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How To Write A Graduate Thesis
Army Crew Team Case Study - Team Building Essay. Jane Blatz; Zachary Brado; Adam Medwetsky; David Cooper; Burhan Saiyed; Tian Wang. The Army’s Varsity Crew team was not a true team. They were merely eight star athletes, with no cohesion or team chemistry, thrown together. The players and positions were selected strictly on physical strength and capabilities. This completely contradicts the thesis, views show more content Coach P. put too much emphasis on the individual members for debates topics, each rower. Master Coaches report that psychological factors are the most important component of graduate great teams, and Coach P. didn’t emphasize this aspect enough.
The Varsity team is made up of the top rowers compared individually, with each compared against each other, through “seat racing.” This is not how the rowing teams actually perform. Coach P. should have utilized more team-based trials to include variable intangibles like team cohesion and team leadership. Once the Junior Varsity team started beating the Varsity team regularly, Coach P. had a dilemma. If he switches the JV team to be the Varsity team, he has the 8 weakest rowers on the Varsity team. This is no way to pick a team. And Restore? When testing, Coach P. saw that adding Varsity players to the JV squad made the team faster, so the JV squad was not ideal when left alone.
Despite this, they did beat the Varsity squad many times, so it is clear that the graduate thesis writing, Varsity squad is yet slower, though it isn’t for lack of talent. Essay European? Thus, Coach P. should have first reformulated the Varsity squad, adding Essay on Army Crew Varsity Team Case Study Analysis. Army Crew Team Case Study Analysis As a student of the Leading Teams in Organizations class at writing Lipscomb University, I’m required to answer questions regarding the Harvard Business School Case titled “The Army Crew Team”. The case write-up describes a coach’s dilemma regarding an underperforming Varsity Crew team. The Varsity team is consistently losing to the Junior Varsity (JV) team forcing its coach to consider taking drastic actions four days before the National championship. The coach is considering Analysis for the Army Crew Team Essay. Pros: it is safety to keep the stability of the team before the Nationals and papers essays on culture, it is a good way to promote the team responsibilities of the team members.
Cons: some team members may get used to the problems in the team and the contradictions among the members and no team leaders may have a negative effect on the team. 3. Hold a meeting among all team members and coaches to graduate, communicate honestly and openly in order to on protection on environment, find and graduate, solve the problems especially the problem among the several Case Study 13: Leading Effecctive Teams Essays. emotional interpretations out of your explanation to Elizabeth and just give her the facts as you know them and then go on to give her the employees’ perspectives of what they see going from the complaints, concerns and questions you have received from the ap european european, team. I would not interpret the employees perspectives, as an graduate objective person, Elizabeth needs to be able to form her own opinions. It is very important that while you are explaining to Elizabeth the concerns that you have, that you do not attack The corporate social responsibility element of volunteering also contributes tremendously to teambuilding by assigning teams to accomplish tasks which cannot be completed by individuals alone but rather accomplished by resume and restore working and relying on fellow team members. Thesis Writing? Also, team members feel proud that they are helping out in the community while at the same time getting to know each other outside of the workplace. Library Proposal? All correct! Employees like to work for companies that do good things, don’t they? And, since Essay about graduate thesis, Effective Team Building. Essay on Ilm M3.11 Building the Team. Essay On Environment? be provided efficiently and effectively.
Each member of the team has a purpose and a function within that team, so the overall success depends on a functional interdependency. There is writing usually not as much room for conflict when working as a team. Letter Aid? The team also does not rely on groupthink to arrive at its conclusions. Graduate? There are many theories on the ways that group form and become efficient and effective teams. One of the best-known team development theories was first developed by Bruce Tuckman in Essay about Case Study 8.1: His Team Gets the Best Assignments. The result of these team members going the extra mile is that Carly, in turn, does more for and restore, them. Jack and graduate thesis, Carly’s relationship is clearly in the phase three “partnership” of leadership making. Terri and Julie, claim that their teams perform well for the agency and hence, it’s clearly unfair for Carly to be biased towards Jack’s team. Terri’s and Julie’s relationship with Carly appears to be in the Phase 2 “acquaintance” of the leadership making. Debates Essay Topics? The quality of thesis leader member exchange matters most Building and Using Good Teams in the Workplace Essay. help to build trust within the proposal, team, and reduce conflict in the work place.
All of these factors will help to improve employee productivity within any given workplace. Using Teams Building a team and using a team are uniquely different from writing one another. Team building focuses on the formation of the team, while team use concentrates on the function of the essay on protection, team. Perhaps the writing, most difficult aspect of using a team is first developing a culture of teamwork within the team. From childhood to adults, Americans Essay about Effective Communication and Team Building Efforts.
Despite the leaders’ best efforts to present the thesis proposal, organizational changes in a positive way, they might encounter some challenges and resistance within team members because every team members might not perceive the organizational change the same way. Graduate Thesis Writing? As a result, the term on culture, leader has to actively involving the team members who resist change by incorporating some of their input and feedback in the change process. Thesis? This will help reduce their resistance, according to Dianna (2006). Application of Change Theory Building the Ultimate Team in Fifa 14 Essay. Building a good team on papers essays on culture Ultimate team in Fifa 14 is something that many people don’t know how to do. First of all, what is graduate thesis Fifa 14? Fifa 14 was created by topics Electronics Arts, and was released in late 2013 for all game consoles. It is a game that revolves around soccer, and allows the player to play as their favorite real life players or teams on graduate thesis a video game.
In this game there are many different game modes one can play either online or offline. The most popular game mode is on environment Fifa Ultimate team, which
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Seeing Oedipus Rex: Using the Chorus to Understand the Tragedy. Oedipus? Isn't he the one with the complex? That's not an unusual response from students when I bring up the Greek tragedy Oedipus Rex . This year, I want to prepare a group of students to see the work from a different viewpointnamely the graduate writing Greek viewpoint; and we'll do that by looking at essay on protection on environment the tragedy from the point-of-view of the chorus. Most people assume that students in most AP classes get it more easily than in graduate writing most other general education classes. While this may be true for some students, many students struggle in my AP Language and Literature class. Students are often in these classes because they are motivated and they do the term on culture work, but this doesn't always mean that they have the skills to analyze literature. It is often the thesis first time students have had to do this, rather than just following along with the plot. It can also be a struggle to resume and restore, notice symbolism, themes, and thesis other literary devices writers use to deliver their messages. Students may become frustrated with an author's diction or the use of topics, symbolic language that sometimes purposely obscures the message. That said, most AP students are excited at the prospect of gaining the skills required to graduate thesis, analyze literature because they will need them to be able to pass the AP exam at the end of the year.
At the end of the first semester in AP Language and Literature, students read the play Oedipus Rex by the Greek tragedian Sophocles. Oedipus Rex is an outstanding example of a Greek tragedy, a genre that many of my students are unfamiliar with. Throughout the year we work on characterization, the use of literary devices and their purpose in diverse texts, and analytical essay writing, among other skills. Because Oedipus Rex is the third text we look at in the year, students have had some practice in cover letter honing these skills, but are still struggling to read more deeply than the plot action. The main challenge for my AP Literature students when reading Oedipus Rex is the chorus. The verses that make up the chorus are fairly densely worded and difficult to understand, and sometimes I get the feeling that students think of the writing chorus almost like a side noteone they don't really have to pay attention to in order to get the drift of the story. Term Papers? The chorus doesn't always follow the plot, and graduate thesis so students have a hard time keeping track of what it is talking about. European? It's almost impossible to get my students to find meaning in it on their own, and in the past they've needed to have it spoon-fed to them. In this unit I'm attempting to teach the text Oedipus Rex by focusing mainly on the chorus and by teaching students about the incredibly important function of the chorus in classic Greek tragedy. We will use images of the Greek theatre as well as stills and clips from graduate thesis, productions of Oedipus Rex to examine the role and function of the chorus in the tragedy.
We will also compare and contrast the ancient Greek chorus with a modern equivalent: the Broadway musical. My AP Literature is a class of 32 students at Oceana High School in Pacifica, California. It's a small high school of around 650 students, and essay topics our staff is thesis writing, a supportive and collaborative group. For some reason, our school is not generally subjected to district curriculum demands, so we have the freedom to library thesis proposal, make our own, keeping a close eye on standards and the Common Core, of course. OHS is graduate, structured on a block schedule with three 100-minute classes each day. I see my classes every other day, and that fact may affect the way I plan and lay out classroom activities.
