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On knowing and not knowing about obeah. This essay introduces Obeah: knowledge, power, and writing in the early Atlantic World , a special issue responding to recent scholarly interest in obeah and related creole and on observational African-derived medical and religious practices common among enslaved Africans in modern ecology essay, the pre-emancipation Caribbean. It describes obeah and learning the epistemological conundrum it posed for essay school colonists in the global Atlantic world, outlining possibilities for how scholars might study the texts that represent these practices. We position this special issue at the confluence of several recent interdisciplinary scholarly conversations: the reconfiguration of relations between religion and science, reconsiderations of colonial archives and their representation of essay learning, subordinated peoples, and new scholarship about obeah, a medical and religious complex employed by nimr essay, enslaved Africans, primarily in the West Indies. In recent years, scholars of the essay on observational learning early Atlantic world have demonstrated the inseparability of transgender argumentative, religion and science for essay on observational the inhabitants of that world.
Historians of science have reconceived the disciplines as fields that were not stable and separate by essay for dental school, the end of the Enlightenment but as stabilizing entities that defined themselves by drawing upon essay learning techniques from other fields. 1 1. On the disciplines, see the essays in Siskin and Warner, This is Enlightenment and Lenoir, “Discipline of Nature.” View all notes Indeed, recent studies of key religious and scientific figures, from Jonathan Edwards and Cotton Mather to Benjamin Franklin and Francis Daniel Pastorius, have shown that these men integrated multiple fields to produce their intellectual work. 2 2. See, for a few examples, Rivett, Science of the Soul ; Delbourgo, Most Amazing Scene ; Watson, Angelical Conjunction ; Erben, Harmony of the Spirits . View all notes And, as James H. Sweet’s study of African healer Domingos Alvares shows, lesser known healers likewise combined what we could now call medicine and religion. These fields were mutually constitutive and interconnected, shaping and partitioning the Atlantic World in its denominational and epistemological contours. 3 3. See Sweet, Domingos Alvares . For a compelling introduction to current scholarly work on these intersections, see “Religion and Medicine in American Literature,” a recent special issue of Literature and Medicine coedited by Kelly Bezio and Ashley Reed. View all notes.
Meanwhile, other scholars have begun to explore new methods for reading colonial archives and new strategies for recovering and studying the knowledge and beliefs of unfree and school minority peoples. On Observational? Scholars such as Ann Laura Stoler, Joseph Epstein, and Betty Joseph – the latter two focusing in particular on nimr essay, Caribbean archives – position archiving as an ongoing process that produces documents with histories and itineraries of their own rather than stable, complete entities with secure meanings. On Observational? Thus, these scholars, as Stoler puts it, read “along the grain,” in order to uncover how “[c]olonial archives were sites of command – but of countermand as well.” 4 4. American Studies? See Stoler, Along the Archival Grain , especially 50, as well as Epstein, Scandal of Colonial Rule and Joseph, Reading the East India Company . View all notes While maintaining a skeptical awareness of the essay on observational ways that imperial archives sought to define and transgender argumentative essay discipline its subjects and essay on observational learning sources, these scholars also show that archives represent moments in which attempts at discipline failed, when people were caught off guard, anxious, and uncertain. One culmination of these insights about disciplinarity and colonial archives is found in studies of obeah, which have instigated a vibrant, interdisciplinary conversation about forms of power and nimr essay knowledge in the Caribbean. Scholars from anthropology, history, literary studies, and learning religious studies have recognized the key role that obeah played in shaping the world that colonists and Africans inhabited and the texts that represented that world. Revising earlier scholarship that, utilizing a transparent reading of colonial texts, dismissed obeah as African superstition and black magic, scholars from Jerome Handler and Kenneth Bilby to Tim Watson and nimr essay Diana Paton have shown how obeah and its representations allowed colonists and Africans alike to claim rhetorical, legal, and essay on observational learning epistemological power. 5 5. For early studies of obeah, see Williams, Psychic Phenomena ; Bastide, African Civilizations ; and high paying Patterson, Sociology of Slavery. These scholars, to varying degrees, read colonial texts as capable of revealing accurate information about African belief and knowledge that could be fruitfully juxtaposed against European epistemological categories, from “religion,” to “witchcraft,” to “Africa.” They also emphasized the essential Africanity of obeah; for example, after interviewing practicing obeah men, Williams concluded that obeah was African witchcraft that had been imported into the West Indies. Handler’s and Bilby’s co-written work usefully complicated such positivist approaches by showing that the term “obeah” and learning its definitions as witchcraft were colonial constructions, with some material correspondents in Africans’ practices. See Handler and Bilby, “On the Early Use” and “Obeah.” Their studies established the foundation for scholarship of the past decade or so, which has developed Handler’s and nimr essay Bilby’s methodological skepticism of essay learning, colonial texts to examine the ways in which colonial accounts of obeah served larger social, aesthetic, and legal aims.
See, for example, Aravamudan, “Introduction”; and Richardson, “Romantic Voodoo”; Watson, Caribbean Culture; Paton, “Witchcraft, Law, Poison”; the essays in Paton and Forde, Obeah and american studies paper Other Powers ; and Browne, “‘Bad Business’ of Obeah.” View all notes. Co-edited by essay on observational, two literary scholars whose scholarly work focuses on medicine and on essay, religion, respectively, this special issue joins and expands these conversations, by analyzing previously unconsidered archives about on observational, obeah, by accounting for the disciplinary work that colonial accounts of obeah performed by essay for dental, managing African women’s bodies, and by tracing how the power of religion and science manifests itself in the Atlantic World. As all of the articles in this special issue demonstrate, the archive on obeah contains accounts, reports, and documents that register and circulate epistemological anxieties that sometimes remained outside colonists’ textual and essay on observational political control. The texts recording such anxieties occupy a space that is part of this archive yet that also extends beyond it. It is this space – one that is experiential, bureaucratic, material, and textual – that the articles in gcse media magazines, this special issue investigate and essay that, we argue, manifests colonial attempts to transform obeah into a set of knowable practices, on the one hand, and the range of practices, beliefs, and high paying essay knowledge that Africans employed as a form of on observational learning, power in the Atlantic World, on modern owes an apology, the other. In this introduction, we describe obeah and the epistemological conundrum it posed for colonists in the global Atlantic World before discussing some of the ways in which obeah and textual forms are entangled.
As we think this special issue demonstrates, this entanglement offers a particularly productive site at on observational, which to analyze obeah’s powers and essay for dental the representation of those powers. How to essay learning write the american research paper history of obeah. “Obeah” refers to a set of practices employed by Africans for ends that enslaved peoples perceived as socially useful, from healing and revenge, to protection and learning rebellion. These practices were constituted by what we would now designate as separate medical and religious components: the knowledge and application of high, herbal remedies; singing or chanting prayers or powerful words; a diagnosis of physical ailments; and mediation with non-human powers. For Africans, however (and for many European colonists as well), these practices did not belong in learning, separate categories but were mutually constitutive. This was the case because natural and supernatural, human and nonhuman realms were not perceived as separate but as realms that mutually influenced one another. Neither were the paying jobs essay practices associated with obeah simply “good” or “bad”; obeah practitioners accessed neutral supernatural forces and attempted to essay on observational learning employ those forces to accomplish various goals. As Dianne Stewart points out, obeah is a “protean institutional structure encompassing ethnic and transgender Pan-African religious cultures, which co-author an essay on observational learning African-derived understanding of mystical power as the capacity to use energy dynamically.” 6 6. Stewart, Three Eyes , 42. View all notes Indeed, Stewart finds that obeah took a variety of forms, even being “reasserted under the mask of modern, Christianity” during the 1831 Baptist Rebellion in Jamaica. Essay On Observational Learning? 7 7. Stewart, Three Eyes , 103–104. View all notes.
While obeah had a material existence among African communities, it also possessed separate but related meanings in colonial texts. There, the term “obeah” originated in for dental, the early eighteenth century as a word Europeans in the Caribbean applied to on observational learning African practices that, they acknowledged, acted powerfully on peoples’ bodies and modern minds. As Jerome Handler and Kenneth Bilby have pointed out, “‘Obeah’ became a catch-all term for a range of supernatural-related ideas and behaviors that were not of European origin and which [whites] heavily criticized and essay condemned.” 8 8. Handler and Bilby, “On the Early Use,” 87. Argumentative Essay? View all notes In the early eighteenth century, colonists variously compared obeah to folk medicine, superstition, and healing practices; after Tacky’s Rebellion in 1760 (in which an essay on observational learning obeah man allegedly gave rebels a potion to protect them from planters’ bullets), they increasingly connected obeah to witchcraft and to poison in the British and French West Indies, respectively. As Diana Paton has shown, different European epistemologies and encounters with African practices are responsible for modern technology owes ecology these varying definitions of obeah. 9 9. See Paton, “Witchcraft, Poison, Law.” View all notes. Colonists primarily experienced obeah through its effects: ill or frightened slaves, people who refused to work, and outright rebellions inspired by essay on observational learning, seemingly mysterious leaders. As they sought to explain these phenomena, they recounted Africans’ reports that an obeah practitioner was behind a particular event and, later, speculated that obeah was to blame for unusual happenings. In doing so, colonists also sought to incorporate obeah into nimr essay, European epistemologies, with the goal of identifying the natural causes that, they argued, were the essay on observational primary powers at work in the world. Essay? In the British West Indies, they applied natural philosophical methodologies for learning describing preternatural phenomena, or those with occult – hidden or unknown – causes in order to account for obeah practitioners, their actions, and the resulting effects. The analysis of preternatural phenomena had a long history in England, where such events had possessed a reputation for being aligned with magic and divination since the nimr essay sixteenth century.
Because preternatural phenomena had invisible causes, they fell somewhere between supernatural, or divine, phenomena (which also lacked visible causes) and on observational learning natural phenomena (which were also said to be result of actions by created beings, from humans to nimr essay angels and devils). In the course of the seventeenth century, however, preternatural phenomena were “naturalized”; that is, their angelic and demonic causes were excluded, leaving only natural or human causes as possibly responsible for on observational learning the preternatural, even when those causes were undiscoverable (and they often were). 10 10. Daston, “Marvelous Facts,” 107. View all notes At the same time, preternatural phenomena came to play a key role in the Baconian project of collecting unusual natural particulars in order to gain insights into the hidden workings of nature. By the eighteenth century, philosophers began to argue that their work did not extend to seeking out supernatural causes; one’s focus was more properly restricted to natural causes, those that could be verified by multiple witnesses and tests. Preternatural phenomena could be part of high jobs, such projects, for their natural causes could, ideally, be discovered and analyzed.
Notwithstanding this confidence in the possibility of discovering hidden natural causes, philosophers found it no easy or straightforward task to locate and decipher them. As Lorraine Daston points out, natural and supernatural causes were not mutually exclusive, and natural causes were not mechanistic (but indeed could seem quite unnatural, extending to include the imagination and wondrous events). 11 11. See Daston, “Marvelous Facts,” 107. View all notes As a result, philosophers worried less about whether they would mistake divine and essay on observational demonic causes for one another than whether they would be deceived into studies, categorizing a phenomenon as supernatural when it was not. Thus if colonial writers drew on established natural philosophical methods to guide them in analyzing preternatural phenomena and in locating their natural causes, the discovery of the essay learning causes for such events was by technology an apology, no means a straightforward process with an assured end. And, unlike their counterparts in Europe, colonists were immersed in worlds with ontologies that did not recognize divisions between natural and supernatural worlds but whose explanations for phenomena extended to include non-human as well as human agents.
12 12. See Brown, Reaper’s Garden , and Wisecup, “Knowing Obeah.” View all notes Colonists faced the challenge of essay on observational learning, incorporating obeah into eighteenth-century empirical epistemologies and consequently of discovering and representing its natural causes in a context in media magazines, which those practicing and drawing on learning, obeah did not recognize divisions between natural and supernatural causes. Transgender Argumentative Essay? As Katharine Gerbner explains in her contribution to on observational this issue, Afro-Caribbean people likewise faced the american studies research challenge of incorporating colonists into their epistemologies: enslaved Africans in Jamaica called Moravian missionary George Caries “obea,” a term that he defined as a “Seer,” a seemingly surprising turn given obeah’s connotations with Afro-Caribbean practices, especially witchcraft. Essay On Observational Learning? Significantly, as Gerbner shows, Caries’ case shows that obeah was not only a practice but also the “frame through which Afro-Caribbeans interpreted European religious and medical practice,” a frame that requires us to owes essay understand European natural historical and religious practices as encompassed within the category of obeah. Colonists addressed the challenges of representing obeah by arguing that even if enslaved people ascribed obeah’s powers to supernatural forces, a natural cause for its effects existed and could be discovered. They developed several strategies for essay learning discovering and describing these causes: they linked obeah’s apparent power to Africans’ allegedly faulty understandings to suggest that Africans mistook as supernatural what were only hidden natural causes. Colonists also represented themselves as capable of discovering these true, if invisible, natural causes in nimr essay, obeah men’s materials. For example, Edward Long suggested that, while Africans feared obeah men’s ability to wield “magic,” such alleged “supernatural powers” were “only the natural operations of some poisonous juice, or preparation.” 13 13. Long, History of essay learning, Jamaica , 416.
View all notes Similarly, James Grainger noted that Africans believed in essay school, “magic spells,” and he called on poetry to: “Transpierce the gloom, which ignorance and fraud/Have render’d awful; tell the laughing world/Of what these wonder-working charms are made.” 14 14. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , IV.384–386. View all notes By exposing the natural causes behind “wonder-working charms,” colonists would prove obeah to essay learning be a phenomena that could be brought into the light, studied, and high essay explained with recourse to natural causes. Such knowledge of obeah would likewise allow colonists to control its effects – to learning limit the circulation of and knowledge about “some poisonous juice,” for owes an apology essay example. However, colonists also discovered that investigating and essay on observational learning describing obeah practitioners’ materials rarely led them to nimr essay natural causes. For example, after confidently charging the essay muses with revealing the modern owes an apology components of obeah practitioners’ “wonder-working charms,” Grainger went on to list those components: Colonial accounts of on observational, obeah from the american paper mid-eighteenth to the nineteenth century exhibit this same pattern: an insistence that obeah is learning decipherable in terms of natural causes and an enumeration of material objects with ostensibly natural properties, in addition to a description of transgender, those objects as obtaining power as a combination or mixture. 16 16.
For an important reading of obeah’s combinatory powers, see Dillon, “Obi, Assemblage, Enchantment.” View all notes These powerful mixtures exist both within colonial texts and in the material practices of enslaved Africans. For example, in one of the essay learning earliest British printed accounts of obeah, Griffith Hughes described the “Magical Apparatus” of an “Obeah Doctor”: “two Earthen Basons, a Handful of coursework, different Kinds of Leaves, and a Piece of Soap.” 17 17. Hughes, Natural History , 15. View all notes By the end of the eighteenth century, lists of obeah materials had become a trope in British colonial descriptions of obeah. Bryan Edwards wrote that obeah included the essay on observational practice of “hanging up feathers, bottles, eggshells, c. c. in argumentative, order to intimidate Negroes of a thievish disposition from plundering huts, hog-styes, or provision-grounds.” 18 18. Edwards, History, Civil and Commercial , 87. View all notes Meanwhile, in a text that spawned numerous accounts of obeah and that has been central to scholarly analyses, including several in this introduction and in essay, this special issue more broadly, physician Benjamin Moseley explained that “OBI, for the purposes of bewitching people, or consuming them by lingering illness, is made of essay, grave dirt, hair, teeth of sharks, and other creatures, blood, feathers, egg-shells, images in essay on observational, wax.” 19 19. Moseley, Treatise on Sugar , 171.
View all notes. Writing in the 1750s, Hughes suggested that the obeah man used his “Magical Apparatus” as a cover for his real strategy of hiding “Pieces of broken Glass, Nails, and Splinters of Stones” on american studies research paper, the woman’s body and pretending to pull them out with the strength of his concoction. 20 20. Hughes, Natural History , 15. View all notes For Hughes, obeah entailed using various material objects to deceive one’s patients; the true source of obeah’s power was the woman’s mind or imagination, which was convinced first that she was ill and essay learning second that the obeah man had successfully cured her. Interestingly, by the 1790s when Edwards and nimr essay Moseley were writing, accounts of the essay process with which obeah practitioners deceived patients had all but disappeared from colonial reports, leaving only the list of the materials in the obeah man’s magical apparatus.
Colonists’ focus on the objects in obeah practitioners’ apparatuses can be seen as enacting the empiricist principle that nature could be known by a close and nimr essay careful examination of things themselves. Knowledge was produced not through recourse to texts but by experiencing or interacting with things in the world. 21 21. See Mack, “Horace Walpole.” View all notes The lists in colonial texts attempt to make obeah into essay on observational learning, something that readers can sense, observe, and thus convert into knowledge, and coursework magazines these lists further suggest that obeah’s causes are available through an observation of its materials. Essay On Observational? However, far from paying essay demystifying obeah, the texts attest to the ways in which obeah exceeds empiricism: as the examples above show, the lists do not uncover obeah’s hidden natural causes but instead display something of how obeah’s power works, that is, how the objects that constitute obeah have a power that exceeds their individual parts. Considering the “grave dirt, hair, teeth of learning, sharks, and other creatures, blood, feathers, egg-shells, images in wax” was unlikely to lead observers to any conclusions about obeah’s natural causes. 22 22. Moseley, Treatise on Sugar , 171. View all notes Instead, these textual collections mirrored the media magazines process whereby obeah practitioners gathered objects into mixtures whose power exceeded the sum of their parts and essay learning that drew on american research, both natural and supernatural worlds for their efficacy. Colonists’ representations of obeah, intended to essay learning demystify and discover its causes, remained in paper, thrall to those practices, replicating them and circulating their representations throughout the Atlantic World. Indeed, as J. Alexandra McGhee shows in her article, obeah could “infect” colonial minds, texts, and performances, and these representations of on observational, obeah highlighted concerns about the high paying jobs essay effects of tropical climates on colonial bodies and minds and on observational about the difficulties of maintaining order on plantations.
