school has changed from what is used to be into a crazy race to the college finish line, the college experience has altered as well. Going to college no longer sets you apart. That is why we are going outside of thesis our campus, trying to separate ourselves from our peers on schrader notes on film essay campus because maybe that’s the only way we’ll actually find ourselves now. If it is true, as Balzac once observed, that behind every great fortune lies a great crime, then one need look no further than Yale University’s twenty-two billion dollar endowment to explain the school’s decay. I hope I do not sound too much like the jaded radicals with whom my father fell in when he abandoned his mother to her suburban Long Island house and his father to his job as a cutter in a garment factory. Requirements! I hope I do not sound like those chain smoking, bitter Marxists, I say, because those types are very out of favor in today’s university.
Instead you have leftists who have chosen their politics the schrader on film noir essay way you or I might pick out an ice cream sundae at one of those obliging ice cream parlors where they will mix together whatever you like. Start with a base of third wave feminism; balance the acidity with the smooth flavor of some French post-structuralism: and informative essay, just sprinkle the whole thing with the guilt complex that follows the upper-middle class around like a bitter aftertaste. Paul Schrader On Film Noir! Of course, the whole thing is essay about going to cost you. Because, as any child who has saved to buy ice cream knows, the king cone and the kiddy ices only really differ in notes price. In a market for higher education that is essay booming, one can buy every flavor of college, whether one wants the heady blend of classical intellectualism and schrader notes on film, country club that is the Ivy League, or, heavier on the palate but lighter on essay about international the pocketbook, the vast, semi industrial taste of a state school. Paul Notes On Film Noir! Academia has not been a mass product very long, certainly not since before World War II and the GI grant, and yet the engine of capitalism has been smoothly primed and is now burning at full efficiency, bringing more and more people a four-year utopia of mental consumption in return for well, for what do businesses usually ask? That is book report all college has become, a set of consumption choices. How could it be otherwise?
In a country in paul notes on film noir essay which college is largely a sorting tool for employers, major and decision, GPA become like the nutrition facts we read on cereal boxes, criteria for selecting the best fit for your needs. Extra-curricular activities are partially like vitamins crammed in on the bottom of the package, but their use is notes noir mostly more elusive. They are the person’s seasoning. Descriptive Essay-! Does she fence or high dive, sing Russian choral music or sculpt railroad ties, protest abortion or female circumcision? These will be the crucial facts to know in order to determine her peer group should I say focus group? I must return though to my father though, and paul schrader on film, wonder at his college experience. It was electrifying and descriptive essay-, it was maddening, a cattle prod that awoke him from the nightmare of Eisenhower’s Long Island. Around him were people who seemed bewildered to be there, Jews and women who a generation ago would have had no place at Yale, trying to paul schrader notes on film essay figure out in four years what the blue blood Brahmins had spent two hundred years refining.
College was in about trade a state of revolution, and my beloved, though repugnant, Marxists were in their element. Universities that had once trained a socioeconomic elite, which retained the bearing of a Puritan seminary, suddenly had to paul on film essay open their gates to a mass of howling barbarians. Making Essays! Of course colleges were crazy. Paul Essay! The new middle class had just scraped together enough cash to decision catapult their young ones, burning with that most efficient dynamo engine, the profit motive, into schools, and no-one could tell whether tomorrow the whole system might go up in smoke. Schools were exciting just because they were not cities on hills. Paul Notes Essay! For the first time they really descended into the cesspool of American class, gender, and eventually race, and they were losing what James Baldwin would have called their American innocence, their upper crust illusion that everything was at peace in the world. My father’s college career put that illusion to rest, as he bounced between Socialists, opium smokers, Bible Critics, Hare Krishnas, and the confused aristocrats who thought they were still running the place.
College was crazy because America was crazy. Forty years later, the dust has cleared. Those who were climbing then have reached the summit now and can relax. The schools that used to house a tiny hereditary line now quarter a much more democratic swath. No more is race, sex, or creed a barrier to admission, anymore than they prevent you from buying a car, and this is good. Yes, college admissions officers love to spout statistics about all the different flavors of folks they can produce at will.
But even as they brought ethnic Technicolor to the campus and thesis, added a set of women’s bathrooms to schrader on film the dorms, the international economic composition of the freshman class solidified and richened like the syrupy residue at the bottom of a pint of Haagen Dazs. The criterion for schrader noir matriculation has shifted to informative requirements cold economic fact. Paul Essay! It is no secret that what the SAT really predicts is social class; no one actually believes that the admission process, which depends largely on the socio-economic pedigree of the applicant’s high school, could ever be ‘need blind.’ Yet the application process only formalizes what is informative requirements implicit in the whole notion of higher-profit-education. If you can pay the schrader noir essay (skyrocketing) bill, you can have all the essay extended trappings of a genuine college experience. If you cannot, well, there is always the garment factory, or its latter day equivalent, the ‘service sector.’ Having settled into paul noir essay a new productive rhythm, college is again a calm garden in which the privileged can cavort and maybe read several good novels. But to baccalaureate extended expect the taste of college today to schrader on film noir essay be anything more than the saccharine taste of manufactured diversity, to expect the flavor of upheaval without the substance, is to demand of the modern college a service it will not supply. I’ve heard that question a thousand times, put to me by a thousand older questioners, most of them aging hipster baby-boomers about to go on a long rant about the good old days.
Oh, and making decision essays, how sad it is the on film noir essay current generation is not having the same experiences, as though the change they lobbied so hard for should be reversed for us. Furthermore, they never tell me what people “my age” are supposed to be caring about. About the war in Iraq? About gay marriage? About the world? We do care about all those things.
The problem is that we haven’t seen any results. Even with all those protests and sit-ins, the Vietnam conflict continued for a few years before the government finally listened. No one seems to be listening to us, either. We do protest. We participate in the day of international trade silence, or we don’t go to class for a day to protest the paul anti-immigration laws.
We sign petitions. We give a minute for the environment, whatever that means. Maybe it’s not as concentrated an effort as “back in the day,” but it still doesn’t seem like anyone’s listening. For those kids who really don’t care, apathy is essay not something you can magically erase by dumping them on a college campus. Paul On Film Essay! And who can really blame the apathetics for networking thesis not acting? We’re still not adults, not really. Most college kids can’t legally drink, and you’d be hard-pressed to find someone who’s old enough to rent a car. Parents still behave like you’re 17 when you come home for schrader winter break.
You still have homework and baccalaureate essay extended international, distribution requirements. And with people living longer than ever, we’re no longer as vital to the population as we once were. There are more Americans out there clinging to the “old ways” or swinging back to the right, and there aren’t enough college kids to truly change anyone’s minds. (Some don’t even think anyone’s mind needs changing.) It doesn’t feel like you can make much of a difference, especially if you’re loaded down with hard classes and all kinds of student groups. Paul Schrader On Film Essay! Hey, wait a second…Student groups? Okay, they aren’t as vociferous as those wild children of the requirements 60s, but they’re still there, gunning for change for a much wider array of problems. Back then, students protested the war and racial intolerance. Now, we have to protest the current war, a bushel of laws we don’t approve of–no gay marriage, abstinence-only education, anti-immigration–myriad countries experiencing genocide, the abysmal state of healthcare and social security, and paul schrader essay, the even more abysmal state of the environment. I’m sure there are many more, but it’s hard to keep track. You see how it’s so easy for our statement-making to get lost in thesis paper all the schrader essay cacophony? But while we’re at day, that ambiguous age where no one seems to take us seriously, it’s nice to know we, at least, think of ourselves as capable, sentient people with valuable opinions.
It’s even better when we’re all congregated in the same place. Paul Schrader On Film Essay! Like on essay about international trade a college campus. Laying the problems a few kids have with college at the feet of every university in schrader on film America is an alarming position. I love my school. It’s the home I felt I never had, it’s where I met the best friends I never had, and descriptive day, I’ve never doubted my decision to go there for paul a second. But not everyone picks a winner on extended international the first try, even though that’s precisely what we’re expected to do. I wasn’t allowed to pick the next president when I applied to college, but I was supposed to pick my future. For someone who doesn’t have the notes essay rest of her life mapped out, that can be a scary proposition. Essay Requirements! And parents don’t help.
They pressure their kids throughout the essay process, passing on their prejudices and dreams. But all that can disappear when you step onto the right campus. It’s hard for some of these kids to realize that, once you’re at college, you’re not under your parents’ thumb anymore. Even if they’ve got that financial string still attached, your daily doings go unknown. You can gorge yourself on ice cream if you’re so inclined, or start your Psych paper four hours before it’s due. You get to choose your own lot–the whole world is yours. Thesis Paper! You don’t have to wake up at 7 a.m. to sleepily ready yourself for another day of schrader work. You don’t have to worry about TPS reports or jargon-filled memos. Unless you’ve failed a few classes, you’re not going to get fired from school.
If you don’t feel like going to class, you don’t go to class. Fiddle around with your schedule enough, and you could have a three- or four-day weekend, every weekend. Decision Essays! You can take any number of fascinating classes, or learn a new language because, well, you can. (Da!) Plunging directly into the real world after high school would probably have resulted in my commission to an asylum. Or I would have ended up as interesting as a head of cabbage. Paul On Film Essay! Now I can at least trot out a few Russian phrases or a cursory explanation of DNA synthesis. Of course, we have to make forays into the real world during the summer of these glorious years, prepping us for the next few decades of toil. These forays are not necessarily pleasant. I have a job of the “8:30-5:30, Monday through Friday” kind, in a cubicle among rows of cubicles, where the only way I can get a glimpse of the sun is by day walking past the Head Honcho’s office. I participate in mindless office chatter.
I have a hideously expensive apartment (because that’s what you do in New York City, you pay a lot of money to live in a closet). I have to worry about rent and ironing my “business casual” “slacks”–“Oh god, I’m wearing slacks”–and paying back loans, and schrader essay, catching that next train. There is networking paper no such thing as summer break. Bleak, no? But that’s the beauty of college–you have a few more years to make that transition. It’s not about protests and notes noir, “stifled” creativity–if you’re truly creative, no force, not even The Man, can stop you. It’s about baccalaureate essay extended international, learning the notes on film noir most you can about yourself and your world, so you don’t just run off, half-cocked, into the real world, where things are not all hugs and puppies. Seriously, this depressing shell of a summer has me salivating for the start of school. I need a vacation. “College as America used to understand it is coming to an end” In this brief sentence I believe that Mr.
Perlstein accurately. assesses the report changing, perhaps already changed, nature of the “college. experience” and the role it is noir perceived as playing in book report the. intellectual and social advancement of the college student. He is.
undoubtably right in paul noir realizing the tides are changing; we need only. look at the social and political environment of the previous eras in. which men like Doug Mitchell attended college to see the disparities. in social perception and life experience between the college youth of, for example, the sixties, and the college youth of today. Informative Essay! Mitchell’s. was a time of social upheaval, when America and its children were. questing for a new identity and an opportunity to improve the world; it was indeed the liberal hour during which the faith that. intellectual idealism and political progressivism held the key to the. future of humanity ran rampant. Colleges at paul notes noir, the time were, of course, intimately linked to this phenomenon, and served as incubators for.
budding intellectuals and safe-havens for political theorizing and. debate. Today, we live in a very different social climate, one in. which faith in the government has greatly dwindled, and dwindles. still, and a certain mixture of everlost report fear and paranoia have cast a. paralyzing shadow over paul schrader notes on film noir, the sunny progressivism of days now gone by. Disillusionment with the two-party system, or at least with the requirements two. parties themselves, widely publicized government fiascos and scandal, floundering support for the president, and fear of disturbing world. realities like terrorism have created a situation where people have. insulated themselves from the realm of paul notes noir essay external world affairs, “Politics” and all it entails. Others have cynically decided that, for. them, opportunism and not philanthropy promises to be the most.
fulfilling of philosophies. This I think, is integral to essay understanding. the circumstances of the change. On Film! If the average college student now. grows up in baccalaureate essay extended international an environment where political expression and. philosophical cultivation is much less encouraged, he or she will. reflect that, and the old perception of American colleges as hotbeds.
of political activism will come to notes noir be outdated. This being so, the. questions remain “What is the nature and consequence of this change?” and “What is the perceived role of college now for about international most students?” Writing from the viewpoint of a second year student at a highly. competitive American university, I hold the experiences of my freshmen. year still clear in my mind, and from that reserve I think I can draw. several observations that may cast some light on these questions and.
demonstrate their relevance. As soon as I first set foot on schrader on film noir essay campus, I. was bombarded by paper returning students, painted and clad in school. colors, who danced about, assuring us we would love our new home. Congratulations were thrown about, we took part in wild orientation. celebrations, and all was carried out with an energy and cheerfulness. that both amazed and wearied me. Things continued in this fashion for.
several days, and on film, most students welcomed the festivities with much. gusto and open arms. My story has a point: Looking back and making essays, judging. solely by these memories, I would not have thought I had stepped into. the environs of an institution of paul on film high learning but instead arrived at. some strange party where the networking thesis paper attendees needed no other social.
lubricant than a strong sense of schrader on film essay complacency and self-celebration. Of. course, the early days were indeed a light-hearted celebration before. the heavier days of work and study, but that strange feeling of. self-satisfaction never left the air. These college students were not. so much concerned about informative, fixing the world and sharpening their. ideologies as they were about paul notes essay, jealously hanging onto something they. feared losing: their complacency and security.
For them, I think that. college served almost as an elite club, where they could feel good. about their achievements, work at realizing even greater personal. glory, and be with other like-minded individuals. Baccalaureate International! Perlstein writes. about students he talked to who viewed college as a “small town” they. wished to escape, and I think this sense of a small town is. intentional and desired-smallness here insuring homogeneity, familiarity, and predictability. This is a manifestation of the social.
withdrawal from, and ignorance of, the turbulence of the outside. world, and is a form of escapism into a comfortable, organized, and. Evidence of this is manifest on the Facebook website, a tool and. social forum designed for paul noir essay college students. Baccalaureate Extended International! Among the personal data. listings, “Political Views” is one such item, and I was surprised to. find many students leave this space empty, or use the pre-made choice.
“Apathetic,” even while they fill in other areas such as “Favorite. Music” and “Looking for” with comprehensive eagerness. This apathy was. present in the student body itself as well. Among students not. directly involved in political study, it was very difficult to arouse.
conversations concerning the validity of certain ideologic positions, political agendas, or the merits of various religious tenets. Schrader Essay! As a. student interested in baccalaureate essay extended International Relations, such topics of. discussion held interest for me, and while I did not go out of schrader noir essay my way. to coerce or corner others upon book report, the subjects, I did note their. reluctance to address them. The usual excuses either concerned a. flaky, ethereal “I think everybody’s right in what they choose to. believe in” or an outright disdain for the topic in paul notes on film noir essay general, or those. who felt differently from the person in question.
This again calls to. mind the notion that college no longer serves as a place of. difference, of exploration and newness of experience, but as a place. of sameness, a place to preserve certain comforts and baccalaureate essay, securities. I. think many students have adopted such positions of neutrality because. they are hesitant to deal with new and different viewpoints because. such things threaten the paul schrader notes noir stability they are trying so hard to insure. for themselves. Caroline Ouwerkerk, the international “Organization Kid,” is a. product of such sentiment: her college experience is strictly. scheduled and notes noir, regimented to keep it within the bounds of comfort and.
So what do these students hope to find at college? They have withdrawn. from the grander arena of ideological debate into baccalaureate essay extended themselves; the. previous desire to better the paul schrader world has become the drive to advance. the self.
By turning one’s back on the greater troubles outside, most. college students are free within their “small towns” to pursue the. easier and less troublesome dream of personal success. Descriptive Essay- Wedding! Theirs is a. dream of escapism. On Film Essay! The greatest enemy has become personal failure, and. the attitude toward college has changed with it. College is wedding day now seen. as a stepping-stone to a career path, and its value proportionate to. its marketability to would-be employers. Paul Notes Essay! This is why students like.
Jonathan Hersh experience confusion when questioned about the pure. intellectual merit of learning; for them, it holds no place in the. equation of success. The retreat from the essay about trade failures and schrader noir, harshness of. world affairs has led college students to see their time at school not. as an opportunity for intellectual broadening and understanding, but. as a means to create a safe and comfortable bubble to live in; a. buffer against the world’s unpleasantries. When I began studying at Hendrix College, I remember the seniors complaining about decision essays, how everything was different when they were freshmen. They had even channeled their angst into t-shirt form with the notes essay catchy slogan “I remember when Hendrix was cool.” Of course, we freshmen were not allowed to buy them; after all, we didn’t remember when Hendrix was cool. What we thought was cool was actually the watered-down college experience given to us by a tyrannical administration.
This year, however, I’m a senior, and I received word that someone in informative my class (without any sense of irony) was trying to revive this concept and sell the shirts themselves. So has my college really degenerated so much in four years that the graduating senior class has to constantly redefine what is “cool”? More importantly: has college as a whole? To my mind, the argument Rick Perlstein makes in paul schrader on film noir his article is everlost report a similar mix of generational chauvinism with just a smidge of shadenfreude–only he asserts that college life has depreciated on a much larger scale and over a much longer period of time. Schrader Notes Essay! He enjoyed his enriching college experience and seems to essay- day have the schrader notes on film essay appropriate pity for the college students of today who only think they’re being similarly enlightened. Granted, I can never experience Mr. Perlstein’s college, but I argue that college as a whole is everlost book report still transformative. Although I see the logic of his point that through internet and schrader notes on film noir essay, greater freedom of expression for essay extended international high school students, they are less isolated from people of similar interests and quirks before they reach college. Schrader Notes Noir! However, while it is perhaps less of an exciting shock to find kindred spirits in the college atmosphere, the transition is still a unique one. I grew up with fairly open and trusting parents, but still every day I would go to a very regimented public school.
I don’t want to polarize the issue between those who attend public schools and paper, those privately educated, but I will say that I believe that college still represents a strong change and an opening of on film noir essay creative freedom for myself and many of today’s bright eyed high school graduates. Sadly, this change is networking thesis paper due not to the upping of creativity in college but rather the further restriction of freedom and expression in high school. An increase in schrader notes essay standardized testing accompanied by an increase in mistrust of the student body, arguably for good reason, that leads to random searches of students’ personal belongings all make the public school environment one that the public high school student of today is none too loathe to part with. Making! Thus the entering of college with all the paul notes noir essay trust and freedoms that entails is still an awakening for networking many of paul on film noir essay us who weren’t lucky enough to attend prep schools and specialized high schools. I am reluctant in this point because I do not want to suggest that the change from high school to college is only the same because we have effectively lowered the bar for creativity expected of college students. But looking at decision essays, the issue as simply the importance of college as an paul schrader notes on film, experience, its relevance is still strong. College is one of the last chances in my life that I can make my personal enlightenment my full time occupation. The opportunities for lectures, concerts, cultural activities, and independent research is report still high. Also, the courses themselves are getting more rich in detail and highly specialized. As an English major, I enjoy the privilege of not having to take seminars on paul notes on film essay T.S.
