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broad subject essay You will choose a single topic for all three of your major essays in this course: the Background Essay (BE, Literature Review (LR), and tales, Final Research Article (FRA). How you choose and narrow your topic is therefore obviously a very important process; after all, you don't want get bored! You may find yourself going through many twists and turns before you end up with a topic with which you're happy. Even after you think you've found a suitable and cyber crime essay, interesting topic, you may end up changing your topic altogether or at the canterbury tales essays, least changing how you narrow it and the questions you end up asking and trying to answer. Review the Assignments page to see how the dissertation research organize three major papers fit together. Because you are choosing a topic for a research project, you should not automatically choose something about which you already know, in the hopes that this will reduce the the canterbury tales amount of howto a resume work that you have to do. At the same time, you should not automatically discard a topic on which you have some prior knowledge or even expertise. Still, you should only choose such a topic if you are genuinely curious to learn more than you already know and if you feel that you can be genuinely open-minded and willing to alter your starting views and beliefs, based on the research and perspectives that you will run across. Also note that you are choosing a topic within the social sciences, which means that you will not be doing research, for example, on the geology of Mt. Everest. Still, it is not only the topic that makes something fall within social sciences, but the kinds of questions we ask with regard to the canterbury tales essays the topic and affluent, the kinds of approaches or research methods we follow as we try to answer those questions (review the Social Science Disciplines webpage for more on this point).
For example, if you were writing on the BP oil spill, you would not focus on scientific and engineering issues around cleanup but perhaps on political or economic concerns. You shouldn't dilly dally in thinking about possible topics and tales essays, even beginning initial, targeted reading on several topics in the library, databases, or the essay internet, but you should make sure you are allowing yourself the time to consider several real topic possibilities before tying yourself down to the canterbury tales essays one for school social worker cover the rest of the quarter! Choose a topic that is tales essays of current relevance in the United States. Dissertation Research Organize. You will still be required to provide some historical background, no matter how current your topic. While you may end up finding and tales essays, describing some global comparisons or connections, your focus should remain the U.S. Argument For Dualism Essay. Browse through the Table of tales Contents and dissertation, readings of our textbook Rereading America for the canterbury tales ideas, especially the short 2-3 page introduction for each section: 1) The Myth of the social cover Model Family; 2) The Myth of the canterbury essays Education and Empowerment; 3) Myths of Porgress on the Tech Frontier; 4) The Myth of Individual Opportunity; 5) Myths of Gender; 6) The Myth of the Melting Pot.
Note that you must choose at least one article from Rereading America as one of your secondary sources in school worker cover letter your Final Research Article for the course. Prohibited topics include abortion, gun control, death penalty, legalization of drugs, assisted suicide, religion, evolution, cloning, smoking, eating disorders, teen pregnancy, sex education, global warming, videogame violence, school prayer, and essays, obesity . See more on this prohibition below. Make A Resume. Do not choose a topic or approach that places the discussion into the canterbury, a yes/no, good/bad, pro/con, for/against, either/or framework, nor one that ask you to descartes for dualism take sides in the canterbury a controversy. Your job will also not be to predict the future or to propose a solution to a social problem, though you certainly may end up analyzing problems and evaluating solutions. 1. Dissertation Research Organize. Brainstorm: Develop a list of at least 12 topics you might be interested in researching. Include a wide range of topics, including those about the canterbury tales essays, which you know something, those about which you don't know much but would like to know more, those that you think matter a great deal socially, or those that you think may be relevant for your future. Choose at least three possible topics within each of chicago turabian dissertation these categories: 1) your personal background and experience, including your community; 2) your current or future educational or professional goals; 3) cultural issues of concern; and 4) current events, politics and policy debates. Again, prohibited topics include abortion, gun control, death penalty, legalization of drugs, assisted suicide, religion evolution, cloning, smoking, eating disorders, teen pregnancy, sex education, global warming, videogame violence, and obesity. (See below for why these are prohibited.) 2. Other strategies for tales finding topics: After your brainstormed your own topics, you should also look through reference sources like CQ Researcher and Credo Reference (see Holman Library Class Guide). If you're still not satisfied, go to an actual library and browse the for dualism stacks and magazine section or go to the canterbury essays a good bookstore's magazine rack.
You should be able to find a good range of magazines at such chain bookstores as Barnes Noble, as well as other independent bookstores like Elliott Bay Books in Seattle. Look for what appear like serious newsmagazines (without a lot of glossy advertisements) as well as some academic journals you will find there. Browse through and see what captures your attention. You can also read through CR , Quick Tip: Finding Topics (pp. 49-50) for make some more suggestions, as well as the Broad Suggestions for Topics list that appears at the bottom of this page. 3. Tales Essays. Initial consideration: After you have identified some of your top choices for howto a resume topics, explore each one a bit further. The Canterbury Essays. Brainstorm a list of questions for each one. What would like to know? Are you able to go beyond good/bad, yes/no, for/against, pro/con frameworks? Start doing some browsing on the internet (for example, using a search engine like google.com) or a preliminary review of articles and descartes for dualism, sources that might be available on your potential topics using a database like ProQuest (available through the Holman Library website). The Canterbury Essays. Note that when you're doing these preliminary searches for information, you will make use of research skills like experimenting with a range of subject and thesis, keyword terms to search for tales articles and results for howto make a resume any given topic.
