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BOOK REPORTS FOR ADULTS: Beloved by Toni Morrison. Renowned author Emilie Buchwald once said, #8220;Children are made readers on the laps of their parents.#8221; In our series Book Reports for Adults , we hope to make up for all those parents who turned on Seinfeld instead. Not that there#8217;s anything wrong with that#8230; Why You Should Read Beloved : If you’ve ever felt like love was a battlefield or a creature from the black lagoon, this book gets it. Book Size: Smallish. You could finish it in a week or so, but you’d get some real nightmares if you tried. #8220;Anything dead coming back to life hurts.#8221; The Book Report, and What I Learned: At the tail end of the Civil War, a former slave named Paul D. is world war one introduction, wandering the country in search of the people he’s lost and sample masters thesis, discovers a friend from his past life living in a haunted house.
The friend, Sethe, is a fellow escapee from Sweet Home Plantation, but her teenage daughter, Denver, was just a bump in her mother’s belly the last time Paul D. laid eyes on war one essay, her. Now, the two are pariahs, living in a house that everyone avoids (and that Sethe’s three older children seem to have abandoned). However, it’s not the ghost in the house that’s scaring people away – it’s just a baby ghost, which never does worse than knock things off shelves and try to crawl up the stairs it’s Sethe’s dark past, which is much worse than any ghost could be. The thing that everyone knows, but no one talks about, is this: a few weeks after Sethe escaped slavery, fleeing from inhuman abuse and nursing, delivering baby Denver on the way, a team of slave-hunters caught up with her in her own backyard. World War One Essay Introduction! Rather than let her children suffer as she suffered, Sethe grabbed an axe and admissions, saw and world war one, tried to kill all four of them. In her panic, she managed to finish the job on only one: her older daughter, still barely big enough to crawl, whose ghost now lurks in Sethe’s home. Too little for a name, the baby was buried with nothing but the eudora welty one writer beginnings, word “Beloved” on her tombstone. Until now, the baby ghost has been content to rattle around the house playing games and throwing the occasional psychokinetic tantrum. Once Paul D. arrives, though, everything changes: he falls in world introduction, love with Sethe, becomes the father that Denver never got to welty have, and war one essay introduction, starts to thesis help this broken family heal.
The ghost realizes that her mother might move on and forget her, and, like any child, she cannot bear the thought. A few days later, a teenage girl with the mind of world, a baby and memories of a childhood in Sethe’s arms walks fully dressed out of and vanzetti essay, a lake and staggers toward Sethe’s door. The nameless baby ghost, who calls herself Beloved, wants the love her mother never got to introduction give her, and no one will stop her from getting it, no matter what… Sethe, the mother. A beautiful woman with a will of iron, Sethe grew up on a plantation that claimed to be a free-thinking oasis where the slaves were taught to essay realism international be men and world essay, women, not beasts of burden. Sacco And Vanzetti! The idea was always ridiculous but doubly betrayed once the plantation’s high-minded owner died and his brutal brother-in-law took his place. Scarred by her own mother’s inability to care for her, Sethe throws every part of herself into introduction motherhood and loves her children in a possessive, obsessive way that she considers the most important part of freedom. Denver, the sister. Masters Proposal! A naturally shy and quiet girl, she was made even lonelier when her mother’s crime drove away her brothers and scared off every possible friend. For long periods of her childhood, Denver didn’t talk at war one, all; even now, she’s desperate for love and friendship, and hates anyone who might take it away. Much braver and more heroic than she looks, as it turns out, but we don’t know that yet, and neither does she. Beloved, the baby.
Despite looking like a teenager, Beloved still has the childish mind she died with, right down to engines the faint memories of her earliest days. Like all babies, she’s selfish, obsessive, and greedy – for sweets, for pretty colors, for attention, and most desperately of all, for love. It’s not clear if she’s come to world war one essay reunite with her family, or to the new mfa creative admissions punish her family, or just to get all the love she never got the world essay introduction, chance to have. She’s just a hunger with a body: what the realism international relations, book calls “a loneliness that walks.” illustration by Joe Morse. Slavery and horror. This is a ghost story, full of haunted houses, magic spells, and the walking dead.
At the same time, most of the war one, terror in this story comes not from hauntings and ghouls but from the ordinary mechanics of slavery. Again and again, we hear ghost stories — stories about shambling creatures who steal milk from mothers, plant trees in their living bodies, lock them up in the new mfa creative writing, cages and collars, stories about mothers hanging from trees and friends set on world essay introduction, fire that turn out not to thesis search engines be ghost stories at world war one essay introduction, all, but real memories of things done by real people in eudora one writer essay, the name of slavery. That’s the point, really: that the reason no one is phased by something as banal as a baby ghost upsetting the dishes or a dead daughter walking out of world essay, a lake is because they’ve been living in an institutionalized slasher flick. As one character puts it, the country is so full of essay, ghosts in these times that it’s amazing anyone can move. Possession and love.
For Sethe, love is another word for freedom. As a slave, she was never able to love or be loved. She only essay remembers one conversation with her mother, who worked the fields while Sethe was cared for by other women. Her husband was the only one left of a dozen siblings, and Sethe knew that her children, too, could be taken away at any moment. Her marriage, and especially her motherhood, was just a joke to the people who owned her, like a dog making friends with another dog at essay international relations, a park.
As a result, Sethe now loves her family so much and so hard it, frankly, freaks people out. Even Paul D. is unnerved. Her love is world introduction, possessive, all-consuming, and thesis, functions on a level of blood and milk far beyond words. World War One Essay! It’s not fair, kind, or rational. Sacco! It’s the opposite: mad, intensely powerful, and introduction, often cruel. At the same time, it gives her the mfa creative admissions, strength to do any number of incredible things, and keeps her family going when nothing else will. It’s that love that drove Sethe to try to war one essay kill her children; and, at thesis search, the same time, it’s that love that allows Beloved to feed on world war one, her, growing larger and sacco summary essay, larger while her mother gives up and fades away. Which is, you know, a problem, because love can’t mean freedom if it also means its opposite.
The past. Sethe might be the only character with a living, breathing (well, sort of) embodiment of her past camped out on her kitchen floor, but there are plenty of other characters who come pretty close. All of the characters, especially the former slaves, are still in the grip of world war one, their dark pasts: humiliations they’ve endured, wounds they’ve suffered, horrors they’ve seen, people they’ve lost, terrible things they’ve done. In this book, it#8217;s the past, more than anything else, that’s beloved: the terrible, twisted memories that make these characters who they are, the ones they must let go of if they want to survive but can’t let go of without losing themselves. William Faulkner once said, “The past isn’t dead. Admissions! It isn’t even past.” This book takes that about essay, as literally as you can. Beloved is the saddest and scariest book about love that you will ever read. If you hang in masters proposal, there long enough, though, it might also, just possibly, make you start to believe in that cliche that love can set you free. Part to Quote So People Will Think You’ve Read It: “Risky, thought Paul D, very risky.
For a used-to-be-slave woman to love anything that much was dangerous, especially if it was her children she had settled on to love. World War One! The best thing, he knew, was to love just a little bit, so when they broke its back, or shoved it in a croaker sack, well, maybe you#8217;d have a little love left over for the next one.” Side Effects of summary essay, Reading This Book May Include: Poltergeists, walking corpses, dark secrets, and tears over shed blood and spilled milk. World War One! *I had this poem #8220;Open Letter to thesis engines Black People in Horror Movies#8221; by Omar Holmon #038; Anthony Ragler rattling in my head while I was writing this piece. Check it out: illustration by essay introduction Joe Morse. Love what you read?
Patronize Sara Pevar. That helps us and writing admissions, the writer. World Introduction! #8220;Mexican Reggae#8221; was the working title of The Eagles#8217; song, #8220;Hotel California.#8221;
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Do black Caribbean boys develop socially and emotionally as their white counterparts? The evidence that has been available from war one individual LEAs has tended to show that. the relative performance of eudora welty beginnings essay Black Caribbean pupils begins high, starts to decline. in Key Stage 2, tails off badly in Key Stage 3 and world war one, is below that of most other ethnic. groups at Key Stage 4. Summary! (OFSTED, 2002, p. 1) New Labour's election chant was 'education, education, education' but its practice, since coming to power, has appeared to favour privileged groups rather than those to whom it was addressed. Although government agenda has focussed on what are termed underprivileged and excluded groups, research undertaken by Gillborn and Mirza (2000) indicates that these policies have had little effect on the educational attainment of black boys. Despite concerns among the black community and despite government inclusion policies it is arguably the case that boys of war one Caribbean heritage may not do well in engines, the British education system. Concentrating on world primary school pupils from year six, key stage two, this paper will investigate whether black Caribbean boys are as socially and emotionally developed as their white counterparts and if not, whether a lack of this development triggers low educational achievement in later life.
The paper will begin with a definition of underachievement and ethnicity as used here, it will then define how children are socialised and nursing rguhs, assess the social and emotional development of black Caribbean boys against that of their white counterparts. Finally it will consider how social and emotional development may impact on later educational achievement. Underachievement and Ethnicity Debates Gillborn (2002) contends that underachievement is often perceived as related to ability when it is more often a consequence of problematic educational policies and practice that result in pupils failing to reach their potential. Essay Introduction! Across the the new school mfa creative, board boys are failing to do as well as girls in the educational arena and boys of black Caribbean heritage tend to fare worse than their white counterparts.Britain is an ethnically diverse country, although most ethnic minorities tend to live in crowded inner city areas (Giddens, 2001). The Swann Report of world essay introduction 1985 found significant differences in levels of educational achievement among groups from minority ethnic backgrounds with children from black Caribbean family backgrounds tending to fare worst.
This group are under-represented in higher education. Some theorists maintain that debates over underachievement are too deterministic. A positive self concept is necessary to emotional health. In an early study of black Caribbean children in sacco and vanzetti summary essay, London Stone (1981) found that on the whole these children had a positive self-concept and high self esteem. Most of the children did not get along well with teachers and were unhappy with the school system but this did not interfere with their self-esteem.
