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American education week essay - …
Book review: ‘The True American: Murder and american week essay Mercy in Texas’ by Anand Giridharadas. The inside track on Washington politics. *Invalid email address. Eboo Patel is founder and president of Interfaith Youth Core and how to example the author of “Acts of Faith” and “Sacred Ground.” On Sept. 21, 2001, Raisuddin Bhuiyan was working an american education week extended shift at essay a gas station on the outskirts of Dallas when a heavily tattooed man wearing wrap-around sunglasses approached the counter, put a gun to Bhuiyan’s head and asked, “Where are you from?” Trained as an air force fighter pilot in american education, his native Bangladesh, accustomed to the rhythms of armed robberies from working nights at the Buckner Food Mart, Bhuiyan got the tips, sense that the man in front of american education week him was not there for the $150 Bhuiyan had taken out how to write, of the cash register. He stepped back and turned his head, and then he experienced what felt like a million bees stinging the side of his face. American Education Week Essay. The gunman, Mark Stroman, took Sept. How To Write A Statistical Report. 11, 2001, personally. He falsely claimed that he had lost a sister in the World Trade Center attack and started calling himself an “allied combatant.” Somehow he imagined a connection between the people working in the food marts in his area and the terrorists. Out “hunting Arabs” in the days immediately following 9/11, Stroman shot three South Asian food mart attendants.
Bhuiyan was the only one who lived. So begins Anand Giridharadas’s fine new book, “The True American.” The premise is simple — Bhuiyan forgives his attacker in american week essay, the name of Islam and then wages a campaign to font save Stroman from execution. An inspiring enough story, surely worthy of the flurry of news coverage it received around the 10th anniversary of 9/11. Essay. But a book-length treatment, especially with a title like “The True American,” runs the essay on apple computers, risk of being taken for a middle-school morality tale. Simply put, it’s not.
This is a haunting book, one that penetrates deep into the lives of american education two complex individuals and reveals the worlds that made them. Giridharadas traces Bhuiyan’s story from the elite academies he attended in Bangladesh through the buy college essay papers, many eye surgeries he required after the shooting, then on to when he decided to forgive Stroman, and finally to his new life as a successful technology professional and american an internationally sought-after speaker. He does the how to invites, same for education week Stroman, stitching together the various pieces from invites, his prison letters plus interviews with family members, a former boss and the Israeli filmmaker who befriended him. Here and there a sentence sags, but mostly the story moves quickly and the writing sparkles. A chapter that alternates between scenes of Bhuiyan’s legal team racing to block Stroman’s execution and Stroman’s supporters waiting at the execution site, listening for the ring that signifies the beginning of the end, ranks among the most riveting nonfiction I have read in a long time. Here is Giridharadas describing the mood among Stroman’s friends on the night of the execution, praying that it would be canceled or postponed. “As 6 p.m. ripened into 7, for essay once there was hope. Ziv’s [the filmmaker who had befriended Stroman] guard friend now told him that it was unusual to have such a delay. If it went on much longer, given the extensive protocols involved, they would likely have to withdraw the death warrant: the whole business had to be complete before midnight. . . . The consensus in papers, the cafeteria shifted its weight toward optimism.” And when the american education week, final moment comes, Giridharadas gives us an image of Stroman that captures his contradictions, quoting his last words: “I am at peace.
Hate is going on tips font in this world, and it has to stop. One second of american week essay hate will cause a lifetime of pain. Even though I lay on this gurney, seconds away from invites, my death, I am at total peace. I’m still a proud American — Texas loud, Texas proud. God bless America. God bless everyone.
Let’s do this damn thing.” The individual stories are certainly compelling, but what sets this book apart is when it zooms out and illuminates the broader social context of the lives at the center. We get Bhuiyan’s immigrant eyes on America: his gratitude for the upward opportunities provided to the resourceful and american week industrious; his despair for those who have fallen into what he calls the resume tips, SAD life, beholden to empty sex, alcohol and drugs; and above all his confusion at how so many Americans seem abandoned, unable to find family members to co-sign for car loans or take them in when they have no place to go. Giridharadas writes, “What Rais was perhaps discovering was the liberty and selfhood that America gave, that had called to him from across the oceans, could, if carried to their extremes, fail people as much as the strictures of a society like Bangladesh.” Poverty in Bangladesh, Bhuiyan observes, brings people together. Many Americans, on the other hand, live and die alone. Remarkably, Giridharadas paints a fully human portrait of american week essay Stroman’s world as well. It would be easy to dismiss Stroman, with his Aryan Nation friends and swastika tattoo, as simply a murderous white supremacist.
But Giridharadas spends time with Stroman’s kids, visiting his son Robert in the maximum-security area of a maximum-security prison, and hanging out in essay computers, a halfway house with Stroman’s first wife and their daughters as they try to beat addictions and hold down fast-food jobs. The Stromans’ problems are replicated throughout lower-class America: the uncertain parentages and anarchic families, the american education week essay, ubiquity of meth, the race-gang-dominated prisons, the sex that begins at papers the turn of essay puberty. Thesis Help Tennessee. Bhuiyan, in his seemingly bottomless mercy, reaches out to help. He could not save Stroman’s life, but he hopes to stop the cycle by helping Stroman’s kids. “You may have lost a father, but you’ve gained an week essay uncle,” he tells them, and buy college essay papers sends money when they call. My one quibble with this book is that Giridharadas, while plumbing the depths of Bhuiyan’s Muslim heart, misses a wide-open opportunity to get to the heart of Islam.
There are a few beautiful pages about week essay, hajj, a reference to the prophet Muhammad’s example of mercy and some interesting insights about forgiveness in Muslim law. But there’s very little to indicate that mercy is considered the central value of the faith by many scholars of Islam, and that Bhuiyan’s decision to forgive Stroman and fight for his life goes right to the core of the tradition. But that’s my personal proclivity. This is a book about the many dimensions of America, not the many interpretations of Islam. “The True American” gives you new eyes on on apple computers your nation, makes you wonder about both the recent South Asian immigrant behind the counter at the food mart and the tattooed white man behind you in american, line. It reminds you that there are some Americas where mercy flows freely, and resume tips font other Americas where it has turned to ice. Eboo Patel is the founder and president of Interfaith Youth Core and the author of “Acts of american week Faith” and “Sacred Ground.”
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American education week essay …
How to Write a Resume Skills Section. The resume skills section allows you to list, re-iterate, and expand upon your skills and week, abilities that are relevant to the job you are applying for. A well-crafted resume skills section will also help your resume beat Applicant Tracking System (ATS) “resume reading robots”, which is the first step to getting your application into tips font a hiring manager’s hands. Don’t miss the american, opportunity to make a powerful skills section that can tip the write report example, odds in your favor — read on to learn how. Sometimes referenced as “ Additional Skills ” the Skills Section is american week, where you can list all of your useful abilities that are not overtly mentioned in the bullet points of the Work History sections.
Here are some samples showing what they look like: Customer Service Resume Skills Section. Laborer Resume Skills Section. As you can see, these all tend to be brief and to the point. Yet, there is a right way and a wrong way to writing them. Don’t forget your cover letter. Browse through our library of Cover Letter Samples by Industry. Tips on Adding Additional Skills to Your Resume. In the above examples, there are a few similarities to the types of skills that the job seekers listed even though they are going after different positions. A hiring manager is interested in what relevant skills you have. They do not care about whether or not you came in first place in thesis nashville the hot dog eating contest at the state fair.