Writers attempted to allay these fears by aligning obeah with multiple physical diseases, including yaws and yellow fever, even as doing so further transmitted dangerous representations of obeah and indicated obeah’s power over colonists. Colonists’ failure to locate obeah’s natural causes is manifested formally, in hybrid texts whose generic mixtures reflect the nimr essay assemblages out of essay learning, which obeah was constituted – its collections of natural objects, chants, “jargon,” and ceremonies. Transgender Essay? 23 23. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , IV.392. Essay Learning? View all notes In The Sugar-Cane , for jobs example, Grainger added scientific footnotes to his poetic text, in essay on observational learning, which he stated that obeah men carried a staff marked with “frogs, snakes, c. The blacks imagine that its blow, if not mortal, will at least occasion long and troublesome disorders.” 24 24. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 143–144.
View all notes Grainger attributed the power of the owes an apology obeah man’s staff to Africans’ “belief in magic,” thus contradicting his poetic description of obeah as composed of natural and supernatural elements to support instead the argument that obeah’s powers could be attributed to Africans’ imaginations. But Grainger also admitted that obeah men could “do good” on plantations as long as they were supervised by plantation owners. On Observational? 25 25. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 144. View all notes By placing prose footnotes that acknowledged obeah’s usefulness and that attributed it to Africans’ imaginations alongside his poetic list of obeah’s materials and description of their preternatural powers, Grainger formally represented the argumentative debate over obeah’s powers and the ways in which obeah escaped Euro-colonial epistemological categories.
The poetic and scientific forms in The Sugar-Cane register colonists’ attempts to discover obeah’s natural causes and to categorize obeah as irrational knowledge that preyed on unsuspecting or naive Africans even as these forms also represent colonists’ recognition that obeah was a powerful, valuable phenomena constituted out of mixtures of natural and preternatural powers. Similarly, in his 1800 novel Obi: or the History of Three-Fingered Jack, William Earle mixed the form of the epistolary novel with footnotes, in order to represent multiple explanations of essay, obeah’s powers. American Studies Paper? The novel depicts the capture and execution of an obeah man, and Earle inserted 11 pages of footnotes below the obeah man’s story. 26 26. See Earle, Obi , 72. The Broadview edition omits some of Earle's original footnotes; scholars interested in these should consult the 1800 London edition (published by learning, Earle and Hemet) or the nimr essay 1804 Worcester edition (published by on observational learning, Isaiah Thomas). View all notes These footnotes include a long description of obeah’s qualities copied from the accounts of historians Bryan Edwards and Edward Long. While the footnotes allow the narrative of essay, Euro-colonial triumph over obeah to proceed undeterred, they also represent moments when colonists failed to categorize obeah or to explain it in terms of natural causes, thus introducing preternatural powers into the novel.
In Earle’s novel, the obeah man is successfully captured and executed, and obeah is a practice that can be eradicated by essay, killing its practitioners. However, in the footnotes, which recount instances in transgender, which colonists failed to control or explain obeah, it remains a power that exceeds and escapes colonial epistemologies, one that cannot be controlled by attending to natural causes. As Janelle Rodriques argues in her contribution to this issue, obeah appears in colonial narratives as a strongly disruptive force, one that unravels the categories and forms of social authority it often is invoked to support. Finally, we might see the novels in which obeah plays a key role, such as Maria Edgeworth’s gothic novel Belinda (1801) and romances such as Victor Hugo’s Bug-Jargal (1826) and Cynric Williams’s Hamel, the Obeah Man (1827) as evidence of colonists’ failure to account for obeah in natural or civil histories or legal reports. Essay On Observational? As Tim Watson has pointed out, the “attempt to narrate the essay Caribbean from the point of view of plausibility, verifiability, and reason – realism, in other words – turns into the very forms it seeks to avoid: romantic narrative and its cognates, the gothic, the sentimental, and the melodrama.” 27 27. Watson, Caribbean Culture , 6. View all notes As obeah moved from essay medical treatises and natural histories into gothic novels and romances, its formal trajectory attested to colonists’ failure to locate natural causes for the forms of power they encountered in the Caribbean.
The formal mixtures that define the literatures of obeah replicate textually the ontological mixture that constituted obeah for for dental both colonists and enslaved peoples. For colonists, combining poetic verses or the novel with footnotes allowed them to essay learning represent the confusing set of practices they confronted in obeah: the presence of objects with properties that could be identified in high paying, terms of natural causes alongside practices and powers that they categorized as preternatural. Essay On Observational Learning? Africans’ bodies were central to these contests over essay school power: as Jeffrey Cottrell’s contribution shows, colonial writers responded to the material practices and powers of African women’s bodies by essay on observational learning, imagining obeah as an increasingly powerful force and by developing ever more complex strategies for maintaining control over enslaved women’s bodies. As each text imagines the removal of obeah from the Caribbean, it both acknowledges obeah’s immense power and attempts to subordinate it by exercising control over African bodies. So, too, did writing about obeah offer colonial authors the chance to meditate on coursework, the vulnerability of white bodies; as Justine Murison demonstrates in this issue, representing obeah forced these writers to on observational confront the conflicted relation between the disenchanted minds they imagined themselves to possess and the unsettling openness that marked the high paying jobs bodies of essay learning, those inhabiting the pre-emancipation Caribbean world. The literatures of obeah represent and recirculate, for their readers in Europe and for colonists in modern technology owes, the Caribbean, some of those powers even as they seek to identify and categorize (and thus reduce) them. Essay On Observational Learning? The power of obeah in the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Atlantic World thus resided both in essay, the natural and supernatural worlds that Africans accessed with material and spiritual practices and in the formal mixtures of essay on observational learning, colonial texts. Indeed, for colonists and for European readers, obeah’s power was located precisely in nimr essay, the assemblage of obeah practices and colonial representations of obeah – at a point that Stephan Palmie describes as “a singularly dense mesh of social praxis with its representation.” 28 28. Palmie, “Other Powers,” 317. View all notes.
What, then, does it mean to try to account for obeah’s power in the eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century Atlantic World, located as it is at the intersection of social practice and literary and on observational learning cultural representation? Like other subaltern formations, obeah’s early history was largely chronicled in print by colonial writers, 29 29. Argumentative? Discussions of essay learning, obeah could be found in coursework magazines, colonial histories, medical treatises, governmental documents, and missionary writings, many of on observational learning, which circulated in excerpted forms in newspapers, novels, and chapbooks and served as the basis for fictional and transgender argumentative theatrical works about obeah in the colonies. Essay Learning? Many of these discussions figured within larger accounts of the school escaped slave turned bandit Jack Mansong; for learning a detailed survey of the many iterations of Jack’s story, see Paton, “The Afterlives of Three-Fingered Jack.” Srinivas Aravamudan’s introduction to William Earle’s Obi (Broadview Press, 2008) also offers an extensive overview of literary accounts of modern owes ecology an apology, obeah. Diana Paton’s online archive Obeah Histories (www.obeahhistories.org) also offers an essential introduction to obeah’s textual record, past and present. View all notes many of whom had complex, limited, or frankly hostile relations to the practices they described. 30 30.
While obeah’s colonial chroniclers often used discussions of obeah to advance stridently negative ideas about enslaved Africans, we would also note that some natural historians also treated enslaved Africans’ knowledge of herbal and medicinal preparations – which were often classed with obeah – with respect and even deference. Colonial dismissals of learning, obeah took multiple and varied forms in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, from knowing dismissal of enslaved Africans’ supposed credulity, to panicked fear of gcse, a well-camouflaged poison, to open respect for what Susan Scott Parrish describes as “the slave fully initiated into the secrets of nature,” persons who could skillfully negotiate the West Indies’ natural and on observational sometimes supernatural worlds. See Parrish, American Curiosity , 262. View all notes Any attempt to access the social practices that colonial observers called “obeah,” then, has to contend with the limits of high jobs essay, these source materials, the on observational learning ways in which their “dense mesh” of practice and representation entangles historical fact in colonial fantasy. As Palmie puts it, “much of what our evidence actually tells us is that their masters or social superordinates (including anthropologists) strongly believed that slaves, peasants, and workers might believe in such things.” 31 31. Palmie, “Other Powers,” 326. View all notes Seeking evidence of obeah in transgender essay, the historical record, in other words, scholars find instead a prototype of the on observational learning colonial mind and the fears that animated it.
This enmeshment of nimr essay, practice and representation enjoins those who would seek to on observational trace obeah’s powers to adopt a radical modesty; since those who believed in nimr essay, and practiced obeah did so “in ways that largely escape the documentary record,” 32 32. On Observational? Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 326. View all notes Palmie argues, one of the most important things we can learn about obeah is technology “what we, in fact, do not (and possibly cannot) know about it.” 33 33. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 333. View all notes. We find ourselves in full and enthusiastic agreement with Palmie, and with others like him, in his insistence that we not take the source materials that record obeah’s presence in the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Atlantic as transparent accounts of learning, obeah practices or the beliefs that motivated them. Yet we are also motivated by recent scholarly work that insists, as Simon Gikandi does, that “the figure of the slave could come to complicate what an archive meant.” 34 34. Quoted in Aljoe, Dillon, Doyle, and Hopwood, “Obeah and the Early Caribbean Digital Archive,” in this special issue.
View all notes As the founders of the Early Caribbean Digital Archive observe in their contribution to this issue, we must attend both to the knowledges these sources seek to create and the ones they seek to make inaccessible. We think that it might be possible to work modestly with these sources while also recognizing their limits – to turn to this archive for something other than an account of praxis that can stand apart from the representation that harbors it. High Paying Essay? If these representations do not offer direct transcripts of the social practices they claim to chronicle, their formal failures register the pressure of obeah’s powers, the ways in which genres such as natural history and romantic and gothic fictions were pushed to their epistemological limits as colonial authors tried to render social formations they only dimly understood. 35 35. Here we think of Christopher Iannini’s insistence that genre forms have an epistemology.
See Iannini, Fatal Revolutions, 23–25. View all notes Likewise, the essay learning fact remains that the source materials that remain for contemporary scholars also served as loci at which European, Caribbean, and American audiences came into relation with obeah and powers like it. Essay? As they read about obeah in essay, medical treatises, newspaper articles, and chapbooks, or saw it travestied in pantomimes or cartoons, audiences throughout the Atlantic found their bodies assembled together with obeah’s unfamiliar powers, through the owes an apology conduit of the medium that brought obeah to them. Holding a newspaper or a chapbook in their hands, or joining the audience of one of the pantomimes that told of slave revolutions fueled by obeah rituals, readers and viewers opened themselves, if only for a moment, to experiencing obeah as part of the on observational material world in which they read and that they shared with others. 36 36. Here we’re interested in the way in which obeah works like the empowered assemblages Jane Bennett describes – crucially, ones that may enlist their members without their consent. Transgender Argumentative Essay? See Bennett, 21–22. We are aware, as well, that there are as many possible relations with texts (and pantomimes) as one can imagine uses; for one important account of the many misuses to which Britons put their books, see Leah Price, How to Do Things with Books . On this world-sharing, see Jaudon, “Obeah’s Sensations.” View all notes Obeah may have been something they rejected or accepted, something to which they turned for practical knowledge of West Indies life or simply for gothic amusement, but in each of these cases coming to essay on observational know it meant enacting the habits and nimr essay postures and behaviors that fit newspapers and pantomimes into their worlds. If these sources can never give us obeah practices in pure, unadulterated form – obeah in its own right, in its intimate connection to the historical actors who used it, revised it, and learning believed in nimr essay, it – what they may offer us is a portrait of how those practices and beliefs registered within the Atlantic World, of the entanglements and affiliations that grew up around them.
We can find in on observational, these sources, in other words, the outlines of the assemblages they sought to generate – the felt texture of the common world into which they imagined readers, colonial authorities, and obeah practices and practitioners. 37 37. Our thinking on nimr essay, this point has been spurred by the scholarly turn toward the new materialisms and actor-network theory, especially as it has figured in work by Jane Bennett and Bruno Latour. On Observational Learning? This second form of assemblage generated by the errand to write about obeah shares with Bennett’s assemblages the sense that its members might not be willingly enlisted (for instance, her suggestion that the agency of an high paying jobs essay assemblage might arise from “the collaboration, cooperation, or interactive interference of many bodies and forces”; see Vibrant Matter , 21), as it also follows Latour’s insistence that sociality consists in an ever-changing network of associations (see, for instance, Reassembling the Social ). View all notes. We would suggest, then, that the assemblages that grew up around and essay on observational learning through these colonial accounts might themselves offer one way to learn more about obeah and research paper powers like it. Here we think that literary and literary-historical scholarship of the kind this special issue presents has something distinctive to offer interdisciplinary-minded scholars who are interested in these questions. 38 38. Literary scholars who have written extensively about obeah include Srinivas Aravamudan, Elizabeth Maddock Dillon, Alan Richardson, Candace Ward, Tim Watson, and both of the editors of this special issue, among others. Essay On Observational Learning? View all notes Our turn in this direction is motivated, at least in part, by the by now well-recognized asymmetries between historians’ and literary scholars’ treatment of each other's’ work.
Eric Slauter has argued that the differences between literary scholars and historians – and, in recent years, the argumentative essay willingness of literary scholars to cite historians compared to the general paucity of citations from historians to literary scholars, a differential he terms the “trade gap” – depend at least in part on a differing approach to source materials (they historicize different things). Yet Elizabeth Maddock Dillon insists that what’s really at play here is “a large area of noncoincidence between the aims and desires of literary studies and historical studies,” one that focuses literary scholars’ attention on “an essential aspect of the community generated by the advent of an Atlantic World: namely a set of signifying practices (and erasures) that shaped the world we inhabit today.” 39 39. Dillon, “Atlantic Practices,” 185. View all notes Dillon’s insistence on the primary concern of on observational learning, literary scholars with aesthetics – in particular, with “the analysis of form and genre” – registers her insistence on two twinned principles: that the political realm in which we come to live together is strongly shaped by signifying practices, and that literary scholars are particularly well positioned to american studies research paper explain these practices’ power and significance. Essay? 40 40. Dillon, “Atlantic Practices,” 185. For Dental School? View all notes For Dillon, as for many other literary scholars, the structures and learning patterns that guide representation matter because they shape the terms on which people sensed and perceived the world they shared in common, the coursework magazines sites at which they could become social beings. As Cindy Weinstein and essay learning Chris Looby put it: “ aesthetic [becomes] a usable term precisely because its history involves the discipline of modern technology an apology essay, a careful attention to essay on observational surfaces and appearances, to the sensible textures of things, and american research its history also preserves the conviction that social and political life always has a sensory and perceptual dimension.” 41 41. Weinstein and Looby, “Introduction,” 8. View all notes. We are interested, then, in the ways in which these archives record how colonial writers sought to make obeah sensible – to weave it into the Atlantic World readers and practitioners shared. Take again, for instance, one of the most widely circulated late-eighteenth-century accounts of obeah and its powers, Benjamin Moseley’s description of obeah in his 1799 Treatise on Sugar . 42 42.
In addition to essay its appearance in the Jamaican newspaper The Royal Gazette and in multiple iterations of longer works published in high paying essay, London, excerpts of Moseley’s discussion of obeah appeared in newspapers in Boston ( Boston Gazette , 26 March 1801), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania ( The Gleaner , 21 January 1814), New York City ( New-York Courier , 9 October 1816), Albany, New York ( The Albany Advertiser , 12 October 1816), Washington, D.C. ( Washington City Weekly Gazette , 19 October 1816), and essay learning Newport, Rhode Island ( Rhode-Island Republican , 30 October 1816), sometimes as reprints from The Royal Gazette . See Carey and Paton, “Histories of Three-Fingered Jack” and Jaudon, “Obeah’s Sensations,” 737 n. 21. Transgender? View all notes As we discuss above, Moseley’s account offers a classic representation of obeah-as-assemblage, listing the ostensibly natural objects that an obeah might contain and making visible the ways in which obeah’s powers confound empiricist modes of observation. Moseley’s text also , and paradoxically, opens up the possibility that we can see how colonial authors sought to orient their readerships to the phenomenon they were describing – the way that the tenuous project of making obeah knowable, with all its limits, also sought to teach audiences how to essay learning understand how obeah figured into the world in which they lived. Here is the full passage in gcse media, which Moseley’s list of an obeah’s contents appears: OBI, for the purposes of bewitching people, or consuming them by lingering illness, is essay on observational learning made of grave dirt, hair, teeth of sharks, and other creatures, blood, feathers, egg-shells, images in wax, the hearts of nimr essay, birds, and some potent roots, weeds, and essay bushes, of which Europeans are at this time ignorant; but which were known, for the same purposes, to the ancients. Certain mixtures of these ingredients are burnt; or buried very deep in the ground; or hung up a chimney; or laid under the research threshold of the essay door of the jobs party, to suffer; with incantation songs, or curses, performed at midnight, regarding the aspects of the moon … A negro, who thinks himself bewitched by OBI, will apply to an Obi-man, or Obi-woman, for cure. […] I saw the on observational learning OBI of the famous negro robber, Three fingered JACK, the terror of Jamaica in studies, 1780 and 1781. […] His OBI consisted of the end of a goat’s horn, filled with a compound of grave dirt, ashes, the blood of a black cat, and essay on observational learning human fat; all mixed into a kind of paste. A black cat’s foot, a dried toad, a pig’s tail, a slip of parchment of kid’s skin, with characters marked in nimr essay, blood on it, were also in essay on observational learning, his Obian bag. 43 43. Moseley, Treatise , 171–173. View all notes. In moments such as these we see not what obeah was in its own right, but rather the web of relations to which colonial authors thought it belonged. Turning an jobs eye toward these texts’ aesthetic properties shows how they seek to invest their audiences in on observational, what is, at nimr essay, its heart, an orienting project: one in which the powers that these texts struggle and sometimes fail to trace back to the natural world are still brought into their readers’ everyday lives in some form.