Failure to do well academically was not necessarily tied to a negative self-concept nor to problems in war one, emotional and social development but with school per se. Demie (2003) maintains that black Caribbean children have been neglected in the education system and nursing, their needs have not been addressed therefore black Caribbean boys in particular tend to underachieve across the key stages of education. She contends however, that the statistics relating to the underachievement of world war one black Caribbean boys are not clear cut because of confusion over essay international different ethnic groupings. Policy makers have tended to gloss over ethnic differences and have used the term 'black' to refer to all black people. This not only obscures diverse ethnicities e.g. African, Afro-Caribbean, black Caribbean and essay introduction, black British, it also causes problems in identifying underachievement if one is looking at a particular group. Demie (2003) says in sample proposal, this regard that: The term 'Black Caribbean' . makes sense for educational purposes, to statisticians and to war one essay introduction the Caribbean and African community, as it clearly differentiates pupils of Caribbean origin from Black Africans, which in the past were often lumped together as African Caribbean or Afro-Caribbean on political grounds. It focuses clearly to international address underachievement issues in educational debates and ensures that this focus is not lost or blurred in national policy formulation by world essay providing unambiguous data for policy makers and schools (Demie, 2003:8). Emotional and Social Development An inability to manage our emotions as restricts emotional growth and essay realism international, seriously affects our capacity for war one introduction, learning.
Social theorists have commented on the ways in which human emotional and social development is determined by factors in very early childhood. For example, Bowlby (1967) maintained that maternal deprivation in early life could have significant consequences in adolescence and later life. Their early experiences can determine how they relate to the world outside and affect their performance in school. Riding and welty one writer beginnings, Fairhurst (2001) maintain that: Effective learning in war one essay, the school is dependent to eudora welty one writer beginnings a significant extent on war one essay introduction pupils behaving reasonably, and responding appropriately to their teachers and to other pupils. In a class group, poor conduct behaviour by just a few pupils can have a very disruptive effect on nursing thesis rguhs the learning performance of the whole class (Riding and Fairhurst, 2001:1). Children learn how to world war one essay behave in the home environment. Charlton and George (1993) have argued that there are a number of factors that also contribute to children's behaviour, they may be biological, or they may relate to other social factors such as low income status or to school itself.
How children behave may therefore be attributable to a number of different factors. The rate at which young boys develop and the ways in which this is and vanzetti summary essay, measured are culturally and socially specific rather than universal. Prominent social theorists such as Durkheim and Parsons have contended that all human beings undergo a process of socialisation where they are taught the war one essay introduction, norms and values of the sacco and vanzetti essay, culture in which they live. The main instrument of this socialisation is the family, and world war one, sociologists have called this primary socialisation where along with social norms and values children learn or should learn about self-worth and about their place in the world. Children continue to be socialised (secondary socialisation) into certain roles by essay realism agencies such as schools and government. Parsons maintained that the ideal family was nuclear and consisted of two parents and one or two children (Giddens, 2001).
However, changes in social structure have meant that many children now grow up in homes with only one parent. It is widely accepted by theorists that this significantly affects a child's social and emotional development . It is a known fact that by essay and large black families in Britain tend to essay realism international relations be matriarchal. Contrary to the generally held belief that single parent households have a negative influence on black Caribbean boy's emotional and essay introduction, social development, Chamberlain (1999) maintains that the strong family support networks within these families more often results in a stable family home. Reynolds (2003) argues that because black women have such a dominant role in the home they also tend to extend this caring role by working in the community as social workers, care workers etc. Masters Thesis Proposal! This means that black males become marginal to world war one essay introduction family life and to caring in essay realism relations, the wider community. War One Essay! Children need to develop their full emotional potential if they are going to be able to properly cope with life in the wider social arena. Emotional stability is necessary if children are to be able to form relationships and get along with others. The 'problematisation' of nursing thesis black masculinity has been exacerbated within New Labour policy rhetoric through assumptions that 'race' is only a minority ethnic group issue (Phoenix, 2000) and that the war one, source of social problems can be located within the attitudes and behaviour of minority ethnic families and communities (Lewis, 2000 cited in Archer and the new school mfa creative writing admissions, Yamasita, 2003:2). Research tends to world introduction support the view that a loving and settled home life tends to promote sound emotional and social development . One parent homes and matriarchal families may do this but numbers of boys suffer from the lack of a suitable male role model and masters proposal, the older a child gets the more problematic this can become. Boys of black Caribbean heritage and essay introduction, boys from the dominant white community may underachieve because of peer disapproval, where it is essay, seen as 'uncool' to achieve academic success.
Jackson and Salisbury (1996) maintain that: Boys' identification with macho values and relations, where school learning is seen as unmanly, often leads to significant, academic underachievement in some groups of boys (particularly working class and some black groups). World Introduction! (Jackson Salisbury, 1996, p. 105; their brackets) Material Deprivation Recent Government debates have focussed on the anti-social behaviour of essay numbers of young boys, white and black, and how absent fathers and the lack of essay introduction discipline at home result in their being involved in eudora welty one writer beginnings essay, making noise, theft and introduction, criminal damage Government are concerned with the behaviour of young people and since 2000 schools now have a statutory responsibility to teach citizenship, this has been hotly debated as it raises the question of sacco summary how far children should be influenced by their teachers' values (Wilkins, 2003). Cooper et al (2003) maintain that underachievement is often influenced by social factors rather than a child's social and emotional development, and world war one, that there is a strong link between this and masters proposal, social and material deprivation. The article strongly favours Townsend's 1987 view that material deprivation eg bad housing, diet and health are strong, objective indicators of what lies behind things such as educational underachievement whereas social and developmental deprivation are more subjective in war one essay, nature and harder to thesis define. World Introduction! Research indicates that in essay international relations, inner city schools where a third of children at key stage 2 are in receipt of free school meals, year 6 pupils more than 40% failed to attain a level 40% failed to attain a level 4 (the required level) in maths and english.(Rahman et al, 2001).
This report also maintains that in England and Wales school exclusions are on the increase, the greater number of world excluded boys are of black Caribbean heritage. Material deprivation affects both black and white boys, although more black Caribbean boys may suffer material deprivation than their peers and it is on the increase. In 2000 110 LEAs claimed an increase in the number of pupils in particular primary schools who were experiencing material deprivation (Cooper et al, 2003). While there may be some mileage in theories such as Bowlby's maternal deprivation thesis for the social and emotional development of both black Caribbean and white boys, in British society the black boys' development is inevitably affected by what Rattansi (2000) has termed 'a lack of whiteness'. The views of their peers and professionals such as teachers and social workers contribute to this idea of beginnings essay lack. Owusu-Bempah (1994) contends that:
Many social workers today seem to accept the view that black children would rathe be white as self-evident. This seems to be particularly the case when so called mixed-race children are involved. War One Introduction! [This] leads otherwise well-intentioned social workers to sample masters proposal pathologise even those children with well balanced personality (Owusu-Bempah, 1994, p. 133). Often children will not react against such stereotyping because as Gordon (2001) contends the silencing of black people's voices is part of British social structure because the essay introduction, white majority regard British society as belonging to thesis search them. This, and other issues that affect the social and emotional development of war one essay young black Caribbeans, and eudora one writer beginnings essay, particularly black Caribbean boys have been a major source of concern within the black community. War One! Odih (2002) maintains that while mentoring programmes (introduced in primary schools in 2000) may be a central component of Government policy concerning the thesis search, apparent educational underachievement of black Caribbean boys, its promotion of hegemonic male role models marginalises, and prevents their progress. These measures coincide with increasing calls within the world essay introduction, black community and among anti-feminist male activists for the provision of male role models to and vanzetti remedy the current underachievement of male students. In New Labour's educational discourse, gender and racial inequality are defined as problems of ineffectiveness, standards and performance. War One! For anti-feminist male activists, the prevalence of female teachers, 'soft' pedagogic practices and matriarchal families are the prime cause for the underachievement of boys (Odhi, 2002:1). Class and nursing, Race Archer and Yamashita (2003) note that in inner city areas underachievement cannot be restricted to world war one essay introduction ethnic identity, rather: . critical approaches to theorising issues of masculinity and schooling need to engage with complex identities and inequalities across 'race', ethnicity, gender and class (Archer and Yamasita, 2003:2).
Archer and school mfa creative writing admissions, Yamasita are of the opinion that policy discourses on race and ethnicity imply that these are the cause of world social problems. This has the effect of singling out thesis search engines ethnic minority children (and particularly black Caribbean boys ) as different and problematic because the 'normal' child is represented as white, middle class and male. As has been noted earlier the issue is further exacerbated by a tendency to racially homogenise black people thus stereotyping black masculine identity as problematic and deviant. World Introduction! They are thus, according to Alexander (2000) made invisible within policy debates and highly visible in public debates concerning perceived problems associated with black masculine identity. Archer and Yamasita (2003) also found that there was a resistance to schoolwork and an espousal of 'bad boy' identities among both black Caribbean boys and their white counterparts. They point to the problematising of sacco essay white working class boy's identities as well as the war one essay introduction, identities of black boys and sample thesis, they refer to war one essay 'entangled masculinities '. They conclude that in some areas in Britain class and race are inextricably linked when it comes to and vanzetti summary essay boy's educational achievement. Because policy makers do not refer to masculine identities outside of an educational context and within a local area there may be little progress in world essay, attracting such boys to formal learning because it is not a part of nursing rguhs their own identity formations. Conclusion This paper has investigated whether the social and emotional development of black Caribbean boys differs from world war one their white counterparts and results in educational underachievement. Drawing on different debates surrounding this issue it has been argued that there is little evidence to suggest that there is school admissions, much discrepancy between the social and emotional development of black Caribbean boys and white boys. Rather there are a number of factors that can trigger educational underachievement and that these relate to white boys as well as black Caribbean boys. Essay! It has been found that race/ethnicity and class are closely connected and that there are more similarities than differences among young boys.
Research, and OFSTED reports indicate that once in school black Caribbean boy's progress deteriorates across the key stages. However, current debates suggest that this also the case with numbers of their white counterparts and that perhaps government and policy discourses tend to marginalise all those who are outside the 'norm' of white middle class males. Rather than a lack of social and emotional development, this paper has found that the educational system poses problems for many youngsters and this is sample proposal, particularly evident among black Caribbean boys and their white working class counterparts. ALEXANDER, C. (1996) The Art of Being Black: the creation of black British youth identities (Oxford, Oxford University Press). ALEXANDER, C. War One! (2000) (Dis)Entangling the 'Asian Gang': ethnicity, identity, masculinity, in: B. HESSE (Ed.) (2000) Un/Settled Multiculturalisms: diasporas, entanglements, transruptions (London, Zed Books). Archer, L. and Yamashita, H. 2003 Theorising inner city masculinities Gender and Education Volume 15 No. 2 June 2003 Burns, J. and writing admissions, Bracey, P. 2001 Boys underachievement: Issues, challenges and possible ways forward Westminster Studies in world war one, Education Volume 24 No. 2 1st July 2001 p. 155-166 CHARLTON, T. GEORGE, J. (1993). The development of behaviour problems. In: T. CHARLTON and K. DAVID (Eds), Managing Misbehaviour in Schools. London: Routledge Cooper, M. Lloyd-Reason, L. and Wall, S. 2003 Social deprivation and educational underachievement: Lessons from eudora one writer London Education and Training Volume 45 No.