An IT Industry job seeker should not do this : Leader of a 70 member guild in World of american week essay Warcraft for 3 years. Maintained a self-hosted VoIP chat server for 3 years. One of the above skills shows some legitimate tech savvy while the on apple, other does not. That’s something that might catch a hiring manager’s eye. Keep your skills targeted toward the job you are applying for.
Even if you have a knack for something that is not directly related to the position, as long as it’s relevant it’s worth mentioning . For example, if you are applying for an assistant manager position at a small music shop, it’s perfectly acceptable to mention that you can play guitar. It isn’t directly related to management, but it shows you have knowledge of the industry. Just like discussed in all of the Resume Genius resume samples, replace nonspecific adjectives with hard numbers. The same goes for american week how specific you are in buy college essay papers regards to software, hardware, and other tools you are skilled with. Don’t Say: Excellent with foreign languages. Do Say: Fluent in English and Spanish , and proficient in French. Don’t Say: Skilled typist. Do Say: 70WPM typist. You don’t need to get overzealous with the specifics, but a couple of details go a long way. When listing large software suites like Microsoft Office, try to name the individual applications you’re proficient with, such as PowerPoint or Excel when page space is adequate. If you’re only listing 2 or 3 bullet points, this isn’t that big of a deal, but once you start listing more, you want to keep things sensible.
For example, keep your computer skills with your computer skills and american education, your speaking and language skills with your speaking and language skills. Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and a statistical report example, Adobe Illustrator Bilingual – Fluent in English and French Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker. Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and education, Adobe Illustrator Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker Bilingual – Fluent in English and French. Also, when possible list the group of skills that are more important to the position that you’re applying for first. Report! You shouldn’t spend too much time debating on education week essay the ordering though as per buy college essay papers the first tip, they all should be relevant anyway. Formatting: Additional Skills vs. American Education Week! Technical / Computer Skills. Most job seekers end up choosing a resume template that places their relevant skills closer to the bottom, but for some specific industries listing them at the top is very effective . Buy College! Take a look at education week the sample resume for an applicant searching for an IT job: Because an IT job requires an employee to have a base set of skills, the applicant starts off by write invites listing his Technical Skills instead of adding them as Additional Skills towards the end. He also breaks them down by theme, such as what computer networking skills he has and essay, what operating systems he is proficient with, bolding each main general category and essay on apple computers, then listing each specific skill in its respective category.
Some jobs where using a Technical Skills section instead of an Additional Skills section could be beneficial are: Information Technology Graphic Design Manufacturing Technical Writing Engineering. Regardless of week essay which style of Skills Section you use on your resume, as long as you use relevant, clear, well organized bullet points , you’re sure to resume tips, impress. Industry-Specific Skills for your Resume. The Best List of Skills For a Resume. Below are the most sought after skills and education essay, abilities that employers look for on resume a resume.
If you can include these abilities on your resume, you will be sure to attract their attention. However, it is not enough to simply list your skills. The bottom line is that HR managers want proof. That’s why it is more effective to include examples of how you use your skills rather than merely stating, “Possess great communication skills.” The bottom line is that HR managers want proof. Here is essay, a list of good skills and how to a statistical report, example bullet points to add to american education, your resume: Approach all work activities with deliberate focus to ensure that each task is plastic, completed correctly, efficiently, and effectively. Seek and american, actively learn new information to keep up to date with new skill requirements and technological innovations. Achieve high levels of multi-tasking ability by remaining focused and goal oriented, completing several tasks simultaneously to reach desired targets. Commended by how to write report example peers for displaying a good attitude, working hard, and setting and achieving personal goals. Listen to and integrate criticism and advice from peers, teachers, and bosses, strengthening personal deficits and weaknesses wherever possible.
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American Education Week Essay …
milton glaser essay Delivered at the AIGA National Design Conference, Boston 2005. I can hardly remember what I spoke about at our first conference 20 years ago, but I do recall repeating my mother’s spaghetti recipe, which for those of you who weren’t there, was the most appreciated piece of information I presented. Make it clear. This fundamental assumption of american education, communication would seem to be an attainable goal. Objectify the audience, understand their desiresappeal to their interests, eliminate the extraneous and presto effective communication. 1. Design a package to look larger on the shelf? 2. Resume. Do an ad for a slow-moving, boring film to american essay make it seem like a lighthearted comedy? 3. Design a crest for a new vineyard to suggest that it's been in business for essay, a long time?
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I am exceedingly well prepared for my old age' he said. SOME PEOPLE ARE TOXIC AVOID THEM. This is thesis help a subtext of week essay, number one. There was in the sixties a man named Fritz Perls who was a gestalt therapist. Gestalt therapy derives from art history, it proposes you must understand the how to write a statistical report example 'whole' before you can understand the details. What you have to look at is the entire culture, the entire family and american education essay community and so on. Perls proposed that in all relationships people could be either toxic or nourishing towards one another. It is not necessarily true that the same person will be toxic or nourishing in every relationship, but the combination of any two people in a relationship produces toxic or nourishing consequences.
And the important thing that I can tell you is write that there is a test to determine whether someone is toxic or nourishing in your relationship with them. Here is the american education test: You have spent some time with this person, either you have a drink or go for dinner or you go to a ball game. It doesn't matter very much but at the end of that time you observe whether you are more energized or less energized. Whether you are tired or whether you are exhilarated. If you are more tired then you have been poisoned. How To A Statistical Report Example. If you have more energy you have been nourished. The test is almost infallible and I suggest that you use it for the rest of your life. PROFESSIONALISM IS NOT ENOUGH or THE GOOD IS THE ENEMY OF THE GREAT. Early in my career I wanted to be professional, that was my complete aspiration in my early life because professionals seemed to know everything - not to mention they got paid for it. Later I discovered after working for a while that professionalism itself was a limitation.
After all, what professionalism means in education, most cases is diminishing risks. So if you want to get your car fixed you go to a mechanic who knows how to deal with transmission problems in the same way each time. I suppose if you needed brain surgery you wouldn't want the plastic doctor to fool around and invent a new way of connecting your nerve endings. American Education Week Essay. Please do it in the way that has worked in the past.Unfortunately in our field, in the so-called creative I hate that word because it is cards misused so often. I also hate the fact that it is used as a noun. Can you imagine calling someone a creative? Anyhow, when you are doing something in education essay, a recurring way to plastic diminish risk or doing it in the same way as you have done it before, it is clear why professionalism is not enough. After all, what is american essay required in our field, more than anything else, is the continuous transgression. Professionalism does not allow for that because transgression has to encompass the computers possibility of failure and if you are professional your instinct is not to fail, it is to repeat success.
So professionalism as a lifetime aspiration is a limited goal. LESS IS NOT NECESSARILY MORE. Being a child of modernism I have heard this mantra all my life. American. Less is more. One morning upon buy college awakening I realized that it was total nonsense, it is an absurd proposition and also fairly meaningless. Education Week. But it sounds great because it contains within it a paradox that is resistant to a statistical example understanding. American Week. But it simply does not obtain when you think about the visual of the how to example history of the essay world. If you look at a Persian rug, you cannot say that less is more because you realize that every part of that rug, every change of colour, every shift in form is absolutely essential for its aesthetic success. You cannot prove to me that a solid blue rug is in any way superior. Plastic Cards. That also goes for the work of Gaudi, Persian miniatures, art nouveau and everything else. American Week. However, I have an alternative to the proposition that I believe is more appropriate. 'Just enough is more.'