Eliot (not that I don’t enjoy him from time to networking thesis paper time, and am thankful the option is still there) in light of such courses as “Cross Dressing and the Trans-gendered Body in Children’s Literature and Film.” And then there is the chance to travel. On Film Noir! An increasing number of college students study abroad–what was a trickle in the 60s has now become positively mainstream. And I don’t believe that this exodus is an attempt to escape the international oppressive American colleges that stifle creativity, but rather as a chance to augment the college experience with cultural perspective. Paul Schrader On Film! I see this as a positive change in essay the college system as students evolve in an increasingly globalized society. Surely there is something in this trend; a certain independence and interest in schrader noir the world around them. I will agree on essay international the point that the relevance of college in the larger political and social context has diminished. I think that this is self perpetuating result of notes on film noir ennui of the public at everlost, large as much as the apathy of the students themselves.
A paradox of the chicken and egg variety: people don’t look to colleges for paul schrader notes political cues and the students give up on trying to be heard. I was involved in the protest scene, largely on the issue of gay rights, my first year of college and making, soon came to the conclusion that most of what we were doing was more for our benefit than the people who’s minds we were ostensibly trying to change. I grew dejected and felt that as a world changing force I was approximately equivalent to a bumper sticker or email petition. Paul Schrader Notes Noir Essay! Apathy was far more potent a deterrent than negative energy–we preferred to descriptive essay- wedding day have obscenities hurled at us from passers by than to be completely ignored by paul schrader notes on film all those who saw us. College students throughout history have been the beginning of stirrings of revolutionary trends. But now I feel we’re a little immobilized before we can begin by virtue of being ignored. And, at the risk of getting into an entirely different issue, it isn’t only the college students who are having their political input ignored at present.
For the present, therefore, college students internalize their political leanings or channel their social consciences elsewhere. I wish that I could entirely refute Perlstein’s observations, if for no other reason than because I am a little defensive about a period of my life that I feel has altered me a great deal. However, for better or worse, circumstances and institutions evolve and change with the times. Baccalaureate Essay Extended! In as much as we can generalize about a generation of students, mine is one of intense focus that at times sacrifices creativity in a drive to paul schrader on film noir get the competitive edge. A litany of college prep courses and resume fluffing amounts often to experiences that are more superficial than substantive. Some admittedly do lose sight of why they have come to requirements college in an intense effort to appear impressive on paper. Paul Schrader On Film Essay! Nevertheless, the networking undercurrents of college and college students are still ones of experimentation. We may appear a little too focused at schrader on film noir essay, times and everlost, we may seem to ignore and schrader on film, be ignored by the political arena, but we are changing and finding ourselves nonetheless. At any rate, I can take comfort in making decision essays the fact that after enough time has passed I too can look back with fond nostalgia on my experiences in college and paul notes, save a little cup of pity for the college students then who have the misfortune of going to descriptive wedding school when all the paul schrader notes essay relevance of college clearly disintegrated with my generation. After all, I will remember when college as an experience was still cool. From the Tour Group to essay the Octoparrot.
I do not encourage people to apply to my university. It’s a great school, I always say, but it has its problems. The food is terrible, financial aid is so-so, and the people from New Jersey think I’m from South Carolina. As a college student who does not varnish truths or exude enthusiasm without questioning, I believe that after two years I know enough to honestly reflect on the experience. From beyond the confines of the ivory tower, Rick Perlstein asks whether colleges have lost their centrality in the American vision.
The answer is inarguably yes as Perlstein demonstrates, in the 1960s it was inevitable that college life occupy an paul notes, important place in high-stakes political campaigns; now, the same situation is unimaginable. Perlstein argues that colleges’ fall from book report, influence is due to a change in the way students approach the college experience. He quotes University of paul schrader notes on film noir essay Chicago undergraduates who see college as a small town which they are eager to escape, rather than the thesis paper cultural paradise that Perlstein loved. He emphasizes this dark current of student opinion at Chicago (Perlstein notes that Most of my interviewees were happy, but suggests they were naive cogs in the organization ), and extends his argument, based on schrader notes noir essay several students’ reactions to a particular school, to a national trend of undergraduate apathy. In pointing to shifty societal changes, Perlstein overlooks a glaring demographic factor. Colleges’ influence in American society has waned through the force of numbers. I invoke the analogy of a rabbit moving slowly through the gullet of baccalaureate essay a python; in this way the baby boomer population, which provided the political and cultural impetus of campus life in the 1960s, has moved through the demographic stages.
It is clear from current television commercials (and evidence present in my own home) that baby boomers are approaching hearing-aid age. Their interest in college is in the admission of their children, a point that Perlstein notes. More troubling to this college student is not colleges’ lessened influence in the political and cultural spectra of American society, but rather Perlstein’s negative portrayal of today’s undergraduate experience. Perlstein aligns his younger self, who grew up in a suburban jail and paul noir, found in college an ecstatic adventure, to Hamilton Morris, the filmmaker, painter, photographer, [and] experienced professional standup comedian. It is on this parallel that Perlstein bases his argument that college has changed significantly in the past thirty years, and it is an unfair comparison.
One of the first lessons I learned in college a shocking one is that people come from different places. Decision! Perlstein and paul notes on film noir, Morris had radically different backgrounds, and it is essays unsurprising that their reactions to the college experience were likewise dissimilar. I offer myself as a more fitting parallel to on film essay the young Perlstein. I looked forward to college as an escape from the crowded hallways of my high school (where students were not allowed to use the bathrooms or check out books.) I wanted to leave parking lots filled with pick-ups and overgrown kids leaning against them, smoking. Six hours north by car, I discovered that paradise looked differently than I had imagined.
I soon learned to keep quiet the fact that I do not own a passport. Essay! I did not mention how my middle school principal pulled shades over schrader noir, the windows (to hide shootings in informative a nearby parking lot.) I wondered uncomfortably why I had never heard of dichotomies, paradigms or close readings. I began to think I was outmatched. Why, after all the hard work, passion, and dreaming, did my confidence trickle away? I blame myself, but also enter Morris, who finds his classmates insanely uncreative and the entire college academic experience enervating. I know many a Hamilton Morris. Paul Notes Noir! Sometimes they dress in black. They raise their hands in the middle of lectures to mention abstruse points about chalcolithic pottery, or they begin sentences with, When I was in [Kazakhstan, Romania, Jordan, etc.] I noticed And then they wonder, disdainfully, at the bewildered silence that surrounds their additions to class discussion. The TAs gamely try to keep up. Although intimidated by Hamilton Morris, I also feel sorry for him.
Then I hear what he has to say about decision essays, people like me, students who had to spend their entire high school experience studying for the SATs or something and didn’t really get a chance to live life or experience things. My sympathy rapidly changes to anger at such callous misunderstanding, the same kind of anger I felt when a friend referred to paul schrader noir essay the ignorant South. Thesis Paper! I left my home because I had no faith in it, but I found, in leaving it, that I was being judged in ways and by means that I had always meant to avoid by people like Hamilton Morris. These are people who believe they have cornered creativity and trapped it in a cage; they think that others live conventional existences and cannot have the same essential knowledge to offer about life that they do. Schrader Notes On Film Essay! The Hamilton Morrises of the world label entire ways of paper being, of which they know none of the details, insanely uncreative. It was people like Hamilton Morris who occasionally, that first semester, made my paradise into a prison (and simultaneously taught me a difficult lesson about the power of judgment I reconsidered the overgrown kids and their pickup trucks.) Perlstein does tap into a problem that colleges face today (perhaps they always have; my knowledge of noir how college used to descriptive be comes from paul essay, my parents’ memories); colleges must bring together students who come from places that, with globalization and generous financial aid, are increasingly far apart. The admirable byword at today’s universities is not revolution but diversity, and (at the risk of sounding like a slick college handbook) college is the only place in America where scholarship students from decision essays, Singapore meet Coloradan trust fund babies and prep school graduates and community college transfers run against each other for the presidency of the student association. Small town intellectuals encounter Southern aristocrats, and sons of automakers study with daughters of biochemists for the theology final in college, people from across cultures, classes, and continents collide in a splendid shattering of tension. Sometimes, though, if one is not willing to notes essay peel the layers off of every life and report, see the spectacular adventure at each core, one’s classmates become insanely uncreative and the experience is enervating instead of deeply challenging. What’s the notes on film noir matter with college?
In seeming contrast to today’s experience, Perlstein warmly describes Doug Mitchell’s undergraduate days, a social life that kind of revolved around the dorm lounge some people would argue night and day. I remember, in parallel, nights on the wind-whipped campus I call home. My friends and I carry conversations from dinner late into the night, avoiding thoughts of everlost report economics homework and unwritten essays on Shakespeare. We talk about God, we place acquaintances in circles of Dante’s Hell, we argue whether or not it would be morally right to create an octoparrot, we argue about whether there is a moral right. Then someone mentions coolly ignoring the tour groups that surge around campus this time of the year and we remember the days when we were them, and we rightly imagined this place to paul schrader on film noir be paradise. The Good Old Days: Passion in Higher Education. One of book this things which has struck me most in sixteen years of education is the on film essay persistent belief that things were better in the Good Old Days. Essay About International Trade! It is a belief which is clearly alive and very much with us even into the twenty-first century, if Mr. Perlstein’s article is anything to go by. Notes! As an undergraduate at the University of Chicago myself, it is understandable that I had a strong response to essay trade this article.
In fact, the first (and second ) time I read the article, I took it somewhat personally. Badly. But whatever I disagree with in Mr. Perlstein’s argument (and there is a great deal), I must admit that he is right on paul schrader notes on film noir essay one count: “as a discrete experience, ‘college’ has begun to disappear.” Our highly commercialized and academically competitive culture does make high school experiences closer to college and college experiences closer to the working world. There is less border space between experiences, classes, work than there has been before.
Yes, college is not as discrete an experience as it was in the past. Essay About International! Yes, what Mr. Perlstein sees today at notes noir essay, the University of everlost report Chicago is substantially different than what he saw during his own days as an undergraduate. Why is paul schrader notes noir this a bad thing? The whole tone of Mr.
Perlstein’s article suggests that there is something wrong with my generation because we do not act like kids did in the good old days. I get the impression that Mr. Perlstein feels “today’s students” (represented by his extreme portraits Mr. About International Trade! Morris, Miss Ouwerkerk, and Mr. Hersh) have somehow “sold out.” Well, Mr. Noir! Perlstein, I’ve got news for you: so do we. Some of essay- wedding us think they’re funny and even if we don’t, the point is that the University of Chicago, and every other major university in this country, is home to far more opinions than fall under these three extreme portraits. Paul Schrader Notes Noir! Mr. Perlstein has failed to essay international trade take into account the paul notes on film diversity of any campus and I don’t mean ethnic diversity necessarily, either on its own terms or as a marketing phrase; I mean intellectual diversity.
My university is home to these three students, and an infinite number of others: communists, creative anachronists, ballet dancers, film geeks, and future grad students worried more about Ovid than their chances on the job market. There are even a few of us (most, by my tally) who really are students who have found in college “a world apart, where 18-year- olds discover themselves for the first time in a heady atmosphere of cultural and intellectual tumult.” I would consider myself one, and it’s very strange to see my genuine wonder tossed off as an report, outdated marketing ploy. College as “we” understand it may indeed be coming to an end (this is, incidentally, a difficult claim to grapple with because Mr. On Film Noir! Perlstein’s third person only applies to informative essay his own classmates, who themselves substantially redefined college), but I doubt this is quite the schrader notes noir essay cultural catastrophe Mr. Perlstein foresees. For those many of us who did not grow up in Mr. Thesis Paper! Morris’ position, college is still a dramatic change from paul, high school. Because so many of book us go to college in paul noir different states, different time zones, or different countries, college still means independence and a new and informative requirements, exhilarating measure of paul schrader on film noir freedom. College still means discovery of self, of extended international people, of the noir essay world.
And most importantly to me, college still means passion. Like so many of my peers, I’m an intern this summer. This is pretty normal even if you’re not an trade, Organization Kid (they intern with international NGOs or top investment banks). I work in the media relations office of a small liberal arts college on the east coast and I spend most of my time interviewing other students with summer research grants or college funding. This is my second year at this job and I’ve lost count of how many people I have interviewed.
It tends to spill over into the rest of paul notes essay my year as well; being paid to talk to people for eight hours a day has turned me into someone who continues to ask questions even off duty. What I hear most, from everybody, is excitement. Whether they juggle or play varsity lacrosse or volunteer at descriptive, the local soup kitchen, I’ve learned that college students all have that excitement in common. I’m not sure whether to call it exhilaration, passion, or energy, but it is something vibrant and nearly tangible. Don’t know what I’m talking about? Grab the first person you can find who has recently completed a Ph.D. and ask them about their dissertation. My job is something like that and the answers I get are invariably interesting. Who knew that local government could be that intriguing? Foreign reserve policy or hedge fund management that fascinating?
Yes, my generation may lack the political energy of the 60’s, but just because we have ipods and schrader on film essay, laptops and the internet, please don’t assume that we are passive couch potatoes. Baccalaureate Extended! Because we do have passion: passion for biochemistry and Bosnia and Harry Potter and pre-Socratics and child development studies. For me, this is why college is on film noir important: because it teaches enthusiasm. College matters because it is exciting and because it is all right to be excited. Ah, but I’m not answering the question: is the essay extended international college experience less critical to the nation than it was a decade ago?
Just think about that for a minute. Schrader Notes On Film Essay! College and students are a genuine sales niche (think of all the Citibank ads, the “decorate your dorm room” specials at K-Mart), nostalgia of the good old days at college is rampant, and overqualification is common. I would argue that, far from vanishing, the College Experience is virtually ubiquitous in American culture, like senior prom or the white wedding. Making! Like the noir essay definition of college, the presence of college has changed rather than vanished. Again, this term “college” may mean something different in a personal or national context, but it most certainly means something. Paper! Again, I challenge Mr. Perlstein to schrader noir convince me that what it means today is essay- wedding day actually worse than what it meant ten or twenty or fifty years ago. And if the indignation sparked by this patronizing and romanticized description of our world in the minds of paul noir myself and my fellow ’09ers isn’t evidence of some kind of generation gap, I don’t know what is.
So, why does college matter? Someone explained once that he enjoyed working in the U.S. academic system because it allowed the professors to talk about their research, both to students and colleagues. It’s that kind of enthusiasm that defines my college career, that kind of enthusiasm that we learn in college. College matters because it instills in us the need to pursue, to master, to report communicate passion for any and every belief. College shows us what we love (or hate) and how to schrader on film noir express that to essay a purpose. Paul Notes On Film Noir! And that function of higher education will continue, I believe, as long as there are colleges and students to attend them. College. I dread the day it will begin. Why must we be subjected to this institution as the only other option is to be unsupported by our own parents and our very own Corporate State. Thesis! Yes ladies and schrader noir, gentlemen, America has betrayed us. We are not living in a society of decision absolute freedom and liberty.
We are disillusioned as such, but as we enter our teenage years, our once thoughtful, expectant hopes of paul notes on film noir essay bright futures slowly fade to the misery of the book report reality we are about to face. I once was excited at the prospect of going to college; The idea of paul living on descriptive day my own away from parents and restrictions, a place to gain knowledge in a field of my choosing, a chance to explore myself and find new meaning in life all around me, all of this was something I looked forward to with pleasure. Until recently that is. The fact is, what do most people end up doing for the rest of their lives as the result of notes noir four, six or eight years of college attendance? Their years are drained away working long strenuous hours in factories, offices, cubicles, driving in insane traffic, gulping down caffeinated drinks merely to keep them awake longer to finish up longer hours of work they soon come to dislike. Even those who tell themselves they’ll get a reward in the end for wedding their hard efforts see through it all in truth. They realize deep down that a vacation twice a year and a big flat screen tv isn’t all that worth it when they come home to find the x box and television know their children bette than they do, the babysitters of today’s day in age; When they are too exhausted by the end of their days and paul notes essay, weeks and years to even enjoy life’s simple pleasures.
People are too tied up with work. Life has become all about work, work work… and everlost book report, it all starts out when one steps into the university campus today and begins the journey through years of studying, not necessarily what one wants, but courses that are ever-more required in order to graduate. More and more skills are suddenly mandatory, higher degrees needed, more technical training, etc. It’s become a ridiculous phenomenon. Doctors and teachers for example, two careers most needed in paul on film noir essay America today are becoming more and more difficult degrees to achieve. Many teens feel it’s not even worth it to wedding day go to college for what they really want because they’ll be spending so much time taking so many different courses they are uninterested in and then by the time they actually earn their degree and schrader on film noir, begin practicing it, their jobs have become so abysmally impersonal. Making Decision Essays! Doctors rarely have a chance to actually get to know their patients on a personal level as used to essay be in making decision essays the past. Notes Essay! Most people working jobs today in fact, don’t even care to becom! e person al with their patients, clients, customers, etc, all they care about is selling a product, getting through with what they need to accomplish, even if it’s not done whole-heartedly, abiding by the law, but really what it comes down to is making a buck at the end of the day. Sadly, college is no longer about about, learning to aspire to a career of your dreams, enjoying your classes, and being motivated to study, to work hard for your goals simply because you want to paul schrader notes on film help the informative essay requirements public interest, you want to notes make a difference to another human being, to the society and about, world at large, you want to do good for someone besides yourself. Notes On Film Noir! Rather, college is merely a tool the Corporate State uses to book report train human beings to act quite selfishly for their own good, to paul notes on film essay make money for themselves, to making essays work tirelessly in college only to paul notes noir essay work tirelessly forevermore at a most likely dull job in the future. With all this in mind, college is certainly not something to be looked forward to.
A more apt assertion than “college as America used to understand it is coming to an end” is descriptive essay- wedding day that America as America used to understand it has already ended. Higher education, both the idea and tangible manifestation, is not the same as it was forty years ago. But neither is the United States, or the world, for that matter. Expecting the paul notes on film noir essay current collegiate crowd to day undergo an undergraduate experience like that of notes noir essay their parents is to put campus life in a formaldehyde-sealed, shrink-wrapped bubble, immune to the cultural, socio-political, economical, and technological changes of the past four decades. College used to be not only a privilege but also something to look forward to as Rick Perlstein points out in networking “What’s the Matter with College.” Today’s students, the schrader on film noir baby-boomers’ babies, are jaded by the time they enter college, now an expectation. According to figures on the National Center for Education Statistics’ website, the 18 24 year old population rose 15% between 1995 and 2005, prompting a 33% increase of the number of full-time students. NCES predicts that this number will increase an additional 13% by the year 2015. Because today’s American college education is mostly the norm, graduate school enrollment has also skyrocketed, rendering the undergraduate degree itself unimportant if one wishes to become a significant and successful component in the consumer culture in which this generation is saturated.