When he lists the raw ingredients that compose an obeah, Moseley asks his readers to essay on observational see the single objects he has extracted from it – a slip of modern ecology an apology, parchment, an eggshell, a feather – as individual representatives of larger categories of familiar objects. As he makes the obeah’s disaggregated components available to sense perception, Moseley renders obeah, in some senses, ordinary – part of the background of objects one encounters in essay, one’s everyday life. Yet mixed into these moments of recognition are a set of descriptions that cannot be directly verified through the senses: one has no way to nimr essay know that what Moseley describes as “the blood of on observational, a black cat” came from a cat that was not brown or gray, or that it came from a cat at all. These are the moments at which, as we’ve noted above, the text veers toward the romantic and especially gothic modes that Tim Watson discusses. And they are the moments in which obeah’s recognizability as a part of the material world metropolitans and colonials shared relied both on the familiarity of nimr essay, material objects and the legibility of particular genres and tropes: the mythical powers of grave dirt, the magical efficacy of a black cat. Essay On Observational Learning? Reading obeah, in other words, meant knowing it as a part of nimr essay, other stories, as something that could be recognized in the fictions and narratives that circulated in one’s culture.
As they cross-pollinated obeah with the gothic, in particular, these texts aligned it with a cluster of possibly-real, possibly-imaginary dangers, horrors, and thrills that, when they appear in fictive texts, become at once part of how the world might be and something that might be imaginary, unreal. In other words, they teach readers to adopt an attitude of provisionality, to perceive obeah as something of interest that may or may not be real. At first glance, this provisionality might appear to essay be something obvious, something secular moderns can take for granted. Yet here we do well to high jobs remember that the forms of recognition and orientation Moseley’s text chronicles had to be brought into being. And this, we think, is part of what a distinctively literary take on obeah may offer scholars interested in the legacy of these and other powers – a better understanding of the social formation and embodied orientations that grew up, tenuously and essay on observational learning imperfectly, to try to integrate them into the Atlantic World. If we agree with Palmie that “the ‘other powers’ wielded by high essay, the subaltern other do not easily yield to ‘objective knowledge,’ unless the observer herself … agrees to come under its influence,” then one way we might begin to essay on observational apprehend those powers is within the web of influences, literary and otherwise, that shaped those who would have encountered them in the past.
45 45. Palmie, “Other Powers,” 325. View all notes To do so may be to recognize, as the contributors to this special issue do, that our knowledge of obeah’s past may be a particularly entangled history – one in nimr essay, which praxis and learning representation can never stand fully apart. We thank the editors of Atlantic Studies for fostering and american studies paper supporting this special issue, as well as Kelly Bezio, Tim Cassedy, Gabriel Cervantes, Nora Gilbert, Melissa Gniadek, Lucia Hodgson, Giffen Maupin, Dahlia Porter, Debapriya Sarkar, and Daniel Walden for their feedback on this introduction. No potential conflict of interest was reported by the author. Toni Wall Jaudon is an assistant professor of English at on observational learning, Northwestern University. Her essays have appeared in American Literature and owes an apology American Literary History . Currently, she is at work on a study of the liveliness of religious objects in the nineteenth-century Americas. Kelly Wisecup is an assistant professor of English at Northwestern University. On Observational Learning? She is the author of Medical Encounters: Knowledge and Identity in Early American Literatures (University of Massachusetts Press, 2013) and the editor of “Good News from New England” by owes an apology, Edward Winslow: A Scholarly Edition (University of Massachusetts Press, 2014). 1. On the learning disciplines, see the essays in Siskin and Warner, This is Enlightenment and transgender argumentative essay Lenoir, “Discipline of on observational, Nature.” 2. See, for a few examples, Rivett, Science of the Soul ; Delbourgo, Most Amazing Scene ; Watson, Angelical Conjunction ; Erben, Harmony of the Spirits . 3. See Sweet, Domingos Alvares . Essay? For a compelling introduction to current scholarly work on these intersections, see “Religion and Medicine in essay on observational, American Literature,” a recent special issue of Literature and Medicine coedited by Kelly Bezio and gcse media coursework magazines Ashley Reed. 4. See Stoler, Along the Archival Grain , especially 50, as well as Epstein, Scandal of Colonial Rule and Joseph, Reading the East India Company . 5. For early studies of obeah, see Williams, Psychic Phenomena ; Bastide, African Civilizations ; and Patterson, Sociology of essay on observational, Slavery.
These scholars, to varying degrees, read colonial texts as capable of nimr essay, revealing accurate information about essay on observational learning, African belief and knowledge that could be fruitfully juxtaposed against European epistemological categories, from “religion,” to “witchcraft,” to transgender argumentative “Africa.” They also emphasized the essential Africanity of obeah; for on observational learning example, after interviewing practicing obeah men, Williams concluded that obeah was African witchcraft that had been imported into studies research paper, the West Indies. Handler’s and essay on observational Bilby’s co-written work usefully complicated such positivist approaches by media coursework, showing that the term “obeah” and its definitions as witchcraft were colonial constructions, with some material correspondents in Africans’ practices. See Handler and Bilby, “On the Early Use” and “Obeah.” Their studies established the foundation for scholarship of the past decade or so, which has developed Handler’s and Bilby’s methodological skepticism of essay learning, colonial texts to examine the ways in which colonial accounts of obeah served larger social, aesthetic, and legal aims. See, for nimr essay example, Aravamudan, “Introduction”; and Richardson, “Romantic Voodoo”; Watson, Caribbean Culture; Paton, “Witchcraft, Law, Poison”; the essays in Paton and Forde, Obeah and Other Powers ; and Browne, “‘Bad Business’ of Obeah.” 6. Stewart, Three Eyes , 42. 7. Stewart, Three Eyes , 103–104. Essay On Observational Learning? 8. Handler and Bilby, “On the transgender essay Early Use,” 87. 9. Essay Learning? See Paton, “Witchcraft, Poison, Law.” 10. Daston, “Marvelous Facts,” 107. 11.
See Daston, “Marvelous Facts,” 107. 12. See Brown, Reaper’s Garden , and Wisecup, “Knowing Obeah.” 13. Essay? Long, History of Jamaica , 416. 14. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , IV.384–386. 15. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , IV.387–392. 16. For an important reading of obeah’s combinatory powers, see Dillon, “Obi, Assemblage, Enchantment.” 17.
Hughes, Natural History , 15. 18. Edwards, History, Civil and essay on observational Commercial , 87. 19. Moseley, Treatise on Sugar , 171. 20. Hughes, Natural History , 15. 21. See Mack, “Horace Walpole.” 22. Moseley, Treatise on Sugar , 171.
23. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , IV.392. 24. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 143–144. 25. Transgender Argumentative? Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 144. Learning? 26. See Earle, Obi , 72.
The Broadview edition omits some of Earle's original footnotes; scholars interested in these should consult the 1800 London edition (published by nimr essay, Earle and Hemet) or the 1804 Worcester edition (published by Isaiah Thomas). 27. On Observational? Watson, Caribbean Culture , 6. 28. Palmie, “Other Powers,” 317. Transgender Argumentative? 29. Discussions of obeah could be found in colonial histories, medical treatises, governmental documents, and missionary writings, many of which circulated in excerpted forms in newspapers, novels, and chapbooks and served as the basis for fictional and theatrical works about obeah in the colonies. Many of these discussions figured within larger accounts of the escaped slave turned bandit Jack Mansong; for a detailed survey of the many iterations of Jack’s story, see Paton, “The Afterlives of Three-Fingered Jack.” Srinivas Aravamudan’s introduction to William Earle’s Obi (Broadview Press, 2008) also offers an extensive overview of literary accounts of essay on observational learning, obeah. Diana Paton’s online archive Obeah Histories (www.obeahhistories.org) also offers an essential introduction to obeah’s textual record, past and present. 30.
While obeah’s colonial chroniclers often used discussions of obeah to advance stridently negative ideas about enslaved Africans, we would also note that some natural historians also treated enslaved Africans’ knowledge of herbal and medicinal preparations – which were often classed with obeah – with respect and even deference. Colonial dismissals of studies research, obeah took multiple and learning varied forms in research, the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, from essay knowing dismissal of enslaved Africans’ supposed credulity, to panicked fear of a well-camouflaged poison, to open respect for essay school what Susan Scott Parrish describes as “the slave fully initiated into the secrets of nature,” persons who could skillfully negotiate the West Indies’ natural and sometimes supernatural worlds. See Parrish, American Curiosity , 262. 31. Essay? Palmie, “Other Powers,” 326. 32. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 326. Gcse Coursework? 33. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 333. 34.
Quoted in on observational, Aljoe, Dillon, Doyle, and Hopwood, “Obeah and the Early Caribbean Digital Archive,” in this special issue. 35. Here we think of Christopher Iannini’s insistence that genre forms have an epistemology. Nimr Essay? See Iannini, Fatal Revolutions, 23–25. 36. Here we’re interested in the way in which obeah works like the essay on observational learning empowered assemblages Jane Bennett describes – crucially, ones that may enlist their members without their consent. Jobs? See Bennett, 21–22. We are aware, as well, that there are as many possible relations with texts (and pantomimes) as one can imagine uses; for one important account of the many misuses to which Britons put their books, see Leah Price, How to Do Things with Books . On this world-sharing, see Jaudon, “Obeah’s Sensations.” 37. Our thinking on this point has been spurred by essay, the scholarly turn toward the new materialisms and actor-network theory, especially as it has figured in work by Jane Bennett and Bruno Latour.
This second form of argumentative, assemblage generated by the errand to write about obeah shares with Bennett’s assemblages the sense that its members might not be willingly enlisted (for instance, her suggestion that the agency of an assemblage might arise from “the collaboration, cooperation, or interactive interference of many bodies and forces”; see Vibrant Matter , 21), as it also follows Latour’s insistence that sociality consists in an ever-changing network of associations (see, for instance, Reassembling the Social ). 38. Literary scholars who have written extensively about obeah include Srinivas Aravamudan, Elizabeth Maddock Dillon, Alan Richardson, Candace Ward, Tim Watson, and both of the editors of this special issue, among others. 39. Dillon, “Atlantic Practices,” 185. 40. Dillon, “Atlantic Practices,” 185. 41. Weinstein and Looby, “Introduction,” 8. Essay On Observational Learning? 42. Paying Jobs? In addition to its appearance in the Jamaican newspaper The Royal Gazette and in multiple iterations of longer works published in London, excerpts of on observational, Moseley’s discussion of obeah appeared in newspapers in Boston ( Boston Gazette , 26 March 1801), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania ( The Gleaner , 21 January 1814), New York City ( New-York Courier , 9 October 1816), Albany, New York ( The Albany Advertiser , 12 October 1816), Washington, D.C. ( Washington City Weekly Gazette , 19 October 1816), and Newport, Rhode Island ( Rhode-Island Republican , 30 October 1816), sometimes as reprints from The Royal Gazette . See Carey and Paton, “Histories of Three-Fingered Jack” and Jaudon, “Obeah’s Sensations,” 737 n. 21. 43. Moseley, Treatise , 171–173.
44. Writing about the minkisi used among the BaKongo, Wyatt MacGaffey underscores how ritually empowered African objects garnered their force from high deliberate processes of on observational learning, assemblage. See “African Objects,” especially 126, and “Fetishism Revisited,” 173. For an modern ecology account of the essay learning cross-pollination between Kongo minkisi and conjuring practices among Atlantic Africans in the Georgia and South Carolina Lowcountry, see Young, “ Minkisi ”. Note also, however, the concerns Stephan Palmie raises about media, attempts to divine the African origins of the diverse and historically specific practices that evolved among enslaved Africans in the Americas (see, especially, the introduction to essay on observational learning Africas of the jobs essay Americas ). What is clear from Moseley’s account is how deeply invested he was in disassembly as a way of essay on observational, working against the power that the obeah seemed to bear. 45.
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Prologue to An Eve Like Me: 12 Steps to essay Self-Discovery, Recovery, and God? September 10, 2016. High Paying Jobs! 9:10 P.M. In less than 12 hours it will have been 12 years since I lost my virginity. Essay On Observational Learning! There’s that number again.
In the early morning hours of media, September 11, 2004 I had sex for the first time. Most women I’ve known lost their virginities to high-school sweethearts or at least saved it for the safe context of on observational, a committed relationship. Instead, I did it with a boy I didn’t even know personally, accidently on the anniversary of for dental, 9/11. It wasn’t one of those get-it-over-with situations, either. I wanted to on observational learning fuck. I wanted to fuck this boy. High! So, I put myself in a situation that would facilitate my propositioning him. I didn’t care what day it was. This is an account of learning, that first event and the adventures that followed it.
My purpose is to try to american studies understand how I’ve gotten here and now in on observational learning, my sexual, psychospiritual life. Essay School! You see, I’m recovering. I’m recovering from years of abuse at the hands of an ignorant God, one that came to me in childhood. In one instance, my older brother gloated to 10-11 year old me that God commanded woman to submit to man. He may even have quoted Genesis. Naturally I’ve spent the last 16 or 17 years agonizing about this and other experiences I had as a woman raised in a conservative Christian family while fucking to try to learn what equality might mean. In my journey I came (sometimes) across fascinating mysticism in Judaism (Kabbalah and Midrash), delved into the radical teachings of on observational learning, Jesus (in and owes an apology outside Biblical boundaries), completed a B.A. in on observational, philosophy (with honors!) and had my share of nimr essay, sexual eurekas and embarrassments I’d like to share with you now. Essay! I hope you’ll permit my drive to connect the seemingly unrelated worlds of sex (the physical) and spirituality (the mental). But first, let me get defensive right quick.
When I describe God as ignorant, I mean it literally. Magazines! Yahweh was an ignorant bastard according to a group of essay on observational learning, early Christians (and non-Christians) broadly referred to as Gnostics. Most of their writings had been lost to the ages (annihilated from history by the Church) until a chance discovery in Nag Hammadi, Egypt in 1945. Their translation was partly championed by Carl Jung. One of the works, entitled The Apocryphon of John, is the Gnostic version of the creation myth and tells the for dental, story of what happened before the Genesis creation. In their view, God is on observational not omnipotent, omniscient, benevolent; instead, like all men, He’s fundamentally flawed. In the beginning, all of reality exists as an gcse, undivided and indivisible whole. Comprising this totality are complementary sets of balancing characters.
One of these is Sophia (wisdom), who seeks to essay create something all by herself and without the consent of studies research, her (unnamed) counterpart. She goes off alone, away from the Aeons, only to learning bring forth Ialdabaoth. Yahweh. He’s all fucked up, incapable of comprehending or sensing anything but himself. He creates humanity to worship Him as the nimr essay, One and Only, but Sophia, in a spirit of learning, repentance, seeks the help of Everything to resolve this ontological mistake. With that help she plants the seed of the modern owes ecology an apology essay, Everything – spirit, knowledge, a soul, whatever – into humankind, such that we’re not doomed to be the droning surrogates of an imperfect being. We have a choice about it, anyway. Sometimes I feel as though I walk in her footsteps, taking on the burden of creation. Writing, making art, producing all these misshapen creative children.
But somewhere inside of essay, them is a seed of truth, which is all I can hope to offer anyway. And so hopefully, Sophia permitting, I can make it through my 12-Step program to right the wrong (gno the alternative) of a series of ignorant Gods and find (fuck?) my way back to Eden. I can’t un-eat the essay for dental school, fruit of the on observational learning, tree of knowledge, but I can complete my holy self with fruit from the Tree of Life. High Paying Jobs Essay! This is my life. THEOSOPHY I – The Meaning (lessness) of Life, or Prelude to My Entire Sexual History. In 1945, men in search of weapons to essay learning fight a blood feud instead find a collection of nimr essay, vessels full of on observational learning, scrolls in the Egyptian desert at modern technology an apology, Nag Hammadi. Hoping to fetch a handsome profit for the priceless antiquities, the scrolls arrive on the market and are quickly deemed significant by on observational learning, none other than Freud contemporary Carl G. Studies Research Paper! Jung. Jung, a major figure at the time and on observational learning great-grandfather of the Star Wars franchise (Lucas - Campbell - Jung) directed efforts to translate the scrolls from Coptic. What he and other scholars found was a way of thinking, a set of beliefs, a manifestation of coursework, culture that would seem far ahead of essay learning, its time. Written before, during, and after the gcse media coursework, time of Jesus, the Gnostic literature paints a vastly more diverse early Christianity than we are accustomed to.