I get to know many of the students I have in AP Literature the year before, in an advisory class. I therefore know them fairly well before I teach them in AP. This will be the first AP class for all of them, and I know that many of them are fairly well-prepared because of our strong Humanities program. My AP students are like many other classes, however. Some of them like to speak up in class, and some are extremely quiet.
This is understandable because many students are intimidated by an AP class as well as self-conscious about their own ideas. My challenge will be to achieve a balance for both types of students so that everyone's voice is heard and debates topics even the shy students become used to sharing ideas. In ancient Greece, the chorus was a very important part of Greek tragedies, if not the thesis writing most important part. Daniels and Scully, authors of What is cover, Really Going on in Sophocles' Theban Plays , say that no feature of thesis writing, Greek tragedy is debates, more intractable than the chorus. 1 Students need to know and understand why this is. It's not something that translates to students simply by reading the text. If students are able to understand the importance of the chorus before they even begin reading, they will be more engaged as they read. This will lead to better understanding of the meaning of the graduate thesis writing chorus, which is essential to and restore, interpreting the text.
I want to focus this unit almost entirely on graduate, the role and function of the chorus as well as the message it gives the reader (or viewer) throughout the drama. This is an important way to on environment, read (or view) a tragedy, especially nowadays, because we interpret it very differently from the way in which the ancient Greeks did. For ancient Greeks, unlike my students, the chorus' role was an obvious one, and graduate thesis writing although the language was always in a formal dialect, it wasn't difficult to understand the chorus' message. Resume? 2. I have found that my students like looking at images in thesis writing my classes, be they video, photos, paintings or cartoons. Even my most chaotic after-lunch class can pay rapt attention as soon as there is a video or a picture up on my document camera.
I think it's important to take advantage of their engagement with almost anything visual and and restore use images in my unit to engage my students. I'll be using paintings of scenes in Greek tragedies as well as production stills in order to thesis writing, help students visualize the play instead of simply reading it. One of the issues for students that keeps them from gleefully jumping headfirst into the text is the form of the essay on protection on environment chorus. Because the chorus (and the whole play for that matter; the chorus, however, is more obscure) is written in verse, sometimes students struggle with its meaning. If students know the structure of the chorus and graduate thesis the conventions of the chorus and Greek theatre in general, the term papers purpose and the meaning will be easier to understand. Definitions of words like strophe and antistrophe that will also help them understand form and function. Students complain that it's difficult for them to relate to the issues that Oedipus faces. Additionally, because this play was written and performed starting all the way back in writing the sixth century BCE, it can be understandably difficult for ap european questions european history, students to imagine seeing it live.
This can be difficult even for scholars, simply because we don't have a lot of graduate thesis writing, evidence to draw from. It is also difficult to disconnect students from their prior knowledge of Oedipus Rex , which can sometimes get in the way of seeing what's going on in the play. Essay Topics? William Moebius quoted Gombrich in saying, we are all inclined to judge pictures by what we know rather than what we see. 3 Throughout this unit I will be using strategies and thesis writing activities to encourage students to do close reading of the text and let go of previous notions of the tragedy Oedipus Rex . We do know quite a bit about how plays were staged and what happened on the stage, and it's important for students to resume, be able to connect it with something they have experience with. Thesis? To this end, I've been told by an expert in the field, Joe Roach, that choruses from Broadway musicals have a lot in common with the chorus in Greek tragedies, mainly in library proposal their look and thesis writing actions; specifically the song Oklahoma! in the musical Oklahoma ! 4 is very much how a chorus would look and behave. 5 Analyzing that performance and then comparing and contrasting it with the chorus from Oedipus will give students a frame of reference to papers, come back to over and over, as well as a way to start imagining what a Greek tragedy would look like, a process that is key to graduate thesis writing, understanding the message.
My objective in teaching this unit is to essays on culture, give students a solid understanding of the role and function of the graduate chorus in Oedipus Rex . Library Thesis? I want them to be able to thesis writing, discuss the story and the messages therein and be able to analyze the differences in cover letter the ways in which we read and interpret the play and the ways in which it was interpreted by ancient Greeks. Before any discussion can happen, students need to understand the chorus and its role and meaning. Graduate Thesis Writing? My hope is on environment, that once they have more background information as well as the chance to compare and contrast ancient and modern choruses, each one of them will have a platform to start a discussion from. Part of this discussion should be focused on looking at the play from the viewpoint of the graduate thesis ancient Greeks. This objective is important for students because there are many ways to library, view this play, and I want them to be able to look for more than just one way to interpret it. Although the AP exam is what we are ostensibly preparing for, I believe that looking at the text from different points of view will prepare them for college. I also want students to be able to use this background knowledge and writing the class discussions to resume, be able to analyze the play in essay form. A big part of the AP Literature course is timed writing in preparation for graduate thesis, the AP exam at the end of the year, so I want students to practice timed writes as well as other writing strategies. There are also Common Core Standards, as well as goals provided by the College Board's AP English Literature Course Descriptions, that this unit will address. (See appendix.)
Tragic drama began in Athens, Greece, in the sixth century BCE. 6 Performances of tragedies were a special occasion and always were planned to take place on library thesis, festival days celebrating the Greek god Dionysus; these performances, however, were not religious. 7 A tragedy is always written in verse. 8 The performances were competitions between three playwrights, and each playwright would commonly enter four plays. These plays didn't need to graduate, relate to aid, one another in any way, except that they all had to be tragedies. Sophocles won second-place when he wrote and produced Oedipus Rex . 9 It's difficult to believe that there was a tragedy better than his in the running, but that brings up an important point.
There is evidence that thousands of tragedies were written, but we have manuscripts for only thirty-two in existence today. These tragedies have been widely read and performed over the last two thousand years. 10 This information will show students the stark contrast of ancient Greek tragedy to writing, our modern day understanding of ap european essay european history, theatre and its purpose. The amphitheater (called a theatron ) that the graduate thesis tragedies were performed in was enormous. Evidence shows that up to and restore, fifteen thousand people could be seated in the theatre. 11 This doesn't seem like a large capacity compared to graduate thesis writing, our sports stadiums that can hold upwards of 50,000 people, but it's important to remember that Greeks didn't have the ability to amplify or project sound and pictures, except through natural acoustics. It is hard to know exactly what these theaters looked like in the sixth century BC because many of the original ruins were covered up when later theaters were built on essay questions history, top of them. Thesis Writing? The stage was a circle about twenty meters in diameter (about sixty-five feet), 12 and the seats surrounded the stage on three sides and continued upward and outward.
Although spectators in the upper sections probably couldn't see the actors and chorus very well, if at all, no one had any trouble hearing the actors because of the amazing acoustics. Actors also had to have very strong voices. The word was extremely powerful during the time when rhetoric was born, and term papers on culture this is obvious seeing the Greeks' design of theatres with the priority for was everyone to be able to hear during the plays. The scenery on graduate writing, the stage was very basicoften it was just the stage, which was built with columns and decorated in the Greek style. In Greek theatre, just as in modern theatre, both actors and chorus members wore costumessometimes both were elaborate costumes, and sometimes chorus members wore ordinary Athenian dress. Unlike modern theatre, everyone on stage wore masks that covered the resume and restore whole head.
Scholars aren't sure exactly what the masks' purpose was, but they speculate that it might have been to help male actors play female characters. I would also guess that part of the function was to make the actors' features larger so that people far away could see the writing faces. The costumes had the same purpose that costumes have today; however, that is really the only extravagance in Greek theatre. Library Thesis Proposal? For most of my students, it's almost impossible to imagine watching a play in which there are no special effects, no lights, and practically no scenery. I want them to understand, however, that for the Greeks, this was the graduate writing highest form of entertainment and that most people went to plays and enjoyed them. Ordinary Athenians were often cast in chorus roles, so it could be said that they had a stake in going to see other plays. Often people would remember lines and sing them, just as we sing songs from the ap european questions european radio and even Broadway musicals. We will be looking at images from the nineteenth century that attempt to recreate the stage and costumes of thesis, ancient Greece. Tragedy is a specific type of drama, and it has very specific characteristics.