4. Reconsideration: This is an important moment. You may be ready to choose ONE topic at this point because you may have discovered that you're no longer equally interested in the canterbury tales or curious about all of the topics that were remaining in howto make the previous stage. After a preliminary review of available articles and sources, you may have discovered that you cannot find equally rich ones for the canterbury all of them. A brand new topic may have occurred to you. Argument Essay. If you still can't decide on just one yet, start reading one or two articles on tales essays, more than one topic, recognizing that you can't stay in this limbo of not deciding your topic choice for too much longer. 6. Narrowing your topic: You may not be happy to hear that, even though you've gone through a number of affluent thesis steps already, finding a topic is only half the battle! Because the amount of time you have in a single quarter to produce a research paper is relatively short, you must narrow your topic so that you are not biting off more than you can chew. Essays. Even with significantly greater time, you would still have to narrow your topic so that your purpose and audience are clear and focused. The way in which you narrow your topic and the aspects that you research further will continue to go through some revision as you move through the various stages of the process. 7. Developing a research question: Later in cover the process, even after you have picked and narrowed your topic, you will still need to develop a SINGLE research question that you will attempt to answer or at tales essays, least address in your Final Research Article (FRA).
You will come up with possible research question at the end of your Literature Review (LR); and finally you will have another chance to revise it for your FRA. Note that your research question should not be a yes/no, good/bad, for/against, pro/con, either/or, etc. kind of argument question. Nor should it be a question that tries to predict the future or solve a problem. Legalization of Drugs. Tales. These topics are prohibited because they have been debated for a long time, and it is rare that new points of view and organize, analyses are added to the conversation.
I have excluded Religion as a topic because academic writing has specific standards of argumentation that are often not compatible with religious ones. Note, however, that there is a long tradition of highly complex theological debate that has been conducted in academic settings; these debates, however, are usually not suitable for the social sciences, the length of essays assignments in this course, nor for the strategies of argumentation we will cover. If you have a strong interest in one of the essay topics from this list and believe that you have a unique angle you wish to explore, I will consider making an tales essays, exception. Once again, your research question (the original angle you will be pursuing with regard to your narrowed topic) should not be a yes/no, good/bad, for/against, pro/con, either/or, etc. type of question; nor should it be a question that tries to argument predict the tales essays future or solve a problem. Media Violence (including films, music, videogames, etc.) Homelessness and Poverty. Genetically Modified Foods. Write Letter. Immigration Policies and tales essays, Immigrant Rights.
War on cyber analytical, Terrorism. US presence in Iraq and Afghanistan. Psychiatric Drugs (Ritalin, Prozac, etc.) Social Media (Facebook, Twitter, etc.) Media Bias and Fake News. As in the Prohibited Topics category above, these topics are very important but have also been debated extensively. Do not choose from the canterbury tales, this list unless you are prepared to turabian do new kinds of the canterbury tales thinking and research, going beyond simple yes/no or for/against positions, as well as the obvious perspectives that we see repeated in the mainstream media. However, with a bit of cyber crime analytical essay additional reading and critical thinking, you may discover new angles and questions that go beyond the essays commonplace understanding of social them. As with any topic you choose, narrowing your topic and posing interesting questions are crucial to a successful essay. I'm hoping that you will find a topic on the canterbury essays, your own based on your own interests or by browsing current newsmagazines or social science textbooks. In addition to descartes argument for dualism essay the topics in the canterbury tales the previous section, below is a list of topics that may lead to useful new research projects, but you should by no means regard this list as exhaustive. For Dualism Essay. I cannot possibly list all possible good topics for a project in essays the social sciences. Note that if you haven't heard of descartes for dualism essay some of the topics below, e.g., green criminology, do some quick research on the internet about them.
Familiarize yourselves with a wide variety of possible topics before making your final topic selection. Protest and other forms of activism. Access to Higher Education. Unemployment, part-time labor, outsourcing. Media Democracy: Independent, Alternative Media, Community Radio, etc. Campaign Finance Reform: Citizens United Supreme Court Ruling (2010), etc. Iraqi, Afghani, Pakistani, Iranian Immigrants in the U.S. Environmental Impact (e.g., Dakota Access Pipeline, etc.) Criminal Justice (must be narrowed; see blue explanation below) Please note the earlier discussion about narrowing topics and finding research questions.
The topics in the canterbury tales this section are still way too big. A Resume. For example, Criminal Justice can include Racial Profiling, Private Prisons, Prison Labor, Mandatory Sentencing, White Collar Crime, etc. Even after you have chosen a subtopic, you have to essays figure out argument what argumentative angle you're going to explore. Essays. For instance, an investigation of Private Prisons might lead you to explore the financial contributions of prison corporations to political campaigns. I have taught a themed section of English 127 just focusing on Criminal Justice.
Look at the huge list of write worker letter potential criminal justice topics.
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The Canterbury Tales Essay - …
oxfordian essay Doubts About Shakespeare's Authorship. #9472; Or About Oxfordian Scholarship? 1728 - Publication of Captain Goulding’s Essay Against Too Much Reading in which he comments on the background Shakespeare would require for his historical plays and the canterbury essays suggests that Shakespeare probably had to keep “one of those chuckle-pated Historians for his particular Associate … or he might have starvd [sic] upon his History.” Goulding tells us that he had this from “one of his (Shakespeare’s) intimate Acquaintance.” — “History of Doubts surrounding the crime, authorship of tales essays Shakespeare’s Works,” from the Shakespeare-Oxford Society Home Page. After the earliest allusion to Shakespeare, in write school social 1592, it took over 190 years before the first unequivocal doubt about his authorship of the renowned plays is heard (which wasn’t made public until 1932 – by Allardyce Nicoll, a Shakespearean scholar, it so happens). Another sixty years would pass before doubts got into tales essays the public realm, when one Joseph C. Hart expressed them in organize his book “The Romance of Yachting,” in essays 1848.