2 2003 Demie, F. 2003 Raising the achievement of Caribbean pupils in British schools: Unacknowledged problems and challenges for policy makers London Review of Education. Volume 1 No. 3 November 2003 p. 229-249 Giddens, A. 2001 4th Ed. Sociology Cambridge, Polity Press GILLBORN, D. MIRZA, H.S. (2000) Educational Inequality: mapping race, class and gender, London, OFSTED GILLBORN, D. (2002) Education and institutional racism. Inaugural professorial lecture, Institute of war one essay Education, University of London.
JACKSON, D. SALISBURY, J. (1996) Why should secondary schools take working with boys seriously? Gender Education, 8, pp. 103-115. Sample Proposal! .Odhi, P. 2002 Mentors and role models: Masculinity and the educational under-achievement of young black Afro-Caribbean males Race, Ethnicity and Education Volume 5 No. 1 1st March, 2002 p.91-105 OFSTED (2001) Managing Support for the Attainment of war one Pupils from Minority Ethnic Groups. The New School Mfa Creative Writing Admissions! www.ofsted.gov.uk/publications/. .OWUSU-BEMPAH, J. (1994) Race, self-identity and social work British Journal of Social Work, 24, pp. Essay! 123-136. Rahman, M., Palmer, G., Kenway, P. Essay! (2001), Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York, Rattansi, A. 2000 On being and not being brown/black British:racism, class, sexuality and world war one introduction, ethnicity in masters thesis, post-imperial Britain Interventions: International and Post-Colonial Studies Volume 2 No. 1 1st March 2000 p. World War One! 118-134 Reynolds, T. Eudora Essay! 2003 Black to the community: An analysis of black community parenting in Britain Community, Work and Family Volume 6 No.
1 2003 Riding and Fairhurst 2001 Cognitive style, home background and world war one, conduct behaviour in primary school pupils Educational Psychology Volume 21 No. 1 2001. Wilkins, C. 2003 Teachers and young citizens: Teachers talk about their role as social educators Westminster Studies in Education Volume 26 No. 1 June 2003. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Sociology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of rguhs us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Sociology work in world war one essay introduction, your email box, in as little as 3 hours.
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World War 1 Essay Introduction
Women: Essay on The Position of Women in India. Essay on The Position of world essay Women in India! The position of women in ancient India has been a very complicated one because of the paradoxical statements in different religious scriptures and sometimes in the same text at different places. Some have described their status as ‘equals to men’, while others have held not only in disrespect but even in positive hatred. This is why it has presented many problems to sociologists while evaluating women’s status in India. The cultural history of India reveals that in India theoretically women enjoyed the status of one writer essay devi (goddess) as described in many religious texts of Hindus, the majority community in India. Though woman enjoyed the introduction theoretical importance which these texts outline for the wife who was defined ardhangini (better-half), but in practice she had a subservient position than man. Thesis Search Engines! She was regarded as a ‘chattle’ (a corporal moveable property) with no rights. It was generally seen and world essay introduction believed that women had lower status with reference to power and influence than men in all spheres of life—family, community, religion and politics. Realism International Relations! Till recently, it was held that up to marriage, she is protected by her parents, during married life, she is looked after by her husband, and after the death of world war one her husband, she was used to international relations spend remaining years of her life under the roof of world war one introduction her children without any will or desire and essay international relations rights in the family.
She was not allowed to decide how money would be spent or invested. She did not have any money at war one introduction her disposal. She had to take permission to spend money from essay relations, her elders—father, brother or husband or any other male or female elder person in the family. In brief, she had no personality of her own. Introduction! Some scholars have explained this inferior status of women as a result of patriarchal code of living. The rigid codes of behaviour as outlined for women in Brahmanical texts were also responsible for the new the low status of women in India. War One! In the following paragraphs we will survey, in the new admissions, brief, the position of women in world essay, India from Rigvedic period to sample modern times.
It is generally upheld on world war one essay the basis of the eudora instances depicted in religious texts (e.g., Vedas, Upanishads, Smritis, epics like Ramayan and Mahabharat and other Dharmasastras) that in ancient India, especially in Rigvedic period, women enjoyed equal status with men. They had an honourable place in war one essay introduction, the society. They were not secluded from men and freely participated in public life. They attended great assemblies and state occasions. They studied the Vedas and composed hymns. Realism International! They also distinguished themselves in science and learning at their times. They were considered intellectual companies of their husbands, as the friends and war one introduction loving helpers in the journey of life of their partners, in their religious duties and sample the centre of their domestic bliss. In Vedic times, women were not treated as inferior or subordinate but equal to men in world introduction, all matters of life.
They were given education and had a voice in the selection of their husband. Marriage was regarded as a religious bond. Child marriage was unknown. Often there were love marriages known as Gandharva Vivaha. Monogamy was a general rule. Polygamy was almost unknown.
Women enjoyed complete freedom in household matters. In the religious field, women enjoyed all rights and regularly participated in international relations, religious ceremonies. In fact, the performance of world introduction religious ceremonies was considered invalid without wife joining her husband as she was regarded as ardhangini (better-half). The references in the Rigveda to the life of a widow are very few but it was not characterized by restrictions and austerities as in the new admissions, the post-Vedic days. Remarriage of widows was allowed. There are a number of references to the custom of Niyoga where a brother of the deceased husband/or any other person could marry the widow.
The earlier Dharamsastra writers allowed divorce; Kautilya gave detailed rules of divorce. As regards sati, burning of the widow, Shakuntala Rao Sastri writes that the Rigveda does not mention anywhere the practice of the burning or burial of widows with their dead husbands. As regards property rights, according to Vedic hymns, both husband and wife was joint owner of the property. Women inherited and possessed property, but their rights were limited. As a daughter, she had no share in world essay, her father’s property. Similarly, as a wife, a woman had no direct share in eudora welty one writer beginnings essay, her husband’s property. As a widow, she was supposed to lead an ascetic life and introduction had no share in husband’s property.
Thus, it may be concluded that in Vedic period women had equal rights with men. Their status was fairly high and they were treated as equals with men in almost all spheres of thesis life. Post-Vedic Period (Upanishads, Puranic and Smriti Periods) : The position enjoyed by women in Vedic period deteriorated in post-Vedic period. It was gradually degraded in world war one essay, the Puranic and Smriti periods. The description of and vanzetti essay position before BC 300 shows that she enjoyed a fairly high status, though not to the extent that she enjoyed in Vedic period.
It appears that several drastic changes that took place in the Indian society from world war one essay introduction, about BC 300 to the beginning of the mfa creative writing admissions Christian era led to the curtailment of freedom of women. Imposition of Brahminical rules and code of conduct, rigid restrictions imposed by caste system and joint family system were the main reasons for lowering of essay status in this period. A daughter began to be regarded as curse. They were denied the right of thesis rguhs inheritance and ownership of property. Pre-puberty marriages came to be practised. World War One Introduction! She was forbidden to offer sacrifices and prayers and undertake pilgrimages.
Practice of polygyny came to be tolerated. Some of the Dharamsastras mention about the prohibition of Niyoga and widow remarriage. The widow was asked to devote herself to an ascetic life at home. Marriage became an irrevocable union as far as the wife was concerned. The Smriti writers preached that the wife should look upon her husband as God.
Widows were required to spend a life of search penance and austerity. Sati had become popular by the 7th century AD. In this period, women were regarded just as a means of satisfying the physical desires of men. Just to refer one instance of Mahabharata, it is said that ‘there was no creature more sinful than man … woman is the root of all ills’. This simple quotation is sufficient to prove that how disrespect was shown towards women.
However, it is not out of place to mention here that Indian scriptures are full of paradoxical statements. At one place, women were regarded as goddess, held in high esteem, where at other place in world war one, the same scripture, in some other context, they were regarded, no better than just slaves or chattels. Disregarding what was practised at any particular time, the ancient Indian scriptures and documents (Mahabharata, Ramayana, Vedic hymns, and various codes of the law of Manu) gave women a very high and protected place in their basic moral codes. Husband and wife stood as equals before God. Up to this period purdah (veil) was not commonly observed by women. Divorce was, however, not permissible to them. But then, it was not permissible to men either. Their position was not one of complete disability but one dictated by justice and fairness. Women used to thesis search help their male members of their family in economic pursuits. They sometimes accompanied their husband or other members of the family in hunting and agricultural pursuits. The period between 11th century to 18th century witnessed further deterioration in the position of women due to the impact of Muslim culture.
In this period, female infanticide, child marriage, purdah system, sati and slavery were the main social evils affecting the position of women. The birth of a female child began to be regarded as curse, a bad luck. World Essay! They were almost confined to the doors of the new school writing their homes. World War One Essay Introduction! There was further curtailment of freedom of women in matters of the new writing admissions education, mate selection, public appearances, etc. Purdah system came to be rigorously followed. Women education was almost banned. More and more feeling of conservatism increased about women. She not only continued to hold low status in war one essay introduction, and outside home rather her position worsened in thesis, this period.
It is often said that in India the purdah (veil) system came into existence only after the arrival of Moghuls. A.S. Altekar, in his book. The Position of world war one Women in Hindu Civilization (1962) writes: ‘This for nearly 2000 years from BC 20 to 1800 AD, the position of women steadily deteriorated though she was fondled by sample masters the parents, loved by the husband and revered by her children. The revival of Sati, the war one essay prohibition of remarriage, the spread of Purdah and the greater prevalence of engines polygamy made her position very bad.’ Thus, there was a vast difference between the status of women in the early Vedic period and world war one essay the subsequent periods, stretching from post-Vedic to the medieval period. The dual standards of morality set by thesis rguhs Manu Smriti and other Smritis continue to world essay prevail right up to now though some changes are visible in urban educated women. During the period of British rule of about 200 years (early 18th century to the first half of essay realism relations 20th century) some substantial progress was achieved in world essay introduction, eliminating inequalities between men and nursing thesis women in matters of education, employment, social and property rights and so forth. Sati, purdah, female infanticide, child marriage, inheritance, slavery, prohibition of widow remarriage and the lack of war one women’s rights in search engines, different fields were some of the world war one essay introduction problems which attracted the attention of British Raj. Though the British rulers initially decided not to interfere with the traditional social fabric of Indian people (Hindus) and as such they took no steps to bring any change in the status of women in India.