There could only debates topics, be three actors on the stage at one time, and the chorus was made up of twelve to fifteen people (Sophocles raised the number to fifteen). Only men could act in tragedies (or any Greek performance, for that matter). Tragedies were written in verse, and actors would either say or sing their lines. Thesis? The chorus usually sang and on protection danced between actors' lines. 13 In ancient Greece, the playwright was a choreographer and a composer in addition to being a playwright. He choreographed the dances for the chorus as well as composing the music that the chorus sang. 14 (add citation) Unlike today, when a playwright or a screenwriter will do only the writing and leave the graduate thesis writing music and term papers on culture movement to someone else or more likely to many others, the Greek playwright did all of these jobs, and he did them all at the same time, since the movements and the tempo of the song depended on the words the chorus was singing. The only graduate writing, musical accompaniments were the aulos , which is a double-reeded instrument, 15 and sometimes a harp-type instrument. There were fairly strict rules for writing a tragedy.
All main characters in tragedies had to be nobles, although sometimes they were disguised as beggars or some other unfortunate character. Gods often showed up in papers on culture tragedies, not as physical characters necessarily but sometimes intervening on behalf of a character or criticizing others. The English word tragedy often refers to horrible events; and although this can also be true in graduate thesis Greek tragedies, Oedipus Rex for example, Greek tragedies don't always end sadly, contrary to and restore, popular high school belief. They sometimes have a happy ending, but it's usually after something horrible almost happens, for example, in Euripides' Ion , a mother and son nearly kill each other, but the tragedy is averted at the last minute. Some tragedies, for example, reunite families, as in Euripides' Ion and Iphigenia among the Taurians . 16. The chorus played an integral role in graduate thesis the Greek theatre. The closest translation to essay, the concept of directing a play translates roughly in Greek to teach a chorus. Graduate Thesis Writing? This in itself offers evidence of the essay on protection centrality of the chorus to the drama.
It was the director's job to teach normal Athenians how to sing and dance as members of the chorus, and thesis doing so was probably more work than directing actors who already had some training. In the brief history that I share with students, I will be focusing specifically on the chorus' role in tragedies and even more specifically on its role in Oedipus Rex . The chorus had a few different purposes. One of their jobs was to provide background information that the term on culture spectator would need to know at the beginning of the graduate play. This is library, not the case in Oedipus Rex ; it is actually the priest whose sole function in the play seems to be giving the audience background information. Thesis Writing? The chorus can also function as the library backup singers, in a sense. They often repeat what the actors are saying. The first time we see the chorus in this play, they are calling on the gods to help their poor city and describing just how bad things are in Thebes due to a plague. Although the graduate priest has just told Oedipus practically the same thing, it's the chorus' job to reinforce for the audience the seriousness of the issues in the play.
The chorus also provides opinions and points of view about the action in the play. Daniels and Scully note that the and restore chorus is often on a different plane; differentiated from the specific concerns and incidents of the action. 17 Often the graduate writing chorus may be commenting on something that is happening in the action, but it could also be a comment that doesn't exactly relate to the current actions. A modern-day example to letter, look at is the thesis writing Broadway musical Rent , 18 during which, in some songs, the chorus is not singing about the action at hand, but rather expressing a supporting or sometimes opposing view than that of the lead singers. Papers? The song La Vie Boheme is a good example: in one scene the actors/singers are having dinner together, and the chorus is writing, singing about different people and the different preferences they have. The message the cover letter chorus is sending while the characters are dining and supposedly celebrating, is that people are different, and it's not always easy to get along, but we're all human. This may not be a perfect example, and graduate the content is very different to library, Oedipus Rex , but it helps explain why the graduate thesis writing chorus can be difficult for my high-school students to ap european essay questions history, read and to integrate the messages of the chorus into the rest of the graduate writing action. The chorus did essentially (with a few important differences, of questions, course) what a chorus in a contemporary Broadway musical doessings and dances to music. The chorus stood together on the stage with the other three actors (the most permitted by Greek rules of drama to be on graduate thesis, stage at one time). 19 Usually the chorus was the communal voice, meaning that although there was more than one person singing, they all had the same opinion. The chorus always stayed physically near each other, in the center of the stage, and cover letter when they moved, everyone moved together.
In tragedies there could be one leader who could break away from the group and thesis writing interact directly with characters. The purpose of this character (who is questions, simply titled chorus in the text, as opposed to strophe and antistrophe see below for more information) is to give advice to one of the graduate thesis writing characters. Those are some of the easier lines of the chorus for students to understand because the proposal language is graduate writing, clear and the intent is straightforward. Aside from the leader who interacts with the actors, the chorus is usually structured in what are known as strophic pairs. The first part is called the strophe , and the second part is ap european european history, called the graduate thesis antistrophe . 20 These words in Greek literally mean turn and turn against.
The chorus would dance across the essay topics stage while singing the graduate thesis strophe and aid then turn around and come back across during the antistrophe . Graduate Thesis? This is an interesting part of the play and I wasn't able to debates, find out if there was symbolism for this act, or if it was just to add movement and dance. Some of the time these pairs present different points of view, and this can make it more difficult for students to keep up. I've talked about the graduate thesis writing difficulty for students to understand the messages and point-of-view of the chorus. I want to take a strophic pair and discuss in more detail some of the difficulties students may have. Cover Aid? The first time we hear from the chorus in Oedipus Rex is directly after Creon returns from the god Apollo with Apollo's message about how to save the city of Thebes from plague and ruin: Strophe What is the sweet spoken word of God from the shrine of thesis writing, Pytho rich in gold that has come to glorious Thebes? I am stretched on debates essay topics, the rack of doubt, and terror and trembling hold my heart, O Delian Healer, and I worship full of fears for what doom you will bring to pass, new or renewed in the revolving years. Speak to me, immortal voice, child of golden Hope. Antistrophe First I call on you, Athene, deathless daughter of Zeus, and Artemis, Earth Upholder, who sits in the midst of the market place in the throne which men call Fame, and Phoebus, the Far Shooter, three averters of Fate, come to graduate, us now, if ever before, when ruin rushed upon the state, you drove destruction's flame away out of our land. 21. Students understand that the entire play is written in verse, but the strophic pairs are generally in more flowery and obscure verse than the actors' lines are.
As soon as students see words that they don't know or understand, they begin to resume and restore, lose motivation. The strophe is reacting to the news from Apollo and in some ways foreshadowing the events to come when it says, I am stretched on the rack of doubt, and it then uses words that express fear and foreboding, like terror and trembling and writing full of fears and doom. This may seem quite apparent, but the language is full of term on culture, metaphor and allusion, and this can be difficult for students to understand. The antistrophe is calling on the gods to help them. This presents a problem for thesis writing, students who haven't learned the names and proposal stories of the gods being written about, especially because their myth or story has an impact on the meaning. Why does Sophocles pick these specific gods? If students haven't had the opportunity to learn about Greek myths, they have a harder time making the connections that they need to make in order to understand these messages. Graduate Writing? This strophic pair comes at essay the beginning of the tragedy, but many that come later only increase in difficulty, so it is thesis, apparent that the focus on the chorus is essential. The structure of a tragedy is divided into six parts: exposition, complication, discoveries and reversals, peripeteia , climax and denouement.
Oedipus Rex fits into this structure perfectly, giving it amazing economy in terms of resume, plot and purpose. The structure plays a big role in thesis writing the form of the tragedy, and it's worthwhile to debates topics, look at the summary of the play in terms of this structure. Many tragedies, including Oedipus Rex , are based on traditional legend. Writing? 22 The name translates to Oedipus the King. The Oedipus myth, as it is known, is the basic story that we see in Sophocles' version. Ap European? Different playwrights, however, would add or change certain details, so that audiences in Athens knew the general story before the performance but didn't know exactly how Sophocles would present it, therefore provoking interest. We can easily relate to this in our modern worldfilmmakers often remake a classic with a new twist or remake it in a very similar way, but the audience is still very interested in seeing the remake, especially if they've seen the original. Oedipus Rex is the story of a man who becomes the king of Thebes after solving the riddle of the Sphinx, who had taken over the city.
The riddle the Sphinx asks is: what crawls on graduate thesis, four legs in cover aid the morning, two at noon, and three in the evening? Oedipus thinks a bit and then gives the correct answer: man. The fascinating part of this story is that Oedipus never actually says the answer. As he's hemming and graduate thesis writing hawing over the riddle, he strokes his beard with his hand. The sphinx takes this motion to mean that Oedipus is pointing at himself, thus answering her question. She is defeated and the city of Thebes is given to him. This image and explanation make sense to the reader because Oedipus is never portrayed as an especially intelligent man. This image is also very important to my unit because there is another image of Oedipus stroking his beard during the scene when he finds out the truth about his life, although he isn't ready to accept it until the last shred of evidence is shown to him. He strokes his beard as if to symbolically say, it's me; I'm Laius' killer. Once Oedipus is the king of Thebes, he marries its Queen, Jocasta, who had been married to Laius before he was killed.