STYLE IS NOT TO BE TRUSTED. I think this idea first occurred to essay me when I was looking at a marvelous etching of a bull by Picasso. It was an illustration for a story by Balzac called The Hidden Masterpiece. I am sure that you all know it. Essay. It is buy college essay a bull that is expressed in 12 different styles going from very naturalistic version of a bull to an absolutely reductive single line abstraction and essay everything else along the way. What is clear just from looking at this single print is that style is resume tips irrelevant. In every one of these cases, from extreme abstraction to acute naturalism they are extraordinary regardless of the style. It's absurd to be loyal to a style. It does not deserve your loyalty. Education. I must say that for old design professionals it is a problem because the nashville field is driven by economic consideration more than anything else.
Style change is usually linked to economic factors, as all of you know who have read Marx. Also fatigue occurs when people see too much of the same thing too often. So every ten years or so there is a stylistic shift and things are made to look different. Education. Typefaces go in resume tips font, and out of style and the visual system shifts a little bit. If you are around for a long time as a designer, you have an essential problem of what to do. I mean, after all, you have developed a vocabulary, a form that is your own. It is american education one of the invites ways that you distinguish yourself from essay your peers, and tips font establish your identity in the field. American. How you maintain your own belief system and preferences becomes a real balancing act. How To Write Report Example. The question of whether you pursue change or whether you maintain your own distinct form becomes difficult.
We have all seen the work of illustrious practitioners that suddenly look old-fashioned or, more precisely, belonging to another moment in time. And there are sad stories such as the one about Cassandre, arguably the greatest graphic designer of the american education twentieth century, who couldn't make a living at the end of invites, his life and committed suicide.But the point is that anybody who is in this for american essay, the long haul has to decide how to respond to change in the zeitgeist. What is it that people now expect that they formerly didn't want? And how to respond to that desire in a way that doesn't change your sense of integrity and purpose. HOW YOU LIVE CHANGES YOUR BRAIN. The brain is the most responsive organ of the body. Actually it is the organ that is most susceptible to on apple computers change and regeneration of all the organs in the body. Week. I have a friend named Gerald Edelman who was a great scholar of brain studies and thesis he says that the analogy of the american week essay brain to papers a computer is american education week essay pathetic.
The brain is actually more like an overgrown garden that is constantly growing and resume throwing off seeds, regenerating and so on. And he believes that the brain is susceptible, in a way that we are not fully conscious of, to almost every experience of our life and every encounter we have. I was fascinated by a story in a newspaper a few years ago about the search for perfect pitch. Essay. A group of scientists decided that they were going to find out why certain people have perfect pitch. You know certain people hear a note precisely and are able to replicate it at exactly the right pitch.
Some people have relative pitch; perfect pitch is rare even among musicians. The scientists discovered I don't know how - that among people with perfect pitch the brain was different. Certain lobes of the brain had undergone some change or deformation that was always present with those who had perfect pitch. This was interesting enough in itself. But then they discovered something even more fascinating. If you took a bunch of kids and taught them to play the violin at tips font the age of 4 or 5 after a couple of years some of them developed perfect pitch, and in all of those cases their brain structure had changed. Well what could that mean for the rest of american education week, us? We tend to believe that the mind affects the body and the body affects the mind, although we do not generally believe that everything we do affects the brain.
I am convinced that if someone was to yell at me from across the tips font street my brain could be affected and my life might changed. That is why your mother always said, 'Don't hang out with those bad kids.' Mama was right. Thought changes our life and our behavior. I also believe that drawing works in the same way. I am a great advocate of education, drawing, not in order to become an illustrator, but because I believe drawing changes the brain in the same way as the search to create the right note changes the brain of on apple, a violinist. Drawing also makes you attentive. It makes you pay attention to what you are looking at, which is not so easy. DOUBT IS BETTER THAN CERTAINTY.
Everyone always talks about confidence in believing what you do. I remember once going to a class in yoga where the week essay teacher said that, spirituality speaking, if you believed that you had achieved enlightenment you have merely arrived at your limitation. I think that is also true in a practical sense. Deeply held beliefs of any kind prevent you from being open to how to experience, which is why I find all firmly held ideological positions questionable. It makes me nervous when someone believes too deeply or too much. I think that being skeptical and questioning all deeply held beliefs is essential. Of course we must know the difference between skepticism and cynicism because cynicism is as much a restriction of one's openness to the world as passionate belief is. They are sort of twins.
And then in a very real way, solving any problem is education essay more important than being right. Write. There is a significant sense of education week, self-righteousness in both the art and plastic cards design world. Perhaps it begins at school. Art school often begins with the Ayn Rand model of the single personality resisting the ideas of the american education essay surrounding culture. Essay. The theory of the avant garde is education week essay that as an individual you can transform the world, which is true up to a point. One of the signs of how to write example, a damaged ego is absolute certainty.Schools encourage the idea of american week, not compromising and defending your work at all costs. Well, the issue at computers work is american education essay usually all about the nature of compromise. You just have to write a statistical report know what to compromise. Week Essay. Blind pursuit of your own ends which excludes the possibility that others may be right does not allow for the fact that in design we are always dealing with a triad the client, the audience and you.
Ideally, making everyone win through acts of accommodation is desirable. How To Write A Statistical Example. But self-righteousness is often the enemy. Self-righteousness and narcissism generally come out of american education essay, some sort of resume tips font, childhood trauma, which we do not have to go into. It is a consistently difficult thing in human affairs. Some years ago I read a most remarkable thing about love, that also applies to education essay the nature of co-existing with others. It was a quotation from Iris Murdoch in her obituary. It read ' Love is the extremely difficult realization that something other than oneself is how to example real.' Isn't that fantastic! The best insight on the subject of love that one can imagine. Last year someone gave me a charming book by Roger Rosenblatt called 'Ageing Gracefully' I got it on my birthday. I did not appreciate the american week essay title at the time but it contains a series of rules for ageing gracefully. The first rule is the how to example best.
Rule number one is that 'it doesn't matter.' 'It doesn't matter what you think. Week. Follow this rule and it will add decades to your life. It does not matter if you are late or early, if you are here or there, if you said it or didn't say it, if you are clever or if you were stupid. Help Nashville. If you were having a bad hair day or a no hair day or if your boss looks at you cockeyed or your boyfriend or girlfriend looks at you cockeyed, if you are cockeyed. If you don't get that promotion or prize or house or if you do it doesn't matter.' Wisdom at last. Then I heard a marvelous joke that seemed related to rule number 10. A butcher was opening his market one morning and as he did a rabbit popped his head through the door. The butcher was surprised when the american rabbit inquired 'Got any cabbage?' The butcher said 'This is a meat market we sell meat, not vegetables.' The rabbit hopped off. The next day the butcher is opening the shop and sure enough the rabbit pops his head round and says 'You got any cabbage?' The butcher now irritated says 'Listen you little rodent I told you yesterday we sell meat, we do not sell vegetables and tips the next time you come here I am going to grab you by the throat and nail those floppy ears to the floor.' The rabbit disappeared hastily and nothing happened for a week. Then one morning the american education week essay rabbit popped his head around the corner and said 'Got any nails?' The butcher said 'No.' The rabbit said 'Ok.
Got any cabbage?' The rabbit joke is relevant because it occurred to me that looking for a cabbage in a butcher's shop might be like looking for ethics in the design field. It may not be the most obvious place to thesis nashville find either. It's interesting to american week observe that in resume plastic cards, the new AIGA's code of essay, ethics there is a significant amount of plastic, useful information about appropriate behavior towards clients and education week essay other designers, but not a word about a designer's relationship to the public. We expect a butcher to sell us eatable meat and report example that he doesn't misrepresent his wares. I remember reading that during the Stalin years in Russia that everything labelled veal was actually chicken. I can't imagine what everything labelled chicken was. We can accept certain kinds of misrepresentation, such as fudging about the amount of essay, fat in his hamburger but once a butcher knowingly sells us spoiled meat we go elsewhere. As a designer, do we have less responsibility to our public than a butcher?
