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Aspera: Moving the essay World's Data at Maximum Speed. Release Notes: IBM Aspera Enterprise Server, Connect Server, Point-to-Point Client, and Desktop Client 3.6.2 for printers Windows and club scene Linux. Product Release: July 5, 2016. Release Notes Updated: September 11, 2017. Figurative? WHAT'S NEW (Windows Version, see the following section for Linux) Release 3.6.2 is an breakfast club essay scene, update of vs creon IBM Aspera Enterprise Server, Connect Server, Point-to-Point Client, and Desktop Client. It provides the new features, fixes, and other changes listed below that have been made since release 3.6.0. Release 3.6.2 includes IBM Aspera Sync 3.6.2. The command to resume ascp with the command-line argument k2 or k3 now works when an FIPS-140 compatible cipher is set. Added support for tokens for parent paths in single path transfers.
For example, a token built for /general will also allow a transfer of a single file or directory named /general/other/subsidiary . Essay Scene? ascp now supports multiple private SSH key files that are called on the command line, specified with -i arguments. The keys are tried in order and the process ends when a key passes authentication or when all keys have been tried and have failed authentication. Added support for encryption-at-rest (EAR) in the watchfolder configuration. Console now reports the activity of the server node on essay on antigone, the Activity Overview Page, in the Sync Jobs list, when async_activity_logging is set in aspera.conf . aswatchadmin now allows specification of the escape character when using --format . Improved performance (by increasing the speed) when the system is deleting a large number of club essay scene files in services texas, Azure. Node API /files/browse now uses a configurable aspera.conf option to essay scene retrieve the preserved modification times for ascp uploads. In Node API, the parameters iteration_token and after_time can now both be used with the APIs /ops/transfers and /events ; the parameters can be used together or separately.
The parameters are set in aspera.conf according to the following policy: If no value is available for count , use the value set in max_response_entries . If count is present, return the lower number of responses of count and max_response_entries . Support for figurative language cache-control metadata for S3. The default read/write block size is now set to 256 K (262144 KB) in ascp . ascp forward proxy needs to breakfast scene support DNS names pointing to multiple proxies. asperawatchfolderd support for aspera proxy ( dnat / dnats ). Printers Cambridge? A new option in aspera.conf for essay client-side encryption setting frees users from having to specify a matching value at the command line ( -T ). async now accepts external cookies, tags, and figurative language essay rubric reports through management. Added a client-side configuration option to define a per-user or global default of the essay scene SSH key (to help clients used to running ssh without specifying a key if $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa exists). Added support for the hmac-sha2-256 and vs creon hmac-sha2-512 algorithms. Added support for the diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256 key-exchange algorithm. Support for club scene full URIs in paper, file lists and club file-pair lists. Essay On Antigone? Amazon's new Infrequent Access storage option is now available as a storage class, through docroot configuration. Club Essay? Node API /transfers and essay /opt/transfers take a multi_session field to split a given transfer job between multiple ascp sessions, possibly over multiple nodes when using a cluster as an breakfast essay, initiator. Functionality: this adds a default multipart aspera.conf configuration directive to use when one is not specified by the API call.
Support for the multi-session threshold feature in node ( file.json ) transfers. Support for Amazon KMS when uploading to research paper S3 (pushes data directly to breakfast club essay scene S3 and essay on antigone vs creon supports KMS encryption). ascp now reads session_timeout_sec from aspera.conf . Azure support now includes storage to blob pages. Transfers to Amazon S3 storage now have the capacity to set cache-control request headers. For more information, see the API Reference in the AWS documentation at breakfast the following URL (subject to change): The option ascp --remove-empty-source-directory for vs creon the --remove-after-transfer feature can now be enabled in Aspera Central in the SOAP API; it removes the source directory itself. Support for an inclusion filter with Console smart transfers. When you export and import connections in the GUI, they do not include passwords. Because the password database encryption uses a per-user/per-machine cryptographic key, the encrypted passwords cannot be used on other machines. Scene? Since the passwords are not transferred, they must be re-entered when the connection is figurative, imported. [Windows] After upgrading from the currently installed 3.6.2 version of Enterprise Server, Connect Server, or Point-to-Point to a more recent build version of 3.6.2, the club essay admin user may be prompted to restart the system.
This release offers a new set of aswatchadmin options reorganized by resume writing texas function, which can be used instead of the --tool option. The first command below is replaced by the second: Issues Fixed in this Release. Breakfast Club Scene? (This release contains tickets created from two tracking systems; thus there are two different formats for ticket identifiers.) #36187 - [Windows, ES and P2P] An upgrade from 3.6.0 to 3.6.2 results in on antigone vs creon, a problem with hotfolders; a failed to authenticate message appears. #WAT-230 - [watchfolderd] Post-processing is not performed for breakfast failed drops to a watchfolder: when a drop fails because it has exceeded its configured retry period (nothing transfers for x seconds), the post-processing for essay the drop is not executed and the corresponding files do not reach a final state. The logs incorrectly show the file state TRANSFER_FINISHED . #WAT-223 - When creating a watchfolder with post-processing transfer_delete , the source files are not removed after they are successfully transferred. Club Essay Scene? #WAT-190 - Watchfolder does not retransfer changed files because it does not detect a change that happens after the cool-off of the file but before the completion of the drop. Instant? #WAT-170 - async stops mid-transfer when using asperawatchd . #WAT-168 - Local post-processing transfer_delete is breakfast essay scene, executed for failed files. #WAT-136 - On a watchfolder, timestamps are not preserved, even when they are specified in the configuration. #WAT-119 - async noncontinuous mode does not sync files after a cancelled session. #WAT-92 - In asperawatchfolderd , there is now an ability to reenable remove post-processing. #WAT-86 - aswatchadmin now has a feature to test and set system values. #WAT-64 - asperawatchd now supports namespaces in redis to distinguish the different asperawatchd instances running on the same redis instance; this enables starting multiple asperawatchd instances using different users. #WAT-51 - Watchfolder status is stuck in Processing when files are skipped by ascp . #36088, #36087, #36085, #36084, #36083, #36082, #36073, #36069 - [Windows] Users in a translated UI (Spanish, French, Chinese, Japanese) see error messages when they change Server Configuration settings. #35893 - When a docroot is research papers, configured on club, a remote server and printers a new hot folder is configured with a source folder equal to / (with any existing local folder as the destination folder) the breakfast club essay underlying ascp transfer fails because the asperasync services removes trailing slashes from directory paths, resulting in an empty source path. Resume Services Dallas? #35883 - [Windows] For an Enterprise Server that has inline validation configured and is running on Windows, with domain users ( DOMAINUSER ) for authentication, the payload that the Aspera Server sends to the validator does not have valid JSON syntax. #35378 - asperahttpd crashes when resuming an breakfast club, existing ascp transfer. #35295 - A destination top-level directory does not have write access and the user is on antigone vs creon, using the breakfast essay -t option to preserve times in on antigone, their async . #35253 - Alee logs show that alee reports 400 bad request when the redis database is empty or all the keys have 0 . #34419 - The user is unable to download encrypted files with an incorrect decryption passphrase. (This is stilll an issue when using HTTP fallback; see ticket #34811 in breakfast essay, the Known Issues section). #34228 - The error ERR cannot read content-protect parameters should display as a warning instead. #34166 - Memory leaks in asperanoded result in system crashes. Figurative? #34139 - Delete-before-transfer is not working for a SMBCIFS path.
#34124 - When transfers are initiated from Watchfolder Transfers, the breakfast essay Name field does not populate with data. #33978 - Ability to check for sshkey path in $HOME/.ssh not functioning properly. #33874 - [Windows] During installation of resume writing dallas Enterprise Server 3.6.0, the UI does not start and displays the error message Exception occured during initialization. This in club scene, an issue on essay on antigone, Windows Server 2008 with a non-unicode locale set to several non-US countries. #33567 - When server-side encryption-at-rest (EAR) is breakfast scene, configured for local storage using file:///path docroot , the aspera.conf chunk_size parameter must be set. #33566 - Installation of the Connect Server web UI on Windows 10 fails. #33536 - When the cambridge database is configured on a remote machine, and db_host is set, ascp attempts to connect to the local database. #33313 - When using CLI to transfer and preserve XATTRs, XATTRs are not preserved with a file reporting as 0 KB. #33233 - Basic tokens are stored and breakfast essay scene can be reused to make arbitrary transfers. Language Essay Rubric? #33204 - A file name causes a crash. #33011 - asdelete fails to connect to the server. Release 3.6.2 is an update of IBM Aspera Enterprise Server, Connect Server, Point-to-Point Client, and Desktop Client. It provides the new features, fixes, and other changes listed below for breakfast Linux since release 3.6.1. Release 3.6.2 includes IBM Aspera Sync 3.6.2.
The command to resume ascp with the writing services dallas command-line argument k2 or k3 now works when an FIPS-140 compatible cipher is set. Added support for tokens for scene parent paths in single path transfers. Thesis Cambridge? For example, a token built for /general will also allow a transfer of club a single file or directory named /general/other/subsidiary . ascp now supports multiple private SSH key files that are called on the command line, specified with -i arguments. On Antigone Vs Creon? The keys are tried in essay scene, order and the process ends when a key passes authentication or when all keys have been tried and have failed authentication. Added support for encryption-at-rest (EAR) in on antigone vs creon, the watchfolder configuration. Essay? When you export and import connections in the GUI, they do not include passwords. Because the password database encryption uses a per-user/per-machine cryptographic key, the services dallas encrypted passwords cannot be used on other machines. Since the breakfast scene passwords are not transferred, they must be re-entered when the connection is imported.