From the Shakespearean point of view, the dissertation research organize, doubts spring from the sea-change in the author’s reputation, from a brilliant, if crude, dramatist, into the canterbury tales an omniscient genius, which began with the howto make a resume, publication of Samuel Johnson’s edition of his works in 1765, and propelled still higher in 1769 when the the canterbury tales essays, greatest actor of his age, David Garrick, staged the “Shakespeare Jubilee” in turabian dissertation Stratford-upon-Avon. This marked the apotheosis of the the canterbury, author – not one of the plays was performed. Chicago Citation. Bardolatry was born. Oxfordians assert that generations of the canterbury tales critics were led astray by the remarks of Ben Jonson and dissertation organize John Milton, persuading them into believing Shakespeare was “child of the canterbury essays nature.” They have searched high and low in the years between 1592 and 1769, for clues that others perceived the truth: the son of a craftsman in a provincial town, with a grammar school education (if that), cannot possibly have written works in which they perceive the write letter, experience and knowledge available only to someone of good breeding – an essays, aristocrat, a nobleman. The problem was finding someone from an turabian citation, early day who agreed with them. And then – O frabjous day!
On that day, an Oxfordian visited the Houghton Library, the rare book repository at Harvard University. Perhaps he was the originator, or was he the lucky discoverer, of a note slipped into a small book entitled An Essay Against Too Much Reading , published in 1728. The note reads, #147;the earliest known publication of any questioning Shakespeare#146;s having written the works attributed to the canterbury, him. See pp. 12 and 13.#148; An odd little book, the first part of it consisting of 36 pages, includes an crime essay, essay, “The Whole Lives and the canterbury tales essays Proceedings Of Sancho and Peepo,” and another about the “So Many Processions” in the town of Bath in argument the preceding year. The second part, numbered pages one to 27, is titled “An Essay Against Reading, c .” It is here that the Shakespeare revelations are to be found. Hooray, for Captain Goulding! (Except it probably wasn’t him. The Canterbury Tales. This attribution is based on an item on the verso of the last page of the book, “A Speech to Royal Highness, the Princess Amelia on her Birth-day, by cyber crime essay Captain Goulding, at his Procession.” There is the canterbury tales, nothing in this speech in common with the author of the essay.
But let’s call him Goulding, for the sake of convenience.) I discovered this remarkable news in analytical a link to the “History of Doubts” on the Shakespeare Oxford Society site on the PBS Frontline web page for the mockumentary The Shakespeare Mystery , which it has twice broadcast. Two things immediately came to mind. First, find the book and see for myself. Second, isn’t there something not quite right, maybe even a little odd, about the information that the Oxfordians present?
I can’t quite put my finger on it … I’ll leave you to ponder this. In the meanwhile, I found the book in tales the Folger Shakespeare Library and, for your better consideration of the make a resume, matter, I shall begin with some excerpts that will give you flavor of this authoritative tome to prepare you for what Oxfordians commend as credible, factual, authentic scholarship (perhaps because of its resemblance to their own). Then you will get, in full, the excerpts about Shakespeare. Tales Essays. (I will most often use modernized spelling and punctuation. A vertical line in the text indicates page divisions. Shakespeare’s name is in cyber crime essay bold face.) [ Pages 1-3 ] I have spent a little time in considering the tales essays, Reason why all our Poets are so low, and the Wit of our present Age is so much inferior to some Ages past. I can attribute it to nothing but the affluent worker thesis, present indolent Course of Life.
Reading, that unactive Course, is the the canterbury tales, forerunner of all distempers. The Reader fixes himself in the easiest posture he can, and frequently dozes until he drops asleep, and consequently forgets all he has been doing. Reason, and our Physicians, tell us that inactivity is the forerunner of all distempers; if so, for descartes essay health’s sake, we ought to restrain ourselves as much as possible from it. But this is the most inconsiderable reason I shall give, ‘tis my business to the canterbury essays, set forth the disadvantages, to the improvement of human Reason in general. School Worker Letter. | The Reader believes that his memory is tales, able to retain all he can discover with his eyes; if he could, it would be an indifferent exchange, to lose his own thoughts to borrow another’s. Research. Only consider, in reading one line, there’s a moment lost to yourself by giving it to the canterbury essays, the Author; you can never read and think at worker cover letter, the same time, yourself shall be the judge: Suppose you had a pen in hand instead of the canterbury tales essays a book, whether your moments might not afford as material thoughts as any Author? No doubt but you shall say, Not; and that God intended the whole creation to serve each other. Organize. Admit that, but not in sublime thought; there Nature dictates, and none but the lame and the canterbury the lazy look out for assistance, and worker of course must always limp behind. Only consider how much time you lose before you touch that which pleases. By constant Reading you discover a great deal bad as well as good, to the canterbury essays, which your own thoughts might have been superior. Admit it was all good, after eight or ten years perusal, then you are entitled to say, I ought to do something, after seeing every thing. When you sit to write, your head is so stuffed with so many Authors and fine things, you known not where to affluent thesis, begin, nor how to essays, serve yourself, without touching other men’s works: Your spirits are sunk with the difficulty, then away to worker cover, the Coffee-House, repeating your old histories, which makes you pass for a clever Man; and at the same time ‘tis an the canterbury essays, imposition, and howto make what any School-Boy might do, that has a memory.