Everyone interested in licensing our field might note that the reason licensing has been invented is to essay on apple protect the public not designers or clients. 'Do no harm' is an admonition to doctors concerning their relationship to american week essay their patients, not to their fellow practitioners or the drug companies. Font. If we were licensed, telling the truth might become more central to what we do. So many legends, so little time. Rick Grefe has asked me to speak briefly on the value of american education week essay, continuity in our profession. Of course one could take that charge to mean the short history of design, perhaps beginning with Peter Behrens, who is resume tips font credited with invention of american week, identity programs and coordinating graphic and industrial design activities.
Or one might consider our history as beginning with the first cave paintings at the dawn of history.
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American education week essay …
Alan Levine: Alumnus of the american week Year 2010. Health Administration/Business Administration master’s ’93. Levine is Secretary of the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals. He manages a budget of $7.8 billion and provides oversight and services in nashville, mental health, public health, emergency preparedness, Medicaid, health information technology, addictive disorders and aging services. Previously, Levine served as president and american essay, CEO of Florida’s Broward Health, one of the largest non-profit public hospital systems in America. In 2004, Levine was appointed by Governor Jeb Bush to how to, serve as Secretary of the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration.
He led Florida’s health delivery system through response and recovery from eight major hurricanes and produced significant results through initiatives to crack down on education week essay, fraud, waste and abuse. In 2006, Modern Healthcare magazine named Levine one of resume plastic, 30 leaders nationwide likely to have a powerful impact on the future of health care. My favorite UF memory : There were so many different once-in-a-lifetime experiences, it would not do any of them justice to pick just one. Whether it was through my involvement in student activities like student government, spending time with my roommate (who remains to this day my closest friend), or pursuing my career ambitions, there are stories about all those things that made my career at UF incredible. I remember being elected Treasurer of the Student Body. That was exciting and led to american education week essay, great opportunities and memories. Losing an election for Student Body President because someone ran their cat on the ballot (yes, the essay on apple computers cat got enough votes that it threw the american race into a runoff and I lost in the runoff) was one that, to this day, people don’t believe. And thinking back to my freshman year when I didn’t know anyone, was a stranger to campus, and had my whole college career ahead of tips, me — when I think about that and where I’ve gone since those early days, I really look back in week essay, amazement with how much I experienced and grew during that short span of time. Probably the one memory that had the most consequential outcome was when I was applying to get into PHHP for resume font, graduate school, but because of my extracurricular activities and week essay, general laziness in the classroom, I wasn’t a terribly competitive applicant. And back then, you also had to get admitted to on apple, the business school for an MBA.
I remember Dr. (Paul) Duncan, Dr. (Gerald) Schiebler and week essay, Dr. (Richard) Gutekunst giving me a lot of advice. About a week before decisions were made about enrollment, Dr. Gutekunst called me and said, “I have a little fatherly advice for you, Alan. Write Example? Quit calling everyone!” A week later, I was admitted. They shared with me that they saw something in me beyond grades, and they wanted to see what I could do. I worked so hard in graduate school not to let them down, and to a certain degree, I carry that same determination today. These guys really took a chance with me, and it was a life-changer for me.
Frankly, it’s helped me become a better mentor, because I look for the same things in the people I hire that they saw in week, me. Best lesson learned at UF : Most of the education comes outside the classroom. Resume? Learning to develop relationships, communicate, be independent — all these things happen not just by reading your textbooks, but by using the laboratory of the university setting to education, learn all you can about yourself and thesis, your interpersonal skills. Before I came to UF, I lacked confidence and the ability to focus on american education essay, a goal. I learned those things by being involved outside the classroom. My own kids are in college now (one at UF and one at FSU), and essay on apple, I gave them both the advice that, when they leave college, they should be able to look back and american education week, not regret having missed any opportunities to contribute to the student experience, to the school, and to their own resume of experience. I learned that all those opportunities are there, and if you learn that lesson in college, they spill over into your professional life.
I genuinely feel badly for people when I see them squander the opportunity to be involved. The network of friends and contacts you make are good for a lifetime when you leave school. UF faculty member who influenced me the how to write a statistical report example most: I don’t like answering this because so many faculty had so much patience with me, invested so much in education, teaching me, and font, became people who, to this day, I admire and respect. American Education Essay? Dr. Resume Tips Font? Paul Duncan is someone who, well before I was even able to apply to his program, took an interest in me. I went to see him as a sophomore (my first sophomore year) to ask about the graduate program.
The look on his face when I told him my GPA was so low it didn’t come close to meeting requirements for admission was priceless. He always took the american education week time to tennessee, meet with me and give me guidance even though he knew I wasn’t going to follow it. He advocated giving me a chance in the graduate program and american, mentored me through it. To this day, I seek advice from him and I still consider him to be my teacher. Dr. Gerry Schiebler and plastic cards, his wife Audrey were two people who taught me so much, even though they never had me in the classroom. Dr. and Mrs. Schiebler, as advocates for children’s health services and people who made a difference in our state, served as mentors for scores of students who were in awe of how they were able to get things done. American Week? I volunteered as a Guardian ad-litem after college and always reflected on the fact that it was Mrs. Schiebler who worked so hard to make the resume tips program so effective.
Dr. Schiebler took such a genuine interest in students it is hard not consider him a hero. American Week? Dr. Steve Dorman and help tennessee, Dr. Jill Varnes, the Dean and former Dean of the College of Health and american week, Human Performance, both of whom taught me as an write a statistical report example, undergraduate (and THAT must have been frustrating) and took enough interest in their students to know what truly motivated us.
Even though I missed a lot of class because of my extracurricular activities, they always gave me the benefit of the doubt because they knew that was important to week essay, me. I love all these people — not because of what they did for me, but because of what they continue to do for students. Resume Cards? Beyond bleach: mold a long-term problem after flooding and disasters. How the anal cancer epidemic in gay and education essay, bi HIV-positive men can be prevented. Unique gene therapy prevents, reverses multiple sclerosis in animal model.
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college paper topic Journal-Style Scientific Paper. The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so different from writing in the humanities. One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in american, a uniform manner. Another reason, perhaps more important than the essay papers first, is that this format allows the paper to week essay be read at several different levels. For example, many people skim Titles to essay find out american education essay what information is available on a subject.
Others may read only titles and Abstracts . Those wanting to go deeper may look at the Tables and Figures in the Results , and so on. The take home point here is that the scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper (beyond title skimming), they will likely get the key results and conclusions. Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into the following sections: Title, Authors and how to write invites, Affiliation, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and american education, Literature Cited, which parallel the experimental process. Cards! This is the system we will use. Week Essay! This website describes the style, content, and format associated with each section. The sections appear in a journal style paper in the following prescribed order:
Section of Paper. What did I do in a nutshell? What is the essay papers problem? How did I solve the problem? What did I find out? What does it mean? Who helped me out? Whose work did I refer to? Main Section Headings: Each main section of the american essay paper begins with a heading which should be capitalized , centered at the beginning of the section, and double spaced from the how to write lines above and below.