Growing up in the fast-paced New York City prep school circuit, I was educated among peers who knew what Ivy League school they wanted to report attend by the age of twelve. Competition was fierce and is becoming even fiercer. It’s hard to determine the source of the ever-prevalent competitive nature: is it the schrader notes on film fourteen-year-olds negotiating for an extra two points on an exam like their lawyer-parents or the informative essay requirements parents who make their kid practice the trumpet or glockenspiel for two hours a day starting at the age of five, hoping to guarantee acceptance at Ivy League University X, regardless of SAT scores and GPA, when the time comes? College has changed because high school has changed. You can blame the paul noir essay Internet or televised violence or whatever but it’s unreasonable to expect that the everlost book college experience of previous generations can prevail in a country that’s no longer as hopeful or innocent. We don’t have a common cause. We’re not fighting, united, against notes on film noir essay a draft for a war we don’t believe in.
There may be some (or a lot) who don’t believe in the war, but we’re not united. That’s not to say that we don’t care; we do. It’s just that as a generation, we care about a cornucopia of causes. Descriptive! One student wants to save Darfur, another is a gay-rights activist fighting for paul schrader noir gender-neutral housing, and another is trying to essay protect migrant workers by kicking Coca-Cola off campus. We do have movements and there are people trying to schrader notes on film noir essay do what’s right but there’s no primary, umbrella cause that has gripped every student across the country.
Today, colleges make headlines because of shootings, not protests. This is a collegiate generation that watched Columbine and September 11th on their 70? high-definition, plasma televisions. We’ve grown up with the world, both good and bad, at everlost, our fingertips from our wireless laptops. We are the product of the consumer culture America has become. Student life is no longer an paul, American centrality because rather than steering culture, we feed it. We absolutely adore our iPods and cell phones and retro converse sneakers and designer jeans. Trade! We are a generation rooted in noir essay irony and cynicism, raised by technology that has trained us to dismiss the once present value inherent in the idea of college: that it’s a place to transform, to learn, and to grow into our adult selves who will, someday soon, be calling the shots.
We come, see, and conquer, and often don’t consider how it affects others. We’re emotionally stunted because we spent our formative teen years replacing a large percentage of our peer interactions with instant messaging, isolating ourselves and arriving at extended international, college with a heightened sense of individuality, perhaps, but not much sense of community. Technology is the only thing we have in common we’re fragmented across all other arenas: religion, culture, politics, economics. We’ve misinterpreted Mr. Rogers’ message and paul schrader noir essay, have taken the concept of paper “special” to new, unimagined levels. We’re hardcore individualists and it’s near impossible to find cohesion in a population of people who think that they’re different from everybody else. The application process itself encourages the paul schrader notes on film noir essay notion through its predominant, overarching question: “What makes you so special?” We arrive at college already incredibly individualized and aware of who we are (or who we think we are, at least), prompting us to essay trade try harder to schrader notes on film noir essay preserve our individuality, the feeling that we are each a special, unique snowflake different from all others, than to become a part of something bigger and essay extended, more powerful. Most of schrader on film noir essay us prefer to everlost be separate from our peers rather than unified. College campuses and the students they house have lost their place as this nation’s focal point because, as disparaging as it may be, college is now a waiting room for the real world. It’s not that everyone’s miserable and spends four years isolated from their peers but that they know that this is paul not the end of the line.
That there’s a lot more waiting for them and expected because the paper world is different. We’ve seen the world change before our eyes and noir, are far too cynical to informative essay requirements believe it’s going to stop. And because we’re so individualistic, it’s hard to effect positive change. We may each think that we’re special in noir essay our own way, but not very many of us think we can change the everlost report world all by ourselves. So we recede to our respective corners of the paul schrader on film ring, fight our own battles, inner and outer, and continue to devote our energies to our continuing self-discovery, perhaps over-emphasized and over-developed. We spend our undergraduate years waiting to take control of an ever-changing world as a generation mostly fragmented. And while forbearing college generations may have stood united, the truth is that we are very much divided, prompting college as American used to understand it, to fall.
“What’s The Matter With College”: A Rejoinder. College is known to be a citadel of learning. It could as well serve other purposes to different people depending on one’s perspective. Therefore a person could either ‘pass’ through college or have College ‘pass’ through him or her. Although a lot has been written in the past about students and college life both past and present, but none of those articles ‘wear a crown’ of criticisms as to be compared with what Mr. Rick Perlistein wrote in ‘what’s the matter with college.’ I agree that every author has its own style of writing and it is baccalaureate extended international evident in each piece of his work. The same way college life experiences in the 70’s and now have been portrayed in writing in paul notes on film essay so many different ways by so many different authors, across the pages of so many different print media’s. However a reader may find differences and similarities in the opinions of these authors about college life experiences then and now including the one written by Perlistein which is requirements an in dept analysis of noir how college life in America is coming to an end due to making decision essays its being less critical to the nation than it use to be a generation ago. Peristein in the article summed up college life experiences as it affects students in paul schrader on film essay the late 60’s and 70’s and descriptive essay- wedding day, how those experiences has made them better students and an enviable generation.
This is against the back drop of today’s generational colleges and what it offers. Although the article did not address major issues-like standards of education and learning achievements as it concerns colleges in the 60’s and today’s colleges, rather it dwelt on the social transformation offered to students through college life experiences as they transit through it. However, one could argue from the standpoint of Mr. Perlistein as he viewed college life then which actually shaped his belief about today’s colleges loosing its central place in the broader society as being real and notes, true. The picture painted by Perlistein about essay international trade, students and schrader notes on film noir essay, colleges in the 70’s is in no doubt incomparable to today’s college and students. I quite agree that in the 70’s, according to Perlistein that student’s and the structures in it; make up colleges which tend to be the heart and informative essay, soul of politics.
In as much as every adult should have a say on how he or she is governed, by participating in politics, I never knew that college students of the 70’s shouldered such huge political responsibility to the point that they became the paul notes noir bedrock of modern politics.-that is good to know. This actually explains the decision essays intensity that comes with student’s body elections in notes colleges then in the 70’s. Research shows that a whole semester could be dedicated to everlost book report such game of politics and little or no attention paid to studying during such election period. Now I understand the involvement of the 70’s graduate in today’s politics more than any other generation. Schrader On Film Essay! My discussion with Matt, a close friend, a product of the 70’s college and the head of a small group here in south bay-Los Angeles working as one of the small political front canvassing support for Barrack Obama- who is seeking for Democratic Presidential nomination come 2008 actually confirmed my fears. He relived his college days experience for baccalaureate extended international me in a short story and crowned it up with ‘that is why I am a politician. Consequently, the anti war movements in colleges then in the 70’s thrived beyond expectation. The tendency to affect societal change socially bore heavily on the shoulders of these people who called themselves students. They sacrificed so much in other to alleviate the social change that society needs as against their own self goal attainment.
Therefore, is it not interesting to note that a generation of students-70’s college students is paul notes on film noir known to be trendsetters especially and only culturally? What an achievement! Most of us benefited from this infamous ideology. More so, Perlistein mentioned about the structural makeovers colleges got then in the 70’s. He attributed this to the economic boom then, but one thing he mentioned which is quite interesting is the idea that ‘between 1957 and 1967, the number of college students doubled.’ Meanwhile is this an indication that 70’s colleges turned out more graduate professionals as compared with today’s colleges? While there are reasons to be concerned and also applaud the achievements of the 70’s college students with regards to their role in the society then, today’s college and students by trade many measures are actually faring as well or better than the 70’s students. Therefore it is pertinent to say that college as America used to understand it is not coming to an end, rather it is blossoming beyond Perlistein comprehension.
No wonder Perlistein’s views about schrader noir, today’s college students are ‘mauled’ with skepticism and frustration-with due respect sir. Come to requirements think of notes noir essay it, if getting into college becomes one’s innate desire as a way of succeeding in paper life, which I know truly confront many of paul today’s college student. Essay! Then it is debasing to say the least that college students with such big viable dreams could be branded dissidents and paul notes on film noir essay, labeled noisy as the case with the 70’s college students. Yet it seems to be alright as agreed by essay extended Perlistein. What then do people call a person who is excited and going to the ‘circus’ to have fun?
Nevertheless, college life experiences then in the 70’s is still the same with college life today except with few distinctions which has to do with generational time gap, modernization, and paul notes, technological advancement, new breed students with better focus as well as job market place competition. These distinctions are generational exceptions with regards to book time which separate the world of the 70’s from today’s world. College students in the 70’s, acts out movie scripts written by societal norms, produced by paul notes noir essay the students themselves and directed by the schools they attend. The movie set becomes their dorm lounge. Yet their reward does not speak volumes in terms of success like that of real actors and actresses rather it comes, based on hard work and one’s ability to scale through the networking hurdles of schrader notes on film noir graduation if at all it is possible.
Therefore if we say that college in the 70’s is better in cultural setup, we mean that school is ‘fun.’ yes school is fun both then and now, although then in the 70’s, it is essay trade a creed recited by every student. Having fun had an upper hand in the life of the 70’s student and that is paul schrader on film what defined college education in essay the 70’s. Perlisten wrote ‘school was fun.’ There is nothing wrong in having fun in school. I am a big advocate of the paul notes on film essay popular saying ‘all work and no play make jack a dull boy.’ But should fun define citadel of networking thesis learning? Even so, when fun in colleges cease to be in full swing just as it is today, should it be seen that college as it used to be is coming to an end? No of course!
It is just a generational gap problem. Again, does modernization have a hand in this issue? Maybe yes, what of technological advancement? Oh good idea, for how else do one explain the notes on film role and importance of modern educational gadgets like computers and internets in today’s college student life. The evolvement of technology from the report 70’s to what it is today, speaks volume about the difference in 70’s college students and today’s college students. If at all technology mean anything in schrader notes noir this issue, it is absolutely an essay about trade, ‘abracadabra’ to the students of the 70’s.
They really missed out on paul schrader notes noir this, no wonder instead of them surfing the internet and doing educational research work, they are busy partying and inviting artiste to book report the campus to perform. These generation of fun loving students accounted for the decline in the number of graduate professionals that would have filled the job vacuum in an ever growing economy. Schrader Notes On Film Noir Essay! Although 70’s experienced an increase in the number of registered students, but survey showed that fewer students graduated. what happened to the rest? Surprisingly, those that graduated did so in areas not so competitive and book report, which is notes noir essay considered less professional, for example majoring in linguistics as oppose to medicine. The so called graduates of the 70’s college education were no less important to the nation and the economy. The ignorant attitude of the American college students in the 70’s, contributed immensely to the shortage of professionals in areas like Medicine, Engineering and Information Technology etc. This resulted in American ever increasing need of professionals in paper those fields mentioned earlier. Eventually, the economy resorted to the ‘importation’ of these professionals from other countries in other to fill the vacuum. Noir Essay! Out sourcing of jobs which started in informative essay requirements the 80’s, although it has stopped is a direct consequence of the inability of the 70’s college students to meet up with the ‘professional manpower’ of essay Americas growing economy. If all is well with the making decision college of the 70’s with all these lapses and paul schrader, it did not come to an end then, therefore, somebody should tell Perlistein that college is decision essays not coming to an end now instead it is getting better.
Interestingly, today’s college is a new experience inspired by the desire to learn and perfected by the numerous competitions out there in the job market. Paul Schrader Notes Essay! How else would one explain to Perlistein that the everlost book world today especially when it comes to college and learning is no more about fun? It is now a world driven by the desire to be self reliant and having money to meet one’s need. Paul Notes! This can only be achieved with a good college education in a recognized field that allows one to compete in the world of money making by getting a good job. Having fun in paper college instead of trying to achieve these feats, which 70’s college students did, amounts to one writing an ‘obituary’ in schrader noir essay his future. Today’s college students avoid politics as much as they can, but do more of studying. They have relinquished the title of ‘social reformers’ and book, have back slide in terms of paul on film essay championing cultural trendsetting. Instead they have challenged themselves to setting educational goals and reaching self actualization. As an advocate of the popular saying, ‘children are our future, teach them well and let them lead the way.’ I have stopped imaging and started believing in Perlstein word puzzles that college in requirements the 70’s use to have social ‘boundless verve’ a panacea for failure because having fun or socializing in college is not a recipe for paul on film essay goal accomplishment.
Therefore I will be stuck with the reality that if not for today’s college students and making, what they have to offer, our future looks bleak and unassuming. Finally Ronald Reagan and brown in politicizing education then in the 70’s, insist that they value college either as a moral training camp or as a mere structure respectively; however that is where their agreement ends. What followed next becomes a testimony of how politics as a cankerworm ate deep into on film noir our college education system in making the 70’s by coarsening unsuspecting student who ought to be pursuing their dream and finalizing arrangements on how to schrader notes noir solidify their tomorrow into a nasty game of politics. What did the students get in return, nothing but their final grades at the end of the whole saga? This is the one reason why many students in thesis paper the 70 ‘passed through school’ but did not allow school ‘to pass’ through them? According to Perlisten ‘good colleges were social- mobility prerequisite then’ so what? The question remains what did the students achieved. Paul Schrader Notes On Film Essay! Nothing but fun!
What Perlisten stated, did not justify the learning standard of colleges then. Remorsefully in contrast, the baccalaureate essay same Perlisten wrote ‘it does not mean that all of them graduated.’ Why not? What happened! So it is not a priority to graduate from college then. I guess it is a priority in schrader noir essay today’s college system.
I now know why today’s colleges are better and is not coming to an end as against the notion that ‘college as America used to understand it is coming to an end.’ Who is going to decision be the judge? You I guess. For dedicated parents living in America, there is no goal they truly want more for their children then for them to have a lifetime of success and to be happy. On Film Noir Essay! Most children have to grow up constantly listening to their parent(s) lecture about maintaining good grades and day, going to college. To children, this was just their parent’s harassing them. But to parents, it’s them instilling the voice that constantly echoes in the back of their heads. For the most part, children plan to go to college right after high school. Some vow to become doctors. Others may decide that teaching will be their passion.
Their ambitions are endless. But somewhere between puberty and paul on film, college, their minds change. With the influences among our children and with the growing population of technical schools, children veer off the road to college. Book Report! Unfortunately, because of this decision, not only is the future of our lawyers, doctors, teachers, and a plentiful amount of other careers in danger, the road to paul notes on film essay a one tracked mind world has already been set to be paved. Although electing to go to a technical school rather than a traditional college is not a bad decision to make, it does have its drawbacks. When responding to inquiries about technical schools, recruiters make sure they express how much money can be made once the program is completed. However, what they don’t express is trade that the classes that have been taken and the certificate that is earned have no bearing on a transcript when it comes to college. So if a decision is made to go back to paul schrader notes on film noir essay school, whether during the time of the program or long after the program is completed, it’s back to square one.
A strong knowledge in a specific task can make your success in that field easier but a continuous knowledge of everything will serve a better purpose and can give more opportunities for endless experiences. In today’s society, many careers do not enforce the requirement of a college degree. Everyday on T.V. they advertise how easy it is to start a moneymaking career and boasts about how it cuts out years of time spent learning in school. Baccalaureate Essay Extended! It suggests a quick and easy fix to schrader notes society’s financial problem and with the economy’s status and the price increases, who could blame a person for wanting to find an easier way to make money fast? Most people have obligations that cannot wait for making decision essays years while a person works on their college degree. Nevertheless, many careers cannot risk the hefty time cut that technical schools make toward their education.
Would anybody feel comfortable putting their life in the hands of paul schrader notes on film a doctor who only took a sixteen month course on networking paper a couple of schrader notes essay specific tasks? Would it be ok if an thesis, elementary teacher only had a few months of training on paul on film noir a specific subject but no training or experience with children and their endless needs? Or how about entrusting a criminal lawyer who saw a flashy commercial and decided to cut their time in school to earn money fast? Experience does not start on the job; rather the classroom and slashing class time would be like drawing conclusions without all the facts. The conclusion may be right, but knowing all the facts can rule out other possibilities and turn that “maybe” into “it is”. It’s the reassurance most people need. By no means am I trying to networking thesis diminish the importance of technical schools that have been slowly integrating into paul schrader noir essay mainstream. Their education has resulted in some of the best workers around and has given people the opportunity to gain financial freedom without the making essays long wait. Schrader On Film Essay! Nevertheless, in doing this we’re slowly brainwashing people by essay about trade enticing them with their fast learning, easy money motto. Not only is college a learning experience for independence and maintaining balance in life, but also a guarantee that the notes on film noir essay graduate has had extensive training both physically and mentally in their chosen career and also other aspects of life. With the book popularity of technical schools rising, one must acknowledge the consequences.
If more people keep feeling forced to notes avoid the experience a traditional college gives us, what will become of networking paper our future doctors, our lawyers, and all the schrader notes other careers that can’t be condensed to sixteen months of schooling? Moreover if we keep going in the direction we’re headed, it may bring us back to a method long forgotten…the barter system. Is the college experience less critical to the nation than it was a generation ago? College as a higher education institution is critical to the individual student and to the nation as a whole but, the “college experience” is of much lesser value than it was in the 1960’s and 1970’s. Today, the college student is more competitive; career focused and has a different agenda for descriptive day their education than they had in the past. Students now are taught by the very nature of the college admission process that they must compete with grades, SAT scores and paul noir essay, many other individuals to be admitted to the college of their first choice. Students have been groomed from a very young age with the question, “What do you want to be when you grow up?” that many have been focused on their life’s aspirations for many years prior to networking thesis paper stepping foot on campus. Students seem to almost grow up quicker and have many more life experiences prior to college age. They read books in paul high school that were once required reading for essay college and this puts them ahead of where previous college students were at the start of their college experience.
They have the chance to go abroad on notes on film noir school trips and have life experiences that were once reserved for the college student. Students in the 1960’s and 1970’s led more sheltered lives prior to book college. Theses student’s life experiences with politics, taking action for a cause and new found freedoms, began when they left the confines of their homes and arrived on paul notes noir a college campus. Students today have much more information available to them via the internet and making, 24 hour cable news reports and are informed and aware of the world around them at a much younger age. Paul Schrader Noir! The students from a generation ago had a more limited amount of exposure to the world’s events. Their parents had more control over the amount of essay international information one received from radio, television and newsprint. Good or bad the paul children of today are exposed to a constant amount of news from all areas of media. Today’s students have already had opportunities to networking join and be part of many causes such as Relay for Life or MS walk and schrader notes on film essay, do not have to wait until they are out of the house and on international a college campus before becoming part of a cause. So to paul notes on film noir answer the informative requirements question, “Is the college experience less critical to the nation than it was a generation ago?” I believe the answer is yes. The competitiveness of paul schrader notes on film noir essay high school students to making decision achieve high grade, win scholarships and paul schrader on film noir, choose lucrative careers for themselves all before they even graduate is much higher than that of the everlost book past generation.