So you drone away your time till death, without serving your Country. After | these tedious customs, a Parrot can as well read, as you to talk without a Book. [ Page 7 ] As to my Historian, I traveled about three weeks with him, and he was the cleverest fellow I ever met with that way in my life; there#146;s scarce a Book from the the canterbury, beginning of writing to a sixpenny pamphlet, but he will give a handsome account of, and he had studied Physick [ as in physician] likewise; that with his old danby covered Books of a thousand years old, he had stuffed my body like a library, and with gally-pots [gallipot, a small glazed pot used by apothecaries] and write cover Physick stuffed my head like an tales essays, Apothecary#146;s Shop; and worker I have not been right well ever since. We went a courting, and when at the teatable, dinner, or supper, there was nothing but History and Physick, Physick and essays History; he knew nothing of courting, so faith, we came home like Fools as we went, left the girls in a surprise; and worker what is worse, he almost ruined me, for I could talk of tales nothing but History and descartes argument for dualism essay Physick for two months after. [ Page 10 ] I have been acquainted with some persons at the University, and in several Colleges; and I have been in the hundreds, at several taverns, such as the Rose, Rummer , Fountain , and Horse-Shoe ; and I have heard there is at the former more lewdness, debauchery, vile swearing, out-o#146;-the-way romancing, and being drunk every night; in short, more Variety of Wickedness than at the canterbury tales essays, the latter. Write Social Worker. There was nothing wanting but the females to make it a true picture of the other; so that one would think the V[ice] Ch[ancel]lor must have had a cloven foot, or there would have been a method taken to the canterbury, prevent such profligate wretches from their vile ways.
Some were obliged to worker, quit the College, for fear he would have appeared in some surprising shape. I have heard 500 say it is the Fountain of Virtue and Knowledge, and the canterbury tales have heard a thousand say it is a resume, of Vice. As we can see from the tales essays, meticulous scholarship, the scientific methodology, this is what we would nowadays call a definitive study of the thesis, acquisition of knowledge and essays of the status of thesis reading, history and universities in early 18 th -century England. We are thus prepared to essays, delve into the insights of this penetrating scholar “on the background Shakespeare would require for his historical plays,” and crime analytical essay his unquestionable belief, based on first hand knowledge he got secondhand, that Stratford Will did not have any such grounding. Thus, without further ado, with every reference to Shakespeare in context, we offer: Shakespeare in the Essay Against Reading, c . [ Page 3 ] These Books take all young fellows off from essays thinking; they are lying about in social worker cover every house; custom has made it so natural, they run to it and the canterbury tales there pause for worker some time.
If they had any concise thoughts, which scarce any’s without, they are immediately drowned, and of course thrown away. Then consider the Ancients were but mortal as thou art, and why superior to essays, thyself, not any ways inspired? Thy business is to go forward, and not look back for crutches to bring thee creeping behind. Affluent Worker Thesis. Study without Book, then you’ll be supplied with thoughts at the firsthand; don’t lie droning thy time away in a Library, gazing and not knowing where to fix; like as if thou wast staring at promiscuous gems, still at a loss, not knowing where to make choice. Thou may’st call over thy Virgil and Homer, Milton and Shakespear [sic], all fine Names. So thou may’st the Diamond, the Sapphire, the Emerald and the canterbury tales essays Ruby, and still be at a loss, not knowing where there’s most beauty. Thou canst not command one hour, and after thou hast almost finished a seven years perusal, Death strikes thee, and all’s gone to the World: which if thou hadst writ thy Works, would have survived thy name. [ Pages 12-15 ] Those that have not a capacity, nor never will endeavor to descartes argument essay, write, they may read Novels, Plays, Poems, History, or whatever their inclinations lead them to; but I would not have Numps [a silly or stupid person] think it would give him a new capacity, or furnish him with any thoughts to make him capable of writing, without a great deal of the canterbury essays plagiarism, which is soon found out.
But men of very good understanding are frightened after reading so many beautiful things so well done. Shakespear has frightened three parts of the World from attempting to write; and he was no Scholar, no Grammarian, no Historian, and in all probability could not write English. Although his Plays were historical, as I have heard, the History part was given him in chicago citation dissertation concise and tales essays short, by affluent worker thesis one of essays these Chuckles that could give him nothing else. Then Shake| spear , like the swift hawk that wings his way in pursuit of his game, takes his flight, and soars so much higher, that his vast lengths, with such variety, turns, and delightful changes, ravish all Spectators with admiration and amazing wonder. You may then observe their eyes lifted up, crying, Oh! immortal and inimitable Shakespear! whither art thou gone! Now thou hast taken too great a flight ever to affluent worker thesis, return, unless thou hadst taken us with thee. The Canterbury Tales. Here we are left in a melancholy World, without a Spark of new Wit to revive our drooping spirits.
These foolish reports give him such a supernatural character, that it sends everybody to read him; and, in short, they find such fine similes, sublime thoughts, and beautiful turns, it frightens a young Fellow from ever presuming to write, if he had it in his thoughts before. And the world is crying, there is research, nothing can ever come up to him, like blockheads. Why may not another be better than him? There are ten thousand better Scholars, for tales he was none; and I am assured there are an hundred Shakespears in crime analytical England at this time; but this way of talking frightens them. I don’t tell you they are at the University; their beautiful thoughts are being driven out by tales essays being stuf[fed] with History; besides, their Tutors teach them to think pretty near almost the same way. Some Universities, in our days, afford us nothing surprising, but a little Religion, and now and then there comes out another spick and citation span-new Way to Heaven. The Lord grant that we may not be put into so many paths, and the canterbury lose the right at last. Yes, sometimes a new Physician is sent | us, and the poor country souls put their lives in their hands, to give them the practical part; but I will never take any of their prescriptions ‘till they have been in the hands, and under the Directions of howto such celebrated and ingenious Men as Dr. Tales. Bave; and in write school cover all probability, Dr.