Do not underline the section heading OR put a colon at the end. Example of a main section heading: Subheadings: When your paper reports on more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize the presentation. Subheadings should be capitalized (first letter in american education, each word), left justified, and either bold italics OR underlined . Example of write a statistical report example a subheading: Effects of Light Intensity on the Rate of Electron Transport. Title, Authors' Names, and education essay, Institutional Affiliations. 1. Function : Your paper should begin with a Title that succinctly describes the contents of the help nashville tennessee paper. Education! Use descriptive words that you would associate strongly with the content of nashville tennessee your paper: the molecule studied, the american week organism used or studied, the treatment, the location of a field site, the response measured, etc. A majority of readers will find your paper via electronic database searches and those search engines key on words found in the title. The title should be centered at papers the top of page 1 (DO NOT use a title page - it is a waste of paper for our purposes); the title is NOT underlined or italicized . the authors' names (PI or primary author first) and institutional affiliation are double-spaced from and centered below the title.
When more then two authors, the names are separated by education, commas except for the last which is separated from the previous name by thesis help nashville, the word and. Ducks Over-Winter in Colorado Barley Fields in american, Response to. Increased Daily Mean Temperature. Ima Mallard, Ura Drake, and Woodruff Ducque. Department of Wildlife Biology, University of Colorado - Boulder. The title is not a section, but it is necessary and nashville tennessee, important. American! The title should be short and unambiguous, yet be an adequate description of the work. A general rule-of-thumb is thesis nashville, that the title should contain the education week key words describing the how to write work presented. Remember that the title becomes the basis for most on-line computer searches - if your title is insufficient, few people will find or read your paper. American Week! For example, in a paper reporting on an experiment involving dosing mice with the sex hormone estrogen and watching for invites, a certain kind of courtship behavior, a poor title would be: Why?
It is very general, and could be referring to american education week any of a number of mouse behaviors. A better title would be : The Effects of Estrogen on the Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice. Why? Because the resume font key words identify a specific behavior, a modifying agent, and the experimental organism. If possible, give the american education week key result of the study in help nashville, the title, as seen in the first example. Similarly, the above title could be restated as: Estrogen Stimulates Intensity of Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice. 1. Function : An abstract summarizes, in one paragraph (usually), the education week major aspects of the entire paper in the following prescribed sequence: the question(s) you investigated (or purpose), ( from Introduction ) state the purpose very clearly in the first or second sentence. the experimental design and how to write invites, methods used, ( from Methods ) clearly express the basic design of the study. Name or briefly describe the week essay basic methodology used without going into excessive detail-be sure to a statistical example indicate the key techniques used. the major findings including key quantitative results , or trends ( from Results ) report those results which answer the questions you were asking identify trends, relative change or differences, etc. American Education Essay! a brief summary of help tennessee your interpetations and education essay, conclusions . (from Discussion ) clearly state the implications of the answers your results gave you. Whereas the Title can only make the simplest statement about the content of your article, the Abstract allows you to computers elaborate more on each major aspect of the paper.
The length of education week essay your Abstract should be kept to about 200-300 words maximum (a typical standard length for how to write example, journals.) Limit your statements concerning each segment of the paper (i.e. purpose, methods, results, etc.) to two or three sentences, if possible. American Education Week! The Abstract helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the tips paper, or it may be the only part they can obtain via electronic literature searches or in published abstracts. Therefore, enough key information (e.g., summary results, observations, trends, etc.) must be included to make the Abstract useful to someone who may to reference your work. How do you know when you have enough information in your Abstract? A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing an american, study similar to the one you are reporting.
If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there? 2. Style : The Abstract is ONLY text. Use the active voice when possible, but much of it may require passive constructions. Write your Abstract using concise, but complete, sentences, and get to the point quickly. Plastic! Use past tense . Maximum length should be 200-300 words, usually in a single paragraph.
The Abstract SHOULD NOT contain: lengthy background information, references to other literature, elliptical (i.e., ending with . ) or incomplete sentences, abbreviations or terms that may be confusing to readers, any sort of illustration, figure, or table, or references to them. 3. Strategy : Although it is the week first section of your paper, the Abstract, by definition, must be written last since it will summarize the resume tips font paper. To begin composing your Abstract, take whole sentences or key phrases from each section and put them in a sequence which summarizes the paper. Then set about revising or adding words to make it all cohesive and clear. As you become more proficient you will most likely compose the Abstract from scratch.
4. Check your work : Once you have the completed abstract, check to make sure that the information in education, the abstract completely agrees with what is written in the paper. Confirm that all the how to information appearing the abstract actually appears in the body of the paper. 1. Function : The function of the Introduction is to: Establish the context of the work being reported. American Week Essay! This is accomplished by discussing the how to invites relevant primary research literature (with citations) and american education, summarizing our current understanding of the problem you are investigating; State the a statistical purpose of the work in education week essay, the form of the tips font hypothesis, question, or problem you investigated; and, Briefly explain your rationale and american education week, approach and, whenever possible, the possible outcomes your study can reveal. Quite literally, the Introduction must answer the questions, What was I studying ? Why was it an important question? What did we know about it before I did this study?
How will this study advance our knowledge? 2. Style : Use the resume plastic active voice as much as possible. American Week Essay! Some use of first person is okay, but do not overdo it. 3. Resume Tips Font! Structure : The structure of the Introduction can be thought of as an inverted triangle - the broadest part at american education week essay the top representing the most general information and focusing down to the specific problem you studied. Buy College! Organize the information to present the more general aspects of the topic early in american education, the Introduction, then narrow toward the more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your statement of purpose and rationale. A good way to get on track is to sketch out the Introduction backwards ; start with the essay on apple specific purpose and american education week, then decide what is the scientific context in which you are asking the question(s) your study addresses. Once the scientific context is decided, then you'll have a good sense of what level and type of general information with which the Introduction should begin.
Here is the information should flow in your Introduction: Begin your Introduction by report, clearly identifying the subject area of interest. American Education Week Essay! Do this by using key words from resume plastic cards your Title in american education, the first few sentences of the Introduction to get it focused directly on topic at the appropriate level. How To Write A Statistical Report Example! This insures that you get to american essay the primary subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general. Help Nashville Tennessee! For example, in american education, the mouse behavior paper, the words hormones and behavior would likely appear within the resume plastic cards first one or two sentences of the Introduction. Establish the context by providing a brief and american education essay, balanced review of the pertinent published literature that is available on the subject. Tips! The key is to american education week summarize (for the reader) what we knew about the specific problem before you did your experiments or studies. This is accomplished with a general review of the primary research literature (with citations) but should not include very specific, lengthy explanations that you will probably discuss in resume plastic cards, greater detail later in american essay, the Discussion. How To Write Invites! The judgment of what is general or specific is difficult at education week essay first, but with practice and reading of the scientific literature you will develop e firmer sense of your audience. In the mouse behavior paper, for example, you would begin the Introduction at the level of mating behavior in general, then quickly focus to mouse mating behaviors and then hormonal regulation of behavior.
Lead the reader to your statement of essay on apple computers purpose/hypothesis by focusing your literature review from the more general context (the big picture e.g., hormonal modulation of education week behaviors) to the more specific topic of essay on apple computers interest to you (e.g., role/effects of reproductive hormones, especially estrogen, in modulating specific sexual behaviors of american education mice.) What literature should you look for resume cards, in your review of what we know about the problem? Focus your efforts on the primary research journals - the education journals that publish original research articles. Although you may read some general background references (encyclopedias, textbooks, lab manuals, style manuals, etc.) to get yourself acquainted with the subject area, do not cite these, becasue they contain information that is considered fundamental or common knowledge wqithin the how to write discipline. Education Week! Cite, instead, articles that reported specific results relevant to your study.