Females in on observational learning, leadership roles; women were accepted as equals. Broad interests in for dental, anti-patriarchal thought. On Observational Learning! Correspondence with individuals from many tribes, many belief systems, many castes – these were the modern technology owes ecology an apology essay, OG’s of the on observational learning, ancient world. There’s even evidence to suggest the Gnostics experimented with psychedelics and would certainly have had experience with hemp and cannabis. Their threat to power structures – religious and secular – was enormous. They were therefore eliminated from collective consciousness. Their books were banned, then burned by would become the Catholic Church. Obliterated from history for american research paper 1600 years.
It’s my belief their values lived on in our collective unconscious. They, at least, came into mine. Being raised in a traditional Christian upbringing had its joys and sorrows for a girl. On Observational Learning! But this girl valued freedom too much to be satisfied with the nimr essay, Bible alone. Because my father is Catholic, and essay my mother a Protestant, I was exposed to broad understandings of Christianity.
I spent time with friends in and out of the tradition: a Korean Baptist church, summer camp with Mennonites, AWANAs at an American Baptist church, rubbed shoulders with some pagan witches – after all, Jesus made friends with everyone – all while in middle school. When I was still a child, still becoming a woman, a new understanding came to me in the form of some foreign storytelling. In Japan, an entire genre of animation thrives under the name “anime.” As an owes ecology essay, outsider, my friend circle was comprised of the similarly outcast, with many individuals who appreciated this art form. It was easy to trade loves of Sailor Moon and Dragon Ball Z (on American TV! Awesome!) but there were a few titles that were perhaps too edgy for the airwaves in the U.S. When I first came upon the anime Neon Genesis Evangelion, the artwork alone was enough to draw me in. I still gravitate to essay on observational its color schemes 15 years later. Besides color, it gave me a whole aesthetic, a new understanding.
It came to me the same time the Left Behind books did. Apocalypse. Armageddon. It’s the story of the end of the world. There’s enough content to fill an entire book (or at least to studies paper deserve its own post). For now it suffices to say it opened Christianity for me even further, like a supermassive black hole. Theoretical physics.
Jewish mysticism. Abnormal psychology. The themes and subjects addressed by this massive undertaking went, I thought, way over my head. But there was something about it that burrowed into my subconscious, thoughts and feelings that seemed to speak to that kind of gnoledge I mentioned in on observational learning, my preface. Appropriate, because it was my first introduction to literature outside the Christian canon – specifically, Kabbalah, midrash, and the Dead Sea Scrolls. It was because of this anime that I eventually came across Gnostic scripture. It may even have influenced my choice of academic degrees: one in filmmaking, the other in philosophy. It is a perfect, beautiful, singular blend of secular and religious thought. And it is, I believe, a prophecy. Joseph Campbell and Carl Jung spent a great deal of time unpacking the transgender argumentative, baggage of Western thought.
One concept, archetypes, factored heavily for essay me when re-watching Eva recently. Major liturgical characters and symbols emerge from the mire of the Second Impact. Adam, prototypical man. Angels, bringers of war. A secret cabal of world players.
Hidden knowledge – the Kabbalist Tree of Life emblazoned on the ceiling of Gendo Ikari’s office headquartered at NERV, a giant pyramid. Magazines! Lilith – Adam’s first wife, from the midrash tradition. Learning! The Lance of Longinus -that which cut Jesus on high paying essay the cross. Adolescent anxiety about sex. And through all this, Adam Kadmon. Oh, Adam Kadmon. I would recommend that none of you start with Wikipedia on that one, only because the language gets so dense so quickly. Patriarchy has an interesting way of obscuring concepts on which it’s founded.
Reading between the lines, the meaning of Adam Kadmon is essay on observational learning such: “The original” Man without a vessel (woman) Man without a mother The one who existed before he came into the world The non-container who contains all souls… Until the Original Sin. Then he becomes the essay, first. Essay! The first man, less so the modern an apology, original man. Flesh, containing spirit, rather than pure spirit. But until then…(until sex? Until the essay on observational, creation of the corrupting vessel? Until…heck.) Divine light. The possibility of perfect man. Man’s parts in harmony Divine light without needing substance on which to reflect.
The absolute abstract. Our collective parasite. And we are his hosts. As in Evangelion’s portrayal, we must be destroyed for Adam Kadmon to thrive naturally. He is the primordial ooze from gcse coursework, which defenses of masculinist theology flow. And like dualism, and like misogyny, and like classism, and like authority, this idea too, must be understood and uprooted if we free thinking peoples of the world are to essay on observational learning survive. The recognition of mutual requirement, the recognition of the owes ecology essay, integration of matter and energy and their dynamic relationship with space and time, the on observational learning, acceptance of essay for dental, The Mother and the bounty of on observational learning, light she too provides, must take precedence if our species should survive, evolve, and thrive. Prophecy is the way for us to know what lies in store in their next stage of our evolution, because to some extent we have a say in how that goes. Leonard Shlain argues in Art and Physics: Parallel Visions in Space, Time, and Light that prophecy is simply stating what has always been true, connecting the linear thread of past, present, and future into an indefatigable whole. There are three major sources of nimr essay, this timeless truth. Art, sex, and entheogens.
To get to the task of creation, and let yourself be awestruck and inspired when others make their offerings. Give yourself to the otherworldly terror that is intimacy and vulnerability when bodies and minds collide. Seek the wisdom of nature through plant medicine, and re-enter the divine maternal matrix of your consciousness and on observational learning your flesh. We thrive on dynamism, not stasis. Stasis is the only death, and vice versa. To demonstrate this knowledge I will soon be treating you to An Eve Like Me: My 12 Steps to Discovery and Self-Recovery, in american paper, which I will entertain you with my tragic, comic sexual history, one man at a time, concluding with Adam Kadmon himself. [the strong feminine fights fascism; from Tarantino’s Inglourious Basterds ] This is an appeal, and an apology. On Observational Learning! I’ll get the bad news out of the technology an apology essay, way.
Apologies first. The bad news is that I’ll be airing all our dirty laundry to the world. I won’t use your names, but due to essay context your indentities may be mildly compromised to owes ecology an apology others. For this, I apologize. The bad news is that not all of you were satisfying to me for learning a variety of reasons, some of which you may not have known. How could you know if I didn’t tell you so? For all my words and all my creativity I sometimes find myself most at high jobs, a loss to communicate with those closest to me. For this, I apologize. The bad news is that I was not created to be possessed by any one person. While I’ve never been the kind to cheat in monogamous relationships, my mind and my person have always been a free, ungovernable state.
For those of you with whom I spent too much time, for those of you who felt you were investing in essay on observational, a future, in a family, I apologize. The bad news is that I haven’t always taken into transgender essay account the complexity of what it means to be a human being. Some of learning, you may have felt used, objectified, unappreciated, unfairly dismissed. For this, I apologize. The bad news is that I sometimes pretend to nimr essay be happy, pretend to feel pleasure, pretend to be willing but I’m not. But for this, I cannot apologize. This is my appeal. I cannot apologize for the hours, days, weeks, months, years I’ve spent trying to learning please you men.
It’s what I was crafted to do. There were certain classes of modern technology owes an apology essay, information, conditioned by essay on observational, the fact of nimr essay, my sex to recognize. I was raised to believe that sex was all you really wanted. Through trial and error I discovered that massaging your ego was your actual desire. Essay! It never mattered how eager, how attentively I made love to you: what you seemed to want was my highest esteem. For me to tell you I’d never had anything so good.
Unfortunately, lovers, I’ve always privileged my own esteem over yours; my fragile ego forever taking precedence. You would never truly have my submission because you never deserved it. I sometimes sacrificed the promise of high jobs, happiness for this fact. When you’ve been experiencing orgasm since the age of 4 at essay on observational learning, the fluid hands of rushing waters, there’s no dick, nor man, that would ever be so giving. Hear me, lovers. Nimr Essay! My innocence would never have been subdued by you – imperfect, vulnerable, insides soft with insecurity. I am a wild thing. All the on observational learning, while you tried to studies research paper escape your wilderness, for on observational learning control, maybe for lack of real power, maybe just because you didn’t know any better, but I could smell your fear of the essay, wilderness in me. But truly, all I ever wanted from on observational, you was an experience of this wilderness, this primal urge to shun the masks of civilized behavior to american studies research release the animal we were together. The analyzed, programmed, practiced sex many of us shared was a sham of what I sought.
Please, lovers, surprise your others. It is no sin to be vulnerable. The psychological violence of your state as a male, as a phallus, as a projecting, wasteful, weak piece of flesh will never satisfy the bodies that willingly provide themselves to you unless you transcend your limitations. Make her knees weak with your own submission to the power of the feminine body, projection of the feminine psyche. Get lost in the abyss of essay learning, mystery and depth.
Accept your mortality. Growl satisfaction into her ear. For Dental! Give her signs of your completion within her fecund womb. Deal with the reality that you came from a cunt, and accept your death at its return. Get over your strange mothering. Essay Learning! Lose control, but not compassion. Feel your soul release and transcend itself to the connectedness of all beings to each other.
Comfort her in gcse media, her own virile wilderness. Be together. Be your better self. Be worthy of your status as a man. Essay! Prove you’re worth more than some transient semen. Experience real passion rather than trying to protect her, or protect yourself. Unless you are legitimately trying to hurt her, there’s a lot more than you’re giving that she can probably handle. And for fuck’s sake, believe that when I said all I really wanted was someone to research fuck regularly without all the trappings of traditional man/woman relationships, I wasn’t fucking lying to you, you fucking idiots. So fuck, and learn to do it well. Not just with bodies, but with minds.
Otherwise, you’ll never be free. Welcome to Moral Monday. Our first topic! HOLY WAR [HOLE-Y WAR] Has the American Christian Right been mobilized to defeat a new generation of Christs? Can women be Christs? Is the hashtag the new Amen? Is this hell?
“Forgive them, father, they know not what they do.” Jesus’ appeal was to the Father. The Father of Knowing. What proceeds is on observational a cry from a gnoeing mother. That autocorrected to gnawing mother. But I’m not lactating and I don’t think I was breastfed? But I do like having my tits gnawed on. Transgender Essay! Ok! Here goes. What’s happened to learning our mothers? I can ask that question because mine, sadly, is essay dead.
She suffered, died and was buried, and I hope somewhere in this myriad of soul she can be embraced to save others. She was kind-hearted, passive aggressive, a great storyteller, had poor self-care habits, and was virulently Republican, Protestant. Not virulently Protestant – she married a Catholic who fulfilled his sworn duty to love and protect her to the fucking bitter end. But our mothers’ souls have been captured by essay, the enemy. The fucking bitter enemy. Oh! Fucking. That’s a “curse” word, a “swear” word, something frowned upon in the logos of God. “God-Fearing.” Yeah, true enough, they worship a fearsome God, one who spreads gems of gcse magazines, socially, sexually, pathologically violent excuses for when you judge by the laws of the Pharisees. Which God is being served by these people.
Who becomes the Satan? Hitler’s God. Essay Learning! Hitler’s Satan. Exactly. Why would A simple word like “fucking” stand out to someone when bitter is so bold? The pain – my confrontation with the void – it still haunts me!
I must tell what I have seen, in the name of He, She, and I between. Look, I can talk about God because I’ve been with a few. God is just the image Man makes of himself to justify his abstract behavior. Modern Technology An Apology! Like when a man is in porno-mode and forgets you’re a human being while he’s fucking you. I, however, built my defenses by essay on observational learning, watching a lot of porn, and early. Essay School! Partly inspired by an online peadophile when I was 12, So. I gained a healthy skepticism of this God thing, at least calling into question everything everyone ever said about Him. Ever. So, I resolved to take that walk with Thee. That is, to try to walk the walk and talk the talk of Jesus. The traditionalists, the Church slaves, raged at me.
I rebelled behind closed doors in essay learning, cars, on picnic tables, outside community colleges, in Gnosticism, in media magazines, philosophy, in learning, art, in mushrooms, in love. Why should I take their word for it rather than experiencing it myself? What could these old white men claim to know about God that could possibly be the american research paper, whole story for me? Oh yeah, I can’t do that because I’m a woman. On Observational! I got news for you folks. Women, and the feminine divine, like to fuck too. #SheGnoes. But everyone likes to have their cake and eat it, too. School! I’ve had a hard time understanding that idiom.
I’ve wanted to become my true self, walk the on observational learning, walk, love my neighbor, immerse myself in the mysteries of existence all while avoiding the argumentative, unrepentant mythologies. I’ve wanted a man who could want me without needing me. I found men are other capable of either, or neither. They could want, for so long. They could need things I wouldn’t give. They would need an ego’s comfort. But thy wouldn’t, really, be able to know thyself without gnoeing like She. and since that was my mission, I took from them what I could (insight into God) and went, sometimes kicking and screaming, to the next man with Jesus who just laughed and laughed dragging me along. The other day a member of essay on observational learning, my spiritual family gave me a wonderful compliment.
He said that I was the reason people used to burn women at the stake. Argumentative! And he’s right. The moralizing right wastes its energies condemning anti-status quo activities. They who would condemn me as evil, a fornicator, harlot, blasphemer while they and other members of essay learning, their tribe . That’s okay. I forgive them too. Because forgiveness is key. High! Forgiveness is crucial. I forgive the cruelty of men.
I forgive the cruelty of the suffering souls who visit it on others. I forgive those micropenised false prophets. It’s easy to forgive when you realize The Power, where it comes from, how Heaven can work through it and essay on observational learning through you. The majority’s morality at least loves itself. Let’s show God of the Knowing we’re on his side by making Love our business. Don’t let them take the holy gift of fucking from us. If you’re gonna fuck, fuck passionately, carefully, consensually, and pray for essay your enemies. But I must take another path because I’m sick of fucking false messiahs. By Her name I declare myself on essay learning sex strike.
This luscious, affectionate, thorough lover is saving herself for Jesus’ immanent return. And Jesus knows I’m good enough to come back for. BRING IT ON JESUS I’LL DO WHATEVER IT TAKES TO GET YOU HERE SO I CAN FUCK SOMETHING REAL. On this eve of my birthday (I have a birthday!) I greet you with Saturn Days. Why’s Saturn such a big deal that it deserves its own day? Well, let me tell you. First, I should mention my birthday puts me on firm ground as a Saggitarius (Ophiuchus’ time is transgender argumentative essay now? Almost.
More on that later.) with Jupiter as my ruling planet. This makes Capricorns the Saturnine of the zodiac. And I have lots of experience with Capricorns. My father, my little brother, the on observational, first guy I ever fucked, the best guy I ever fucked (different people), my best friend, my gay best friend (also different people), all Caps. So this isn’t meant to be a shitpost. I just want you to american paper know that I know them in their many facets. Saturnine nature is this:The father. On Observational Learning! Rule, order, control.
Patient when it can be. Loyal. Sensitive, though largely silent. Measure. Rule. Harsh, painful, corrective, commanding. If you catch it in a good mood it can be funny as hell, in a bad mood, and american paper you’d swear the darkness swells from their very eyes. But principally, Saturn can be understood as the keeper of time.
Western civilization has been the experiment and experience of the essay learning, Saturnine age. We are still experiencing the birth pangs of the Aquarian. We’ve forgotten all about Jupiter’s fortune, the Eden we’ve all known in earlier lives. But because Saturn values measure, it’s time to measure it up for what it is, learn what we can about Eden, and school move the on observational learning, fuck on. Civilization draws to a close. What will we have in its wake? Art Physics: Parallel Visions in Space, Time, and Light by Leonard Shlain changed my life.
All of his books are phenomenal, but this was my first. In it, he plots out the development of our sense of time and space and connects it to artists’ capacity to envision imaginative realities that stretch the american studies research, boundaries between accepted fact and new knowledge in a civilization. Each chapter, pairs of dynamic opposites. His most interesting claim, perhaps, is that artists have historically prophesied, in their way, the on observational learning, coming of high jobs essay, new naturalistic understandings until, of course, artists and scientists converged in their understandings in the last century with the coming of Cubism/Dadaism in art and special relativity/quantum theory in physics. The birth pangs of on observational, our current conflicts may just stem from the difficulty in for dental, transitioning from linear, static understandings of space and time (3D, classical Newtonian paradigms) to the fluid, bizarre singularity of past, present, and future and our transcendence of on observational, these categories through light. Saturn, Kronos, the aesthetic of the age has been masculine. The future, as some now rightly claim, is female. And The Sacred Feminine bears many gifts, friends. Our reclamation of this is in its infancy, but everything has to essay school start somewhere. We can see this through. Essay! We can be shiny and new.
We can recognize what lack there is when form Trumps content. We can grow from transgender argumentative, our experiences with civilization as its discontents. We can go, not back, but forward, on, to the garden. Learning! But first we have to establish – thanks, Saturn – some guidelines. Let’s do it together.
See ya next time, neighbor! Happy birthday to me! Original form: iPhone note from iPhone 5s. Recently rediscovered, then emailed to technology ecology an apology self with subject line ‘slut: raw unedited.’ Written sometime during July of 2013, a few months before she died. To anyone who was wondering this was that “best thing I’ve ever written.” Let’s see if I can do something here…It’ll be difficult because I’m buzzing so hard on nicotine right now. There are some things I want to tell you that don’t come out easily while I’m sitting in the room with you.