Harrington must be a very safe Physician, the World allowing him to the canterbury, be a Man of fine Sense, a regular Liver, and a graduate Physician: besides the vast advantages he has gained in being in descartes essay so many consultations, and having perpetually his Father’s Directions and the canterbury Rules of Practice for his Improvement. I will give you a short Account of Mr. Shakespear’s Proceeding; and that I had from one of his intimate Acquaintance. His being imperfect in some things was owing to his not being a Scholar, which obliged him to have one of those chuckle-pated Historians for his particular Associate, that could scarce speak a word but upon that subject; and he maintained him or he might have starved upon his History. And when he wanted any thing in his [the historian’s] Way, as his Plays were all Historical, he sent to him, and took down the heads what was for his purpose in Characters, which were thirty times as quick as running to the Books to read for it. Then with his natural flowing Wit, he worked it into all shapes and forms, as his beautiful thoughts directed. The other put it into Grammar; and instead of Reading, he stuck close to write school worker, writing and study without Book.
How do you think Reading could have assisted him in such great thoughts? It would only have lost time. When he found his thoughts grow | on him so fast, he could have writ forever, had he lived so long. Mr. The Canterbury. Congreve writ his first Play before he was sixteen years of age. Do you think he was a Historian before he was done with his School-Books? No; the Dictates of Nature only howto a resume, refined his judgment, which was surprising in the canterbury tales a Youth. But I am afraid he fell into argument for dualism the other way, being over-curious of the canterbury essays seeing what Shakespear , and chicago others, had done, which forewarned him of great difficulties; or was afraid he should not excel those that gave him the surprise: whereas, otherwise, it would have been almost as easy as writing a common letter. [ Page 16 ] I have a Play almost ready for the Stage.
I keep but just within in the bounds of Religion and the canterbury essays Law; to all other Passions I am boundless, and expect to be raved at for Romantick Bombast; but let them mend it, that shall not fright me; and dissertation organize if it’s damned, they may be d[amne]d for their pains, for what I care. I do assure you, I would not read any of Shakespear’s or Congreve’s Plays for fifty pounds, for fear it should puzzle or surprise me with wonder, that might dispirit me from going on. He that writes must think himself the the canterbury tales, best, or else he writes in fear, and organize consequently his Works will come to nothing: Courage is half the proceeding in any undertaking. There You Have It. But wait, you say: what happened to “Captain Goulding’s” “comments on the canterbury tales essays the background Shakespeare would require for his historical plays”? Where are they? It does appear that Oxfordians, who often miss what is there, have been compensated by a knack for finding what is not there.
One thing that is not missed, just missing, is what they assert the essay’s author was actually saying about Shakespeare keeping an historian. As Oxfordians’ fashion it in their “History of Doubts,” Goulding “suggests that Shakespeare probably had to keep ‘one of dissertation those chuckle-pated Historians for his particular Associate … or he might have starvd upon his History’.” In other words, Shakespeare, “not being a Scholar,” would have starved on his own knowledge of history. However, as we see, the passage actually says that Shakespeare hired “one of those chuckle-pated Historians for his particular Associate, that could scarce speak a word but upon that subject; and he maintained him , or he might have starved upon his History.” The italicized portion is essays, what the Oxfordians omitted. In context, I believe, the descartes argument for dualism essay, correct interpretation is that it was the “chuckle-pated historian,” not Shakespeare, who would have starved upon his historical knowledge had he not been employed by the playwright. For historians, according to Goulding, the only other means for sustenance is the canterbury tales essays, “to make his fortune by marriage.” Agreed, that passage in full is research, ambiguous – it can be read either way.
With the portion in italics omitted, as the Oxfordians did, it leads the reader to think that there is only one way it can be read – the way they want it to read, the way they want you to tales essays, believe. Which brings us to that part of the Oxfordians’ news that I found so elusively disquieting. As they put it: Goulding tells us that he got this from write school social worker cover letter “one of tales essays his (Shakespeare’s) intimate Acquaintance.” Many a midnight dreary (the weather has been awful lately), I pondered this weak and weary (who isn’t at midnight?), wondering what it could be that doesn’t seem quite right about dissertation research, this. Could it be Oxfordians have once again been up to some sleight of mind? Let’s take a look at it again, as it appears in the essay in its entirety: “I will give you a short Account of Mr. Shakespear’s Proceeding; and that I had from one of his intimate Acquaintance.” Shakespeare died in the canterbury tales essays 1616. Chicago Turabian Citation Dissertation. Goulding was writing in 1728 #150; 112 years later! That would make Goulding#146;s source something over 130 years old.
Isn#146;t it extraordinary that the Oxfordians, who microscopically scrutinize every word in every allusion to Shakespeare, who find every flyspeck in the Shakespearean ointment, can have detected nothing amiss? Still more remarkable is tales, how anyone can have proffered An Essay Against Too Much Reading as a serious source for information about Shakespeare. As the excerpts I have quoted show, it is from start to finish a satirical polemic, written at a time when perhaps the greatest of satirists in worker the English language, Jonathan Swift, was at the height of his fame. Although it has neither the tales essays, bite nor polish of write social Swift’s wit, its author’s style and exaggeration are frequently funny, at times hilarious. But then, when it comes to the authorship controversy, even the most congenial Oxfordians (and I have known many) may lack a sense of humor.
Like many another, I am amazed by how deeply, inexhaustibly, they delve to come up with obscure things; An Essay Against Too Much Reading is an tales essays, outstanding example. Unlike the others in that many, I wonder at cyber crime analytical essay, times if I may be the only who is no less amazed by tales essays what they do with these sources.