Issues Fixed in this Release. (This release contains tickets created from two tracking systems; thus there are two different formats for ticket identifiers.) #WAT-230 - [watchfolderd] Post-processing is not performed for failed drops to a watchfolder: when a drop fails because it has exceeded its configured retry period (nothing transfers for x seconds), the post-processing for thesis the drop is not executed and the corresponding files do not reach a final state. The logs incorrectly show the file state TRANSFER_FINISHED . #WAT-223 - When creating a watchfolder with post-processing transfer_delete , the breakfast essay scene source files are not removed after they are successfully transferred. #35893 - When a docroot is configured on a remote server and a new hot folder is configured with a source folder equal to thesis / (with any existing local folder as the destination folder) the underlying ascp transfer fails because the breakfast essay scene asperasync services removes trailing slashes from thesis creator, directory paths, resulting in breakfast club essay, an empty source path. Policy Paper? #33872 - [Linux] After installing the license, an incorrect error message is displayed: The server has a client license . Windows : 2008r2, 2012r2, 7, 8, 10. Browsers: Microsoft Edge, Firefox 27-48, Chrome 32-50. Linux 64-bit and scene 32-bit : Ubuntu 12-15, RHEL 6-7, CentOS 6-7, SLES 11-12 Kernel 2.4 or higher and libc version GLIB 2.3.4+, Debian 6-7, Fedora 16-20. Browsers (for Connect Server clients): Firefox 27-48, Google Chrome 32-50. Figurative Language Essay? (This release contains tickets created from two tracking systems; thus there are two different formats for ticket identifiers.) ATT-174 - ascp fails to breakfast club download and creator decrypt files that were uploaded and encrypted using HTTP fallback. #36373 - In cases of a failed transfer, the club essay files counter in thesis cambridge, session statistics is not updated with the breakfast data for skipped files. Figurative Essay? #36276 - When the ignore_skipped_files setting is enabled ( true ) on the ES node, Console continues to show all skipped files for failed transfers on the Activity page. #WAT-174 - Watchfolder uses excessive memory when watching 10 million files.
#WAT-169 - [Watchfolder] When using top_level_dirs drop detection with x top level directories, 7( x )+ drops are created. The drop count continually increases. #35952 - asunprotect cannot decrypt a re-protected file. #35857 - On CentOS7, the UI doesn't start unless there is data in the clipboard. #35453 - Parallel transfers from the desktop client to breakfast essay scene Enterprise Server (ES 3.6.0 and above) with the -C option fail with the error Session Stop (Error: Session initiation failed) . #35421 - Shares console becomes unresponsive during a deletion command that takes a long time to run. Printers? #34811 - The user is unable to essay download encrypted files with an incorrect decryption passphrase when using HTTP fallback. #34674 - When Japanese language is set on the ES UI, it doesn't respect aspera.conf settings; all docroot settings are set to language essay rubric false, and the other settings fail with attached Japanese errors. #34322 - ascp fails to authenticate SHH with a large banner file size (approximately 2000 bytes) on CentOS 7.2. #33877 - Aspera Enterprise licenses that are watchfolder-enabled don't display watchfolders as an enabled setting when running the license switch ascp -A . #33673 - Transferring symbolic links on breakfast club essay, Windows results in the creation of a zero-byte file at the destination instead of the expected copying of the target of the symlink. #33374 - The unimplemented function error does not appear when the user attempts to figurative essay create a symbolic link to a file on cloud storage (S3) from the Node API. (Symbolic link capability is only available on local storage.) #33298 - The ES Windows installer fails to install with the /quiet option. #33229 - The client is no longer able to browse a file on cloud storage using a /files/browse API request. #33214 - Transfers to and from cloud storage (S3)€”using authorization tokens with URIs that do not have a docroot specified€”are unsupported. #33206 - /ops/transfers erroneously shows some queued transfers (which are farther down in the queue) as failed before they have completed. #33202 - Node API allows the breakfast club essay user to move a file in cloud storage into a directory with a /files/rename request. #33094 - ascp delete-before-transfer does not support URI storage. #32941 - Because pvcl does not support the --no-read --no-write option, ascp should fail transfers that use these options with pvcl . However, ascp ignores the cambridge options and continues the transfer. #32890 - In a successful transfer from the client to the server, ascp fails to copy the metafile and thus it does not transfer with the data file. #32680 - The option to create a directory ( ascp -d ) may create a directory at a destination before an expected session failure. #32669 - When a directory is linked from a subdirectory, it does not appear in the search result for essay scene a /files/search request in the Node API. #32553 - When the FASP Session log source file list exceeds 500 bytes and contains multibyte UTF-8 characters, the output is truncated in a manner that creates an invalid UTF-8 sequence. #32517 - Retransfer requests are unencrypted when transfers are encrypted. This can cause transfer failures in some scenarios, such as a network device dropping the retransfer request because it detects a bit sequence it considers malicious. One Child? #32080 - An error message spams the log file used by asperanoded each time the console attempts to check the node for the status.
A second error can occur when the end user fills in a docroot but doesn't have a valid system user; this results in an error that also spams the log file used by breakfast essay scene asperanoded . #31791 - The user is unable to transfer files with the file extension .aspx . Workaround: Edit the resume_suffix setting in the aspera.conf file on the server, and satisfaction research papers then copy aspera.conf to each source user. #31712 - For both AWS and Softlayer Swift storage, /files returns modified_time for files but not for folders. #31423 - It is possible for an ascp transfer of a file on a full disk to be reported as successful by both the sender and the receiver. #30690 - ascp fails with an inaccurate message€” Error: failed to authenticate €”when a server is configured to only accept ciphers that are no longer supported. #30542 - /files PUT (file rename) should be fixed to involve only one PVCL operation but still return the proper 409 code when there is a destination conflict, and PVCL needs to club essay scene return proper error codes stating that the move operation failed because of a destination conflict. #30365 - In the Sync Job Detail page for pull operations, the size for pending files is reported as 0 Bytes. Printers? (Transfer sizes are reported correctly after the transfer completes.) #30324 - During an ascp upload to cloud storage, if a mid-file read failure occurs on the sending computer (which is very rare) it can cause the server-side ascp to crash and possibly fail to report transfer completion. This read failure can be caused when a source file is truncated during transfer, a drive or file system fails, or a transfer is cancelled with Ctrl+C or other means. #30082 - [Windows] When the breakfast essay scene upload of a source file to the remove server fails, no error message appears in language rubric, the UI. Breakfast Essay? #29848 - When write_allowed , read_allowed , and dir_allowed are all set to false in aspera.conf , Node API calls to URLs such as /files/browse are returning response code 500 Internal Server Error: instead of writing services texas another code that better indicates that access to the resource is denied. #29787 - When the docroot is not configured, the HTTP error code 500 ( Internal Server Error ) is returned. #29613 - On Windows, the folder timestamp is not preserved when top-level directories are transferred with the breakfast essay scene -p option. (The issue does not occur when folders are created on the day of transfer.) #29255 - Download from SoftLayer of a file larger than 62GB is unsuccessful. Workaround: Do not use time-stamp preservation with SoftLayer. #29187 - For content in cloud storage, the Node API does not display all the files in the docroot directory. Workaround: Use the /files/info request to browse the thesis docroot directory when content is in cloud-based storage. #29172 - When using --file-list or --file-pair-list with SoftLayer, some files may not be transferred. Note: This issue is due to a defect in Swift 1.12. Correcting it depends on its correction in Swift and the Swift upgrade on SoftLayer. #29138 - For files in essay scene, S3, the node daemon does not return the correct file modification time. #29078 - When an access key is created using the figurative language essay rubric standard node user authorization, the access key inherits that node user and its associated system user.
Afterwards, asnodeadmin can be used to associate a new system user to the node user, but the new system user is club, not updated for the access key. #29043 - Under serious WAN impairment, hotfolder push transfers with a prepost script intermittently report an assh error approximately 10-15 seconds after Transfer Statistics are reported to satisfaction papers the log. This delay in process shutdown can hold the handle to club the filelist such that subsequent ascp processes fail. Essay On Antigone? #29038 - The default checksum behavior with S3 (as with any cloud storage) is none. An existing file on S3 is considered identical to the local file when their sizes are equal. Club Essay? Therefore the file on printers, S3 is not overwritten, even when the club essay scene content of S3 differs from the content of the local file. Using overwrite=always does not overwrite the file. #28939 - If command line ascp neglects to specify a destination host, then the thesis failed transfer (error: no remote host specified) gets recorded in SQLite with client_node_id NULL , instead of club essay being populated with the uuid of the node. Essay Rubric? This causes an issue with Console. #28887 - When a file or directory is moved using the --exclude command, the old file or directory is not removed from the remote side. #28820 - The following operations attempted in a Limelight directory fail or are unacceptably slow: copy/paste file, rename file, delete folder. #28747 - Connect Server security: Encryption over HTTP is essay, not enforced, and must be set on the server by an administrator. #28683 - asp-check.sh docroot warning message: If global docroot is enabled, asp-check.sh reports the root user as insecure. #28679 - In some cases, the essay rubric fallback server does not respond. #28288 - When the FIPS mode in aspera.conf is set to true, ascp fails with the error message, ascp.exe: failed to authenticate, exiting., without prompting the essay user for a password. #27924 - Installing Connect Server on CentOS 7 on essay, Google Cloud requires that Perl and the Perl module Data::Dumper be installed first.
#27908 - When asperacentral has database errors, it continues to club essay allow new transfers. #27879 - always_set_home does not work if the user's home directory does not exist. #27823 - The user's Faspex Server goes down with an Transfer Server errors detected error message. An error, trying to satisfaction research read events from a parser that already reported an error before appears. Breakfast Essay? Workaround: move the central-store.db to resume dallas texas allow re-creation. Breakfast Club Essay Scene? #27311 - Sync: An apply-local-docroot pull copies the on antigone vs creon local docroot path into the same path. For example, /home/user1/sync is club scene, copied into /home/user1/sync . Resume Services Dallas? #27056 - There is no ascmd support for server-side symlink configuration. #27007 - Aspera clients on UNIX systems use the HTTP_PROXY and HTTPS_PROXY environment variables when configured to use a FASP proxy; it does not report this in the logs. These variables are not used in HTTP Fallback. #26618 - The ascmd process does not exit properly on newer versions of breakfast club SLES (SUSE Linux Enterprise Server). #26281 - At approximately 100 (or a similarly high number) of concurrent uploads to s3, intermittent transfer session failures occur. #26185 - During an upload to S3 storage, an error may result if ascp reports a successful file transfer before the transfer to S3 completes. Figurative Language Essay Rubric? #25915 - When the sync function is set to continuous, overwriting an existing file on the initiating node may result in the deletion of the previous version of the file on the responding node. Workaround: Perform the sync manually to breakfast essay recreate the deleted file. #25913 - Aspera Drive attempts to sync a file that is still uploading to Shares, resulting in a file error. #25865 - Allowing symbolic links to be copied also allows access to vs creon locations outside the docroot. Breakfast Club? #25832 - Hot Folders: When creating or modifying hot folders, some controls in the File Handling tab do not work correctly: The option for resuming incomplete files does not work, but is essay on antigone vs creon, still necessary to enable options for checking whether files at the source and files at the destination are the same. Breakfast Club Essay Scene? Selecting Compare File Attributes only checks whether the files are the same size.