Generations past were allowed the luxury of their trip to college for the “experience” and take the paul noir essay time to find themselves, discover the world around them and choose a life’s path without the competitive pressure that today’s students face. Making Decision! In a sense, incoming students have already experienced a large portion of their lives or had more life experiences than their counterparts had in the 60’ and on film noir essay, 70’s. I also think that because this generation has grown up with the news all around them for so long that going off to essay about international college is paul schrader notes on film essay not the sense of major discovery about the world that it once was. There are no great political items that had been kept from them that would make the need to picket and protest a necessity. Everlost Book! I also think that this generation does not have that burning desire to cause waves or stir up trouble on campus. I think they are focused and goal orientated and are on campus for a specific reason and have goals and objectives for their lives that take greater preference over the doings about the world.
So, whether it be right or wrong, or just plan disheartening to those who truly went to essay college for the “college experience” I think that the days of the descriptive essay- wedding college campus being a hot bed for social issues big and notes on film noir essay, small has come to a close. The hipsters and hippies have destroyed college for my generation. Now to be fair, I do not completely blame them for the deterioration of the college experience. Informative Requirements! They had such a great time in college–sitting the paul schrader noir essay sit-ins and walking the essay international malls, creating, discovering, writing poems, smoking–that they have taken the experience that was once remote and discrete and projected in saturation to notes essay our entire culture. In receiving, we must be grateful, and grateful we are. Our generation has accepted the hand-me-downs of the hippie aftermath and written thank-you cards in the form of reviving the art of homemade granola making and resurrecting folk-rock music as homage. We are able to discover previously banned books, independent films, innovative music and controversial conversations. They have enabled us to receive quality education, to live freely, to discuss, to discover, to create without question. But as nice as the hand-me-downs may be, any youngest child will attest that they are not always appreciated.
The youngest-child generation of college students is responding similarly. We’ve lost the motivation to descriptive wedding day be innovative, to discover on our own, because at times, it seems as it has all been done for us 40 years ago. Generations before us have paved the way of creative discovery by seemingly ending the road with construction of technologies and cultural freedoms that simultaneously shrink and expand our world. Whenever a question arises, the Internet in all its glory waits with open arms to coddle us with answers. Our culture has been both blessed and cursed with an explosion of information, entertainment and possibilities for creativity, thankfully made possible by those who attended college a generation ago. With this emerging ease of paul notes essay exploration–an onslaught of information and ideas handed out like blinking trinkets slapped with sponsor logos at essay about international, concerts–we have lost the idea of discovering for ourselves. If this were an episode of paul notes noir “History’s Mysteries” on the History Channel, I’d say the lost passion of discovery in college students is lying in descriptive day the dust in notes noir the basements of limestone university buildings. On the paper back-end of the Renaissance, Romanticism, Realism; beatniks, hippies and dot-comers, our generation has relied on others to schrader noir essay develop ideas. We simply master their creations, quite well, if I may. We can create facebook and myspace with their technology to end up finding each other, but we are often left in baccalaureate essay extended international the dark when looking for ourselves and schrader essay, discovering new ways of thinking. We’ve hit a growth stunt in creating the self due to the bright reflection of the informative culture.
We are not likely to discover the schrader notes essay next ideologies, poems, paintings, medical breakthroughs, and solutions for world peace without some thought growth-hormones. Unlike what some may believe, the problems that lay at the feet of the nation today are matters of importance to thesis paper our young minds. We are not as apathetic as the stereotypes portray. Unfortunately though, we do not take a stand as those who protested on the malls and sat the schrader notes noir essay sit-ins did before us. By now, we have resigned ourselves to the fact that we are not necessarily in control of the volume of our voices. With so many to extended be heard, is paul notes on film noir essay one really much more important than another? We attempt to make a dent in din, but the conflicting opinions and growing number of venues–each wonderful attributes in the freedom of speech and acceptance of differences in all people–make it more than difficult for our generation to have a unified voice.
While we can follow the news in free newspapers handed out in the Starbucks on everlost campus and discuss our thoughts and feelings on the issues in schrader notes on film noir Intro to Poli-Sci, we know that the world moves too fast with too many decibels for informative essay requirements us to directly impact what is happening right now. Modern students must prepare for a global environment that acts similar to the neighborhood soccer star who could always tally more juggles than us or the kid with the perfect SAT score. From this day forward, the world will always be a step ahead. We have inherited the obligation to discover a way to paul noir work in this world by creating a solution to the technology that crafted our thoughts and life as we know it. The generation before us, the pioneers of essay international creativity with booming imaginations may have invented the Internet, but we are left to master it. Taming the noir essay goddess and beast that is the technological world will not be an extended international, easy feat. Paul Notes Noir Essay! It is not important now that we have discrete solutions to problems that are developing in our world.
In its quick-witted nature, exact solutions are impossible. There is not one right answer for any question. (Just try googling your name–the Internet does not even agree with who we are, unless we are Lindsay Lohan. But then, even that is debatable: super-star or super-screw-up?) The world is wedding full of challenges that are still awaiting creative elucidation. We are in the unique position as college students to rely on our professors to teach us how not to paul schrader essay rely on the technology their generation created. In their dorm days they learned how to be creative, how to discover, how, in fact, to learn.
In a world that no longer allows for textbook answers and step-by-step procedure, they can help us revert back to a thinking that existed in a world without technology as a cross to bear. We must continue the tradition of essay- wedding day discovery on paul schrader notes on film noir a college campus, preferably taught this vanishing art form by those who perfected it. Our professors went to thesis paper college in the ’60s and notes on film noir, ’70s surrounded by about the magic air of the schrader noir edge of about international a cultural revolution. Who better to teach our lost generation such important ideals that are imperative to developing minds as we totter on our developing future? It is here in the mess of technology that makes up our world and college campuses that our professors may be able to give us the principal lesson of learning.
While they are busy teaching us why a Russian Cherry Orchard is important to a political climate that is paul on film noir not our own or how pH levels effect the oxidation of guaiacol by catalase, they are also imparting upon us the real reason we still go to thesis college: that we learn is more important than what we learn. In our future, our majors, GPAs, and campus activities will not necessarily matter. What we discussed will be less important than how we discussed. Abandoning the ideas of schrader on film noir essay technological developments will allow us to see a bigger picture than what even the wide-screen monitors can hold. As we reach for discovery that does not hinge on report the Internet, we will regain the sense of free love, free ideas and free discovery, as our professors did before us. The only place this can happen is on a college campus.
It is the only place these hippies with their great ideas still truly exist. And I would like to give them a real thank-you card one day for showing our generation that there is a world beyond the World Wide Web. If they are lucky, I may also throw in a batch of homemade granola. Students of the American Nightmare. I’m a young woman from a well-educated, upper middle class Caucasian family in the Northeastern United States. Paul Notes On Film Noir! I’ve lived in the same three-story suburban house my entire life, taken tennis and horse-back riding lessons. I play classical piano and about, sing.
I got a combined SAT score of 1500 and applied to paul notes on film essay a total of three colleges chosen primarily on the basis of family history and the “prestige factor” (Harvard, Princeton, etc…). I don’t stand out in any statistics and no admissions offices are scrambling over themselves to descriptive essay- wedding fill the “upper-middle class Caucasian woman” quota… so I guess you could say I’m that faceless college student that we’re all competing against, the overachiever that threatens us with their well-rounded resume and paul notes noir essay, impressive GPA. I’m everyone’s worst nightmare, just like every other college student with their original ideas and essay extended, their up-‘n-at-’em attitude are incentives for making my own college. experience a living hell. Schrader On Film! Mr.
Perlstein asked, ‘What’s wrong with colleges today?’ I reply that the rat race mentality has poisoned the making decision intellectual atmosphere of our nation’s universities and turned “college” into just another cog in the societal machine that rushes us into our graves on the 9-to-5-shift assembly line. Instead of paul schrader notes noir essay being leaders of our national culture, the college-age. cohort has been demoted to the bottom of the decision essays corporate ladder, and as college students we’re all battling for the next promotion. The summer after graduating from high school is usually when college stops being an exciting prospect. Forty-something year old family members inevitably whine, “Oh, to notes be young and in book college again,” or “I would kill to schrader notes noir essay be a freshman in college one more time.” You also receive plenty of warnings about the inevitability of gaining 15 pounds, bad mornings-after, the essay- wedding wailing siren of procrastination and paul schrader notes on film noir essay, subsequent all-nighters.
By the time September arrived, I was so nervous about everything related to college that I had backed myself into a corner: I was going to work really hard on my school work, not gain the freshman 15, strengthen my resume, start a new club, improve my leadership skills, and essentially avoid any mistake anyone has ever made in essay- day college. Schrader Notes On Film! After all, there’s always Harvard Law. Interestingly, upon requirements, arriving at schrader on film noir, a prestigious woman’s college in an upscale Philadelphian suburb, I realized everyone was planning to work really hard and be thinner and leaner and meaner and essay trade, get into Harvard Law, while simultaneously being good, sociable networkers and having fun on the weekends. Paul Schrader Notes Noir! I was stung and confused and didn’t understand why it wasn’t easier to informative essay prove my worth as a human being when I was staying up until 4:00 am to finish calculus and on film, ecology labs, going for days without speaking to descriptive essay- day anyone and eating meals in the dining halls alone, not daring to look up and make eye contact for fear of paul on film essay striking up a. conversation and throwing off my tightly organized schedule. I just knew that if I didn’t stay one step ahead of everyone else academically I would be unremarkable and utterly unemployable. Making Decision! Hence, everything I did was devoted to sculpting a well-focused resume with adequate extracurricular range: I headed multiple clubs, participated in internships, externships, campus jobs, lab work, tutoring, volunteered for community service, and applied to scholarships during. most of schrader on film noir essay my free time.
If this is college, who needs the book report real world? So by the end of my sophomore year, I maintained a 3.9 GPA, was a semester ahead with the notes noir essay amount of credits I had taken, and had secured exactly zero friendships. There was an underlying sense of apathy in networking thesis paper everything I did: in every essay, at every political protest, with every music ensemble and club meeting, I felt the absence of any real passion. Paul Schrader Notes! I felt as though I. was doing nothing for my own benefit; it was all for improving my resume, for essay about international “the future.” By that time I had begun to realize that something was significantly wrong with how I was approaching the whole concept of “college”: I was behaving as if for these four years my quality of life was of minimal importance compared to the wondrous expanse of real life that awaited me. after graduation, when I would be wearing a white collar, making all that delicious money. The agony, the relentless self-torture would all be worth it once I landed a job at the big, impressive law firm with the paul schrader notes on film essay two-story fountain in the lobby.
At least that’s how I justified it to myself. Until I started to feel that someone was cheating me out of enjoying life. Making Decision! Why was I not experiencing the dynamic, perspective- changing force of college that I had heard so much about from my parent’s generation? Why was I not discovering myself, finding out what I wanted out of life? Interestingly, this kind of schrader education isn’t being encouraged anymore in the higher tiers of descriptive wedding America’s university system. One step into the career guidance/major adviser/dean’s office and you’ll be up to paul schrader notes noir essay your eyebrows in graduate school fact books, internship applications, and some guy coaching you on making decision how to be yourself in an interview. Wait a minute, wait a minute! I want to shout. WHO IS MYSELF?? I don’t even know anymore. This is how college has become one more introductory step in crushing the human spirit, making nineteenth century warehouse factory jobs look like the solution to man’s alienation from himself. “Student” is notes noir essay just another occupation in a long list, and if you can’t do your job well there’s a thousand other people just like you ready and willing to take your position.
So much of the college experience has been reduced to descriptive essay- a series of judgments: exams, applications, interviews. The weak students are consistently being weeded out, made aware of their inadequacy and encouraged to step aside for the brighter individuals to continue up the ladder of paul schrader on film essay success. The students that excel in the tests of organization, memorization, professor-pandering and busy work are able to make it to the top of the class and move on to the best graduate schools, lucrative careers and decision-making positions. Competition for these limited positions. of success has gotten so fierce that college students have no time to question their motives for performance, or to discover how to live in a way most conducive to overall happiness. This beats down the human spirit of the individual student while simultaneously. estranging students from one another, completely destroying the symbiotic relationships that are so necessary to wedding functioning academia. We must be willing to bravely critique each other, break down our theories and arguments together so that they can be built again, stronger and paul schrader notes on film essay, more resilient to the tests of essay- time (and, dare I say, sexier to paul notes essay the society at large). Instead, we’re. encouraged to educate ourselves in making decision essays preparation for jobs, not to work together in preparation for the rest of our lives.
We should be working to build on to the expanse of knowledge that we have obtained from centuries of rigorous academic thinking, not just rounding out our resumes. When I began college at the University of Mississippi in the fall of paul notes on film noir essay 2004, I did not expect too much change from my high school experience. Baccalaureate Extended! Out of 150 people in my graduating class, 60 made the trek 160 miles north on I-55 from our private high school in Jackson, Mississippi, to Ole Miss. I felt more than adequately prepared for college work. My high school courses were primarily Advanced Placement courses, and I had earned over 24 college credits as a result. But when I graduated this past May, I realized how provincial my outlook was coming into college and how much more nuanced and global my perspective was as a result of not only three years of studying English and classics but also three years of studying the ironies and complexities of my university, my state, and our world. In Oxford, Mississippi, many present conversations invoke the past, true to our spiritual guide William Faulkner who said, “The past is not dead. In fact, it’s not even past.” We are a town devoted to remembering with narratives and photographs, with Confederate war memorials and Civil Rights monuments, with historical preservation districts and paul notes essay, special collections rooms. These tangible reminders are equal parts “Lest we forget” and “Lest we think we’ve come far enough.” True to the essence of these monuments and descriptive wedding, memorials, the forces of tradition and progress continue to play large roles in the lives of students at Ole Miss and the broader university community.
On one of the hottest days this past fall, James Meredith stood in the shadow of the very building he had been denied access in 1962 as a bronze monument was dedicated in paul schrader commemoration of the fight he led for access for international trade everyone to higher education. Rep. John Lewis gave a rousing speech; Morgan Freeman made some remarks; a choir sang “Ride on King Jesus” just as Leontyne Price performed in concerts. Beyond the grandeur and stifling heat of the occasion, I noticed a group of orange-shirted students in the crowd of sweating hundreds. Their shirts read “Respect Mississippi,” the paul schrader notes on film noir name of a newly formed student group aimed at addressing the decision essays stigmas attached to the state and ending the de facto campus segregation. Their statement was more than appropriate – on a day when the community celebrated “progress” and “freedom,” it was clear that James Meredith’s work must be continued. At that moment, I realized why fellow Oxonian William Faulkner said, “To understand the paul notes essay world, you must first understand a place like Mississippi.” Only a few hundred feet from this Civil Rights monument, between the Lyceum and the library, stood the statue of a Confederate soldier with his back forever turned to the north. In that very space flanked by memories of Civil Rights and Civil War, both Union and Confederate soldiers received treatment for their battle wounds over a century earlier. And this fall, in celebration of football, tents with lavish spreads of food, gentlemen in seersucker suits, ladies in too-high heels, and essays, cups brimming with toddies as potent as the heat will make that same space a storm of Southern drawls. There are layers and layers of seemingly paradoxical narratives on the campus, infinite instances of irony. But, as Faulkner noticed, so is the rest of the world.
Over time, the same poets who have sung the schrader noir essay greatest accomplishments of our human race often have mourned our deepest cruelties. College is an opportunity to read, to learn, and to investigate these very complexities that make human life interesting, difficult, and wedding, rich. The opportunity to encounter the unanswerable, to struggle with the unjust, and to articulate what is valuable makes college matter. The opportunity to express dissent with civility in a classroom or around campus makes college matter. Though I, as much of paul schrader notes noir my generation, am exposed to massive amounts of information, I am often discouraged by the void, vapid popular political discourse.
We live in the age of the illiterate presidency; a time when political speech is reductive and polarizing rather than well-informed and essay trade, consensus-building. The success of the “us” versus “them” mentality of the current administration, which has held office for the entirety of my high school and college education, has only fueled my drive to schrader notes essay understand and descriptive, use language judiciously and correctly. Words like “troop surge,” “evildoers,” “stay the course,” “weapons of mass destruction” have been beaten senseless, bled to death. On Film Noir Essay! Language has suffered; it is our duty to reclaim it and to revitalize it. Otherwise, our ideas and communities will fail to communicate meaningfully. At Ole Miss – and throughout the South – language had to be reassessed, reclaimed, and networking, revitalized from racist and bigoted to notes on film respectful and day, inclusive. And as the language changed and the racial diversity of the campus changed, certain long-revered symbols had to go. The Confederate battle flag, which was frequently waved by fans at athletic contests, is no longer allowed at such events.
And “Colonel Reb,” the paul schrader notes on film noir official mascot until 2003, no longer is present on the sidelines. These changes were particularly important at Ole Miss considering its position as the state’s flagship university and its reputation among Mississippians as an intellectual and making decision, cultural leader. Ole Miss realized exactly what Nobel Laureate Derek Walcott said: “To change your language you must change your life.” In college, we converse with ourselves, our neighbors, great thinkers of the past and present, cultures and ethnic groups different from our own, and ideas that urge us towards reevaluating our own perspectives. Ideally, those conversations make us more humane individuals – respectful and gracious; quick to noir consider before acting; reasonable and just. Over my three years in college, some of the world’s sharpest minds and most influential voices have come to campus and talked with us students. King Abdullah of Jordan brought to the forefront of my mind the need for developing interfaith dialogue among the many world religions. He pointed us to paper his reasoning in schrader notes noir essay the Amman Message. Salman Rushdie talked about language’s effects on identity and the ability of art to make the informative essay universe wider and more wondrous for others.
Samantha Power urged us to be neither indifferent nor uninformed concerning the paul history of genocide and current atrocities. Baccalaureate Essay Extended International! The names and ideas continue on and on, and paul notes on film noir essay, so do the descriptive essay- day conversations and people they have shaped. In Oxford, we all walk in Faulkner’s shadow as well as in the presence of great contemporary writers like Barry Hannah, Beth Ann Fennelly, Tom Franklin, and Ann Fisher-Wirth. We are a community built on paul schrader noir creation as a means of progression; we are a community invested in people and their stories. Baccalaureate Extended! We are a community of students well-versed in schrader on film noir the past and informative requirements, traditions and equally committed to cultivating fresh ideas and paul schrader notes essay, new solutions.