They have a family, and ap european essay european history Oedipus rules contentedly until the opening of thesis writing, Sophocles' play. The tragedy opens on the scene of the priest asking Oedipus to help his people, who are suffering from the plague. Oedipus says he has already sent Creon, Jocasta's brother, to the god Apollo to find out how he can save the city. This is the exposition. When Creon returns he relays Apollo's news that in order to save the city, they must find and bring to justice the man or men who killed the on protection former king, Laius. Oedipus vows to find whoever it was and graduate thesis writing immediately starts an investigation by asking questions about Laius' death. History? This is the complication in the story that starts the thesis writing chain reaction of questions and answers that lead to the inevitable truth that he has unwittingly killed his father and married his mother. There are a number of reversals and discoveries leading up to the last moment of suspense. For example, Teresias the prophet tells Oedipus that he is the and restore murderer, but Oedipus doesn't believe him and ends up fighting with Creon. Another discovery happens when Jocasta tells Oedipus the story of Laius being killed at a crossroads.
Jocasta tries to counsel and comfort Oedipus, and graduate thesis while trying to make him feel better about the prophecy he has heard, she tells him that Laius also received a prophecy that he would be killed by his son. The fact that as the story goes, Laius was killed by library proposal a band of graduate, people at a crosswords tells her that the prophecy couldn't possibly have been true. However, this is probably the worst news for Oedipus because he knows that he once killed a man at a crossroads. And Restore? Even though this might seem like enough information to convince the audience, Oedipus, who is still in denial, calls for the herdsman who was with Laius when he was killed. The major reversal, or peripeteia in Greek, happens when a messenger arrives from Corinth with the news that Oedipus' father is dead. The messenger then goes on to explain that Oedipus isn't the true son of Polybus. He explains that he was ordered to take Laius and Jocasta's son to the mountains and graduate thesis kill him so that the prophey given to Laius that his son would kill him wouldn't be fulfilled. He tells them that he didn't kill the child, but instead gave him to another shepherd who then gave the child to aid, the king and queen of Corinth. (We find out later that this shepherd was also the one who was with Laius when he was killed.) The messenger thinks this is good news, for it means that Oedipus can return to Corinth without fear of marrying his mother, because she isn't his real mother.
The tragic irony is that in telling Jocasta and Oedipus this good news, Jocasta realizes that Oedipus is in fact her son. This is enough for Jocasta, and she goes into her room and graduate hangs herself. Oedipus needs to know the final details from the shepherd who has been summoned and describes the death of Laius, before he can admit the ap european questions history truth, and writing this is the climax of the tragedy. Very soon after comes the anagnorisis , which in Greek refers to the big discoveryobviously this is Oedipus' discovery that he has unknowingly killed his father and married his mother. Some scholars add in resume the moment of catastrophe, a word that literally means fall down, to describe the thesis reported suicide of Jocasta and Oedipus' act of blinding himself. There is also the heartbreaking scene with his two daughters that fits in the catastrophe. Finally, we see the denouement , or the resolution, when Oedipus exiles himself and leaves Thebes. Many of the essay on environment images that you may want to use in graduate thesis writing this unit are easiest to find doing a Google image search. For the vase painting images described in the section above can be found by searching Oedipus Rex beard vase painting. The image is a circular painting that is from the Etruscan Museum in the Vatican. The image of Oedipus and Jocasta can be found by searching on Google Image for Oedipus messenger.
The image shows Oedipus and resume and restore an old man in the center and graduate writing then Jocasta is off to the left, while two small children are on the right and left of Oedipus. To find images of productions of Oedipus Rex Google image search Oedipus Rex stage production or Oedipus Rex production chorus to find images of the chorus specifically. Most songs to topics, Broadway musicals are available on YouTube, including La Vie Boheme and Oklahoma! In order to fulfill my goals and objectives with this unit, I'm planning on employing a number of different strategies with my students. In regards to my objectives for class discussion, I'll use a few different discussion strategies, including small-group and whole-class discussions. Graduate Writing? I will also employ fishbowl discussions, during which students sit in a circle surrounded by another circle of students. Resume? Only students in the center can discuss, and students on the outside take notes on the discussion. Students then switch places. Both group and small-group discussions will be used, to give students an thesis writing, opportunity to share and learn in a whole-class style as well as in small group in order to allow students who generally don't like to talk in front of the whole class an resume, opportunity to share.
These small groups will also serve as Literature discussion groups. which give students the opportunity to talk in small groups about graduate thesis what they are reading. Each member of the group is assigned a role that rotates weekly: discussion director, literary illuminary, vocabulary enricher, summarizer, and connector. Letter? These roles give students a responsibility within the group they are in graduate and a reason to participate. This strategy also helps give a voice to shy students who might normally not participate in whole-class discussions. These small groups would then return for a whole-group discussion on what they'd talked about. 23. In order to address my objectives for student writing, I will be employing several strategies including timed writes. This strategy helps students prepare for cover letter aid, the AP Literature exam they all take at the end of the year. I give students a surprise prompt related to the text we are reading, and they have thirty minutes to graduate thesis, construct and write an essay that answers the prompt. Most likely I will give them prompts about the main purpose and essay message of the chorus; I may also create a prompt that asks them about interpreting the play using both a modern and ancient Greek viewpoint.
I will also be utilizing direct instruction as a strategy to support student writing and vocabulary. This will appear as a short lecture or PowerPoint presentation. I will use this strategy to give them specific vocabulary words that they will need throughout the unit, for example, dramatic irony, strophe , antistrophe , tragedy, etc. I will also use this strategy in a power point presentation to show students what a theatre in graduate writing ancient Greek looked like, and what aspects make up a Greek tragedy. One last strategy involves taking a longer passage and distilling it down to the main message by asking students to restate the debates essay topics passage as a tweet, in no more than twenty-five words. This both engages my students, since many of them are active tweeters, and graduate thesis it requires them to term essays, interpret the passage in a clear, concise manner. Tweets will be voted on to decide which tells the message most clearly to add a competitive edge to the activity. Another objective of this unit is to help students make connections, both with other types of graduate thesis, literature and with other types of performance. One strategy I will use is to compare and contrast Oedipus Rex with modern Broadway musicals.
Students will look at specific aspects of both and discuss the similarities and differences. Debates Essay Topics? I will constantly be helping students make connections with the text we are reading and asking them to make their own connections. Graduate Thesis? These connections will help them more deeply understand the messages in the text and ap european essay questions history it will also help them write with more expertise in their essays. In a similar spirit of comparing and contrasting, students will be analyzing two images side-by-side and take notes. These notes will aid them in thesis our discussion after the viewing. Depending on the subject and aid the day, we will have small-group or whole class-discussions. The point of this strategy is to compare and contrast (as with an image from a traditional Greek production and a modern Broadway musical) or to try to discover the thesis theme between the two images (as with two images of Oedipus Rex in two different scenes). This activity will likely take two hundred-minute class periods. In this activity, students will work with a group and one or two strophic pairs from the text. They will have already read the ap european questions entire play, so they have the thesis writing background knowledge necessary to do the activity.
Once students have their strophic pairs, they will begin to essays, analyze them. They will need to do this with the full text so that they have all the necessary context in graduate order to analyze the verses of the letter chorus. Graduate? Before beginning the activity, we will make a list of questions as a class that will help in analyzing the strophic pairs. I will take input from the class, but I'm imagining the questions will be similar to: Are there allusions present in the ode? Are there metaphors in the ode? What are they and essay what are they referring to? What is the point of view of the chorus? What other literary devices are present and graduate thesis what is their purpose?
Student will come up with other helpful questions as a class. Once students have worked together to analyze the strophic pairs and answer the questions set out, they will work together to on environment, create a visual depiction of the writing strophic pair or pairs. (Students will have two that appear chronologically in the text, so that it goes in the correct order.) This visual could be anything from a scene in a comic book to a poster that shows a series of images that explain the verses. Doing this will help each group of students reach a better understanding of their parts of the chorus, and they will also need to work together to decide what type of visualization will work best to explain the verses. This discussion will hopefully lead to an even better understanding of the verses. After all of the visuals have been created, we will create a gallery of all of the visuals in thesis the order that they appear in the play.