It is only in the latter half of the 19th century and the first quarter of the 20th century that they took some steps to thesis abolish or change some social customs through legislative measures. For such measures incentive was provided to them by some social reformers, such as Raja Ram Mohan Rai, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Dayanand Saraswati, Keshab Chandra Sen, Swami Vivekanand, Maharashi Karve, Justice Ranade, Mahatma Gandhi and others. Through the efforts and war one the various movements launched by these great social leaders of the 19th century before independence, it had been possible to get many legislations passed and public opinion mobilized in favour of some issues of engines social reforms. These steps have paved the world essay introduction way in thesis rguhs, removing the world essay introduction obstacles in the progress of women. Not only this, it had helped in eliminating inequalities between men and women and eudora welty one writer beginnings essay giving proper respect to the other-half of the world essay society. The most significant legislations relating to the problems faced by mfa creative admissions the Indian (Hindu) women passed during British period were as follows:
1. Abolition of Sati Act, 1813. 2. The Hindu Widow Remarriage Act, 1856. 3. Civil Marriage Act, 1872. 4. Married Women’s Property Act, 1874. 5. World War One Essay Introduction! The Child Marriage Restraint Act (Sharda Act), 1929. 6. Hindu Law of Inheritance Act, 1929. 7. Hindu Women’s Rights to Property Act, 1939. 8. Hindu Marriage Disabilities Removal Act, 1946. Besides these Acts, many provincial governments also enacted some legislation.
In 1779, infanticide was declared to be a murder by the Bengal Regulation XXI. In 1804, this was extended to other parts of the country. Another significant feature of the 19th century was the attempt made by social reformers to educate Indian girls. For more than 2,000 years, from about BC 300, there was practically no formal education for women. Only a few women of the upper castes and classes were given some education at home. The ideas of imparting education in a formal manner first emerged during the thesis engines British period.
Christian missionaries took great interest to impart education to war one essay the girls. It was in 1824 when the first girl’s school was started in Bombay (Mumbai). In 1882, girls were allowed to pursue higher education. Since then, to pursue there has been a continuous progress in the field of education of girls in India. In the last decades of 19th century, a marked change took place in the outlook of both men and women about the education and sample masters employment of women as teachers, nurses, doctors, etc. This changed outlook towards women’s education also helped in raising the age of marriage and world essay enacting legislation to ban sati. Thus, the ground prepared by the 19th century social reformers and their untiring efforts led to essay realism relations the emancipation of women. This also helped them to world war one essay take their rightful place in thesis search, society. In addition to the measures to world war one uplift the status of women in India initiated by thesis rguhs Britishers, many vigorous steps (legal, social, economic and political) have been taken by Government of India after independence by removing the hurdles put in their way by traditional past. The efforts of the social reformers and their movements launched in the pre-independence period also bore fruits. The Indian National Movement also led to the emancipation of Indian women.
The leaders of the national movement realized that the liberation of the world country from the bondage of imperialism was impossible without the active participation of women who constituted half of the population of the country. Most of the eudora welty social reformers and thinkers of the world war one essay introduction 19th and 20th centuries were influenced by the tenets of the one writer liberal philosophy of the West, which emphasized the world essay principle of contract rather than status, a rational outlook of life and problems, freedom of speech, criticism of authority, questioning of accepted dogmas and finally the recognition of the value of the individual and insistence on the rights of man as opposed to his duties. They also got impetus from Upanishads and other Hindu scriptures. The decades after independence have seen tremendous changes in the status and position of the welty beginnings women in Indian society. World War One Introduction! The Constitution of India has laid down as a fundamental right the equality of sexes. But, the change from essay realism international relations, a position of utter degradation of world essay women to a position of equality is not a simple case of the progress of women in the modern era. To uplift the status of women, many legislations pertaining to women were enacted after independence.
These were mainly related to marriage, divorce, inheritance of property and employment. Some of the important Acts are mentioned below: 1. The Hindu Marriage Validity Act, 1949. 2. The Special Marriage Act, 1954. 3. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (amended in 1986 and sacco and vanzetti 2010). 4. The Hindu Succession Act, 1956. 5. Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956. 6. The Sati Prevention Act, 1987.
7. War One! The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961. 8. Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986. 9. Prohibition of thesis rguhs Child Marriage Act, 2007. 10. Protection of Women from essay, Domestic Violence Act, 2005. 11. Thesis Search! Compulsory Registration of Marriage Act, 2006. Besides, the world war one essay introduction Acts especially related to employment are:
1. Relations! The Factory Act, 1948. 2. Employees Insurance Act, 1948. 3. War One Essay! The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961. 4. The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976. The above legislations and many other emancipatory actions of the social reformers have no doubt raised the status of women in India but still much is to be done in this field.
The institution of bigamy (man marrying any number of women) has almost come to an end; if detected, it has become a punishable offence. Today, both sexes have the right to a civil marriage. The age of marriage without parents’ consent has been increased to 21 for boys and 18 for girls. Thus, monogamy along with facility of judicial separation, nullity and divorce (even on mutual consent), inheritance (equal share in paternal property), adoption, widow remarriage and sati abolition are some of the salient features of post-independence era which put men and women on equal footings from the point of view of legislative measures. However, social legislations have not been very effective in India because of many reasons. One important reason is nursing, that most of the women are not fully aware of the measures adopted by the state for their upliftment and even if aware they do not use them because of the old social values that are still persisting. These traditions and values inhibit them to take any revolutionary steps. Legal or legislative sanctions alone cannot bring any substantial change in introduction, the downtrodden position of women unless there is a marked change in the new school mfa creative writing, their attitude and consciousness of essay men and women both. In this regard, their illiteracy is one of the great hindrances.
According to the 2001 Census, 45.84 per cent and 2011 Census, 34 per cent of women are still illiterate in India. Even literate women also do not exercise their right of equality wherever it is required. Thus, the status of women has been raised in the eyes of law, but they are still far from equal to men in every sphere of life. In practice, they continue to suffer discrimination, harassment, humiliation and exploitation in and outside home. Theoretically, women might have been given more freedom but in practice, they still suffer many hardships, inhuman dignities and search engines unworthy treatment everywhere. Within the home, she is still not treated at par with her male counterpart. Barring a few urban educated families, a baby girl is war one essay, never welcomed with as much eclat and happiness as a baby boy. Sometimes, the birth of a girl is eudora welty one writer essay, regarded as a bad omen.
They are not treated as equals to men, and not given due respect in the family (75 per cent women are in labour force but only 0.01 per cent has property rights). Male’s roles as father and war one husband still dominate over both his children and wife. The power to nursing thesis rguhs govern the home and the authority still rests in the hands of male head of the household. The dominant father model still persists in most of the middle and lower class families. Leaving aside a few, in the so-called modern families wives have not become equal partners to their husbands even if they are well-educated or more educated to their husbands. Most of the decisions of the household—from purchasing daily household items to introduction decide about the education and essay realism marriage of their children—are taken by father/husband.
There is no significant change in the attitude of the males even in the families where females are working outside the home. Women as daughters or wives have to seek permission from their fathers/husbands for essay going outside home or for receiving higher education. In some families, it is seen that husbands do not allow their wives of the same caliber and education to take up any job assignment of the same status outside the home. They prefer their educated wives should utilize their energies just in welty beginnings essay, home management and rearing and caring of children or old parents. Women’s lower status in Indian society contributes to early marriages, lower literacy, poor nutrition and high fertility and mortality levels, especially during the reproductive age. In professional field their condition is also not better. Till recently, women from the higher castes were not allowed to work outside the home for some remunerative job. They do not enjoy equal rights in many matters in the occupational fields also. They do not hold office of the higher rank, leaving aside a few popular cases. A woman executive may be of the same rank as a male executive, but because she is a woman, she may not receive the same honour and world war one essay prestige, he receives.
The case of super cop Kiran Bedi is well known. She was superseded for mfa creative writing admissions the post of Delhi Police Commissioner by a man two years junior to her in service. Similarly, a woman IAS officer Reva Nayyar did not make it as Cabinet Secretary and war one essay introduction Veena Sikri, IFS was not appointed as the Foreign Secretary. There are still any numbers of other victims who wither unseen. Twenty-one years ago Wall street Journal had coined the term ‘glass ceiling’ to refer to apparent barriers that prevent from reaching the top hierarchy that still hold true, barring a few exceptional cases. Essay Relations! Furthermore, women earn less than men have less access to more prestigious better paying occupations even when they are equal in all respects. The best example is provided by the rural India, where in theory women are equated with goddess, but in actual practice, they are treated as drudges. The problems of inferiority, inequality, dependence and world introduction the exploitation experienced by women have not much changed in the villages, where most of the India lives, even after 65 years of independence. Ill-treatment is coupled with no equal opportunity for social participation in spite of the immense amount of work which is international relations, expected of them in the home as well as in agricultural field or in some employment. One of the main characteristics of women is war one essay introduction, her multi-tasking dexterity. She is usually the one who handles home as well as occupational field or office.
To conclude, let us quote Jessie Bernard (1981) who argued that the status of thesis women cannot be compared with that of men. It is world essay, generally said that men have higher status because they are usually better educated and have more organizational skills and experience than women. In addition to sacco essay these, women acquire their status from their husbands, that they are socialized to world war one essay think themselves as inferior, and they are physio-psychologically conditioned, to use the modern term, they are programmed to be wives and mothers, non-competitive with men because they are less able to compete. Furthermore, women earn less than men have less access to more prestigious, better paying occupations even when they are equally qualified or experienced. Even having children increases the husband’s power, for the wife becomes more dependent. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.
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30 Book Report Templates #038; Reading Worksheets. Reading helps students develop a strong imagination, encourages their creativity, and strengthens their analytical skills. Teachers assign a lot of book reports to ensure that students read lots of books, especially at that critical early age when they are still trying to master the written word. World War One Essay? To cut down on some of the workload, students and teachers can find a book report template to download and fill in. This gives more time to enjoy the act of reading, so students can become life long learners. A book report is typically given as an assignment to students in elementary and middle school. Students fill out thesis, a form answering basic questions about the book they were assigned to read. Turning in the report serves as proof to the teacher that the war one essay student read the book and, hopefully, got something out of sacco and vanzetti essay, it.
These reports may ask students to war one detail what the book was about, the names of the main characters, what the theme of the book is, and where the sample thesis proposal events are set. Some reports may ask specific questions about events or characters to ensure that the students read the book all the way through. The report can also help students understand the world war one essay introduction book better by asking them to think about its meaning and the plot. Search? Teachers may also hand out worksheets for students to complete in class or as homework. These are usually limited to the earlier grades when students are still learning to read. Reading worksheets ask simple questions about the book without requiring multiple sentence answers. These questions may ask students to essay name a favorite character, or mention the main conflict in a few words. It’s not uncommon for the teacher to read a picture book with the class and have students fill out a worksheet afterwards. If the classroom has a bookshelf, there may also be a ‘Reading Time’ when students pick out a book to thesis read.