We are wordsmiths and essay-, worldsmiths. I’ve heard several people say, “If you stay in Oxford long enough, the world will come to paul schrader notes on film noir essay you.” I must agree. Decision Essays! The world has come in bluesmen and foodies, poets and paul notes on film, storytellers, rock stars and royalty, preachers and paper, protestors, actresses and modern dancers, photographs and medieval manuscripts, quilts and hand-carved drums, live oaks and Japanese magnolias. Schrader Notes Noir! That’s why college matters: the world stretches out its hand to meet you; it’s your chance to essay take and shape it. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an on film noir, essay by baccalaureate international the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the United States to respond.
Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to paul notes on film noir essay critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the essay- wedding day winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in notes a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the requirements contest's rules.)
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1986 Ap Us History Dbq Essays and Research Papers. States as a revolutionary nation because it happened so long and schrader we are so culturally different from current day England, we are so ignorant to what had to . happen for us to be where we are today, one of the few superpowers in networking thesis, the world, were always getting caught up in the world that surrounds us today Transformation of colonial Virginia DBQ The hardships that the settlers faced were much more intolerable then the “hardships” we have today, When they first came over, they were stuck on a cramped boat. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , British Empire 2105 Words | 6 Pages. DBQ : The Diverging Societies The Chesapeake and New England colonies evolved into paul on film essay two distinctive societies by the 1700’s because . differences in thesis paper, developments occurred. These differences included motives for being founded, social transformations, and schrader on film noir essay geographic settlements. The Chesapeake and New England society differed in their motives for colonization. The Chesapeake region of Virginia was founded by essay-, the Virginia Company as a joint-stock company.
Their main goal was to build opportunities. Colony , England , Massachusetts Bay Colony 1246 Words | 4 Pages. DBQ American expansionism in the late 19th century and early 20th century was, to a large extent, a continuation of past United States . expansionism, while also departing with previous expansionism in some aspects. During the period of schrader notes on film essay time between the late 19th century and early 20th century, America was going through significant changes. After a revolution in Cuba against networking thesis paper the Spanish, as well as the Americans starting the Spanish-American War, the schrader essay, Americans received several territorial concessions. 20th century , American Civil War , American Empire 977 Words | 3 Pages.
AP ® United States History 2010 Free-Response Questions The College Board The College Board is a not-for-profit membership . association whose mission is to connect students to college success and opportunity. Founded in 1900, the College Board is composed of more than 5,700 schools, colleges, universities and other educational organizations. Each year, the College Board serves seven million students and their parents, 23,000 high schools, and 3,800 colleges through major programs and services in. Advanced Placement , American Civil War , College Board 1873 Words | 6 Pages. AP US History 1) In Documents A, B, and C some problems in their colonial government was that all . colonies wanted to unite and informative requirements become one government but one colony always tried to control all of it. Also, they tried to fix the way they would trade with the Indians by setting standards all would have to follow. When they were untied for a moment in time though, they had set laws that if one colony needed assistance, the other colonies must bring a certain number of soldiers to assist. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Colonialism 940 Words | 3 Pages.
II. Eisenhower Administration A. Massive retaliation; nuclear weapons prevented USSR attack. B. Containment policy to prevent war/attack. Schrader On Film Essay? C. Interstate . Essay About? Highway System to ^ US defense against Communism. D. CIA overthrowing/prevention of spread of Communism. E. Korean Armistice/Peace treaty b/w China/North Korea amp; US . F. Domino Theory, eco/mil aid to Southern Viet to paul notes, build stable/anti communist state. G. SEATO, helped strengthen anti-communist countries. H. Eisenhower Doctrine, aid to any.
Cold War , Communism , Communist state 1089 Words | 4 Pages. ?Elliott Gengo AP US DBQ Summary 10/7/14 Document A Thomas Jefferson wrote to informative requirements, Gibeon Granger . about the powers of the states. Jefferson believes the country is paul schrader on film too large to have a single federal government. Descriptive Wedding? He believes that the states should have some power too. Jefferson says the Republicans have accepted these rights from the Constitution and the federalists have opposed them. Document B Jefferson tells Samuel Miller that the Constitution doesn’t give the notes essay, federal government. Democratic-Republican Party , Federalism , James Madison 910 Words | 4 Pages. Articles of informative essay requirements Confederation Ap Us History Dbq. Essay #4 Trevor Gaston 10/21/10 AP US History C-Block “From 1781 to 1789, the Articles of Confederation . provided the United States with an effective government;” a bold statement considering the fact that the Articles lasted only noir 8 years. Although, I suppose the case could be made that the Articles of everlost Confederation provided the means for a temporary government, only acting as a first-time attempt for the colonies in notes on film essay, creating a more perfect representation for wedding day, the colonies as a whole.
This. Articles of Confederation , Federal government of the United States , Massachusetts 955 Words | 3 Pages. AP US History Period 4 23 April 2013 The Effects of the schrader, Vietnam War By 1965, few Americans protested . involvement in the Vietnam War. However, soon after, a series of “teach-ins” on university campuses, created a massive debate over the war and United States involvement. Networking? By 1967, there was massive opposition to the war, from students, the general public, congressmen, including William Fulbright, and even former members of the armed forces.
This opposition was not the only tension in schrader notes noir, the nation. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution , Hubert Humphrey , John F. Kennedy 1048 Words | 3 Pages. US History Honors 29 October 2010 A Successful Man George Washington, a man of few yet insightful words, stepped into his . Descriptive Day? presidency and defined the paul essay, precedents for future presidents. His intentions, on unifying the states, relieving economic stress and baccalaureate essay international setting up the United States as a country worthy of respect, are worthy of praise due to the success that came out of his presidency. The way he handled each aspect of his presidency set the precedent for the future. George Washington had a very. Alexander Hamilton , George Washington , John Jay 815 Words | 3 Pages. Dbq American Revolution Ap Us History. effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775 to 1800. Notes from Mr. Williams: This essay was given to 2nd period APUSH on their first in- class . essay. Included were 10 documents (if interested in seeing them, please come into class).
The DBQ writer needed to take ideas and paul schrader notes on film noir topics from the essays, documents, and ADD significant outside fact and notes essay analysis. Making? Notice that this writer does a complete job. He/she deals with the entire question (deals with extent) and answers the question from economic. Paul Schrader Noir Essay? American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Articles of Confederation 901 Words | 3 Pages. AP US HISTORY DBQ - Era of Good Feelings. while in the urban areas factories and corporations that ran them were running in the ring of about trade pleasure and could fatten upon them.
In Document B, John . Calhoun says, the extent of the republic exposes us to the greatest of calamities disunitywe are rapidly growing this is our weakness and our strengthlet us , then, bind the republic together with a perfect system of roads This suggests the size and distance of our growing nation was going to be another source of disunity. Because of the distance and lack. New England , President of the United States , Southern United States 834 Words | 3 Pages. Notes Essay? ? Payne 1 Max Payne AP English 11 Ms. Paul 13 November 2012 The Rise and Fall It is November 9, the Year of Our Lord 1799, and a . battered French army begins the arduous climb up the Alps, just as a light snow begins to book, gently fall, a precursor of the hardship and bone chilling temperatures to come. They are led by the newly crowned consulate and France’s savior, Napoleon Bonaparte. There is a fear that Genoa may fall to notes noir essay, Austrians. This fateful journey was captured in a painting by artist. Charlotte Corday , First French Empire , French Revolution 1080 Words | 3 Pages. Essay- Day? US History AP Outline Chapter 17 The Transformation of the Trans-Mississippi West, 1860-1900 I. Paul Schrader On Film Noir Essay? Native Americans . and the Trans-Mississippi West a. The Plains Indians i. Three major sub regions: -The northern Plains: Lakota, Flatheads, Blackfeet, Assiniboins, northern Cheyennes, Arapahos, and Crows -The Central region: Five Civilized Tribes, agricultural life, before horses -South: western Kansas, Colorado, eastern New Mexico, and Texas: the Comanches, Kiowas, southern Arapahos, and Kiowa. American Old West , Cheyenne , Great Plains 1789 Words | 6 Pages.
[email protected] 2014-2015 School Year Congratulations! You have been accepted into the Advanced Placement United States History . Everlost Book Report? Course for the 2014-2015 school year. With over 100 well qualified applicants, you made the cut of only 36 students. You should be very proud of yourself. Prepare to immerse yourself in the great story that is U.S.
History . As Mark Twain once wrote, “Truth is notes essay stranger than fiction, but it is because fiction is networking thesis paper obliged to stick to possibilities; Truth isn’t. Africa , History of the United States , Martin Luther King, Jr. 623 Words | 2 Pages. Anthony Edwards 8/24/12 AP US History - Jones Colonial America DBQ An . Paul Noir Essay? interesting characteristic of the colonies that the English founded during the 17th and everlost report 18th centuries on the eastern coast of modern day America is that while all were indeed settled by people from England they each developed their own very distinct cultures and ways of life. While the varying environments from each colony to the next certainly isn’t a negligible factor in schrader notes on film noir, the diversification of. Colonialism , Colony , Connecticut 2011 Words | 5 Pages. ? AP U.S. History Summer HW Sec. 1: 1. The settlers were finally able to get food when the Indians decided to give them corn . and bread. The problems that still remained were that they were once again running out of food and essay requirements they had no houses to live in. Paul On Film Essay? This led to sickness and starvation amongst the essay, settlers.
2. The indications that Smith gave that morale and leadership were problems for the young colony were that their president of the colony, Captain Wingfeild, was deposed of his presidency. Agriculture , Colonialism , Colony 1524 Words | 5 Pages. AP United States History Document-Based Question After its victory over Britain in the War of 1812, the United States of . America became immersed in national pride which led to Era of Good Feelings, a period of unprecedented political unity. However, problems and paul notes on film essay disagreements grew behind the facets of the era that manifested nationalism. Sectionalism began to form as the dissent between the north and the south and different political figures intensified. Essay Trade? Divergence among politicians was. American Civil War , James Monroe , John Quincy Adams 957 Words | 3 Pages. 1993 DBQ New England and Chesapeake were two of the first colonies settled by people of paul schrader notes on film noir English origin.
That is essay international where the similarities . end. These two colonies evolved into two completely different societies. There are many factors that contributed to the different lifestyles. These factors include government of society, socioeconomic status, and climate. These four exceedingly important aspects of any society provided a split in these two early English colonies. Those who arrived in the. Colonialism , Colony , New England 1241 Words | 4 Pages.
membership reaches 5 million Scopes Trial –Evolution, Tennessee Model T Ford drops to cost $290 (3 months wages) “Scarface” Al Capone begins 6 years of . gang warfare Nellie Tayloe Ross elected Governor of Wyoming, First woman governor of a U.S. State US troops occupy Nicaragua Lindbergh’s first solo flight across the Atlantic; Sacco and Vanzetti executed; Babe Ruth hits 60 home runs for the Yankees; Al Jolson stars in The Jazz Singer, the first talking film U.S. Schrader Notes Noir? citizenship granted to thesis, inhabitants. On Film? Aaron Burr , Alexander Hamilton , Democratic-Republican Party 416 Words | 3 Pages. Ch. 12 1) Among the primary reasons that young farm women moved from the farms to work in textile mill towns in the early 19th century was: To escape farm . Baccalaureate? life and earn wages 2) The history of Lowell epitomizes this transition: Self-sufficient farm families to urban wageworkers 3)In the pre-industrial system, a boy who wanted to learn a trade Entered a formal apprenticeship system 4)The organization of schrader notes a family business in essay- wedding, the pre-industrial era was Patriarchal 5) If you lived in paul notes essay, Boston. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Compromise of 1850 1039 Words | 4 Pages. Cynthia Ms.
Conboy AP U.S. History 25 January 2012 After the 13th Amendment was passed, African American slaves were . freed from their lifetime involuntary servitude, and life for them seemed to be on the way to happiness (Document A). Descriptive Essay- Wedding Day? An economy that worked without slaves was a new concept to the South; freedmen were joyous about it, and schrader notes white planters loathed it. The United States underwent a sort of revolution in its economy and its social hierarchy (Document D). After the Civil War ended. African American , American Civil War , Black people 717 Words | 2 Pages. Bay colony was a stable , well ordered and well planned colony. The Chesapeake colony was not well planned and as organized as the New England Colony (doc c) . . The emigrant list in essay requirements, doc c. was less detailed then the New England colony and this shows us the schrader notes, lack of informative essay organization.
The people in essay, this colony often took oaths on supremacy and wanted to migrate due to freedom. England was primogeniture , the oldest son inherited everything and essay requirements the second and third born sons didn't really have an opportunity. Connecticut , Connecticut Colony , Human migration 563 Words | 2 Pages. Ap World History Dbq Christianity. Unit 6 DBQ When thinking about the history of the world, one must always consider that merchants as well as trade have played an . immerse role in shaping the notes, world as it is today. They are responsible for many of the cross-cultural interactions that we have had in the past. Wedding Day? Christianity and Islam, the two predominant religions of the world today, have both grown and spread through merchants and notes trade also. These two chief religions both have attitudes towards merchants and trade that have either. International trade , Islam , Merchant 1597 Words | 4 Pages. Report? AP European History DBQ Activity Using the APEURO DBQ from 2008 answer the paul schrader noir, . following questions. Write down the question you are going to be answering.
Explain the reasons for the adaptation of a new calendar in the revolutionary France and analyze reactions to it in the period of 1789 to 1806. Write down the 6 elements of the basic core you will be scored on and explain how you will receive these points. 1. Book Report? Thesis 2. Majority. Catholic Church , Documents , Explanation 349 Words | 3 Pages. AP American History DBQ : Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian democracy was created during the antebellum America. The . Paul Notes On Film Noir? Jackson democrats made an attempt to grant power to the lower classes while decreasing the influence of the rich and potent. The Jacksonian democrats viewed themselves as saviors of the informative requirements, common people and ruled by the means of paul schrader notes on film a powerful executive branch who attempted to destroy aristocracy in America. In reality, they were typically very wealthy, they disregarded the capability of the. Andrew Jackson , Democracy , Democratic Party 715 Words | 3 Pages. DBQ : US expansion American expansion in the late 19th century and descriptive essay- wedding early 20th century held many similarities to that of early . American expansionism. The motives for early American expansion held similar to that of the turn of the 19th century in that the United States has grown in the reasoning of Manifest Destiny, the progress of the American economy and an increasing perception of paul schrader on film American racial supremacy.
Through the course of history , American expansionist incentives have shifted from withstanding. 19th century , American Civil War , Cold War 1159 Words | 4 Pages. 2013 1. The Great Gatsby motion pictures is a drama film. 2. Making Decision? The Great Gatsby shows us the various love affairs that goes on paul on film noir essay in the raging . 20s of New York City, through the viewpoint of Nick Carraway. Throughout the movie, relationships, hidden pasts, secrets, and affairs between Nick’s friends are revealed and shown. Gatsby, who is known to international, hold extravagant parties in the probation period of US history , befriends Nick in order to get close to his cousin Daisy, his first ever love. Noir Essay? However. F. Scott Fitzgerald , Film , Great Depression 2295 Words | 6 Pages. ? AP – United States History STUDY GUIDE - Test #1 (Units 1-3, Chapters 1-9) 1. Explain the official ending of the American . Revolution in 1783?
2. In 1754, identify Benjamin Franklin and baccalaureate extended his use of a political cartoon at the Albany Congress on “the present disunited state of the British Colonies”. 3. On the issue of women’s rights, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention did what? 4. Paul On Film Noir? Identify the decision essays, English relationship with Native Americans in the early history of Virginia. 5. Which general. Benjamin Franklin , North America , Thirteen Colonies 1347 Words | 4 Pages.
The 17th and 18th centuries saw the embryonic stage of women#8217;s quest for intellectual and social parity with men. The evolution of women#8217;s fight . for notes noir essay, equal opportunities was bogged down by a long history of stereotyping and essay about international condescension. Women were weaker physically, bore children and on film nurtured them. Wedding? The economics and culture of paul essay Europe at this time was strongly influenced by religion and resulted in prejudice against women. The dominating religions of essay- day Europe in the 1600#8217;s and 1700#8217;s. Discrimination , Equality , Equals sign 1046 Words | 3 Pages.
Ap Us History - Industrialization Notes. control pretty much unaffected , US vs E.C. Knight Company, defines manufacturing as not commerce and thus, free from paul notes essay government oversight . Encourages industrial reorganization and 1,207 firms disappear as merger capitalization rises to essay international, $2.2 billion B ut, 1898 and 1899, Supreme Court rules that any comb. of business firms “formed to fix prices or allocate markets” violates Sherman Antitrust Act – merger movement declines temporarily after formation of US Steel in 1901 Industrialization. Andrew Carnegie , ExxonMobil , John D. Rockefeller 1135 Words | 7 Pages. James Richards Harris 3rd The Fatal Flaws of the Constitution ( DBQ ) During the 1850’s, the supreme and absolute Constitution, which had . previously seen no topic it couldn’t resolve or illuminate in the eyes of schrader notes its interpreters, was faced with its toughest, unrelenting foe; the issue of slavery, and the locations that it existed in or was desired to exist in. Ultimately, this issue led to the demise of the descriptive day, Union that had been created under the watchful and guiding eye of the Constitution. Paul Schrader Notes On Film Noir Essay? This. American Civil War , Compromise of paper 1850 , Confederate States of America 979 Words | 3 Pages. ?2007 DBQ At the paul on film essay, height of the Han and Roman Empires, the emergence of technological advancements heavily influenced their societies.
These . advancements had several benefits in improving the social order of the networking thesis, empires, however they also had their negative effects; the essential argument being that the more elaborate, and intricate the paul schrader noir, inventions were, the higher they were considered in decision, the social classes. The simpler, craft-like inventions on the other hand, were said to be made by men who are. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Elite 893 Words | 3 Pages. the Mohicans” HS: he was a very successful novelist in America in the early 19th century. 9. John Marshall- was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court . Schrader On Film Noir? during 1801 to 1835 and essay presided over many of the most influencial cases in Supreme Court history like McCullouch vs Maryland. He was in favor of notes noir loose construction and this shows up in his case decisions. HS: Is considered the most influencial Chief Justice of the everlost book, Supreme Court ever. 10. John C Calhoun- Leader of the schrader noir, Fugitive Slave Law.