Selecting Compare Sparse File Checksums actually compares full checksums. Satisfaction Research Papers? #25791 - Azure: Concurrent upload fails with the breakfast essay scene error Data transfer stalled, timed out . #25636 - To use a larger chunk size to printers transfer big files to AWS S3 storage, some users modify the club essay memory settings in thesis, the trapd initialization script, asperatrapd_init.sh . Breakfast? If you do so, be sure to preserve the one child policy paper script manually during upgrades to prevent it from being overwritten. #25631 - When transferring from Windows to Mac using preserve-acls=native and remote-preserve-acls=native , ACL data is saved as xattr . Workaround: Do not use the native setting when transferring or syncing across platforms. #25467 - async can now be used with a cloud storage. Breakfast Club Essay? #25127 - HTTP fallback temporary files (*.haspx) are not filtered out by the Node API. #25083 - When hot folder transfers fail due to thesis creator lack of permissions, the hot folders tab gives no indication that the failures are due to insufficient permissions. #25042 - In the server-side aspera.conf , the club scene none option for file checksum reporting is policy paper, no longer supported; only md5 and sha1 are supported. Club Scene? The any option means allow the checksum format to resume writing texas be whichever format the client requests. Club Essay? On the client side, the figurative language rubric none option is still available, as a command-line option. A setting of any on the client side results in an error with the club essay scene message ascp : unknown file checksum type any. #24918 - When shares are added to essay or removed from a user while the user is connected to essay Shares in the Enterprise Server desktop app, the remote file browser is not updated. The list of shares displayed in customer satisfaction papers, the remote file browser bar is not refreshed until you disconnect from Shares and reconnect to it. In the case where a share has been removed, the user will be unable to perform certain actions and it will not be clear that this occurring because the user is no longer authorized for the share. Scene? #24805 - For a synced directory, while all of the files and subdirectories under the source folder will have ACL preserved at destination, the ACL for the source folder itself will not be replicated to printers cambridge the remote destination folder. #24780 - Both --preserve-acls and --remote-preserve-acls need to be specified in order for the target side of the pull to apply the acls . #24549 - Drag-and-drop with the Linux version of the desktop client is not supported.
Attempting a drag-and-drop upload does nothing. Attempting a drag-and-drop download causes the mouse cursor to display a plus sign, suggesting incorrectly that the essay scene feature is available. Satisfaction Papers? #24390 - HTTP Fallback upload operations fails with the message Failed to create HTTP session on server!. #23954 - Sync: When the --preserve-acls or --preserve-xattrs option is used, async will not preserve the acl or xattr when either file acl or xattr is breakfast club essay, modified and (a) file content is unmodified or (b) file content is unmodified and the file is renamed. #23876 - On S3, when always overwrite is set, files are missing at the destination. #23583 - Certain option values for asperacentral job submission are case-sensitive. #23503 - Akamai: Uploads of zero-byte files appear to be successful, but no file is present at the destination. Essay Vs Creon? #23434 - Node API: Files that start with ._ are not returned by the Node API browse action. #23400 - async 1.5 permits the breakfast club scene root directory to be synced on Linux. #23246 - Warnings are not generated about files skipped due to source base setting. #23070 - If a transfer of research several files is interrupted, the retries generate a no such file error for club any already-transferred files. #23004 - Console does not draw a line between the involved nodes for an async transfer. This issue occurs when using two managed nodes with two interfaces on two different networks. One Child Research Paper? #22998 - If the overwrite setting in the server's aspera.conf is deny , a destination file with the same name as the breakfast club transfer file is still overwritten. Essay On Antigone Vs Creon? #22905 - On S3, when copying a file with ascp , if a slash is appended to the destination -- for example, /path/ -- the file is renamed path/ . Because of the trailing slash, it appears to be a directory, but is breakfast, actually a file. #22848 - On S3, uploading a file to thesis printers cambridge a non-existent destination path, and without the -d option, creates the destination path anyway. #22741 - When the --file-checksum feature is enabled, transferring ES 3.3.3 to ES 3.3.0, the breakfast file is corrupted at the destination with additional characters appended to the end. Figurative Rubric? #22633 - Sync does not support large xattr/ResourceForks . #22619 - In the Node API, file searches now follow symbolic links. #22618 - The behavior of the club Node API paths filter changed with Enterprise Server 3.4. Figurative? It now returns only the directory matching the filter, not the directory's content. #22044 - Sync: asyncadmin reports all sessions locked after the last actual running session. #21978 - ES is unable to view logs as superuser. #21629 - Connect Server aspera-dirlist.pl does not accurately reflect file permissions for user actions. #21604 - Extremely large socket buffer value causes overflow, resulting in an error when creating a UDP socket. #21014 - When creating a file with vi during a sync, the club swap file is in conflict. #20906 - async can't create a watch on an unreadable directory; therefore it does not get notified when permissions change. In addition, async treats an unreadable directory as skip rather than reporting an error or conflict. #20767 - Sync: -R log dir creation from Linux to Windows with spaces in the path will only policy paper get as far as the first space in the path. #20576 - Target Rate must be in the range 0 €“ 100 if TargetRateAsPercentage is yes; however, setting a target rate greater than 100 does not return an error. Club Essay? (Note that rate percentage is a deprecated feature.) #20002 - Inconsistent behavior regarding symbolic link following: /files/browse doesn't follow the links and research reports links and their target (final type and breakfast club essay scene next name), while /files/info reports symbolic links as files or directories. #19945 - asyncadmin creates SHM and WAL files for read-only operations. Satisfaction Research Papers? Once asyncadmin is run as the root, async run by the user does not have permission to access the essay existing SHM and vs creon WAL files and club thus async fails. This is due to a bug in SQLite. #18913 - Sync database logging: cancelled or stopped jobs are reported as completed in fasp_sessions.status . Thesis Printers? #18780 - An async push conflict occurs when a new file is renamed quickly. #18659 - Searching with very long pathnames (over 520 characters) results in an insufficient buffer space error. #18530 - FASP and Sync now accept and verify SSH remote-host keys. #18368 - Files with a backslash in the filename are not displayed in the list when the user browses the remote source on the new package page.
#17243 - An S3 download fails when a filename contains square brackets or a caret. #17231 - On Linux, an club scene, async pull does not restore access time on customer satisfaction papers, the source side. #16911 - Characters in the async session option that are not preceded by a - or -- are ignored, therefore failing to breakfast essay scene trigger an error message. Creator? Any session options specified (such as -l or - a ) after the string of breakfast essay characters not preceded by a - or -- are also ignored. The session will still run, using the default values, without notifying the thesis user that the new settings have not been applied. #16390 - Unicode filenames appear incorrectly in pre-processing and post-processing email notifications. #13761 - If filenames contain or new line, async will try to transfer but fail, causing the internal transfer queue to become full and club essay scene the synchronization to stall (or hang after all the one child research other files have completed). #13645 - When a directory is renamed during transfer, Sync continues running and never completes. #11550 - If preserve_attributes is set to breakfast essay none on the server side, when downloading a single file with the -p option, the policy paper file has an invalid atime value. #9126 - Sync logs events at a fast rate. The log destination must have room for large log files. #8620 - Enterprise Server for Linux fails to install if the dependency perl-CGI is not installed. Workaround: Install perL(CGI), then rerun the Enterprise Server installation. For example, to install perl(CGI) on Fedora, run yum install perl-CGI . #8538 - If a file fails to be renamed from .partial after it transfers, the transfer is still considered successful and club essay scene the session will continue (with additional files being renamed successfully). The receiver side logs an error message, but no error is logged on essay on antigone vs creon, the sender side.
Successful transfers that were not properly renamed from .partial should be manually renamed. #8534 - IPv6 requires ascp to have the scene -6 option, which is currently disabled on the server side if the user is configured for language essay aspshell. #8412 - Backslashes in filenames is not supported. #6448 - When your regional and language options are set to language standards and formats that do not use . to represent the breakfast essay scene decimal point, values are displayed inconsistently using both . and the native character to represent the decimal point. #6443 - If admin A creates a new hot folder and exits the desktop client, and then admin B exits, the new hot folder created by admin A created is lost. For on-line support resources for figurative essay Aspera products, including raising new support tickets, please visit the club essay scene Aspera Support Portal. Satisfaction Research Papers? Note that you may have an existing account if you contacted the club essay Aspera support team in the past. Before creating a new account, first try setting a password for the email that you use to interact with us. You may also call one of customer satisfaction papers our regional support centers.
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MANAGERS’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS PEOPLE Essay. The way in which managers approach the performance of their jobs and the behaviour they display towards subordinate staff is likely to be conditioned by predispositions about people, and human nature and work. Drawing on Maslow’s hierarchy of club needs model (which is discussed in Chapter 12), McGregor put forward two suppositions about human nature and behaviour at work. He argues that the style of management adopted is a function of the manager’s attitudes towards people and assumptions about human nature and behaviour. Thesis Creator. The two suppositions are called Theory X and Theory Y, and are based on polar assumptions about people and work. Theory X represents the carrot-and-stick assumptions on which traditional organisations are based, and was widely accepted and practised before the breakfast club development of the human relations approach.
Its assumptions are that: the average person is lazy and has an inherent dislike of work; most people must be coerced, controlled, directed and threatened with punishment if the organisation is to achieve its objectives; the average person avoids responsibility, prefers to be directed, lacks ambition and one child policy research values security most of all; and motivation occurs only at the physiological and breakfast scene security levels. The central principle of Theory X is direction and essay vs creon control through a centralised system of organisation and the exercise of authority. McGregor questions whether the Theory X approach to human nature is correct, and the relevance today of management practices which are based upon it. Breakfast Essay. Assumptions based on a Theory X approach, and the traditional use of rewards and sanctions exercised by the nature of the manager’s position and authority, are likely to result in an exploitative or authoritarian style of management. At the other extreme to Theory X is Theory Y which represents the assumptions consistent with current research knowledge. The central principle of Theory Y is the integration of individual and organisational goals. Its assumptions are: for most people work is as natural as play or rest; people will exercise self-direction and self-control in services texas the service of club objectives to which they are committed; commitment to objectives is a function of rewards associated with their achievement; given the right conditions, the average worker can learn to figurative rubric, accept and to seek responsibility; the capacity for creativity in solving organisational problems is distributed widely in club essay the population; the intellectual potential of the average person is only partially utilised; and motivation occurs at the affiliation, esteem and self-actualisation levels as well as the creator physiological and security levels. McGregor implies that a Theory Y approach is the best way to elicit co-operation from members of an organisation.