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Geoffrey Chaucer: The Canterbury …
chapters in a thesis NOTES FOR CANDIDATES AND THEIR SUPERVISORS. How should PhD candidates and their supervisors present the thesis? This problem is clearly important for PhD candidates. Many universities provide little guidance to candidates, prompting the the canterbury essays criticism that, at one university, `the conditions for the award of worker degrees in the Graduate Study section of the calendar give more precise information on the size of the paper to be used and the margins to be left on each side of the essays sheet than on the university's understanding of what a thesis is' (Massingham 1984, p. 15). By using the structure developed below, a candidate will ensure his or her PhD thesis demonstrates the key requirements of a PhD thesis (Moses 1985): a distinct contribution to turabian dissertation, a body of knowledge through an essays original investigation or testing of ideas, worthy in part of publication (see chapter 5 described below) -this is usually the most important criterion for a PhD; competence in research processes, including an understanding of, and competence in, appropriate research techniques and an ability to report research (see chapters 3 and 4, plus the whole report format); and mastery of cyber crime analytical a body of knowledge , including an ability to make critical use of published work and tales essays, source materials (see chapter 2) with an appreciation of the relationship of the special theme to the wider field of knowledge (see chapters 2 and affluent, 5). The foundations for the structured approach were the tales essays writer's own doing, supervising, examining and adjudicating conflicting examiners' reports of many master's and PhD theses in management and related fields at several Australian universities, and affluent worker, examining requests for transfer from the canterbury tales essays master's to PhD research, together with comments from the people listed in the acknowledgments section. The paper has two parts. Firstly, the affluent worker thesis five chapter structure is introduced, possible changes to the canterbury tales essays, it are justified and writing style is considered.
In the argument second part, each of the the canterbury tales five chapters and their sections are described in some detail: introduction, literature review, methodology, analysis of data, and findings and implications. Delimitations. The structured approach may be limited to PhDs in management areas such as marketing and dissertation organize, strategic management which involve common quantitative and qualitative methodologies. That is, the structure may not be appropriate for essays PhDs in other areas or for management PhDs using relatively unusual methodologies such as historical research designs. Moreover, the dissertation organize structure is a starting point for thinking about how to present a thesis rather than the only structure which can be adopted, and so it is not meant to inhibit the creativity of PhD researchers.
Moreover, adding one or two chapters to the five presented here, can be justified as shown below. Another limitation of the approach is that it is restricted to presenting the final thesis. The Canterbury Tales! This paper does not address the techniques of actually writing a thesis (however, appendix I describes three little-known keys to writing a thesis). Moreover, the approach in this paper does not refer to the actual sequence of crime analytical writing the thesis, nor is it meant to imply that the issues of each chapter have to be addressed by the candidate in the order shown. For example, the hypotheses at the end of chapter 2 are meant to appear to be developed as the chapter progresses, but the tales candidate might have a good idea of what they will be before he or she starts to write the chapter. And although the methodology of chapter 3 must appear to be been selected because it was appropriate for the research problem identified and howto, carefully justified in the canterbury essays, chapter 1, the candidate may have actually selected a methodology very early in his or her candidature and then developed an appropriate research problem and social worker letter, justified it. Moreover, after a candidate has sketched out a draft table of contents for each chapter, he or she should begin writing the `easiest parts' of the thesis first as they go along, whatever those parts are - and the canterbury, usually introductions to chapters are the last to written (Phillips Pugh 1987, p. 61).
But bear in mind that the research problem, limitations and research gaps in the literature must be identified and written down before other parts of the descartes essay thesis can be written, and section 1.1 is one of the last to tales essays, be written. Nor is this structure meant to be the format for chicago turabian dissertation a PhD research proposal - one proposal format is provided in Parker and essays, Davis (1979), and crime, another related to essays, the structure developed below is in appendix II. How to write an cyber crime essay abstract of a thesis is described in appendix VI. Table 1 Sequence of a five chapter PhD thesis. Figure 1 Model of the chapters of a PhD thesis. In brief, the thesis should have a unified structure (Easterby-Smith et al. 1991).
Firstly, chapter 1 introduces the core research problem and then `sets the the canterbury tales essays scene' and outlines the path which the make a resume examiner will travel towards the thesis' conclusion. The research itself is the canterbury tales, described in chapters 2 to 5: the research problem and hypotheses arising from the body of knowledge developed during previous research (chapter 2), methods used in this research to collect data about the hypotheses (chapter 3), results of applying those methods in this research (chapter 4), and conclusions about the hypotheses and research problem based on the results of chapter 4, including their place in the body of knowledge outlined previously in chapter 2 (chapter 5). This five chapter structure can be justified. Firstly, the structure is a unified and focussed one, and so addresses the major fault of postgraduate theses in a survey of 139 examiners' reports, that is, it clearly addresses those examiners' difficulty in write social worker letter, discerning what was the `thesis' of the thesis? `Supervisors need to emphasise throughout students' candidacies that they are striving in the thesis to communicate one big idea' (Nightingale 1984, p. 174), and that one big idea is the research problem stated on page 1 or 2 of the thesis and explicitly solved in chapter 5. Easterby-Smith et al. (1991) also emphasise the the canterbury tales importance of consistency in social worker, a PhD thesis, and Phillips and Pugh (1987, p. 38) confirm that a thesis must have a thesis or a `position'. Secondly, the structure carefully addresses each of the 31 requirements of an Australian PhD thesis outlined by tales essays an authority in a publication of the Higher Education Research and organize, Development Society of Australia (Moses 1985, pp. 32-34). Thirdly, the structure is explicitly or implicitly followed by essays many writers of articles in prestigious academic journals such as The Academy of school worker cover Management Journal and Strategic Management Journal (for example, Datta et al. 1992).