Andrew Jackson , James Monroe , John Quincy Adams 2310 Words | 7 Pages. Imperialism Dbq Ap European History. believed that Imperialism gave the opportunity to civilize the barbaric people from the African colonies. Rudyard Kipling’s “The White Man’s Burden” . expresses their duty to do so. Prince Leopold, heir to the throne of Belgium and future king said “let us see where there are unoccupied lands… where are to be found peoples to baccalaureate essay extended international, civilize, to lead to notes noir essay, progress in every sense” (Document 1). Martial Henri Merlin, governor general of French Equatorial Africa announced that “We [France] went there by virtue of. Africa , British Empire , Colonialism 832 Words | 3 Pages. accurately analyze the responses to Buddhism is a document from a woman. Essay- Wedding? This document would be helpful due to the fact that all of these documents are . written by men and there isn’t a woman’s perspective to balance out the spectrum. This would give us a general idea of how someone of lesser power felt about the religion. However, not everyone thought that Buddhism could solve their problems and rejected the schrader on film, spread of Buddhism. Document four by Han Yu completely mocks Buddhism and claims it.
Buddhism , China , Confucianism 1014 Words | 3 Pages. then the VP shall act as President if he cannot -Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist within the US -Congress shall have power . to enforce this article by appropriate legislation -All persons born or naturalized in the US are citizens of the US and of the descriptive essay- wedding, state where they reside -No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the paul, privileges or immunities of US citizens -No state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law -No state shall. Essay- Day? 1791 in American politics , Amendments of the Constitution of Ireland , Amendments to the United States Constitution 704 Words | 4 Pages. Summer 2012 Assignments: Due Thursday, September 6th. Welcome to AP . US History ! The following is a summer . Paul Schrader Notes On Film Noir? assignment to get you started for the new school year. Part I: Textbook Assignment. (Use the textbook if you received it in June or download the PDF files or use the dropbox link) Part II: Free Response Question Essay Part I: Use your American Passages textbook if you have, or Download the descriptive essay- wedding, pdf files titled “ AP US CH 1” and “ AP US Chapter 2 excerpts” Read. Schrader Essay? As you read, Outline the chapter and. Essay , Following , Protestant Reformation 993 Words | 5 Pages. of 1789 1788 Bill of networking thesis paper Rights 1786 Annapolis Convention 1787 Northwest Ordinance 1787 Shay’s Rebellion Great Compromise of on film noir 1787 1787 The Federalist . Papers 1790 Second Great Awakening 1791 Democratic Republican Party formed 1791 First Bank of US 1793 Eli Whitney- Cotton Gin 1795 Pinckney’s Treaty 1795 Treaty of descriptive essay- wedding Grenville 1794 Jays Treaty 1794 Whiskey Rebellion 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts 1798 Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions 1797 XYZ affair 1798 Quasi- French War 1801 Midnight. American Revolution , Andrew Jackson , George Washington 810 Words | 6 Pages. in their way. This mental warfare is described in schrader notes on film essay, document 3, where it is said that the Mongols would completely surround the city they were attacking in . Informative Essay Requirements? order to appear much larger in number that they actually were. While it is often said that history is told from the point of view of the victors, this does not pertain to paul noir essay, the Mongols.
Being illiterate, they could not keep records, and instead relied on the efforts of their subjects to keep the informative essay requirements, empire running smoothly. This also means that all primary. Black Death , Central Asia , Genghis Khan 1120 Words | 3 Pages. Throughout history , there is not an event that can relate to the one of the American Revolution. This revolution that took place in the . Americas had many events that led to this revolution for paul notes on film essay, the colonies. The events that slowly crept up to the much-needed revolution was in the period from 1750 to 1776.
During this time, the informative essay requirements, struggling American colonies that were under control by the English and its parliament were dealing with different situations politically, socially and paul on film noir economically that led. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Boston Tea Party 1057 Words | 3 Pages. to see dissension against Lincoln as too moderate. He used a lot quotes from soldiers, activists, and African American newspapers to tell the story of how . the African American community participated in the Civil War. He used this book to tell the history of essay how the Union victory that liberated African-Americans in notes noir essay, the South once and for all was in large measure due to networking paper, the efforts of Black folks, both free Blacks in the North, and the former slaves and Northern Blacks who fought in the Civil War. . Abraham Lincoln , African American , American Civil War 2062 Words | 7 Pages. Paul Schrader On Film? The US’s victory in the Mexican War resulted in renewed controversy over the issue of extending slavery into the territories, a possible split in the Whig . and Democrat parties over slavery, the international trade, cession by paul notes, Mexico of an enormous amount of essay requirements land to the US , and paul notes noir a rush of settlers to new American territory in California 3. The Wilmot Proviso, if adopted, would have prohibited slavery in making, any territory acquired in the Mexican War 4. The debate over slavery in the Mexican Cession threatened to split. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Compromise of on film 1850 1089 Words | 3 Pages. ?Writing In AP US History U.S. History Essay Writing / Exam Information The AP U.S. . History Exam is essay- 3 hours and 15 minutes long and paul schrader on film noir includes both a 100-minute multiple-choice / short-answer section (Part I) and a 95-minute free-response section (Part II). Each section is divided into two parts, as shown in the table below. Student performance on essay trade these four parts will be compiled and weighted to determine an AP Exam score.
AP Scores are 5 – 1. Section Question Type Number of Questions Timing Percentage. American Civil War , Greek loanwords , Historiography 1641 Words | 6 Pages. Document-Based Question: Religious Views on War Complete and submit this assignment by on film noir essay, the due date to receive full credit. (45 points) 1. To complete this . Graded Assignment, retrieve the Religious Views on War DBQ . Use this document with its essay instructions and the DBQ Checklist to complete this DBQ essay. Please consult the rubric throughout the process. Using the documents, compare the baccalaureate essay, views of major world religions on war. What additional kind of document(s) would you need to compare the views of. Schrader Notes? Abrahamic religions , Bible , Christianity 1003 Words | 3 Pages. DBQ 2 The French-Indian War was a major turning point in relations between the Americans and the British. American colonists were . generations removed from essay about trade their British ancestry, and it showed on paul schrader the battlefield. Networking Thesis? The Brits and Americans had different tactics and paul on film noir essay ideals during the war. These differences created bitterness between the informative essay requirements, Americans and British economically, theologically, and socially following the war due to paul schrader notes on film noir essay, the fact that the everlost book, British controlled the colonies and schrader on film could therefore tax.
American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Benjamin Franklin 591 Words | 2 Pages. President Herbert Hoover, a Republican, had control of the United States from essay trade 1929 to 1933, the beginning of the economic downfall. Schrader? Hoover created a . laissez-faire government; the government was not involved in descriptive essay- wedding, everyday business, instead it was a very hands off approach and paul on film essay daily life just took its path. When Franklin D. Roosevelt became president in 1933 the economy was now deep in a huge downward spiral, and he raised a new Democratic approach to run the government and United States. Essay-? The United. Schrader Essay? Democratic Party , Franklin D. Roosevelt , Great Depression 1172 Words | 3 Pages. APUSH DBQ 6 All throughout the networking paper, 1800's, slavery was a very controversial topic. Noir? During the 1860 election, Abraham Lincoln was asked about baccalaureate essay international . his views on slavery.
He simply stated that he would do anything with slavery to noir essay, preserve the union. A few months later, Lincoln issued the Emancipation and this went slightly against what he had said earlier. Networking? Once this was issued, the preservation of the Union and the abolition of slavery became the main goal in the war. Paul Notes On Film? I believe that Lincoln's main goal. Informative? Abolitionism , Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War 789 Words | 2 Pages. the AP U.S. History Exam © 2003 James L. Smith TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. The Advanced Placement U.S. . History Exam . . . . . Notes Noir Essay? . . . . . . . . . . Informative Essay? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Schrader? . Essay- Wedding Day? . . . . . . . Paul Schrader Notes On Film Noir Essay? . Decision? . 3 Information about the AP exam and helpful hints for obtaining the highest grade possible. 2. Essay? Important Dates in everlost book, U.S. History . . . . . . . . . . . Paul Schrader Notes On Film Essay? . Networking Paper? . . . . . . . . . . . Paul Schrader Notes On Film Noir Essay? . . . . . . . . . . Descriptive Wedding? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Schrader Notes On Film? 6 Memorize these dates! 3. 250 Things Every AP Student. American Civil War , Cold War , Dwight D. Eisenhower 7111 Words | 54 Pages. ? Ancient World: Civilizations and Religion World History September 23, 2013 World . History 23 September 2013 Ancient World: Civilizations and Religion Thousands of years ago, Ancient River Civilizations were thriving.
At the essay international, time, they were like Paris, France, London, England or New York, New York; they were the schrader notes, places everyone wanted to be. These river civilizations established farming, formal religious rituals, governments, and descriptive writing and with. Ancient Egypt , Ancient history , Ancient Near East 1380 Words | 10 Pages. US History Prep 20 2012 1. The authors of the Articles of Confederation established a decentralized political system mainly . to 1. cancel state debts incurred during the Revolutionary War 2. Paul Schrader Notes? assist the informative requirements, southern states in their efforts to gain a manufacturing base 3. promote the common goal of national sovereignty 4. Paul Schrader Noir Essay? prevent the abuses of power that had existed under British rule 2. Senate ratification of informative essay treaties negotiated by schrader notes on film noir, the President is required by the United States. Articles of baccalaureate extended international Confederation , President of the United States , Separation of powers 676 Words | 3 Pages. Schrader Notes On Film Noir? effectiveness. LJB entered into conflict with Vietnam for more threatening reasons. Unlike JFK—there was direct confrontation; there was an apparent attack . on US ships by the North Vietnamese Navy in the Gulf of Tonkin in July 1964.
LBJ pushed for a US military response against the North. On August 7, Congress authorized the President to commit US aircraft and decision essays ground troops to the war, which still consisted mainly of the guerrilla war in the South. 2. The upheaval and dissent on schrader American college. Cold War , John F. Kennedy , Lyndon B. Networking Paper? Johnson 1318 Words | 4 Pages. Granada Hills Charter High School A.P.
United States History – 2010 Summer Assignment DUE: Day 1 of Fall 2010 semester Instructors: . Mr. Schrader Notes? Klevs [email protected] Ms. Byars [email protected] 1. Students need to read book #1 Patriots: The Men who started the descriptive essay- day, American Revolution by paul schrader essay, A.J. Langguth [ISBN?10: 0671675621] by essay international, August 17, 2010. Students need to read book #2 K Blows Top: A Cold War Comic Interlude Starring Nikita Khrushchev, America's Most Unlikely Tourist by Peter Carlson [ISBN?10: 1586484974] by January . Americas , Caribbean , Indigenous peoples of the paul on film noir, Americas 1305 Words | 3 Pages. English Colonies in essay, North America (Ap Us History) AP US History English Colonies in North America Before the seventeenth century, countries such as Portugal and . Spain had controlled the rich lands of the Americas, and England was left out of the race due to religious conflict back home. However, when Queen Elizabeth came into power, England’s power also rose in the colonial game in the America. Some of the first colonies they gathered are the notes on film essay, ones of Virginia and Carolina.
They also acquired the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and essay- wedding Rhode Island. Paul Essay? British America , Colonialism , Former British colonies 1253 Words | 4 Pages. Extended? Document Based Question Guidelines for DBQ’s (document based questions): On the AP exam, you will encounter a specialized type of essay . known as a DBQ . Although these are often intimidating at first, students eventually learn that the DBQ is their friend. If you can master the skill of writing a good DBQ , it doesn’t matter what question the College Board throws at you in May—you can handle it! 1.The DBQ is essentially a short research essay where someone else has done all the research for. 19th century , 21st century , 2nd millennium 1379 Words | 4 Pages. Schrader Notes On Film Noir? Martin Luther Dbq-Ap European History.
Justine Chapel November 19, 2012 AP Euro P3 Martin Luther DBQ By the extended, 1500’s many issues shows signs of disorder within the . Church. The idea of selling indulgences (forgiveness for sin) for schrader notes on film noir essay, clergy benefit began to negatively spread throughout the people, along with opposition to pluralism (holding more than one office). This sparked many attempts to reform the making, church through individual groups, one of which being the Brotherhood of notes noir Common Life. Networking Paper? One of their accomplishments was starting schools for. Schrader Noir? Catholic Church , Indulgence , Martin Luther 1053 Words | 3 Pages.
AP WORLD HISTORY Name___________________ DBQ Period ______ Description: Students will research and then . Networking Thesis? create their own document-based question ( DBQ ) in AP World History . The DBQ should follow the format used on the Advanced Placement Examination, and students should observe the following guideline: 1. The question should be phrased using one of the following key terms or phrases: • -Defend or refute • -Analyze • -Evaluate • -To what extent and in what ways . APA style , Diary , Following 394 Words | 4 Pages. Ap European History Renaissance Education Dbq Exercise. Renaissance Education DBQ Exercise During the Renaissance, scholars became more interested in the humanistic features of society, . and humanistic educators based their teaching models on Greek and Latin classics. Renaissance education was One apparent purpose of paul schrader notes on film noir essay a Renaissance education was to praise the value of useful education, through the making decision essays, teaching of the schrader on film noir essay, classics, mainly Greek literature that was written by Greek philosophers, mathematicians and other important figures. Some criticised.
Ancient Greek , Education , History of education 909 Words | 3 Pages. Paper? * high degree of social mobility. No classes, no one really had the on film, “upper hand”. Colonial Americans were able to go from “rags to riches” with somewhat . of an ease. Makers of America: The Scots-Irish Know: The Session 4. How had the history of the Scots-Irish affected their characteristics? * they distanced themselves from the Anglican church. This affected their religious choices later on – they accepted Presbyterianism, not Anglicanism.
Clerics, Physicians, and Jurists . Benjamin Franklin , British Empire , Colonial history of the United States 418 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Extended? AP US History - Factors of the Immigration Act of 1924. sight of schrader notes essay this resumed New Immigration, were disgusted at the influx of making sickly Europeans. Senator Ellison D. Smith expressed his nativist concerns in his 1924 . Congressional Record by paul notes essay, stating, I think we now have sufficient population in our country for baccalaureate essay, us to shut the door and to breed up a pure, unadulterated [Anglo-Saxon] American citizenship It is for the preservation of that splendid stock that I would make this not an asylum for the oppressed of all countries. Congress temporarily plugged the breach. Americas , Democratic Party , Immigration to the United States 1292 Words | 4 Pages.
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essay god helios sun Helios, Christos, the Sun: Ferrying the Archetypal Zodiac Disciples. by Ralph Monday. The Christian religion is a parody on the worship of the Sun, in which they put a man whom they call Christ, in the place of the Sun, and pay him the same adoration which was originally paid to the Sun .Thomas Paine. The Zodiac, therefore, is the Path or Way. When Christ spoke to His disciples as the Cosmic Christ, He told them I am the Way, and to this it is possible to on film essay give an astrological significance, for all three types of lives tread this cosmic Way, the Cosmic Christ, the Planetary Spirit and the human being (Path of the Soul).
C hristianity views Jesus as being the light of the world, and indeed he is, but not in the way the story is told in networking thesis, the New Testament. If one has the courage to throw off religious fetters and abandon a blind acceptance of subjective faith dogma, and instead employ reason, abundant evidence can be examined that is the basis for an argument where the story of paul noir Christ is neither new, original, nor unique, but is instead the creation of the church, a powerful astrotheological archetypal symbol to solidify and consolidate power over the mind of wedding day culture. Christianity, and beginning with the schrader notes, Catholic Church in particular, has molded and transformed the figure of Christ into its own peculiar votive offering served up during the course of a year, but the descriptive essay- wedding day, majority of the influence is focused around Easter and schrader on film noir, Christmas, the vernal equinox and the winter solstice, for the one year story of Christ's ministry on earth is an thesis allegory of the passing of the sun through the twelve signs of the zodiac, Christ as the paul schrader notes on film noir, symbol of the sun and the twelve disciples as corresponding allegorical symbols of the astrological progression of the zodiac through the seasons, the baccalaureate extended, connection of the notes on film essay, earth to the heavens--As above, so below--observation of natural phenomenon that has been of great interest to the race since time immemorial, the cycles of the heavens given a supernatural interpretation and overlay that to this day remains as a powerful crucible molded around the requirements, minds of countless millions of notes noir essay people. But before examining the astrotheological basis for Christ, a brief review is presented in regard to the historicity of this monumental symbol of western civilization. An Historical Christ. The quest for an historical Christ is doomed to failure, much like the quest for the Holy Grail. More is known about the Big Bang theory than is known about a biography of Christ. The vast majority of all that is known about probably the most famous figure in Western history is contained in the New Testament, and to large extent the four Canonical Gospels of the Bible. Essays? This evidence is definitely second hand, questionable hearsay, for the Gospels were written long after the death of Jesus. The information grew out of oral story telling for at least several decades before the church began to essay create the descriptive essay- day, mythical demigod that is so familiar today.
Walker affirms this point: …[T]hese Gospels did not come into paul schrader noir essay the Bible as original and authoritative from the baccalaureate essay, authors themselves, but rather from the influence of early church fathers, especially the most influential of them all: Irenaeus of Lyon who lived in the middle of the second century. Many heretical gospels existed by that time, but Irenaeus considered only some of them for notes on film essay, mystical reasons. He claimed only four in number; according to Romer, like the four zones of the making decision essays, world, the four winds, the four divisions of man's estate, and the four forms of the first living creatures-- the paul schrader noir, lion of Mark, the calf of Luke, the man of Matthew, the eagle of John .The four gospels then became Church cannon for the orthodox faith. Most of the other claimed gospel writings were burned, destroyed, or lost. (Romer, qtd. in Walker) That no historian wrote about the crowds of essay about trade thousands that purportedly followed Jesus, the miracles that he performed, his crucifixion and resurrection, defies and challenges reason.
Nor is schrader notes there a single contemporary Roman record verifying that a Pontius Pilate executed a man named Jesus, and the Romans, creators of the first great bureaucratic state, kept extensive records. The non-Christian sources that are invariably used by Christian apologists in an attempt to establish the historicity of Christ were all written after the time when Christ was supposed to have lived and decision, are hardly eye witness accounts. The most commonly referenced sources are Josephus Flavius, Pliny the Younger, Tacitus, and Suetonius. Josephus lived from 37-100 C.E. In his Antiquities of the Jews written in on film noir essay, 93 C.E. a famous reference is made to, About this time there lived Jesus, a wise man, if indeed one ought to call him a man. For he was one who performed surprising deeds and about, was a teacher of such people as accept the truth gladly. He won over many Jews and many of the Greeks. He was the Messiah… (qtd. in Goldberg). Paul Schrader On Film Noir? The debate over the authenticity of this passage is well known, and will not be recounted here. Suffice to say that the vast majority of biblical scholars since the nineteenth century hold that it is about international trade a later Christian interpolation, an assertion that can easily be verified if the reader cares to examine the matter further. Of the remaining three references, Pliny the Younger (B 62 C.E.), Tacitus (B 64 C.E.), and paul schrader, Suetonius (B 69 C.E.), were all born well after the time of Jesus, and again, none are held to be reliable by most biblical scholars; there is no need to go into the matter further in this essay; the making, arguments questioning the authenticity of these passages are well known, and the historicity of Christ is not the major thesis.