When they finish, the students fill out the worksheet and submit it to their teacher. Book report forms are a popular choice of assignment for world essay elementary school classes. These forms make it simple for students to complete the report by filling out the search engines worksheet. These sheets can be generic with standard questions, or teachers may create a unique sheet with questions specific to world essay introduction each different book that is assigned. Search? These forms also help introduce students to the idea of war one essay, a book report format and show them what kind of information may be expected on longer, multi-page reports that they are expected to complete in the higher grades. A form is also easier to grade, especially for teachers who have a large classroom and more assignments to go over than usual. A simple book report features a few sections that ask students to answer questions in paragraph format.
These each ask students to detail a different element of the book. Sample Masters Thesis? All book report forms will ask for the title, author name, and the illustrator’s name, if it is a picture book. The other elements on world war one introduction, a simple form include: Setting – This is where the book’s events took place, i.e. New York. Characters – A list of who the main characters are and their names. Plot – A basic overview of the major events in and vanzetti summary, the book. Your impressions – Whether you like the book or not, and why. World Essay Introduction? A simple form may also just ask the one writer beginnings essay students to describe the beginning, middle, and end events of the book in three questions. War One? Students may also be expected to identify the climax, which is the sample masters most intense point of the book where the main character’s problems are resolved or made worse. This helps get students thinking about the traditional progression of a plot. Introduction? Eventually, teachers transition students to writing a multi-page book report.
The report is usually written in a word processing software, like MS Word. Students can find book report format templates for these assignments too. These longer reports are written out in paragraph form. The teacher asks the students to address different elements of a book in their own words or with their own formatting. A simple way to organize these reports is to divide them into writing admissions three basic sections, the introduction, main body, and conclusion. War One Introduction? In the main body, students can create a different subheading for each element to address. For instance, Introduction – The first paragraph; includes book title, author, genre, and why you chose the book. Main Body – The middle part of the report; includes summary, theme, setting, and search engines, characters. Conclusion – A short summary of the book report and world introduction, opinion of the book. Difference Between The Book Report Types.
The short book report form is handed out by eudora welty beginnings, the teacher and can be completed in one night like a homework assignment. A multi-page report is created by the student and may take more than one night to finish. World Essay Introduction? Short templates are available in lots of fun book report ideas suitable for young children. They have questions with a few lines to hand write the answers in a few short sentences. Some templates may include activities to summary make them more interesting to students, such as having them draw out a scene from the book or re-write the world ending. Multi-page reports start out as two page reports and gradually increase in size through middle school and high school.
Of course, those two page reports are just as difficult for young students as the five page reports are for high school students. The great thing about these assignments is that students are usually free to organize their book report ideas however they desire. They can create bold sub-headers for the main body of the report. Students can write about the theme, characters, and mfa creative, setting separately. Or they can leave out the headers and devote their report to a specific element, such as the book theme. This allows students to war one essay weave information about characters and setting into the report where they are most relevant to the theme. The former works well for short chapter books, and the latter is better for the new mfa creative admissions books that may feature multiple themes. Ideas for Different Kinds of Book Reports. There is more than one way to complete a book report.
Both teachers and world essay, students may find these creative ideas more interesting than a straightforward report. Write a review of the book. Create the report in the form of a newspaper or blog review. Summarize the book without giving away the plot or the ending. Talk about what made you like it or, if you hated it. Essay Realism? Feel free to give the book a thumbs up or down rating at the end. Do a diary.
Use a journal template to create a diary written by one of the main characters. There should be multiple entries that follow or discuss the events of the world war one essay book from that character’s point of view. Interview one of the characters. Essay Realism Relations? Create an imaginary interview with one of the characters in the book. Ask them questions about where they come from, why the world war one introduction character did something important to the plot, and what the character thinks about the outcome of the events in the book. Write a newspaper article. Create an imaginary newspaper article detailing one of the major events in the book, such as a theft or an important discovery. Make sure to nursing thesis answer the world who, what, where, when, and why of these events in your article. What To Do Once You’ve Written The Report.
When students finish writing out their book reports, they have completed what is called the “First Draft” or “Rough Draft”. Nursing Rguhs? This is war one essay introduction just the first stage of the report, but it is the most difficult part. Finishing up that report in the following steps is and vanzetti essay a lot easier. Read and mark the report. War One? Read through the book report from thesis proposal beginning to end to world war one introduction get a feel for it overall. Get a brightly colored pen to nursing mark any spelling or punctuation errors you find in the report. Young students may want to read through their reports with their parents or a tutor. Sometimes, teachers actually make students submit a rough draft of their reports for points before the final report is due. The teacher reviews the draft, makes edits, and suggestions for changing the report before final submission. Make edits to world introduction the report. Go back into the report file and make the easy grammar and spelling fixes.
Take a look at your teacher’s suggestions or the ideas you wrote down for rguhs things to change in the report. Create a plan to make those additions or changes. World War One? Make the changes to the report. Don’t forget to save your file as a separate document. For instance, save your rough draft as, Report1.doc, and this updated version as, Report2.doc. Review the mfa creative writing report. Print out world war one essay, a fresh copy of the report. Read through it one more time looking for spelling errors and grammar mistakes. Keep an eye out for nursing thesis spots where the text doesn’t make sense. This can sometimes happen when you add new content to introduction a report. If there are mistakes, fix them in the document file and review one more time.
Your final draft is ready to print out when you can no longer find any mistakes. Book reports are a big part of the curriculum. That doesn’t mean they have to be a lot of work for the students or the teacher. Make assigning these reports less of a hassle with these tips. Assign one book for the entire class to read. This can cut down on the effort required in understanding submitted reports.
Pick out sacco and vanzetti summary essay, a short book report template to use. There is no need to use valuable time in world essay introduction, creating one from scratch. Print out more copies of the form than are needed. Some students may lose theirs and need an extra form. Make reminder announcements when a due date approaches. Remind students at least twice before a book report due date. Keep the word count requirement low. Teachers also have to spend more time reviewing longer reports. Consider creative alternatives to some written reports.
When your curriculum includes a lot of book reports, give students the option of turning in a drawing, diorama, or another project as a break. Being assigned a book report to complete can seem like a daunting task, especially if if you have never written a multi-page report. Make sure you don’t fall behind on sample masters thesis, the work by following a few of these tips. Make up a reading schedule to complete the book well in advance of the report being due. Use a calendar to remind yourself. Assign yourself different steps to complete each night for the report, i.e. make an outline, write 200 words, or revising Ask the teacher for help with ideas if you can’t figure out how to get started. Look for examples of introduction, completed reports to see how they are structured. Book reports vary in their length and complexity.
Elementary school students get simple, one page forms to fill in about the books they read. Those in middle school and high school usually have to write multiple page reports. Nearly all reports require students to beginnings essay talk about the world war one plot, theme, characters, and admissions, how they liked the book. Both students and teachers can find a lot of templates to war one introduction use. Those looking for thesis rguhs something generic for students to fill in after reading a book can pick up a .pdf or .jpg form.
Those who want more control over the look and world war one essay, wording of the template should download a .doc file.
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correct essays word A guide to writing simply and effectively. Writing essays and war one essay dissertations. Spelling - the common mistakes. There is only one way to write properly (Yes, you spotted it!). Writing? It is to write in such a way that your meaning is clear to the reader. It's as easy as that! Well, perhaps it's not so easy.
There are lots of styles of introduction, writing - from the simple, direct style of thesis rguhs, The Sun or Daily Record to the almost impenetrable style of some academic journals. All are correct in their way, because they address particular types of reader. In truth, though, The Sun is written better than are many academic articles. War One Introduction? Perhaps that's why it seems more interesting! In order to make our meaning understood, we must follow the basic rules and conventions of the English language. Realism International Relations? These rules and conventions are not too difficult, but if you get them wrong you will be in trouble.
Employers expect graduates to be educated, so if you cannot write clearly and correctly, or if your spelling lets you down, then you are unlikely to world essay introduction, get a job. As I write this, I am in welty one writer beginnings the process of ranking Edinburgh students' applications for study on the North American Exchange Programme. The candidates must write a summary of why they wish to study overseas. One candidate wrote 126 words and managed to world war one essay, include five spelling errors - experiance (twice), i ndependant , thouroughly , and exhilerating . That's not very impressive! Help is at hand, but it is up to YOU whether you take it or leave it. If you want to improve your writing, you will find much to guide you on this site. If your spelling is poor then you should always use the Spelling tool of a word-processor. One final point: I have written this site in a conversational style, but for most of your submitted work you will need to be a little more formal - avoid exclamation marks and thesis engines words like don't . Most of world essay introduction, all, avoid it's at all costs - it's always going to let you down! (see Its and nursing rguhs it's ). But, whatever you do, try to world essay, avoid being dull. You can miss this section if : you really know how to use words to make your meaning clear, you never separate a verb from its subject or object by a comma, you never join sentences by a comma, you never lose your way in a sentence.
Otherwise, you would be well advised to read these notes. Scientific writing tends to be simple and direct, because the essence of science is information and its interpretation. However, scientific writing need not be boring. Indeed, it should not be boring! That's a matter of style, and style comes with practice. But most people can write interesting scientific essays by following a few simple rules. 1. Write in the way that comes naturally to you, while following the basic rules. 2. Avoid colloquialisms . The reader of one writer beginnings essay, The Sun expects to find words such as Gotcha! and clobbered. The reader of scientific work expects a bit more formality. 3. Organise your material so that your work has a clear structure, with logical flow of examples and war one introduction arguments; then the subject content will interest the relations reader.
4. War One? Don't try to be clever: use simple, common words instead of obscure words; use a simple, direct form of nursing rguhs, writing rather than putting on airs and graces. 5. War One Introduction? Make sure that your meaning is absolutely clear to the reader. 6. Produce a draft, and expect to rework it two or three times before it is ready for submission. The following sentence contains most of the common elements that make up the English language. The (termed the definite article - in this case it defines a particular bacterium, not any type of bacterium) pink ( adjective - a word that describes a noun) bacterium ( noun , and in this case the subject of the verb - the thing that is performing the sacco summary essay action of the verb) well ( adverb - a word that describes a verb, in essay the same way as an adjective describes a noun) on ( preposition - a word placed before a noun or a phrase to indicate some relationship with what follows) a ( indefinite article - like the definite article, but in this case it means any medium not the medium) containing ( participle - a word that serves as an adjective (describing the medium in this case) but is derived from eudora beginnings a verb, to contain) Our sentence also contains a clause (the first underlined section - 'The pink bacterium grew well') and world a phrase (the second underlined section - 'a medium containing glucose and peptone'). Realism International? A clause contains a verb, whereas a phrase does not contain a verb. In order for something to qualify as a sentence, it must have two elements - a noun and a verb. It can have lots of world war one, other elements, but these just add extra information.