At this point, we'll do a gallery walk in which students walk around and look at each strophic pair and graduate thesis the visual that was created with it in order. Essay On Protection? While they are doing this, they will write down parts that are more understandable now, surprising discoveries, and questions that they still have. Finally, we will have a whol- class discussion about the activity and students will have a chance to bring up the questions they still have and ask each other questions about other groups' visuals. This activity can be done in one class period, but I will most likely complete it a few times throughout the unit using different images. This activity involves showing students two images side-by-side. I may show students one image first and thesis writing then add in the second image depending on the content. There are quite a few images available online that I'm planning to use with this activity. There are two images of Oedipus stroking his beard that are described in the section called Oedipus Rex . Term Papers On Culture? There are two vase paintings that illustrate these images. Thesis? (See resources.) In both, Oedipus is stroking his beard, although they depict two very different scenes. Oedipus regards the resume and restore Sphinx in one, and in the other he is depicted with a herdsman, Jocasta and their two daughters, Antigone and Ismene. I will ask students to graduate thesis writing, look first at the image with Oedipus and the Sphinx and take five minutes to write as much as they can about the image.
They can write what they see, what they think it means, anything. After the five minutes we will discuss in class what they wrote down. Next I will show them the other image of Oedipus with his family, presumably when he and Jocasta find out the news from the essays on culture first messenger. I won't give any information to the students, and again they will have five minutes to graduate writing, write down their interpretations, observations, and anything else they see. Again we will discuss the image with the class. At this point I will show students the images side-by-side, and I will again have them write for letter aid, five minutes. I will ask them to graduate writing, write about how the term papers images interact with each other, or to compare and contrast them, or to write about what they mean together. We will then discuss again as a class, and at the end of the discussion I will have students write the opening sentence to an essay they would write about the two images. (I probably won't have them actually write the graduate thesis writing essay, but it's a great way to practice thesis statements.) There are other images that I will do the same activity with, including images of ap european essay european history, different types of productions of writing, Oedipus Rex as well as images of Oedipus that are very different from the cover aid two that I have described above. The point of this activity is to help students make connections with art that is relevant to graduate thesis writing, the unit. It also helps students practice looking at and analyzing art. It will also show them that there are different ways to interpret literature.
It also helps them practice writing, an activity that is very helpful for students preparing for the AP exam. This will be the term papers essays on culture culminating activity of the graduate thesis unit. I will divide the class into two groups of sixteen students each. Each group will pick an excerpt of the play that they will prepare and act out. Thirteen (since we don't have enough for fifteen) of the students will be the chorus and the other three students will be the actors.
The task is to change the original language into modern language but to keep all of the meaning and the messages intact. Essay On Protection? The length will need to be about one act. Students will have to work together to divide up the act and interpret and graduate change the language into papers, a modern style. I'm planning this as the culminating activity because at this point they hopefully have a good handle on the play as well as on thesis writing, the messages of the chorus. This activity pulls together the essay chorus-chunking activity as well as all of the work they will have done in class interpreting the play. Once they have changed the language, they will turn their versions in to me so I can be sure they have understood and graduate thesis kept the meaning of the original text. Finally, they will practice their lines and perform their act for resume, the rest of the class. Bibliography: Resources for Teachers and Students. Bloom, Harold.
Oedipus Rex . Updated ed. New York: Infobase Pub., 2007. This is one of the graduate thesis writing foremost collections of interpretations of the text. This would be probably most helpful to letter aid, teachers, but would also be helpful for students. Daniels, Charles B., and Sam Scully. What Really Goes on in Sophocles' Theban plays. Graduate? Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1996.
This is a very helpful book for aid, both teachers and graduate writing students. Debates Essay? It covers the history and goes into the themes of the three plays as well as looking at Greek viewpoints. Frey, Nancy, and Douglas Fisher. Teaching Visual Literacy: Using Comic Books, Graphic Novels, Anime, Cartoons, and More to Develop Comprehension and Thinking Skills . Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2008. Graduate Thesis? This book would be very helpful to debates essay topics, a teacher looking to use more images in her classroom. Grene, David.Sophocles I: Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone.
2nd ed. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1991. Harsh, Philip Whaley. A Handbook of graduate, Classical Drama,. On Environment? Stanford University, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1944. This book describes specifically the history of Greek tragedy (among other forms of classical drama) and goes into detail about every aspect of Greek tragedy.
Howells, Richard. Visual Culture. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2003. This is a very interesting book that talks a lot about art as well as hermeneutics. Langer, J. A. Thesis Writing? Beating The Odds: Teaching Middle And High School Students To Read And Write Well. American Educational Research Journal 38, no. 4 (2001): 837-880. This article is about a study done in American high schools that looks at how teachers teach reading and writing. Debates Essay? It has great ideas for strategies that work well. Papapostolou, A. Writing? Oedipus Rex Theatre Performance in cover aid Pakistan, Greek World Reporter.
Jan., 2009. http://world.greekreporter.com/2011/01/09/%E2%80%9Coedipus-rex-play-in-pakistan/ This article has an graduate, image of a production of Oedipus Rex that is very interesting and would be great to discuss with students. Puppi, Lionello. Il Teatro Olimpico. Vicenza: Pozza, 1963. This book has many photos and information about the Olympic Theatre, which was designed to look as close as possible to thesis, theaters of Ancient Greece. Graduate Thesis? This will be very helpful for classroom materials. Scodel, Ruth. An Introduction to Greek Tragedy. Resume And Restore? New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. This book is graduate writing, a very comprehensive guide to resume and restore, the history and writing all aspects of Greek tragedy.
Sheehan, Sean. Sophocles' Oedipus the K ing: a Reader's Guide . London: Continuum, 2012. This book has several essays that are extremely helpful for both students and teachers. Common Core Standards. Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to essay on environment, support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain. We will be focusing on this standard throughout this unit, especially since the messages from the chorus can be confusing. Students will be looking directly at thesis writing the text for evidence in the text as well as making inferences when the text is confusing or uncertain.
Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to produce a complex account; provide an objective summary of the text. This will be one of the main goals in this unitalthough we are focusing on the chorus, we are doing so in debates essay order to graduate, interpret the main messages in the text. Ap European Questions European History? Students will write an essay that both summarizes the text and looks at the main messages and analyzes how they interact with one another. Analyze how an author's choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text (e.g., the choice of where to begin or end a story, the graduate thesis writing choice to provide a comedic or tragic resolution) contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact. Students will be studying the structure of tragedy and how it affects the action and theme in essays the play Oedipus Rex . 1. Daniels and Scully, What Really Goes on in Sophocles' Theban plays?, xii.
2. Scodel, An introduction to Greek tragedy, 4. 3. William Moebius, Introduction to picturebook codes. Word Image 2, no. 2 (1986): 148. 4. Oklahoma, Musical, written by Richard Rogers and Oscar Hammerstein (1943; New York City: Broadway), Live. 5. Joseph Roach, interviewed by Sara Delman, July 10, 2013. 6. Scodel, An Introduction to Greek Tragedy, 2.
7. Daniels and Scully, What Really Goes on in Sophocles', xiv. 8. Scodel, An Introduction to Greek tragedy, 3. 9. Harsh, A Handbook of Classical Drama, 4. 10. Scodel, An Introduction to thesis writing, Greek Tragedy, 12. 12. Resume And Restore? Daniels and graduate thesis writing Scully, What Really Goes on in Sophocles', xii. 13. Scodel. An Introduction to Greek Tragedy, 3.
14. Harsh, A Handbook of Classical Drama, 5. 17. Daniels and Scully, What Really Goes on in Sophocles', xii. 18. Term Papers Essays? Rent, Musical, written and thesis directed by proposal Jonathan Larson (1994; New York City: New York Theatre Workshop), Live. 19. Scodel, An Introduction to Greek Tragedy, 3. 23. J. A. Graduate? Langer. Beating The Odds: Teaching Middle And High School Students To Read And Write Well.
American Educational Research Journal 38, no. 4 (2001): 859. Janell Smith (Francis Marion University, Florence, SC) I am currently taking a freshman level literature course at Francis Marion. We are studying the play Oedipus the King. During my research I happened upon this site. I found it to be very useful to me as a student and can see that it would be even more useful to an educator. I am surprised this is the first comment. I believe there are ways to get this website introduced more broadly. This should be the cover letter aid priority. Having great info with no audience is worse than a waste of graduate, time.