Robert Keable, in his work, The Great Galilean makes note of this strange history of silence: No man knows sufficient of the early life of paul schrader notes on film noir Jesus to write a biography of him. For that matter, no one knows enough for the normal Times obituary notice of a great man. If regard were had to what we should call, in correct speech, definitely historical facts, scarcely three lines could be filled. Moreover, if newspapers had been in networking thesis paper, existence, and if that obituary notice had had to be written in the year of his death, no editor could have found in the literature of his day so much as his name. Yet few periods of the ancient world were so well documented as the paul schrader notes noir, period of Augustus and Tiberius.
But no contemporary knew of everlost book his existence. Even a generation later, a spurious passage in schrader, Josephus, a questionable reference in Suetonius, and the mention of a name that may be his by Tacitus-that is all. International? His first mention in any surviving document, secular or religious, is twenty years after. (qtd. in Jackson) Earl Doherty in his provocative work The Jesus Puzzle also makes note of the strange silence of history, and in schrader on film noir, perhaps one of the greatest feats of essay- day twentieth century biblical scholarship, constructs a compelling argument that questions the very existence of a historical Jesus. In regard to the four Gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, no one knows who wrote them. All four Gospels are anonymous, and the names of the purported authors were applied to these works in the second century C.E. Paul Schrader Notes Essay? In regard to the composition of the Gospels, Remsberg notes that, Justin Martyr, the most eminent of the early Fathers, wrote around the middle of the second century and makes more than three hundred quotations from the books of the Old Testament, and nearly one hundred from the Apocryphal books; but none from the Four Gospels. -- In the essay international trade, latter half of the second century, between the time of Justin and Papias, and the time of schrader on film essay Theophilus and essay extended international, Irenaeus, the Four Gospels were undoubtedly written or compiled. (The Gospels: Second Century Writings) As for the dates of the composition of the four Gospels some conservative scholars believe that Matthew was written between 60-65 C.E., while other biblical authorities date it to the seventies, some even as late as 85 C.E. In regard to Mark, most scholars assign a date no later than 70-73 C.E., but a large majority of moderate and conservative scribes assign to Mark a composition date between 65 and 70 C.E., while Luke's composition date is assigned between 60-64 C.E. For John, conservative scholars believe the gospel to have been written at paul schrader notes on film, about 85 C.E., while others place the composition to a later date or early second century (New Testament).
This evidence is making decision presented in establishing that so little is known about the authorship of the Gospels, and the historicity of Christ, that an alternative hypothesis can be advanced, namely that the story of Jesus can be interpreted as being a mythologized allegory of the progression of the sun through the yearly zodiac, an astronomical phenomenon that was well known and extremely important to the ancient world. The early church fathers were privy to the resemblance between Christ and earlier dying and resurrected gods, and of the problem of history. Justin Martyr, Tertullian, and Irenaeus, for example, explained away the resemblance of the schrader on film noir essay, Christ mythos to essay- day earlier pagan gods by asserting that Satan had previously created these imitators in order to confuse and deceive when Christ incarnated, and Pope Leo X said, What profit has not that fable of Christ brought us! (qtd. in Acharya S). And Justin Martyr writing to a pagan in the second century C.E. also had these words to paul on film noir relate: When we say that the Word, who is the first-birth of God, was produced without sexual union, and informative, that He, Jesus Christ, our Teacher, was crucified and paul schrader on film essay, died, and rose again, and ascended into heaven, we propound nothing different from what you believe regarding those whom you esteem sons of Jupiter (Savior Myth). As reported in The Christ Myth, also interesting is the informative essay, fact that there are no images of the crucified Christ dated to the first three centuries, and paul schrader notes noir, Constantine envisioned Christ as a beautiful young man rather like Apollo. The Dead Sea scrolls, unearthed in 1947, hold no record of this savior who is held to informative have so tremendously impacted the schrader on film noir, entire world, and in point of fact, Paul is the only person known to have first used the term Christ or the name Jesus (Rogge). The preceding assertions set the stage for an examination of the grand drama of the heavens, one that has been eternally played out upon the earth in a cosmic pantomime beginning with the foundation of astrology as an indicator of book as above, so below.
Astrology, Mythology-Heavens and Earth-Origin of the schrader notes noir, Zodiac. Sometime between 3000-2000 B.C.E. in Mesopotamia the earliest evidence is found for the emergent disciplines of astronomy, mathematics and mythology, a triplicate that together would become the basis of astrology and the linkage between the heavens and the earth. Campion has noted that the history of astrology is symbiotically intertwined with religious history. Notwithstanding the practical importance of correlations between such occurrences as the sun's annual rhythm through the essays, heavens and the corresponding seasons, symbolic linkages also began to develop: the human life cycle progressing through birth to death was interlinked with the sun's birth in the east each morning and death in the west each evening, bringing with it the notes, transition from darkness to international light, and schrader notes, the annual cycle of vegetation throughout the seasons. Thus the observance of the calendar became, as it still is, an object of religious ritual, and there was a measure of paper interchange between heavenly sky deities and earth-bound vegetation deities (Origins of schrader on film Astrology). An examination of comparative mythology inevitably leads to the conclusion that in the myths and sacred narratives of the majority of all civilized nations the Zodiac signs are prominent. According to Kennedy, If you go back in time to Rome, or beyond that to Greece, or before that to Egypt, Persia, Assyria, or Babylonia-regardless of how far back you go, there is a remarkable phenomenon: Nearly all nations had the same twelve signs, representing the same twelve things, placed in the same order (qtd. in wedding day, Horn). The origin of the Zodiac has long been of interest to not only astronomers, but scholars as well. Gilman notes that, […] the narrow strip in paul schrader noir, the sky in requirements, which we observe and paul on film essay, measure the movements of the Sun, Moon and essay- wedding day, the planets, was undoubtedly recognized in Babylon 4,000 or so years ago. It was not apparently until about 520 B.C. that the twelve Signs were actually defined.
This seems to have been done by Cleostratos of noir essay Tenedos, […] who divided the ecliptic into twelve equal parts and is said to have recognized the Signs of the Zodiac. He reputedly described them in a now-lost poem, Astrologia . (Twelve Gods) Also, early in the 19th century Pieree-Simnon de Laplace stated that, The names of the zodiacal constellations were not haphazard fancies. They reflected relationships that were the subject of many inquiries or attempts at a systematic organization. Research has gradually revealed that the signs of the zodiac and their corresponding relationship to observation earth phenomena, is an ancient inheritance, a cultural chain linked from the Romans, to the Greeks, and from there stretching back to the Babylonians. Essays? The Babylonians, in turn, are heir to the even more ancient cultures of Sumer and schrader notes on film essay, Akkad, and some scholars believe the networking paper, origin of the signs is even more primeval, placing their emergence around or even before 4000 B.C.E.
Even more surprising than this antiquity is the stability of the constellations over the centuries, even with the attempt by paul notes essay Christian authors to reshape the stars to fit their particular interest in informative, biblical stories, the original names and shapes have survived (Johnson and van Berkel 6-7). From the earliest written records, the Sumerian/Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh , (whose history may have been transmitted to the Greeks by the Phoenicians) where this ancient demigod of Uruk passes through twelve stages on schrader essay, his underground journey to Dilmun, to essay about trade the civilizations of the Greek and Roman, an ancient astronomical religion is clearly in evidence, one that developed geographically over the entire Mediterranean region. In recognition of this religion of astronomy Richer argues that: …astronomers before the eighth century [B.C.E.] used stars of first magnitude as the principal celestial markers. In the ancient Egyptian calendar, for example, the beginning of the year was related to the heliacal rising of schrader on film Spica. This harked back to a more ancient age, the Age of Gemini…, when the equinoxes occurred in Gemini and Sagittarius, a period corresponding to around 6500 [B.C.E.]. The star-based system was eventually integrated with the zodiacal system, which has been traced back in its current form to at least 2000 [B.C.E.] in the ancient Near East.
Considering precessional correspondences,…[this indicates] a system of coordinates based on the four seasons and four cardinal points…introduced into Greece between 2000 and 1900 [B.C.E.]….The zodiacal signs most likely were introduced into Greece from Sumer and Babylonia, with the Hittites and Phoenicians as intermediaries. The adoption of a full-blown zodiacal projection onto Greek territory seems to have coincided with the Greek adoption of the Phoenician alphabet between 1000-850 [B.C.E]. (qtd. in Dougherty) Dougherty also notes that ancient myths of baccalaureate essay international gods, demigods, and heroes are connected to this primal astronomical religion, and that the adoration and worship of Greek heroes like Hercules, Theseus, Perseus, and on film noir, Bellerophon predated the worship of the baccalaureate essay extended, Olympian gods and their narratives at a later date were merged with the stories of the twelve zodiacal deities. Heracles is a solar archetype identified with Leo; his twelve labors symbolize an amalgam of traditions that personify successive cultural or historical stages in schrader notes noir essay, relationship to the drama being performed in the zodiacal stage of the heavens (A Key to Ancient Greece). In addition: Many deities have been associated with the sun. The Greeks believed that Apollo, Bacchus, Dionysos, Sabazius, Hercules, Jason, Ulysses, Zeus, Uranus, and Vulcan partook of either the visible or invisible attributes of the sun. Essay International Trade? The Norwegians regarded Balder the Beautiful as a solar deity, and Odin is often connected with the celestial orb, especially because of his one eye. Among the Egyptians, Osiris, Ra, Anubis, Hermes, and even the mysterious Ammon himself had points of resemblance with the solar disc.
Isis was the noir, mother of the sun, and even Typhon, the Destroyer, was supposed to be a form of solar energy. The Egyptian sun myth finally centered around the person of a mysterious deity called Serapis. The two Central American deities, Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl, while often associated with the winds, were also undoubtedly solar gods. (The Sun, A Universal Deity) The connection of deity to the sun is obvious for essay, anyone who has even a minute amount of analytical skill. The observation is nothing new, but it is one that has only begun to paul schrader noir filter into the masses in western culture, for Fiske noted over a century ago that, Countless other examples, when similarly analyzed, show that the earliest […] conception of a Divine Power, nourishing man and sustaining the universe, was suggested by the light of the mighty Sun; who, as modern science has shown, is the originator of all life and motion upon the globe, and wedding day, whom the ancients delighted to believe the source, not only of the golden light, but of everything that is paul schrader on film essay bright, joy-giving, and pure. (Myths and Myth-makers 109) This all, of course, means that: The ancients believed that the sun, the moon, wandering stars (planets), comets, and other celestial bodies were heavenly gods who were in motion about essay about international trade, a stationary earth.
Since the sun (Sol invictus) seemed to be the most influential of the celestial gods, it was especially worshipped and regarded as annually reborn at its lowest point in schrader noir essay, the sky during the descriptive wedding, winter solstice of December 25th. Notes On Film Noir Essay? Since the plane of the networking paper, ecliptic--the path that the sun travels in the sky--traces out the band of the twelve star-patterns that make up the zodiac, the sun was considered a god that gave birth to, or was a father of, the twelve zodiacal gods. [However], [t]he Greek astronomer Hipparchus made the noir essay, astounding discovery in 128 BCE that the zodiac of constellations slowly drifted backward over time so that they appeared, with respect to the sun's position at winter solstice, in a new location in the heavens. Every 25 thousand years these constellations slowly moved; a phenomenon we know today to baccalaureate essay extended international be the precession of the equinoxes which is caused by the wobble of the earth on its axis. Paul Schrader Noir Essay? To the ancients, it was a frightening and everlost book report, astounding event[.] (Still) Hipparchus lived from 190-120 B.C.E. and Still also notes that his discovery of the precession of the equinoxes shattered the geocentric theory of the paul schrader on film noir, immovable earth, and that the precession could only mean that the whole cosmic sphere was in motion, and for the ancients this was a revelation that they interpreted as being the result of a powerful new god, so incredible in its force that it was fully possible for moving the entire universe. At that time the networking thesis, spring equinox took place in Aries the Ram, and preceding that Taurus the Bull heralded in the rebirth of the earth in spring, and it was believed that Mithras was the cosmic power whose force was so formidable that the Bull was killed (The Virgin Birth). In the great cosmic war between dark and light, Christ replaced Mithras as this force strong enough to bend the very cosmos to his will, and on film essay, as the parallels between Mithrass and everlost book, Christ are well known, there is no point in discussing them here, for I have dealt with this topic at length in another essay, and the present work will focus in specific content on only one of these solar deities: Christ in order to provide support for the illuminating archetypal pattern that this example provides in the context of the solar deity and the twelve signs of the zodiac.
Christ and the Twelve Zodiac Disciples. Modernity, and now extending into the Postmodern world, has long questioned the Christ story as authentic history. The philosophes of the eighteenth century European Enlightenment and their new world counterparts in the Age of Reason began exploring nature from the standpoint of Natural Philosophy or Natural Law. This was the genesis of modern science, and from that point forward supernatural explanations of natural phenomena have been stripped away one by one, laid bare by the scrutiny of the scientific method, so that a reign of supernaturalism lasting more than six thousand years has been virtually eliminated as a satisfactory cause of human experience in just over two hundred years. First, a brief summary of the archetype of the dying and resurrected god is presented, a common motif that existed in the Mediterranean world centuries before the church adopted this primal story and paul notes on film, grafted the narrative into its own peculiar hierarchy for the purpose of control and power. The ancient Greek and Roman cultures from which much of Postmodern Western culture is descended, adopted gods from Asia Minor: Egypt, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Babylon, Phrygia, Persia, etc. These gods were often symbolic of report vegetation myths tied to the seasons and shared the following characteristics, an archetypal pattern similar to noir essay Joseph Campbell's hero's journey, for the day god, the Sun god, was the ancient world's great deity, one that has been worshipped all over the planet, personified in every sacred allegory, and mythopoetically associated with mortal suffering, for, everywhere we read of the birth, death, and resurrection of the Sun; he had his cradle and his tomb, whether called Adonis, Osiris, Hercules, Bacchus, Attis, Krishna, Mithra, or Christ (Existence of Christ Disproved). According to Pagan Origins of the Christ Myth these dying and resurrected gods were born of a Virgin Mother on or near the date of informative essay modern Christmas in a Cave or Underground Chamber; they held such titles as Light-bringer, Mediator, Healer, Deliverer, Savior and led a life of toil and service for humanity; eventually all were defeated by the Powers of Darkness and descended into Hell or the Underworld, then rose from the dead, and became the archetypal connector of essay humanity to the Heavenly world; they triumphantly went on to have disciples, found Communions of Saints Churches where acolytes were received into the mysteries by Baptism, and their memory was commemorated by Eucharistic meals (Pagan Christs). Edward Carpenter in 1919 likewise stated the same assertion in his Pagan and Christian Creeds: Their Origin and Meaning . The idea of Christ being interpreted as a solar god is essays not new. Scholars in the nineteenth century first began this new field of research. What is new is that only recently has this vast body of information been made available to the general public.
Christ as Zodiac Sun Myth. The ruling deity of notes on film noir essay day, Helios or the sun as God, was the supreme god of the ancient world universally worshipped in both continents, the old and the new world, and this god was allegorically personified in the mythos of every culture. The daily and thesis paper, annual passage of the sun, in myth, became the poetic interpretation of the destiny of all. The birth, death, and paul notes noir essay, resurrection of the sun is a continually reoccurring archetypal image, cradle to tomb, whether the name of the sun god was Hercules, Osiris, Adonis, Bacchus, Mithra, Chrishna, or Christ. Mangasarian points out that, The fact that Jesus' death was accompanied with the darkening of the Sun, and that the date of his resurrection is also associated with the position of the Sun at the time of the vernal equinox, is a further intimation that we have in the story of the birth, death, and resurrection of Jesus, an ancient and nearly universal Sun-myth, instead of verifiable historical events. (Truth About Jesus) Of course, why all these stories are so similar is easily surmised. The above mentioned gods, Hercules, Osiris, Adonis, Mithra, etc., were all born on or about December 25th, they had twelve disciples or were otherwise associated in some way with the number twelve, such as the paper, labors of Hercules, they performed miracles, were persecuted, died, and paul schrader noir, resurrected.
This archetypal pattern is common because it is based on the sun's movements through the constellations which according to Acharya S is […] an thesis paper astrotheological development that can be found throughout the planet because the notes essay, sun and the twelve zodiac signs can be observed around the globe.[…] Christ and all the others upon whom this character is predicated are personifications of the sun, […]the Gospel fable […]a rehash of making decision essays a mythological formula […] (Origins of paul noir Christianity). And these mythological characters share the following characteristics in relationship to the sun: on December twenty-second the sun apparently dies for three days because it appears to stop in its movement south, and then is resurrected or born again on essay-, December twenty-fifth when it begins moving north once again, the paul notes on film noir, light coming forth into the world; at essay international, some locations in the ancient world the new year began in the constellation of Virgo where the sun was born of a virgin; when the sun rises in the morning it is the Savior of mankind, and wears a crown of thorns which is the corona or halo, and the sun can also walk on water, its reflection passing across the surface; the disciples are the twelve months and paul notes on film noir, twelve signs of the zodiac that the sun must journey through; at twelve noon the everlost book report, sun is in the house or temple of the Most High and Jesus began his work at twelve years of age; the sun enters at thirty degrees into paul schrader notes essay each sign of the zodiac, and Jesus began his ministry at age thirty; the thesis, sun is crucified when it is hung on the cross of the equator and the polar axis at the vernal equinox, or Easter, and at that time the sun is resurrected (Origins of Christianity). Another interesting facet in noir essay, regard to the virgin birth is that, The Virgin Mary is the everlost, Constellation of Virgo and the story of virgin births is the timeless allegory of Virgo giving birth to paul notes on film noir the Sun on the darkest night of the informative essay, year, the paul schrader notes on film essay, 24th of December. If we follow the path of the sun we discover that towards the end of August the essay- wedding day, radiant Sun enters the celestial Virgo and places the seed of the new Sun in her to germinate the schrader notes on film essay, embryo of the new Sun, Horus, Apollo or Christ. Baccalaureate International? This phenomenon, which takes place every year in August, gave rise to Christmas, a festival which still exists, and in which it is supposed that the Mother of Christ, disregarding her earthly life, is associated with the glory of her son, and is placed by his side in the heavens. We know that the sign of the celestial virgin rose over the horizon at the moment assigned to the birth of our Lord Jesus the Christ. Christians may be reluctant to schrader noir essay recognize Virgo as the Blessed Virgin. Yet Virgo's stars descend after harvest below the horizon, and the sun of the winter rises from the same point-the infant Sun in his Mother's arms.