It is the task of management to create the conditions in which individuals may satisfy their motivational needs, and in which they achieve their own goals through meeting the goals of the organisation. McGregor develops an analysis of the implications of accepting Theory Y in regard to performance appraisal, administration of salaries and promotions, participation, staff–line relationships, leadership, management development and the managerial team. MANAGERIAL BEHAVIOUR AND EFFECTIVENESS. Although Theory X and Theory Y are based on polar extremes and are an oversimplification, they do represent identifiable philosophies which influence managerial behaviour and strategies. For example, as Lord Sieff comments: Now and again it is necessary to criticize people, but rather than tick them off, provided you can leave them in no doubt as to club, what the issue is, I am sure it pays to avoid being censorious but try instead to appeal to instant thesis, the innate capacity for self-criticism. Whatever you do, avoid making a mountain out of a molehill. Most people have the potential to scene, be self-motivating. Printers Cambridge. They can best achieve their personal goals through self-direction of their efforts towards meeting the goals of the essay organisation.
Broadening educational standards and changing social values mean that people today have wider expectations of the research quality of working life, including opportunities for consultation and participation in essay scene decisions which affect them. Managers should develop practices based more on an accurate understanding of human behaviour and motivation. Customer Research Papers. The Theory Y approach, however, is not a ‘soft’ option. In practice it is often difficult to achieve successfully. It can be frustrating and time-consuming, and mistakes will occur. Since 1952 I’ve been stumbling around buildings and running primitive Theory Y departments, divisions, and finally one whole Theory Y company: Avis. In 1962, after thirteen years, Avis had never made a profit (except one year when they jiggled their depreciation rates).
Three years later the company had grown internationally (not by acquisitions) from $30 million in sales to $75 million in sales, and had made successive annual profits of $1 million, $3 million, and $5 million. If I had anything to do with this, I ascribe it all to breakfast essay scene, my application of Theory Y. And a faltering, stumbling, groping, mistake-ridden application it was. The two views of Theory X and Theory Y tend to represent extremes of the natural inclination of managers towards a particular style of instant behaviour. In practice, however, the actual style of breakfast club essay scene management behaviour adopted will be influenced by the demands of the situation. Where the job offers a high degree of intrinsic satisfaction or involves a variety of tasks, an element of problem-solving and the exercise of initiative, or where output is difficult to measure in quantitative terms, an informal, participative approach would seem to be more effective. It is more likely to essay, lead to a higher level of staff morale. Club Essay. In many cases this would apply to work of a scientific, technical or professional nature. Where commitment to the goals of the organisation is creator, almost a prerequisite of membership, such as in certain voluntary or charity organisations, for example, then a Theory Y approach would clearly seem to be most appropriate. Use of a Theory.
However, even if a manager has a basic belief in Theory Y assumptions there may be occasions when it is club scene, necessary, or more appropriate, to adopt a Theory X approach. On Antigone Vs Creon. When the nature of the job itself offers little intrinsic reward or limited opportunities to satisfy higher-level needs, a more dictatorial style of management might work best. Some jobs are designed narrowly, with highly predictable tasks, and output measured precisely. This is the case, for example, with many complex production processes in manufacturing firms. With these types of jobs a Theory X approach may be needed if an adequate level of performance is to be maintained. MANAGERIAL BEHAVIOUR AND EFFECTIVENESS.
The cynic might describe efforts to turn Theory Y into practice as doing with difficulty what comes naturally to the Japanese. Breakfast Club Scene. There, excellent managers apply principles of behaviour which translate perfectly into western language – and which have long been echoed in the progressive areas of the west. Yet you still encounter the old ostrich attitudes that caused western companies so much damage in the past: for essay vs creon instance, the argument that to emulate Japan is impossible because of breakfast club scene its peculiar culture. But the famous national enthusiasm for good business and effective management isn’t simply a product of Japan’s culture. After all, sloppy western habits, like investing too little in productive capacity, new products, training, quality and marketing are hardly cultural – not unless bad business economics are built into on antigone vs creon, the western mentality. Robert Heller 12. THE MANAGERIAL/LEADERSHIP GRID® One means of describing and evaluating different styles of management is the Blake and breakfast club essay Mouton Managerial Grid® (see Figure 7.1). First published as the policy Managerial Grid in 1964, restated in 1978 and 198513 and republished in 1991. as the Leadership Grid,14 the Grid provides a basis for club essay comparison of managerial styles in instant terms of two principal dimensions: concern for production; concern for people.
Concern for production is the breakfast club scene amount of customer research emphasis which the manager places on accomplishing the tasks in hand, achieving a high level of production and getting results or profits. This is represented along the breakfast horizontal axis of the Grid. Concern for people is the amount of emphasis which the manager gives to subordinates and colleagues as individuals and to their needs and expectations. This is represented along the vertical axis of the policy research paper Grid. Five basic combinations. ‘Concern for’ is not how much concern, but indicates the character and strength of breakfast club essay assumptions which underlie the manager’s own basic attitudes and style of management. The significant point is ‘how’ the manager expresses concern about production or about creator, people. The four corners and the centre of the Grid provide five basic combinations of degree of concern for production coupled with degree of club concern for people (see Figure 7.1(a)). the impoverished manager (1,1 rating), low concern for production and low concern for people; the authority–compliance manager (9,1 rating), high concern for customer research production and low concern for people; the country club manager (1,9 rating), low concern for club essay scene production and instant creator high concern for people; the breakfast club essay middle-of-the-road manager (5,5 rating), moderate.
concern for production and moderate concern for people; and. the team manager (9,9 rating), high concern for production and high concern for people. Managers with a 1,1 rating tend to be remote from their subordinates and believe in the minimum movement from their present position. They do as little as they can with production or with people. Too much attention to production will cause difficulties with staff and one child policy research too much attention to the needs of staff will cause problems with production. Thoughtful attention to the.
needs of people for satisfying. relationships leads to a. comfortable, friendly organisation. Concern for people. Work accomplishment is. from committed people; interdependence through a. ‘common stake’ in organisation. purpose leads to relationships. of trust and respect. Adequate organisation performance is.
possible through balancing the necessity. to get work out while maintaining morale. of people at a satisfactory level. Exertion of minimum effort. to get required work done.
is appropriate to sustain. Efficiency in operations results. from arranging conditions of. work in such a way that. human elements interfere. to a minimum degree. In Opportunistic management, people adapt.
and shift to essay scene, any Grid style needed to gain the maximum. advantage. Vs Creon. Performance occurs according to a. system of selfish gain. Effort is essay, given only for an. advantage or personal gain. Reward and approval are bestowed.
to people in return for loyalty and. obedience; failure to comply leads. Figure 7.1 The Leadership Grid. (Source: Blake, R. R. and McCanse, A. A. (1991) Leadership Dilemmas – Grid Solutions, Gulf Publishing Co., Houston (1991), Grid Figure, p. Vs Creon. 29, Paternalism Figure, p. 30, Opportunism Figure, p. 31. Reproduced by permission of Grid International, Inc.)
MANAGERIAL BEHAVIOUR AND EFFECTIVENESS. Managers with a 9,1 rating are autocratic. They tend to rely on a centralised system and the use of authority. Staff are regarded as a means of production and motivation is based on competition between people in order to club scene, get work done. Research Papers. If staff challenge an instruction or standard procedure they are likely to be viewed as unco-operative. Club. The 1,9 rating managers believe that a contented staff will undertake what is required of them and achieve a reasonable level of output. Production is secondary to the avoidance of conflict and maintenance of harmony among the staff.
Managers will seek to resume dallas, find compromises between staff and solutions acceptable to everyone. Breakfast Club Essay Scene. Although innovation may be encouraged, they tend to reject good ideas if likely to cause difficulties among the staff. The 5,5 rating is the middle-of-the-road management with the approach of ‘live and resume texas let live’ and a tendency to essay, avoid the real issues. This style of management is the ‘dampened pendulum’ with managers swinging between concern for production and concern for people. Under pressure, this style of management tends to become task management (9,1). Policy Research. Where this strains relations and causes resentment from staff, however, pressure is eased and managers adopt a compromise approach. If there is breakfast essay, a swing too much the other way (towards 1,9) managers are likely to take a tighter and more hardened approach. Managers with a 9,9 rating believe in the integrating of the task needs and concern for one child paper people. They believe in creating a situation whereby people can satisfy their own needs by commitment to the objectives of the organisation.
Managers will discuss problems with the staff, seek their ideas and give them freedom of action. Difficulties in working relationships will be handled by confronting staff directly and attempting to work out solutions with them. These five styles of essay scene management represent the extremes of the Grid. With a nine-point scale on each axis there is a total of 81 different ‘mixtures’ of concern for production and on antigone concern for people. Club Scene. Most people would come up with a score somewhere in an intermediary position on the Grid. 1991 edition of the Grid also covers two additional styles: opportunism and 9+9 paternalism/maternalism, which take account of the reaction of subordinates.
In opportunistic management, organisational performance occurs according to figurative essay, a system of exchanges, whereby effort is given only for an equivalent measure of the same. People adapt to the situation to gain maximum advantage of it. (See Figure 7.1(b).) In 9+9 paternalistic/maternalistic management, reward and approval are granted to people in return for scene loyalty and obedience; and punishment is instant creator, threatened for failure to breakfast club essay scene, comply (see Figure 7.1(c)). A summary of the seven basic combinations of the Grid is essay on antigone, given in Table 7.1. FRAMEWORK FOR PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOUR. The Managerial Grid provides a framework in which managers can identify, study and breakfast scene review their patterns of behaviour. Essay. Instead of viewing management styles as a dichotomy of ‘either/or’, Blake and club scene Mouton claim that the Managerial Grid illustrates that the manager can gain the benefits of maximising, simultaneously, methods which are both production-oriented and people-oriented. The 9,9 position, although an ideal, is worth working for. Based on their experience of using the original Grid, Blake and thesis Mouton give three reasons why it is important to consider which style of management is used to achieve production through people.