Fourthly, the the canterbury structure has been the basis of several PhD and masters theses at write worker Australian universities that were completed in minimum time and passed by examiners with none or negligible revisions required. Fifthly, the structure is much like that which will be used by candidates later in their career, to apply for research grants (Krathwohl 1977; Poole 1993). Finally, by reducing time wasted on unnecessary tasks or on trying to demystify the the canterbury tales essays PhD process, the five chapter structure provides a mechanism to shorten the time taken to chicago turabian, complete a PhD, an aim becoming desired in many countries (Cude 1989). Justified changes to the structure. Some changes to the five chapter structure could be justified.
For example, a candidate may find it convenient to expand the number of chapters to six or seven because of unusual characteristics of the analysis in his or her research; for the canterbury tales example, a PhD might consist of two stages: some qualitative research reported in chapters 3 and 4 of the thesis described below, which is then followed by some quantitative research to refine the initial findings reported in chapters 5 and chicago citation dissertation, 6; the chapter 5 described below would then become chapter 7. In addition, PhD theses at universities that allow its length to rise from a minimum length of about 50 000 to 60 000 words (Phillips Pugh 1987), say, through a reasonable length of about 70 000 to the canterbury tales, 80 000 words, up to the upper limit 100 000 words specified by organize some established universities like the University of Queensland and Flinders University, may have extra chapters added to contain the extended reviews of bodies of the canterbury tales essays knowledge in those huge theses. In brief, in some theses, the five chapters may become five sections with one or more chapters within each of them, but the principles of the descartes essay structured approach should remain. That is, PhD research must remain an essentially creative exercise. The Canterbury Essays! Nevertheless, the five chapter structure provides a starting point for understanding what a PhD thesis should set out to achieve, and also provides a basis for communication between a candidate and his or her supervisor. As noted above, the descartes five chapter structure is primarily designed for PhDs in tales essays, management or related fields using common methodologies.
Qualitative methodologies such as case studies and action research (Perry Zuber-Skerritt 1992; 1994) can fit into the structure, with details of cyber analytical essay how the case study or the action research project being presented in chapter 3 and the canterbury, case study details or the detailed report of the affluent thesis action research project being placed in appendices. The Canterbury Tales Essays! In theses using the relatively qualitative methodologies of case studies or action research, the analysis of data in chapter 4 becomes a categorisation of data in the form of words, with information about each research question collected together with some preliminary reflection about the for dualism essay information. That is, the thesis still has five chapters in total, with chapter 4 having preliminary analysis of data and the canterbury tales, chapter 5 containing all the sections described below. Appendix III discusses in more detail the difficult task of incorporating an action research project into a PhD thesis. Links between chapters. Research! Each chapter described below should stand almost alone. Each chapter (except the the canterbury tales essays first) should have an introductory section linking the chapter to the main idea of the previous chapter and outlining the aim and the organisation of the chapter. For example, the core ideas in crime, an introduction to chapter 3 might be: Chapter 2 identified several research questions; chapter 3 describes the methodology used to provide data to investigate them. An introduction to the methodology was provided in tales, section 1.4 of chapter 1; this chapter aims to for dualism, build on that introduction and to provide assurance that appropriate procedures were followed. Tales! The chapter is organised around four major topics: the study region, the sampling procedure, nominal group technique procedures, and data processing.
The introductory section of chapter 5 (that is, section 5.1) will be longer than those of affluent worker other chapters, for it will summarise all earlier parts of the thesis prior to making conclusions about the research described in those earlier parts; that is, section 5.1 will repeat the research problem and the canterbury essays, the research questions/hypotheses. Each chapter should also have a concluding summary section which outlines major themes established in the chapter, without introducing new material. Dissertation Research Organize! As a rough rule of the canterbury essays thumb, the five chapters have these respective percentages of the thesis' words: 5, 30, 15, 25 and 25 percent. As well as the structure discussed above, examiners also assess matters of style (Hansford Maxwell 1993). Within each of the chapters of the thesis, the spelling, styles and formats of Style Manual (Australian Government Publishing Service 1988) and howto, of the Macquarie Dictionary should be followed scrupulously, so that the candidate uses consistent styles from the first draft and tales essays, throughout the thesis for dissertation processes such as using bold type, underlining with italics, indenting quotations, single and double inverted commas, making references, spaces before and after side headings and lists, and gender conventions. Moreover, using the authoritative Style Manual provides a defensive shield against an examiner who may criticise the the canterbury tales thesis from the viewpoint of his or her own idiosyncratic style. Some pages of Style Manual (Australian Government Publishing Service 1988) which are frequently used by PhD candidates are listed in appendix IV. In addition to usual style rules such as each paragraph having an early topic sentence, a PhD thesis has some style rules of its own. For example, chapter 1 is usually written in the present tense with references to literature in the past tense; the rest of the thesis is written in the past tense as it concerns the research after it has been done, except for the findings in chapter 5 which are presented in the present tense. More precisely for chapters 2 and 3, schools of cyber crime thought and procedural steps are written of in the present tense and published researchers and the candidate's own actions are written of in the past tense.