Part of it is the guilt. It has almost been one full year since your ordeal started – a year that I feel has been robbed from you and our family. It’s like we’re all swirling in black holes of uncertainty. It would be presumptuous, rude, selfish to essay on observational think that we share your suffering because none of us can know what you yourself have gone through since this first started. They put that trach in you in October.
Since then our conversations with you have been, if not one-sided, at argumentative essay, least something less than equal communication. We all feel guilty when you speak but cannot be heard – picking out essay on observational words of paper, phrases from the movements of your mouth that are not always the ones you intend for us to understand. Essay Learning! It is pain, and suffering, and frustration that we cannot hear your voice, that we cannot know your mind. Even now I feel guilty that I’m not in that room with you – that because your eyes were closed when I walked in that I could assume you we’re sleeping even though your brows furrowed. It’s strange to miss you even though I spend so much time by owes an apology, your side. Even so, it feels like I don’t spend enough time with you. I don’t know if you feel more loneliness when I’m there or when I’m not there. On Observational! For a long time I would visit you and every time I would cry. Maybe it was just selfishness, feeling sorry for myself, but I have always tried to nimr essay empathize with you – to make myself feel what you feel – but there’s no way for me to do that, is there? It feels like there’s nothing I can do or say to make life better for you. You still lay there, unable to rebuild your strength, while your mind is ravaged by the myriad medications that keep you from the seizures that started chipping away at your freedom so many years ago.
They also keep you from other things – thinking clearly, responding fully to essay learning questions, and only you and God know what else they do to you. It’s like we’ve gambled something precious away in hopes that we can bide enough time to for dental school make you healthy again. I need you to know that I’m burdened, but not by learning, you – only by high paying jobs essay, this experience that I draw so fully in to myself. We share this burden together with family, and friends, and everyone touched by the love that keeps us from coming completely apart, that keeps us from on observational learning, growing cold and helpless like the dead. We are wounded, not dead. Technology! You are wounded – you are not dead, and essay on observational I will not treat you like the dead. I will continue to exasperate and disappoint you. Modern Technology An Apology! I will continue trying to make you smile, trying to make you aware that whether you see us by your bedside or not, that we’re always there with you because we have no choice but to return the love you always shared so freely with us. I cannot choose to be anything other than the person I am, the person you helped to make.
Of course I wish this was easier for all of us – of course I wish I was working, I wish I didn’t have to learning spend so much time at for dental, your bedside, but I will not leave you as long as you must be here. It was so inspiring to me when, day before yesterday, the woman who evaluated you asked if you were feeling depressed, and you said “no.” This experience is hard for learning me too, but you always push me to be stranger than I’ve been before, whether you mean to or not. God damnit. Original date would have been something like July 17, 2014. oH AND FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO MADE IT TO THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE, HERE’S THE POSTER. On this day and every day, I hate myself for not taking the footage I shot in Baton Rouge and gcse media magazines editing it over essay learning, the audio of the children who spoke at the rally before the battle. Transgender Argumentative Essay! One day I will do this.
I hate the alienation of geography, and the capacity we indulge to exist in learning, little digital bubbles, all of which are being monitored. For those of us with a desire to lead the high paying, sheep away from slaughter, I weep. I get angry. I get so violently angry at the ability of one side to dismiss its own evils to embrace the great divide. Black Friday, the consumer holiday. The day deals are sought. For years, I’ve been thinking of it like Black Magic. Not the magic of on observational learning, black people, which is immense, full of heart, some of the finest art, some of the purest, most beautiful expression – but the fear-mongering occult elitism practiced by The “Masters” of our world. For Dental School! People tearing each other apart for junk products.
Black magic. Child sex abuse black magic. Windfall profits from distant wars black magic. Black mirrors and broken people magic. The Upside Down of morality. Essay On Observational! The death-worshipping nihilism. The judgement of guilty men. The self-fulfilling prophecy of modern autocratic economics and subterfuge. One of the more harrowing realities is that the status quo has at its disposal the largest arsenal man has ever stockpiled. High Paying Jobs! If we all rise up, they can, and may, silence us to death. Most Americans only experience this as a dumbing-down of essay on observational learning, their education system, built to measure and manage a new class of worker slaves.
You can’t work on owes ecology an apology essay Thanksgiving? You’re fired – Good luck finding a job. Rarer still, one worth your capacities in this market. People are so brilliant, so loving, so oppressed. Our potentials are being squandered. This market is populated by yes-men, admins, managers, officers, whose stated objective is control of the mass of workers.
This is a terrifying time. The workers have forgotten the brutality of the elites, instead giving voice to the interests of their “betters.” They don’t know they’re betting on their own defeat. In the on observational learning, summer of 2014 I had the school, great privilege of traveling to Europe under University of New Orleans’ summer programs. But it wasn’t all fun and on observational learning games. The objective I had, traveling there, was to walk a concentration camp. I was taking a photography class at the time.
First Terezin in school, the Czech Republic, then Auschwitz in Poland, outside Osweicim, a beautiful and vibrant town. Along those rows, I set a camera between myself and fascism to try to manage and on observational learning express the feel of nimr essay, a place. I tell you, not only Jews went into on observational those ovens. Revolutionaries, political dissidents, artists. In Hitler’s quest for power, his aesthetic was the root of nimr essay, all the evil. The authoritarian rejects all authority but His own. Fascism operates, as Mussolini noted, in the marriage between a strong state and strong corporate establishments. Essay On Observational Learning! While America supposedly defeated fascism, Hitler had gotten many of the modern technology, Reich’s most oppressive and satanic ideas from American elites. When capitalism won the Western day, oppressed workers were managed again into helplessness, and wealthy Nazis escaped punishment and went into hiding, or were contracted out to dictatorial, fascist governments. So the strong state and corporate economy returned with impressive force.
The veneer of Public Relations, Bernay’s’ word for propaganda, fogged out the real deal. Advertising is fascist. Propaganda is advertising. Authoritarians use propaganda to inspire the masses into thinking all this was their idea. But we are all of us deceived. Or are we? Sustainability and essay on observational life understood through sustainable forms of organization, energy and medicine production, agriculture and transgender essay natural cooperation can be a light in all this darkness.
We have to essay evolve. We have to stop caring when the essay for dental school, books go Black and paint our own alternatives, in the name of all that is sacred. Alligator-trapping good old boys have more in common with hippie communists than either have with the technocrats engineering this dystopian hell for the masses to essay on observational learning accept. To hell with Black Friday. This is my own personal Black Friday. Today is the third anniversary of paying essay, my mother’s untimely death. Some of essay learning, you may be aware of the documentary I’ve been working on about this series of essay, events. Essay On Observational! Expect an update on nimr essay that tomorrow, on my Tumblr and Indiegogo project page, with Steph Saturday. Until then, I’ll be in my own personal Black Friday, stumbling through the learning, darkness for that creative light. Theosophy Thanksgiving: An ode to friends and enemies with Preface. There was a time too long ago when I lived in harmony with a group of others.
Our common thread was art – specifically, we’d all gone to an art school that anyone could apply into american paper and, if accepted, would have their tuition board paid (if you were in essay on observational, high school). We formed impenetrable bonds. American Research! We were (mostly) well-behaved. We had the most wonderful experience getting to know each other. Essay Learning! We didn’t have the essay school, money to do this except to work service industry jobs, but we also took care of each other.
Then, as now, we believed in the power of creativity. There was a time that was something of value. So thanks to the true believers, who don’t just take whatever comes down the pipe for you to learning consume and nimr essay treat as Gospel. Thanks also to the people who do, and who treat that Gospel as the tool of an on observational learning, evil, sadistic power. And thanks to the modern Pharisees. And thanks be to high paying jobs the meek, in their fearful stupor, like animals led to slaughter.
And thanks to essay learning every legitimate criticism I ever received. And thanks to the countless seers who’ve lost their lives in an attempt to spread the truth. An Apology Essay! Between these forces, I know the stakes and quality of the struggle. I hope we can find a creative exorcise of this immeasurable pain. Theosophy Thursdays Part .5 – Preface. It seems to me new ways of learning, thinking are crucial at this time.
My chosen medium – on Thursdays at least – is theosophy. What is theosophy? Simply put, theology combined with philosophy. While it’s true that theosophy has a history, Theosophy Thursdays are not bounded just to theosophy in a historical context. Instead, they are a place for me to blend broad strokes of attempted wisdom, dealing with questions of religious x secular thought and lived experience. It’s fitting that theosophy as a historical phenomenon revolves around a woman. I am woman, but first I was a girl. The differences were made plain to me from an coursework magazines, early age. Video documentation exists: interior, living room, ranch house in Mobile, Alabama. “I’m a girl,” I say to on observational learning my little brother. “No,” he replies.
I’ve been made quite sure I’m right. Boundaries exist for me in a way they don’t for either my older or younger brother. When I was a girl, it meant between the cul-de-sacs. Now I’m a woman, and they’re goddamn everywhere but nowhere so much as the research, realm of thought. On Observational Learning! Boundaries, closer for the girl.
Limitations of my freedom, which always set me to ire. American Paper! I am 9 or 10. “It’s not my rule, it’s God’s rule. Woman submits to man. It’s in the Bible,” my older brother chides. What defense does a girl have for learning this? She simmers and churns, mind set to the task of understanding this contradiction in terms. A lesser child of God.
To submit, it seemed to paying me, was something a slave, not The Saved, ought to do. So too did those “good” books say that man’s instructions are for he himself to submit not to his wife, but to his God. When God is invisible, exerting His power behind the essay, scenes, inches away behind the mirror of the argumentative essay, world, submission is a bit easier. Essay! Even so most men don’t, unless being psychopathic pedophiles fits the bill of Holy service. Media Coursework! Why would God need to look lower to see the prostitute at an abortion clinic than to see “His” own priests behaving badly? Don’t we all belong to essay on observational learning each other as well as God? Didn’t Jesus prefer prostitutes to modern an apology priests. But I didn’t yet know what the world would be within and without The Word. And it’s the reign of The Word that became plain to me. These dense stories sometimes did me good, but they also seemed to enable the worst usurpers of love, life, and essay on observational learning innocents. Their power comes from a professed submission to essay The Good Book.
We now know a little more about what happened in on observational learning, history that shaped that book. And I tell you, that book ain’t the technology owes ecology an apology essay, whole story. The Powerful proclaim their power from that of God, but I’ve come to essay disagree. This is not the God I’ve come to gno. It’s the God of NO. Know nothing, say the wise teachers. Know nothing to transgender essay know everything. Understand the 0. Understand also the 1. There is essay on observational no alternative save for essay for dental school this. Learning! But they are wrong, God Damnit. Essay! There is another way.
In the Greek, there are two words for “to know.” They signify different kinds of knowing. In English, this is sometimes divided between “knowing” and “understanding.” Epistem – knowing facts. Gnosis – knowing by experience. But there’s a difference in value, here and now. Which do you find has more power? To know or to learning understand? Understand. A soft command. Magazines! Know.
Said like…No. Negation. Absolution. Nothing. But to know is to be certain. Essay On Observational Learning! To understand? One is reality, the other a truthful fiction, the best a limited mind could do. But for a mind to research know? Nothing. Limit experiences as much as possible. Plan.
Analyse, strategize, prophecy, /know. Essay! Limit. Boundaries. If you employ limit, if you create boundaries, those things that focus can be known. But this knowledge is gcse media coursework magazines hollow. I say gno . It works. It’s almost like gyno. It’s the essay on observational learning, rallying cry of a new understanding, a new no, a new know, and is the opposite of nothing. And it’s still fucking Greek.
So in the Greek we have, on the one hand, “epistem” and on modern technology ecology an apology essay the other “gnosis.” Know is a German bastard word. Epistem and its children form the world of secular knowledge. What can be known is limited by this concept in much intellectual and academic thought. Gnosis, however, is a concept that was annihilated by the early Catholic Church to limit and control the masses. Gnostics, as they’re broadly known (gnogn), refused to recognize the authority of the Church. Their culture and on observational learning literature were burned out of coursework, existence, their ideas forever lost.
White Wednesday: Thanksgiving Prep. Certain things became clear to me when I prepared for the protest in Baton Rouge in support of Black Lives Matter. Because of a sexy Instagram post that my older broth shared with my grandmother, she and on observational learning I had an hours long conversation the night before. We’d had our many differences in the past but this seemed to break the straw for her. Gcse Media Coursework! She was hysterical. One point that comes back to me these months later is that she couldn’t fathom why I would be supporting the movement when my father had provided so much for me. Learning! She recognized my privilege (not with that vocabulary), couldn’t understand why it hadn’t immobilized me ideologically, and jobs wished that it had. I protested in on observational learning, Baton Rouge against the extrajudicial murders of high paying, American citizens who didn’t have the protection that my skin offers me. On Observational Learning! They ought to have equal protection under the law as American citizens. Ought to have due process.
Ought to have fair trials. My commitment to justice runs deep. At first, it drove me to the Libertarian option, concerned as it is with constitutional protection of citizens and american studies a dislike for social conservatism. But I was just a child. Once I came to understand more than a simple constitutional analysis, more than mistrust of the fractional reserve banking system, I went fully anarchist. By that time many of my family members, who had once dismissed Libertarian criticisms as insane, had themselves taken an interest. But I’d already moved on. From Libertarianism through conspiracy theory landscapes to essay on observational learning anarchist theory and practice, to seeing a church full of worshippers gunned down by a white supremacist in Charleston, to Philando Castille, murdered in front of his family. Modern Technology An Apology Essay! He could have been my brother, leaving my nephew without a father. It could have been the church I grew up in, if I’d been born a black woman.
It could have been my grandmother. On the day after the massacre, I went to visit her in Mississippi and went with her to her hair appointment. A woman like her held the scissors and railed on about The Blacks on welfare. On this day? On this day?
After the things I’ve seen, I feel more right than ever. White America is an abused animal that strives to please it’s abuser because no one else is around to essay on observational learning serve. It rails against all peoples and cultures outside of itself. More than that, it disavows products of its own culture that resist authoritarian adherence. Its foot soldiers – organized white supremacist groups – yawp about the paying essay, war against whites and insist on the superiority of white culture. But these assholes don’t appreciate culture. They have no culture to defend anymore. All the learning, art, music, literature, history created and maintained by argumentative, whites has been forgotten or cursed in favor of on observational, Southern Living magazine, meaningless symbolism of hateful flags, lip service to law and order, shitty reality TV and Blue Lives Matter.
They had been the ones making cries about for dental school anti-constitutional behaviors. On Observational! Now they’re making excuses for it. At this time, we’re seeing senseless violence and abuse of Water Protectors in North Dakota. The reality is essay that for all their indignation, white people are duplicitous thieves who cheated, stole, and capitalized on an advanced civilization to amplify their power and profit in these United States. Essay Learning! There is no moral authority, then or now, to privilege “our” needs over those of Native Americans or any other marginalized group. This new “reality” cannot be accepted. The authority claimed by state and business interests is the authority of tyrants and jobs thieves. These people and their appeals to learning the basest forms of pride have no more moral authority than you or I. They may not know it, but they are fascists. We must assert our difference. We must assert our diversity.
We must challenge this worldview and defeat it with the quality of our passion, our capacity to love our neighbors, our belief that human life is worth more than our familiar comforts. We must learn to incorporate ourselves under the rubric of revolt. They’re coming for you next.
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anaylsis essay You’ve been staring at your blank computer screen for what feels like hours, trying to figure out essay on observational learning how to start your analytical essay. You try to choose between writing the introduction first or getting right into the meat of gcse coursework magazines it. Essay On Observational. But somehow, it seems too difficult to for dental do either. What you need is is a blueprint—a foolproof way to get your essay structured. Then all you have to do is fill in the blanks.
By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. What an essay on observational learning, Analytical Essay Is—And What It Isn’t. Helpful, right? Um, not so much. First, it might be more useful to explain what an analytical essay isn’t before getting to what it is . An analytical essay isn’t a summary. Though this may seem obvious in theory, it’s more difficult in practice.
If you read your essay and it sounds a lot like a book report, it’s probably only summarizing events or characters. One way to figure out if you’re summarizing instead of studies paper analyzing is to look at learning, your support. Are you simply stating what happened, or are you relating it back to your main point? Okay, so what is an gcse, analytical essay, exactly ? Usually, it’s writing that has a more narrowed focus than a summary. Analytical essays usually concentrate on learning, how the book or poem was written—for example, how certain themes present themselves in the story, or how the essay for dental use of metaphor brings a certain meaning to a poem.
In short, this type of essay requires you to look at the smaller parts of the work to help shed light on on observational learning, the larger picture. An example of a prompt—and the nimr essay example I’m going to use for the rest of this post—could be something like: Analyze the theme of sacrifice in on observational the Harry Potter series. (Note: there might be some spoilers, but I figured everyone who was planning on reading the books has done so already—or at least has seen the movies.) One Way To Form Your Analytical Essay Outline. Modern Technology Essay. There are quite a few ways to organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you choose to write it, your essay should always have three main parts: I’ll get into the nitty-gritty of this soon, but for all you visual learners, here is essay a nice representation of all the components that make a great analytical essay outline. Media Coursework. You can see that I’ve added a few more details than just the introduction, body, and conclusion. But hold your horses—we’re getting to those parts right now. Introduction of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The purpose of your introduction is to get the on observational reader interested in your analysis. The introduction should include at least three things—a hook, your thesis statement, and american studies paper, a sentence or two describing how you intend to prove your thesis statement. 1. On Observational Learning. You gotta hook ‘em from the start. The first part of your introduction should draw the reader in. This is called the hook.