Learn, as soon as possible, how to find the primary literature (research journals) and review articles rather than depending on reference books. Resume Plastic! The articles listed in the Literature Cited of relevant papers you find are a good starting point to move backwards in a line of inquiry. Most academic libraries support the Citation Index - an american education, index which is useful for tracking a line of inquiry forward in time. Some of the newer search engines will actually send you alerts of essay new papers that cite particular articles of education week essay interest to you. Essay On Apple Computers! Review articles are particularly useful because they summarize all the research done on a narrow subject area over a brief period of time (a year to a few years in most cases). Be sure to clearly state the american education purpose and /or hypothesis that you investigated. When you are first learning to write in this format it is okay, and actually preferable, to use a pat statement like, The purpose of this study was to. or We investigated three possible mechanisms to explain the . (1) blah, blah..(2) etc. It is most usual to place the font statement of purpose near the american essay end of the Introduction, often as the topic sentence of the final paragraph. It is not necessary (or even desirable) to use the words hypothesis or null hypothesis, since these are usually implicit if you clearly state your purpose and expectations. Provide a clear statement of the rationale for your approach to the problem studied.
For example: State briefly how you approached the problem (e.g., you studied oxidative respiration pathways in isolated mitochondria of cauliflower). This will usually follow your statement of purpose in the last paragraph of the Introduction. Why did you choose this kind of experiment or experimental design? What are the scientific merits of this particular model system? What advantages does it confer in answering the particular question(s) you are posing? Do not discuss here the thesis help tennessee actual techniques or protocols used in your study (this will be done in american education week, the Materials and papers, Methods); your readers will be quite familiar with the usual techniques and approaches used in american education week, your field. If you are using a novel (new, revolutionary, never used before) technique or methodology, the merits of the new technique/method versus the previously used methods should be presented in font, the Introduction. This section is variously called Methods or Methods and Materials . 1. American Week Essay! Function : In this section you explain clearly how you carried out your study in essay, the following general structure and american education, organization (details follow below): the the essay organism(s) studied (plant, animal, human, etc.) and, when relevant, their pre-experiment handling and education week, care, and when and where the study was carried out ( only if location and time are important factors); note that the buy college papers term subject is used ONLY for human studies. American! if you did a field study , provide a description of the study site , including the significant physical and biological features, and the precise location (latitude and longitude, map, etc); the experimental OR sampling design (i.e., how the experiment or study was structured. For example, controls, treatments, what variable(s) were measured, how many samples were collected, replication, the final form of the data, etc.); the protocol for computers, collecting data , i.e., how the experimental procedures were carried out, and, how the data were analyzed (qualitative analyses and/or statistical procedures used to determine significance, data transformations used, what probability was used to decide significance, etc). Organize your presentation so your reader will understand the american education essay logical flow of the buy college papers experiment(s); subheadings work well for this purpose. Each experiment or procedure should be presented as a unit, even if it was broken up over education week time.
The experimental design and procedure are sometimes most efficiently presented as an integrated unit, because otherwise it would be difficult to papers split them up. In general, provide enough quantitative detail (how much, how long, when, etc.) about your experimental protocol such that other scientists could reproduce your experiments. Education! You should also indicate the how to write a statistical report example statistical procedures used to analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance (usually at essay 0.05 probability). 2. Style : The style in buy college essay papers, this section should read as if you were verbally describing the education conduct of the experiment. You may use the active voice to a certain extent, although this section requires more use of third person, passive constructions than others. Avoid use of the first person in this section. Remember to use the past tense throughout - the work being reported is done, and essay computers, was performed in the past, not the future. Education! The Methods section is not a step-by-step, directive, protocol as you might see in invites, your lab manual. Describe the organism(s) used in the study. This includes giving the (1) source (supplier or where and week essay, how the orgranisms were collected), (2) typical size (weight, length, etc) , (3) how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, (4) how they were handled, fed, and housed during the resume font experiment.
In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. For some studies, age may be an important factor. For example, did you use mouse pups or adults? Seedlings or mature plants? FOR FIELD STUDIES ONLY : Describe the education site where your field study was conducted. The description must include both physical and biological characteristics of the papers site pertinant to the study aims. Include the date(s) of the american education week study (e.g., 10-15 April 1994) and the exact location of the study area. Location data must be as precise as possible: Grover Nature Preserve, ½ mi SW Grover, Maine rather than Grover Nature Preserve or Grover.
When possible, give the actual latitude and longitude position of the site: these can be obtained using handheld GPS units, OR, from web resources such as Google Earth( TM ) and MapQuest( TM ). Resume Plastic Cards! It is often a good idea to american education essay include a map (labeled as a Figure) showing the study location in relation to some larger more recognizable geographic area. Someone else should be able to how to a statistical report example go to the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area. NOTE: For laboratory studies you need not report the date and location of the study UNLESS it is necessary information for someone to have who might wish to repeat your work or use the american same facility. Most often it is not . If you have performed experiments at a particular location or lab because it is the only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in help tennessee, your methods and education week essay, identify the lab or facility. Describe your experimental design clearly. Be sure to include the hypotheses you tested, controls , treatments , variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured , what form the how to write data take, etc. Always identify treatments by week, the variable or treatment name, NOT by an ambiguous, generic name or number (e.g., use 2.5% NaCl rather than test 1.) When your paper includes more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize your presentation by experiment. A general experimental design worksheet is tips font, available to help plan your experiments in the core courses.
Describe the procedures for your study in sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat your work to verify your findings. Foremost in your description should be the american essay quantitative aspects of your study - the essay on apple masses, volumes, incubation times, concentrations, etc., that another scientist needs in order to education essay duplicate your experiment. When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures (e.g., serial dilution) or equipment used (e.g., autopipetter) since other scientists will likely be familiar with them already. You may want to identify certain types of equipment by vendor name and brand or category (e.g., ultracentrifuge vs. Buy College Essay Papers! prep centrifuge), particularly if they are not commonly found in essay, most labs. It is appropriate to report, parenthetically, the source (vendor) and catalog number for reagents used, e.g., . poly-L-lysine (Sigma #1309) . When using a method described in another published source, you can save time and words by resume tips font, providing the education essay relevant citation to the source. How To Write Report! Always make sure to describe any modifications you have made of a standard or published method. NOTE : Very frequently the experimental design and data collection procedures for an experiment cannot be separated and must be integrated together. American Education Essay! If you find yourself repeating lots of information about the experimental design when describing the data collection procedure(s), likely you can combine them and be more concise. NOTE : Although tempting, DO NOT say that you recorded the data , i.e., in invites, your lab notebook, in the Methods description. American Education Week! Of course you did , because that is what all good scientists do, and plastic, it is a given that you recorded your measurements and observations.
Describe how the data were summarized and analyzed. Here you will indicate what types of descriptive statistics were used and which analyses (usually hypothesis tests) were employed to answer each of the questions or hypotheses tested and american education week essay, determine statistical siginifcance. The information should include: Statistical software used : Sometimes it is necessary to report which statistical software you used; this would be at resume plastic cards the discretion of your instructor or the journal; how the data were summarized (Means, percent, etc) and how you are reporting measures of variability (SD,SEM, 95% CI, etc) this lets you avoid having to repeatedly indicate you are using mean ± SD or SEM. which data transformations were used(e.g., to correct for normal distribution or equalize variances); statistical tests used with reference to american week the particular questions, or kinds of questions, they address. For example, A Paired t-test was used to compare mean flight duration before and after applying stablizers to the glider's wings. One way ANOVA was used to compare mean weight gain in weight-matched calves fed the how to write report example three different rations. Comparisons among the three pH treatment groups for each variable were done using one way ANOVA (with Tukey's post hoc test) or a Kruskal-Wallis Test (with Dunn's post hoc test).
any other numerical (e.g., normalizing data) or graphical techniques used to analyze the data what probability ( a priori ) was used to decide significance ; usually reported as the Greek symbol alpha. NOTE: You DO NOT need to say that you made graphs and tables. Here is some additional advice on particular problems common to new scientific writers. Problem : The Methods section is prone to being wordy or overly detailed. Avoid repeatedly using a single sentence to relate a single action ; this results in very lengthy, wordy passages. A related sequence of actions can be combined into one sentence to improve clarity and readability: Problematic Example : This is american, a very long and wordy description of how to example a common, simple procedure. It is characterized by single actions per sentence and lots of unnecessary details. The petri dish was placed on the turntable.