THE ROLE OF THE MANAGER. In order to breakfast, get people to accept solutions, the manager needs continually to co-ordinate and balance in order to compromise conflicting values. The leader creates excitement in work and thesis develops choices that give substance to images that excite people. In their relationships with other people, managers maintain a low level of breakfast club essay emotional involvement. On Antigone. Leaders have empathy with other people and give attention to what events and actions mean. Managers see themselves more as conservators and regulators of the breakfast club scene existing order of affairs with which they identify, and from which they gain rewards. Leaders work in, but do not belong to, the organisation. Their sense of identity does not depend upon membership or work roles and they search out opportunities for change. The differences between leadership and management have been applied by customer, Watson to the 7-S organisational framework of: strategy, structure, systems, style, staff, skills and superordinate (or shared) goals.
Watson suggests that whereas managers tend towards reliance on: leaders have an inherent inclination for utilisation of the ‘soft’ Ss of club essay scene : Watson also suggests, although cautiously, that 7-S management could be seen as the province of one child paper leaders. Managers will not ordinarily be capable of essay achieving sufficient mastery of all seven factors to attain a consistently high level of organisational performance. Distinction between management and leadership. Based on experience of management approaches in both commerce and the military, Hollingsworth questions how many managers consider themselves first and foremost as leaders, relegating ‘manager’ to their job title. He argues that commercial managers need to writing dallas texas, learn from the armed forces if they wish to be viewed as leaders. Breakfast Scene. Having accepted that there are some links between management and leadership, Hollingsworth lists six ‘fundamental differences’. A manager administers – a leader innovates. A manager maintains – a leader develops. A manager focuses on satisfaction research papers, systems and structure – a leader focuses on people. A manager relies on control – a leader inspires trust. A manager keeps an eye on breakfast club essay scene, the bottom line – a leader has an eye on the horizon.
A manager does things right – a leader does the right thing. Not everyone would agree with this list. Robinson, for example, suggests that if the word ‘manager’ is replaced by ‘administrator’ then the lists works. Thesis Printers Cambridge. However, whatever your view the list makes for a helpful basis for critical discussion on the nature of management and leadership.25 In Chapter 6 we discussed management as getting work done through the efforts of other people. To be an effective manager it is necessary to club, exercise the role of leadership.
A common view is that the job of the manager requires the ability of essay vs creon leadership. CHAPTER 8 THE NATURE OF LEADERSHIP. THE QUALITIES OR TRAITS APPROACH. The first approach assumes that leaders are born and not made. Leadership consists of breakfast essay scene certain inherited characteristics, or personality traits, which distinguish leaders from their followers: the so-called Great Person theory of leadership. The qualities approach focuses attention on thesis, the man or woman in the job and not on breakfast club essay, the job itself. On Antigone. It suggests that attention is given to the selection of breakfast club leaders rather than to essay, training for breakfast essay scene leadership.
For example, Drucker (writing originally in 1955) makes the point that: Leadership is creator, of utmost importance. Indeed there is no substitute for it. Breakfast Club Essay Scene. But leadership cannot be created or promoted. It cannot be taught or learned. There have been many research studies into the common traits of leadership. However, attempts at identifying common personality, or physical and mental, characteristics of different ‘good’ or ‘successful’ leaders have met with little success.Investigations have identified lists of traits which tend to be overlapping, contradictory or with little correlation for most features. It is noticeable that ‘individuality’ or ‘originality’ usually features in the list of traits. This itself suggests that there is little in common between specific personality traits of different leaders. It is perhaps possible therefore to identify general characteristics of leadership ability, such as self-confidence, initiative, intelligence and belief in one’s actions, but research into this area has revealed little more than this. In a series of interviews with headhunters, and senior figures in industry and figurative essay the city, Management Today came up with a list of Britain’s most powerful women in business.
A conclusion from the list is that the ‘top 50 women do not fit any pattern. They wield the kind of power and influence that defies stereotypes.’ There are two further limitations with this approach. First, there is bound to be some subjective judgement in determining who is regarded as a ‘good’ or ‘successful’ leader. Second, the lists of possible traits tend to be very long and there is club scene, not always agreement on the most important. Even if it were possible to identify an agreed list of more specific qualities, this would provide little explanation of the nature of leadership. Language. It would do little to help in the development and training of future leaders. Although there is essay scene, still some interest in the qualities, or traits, approach, attention has been directed more to other approaches to one child policy, leadership. The qualities or traits approach gives rise to the questions: whether leaders are born or made; and whether leadership is an art or a science. The important point, however, is that these are not mutually exclusive alternatives.
Even if there are certain inborn qualities which make for essay a good leader, these natural talents need encouragement and development. Even if leadership is something of an art, it still requires the application of special skills and techniques. THE FUNCTIONAL (OR GROUP) APPROACH. This approach to leadership focuses attention not on the personality of the leader, nor on the man or woman in the job, per se, but on the functions of leadership. Leadership is always present in any group engaged in a task. The functional approach views leadership in terms of how the leader’s behaviour affects, and is affected by, the group of followers. This approach concentrates on the nature of the group, the followers or subordinates. It. focuses on the content of leadership. WORK MOTIVATION AND REWARDS.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model. Once a lower need has been satisfied, it no longer acts as a strong motivator. The needs of the next higher level in the hierarchy demand satisfaction and become the motivating influence. Only unsatisfied needs motivate a person. Thus Maslow asserts that ‘a satisfied need is no longer a motivator’. Although Maslow suggests that most people have these basic needs in about the order indicated, he also makes it clear that the hierarchy is not necessarily a fixed order.
There will be a number of exceptions to the order indicated. For some people there will be a reversal of the hierarchy, for example: Self-esteem may seem to be more important than love to some people. Cambridge. This is the most common reversal of the hierarchy. Club Essay. It is often based on the belief that the person most loved is strong, confident or inspires respect.
People seeking love try to put on a show of aggressive, confident behaviour. They are not really seeking selfesteem as an end in itself but for resume services the sake of love needs. For some innately creative people the drive for creativity and self-actualisation may arise despite lack of satisfaction of breakfast more basic needs. Higher-level needs may be lost in some people who will continue to be satisfied at lower levels only: for printers example, a person who has experienced chronic unemployment. Some people who have been deprived of love in breakfast early childhood may experience the permanent loss of love needs. A need which has continued to be satisfied over a long period of time may be undervalued.
For example, people who have never suffered from resume writing services texas chronic hunger may tend to underestimate its effects, and regard food as rather an unimportant thing. Essay Scene. Where people are dominated by a higher-level need this may assume greater importance than more basic needs. People with high ideals or values may become martyrs and give up everything else for the sake of their beliefs. Maslow claims that the resume services texas hierarchy is relatively universal among different cultures, but he recognises that there are differences in an individual’s motivational content in a particular culture. Degrees of satisfaction. Maslow points out that a false impression may be given that a need must be satisfied fully before a subsequent need arises. Essay Scene. He suggests that a more realistic description is in terms of decreasing percentages of satisfaction along levels of the hierarchy. For example, arbitrary figures for creator the average person may be: satisfied 85 per cent in physiological needs; 70 per cent in breakfast essay scene safety needs; 50 per cent in love needs; 40 per cent in esteem needs; and 10 per cent in customer papers self-actualisation needs. There is a gradual emergence of a higher-level need as lower-level needs become more satisfied. The relative importance of these needs changes during the club essay psychological development of the individual.
Maslow subsequently modified his views by noting that satisfaction of self-actualisation needs by growth-motivated individuals can actually enhance these needs rather than reduce them. Furthermore, he accepted that some higher-level needs may still emerge after long deprivation of lowerlevel needs, rather than only after their satisfaction. Evaluation of Maslow’s theory. Based on Maslow’s theory, once lower-level needs have been satisfied (say at the physiological and safety levels) giving more of the same does not provide motivation. Individuals advance up the hierarchy as each lower-level need becomes satisfied. Therefore, to customer satisfaction research, provide motivation for a change in behaviour, the manager must direct attention to club essay, the next higher level of needs (in this case, love or social needs) that seek satisfaction. However, there are a number of one child paper problems in relating Maslow’s theory to the work situation. These include the following: A useful basis for evaluation.
People do not necessarily satisfy their needs, especially higher-level needs, just through the breakfast club essay work situation. They satisfy them through other areas of their life as well. Therefore the manager would need to have a complete understanding of one child paper people’s private and social life, not just their behaviour at work. There is doubt about the time which elapses between the satisfaction of a lower-level need and the emergence of a higher-level need. Individual differences mean that people place different values on the same need. For example, some people prefer what they might see as the comparative safety of working in a bureaucratic organisation to a more highly paid and higher status position, but with less job security, in a different organisation. Some rewards or outcomes at work satisfy more than one need. Breakfast Club. Higher salary or promotion, for example, can be applied to instant thesis, all levels of the hierarchy. Club Essay Scene. Even for customer satisfaction research papers people within the same level of the hierarchy, the motivating factors will not be the same. There are many different ways in club essay scene which people may seek satisfaction of, for resume dallas example, their esteem needs.
Maslow viewed satisfaction as the main motivational outcome of breakfast club scene behaviour. But job satisfaction does not necessarily lead to improved work performance. Although Maslow did not originally intend that the need hierarchy should necessarily be applied to one child policy, the work situation, it still remains popular as a theory of motivation at work. Despite criticisms and doubts about its limitations, the theory has had a significant impact on management approaches to motivation and the design of organisations to breakfast scene, meet individual needs. It is a convenient framework for viewing the research different needs and breakfast expectations that people have, where they are in the hierarchy, and the different motivators that might be applied to people at resume different levels. The work of Maslow has drawn attention to a number of different motivators and stimulated study and research. Essay. The need hierarchy model provides a useful base for the evaluation of motivation at work. Resume Writing Dallas Texas. For example, Steers and Porter suggest a list of general rewards and organisational factors used to satisfy different needs (see Table 12.1).29. WORK MOTIVATION AND REWARDS. Applying Maslow’s need hierarchy.
Food, water, sex, sleep. b. Pleasant working conditions. a. Safe working conditions. b. Company benefits. a. Cohesive work group. b. Friendly supervision. c. Professional associations. a. Social recognition. c. Breakfast Club Essay. High status job. d. Thesis. Feedback from the job itself.
a. Breakfast. Challenging job. b. Opportunities for creativity. c. Policy Research. Achievement in breakfast club essay work. d. Advancement in policy research paper the organisation. Saunders contends that despite the time that has elapsed, Maslow’s theory remains watertight. When prehistoric man first took shelter in a cave and lit a fire, he was satisfying his lowest – physiological and safety needs.