That is a perfect sentence, even though it would not win a prize for originality. It has the necessary elements - a noun and sample masters thesis a verb. The Noun ' dogs ' is the world essay introduction subject of the verb ' bark '. That also is a perfect sentence. The noun ' I ' is the subject of the verb ' like ', and the noun ' dogs ' is the object of the verb ' like '. [These two sentences differ only because of the sacco and vanzetti summary types of war one essay introduction, verb they contain. Mfa Creative Writing Admissions? The verb ' bark ' (to bark) is called intransitive - it does not have an object (you cannot bark something).
The verb ' like ' (to like) is transitive - it must have an object (you cannot like without saying what you like). Building on world war one essay introduction the simple sentences. [N.B. This part is IMPORTANT - lots of thesis, people get it wrong!] We can build by war one essay, adding adverbs. For example: Dogs bark loudly. We can build by adding adjectives. For example: Noisy dogs bark. Or we can add both: Noisy dogs bark loudly. We can use prepositions (because, when, if, etc.) to add further information: Noisy dogs bark loudly when they are frightened. We could go on and on, adding more and more information, provided that our sentence continues to nursing thesis rguhs, express a single train of world war one, thought.
BUT we cannot introduce a completely new train of thought into our sentence. For example, we cannot write: Noisy dogs bark loudly when they are frightened, I don't like that. There are two separate sentences here - two separate trains of thought - and they have been separated by a comma. That's absolutely wrong, but it is very common in students' essays! You can do two things to correct this common error.
Make two sentences, separated by welty beginnings essay, a full stop (the simplest solution). Use a semicolon instead of a comma (see semicolon ). If you do not feel confident about your writing skills (or even if you do), the best advice is to world, write short sentences. In fact, short sentences can make for an interesting style. Here is a brief extract from a book, The Due Process of the new school writing admissions, Law , by Lord Denning, who was Master of the Rolls - one of Britain's most distinguished judges.
The book, believe it or not, is fascinating - well worth reading. Now I return to the commentators. The reaction from world war one England was expressed in two anonymous postcards that I received. One said 'You lousy coward'. The other said 'You ought to resign'. But the reaction from Wales was one of entire satisfaction. Eudora One Writer Essay? The newspapers applauded us. World War One Essay Introduction? A Dean of search engines, Divinity wrote simply, 'Thank you for doing justice by our young people'. You might not like that string of staccato sentences. But you have to admit that each sentence makes a point. The story flows.
And it is hard to go wrong if you keep your sentences simple. Guidance: short sentences can make strong, single points, but the best writing uses a combination of short and introduction long sentences, to give variety and keep the reader interested . You might not like sentences that begin with But or And . Sacco And Vanzetti Essay? Such things were taboos to introduction, the grammarians of the past, but never with justification. Nursing Thesis Rguhs? You will find thousands of sentences that begin with ' And ' in the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers. ). World War One Introduction? And words like 'however' (for but) or 'additionally' (for and) can sound a bit pompous when the simpler word will do. However (But), you have to admit that each sentence makes a point. Additionally (And), it is eudora hard to go wrong if you keep your sentences simple.
Guidance: you can start a sentence with And or But, but don't overdo it. War One Introduction? ' But ' has become quite acceptable; ' And ' less so. There used to be a rule that you do not end a sentence with a preposition. [The word ' with ' is a preposition in that sentence - it is put before (pre-positioned) a noun or its equivalent, to suggest some relationship.] To illustrate a breach of this rule, we could say ' A preposition is not a word to end a sentence with .' Admittedly, this looks a bit ugly, but sometimes the alternative is worse, sounding rather affected: ' A preposition is not a word with which to end a sentence '. Realism International? Even the grammarians have ceded this point. The advice is: if it 'sounds' right then it is probably alright. To illustrate this, there is a story that Sir Winston Churchill was so irritated by the highly formal writing of essay introduction, one of his officials that he made the following marginal note against a particularly clumsy sentence: 'This is the thesis sort of English up with which I will not put. World Essay? ' [ Churchill knew that this is wrong - after all, he did receive the Nobel Prize for Literature. The sentence should be: This is the sort of English that I will not put up with , because the verb is a compound verb - 'to put up with'.] It is always best to proposal, write in the 'active' (direct) sense/voice rather than the 'passive' (indirect) . To illustrate this, compare the following two sentences. The antibiotic, gramicidin can penetrate the wall of Gram-positive bacteria. [Active because the word (noun) that is doing the penetrating occurs before the world war one verb] The wall of thesis proposal, Gram-positive bacteria can be penetrated by the antibiotic, gramicidin . [Passive] The second sentence is not bad, but things would get worse if the sentence were longer.
In the world war one introduction examples below, the first sentence (passive) is harder to essay, follow than is the second sentence (active) because the writer keeps us waiting for the main point - that gramicidin penetrates the wall. 1. World War One Essay? The wall of essay realism relations, Gram-positive bacteria, composed of a thick layer of peptidoglycan and world essay introduction associated teichoic acids, and known to be able to exclude the passage of essay realism, many types of substance, can be penetrated by the antibiotic, gramicidin. 2. The antibiotic, gramicidin can penetrate the wall of Gram-positive bacteria, composed of a thick layer of world, peptidoglycan and associated teichoic acids, and known to be able to exclude the passage of many types of substance. Always try to put the words that relate to nursing thesis rguhs, one another as close together as possible ; otherwise you keep the essay introduction reader waiting to understand the proposal sentence. We saw this in the last example, but now we shall see it in extreme, using a single sentence from world war one essay introduction Darwin's On the Origin of sacco and vanzetti summary, Species . 'Yet reason tells me, that if numerous gradations from a perfect and world essay introduction complex eye to one writer beginnings essay, one very imperfect and simple, each grade being useful to its possessor, can be shown to exist; if further, the eye does vary ever so slightly, and the variations be inherited, which is certainly the world essay case; and if any variation or modification in the organ be ever useful to an animal under changing conditions in life, then the eudora welty one writer difficulty in world war one introduction believing that a perfect eye could be formed by natural selection, though insuperable in our imagination, can hardly be considered real.' Phew! Times have changed. Today we might write it something as follows (though we would give our eye teeth for sacco, even a fraction of Darwin's insight). It might be difficult for us to world introduction, believe that a perfect eye could be formed by natural selection.
But this would be feasible - even likely - if the following three conditions hold: (a) if there are numerous gradations from a perfect and complex eye to a very imperfect and simple eye, each grade being useful to its possessor; (b) if the eye varies ever so slightly, and the variations are inherited; (c) if any variation or modification is rguhs useful to world war one essay introduction, an animal under changing conditions in life. Note the sacco and vanzetti essay punctuation in the second sentence of essay, my version: colons, semicolons and commas were used in a hierarchy. They were needed in this case. You would seldom need to write such a sentence, but you would be well-advised to brush up on colons , semicolons and commas . In a long or complex sentence it is very easy to eudora welty one writer beginnings, lose your track and create grammatical nonsense. To illustrate this, consider the following two sentences. 2. The area of ground consisting of gardens and fields are small.
Wrong! - because the world war one introduction area (singular) must always be followed by is , even if it is an area containing lots of and vanzetti, things. The only way to avoid this sort of error is to go through each sentence, asking Does the subject of the verb (singular or plural) agree with the form of the verb I have used? If you think this is trivial, and world war one essay that you would never make such a silly error, then read the following notice - a plaque displayed for tourists in Princes Street Gardens. Essay Realism International Relations? [You will see this plaque just inside the gate near the roundabout at the foot of world, Cockburn Street.] In the middle of the 15th C this area was flooded to form part of the one writer Nor Loch which served as the war one introduction northern section of the city's defences until the mid 18th C. Realism International Relations? At this time the ground adjoining was occupied by tanners' premises, slaughter houses and gardens. Around 1825 the banks of the Nor Loch were soiled over world essay, and planted with trees. The level area of the gardens were leased to a local nurseryman until the coming of the Railway in eudora welty essay 1845 which divided the gardens from east to west. At this time the world war one essay whole of Princes Street Gardens were fenced and transformed into a Public Garden for the benefit of the citizens of Edinburgh. The area of Land to the south of the Railway is owned by essay relations, the Bank of Scotland and has been leased to the City of Edinburgh since 1849. City of world war one introduction, Edinburgh District Council.
And to think that Edinburgh, in the time of David Hume, was internationally renowned as the eudora one writer beginnings essay City of Enlightenment. That was before the Age of the City of Edinburgh District Council. Some further examples of 'singular versus plural' [Again, lots of world, students make mistakes here.] (2) When used as pronouns (substitutes for nouns), neither, either, each and every (including everyone ) should always take a singular verb. We tried to culture the two bacteria, to see if either is viable. Correct. We tried to culture the two bacteria, to see if either are viable. Wrong.
It is tempting to try to impress the reader by your erudition. But the best writing speaks for essay realism international, itself; it gets the world essay message across simply and thesis effectively. Here is a very common example of scientific pomposity. How often do you read (or write): The experiment was performed. ? It conjures up all sorts of images. Did the person dress up specially for this performance? Was it done with a flourish? With an audience? Do you perform the washing-up every night? Even if you do so, would you say to your flatmates I'll just go and perform the washing-up .? Similarly, The experiment was carried out . Do you carry out the washing-up?
Instead of this nonsense, write: The experiment was done, using the procedure on page 55 of the manual. Gregor Mendel did an experiment in which he crossed. That's simple, clear language. World Essay? That's good writing. Pronouns such as it , he , she , they , them , their are extremely useful. Essay International Relations? They are substitutes for world war one, nouns, and they avoid the need for repetition. For example, they save us writing sentences such as: We decided to buy the dog with the long hair, the short legs and the turned-up nose because the dog with the long hair, the short legs and and vanzetti summary essay the turned-up nose touched our hearts. Instead of essay introduction, this we could have replaced the underlined phrase with it (though, to mfa creative, avoid any possible confusion, we might say exactly what touched our hearts - the dog or the turned-up nose). This illustrates that we always should be careful that the reader understands what the pronoun refers to.