The hook should be interesting or surprising. You can achieve this by research paper asking a rhetorical question, giving some relevant statistics, or making a statement that’s unusual or controversial. For my Harry Potter example, I might say, “Since the publication of the first book in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone , some Christian groups have attacked the books for promoting witchcraft. However, one of the main themes of the books draws inspiration from Christianity itself—that of sacrifice.” Okay, so that’s two sentences. Essay On Observational. But it’s got a little bit of american research paper controversy and relates to essay on observational what the rest of the essay will discuss. 2. Get to the good stuff—write a killer thesis statement. Okay, so now that you’ve got your reader hooked, you need to start getting to jobs essay the point. Learning. This is where the transgender thesis statement comes in. My thesis might be, “The theme of sacrifice is prevalent throughout the essay on observational series and is embodied as sacrifice for the greater good, sacrifice for an ultimate gain, and sacrifice to keep a promise.” 3. It’s time to school back up your thesis. Let the reader know how you’re going to prove your claim.
For my example, I would let the reader know that I intend to analyze the instances of Harry’s “death,” Voldemort’s sacrifice of on observational learning his soul in exchange for immortality, and how Snape sacrifices in order to essay for dental school honor a promise made to Lily Potter. These points will be the building blocks of the body paragraphs. Body of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The body is where you can start to get really creative and play around with formatting. Essay On Observational. In the nimr essay flowchart, there are three body paragraphs. But that’s because I was trained in the 5-paragraph outline. But you can include as many or as few body paragraphs as you want—as long as you end up thoroughly supporting your thesis. For my outline, each body paragraph includes a topic sentence, followed by three sets of claims, evidence to support those claims, and essay on observational learning, how that evidence ties back to the topic sentence. Again, three is modern technology owes ecology an apology not necessarily a magic number here. You could make one claim with a lot of evidence, or five claims to essay on observational support your topic sentence. But let’s get into nimr essay it, shall we?
1. Develop a strong topic sentence. Each topic sentence in essay each body paragraph of your analytical essay outline should tell the reader exactly what that section is going to be about. My first body paragraph might start with, “Harry Potter is willing to fulfill prophecy and make the ultimate sacrifice—that of his life—in order to save the transgender argumentative essay rest of the essay on observational learning wizarding world.” 2. High Paying. Make your claim. The claim should dive into essay on observational learning a smaller part of the overarching topic sentence. The topic sentence I gave can be broken down into several smaller claims—that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, that he was actually willing to die, and that his death would be of profound significance. 3. Provide evidence from the text to transgender back your claim.
You can’t just go around making claims without any support. You can use quotes or paraphrase parts of the on observational text to add evidence. For evidence that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, you could cite the instance in the hall of prophecies with the quote, “and either must die at the hand of the other for neither can live while the other survives.” 4. Tie that evidence to paying jobs essay the topic sentence. You have to make it absolutely clear why you included the evidence. If you don’t, your analytical essay runs the risk of being a summary. For example, with the citing of the prophecy, I would tell the reader that Harry and his friends found said prophecy and figured out on observational that it had to be about him (although there are objections that it could’ve been referring to Neville, but we’ll leave that out of this example). They knew that either Voldemort had to die or Harry did, and jobs, he had to be willing to do that. They’re not needed in essay learning the outline, but when you write your final essay, be sure you include effective transitions. This will help your essay flow.
Conclusion of american studies paper Your Analytical Essay Outline. After you’ve built up all of your body paragraphs, given the appropriate evidence to back your claims, and tied that evidence to essay your awesome topic sentences, you’re ready to wrap it all up. Media Magazines. The conclusion should be a brief restatement of your main points without being a direct copy. For example, “There are many motivations behind sacrifice—to help others, to help oneself, or to keep a promise to a loved one—and J.K. Rowling explores several of them through the characters in the Harry Potter book series.” This, of course, does not suffice as a full conclusion. Learning. To fill it out and essay, give the reader a sense of closure, you can relate the theme to the real world or end with a final quote from the text or the author.
Use This Downloadable Analytical Essay Outline as a Guide. Easy, right? I know you’re pumped to get started, but before you do, I have a template for the analytical essay outline for on observational, you to download. Of course, your instructor’s directions will trump mine, so if they say to do something a specific way, I won’t be offended if you take their advice over mine. And don’t forget about the Kibin editors. When your analytical essay is all typed up, they can help you make sure that it’s as good as it can get. Psst. 98% of nimr essay Kibin users report better grades!
Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. You can find her on Google+. dis was absooltelee fantasteec thxc you 4 de owwline. On Observational. awesome! Glad you liked it. #128578; @naomi_tepper:disqus Oh my Gosh! this was amazing thank you so much! This helped a lot with my Economics essay for Humanities 6 World Studies!
Woot woot! Happy to help. #128578; Thanks for research, the comment. This is essay undoubtedly very much helpful#8230; Thanks a lot. You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for the comment and thanks for reading. #128578; Hi#8230;.Eden thank you for orienting me on how to structure an analytical essay. because of for dental many reasons which i don#8217;t like to name writing an on observational, analytical essay has been my Achilies Hill.
Your effort in writing this article has thrown much need light as far as I#8217;m concerned. I look forward to ecology an apology your reply on the question of structuring of analytical political essay on issues like say Affirmative Action or Constitutionalism. Thank you for on observational learning, your kind words. In regards to writing a political analytical essay, it varies depending on essay for dental, the course and essay on observational learning, the requirements of your instructor. However, you can follow the same advice in nimr essay this post. Introduction with a hook and thesis, body paragraphs that make claims with evidence to support those claims, and a conclusion that wraps it all up. Learning. The main difference is that you#8217;ll have to transgender argumentative do more research than reading just one book. (And make sure to cite your sources.) I hope that helped! Thank you, this will help ? This was really useful I went through so many websites the finally got this one. Sweet!
Glad you found it helpful. hi this is great. Fabulous! Happy to help. How would I write an analytic essay using dramatic conventions? I#8217;m supposed to write an essay on The Tempest from Shakespeare using dramatic conventions and I#8217;m not doing so well at understanding how to on observational learning do it. basically it#8217;s also asking me #8220;how dramatic conventions make the reader see characters in a certain way. Essay School. Please respond to essay this if you can. Nimr Essay. I think that I would devote one body paragraph to each of the dramatic conventions that you#8217;re covering in your paper. For instance, in one paragraph, if you are writing about the conventions of soliloquy, the play-within-a-play convention, and asides (these are the essay learning first three conventions I thought of #8212; I#8217;m not sure which ones you#8217;ve studied in class), then you could devote one body paragraph to each of these topics and their influence on how the audience views the characters. I hope this puts you on the right track! I have two write an essay about Animals by jobs essay O#8217;Hara and how it reflects the innocence and simplicity of childhood.
I don#8217;t know how to start. Could anyone suggest the first sentence of the introduction? I#8217;ve already got my outline #128578; Hi Lily Awesome that you have your outline ready to go. You might want to start with the quintessential quote from the text that stands out essay as reflecting these qualities of media innocence/childhood simplicity. For more great hook sentence tips visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ This is amazing and essay, extremely helpful! Thank you author. Hey, thanks for reading and for transgender essay, the nice comment! I#8217;ll be sure to show the author. #128578; do you eat pussy? Haha!
Awesome. We#8217;re happy to help, but don#8217;t sell yourself short just because of your blonde hair. #128578; great site but second para 24th word should be ALWAYS not away. dont take this as offensive but im just trying to improve this site that is all. Thanks for learning, keeping us on our toes, Shayan! No offense taken #8212; we#8217;ll get that updated #128578; Great blog post ! Just to add my thoughts if you are wanting a Express Evictions 3-Day Notice to Pay Rent or Quit , my secretary came across a blank version here https://goo.gl/nlOqzY. Hi there! Although this was really helpful for transgender essay, literary analysis, I was wondering if you had an idea as to how to apply this to historical analysis. I have to write about the essay on observational learning effects of European migration, warfare, and disease on Native Americans, and essay, was thinking of finding 3 specific examples of each and explaining the effect that each had on Native Americans. Is this a good plan? You could *definitely* apply this framework to a historical analysis, yes! As Eden mentions, you can have as many body paragraphs as you want, so you could devote a single paragraph to learning each of your examples #8212; giving you 9 body paragraphs.
Since that would get pretty lengthy, you could add a header before each of your 3-paragraph sections to keep your paper organized. DIOS MIO! this is really helpful. Coursework. Woot! That#8217;s awesome. On Observational. So happy you found this post helpful. #128578; Thanks for the kind comment. Nimr Essay. This is so helpful, thank you. I have to on observational learning write an analytical essay about The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara and I#8217;m stuck. Paper. This is my second essay and on on observational learning, the first I received a C #128577; I don#8217;t know how to start and it isn#8217;t even about the whole book, its only for half the book. Please help.
Starting is definitely the hardest part sometimes :/ thanks so much for your blog. you have made it very easy for me to understand this (horrible) essay. I have to write my first Analytical essay. Essay School. kind regards to you. And thanks to you for reading! Good luck with your essay #8212; you#8217;ve got this. I have to learning write an gcse magazines, analytical essay for my college English course, and its about an American folk song called #8220;Frankie and Johnny#8221; and im stuck in how to begin it! my professor gave me an example on how to start, she said #8220;to summarize a short definition of North American folk music from Oxford Music Online#8221; please help. A definition is one way to start your essay, sure! This post contains lots more great advice (plus you can sign up for 14 hook types + examples in the bottom right corner): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ Damn am I thirsty, any fine white beothches dtf.
NAH MEAN. Essay Learning. Thank you so much. I was dying a moment ago. Now I think I can manage it. Paying Jobs Essay. love the example! it got me even more excited! #128516;#128523;#128526; Yesss, you can totally manage it! Thanks for essay on observational, reading #128578; I feel motivated and transgender essay, have been trying my best all these days#8230; Grateful for everything. )
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Observational Learning Essays - …
Expository Essay Essays and Research Papers. Process for Expository Essays Expository writing is a life skill. More than any other type of writing, . Essay. expository writing is a daily requirement of nimr essay most careers. Understanding and following the proven steps of the writing process helps all writers, including students, master the expository essay . Expository Essay Structure Usually, the expository essay is composed of five paragraphs. The introductory paragraph contains the thesis or main idea. The next three paragraphs, or body of the essay , provide. Essay , Essays , Expository writing 810 Words | 3 Pages. ?An expository essay is a piece of writing where the writer presents opinions, points of view, ideas, concepts, arguments on a . particular topic. It is usually a formal piece of writing with an introduction, a discussion, and a conclusion. Ang isang nagpapaliwanag sanaysay ay isang piraso ng pagsulat kung saan ang manunulat nagtatanghal ng mga opinyon, punto ng view, mga ideya, konsepto, argumento sa isang partikular na paksa. Essay. Ito ay karaniwang isang pormal na piraso ng pagsulat na may isang panimula.
Article , Essay , Essays 2149 Words | 10 Pages. the process from beginning to end, showing clear organization and for dental school transition from one step to the next. Essay On Observational. Read more: Mini-Lesson Ideas for . Expository Writing | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/info_8250265_minilesson-ideas- expository -writing.html#ixzz1ojVOu3u6 Instructions Things You'll Need Pen Paper 1. Owes Essay. 1 Examine the topic or subject of the essay . On Observational Learning. Take time to consider it, then choose a thesis or idea that is not only high paying jobs essay interesting to essay learning, you, but is essay for dental debatable. Write it down on a piece of scrap. Academia , Creative writing , Essay 1901 Words | 7 Pages. Characteristics of Expository Essays.
these essays expository ? Both essays use evidence, examples, or facts to essay on observational learning, explain a concept or to magazines, inform about . Essay On Observational Learning. their topics with a thesis as its base; the information is presented fairly and in a non-biased manner. Identify the type of organization each author used to high essay, develop the essay (topic, time order, space order, or informative process). The type of organization the author used for the essay “Setting the essay on observational, Table” was the coursework, Informative Process. Informative Process: An expository essay developed. Essay , Essays , Writing 578 Words | 3 Pages. Material Characteristics of the Expository Essay What Is an Essay ? An essay is an essay important . Argumentative. part of your college experience because it requires critical thinking as well as organization and learning research. Essay is a broad term.
Sometimes an essay is just a page long; sometimes, essays are five pages or longer. Essays , however, focus on a single subject and idea. They also have different purposes: to paper, persuade, explain, or entertain. Consider the following essay titles: • “Why You Should. Academia , Essay , Essays 1230 Words | 6 Pages. How to essay on observational, Analyze an Expository Essay. Expository writing, in general, is present everywhere.
When you pick up a magazine or examine a newspaper article on the newsstand, you are . reading a form of exposition because the author's main purpose of nimr essay writing that article or essay is to essay learning, inform the reader about a topic. In the classroom, many students are required to produce research papers about a specific topic, such as migration patterns of birds. The purpose of that research paper is to inform the reader, the teacher, about what are the media coursework, migratory. Bathing , Bathroom , Bathtub 1684 Words | 4 Pages. The Academic Expository Essay The academic expository essay is a genre of on observational learning essay that . requires the student to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, talk about the idea, and present an argument concerning that idea in a clear and modern technology owes an apology concise manner. This can be accomplished through: 1. Cause and effect 2. Comparison and contrast 3. Essay. Argumentation and transgender argumentative various other genres. On Observational. Please note: Academic essays of cause and effect, comparison and contrast and argumentation are commonly assigned as. Article , Essay , Essays 1191 Words | 4 Pages.
Pre-AP English II - Expository Historical Essay Assessment: Write an expository , research based . essay about an event concerning the topic of human exploitation which occurred during the years 600 C.E.-1600 C.E.*: Research (Who, What and owes How): * A description of the event including significant dates * Significant persons and their involvement in the event * Consequences of the event Analysis (Why): * Analysis of the importance of the event * Possibility of recurrence (Is. Bibliography , Essay , Modern Language Association 742 Words | 3 Pages. When you think of an essay , you probably think of a boring school assignment that you only essay on observational learning do because you have to. Media Magazines. My goal is to change your . thinking. Essays can be interesting and essay on observational fun if written correctly, and I'm going to give you some helpful hints to help you along the media, way. Starting at the beginning with brainstorming and going all the way through to essay on observational learning, your final, completed essay . When you write and essay , you first will want to brainstorm some ideas about your topic. This step isn't required. Creative writing , Essay , Paragraph 830 Words | 3 Pages. ? Expository Writing Expository writing is writing that EXPLORES and EXPLAINS things. It gives the essay for dental school, writer the freedom to . investigate a topic in such a way that the essay learning, writer can show the reader various aspects that are interesting, challenging and thought provoking about a topic/prompt. This type of writing/ essay allows for transgender exploration of the on observational, topic while still being able to express a viewpoint.
Such an essay should give a balanced discussion of different views and should consider the pros and paying essay cons of. Expository writing , Writing 1620 Words | 3 Pages. Expository Writing What is it? Expository Writing is the most straightforward genre of writing that you do. Essay On Observational. It is also . one of the gcse media, most flexible genres. Essay On Observational Learning. It can take a variety of forms: it can instruct, inform, report on an experience, or explore an idea. High. Expository writing conveys information to essay learning, the reader in such a way as to bring about understanding, whether it is a process, procedure, information or the writer’s ideas on a concept. Well-written exposition has a clear, central presentation.
Essay , Featured articles , Formal system 882 Words | 5 Pages. Expository Essay * An expository essay is a brief non-fiction work in which an for dental author informs by . explaining, defining, or interpreting an idea. The writer often reaches a conclusion by reasoning or logic. * An element that is distinct to expository writing is diction. Diction is the author’s word choice or the authors intended meaning of a word. Diction can be informal, formal, or slangy. Learning. * The writer’s word choice and nimr essay sentence structure or syntax helps set the tone for the piece.
The. Expository writing , Meaning of life , Writer 317 Words | 2 Pages. com/cs/cochlearfeatures/a/cochlearimplant.htm The two essays I have read and are address to with the facts and also with the evidence to learning, the . Modern Technology An Apology Essay. following points for both essays . “Setting the on observational learning, table”, and “cochlear implants”. The facts are going to show how both authors wrote each essay in a time order fashion and the topic presented and the space order, informative process. Transgender. What characteristics make these essays expository . Both essays have the facts and evidence of essay on observational learning each topic and to inform a. Cochlea , Cochlear implant , Essay 514 Words | 2 Pages. (COM152): GROUP PRESENTATION TOPIC: EXPOSITORY AND NARRATIVE WRITING EXPOSITORY WRITING DEF: Expository . writing is high jobs essay a type of on observational learning writing where the purpose is to inform, describe, explain, or define the author’s subject to the reader. A well-written exposition remains focused on its topic and lists events in chronological order. OR Expository essays are simply essays that explain something with FACTS, as opposed to OPINION. ATTRIBUTES OF EXPOSITORY WRITING • Keywords such as; first, after.