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6 Tips For Sending Cold Recruiting Emails That Don’t Get Laughed At. Editor#8217;s Note: This is a guest post written by David Khim Growth Marketer at HubSpot. His opinions are his own. W hen sending a cold email , you have one shot to make a good impression, otherwise you’re out. Graduate Writing? And trust me on this, when you send a bad recruiting email, a screenshot of that email is going to get passed around like so … That’s an library odd email to get from a stranger. Right? So let’s focus on how you can write a cold email that actually makes a strong impression and develops a relationship with the candidate. Writing? If the candidate isn’t interested in the position you’re recruiting for, at least if you can develop a relationship with them, who knows, maybe he or she can refer you to resume and restore, someone else. Here are six tips for writing a cold recruiting email that candidates won’t laugh at.
It’s basic. It’s easy. Writing? But you’d be surprised how many candidates receive generic emails that, when all is said and done, can be boiled down to “ Hi, I did no research about you. Let me recruit you .” Don’t just look at their LinkedIn profile. Look at their Twitter, portfolio, and projects. Do you have any mutual connections? Use a tool like Sidekick to and restore, easily find social insights. Greg Brockman of graduate writing Stripe calls this the proof-of-work . European? Show that you’ve put in the work to investigate the person and you aren’t just sending a templated email.
By doing your research, you can personalize an email and make a comment about their projects, what you enjoyed about them, and how that ties in with why you’re reaching out. How important is personalization? Based on 7,818 emails, the graduate writing majority of emails are impersonal, with only 60 out of almost 8,000 emails being genuinely personal. Adding a little bit of personalization doesn’t matter at all. However, truly personal messages had a 73% engagement rate. Time to get personal. Library Thesis? Just don’t get so personal that you’re recruiting off a news article about graduate thesis writing blind dates … Email is a bold move when you don’t know someone. Warm them up by engaging and providing value on social media. Debates Essay Topics? This can be as simple as following them on Twitter, retweeting their tweets, responding to a question on Quora, and so on. You can easily find their profiles using the Sidekick social profiles tool, or do a Google search for thesis, “full name + twitter.”
The best part is that you don’t need a response. People are vain. They check for essay, new followers, favorites, and retweets and often won’t engage, but they take notice if others pay attention to them. Engage with them two or three times to get your name in front of graduate writing them, so when you do email them, they’ll think, “This person looks familiar … I think they followed me on resume, Twitter.” If they do respond to a tweet or your answer on Quora, even better. They’re primed to thesis writing, see your name in essay on protection, their inbox! 3. Graduate Thesis Writing? It’s not about you or your company. Candidates don’t care if you’re the number one recruiter in and restore, the tech industry. They don’t care what your company does or if your company is graduate thesis a leader in whatever industry.
And if they already have a job, they very likely won’t care that you’re trying to take them away from it. They care about what’s in it for debates topics, them. So make your email about them . Stroke their ego and graduate thesis writing, let them know how great they are. You can do this by telling them you shared their work with others, refer to them as a “leader” or “expert,” or mention them in association with a respected brand name or person. Ap European Questions European? 4. Provide some detail before giving them the spiel. Some recruiters go straight to giving all the details about the position before the thesis writing candidate has demonstrated any interest. This leads to a lengthy email that likely doesn’t get read.
Instead, provide some detail about the position so that the candidate can decide whether or not they want to know more. The most important thing to essay european history, mention is the offered salary. Thesis? According to resume, a study by Aline Lerner and Hired , money is graduate a large determining factor or whether or not an term papers essays on culture email will receive a response. People want to be paid what they’re worth. Take this email for example which uses tips three and four: I’m [name] and I found your website as I was perusing through the black hole of Twitter and [mutual connection] had great things to say about you.
I saw that you’re currently at [company], but wanted to thesis, reach out in case you’re open to a new opportunity. I’m looking to is hiring a content marketing manager with a starting salary of [salary] with equity options. We just closed our series B of on protection funding [link to announcement] and we’re looking to graduate, develop our content playbook as a channel for essay topics, user acquisition. Our team would like to talk to you more and have you lead our content team to graduate, help us jump start those efforts. Would you like to learn more? 5. Have the email come from a non-recruiter.
Greg also states that it’s better when a non-recruiter reaches out because it isn’t a normal part of their daily activity to contact a candidate. Which means they took the time to get in touch, not just to fulfill a quota. I can attest to this. When I reached out about a job at HubSpot , I was forwarded to a marketing recruiter to cover, schedule an graduate writing interview. But my soon-to-be-manager quickly reached out, letting me know he was looking forward to speaking with me.
It showed me they were on their game. Here’s a simple recruiting template that Greg uses: I#8217;m an engineer at Stripe. I came across your XX post, and it reminded me of the time that XX. I wanted to see if you#8217;d be interested in library, working with us at Stripe — if you#8217;re up for it, I#8217;d love to grab coffee next week to thesis, chat. The art of following up is a balance between persistence and library thesis, annoyance.
It’s important to use a tool like Sidekick to know whether or not candidates are opening your emails. Writing? This information will help you gauge whether or not to follow up. Don’t be this guy. I admire the persistence, but it’s obvious the candidate isn’t interested. Checklist of things to hit to get a response from your candidate: Personalize your email as much as possible by doing research Mention a mutual connection if you have one Align with their interests (which you found out through research) Provide the salary (and equity, stock options if available) Give some background about your company to show credibility Don’t talk too much about your company Err on the side of library informal versus being formal Invite them for a chat. A developer, Mike A., recently told me, “My favorite recruiting email so far didn’t look like a recruiting email. Thesis? It was just an invitation to library thesis, chat about some GitHub project that the thesis writing company works on. And the GitHub project was perfectly aligned with my interests.” What are you going to do to improve your cold recruiting emails? David Khim is a Growth Marketer at HubSpot an organization building a powerful set of applications through which businesses can engage customers by delivering inbound experiences that are relevant, helpful, and personalized. David Ly Khim is a growth marketer for Sidekick by HubSpot. He writes about resume and restore email productivity, marketing, and writing, career development.
Often found dancing. What#8217;s Different About Hiring Recent Graduates? Hiring graduates into your organisation is a smart business move in today’s competitive climate. Cover? Here are a few tips that will help you in the process. Graduate Thesis Writing? Recap: In-house Recruitment LIVE! London 2017.
In this post I wanted to share a few of my learnings from some of the sessions I attended at In-House Recruitment LIVE! 2017 in London. How to Really Add Value as an In-House Recruiter. Ap European Essay? I wanted to share the thesis highlights of my presentation at the in-house recruiter LIVE! 2017 event in London – How to Really Add Value as an In-House Recruiter.
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code hero essay Crime and Gangster Films are developed around the sinister actions of graduate writing criminals or gangsters, particularly bankrobbers, underworld figures, or ruthless hoodlums who operate outside the law, stealing and resume and restore, violently murdering their way through life. In the 1940s, a new type of crime thriller emerged, more dark and graduate thesis, cynical - see the section on on protection, film-noir for further examples of crime films. Criminal and gangster films are often categorized as post-war film noir or detective-mystery films - because of graduate thesis writing underlying similarities between these cinematic forms. Crime films encompass or cross over cover aid many levels, and may include at least these different types of films: the gangster film, the detective (or who-dun-it) film, the graduate thesis, crime comedy, the suspense-thriller, and the police (procedural) film. Crime stories in this genre often highlight the life of a crime figure or a crime's victim(s).
Or they glorify the essay on protection on environment, rise and fall of a particular criminal(s), gang, bank robber, murderer or lawbreakers in personal power struggles or conflict with law and graduate thesis, order figures, an underling or competitive colleague, or a rival gang. Headline-grabbing situations, real-life gangsters, or crime reports have often been used in on culture, crime films. Gangster/crime films are usually set in large, crowded cities, to thesis writing, provide a view of the secret world of the criminal: dark nightclubs or streets with lurid neon signs, fast cars, piles of cash, sleazy bars, contraband, seedy living quarters or rooming houses. Exotic locales for debates crimes often add an element of adventure and wealth. Writers dreamed up appropriate gangland jargon for writing the tales, such as tommy guns or molls. Film gangsters are usually materialistic, street-smart, immoral, meglo-maniacal, and self-destructive. Questions European History. Rivalry with other criminals in gangster warfare is often a significant plot characteristic. Graduate Writing. Crime plots also include questions such as how the criminal will be apprehended by police, private eyes, special agents or lawful authorities, or mysteries such as who stole the term papers essays on culture, valued object. Graduate Thesis Writing. They rise to power with a tough cruel facade while showing an ambitious desire for success and recognition, but underneath they can express sensitivity and gentleness. Gangster films are often morality tales: Horatio Alger or 'pursuit of the American Dream' success stories turned upside down in essay, which criminals live in writing, an inverted dream world of success and debates essay, wealth.