For example, here is a short extract from a first-year student's essay. Spiders hunt at night and rely on their tactile sensors instead of their eyes. They are very are highly adapted for night-time hunting. The question is, What does they refer to world war one essay, - the spiders or the tactile sensors? This is a case where the writer could have spotted the potential confusion, if he or she had taken the and vanzetti summary essay trouble to read through the sentence and make sure that it said exactly what it was meant to say.
Here we deal with several bits and pieces that sometimes cause problems. Some of them are not important, but the little things can count, showing that you really do understand how to use words. Fewer is used for numbers of things; less is used for amounts. If you had less weight then the scales would show fewer kilograms. If you had less credibility then fewer people would seek your advice. If you had less sugar in war one essay your coffee then you would have fewer problems with your teeth. A meter is eudora welty something that records measurements - e.g. a thermometer, pedometer, mileometer (also spelled milometer). A metre is 39.37 inches.
Centimetres, kilometres and millimetres are spelled similarly. The only essay, problem likely to sample thesis proposal, occur is the use of like in place of as . Do it as the professional does it. War One Essay Introduction? (Correct) Do it like the professional does it. (Wrong) Yes, the common expression ' Like I said ' is wrong! The rule is that whatever follows either (or neither) must be matched (grammatically) by thesis search, whatever follows or (or nor). For example: Either cats or dogs . Neither you nor I . Either we go or we stay.
But not : Either we go or stay . World War One Introduction? [But you could rearrange this as We either go or stay .] This also is correct: We had a choice of either the cat or a litter of nursing thesis rguhs, kittens. So is this: We had a choice either of the cat or of a litter of world introduction, kittens. But not : We had a choice either of the cat or a litter of thesis search engines, kittens. In other words, think of world war one, either . And Vanzetti Essay? or as to essay, the two sides of a see-saw - they need to be balanced. This subject is really difficult - you can spend ages agonising over it, especially if what you want to say is not straightforward. The key is to eudora one writer beginnings essay, think about the subject and world war one essay the object of nursing thesis, a verb . (For example 'I like dogs ', where I is the subject and dogs is the object of the verb like ).
He gave it to me. I like dogs, because dogs like me. The present was given to you and me. [And - I can't resist it - The future is ours. ] They have asked John and me to a party. It was me who said it. [But I admit that we could argue about this one] 'Myself' is needed rarely. In fact, it should be used only to world war one introduction, emphasise: I do not like it myself, but I can see why you might like it.
Perhaps the best advice is to let your ear be the judge - say the sentence aloud and if it sounds right then it is summary likely to essay introduction, be right. For example, ' I like me' is (I think) technically correct, but you would say I like myself (if you dared to say it at all). Who and thesis search engines whom are pronouns. Follow the guidance on 'I, me and myself' (point 5 above) by thinking about the subject and object of a verb. 'Who does this to whom?', asked the world essay actress, looking anxiously at the script. Thesis Proposal? [ Who is the subject, and whom is the object of whatever will be done] To whom should I reply? [ Whom is the object - the person who will receive the reply, not the war one essay person who will give the reply] Who should I reply to? [You might say this, in speech, because 'whom' sounds rather toffee-nosed. But in writing the correct form would be Whom should I reply to? , because whom is the object of the rguhs reply.
This is a good case for rearrangement - change the word order and it becomes To whom should I reply? ] Who's and whose mean different things. Who's means who is . Whose means belonging to whoever we are talking about . For example: Who's going to do this? The person whose job it is. Which and that might seem interchangeable - and often are treated as such. But there are cases where the essay introduction whole meaning of a sentence hinges on the use of which or that . 1. He died from a disease that affects the sacco summary essay liver . 2. World? He died from a disease which affects the liver . In both sentences the the new school mfa creative writing final clause has been underlined. In sentence 1, it is termed a defining clause - it precisely defines the disease as a disease that affects the liver. World War One Introduction? In sentence 2 we have a non-defining clause - it tells us more about the disease but the implication (by using which ) is sample thesis proposal that this is essay introduction extra information and non-essential. Guidance: Whenever you write something like this, ask yourself: Can I put a comma before ' which ' and still keep the meaning I want to convey? [In fact, you should always put a comma before 'which' but never before 'that' ] He died from a disease, which affects the liver. Now you are showing us that the sample thesis extra information is non-essential. If the distinction between 'which' and 'that' is still not clear, then read the following sentence and ask yourself what meaning do I read into it?
The River Thames that flows through London is highly polluted. Clearly, one meaning is obvious - that the world war one introduction Thames is thesis search engines highly polluted. But you perhaps were puzzled by essay, 'The River Thames that flows through London. It suggests that there is another River Thames - one that does not flow through London. If you were puzzled then you have grasped intuitively the difference between a defining clause and a non-defining clause. The author found it necessary to use 'that', to define the River Thames that he or she had in sacco mind.
Here is another example: 1. There are only a few abbreviations that you will need to use. 2 . There are only a few abbreviations which you will need to use. Following our rule that you should always put a comma before ' which ' , we have two sentences with entirely different meanings. Sentence 1 says only one thing: that you will need to use only a few abbreviations. Sentence 2 tells us two things, both of which are wrong!
First, that there are only a few abbreviations (in truth there are hundreds of them); second, that we will need to use them (whether we like it or not). One final example, from a first-year student's essay on the bear family: The only member of the Ursidae family, which can be found in the extreme environment of the arctic, is the introduction polar bear. Here the thesis meaning is abundantly clear - there can be no confusion. The writer told us that there is only one type of bear (the polar bear), and it can be found in the arctic.
Presumably, the war one essay writer meant to say: The only member of the Ursidae family that can be found in the extreme environment of the arctic is the polar bear. These two words mean different things: The author implies that sharks are able to nursing, tear their food, so I infer that sharks have teeth. An implication is something that is suggested, but not stated specifically. In contrast, an inference is a deduction. When something is essay introduction implicit it is suggested. When something is explicit it is stated directly and clearly. We must say something about split infinitives because a site like this is expected to say something about one writer beginnings essay, them! However, we need worry about them only introduction, when the meaning of a sentence is unclear. What are we talking about?
In the English language an infinitive is formed when 'to' is added to a verb (e.g. to walk , to thesis search engines, argue , and to suggest are infinitives). The following are examples of split infinitives because an adverb (e.g. boldly) is placed within the infinitive. We decided to boldly walk through the room. We voted to introduction, boldly suggest that the sacco and vanzetti Chairman be sacked. These two examples, although technically incorrect, do not really confuse the world war one essay meaning of the sentence, so we can safely ignore them. But the following examples show that careless placement of an adverb can change the welty one writer beginnings essay meaning of a sentence. 1. We quickly decided to world, change our current policy. [In other words, we made our decision quickly, but it does not necessarily follow that we will change our policy quickly] 2. We decided quickly to change our current policy. [It is school mfa creative admissions impossible to know what this means - did we decide quickly or did we decide to war one, quickly change our policy?] 3. We decided to quickly change our current policy. [This is a split infinitive, but the sample masters thesis meaning is very clear] 4. We decided to war one introduction, change our current policy quickly. [We avoid the split infinitive, and our meaning is sample clear - we will change our policy quickly. But perhaps it is not as clear as in sentence 3.]
The guidance is world : do not worry about split infinitives; it is much more important that you make your meaning clear. Maybe means perhaps . For example, Maybe I will do it. It is a word you will never need to and vanzetti, use in scientific writing. May be is a (conditional) verb. For example. It may be significant that.
It is wrong to world, write It maybe significant that. because this makes no sense at all. Thesis Search? You are saying It perhaps significant that . World War One Introduction? . Might , may and can sometimes cause confusion, so it is wise to relations, use them to express different things: might , to indicate that something is a possibility - it might happen or it might have worked or it might be significant tha t. etc.; may , to mean giving permission - yes, you may go to the cinema (I allow you to go); can , to mean something you know to be possible - hydrogen can react with oxygen . So, if you say to someone ' You may believe that the introduction world is sacco and vanzetti summary flat ' then you should expect the reply ' Thank you '.
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How to Write an Exploratory Essay With Sample Papers. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and war one easier. Exploratory essays don't take a position. Instead, they explore the problem and the different viewpoints about the answer. Objective : Exploratory essays approach a topic from an objective point of view with a neutral tone.
Rather than trying to solve the the new school admissions, problem, this essay looks at all the different perspectives on the issues and world war one essay introduction seeks to explain the different viewpoints clearly. Common Ground : Exploratory papers look at the different audiences or groups of rguhs people who are interested in this issue and explore their different perspectives while also noticing common ground. Three or More Points of View: Sometimes there are two sides of an issue that are most often expressed and which polarize debate. This type of paper seeks to look beyond the obvious answers to find creative solutions. Essay? For example, on the illegal immigration topic, an exploratory paper could consider not only the liberal and conservative political views but also look at the argument from the point of view of immigrants or border patrol employees. Prepare a basic outline using the Outline format below. Re-read your articles and welty your Summary-Analysis-Response paper. Fill in war one essay, how each article can be used to support your points in your outline. Be sure to include the masters thesis proposal, source of that point in MLA form, which is author last name and page in parenthesis. Example: (Brown 31).
Talk out your paper with a friend. Work with a friend or a small group. Explain your paper using your outline. Tell them your points and make sure they understand. Do they have any ideas on how to make your essay more interesting? Have them answer the questions on Peer Edit Outline below. Optional: you may want to gather some visuals to include in your essay.
Write a draft. Be sure to include transitions such as “some people believe,” “another perspective is,” “one way to look at the issue is,” “a final perspective might be.” Don’t forget to war one essay, use author tags if you are talking about a particular article. Work summarized ideas, paraphrases, and quotes from school mfa creative admissions, your research into your draft. In an exploratory paper, you mainly summarize or paraphrase in your own words the positions you describe. Only use quotations which are especially striking or make the world introduction, point in a way you can’t by paraphrasing. Peer Editing: Using the questions in the Peer Editing section below, evaluate your paper by following the Instructions for Writer and having someone else do the peer editing questions. Final Draft: Use what you've learned from the peer editing session to and vanzetti, revise your paper. 1. War One? Define and describe the issue and and vanzetti summary essay present the arguable question (introduction). 2. Analyze the rhetorical situation of the issue, including Text, Reader, Author, Constraints and Exigence (see below on outline) (body part one).
3. Identify and summarize at least three major positions on this issue (body part two). 4. World War One Essay? Indicate your personal interest in this issue and the position you favor (conclusion). 5. Optional: You might want to gather one or more visuals to add to your paper. Exploratory Papers need to one writer beginnings essay, have an arguable question, which means it is a question that is: Not solved. Not a fact you could easily check the answer to. Something people have different views about (try to find at least three). Interesting to people right now. Linked to an enduring issue.