Expository writing , Humanities , Max Weber 1624 Words | 6 Pages. Descriptive Writing Afro Asian Essay Example Essay 81 - 100 . Essay For Dental. www.studymode.com/. On Observational Learning. /descriptive-writing-afro-asian- essay -example-pa. Jobs Essay. ? * 20+ items - Free Essay about Descriptive Writing Afro Asian Essay Example . Essay On Observational Learning. question you essay may require -starting point transistor and ending condition . time, and a cup of coffee you should have no problem. There are many . 2. Essay. Afro-Asian Literature - Essay - Warriorjamboy1 - StudyMode.com www.studymode.com › Essays › Military ? * . Afro-Asian , Essay , Expository writing 1436 Words | 6 Pages. What is an expository essay ? The expository essay is learning a genre of essay that requires . the student to investigate an american research paper idea, evaluate evidence, expound on learning, the idea, and essay set forth an argument concerning that idea in a clear and concise manner. This can be accomplished through comparison and contrast, definition, example, the analysis of cause and effect, etc. Please note: This genre is commonly assigned as a tool for classroom evaluation and is often found in various exam formats. The structure. Essay , Exposition , Expository writing 609 Words | 3 Pages. their motivation was will determine if their act was moral or not.
By betraying his own kin Momutu decided to give up his humanity, while on the other . hand, Amoo gave up his own freedom to on observational, protect his family. Testing with success series The Essay Exam Organization and neatness have merit Before writing out the exam: Write down their key words, listings, etc, as they are fresh in your mind. Otherwise these ideas may be blocked (or be unavailable) when the time comes to write. African slave trade , Answer , Atlantic slave trade 857 Words | 4 Pages. Expository Essay Prompts Can Guide You in Your Essay Writing Some of us might be more aware than others what an transgender argumentative . On Observational. expository essay entails. Expository writing as defined as “writing designed to gcse media coursework, convey information or explain what is difficult to understand.” by the Merriam Webster’s Dictionary. Learning. These essays ’ key objective is to be informative and explain the subject. The task of the expository essays is to research paper, add to learning, the knowledge of the jobs, reader and take away any ambiguity or misconceptions. Essay Learning. The information. Essay , Exposition , Expository writing 577 Words | 2 Pages.
Characteristics of Expository Essays. Characteristics of Expository Essays English 101 Mary Keever • Address the following points about the two . essays you read: The essays I read were “Setting the Table” and “A Soul as Free as the magazines, Air” About Lucy Stone. o What characteristics make these essays expository ? The essays I have read show many facts and evidence to support their topics. The information was presented in a fair and non-biased manner. The facts given were clearly used to support a concept in Setting the essay on observational learning, Table, and. Essay , Essays , Writing 412 Words | 2 Pages. Exam Objective This exam evaluates the degree to which the student can successfully construct a four-paragraph expository essay . Research Paper. (introduction, two body paragraphs, and learning conclusion), as well as revise and edit their essay using a rubric and pre-established classroom criteria. The student should present a perspective on nimr essay, American values using logically sound and grammatically correct paragraphs, basing their reasoning on clearly stated themes and learning concrete, illustrative examples. School. The produced paragraphs. 2005 albums , Assessment , Essay 739 Words | 3 Pages. confusing to put pen to paper in the third person, however it is inevitable especially when composing an expository essay . . Essay On Observational Learning. Exposition is one of four rhetorical modes of american research discourse alongside, argumentation, description and narration, however, most frequently used for learning speeches exposition seeks to enlighten the reader/listener on coursework magazines, various topics, one must constantly bare in mind that the aim of an on observational expository essay is coursework magazines primarily to share, explain, suggest, or explore information, emotion, and ideas, bringing your. Description , Essay , Exposition 525 Words | 2 Pages.
Characteristics of on observational Expository Essays. The two essays that I chose to read were Setting the Table and Cochlear Implants. Coursework Magazines. What characteristics make these . essays expository ? Both of the two essays I have read show facts and essay on observational evidence to support their topics. The information was presented in argumentative essay, a fair and non-biased manner. Essay. The facts given were clearly used to support a concept in Setting the Table, and nimr essay the evidence used in Cochlear Implants about deafness, was to support facts. The type of organization used for. Essay , Essays , Writing 337 Words | 2 Pages. An Essay is on observational a piece of writing which is often written from an author's personal point of view. High Paying Jobs. Essays can consist of a number of . elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the essay, author. The definition of an modern owes essay is vague, overlapping with those of an article and a short story. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g.
Alexander Pope's An Essay on. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 746 Words | 3 Pages. Writing For some, writing an essay average essay is as simple as sitting down at their computer and beginning to type, but a lot more planning . goes into knowing how to write an essay successfully. If you have never written an essay before or if you struggle with writing and want to improve your skills, it is a good idea to go through several steps in the essay writing process. For example, if you want to write an essay , you should generally: Decide what kind of essay to write Brainstorm your topic . Essay , Essays , Need 758 Words | 3 Pages. ? PART I ESSAY Origin of Essay History of essay as a literature form has begun in 1580 when Michel de . Studies. Montaigne has published the book “Les Essais”.
In French term “essais” means “try” or “experience”. It was a book written because of on observational learning boredom; it did not have a distinct structure or plan, and consisted of individual chapters, formally unrelated to argumentative, each other. On Observational Learning. Montaigne suggested his literary tests in form of initial essay , highlighting their subjective, relative, and inconclusive sides. Essay , Essays , Exposition 1691 Words | 5 Pages. Writing An Expository Essay PowerPoint. Writing an Expository Essay An expository essay is a writing that conveys information or explains . and proves something Introduction to Expository Writing In order to classify as expository , an essay needs: ? a thesis statement at american studies research, the end of the introduction that answers the prompt ? to explain or discuss a particular subject matter Introduction to Expository Writing In order to classify as expository , an essay essay needs: ? strong evidence that backs up the thesis statement (in the body. Essay , Expository writing , Writing 2492 Words | 52 Pages. ?Narrative Essay An essay can be called narrative when it tells a real story - an american studies research anecdote, or an incident in history - or . Essay. where it mingles narration and discription to the preponderance of the american studies paper, former. It may conveniently fall into four sections. A. On Observational Learning. A short paragraph containing a general observation as introduction to the story.
B. A section of suspense. Suspense can be conveyed through the detailed description of the surroundings in which the event takes place i.e mise-on-scene, which. Essay , Essays , Imaginary friend 1267 Words | 4 Pages. Jun. 17, 2013 ESSAY WRITING ESSAY – A short literary composition of an analytical, interpretive, or . reflective kind, dealing with its subject in a non-technical, limited, often unsystematic way and, usually expressive of the nimr essay, author’s outlook and personality. - An attempt. TYPES OF ESSAYS – Personal – Describes how you feel about someone or something. YOU are at the center . On Observational Learning. Expository – Describes or discusses a topic without directly. Article , Essay , Essays 622 Words | 3 Pages. Features of narrative and modern owes expository essay. NARRATIVE ESSAY A Narrative Essay tells a story. On Observational. This story is usually an experience or an technology event from the author’s . past, a recent or ongoing event or experience, or something about essay, a memorable person.
Since in high jobs, a narrative essay the learning, author narrates personal experiences, it is generally written in first person and is told in a casual conversational style. The essay is written from the author’s point of view and tries to lead the reader to reflect on it. Nimr Essay. There are certain features. Essay , Explanation , Narrative 403 Words | 2 Pages. Characteristics of Expository Essay. Characteristics of Expository Essay Expository essay uses evidence, . Essay Learning. examples, or facts to explain a concept or thesis.
The information is presented fairly and in a nonbiased manner. Essays I read were on nimr essay, Lucy Stone and essay on observational Cochlear Implants. Nimr Essay. Author Jone Johnson Lewis wrote a mini-biography about Lucy Stone using time order technique. She had lots of facts on Lucy Stone, starting with how Lucy Stone was the on observational, first woman in Massachusetts to earn. Cochlea , Cochlear implant , Essay 427 Words | 2 Pages. Argumentative Essay Social responsibility is an ideal topic for essay for dental debate; there have been mixed results for companies and individuals who have . pursued social responsibility. Learning. There is also the question of whether social responsibility should be motivated by a perceived benefit.This type of essay is based on philosophical theories on the necessity of social responsibility backed up with facts about previous social responsibility efforts.
For example, an essay could be about how giving support to disaster. Essay , Essays , Qualitative research 555 Words | 3 Pages. Bankers Adda How to write Essay in SBI PO Exam? Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of . 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of English Language Comprehension, Short Precis, Letter Writing Essay ). So, here we are presenting you How to modern technology, write Essay ? and few points to remember while writing an essay essay in the exam, which will be important for upcoming SBI PO exam. How to write an essay ? 1. Analyze the prompt. Paying. Note exactly what. Essay , Jawaharlal Nehru , Linguistics 812 Words | 4 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in telecommunications a trial design of a postage stamp yet to be accepted. On Observational. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. High Jobs Essay. attempt or try. essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense ‘test the. Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages. probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class.
An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . Learning. certain idea, claim, or concept and backs it up with supporting statements. Nimr Essay. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and a conclusion (summary of statements and support). English and literature teachers use them on a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of classes. Essay exams are also a. Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages. Expository And Persuasive Writing Prompts. ? Expository 1. Think of something you made with your own hands. How did you do it?
What might you do differently next time? Write an essay learning . explanation so clear and complete that someone with little or no experience could follow your directions and make the same thing. (Grades 6–12) 2. Write a clear explanation of ONE of the following: How to change a tire How to train an studies athlete for on observational any sport How to prepare for a vacation How to drive on a busy freeway How to write an essay someone will enjoy reading. 2007 singles , 21st century , As You Like It 839 Words | 4 Pages. BM 6105 Assignment BM 6105 Managing Change Assignment (3000 words) Essay Due on Monday 14th of January 2013 You are required to write an . Owes An Apology. essay supported with reference to the academic literature that answers the essay learning, following question: • You have recently been appointed to your first management post following graduation. Transgender Essay. You are keenly aware that as part of your management role you will be responsible for managing change and anticipate drawing on your BM 6105 studies to help you achieve success. Essay , Management , Organization 690 Words | 3 Pages. Analyzing written essays Genna Lee COM/150 1/20/2013 Analyzing written essays 1. What are four types of . essay organization discussed in the course readings? a. Topic: This development systematically organizes information about the topic in the most logical way. b. Learning. Time order: It is using sequential or chronological order to high paying jobs, write an essay . It organizes the information from one time period to another. c. Space order: This involves the occupying organization of ideas. Chronology , Essay , Essays 807 Words | 3 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and Marking Rubric This assessment task is . an ESSAY . The RMIT College of learning Business requires you to use a particular style of essay writing which involves both the way the essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other people’s ideas used in transgender argumentative, your work. The structuring of an essay is essay on observational very clearly described in the RMIT Study and Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available. Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages.
Writing and high essay Informative Essays Informative. hehehehe i actually only wanted toExamples of Informative Essays The purpose of an informative essay , sometimes called an . Essay Learning. expository essay , is to educate on a certain topic. It is not for giving an opinion or convincing someone to do something or change his beliefs. In addition to being informative, it needs to be interesting. Structure of an Informative Essay The basic structure of an informative essay is very simple. It needs to have a beginning, middle, and end. The beginning needs.
Blood , Blood donation , Essay 745 Words | 3 Pages. such strategies as scanning, skimming, main ideas, contextual clues and inferences. Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this subject, student will . Nimr Essay. be able to: 1. write summaries as well as process, comparison-contrast and essay on observational learning cause-effect essays 2. apply basic grammatical concepts in writing 3. answer questions based on academic texts 4. give oral presentations Textbook: 1. Daise, D., Norloff, C., and Carne, P., (2011). Q: Skills for Success 4 : Reading and transgender essay Writing Oxford University. Cambridge , Essay , Latin 401 Words | 3 Pages. What Characteristics Make These Essays Expository? - Essay. What characteristics make these essays expository ? I thought both essays used evidence, examples, or facts to . explain a concept and learning they informed me as the reader about their topics with a thesis as its base. The information was presented fairly and in nimr essay, a non-biased manner. Identify the type of essay on observational learning organization each author used to develop the essay (topic, time order, space order, or informative process).
The type of organization the author used for the essay “Setting the Table” was the Informative. Concepts in metaphysics , Essay , Essays 375 Words | 2 Pages. Four types of essays exist including: narration, description, exposition, and modern essay argument. Each type has a unique purpose: some tell a story, some . are descriptive and essay learning others prevent viewpoints. One of the best ways to better understand each type of essay is to review examples. Types of Essays Narrative Narration is telling a story from gcse media coursework, a certain viewpoint, and there is usually a reason for the telling. All narrative essays will have characters, setting, climax, and most importantly, a plot. Essay , Essays , Exposition 2198 Words | 7 Pages. Centre for Language Study Pre-Sessional Course A 2013 WRITING TASK 4: Assessed Essay WRITING TASK 4 is your assessed essay . and you will need to on observational learning, write an essay essay of 1200-1400 words. This is the same length as the essay in on observational, WRITING TASK 3. WRITING TASK 4 will form 80% of your mark for writing on the Pre-Sessional course. Please select a title from the list here: 1. Discuss the impact a particular theory has had on your area of study in terms of application, use and limitations.
2. Explain the transgender argumentative, problems. Citation , Essay , Marketing 1150 Words | 4 Pages. Edith Cowan University Academic essay Academic Tip Sheet This academic tip sheet: What is an learning academic essay ? • explains the . academic essay as an academic style of writing; • looks at the structure of an academic essay ; • looks at the main types of academic essays ; • explains how to write an academic essay ; and • provides you with a quick checklist that covers most aspects of writing an academic essay . For our purposes, we can define an academic essay as a document that has a defined structure. Essay , Writing 1070 Words | 2 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the word ‘hate’ in the Heian era. Gcse Coursework Magazines. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and transparency of a situation? “Hateful Things” is an essay on observational opinionated extract from the book “Pillow Talk” written by gcse media, Sei Shonagon.
Pillow Talk is a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by Shonagon. Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. trying to know everyone in the class. After that here comes the on observational, big turn, homework and writing essays . Paper. I have never written an . essay in my life while I was living in essay on observational learning, India.
It was really hard for me to write down our thought on the given assignment. My English is coursework not good and grammar is worse. Essay On Observational Learning. I was really afraid of writing, I didn’t want to tell anyone. I missed my first essay due date and even second essay due date. After some days Mrs. Nimr Essay. Danielo called me in her office during office hours. She told. Academic term , College , Essay 1524 Words | 4 Pages.
symbols which can be understood and on observational learning manipulated by someone who is american studies culturally literate. Second, being literate can mean having knowledge or competence. For . example, we speak of people being computer literate or politically literate. Essay. For your first essay , try to focus on a moment or a period in your life when you realized the significance of being literate in this fashion. Did you have trouble using a computer to modern owes ecology, register for classes? Did you fit into a subculture because you learned to speak its. Essay , Knowledge , Literacy 1120 Words | 4 Pages. stories, news articles, and especially essays begin with good hooks because a writer is often judged within the first few sentences. Essay On Observational. Just as . the news tries to stimulate our fears by announcing a “danger in our water supply,” a writer must try to modern an apology essay, bring the learning, reader from his or her world into the world of the essay . This is done with a few choice words at the beginning of the high paying, essay : the infamous hook. It is not easy to think of how to make someone want to read an on observational essay about a novel.
It’s not even easy to. Essay , Good and evil , Human 609 Words | 3 Pages. Characteristics of an Expository Essay. The two essays I read were “A Soul as Free as the Air” and “Cochlear Implants”. The characteristics which make these essays . expository are that they both use evidence, examples, or facts to explain a concept or facts to inform the reader. The information is presented fairly and in an unbiased manner. “A Soul as Free as the Air” tells the reader about the media magazines, main points in the life of Lucy Stone. The essay (written in third person) starts with an introduction to on observational, who Lucy Stone was and why she is.
Cochlea , Cochlear implant , Essay 461 Words | 2 Pages. harder. American. TYPES OF ESSAY An essay is a short piece of essay learning writing that discusses, describes or analyses a topic. It can discuss a . subject directly or indirectly, seriously or humorously. It can describe personal opinions, or just report information. An essay can be written from any perspective, but are most commonly written in the first person, or third person. Nimr Essay. There are many different kinds of on observational learning essays . The following are some of the jobs, most common: DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY Descriptive essays rely on the effective. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 2291 Words | 8 Pages. it. The Comparison/Contrast Essay When writing a comparison essay , you are trying to describe two things (or people or places . or whatever) against each other.
Remember these important ideas: 1. Select only TWO topics to compare. 2. The two topics must have at least a basis of similarity to them. 3. Select something with which you have direct personal experience. 4. Your essay must make a point about the two items being compared. Essay. The overall framework for this essay is not a story or narrative;. Difference , Essay , Exposition 892 Words | 3 Pages. children but the personal struggles Kat endures in a society embedded in superficiality have intern caused an emotional imbalance in her personal life. . Throughout the years, Kat, an avant garde fashio Historic Film Impact Essay : Life Is Beautiful Historic Film Impact Essay Throughout history there have been great stories of great sacrifice and nimr essay struggle.
Some of these struggles come during times of on observational learning oppression and discrimination. Sometimes it’s hard to truly understand what it’s like to essay school, live through. Essay , Hermann Hesse , Human sexual behavior 1285 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Examples Four types of essay essays exist including: narration, description, exposition, and essay for dental argument. Each type has a unique . On Observational Learning. purpose: some tell a story, some are descriptive and others prevent viewpoints. One of the best ways to better understand each type of essay is to review examples. Types of Essays Narrative Narration is transgender essay telling a story from essay on observational, a certain viewpoint, and there is usually a reason for transgender argumentative essay the telling.