Often from poor immigrant families, gangster characters often fall prey to crime in the pursuit of wealth, status, and material possessions (clothes and cars), because all other normal avenues to the top are unavailable to them. Although they are doomed to thesis, failure and inevitable death (usually violent), criminals are sometimes portrayed as the victims of circumstance, because the stories are told from their point of view. Early Crime-Gangster Films Until the Dawn of the Talkies: Criminal/gangster films are one of the most enduring and resume and restore, popular film genres. They date back to the early days of graduate thesis film during the silent era. Ap European European. In fact, even Edwin S. Porter's silent short western The Great Train Robbery (1903) has often considered a classic hold-up story and chase film - a movie about crime.
Perhaps the graduate writing, earliest 'crime' film was Sherlock Holmes Baffled (1900) , a 45 seconds long short (released in debates essay topics, 1903) that was shown one-person at a time in graduate thesis, hand-cranked Mutoscope machines or nickelodeons in amusement arcades. It was also the ap european european history, earliest known film featuring Sherlock Holmes. The plot was about how the famed Arthur Conan Doyle detective, a cigar-smoking gentleman, was 'baffled' when a black-clothed thief magically disappeared (through trick-photography) with a sack of stolen goods. Also, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1905) , released by Vitagraph (although now a lost film) has been considered the first Sherlock Holmes film since it was created for a theatrical audience rather than as a one-person Mutoscope production. One of the first films to officially mark the thesis, start of the gangster/crime genre was D. W. Griffith's The Musketeers of Pig Alley (1912) about organized crime. It wasn't the resume and restore, first gangster movie ever made, but it was the first significant gangster film that has survived. Graduate Thesis Writing. Outdoor scenes were shot in the gangland territory of debates NYC's Lower East Side with its slum tenements, and cast members included possible gang members. Thesis. The story was about a poor, virtuous, and vulnerable Little Lady (Lillian Gish) who was threatened, victimized and terrorized by Snapper Kid (Elmer Booth) - the gangster leader of a gang known as the essay, Musketeers. [Note: There were some one-reel 'gangster' films before Griffith's film, such as Biograph's The Moonshiners (1904) , Edwin S. Porter's and Wallace McCutcheon's primitive chase film A Desperate Encounter Between Burglars And Police (1905) , and McCutcheon's docu-melodrama kidnapping story The Black Hand (1906) , but their importance and/or availability have been problematic.] French director Louis Feuillade's Fantomas series from the Gaumont film studio popularized the crime serial - Fantomas (1913-1914, Fr.) featured the character of supercriminal Fantomas (René Navarre).
Based on the novels of thesis writing Marcel Allain and term papers essays on culture, Pierre Souvestre, Fantomas was released as five separate films, running roughly an hour each. Other characters included police inspector Juve (Edmund Breon) and newspaper journalist Fandor (Georges Melchior), who worked to bring down the arch-villain-thief (a master of disguises), who also committed identity theft and murder. The five episodes were: Fantômas - À L'Ombre de la Guillotine (1913, Fr.) (aka In the Shadow of the Guillotine) Juve Against Fantomas (1913, Fr.) (aka Juve versus Fantomas) The Dead Man Who Killed (1913, Fr.) (aka The Murderous Corpse) Fantomas Against Fantomas (1914, Fr.) (aka Fantomas versus Fantomas) Le Faux Magistrat (1914, Fr.) (aka The False Magistrate) Feuillade's later Judex (1916, Fr.) , another popular film serial, featured a female criminal. Traffic in Souls (1913) (aka While New York Sleeps) , a six-reel melodrama, was a photo-drama expose of white slavery (entrapment of young women into writing, prostitution) at the turn of the century in NYC, although the film exploitatively promised steamy sex in its advertisements.
Mutual released The Gangsters and the Girl (1914) , a short starring Charles Ray as undercover Detective John Stone investigating neighborhood urban gangs and letter aid, a wrongly-condemned slum girl. Raoul Walsh's first feature film, the silent crime drama The Regeneration (1915) has been regarded as the first feature-length gangster film, with presumably the first complex characterization of a criminal anti-hero. It showcased violent lawlessness on the streets of New York (it was shot on graduate thesis, location in essays, NYC's Bowery District on the Lower East Side), and the rise of an orphaned Irish-American slum boy named Owen Conway (Rockliffe Fellowes as a 25 year-old adult). He grew up to become a drunken gangster (prone to gambling) due to graduate writing, repressive social conditions in his environment. However, he was 'regenerated' (saved from a life of essay topics crime) after falling in graduate thesis writing, love with do-gooder social worker Marie Deering (Anna Q. And Restore. Nilsson).
The upcoming 1920s decade was a perfect era for the blossoming of the crime genre. It was the thesis, period of and restore Prohibition, grimy and overpopulated cities with the lawless spread of speakeasies, corruption, and moonshiners, and graduate thesis, the flourishing rise of organized gangster crime. Josef von Sternberg's gangland melodrama Underworld (1927) with George Bancroft and Clive Brook, reflected the 1920s. It has often been considered the first modern gangster film, with many standard conventions of the crime film - and it was shot from the gangster's point of view. It won the Best Original Story Award for Ben Hecht - the first Oscar ever awarded for an original screenplay, and the first of on environment Hecht's two Oscar wins (among six writing nominations during his career). [The first 'gangster' pulp had the same title, Underworld , a breeding ground for thesis many crime thriller plots.] And Lewis Milestone's The Racket (1928) , a Howard Hughes-produced film, concentrated on big-city corruption and a municipality controlled by the mob, and was banned in aid, Chicago because of its negative depiction of the police. Expressionistic German Crime Films: Three German directors contributed a number of graduate expressionistic black and white crime films, noted for chiaroscoro lighting, sharp-angled shots, and resume, monstrous characters (i.e., insane scientists or doctors, or crazed individuals): Robert Wiene's The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1919/1920, Germ.) (aka Das Kabinett Des Doktor Caligari) told about a ghost-like hypnotist-therapist in a fairground-carnival named Dr.
Caligari (Werner Kraus). Graduate. He used his power of hypnotism to commit crimes, through his performing somnambulist Cesare (Conrad Veidt). The influential film featured the shadowy, disturbing, distorted, and dream-nightmarish quality of the letter aid, macabre and stylistic 'Caligari,' with twisted alleyways, lopsided doors, cramped rooms, crooked and overhanging buildings, and writing, skewed cityscapes. F.W. Murnau's silent classic Sunrise (1927) , was about a country village farmer (George O'Brien) who fell for term papers the allure of a sophisticated, vampish seductress/temptress (Margaret Livingston) from the graduate, City. She tempted him under the moonlight in a swamp, persuading him to devise a murderous plan to kill his pure, innocent wife (Janet Gaynor) - by drowning her during a trip to the City. German director Fritz Lang also released several important silent crime films - influential post-war films that helped to launch the entire genre in the 1930s, including a series of Dr. Mabuse films about a mastermind character:
Dr. Mabuse, The Gambler (Parts I and II) (1922-1923) - a two-part silent crime melodrama about an evil, criminal boss capable of disguise, conspiracy, and tremendous hypnotic powers. The Testament of Dr. Debates Topics. Mabuse (1933) (aka Das Testament das Dr. Mabuse) , a crime thriller and Lang's second sound feature, resurrected the ruthless genius (Rudolf Klein-Rogge) running a crime ring while imprisoned, and writing, a tenacious Scotland Yard detective (Otto Wernicke) in on protection, pursuit. The film was noted for a spectacular car chase scene, explosions, and murders. The government interpreted the film as subversive and graduate, having anti-Nazi sentiments - causing Lang to resume, hurriedly leave Germany (he soon relocated in the US and ended up directing in Hollywood by 1936). [Note: Ironically, the legendary director's swan-song film (his first film made in thesis, Germany since 1933), The 1000 Eyes of Dr. Thesis Proposal. Mabuse (1960) , spotlighted the same arch-criminal character.] Lang's most seminal film was M (1931, Germ.) - his first sound feature (bridging the gap between silents and talkies). Graduate Thesis Writing. It was an expressionistic psychological thriller about resume and restore, a child molester serial killer.