There are three things you need to do in the introduction: Grab the reader's interest in world essay introduction, the arguable issue. Use one of the introductory techniques in the table to explain the situation and argument. Make sure the reader understands the issue and why it is important (some issues need lots of explanation and nursing thesis rguhs description, but others are so well known you don't need to explain). Tell the arguable question (usually at the end of the introduction). Re-tell a real story Give statistics Depict a made-up scenario Vividly describe a scene or situation Explain a typical situation Have a real or imagined conversation about the issue Talk about what makes this argument important now Use an intriguing statement or quote Give history of this idea or argument Make a list of problems Give several examples of this problem Ask a series of questions Use a frame (use part of story to open, then finish story in conclusion) Use interview questions and war one answers. The body of this type of essay has two parts. Writing? The first part is generally one paragraph and world war one explains the problem or issue. The second part is generally three or more paragraphs and explains the masters thesis proposal, different positions on war one essay introduction the topic.
Part One: Explain the Rhetorical Situation: Text : What sort of rguhs writing is being done on this subject? Is it a question being discussed in the news? By advocacy groups? Politicians? Is there an world war one essay, academic study being done? Reader: Who are the audiences interested in this question? What are the different positions they hold?
Why are the readers interested in eudora welty one writer beginnings, this question? Author : Who are the people writing on this question? What is common ground between the authors and readers (audiences)? Constraints: What attitudes, beliefs, circumstances, traditions, people, or events limit the essay introduction, way we can talk about this subject? Do constraints create common ground or do they drive the people holding different positions apart? Exigence: (Context of debate on the issue) What events or circumstances make us interested in this question now? What is the history of this issue and nursing thesis question? How has interest in world war one essay introduction, this question changed over time?
What enduring values (big life issues) does this debate relate to? Part Two: Three or More Positions on essay relations the Issue. For each of the three or more positions, you need to write a separate paragraph. In each paragraph: Explain the position. Tell why people believe that position. World War One Introduction? Give the best arguments for that position. Explain how those arguments are supported. You can also do some contrast and comparision between the positions. That makes an especially effective transition.
For example: In contrast to the idea that homelessness is caused by a lack of homes, faith-based homeless agencies often argue that there are relationship issues which are at the heart of the problem. A third position suggests that it isn't lack of housing or poor relationships which are the root of the problem, but rather substance abuse and mental illness. Sample Starting Sentences for nursing thesis rguhs, Body Part Two. Start each of the world war one, paragraphs with a clear sentence stating the thesis, different position. War One Essay Introduction? Here are examples of essay realism relations how to war one essay, begin each paragraph: Position 1: Many people believe… What is this point of view?
Which articles can you use for this point of view? What part of the article is helpful? Position 2: Other people would contend… What is this point of masters thesis view? Which articles can you use for this point of view? What part of the article is helpful?
Position 3: Another way to look at this question is…. What is this point of view? Which articles can you use for this point of war one essay view? What part of the article is helpful? The conclusion of your essay is where you can tell your personal opinion on realism relations this issue. You can also explain why you are interested in this particular topic.
Your position may be one of the ones you describe in the body or it may be something you have thought up yourself. In the conclusion, you can use some of the same techniques that you use in your introduction. Here are some other ideas: Finish the frame story. World Essay? Add the final evidence you find most convincing. Tell the reader your own conclusions and sample thesis proposal point of view. If you aren't sure what you think, then say that and explain what you think are the world war one introduction, most important points to consider.
Challenge the reader to decide. Outline the main things we need to thesis search engines, think about when we make a decision about this question—what is world introduction important and what is not. After you have written your outline, get some help by practicing talking about engines, your paper idea in essay, a small group, or in front of the whole class. Take turns in your group having each person share about their paper using their outline. Beginnings? Then the group can respond to questions, comments, and suggestions. War One? It helps if you write down your comments so the person can remember.
In my class, I hand out these questions, or sometimes write them on the new the board and war one introduction have students choose one or two to answer. Is the introduction interesting? Do you feel you understand the issue and the question? Do the question and the three positions match up? Is there a contrast in school mfa creative writing admissions, the positions? Are there other positions you think need to be considered? Is the context/constraints of the question clear?
Is there other supporting evidence you can think of? Is the response interesting? Does the author respond to the ideas and world war one connect them with their own thoughts and/or experiences? How can they do that better? Anything you think is missing or needs to rguhs, be explained or expanded? Having someone else read your essay and give you some feedback is a great way to improve your writing. In my class, students work in groups to peer edit and I usually try to have at least two people read every essay.
If your class does not do that, you can arrange it on your own by having a friend or even your parents look over your essay. Here is the peer editing worksheet I use in my class. War One? I start by masters thesis proposal having each writer look at their own paper, and then have at least two peer editors answer the questions. Underline: your question, the essay, three positions, your position Wavy underline: author tags and citations. II. Write (at top of draft or on a separate sheet of paper):
What is best about your paper. Questions you have for the peer editor. What you want them to help you with. I. Read the paper and make marks on the draft about: grammar and spelling errors what you think is good where they need more support where they need better transitions where they need references, citations or author tags (or any problems with ones they have) where they need more explanation or description. II. On a separate sheet of paper write: Intro : was the issue both defined and described?
Anything that needs to be added? Was the opening interesting? How could it be improved? Body : How well does the paper examine the nursing thesis, rhetorical situation? (exigence [reason for this debate], audience [who is interested in this issue], and constraints [situations and attitudes which affect the debate]) Is there any part missing? How can it be improved? Does the paper effectively summarize three different positions and explain what they are? Who believes them? Why do they believe it? Does the paper give enough evidence for each position? Conclusion: Does the author respond to the issue and give an interesting perspective? Does the world introduction, author need to add anything?
Most of the time, students are asked to write argument papers that present a particular point of eudora beginnings view and attempt to world war one essay, persuade the audience. Sometimes that makes this writing assignment seem confusing. Here is the difference between this assignment and an argument paper: Argument Essays focus on proving one point of view : An argument or position essay seeks to come to a conclusion and school mfa creative writing admissions convince the audience which side of the issue is correct. The emphasis in an argument paper is on the side the author wants to prove is world introduction best or right, so while the paper may talk about other views, most of the paper is spent proving one point of view. Exploratory essays look at several points of view in a neutral way. Rather than trying to summary, solve the problem, this sort of paper explores the different perspectives of the problem and seeks to understand the cultural and war one essay introduction social context of the nursing thesis rguhs, issue. It is the sort of paper you would write before writing a solution paper. War One Introduction? An exploratory paper is common in businesses when they are attempting to nursing rguhs, find a solution to a problem and need to get all of the possible perspectives and information available. Exploratory papers help you look at different audiences to help find common ground.
This paper also explores the different audiences or groups of people who are concerned about this issue, giving their different viewpoints on the cause, effects, and solutions proposed. World? In order to do this paper, you may want to thesis rguhs, narrow the war one essay introduction, issue you are thinking about so that you can cover the idea more effectively. Exploratory papers should examine at least three points of sacco and vanzetti view : Sometimes there are two sides of an issue which are most often expressed and which polarize a debate. In an exploratory paper, you are asked to look beyond the obvious answers in order to find other points of view which can sometimes help in world war one, solving the problem. For example, in looking at the issue of illegal immigration, you can examine the conservative and liberal political views, but you can also look at the viewpoint of the illegal immigrants themselves, the nursing, viewpoint of the government that the introduction, illegal immigrants come from, and the viewpoints of the people who live on both sides of the border where illegal immigrants cross. Thesis Engines? You might also consider the viewpoint of the border patrol employees. The conclusion of an exploratory paper can give your opinion: You will explore at least three sides of the issue, giving fair treatment to each side. However, in essay introduction, the conclusion of the paper, you will indicate your own position and why you are persuaded in nursing thesis, that direction. Whether it is labeled an exploratory essay or not, you will find this sort of essay introduction paper in many business and college research papers.
The basic point of this paper is to let you examine all the sample thesis proposal, different viewpoints on world war one essay introduction an issue. Here are some examples of the new school writing exploratory questions: What caused the Civil War in the U.S.? What will happen in the Middle East in the next 10 years after the Arab Spring? How should the U.S. handle illegal immigration? What should we do with embryos left over from in-vitro fertilization? In a business, an war one introduction, employee might be asked to write an exploratory report about:
How do people perceive our product based on different types of advertising? How do people use our product most often? What are the top competing products and what advantages does each have over our product? What are the different possible cell phone or Internet service contracts available to us and what are the masters, advantages/disadvantages of each one? By looking at three or more viewpoints, you can get a better understanding of the different audiences for an issue and better understand how a solution or compromise might be developed.
Which Exploratory Essay question is most interesting to world war one essay introduction, you? 100 Exploratory Essay Topic Ideas. by Virginia Kearney 0. Exploratory Essay Outline and Organization. by Virginia Kearney 0. How to summary, Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21. Easy Steps to Write a Position Paper.
by Virginia Kearney 0. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and world essay Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 56. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Hi Sharon! Welcome back to the new school mfa creative admissions, the classroom.
I'm so glad this has helped you. I have over 50 articles on writing here on HubPages that I've written for my own students. These should be helpful for most college writing classes although you always need to make sure they fit with your particular instructor's assignments. Hope you do very well this semester! This is extremely helpful for world, me as a student. I've been out of school for quite some time.
Unfortunately, not all instructors are the same. Thank you for relations, sharing your knowledge with us. This is so helpful, thank you! Susan Baxter 4 years ago from war one, Georgia. This would be useful for my teenagers to use during their essay at sample masters school. World Essay? Thank you.
Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Aubria--thanks for your comment. I do understand that sometimes we need students to search engines, be tested for their own ability to write without help. War One? I do that too. However, I know that not all of my students have actually had good instruction on the different aspects of nursing thesis rguhs various types of essays.
Often the instructions in textbooks aren't as clear as they could be. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Thanks so much kerlynb! I've been frustated with many of the books I teach out of because they don't explain how to organize these papers. Essay? I certainly was never taught anything about how to put the paper together. So after a few years of college teaching, I started analyzing the sample proposal, essays in my textbooks and also the best student essays and introduction came up with my series of How to international relations, write papers.
I've been amazed how many views they get each day. I'm so glad if I can help students! kerlynb 5 years ago from world war one essay, Philippines, Southeast Asia, Earth ^_^ Just where were you when I was in HS? This is essay relations so useful! I mean, many of us writers would need to come up with an exploratory piece every now and then. Have to vote this one up and war one essay introduction useful :) Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.
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