It is the birthday of the descriptive essay- wedding, Christos who represents the Sun that is born in schrader notes on film noir, each and every one of us. (The Immaculate Conception) The church was well aware of the astrological significance of the constellation of Virgo for as Carpenter has stated: But it is networking paper well known as a matter of history that the worship of Isis and Horus descended in the early Christian centuries to Alexandria, where it took the form of the paul on film, worship of the Virgin Mary and the infant saviour, and so passed into the European ceremonial. We have therefore the Virgin Mary connected by linear succession and paper, descent with that remote Zodiacal cluster in the sky! A curious confirmation of the paul, same astrological connection is afforded by the Roman Catholic Calendar. For if this be consulted, it will be found that the festival of the Assumption of the Virgin is placed on the 15 August, while the festival of the birth of the Virgin is dated the 8 September… At the present day, the decision essays, Zodiacal signs- owing to the precession of the Equinoxes-have shifted some distance from the constellations of the same name. But at the time when the Zodiac was constituted and these names were given, the first date obviously would signalise the actual disappearance of the cluster Virgo in the sun's rays, i.e. the Assumption of the Virgin into the glory of the god, while the second date would signalise the schrader notes, reappearance of the constellation-or the birth of the Virgin. (Sun Worship) The constellation of Virgo is not the only interesting connection between religious worship and the stars. Paper? Other constellations are also of considerable import, but it is from Virgo to Leo that the archetypal symbolism is best read in this ancient, cosmic progression. In order to paul schrader on film understand this assertion it is necessary to descriptive know that the paul notes essay, sun in its yearly progression moves through the constellations (the plane of the ecliptic, an imaginary line drawn from the earth's equator to the sun's equator) to the left, and these constellations have always been thought to have a great influence on the character of the sun.
The other important point to remember is that the earth's axis is tilted twenty-three and one quarter degrees from the plane of the ecliptic, called the precession of the axis, the earth slowly wobbles at the north polar axis like a spinning top, and the sun moves below the equator at the autumnal equinox and rises above the equator at the vernal equinox, thus forming the image of a cross. Thus, the sun appears to move backwards through the constellations in everlost book report, what is called a Great Year that lasts approximately 25920 years, and this cosmic year is separated into schrader notes noir essay twelve Ages connected to the Zodiac and its constellations. Each of these ages endures for about 2160 years. The relationship to the worship of sun gods is apparent, for approximately three thousand years ago when the sun crossed the everlost report, equator at the vernal equinox the notes on film, constellation was Aries the lamb. Hence, the sun was known as the Lamb of God, the archetypal symbol of the resurrected savior, of the journey from the dark underworld to thesis paper the apex of heaven. Christ is still identified in this way, but what of the fish? The sun entered the constellation of notes noir essay Pisces at approximately 6 B.C.E., which coincides with the approximate birth date given to Jesus by most scholars. Pisces is the sign of the fish, and Jesus was the essay international trade, fisher of men. And according to notes noir essay Dowling in her introduction, The Piscean Age is identical with the Christian Dispensation.
The word Pisces means fish. The sign is known as a water sign, and the Piscean Age has been distinctly the age of the fish and its element, water. In the establishment of decision their great institutions John the Harbinger and Jesus both introduced the paul notes noir essay, rite of water baptism, which has been used in some form in all the so-called Christian Churches and cults, even to the present time. Water is the true symbol of purification. Jesus himself said to the Harbinger before he was baptised: All the men must be washed, symbolic of the cleansing of the soul.(Aquarian Gospel 64: 7.) Fish was a Christian Symbol. In the earlier centuries of the Christian Dispensation the fish was everywhere used as a symbol. In his remarkable book, Christian Iconography , Didron says: The fish, in the opinion of antiquarians generally, is the symbol of Jesus Christ. The fish is sculptured upon informative essay requirements a number of Christian monuments, and paul notes on film essay, more particularly upon the ancient sarcophagi. (The Aquarian Age)
However, the informative essay, old sign of the Lamb was also kept as an identifying symbol of the messiah. In regard to these sun gods Alvin Boyd Kuhn has noted that they continually and regularly appeared because they are archetypal symbols of the sun's life through the heavens, and as such mirror the earthly life of mortal being. Because, [t]o follow the yearly round of the notes, zodiac was to epitomize graphically the whole history of human experience Moreover, in Psalms the book says that, Our God is a living fire, a consuming fire, the Lord God is international a sun, and Jesus said I am come to notes on film send fire on earth, (Great Myth of Sun-Gods) a clear connection to deity and the light and fire of the sun. I am indebted to David W. Deley for the following chart that simply and evidentially compares the Jesus story with the sun and baccalaureate essay international, zodiac. The Story of Jesus is the paul notes on film, story of the Sun passing through the Zodiac during the year. Note the following: The parallels demonstrated in the above chart graphically illustrate the connection and most probable overlay of the significance of the paper, twelve signs of the zodiac by the church in paul essay, order to enable the masses an easier conversion to international Christianity.
For example, in noir essay, the above chart the reference is made to Jesus being born and buried in a cave. This corresponds to the ancient geocentric world cosmology where the sun was thought to literally rise from the everlost, underworld (a cave) and set/return to the underworld each evening, a story that was allegorized as the sun being in a literal battle with the darkness (evil), and the rising sun portrayed the triumph over death (evil) and a resurrection that was greeted each day by humanity. Paul Schrader Notes On Film? However, the evidence doesn't just conclude here. An examination of Christ's ministry as portrayed in the New Testament provides even more compelling evidence of Jesus as a sun allegory. Following are several passages from the New Testament (all quotations are taken from the New International Version) that clearly demonstrate the linkage between Christ and the sun for he is continually portrayed as sun imagery: Ephesians 5:14: for it is light that makes everything visible. This is why it is said: Wake up, O sleeper, rise from the dead, and Christ will shine on you. John 8:12: When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the trade, light of life. John 9:5: While I am in the world, I am the light of the world.
Both of the preceding two passages demonstrate that Jesus is really the sun for the light of the world is the sun. Matthew 17:12: There he was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as the paul schrader notes noir, light. John 12:35-36: Then Jesus told them, You are going to have the light just a little while longer. Networking Thesis Paper? Walk while you have the light, before darkness overtakes you. The man who walks in the dark does not know where he is going. Put your trust in on film noir, the light while you have it, so that you may become sons of light. When he had finished speaking, Jesus left and international, hid himself from them.
Clearly, in this passage Jesus is personified as the sun and the light is an archetypal symbol of light overcoming darkness. Schrader On Film? Of course, when Jesus finished speaking the reason that he hid himself from the disciples is because the sun had set. John 3:19-20: This is the verdict: Light has come into the world, but men loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil. Everyone who does evil hates the light, and wedding, will not come into the light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. Can any clearer meaning be expressed concerning the literal idea that criminals most commonly do their unlawful deeds in darkness (night) and not in paul schrader on film essay, the light (day)? John 1:3-8: Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. In him was life, and that life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it. Of course, and this passage is everlost book scientifically accurate in that the sun formed first in stellar evolution and then the earth and other planets came together through the attraction of gravitational mass.
Further, the sun is the source of all life for everything, plants and animals are dependent upon the energy of the sun for life. When we eat food or drink, we are literally consuming the energy of the sun; this symbolism is also obvious in schrader on film essay, the Catholic Eucharist where the bread and the wine are thought to literally change into the body and blood of everlost report Jesus, which they do, but not in on film noir essay, the Catholic sense for what is really occurring is that people are consuming the transformed energy of the sun. There are numerous other examples in the New Testament that connect Jesus with sun imagery, but the point is made, and the Old Testament has imagery describing god as the sun. Next, we will explore the story of Christ specifically as an allegory of the passage of the sun through the twelve signs of the zodiac. Christ as an allegory of the sun. Let us now examine how the story of the life of everlost report Jesus corresponds with the progression of the sun through the twelve signs of the zodiac. However, remember that the concept of representing archetypal truths in allegory form is quite ancient, and is not just confined to the Bible. First, the sun travels through Capricorn, the goat during the time frame of December 22- January 19. December 22 is the winter solstice; this is the shortest day of the year and after December 22 the sun begins to move back toward the paul schrader notes on film noir essay, northern hemisphere, the savior sun is born and the light of the world is at hand, which is apparent by thesis paper December 25 the official church sanctioned birth date of Jesus, though no one knows when he was supposed to have been born.
However, it is extremely interesting to note that late on the twenty-fourth of December, Virgo the Virgin is either directly on the horizon on paul notes noir essay, is the ascendant. Exactly at day, midnight the sun enters into Capricorn which is the goat and the manger. Jesus is notes born by immaculate conception of baccalaureate essay Virgo the Virgin in the manger of Capricorn the goat, the latter representative of the common conception of Jesus being born with animals. He is born in the darkness and now he is the light of the notes noir essay, world. This symbolism of light and darkness is ancient, archetypal and cross-cultural. It has many rich resonances of meaning.
Darkness is associated with blindness, night, sleep, cold, gloom, despair, lostness, chaos, death, danger and yearning for the dawn. It is a striking image of the human condition. Light is paper seen as the antidote to paul notes the above, and is thus an image of salvation. In the light, one is extended international awake, able to see and find one's way; it is associated with relief and rejoicing that the night is over; in the light one is safe and warm. In the notes essay, light there is life….FOR MATTHEW and Luke, and for Christians ever since, Jesus is the light shining in the darkness. Informative Essay? The author of John's Gospel makes the paul notes noir, same affirmation with compact perfection: The true light, which enlightens everyone, was coming into the world. Jesus is the light who brings enlightenment; indeed, he is the light of the world.
This is the truth of this theme of the informative, birth stories. And it is true independently of their historical factuality (Borg 1218). Now, continuing with Christ personified archetypally as the sun moving yearly through the twelve signs of the zodiac, note that Christ was baptized thirty years after birth, and paul notes essay, thirty days after the rebirth of the sun at the winter solstice the sun enters Aquarius the water bearer (January 20-February 18), the pouring out of water a symbolic baptism, and Christ is baptized by John, the Baptist, a pouring out of water: I baptize you with water for repentance. Descriptive Essay- Wedding Day? But after me will come one who is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not fit to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire (Matthew 3:11). Schrader Notes On Film Noir? The fire is the flame of the everlost, sun, and what of schrader John? The New Testament merely says that he was put in prison with no explanation offered. In the allegory, this is the constellation Aquarius moving lower and lower into the sky at networking, sunset until it can no longer be seen, because it has been put in prison as the sun moves into the next sign of the zodiac, where each sign of the zodiac is divided into thirty degrees and there are twelve signs, as Christ had twelve disciples, and twelve times thirty equals three hundred sixty, the total number of degrees in paul schrader on film essay, the zodiac. Of course, the New Testament has Jesus beginning his ministry at age twelve; can a clearer point be made?
If not, then this: each of the twelve signs of the extended, zodiac when entering into the beginning of the thirty degrees of the allotted sign, represents some event in notes on film noir essay, the ministry of everlost book Christ allegorized as the sun. After the Baptism of Christ he continues on his journey into Galilee which literally means circuit, and this is the paul schrader notes noir, closed elliptical path of the sun on its circuit through the everlost book report, constellations. Here Christ selected his first disciples from fishermen, Simon and Andrew: As Jesus was walking beside the noir, Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon called Peter and his brother Andrew. They were casting a net into the lake, for they were fishermen (Matthew 4:18). The sign following Aquarius is Pisces, the Fish (February 19-March 20). The Catholic Lent is observed to this day in the sign of Pisces, and fish is wedding eaten one day of the week in obvious symbolism of this event. In his ministry Christ next transforms into the Good Shepard of the flock, watching over the lambs of the field so that they would be encouraged to not stray from the path. This corresponds to the sun entering the sign of Aries the Ram (March 21-April 19), and a ram of course, is a lamb before growing into a Ram, just as Christ must grow in power before becoming truly recognized as the Lamb of God, and the Jews still celebrate the Paschal Lamb during the notes essay, same time frame, a sacrifice to God as Jesus was the sacrificial lamb.
Christ as lamb means that the essay, sun is young in schrader notes, the sign of Aries, and will grow into the full power of the Ram, just as the sun grows in power as it passes through this sign, which is also the baccalaureate extended, sign of on film essay spring, rebirth, resurrection. Christianity celebrates Easter at this time, which is really a pagan festival, and the name Easter means that the sun is rising due east. Sunrise services are also celebrated at this time when the idea of, He is risen, is networking thesis thrown about. Of course, the sun has risen. Following this Christ begins his salvation of humanity. How is this accomplished? By the Eucharist, of course. The Son must provide spiritual nourishment in order for his people to be saved. Paul On Film Noir? The sun, entering the sign of thesis Taurus the Bull (April 20-May 20), is the time of schrader plowing the fields to grow crops that are nourished by essay requirements the energy of the sun, and thus though food energy the salvation is at hand.
After Taurus the next sign of the zodiac is Gemini the Twins (May 21-June 20); we are getting close now to the height of summer, when the schrader notes on film noir, sun's energy is at its most abundant and everlost book report, the crops grow and increase, doubling, like the twins, the paul notes on film essay, process of descriptive essay- wedding salvation. The son's power, in his ministry, grew stronger and stronger, doubling as the multitudes reported by the New Testament followed him about the land. Following Gemini the sun enters Cancer the paul schrader noir essay, Crab (June 21-July 22). A crab is often depicted as traveling backwards, and the sun has reached its furthest point north at the summer solstice; after that the sun begins traveling backwards in its journey toward the equator once again. Christ spoke often of the backsliders, and it is at this time of year that the sun is indeed sliding back, falling, from our apparent perspective, toward the equator and the power of the sun begins to wane, as does vegetation and crops. Also interesting to note is that John the Baptist was born six months before Christ, and John 3:30 says, He must increase, but I must decrease. One power is informative waning, the other waxing, the story of the sun in its annual pilgrimage through the heavens, the cycle of the seasons. According to Deley: Around this point in the Jesus story an interesting thing happens - John the Baptist reappears and is beheaded.
According to schrader noir essay the Bible, John the trade, Baptist has been raised from the dead, (Mark 6:14), or This is John the notes noir essay, Baptist; he has risen from the dead! (Matthew 14:2). Recall at everlost book, the beginning of the allegory how Aquarius moved below the western horizon at sunset as the year went from January to February and the Sun traveled from Aquarius to Pisces. Each Zodiac constellation in turn goes below the horizon at schrader notes noir, sunset as each month passes. After six months the everlost, constellation of Aquarius begins to rise on the eastern horizon at sunset, and it appears that the head of Aquarius is cut off by the horizon. This is John the Baptist rising from the dead, the dead being those who are below the paul schrader noir, earth. This is the beheading of John the Baptist by King Herod, a personification of darkness, which reigns supreme at night (See Matthew Chapter 2-The Birth of Jesus for more on King Herod). (Solar Mythology and the Jesus Story) After Cancer comes Leo the Lion. Informative Essay? Christ had to noir essay first be the Lamb (Aries) before he could become the Lion of Judah (Leo). The lion is a symbol of descriptive wedding day majestic royalty, power, awe inspiring majesty, and it is at this time of year (July 22-August 23) that the paul schrader essay, sun is at its most royal incarnation as it travels through the zodiac.
It is in essay about international trade, Revelation 5:5 that Christ is called Lion of the Tribe of paul schrader Judah. This majesty is seen in Jesus' rebuking of the wind and the waves, and it is the power of the sun at the hottest months of the year. The power of the sun as the allegorical Christ is manifested at the grave of Lazarus when he proclaimed, Lazarus, come forth! (John 11:43). This is resurrection power, the descriptive wedding, calling forth of the dead just as the sun calls forth and provides energy to the land. The symbolism is quite obvious, as this is the masculine archetype of power. We come now to Virgo the Virgin (August 23-September 23). This is the time of schrader notes on film year when the sun, traveling south, crosses the equator once again at wedding, the autumnal equinox.
The sun passes over the equator where this celestial body is annually crucified, and schrader, he the sun as the day, cross on its back like Christ climbing toward Golgotha, only this Golgotha will be the crucifixion of the vernal equinox. In addition, according to Deley, Harvest time comes about three quarters of the schrader notes essay, way through the year, and it's the happiest time of the year. And about three quarters of the way through the Jesus story is his triumphant entry into Jerusalem, which is the happiest part of the story (Mark 11:1-11; Matthew 21:1-11; Luke 19:28-44; John 12:12-16). Everyone knows him and is happy to see him. Jesus' triumphant entry into Jerusalem is an baccalaureate extended international allegory for the Sun's triumphant entry into Virgo, because that means it is harvest time, the best time of year.
Harvest time is The Kingdom of schrader noir Heaven time which Jesus refers to in earnest as coming soon throughout the story up to here. (Solar Mythology) Directly after Virgo the sun enters Libra the Scales of Justice (September 23-October 22). This is the wedding day, time of harvest, when all the bounties and fruits that the energy of the sun has provided in the growing season are reaped. At this point Deley notes that it is time to sell the harvest. So the paul notes on film, harvest is weighed out in the buying and selling process, and it is at this time that Jesus, On reaching Jerusalem, Jesus entered the temple area and essay- wedding, began driving out paul notes noir essay, those who were buying and selling there. He overturned the everlost book report, tables of the paul schrader notes on film noir, money changers and the benches of everlost those selling doves… (Mark 11:15). Jesus, as the schrader notes, sun, is descriptive essay- leaving the sign of Libra for schrader noir essay, the harvest is over, just as the money changers packed up and left. Directly preceding this event from the New Testament, Jesus curses the fig tree: The next day as they were leaving Bethany, Jesus was hungry. Seeing in the distance a fig tree in leaf, he went to baccalaureate extended find out if it had any fruit.
When he reached it, he found nothing but leaves, because it was not the notes noir essay, season for figs. Then he said to the tree, May no one ever eat fruit from you again (Mark 11: 12-14). Everlost? The tree withered up and died because this is the autumn season, the year is declining, just as the son is also declining. Following this event Jesus and the Twelve disciples have the last supper, for the year is closing and the twelve are the signs of the zodiac that the sun has nearly passed through. The time is now Scorpio the Scorpion (October 23-November 22), and these two months October and November symbolize the two thieves that Christ is crucified between, because these months are the two thieves of the year when there is no harvest, the sun further descends toward its weakest point of winter that will occur at the Winter solstice. Jesus is betrayed now by schrader notes on film noir essay Judas, the sign of Scorpio, and he betrays Christ for thirty pieces of silver, this event symbolizing the thirty days of a month. The sun is betrayed at this point, for it will soon be at its weakest, and Sagittarius the Archer (November 22-December 21) is the culmination of the death story of the essay- wedding day, sun, that will soon be reborn on December 21 at the Winter solstice, and thus the paul schrader on film, cycle of the year is complete, as is the story of Jesus as an archetypal allegory of the sun. Comments and questions may be sent to about international the author at [emailprotected]
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