The pedophile-psychopath was identified as Hans Beckert (Peter Lorre) - his coat back was marked in chalk with the letter M. He was caught hiding in graduate, an attic, and taken to a large abandoned brewery building to essay, stand trial, where he was questioned by a panel of underworld boss-leaders. The Gangster Film in the Era of the Talking Picture: It wasn't until the sound era and the 1930s that gangster films truly became an writing entertaining, popular way to essay, attract viewers to graduate thesis writing, the theatres, who were interested in the lawlessness and violence on-screen. The events of the Prohibition Era (until 1933) such as bootlegging and essay on environment, the St. Valentine's Day Massacre of 1929, the existence of real-life gangsters (e.g., Al Capone, John Dillinger, Pretty Boy Floyd, Baby Face Nelson) and graduate thesis, the rise of contemporary organized crime and escalation of urban violence helped to encourage this genre. On the other side were law-enforcing G-Men (or government men) led by the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover.
Many of the sensationalist plots of the early gangster films were taken from the day's newspaper headlines, encouraging the ap european essay questions european, public appetite for crime films. The allied rackets of thesis writing bootlegging, gambling and prostitution brought these mobsters to folk hero status, and audiences during that time vicariously participated in the gangster's rise to on protection, power and writing, wealth - on the big screen. They vicariously experienced the gangster's satisfaction with flaunting the system and papers essays on culture, feeling the thrill of violence. Thesis Writing. Movies flaunted the archetypal exploits of swaggering, cruel, wily, tough, and law-defying bootleggers and urban gangsters. The talkies era accounted for the rise of crime films, because these films couldn't come to papers essays on culture, life without sound (machine gun fire, screeching brakes, screams, chases through city streets and squealing car tires).
The perfection of sound technology and mobile cameras also aided their spread. The first 100% all-talking picture and, of course, the first sound gangster film was The Lights of New York (1928) - it enhanced the urban crime dramas of the graduate writing, time with crackling dialogue and exciting sound effects of squealing getaway car tires and on environment, gunshots. Rouben Mamoulian's City Streets (1931) from a story penned by Dashiell Hammett was reportedly Al Capone's favorite film, starring Gary Cooper and Sylvia Sydney as two lovers trapped by gangland connections. And Tay Garnett's violent Bad Company (1931) was the first picture to feature the gangland massacre on thesis, St. Valentine's Day.
Three Classic Early Gangster Films from resume, Warner Bros: Warner Bros. was considered the gangster studio par excellence , and the star- triumvirate of Warners' gangster cycle, all actors who established and defined their careers as tough-guys in this genre, included Edward G. Robinson, James Cagney, and Humphrey Bogart. Others who were early gangster stars included Paul Muni and George Raft. Three great classic gangster films (among the first of the thesis writing, talkies) marked the genre's popular acceptance and started the wave of papers on culture gangster films in the 1930s in graduate thesis writing, the sound era. The lead role in each film (a gangster/criminal or bootleg racketeer of the Prohibition Era) was glorified as he rose to papers essays, the top with infamy and writing, power, but each one ultimately met his doom in essay topics, the final violent scenes of these films, due to censors' demands that they receive moral retribution for their crimes. The first two films in the cycle were released almost simultaneously by Warner Bros, setting the pattern for numerous imitators (with tommy guns, fedoras, double-breasted suits, etc.): (1) Little Caesar (1930) , directed by Mervyn LeRoy, starred Edward G. Robinson as a gritty, coarse and ruthless, petty Chicago killer named Caesar Enrico (or Rico) Bandello (a flimsy disguise for thesis a characterization of Al Capone), who experienced a rise to prominence and then a rapid downfall. Term Papers Essays On Culture. Robinson was the first great gangster star. (2) The Public Enemy (1931) , directed by William Wellman, starred James Cagney (in his first film and breakout role) as a cocky, fast-talking, nasty, and brutal criminal/bootlegger named Tom Powers - most memorable in a vicious scene at the breakfast table where the graduate, snarling gangster assaulted his floozy moll girlfriend (Mae Clarke) by pressing a half grapefruit into letter aid, her face. [Both were still in their pajamas, indicating that they spent the night together.] The startling finale included the door-to-door delivery of Cagney's mummy-wrapped corpse to graduate thesis, his mother's house - the cover aid, bandaged body fell through the front door. The main story was about two brothers, Tom (Cagney) and graduate thesis, his straight, uptight brother Mike (Donald Cook) who grew up and pursued very different lifestyles.
The pre-Code film emphasized how the early developmental environment clearly contributed to ap european essay questions european history, an evolving life of adult crime - and graduate thesis writing, his inevitable gruesome death. (3) Scarface: The Shame of the Nation (1932) , directed by Howard Hawks, a Howard Hughes' produced film from UA, starred Paul Muni as a power-mad, vicious, immature and beastly hood in Prohibition-Era Chicago (the characterization of Tony Camonte was loosely based on the brutal, murderous racketeer Al Capone). Other stars were George Raft (as his coin-flipping emotion-less, right-hand killer) and essay on environment, Ann Dvorak (as Tony's incestuous sister Cesca). Both The Public Enemy (1931) and Scarface (1932) tried to deflect criticisms that they were sensationalizing the graduate writing, lifestyle of the hoodlums, with unconvincing prefaces or disclaimers. In particular, Scarface (1932) began with a critical, written statement to indict gangster hoodlumism and the public's and resume and restore, government's indifference.
The audience was then blamed for promoting the role of the gangster with its perverse fascination in thesis, the phenomenon of mob activity - and then challenged: It is the ambition of the authors of 'The Public Enemy' to honestly depict an environment that exists today in a certain strata of papers essays American life, rather than glorify the hoodlum or the criminal. Graduate Writing. This picture is an indictment of gang rule in America and resume and restore, of the callous indifference of the government to this constantly increasing menace to our safety and graduate writing, our liberty. Every incident in this picture is the reproduction of an actual occurrence, and the purpose of this picture is to thesis proposal, demand of the government: 'What are you going to do about it?' The government is your government. What are YOU going to do about it?
The Influence of the Hays Production Code on writing, Gangster Films: The coming of the Hays Production Code in the early 1930s spelled the end to glorifying the on environment, criminal, and approval of the ruthless methods and accompanying violence of the graduate writing, gangster lifestyle. The censorship codes of the day in the 1930s, notably the Hays Office, forced studios (particularly after 1934) to make moral pronouncements, present criminals as psychopaths, end the depiction of the papers, gangster as a folk or 'tragic hero,' de-glorify crime, and emphasize that crime didn't pay. It also demanded minimal details shown during brutal crimes. One way the studios quieted some of the protest and uproar over America's shame was to shift the emphasis from the criminal to graduate, the racket-busting federal agents, private detectives, or good guys on resume and restore, the other side of the law. In William Keighley's G-Men (1935) , the best example of graduate this new 'gangster-as-cop' sub-genre, screen tough guy James Cagney starred as a ruthless, revenge-seeking, impulsive, violent FBI agent to infiltrate criminal gangs on a crime spree in the Midwest. Although he was on the side of the law working undercover, he was just as cynical, brutal, and arrogant as he had been in his earliest gangster films. A police detective (Edward G. Robinson in on environment, an against-type role) went undercover and joined a NYC racket in graduate writing, Bullets or Ballots (1936) , and in Anatole Litvak's The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse (1938) , Robinson portrayed a brainy crime specialist who joined Rocks Valentine's gang (led by Humphrey Bogart) and soon was masterminding heists. Robinson also starred as a college law professor - and special prosecutor who pursued justice in I Am the Law (1938) . Anthony Mann's T-Men (1947) explored the similarities between Treasury Department agents and on protection, the counterfeiting criminals they pursued, and emphasized how villains were caught by semi-documentary style crime detection procedures (lineups, fingerprinting analysis, lab work, etc.). Another developing 'Cain-and-Abel' sub-genre emphasized that crime didn't pay, in films such as Manhattan Melodrama (1934) with childhood friends William Powell and graduate writing, Clark Gable choosing two diametrically opposed lifestyles - prosecuting attorney and gambler/racketeer, and Angels With Dirty Faces (1938) with two young slum kids, James Cagney and essay on environment, Pat O'Brien, following two different paths - a criminal lifestyle (that was idolized by the Dead End Kids on New York's lower East Side) and the priesthood.
In the electrifying finale, Cagney was taken on a long walk to his execution. William Wyler's gangster melodrama Dead End (1937) portrayed the efforts of New York slum dweller (Sylvia Sidney) to keep her gang member brother Tommy (Billy Halop, one of the Dead End Kids) from emulating gangster Humphrey Bogart. Graduate Thesis. The adolescent gang actors (veterans of the Broadway version of Dead End ) were introduced in this film and later evolved into the East Side Kids and The Bowery Boys.