When a Buddhist achieves a state of nirvana, she is breakfast essay, satisfying the fifth and highest – self-actualisation …The cave these days might be a three-bedroom semi with garden and essay on antigone off-street parking, but the fact remains that once we’ve got enough to feed, clothe and house our families money is a low-level motivator for most people. The dash for cash is soon replaced by the desire for recognition, status and ultimately (although Maslow reckoned that a lot of us never get this far) the need to express yourself through your work. Revisiting and developing Maslow’s hierarchy, Stum looked at the dynamic between an individual and the organisation, and club essay scene proposes a new employee/employer social contract that enables organisations to improve employee commitment and retention. The five levels of workforce needs hierarchy are shown in a ‘Performance Pyramid’. Safety/security – the need to feel physically and psychologically safe in the work environment for commitment to essay, be possible; Rewards – the breakfast scene need for extrinsic rewards in compensation and benefits; Affiliation – the intrinsic need for a sense of belonging to the work team or organisation;
Growth – addressing the need for positive individual and organisational change to instant, drive commitment; Work/life harmony – the drive to achieve a sense of fulfilment in balancing work and life responsibilities. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 26 February 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on MANAGERS’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS PEOPLE. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample.
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Maria Montessori was the one to first recognize this need of the child and went further to research on it. Breakfast Club! “As a rule, however, we do not respect children. We try to force them to follow us without regard to figurative rubric, their special needs. Breakfast Essay! We are overbearing with them, and vs creon, above all, rude; and breakfast club, then we expect them to be submissive. American novels , Ecology , Environment 1652 Words | 4 Pages. Persuasive Speech Specific Purpose: To persuade my class to help the homeless in the Denver metro area by essay vs creon contributing efforts.
Central . Breakfast Scene! Idea: Helping an organization like Colfax Community Network can help the less fortunate and Introduction Attention I. Essay Vs Creon! Someone once asked Mother Teresa how could they make a difference as she had to Calcutta, India. A. Breakfast Scene! She simply said, “Find your own Calcutta.” 1. This meant to make a difference; a person shouldn’t try. Begging , Homelessness , Poverty 842 Words | 3 Pages. Resume Writing Services Dallas Texas! these traumas US and ARVN troops began using local South Vietnamese villagers as guides through the jungle pointing out booby traps or disarming them by . triggering them themselves. Breakfast Club Essay! Point 2 As more and more South Vietnamese villagers were forced to customer satisfaction, help find the booby traps with the US troops, other villagers began to resent the US troops for causing the deaths of club essay their friends and families. This was an effective consequence because it enabled the dallas texas Vietcong to hide in their homes and gather supplies. Army of the breakfast club essay scene Republic of instant thesis Vietnam , Booby trap , Causality 1431 Words | 4 Pages. Breakfast Club Essay Scene! they to be your friend? In my opinion, “Friend” is really important for thesis cambridge, me . I can live without computer and TV but I can’t live . without ”friend” the person who is sharing my mood with me whenever I’m happy or sad and I found “her” my really best friend who has nice appearance , good personality and I’m very happy that I can be friend with her. My best friend is Glydelle N. Amon. She has curly hair, almost as tall as me and not talk too much with the person that she isn’t known very well. Scene! When.
Carbon dioxide , Feeling , Friendship 1294 Words | 4 Pages. of slavery, but there is many people saying that he cannot do it and that he cannot have peace between the two sides and have abolished slavery, but . throughout the trailer we see that he gets more and more people to come and join him and they try to help him achieve his goal. Also that from the cambridge trailer you get a sense that he is a very powerful and determined man because he over breakfast powers overs men’s voices and he makes greats sacrifices for what he does and essay, does not give in easily. Club Essay! At the writing start of the. Abolitionism , Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War 1926 Words | 5 Pages. Relation in Organization How helped me the breakfast club Human Relation Class The Human Relations class has helped me in my life because . it is an important tool for personal and research, professional development of human beings. Breakfast Essay! I personally helped me to improve interpersonal relations, as these play a key role in developing the essay vs creon whole person. Through relationships, I as an individual I've reached an important social reinforcement of the immediate surroundings that have helped me to my adaptation. Club Essay! But the research contrary. Developmental psychology , Human , Interpersonal relationship 919 Words | 3 Pages. ? Citation: “What makes you think colored people need your help ? Why you even care about this?
You white.” (Page 191) Definitions: Colored: . Belonging wholly or in part to a race other than the white, especially to the black race; influenced or biased; specious; deceptive. Help : To save; rescue; to make easier or less difficult; to give or provide what is necessary to accomplish a task or satisfy a need. Care: Serious attention; a cause or object of concern; grief; a state of mind in which one. African American , Black people , Colored 1108 Words | 4 Pages. Movie Paper: The Help Victoria Harris December 2, 2012 I decided to watch the movie titled The Help . Sitting down to watch . the over two hour movie I hoped that it would be as good as everyone made it seem. Breakfast Essay Scene! Shortly after the first fifteen minutes into writing services dallas the movie you could tell that it was going to be a really great and club, interesting movie. The Help was actually a novel first based on a book written about African American maids around the time of the civil rights movements around the fifties and. Black people , COINTELPRO , Minority rights 1380 Words | 4 Pages. Zainab Sabbah Sabbah 1 English 3U1 12/ 03/2012 “The Help ” Essay Literature is where we go to explore the highest and lowest places . in human society and in the human spirit, where we go hope to find not absolute truth but the truth of the tale, or the imagination and vs creon, of the heart. The book The Help written by breakfast essay scene Kathryn Stockett connects to the topic because the book looks at the most important things in literature like book, articles, laws and bills that make up the time the characters. Kathryn Stockett , The Help , Truth 1515 Words | 4 Pages. Figurative Language Essay! this is happening or why did this happen to essay, me ? How about looking back at past events and wondering how your life would be if that didn’t . happen?
I do it all the policy research paper time, when I look back and club essay, see why and where I am today thanks to printers cambridge, everything that happened in the past. This belief is very helpful to me because it helps me look at the bright side of thing and it creates a positive attitude for me . I have had many experiences with my belief which has lead me to believe that there is a reason behind it. 2004 singles , 2007 singles , English-language films 1043 Words | 3 Pages. Riley Petty The Help Essay “All these houses they’re building without maid’s quarters? It’s just plain dangerous. Breakfast Club Essay Scene! Everybody knows they . carry different kinds of diseases than we do.” This is the world that Eugenia “Skeeter” Phelan lives in throughout the book The Help . For Jackson, Mississippi in the early 1960’s, racism is as routine as the instant creator Wednesday afternoon Bridge games. However, things are about to change when Skeeter digs deep and uncovers shameful secrets and hidden stories that make this. African American , Black people , Kathryn Stockett 844 Words | 3 Pages. 1.10 Reading Response The Help (Novel) – Kathryn Stockett In the novel The Help , the author Kathryn Stockett examines the . idea of one’s pursuit of happiness, and what makes one truly happy.
Stockett depicts this idea through three separate aspects in club scene, the novel. Firstly, she shows the huge prospects of happiness through the relationship between Skeeter, Minny and Aibileen. Services Dallas! Additionally, Stockett portrays the breakfast club scene pursuit of happiness of Miss Celia, and thus uncovers what qualities create true happiness. Happiness , Interpersonal relationship , Kathryn Stockett 1065 Words | 3 Pages. protection more then I see them being carried for hunting. Gun Control is a topic you can hear at many restaurant tables or amongst people standing in a . Essay Vs Creon! store. Do people really understand what they are talking about? Will stronger gun control laws help those that carry them legally? These are questions I ask when I am part of a gun control discussion. Increased gun control laws were brought to the forefront of the media and essay, the government after the horrible Columbine Shooting on April 20th, 1999. Columbine High School massacre , Crime , Firearm 904 Words | 3 Pages. On Antigone Vs Creon! By Barry Randall When Stamps.com /quotes/zigman/92950/quotes/nls/stmp STMP +3.68% announced earnings on Oct.
25, the company didn't just deliver a great . performance. Breakfast Club! It delivered a rebuke to a lot of people who think the on antigone company is club essay scene a left-over dot- com dinosaur. Some of these detractors are short-sellers who have sold short nearly 6% of Stamps.com's outstanding shares. But like another of our holdings in the Crabtree Technology portfolio on Covestor, Shutterfly /quotes/zigman/101900/quotes/nls/sfly. Bulk mail , Envelope , First-mover advantage 884 Words | 3 Pages. and live her life. 5) “To Hester Prynne it might have been a mode of expressing, and instant, therefore soothing, the passion of her life” (77). Breakfast Club Essay! This quote . caught my attention because it makes me feel somewhat sorry for Hester. She is using sewing to try and calm herself during her punishment.
It reminds me of essay rubric having an “outlet” in life. Essay Scene! Something that you can do and while doing it you forget about everything wrong in your life. 6) “Could they be other than the insidious whispers of the bad. Creator! Anne Hutchinson , Hester Prynne , Nathaniel Hawthorne 1125 Words | 3 Pages. Breakfast Club Scene! Things such as settings, events, character traits, and language all need to be realistic. This entails a huge amount of research done by on antigone the author to . support his/her novel and create a reliable, engaging read. Club Scene! Kathryn Stockett, the author of The Help , intertwines both fact and fiction accurately depicting life in the south and the hardships that African Americans faced back in the 1960’s.
One of the most important aspects when writing a historical fiction novel is the setting. If this is accurate. African American , Jim Crow laws , Ku Klux Klan 1869 Words | 5 Pages. contemporary, have a look at the essays by journalist Anna Quindlen (Homeless), comedian Steve Martin (The Death of My Father), and novelist Stephen King . One Child Policy Paper! (The Writing Life). Breakfast Club! Several essays first appeared in print within the thesis printers past few decades. To help you locate essays that match your own tastes, the contents of the Essay Samplers have been organized here by author (below), title, and breakfast club scene, theme. CONTENTS BY AUTHOR AND TITLE Mortimer Adler ”How to Mark a Book” (1940) Part 5 #4 Mary Austin The. 2007 , A Modest Proposal , George Orwell 532 Words | 5 Pages. On Antigone! five signs) and Bipolar Disorder (include the term mania). Which one is more common? 33. What was Peter Lewinsohn’s theory?
34. Breakfast! Write out essay vs creon, each bolded . Essay! sentence under “Understanding Mood Disorders” and give a brief explanation of each as needed to policy, help you understand the bolded sentence. 35. Under the Biological Perspective: How has genetics influenced the development of breakfast mood disorders? 36.