The lid was then raised slightly. An inoculating loop was used to transfer culture to education essay the agar surface. Thesis Help Nashville! The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. The loop was moved lightly back and forth over the agar to spread the american education week culture. The bacteria were then incubated at essay on apple computers 37 C for american education, 24 hr. Improved Example : Same actions, but all the important information is font, given in a single, concise sentence. Note that superfluous detail and otherwise obvious information has been deleted while important missing information was added. Each plate was placed on a turntable and streaked at opposing angles with fresh overnight E. coli culture using an inoculating loop. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for american education week, 24 hr. Best: Here the author assumes the reader has basic knowledge of microbiological techniques and has deleted other superfluous information. The two sentences have been combined because they are related actions.
Each plate was streaked with fresh overnight E. coli culture and incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Problem : Avoid using ambiguous terms to identify controls or treatments, or other study parameters that require specific identifiers to be clearly understood. Designators such as Tube 1, Tube 2, or Site 1 and Site 2 are completely meaningless out of context and difficult to follow in context. Problematic example : In this example the help nashville tennessee reader will have no clue as to essay what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods. A Spec 20 was used to measure A 600 of Tubes 1,2, and 3 immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and every 2 min. thereafter until the DCIP was completely reduced. Tube 4's A 600 was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the experiment. Improved example: Notice how the plastic substitution ( in american, red ) of treatment and control identifiers clarifies the passage both in on apple, the context of the education week paper, and if taken out of write context.
A Spec 20 was used to measure A 600 of the education reaction mixtures exposed to light intensities of 1500, 750, and 350 uE/m2/sec immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and buy college essay, every 2 min. thereafter until the DCIP was completely reduced. The A 600 of the no-light control was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the experiment. 1. Function : The function of the Results section is to objectively present your key results, without interpretation, in an orderly and logical sequence using both text and illustrative materials (Tables and Figures). The results section always begins with text, reporting the american education essay key results and referring to tips your figures and tables as you proceed. Summaries of the statistical analyses may appear either in the text (usually parenthetically) or in the relevant Tables or Figures (in the legend or as footnotes to american education the Table or Figure). The Results section should be organized around Tables and/or Figures that should be sequenced to essay on apple present your key findings in a logical order. The text of the Results section should be crafted to follow this sequence and highlight the week essay evidence needed to essay answer the questions/hypotheses you investigated. Important negative results should be reported, too. Authors usually write the text of the results section based upon the sequence of american education week essay Tables and Figures. 2. Style : Write the text of the Results section concisely and objectively.
The passive voice will likely dominate here, but use the cards active voice as much as possible. Use the past tense . Week! Avoid repetitive paragraph structures. Do not interpret the on apple computers data here. The transition into interpretive language can be a slippery slope. Consider the following two examples:
This example highlights the trend/difference that the author wants the reader to focus: The duration of exposure to running water had a pronounced effect on cumulative seed germination percentages (Fig. 2). Education Week! Seeds exposed to the 2-day treatment had the highest cumulative germination (84%), 1.25 times that of the 12-h or 5-day groups and 4 times that of controls. In contrast, this example strays subtly into interpretation by on apple computers, referring to optimality (a conceptual model) and tieing the observed result to that idea: The results of the education essay germination experiment (Fig.
2) suggest that the optimal time for running-water treatment is 2 days. This group showed the highest cumulative germination (84%), with longer (5 d) or shorter (12 h) exposures producing smaller gains in germination when compared to the control group. Things to consider as you write your Results section: What are the results? : When you pose a testable hypothesis that can be answered experimentally, or ask a question that can be answered by collecting samples, you accumulate observations about those organisms or phenomena. Those observations are then analyzed to yield an answer to the question. How To Write A Statistical! In general, the answer is the key result. The above statements apply regardless of the complexity of the analysis you employ. So, in an introductory course your analysis may consist of visual inspection of figures and simple calculations of means and standard deviations; in a later course you may be expected to apply and interpret a variety of statistical tests.
You instructor will tell you the level of week analysis that is expected. For example, suppose you asked the question, Is the average height of male students the same as female students in nashville tennessee, a pool of randomly selected Biology majors ? You would first collect height data from american week large random samples of male and resume tips font, female students. You would then calculate the descriptive statistics for those samples (mean, SD, n, range, etc) and plot these numbers. In a course where statistical tests are not employed, you would visually inspect these plots. Suppose you found that male Biology majors are, on education week average, 12.5 cm taller than female majors; this is the resume answer to the question. Notice that the essay outcome of a statistical analysis is not a key result, but rather an analytical tool that helps us understand what is our key result. Differences, directionality, and magnitude : Report your results so as to provide as much information as possible to the reader about the nature of differences or relationships. For eaxmple, if you testing for differences among groups, and you find a significant difference, it is not sufficient to simply report that groups A and B were significantly different. How are they different? How much are they different?
It is much more informative to say something like, Group A individuals were 23% larger than those in how to write, Group B, or, Group B pups gained weight at twice the rate of Group A pups. Report the direction of differences (greater, larger, smaller, etc) and the magnitude of differences (% difference, how many times, etc.) whenever possible. See also below about use of the word significant. Organize the results section based on essay the sequence of Table and computers, Figures you'll include. Prepare the Tables and Figures as soon as all the data are analyzed and essay, arrange them in tips font, the sequence that best presents your findings in a logical way. Week! A good strategy is to note, on a draft of each Table or Figure, the one or two key results you want to addess in the text portion of the Results. Simple rules to buy college papers follow related to american week essay Tables and Figures: Tables and Figures are assigned numbers separately and in essay papers, the sequence that you will refer to them from the text. The first Table you refer to week essay is Table 1, the next Table 2 and thesis nashville, so forth.
Similarly, the first Figure is Figure 1, the american week essay next Figure 2, etc. Each Table or Figure must include a brief description of the results being presented and buy college papers, other necessary information in a legend. Table legends go above the Table ; tables are read from top to bottom. Figure legends go below the figure ; figures are usually viewed from bottom to top. Fig. Education Essay! 1 . Table is never abbreviated, e.g., Table 1 . The body of the Results section is resume, a text-based presentation of the key findings which includes references to each of the Tables and Figures. The text should guide the reader through your results stressing the american week key results which provide the answers to the question(s) investigated. A major function of the text is to provide clarifying information. You must refer to each Table and/or Figure individually and in sequence (see numbering sequence), and clearly indicate for the reader the key results that each conveys.
Key results depend on your questions, they might include obvious trends, important differences, similarities, correlations, maximums, minimums, etc. Some problems to avoid : Do not reiterate each value from a Figure or Table - only the key result or trends that each conveys. Do not present the font same data in both a Table and american essay, Figure - this is considered redundant and a waste of buy college essay space and energy. American Education Week! Decide which format best shows the result and go with it. Do not report raw data values when they can be summarized as means, percents, etc. Statistical test summaries (test name, p- value) are usually reported parenthetically in how to report example, conjunction with the biological results they support. Always report your results with parenthetical reference to the statistical conclusion that supports your finding (if statistical tests are being used in your course). This parenthetical reference should include the statistical test used and the level of significance (test statistic and DF are optional).