For example: 'The eclectic school has [present] several strands. Smith (1990) reported [past] that. ' and `The first step in content analysis is [present] to decide on categories. The researcher selected [past] ten documents. ' In addition, value judgements and words should not be used in the objective pursuit of truth that a thesis reports. For example, `it is unfortunate', `it is tales, interesting', `it is believed', and `it is welcome' are inappropriate. Although first person words such as `I' and `my' are now acceptable in a PhD thesis (especially in chapter 3 of social a thesis within the interpretive paradigm), their use should be controlled - the candidate is a mere private in an army pursuing truth and so should not overrate his or her importance until the PhD has been finally awarded. In other words, the candidate should always justify any decisions where his or her judgement was required (such as the number and type of industries surveyed and the number of tales points on a likert scale), acknowledging the strengths and write social cover, weaknesses of the options considered and always relying upon as many references as possible to support the decision made. That is, authorities should be used to back up any claim of the researcher, if possible. If the examiner wanted to read opinions, he or she could read letters to the canterbury, the editor of a newspaper. Moreover, few if any authorities in dissertation research, the field should be called `wrong', at the worst they might be called `misleading'; after all, one of these authorities might be an examiner and have spent a decade or more developing his or her positions and so frontal attacks on those positions are likely to be easily repulsed. Indeed, the candidate should try to agree with the supervisor on tales, a panel of likely people from cyber analytical essay which the essays university will select the thesis examiner so that only appropriate people are chosen.
After all, a greengrocer should not examine meat products and an academic with a strong positivist background is unlikely to be an appropriate examiner of a qualitative thesis, for example (Easterby-Smith et al. 1991), or an examiner that will require three research methods is not chosen for a straightforward thesis with one. That is, do not get involved in the cross fire of `religious wars' of some disciplines. Moreover, this early and affluent worker thesis, open consideration of examiners allows the candidate to think about how his or her ideas will be perceived by likely individual examiners and so express the ideas in the canterbury essays, a satisfactory way, for example, explain a line of howto argument more fully or justify a position more completely. That is, the candidate must always be trying to communicate with the examiners in essays, an easily-followed way. This easily-followed communication can be achieved by using several principles. Firstly, have sections and sub-sections starting as often as very second or third page, each with a descriptive heading in bold. Secondly, start each section or sub-section with a phrase or sentence linking it with what has gone before, for example, a sentence might start with `Given the situation described in section 2.3.4' or `Turning from international issues to domestic concerns. ' Thirdly, briefly describe the argument or point to make, be made in the section at its beginning, for example, `Seven deficiencies in models in the literature will be identified'. Fourthly, make each step in the argument easy to the canterbury tales essays, identify with a key term in italics or the research organize judicious use of `firstly', `secondly', or `moreover', `in addition', `in contrast' and the canterbury tales, so on.
Finally, end each section with a summary, to affluent, establish what it has achieved; this summary sentence or paragraph could be flagged by usually beginning it with `In conclusion. ' or `In brief. ' In brief, following these five principles will make arguments easy to the canterbury tales, follow and so guide the examiner towards agreeing with a candidate's views. Another PhD style rule is that the word `etc' is too imprecise to be used in a thesis. Furthermore, words such as `this', `these', `those' and `it' should not be left dangling - they should always refer to an object; for example, `This rule should be followed' is preferred to `This should be followed'. Some supervisors also suggest that brackets should rarely be used in a PhD thesis - if a comment is important enough to help answer the thesis' research problem, then it should be added in a straightforward way and not be hidden within brackets as a minor concern to distract the for dualism essay examiner away from the research problem. As well, definite and indefinite articles should be avoided where possible, especially in headings; for example, `Supervision of doctoral candidates' is more taut and less presumptuous than `The supervision of doctoral candidates'. Paragraphs should be short; as a rule of tales thumb, three to four paragraphs should start on each page if my preferred line spacing of 1.5 and Times Roman 12 point font is used to howto a resume, provide adequate structure and complexity of thought on each page. (A line spacing of 2 and more paragraphs per page make a thesis appear disjointed and `flaky', and the canterbury essays, a sanserif font is crime, not easy to read.) A final note of style is that margins should be those nominated by the university or those in Style Manual (Australian Government Publishing Service 1988). The above comments about structure and style correctly imply that a PhD thesis with its readership of three examiners is different from a book which has a very wide readership (Derricourt 1992), and from shorter conference papers and journal articles which do not require the burden of proof and references to broader bodies of knowledge required in the canterbury tales, PhD theses. Candidates should be aware of these differences and could therefore consider concentrating on completing the thesis before adapting parts of organize it for other purposes. However, it must be admitted that presenting a paper at a conference in a candidature may lead to useful contacts with the the canterbury tales `invisible college' (Rogers 1983, p. 57) of researchers in a field, and affluent worker thesis, some candidates have found referees' comments on the canterbury tales essays, articles submitted for analytical essay publication in journals during their candidacy, have improved the quality of their thesis' analysis (and publication has helped them get a job).
Nevertheless, several supervisors suggest that it is preferable to concentrate on the canterbury tales essays, the special requirements of the thesis and adapt it for worker thesis publication after the PhD has been awarded or while the candidate has temporary thesis `writer's block'. The thesis will have to go through many drafts (Zuber-Skerritt Knight 1986). The first draft will be started early in the candidature, be crafted after initial mindmapping and a tentative table of contents of a chapter and a section, through the `right', creative side of the brain and will emphasise basic ideas without much concern for detail or precise language. Supervisors and other candidates should be involved in the review of these drafts because research has shown that good researchers ` require the collaboration of others to make their projects work, to the canterbury essays, get them to completion' (Frost Stablein 1992, p. 253), and that social isolation is the main reason for withdrawing from postgraduate study (Phillips Conrad 1992). By the way, research has also shown that relying on make, just one supervisor can be dangerous (Conrad, Perry Zuber-Skerritt 1992; Phillips Conrad 1992).
Facilitating the creative first drafts of sections, the relatively visible and structured `process' of this paper's structure allows the candidate to tales essays, be more creative and rigorous with the `content' of the affluent worker thesis than he or she would otherwise be. After the first rough drafts, later drafts will be increasingly crafted through the `left', analytical side of the brain and emphasise fine tuning of tales arguments, justification of positions and further evidence gathering from other research literature.