Under the Biological Perspective: How has the depressed brain influenced the development of mood disorders. Abnormal psychology , Borderline personality disorder , Cognitive behavioral therapy 891 Words | 4 Pages. ?Jennifer Alemoh Professor Cheryle Gittens- Bailey ENG 101 20 November 2013 Minimum wage and families Minimum wage job place workers in a striving . On Antigone Vs Creon! circumstance where they have to seek for additional financial help in order to live a moderate live in breakfast club scene, America. Most families that are struggling with paying their rents or providing for their families are either on one child policy research, minimum wages or unemployed. This shows lack of security for those families or individuals that has expenses that must be covered. Employment , Employment compensation , Living wage 1105 Words | 3 Pages. Spaeth Mrs. Mueller Domestic Social Issues 8 October 2012 The Help Helping Society Every person goes through some form of discrimination . in their lifetime. It may be because of their age or it might be because of their race. In modern society, a lot of people go through discrimination because of these factors, but the discrimination that they go through is nothing like the black people in director Tate Taylor’s movie The Help go through.
The main characters of the essay scene film are black maids in Jackson. Customer Research Papers! Affirmative action , Black people , Miscegenation 1051 Words | 3 Pages. The Help , which was originally written in essay, 2009 by Kathryn Stockett and then released as a film in 2011 is an extraordinary example of courage, . dignity, and vs creon, self respect. In a time during racial injustice, segregation and club scene, oppression; three courageous characters break an ancestor cycle providing a new outlook of research respect and dignity. I selected this film to breakfast essay scene, review because I felt it truly displayed character, dignity, and self respect. This movie displayed the hardships of racial issues and the courageous. Aristotle , Ethics , Happiness 853 Words | 3 Pages. 123 Textiles Jakob Parker IT/240 6/10/2013 John Helt 123 Textiles Corporation has been a . respected company around the neighborhood for years, and through all the earthquakes that have happened they always stood around. I have been asked to devise a plan to help this corporation out, not only is the natural disaster level high, but it is in a high crime area and the server was taken right out of one of the windows. While this is essay rubric a huge concern as far as the hardware. Breakfast Club Scene! Backup , Cryptography , Encrypting File System 1336 Words | 4 Pages.
Oh God Help Me The poem For Deliverance from papers, a Fever is a beautiful poem by Anne Bradstreet. The use of rhyme and rhythm . throughout this poem depicts to me that Anne had an exceptional understanding of poetry and how to write poetry. Anne uses a great array of words to make the breakfast scene poem more appealing to not only the reader but also herself. This finely written poem portrays to me that Anne was a very spiritual women but maybe had doubts about everything going on around her. The course of this. Chosen people , Christian terms , Ecclesiology 1144 Words | 3 Pages. Language Essay! experiment because of the fact she tries so many different things and doesn’t tend to stick with them. She struggles with finding her identity and pursuing . Club! her dreams. “Well-I do-alright?-thanks everybody! And forgive me for ever wanting to be anything at all.
FORGIVE ME , FORGIVE ME , FORGIVE ME !” (37). Her family can’t seem to understand why she keeps trying new things when they feel as though she’ll just give up and start another new things again shortly. They can’t understand her because they don’t know. Resume Writing Texas! A Raisin in the Sun , Dream , English-language films 1532 Words | 4 Pages. maid and club essay, she has to figurative essay, look after Mae Mobley as that’s part of her job. She loves and cares for her no matter what. Aibileen and Mae Mobley have very special . Breakfast Essay! moments together like when Aibileen was in writing dallas, the bathroom with Mae Mobley, and Aibileen tries to help Mae Mobley go on breakfast club, the toilet.
This changed the movie, because it showed how much she cares for Mae Mobley and how if Aibileen wasn’t around, Mae Mobley would have been a lot worse off. Aibileen knows Mae Mobley better than her own mother; she knows. Vs Creon! Childbirth , Coloured , Elizabeth I of England 1120 Words | 3 Pages. THE ACT OF ASSISTANCE The Help is breakfast scene a novel written by Kathryn Stockett about on antigone African American maids working in white households in Jackson, . Mississippi during the breakfast essay early 1960s. A short sentence on the cover reveals the meaning behind the printers cambridge story, which is “Change begins with a whisper.” That is the main external conflict of the story. People are sick of how they, and scene, people that they know are being treated because of the language rubric color of essay scene their skin. Policy Research Paper! So they need to find a way to transform people’s way of. African American , Domestic worker , Great house 1109 Words | 3 Pages. Club! “The Help ” (Good Copy) Would you want to live in the 1960’s, have a black skin colour and be considered an “animal” or a “slave”.
That’s . exactly what happened to the dark coloured citizens of that time, who worked for the white people as slaves or maids. During the 1960’s time there was a small rebellion in Jackson Mississippi influenced by a book called the “The Help ”, which was life changing for figurative language rubric, black citizens. Skeeter the protagonist of this story gave three big impacts to the black community. Black people , Pardo , Race 1221 Words | 3 Pages. Various Breathing Patterns Data: ?No chart necessary here, but you will need to club scene, use the data you get from paper, running the club experiments to answer the questions . below Questions: ?answer each question; use full sentences; ask instructor if you need help 5-1: What happens to services dallas texas, PCO2 during rapid breathing? Explain your answer. 5-2: What happens to PCO2 during the entire time of the rebreathing activity?
5-3: Did the depth of the breakfast scene breathing pattern change during rebreathing? (Carefully examine. Asthma , Lung , Mucus 716 Words | 4 Pages. employees can sometimes service a customer more personably knowing that other employees can help the customer research next person in line (hopefully I explained . Club! good enough to instant, make since??) Example: If you are waiting at the post office or airport (like the breakfast scene book describes), then a clerk will have more time to personalize a customer’s request and will not hold up the line completely because the on antigone next clerk over can help the next person in the “snake” line when they get done servicing their customer. Club! Disadvantage-. Bus , Bus stop , Disadvantage 813 Words | 3 Pages. Khayla Salangsang February 20, 2013 ENG 123 MW 11AM Identity in “Yellow Woman” by creator Leslie Marmon Silko “Yellow Woman” by Leslie Marmon . Silko is breakfast a story about a woman who goes on a journey with a man. On this journey, the narrator, who is assumed to language rubric, be the woman, is plagued by questions of who she is and if the stories of her culture about essay scene what she may be becoming are true. She struggles to find herself and what she wants because she wants to be herself but at the same time, see if she is policy paper becoming.
Leslie Marmon Silko , Woman 1479 Words | 4 Pages. forgiven by breakfast club Fukuji once he returned the sword back to him. As the reader, I must say that it has been a pleasant occurring of figurative essay understanding such a deep . and better than good novel of breakfast scene a boy who came about to being a man in the end. It really touched me that I have a lot in common with the novel. My connections happen through my childhood as a kid when I really didn’t like my name as well as Muna did and after I stole something that wasn’t mine I ended up getting caught by my mom so I definitely learned. Bladesmith , Character , Fiction 681 Words | 2 Pages. Stand by Me (Movie Review for services, Small Group Com) A Summer To Remember The movie Stand By Me is based upon a novel by Steven King. It doesn't have the same eerie feel as some of his other . books and is generally a more serious movie. It takes place in the small town of Castle Rock, Oregon. It is the middle of the club essay scene summer in approximately the early 1960's. The kids are bored and that is the setup for their adventure to go find a dead body in the woods. The main role of Gordie LaChance is played by Wil Wheaton.
He is having trouble in his. Corey Feldman , Jerry O'Connell , Leadership 1608 Words | 4 Pages. consideration the reality of the situation. Figurative! Superego – “ conscience” * “The superego is like a relentless conscience that distinguishes right . from wrong in breakfast club essay, no uncertain terms. Its prime objective is to satisfaction research papers, keep the breakfast essay id in check.” * It helps us fit into society by instant getting us to act in socially acceptable ways. COMPONENTS OF PERSONALITY HABITS * Routine behaviors done on a regular basis. They are recurrent and scene, often unconscious patterns of behavior and are acquired through. Id, ego, and super-ego , Mind , Motivation 516 Words | 5 Pages. Help Me Learn Thru Edutainment and Multiple Intelligences. Help Me Learn Thru Edutainment and essay on antigone vs creon, Multiple Intelligences Edutainment (also known as educational entertainment or . entertainment-education) is an art form that uses entertainment for educational purposes.
Some sources attribute the phrase “edutaining” to Peter Catalanotto who coined the essay phrase as he traveled the one child paper United States teaching schoolchildren about writing and club essay, illustration in satisfaction research, a memorable fashion by offering the information using an scene, entertaining platform instead of the original text. Education , Educational psychology , Emotional intelligence 1328 Words | 5 Pages. himself civilized and look upon as a upstanding man for his work in the field when he really is vs creon oblivious to the fact that he has lost all control of his . real self. But there are signs of life in breakfast club, him and papers, really it makes him shine as a good character to me despite his unethical demeanor. Kurtz has a woman back home whom has not left his mind he still hold her picture dear to breakfast club essay, him, and she still lives and breathes him all through the story end. Another thing that completely stands out is the horror. The. Heart of Darkness , James Earl Jones , Knowledge 1021 Words | 3 Pages. How My Optimism Will Help Me Press On To Greater Achievements Of The Future. How My Optimism Will Help Me Press on to Greater Achievements of the Future By Anish Mantri I come from a family of optimists. My . parents are first generation immigrants to the USA and one value they highly regard is satisfaction “optimism”.
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Guest House, Bholav, Bharuch – 392 002, Gujarat, India. Abstract— Retail is more and breakfast essay, more moving toward online Shopping. I really doubt whether in even next 10 years we are likely to face disappearance of a supermarkets. To make both customers super markets life. Barcode , Barcode reader , Electronics 804 Words | 4 Pages. Research! Millennials: The Me Me Me Generation by club essay scene Joel Stein The term Millennials (also . known as generation Y) generally refers to the generation born in the years between 1980 and 2000. As a member of this generation, it’s interesting to read about the thoughts that professionals have about us.
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She has probably no idea what I’m doing here, or what she’s doing here; or what was written on the paper I held in my sweaty hands. I motioned for her to sit down beside me , and she did. She gaped at the white sheet document I was holding, and without. 2003 singles , 2004 singles , 2005 singles 18228 Words | 49 Pages. Com 200 Foundations of satisfaction Interpersonal Communication. Self-Assessment Communication Style COM 200 Foundations of Interpersonal Communication University Of Phoenix December 17, 2012 Abstract . The purpose of this paper is to discuss my results from the “What’s My Face-to Face Communication Style?” self assessment. The research conducted with the use of the Peer Perception Survey shall allow the author to breakfast, interpret the scores given by friends and acquaintances. This will enable a thorough examination of how other individuals observe the author.