For example, if you found that the mean height of male Biology majors was significantly larger than that of female Biology majors, you might report this result (in blue) and your statistical conclusion (shown in red) as follows: Males (180.5 ± 5.1 cm; n=34) averaged 12.5 cm taller than females (168 ± 7.6 cm; n=34) in essay, the AY 1995 pool of Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001) . If the cards summary statistics are shown in a figure, the sentence above need not report them specifically, but must include a reference to essay the figure where they may be seen: Males averaged 12.5 cm taller than females in resume tips font, the AY 1995 pool of Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001; Fig. 1) . Note that the american essay report of the key result (shown in blue) would be identical in a paper written for a course in which statistical testing is not employed - the section shown in red would simply not appear except reference to the figure. Avoid devoting whole sentences to report a statistical outcome alone. Use and over-use of the plastic word significant : Your results will read much more cleanly if you avoid overuse of the word siginifcant in any of american essay its forms. In scientific studies, the use of this word implies that a statistical test was employed to make a decision about the data; in this case the essay on apple computers test indicated a larger difference in mean heights than you would expect to get by chance alone. Limit the use of the word significant to this purpose only. If your parenthetical statistical information includes a p-value that indicates significance (usually when p 0.05), it is unncecssary (and redundant ) to use the word significant in the body of the sentence (see example above) because we all interpret the p-value the american essay same way. Likewise, when you report that one group mean is somehow different from resume tips font another (larger, smaller, increased, decreased, etc), it will be understood by your reader that you have tested this and found the difference to be statisticallysignificant, especially if you also report a p-value 0.05. Present the education results of your experiment(s) in a sequence that will logically support (or provide evidence against) the hypothesis, or answer the write example question, stated in the Introduction.
For example, in reporting a study of the effect of an experimental diet on the skeletal mass of the week essay rat, consider first giving the data on skeletal mass for resume, the rats fed the control diet and then give the american education week essay data for the rats fed the experimental diet. Report negative results - they are important! If you did not get the anticipated results, it may mean your hypothesis was incorrect and needs to be reformulated, or perhaps you have stumbled onto something unexpected that warrants further study. Moreover, the absence of an thesis help nashville tennessee, effect may be very telling in many situations. In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis.
Do not fall into the trap of thinking that results contrary to what you expected are necessarily bad data. If you carried out the work well, they are simply your results and need interpretation. Many important discoveries can be traced to bad data. Always enter the appropriate units when reporting data or summary statistics. for an individual value you would write, the mean length was 10 m , or, the maximum time was 140 min. When including a measure of variability, place the unit after the error value, e.g., . was 10 ± 2.3 m . Likewise place the week unit after the last in a series of numbers all having the same unit. For example: lengths of 5, 10, 15, and 20 m , or no differences were observed after 2, 4, 6, or 8 min. of incubation . 1. Function : The function of the Discussion is to font interpret your results in light of what was already known about the subject of the investigation, and to explain our new understanding of the problem after taking your results into consideration. American Week Essay! The Discussion will always connect to the Introduction by way of the question(s) or hypotheses you posed and the literature you cited, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the Introduction. Instead, it tells how your study has moved us forward from the place you left us at the end of the Introduction. Fundamental questions to answer here include: Do your results provide answers to your testable hypotheses?
If so, how do you interpret your findings? Do your findings agree with what others have shown? If not, do they suggest an alternative explanation or perhaps a unforseen design flaw in your experiment (or theirs?) Given your conclusions, what is our new understanding of the problem you investigated and outlined in tips font, the Introduction? If warranted, what would be the next step in your study, e.g., what experiments would you do next? 2. Style : Use the active voice whenever possible in this section. Watch out for wordy phrases; be concise and make your points clearly. Use of the week essay first person is okay, but too much use of the first person may actually distract the reader from the main points. 3. Approach : Organize the Discussion to address each of the resume font experiments or studies for which you presented results; discuss each in the same sequence as presented in the Results, providing your interpretation of what they mean in the larger context of the problem.
Do not waste entire sentences restating your results; if you need to remind the reader of the result to be discussed, use bridge sentences that relate the result to american the interpretation: The slow response of the lead-exposed neurons relative to controls suggests that. Thesis! [ interpretation ]. You will necessarily make reference to the findings of others in order to support your interpretations.Use subheadings, if need be, to help organize your presentation. Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a result for an interpretation, and make sure that no new results are presented here that rightly belong in the results. You must relate your work to the findings of other studies - including previous studies you may have done and those of other investigators. As stated previously, you may find crucial information in someone else's study that helps you interpret your own data, or perhaps you will be able to reinterpret others' findings in light of yours. In either case you should discuss reasons for similarities and differences between yours and others' findings. Education Week Essay! Consider how the results of other studies may be combined with yours to derive a new or perhaps better substantiated understanding of the problem.
Be sure to state the conclusions that can be drawn from cards your results in light of these considerations. You may also choose to briefly mention further studies you would do to clarify your working hypotheses. Make sure to reference any outside sources as shown in the Introduction section. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (include as needed) | FAQs | If, in your experiment, you received any significant help in thinking up, designing, or carrying out the work, or received materials from american education week someone who did you a favor by resume, supplying them, you must acknowledge their assistance and the service or material provided. Authors always acknowledge outside reviewers of their drafts (in PI courses, this would be done only if an instructor or other individual critiqued the draft prior to american week essay evaluation) and any sources of funding that supported the how to write research. Although usual style requirements (e.g., 1st person, objectivity) are relaxed somewhat here, Acknowledgments are always brief and never flowery. Place the Acknowledgments between the Discussion and the Literature Cited. 1. Function : The Literature Cited section gives an week essay, alphabetical listing (by first author's last name) of the essay on apple computers references that you actually cited in the body of your paper. Education Week! Instructions for writing full citations for various sources are given in on separate page. A complete format list for virtually all types of buy college papers publication may be found in Huth and others(1994) . NOTE : Do not label this section Bibliography . A bibliography contains references that you may have read but have not specifically cited in the text.
Bibliography sections are found in books and american education essay, other literary writing, but not scientific journal-style papers. Function : An Appendix contains information that is non-essential to understanding of the paper, but may present information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the presentation. An appendix is an optional part of the paper, and is only rarely found in published papers. Headings : Each Appendix should be identified by a Roman numeral in sequence, e.g., Appendix I, Appendix II, etc. Each appendix should contain different material. Some examples of material that might be put in an appendix (not an exhaustive list) : raw data maps (foldout type especially) extra photographs explanation of formulas, either already known ones, or especially if you have invented some statistical or other mathematical procedures for data analysis. specialized computer programs for a particular procedure full generic names of chemicals or compounds that you have referred to in somewhat abbreviated fashion or by some common name in the text of your paper. How To Invites! diagrams of specialized apparati. Figures and Tables in Appendices. Figures and Tables are often found in an appendix. These should be formatted as discussed previously (see Tables and american week, Figures), but are numbered in a separate sequence from those found in the body of the paper. So, the first Figure in the appendix would be Figure 1, the first Table would be Table 1, and so forth.
In situations when multiple appendices are used, the Table and Figure numbering must indicate the appendix number as well (see Huth and others, 1994). Department of thesis help nashville Biology, Bates College, Lewiston, ME 04240.