All narrative essays will have characters, setting, climax, and most importantly. Essay , Essays , Exposition 1903 Words | 6 Pages. As a mode of expository writing, the narrative approach, more than any other, offers writers a chance to on observational, think and write about high paying essay, themselves. We . all have experiences lodged in on observational, our memories, which are worthy of sharing with readers. Paying Essay. Yet sometimes they are so fused with other memories that a lot of the time spent in writing narrative is in the prewriting stage. When you write a narrative essay , you are telling a story.
Narrative essays are told from a defined point of view, often the author's, so there. Article , Essay , Essays 797 Words | 3 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with . those of an essay on observational learning article, a pamphlet and a short story. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the modern ecology an apology essay, author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages. ?Luis Espinoza Professor Wees Composition One 29 October 2014 Writing Process There are many important steps in writing an essay . . Essays are a significant part of any student’s grade in most English classes, whether in essay, high school, college, or even those studying for Masters and a PhD. Whether it is a narrative, descriptive, expository or a persuasive essay , each one has the same process as the others.
Although depending on gcse media, the class level one is learning at, the writing process might be more or less complex. Citation , Creative writing , Essay 1030 Words | 4 Pages. the 5 Paragraph Essay Most students do not need to be professional writers or a wizard in gcse media, English class to learn how to on observational learning, write outstanding . five paragraph essays . Practice makes perfect and with some basic skills and american studies research a lot of practice, any student can be writing proper essays in no time. The five paragraph essay is of utmost importance because it is the chosen standard for measuring a student's writing skills and proficiency. Most grade schools use the five paragraph essay for class assignments. Conclusion , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1005 Words | 4 Pages. ?Writing an essay Define the context of your essay . The context is the essay learning, scope of the essay . Nimr Essay. What are you being . asked to write about? The context can include multiple parameters including: Topic. On Observational. Sometimes your teacher or professor will give you a prompt that you're required to nimr essay, use. If you do get an option to essay on observational, pick your own topic, then choose something that you genuinely want to school, become an expert about or something you feel passionate about discussing.
Format. The length of the essay , the way the. Essay , Essays , Short story 1159 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Writing: Writing with Purpose. One-word essay : The one-word essay is quite manageable as it allows you to decide which essay type you are going . to write about.
Take the topic “Floods”. Essay On Observational Learning. If you choose to write an expository essay , you can write about the essay, causes and effects of floods; if you choose to write a narrative essay , you can narrate a story related to floods; and if you choose to on observational, write a descriptive essay , you can focus on studies research, describing floods. Descriptive Essay : WRITING a descriptive essay is perhaps more difficult. Conclusion , Essay , Essays 2047 Words | 7 Pages. From Idea to Essay notes Chapter 1 “The Writing Process” Pgs.
3-12 Expository writing * Type of writing that explains, . discusses, describes, analyzes, and argues the bulk of everyday tasks that you’ll most likely be called upon to do in your career. * Includes every kind of workaday job, ranging from memos and learning descriptions to evaluations summaries and formal proposals. Nimr Essay. * Mostly pragmatic and unglamorous. The AIM of good writing * CLARITY * Ways to achieve clarity: repeated. Creative writing , Essay , Rhetoric 1508 Words | 5 Pages.
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folding resume paper I’m Chanpory, and this is my site on how to live and work better as a designer. You should follow me on essay on observational, Twitter here. For more, check out the archives. The 7 deadly sins of nimr essay, resume design. So you’ve labored with sweat and tears writing your resume, and essay on observational learning now you’re all set to turn it into a magnificently designed creation. Unfortunately, with the freedom of modern computers and fancy software, comes huge opportunities for gcse media magazines, abuse. Essay On Observational. When it comes to resumes, both non-designers and professional designers commit some almost unforgivable sins. Nimr Essay. Here are the 7 deadly sins of resume design and how to repent: Take a tour of on observational learning, any office supply store and essay school you’ll see shelves of extravagant “resume” papers featuring special “linen” and essay on observational learning “parchment” finishes.
Avoid these like dog poop on a New York summer sidewalk. They’re too expensive and don’t make you look extra special. To repent: Save your money and get paper with a plain smooth finish. It can be slightly heavier than regular copy paper, but not stiff as a board. An ever so slight hint of cream is fine. Owes. It’ll make your resume easier on the eyes than the super-ultra-pure-snow-driven white paper many designers are fond of. I prefer Neenah Classic Crest in essay on observational, Natural White with a Super Smooth finish. Never ever use pink paper with strawberry scent. The default typeface in Microsoft Word is Times New Roman, and thus it’s the default for most resumes. It’s a tragedy, because Times’s letterspacing and wordspacing is wretched in Word.
The result is an unharmonious mess. To repent: Choose a different typeface. I won’t go into explaining x-heights or the high paying jobs, difference between Humanist Sans and Geometric Sans. If you’ve got money to spare, pick any of the on observational learning, typefaces in FontShop’s professional collection, and you’ll be a step above Times New Roman. If you’re cheap, use Matthew Carter’s Georgia. It’s free and already installed on your computer.
If you send your resume electronically as a PDF, it also looks quite good on-screen. If you need more guidance, check out Before After’s tutorial on american studies paper, picking typefaces. Designers fresh out of school love teeny tiny type. The belief is essay learning, that it looks elegant, refined, and allows for more white space on the resume. It’s a shame.
For all that elegance, no one can read it, because most people in hiring positions won’t have fresh baby eyes with 20/20 vision. To repent: Set your resume no smaller than 9 points for sans-serifed type and 10 points for serifed type. American Studies. Anything smaller, and your resume is at risk of being shredded. Designers also love grey type. On Observational. On an inkjet printer, grey text looks better because it reduces the appearance of noise. If you go too light, though, it becomes illegible and unfaxable.
But wait, should you really be using inkjet to print your resume? To repent: Use a laser printer and print in 100% black for ultimate clarity. If you do go grey, don’t go lighter than 75% black. You may be tempted to add decoration like floral borders, rainbow colors, and hearts. Perhaps, you want to use an illustration of a swan, tiger or unicorn to represent you. This is nimr essay, great if you want to look like a box of crayons melted on essay learning, your resume. Otherwise, don’t try to be cute.
To repent: Add some character by gcse media coursework magazines setting your name slightly larger, or in a different weight as the same typeface as the rest of learning, your resume. Use color, but very sparingly, if at all. No more than one color in addition to black. If you live in the United States, the standard paper size is 8.5 x 11in. In Europe, it’s 210 x 297mm. Studies Research. Anything else will fit awkwardly in a binder or file. When it doesn’t fit, it gets thrown out. To repent: Keep to the standard paper size of your geographic location. On Observational. It’s easier to print and package. In an attempt to stand out, some designers format their resumes in a landscape format.
This is more annoying than innovative. To repent: Keep to media, a portrait format. The first person who sees your resume is usually a Human Resources person who sees hundreds of resumes daily. Too much variation from the norm makes it harder for them to make a quick assessment of you. If you want to learning, stand out, write a good cover letter instead. So what does a good looking resume look like? Check out my follow-up post, Give your resume a face lift. Great info but I think the resume format should match the job/industry you are applying to. It also comes down to the personal opinion of the person doing the hiring. I had a resume designed and american studies research paper two people were interviewing me.
One person really liked it and on observational the other didn’t…But most importantly it got noticed and created conversation. I would say have common sense and high jobs essay keep it simple and on observational learning not over argumentative essay, done. You will never please everybody so create a resume that reflects your personality and talent. Good Luck Cheers. All the comments are great. Learning. However, I have to say I have always had interviewers ask me for a hard copy of my resume at essay the beginning of the essay, interview. Frankly, I have come to view that as a test of nimr essay, your organizational skills. I think if you suggested that they print it out themselves you would be ushered out the essay learning, door very, very quickly. hello just asking, what should be the essay, best paper size for resume/cv in essay on observational learning, philippines. is school, it short or long bond paper. Essay. waiting for reply..thanks^^ To a beginner this sounds intringuing, since simple groups are very natural objects to define, whereas vertex algebras seem more convoluted. , A very useful Design Refresher – Think I need to change some of my fonts around now !! More work … Don’t forget spraying it with perfume (unless your applying to paying essay, be an learning, escort)! HR people basically don’t give a damn what your resume looks like, as long as they can read it.
And most of them just scan it to make sure you fit the job requirements. So forget the nitpicky advice about fonts. Essay For Dental. Most HR people wouldn’t know a font if it jumped out of the essay learning, PC and bit them. … You’re probably going to american paper, be submitting your resume as a PDF anyway, in which case you ought to make sure the file will transmit OK and be clear enough to copy. Many companies just ask you to paste a text version of your resume into an online application, which is a dead give-away that they couldn’t care less how pretty it looks. Just make sure you leave out the silly dingbats. I have found in my 10 years in the professional design world that HR are the non educated gate keepers of the employment world. Go get real employees opinions on said workers within HR…most cringe at the notion of going through HR. Really, what do people in HR do all day? There are some rules that can be broken and and broken well but not unless you’re an learning, artist or graphic designer should you attempt them. Number one advice is just get your resume to the person that will be hiring and avoid HR like the essay, plague.
Wow, tough crowd. This is a perfect list of rules for design “begginers”. Of course designers and talented creative types may be able to make an impact by on observational learning cleverly breaking some of these rules – but you’re probably going to have to use some software other than Word to pull that off. If you’re using Word this is your bible with one addition – NEVER USE WORDART. Nice work Chanpory. @James, I was thinking the exact same thing.
Tough crowd indeed! @Chanpory, great advice! I’m in a similar role as the owner of a small agency and the resumes I have seen, whether for designers, developers, or even bookkeepers, are unbelieveable. Gcse Media Coursework Magazines. My alltime favorite was one in essay on observational, Comic Sans (no joke!!). I think the key point is that design must always help achieve the goal. The goal for a resume is to get an interview.
To that end, a resume’s design must help communicate the message/content of the resume effectively. Essay School. Creatviity can have a place in your resume, but you ought to be conservative with it in learning, my opinion: what’s clever, creative, and “the best resume I’ve seen” to one person might just be tacky and overdone to gcse coursework magazines, another. OK…. Essay. this entire “7 deadly sins” is bullcrap. Any designer worth their salt knows that if you KNOW the paying, rules, you can break the on observational, rules. There is nothing I like more than receiving a fantastically creative resume. After all, they are coming to us to gcse magazines, be creative. It lets me see how well they understand how to sell themselves. I hate to say it, but your resume ideas only learning makes them look like the essay, cream of the essay on observational learning, crap… not the cream of the crop.
I think its just a matte of time until the modern ecology essay, resume gets replaced. Sort of old fashion. I think you are all missing a very important piece—who is the audience? All of these concerns are dependent on the type of job you are applying to (i.e. your audience). No matter what you are designing, this is the #1 variable to consider. What is important when applying to learning, a creative job, is gcse, very different than what is important in the financial world, for expample. Thanks for essay learning, the tip on media coursework, Georgia font – I had Garamond originally, and it looked terrible when converted to learning, PDF. Just tried out Georgia and paying jobs loved it! When we go to interviews, it’s nice to bring a copy of our resume along. That’s why it matters how it looks when printed.
Just because HR has received it doesn’t mean the interviewer will necessarily have it on hand. On Observational Learning. In addition, someone or someone’s just may pop in on the interview out of interest. I was once take directly from the research paper, interview with HR straight to the manager to interview with her immediately because HR thought I’d be a good fit. I’m glad I had another copy of on observational learning, my resume on hand. It’s just good form to bring extra copies of a resume. PS Speaking of bad font; what’s up with the font on this page?!
Its super bold and narrow… and hard to read! Maybe try Georgia instead ;) I’m personally a huge fan of Palatino Linotype. (or its cousin Book Antiqua) It’s a nice serif font that’s easy to read and high jobs scan down through, it’s nicely formed and essay on observational learning spaced and it’s ubiquitous but not always commonly used. And even if you don’t have it you can download it free. Somebody up there also made the point of trying to modern ecology an apology essay, mimic the style and branding of the company you are submitting to.
If possible you should always do that. One idea is to learning, send the cv/resume in a nice folder the same colour as the nimr essay, company’s branding, to essay on observational learning, use similar coloured paper or to use the same fonts. If you’re sending off internationally always look up the proper resume and cover letter format for the country you are sending to. For example many countries in argumentative essay, mainland Europe also expect you to essay, embed a small, passport-sized photograph at the top of the page. Be sure to use the correct spelling also. True it’s best not to entrust your spelling and grammar to a machine, but, if you’re applying from one English-speaking country to another, be sure that you spellcheck it in the appropriate language – e.g. British English v US English. I’ve found, actually, that many computers, for example Dell computers, were always pre-installed with US English as the default language regardless of where they were being sold to. So be sure and check that your computer and word processor are set to the right language for your country before you send your resume to anybody! This is so good to know and follow… I totally agree with kathy, but when you haven’t met the contact person the question would be: what should you present a graphically enhanced CV (Branding), a formal black white CV or a flash animated CV? Unless you are a branding fanatic,to the point that you go on and brand yourself and make your resume/letter stand out jobs, among others, there are definitely several ways to gain a remarkable first impression.
It also dependent on the culture of the company you’re entering and the position you’re applying for… and how old are you and your experience… your CV is on observational learning, your spirit and vision, at the end.. and essay for dental school if you get your CV to a company where they don’t like it, don’t worry… your CV has probably landed in the wrong place… and your spirit and vision doesn’t suite the company you’re applying for. I truly think design is on observational, essential, in order to stand out… but design alone doesn’t make the CV standout… it’s the nimr essay, content and experience and essay learning the way you brand yourself. Wow. According to your article, I’ve committed 3 sins: “gray text,” “weird paper size” and “horizontal format.” You probably should also add an 8th sin for kicks that I’ve also committed: “folding.” Now, taken that I’ve broken lots of coursework magazines, your rules in resume design — why is it that I’ve been working for my company for essay learning, 3 years and 10 months thanks to my “poorly designed resume”? There has to be something wrong.
A graphic designer’s resume should reflect his or her craft. It should have hints of their style and should totally have an experience to go along with it. Studies Paper. Designing out of the box is always favored and is always put on top of the pile if executed properly. Essay Learning. You should never confine yourself to designing freely. Your resume is another piece of modern technology owes ecology, your portfolio — one which your future employer will keep. I don’t believe filenames have been mentioned here. When sending a resume electronically, the filename resume.doc is the kiss of death.
Be sure to change the filename to reflect your own name. Essay. In addition, use either PDF or DOC, never any other format – otherwise, you risk incompatibility. Many H/R departments also use autoscan programs, and both multi-column and fancy fonts/paper will be puked out rather than scanned in. When sending electronically, the plainer, the better! Finally, whether or not sent electronically, be brief. These days, virtually no one is essay for dental, worth a two-pager.
The point is to get IN the on observational, door for an interview… you can elaborate later, during the interview. Hi, you guys would be surprised to know that most Turkish companies require your resume to have your photo!! (It mostly (read:always) works in my favour :P ) yeah, so my resume looks pretty messed up when I try to fit in my photo. It looks like a very detailed I-card! I think a photo within the resume screams prejudice. Im not Turkish(I worked and will work in Turkey again soon) but even when Turkish people apply to Turkish companies they add a photo. By the way, I know for a fact that some American companies ask for photos within a resume too (reference : my Turkish friends who’ve applied to gcse media coursework, American companies). I wish I could get some points on how to add your photo in your resume and essay on observational learning not feel like a complete jackass. :P. As an engineer and industrial designer who needs to walk a fine line between ‘logical’ and ecology an apology ‘artzy-fartzy’, I have found a san-serif font works far better than all the suggestions above. I have been using Tahoma for years and have gotten a call-back on every position I have applied for the last dozen years…I am 5 for 5. Tahoma kerns nice and tight and 10pt leave plenty of white space. If you know how, typesetting your documents in TeX can really improve the essay learning, font appearance through proper use of ligatures and a line-break algorithm that evaluates the nimr essay, appearance of the learning, entire paragraph rather than that of the individual line.
It can produce PostScript or PDF files for electronic usage. Transgender Argumentative Essay. Failing that, it may be possible to use the Computer Modern fonts for which the essay on observational, program is configured in other programs like Word, and I expect these would still be a cut above Microsoft’s pet fonts. I think everyone should come out of the dark ages. We now have the nimr essay, facility of essay on observational learning, computers and graphics……why not use them within reason. / Surely an employer with any intelligence would be absorbing the ease of essay, reading and the content…….not crossing a prospect off because of the font used. Lets move into the 21st century people. As a recent “job seeker” I found this very useful. Learning. though of course we call them CVs in school, the Uk, the on observational, tips are all good. Modern Owes Essay. Better equipped to avoid the essay on observational, pitfalls now, although I don’t agree 100% with all the points it is none the modern ecology an apology essay, less a useful read. On Observational Learning. Thanks again. Modern Owes Ecology An Apology Essay. Pat.
I think it would be best to send a virus to HR because all in all they never call anyone back. Essay. Most of HR have no clue about paying essay anything tech, nor do they have any creative brain at all. I would rather just meet someone who works at the company itself than deal with a braindead HR zombie.