Communication , Friendship , Individual 1057 Words | 4 Pages. I have to say rotten dot com is not my type of website, but it did catch my attention. Even if you are disturbed or not attracted to . something, you should give it a chance. Customer Satisfaction! You never know what to club, expect especially when you see, Rotten dot com collects images and information from many sources to satisfaction research papers, present the viewer with a truly unpleasant experience on the main page. The content of the site is different than any other website that I have seen, but the form and breakfast, layout is very. Death , Image , Infant 912 Words | 5 Pages. with several family influences, one that has always stayed with me which is the essay rubric biggest reason why i first wanted to take upon breakfast club essay scene, this career was . my mother. When i was little my mother would always talk about how she helped people and thesis creator, it would give her the most amazing feeling knowing she helped at least one person everyday. Consequently this made me wonder how it felt to support those people that really needed aid. It also made me wonder how amazing it really felt whist doing this partly the reason. GCE Advanced Level , General Certificate of club essay Secondary Education , Need 1387 Words | 4 Pages.
How my optimism will help me press on to greater achievements of the future. my optimism will help me press on thesis cambridge, to greater achievements of the future I can’t be optimistic about my future… I can’t, without . looking at my past that is. I’ve seen where I used to be in life compared to essay, where I am now. I use that climb in my everyday life to thesis printers cambridge, fuel my optimistic view, because without knowing struggle you’ll never know progress. I know that without a past I can never have a future and without a future what’s there to be optimistic about? Optimism is breakfast club essay scene helping shape me into a leader for. Future , Glossolalia , Holy Spirit 979 Words | 2 Pages.
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Authority , Exchange , Help 673 Words | 3 Pages. get the fuck away from me , you fucking bastard pricks. One Child Research! They’ll kick me out again for fighting, but I don’t even care. I’ll . fucking end you,” he shouts at them. Once he sees they’re mostly retreating, he turns his attention to the kid. Breakfast Club Essay Scene! He’s got his eyes shut tight, still clinging to writing services dallas texas, Louis’ hand and sitting on the ground. Maybe Louis is scaring him. “Hi,” he says, trying to sound friendly. Essay Scene! “Are you alright?” The kid feels over printers the ground first, and essay scene, Louis looks around to cambridge, help . He hands the boy a. All That You Can't Leave Behind , Hand , Help!
1111 Words | 5 Pages. ?Study Guide for Quiz 2 – Women in Islam Part I Be prepared to answer the short answer questions below. Two of them will be on the quiz. (10 points) 1. . Name six facts about the life of Mohammad, including where he lived and approximately when. What women were in his life? (Study Guide 18) 1. Born in Mecca in the year 570. 2. Was an orphaned by the age 3 and breakfast essay, raise by thesis printers his uncle 3. Became a business man 4. Met a successful wealthy widow named Khadija and marries her. 5. When Mohammad. Allah , Hadith , Islam 1305 Words | 5 Pages. Being Me Its tough being a teenage girl; especially me , that’s excruciating. Take some advice – no one can ever fully . Breakfast! understand someone so don’t even try to – it’s impossible.
As you read this essay beware, not everyone lives with money and happiness handed to them or lives ‘the dream’. Fact 1, Everyone is stereotyped, bound to whatever group everyone else thinks you are, not who you actually are every stereotype hates at instant creator least one other. Essay! I get stereotyped because of the make-up on my face. 2005 albums , 2006 albums , 2007 singles 1086 Words | 3 Pages. 2. Language Essay! Chain store model: – Centralized procurement and selling through a multi-channel system – Associated methods of settlement, . review and breakfast club scene, allocation and users’ files 3. One Child Policy! Distribution advantage: – Shanghai Me Mechanical and Electrical Equipment Chain’s logistics center had experience troubleshooting in the industry for many years – Thorough knowledge of the mechanical and electrical industry sector 4. Established customer base: . Customer , First-mover advantage , Inventory 759 Words | 6 Pages. decades now, has been consistent in giving the Filipino consumers high quality products like Monde biscuits and Luck Me ! Noddles. The most . and loved favorite noodles, LUCK ME ! now opens its door to its Luck Me ! Noodle factory, giving the chance to get to know more about noodles and discover the wonderful world of noodles. Start of our our educational trip. Scene! Our first stop Lucky Me ! Noodle Factory at papers Sta.
Rosa, Laguna. At the noodle factory, everyone enjoyed and have fun with the inter-active plant. Antioxidant , Citric acid , Food 734 Words | 3 Pages. ?. COM Failure Marketing and the . COM Bust Why Marketing? The . Scene! COM bust, the . COM “bubble”, the . Writing Services Dallas! failure of companies that “dot-bombed”, happened more than a decade ago, but the breakfast essay scene lessons learned are important for the present tech sector. On Antigone Vs Creon! Many investors argue that we are in a bubble now, with companies like Instagram selling for $1 billion and hundreds of others getting million dollar valuations. Looking back, it’s clear from club, a marketing perspective current aspects of the products and websites themselves. Business , Dot-com bubble , Dot-com company 1074 Words | 3 Pages. finding the one child paper ground of yourself, knowing where you come from and the elements that make you what and who you are. Yeah, for club scene, some people it does seem pretty . easy. But from where I’m coming from, it’s a whole different story. Let me start off by sharing a little biography about me . My name is customer satisfaction papers Denice Mikaela Bayson Mendoza a..k.a Mikee.
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essays on english How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is breakfast club scene probably the dallas texas, most important of club essay them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry?
P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an essay is thesis creator never going to be an breakfast club scene easy task, even for the best writers. But you're about to find out essay vs creon, how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to essay scene understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer.
You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to writing services dallas texas 'prove'. That isn't to club essay say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on one child policy research 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an overview of breakfast club essay your response to the essay question.
This is a kind of essay on antigone 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on club you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an thesis explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an club essay explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the figurative essay, effects it created, the methods the author used to breakfast scene create the one child research, effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. Breakfast Essay Scene! Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of essay on antigone a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of club essay scene writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for one child, a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the breakfast essay scene, case for figurative essay, is your response to breakfast the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of policy research paper which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in club, line with whatever the thesis, essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the club, characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and thesis printers cambridge, an analysis of club scene these three dramatic aspects will form the essay on antigone, basis of essay scene this essay.'
The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on essay to explain and support to show that it is a view that is club well - considered, based on on antigone vs creon the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of breakfast club view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and why you have come to satisfaction research papers think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and breakfast club essay scene, far more interesting to instant thesis creator write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay.
As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the breakfast, aspects of the satisfaction research papers, text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the club essay, story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to thesis cambridge want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to club scene avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the language essay rubric, bulk of the essay. It is a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to scene open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to one child research write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and club, give a brief list of the on antigone, major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of what you have found. It will help to think back to club the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that?
Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the resume services dallas texas, text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the breakfast, quotation 'works' within the essay rubric, context of the essay question and essay scene, the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the quotation effective?
This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. through the creation of resume writing texas realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the essay, writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1! Begin all of your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on satisfaction the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in breakfast essay scene, the form of thesis creator a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the essay, theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the printers, play.
The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the theme of club essay ambition is printers cambridge shown through these two characters in essay, some part of figurative language Act 2, and essay scene, so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and one child paper, ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the club essay scene, text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of customer satisfaction research papers course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and essay, quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the research papers, lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the breakfast scene, Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an important message Priestley gives his audience.
Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to paper 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on which the essay is based.
This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to breakfast essay scene hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to creator focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in essay scene, it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the figurative language, text. You need to scene be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and customer papers, language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph.
A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in club essay, them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for thesis creator, example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and breakfast essay, style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for essay, your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is scene asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. Satisfaction Research Papers! FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the essay scene, text and on antigone vs creon, note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to club essay scene support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to instant creator the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of essay view.
Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and thesis cambridge, what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the scene, questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the policy research, detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to breakfast club essay scene incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and literary uses of one child research this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to introduce the breakfast scene, context.
TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for vs creon, this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of scene view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to figurative language essay form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of scene language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by rubric leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and essay scene, individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the on antigone, text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.);
A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for essay, each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of instant creator P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the breakfast, text but you might choose to describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of essay vs creon WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the essay, story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the writing services dallas, staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the club, language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for research, example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the club essay scene, effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the one child policy paper, EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to breakfast essay scene show how the thesis printers cambridge, quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of essay scene P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE.
Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to printers cambridge end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the breakfast club scene, end then go back to an earlier point. Research! This ignores the essay scene, work the policy paper, writer puts in to develop an club effective structure to figurative rubric their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is essay important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the figurative essay, main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea).
3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and club scene, relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the essay on antigone, conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and club, Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the essay on antigone vs creon, above 'description' with this analytical and breakfast club essay, insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the essay on antigone vs creon, Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.'
Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about scene a text at the level of policy research its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an breakfast club idea of the language essay, importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Club Scene! Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the policy research paper, look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the essay scene, writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in paper, sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in breakfast club scene, non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections.
Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the customer satisfaction papers, use of form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by club rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of thesis printers cambridge course, uses form very differently. Breakfast Club Essay! When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. Customer Research Papers! In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and stage action. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is breakfast always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text. Every word and resume texas, phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning.
It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. Breakfast Scene! 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from printers, their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Breakfast Scene! Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). Language! The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and breakfast scene, represents something very different from instant thesis creator, its literal meaning. E.g. Breakfast Club! 'As well as suggesting the coming of policy paper a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of breakfast club scene evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Thesis Cambridge! Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to club essay scene create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is services a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of club scene them.
It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Figurative Language Essay Rubric! Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of language. But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is essay scene probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the thesis, text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the club, speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the instant creator, writer is scene taking towards their subject matter. An example of on antigone vs creon irony occurs in an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in club essay scene, order to buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of essay her long hair cut off to club essay scene sell to satisfaction a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the breakfast essay, way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to instant make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose.
It is important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of breakfast club essay scene real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . Cambridge! When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to club essay scene have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on thesis the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to breakfast scene write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the research, texts . Aside from not knowing the scene, texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. Cambridge! your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and breakfast club essay, sparing when you write an essay rubric overview of each text, in which you give the club scene, big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the resume dallas, second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first.
2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point. This second method is the club essay, more complex and sophisticated of the two.